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Us Expects Tough Road En Route To Worlds In Turkey NEW YORK – LeBron James and his teammates boasted of bringing an "us against the world" mentality to the Olympics two years ago. It wasn't necessary. Where they were going, people cheered U.S. players. That was in China, playing before fans who adored the NBA superstars that led the Americans to the gold medal. The crowds were just as accommodating in 2006 in Japan. "In Asia, those two summers, the world championships and the Olympics, we were greeted warmly," U.S. coach Mike Krzyzewski said. "There wasn't any hostility. Outside of the Chinese teams, we were probably the most favored team." The lesser-known American players who make up the roster for this year's world championships know things will be a lot harder. So the boos might be coming back — and maybe the losses, too. "It's going to be different," guard Derrick Rose said. "They're calling us the 'B team,' so we know that there's going to be a lot of stuff going on. But we've got to withstand it and go out there and play anyway." The Americans left Monday for Madrid, a day after beating France 86-55 in their lone home exhibition game. They will play three quality opponents before they arrive in Turkey for the world championships that begin Aug. 28. Stephen Curry played on the under-19 U.S. team that won a silver medal in Serbia in 2007, making him one of the few on this roster with experience playing in front of "hostile" European crowds. "They were pretty much 100 percent against us every time we played," he said. "That was a different experience going over there."

The tour wraps up against Greece in Athens, where there was little love for the U.S. players during the 2004 Olympics. Lamar Odom, who has a bronze medal from those games, argues that the venom directed toward the Americans was due to "different times" in the world. Some of the obstacles of playing in Europe remain for his much-younger teammates. "That's something that we have to be accustomed to. A lot of these guys that are superstars that are used to getting calls, it won't be like that when we get over there," Odom said. "It'll be a good experience. They'll have to grow up really fast." The Americans will face Lithuania and Spain in Madrid, the latter a rematch of the champi- The 1992 U.S. onship game in Beijing. None of the gold medalists is playing this summer, which will hurt the U.S. team as much in the stands as on the court. Kobe Bryant is the league's most popular player around the world, with players such as James, Dwyane Wade and Dwight Howard not far behind. Even in a road game, they would have heard some cheers. "Remember the '92 Dream Team, they were treated pretty well in Spain. I think

Olympic Basketball Team

Kobe and LeBron and Dwyane Wade, those guys, they get treated pretty well wherever they go," said assistant Mike D'Antoni, who's skipping the trip to rest an ailing back before the NBA season. "Now you send some guys without that status, although they're very good players, might be a little bit more hostile." USA Basketball chairman Jerry Colangelo agreed to the beefed-up exhibition schedule without regard to whether he'd have his superstars.

"When the possibility of games came up, in the past we might have said we'd rather not play against one team or another team until tournament time," he said. "This time around, I said let's play, let's play them, because all it can do is help us get ready." Though Pau Gasol is resting this summer, Spain returns many other players from its 2006 world championship team. Greece, which beat the Americans in the semifinals of that tournament, also is a veteran group. That raises the possibility the Americans could have at least one loss by the time they reach Istanbul. Along the way, they'll be learning about more than foreign players. "The people officiating the game can sometimes get nervous, get into what the crowd is doing because they're human beings," Krzyzewski said. "How do you adjust to that?" Krzyzewski always plays a difficult nonconference schedule at Duke. He thinks the tour would have benefited the Americans no matter who was suiting up, but particularly with the roster in place. "You need to find even more things with a younger group," he said. "That doesn't mean you find out negative. You could find out 'Holy mackerel, these guys love it.' I'm really looking for that."

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Revealing a Forgotten History in Haiti Port-au-Prince—For many people around the world, the earthquake that struck Haiti last January was a catalyst that spurred donations and an interest in learning more about the world’s “first black republic.” But for California couple Bill and Harrier Mohr, news of the earthquake stirred up more unusual feelings.

page 3 Haiti Quake Was Caused By Previously Undetected Fault The devastating earthquake that rocked Haiti in January was unleashed by a previously undetected fault line — not the wellknown one scientists initially blamed, according to an analysis of new data.

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Report: Litany of Problems Block Meaningful Recovery PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — A U.S.-based think tank is painting a grim picture of the earthquake recovery effort in Haiti, adding its voice to widespread accusations of ineffectual local leadership.

page 5 Haitians in DR Reap Far Less than they Sow BONAO, Monseñor Province, Dominican Republic (IPS/GIN) - Luis Miguel, a soft-spoken and serious 21-year-old from Haiti's Artibonnite Valley, stands on a ridge overlooking the small farm in the Dominican Cibao where he works as the owner's overseer. He adopted his Dominican moniker in order to fit in.

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Photo by Alice Speri

Fabienne Jean Valdemar, a child protection officer with the Haitian National Police's Brigades for the Protection of Minors, stops a child crossing the border in the northern town of Ouanaminthe. Since January, the Brigades have stopped 3,000 children on the border with the Dominican Republic, in an attempt to prevent trafficking.

Fighting Children Trafficking One Child At A Time By Alice Speri Special to The Haitian Times OUANAMINTHE, Haiti – On market days, Clarine Joanice sits on a plastic chair by the crowded bridge that marks the northern border between Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Every time a child walks by, she gently grabs its arm and asks the accompanying adults for travel papers. Joanice, 27, is a child protection officer with the Heartland Alliance, a small human rights organization that has taken on the daunting task of monitoring the passage of minors through Haiti’s loose four border crossings with its neighboring country. Since January, Joanice and her colleagues have stopped 74 children they suspected of being trafficked out of Haiti, and have referred their cases to the Haitian National Police. “We stop everyone, public cars, private cars, trucks, children on foot,” explained Joanice on a busy Monday morning, while thousands of vendors and shoppers carrying merchandise crossed the dusty bridge in and out the Dominican town of Dajabon. Over 100 children cross this border every week, but the number is at least double during the current summer vacation. Southern

crossings closer to the capital are even more jammed, and controls are porous. Before the earthquake, an estimated 2,000 minors were trafficked to the Dominican Republic annually. Since January, an interagency group devoted to the protection of

“We’ve had traffickers provide birth certificates for the children and then pulled the children aside and they gave us completely different names.” minors has registered 3,356 children separated from their families, while more than 6,000 others have been moved out of the country, according to UNICEF. But despite international polemics after a group of US missionaries attempted to

illegally take 33 Haitian children into the Dominican Republic in the chaotic aftermath of the earthquake, Haiti still lacks legislation against the trafficking of minors. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) and UNICEF, among others, have provided technical assistance to the government in drafting such a law, but the proposal is still under revision. “This lack of legal framework seriously hinders our work pursuing traffickers,” said Renel Costume, the Haitian Police commissioner in charge of the BPM told AFP. The Heartland Alliance’s border control initiative, now carried out in cooperation with MINUSTAH and more recently, the Minor Protection Brigades (CPM) a special section of the Haitian National Police founded in 2003 in cooperation with UNICEF, is inevitably limited but it is often the only form of child protection on the country’s borders. “It’s a mess, the border is totally open,” Ben-Achour, said. “It’s very easy to traffic children.” see TRAFFICKING on page 12


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La Minustah applaudit la PNH pour le succès de ses opérations anti-kidnapping Dans un communiqué, rendu public, La Mission des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en Haïti (MINUSTAH) à félicité la Police Nationale d'Haïti (PNH) pour les opérations menées dans la commune de Croix-des-Bouquets les 13 et 15 août derniers. « C'est un message clair que lance la PNH dans la lutte contre la criminalité sous toutes ses formes et particulièrement contre le kidnapping qui fait partie des actes criminels les plus lâches et les plus abjects », a indiqué Jean-François Vezina, porte-parole de la Police Internationale des Nations Unies (UNPOL). Le résultat remarquable de ces opérations démontre l'amélioration continuelle de la capacité opérationnelle de la PNH au cours de ces dernières années. « C'est une satisfaction de voir combien nos collègues policiers haïtiens deviennent de jour en jour plus efficaces. Le travail d'appui technique à la PNH effectué au quotidien par l'UNPOL porte ses fruits et j'invite la population à continuer de dénoncer les actes criminels en appelant le 113 », a ajouté Vezina. La UNPOL continuera d'assister la Direction Centrale de la Police Judiciaire (DCPJ) et les différents services de la PNH dans le cadre de son mandat d'appui au renforcement des capacités de l'institution policière au service de la population.

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Rappelons que la Cellule contre enlèvement de la Police Nationale d'Haïti a mené avec succès deux opérations dans la commune de Croix-des-Bouquets qui ont permis la libération de trois personnes et l'arrestation de cinq individus suspectés de complicité dans ces enlèvements. L'un des suspects arrêtés était également activement recherché depuis son évasion du Pénitencier national le 12 janvier dernier. Des journalistes haïtiens veulent s'impliquer dans la gestion des risques et des désastres L'association des journalistes haïtiens (AJH), entame à travers le pays une série d'activités de formation à l'intention des travailleurs de la presse. L'objectif de cette démarche est de porter les travailleurs de la presse à s'impliquer d'avantage dans la gestion des risques et des désastres, à l'occasion de la saison cyclonique qui s'annonce très active, cette année. Le responsable de l'AJH Jacques Desrosiers qui était le week -end dernier a Saint Marc dans le cadre d'une séance de travail avec des journalistes, a indiqué que d'autres villes du pays seront touchées sous peu par ce programme de formation. Parallèlement, l'Alliance pour la Gestion des risques et la Continuité des Actions Agerca), avait animé une séance de formation similaire à l'intention d'un groupe de jeunes dans la ville Jacmel dans le Sud-est. Une initiative de Radio Télé Jacmel Inter. Animée par Madame Marie Louise Russo plus d'une cinquantaine de jeunes

membres du groupe Vadefa (vacances défis et aventures) ont pu bénéficier, d'une journée formation, sur les plans de contingence et la gestion des risques et des désastres. Kay Fanm se désolidarise de la conseillère Ginette Cherubin La conseillère électorale Ginette Cherubin vient de perdre un appui important celui de l'organisation Kay Fanm, qui avait participé au processus de sa désignation. La coordonnatrice générale de Kay Fanm, Yolette André Jeanty informe qu'un support de son organisation à Mme Cherubin équivaudrait à un appui au Conseil Electoral Provisoire (CEP) décrié. Les dirigeantes de cette organisation féministe sont préoccupées par le conflit entre les acteurs politiques, le gouvernement et le CEP autour du processus électoral. Mme Jeanty s'interroge sur la volonté politique d'établir des standards électoraux et des mécanismes garantissant leur respect. Kay Fanm apporte son appui aux revendications de l'opposition qui dénonce le contrôle la machine électorale par le gouvernement. Attirant l'attention sur la volonté manifeste des acteurs politiques et sociaux de rejeter le processus électoral, Mme Jeanty émet des doutes sur le succès du processus électoral. La coordonnatrice de Kay Fanm croit que le processus enclenché n'apportera aucune solution aux problèmes de la nation. Dans le même temps, les responsables de l'organisation féministe soutiennent que les problèmes liés à l'identification de la population sont de nature à empêcher la validité des listes électorales. es victimes du séisme passent le bacc Les élèves des régions affectées par le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier ont rendez vous ce lundi pour subir les épreuves du baccalauréat, première partie. Dans un communiqué de presse, les responsables du ministère de l'éducation Nationale et de la Formation professionnelle, ont indiqué que plus de 60 mille candidats prendront part à ces examens qui, dureront deux jours. Ils sont repartis comme suit : 65956 pour le département de l'Ouest ,2158 pour le Sud-est et 793 pour les Nippes, conclut le

communiqué émanant du ministère. Les activités scolaires avaient été interrompues brusquement dans plusieurs départements géographiques suite au séisme 12 janvier. Le Ministère de l'Education Nationale, avait élaboré un nouveau calendrier scolaire prévoyant, la fermeture des classes à la fin de ce mois d'août Des intellectuels français sont favorables au remboursement de la dette de l'indépendance Plusieurs intellectuels et responsables politiques français ont appelé le gouvernement de Sarkozy à rembourser à Haïti 17 milliards d'euros, une estimation des sommes qui furent exigées par Paris en échange de la reconnaissance l'indépendance. Parmi les signataires de la lettre ouverte au chef de l'Etat on note le linguiste américain Noam Chomsky, le philosophe français Etienne Balibar, ou les eurodéputés français Daniel Cohn-Bendit et Eva Joly. Les signataires de cette pétition se présentent comme un ”groupe de soutien au comité pour le remboursement immédiat des milliards envolés” d'Haïti (Crime). ”Considérant les besoins financiers criants de ce pays dévasté par le terrible séisme du 12 janvier, nous vous pressons donc, monsieur le président, de restituer à Haïti, la première république noire de l'histoire, la dette historique de son indépendance”, indiquent les signataires de la requête publiée dans le journal Libération. Ils rappellent qu'après l'indépendance d'Haïti, le roi Charles X (1824-1830) imposa aux Haïtiens de payer à la France 90 millions de francs or, sous la menace d'une invasion militaire et d'une restauration de l'esclavage. Cette ”dette de l'indépendance” est aujourd'hui estimée à ”bien plus” que 17 milliards d'euros, selon eux. Les intellectuels et personnalités politiques font valoir que cette ”indemnité a fait ployer des générations d'Haïtiens sous le poids d'une dette illégitime, dette que la nation haïtienne n'a fini de payer qu'en 1947”. Ce comité avait le 14 juillet dernier suscité un tollé en mettant en ligne un faux site du ministère français des affaires étrangères dans lequel était annoncé un remboursement de la dette.

Wyclef says he will Work on Dual Citizenships if he's elected PORT-AU-PRINCE Hip hop artist and presidential hopeful Wyclef Jean said Saturday that as leader he would work to change Haiti's constitution to allow dual citizenship and give many Haitians living abroad the right to vote. The issue is central in Haiti where hundreds of thousands have fled poverty and the money they send home from abroad is the earthquake-ravaged Caribbean nation's main money earner and vital to its economic survival. Currently, Haitians who emigrate must renounce their Haitian citizenship if they become citizens of another country, making them unable to vote or run for

office in their homeland. Jean himself left Haiti for New York City when he was nine, but never sought U.S. citizenship. The former Fugees frontman told The Associated Press that his presidency would de a ”bridge” between the Haitians abroad and those living in the country. ”The future is dual citizenship,” he said, adding that many countries, including the neighbouring Dominican Republic, allow citizens to hold two passports. Haitians abroad ”should have the right to vote in their country,” especially since they send billions in remittances to family members. ”If they are the ones who keep this country alive, they should

have some kind of say on what kind of government structure there is,” the 40-year-old singer said. Jean arrived in Haiti after giving a concert in Belgium. He said it might be one of his last performances for five years if elected. The singer, who appeared relaxed and was wearing a blue Adidas track suit and headphones around his neck, spoke to AP at the main airport in Port-auPrince. He touched on issues of security, former Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide and on what being a celebrity has taught him about politics. ”Celebrity has taught me that politics is politricks,” he said.

”The fact that I'm coming with this with fresh eyes but not naive ears, I think that's a good start.” But he spent most of the interview discussing the Haitian Diaspora, concentrated mainly in Miami, New York, Paris and Montreal. People in Haiti have long relied on family and friends abroad to make ends meet. Remittances are the main source of income in the country of more than 9 million people, 70 per cent of whom are unemployed and 90 per cent of whom live in poverty. According to a survey for the Inter-American Development Bank, 33 per cent of Haitians see WYCLEF on page 3


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Revealing a Forgotten History in Haiti “We called a few people on different campuses who should have known and Port-au-Prince—For many people they said they didn’t know what we were around the world, the earthquake that talking about,” said Harriet Mohr. “We struck Haiti last January was a catalyst that were always getting the same response: spurred donations and an interest in learn- ‘Jews, Haiti, Shoah—we don’t know what ing more about the world’s “first black you’re talking about.’” According to historians, Haiti had origirepublic.” But for California couple Bill and Harrier Mohr, news of the earthquake nally offered to allow as many as 50,000 Jews to take refuge within its borders after stirred up more unusual feelings. “We were watching the television and the 1938 Evian Conference. Historian Dr. Michael Smith, a senior we saw an Israeli medical team setting up in Haiti.,” Harriet Mohr recalled. “We lecturer at the University of the West Indies looked at each other and said, ‘Isn’t it in Mona, Jamaica, says pressure from the amazing, Haiti was there for the Jews in U.S. likely forced the Haitian government 1930s and 40s to save them from the con- to scrap that idea. The Haitian president at centration camps and now the Israelis are the time, Elie Lescot, was heavily dependent on U.S. support. But even Dr. Smith, arriving to save the lives of the Haitians. “There seemed to be an incredible com- an expert in 20th century Haitian history, says he isn’t aware of much research about pleting of the circle.” The Mohrs had more than just a passing Jews in Haiti during the war. The Mohrs have set out to make sure interest in the history of Jews in Haiti: Bill and his family arrived in Port-au-Prince this aspect of Haitian and Jewish history in 1939, refugees from the Holocaust in isn’t forgotten, especially in a time of such Germany. The family stayed for just 10 need for Haiti. They’ve set up a blog, the Haiti Holomonths, until they acquired U.S. immigration papers, but the Mohrs are sure that caust Survivors project, to collect histoBill was saved by the generosity of the ries and stories from people around the Haitian government, which let them into world. They’ve already collected several personal histories of the country when Jews who lived in or many others around the world had closed “We began to be talk- were helped by Haiti. The United States their doors. “The Haiti earth- ing about Jews in Haiti—it Holocaust Memorial Museum, in Washquake cast a spotall of a sudden had new ington D.C., has also light on Haiti,” said helped with some of Harriet Mohr. “So meaning.” the research, and has we began to be talkfound information ing about Jews in about at least two Haiti—it all of a Holocaust survivors who passed through sudden had new meaning.” There has been a Jewish presence in Haiti. “The main way that we helped is that Haiti since colonial times, beginning with a few Jewish members of Christopher we have a survivors’ registry, which is Columbus’ crew, and continuing to the a voluntary registry, and we facilitated present-day—a handful of Jewish fami- contact with a few survivors who were in lies still live in Haiti, many of whom are Haiti,” said Steven Vitto, a researcher at the museum who helped the Mohrs with prominent business owners. This past spring, a Haitian medical stu- their research. Vitto said he had come across references dent, Joseph Bernard, Jr., who has Jewish ancestors, published a history of Jews and to survivors in Haiti during his research Arabs in Haiti (“Histoire des colonies previously, on a limited scale. According to Vitto and the Mohrs, some arabe et juive d’Haïti,” 2010). Bernard’s book touched briefly on the Jewish pres- Holocaust refugees also escaped from Europe by being issued Haitian passports ence during World War II. But when the Mohrs began looking even when their owners had never been more deeply into the history of Jews in to Haiti or planned to go. The passports Haiti during the war period, they were sur- facilitated their passage to other countries prised at the lack of information available. during the war years.

