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IVISIO 9500

TWIN PRO HD 9818

MINI S200 MX PVR

SB 9600X PVR HDMI

Z300

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Sheikh Mustafa, Bin Mohammed Al Ustad Building, Shop No. 5, Nakheel Road, Street No. 21, Deira, Dubai-U.A.E. Tel : +971 4 238 5872 Fax : +971 4 238 5871 Email : rashad@super-box.tv Web : www.super-box.tv


International Monthly Magazine

VOLUME: 19 - No: 07

Editor-in-Chief HABIB HADI hadi@tracksat.com Managing Editors SUROOSH IZNA Editor SUMERA HADI Associate Editor SHOUKAT IQBAL KHATTAK Technical Editor HAIDER ALI dishtech@tracksat.com Advertising Manager NAVEED JAMEEL uzair_nomi80@hotmail.com Layout Designer NAVEED AHMED KHAN Accounts Manager S.ASHRAF-UL-HAQ Legal Advisor QAZI MUNAWAR ALAM Editorial Address: Dawood Centre, 101-1st Floor, 124,R, Block-2, Main Tariq Road, P.E.C.H.S., Karachi-Pakistan. Tel. : + 92-21- 34531122, 34531133 : + 92-21- 34316529, 34316530 Fax: : + 92-21- 34528822 E-mail: channels@cyber.net.pk hadi@tracksat.com Distributors UAE Emirates Printing Publishing & Distribution Co. Tel.: (04) 2660337 Ext. 204 SAUDI ARABIA Al-Adabiya Pub & Distributors Tel.: 671 5788 KUWAIT United Company for Distribution of Newspapers & Publications Tel.: (965) 245 6198-(965) 241 2820 BAHRAIN Al Ayam Publishing Est. B.S.C. (C) Tel. : 725111 PAKISTAN Paradise Books & Distributors Tel: + 92-21-4314981-83 Fax: + 92-21-4385075 EGYPT Al-Ahram Tel.: 5796997 QATAR Naz Book Distribution Tel.: +974 4324235, +974 5562809 TURKEY Ukrainian Distribution Tel.: +38 044 261 5876 JORDAN Jordan Distribution Agency Tel.: 962 6 533 7733 IRAQ Al-Khalil Distribution NETHERLANDS Van Gelderen UNITED KINGDOM Golden Publication Ltd. KENYA National Group Ltd. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Future Empire Network Corp. Publisher HABIB HADI Dish Channels is printed on the 1st of every month by Dish Channels Karachi. Dish Channels is Non-Political & NonPatrisian Publication. While every effort is made to ensure accuracy, we cannot bear responsibility for losses resulting from errors. Printed By: PRINTING IMPRESSION, KARACHI

JULY – 2012

LETTER FROM EDITOR Dear Readers, A satellite Internet connection is an arrangement in which the upstream (outgoing) and the downstream (incoming) data are sent from, and arrive at, a computer through a satellite. Each subscriber's hardware includes a satellite dish antenna and a transceiver (transmitter/receiver) that operates in the microwave portion of the radio spectrum. In a two-way satellite Internet connection, the upstream data is usually sent at a slower speed than the downstream data arrives. Thus, the connection is asymmetric. A dish antenna, measuring about two feet high by three feet wide by three feet deep, transmits and receives signals. Uplink speeds are nominally 50 to 150 Kbps for a subscriber using a single computer. The downlink occurs at speeds ranging from about 150 Kbps to more than 1200 Kbps, depending on factors such as Internet traffic, the capacity of the server, and the sizes of downloaded files. Satellite Internet systems are an excellent, although rather pricey, option for people in rural areas where Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) and cable modem connections are not available.

e

By

S AT MART


Contents

230th LEGEND ISSUE OF PUBLICATIONS

Letter from Editor

8

Television in Japan

47

Global Flash News

12

A Simple Guide to

48

The Role of Satellite in the

18

Setting up a Motorized

50

Sat Mart

20

The Advantages of a...

52

Technomate (Test Report)

24

Problems with DVB-S

53

3D TV via Satellite

26

The Importance of...

56

Inpax X-9100 (Test Report)

28

Obtaining UK Television

58

Inpax X-9100 (Test Report)

29

How to set LNB power

59

The Variety of Satellite

30

Around the Satellite World

60

Homecast (Test Report)

32

Trouble Shooter

64

Homecast (Test Report)

33

Search Satellite

67

Mobile TV Growing Fast...

34

How to Hook up a MPEG...

75

Anga Cable

36

Digital Switchover

76

Comparing Satellite

40

Head-End in the Sky...

77

Comparing Satellite

41

Directional Chart

78

Digital Cable & DTH

42

Digital TV Antennas and...

81

Multi Switch Installation

44

Ku-Band, the future of...

82

The Global DTH Market

46

Digital Chart

83

TEST REPORTS

Technomate TM-7100 HD

Inpax X-9100 Linux PVR INPAX

X-9100 Linux PVR

Homecast Linkbox HD

ARTICLES VIEW Mobile TV Growing Fast in India

Problems with DVB-S Digital Switchover How to Hook Up a MPEG Satellite Receiver

The Role of Satellite in the Future Internet 18

34

53

75

76


SG-7000 HD

HD DIGITALSATELLITE FINDER

SL-X4000 HD

NB-502 DISEQC SWITCH


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS

THAILAND TO ADOPT DVB-T2 Thailand will adopt the European digital video broadcasting terrestrial 2 (DVB-T2) standard for terrestrial digital TV service, says the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission. DVBT2, the extension of the television standard DVB-T, is used in 38 countries worldwide & supports HDTV. The change to digital TV will affect all 20 million households in Thailand. Under Thailand's digital migration roadmap, the digital switch-over will begin within four years and completely change 80% of households in major cities to the digital system within five years. The switchover of all households to digital TV is expected to take 10 years.

ZEE HD IN UAE Zee TV and Zee Cinema are now available in High Definition in the UAE. Etisalat is the first operator in the region to offer Zee

HD channels to its customers in the UAE as part of its eLife TV offering. The HD channels will together be offered at a price of AED 10 per Zee Family subscriber per month.

JULY

DIGITAL TV GROWS IN SWITZERLAND

Cable operators in Switzerland have recorded strong growth for their digital services in Q1 2012. Digital cable TV grew 35% (298,400 customers) to a total of 1.14 million households. The share of digital TV households among cable customers stood at 41% on 31 March 2012 while it was 30% a year ago. The cable operators also acquired 75,100 new customers (+9.3%) for internet access and 61,300 new customers (+14%) for telephony. A total of 879,800 Swiss households now surf the net through a cable subscription while 501,200 have signed up for cable telephony.

SKY NEWS LAUNCHES ARABIC TV NEWS NETWORK Sky News, a 24-hour British and international satellite television news broadcaster, launched a new TV channel bringing its news to about 50 million houses across the Middle East and North Africa. The channel is a joint venture between BSkyB and Abu Dhabi Media Investment Corp. The new network is based in Abu Dhabi and will broadcast on Arabsat Badr 4, Nilesat 201, on du IPTV and e-Life platforms plus in HD on the OSN pay-TV platform as well as the Abu Dhabi TV Network.

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2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

CHINA LAUNCHES TELECOMMUNICATION SATELLITE China successfully sent a telecommunication satellite, "ChinaSat 2A," into orbit, using a Long March-3B carrier rocket launched from the southwestern Xichang Satellite Launch Center. The rocket blasted off at 11:56 pm Beijing time. The satellite, developed by China Academy of Space Technology, will be used to meet the demands for China's radio and TV broadcasting and broadband multimedia transmissions, according to China Satellite Communications Co. Ltd. The launch marked the 163th mission of the Long March carrier rocket series developed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology under China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.

JAPAN LAUNCHES FIRST FOREIGN-MADE COMMERCIAL SATELLITE Japan has completed its first successful commercial launch of a foreign-made satellite. The H-2A rocket blasted off from the space centre on Tanegashima Island in southern Japan. The South Korean satellite separated from the rocket 16 minutes after launch, followed by three Japanese satellites. This marks Japan's entry into the launch business. The South Korean satellite, the KOMPSAT-3, is a multipurpose observation satellite developed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, said a Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Jaxa) press release. One of the Japanese satellites, the Shinzuku, would be used for monitoring global ocean currents and the other two smaller satellites were experimental models, officials said.

