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JING “SCOTT” GUO Selected Works from

Columbia GSAPP Program








Beira Living Coastline


Architecture Photography


Shikumen Housing


Vertical Manhattan

Manufacturing Public Spaces (MPS) to Protect, Connect, & Adapt

Reimagining Big Box Retail in Hudson Valley Through GND

NGO/Civil-Led Nature Based Coastal Restoration

From Model to the Built Environment

Fabric and typology

Theory of City Form


Site section

01 MPS in LIC

Manufacturing Public Spaces to Protect, Connect, & Adapt Long Island City, New York Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Summer Studio 2019 (Group Project) 2


Riverbed Date 10.5.17 Above lomit of 2mg/l (3.39 mg/l) Date 10.10.17 below the limit (1.11 mg/l) Date 10.12.17 harnessing low dissolved oxygen level(0.05mg/l) D1.60 million gallons E0.10 million gallons

Long Island City Industrial Business Zone (IBZ)

Soil waste diagram We focus on the major forces that continually shape the Long Island City Industrial Business Zone, the water system, the industry and the in-between systems of interstitial space. We started by studying the major water pollutants and flood that affect the balance of the ecosystem along the Newtown Creek, which constitutes the most devastated natural element in our Industrial study zone. We identified sewage overflows that produce pollution in 5 distinct locations along the course of the Newtown Creek.

Site analysis 6

CSO diagram

Re-thinking public space 7

The existence of industrial buildings along the creek’s edges separates the watercourse from the community while heavily polluting the river. From our research we understood that the IBZ provide economic opportunities for the middle class and for the optimization of the urban industrial ecosystem.

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

Lack of street trees

Lack of street trees

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Impervious pavement

Impervious pavement

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

VanDam Av(Industrial)

VanDam Av(Institutional)

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

Lack of street trees

Lack of street trees Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Impervious pavement

Impervious pavement F500 Years F100 Years 4.0000








lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

47th Av(formerAmazon Headquarters)

Sunny RailYard

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

Lack of street trees Lack of street trees Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Impervious pavement

Impervious pavement

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

Queens Av

Long Island Expressway

lack of rooftop storm-water collection infrastructure

Lack of street trees Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space) Lack of street trees Impervious pavement

Lack of street trees

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Lack of urban infrastructure (furniture, lighting, activity space)

Impervious pavement

Impervious pavement

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

lack of street storm-water collection infrastructure

Thomson St

VanDam Av(Institutional)

51st Av

Proposed street transformation

This study of the urban industrial ecosystem revealed underutilized interstitial spaces between the industries such as sidewalks, parking and vacant lots and rooftops, often temporary occupied that have the potential to foster connection within the IBZ community. The demographic of this area also shows potential for growth in public activities as well as economic growth.

Now Accepting Drivers under 21year old & more Women

Help Wanted! 50,000 Truckers

“I have work afterclass that day, lets meet up before class.”

Bachelor’s degree in Engineering and/or Business Administration

Edu. Needed “Fully stocked fridge, and fancy coffee. Also, daily catered lunch at our Long Island City”

We targeted the relationship between the built space and the ecology of the IBZ through these following interventions:




Total T ran

Tech Start Up Funding


30% Recieved Bank Loans 70% Used Their Own Money

Trucker Work Force

60% White

77% White

Freight sit 70 % by Truck

Age 62% Hispanic

17 % by Rail

Air Pollution

25% of Workers Trade Grocery & Related Items

Avrage Tech S t

Up art

Deaths Asthma

70% Male


s ob

High Levels

71% White

over 11,40 ting 0J rea

Assisting 25,000 Small Buisnesses to Grow


8 % by Air 4.5 % by Maritime

Family Income < $30K

Developing under-utilized railyards as sponge park and reusing abandoned elevated rails for urban farms.


28% of Wholesale Trade Workers are Women

Designing waterfront and underutilized parking lots as flood-mitigation park.

