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All About Irrigation


Definition

Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation. In contrast, agriculture that relies only on direct rainfall is referred to as rain-fed or dry land farming.


Types of Irrigation Surface irrigation

Irrigation by Lateral move Lawn sprinkler systems

Micro-irrigation Hose-end sprinklers Drip irrigation Subirrigation Sprinkler irrigation Center pivot

Subsurface textile irrigation


Surface Irrigation

Surface irrigation stands for a large group of irrigation methods in which water is distributed by gravity over the surface of the field (note: surface irrigation does not include spate irrigation). The three most common methods are basin irrigation, border irrigation and furrow irrigation.


Types of Surface Irrigation Basin irrigation Drainback Level Basins Surge irrigation Furrow irrigation Bay/border strip irrigation


Micro Irrigation

Micro-irrigation, also called localised irrigation, low volume irrigation, low-flow irrigation, or trickle irrigation is an irrigation method with lower pressure and flow than a traditional sprinkler system. Low volume irrigation is used in agriculture for row crops, orchards, and vineyards. It is also used in horticulture in wholesale nurseries, in landscaping for civic, commercial, and private landscapes and gardens, and in the science and practice of restoration ecology and environmental remediation.


Drip Irrigation

Drip irrigation is a type of micro-irrigation system that has the potential to save water and nutrients by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either from above the soil surface or buried below the surface. The goal is to place water directly into the root zone and minimize evaporation. Drip irrigation systems distribute water through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. Depending on how well designed, installed, maintained, and operated it is, a drip irrigation system can be more efficient than other types of irrigation systems, such as surface irrigation or sprinkler irrigation.


Types of Drip Irrigation

Porous Soaker Hose Systems Emitter Drip System Watermatic Drip System Micro Misting Sprinklers


Sprinkler irrigation

An Irrigation sprinkler is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas. They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust. Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water to a controlled manner in that is similar to rainfall. The water is distributed through a network that may consist of pumps, valves, pipes, and sprinklers. Irrigation sprinklers can be used for residential, industrial, and agricultural usage.


Center pivot

Center-pivot irrigation, also called water-wheel and circle irrigation, is a method of crop irrigation in which equipment rotates around a pivot and crops are watered with sprinklers. A circular area centered on the pivot is irrigated, often creating a circular pattern in crops when viewed from above . Most center pivots were initially water-powered, and today most are propelled by electric motors.


Irrigation by Lateral move

Center-pivot irrigation, also called water-wheel and circle irrigation, is a method of crop Our Electrogator and Alumigator lateral move systems receive the same high quality materials and attention-to-detail engineering as the rest of our irrigation line. They also have enough custom features to match your exact needs. When the goal is watering your square or rectangular field while conserving water, look no further than Reinke.


Lawn sprinkler systems

An Irrigation sprinkler is a device used to irrigate agricultural crops, lawns, landscapes, golf courses, and other areas. They are also used for cooling and for the control of airborne dust. Sprinkler irrigation is the method of applying water to a controlled manner in that is similar to rainfall. The water is distributed through a network that may consist of pumps, valves, pipes, and sprinklers. Irrigation sprinklers can be used for residential, industrial, and agricultural usage.


Subirrigation

Subirrigation also known as seepage irrigation, is a method of irrigation where water is delivered to the plant root zone The excess may be collected for reuse. Subirrigation is used in growing field crops such as tomatoes, peppers, and sugar cane in areas with high water tables such as Florida and in commercial greenhouse operations. Three basic types of subirrigation system are in general use for potted plants in greenhouses: ebb-and-flow (bench-mounted enclosures holding pots are filled and then drained); trough (water is flowed through benchmounted, slightly sloping enclosures containing pots); and flooded floor (special sloped concrete flooring is flooded and drained).


Subsurface textile irrigation

Subsurface Textile Irrigation (SSTI) is a technology designed specifically for subsurface irrigation in all soil textures from desert sands to heavy clays. Use of SSTI will significantly reduce the usage of water, fertilizer and herbicide. It will lower on-going operational costs and, if maintained properly, will last for decades. By delivering water and nutrients directly to the root zone, plants are healthier and have a far greater yield. It is the only irrigation system that can safely use recycled water or treated water without expensive “polishing� treatment because water never reaches the surface.


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Information About Water Irrigation  

Irrigation is defined as “Artificially supplying & systematically dividing of water for agriculture & horticulture in order to obtain higher...

Information About Water Irrigation  

Irrigation is defined as “Artificially supplying & systematically dividing of water for agriculture & horticulture in order to obtain higher...

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