Page 1

A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana 2nd Edition

Michael J. Braun Davis W. Finch Mark B. Robbins and Brian K. Schmidt


Smithsonian Institution

O

USAID

•^^^^ FROM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE


A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana 2nd Edition

by

Michael J. Braun, Davis W. Finch, Mark B. Robbins, and Brian K. Schmidt

Publication 121 of the Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield Program National Museum of Natural History Smithsonian Institution Washington, DC, USA Produced under the auspices of the Centre for the Study of Biological Diversity University of Guyana Georgetown, Guyana

2007


PREFERRED CITATION:

Braun, M. J., D. W. Finch, M. B. Robbins and B. K. Schmidt. 2007. A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana, 2nd Ed. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

AUTHORS' ADDRESSES:

Michael J. Braun - Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 4210 Silver Hill Rd., Suitland, MD, USA 20746 (braunm@si.edu) Davis W. Finch - WINGS, 1643 North Alvemon Way, Suite 105, Tucson, AZ, USA 85712 (wings@wingsbirds.com) Mark B. Robbins - Division of Ornithology, Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA 66045 (mrobbins@ku.edu) Brian K. Schmidt - Smithsonian Institution, Division of Birds, PO Box 37012, Washington, DC, USA 200137012 (schmidtb@si.edu)

COVER ILLUSTRATION:

Guyana's national bird, the Hoatzin or Canje Pheasant, Opisthocomus hoazin, by Dan Lane.


INTRODUCTION This publication presents a comprehensive list of the birds of Guyana with summary information on their habitats, biogeographical affinities, migratory behavior and abundance, in a format suitable for use in the field. It should facilitate field identification, especially when used in conjunction with an illustrated work such as Birds of Venezuela (Hilty 2003). It is part of a series of comprehensive lists of the flora and fauna of Guyana being developed by the Smithsonian Institution's Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield Program and the Centre for the Study of Biological Diversity, University of Guyana (Boggan etal. 1997, HoUowell & Reynolds 2005, www.nmnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg.htm). The first edition of this list (Braun et al. 2000) included 786 species. The list presently stands at 814 species that have been documented as occurring in Guyana. It builds upon the long out-of-print work of Snyder (1966), who listed 720 species. Her list is largely treated as authoritative, but 10 species are removed for lack of concrete documentation. These are Tinamus tao, Butorides virescens, Patagioenas fasciata, Crotophaga sulcirostris, Pharomachrusfulgidus, lodopleura pipra, Tangara peruviana, Loxigilla noctis, Sporophila hypochroma and Gymnomystax mexicanus. Species included are those whose occurrence in the country is supported by physical evidence (specimen, photograph, sound recording, or band recovery) or written documentation of a sight record by a reliable, experienced observer (see below). The nomenclature follows A Classification of the Bird Species of South America (Remsen et al. 2007).

DEFINITIONS Abbreviations and symbols are used for various categories of habitat, endemism, migration and abundance. The endemism and habitat codes follow Stotz et al. (1996); some habitat codes are modified to reflect the authors' experience in Guyana. Figure 1 (inside back cover) shows the distribution of principal habitats in Guyana. HABITAT CODES

LF MF RI MA MU

Lowland forest, including both terrafirme and seasonally flooded forest. Montane forest. Riverine habitats, including the river and their islands, banks, waterfalls, and riparian forests. Marine or salt water habitats, including coastal and pelagic waters. Mudflats and coastal beaches.


FW MN HU SV SC PA

Fresh water habitats, including lakes, impoundments, ponds, oxbows, marshes, and canals. Mangrove forest. Habitats altered by humans, such as gardens, towns, roadsides, agricultural lands, disturbed forests and forest edge. Savanna grasslands. Scrub or brush habitats, including white sand scrub, bush islands, and dense, low second growth. Palm trees and forests.

ENDEMISM AND MIGRATION CODES

(EN/MI)

GUI TEP

Restricted to the Guianas and adjacent Venezuela and Brazil. Restricted to the tepui highlands of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana. In Guyana, these include the Pacaraima and Merume Mountains. AMN Restricted to Amazonian (and Guianan) lowlands north of the Amazon. NBA Nearctic migrant; except for shorebirds, these occur SeptemberMay and are absent in the northern summer months of JuneAugust. AUS Austral migrant; typically present May- September.

ABUNDANCE CODES

C F U S ? E t L

[] *

(ABU)

Common; more than 20 individuals encountered daily in prime habitat and season. Fairly common; 5-20 individuals encountered daily in prime habitat and season. Uncommon; present in small numbers (fewer than 5 individuals per day); not encountered daily even in prime habitat and season. Scarce; only occasionally encountered in small numbers even in prime habitat and season. Occurs in Guyana but status unclear due to scarcity of data. Extirpated; no longer occurs, probably as a result of hunting (Homed Screamer). Extinct (Eskimo Curlew). Local; used with other abundance codes to indicate that a species ' distribution in the country is patchy and that it is absent from large areas of apparently suitable habitat. Sight records only (24 species). Reported for Guyana, but needs verification (14 species).


DOCUMENTING NEW RECORDS While this list contains new information, much remains to be learned. Every effort should be made to document species not on this list, as well as those marked by brackets or asterisks, or with an abundance code of "?". Copies of photographs, tape recordings and/or written details of sight records may be sent to the first author. These should include date, time, specific locality, observers' names and addresses, description of size, shape and color pattern with specific field marks used to eliminate similar species, habitat, behavior, light conditions, optical equipment and previous experience of the observers with the species in question and its relatives. Documenting new or unusual distributional records of birds is only the beginning. Little is known of the habitat, behavior, migration, breeding and ecology of many Neotropical birds. New and significant discoveries await any keen observer with a pair of binoculars and a field guide! We hope this publication will generate new information on the status and distribution of Guyana's birdlife and result in an increased commitment to its preservation.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We give special thanks to the Amerindian Peoples of Guyana for their invaluable assistance during all our fieldwork. The assistance of Harold Ameer, Calvin Bernard, John Caesar, Malcolm and Margaret ChanA-Sue, Phillip DaSilva, Duane, Sandy and Justin deFreitas, Colin Edwards, Laurice Franklin, Vicki Funk, Patricia Gentili-Poole, Ashley Holland, Shirley Humphrys, Carol Kelloff, Ramesh Lilwah, Diane McTurk, Christopher Milensky, Andy Naraine, Dyantie Naraine, Louis Orella, Claudius Perry, Annie Pitamber, Waldyke Prince, Indarjit Ramdass, Nathan Rice, Michael Tamessar, Tony Thorne and Romeo Williams has been indispensable. Mark Adams, David Agro, David Ascanio, Brian Barber, Robb Brumfield, Kim Bostwick, Santiago Claramunt, H. David Clarke, Mario Cohn-Haft, James Dean, Kristine Erskine, Christina Gebhard, Chris Huddleston, Leo Joseph, Judy Karwacki, Jewel Liddell, Elford Liverpool, Gerlof Mees, Naseem Nasir, Brian O'Shea, Javier Piedra, K.P. Raghunath, Robert Ridgely, Greg Schmitt, Douglas Stotz, Graham Watkins, Bret Whitney, Jane Winchell and Kristof Zyskowski also aided us in many ways. The following organizations provided permission, advice and support: National Biodiversity Advisory Committee of the Environmental Protection Agency, Ministry of Amerindian Affairs, Embassy of the United States of America, Georgetown, Guyana, Wilderness Explorers, Iwokrama International Centre for Rain Forest Conservation and Development, National Geographic Society, American Bird Conservancy, National Aviary,


Conservation International, South Rupununi Conservation Society, and American Federation of Aviculturists. This publication is made possible by the support of the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID.) The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.

