Page 1

November 2011

digital satellites

emergence

asia broadcast satellite HMS-120

EL-1888 FTA

popular

N3 HD PVR

satellite TV

satellite TV

competition Pakistan UAE

90.00 10.00

Rs

KSA

Dh

Oman

10.00 01.00

R

Qatar

R

India

12.00 R 125.00 Rs

Bahrain Kuwait

01.00 01.00

D

Lebanon

D

Nigeria

5000 350

LL

S-Africa

N

Namibia

45.00 50.00

R

Singapore 09.50 SGD

R

Australia

11.00

$ incl GST

Indonesia Thailand

25.000,-Rp 200 Baht

Bangladesh 95.00 Taka Egypt

10.00

EP


th

226 LEGEND I S S U E OF PUBLICATIONS

International Monthly Magazine

VOLUME: 18 - No: 11

NOVEMBER – 2011 TEST REPORTS

NANO N3 HD PVR

ECHOLINK EL-1888 FTA

ABCOM AB IPBOX 55HD

CONTENTS Letter from Editor

9

Europe Goes HD

45

Global Flash News

10

Triax

46

Popular Satellite TV

16

Digital Satellite Emerge...

48

New Satellite System

18

In Satellite Piracy War...

49

Sat Mart

20

Pakistani Channels

50

Test Report

24

Pakistani Channels

51

Pay Television

26

Ipstar in Thailand

53

Test Report

28

Launches in France

56

Satellite TV Competition

30

Panamsat Corporation

59

TestReport

32

Around the Satellite World

60

Asia Broadcast Satellite

34

Trouble Shooter

64

The US Satellite Mark

36

Search Satellite

67

Master Codes

38

Role of Communication

75

Master Codes

39

Satellite Distance Educa...

76

40

Technology Behind Sat...

77

41

Directional Chart

78

Difference Between Anal...

42

Satellite Reception

81

Europe Goes HD

44

Digital Chart

83

Maximizing Satellite Maximizing Satellite


Editor-in-Chief HABIB HADI hadi@tracksat.com Managing Editors SUROOSH IZNA Editor SUMERA HADI Associate Editor SHOUKAT IQBAL KHATTAK shoukat@tracksat.com Technical Editor HAIDER ALI dishtech@tracksat.com Advertising Manager NAVEED JAMEEL uzair_nomi80@hotmail.com Layout Designer NAVEED AHMED KHAN IRFAN SIDDIQUI Accounts Manager S.ASHRAF-UL-HAQ Legal Advisor QAZI MUNAWAR ALAM Editorial Address: Dawood Centre, 101-1st Floor, 124,R, Block-2, Main Tariq Road, P.E.C.H.S., Karachi-Pakistan. Tel. : + 92-21- 4531122, 4531133 : + 92-21- 4316529, 4316530 Fax: : + 92-21- 4528822 E-mail: channels@cyber.net.pk hadi@tracksat.com Distributors UAE Emirates Printing Publishing & Distribution Co. Tel.: (04) 2660337 Ext. 204 SAUDI ARABIA Al-Adabiya Pub & Distributors Tel.: 671 5788 KUWAIT United Company for Distribution of Newspapers & Publications Tel.: (965) 245 6198-(965) 241 2820 BAHRAIN Al Ayam Publishing Est. B.S.C. (C) Tel. : 725111 PAKISTAN Paradise Books & Distributors Tel: + 92-21-4314981-83 Fax: + 92-21-4385075 EGYPT Al-Ahram Tel.: 5796997 QATAR Naz Book Distribution Tel.: +974 4324235, +974 5562809 TURKEY Ukrainian Distribution Tel.: +38 044 261 5876 JORDAN Jordan Distribution Agency Tel.: 962 6 533 7733 IRAQ Al-Khalil Distribution NETHERLANDS Van Gelderen UNITED KINGDOM Golden Publication Ltd. KENYA National Group Ltd. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Future Empire Network Corp. Publisher HABIB HADI Dish Channels is printed on the 1st of every month by Dish Channels Karachi. Dish Channels is Non-Political & NonPatrisian Publication. While every effort is made to ensure accuracy, we cannot bear responsibility for losses resulting from errors. Printed By: PRINTING IMPRESSION, KARACHI

LETTER FROM EDITOR Dear Readers, Satellite TV has a ton to offer. While the cable companies may love to bash satellite TV in their commercials, the fact that satellite TV only continues to grow in popularity shows that it must be offering something good. However, not all of the benefits lie simply in its features, but rather some lie in the companies themselves. Indeed, satellite TV does have much to offer. Professional studies have shown that satellite TV customers have a much higher satisfaction rate than cable customers. Why is this? Simple, satellite TV owners receive many more features than their cable counterparts, clearer picture in many cases, and lower prices. Additionally, DirecTV, the main provider of satellite TV, rates extremely high in its customer service, making it so that customers always seem to come away happy. With support, features, and a consistently lower price, it is very difficult to beat what satellite TV has to offer customers. In the past, the benefit of cable was that it had very high uptime and also offered high speed internet as well. Now, satellite offers those same things. New technology and improvements have made it so bad weather rarely affects reception in most cases and high speed internet can now be obtained as well. The future of satellite TV is a bright one indeed. While it already offers reliability, quality, and a good selection of features, the future of satellite TV is one that contains many new ideas and advances that most are not expecting and probably haven't even though of. In its entirety, satellite TV and its technology and potential is a largely untapped resource, one that will be able to be improved and added to immensely in the future.

e By

S AT MART


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS

EUROPEAN TELECOMS SATELLITE PUT IN ORBIT

A European telecommunications satellite was successfully placed in orbit after being lifted into space aboard a Russian Proton-M rocket, the Ria-Novosti cited a Russian space agency official as saying. "The satellite detached from the launcher as planned" and is now under the control of Eutelsat, the Roskosmos official was quoted as saying. The Proton-M blasted off from Russia's Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan Friday with the Eutelsat W2A satellite is designed to transmit multimedia services, including television, to mobile phones and receivers fitted in vehicles.

SKY GET KEANE ON FIRST 3D TV TRANSMISSION

Sky has broadcast the first live 3D TV event to a domestic television in the United Kingdom. The transmission of a

performance by the band Keane was delivered over the existing Sky satellite platform to a set-top box and a special '3D Ready' TV. The event was also shown in a cinema and streamed online in a special 3D presentation. “We're excited to have worked with Keane and their innovative management team to explore how our 3D TV technology might be used to offer a totally new viewing experience for live and recorded music,” said Gerry O'Sullivan, the director of strategic product development at Sky. “Being able to broadcast a live event in 3D is a real breakthrough as previous demonstrations have relied on recorded material. This is the first time we've broadcast a live event in 3D over satellite and it shows the significant progress we are making with our research and development activity.”

NOVEMBER

10

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


SRT 2010 HD

SRT 2014 HD

SRT 2015 HD

SRT 3000 HD

SR 55X

SR 140 SR 150

ST 570 ST 560

www.startrackworld.com


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

ISRO TO LAUNCH WEATHER SATELLITE

After the success of the Chandrayaan mission, ISRO is all set on its next mission - the launch of the 'Mehga Tropiques' -- an Indo-French weather satellite. The weather satellite has been jointly developed by the French Space Agency CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales) and ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization). Post-launch, 'Mehga Tropiques' will study tropical weather and would aid in the study of cyclones, monsoon and other weatherrelated effects. Revealing its plans, ISRO chairman G. Madhavan Nair said the satellite would be built by ISRO and the French agency will add two onboard instruments called the SCARAB and SAPHIR. There is another instrument aboard the satellite called the MADRAS, which is set to be jointly developed by the French and the Indian teams. Nair added that being a joint effort, data obtained from the satellite would be shared by both the countries. The satellite would be launched by the end of 2011.

SATELLITE LAUNCH ENABLES EUROPEAN MOBILE TELEVISION NDTV has announced that its board has decided to split NDTV into 2 groups - one for news and allied businesses, and the second for the entertainment and other businesses. The move will provide more operational and financial flexibility for the 2 businesses, in view of the Indian government's restrictions on News. NDTV Limited will engage in non-news businesses. The new, news company will be called NDTV Studios. NDTV Ltd will NOVEMBER

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS include the businesses of NDTV Convergence, NDTV Imagine, NGEn, NDTV Lifestyle, NDTV lumiere, NDTV Labs & NDTV emerging markets. On the other hand, the news company - NDTV Studios will include NDTV 24x7, NDTV

2011

India, NDTV Profit, NDTV Media, Metronation Delhi & Metronation Chennai. For every one share currently held in NDTV Ltd, a shareholder will receive one share in the new company.

