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Iceland in figures

2015


Iceland in figures 2015 Volume 20 Published by Statistics Iceland Borgartún 21a IS-105 Reykjavík ICELAND Telephone  (+354) 528 1000 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Website www.statice.is Edited by Svava Guðjónsdóttir Cover design and layout  Statistics Iceland/BÓ Paper  UPM Finesse Premium Silk 90g Printed and bound by Oddi Printing Corp. Sale and subscription  Statistics Iceland Telephone  (+354) 528 1100 Facsimile  (+354) 528 1098 E-mail information@statice.is Cover photo Kirkjufell Mountain, West Iceland © Shutterstock

© Statistics Iceland 2015 Reproduction and distribution, also of parts, are permitted provided that the source is mentioned. ISBN 978-9979-770-54-1 ISSN 1025-6903


CONTENTS Map of Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Elections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Labour market . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Wages and income . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Quality of life . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Health and social protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Education and culture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 National accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Public finance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 External trade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Enterprises and turnover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Fisheries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Tourism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Transport and information technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Geography and environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

Primary symbols and abbreviations

“ sign of repetition – nil 0 less than half of the unit used · category not applicable … not available , thousand seperator . decimal seperator ISK Icelandic krónur n.e.s. not elsewhere specified EU28 European Union (28 countries) EEA European Economic Area F.Y.R.M. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia @ notes ; source


2

Ólafsvík

Akranes

Keflavík

Reykjavík

Capital region

Southwest

West

Borgarnes

Westfjords

Stykkishólmur

Ísafjörður

Selfoss

Vík

South

Northwest

Blönduós

Sauðárkrókur

Siglufjörður

Akureyri

Northeast

Húsavík

Höfn

East

Eskifjörður

Egilsstaðir

Neskaupstaður

Seyðisfjörður

Map of Iceland


Population

Population by sex and age 1 January 2015 Total 0–14 years 15–64 years 65 years and over

Total

%

Males

Females

329,100 67,002 217,557 44,541

100.0 20.4 66.1 13.5

165,186 34,196 110,068 20,922

163,914 32,806 107,489 23,619

Population by region 1 December Whole country Capital region Reykjavík Kópavogur Hafnarfjörður Southwest West Westfjords Northwest Northeast Akureyri East South

1910

1950

20151

85,183 15,006 11,600 … 1,547 2,589 10,268 13,386 9,012 11,959 2,239 9,713 13,250

143,973 65,555 56,251 1,647 5,087 5,093 9,975 11,166 10,264 18,368 7,711 9,705 13,847

329,100 211,282 121,822 33,205 27,875 22,026 15,566 6,970 7,137 29,257 18,191 12,496 24,366

@@ See map on page 2. 1 1 January.

3


Population

Population by citizenship 1 December Population, total Iceland Other countries Nordic countries Denmark Finland Norway Sweden Other European countries United Kingdom Lithuania Poland Germany America United States Africa Asia Philippines China Thailand Oceania Stateless and unspecified 1

1980

%

20141

%

228,785 225,545 3,240 1,360 950 45 275 90 886 324 – 21 234 731 636 38 114 28 2 1 104 7

100.0 98.6 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 – 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

325,671 302,927 22,744 1,591 915 108 253 315 17,402 614 1,659 10,224 910 1,062 607 443 2,052 558 217 531 66 128

100.0 93.0 7.0 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 5.3 0.2 0.5 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

1 January.

Average expected lifetime 1921–1930 Males Females 2013 Males Females EU271 Males Females

At birth

15 years

50 years

80 years

56.2 61.0

47.6 64.5

23.0 30.9

6.2 7.7

80.8 83.7

66.0 68.9

32.4 34.6

8.2 9.5

77.5 83.1

62.9 68.5

29.7 34.4

8.2 9.8

2012 data. Statistics Iceland, Eurostat.

1

4


Population Total fertility rate 2013 Portugal San Marino* Spain Moldova* Poland Cyprus Greece Slovakia Hungary Malta Italy Germany Romania Serbia Austria Liechtenstein Croatia Czech Republic Bulgaria F.Y.R.M. Switzerland Latvia Estonia Slovenia Luxembourg EU28 Lithuania Belarus* Denmark Netherlands Montenegro Finland Belgium Norway United Kingdom Sweden Iceland Ireland France Azerbaijan* Turkey* 0.0

0.5

1.0

* 2012 data. ;; Eurostat.