REFERENCES Bamett, A., R. Shapley, R Benjamin, E. Henry, and M. McGarrell. 2002. Birds of the Potato Plateau, with eight new species for Guyana. Cotinga 18:19-36. Boggan, J., V. Funk, C. Kelloff, M. Hoff, G Cremers, & C. Feuillet. 1997. Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas, 2nd Ed. Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 238 pp. Braun, M. J., D. W. Finch, M. B. Robbins and B. K. Schmidt. 2000. A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Braun, M. J., M. B. Robbins, C. M. Milensky, B. J. O'Shea, B. R. Barber, W. Hinds and W. S. Prince. 2003. New birds for Guyana from Mts. Roraima and Ayanganna. Bull. Brit. Orn. Club 123: 24-33. Braun, M. J., M. L. Isler, P. R. Isler, J. M. Bates and M. B. Robbins. 2005. Avian speciation in the Pantepui: The case of the Roraiman Antbird (Percnostola [Schistocichla] "leucostigma " saturata). Condor 107: 329-343. Haverschmidt, F., and G. F. Mees. 1994. Birds of Suriname. VACO, N.V., Paramaribo. Hilty, S. L. 2003. Birds of Venezuela. 2nd Ed. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey. HoUowell, T., and R. P. Reynolds, eds. 2005. Checklist of the Terrestrial Vertebrates of the Guiana Shield. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington, no 13. Meyer de Schauensee, R., and W. H. Phelps, Jr. 1978. A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela. Princeton University Press, Princeton. O'Shea, B. J., C. M. Milensky, S. Claramunt, B. K. Schmidt, C. A. Gebhard, C. G. Schmitt, and K. T. Erskine. 2007. New records for Guyana, with description of the voice of Roraiman Nightjar (Caprimulgus whitelyi). Bull. Brit. Omith. Club, in press. Parker, T. A., Ill, R. B. Foster, L. H. Emmons, P. Freed, A. B. Forsyth, B. Hoffman, and B. D. Gill. 1993. A biological assessment of the Kanuku Mountain region of southwestern Guyana. Conservation International, RAP Working Papers 5. Remsen, J. V, A. Jaramillo, M. Nores, J. F. Pacheco, M. B. Robbins, T. S.


Schulenberg, F. G. Stiles, J. M. C. da Silva, D. F. Stotz, & K. J. Zimmer. 2007 (March 12 version). A classification ofthe bird species of South America. Am. Ornithologists' Union, http:// www.museum.lsu. edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.html. Ridgely, R. S., and G. Tudor. 1989. The Birds of South America, Volume I: The Oscine Passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin. Ridgely, R. S., and G Tudor. 1994. The Birds of South America, Volume IT. The Suboscine Passerines. University of Texas Press, Austin. Ridgely, R. S., D. Agro, & L. Joseph. 2005. Birds of Iwokrama Forest. Proc. Academy of Nat. Sei. 154:109-121. Robbins, M. B., M. J. Braun and D. W. Finch. 2003. Discovery of a population of the endangered Red Siskin (Carduelis cucullata) in Guyana. Auk 120: 291-298. Robbins, M. B., M. J. Braun and D. W. Finch. 2004. Avifauna of the Guyana southern Rupununi, with comparisons to other savannas of northern South America. Ornitología Neotropical 15:173-200. Robbins, M. B., M. J. Braun, Christopher J. Huddleston, Davis W. Finch, & Christopher M. Milensky. 2005. First Guyana records, natural history, and systematics ofthe White-naped Seedeater {Dolospingus fringilloides). Ibis 147: 334-341. Robbins, M. B., M. J. Braun, C. M. Milensky, B. K. Schmidt, W. Prince, N. H. Rice, D. W. Finch and B. J. O'Shea. 2007. Avifauna ofthe Upper Essequibo River and Acary Mountains, Southern Guyana, with comparisons to other Guianan Shield sites. Ornitología Neotropical 18. Snyder, D. E. 1966. The Birds of Guyana. Peabody Museum, Salem. Stotz, D. F., J. W. Fitzpatrick, T. A. Parker III, and D. K. Moskovits. 1996. Neotropical Birds: Ecology and Conservation. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. Tostain, Olivier, J.-L. Dujardin, Ch. Érard and J.-M. Thiollay. 1992. Oiseaux de Guyane. Société d'Études Omithologiques, Brunoy, France.


%Ă­ I ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME Tinamous 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU|

Tinamidae

Great Tinamou Tinamus major Cinereous Tinamou Crypturellus cinereus Little Tinamou Crypturellus soui Undulated Tinamou Crypturellus undulatus Red-leqqed Tinamou Crypturellus erythropus Variegated Tinamou Crypturellus varieqatus Rusty Tinamou Crypturellus brevirostris

LF LF, SC SC, LF LF LRSC LF LRMF

F F F F U F S

FW FW

S C

FW

C

RL FW FW, Rl FW FW FW FW, MN FW FW

S C S C S S S U

Screamers Anhimidae Horned Screamer Anhima cornuta Ducks, Geese

Anatidae

9 Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor 10 White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocyqna viduata 11 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocyqna autumnalis 12 Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata 13 Muscovy Duck Cairina mosctiata 14 Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos 15 Brazilian Teal Amazonetta brasiliensis 16 Northern Pintail Anas acuta 17 White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis 18 Blue-winged Teal Anasdiscors 19 Masked Duck Nomonyx dominicus

Curassows, Guans 20 21 22 23 24 25

NBA

Cracidae

Variable Chachalaca Ortalis motmot Marail Guan Penelope marail Spix's Guan PenelopeJacquacu Blue-throated Piping-Guan Pipile cumanensis Crestless Curassow Mitu tomentosum Black Curassow Crax alector

Quails

NBA

LRSC LF LF LR MF RI, LF LR MF

GUI

AMN AMN

C U F FL UL F

Odontophoridae

26 Crested Bobwhite Colinus cristatus

SV, SC, HU LF

F

FW FW

F S

30 Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea 31 Greater Shearwater Puffinus gravis * 32 Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus Iherminieri

MA MA MA

? ? ?

Storm-Petrels Hydrobatidae 33 Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus 34 Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

MA MA

? ?

27 Marbled Wood-Quail Odontophorus gujanensis Grebes Podicipedidae 28 Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus 29 Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

Shearwaters

F

Procellariidae

Pelicans Pelecanidae 35 Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Boobies Sulidae 36 Brown Booby Sula leucogaster


|(í ENGLISH NAME-SCIENTIFIC NAME

HABrrAT EN/MI ABU

1

Cormorants Phalacrocoracidae 1 37 Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus

1 FW, Rl 1

1 c 1

1

Anhingas 1 38 Anhinga Anhinga anhinga

1 FW, Rl 1

c

1

Frigatebirds Fregatidae 1 39 Magnificent Frigatebird Fragata magnificens

1 MA, MN 1

1 c 1

FW Rl LRRI FW, MN LRRI FW FW FW

F S U F S F F

FW, MU

C

Herons

Anhingidae

Ardeidae

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Rufescent Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma lineatum Fasciated Tiger-Heron Tigrisoma fasciatum Aqami Heron Agamia agami Boat-billed Heron Cochiearius cochlearius Zigzag Heron Zebrilus undulatus Pinnated Bittern Botaurus pinnatus Least Bittern Ixobrychus exiiis Stripe-backed Bittern Ixobrychus involucris Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax 49 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violácea 50 Striated Heron Butorides striata 51 52 53 54 55 56

Cattle Eqret Bubulcus ibis Cocoi Heron Ardea cocol Great Eqret Ardea alba Capped Heron Pilherodius pileatus Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor Snowy Egret Egretta thula

57 Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Ibises

HU FW, Rl MU, FW FW, Rl MN,MU

U C

c c c F C

MU, MN, FW

c

MN, MU, FW

c

Threskiornithidae

58 Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber 59 60 61 62 63

MN, FW, MU FW, MN, Rl

?

[Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus] * Sharp-tailed Ibis Cercibis oxycerca Green Ibis Mesembrinibis cayennensis Bare-faced Ibis Phimosus infuscatus * Buff-necked Ibis Theristicus caudatus

FW, MN, HU FW FW, SV LRRI FW FW, HU, SV

C ?