WORLD SATELLITE TRANSPONDERS MARKET TO REACH 7,262 UNITS A new satellite that will enable television to be delivered to mobile receivers across Europe has been successfully launched from Kazakhstan. The W2A satellite carries an Sband payload for Solaris Mobile, a joint venture between Eutelsat and SES Astra, which will provide mobile video, navigation and emergency assistance services. Weighing nearly 6 tonnes, the Eutelsat satellite built by Thales Alenia Space was launched by a Russian Proton Breeze M rocket, marking the 50th launch for International Launch Services. It carried three payloads, including an S-band transponder with a 12 metre antenna that will allow providers to deliver a range of mobile television, radio and other data services to handheld devices and in-vehicle systems. Eutelsat chairman and chief executive Giuliano Berretta said it “ushers in a new era in satellite-based mobile video and interactive communications,� referring to the S-band payload which hopes to make use of frequencies the European Commission plans to make available for mobile satellite services.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

DISH TV ADDS 2 MN SUBSCRIBERS

Amid a welter of dismal data from the media and entertainment sector, Dish TV has mopped up an impressive 2.07 million subscribers for the fiscal ended 31 March 2010 to become the first Indian direct-tohome (DTH) operator crossing the fivemillion mark. The leading DTH operator, which had added one million subscribers in the year-ago period, accelerated its growth during the fiscal with aggressive schemes including a set-top box (STB) free offer. "We had three big spikes in the year because of our 'Happy Home,' 'free box' and 'south-centric hat-trick' offers. We also have the largest content on offer across genres and languages," explains Dish TV COO Salil Kapoor. Dish TV gathered 113,057 subscribers last month, taking its total registered base to 5.07 million. The adoption of the DTH market category in March is around 0.55 million subscribers. Dish TV has seen no rise in its marketing, personnel and content cost for the year, but a depreciated rupee has worsened its subsidy on set-top boxes (STBs). "We have brought down the content cost and kept tight control over our operational expenses. Our net loss per box has come down," says Kapoor, while refusing to spell out the exact figures. The DTH operator's advertising cost would be lower at Rs 900 million as against Rs 1.02 billion in FY'08. The customer acquisition cost, though, has gone up from Rs 2000 to Rs 2500 this year.

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS

THE SIKH CHANNEL EYES JANUARY 2011 LAUNCH

The UK's first all Sikh religious channel, The Sikh Channel is planning to launch on Sky Digital in January, next year. A spokesman said, it had secured a media partner, which it will timeshare with when it initially launches. He refused to comment on details about the partner but said full details will be revealed later this year. It was hinted that the new channel will be a UK based, which will deliver cultural and entertainment shows. The Sikh Channel will broadcast twelve hours of Sikh religious programming per day with the other twelve taken by its media partner. The Sikh Channel is also set to give viewers a tease of what the service has in store by streaming shows on its website, from September. The Sikh Channel has opened up a Facebook message group, as well as a website requesting members of the public to contribute financially to speed the launch of the channel.

SATELLITE TV COMING TO A MOBILE NEAR YOU

Satellite operators will be able to beam television pictures direct to mobile phones

across Europe when Brussels awards new rights to high-frequency airwaves this month. Inmarsat and Solaris, a joint venture between Eutelsat and SES-Astra, are expected to win the European Commission award, which is free apart from project costs. They will try to drum up interest among mobile firms and programme makers which have seen the lure of TV in the palm of your hand fail to take off in the past. The pair believe previous services, such as BT Movio, a partnership with Virgin Mobile, suffered from high costs, lack of scale and a limited choice of channels and handsets. NOVEMBER

13

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

INDIA'S 1ST STUDENT-MADE SATELLITE SET FOR LAUNCH India's student community will get a big morale booster when the country's first student-made satellite will ride into space on the PSLV, (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) along with ISRO's (Indian Space Research Organization) Risat Satellite. The "Anusat" has been designed by 37 aerospace engineering students with the help of 10 teachers from the Madras Institute of Technology. ISRO, which has been promoting the development of satellites (microsatellites), is finally seeing its efforts bearing fruit with the imminent launch of the Anusat. The idea behind the promotion was to make the students aware of the various factors involved in the design and launch of a satellite. These involved taking in to consideration the thermal management of the satellite, controls, the guidance system, power delivery, and not to mention, the communications part wherein the two-way communication between the satellite and the command centre will be managed. The satellite will orbit the earth in a low altitude orbit between 600 and 800km. Data from the satellite will be received at the Chennai Tech University and the Pune University.

BOEING NEARS INTELSAT SATELLITE DEAL

After struggling for years, Boeing Co.'s commercial-satellite manufacturing business appears poised for a lift by snaring what is likely to be a multi-satellite order valued at more than $400 million from Intelsat Ltd., according to people familiar with the matter. While no final agreement has been signed, negotiations between Boeing and Intelsat, which has the world's biggest commercial satellite fleet, have been making steady progress over recent months, these people said. Barring some last-minute snag, a contract for as many as four satellites with an estimated total value between $400 million and $550 million is expected to be signed within the next few weeks. The NOVEMBER

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS anticipated deal, reported by industry publication Space News, would help rejuvenate Boeing's satellite-making unit, which has barely broken even in recent years, significantly cut its work force and largely shunned the commercial arena. Combined with U.S. government awards that were delayed and others that Boeing lost, the Chicago aerospace giant's satellite factory in El Segundo, Calif., could face the threat of further reductions. Boeing in the past even had preliminary discussions with rivals about a potential sale or merger involving the unit, according to industry executives.

INDIA BOUGHT ADVANCED SPY SATELLITE

India has recently purchased an advanced spy satellite from Israel in order to boost its surveillance capabilities, in the wake of the murderous terror attacks in Mumbai last year, the Indian NDTV news channel reported. According to the report, the satellite can see through clouds and is capable of carrying out all-weather imaging during both day and night. The 300 kilogram (650 pounds) RISAT 2 will be launched by India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle rocket in the next few weeks, the report said. The Indian security establishment has been seeking such a satellite, capable of monitoring events around the entire globe and especially in neighboring countries, for a long time.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Airtel

Digital TV On October 9, 2008, the leading telecommunications services provider of India Bharti Airtel Limited claimed to have changed the world of digital home entertainment forever by launching its Direct To Home (DTH) Satellite TV service- Airtel Digital TV. The service available in 150 cities across the country promises to give a whole new experience for home entertainment. If you are tired of low quality performance by your old DTH provider, you can happily choose the new Airtel Digital TV as it offers exceptional picture clarity, good quality audio and High Definition ready interactive content due to the latest MPEG4 standard with DVB S2 technology that it uses. The Airtel Digital TV also stands out in terms of better performance even during bad weather conditions such as heavy rains. It uses a 20% larger dish antenna as compared to the other services which ensures a much better performance even during rain pours. Apart from these technologi cal advancem ents, Airtel has NOVEMBER

also brought a string of features which will tempt even the most loyal of all the subscribers for other DTH services. Let's take a look at what could interest you as a user. If you are the kind of person for whom even juggling through two remotes is dealing with 'technology', then Airtel has simplified it for you. With the Airtel Digital TV, you get complete freedom from two remote controls and have the convenience of operating your TV with only a single remote. The Set Top Box that Airtel Digital TV Provides also claims to have the highest memory which means a larger number of interactive applications. These also include some really cool applications like Travel (allowing you to book tour and travel packages), iShop (which provides a great shopping experience right on your TV sets), iCity (which gives you relative city information), and iMatinee (allowing you to book movie tickets). There is also some awesome news for the gaming enthusiasts. Airtel Digital TV come pre loaded with a range of entertaining games and the bonus is that these games keep refreshing every six weeks. So if you have got bored of playing the same set of games over and over again, just leave it to the experts to put up new ones for you all the time!

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


r la

18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

u p o P ite TV

l l e t a S

Satellite TV is popular and most of all, it is affordable. Whatever your needs are, there is a solution for you. Satellite TV is available to anyone who has a clear view of the southern sky from their home. Satellite TV systems provide the best picture quality and the most channels for the least amount of money. Satellite TV is often cheaper than cable, has more options, and offers free installation. Cable can't do that. Satellite TV is easy to obtain, but keep in mind you do have to purchase the equipment from the provider or technology store unlike cable television that rents you the equipment for as long as you have service. Satellite TV is a huge improvement over all types of Cable TV including digital. Digital signals picked up through the “Ku� band are MPEG-2 compressed video signals (30:1 bits) which allows far more channels to be squeezed through without damaging clarity. Satellite TV is also consider a bit of a bargain over cable, in an apple to apples comparison, and has steadier price rates. Satellite TV is very similar to cable and broadcast in the respect of sending out a NOVEMBER

signal to a receiving end. Satellite is a wireless system for the most part, which delivers the signal directly to the dish, or your house for that matter. Satellite TV is still a somewhat new concept to many, while most people have been subscribed to cable service. Gone are the days of poor reception and antenna feeds, which were once both a part of the television watching experience. Satellite TV is a clear winner in this. Since it is made to receive free-to-air broadcasts, you can practically watch any channel as long as your satellite dish system can cover Programs can also be searched by title, and every time that program is on can be found in the satellite TV schedules. Most independent programming from broadcasters such as the comedy channel, the science fiction network as well cooking shows and home shopping networks will all be available on most satellite services and if subscribed will be seen at the same time and on the same day as they would be seen on cable television. Programming signals are intercepted from Dish Network's satellites and decoded into either standard format or high definition format resolution for viewing on the TV set.