5

1.5

2.0

2.5


Elections

Results of election to the Althingi 2013 Valid votes

%

Members elected

188,995

100.0

63

50,455 46,173 24,294 20,546 15,584 9,648 22,295

26.7 24.4 12.9 10.9 8.2 5.1 11.8

19 19 9 7 6 3 –

Total

Males

Females

63

38

25

8 10 10 13 11 11

5 5 6 8 7 7

3 5 4 5 4 4

Total Independence Party Progressive Party The Social Democratic Alliance The Left-Green Movement Björt framtíð Píratar Others ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Elected members to the Althingi 2013 Elected members, total Constituencies Northwest Northeast South Southwest Reykjavík South Reykjavík North ;; National Electoral Commission of Iceland.

Results of presidential election 2012

Valid votes

%

Total

159,207

100.0

2,867 13,764 1,556 4,189 84,036 52,795

1.8 8.6 1.0 2.6 52.8 33.2

Andrea Jóhanna Ólafsdóttir Ari Trausti Guðmundsson Hannes Bjarnason Herdís Þorgeirsdóttir Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Þóra Arnórsdóttir

6


Labour market

Labour force participation and unemployment 2014

Labour force

Participation rate, %

Unemployment rate, %

Total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

187,000 31,800 113,800 41,300

81.5 77.5 89.6 67.2

5.0 10.0 4.3 2.8

Males, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

97,700 16,100 59,100 22,500

84.7 76.6 92.9 73.3

5.1 13.1 3.8 2.7

Females, total 16–24 years 25–54 years 55–74 years

89,300 15,700 54,700 18,800

78.2 78.4 86.3 61.2

4.9 6.9 5.0 2.9

Unemployment by sex 2006–2015 14 12 10 %

8 6 4 2 0

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Males

2011

Females

7

2012

2013

2014

2015


Labour market

Employed persons by industry 2014 Employed persons, total Percentage Agriculture Agriculture Fishing Industry Fish processing Manufacturing except fish processing Electricity and water supply Construction Services Wholesale, retail trade, repairs Hotels, restaurants Transport, communication Financial intermediation Real estate and business activities Public administration Education Health services, social work Other services and n.e.s.

8

Total

Males

Females

177,700

92,800

85,000

4.7 2.2 2.5 18.3 2.6 8.9 0.8 5.9 77.0 13.1 6.0 7.5 3.8 11.2 4.3 12.4 11.5 7.3

7.0 2.7 4.4 27.3 2.5 12.7 1.2 10.9 65.6 14.1 5.1 9.5 2.7 13.8 4.2 5.1 3.9 7.2

2.1 1.8 0.4 8.4 2.8 4.7 0.4 0.5 89.5 11.9 7.1 5.4 4.9 8.4 4.4 20.4 19.8 7.4


Labour market Unemployment rate, annual average 2014, % Greece Spain Croatia Cyprus Portugal Slovakia Italy Bulgaria Ireland Latvia Lithuania France EU28 Turkey Slovenia Poland Finland Belgium Sweden Hungary Netherlands Estonia Romania Denmark United Kingdom Czech Republic Malta Luxembourg Austria Iceland Germany Norway 0

5

10

15

;; Eurostat.

9

20

25

30


Wages and income

Income from employment according to tax returns Average income, thous. ISK

2005

2010

2013

Total Married males Married females Couples, married or cohabiting Single persons Males, total Females, total

2,845 4,584 2,426 6,497 2,090 2,338 1,831

3,636 5,760 3,381 8,293 2,615 2,840 2,386

4,391 6,935 4,131 10,082 3,179 3,452 2,897

50

The Gini index and the income quintile share ratio 2005–2014

5

40

4

30

3

20

2

10

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

Gini index (left axis)

2010

2011

2012

2013

Quintile share ratio (right axis)

10

2014

1


Quality of life Share of 20−29 year-olds living with their parents 2013, % Slovakia Croatia Italy Malta Serbia Hungary Slovenia Romania Portugal Greece Poland Spain Bulgaria Cyprus Czech Republic Lithuania Latvia Luxembourg Ireland Switzerland EU28 Belgium Austria Germany Estonia Netherlands United Kingdom Iceland France Sweden Norway Finland Denmark 0.0

20.0

40.0

11

60.0

80.0

100.0


Health and social protection

Average length of maternity/paternity leave Number of days 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Males

Females

101 100 100 102 99 92 88 84 80

187 185 181 178 178 179 179 179 181

@@ Average length per parent by birthyear of child. The independent right of mothers and fathers is 3 months and they can share additional 3 months.