F C ? F

MU, FW

F

65 Maguari Stork Ciconia maguari

SV HU, FW

F

66 Jabirú Jabirú mycteria 67 Wood Stork Mycteria americana

FW, SV FW

F C

68 Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

HU, SC, SV

C

69 Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes burrovianus

SV,SC, FW

C

64 Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja

Storks

Vultures

Ciconiidae

Cathartidae


Ml ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 70 Greater Yellow-headed Vulture Cathartes melambrotus 71 Black Vulture Coraqyps atratus 72 King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa

Flamingos Phoenicopteridae 73 Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Osprey

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU| LF

c

se, HU LR SV

e F

I MU, MA I

I

Pandionidae

74 Osprey Pandion haliaetus

MA, FW, Rl

Hawks, Eagles Accipitridae 75 Gray-headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis 76 Hook-billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus 77 Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus 78 Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii 79 White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus 80 81 82 83 84 85

Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis Slender-billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus Double-toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus Rufous-thighed Kite Harpagus diodon Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plúmbea Long-winged Harrier Circus buffoni

86 87 88 89

Gray-bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiterstriatus Bicolored Hawk Accipiter bicolor

90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107

Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens Black-faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis Common Black-Hawk Buteoqallus anthracinus Rufous Crab-Hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis Great Black-Hawk Buteogallus urubitinga Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis [Solitary Eagle Harpytialiaetus solitarius] * Black-collared Hawk Busarellus niqricollis Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris [Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus] Gray Hawk Buteo nitidus Short-tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus White-tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus Crested Eagle Morphnus quianensis Harpy Eagle Harpía harpyja Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus 108 Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus 109 Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus

10

NEA

F

LF

U

LF RL MF LF MF

U

SV se, HU

U

HU, SV SC FW, HU RLFW LF MF LFMF LF SV se, FW LF LFMF LF MF

P

P

AUS?

e s u s p u

AUS?

s s s

LR SC, SV

u

LF LF LRMR MN, PA MN, HU LRRI SV, se 7 FW, RI HU, se LRMR se, HU LR SV, se LRSC LR LR

p u p UL P P e ?

LRMR

u

LR MR PA LRMR

u

p p s p u p u s s

u


y I ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU|

Falcons, Caracaras Falconidae 110 Black Caracara Daptrius ater

Rl, LF,

F

se 111 Red-throated Caracara Ibycteramericanus 112 Southern Caracara Caracara plancus

LF SV, HU,

F

113 Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima

SV se, HU

F

114 115 116 117

LRSe LF LF

U u u

LF

s

LRSe

u

SV se, HU

F

e

se Laughing Falcon Herpetotheres cachinnans Barred Forest-Falcon Micrastur ruficollis Lined Forest-Falcon Micrastur qilvicollis Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon Micrastur mirandoilei 118 Collared Forest-Falcon Micrastur semitorquatus 119 American Kestrel Falco sparverius 120 [Merlin Falco columbarius]

HU, MU, SV

121 Bat Falcon Falco rufigularis

LR se, RI

F

122 Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus 123 Aplomado Falcon Falco femoralis 124 Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

LR MF SV se MU, se, HU

S U

Limpkin |l25 Limpkin Aramus guarauna

NBA

NEA

S

u

Aramidae

Trumpeters Psophiidae |126 Gray-winged Trumpeter Psophia crepitans Rails

Rallidae

127 128 129 130

Speckled Crake Coturnicops notatus Ocellated Crake Micropygia schomburgkii Clapper Rail Rallus lonqirostris Gray-necked Wood-Rail Aramides cajanea

131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142

Rufous-necked Wood-Rail Aramides axillaris Uniform Crake Amaurolimnas concolor Russet-crowned Crake Anurolimnas viridis Rufous-sided Crake Laterallus melanophaius Gray-breasted Crake Laterallus exitis Yellow-breasted Crake Porzana flaviventer Ash-throated Crake Porzana albicollis Sora Porzana Carolina Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica Azure Gallinule Porphyrio flavirostris

1

Finfoots |l43 Sungrebe Heliornis fĂşlica

1

Sunbittern |144 Sunbittern Eurypyga hallas

SV SV MN FW, MN, LF

S U F

MN, LF LF

U S U F S

F

svse FW FW, SV FW FW FW HU, FW FW FW FW

u NEA

F S

u s F F

Heliornithidae 1 FW, RI 1

1 F 1

Eurypygidae 1

11

RI,LF 1

F


Ml ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME Plovers

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU|

Charadriidae

145 Pied Lapwinq Vanellus cayanus 146 Southern Lapwing Vanellus chilensis

Rl FW, HU, SV

147 148 149 150 151

SV, HU MU MU MU MU, Rl

NEA NEA NEA

FW

NEA?

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia Collared Plover Charadrius collaris

1

Stilts Recurvirostridae |l52 Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

1

1

Thick-knees Burhinidae |l53 Double-Striped Thick-knee Burhinus bistriatus

1 SV, HU

Sandpipers 154 155 156 157 158 159 160

F C F C C

u F

S 1 F 1

Scolopacidae

Wilson's Snipe Gallinaqo delicata South American Snipe Gallinago paraguaiae Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus [Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica] Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis f Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

?

FW, SV FW, SV SV, FW MU MU, FW SV MU, MN, HU

NEA

NEA

F

161 Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda 162 Willet Trinqa semipalmata 163 Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

SV, HU MU, MN FW, MU, HU

NEA NEA

S F

NEA

C

164 Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

FW, MU, HU

NEA

C

165 Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria 166 Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

FW, Rl Rl, MN, FW

NEA

F

NEA

C

167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174

MU MU MU MU MU MU, FW MU, FW

NEA NEA NEA NEA

C

MU, FW, HU MU, FW SV, HU

NEA

F

NEA NEA

U S

178 Great Skua Stercorarius skua 179 Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus 180 [Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus]

MA MA MA

NEA NEA NEA

S

Gulls, Terns Laridae 181 [Lesser Black-backed Gull Larusfuscus]

MA, MU

NEA

U

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Red Knot Calidris canutus Sanderling Calidris alba Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

175 [Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus] 176 [Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis]

NEA NEA NEA

NEA NEA NEA

F S C S

t

c c c c F C

Jacanas Jacanidae 177 Wattled Jacana Jacanajacana Skuas

Stercorariidae

12

? ?


Ill I ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189

Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Brown Noddy Anous stolidus Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus] Least Tern Sternula antillarum Yellow-billed Tern Sternula superciliaris Large-billed Tern Phaetusa simplex Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica

190 191 192 193 194 195

[Black Tern Chlidonias niger] Common Tern Sterna hirundo Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii [Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea] Sandwich Tern Ttialasseus sandvicensis [Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus]

Skimmers

MA, MU MA MA MA MA, MU Rl, FW Rl, FW

C S S ? NEA

MA, MU, FW MA MA, MU MA, MU MA MA, MU MA, MU

Pigeons, Doves Columbidae 197 Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina Plain-breasted Ground-Dove Columbina minuta Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti Blue Ground-Dove Claravis pretiosa Rock Pigeon Columba livia Scaled Pigeon Patagioenas speciosa

203 Pale-vented Pigeon Patagioenas cayennensis

U NEA NEA NEA NEA

204 Plumbeous Pigeon Patagioenas plúmbea 205 Ruddy Pigeon Patagioenas subvinacea 206 Eared Dove Zenaida auriculata

c

MA, MU, Rl

C

se, HU, SV

C

SV se se, HU LF, se HU LF, se, SV se, SV,

U C F CL F C

LR MF LR MF

F F

se, HU,

C

SV White-tipped Dove Leptotila verreauxi Gray-fronted Dove Leptotila rufaxilla Violaceous Quail-Dove Geotrygon violácea Ruddy Quail-Dove Geotrygon montana

Parrots

F C C ? C

Rl

207 208 209 210

F C F

Rynchopidae

196 Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

198 199 200 201 202

iHABnAlJEN/MllABul

se

C F

LF LF LF

?