16

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Plans are afoot to build a new system of satellites that could bring the internet to people in Africa, Asia and South America online. Satellite company O3b (Other three billion) has received US$60 million in first stage funding from Google, HSBC and Liberty Global to start a network of 16 low earth orbit satellites. The network would deliver speeds of up to 10GBps the company claims and would be picked up by 3G Cellular/WiMax towers and distributed across the continents. The system is scheduled to go live by 2010. “Access to the Internet backbone is still severely limited in emerging markets,” Greg Wyle, NOVEMBER

founder of O3b said. “Only when emerging markets achieve affordable and ubiquitous access to the rest of the world will we observe locally generated content, widespread e-learning, telemedicine and many more enablers to social and economic growth which reflect the true value of the Internet. O3b Networks will bring multigigabit Internet speeds directly to the emerging markets, whether landlocked in Africa or isolated by water in the Pacific Islands.” The US$60 million will only cover the first stage of the network and the final project will cost ten times as much and be funded by debt equity loans.

18

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

PAY TELEVISION

Advertiser support has been the foundation for American broadcast television since the industry's beginnings. It is worth noting, however, that many experiments with direct viewer payment for television programs also have taken place throughout television history. The idea for pay television (also known variously as "toll" or "subscription" television) actually dates to television experiments of the 1920s and 1930s (at which point the method of financing a national television system had not yet been determined) and can be traced through various developmental stages leading up to modern satellite-carried pay cable program services. Many pay television systems have been proposed over the years. Some have been designed to transmit programming to subscribers' homes over the air, typically on underutilized UHF frequencies. Other systems have been designed to transmit by wire, sometimes wires shared by community antenna or cable TV systems. Various methods have been tested for ordering pay TV programming and descrambling the electronic signals. Until the proliferation of modern satellitedelivered pay-cable NOVEMBER

program services, only a small portion of the many planned pay TV systems ever reached the experimentation stage. Fewer still were used commercially. Economics certainly have had an impact on the fortunes of pay TV, as has the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) recurring hesitation to approve the systems. Even when the Commission actually granted permission for testing, final approval for commercial use tended to take many years. Furthermore, no fewer than six major FCC rulings on pay TV have been handed down over the years, only to be amended in subsequent decisions. Regulators have been aware of ongoing opposition to the various forms of pay TV on the part of commercial broadcasters and networks, movie theater owners, citizens groups, and other constituencies. In 1949, Zenith Radio Corporation petitioned the FCC for permission to test an over-the-air pay system called Phonevision. The test was run in 1951 with a group of 300 households in Chicago over a period of 90 days. Phonevision was a system of pay television that used telephone lines for both program ordering and decoding of its scrambled broadcast signal. In 1953, Skiatron Electronics and Television Corporation tested a different over-the-air system, "Subscriber-Vision," that used IBM punch cards for billing and descrambling. The programming was transmitted on New York independent station WOR during off-hours.

26

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Asia Broadcast Satellite (ABS) was established to meet the growing demands of broadcast and telecommunications operators in the Indian Ocean Region. In September 2006, with major shareholder Citigroup Venture Capital International (CVCI) and the financial backing of Asia Debt Management Capital (ADM Capital), ABS was able to successfully conclude the acquisition of the Lockheed Martin Intersputnik (LMI) satellite operator from Lockheed Martin. Since the acquisition, the LMI company has been renamed Asia Broadcast Satellite Limited (ABS) and the LMI-1 satellite has been renamed ABS-1 satellite. Headquartered in Hong Kong, ABS serves a global customer base with representatives in Asia, the Middle East, Europe and North America. Led by a management team of talented and experienced professionals, ABS offers a complete range of End-to-End solutions including Direct to Home (DTH) and Cable TV distribution (CATV), Cellular Backhaul, VSAT and Internet Backbone services with diverse IP transit through its European and Asian internet gateways. ABS currently host over 90 channels on ABS-1, making it as one of the fastest growing and top satellite distribution platform for CATV distribution in the Indian Ocean Region. The ABS-1 satellite is a high-powered Lockheed Martin A2100 AX spacecraft that NOVEMBER

was launched in September 1999, on a Proton launch vehicle from Baikonur, Russia. The ABS-1 satellite is located in the prime orbital location of 75 째E in the Indian Ocean Region and currently has more than 19 years of on-board fuel remaining as of the June 2008 health report. From this unique location, ABS-1 connects all of Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, the CIS region, Middle East, Eastern Europe and most of Africa with a total of 44 transponders: 16 Ku-band and 28 C-band. As an expansion of capacity and in-orbit backup to ABS-1, ABS plans to launch ABS-2 in Q1 2011 in the same strategic location to fulfill the unmet demands and expand its business across this region. The comprehensive footprint of the ABS-1 & ABS-2 will offer unparalleled coverage and power in the Indian Ocean Region. Asia Broadcast Satellite is actively working to create Asia's first open-access DTH neighborhood, using the Southern Beam of ABS-1. ABS-1 offers the widest coverage of any Ku-band satellite in Asia, reaching from Central Europe to the Far East. Our Southern Beam extends North to Mongolia and South to Thailand. We have established gateway teleports for easy access to our high-powered Ku-band platform from Europe and Asia, with additional fiber connectivity extending our gateways to North America.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


SHAHID PARACHA SATELLITE 8000 HD CA+USB 2.0 HDTV Receiver

1100 SUPER

4000 TV & Radio channels programmable User friendly installation with Assistant Detailed EPG for up to 14 days (depending on TV operator support) Super Fast OSD Teletext / VBI Teletext / Subtitles Fast programming Convenient channel sorting functions 8 Favorite channel groups 256 color OSD with picture in graphics Programmable sleep timer Fully DVB compliant Selectable display format Timer programming for automated channel and operation control Info banner with information about the actual event, time and available services

4020 SUPER

4000 TV & Radio channels programmable User friendly installation with Assistant Detailed EPG for up to 14 days (depending on TV operator support) Super Fast OSD Teletext / VBI Teletext / Subtitles Fast programming Convenient channel sorting functions 8 Favorite channel groups 256 color OSD with picture in graphics Programmable sleep timer Selectable display format Timer programming for automated channel and operation control PVR functionality through USB (front panel or rear panel) Info banner with information about the actual event, time and available services

LAHORE BRANCH Shop No. 10 & 11, Ijaz Centre, Hall Road, Lahore, Pakistan. Ph: 0092-42-37215434, 37214753

2200 SUPER

4000 TV & Radio channels programmable User friendly installation with Assistant Detailed EPG for up to 14 days (depending on TV operator support) Super Fast OSD Teletext / VBI Teletext / Subtitles Fast programming Convenient channel sorting functions 8 Favorite channel groups 256 color OSD with picture in graphics Programmable sleep timer Fully DVB compliant Selectable display format Timer programming for automated channel and operation control Info banner with information about the actual event, time and available services

5000 SUPER

4000 TV & Radio channels programmable User friendly installation with Assistant Detailed EPG for up to 14 days (depending on TV operator support) Super Fast OSD Teletext / VBI Teletext / Subtitles Fast programming Convenient channel sorting functions 8 Favorite channel groups 256 color OSD with picture in graphics Programmable sleep timer Selectable display format Timer programming for automated channel and operation control PVR functionality through USB (front panel or rear panel) Info banner with information about the actual event, time and available services

PESHAWAR BRANCH Shop No. 53 & 54, Amin Shopping Plaza, Block ‘A’ Heyatabad, Peshawar, Pakistan. Ph: 0092-91-5818759, 5272419


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

MASTER CODE

MASTER CODE In Order to solve the software problems of digital receivers, we are here with master codes for your better convenience.

1

Amstrad SilverLine, Cromline

0000, 3472

29

EchoStar

7604,2441,3604

2

Astrovox

8175,1250,1668,1010

30

EchoStar 2200-1200

7604

3

Aztech

1004,1111

31

EchoStar 2110, 3000, 3600

3453

4

Baff

2142

32

Euromax Em5000/7000CI

2142

5

Benjamin

1004,1250

33

EuroStar/ Euro Box

9999-0000

6

Besat

8175

34

FortecStar 5100PLUS

1010,1668,1002,1111

7

Citizen

7604

35

FortecStar Lifetime Ultra 1010,1012,9966,6699,0000

8

Coolsat

0103

36

FortecStar

1002, 1004,2228,2002,2004

9

Daewoo

8503,0500,0600

37

FortecStar 6000

1002

10

Digimaster

2606

38

FortecStar Oneworld

0914

11

Digi Box

8175

39

FortecStar Alpha/Beta

2580

12

Digital Telecom 2000

1004,0786

40

FortecStar 500

7777

13

Digital Telecom 2003/04

2999-1976

41

Galaxy

9949

14

Digital Telecom x100

42

GoldmasterSAT

3453,2606,3141 9247,1600,1700

43

Humax

0000-1234

44

Hyundai

0325,6962,8503,0500,0600

17

2046 ACTIVATE CODE (9339) 1818 Digital Telecom DB9 ACTIVATE CODE (8040) 9876 Digital Telecom X1500 D & X1001 MINI ACTIVATE CODE (PAGE UP) 1250 Digital Telecom X10 ACTIVATE CODE (7799)

45

Hyundai1100MCOM

1004

18

Digital Telecom X11

46

Kaon

Left to Right press Red, Green, Blue and Yellow buttons

15 16

3328

19

8989 Digital Telecom BLACK BOX & +1- +2 -911 ACTIVATE CODE (9999)

47

Kaon

Press Yellow key, Enter 0000 Press Blue 2 times, Press Green 2 times, Press Red 2 times, Press Menu key.