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receive cash from abroad and nearly 75 per cent of the money is spent on food, housing, utilities and clothing. Food and other gifts are also sent. The average remittance in Haiti is about $150 and those who receive them typically get about 10 transfers a year, for an average total of $1,500, the IDB survey shows. A Haitian's per-capita income in 2008 was about $1,300, according to the CIA World Factbook. Jean noted that over a five-year period, the remittances total almost the same amount that has been so far pledged by donors to help reconstruct Haiti. ”To save the country, it's not just going

to take aid,” he said. ”It's going to take investment. That's the message.” To be sure, Jean himself has a big hurdle to clear before he actually campaigns for office. During the interview with the AP, Jean also said that he will govern in Creole and that he is going to hire a French tutor. Politicians in Haiti traditionally speak mainly Creole and French — the latter for many things being the language of government in Haiti. Jean's American-accented Creole and lack of French are constant reminders he did not grow up here. When asked whether he would allow Aristide — who won elections in 1990 and 2000 only to be ousted twice first by a coup and then a rebellion — back into the country, Jean was circumspect. ”I look forward to the return of every-

Above: pages from Auguste Mohr's passport, showing the ”J” for ”Jew” and a stamp from Haitian immigration (Auguste Mohr was Bill's mother); Right: Bill and his sister Ruth in Port-au-Prince in 1939

“There’s an oral history project run by the Visual History Foundation, run by Steven Spielberg,” said Vitto. “They have two people who were issued those [Haitian] passports.” A key turning point in the Mohrs’ research came a few months ago when they began talking to the Joint Relief Distribution Committee, a Jewish organization that helped refugees around the world during World War II. The Committee had records that showed it sent aid to between 100 and 300 Jews in Haiti during the war era. “They estimate between one and three hundred,” said Harriet Mohr. “The numbers were always changing, because people were waiting for their number to be called by the United States and we’re not sure if they went to other places” such as other Latin American countries. “Not everybody left,” Bill Mohr added. At least two families that the Mohrs know of stayed for a few decades after coming during World War II. After just a few months of research and spreading the word, the Mohrs have already caught the attention of some pro-

one,” he said. He also addressed Haiti's notorious corruption by saying that he wants to pay people a minimum wage and pay public servants on time. ”I will exercise my right as commander in chief to fight all forms of corruption,” he said. And he admitted that he is going to have to find new lyrics to one of his popular songs, ”If I Was President,” where he sings that he will ”get elected on Friday, assassinated on Saturday, and buried on Sunday.” ”I think in Haiti you have to care about your security,” he said, just before climbing into an armoured SUV. ”That song for me was a tounge-in-cheek situation. In the next two months, I'm going to make sure I remix this song.”

fessors at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, which this fall plans to inaugurate a new research center, the Center for Holocaust, Genocide and Memory Studies. Professors there, too, are eager to learn more about an almost-forgotten angle of Holocaust history. The new Center will host an exhibit of the Mohrs’ findings so far—an event the couple hopes will inspire even more Jews who received aid from Haiti, or their descendants, to come forward. They also hope it will keep Haiti on the minds of people around the world as the country struggles to get back on its feet. At least one Haitian-American leader has also taken note. Rodneyse Bichotte is a candidate for district leader in the 42nd Assembly district in Brooklyn, a heavily Haitian area that also has a significant Jewish population. Bichotte wants to use the story of Haitians and Jews helping each other to build more bridges in the local community. “These are communities that for whatever reason see themselves as very separate,” said Boris Noble, a volunteer with Bichotte’s campaign. “This way, they can see they also have a history together.” Building bridges and rekindling memories of Jews and Haitians alike is exactly the goal the Mohrs have been working to achieve, starting with Bill’s family but continually expanding.


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Immigration System A Broken Behemoth, Groups Say WASHINGTON (IPS/GIN) - One year half of all federal criminal filings. people are treated humanely,” according after the administration of U.S. President The GDP paper also highlights a string to Flynn. Flynn says that while the administration Barack Obama announced that it intended of recently passed laws at the state and to overhaul the country's heavily criticised local levels, including Arizona's ”Support has taken some important steps to reform immigration detention practices and cre- Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighbor- detention practices, much remains to be ate a ”truly civil detention system”, a new hoods Act”, which if implemented would done. academic paper bolsters claims by human require officials to significantly bolster For instance, the paper points out that rights groups that real reform is still a long detention capacities to handle the large while the administration has followed way off. numbers of people who would be detained. through on its promise to restrict the detenThe paper, titled ”Immigration DetenWhile a federal judge recently blocked tion of children by ending this practice tion and the Law: U.S. Policy and Legal key parts of the Arizona law, the paper at the controversial privately-run Hutto Framework” and published by the Global points to other recently passed laws - in detention centre in Texas, children are still Detention Project (GDP) based at the Massachusetts and New York - that crack detained at the Berks detention facility in Graduate Institute of International and down on undocumented immigrants ability Leesport, Pennsylvania. Development Studies in Geneva, The GDP paper backs up complaints points to a number of recent legal by human rights groups that although “We are disappointed that many Obama has achieved some things, developments that could have enduris a long way to go. ing implications for efforts to reform detained asylum seekers and there detention practices. ”Despite steps in the right direction A key finding of the paper is that other immigrants in custody have during the past year, we are disapthere has been an upsurge in efforts at pointed that many detained asylum the national, state, and local levels to seekers and other immigrants in cusseen little change.” criminalize violations of immigration tody have seen little change,” states a press release from Human Rights First law, which could result in burgeoning detainee populations. marking the one-year anniversary of ”The United States has been steadi- to work and find housing, making them the administration's reform announcement. ly criminalizing immigration violations, increasingly vulnerable to immigration ”Refugees seeking asylum in the United while increasing the severity of penalties enforcement. States should not be held in jails or jail-like for non-citizens who violate immigration ”The issue of immigration is yet another facilities while their claims for protection intractable problem the Obama administra- the U.S. are adjudicated.” laws,” according to the paper. The paper points to studies, like one tion inherited but which it must do someSimilarly, the American Civil Liberties by Syracuse University's Transactional thing about,” says Michael Flynn, lead Union released a study last Friday which Records Access Clearinghouse, showing researcher of the Global Detention Project. argues that while ”Immigration and Cus”Because of the policies of his predeces- toms Enforcement (ICE) has made some that since 2004, federal criminal prosecutions have jumped more than 40 percent, sors, the country's detention system has progress under the guidance of its newlydriven largely by increases in immigration grown exorbitantly in recent years, and established Office for Detention Policy prosecutions, which now make up nearly without the oversight needed to ensure and Planning, major improvements in four

vital detention areas - mental disability, health care, sexual abuse, and mandatory and prolonged detention - need to be undertaken.” The GDP's Flynn says that part of the problem is its size. ”There is this tremendously huge detention infrastructure in the United States, which surpasses the entire European Union in terms of the number of people detained and the number of facilities in use,” he says. By 2007 the U.S. detention infrastructure peaked at just over 950 sites, according to data attained by the GDP through a Freedom of Information request, including dedicated immigration detention centres, privately run prisons, local jails, juvenile detention facilities, and federal prisons. During the period 2007-2009, the United States used more than 350 of these facilities, which confined up to nearly 400,000 detained immigrants and asylum seekers yearly. Since Obama took office, authorities have worked to cut back on the use of prisons, and by the end of 2009 the number of facilities contracted by the government had decreased to less than 300, according to recent data the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) provided the GDP. Fewer detention facilities, however, does not mean fewer detainees or improved detention conditions. In the mid1990s, the United States could hold some see IMMIGRATION on page 23

Backlog Of Immigration Cases Reaches New Height Under Obama The United States has again broken its previous record for the number of immigration cases waiting to be resolved by a federal court judge. There were nearly 248,000 cases pending by the middle of June this year, a whopping 33 percent higher than where the figure stood at the end of fiscal year 2008. The latest numbers come courtesy of researchers at Syracuse University’s Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, which specializes in federal law enforcement statistics. TRAC also found that the average length of time it’s taken to conclude immigration cases during 2010 reached 459 days, a number higher than any year since at least 1998. By state, California remains the leader in average wait times with more than 640 days. One hearing location in San Diego posted an extraordinary average wait time of nearly 1,300 days, or to put it another way, more than three years. Experts attribute the enormous backlog of immigration cases to a list of possible factors. First, the number of judges available to hear immigration cases is declining, and as of March, one out of every six such positions was unfilled. Just five immigration judges have been sworn in since that time. “[The federal government] still has a very long way to go to fill existing judge vacancies,” according to TRAC. Second, immigration enforcement in one region of the country over another may be changing, which could lead to a greater number of cases that judges are suddenly required to contend with. New proceedings have actually gone down somewhat during the 2010 fiscal year nationwide.

But new matters that required attention from an immigration court reached alltime highs in 2009. Individual courts in Texas, Nevada, Illinois and Arizona, meanwhile, saw the number of pending cases accumulate rapidly during the first none months of this year, from 37 percent in Phoenix to as high as 67 percent in Harlingen, Texas. Illustrating the amount of pressure faced by politicians in Washington on the issue of illegal immigration, a bill pumping $600 million into increased border security easily passed both the House and Senate last week before Obama signed it Aug. 13. The White House first requested more money for border security from Congress earlier this summer when Obama committed to sending 1,200 National Guard troops to the southwest following complaints by high-profile elected officials that the federal government wasn’t doing enough there. The money will also be used to build new Border Patrol stations and acquire unmanned surveillance aircraft. But as we’ve noted before, hiring personnel to fight drug traffickers and illegal border crossers costs taxpayers a fortune. After factoring in background checks, fitness evaluations, night-vision goggles, uniforms, mobile radios and more, Customs and Border Protection estimated last year that the cost of each new hire is about $160,000. If correct, that would put the price tag of taking on 1,000 new borderpatrol agents at $160 million. Under former President Bush, the number of law-enforcement officers carrying out patrol activities on the border grew

President Barack Obama talks with former President Bill Clinton and Senior Advisor Valerie Jarrett in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, July 14, 2010.

to nearly 19,000 nationally by April 2009 from about 12,000 just a few years before. Bush also sought to dramatically scale back the federal government’s policy of releasing people charged with immigration violations until a court hearing could be held. That led to a jump in the expense needed to keep them in detention. The Department of Homeland Security has also already spent $800 million on the troubled SBInet program, an attempt to line the nation’s border with surveillance devices capable of alerting authorities to the presence of border crossers. But SBI-

net has so far failed to meet expectations and is under review. Senior homeland security officials will face the added difficulty of finding reliable border agents as they embark on a new recruitment drive. The department’s watchdog inspector general had 230 corruption cases under its purview last year, in part because drug traffickers have succeeded at bribing some border agents. The FBI had more than 110 border-related cases during that time. Customs and Border Protection has added over 200 internal affairs agents since 2006.


THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

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Haiti Quake Was Caused By Previously Undetected Fault Line, Not Suspected Culprit The devastating earthquake that rocked Haiti in January was unleashed by a previously undetected fault line — not the well-known one scientists initially blamed, according to an analysis of new data. It's unclear how dangerous the new, unmapped fault might be or how its discovery changes the overall earthquake hazard risk for Haiti, said Eric Calais, a professor of geophysics at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Ind. He said the analysis shows that most, if not all, of the geologic movement that caused January's magnitude-7.0 earthquake occurred along the newly uncovered fault, not the well-documented Enriquillo fault. Calais, who presented the findings this

week at a scientific conference in Brazil, said they suggest Haiti's seismic zone is far more complex than scientists had anticipated. But the new fault's profile, including the possibility that it merges with the Enriquillo fault at some depth, won't be known until scientists intensively study the region. ”If there are other faults capable of producing earthquakes besides the Enriquillo and this new one we need to know about them. We need to go after them,” he said from Brazil by telephone. Calais said that at the time of the quake, Haiti had no seismic stations. Researchers who flocked to the Caribbean nation have since installed about 10 stations to monitor the earth's movement. Ross Stein, a geophysicist with the U.S.

Geological Survey in Menlo Park, Calif., said Calais' findings were fascinating and raise many questions about the complexity of Haiti's faults and what actually occurred during January's quake. But he said the discovery is not surprising, given the many

unknowns about earthquakes. Stein noted that even in California, whose many faults have been closely studied, about half of all moderate or stronger quakes occur on previously unknown faults.

Report: Litany of Problems Block Meaningful Recovery PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti — A U.S.based think tank is painting a grim picture of the earthquake recovery effort in Haiti, adding its voice to widespread accusations of ineffectual local leadership. The RAND Corp. report being released last week ticks off a crushing litany of problems in the Caribbean nation, many predating the Jan. 12 earthquake -- unqualified government workers, general lawlessness, horrific prisons, incapable police, an onerous business climate. But it was the post-earthquake landscape that shocked James Dobbins, a former U.S. special envoy to Haiti and director of the RAND International Security and Defense Policy Center. ”Clearly the scale of the damage was surprising,” he said. ”We're also somewhat surprised at the Haitian and international response. Not the humanitarian response, which was actually dramatically quick. But the second stage -- so little of the rubble has been cleared, and so few of the basic decisions have been made.” Leaders of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee have portrayed Haitian President Rene Preval as an ineffectual leader who has hindered recovery from the quake and urged their

colleagues to reconsider sending money to Haiti if reforms are not made. That Haiti is in disarray comes as no surprise to Jill Marie Michel, a 33-yearold mother of two living in a tent in one of the dozens of sprawling camps for Haitians left homeless by the quake. She joined about 100 people in a public protest Thursday in front of the collapsed presidential palace in Portau-Prince. She and others said the government is failing on its promises to provide housing as private landowners pressure the camp residents to leave. At a large tent camp across the street, naked children bathed in buckets wedged between the gutters and tents. ”I don't know where that change is going to come from,” said Michel, who also cares for an orphaned niece and goddaughter whose families died in the earthquake. The report from the Santa Monica, California-based think tank gives recommendations on what the Haitian government and donor governments and groups should focus on in coming years, identifying key areas such as governance, education, health, security, justice and economic policies. Donors, it says, should focus more

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THE HAITIAN TIMES

EDITORIALS/OPINIONS

August 18 - 24, 2010

People Of Dr Congo Glorify Their Haitian Politicians Crack 50Th Anniversary On The Railways Jokes, As Haiti Suffers. Like several other former Francphone colonies in Africa which regain their autonomy in the 1960s, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is celebrating this month the 50th Anniversary of its independence. It is the third largest country in Africa after Sudan and Algeria and the 12th in the world. With a population of nearly 71 million, it is the 18th most populous nation in the world, and the fourth most populous in Africa, as well as officially the most populous Francophone country. It has been formerly called the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Zaire. Though it is located in the Central African UN subregion, this nation is economically and regionally affiliated with Southern Africa as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Beginning in 1998, the Second Congo War devastated the country, and involved seven foreign armies. this war is sometimes referred to as the ”African World War”, considered the world's deadliest conflict since World War II, killing 5.4 million people. Almost a quarter of a century after the shameful assassination of Patrice Lumumba, the first prime minister of this Congo and the negotiator of its independence from Belgium, the country elected Joseph Kabila as president in 2006. Mr. Kabila was in power since 2001, when he succeeded his father Laurent Kabila assassinated. This historic presidential election was intended to bring a new era of stability after years of war, dictatorship and chaos. Mr. Kabila has enjoyed the clear support of western governments such as the US and France, regional allies such as South Africa and Angola and businessmen and mining magnates who have signed multi-million dollar deals under his rule. A former guerrilla fighter who received military training in China, Joseph Kabila participated in nearly a decade of war that ravaged the country, fighting alongside his father in a military campaign from the east that toppled in 1977 the dictator Mobutu Sese Seko who, for more than 20 years, was the despotic, whimsical and corrupt leader of the nation he had renamed Zaire. The soft-spoken, publicity-shy, Kabila was the world's youngest head of state at his instal-

lation. Although, he swapped his military fatigues for elegant business suits, in contrast to his chubby, jovial and temperamental father, he remained a reserved figure. He has promised to rule by consensus to try to heal the still raw scars of Congo's many conflicts. Although the citizens of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are currently among the poorest in the world, having the second lowest nominal GDP per capita according to the IMF, they are glorifying the 50th Anniversary of their country’s Independence by packing proudly their railways started since 1934 during the Belgian colonization and maintained in operation except between 1998 and 2004 because of the civil war which cause the destruction of 500 km of railway in the provinces of Maniema and Katanga. The Congo Railway Company (CNC) or the Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer du Congo (SNCC) is the national railway company for the inland railways of the DR Congo. A million dollar grant from the United States Agency for International Development's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance is helping to pay for the section's repair. Charities often use the railway to distribute food and other supplies. Despite foreign support, SNCC was again on the brink of collapse in 2010; to prevent this, in June 2010 the World Bank gave a 255 million USD grant. A recent reportage in French TV showed how the Congolese are crowding their railway trains that are the main mean of communication on this vast territory and with travel in the neighboring countries. We learn that “the most important transportation system is the Congo-Ocean Railroad, a 510-km (317-mi) line that runs between Brazzaville on Pool Malebo and the ocean port of Pointe-Noire. In the course of descending the Mayombé Escarpment, it crosses 172 bridges and goes through 12 tunnels. To relieve congestion on this stretch, a 91-km (57-mi) line was completed between Bilinga and Loubomo in 1985. “ And that’s not all. We wonder why small Haiti, after more than 200 years cannot follow-up on Antoine Simon willingness to build a railway from Cayes to Cape-Haitian?

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Under The

Radar

By Max A. Joseph Jr.