66% of Housing is Occupied by Minorities 1 Mile Buffer from Creek

Data section 8

Reclaiming polluted creek, fostering future ecological strategies and develop for leisure. Re-tooling industrial landscape 9

Street section and pilot site plan



East River BIKE / WALK / CAR




Veterans Residence

NYCHA Corporate Office Video Perfect Videotographer

UPS Pilot Site 2 Fedex

Laguardia Community College

Pilot Site 1

Ferguson Mechanical Manufacturer

BUILDING TYPOLOGY & SITE OF INTERVENTION Industrial Business Zone Proposed Buildings Proposed Testing Grounds Manufacturing Buildings Institutional Buildings Proposed Park 30th St

Protected Bike Lane

Fedex creek-front Park

Entertainment Industry Recycled Urban Sculpture

Warehouse and Storage 27th St

Newtown Creek

Calvary Cemetery

Residential Buildings Commercial Buildings

Truck Route

Existing Warehouse

East River and Newtown Creek Calvary Cemetery

Site intervention sections

Land use and program diagram

Why IBZ?




In 2006, IBZs were established to protect existing manufacturing districts and encourage industrial growth citywide. IBZ, supported by tax credits and zone-specific planning efforts, fosters a high-performing business district. The city will not support rezoning of these areas for residential use, so the industrial sector can continue to grow. The IBZ is essential for the future economic growth of NYC. Our team proposes Manufacturing Public Space (MPS) to protect, connect and adapt the IBZ to be developed by the people and for the people.

The IBZ employs the majority of the working class people in LIC. Our proposal is to create a community life-cycle for existing businesses to physically build in open spaces on designated testing grounds. We will protect these industries and their economy, as well as job diversity. We identified wasted materials/ products that could be redirected from the waste stream and increase revenue. We propose that the college students, artists and designers test and train the local workers to use new materialâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s technology in their processes.

The IBZ is disconnected from the local neighborhoods where the workers commute. We identified three entry points from mass transit stops and a lack of infrastructural hierarchy, connectivity and pedestrian access. Connect Industries and Businesses through physical and systematic connections. Connect local and commuting workers to their jobs with safer circulation and spaces to interact outside of work. Connect external transit to an internal networks with a hierarchy of traffic systems.

The IBZ should be a place for testing new industrial practices for a future economy. By designing phases, the IBZ can be re-imagined to improve quality of life, maintain diverse economic opportunities and create a resilient industrial public realm. We identified two pilot sites that encompass industries with raw materials, manufacturers, storage and distributions facilities, educational institutions, artists, designers and vacant lots for new retail spaces.



Proposed industrial scape render 14


02 UnBoxed

Site Design

Reimagining Big Box Retail in Hudson Valley Through GND Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Fall Studio 2019 (Group Project) This Urban Design Project is part of Columbia GSAPP’s curriculum: The Climate Crisis: Imagining a Green New Deal in the Hudson Valley. Coordinated by Professor Kaja Kuhl. This Studio operates at a regional scale: the Hudson Valley. In groups of four, we studied different systems: Water, Economy, Transportation, Infrastructures, etc. With a wide library of system studies we were able to form a critical analysis, then design for the region that affects millions of people. The course is structured around GSAPP’s collaboration with “Public Works for a Green New Deal,” and we constantly work with state legislators, local stakeholders, community groups and design professionals.

Bioswale Main Pedestrain Trails Secondary Padestrain Trails Plantform | Bridge Plaza Dry Creek Perennial Garden Meadow Wet Meadow Rain Garden

Community forum render 16

Marsh Shrubland Hardwood Forest New Wetland

The Green New Deal Demands a â&#x20AC;&#x153;rapid and far-reachingâ&#x20AC;? transition in the use of land, energy, industry, buildings, transport, and cities to make significant reduction in greenhouse gas emission by 2030 and avert the worst effects of climate disruption.

Our Site is the big box retailer complex near Newburgh, NY, across from Stewart International Airport. Parking occupies most of the land and massive deforestation has damaged the ecology for decades.

Big box retail complex

Unboxed looks at the ecological footprint of the big box retailers in the region. When looking at these sprawling structures as the result of modernism and car culture in American, we cannot neglect the negative effects from this business model. Driving is one of the biggest cause of carbon emission in the United States. These structures next to the highway continue to invite driving as the no.1 mean of travel. The poor land use of these places also contribute to the greenhouse gas emission by a huge amount. Despite the negative effects of deforestation and pollution, just looking at the declining economy of the malls around us and the rise of E-commerce, we shall consider another outcome for these places in the near future. Design renders 18

Target regions in Hudson Valley

The expansion of highway systems in the 60s led to the growth of large big box retail centers in the hinterlands of Hudson Valley that continue to burden the ecological and social landscapes. Shopping for daily necessities at big box stores form a significant part of the American lifestyle. The format of their operation causes overconsumption and consequently more waste. They are operational for about 30 years before being vacated, leaving behind large landscapes of blight. On an average, about 300 acres of forests are cleared to accommodate these shopping centers. A shopping trip causes about 4 kilograms of Co2 emissions. Most importantly, their massive parking one sits right next to the drinking water source of newburgh, Lake Washington. These shopping centers lie on the edges of wetlands that feed into the drinking water reservoir of the city. This crisis cannot be wasted. The Green New Deal aims to reduce carbon emissions, provide high wage jobs and more importantly, promises environmental justice for frontline and vulnerable communities. 19

Site Design looks at program and use, topography and hydrology, as well as water management. The richness of this site provides a much better future than the existing big box retail stores. These sets of diagrams on the bottom shows the big box typology transformation from stores into places like transit terminal, community forum, or botanical garden, reusing as much existing structure as possible. With the footprint and program shrinkage, retail needs to relocate to the lesser ecologically-affected area, and adding local pickup centers to relieve some of the driving carbon emissions.

Architecture scale transformation

Hybrid bus+truck Big Box store

Bus stops in urban centers Display for environmental updates Waiting area for bus Pick up booth Trashbin Shaded area for unloading

Cargo bike Suburban neighbourhood

Gas stations near suburban areas

The diagrams on the right shows site ecology strategies. According to the existing land condition and topography, we can construct rain garden, dry creek, bioswale, and ecology monitoring tower.

Urban pickup center




Warehouse Warehouse Transit Hub


Community Forum




Reseach Center


Botanical Garden












A Delay

Wetland Trails

Rest Area

Native plant viewpoint



Wetland Island B Resist

New Fabric

Water Runoff

Stormwater points


Built Fabric


Preserved Building

Clayey Soil

New Wetland

Site design diagrams 20


ViewPoint Plantform Reprogram


C Store New Wetland

Big box transformation

Ecological intervention 21

Strategic plan, 2100

03 Beira Living Coastline NGO/Civil-Led Nature Based Coastal Restoration Beira, Mozambique Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Spring Studio 2020 (Group Project)



Initial strategy 24


Sectional strategy 26


Final design section

Strategy diagram Resiliency is achieved by thickening the sand dunes, introducing fish and filtration ponds, and an integrated tourism infrastructure within the Coastline Park; it

will produce economic self-sustainability, and robust improvements in livelihood and ecology.

Implementation timeline 28


Design render 1: Breakwater

Design render 3: EcoPark on the dune

1. The Macuti coastal development (Living Coastline) in the city of Beira explores the value of protecting the natural habitat by increasing coastal protection, creating livelihood, and restoring biodiversity and ecology.

2. The inland development (Pond) explores the value of treating stormwater by improving water quality via filtration ponds, restoring sand pit towards wetland, creating resiliency to resist flood, and providing public space for community.

3. The national park (Living Coastline) built on the existing sand dune in Beira explores the value of building a robust economy by using nature-based interventions, shaping the future National Park system, nurturing living cultures and communities, thus conserving Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s history and culture.

Design render 2: Water resiliency 30


04 Arch Photography From Model to the Built Environment Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Spring Elective 2020 32











Typology diagram

Fabric diagram


05 Shikumen Housing Fabric and Typology Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Fall Seminar 2019 (Group Project) 42


New typology analysis


Family structure study




900FT Same NYC Block Dimensions


900FT Same NYC Block Dimensions


A BLOCK IN ITS PLAN A BLOCK IN ITS PLAN “Streets” -> Public Floor “Streets” ->

“Block” ->Public Floor “Block Level” “Block” -> “Block Level” Elevators also as Structure Elevators also as Structure


Buildings -> Flattened and Buildings -> Extruded on Flattened and each Block Level Extruded on each Block Level


Few Blocks Form a Neighbourhood Few Blocks Form a Neighbourhood Each Neighbourhood Contains Each Neighbourhood Contains Office Buildings Office Buildings Residential Buildings Residential Buildings Servicing and Recreational Buildings Servicing and Recreational Buildings