20

Digital Telecom X400

9876

48

Kaon

Yellow, Blue, Green, Menu

21

Dynavision CI-888, CI-991

1004

49

Kyoto

3453

22

Dynavision Elite CX-9900

9247

50

Lawrence

1250

23

Dynavision Elite F-6600

9247

51

MediacomMFT930I

5347

24

Dynavision CX 777

5518

52

MediacomMFT910I

1250

25

Echolink EL-700 FTA

3327

53

MediacomEXEL

1250

26

Echolink EL-707 FTA

2020

54

MediacomMCIElite

7777

27

Echolink EL-707 FTA Plus

1520

55

MediaStar

2142,8175

28

Echo Set

7176

56

Metabox1-2-3

1004

NOVEMBER

38

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

MASTER CODE

MASTER CODE In Order to solve the software problems of digital receivers, we are here with master codes for your better convenience.

57

Megastar

2606,3141

86

SonySat-Spider

8989

58

Micro-X MDR-2800 FTA

1004

87

Satcruiser

3742,3472

59

Micro-X MDR-6000 IR

1004

88

Signal

8888,5555,4444

60

Micro-X MDR-6500 IRCI

1004

89

Smart

3472,6934

61

Micro-X MDR-4000 FTA

1250

90

Starsat

1234,1361,2999,1999,9876

62

Natvision

1668,1010

91

Startrack

0786,2480

63

Neosat 9800CI

1631,6805

92

Strong

0235,0325,1361,0735

64

Neosat SX-1600 Plus

1004

93

SuperLazer 20000/1000

2142

65

Neosat SX-9800CI

2580,3842

94

SuperMax

5790

66

Neosat SX-9600

3472, 3842, 8510

95

Taplin

3453

67

Neosat SX-9800I

2142

96

TechnoSat

3724, 2374,7176, 2606,1470, 2441, 3724,1250, 6893, 8766,1497

68

Neosat9800CI(old)

8510

97

Teleman

7176,1973

69

Next Wave

8503

98

Topfield

2606,2999

70

Nokia9800-9860-9600

1234

99

Toshiba

1048

71

Nokia 9200 S

147258

100

Truman TM-150, 100Plus, 160, 155, 7000, Vege

1004

72

Opensky

0786, 1777

101

Truman TM-7000 Plus /Xtream

8191

73

OpenStar

1234

102

Truman TM-100, 200

8175-2958

74

Opentel

0937,3472

103

Vantage

1404

75

Pace

9949

104

Vestel

8277,929526

76

Panasonic

3872,3472,1470,3725,2374 105

Viva

0786

77

Pansat

1668,1010

106

VIP

0282

78

Radix

9815

106

Vortec

2002,7777

79

Samsat

0937

107

Winnersat

0963

80

Samson SSI

9876

108

Wisplus

5030

81

Samsung

0235,7777

109

Wiztech

2020

82

Samsung702

9911

110

Xcruiser 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 750, 725

1250

83

Samsung202SVACI

1631

111

XricaX5

2613

84

SamsungDSR2000

Press Menu Key, Go To System Setup And Go To System Information, Enter 0000.

112

Zinwell

8888

NOVEMBER

39

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ANALOG AND DIGITAL

A

s a technology, analog is the process of taking an audio or video signal (the human voice) and translating it into electronic pulses. Digital on the other hand is breaking the signal into a binary format where the audio or video data is represented by a series of "1"s and "0"s. Simple enough when it's the device—analog or digital phone, fax, modem, or likewise—that does all the converting for you. Digital versus analog can refer to method of input, data storage and transfer, the internal working of an instrument, and the kind of display. The word comes from the same source as the word digit and digitus.The digital technology breaks your voice (or television) signal into binary code a series of 1s and 0s transfers it to the other end where another device (phone, modem or TV) takes all the numbers and reassembles them into the original signal. The beauty of digital is that it knows what it should be when it reaches the end of the transmission. That way, it can correct any errors that may have occurred in the data transfer. What does all that mean to you? Clarity. In most cases, you'll get distortion-free conversations and clearer TV

NOVEMBER

pictures. The nature of digital technology allows it to cram lots of those 1s and 0s together into the same space an analog signal uses. Like your button-rich phone at work or your 200-plus digital cable service, that means more features can be crammed into the digital signal. Digital offers better clarity, but analog gives you richer quality. Digital like the VCR or the CD is coming down in cost and coming out in everything from cell phones to satellite dishes. Digital lines are found in large, corporate phone systems. Though digital lines carry lower voltages than analog lines, they still pose a threat to your analog equipment. Analog lines also referred to as POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service), support standard phones, fax machines, and modems. These are the lines typically found in your home or small office. There are digital-to-analog adapters that not only let you use analog equipment in a digital environment, but also safeguard against frying the internal circuitry of your phone, fax, modem, or laptop. Digital offers a better quality of sound. Proponents of digital claimed too that because digital scrambled up the signals into bursts.

42

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Triax Fibre Inside view

Optical Products

Triax is now introducing fibre optical products both for HFC- and SMATV-networks. HFC-networks consists of a 19" transmitter with laser power from 6 - 20 mW. The compact optical receiver can be delivered for return path, as well as forward path. The HFC-products include RJ-45 ethernet interface for SNMP-management. Triax is very pleased to introduce the Triax Optical LNB as well as the parts needed for installation. Triax optical LNB - TOL32 - is a universal LNB with fibre optic output for long range coverage. The LNB converts SAT-IF into an optical signal, minimizing signal loss on long distances. In the range we introduce the Triax passive optical splitter and the virtual optical converter, which converts the light signal into an electrical signal. The virtual optical converter performs a de-stacking frequency conversion into two or four universal lines for driving two or four set-top-boxes TWIN or QAUD version. A QUADRO version suited for running a normal multiswitch system is also available. To make the range of products complete we have a range of fibre optical accessories as well. You will often find adding new users to NOVEMBER

you r existing Headend/MATV installations or planning for new and complex building work is a challenge using traditional coax cabling. Traditionally Headends are installed in every building. However, due to planning regulations it is becoming common to install large coax backbone to serve multiple dwellings over large areas. This creates difficulties in planning the network due to large cable losses. The Triax HFC solution lets you combine everything in one common Headend installation while letting Optical Transmitters, Receiver Nodes and passive Fibre Optic cabling eliminate the loss between the Headend and the furthest point. This gives the advantage of only one system Headend / Array to install, support and maintain and removes cost from the total installation. The Triax HFC solution is a high performance, high quality solution

46

that ensures the full quality of your Headend reaches the community and ultimately the end user. The

Triax ORB 901 is a compact fibre optic receiver node designed to work in tandem with the OTXS-xx fibre optic transmitter. The Triax ORB 901 converts the fibre optic transmission signal back to a traditional coax based RF signal. An optional return channel plug-in board is available for initial installation or as an upgrade (ORB 911).

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Digital Satellites Emergence

W

hile satellite television has been around for several years it is recently that more and more individuals have begun to switch over to satellite television. When the satellite was first introduced it was not always available in every area due to the large dish that was required to receive the signal. In the last fifteen years the satellites have become a small dish that is easily installed on porch railings, roofs, and the sides of apartment buildings. Other satellite equipment that you will find on the market includes satellite radios. Rather than listening to the regular radio most individuals find satellite radio without commercial interruptions and constant coverage more useful in their homes and cars. When you discuss digital satellite equipment with friends you often hear many reasons why converting to this new technology is worth it. First most will tell you the equipment can be a little more expensive than just having cable television when you speak about satellite television. The difference between cable and satellite lies in the purchase of equipment. In order to get the same picture from cable as you do on a satellite you have to rent the

NOVEMBER

equipment from the service provider. This makes your overall costs increase. While purchasing satellite equipment may be expensive it is worth the picture and the one time cost. You may also find that there are deals for purchasing satellite equipment, such as buying a new television and receiving the digital satellite equipment free. So while cost may be an issue many have found it more cost effective to switch to satellite television. There are downsides to satellite television unless you have receivers for each room. The satellite is still based on having each television hooked up to the one receiver and therefore each room will have the same channel. This can be a problem when you have teenagers, but then again there are several reasons for having satellite television. While it does not make sense to most individuals, cable television tends to have more problems with weather than a satellite. Yes, rain, snow, and wind can interfere with your satellite signal, but it usually lasts a few minutes or during the worst of the storm. Cable tends to lose service because of the coaxial cable that is run all over. The cable can be cut, the weather can knock over the poles, or any number of reasons that could take days to fix.

48

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view n the past few years, satellite TV piracy has become a multimilliondollar industry in the United States, with as many as one million households, by some estimates, illegally obtaining programming from the nation's two big satellite providers, DirecTV and EchoStar. The desire to tap into satellite channels without paying the monthly fees has spawned a loose distribution network of fly-by-night dealers and Web sites, raids by law enforcement agencies, and an electronic cat-and-mouse game between the pirates and the satellite companies.