The race to succeed René Préval officially began on August 7th when a host of contenders which includes two entertainers, Wyclef Jean and Michel Martelly, and two former prime ministers, Jacques Edouard Alexis and Yvon Neptune, formally deposed their candidacy papers before the Provisional Electoral Council. The class of 2004 that facilitated the United Nations occupation of Haiti was noticeably absent, with the exception of Charles Henry Baker, an indication that its contribution to the perfidious endeavor was either unappreciated by the international community or nullified by the Haitian elite which turned out to be the real beneficiary. Touted as an essential component to the phantom project of stabilization of Haiti (2004-?) conceived and promoted by the international community, the fall vote is likely to bring ridicule to the country and solidify the iron grip of the occupiers. No less than the party of the incumbent president, (INITE) Creole for Unity, started the drama. Days after nominating former Prime Minister Jacques Edouard Alexis, who lost his job as a result of the April 2008 food riots, the party reversed itself on the day of the filing deadline by choosing Jude Célestin, the General Director of the National Center for Equipment (CNE), the state agency responsible for construction. Conveniently enough, another party came to the rejected former prime minister’s rescue by nominating him as its standard bearer. This is presidential politics in Haiti, where core principles and patriotism take a back seat to a perverted sense of entitlement and political parties with ready-to-fill-slots are available to the highest bidder. How the CEP deals with Jude Célestin whose current job of General Director of the state agency CNE puts him squarely in contravention with Article 135 (f) of the 1987 Constitution is crucial to the integrity of the elections. Article 135 (f) requires of anyone wanting to become president of the Republic to “have been relieved of these responsibilities, if he had been handling public funds.” As far as we know, Mr. Célestin was still in charge of the state agency (CNE) on the day he officially became a candidate and hadn’t been cleared by the Superior Court of auditors and Administrative Disputes. A factual interpretation of the 1987 Constitution disqualifies Mr. Célestin as a presidential candidate, since he lacked the clearance of the Superior Court of auditors and Administrative Disputes prior to filing his candidacy, even if a post-filing clearance were to be issued. Acceptance of Mr. Célestin’s candidacy by the CEP will constitute a flagrant violation of the Constitution and highlight the misplaced arrogance of René G. Préval who seems to think that he is

answerable to no one, let alone a moribund Constitution. When Rome was burning (64 A.D) and Nero was playing his lyre, many Romans did enjoy his ballads, I suppose. On the other hand, Haiti is suffering while its politicians are cracking jokes that are not funny at all, as no less than the continued existence of the country as a sovereign entity is at stake during this difficult period. Incredibly Haitian politicians remain oblivious to the reality that Haiti, a country founded under the noble purpose of resistance against injustice and foreign domination, may never recover its right to be sovereign earned at a cost of more than 100.000 lives (1791-1803). The expropriation of the government’s constitutional powers by the Interim Haiti Reconstruction Commission and a statement by James Dobbins, a former U.S. special envoy to Haiti and director of the RAND International Security and Defense Policy Center are the clearest indication to date. Referring to the Préval’s government’s pathetic response to the January 12 disaster; Haiti’s history of bad governance and the international community’s selfpromoting effort to stabilize the country, Dobbins said “Just to further underline what a low base we're starting at, the current government we have is one of the best we've had in 200-plus years.” Apparently, the land of Dessalines belongs to the international community, otherwise Mr. Dobbins would have taken care of omitting the word “we” when speaking about Haiti, a supposedly sovereign entity and member of the U.N. As Frederick Douglas said in his autobiography “ To enslave men successfully and safely, it is necessary to keep their minds occupied with thoughts and aspirations short of the liberty of which they are deprived.” Well, Haiti’s future is no longer about correcting social and economic injustice, which became the credo of the social movement that spanned the mid-1980’s through 2004, but combating insecurity and lawlessness as decreed by the occupiers. Not surprisingly, the idea is wholeheartedly embraced by many educated Haitians who willfully become zealous gatekeepers of the devious designs of the occupiers. Consequently, any Haitian who dares speak against economic and social injustice is automatically branded a Lavalas or Aristide supporter, a terrorist, a loser or simply disappears from the face of the earth. Haiti is at a crossroads and many of its best and brightest are behaving like house slaves that refuse to see the larger picture in which their fate is woven with those of the so-called uncivilized and barbaric masses. The upcoming elections should be the catalyst for a renewal of our sense of nationhood and duty but, unfortunately, the multitude of candidates (34) indicates that this dream will have to wait. As inheritors of the mantle of liberty proudly wore by the likes of Toussaint, Dessalines and Christophe, our struggle to overcome social and economic oppression will see the light in the near future. Contact Joseph at djougan@yahoo.com


August 18 - 24, 2010

We Need An Enforcer Of The Law Ilio's

Odyssey

By Ilio Durandis

The optimism that pervades our consciousness lately is a good thing for all Haitians, whether we like any of the candidates in this year’s presidential election or not. The presence of two celebrity musicians and former Prime Ministers makes the upcoming elections something that almost everyone has already set their eyes on. In short order, the official list of all the candidates will be published and the campaign to run one of the most complex countries in this hemisphere will start. Last week, I shared my position on Wyclef Jean’s bid for the presidency of Haiti. Although I am not yet willing to support him, I am not completely dismissing his candidacy either. It is true that I have not heard anything new from Wyclef to make me think that he will be different or that he will really address the most pressing issues facing the country, but if the CEP decides to accept his candidacy that itself, will be transformative and a strong signal that Haiti is ready for its diaspora. Regardless of the outcome of the elections, the next president of Haiti will be faced with the biggest challenge since Dessalines. The next president would not only need to inspire people to believe in

government, but also to set the standard moving forward for the institution of the Presidency. The most daunting task waiting the soon-to-be president is the ability to manage the co-existence of the superrich and the extreme-poor. In Haiti, plainly put, the rich and the poor simply do not trust each other. Haiti is a country where the rule of law only exists on paper. It is so rarely applied that whenever someone evokes the law, the accuser cries injustice. If someone is arrested for driving without a license, they would claim that the police officer is being unfair to them. Now, imagine a country full of people with such mentality, how can it possibly be built for sustainable progress? The daunting task of building a country of equity, where people live with dignity and have access to accumulate wealth, starts and ends with the rule of law. So far, none of the candidates for president are even considering how they would apply the law of the land to make the country welcome to all its citizens. It is very sad, when people talk of the future of Haiti, they spend so much time focusing on the physical needs and the lack of monetary capital that exist, and turn their back on the very foundation of what makes a country. The law is the biggest friend of the people. It is the absolute arbiter in all national matters. Currently, Haitian laws are eroding, and electing the right candidate who can instill and follow the rule of law will be the first step in building a nation which

is slipping into a dark hole. As a concern citizen, I have no doubt that we can not have a beautiful country without applying the rigueur of the law. We can not maintain agricultural production, if the farmers are not protected. We cannot maintain building codes, if the builders do not know the law. We cannot believe in any government that refuses to follow the law. First and foremost, everyone who is seeking the highest office in the land should abide by the law. I cannot compre-

As a concern citizen, I have no doubt that we can not have a beautiful country without applying the rigueur of the law. hend how anyone can be said to have the country’s best interest at heart, if they are attempting to circumvent the laws of the land. A good leader is someone with the ability to help others achieve for themselves. A great leader is someone with high ethical values. Haiti is in need of great leadership. The president of Haiti is entrusted with so much power that it is not rational or logical to elect anyone with little ethical values. If the country is to break from the past and start the building process on the right foot,

THE HAITIAN TIMES

7

I would urge all my fellow compatriots to assess the ethical values of every single candidate. The president alone will not change the lot of the people. Whoever get elected cannot possibly change the history of the country overnight—however, the next president can and definitely is able to make things much worst. Haiti needs to be built from the ground up, but it cannot be started by purchasing a fancy ceiling, and leave behind the foundation to a mediocre foreman. The country is thirsty for great leadership, individuals who are able to work in a team, and assemble team-players all around them. The days for self-promotion are over. Campaigning on false promises is no longer needed. Haiti is closer to non-existence than it is to solving its most basic needs. I am assuming that all the candidates running for president have a clear agenda on how they are going to manage the build-up of our great nation, but so far I have not heard, read or seen anything out there that would lead me to believe that they do. People who are so willing to violate the law of the land to run for office are a national danger, and cannot be trusted with building a prosperous country. We should all keep in mind that we are not forced to pick anyone for president. If in fact, none of the candidates fit the criteria to be Head of State, we could simply leave the spot for president blank. So far, that’s the option I would opt because this election is too important to leave it up to chance. Contact Ilio at Ilio@zanmi.com.

US Weighs Easing of Cuba Travel WASHINGTON – The Obama administration, in a test of the Castro regime's appetite for reform, is considering easing travel restrictions to Cuba, U.S. and congressional officials said Tuesday. The move would leave intact the nearly 50-year-old embargo against the communist regime but would expand opportunities for American students, educators and researchers to visit Cuba, the officials said. The discussions to ease restrictions follow the release in July of the first batch of political prisoners Havana had pledged to free. President Barack Obama has said that he wants to reach out to Cuba and promote democracy there by easing travel and financial restrictions. But he has also said there must be political or economic reforms before the U.S. takes further steps to ease Cuba's isolation. A decision could be announced before the end of next week. However, the officials cautioned that political considerations could hold up a decision, possibly until after November's midterm congressional elections. They spoke on condition of anonymity because internal deliberations continue on the scope and scale of the changes. Some in Congress have voiced opposition to a further easing in the restrictions, which Obama loosened last year to allow Cuban-Americans to visit and send money to relatives on the island. The new changes would extend some of those provisions to a broader group of Americans and could expand direct flights to Cuba, the officials said. Details of the possible revisions were

first reported by The Miami Herald on its website Aug. 6. Speculation about them has run rife in Washington since Havana began releasing the political prisoners last month. The White House and State Department declined to comment Tuesday on specifics of the changes. ”The president is going to continue to do things that are in the best interest of the United States and that help to create a more democratic environment and expand freedoms for the Cuban people,” deputy White House spokesman Bill Burton told reporters. Those comments were echoed almost word-for-word by State Department spokesman Mark Toner, who added: ”We're looking at promoting measures that encourage the free flow of information and humanitarian items to the Cuban people.” Toner noted that the Obama administration had contacts with Cuba on issues like immigration, postal service between the two countries, and the Gulf oil spill. Speaking privately, two administration officials and a congressional source said support for the changes increased after Cuba began the release of political prisoners in July, which was brokered by the Catholic church. Some supporters of easing the embargo say Raul Castro, who assumed power from his ailing brother Fidel in 2006, may be trying to find a way to reduce state control of society without losing control, much like the Chinese communist party in the 1980s. But the Obama administration could

Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J.

find it difficult politically to broaden ties with Cuba. The White House is still appealing to Cuba for the release of a U.S. government contractor who was detained last year. Any effort to ease the embargo against Cuba would be fiercely opposed by Republicans and Democrats, both on Capitol Hill and across the U.S., who warn that it would weaken attempts to promote a fundamental change in Havana. A growing number of lawmakers in both parties see Cuba as a lucrative market for U.S. farm exports, and support dropping at

least some restrictions on trade. Sen. Robert Menendez, D-N.J., has said that loosening restrictions would reward a repressive government that has shown little interest in reform. ”Promoting travel and widespread remittances will give the regime a much-needed infusion of dollars that will only allow the Castro brothers to extend their reign of oppression and human rights violations,” Menendez said in an Aug. 6 statement. Mendendez' comments came in response to a mention of possible changes published in a Washington Post column.


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August 18 - 24, 2010

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August 18 - 24, 2010

Beleaguered U.N. Chief Under Political Microscope UNITED NATIONS(IPS/GIN) - In South Korea, Ban Ki-Moon is a prestigious brand name - like Samsung, Kia, LG and Hyundai. When the former South Korean foreign minister completes his term of office as secretary-general of the United Nations in December 2011, the Koreans expect him to be voted a second five-year term in office. In Korean culture, one Asian diplomat points out, failure is not an option. ”Anything short of a second term for Ban Ki-moon,” he said, ”would be the equivalent of committing political harakiri.” A downfall will also be construed as a monumental disaster for a country fast emerging as one of Asia's major political and economic powers, wielding immense clout in the international arena, he added. But during the last few months, the secretary-general has been on the defensive as his beleaguered administration - and his political leadership - have come under relentless fire.

A 50-page scathing attack on Ban's leadership by outgoing Under-SecretaryGeneral Inga-Britt Ahlenius - whose full report was exclusively reported only on the IPS news wire - appears to have rattled the besieged administration. Ahlenius accused Ban of poor governance, lacking transparency in management, fostering a culture of secrecy, and virtually running an authoritarian regime and overextending his authority. She told him in rather harsh language, perhaps never uttered before against any U.N. chief: ”Your actions are not only deplorable but seriously reprehensible.” Last week the secretary-general was forced to retract a statement - later described only as ”guidance” - on the politically sensitive issue of Kashmir. The retraction was a speedy response to a strong protest by India. The Indians, who consider Kashmir an essentially domestic issue, were angry that the statement, expressing ”concern” over the security situation in the politically-

A Second Five-Year Term for U.N. Chief? The speculation in the corridors of the United Nations is that Ban Ki- moon could win a second five-year term in office - provided he does not antagonize or defy the five veto-wielding permanent members in the Security Council: the United States, Britain, France, Russia and China. ”The bottom line,” says an African diplomat, ”is the five big powers want a weak secretary-general, not someone who is independent and assertive.” Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury, a former Permanent Representative of Bangladesh who presided over a June 2001 Security Council meeting which endorsed a second five-year term for then Secretary-General Kofi Annan, thinks speculation about a second term for Ban Ki-moon is ”premature”. Much water will flow down the East River before that race warms up, he said. However, one point to remember well is that there is widespread concern about ”the current non-transparent, non-democratic, manipulative process of electing the U.N. secretary-general. That needs to change.” Chowdhury said that during Ban's leadership, the U.N. has been belea-

guered by the largest ever number of demonstrations, protests and processions against the world body. These days, member-states have no qualms about rejecting panels, tribunals and special envoys proposed by the secretary-general: something rather embarrassing, given the high moral authority his office enjoys. ”I believe three areas in particular have given got short shrift during Ban's tenure so far,” Chowdhury said. First, the poorest countries and the most vulnerable ones who deserve topmost attention of the U.N. leader have been not only been marginalized in his ”priorities” but their agenda has been downgraded in terms of his ”senior management team”. Second, women's substantive agenda has been allowed to be lost. A third area is Ban's colossal indifference to civil society's involvement in advancing the U.N. agenda at the people's level, said the former ambassador. Even the NGO access to the U.N. building is now the most restricted ever in the U.N.'s 65-year history. Of course, his speeches on these three areas are clear proof of his faith in the usefulness of lip service.

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troubled region, emanated from Ban's Secretariat. Barbara Crossette, a former U.N. bureau chief for the New York Times and who now covers the world body for The Nation, told IPS: ”I think there are several factors working against him: his halting use of English, and his slow response to crises.” She said that Ban's office puts out a lot of reaction comments on things happening all over the world, but they never have much depth. ”An area where I think it is dangerous to go, but relevant, I think, is his East Asian/ Southeast Asian style, which as you know

9

too well tends to be non-confrontational and unemotional, at least in public, and not always analytical or demonstrative.” Asked if there is a political conspiracy against Ban, a representative of a non-governmental organization (NGO) told IPS: ”I don't think a conspiracy is needed to detect the flaws in Ban Ki-Moon's leadership. They are there for all to see.” ”U.N. staff are boiling, the institution is adrift, the secretary-general is steadily losing ground. And the United Nations badly needs a strong, dynamic leader,” he added. see U.N. on page 23

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Paj Kreyòl Ayisyen

August 18 - 24, 2010

Dèyè Tande ak wè se de 1. Gade Blan! Gade Blan! Pawòl Gen Pawòl Avèk Wozvèl Jan — Batis Lide seri sa a tonbe nan tèt mwen depi anvan m rive Ayiti. (Wi, se on nouvèl m tou ban nou la a: Dèyè Pawòl Ayiti. M te gentan fin fè lide pou m anonse nou sa, konmkwa m t apral pran on ti va­­­kans, men m deside, vakans pa vakans, fò m ban nou on ti lòsyè nan sa m pral pran an, kèlke­lan­ swa jan sa ye.) Ko­te lide a soti, se etan m ap tann pou m chanje avyon nan ayewopò Mayami, kèk sitwayen t ap pale,pou fè lapati mache, ondire. Youn nan yo deklare: “Se bon pawòl m ap di nou: ni televizyon, ni radyo, ni pyès moun pa p janm ka fè ou konprann dega bagay sa a fè lòtbò a. Fòk se esperyans pa ou ki pou ba ou. Fòk se ak de grenn je pa ou pou ou al wè.” Kidonk pou mwen pa t gen ni de ni twa pawoli ki ta ka al nan sans deklarasyon sitwayen an: “Tande ak wè se de.” ‘Tande’ ak ‘wè’ se 2 fason nou pran enfòmasyon sou lanviwonnay nou—pran gou, pran sant, santi avèk kontak po se 3 lòt fason . ‘Tande’ ak ‘wè’ se 2 aktivite enpòtan nan lavi nou. Si nou rive tande,

se paske nou gen zòrèy: nou kapte bri ak son lanviwonnay nou granmesi zòrèy nou. (Nou ka konprann tou gen moun ki pa tande malgre yo gen zòrèy. Son rive nan zòrèy yo, men yo pa sanble yo dispoze pou yo koute, kidonk pou yo mete atansyon pou yo kapte son yo. Se moun yo di ki enkoutan, moun ki pa tande moun, osnon ki gen tannman di.) Si nou rive wè tou, se de grenn je nou ki pèmèt sa posib: je nou kapte imaj ki parèt devan yo. Moun ki pa gen je pa ka wè: gendwa se nan on je osnon nan tou de je yo. On moun kapab wè san l pa ap gade, men, an jeneral, fòk on moun founi je l gade pou l ka wè. (Konsa tou gen moun se de je pete klere yo ye: yo gen je, men yo pa ka wè—y ap gade san wè…) Gen lòt aspè nan kesyon wè ak tande a ki merite on ti refleksyon. Nou toujou gen tandans ke­syo­ne sa nou tande: ki kote nou tande l? ki lè nou tande l? nan bouch ki moun nou tande l? ki­donk èske sa nou kwè nou tande a se sa l ye? Men gen on pwoblèm nan wè. Nou pa oblije al kon­ state ak de je nou pou nou wè. Jounal ak televizyon pote imaj ban nou—imaj ki tèlman byen prezante, byen monte, nou pa ka pa kwè yo. Men wè sa a pa kapab ni pa dwe ranplase wè ak de grenn je pa nou. Nan seri atik sa a, m ap separe avèk nou sa m wè ak de grenn je m, sa m tande ak de zòrèy mwen.