Non-smokers, % 2012 Denmark Faroe Islands Finland Iceland Norway Sweden1 2010 data. ;; Norden.

1

12

Males

Females

83 73 79 85 85 87

83 72 82 87 86 85


Health and social protection Practising physicians per 100,000 inhabitants 2012 Austria Norway Lithuania Switzerland Sweden* Bulgaria Germany Italy Spain Czech Republic Iceland Malta Estonia Liechtenstein Latvia Hungary France Cyprus Croatia Belgium United Kingdom* Luxembourg* Ireland Slovenia Romania* Poland *2011 data

0

100

200

;; Eurostat.

13

300

400

500


Education and culture

Pupils/students by education level Number of pupils Pre-primary level Compulsory school Upper secondary level Post-secondary non-tertiary education First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education

2005

2010

2013

16,864 44,336 23,345 784 15,686 156

18,961 42,539 25,168 990 18,367 478

19,713 42,734 24,711 828 19,348 491

School expectancy 2012 Iceland Finland Sweden Denmark Belgium Netherlands Lithuania Slovenia Norway Poland Greece Germany Estonia Czech Republic Portugal Latvia Spain Hungary EU28 Ireland Switzerland Austria Italy Turkey Liechtenstein Romania United Kingdom France Slovakia Croatia Bulgaria Malta Luxembourg Cyprus F.Y.R.M. 0

5

10

Exptected years of education over a lifetime ;; Eurostat.

14

15

20

25


Education and culture

Graduations by level 2000/2001 2005/2006 2011/2012 Graduations, total Upper secondary level Post secondary non-tertiary level First stage of tertiary education Second stage of tertiary education

6,343 4,067 237 2,034 5

8,586 4,812 394 3,365 15

10,808 6,118 611 4,038 41

Radio and television 2000

2005

2011

Radio programme services Broadcasting time in hours

24 147,264

25 127,242

19 141.5621

Television stations Broadcasting time in hours

9 49,880

13 60,386

12 86,1061

2000

2005

2012

25 47 9,762 1,582

22 46 8,046 1,426

16 42 7,167 1.5801

164 8

163 3

202 11

1

2010 data

Cinemas Cinemas Cinema halls Seat capacity Attendance (in thous.) Premiers of feature films Icelandic 1

2010 data

Professional theatres Theatres, total Stages Works performed Plays Performances Audience

2000/2001

2005/2006

2013/2014

8 13 85 63 1,524 276,155

6 13 74 48 1,160 261,999

4 11 65 38 1,047 271,046

15


Prices

Central Bank average selling rates of foreign currencies ISK

2011

2012

2013

2014

U.S. dollar Pound sterling Canadian dollar Danish krone Norwegian krone Swedish krone Swiss franc Japanese yen Euro

116.3 186.5 117.7 21.7 20.8 17.9 131.6 1.5 161.9

125.3 198.6 125.5 21.7 21.6 18.5 133.7 1.6 161.2

122.5 191.7 119.1 21.8 20.9 18.8 132.3 1.3 162.8

117.0 192.6 106.0 20.8 18.6 17.1 127.9 1.1 150.1

55 Central Bank of Iceland.

20

Inflation 2008–2015, annual rate of change, %

18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0

2008

2009

2010

2011

16

2012

2013

2014

15


Prices Harmonised indices of consumer prices 2014, annual rate of change, % Norway United kingdom Austria Romania Finland Iceland Germany Malta Luxembourg Latvia France EEA EU Estonia Belgium Czech Republic Slovenia Ireland Netherlands Denmark Sweden Lithuania Croatia Italy Poland Hungary Switzerland Slovak Republic Spain Portugal Cyprus Greece Bulgaria -2.0

-1.5

-1.0

-0.5

0.0

17

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

2.5


National accounts

Annual average growth rate of Gross National Income Volume changes, %

Annual average growth rate of Gross National Income

1965–1975 1975–1980 1980–1985 1985–1990 1990–1995 1995–2000 2000–2005 2005–2010 2009–20141 1

Annual average growth rate of Gross Average population National Income per increase capita

4.0 6.1 1.5 3.4 0.4 4.8 3.7 -2.3 4.9

1.3 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.5 0.4

2.7 5.1 0.3 2.3 -0.6 3.8 2.7 -3.7 4.5

Preliminary data.