I

and the business too lucrative for the industry to disappear entirely. It will either move offshore or underground, many dealers predict, ensuring some sort of supply chain for Americans. In satellite piracy, the cards are the keys. Inserted into an inexpensive receiver, a card unlocks the streams of entertainment to a user who points a small dish antenna in the right direction. Legitimate users pay a monthly fee to unscramble the signals. But a satellite access card can be transformed to a free card through reprogramming. What was once available only by subscription --

But if piracy has become big business in the United States, it owes a lot to Canada, where until recently it was legal to receive pirated satellite signals. For now, that industry is reeling from a Canadian Supreme Court ruling in late April that it was illegal for Canadians to watch American satellite television. Stores were closed and equipment removed, and several online stores were shut down. But dealers say that the demand is too great

basic channels and premium services like HBO, pay-per-view movies and sports -can be viewed for the one low price of hiring someone to hack the card, anywhere from $20 to $50 a pop. The satellite companies and law enforcement agencies call it theft, plain and simple. The companies, which together have about 18 million paying subscribers in the United States, hesitate to put a figure on the price of satellite piracy. But cumulatively, the cost of enforcement, legal action and lost revenue has probably run into the hundreds of millions of dollars, according to industry experts. DirecTV, whose encryption system was cracked before EchoStar's, is pouring money and people into its anti-pirating division, the Office of Signal Integrity. The office helps law enforcement agencies conduct frequent raids on satellite dealers across the country.

NOVEMBER

49

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

PAKISTANI CHANNELS DIRECTORY Waseb TV

Asia Sat 3S 105.5oE

4166 H 5700 3/4

Seraiki Channel

TV-One, News One

Asia Sat 3S 105.5oE

4166 H 5700 3/4

Urdu Channel

Aaj News

Asia Sat 3S 105.5oE

PTV Home, News, World Geo News ATV A Lite / A Plus

4161 H 3040 3/4

Urdu News Channel

o

4091 V 13333 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

4180 V 26666 3/4

News Channels

o

4091 V 13333 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

4154 H 5632 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E

PTV National

Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E

4114 V 7000 3/4

Urdu Channel

PTV Global USA

Asia Sat 3S 105.5oE

Hum TV Masala TV Style 360 Madani Channel

4106 V 2894 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

4132 H 9200 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

4132 H 9200 3/4

Cooking Channel

o

4132 H 9200 3/4

Fashion Channel

o

3738 V 2815 3/4

Religious Channel

o

Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E

KTN News

Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E

4084 H 5779 3/4

Sindhi News Channel

KTN / Kashish TV

Asia Sat 3S 105.5oE

Awaz TV DM Digital Global AJK TV ZAM TV

4084 H 5779 3/4

Sindhi Music Channel

o

4176 H 2250 3/4

Sindhi Channel

o

Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E Asia Sat 3S 105.5 E

4071 H 14240 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

3777 V 3333 3/4

Urdu Channel

o

4076 H 2539 3/4

Urdu Channel

Asia Sat 5 100.5 E ChinaStar 1 87.5 E

Starlite TV/ Silver Screen/ Flim World

Thaicom 78.5 E

3960 V 30000 5/6

Movie Channels

Apna Channel

Thaicom 78.5oE

3600 V 26667 3/4

Punjabi Channel

Joo Music

Thaicom 78.5oE

Apna Channel

VTV 4 Filmazia

o

3960 V 30000 3/4

Music Channel

o

3960 V 30000 5/6

Punjabi Channel

o

3600 H 26667 3/4

Educational Channel

Thaicom 78.5 E Thaicom 78.5 E o

Thaicom 78.5 E

3960 V 30000 5/6

Movie Channel Religious Channel

Hadi TV

Thaicom 78.5 E

3431 H 13333 3/4 3452 H 7188 2/3

Good News

Thaicom 78.5oE

3960 V 30000 5/6

Christian Channel

AVT Khyber

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3796 H 7300 3/4

Pushto Channel

Khyber News

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3796 H 7300 3/4

Pushto News Channel

Waqt TV

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4003 H 2964 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Tensport Pak.

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3744 H 20770 3/4

Irdeto-2

CNBC Pak

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3810 H 3312 2/3

News Ch. Decoder

NOVEMBER

o

50

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

NOVEMBER

ARY Digital Asia/ UK Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3864 H 19890 3/4

QTV / ARY The Musik Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3864 H 19890 3/4

Urdu Channel Islamic Channel Music Channel Urdu Channel

ARY Mid. East ARY News

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

Hum TV

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3774 H 3300 2/3

Urdu Channel

Aag TV

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4124 V 19850 3/4

Music Channel Decoder Urdu News Channel

3864 H 19890 3/4

Samaa TV

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4117 H 3333 2/3

Rohi

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4143 H 3306 3/4

Seraiki Channel

Dawn News

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4127 H 3255 3/4

English News Channel

Express News

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4158 H 6510 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Dunya News

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

4150 H 6600 3/4

Urdu News Channel

AKS TV

Intelsat 7/10 68.5oE

3808 V 10340 3/4

Pakistani Movie Channel

VSH News

Paksat 38.0 oE

3809 H 2175 3/4

Balochi Channel

Royal News

Paksat 38.0 oE

3897 H 2500 3/4

Urdu Channel

Hadi TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3893 H 1770 3/4

Religious Channel

Dhoom TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

4157 V 2850 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Sindh TV/Sindh News

Paksat 38.0 oE

3753 V 6500 3/4

Sindhi Channel

Ziaqa TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3883 H 3000 3/4

Food Channel

N Vibe

Paksat 38.0 oE

3907 V 3255 3/4

Urdu Channel

Kook TV / Apna News

Paksat 38.0 oE

4145 V 6000 3/4

Punjabi News Channel Sindhi Channel

Dharti TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3735 V 3333 3/4

Mehran TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3730 V 2890 3/4

Sindhi Channel

Din News

Paksat 38.0 oE

4104 H 3000 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Zam Zam TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3724 V 3255 3/4

Islamic Channel

City 42 News

Paksat 38.0 oE

3911 V 3100 3/4

Urdu News Channel

PTV Bolan

Paksat 38.0 oE

4035 H 2894 3/4

Balochi Channel

Oye

Paksat 38.0 oE

3864 H 3790 3/4

Music Channel

Punjab TV, Star Asia

Paksat 38.0 oE

3886 H 6200 3/4

Punjabi Channel

Play TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3945 H 4700 3/4

Music Channel

Haq TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3951 H 3240 3/4

Islamic Channel

N Vibe

Paksat 38.0 oE

3956 H 3255 3/4

Urdu Channel

ARY Nick/ARY Zauq/ARY M.E.

Paksat 38.0 oE

3968 H 11480 3/4

Kids / Urdu Cooking Channel

Value TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3998 V 2850 3/4

Urdu Channel

Ravi TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3917 V 3333 3/4

Punjabi Channel

Metro One

Paksat 38.0 oE

4115 H 3333 3/4

Urdu Channel

G Kaboom

Paksat 38.0 oE

4031 H 3248 3/4

Music Channel

MTV Pakistan/Indus Vision

Paksat 38.0 oE

3814 H 4666 3/4

Music Channel

Business Plus

Paksat 38.0 oE

4110 H 3255 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Indus News

Paksat 38.0 oE

4120 H 2850 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Apna News/Kook TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

3785 H 2850 3/4

Punjabi Channel

Oxygene

Paksat 38.0 oE

3797 H 3255 3/4

Urdu Channel

Channel 5

Paksat 38.0 oE

4026 H 3255 3/4

Urdu Channel

Sohni Dharti TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

4149 V 2800 3/4

Agricultural Channel

Sabzbaat Balochistan

Paksat 38.0 oE

3819 V 2222 3/4

Balochi Channel Islamic Channel

Kohenoor TV

Paksat 38.0 oE

4153 V 3333 3/4

PTV Global

EuroBird-1 28.5 oE

11224 V 27500 3/4

Urdu Channel

Aapna Des

EuroBird-1 28.5 oE

11260 V 27500 2/3

Kashmiri Channel Urdu News Channel

ARY News

EuroBird-1 28.5 oE

11390 V 27500 2/3

Geo UK/Aag TV/QTV

EuroBird-1 28.5 oE

11426 V 27500 2/3

Urdu Channels

DM News

EuroBird-1 28.5 oE

11344 H 27500 2/3

Urdu News Channel

ARY Digital M.E

Nilesat 101 7.0 oW

11804 H 27500 3/4

Urdu Channel Decoder

Geo USA

Nilesat 101 7.0 oW

11881 H 27500 3/4

Urdu Channel Decoder

Aaj TV

Nilesat 101 7.0 oW

10930 H 27500 3/4

Urdu News Channel

Dawn News

Nilesat 101 7.0 oW

12303 H 27500 3/4

English News Channel

51

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

IPSTAR The satellite communication project called IPSTAR was first developed in 1997 by Shin Satellite of Thailand. The project's aim was to deliver an inexpensive broadband satellite better suited to consumer markets. This project included a broadband satellite with more advanced ground system capabilities. The model for the IPSTAR ground system was first field deployed in the year 2000 using IPSTAR first generation services on conventional satellites. These first generation services are still available in various countries on Thaicom, INSAT, APSTAR and ST-1 satellites. IPSTAR (also known as Thaicom-4), the world largest broadband satellite, was launched from the space port in Kourou, French Guiana, South America in late 2005,. The satellite is now located at 119.5 degrees east, providing its 45 gigabits per second capacity through 94 beams, covering all of the Asia Pacific Region. This satellite and its ground systems is being used for digital high-speed Internet services, and can support all-IP applications. Even though IPSTAR is designed for IP applications, it is not used just in broadband markets. It is applicable to other telecom infrastructures such as rural telephony, e-government, e-medicine and distance learning. As of 2007, there NOVEMBER