U

Psittacidae

211 Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna 212 213 214 215 216

Scarlet Macaw Aramacao Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus Red-bellied Macaw Orthopsittaca manilata Red-shouldered Macaw Diopsittaca nobilis

217 218 219 220 221 222 223

White-eyed Parakeet Aratinga leucophthalma Sun Parakeet Aratinga solstitialis Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax Painted Parakeet Pyrrhura picta Fiery-shouldered Parakeet Pyrrhura egregia Green-rumped Parrotlet Forpus passerinus Dusky-billed Parrotlet Forpus sclateri

PA, LR Rl LF

P

LF LRSC PA, SV

P SL C

P

PA, SV

C

se

13

LF SVSC SVSC LR MR MF LRHU LR

AMN

TEP

C SL C C P

c u


y I ENGLISH NAME โ€ข SCIENTIFIC NAME 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238

Golden-winged Parakeet Brotogeris chrysoptera Tepui Parrotlet Nannopsittaca panychlora Lilac-tailed Parrotlet Touit batavicus Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet Touit huetii Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet Touitpurpuratus Black-headed Parrot Pionites melanocephalus Caica Parrot Gypopsitta caica Blue-headed Parrot Pionus menstruus Dusky Parrot Pionus fuscus Blue-cheeked Parrot Amazona dufresniana Festive Parrot Amazona festiva Yellow-crowned Parrot Amazona ochrocephala Orange-winged Parrot Amazona amazรณnica Mealy Parrot Amazona farinosa Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus

Hoatzin 1239 Hoatzin

248 Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani 249 Striped Cuckoo Tapera naevia 250 Pavonine Cuckoo Dromococcyx pavoninus 251 Rufous-winged Ground-Cuckoo Neomorphus rufipennis

Typical Owls

TER

AMN GUI

C C C U U F F C C U ?

c c c c

Cuculidae

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus Pearly-breasted Cuckoo Coccyzus euleri Mangrove Cuckoo Coccyzus minor Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus Squirrel Cuckoo Piaya cayana Black-bellied Cuckoo Piaya meianogaster Little Cuckoo Piaya minuta Greater An 1 Crotophaga major

Barn Owls 1252 Barn Owl

LF MF, LF LF LF LRMF LF LF LF LF LRRI LF SV, SC LRSC LF LF

Opisthocomidae Opisthocomus hoazin

Cuckoos 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247

HABITAllEN/MI ABU

LF NBA LF AUS? MN LF AUS? LF LF SC, FW

U S U U P U P

Rl, MN, FW SC, HU

c

SC, SV, HU LR MR

p

LR

c

GUI

u u

Tytonidae Tyto alba Strigidae

253 Tropical Screech-Owl Megascops choiiba 254 Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl Megascops watsonii 255 Vermiculated Screech-Owl Megascops guatemalae 256 Crested Owl Loptiostrix cristata 257 Spectacled Owl Puisatrix perspiciilata 258 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus 259 Mottled Owl Ciccaba virgata 260 Black-banded Owl Ciccaba huhuia 261 Amazonian Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium hardyi 262 Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum 263 Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia 264 Striped Owl Pseudoscops clamator 265 Stygian Owl Asio stygius 266 Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

14

SC, LP LR MR LRMP LP SC, SV LRMP LR MR LR MR SC, LP SV, SC SV, SC SC, LP SVHU

P

u u u u u ?

?

u p p

s s s


i^l ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME Oilbird 1267 Oilbird

Steatornithidae Steatornis caripensis

Potรณos Nyctibiidae 268 Great Potoo Nyctibius grandis 269 Long-tailed Potoo Nyctibius aethereus 270 Common Potoo Nyctibius griseus 271 White-winged Potoo Nyctibius leucopterus 272 Rufous Potoo Nyctibius bracteatus

Nighthawks, Nightjars

LF LF

U S

LR SC, MN LF LF

U S

284 Roraiman Nightjar Caprimulgus whiteiyi 285 Ladder-tailed Nightjar Hydropsalis climacocerca

Swifts

LRRI

F

SV SC, SV Rl SV, SC SC, HU SCLF SC, SV SVSC SV, FW

C C

LR SC, Rl SC, SV

c c c F ?

F F F TEP

Rl

UL F

Apodidae

White-chinned Swift Cypseloides cryptus Black Swift Cypseloides niger Tepui Swift Streptoprocne phelpsi White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris

MRRI 7 MRRI MR LR

se 290 Band-rumped Swift 291 Gray-rumped Swift

F

Caprimulgidae

273 Short-tailed Nighthawk Lurocalis semitorquatus 274 Least Nighthawk Chordeiles pusillus 275 Lesser Nighthawk Ctiordeiles acutipennis 276 Band-tailed Nighthawk Nyctiprogne leucopyga 277 Nacundรก Nighthawk Podager nacundรก 278 Common Pauraque Nyctidromus albicollis 279 Rufous Nightjar Caprimulgus rufus 280 Band-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus iongirostris 281 White-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus cayennensis 282 Spot-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus maculicaudus 283 Blackish Nightjar Caprimulgus nigrescens

286 287 288 289

iHABnAlJEN/MllABul

Chaetura spinicaudus Chaetura cinereiventris

292 Chapman's Swift

Chaetura chapmani

293 Short-tailed Swift

Chaetura brachyura

Hummingbirds Trochilidae 297 Rufous-breasted Hermit Glaucis hirsutus 298 Pale-tailed Barbthroat Threnetes leucurus 299 Streak-throated Hermit Phaethornis rupurumii 300 Little Hermit Phaethornis longuemareus 301 Reddish Hermit Phaethornis ruber 302 Sooty-capped Hermit Phaethornis augusti

15

CL C C

LR MR Rl

C

LR se,

U

LR se,

C

HU MF

FL

PA, SV

C

se 296 Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift Panyptila cayennensis

CL ?

LRRI

Rl

294 [White-tipped Swift Aeronautas montivagus] 295 Fork-tailed Palm-Swift Tachornis squamata

NBA? TEP

LF

U

LF LRRI LRRI LR LR SC, LR MF

U U U U F U


^\ ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312

Straight-billed Hermit Phaethomis bourcieri Long-tailed Hermit Phaethomis superciliosus Blue-fronted Lancebill Doryfera johannae Gray-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus larqipennis Rufous-breasted Sabrewing Campylopterus hyperythrus White-necked Jacobin Florisuga mellivora Brown Violetear Colibrí delphinae [Sparkling Violetear Colibrí coruscans] Green-throated Mango Anthracothorax virídigula Black-throated Mango Anthracothorax nigricollis

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU| LF, MF LR MF MF

P P U

LF

P

MF

TER

u

MR se

PL

MN,SC

U

p

se, LR

P

RI 313 Fiery-tailed Awlbill Avocettula recun/irostris 314 Crimson Topaz Topaza pella 315 Ruby-topaz Hummingbird Chrysolampis mosquitus 316 Tufted Coquette Lophornis ornatus 317 Peacock Coquette Lophornis pavoninus 318 Racket-tailed Coquette Discosura longicaudus 319 Blue-chinned Sapphire Chlorestes notata 320 Blue-tailed Emerald Chlorostilbon mellisugus

LP RLLF

S

u

se, SV

p

LF MF LF LRSe

u u u

TER

p

se, SV

p

LP 321 322 323 324 325 326 327

Fork-tailed Woodnymph Thalurania furcata Rufous-throated Sapphire Hylocharis sapphirina White-chinned Sapphire Hylocharís cyanus White-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus guainumbi [Tepui Goldenthroat Polytmus millen] * Green-tailed Goldenthroat Polytmus theresiae Plain-bellied Emerald Amazilia leucogaster

LRMP LRSe LP SV 7 FW, SV LR MN, HU LRSe LRSe

328 Versicolored Emerald Amazilia versicolor 329 White-chested Emerald Amazilia brevirostrís 330 Glittering-throated Emerald Amazilia fimbriata

SV se,

331 Green-bellied Hummingbird

MR se,

p

u p p TER

p UL P

c u

RI 332 333 334 335

Velvet-browed Brilliant Heliodoxa xanthogonys Black-eared Fairy Heliothryx auritus Long-billed Starthroat Heliomaster longirostris Amethyst Woodstar Calliphlox amethystina

Trogons 336 337 338 339 340 341

MR se

?

p

LP Amazilia viridigaster

e

LRRI MF

TER

LP LRRI se, LP

e u p

u

Trogonidae

White-tailed Trogon Trogon viridis Violaceous Trogon Trogon violaceus Collared Trogon Trogon collaris Masked Trogon Trogon personatus Black-throated Trogon Trogon rufus Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus

Kingfishers Alcedinidae 342 Ringed Kingfisher Megaceryle torquata 343 [Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon]