JULY

GLOBAL FLASH NEWS

AFGHANISTAN ANNOUNCES SATELLITE TENDER

The Afghan government that replaced them is seeking a partner to take the country's communications industry into space. Afghanistan hopes its first satellite will improve television coverage in rural areas and internet access across the country, a project that is political as much as commercial as insurgents and the government vie for influence and support. "We will start the installation process of the satellite very soon," Amir Zai Sangin, the minister of communication and information technology, was quoted as saying by Afghanistan's Tolo television. "It's our priority to solve broadcasting issues and bring all our districts under coverage." Kabul's crowded media scene today is a far cry from the days when a ban on photography and TV meant few even knew what their Taliban leaders looked like.

NORTH KOREA PREPARES TO LAUNCH SATELLITE The North Korean space development department has said it is ready to launch a rocket to send a surveillance satellite into

orbit. North Korea's neighbours and the US have urged Pyongyang not to go ahead with the launch, saying it would violate UN resolutions against ballistic missile activity because the launch technology is nearly identical. South Korea has claimed the North also appears to be preparing a third nuclear test.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


SRT 2010 HD

SRT 2014 HD

SRT 2015 HD

SRT 3000 HD

SR 55X

SR 140 SR 150

ST 570 ST 560

www.startrackworld.com


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

VSR-8900 HD CA USB PVR

VSR-9155 HD

VSR-290 FTA Alpha

The Role of

Satellite

in the Future Internet In recent years the Satellite Communications (SatCom) sector is experiencing a consolidation of mature services and the emergence of new opportunities, brought by the appearance of new operators and new service concepts. In 2007, the total turnover of European Space activities was above 6 Billion euro, out of which nearly 2 Billion euro corresponded directly to Telecommunications satellites. The importance of telecommunications for European Space Industry is also made stronger because of other sectors that heavily depend on it, such as the Launcher Industry whose revenues mostly depend on telecommunications demand. In fact, it is estimated that 90% of all commercial launches are dedicated to telecommunications satellites. As an JULY

example, 20 out of 21 satellites placed in orbit by Ariane V and Soyuz in 2007 are telecommunications satellites. It can then be concluded that telecommunications and related space activities, i.e. satellites and launches, correspond to nearly 60% of the total turnover of the European Space activities. In addition to the consolidation of traditional services, there is a strong interest in new systems and services. The long-due inception of Broadband systems based on multi-spot Ka band systems is finally happening (ViaSat recently announced the deployment of a multi-spot satellite with a capacity of 100 Gbps, more than the total amount of C, Ku and Ka bands capacity in operation over North America.

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19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SAT MART

EAGLE LINUX SATELLITE RECEIVER

XTREND ET-9000 RECEIVER

OCTAGON SF1028P HD LINUX SATELLITE

HIFAST LNB118 LNB

The Eagle Linux Satellite Receiver Box is a Linux based DVB Receiver. This receiver runs on open-source software developed by hundreds of developers around the world. The Eagle Box is Linux satellite TV receiver, with 1 x Smartcard-Reader, 250 MHz IBM PowerPC Processor (350 Mips), 2 LED status, Linux Operating System, Full automatic service scan, Supports directly bouquet-lists (indirect unlimited), Supports multiple LNB-Switching control (supports DiSEqC), 1 x Smartcard-Reader,Unlimited channel lists for TV/Radio, SPDI/F nterface for digital bit stream out (AC-3 / DTS), MPEG2 Hardware decoding, Channelchange time less than 1 second, Fully adaptable OSD in many languages (skinsupport) and supports EPG (electronic programme guide).

This is twin HDTV and twin digital satellite tuner receiver, tuner support for upgrades/swaps: DVB-S/S2, DVB-C, DVBT, DVB-T2, time-shifting and recording with internal 3.5" or 2.5" HDD (SATA) / external HDD (e-SATA or USB 2.0), 3 Channel: 2 Channel Recording, Live View (PIP), Easily record programming from the

EPG, 3 x USB 2.0 port (MP3 Player & JPEG Viewer), Blind Scan (SD / HD), Alphanumeric VFD display, DiSEqC Control versions: 1.0, 1.1, 1.2 and USALS, High-resolution OSD interface, Favourite groups for TV and Radio, Channel sorting options such as delete, rename, move, lock, OSD in different languages, Teletext and subtitle support, 10,000 channel capacity for TV & Radio, Multi Picture PIP (Picture in Picture) function, Parental Control, HDMI Output of image and sound (576i, 576p, 720p, 1080i, 1080p) and Software Update function USB/RS-232/Network. JULY

The new generation of Enigma 2 Linux HD twin tuner receiver from Xtrend. Crystal clear HD picture, two smartcard readers and two CI (CAM) slots. An internal HDD can be installed via SATA connection while external drives are possible via eSATA and front and rear USB connections. The xtrend ET9000 HD - a new range of Enigma 2 Linux Twin Tuner receiver from Xtrend with crystal clear HD pictures, two card readers and two CI slots. The Xtrend ET9000 HD is the only Linux box that can actively play two different channels both at the same time. The Xtrend ET9000 HD's Internal and external HDD is made possible via SATA connection. One front and two rear USB ports. Rear Ethernet 10/100 connection. The Xtrend ET9000 HD has a Linux operating system using Enigma2 open source. Standby consumption of The Xtrend ET9000 HD is only 1 watt.

This HiFast LNB118 is a brand new Ku Band Legacy Circular Standard Dual output LNBF with Dual polarization. This LNBF is high gain, low noise, weather-proof and resistance of shock. It works with all circular polarization ku band satellites. Great choice for Echostar 3 (Dishnetwork 61.5°W), Echostar 6/8 (Dishnetwork 110°W), Echostar 7 (Dishnetwork 119°W), Anik-F3 (at 118.8°W), Echostar 1/2 (Dishnetwork 148°W), All DirecTV, All Bell ExpressVu (82°W, 91°W) and other Circular Polarity satellites. It works with all FTA and regular satellite receivers. With the Dual output feature, you can connect this LNB to 2 satellite DVB receivers and let them work independently!

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19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SAT MART

WIZ-299 HD FTA

DUAL LNBF FOR SQUARE

This dual-feed LNB is designed for use with Rectangular-Tube Satellite Dish Antennas but will also work with D-Tube dishes such as the Dish 300. Works well with any digital satellite service: DirecTV or Dish Network. Circular Polarized - Polarity Switched by Receiver Voltage (13VDC-18VDC). Ideal for use with the DirecTV 18-Inch Satellite Dish Antenna but will also work with the larger 24", 30" and 36" dishes.

DEVISER S20 SATELLITE METER This is a satellite meter, includes the very useful satellite spectrum view, ? locks both to very high and very low symbol rates, ? very easy to operate, very accurate measurement results and usable both for C and Ku band satellites. The S20 is a great little meter ideally suited to fastly install dishes. Once all satellite and transponders are set in its memory, the built in spectrum greatly helps to identify the satellite. The calculator makes it easy to pre-install the dish into the approximate direction. It's great design makes the S20 a valuable assistant to the dish installer. JULY

HORIZON HD-STM The latest addition to the award winning range from Horizon is a Combination Satellite and Terrestrial Meter offering a much-needed solution for the requirements for both Home and Commercial installations. The HD-STM is a lightweight, simple to use yet professional instrument for perfectly aligning satellite dishes and Digital antenna. The onscreen menu maintains Horizons philosophy of “keep it clear and simple”; this can either guide you with “hints” or allows customization for your own typical use and settings, reducing the overall testing time. The Terrestrial menu can sort and suggest transmitters via postcode, region or even favourites; these can be compared with other transmitters to ensure a best fit for the client. The Satellite installation can identify channels and report back the readings in a real-time non calculated (pre-BER/MER) as well as post-BER, which is of great assistance should the channel strength vary at different times of the day.

