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High-Performance Metal Strip Automotive • Aerospace • Electronics • Power Generation • Oil & Gas

Innovative & Advanced Metallurgical Technology

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Putting Metal Strip Technology to Work for You.

AMETEK Grades High Purity AME 270-889A AME200-999L AME201-889D

Dispersed Phase AME 205-889E AME 205-889D AME225-899G

Industry Equivalents

Alloy Name

N02270 N02200/201 N02200/201

Nickel Strip

N02205/233 N02205/201 N02205

For the most alloy variations of any metal strip producer, depend on AMETEK Specialty Metal Products for large

936 942 946

and small lot sizes. Our tightly controlled powder metallurgy chemistries

948 952 Others available

Alloy 36 (InvarTM) Alloy 48 Alloy 42 Alloy 52 Alloy 46

Nickel Iron Strip

515 (SEALVARTM) 1

F-15 (KOVARTM & RODARTM)

Iron Nickel Cobalt Strip

891 (Ni9%W) 886 (Ni14%W) Others Available

———

Nickel Tungsten

———

Cobalt Strip

Available in Co, Ni, NiFe, and other alloys

———

Weld Wire

377 (PFINODAL) 388 (Spinodal)

C729 C72650

Copper-Nickel-Tin-Alloy (PFINODAL and Spinodal alloys)

FeAl

———

Iron Aluminide

900B

HP Iron

High-purity Iron

yield low impurities and low levels of surface oxides. Combined with high-quality slit edges & surface conditions, tight thickness & width tolerance capabilities, there’s an AMETEK strip alloy that is ideal for any application where heat, corrosion and stress resistance are top concerns. At AMETEK, our technical expertise, combined with competitive pricing and outstanding service, make us your single source for metal strip alloys.

Ductile Cobalt 580 591 595

The Grades You Need. The Quality You Expect. AMETEK Specialty Metal Products offers the most alloy variations of any strip producer. Our technical expertise,

High Purity Cobalt 599

tightly controlled chemistry and high-quality production make our standard and customized formulations ideal for any application where heat, corrosion and stress resistance are necessary. AMETEK strip comes in a wide range of thicknesses, widths, coil sizes and temper ranges.

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SEALVARTM is an AmetekTM Alloy

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Description

Advantages

AMETEK’s 899 Series Is an extremely high-purity strip that can be formed welded, soldered, or plated better than traditional melt or cast nickel products, offering major advantages to the rechargable battery industry.

• Highest degree of electrical conductivity • Lowest electrical resistivity available in pure nickel strip • Homogeneity, microcleanliness, and close composition control to enhance weldability • Low levels of surface oxides to reduce die wear and provide excellent solderability • Excellent formability

AMETEK high-purity 936, 942, 946, 948, 952 alloys for glass to metal seals in electron tubes, transistors, headlights, thermostats, and similar applications. Other nickel/iron variations can be made at the customer’s request.

• Controlled chemistry ensures superior glass sealing characteristics • Thermal expansion and magnetic properties are consistent • Low levels of surface oxides reduce die wear • Low gas content reduces possibility of out gassing over time

SEALVAR (Alloy F-15), AMETEK’s nickel iron cobalt strip, is a high quality alloy used primarily for hermetic seals with harder glasses and ceramics (lids for hybrid packages). SEALVAR is distinguished from competitive F-15 alloy used by its higher purity, more closely controlled chemistry, and very low carbon level.

• Reproducibly low level of reactive impurity elements • Low carbon; 0.01% maximum; 0.004 nominal • Higher electrical and thermal conductivity • Lower softening point

Ideal for superconducting tape substrate applications.

• Reducing magnetism • Currently up to 25% tungsten • Other nickel tungsten blends available

Ductile cobalt in strip form is used for base welding rods and deep draw applications. It also is used as a catalyst for synthetic diamond production. AMETEK 599 is the highest purity cobalt strip available in the United States. Applications include cobalt 60 gamma radiation sources, anodes for electroplating, high-temperature magnetic applications, and X-ray tube targets. Large oscillating reels (up to 480 lbs.) used by weld wire producers in place of smaller pancake coils. Roughly 7 coils per reel. Standard size range is 0.007” to 0.020” thick by 0.900” wide. AMETEK 377 PFINODAL (C729) competes with beryllium-copper for many electrical applications where high strength and excellent formability without dimensional instability are required. AMETEK 388 Spinodal (C72650) offers high conductivity and strength for connectors, sockets, bearings, and switches.

