GRAMMAR BOOK SECTION 2 PHRASES 2. Phrase a. Prepositional O ut the door, Around the world b. Appositive
1.) A musician, G uillermo, is gladly running around the giant stage. 2.) A guitarist, M arco, c ould amazingly play the part of geddy lee’s bass line in the song subdivisions by Rush. c. Verb al
i.) G erund 1.) Playing drums is like a natural drug caused by feeling the world stopped having problems and colors everywhere. 2.) Traveling around the world is one of the benefits of becoming a musician despite all the hours on a plane or bus.
ii.) Participle 1.) A drummer, a lways working with friendly crowds, has played under the rain even with the bad circumstances. 2.) He moved his legs quickly, d ragging his heels into the Iron Cobra double pedals. iii.) Infinitive 1.) To fly an airplane i s a dream of mine, so this is why being a musician is a goal. 2.) To record an album is a dream of mine since i was 11 years old. .
Phrases are groups of words that function as a part of speech. A. Prepositional: A group of words that begins with a preposition and e nds with a noun , and is used as an adjective or an adverb. Ex: Mr. Villagrana was amazingly w elcomed to the band . B. Apposition: A group of words that include all the words or phrases that modify an appositive. Ex: Guillermo, the new drummer, w orked diligently to achieve his musicianship goals.
C . Verbal : A group o f words that begin with a verbal and e nds with a noun. 1. Gerund word ending with “ing” used as a noun. 2. Participle word ending in “ing” or “ed” used as an adjective.
3. Infinitive v erb preceded by the word “to” (to go, to jump) used as noun, adjectives, or adverbs. See verb section for how these phrases are used.
GRAMMAR BOOK SECTION 3 CLAUSES 3. Clauses a. Independent b. Subordinate (7) i. Noun v. Nonessential ii. Adjective vi. Relative iii. adverb vii. Elliptical iv. Essential Clauses are groups Of words with subject and a verb. A.) INDEPENDENT Can stand alone as a complete sentence, know as a s imple sentence pattern. a. Capitol records require musicians to work really hard.
b. Capitol records expects quality musicianship and characteristics which requires musicians to work really hard. B.) SUBORDINATE (Dependent) CANNOT stand alone as a complete sentence and MUST b egin with a SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTION. 1.) Noun Clause: U sed as a noun in a sentence and may function as a subject, a predicate noun, a direct objective, an object of a preposition, an indirect object, or an appositive. a. Where he grew up creatively inspired him to becoming a musician.[SUBJECT] b. Gratefully give whoever texted me an answer and a descriptive answer back. [indirect obj.] c. That the drummer was excited when he open a box of new cymbals impatiently. [Subject] d. Jimi Hendrix creatively checked w hat he had for his last and final album . [Direct obj.] e. Enjoyably creating new drum beats is w hat Guillermo like the most. f. Redeem the free autograph with any musician you want before it gets dark. g. I hope that you still gladly keep the track from our recording at the studio today. [Appositive] 2. Adjective Clause: U sed to modify a noun in an independent clause. A.) Some adjective clauses begin with an introductory word:
a.) This band where they are considered absolutely amazing i s touring the world.(“where” is an introductory word) b.) There is the glow in the dark guitar th at I graciously needed for a gig. B.) Some adjective clauses begin with relative pronouns: a.) Emmanuel is a ppropriately the one w ho was voted the best bass player of his time . (ONE is the antecedent of WHO and changed by the adjective clause.) b.) There goes the artistic artist w hose is usually a talented singer and dancer . (ARTIST is the antecedent of whose and is modified by the adjective clause.) C. N OTE: The relative pronoun has two functions. It introduces the clause a nd it is used as a sentencepart within the clause. i. Are these the drums that you so crazly want in your collection? (that is the direct object of want) ii. Guillermo is the dude who played gracefully at his first world tour gig. (who is the direct object of played.) iii.The sheet music to w hich you desperately depend on had unfortunately been lost. (which is the object of the preposition to.) iv. William is a musician who drastically ignores all criticism of critics. ( who is the subject of ignores)
3. Adverbs Clauses : Used to m odify verbs, adjectives, and adverbs in an independent clause, introduced by a subordinating conjunction and used to indicate time, place, cause, purpose , results, condition, and/or concession. a. Modifying verbs: i. The record company unfortunately put the venues signs w here a few could see it. (place) ii. When the song was f inally ended , everyone cheered courageously with a burst of adrenaline. (time) iii. After a long exhausting day in the studio, we left s ince we were tired. (purpose) iv. Bravo’s jazz band leader talked as if he would passionately be in charge for the years to come. (condition) B. modifying adjectives : i. Today’s music test sadly felt twice a s long as is used to be last year. (how much) ii. Memo is amazing as his favorite and most discrete drummer of all time, Benny Greb . (to what extent)
C. M odifying adverbs : i. Memo always works harder than his ungrateful brother e ver since he stop caring drastically. (condition) ii. Even though Luis is older than memo, memo always ends up working more passionately than Luis. (condition) 4 . Relative Clauses : D ependent clause that begins with a r elative pronoun. a. The guitarist who finishes first at polishing their guitars will earn a indulgently piece of cake. b. The music students w ho finishes first w ill be able to graduate faster. 5.) Elliptical Clauses: Adverb clauses clauses in which part of the clause is omitted. a. While playing the congas , the musician keeps his tempo and keeps calm. b. While recording, Marco keeps his eye on his phone since his wife is gladly have a baby. 6.) Essential Clauses: Clauses necessary to the meaning of the sentence. a. The course t hat most interest Memo is clearly beginner Jazz compositions. b. The course t hat memo is most bombastic about i s a ppropriately Ja zz compositions and African drum rhythms. 7.) Nonessential Clauses: Clauses that are NOT necessary to the meaning of the sentence. a. Guillermo’s drum lessons, which began 30 minutes ago , ended and will start next week hopefully. b. Black Sabbath’s last tour, which started in 2015 , will come to an end in about a month.