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msc 1 studio RESET /RESTORE student work fall 2011 Chair of

architecture & dwelling

w w w. dw e l l i n g . n l


COlofon TU Delft Chair of Architecture & Dwelling www.dwelling.nl General Coordinator MSc 1/2 Pierijn van der Putt p.s.vanderputt@tudelft.nl Tutor and Studio Coordinator Reset/Restore Olv Klijn o.klijn@tudelft.nl Guest Teacher Caro van de Venne Building Technology Teacher Hans Karsen Visiting Critics Dick van Gameren Oana Rades Graphic Design Robbert Guis All images by dwelling students


R e s e t / R e s to r e MSc 1 / 2 s t u d i o The design studio Reset/Restore investigates new possibilities for a quintessential relic of post-war housing in the Netherlands: the Bijlmerflat Kleiburg. Every large European city exhibits examples of large scale post-war housing estates. Many of these have been designed according to then-prevalent modern visions of the housing neighborhood of the future. Living, working, leisure and traffic were often radically separated. As a result, huge structures for dwelling and infrastructure are situated within large scale green areas or leisurescapes. Now more then 50 years old, many of these estates suffer immense problems. Not only are the buildings technically defunct, also the needs of the inhabitants have changed drastically. Many projects are awaiting the wrecking ball. However, from the viewpoint of cultural history, society and even sustainability, demolition is problematic. When housing corporation Rochdale announced it would demolish Kleiburg, several institutions protested strongly. It was argued that the building is an important part of the cityscape and that it is to be valued as a symbol of its underlying social ideals. On the other hand, it would cost Rochdale millions to reuse Kleiburg, money it could invest more safely somewhere else. Reset/Restore sets out to develop new strategies that reach further than renovation of what is already there, or consolidation from a purely cultural vantage point. By making use of the existing building, new possibilities for this mastodon will be extensively explored.


Jon Garbizu Mathijs de kraker maartje meijs T he bijlmer burger


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The third level is the enclave. In some areas the high rises interacts with the low rises that surrounds the bijlmer area. This creates urban enclaves protected by the high rise and which create a filter between the urban and the green areas,

The last part would be the green park. We understand the park as a virgin and wild green area that should be used for leisure and green energy production. we erase most of the original paths in the park and just create a network of straight paths for pedestrians and bicycles. And we create a system of leisure facilities underneath the metroline connected by a walkway.

We can then say that the general idea is how the high rises (Kleiburg in our case) answers to their context. We contextualize the high rise. Not only interacting with the surroundings but also generating different ways of living. From the most urban and active apartment or student house to the most self sustainable, natural and experimental way of living in the park.


There may be various ways of improving the Bijlmermeer. It is a fact that it does not work as it was expected. It may be the monotonous and massive concrete buildings, the huge and unequiped green areas, the lack of facilities... We first tried to understand How the area works in urban ways. We just realized that the Bijlmer does not work as it was intended first. It has no more the sistemacity that had in his origin. Nowadays it has 'context'; in some ways the alterations that had been done during the last 30 years have improved the potencial of the original High rise. The Bijlmer is not anymore high rise in the park. Then we analized the potencial of the horizontal main streets on both sides of the Area. In this streets is focused most of the activity of the neighbourhood (Shopping center, metro stations, religious buildings, markets...) So we can say that the High rises in some ways are hanging from this streets. Then a logical idea would be to densify this streets. Give more people and more activity to this areas. By densifying the areas close to the street we also define a diference in the homogenous green space. The spaces close to the street are nomore green areas but activity spaces where you can find different facilities. Then, the green area gets condensed, contracted. It is also logical that if we densify the border of this green areas the are more likely to work better. So we can state that the global idea is a logical secuence from the most urban and densify street to the most wild and free green park. This secuence can be divided in 4 different levels. The first level would be the urban street. We build new medium rise buildings Which not only provides us more density but shops and local

business spots, integrated car park underneath these buildings and more close and active urban spaces (street). The second level would be the square. Is usually the big squares next to the street. We place there the main facilities like theatres, daycare center, communitary centers... This is also an interaction point for the people living in the high rise. The third level is the enclave. In some areas the high rises interacts with the low rises that surrounds the bijlmer area. This creates urban enclaves protected by the high rise and which create a filter between the urban and the green areas, The last part would be the green park. We understand the park as a virgin and wild green area that should be used for leisure and green energy production. we erase most of the original paths in the park and just create a network of straight paths for pedestrians and bicycles. And we create a system of leisure facilities underneath the metroline connected by a walkway. We can then say that the general idea is how the high rises (Kleiburg in our case) answers to their context. We contextualize the high rise. Not only interacting with the surroundings but also generating different ways of living. From the most urban and active apartment or student house to the most self sustainable, natural and experimental way of living in the park.


new typologies


intervention the b al cony


intervention the gallery


pietro pizzi robbert guis davey van giesen honey, i am home


e

problems D e m o l i s h i n g urb an structure

original stru cture is demolished

no clear boundaries / chaos

unre c ognizable public park

no c lear c onnections

By demolishing all the other flats, it has also been demolished the structure of the designed urban space. The remaining buildings of the Bijlmer Museum are just a sad fragment of the originary plan

U n d e f i n e d p ubli c s pace We assist to a toal lack of identity of the public space, no functions are recognizable for the potential usersl the space itself, in it’s extreme vagueness, doesn’t allow it.

U n r e c o g n i z able s t r ee t The street, in all it’s identities, paradigma of the public, of the random encounter, is missing in the Bijlmer Museum. The maze of paths and pathways in the green, the flatness of the corridors enhance the feeling of isolation

corridors don’t feel like a street


In s i d e / o u t s i de conne ctions

monotone fac ade, lack of usable spac e

a bad connection between the inside and outside (balconies and corridors) of the living space doesn’t connect properly the dweller with the outer space. The dweller doesn’t feel like he is part of a sysytem, he is not involved

Wo r n o u t typologies

non flexible dwelling standard

The aged typologies cannot work anymore. They had been designed for a certain type of people that never existed, they cannot support the needs of a modern city dweller, these are not flexible types

h u m a n to h uman Little interaction between different group types derives also from the lack of proper collective functions and spaces. Different cultures have troubles to activate a shared way of living thus the lack of communication

empty shell


masterplan Lo cked tr e e s The biggest quality of living in the bijlmer are the amazing trees. By keeping them as a monument, the natural sense of the bijlmer will be exist. It has to be like living in the wood

urb an en cl av e S The demolished structure of the original bijlmer has to be restored. The scale of all the public spaces and the lack of identity will be saved by urban enclaves. Each enclaves can have there own program and activities.

NEW C ONNECTIONS The lack of recognizable streets and pathways is one of the biggest problem in the Bijlmer. Straight paths to specific destinations will bring more clarity. The new pathways will also connect the different parts of the bijlmermuseum, which are now like islands in the sea


urb an en clave


entran ces


paul mulder dominika linowska suzanne weeda reboot/res c ale


masterplan N N

1:2000 SITE PLAN, NEIGHBOURHOOD DIVISIONS 1:2000 SITE PLAN, NEIGHBOURHOOD DIVISIONS

Self-sufficient neighborh Accessible Bijlmer museum

Self-sufficient neighborhoods

Self-sufficient neighborhoo

Public functions

Accessible Bijlmer museum

Public functions

Green axis

Streetpatern Karspeldreef Self-sufficient neighborhoods

Green axis

3 neighbourhoods Open plinth 3 neighbourhoods

Connecting roads Permeable Connecting roads

Extending building Extending building

Permeable

Open plinth Open plinth Permeable groundfloor

Permeable

Elevated green

live s Permeable

Permeable groundfloor

Elevated green

Layers

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urb an plan N

1:2000 SITE PLAN, NEIGHBOURHOOD DIVISIONS

Self-sufficient ne Accessible Bijlmer museum

3 neighbourhoods

Public functions

Connecting roads

Extending building

Open plinth

Permeable


0.00

B

school / daycare

0.00

0.00

storage

+600 +600

B +600

mini grocery office office fast food

insurance

0.00

+600

barber shop fruit + veggie

flower shop

+600

hair salon office

0.00

A

lunch diner

+600

0.00

cafe community center

0.00 +600 +600

+1200 +1800

storage

+600 bakery

A

office

print shop office

+600

C

C

drycleaners

0.00

+600 used bookshop

vintage clothing bank

convenience store

+600

pharmacy health clinic

0.00

+600

+600

+600

M

+600

1:500 SITUATIONAL PLAN

P

P

+600


+7

+6

+2

SECTION A-A 1:100

+7

+6

+2

SECTION B-B 1:100

+2

+2

SECTION C-C 1:100

DOMINIKA LINOWSKA

PAUL MULDER

SUZANNA WEEDA


C G

ȪɆɋȲȿȿȶ

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CROSS SECTION OF DWELLING 1:50 WITH INDICATION OF THE DETAILS

C WEEKDAY SCENARIO

12 m²

K

C 6 m²

CRO 1 m²

8 m²

3 m²

9 m²

1 m²

WEEKEND SCENARIO 5 m²

wooden facade element sliding door window frame 1:50 protective railing


Arthur eeuwi jk evert drui jf wing yung i want to live there too!


masterplan

Kleib neare


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What are their wishes? urb an plan

Basisvoorzieningen basic services within Basisvoorzieningen walking distance

Overige othervoorzieningen services Overige voorzieningen

green spaces Groen Groen

(restaurants, bars)

2 2

Uitstraling gebouwen divers character of Uitstraling gebouwen

surrounding buildings

Buitengarden/ ruimte Personal Buiten ruimte outdoor space

3 3

Bereikbaarheid good accessibility Bereikbaarheid

liveliness and Sfeer (ontmoetingsplek) Sfeer (ontmoetingsplek) encouter

5 5

Aantalnumber kamers of suitable Aantal kamers rooms

Woningdwellingsize oppervlakte desired Woning oppervlakte

Uitstraling gebouw

design of the building Uitstraling gebouw


Basisvoorzieningen basic services within Basisvoorzieningen walking distance

Overige othervoorzieningen services Overige voorzieningen

green spaces Groen Groen

(restaurants, bars)

2 2

Uitstraling gebouwen divers character of Uitstraling gebouwen

surrounding buildings

Buitengarden/ ruimte Personal Buiten ruimte outdoor space

3 3

Bereikbaarheid good accessibility Bereikbaarheid

liveliness and Sfeer (ontmoetingsplek) Sfeer (ontmoetingsplek) encouter

5 5

Aantalnumber kamers of suitable Aantal kamers rooms

Woningdwellingsize oppervlakte desired Woning oppervlakte

Uitstraling gebouw

design of the building Uitstraling gebouw


interventions


Interventions:

Interventions: GREENHOUSE

Interventions:

MIDDLE


signific ant dwelling

OUSE


HOUSE

Significant dwelling


climate

Climate:

Heat energie out of the warm air, will be stored in the aquifer

Windows for ventilation

heat exchanger

Natural ventilation

The sun will up the air

Sun shading, to prevent overheating

Window ventilatio

heat exchanger

Climate: SUMMER

of the warm air, he aquifer

Cold water can be used to cool the dwellings

COLD

Heat energie out of the warm air, will be stored in the aquifer

GREENHOUSE

atural ventilation

WARM AQUIFER

heat exchanger

Natural ventilation

The sun will heat up the air

Windows for ventilation

heat exchanger

WARM

WINTER

Warm water can be used to warm the dwellings

COLD

WARM AQUIFER

WINTER

Wa can to w dw


ELEVATION -

Scale 1:20

HORIZONTAL SECTION -

Scale 1:20


DWELLING STUDIO BIJLMER, FINAL PRESENTATION 13-01-2012

VERTICAL SECTION -

Scale 1:20


marc el klaver lily ronen myrthe van voskui jlen res c ale


masterplan


Situation 1:500

N


masterplan

Total dwelling count: Vertical access

Direct entrance from deck: 21 dwellings Upper levels (>+2): 148

Storage space

Entrances to upper levels

Entrance to semi-public level

Raised level for Parking + 3.00 m

6. Private domain

1. 6. 5.

3.

4. 5. Collective domain 2

2.

1. Park/ Public domain

2. Semi- Public domain

3. Semi- Collective domain

4. Collective domain 1

21

21

20

20 19

C

19

Diagrams


Existing structure: - Reusing Consoles - Removing Gallerys (Low F-value: survey done by Adviesburo Nieman BV)

Climate: Sun Shading:

Heating: - Radiator - convector

Natural ventilation:

Climate

21

Construction


URBAN interior


A

Section A-A’

A’


B’

Penthouses level 11-13

New ground level B

+3.00

1:100


interior


Chair of

architecture & dwelling

w w w. dw e l l i n g . n l


Bijlmer Reset/Restore Book  

Collection of student work, Studio Reset/Restore/ Master project of the Chair of Architecture and Dwelling, TUDelft.

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