Developed for high-temperature applications.

AMETEK 900B (low carbon) strip for magnetic applications.

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• Excellent ductility and formability • Ductile strip has more than double the elongation value of high-purity cobalt strip

• Cost savings from using smaller pancake coils.

• High strength and excellent formability without dimensional instability • Highly resistant to shrinkage and warpage- up to 10x more than BeCu • Excellent solderability and resistance to intermetallic formation at high temperature • Excellent corrosion resistance and ease of cleaning • Lower initial cost and processing cost savings • High conductivity (Spinodal 388) • High hardness • Excellent oxidation resistance • Good high-temperature creep resistance • Low density (6gm/cc) • Low carbon (<100ppm) • Very high purity

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High-Purity Nickel Strip For High-Performance Applications

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES (typical handbook values for pure nickel)

AMETEK high-purity nickel strip is ideal for a wide range of electronics applications, including: • Transistor cans • Vacuum tubes • Lead frames • Washers/seals • Eyelets • Superconductor • Rechargeable Batteries ®

Ni 270

AME200-899L

Ni 200/201

AME201-899M

Ni 200/201

AME233-899D

Ni 233

AME201-899E

Ni 201

AME205-899G

Ni 205

COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR EXPANSION (IN./IN./°C) 20-100° C 0.000014 20-200° C 0.000014 20-500° C 0.000015 20-700° C 0.000016

CRYSTAL STRUCTURE f.c.c.

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY 22.6% IACS

AMETEK’s product line and industry equivalents are:

ATOMIC RADIUS (A) 1.25

YOUNG’S MODULUS, E, PSI X 10-6 30.1

Our high-purity nickel strip offers these advantages: • Excellent solderability and reduced die wear due to low levels of surface oxides • Low softening point enhanced by clean surface chemistry • Improved formability resulting from low mechanical directionality • Low work hardening rate • Excellent deep draw characteristics • Grain growth resistance

AME270-899A

DENSITY AT 70° F 8.90 g/cc; 0.322 lb./cu.in.

ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY AT 20° C microhm, cm: 7.63 ohms/cir. mil./ft. 45.9 THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY cal./cm.2/sec. °C/cm. at 70° C: 0.206 B.T.U./ft.2/hr./°F/ft. at 158° C: 49.9 TEMPERTURE COEFFICIENT OF ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY 20-100° C/°C 0.0058 20-500° C/°C 0.0074 20-800° C/°C 0.0060 ATOMIC NUMBER 28

LATTICE CONSTANT “a” (A) 3.52 MELTING POINT 1,453° C; 2,647°F LATENT OF HEAT FUSION 73.8 cal./g. SPECIFIC HEAT AT 20° C-B.T.U./lb./°F 0.105 ELECTRODE POTENIAL 0.25 volts VELOCITY OF SOUND 16,300 ft./sec.; 4,973 m/sec. POISSON’S RATIO 0.31 THERMAL NEUTRON CROSS SECTION (BARNS) Absorption: 4.6 Scattering: 17.5 CURIE TEMPERATURE 353° C; 665° F

ATOMIC WEIGHT 58.1

MAGNETIC PROPERTIES (typical handbook values for pure nickel) CURIE TEMPERATURE 353° C; 665° F

SATURATION INDUCTION, GAUSS (B) 6050

INITIAL PERMEABILITY 130

REMANENCE, GAUSS (B) 3250

MAXIMUM PERMEABILITY 124

COERCIVITY, OERSTEDS (H) 3.0

Chemical Composition in Percent (Maximum values except where noted otherwise) 899A 899L 899M HIGH PURITY Nickel-Nominal 99.97(a) 99.8 99.6 C-Nominal 0.005 0.005 0.005 C 0.02 0.02 0.02 Si 0.001 0.001 0.001 Mn 0.001 0.07 0.25 S 0.001 0.001 0.001 Cu 0.001 0.005 0.005 Fe 0.005 0.05 0.05 Sn – – – Mg – – – Equivalent NO2270 NO2200 NO2200 NO2201 NO2201

899D 899E 899G DISPERSED PHASE 99.6 99.5 99.6 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.25 0.25 .002-.042 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.005 0.01 0.05 0.05 0.05 – 0.10 – 0.035 0.0035 .006-.014 NO2233 NO2201 NO2205

ASTM B-162; UNS NO2200 NO2233 – – – – 0.15 0.15 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.10 0.01 0.008 0.25 0.10 0.40 0.10 – – – 0.10

(a) This is a minimum not nominal value.

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Nickel-Iron Alloy Strip At AMETEK Specialty Metal Products, our nickel-iron alloy systems are gas-free special combinations of metals that have expansion rates comparable to those of ceramic materials, including glasses. Our nickel-iron alloy systems are prefect for electronics, automotive and aerospace applications requiring glass-to-metal seals in: • Electron tubes • Headlights • Transistors • Thermostats AMETEK nickel-iron alloys are available in large coils rolled to close tolerances. Thicknesses range from 0.002” to 0.080” and can be manufactured in widths of up to 14”. The most significant benefits of 936, 942, 946, 948 and 952 alloys are: • Low out-gassing probability due to low gas content • Consistent thermal expansion and magnetic properties help to ensure high levels of performance • Reduced die wear due to low levels of surface oxides • Superior glass sealing characteristics due to controlled chemistry AMETEK’s product line and industry equivalents include: 936 942 946 948 952

Alloy 36 (InvarTM) Alloy 42 Alloy 46 Alloy 48 Alloy 52

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION - NOMINAL 936 Alloy

942 Alloy

946 Alloy

948 Alloy

952 Alloy

Nickel (Ni) Manganese (Mn) Carbon (C) Iron (Fe)

41.0 0.2 0.005 Balance

46.0 0.2 0.005 Balance

47.5 0.2 0.005 Balance

50.5 0.2 0.005 Balance

36.0 0.1 0.005 Balance

The total of all other impurities is less than 0.4.

MECANICAL PROPERTIES - As Annealed

936 Alloy

942 Alloy

946 Alloy

948 Alloy

952 Alloy

Tensile Strength, psi Yield Strength, psi Elongation in 2” Hardness, Vickers Elastic Modulus, psi x 106

65,000 38,000 35 130

68,000 36,000 30 125-140

70,000 32,000 30-35 120-135

71,000 34,000 30-35 120-135

72,000 36,000 35 120-130

20.5

21

23

23

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Pfinodal’s Consistent, Reproducible Properties Make It Ideal for Strength & Corrosion Resistance

14.5-15.5%

Tin

7.5-8.5%

Copper

Balance

Copper and Named Elements

99.9%

Other Elements

0.1% Max.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PFINODAL C72900 Electrical Conductivity at 68° F (20°C) 7.8 Electrical Conductivity at 392° F (200°C) 7.3 Thermal Capacity (Specific Heat) 0.09 (30x103) Thermal Conductivity 17 29 Coefficient of Therman Expansion 9.1x10_6 16.4x10_6 Modulus of Elasticity (Tension) 18.5x106 (127x103) Modulus of Rigidity 7.5x106 (52x103) Density 0.323 (8.95)

Regardless of whether your application is in electronics, oil & gas production, chemicals or food processing, or anything else, Pfinodal® parts can withstand highly corrosive environments without pitting. Pfinodal meets NACE MRO175 corrosion resistance standards and has the micro-structure properties to perform under the most adverse conditions.

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% IACS % IACS Btu/lb.° at 68° (J/Kg K) Btu/ft•Hr•°F at 68° w/m. °k. at 20°C Per °F, 68°F - 572°F Per °C, 20°C - 200°C psi (MPa) psi (MPa) lb./in.3 (gm/cc)

DIMENSIONAL CHANGES PFINODAL AND BeCu DURING AGE HARDENING

.05 SHRINKAGE (PERCENT)

Pfinodal’s key benefits include: • Consistent, reproducible properties • Excellent resistance to high temperatures & corrosive environments • High strength & hardness • Non-galling & non-seizing • Excellent machinability • Can be welded, soldered & brazed • Tightly controlled micro-structure, and chemistry with no segregation • High lubricity • Non-sparking • Non-toxic • No fixturing required when heat-treating parts (i.e., no distortion)

Nickel

PFINODAL

.10 BeCu

.15 .20 .25

Note: 0 - 40% cw. Longiudinal and Transverse Directions Both Allows Aging Temperature: Pfinodal – 700°F (371°C) BeCu – 600°F (316°C)

0

30

60

90

120

TIME AT AGING TEMPERATURE (minutes)

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AM 388TM Alloy Combines High Strength & Conductivity in Electronics Applications

SPECIFICATIONS CHEMICAL COMPOSITION (WEIGHT %) Nickel: 7.0 - 8.0% Tin: 4.5-5.5% Other Elements: 0.5% maximum Copper: Balance PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Electical Conductivity at 68° F (20° C): 15.5

Copper base Spinodal alloy (AM 388™ – C72650) is ideal for contacts in connectors, sockets and light switches.

Modulus of Elasticity: 18 x 106 psi (12 x 103 MPa) Density: 0.32 lb/in3 (8.87 gm/cc)

Spinodal’s advantages include: • Easy formability • No distortion during aging • No fixturing required • Excellent solderability at high temperatures (over 400˚F (200˚C)) • Outstanding stress resistance • Excellent corrosion resistance • Low initial cost and low processing costs

90° MINIMUM BEND REATION vs. 0.2% YIELD STRENGTH FOR MILL HARDENED AM 388 6

AMETEK’s product line, and industry equivalents, are:

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377 (Pfinodal)

C729

388

C72650

180° MINIMUM BEND RATION (R/t)

Spinodal is available in mill-hardened or age-hardenable tempers, and comes in fine grain sizes.

4 3 2 1 0

Good Way Bad Way

60 413

80 551

100 689

120 827

140 965

160 1102

(ksi) (Mpa)

0.2% YIELD STRENGTH

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SEALVAR® F-15 Alloy Nickel-Iron-Cobalt Strip

SPECIFICATIONS

SEALVAR 515 is the highest-quality nickel-iron-cobalt strip. Used primarily for making hermetic sales with harder glasses and ceramics, SEALVAR’s high purity, closely controlled chemistry and low carbon level distinguish it from competitors’ products.

Specific Heat: cal./gm/°C@0°C: 0.105 cal/gm/°C@430°C: 0.155

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES Melting Point: 1450°C Curie Point: 435°C

Heat of Fusion: 64 cal/gm Vapor Pressure: 10-2 microns@1000°C Transormation Point: Gamma to Alpha Phase: Below-80°C

SEALVAR’s advantages include: • Improved die wear, plating, soldering and cladding • Predictable rate of oxidation • Predictable response to chemical surface treatments • Lower work hardening rate AMETEK’s product and industry equivalent are:

Specific Gravity: 8.20 gm/cm3 Thermal Conductivity: 148 BTU-in/hr-ft2-°F@100°F Electrical Resistivity: 45.7 106-ohm-cm@25°C MECHANICAL PROPERTIES Ultimate Tensile Strength: 73,000 psi Yield Strength: 50,000 0.2% offset psi Elongation: 30-35% in 2”

515 (SealvarTM) 1 1

F-15 (KovarTM & RodarTM)

SEALVARTM is an AmetekTM Alloy

Modulus of Elasticity: 18.0 x 106 psi Vickers Hardness: 150-160 DPH

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

SEALVAR

ASTM F 15-78 (83)

Ni (nominal) Co (nominal) Mn (max.) Si (max.) C (max.) Al (max.) Mg (max.) Zr (max.) Ti (max.) Cu (max.) Cr (max.) Mo (max.) Fe

31.5 15.0 0.07 0.05 0.01 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.05 0.05 0.001 Balance

29.0* 17.0* 0.5 0.2 0.04 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 Balance*

* The iron, nickel and cobalt requirements listed are nominal. They shall be adjusted by manufacturer so that the allow meets the requirements for coefficient of thermal expansion.

THERMAL EXPANSION - ANNEALED SEALVAR AVERAGE LINEAR COEFFICIENT TEMPERATURE RANGE

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THERMAL EXPANSION (cm/cm/°Cx10-6)

IN/IN/°F x106

30 - 400°C

4.60 - 5.20

2.6 - 2.9

30 - 450°C

5.10 - 5.50

2.8 - 3.1

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High-Purity Cobalt Strip AMETEK’s high-purity and ductile cobalt strip (580, 589, 595 and 599 alloys) are available in annealed condition, as well as in varying degrees of cold reduction. Our cobalt strip is available in coils ranging from 55 to 150 lbs., and is ideal for: • High-temp magnetic and catalytic applications • X-ray tube targets • Electroplating anodes • Fine weld wire For large oscillated reels (up to 480 lbs.) instead of small pancake coils, consider our weld wire continuous strip contains “InvisiweldsTM,��� or high-strength functional welds developed by cold reduction of coils after joining. AMETEK weld wire is available in Co, Ni, and NiFe and other alloy compositions. AMETEK’s product line includes: Ductile Cobalt

High-Purity Cobalt

580, 591, 595

599

PROPERTIES OF ANNEALED COBALT STRIP – Typical Ultimate Tensile Strength

110,000 psi

Elongation in 2 inches

66%

Hardness

150 DPH

STANDARD TOLERANCES Thickness

+ 5%

Width

Over 1 inch + 0.005 inch

Under 1 inch + 0.003 inch

Special tolerances on request.

PHYSICAL CONSTANTS OF COLBALT Density Atomic No. Atomic Weight Melting Point Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion Near 68°F (20°C) Electrical Resistivity Electrical Conductivity Modulus of Elasticity in Tension

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8.85 gm/cc 27 58.94 2723°F (1495°C) 7.66 microinches per inch per °F (13.8 microinches per inch per °C) 6.24 microhm/cm 27.6% IACS 30 x 10 psi

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Notes __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________

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AMETEK Specialty Metal Products located in Wallingford, CT is an established producer of metal strip, wire, fully dense components, and composite products using wrought powder metallurgy and other technologies. For more than a quarter of a century, Specialty Metal Products has been developing innovative, proprietary alloying techniques, adding valuable mechanical and metallurgical qualities to its strip, wire and other products. They produce more alloy variations through powder metallurgy than any other producer in the world. All of its products are tailored for specific applications. Our production facility (above) for strip and shaped wire is located in Wallingford, CT. AMETEK Specialty Metal Products is a unit of AMETEK, Inc. (NYSE: AME), a $2.0 billion dollar global manufacturer of electronic instruments and electro-mechanical devices with over 70 planets worldwide.

Innovative & Advanced Metallurgical Technology

Specialty Metal Products Locations: U.S. 21 Toelles Road P.O. Box 5807 Wallingford, CT 06492 Tel: 203-265-6731 Fax: 203-294-0196 ryan.smith@ametek.com

U.S. Route 519 P.O. Box 427 Eighty Four, PA 15330 Tel: 724-225-8400 Fax: 724-225-6622 dick.mason@ametek.com

AMETEK China AMETEK Singapore Room 408, Metro Tower Private Ltd. No. 30 Tianyaoqiao Rd. 10 Ang Mo Kio Street 65 Shanghai, China 200030 05-12 Techpoint, Singapore 569059 Tel: 86-21-64268111 Tel: 011-65-6-484-2388 Fax: 86-21-64267054 Fax: 011-65-6-481-6588 benny.lam@ametek.com.sg benny.lam@ametek.com.sg

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