Lè m anbake nan avyon an Mayami pou m al ateri Pòtoprens, m konstate te gen anpil Blan. Tout kalite Blan: Blan pentle, takte woz, Blan jón sitwon, jón abriko, Blan nwa, Blan blanch kou koton, po yo tankou lèt kaye… Pami Blan sa yo, te gen kèk grenn senk, kidonk Blan ki sanble yo te pou kont yo. Pifò ladan yo te fè pati on gwoup, tankou gwoup misyonè; yo mache ak non le­gliz yo osnon òganizasyon yo make nan do mayo ki te sou yo. Sa frape m pou m wè tout kalite diferan gwoup moun sa yo, yo di ki pral ede peyi m. Depi apre Douz Janvye, m te toujou tande se plis Blan ki gen nan avyon ki pral Ayiti, men m po t ko janm wè sa ak de grenn je m. Sa make m. Etan avyon an ap glise sou tèt nway—nway nwè kou dèyè cho­dyè, nway gri sann, nway blan kou lanèj—mwen menm, m pati al flannen, lespri m pase nan fenèt avyon an al pwonmnen sou tèt nway yo ansanm ak imaj Blan yo. Yon latriye kesyon anvayi m. Kesyon san repons. Kesyon pou nou chak, kesyon pou nou tout. Blan sa yo m ap gade la a, ki moun yo ye? Èske yo gen fanmi, osnon èske yo se on bann enva­lib, aryennafè? Ki kote yo soti? Ki jan yo t ap viv kote yo soti a? Ki esperyans yo? Ki moun ki voye yo? Ki rezon yo genyen pou yo la a? Ki sa y ap defann? Ki lide yo gen nan tèt yo sou Ayiti? Kouman yo wè nou? Kote yo te ye,

epi ki sa yo t ap fè anvan Douz Janvye? Blan sa yo m ap gade la a, ki sa yo pral fè ann Ayiti? Ki moun ki te voye chache yo? Èske se envite yo envite yo osnon èske se yo menm ki chwazi debake pou kont yo? Ki moun ki te planifye ki kote yo pral fè travay yo vin fè a? Ki moun, ki sèvis Leta ki pral kontwole sa y ap fè etan yo sou teren an? Blan sa yo m ap gade la a, ki kote yo prale lè yo fini, lè yo fin ede Ayiti? Ki rèv yo pou Ayiti? Ki kalite kontak yo gen entansyon kenbe ak peyi a? Repons yo sou kont nou. Sèt jou apre m rive Ayiti, m fè on kokenn esperyans. Ak de twa zanmi, m t al nan lanmè. Nou te sou on plaj piblik. Te chaje Blan la tou. Ki t ap tranpe kò yo nan dlo lanmè Ayiti… Nan flan­nen bò lanmè a, nou pa t fè 500 mèt, sanble nou t al tonbe sou on plaj prive… san n pa t remake sa. Pa t gen okenn ansèy, ni pa t gen okenn kloti. De sitwayen, de Ayisyen, parèt sou nou, soti nan lakou on kay ki bò lanmè a, ak gwo tonton fizi yo nan men yo, inifòm sekirite yo sou yo: “Me­sye! Nou pa ka kontinye avanse la a, se on plaj prive!” “Ki kote sa make?”, youn nan nou mande. “Se lòd nou genyen”, yo reponn, epi yo vire gade dèyè… Te gen on Blan ki te kanpe nan lakou a… Kontakte Wozvèl Jan-Batis nan rorojb@netzero.com

Chile: Straddling the Line Between Rich and Poor Nations But when Mexico and South UNITED NATIONS (IPS/ diplomat told IPS, ”there is going GIN) - The 130 developing coun- to be a conflict of interest because Korea broke ranks from the tries at the United Nations remain we in the G77 have nothing in developing world and joined the OECD back in 1994 and 1996 divided over Chile's decision to common with the OECD.” Put simply, he said, ”You can- respectively, both countries volhold onto its seat in the Group of 77 (G77) - even after it for- not run with the hare and hunt untarily quit the G77. On North-South economic mally joined the exclusive club with the hounds.” At a meeting of the G77 last issues at the United Nations, the of rich nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and month, Chile had the backing G77 and the OECD hold diaof several Latin American and metrically opposite views - most Development (OECD). What was discussed in whis- Caribbean countries, including or all of the time. The OECD is home to some of pered tones has broken out into Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, the world's major economic the open, with Latin Amerincluding the Unitican countries predictably “Sooner or later there is powers, ed States, Britain, Germany, standing in solidarity with France and Japan. But most of Chile, while some of the going to be a conflict of the emerging economic powAfrican nations are challenging Chile's right to interest because we in the ers, including Brazil, India, China, Indonesia and South continue its membership G77 have nothing in com- Africa, are longstanding in the largest single coalimembers of the G77 and not tion of developing nations. mon with the OECD.” members of the OECD. After a fruitless debate, According to the OECD, the G77 chair Ambassait is planning to have disdor Abdullah M. Alsaidi concluded there are no rules of Costa Rica, Barbados, Guatemala cussions with all of these G77 countries ”with a view to possible procedure pertaining to dual and Argentina. Additionally, it also had the membership”. membership in both the G77 and Besides Mexico and South OECD - and there is no consen- support of several non-Latin sus among the 130 members of American countries, including Korea, the G77 has lost four other members over the years: Cyprus Singapore and Morocco. the G77 about Chile's status. Chile has maintained there are and Malta (both in May 1994) The African countries that have expressed ”concern” over Chile's no rules of procedure for mem- and Romania (January 2007) decision to retain its G77 mem- bership in the G77, and more when they joined the European bership include Nigeria and Tan- importantly, the OECD has not Union. A fourth country, Palau, a demanded that Chile quit the G77 zania. Both countries have said there as a condition for membership in small island developing nation in the Pacific, withdrew from the was a ”need for detailed explana- the OECD. Chile, which was formal- G77 in June 2006, ostensibly for tions” since Chile's membership in the 30-member Paris-based ly inducted last May into the financial reasons. According to an OECD stateOECD is not compatible with the OECD, has also argued there is no conflict of interest in holding ment, the invitation to Chile to interests of the G77. become the organization's 31st ”Sooner or later,” one African seats in both bodies.

Ambassador Abdullah M. Alsaidi

member came at a time when the OECD is expanding its relations with the region. As an OECD member, Chile will participate in all areas of the OECD's work, from economic and financial policy to education, employment and social affairs. The statement also said that during two years of accession negotiations, Chile was reviewed

by some 20 OECD committees with respect to OECD instruments, standards and benchmarks. The invitation to take up membership confirms that Chile is taking appropriate steps to reform its economy including in the areas of corporate governance, anticorruption, and environmental protection, the OECD said.


THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

Haitians in DR Reap Far Less than they Sow BONAO, Monseñor Province, Dominican Republic (IPS/GIN) - Luis Miguel, a soft-spoken and serious 21-year-old from Haiti's Artibonnite Valley, stands on a ridge overlooking the small farm in the Dominican Cibao where he works as the owner's overseer. He adopted his Dominican moniker in order to fit in. He is on his way back home to the tin shack he shares with his brother. He brings the evening's supper: ”pico y pala” (chicken necks and claws) along with a bit of rice and cooking oil. The shack measures no more than 12 or 15 feet in either direction. He rarely leaves the farm, except to buy provisions at the local colmados in this small town just south of Bonao. He supervises the work crew and sticks close to the farm in order to guard against theft. ”I have got eight workers under me,” says Luis, ”four of them women. They are all Haitians.” And that is the norm these days for most small farms. ”I earn 3500 pesos bimonthly,” he says with satisfaction. That amounts to about 195 dollars a month. If you consider that his job is never done, then on a daily basis he earns no more than six or seven dollars. The price of a typical meal of chicken, rice and beans at a ”comedor” or luncheonette is around 100 pesos, or about three dollars. That is half a day's wage, so Luis doesn't eat out. He is shackled to that shack in more ways than one. Don Jorge, who owns the farm, grows Chinese eggplant and ”vainita”, a string bean that grows to a couple feet in length. He is doing better these days as a result of free trade agreements like DR-CAFTA. ”I have cut out the middle man,” he argues. ”I can sell direct to the market and make a little extra money as a result. Plus my product can now be sold overseas. Better prices, more money.” Nonetheless, like any small-scale farmer, he endures tight constraints on his earnings and is forced to offer low wages to unskilled labour. Agriculture has customarily absorbed the excess Haitian labour spilling over from the sugar plantations, ever since that industry has diminished its output. But

after the earthquake, the number of Haitians has spiked, and there is no crop that doesn't depend on these workers. So much so that any threat to this vulnerable population also threatens the Dominican economy. In 2006, Dominicans burned Haitian shanties around Hatillo Palma in Montecristi province, in reprisal for the murder of a Dominican couple. The Dominican army deported hundreds, and the violence drove thousands more away. The banana growers were stripped of their workforce and the harvest suffered. But aside from such upheavals, agriculturalists confront significant challenges. The coffee industry currently suffers governmental neglect, rising production costs, and deficient financing and technology. The plantations are located in mountainous regions that lack electricity, aqueducts, good roads and social services. Coffee growers must depend on cheap labour, but this creates problems as well. The low pay fails to attract Dominicans, who have been replaced by migrant Haitians. They are untrained, undiscriminating (picking green along with ripe berries in order to fill their baskets more quickly), and uncomprehending, since many do not speak Spanish, according to their Dominican overseers. The heavy presence of Haitians in the agricultural workforce is a natural extension of the fact that this population traditionally worked the ”zafra”, or sugar harvest. The sugar companies recruited, transported and deported this force as it suited their needs. Head north from the capital on the Duarte Highway, and once descended from the heights of Pedro Brand you discover a stretch of fragrant orange groves riding the skirts of dramatic mountains. The roadside is also dotted with the usual brightly coloured, tin-roofed shacks that are a stock feature of generic Dominican painting. But if you look carefully to the right at certain spots you will spy a different kind of housing, small barracks, the remnants of another agricultural economy which prevailed here in the past century. These were once sugar cane fields. The

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Haitian border at Ouanaminthe

small communities that cling to its fringes are called ”bateys”, worker settlements notorious for their misery and neglect. The current generation does not cut cane, they work the orange groves. But their social ostracism has not altered much. Michel arrived from Haiti in the latter half of the past century and now lives in Batey KM43. He and his children and grandchildren occupy a small wooden house that barely contains all the members and their effusive spirits. What challenges them is social and political legitimacy. While Michel has lived here long enough to preside over two subsequent generations of offspring, he has no cedula, the walletsized card that every Dominican citizen must carry to certify his or her citizenship. Without it, one technically cannot procure basic services, and one's political rights are in jeopardy. Though the Dominican government has been widely praised for its response to the Haitian earthquake, it has not been as charitable toward its long-term resident population of Haitian migrant workers. It has instead pursued a policy of exclusion. This policy depends for its justification on the constitution's controversial definition of citizenship, which would deny this

privilege to anyone born of ”foreigners who are in transit or reside illegally in Dominican territory...” The irony that Michel can be defined as a foreigner in transit despite having been legally hired by the mill and rooted to this spot for decades is entirely lost on the civil authorities who adjudicate such matters in the dilapidated governmental offices in nearby Altagracia. ”I have the card that the mill gave me,” he says, holding up a tattered and faded bit of paper that ratifies his work status. ”But this don't do me any good.” If anything, it works against him. Just his name is enough to cause them to reject his application. They write ”Haitian” on a slip of paper and toss the folder in the backroom among mountains of disorganised files where it will never be found. Because Michel is considered an ”illegal”, his whole family has had to struggle to acquire legal documentation. His grandson, Michel Jr., despite having won an award in a rap competition in Higuey, cannot get work as a performer or even enter any of the resorts for lack of a cedula. You reap what you sow. But for those who are denied the fruits of their labour, there is only the sweat and pain of Adam's curse.

France Dismisses Petition to Pay Restitution to Haiti PARIS – France dismissed a call by left-leaning politicians and others for it to pay the modern equivalent of 90 million gold francs – about $17 billion – to Haiti as reparations for a 200-year-old injustice. A petition signed by 100 artists, scholars, and EU politicians that was released Monday called on France to give Haiti $17 billion for earthquake reconstruction. The money would essentially reimburse a fee French King Charles X charged Haiti after a revolt that ended slavery there. King Charles justified the fee as compensation for the loss of slaves and other property. Such requests are not new, authorities say, arguing that France has given substantial aid and debt relief to its former colony, and plans more.

The British Guardian and French Liberation dailies yesterday ran the open letter to French president Nicolas Sarkozy signed by the likes of US academics Cornel West and Noam Chomsky, EU political figures Daniel CohnBendit and Eva Joly, columnist Naomi Klein, and a host of US and French academics, rappers, and public figures. Some 90 million was “extorted” by the French crown for losses in slaves and property and “illegitimately forced a people who had won their independence in a successful slave revolt, to pay again for their freedom,” the letter states. By 1804 a Haitian revolt against colonial France made it the first independent former black slave republic. But faced with threats of a French blockade, invasion, and

isolation, Haiti agreed to pay, taking until 1947 to pay-off interest on what is known as its “independence debt.” Accompanied by 14 gunships in 1825, France demanded Haiti pay for its freedom and slave value to the tune of 150 million gold francs (reduced in 1838) by borrowing from a French bank. Two days ago President Sarkozy, citing the Pakistan floods, Russian wildfires, and the Haitian earthquake, called on the European Union to develop a “rapid response” to global natural disasters. Sarkozy, who became the first French head of state to visit Haiti last February, implied France still owes something to the country: ”Our presence here did not leave only good memories. Even if I did not start my mandate at the time of Charles X, I am still responsible in

the name of France.” Responding to the petition, foreign ministry spokesperson Christine Fages said France gives Haiti $25 million a year, has given $30 million in humanitarian aid since the earthquake in January that left some 250,000 dead, has erased a $72 million in debt, and plans a total of $420 million more in aid through next year. French officials did not address the legitimacy of the debt, with analysts saying such an admission could open a flood-gate of former colonial claims. France, for its part, has steadily requested that Moscow recompense a group of French investors that prior to 1917 put vast sums into the Russian rail system. Lenin declared the debt void under Soviet rule. But recently Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin agreed to reopen

negotiations. A set of activists hacked onto the French foreign ministry website on Bastille day. The “Committee for the Reimbursement of the Indemnity Money Extorted from Haiti (CRIME)” left a bogus announcement that the French government had finally agreed to repay the money it received from Haiti in the 19th century. Days later officials said they might prosecute the hackers. In the open letter, signees said that, “We believe the ideals of equality, fraternity and liberty would be far better served if, instead of pouring public resources into the prosecution of these pranksters, France were to start paying Haiti back for the 90 million gold francs that were extorted following Haitian independence.”


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THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

Fighting Children Trafficking One Child At A Time

THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

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Trafficking continued from cover

While most people answer her questions, it is not unusual for child protection staff to chase people down the bridge when they refuse to stop. “Some are quite hostile and often this hostility can hide something,” Joanice said, adding that she got used to insults and even death threats. One smuggler recently offered her to split profits. The man was trying to cross the bridge with a 10 year-old girl, who was waiting alone for her mother to sell her products when he snatched her. When Joanice’s team stopped the man, the girl started to cry and said she didn’t know him. “He just told us, let me go sell her, I’ll pay you half of it,” Joanice recalled. “Fifty-fifty.” The Heartland Alliance has no mandate to arrest smugglers but it refers them to the local authorities, while keeping the children into custody until it has verified legitimate ties to the adults with them. That is often complicated by a lack of documents, but child protection officers, who are now training the government’s own officers to do the same, also work with psychologists, interview the children and conduct rigorous investigations on each case, which they scrupulously register in databases shared with UNICEF and organizations like Save The Children. “Before the earthquake, 40 percent of children had birth certificates. Now there are no statistics, but I would put it at half of that,” Ramsay Ben-Achour, the Heartland Alliance’s Haiti Director said, explaining that the organization is carrying out a sort of census of unaccompanied children, which it also uses for its family reunification programs. Alternative identifications methods range from reading body language to asking the parents to identify birthmarks or children to describe what they had for breakfast. Sometimes the process takes hours of phone calls and verifications with other relatives. Other times it’s as easy as asking children for

their names. “We’ve had traffickers provide birth certificates for the children and then pulled the children aside and they gave us completely different names,” Ben-Achour said. While Haitian authorities are stationed on the border and UN troops and police watch the borders for illegal activities, almost nobody gets stopped on market days. Further south, the border town of Belladere, some 5km from the Dominican town of Elias Pina, has a custom service but lacks an immigration office altogether. While the rusty gate into the Dominican Republic closes at 6pm, it is not unusual for people to walk right around it after hours.

Photos by Alice Speri

“The Haitian reality is that it’s hard to many minor workers who cross the border find people with passports,” said Marie back and forth to shine shoes or sell cold Sonie Ducoste, 25, another child pro- drinks, whom she now knows individually. tection officer in Ouanaminthe, as she But if she has any suspicion, she asks the stops a man crossing the border with his adults to come back with their children’s and their own IDs. two children, wear“We don’t always ing their best clothes know whether it’s and headed to the “Before the earthquake, trafficking or not, market for the day. but if we have any “This is my son, 40 percent of children doubt, or if the chillook at him, he has the same ears as his had birth certificates. Now dren look like they don’t know the persister,” the man tells her jokingly, pulling there are no statistics, but I sons accompanying them, we don’t let out of his wallet a family portrait and would put it at half of that.” them through, and we refer them to the pointing to his chilBPM or the police,” dren in it. He has no travel papers but Ducoste lets Ducoste said. The Heartland Alliance has added to him go anyway, after lecturing him on the importance of documents. Ducoste says its protection plan car checkpoints further she doesn’t stop clearly safe children or the away from the border as well as early

evening patrols with MINUSTAH’s Uruguayan troops and local police. It is also about to open a drop-in center where child workers can play on days with no market. The organization’s mandate and security policy require police to accompany staff at all times, meaning that late-night shifts and entire areas that people frequently use to informally cross the border remain uncovered. “It’s hard to identify how many children slip through the cracks, if we knew that we would have stopped them in the first place,” Ben-Achour admitted. “But a lot of smuggling happens in the evening time, when we are not there.” “We can’t be there without the police

but they don’t have man power, they don’t have the budget, they don’t have cars, gas, they don’t get paid all the time,” he added. But while international organizations and national authorities are stepping up efforts, the lack of public resources is a challenge. “We are dealing with insufficient staff,” said Renel Costume, the local head of the BPM, adding that the police would otherwise “seriously consider” patrolling at night and on unofficial border crossings. Since January, the brigades have stopped 3,000 minors on the border, 750 of whom carried no documents. “In the coming months, BPM with the support of UNICEF will increase the ter-

ritorial coverage,” UNICEF spokesperson Irene Sanchez echoed, adding that UNICEF “encourage national authorities to increase vigilance along the borders and at the airport.” But at the moment, exit points remain largely uncovered. Even on market days, when full teams of child protection officers work in Ouanaminthe, several children slip by and many more cross the border by fording the river under the bridge, named the “Mas-

sacre River” after a slaughter of Haitians by Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo in the 1930s. Children also sleep or play on either bank of the river, where drowning is common. “Sometimes smugglers take children across the river by making them hold onto a cord,” Joanice of Heartland Alliance said. “But if something happens or they get scared, they just run away and leave the children there.”