Gross domestic product and gross national product 2014 Private final consumption Government final consumption Gross fixed capital formation Gross domestic final expenditure Exports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Less: Imports of goods and services Goods, fob Services Gross Domestic Products Gross national income

Million ISK at current prices

Volume changes on previous year, %

1,048,471 484,262 331,341 1,865,508 1,065,915 566,747 499,168 938,088 577,735 360,353 1,993,336 1,953,741

3.7 1.8 13.7 0.3 5.3 3.1 1.5 4.9 9.9 9.8 10.1 1.9

@@ Preliminary data.

GDP per capita Thousand ISK USD, current exchange rate USD, current PPPs EUR, current exchange rate EUR, current PPPs 1

Preliminary data.

18

2005

2010

20141

3,576 56,888 36,092 45,764 31,904

5,104 41,819 38,709 31,525 31,257

6,121 52,426 44,638 39,524 34,518


National accounts

Gross domestic factor income by industries %

2005 2010 20141

A. Agriculture, forestry and fishing Thereof of Fishing B–E. Mining and quarrying; manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities F. Construction G–I. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles; transportation and storage; accommodation and food service activities J. Information and communication K. Financial and insurance activities L. Real estate activities M–N. Professional, scientific and technical activities; administrative and support service activities O–Q. Public administration and defence; compulsory social security; education; human health and social work activities R–U. Arts, entertainment and recreation, repair of household goods and other services 1

5.8 4.7

7.3 6.1

5.8 4.9

14.6 10.9

19.9 4.3

18.3 5.2

16.7 5.6 9.4 8

15.8 3.7 11.6 8.2

17.9 4.9 8.8 9.9

6.6

6.8

7.6

20.1

19.1

18.9

2.4

3.2

2.6

Preliminary data.

GDP, percentage change from previous year 2003–2014 12 10 8 6 4 2

%

0 -2 -4 -6

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 EU28

Iceland

;; Eurostat.

19


Public finance

General government finances 2014 Revenue, total Tax revenue Social contribution Grants Other revenues Expenditure, total Expenses Compensation of employees Use of goods and services Consumption of fixed capital Interest Subsidies Grants Social benefits Other expense Nonfinancial assets Net lending and net borrowing Financial assets, transactions1 Liabilities, transactions1 Financial assets Liabilities Net financial assets

Million ISK

Percent of GDP

902,728 696,815 73,994 3,266 128,653 905,721 887,779 275,775 229,106 39,617 93,594 32,024 4,602 137,750 75,311 17,942 -2,993 -38,388 -6,339

45.3 35.0 3.7 0.2 6.5 45.4 44.5 13.8 11.5 2.0 4.7 1.6 0.2 6.9 3.8 0.9 -0.2 -2.0 -0.3

1,314,982 2,255,894 -940,912

66.0 113.2 -47.2

2013 data. @@ Preliminary data.

1

General government total expenditure Percent of GDP General government total expenditure General Public service Defence Public order and safety Economic affairs Environmental protection Housing and community amenities Health Recreation, culture and religion Education Social protection 20

2005

2010

2013

41.3 5.1 0.0 1.4 5.7 0.7 0.4 7.9 3.3 8.2 8.8

49.3 8.6 0.1 1.3 6.8 0.6 2.4 7.5 3.5 8.0 10.6

44.2 8.3 0.0 1.4 4.7 0.6 0.6 7.5 3.2 7.7 10.1


External trade

Foreign trade by market area 2014

Exports (fob) Million ISK

%

Imports (cif) Million ISK

%

Total

590,502

100.0

626,915

100.0

EEA Austria Belgium United Kingdom Bulgaria Denmark Estonia Finland France Greece Netherlands Ireland Italy Croatia Cyprus Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Norway Portugal Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Czech Republic Hungary Germany European countries outside EES Faroe Islands Russia Switzerland Turkey Other European countries United States Japan Other countries