16

LP LP MP MP LP LP

RI, PW, MN PW

P P P U P P

P NEA

S


)[#| ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME

[HABnAlJEN/MllABul

344 Amazon Kingfisher Chloroceryle amazona

Rl, FW, MN

F

345 Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana

Rl, FW, MN

F

346 Green-and-rufous Kingfisher Chloroceryle inda

Rl, FW, LF

U

347 American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea

Rl, LF, FW

U

Motmots Momotidae 1348 Blue-crowned Motmot Momotus momota Jacamars 349 350 351 352 353 354 355

Puffbirds 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363

Galbulidae

Brown Jacamar Brachygalba lugubris Yellow-billed Jacamar Gálbula albirostris Rufous-tailed Jacamar Gálbula ruficauda Green-tailed Jacamar Gálbula gálbula Bronzy Jacamar Gálbula leucogastra Paradise Jacamar Gálbula dea Great Jacamar Jacamerops aureus

Rl, SC LF LF, SC LF, SC SC, LF LRRI LF

CL AMN UL

U

Bucconidae

Guianan Puffbird Notharchus macrorhynchos Pied Puffbird Notharchus tectus Spotted Puffbird Buceo tamatia Collared Puffbird Buceo capensis White-chested Puffbird Malacoptila fusca Rusty-breasted Nunlet Nonnula rubecula Black Nunbird Monasa atra Swallow-winged Puffbird Chelidoptera tenebrosa

LF LF SCLF LF LF LF LF

GUI

U U F F U U

AMN

c c

Rl, SC, LF

New World Barbets Capitonidae 1364 Black-spotted Barbet Capito niger Toucans Ramphastidae 365 Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco 366 White-throated Toucan Ramphastos tucanus 367 Channel-billed Toucan Ramphastos vitellinus 368 Chestnut-tipped Toucanet Aulacorhynchus derbianus 369 Guianan Toucanet Selenidera culik 370 Tawny-tufted Toucanet Selenidera nattereri * 371 Green Aracari Pteroglossus viridis 372 Black-necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari

Woodpeckers

SV, Rl LF LF

UL C C

MF

U

LF LF LF LF

GUI GUI

F S F F

Picidae

373 Golden-spangled Piculet Picumnus exilis 374 White-bellied Piculet Picumnus spilogaster 375 White-barred Piculet Picumnus cirratus 376 [White Woodpecker Melanerpes candidus] 377 Yellow-tufted Woodpecker Melanerpes cruentatus 378 Red-crowned Woodpecker Melanerpes rubricapillus

17

LF MN, Rl, HU

F

SC HU

F S

LF, HU

F

LF, MN

?

F


SĂŠ ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 379 Little Woodpecker Veniliornis passerinus 380 Blood-colored Woodpecker Veniliornis sanguineus 381 Red-rumped Woodpecker Veniliornis kirkii 382 Golden-collared Woodpecker Veniliornis Cassini 383 Yellow-throated Woodpecker Piculus flavigula 384 Golden-green Woodpecker Piculus chrysochloros 385 Golden-olive Woodpecker Piculus rubiginosus 386 Spot-breasted Woodpecker Colaptes punctigula 387 388 389 390 391

Waved Woodpecker Celeus undatus Chestnut Woodpecker Celeus elegans Cream-colored Woodpecker Celeus flavus Ringed Woodpecker Celeus torquatus Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus

392 Red-necked Woodpecker Campephilus rubricollis 393 Crimson-crested Woodpecker Campephilus melanoleucos Ovenbirds Furnariidae 394 Pale-legged Hornero Furnarius leucopus 395 Pale-breasted Spinetail Synallaxis albescens 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417

Ruddy Spinetail Synallaxis rutilans McConnell's Spinetail Synallaxis macconnelli Plain-crowned Spinetail Synallaxis gujanensis Hoary-throated Spinetail Synallaxis kollari Rusty-backed Spinetail Cranioleuca vulpina * Tepui Spinetail Cranioleuca demissa Yellow-chinned Spinetail Certhiaxis cinnamomeus Roraiman Barbtail Roraimia adusta Point-tailed Palmcreeper Berlepschia rikeri Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner Philydor ruficaudatum Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor erythrocercum Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner Philydor pyrrhodes Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus ochrolaemus Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner Automolus infuscatus White-throated Foliage-gleaner Automolus roraimae Ruddy Foliage-gleaner Automolus rubiginosus Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner Automolus rufipileatus Tawny-throated Leaftosser Sclerurus mexicanus Short-billed Leaftosser Sclerurus rufigularis Black-tailed Leaftosser Sclerurus caudacutus Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper Lochmias nematura Rufous-tailed Xenops Xenops milleri

18

HABITAT EN/MI ABU Rl, SC LF, MN, HU MF LF LF

R GUI

R

GUI

U R R

LF

U

MRLF

R

Rl, MN, SC LF LF LF LF

R R R R U

LF, SC, HU

R

LF, MF

R

LRHU

R

Rl, SC

R

SV, HU, SC LF LR MF SC, HU Rl, SC Rl, SC MF FW, SC MF PA

R

GUI GUI

U SL R RL ?

TER TER

R C R R

LR MR

U

LR MR

R

LR

U

LR

R

LR

R

MR MR LR

TER

U U

Rl, LR

R

LR MR LR LRMR MRRI LR

U U

u UL S


V ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437

HABFTAT EN/MI ABU

LF Slender-billed Xenops Xenops tenuirostris Plain Xenops Xenops minutus LF Plain-brown Woodcreeper Dendrocincia fuliginosa LF LF White-chinned Woodcreeper Dendrocincia merula Long-tailed Woodcreeper Deconychura iongicauda LF Spot-throated Woodcreeper LF Deconyctiura stictoiaema Olivaceous Woodcreeper Sittasomus griseicapilius LRSC Wedge-billed Woodcreeper LR MF Giypiiorynciius spirurus Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper RI, LF Dendrexetastes rufiguia Red-billed Woodcreeper Hylexetastes perrotii LF Strong-billed Woodcreeper LRMF Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynctius Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper LF Dendrocoiaptes certhia Black-banded Woodcreeper LR MR Dendrocoiaptes picumnus Straight-billed Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus picus MN, RL SC Striped Woodcreeper Xiphorhynchus obsoletus LRRI Chestnut-rumped Woodcreeper LRMP Xiphorhynchus pardalotus Buff-throated Woodcreeper LR Xiphorhynchus guttatus Streak-headed Woodcreeper Rl, SC Lepidocolaptes souleyetii Lineated Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes albolineatus LR Curve-billed Scythebill LR Campylorhamphus procurvoides

Typical Antbirds Thamnophilidae 438 Fasciated Antshrike Cymbilaimus lineatus 439 Black-throated Antshrike Frederickena viridis 440 Great Antshrike Taraba major 441 Black-crested Antshrike Saiâ&#x20AC;˘sphorus canadensis 442 Band-tailed Antshrike Sal<esphorus melanothorax 443 Barred Antshrike Thamnophilus doliatus 444 Mouse-colored Antshrike Thamnophilus murinus 445 Northern Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus punctatus 446 Amazonian Antshrike Thamnophilus amazonicus 447 Streaked-backed Antshrike Thamnophilus insiqnis 448 Plain Antvireo Dysithamnus mentalis 449 Dusky-throated Antshrike Thamnomanes ardesiacus 450 Cinereous Antshrike Thamnomanes caesius 451 Spot-winged Antshrike Pygiptila stellaris 452 Brown-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula gutturalis 453 Pygmy Antwren Myrmotherula brachyura 454 Guianan Streaked-Antwren Myrmotherula surinamensis 455 Rufous-bellied Antwren Myrmotherula guttata 456 White-flanked Antwren Myrmotherula axillaris 457 Long-winged Antwren Myrmotherula longipennis

19

LR LR HU.SC SC, MN LRRI HU,SC LR LRSC LRRI MRSC MF

S F F U U

u UL F UL U U F U F F F F UL F U

GUI

GUI

TEP

F U F F SL F F F F U U

LF

F

LF LF LF LRRI

F U F F

GUI

F

Rl, LF LF LRSC LR

GUI

F F F


y I ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469

Plain-winged Antwren Myrmotherula behni Gray Antwren Myrmotherula menetriesii Spot-tailed Antwren Herpsilochmus sticturus Todd's Antwren Herpsilochmus stictocephalus Roraiman Antwren Herpsilochmus roraimae Rufous-winged Antwren Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus Dot-winged Antwren Microrhopias quixensis White-fringed Antwren Formicívora grísea Rufous-rumped Antwren Terenura callinota Ash-winged Antwren Terenura spodioptila Gray Antbird Cercomacra cinerascens Dusky Antbird Cercomacra tyrannina

