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The great Comic of Greek Philosophers Τίτλος: The great Comic of Greek Philosophers Τάξη:Έκτη Δημοτικού Διάρκεια:6 μήνες Μάθημα: Ξένη Γλώσσα (Αγγλική) Εκπαιδευτικός: Ana Torres Σκοπός:H γνωριμία των μαθητών/τριών με τους αρχαίους Έλληνες φιλόσοφους. Στόχοι:Η βελτίωση των δεξιοτήτων των μαθητών/τριών στην ξένη γλώσσα, στην Ελληνική φιλοσοφία, στις ΤΠΕ, στα καλλιτεχνικά.


Εργαλεία: Η.Υ, φύλλα εργασίας, φωτογραφική μηχανή. Διαδικασία: 1. Παρουσίαση του φιλοσόφου και της θεωρίας του (φύλλο εργασίας) 2. Απεικόνιση της θεωρίας σε μορφή comics. 3. Επικόλληση της φωτογραφίας του φιλοσόφου σε χάρτη (στη γενέτειρά του). Προϊόντα Βιβλίο «The great Comic of Greek Philosophers»


The Epicureans

They said that the best way to be happy and not sad was not to want anything. It's wanting things that leads to pain. If you always want more things, then you can't enjoy the things you do have, because you're always suffering the sadness of not having things.


Drawings on the Epicureans


Drawings on the Epicureans


Drawings on the Epicureans


Drawings on the Epicureans


Drawings on the Epicureans


Drawings on the Epicureans


The Stoics Stoicism was founded by a man named Zeno. Zeno thought people should try to reach inner peacefulness. The best way to be peaceful was to be moderate in everything. So people should not eat too much, even of good food, and they should not party too much. But they should not work all the time either, or diet all the time. Men (Zeno didn't mention women much, but there were women who were Stoics) should give to charity and help out in the government but they should not go to the extreme of rebellion. People should try not to want anything too much, but be happy with what they had.


Drawings on the Stoics


Drawings on the Stoics


Drawings on the Stoics


Drawings on the Stoics


Drawings on the Stoics


The Cynics

They believed that virtue was sufficient for a happy life, and virtue was in evidence in what is present in nature.


Drawings on the Cynics


Drawings on the Cynics


Drawings on the Cynics


Drawings on the Cynics


Drawings on the Cynics


Parmenides Parmenides believed everything must exist, which meant to him that change was an optical illusion of some kind. Since both past and future already exist, he argued that the passing of time must be unreal. And so Parmenides denied change, saying it was appearance only, and interestingly out of the same principle taught that existence or being is ultimately a oneness.


Drawings on Parmenides


Drawings on Parmenides


Drawings on Parmenides


Drawings on Parmenides


Pythagoras believed:

All things are numbers. Mathematics is the basis for everything, and geometry is the highest form of mathematical studies. The physical world can understood through mathematics. The soul resides in the brain, and is immortal. It moves from one being to another, sometimes from a human into an animal, through a series of reincarnations called transmigration until it becomes pure. Pythagoras believed that both mathematics and music could purify. Numbers have personalities, characteristics, strengths and weaknesses. The world depends upon the interaction of opposites, such as male and female, lightnes and darkness, warm and cold, dry and moist, light and heavy, fast and slow. Certain symbols have a mystical significance. All members of the society should observe strict loyalty and secrecy.


Drawings on Pythagoras


Drawings on Pythagoras


Drawings on Pythagoras


Drawings on Pythagoras


Drawings on Pythagoras


Democritus

Democritus believed that the first principles of the universe are atoms and empty space, everything else is merely thought to exist. And that the atoms, the space within they move, and their motion within that space are eternal. The worlds are unlimited; they come into being and perish. Nothing can come into being from that which is not nor pass away into that which is not.


Drawings on Democritus


Drawings on Democritus


Drawings on Democritus


Drawings on Democritus


Empedocles

Empedocles believed also that no change involving the creation of new matter is possible; only changes in the combinations of the four existing elements may occur. He also formulated a primitive theory of evolution in which he declared that man and animals evolved from antecedent, monstrous forms.


Drawings on Empedocles


Drawings on Empedocles


Drawings on Empedocles


Drawings on Empedocles


Heraclitus

Heraclitus is the philosopher of the eternal change. He expresses the notion of eternal change in terms of the continuous flow of the river, which always renews itself. Heraclitus accepted only one material source of natural substances, the Pyr (Fire). This Pyr is the essence of Logos, which creates an infinite and uncorrupted world, without beginning. It converts this world into various shapes as a harmony of the opposites. The composition of opposites sustains everything in nature. "Good" and "bad" are simply opposite sides of the same thing. “To God all things are beautiful and good and just, but men have supposed some things to be unjust, others just�.


Drawings on Heraclitus


Drawings on Heraclitus


Drawings on Heraclitus


Xenophanes

He believed that the traditional tales of the poets were directly responsible for the moral corruption of the time. He also believed that the whole is unintelligible. This means that even if we could know the real truth, we would not be aware of it, and we would be unable to communicate it.


Drawings on Xenophanes


Drawings on Xenophanes


Drawings on Xenophanes


Drawings on Xenophanes


Anaximenes

Anaximenes believed that air being the principle of life, is the primary material, and becomes different things by condensation and rarefaction. He probably believed that people could more easily explain change in the world if the basic substance were something which could be regarded as the breath of the world.


Drawings on Anaximenes


Drawings on Anaximenes


Drawings on Anaximenes


Drawings on Anaximenes


Thales of Miletus

Thales believe in that everything was composed of water. He also believed that the Earth is a flat disk that floats on an endless expanse of water and all things come to be from water.


Drawings on Thales


Drawings on Thales


Drawings on Thales


You can see our worksheets and more photographs in our project’s twinspace Visit our school’s website http://7dim-ag-anarg.att.sch.gr

THE GREAT COMIC BOOK OF PHILOSOPHERS  

Presentation of our project on Greek philosophy

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