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ISTITUTO COMPRENSIVO DI GHILARZA - SCUOLA PRIMARIA DI GHILARZA

 COME   TO    SARDINIA !!!                


TEACHERS

Giovanna Piras and Lidia Ortu

CLASS 5 A, 5B

1A, 1B, 1C

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National name: Repubblica Italiana Languages: Italian (official); Sardinian-,German-, French-, and Slovenespeaking minorities Religion: Roman Catholic National Holiday: Republic Day, June 2 President: Giorgio Napolitano (2006) Prime Minister: Mario Monti (2011) Area: 116,305 sq mi (301,230 sq km) Population: 61,261 Capital: Rome, 3.357 million Monetary unit: Euro (formerly lira) Other cities: Milan ; Naples ; Turin ; Venice; Palermo

BIG PICTURES & GRAPHIC DESIGN Roberto Manca

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SARD I N I A Location: Sardinia is an Italian region. It is the second largest island in the Mediterranean Sea It lies south of the French island of Corsica and north of Sicily (Sicilia) Area: 24.000 Population: 1.500 Languages: Italian and Sardinian Capital city: Cagliari Airports: Cagliari Elmas, Alghero Fertilia, Olbia Costa Smeralda Weather: mild and rainy in Autumn, cold in Winter, mild and sunny

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Low cost flight to Sardinia: Alitalia, Ryanair, Meridianafly, Air Berlin, Easy Jet, Jet2.com, ... all of them offer a large amount every day of discounted flights from most important European cities. Thanks to the low cost companies, the concept of distance changes and Sardinia becomes more accessible even just for the week-end. Flight, accommodation, typical food, drinks, a juice of holiday for everyone.

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SA R D I N I A I S . . .

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HISTO RY

The Sardinian monuments are subdivided into historical periods. They include the Prenuragic culture, Nuragic period, Phoenician, Punic & Roman periods, Byzantine & Judges period and monuments from the Spanish and Savoy era.

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FO O D - Try the Culurgiones. They are similar to Ravioli (made with typical pasta of Ogliastra) with a filling of potatoes, ‘Pecorino’ cheese (sheep’s milk cheese, see below), egg, onion, mint and garlic - available in many Sardinian restaurants. - Malloreddus are a type of gnocchi that are served al dente with a tomato, meat or cheese sauce. - There are a number of Pizzerias serving fresh, stone oven baked authentic style pizzas as well as pasta dishes. - Porcheddu is a local specialty of inner Sardinia, it’s a young pig roasted in a special manner over a wood fire with an aromatic local shrub called mirto. - Sausages are of many types, for instance the Salsiccia di cinghiale (wild boar sausage). - Try the mediterranean fish (pesce azzurro). Look for a fish market in any small coast town and buy early in the morning, cook and eat: it’s simply fantastic barbecued. The Bottarga (the dried roe of tuna [Bottarga di tonno] in Carloforte or of flathead mullet [Bottarga di muggine] elsewhere) is rather expensive but quite good. - Many locally-produced vegetables and fruit are very tasty, as they are grown in small farms and are mostly organic; vendors along the roads are a frequent sight. Apart from the usual assortment of typical Mediterranean products (such as eggplants, bell peppers, orange, grapes, etc) you will also find among others wild asparagus, figs, water-melons, and nuts (hazelnuts, chestnuts, walnuts, almonds). Spices (such as thyme, rosemary, fennel) are found in abundance in the country. - Pecorino cheese (It. Pecora, sheep) is found everywhere with all degrees of ripeness from fresh to seasoned (the latter being stronger in taste). Sale of Casu marzu(Sard. for rotten cheese) is forbidden; but its production is perfectly legal and it may be found with the help of locals. As usual with this kind of product, precautions must be taken; it is highly recommended to eat it with trusted locals. Goat cheese can also be found. - A Seada (pl. Seadas or Sebadas), typical of Barbagia, is a dessert similar to Ravioli. It comprises of a characteristic filling of fresh cheese and lemon rind, and melts when Seada is cooked. It must be fried and served with honey. - There are numerous types of Sardinian bread and pastries, with specialties such as Carasau (a type of thin crispy bread), sponge biscuits and almond pastries. What distinguishes Sardinian pastry is the use of pig lard for fat and honey for sugar. 10 

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AR TS AND C R AF TS A rich local tradition that includes history, traditions, art and life. Therefore Sardinian handicrafts can be defined as real popular art, as a means of cultural expression of the whole population. 12 

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SEA AND M O U N TA I N S

Sardinia is a mainly mountainous region, without high peaks, with a vast and charming, yet bittersweet, natural environment. In fact, the presence of man does not seem to affect this territory; great surfaces still preserve their natural composition, luxuriant woods with even millenary trees, small desert areas and marshes inhabited by deer, wild horses and rapacious birds.

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FAM O U S P E O P LE Antonio Gramsci: Politician, Writer and Philosopher (He wrote the Fairytale”The Hedgheog tree”)

Grazia Deledda: Writer ( Nobel Prize)

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How to get there : located between the two main roads connecting Cagliari to Sassari, Nuoro and Olbia, it can be easily reached by car, train or coach. The nearest airport is Alghero Fertilia . Other two important airports are Cagliari Elmas and Olbia Costa Smeralda. The railway station is near Ghilarza in the village of Abbasanta just a few kilometers away.

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Local cuisine: sardinian cuisine is based on agro-pastoral economy. Dishes are simple, yet good with the use of flavours offered by the land. These are just some of the dishes you can taste…

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Where to stay B&B “Casa Mena”, via Sicilia n.1 B&B “L’Attico”, C.so Umberto I n. 1

A GUIDE TO GHILARZA 01 02

Name: Ghilarza Population: about 5,000

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B&B “Ianam”, Via Giovanni XXIII, 17

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Where to eat Pizzeria-restaurant ”Del Corso”c.so Umberto Pizzeria-restaurant “Sax “, “La Dolce Vita”, Pizzeria “Penny Red”, Snack bar “La Torre”, Snack-bar “Salaris, C.so Umberto…and many others

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Main events/traditions: a rich

calendar of events takes place during the year in Ghilarza , among these there is the Mese della Cultura: since 1977 it includes different events between the period from September to October. It sees the participation of artists and literary men of national and international importance. Religious celebrations are accompanied by horsemen processios, folk groups in their traditional costume. For those interested in popular traditions, the two folk groups of Ghilarza organise very interesting meetings such as “Gli incontri di musica popolare” (organized by the Onnigaza folk group) and Ballu sardu e amistade (organized by the Gruppo folk Su Carruzzu). Together with the Pro Loco association they also keep alive the carnival with Su Carruzzu a S’Antiga.

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Location: Ghilarza is a small town in Sardinia located in the central-west coast, near the “Omodeo lake, the biggest artificial lake in Europe.

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Religious celebration

PLACES TO VISIT

The Parish church

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EAR GHILARZA YOU can see a lot of nuragic and Roman sites and several remains of “”Giants’ tombs” and “Domus de Janas

OME RURAL RELIGIOUS villages are scattered around Ghilarza and the surrounding area. These are religious places: San Raffaele Arcangelo (San Serafino), San Michele, Santa Maria di Trempu and San Giovanni, these are are known as” novenario”. Each of these places has a tiny church and a number of buildings called cumbessias or muristenes for the faithfuls.

S. Palmerio church

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PART FROM THE Parish church and the Church of San Giorgio there are four more churches: San Palmerio, the Madonna del Carmelo, Santa Lucia, Sant’Antioco and in Zuri (a hamlet of Ghilarza) there is the wonderful church of San Pietro.

Museums,churches, famous buildings

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HE ARAGONESE TOWER, dominating the square in front of the church of San Palmerio in Ghilarza was built between the XIV and the XV century.

S. Serafino church

LONG THE MAIN street there is ”The house museum”, open to the public, by Antonio Gramsci, the founder of the Italian Communist Party.

Traditional costumes Nuraghe Losa 20 

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FACILITIES AND LEISURE

Hospital Delogu

La Fontana di Su Cantaru

- A wide variety of shops, supermarkets and a department store. - Restaurants which serve traditional food, wine bars and B&B. - L’ospedale Delogu - Two nursery schools, two primary schools, a middle schools and two secondary schools. - Sporting facilities include: judo, football, basketball, boules, tennis, sport dances, athletics.

San Giovanni

- There are several gyms and a swimming pool. - In spring time Ghilarza celebrates “the month of the sport” (Il Mese dello Sport) with the participation of the schools, associations and all the population. - Types of jobs: buiding industry, farming, agriculture… Trempu 22 

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. .. COME AN D S E E T HI S BEAUTIF U L LAND SC AP E

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Italy  

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