470 471 472 473

Willis's Antbird Cercomacra laeta Blackish Antbird Cercomacra nigrescens Rio Branco Antbird Cercomacra carbonería White-browed Antbird Myrmoborus leucophrys

474 Warbling Antbird Hypocnemis cantator 475 Black-Chinned Antbird Hypocnemoides melanopogon 476 Silvered Antbird Sclateria naevia 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487

MF LF LF LF MF

Wing-banded Antbird Myrmornis torquata White-plumed Antbird Pithys albifrons Rufous-throated Antbird Gymnopithys rufigula Spot-backed Antbird Hylophylax naevius Scale-backed Antbird Hylophylax poecilinotus

AMN GUI TEP

F F F F F

LF, MF

FL

LF SC, Rl MF LF LF

U F SL F F

LF, SC, HU SC Rl, LF Rl

FL UL UL

F

GUI

LF, Rl, HU LF

F

LF, Rl

F

Rl, FW, LF Black-headed Antbird Percnostola rufifrons LF Spot-winged Antbird Schistocichia leucostigma LF, MF Roraiman Antbird Schistocichia saturate MF, Rl White-bellied Antbird Myrmeciza longipes LF, SC LF Ferruginous-backed Antbird Myrmeciza ferruqinea Black-throated Antbird Myrmeciza atrothorax LF, SC, HU

Ground Antbirds 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU|

LF LF LF LF LF

F

F AMN TEP

F F F F F F

GUI

U F F F F

Formicariidae

Rufous-capped Antthrush Formicarius colma Black-faced Antthrush Formicarius analis Short-tailed Antthrush Chamaeza campanisona Variegated Antpitta Grallaria varia Scaled Antpitta Grallaría guatimalensis Spotted Antpitta Hylopezus macularius Thrush-like Antpitta Myrmothera campanisona Tepui Antpitta Myrmothera simplex Slate-crowned Antpitta Grallaricula nana

LF LF MF LF, MF MF LF LF MF MF

TEP

F F S U F U F F U

Gnateaters Conopophagidae |497 Chestnut-belted Gnateater Conopophaga aurita Tyrant Flycatchers 498 499 500 501

Tyrannidae

Sooty-headed Tyrannulet Phyllomyias griseiceps Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet Tyrannulus elatus Forest Elaenia Myiopagis gaimardii Gray Elaenia Myiopagis caniceps

20

LF LF, SC LF LF

UL F F SL


^ ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510

Yellow-crowned Elaenia Myiopagis flavivertex Greenish Elaenia Myiopagis viridicata Yellow-bellied Elaenia Elaenia flavogaster Small-billed Elaenia Elaenia parvirostris Plain-crested Elaenia Elaenia cristata Lesser Elaenia Elaenia chiriquensis Rufous-crowned Elaenia Elaenia ruficeps Sierran Elaenia Elaenia pallatangae White-lored Tyrannulet Ornithion inerme

HABnAT EN/MI ABU Rl, LF SC SC, HU SC, LF SV, SC SV, SC SC MF

F F AUS

U F

LF, RL SC 511 Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet SC, LF Camptostoma obsoletum 512 Mouse-colored Tyrannulet Phaeomyias murina SC 513 Yellow Tyrannulet Capsiempis flaveola LF, SC 514 Bearded Tachuri Polystictus pectoralis SV 515 Crested Doradito Pseudocolopteryx sclateri FW AUS? 516 Ringed Antpipit Corythopis torquatus LF 517 Slender-footed Tyrannulet Zimmerius gracilipes LF 518 Chapman's Bristle-Tyrant Phylloscartes chapmani MF TEP 519 Olive-green Tyrannulet Phylloscartes virescens LF GUI 520 Black-fronted Tyrannulet Phylloscartes nigrifrons MF TEP 521 Ochre-bellied Flycatcher Mionectes oleaginous LF 522 McConnell's Flycatcher Mionectes macconnelli LF, MF 523 Sepia-capped Flycatcher LF, MF Leptopogon amaurocephalus 524 Northern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus arenarum MN,SC 525 Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus obscurior LF, SC 526 Southern Scrub-Flycatcher Sublegatus modestus SV 527 Pale-tipped Tyrannulet /nez/a caudata SC, MN, Rl 528 Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant Myiornis ecaudatus 529 Double-banded Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus vitiosus 530 Helmeted Pygmy-Tyrant Lophotriccus galeatus 531 Pale-eyed Pygmy-Tyrant Atalotriccus pilaris 532 Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant HemitriccusJosephinae 533 White-eyed Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus zosterops 534 Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer 535 Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus russatus 536 Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher Poecilotriccus sylvia 537 Spotted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum maculatum 538 539 540 541 542

F F F SL U ?

U F F S U F F U F U F F

LF

F

LF

F

LF, MF SC LF LF

F F SL F

GUI

F

SC MF, SC

TEP

U

SC

F

MN,SC, Rl

C

Common Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum cinereum SC, HU LF Painted Tody-Flycatcher Todirostrum pictum Olivaceous Flatbill Rhynchocyclus olivaceus LF Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tolmomyias sulphurescens LF Yellow-margined Flycatcher LF Tolmomyias assimilis 543 Gray-crowned Flycatcher LF Tolmomyias poliocephalus 544 Yellow-breasted Flycatcher SC, MN Tolmomyias flaviventris 545 Cinnamon-crested Spadebill LF Platyrinchus saturatus

21

C U F F

GUI

F F U F F F F U


^ ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME

HABITAT EN/MI ABU

546 White-throated Spadebill MF Platyrinchus mystaceus 547 Golden-crowned Spadebill LF Platyrinchus coronatus 548 White-crested Spadebill LF Platyrinchus platyrhynchos 549 Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus coronatus LF 550 Roraiman Flycatcher Myiophobus roraimae MR se 551 Bran-colored Flycatcher Myiophobus fasciatus se 552 Sulphur-rumped Flycatcher Myiobius barbatus LF 553 Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher Terenotriccus erythrurus LF 554 Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant Neopipo cinnamomea LF 555 Cliff Flycatcher l-lirundinea ferruginea MF 556 Euler's Flycatcher Lathrotriccus euleri LF 557 Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus LRSe 558 Olive-Sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi MRLF NBA 559 Smoke-colored Pewee Contopus fumigatus MF 560 Tropical Pewee Contopus cinereus LF 561 Blackish Pewee Contopus nigrescens MF 562 Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus SV SO AUS? 563 Amazonian Black-Tyrant Knipolegus poecilocercus RI 564 Rufous-tailed Tyrant Knipolegus poecilurus MR se 565 Drab Water-Tyrant Ochthornis littoralis RI 566 Pied Water-Tyrant Fluvicola pica RW 567 White-headed Marsh-Tyrant RW Arundinicola leucocephala 568 Long-tailed Tyrant Colonia colonus LR MR 569 Piratic Flycatcher Legatus leucophaius AUS LRHU 570 Rusty-margined Flycatcher Hu, se, Myiozetetes cayanensis RI 571 Dusky-chested Flycatcher Myiozetetes luteiventris LRRI 572 Great Kiskadee Pitangus sulphuratus HU, se, MN 573 Lesser Kiskadee Philohydor lictor RW, Rl 574 Yellow-throated Flycatcher Conopias parvus LR AMN 575 Streaked Flycatcher Myiodynastes maculatus LR AUS 576 Boat-billed Flycatcher Megarynchus pitangua LRRI 577 Sulphury Flycatcher Tyrannopsis sulphurea PA 578 Variegated Flycatcher Empidonomus varius LRSe AUS 579 Crowned Slaty Flycatcher SCSV AUS Empidonomus aurantioatrocristatus SV, Rl AUS? 580 White-throated Kingbird Tyrannus albogularis 581 Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus se, HU, AUS SV 582 Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana SV HU, AUS

se

583 Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

se, HU, LR

584 Gray Kingbird Tyrannus dominicensis

HU, se, MN LR

585 586 587 588 589 590

Grayish Mourner Rhytipterna simplex Pale-bellied Mourner Rhytipterna immunda Sirystes Sirystes sibilator Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer Swainson's Flycatcher Myiarchus swainsoni Short-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus ferox