449,414 383 13,185 66,327 8 11,796 745 940 29,366 1,038 172,439 1,901 9,997 101 152 634 32 6,748 103 237 26,526 9,058 4,371 86 1,460 78 44,483 2,438 562 8,607 35,615 59,154 911 29,166 9,469 2,296 12,978 29,107 10,740 42,087

76.1 0.1 2.2 11.2 0.0 2.0 0.1 0.2 5.0 0.2 29.2 0.3 1.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 4.5 1.5 0.7 0.0 0.2 0.0 7.5 0.4 0.1 1.5 6.0 10.0 0.2 4.9 1.6 0.4 2.3 4.9 1.8 7.1

394,033 2,586 8,800 37,846 544 47,395 4,449 6,053 15,689 261 41,278 6,263 19,270 33 138 2,790 14 3,993 188 720 91,768 1,910 9,874 951 2,207 547 9,201 22,487 6,491 2,506 47,783 23,975 2281.2 3,149 8,665 7,692 2,187 63,483 8,679 136,745

62.9 0.4 1.4 6.0 0.1 7.6 0.7 1.0 2.5 0.0 6.6 1.0 3.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.0 0.1 14.6 0.3 1.6 0.2 0.4 0.1 1.5 3.6 1.0 0.4 7.6 3.8 0.4 0.5 1.4 1.2 0.4 10.1 1.4 21.8

21


External trade

Exports (fob) by commodities Percent of value

2005

2010

2014

56.7 1.9 34.2 7.2

39.3 1.6 55.4 3.7

41.3 2.0 52.5 4.2

2005

2010

2014

7.1 24.7 9.2 24.4 19.4 15.1 0.1

9.9 33.6 12.8 22.3 6.6 14.7 0.1

9.6 27.9 17.0 21.2 11.3 12.7 0.3

Marine products Agricultural products Manufacturing products Other

Imports (cif) of broad economic categories Percent of value Food and beverages Industrial supplies Fuels and lubricants Capital goods (except transport equipment) Transport equipment Consumer goods Goods n.e.s

Balance of trade as a percentage of GDP 1990–2013 9 7 5 3 1 -1 -3 -5 -7 -9 -11 -13 -15

1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012

22

%


Enterprises and turnover

Sold production % Total value in million ISK Manufacture of food products and beverages Manufacture of non-metallic mineral products Manufacture of basic metals Fabricated metal products Manufacture of machinery and equipment Other manufacturing

2008

2014

544,044

733,249

43.0 3.5 36.1 2.8 2.5 12.1

46.9 1.8 28.4 2.6 3.6 16.7

Completed dwellings 1992–2014 4,000 3,500

Number

3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0

1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014

;; Registers Iceland.

23


Fisheries

Fish catch by species 2005

Total catch Cod Mackerel Redfish Haddock Saithe Herring Greenland halibut Blue whiting Norwegian springspawning herring Capelin Shrimp Ling Atlantic catfish Other

Tonnes 1,668,927 212,456 363 61,535 96,580 67,736 102,967 13,021 265,890 161,693

67,920,065 24,924,027 9,236 5,466,266 8,881,445 3,086,148 1,988,124 3,035,334 1,489,498 5,161,064

594,632 8,657 4,307 15,192 63,897

5,030,553 870,430 261,489 1,396,560 6,319,889

Tonnes

Value 1,000 ISK

1,075,634 136,149,722 237,561 52,985,542 170,456 15,261,071 57,595 13,166,749 35,788 10,320,203 46,058 7,872,168 101,363 5,955,185 9,911 5,144,207 182,777 4,746,422 56,529 3,503,943 105,736 7,531 12,370 7,275 44,682

3,217,821 2,535,519 1,923,660 1,521,564 7,995,668

Preliminary data.

180,000

Value of catch 1994–2014

160,000 140,000 1,000,000 ISK

1

20141 Value 1,000 ISK

120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 1994

1996

1998

2000

2002

24

2004

2006

2008

2010

2012

2014


Fisheries

Export of marine products 2005 Exports total, tonnes Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products Total fob-value, million ISK Marine products Fresh fish Frozen fish Dried and salted fish Other marine products

%

2014

%

1,485,802 100.0 754,514 50.8 89,993 6.1 330,028 22.2 64,666 4.4 269,827 18.2

2,145,391 100.0 654,456 30.5 58,411 2.7 379,089 17.7 58,299 2.7 158,657 7.4

194,355 100.0 110,130 56.7 19,938 10.2 57,621 29.6 20,977 10.8 11,595 6.0

590,502 100.0 243,956 41.3 46,645 7.9 129,551 21.9 36,083 6.1 31,678 5.4

Total catch of Icelandic vessels 1986–2014 2,500,000

Tonnes

2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0

1986

1989

1992

1995

1998

25

2001

2004

2007

2010

2013


Agriculture

Production of field crops Total hey yield, m3 Potatoes, tonnes Swedes, tonnes Cereal grains, tonnes Tomatoes, tonnes Cucumbers, tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2014

2,363,342 9,843 795 3,041 931 831

1,968,018 7,250 750 9,773 1,508 1,147

2,165,642 12,460 833 13,175 1,652 1,458

2,495,616 8,260 1,070 6,227 1,516 1,807

2000

2005

2010

2013

72,135 465,777 73,995 3,862 178,093

65,979 454,950 74,820 3,982 166,119

73,781 479,841 77,164 3,615 173,419

70,461 484,108 72,626 3,651 215,180

Livestock Cattle Sheep Horses Pigs Hens ;; Icelandic Food and Veterinary Authority.

Meat production Tonnes

2000

2005

2010

2013

Mutton and lamb Beef Pork Poultry

9,735 3,626 4,783 3,051

8,738 3,540 5,300 5,768

9,166 3,895 6,158 6,905

9,891 4,082 6,404 7,897

Organic farming 1996–2014 45

25,000

40 20,000

35 30

15,000

25 20

10,000

15 10

5,000

5 0

1996

1998

2000

2002

2004

Hectare (left axis) ;; Norden.

26

2006

2008

2010

Producers (right axis)

2012

2014

0


Tourism

Foreign passengers through Keflavík airport by citizenship 2010 Number Passengers, total U.K. U.S.A. Germany France Norway Denmark Sweden Canada Netherlands China Spain Poland Italy Switzerland Finland Japan Russia Other countries

459,252 60,326 51,166 54,377 29,255 35,662 38,139 27,944 13,447 17,281 5,194 12,237 13,253 9,692 9,163 11,012 5,580 … 65,524

% 100.0 13.1 11.1 11.8 6.4 7.8 8.3 6.1 2.9 3.8 1.1 2.7 2.9 2.1 2.0 2.4 1.2 … 14.3

2014 Number 969,181 180,503 152,104 85,915 58,293 53,647 48,237 40,992 38,790 26,222 26,037 20,932 19,959 19,870 19,315 15,415 13,340 7,964 141,646

% 100.0 18.6 15.7 8.9 6.0 5.5 5.0 4.2 4.0 2.7 2.7 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.6 1.4 0.8 14.6

;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

Passengers through Keflavík airport 2003–2014 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Foreigners

;; Icelandic Tourist Board.

27

Icelanders


Transport and information technology

Registered decked vessels 1 January 2014 Vessels, total Trawlers Other fishing vessels Merchant fleet Other vessels

Number

Gross tonnage

1,055 51 787 45 172

194,279 57,442 86,729 8,807 41,300

;; The Icelandic Maritime Administration.

Registered motor vehicles 31 December

2005

2010

2013

187,442 1,899 25,544 4,183 625.0

204,736 1,916 30,437 9,651 643.8

213,113 2,179 30,657 10,213 658.2

Per 1,000 inhabitants

2005

2010

2013

Access channels Mobile subscriptions

509 362

569 1,179

456 1,242

2005

2010

2014

84 48

92 70

96 81

Passenger cars Buses Lorries and vans Motorcycles Passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitant ;; Road Traffic Directorate.

Telecommunications

Internet access of households % Iceland EU27 ;; Statistics Iceland, Eurostat.

28


Energy

Annual generation of electricity in public power plants GWh Annual generation of electricity Hydro energy Geothermal energy Fuel kWh per capita

2005

2010

2013

8,680 7,014 1,658 8 29,251

17,059 12,592 4,465 2 53,638

18,116 12,863 5,245 6 56,287

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross consumption of electricity GWh

Total consumption

Ordinary consumption

Power-intensive industries

Thereof aluminium plants

1960 1970 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

536 1,460 3,143 3,837 4,447 4,977 7,676 16,835 17,059 17,210 17,549 18,116

397 705 1,445 1,834 2,218 2,480 2,783 3,101 3,044 3,006 3,148 3,763

139 755 1,698 2,003 2,229 2,497 4,893 12,925 13,214 13,284 13,545 13,980

– 642 1,280 1,287 1,509 1,702 3,767 12,003 12,019 11,829 12,104 12,400

;; National Energy Authority.