in thailand

were almost eighty thousand dishes deployed in the Asia Pacific region addressing those markets. The idea of distance learning on IPSTAR was first explored in Cambodia around year 2002. Shin Satellite donated 3 initial sets of IPSTAR equipment to schools in a remote area of Cambodia. Without electricity, the IPSTAR terminals were fed by a diesel generator and solar panels. These terminals provided education to poor children, but they also provided connections between a local hospital and the capital city, even linking in Harvard Medical School for consultation. This project was the result of a cooperative effort between Shin Satellite and Media Lab of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that followed a child-centered approach to education allowing children to learn how to work in the real world, using appropriate technology, and by experimenting themselves. Due to its nationwide coverage, fast deployment and low cost equipment, IPSTAR was selected and commissioned by the Ministry to provide Internet access and voice services in a large project that would include more than 10,000 schools. The strength of IPSTAR is not only in providing Internet access at broadband speeds, but also in providing multicast and broadcast features, which are characteristic of satellite communication.

53

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Launches Eutelsat in France Eutelsat Communications (Euronext Paris: ETL) and its first partners, Numeo and Sat2Way, has announced the immediate launch in France of broadband access at no more than 35 euros a month, equipment included. This new initiative is consistent with Action No. 1 of the "Digital France 2012� Plan announced by the French government in October 2008, which aims to foster the emergence of broadband offers by 1 January 2012 so that all homes in France are guaranteed access to broadband at reasonable cost and irrespective of their location. The satellite broadband solution proposed by Eutelsat and its partners is based on the Tooway(TM) service which delivers downlink speeds to user PCs of 2 Mbps and speeds from the user on the transmit side of 384 kbps. To access Tooway(TM), users require a dish and modem which are included in the monthly subscription fee proposed by Numeo and Sat2Way. With no requirement for a telephone line, Tooway(TM) enables homes to benefit from broadband connectivity at speeds equivalent to ADSL. Service providers can also propose complementary services, including antivirus and antispam and can also build triple-play offers combining Internet access, Voice over IP and IPTV channels. Tooway(TM) is an individual-access broadband solution for consumers and small enterprises, and can also be deployed as a cost-efficient add-on NOVEMBER

facility to extend departmental or regional telecommunications infrastructure to users beyond range of ADSL. Elsewhere in Europe, Swisscom, Switzerland's national telecommunications operator, the ISP Fastweb in Italy and Telecable and Distecable in Spain have already selected Tooway(TM) to meet the demands of users and authorities to extend broadband access at regional and national scale. Tooway(TM) is currently available using Ka-band capacity on Eutelsat's HOT BIRD(TM) 6 satellite. In 2010 Eutelsat will deploy a new satellite infrastructure to support the service's widescale deployment throughout Europe. Specifically dedicated to broadband access, Eutelsat's KA-SAT satellite and ground infrastructure will offer consumers a broadband solution meeting evolving high bitrate applications by offering performance levels comparable to ADSL 2, with speeds to the user of 10 Mbps. Eutelsat Communications is the holding company of Eutelsat S.A., the leading European satellite operator and one of the three top operators in the world for the supply of fixed satellite services. Where the space, telecoms and audiovisual industries converge, our Group is at the heart of the new challenges facing the digital economy through its ability to make broadband facilities available for people to access information worldwide.

56

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


we provide digital headends complete solution from Grundig Scupus Motorola Tandberg Scientific Atlanta Arris Harmonics Blankom Drake


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

PANAMSAT CORPORATION

PanAmSat Corporation is one of the world's top three satellite operators managing a global fleet of 30 satellites, 23 of which are wholly-owned by the Company, for the delivery of news, sports and other television programming. In total, this fleet is capable of reaching more than 98 percent of the world's population through cable television systems, broadcast affiliates, direct-to-home operators, Internet service providers and telecommunications companies. In addition, PanAmSat supports the largest concentration of satellite-based business networks in the US, as well as specialized communications services in remote areas throughout the world. PanAmSat is 81 percent owned by Hughes Electronics Corporation. PanAmSat Corporation is a leading provider of satellite operations, serving markets in all parts of the globe. The company keeps aloft a fleet of over 20 satellites, which allow hundreds of customers to broadcast television and video programming to millions of households worldwide. PanAmSat serves prominent news organizations such as the BBC, the Associated Press, Bloomberg, and many more, and carries cable programming for Disney, AOL Time-Warner, Viacom, China Central Television, and many others. The company's satellites carry over 500 channels of so-called direct to home television programming. PanAmSat's NOVEMBER

satellites also provide telecommunications service to communications companies on five continents, and provides streaming video capacity over the Internet to computer networks in countries such as Australia, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Peru, Chile, and Argentina. The company has eleven offices worldwide, and seven technical ground facilities. The company was founded by a maverick television executive, Reynold Anselmo, who was the first to challenge the existing satellite monopoly, Intelsat. PanAmSat is now 80 percent owned by Hughes Electronics, a subsidiary of General Motors. PanAmSat was founded in 1984 by Reynold ("Rene") Anselmo, who had made his career bringing Spanish-language television programming to the United States. He was born in 1926 in Bedford, Massachusetts, a community outside Boston. His father was born in Italy but raised in Chile and Argentina, and eventually became postmaster of Quincy, Massachusetts. Anselmo was apparently restless and headstrong as a youth. PanAmSat effectively broke the monopoly on international satellite communications which was held by Intelsat, an international treaty-based organization founded and owned by several countries including the United States.

59

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

AROUND THE SATELLITE WORLD

TELESAT'S TELSTAR 11N SATELLITE BEGINS COMMERCIAL SERVICE Telesat, the world's fourth-largest fixed satellite service operator, announced today that it has begun commercial service on its state-of-the-art Telstar 11N satellite. Telstar 11N is located at 37.5 degrees West and utilizes 39 high powered Ku-band transponders to support a wide range of video and data applications in North America, Europe and Africa and across the Atlantic Ocean. "The entry into service of Telstar 11N is an important achievement that will drive Telesat's growth in

international markets for years to come," said Dan Goldberg, President and CEO of Telesat. "This is a new satellite in a highly desirable orbital location that enables Telstar 11N to provide full coverage of prime Atlantic shipping routes while connecting three continents. Telstar 11N is a promising and timely addition to our global satellite fleet." As previously announced, Telstar 11N is the first satellite to provide Ku-band coverage of the Atlantic Ocean from the Arctic Circle to the equator. Commercial and government customers in shipping and aviation are seeking this capability to deploy cost-effective, full time NOVEMBER

mobile broadband solutions using very small aperture terminals or VSATs. The satellite's African coverage is promoting the implementation of broadband and video services across the continent and enabling a broad range of users to seamlessly connect their African operations with Europe and North America.

BB SAT BEGINS JAPAN SATELLITE BROADBAND SERVICE BB SAT Co., Ltd. (Japan) has announced the commencement of its satellite broadband service in Japan. The service, aimed primarily at consumers and SME/SOHO customers, will provide service to Japan's Digital Divide areas and to ADSL users who, because of distance from ADSL provisioning facilities, receive poor quality service. The BB SAT service will provide 2.5 Mbps in the forward direction and 512 kbps in the return direction. These are the highest speed consumer-priced broadband services presently offered by satellite. Customers will pay 5,000 yen ($51) monthly for the service plus a terminal rental fee. "We are sure this service can meet the demanding needs of today's information-oriented Japanese society. BB SAT is a key part of the plan to make universal broadband a reality in Japan," said James Beitchman, president of BB SAT.

60

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

AROUND THE SATELLITE WORLD

MAKKAL TV BANNED IN SRI LANKA Makkal TV has been banned in Sri Lanka. The ban has been imposed in all the regions under the Srilankan army's control-the cable operators have been ordered to stop telecasting our TV Channel with immediate effect. "As part of our voyage to deliver truth, we have been tirelessly exploring

untold truths hidden behind the genocide that's happening in the name of war against terror in our very neighborhood, Srilanka" says a Makkal TV press release. "The myopic decision to ban our TV Channel only make it more evident that the Srilankan government is going off the track from the paths of democracy, peace and humanity" adds the release. B.B.C and some other international media have also been banned by the Srilanka government.

110 PAY CHANNELS ARE ON CABLE NETWORKS IN INDIA There are 110 pay and 180 free-to-air channels jostling for space on Indian cable networks, according to information provided by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India based on data collected from various multi-system operators

(MSOs). Overall, there are 129 pay channels as on 31 December 2008. This is based on data provided by 19 broadcasters or their distributors to the sector regulator. Trai has also updated the figures for digital set-top NOVEMBER

boxes in Cas (conditional access system) areas till 31 December, 2008. The number of digital STBs has increased to 767,616, up 6.95 per cent from the previous quarter. The DTH subscriber base, served by five private operators, has touched 11.1 million till 31 December, 2008. In the radio business, apart from All India Radio, there are 245 operational private FM Radio stations across India, said Trai. In the three months, September-December only nine FM channels have been launched. Trai said that out of 60 licensees of community radio stations, 41 are in operation. In the previous quarter (ending 30 September), there were 57 community radio station licensees, out of which 36 were operational.

DISRUPTION FOR VIEWERS IN TV DIGITAL SWITCH Television viewers can expect disruption to their service today ahead of next week's digital switchover. Analogue television

viewers in Torquay are being warned to expect interruption to daytime television between 10am and 4pm as engineers work to fit new equipment to make digital TV available in the resort. The switchover begins in Torbay and South Devon on Wednesday, April 8, when the first analogue

channel is due to be permanently switched off in the West Country. Digital UK is the organisation leading the switchover.

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18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SATELLITE TROUBLE SHOOTER

SATELLITE

TROUBLE SHOOTER

DIREC TV What is the difference between satellite TV and a dish network or DirecTV? (Rehan Amin, Karachi) A: Satellite TV is a huge style dish made in the 90's usually but is the same as Dish Network and Directv. Also Satellite TV is another way of bringing you your network and local and favorite channels without having to pay a corporate company such as Cableone or Classic or COX or Cambridge. Dish Network and Directv or DTV. The differences in these two are simple... Basically here's the deal Dish Network runs of 6 Great Huge Satellites but only uses 2 to 3 depending on your local stations. Directv uses 4 satellites but they are overloaded with 20 million customers and cause Directv to pixelate or lose signal while Dish Network can hold 20 million and not pixelate or lose signal.

SAVING TELEVISION CHANNELS

do you program and Q:2How permanently save TV channels

without losing them when the receiver is restarted? (Ashfaq Azim, Islamabad) A: I'm not understanding the question. You are you talking the sterio receiver or TV

receiver? If it is the TV, then you would have to do a "scan channels" as some TV call it. other TV's say "add channels" either or and some will say something along those lines. but if you have a black out it most likely will lose the channels on some TV's. before watching channels, scanning is must. NOVEMBER

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SATELLITE TROUBLE SHOOTER

SATELLITE TV did satellite television Q:3How originate? (Taimour Khan, Peshawar) A: In 1945, scientist Maya Kaneko visualized the placement of objects 22,300 miles in orbit above the earth's surface, where these objects would supposedly hover above the earth without moving. These

TV? (Jamil Rehman, Quetta) A: There is no such thing as free cable television. Or, at least, there is no such thing as free legal cable television. You have to pay whether you want cable service or a satellite service. People who offer you free cable television access the cable companies' signals without the knowledge of the cable companies. They then give you these signals for free. But this is against the law and is known as "Theft of Service."

SHARING FTA RECEIVERS

do you share an FTA Receiver Q:5How with more than one TV set with objects (or satellites as we call them now) would be able to send and receive signals from the earth. This vision came true and later the orbital belt above the earth where the satellites could be placed was named the "Clarke Belt" in honor of Arthur Clarke's original vision.

each viewer watching a different channel? (Ahmed Qureshi, Lahore)

CABLE TV should you pay for satellite TV Q:4Why when you can receive free cable

A: It is not possible because the dish people or whichever provider you have does not want that to happen they want you to have to buy more from them so they can make more profit. I have tried but if you use a splitter and have wire to another room you can just be watching TV in your room when people are not watching on the other. It is very confusing to say but it is easy to get once you think about it.

NOVEMBER

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SATELLITE TROUBLE SHOOTER

AMERICAN TV you receive any American TV Q:6 Can stations through satellite cable or a PC in the UK? (Steward Rumi, by e-mail) A: Satellite cable or PC. Sure, but the limits are that the equipment is different there and the actual channels are also different. So you cant take a DirectTV receiver over there and

expect to see anything. Now if you want to find , say, discovery channel on dish network? Probably not going to find it. They might get discovery channel but you wont find dish network since its satellites point toward the united states.

FULL SIGNALS Why I am not getting a full signal on your satellite TV? (Ghulam Sardar, Huderabad) A: Position of the satellites in space and the way the signal is manipulated will give some areas a large signal and others a smaller one. think of it like a flashlight. when you shine it on a wall the center is very bright and the edges less so. If you are at the outer edge the signal will be less. Also the small dishes signals are subject to line of sight. So anything that can get in the way will cut the signal. Again the flashlight. If a branch or piece of paper is placed in front of the light then the light is reduced.

Q:7

NOVEMBER

SATELLITE DISH you increase the power of a Q:8 Can satellite dish by increasing its circumfrance? (Sajid Hussain, Balochistan) A: No, a receiving dish is used to capture signals only. However, by increasing the circumference you can increase the received signal. However, you're also dealing with a concaved surface and the receiving portion of the dish assembly, usually called an LNA

(low noise amplifier) or an LNB (low noise block) would have to have its length from the center of the dish extended to maintain its focal point.

UHF ANTENNA you use your old UHF Q:10Can antenna with a new HDTV and will it pick up broadcast HDTV signals? (Imran Aslam, by e-mail) A: To answer your question simply, yes, you can pick up over the air HD signals from

your analog antenna. As a matter of fact that's how I have my HDTV set up. I just read somewhere recently, but can't recall where, that over the air HD is a much cleaner signal or much better picture than cable or sat. I don't have cable or satellite but just use the antenna that I have hanging in my attic. What you will discover, depending on your location and signal strength I'd imagine, is that you will not only receive your regular network broadcast but additional stations as well.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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2011


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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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www.tracksat.com

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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Inside view

ROLE OF COMMUNICATION SATELLITES

In the context of a worldwide military communications network, satellite communications systems are very important. Satellite communications links add capacity to existing communications capabilities and provide additional alternate routings for communications traffic. Satellite links, as one of several kinds of long-distance links, interconnect switching centers located strategically around the world. They are part of the defense communication systems (DCS) network. One important aspect of the satellite communications network is that it continues in operation under conditions that sometimes render other methods of communications inoperable. Because of this, satellites make a significant contribution to improved reliability of Navy communications. Satellite communications have unique advantages over conventional long distance transmissions. Satellite links are unaffected by the propagation variations that interfere with hf radio. They are also free from the high attenuation of wire or cable facilities and are capable of spanning long distances. The numerous repeater stations required for line-of-sight or troposcatter links are no longer needed. They furnish the reliability and flexibility of service that is needed to support a military operation. The present military communications satellite system is capable of communications between backpack, airborne, and shipboard terminals. The NOVEMBER

system is capable of handling thousands of communications channels. Communications satellite frequencies are not dependent upon reflection or refraction and are affected only slightly by atmospheric phenomena. The reliability of satellite communications systems is limited only by the equipment reliability and the skill of operating and maintenance personnel. Vulnerability Destruction of an orbiting vehicle by an enemy is possible. However, destruction of a single communications satellite would be quite difficult and expensive. The cost would be excessive compared to the tactical advantage gained. It would be particularly difficult to destroy an entire multiplesatellite system such as the twenty-six random-orbit satellite system currently in use. The earth terminals offer a more attractive target for physical destruction. These can be protected by the same measures that are taken to protect other vital installations. A high degree of freedom from jamming damage is provided by the highly directional antennas at the earth terminals. The wide bandwidth system that can accommodate sophisticated anti-jam modulation techniques also lessens vulnerability. Communications satellites are often in geostationary orbit. At the high orbital altitude of 35,800 kilometers, a geostationary satellite orbits the Earth in the same amount of time it takes the Earth to revolve once.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view The establishment of the China Education Television (CETV) station in July 1986, the broadcast of the first special TV channel for satellite education and the opening of the second special channel are widely regarded as three milestones in the early stage of satellite distance education in China. Satellite distance education in China has been developing with the rapid growth of the Chinese economy, the nation's attaching greater importance to education and the enlarging of society's need for education. In October 1996, the third channel of CETV (CETV3) began to broadcast officially. In 1997, Tsinghua University set up the first modern distance education system of China, and for the first time in China,

(CERNET) and satellite TV education network, making use of cable-TV networks and communication networks of all districts to promote the development of a modern distance education system for China. In 2000, the “Project for Reconstructing China Satellite TV Education Network” and the “Project of Expanding CERNET's Capability” was begun, and the engineering and constructing of educational resources commenced at that same time. In September 2000, MoE ratified and began a “Demonstration Program for Reducing Poverty via Modern Distance Education”; In October 2000, China Education Broadband Satellite network (CEBSat) was launched, which showed that China's