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19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

The idea behind 3D is “to cheat” our brain using two different images of the same scene, like our eyes were actually watching that scene. To achieve this effect, one eye have to see an image while the other eye sees the second image. The brain will receive both impulses and compose them into a single three dimensional picture. This technique is as old as the cinema itself, and in the last century we had several examples of 3D movies that required glasses having a red lens over the left eye and a blue/green lens on the right (called “anaglyph”). The 3D technology developed by 3DSwitch is based on the same optical principle. It supports both Standard and High Definition TV and it's a complete solution covering all steps of the process, starting from video production up to end user vision. Special 3D professional cameras allows to generate a 3D video source, otherwise two frames coming from two standard television cameras placed side by side are combined together by the 3DSYNC post-production software. Video and audio are then encoded according to the 3DSwitch proprietary protocol (an extension needed of DVB) and broadcasted as a satellite, cable or terrestrial digital signal.

JULY

Satellite

At reception side special displays are required, such as LCD screens, DLP projectors or rear projection systems (depending on the required picture size) with a resolution up to 1600x1200 pixels. Spectators have to wear special glasses with polarized lenses. These very light glasses have been designed according to ergonomics principles and don't make any difficult their usage for a long time. One of the first application of this technology is telemedicine, where three dimensional pictures allow the surgeon to have a precise perception of organs volumes, while HDTV gives a sharper and full detailed image. At Sat Expo a team of doctors and surgeons performed a demonstration of a successful surgical operation using a 3D HDTV trans-mission. Also remote control (productions lines, facilities, etc.) is a suitable application for 3D and it can take full advantage of the satellite link. For the future, the “3DSwitch Three-Dimensional TV” project is planned to start within next year and it will offer regular programming contents directly to end users. 3D special displays will be available for consumers at costs comparable to those of present medium level TV set, but these devices will be able to receive both the traditional and 3D High Definition signals, without any kind of conflict.

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19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

THE

VAR I ETY

OF SATELLITE RECEIVERS Satellite receivers are pieces of equipment that are used to capture satellite signals whether for radio or television. Satellite radio and satellite television both use different types of satellite receivers in order to relay the signals to the consumer. A satellite receiver can be a tool, such as a satellite dish, or something as little as a card, such as for a satellite radio, which simply channels in a certain frequency. Satellite equipment usually includes a satellite dish that is installed outside the home that is visible to everyone. A separate satellite receiver is also necessary per TV. Most satellite receivers come with a PVR (personal video recorder) which the cable company has not yet been able to offer as of now. Satellite receivers are in demand as the demand for satellite radio and television increases, replacing the traditional AM/FM radios and traditional cable television. The satellite receivers allow for radio that gives more exposure to new artists, bands who are independent and may not have caught on mainstream, but now have a chance to reach audiences without having to get a major record contract first. For digital radio, the satellite receivers work by tapping into the "S band," a bandwidth JULY

spectrum that the FCC kept open specifically for satellite based audio radio. The satellites move the signal, and the satellite receivers pick up those signals to provide entertainment. The Satellite receiver is the end component in the entire satellite TV system. The receiver basically serves four functions: it de-scrambles the encrypted signal, it extracts the individual channels from the larger satellite signal, it keeps track of payper-view programs and sends any appropriate billing information to the company. It is the satellite receiver that performs all these functions. Without an appropriate receiver you could not change channels, watch two programs at the same time, or perform any of those functions that each requires its own satellite receiver. Satellite receivers have a number of other important features, too. They pick up a programming schedule and present this information in an onscreen programming guide. Many receivers have parental lockout options, which is important for a family with small children, and some even have built-in digital video recorders, which is the new fad of allowing you to pause live television or record it onto a hard drive without the need of tapes or discs.

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TEST REPORT

LINKBOX HIGH DEFINITION RECEIVER

The latest HD receiver from Homecast is LinkBox and it shows excellent with SD images as well as HD. Then we plugged in the Homecast receiver. And here, at last, was the first HDTV receiver without any problem. The Homecast LinkBox is well shaped in size. It has an elegant design. The simply designed front panel has no button on the front panel. The receiver receives the IR commands from the remote control. The RED LED is the Stand by indicator. The rear panel is equipped with S/PDIF, HDMI output, SIM Card Slot, USB port and other necessary connections. The remote control that comes with the package sits nicely in your hand, boasts clearly labelled buttons and given the enormous range of features offered by this box – is not filled to the brim with keys and buttons. When turned on for the first time an installation wizard pops up on screen and asks for the preferred on-screen, audio and subtitle language(s). As it turns out the LinkBox HD is a genuine globetrotter, with available many languages for communication. Next, the receiver wants to know the local time

JULY

difference to GMT and whether the clock should be synced via satellite or set manually by the user. The third segment of the installation wizard takes care of configuring the reception system that is used with the receiver. By default the LinkBox HD comes with a list of updated satellites which – apart from all relevant European positions – includes Asian and American birds as well. By and large the transponder lists seem to be up to date, even though we detected some weak spot for a few satellites. LinkBox HD support DiSEqC 1.0, 1.2 and USALS protocols. The LOF can of course also be set manually so that all varieties of LNBs are supported. Control signals such as 22 kHz can be manually activated or you can let the receiver arrange all settings automatically. This brilliant overall impression is further enhanced by the intelligent way in which signals are distributed to both tuners. Either both tuners are provided with signals or one of them becomes master while the second becomes slave and is hooked to the first with a short connecting cable so that it can receive its signal from the first tuner. Either way, the installation will not finish before one search mode is selected and completed and this is actually a good thing because what's the point of satellite receiver with no channels on its list? Of course the LinkBox HD allows manual input of PID values instead

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TEST REPORT

of performing a search, so it's the perfect gadget for feed hunting as well. Once the scan is completed you're all set to actually use the box for watching and listening. Before that, however, it's a good idea to flick through the main menu and familiarize yourself with all the features that are available. One of them is the extremely convenient transponder editor that allows adding new transponders to the satellite list in a breeze. Alternatively, you can also edit or delete existing entries. Once you open extended settings menu you realise what the receiver has on offer. Once the initial setup is completed you can leave the main menu and let the receiver tune into the first channel on the list. Pressing the OK button prompts the clearly laid out channel list to appear on screen, with a small preview window in the right section of the screen showing the currently selected channel. It's quite common that more than 5000 channels are stored in the channel list after a scan of one or two popular satellites. Channels you watch on a regular basis can conveniently be moved into one of the favourites lists which are extremely

JULY

powerful and versatile, so that each family member can create their personal list and never has to mess around with the endless overall list. Thanks to a dedicated button on the remote control the favourites lists can be called up with the touch of a button. Every time you switch to a new channel or press the INFO button on the remote control the receiver inserts a cleverly arranged info bar with icons indicating features like Dolby Digital audio, teletext, subtitles, broadcasting standard etc. In addition the bar informs viewers which tuner is in use and which satellite transmits the currently watched channel. Two coloured meters let you know the level of signal strength and quality. To access the entire program details provided by the individual channels all you have to do is press the EPG button. With another touch of the same button you can call up extended information about the selected event and with the RECORD button you can set a timer entry for recording that event. Video and audio are of very good quality in everyday use and zapping between channels is reasonably fast.

INFORMATION BOX Model:

Homecast LinkBox

Function: High Definition Receiver Channel Memory:

5000

Satellites:

Unlimited

Symbol Rate:

1.45ms/sec

SCPC:

Yes

DiSEqC:

1.0, 1.2

USALS:

Yes

USB 2.0 Host:

Yes

EPG:

Yes

C/Ku Band Compatible:

Yes

Main Menu

Auto Scan

Irdeto Info

Info Bar

EPG

File List

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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Inside view

mobile tv growing With general move towards mobility, content consumption is undergoing a sea change. It seems on-the-go services are going to be the taste of things to come. Even for television, Indian consumers are increasingly consuming content on non-TV devices such as smartphones, tablets and personal computers with nearly 200 million monthly video downloads across platforms.

