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December 7, 2018


The Guilfordian

Guilford College


UILFORDIAN Quakers top nationally ranked Lynchburg Guilford College | December 7, 2018

BY ANDREW WALKER Sports and Web Editor

Sports See MEN'S Basketball Page 10 Junior forward Kyler Gregory makes a free-throw against the University of Lynchburg. Gregory had a careerhigh 21 points in the 82-78 victory over the 22nd ranked Hornets.//Photo by: Abigail Bekele/The Guilfordian

Volume 105. Issue 11

The Guilfordian

Since 1914


2 December 7, 2018

The Guilfordian




NEWS Changes made to Study Abroad IN BRIEF BY NAVYA BELAVADI Staff Writer

Society of Physics Students and GSBA celebrates the end of the 2018 fall semester Guilford’s chapter of the Society of Physics Students and the Guilford Student Body Association hosted an “end-of-thesemester” and “pre-finals” party on Wednesday, Dec. 5 in the West Gallery of Founders Hall from 11:00 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. The event provided Guilford students, staff and faculty members with an opportunity to socialize and relax with community members before finals week while enjoying free sandwiches, chips, soft drinks and desserts.

2018 annual WGSS Conference expected to speak meaningful conversation

On Saturday, Dec. 8 from 9:15 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Guilford students will gather to share discussion around issues of gender, sexuality and social justice as a part of the Women’s, Gender and Sexuality Studies Department’s annual conference. Planned and produced by current members of the WGSS 110 course, the conference will include a breakfast, guest keynote speaker at lunch in the Gilmore room and student sessions throughout the day, primarily taking place in Founders Hall.

Qaker Cupboard reminds community of resourcefulness with drop-in party

Guilford’s Quaker Cupboard hosted a drop-in party on Thursday, Dec. 6 from 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. in King 122 to welcome the Cupboard’s new home in King Hall. The Quaker Cupboard serves as an on-campus food pantry and resource, providing fresh and canned foods, as well as packaged meals for the Guilford community. Run under the Food Justice Club and advised by the Bonner Center for Community Service and Learning, the Quaker Cupboard aims to address food insecurity issues on campus and beyond.

“Prisons in the U.S. and Norway” session on study away opportunity

On Wednesday, Dec. 5 from 5:45 p.m. to 7:00 p.m., Guilford community members were invited to learn more about the three-week Study Away course, “Comparison of Prison Systems in Norway and the USA,” during a dinner and information session in the Gilmer Room. The course will be taught by Professor of Justice and Policy Studies Sherry Giles and Professor of Psychology Eva McGuire in Norway in fall 2019, and will investigate the question, “Is humane prison reform possible?”

Interfaith Worship Night encourages open-mic sharing

Guilford’s Black Student Union, Guilford Christian Ministry, Intercultural Engagement Center and Friends Center hosted a night of community-building worship and interfaith gathering at the Community Center on Tuesday, Dec. 4 from 7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. The event was open to the Guilford community and provided students, staff and faculty members with the opportunity to share expressions of worship through song, dance, spoken word and instrument, among others.

Guilford Dance Marathon gift wraps for the community

Starting from Tuesday, Dec. 4, members of the Guilford Dance Marathon invited Guilford students, faculty and staff to bring gifts to the Lobby of Founders Hall for gift-wrapping services. The services continued through Friday, Dec. 7 and were held from 11:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. All the money collected from the services went directly to the Young Women’s Christian Association of Greensboro Family Shelter. The Guilford Dance Marathon event will be held on Jan. 26.

“New study away courses that represent a range of academic interests and opportunities for students and faculty to collaboratively learn together in unique and distinct ways,” read an email sent to Guilford students from the Provost’s Office. This is what Guilford’s faculty projects to offer with the upcoming Guilford Edge, a series of campus-wide changes to be implemented starting from fall 2019. With the Edge academic calendar changes, new study away opportunities are being offered for students and faculty in an initiative for collaborative learning. Some fall courses include “Community Health & Development,” taught by Professor of Sports Studies Lavon Williams and Professor of Business Management Michael Dutch in India, “Comparison of Prison Systems in Norway and the USA,” taught by Professor of Justice and Policy Studies Sherry Giles and Professor of Psychology Eva McGuire in Norway and “Pilgrimage & Hospitality: El Camino de Santiago de Compostela,” taught by Professor of English Heather Hayton in Spain. “In the fall three weeks and the spring three weeks, Guilford College faculty and departments will be offering interdisciplinary programs that will provide a range of experiences for students,” said Study Abroad Director Daniel Diaz. “Those programs will range in duration. Some may just be a few days, and some will last the full three weeks.” The Edge calendar makes room for a three-week period of intensive student learning and new experiences that go beyond a traditional education, of which includes study abroad. “One of the things that the faculty were focused on from the very beginning is that the new calendar would offer a larger number of opportunities for students to study away,” said Academic Dean Frank Boyd. “That’s why it was important to have Daniel at the table.” Diaz agreed that the Study Abroad Program played a role in crafting the Edge. “I think in many ways the idea of the Edge bolsters and supports study away experiences,” Diaz said. “It was something that was certainly considered, but not the only reason for the idea.” Guilford’s faculty and administration heavily believe studying abroad to be a unique and enriching experience for students. “From my personal experience, one of the most consistently transformative experiences any student engages in is study abroad,” Boyd said. “We should do everything we can to make that available to as many students as possible.” Senior Finn Shepard, who is currently studying abroad in Munich, Germany, expressed similar sentiments. “It’s a really nice way to expand your cultural references,” said Shepard in an email interview. “I know in my case, I was fairly sheltered, and studying abroad was a way for me to experience my adulthood. You’re going to look back at it down the road and be thankful you went.” Guilford’s faculty and administration hope that with the inaugural Edge academic calendar, more students will be interested in studying abroad. “In a graduating class, about 52 percent of students have had an international experience during their time at Guilford,” Diaz said. “That number has gone down since there hasn’t been a January term, but now we’re converting to the Edge and so I imagine that number will go up.”

One of the motivations the administration envisions will increase Study Abroad participation include the shorter duration of the trips associated with the Edge. According to Diaz, the Edge will also open up study abroad opportunities for those who previously couldn’t due to time constraints. “A lot of students are very busy,” Diaz said. “The idea behind the Edge and having those three weeks is to give space for providing a very short, but impactful opportunity for more of our students to engage in these kinds of experiences that a full semester or summer program may not have allowed for.” Some students and professors expressed worry about the impacts of the changes on their respective courses but believe there won’t be any major problems for study abroad programs. “After talks with STEM majors, I worry for them, especially with the shortened semester,” Shepard said. “I know that some professors are worried about how they will adapt their courses to fit the threeweek block. I think study abroad won’t have as much trouble with the schedule change, since the programs are typically about twelve weeks anyways.” Although the Edge will provide students with the shorter three-weeklong study abroad programs, longer programs will continue to be offered. “For students that want to do the full semester, they can do the 3-week and 12-week together,” Diaz said. “That’s all it is, just adjusting a little bit to include the 3-week experience in front of it for those that want to do that.” Diaz also emphasized the difference between the study abroad opportunities offered under the Edge and the previous January terms. “Students and faculty enjoyed study away courses with the January term, but because it wasn’t institutionalized, with Jan term, you had to pay out of pocket for it,” Diaz said. “By creating the three weeks through the Edge and attaching financial aid and college support, we are aiming to create a more equal opportunity for everyone.” Many professors, including Coordinator of International Studies Eric Mortenson, have expressed excitement over the lower costs of the upcoming program. Mortenson will be teaching “Mechanisms of Magic and Medicine” next fall semester. “I think the cost is one of the most exciting aspects of the new curriculum,” Mortenson said. “Many study abroad options have been quite pricey, but the new three-week intensives in the new curriculum will enable far more students the opportunity to study abroad.” The Provost’s Office recently sent out an email to Guilford students with approximated pricing for several programs and study away courses. The travel fees range from $800 to $1800. “Those prices are estimates,” Diaz said. “With the new fall and spring programs, we’re working right now to bring down the costs as much as possible. Most programs do not cost a student anything more, other than a plane ticket and a passport, than your regular on-campus semester fees.” There will be an open info session on Monday, Dec. 10 from 2:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. in the Carnegie Room foyer and during the Study Abroad Fair scheduled for Jan. 16. “I’m very excited and happy about the Guilford Edge,” Diaz said. “I think it’s challenging us to be more imaginative and to create opportunities that are really exciting for students and faculty. It is a fantastic endeavor for Guilford College to be taking on.”