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THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

The

Prescription By Dr. Gerald W. Deas

Wasted by Our Waste If you think that the recent oil spill caused a toxic disaster to our water and sea life, imagine the effect that the contaminants in the human waste materials produced daily on our planet must have on our water supply. As a child, whenever I visited my grandma in Virginia, the worst thing I dreaded was having to use the outhouse to add my waste to the so-called night soil. Speaking of the night, that in itself

was a courageous act, to go out into the night with only a flashlight. But, you had to do what you had to do. Well, the waste that was deposited in the outhouse was at least contained and did not contaminate our water supply. Time passed and a bathroom was added to my grandma’s home, with running water that flushed away the waste. The waste was now conducted through a pipeline to a sewer treatment plant. At this plant, tons

Minority Group Hit Hard By Childhood Obesity While some research suggests that the incidence of childhood obesity may be leveling off, a new study finds that for certain racial groups the rates may actually be getting higher. The study, to be published in the September issue of Pediatrics, finds that black, Hispanic and American Indian girls have two to three times higher odds of having a high body-mass index (BMI) compared to white girls. What's more, although rates of obesity peaked for Hispanic girls in 2005, they have kept on rising for American Indian and black girls. ”What was encouraging was that we saw some decline in obesity, [but] we saw an increase in the racial disparities. So, whatever policies we're putting in place probably aren't having the effect we want for all groups,” said study author Dr. Kristine Madsen, an assistant professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco. ”Unfortunately, today's policies may be increasing the disparities in childhood obesity, and we need to target the communities that get left behind,” she said. Madsen and her colleagues reviewed data on more than 8 million fifth-, seventhand ninth-grade students in California. The children underwent school-based screening of their BMI between 2001 and 2008. Forty-six percent of the children were Hispanic, 33 percent were white, almost 13 percent were Asian, 8 percent were black and less than 1 percent were American Indian, according to the study. The researchers separated the data into four BMI cut points for overweight and obesity: at or above the 85th percentile for age and sex (overweight), at or above the 95th percentile (obese), at or above the 97th percentile and over the 99th percentile (severely obese). They found that 38 percent of the kids were overweight, nearly 20 percent were obese and 3.6 percent were severely obese. Overall, boys were more likely than girls to have a high BMI for their age, according to the study. For three of the four BMI cut points, the prevalence of obesity continued to increase through 2008 for black and Amer-

ican Indian girls. Among Hispanic girls, the rate of obesity leveled out after 2005. For white girls, rates of obesity peaked in 2005 and then declined to 2001 levels by the end of the study period. There were no increases in Asian girls. The racial disparity was most evident in the highest BMI category. Just 1.3 percent of white girls fell into this category, but 4.9 percent of American Indian girls and 4.6 percent of black girls did, reported the study. White boys peaked in 2005 and declined to 2001 levels by the end of the study. The rate of obesity dropped in Hispanic and Asian boys after 2005, but hadn't dropped back to 2001 levels by 2008. There was no increase in the prevalence of obesity in black boys, except in the severely obese category, which peaked in 2007. The rates in American Indian boys peaked in 2007, but declined only in the above 95th percentile group. The rate in the over 99th percentile group didn't change for girls and changed little over the study period for boys. ”Research on health disparities is going to be very important in figuring out how we need to tailor our interventions to best meet the needs of different races and cultures,” said Carolyn Landis, a psychologist and associate professor of pediatrics at Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. ”The messages were originally developed for middle-class Caucasian populations,” noted Landis, who added that the same messages won't necessarily work for all populations. For example, she said, in some areas, it's difficult to regularly find affordable fresh produce, and in some areas, it's not safe for kids to exercise outside. And that's where a tailored message might help, she said. Instead of telling parents to send their kids outside to play, suggest dancing around the house for an hour, she said. Sleep can play a role in a child's weight, Landis said. Young children should get 10 to 11 hours of sleep; school-aged kids need 10 hours; and teens need at least nine hours, she said. Without enough sleep, it may be hard to be active or to make good food choices.

of material was removed from the liquid waste. This sludge contained toxic metals, such as arsenic, lead, and mercury, and other industrial chemicals. Other contaminants included bacteria, viruses, parasitic worms and protozoa. Just think of what the average household flushes down while doing housecleaning! How many of you recall all of the cleaning chemicals that you use daily that reach the sewer system. It is estimated that at least 10 million tons of sludge are produced each year in publicly owned wastewater plants in the United States alone. John Stauber and Sheldon Rampton discuss all this in their book, Toxic Sludge Is Good For You! Lies, Damn Lies, and the Public Relations Industry, (Common Courage Press, Monroe, Maine). They explain how accumulated toxic sludge from the treatment plants was sold to farmers worldwide to fertilize their crops and how advertising agencies were used to promote this as a safe practice. This book should be read by everyone, especially those who are the watchdogs of our water supplies. The authors deserve to be nominated for a Nobel Prize for the work that they have done. I recall that many folks on the street where I lived developed cancer. Eventually it was revealed that the water that was supplied by the Jamaica Water Company was contaminated. As a physician, I am

certain that many medical conditions can be avoided by eliminating toxins from our environment. I respectfully advise the present administration in Washington to take this subject seriously and produce protective legislation. For as Stauber and Rampton point out, “The fact that corporations and governments feel compelled to spend billions of dollars every year manipulating the public is a perverse tribute to human nature and our own moral values.” For more health tips and access to an online community of physicians and other healthcare professionals visit: DrDeas.com


HEALTH

August 18 - 24, 2010

THE HAITIAN TIMES

15

Report: Cancer is the world's costliest disease Cancer is the world's top ”economic killer” as well as its likely leading cause of death, the American Cancer Society contends in a new report it will present at a global cancer conference in China this week. Cancer costs more in productivity and lost life than AIDS, malaria, the flu and other diseases that spread person-to-person, the report concludes. Chronic diseases including cancer, heart disease and diabetes account for more than 60 percent of deaths worldwide but less than 3 percent of public and private funding for global health, said Rachel Nugent of the Center for Global Development, a Washington-based policy research group. Money shouldn't be taken away from fighting diseases that spread person-toperson, but the amount devoted to cancer is way out of whack with the impact it has, said Otis Brawley, the cancer society's chief medical officer. Cancer's economic toll was $895 billion in 2008 — equivalent to 1.5 percent of the world's gross domestic product, the report says. That's in terms of disability and years of life lost — not the cost of treating the disease, which wasn't addressed in the report. The World Health Organization has long predicted that cancer would overtake heart disease this year as the leading cause of death. About 7.6 million people died of cancer in 2008, and about 12.4 million new cases are diagnosed each year. Tobacco use and obesity are fueling a rise in chronic diseases, while vaccines and better treatments have led to drops in some infectious diseases. Many groups have been pushing for more attention to non-infectious causes

of death, and the United Nations General Assembly has set a meeting on this a year from now. Some policy experts are comparing it to the global initiative that led to big increases in spending on AIDS nearly a decade ago. ”This needs to be discussed at the UN — how we are going to deal with this” rising burden of chronic disease, said Dr. Andreas Ullrich, medical officer for cancer control at WHO. The answer is ”not a fight against each other,” but more cooperation on areas that overlap, such as cancers with infectious causes, such as cervical cancer and HPV, human papillomavirus, Ullrich said. Any review of priorities is sure to be contentious, though. The cancer society's report is the first major effort to look at the economic cost in terms of global productivity. It was done with Livestrong, cancer survivor and cyclist Lance Armstrong's foundation. Authors plan to publish it in a scientific journal and to present it Thursday at the biannual meeting of the World Cancer Congress in Shenzen, China. Researchers used the World Health Organization's death and disability reports, and economic data from the World Bank. They calculated disability-adjusted life years, which reflect the impact a disease has on how long and how productively people live. ”That has become a more and more common way of looking at the global burden of disease,” said Wendy Max, a health economist at the University of California, San Francisco, who is familiar with the work and the methods the researchers used. Lung and related cancers account for

$180 billion of the $895 billion total. Smokers die an average of 15 years earlier than nonsmokers, the report says. Heart disease follows cancer, with an economic impact of $753 billion. ”Heart conditions usually hit people towards the end of their life. The cancers struck people much earlier in their life cycle,” said the lead author, cancer society health economist Hana Ross. In a separate article published online Monday by the British medical journal Lancet, cancer scientists and advocates urged more money to fight cancer in poor countries. Only 5 percent of cancer treatment and prevention money goes to the countries

that bear 80 percent of the burden of the disease, said one of the authors, Dr. Julio Frenk, dean of Harvard's School of Public Health. ”We are literally being victims of our own success” — more people are surviving infectious diseases and living long enough to develop cancer, but treatment gaps remain, he said. Dr. Lawrence Shulman, chief medical officer of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, said cure rates for breast cancer are 80 percent or more in the U.S. and half that in many other countries. Many treatments are quite affordable ”and could be successfully delivered in even the poorest settings,” he said.

Weight-loss surgery cuts diabetics' costs Three-fourths of obese diabetics who had weight-loss surgery were able to quit taking diabetes drugs within six months of their operation, U.S. researchers said on Monday, citing a new study. They said the surgery may eliminate the need for chronic medications to treat the disease and reduce overall healthcare costs, providing a strong argument for insurance companies to pay for the procedures. Once developed, diabetes and obesity are rarely reversed, Dr. Martin Makary of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore and colleagues reported in Archives of Surgery, a medical journal. ”Until a successful non-surgical means for preventing and reversing obesity is developed, bariatric surgery appears to be the only intervention that can result in a sustained reversal of both obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in most patients receiving it,” they wrote. Bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery, has increased by 200 percent during the past five years,

as obese people struggled to lose weight and avoid the health complications that accompany the extra pounds -- such as diabetes, heart disease, joint pain and some cancers. There are several ways to do the surgery with the aim of giving the patient the illusion of fullness with small meals. In one approach, an adjustable band is inserted in a small incision and wrapped around the top of the stomach during the surgery. In another, known as Roux-en-Y, the stomach is closed off near the top, creating a small pouch. But few studies have looked at how the surgery affected health costs in type 2 diabetics. Makary and his colleagues analyzed insurance claims data from 2,235 patients who underwent bariatric surgery during a fouryear period. They found that among the diabetic patients who had bariatric surgery, only 25 percent were taking diabetes medication six months later, and that number kept falling.

A year after surgery, fewer than 20 percent of patients were taking diabetes drugs and two years after surgery, only 15 percent were still

doing so. Healthcare costs per diabetic averaged $6,376 per year in the two years before surgery. The

median cost of the surgery and hospitalization was $29,959. Health costs increased in the year after the study by nearly 10 percent, but then fell by 34 percent in the second year after surgery and by 70.5 percent in the third year. ”Because weight loss following bariatric surgery has been observed to be sustained for decades, we believe that the protective effect against complications of diabetes is also likely to be long-term,” the team wrote. Based on the study, obese patients with diabetes should be told about the risks and benefits of bariatric surgery, and insurance companies should be encouraged to cover weight-loss surgery for appropriate patients, they said. The National Institutes of Health recommends the surgery for someone with a body mass index of at least 40. BMI is equal to weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared. A person 5 feet 5 inches tall with a BMI of 40 would weigh more than 240 pounds (109 kg).


16

THE HAITIAN TIMES

New York Manhattan

August 18 - 24, 2010

COMMUNITYCALENDAR

The dance theater at Harlem will be having a free open audition on Saturday August 21, 2010 at their building located at 466w.152 street. NYC. Community (Saturday) and Pre-professional (afterschool) programs for male and Female beginner to advance level dancers must wear Leotards, tights and ballet slippers; or T-shirt, shorts and socks; and must arrive half hour before scheduled audition. Schedule are as is: 10:00 to 11:00 AM for children of 3 to 6 years of age, 11:00 to 12:00 AM for children of 7 to 9 years of age, 12:00 to 1:00 PM for children of 10 to 14 years of age, and 1:00 to 2:30 PM will be for young adults of 15 to 18 years of age. For the Professional training program arrive half hour before you scheduled audition. Ladies please bring Pointe shoes; this audition will be from 1:00 to 2:30 Pm for people of 18 to 23 years of age. Form more information call: 212-690-2800, fax: 212690-8736 or visit www.dancetheatreofharlem.org -Helen B. Atkinson Health Center National Immunization Awareness Even will be held on Wednesday August 11, 2pm-4pm at its location on 81 W. 115th St New York. August is National Immunization Awareness Month and HBA is offering free immunizations and information. Are you and your family up to date on all your shots? Stop by the center and find out! for more information: Call (212) 426-0088 or email info@chnnyc.org -Community League Health Center at CLOTH's 59th Annual Health & Cultural Festival will offer Free health screenings, safety materials, educational materials. Free food and entertainment on Wednesday August 11, 10AM to 1PM at 159th St btwn. Broadway and Amsterdam. For more Info: Call (212) 781-7979 or email info@chnnyc.org -Lincoln Center Out of Doors continues its schedule of free performances on the plazas of Lincoln Center through August 15.  The 40th annual edition of the festival presents a wide range of music and dance events by dozens of international, U.S. and local artists. For detailed descriptions of the performances and a complete schedule contact Marian Shokan at 212-875-5386 or email mskokan@ lincolnceter.org. -Prevention and Community Health Event at Community League Health Center is hosting an event on thursday August 19 from 11am to 3pm at the Community League Health Center located at 1996 Amsterdam Ave, New York. Free health screenings: HIV counseling & testing, pregnancy testing, blood pressure & diabetes checks. Free mammography (no insurance required, just call to add your name to the list), prevention screening information, face painting, healthy snacks and giveaways will be offered to the public. For More Info: Call (212) 781-7979 or email info@chnnyc.org. - Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will be having mammogram check up every first monday of each month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m in front of the Center located at 81 W. 115th Street, New York. These Mammograms will only be for women ages 40 and older, with or without insurance who are New York City residents. Mobile mammogram

BROOKLYN

The Haitian American Cultural Development Network (HACDEN) will celebrate the 219th anniversary of the Bois Caiman slave uprising under the theme ‘The Slave Path’on Saturday, August 21, 2010 at 5:00 PM at the JOURNAL HAITI LIBERTÉ on 1583 Albany Ave, Brooklyn (Albany Ave & Glenwood Rd). The event will include Poetries from Gordon Blaise, Jean Dumas Gay and Che Souffrant. Music from Michelle Samedy and Linda Lamontagne and the lecturer Reginal Souffrant. The Lecture and discussion will be in Creole. Refreshments will be served. For Information contact (718) 314-8206), or email hacden@yahoo.com.

The Caribbean House Health Center will host the National Health Center Week from Tuesday August 10 to Friday August 13 from 11am to 4pm. Free health screenings on HIV counseling & testing, pregnancy testing, blood pressure & diabetes checks will all be offered. The event will be at the Caribbean House Health Center located on 1167 Nostrand Ave, Brooklyn. For more information call (718) 778-0198 or email info@chnnyc.org or go to www.chnnyc.org.

-NYS HABETAC will be having a special event for Haitian parents and student preparing to meet the challenges after the earthquake on education, immigration, social services, managing stress, loss and other difficulties on Sunday, August 22, 2010 from 3:00 pm to 5:30 pm at St. Joachim and Anne church located at 218-26 105th street, Queens Village. For more information and to confirm your attendance please call (718) 951-4668 or email habetac@brooklyn.cuny.edu.

-A Back to School Health Fair will be held at the Caribbean House Health Center on Tuesday August 31 from 10Am to 3PM on 1167 Nostrand Ave, Brooklyn. Stop by to schedule an appointment for a back to school check-up! Also, free health screenings: HIV counseling & testing, pregnancy testing, blood pressure & diabetes checks. For more information call (718) 778-0198 or email info@ chnnyc.org or go to www.chnnyc.org. closest subway to Caribbean House are the 2 or the 5 train to Winthrop St. (Cross Streets-Between Rutland Rd and Fenimore St).

Queens

unit provided by American Italian Cancer Foundation. To make an Appointment call (212) 426-0088. -The Men's Health Clinic at Helen B. Atkinson Health Center will offer Primary health care services for men in a male-centered environment every first and fourth saturday of every month from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m at the CHN's Helen B. Atkinson Health Center located at 81 W. 115th Street, New York. To Make an Appointment, call (212) 426-0088.

-The United Community Centers, a Brooklyn, New York non-profit, needs your help in spreading the word to garner the public’s vote to become one of five organizations to receive $20,000 in project sponsorship through the Tom’s of Maine’s “50 States for Good” initiative. Focused on grassroots projects that bring positive, lasting change to communities, the “50 States for Good” program also asks organizations to share what their volunteer needs are to help get important projects started or to broaden their reach. If named a winner, United Community Centers will use the funds to expand their healthy living project by implementing a new curriculum that will train the twenty-four youth in their paid internship program to cook nutritious meals using fresh, local produce. Following the training, the young people will take the lead in organizing six Community Meals. For information contact Susan Dewhirst at sdewhirst@tomsofmaine.com or call (207) 467-2406. Goshen Temple of Seven day Adventist Present its Annual Community health EXPO in August 22, 2010 from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm on Woods Place between Church avenue and Erasmus, Brooklyn. Free Dental checks, cholesterol, vision, glucose, weight and blood pressure will be offered. The presentations will include talk about HIV/AIDS, Hypertension, Glucose, Smoking cessation, Cancer( breast, colon, prostate), Hydrotherapy. A session of free clothes will be distributed.