While the market is still nascent, its fertility can be gauged by the fact that off late it has seen entry of a blitz of broadcasters and telecom service providers vying for a slice of TV on-the-go market. In 2011, MTNL launched mobile TV services for its 2G and 3G subscribers in Mumbai and Delhi. In early March 2012, Zee New Media launched India's first overthe-top TV distribution platform, Ditto TV, which provides television content to customers on mobile phones and tablets. Zenga, a pioneer in the mobile TV segment, operates with a 65-70 per cent market share and is reported to have achieved 421 million video views in 2011 compared to less than 150 million video views in 2010. Companies like Apalaya – with 2 million subscribers and 200 per cent growth; are turning out to be profitable ventures as well. According to Mr Ravi Kunwar, Manager-North, Nokia India, industry reports suggest that mobile video is used by over 11 per cent of global online consumers. “Penetration is the highest in JULY

Asia-Pacific and among consumers in their late 20s. The reports also state that India ranks 4th in mobile video consumption globally,� he adds. India is reported to have a subscriber base of one million active users of mobile TV, while six million active subscribers have access to 3G services. "The big gorilla in the game is the operator," says Raj Singh, managing director, 2ergo India. It was the spread of mobile telephony on the back of which ringtones, caller tones, wallpapers or clips among other media services started selling like hot cakes on phones. Thanks to the aggressive marketing of telcos as well as their ability to bill and collect money, the market for mobile data services doubled between 2007 and 2010. This happened, however, with a structural flaw. Of the Rs 10,000 crore in VAS revenues, just about 5-15 per cent goes to companies that own the copyright over say a song or a film clip.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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Inside view

W

hen faced with aerial installation needs, you need to ensure that you get the best results by taking the most important aspects into consideration. It can be frustrating to spend so much on the installation process only to have poor results at the end of it all. By simply looking at a few aspects of the installation, you will have the very best for your needs. Good aerial advice: perhaps the first thing that you will need to ensure that you get the best from your aerial installations is good advice. So many people make the mistake of listening to other people who basically know nothing about the aerials and the installation. You will need to get your advice from the aerial professionals most of whom will offer free advice. The aerial type: from the advice that you get, you will find that you understand the aerial types well and are even in a position to determine which one is best for the kind of TV reception you have in your area. The aerial installations specialists should take JULY

you through all the essential details and even help you in selecting the best aerial. They come in different sizes, shapes and reception levels hence you need to have the best installed. The installation company: it is another thing that you need to select with care to reap greater benefits from your installations. You can always look at the experience and reputation that the company has so that by the end of it all you go for a company bound to fetch you the kind of results that you expect. It also needs to have well skilled and trained installers and engineers as it is the only way the installations will be handled perfectly to meet all your needs. It also needs to be vetted and insured by the right bodies. The installation equipment: apart from the aerials, other equipment is used to make the installations possible. A good company will know the best equipment to go for to meet the needs that you have. Every product that the company uses should be of good quality and within the benchmark set by the CAI. Installation services and charges: sometimes repairs do the trick saving you from the expenses of having a new TV Aerial Installation.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

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Inside view

D

IGITAL CABLE & TH WILL CO-EXIST

Most viewers seem to prefer direct-to-home (DTH) to view television. However, cable (digital) will still be an important broadcast mode. This observation has been made by a FICCI-KPMG report on media and entertainment. The number of DTH households in the country is set to go up from 37 million in 2011 to 86 million by 2016. Digital cable, on the other hand, would see its subscriber base explode from 6 million to 75 million over the same period. Not surprisingly, analog cable, which connects most households currently, would shrink from 68 million in 2011 to just 4 million by 2016. A major reason for these trends is the fact that the telecom regulator (TRAI) has mandated compulsory digitisation of analog cables across the country. The four metros will have to finish this process by June 2012. As many as 37 cities will have to digitise by March 2013. The rest of India will have to follow suit by December 2014. This means that a subscriber, currently on JULY

the normal analog cable system with no settop box, has two choices. First, to move to a digital cable operator who provides a settop box and a fresh cable system. The other option is to move to a DTH player. The regulator made these moves to check the rampant under-reporting of revenues by local cable operators (LCOs) under the current analog cable system. This causes huge revenue loss to broadcasters and potentially lost tax revenues to the government. Dish TV, the largest DTH operator in the country, estimates that by March 2013, potentially 27 million subscribers would be up for acquisition by service providers. Both the DTH and digital cable network providers would be vying for the opportunity. The DTH market has six players with the prominent ones being Tata Sky, Airtel Digital TV and Sun Direct. Videocon and Reliance Big TV have smaller market shares. The digital cable market has just two players — Hathway Cable and Den Networks — which have presence in several states in India. There are some regional players such as SCV. That digital cable would provide significant competition is also evident from Dish TV's and Airtel Digital TV's reported numbers. Subscriber additions which were in excess of one million a quarter, a year ago, is down to 34.5 lakh over the past two quarters.

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Inside view

THE GL

BAL

DTH MARKET In numbers, 99 active Direct-to-Home (DTH) platforms were broadcasting over 13,800 television channels to more than 114 million subscribers at the end of 2008, generating more than US$65 billion in Subscription Revenues. At blended average revenues of US$47.75 per month, viewers were being treated to High Definition (HD), Digital Video Recording (DVR), Video on Demand (VOD) and Triple Play services like never before. Every television market, however, has its own unique dynamic that goes beyond boxselling economics, payTV penetration and broadcasting regulation to reflect the role of television in popular culture. North America, Europe and East Asia are strong markets for DTH, whereas those of South and South East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Latin America are still very much on the growth track. In the mature markets, competition drives innovation, which affects everything from localizing content to bundling services. Content exclusivity, on-demand services, and Internet delivery are all examples of services that have been driven by competition in the mature markets. Younger markets such as South Asia, Middle East, and parts of Central Europe are still to consolidate before they experience growth beyond just subscriber numbers. North America still dominates the DTH market with nearly 30 percent of subscribers and 49 percent of subscription revenues being generated from the region's four DTH platforms. The market is predominantly based on services, and growth is coming in the form of Premium products and packages such as DVRs and HD. Television channels are also moving to

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HD, with new local HD markets being added every quarter. Central America and the Caribbean are witnessing a much needed change with the entry of Dish Network Mexico. There has been remarkable growth in subscribers for the platform and the market is expanding at the lower end with competitively priced packages. Subscriber, Revenue, and Channel numbers may be in the low singledigit percentages when compared with the rest of the world, and Premium services are yet to emerge, which indicates plenty of growth opportunities. South America's DTH market is experiencing a fresh wave of growth driven by convergence of voice, video, and data. The market, earlier dominated by heavyweights such as Sky Brazil and DirecTV Panamericana, is now bubbling with Triple Play services from telcos that have made forays into the payTV market.

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2012


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Inside view

TELEVISION IN

JAPAN Television broadcasting in Japan started in 1939 making the country one of the first in the world with an experimental television service. In spite of that, because of the beginning of World War II in the Pacific region, this first experimentation lasted only a few months. Regular television broadcasts started only after the war, in 1951. A modified version of the North American NTSC system for analog signals, called NTSC-J was used for analog broadcast until 2011. Starting July 24, 2011, the analog broadcast has ceased and only digital broadcast using the ISDB standard is available. All Japanese households having at least one TV set are mandated to pay an annual subscription fee used to fund NHK, the Japanese public service broadcaster. The fee varies from 14,910 to 28,080 JPY depending on the method and timing of payment and on whether one receives only terrestrial television or also satellite broadcasts. Households on welfare may be excused from the subscription payments. In any case, there is no authority to impose sanctions or fines in the event of nonpayment; people may (and many do) throw away the bills and turn away the occasional bill collector, without consequence.

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Japan pioneered HDTV for decades with an analog implementation (MUSE/Hi-Vision). The old system is not compatible with the new digital standards. Japanese terrestrial broadcasting of HD via ISDB-T started on December 1, 2003 in the Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya metropolitan areas. It has been reported that 27 million HD receivers had been sold in Japan as of October 2007. The Japanese government is studying the implementation of some improvements on the standard as suggested by Brazilian researchers (SBTVD). These new features are unlikely to be adopted in Japan due to incompatibility problems, but are being considered for use in future implementations in other countries, including Brazil itself. Analog terrestrial television broadcasts in Japan were scheduled to end on July 24, 2011, as per the current Japanese broadcasting law.[6] However, the switchover was delayed indefinitely in Fukushima, Miyagi, and Iwate prefectures, due to a desire to reduce the inconvenience of those affected most by the 2011 T么hoku earthquake and tsunami. In those areas, analog broadcasting ended on March 31, 2012. On April 1991, Japanese company JSB started pay TV service while BS-3 communication satellite was in use. In 1996 total number of households that receive satellite broadcasting exceeded 10 million.