Gross energy consumption by source % 2005 2010 2013

Domestic energy, total

Hydro energy

74.1 85.7 86.3

17.8 19.4 18.4

Geothermal Imported energy energy, total 56.3 66.3 67.9

;; National Energy Authority.

29

25.9 14.3 13.7

Oil

Coal

23.0 12.6 12.1

3.0 1.7 1.6


Energy Renewable energy in gross final energy consumption 2013, % Iceland Norway Sweden Latvia Finland Austria Denmark Portugal Estonia Romania Lithuania Slovenia Bulgaria Croatia Italy Spain Greece EU28 France Germany Czech Republic Poland Slovakia Hungary Cyprus Belgium Ireland United Kingdom Netherlands Malta Luxembourg 0

20

40

;; Eurostat.

30

60

80

100


Geography and environment

Iceland Population 1 January 2015: 329,100 Municipalities 1 January 2015: 74 Area of Iceland: 103,000 km2 Vegetation: 23,805 km2 Lakes: 2,757 km2 Glaciers: 11,922 km2 Wasteland: 64,538 km2 Nearest country: Greenland, 287 km Highest mountain: Hvannadalshnjúkur, 2,110 metres Biggest glacier: Vatnajökull, 8,300 km2 Longest river: Þjórsá, 230 km Deepest lake: Jökulsárlón in Breiðamerkursandur, 260 metres Highest waterfall: Glymur in Botnsá, 190 metres Population per square km: 3.2 Coast line: 4,970 km Sea area within fishing limits: 758,000 km2 ;; National Land Survey of Iceland.

Protected areas Number 2000 Total National parks Natural monuments Nature reserves Country parks Other

84 3 32 36 11 2

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

31

2013 112 3 44 45 20 1

Area km2 2000 9,810 1,770 290 2,758 392 4,600

2013 18,825 13,293 1,955 2,983 441 153


Geography and environment

Temperature and precipitation Reykjavík Year January Temperature (°C) Mean 2014 Mean 1961–1990 Precipitation (mm) 2014 Mean 1961–1990

Akureyri Year January

July

July

6.0 4.3

2.4 -0.5

11.8 10.6

5.3 3.2

1.6 -2.2

12.7 10.5

963 799

64 76

89 52

744 490

80 55

73 33

;; The Icelandic Meteorological Office.

Greenhouse gas emissions 1,000 tonnes in CO2-equivalents

2000

2005

2012

Man-made emissions, total CO2 CH4 N2O HFC PFC SF6

3,766 2,775 446 388 27 127 3

3,833 2,853 443 450 58 26 3

4,469 3,324 457 458 144 80 6

1,000 tonnes

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

2,000 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 0

Greenhouse gas emission by source 2000 and 2012

2000

2012

Industry Road and transport construction

Fishing vessels

Industrial processes

;; The Environment Agency of Iceland.

32

Agriculture

Waste

Geothermal power plants


The big picture Statistical Yearbook of Iceland 2014 is the 24th publication of the yearbook presenting a comprehensive selection of statistical data on Iceland. With over 300 statistical tables, 50 charts and numerous photographs, the yearbook is a definitive collection of statistical information on the Icelandic society, both in Icelandic and English.

www.statice.is/yearbook


Iceland in your pocket While enjoying the beautiful nature of Iceland, learn the basic statistical information on the Icelandic society, population, climate, environment, labour market and industries, external trade, transport, tourism, prices, wage, private income, national accounts, health, social services, education, culture, elections, etc.

9 789979 770541

Iceland in figures 2015 is the 20th volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical office, Statistics Iceland.

Profile for Hagstofa Íslands

Iceland in figures 2015  

Iceland in figures 2015 is the 20th volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical offi...

Iceland in figures 2015  

Iceland in figures 2015 is the 20th volume of the popular pocket-size booklet edited and published annually by the national statistical offi...

Profile for hagstofa
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