Queens Library, in partnership with the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, invites the community to a free information session on applying for naturalization and U.S. citizenship. It will be held Thursday, August 26, 2010, 6:00-8:00 pm, at the Queens Library at Flushing, 41-17 Main Street near Kissena Boulevard. Topics will include how to obtain, complete, and file the documents to apply for naturalization; the timeline of events in filing the application; what to expect when you appear for an interview and what to bring; the naturalization testing procedure; the naturalization ceremony. A simulated interview will be held so participants have an idea of what to expect. For more information call 718-990-0883. Queens Health Center's 2nd Annual Block Party will be held on Saturday August 14th from 10am to 3pm at the Queens Health Center 97-04 Sutphin Blvd Jamaica, Queens. The day will include a bouncy house, refreshments, a clown, face painting, giveaways, music, NYC Fire Department, info booths of 15 community agencies and FREE health screenings: HIV counseling & testing, pregnancy testing, blood pressure and diabetes checks. For More Info: Call (718) 657-7088 or email info@ chnnyc.org -A $1000 grand prize is being offer to the last Poet standing in a contest sponsored by rainbow fine Arts. Poems of 21 lines or fewer on any subject and any style will be judged by the contest director Dr. Jack Carroll. The contest is free to enter and open to poets of any age. Fifty prizes totaling more the $5,00 will be awarded. Entries must be received by Sept.15, and my be submitted by mail to Free poetry contest, 7308 Heritage Dr., Mt. Vernon, IN 47620 or at www.rainbowpoets.com. those sending entries should include their name and address on the same page as the poem. A winners list will be sent to all entrants. for more information you may contact Dr.Jack Carroll by emailing JC1@mighty.net


August 18 - 24, 2010

BUSINESS

THE HAITIAN TIMES

17

Salmon Industry Won't Give Up SANTIAGO, Chile (IPS/GIN) - The once booming salmon industry in Chile is trying to get back on its feet after the devastating health crisis that cut production in half. But its long-term viability has been called into question. ”Salmon farming expanded quickly, without a regulatory framework or adequate controls to prevent and anticipate environmental problems or the development of transmittable fish diseases,” Carlos Chávez, an expert in environmental economy and natural resources at the University of Concepción, told Tierramérica. Chile is second in the world in farmed salmon, after Norway, and specialises in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), as well as rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). After introducing these exotic species in the 1980s, the industry here grew exponentially until mid-2007, when the infectious salmon anaemia (ISA) virus began to spread through the fish farms in the southern Chilean regions of Los Lagos, Aysén and Magallanes. The virus forced producers to harvest the fish early and shut down operations in order to clear the waters. The fish farms hit bottom in January 2009. According to industry estimates, in 2007 and 2008 Chile produced about 650,000 tonnes, while this year the yield is predicted to be between 250,000 and 300,000 tonnes. Of the 55,000 direct and indirect jobs in the sector during its best times, just 25,000 remain. In 2009, revenues from Chile's salmon exports reached 2.1 billion dollars, according to the National Customs Service. Nearly all the salmon produced in this country is exported. ”The situation is catastrophic -- with former workers losing their homes, and no money to send their children to school or even to eat,” Javier Ugarte, president of the National Confederation of Salmon Workers, told Tierramérica. According to data the National Fisheries Service provided to Tierramérica, in Los Lagos there are 283 fish farms in operation, 186 in Aysén, and 13 in Magallanes. The latest health report from the Service

indicates that just eight farms are believed to currently have the ISA virus. The response to the crisis was a reform of the 1991 Fishing and Aquaculture Law, which entered into force in April of this year to regulate -- among other things -- the permits, operation and duration of the concessions, momentarily putting the brakes on expansion of the industry in some regions. ”It is not an environmental protection law or one that benefits the workers. It's a law to give viability to an industry in crisis, in order to support the salmon farm owners,” said the executive director of the environmental Terram Foundation, Flavia Liberona, who, nevertheless, admitted ”some progress” for the environment and workers. ”In the long term, these reforms may generate better environmental and health conditions, because they provide more regulation and monitoring capacity. But how will it be implemented?” she wondered. Environmentalists and artisanal fishers opposed the reform because it allows the salmon farms to mortgage their concessions in order to obtain bank credits. They warned that this means the ”privatisation” of the sea, a national good that they argue is for public use. The conservative government of President Sebastián Piñera, who took office Mar. 11, is working on the 15 regulations necessary to implement the law, according to José Miguel Burgos, head of the aquaculture division of the Fishing Subsecretariat. For the last year, he said, ”a plan for the rational use of antibiotics” has been under way, which includes the updating of records of these pharmaceuticals, monitoring the factories that incorporate them into fish food, and strengthening regulations. One of the main criticisms of the industry has been its excessive and unregulated application of antibiotics. ”The density of salmon permitted per cage has been regulated,” and by the end of the year there will be rules ”that establish appropriate safety standards for those structures,” added Burgos. The aim is to prevent a massive escape of the farmed

Cages of farmed salmon at Llanquihue Lakes in Southern Chile. (Credit: Copyright WWF/Rodrigo Sandoval)

fish, which otherwise could turn into predators of native fish species. The official also noted that experts are measuring the capacity of the ecosystems to absorb the waste from the fish food and discharge from salmon production in the Reloncaví estuary. Other diseases affect the industry as well, including the Caligus rogercresseyi parasite and rickettsial salmonid syndrome, of bacterial origin, which Burgos assured would be under control by the end of the year. But there is also fear that a disease of the salmon pancreas will appear -- another aggressive virus. The salmon farm owners say they have gone through a ”self-critical” process and voluntarily adopted stricter standards. However, the Salmon Industry Association (SalmónChile), declined to respond to Tierramérica's inquiries. ”The industry is not going to survive if it doesn't incorporate biotechnological tools,” Rodrigo Vidal, an expert with the University of Santiago, told Tierramérica. Working with other scientists, he obtained public funds to create an Aquaculture Biotechnology Centre, with plans to continue

developing genome-based instruments to evaluate the sector. Vidal is a member of the scientific committee created in 2009 by Canada, Chile and Norway to sequence the Atlantic salmon genome by 2012. ”Are we prepared as a nation to take advantage of the salmon genome, considering that we have Norway as a direct competitor, and is light-years ahead of us in biotechnology?” wondered Vidal, who says the ”genome key” is essential for better production, lowering costs and avoiding overexploitation of ecosystems. In his opinion, this national project is almost unknown, and he has called for immediately improving public-private coordination to put environmental sustainability ahead of economic interests so that salmon farming does not ”mortgage the future.” But according to Liberona, of the Terram Foundation, instead of focusing on an industry that was flawed from the beginning, what is needed is ”a real public policy for the Chilean coast,” to coordinate and promote various productive activities, based on research and citizen participation.

it harder for honest local people to buy a home. Mortgage fraud takes many forms, but a well-organized scam frequently involves a limited liability company (LLC) or a ”straw buyer.” In this scheme, fraudsters use a fake identity or that of someone else who allows them to use their credit status in return for a fee. The seller pockets the money the buyer borrows from a lender to pay for the home. The buyer never makes a mortgage payment and the property goes into foreclosure. In other words, the money simply disappears, leaving the lender with a large loss. Since the U.S. government is now backing much of the mortgage market in the absence of private investors, that means ”taxpayers are ultimately on the hook for fraud,” said Ann Fulmer, vice president of business relations at fraud-prevention company

Interthinx. Back of the Yards was hit by fraud during the housing boom and Carrasquillo says the glut of foreclosures is now making it easier for scammers to pick up properties for a song and flip them for phenomenal profits. Drug dealers and gang members have taken over abandoned houses, many adorned with spray-painted gang signs. Prior to touring the area, Carrasquillo attached two magnetic signs touting the NHS logos on his minivan's doors to show he is not a police officer. He said he also prefers touring in the morning, as drug dealers and ”gangbangers” tend not to be early risers. ”These properties are just going to sit there, boarded up, broken into and a magnet for crime,” he said. ”And that makes our job of trying to stabilize this neighborhood so much harder.”

Mortgage Fraud Booming Across US The house on the 53rd block of South Wood Street in Chicago's Back of the Yards doesn't look like a $355,000 home. There is no front door and most of the windows are boarded up. Public records show it sold in foreclosure for $25,500 in January 2009, then resold for $355,000 in October. In between, a $110,000 mortgage was taken out on the home, supposedly for renovations. This June, the property went back into foreclosure. To Emilio Carrasquillo, head of the local office of non-profit lender Neighborhood Housing Services of Chicago (NHS), the numbers don't add up. He believes this is a case of mortgage fraud. It may not make the blood boil like murder or rape, but mortgage fraud is a crime that cost an estimated $14 billion in 2009

and could be hampering an already fragile recovery in the housing market. The FBI has been fighting back, assembling its largest ever team to fight it. They have their work cut out for them, though, as a tsunami of foreclosures is making classic scams easier and spawning new ones to boot. ”There's no way any property in this neighborhood should sell for that kind of money,” said Carrasquillo, standing outside the house on Wood Street in this poor, predominantly black area of Chicago's South Side. ”Even if it was in great condition.” Carrasquillo has identified a number of properties in Back of the Yards that sold for between $5,000 and $30,000 last year and then came back on the market for up to $385,000. He said property prices are being artificially inflated, allowing fraudsters to walk away with vast profits and making


18 8

THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

Haitian Artist Euvodie Volmart Shines in Denmark

Compiled by Ralph Delly

Haitian artist Euvodie Volman ended her Denmark tour on a high note closing with a sensational exhibit. After a successful leg in Haiti and Cuba late last year, the artist resumed her international tour last month, making waves in some ten cities across Denmark. The crowd was highly responsive at each venue and one could see that they were visibly tuned in, looking at Euvodie’s work and really enjoying themselves.” The exhibition will feature selections from artists around the world that were on display from July 26 to August 3. Euvodie’s presentation included works in various mediums of painting, and sculpture. Her works represent trends in historic non-conformist art as well as traditional mediums in Haitian art. She was invited to another exhibit in November.

System Band Fired Their Manager Luc Mervil is in Haiti to Launch “Vilaj Vilaj

Haitian-Canadian artist Luc Mervil arrived in Haiti last Sunday to launch the most ambitious project “Vilaj Vilaj” Mervil left the Center for International Cooperation as the spokesperson to focus on the first word village in Haiti that will build 5,000 houses. The houses will be built with cargo containers, and the project will start in Haiti’s second largest city, Cap Haitien. The cost for Vilaj Vilaj project hovers around $25 million.

MAYER Morissette Eyeing December for First Album

It's been over five years since Mayer Morissette came under his own flag to bring the world a fresh crop of releases and events featuring some of the best names in Compas and R&B music. Now, completely drenched in the necessary musical know-how and all-around experience, the singer has finally crafted its first album under the name “Ready for Love”, which is his single from the album that is comprised of seven tracks of dance music forged and refined over the years. Mayer spent on the road throughout the U.S. and will be released in December. Mayer has been described as having “an unbelievably smooth and rounded voice, evocative of Brian McKnight, Luther Vandross, Eric Benet and Boyz II Men yet with his own unique tone and style”. His songs are always moving and poignant, in the sense of vulnerability and sensitivity. He has performed musically at BB king House of Blues, Carnegie Hall, Joe's Pub and most recently, Webster Hall.

TOP 10 SONGS

1. Trankil - Pouki 2. Alan Cave - YERESWA 3. Kreyol La - vagabon 4 life 4. Harmonik - Obsede 5. ZIN - Pi Red 6. Top Vice - Let' s make love t... 7. Tina and Richard Cave - A Tes Cotes 8. Teeyah - Je T'aime Je T'aim... 9. Princess Lover - Tu kiffes ça 10. Magic System - 1er Gaou To send in your request, log on to haitinetradio.com

Courtesy of Haitinetradio.com

System Band has parted ways with their long time manager Marc-Arthur Chevalier amid rumors he was responsible for a number of problems in the band. Recent reports suggested that Chevalier's involvement in the band’s finance refused a meet-and-greet with the band, as promised. According to Lucien Cerant, MarcArthur has stolen System Band money and that the musicians did not get paid for the last cruise they have in Florida.

Jean Paul Pascal is Still Champion

WBC light heavyweight champion Jean Pascal of Canada out-hustled visiting southpaw WBC interim titlist Chad Dawson of New Haven, Conn., in Saturday night's HBO-televised bout on the way to an 11th-round, technical decision victory before Pascal's screaming hometown fans at Bell Centre in Montreal, Quebec. The fight went to the scorecards after Dawson suffered a deep cut that streamed blood from over his right eye from a clash of heads in the 11th round, this after Dawson had hurt Pascal badly following a searing series of about 50 unanswered punches that were exclusive of a subsequent left uppercut that stopped Pascal in his tracks. ”Listen, I'm the boss in town. Right now, I'm one of the best in the world. And if Lucian Bute wants to fight me, then he has to challenge me,” said Pascal. ”I want the best in the world, I want to prove that I'm one of the best. I'm Jean Pascal, and I'm about to invade America.”

D’ZINE is Planning a Comeback

After skyrocketing to the top of the Haitian charts with several albums, D’ZINE is set to embark on a comeback. But before they can step onstage and wow the crowds , they've got to practice, practice, practice. Yes, even though it seems like most musicians are living well, the pressure is still on. It's going to be as hard on them as ever. According to reliable sources, Felder Antoine will be the band leader, and will be joined by Delly Francois, Zagalo, Wesner, and Ti Harold. They are in the studio working on a single before they start playing again.


ART&CULTURE

August 18 - 24, 2010

THE HAITIAN TIMES

19

Theatre Group Explores A Muslim’s Life In New York NEW YORK (IPS/GIN) - A woman waits on a subway platform, head bowed, pretending to ignore the insults. Perched on bar stools, a group of friends listen to racist jokes, suppressing giggles. Kneeling, a young war veteran tells his fiancée of his decision to return to combat. Two men wait expectantly at a job interview. An old man and a young graffiti artist sit together on a bench, discussing the power of language. All of these scenes are woven together with a common thread: what it means to be Muslim in New York, nine years after the events of Sept. 11, 2001. The performance, which has been staged in churches, schools, and community centres more than a dozen times throughout the city, is called ”Under the Veil: Being Muslim (and Non- Muslim) in America, post 9/11.” It is the creation of the TE'A Project, a collaborative undertaking that combines storytelling, theatrical performance, and facilitated dialogue in an effort to create shared understanding and lasting social change. TE'A, which stands for Theatre, Engagement, and Action, is the brainchild of Radha Kramer, an indefatigable woman whose eyes sparkle when she speaks of the philosophy behind the project: an academic theory called the Insight Approach, pioneered by the twentieth-century philosopher-theologian Bernard Lonergan. Lonergan's theory, Kramer told IPS, is based on an idea essential to conflict resolution techniques: that by achieving insight into the experience of others, we can learn to empathise and thereby create opportunities for relating to one another that transcend social and cultural boundaries. ”The insight is where the conversation begins,” Kramer told IPS, ”because once you have an insight into yourself, or someone else, you're forever changed.” ”The entire TE'A process itself is an insight-generating mechanism,” she said. In fact, performances like ”Under the Veil” are the culmination of a months-long process

that begins and ends not in the mind of a director or playwright, but in the surrounding community. The TE'A process begins by gathering a group of artists together to discuss what social issues are most important to them. When a consensus on one topic is reached, the company goes into their community to speak to people about their thoughts on and experiences with the issue. After several months and dozens of interviews and discussions, the artists come together to create a theatrical performance representing the voices of those they have spoken with. The piece is then presented to the community, after which a facilitated dialogue begins. The idea, Kramer explained, is about presenting complicated social issues in a protected, non-threatening space. ”You take this theatrical performance piece that's ripe with all these issues - conflicts, complex relationships - and you put it on stage so the audience can be part of that world and engaged in those relationships without being threatened by it,” she said. By engaging the audience in this way, she explained, the opportunity for insight is created. ”When you have a significant insight, like 'oh, the woman who's wearing that hijab over there might not be the person I've assumed her to be,' it opens up a new realm of curiosity: who is she?” The flagship TE'A production of ”Under the Veil” began development last January and was first presented in May of 2009. The topic of being Muslim in a post-9/11 environment was unanimously chosen by TE'A company members. ”There's all this stuff being churned out, and no one is talking about it,” Kramer said, remembering the impetus for the choice, ”No one's asking Muslims in New York, 'What's going on? How are you feeling? What decisions have you made since 9/11? Who have you become? Who do you wish you could be?'” The result of asking these questions,

”UTV” at Madison Ave Baptist Church, July 2010

Kramer said, was a portrait of diverse voices within the Muslim community. Interestingly enough, none of the five TE'A Project cast members currently performing ”Under the Veil” are themselves Muslim. When asked about this seeming discrepancy between subject and presenter, Kramer responded thoughtfully. ”That's the beauty of art and theatre,” she explained. ”We can tell each others' stories. If only Jews can tell Jewish stories, and only African-Americans can tell AfricanAmerican stories, then where are we? The whole point of TE'A is to say 'I care about your story.' And it's not just your story; it's our story.” In addition to ongoing performances of ”Under the Veil”, TE'A is working with university students in Washington, D.C., to create a theatrical piece about the experiences

Photo by Hannah Rubenstein

of young, female, Muslim college students in the nation's capitol that will be presented to universities during a winter tour. Kramer urged communities to participate in the process of sharing dialogue about sensitive issues. ”We live in a world of meaning,” she said. ”We're always making decisions, not only about our actions, but about who we are… It happens so quickly that we barely ever get time to stop and think about the decisions we're making.” Engaging in the collaborative TE'A process, she explained, is crucial to affecting positive social change. ”Coming to a performance gives you breathing room, time to sit back and reflect on the ways in which we've all been making decisions and if that's how we want to continue,” she said. ”The resounding thing that audiences say is 'People should see this play.'”

Spike Lee Film Looks at New Orleans Five Years Later Five years ago, Hurricane Katrina swept infants out of their mothers' arms, filled whole neighborhoods with dirty water, flooded schools and hospitals and turned New Orleans into a byword for disaster. What happened next? The question is at the heart of Emmy Award-winner Spike Lee's new film ”If God is Willing and Da Creek Don't Rise”, a two-part, four-hour documentary on New Orleans and the Gulf coast set to haunting music. It will debut on the HBO network on August 23 and 24, just days before the fifth anniversary of the storm that killed more than 1,800 people, caused billions of dollars of damage to the Gulf coast and tarred President George W. Bush with accusations of failure to mount a swift rescue effort. The film is a sequel to ”When

the Levees Broke: A Requiem in Four Acts”, a 2006 film showered with awards and praised for the raw drama of its depiction of the storm and its aftermath. ”The story wasn't done at the end of ”When the Levees Broke” and the story's still not done at the end of ”If God is Willing and Da Creek Don't Rise,” Lee told Reuters. ”We wanted (the second film) to continue the story, which is a great part of America's history,” he said. Lee, an Academy Award nominee, is famous for movies such as ”Do the Right Thing” about race relations in America and for characters whose dialogue is so sharp it sounds like it could not have been scripted in advance. A theme that emerges in the second film is how victims of the storm have overcome their pain to build better lives.

One woman displaced to rural Utah by the storm wrestles with her dislocation from New Orleans, the city of her birth. A mother whose five-year-old daughter drowned when the city flooded is now training as a nurse. But the new life she builds for herself and her sons is lived in the shadow of what happened. ”People are just trying to survive, trying to get by, trying to get their lives back in order. Some people have made more progress than others,” Lee said. Superbowl, Oil Spill Yet the film's ambition is not simply to show individual struggle but to set events in New Orleans in a historical context. One section makes a comparison between New Orleans and Haiti after its January earthquake, following actor Sean Penn's philanthropic efforts on the Gulf coast

and in Port-au-Prince, the Haitian capital. ”If God is Willing” also focuses on three recent events to pinpoint how the city has moved on: the election of mayor Mitch Landrieu, the Saints victory at the 2010 National Football League Super Bowl and, most of all, the Gulf oil spill. Lee began filming in February and wrapped production before April 20, when an explosion and fire on a BP Plc rig in the Gulf of Mexico triggered the worst oil spill in U.S. history. He said the spill forced him to ”reconfigure everything”. New Orleans is the home to many companies involved in offshore drilling and the Gulf coast south of the city is home to a multi-billion dollar seafood industry. ”People are still angry (about

the storm). But the anger (over the spill) is directed mostly at BP. People are furious at BP,” Lee said. By contrast, ”When the Levees Broke” crystallized the rage of citizens toward the federal government. Michael Brown, who was vilified in the first film as the inept head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, makes a surprising appearance in ”If God is Willing” to defend his record. Lee said Brown was wrongly made a ”scapegoat” for the government's poor response to the storm. The director added that the election of Barack Obama as president in 2008 had not changed America fundamentally when it comes to race. ”Race in the country has not changed just because Obama is in the White House. It's that simple,” Lee said.


20

THE HAITIAN TIMES

Cocktail Corner Manhattan Ingredients • 2 ounces (1/4 cup) rye whiskey or bourbon • 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) sweet red vermouth • 2 dashes bitters • 1 cup ice • Maraschino cherry, for garnish Directions 1. Combine rye whiskey or bourbon, sweet red vermouth, bitters, and ice in a cocktail shaker; shake well. Strain into a chilled martini glass. Garnish with a maraschino cherry.  

Sidecar Ingredients Serves 2 • 6 tablespoons sugar, plus more for glasses • Juice of 4 limes, plus 2 wedges for glasses and twists for garnish • 6 tablespoons boiling water • 1/2 cup brandy • 3 tablespoons Cointreau • Ice cubes Directions 1. Place sugar in a saucer. Moisten the rim of a martini glass using a lime wedge. Dip rim in sugar; repeat with second glass. Set aside. 2. In a cocktail shaker, stir together sugar and water until sugar is dissolved. Stir in brandy, Cointreau, and lime juice. Fill with ice cubes, and shake well. Strain into prepared glasses, and serve with a lime twist.    

August 18 - 24, 2010

Food Survey Shows Changing Shopping Habits Consumers are not only very aware of food safety issues, they have significantly changed their shopping habits because of them. Similar patterns are evident among food industry professionals - manufacturers, distributors, retailers - a majority of whom have, in the past five years, changed their business practices to adapt to concerns about the safety of food products. These and other findings are contained in ”Food Safety Certification: A Study of Food Safety in the U.S. Supply Chain” sponsored by DNV. Data was generated from online surveys of more than 400 consumers and 73 food companies under the management of Michigan State University. ”Nearly half of the consumers we surveyed expressed a change in shopping patterns because of food safety,” says Dr. Chris Peterson, director of the Product Center at MSU. ”It is interesting and important to note that higher price alone, is not a direct signal of safer food. Even brand name recognition is not the most powerful indicator of safety.” What Signifies ”Safe”? ”Common sense tell us that people expect safe food, but we wanted to know more about how stakeholders, including consumers,, react to different signals of quality and safety,” says Kathy Wybourn, director of food safety solutions for DNV. ”That's crucial if we, as an industry, are going to create unified solutions, and improve the delivery of safer products to the stores and onto the tables of consumers.” According to this new study, U.S. consumers want to see evidence on product labels, that the food they are buying has passed some kind of independent safety certification process. Moreover, slightly more than one-third of consumers indicate a willingness to pay a premium, upwards of 30 percent more, for products with a safety certification label. Food industry professionals also value third-party certification but place a higher emphasis on ”traceability”.

”As much as any other product in our modern lives, food comes from a very complex and interconnected supply chain,” says Dr. Peterson. ”When there is a salmonella outbreak, or some other food-borne safety threat, the immediate priority is to trace the source of the problem. It's sort of the 9-1-1 mechanism of food safety. So we are not surprised that industry professionals place more emphasis on traceability, while consumers want to see certification on product labels. These are the marketbased food safety processes. Consumers still see mandatory inspection by government as the most credible signal of food safety, with certification and traceability coming in a close second and third.” Other key findings of the survey include: - When it comes to ”sustainability,” food suppliers and consumers believe that recycling, social justice, ”green” practices, economic viability and animal welfare are important, but the most important attribute is safer and healthier food. - Consumers have particular concern about domestic meat products, and in general, all products coming from international sources. - A significant number of food suppliers are moving to implement certification audits primarily as a risk management tool; in general food suppliers see a need for lower cost of implementation, and a more consolidated/harmonized set of standards for third-party food safety certification. About MSU The MSU Product Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources (ANR) was established in 2003 to support the development of high value, consumerresponsive products and businesses in the food, agriculture and bioeconomy sectors. The Center works with entrepreneurs and established companies, providing varied technical expertise, research, outreach, and educational services. The Center has offices located on Michigan State University's campus in East Lansing.

to The Haitian Times For more information visit

www.haitiantimes.com


August 18 -2-8, 24, 2009 2010 December

HTCLASSIFIEDS To an ad ad in in THE THE CLASSIFIEDS Section, call call(718) (718)230 230 ——8700 8700 To place place an CLASSIFIEDS Section,

LEGAL NOTICE LEGAL NOTICE

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEWOF YORK COUNTY OF NOTICE FORMATION KINGS No.:COMPANY. 09-25771 LIMITED Index LIABILITY Filed: 7/23/10 BAC Home Loans NAME: 2865 CONEY ISLAND Servicing, fka Articles Countrywide AVENUE LPLLC. of home loans Servicing Plaintiff, Organization were LP, filed with -againstSUPPLEMENTAL the Secretary of State of New SUMMONS designates York (SSNY)Plaintiff on 12/14/05. Kings County as the place of trial. The latest date of dissolution is Venue is based upon thelocation: County 12/31/2045.Office Kings County. SSNY has been in which the mortgaged premises designated is situated. as agent of the LLC upon whom against Marie Judith process Cadot, Francois it mayif beliving served. Leon, and SSNY if anyshall be mail aany copy the dead, andofallprocess personstowho LLC, spouses, c/o Stuart Goldstein, 150 are widows, grantees, Great Neck Rd., Great Neck, mortgagees, lienors, heirs, New York 11021, which is also devisees, distributees or the registered agentofaddress. successors in interest such of Purpose: lawful the above asFor many any be dead, and purpose. their spouses, heirs, devisees, distributees and successors in interest, all of whom and whose Articlesandofplaces Organization names of residencefiled are with the SSNY on 6/25/09 for unknown to plaintiff, First Select SAINTWELL Inc., North WEALTH-BUILDING American Capital AND INFORMATION CENTER, Corp., Clover Commercial Corp., LLC, 1405 Brooklyn Ave 6G, New York City Environmental Brooklyn NY 11210. Control Board, New York City Parking Violations Bureau, New York City Transit Adjudication NOTICEUnited OF FORMATION OF Bureau, States of America –LIMITED InternalLIABILITY Revenue COMPAGNY. Service, New NAME : 754 GRAND STREET, York State Department of Taxation LLC. Finance, Articles of Organization and were filed with the Secretary Defendants. of State of New York (SSNY) on 09/10/09. The latest date TO THE ABOVE NAMED of dissolution is 12/31/2050. DEFENDANT(S): YOU ARE Office location: Kingsto County. HEREBY SUMMONED answer SSNY has been designated as the complaint in this action and agent of the LLC upon whom to serve a copy of your Answer process against is it not may be or, if the Complaint served served. SSNY shall mail a copy with this Summons, to serve a of process to the LLC, 220 Notice of Appearance on the Montauk Street, Valley Stream, attorneys for the plaintiff within New York 11580. Purpose: For twenty (20) days after service any lawful purpose. of this summons, exclusive of the day of service (or within thirty (30) days service is NOTICE OF after FORMATION complete this Pkwy., summons not of 6715 ifBay LLCis Art. personally delivered to you of Org filed Sec’y of within State the State of11/2/09. Ney York). In case of (SSNY) Office your failure to appear or answer, location: Kings County. SSNY judgment willasbe agent taken of against designated LLC you default for against the reliefit upon by whom process demanded in the Complaint. may be served. SSNY shall NOTICE NATUREto c/o OF mail copy OF of process ACTION DomenicoAND andRELIEF Anna SOUGHT Aulisa, 24 THE OBJECT of theBrooklyn, above Bayridge Parkway, captioned is toany foreclose NY 11209action Purpose: lawful a Mortgage to secure $ activities. 143,252.00 and interest, recorded in the office of the clerk of the County Kings on April Notice of offormation of 18, in Reel 3499, LLC 1995 ALWAYS AT page SEA 143 covering premises known PRODUCTIONS, LLC128 St. as 1359East93rdstreet, Brooklyn, Marks Avenue Brooklyn, NY NY 11236, which was modified 11217. pursuant to a Loan Modification Agreement creating a single lien in the amount of $131,147.33. Notice of Formation of Golden The relief LLC, sought 88 Realty Art.inof the Org.within filed action is a (SSNY) final 10/8/09. Judgment Sec'y of State directing the sale of the premises Office location: Kings County. described above toassatisfy SSNY designated agent the of dept secured byprocess the Mortgage LLC upon whom against described it may beabove. served. SSNY shall NOTICE YOU ARE IN DANGER mail copy of process to 6820 OF LOSING HOME NY 15th Ave.,YOUR Brooklyn, 11219. Purpose: any lawful activities.

If you do not respond to this adoption summons and complaint by serving a copy of the answer A the BABY IS for OUR DREAM: on attorney the mortgage We're Lori who & Steve, a loving company filed this couple who's longing to foreclosure proceeding against adopt! about you. you and We fillingcare the answer with Please call a 1-800-982-3678. the court, default judgment may be entered Expenses paid.and you can lose your home. Speak to anWanted attorney or go to the autos court where your case is pending for further information how to DONATE VEHICLE: on RECEIVE answer summons COUPON. and protect $1000the GROCERY your property. NOAH'S ARC SUPPORT NO Sending a payment to your KILL SHELTERS, RESEARCH mortgage company will not stop TO foreclosure ADVANCE VETERINARY this action. TREATMENTS YOU MUST RESPONDFREE BY TOWING,ATAX DEDUCTIBLE, SERVING COPY OF THE NON-RUNNERS ANSWER ON THE ACCEPTED ATTORNEY 1-866-912-GIVE FOR THE PLAINTIFF (MORTGAGE COMPANY) AND FILING ANSWER WITH THE COURT. Business oppoRtunity Date: Bay Shore, New York April 22, 2010 By: Samuel J. ALL CASH Reichel, esq. VENDING. Do you earn $800 in a day? Frenkel, Lambert, Weiss, Your own&local candy Weisman Gordon, LLP route. Includes for 25Plaintiff Machines and Attorneys Candy. 20 West Main Street All Shore, for New $9,995.888-771Bay York 11706 3496969-3100 (631) Our file No.: 01-033725-F00

Help Wanted AIRLINES ARE HIRING- Train NOTICE FORMATION OF for highOF paying Aviation LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY. Maintenance Career. FAA NAME: 482 FRANKLIN approved program. Financial AVE LLC. Articles of aid REALTY if qualifiedHousing Organization with the Available. were CALLfiledAviation Secretary of New York Institute ofofStateMaintenance (SSNY) on 04/26/10. Office (888)349-5387 location: Kings County. SSNY has been designated as agent of the LLC upon whom process against it land may be served. SSNY shall mail aNC copy of process ClOSEOUT to the LLC, MOUNTAINS 571 E. New York Avenue, Office SALE! Cabin shell, 2+ acres B, Brooklyn, New York 11225. with great view, very private, Purpose: For any lawful purpose. big trees,waterfalls & large public lake nearby, $99,500 Bank financing. 866-2750442 RIDGEWOOD HOLDINGS, LLC a domestic Limited Liability lots &(LLC), acReage Company filed with the Sec of State of NY on 6/2/10. NY ABANDONED NY Office location: UPSTATE Kings County. FARM!is 10 acres- $26,900 SSNY designated as agent Adjoins Stateprocess Land, against views, upon whom mowed fields, the LLC may be woods, served. apple SSNY trees,mail lotsaofcopy deer! Call shall of Terms! any process now! 877-856-0882 against the LLC served upon him/ her to The LLC, 312 Suydam St., Brooklyn, NY 11237. General Miscellaneous Purposes. ATTEND COLLEGE ONLINE from home. *Medical, *Business, *Paralegal, NOTICE OF SALE *Criminal SUPREME *Accounting, COURT: NYCTL Justice.KINGS JobCOUNTY. placement 2004-A TRUST AND Computer THE BANK assistance OF NEW YORK, AS COLLATERAL available. Financial Aid if AGENT AND FOR qualified. CallCUSTODIAN 888-201-8657 THE NYCTL 2004-A TRUST, www.CenturaOnline.com Plaintiff(s) vs. JORGE PACHECO, et al, Defendant(s) Attorney (s) for Plaintiff (s): ROSICKI, Misc foR sale ROSICKI

New italian Leather Living Room Set. Orig. $3000 JWGF ENTERPRISES LLC, Steal for $699* Solid Wood a domestic Limited Liability Captain Stirage Bedroom Company (LLC) filed with Newthe InRoad Box to College Helping to Navigate the Sec of State of NY on Orig. $2,800 Steal $699* C OMPREHENSIVE C OLLEGE P LANNING , C OUNSELING AND Sfor UPPORT 10/23/09. NY Office Call 718-499-4499

College Connection

location: KingsCollege County. SSNY Matching • Admission Strategies • Application Enhancement is designated as agent upon Essay Development • Scholarship and Financial Aid Sourcing whom process against the LLC Misc foR sale Customized Plans may be served. SSNY shall for Every Student and Any Budget mail a copy of any process 5 1 6 - 3CHERRY 4 5 - 8 7BEDROOM 66 SET. against the LLC servedwww.collegeconnect.info upon Solid Wood, never used, him/her to Richard Gordon, Success Without Stress — Free Telephone Consultation brand new in factory boxes. 291 Warren St., Brooklyn, NY English Dovetail. Original 11201. General Purposes

cost $4500. Sell for $749.

& ASSOCIATES, P.C., 51 E. Can deliver.Road, 917-731-0425 Bethpage Plainview New York 11803 516-741ITALIAN LEATHER LIVING 2585. Pursuant to judgment of ROOM SET and in original plastic, foreclosure sale entered never used. Original price herein on or about October $3,000, Bill 7, 2009, sacrifice I will sell$975. at Public 347-328-0651 Auction to the highest bidder at in room 274 at the Kings Real estate County Supreme Court, 360 Adams Street, Brooklyn, New Smithville, NJ -55+ York. On August 5, FOUR 2010 SEASONS-Large MULBURY at 3:00 PM Premises known Model, handicap acceddible, as 6 BRIGHTON 7TH LANE, 2 sunrooms, lot. Brooklyn, New premium York 11235 Near AC andLot: shore. Owner Block: 08667 0784. As more particularly in financing 3%. described 609-748the judgment of foreclosure and 2988 609-335-5124 sale. Sold subject to all of the terms andNArrowsburg! conditions contained Upstate 27+/in said judgment terms of Acres Private, and Secluded, sale. of Fields,Approximate Woods amount Views, judgment $22,619.82 plus Excellent HUnting, Camping interest and costs. INDEX NO. and Four Wheeling. Accessed 13447/2005 S. Miller, by 3,000 Ft.Lorraine Right-Of-Way, Esq., REFEREE Asking $150,000 #10764 www.eaglevalleyrealty.com 845-252-3085

CLASSIFIEDS FLORIDA DOCKABLE LAKEFRONT! Developer Must Sell! was $350,000, NOW ADOPTION $149,900. Land sales are booming! Own dockable PREGNANT?† Need help?† NY lakefront agency acreageoffers on FREE one Adoption of Florida's top recreational supportive counseling/ financial lakes- at price well below cost. assistance.† Choose a loving ALL infrastructure family for your baby.†completed! Joy: 1-866922-3678.† Forever Families Prime location90 minutes Through Disney.Adoption. Financing. These bargains wonít last! Call Anow Truly 866-352-2249 happy couple with so www. much love to give wishes to share FLlanddeal.com our blessings with a precious newborn. Please call Michael and Eileen to 1-877-955-8355 Wanted Buy babyformichaelandeileen.com WE BUY ANYTHING OLD. Adoption: you looking for Costume Are Jewelry, fountain the bestold home for yourworld baby?fair A pens, watches, childless, lovingitems. womanCigarette wishes to and military adopt newborn. Financially lighters; anything gold.secure Call and close, extended family. Legal Mike 718-204-1402. and confidential. Expenses paid. Please callALisa at 1-866-855-2166 little ad travels far. Adoption: parents ReachLoving out to NYC,and their 9 year old adopted daughter Miami, would love a baby brother or sister. Boston Stay at home mom,and professional Caribbean withcall dad.the Expenses paid. Please Becky/ The Mike 800-472-1835 Haitian

Commercial Real Estate NOTICE OF FORMATION OF Auction Dec. 5. Margaretville/ LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY. Arkville, Catskills. 18,000 NAME: STATE 51 REALTY LLC. sf bldg,of2.5 ac. 845 586Articles Organization were 1234,with theoldbatfactory.com filed the Secretary of Times. married couple State of New York (SSNY) on ADOPT: A happily 05/18/10. Office location: have room in our loving hearts and Kings County. SSNY has been home for your newborn. Expenses out of asstate designated agent ofland the LLC paid. Please call Debra & George foRwhom sale upon process against it at (877)732-0291 (718) 230–8700 may be served. SSNY shall mail a copy of process to the AUTOS LLC, Post Offce Box 150217, CAR TROUBLES? 100% of Brooklyn, New York 11215. Purpose: For any COVERED Repairs PAID! 130,000 miles or less. 24hr Roadside lawful purpose. Assistance/ Coverage. to the Outreach Center “CarTowning for Kidsâ€? Program Rental. Car Reimbursement. Free Free Pick-up and Tow Quote 888-364-1680 . Any Model or Condition Hurry and Donate Now to AUTOS WANTED Notice of formatlon ofYear End Receive Your IRS Tax Deduction LLC.  HelpName: Kids in NeedRaquelle, LLC. Articles of Organization filed with  Secretary of State of New DONATE VEHICLE: RECEIVE York (SSNY), Kings County, on $1000 GROCERY COUPON. 1/22/2010.   SSNY has been NOAH'S ARC SUPPORT NO SHELTERS, RESEARCH designated as agent of LLC upon KILL whom process against it may TO ADVANCE VETERINARY be served  and shall mail any TREATMENTS FREE TOWING, TAX uy a W such process to:  Raquelle, LLC DEDUCTIBLE, weBNON-RUNNERS ’ll upg eekend & ra 30 Bayard  St., #4E, Brooklyn, ACCEPTED 1-866-912-GIVE de you to a NY 11211. Purpose: Any Lawful ď€ BUILDINGS FOR Purpose. SALEď€ ď€ƒď€€

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HEALTH&BEAUTY

THE HAITIAN TIMES

A BETTER YOU

August 18 - 24, 2010

BY ONYI

NWOSU

Are You That Smelly Guy? You know the smell. You notice it when you get on the subway or walk by an alley or that certain bench in the park. You look around to see if the person is still around. Most of the time they’re not, but you can tell they were there recently by their scent. Homeless people have that certain smell about them. Their unfortunate situations make it so that their scent may be the last thing they think about and make it so that we tolerate that scent. But then there’s that guy at work or your neighbor or one of your teachers or one of your students or, worse yet, one of your friends. When they come around you hold your breath or take a step back. You don’t let them get too close because their scent is bad. When they walk away that scent lingers. Even if they just walk by you get a huge whiff of that scent. Everyone has a scent for better or for worse. They scent comes from the most dominant smell on their person. For some people it’s as simple as what perfume they wear. It could be the shampoo or conditioner you use. It could be that you burn your eggs every morning and smell like burnt eggs. It could be that you don’t wear deodorant and smell like body odor. Like it or not people smell you. Some people make it a point to create their smell. They’ve gone out and selected a perfume or cologne that they feel

Aquarius

Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

You'll be in a hurry to accomplish a goal on Monday, but you'd be wise to wait before pushing ahead in this venture. On Thursday the Moon is quincunx Neptune in your sector of self. You'll see only what you want to see in a certain situation and that isn't good. If you don't face the facts, the consequences will be severe. Live in the real world this week. Your sixth sense will be on target on Sunday. Follow your hunches.

Pisces

Feb. 20 - March 19

You'll be ready to change your tempo this week, Pisces. You've been stuck in a rut for too long. On Monday the New Moon takes place in your zone of daily activities. You'll jazz up your regular routine. Restless feelings may overwhelm you as erratic Uranus enters Pisces on Friday. You'll find it hard to sit still and it won't be easy to concentrate. A friend will be downcast on Sunday. You can sympathize with your associate and still enjoy life.

expresses them or who they want to be. Or they may wear scented oils that not only smell good, but also give off good vibes. Some people smell so good that people buy perfume to smell like them! Then there’s the other end of the spectrum-- people who unconsciously just smell bad. I say unconsciously only because I would hope that people to go out of their way to smell bad. Now the problem with these people is that they don’t know that they smell bad because no one has told them...let me rephrase...the right people have not told them. Or maybe they know they smell bad but no one ... I mean.... the right people haven’t told them it’s a problem. The scent of a smelly person can have so many different causes. I could be as simple as not wearing deodorant. It could be something unavoidable like working in a fish market. It could be that their house

Aries

March 20 - April 18

Grab hold of your motivation level and give it a big boost! On Monday the New Moon activates a new plan. Harness the positive energy surrounding you. You'll receive a second chance to resolve a pressing issue on Friday. You'll breathe more easily once you deal with this matter. The Universe will give you a preview of what your life could become on Sunday. Does the vision please or displease you? Remember, you still have time to alter your lifestyle

Taurus

April 19 - May 20

You can't control every aspect of your life, Taurus. On Tuesday your ruler Venus squares Pluto and you'll encounter an event that isn't easily managed. Call on your inner resources. On Friday a little white lie may be necessary in order to spare an associate's feelings. Be prepared to sugarcoat your words to this person. You'll want answers to a pressing family matter on Saturday. Don't let your relative ignore your inquiries. You have a vital interest in this matter.

Gemini

May 21 - June 20

Gemini, you'll experience some anxious moments on Wednesday, and you'll fret more than usual. You may go through a list of reasons why your life isn't working properly. Don't sweat the small stuff. Your inspiration level will soar as the Moon in clever Libra enters your zone of creativity on Thursday. Listen to your inner muse. An unexpected event will bring a smile to your face on Friday. Get ready to become a person of influence in the community.

Cancer

June 21 - July 22

It's time for a change, Cancer. You love your routines, but this week you'll decide to emerge from your cocoon. On Monday you'll have an urge to alter your lifestyle, so follow through. You'll resolve a legal problem on Thursday. Right will be on your side when your ruler, the Moon, conjuncts Saturn in Libra. Yes, you can fight city hall this week. An associate may have ulterior motives for making promises on Sunday. Think before accepting any favors.

smells and engulfs everything in its path. And it’s also not limited to body odor. The most common smell offender is the person with bad breath. Regardless of the cause, those of us who are affected should step up and say something. You may think you’re being nice, but you could be inadvertently hurting that person by not telling them to handle that smell. You are not the only one who notices the bad smell. Just about everyone who comes into contact with them will also notice the smell. It could be the difference between them getting a job or not. It might be the reason they can’t keep a girlfriend or boyfriend. We know it’s

Leo

July 23 - Aug. 22

A new beginning is on the way! On Monday the New Moon takes place in flamboyant Leo and you'll concoct a number of grandiose plans. It's your time to shine and show the world what you can do. You'll be in an especially chatty mood on Thursday. Remember, your friends have lives of their own that they'll want to discuss, so try to listen. You'll be surprised at what you learn. An infusion of energy will stimulate you on Sunday.

Virgo

Aug.23 - Sept.22

You're usually on an even keel, thanks to your Earth Sign, but this week you'll go from one extreme to the other. On Monday you'll want to hide from the world. You might decide to turn off the phone and settle in with a good book. You'll be in the mood to play on Thursday. Having a good time will be your first priority. On Sunday idealistic thoughts fill your head. It's quite a roller-coaster ride!

why you don’t go to their house. Don’t be stingy with your gum. Save the rest of us. If you are that smelly guy, even though people don’t say anything, they notice. They just don’t want to hurt your feelings. Start wearing deodorant or cologne, or carrying some with you. Take care of the dead rat behind your couch. If you’re debating whether or not to take a shower, just take the shower. It can’t hurt. Remember, if you notice something, chances are someone else will or already has noticed it. If it’s a potential problem, err on the side of caution and fix the problem. It just might change your life. Until next time, cheers to a better you!

Libra

Sept.23 - Oct. 22

Don't let regrets get in your way this week, Libra. It's time to stop saying ”it might have been.” On Monday you'll put the past behind you. Don't throw oil on the fire in a turbulent situation on Thursday. The Moon in Libra opposes volatile Uranus and you won't be in a conciliatory mood. Fight the urge to wreak havoc. A new companion may appear on Saturday. Remember that the more people you interact with, the more friends you'll make.

Scorpio

Oct. 21 - Nov 20

Scorpio, this week you'll set limits on an associate's behavior. You have the right to want respect from friends and family. On Tuesday Venus squares Pluto, your ruler. You'll finally establish boundaries with a certain individual. Your inspiration level will kick up a few notches on Friday. You'll take chances and forget about coloring between the lines. You may have some empty hours to fill on Sunday. Take up a hobby or new sport. Consider volunteering for a worthy cause.

Sagittarius

N o v. 2 2 - D e c . 2 1

The Universe will send you a wake-up call this week, Sagittarius, so be sure to answer the phone. On Monday an eyeopening event will take place. Get ready to make drastic changes in your lifestyle. You may be in a quandary on Thursday. The Moon is quincunx hazy Neptune in your zone of the mind. It won't be easy to make the right decisions. Wait until your mental fog lifts to take action. Unexpected good fortune will brighten your day on Saturday.

Capricorn

Dec. 22 - Jan 19

You're a wise soul, Capricorn. On Tuesday you'll experience a moment of truth in a certain situation. It's time to open your eyes and look at the matter clearly. Family issues flare up on Thursday. The Moon opposes erratic Uranus in your home zone. A relative will be unwilling to listen to your point of view. You'll need to keep your opinions to yourself. On Saturday you'll feel very restless. Consider taking a day trip to a new location.


THE HAITIAN TIMES

August 18 - 24, 2010

U.N.

6,000 non citizens in detention on a given day; by 2008, the capacity had risen to some 33,000. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the branch of DHS that oversees the immigration detention system, continues to detain and deport immigrants at record levels. During FY 2009, ICE's average daily detainee population was more than 32,000, higher than during the final years of the George W. Bush presidency. So far in FY 2010, the rate is at just over 30,000. Rights groups point out that part of the problem is the strict enforcement of immigration provisions that were introduced in the 1990s, like increased used of mandatory detention for many irregular immigration and asylum seekers, which led to sharp increases in detainees, most of whom were placed in prisons. ”ICE relies primarily on correctional incarceration standards [that] impose more restrictions and carry more costs than are necessary to effectively manage the majority of the detained population,” wrote Dora Schriro, now the commissioner of the New York City Department of Correction, in a widely noted 2009 report for ICE. The problem is how to move away from this model in the face of increasing pressure from states and anti-immigrant groups and politicians to crack down on the country's undocumented population. ”President Obama has already spent a lot of political capital trying to salvage the economy, pass health care reform, and handle foreign wars started by his predecessor,” says Flynn. ”Putting in place a 'truly civil' immigration detention system, a practice that by its very nature places people in an extraordinarily vulnerable situation, is difficult to imagine, though a fix is desperately needed,” adds Flynn.

Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury, former under-secretary- general and high representative of the United Nations and a diplomat actively involved in the U.N. matters for nearly 40 years, was equally critical of Ban's leadership and management style. Asked about the negative reporting on Ban, Chowdhury told IPS: ”I should point out that the recent reports are not 'negative' per se; those stories are reporting only on what is happening inside the U.N. under his leadership.” After three and half years in office, he said, it is high time that Ban's leadership gets a closer and critical examination. ”I believe that would help him to do a better job.” Being least knowledgeable about the intricacies of the multilateralism that the U.N. symbolizes, and being chosen through a convoluted and least transparent process, Ban has failed so far to provide the transformational leadership expected of any U.N. Secretary-General, he added. (see Sidebar) Even by his own agenda presented in his acceptance of office speech, Chowdhury pointed out, Ban has no worthy record to show. ”What happened to his climate change leadership? What happened to his focus on the so-called 'bottom billion' that describe the number of the poorest population in the world?” He has even failed to provide any leadership in disaster- stricken Haiti with his huge U.N. apparatus. And, management reform has been replaced by ”command and control” culture, as Ahlenius has pointed out very correctly, Chowdhury said. He said Ban's senior management privately complain that their advice and suggestions are sought only to be ignored and

continued from page 5

Damage

continued from page 5

on ”state building” rather than rebuilding earthquake damaged structures. The most important tasks, according to the report: Accelerate removal of rubble. The report calls that ”the single most important step toward reconstruction of housing and infrastructure that the Haitian government and donors can take.” Reduce the cost and time to open a business or obtain property. ”Haiti is poor in great part because of its difficult environment for business,” the report says. Build up the national police's capacity and keep United Nations peacekeepers here for at least the next five years. Create a modern civil service. The report suggests Haiti's government just monitor and regulate education and health services and not provide those services itself. Dobbins said the current situation stems not only from hundreds of years of corruption and mismanagement but also from Preval's inaction. ”Preval is well intended, but he's characteristically indecisive,” said Dobbins. ”We're seeing results of that.” Washington takes some of the blame in the report, and Dobbins recommends the Obama administration appoint a special

continued from page 15

envoy to Haiti. ”I think everyone has been moving too slowly,” he said. ”It's time to get with it.” Not everything is bad news. Dobbins said that unlike other ”fragile” countries, Haiti is not in a troubled region, there is no internal ethnic conflict, and Haitians living abroad are large in number, skilled and economically supportive. ”Daunting as the current challenges are -- acute problems layered on chronic ones -- the need for reconstruction and the likelihood of an infusion of international resources to fund it open up the possibility of laying a new foundation for stability and economic growth,” the report says. Before the earthquake, Haiti experienced five consecutive and unprecedented years of economic growth. ”Just to further underline what a low base we're starting at, the current government we have is one of the best we've had in 200-plus years,” Dobbins said. Many in Haiti hope November elections may usher in change. Haiti's next president is slated to oversee the spending of nearly $10 billion in reconstruction aid promised at a March UN donors conference -- though less than 10 per cent has been delivered so far. Possible presidential candidates to succeed Preval include Haitian-American singer Wyclef Jean and former prime minister Jacques Edouard Alexis.

responses to questions fired off by reporters, he added. ”We realize it's the nature of the beast in international diplomacy and politics, but the Secretariat has to indulge in some 'wag the dog' statements,” said Haider, a vice- president of the U.N. Correspondents Association. Crossette, author of several books on Asia, including 'India Facing the 21st Century,' however sounded sympathetic towards the secretary-general on his socalled ”guidance” on Kashmir. She told IPS that India is well known in international organizations, including at U.N. headquarters and in the field, for being defensive generally, and extremely sensitive on certain issues such as Kashmir, where it feels the situation is not a topic for international discussion - certainly not for outside mediation or even suggestions on how to proceed. U.N. agencies and some officials have in the past had difficult relations with India; constraints on the work of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees over the years are a case in point, said Crossette. ”One wonders how the Security Council would deal with this attitude if India were to get a permanent seat,” she added. At a press conference last Monday, Ban was emotional defending himself against his critics. ”If anybody or any member states within the U.N. system, or if any colleague of mine within the U.N. Secretariat, accuses me on the issue of accountability or ethics, then that's something I regard as unfair,” he said. He said he has personally ensured both accountability and ”the highest standards of ethics by the U.N.” and made ”unprecedented progress” on both fronts. Ban also claimed he established the first ever Ethics Office in the U.N. system. ”I have applied it to all (U.N.) Funds and Programs, despite much reluctance by U.N. agencies.”

discarded by his small coterie which has been his confidante from day one in office. ”Staff morale continues slide,” Chowdhury said. Samir Sanbar, a former U.N. assistant secretary-general and head of the department of public information, told IPS the so-called ”guidance” by the secretarygeneral on Kashmir indicates a policy statement. But playing on words makes the secretary-general and his leadership look worse. To say the least, said Sanbar, the secretary-general is ”badly advised” by those around him, including the obviously ineffectual senior aides close to him. Last week, the secretary-general hesitantly denied widespread speculation he had struck a backdoor deal with the Israelis promising that the U.N. panel of inquiry on the flotilla raid last May will not question security officers involved in the killing of nine Turkish nationals. But Sanbar said a quick look at the names of the New Zealand and Colombian members of the panel -both former heads of government - is enough to indicate where it is heading. ”With (Geoffrey) Palmer and (Alvaro) Uribe, there will be no need for a deal. A phone call would do,” he said, indicating their close ties to the United States and the West, both predictable sympathizers of Israel. Masood Haider, a longtime U.N. correspondent for the influential Pakistani daily Dawn, expressed the collective disappointment of most U.N. correspondents in trying to extract any worthwhile news stories from Ban's mostly rambling and unintelligible news briefings. ”For reporters, it is rather frustrating because there are no definitive answers given by the secretary-general on issues of importance - whether it is Israel, Kashmir, Sudan or Myanmar,” he said. He usually remains vague in most of his

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REAL ESTATE Upstate Narrowsburg! 1829 Farmhouse Overlooking Lackawaxen River, 4 bdrms, 2 Baths Original HW floors, DR, LR, Barn For Parking/ Storage. Asking $224,900 #6366 www. eaglevalleyrealty.com 845-2523085

VACATION RENTALS VILLAGE

F R E E P O RT R E C R E AT I O N

VENDORS being accepted now! Annual Fine Arts and Craft Fall Spectacular Featuring Artist, Photographers, Jewelry, Potters, Crafters of all kinds welcomed! Contact Terry (516) 221-6593 mcmullenpro33@yahoo.com

VENDORS HAND CRAFTED ONLY for Nassau Countyís LARGEST family fair. Attendance 120,000 plus, 150-200 hand-crafted vendors display. 10/2 & 10/3 (516)6791875 for application

WANTED TO BUY WE BUY ANYTHING OLD. Costume Jewelry, fountain pens, old watches, world fair and military items. Cigarette lighters; anything gold. Call Mike 718204-1402. AND

PA R K S D E P T. A N N U A L FA L L

Freeport Recreation Center • 130 E. Merrick Rd. • Freeport, LI, N.Y.

MISC FOR SALE CHERRY BEDROOM SET. Solid Wood, never used, brand new in factory boxes. English Dovetail. Original cost $4500. Sell for $749. Can deliver. 917-731-

OF

OCEAN CITY, MARYLAND. Best selection of affordable rentals. Full/ partial weeks. Call for FREE brochure. Open daily. Holiday Real Estate. 1-800-638-2102. Online reservations: www. holidayoc.com

GEM & MINERAL SHOW 1/4 mile west of Meadowbrook Parkway exit M9W

August 28 & 29, 2010 • Sat. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. Sun. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. 4521OC608JB

Immigration

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• Dealers • Exhibits • Prizes Minerals • Fossils Jewelry • Beads Crystals

Adults $5.50 . . . w/this ad $5.00 1 Child Under 12 w/parent - FREE Chairman: R. Gose P.O. Box 1418 Melville, NY 11747 • (631) 271- 8411

kaleidoscopegemshows.com

Call for Group Rates


Haitian Times 8-18-2010