SATELLITE DISTANCE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT IN

CHINA applied digital technology and transmitted educational programs via satellite. In 1998, Ministry of Education (MoE) of the P.R.C. initiated modern distance education and designated Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University, Beijing University of Posts and Communication and Hunan University as the first batch of experimental units. Since that time, these universities have successively established their own distance education networks. In 1999, the State Council ratified the “Action Scheme for Invigorating Education towards the 21st Century” put forward by MoE, declaring that it would construct a modern distance education network based on China Education and Research Network NOVEMBER

modern educational technology had entered into a new era. In February 2001, Li Ka Shing announced in Guizhou province that the “Project of Modern Distance Education for Western Primary and junior Secondary Schools” would start. MoE and Li Ka Shing Foundation decided to implement jointly the program of poverty-reduction and the project of modern distance education for western primary and junior secondary schools, which would in two years build approximately ten thousand demonstration schools that could receive educational resources and information through the CEBSat multimedia platform in poor counties and towns of western China.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

TECHNOLOGY BEHIND SATELLITE TV It's a good idea to understand how satellite TV works, it is the future of television after all. Usually, highly elliptical or geostationary satellites that orbit above the earth's equator are used for television relays. Satellite television begins by receiving transmission through antenna connected to the uplink facility. The dishes used in uplink satellites are considerably larger in size (about 30 to 40 feet diameter). This increased diameter leads in providing more accurate aiming and enhanced signal strength. Such uplink dish is positioned in a way that its faces toward a particular satellite. Signals from this uplink dish are transmitted within a particular frequency range. This enables the transponders tuned to similar frequency range to receive the signals. These received signals are then retransmitted by the transponder back to the earth with different frequency range. This signal path - retransmitted by satellite and received by earth station - is known as the downlink. A satellite may have up to 32 transponders or 24 transponders for Kuband and C-band only satellites respectively. A transponder has bandwidth

NOVEMBER

of approximately 36 to 50 Mbits/s. Every geo-stationary C-band satellite is spaced 2 degrees from another satellite for preventing possibility of interference. 1 degree spacing is considered adequate for K band. It is evident from the above that there is a maximum limit of 360/2 = 180 and 360/1 = 360 for geostationary C-band satellites and geostationary Ku-band satellites respectively. Transmission received through C-band can be affected by the terrestrial interference while transmission received through Ku-band is susceptible to the water (rain). A parabolic dish receives the signals transmitted by the downlink and reflects these signals back to the focal point of the dish. A device known as feed horn is mounted at the focal point of the dish. In fact, f the feed horn is a front-end section of a waveguide. This waveguide collects the signals at the focal point, conducts the signals towards pickup connected to an LBN (Low-noise block) down-converter. The main function of LNB is to amplify the signals, filter the frequencies and convert the frequency to a lower frequency range. In earlier days Low Noise Amplifiers connected at dish's focal point were used in C-Band satellite TV systems. During those periods, 50 Ohm impedance cables were used for sending the amplified signal to indoor receiver. These 50 Ohm coaxial cables were considered very expensive.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


PARAS HD ELECTRONICS

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Phone: 061-6772740 Mobile: 0300-9637414 PARAS DEALER:

MUHAMMAD IMTIAZ


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Satellite Reception In a relatively short time, satellites have become an essential part of global communication. In 1960, the first TV satellite, named Echo, was launched. It was basically not much more than a reflector, which reflected the TV signals it received from earth. Two years later Telstar followed, which was the first so-called active TV satellite. Instead of only reflecting the incoming signals, it also converted the signals in order to avoid interference between the incoming and outgoing signals. Telstar had a rotational speed which was different from the rotational velocity of the earth, so it had to be followed very accurately by both transmission and reception stations. In 1964, this problem was solved, when the first earth-synchronous satellite, Syncom, was launched. Many others have followed since. The most well known is probably Intelsat I, which was launched in 1965. By 1969 the satellite net had expanded to a worldwide communication and TV network. In December 1982, the Astra I satellite was launched, which generated new interest in satellites from the general public in Europe. With its coming it has become possible for people in Europe to receive TV and radio transmissions with a small dish antenna. All current NOVEMBER

communication satellites are earthsynchronous or geo-stationary. This means they circle the earth in a specified orbit, at the same speed as the earth itself. As a result, they appear to stand still. All geostationary satellites revolve around the earth at a height of 36,000 km, precisely over the equator. Here, the centrifugal and gravitational forces of the earth are in equilibrium, ensuring that the satellites stay in their position and do not fall back to earth. Their speed is approximately 11,000 km per hour and the distance to Central Europe is approximately 41,000 km. As neither the distance nor the position over the equator changes, transmission and receiving stations can remain fixed, maintaining their aim at the satellite. The geo-stationary orbit where the satellites are in is also called the Clarke Belt, named after Arthur C. Clarke. He was a British writer and scientist who first proposed the idea of the geo-stationary orbit used by today's satellites. Non-geo-stationary satellites are used for applications such as weather observations, military surveillance and experiments. Most of them orbit the earth at a lower altitude than the geostationary satellites. Their orbital speed must therefore be faster, or else the earth's gravity would pull them down. The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Channels

t e cy rity at EC nd nc en ola S/R F Ba /E r u l C eq P Fr

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 06-10 ft

Be

am

ABS 5 (146°E)

Dish Size 08 ft

Asiasat 4 (122° E) 4

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Chinasat 6B(115.5°E) 6B

Express AM 3 (140°E) AM 3

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 08-10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Apstar 6 (134°E) 6

JC Sat 3 (128.8° E) 3

Telestar 18 (138°E)18

November

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 06-12ft

DIGITAL CHART

Telkom1&AAP-1(108.2째E)

Palapa C-2 & Koreasat 2 (113째 E) 2 C-2

Dish Size 08 ft

November

Asiasat 3S (105.5째E) 3S

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 04-06 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Asiasat 5 (100.5째E) 5

Dish Size 10 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 06-10 ft

Measat 1 (91.5째E)1

Insat 3A (93.5째E) 3A

NSS 6 (95째E) 6

November

85

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 08 ft

Yamal 201 (90째E) 201

November

DIGITAL CHART

Dish Size 04-06 ft

ST 1 (88째E) 1

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Intelsat 709(85.2째E) 709

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Insat 2E/3B/4A(83째E) 2E/3B/4A

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Thaicom 5 (78.5째E)

DIGITAL CHART

2/5

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

November

Eutelsat W75 / ABS 1 (75째E)

Telstar 10 (76.5째E) 2/3

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


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Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Insat 3C/4CR (74.0째E) 3C/4CR

Eutelsat W5 (70.5째E) W5

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Intelsat 906 (64째 E) 906

Intelsat 7/10(68.5째E) 7/10

November

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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Complete Guide of Digital Channels Dish Size 06-08 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Astra 2D (28.2°E) 2D

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 10-12 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Astra 1D/3A (23.5°E)1D/3A

Badr 4/6 (26°E) 4/6

Dish Size 08 ft

November

EuroBird 2 (25.5°E) 2

92

Eutelsat W-6 (21.6° E)W-6

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

DIGITAL CHART Dish Size 10-12 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 10-12 ft

Eutelsat Seasat 1(15째E) 1

Afristar (20.0째E)

Astra 1F/1H/1KR/1L/1M (19.2째E) 1F/1H/1KR/1L/1M

Dish Size 10-12 ft

November

93

Hot Bird 6//8/9 (13째E) 6/8/9

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

November

DIGITAL CHART

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

DIGITAL CHART

Dish Size 10 ft

Dish Size 12 ft

Dish Size 10 ft

EuroBird 9 (9.0째E)

Eutelsat W3 (7째E) W3

9

Eutelsat W2A (10째E) W2A

Dish Size 10 ft

November

95

Astra 4A (4.8째E) 4A

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

DIGITAL CHART

Dish Size 8 ft

Dish Size 12 ft

Atlantic Bird 3 (5째W) 2

Thor 2/3/5 (0.8째W) 2/3/5

Dish Size 10 ft

November

Amos 2(4째W) 2

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Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Nilesat 101/102-(7째W) AtlanticBird-4 4

Dish Size 8 ft

Atlantic Bird 2 (8째W) 2

Dish Size 8 ft

Atlantic Bird 1 (12.5째W)

Dish Size 8 ft

November

97

Telstar 12 (15째W)

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2011


18 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital & HD Channels

DIGITAL & HDTV CHART

Badr 4/6 (26.0°E) 4/6

Dish Size 8 ft

Intelsat 901 (18.0°W)

HDTV CHANNELS ARE AS BELOW: Optus D1 (160.0°E) Dish Size 8 ft

Astra 1D (23.5°E) 1D Hispasat 1C/1D (30.0°W)

Koreasat 6 (116.0°E)

6

Astra 1H-1M (19.2°E) 1H-1M

ChinaSat 6B (115.0°E) 6B

Asiasat 5 (100.5°E) 3S

Hot Bird 6/7A/9 (13.0°E) 6/7A/9

Measat 1 (91.5°E)1

EuroBird 9A (9.0°E)

9A

Türksat 2A (42.0°E) 2A

Hellas Sat 2 (39.0°E) 2 Dish Size 8 ft

Eutelsat W3A (7.0°E)

W3A

Intelsat 903 (34.5°W)

Eutelsat W4 (36.0°E) W4

Eurobird 1 & Astra 2A/2B/2D (28.2°E) 1

2A/2B/2D

24th Oct 2011 Last Updated On 24th Oct 2011 for more detail log-on to www.tracksat.com

November

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