22

U U U R S R R U UL UL U S U S RL R UL UL CL R R R R C S

c R R U R R R S U

c c

NBA

s

NBA

R

se LR MR LR LRRI LRSe

U

AUS

R SL S U U R


^ I ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 591 Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus 592 Large-headed Flatbill Ramphotrigon megacephalum 593 Rufous-tailed Flatbill Ramphotrigon ruficauda 594 Cinnamon Attila Attila cinnamomeus 595 Bright-rumped Attila Attila spadiceus

iHABnAlJEN/MllABul se, RI, MN

F

LF

S

LF

U

LR SC, Rl LR MR

U

F

Sharpbill Oxyruncidae 1596 Sharpbill Oxyruncus cristatus Cotingas 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612

Cotingidae

Red-banded Fruiteater Pipreola whiteiyi Guianan Cock-of-the-Rock Rupicola rupicola Guianan Red-Cotinga Phoenicircus camifex Purple-breasted Cotinga Cotinga catinga Spangled Cotinga Cotinga cayana White Bellbird Procnias albus Bearded Bellbird Procnias averano Screaming Piha Lipaugus vociferans Rose-collared Piha Lipaugus streptophorus Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea Bare-necked Fruitcrow Gymnoderus foetidus Purple-throated Fruitcrow Querula purpurata Crimson Fruitcrow Haematoderus militaris Red-ruffed Fruitcrow Pyroderus scutatus Capuchinbird Perissocephalus tricolor Amazonian Umbrellabird Cephalopterus ornatus

Manakins

TEP AMN

TEP

AMN

C F F U U U FL C S U U F S ? F S

Pipridae

613 Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma pallescens 614 Saffron-crested Tyrant-Manakin Neopelma chrysocephalum 615 Tiny Tyrant-Manakin Tyranneutes virescens 616 White-throated Manakin Corapipo gutturalis 617 Striped Manakin Machaeropterus regulus 618 White-fronted Manakin Lepidothrix serena 619 Orange-bellied Manakin Lepidothrix suavissima 620 White-bearded Manakin Manacus manacus 621 622 623 624 625 626 627

MF MR LR LR LR LR MRLR MF LF MF LF RL LF LF LF 7 LF LF

Blue-backed Manakin Chiroxiphia pare贸la Olive Manakin Xenopipo uniformis Black Manakin Xenopipo atronitens White-crowned Manakin Pipra pipra Crimson-hooded Manakin Pipra aureola Scarlet-horned Manakin Pipra cornuta Golden-headed Manakin Pipra erythrocephala

SC

U

SC, LF

AMN

F

LF MR LR LRMR LRMR LR MR

GUI GUI

F F

RL LR SC SC, LR MF SC LRMR LR MF LF

?

GUI TEP

F F F

TEP

TEP

C S F F U F F

INCERTAE SEDIS 628 629 630 631 632

Black-crowned Tityra Tityra inquisitor Black-tailed Tityra Tityra cayana Thrush-like Schiffornis Schiffornis turdina Cinereous Mourner Laniocera hypopyrra Dusky Purpletuft lodopleura fusca

23

LF LF LR MR LR LR

GUI

UL U F U U


y I ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640

Whlte-naped Xenopsaris Xenopsaris albinucha Green-backed Becard Pachyramphus viridis * Cinereous Becard Pachyramphus rufus White-winged Becard Pachyramphus polychopterus Black-capped Becard Pachyramphus marginatus Glossy-backed Becard Pachyramphus surinamus Pink-throated Becard Pachyramphus minor Wing-barred Piprites Piprites chloris

Víreos

s

MF se, LF

?

LRSC

F

LF LF LF LF

F SL F F

se, RL MF LF MF LF LRMN LF se, MN MF LRMF LF

F

LF LF

FW RL FW SV, SC, Rl

655 Purple Martin Progne subis

SC, HU, Rl SC, HU HU,SC SC, HU Rl Rl MRLF SV FW, Rl, SC

656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663

[Caribbean Martin Progne dominicensis] * Gray-breasted Martin Progne chalybea Blue-and-white Swallow Pygochelidon cyanoleuca White-banded Swallow Atticora fasciata Black-collared Swallow Atticora melanoleuca White-thighed Swallow Neochelidon tibialis Tawny-headed Swallow Alopochelidon fucata Southern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx ruficollis 664 Bank Swallow Riparia riparia 665 Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 666 [Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota]

667 668 669 670 671 672

NEA NEA

TEP

F F U F C F F F

GUI

?L F

Hirundinidae

652 Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor * 653 White-winged Swallow Tachycineta albiventer 654 Brown-chested Martin Progne tapera

Wrens

F

Corvidae

650 Violaceous Jay Cyanocorax violaceus * 651 Cayenne Jay Cyanocorax cayanus

Swallows

svsc

Vireonidae

641 Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis 642 Slaty-capped Shrlke-Vlreo Vireolanius leucotis 643 Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus 644 Black-whiskered Vireo Vireo aitiloquus 645 Lemon-chested Greenlet l-lyiophiius thoracicus 646 Ashy-headed Greenlet l-iyiophilus pectoraiis 647 Tepui Greenlet l-iyiophilus sclateri 648 Buff-cheeked Greenlet l-lylophilus muscicapinus 649 Tawny-crowned Greenlet Hylophilus ochraceiceps

Jays

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU|

NEA

? C

AUS

F

NEA

S

NEA

? C

AUS

u c FL UL F C

SV HU, FW

NEA

F

SV, HU, SC HU, FW

NEA

C

NEA

?

MF LF SC, HU MF SV SC, PA

TEP

F U C U

Troglodytidae

Flutist Wren Microcerculus ustulatus Wing-banded Wren Microcerculus bambla House Wren Troglodytes aedon Tepui Wren Troglodytes rufulus Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis Bicolored Wren Campylorhynchus grisous

24

TEP

s F


I ^ I ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 673 Coraya Wren Thryothorus coraya 674 Buff-breasted Wren Thryothorus leucotis 675 White-breasted Wood-Wren Henicorhina leucosticta 676 Musician Wren Cyphorhinus arada Gnatwrens, Gnatcatchers Polioptilidae 677 Collared Gnatwren Microbates collaris 678 Long-billed Gnatwren Ramphocaenus melanurus 679 Tropical Gnatcatcher Polioptila plĂşmbea 680 Guianan Gnatcatcher Polioptila guianensis INCERTAE SEDIS 681 Black-capped Donacobius Donacobius atricapiilus Thrushes Turdidae 682 Veery Catharus fuscescens 683 Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus 684 Rufous-brown Solitaire Cichiopsis leucogenys 685 Yellow-legged Thrush Turdus flavipes 686 Pale-eyed Thrush Turdus ieucops 687 Black-hooded Thrush Turdus olivater 688 Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas 689 Black-billed Thrush Turdus ignobiiis

IHABFTATIEN/MIIABUI

LF

F

LF, Rl, sc

F

LR MF

F

LF

F

LRMF

AMN

F

sc, LF LF

F U

FW

F

LF LF MF MF MF MF HU, se LF, MF,

NEA NEA

se 690 Cocoa Thrush Turdus fumigatus 691 Bare-eyed Robin Turdus nudigenis 692 White-necked Robin Turdus albicollis

LF SC, MU LF MF

Mockingbirds Mimidae 1693 Tropical Mockingbird Mimus gilvus

SC, MU

Pipits Motacillidae 1694 Yellowish Pipit Anthus lutescens

SV, HU

Tanagers Thraupidae 695 Black-faced Tanager Schistochiamys melanopis 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708

Magpie Tanager Cissopis ieveriana Red-billed Pied Tanager Lamprospiza meianoleuca Hooded Tanager Nemosia piieata Gray-headed Tanager Eucometis peniciilata Flame-crested Tanager Tachyphonus cristatus Fulvous-crested Tanager Tachyphonus surinamus White-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus iuctuosus White-lined Tanager Tachyphonus rufus Red-shouldered Tanager Tachyphonus phoenicius Fulvous Shrike-Tanager Lanio fuivus Silver-beaked Tanager Ramphocelus carbo Blue-gray Tanager Thraupis episcopus Palm Tanager Thraupis paimarum

25

U

LF

SV, sc, FW LRHU LF SC LF LF LF LF SC, HU SC, SV LF AMN SC, HU SC, HU SC, HU, PA

S S U S ?

F C CL F F F

U UL U F S F F U F F U C C

c


^1 ENGLISH NAME - SCIENTIFIC NAME 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717

Blue-backed Tanager Cyanicterus cyanicterus Turquoise Tanager Tangara mexicana Paradise Tanager Tangara chilensis Yellow-bellied Tanager Tangara xanthogastra Spotted Tanager Tangara punctata Speckled Tanager Tangara guttata Dotted Tanager Tangara varia Bay-headed Tanager Tangara gyrola Burnished-buff Tanager Tangara cayana

718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732

Masked Tanager Tangara nigrocincta * Black-lieaded Tanager Tangara cyanoptera Opal-rumped Tanager Tangara velia Swallow-Tanager Tersina viridis Black-faced Dacnis Dacnis lineata Blue Dacnis Dacnis cayana Short-billed Honeycreeper Cyanerpes nitidus Purple Honeycreeper Cyanerpes caeruleus Red-legged Honeycreeper Cyanerpes cyaneus Green Honeycreeper Chlorophanes spiza Guira Tanager l-lemithraupis guira Yellow-backed Tanager l-iemittiraupis flavicollis Chestnut-vented Conebill Conirostrum speciosum Bicolored Conebill Conirostrum bicolor Greater Flowerpiercer Digiossa major

|HABITAT|EN/MI|ABU| LF LF, HU LF, MF MF LF, MF MF MF MR LF se, SV HU LF MF, se LF LF, RI LR MF LRSe LF LRMF LF LF LF LF se, LF MN MF

GUI

U F F F F UL S F

e ?

F F F U

e s F F

e

TER

F F F F F

INCERTAE SEDIS 733 Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava 734 735 736 737 738

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivácea] * White-winged Tanager Piranga leucoptera Olive-backed Tanager Mitrospingus oleaginous Bananaquit Coereba flaveola

739 Sooty Grassquit Tiaris fuliginosus

Emberizine Finches 740 741 742 743 744 745

sv se, MF LRMR LR MR se MR

U NEA NEA TER

S S S R

LR se, HU MR se

e

se, HU SV, HU SVHU se, HU SVHU

RL

?

Emberizidae

Rufous-collared Sparrow Zonotrichia capensis Grassland Sparrow Ammodramus humeralis Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch Sicalis citrina Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola Grassland Yellow-Finch Sicalis luteola Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch Emberizoides herbicola

e UL ?

R

sv se,

R

RW 746 Blue-black Grassquit Volatinia¡acariña

HU, RW,

747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754

LRRI SV, se SV se, HU

e

se Slate-colored Seedeater Sporophila schistacea Gray Seedeater Sporophila intermedia Plumbeous Seedeater Sporophila plúmbea Wing-barred Seedeater Sporophila americana Lesson's Seedeater Sporophila bouvronides Lined Seedeater Sporophila lineóla Yellow-bellied Seedeater Sporophila nigricollis Ruddy-breasted Seedeater Sporophila minuta

26

se se se, HU se, RW, HU

AUS

eL R R R U U eL

c


y I ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME 755 Chestnut-bellied Seedeater Sporophila castaneiventris 756 Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch Oryzoborus angolensis 757 Large-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus crassirostris 758 Great-billed Seed-Finch Oryzoborus maximiliani 759 White-naped Seedeater Dolospingus fringilloides 760 [Paramo Seedeater Catamenia homochroa] 761 Pectoral Sparrow Arremon taciturnus 762 Tepui Brush-Finch Atlapetes personatus 763 Red-crested Finch Coryphospingus cucullatus * 764 Red-capped Cardinal Paroaria gularis

HABFTAllEN/MI ABU se, Hu

F

se, Hu,

F

LF

Fw, se Fw, se se, SV SV, se LF MR se

TT4 775 776 777

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea] Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca] American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786

Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea Northern Waterthrush Seiurus noveboracensis Masked Yellowthroat Geothlypis aequinoctialis S late-throated Redstart Myioborus miniatus Tepui Redstart Myioborus castaneocapillus Two-banded Warbler Basileuterus bivittatus Golden-crowned Warbler Basileuterus culicivorus Flavescent Warbler Basileuterus flaveolus Riverbank Warbler Phaeothlypis rivularis

?

AMN

FL

eL TER

F U

se

?

RI, se

e

Grosbeaks, Saltators Cardinalidae LF 765 Yellow-green Grosbeak Caryothraustes canadensis 766 Red-and-black Grosbeak LF Periporphyrus erythromelas 767 Slate-colored Grosbeak Saltator grossus LF 768 Buff-throated Saltator Saltator maximus se, LF 769 Grayish Saltator Saltator coerulescens se, HU 770 Blue-black Grosbeak Cyanocompsa cyanoides LF 771 Dickcissel Spiza americana HU, SV Wood Warblers Parulidae 772 Tropical Parula Parula pitiayumi 773 Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia

U

MRLP MN, se, HU

F U

NEA

F F F F ?

U NEA

P

LP LP MF

NEA NEA NEA

U S S

LR MR MN MN MN

NEA

U

NEA NEA

s e p p p p UL PL P

pw, se MP MR se MR se MR LP se LRRI

TER

INCERTAE SEDIS 1787 Rose-breasted Chat Granatellus peizeini New World Blackbirds Icteridae 788 Green Oropéndola Psarocolius viridis 789 Crested Oropéndola Psarocolius decumanus 790 Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela 791 Red-rumped Cacique Cacicus haemorrhous 792 Troupial Icterus icterus 793 Epaulet Oriole Icterus cayanensis 794 Yellow Oriole Icterus nigrogularis

27

LR MP LP

e e

Rl, LR HU LP

e

se, SV se, PA, HU se, HU, MN

p

e p p


y I ENGLISH NAME • SCIENTIFIC NAME 795 Golden-tufted Grackle Macroagelaius imthumi 796 Velvet-fronted Grackle Lampropsar tanagrinus 797 Yellow-hooded Blackbird Chrysomus icterocephalus 798 Giant Cowbird Molothrus oryzivorus 799 Shiny Cowbird Molothrus bonariensis 800 Carib Grackle Quiscalus lugubris 801 Red-breasted Blackbird Sturnella militaris 802 Eastern Meadowlark Sturnella magna 803 Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus

HABITAllEN/MI ABU MF LF, MN FW

C

c

SC, HU, MN

c

HU, FW, SV SV, HU

c

HU, FW, SV

SC, SV SC, SV

807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814

LRMF LF, SC LF, HU LF, Rl LF MF, LF LF MF

28

F U C

LF, SC, HU SC, HU

Cardueline Finches Fringillidae 804 Red Siskin Carduelis cucullata 805 Hooded Siskin Carduelis magellanica 806 Plumbeous Euphonia Euphonia plúmbea Purple-throated Euphonia Euphonia chlorotica Finsch's Euphonia Euphonia finschi Violaceous Euphonia Euphonia violácea Golden-bellied Euphonia Euphonia chrysopasta White-vented Euphonia Euphonia minuta Orange-bellied Euphonia Euphonia xanthogaster Golden-sided Euphonia Euphonia cayennensis Blue-naped Chlorophonia Chlorophonia cyanea

TEP

NEA

c s

GUI

CL SL

LF, SC, MF

U

GUI

U F F F F F F U


NOTES

29


NOTES

30


NOTES

31


V J

z

\r8

-fH'

to' •7

I

I Lowland Forest (LF)

I

I Montane Forest (MF)

I

n Savanna (SV)

I

I Mangrove (MN)

I

I Human impacted (HU)

~"'^ V"""•'


If found, return to:

A Field Checklist of the Birds of Guyana, 2nd ed.  

A printable checklist of the birds of Guyana. Braun, M.J., D. W. Finch, M. B. Robbins and B. K. Schmidt

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