Fall 2019 Study Away Three-Week Courses Course Title

Faculty Leader(s)


Estimated travel fee

Fantastic Journeys - Pilgrimage & Hospitality: El Camino de Santiago de Compostela

Heather Hayton

Galicia, Spain


Business & Sports Studies: Community Heath & Development

Lavon Williams, Michael Dutch

Jamkhed, India


Biology & Religious Studies: Mechanisms of Magic and Michele Malotky & Eric Mortensen Medicine

Alnwick, UK


Justice and Policy Studies, Psychology: Comparison of Prison Systems in Norway and the USA

Sherry Giles, Eva McGuire

Oslo, Norway


Center for Pricipled Problem Solving, Justice, and Policy Studies: Social Justice in the Southern USA

Krista Craven



Modern Language Department: Alp Dreams & Guilford Semester in Munich

Dave Limberg

Munich, Germany


Spring 2020 Study Away Three-Week Courses Course Title

Faculty Leader(s)


Estimated travel fee

English: Fantasy Writers of Oxford

Caroline McAlister

Oxford, UK


Education Studies: Tradition & Innovation

Anna Pennell

Bernalda, Italy


Modern Languages, Sociology Anthropology: Collective Memory - Constructing Identity, Post WWII

Hiroko Hirakawa, Naadiya Hassan

Hawaii, Japan


Geology: Geology West

Marlene McCauley



Center for Principled Problem Solving, Peace and Conflict, Religion, Sociology Anthropology: Culture and Sustainability

Zulfiya Tursunova, Edwins Gwako, Frank Massey

Narok, Kenya


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December 7, 2018 | 3

Dr. Massey highlights lobbying politicians By Max Elkan Staff Writer On Tuesday, Nov. 27, Part-Time Lecturer for Religious Studies Dr. Frank Massey spoke at the Hege Library Experimental Classroom to inform students about lobbying the U.S. Congress for peace and justice in “Lobbying the U.S. Congress for Peace, Justice and Earth: The Friends Committee on National Legislation.” Massey stressed the impacts of lobbying congressmen and congresswomen on urgent topics to push forward important issues and policies through state and local representatives on the federal level. The talk began with introductions from those in attendance, with each introduction including the individual’s name, where they are from, major and one issue that they think needs to be focused on in national legislature. Responses from the audience varied from environmental justice to access to affordable healthcare. Discussion of the importance of these issues soon followed. However, many attendees expressed uncertainty when initially prompted to develop solutions to such topics of concern. The talk sought to address this uncertainty, emphasizing the need to make voices heard through communication with political representatives in advocating for change in national legislature or through physical activism. The audience found the former option as being more promising, as one can communicate with their political representatives’ offices through a phone call or email. Quaker-founded organizations, including the Friends Committee on National Legislation and the American Friends Service Committee, are two examples of paths that can be taken in order to bring about change to national legislation. The FCNL works to inform and organize people in their lobbying efforts on Capitol Hill or online, explained Massey. The Committee on National Legislation seeks to provide a way for students to communicate and voice their concerns and opinions on current politics. “The best time to straighten a tree is when it is young,” Massey said. Throughout the talk, Massey advocated for lobbying on national legislation, expressing that the most important weapon in anyone’s arsenal is knowledge. “Educate yourself,” Massey said, noting that not all issues can be addressed in the same way. As an advocate of the FCNL, Massey described the importance of knowing and understanding personal boundaries and the limitations of lobbying. Massey went on to discuss a list created by the FCNL of ten current issues encouraged to be the focus of lobbying groups, shedding light on the limitations and exclusion of others. Domestic violence, discrimination and human rights were cited as topics of concern that were not included on the list. “We (the FCNL) are only going to deal with the issues we can agree with,” Massey said. “We cannot solve everything, but we have picked

Part-time Lecturer for Religious Studies Dr. Frank Massey discusses lobbying the U.S. Congress for peace and justice.//Photo by:Mohamed Togol/The Guilfordian

10 things, so we can make change. At least a small change.” Massey brought attention to the importance, implications and impacts of lobbying. He emphasized the power embedded in persistent communication with local representatives. “That sense of continuing and staying in that connection to relay your concerns is immensely important,” Massey said. Students, including Early College student Elena Carabeau, a member of the Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies class, found the talk to be affirming of the need to put desires for change into action. “I think it’s important to know how to make a change in your local and state legislature,” Carabeau said. “I know a lot of people who want to make a change whether it be economic, social or political, but they don’t know how to go about doing that.” The talk introduced to community members and attendees a new way of advocating for issues. “I am interested in the nuclear disarmament,” said junior Kentaro Nakajima. “So I was intrigued when I learned about the Quakers’ involvement in that topic.” Though all community members voiced different issues they felt were most important, the talk emphasized the unity that is in making the most of organization and programs like the FCNL to contribute to the lobbying effort with Students listen to the Massey’s presentation in the Hege Experimental Classroom.// Photo by: Mohamed Togol/The Guilfordian national legislature.

Interfaith Open House connects community By Anna Gamez Staff Writer In the gathering area of the Friends Center, located in the Eva Campbell House, Guilford students, faculty and staff members joined for the Interfaith Open House on Thursday, Nov. 29. Energy was high at the event, as hot cocoa, coffee and cookies were served from 3:00 p.m to 5:00 p.m. and attendees were able to meet with members of the Interfaith Leadership Council and play tug-of-war with canine Bruiser. Representing the spiritual life on Guilford’s campus, the Interfaith Leadership Council consists of the Catholic Campus Ministry, Guilford Christian Ministry and the Muslim Student Association, among others. Located in the Friends Center, the office of the head of campus ministry seeks to uplift individuals through means of ref lection, meditation and prayer and is available to community members who may be in need of support through discussion and meeting. The campus ministry emphasizes interfaith to celebrate Guilford’s religious diversity and give students meaningful opportunities for worship. “We’ve been talking about this, instead of using interfaith, using multifaith,” said Interim Co-Director of Quaker

Leadership Scholars Program Evelyn Jadin. “The idea of different religions coming together to simply support each other and being in community with one another.” The Open House showcased the newly refurbished Interfaith prayer space, which seeks to provide a safe, quiet space for community members to pray and meditate. During the last academic year, the prayer room was located in The Hut, but with recent renovations underway at Guilford, the space has now been relocated to the Friends Center. “(The Hut) was a very small space, it was kind of dirty,” said Director of Friends Center and Quaker Studies Wess Daniels. “I had students who told me later that they like this space better, so when we brought it back over (to Friends Center), I wanted to emphasize this multifaith perspective.” The refurbished prayer space, which is open from 8:00 a.m to 5:00 p.m, features a bookcase with a variety of religious and spiritual readings, meditative pillows and a prayer rug facing Mecca. “We wanted the space to ref lect that whatever religious tradition you are a part of, there is something for you in here, or even if you’re not religious but you just need a quiet space to meditate, then this is the place for you,” Daniels said. The open house event gave Guilford community members

an opportunity to learn about the religious and spiritual life at Guilford and ways to become involved. “The Friends Center does a lot of both work on focusing on Quakerism and Quaker studies and a lot of Interfaith work, but a lot of people on campus don’t necessarily know that,” said Interim Co-Director of Quaker Leadership Scholars Program Aleks Babic. “It’s a space for pastoral support, so if somebody wants, they don’t have to be Quaker, they don’t have to be of any faith, but if they want a particular kind of support, we can offer that as well as education about different faiths, including Quaker studies.” Interfaith is working on a variety of new projects and events for the Guilford community, which the Interfaith Leadership Council hopes will bring more awareness and collaboration. A current project in the works is “Power Yoga for Every Body,” held in the Reagan Brown Field House from 8:15 a.m. to 9:15 a.m. every Tuesday, which is intended to promote spiritual wellness. “I would love to see more collaboration, interfaith collaboration,” Babic said. “And when we say interfaith, it really does mean everyone on campus who wants to be involved in something like that. My hope is that this space will see more people come through and bring their ideas and then bring different projects to life.”

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4 | December 7, 2018

News in Brief France All across France, frustrations over high taxes erupted into massive protests in Paris over the first weekend of December. The “Yellow Vest” protestors, named for the yellow construction worker-style vests many of them wear, are protesting a French fuel tax which has placed a heavy burden on poor and middle-class families. The protests began three weeks ago in rural areas, but moved to Paris, where they have caused damage to some of the city’s most expensive shopping streets.

Isreal On Dec. 4, the Israeli military began plans to block underground tunnels that it says the terrorist group Hezbollah has been building under the border with Lebanon. The initiative, called Operation North Shield, is part of a wider Israeli strategy to block Iranian influence in the region. Critics soon began speculating if the move was partially a ploy to distract from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s mounting legal and political challenges. Israeli police recommended that Netanyahu be indicted for corruption.

Italy In a crackdown on organized crime, Italian authorities arrested 46 members of the Sicilian mafia, halting the plans to re-establish a ruling mob council in Sicily. The arrests include that of Settimo Mineo, who authorities believe was elected as the head of the Mafia following the death of “boss of bosses” Salvatore “Totò” Riina in 2017. The mafia had scheduled a meeting of all provincial bosses, which authorities viewed as a sign that they were attempting to reestablish power after decades of staying in the shadows.


Poroshenko condemns Russia By Max Elkan Staff Writer Ukraine’s President, Petro Poroshenko, said on Dec. 3 he would propose that Parliament declare martial law in the country after the Russian military attacked and seized three Ukrainian navy ships in the Black Sea. The Ukraine government has since imposed martial law on 10 of its 25 provinces in response to external military threats from Russia. The Russian Federal Security Service, known as the FSB, released a statement on Nov. 26 regarding the causation of the confiscation of the ships. The statement declared that three ships, one tugboat and two artillery vessels, illegally entered Russian waters on Sunday in the Black Sea near the Kerch Strait, the main passage to the Sea of Azov from the Black Sea. Russian officials claim that the ships did not have permission to enter the waters, then proceeded to continue after the FSB told them to stop. In a final effort at diverting the ships, Russian soldiers fired upon the vessels as a warning and in order to forcibly stop the Ukrainian Navy from advancing. The Kerch Strait is a passageway to the Sea of Azov from the Black Sea that lies between the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014 along with the rest of the Crimean Peninsula and the Taman Peninsula of Russia. Russia made itself the guardian of the Kerch Strait, since it’s annexation of Crimea, making the entrance of Ukranian Navy Vessels illegal. Since this report, video footage has been released from a camera on one of the Russian ships that apprehended the Ukrainian vessels. In the video, a Russian soldier, presumably a high-ranking individual, can be heard shouting vulgar commands at the captain of the ship to ram into the side of the Ukrainian tugboat. In the video, the Russian ships appear to be moving at a much higher speed than the tugboat, while steering toward the vessel in hope of a collision. The FBS eventually seized all of the vessels and soldiers involved in the event. This clearly intentional collision between the Russian vessel and the tugboat was not referred to in the statement


by the Russian Officials on Nov. 26, and instead was called an event of ‘militaristic aggression’ by Ukraine, which put martial laws into place in almost a dozen of their provinces. “Russia once again appears to be overstepping their boundaries in Crimea,” said junior Beka Bililign. “But I can’t say that I’m surprised.” Martial law is the overriding of ordinary law by a military force, typically in response to a temporary emergency. Since the annexation of Crimea, the freedom of navigation through the Kerch Strait has become a major concern and goal for Ukraine. On top of the martial law declaration, Poroshenko, the U.N. and NATO have issued statements condemning Russia’s actions, saying the Russian Federation violated a 2003 bilateral treaty that opened passage through the strait. “The United Nations is deeply concerned about this escalation of tensions, which is taking place in the broader context of the conf lict in eastern Ukraine and the annexation of Crimea,” said Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs at the U.N. Rosemary DiCarlo at a briefing. Observers predict that conf lict is likely to heighten. “Unfortunately, conf lict will continue to heighten between Russia and Ukraine,” said Professor of Peace and Conf lict Studies Zulfiya Tursunova. “So far there has been no peace agreement and no direct dialogue of the superpowers with Russia to identify conf lict resolution strategies to escalating tensions.” As for the U.S. government’s response to the conf lict, President Trump had scheduled a meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G-20 Summit in Argentina, although President Donald Trump cancelled that meeting. Without a condemnation report from Trump and an effort for the defense of international law, the U.S. is not currently pressuring Russia to return Ukrainian ships or rights to the Sea of Azov. “I f ind it quite interesting with the current state of political affairs in the Trump administration,” says Early College student Elena Carabeau, “With the current Russia investigation by Robert Mueller, it is no wonder to me that Trump doesn’t want to get involved in Russian affairs, especially if he would take Putin’s side.”

Photo Week of th e


orld & Nation


Myanmar An investigation by the Public International Law and Policy Group, a global pro bono law firm, has concluded that the massacres of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar is genocide. The result raises pressure on the U.S. to impose harsher sanctions on the country, whose actions were previously classified by the state department as ethnic cleansing rather than genocide. In August 2017, Myanmar’s military responded to attacks by Rohingya militants with a brutal offensive campaign which has killed 10,000 and led 720,00 to flee into Bangladesh.

Photos Courtesy of

Mexico In what marks a gargantuan shift for Mexican politics, Andrés Manuel López Obrador was sworn in as president on Dec. 2, making him Mexico’s first left-wing president since the 1970s. Anger against the political establishment fueled Obrador’s rise, giving him a landslide victory in January. Railing against the “neoliberal” order, the new president promised to increase pension funds, stimulate job growth through public works programs and create an apprentice program for Mexico’s youth in his inaugural address. By Roman Raies World & Nation Editor

Copenhagen, Denmark Elyssa Shoup ‘19 traveled to Nyhavn, a harbor located in Copenhagen, Denmark during her time abroad. The harbor is one of Copenhagen’s most well known attractions. Whether you have been or are currently abroad, we would love to see trip photos. Please email the photos to Abigail Bekele at with information about the image and where and when you studied.

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World & Nation

December 7, 2018 | 5


By Roman Raies & Madison Ward World & Nation Editor and Guest Writer The U.S. has the one of the highest rates of incarceration in the world. According to the 2015 World Prison Population List from the Institute for Criminal Policy Research, the U.S. incarcerates 698 people per 100,000, a rate higher than every other country other than Seychelles. In 2015, the U.S. incarcerated almost 25 percent of the world’s prisoners despite having only 5 percent of the world’s population, according to numbers from the World Prison Population List and the U.S. census Bureau. Despite the disparity, the U.S. does not have significantly higher crime rates than other countries. Many experts believe mass incarceration accounted for by the fact that the U.S. criminal justice system is highly politicized. Many of the positions in the criminal justice system, such as judges and sheriffs, are elected positions. However, others argue that policies created by legislatures lead to higher incarceration rates. “It is not a matter of people in the criminal justice system being elected that is a problem, the problem is that it is the policies created by state and federal legislatures, they make the laws.” said Associate Professor of Criminal Justice Will Pizio. “The folks in criminal justice agencies just implement the laws.” The roots of today’s high incarceration rates go back to the late 1960s and 1970s. To be seen as “tough on crime,” President Richard Nixon declared a “War on Drugs” criminalizing marijuana and crack cocaine. As a result, the U.S. prison population has increased by 700 percent since 1970, meaning one in every 31 adults is under some sort of correction. Advocates of Nixon’s policies argued that drugs were destroying communities and police intervention was necessary for the common good. However, critics argue that the War on Drugs led to a predatory attitude which focused too much on punishing individuals who are already struggling rather than the larger societal issues underlying drug use. “It’s been blinding,” said senior Spencer File, a member of Amnesty International. “What do you do when there is a war? What words come to mind? Action. Conf lict. They are seeing too many targets, that is the problem. They are not thinking of it in terms of legal strategy, but rather offensive

political strategy.” The high U.S. incarceration rate has led to prison overcrowding. Most inmates are convicted for nonviolent, low-level offenses, which is a key reason the number of inmates is so high. This has serious and devastating consequences on both the individual and the state. There are too many people in jail with little rehabilitation and medical treatment, often resulting in death. “Over the past 35 years, we have changed our rationale for punishment,” said Pizio. “It moved from rehabilitation to incapacitation which simply means, get them away from us.” The American Civil Liberties Union writes, “State and local courts have increasingly attempted to supplement their funding by charging fees to people convicted of crimes, including fees for public defenders, prosecutors, court administration, jail operation and probation supervision. And in the face of mounting budget deficits at the state and local level, courts across the country have used aggressive tactics to collect these unpaid fines and fees, including for traffic offenses and other low-level offenses.” Many activists argue that prison privatization further increases the incarceration rate by raising the financial incentive to incarcerate. “A lot of the U.S. prison system is privatized, so they are making money off of it,” said senior Amelia Wellman, a member of Guilford’s chapter of Define American. “That in itself gives them incentive to put as many people in prison as they can.” These tactics prevail, hurting the poor and giving them longer, harsher sentences than the wealthy because of their inability to post bail and hire legal counsel. The Southern Center for Human Rights states that, “The United States Supreme Court in Bearden v. Georgia, 461 U.S. 660 (1983), held that courts cannot imprison a person for failure to pay a criminal fine unless the failure to pay was “willful.” However, this is often ignored by the state government, leaving the poor locked away and forgotten. One avenue for mass incarceration is the public school system. The American Civil Liberties Union writes, “The school-to-prison pipeline refers to the policies and practices that push our nation’s schoolchildren, especially our most at-risk children, out of classrooms and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems.” Children’s path to incarceration begins with failing public schools that have inadequate resources and funding. This increases

Cartoon By: Abedayo Oladele/The Guilfordian

Consequences of U.S. mass incarceration

student disinterest and disengagement in school, which encourages student failure and dropout. Zero-tolerance policies also contribute to the school-to-prison pipeline. The American Civil Liberties Union writes that these policies “automatically impose severe punishment regardless of circumstances. Under these policies, students have been expelled for bringing nail clippers or scissors to school. Rates of suspension have increased dramatically in recent years from 1.7 million in 1974 to 3.1 million in 2000 and have been most dramatic for children of color.” Students, especially poor minority children, are being severely punished and pushed into the system for

small infractions of rules. Mass incarceration disproportionately affects minorities. U.S. News reports that in Boston, “blacks represent less than 1 in 4 of residents but from 2007 to 2010 accounted for more than 3 of 5 field interrogations, observations, frisks and/or searches.” The majority of people serving life sentences are African American, and the American Civil Liberties Union found that the death penalty was far more sought after when there was at least one white victim in the case. “A lot of people of color are arrested for minor drug possessions like marijuana,” Wellman. “I also do not like the fact that people of color are being targeted.”

By DaeQuan Fitzgerald Editor-in-Chief On Nov. 25, the U.N.’s Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) released a report noting that of the 87,000 recorded female homicide cases in 2017, 58 percent, or around 50,000, were committed by an intimate partner or family member of the victim. The study was released in conjunction with the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. “After hearing that statistic, I’m surprised it wasn’t higher,” said sophomore Delaney Taylor. “I would have thought it was in the 75 percent range.” One of the main purposes of the report was to shed light on the growth of “femicide” culture. “Femicide” is a term that has been officially coined by the U.N. and several nations’ legislation, which relates to homicides that are gender-related. Because the term has not been generally accepted across all countries, “femicide” is presented with quotation marks. However, eighteen Latin American countries have established the criminal offense of “femicide,” when a woman is killed on the basis of her gender. From the report, the continent with the largest number of women killed worldwide by a family member or intimate partner was Asia at 20,000. Africa followed with 19,000, then the Americas at 8,000, Europe at 3,000 and Oceania at 300. The intimate partner or family-related homicide rate for the Americas was 1.6 per 100,000 female population. The study also noted that women bear a greater burden in relation to intimate partner violence. Of intimate violence victims, 82 percent were female. NPR’s Diane Cole spoke with Angela Me, chief of UNODC’s research and trend analysis branch, who provided further review of the report. Me highlighted that

all reported killings of women by intimate partners were committed by men. There were no statistics for same sex relationship killings. Of all the intimate partner or family-related homicides from last year, 64 percent of the victims were female. Me noted that age was not a considered variable for who was more at risk, however, younger victims have been targeted in dowry killings. In India last year, 7,000 women were killed in dowry-related disputes. Honor killings, or murder resulting from the belief that a female family member’s behavior has brought shame or dishonor upon the family, were common in the report as well. “I don’t think there is anything honorable about killing women,” said junior Shayne Kenny. “At the end of the day, honor killings perpetuate multiple, bad, (oppressive) ideas. It is similar to when white, Christian preachers tell women they are submitting to God by submitting to their husbands, and defying your husband would mean defying God. “I think honor killings perpetuate the idea that women are objects that can be owned and sold. Their life is less valuable than a man’s. In fact, honor killings are just a tool used to oppress women and convey the idea that they are sexual objects. How is my virginity more valuable than my life?” There are several steps suggested by Me to combat global “femicide.” Most notably was that resources must be available across the world for women who ask for protection, such as a criminal justice system that can provide restraining orders. She also pushed for educating young men, and encouraging them to champion the concept of rejecting violence against women. Guilford students agreed. “Men need to be educated more at a younger age,” said Taylor. “There is so much emphasis on techniques women need in order to protect themselves, but there needs to be a dialogue for younger men.”

Graphic by: DaeQuan Fitzgerald/The Guilfordian

U.N. report outlines growth of ‘femicide’


The Guilfordian

December 7, 2018




Pelosi runs for Speaker of the House

On Wednesday, Nov. 28, Democrats from the House of Representatives met in Washington, D.C. to hold a private vote for the nominations of a prospective Speaker of the House of Representatives. The Speaker will be By Max voted on off icially by Elkan all House members in Staff Writer January 2018 to determine who will remain in office for the next two years, replacing current speaker Paul Ryan. As a result of this vote, House minority leader Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) was nominated as the Democratic party representative. This will be voted upon in January after the congregation resumes its term as the newly elected House members are sworn in. The vote on this nomination was a count of 203 votes for and 32 votes against Pelosi. Democrats Steny H. Hoyer (Md.) , James E. Clyburn (S.C.) , Ben Ray Luján (N.M.) and Hakeem Jeffries (N.Y.) became

Democratic leader, whip, assistant leader and caucus chair respectively on Wednesday during the nomination vote. Despite the immediate implication that this vote count is almost entirely in favor of Pelosi, the vote against her nomination could cause some problems if she continues to be the Democratic Party’s nominee. For someone to be elected as Speaker of the House, 218 votes must be counted in their favor (or the majority of votes that are polled). As it stands, with the 32 votes against, Pelosi may not be able to secure the position when a nominee from the Republican Party is also in the elections, at least not without some Republican support. Those who did not vote for Pelosi on Wednesday are fighting for their voices to be heard in the House. They want a change in the way that the Democratic Party is run. This rebellion wants younger people to be in a more significant role when it comes to power, however a nominee to fill this niche has not been selected. Furthermore, many young Democrats are pushing for the party to become even more

progressive than it currently is. Some Republicans, including the president, who have commented on the subject declare that it is in their best interest for Pelosi to become the Speaker of the House in January. In the past, the Republican Party has used Pelosi against the Democrats. In ads and public speeches, Pelosi was depicted as a harm to the nation, causing the Democratic power in the House to spiral out of control. The GOP has a so called “Pelosi Playbook” and will not be afraid to use it come 2019 if she is elected. While Pelosi may not be the first choice for all Democrats at this time, she has led the campaign in the House that most Democrats are likely to support: the anti-Trump effort. However, without an alternative, Democrats might be stuck with Pelosi for the next two years, and it may not be a bad thing either. As a former House Speaker, Pelosi brings a signif icant amount of experience and knowledge to the table, as well as an open mind and willingness to communicate and work with people who are on a different

side than her. She has already declared that she would like to hear more voices from younger representatives, possibly satisfying the concerns of those voting against her, therefore bringing new opinions and standpoints into old issues. Her motivation dedication to the economy and public welfare could serve the Democratic Party well in the next two years in the fight against the Trump administration. Without a better, more viable option it may be a hard pill to swallow for some Democrats at the moment, but it may just turn out in their favor. By keeping an open mind and making your voice heard, you have the ability to represent yourself in the political spectrum even if your party’s candidate does not seem to be doing the same. Though Pelosi has her mistakes, if she does end up in this position we can be assured that she will devote herself and her efforts to the cause, and that is all we can really ask for in the end.

AMC’s ‘Walking Dead’ show needs rebirth Beware. Deadly spoilers inside. Six years have gone by and still you can find me in the same spot Sunday at 9 p.m. I’m curled up in bed watching “The Walking Dead.” A lot has changed since Rick Grimes (Andrew Lincoln) first woke up in a hospital bed to discover a zombie apocalypse waiting for him outside. After a disappointing eighth season, I am relieved to watch season nine slowly By Sofia redeem itself. The new showrunner, Pavrone Angela Kang, may be to thank for this Staff Writer as it is evident this season is taking a different approach. Season nine has focused heavily on dialogue and has followed the conf lict between the politically opposed communities of Alexandria, led by Rick until Michonne (Danai Gurira) takes over, and Hilltop, led by Maggie (Lauren Cohan) until her abrupt departure when Jesus (Tom Payne) takes over. Rick is determined to create a new beginning, one where the communities can work together instead of fighting each other. Maggie’s new beginning does not start until Negan (Jeffrey Dean Morgan) , who is

currently incarcerated in Alexandria, is dead. One of the main changes from previous seasons is the decrease in zombie interactions. In the past seven episodes, there have only been two major ones, which include the museum scene in the season premiere and with Rick in his final episode. However, that may change with the new swarm of zombies, The Whisperers, introduced in the seventh episode. This season’s main event was the departure of Andrew Lincoln. Leading up to the season premiere, and until his final episode aired, you could not watch AMC without seeing advertisements for Rick Grimes’ f inal episodes. AMC did a good job of setting up the anticipation, but to no avail. Rick’s final episode did not live up to the hype. The episode opened with Rick impaled on a rock and a herd of zombies drawing closer. While heading back to Alexandria, he loses consciousness several times and has visions that included cameos from former characters, which were easily the best part of the entire episode. The episode ended with Rick setting the bridge on fire, engulfing the zombies and himself (or so I thought) in f lames. Darryl’s (Norman Reedus) reaction to his best friend’s death made me tear up, but those tears subsided

when Rick was rescued by a helicopter, leaving me unable to take the episode seriously. At least Rick got a farewell episode. Maggie simply did not appear in the seventh episode after appearing in the first six, leaving Jesus in charge of Hilltop with only a mention that Maggie was gone trying to find a settlement. The way her absence was handled left me in utter confusion and frustration. Now that Rick and Maggie are gone, it is vital for “The Walking Dead” to invest in the main cast that is left. Carol (Melissa McBride) and Darryl have so much potential that is not being used. Eugene (Josh McDermitt) and Rosita (Christian Serratos) are seen so little that sometimes I forget they are still alive. The only character I am still invested in is Michonne. The main fault with the last few seasons of “The Walking Dead” it its dragged out storyline and unsatifying ending despite an exciting start. However, this has been a much more intriguing storyline than I have seen in a while. The only problem is that it might be too late. The show has been a huge part of the AMC lineup, but I feel“The Walking Dead” may have finally run its course.

Hops serves excellence ‘The Grinch’ is back Af ter f inishing classes for the day, my fr iends and I decided it was time to go get some lunch. Having By Ryan been recentBrown ly reminded Staff Writer that I hadn’t been to Hops Burger Bar in a while, I suggested it to the group. After a unanimous approval, we piled into the car and began the quick 15 minute drive to Hops via New Garden Road and Joseph M. Bryan Boulevard. In my experience, Hops is always packed, even at odd hours of the day when other restaurants have slowed down. This was a Thursday afternoon and even still it was full of customers. Fortunately, Hops is located on a lovely line of shops that includes the likes of Acme Comics, Art and Soul, Juice Shop and other great ways to pass the time. Hops has taken advantage of this and allows you to walk around freely and receive a convenient text message to let you

know when your table is ready. After about 15 minutes of browsing at the nearby stores, our table was finally ready. Entering the restaurant, you are immediately struck by its very rustic atmosphere, accentuated by the thick wooden tables, dark stained hardwood f loors and understated decor. Choosing what to order at Hops is never easy. The good news is they have such a large selection of interesting burgers and sides that you can’t make a bad choice. Add on to that the fact that they allow you to create custom burgers, sandwiches and salads and it becomes truly impossible to pick a favorite. This time, I decided to go with the tried and true Hops Classic with a perfectly sized eight ounce patty. It’s a great amount of food for the price, especially considering all orders come with a side, a pickled banana pepper and a pickle. Although some may call it boring, I personally think the Hops Classic is the best burger on the menu. It goes back to the basics with American cheese, crispy applewood smoked bacon, lettuce,

tomato, pickles and onion. The toppings come together extremely well to create what I can say quite conf idently is the best burger I have ever had. The fries that came with my burger are much thicker and crunchier than those you may f ind at a fast food joint and are, as a result, extremely tasty. Hops also offers you the choice of chips, onion rings, veggies or a side salad to go along with its entrees, but I think the fries are the way to go. While I didn’t try it this time, I know from experience that the mint chocolate cheesecake is extremely good. I haven’t had a chance to try any of the other desserts yet, but if they are anything like the cheesecake, I’m sure they are tasty. We left feeling satisfied with our choice of lunch spot, having spent a little under $15 each, including tip. The affordability of the place is a huge plus for a student budget. If you get the chance, I would highly recommend Hops Burger Bar at 2419 Spring Garden Street for quality food at a reasonable price.

After a late start, the holiday weather has finally caught up with North Carolina. This past weekend was just chilly enough to make it believable that By Ashton Christmas and the Mckenzie holiday season is Staff Writer already less than a month away. This ultimately led to a friend of mine asking if I wanted to go see “The Grinch.” I was hesitant at first because it was still November and I believe if you are going to watch a Christmas movie at all, it needs to be at least two weeks before Dec. 25 or closer, but I decided to go. When we got to the theatre and our seats in the very back, I noticed all the little kids in the room who were excited to see the movie, and it made my heart incredibly happy. As the film started, I could hear all the not-so-quiet whispers of excitement over the trailers, especially for “Wreck-It Ralph 2.” I quickly grew excited as the opening scenes illustrated how cute they had made Max, the Grinch’s dog, in this movie. The way Illumination portrayed Max made the movie worth going back to see by itself.

Not only was Max extremely adorable for a cartoon dog, the Grinch himself was vastly different from his other cartoon counterpart and Jim Carrey’s live action portrayal. Benedict Cumberbatch’s version of the Grinch reminded me more of a cranky old man than the sinister thief of Whoville the original cartoon portrays. Since the last version of the Grinch was a live action version, it’s been a while since the cartoon graphics have been updated. The Rotten Tomatoes critics’ review of the movie was only 56 percent, while the actual moviegoer review so far is 88 percent, which I believe is much more accurate. While the film may not be critically satisfying, in the theater, throughout the movie I could hear kids laughing and getting involved with the plot. The movie followed the typical Christmas movie plot but was also hysterically funny and incredibly cute. It followed the original storyline but also made improvements to the story to fit the time of the movie. If you and your friends, or even your significant, other run out of ideas for date night or just need something fun to do, I would recommend “The Grinch” for a fun, short movie that will make you laugh and feel the heartwarming happiness of the holiday spirit.

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‘Fantastic Beasts’ sequel falls short The true crime of “ Fa n t a s t i c Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald” was how it turned such a rhapsodic and emotional f ilm franchise into something By Jake so soulless and Ramsaur convoluted. “Fantastic Staff Writer Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald” is the second installment in the “Fantastic Beasts” franchise. During the first film, “Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them,” the movie centers around two plots, the first revolving around Newt Scamander capturing his escaped magical beasts, and the second revolving around increased tensions between wizards and no-majs, America’s version of muggles, in 1920s New York City. What made “Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them” so fantastic was not the plot, however, but the characters and their interactions with one another. It was a heartfelt movie in every aspect of its making. “Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald” takes the joy of the first film and bludgeons it with a stick. During the second movie, Newt Scamander searches for Credence Barebone under the orders of Dumbledore. They believe Grindelwald, the villain in this movie, wants Credence to help him kill Dumbledore. To protect Credence from Grindelwald, Newt must travel to Paris to find Credence before it’s too late. Whereas the best aspect of the first movie was its characters, this may be the weakest part in the second film. The movie has poor character development, giving audience members no reason

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to be invested in the protagonists. I couldn’t find it in myself to empathize with the new characters in this film. Even worse, the movie fails to maintain well developed characters from the first film. The connections in the original film were simple but with enough emotional complexity to make them realistic. To further the plot in the “Fantastic Beasts” franchise, the creators of “Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald” twisted these connections until they were unrecognizable. For example, in the first movie, Newt Scamander and Tina Goldstein’s connection with one another did an excellent job of portraying their dichotomy as well as their similarities. In order to prevent further development in their characters, the creators formed an idiotic reason for why they are not currently together. In the movie they are seperated because Goldstein read that Newt was getting married in a newspaper when in fact it was his brother who was getting married. I love drama between characters, but I wish that drama was from something less contrived. Then there’s Jacob Kowalski, a no-maj, and his love Queenie Goldstein. They can’t get married because it’s illegal in America for them. In the beginning of the movie she enchants him, hoping he’ll go with her to England to get married because its more progressive there. This left a bad taste in my mouth because when he was not enchanted, they carried on like she hadn’t just ignored his right to consent to their marriage or not. There was a day Johnny Depp used to be a great actor, but that day has passed, and nothing illustrates that more than his portrayal of Grindelwald. As a character, Grindelwald has the same intentions as Voldemort but with

none of the qualities that made him such a memorable villain. He’s one-dimensional, badly acted, and about as intimidating as a rabbit. Finally, there’s Credence. In the original film, Credence was an amazing character who was emotional, complex and a perfect villain for the film. In the second film, Ezra Miller who portrays Credence barely gets the time of day to shine. His plotline in this movie comes out of nowhere and destroys what made him such a strong character in the original film. There are some upsides to the movie. The beasts in the film are as adorable as ever. Each scene with them had me grinning from ear to ear and offered a nice distraction from the rest of the film. The movie introduced a new magical beast with a design similar to that of a dragon and a cat and I am in love. The scenes are also shot beautifully. The way the cameras are used with the sets and the CGI created a magical and immersive experience into the world of “Fantastic Beasts” that left me gaping at times in awe. The story is tedious and the characters are badly written, but I have full faith in the future of this series. “The Crimes of Grindelwald” may have been a bump in the road, but it was a necessary one. With the exposition and setup out of the way, the true story of these characters may begin. If you’re a fan of the “Fantastic Beasts” franchise, I would recommend seeing this film but only so you are caught up when the next one comes out. It’s a lot of exposition tied in a pretty bow, but it isn’t a good film. The plot is weak and the characters are weaker. Ultimately, it forgets what made the first movie so loveable in the first place.


Editorial Staff thanks audience We have reached our final issue of the semester and we would like to thank our readership for following us every step of the way. We had the amazing opportunity to share the hard work of our tremendous staff over the first half of Volume 105. We thank you for allowing us to also share the voices of our diverse community. The Guilford College campus has a wide variety of perspectives that we always wish to include on a weekly basis. Your consistent feedback has helped us improve our publication and improve as an organization. While nothing can be perfect, we strive to provide you with precise information and content with each edition of the newspaper. As we have stated before, we are honored with the role of being a voice for the campus. We recognize that this responsibility carries substantial weight, which is why it is ever-so important for us stay committed to excellence through practicing transparency and accountability. The Guilfordian prides itself on being a family. Our editorial board staff puts its best efforts to provide guidance and assistance for our growing staff. We welcome new members with open arms. Furthermore, we are always agreeable to receiving letters to the editor. It is vital that we maintain this direct link to the community, and it is The Guilfordian’s duty to honor your voice. We invite you to come to our news meeting on Mondays at 6:30 p.m. Founders Hall in the East Gallery upstairs.

Reflecting Guilford College's core Quaker values, the topics and content of Staff Editorials are chosen through consensus of all 13 editors and one faculty adviser of The Guilfordian’s Editorial Board.

Nintendo Switch debuts two ‘Pokémon’ titles By Brendan Shoemaker Staff Writer

On Friday, Nov. 16, “Pokémon: Let’s Go Pikachu!” and “Pokémon: Let’s Go Eevee!” were released for the Nintendo Switch. The games are the first traditional Pokémon games from the series to be released to a home video game console, as opposed to a handheld game console, and borrow many design elements form the mobile game “Pokémon

GO” When “Pokémon Red” and “Pokémon Blue,” were first released in the U.S. during September 1998, the series became an instant hit among the American public. Children across the nation became infatuated with Pokémon, starting the so called “Pokémon Craze” of the

late 90s. The video game franchise has been going strong in the 20 years since the first games’ release. However, it has yet to reach the massive 31 million units sold of the first games. In 2016, with the release of “Pokémon GO,” the franchise was once again placed into the public’s eye, gaining over 650 million downloads by the end of 2017. Although “Pokémon GO” has achieved wild success, the game is very different in gameplay to any previous Pokémon game, leading to the creation of “Let’s Go,” which borrows heavily from “Pokémon GO.” The “Pokémon: Let’s Go” games are a remake of “Pokémon Yellow,” which was a third version of Red and Blue featuring the mascot of Pokémon, Pikachu. As remakes, the “Let’s Go” games share their plot, world map, and many base features with “Pokémon Yellow.” After getting “Pokemon: Let’s Go Pikachu!” on the day of release, I was extremely excited

to play the game. I’m happy to say that this feeling of excitement lasted throughout my entire playthrough of the game. My experience with Pokémon games in the past has been very expansive, as I’ve played every game in the franchise at least once. While some people who have kept up with the franchise may be put off by the mechanics the game takes from “Pokémon GO”, I think that these changes are good for the games. The major gameplay feature taken from “Pokémon GO” is how you catch Pokémon. Classic Pokémon games see the player battling monsters, then catching them when they are weakened. However, in the “Let’s Go” games, instead of battling these creatures, you simply catch them. Being remakes of a previous game in the franchise, I think that mixing up the way the game plays makes it more interesting than if it had just been a graphical upgrade.

On the topic of visuals, the game is topnotch. Taking a cartoon-like style in its color palette and models, “Let’s Go” is very pleasing to the eye, be it on the big TV screen or the screen of the Nintendo Switch’s handheld mode. My favorite change from the original “Pokémon Yellow” to “Pokémon:Let’s Go Pikachu!” and Pokémon: Let’s Go Eevee!” is that of the music. The game’s soundtrack, while having the same songs from the Nintendo Gameboy classic, has been completely redone. The 8-bit tunes of the past have been replaced with very well-mastered and modernized songs that fit with the games theme and style. Overall, I think “Pokémon: Let’s Go Pikachu!” and “Pokémon: Let’s Go Eevee!” are a great addition to the Nintendo Switch’s lineup of games. Any fan of Pokémon, from hardcore to casuals, can join in Pokémon Let’s Go and have a ball.

Boba House offers great vegetarian food Boba House is a Vietnamese and Thai-inspired restaurant that caters pretty exclusively toward vegetarians. Despite not being a vegetarian, I still wanted to try the place out. One of the first issues is the lack of parking. The place is rather popular, so finding a spot is tough The décor was interesting and I noticed By Peter how well it worked together with the calm and soothing music that was playing. Zhang When the waiter came back with my water, Staff Writer I ordered crispy rolls, blackened “tuna” and a jasmine boba. All the meat items at Boba House are made with vegetarian and even vegan substitutes. Because of this, most of their menu items can be made vegan except for their “crab” cake sandwich, Buffalo “chicken” sandwich, New York-style

cheesecake and greenlight soup. To make their menu even more suitable for any diner, their menu points out the dishes that contain peanuts and which items can be made with gluten free substitutes. All in all, their menu is designed to take diners with various dietary restrictions in mind. The first thing my waiter brought out was the jasmine boba. The drink was a blended like a smoothie, something I did not expect as boba is usually served as a liquid with ice. However, the drink had a nice and refreshing fragrance and sweetness that whetted my appetite. Although the drink was not quite what I expected, it was enjoyable nevertheless. Next, the waiter brought out five golden brown spring rolls with an orange colored sauce. As I bit into the spring rolls, I understood why they were named crispy rolls as the delightful crunch perfectly lived up to its name. The sauce that came with the rolls was sweet, sour and spicy, perfectly complimenting the savory rolls. When the waiter brought out the blackened “tuna,” one

of their specialties, I was slightly disappointed as the slices of “tuna” did not resemble fish at all. However, when I tasted the “tuna” I was surprised at the amazing flavor that it contained. The “tuna,” which was made of sweet potato protein, perfectly soaked up the savory and mildly spicy flavor of the sauce and red toppings. Paired with crunchy garlic green beans and fluffy white rice, the heavy flavor of the “tuna” was perfectly balanced. In total, I spent $22.05 for the food and only had to wait for about 15 minutes until I received my food. The total was a bit expensive because I got an appetizer and a drink, which I don’t think are necessary as the blackened “tuna” was very filling. If one decides to go to Boba House, I recommend getting just an entree and maybe a drink as well. My experience at Boba House was a great one, as it allowed me to experience great vegetarian food and made the extra minutes spent circling the place in search of a parking spot worth it.


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December 7, 2018




Guilford Guides introduced for students By Abigail AbantoHollans Features Editor

With the new Guilford Edge program being implemented in the Fall 2019 semester, many changes are occurring around campus. One of these changes is the new Guided Discovery program that is located on the first floor of Hege Library Academic Commons. Part of Guided Discovery is the new Guilford Guides that are available to all students. “(Guilford Guides) rely on departmental knowledge,” said Guilford Guide Stephen Fails. “For example, I will have a student who will come to me and say that they are struggling with a certain class, so I need to refer them to the Learning Commons. I could also have a student say that they are struggling to make social connections with people and struggling to find things to be involved in. “I might tell them to see Tim Johnson, the director of Student Leadership and Engagement. Kind of redirect them to where they need to be so that they can find a solution to their problem. We are a first stop for many students in finding solutions to their problems. We act as the bridge between where they are and where they want to be.” In addition to connecting with clubs and tutoring services on campus, students can now go to Guilford Guides for academic and career advising. “I’ve used the Learning Commons a lot during my time here,” said senior Gillian Sherman. “In addition to tutoring,

I have also used the Guided Discovery because I am working on completing graduate school, so they have helped me a lot with that. I have also gone to the Bonner Center and I’ve done work for the Office of Student Leadership and Engagement. I’ve worked there for three years.” In addition to helping students, Guilford Guides can also help clubs collaborate to find solutions to various problems on campus. “One of the practices that is going to be very critical to ensure that people feel included here at Guilford is finding people whose causes and concerns overlap, and making sure that there will not be multiple messages or multiple groups that are trying to overcome the same problem,” said Fails. “That tends to cause more confusion rather than clarity when trying to solve a problem.” Guilford Guides also hold meetings to discuss the various concerns that students and campus organizations have. For example, some students would like to see clubs collaborate more to work towards solutions to issues on campus. “I would like to see more stuff about pursuing certain issues,” said junior Fletcher Brooks. “A lot of the time, collaboration between clubs is more for fun than it is for addressing or finding solutions to problems. The fun events are nice, but more work on addressing different problems would be good.” While there may be issues that are not currently being addressed by any clubs or organizations on campus, Guilford Guides can help students find other individuals or groups who have similar concerns or focuses.

“There’s been a lot of good inter-club organization and collaboration this year,” said Brooks. “There was an open mic night recently that the campus ministry and the Black Student Union worked together to put on. It was really good.” With increased collaboration between clubs, students have been able to come into contact with different groups on campus that they may not have been exposed to otherwise. “I think that the clubs do the best that they can,” said Sherman. “Some people complain about inclusivity, not because of the club itself but because people might not want to participate, so at the end of the day, it’s only certain groups of people who take part. I feel like there is a lot of opportunity to create a sense of community and inclusivity, we just need more people to want to take part in it.” As Guilford Guides work to increase communication between individuals on campus, as well as between different groups, more students will have the opportunity to get involved on campus with issues that are important to them. “Many groups, as we have discovered, are not communicating with each other,” said Fails. “Sometimes, there will be an individual or group that thinks they are the only one who is actively trying to overcome a problem, when there is already a group across campus who is doing that very thing. We need to consolidate and find groups of people who want to address a certain issue so that they can work together. “There is also power in numbers, so increasing that communication can help groups achieve their goals more effectively.”

Church Under the Bridge hosts Winter Drive By Navya Belavadi Staff Writer Since Tuesday, Nov. 20, Church Under the Bridge has been hosting a Winter Drive to collect warm clothing items for members of the Greensboro community who are experiencing homelessness. “A lot of people in the community don’t have warm clothes for the winter or much clothes at all,” said sophomore Fatima Hernandez, Computer Technology and Information Systems major. “We’re really trying to raise awareness, but at the same time, we’re at least making an impact on the people that we serve by providing basic necessities. It’s getting chilly and our hope is that everyone can have at least some warm clothes for the winter before we go on break.” There are donation bins in various locations around campus to make it convenient to contribute. “The biggest bins are in the lobby of Founders and King when you walk in,” said senior Alice Croom, Environmental Studies and Political Science double major. “While there are also smaller bins around residence halls, those are the ones we check more frequently.

We’re not really looking for specifics and we’ve had people that have dropped off just regular clothing. We do prefer winter clothing though because we give it directly every Saturday.” When it comes to winter clothes, CUB is accepting gently used clothes of all sizes. “We’re taking any warm winter clothes,” said CUB Co-Coordinator and junior philosophy major Fletcher Brooks. “So, jackets, gloves, scarves, socks, anything like that.” All donated clothes go to Church Under the Bridge, an organization which meets every Saturday at 201 Spring Garden St. “Every Saturday, we take leftover food from the cafeteria, box it up and prepare it and take it downtown along with any clothing donations or other projects that we’re working on at the time,” said Brooks. “We meet with a religious organization called 16 Cents Ministry, which is a group of congregations that started serving the population in Greensboro experiencing homelessness. A couple hundred people show up to the dinner service.” 16 Cents Ministries organizes these services and the Guilford College CUB members help volunteer. “In addition to participating in handing out food and giving people food, we also have

been bringing clothes along now that it’s cold,” said Croom. While the Church itself does a clothing drive, these members are hosting one on Guilford College to supplement it. “The Church does their own clothing drive and it seems like they have enough clothes for everyone as they usually bring a truckful,” said Croom. “But when you watch everyone looking for clothes their size, it doesn’t always match. Or, there might not be enough of hoodies and only a few will get them because they happen to be first in line. You can see that they are sad that they didn’t get the warmest of the clothing and you can tell that they don’t have any warm clothing.” The clothes are handed out directly to meet the immediate need of the homeless population as the weather gets colder. “We go there Saturday night and it’s already getting cold by 6, which is around the time we get there, so we wanted to help supplement that initiative as much as we could and provide as many warm clothes that we could,” said Croom. In addition to extending the length of the drive this year, CUB is looking forward to possible future initiatives.

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“We decided that we’re collecting a lot longer this year than we did last year,” said Croom. We started the beginning of November and are planning to go until the end of January, so it’s a very long drive. Hopefully that yields more and I think our leaders, Maria (Marin) and Fletcher (Brooks), will definitely host a reflection period after we close to look back on what we can do better in the future and how effective it was. Then we can plan for future projects.” Although the main goal of the Winter Drive is to collect warm clothing, CUB is also looking for personal hygiene items. “At the same time, we’re also collecting things like toothbrushes, toothpaste, travel-size shampoo, conditioner and feminine hygiene products,” said Brooks. Brooks hopes that the drive will have a positive impact on the Greensboro Community. “Hopefully, our impact will be short term alleviation of the dangers of living on the streets or not having consistent access to warmth,”said Brooks. “Also, we want to raise awareness about other issues and to find deeper, more long-term solutions. It’s one thing to do this every year, but it would be a great thing to not have to do it at all.”

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First-year Tucker Gamble gives a solo performance at the beginning of “I Wonder as I Wander”. // Photo by Ezra Weiss/The Guilfordian

December 7, 2018 9

The Guilford College Choir and LUMINA Treble Ensemble perform “I Wonder as I Wander” in Carnegie Hall. //Photo by Ezra Weiss/The Guilfordian

Community carols bring in holiday spirit By Zain Hameed Staff Writer As the smell of hot chocolate and the sound of carols fills the air Carnegie room, many members of the Guilford community are enjoying an evening of readings and carols. As the holiday season rolls around, Guilford is participating in a number of ways, one being the Evening of Reading and Carols on Sunday, Dec. 2, in which the Guilford College Choir, Lumina Treble Ensemble and Guilford Youth Chorus, as well as Guilford College Professors, participated. “As a quaker founded institution with deep Christian roots, I believe it is important to continue to tell and retell these stories,” said Director of the Friends Center Wess Daniels. “From different angles, perspectives and with new insights, but tell them all the same.” Many attendees said that the chosen collection of songs and readings was captivating and the voices of the performers blew the them away. Along with the performances themselves, the calming atmosphere of the Carnegie room was aimed to embody the feeling of community and holiday spirit that the event planners were trying to go for. The evening started off with the Guilford College Choir entering the room singing “O Come, O Come Emmanuel,” walking to the front of the room to finish their vocal piece. After a few more songs from the Choir, the Guilford Youth Chorus performed their own selection of songs. “It was really fun performing for you guys and I hope you liked it,” said Guilford Youth Chorus Member Luisa Coleman. Following the youth chorus, there were multiple readings of poetry and short pieces by various authors such as Kevin Young and Georg Trakl. Some of these readings discovered topics such down awareness and social justice in addition to the general holiday theme. There were also a few more religious pieces that were read inbetween the remaining songs sung by the college choir throughout the night. The Lumina Treble Ensemble then came out to sing a few songs, such as “The Angel,” before the finale. “I enjoyed singing. I’m glad that the College allows staff or even people that have retired to come and sing in the choir,” said Lumina

he Guilford Youth Chorus performs “This Little Light of Mine” in Carnegie Hall. //Photo by Ezra Weiss/The Guilfordian

Treble Ensemble Member Deborah Shaw. “I love the Carnegie room for a venue, it has very good acoustics and it’s just beautiful and has a very good feel.” The final song was a sing-along with the audience of “The First Nowell,” which ended

the night with high energies from the audience and performers involved in the event. “It was truly beautiful, it was really nice,” said Visiting Assistant Professor for Art Katie Collier. After the singing was over, attendees

gathered in a common area outside the Carnegie room to enjoy some hot chocolate and cookies to end the night. Although the event had officially ended, many attendees stayed to enjoy the refreshments and converse with each other.


The Guilfordian

December 7, 2018




Senior forward Marcus Curry drives to the basket against 22nd ranked University of Lynchburg on Dec. 5, 2018. //Photo by: Abigail Bekele/The Guilfordian

Quakers upsets undefeated Hornets

By Andrew Walker Sports and Web Editor Guilford College men’s basketball team has started its season with a 4-4 record. The team broke a two-game losing streak with an 82-79 upset victory over 22nd-ranked University of Lynchburg. The Hornets were undefeated coming into the contest. It was the first time since Jan. 22, 2012 that Guilford defeated a ranked opponent. Guilford led at halftime and kept ahead for most of the second half. During the second half, the lead extended to 13 points, but the Hornets came back and tied the game with a minute remaining. The game was tied with 32 seconds remaining until senior forward Marcus Curry made a three-pointer. After the Hotnets made a free-throw, Curry was fouled twice and made all four freethrows. Senior forward Connor Schroeder made a three-pointer to cut the Guilford lead to three with three seconds remaining before senior forward Carson Long sealed the victory with a free-throw. Junior forward Kyler Gregory scored a career-high 21 points and made 12-of-14 free-throws. Curry had 22 points and seven rebounds to help the team. Junior guard Jaylen Gore added in 11 and Long put up 14. The Quakers shot 83.9 percent from the free-throw line, making 26 of 31 attempts This season, three of the losses have been by three points or less. Guilford lost its first Old Dominion Athletic Conference game to Virginia Wesleyan

University in overtime, 80-77. The Quakers led with six seconds left in regulation before the Marlins tied it up. Gregory opened scoring in overtime with two free-throws and a jump shot. The Marlins’ junior winger Lamont Steward scored five in overtime to push the home to victory. Guilford won the f irst contest with N.C. Wesleyan before dropping the second matchup. A 60 percent shooting percentage from N.C. Wesleyan in the second half allowed the Battling Bishops to pull away from Guilford. Guilford’s offense is led by Curry with 17.3 points and 7.8 rebounds per game. Senior forward Carson Long averages 14.6 points Gregory adds in in 12.6 per game. Long leads the Quakers with 8.5 rebounds per game, which stands seventh in the ODAC. Sophomore guard Will Leckonby has come off the bench to average 2.2 three-pointers per game, which is eighth in the ODAC. Junior guard Jaylen Gore averages 8.6 points and 3.9 assists per game, top on the team and fifth in the ODAC. Gora is shooting 87.5 percent from the free-throw line, making 21 of his 24 attempts. Guilford will look to start a run of victories after the upset over Lynchburg. The team will play Shenandoah University on Dec. 8 and Berry College on Dec. 18 before returning home to play the Guilford College Classic starting Dec. 29. The Quakers play a rematch with Greensboro Guilford College players defend against the University of Lynchburg offense. The Hornets shot 43.1 College on Dec. 29 and face Muskingum percent from the field, including 10-of-32 from the three-point line.//Photo by:Abigail Bekele/The Guilfordian University on Dec. 30.

Fresh faces step up for women’s basketball By DElaney Martin Staff Writer In the 2017-2018 season, the Guilford College women’s basketball team placed fourth in the Old Dominion Athletic Conference, finishing the season with a record of 11-5. This season, however, has proved much more difficult for the Quakers whose record is currently 5-3 overall and 3-1 in the conference, earning them the second spot in ODAC rankings. The Quakers began their season with a conference win against Roanoke College followed by close losses against Greensboro College, Emory University and Virginia Wesleyan University. The team had victories against Roanoke College and Salem College. Head Coach Stephanie Flamini, is excited about the mix of new faces on the court this year and is hopeful for seasons ahead. “We have returners that weren’t expecting to take leadership roles yet and due to other circumstance have had to. They are trying to work through how and what that looks like for them earlier than expected,” said Flamini. “We have

a lot of new faces that are right out of high school that have been put in starting roles and have to step up with a lack of college experience which they are now about to get this season. The lumps we take this year will pay off in the next three years. Unfortunately, we have to go through this to get better. I have dealt with this before when building a program.” For junior center Rachel Lippert, the team is showing resilience even in the face of defeat. “Through tough losses I think the team has remained steadfast in their perseverance to problem solve after a defeat,” said Lippert. “Going over film, working on skill sets needed to be a winning program and being patient with the growth of a young team.” In past seasons, the women’s basketball team has been a strong program boasting a roster full of experienced players. This year, the team seems to be undergoing a transition, helping newer players to adjust to the program. “We have had a very strong program where (first-years) typically don’t play or if they do, they have a very experienced group around them helping them through their first year,” Flamini said. This season’s team boasts strong players, including junior

forward Miracle Walters, who averages 14.5 points every game. Walters is joined by sophomore guard Calyn Davis who averages 9.9 points per game and first-year guard Lindsay Gauldin with 9.5. Gauldin also averages 9.3 rebounds per game and has had five games with at least 10 rebounds. However, despite these initial troubles, the team still hopes to place highly in the ODAC Conference. The team has a history of placing highly in the conference. In the 2017-2018 season, the team placed fourth, and in 2016-2017, the team placed first. The Quakers are currently averaging 57.6 points per game, a strong place to begin the season. Davis is hopeful for the season and conference play. “The team’s most notable success so far, was beating Roanoke in our f irst game of the season,” said Davis. “Being able to pick up an ODAC win in our first game of the year was huge.” For the rest of the season, Flamini and the team intend to work hard. “Our goal every day is to improve. That is it,” Flamini said. The Quakers play again Saturday, Dec. 8 at Bridgewater College, and at home on Friday, Dec. 14 against Meredith College.

The Guilfordian

December 7, 2018 | 11



Sophomore Asa Bell shows work ethic on and off track By KJ Dorsey Staff Writer While in college, it’s hard for student-athletes to extend their time between sports, academics and social life. For the ones that can like sophomore Asa Bell being well-rounded and versatile allows him to clear hurdles on the path to success. Since 2017, Bell has been a part of Guilford’s track and field team. He has competed in over 15-meets as a sprinter. Before attending Guilford, Bell held multiple records at Friends Central School in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Outside of track and field, Bell is a member of the CNC step team. As a member of the CNC step team, he along with other students, compete in step shows and performances against other colleges. “CNC step team is about incorporating culture on campus in the form of dance,” said teammate and junior Jeremiah Hedricks. For Bell, the CNC step team is more than a club. “CNC has showed me so many things about myself, and how you see yourself isn’t accurate,” said Bell. “Practicing a step for a week, then seeing it in a mirror and thinking, ‘Wow, that’s not at all what I thought I looked like doing this.’” Besides being a part of the CNC step team, Bell has been working with the Campus Activities Board and works in the sports information office.

With his work ethic in track and field, Bell is becoming a disciplined student-athlete and it’s this drive and commitment that brought him to Guilford College. “He is focused and direct he is a natural born leader,” said Assistant Track and Field Coach Marla Lindsay. “His ability to take a complex situation and solve it is something I admire about him.” Bell’s sports career dates back to his kindergarten days. “I started playing soccer when I was five years old, but I did not start running track until my sophomore year of high school. I had done small club track when I was about 10 or 11, but soccer was my main sport at the time and I only did two seasons of club track,” said Bell. Sports was only part of the reason he came to Guilford. “I chose Guilford because I was very interested in the soccer and music programs, and after playing soccer and running track for a year my schedule could not accommodate for anything but track,” said Bell. “I was recruited to do ID camps at George Mason University and Swarthmore College for soccer that gives coaches a chance to recruit multiple athletes at once. That garnered interest from a few schools near where I lived.” Bell is talented on and off the field. Aside from sports, he is a producer and to some of his friends he is referred to as “Abu.” “I am a musician, so in my free time I like to produce and make beats,” said Bell. “But in addition to that I enjoy cooking food, I don’t know if I’m that good but I like to Sophomore Asa Bell poses for a photo.//Photo by Abigail Bekele/ do it anyway.” The Guilfordian

Despite record, football sees highlights By Andrew Walker Sports and Web Editor The Guilford College football ended this season with a 3-6 record, the least number of wins in a season since 2011. “Obviously, record doesn’t go as well as you hope,” sai head coach Chris Rusiewicz. “You want to win them all.” The season was hurt by the lack of depth on the team. When the starters went down, the players that had to come in did not have much experience. “We were young, we didn’t have a whole lot of depth other than new (first-years) coming in, “ said Rusiewicz. “So there was some challenges with that.” The offense had many returning faces from last year, including redshirt senior running back De’Eric Bell. Bell once again led the offense as he broke almost all of the Guilford College rushing records for a season and career. Bell stands fifth in the NCAA Division III history with 8,369 all-purpose yards. This season, Bell is leading Division III in all-purpose yards per game with 239.89. Bell broke the colege’s single-season records in rushing yards (1334), rushing touchdowns (18), 100-yard rushing games (seven), scoring (128) and touchdowns (21). Bell holds Guilford career records in rushing

yards (4,213), rushing touchdowns (53), all-purpose yards (8,396), scoring (366), touchdowns (63) and kickoff return yardage (2,217). His 53 rushing touchdowns is 30 more than second-place Josh Schow ’15. Bell was named to the All-ODAC First Team and All-South Region First Team. He is the second three-time All-South pick in college history. The best game for the Quakers was Senior Day against Washington and Lee University. The 40-3 victory was a complete domination on offense and defense. The defense held the Generals’ triple-option offense to 183 yards of total offense and forced five turnovers. The Guilford offense was in stride and had 484 total yards that game. “Our offense went out there and played probably almost as perfect as you can get. Obviously a couple of turnovers in there,” said Rusiewicz. “I think the way the defense responded from the Davidson (College) game, which ran the same offense, to a game like that where they held an opponent to under 200 yards and an All-America running back to 19 yards.” The Guilford defense struggled this season in holding opponents to low scores. They allowed 46.6 points, 243rd in Division III, and 522.9 yards per game, 245th in the Division II. “When you have that many (new) guys out in your secondary,” said Rusiewicz. “You’re trying to play a system where you’re trying to man up

and trying to do some things in zone, mental breakdowns can happen, people can take advantage of the passing game on us, which is where they got us.” The defense was anchored by redshirt sophomore linebacker Bryce Smith. He had 105 tackles on the season including 10 tackles for loss. He averaged 9 solo tackles per game, which makes him tied for first in NCAA Division III. He earned a spot on the All-ODAC First Team and third team All-South Region. “I think for the most part I was happy with my performance game in and game out,” said Smith. “Coming off an ACL injury, getting my confidence back was major for me at the beginning of the year, then it felt as if every game it got easier when I started to get comfortable on the field.” Junior defensive end Jarrod Russ anchored the defensive line for the Quakers. He had an ODAC-leading 7.5 sacks in seven appearances. He had 29 tackles and 12 tackles for loss. Russ was named to the All-ODAC First Team. His 3.5 sacks against Methodist University earned him ODAC Defensive Player of the Week and was named to the Team of the Week. “When (Russ is) playing in a football game, that helps your pass defense,” said Rusiewicz. “When he’s out of a game, that’s not going to help your pass defense because you’re not getting that edge rush.”

Junior safety Jeremiah Hedrick and senior offensive tackle Matt Ingram were named to the All-ODAC Second Team. Junior wide receiver Juwan Houston, junior defensive tackle J.T. Carmichael and offensive tackle Emory Lyndon received All-ODAC Third Team honorees. The team won three of the four games this season at home, but they lost all five away games. The last away win came on Oct. 28, 2017 at Bridgewater College. Guilford’s offense averaged 526.2 yards per game, fourth in Division III. Sophomore quarterback Alex Manley passed for 2,354 yards with 17 touchdowns. Manley had a 49.8 pass completion percentage, completing 149 of 299 attempts. He threw 13 interceptions on the season and a 126.0 efficiency rating. Manley also had 401 yards and four touchdowns on the ground. Manley stands sixth in Division III in passing yards per completion with 15.80. Houston and senior wide receiver Montek Johnson led the receiving group with 604 receiving yards and four touchdowns. The Guilford offensive line allowed only 1.22 sacks per game, which is 34th in Division III. Four of the five starting lineman return for next year. “With all the experience our guys got, we’re going to be very junior and sophomore heavy next year with a great group of seniors,” said Ruisewicz.

Sports Calendar WOMEN’S BASKETBALL Dec. 14, 6:00 p.m. vs. Meredith @ Ragan-Brown Field House

MEN’S BASKETBALL Dec. 29, 4:00 p.m. vs. Greensboro @ Ragan-Brown Field House MEN’S BASKETALL Dec. 30, 4:00 p.m. vs. Muskingum @ Ragan-Brown Field House

The Guilfordian

12 |December 7, 2018



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Events & More 7



Tweetsie Christmas Tweetsie Railroad 5 p.m. – 10 p.m. A Christmas Carol James Fitzpatrick Auditorium 7 p.m. – 9 p.m.



Abigail Abantohollans| Andrew Walker |

Executive Copy Editor

Lana Heltzel|

Photo Editor

Abigail Bekele|

Web Editor

Andrew Walker|

Business Manager

SUN McLaurin Farms Christmas Lights McLaurin Farms 6 p.m. – 8 p.m.

Sheets Pets Clinic Cat Adoption Fair Sheets Pet Clinic 1 p.m.- 4:30 p.m.

Songs of Light and Wonder Triad Stage 2 p.m.- 3:30 p.m.




Breakfast with Santa The Reeves Theater & Cafe 9 a.m.- 11:30 p.m.





Yoga for Runners Fleet Feet High Point 7:15 p.m. – 8:15 p.m. ZUMBA Break N Out Dance Studio 9 a.m.- 10 a.m.


Christmas at the Library Billy Graham Library 5 p.m.

Winter Show 2018 GreenHill 12 p.m.- 7 p.m.

Art and Wellness Class GreenHill 5:30 p.m.- 8:30 p.m.

Songs from a Southern Kitchen Lucky 32 Southern Kitchen 6 p.m.- 9 p.m.

Movie Afternoon Asheboro Public Library 4 p.m. - 5:15 p.m.

The Polar Express N.C. Transportation Center 4 p.m. - 8:30 p.m.

Finn Williamson|

Sports Editor

See your event here Email information to:

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Faculty Advisor

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Staff Writers Elliot Rodden Jake Ramsaur Nate Williams Janavi Mehta Kiran Soma Ayesha Tahirkheli Anna Gamez Jasmin Whitsett


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Photographers Andrew Walker Saber Chadili

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Copy Editors Ramya Mulugu Jenni Camhi

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Writing Photography Layout Videography Web Design Join the Copy Editing Guilfordian Cartooning No writing, design or photo/video experience required

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Changes made to Study Abroad / page 2 Poroshenko condemns Russia / page 4 ‘The Grinch’ is back / page 6 Guilford Guides introduced for students / page 8 Asa Bell shows work ethic on and off track / page 11

The Guilfordian Volume 105 Issue 11  
The Guilfordian Volume 105 Issue 11