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Massimo Ficcadenti, whose promoted side briefly topped the Italian standings after three matches. “We are not looking at the table. We just want to stay up.” A similar refrain resounds in France, where ten-time champions St Etienne have returned to the Ligue 1 summit for the first time since February 1982, despite having finished in 17th place for the past two seasons. Les Verts forward Bakary Sako credits coach Christophe Galtier with the turnaround. “Since his arrival, he’s tried to create a team spirit,” said Sako prior to his team’s 1-0 win at neighbours Lyon on Saturday. “He told us that, if we wanted to stay up, we’d only achieve it by collective effort.” Herculean task The biggest shock of the season’s early

weeks was Barcelona’s 2-0 loss at home to Hercules in their second league game. It was the heaviest home defeat of Pep Guardiola’s tenure and the Barcelona coach was full of praise for the La Liga newcomers, who are sitting snugly in mid-table after beating Sevilla 2-0 at the weekend. “I congratulate Hercules,” he said. “They came here and played well. They made it difficult for us and they got their reward.” Making life difficult, in the form of aggressive pressing, is increasingly the buzz tactic for unfancied teams taking on star-studded opposition. Arsenal fell to a 3-2 defeat at home to promoted West Bromwich Albion in the Premier League on Saturday and victorious coach Roberto di Matteo credited a high-octane defensive effort for his side’s unlikely triumph. “We

pressed them very high, in their half, all over the pitch,” said the Italian. “We managed not to let them play their usual way.” It is a recurring theme. Mainz striker Adam Szalai said his side’s “mission” against Bayern had been “to put the pressure on,” while Cesena’s 2-0 defeat of AC Milan earlier this month was described in the Italian press as a testament to the organisation and work-rate of Ficcadenti’s team. Under-achieving heavyweights such as Bayern, Liverpool and Lyon seem to be paying the price for squads full of international players who have taken time to rediscover form and fitness after the rigours of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Teams like Mainz, Cesena, St Etienne and Hercules, on the other hand, have been able to attack the campaign with a full preseason behind them and a playing staff comprised of hungry, injury-free players. The South Africa 2010 hangover theory can only be stretched so far, however. Chelsea’s players endured a disastrous tournament, with Nicolas Anelka sent home by France, Didier Drogba breaking his arm and Frank Lampard and Ashley Cole failing to impress once again for England. And yet, prior to Saturday’s defeat at Manchester City, the Premier League leaders had begun the campaign with five straight wins and an average of 4.2 goals scored per game. Attributing the surprise results to the after-effects of the 2010 FIFA World Cup would also be doing a disservice to the industry, attitude and ambition of the ‘little’ teams who refuse to follow the script. The story was first published in

Big Guns Out To Bounce Back Europe’s thoroughbreds have plenty to prove going into Matchday 2 of the UEFA Champions League’s group stage, following a largely disappointing weekend on the domestic front. While only one of England’s quartet of representatives avoided defeat, Real Madrid drew a blank at Levante and reigning European champions Inter Milan suffered their first loss of the Serie A season. Last season’s runners-up Bayern Munich fared no better, going down 2-1 at home to surprise Bundesliga pacesetters Mainz, and Lyon dropped to 18th place in Ligue 1 after local rivals SaintEtienne stunned them at the Stade

Gerland. One side to buck the trend were Barcelona, who have lost none of their cutting edge despite the injury-enforced absence of Lionel Messi. The Catalans have a revenge mission in Russia against Rubin Kazan, while Valencia, the only side still above them in La Liga, entertain misfiring Manchester United in the pick of the matches. After losing their FIFA World Cup-winning trio of David Villa, David Silva and Carlos Marchena in the close season, the Spaniards could not have dreamed of making such an impressive start to the new campaign. Having recruited

wisely with the proceeds of those sales, Unai Emery’s overachievers have dropped just two points in the league so far and began their Group C bid with a thumping 4-0 win at Bursaspor. In contrast, Manchester United are still some way short of peak form, as they showed in a scratchy 2-2 draw at Bolton on Sunday. Held to a goalless stalemate by Rangers in their section opener, the faltering English giants will be hop-

ing their talented individuals can summon up enough inspiration to compensate for their collective failings. If they are to end a sequence of three consecutive away draws however, they will have to do so without the injured duo of Ryan Giggs and Antonio Valencia. The other m a t c h e s Although his side kickstarted their season with an injury-time win at home to Inter last week, Roma coach Claudio Ranieri will be taking nothing for


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UN Hands Out Shelter Materials To Haitian Quake Survivors Hit By Storm

Rise of Europe’s Underdogs Unheralded Mainz top the table in Germany, Cesena have led Serie A, St Etienne are back at the summit of the French first division and Barcelona were beaten, at home, by minnows Hercules. Strange things are afoot in European football. Over the early weeks of the season, in every major league on the continent, the big guns have struggled and the lesser lights have seized their chances. Mainz beat reigning German champions Bayern Munich 2-1 on Saturday to record their sixth win in six league matches. Their completely unexpected form has taken them to the top of the Bundesliga for the first time in their history, while Bayern are already ten points off the pace in ninth. “We don’t feel bigger than we are,” said Mainz coach Thomas Tuchel, whose charges are just one win short of the league record for consecutive wins at the start of a season. Last season’s German runners-up Schalke, meanwhile, opened the campaign with four straight defeats and sit second from bottom with a single win to their name. An almost identical fate has befallen Roma, who are also in the relegation zone despite having finished second in the Italian top flight last term. Lyon, second in France last season, are currently 18th with just one win from seven league games, while five-time European champions Liverpool are only three points off the bottom of England’s Premier League. For the teams bucking the trends in the early weeks of the 2010/11 campaign, the common denominators are belief, heart and good old-fashioned hard work. “There’s no particular secret to our game. We are playing with team spirit,” said Cesena coach


granted when I Giallorossi entertain Cluj. The Romanians, who collected three points in their Group E opener against Basel, secured a shock victory on their last visit to the Stadio Olimpico two years ago, an upset Francesco Totti and Co will be out to atone for. In the other game in the section a Bayern Munich side shorn of Franck Ribery, Arjen Robben and Diego Contento travel to Basel hoping to put their poor domestic form behind them. Perennial candidates Chelsea have never lost to French opposition in the competition, although see UEFA on page 23

Residents of more than 160 of the numerous temporary settlements that sprang up in Haiti following January’s catastrophic earthquake have been hit by a deadly rainstorm that lashed the capital, Port-au-Prince, on Friday and are in urgent need of shelter material, the United Nations reported today.

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Haiti’s Presidential Elections Tests Country’s Ailing Democracy BURLINGTON — Extradited from the Dominican Republic, wanted in Pennsylvania and indicted in Vermont for allegedly smuggling illegal immigrants, a former adviser to U.S. missionaries who were accused of taking children out of Haiti was ordered held without bail Friday.

Woman hold sign at Haiti Solidarity Network of The North East March Sept. 25 to protest the tent cities and deplorable conditions in Haiti.

Penn's Haiti Camp Hit by Storms

More Than $1B In Federal Funds To Aid Haiti Still Tied Up In Washington

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The actor and his team of volunteers and experts were forced to temporarily abandon the HRO's Petion- Ville Camp and relocate to a club gymnasium in Port-au-Prince until the storm passed on Sunday.

page 9 Dieudonne Cedor Passed Away The famous Haitian painter Dieudonne Cedor had died Sept 27 at his home in Carrefour, a neighborhood of Port-au-Prince. Cedor had been ill for several months. He was 85.

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Photo by Greg Dunkel

By Xxxxxxxx Haitian Times Staff PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — Nearly nine months after the earthquake, more than a million Haitians still live on the streets between piles of rubble. One reason: Not a cent of the $1.15 billion the U.S. promised for rebuilding has arrived. The money was pledged by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in March for use this year in rebuilding. The U.S. has already spent more than $1.1 billion on post-quake relief, but without long-term funds, the reconstruction of the wrecked capital cannot begin. With just a week to go before fiscal 2010 ends, the money is still tied up in Washington. At fault: bureaucracy, disorganization and a lack of urgency, The Associated Press learned in interviews with officials in the State Department, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, the White House and the U.N. Office of the Special Envoy. One senator has held up a key authorization bill because of a $5 million provision he says

will be wasteful. Meanwhile, deaths in Port-au-Prince are mounting, as quake survivors scramble to

“I don’t think (the money) will make any difference,” said Haitian human rights advocate Pierre Esperance. “Haitian people are not really involved in this process.” live without shelter or food. “There are truly lives at stake, and the idea that folks are spending more time fingerpointing than getting this solved is almost unbelievable,” said John Simon, a former

U.S. ambassador to the African Union who is now with the Center for Global Development, a Washington think tank. Nor is Haiti getting much from other donors. Some 50 other nations and organizations pledged a total of $8.75 billion for reconstruction, but just $686 million of that has reached Haiti so far — less than 15 percent of the total promised for 2010-11. The lack of funds has all but halted reconstruction work by CHF International, the primary U.S.-funded group assigned to remove rubble and build temporary shelters. Just 2 percent of rubble has been cleared and 13,000 temporary shelters have been built — less than 10 percent of the number planned. The Maryland-based agency is asking the U.S. government for $16.5 million to remove more than 21 million cubic feet of additional rubble and build 4,000 more temporary houses out of wood and metal. see AID on page 12


The Haitian Times





Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a exprimé sa tristesse en raison des pertes en vies humaines et des dégâts matériels causés par la tornade et la dépression qui se sont abattues vendredi sur Portau-Prince. Le dernier bilan partiel de la Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC) fait état de 7 morts et 67 blessés. Un reporter de radio Métropole a constaté que des dégâts importants ont été enregistrés dans de nombreux camps d'hébergement à Delmas et Port-au-Prince notamment. Plus de 40 équipes comprenant du personnel des Nations Unies, des agences humanitaires et du Gouvernement haïtien ont procédé à une évaluation des dégâts. Une mission de reconnaissance aérienne a été menée conjointement avec le gouvernement haïtien, révèlent des responsables de la mission onusienne. Dans le même temps, les responsables du Bureau de la coordination des affaires humanitaires (OCHA) ont indiqué que les équipes de l'ONU avaient visité quelques 300 camps de déplacés internes. « Les rapports font état de 11.000 familles ayant besoin d'assistance pour des abris, dont certains vivant dans des



immeubles qui n'avaient pas été affectés par le tremblement de terre de janvier dernier », précise l'Ocha. Les sinistrés du Camp d'hébergement de Corail-Cesse lesse ont été une nouvelle fois touchés de plein fouet par les bourrasques de vents et les fortes averses. L'Organisation Mondiale de la Migration (OIM) affirme avoir recensé 110 familles, soit près de 500 personnes, comme des victimes directes de la dépression du 24 septembre. Les familles affectés sont actuellement hébergées dans des abris en dur. De nouvelles averses ont été enregistrées lundi soir dans la région métropolitaine. Le Centre National de Météorologie (CNM) annonce que les intempéries se poursuivront au cours des 4 prochains jours. **** Le chef de l'Etat haïtien René Préval craint une faible participation de l'électorat aux législatives et présidentielles du 28 novembre. Répondant aux questions de journaliste en marge d'une rencontre avec le chef de la diplomatie française, le président Préval s'est dit préoccupé par l'impact de la catastrophe du 12 janvier sur l'engouement des électeurs potentiels. En ce qui a trait aux éventuels cas d'irrégularités le président Préval a rappelé qu'il avait demandé à l'OEA et à la CARICOM de déployer des observateurs dans le pays pour suivre le processus électoral. René Préval espère que la campagne électorale ouverte hier se déroule dans une bonne ambiance. ”Ayons une campagne de façon civilisée”. ”Il ne s'agit pas de mener une campagne agressive contre un compétiteur. Mieux vaut

dire ce qu'on va faire au lieu d'essayer de détruire le compétiteur. J'espère qu'il y aura de préférence une bataille d'idées”, a déclaré M. Préval. Le président Préval est également préoccupé par les conditions sécuritaires. ”Je m'en vais le 7 février 2011. Il y aura des élections pour permettre que des dirigeants légitimes puissent continuer de diriger le pays. Mais il y aura des problèmes. Notre police (PNH) compte moins de 10.000 membres alors que nous aurons plus de 10.000 bureaux de vote. Avec la Minustah on va essayer de tenir le plus possible le climat de sécurité, mais Les soldats de l'ONU ne parlent créole, ne parlent pas français”, a ajouté M. Préval. Le chef de la Minustah, Edmond Mulet, avait admis hier que les forces de l'ordre ne pourront pas être présentes dans tous les centres de vote. **** Le ministre français des affaires étrangères, Bernard Kouchner, a bouclé hier une visite officielle de 72 heures en Haïti. A l'issue d'une rencontre avec le chef de l'Etat haïtien, René Préval, le chef de la diplomatie française a souhaité que les haïtiens prennent plus de responsabilité dans la reconstruction de leur pays. «Je partage avec les Haïtiens la nécessité de prendre en charge leurs propres affaires. Plus vite la communauté internationale s'en ira et mieux ce sera. Cela voudra dire que les Haïtiens ont leurs responsabilités en main», a insisté M. Kouchner. Il a reconnu des «liens sentimentaux entre la France et Haïti qui n'ont pas été suivis après l'indépendance de la première république noire», mais n'a pas voulu évoquer le

September 29-October 5, 2010

dossier du remboursement de la dette de l'indépendance. Répondant aux critiques sur la lenteur des projets de reconstruction, M. Kouchner a rappelé que plus d'1 milliard de dollars ont été déjà dépensés ou engagés sur les 10 milliards promis par la communauté internationale. «On peut très bien comprendre l'impatience des Haïtiens, mais il faut bien voir la réalité. La réalité c'est qu'on ne peut pas reconstruire à l'identique. Ce serait un très mauvais service à rendre aux Haïtiens si on faisait comme avant», a-t-il insisté. **** Le célèbre peintre haïtien Dieudonné Cédor a rendu l’âme lundi à l’âge de 85 ans à son domicile à Carrefour. Il était malade depuis plusieurs mois. C’est une très grosse perte », selon Mireille Pérodin Jérôme, directrice de la galerie d’art Ateliers Jérôme qui commentait le décès de l’artiste. Né en 1925, à Anse à Veau, commune du département des Nippes, Cédor a débuté en 1947 au Centre d’Art, fondé trois ans plus tôt sous l’impulsion de l’américain Dewitt Peters. « Je me sens sereine parce que je suis allée le voir quelques jours avant sa mort à l’hôpital, j’étais heureuse de lui parler », a déclaré la ministre de la Culture, Marie Laurence Jocelyn Lassègue jointe au téléphone par HPN. C’est un grand peintre qui a formé beaucoup de jeunes, je crois qu’il part tranquille d’un travail bien fait. Le gouvernement salue son départ et le travail colossal qu’il a réalisé, poursuit Mme Lassègue.

Apprendre l’orthographe du “kreyòl” Du côté de chez Hugues

par Hugues St. Fort

Selon la grande majorité des linguistes contemporains, tous les êtres humains sont nés avec la faculté de langage, capacité cognitive distinctive de l’homme dans tout le règne animal. Quand nous sommes des locuteurs natifs, nous n’apprenons pas formellement ou explicitement la langue de notre environnement social. Nous savons intuitivement comment former et interpréter des mots et des phrases. Par exemple, un bébé né à New York et dont les parents déménagent à Port-au-Prince quand il est âgé de trois mois, parlera et comprendra le créole haïtien vers l’âge de deux ou trois ans, pratiquement sans effort particulier. Le célèbre linguiste américain Noam Chomsky, professeur à MIT, explique ce phénomène en faisant l’hypothèse que le langage est inné chez les êtres humains. (Il existe une littérature immense écrite par Chomsky et sur Chomsky sur cette hypothèse). Grâce à cette prédisposition génétique, tout enfant est en mesure d’acquérir la grammaire de sa langue native en se basant sur les données pourtant réduites qu’il se procure dans son entourage et surtout sans aucun apprentissage formel. Depuis Chomsky, et la démolition qu’il avait faite en 1957

dans un compte rendu du livre de B.F. Skinner, Verbal Behavior, le behaviorisme étant la théorie selon laquelle nous apprenons une langue par de simples principes associatifs, tous ceux qui s’intéressent au langage et aux langues savent que les langues ne s’acquièrent pas par imitation. Le petit enfant qui acquiert sa langue native y arrive par un véritable travail de création individuelle, à partir d’un processus instinctif. Pour Chomsky, l’acquisition d’une langue est une activité particulière à tous les êtres humains quelqu’ils soient et comporte des processus mentaux distincts de ceux qui nous permettent d’apprendre à jouer aux échecs, par exemple. C’est aussi une activité entièrement subconsciente, involontaire et généralement non guidée par nos parents. L’une des thèses principales introduites par Chomsky et renforcées par d’autres recherches est que les enfants sont venus au monde avec une capacité innée pour le langage. Apparemment, le cerveau humain est « prêt » pour le langage. Cela veut dire que, quand les enfants sont placés dans un milieu sociolinguistique où telle langue particulière est parlée, ils mettent alors en œuvre des principes généraux du langage qui leur permettent de découvrir et structurer les divers éléments de cette langue. C’est ainsi qu’ils arrivent à  parler la langue de leur milieu social.   Le langage se manifeste à travers les langues qui sont multiples, complexes et semblent fort différentes les unes des autres. En réalité, selon Chomsky, il existe

des principes abstraits (Principles and Parameters) qui gouvernent les langues et qui sont considérés comme des propriétés universelles du langage. Ces propriétés se retrouvent donc dans la majorité des langues humaines. L’ensemble de ces caractéristiques est désigné sous le nom de « Grammaire Universelle » (G.U.) J’ai tenu à présenter cette très brève et très schématique introduction consacrée au langage et aux langues même si le sujet de cet article concerne l’orthographe. En effet, la plupart de mes compatriotes se font une fausse idée de la nature de l’orthographe qu’ils mettent sur le même pied que la langue. Répétons-le encore une fois : l’orthographe n’est pas la langue. La langue est un système abstrait de règles qui permettent aux locuteurs d’une communauté linguistique de produire des phrases grammaticales comprises par l’ensemble de cette communauté. Chaque langue possède son propre système de règles que les locuteurs mettent en œuvre pour se faire comprendre. L’orthographe est un système de notation des sons d’une langue par des signes écrits. Ce système de notation des sons n’est pas inné, il doit être appris dans la communauté, même par le locuteur natif et, dans toutes les sociétés humaines, il a une histoire. Malgré que le français soit la langue maternelle des Français, le petit Français doit apprendre l’orthographe de la langue française. Sinon, il ne pourra jamais l’écrire correctement. Il y a un nombre assez important de locuteurs français qui, parce qu’ils n’ont pas été scolari-

sés, ne peuvent pas lire et écrire le français qu’ils parlent pourtant couramment. Le même phénomène se retrouve aux Étatsunis où il existerait environ plus de 30 millions d’analphabètes. De plus, ce ne sont pas toutes les langues du monde qui sont écrites. Des 6.000 langues environ parlées par les êtres humains (c’est une estimation généralement partagée par la majorité des linguistes), plus des trois quarts d’entre elles ne sont pas écrites, bien qu’elles fonctionnent comme des langues à part entière pour les populations qui les parlent. Elles ne deviennent pas langues parce que, brusquement, on a édifié pour elles une orthographe, un système d’écriture. Elles ont toujours été des langues parce qu’elles ont toujours fonctionné en tant que telles. Il existe plusieurs types de systèmes d’écriture. Celui qui est le plus largement utilisé reste l’écriture alphabétique. Ce système semble être le plus économique quand on le compare aux autres systèmes car il est basé sur une correspondance entre phonèmes et graphèmes. La plupart des alphabets contiennent entre 20 et 30 symboles mais dans la mesure où les systèmes de sons sont relativement complexes, les alphabets sont assez variés en termes de grandeur. L’alphabet du français et de l’anglais contient 26 lettres tandis que l’alphabet du créole haïtien en a 30 ou 31 selon la façon dont on analyse les see HUGUES on page 9

September 29-October 5, 2010

UN Chief Saddened by Haiti Storm Deaths UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is saddened by the loss of life and damage caused by a flash storm in Haiti. 'The Secretary-General is saddened by the loss of life and damage caused by the sudden rainstorm in Haiti Sept. 24. He extends his deepest condolences to the families of those who have died,' the UN official said in a statement. Three adults and two children were killed in the tarp, tent and shack camps that still dominate Port-au-Prince more than eight months after the Jan. 12 earthquake. Several more were injured. The storm passed through the mountainringed bowl of the Haitian capital, exposing rubble-filled neighborhoods to wind and rain at levels far below a sustained tropical storm. But that was enough to provoke panic and chaos, especially in encampments still home to more than 1.3 million people. Gales sent tarps and poles flying, threw tin roofs into the sky and opened family shacks to falling rain. Wind rattled walls and windows of standing buildings with a clamor reminiscent of the quake itself. Reports of storm damage and deaths were slow to filter in as cell phone reception reamined degraded hours after the storm passed. But for those living in this ravaged city, where reconstruction has barely begun, it was a forceful reminder of the danger still posed to a vulnerable country by an active Atlantic hurricane season months from being over. The spokesperson said the United Nations was 'responding to the situation. 'More than 40 teams composed of staff of the United Nations, aid agencies and the Government of Haiti are currently assessing the damage, and an aerial assessment is being conducted with the Government. 'MINUSTAH's (United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti) forces are deployed throughout Port au Prince and are helping people who have been trapped

Children embrace at a muddy path of a refugee camp in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, Saturday, Sept. 25, 2010.

or are in need of medical assistance,' the statement said. While 'adequate supplies' have been provided by the aid community, the UN spokesperson said, Ban 'stressed the importance of the need for continued support for Haiti where $US450 million ($A474.71 million) is

still required to meet ongoing needs.' Several other Haitian cities were also hit by the storm, prompting officials to fear a higher casualty toll. US meteorologists said the storm was not linked to any tropical storm system. Meteorologists saw only a low-pressure system move across the Greater Antilles.

The Haitian Times


UN Hands Out Shelter Materials To Haitian Quake Survivors Hit By Storm Residents of more than 160 of the numerous temporary settlements that sprang up in Haiti following January’s catastrophic earthquake have been hit by a deadly rainstorm that lashed the capital, Port-au-Prince, on Friday and are in urgent need of shelter material, the United Nations reported today. At least 1 million people are still living in tent camps or makeshift housing, eight months after the earthquake struck the country, killing around 200,000 people. Needs assessments in the camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) have identified 11,000 families requiring shelter assistance after the brief but intense storm. Humanitarian agencies have so far distributed more than 5,400 tarpaulins and nearly 4,670 tents to over 3,200 families, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). While sufficient stocks of shelter material are available to meet the needs created by the storm, they will need to be replenished quickly. Camp health facilities that were identified as having been damaged by the storm have since be repaired, according to OCHA. UN Police have conducted 191 joint patrols with the Haitian National Police in IDP camps and no incidents have been reported. Some 200 soldiers have provided escort security to aid workers distributing tarpaulins to camp residents.

Empowering & Protecting Adolescent Girls in Haiti New York, NY- The Haiti Ado- Haiti in last January left more from their parents. lescent Girls Network, a coalition than 3.7 million Haitians in need Prior to the earthquake, 42% of of humanitarian organizations of humanitarian assistance. The girls in urban areas aged 10-14 cofounded by AmeriCares and quake not only leveled build- years old lived without parents. the Population Council, today ings, but damaged already weak The numbers have increased received high level recognition institutions and exacerbated the since January leaving girls as for its efforts to reduce girls’ risks acute challenges facing women young as 10 to provide for their of poverty, violence and rape. and children stemming from younger siblings. The Network’s exemplary With so much responsicollaboration and commitbility thrust upon them at ment to empower and proa young age, the girls As their future is reconfig- such tect Haitian girls was feaare at risk of not finishing tured during the opening ured so are the families they school and being caught in plenary session of the 2010 the cycle of poverty. Even Clinton Global Initiative support and the communities worse, living in displaceannual meeting held Sept. ment camps and slums, girls in which they live. 23 in New York City. are now especially vulnerThe innovative program able to violence. was launched with leadA recent survey conership support from Nike ducted by INURED, a local Foundation, Abundance Founda- decades of political insecurity Haitian research organization, tion, NoVo Foundation, United and recurrent natural disasters reported that 14% of the residents Nations Foundation and Partridge in that country. The earthquake of Port-au-Prince’s largest shanTrust. orphaned thousands of children tytown, Cité Soleil, witnessed or The earthquake that shattered and separated thousands more experienced violence, including

beatings and rape. The study also reported that it is common for girls living in relief camps to resort to trading sex for food and shelter. The Haiti Adolescent Girls Network is spearheading a movement to bring groups of at-risk girls together at least weekly in dedicated girls-only, safe spaces. “We are empowering adolescent girls to secure their rights and health, receive psychological support, continue their education and find safe and productive livelihoods. As their future is reconfigured so are the families they support and the communities in which they live,” said Judith Bruce, Senior Associate and Policy Analyst at the Population Council. The Haiti Adolescent Girls Network was founded on the possibility that even in times of

violence and tragedy, the most extraordinary results can be achieved through collaboration and a common vision. The organizations in the Network are committed to increasing awareness among humanitarian responders and service providers about the distinctive and critical needs of adolescent girls in the post-earthquake Haiti. “Having a diverse group of local and international organizations come together with a shared vision is incredibly powerful. We invite others to join this collaborative effort. Together we can reduce risk and create opportunity for girls, and put them at the forefront of building back a better Haiti,” Curt Welling, President and CEO of AmeriCares, said. The story was first published by


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

U.S.: FBI Chastised for Spying on Activists NEW YORK, (IPS/GIN) - The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) improperly spied on U.S. activists involved in First Amendment-protected activities and mischaracterised nonviolent civil disobedience as terrorism, which placed innocent activists on terror watch lists, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) charged Tuesday in response to a new report by the Justice Department's Inspector General. Inspector General Glenn A. Fine undertook his investigation after a Freedom of Information Act request by the ACLU uncovered evidence that ”the FBI was chilling political association and improperly investigating peaceful advocacy groups”, the civil rights group said in a statement. The Inspector General (IG) found the improper investigations were often opened based on ”factually weak” or even ”speculative” justifications, and were sometimes extended in duration without sufficient basis. The IG said that the low standard for opening investigations under the 2002 Attorney General Guidelines, which required only the ”possibility” of a federal crime, contributed to the problem. ”The FBI also made false and misleading statements to Congress and the American public to mute criticism over its unlawful spying activities, including a false claim that improper surveillance of a 2002 antiwar protest in Pittsburgh was related to a separate, validly approved FBI investigation,” the report alleges. It says that this incorrect information was repeated by FBI Director Robert Mueller before Congress and in communications

between the Bureau and Senator Patrick Leahy, Democrat of Vermont, who is chair of the committee. Michael German, ACLU Senior Policy Counsel and a former FBI agent, told IPS, ”Basically what the IG report shows is that the FBI spied on a lot of political activists for no good reason. This wasn't just a waste of time and resources that could have been better spent looking at real criminals and terrorists, it had real consequences for the victims, getting them placed in terrorism databases and watchlists that led to more spying and travel delays. And unfortunately in many of the cases, the IG said the FBI's rules allowed this inappropriate spying.” Despite the public outcry over the 2006 disclosure that federal agents had investigated dozens of domestic political advocacy groups, the FBI was motivated by concerns that members of the groups might commit crimes and was not spying on them because of their political views, the IG's report said. However, the report is sharply critical of the FBI for characterising certain nonviolent crimes related to protest activities as terrorism. And it attacked the bureau for making a series of ”false and misleading statements to the public and to Congress” about its surveillance of an antiwar protest on Nov. 29, 2002. The FBI was quick to revert to defensive mode. An FBI spokesman, Michael Kortan, told the Washington Post that the report's most important finding was that after ”an exhaustive review of hundreds of investigative decisions the FBI made after the Sep. 11 attacks,” the IG's office ”did not uncover even a single instance where the FBI tar-

Inspector General Glenn A. Fine

geted any group based on the exercise of a First Amendment right”. Kortan also said that the report did not suggest ”any significant modifications” of the bureau's investigative powers. The report involved investigations of antiwar, environmentalist and animal rights groups from the 2001 terrorist attacks through much of the administration of President George W. Bush. In an extensive article on the report, New York Times writer Charlie Savage noted that in the case of the 2002 Pittsburgh protest, an FBI agent who attended the event

detailed leafleting by people associated with the Thomas Merton Center, described in the agent's report as a ”left-wing organisation” that advocated pacifism, to protest the coming Iraq war. The account described the leaflets as making such claims as that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction and raised questions about whether the centre was linked to Muslims. Thomas Merton (1915-1968) is arguably the most influential American Catholic author of the twentieth century. Pittsburgh's Thomas Merton Center was founded in 1972 to protest the continuation of the war in Vietnam. The centre raised funds for medical aid to Indochina and provided information for schools and religious education programmes on racism, poverty, and war. Later, FBI director Mueller told Congress that the agent was trying to ”identify an individual who happened to be, we believed, in attendance at that rally”. But the inspector general found this story to be false: a supervisor had sent the agent to the protest as a ”make- work” assignment to see if any subjects of Pittsburgh terrorism investigations ”happened to show up without having any reason to think any of them would be there”. The Times reports that the agent later told the inspector general's office that he had gone overboard in carrying out that task because he was a recent hire, and he described the report as ”atrocious” and a ”horrible mistake”, saying he could ”understand why people would become inflamed about it”.

Sen. Adams: Police No Longer Required To Meet Predetermined Summons Quota About three weeks ago, a bill was signed into law that may have a long-term impact on the culture of policing in New York State and New York City. The state's labor law has been amended so that no employer shall penalize an employee who is a police officer solely because of the employee's failure to meet a quota of tickets or summonses, arrests or stops of individuals suspected of criminal activity within a specified period of time. The new law was sponsored by Senator Eric Adams (D, WF-District 20), a retired NYPD Captain. ”My legislation (S2956A) to address ticket quotas by expanding the current quota provision to include every ticket, summons, and arrest in the state of New York has been signed into law,” said Sen. Adams. ”Significantly, the provisions of my bill protect employees from punishment (including reassignment, scheduling change and any other penalty) as a result of an unmet quota.” According to Adams, ticket quotas pressure officers to issue tickets regardless of the appropriateness of the situation, and S2956A expands the quota ban beyond traffic tickets to eliminate quotas for any state, local, or general violation or crime for which a ticket or summons would be issued. It prohibits penalties for failing to meet arbitrary quota requirements. Further, it has the benefit of reducing the number of citizens unfairly ticketed for small violations. The bill helps both

law enforcement and the general public by reducing arbitrary and inappropriate enforcement of minor offenses. ”We believe the pressure to bring in numbers compelled some officers to show a level of creativity when they were writing summonses,” Adams said. Rank-and-file police officers approached Adams and asked him to sponsor the bill. ”They felt that it was no longer a way to police in this city – giving middle class or low-income New Yorkers summonses to try to balance the budget on the backs of these low-income or middle-income New Yorkers,” Adams said. ”They approached me to look into the possibility of sponsoring the bill.” Predictably, Commissioner Kelly and Mayor Bloomberg ”didn't like the bill because it stops a quota system,” he said. Adams was not deterred by Bloomberg or Kelly. ”Police officers should not be told a predetermined number of summonses they should write,” he said. Adams explained working conditions for police officers. ”When they get near the end of the month, if they haven't met that quota, now they go out and are basically pressured not to use discretion, but to write summonses just to fill a number,” Adams said. According to Adams, sometimes the discretionary power of a police officer admonishing a person is enough to correct a problem. ”To give someone a $115.00 summons for

double parking or some other large amount for an act is really taxing New Yorkers with a thousand taxes, he said. ”It is almost like death by a thousand taxes.” From Adams' point of view, the city had an economic rationale for mandating officers to write a required amount of summonses before the law changed. ”Each officer was responsible for putting X-amount of dollars into the city coffers by being required to write a predetermined number of tickets,” Adams said. ”That is what they used to do their economic forecasts, based on the expectation of how much money was going to come in through police officers writing summonses or traffic enforcement agents writing X-amount of summonses or other methods of towing vehicles, and use those as part of their expectation of how to forecast how much money is going to come in from those activities.” Traffic enforcement was one method the city used to issue summonses and the attendant revenue. A person could get a summons as a result of stop-and-frisk, or they could get a summons merely because a police officer was walking down the block and observed them doing something, like a double-parked car, or a car parked at a meter that expired, or parking in a nostanding zone. Adams said, ”There are many ways a person can get a summons. The disproportionate amount that comes from stop-and-

Senator Eric Adams

frisk is in our communities.” Summonses generated via stop-andfrisks are particularly troubling for Adams. Regarding the millions of stop-and-frisks documented over the past few years, the New York Civil Liberties Union (NYCLU) found more than 10 percent resulted in police actions – approximately 6 percent arrests and 6 percent summonses.

The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010


Haiti’s Presidential Elections Tests Country’s Ailing Democracy Haitian Times Staff

Haiti’s political campaign got off to an inauspicious debut last week as a debate organized to provide the 19 presidential candidates a platform attracted only a handful of participants. People, frustrated with their living conditions continue to voice frustration. For instance, at Camp Immaculate, a tent-city for many of the 1.5 million Haitians made homeless by the Jan. 12 earthquake, hundreds of protesters gather regularly to tap out rhythms with bits of debris and chant in the noon-day heat: “No voting under tents!” and “Down with Préval!” Central to their anger is the belief that elections scheduled for Nov. 28 have been rigged in advance. These partisans of the popular leftist party Fanmi Lavalas (FL) blame an electoral commission appointed by President Rene Garcia Préval for banning the party from contesting the upcoming poll. On top of banning the FL, the party of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide that has won every election it has contested, the Provisional Electoral Committee (CEP) disqualified a number of candidates, among them the hip-hop star Wyclef Jean and former ambassador Raymond Joseph. Signs that this will not be a clean election have been in evidence for months. The US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations warned in a July report that the exclusion of FL and the failure to reform the CEP

could compromise the elections’ legitimacy. But US support for the election appears assured. ”Peaceful and credible elections and the transfer of power to a new government will be key milestones of Haiti's progress,” Susan Rice, US Ambassador to the United Nations, wrote in an editorial on Friday that was released amid growing alarm that the election is being stitched up for Mr. Préval's allies. The international community, which is providing most of the election’s $29 million price tag, “would rather work with Préval because he’s the only one they know right now,” says Marleine President Rene Bastien, a leader of the Haitian-American community in South Florida. Préval, who cannot run for another term, has endorsed former government construction agency director general Jude Celestin. Observers say almost all presidential candidates represent the ruling elite surrounding Préval.

Garcia Préval

“We in the US have not put pressure on the CEP to do the right thing and uphold democratic values in Haiti – which means allowing Lavalas to partake in elections,” says Ms. Bastien, who is not an FL partisan but says all viable parties must be

allowed to participate. Mario Joseph, Haiti’s most prominent international human rights lawyer, holds the UN responsible for tolerating practices that compromise the fairness of the country's elections. “They have supported this election selection, they have supported the exclusion of political parties, they have supported Mr. Préval in the choice of an electoral council without meeting with political parties,” he says. Préval builds ties with international community Préval came to power in 2006 in the first vote following the ouster of Mr. Aristide, whose increasingly violent rule was marked by nationalization and wealth redistribution measures that alienated Haitian elites and international partners. Préval curried favor with international partners by privatizing stateowned companies and extending the mandate for the UN peacekeeping mission even as he lost domestic support. Tensions boiled over in 2008, as food prices soared and riots broke out. Demonstrators stormed the presidential palace demanding the resignation of Préval and the departure of UN troops. The official turnout figure for April 2009 see ELECTIONS on page 9

Evicting Haiti's Homeless: How Land Tenure Hampers Recovery Two years ago, a wealthy Haitian businesswoman known as Madame Biton allowed preacher Samuel Francois to build a small church on one of the empty lots she owns in the Delmas district of Port-au-Prince. During last January's massive earthquake, Francois opened the church's doors to nearby residents who were screaming in horror as they fled their collapsing houses. After the quake that killed more than 200,000 people and ravaged the Western Hemisphere's poorest country, almost 75 families settled in a makeshift tent camp on the three-acre plot. At first, Madame Biton did not object. But in the spring, when the Irish NGO Haven Haiti began providing temporary latrines and other aid to the camp, Francois and others say Biton turned hostile. According to the charity, she refused an offer to rent the land until better shelters could be found for the refugees; since then, residents say they have faced police harassment aimed at forcing them to leave. ”They tell us, 'Get out of here, you're nothing but dogs,' ” says Rosena Desriveaux, 21, who still lives in the Delmas camp in a threadbare tarp shelter with her unemployed husband and 8-month-old baby. They, and about 25 other fami-

lies, still refuse to leave. ”We have no choice but to stay.” (The Delmas mayor's office would not comment on the alleged police actions. Biton, a bleach factory owner who refused TIME's repeated requests for an interview, has stepped up her efforts to expel the remaining refugees - even depositing dump-truck loads of earthquake rubble on the lot to force them away. ”She also wants the church removed,” says Francois as he ponders the structure of ragged corrugated tin, worn lumber and tree branches, adorned inside with plastic flowers and lace, which is the refugees' only dry sanctuary when it rains. ”She calls me a pig. It saddens me to see people who were once in my community living in the streets.” As world leaders gathered at the United Nations in New York this week ponder how to accelerate Haiti's slow recovery, eviction tragedies like the one in Delmas continue to play out all over Portau-Prince and other hard hit cities. More than eight months after the quake, only a small fraction of the 1.5 million Haitians it left homeless have been moved into decent temporary or long-term shelter. As a result, many Haitian landowners - part of a social elite widely considered to be one of

the hemisphere's least charitable to begin with - have lost patience with the shantytowns that have grown up on their mostly idle properties. According to the Swiss-based International Organization for Migration (IOM), some 12,000 refugees have been forced out of tent camps since evictions began in earnest over the summer, and 87,000 more are on the brink. ”Now they're making the hardships of the IDP's [internally displaced persons] even greater,”

says one European NGO director who asked not to be identified for fear of angering a landowner with whom he's negotiating a camp's extended stay. ”But unfortunately, the Haiti recovery effort still seems to be stuck in its initial phase.” (See images from Portau-Prince after the devastating earthquake.) Mountains of debris still cover much of the land that could be used to rehouse refugees, but an even more important obstacle may be Haiti's medieval land ten-

ure system. It was difficult at the best of times to know who owned what property in Haiti; the earthquake destroyed so many titles and deeds that identifying government-owned tracts or other available land on which to relocate the homeless has become that much more daunting. TIME was unable to locate Biton's title to the Delmas lot on which Francois' church stands, either through local public see HOMELESS on page 9

6 8

The Haitian Times


Elections without Visions are Illusions Once more, the naïve Haitian electors are going to be taken into the mesh of illusory elections. They are told that it is their patriotic duty to vote in order to perpetuate the democratic renewal of governments. However, as much as they may have lived and suffered the incompetency of the existing government, the eventual voters have yet to hear the candidates, less than two months before the elections, communicate their appreciation of the existing socio-economic conditions in Haiti, and suggest the steps they consider necessary to alleviate the miserable situation of the large majority of the population. Last Wednesday, September 22, 2010, The Miami Herald and the World Bank had organized the 14th Conference of the Americas. Toward the end of the conference, the organizers presented a short video entitled “Nou Bouke” [We are tired], produced by the Miami Herald and El Nuevo Herald, and featuring a Haitian worker pulling a tumbrel. This presentation preceded the last speaker, Mr. JeanMax Bellerive, prime minister of Haiti, who praised the obvious progress in his country, regardless the delays from the international community in fulfilling its promises. To support his allegations, Mr. Bellerive communicated the following realizations: “New motorways building; reopening of schools; current construction of a multimillion dollars university hospital; construction of thousands of apartments in the near future.” “All this,” concluded the prime minister, ”we have realized in such a little time – 240 days – under difficult conditions, facing difficult challenges that were ahead of us.” This prime minister’s statement suggests several unanswered questions. Where the motorways were being built and for what purpose? Which schools were reopened, where, for how many students, at which levels, in what facilities? Where “thousand of apartments” are going to be built? How many story buildings, with elevators, for which tenants, at what rent-

ing or buying cost? With regards to the multi-million dollars of a university hospital that cannot be built, equipped and available for efficient operation and teaching before at least a couple of years, quid of Dr. Savain’s fully equipped hospital that was offered for purchase to the Haitian Government? In a modern society, two well equipped hospitals in a capital are not two many. Anyway, the prime minister did not say where the medical students will be able to receive instruction and practice while the multi-million dollars hospital is under construction. At the time Mr. Bellerive was making his self-congratulatory speech his salary was being secured by one of three agreements Mr. Bernard Kouchner, French minister of Foreign Affairs signed with Mr. Ronald Baudin, Haitian minister of Finances. The first agreement allowing 10 million Euros for the payment of functionaries. The two others concerned an alimentary support of 1,4 million Eros, and 1 million Euros for the reorganization of the cadastral system, and real estate secularization. After a meeting with President Preval, Mr. Kouchner declared: “I share with the Haitians the necessity to take charge of their own affairs. The earliest the international community will leave. and better it will be. That will mean that the Haitians have their responsibilities on hand.” Also, responding to the critics about the slowness of the reconstruction projects, Mr. Kouchner recalled that one billion dollars of the 10 billions promised by the international community have been already spent. “One can very well understand the Haitian impatience, but we must well see the reality. And the reality is not to reconstruct identically. It would be a bad service rendered to the Haitians if things were done like before,” insisted Mr. Kouchner. When will we hear some positive and constructive point of views from the presidential candidates? What is their vision for Haiti in 25 years?

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September 29-October 5, 2010

1915-34 Revisited control of the Haitian National Police to the MINUSTAH, which nullified Haiti’s sovereignty as a nation in the waning weeks of his premiership, Latortue responded that he did not have his spectacles on. This is By Max A. Joseph Jr. a stunning admission by the man that he did not even read the agreement, prior to Few Haitians have signing it. Following the January 12 earthheard of Brigadier Gen- quake, René Préval, understandably overeral Smedley D. But- whelmed by the magnitude of the disaster, ler (1881-1940), who could have formed a national unity governserved as a major in ment tasked with rebuilding the country but Haiti during the first U.S occupation of instead chose to play old-style politics. that country (1915-34) and personified its Sensing a golden opportunity arising motive. A man of his time, General Butler from the absolute incompetence of Préval claimed to have hunted the Cacos, the Hai- and his minions, the international comtian rebels who opposed the occupation, munity swiftly moves in to fill the void like pigs, and did not hide his hatred for the and takes charge of the rebuilding. The end “uncivilized niggers in need result is the takeover of to be civilized” who inhabthe government’s constituited the island, as his 1922 tional prerogatives by Haiti testimony before a U.S senate Interim Reconstruction inquiry into the occupation Commission, a foreignindicated. Had generations of dominated body whose Haitians be made aware of his purpose is to implement the exploits in Haiti, they would objectives of the occupiers. not have facilitated or tolerThis incomprehensible act ated the current U.N occupaby Préval, a man elected to tion (2004-?) which incidenprotect the interests of Haiti tally bears eerie similarities to and its people, is downthat of the U.S which lasted right malicious rather than 19 years. The brutality of the a simple case of dereliction U.S occupation was such that Brigadier General of duty or incompetence. Based on the aforementhousands of Haitians sought Smedley D. Butler tioned actions of Latortue refuge in Cuba where today their descendants numbered more than and Préval, were they duped by hardened imperialists or willingly collaborated in the half-million in that island nation. According to the transcript of the subjugation of the Haitian people? I sinhearings, in 1914, the U.S notifies the cerely doubt the former could be the case Haitian government that it is disposed to since the two exhibited classic symptoms recognize the newly elected Haitian presi- of exaggerated self-worth, thus were in full dent, Davilmar Theodore, as soon as Haiti control of their faculties. As for Préval, the signs a “satisfactory protocol” on the model man is so proud of his performance that he of the U.S-Dominican Convention of 1907. is protecting his legacy through the machiTo which the Haitian government replied: nations of the Provisional Electoral Council “The government of the Republic of Haiti (CEP). His masters agree with him. would consider itself lacking in its duty to José Miguel Insulza, the Organization the U.S and to itself, if it allowed the least of the American States (OEA) General doubt to exist of its irrevocable intention Secretary and Lionel Jospin, former French not to accept any control of the administra- prime minister and presidential candidate, tion of Haitian affairs by a foreign power.” consider the electoral process credible Nevertheless on July 29, 1915 U.S troops despite the fact that many candidates and invaded Haiti and curiously the American political parties were arbitrarily disqualipeople were told that the Haitian people fied. Undoubtedly these statements are invited the United Sates to straighten out its indicative of the international community’s affairs. support for the politic of exclusion and On February 39, 2004, 70 years unaccountability that guarantees its interafter the U.S occupation ended, Haiti was ference in the internal affairs of Haiti. This once more invaded and occupied by U.S imposed paternalism, masqueraded as a and French forces acting under the cover of genuine concern for the welfare of the Haia U.N. Security Council resolution. Despite tian people, makes a mockery of the United this interlude, the rationale remained the Nations Charter; negates the principles of same: forestalling political violence and auto-determination and fosters a culture of stabilizing the country’s institutions, with dependency in Haiti. an addendum this time that Jean Bertrand A cursory analysis of the current Aristide himself, the Haitian president, occupation of Haiti (the marginalization had asked to be taken out of Haiti. This of the local authorities and imposition of reasoning is rooted in a paternalism which foreign ideals inimical to the country’s exposes Haitians as inherently irresponsive traditions) validates the perspectives of to foreign directives and inclined to self- General Butler who classified Haitians in destruct, hence the perpetual disdain for the two categories: “Those with shoes and country, its people, culture and institutions. those without shoes.” Appropriately, GenTo make matters worse the strategy is aided eral Butler’s contempt for the former whom and abetted by the country’s intelligentsia, he called uppity niggers merits to be put in its economic elite and the political class, perspective. Indeed this group (the political which explains their unconditional support class, the intelligentsia and the arrogant for the U.N occupation. economic elite) represents an existential Gérard Latortue, Haiti’s prime threat to Haiti and its people and needs to minister (2004-06) and René Préval, the be reeducated not civilized, otherwise “the country’s current president are poster boys Haitian question” and all the negativity that of that anti-national movement. Assailed by comes with it will endure. critics over his signing over jurisdictional

Under The


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

It Pays to Fail in Haiti Ilio's


By Ilio Durandis

Haiti is a broken country, this is an obvious statement, but fixing it seems to be a problem worthy of a Nobel Prize. It is so broken that even the simplest of tasks cannot be accomplished. For example, it is almost impossible for anyone to find out the exact procedures on how to enroll a child in a public school. The same can be said about getting access to health care, clean water, electricity, shelters, and most ridiculous of all justice. Everything in Haiti is non-functional and seems almost non-existent. Whenever I am in Haiti, I am simply in shock of how the people can accept to live in such conditions. I am forced to ask some of the people close to me what exactly is preventing the Haitian society from erupting in complete social chaos. The phrase most often spouted out of most Haitians mouth is “Ki sa ou vle’m fè” what do you want me to do. The people have accepted their conditions, and few of them have any hope that change can really happen. This mentality of accepting mediocrity as if it’s normal is one of the major reasons why living conditions have not improved in Haiti despite all the money that have been giving for various projects aimed at alleviating the misery of the people. One

does not have to be an expert in any field to clearly realize that the lack of progress in Haiti is a big advantage for many. In term of financial wealth, the people who stand in the way of progress are often those who can claim to be making personal progress. Now, our challenge is to find a way to reverse this pathetic systemic failure. This reversal of fortune that I am talking about can only start if every single individual is willing to hold themselves accountable. People must start realizing that accepting the status quo and adapting to its failing game plan is only going to benefit those who do not want to see change happens. We have a few options at our disposal to reverse the curse of Haiti’s misery. First, we must get in the mindset of collaboration and second we must always ask ourselves are we adding more values to the system than we are taking from it. This last sentence is directly pointed at individuals who so much want to contribute in a better Haiti, but have consistently failed to understand the best way to maximize their contributions, impact on the Haitian society. The groups of people who are failing Haiti are getting paid big times. They are making money that is beyond the average their wildest imagination. Haiti, for a poor country, is like a jackpot for many in the industry of country development. People are making huge amount of money left and right in the name of changing Haiti. Almost everyone actively involved in Haiti have an individual project for the

betterment of the country that they are working on, and yet the impact of those projects have yet to translate into any meaningful transformation for the average Haitian. Why do we keep on pouring money at those failing formulae? The answer is simpler than you might envision. People who are cashing their heavy developmental check do not really care about overall change for Haiti. They are very comfortable with small projects that have big budgets and are not led by Haitians. The few Haitians who happen to be part of those small projects are exactly the supporters of the status quo, and as long as they get paid, they could care less about the rest of the population. We must end the practice of paying for failure, and the practice of throwing money at projects that are not capable of leading to sustainable development. We must suspend our dealings with people who cannot deliver on their promises. It is about time we stop making millionaires out of a few at the detriment of the many. This is no way to help a country develop. Anyone working on any project in Haiti must be required to collaborate with Haitian-led organizations. They must be able to share resources, expertise and work together to strive for excellence. This is one of the most crucial steps that are currently missing in all the efforts to get Haiti on the right track. It is not possible to expect that Haiti will haphazardly get on the road of development without setting the proper conditions for progress to take place. For years, big international organizations have claimed


to be contributed enormous amount of money for Haiti to invest in education, healthcare, projects that can lead to better living conditions, and almost never can we find any report that demonstrate accountability of those grants. Why do they continue to give money to a broken system? Many of the issues facing Haiti can be fixed easily, if granters and contributors were to demand for accountability. Sometimes, it is wise to step back and analyze the impact of a grant, project or a new initiative. There are many people with ideas, few with solutions and even a smaller group with a successful track record. We have been supporting a failing system for more than a century. No one has bothered to make accountability a requirement for any project or initiative. Many people enter Haiti with a blind idea, only to leave with their pockets full of greenbacks, as if Haiti is a slot machine. Those who are involved in Haiti know that the end-result does not matter much, so what incentive do they have to strive for success. It is the business of failing that keeps the money coming, so there’s no pressure to change the status quo. The development of Haiti is not the responsibility of anyone, which is also a dead-end project with no clear vision. Those are the type of guidelines currently being implemented in Haiti. Of course, with such processes in place, it is not surprising that the living conditions of Haitians have gotten worse over the years. We must act to make change happen. Failure is no longer an option, and it should go bankrupt. Contact Ilio at

The Tax Debate We Are Not Having New York – Can a great nation remain great while its leaders spout talking points and evade reality? The tax cuts that George W. Bush rushed through Congress in 2001 were unwise. As we budget analysts pointed out at the time, America could not afford them because our existing tax structure made insufficient provision for the rising costs of Medicare and Medicaid and, to a lesser extent, of Social Security. As Bush's legislative team maneuvered the cuts through the Congress, Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan and Bush Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill, both Republicans, warned in meetings that permanent tax cuts were a mistake. Then they retreated to the Treasury Building to tell each other that America would come to regret this. Senate procedures made it impossible to pass more than a ten-year tax cut in 2001 without concessions to conservative Democrats that Bush did not wish to make. Thus at the end of this year the tax rates revert to their Clinton-era levels. Those levels, which suited us fine back then and were consistent with rapid and high-productivity investment-led economic growth, brought us many steps closer to achieving a stable, long-term foundation for our government's finances. Moreover, they quieted an important source of uncertainty that hobbles business; for when government spends more now than it taxes now, somebody ultimately is going to pay the taxes to balance the government's books -- they just do not

know who they are yet. We ultimately need to bend the federal spending curve. Consequently, right now we should be having a policy debate over what to do in the wake of the expiration of the imprudent and damaging Bush-Era tax cuts. Should we enact another set of permanent or long-term tax cuts? The answer is no -- because our existing tax structure makes insufficient provision for the rising costs of Medicare, Medicaid, national defense, and Social Security. Thus we should be enacting policies that bring our long-term spending commitments and our long-term revenue plans back toward balance--rather than repeating the feckless misgovernment of the Bush years and enacting policies that drive spending and revenue further apart. We should also be having a policy debate about what form our tax system should take. We should consider relieving the tax burden on factors of production – the raw materials that go into producing goods and services -- and shifting it instead to purchases by way of a federal value added tax. (Our worries about insufficient national savings suggest we should tax thrift lightly and consumption heavily.) The fact that income and wealth inequality have exploded over the past generation argues for a more progressive tax system that increases the share of taxes borne by the rich. Today’s rich are, after all, much, much richer and hence much, much more

able to afford taxes than the rich of a generation ago, while the differences between the middle class of today and of the previous generation are quite small. And right now we should be having another policy debate as well. Relative to normal times, at least ten percent more of the American labor force is underemployed or unemployed. Would a timely, targeted, and temporary tax cut -- aimed at those households most likely to spend it -- be a useful tool to boost the economy and get that 10 percent figure down to a more bearable number? The answer is yes. Those are the three political debates that we ought to be having. But we are not going to have those debates. Instead, it looks as though the Obama administration is about to propose what it --wrongly-- calls an extension of the Bushera middle-class tax cuts. Never mind that those cuts will give my household about ten times as big a reduction in tax payments as they give to a genuinely middleclass household making $50,000 a year. What the Obama administration opposes is to extend the reduction in tax rates on that extra share of income that my wife and I (and others like us) receive beyond $250,000 a year. In other words, the administration wants to give us a break only ten times larger than the one received by a genuine middle class family -- not twenty or thirty times as big. Republicans will denounce this Obama

plan as class war against America's most productive citizens. Democrats will denounce Republicans as tools of the greedy. Republicans will use procedural obstacles to try to block any extension-saying that the Democrats don't really want to extend any of the tax provisions and are just pretending. Democrats will say that Republicans don't care about real Americans but only about their superwealthy base. In this fight, you will find me on the Democratic side -- because a permanent extension of most of the tax cuts is bad but a permanent extension of all of the tax cuts, including the high-bracket tax cuts, is worse. The Democrats' proposal offers a low bang-for-buck as short-term therapy for unemployment and underemployment. But it is still better than a poke in the eye with a sharp macroeconomic stick that allowing all income tax rates to immediately and completely revert to their year-2000 levels would be. But this is not going to be good government. And it is not going to be edifying. What we ought to be doing is (a) letting the Bush-era tax cuts expire, (ii) implementing a new set of temporary recessionfighting tax cuts targeted at those most likely to spend what tax relief they get, and (iii) tying longer-term tax reductions to successful progress on bending the curve of long-run spending growth. That is what a great nation with a sober and reality-based politics would do.


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

CChheecckk UUss OOuut t! !

T h e New N e w H a i t i a n T i m e s . co m The The Haitian Times website has more features and functions than ever before. •Daily local and international news updates •Online Forum •Comments on Articles •Advertising packages for small businesses

And watch for the Haitian Times photo/news archive, coming soon!



4 9 5 F l a t b u s h A v e . • B r o o k l y n N Y 11 2 2 5

The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

Penn's Haiti Camp Hit by Storms The actor and his team of volunteers and experts were forced to temporarily abandon the HRO's Petion- Ville Camp and relocate to a club gymnasium in Port-auPrince until the storm passed on Sunday. No major injuries have been reported but the heavy winds and rain destroyed a hospital, pharmacy and many medical supplies, causing an estimated £233,300 of damage. Despite the setback, J/P HRO staffers continue to provide medical support and services for the homeless 50,000 living in the Petionville Camp. Other camps in Port-au-Prince and across the country did not weather the storm as effectively, as at least five fatalities have been reported and major flooding continues to devastate the region. Penn says, ”It has been a very difficult 24 hours for our team and the community they serve in Petionville, but they have

weathered this storm with courage, and continue to perform heroic and vital services for the people of Haiti, even under the most dire of conditions. ”The combined efforts of J/P HRO and the US Military dramatically minimised harm and damage to the largest tent camp of internally displaced persons.” And the actor, who founded the organisation, is firing back at groups who criticised his warnings about the storms: ”Drainage mitigation and relocations that had been previously criticised by some U.N. organisations proved their value. We have been shouting for months about the severity of the hurricane season, and this underscores the importance for the need of sustained and smart support in the region.” Penn and his J/P Haitian Relief Organization partners are asking friends and supporters to help rebuild the lost infrastructure and to continue their efforts in Haiti.


temporary shelter effort into higher gear. Empty properties such as Madame Biton's, aid workers say, are ideal candidates for purchase by eminent-domain. Like more than two-thirds of Haiti's earthquake-homeless, almost all the remaining tent camp dwellers on Biton's land had been renters when their homes were destroyed, meaning they have fewer places to turn to for shelter. And conditions there are deteriorating: Since Biton had the latrine walls torn down, the refugees use the facilities only in the dark of night. After almost nine months, ”by now, we should have found a [better] place to live,” says camp resident Marie-Ange Pierre, 28, as she looks out on the squalid scene. Down the road, some who were scared off Biton's lot have settled in a new but even more squalid shantytown in the Ruzaragua neighborhood. Police have tried to bully them off that land, as well. ”They tell us, 'We better not see your faces around here when we come back,' but we're staying,” says Virginia Romelus, 22. Behind her family's row of tents they've set up a pigeon aviary, a typically whimsical Haitian touch amidst the suffering. Watching the birds come and go as freely as they do helps them forget the plight into which they've been locked by the earthquake and Haiti's benighted administration. The opinion was first published on Time. com.

continued from page 5

records bureaus or federal agencies like the General Tax Directorate (DGI). That's no surprise to Ibere Lopes, an IOM land tenure expert working in Haiti. ”None of our searches in the [DGI] has ever been fruitful,” says Lopes. ”It's practically impossible to obtain any relevant information on ownership.” Lopes says he and his legal team tried this month to get federal inspectors to confirm government-owned land in the city of Leogane, west of the capital, where the IOM hopes to put up 200 transitional shelters. But he says the officials, even when brought to the site, had no interest in assessing the ownership unless they were paid by the IOM. One way through the venal mess, Lopes says, is multi-neighborhood mapping, which entails surveying local residents and extensive interviews with presumed owners - and then trying to match the findings with any available records. If the process proves successful, it might be a basis on which the Haitian government could start cobbling together a more reliable system. That in turn would let it designate not just its own properties, but also private land it could rent or purchase via eminent domain. That legal mechanism is sorely lacking in Haiti, but it's one that most refugee advocates say is crucial to shifting the

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Elections continued from page 5

senatorial elections was just 11 percent, stark evidence of the lack of confidence in the system. 'Rebellion brewing' Those elections were the first to exclude FL. Despite formally objecting, the international community continued to support the government which “gave the CEP a green light to keep excluding the government’s political rivals,” the Institute on Justice and Democracy in Haiti (IJDH) wrote in a report. IJDH director Brian Concannon says UN and US support for the November elections is “a short-term expedient that’s going to come back and haunt them in the long-term.” “The exclusion [of FL] will hurt not only Haiti and its people but it will also hurt all partners,” adds Bastien. “I feel a lot of rebellion brewing under the surface.”

“We don't have enough police, less than 10,000 for a country of eight million people, and the UN forces who can help us don't speak Creole or French.”

”I hope this election doesn't become a battleground, where aggressive campaigners try to destroy their rivals instead of expounding their ideas,” outgoing President Rene Preval said Sunday. Preval, who served two consecutive five-year terms in office and cannot run for reelection, fears there could be unrest during the two-month campaign and votecounting irregularities later. ”We've got enough candidates for these elections: 850 for 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 95 for 11 seats in the Senate and 19 for president,” Preval said. ”What I'm afraid of is low voter participation and security problems,” he said. Preval, however, had misgivings about the upcoming election. ”Voters disappointed with the political system, people displaced by the earthquake and the many who are suffering, perhaps


continued from page 2

phonèmes. Dans un système d’écriture idéal, on trouve un graphème (signe, symbole) pour chaque phonème (son). Mais, dans la réalité, cette régularité est loin d’être observée. Selon les spécialistes, l’espagnol est la langue qui se conforme le mieux à cette régularité. L’anglais et le français sont les langues occidentales où l’on trouve le plus d’irrégularité graphémique et phonémique. Les causes de cette irrégularité dans le système d’écriture de certaines langues occidentales sont diverses. En anglais et en français, l’une


aren't too concerned about voting,” he said. While in refugee camps people sometimes crowd around voting registration booths, most still appear undecided about their role in the vote. ”We still don't have a candidate to support in this election; we don't see anybody we can vote for,” said Elvire, a refugee camp management committee member. The provisional electoral council (CEP) has authorized 19 candidates to run in the presidential election. It rejected all Haitians living abroad, including hip hop star Wyclef Jean and Raymond Joseph, who is Haiti's ambassador to the United States. Candidates include Jude Celestin -endorsed by Preval -- former prime minister Jacques-Edouard Alexis, and singer Michel Martelly. For the international community, the main concerns are boycott by some opposition parties, and the lack of credibility of the provisional electoral council (CEP), whose members are suspected of being to close to the government. Some social groups recently wrote UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon asking that he use his influence to postpone the elections, which they said ”could trigger a new political crisis in the country.” But for international observers Haiti is ready for elections nine months after the January 12 earthquake. The Organization of American States (OAS) and the 15-nation Caribbean Community (CARICOM) are preparing to deploy bit observer missions during the vote. Donor countries have financed 90 percent of the 29 million dollar budget for the vote, which they hope will be ”democratic and transparent,” Kouchner said. Preval said he has asked former French prime minister Lionel Jospin to send election experts to train Haitian voting officials, to help minimize security problems on voting day. ”We don't have enough police, less than 10,000 for a country of eight million people, and the UN forces who can help us don't speak Creole or French,” he added. There are 13,000 soldiers and police with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). It is also assisted by 2,000 civilians. In a September 2 report, MINUSTAH said it had ”noted an increasing number of weapons in circulation, especially in traditionally high crime areas” of Port-AuPrince. ”In addition, there is a risk that campaigning for the forthcoming elections -- particularly the legislative -- may be tainted by financing from illegal activities, including the drug trade which continues to be a destabilizing factor in Haiti.”

des causes de cette irrégularité provient du désir chez les bâtisseurs d’orthographe dans ces langues de faire refléter leur étymologie latine ou grecque sans tenir compte des changements de sons qui sont intervenus à travers les siècles et des problèmes immenses que ces irrégularités font subir aux enfants qui apprennent leur langue native ou aux étrangers pour qui ces langues sont justement…étrangères. Dans la deuxième partie de ce triptyque, la semaine prochaine, nous présenterons une brève histoire du « kreyòl » haïtien. Contactez Hugues St.Fort à

10 8

The Haitian Times

Paj Kreyòl Ayisyen

September 29-October 5, 2010

Dèyè Tande ak wè se de 7. Ou kwè fè Dous Makòs dous! (II) Pawòl Gen Pawòl Avèk Wozvèl Jan — Batis Dous Makòs se youn nan pwodui nou toujou fyè pou nou fè moun deyò dekouvri. Deja pou youn, tout moun renmen jwenn on ti bagay dous pou yo pase nan bouch yo, sikre kè yo. Men tou, dous Makòs gen on bagay espesyal ladan l, lòt kalite dous yo pa genyen. Alòs fòm ta di ‘ori­ji­nal’ osnon ‘bon jan’ dous Makòs la—si sa egziste. Ki sa m vle di. Lè plan al achte dous Makòs la te fèt, te gen on kesyon se nan fak­to­ri a menm pou n al pran l, Tigwav. Sa pa t on pwoblèm, nou te deja Leyogàn deja. Sa k te sanble on pwo­blèm, se lè yo te di nou, fòk se on moun ki konn kote a ki pou al mennen nou. M pa t konprann. Premye lide ki te pase nan tèt mwen, se te: kòm Tigwav se youn nan kote tranblemanntè a te fra­pe, gendwa se on sitiyasyon ‘kay kraze, nimewo efase’… Kote faktori dous Makòs la ye a, se on zòn yo rele Chabàn. Fò ou pran on machin sot Leyogàn lage ou Tigwav, epi ou kanpe nan estasyon an pou on pran on lòt machin k ap mennen ou la. Lè moun ki te akonpaye nou an rete machin lan, m gade a goch, a dwat, sou tou de bò Nasyonal Ni­me­wo 2 a,

m pa wè anyen ki ta sanble ak on faktori. Te plen ansèy ki mansyone ‘dous Makòs’— tankou ansèy “bon bagay – Originale – Douce – Macoss” osnon “Super – Douce Macoss – Chez Dio”. Se pa youn nan kote sa yo nou te antre: kote nou te antre a pa t make anyen, pa t gen pyès ansèy. Men te chaje kliyan k ap tann kòmann yo. Lè gwoup pa m lan pase kòmann li, yo mete n pou yon inèdtan, sa pèmèt nou al fè on flann nan zòn lan. Se atò m wè ansèy kote yo di gen ‘dous Makòs orijinal’. Letan pou n retounen al chache kòmann lan, m te gentan pati byen lwen nan refleksyon. Kou­man fè kote yo mennen nou pou n achte bon jan dous Makòs la, li pa make anyen? Èske se paske depi gen on bon kleren on kote, tout tafyatè ap jwenn wout li? Bouch an bouch, youn di lòt—pi bon osnon pi move re­klam, se nan bouch kliyan sa rete. Kote ‘faktori’ dous Makòs siperyè a ye a, se on lakou sou lamen dwat, lè ou bay tèt nan sid, sou Nasyonal Nimewo 2 a—on kote yo rele Chabàn, jan m te di nou. Nan antre lakou a, pa t gen anyen estraòdinè. Te gen de twa medam ki chita sou bò dwat, anba pyebwa, youn nan fant janm lòt, nan penyen tèt, bay odyans. Te gen timoun tou, timoun anbazaj, pitit yo, k ap jwe. Nan mi­tan, te gen on kay bas, kote biznis pase kòmann, ranmase lajan t ap fèt. Te gen on ti dam byen won ki te an kontwòl. Sou bò goch, te gen 2 tifi 6-7 an ki chita sou tèt on vye pikòp, ap jwe ak plizyè bwat kreyon

koulè mele ak sache sirèt. M sispèk se pitit “dam byen won ki te an kontwòl” la yo ye. On jennonm ki te apiye sou pikòp la di nou—se te nou de, mwen menm ak on lòt kan­ma­rad, nou te mèt antre al gade dèyè a, kidonk nan lakou a kote nou te imajine ‘fak­to­ri’ a ye a. Lè “ti dam byen won” an wè nou, li eseye kwape nou, men nou di l nou te gen otorizasyon. Sa pa anpeche l al pati ak on bò jennonm lan—“Nou pa janm otorize moun pase dèyè!” Men nou te gentan la. Pandan lòt kanmarad la te alawonway ap fè foto, fè entèvyou an chalkalis, m te gentan nan gran konvèsasyon ak ‘direktè’ a. Sa m rele direktè a, se on pèsonaj ki sanble li leve anba on gwo maladi ki pòk on bò, konm kidire msye se on nonm k ap mache pa do, paske li te pran on gwo pataswèl nan men lavi a. Se limenm ki bòs la. Li ban m kèk ti enfòmasyon—sou Ma­dan Ma­kòs, sou jan biznis la anplwaye on pakèt moun, fè on bann fanmi (plis pase 20) man­je. Msye di mwen moun ki te kòmanse fè orijinal dous makòs la, se te Madan Fènan Laba … ki te soti an Do­minikani ak non ‘Marcos’ la. Lè m rive pa dèyè a toutbon vre, sa m wè, m pa t ka pale. Se te krèvkè. Te gen 8 fwaye dife ak gwo chodyè yo rele ‘manman grann’ sou yo. Chodyè yo t ap bouyi. Te gen on melanj ki te gen lèt ladan yo. Kidonk fòk te gen moun k ap brase san rete pou lèt la pa bouyi moute, debòde, ton­be, gaspiye. Se te djòb on ekip timoun—m konte te gen 24, soti laj 6 an rive 16-17 an, tigason ak gran ti jennjan. Devan chak cho­dyè, te gen

2 timoun k ap brase ak on kiyè bwa manch long pwo­lon­je … Fò n pa kwè te gen gwo enstalasyon kote chodyè yo te ye a: 5 ti bout tonèl, kouvri ak (retay) tòl. Cho­dyè yo chofe ak bwa, youn nan pi gwo pwoblèm pwodiksyon an … Kesyon sanitè, se zewo (m regrèt pa t gen on ofisye sanitè nan gwoup la)! Ti mesye yo kouri al nan raje a, al pipi osnon fè lòt bagay, epi yo tounen al bò dife a, san yo pa lave men yo… M gade timoun yo ak lapenn. Genyen se zo ak po yo ye. M pa santi m alèz pou m ap fè pwo­mo­syon dous Makòs. M pa achte. M si, menm jan anpil moun konn kote pou y ale pou y al fè kòmann dous Makòs la, gen anpil zotobre nan peyi ki al la tou… Èske yo konnen nan ki kondi­syon timoun yo ap travay pou yo pwodui dous Makò la? Èske sa enterese yo? Sa mande on ankèt serye—si n enterese pou n konnen nan ki kondisyon ‘dous Makòs’ fèt, fò n al gade. Pètèt tou, nou te ka al chache ansèy sa a m te wè Tigwav: “PROGRAMME DE REN­FOR­CEMENT INTEGRE DU MILIEU DES AFFAIRES EN HAITI – PRIMA / ACTION: AP­PUI A LA PRODUCTION ET A LA COMMERCIALISATION DE DOUS MAKOS / EXE­CU­TION: CEHPAPE & APDM. Ferme Agro-ecologique Député Limongy Jean.” Gen dous ki anmè kou fyèl! Kontakte Wozvèl Jan-Batis nan

of primary elections weakened the establishment's hold, like campaign finance law. Political establishments have never been static. Joe Kennedy was shamed out of FDR's Democrats. He later fathered a political dynasty. Moderate party establishments fell with Barry Goldwater's Republicans in 1964 and George McGovern's Democrats in 1972. Political insurgencies often become the new establishment, as with McGovern and Goldwater. The rapid pace of the change is what's changed. Should 2010 prove a wave election, that will mark three waves straight. Establishments require a structure that assures its endurance. That structure is too weak today to be determinative. Goldwater won power through trench warfare. Goldwater's staff spent three years mobilizing support at the precinct level. By the GOP convention, Goldwater had enough delegates to win the nomination on the first ballot. He was also the beneficiary of a party gradually moving southward and westward, of an already fading Northeastern moderate GOP, of a party becoming less blue blooded and more blue collar. Power no longer shifts so tectonically, nor so gradually. Trench warfare is now blitzkrieg. It also amounts to combat without generals. The tea party movement's purge of moderates echoes Goldwater's coup. But today's conservative movement is occurring without a Goldwater. Today's grassroots movements need not win power by first winning the seats that make power. This is a trend hardly isolated to politics. The public has gradually lost faith in institutions. The Associated Press recently

spearheaded a poll that asked Americans their confidence in 18 major institutions. No institution won the strong faith of the majority of Americans. The change is also larger than the sum of its parts. It's somewhat like emergent structures in nature. The intersection of the parts shapes events rather than simply the existence of these parts. Think tornados or rock formations. Republicans Sarah Palin and Jim DeMint, like CNBC's Rick Santelli, did not make the tea parties. And the tea party movement would carry on if all these actors left the stage. No single factor, including Santelli's rant, sparked this movement. Tea party activists want it to remain decentralized and independent of party leaders. One popular book within the tea party movement is the business text, ”The Starfish and the Spider: The Unstoppable Power of Leaderless Organizations.” The starfish does not depend on a head to survive or even operate. If you cut off the arm of a starfish, it can regenerate. The tea party movement has therefore sought to stay free of the Republican head. It's the GOP establishment that has attempted to wrap itself around the tea parties. This has been the story from Kentucky's Rand Paul to last week in Delaware, when Christine O'Donnell defeated Mike Castle. Castle enjoyed near uniform support from the Republican Senate committee to Karl Rove to the state GOP chairman. The night O'Donnell won, a Republican Senate committee official reportedly said the

R.I.P. Political Establishment The big story of American politics stretches from the netroots to Barack Obama's victory to the tea party movement. The political establishment's reign has finally ended. The National Republican Senate Committee supported eight candidates who lost in the primary. One week ago, the primary season closed with the most suitable of metaphors: the tea party movement sacked GOP's Castle. Yet this is a phenomenon larger than the tea party movement. The conservative grassroots are the most formative force within today's Republican Party. The partisan industrial complex feeds our hyper-partisan age. But, ironically, it has also empowered a complex independent of any central staging point. Party leaders and political barons remain influential. But the old guard no longer constitutes the maestros of national politics. This is one way to understand what's taking place in American politics. The orchestras have overtaken the conductors. There are still conductors. But we no longer look to them to grasp what's to play out. Politics has moved from top-down to bottom-up. The liberal netroots of 2006 was a harbinger of the far larger and far more influential tea party movement. Both capture our new politics: where power is more fleeting, where politics is increasingly de-centralized and influence more democratized. The tail easily wags the dog in modern politics. ”The tea party is part of something. Something is not part of the tea party,” said Republican strategist Alex Castel-

Harry Truman owed his rise to Missouri's ”Boss Tom” Pendergast.

lanos. ”The phenomenon we are talking about is, yes, not a left-right phenomenon as much as it is a bottom up phenomenon.” It was precisely the opposite when Barack Obama was born. As recently as midcentury, presidents' political careers were often owed to a few key benefactors. Harry Truman owed his rise to Missouri's ”Boss Tom” Pendergast. Lyndon Johnson to a pair of Texas brothers. John Kennedy to his father. Twentieth century presidential historian Richard Neustadt found that until 1968 only ”some 50 to 100 men--state leaders, party bosses, elder statesmen--decided nominations.'' The rise

see POLITICS on page 23

The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

Caribbean Crime Wave Linked to US Deportations SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico – The crime was horrifying enough — a nightclub owner, hacked to death with a machete, was found buried in pieces. But what really outraged people was that the accused killer had been deported from the U.S. to his native Grenada as a convicted felon. As a foreign-bred criminal, the suspect never should have returned to the closeknit tropical nation, relatives of the victim and others said. Islanders called for more vigilance over deportees by the government, which says it needs help from Washington to handle the return of hardened convicts. ”I hope that my brother did not die in vain and something can be done to monitor these criminal deportees,” said Gemma Raeburn-Baynes, a sister of the nightclub owner, Michael Raeburn-Delfish. The United States has deported thousands of convicted criminals to the Caribbean annually since 1996, when Congress mandated that every non-citizen sentenced to a year or more in prison be kicked out of the country upon release. In all, the U.S. is responsible for about three-quarters of the region's returning criminal deportees, with the United Kingdom and Canada accounting for most of the other ex-cons arriving in the islands. It's a phenomenon that also afflicts many parts of Central America, where street gangs that grew out of Los Angeles spread to the region through massive deportations. Brutal and powerful, the ”Maras” are blamed for rampant violent crime, extortion and more recently acting as enforcers for drug cartels. In the Caribbean, governments say deportees are exacerbating crime in nations with high levels of violence such as Jamaica. On the smaller islands such as Grenada, once considered idyllic havens from gang violence, officials say the returning deportees are partly to blame for increasingly bold and sophisticated crimes and homicide rates soaring to record levels. The United States is attempting to defuse tensions with island governments by exploring programs to help them reintegrate deportees. During a visit to Barbados in June, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton said the U.S. is no longer ignoring complaints that have topped the Caribbean's diplomatic agenda for more than a decade. U.S. officials say privately that the deportations cannot be blamed for the

Security Minister Charles Savarin

increase in violent crime, but declined to discuss the issue on the record, saying the U.S. does not want to hurt relations with Caribbean governments with which it cooperates on other issues. The man accused in the machete attack in Grenada, Ronald Michael Phillip, 55, was deported from the United States on July 6, 2000, the day after leaving a state prison in Uncasville, Connecticut, where he had spent more than six years. Island police know only the rough outline of his life abroad: Phillip moved overseas in 1986 and lived in Canada and Brooklyn, New York, before moving to New London, Connecticut. He was arrested in December 1993 on assault and drug charges. But the officer who found RaeburnDelfish's severed head and limbs in three shallow pits on Sept. 5 said the nature of the murder led him to believe the suspect was a practiced killer. ”He had a level of experience with dealing with dead people or animals,” foren-

sics expert Trevor Modeste said. ”We don't usually have crime like that. We don't usually have planned and executed murders.” Modeste said his suspicions were confirmed when Phillip, known locally as Ronald de Ally, boasted to police that he killed and buried two people in the United States who were never found. Grenada police spokesman Troy Garvey said that claim has not been verified. Garvey said investigators' focus is on solving Raeburn-Delfish's slaying, but they will pass anything they learn about crimes in the U.S. to the appropriate jurisdiction. Raeburn-Delfish was Phillip's landlord, but no motive has been established in the slaying. Phillip, who is charged with murder, did not have an attorney at his first court appearance. At the heart of the problem is the disparity of wealth between the United States, where migrants often learn their criminal ways, and their poor homelands, where jobs are scarce and police resources are limited. Moreover, islanders who often


left their native lands as children return to countries they barely recognize, with no remaining family. Jean Nemorin, 47, who returned to Haiti in 2008, more than three decades after he arrived in the United States with his family at age 11, said there is a stigma attached to people like him when locals learn of their criminal past, making it tough to find work or a place to live. ”I struggled to feed myself for the first six months,” Nemorin said. He declined to describe his conviction in the United States but said he is crime-free today, operating a moto-taxi in Port-au-Prince that he bought with money from relatives overseas. The biggest impact has been in heavily populated countries like Jamaica, where deportees are suspected in several violent crimes each week, according to Leslie Green, an assistant police commissioner. But smaller islands are increasingly leading the calls for help from Washington. A Grenada government spokesman, Richard Simon, said they lack the counseling, monitoring and housing services needed to absorb deportees with serious criminal records. In Dominica, at least one criminal deportee is suspected in a recent pair of brazen, daylight robberies by masked men, Security Minister Charles Savarin said. In St. Lucia, an island of 170,000 people that received 18 criminal deportees from the U.S. last year, Security Minister Guy Mayers said some of the convicts were apparently recruited into local drug rings that exploit their contacts from overseas prisons. ”We are not responsible for them becoming monsters,” Mayers said. ”We need support to be able to rehabilitate these people.” In 2007, the U.S. launched a pilot program managed by the United Nations' International Organization for Migration to help reintegrate deportees. The $3 million project provided services including career counseling and housing assistance in Haiti, Guyana and the Bahamas. U.S. officials say they hope that effort will be the starting point for a regional discussion, but no money has been assigned so far to keep the program going. Island governments say the deportee issue will remain a sticking point with Washington until they see more action. ”I raise this with U.S. authorities every chance I get,” Mayers said.

Sharing the Pain of Climate Change PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad, - With a recent study warning that the Caribbean could lose six percent of its Gross Domestic Product annually to the ravages of climate change, some experts say that a combination of adaptation funding and risk pooling is the region's best hope for the future. ”Climate risk insurance is already considered a critical tool in any comprehensive framework aimed at effectively adapting to the changing, and more changeable, climate,” Milo Pearson, chair of the Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility (CCRIF), told IPS. ”As the regional impacts of climate change become more apparent in the future - with expectations of an increase in extremes in

weather patterns such as drought, extreme rainfall events and an increase in greater magnitude hurricanes - climate insurance will become even more critical in addressing the enhanced risks associated with these changes,” he said. The Caymans-based CCRIF is owned and operated by 16 Caribbean governments, and is the world's first and, to date, only regional fund to provide earthquake and hurricane coverage in the form of a set payment when disaster strikes. A similar model is currently under discussion by Pacific Island states, Pearson said. The facility's recent study, 'The Economics of Climate Change Adaptation in the Caribbean', focused on eight countries -

Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Jamaica and St. Lucia. It found that annual expected losses from wind, storm surge and inland flooding already amount to up to six percent of GDP in some countries and that, in a worst case scenario, losses could reach as high as nine percent, with wind the single largest damage contributor. This is equivalent to the impact of a serious economic recession – one that never ends, the study said. Expected losses from climate risks varied significantly across the pilot countries, ranging from one percent of GDP in Antigua and Barbuda to six percent in Jamaica.

The differences were driven by various factors including topography and exposure to coastal hazards, the economic importance of particularly vulnerable sectors, and location. Among the hazards considered, hurricane-induced wind damage has the largest damage potential, accounting for up to 90 percent of the overall damage, with coastal flooding and storm surge most threatening in low-lying countries, the study found. CCRIF said that the findings, which were released in late August, provide a sound economic fact base that countries can use to design their national climate adaptation and see CLIMATE on page 23


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

More Than $1B In Federal Funds To Aid Haiti Still Tied Up In Washington


continued from cover

Demonstrator from HSNNE holding sign in Front of the United Nations to demand prosecution of price gouging and diversion of Aid money

“It’s just a matter of one phone call and the trucks are out again. We have contractors ready to continue removing rubble ... We have local suppliers and international suppliers ready to ship the amount of wood and construction materials we need,” said CHF country director Alberto Wilde. “It’s just a matter of money.” Last week the inaction bore tragic results. On Friday an isolated storm destroyed an estimated 8,000 tarps, tents and shacks in the capital and killed at least six people, including two children. And the threat of violence looms as landowners threaten entire camps with forced eviction. In Washington there is confusion about the money. At a July hearing, Ravij Shah, director of the U.S. Agency for International Development, thanked members of Congress for approving the funds, saying, “The resources are flowing and are being spent in country.” It wasn’t true then, and still hasn’t happened. When the earthquake hit, U.S. agencies sent troops, rescuers, aid workers and supplies to the devastated capital, Port-auPrince. On March 24, President Barack Obama asked Congress for $2.8 billion in emergency aid to Haiti — about half to pay back money already spent by USAID, the Defense Department and others. An additional $212 million was to write off debt. The heart of the request was $1.15 billion in new reconstruction funds. A week later, Clinton touted that figure in front of representatives of 50 nations at the U.N. secretariat, the president of Haiti at her side. “If the effort to rebuild is slow or insuf-

ficient, if it is marked by conflict, lack of coordination or lack of transparency, then the challenges that have plagued Haiti for years could erupt with regional and global consequences,” Clinton said. That was nearly six months ago. It took until May for the Senate to pass a supplemental request for the Haiti funds and until July for the House to do the same. The votes made $917 million available but did not dictate how or when to spend it. Without that final step, the money remains in the U.S. Treasury. Then came summer recess, emergencies in Pakistan and elsewhere, and the distractions of election politics. Now the authorization bill that would

“We need to make sure that the needs of the Haitian people are not sacrificed to procedural and bureaucratic impediments.” direct how the aid is delivered remains sidelined by a senator who anonymously pulled it for further study. Through calls to dozens of senators’ offices, the AP learned it was Sen. Tom Coburn, a Republican from Oklahoma. “He is holding the bill because it includes an unnecessary senior Haiti coordinator when we already have one” in U.S. Ambassador Kenneth Merten, Coburn spokeswoman Becky Bernhardt said. The bill proposes a new coordinator in Washington who would not oversee U.S. aid but would work with the USAID administrator in Washington to develop a rebuilding strategy. The position would cost $1 million a year for five years, including salaries and expenses for a staff of up to seven people. With the bill on hold, the State Department is trying to move the money along by avoiding Congress as much as possible. It sent lawmakers a “spending plan” on Sept. 20 and gave legislators 15 days to review All photos by Greg Dunkel

Demonstrators on their way to the UN on Sept. 25th

The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

it. If they fail to act on the plan, the money could be released as soon as specific projects get the OK. “We need to make sure that the needs of the Haitian people are not sacrificed to procedural and bureaucratic impediments,” Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman John Kerry told the AP by e-mail. “As we approach nine months since the earthquake, further delays on any side are unacceptable.” Asked when the money will actually come, State Department spokesman Charles Luoma-Overstreet said the department expects to start spending in the coming weeks and months. He added that $275 million in “bridge” funds were released in March and have gone toward agriculture, work, health and shelter programs — not long-term reconstruction. Haitian advocates say that is not enough. Jean-Claude Bajeuax of the Ecumenical Center for Human Rights in Port-au-Prince said this phase was supposed to be about building semi-permanent houses. “Where are they? We haven’t seen them,” he said. “There is not much money that is being used. There is not much work that has actually been done.” Of course there is no guarantee that the money would lead to the successful rebuilding of Haiti. Many past U.S. aid efforts have fallen short. “I don’t think (the money) will make any difference,” said Haitian human rights advocate Pierre Esperance. “Haitian people are not really involved in this process.” But officials agree the funds could pay for new approaches to make Haiti more sustainable, and rebuilding projects could improve millions of lives. The AP found that $874 million of the funds pledged by other countries at the donors conference was money already promised to Haiti for work or aid before the quake. An additional $1.13 million wasn’t ever going to be sent; it was debt relief. And $184 million was in loans to Haiti’s government, not aid. The Office of the Special Envoy has been tracking the money delivered so far but does not know who got it. The envoy himself, former President Bill Clinton, told the AP in July and again in August that he was putting pressure on donors to meet


Demonstrators from New Jersey and New York gather Sept. 25 at the Haitian Consulate to march to the United Nations to push the Haitian government to pursue the nation that pledged aid but have not given it.

their pledges. On the streets of Haiti, many simply feel abandoned. Mishna Gregoire, 22, said she was happy when she heard about the donors conference. But six months later she is still in a tarp city with 5,000 other people, on a foul-smelling plaza in the Port-au-Prince suburb of Petion- Ville. “I thought it was something serious they were really going to do,” Gregoire said, standing amid tarps torn apart by the sudden storm. “But nothing has been done. And I don’t think anything will be done.” The story was first published by AP.


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010


Prescription By Dr. Gerald W. Deas

Pain Pills Can Be the Heart of the Problem Most folks will find their way to a doctor’s office or an emergency room when they experience pain that is not controlled by aspirin or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Tylenol #4, which contains codeine, will often reduce the pain. However, anything with codeine can only be prescribed by a physician. Many folks are allergic to codeine. Another group of drugs known as steroids are often used for painful conditions. However, they can cause complications and should only be prescribed by a physician. Several years ago, a new class of drugs, known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), were introduced as pain relievers. These drugs, such as Advil, Motrin, Nuprin, Naprosyn and Aleve, were very effective in relieving pain in many medical conditions; however, side effects, such as bleeding in the stomach along with liver toxicity, resulted. They were only made available by prescription from a doctor. As time went on, the pharmaceutical companies convinced those in charge of our healthcare that these drugs could be reduced in strength and sold over-thecounter. This was a bad move. Folks could buy the drug and double the dose to get what in the past could only be prescribed by a physician. This self-medication led to folks to experience the above- mentioned

side effects. Getting to the heart of the matter, researchers have shown that NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) may increase the risk of having a heart attack or stroke. A recent study by Dr. Emil Foshbol, of Gentofte University Hospital, in Copenhagen, Denmark, found that NSAID drugs may be the cause of cardiac disease. Many studies are now being done to understand the relationship of these drugs to cardiovascular disease. It is important for people in older age groups to use these drugs only when prescribed by a physician since NSAIDs can increase the risk of hemorrhaging (bleeding) in the stomach area. These drugs also cause sodium retention, which can result in swelling of the legs and the collection of fluid in the lungs. Other side effects, such as headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, colitis, blood disorders, depression and a host of other adverse reactions, can occur. These side effects are usually listed on the circular that comes with the medications and should be read before taking them. Just remember, pain pills can be at the heart of the problem. For more health tips and access to an online community of physicians and other healthcare professionals visit:

Bugs In Baby Formula? Parents Worried About Recall Worried parents have bombarded the maker of Similac with phone calls and peppered Facebook and Twitter pages over fears about insects in the top-selling baby formula after millions of cans were recalled. But the company said Thursday it's unlikely any of the formula already sold is tainted, and doctors offered more reassurance: Even if babies drink bug-tainted formula, the chance for serious harm is slim. ”There's no reason for parents to panic,” said Dr. Joseph Gigante, an associate professor of pediatrics at Vanderbilt Children's Hospital in Nashville, Tenn. Symptoms might include a mild upset stomach, but he says that should last only a few days. Still, parents like Stephanie Roseman of Farmington Hills, Mich., are upset. Her 3-month-old son seemed like he had a stomach ache this week after drinking formula from one of Abbott's recalled lots. So Roseman's switching to a rival formula. ”He was definitely fussy, and he's not a fussy kid at all,” said Roseman, 33. ”I wish they were a little more careful screening what's going into the formula.” North Chicago, Ill.-based Abbott voluntarily recalled 5 million cans and plastic containers of Similac powdered formula only as a precaution after small common beetles were found at its Sturgis, Mich., manufacturing plant, said company spokeswoman Kelly Morrison. The bugs are a common warehouse beetle that were found near a production line

late last week. Abbott immediately stopped production and then tested containers of formula from that line. Morrison said ”99.8 percent of product was not contaminated.” ”Chances are really, really remote” that beetle parts made it into formula that was sold to consumers, but the products were recalled just in case they might contain beetle parts or larvae, Morrison told The Associated Press. Similac is the top-selling infant formula in the United States. Abbott's nutritional products, including adult brands like Ensure, had worldwide sales of $5.3 billion last year. Morrison said Abbott expects to lose $100 million in connection with the recall. Recalled products include certain lots of Similac Advance LCP with iron powder, Go and Grow milk powder and Isomil Advance Powder. Morrison stressed that liquid formula is not involved. Affected products were sent throughout the United States, and to Bermuda, Guam, Puerto Rico and 17 other countries in the Caribbean region including Jamaica and Haiti. The company set up a website, http://, and consumer hot line at (800) 986-8850 where consumers can check to see if they have products with the affected lot numbers. Abbott said those products should be returned to the company see BUGS on page 23

September 29-October 5, 2010


The Haitian Times


U.S. Kids Drink Too Little Water: Study SATURDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Children in the United States are not drinking as much water as they should, and the deficiency can have far-reaching implications, a new study suggests. ”Even mild dehydration can affect physiological function, and cause fatigue, muscle weakness, headaches and dry mouth,” said Samantha Heller, clinical nutrition coordinator at the Center for Cancer Care at Griffin Hospital in Derby, Conn., who was not involved in the study. Impaired cognitive and mental performance are also linked to inadequate hydration, said Heller. According to the study, published in the October issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, only 15 to 60 percent of boys and 10 to 54 percent of girls, depending on age, drink the minimum amount of water recommended by the U.S. Institute of Medicine. Children obtain much of their water from sweetened beverages rather than plain old H2O, the researchers found. And those who drink the most plain water consume fewer sweetened beverages and eat fewer high-calorie foods. For the study, Ashima K. Kant from Queens College of the City University of New York and Barry I. Graubard of the U.S. National Cancer Institute looked at the water intake of 3,978 boys and girls,

aged 2 to 19 years, who had been included in a national nutrition study from 2005 to 2006. Included in their analysis was water itself, water in moist foods, and moisture in all beverages and nutritious drinks such as milk and juice. The investigators found that water intake from all sources varied by age: 2- to 5-year-olds drank 5.9 cups a day; 6- to 11-year-olds got 6.8 cups, and 12- to 19-year-olds consumed 10.1 cups daily. Girls generally drank less than boys, Kant and Graubard noted. Kids of all ages are more likely to drink beverages than water at mealtime, the findings suggest. More than two-thirds of water consumption was derived from beverages with main meals, while only one-third of the plain water was consumed with meals, the researchers found. ”Our results suggest age differences in the extent of water contributed by different sources to the diets of American

children,” the study authors wrote. ”The quality of food selections reported in association with plain water intake

was better than that reported with increasing beverage moisture, and the strength of these associations varied with age,” they added. ”Efforts to moderate the consumption

of sweetened beverages and promote plain water intake should not only continue to promote plain water for snacks but also should recognize the importance of replacing nonnutritive beverages at meal time with plain water,” Kant and Graubard concluded. As the children got older, consumption of plain water increased while intake of nutritive beverages, such as milk, decreased, the researchers found. Water makes up 55 to 75 percent of total body weight, said Heller. ”We cannot live without water for more than a few days because our bodies cannot store water. Thus, it is essential we replace the water our bodies lose every day.” Heller, a nutritionist and dietitian, advises starting children on water early. ”Give them water instead of sweetened beverages during the day and between meals,” she said. To make it more appealing, put sliced cucumbers, oranges, lemons or strawberries in ice water, she suggested. And if your child is hooked on sodas, she advised transitioning to seltzer or flavored seltzers instead.

Early Detection Helps Man Beat Colon Cancer

More HIV Care for Pregnant Women in Poor Countries

Lee Smith of Marietta, Ga., set himself up with an unusual 50th birthday gift: He scheduled a colonoscopy for a couple of days later. One of his uncles had died of colon cancer, and his father had died of leukemia when Smith was just 3 years old. ”I always had it in my mind that, when I turned 50, I would do this because of my family history,” he said. While he was recovering after the procedure, the doctor came in with some shocking news. ”They found around 75 precancerous polyps, which is an enormous number,” Smith, now 51, said. ”I was certainly surprised. It was a scary thing. What happened to my father was a lot of the emotional part of this. I grew up without a father, and so the last thing I wanted to do was have my kids grow up without a father.” Doctors usually can remove polyps found during a colonoscopy, making it one of the best cancer-prevention techniques around. But they couldn't remove that many, Smith recounted. He said that he and his doctor began talking that very day about major surgery to remove part of his colon. A few weeks later, Smith returned for the surgery. ”The polyps were not all over my colon, but were concentrated in certain areas,” he said. ”They cut out two-thirds of my colon, and then reconnected the two ends.”

WASHINGTON – Just over half of HIV-infected pregnant women in poor countries received crucial AIDS drugs to protect their unborn children last year, the World Health Organization reported Tuesday — one of a list of improvements in the global fight against HIV. Fifteen percent of infected pregnant women had access to that therapy five years ago, an important jump in the quest

The surgery went fine, he said, but recuperating took a lot of time, starting with an eight-day hospital stay after the surgery. ”Basically they shut your system down, and then they have to restart it again,” he said. ”They have to be convinced that the system is all working again before they will let you go home.” He then spent several months at home fully healing from the surgery. ”I've got a 12-inch scar on my belly where they opened me up,” he said. ”It's very painful, even with the drugs, because of the place of the incision.” But, he added with a chuckle, ”it only hurts when you move.” Radiation and chemotherapy were not part of his treatment, Smith said, because the polyps were detected so early. And he remains cancer free. ”I've had one colonoscopy since then,” he said. ”I had one or two polyps, and they took them out, and everything's fine.” Smith said he considers his colonoscopy and surgery ”a case study in preventive medicine.” ”If I hadn't done it, I wouldn't be here,” he said. ”I'm healthy. I'm exercising. The good news in all of this is we caught it early and I'll get to see my kids grow up, which I definitely would not have been able to do otherwise,” Lee added. ”I really do consider myself blessed because we found this thing early and cut it out,” he said.

Only a third of people in need can get the drugs and most people living with HIV don't know it, the report concludes to eliminate mother-to-child HIV transmission by 2015. Overall, Tuesday's ”Towards Universal Access” report shows steady increases in the number of people taking lifesaving antiretroviral treatment last year, to a record 5.2 million in poor and middleincome countries. Still, only a third of people in need can

get the drugs and most people living with HIV don't know it, the report concludes — and it warns that the economic crisis could imperil even these treatment gains if investments in the global fight from poor and rich countries alike falter. ”It's an important moment. We need to sustain the momentum,” WHO's AIDS director, Dr. Gottfried Hirnschall, told The Associated Press. The report comes ahead of a meeting next week about the budget of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, an international group that also has been an important financer. Among the findings of the report, from WHO and the United Nations: • Fifteen countries — including particularly hard-hit South Africa, Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland — provided most of their pregnant women medicines and services to prevent mother-to-child transmission last year. • Fourteen countries, including Brazil, Namibia and Ukraine, provided HIV treatment to more than 80 percent of their HIV-positive children in need. • Eight countries provided HIV treatment to more than 80 percent of adults in need. They are: Botswana, Cambodia, Croatia, Cuba, Guyana, Oman, Romania and Rwanda. Another 21 countries are getting close to that treatment target.


The Haitian Times

New York Manhattan

September 29-October 5, 2010


-Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will be having mammogram check every First Monday of each month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. In front of CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. These Mammograms will only be for women ages 40 and older, with or without insurance who are New York City residents. Mobile mammogram unit provided by American Italian Cancer Foundation. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088 -The Men's Health Clinic at Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will offer Primary health care services for men in a male-centered environment every first and fourth Saturday of every month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m at the CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center, 81 W. 115th Street, New York. To Make An Appointment: Call (212) 426-0088 A free festival of Haitian music, dance and art will take place on Saturday, October 16, 2010, 12 p.m.—6 p.m. Affirmation Arts and Haiti Cultural Exchange invite the community to experience and celebrate the rich cultural heritage of Haiti at Selebrasyon!, a free, all-day festival that will bring the sights and sounds of Haiti to Manhattan’s west side. An event for all ages, Selebrasyon! revolves around Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art, an exhibition that consists of more than 50 artworks including sculpture, paintings, and works on paper. Most of the artwork has never been seen outside of Haiti, and two pieces were recovered and restored from the January 12, 2010 earthquake. The program is as followed: Haitian Jazz Bands Markus Schwartz and Lakou Brooklyn, as well as Buyu Ambroise & The Blues in Red Band, featuring soulful jazz singer Melanie Charles. Artist Workshops for children of all ages conducted by Haitian artists Klode Garoute, Cybil Charlier, Shakespeare Guirand and others. Storytelling by Jennifer Celestin of classic Haitian tales. Haitian Dancers performing lively works to traditional Haitian music. Film Screening of “Maestro Issa,” a 52-minute documentary tracing the evolution of Haitian music in the 1930's and 1940's through the career of a Haitian musician of Lebanese origin. Gallery Tours by Saving Grace: A Celebration of Haitian Art curator Gérald Alexis and Affirmation Arts director Marla Goldwasser. Events will take place at Affirmation Arts, 523 West 37th Street, New York, NY 10018 (Between 10th Avenue

& 11th Avenue in Manhattan) Haitian music, dance and art will fill all three floors of the stunning arts complex. Central Harlem Health Revival (CHHR), Patricia Butts, Co-Chair, CHHR and First Lady, The Abyssinian Baptist Church, Dr. Olajide Williams, Harlem Hospital, Council Member Inez E. Dickens, DJ Envy, the Cold Crush Brothers and invited guests: Congressman Charles B. Rangel, Assemblyman Keith L.T. Wright and Senator Bill Perkins. WHAT: Health Walk – It’s A Health Thing! & 5th Anniversary Health Festival DATE: Sunday, September

26, 2010 ● 1:00p.m. for a press Conference at 2:45p.m. at 148th Street and Bradhurst Avenue. A Festiva lwill directly follow the 5th Anniversary Health Festival. Celebration of Haitian Art is on display at Affirmation Arts from October 1—November 24, 2010.


The Queens Museum of Art, at New York City Building, located at Flushing Meadows Corona Park Queens, invite people to its celebratory 5th Anniversary Cocktail Reception on October 7th at 6pm. The museum provides convenient access, either on site or nearby, to everything visitors from the publishing and editorial industry might want or need, from restaurants, hotel rooms and entertainment, to a quick trip to the Flushing Meadow Park. For more information about V Book Fair Expo New York 2010 please contact:  (917) 2383155 Waldo Guevara at 516.884.2037.


The United Community Centers, a Brooklyn, New York non-profit, needs your help in spreading the word to garner the public’s vote to become one of five organizations to receive $20,000 in project sponsorship through the Tom’s of Maine’s “50 States for Good” initiative. Focused on grassroots projects that bring positive, lasting change to communities, the “50 States for Good” program also asks organizations to share what their volunteer needs are to help get important projects started or to broaden their reach. If named a winner, United Community Centers will use the funds to expand their healthy living project by implementing a new curriculum that will train the twenty-four youth in their paid internship program to cook nutritious meals using fresh, local produce. Following the training, the young people will take the lead in organizing six Community Meals. for information contact Susan Dewhirst at sdewhirst@ or call (207) 467-2406. Miami Florida Charles Buford, a disabled veteran and his organization Make a Wish Veterans are leading a global humanitarian effort on Tuesday, September 28th 2pm sharp Mr. Charles Buford This year, Charles Buford will be hosting Christmas for Haiti. Mr. Buford and his organization are gathering sleeping bags, toys for the children, tents and many other needed supplies. Two airplanes have been donated by Florida Air Transport and an airdrop will take place on Christmas Eve with receiving agents already in place. For contact information visit

to The Haitian Times

$52 New York and Tri State area $65 Outside New York Call 718-230-8700

September 29-October 5, 2010


The Haitian Times


Hyundai Recalls 139,500 Sonatas in US on Steering WASHINGTON – Hyundai Motor Co. said it is voluntarily recalling 139,500 Sonata sedans in the U.S. because of a manufacturing defect that could cause drivers to lose steering control. The recall affects 2011 models built between Dec. 11, 2009 and Sept. 10, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration noted on its website Sunday. Some of the cars have steering column shafts with connections that may not have been tightened enough or were improperly assembled. As a result, the steering wheel could become separated from the column

The U.S. government had opened an investigation into possible steering problems in the vehicle in August. or a driver could lose the ability to properly steer the car. The U.S. government had opened an investigation into possible steering problems in the vehicle in August. Hyundai, South Korea's top automaker, has said there have been no related injuries or crashes reported. Owners of affected vehicles can go to their dealers for inspection. Dealers also will update power steering software. Owners may also call NHTSA at 888-327-4236 for more information. The recall comes as automakers ramp up their focus on safety and quality control in the wake of Toyota Motor Corp.'s massive global recall last year over gas

pedal and floor mat problems. In February, Hyundai announced a recall of about 47,000 Sonata midsize sedans, mostly sold in South Korea, to replace front door latches following a handful of customer complaints. The company said it had discovered a mechanical problem with the latches which, in rare instances, would not

close properly. Earlier this month, Hyundai affiliate Kia Motors said Chung Sung-eun resigned as vice chairman following a global recall of more than 100,000 vehicles due to defective wiring. Of that total, 35,185 vehicles were recalled in the United States. Together, Kia and Hyundai form the world's fifth-

largest automotive group. So far this year, U.S. sales are up 17 percent for Hyundai Motor America, though August sales fell 11 percent from a yearearlier record sparked by federal Cash for Clunkers rebates. The new Sonata has been selling well and nearly doubled its sales numbers to 21,399 in August.

White House, Dems See Tax Cut Vote after Election WASHINGTON – The White House and Democratic leaders in Congress said Sunday they would find a way to extend middle-class tax cuts after the November elections, unable to secure GOP backing before lawmakers break to campaign. ”One way or the other, we're going to get it done. And I believe the pressure is going to build among the American people” said David Axelrod, President Barack Obama's top political aide. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., had suggested that a vote could be held this coming week before lawmakers leave town for the elections. But her deputy, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer of Maryland, said Sunday that holding a vote wouldn't matter because the legislation is still languishing in the Senate under GOP objections. Both parties are using the delay in a vote on the fate of these George W. Bush-era cuts at a time of record deficits as political ammunition this election season.

Democratic leaders have said they want to freeze tax rates for individuals making up to $200,000 and for families earning up to $250,000. Republicans, as well as some more conservative Democrats, want to extend all of Bush's income tax cuts permanently, even for the wealthiest of Americans. Democrats think the climate for compromise will improve after the election. They will still need at least one Republican vote in the Senate to pass a bill. ”We are for making sure that the middleclass Americans do not get a tax increase. And we're going to make sure that happens,” Hoyer said. Republicans say they want a chance to debate extending the tax cuts beyond the middle class or else they will block the Democratic proposal. ”If she's not willing to have a fair and open debate, she should not count on our votes,” House GOP Leader John Boehner said of Pelosi.

Axelrod said that kind of strong-arm tactic will hurt Republicans in this fall's election. ”They're going to have to explain to their constituents why they're holding up tax cuts for the middle class,” Axelrod

”They're going to have to explain to their constituents why they're holding up tax cuts for the middle class,” Axelrod said. ” said. ”And I think it's an untenable position to say, ”We're going to allow your taxes to go up on January 1st unless the president agrees to give tax cuts to millionaires and billionaires.” The Senate's second-ranking Democrat said he hoped the atmosphere will have

changed after the election and the impassed ended. ”Occasionally one Republican will break ranks and help us,” said Sen. Dick Durbin, D-Ill. Still, Republicans have seized on the impasse in Congress by alleging that Democrats are contributing to consumer uncertainty. ”The Democrats have failed to lead this,” said Rep. Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif. ”They are going to want to leave the House without dealing with it. That uncertainty itself is keeping capital on the sidelines and keeping jobs from being created in America.” Boehner said that if the House leaves without blocking the tax increases, ”it will be the most irresponsible thing that I've seen since I have been in Washington, D.C.” Axelrod spoke on ABC's ”This Week.” Hoyer, Boehner and McCarthy appeared ”Fox News Sunday.” Durbin was on CNN's ”State of the Union.”

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The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

Compiled by Ralph Delly

Murielle Leconte Hospitalized With Cancer

Haitian painter and stylist, Murielle Leconte is hospitalized in Miami, FL. She was admitted to a South Florida hospital for cancer. Murielle says in a statement that she has ”been feeling badly on and off for a while, but didn't think it was serious.” The designer is said to be in stable condition after a surgery. She was first on tour with Belo right before the earthquake on January 12 then went to the hospital when her physical condition worsened. Family and friends expect her to be released soon.

Sean Penn to be Honored for Haiti Work Veteran actor Sean Penn will be honored for his charity work in earthquake-hit Haiti at this year's Hollywood film festival on Oct 25. The 'Milk' star co-founded the J/P Haitian Relief Organization in the wake of the January earthquake and has spent months in the Caribbean nation distributing food and medical supplies as well as building schools and hospitals. He had received a knighthood in Haiti for his efforts and now will receive the Hollywood Humanitarian Award at the Hollywood Awards Gala Ceremony in Beverly Hilton Hotel, Beverly Hills, California.

Concert to Benefit Libraries, Damaged in the Haiti Earthquake

On Oct. 22, the Center for Latin American Studies supported by the Brazilian Cultural Arts Exchange, the UF Black Graduate Student Organization, the UF School of Theater and Dance will unite in a benefit concert to protect the Haitian Patrimony damaged in the January 12 earthquake. The fundraiser will feature music and dance performances celebrating the African Diaspora in Latin America and the Caribbean. Performances will include capoeira, Afro-Brazilian dance, Afro-Haitian dance, reggae, Afro-Peruvian music, samba music and more. Choreographers and performers include Professor Elizabeth Chin from Occidental College in Los Angeles; Bohasha Porto, Leandro Silva and Janete Silva of the Brazilian Cultural Arts Exchange; and the group Macaxeira Roots


The “Haitian Heart” is the theme for a new initiative of Macy’s in order to support artisanat in Haiti. This initiative will allow the sale of traditional Haitian art conceived especially for Macy’s by Haitian artisans. The artwork will be available in over twenty five Macy’s mega stores by the end of next month. The mega store will work closely with the artists when they need more merchandise Macy’s give each piece of art which has been conceived exclusively for the store a certificate of authenticity.

NBA Star Howard Dwight Plans to Build a Stadium in Haiti Orlando Magic basketball player Dwight Howard who visited Haiti last week, would fund the construction of a basketball stadium in Haiti, according to the Haitian Olympic Committee. During his stay in Haiti, the NBA star with his foundation said he wished to intervene not only for children but also to restore sports infrastructures destroyed by the earthquake. Other major players in the NBA including Kobe Bryant and Paul Gasol were also very interested in the Haiti’s case. The study for the construction of the center has already been launched, the president of the Haitian Olympic Committee Jean-Edouard Baker said.

Montreal to Open the 9th Edition of “Month of Creole”

The ”Month of Creole” in Montreal is the only major event of the cultural world that devotes the entire month of October to celebrate Creole language and culture. Organized by KEPKAA under the theme: ”Building on the identity Creole”, the 9th edition of the Month of Creole will be held from Oct.1st to 30th . Several conferences are planned, including that of the Pensioners Association of Haitian origin in Quebec and Canada, (AROHQC). Also, a series of activities around dance and music will be presented. They include the performance of jazz with Afro Caribbean group led by Makaya Jazz pianist David Bontemps and the spectacle of dance Folk Explosion Mama Vivi where costumes and traditional objects will be honored.

Youth Communication Published “Haiti on My Mind”

1. Kreyol La - vagabon 4 life 2. Gary D Perez - Fidel 3. WOW - Doudou Bang 4. P Andrey & Jim Rama - Désizyon 5. Belo - Lakou Trankil 6. Francis MAÏV - Vivre avec toi 7. Jhon Clark - Ki lè N'ap Fè l' 8. Mayer Morissette - Feeling yo 9. Jean Philippe Martély - Bel Kreati 10. Barikad Crew - Banm afèm To send in your request, log on to

MACY’s Welcomes Haitian Artisans in its Mega Stores

Courtesy of

Needed for success in school, on the job, and in civic life has just published a collection of stories in response to the catastrophic January 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Haiti on My Mind includes an introduction and two stories by world renowned writer Edwidge Danticat (former teen writer at Youth Communication). The collection also offers discussion Youth Communication, an organization founded in 1980 to train teens in writing and other skills questions for use as an educational tool. The book description says: “The American teens have responded generously to the earthquake in Haiti. But Haiti is more than poverty and devastation. The timeless, true stories by Haitian-American teens in this book depict the richness of Haitian culture and traditions and its troubled history through the eyes of teens. Teens from any background will relate to the writers’ struggles with identity, family relations, loss, and starting over.”

Virginia “Nia” Mahotière Got Married

The singer got married on last Saturday September 25 to Woobens Louis. The wedding, the couple says, was completely arranged. Well, there was apparently nothing filmy in the way the marriage took place though, except it was something exotic, according to one showbiz informant that observed the wedding. The wedding is the first one for the couple that expects a twin babies in February. see SHOWBIZ on page 19

September 29-October 5, 2010


The Haitian Times


First Annual Taste of Haiti Honors Haitian Culture Photo by Pearl Perkins

Art and food lovers gather last saturday at ”A Taste of Haiti” cultural featuring an art exhibit by several Haitian artists. The gathering was to raise funds, collect intruments and supplies for the Haitian artists that were affected by the January 12, 2010. ”Our goal is to stay connected with the artists, give them our support so that they continue to get inspired, ” said Maud Pamphile co -owner of Krik Krak restaurant in Manhattan and one of the event organizer.


continued from page 18

Tifane is Representing Haiti in Hawaï

Soulful artist Tifane has been invited by the International Society of Prevention Child Abuse and Neglect to represent Haiti at their 18th annual gathering in Honolulu from September 25 to 30. She is the only Caribbean female artist among six on the bill. Recognizing her immense talent and incredible achievements through her project KALM, she will meet different worldwide organizations as a sociologist. Tifane has distinction of being one of the rare artists from the Caribbean picked to talk about handicapped children. Founded in 1977, the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN) is a multidisciplinary international organization that aims to prevent and treat child abuse, neglect and exploitation globally.

Dieudonne Cedor Passed Away

The famous Haitian painter Dieudonne Cedor had died Sept 27 at his home in Carrefour, a neighborhood of Port-au-Prince. Cedor had been ill for several months. He was 85. It is a very big loss,” Mireille Pérodin Jerome, director of the Art Gallery 'Les Ateliers Jerome' said of the death of the artist. Born in 1925, in Anse Veau, in the Nippes Department, Cedor began in 1947 at the Art Center, founded three years ago at the initiative of the American Dewitt Peters. ”I feel peace because I went to see him a few days before his death at the hospital, I was happy to talk to him,” said Culture Minister, Marie Laurence Jocelyn Lassegue reached by telephone by a local news agency . A great painter, Cedor has trained many young people. ”I think he can go with peace after a job well done. The Government salute his departure and the tremendous work he has done,” Ms. Lassegue said.


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

4 Steps to Keeping Fish from Sticking I love fish. And since that’s mainly what I eat these days (gave up meat and poultry about 2 years ago), I’ve had to be quite creative in not only the types of fishes I eat, but also in the ways I cook fish. Since I am an aspiring healthy eater, I do my best (most times) to stay from fried foods. But how do you get that crisp tasty flavor that only fat can provide without frying the fish in a pot of oil? That’s where pan searing comes in. Pan searing is that method of creating a very nice crisp coating on meat or seafood to lock in the juices, all while maintaining that juicy center. The meat or fish is placed in a hot pan that is lightly coated with oil or cooking spray. However, unlike steaks and chicken, fish presents a major hurdle in the pan searing process for most of us. It tends to stick! So how do we prevent this stickiness that often leaves our fish all unraveled and disheveled in the pan? 4 Steps to Ensure Your Fish Does Not Stick Step 1.

It is important that your heat is high. Fish is mainly protein, and protein is well, glue. And glue sticks, especially as it unravels at low temperatures. This is why it is important that your heat is high. If your heat is high, the piece of fish, will be set, and will not break down chemically. Thus, keep the heat high. Step 2. Once you have your high heat, you need to ensure your pan is hot and stays hot. The way to know that the pan is hot is when the pan with the oil has smoke coming from it, or when a small drop of water falls in the heated pot, it evaporates within a second. I recom-

mend the smoke technique, it is safer. Not only must the pan be hot before you place the fish in it, it must also be hot while the fish is in it too, which is why it’s best to not pan sear cold fish. Bring the fish to room temperature first. Cold pieces of meat will cool your pan down and giving those proteins more time to unravel. So ensure that the fish is not. Step 3. Ensure the fish is dry. This is important because pan searing requires some kind of fat. Not much, just enough to coat the bottom of what ever pan you are using. And we all know that oil and water does not mix. So for your safety, pat dry the fish. Also, any liquid would cool down the pan, and as we stated earlier, the pan must stay hot.

Step 4. Timing is key in maintaining your fish. We tend to like to move around meat as soon as we place it in the pot. In the pan searing process, place it down, and forget it at least for about 3 to 5 minutes anyways. I like to place the skin side down first. This is because the skin side is usually the presentation side, and your heat is the hottest earlier on. So I like to get that nice crisp look on the side that will be plated up first. Once the fish has cooked, it should move quite easily. If it is resisting, it is not ready! Leave it alone. With a large spatula, try to move it, once it moves freely, flip, and leave it alone again until it is ready. If it is a thick piece of fish, place it in a baking pan and bake in the oven so the middle can cook. VOILA! NON STICKY FISH!

Nadege Fleurimond is the owner & business manager of Fleurimond Catering, Inc.,, an off-premise catering firm serving the NY/ NJ/CT/MA areas. She is also the author of a Taste of Life: A Culinary Memoir, a humorous and heart warming compilation of recipes and funny anecdotes. ( For questions and comments you may write her at

Cocktail Corner A Clockwork Tangerine recipe 12 oz Sprite® soda 1 packet Kool-Aid® Tangerine mix 1 oz Bacardi® gold rum 1 oz Smirnoff® vodka

Combine all ingredients in a beef pilsner. Stir together, and serve.

A Crow Left of the Murder recipe 2 oz Old Crow® bourbon whiskey 2 oz cranberry juice 2 oz pineapple juice

Add all ingredients to a cocktail shaker half-filled with ice cubes. Shake well, strain into a highball glass filled with ice cubes, and serve with a straw.

September2-8, 29-October 5, 2010 December 2009

HTCLASSIFIEDS To an ad ad in in THE THE CLASSIFIEDS Section, call call(718) (718)230 230 ——8700 8700 To place place an CLASSIFIEDS Section,


SUPREME COURT – COUNTY OF KINGS NOTICE OF FORMATION OF DEUTSCHE BANK COMPANY. NATIONAL LIMITED LIABILITY TRUST COMPANY, AS NAME: 2865 CONEY ISLAND TRUSTEE AVENUE AND LLC. CUSTODIAN Articles of FOR MORGANwere STANLEY ABS Organization filed with CAPITAL INC, MSAC 2007-HE3, the Secretary of State of New Plaintiff against on 12/14/05. York (SSNY) WENDY CHARLES The latest GILMORE; date of dissolution is GILMORE, et al Defendant(s). 12/31/2045.Office location: Kings County. has been Pursuant to aSSNY Judgment of designated and as agent of the LLC Foreclosure Sale entered on upon whom process against September 15, 2010. may be served. SSNY I,it the undersigned Referee willshall sell mail a copy of process the at public auction in Roomto274 LLC, Stuart Goldstein, 150 of thec/o Kings County Courthouse, Great NeckStreet, Rd., Brooklyn, Great Neck, 360 Adams N.Y. NewtheYork is also on 4th11021, day ofwhich November, the registered agent 2010 at 3:00 p.m. Said address. premises Purpose: ForLafayette any Avenue, lawful known as 591 purpose. N.Y. 11216. Brooklyn, Tax account number: SBL #: 178489. Approximate amount of lien Articles of Organization $ 688,674.21 plus interest filed and with the SSNYwill on be 6/25/09 for costs. Premises sold subject SAINTWELL to provisionsWEALTH-BUILDING of filed judgment ANDterms INFORMATION CENTER, and of sale. Index No. LLC, 1405 Brooklyn Ave Esq., 6G, 25958-07. Elena Makau, Brooklyn NY 11210. Referee. Fein Such & Crane, LLP Attorney(s) for Plaintiff NOTICE FORMATION OF 1800 First OF Federal Plaza LIMITED LIABILITY COMPAGNY. Rochester, N.Y. 14614 NAME : 754ofGRAND STREET, Notice Formation Articles oLLC. f L Oof A D Organization INGDOCK5 were filed withPLLC, the a Secretary ARCHITECTURE Prof. LLC. of State of New Yorkthe(SSNY) Arts. of Org. filed with SSNY on 10/12/2005. 09/10/09. The latest date on Office location: of dissolution 12/31/2050. Kings County. isSSNY has been Office location: Kings designated as agent uponCounty. whom SSNY has been designated as process against it may be served. agent of the LLC upon whom SSNY shall mail a copy of process process against it may NY be to: 184 Kent Ave., Brooklyn, served. SSNY shall mail a copy 11211, Address changed to of process to the LLC, 220 649 Morgan Ave 1F, Brooklyn Montauk Street, Valley Stream, NY 11222 on 03/21/2006 New York 11580. Purpose: For and changed to 319 Bedford any lawful purpose. Ave #3 Brooklyn, NY 11211 on 10/03/2007. Purpose: To Practice OF The FORMATION Profession Of NOTICE Architecture of 6715 Bay Pkwy., LLC Art. of Org filed Sec’y of State (SSNY) 11/2/09. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to c/o Domenico and Anna Aulisa, 24 Bayridge Parkway, Brooklyn, NY 11209 Purpose: any lawful activities.

adoption A BABY IS OUR –COUNTY DREAM: COURT SUPREME We're LoriTHE & Steve, a loving CORNERSTONE KINGS OF couple who's longing to against 70 FOUNDATIONPlaintiff adopt! We careHOLDING, about you. LLC PLACE HANSON Please call 1-800-982-3678. (s). Pursuant to a al Defendant et Expensesofpaid. Foreclosure and Sale Judgment entered herein and dated May I, the undersigned 2010, Wanted 25, autos Referee will sell at public auction County Courthouse, the Kings VEHICLE: at DONATE RECEIVE Room 224, Street, COUPON. Adams 360 $1000 GROCERY day the 14th NO Brooklyn, NOAH'S NY ARConSUPPORT at 3: 00 PM 2010 of KILLOctober, SHELTERS, RESEARCH an being in situate, lying premises TO ADVANCE VETERINARY the Borough of Brooklyn, County TREATMENTS FREE of Kings, City and State of New TOWING, TAX DEDUCTIBLE, York, bounded and described as NON-RUNNERS at a point BEGINNINGACCEPTED follows: 1-866-912-GIVE the southerly side of Hanson on Place, distant 80 feet easterly from the corner formed by the Business the southerly side ofoppoRtunity intersection of Hanson Place with the easterly ALL CASH VENDING. a Place; beingDo side of South Elliot you 100 earn 100 feetabyday? by 20 in feet$800 plot Yourbyown local candy route. 20 feet. feet Includes 25 Machines 70 known as and premises Said Candy. Place, Brooklyn, NY Hanson All for $9,995.888-771amount of lien $ Approximate 3496 plus interest & costs. 876,700.00 Premises will be sold subject to provisions of filed judgment and HelpofWanted sale. Index Number terms 16585/07. FRANK PELLEGRINI, AIRLINES ARE HIRING- Train Referee ESQ., & FEUERSTEIN KRISS for high paying LLPAviation (s) for Plaintiff Attorney Maintenance Career. FAA suite Avenue, Lexington 360 approved program. Financial York, NY 10017 1200, aid ifNewqualifiedHousing Available. CALL Aviation Institute of Maintenance (888)349-5387 Notice of Formation of PIER 17 PROVIDER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES land IPA, LLC. Arts. of Org. filed with Secy. of State of NY Office on 08/26/10. (SSNY) NC MOUNTAINS ClOSEOUT Princ. County. Kings shell, location: SALE! Cabin 2+ acres Sable, Inessaprivate, Attn:very of LLC:view, office with great 201, Ste.large Bay Pkwy., & 8878 big trees,waterfalls public lake nearby, $99,500 Bank financing. 866-2750442

lots & acReage ABANDONED UPSTATE NY FARM! 10 acres- $26,900 Adjoins State Land, views, mowed fields, woods, apple trees, lots of deer! Terms! Call now! 877-856-0882

to The Haitian Times

Notice of formation of LLC ALWAYS AT SEA PRODUCTIONS, LLC128 St. Marks Avenue Brooklyn, NY 11217.


COLLEGE visitONLINE information For moreATTEND

from home. *Medical, *Business, *Paralegal, *Accounting, *Criminal Justice. Job placement assistance Computer available. Financial Aid if qualified. Call 888-201-8657

Notice of Formation of Golden 88 Realty LLC, Art. of Org. filed Sec'y of State (SSNY) 10/8/09. Office location: Kings County. SSNY designated as agent of LLC upon whom process against it may be served. SSNY shall mail copy of process to 6820 15th Ave., Brooklyn, NY 11219. Purpose: any lawful activities.

JWGF ENTERPRISES LLC, a domestic Limited Liability Company (LLC) filed with the Sec of State of NY on 10/23/09. NY Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY shall mail a copy of any process against the LLC served upon him/her to Richard Gordon, 291 Warren St., Brooklyn, NY 11201. General Purposes

Brooklyn, NY 11214. SSNY Can deliver. 917-731-0425 of LLC upon as agent designated whom process against it may be ITALIANSSNY LEATHER process shall mail LIVING served. ROOM SETatin original of its the addr.plastic, the LLC to never used. Original price princ. office. Purpose: Any lawful $3,000, sacrifice $975. Bill activity. 347-328-0651

Real estate

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the Caribbean with

The Haitian Times.

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To place an ad in THE CLASSIFIED section, call (718) 230 — 8700 Ad Deadline: 5pm Friday for following issue. Classified ads may be placed over the phone with a credit card from Monday through Friday, 10am to 5pm. Ads may be faxed to (718) 230 — 7172. Ads must be sent in by Friday, 5pm for insertion in the following Wednesday's paper. Please include credit card details (card number, Name, Experation date, a contact phone number) Ads may be sent in via email to Ads may be sent in by mail. Send typewritten or clearly printed ad along with a check or credit card information and contact phone number to: Haitian Times, Classified Dept., 495 Flatbush Ave. Brooklyn NY 11225 We accept Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover. 3 line minimum for all ads.

22 8


The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010

A Better You

By Onyi


Breakfast of Champions

When my alarm rings in the morning my immediate reaction is to hit snooze. I tend to hit snooze a few too many times which leads to the eventual oh [expletive] moment when I realize that I have 15 minutes to shower, brush my teeth, floss, get dressed, do my makeup, make breakfast, eat breakfast, pack lunch, pack anything else I need for the day and get out of the house. Obviously all of this can’t get done in 15 minutes so something is getting cut from the morning routine. And, like most of us, I choose to sacrifice breakfast first. Many of you know the drill all too well. “All I need is a cup of coffee to get me going...I’m not even hungry...I can eat breakfast later...I need to lose weight anyway...” Then hours go by and it’s 3 pm and you realized you haven’t even eaten breakfast let alone lunch. Then you have a crazy lunch of a burger and fries with eggs exclaiming that you’re making up for breakfast and lunch. Remember in grammar school when your teachers would tell you that breakfast is the most important meal of the day? Well they weren’t pulling your leg. Most people don’t realize the detrimental

effects of skipping breakfast, especially since it’s such a common occurrence. But anything you may be gaining by skipping breakfast is not worth what you lose. If you’re skipping breakfast to lose weight, then you’re probably training your body to do the opposite. You don’t eat while you sleep...well I hope you don’t. Most people don’t eat right before bed so if you add the hours from dinner to next day’s lunch, that could be anywhere from 15 to 20 hours. When your body doesn’t get any food for an extended period of time it goes into starvation mode, hoarding all the fat it can get its hands on until the

famine comes. But most likely that famine will never come.

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When you eat breakfast within 90 minutes of waking up your body produces enzymes that kick start your metabolism so that it burns fat rather than store fat. So if you’re trying to lose weight, eat breakfast.

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Skipping breakfast also leads to other terrible eating habits, such as eating bad foods and binge eating. First when you skip breakfast, your appetite increases as the day goes on. You’ll begin to snack mindlessly on anything that you can get your hands on. Usually this will be foods like cookies, chips and candy. And when you finally sit down to eat a meal you’re more likely to overeat to compensate for the meals you’ve skipped.

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When you eat breakfast, you’re less hungry throughout the day. Your appetite will be more in control. You’ll be able to focus more on other things. Studies show that when you eat breakfast you’re more likely to lose weight and stick to a more healthy diet.

And Tim

I know that getting breakfast together can be a chore, but it’s a worthwhile chore. And hopefully it’ll become as second nature as brushing your teeth in the morning. Until next time, cheers to a better you!

HAIT Aquarius

Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

You may find yourself in the limelight whether you want to be there or not. Make sure that the publicity you get is the publicity you want. A wonderful combination of planetary energies will bring good fortune your way. You may get a windfall or unexpected payment. You might also want to buy a lottery ticket or take a financial risk. It could pay off handsomely. The more ideas you can come up with, the better off you'll be.


Feb. 20 - March 19

You may discover your true passion and be ready to follow it to the ends of the earth. If you go on vacation, you won't want to go anywhere too commercial. Instead, you'll strike out on your own and you may even find a trip to the ancient pyramids of Egypt of greater interest. If you've been thinking of taking a course or class, you may be drawn to counseling, psychology, or even the exploration of dreams.


March 20 - April 18

Mars moves into Scorpio and joins Venus in your joint financial zone. This is the time to get cracking and create a more abundant lifestyle. If you feel an intuitive urge to start your own business and perhaps partner with someone else who shares your interests, you can create great wealth. It's just a question of making the consistent effort. Pay attention to your dreams they'll inspire you in wonderful ways. The end of the week brings an intense love affair.


April 19 - May 20

Interactions with others are going to be a lot more intense. Long-term relationships will be stirred up. If you've been sweeping issues under the carpet, you'll no longer be able to do this. They may come into the open with the force of a tsunami. Try to sort out difficulties sooner rather than later. New friends will join you and they could prove to be very lucky. They'll open your mind to new ideas and experiences.


May 21 - June 20

You're passionate about your health and your job, but in light of this week's very intense energy, don't sabotage your best efforts. Root out those hidden agendas and all will be well. You may be very eager to get your body in shape, but once again, there's a danger of burning yourself out in your determination to get results. Be careful. A fabulous career opportunity comes your way, so look out for synchronicities that alert you to one offer's potential


June 21 - July 22

Mars enters your creative zone and helps you discover your natural passion. You're very determined, whether you want to start dating, begin your own business, or go off in a fresh creative direction. New love affairs will have a powerful intensity about them and may turn into counseling sessions that last long into the night. Your love affairs will transform you in one way or another. This week there's also the chance of a very intense meeting. Be careful


July 23 - Aug. 22

You'll feel very motivated to transform your life. Besides clearing the clutter out of your home, you might want to expose some of the family skeletons that have been buried for far too long. Doing so could bring a huge sense of release and relief to everyone. You may have no choice in the matter. There is good news on the financial front as Jupiter conjuncts Uranus. Expect a windfall or a bit of cash out of the blue.


Aug.23 - Sept.22

You understand the power of knowledge. From this week on, you'll have even more powerful realizations that could earn you a lot of money. Ideas create wealth, which means you're going to become very rich. If you're a public speaker or you work in sales, you'll set people alight with your spiel. They won't be able to resist you. Your love life looks fun. Your lover has an inspired idea that will bring some magic into your life.


Sept.23 - Oct. 22

You may want to brighten up your place by buying furniture, carpets, curtains, and pieces of art. On the other hand, the Sun is still in your spiritual zone, so another part of you is eager to chill out and relax. Take a look at the way your life has panned out over the previous year. Is this what you really want? If not, start on the inside and visualize the changes you need to make. Think about your health and well-being, too.


Oct. 21 - Nov 20

You'll be even more passionate and powerful than ever. There is no challenge too big for you to overcome. You may even create challenges just to test yourself if nothing much is going on. You also have a very powerful magnetism that attracts people for a variety of reasons. Your love life is likely to be wilder and more intense than ever. You're seeking the ultimate experience and it looks like you might find it.


N o v. 2 2 - D e c . 2 1

Everything begins with a thought. To be successful in love or business, you need to think the right thoughts. You now have the opportunity to find out how to look inside your head and become more deeply acquainted with yourself. New love affairs begin while you're on a retreat or at a spiritual workshop. You may also sense a karmic link there that you might want to investigate. Business ideas come to you in dreams and through your intuition. Listen to them!


Dec. 22 - Jan 19

You're very keen to meet with key people, especially those who hold positions of power. You'll be in your element as you discuss business ideas and find ways to create fabulous success. Later in the week, a wonderful aspect brings a chance for an especially lucrative deal. You can't afford to miss this one. Your desire for success is likely to drive new love affairs. They will be passionate and very intense. Don't presume anything.

495 Flatb

The Haitian Times

September 29-October 5, 2010


continued from page 10

group would not fund her bid. The group's chairman, John Cornyn, offered only curt congratulations. Less than a day later, the GOP Senate establishment reversed itself. Cornyn issued a lengthy statement of support. A $42,000 contribution followed. And the GOP's most establishment of presidential hopefuls, Mitt Romney, quickly endorsed O'Donnell. Romney also contributed $5,000 to her campaign. No GOP candidate in 2012 wants to be seen on the other side of the tea party movement. The netroots similarly influenced major Democratic candidates during the last presidential contest. But it remains a far stretch to argue the people, or even the activists, have supplanted the powerful. The establishment no longer reigns, but it remains an influential force. Many tea party movement candidates will rely on the conventional Republican apparatus for assistance in fundraising, organization and strategy in the general election. Some of the tea parties favorite sons and daughters are not outsiders. Florida Senate candidate Marco Rubio was a former speaker of the state's House. Palin is, after all, a former GOP vice presidential nominee. The so-called mother's milk of politics-money--illustrates how influence is still top heavy in other respects. Obama's campaign raised a record $745 million. By its calculation, a half a billion dollars of that sum came via the Internet. But only about a quarter of Obama's fundraising came from people who contributed less than $200, the same share as George W. Bush


continued from page 11

disaster management strategies. Pearson said that the data can also help delegations prepare for the Nov. 29-Dec. 10 Climate Change Conference in Cancun, Mexico, where Caribbean and other small island developing states will be seeking financial aid to carry out mitigation and adaption plans. ”The current economic climate is one in which Caribbean governments already find themselves facing serious constraints with little fiscal space for climate adaptation financing,” Pearson told IPS. ”Given these limited resources, countries will need to be especially proactive in sourcing financing for adaptation at the regional and international level, and also within both the public and private sectors.” Edwin Carrington, the secretary gen-


continued from 14

for a full refund. ”Delivering anything less than the highest quality formula ... is unacceptable to is,” Morrison said. ”We will do whatever is necessary to maintain the trust of parents.” That includes setting up new online and telephone access for parents to find out which lots were recalled. Phone lines jammed Thursday and scores of parents who use Similac products complained on a Similac Facebook page about not being able to reach the company or its website.

four years earlier, according to the nonpartisan Campaign Finance Institute. Donors who contributed at least $1,000 filled nearly half of Obama's coffer. And the five companies whose employees donated the most to Obama were respectively: University of California, Goldman Sachs, Harvard University, Microsoft Corp and Google Inc. Not exactly anti-elitist bodies. But, on the shoulders of Howard Dean before him, it was online fundraising that allowed Obama to so quickly channel the surge in enthusiasm into megabucks. This is how Obama's fundraising operation so quickly competed with, and eventually overtook, the far more conventionally connected Clinton campaign. In time, the last phalanx of the political establishment, super delegates, fell in line with voters. Technology was the tipping point. The Internet does not mean the people feed politics. But fundraising is now no longer the province of big money alone. Campaign communication can now be sent online for free. Digital cameras, YouTube, have made producing advertising cheap. And like all advertising, political marketing is increasingly micro-targeted online. Minority ideological coalitions can also rapidly unite and influence the party through websocial networking (see MoveOn or Tea Party Express). ”We are moving from the top down industrial age to the bottom up communications age. Facebook is growing and The New York Times is dying. A few smart people in a room can run anything,” Castellanos said. ”Ron Paul and the Internet is a political party. There will be political parties, but right now anyone with a computer is a political party.”


continued from page 24

the visit of Group F rivals Marseille could hardly have come at a worse time. Aside from suffering their first reverse of the season at Manchester City at the weekend, the Blues have Frank Lampard, Salomon Kalou and Yossi Benayoun out injured and Didier Drogba suspended. A draw at Stamford Bridge would no doubt suit Spartak Moscow, who are at home to Zilina and will fancy their chances after opening up with a 1-0 win at Marseille. Real Madrid have lost four of their last five encounters against French sides and face another Gallic test when they travel to Auxerre in Group G, arguably the tightest pool of the lot. Meanwhile, Ajax play host to AC Milan in a mouth-watering meeting in Amsterdam that marks the return of Zlatan Ibrahimovic to one of his old stamping grounds. With Massimo Ambrosini and Alexandre Pato both injured, the Italians will be looking to the in-form Swede for inspiration. Their momentum checked by a 3-2 home loss to West Bromwich Albion, Arsenal have their sights set on qualifying from Group H as quickly as possible. The Gunners opened up with a six-goal salvo against Braga but can expect a stiffer test at Partizan Belgrade, who are unbeaten at home in European competitions since November 2009. After their baptism of fire at the Emirates, the Portuguese entertain Shakhtar Donetsk in a match they cannot afford to lose. The four contenders in Group A are tied


on a point apiece, which means Tottenham and Inter have little room for error at home to Twente and Werder Bremen respectively. The Dutch side tuned up for their trip to White Hart Lane with a 2-2 draw with Ajax, while Werder edged out Hamburg in a five-goal thriller. One place off the bottom in the Bundesliga and beaten at Lyon on matchday one, Schalke 04 will be anxious to make amends when they receive a visit from Benfica in Group B. Currently occupying the relegation zone in Ligue 1, the Frenchmen will go in search of a confidence-boosting three points when they visit Hapoel Tel Aviv. While Valencia and Manchester United lock horns at the Mestalla, Group C opponents Rangers will hope to make hay at home to Turkish new boys Bursaspor. Finally, in Group D Barcelona make the long journey to Rubin Kazan with the objective of avenging a wholly unexpected home defeat to the Russians in last season’s competition. The Catalans, still without Lionel Messi, kicked off with a 5-1 defeat of Panathinaikos, who have an opportunity to get some points on the board at home to Copenhagen. Player to watch Real Madrid’s Cristiano Ronaldo has not been hitting the back of the net with his usual frequency so far this season, having scored just once from 41 goal attempts. His team-mates have not been faring much better: Los Blancos have converted only six of the 105 efforts they have had on goal. The story was first published in

eral of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) grouping, calls CCRIF's research ”of immense value to Caribbean policymakers and the business sector in their efforts to develop and implement sound adaptation strategies and plans”. He noted that the ”unequivocal” warming of the global climate reported by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has already affected the Caribbean, with temperatures increasing by about one degree C. during the last century and seas rising two to three millimetres per year since 1980. CARICOM countries ”need lasting adaptation strategies that can help to provide security for the livelihood for our citizens and protection against an ever changing climate”, Carrington stressed last month. Under the accord reached in Copenhagen last December, rich countries promised $30 billion in ”fast start” financing – money to assist developing nations to cope with climate change that was supposed to be made

rapidly available. Research by Project Catalyst of the ClimateWorks Foundation and the European Climate Foundation suggests that the demand for money to support mitigation, adaptation and reduced degradation of forests in the developing world will be $21-54 billion over the next three years. An additional $100-190 billion in private sector investment will have to be found each year. While competition for these funds is high, the CCRIF report says risk mitigation initiatives have the potential to cost- effectively avert up to 90 percent of the expected losses in 2030, even under a severe climate change scenario. ”I have always called this short-term financing the golden key to Cancun,” Christiana Figueres, head of the U.N. Climate Change Secretariat, told a news conference earlier this month to launch, a website that tracks climate

change funding commitments from industrialised countries. ”It is particularly urgent and important to have clarity about the source, the allocation and the disbursement of the short-term funds,” she said. The research by CCRIF, Pearson told IPS, can assist countries in not only understanding the risks they face and how to adapt to these risks, but also making a case in Cancun and other ongoing discussions with the wider international community on financing adaptation. He added that besides insurance pools, there have been developments aimed at making insurance instruments available at the sectoral level such as India's National Agricultural Insurance Scheme, which covers more than 20 million farmers, and the Weather-based Crop Insurance Scheme, covering more than 600,000 farmers, which protect against poor harvests caused by drought or frost.

”There's just a super high volume of consumers trying to get on the website at same time,” Morrison said. Sheri Weber of Grafton, W. Va., was among frustrated mothers who had trouble logging on to the initial website. Her 8-month-old son drank two cans of formula from one of the affected lots before she found out about the recall Wednesday night. ”He had an upset tummy last week and I don't know if it was gas or this issue,” said Weber, 22. ”If it can cause issues with your baby, that's an amazing matter,” she said. ”That can keep a mother up all night.” Weber said she's switching to Similac liquid formula. But after a rash of recent

recalls, from eggs to baby Tylenol she used to give her son, she said she's starting to think no products are safe. Many hospitals use powdered Similac in newborn nurseries for mothers who don't breast-feed, including Harvard's Brigham and Women's, where affected containers were removed Wednesday night. ”The good news is that most likely this won't cause any harm to anybody, even if there was contamination,” said Dr. Robert Insoft, director of that hospital's newborn intensive care unit. Parents concerned if their children show digestive symptoms after drinking affected formula should contact their doctors, he

said. Abbott was consulting with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, which is investigating. In addition to formula, the Michigan production site, 140 miles east of Chicago, processes condensed skim milk, according to the state Department of Agriculture, which said it found no problems during the last inspection in July. The plant has received good marks the last few years, according to documents released under the Freedom of Information Act. The inspections cover ”product lines, equipment and the structural integrity of the building itself,” the department said.


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