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Diarra Unconcerned by France Competition PARIS – Lassana Diarra says he does not fear for his international place, despite France having produced one of their best performances of recent years in his absence against Bosnia last month. France beat Bosnia-Hercegovina 2-0 in Sarajevo in their second Euro 2012 qualifier on September 7, wiping out memories of their shock 1-0 at home to Belarus and raising hopes of a bright future under Laurent Blanc. Diarra missed the game with a hamstring injury and one of the most impressive elements of France's victory was the performance of his central midfield rivals Alou Diarra, Yann Mvila and Abou Diaby. Blanc hinted after the game that all the players involved had earned the right to more first-team opportunities, but Diarra says he has no reason to fear for his own international future. "They played a complete match," he said at France's Clairefontaine training base on Tuesday. "There was lots to be pleased about, which is as it should be. I bring my own desire and I'm at the coach's disposal. There are no worries with me." Diarra missed the World Cup with a stomach problem linked to a genetic blood disorder and subsequently lost his starting place at Real Madrid. He featured at right-back in Real's opening league game, but expressed reluctance

when asked if he could adopt the same role for France in the absence through injury of first-choice right-back Bacary Sagna. "I'm a defensive midfielder," said the 25-year-old. "I can do a job (at rightback) for my club or for France, with pleasure. But you have to know that Lassana Diarra is a midfielder and not a right-back." Diarra has lost his place at Real to German international Sami Khedira and he admitted that he could be tempted to look elsewhere if he is not able to dislodge the former Stuttgart man from the starting XI. "At Real I'm in competition with a world champion (Spain's Xabi Alonso) and a World Cup semi-finalist (Khedira)," said Diarra. "It's up to me to hang in there, but I've not done too Lassana Diarra badly so far. I've already comes through playing for your club." played for three of the 10 biggest clubs in Diarra and his Real team-mate Karim the world (Chelsea, Arsenal and Real); I'm Benzema both arrived late at France's not scared of playing anywhere. training camp, prompting Blanc to "If I'm not happy, I'll find a solution, declare his annoyance, but the midfielder but I aim to play and representing France insisted a line had been drawn under the

career. "We're going to let the game do a lot of the talking. We know we've got to answer a lot of questions every day from you guys, but when we get out on the court, it's all business." So while the atmosphere may be playoff-caliber, the game will likely be anything but. The Heat plan to use as many of their 19 available players as possible, the Pistons will likely take a similar approach, and suffice to say, neither team will likely be calling plays down the stretch like it's a Game 7. "Get there early," Wade said. "Not planning on being on the court too long." For home Heat preseason games in Miami two seasons ago, the announced attendances were 13,253 and 11,041. Last year, the crowds were 10,064 and 10,096. It's unknown if all 19,600 seats will be sold by game time Tuesday, but given how the Heat distributed 13,000 tickets to the

welcome party for Wade, Bosh and James in less than one hour on July 9, chances are there'll be a demand by tip-off. "The energy coming from the crowd, their emotion, it's going to boost our energy and our emotions," Heat forward Udonis Haslem said. "But we still understand that it's a preseason game. We're not going to do everything right.

Make no mistake, the Heat are taking it seriously. We have some kinks to work out and this is the time to do it." The hype isn't limited to those in Miami. Some of the Pistons can't wait to see what all the fuss is about, either. "Everybody can't wait," said guard Richard Hamilton. "I

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Haiti Taps Prince Charles Charity for City Makeover PORT-AU-PRINCE (Reuters) – Haiti has asked an architectural planning charity founded by Britain's Prince Charles to help guide the rebuilding and makeover of the earthquakedevastated historic center of Port-au-Prince.

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More than 10 million New Teachers Needed to Fill Education Goals, UN Warns

matter. "I arrived two or three hours late; it happens," he said. "There's no cause for alarm either. We talked about it, it's sorted, there's no need to mix things up."

The Madness (sort of) Set to Begin for Heat MIAMI – It's a preseason game, so it doesn't count. Except, perhaps, to LeBron James. When the Miami Heat open the preseason at home against the Detroit Pistons on Tuesday, it'll mark the first time James will play before 19,000 or so of his newest fans. Predictably, there's a higher-than-usual level of interest, especially after a summer where Dwyane Wade, Chris Bosh and James decided to team up in Miami. Tickets were being resold for more than $250 on some online sites, even though the game isn't sold out. Two television crews are coming to broadcast the game, and even the some of the Pistons are saying they're looking forward to this exhibition more than usual. "We're ready to play the game," said James, the two-time reigning NBA MVP who'll don a uniform other than Cleveland's for the first time in his professional

AITIAN TIME S H THE

think the whole NBA, the fans, everybody's excited about what they got in Miami and they can't wait to see how those guys play together." Pistons center Ben Wallace said he followed the summer personnel moves that some simply called LeBronathon — "How can you not pay attention?" Wallace asked — and knows it'll be a most unusual scene for a preseason game that awaits Detroit on Tuesday. "Of course, some guys are going to go in there and try to make a statement," Wallace said. "That's the nature of the business. If you don't, you're not a competitor. Everybody's going to go to Miami is going to want to put their best effort out. Those guys should know people are going to be shooting at them." There's plenty of personnel issues that remain unsettled — Carlos Arroyo will likely start at point guard on Tuesday and

Joel Anthony at center, although neither has been anointed as the first-stringer going into the season at those spots — and Heat coach Erik Spoelstra knows he'll have some tough calls to make later this month. "I want these guys to enjoy it," Spoelstra said. "As much of a reward as we can give them playing in front of our home fans, I want them to do that. I want them to play the right way, the way we've been trying to establish this week, but they've been working extremely hard. I think they're just looking forward to playing against someone else right now." Monday marked the first time the Heat practiced together in Miami this season. They returned Sunday from nearly a week of training camp — "the most competitive, intense camp I've seen since I can remember," Spoelstra said — at Hurlburt Field and Eglin Air Force Base in Florida's Panhandle.

The United Nations marked World Teachers’ Day Oct. 5 with top officials calling on governments to make up a projected deficit of over 10 million teachers by 2015 and stressing the crucial role teachers play in recovery from natural disasters and conflict.

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Haiti Food Aid Hurting Local Farmers – Report A massive influx of free foreign food to Haiti after January's earthquake helped feed many displaced people, but undercut Haitian agriculture and hurt farmers' incomes, Oxfam International said Monday.

page 9 Art & Culture Nephtalie Kettia Guillite Crowned Miss Haiti Caraïbes Hibiscus

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UN Photo/Marco Dormino

A close-up of a UN Police officer as he and his colleagues, along with the Haitian National Police, conduct a security operation in Croix-des-Bouquets, Haiti. Lasting some three hours, the officers' the officers’ search for weapons and gang members resulted in seven detained suspects.

Haiti Election: UN Pledges Security, Logistical Support Canada Offers $5.8M As Haiti’s electoral campaign opens, the top United Nations official in the impoverished and earthquake-devastated country on Friday pledged full security and logistical support to ensure a successful outcome of the Nov. 28 vote, UN officials said here. “Only a government that bears national consensus, armed with a vision based on the common good and determined to tackle the true causes of the current problems, can confront the challenges,” UN SecretaryGeneral Ban Ki-moon’s Special Representative Edmond Mulet said in a statement. He cited the urgent need to resettle hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the quake and the longer-term challenge of re- establishing a fully functioning state of law with security and jobs, said the official. “The Nov. 28 elections offer the unique opportunity to define the path to follow for the next five years,” he said of the presidential and parliamentary vote. He stressed the major importance of issuing new identity cards on time and the duty of all candidates to campaign in a calm, respectful way and to prevent their followers from resorting to violence. “A special responsibility falls to party currently in power to ensure that they do not abuse their access to State resources, which

must never be used for partisan purposes,” he said. Other countries have pledged aid for the upcoming elections. Canada will spend $5.8 million to help Haiti with its presidential and parliamentary elections in November, Minister of International Co-operation Bev Oda announced Tuesday.

Haiti is the largest recipient of direct Canadian aid, followed by Afghanistan. The money will go to the United Nations Development Program to help the Haitian electoral council, which oversees the elections; to Elections Canada which will be providing technical support during the Nov. 28 elections, and to Haiti’s Conseil national pour l’observation des elections for the training and deployment of local electoral

observers. “Canada has been a long-time supporter of democratic, open, and fair electoral processes in Haiti,” Oda said in a news release. “Good governance and strong democratic institutions are essential to ensuring the success of reconstruction [there].” Canada has committed more than $1 billion to Haiti between 2006 and 2012. In March, Oda announced $400 million in aid to help Haiti recover from the Jan 12 earthquake on Jan. 12 that killed more than 200,000 people and left more than one million homeless. Haiti’s election commission in August published a list of 19 eligible candidates in the presidential race. The elections will take place as the country is still reeling from the quake Haiti is the largest recipient of direct Canadian aid, followed by Afghanistan. Mulet heads the UN peacekeeping mission in Haiti, known as MINUSTAH, which now has nearly 12,000 military and police personnel deployed around the country and has been on the ground since mid-2004 after then president Jean-Bertrand Aristide went into exile amid violent unrest. People’s daily.com and CBC contributed to the story.


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The Haitian Times

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Port-au-Prince La candidate du Rassemblement des démocrates nationaux progressistes (RDNP), Mirlande Hyppolite Manigat, 69 ans, domine les deux premiers sondages d’opinion réalisés sur les prochaines présidentielles, dont l’un a été rendu public le 5 Octobre par son commanditaire, le Forum économique du secteur privé des affaires. Menée par le Bureau de recherche en informatique et en développement économique et social (BRIDES) auprès d’un échantillon de 6.030 personnes, cette enquête attribue 16,7% d’opinions favorables à Mme Manigat devant les électeurs indécis qui ne se sont prononcés en faveur d’aucun candidat (14,8%) et Jude Célestin, représentant de la plateforme présidentielle INITE, en nette progression avec 13%. Par rapport au premier sondage dans lequel elle était créditée d’un peu plus de 23% des intentions de vote, la constitutionnaliste et épouse de l’ex-Président démocrate-chrétien Leslie Manigat accuse une chute brutale de 7 points. Parallèlement, son plus proche rival, Jude Célestin, a vu son score passer

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entre les deux enquêtes d’opinion de 7 à 13%, soit un gain spectaculaire de six points. Derrière les deux aspirants à la présidence ayant supposément la meilleure cote de popularité, viennent dans l’ordre l’industriel Charles Henri Baker (RESPE) et le chanteur Michel Martelly alias “Sweet Micky”, ex-aequo avec chacun 12,5% d’intentions de vote, l’ancien Premier ministre Jacques-Edouard Alexis (MPH) 7,5%, le pasteur Jean Chavannes Jeune (ACCRHA) 3,8% et le notaire Jean Henry Céant (Renmen Ayiti) 2,2%. Les autres concurrents ne recueillent qu’une part d’adhésion marginale de l’électorat potentiel oscillant entre 0 et 1%. Dans ce bas de tableau, on retrouve l’ex-Premier ministre Lavalas Yvon Neptune (Ayisyen Pou Ayiti) 1,9%  ; l’ancien ministre des affaires sociales, Yves Cristallin (Oganizasyon Lavni) 1,7% ; l’ex-ministre Leslie Voltaire (Paltfòm Ansanm Nou Fò) 1,3%  ; le maire de Delmas, Wilson Jeudy (Force 2010) 1%  ; Génard Joseph (Groupement Solidarité) 0,7%  ; le Sénateur de l’ouest, Jean Hector Anacacis (MODEJHA) 0,6%  ; Eric Charles (PENH) et Axan Abellard (KNDA), tous deux 0,4%  ; l’ancienne ministre Josette Bijou (indépendante) et Garaudy Laguerre (WOZO) 0,3% ; Dr Gérard Blot (Plateforme 16 Décembre) et Léon Jeune (KLE) 0,2%. **** L'ancien président américain Bill Clinton est attendu ce mercredi à Port-auPrince pour la troisième réunion de la Commisssion intérimaire de la reconstruction d'Haïti. M. Clinton qui co-pré-

side la CIRH avec le Premier ministre Jean-Max Bellerive participera avec les membres de la Commission à une téléconférence. La réunion permettra d'analyser et d'approuver de nouveaux projets en conformité avec les réponses immédiates et à long terme du Gouvernement haïtien, selon un communiqué du CIRH. Le directeur exécutif de la CIRH Gabriel Verret ainsi que les membres haïtiens de la Commission seront présents à Port-auPrince pour la téléconférence tandis que les membres désignés par les pays donateurs intervindront au telephone. **** La secrétaire d'Etat américaine Hillary Clinton a nommé le week end écoulé un coordonnateur spécial de l'aide américaine à Haïti. L'ambassadeur Thomas C. Adams devra superviser l'engagement des Etats-Unis envers Haïti notamment sur le plan des relations diplomatiques et l'application d'une stratégie de reconstruction en partenariat avec le gouvernement haïtien. M. Adams, qui compte 35 ans d'expérience, a occupé la fonction de coordonnateur de l'assistance américaine à l'Eurasie entre 2005 et 2008. Une aide, de 1.5 milliard de dollars, dédiée à la reconstruction d'Haïti, a été récemment approuvée par le congres. Le déblocage de l'aide américaine est lié à la conclusion d'un accord sur une stratégie de long terme en Haïti. Selon l'Associated Press un document élaboré par des experts devra être sanctionné par les congresmen américains au cours de ce mois d'octobre. Le décaissement des fonds interviendra après l'entente autour de cette stratégie.

October 6-12, 2010

Le bureau du coordonnateur spécial de l'aide américaine devra gérer une enveloppe de 25 millions de dollars sur 5 ans. La désignation de M. Adams marque une plus grande implication des Etats-Unis dans le processus de reconstruction. Aux cotés de l'ex président Bill Clinton, un représentant du gouvernement américain, Cheryl D. Mills, Conseillère et Chef de Cabinet de la Secrétaire d'Etat Hillary Clinton, siège au conseil d'administration de la Commission Intérimaire de Reconstruction (CIRH). Dans le même temps un fonds spécial, est géré par les ex-présidents Bill Clinton et Georges Bush. Outre le chef de la représentation américaine à Port-au-Prince, Kenneth Merten, deux ex présidents et deux diplomates de premier rang sont impliqués dans le dossier de la reconstruction d'Haïti. **** Les responsables de la Banque Interaméricaine de développement (BID) ont annoncé le 29 septembre dernier l'annulation de la dette d'Haïti évaluée à 484 millions de dollars. Cette décision a été prise suite au versement d'une avance de la contribution des EtatsUnis dédiée aux prêts du Fonds pour les opérations spéciales (FSO) de 204 millions d´USD. L'accord a été paraphé par le président de la BID, Luiz Alberto Moreno et Lael Brainard, responsable du département du Trésor du Secrétariat pour les affaires internationales des EtatsUnis en présence du Chef de mission à see A TRAVERS HAITI on page 23

Apprendre l’orthographe du “kreyòl” (2ème partie) Du côté de chez Hugues

par Hugues St. Fort

Dans la deuxième partie de ce triptyque, je ferai une brève histoire de l’orthographe du créole haïtien, ce qui, dans le contexte actuel des n’importe quoi avancés pourtant orgueilleusement par certains individus sur nos forums de discussion, demeure indispensable. On ne le sait pas assez : le créole haïtien qu’on présente souvent comme une langue à tradition uniquement orale s’écrit depuis l’époque coloniale quand la partie ouest de l’île d’Hispaniola était connue sous le nom de Saint-Domingue et, bien entendu, après 1804 quand Saint-Domingue devint Haïti. Les scripteurs de l’époque étaient presque tous des colons français qui circulaient librement entre les Petites Antilles et le Nord de Saint-Domingue. L’écriture du créole s’est manifestée dès le dix-huitième siècle à travers des chansons, des poèmes, des textes écrits par des missionnaires pour «  évangéliser  » les esclaves et par des proclamations politiques destinées aux esclaves. On a cru longtemps que le premier texte écrit en créole était la fameuse chanson «  Lisette quitté la plaine  » que Moreau de Saint-Méry, le fameux auteur du livre «  Description topographique, physique,

civile, politique et historique de la partie française de l’isle de St. Domingue  » (1797) attribue à M. Duvivier de la Mahautière qui était conseiller au Conseil de Port-au-Prince et qui l’aurait écrit en 1796. Cependant, la linguiste française, Marie-Christine Hazaël-Massieux, grande spécialiste des créoles français, signale qu’il existe un texte écrit en créole mais intitulé  en français  : «  La Passion de Notre Seigneur selon St. Jean en langage nègre  ». Mme Hazaël-Massieux le situe entre 1720 et 1740 et signale que c’est un texte anonyme sujet à controverses cependant en raison de sa haute cohérence et de la variété de créole dans laquelle il est écrit. On retrouve des textes écrits en créole durant toute la seconde moitié du XVIIIème siècle, en particulier Jeannot et Thérèse, (1758), Lettre en patois créole de Marc-Antoine De Wailly à sa tante Hecquet (écrite le 9 juillet 1772), Voyage d’un Suisse dans diverses colonies d’Amérique pendant la dernière guerre (Justin Girod de Chantrans) et surtout les proclamations révolutionnaires de Polverel et Sonthonax, le 5 mai 1793, le 2 juillet 1793 et le 11 juillet 1793. On rappellera aussi la fameuse proclamation de St. Domingue datée du 17 Brumaire an 10 (le 7 novembre 1802) et signée de Bonaparte. A partir de 1804, quand Saint-Domingue conquit son Indépendance de la France et reçut le nom d’Haïti, les écrits créoles se multiplièrent. Cependant, la majorité de ces textes créoles provenait d’auteurs guadeloupéens et martiniquais sauf deux

textes de Juste Chanlatte, écrivain haïtien comme l’on sait. Ces 2 textes sont  : « Entrée du roi en sa capitale » (1818) et « La partie de Chasse du Roi » (1820 ?). Ensuite, il a fallu attendre Oswald Durand et son fameux poème «  Choucoune  » (1896) pour voir un écrivain haïtien se servir de la langue créole pour produire des textes «  littéraires  ». Suivront un peu plus tard «  Lion aq Bourrique  » (1896) du même Oswald Durand, « Chatt, Cochon, ac Malfini  » (1901), «  Còbeau ac Reinna » (1901), « Conmè la-Cigal ac Sò Fronmi » (1901). Tous ces poèmes ont paru dans le recueil «  Cric-Crac  » écrit par Georges Sylvain en 1901. Oswald Durand a écrit en 1902 le poème « Guepe ak’ marin-gouin  » et Massillon Coicou «  O zaut  ‘qu’ape souffri  » et «  Plenyen Yon Esklav » apparemment en 1904. L’orthographe créole de ces poèmes écrits par des poètes haïtiens révèle que l’écriture du créole a longtemps été le dernier des soucis des écrivains haïtiens. Pour eux, le créole pouvait s’écrire n’importe comment, et en tout cas, devait demeurer très proche du français. Les irrégularités et les incohérences orthographiques pleuvent dans les textes de Georges Sylvain, Oswald Durand ou Massillon Coicou. Par exemple, dans le poème «  Guepe ak’ marin-gouin  », Durand écrit «  marin-gouin  » dans le titre alors que dans le corps du poème, il écrit «  Maringouin  »  ; dans la troisième strophe, il écrit «  Li ouè sô guêpe  !  » alors que dans la 5ème strophe, il écrit

«  guèpe  ». Dans la 8ème strophe de ce même poème, il écrit « yo gros con’ jamb’ moin  » mais, un vers plus loin, il écrit « rass’moins l’en guinin… ». Une petite «  révolution  » dans le domaine orthographique éclata en Haïti vers 1940 quand un pasteur irlandais du nom de Ormonde McConnell proposa un système graphique du créole haïtien. Dans son désir d’«  évangéliser  » les masses haïtiennes, McConnell qui traduisait la Bible en créole avait ressenti la nécessité d’un système orthographique créole indépendant du français et présentant un « ensemble structuré et cohérent ». McConnell ne le faisait pas pour les beaux yeux du peuple haïtien. En fait, il inaugurait une tradition religieuse américaine ou anglo-saxonne qui se servait de l’aveuglement religieux des populations haïtiennes pour leur faire croire naïvement tout ce que les tenants des différentes religions chrétiennes voulaient leur faire avaler. McConnell a introduit pour la première fois en Haïti une orthographe créole systématique, consistante, et régulière, mais tout à fait désarçonnante pour les intellectuels haïtiens. L’orthographe de McConnell était basée sur l’alphabet phonétique international (API). L’alphabet phonétique international a vu le jour en 1889 et a été créé par un groupe de phonéticiens européens. Il représente aujourd’hui le système d’écriture le plus largement utilisé dans le monde pour la transcription des sons see HUGUES on page 9


The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

Haiti Taps Prince Charles Charity for City Makeover PORT-AU-PRINCE (Reuters) – Haiti has asked an architectural planning charity founded by Britain's Prince Charles to help guide the rebuilding and makeover of the earthquake-devastated historic center of Port-au-Prince. The Center Ville area of the capital, the commercial and administrative heart of the Caribbean nation, was one of the worst hit by the catastrophic January 12 quake, which turned many of its shops and landmark buildings to rubble. Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive said Haiti had sought help from the charity foundation of the 61-year-old heir to the British throne, who has stirred controversy with his criticism of modern architecture, to draw up a master plan for the harmonious reconstruction of downtown Port-auPrince. ”The contact has already been made, there is an informal agreement, we have to formalize all that,” Bellerive told Reuters this week. He said Haiti was seeking a ”coherent” rebuilding plan from The Prince's Foundation for the Built Environment, which would work on the project with urban planners Duany Plater-Zyberk & Com-

pany, based in Miami, Washington and Charlotte, N.C. ”They have the experience,” he said. The Port-au-Prince city center makeover is part of a national recovery strategy that seeks to ”decompress” Haiti's hilly capital, which even before the quake was a chaotic, overcrowded warren of streets clogged with vendors, vehicles and pedestrians. ”I hope that we're going to see Portau-Prince as a huge construction field,” Haitian central bank governor Charles Castel said, adding that funds freed up by an International Monetary Fund (IMF) cancellation of $268 million of debt would help in the reconstruction of the city's administrative heart. An army of resilient street hawkers quickly returned to the traditionally bustling Port-au-Prince downtown area after the quake, which killed up to 300,000 people and devastated the economy of what was already the poorest state in the Americas. They have laid out their wares again -everything from fruit, food and vehicle and electrical spare parts to voodoo paraphernalia -- alongside or on top of mounds of crumbled debris which narrow the streets

Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive

for vehicles and pedestrians. But much still lies in ruins, and key buildings like the Haitian parliament, the Justice Palace and the 19th Century Iron Market were either destroyed or damaged. RESTORATION OF PALACE, MARKET A note on the Prince's Foundation website said the UK charity had been asked to ”create a guiding vision” to rebuild a

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central area of 25 city blocks of central Port-au-Prince. This would cover homes, streets, public spaces and amenities. ”We hope to play a small part in bringing hope and benefit to the city by maintaining its authentic character, reducing its environmental impact and helping train local people in construction skills that equip them for future employment,” foundation chief executive Hank Dittmar said in a statement. Prince Charles advocates traditional planning and building techniques and said recently he had ”a passion for reusing things and repairing things.” He has often blasted modern architecture projects, calling them eyesores that do not take into account the living needs of ordinary people. Port-au-Prince's downtown area lies behind the damaged remains of the domed, white-painted Haitian presidential palace built at the beginning of the last century, which partially collapsed in the January 12 earthquake. Former colonial ruler France has agreed to draw up a study for rebuilding the palsee CONSTRUCTION on page 23

Recovery School District's Vallas Aided Post-quake Reform in Haiti As he weighed an invitation to help design a public education system for earthquake-ravaged Haiti, Paul Vallas saw one major sticking point. Keeping the New Orleans schools, themselves still recovering from Hurricane Katrina, on the right track while he was in Haiti? No, that was not the problem on the Recovery School District superintendent's mind. Having enough time and energy to devote to Haiti on top of his full-time job leading the recovery of New Orleans' public schools? No. With his hyperkinetic pacing, Vallas squeezes a lot into a day. The issue was Vallas' crippling fear of flying. Other than a slow boat, flying is the only way to get to the impoverished Caribbean nation, and Vallas had not boarded an airplane in almost two decades. But he decided he had to lend his expertise to a country where only half the children were attending school even before the catastrophic January earthquake that killed 230,000 people. Vallas has now made seven or eight trips to Haiti - using vacation time or unpaid leave - since he began his unpaid job there in February. ”There's a real opportunity here. I can taste it, ” Vallas said. ”That is why I've flown so many times.” The parallels to New Orleans are obvious. There, as here, the schools were in dire straits even before disaster struck. There, as here, the international attention that the disaster focused on destroyed homes, schools and lives has helped provide a chance to build something new. But as bad as the pre-Katrina New Orleans schools were, at least the city had a public school system available to all children. In Haiti, 90 percent of schools are private. Most families cannot afford tuition, so children go uneducated. As a result, only half the population can read and write.

'A Profound Impact' As a leading architect of the $4.2 billion education plan presented to the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission in August, Vallas was not so much remaking a school system as creating one from scratch. He does not expect to be heavily involved in implementing the plan, but he will continue to visit Haiti. The plan envisions that a combination of international donations and increased government support will allow most students to attend school for free or for nominal fees. Most schools are likely to remain private, but they would receive subsidies in exchange for reducing tuition, implementing a national curriculum and improving their facilities. In an 18-month ”quick start” phase, subsidies would allow about 300,000 children Paul Vallas not currently enrolled to attend school, while tuition would be reduced for others. The country also would overhaul its school, ” Clinton said in August. Disaster specialist university and vocational school programs Since arriving in New Orleans three years and launch a national literacy campaign. ”The plan is very ambitious. The fund- ago, Vallas has presided over the unpreceing goals may be too ambitious, ” Vallas dented decentralization of the city's public said. ”But the bottom line is, if we achieve schools. Nearly three-quarters are now three-quarters or half of it, we'll have a independently managed charters. In June, he called a news conprofound impact on the to explain his country.” The bottom line is, ference role in Haiti and quash Former U.S. President Bill Clinton, coif we achieve three- rumors that he would immediately leave his chairman of the Recovquarters or half of it, $260,000-a-year New ery Commission with Orleans job, which he Haitian Prime Minister we'll have a profound does plan to step away Jean-Max Bellerive, by the end of this is working to make impact on the country. from school year. He emphasure that donors folsized that his visits to low through on their the island were on his pledges. The Inter-American Development Bank, own time and that he would not be paid which invited Vallas to work on the proj- for his efforts. Considering the help New Orleans has ect, has committed to raising $500 million received from volunteers nationwide and for the Haitian education overhaul. ”We want every child in Haiti to be able worldwide since Katrina, it is only fitting to go to school and get a good education that people here give back, Vallas said. Vallas' boss, state Superintendent of for the first time ever, and get a meal in

Education Paul Pastorek, said he endorses the Haiti involvement as long as it does not take away from Vallas' main job. The bulk of Vallas' travels took place during summer break, Pastorek said, and New Orleans' charter-heavy school system does not require constant hands-on management. ”In this case, we have a country in extremis, and we should look for ways to help, ” Pastorek said. ”The good thing about Paul is he's built an organization that doesn't require him to be around there every day, all day to respond to circumstances.” Vallas' services as a post-disaster education consultant are so in demand - and his newfound ability to board an airplane so entrenched – that he also traveled to Chile after a recent earthquake there. At a recent education forum in New York, NBC News anchor Brian Williams joked that Vallas' presence was a sign that something terrible had happened. ”If you see this guy arrive in your town, you have a problem,” Williams said. The story was first published by TimesPicayune


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The Haitian Times

Immigration Advocates Target GOP In DREAM Act Ads To mobilize Hispanic voters in November, big labor and advocates of liberal efforts at overhauling immigration laws have announced a $300,000 ad campaign attacking Republican Senators for blocking passage of the so-called DREAM Act. The ad will air on Spanish-language radio stations in Arizona, Florida, Nevada and other states with large Latino populations. The effort was conceived and funded by the Service Employees International Union, Mi Familia Vota and America's Voice, which say the $300,000 is the most ever spent on a Spanish-language radio campaign by groups such as theirs to make their case on immigration. A solid Hispanic turnout could tip a number of close races, but Latinos, like many other voters who traditionally lean toward Democratic candidates, have yet to strongly engage in this election season. Because Latinos overwhelmingly support efforts to overhaul the nation's immigration laws, organizers hope the ad campaign can shake them from their malaise. The DREAM Act became ready fodder when it died in the Senate on Sept. 22 after Democrats failed to get a single Republi-

can to vote in support, including among from Republicans who had favored the measure in the past. ”For us, it really starts with the sense that fixing the economy requires fixing or reforming our broken immigration system,” SEUI spokesman Teddy Davis says. ”We need to stop exploiting our undocumented workers or it's going to drag down the floor on all workers. So it has an impact on everyone.” The DREAM Act would establish a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants younger than 36 who arrived in the United States as children, have lived here for five years or more, and are attending college or serving in the military. More than 800,000 of the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants in the nation could have been eligible. The Defense Department has said the act could help it maintain ”a mission-ready, all-volunteer force.” Versions of the bill have been debated in Congress over the past decade and previously received the support of several Republican senators, including John McCain of Arizona and Lindsey Graham

Immigration bill called jump-off point WASHINGTON, (UPI) - An 11th-hour immigration reform bill will be waiting for either the new Congress or the lameduck session after next month's elections, a sponsor said Sunday. The legislation will act as a launching point for the next debate on immigration, which has become an issue in the upcoming midterm vote, said Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J. ”You need something to jump off from,” Menendez said on CNN's ”State of the Union.”

Sen. John Cronyn, R-Texas, gave the idea a cool reception on CNN, calling immigration too important to be treated as a ”political football.” The bill was introduced after Menendez and his co-sponsors met with President Obama to urge immigration reform, The Hill said Sunday. Menendez said the bill included provisions that appeal to Republican in order to stimulate a serious debate. The story was first published on upi. com.

of South Carolina. But last week Republicans, in voting against it, accused Democrats of playing politics to curry favor with voters ahead of Election Day by attaching the legislation to a Defense appropriations bill. Also included was a repeal of the military’s ”don't ask, don't tell” policy that bars openly homosexual men and women from serving in the armed forces. Advocates of the DREAM Act legislation say last week's vote imperils chances for comprehensive immigration reform, particularly given the public acceptance of harsh laws for illegal immigrants recently passed in Arizona and gaining traction elsewhere. Congress's failure to act also opened the Democratic leadership and the Obama administration to criticism from Latinos within the party. ”There are no policies coming out of Washington as it relates to immigration,”

October 6-12, 2010

Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa, the first Hispanic to hold that office in his city, said in a meeting with NPR Tuesday in Washington. ”Washington has just completely abdicated its responsibility.” A Threat To Their Dream? The ad, which began airing earlier this week and will be heard on radio stations through this weekend, portrays Republicans as a threat to Latinos'  goal of achieving the American dream. ”What would you do if a group of politicians were denying your hopes, your dreams?” the ad’s narrator begins. While many Latino groups have expressed frustration with the Obama administration's inability to advance an overhaul of immigration laws, the ad makes a clear effort to insulate the president: ”President Obama, the armed forces, chambers of commerce, universities and see IMMIGRATION on page 23

Whitman, Brown Tangle on Immigration, Illegal Maid FRESNO, Calif., (AP) – GOP gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman and Democratic rival Jerry Brown traded barbs over immigration policy and Whitman's illegal immigrant housekeeper during a heated debate that was aimed at California's growing Latino population. Both candidates hoped to score points with the crucial voting bloc during Saturday's face-off, the first to air statewide on Spanish-language television. Whitman acknowledged early on that she cannot win the governor's race without Latino votes. Whitman had planned to use the debate at California State University, Fresno to move on from a controversy that has dominated headlines this week after it was revealed she had an illegal immigrant housekeeper for nine years. The billionaire former eBay chief executive, who has spent $119 million of her own money on the race, tried instead to focus on her campaign themes of creating jobs and improving the state's public school system. But with so much attention on issues related to immigration policy, Whitman was forced to explain her conservative positions while Brown had many opportu-

nities to bring up the housekeeper. When the debate moderator asked Whitman about her treatment of the worker, she accused Brown's campaign of orchestrating the controversy and sacrificing the maid ”on the altar of your political ambitions.” Brown fired back that Whitman has not taken responsibility and is not fit to be governor. ”Don't run for governor if you can't stand up on your own two feet and say, 'Hey I made a mistake,'” Brown said in a moment fraught with tension as the two candidates, neck-and-neck in the polls, turned away from the audience and faced each other directly. ”You have blamed her, blamed me, blamed the left, blamed the unions. But you don't take accountability.” Whitman's campaign has worked hard to win support among independents and Latinos, who are crucial to the campaign of any Republican running in a state in which Democrats hold a 13.4 percentage point edge among registered voters. But Democrats hope to exploit the housekeeper controversy as a way to question Whitman's character. Whitman fired the woman in June 2009, immediately after she said she found out the house-

Meg Whitman and Democratic rival Jerry Brown

keeper was in the country illegally. She then refused to help when the woman asked for help pursuing legal residency. Whitman said the decision was the right one at the time. She said she had no reason to believe the housekeeper, Nicky Diaz Santillan, was illegal, and had to act within the law. ”We hired Nicky because she had all the

appropriate documents, we went through a hiring agency, and then in June of 2009 she came to me to tell me that she was here illegally and did not have the appropriate documents,” she said. ”I made the hardest decision I have almost made in my life, which was to let her go. ... So it broke my heart. It see MAID on page 23


October 6-12, 2010

More than 10 million New Teachers Needed to Fill Education Goals, UN Warns The United Nations marked World Teachers’ Day Oct. 5 with top officials calling on governments to make up a projected deficit of over 10 million teachers by 2015 and stressing the crucial role teachers play in recovery from natural disasters and conflict. “Without sufficient numbers of welltrained and professionally motivated teachers, we risk falling short of the promise made 10 years ago at the World Education Forum to the world’s children and youth [of education for all by 2015], because teachers are at the heart of the education system,” the heads of four major UN agencies said. UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) DirectorGeneral Irina Bokova, UN Development Programme (UNDP) Administrator Helen Clark, UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Executive Director Anthony Lake and International Labour Organizations (ILO) Director-General Juan Somavia issued the joint statement. “Low status, low salary and poor working conditions infringe on the rights of teachers whilst discouraging talented young people from joining and remaining in the teaching profession. The situation must be redressed at a time when the world needs an estimated 10.3 million new teachers to reach internationally-agreed education targets by 2015,” they added. They stressed that teachers offer continuity and reassurance, both during and after natural disasters and other crises, by

giving hope for the future and providing structure and a sense of normalcy and much-needed psychosocial support to ease the trauma of youngsters who have witnessed extreme violence or lived through destruction of their homes and the loss of family members, a major focus of the Day’s main celebration at UNESCO headquarters in Paris. This year’s theme is ‘Recovery begins with teachers,’ and in a discussion teachers from Haiti, Israel, Lesotho, Mali, Laos and France shared their experiences in dealing with crisis. A presentation of the latest statistics on the global teacher shortage and the opening of a photo exhibition on teachers who work in particularly daunting conditions also marked the Day. In addition to teachers’ testimonies about supporting recovery from natural disasters, HIV/AIDS, conflict and violence, other presentations covered such topics as promoting excellence in teaching and accelerating teacher development through new technologies. In their messages the UN agency chiefs

returned repeatedly to the need to honour teachers for their critical role in society. “We appeal to governments, communities, national and international institutions worldwide to renew their commitment towards teachers, particularly in the poorest countries and those affected by conflict or disasters,” they declared.

The Haitian Times

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“Recovery begins with teachers. We can best honour teachers by giving them decent working conditions to fulfil their mission of preparing the younger generation to become responsible citizens, equipped with the knowledge and skills to shape a sustainable future,” they concluded.

Haitian Youth Back-To-School Protesters Demand Safer To Support New Building In Quake-Shattered Haitian Capital Candidate PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti, (UPI) -Supporters of hip hop artist Wyclef Jean's bid for the Haitian presidency say they're backing a new candidate after Jean was ruled ineligible for the ballot. Members of the grass-roots movement Jen Kore Jen (Youth supporting Youth) that gathered around Jean say they'll throw their support behind Jude Celestin, a 48-year-old, Swiss-educated mechanical engineer, The Miami Herald reported Monday. Outgoing President Rene Preval, who has served two non-consecutive, five-year presidential terms and is constitutionally barred from seeking a third, has endorsed Celestin, the former head of the country's road-building department. ”(Celestin) is the youth whom we were searching for; what Wyclef Jean symbolized -- the future, hope for our youth -- that is what Jude Celestin symbolizes,” Jen Kore Jen leader Gary Bodeau told the Herald. The Haitian-born Jean, who is not ruling out a 2015 presidential bid, said he would remain neutral in the race for now. ”Every candidate wants to talk and with open ears we are listening. It's too early for me to make that decision. I am still in the process of listening to everybody,” he said.

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti (AP) - Several dozen students clashed with U.N. peacekeepers and Haitian police as children began returning to school across Haiti's quake-addled capital on Monday. At least 30 protesters gathered at the education ministry to demand that authorities either repair a quake-damaged school building or provide students with an alternative building. Some blocked city streets and threw rocks at cars. Authorities fired tear gas to disperse the crowd.

“My kids don't go to school because I don't have any money to send them, or even pay for a taxi to get there,” The U.S. Embassy warned American citizens to avoid the neighbourhood where the demonstration took place. Elsewhere, parents struggled to scrape together funds for what is supposed to be the first full school year since the Jan. 12 quake. The disaster destroyed more than 80 per cent of the dilapidated, mostly private school infrastructure in the capital. School was almost universally cancelled

after the quake, opening only briefly months later to finish out part of the year. But even before that the system was a failure. Only half of Haiti's children were enrolled at any given time, attending mostly fly-by-night, for-profit storefront schools in unsafe buildings. More than a year before the quake a hillside school collapsed on its own in a Petionville slum, killing 100 students and adults. Meanwhile just one in 10 Haitian teach-

ers was a qualified educator — a third haven't even completed ninth grade, according to the Inter-American Development Bank. ”(My kids) don't go to school because I don't have any money to send them, or even pay for a taxi to get there,” said Alicia Louis, a mother of five living in a Petionville homeless camp. The IADB has pledged to raise $500 million to rebuild and improve the system.


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The Haitian Times

EDITORIALS/OPINIONS

Redefining Failure in Haiti

“This used to be a beautiful place, but and Mr. Hudson agree is that the Haitian these people are tearing up the property,” government and the international commusaid Jim Hudson, a Church of God mis- nity need to find a more or less permanent sionary living at the site. “They’re urinat- solution to the displaced problem. Some ing on it. They’re bathing out in public. analysts say that the UN and Haitian govThey’re stealing electricity. And they don’t ernment have not move to resettle these work. They sit around all day, waiting for people largely because they need them to vote in next month’s presidential election. handouts.” Without the homeless around Port-auThis quote was from Tuesday’s New York Times article by Deborah Sontag Prince, the logistics of voting become about the displaced people in Port-au- even more complicated after many voting Prince. It is not often we comment on age people lost their lives or lost their ID people’s opinions but this statement seems cards. Continuing democratic process is particularly harsh coming from a supposed more important at this point than dealing Christian person. While we understand the with the homeless. We agree with this assessment and we frustration of some private property owners who have seen their property overran find it dangerous. This is not a either or situation. The by the victims of the twin goals can be January earthquake, such vile language is The Haitian government met simultaneously. The longer the govunacceptable. We are and the international ernment keep the calling on Mr. Hudhomeless in public son’s church to investigate whether or not community need to find a and private locales, the more difficult it the quote attributed to him is accurate and more or less permanent would be to resettle if so to take some solution to the displaced them. The thousands of people who disciplinary actions call the Champ de against him. problem. Mars home are so We’re by no means, entrenched that advocating disciplinthey’ve begun to ing someone for their opinion, but when you look at his state- build more permanent structure on the ment, it is laden with racist undertone and country’s largest square. This difficult and complicated task is probably wanted to call these destitute people animals. We understand that the being punted to the next president and we people are living in squalor, frankly this believe that’s unfair. The education and is one of these times where we can safely preparation for more permanent abode is say that it’s not their fault. Mr. Hudson the responsibility of this current administalks about them not working. Is he seri- tration. While we’re not saying they will ous? Where are they supposed to get jobs finish the task by February, when the new in a country that had an unemployment president will be inaugurated, it should lay rate of more than 80 percent before the the foundation for such a move. What is frustrating is that the internaearthquake. How would Mr. Hudson feels if we were tional community and the Haitian governto paint the whole missionary community ment appear to be at a standstill and don’t as a bunch of hypocrites who are forcing know what direction to take once the initial their religion on people in exchange for crisis reaction has passed. In the aftermath of this calamity everya plate of food and that they are racist interlopers in countries where they can feel one was saying the right thing and there was hope that Haiti could turn this disassuperior than the locals. Obviously this is not an accurate picture ter into an opportunity for a fresh start. of the missionary work, but that’s exactly Unfortunately, nine months later, we’re what Mr. Hudson is portraying. Where we not so sure.

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October 6-12, 2010

Nigeria’s terror bombing… what a shame Under The

Radar

By Max A. Joseph Jr.

By virtue of its large population and abundant mineral resources, Nigeria was advertized as a giant and upcoming Africa’s Superpower upon getting its independence from Britain on September 29, 1960. Those claims however turned out to be shallow, as the events of the last fifty years demonstrated. Military coups, endemic corruption, ethnic and religious conflicts and increasing poverty certainly nullify this rosy scenario. Thus September 29, 2010 which was to be a milestone for Nigeria turned into a nightmare when the festivities commemorating that country’s 50th year of political independence from Great Britain were interrupted by twin car bombings that left 12 dead and dozens injured. Unless Black people in general have a peculiar way of commemorating special events, (it reminds me of the sabotaging of Haiti’s bi-centennial by impenitent thugs at the behest of foreign entities), this behavior is unquestionably abnormal and hard to comprehend. Understandably MEND, (Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta), the group behind the bombings has legitimate grievances against the central government. It is fighting for a fairer distribution of oil revenue and remedial from sustained environmental degradation of the Niger Delta that endangers the livelihood of thousands of farmers and fishermen. As Nigeria remains mired in corruption and successive administrative failures, the statement released by the group is regrettably true ”For 50 years, the people of the Niger Delta have had their land and resources stolen from them.” “There is nothing worth celebrating after 50 years of failure.” Perhaps the impenitent Haitians who deliberately sabotaged the bi-centennial of their country’s hard fought independence and facilitated its occupation (2004-?) were thinking along those lines. Regardless of the justness of their cause, the act was self-centered and ill-timed; those responsible should, upon their capture, be hanged high in Abuja’s Eagle Square. Two days after the bombings, Henry Okah, the ex-leader of MEND, who was freed from a Nigerian prison on humanitarian grounds in July 2009 and moved to South Africa, was arrested by that country’s police. He is facing terrorism charges in connection with the bombing. The group’s unjustifiable action clearly shows that ethnic pride supersedes national interests; it validates the viewpoint of many within and outside of Nigeria that the prematurely named Africa’s Superpower, as presently constituted, cannot conceivably survive as a functional and stable country. Even Muhammad Khaddafi, a passionate advocate of a political union grouping all African states, flaunted the idea of a partition of Nigeria as a solution to its intractable religious problems. The statement ema-

nated from the Nigerian Foreign Ministry in response to Khaddafi’s unsolicited advice was swift and unforgiving: ”The insensitive and oftentimes irresponsible utterances of Colonel Gaddafi, his theatrics and grandstanding at every auspicious occasion have become too numerous to recount. These have diminished his status and credibility as a leader to be taken seriously.” Khaddafi’s comment may be undiplomatic, but it highlights an issue that can no longer be ignored. The 196770 Biafra War (the Igbo seceded from Nigeria to form an independent state) is an example of what the country could be facing in the near future. Actually Nigeria is, like all Sub-Saharan countries, fundamentally dysfunctional and should not exist in its present form. A creation of European colonialism, Nigeria is a mosaic of more than 250 ethnic groups, each with its own language and customs, with the largest being the Hausa in the north, the Yoruba and the Igbo in the South, East and Southeastern parts of the country. Though English, the language of the former colonizer, superficially holds this nation together, it is far from being the required solution because it is spoken mostly by the affluent and educated. These facts notwithstanding, the country has to deal with periodic tribal, regional, sectarian and religious violence which certainly make the case for its dismemberment into separate entities. Barring such ideal solution, Nigeria’s problems will endure for centuries because the ethnic and religious divide can never be bridged. Therefore, the concept of Nigeria becoming the Superpower of Africa in the year 2000 was utopian, as the country was from its inception fundamentally flawed and could never develop a national identity commensurate with the title. Case in point, 50 years after British rule ended, Nigerian barristers and judges still wear white wigs, the colonial era symbol of the authority of the Court. Although the custom is still in use in many Commonwealth countries, Nigeria, one of the leading African nations thus representative of the Continent and its Diaspora, could have discarded this colonial vestige as it is truly a pathetic sight seeing a Black person wearing that wig. More to the point, South Africa, by virtue of its economic and industrial might, has eclipsed Nigeria as the leading African nation and the most likely to get a permanent seat in the U.N Security Council, if that club of powerful nations ever gets an overhaul. Today’s Nigeria is known to the rest of world as a nation beset by religious and ethnic violence and inhabited by fraudsters and corrupt politicians. In a report released last year, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimated that 400 billion of dollars were stolen from Nigeria’s treasury during that country’s five decades of independence. Considering the rolling black-outs and Nigeria’s decrepit infrastructure, this astronomical sum could certainly have been used to better end. Perhaps, the insurgents of the Niger Delta have decided that is enough is enough, the timing of their actions is unjustifiable nevertheless. Contact Joseph at djougan@yahoo.com


The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

Redefining Failure in Haiti Ilio's

Odyssey

By Ilio Durandis

Last week, I wrote about the urgent need to stop financing failing methodologies in Haiti. I elaborated on the fact that many of the actors currently involved in the reconstruction of Haiti are profiting from the country’s lack of progress, hence benefiting a great deal in the failure of all institutions within the country. I received a detailed email from a reader, which stated that rubble’s removal is a much easier task than, let’s say, drafting educational policies or giving access to healthcare or even solving the unemployment issue. The reader added that rubble’s removal does not require a college graduate to do the job, but rather money, heavy-equipments, a dumping site, and the workers are all that’s needed to get it done. And unfortunately, even that cannot be executed by those in charge. The reader’s comments left me wondering about not just how people are taking advantage of the failing system in Haiti, but also how failure in itself needs to be redefined in the Haitian context. If people are living under the tents for eight months with no end in sight, and no one has yet to elucidate on a plan to relocate them, should that be considered failure? If we have all those neighborhoods filled of rubbles and streets nearly

un-drivable, should that be seen as failure? If we have all those people in the penitentiary, and most of them have yet to know what the charges against them are, should we see that as failure? How about, if we examined the conditions of the “restaveks” young children, who usually live with someone other than, their immediate family; or we analyzed the working conditions in some of the factories. On the surface and by the standard of anyone who are not used with these archaic practices would rightfully consider all of these examples as failures, but are all Haitians see them the same way. It is one thing to talk about failure, but it is a completely different situation to actually define what failure really is. Many people in Haiti have such low expectations about what their government should represent, what the private industry should offer, and even what their role within the society should be that defining failure is often done through a personal optics. What some people clearly see as failure others would claim it is progress. For example, almost everyone affected by the January 12th earthquake would say that they have not seen any progress, as far as the reconstruction is concerned, but in many occasions, we have heard our Prime Minister and the UN special envoy to our country proclaiming that “something” is working in Haiti. They would often allude to how many tents that international nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) have distributed, how many pocket of ready to eat meals they have handed out and so forth to claim that progress is being made.

In that scope, it is not hard to understand that failure can only be analyzed in the eyes of the beholder. Failure in Haiti is not only qualitative, meaning something that we can only observe through the living conditions of the people. It is important to add the quan-

Again, the international community is ready to throw money at failing propositions without a clear analysis of how to reverse the failures to success. titative aspect to the failure of Haiti. It is not enough to say that Haiti is the poorest nation in the western Hemisphere, that’s a qualitative statement. It would be more beneficial to policy makers, if instead we said that 80% of Haiti’s population does not have direct access to clean, potable water, or that more than half-million children of school age are out of school. This is putting poverty in perspective, and it could help put a dollar-value per person in order to address systemic failure. After January 12th, the leaders of the reconstruction came out with a draft to rebuild Port-Au-Prince and sometimes they vaguely referred to it as the plan to rebuild Haiti. Analyzing the document, I cannot clearly understand how they come

7

up with their total. It is not clear how much it will take per family to change each family impoverish conditions. At the core of the plan, it seems like someone realized the destruction was just too much, it must be in the billions. Now, Haitian officials do not talk of millions any longer, it’s all about billions. Again, the international community is ready to throw money at failing propositions without a clear analysis of how to reverse the failures to success. We must understand why failure has become so chronic in Haiti. We must define the failure that we are talking about because if we do not have a consensus of what failure is, then how can we have a consensus to address the issue. It should no longer be doing business as usual, where an expert or a lifer in Haitian politics say gives me the money and I will do “this” and “that.” People need to be quick to press the pause button, and ask questions: The doing “this” and “that” will solve what, and how exactly are you going to do the “this” and “that”? We must all agree on exactly what is currently being failed in Haiti, and from my perspective it all starts with the way the country is being governed. We have a governance failure, where there is no one responsible for anything. And as one of my readers mentioned in the email, we do not even have a responsible agency for removal of the rubble. This is a failure from the authorities and also a failure from the people for accepting to live in these conditions as if tomorrow is going to get better. Last I check, in Haiti, tomorrow has always gotten worst. Contact Ilio at Ilio@zanmi.com.

New York Dems in Danger? If you've been following the New York Senate polls closely for the last year, you've noticed that Democratic Senator Kirsten Gillibrand has been hovering around 50 percent for most of the past two years. This is dangerous territory for any incumbent to be in - by my count, only three incumbents in the last three years who averaged less than 50 percent in August polling have gone on to win in November. But it was still something of a surprise when a flurry of likely voter polls taken shortly after the September 14 primary showed a very close race. A Rasmussen Reports poll showed Gillibrand leading Republican Joseph DioGuardi by 10 points, 49 percent to 39 percent. Quinnipiac and SurveyUSA showed Gillibrand with 6- and 1-point leads. Marist weighed in with a poll showing Gillibrand up 11 points, but among registered voters who described themselves as ”very enthusiastic” about voting, Gillibrand actually trailed DioGuardi, 52 percent to 43 percent. So what are we to make of this? Could Gillibrand actually lose this race? Let's be clear up front: A straight-up Republican win would be unheard of. No Democratic senator has ever been defeated for re-election in the Empire State, and the last time a non-Democrat won an open seat in New York in a two-way race was in 1958. The typical formula for a nonDemocratic win in New York is to have a Republican running on the Liberal Party

line who splits the anti-Republican vote with the Democrat; this is in part how Alfonse D'Amato and James Buckley won their Senate races. This won't happen this year - there isn't even an independent Liberal Party in New York anymore. Nevertheless, it is certainly possible for DioGuardi to pull off the upset, though I certainly would require some decent odds before taking the bet. DioGuardi would need to make the final results a little better than what is presently showing up in SurveyUSA's crosstabs. I think he can do this. The Candidates Let's start by looking at the candidates. Most people who talk about Joe DioGuardi refer to him as the father of former American Idol judge Kara DioGuardi, but he's not a complete outsider to the political game. DioGuardi, a C.P.A., represented what was at the time a D+2 district in Westchester County for two terms in Congress, before falling to now-Representative Nita Lowey in 1988. During his two terms he compiled a solidly conservative voting record. Though he is a social conservative, his efforts focused on balancing the budget and other economic matters. After losing to Lowey, DioGuardi twice waged third-party campaigns against moderate Republican Sue Kelly in the 1990s, but was unsuccessful in both attempts. Kirsten Gillibrand brings a lot to the table. She's young, energetic, and hails from the Republicans' base in upstate New York. She upset Republican Congressman

John Sweeney in 2006, and held the seat handily in 2008. She compiled a moderate voting record while representing upstate, which could have prepared her for a solid general election run. But Gillibrand had to tack left once she was appointed to replace Hillary Rodham Clinton. And the appointment process itself was problematic. After all, it left her with the imprimatur of deeply unpopular Governor David Paterson. She's now in an awkward position - tied to an unpopular governor and without a real base to rely upon in the general election. Upstate Unfortunately, it isn't clear from the SurveyUSA writeup where the dividing line between Western New York (presumably Rochester and Buffalo) and ”upstate” is, so I am averaging them and dealing with them as a single unit. According to SurveyUSA, DioGuardi is presently winning upstate New York roughly 48 percent to 40 percent. I actually think this is the least likely of the numbers that SurveyUSA has released. Upstate New York used to be the hub of the state Republican Party - the fight on election night was between upstate Republicans and New York City Democrats. But over the years, upstate shifted toward the Democrats. In 2004, George W. Bush and John Kerry tied upstate (about 1,000 votes separated them). In 2008, Barack Obama carried it with 53 percent to John McCain's 47 percent.

Moreover, Gillibrand hails from upstate. While I don't think she's a well enough established figure to move the numbers in her direction all that significantly, she would probably outperform a typical Democrat there, at least in her old district. Nevertheless, given the national mood, it is not impossible to see upstate returning to its Republican roots this election. Obviously DioGuardi is unlikely to carry inner Buffalo or Rochester, but at the same time the longstanding economic malaise that has affected the region is likely pointed directly at the Democrats now. It really isn't that hard to imagine that the political environment alone could propel DioGuardi to a number four points better than Bush managed in the district: roughly the numbers that George H.W. Bush managed in 1988. City SurveyUSA also has DioGuardi trailing in NYC 35 percent to 54 percent. One very smart blogger at Beyond the Polls assembled a chart of GOP performances in New York City over the past sixteen years, and concluded that it was ”difficult to see any realistic scenario under which DioGuardi could get 35% of the vote in New York City.” A racial map of NYC precincts shows the following. Blue represents African Americans, green denotes Hispanics, and red signifies Whites. You'll first notice how see DEMS on page 11


8

The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

CChheecckk UUss OOuut t! !

T h e New N e w HaitianTimes.com H a i t i a n T i m e s . co m The The Haitian Times website has more features and functions than ever before. •Daily local and international news updates •Online Forum •Comments on Articles •Advertising packages for small businesses

And watch for the Haitian Times photo/news archive, coming soon!

AITIAN TIME H S THE

BRIDGING THE GAP

4 9 5 F l a t b u s h A v e . • B r o o k l y n N Y 11 2 2 5


October 6-12, 2010

Haiti Food Aid Hurting Local Farmers – Report A massive influx of free foreign food to Haiti after January's earthquake helped feed many displaced people, but undercut Haitian agriculture and hurt farmers' incomes, Oxfam International said Monday. The international community has put too much emphasis on donating food to the rebuilding nation instead of developing Haiti's agriculture-based economy, it said in a report. ”Currently, U.S. rice subsidies and inkind food aid undercut Haitian farmers at the same time as the U.S. government is investing in Haitian agricultural development,” said Philippe Mathieu, Oxfam's director for Haiti. ”The international community must abandon these conflicting trade and aid policies in order to support the growth of Haiti's fragile rural economy.” The catastrophic January 12 temblor, which killed as many as 300,000 people, devastated the economy of what was already the poorest state in the Americas and turned much of the capital, Port-auPrince, into rubble. The U.S. Agency for International Development has a five-year, $126 million

Hugues

continued from page 2

d’une langue. Dans l’alphabet phonétique international, chaque signe correspond toujours au même son et inversement. Il permet d’éliminer dans l’orthographe du créole des situations d’écriture qui peuvent prêter à confusion. Par exemple, en français, on trouve des situations

A Travers Haiti continued from page 2

l´Ambassade Haïtienne, William Exantus. M. Moreno a affirmé que cette contribution permettra de soulager Haïti de toutes ses obligations de dette envers la BID. ” Cela permettra de libérer des millions en aide pour le développement à Haïti, sans créer aucune charge future pour un pays qui fait face à d'énormes défis”, a-t-il insisté. De son coté, Mme Brainard a assuré que les Etats-Unis sont en train de fournir de l'aide en effectif pour améliorer les conditions de vie du peuple Haïtien. En conformité avec l'accord

The Haitian Times

9

(£79.6 million) program to support the rural population outside Port-au-Prince, and in August introduced two grants to help Haitian families buy local food. But a ban on direct assistance to industries that compete with U.S. exports -known as the Bumpers Amendment -- and extensive exports to Haiti of rice, sugar and poultry undermined an agricultural sector that was largely ignored by foreign donors and the Haitian government even before the quake, the report said. The aid community has also not agreed to provide resources to support a $772 million agriculture plan put forth by the Haitian government after the temblor, according to the report. A spokesman for USAID said the organisation was balancing the short-term needs of Haitians with longer-term support for agriculture infrastructure development. ”USAID is using multiple tools to provide life-saving food to Haitians in the short term, while simultaneously building and strengthening Haiti's agriculture sector in the long term,” the spokesman said. Oxfam's report calls for full support of the agricultural redevelopment plan, including enhancements that focus on

building up community organizations, improving schools and healthcare and providing other services in rural areas. ”There are no schools, or poor schools, in rural areas, no jobs, very poor or no healthcare,” Marc Cohen, the report's author, told Reuters. He said about 75,000 people leave rural areas and move to Portau-Prince every year.

”Unless you invest not only in agriculture but also in rural development, you won't have people stay in rural areas,” Cohen said. The report also proposes making Haiti an exception to the Bumpers Amendment and extending duty- and quota-free access to U.S. markets to Haitian goods.

où un phonème peut recevoir plusieurs graphies possibles, par exemple, le phonème (son) [o] peut s’écrire : eau, ot, aud, aut, aux, etc., ou bien une graphie peut s’accommoder de plusieurs réalisations phonétiques possibles, par exemple, la lettre s peut être réalisée phonétiquement avec un [s] ou un [z]. L’orthographe de McConnell se sert de dix-huit symboles de l’API qui sont : a b d f g i k l m

n o p r s t v w z et qui conservent la valeur qu’ils possèdent à l’API. Mais, huit autres symboles n’ont pratiquement rien à voir avec l’API et leur valeur est proche de l’alphabet français. Ce sont  : ch é è gn j ou u y. Finalement, quatre symboles sont des créations de McConnell lui-même  : Ce sont  : ô â ê ò. (Déjean Yves, Comment écrire le créole d’Haïti 1980).

Comment la classe intellectuelle haïtienne accueillit-elle le système graphique proposé par McConnell  et quel a été l’impact de ce système sur l’orthographe de la langue créole haïtienne  ? La 3ème partie de cet ensemble explorera ces questions la semaine prochaine.

d'augmentation de capital de la BID, le gouvernement des Etats-Unis apporte une contribution à hauteur de 237,4 millions de dollars au Fonds pour opérations spéciales. Les 204 millions de dollars débloqués favoriseront l´annulation de la dette Haïtienne. La contribution permettra aussi à la BID de convertir en subventions environ 144 millions en prêts concessionnels non déboursés approuvés avant 2007 (date à laquelle Haïti est devenu un pays à ne plus recevoir que des subventions). De plus, l´avance du paiement des Etats-Unis laissera disponibles 60 autres millions de dollars pour de nouvelles subventions en faveur d'Haïti.

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Mix-A-Meals Feed Starving Children In Haiti (Memphis-10/4/10)-It's been nearly nine months since the earthquake in Haiti. Members of Hope Presbyterian Church have seen the devastation first hand and say the pictures on TV only begin to tell the story. Missionary teams say people are still living in buildings that were demolished or tent cities and the children are starving and doing whatever they can to survive. ”While you are walking down the street they are playing in the garbage- looking through the garbage for food,” said MIchael Leirer, Pastor of Global Outreach. The church helped feed some of the children during two trips, but now wants to do a whole lot more. Over the weekend members assembled tens of thousands of rice and soy mix-ameals, boxed and sealed them up to ship to Haiti. The meals cost just $.25 cents a piece and will feed over one hundred thousand people. ”This is going to sustain life,” said Leirer. They showed us a picture of boy mission workers met in Haiti who at 8-years of age weighed just 19 pounds.

Two weeks after eating the rice meals Omar gained 15 pounds and six months later he's up to 73 pounds. ”You can see from the picture he's got a great big grin on his face and he's receiving Christmas presents. He's a normal child,” said Leirer. Church leaders want to do that for a lot more children and are hoping what they are doing will impact future generations and prevent more children from going hungry. ”I would like to have our children learn about this, take them over and let them see that and then hopefully they can do something for their generation to eliminate this horrible disease of starvation,” said Leirer. The church plans to do this again next year and hopes to be able to put together enough meals to feed twice as many. Hope Presbyterian was able to raise 25,000 thousand dollars Sunday from the congregation to pay for the meals and the cost to ship them to Haiti. They will distribute them with the help of churches in Haiti. The story was first published by wreg. com in Memphis.


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The Haitian Times

Paj Kreyòl Ayisyen

October 6-12, 2010

Dèyè Tande ak wè se de 8. Pawòl nan bouch, pawòl nan mi Pawòl Gen Pawòl Avèk Wozvèl Jan — Batis M si kèk nan nou remake, nan tout seri “Tande ak wè se de” a, m pale de tout kalite chòk m pran etan m al Ayiti a, chòk diferan bagay m dekouvri, ki pa sanble yo nòmal pou mwen, men m pa di anyen sou chòk lengwistik la, konmkwa li pa t egziste… Men se pa vre, nou konn sa: chòk la la; m gendwa pa santi l menm jan ak on lòt moun, on moun nòmal ki pa blennde sou kesyon lang. M pran sa m tande nan bouch moun, sa m wè sou mi, sou pankat, sou bandwòl, m fè yo an­tre djakout esperyans mwen. Konsa, chòk la on ti jan amòti, men li la. Premye pawoli ki te frape mwen, se “zo blòd”. Nan plizyè okazyon m tande jenn timoun ap di: “Msye parèt/kanpe sou mwen an zo blòd.” An jeneral, lè m tande on pawoli premye fwa, m pa kou­ri al mande moun k ap pale yo sa sa vle di (paske m konnen yo pa oblije ka esplike sans li): m tann m tande l plizyè fwa pou m wè si m ka pran sans li pou kont mwen. Men m te vle fè on lòt esperyans ak pawoli “zo blòd” la—paske ma­ryaj ‘zo’ ak ‘blòd’ la pa t mache nan san m. Kote pawoli a

soti? Depi ki lè l parèt nan langaj moun yo? Èske se anvan oubyen apre Douz Janvye? Ki sans chak mo yo? M wè ‘zo’ a: m konn “zo devan”, “zo bouke chen”, “zo re”, “zo mangay”, “zo ak po”, “zo di”…, men pa rekonèt ‘blòd’ la, ni an pent, ni an penti. Gen on ti demwazèl ki esplike m “kanpe an zo blòd” la, se “kanpe ansenèryen”, se “montre ou pa kè”, “montre ou pa bay pyès moun regle anyen pou ou”. Li bay egzanp: “Ou ta gendwa di Preval kanpe an zo blòd sou nou depi lontan, ni anvan ni apre tranblemanntè a.” Kidonk se yon atitid: ‘m pa ka fè san sot nan wòch’, ‘m pa t mande n pou n te vote pou mwen’, ‘m pa t pwomèt nou anyen’, ‘se pa nou sèlman ki nan di’, ‘m se on moun menm jan avèk nou tou’, ‘my palace collapsed’… Dezyèm pawoli ki te pi make m, se “asayan”. Se de sitwayen, de jenn gason, ou ta di sosis yo mare ansanm, ki renmen sèvi ak pawoli sa a. “Asayan anvayi nou.” “Asayan debake sou nou.” Tanzantan youn ap anmègde lòt, rele l “Asayan!” Dapre esplikasyon mesye yo, se ta depi epòk apre Douz Janvye, pawoli sa a parèt. Lavi nan kan, anba tant, aprann yo pou yo toujou veyatif. On separasyon diri gendwa ap fèt byen pwòp, epi asayan debake sou yo—kidonk gwoup nèg ki sot nan lòt kan, nan lòt zòn ki parèt tankou atoufè vin dappiyanp sou ti bagay y ap separe ba yo a. Gen on lè gen on pawòl, ki chape sot nan bouch youn nan de mesye yo, ki fè m

konprann pawòl ‘asayan’ an te ka la depi pi lontan, on pawòl ki konekte ak mouvman baz, mouvman militan, mouv­man zòn non dwa, mouvman gang tou. Asayan ki sot nan tèl gang gendwa debake al anvayi teritwa tèl lòt gang… Se on pawòl kòmando, on pawòl atoufè, on pawòl san manman. Sa depan si asayan yo gen patwon; sa depan tou ki moun ki patwon asayan yo. Sa fè m chonje on mesaj m te wè ekri sou yon kannòt bò lanmè Leyogàn—mi pi kwè se te non kannòt: “Bon Pa­twon pa fasil”! Se on pawòl ki sonnen tankou on pwovèb, antouka se on pawòl esperyans. Espe­ryans granmoun lan nan memwa li. Lespri chè, konnen mal. Gen on pawòl m wè sou on bout mi ki rete kanpe apre tranblemanntè a: “Tanpri Sispan-n boule boutèy ak Sachè Plastic” [Tanpri sispann boule boutèy ak sache plastik.] Bèl pawòl! Men pou ki moun? Pa twò lwen mesaj la, te gen on gwo pil fatra ki t ap boule; odè ki t ap monte ansanm ak lafimen an pa t bay manti: te gen on bon voyay plastik ki t ap boule. Pètèt yo ta dwe mete on pankat tankou youn m te wè bò on teren vid Leyogàn: “LI ENTEDI, TANPRI – PA JETE – DEBRI LA.” Gen bagay se entèdi pou yo entèdi yo. Moun konprann langaj ‘entèdi’, paske gendwa gen konsekans si yo kenbe yo ap meprize entèdi a: tanpri souple sèlman pa sifi. Fòk gen Leta, fòk gen otorite! Leta pa gen mwayen pou l retire moun

yo anba tant. Leta pa menm gen mwayen pou l peye fè ranmase fatra nan lari. Leta pa gen mwayen pou l fè anyen. “Ti kochon, ti san”, se sa pwovèb la di, men genlè pa gen san menm, pa yon gout pou fè remèd. Nou ta gendwa di tou: “Mezi lajan ou, mezi wanga ou!” Men kès Leta anba dekonm, ansanm ak Sèvis Kontribisyon—eskize m, DGI—: pa gen mwayen fè wanga menm. Gen on lòt pwovèb ki te ekri sou on mi—m pa chonje ki kote m te wè l—ki pati nan menm sans lan: “Ti zwa­zo ri mezi bèk li.” Pawòl pwovèb la si­prann mwen, men m renmen l kanmenm. Li difisil pou nou ta imajine on zwazo k ap ri—fò m di m pa konn ki jan zwazo ri. M renmen lè zwazo ap chan­te, men m pa si se mezi bèk yo ki fè yo ka chante tèl jan osnon tèl lòt jan. Pi bèl mesaj, pi bèl imaj ki ret nan tèt mwen depi m sot Ayiti a, se pawòl ki ekri sou yon gwo kamyon ki te chaje machandiz—sak te fè tiyon sou tèt li: “Pale pale ou, m ap travay.” Rezon ki fè imaj la pa ka sot nan tèt mwen, se paske kamyon sa a te an pàn. Li te kanpe sou Nasyonal #2 a, pa twò lwen Wout Dabòn lan. M prèske si se pa t on ti pàn senp, se te on pàn awozin. Travayè yo te chita bò wout la, nan lonbray bwat la. “Pale pale ou, m ap travay” se on bèl pawòl… menm lè machin sistèm lan an pàn! Kontakte Wozvèl Jan-Batis nan rorojb@netzero.com

U.S. Sues Amex, Visa, Mastercard, Latter Two Settle WASHINGTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) – The U.S. Justice Department sued American Express Co, Visa Inc and MasterCard Inc on Monday, accusing them of violating antitrust laws and citing rules that prevented merchants from encouraging consumers to use cheaper credit cards. Simultaneously, the Justice Department settled with Visa and MasterCard, which agreed to allow merchants to offer discounts to consumers who use less expensive types of credit or debit cards. The companies said the settlement, subject to court approval, did not involve any payment. The lawsuit has the potential to cut into a significant source of profits for American Express and threatens to reshape the competitive landscape of the card processing business. Shares of American Express, which charges merchants more on average for processing credit card transactions than its rivals, closed down 6.5 percent at $39.05. Consultant Philip J. Philliou, a former executive for American Express and MasterCard, said via email that the lawsuit was ”problematic for AmEx. ”If nothing else, it highlights to retailers and consumers the premium that retailers pay to accept AmEx as a form of payment,” he wrote. ”This ruling may impact which card a consumer pulls out of their wallet,” Philliou added. American Express said the lawsuit would hurt consumers by limiting their ability to use their AmEx card. ”We have no intention of settling the case,” Kenneth Chenault, chairman and

chief executive officer of American Express, said in a statement. American Express executives and lawyers declined repeatedly on a conference call with investors and reporters to quantify the potential impact of losing the lawsuit, or to say how much it would have cost the company in revenue to settle the case. ”I think, with reason, AmEx thinks the negative impact would be material,” consultant Eric Grover, who previously worked at Visa, said in an email. No-Win Situation Attorney General Eric Holder said at a press conference on Monday that credit card companies ”put merchants and consumers in a no-win situation. Accept our card, pay our fees and don't even think about trying to get a discount.” Merchants pay fees to banks and processing networks like Visa and MasterCard every time a customer pays for something by using a credit or debit card. These socalled interchange fees usually amount to between 1 to 3 percent of each total bill. American Express, which lends directly to consumers and processes credit card transactions, charges merchants a higher percentage on average. AmEx said on the conference call that merchants get more business from American Express cardholders in exchange for the higher fees because its wealthy customers tend to spend more than the average credit card user. Visa, MasterCard and American Express and their affiliated banks collected more than $35 billion in fees from U.S. merchants in 2009, according to the lawsuit. American Express cardholders charged $419.8 billion worth of purchases in 2009,

Attorney General Eric Holder

while MasterCard cardholders charged $476.9 billion and Visa card holders charged $764.2 billion. Christine Varney, head of the Justice Department's antitrust division, said the government would try to resolve the case as quickly as possible. But American Express Vice Chairman Edward Gilligan told the conference call, ”We anticipate that this process will take several years before it is resolved. Both merchants and consumer groups hailed the government's action against the credit card companies. Ed Mierzwinski, consumer pro-

gram director of the U.S. Public Interest Research Group, said in a statement that the lawsuit and settlement ”will finally open competition in the card payment market, ultimately leading to lower prices to consumers.” But in a statement late Monday afternoon, the American Bankers Association said it looked ”forward to seeing whether (merchants') new-found pricing authority will actually result in consumer benefit or merely be used to pad their own bottom lines.” see CARDS on page 23


The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

Emanuel Hits Chicago Streets, Makes Case for Mayor

Former White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel

CHICAGO – Last week, Afghanistan. This week, parents protesting the proposed demolition of a park field house. Former White House chief of staff Rahm Emanuel hit the campaign trail on Monday and got a sudden taste of the vastly different agenda he'd face as Chicago's mayor — and the hurdles he must overcome to be elected. A day after unveiling his campaign on a new website, Emanuel hit the streets vowing to ”hear from Chicagoans — in blunt and honest terms” about what they want from their next mayor. Many were happy just to shake hands, exchange hugs, or drink coffee with President Barack Obama's hard-charging former right hand man. But he also faced skepticism about his intentions, loyalties and whether he even has the legal right to run for mayor in a city he hasn't lived in for nearly two years. A few potential rivals also surfaced in

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public, though insisted it had nothing to do with him. The blunt talk during one part of Emanuel's visit to a bustling street in the mostly Hispanic Pilsen neighborhood was that he wasn't listening enough. There, a group of parents protesting the planned demolition of a park field house briefly surrounded Emanuel's car. They said he'd promised to talk with them on the sidewalk, but instead, after entering a restaurant to shake hands with patrons, he quickly headed to his car without stopping. Michelle Palencia, whose 6-year-old son attends a school that uses the field house as a library, said the group confronted Emanuel because no one else is listening. ”He said, 'I promise,'” Palencia said. ”That's all we've been hearing is promises.” Palencia said Emanuel did say he would call her — and she will be waiting.

Cuomo Leads by 24 Points in New York Governor’s Race, Poll Says NEW YORK, (Bloomberg) - New York gubernatorial candidate Andrew Cuomo, a Democrat, leads Republican Carl Paladino by 24 points in a poll of likely voters by the Siena Research Institute. About six of 10 voters had a negative view of Paladino and agreed that he is “a loose cannon, who doesn’t have the temperament to be governor,” according to the survey. The poll was conducted Oct. 3-4, after Paladino accused Cuomo of marital infidelity and was involved in a shouting match with a reporter who asked for proof of the charge. Cuomo was supported by 56 percent of voters, with 32 percent backing Paladino. In a Siena poll of registered voters released last month, Cuomo led by 33 points. Since then Conservative Party candidate Rick Lazio abandoned the race and that party switched its endorsement to Paladino. “Cuomo continues to enjoy a very strong favorability rating,” said Steven Greenberg, pollster for the Siena Research Insti-

Dems

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heavily segregated New York is, you'll next notice the sometimes uncanny parallel between where white precincts end and where Obama precincts begin. Obviously, New York still has heavily racialized voting. For DioGuardi to equal Pataki's 2002 vote share in New York City, two things have to happen. First, whites have to be excited about voting for him. I think that's possible for two reasons: (1) whites who didn't live on Manhattan were never crazy about Obama in the first place and are presumably ready to cast a protest vote against him today and (2) DioGuardi has an Italian surname. Having attended more than my share of the DiFranco family reunions on the maternal side of my family, I can only attest that

tute in Loudonville, New York, in a statement. “While Paladino has quickly become very well-known among New York voters, it is not in a good way.” Cuomo is viewed favorably by 56 percent of voters and unfavorably by 37 percent. Paladino is viewed favorably by 30 percent and unfavorably by 59 percent, according to the survey. Spending Cuts Paladino, 64, a Buffalo real estate developer and supporter of the Tea Party movement, has promised to cut state spending Andrew Cuomo by 20 percent and taxes by 10 percent. A self-described political outsider, he attempts to contrast himCuomo also says the state needs spendself with Cuomo, 52, the state’s attorney ing cuts, though he hasn’t said how much. general and a son and adviser to former Both candidates support the idea of a state Governor Mario Cuomo. He is also a for- law capping increases in local government mer U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban property taxes. Development. About 55 percent of voters agreed that

the cultural affinity is still pretty important in the Italian-American community. This will help DioGuardi in parts of Queens and in South Brooklyn (and in Staten Island, a notable Republican bastion that is off the map). In fact, this is probably a large reason why DioGuardi is getting 35 percent in the SurveyUSA poll while the other Republican candidates polled are receiving the 25 percent a Republican customarily receives (remember, Paladino is running against a Cuomo). The second thing that has to happen is that minority turnout needs to be low. I think that's entirely possible as well. In the 2009 Virginia governor's race, the white share of the electorate was 78 percent, up from 70 percent in 2008. And we've seen a recent spate of election polls showing members in minoritymajority districts vulnerable

- GA-02, FL-03, MS-02, and AZ-07. Even controlling for the fact that these are campaign polls, these results wouldn't be possible unless minority enthusiasm was down considerably. And it is hard to imagine Kirsten Gillibrand an upstate Congresswoman who had a fairly conservative voting record until 18 months ago - firing up this portion of her base. To be clear, I don't think hitting the 30% mark in the city is a ”done deal” for DioGuardi. But I do think it is realistic. Suburbs That leaves us with the suburbs. Westchester, Nassau, and Suffolk Counties were long Republican bastions. But they swung toward the Democrats as the Republican Party increasingly adopted a Southern twang and focused on social issues. Barack Obama won 64 percent of the vote in Westchester County, 54 percent

Cuomo’s government experience “is what we need in order to move New York towards fiscal health,” according to the survey. About 45 percent agreed that Paladino’s business experience is what the state needs. New York, which faces an $8.2 billion budget deficit next year, has the highest combined state and local taxes in the U.S. after Alaska, according to state budget documents. Cuomo’s strongest support was in New York City, where 70 percent of voters backed him and 17 percent favored Paladino. Upstate voters were more evenly divided with 45 percent for Cuomo and 43 percent for Paladino. The telephone survey of 636 likely registered voters has a margin of error of plus or minus 3.9 percentage points.

in Nassau County, and 53 percent in Suffolk County. But recent elections in the suburbs indicate that there may be hard movement back toward the Republicans. In November of last year, Nassau County Executive Tom Suozzi lost to little-known, underfunded challenger Ed Mangano. In Westchester County, Rob Astorino defeated Executive Andy Spano 57 percent to 43 percent; just four years earlier, Spano had defeated Astorino by a similar margin. Then, in February of this year, while Washington was still focused on the health care debate and Scott Brown's win, Republicans won a special election victory in a Suffolk County seat that had gone for Obama in 2008. That same day, Republicans won a stunning upset in a Westchester district that had given Barack Obama about 61 percent of the

vote only 15 months earlier. In other words, the Democrats' grip on the New York City suburbs seems to be slipping. This is a problem that Democrats are facing elsewhere in the country as well, but it seems especially pronounced here. A 12-point, 51 percent to 39 percent win here is not at all out of the question. Conclusion DioGuardi isn't likely to win, but it certainly is possible. The SurveyUSA poll is a best-case scenario for DioGuardi among current polling, but it nevertheless depicts a realistic scenario for him to get within a point of Gillibrand with the present electorate. Of course, his ”reward” for winning this race would be to run again two years later, against a Democratic opponent approved by the Democratic Party, with Barack Obama at the top of the ticket.


12

The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

October 6-12, 2010

The Haitian Times

13

Haiti’s Diaspora in New York Regroups to Strenghten Community and Haiti The Metropolitan College of New York had welcomed Sept. 29 the first Haiti Dialogue Series aims at sharing ideas on better ways to empower the community and by extension Haiti. Commissioner, NYC Police Department Raymond Kelly, ManFar right, Patricia Beauvais Regional Producer, CBS Newspath and Haitian Roundtable Program Committe Co-Chair sitting among other participants

hattan Deputy Borough President Rosemonde Pierre-Louis among others addressed an enthusiastic crowd who shared their interest for Haiti.

Joel Dreyfuss, The Roots, Managing editor, panel moderator

The forum gathered dynamic innovators, experts, and visionaries at the forefront of a full spectrum of sectors to foster a constructive debate and breakthrough strategies on Haitian issues of importance for today and tomorrow. The kick-off event focus on the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake and practitioners lead a candid conversation of tangible ways that the Haitian Diaspora can contribute to the reconstruction efforts. According to The Haitian Dialogue Series committee the organization is comprised primarily of Haitian American professionals who are committed to civic engagement as well as philanthropic endeavors benefiting Haiti, Haitian organizations and causes.

Panelists: from left to right Anne Cramene Almonord Esq, Haitian Women Humnaitarian Parole Project, Johnny Celestin, Haitian Fund Innovation; Jacques Jiha, Black Enterprise COO and CFO; Jean Junior Joseph, Haitian media Political Blogger; Rodney Leon, Architect Raymond Kelly, Commissioner

Participants gather at the panelists table

Rosemonde Pierre- Louis addressing the crowd

The panelists are answering the audience’s questions


14

The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

The

Prescription By Dr. Gerald W. Deas

Wall Street, Fall Street—No Need for Greed The other evening, I went to view the new movie Wall Street, written up in the newspapers as the #1 movie in America, a great movie, thrilling, smart, entertaining, great fun to watch, and its main character was masterfully played by Michael Douglas. It was more than I had bargained for. It made me think of a chapter in the Bible written by King David in the 10th century BC: Listen everyone! High and low, rich and poor, all around the world—listen to my words, for they are wise and filled with insight. I will tell in song accompanied by harps the answer to one of life’s most perplexing problems. There is no need to fear when times of trouble come, even though surrounded by enemies! They trust in their wealth and boast about how rich they are, yet not one of them, though rich as kings, can ransom his own brother from the penalty of sin! For God’s forgiveness does not come that way. For a soul is far too precious to be ransomed by mere earthly wealth. There is not enough of it in all the earth to buy eternal life for just one soul to keep it out of hell. Rich man! Proud man! Wise man! You must die like all the rest! You have no greater lease on life than foolish, stupid men. You must leave your wealth to others. You name your estates after yourselves as though your lands could be forever yours, and you could live on them eternally. But man with all his pomp must die like any animal. Such is the folly of these men though after they die they will be quoted as having great wisdom. Death is the shepherd of all mankind. And in the morning, those who are evil will be slaves of those who are good. For the power of their wealth is gone when they die; they cannot take it with them. But as for me, God will redeem my soul from the power of death, for he will receive me. So, do not be dismayed when evil men grow rich and build their lively homes. For when they die they carry

nothing with them! Their honors will not follow them. Though a man calls himself happy all through his life—and the world loudly applauds success—yet in the end he dies like everyone else and enters eternal darkness. For man with all his pomp must die like any animal (Psalms 49:1-20). King Solomon also wrote: A fortune can be made from cheating, but there is a curse that goes with it. The Lord loathes all cheating. When you help the poor you are lending to the Lord and he pays wonderful interest on your loan” (Proverbs 20:21). Leaving the theater, I reflected on how widespread poverty is throughout the world and how only a few men control the destiny of those who are not in power. As we approach another election, remember that your vote can make a difference in electing those who are sensitive to the needs of our citizens. This idea is crystallized in my poem “US”: US God looked down on US Creating a nation just for US Red, white, black, yellow and brown are US Therefore, we all live in that Trust Without us, can’t be US God bless U.S. For more health tips and access to an online community of physicians and other healthcare professionals visit: DrDeas.com

Nobel Prize Given for Test Tube Baby Research NEW YORK, (AP) – The Nobel Prize in medicine went to a man whose work led to the first test tube baby, an achievement that helped bring 4 million infants into the world and raised challenging new questions about human reproduction. Robert Edwards of Britain, now an 85-year-old professor emeritus at the University of Cambridge, lived to see the far-reaching ramifications of his hugely controversial early research. ”Today, Robert Edwards' vision is a reality and brings joy to infertile people all over the world,” the Nobel Committee said in Stockholm. It began with the birth on July 25, 1978, of the first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, to a couple who had been trying to conceive for nine years. With in vitro fertilization, or IVF, an egg is removed from a woman, mixed with sperm in a laboratory, allowed to divide for four or five days, then implanted in the womb to grow into a baby. Today the odds of a couple having a baby after a single cycle of IVF treatment are about 1 in 5, roughly the same odds as a fertile couple trying to have children naturally. Edwards and research partner Patrick Steptoe, who died in 1988, faced opposition to their IVF experiments. Some religious leaders called it morally wrong. Some government officials thought it more important to limit fertility than treat infertility, and some scientists were worried about the safety of embryos.

”In retrospect, it is amazing that Edwards not only was able to respond to the continued criticism of IVF, but that he also remained so persistent and unperturbed in fulfilling his scientific vision,” the Nobel Committee said. Society still wrestles with issues that arose from his work, such as: • Is it appropriate to obtain stem cells from embryos — embryos created through IVF? Some people object because the embryos are destroyed to get the cells. • Should women who donate eggs be paid? The Vatican's top bioethics official, Monsignor Ignacio Carrasco de Paula, said Monday that Edwards opened ”a new and important chapter in the field of human reproduction.” But he also said IVF is responsible for the destruction of embryos and the creation of a ”market” in donor eggs. • Should there be an age limit on women using IVF? In 2006, a 67-year-old Spanish woman made headlines when she gave birth after using the technology to conceive twins. The uproar continued when she herself died only two years later. Even so, Edwards' research deserves a Nobel, said bioethicist Laurie Zoloth of Northwestern University. ”For millions of families, it created the possibility of a truly joyful and extraordinary event.” William Ledger, head of reproductive see NOBEL on page 23


HEALTH

October 6-12, 2010

The Haitian Times

15

Pediatric Hospital In Haiti Provides Lessons In Disaster Planning And Response When a devastating earthquake hit Haiti earlier this year, physicians and health care workers were immediately deployed to the capital, Port-au-Prince. A study on the creation and evolution of a pediatric field hospital - from a disaster service facility to a full-fledged children's hospital - during the weeks and months following the disaster, was presented Oct. 3, 2010, at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition in San Francisco. ”Disaster Response in a Pediatric Field Hospital: Lessons Learned in Haiti,” chronicles the deployment of Miami Children's Hospital staff - surgeons, pediatricians, nurses, operating room personnel, physical therapists, pharmacists, X-ray technicians and social workers - to a field hospital operated by the non-profit organization Project Medishare. The hospital operated for 45 days, with rotating medical teams specifically composed of specialists and caregivers to best provide the services needed. Initially, the goals of the hospital were to staff 75 beds for admitted children, an operating room, and a wound care center where surgical management of open wounds (debridement) and dressing changes could occur with sedation. During the first five days, 93 percent of pediatric patients were surgical specialty admissions, with 40 children undergoing operations, mostly for fractures and wounds. Simultaneously, more than 50 procedures - debridement, dressing changes and castings - took place in the wound center. Two months after the disaster, however, care needs evolved dramatically.

”As time passed, the facility evolved to more closely emulate a children's hospital with 80 percent of patients requiring general pediatric and neonatal care and only 20 percent requiring admission for surgical issues,” said Cathy Burnweit, MD, FAAP, lead author of the study. As the hospital developed the capacity for intensive care, newborns - including those born premature and with congenital anomalies - and children with acute burns and trauma were transported to the

hospital. The transformation of the facility from a disaster service facility to a pediatric hospital with intensive care capacity required changes in equipment, medical staff and leadership. ”In addition to assuring that the major specialty needs were covered, the team approach afforded us an amazing esprit de corps and a built-in support system,” said Dr. Burnweit. ”Numerous sources have stressed how

grateful the Haitian people were for the care provided by the volunteers in the aftermath of the earthquake. But we physicians and health care workers, in return, reaped remarkable benefits out of our commitment to provide services to Haiti's children,” said Dr. Burnweit. ”This was truly the most uplifting and rewarding experience I have had as a doctor.” The study was first published in American Academy of Pediatrics.

Henry Schein Cares Relief Efforts in Haiti and other Countries Continue MELVILLE, N.Y.- Months after earthquakes in Haiti, Chile and China, and a flood in Pakistan shattered the lives of hundreds of thousands of survivors, Henry Schein, Inc. the largest provider of health care products and services to office-based practitioners, is continuing to contribute resources to help international groups assisting individuals, families and entire villages. ”Team Schein and many of our friends outside of the Company recognize that relief efforts in Haiti, Chile, China and Pakistan will take a great deal of time,” said Stanley M. Bergman, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Henry Schein.   ”We applaud the work of the organizations receiving our financial support and are proud to sustain our pledge to help survivors still in need in the affected areas where health care facilities were destroyed.” As part of this sustained support, Henry Schein has ear-

marked an additional $190,000 to 17 organizations involved in ongoing relief efforts in the four nations.  This cash donation through Henry Schein Cares, the Company's global social responsibility program, follows January's immediate donation of $1 million in medical supplies to partner non-governmental organizations (NGOs) by Henry Schein and its supplier partners.   The financial donation includes contributions to the Henry Schein Cares Foundation by Team Schein Members, which were matched by the Company, as well as donations to the Foundation from outside of Henry Schein.   Recipients of the Henry Schein Cares donation include the Afya Foundation; American Jewish World Service; the American Veterinary Medical Association; AmeriCares; Direct Relief International; GHESKIO; Give2Asia; Health Volunteers Overseas working with the American Den-

Panelists Princess Dina Mired of Jordan, director general of the King Hussein Cancer Foundation, Charles-Patrick Almazor, director of Partners in Health, and Paul Farmer, UN Deputy Special Envoy for Haiti, (L-R) take part in a special session regarding cancer in the developing world during the Clinton Global Initiative in New York September 22, 2010.

tal Association; Heart to Heart; International Medical Corps; LDS Charities; the National Bap-

tist Convention USA; MedShare; Pan American Health and Education Foundation (PAHEF); Oral

Health of Haiti (OHOH) Coalition; Partners in Health; ShelterBox and US Fund for UNICEF. In the past, Henry Schein Cares has responded to other disasters including the cyclone in Myanmar and earthquake in China in 2008; Hurricanes Katrina and Rita on the U.S. Gulf Coast; the 2004 Asian tsunami; the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan; and September 11. Henry Schein, a Fortune 500® company and a member of the NASDAQ 100® Index, is recognized for its excellent customer service and highly competitive prices. The Company's four business groups - Dental, Medical, International and Technology serve more than 600,000 customers worldwide, including dental practitioners and laboratories, physician practices and animal health clinics, as well as government and other institutions. The information was first published by PRNewswire.


16

The Haitian Times

New York Manhattan

October 6-12, 2010

COMMUNITYCALENDAR

  -Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will be having mammogram check every First Monday of each month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. In front of CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. These Mammograms will only be for women ages 40 and older, with or without insurance who are New York City residents. Mobile mammogram unit provided by American Italian Cancer Foundation. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088

& 11th Avenue in Manhattan) Haitian music, dance and art will fill all three floors of the stunning arts complex. Central Harlem Health Revival (CHHR), Patricia Butts, Co-Chair, CHHR and First Lady, The Abyssinian Baptist Church, Dr. Olajide Williams, Harlem Hospital, Council Member Inez E. Dickens, DJ Envy, the Cold Crush Brothers and invited guests: Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Assemblyman Keith L.T. Wright and Senator Bill Perkins. WHAT: Health Walk – It’s A Health Thing! & 5th Anniversary Health Festival DATE: Sunday, September

-The Men's Health Clinic at Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will offer Primary health care services for men in a male-centered environment every first and fourth Saturday of every month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m at the CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088 A free festival of Haitian music, dance and art will take place on Saturday, October 16, 2010, 12 p.m.—6 p.m. Affirmation Arts and Haiti Cultural Exchange invite the community to experience and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Haiti at Selebrasyon!, a free, all-day festival that will bring the sights and sounds of Haiti to Manhattan’s west side. An event for all ages, Selebrasyon! revolves around Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art, an exhibition that consists of more than 50 artworks including sculpture, paintings, and works on paper. Most of the artwork has never been seen outside of Haiti, and two pieces were recovered and restored from the January 12, 2010 earthquake. The program is as followed: Haitian Jazz Bands Markus Schwartz and Lakou Brooklyn, as well as Buyu Ambroise & The Blues in Red Band, featuring soulful jazz singer Melanie Charles. Artist Workshops for children of all ages conducted by Haitian artists Klode Garoute, Cybil Charlier, Shakespeare Guirand and others. Storytelling by Jennifer Celestin of classic Haitian tales. Haitian Dancers performing lively works to traditional Haitian music. Film Screening of “Maestro Issa,” a 52-minute documentary tracing the evolution of Haitian music in the 1930's and 1940's through the career of a Haitian musician of Lebanese origin. Gallery Tours by Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art curator Gérald Alexis and Affirmation Arts director Marla Goldwasser. Events will take place at Affirmation Arts, 523 West 37th Street, New York, NY 10018 (Between 10th Avenue

26, 2010 ● 1:00p.m. for a press Conference at 2:45p.m. at 148th Street and Bradhurst Avenue. A Festiva lwill directly follow the 5th Anniversary Health Festival. Celebration of Haitian Art is on display at Affirmation Arts from October 1—November 24, 2010.

Queens

The Queens Museum of Art, at New York City Building, located at Flushing Meadows Corona Park Queens, invite people to its celebratory 5th Anniversary Cocktail Reception on October 7th at 6pm. The museum provides convenient access, either on site or nearby, to everything visitors from the publishing and editorial industry might want or need, from restaurants, hotel rooms and entertainment, to a quick trip to the Flushing Meadow Park. For more information about V Book Fair Expo New York 2010  please contact:  (917) 2383155 Waldo Guevara at 516.884.2037.

BROOKLYN

The United Community Centers, a Brooklyn, New York non-profit, needs your help in spreading the word to garner the public’s vote to become one of five organizations to receive $20,000 in project sponsorship through the Tom’s of Maine’s “50 States for Good” initiative. Focused on grassroots projects that bring positive, lasting change to communities, the “50 States for Good” program also asks organizations to share what their volunteer needs are to help get important projects started or to broaden their reach. If named a winner, United Community Centers will use the funds to expand their healthy living project by implementing a new curriculum that will train the twenty-four youth in their paid internship program to cook nutritious meals using fresh, local produce. Following the training, the young people will take the lead in organizing six Community Meals. for information contact Susan Dewhirst at sdewhirst@ tomsofmaine.com or call (207) 467-2406. Miami Florida Charles Buford, a disabled veteran and his organization Make a Wish Veterans are leading a global humanitarian effort on Tuesday, September 28th 2pm sharp Mr. Charles Buford This year, Charles Buford will be hosting Christmas for Haiti. Mr. Buford and his organization are gathering sleeping bags, toys for the children, tents and many other needed supplies. Two airplanes have been donated by Florida Air Transport and an airdrop will take place on Christmas Eve with receiving agents already in place. For contact information visit www.christmasforhaiti.org

to The Haitian Times For more information visit

www.haitiantimes.com


October 6-12, 2010

BUSINESS

The Haitian Times

17

Haiti Looks To Credit Boost For Post-Quake Rebound PORT-AU-PRINCE (Reuters) - Haiti and its aidpartners are working to get credit flowing back into theearthquakeshattered economy to stimulate businesses, jobs andhouse building and make possible a projected growth rebound ofup to 10 percent next year, senior Haitian officials said. With the help of the World Bank, the Inter-AmericanDevelopment Bank and the U.S. Treasury, Haitian authorities arepreparing a partial credit guarantee fund and leasingmechanisms to allow small entrepreneurs and businesses to getback on their feet after the devastating Jan. 12 quake. Accompanied by measures to ease bank loan restructuring andboost financing for home construction, they hope this infusionof capital can help revert the estimated 7 percent contractionof the economy this year caused by the catastrophe. ”This is why we are working on all those measures to boostcredit, we hope that next year we're going to have 8-10 percentgrowth, hopefully,” said Charles Castel, governor of thecountry's central bank, the Bank of the Republic of Haiti. The quake, one of the most destructive natural disasters inrecent history, killed up to 300,000 people and pole-axed whatwas already the poorest economy in the Western Hemisphere.Donors have pledged some $11 billion over the next decade tofund reconstruction of the crippled Caribbean state. In interviews last week, Castel, Prime Minister Jean-MaxBellerive and Finance Minister Ronald Baudin said the creditboosting measures aimed to put back into business or productivejobs tens of thousands of middle-class citizens and smallentrepreneurs, who lost not just homes but entire livelihoods. ”All we are doing, working with the banks, the insurancecompanies, trying to create more investment in Haiti, is tryingto rebuild, support that middle class and to stop what's leftof the middle class

from leaving Haiti,” said Bellerive. Also underpinning growth hopes for next year was a majorprogram of national infrastructure construction anddevelopment, which seeks to use both institutional aid andprivate investment to build roads, bridges, ports, airports andmanufacturing parks to relaunch Haiti's economy. HUGE HOUSING NEED Baudin said that after next year's projected economicbounce back, the country could achieve growth rates ”not below6 percent” for subsequent years. Castel said he was talking with the Washingtonbased IADBabout initiatives to finance micro-industries, such as thecredit guarantee fund, leasing facilities and also professionalschools. ”People in welding, people in furniture-making, theydeserve to be financed,” he said. Such microfinancing had been obstructed in the past becauseof prohibitively high Finance Minister Ronald Baudin interest charged by banks. Hopes are thatthe partial credit guarantee fund, to be executed offer fixed-rate, long-term loans over10-15 throughHaiti's state Industrial Develop- years for residential real estate—the greatment Fund, could initiallyguarantee $140 est needafter the quake left 1.3 million homeless. million in loans, and eventually more. Debt forgiveness formed part of the In addition, the central bank had eased loan provisionrequirements for banks to huge international aideffort for Haiti folfacilitate the restructuring of loansaffected lowing the quake and the officialsestiby the earthquake, and also relaxed man- mated 90 percent of the nation's debts had datory reserverules for loans for residential been canceled. This included $268 million from the or commercial real estate. To further boost financing for housing, International MonetaryFund. Part of the the bank was alsoworking on a plan to funds made available from this would

gotoward reconstruction of institutions key to Haiti'sfunctioning that were destroyed or damaged—the parliament,justice palace and administrative courts. HOPES FOR STABILITY Officials note the bulk of Haiti's debt—about $1 billion-had already been forgiven last year, before the quake, inrecognition of government efforts to improve fiscal disciplineand financial accountability and transparency. Over four to five years of macroeconomic stability anduninterrupted growth, including 3 percent in 2009, Haiti'sforeign reserves had risen to more than $1 billion from just$17 million in April 2004, central bank officials said. The ministers and United Nations officials hopedU.N.backed presidential and legislative elections on Nov. 28,to choose a successor for President Rene Preval, could keeppolitical peace in Haiti and support the reconstruction. ”With political stability, I believe it is reasonable tothink we're going to have high growth next year,” Castel said. He and Bellerive stressed the urgent need for a massiveinflux of foreign investment to complement international aid,which alone could not mitigate the quake impact and put Haition a path of sustainable development. But the challenges were huge, not least the need to improveand modernize judicial and administrative structures to ensurethe rule of law and security in a society where these had longbeen largely absent. ”If the society itself doesn't work well,finance cannot work well,” Castel said. (Additional reporting by Simon Denyer and Guy Delva; Editingby Padraic Cassidy)

Verizon Wireless Plans $30M-$90M Customer Refunds NEW YORK, (AP) – Verizon Wireless could pay out up to $90 million in refunds to cell phone customers who were improperly charged for inadvertent Web access or data usage over the past several years. The Federal Communications Commission had asked Verizon Wireless last year about $1.99-a-megabyte data access fees that appeared on the bills of customers who didn't have data plans but who accidentally initiated data or Web access by pressing a button on their phones. In a statement on its website Sunday, Verizon Wireless said most of the 15 million customers affected will receive credits of $2 to $6 on their October or November bills. Some will receive larger sums. Customers no longer with the New York-based carrier will get refund checks. ”Verizon Wireless values our customer relationships and we always want to do the right thing for our customers,” said Mary Coyne, deputy general counsel for Verizon Wireless. ”The majority of the data

sessions involved minor data exchanges caused by software built into their phones; others involved accessing the Web, which should not have incurred charges. We have addressed these issues to avoid unintended data charges in the future.” Verizon has said that it stopped charging such fees when a customer started using

Verizon itself has reportedly put the amount of overcharges at more than $50 million, dating back two years. a data service but then quickly shut it off. The FCC confirmed Sunday that it has been investigating the charges after complaints from consumers. It said Verizon itself has reportedly put the amount of

overcharges at more than $50 million, dating back two years. ”We're gratified to see Verizon agree to finally repay its customers,” FCC Enforcement Bureau Chief Michele Ellison said in a statement. ”But questions remain as to why it took Verizon two years to reimburse its customers and why greater disclosure and other

corrective actions did not come much, much sooner.” The FCC will continue to look into those issues, including the possibility of additional penalties, Ellison said. Verizon Wireless, the largest cell phone carrier in the U.S., is a joint venture between Verizon Communications Inc. and Britain's Vodafone Group PLC.


18 8

The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

Eva Longoria’s Twitter Auction Raises Over Half a Million Dollars for Haiti

Compiled by Ralph Delly

Gary Victor and James Noël Invited to Participate in Festival America

Haitian writers Gary Victor and James Noel were invited to Festival America among 63 writers who submitted their work for consideration. The festival took place in Vincennes, Paris from September 23 to 26 and celebrated the work of North American writers, in a series of readings, workshops, panels, literary and arts events that informed delighted and empowered audiences of all ages. The weekend long festival highlighted the connection between East and West fusing communities in a celebration of books, music, and words.

Wyclef to run for Haiti President in 2015 Hip-hop artist Wyclef Jean is likely to run for president in 2015, according to his newly website Faceaface. com. ”I'm not a quitter, and the most important thing for me is, I think, to move Haiti forward, it's going to take modern thinking. So, if all goes well, I plan to definitely come back in five years and give it another shot.” Wyclef said. Not satisfied with politics in Haiti, the artist wants to move to Haiti where he will come to the States from time to time, to be eligible and become president.

Radio Antilles International Turns 26 Twenty six years ago, on Sept 27 of 2004, Radio Antilles International went on the air in Port-au-Prince. Thousands of listeners and fans of the station came together to celebrate the 26th anniversary and reflecting on that entire project. During the past years, multiple outbreaks and political unrests have repeatedly destroyed the station facilities and antenna and forced the evacuation of its personnel. Director Jacques Sampeur said that he’s looking forward to modernize the radio, and bring the TV station to full operation.

Haitian Artist Jay B is Engaged

Edwige Danticat's New Children's Book of Hope in Haiti's Rubble

Nine months later, Haitian-born author Edwidge Danticat has found a way to share the earthquake story with an audience that was largely affected by it - children. Danticat has written a children's book about a 7-year-old boy named Junior who gets buried in the rubble of his Haitian home during the quake and is rescued eight days later. She tells radio station NPR's Linda Wertheimer that she began writing the book titled ‘Eight Days, A Story of Haiti’ in an effort to explain the ordeal to her 5-year-old daughter. Danticat's book opens with Junior's rescue eight days after the earthquake, then goes on to describe what he did during his eight days in the rubble. He flies a kite with his best friend, Oscar, who was with him during the quake. He plays a game of marbles with neighborhood kids. But, of course, none of that actually happened.

TOP 10 SONGS

1. Kreyol La - vagabon 4 life 2. Gary D Perez - Fidel 3. WOW - Doudou Bang 4. P Andrey & Jim Rama - Désizyon 5. Belo - Lakou Trankil 6. Francis MAÏV - Vivre avec toi 7. Jhon Clark - Ki lè N'ap Fè l' 8. Mayer Morissette - Feeling yo 9. Jean Philippe Martély - Bel Kreati 10. Barikad Crew - Banm afèm To send in your request, log on to haitinetradio.com

A celebrity Twitter.com auction spearheaded by Eva Longoria Parker has raised over $540,000 for disabled children in Haiti. Stars offered to follow fans on Twitter and arranged one-of-a-kind meetings for the winning bidders, who offered up cash donations throughout last week. All funds raised from the auction event will go to www.ahomeinhaiti.org and will be used to rebuild The Miriam Center, which cares for children suffering from autism and cerebral palsy. Longoria is an active philanthropist who is also the spokesperson for PADRES, an organization which is committed to improve the quality of life for Latino children with cancer and their families. She recently attended their annual gala at The Hollywood Palladium in Hollywood, accompanied by a number of other Latin stars such as Demi Lovato, Eva La Rue, Wilmer Valderrama and George Lopez.

Courtesy of Haitinetradio.com

It was a shock to everybody who went to Jay B’s engagement in Jérémie, Haiti two weeks ago. The artist has announced that he will marry Djenika M. Verrier in December. “It just happened,” he told Showbiz. “I am so excited. It happened in Jérémie and I want to share it with the world.” The couple has yet to set a wedding date but according to sources it could be in December. Showbiz has learned that the artist’s wedding reception will take place at the French Embassy with lots of public figures.

Nephtalie Kettia Guillite Was Crown Miss Haiti Caraïbes Hibiscus

Nephtalie Kettia Guillite from Les Cayes beat out 50 other young girls to take the 2010 Miss Haiti Caraïbes Hibiscus crown, despite stumbling in her evening gown. Nephtalie won the pageant in Port-au-Prince after strutting confidently in her strapless gown. She said that her talent and her elegance gave her the title and that is what she will use to participate in Miss Caraïbes Hibiscus which will take place in November in Saint-Martin.

Brothers Posse Returns with a New Album after Six Years

Brothers Posse charmed their fans up for the release of a new album last Saturday in Haiti. They packed Club Bluetooth, in Carrefour to share with fans the complete official track listing for their new album “100 pou 100 Mizik”. Don Cato who possesses one of the most distinctive voices of his generation was awesome and had received standing ovation after each song performed. The band took six years to release a new album with twelve songs which are a mix of Roots, Rock, and Reggae.


October 6-12, 2010

ART&CULTURE

DiSip Debut CD Fufills Mission

singer's former band, and especially the touch of Arly Lariviere, Nu Look’s maeWhat a difference a year makes. Last stro. If you’ve heard the song “Pa Kondane year at this time, Gasman Pierre more commonly known as “Gazzman Couleur” m”, then the rest of the album offers no was the charismatic Lead Singer of the great surprises. The opener “Mission “(a fitting title track for the album) picks up popular Miami based band Nu Look. Now, Gazzman, is the leader of his own right where the previously released “Pa band, DiSip and has just released a new Kondane m” left off. It is just a personal testament from the artists about his experiCD, Mission. The band released their first single enti- ence in the business and why through it tled ”Pa Kondanenm” in March 2010, all he remains standing, a message you’ll a song addressing his departure from hear throughout the entirety of the album, Nu Look. The song received lukewarm which at a point begins to sound a little reviews but that did not deter the devoted redundant. The second track Bope Pa Papa, a mid fans of Gazzman Couleur to proclaim him tempo love song, the new King of the Court. Undoubtedly, In order to combat the is a little out of Gazzman’s elethe band created a lot bootleggers, management but he delivof buzz leading up to ered nonetheless. their grand premiere, ment later stated, the One of the probwithout an album band had to rush the lems Gazzman has and just one song. Even then, as if by release of their album with always had in the past was deliversheer force of will, the band still man- no promotion, while they ing love songs that sound sincere and aged to bring out an were on tour in Haiti. heartfelt. But he estimated 3,000 curipiled on the emoous spectators and fans. Many observers believed that such tions in the one. Ban’m Gaz is definitely going to be popnumbers were not sustainable in the current economic climate and predicted that ular amongst the die hard diSip fans and the dust created by the Gasman Hype while it may not become a hit, it makes for Machine would settle and the curiosity a good slogan, one thing Couleur is well would diminish, bringing down future known for. My Angel switched toward the Bolero attendance numbers to more realistic levgenre. The song is a really nice duet with els. From their debut on Easter Weekend, a female artist by the name Rose Herby. the band continued to perform non-stop This song will be greatly appreciated by every weekend with one of their best per- the older generation ranging in age from formances taking place at KREYOLFEST 30 and up. Gazzman’s past successful collabo2010, when Gazzman Couleur came out of rations include; Ou Sé (with Richie of the crowd, walking toward the stage singing ”Legacy”, a moderate hit with music Zenglen), Sexy Love (Djaz la 5 with written by Arly Lariviere, and lyrics by Shedly), Young Blood, Ti Clé, and Legacy, Gasman Pierre. That song remains Gas- all with Nu Look. Judging from this new man's most successful contribution to any Mission, there may not be any new addiNu Look Album.That performance earned tion to that list. However there are a few memorable Gazzman Couleur many new converts and solidified the faith of his disciples in the tunes on the album that I wouldn’t count out just yet. The live circuit is known New York area. In August came rumors quickly con- to turn some studio misses into popular firmed that the band diSip de Gazzman songs and even moderate hits. Avè'w M'ap Couleur's upcoming Debut CD had been Maché, and Anti-Stress seem to fit that catleaked. The Announcement came right egory. The good news for diSip is even if before the group embarked on a 30 day- this album doesn’t produce any major hits, tour in Haiti. In order to combat the boot- the band will still be alright. Gazzman has formed an alliance with leggers, management later stated, the band the public, which loves him for not just had to rush the release of their album with no promotion, while they were on tour in for his voice and charisma but also for the Haiti. The tour was a complete success. warmth and appreciation he shows them However, one question still lingers: Can every time he performs. As long as he diSip de Gazzman Couleur deliver a good keeps on singing, there is doubt that they album containing at least one, preferably care what he sings or sings about. On a scale of 1 to 10 Mission receives a 7. several hit songs without the help of the By Cheyna Pierre

The Haitian Times

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The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

Dishing it with the Guys I don’t understand why women are always surprised by men who know how to cook. For as long as I can remember, the men in my life cooked. First it was my dad, who provided me with the foundation of what I have developed into Fleurimond Catering. Later when I entered the dating world, I was blessed to meet gentlemen who wanted to impress me with their culinary prowess. And as I sit here and think about food, I realize I am continually surrounded by cooks. I am surrounded by a plethora of great male cooks in my friendship circle: Moses who’s baked whole snapper I am still thinking about almost a year later, Ronald G who invents and creates the most delightful dishes out of traditional favorites and my friend Andry in Boston who probably could give me a run for my money if he ever decided to put his Haitian patties on the market. At first I thought being single had something to do with the males who are great cooks. I thought it was an art they learn to impress the ladies. But some are married, some are single and some are attached in other ways. At last, I don’t think there are that many guyswho know how to cook, I think it’s my greed that leads me to find those who can cook to befriend. The explanation is simple: I love food, so I guess I have radar for picking out the cooks in the lot.   They say sharing is caring. So I thought I would ask two of my favorite cooks to share one of their recipes with the readers of HT. Ronald provides us with a protein rich breakfast while Moses takes Jerk Chicken to a whole other level. Ron G’s Power Breakfast.

It’s Eggs Sunny Side up with Spicy Tuna Fish, Garlic Flavored Reduced Fat Cheese, and Mint/Raspberry Flavored Tea. Ingredients: Eggs (two per person), a can of light tuna in water (in oil is ok but drain properly), a slice each of green and red pepper, 1/3 of an onion diced, one tablespoon of creamy garlic dressing, two tablespoons of vegetable oil, and a bit of cayenne pepper (if you can tolerate it). Directions Dice the green and red pepper and mix them with the diced onion Add that mix to the drained tuna and add the creamy garlic dressing and mix Add the cayenne pepper to taste Add one table spoon of vegetable oil to a pre-heated frying pan Add the tuna mix to the pre-heated oil and cover with aluminum foil until the bottom is crisp then flip Add a table spoon of vegetable oil to a different pre-heated frying pan, crack and add both eggs. Make sure that the pan is not too hot (low-medium heat) so your eggs can fully cook without burning.

Toast two slice of whole grain bread, boil your water, and add the mint and raspberry tea bag(s). Serve the tuna on a large plate with the eggs next to it; opposite the toasted whole grain bread, and a garlic flavored light cheese from the Laughing Cow brand. The tea is sweetened with honey or maybe a bit of brown sugar. Recipe courtesy of Ronald Glemaud Moses’S s Jerk Coq au Vin Ingredients: 4 1/2 - 5 lb. chicken 3 stalks scallion 2 stalks of parsley 1 whole onion. 3-4 cloves, 2 tblspn of garlic, 2 cubes of maggi, 6 ounces of white wine, 2 tspn. black pepper, 6 tbl spn of f jerk seasoning 4 tbl spn of butter 6 tbl spn. Vegetable/olive oil

1 green bell pepper 1 ounce of soy sauce Directions: Clean and cut chicken into pieces. Clean with vinegar and lemon then soak chicken into boiling water for 1 minute. Mix the garlic, cloves, maggi, scallions, parsley, black pepper , jerk seasonings into the blender (or add any other spice to your taste’s desire) Add soy sauce. Marinate chicken in bowl for about an hour. (the longer it’s seasoned, the better the taste. I suggest overnight). Mix the chicken with the seasoning in a bowl. Place sauté pot on stove on medium high heat. Add the oil. Once hot, add chicken pieces. Let brown. Then turn and let other side brown. Once completely brown, Add the

Nadege Fleurimond is the owner & business manager of Fleurimond Catering, Inc., www.fgcatering.com, an off-premise catering firm serving the NY/ NJ/CT/MA areas. She is also the author of a Taste of Life: A Culinary Memoir, a humorous and heart warming compilation of recipes and funny anecdotes. (http://www.nadegefleurimond.com) For questions and comments you may write her at nadege1981@gmail.com.

Cocktail Corner New Orleans Drinks  

Absinthe Frappe Black Licorice in a Glass

1 oz. Anisette 1 oz. Herbsaint Soda Water Pour the anisette and herbstaint into an old fashioned glass filled with ice, stir and add soda water.

Creole 2 oz. light rum 1 oz. lemon juice 1 dash Tabasco sauce 1 dash Worcestershire sauce 1/2 oz. Beef Bouillon dash of salt dash of black pepper lemon slice In a shaker filled with ice, add the rum, beef bouillon, Tabasco, Worcestershire, lemon juice, salt and pepper and shake well.  Strain into a highball glass filled with ice and garnish with the slice of lemon


October 6-12, December 2-8,2010 2009

HTCLASSIFIEDS To an ad ad in in THE THE CLASSIFIEDS Section, call call(718) (718)230 230 ——8700 8700 To place place an CLASSIFIEDS Section,

LEGAL NOTICE LEGAL NOTICE

on 10/12/2005. Office location: adoption Kings County. SSNY has been designated as agent upon whom A BABY IS itOUR DREAM: process against may be served. We'reshall Lorimail & aSteve, loving SSNY copy ofa process couple who's longing NY to to: 184 Kent Ave., Brooklyn, adopt! We care changed about you. 11211, Address to Please call 1-800-982-3678. 649 Morgan Ave 1F, Brooklyn Expenses NY 11222paid. on 03/21/2006 and changed to 319 Bedford Ave #3 Brooklyn, NY 11211 autos Wanted on 10/03/2007. Purpose: To Practice VEHICLE: The Profession Of DONATE RECEIVE Architecture $1000 GROCERY COUPON. NOAH'S ARC SUPPORT NO KILL SHELTERS, RESEARCH SUPREME COURT –COUNTY TO ADVANCE VETERINARY OF KINGS THE CORNERSTONE TREATMENTS FREE FOUNDATIONPlaintiff against 70 TOWING, TAX DEDUCTIBLE, HANSON PLACE HOLDING, LLC NON-RUNNERS ACCEPTED et al Defendant (s). Pursuant to a 1-866-912-GIVE Judgment of Foreclosure and Sale entered herein and dated May 25, 2010, I, the undersigned Business oppoRtunity Referee will sell at public auction at the Kings County Courthouse, ALL CASH VENDING. Do 360 Adams Street, Room 224, you earnNY$800 a day? Brooklyn, on thein 14th day YourOctober, own local route. of 2010candy at 3: 00 PM Includessituate, 25 Machines and premises lying an being in Candy. the Borough of Brooklyn, County AllKings, for City$9,995.888-771of and State of New 3496bounded and described as York, follows: BEGINNING at a point on the southerly side of Hanson Helpdistant Wanted Place, 80 feet easterly from the corner formed by the AIRLINES ARE intersection of theHIRINGsoutherlyTrain side of with theAviation easterly forHanson high Place paying side of South ElliotCareer. Place; being a Maintenance FAA plot 100 feetprogram. by 20 feet by 100 approved Financial feet feet. aid byif20 qualifiedHousing Said premisesCALL knownAviation as 70 Available. Hanson NY Institute Place, of Brooklyn, Maintenance Approximate amount of lien $ (888)349-5387 876,700.00 plus interest & costs. Premises will be sold subject to provisions land of filed judgment and terms of sale. Index Number 16585/07. FRANK ClOSEOUT PELLEGRINI, NC MOUNTAINS ESQ., SALE!Referee Cabin shell, 2+ acres KRISS & FEUERSTEIN LLP private, with great view, very Attorney (s) for Plaintiff& large big trees,waterfalls 360 Avenue, suite publicLexington lake nearby, $99,500 1200, New York, NY 10017 Bank financing. 866-2750442

NOTICE OF FORMATION Of limited OF liability company (LLC). NOTICE FORMATION OF Name: South 4COMPANY. Realty LLC. LIMITED363 LIABILITY Articles of Organization filed NAME: 2865 CONEY ISLAND with Secretary of New AVENUE LLC.of State Articles of York (SSNY) onwere 07/29/2009. Organization filed with Office location:of Kings County. the Secretary State of New SSNY designated agent of York (SSNY) on as 12/14/05. LLC against The upon latest whom date ofprocess dissolution is it12/31/2045.Office may be served. SSNY shall mail location: KingsofCounty. copy process SSNY to: THEhas LLCbeen 199 designated agentBROOKLYN, of the LLC LEE AVENUEas#471 upon11211. whomPurpose: processanyagainst NY lawful it may be served. SSNY shall purpose. mail a copy of process to the LLC, c/o Stuart Goldstein, 150 Great Neck Rd.,– Great Neck, SUPREME COURT COUNTY OF New York 11021, which is also KINGS the registered agentNATIONAL address. DEUTSCHE BANK Purpose: COMPANY, For any lawful TRUST AS purpose. AND CUSTODIAN TRUSTEE FOR MORGAN STANLEY ABS CAPITAL INC, MSAC 2007-HE3, Articlesagainst of Organization filed Plaintiff with the SSNY on 6/25/09 for WENDY GILMORE; CHARLES SAINTWELL GILMORE, et WEALTH-BUILDING al Defendant(s). AND INFORMATION CENTER, Pursuant to a Judgment of LLC, 1405 and Brooklyn Ave 6G, Foreclosure Sale entered on Brooklyn NY 11210. September 15, 2010. I, the undersigned Referee will sell at public auction in Room 274 NOTICE OFCounty FORMATION OF of the Kings Courthouse, LIMITED LIABILITY 360 Adams Street, COMPAGNY. Brooklyn, N.Y. NAME 754day GRAND STREET, on the :4th of November, LLC. Articles of Organization 2010 at 3:00 p.m. Said premises were filed with the Secretary known as 591 Lafayette Avenue, of State ofN.Y. New11216. York (SSNY) Brooklyn, Tax on 09/10/09. date account number: The SBLlatest #: 1784of dissolution is 12/31/2050. 89. Approximate amount of lien Office location:plus Kings County. $ 688,674.21 interest and SSNY has been designated as costs. Premises will be sold subject agent of the LLC upon whom to provisions of filed judgment process may No. be and termsagainst of sale. it Index served. SSNYElena shallMakau, mail a copy 25958-07. Esq., of process to the LLC, 220 Referee. Montauk Street, Valley Stream, Fein Such & Crane, LLP Attorney(s) New York 11580. Purpose: For for Plaintiff any lawful purpose. 1800 First Federal Plaza Rochester, N.Y. 14614 Notice of FORMATION Formation NOTICE OF ooff 6715 Bay L O APkwy., DINGD O CArt. K5 LLC ARCHITECTURE LLC. of Org filed PLLC, Sec’ya Prof. of State Arts. of Org. filed with the Office SSNY (SSNY) 11/2/09. location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall lots & acReage mail copy of process to c/o Domenico and Anna Aulisa, 24 ABANDONED UPSTATE NY Bayridge Parkway, Brooklyn, FARM!etc 10 acres- $26,900 Phentermine, Phendimetrazine, NY 11209 Purpose: any lawful Adjoins State Land, views, Office visit & one month supply activities. mowed fields, woods, apple for $80 trees, lots of deer! Terms! Call now! 877-856-0882 Notice of formation of (631) ALWAYS 462-6161 AT & (516) LLC SEA754-6001 PRODUCTIONS, LLC128 St. Miscellaneous Marks www.MDThin.com Avenue Brooklyn, NY LOOK YOUR BEST 11217. ATTEND COLLEGE ONLINE from home. *Medical, *Business, *Paralegal, Notice of Formation of Golden *Accounting, *Criminal 88 Realty LLC, Art. of Org. filed Job placement Sec'y of State (SSNY) 10/8/09. Justice. Computer Office location: Kings County. assistance SSNY designated as agent of available. Financial Aid if qualified. Call 888-201-8657 LLC upon whom process against www.CenturaOnline.com it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to 6820 15th Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11219. Purpose: any lawful Misc foR sale activities. New italian Leather Living Room Set. Orig. $3000 JWGF ENTERPRISES LLC, Steal for $699* Solid Wood a domestic Limited Liability Captain Stirage Bedroom Company (LLC) filed with New In Box the Sec of State of NY on Orig. $2,800 Steal for $699* 10/23/09. NY Office Call 718-499-4499 location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC Misc foR sale may be served. SSNY shall mail a copy of any process against the LLC served upon CHERRY BEDROOM SET. him/her to Richard Gordon, Solid Wood, never used, brand new in factory boxes. 291 Warren St., Brooklyn, NY English Dovetail. Original 11201. General Purposes cost $4500. Sell for $749.

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out of state land Adoption foR sale

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YAZ_SAU50NY.ai 11/19/2009 4:09:33 PM

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To place an ad in THE CLASSIFIED section, call (718) 230 — 8700 Ad Deadline: 5pm Friday for following issue. Classified ads may be placed over the phone with a credit card from Monday through Friday, 10am to 5pm. Ads may be faxed to (718) 230 — 7172. Ads must be sent in by Friday, 5pm for insertion in the following Wednesday's paper. Please include credit card details (card number, Name, Experation date, a contact phone number) Ads may be sent in via email to info-ht@haitiantimes.com Ads may be sent in by mail. Send typewritten or clearly printed ad along with a check or credit card information and contact phone number to: Haitian Times, Classified Dept., 495 Flatbush Ave. Brooklyn NY 11225 We accept Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover. 3 line minimum for all ads.


22 8

HEALTH&BEAUTY

The Haitian Times

A Better You

By Onyi

Nwosu

Ready or Not, It's Fall

I know you’ve seen them. People still wearing shorts, tank tops or flip flops. Folks still going outside with no jacket on. It’s October. The summer is over. Let’s embrace the fall. I don’t know about you but I love fall fashion, colors, scarves and boots. Don’t get me wrong - I hate the cold, but what can I do? I just embrace it. But for many of us the transition from hot weather to significantly cooler weather can be confusing. For instance, last week in New York City it was 90 degrees, but today it’s 50 degrees. If you’re not paying attention to the weather channel, you’ll be in trouble. Aside from watching the weather channel, there are some things you should do to have a smoother transition from the warmer weather to cooler weather. Switch Up Your Moisturizer You notice when the weather starts to get cooler, you find that your moisturizer just doesn’t do a good job of...well...moisturizing your face? Well, the moisturizer you were using in the summer was tagteaming with warm weather and humidity to keep you moisturized so it didn’t have to do too much work. Now that it’s cold, you’ll need something a little more heavy duty. I’m not saying switch to petroleum jelly, just something a little more

creamy than what you’re using now. Don’t skimp on the sunscreen though. The sun may not be as bright in the fall, but it’s still there and can do some damage. I would recommend getting an exfoliating facial to clear up some of the damage the sun may have caused over the summer. Getting it at the spa would be best, but there are some great at-home exfoliating products out there. Get a Haircut Not only does your skin get a little damage from the sun, but your hair also can get pretty dull from sun exposure. You’ll notice the less curly your hair is, the more likely you’ll notice the sun damage. You may have more split ends or your hair may just be really dry. A trip to the salon will do wonders for your hair. You should ask for a trim to get rid of any split ends and a hydrating masque for your hair to give your hair new life. If a trip to the salon is not within your budget there are some

masques that you can apply at home. As for a trim...hopefully your cousin is not too scissor happy.

October 6-12, 2010

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Lighten Up Your Foundation You ever notice that some people are just not wearing the right color foundation? Sometimes it’s too dark; other times it’s too light. If you’re like me you used to think that some people were either color blind or borrowing the friend’s foundation. While these two scenarios may be true, it could also be that some people don’t realize that their skin gets lighter and darker when the seasons change. In the summertime you’ll need a slightly darker foundation than you would in the wintertime since your skin generally gets darker in the summer and lightens up in the winter. I’d recommend using mineral foundations since they’re less likely to leave that line under your chin and you can blend the colors. Mineral foundation also keep longer and is less likely to spoil. Get a Little Soultry I love playing with colors and fall is a great time to play with some new colors. This summer a lot of neon and light colors were so much fun, but now it’s time to get into some deeper and darker shades. I’m not saying channel Elvira here. Just some nice browns, purples, deep reds and oranges. This applies to your eye shadows, nail colors and lipsticks. Hey, if you’re not into the dark, you can just do nude colors. It’s all good. I hope these tips are helpful and you try at least one out. A new season is the perfect time to try something new. Until next time, cheers to a better you!

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HAIT Aquarius

Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

You may feel as if your hands are tied today and you're faced with absolutely no options, Aquarius. Don't despair over a situation that seems insurmountable. Think of yourself as a terrific magician who can burst out of the strongest chains. You have tricks up your sleeve that can help you escape just about any situation in which you find yourself.

Pisces

Feb. 20 - March 19

This is a good time to take a stand on an issue that you may have been vacillating about lately, Pisces. People will lose confidence in you if you can't seem to make up your mind. What they don't realize is that you've been working overtime to process all the information. Now it's time to express orally what you've discovered mentally.

Aries

March 20 - April 18

Today is one of those days in which you will be bursting at the seams to share big news with your friends, Aries. Perhaps you just received an important package or piece of information and you can't wait to spread the news. Be careful about who might be lurking around, however, because there could be others listening in. They may not necessarily be acting in your best interests.

Taurus

April 19 - May 20

Your old ways of thinking have carried you quite far, Taurus, but you may now find that it's time to seek a new platform for your ideas. Look for more adventurous ways to express yourself. Break out of the old mold and try something new. Once you start in a brand new direction, there will be a great deal of support encouraging you to continue along that way.

Gemini

May 21 - June 20

One quick phone call to a friend may turn into a long discussion about the meaning of life, Gemini. Be conscious of the fact that there's a great deal of momentum building in your mind now. Once the dam breaks, you may soon have a giant flood on your hands. Be careful about releasing all this energy at once, even though you may not seem to have a choice.

Cancer

June 21 - July 22

There's apt to be a comfortable feeling about today that should make you feel quite secure and nurtured, Cancer. Perhaps you're feeling protected by a strong force, maybe an internal one, that's reminding you that as long as you stay within the lines, everything will be fine. There's a familiarity to things that will make it easy for you to navigate any rough waters.

Leo

July 23 - Aug. 22

You could feel like a rat in a maze today, Leo. Walls and long, narrow corridors take you around corners and through doorways, yet there's no indication that you're going in the right direction. Instead of wandering aimlessly, stop and ask for help. You might not have noticed that if you look up, there are knowledgeable beings there who are willing to give you advice based on their lofty perspective.

Virgo

Aug.23 - Sept.22

Don't get so stuck in your ways today that you insist on having the one true answer without really considering the options. You must be aware of a lot before you commit yourself one way or another. The people around you are apt to get annoyed with your narrow-mindedness, for this is how you will be viewed unless you stop and take a considered look at the whole

Libra

Sept.23 - Oct. 22

Quietly step into the background if things aren't going the way you'd like, Libra. Don't try to stick your nose into someone else's business, even if you think you know the right way to proceed. People probably have strong opinions, and they won't be swayed in any direction. The best you can do is take care of yourself. You will probably find that this means you shouldn't be seen or heard.

Scorpio

Oct. 21 - Nov 20

You may have gotten yourself tangled up in a deep mental drama over a series of recent incidents, Scorpio. Your mind may be working overtime in order to solve the riddles. It's quite possible that the reality of the situation is that you're simply making a big deal over nothing. Today is one of those days in which you will face the harsh reality that comes as a consequence of your over-the-top thinking.

Sagittarius

N o v. 2 2 - D e c . 2 1

You may feel as if your smile is unwelcome today, Sagittarius. It may seem to you like there's some sort of gloom and doom to people's attitudes that makes them unwilling to accept any sort of good news. Don't let this stop you from maintaining your own cheerful state. It's important that you not probe too deeply into the reasons behind other people's behavior now

Capricorn

Dec. 22 - Jan 19

Keep careful track of things today, Capricorn, for you will find that the smallest detail will make the biggest difference. Don't hesitate to go with your hunches when something simply doesn't sound right. Stay focused and try not to get caught off guard when emotional issues come out of nowhere and disturb your thoughts. Trust yourself regardless of what's going on around you.

495 Flatb


The Haitian Times

October 6-12, 2010

UEFA

continued from page 24

was incredibly difficult for me to do.” Brown said it was shabby for Whitman not to offer at least initial help to the housekeeper, whom Whitman has described as being like a member of her extended family. ”When someone works with you, you do have familial bonds and ties, and I think

Immigration continued from page 4

a majority of the public are on our side.” The radio spot is playing in nine cities across Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Nevada and Texas. The markets were selected because they have significant Latino populations that could factor heavily in those state’s close elections. Latinos could have the greatest impact in California, where they now make up roughly 20 percent of registered voters. Their rapidly growing turnout, which leapt 85 percent from 2000 to 2008, has helped nudge the state back toward the political left. Brown, Whitman And The Latino Vote They already are figuring heavily in the pitched battle for California governor between Democratic nominee Jerry Brown and Republican nominee Meg Whitman. Most polling puts the race at a statistical tie or shows Brown, the state's attorney general and former governor, holding a narrow lead against Whitman, the former eBay chief executive and first-time candidate. This week Whitman, who has vowed to crack down on businesses employing undocumented workers, has been hit with accusations that she knowingly employed an illegal immigrant as her housekeeper. Whitman has denied the claim, as well as allegations made by the former housekeeper that Whitman ”exploited ... and emotionally and financially abused” her. Latinos favored Brown by 19 points in a Los Angeles Times/University of Southern California poll released Monday. Since nonwhites were evenly split between the two candidates, Brown's 5 percentage point advantage in the overall survey was owed to Latino supporters. The SEUI plans to begin airing another Spanish-language ad in the Los Ange-

Card

continued from page 10

Jan McDavid, an antitrust attorney who represents American Express in other matters, said the government would have trouble proving that American Express had market power, essential to this case, because it had said the opposite in 1998 when it sued Visa and MasterCard in an antitrust case. ”Visa and MasterCard have 70 percent of the credit card market. If you think about debit cards, American Express's market share goes down even more,” said McDavid. ”I think Christine's got a tussle on her hands.” Visa shares closed down 0.10 percent at $73.24, and MasterCard shares closed down 1 percent at $222.64. Investors attributed the declines to uncertainty about a law due to go into effect next year that will limit debit-card transaction fees

if that story is to be believed, I think Meg flunked the most fundamental test of all, and that is to treat people with respect and decency,” he told reporters in a post-debate news conference. Whitman also is addressing allegations from the housekeeper's attorney that she and her husband, a Stanford neurosurgeon, should have suspected the worker's status because of a Social Security Administration letter mailed to their home in 2003.

les and Fresno markets on Saturday that attacks Whitman over the housekeeper flap: ”Whitman attacks undocumented workers to win votes, but an undocumented woman worked in her home for nine years,” the narrator says. ”Whitman says one thing in Spanish and something different in English. ... The real Meg Whitman has no shame. She's a two-faced woman.” Whitman denounced the ad at a press conference Thursday. ”I have been to Spanish communities ... Latino communities throughout this state and I have worked very hard to win the vote of Latinos,” she said. The Brown campaign and organized labor ”are nervous about it,” Whitman added. ”Their campaign is in trouble. They are worried. They took Latinos for granted.” Indeed, Latinos don't appear deeply enthusiastic about Brown, according to the research group Latino Decisions, which conducted the oversampling of Latino voters for the survey. The survey shows Brown with the support of 54 percent of Latino voters, compared with the 66 percent who favored California's Democratic Sen. Barbara Boxer, who is in the midst of a tough re-election campaign. The Whitman campaign sees a chance to carve away some Latino support. Of the $38 million she has spent on TV advertising, Whitman has put $4.5 million into Hispanic media, according to Evan Tracey, president of CMAG, an Arlington, Va., firm that tracks political advertising on television. By comparison, Tracey says, Brown has made no ad buys with Latino media. That's where the SEIU has stepped in, announcing this week a $5 million effort to mobilize Latino voters for Brown. The story was first published in NPR. org.

merchants pay both companies and their partner banks. ”Any time you can get a headwind like the DoJ lawsuit behind you that's a positive ... but I think the overriding issue right now is (still) the Durbin amendment” restricting debit fees, said Michael Nix, a portfolio manager at Greenwood Capital Associates, who owns Visa shares. Visa said that as part of the settlement, it would allow merchants to offer discounts to consumers who use certain types of cards, such as non-rewards credit cards, which carry lower interchange fees. Until this year, these fees have been relatively unregulated in the United States. ”Credit cards cost phenomenally more in the U.S. than abroad and the DOJ action will help open the market,” said David Balto, a former policy director at the Federal Trade Commission's competition office.

23

Gloria Allred, the housekeeper's attorney, is a longtime supporter of Democratic candidates. Whitman told reporters after the debate the controversy is a sideshow from the issues Californians want to focus on, such as jobs and education. Brown and Whitman had several lengthy exchanges over high-profile immigration issues, including whether illegal immigrants already in the country should be able to seek citizenship and whether the government should crack down on employers who hire illegal workers. They also sparred over the DREAM Act, which would let U.S. high school graduates who were brought into the country illegally as children become legal residents after spending two years in college or the military. ”We need a better e-verify system, three strikes and you're out, you get fined, you lose your business license,” Whitman said about her belief that employers need to be targeted. ”If we do not hold employers accountable, we will never get our arms around this very challenging problem,” Brown pounced. ”Ms. Whitman obviously didn't crack down on herself,” he said. ”This is a question of talking out of both sides of her mouth.” The candidates also faced a question about the DREAM Act from a woman who said she was a senior at the university and was an illegal immigrant. Without a pathway to citizenship, she won't be able to work legally after graduation, even though she was at the top of her class when she graduated from a California high school. Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoed a state DREAM Act bill just days ago.

Brown said he would sign the law if it came to him as governor. Whitman opposes it. ”She wants to kick you out of the school because you are not documented, and that is wrong — morally and humanly,” he told the woman. Whitman said California citizens should have first crack at California's overcrowded colleges, which are under financial strain because of budget cuts. ”This is a very tough situation, but I don't think it's fair to the people who are here in California legally,” she said. ”I don't think we can carve out a group of illegal immigrants and get them a path to citizenship when we haven't sorted out control of our borders and getting our arms around illegal immigration.” Whitman reiterated her opposition to a path to citizenship and tried to shift blame for immigration problems to the federal government, saying the first priority should be securing the border with Mexico. Brown said he would treat all Californians equally ”as God's children.” ”You don't just bring in semi-serfs and say do our dirty work, and then we're finished with you like an orange and just throw it away. That's after you've squeezed it. That's not right,” he said. Whitman said later that her messages of job creation and improving K-12 schools are resonating with Latino voters, and she'll continue to focus on that. ”Without jobs, there is no future. Without keeping California's businesses here, there is no future,” she said. ”Every Latino family that I have run into says if we do not fix our education system there is no way forward, and so I am deeply committed to education.”

Construction

left homeless by the quake, who live in cramped tent and tarpaulin cities crammed into spaces across the city. Six camp occupants were killed in a violent storm last week and aid workers say the quake survivors remain vulnerable to winds and floods in the remaining hurricane season months. Bellerive told Reuters $10 billion would be needed to build decent housing for all of the homeless and destitute, and the cost of removing quake rubble alone would be $1.2 billion. He said the $11 billion pledged by foreign donors for Haiti's rebuilding and development over the next decade would fall short of the overall needs, unless the crippled Caribbean state received a massive injection of foreign investment.

continued from 3

ace. Haiti won its independence in 1804 following a violent slave revolt. In another historic site reconstruction initiative, a well-known British architect, John McAslan, has been appointed to rebuild and restore Port-au-Prince's Iron Market, which was badly damaged by a 2008 fire and the January earthquake. Originally built in 1891, the market is a cultural, historic and architectural landmark in the downtown area. This restoration project is backed by Irish-owned mobile phone operator Digicel, the biggest foreign investor in Haiti. The government also faces the huge task of rehousing some 1.3 million people

Nobel

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medicine at Sheffield University, said, ”The only sadness is that Patrick Steptoe has not lived to see this day because it was always a joint team effort.” The Nobel is not given posthumously. It was not immediately clear why it took so long to honor such groundbreaking research. Initially, there was concern about the health of test-tube babies, ”so it was, of course, very, very important that Louise Brown was healthy and that subsequent babies also were healthy,” prize committee member Christer Hoog said. Despite the absence of Steptoe, committee secretary Goran Hansson said Edwards ”deserves a Nobel Prize on his own”

because he made the fundamental discoveries that made IVF therapy possible. A statement from Bourn Hall in Cambridge, England, the world's first IVF clinic, which was founded by the two researchers, said Edwards was too ill to give interviews. ”I spoke to his wife, and she was delighted. And she was sure he would be delighted, too,” Hansson told reporters in Stockholm after announcing the $1.5 million (10 million kronor) award. Lori B. Andrews of the Chicago-Kent College of Law says making embryos in a lab created a host of ethical issues that have never been fully resolved. The medicine award was the first of the 2010 Nobels to be announced. It will be followed by physics on Tuesday, chemistry on Wednesday, literature on Thursday, the peace prize on Friday and economics on Monday Oct. 11.


Haitian Times 6Oct10