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Tanner's Landform Book

Archip elago

Def: group of islands

Examples: The Aleution Islands, Florida Keys Examples: Northern Mariana Islands, Mecronesia

Bay Def: Broad inlet of sea where the land curves inward

Examples: Bay of Fundy, Canada Examples: Paradise Bay, Antarctica

Canyon Def: A deep gorge, typically one with a river flowing through it.

Examples: Grand Canyon, Colorado and Arizona Examples: Tara Canyon, Europe

Desert Def: A dry, often sandy region of little rain, extreme temperatures, and sparse vegetation.

Examples: Blue Desert, Egypt Examples: Libyan Desert, Lybia

Gulf Def: Deep inlet of sea almost surrounded by land, with a narrow outlet.

Examples: Gulf of Mexico, Mexico and Florida Examples: Gulf of Alaska, Alaska and Canada

Island Def: A medium to small piece of land surrounded by water on all sides.

Examples: Australia, Australia Examples: Hawaii, Hawaii

Isthmus Def: A narrow strip of land with sea on either side, forming a link between two larger areas of land.

Examples: Isthmus of Panama, Panama Examples: Isthmus of Seuz, Africa and South America

Lake Def: Small body of water surrounded by land

Examples: Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire Examples: Lovell Lake, New Hampshire

Mountain Def: A large natural elevation of the earth's surface rising abruptly from the surrounding level; a large steep hill.

Examples: Mount Major, New Hampshire Examples: Mount Rushmore, South Dakota

Mountain Range Def: A line of mountains near high ground.

Examples: Appalachian Mountains, West Virginia Examples: Rocky Mountains, Colorado


Def: A large body of salt water not completely surrounded by land.

Examples: Pacific Ocean, west of U.S.A. Examples: Atlantic Ocean, east of U.S.A.

Peni nsula

Def: A piece of land almost surrounded by water or projecting out into a body of water.

Examples: Valdez Peninsula, Argentina Examples: Korean Peninsula, North and South Korea


Def: A vast grassland with flat land

Examples: Great Plains, Canada Examples: Serengeti, Africa

Plateau Def: An elevated, comparatively level expanse of land; a tableland.

Examples: The Colorado Plateau, Colorado Examples: Blake Plateau, U.S.A.


Def: A natural stream of water that flows into a larger body of water.

Examples: Kennebunk river, Maine Examples: Nile River, Africa

Sea Def: The expanse of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface and surrounds most of earth's surface and surrounds it's landmasses.

Examples: Red Sea, connected to Indian Ocean Examples: Mediterranean Sea, connected to Atlantic Ocean


Def: A narrow passage of water connecting two seas or large bodies of water.

Examples: Strait of Homuz, borders Iran Examples: Strait of Juan De Fuca, borders Vancouver Island

Tributary Def: A river or stream flowing into a larger river or lake.

Examples: Mississippi River, U.S.A Examples: Des Montes River, U.S.A

Valley Def: A low area of land between two hills or mountains, typically a river or stream flowing through it.

Examples: Death Valley, California Examples: Blackstone Valley, Rhode Island

Volcano Def: A mountain or hill with a crater through it that lets out lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas from earth's crust

Examples: Mount Rainer, U.S.A Examples: Mount Merapi, Indonesia

Citation Page . Google .

B level A sea could effect the climate by the water evaporating and eventually condensing and making rain.

A mountain range can change the climate by blocking wind from getting to the other side of the mountain and it can make ponds and cause floods because when it rains, the water gets caught by the mountain and flows down in streams and can make small landforms and potentially flood the ground below.

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