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Yi Zhang Portfolio 2019 - 2020 M.S. Architecture & Urban Design Introduction 1. Sharing Green Economy Port & Industries / Ecology / Resiliency / Post-disaster Recovery 2. Drive Less Life Transportation / Decarbonization / Urban Systems / Climate Change 3. Manufacturing Public Spaces Civic Space / Industrial Recovery

yz3660@columbia.edu


CONTENTS Spring 2020 Sharing Green Economy

Fall 2019 Drive-Less Life

Summer 2019 Manufacturing Public Spaces

01


Spring 2020 UD Design Studio

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

SHARING GREEN ECONOMY

Rotterdam

Bristol

Miami

Private Sector-Led Diversified Local Industries

Lisbon

Barcelona

Misrata

Recovery Dubai

The port of Beira is a major economic asset for Mozambique. As a link between the global shipping

Cayman Islands

Mumbai

Shanghai

Panama

and the interior of Sub-Saharan Africa, while the port benefits from Beira’s strategic location. This project

Singapore

Libreville

is imagining how the port could do more to benefit the people of Beira, empowering the local economy,

+ Beira

ecology, and community!

Port Louis

Mozambique

What if the port could be redesigned to build long-term Cape Town

economic resilience for future generations by: - Promoting diversified and regenerative local industries.

- Providing better jobs and training opportunities for Beirans.

- Balancing port infrastructure with thriving, adaptive

Roadways

ecosystems.

Railways

Design Team

Beira Corridor

+

Latitude & Longtitude

Export

Port of Beira

Cities

Shipping Routes

Cities Trading with Beira

Import

Annie Wu ,Chris Zheng, Yi (Isabelle) Zhang, Mansoo Han,Ritchie Ju

N

0

1100 miles

Beira Trading Network 02

03


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

BEIRA AS AN UNIQUE PORT CITY Bridging the Local and

Shipping Containers

Global

Global Economy

Ships

Rotterdam

Bristol

The future Port of Beira will

Barcelona Miami

Lisbon

harness global connectivity

Heraklion

Capitals

Misrata

$ £€¥

for local benefit. The water Dubai

Cayman

that connects Beira to the

Mumbai

Antigua and Barbuda

Yokohama Shanghai Ningbo

St Vincent and the Grenadines

world will bring prosperity to local communities and

Singapore

Libreville

ecosystems. As the port reaches out to the world,

+Beira

canals (corridors of bluegreen infrastructure and

Toamasina Port Louis Portland

industry) will stretch into the

Cape Town

city. Industries along these corridors will provide food, energy, and job security to Beirans.

The port bridging the global and local economy

Beira

Mangroves

Industries

5 Years Boats

10 Years

15 Years

5 Years

10 Years

+

Salt-tolerant Rice

15 Years

Mangrove Eco-system

1 Months

Local

2.5 Months 4 Months

Fish

3 Months

04

6 Months

12 Months

05


Portfolio 2019 - 2020 FORMATION OF THE CITY Beira forms from the water Pungwe River Basin

of the river and sea. The accumulation of sediments

Nyanga Inyangani Pungwe Gorge

from the Pungwe River

Great Rife Valley

Revue Valley

supports the thriving of the

Beira

city and mangrove colonies

ea n

Cu rre nt

Fresh Wate r&S edime nts

Oc

surrounding the city.

Project Site

Hydrographic Systemand Sedimentation Current Shorelines Shoreline In 1984 Shoreline In Formatting New Shallow Water Islands Since 1984 Areas Of Erosion Direction Of Erosion

N

0

1 mile

Beira Corridor Connections Roadways Railways

Beira Corridor Pungwe River Basin

Great Rife Valley Port Of Beira

Wate r&

Sedim

ents

Project Site

in g

Fresh

Loc a l F

ping Ship

is h

Existing Mangrove Colonies Co mm e

rcia

l Fi s h i n g

Current Shoreline Direction Of Riverbank Erosion Existing Mangrove Colonies Mangrove Colonies At 1984 Direction Of Water N

06

0

1 mile

07


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

BEIRA PORT IS SEGREGATED FROM THE CITY Physically, Socially and Economically

MANGROVE HABITAT

DUMP SITE

- Deforestation due to the expansion of human settlements - Less protection of Coastline - Destroyed Ecosystem

COAL & OIL TERMINALS

- Extremely polluted, even toxic - Unregulated - Insustainable

- Invested and run by FDI - Lack of jobs for the locals - Take up large space - Insustainable

CONTAINER PORT

- Invested and run by FDI - Lack of jobs for the locals - disconnected with the city