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2012


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Inside view

setting up a

MOTORIZED ANTENNA Every satellite antenna that is only able to receive one satellite and is thus fixed on only that single satellite can be upgraded to a motorized antenna giving you access to numerous additional satellites. The antenna itself doesn't change, nor does the attached LNB. The antenna motor is the only extra part that you will need since most modern receivers already come with the required DiSEqC 1.2 protocol. Some boxes make this even easier with the USALS protocol, also called DiSEqC 1.3 or GoTo X. The motor is what actually moves the antenna between the various satellite positions and is installed in between the antenna mast and the antenna mount. It is designed such that the axis of rotation is aligned with the North Star. This type of mount is often referred to as a Polar Mount. As a result, azimuth and elevation do not have to be adjusted individually. Instead, the antenna rotates on only one axis. The antenna motor is installed on the already existing vertical mast. The local latitude position of the location is then setup on the JULY

motor's scale thus aligning the axis of rotation in the correct position. Similar to a fixed antenna installation, the elevation scale on the antenna mount must be set for a satellite as close to south as possible. In the southern hemisphere you would be looking for a northern-most satellite. The selected satellite should lie within 5째 of your southern-most position; the southernmost position being equal to your local longitude. USALS greatly simplifies the antenna setup. It simply asks you for your local geographical coordinates and calculates the satellite positions on its own using a complex mathematical formula. The receiver then drives the motor directly to the selected satellite position. Once you have a signal, you need only finely adjust the antenna amount and horizontal position (on the mast itself) for maximum signal. If the initial southern setting was slightly off, it would now be corrected. Once the first satellite is perfectly set, all the other satellites in the arc would also be automatically set as soon as the orbital position of these additional satellites is entered into the receiver. Without USALS, the alignment of the antenna system is somewhat more difficult.

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2012


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19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

the advantages of a

MOTORIZED SATELLITE SYSTEM

Satellite systems have become a popular way to receive digital TV. There are subscriptions for a large range of different packages all around the world, you probably have one as well and are watching the signals trough a satellite dish. Most likely you have a small dish because that's often all that's needed to watch the channels from your country because the beam is strongest around its targeted location. The interesting thing is that if you tried turning the dish you possibly be able to view channels from another satellite, like from a different country. The sky is full of satellites and Free to Air which very possibly don't require a big dish. The most popular satellites in Europe are Astra 19E and Hotbird 13E which carries many FTA channels in different languages, like Turkish, Italian and Russian. It may not sound interesting to view the foreign channels. On the other hand, lets say you would really JULY

like to watch a tennis match that is not broadcasted on your viewing package but the match is on a free on another satellite, wouldn't it be great to watch it? Or maybe something else, there is a lot to watch. Still after some time its not that much enjoyment of having to go outside and manually rotate the dish each time between satellites. This is where motors come into action. There are different to choose from, such as DiSEqC, 36v H to H and actuators. DiSEqC are the most used and they are pretty good for dishes up to 1 meter dishes. With this option it uses your satellite receiver as power that runs on 12v and 17v. The receivers have limited power for the motor as it has to share it with the LNB, this means they are slow and not as powerful as say 36v H to H motors. Its an easy upgrade because it uses the existing coax cable which already goes to the LNB on your dish. 36v H to H motors and actuators are more robust, can cope with higher wind loads and drive larger dishes and they use their own source of power via a receivers built-in 36v positioner. However most receivers don't have a built-in positioner but don't worry, in this situation you could use a device called VBox.

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2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Problems with DVB-S When changing your equipment for satellite reception, there are two key areas to watch out for: technical and legal hurdles. Reception will only work if the dish has a direct "line of sight" to the satellite - it must therefore point in precisely the correct direction. If there's something in the way - trees or buildings, for example - you will not receive the signal. In that case, you'll have to look for a different location for the dish, which can be a tricky pursuit. Once you've established that the coast is clear of both technical and legal obstacles, you'll need a dish, a good TV, and a DVB-S receiver. These receivers, which convert the satellite signal into one that the TV can display, are rarely integrated into TVs themselves. Satellite receivers are like grains of sand on a beach. To make sure you choose the right model from the huge number of devices on offer, pay particular attention to the following five points: DVB-S: You can recognize a digital receiver by the "DVB-S" logo, which you'll generally find on the back of the device. Some analog satellite receivers are still on offer, and

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these would definitely be the wrong choice - so watch out. HDMI: Make absolutely sure that your new receiver allows HDMI connections. Only this digital connection brings the best video and audio quality to the living room. HDTV Reception: The new receiver should be able to process HDTV content. You can get hold of cheap HDTV receivers for as little as 100 GBP. The number of HD channels isn't very impressive at present, but this looks set to change in the near future. Hard Disk: Receivers with an integrated hard disk offer extra luxury. They allow you to record TV programs easily and with no loss of quality, since the data stream already arrives in a digital form from the satellite and can simply be stored one-to-one. As well as convenient menu-design and handy remote controls, the best receivers stand out with speedy, intuitive channel-navigation - this is essential with such a large number of channels on offer. In the United Kingdom, British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB) operates a pay-TV package known as Sky Digital, or simply as "Sky". Customers using the Sky service have access to free-to-air channels as well as subscription content, including movies, sports, and a variety of other premium content.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

UK Obtaining

Television in France

The only sure way to obtain access to UK TV in France, is via a digital satellite receiver and dish. Terrestrial TV (ie. through an aerial) will simply not work, nor will you obtain a reception via a UK 'Free to View' box (the sort you can purchase in Currys or Argos for around ÂŁ30), even in the most Northern parts of France. Both these systems utilise an aerial and the signal is simply too weak to effectively reach these shores. The most popular method of receiving UK TV is via a SKY digibox which contrary to what many people believe, is perfectly legal to own and use in France (there are other issues, but more of those later).The same 'free to view' (meaning no monthly subscription) channels can also be received

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by any decent non-SKY digital receiver irrespective of whether it was purchased in the UK or France. Through these, you will be able to receive all the BBC & ITV channels, several news channels (Sky News for example), some film channels including Film4, a few other varied channels (shopping, religion etc) and numerous UK radio channels. These can all be received by aiming the satellite dish at the Astra 2 group of satellites at about 28 degrees east of south. You will receive exactly the same channels using a SKY digibox. Whilst there are a few English language channels available via other satellites, these are very limited and are predominantly news based.As noted above, the use of a SKY digibox is the most common way of receiving UK TV in France as people moving to France often bring them with them. The added bonus of a SKY digibox is that unlike non-SKY decoders, you will have the option to upgrade to a subscription package should you so desire or request a viewing card enabling you to receive channels 4 & 5.For those who bring theirs from the UK, once you have installed a new, bigger, dish to receive the signal from the Astra 2 satellite (the SKY mini-dish is not recommended across most of France although it will work in some places), you will receive exactly the same service as in the UK, save for the fact that your telephone line can no longer be connected to the SKY digibox.

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2012


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Inside view

?

How To Set LNB Power Satellite receivers are pieces of equipment that are used to capture satellite signals whether for radio or television. Satellite radio and satellite television both use different types of satellite receivers in order to relay the signals to the consumer. A satellite receiver can be a tool, such as a satellite dish, or something as little as a card, such as for a satellite radio, which simply channels in a certain frequency. Satellite equipment usually includes a satellite dish that is installed outside the home that is visible to everyone. A separate satellite receiver is also necessary per TV. Most satellite receivers come with a PVR (personal video recorder) which the cable company has not yet been able to offer as of now. Satellite receivers are in demand as the demand for satellite radio and television increases, replacing the traditional AM/FM radios and traditional cable television. The satellite receivers allow for radio that gives more exposure to new artists, bands who are independent and may not have caught on mainstream, but now have a chance to reach audiences without having to get a major record contract first. For digital radio, the satellite receivers work by tapping into the "S band," a bandwidth spectrum that the FCC kept open specifically for satellite based audio radio.