Future Future GridGrid

NYC Grid NYC Grid

NYC grid 2019

NYC grid 2300

06 Vertical Manhattan Theory of City Form Columbia GSAPP MSAUD Program Fall Seminar 2019 (Group Project)



1609 “Attempting to design a city as one designs a building is clearly misleading and dangerous.” - Kevin Lynch in Good City Form, published in 1984. Our future city finds its physical form through a complete rejection of this view posited by Kevin Lynch, and proposes a modernist take on his outdated theory. Lynch himself states that “physical change can sometimes be used to support, or perhaps even induce, social change,” so why not integrate and verticalize the city’s physical form to promote a societal cohesion around resiliency and biophilia?



The foundation of our master plan for the CoF is built on the collaborative elements of resident participation in mass housing and the construction of resilient megastructures. The test site for our plan will be situated in Manhattan, New York City. Within this area, our long-term plan will include the numerous diverse neighborhoods of the East Village, Lower Manhattan, Upper West, specifically Alphabet City. Given the scale that our near-unlimited budget affords us, our plan can approach local stakeholders on equal terms, regardless of background. Additionally, by working alongside city agencies focused on Lower Manhattan coastal resiliency, our megastructures can further complement the flooding strategies being undertaken by public initiative and funding. At the center of our design, the megastructure is a versatile complex that extends itself along a path of vertical integration of modular sub-sections. The transitional sub-sections include a base component, termed the “block level.” Along the block level, new buildings are flattened and extend beyond the center plane solely in one direction. The buildings serve a multitude of well-defined purposes, including commercial, residential, public, and recreational. As a block adds more buildings, it forms a neighborhood along a horizontal axis, consistent with the existing city planning of the LES. Finally, once a block level becomes fully populated with buildings along its finite dimensions, structures can only continue on a different block along the same ver-

tical axis. Unique to our megastructure, however, the development on adjacent blocks is distributed in opposite directions from one another, thus minimizing the public nuisance of new construction. The megastructure is built on modern pilotis, reinforced concrete columns at the base of the building, that elevate the complex above the difficult flood plain of Lower Manhattan. The pilotis are further oriented in a manner to allow for multiple elevators into the blocks above. Additionally, fixed structures for water expulsion will be installed on the ground below the structure, varying by levels of obtrusiveness. These devices, including fixed walls, flip-up barriers, and roller gates, would work in accord with the infrastructure toolkit to be applied by the Mayor’s Office of Resiliency, improving the efficacy of flood control and prevention in the region. Though ground floor commercial space is ultimately sacrificed, the longterm goals are being met for the agencies and civic organizations involved in The Financial District and Seaport Climate Resilience Master Plan: bolster methods of flood prevention, mitigate for extreme weather events, and preserving views and public access to the coastline.

Manhattan in the future 48



The three blocks are residential, commercial and industrial. The residential block includes residential spaces designed with keeping equality and diversity in mind. Apart from energy efficient housing, recreational areas, grocery stores, fitness centers, restaurants and other neighborhood amenities are provided in the block. The commercial blocks includes the Wall Street, business zones that consists of office spaces, cafes, auditorium and exhibition centers etc. Thirdly the industrial blocks consists of raw material stores, production center, wholesale markets, industries etc. Each of the blocks has a significant amount of green space that is meant for recreational area in the residential block and agricultural area for industrial and partly the commercial block.

Lastly, with keeping the ground floor area completely open to sky, agriculture and biodiversity is promoted. Human beings and animals live in the same ground but in a different dimension. The food chain is versatile than ever before in history. Energy efficient solar powered automobile is used as a mode of transportation from one city to another and elevators are used for interior movement.


The city is more sustainable, climate resilient, population resilient, in the realm of biodiversity and programmatically efficient than any other city we have witnessed in history. It provides for people of all colors, races, and income taking all the aspects of modern living in mind. Commercial

Vertical typology 50

Block study 51

Updated May 2020 Copyright Reser ved

JING “SCOTT” GUO Architect | Designer | Visual Ar tist jing.guo@columbia.edu +1 (401) 9969953

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Jing Scott Guo '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP  

Jing Scott Guo '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP