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Geles Vidal Herrera Santiago. I.C.: v-23.304.331

República Bolivariana de Venezuela Instituto Universitario Politécnico “Santiago Mariño” Extensión: Mérida

Ingeniería Agronómica

Mérida, November 2013

THE SEED According to botany, the seed is the mature egg flower, which is enclosed within the fruit. Some of these fruits spontaneously open to eject the seeds where germination occurs new to make the development of a new plant.


Process of seed germination.


Common Name: Rice.

ď‚– Scientific name: Oryza sativa. Family: Gramineae. Origin: Asia and Africa. Type: long grain, medium grain, short grain, wild. Nutritional Characteristics: contains a small amount of real proteins, and 7% gluten.




Common name: Avocado


Scientific name: Persea americana Family: Lauraceae. Origin: Central America (Mexico and Guatemala). Nutrition: Vitamin D and high in Vitamin E.


ď‚– Characteristics: Small tubers of no more than 3 cm in diameter. Common Name: Potato. Family: Solanaceae. Scientific Name: Solanum tuberosum Origin: To South America and cultivated throughout the world for its edible tubers.


Common name: Paprika. Scientific name: Capsicum annuum Family: Solanaceae


Origin: Was brought to Mexico, including about 75 genera and about 2.300 species. Nutritional Characteristics: Is between low calorie foods contain just 33 calories.

Common Name: Cotton. Family: Malvaceae. Gender: Gossypium.

COTTON Scientific Name:  Gossypium herbaceum (Indian cotton).  Gossypium barbadense (cotton egipteo).  Gossypium hirstium (American cotton).

Common name: Aloe.

Origin: It is a plant native to dry climates and somewhat warm, so from Africa, parts of Asia and in particular India.

A ď‚– L O E

Scientific name: Aloe vera. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida. Family: Liliaceae.


Common name: Papaya. Scientific name: Carica papaya. Family: Caricaceae Order: Parietal.

Origin: Central America (southern Mexico). Uses: Papaya seeds have stock: Currently grown in Florida, Hawaii, British East Africa,  Bacteriostatic. South Africa, Ceylon, India,  Hepatoprotective. Canary Islands, Malay  Bactericide. Archipelago and Australia.  Fungicide and menstrual regulator.

OATS Common Name: Oats


Scientific Name: Avena sativa Division: Magnoliophyta Class: liliopsida Family: Poaceae Gender: Oats L. Origin: From Asia and Central Europe. Nutritional Value: high protein, vegetable fats and many vitamins and minerals. 65% saturated fats and 35% linoleic acid. Besides sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, copper, zinc, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and E, and fiber.


Common Name: Sunflower Scientific Name: Helianthus annuus Origin: The sunflower is native to North and Central America. Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Family: Asteraceae Gender: Helianthus.


Uses: They are usually consumed after a mild roast and sometimes a slight salty considered very healthy because, like sunflower seed oil, are rich in alpha-tocopherol (natural vitamin E) and minerals.


Common Name: Coconut


Scientific Name: Cocos nucifera

Origin: Exactly is not known, for some botanists are of Asian origin and other Caribbean. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida. Order: Arecales. Family: Arecaceae. ďƒź The coconut contains the largest seed there.

Common Name: Apple. Scientific Name: Malus domestica. Features: Excessive intake of the seeds has a toxicity which, like all Rosaceae contain acids that combined with gastric juices produced cyanide, which would produce a fatal result in the organism.


Origin: Some species are present in the mountains of Central Asia In southern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Xinjiang (China). Division: Magnoliophyta. Family: Rosaceae.


Common Name:: Pine. Scientific Name: Pinus cembra Order: Pinales.



Family: Pinaceae. This seed has a WINGED EXPANSION. Parties Pine Seed are: Created by: GĂŠmula. Damping-off. Radicle. Cotyledons. Ala: Xpansion membranous seed presents. Embryo: It consists of the PLANT along with cotyledons. Pine seed is a seed PROTALADA because nucellus can be reabsorbed during the formation of protalo and where no double fertilization occurs. The reserves are accumulated in the prothallus and are haploid and MATERNAL.



Common Name: Broccoli.

Scientific Name: italic Brassica oleracea var. Family: CrucĂ­feras. Origin: in Middle East (Anatolia's Peninsula, The Lebanon, Syria, etc.). Types: Calabrese, Romanesco, and white Broccoli. Food Characteristics: have the same form of ammunition and measure 2 to 3 mm in diameter.


ONames commonly: Onion, White Onion, Onion of egg, Chives.


Scientific name: Allium vine-stock. Family: Liliaceae. Origin: western Asia. Types: purple Onion, golden onion or grain of gold, Chive, Chalota talks or escalonia, White, Sweet and Onion type "French". Medicinal properties: It is used for the traffic, against the acne, and as natural antibiotic.

BEET ď‚– Names commonly: Beet. Names scientific: Thread vulgaris. Family: ChenopodiĂĄceas. Origin: Original of Europa's south. Types: Beet of table, red beet, beet and beet of garden. Food characteristics: It is an energetic food for his content in carbohydrates and tiamina. Features: The seeds are coated with a dry irregular envelope.

MANDARIN ď‚– Scientific name: Citrus nonbile. Names commonly: MandarĂ­n. Family: rutĂĄceas. Kind: citrus. Food characteristics: it contains vitamin C, vitamin B, citric acid, sugar reductora and caroteno. Medicinal properties: Adapted in the treatment of sores, and It Attacks the development of cardiovascular, degenerative diseases and cancer.

Names commonly: Guava, Araza, Hurapo, Luma, etc.

U Gď‚–

Scientific name: Psidium guajava. Family: Myrtaceae. Types: the guava lemon, the guava strawberry and the red guava. Origin: South America


Medicinal properties: It is used often in gastrointestinal diseases as diarrhea, shivers and stomachache. On the other hand, it is recommended for the caries, swelling, bile, scarlatina, vaginal hemorrhage, wounds, fever and dehydration.


Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Caryophyllales. Family: Cactaceae. Tribe: Cereeae. Genre: Arrojadoa.


Habitat: It is endemic to Bahia in Brazil. Its natural habitat is rocky areas. Is a rare species in the wild. *NOTE: There are over 200 genera of cacti (about 2.500 species), for the most part are adapted to arid climates.

Kingdom: Plantae Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida


Origin: Is a plant from a large area of China. ​ Order: Ericales. Family: Actinidiaceae. Genre: Actinidia. Common Name: Kiwi. Scientific Name: Actinidia deliciosa.




Common Name: Peach. Scientific: Prunus persica. Origin: It is native to China, Afghanistan and Iran.


Features: contains a single seed enclosed in a hard shell, the "bone". Division: Magnoliophyt. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Rosales. Family: Rosaceae. Subfamily: Amygdaloideae.

Division: Magnoliophyta. C O Family: Malvaceae. C O Common Name: Cocoa. ď‚– AScientific Name: Theobroma cacao. * Traditionally, there are three main varieties of cacao: Criollo, Trinitario and Forastero. Properties: * The seeds are used to treat asthma, weakness, fractures, loss of appetite, malaria, parasites, pneumonia, cough, colic, and poisoning. * The seed oil is used to treat wounds, rashes, burns, split lip, skin diseases, toothache, fatigue, malaria and rheumatism.

P O P ď‚– P Y Common Name: Poppy.

* Belongs to angiosperms.

Scientific Name: Papaver dubium.

Distributed in: Europe, Asia and North America.

Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: basal eudicots. Order: Ranunculales. Family: Papaveraceae. Genus: Papaver

Seed Features: 0.5 - 1.5 mm, reniform, reticulate, more or less honeycombed without aryl. * The seeds also are an important natural medicine, as calming nervous system.

Common Name: Eggplant.


Scientific Name: Solanum melongena. Division: Magnoliophyta.

 Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Solanaceae. Genre: Solanum. Section: Leptostemonum. Main producer countries:

• China. • India. • Iran. • Egypt.

COFFEE Division: Magnoliophyta Order: Gentianales Family: Rubiaceae


Genre: Coffea Origin: Asia and subtropical Africa. Features: They consist of two parts: Almond and Parchment. * The Almond is hard, greenish, is covered with a silver film when dry, and the embryo that is a very small plant that is within almond and feeds on it in early plant development. * The red or yellow part of the mature fruit is known pulp. Protecting the seed, there is a covering called parchment is covered with a sugary substance that is the "slime" or "goo".

Common Name: Corn. Cierntifico Name: Zea mays. Class: Liliopsida. Order: Poales. Family: Poaceae. Genre: Zea.


Features: In the cob, each seed is called cariópside independent fruit that is inserted into the cylindrical stalk or cob, the amount of grain produced per ear is limited by the number of kernels per row and rows per ear. Nutritional Values:​ Carbohydrates Proteins Niacin Iron

Sugars Vitamin A Folic Acid Magnesium

Fats Thiamine Vitamin C Potassium

Common Name: Passion Fruit. Scientific name: Passiflora edulis. Division: Magnoliophyta.


Order: Violales.


Family: Passifloraceae. Genre: Passiflora. Source: Considered from the Amazon region.

Features: The small seeds are found in the pulp which provide a lot of benefits when consumed with their flesh. Nutritional Values:​ These provide antioxidant protection for the maintenance of cardiovascular and intestinal systems. They are rich in polyphenolic compounds and provide insoluble dietary fiber and magnesium.

Common Name: Soursop.


Scientific name: Annona muricata. Division: Magnoliophyta.


Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Magnoliales.

Family: Annonaceae. Genre: Annona.


Origin: It is endemic to the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and South America. Features: Has annonacina (which causes brain lesions consistent with Parkinson's disease) is a neurotoxin

The black color is fresh and the present in the seeds of chocolate color have a few hours to air and light. soursop.

MANGO Common Name: Mango. Scientific Name: Mangifera indica. Phylum: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Sapindales. Family: Anacardiaceae. Genre: Mangifera.


Origin: Asia, India and Myanmar, comprising numerous varieties, many of them obtained by grafting. FEATURES: * Seed thin and long. (It depends on the variety). * Monospermous: containing a single seed. * The mango seed runs from 9 to 27% approx. the total weight of the fruit.

TREE TOMATO Common Name: Tree Tomato. Scientific Name: Solanum betaceum. Origin: from the Andes, Division: Angiospermae.


Peru, Colombia, Ecuador,

Class: Magnoliopsida.

Bolivia and Argentina.

Family: Solanaceae.

Features: the seeds are in the

Genre: Solanum.

fruit pulp, are small circular, flat plain yellow or dark green, covered with a different color aryl. Its weight varies between 5 and 6 mg, densely pubescent.

DANDELION Common Name: Dandelion.


Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale. Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Asteraceae Genre: Taraxacum. Origin: There are serious indications on a European origin. Characteristic: the method of dispersion is the air by hanging of a pappus achenes.

PEANUTS Common Name: Peanuts.


Origin: Thought from

Scientific Name: Arachis hypogaea.

the tropical regions of

Division: Magnoliophyta.

South America, where

Class: Magnoliopsida.

some species grow

Family: Fabaceae.

wild so.

Genre: Arachis.

Features: It has a concave shell geometry, thickness varies from 0.5 to 1 mm. It has high weight / volume. The chemical composition has wide dispersion and its seeds are appreciated in gastronomy.

Characteristics: It has a minimum amount of 200 seeds with a germination irregular at temperatures below 5 ° C,


maintaining constant moisture, avoiding direct sunlight. * It grows wild in cool, forested Asia, Africa and Europe. Benefits: It has great qualities as an astringent and diuretic .


Common Name: Strawberry. Scientific Name: Fragaria vesca. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Rosaceae. Genre: Fragaria.

R E B M U C U C Origin: from India and has


been cultivated for over 3000 years. Features: the seeds are spread around the fruit, are defined in pollination and fruit caused by absent parthenocarpic fruit. The seeds are oval, flattened, yellowish-white and of medium size.

Common Name: Cucumber. Scientific Name: Cucuminus sativus. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Cucurbitaceae. Genre: Cucumis.

CUCURBITA Common name: Pumpkin.


Scientific Name: Cucurbita. Division: Magnoliophyta.

Nutritional characteristics: the

Class: Magnoliopsida.

seeds are rich in essential

Family: Cucurbitaceae.

fatty acids, B vitamins, and sources of selenium and zinc.

Origin: It began to grow for

Medicinal properties: reduces

the first time, systematically,

hypertension, arthritis, as oil is

in Mesoamerica, the region

a good anti-inflammatory, has

corresponding to the states of

antioxidants, insomnia,

Puebla, Oaxaca and the State

prostate problems, etc..

of Mexico.


Common Name: Watermelon. Scientific Name: Citrullus lanatus. Division: Magnoliophyta, Order: Cucurbitales.


Family: Cucurbitaceae. Genre: Citrullus. Origin: Africa, but has a great presence and growth in Asia. Characteristics: Its consumption has high nutritional benefits, since it has a wide variety of proteins, fats, iron and other nutrients.

Features grape seed:  One of the main benefits is that it has lots of antioxidants.


 Common Name: Grape. Scientific Name: Vitis vinifera. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Vital. Family: Vitaceae. Origin: Believed originally from Southeast Asia.

 exceeded by positive effects of vitamin C, E and beta-carotene.  help promote blood circulation.  Excellent remedy for heart problems, it is recommended to follow the diet of grapes.  It is a potent anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory, excellent for keeping the skin, eyes and brain in excellent condition and many others.


Common Name: Melon. Scientific Name: Cucumis melo. Division: Magnoliophyta


Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Cucurbitales

Features: The grain is cariĂłpside about

Family: Cucurbitaceae

4 mm in diameter. Have inflorescences

Genre: Cucumis

in panicles and seeds coated with a

Origin: It is situated in southern

sticky substance 3 mm, spherical,

Asia where wildlife can be

oblong, black, red and yellow.


Uses: It can produce an oil that is


extracted from the seeds pressure, an oil with seasoning and enriching that some dishes that will give soothing and high in flavonoids.


Common Name: Snuff. Scientific name: Nicotiana tabacum. Division: Magnoliophyta ow n r o f in, a ure t p l S u c l in a g Your e l Order: Solanales n is o i t p er m h t u o s n y co an m Family: Solanaceae d n ny a a m r Origin: native to tropical Ge ies. r t n u co


Class: Magnoliopsida


Seeds of Nicotiana tabacum are really tiny, 1000-grain weight is 0.1 gr. For this reason and for its high germination rate causes seedlings to plant them in too long obtain seedlings by alveoli and greatly complicates their separation for replanting


Common Name: Cassava or manioc.


Scientific name: Yucca. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Euphorbiaceae.

Genre: Manihot. Origin: Native and widely cultivated in South America and the Pacific. It is endemic to the tropical region of Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru and Venezuela. Features: His seed is of poor quality for that playback is better than cuttings or by seed segments. Growth is slow in the first few months, so weed control is essential for proper development.

Common Name: Bean. Scientific name: Phaseolus vulgaris. Division: Magnoliophyta.


Class: Magnoliopsida.



Family: Fabaceae. Genre: Phaseolus. Origin: Common bean cultivation began around 7000 BC ago in southern Mexico and Guatemala.

Features: Possesses some toxic factors

Uses: in all of Latin America

when raw, as by cooking destroys these

paise beans is very important to

factors. Consumption in certain

the food, are an essential dish

quantities flatulence due to produce

and cooked in various ways


indigenous to each country.

THE ROOT  The root is a body usually leaves lacking underground growing stem reverse direction and whose main functions are fixing to the ground and the ground

water uptake and mineral salts. It can vary in many ways.  Some may be: Stolon





GLADIOLUS Common name: Gladiolus. Scientific name: Gladiolus.


Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida. Order: Asparagales. Family: Iridaceae. Genre: Gladiolus Features: Tuber caulinar vertically oriented, solid structure, somewhat flattened round shape, with the apex of growth in the upper center is usually somewhat depressed. It may take one or more years, renewed on previous corm, whose remains remain at the base of the new. This structure consists of multiple nodes, axillary buds which form new corms. *FASCICULATE ROOT.


Common Name: Garlic. Scientific name: Allium sativum. Family: Liliaceae. Division: Magnoliophyta.



Class: Liliopsida. Order: Asparagales. Origin: East. Features: Bulbous plant,

Medicinal Uses: Garlic is

composed of numerous teeth

antispasmodic, carminative,

with a white envelope paper

antiseptic, cholagogue,

appearance and consistency.

expectorant. It was used

Ensiformes flat sheets (as belt)

successfully to treat infected

2-3 cm wide.

wounds and parasites.


Common name: Potato. Scientific name: Solanum tuberosum. Division: Magnoliophyta.


Order: Solanales. Family: Solanaceae. Origin: It is native to the Andean highlands in an area that corresponds approximately to the south of Peru.

Features: The root system is fibrous, branched and extended more superficially and can penetrate up to 0.8 m deep roots, that are adventitious character, originate from underground buds. From the early stages of development, and even the time of tuber formation begins, the roots are growing fast.

Common Name: Strawberry.


Scientific Name: Fragaria vesca. Kingdom: Plantae.

Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida.


Family: Rosaceae. Genre: Fragaria.

Features: The root system is fasciculado, consists of roots and rootlets. The first exhibit vascular cambium and corky, while the latter lack this, are lighter in color and have a short lifespan, the roots are perennial. The rootlets suffer physiological renewal process, influenced by environmental factors, soil pathogens, etc.. The rooting depth is very variable, in optimal conditions can reach 2-3 m, but usually not exceeding 40 cm, being the majority (90%) in the first 25 cm.


Common name: Wheat. Scientific name: Triticum. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida. Order: Poales.


Family: Poaceae. Genre: Triticum. Origin: comes from ancient Mesopotamia. Features: usually reach more than a meter, placing most of them in the first 25 cm. of soil. The root growth begins Godson period, all of which are slightly branched. Under rainfed conditions the root density between 30-60cm. depth is greater, although in irrigated root growth is higher as befits a further development of the plants.


 Common name: Carrot.  Scientific name: Daucus carota.

Features: Root napiforme, shape and color variables. It warehousing

function, and also has many secondary roots that serve as organs of absorption. When a cross section are two distinct zones: one outside,

 Division: Magnoliophyta.  Class: Magnoliopsida.  Order: Apiales.  Family: Apiaceae.  Genre: Daucus.

consisting mainly of secondary phloem and outer xylem formed by the bone. Carrots most accepted are those with high proportion of outside crust because the xylem is usually woody and tasteless.

Origin: from central Asia and the Mediterranean.

PANDANUS Common name: Pandanus. Scientific name: Pandanus utilis. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida.


Order: Pandanales. Family: Pandanaceae. Genre: Pandanus. Origin: Pacific spread. with more than 600 different species spread to all the tropical belt length, from Africa to Oceania. Features: Numerous adventitious roots hanging from the branches, ending in a green germ, variables move in points heading into the soil, reaching after a long journey. The set forms a pyramidal beam seems to hold the trunk.

Common Name: Celery. Botanical Name: Apium graveolens. Division: Magnoliophyta.


Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Apiales.

Family: Apiaceae. Genre: Apium.

Origin: Celery is a plant from the Mediterranean, there other secondary centers as the Caucasus

Features: Has taproot, powerful and and the Himalayas. deep, with superficial secondary roots. The root collar sprout herbaceous stems that reach 30-80 cm in height.




Common Name: River Wonder. Scientific Name: Nuphar lutea. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Nymphaeales. Family: Nymphaeaceae.


Origin: It is native to Eurasia where it grows in lakes and freshwater ponds. Uses: The root applied to skin and eat to treat different conditions, but can be incredibly bitter in some plants.

Genre: Nuphar.

Common Name: Dandelion. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale. Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida. Family: Asteraceae Genre: Taraxacum. Origin: There are serious indications on a European origin.


Uses: dried root was used as a substitute for chicory, which in turn was a coffee substitute. Features: these roots are long, plump, fleshy adventitious. Dragging the plant sprout under or near the soil surface at a distance such as to allow development. After three years, these roots are shortened by up to 40% as their reserves are consumed.


ORCHID ď‚– Common Name: Orchid. Scientific Name: Orchidaceae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Liliopsida. Order: Orchidales. Family: Orchidaceae. Origin: not known exactly, but it was England and then Holland's what difundirlasen helped discover and worldwide.

Features: They are presented as tuberous roots and aerial; are highly developed, hanging from trees, and are green, they have a dual function, are the structures that are responsible for capturing the nutrients that the plant needs and function as fasteners. Their main function appears to be the mechanical protection, when the canopy is filled with water become transparent allowing light to reach the green tissue of roots and thus facilitates photosynthesis.

Common name: Rosa. Scientific Name: Rosaceae. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Rosales.


Origin: Its cultivation dates

Family: Rosaceae. back to gardening in ancient


imperial China. Features: The structure connects the original root and generates growth above and below ground. Buds develop roots that produce thick fibrous endings.

Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Apiales. Family: Apiaceae.


Division: Magnoliophyta.


Scientific Name: Pastinaca sativa.


Common Name: Parsnip.


Genre: Pastinaca. Species: P. sativa. Origin: it goes back to ancient times in Eurasia.

Features: It consumes the primary root and hypocotyl part cooked in stews and soups. It has more vitamins and minerals than carrots. Its roots have a pivotal taproot, fleshy and thick, whitish to yellowish, and fine secondary roots.

Common Name: Turnip. Scientific Name: Brassica rapa. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Baihua. Family: Brassicaceae. Genre: Brassica.


Features: the result is the fleshy root of size, shape and color variables have thickened top of the root and lower stem, seeds has blackish or cafĂŠs, small 2 mm diameter and spherical. Uses: The roots are used fresh, usually in the preparation of soups and salads, Medicinally it is said that the root cooked with lard, used for breast tumors.

Origin: probably originating in Central Europe. It is grown in the northern United States, Europe, Canada and Britain.

LETTUCE Common Name: Lettuce.


Scientific name: Lactuca sativa. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnolipsida. Order: Asterales.

Features: its root is annual and does not exceed 25

Family: Asteraceae. Genre: Lactuca.

cm depth, pivotal, short, branching. Origin: Some authors state that comes from India.

SWEET POTATO Common Name: Sweet Potato. Scientific name: Ipomoea batatas. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnolipsida/Dicot. Order: Solanales. Family: Convolvulaceae. Genre: Ipomoea.

ď‚– Origin: Native to the tropics of Central America and South America. Uses: sweet potato roots, are used for human consumption as a vegetable in soups and for making sweets.

Features: Is fibrous and extensive, both in depth and laterally. Edible portion which is the tuberous root peel and pulp varies from white to yellow, orange, roots originating in the stem nodes that are buried underground, may measure 30 to 40 cm in length and 15 to 20 cm diameter .


Common Name: Lulo. Scientific Name: Solanum quitoense. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Angiospermae. Class: Magnolipsida. Order: Solanales. Family: Solanaceae. Genre: Solanum.


Origin: It is native to the humid forests of the Andes in South America, specifically in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, in cool, shaded regions. Features: Presents a major pivot would anchor serves accompanied by a shallow fibrous root system, which penetrates up to 50 cm. deep with a great development of lateral roots.

Common Name: Grapefruit. Scientific name: Citrus paradisi. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Phanerogamae. Class: Angiosperms.

GRAPEFRUIT Features: It has a deep tap roots


that require fresh soil, loose and well drained.

Order: Geraniales. Family: Rutaceae. Genre: Citrus.

Origin: The plant is native to Southeast Asia and is grown in inter-tropical climate countries.

TRIDENT MAPLE BONSAI Common Name: Trident maple bonsai. Scientific name: Acer buergerianum. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Phanerogamae. Class: Angiosperms. Order: Sapindales. Family: Sapindaceae. Genre: Acer.


Origin: Originated in China about two thousand years ago, as an object of worship for Taoist monks. Characteristics: Its root is fasciculata as a result of various grafts was carried out at the plant.

Common name: Horseradish. Scientific name: Raphanus sativus. Kingdom: Plantae. Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Magnoliopsida. Order: Baihua. Family: Brassicaceae. Genre: Raphanus. mall ss e e h s th di n a i r he nated n, T : gin origi regio ould i r O bly nean hes w i s s po iterra radis nly i a Med e large Asia, m and l n whi nate in f Japa i o orig areas from a. n Chi

ď‚– al i n ien y, b r o sh l e l a f nnu root, a an hick s or or i l t t a I a ic llow to s: h n e t o i r tu le w cal, c e, ye two a e F etab ts ri whit rom i e r h veg le, sp red, eter f ted fo . , a b y edi gated n diam preci spic y p i n elo and It is a slightl k . pin nches r and i o six h flav fres

Uses: fresh root can be prepared salads, and fresh fruit are used medicinally as an antiseptic, laxative, diuretic and expectorant.




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