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to hundreds. Despite the beauty of the flowers, it is an aggressive vine or creeper that is capable of completely covering trees - smothering and killing large areas of forest. The death of the trees results in less food and habitat for wildlife, such as the island’s endangered native birds. Chain of love is a classic example of an invasive plant that poses a serious threat to all the island’s flora.


Summary The history of Guahan can be summarized by the examples of the following plants. Endemic orchids and seeded breadfruit or dokdok were among the early and unique plants to develop on the island (Table 1). Birds and waves brought the seeds of indigenous plants, such as beach mahogany or da’ok and iron wood or gagu (Table 2). Chamorro voyagers carried taro or suni, yam or dagu, breadfruit or lemmai, banana or chotda, coconut or niyok, and, most intriguing, rice or fa’i to the island shores (Table 3). Spanish colonists introduced many fruits and vegetables, such as chile pepper or donne’ and pineapple or pina (Table 4). Americans brought in tangantangan to reforest the WW II battle fields, but is now a wide spread, invasive weed tree (Table 5). Chain of love or kadena de amor is an aggressive, invasive vine that now threatens many of the plants described in this paper.


Tables Table 1. Endemic plants or plants unique to Guahan and neighboring Mariana Islands. COMMON

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seeded breadfruit


Artocarpus mariannensis

torch wood


Bikkia tetrandra

coral tree


Erythrina variegata



Pandanus tectorius

wild orchid

siboyas halomtano

Bulbophyllum guamense

2 Topping 3


2nd Marianas History Conference 2013 ・ !261

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MHC2: Art, Culture and Science  

MHC2: Art, Culture and Science  

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