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The satellites move the signal, and the satellite receivers pick up those signals to provide entertainment. The Satellite receiver is the end component in the entire satellite TV system. The receiver basically serves four functions: it de-scrambles the encrypted signal, it extracts the individual channels from the larger satellite signal, it keeps track of payper-view programs and sends any appropriate billing information to the company. It is the satellite receiver that performs all these functions. Without an appropriate receiver you could not change channels, watch two programs at the same time, or perform any of those functions that each requires its own satellite receiver. Satellite receivers have a number of other important features, too. They pick up a programming schedule and present this information in an onscreen programming guide. Many receivers have parental lockout options, which is important for a family with small children, and some even have built-in digital video recorders, which is the new fad of allowing you to pause live television or record it onto a hard drive without the need of tapes or discs.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

67

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


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SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

E.Asia

Mod

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

68

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


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SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

69

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

70

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

71

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2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

72

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2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

JULY

73

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

SEARCH SATELLITE

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

Remarks

Channel Name

Freq.

Polarity

S.R.

FEC LNB Band

Mod

E.Asia

Dish Size Pak

M.E & Europe

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F

www.tracksat.com

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74

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


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Inside view

A MPEG satellite receiver is also known as a Free to Air (FTA) satellite receiver. FTA stations broadcast their content in the MPEG video format, so satellite dishes and receivers can obtain the unscrambled video content and reproduced it on televisions without any charge to you, the viewer. Luckily, hooking up an MPEG satellite receiver is no different than setting up a standard satellite receiver. Step 1 Find the coaxial cable running into your room from the satellite dish. Connect the coaxial cable to the "In" port on the MPEG satellite receiver.

Step 2 Connect a second coaxial cable into the "Out" port on the MPEG satellite receiver. Plug the other end into the "In" port on the television.

Step 3 Plug the MPEG satellite receiver into a wall outlet. Depending on the location of the wall outlet to the satellite dish's coaxial cable you may need an extension cord for the satellite receiver to reach the power.

3 or 4 (depending on what the manufacture settings are for connecting to an outside video source).

Step 5 Turn on the MPEG satellite receiver. You can now watch content from around the world with your MPEG free to air satellite receiver. Other methods of receiving or illegally decrypting pay channels are; hacking smart cards (smart card piracy) and programming encryption emulator to a FTA receiver. In smart card hacking, hackers would read the smart card internal encryption details, then tweak or change the card internal details to enable the card to access the paid channels. There are a number of underground groups who knows what kind of encryption methods and keys are used by pay channels providers and this information is used to hack the smart card. In the other method - programming encryption emulator on FTA receiver - the firmware or software of FTA receiver is patched or re-installed with customized software which has the module to act as a valid smart card thus providing access to all encrypted channels. Such software is available to download on many online piracy websites. Both these methods are not very popular or favorite; the process of rewriting smart cards or installing customized software need to be repeated frequently as the digital TV encryption algorithm used to be changed often.

Step 4 Power on the television and set it to channel

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75

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2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Satellite

Signal Digital

P

oor reception and no signal problems are the two things that we generally come across and feel infuriated about. Since, we usually ought to miss out some of our favorite onair programmes. If you are really feeling infuriated and frustrated with the unending problem of weak signal and picture abbreviation and thinking of taking the assistance of any professional TV antenna installer, then don't waste much of your time in thinking. Rather do some market research and look out for an expert help. You will find number of television antenna installation service providers in the niche. With the advent of switchover from traditional analogue television to digital broadcasting the expectations from the antenna installation companies has increased to threefold. If you really want to get rid of this reception issues then get in touch with a professional antenna installation service provider. With the expertise in the same field they are the best options to go ahead with. Since, they can tell you in a very well manner the accurate reaso

n behind the problem you are facing.Getting an antenna installed is crucial and how it's being done is also very imperative. Ideally speaking, there can be various reasons behind signal forking. You need to ascertain that you taking the help of an experienced company so that you don't land up getting poor antenna installation done by some newbie.Want to watch your favorite primetime programme on your plasma screen without any problems then get the right type of TV aerial installed for your television set.Make it a point that you get the installation thing done with the help of a professional installer only, since they can improvise this task meticulously and with supreme excellence.A qualified local technician working in any good organization can assist you in this regard and he can only guarantee that you won't be facing any such type of signal complications ever again as they hold the knack to provide you with top-notched antenna installation services as per your expectations. Some of the antenna installation companies in the niche marketplace have really grown big nowadays as they are not only installing new television antennas, but also supply related equipments. So, you don't have to get worried anymore. Just contact them and all your worries will be well taken care of.

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76

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

A DIGITAL REVOLUTION Headend in the Sky (HITS) is Comcast's satellite multiplex service that provides cable channels to cable television operations. At a traditional cable television headend, multitudes of satellite dishes and antennas are used to grab cable stations from dozens of communication satellites. In contrast, HITS combines cable stations into multiplex signals on just a few satellites; cable television companies can then pull in hundreds of channels at the local headend with relatively little equipment; the HITS feed effectively replaces the more complex traditional headend operations. It is expected to change the way digital broadcasting is implemented in whole world. It will provide digitally compressed programming via satellite with a uniform encryption system using a single headend. This will bring a paradigm shift in the way broadcasting signals have traditionally been transmitted and help decrease the divide between urban and rural digitization of broadcasting signals, especially in the non conditional access system areas of the country. The present bulletin discusses the HITS technology, its possible impact on the broadcasting and digital network across India and the legal approvals and prerequisites to be fulfilled before acquiring a

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HITS license. In India, The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (“TRAI”), on the request of The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (“MIB”) has formulated the much awaited guidelines (“Guidelines”) for grant of permission to establish and operate Headend-in-the- Sky (“HITS”) broadcasting service from India. These Guidelines were passed pursuant to the Union Cabinet decision dated November 12, 2009. HITS is a multi channel downlinking, distribution and transmission technology that enables all pay channels to be downlinked at a central facility and then again be uploaded by the HITS operators to its satellite after the encryption of channels. These signals are then downlinked by various Multi System Operators (“MSOs”) and Local Cable Operators (“LCOs”) using a single satellite antenna and sent to the customers/subscribers, who can view these pay channels by using their set-top box. HITS services are allowed in both C Band and Ku-Band2 and uplinking is permitted to both Indian as well as foreign satellites. HITS, as compared to other forms of digital broadcasting, is a more cost-effective method of achieving digitization since it doesn't require heavy investment from the cable operator, who merely has to equip homes with set-top boxes and become a franchisee.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


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Satellite Directional chart

0

60

5

Thor 3 (0.8°W) Thor 5 (0.8°W)00000 Thor 6 (0.8°W) Intelsat 10-02 (0.8°W) Amos 2 (4.0°W) Amos 3 (4.0°W) Atlantic Bird 3 (5.0°W) Nilesat 101 (7.0°W) Nilesat 102 (7.0°W) Atlantic Bird 4A (7.0°W) Telecom 2D (8.0°W) Atlantic Bird 2 (8.0°W) Express AM44 (11.0°W) Atlantic Bird 1 (12.5°W) Telstar 12 (15.0°W) Intelsat 901 (18.0°W) NSS 7 (22.0°W) Intelsat 905 (24.5°W) Intelsat 907 (27.5°W) Hispasat 1C (30.0°W) Hispasat 1D (30.0°W) Intelsat 801 (31.5°W) Intelsat 903 (34.5°W) NSS 10 (37.5°W) Telstar 11N (37.5°W) NSS 806 (40.5°W) Intelsat 3R (43.0°W) Intelsat 11 (43.0°W) Intelsat 14 (45.0°W) Intelsat 705 (50.0°W) Intelsat 1R (50.0°W) Intelsat 707 (53.0°W) Intelsat 805 (55.5°W) Intelsat 9 (58.0°W) Amazonas 1 (61.0°W) EchoStar 3 (61.5°W) EchoStar 12 (61.5°W) Telstar 14 (63.0°W) Star One C1 (65.0°W) Star One C2 (70.0°W) Nahuel 1 (72.0°W) AMC 6 (72.0°W) DirecTV 1R (72.5°W) Nimiq 5 (72.5°W) Horizons 2 (74.0°W) Brasilsat B3 (75.0°W) EchoStar 4 (77.0°W) EchoStar 8 (77.0°W) Simón Bolívar (78.0°W) AMC 5 (79.0°W) Nimiq 4 (82.0°W) AMC 9 (83.0°W) Brasilsat B4 (84.0°W) AMC 16 (85.0°W) AMC 3 (87.0°W) Galaxy 28 (89.0°W) Nimiq 1 (91.0°W) Galaxy 17 (91.0°W) Galaxy 25 (93.1°W) Galaxy 3C (95.0°W) Sirius FM 5 (96.0°W) Galaxy 19 (97.0°W) Galaxy 16 (99.0°W) DirecTV 11 (99.2°W) AMC 2 (101.0°W) AMC 4 (101.0°W) DirecTV 4S/8 (101.0°W) AMC 1 (103.0°W) AMC 15 (105.0°W) AMC 18 (105.0°W) Anik F1 (107.3°W) Anik F1R (107.3°W) DirecTV 5 (110.0°W) EchoStar 10 (110.0°W) EchoStar 11 (110.0°W) Anik F2 (111.1°W) SatMex 6 (113.0°W) XM 4 (115.0°W) SatMex 5 (116.8°W) SOUTH Anik F3 (119.0°W) 180 EchoStar 7 (119.0°W) DirecTV 7S (119.0°W) ELEVATION ANGLE EchoStar 9/Galaxy 23 (121.0°W) Galaxy 18 (123.0°W) Galaxy 14 (125.0°W) AMC 21 (125.0°W) Galaxy 13/Horizons 1 (127.0°W) Galaxy 27 (129.0°W) Ciel 2 (129.0°W) AMC 11 (131.0°W) WEST Galaxy 15 (133.0°W) 270 AMC 10 (135.0°W) NILESAT 7 WEST AMC 7 (137.0°W)0000 AMC 8 (139.0°W)

0

13

0

10 100 90 80 1 70 120 78

0 170 1 60

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1 5 0

14

Orbital position of

NORTH 0

350 0 0 4 3

02 60 27 80 290 3 2 00 50 2 31 0 0 24

0 2 3

0 33

0

200 21 0

AZIMUTH ANGLE

40

2 2 02 3 0

EAST 90

30

10 0 2

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Satellite Directional chart Astra 1C (2.0°E) 000000Rascom 1 (2.8°E) Eurobird 4A (4.0°E) Sirius 4 (4.8°E) Eutelsat W3A (7.0°E) Eurobird 9A (9.0°E) Eutelsat W2A (10.0°E) Hot Bird 9 (13.0°E) Hot Bird 8 (13.0°E) Hot Bird 6 (13.0°E) Eutelsat W2M (15.8°E) Eurobird 16 (15.8°E) Eutelsat Sesat 1 (16.0°E) Amos 5i (17.0°E) Astra 1M (19.2°E) Astra 1L (19.2°E) Astra 1KR (19.2°E) Astra 1H (19.2°E) AfriStar 1 (21.0°E) + Radio Eutelsat W6 (21.6°E) Astra 3A (23.5°E) Astra 1G (23.5°E) Astra 1E (23.5°E) Eurobird 2 (25.5°E) Badr 6 (26.0°E) Badr 4 (26.0°E) Astra 2D (28.2°E) Astra 2B (28.2°E) Astra 2A (28.2°E) Eurobird 1 (28.2°E) Arabsat 2B (30.5°E) Türksat 1C (31.0°E) Astra 2C (31.5°E) Intelsat 802 (33.0°E) Eurobird 3 (33.0°E) Eutelsat W7 (36.0°E) Eutelsat W4 (36.0°E) Paksat 1 (38.0°E) Hellas Sat 2 (39.0°E) Express AM1 (40.0°E) Türksat 3A (42.0°E) Türksat 2A (42.0°E) Intelsat 12 (45.0°E) Yamal 202 (49.0°E) Galaxy 26 (50.8°E) Astra 1F (51.0°E) Express AM22 (53.0°E) Insat 3E (55.0°E) Bonum 1 (56.0°E) NSS 12 (57.0°E) Intelsat 904 (60.0°E) Intelsat 902 (62.0°E) Intelsat 906 (64.2°E) Intelsat 702 (66.0°E) Intelsat 10 (68.5°E) Intelsat 7 (68.5°E) Eutelsat W5 (70.5°E) Insat 4CR (74.0°E) Edusat(74.0°E) Insat 3C (74.0°E) ABS 1 (75.0°E) Eutelsat W75 (75.0°E) Apstar 2R (76.5°E) Thaicom 5 (78.5°E) Thaicom 2 (78.5°E) Express MD1 (80.0°E) Express AM2 (80.0°E) Insat 4A (83.0°E) Insat 3B (83.0°E) Insat 2E (83.0°E) Intelsat 15 (85.2°E) ChinaStar 1 (87.5°E) ST 1 (88.0°E) Yamal 201 (90.0°E) Measat 3a (91.5°E) Measat 3 (91.5°E) Chinasat 9 (92.2°E) Insat 4B (93.5°E) Insat 3A (93.5°E) NSS 6 (95.0°E) Express AM33 (96.5°E) AsiaSat 5(100.5°E) Express A2 (103.0°E) AsiaStar (105.0°E) + Radio AsiaSat 3S (105.5°E) Indostar 2 (107.7°E) Telkom 1 (108.0°E) NSS 11 (108.0°E) N-Sat 110 (110.0°E) BSAT 2A (110.0°E) BSAT 1A (110.0°E) Sinosat 1 (110.5°E) Palapa D (113.0°E) Koreasat 5 (113.0°E) Chinasat 6B (115.5°E) Koreasat 3 (116.0°E) Telkom 2 (118.0°E) AsiaSat 4 (122.2°E) JCSAT 4A (124.0°E) Sinosat 3 (125.0°E) JCSAT 3A (128.0°E) JCSAT 5A (132.0°E) Vinasat 1 (132.0°E) Apstar 6 (134.0°E) Telstar 18 (138.0°E) Express AM3 (140.0°E) Superbird C2 (144.0°E) Agila 2 (146.0°E) JCSAT 1B (150.0°E) Optus D2 (152.0°E) JCSAT 2A (154.0°E) Optus D3 (156.0°E) Optus C1 (156.0°E) Optus D1 (160.0°E) Superbird B2 (162.0°E) Intelsat 8 (166.0°E) Intelsat 5 (169.0°E) Intelsat 2 (169.0°E) GE 23 (172.0°E) 000000Intelsat 70 (180.0°E) NSS 9 (177.0°W)

0 10 2 0 3 0

0 10 2 0

30

50

50

60

40

40

0

70

6

90 100 110 1 2 80 0 1 3

00 110 120 13 0 90 1 1 40 80 1 70 5

0

14

0

0 15

0

180 19 70 01 16

1 60

170 1 JULY

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


PARAS HD ELECTRONICS

Hakeem Arcade Hussain Agahi Road, Multan. Ph: 061-4577999 Mobile: 0345-7230430, 0300-9637231

Phone: 061-6772740 Mobile: 0300-9637414 PARAS DEALER:

MUHAMMAD IMTIAZ


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view There is nothing much better than getting back home from work and watching TV at the end of the day with a relaxed state of mind. But, what if you realize that the programme you want to watch is not that coming clearly just due to poor signal strength. The primary thing that you need to do is to look out for the basic reason behind the weak signal problem. There are some very common HDTV antenna problems that we generally face. If you think

Secondly, generally speaking another issue that you can come across with your television antennas is the outlet inside the home. In due course of time, the connector inside the outlet becomes loose, thereby causing an issue with reception. There may also be a problem with how the actual antenna outlet was connected to the cable that runs to the external antenna. In certain cases, the insulation is often not taken off from the cable completely, so it doesn't attach accurately with the outlet. Another common problem as faced by you is a broken fly lead. But, don't get worried as this is one of the problems which can be resolved and fixed easily. A fly lead is basically the lead that you usually make use of to attach your TV set to the antenna.

DIGITAL TV ANTENNAS AND RELATED RECEPTION

ISSUES It

that you are the one, or you require expert guidance or help in relation to the reception issue you are facing currently then try to have a chat with your local Digital TV antenna installer. One of the most common reasons behind poor television reception or fragile signal strength is the wear and tear of the TV antenna cable, either inside or outside the home. The outer jacket material of the cable can actually wear away, thereby enabling the water and other contaminants which in point of fact degenerate the quality of the signal. If you observe that your reception is worsening during rainy periods, this is something that needs to be considered. JULY

is plugged in on one end of your television set and its other end is plugged in to the antenna outlet on the wall. If you discover such type of issue, then you can try out another fly lead just to know whether it's working well or not. Generally speaking, fly leads build up problems near around the plug fitting as they often bulged, twisted and busted.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Inside view

Ku-Band We are very familiar with the C and Ku bands. These bands are normally used for digital TV transmission. Some of our readers also know the S band. However, the frequency spectrum that can be used for satellite communication is not limited to the above mentioned ones. Before we move on to Ku-Band, let's have a look first at the whole radio frequency spectrum. It is shown in figure 1 along with the names of frequency ranges. While this topic is very interesting for radio amateurs, low frequency is of little interest for satellite industry. First of all, signals of low

JULY

the future of satellite communication?

frequency are not suitable to convey large amount of data per second. We can think of transmitting digital (and also analog) TV starting from 100 MHz or so. Another thing we have to take into account is the property of the Earth atmosphere. Low and very high frequency signals are heavily absorbed when passing through our atmosphere. So, is Ku Band the future of satellite communication? Yes and no. Yes, because we continuously need more and more wide bandwidth signals and lower bands are getting chock full. Ku Band offers us additional frequency ranges at already occupied satellite positions. No, because it is much more weather dependent than Ku and especially C Band, so moving digital TV transponders from the lower bands to Ku Band would be a very risky step unless the targeted world region is very dry.

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The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Channels F

Dish Size 06-10 ft

t e cy rity at EC nd nc en ola S/R F Ba /E r u l q P C re

Be

DIGITAL CHART

am

Express AM 3 (140°E) AM 3

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Apstar 6 (134°E) 6

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

JC Sat 3 (128.8° E) 3

Dish Size 08 ft

Asiasat 4 (122° E) 4

Chinasat 6B(115.5°E) 6B

Telestar 18 (138°E)18

July

83

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 06-12ft

DIGITAL CHART

Dish Size 08 ft

Telkom1&Nss11 (108.2째E)

Dish Size 08 ft

Asiasat 3S (105.5째E) 3S

Koreasat 5 & Palapa D (113째 E)

July

84

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 04-06 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Asiasat 5 (100.5째E) 5

Dish Size 10 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 06-10 ft

July

Measat 3 (91.5째E) 1

Insat 3A (93.5째E) 3A

NSS 6 (95째E) 6

85

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels Dish Size 08 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Yamal 201 (90°E) 201

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Intelsat 15 (85.2°E) 709

Insat 2E/4A (83°E)

2E/4A

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 04-06 ft

July

Thaicom 5 (78.5°E)

2/5

ST 2 (88°E) 1

86

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 06-08 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Apstar 2R (76.5°E)

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 06-08 ft

July

ABS 1 (75°E)

87

Insat 3C/4CR (74.0°E) 3C/4CR

Dish Size 10 ft

EUTELSAT 70A (70.5°E)

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Intelsat 7/10(68.5°E) 7/10

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 06-08 ft

July

DIGITAL CHART

Intelsat 17 (66.0째E)

88

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Intelsat 906 (64째 E) 906

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Intelsat 902 (62째 E) 902

17

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels Dish Size 10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

Bonum 1 (56°E) 1

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 08-10 ft Dish Size 08-10 ft

Express AM 22(53°E) AM

Intelsat 904 (60°E) 904

Dish Size 08-10 ft

Dish Size 08-10 ft Dish Size 08-10 ft

Intelsat 12 (45.0°E)12

Turksat 2A & Turksat 3A (42°E) 3A

& 2A

Yamal 202 (49°E) 202

NSS 12 (57°E)

July

89

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels Dish Size 08 ft

DIGITAL CHART Hellas Sat-2 (39째E) 2

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

EUTELSAT 36A /36B (36.0째 E)

Paksat 1/1R (38.0째 East)1

Express AM1 (40째E)

July

90

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 08-10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

EUTELSAT 33A (33°E)

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 06-8 ft

Astra 2A (28.2° E) 2A

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Astra 2B (28.2° E) 2B

EUTELSAT 28A (28.5°E)

Astra 1G (31.0° E)

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Astra 2D (28.2°E) 2D

Arabsat 5A(30.5°E) 5A

July

91

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

DIGITAL CHART

Badr 4/5/6 (26°E)

Dish Size 06-08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 08 ft

Dish Size 08-10 ft

July

Arabsat 2B (20.0°E)

EUTELSAT 25A (25.5°E)

Dish Size 10-12 ft

Dish Size 10-12 ft

EUTELSAT 21A (21.6° E)

Astra 1H/1KR/1L/1M/2C (19.2°E) 1H/1KR/1L/1M/2C

Astra 3A/3B & Thor 2 (23.5°E)

92

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

DIGITAL CHART

Dish Size 10-12 ft

EUTELSAT 16A / 16B (16째E)

Dish Size 10-12 ft

July

93

EUTELSAT HOT BIRD 13A /13B/13C (13째E)

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

July

DIGITAL CHART

94

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 12 ft

DIGITAL CHART

EUTELSAT 9A

(9.0째E)

Dish Size 10 ft

Dish Size 10 ft

EUTELSAT 10A (10째E)

Dish Size 10 ft

July

Astra 4A (4.8째E) 4A

EUTELSAT 7A (7째E)

95

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 12 ft

DIGITAL CHART Dish Size 10 ft

Amos 2/3(4.0째W)

Dish Size 8 ft

EUTELSAT 5 West A (5째W)

Thor 5/6 & Intelsat 10-02 (0.8째W)

July

96

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital Channels

Dish Size 10 ft

DIGITAL CHART

EUTELSAT 7 West A (7째W)

Dish Size 8 ft

EUTELSAT 8 West A (8째W)

Dish Size 8 ft

EUTELSAT 12 West A (12.5째W)

Dish Size 8 ft

July

97

Telstar 12 (15째W)

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012


19 YEARS OF GENEROUS PUBLICATIONS

Complete Guide of Digital & HD Channels

DIGITAL & HDTV CHART

HDTV CHANNELS ARE AS BELOW: Dish Size 8 ft

Intelsat 901 (18.0°W)

Dish Size 8 ft

Hispasat 1C/1D/1E (30.0°W)

Badr 4/5/6 (26.0°E) 4/6

Optus D1 (160.0°E)

Astra 3A/3B & Thor 2 (23.5°E)

Koreasat 6 (116.0°E)

6

ChinaSat 6B (115.0°E) 6B

Asiasat 5 (100.5°E)

Astra 1H-1M (19.2°E) 1H-1M

3S

EUTELSAT HOT BIRD 13A /13B/13C (13°E)

Measat 3/3a (91.5°E)

EUTELSAT 9A

(9.0°E)

Türksat 2A/3A (42.0°E)

Hellas Sat 2 (39.0°E) 2 Dish Size 8 ft

Intelsat 903 (34.5°W)

EUTELSAT 36A /36B (36.0° E)

Eutelsat W3 (EUTELSAT 7A) (7°E)

23rdJune2012

Eurobird 1 & Astra 2A/2B/2D (28.2°E) 1

2A/2B/2D

Last Updated On 23rd June 2012 for more detail log-on to www.tracksat.com July

98

The Highly Circulated Satellite Magazine

2012



Dishchannels