ATTACHMENT B. METHOD OF ESTABLISHING ATS ROUTES FOR USE BY RNAV-EQUIPPED AIRCRAFT (Paragraph 2.7.1 and Section 2.11 refer)
1.1 This guidance material is the result of studies carried out in several States. It also reflects the long existence of RNAV criteria in several States. It must be noted that some of the values contained herein have not been derived by means of the collision-risk/target level of safety method. This is indicated where applicable.
to or better than a track-keeping accuracy of ±11.1 km (6 NM) for 99.5 per cent of the flight time of all aircraft using RNAV equipment. Navigational performance of this type is expected to be consistent with a track-keeping accuracy of ±7.4 km (4 NM) for 95 per cent of flight time of all aircraft using RNAV equipment. This level is similar to that currently achieved by aircraft without RNAV capability operating on existing routes defined by VOR or VOR/DME, where the VORs are less than 93 km (50 NM) apart.
1.2 States are encouraged to keep ICAO fully informed of the results of their application of the provisions of this guidance material.
2. Operational applications of RNAV routes based on RNP 4
2.1.1 This guidance material is meant for use on RNAV routes that are established within the coverage area of electronic navigation aids that will provide necessary updates and guard against RNAV “blunder” errors. 2.1.2 Only those aircraft that have been granted airworthiness/operational approval in accordance with Sections 5.5 and 5.6, Manual on Required Navigation Performance (RNP) (Doc 9613) are to be afforded air traffic services on RNAV routes developed in accordance with this material. 2.1.3 The use of RNAV equipment should be permitted for navigation along ATS routes defined by VOR. Additionally, RNAV routes may be provided where practicable and when justified by the number of aircraft with RNAV capability. The routes may be: a) fixed RNAV routes; b) contingency RNAV routes; and c) random RNAV routings. 2.1.4 The navigational performance required of such RNAV equipment envisages a level of navigational accuracy for en-route purposes having a navigation performance equal ANNEX 11
Protected airspace for RNAV ATS routes based on RNP 4
2.2.1 The minimum protected airspace provided for RNAV ATS routes should be 11.1 km (6 NM) either side of the intended track, within which RNAV-equipped aircraft can be expected to remain for 99.5 per cent of the flight time. Before applying the values stemming from this concept, account should be taken of any practical experience gained in the airspace under consideration as well as the possibility of achieving improvements in the overall navigation performance of aircraft. In this context, when lateral deviations are being controlled with the aid of radar monitoring, the size of the protected airspace required may be reduced in accordance with the following:
Percentage containment 95
2.2.2 Radar monitoring studies indicate that any potential reduction of the protected airspace is closely related to traffic characteristics, information available to the controller, and sector workload. Finally, it is worth considering that the analysis of RNAV accuracy performed in terms of containment measurements by some European States has shown that flights with RNAV capability were within 5 NM of the route centre line for 99.5 per cent of the time (EUR Doc 001, RNAV/4 refers). If the appropriate ATS authority considers that more protection is required, e.g. because of proximity of prohibited,
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