RAILWAY

- A physical barrier seperates the port from the city

INDUSTRIAL ZONE

- Highly damaged by cyclone - Highly underutilized - Limited job provision

HARD EDGE

- Limited protection for shoreline - High cost in construction and maintenance

LOCALS

X Oil

Industrial Zone

Waste Mangrove Habitat Planned Expansion Coal

Containers

FDI

rent

LOCALS

MUNICIPALITY

job

s

pro

ďŹ t

X IMP

PO

RT

OR T/E XP O

RT

8

9


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

BEIRA CO-OP A New Locally-governed, Non-profit Port Authority

We imagine the Port can

Private Companies

Private Companies

be expanded and improved Waste -to -Energy

by a new locally governed, Locals

non-profit Port Authority,

Elevated Railway

which would seek to balance corporate interests with

Port Expansion

Ferry

Cornelder Ircon.ilt

Beira Co-op: A new locally-governed, non-profit Port Authority.

and provide local jobs. This entity would raise funds for

Beira Co-op

...

infrastructure improvements,

Forestry

Fishery

...

Locals

Training

Wood Processing

Rites

improve ecological health

Water Transportation

Agriculture

Food Processing

...

a clear public mission to

Aquaculture

Manufaturing Tourism

Markets

Parks

...

job training and grants to local businesses.

Municipality

2020

Municipality

2025

2030

2035

2040

2045

2050

2055

Canals Construction

HARD INFRASTRUCTURE

Elevated Railway Construction Port Development Waste-to-energy Plant Mangrove Cultivation

SOFT INFRASTRUCTURE

Coal-to-forest Restoration Ecological & Recreation Park Passengers Ferry Terminal ‘Fish & Rice’ Industry Refrigeration & Food Processing

DIVERSIFIED INDUSTRIES & PROGRAMS

Job Training & Education Underbridge Markets Commercial Forestry Wood Processing Tourism

10

10

11


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

The Port Authority would raise the railway to break the barrier and improve

STRATEGIES

Connecting Port of Beira and Beira’s regional resiliency in transportation; open canals for local transportation the Industrial Zone

and productivity; expand and populate the port with diversified industries, public education and recreational programs that applied directly to the locals; cultivate mangroves as a soft infrastructure to form hard and soft edges to improve ecological resilience and productivities.

1 RAISE THE RAILWAY - Break the barrier - Free up the space - Improve regional resiliency in transportation

FDI

rent

tax

MUNICIPALITY inve st

men

t

2 OPEN CANALS

- Facilitate water-based industry - For local transportation and productivity

3 EXPAND THE PORT

- With diversifies industries, public education and recreational programs that directly applied to the locals.

4 CULTIVATE MANGROVES - Act as soft Infrastructure - Improve ecological resilience and productivity

LOCALS

$

FDI

rent

pro

INF

fit

RA

ST R

s

RA

E

tax

MUNICIPALITY men

t

LOCALS

$ RA

IMP

PO

RT

OR T/E XP

OR T

12

3 EXPAND THE PORT

- With diversifies industries, public education and recreational programs that directly applied to the locals.

2 OPEN CANALS

3 EXPAND THE PORT

4 CULTIVATE MANGROVES

ST R

IES

E

4 CULTIVATE MANGROVES - Act as soft Infrastructure - Improve ecological resilience and productivity

- Break the barrier - Free up the space - Improve regional resiliency in transportation

rent

LO CA L

ST R

UC TU R

E

D IN

tax

MUNICIPALITY men

IZE

INF

- Facilitate water-based industry - For local transportation and productivity

inve st

s

fit

2 OPEN CANALS

FDI job

pro

1 RAISE THE RAILWAY

- Act as soft Infrastructure - Improve ecological resilience and productivity

OR T

- Break the barrier - Free up the space - Improve regional resiliency in transportation

inve st

DU

UC TU R

RT

OR T/E XP

D IN

ST R

PO

IMP

LO CA L

IZE

INF

IES

1 RAISE THE RAILWAY

rent

4 CULTIVATE MANGROVES

- With diversifies industries, public education and recreational programs that directly applied to the locals.

job

OR T

FDI

3 EXPAND THE PORT

- Facilitate water-based industry - For local transportation and productivity

LOCALS

$

fit

DU

UC TU R

RT

OR T/E XP

t

pro

D IN

ST R

PO

IMP

men

IZE

tax

MUNICIPALITY inve st

LO CA L

2 OPEN CANALS

- Break the barrier - Free up the space - Improve regional resiliency in transportation

job

s

1 RAISE THE RAILWAY

t

- Act as soft Infrastructure - Improve ecological resilience and productivity

job

s

RA

IES IMP

PO

RT

OR T/E XP

LO CA L

IZE

INF

fit

ST R

- With diversifies industries, public education and recreational programs that directly applied to the locals.

LOCALS

$

pro

DU

- Facilitate water-based industry - For local transportation and productivity

ST R

UC TU R

D IN

DU

ST R

IES

E

OR T

13


GREEN AND BLUE INFRASTRUCTURES

CANALS

Mangrovers Water Enter

Reservoir

Main Water Amatory Water Enter Canal Exit -Existing Canal Exit - Proposed Canal- Existing

Hard Edge -Existing

Canal -Proposed

Hard Edge - Proposed

Hard Edge - Existing

Soft Edge -Existing

Hard Edge- Proposed

Soft Edge - Proposed

Soft Edge - Existing

Mangrove Growth Through Time

Soft Edge - Proposed

Mangroves - Proposed

Exit

Shoals

Mangroves - Existing N

N

Exit

SEDIMENTATIONS

Exit

RESETTLEMTNS Settlements and Job relocation Segregation Boundaries

Directions of Sedimentatoin

Hard Edge -Existing

Hard Edge -Existing

Hard Edge - Proposed

Hard Edge - Proposed

Soft Edge -Existing

Soft Edge -Existing

Soft Edge - Proposed

Soft Edge - Proposed

Shoal

Mangrove Growth Through Time

Mangroves - Proposed

Mangroves - Proposed

Mangroves - Proposed Spontaneous Settlements

Mangroves - Existing N

N


DESIGN VISION

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

Bridging the Local and Global Economy

In the long term, Beira’s waterfront would transform from a single hard edge into a fluctuating, growing and hard-and-soft edge that interweaves the land and the sea.

16

17


BEIRA’S PORT

Soft ecological edge protects the coastline, while keeping the hard edge for daily

CONNECTS TO THE

port function. Coexistence of containers ships, passenger ferries and local fishing

WORLD

boats. Public realm integrates port activity with the rest of the city.

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

WIth Muti-functional Port Infrstructures

18

19


A ECOLOGICAL LIGHT

The elevated rail line will connect Zimbabwe and Malawi to the international high-

INDUSTRIAL PARK

speed passenger ferry, and the container port. As coal and gas terminals are

With A Rebuilt Rail Line

phased out, they will be replaced by a multi-functional ecological industrial park

Connects to The Region

and a renewable energy research and development campus.

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

A Rebuilt Rail line connects to the Region!

20

21


CANALS CONNECT TO

Canals connect to the City! With a mix of hard and soft edges, these canals

THE CITY

create a thriving public realm along which markets, and factories can thrive. •

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

With A Thriving Public Realm Shipping containers from the Port can be upcycled into housing and public structures.

22

23


BRINGING DIVERSE

An industrial zone along the canals will promote a diversity of local

JOBS INTO THE

industries including ship-building, manufactured housing, aquaculture

NEIGHBOURHOODS

and agriculture processing. The Beira CO-OP will provide training

With Diversified Industries

centers so locals can access these high skill jobs.

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

for More Job Oppurtunities

24

25


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

BEIRA AS AN INSPIRAShipping Containers

TION FOR A NEW GLOB-

Ships

AL ECONOMY Global

That Harness Its Global

Capitals

Connections for A Thriving

Rotterdam

Bristol

Local Economy

$ £€¥

Barcelona Miami

Lisbon

Heraklion Misrata

By protecting its rich Dubai

Cayman

natural capital and resilient

Mumbai

Antigua and Barbuda

Yokohama Shanghai Ningbo

St Vincent and the Grenadines

communities, Beira can harness its global

Singapore

Libreville

connections for a thriving local economy.

+Beira

Toamasina Port Louis Portland

Beira’s Port could be an Cape Town

inspiration for a new global economy that puts people and ecology ahead of profits.

Beira

Mangroves

Industries

5 Years Boats

10 Years

15 Years

5 Years

10 Years

+

Salt-tolerant Rice

15 Years

Mangrove Eco-system

1 Months

2.5 Months 4 Months

Local

Fish

3 Months

26

6 Months

12 Months

27


Fall 2019 UD Design Studio

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

DRIVE-LESS LIFE The transportation sector alone contributes to 36% greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in New York State, and approximately 70% of which comes from private vehicles.Extensive highway networks, deficient infrastructures for mass transits, suburban lifestyle all facilitate a culture of car dependency and contribute to the amount of GHG emission.

To decarbonizing the transportation system in the region and meeting the goal of net-zero, we propose a hybrid system with three target design solutions while taking Poughkeepsie as a pilot site.

1. An Emission-Free Shared Vehicle system combines

+ Project Site Poughkeepsie

a network of smaller shuttles and a fleet of shared autonomous electric vehicles to replace the existing bus network with more flexible and frequent services.

2. Improve public transportation infrastructure by building new bus stops integrated with public space and urban life.

3. Remove the elevated Route 9 Highway in front of the Poughkeepsie train station to redesign the route as

Legend Gas Emissions on Roads High 3.08991e

a street with a mix-use development to meet the needs

Low 0.50000

of residents while serving as an engine to high density and low carbon emission lifestyle. Gas Emission On Road Design Team

- Hudson Valley

Yao Yao, Shuo Han, Yi (Isabelle) Zhang,

0

28

10 miles

29


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

TRANSPORTATION AND CAR OWNERSHIP ANALYSIS

Ratio of Car Ownership New York Ciry

GHG from Transpotation

GHG per Passenger Mile for

in New York State

Transit and Private Cars

43 % From Others

0.96 0.64 0.32

36 % 38 Person

:

1 Car

New York State

2 Person

:

1 Car

57 % From Private Cars

Private Car

Bus

Rail

0.45

Average

Who Owns Most Cars?

Hudson Valley 2.9%

1.50 1.58

1.28

1.27

9.5%

1.34

1.35

1.42

1.21

1.48

1.55 1.62

30

Percentage of Household have More than 3 Vehicles 0.1% - 1.2% 1.3% - 4.6% 4.7% - 5.9% 6.0% - 7.5% 7.6% - 9.5%

4.6%

1%

2.7% Percentage of Household have Less than 1 Vehicle

15.7%

0% - 3.1% 3.2% - 4.1% 4.2% - 5.5% 5.6%- 7.4% 7.5% - 15.7%

31


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

MASTERPLAN

1 13 8

8 10

8

3

11

7 8

12 8

8

2

1. Poughkeepsie Station

8. Mix-use development

2. Poughkeepsie Plaza

9. Church Park

3. U.S Route 9

10. Street Front

4. Slope Park

11. Street Tree

5. Footpath to Fall Kill

12. Highway Park

6. Bike Station

13. New Commercial Street.

5

6

4

9

7. Bike Lane

N Existing Conditions

32

0

1.2 miles

33


POUGHKEEPSIE

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

Church Park

RAILWAY STATION

Mix-use Developments

SQUARE VIEW

U.S. Route 9

Mix-use Developments

Slope Park

New Commercial Street

Bike Lane

Street Trees

34

Poughkeepsie Plaza

Poughkeepsie Station

35


Summer 2019 UD Design Studio

Portfolio 2019 - 2020

MANUFACTURING PUBLIC SPACES The Industrial Business Zone in Long Island City is located in the heart of New York City. However, because the area is severely disconnected to the city’s mass transportation systems, including subways, and buses, the IBZ has also been disconnected from the local communities.

Manufacturing Public Space is an urban design proposal that attempts to using streetscapes to revitalize the IBZ for mutual benefits of the industries and local communities. The design strategies include protecting the industries and businesses in the IBZ; then, reconnecting the IBZ to the local communities, while improving the built environments of IBZ. Though designing integrated public spaces, the project attempts to reconnect the IBZ with local communities, and improve the quality of living and working for both the local residences as well as workers.

Design Team Scott Guo, Laszio Botond Kovacs,Nina Lish, Yi ( Isabella) Zhang

36

37


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

38

39


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

40

41


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

42

43


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

One Madison Park

Navillus Construction

er East Riv

Manufacturing Delivery

Staten Island

Nycon New York Concrete Supply

Gravel Cement

Local Constrctors

New Jersey

LaGuardia Community College

Demolish

Pennsylvania

Sand

Clo se dloo p

ng cli cy Re

Department Of Construction And Design

Artists & Designers

Landfill

Used Concrete

LEGEND

Newtown Cr eek

Riprap Revetments

Hunters Point Recycling

Main existing concrete recycling process

Shapeways Factory 3D Printing

Road Sub-base Gravel

Main proposed concrete recycling processing Greenpoint

Seawall

Recycle Bespoke Making

Scupture Areas with industrial collaboration

Bridge Reinvent Remold

44

Yi Zhang

Reinventing Metabolism - Closed-loop Recycling of Concrete

Urban Furniture

45


Portfolio 2019 - 2020

46

47


YI ZHANG yz3660@columbia.edu 48

Profile for GSAPP_Digital Publishing

Yi Zhang '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP  

Yi Zhang '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP