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GOOD(S) SHIFT

Region

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ACCESSIBILITY & INCOME INQUIRY

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City

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Neighborhood

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BEYOND SCHOOL FLEX(C)ITY

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City

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Neighborhood

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GENTRI-FIND

Streets

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THE FACE OF THE PUBLIC SPACE

TRAVERSING THE RIFT

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City

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1 GOOD(S) SHIFT Revitalizing the port of Newburgh | NY

Instructors: Kaja Kßhl, Anna Dietzsch, Liz McEnaney, Justin Moore, Shachi Pandey, Jerome Haferd, Raafi Rivero, David Smiley, Dragana Zoric Team: Antonia Medina Abell, Hugo Bovea, Tal Fuerst, Sharvari Raje Trucks are one of the largest contributors to air pollution in the Hudson Valley region, and function within a system that is imbalanced. Currently, the freight network is based upon: waterways, railways and highways. Highways are maintained by local taxes of each town or city, and are freight movement’s primary means of transportation, with trucks doing most of the infrastructural damage. In New York State, 94% of freight transportation is powered by fossil fuels.

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The Hudson Valley is a region well known for its agricultural products, which are mostly moved and distributed by truck. The systems for food production, processing and distribution are heavily disaggregated. It is baffling how many individualized and truck based distribution systems there are, each with their own logistics. While a network of these systems exist, they are not geographically consolidated. Video of the projecthttps://vimeopro.com/ user43779003/ud-studiothe-climate-crisis-fall-2019/ video/380162308

Existing Processing and Distributing Diagram

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Regional Proposed Freight Flows

Regional Existing Freight Flows


A Gap in the System

There are two scales of farms: large and small. Large farmers transport their produce either to USDA processing facilities or straight to the final retailer. This is an established relationship that is heavily reliant on trucks. 8 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

Small and medium scale farmers mainly sell their goods at farmers markets, but there is a lack of accessible processing facilities, therefore hindering their production capacity and access to retail. Within the distribution

Current landscape | processing and distribution facilities are located next to highways

process, the last segment is the longest distance traveled and where most of the carbon is emitted.

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Waterfront | Then

Waterfront | Now

Newburgh and New Windsor used to be a landscape of waterway usage and port activity that is now forgotten. This presents an opportunity to turn vacant spaces into industries that contribute to the regional economy. 10 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

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The proposed industrial working waterfront will agglomerate two vital segments of the Hudson Valley’s agricultural operations: processing and distribution. This will become one of a series of hubs that 12 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

integrates diverse and intermodal operations, modeling the transition towards a less carbon-intensive transportation infrastructure for the Hudson Valley. The proposal will be structured in three stages:

-The first one sets up packaging, processing and distribution. -The second concentrates on retail and recreation. -The third on employee training and waste management. Fall 2019 | 13


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>Permeability: The buildings are organized in a way that they allow visual and spatial connection to the water. >Integration: Recreational and operational activities are integrated through a public-private interface that operates in two ways: - Industrial activities are overlayed with recreational programs to create a more diverse and active waterfront. This is to build a new industrial typology that is more inclusive and transparent. - Operational and recreational circulation are separate but in constant interaction. This is achieved by splitting it into two different levels. Visitors don’t have physical access to the working areas, but they always have visual interaction with the industrial activities, the docks, the water and the city.

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> Tr a n s p a r e n c y : Traditional industrial warehouses tend to be isolated volumes. In this case, the buildings have different levels of transparency to provide outside views for the workers and inside views for the visitors, creating a much more pleasant working environment. >Density: Industrial landscapes have tended to be short and impervious. We are proposing a lighter typology in which the volumes grow in vertical density, decreasing their footprint and allowing more flexibility. >Orientation: Picking up on historical cues, the buildings are oriented towards the city and the water, and the docks are located in the same place where the original docks used to be.

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Public Access

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Views from the Market to the Docks

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The Workers in their Workplace

The Docks and Processing Facility

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The Public Integration with the Port

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The goal is for this project to publicly accessible waterfront be the seed for a systematic for the people of Newburgh growth in the region, and New Windsor. operating in a fast-moving and efficient way, money and carbon wise, providing processing infrastructure for the local farmers and a 28 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

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3D Model | Newburgh - New Windsor Waterfront

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>Sources: - Newburgh Historic Video - Brannen, S., Conard, M., Ackerman, K., Berger, D., & Comer, C. (2013, April). Hudson Valley Food Hubs Initiative [Scholarly project]. In Hudson Valley Food Hubs Initiative. Retrieved May 10, 2020, from https://hvfarmhub. org/wp-content/ uploads/2015/02/ HV-Food-HubsInitiative-Report.pdf - Newburgh ReThinking Heritage Tourism, Historic Preservation, Studio II, Columbia University, GSAPP Spring 2018 - Hudson Valley Food Systems, The Hudson Valley Atlas, The Hudson Valley Initiative, Columbia University, GSAPP

>Special Thanks: - Jonathan Drapkin, Hudson Valley Pattern for Progress - Kevin Burke, Hudson Valley Greenway - Gabe Berlin, Newburgh Transportation Committee - Jesse LeCavalier, Architect and Author - Jonathan English - Barbara Lee, A River of Opportunities - Virginia Kasinki and Liana Hoods, Newburgh Urban Farm - Anthony Grice, Newburgh City Council - Jeanne Haffner, curator, writer and historian - Paul Halayko, Neburgh Brewing Company - Tuthilltown Distillery - Brooklyn Brewery

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2 SUBWAY ACCESSIBILITY & INCOME INQUIRY Mapping Exploration in NYC | NY

Course: Digital Techniques Instructors: Carmelo Ignaccolo, Kyle Hovenkotter, Jesse Hirakawa, Shuman Wu

Exploration of mapping tools looking to reveal spatial-social correlations. In these maps, I tried to find the relations between accessibility to public transport and income levels. While the findings are inconclusive, some urban behaviors are revealed. The top map shows the number of users at the New York subway stations per day, circled with 0.6 mile radius of street network, of about 10 minutes walking distance. On the bottom same radius exists, on top of an income level census map. The maps show three locations adjacent to the East River - Lower Manhattan, Brooklyn Heights

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and Williamsburg, which have a high concentration of subway stations. The number of users in Williamsburg is much lower than the ones in Brooklyn Heights and Manhattan. All three epicenters have about 50% low-income area. This may be a result of low car ownership rates and the need for good connectivity to the city’s main business centers. This connectivity is in high demand at major urban centers and therefore at increasing risk for displacement. ---------------------------------The map is based on the 2015 census bureau data, using ArcGIS and Illustrator.

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3 BEYOND SCHOOL Cultivating public space in Sunset Park | Brooklyn | NYC

Instructors: Tricia Martin, Nans Voron, Hayley Eber, Sagi Golan, Quilian Riano, Austin Sakong, Shin-pei Tsay Team: Tal Fuerst, Mansoo Han, Zhen Hua

Two of the urgent issues in Sunset Park neighborhood are the shortage in schools and lack of open space. The main usable green open space is Sunset Park-Park, while there is lack of scattered small scale open public spaces. With growing population, of which 30% are children, and overcrowding schools, It has become essential to provide alternative public spaces for the residents of the neighborhood. Because there isn’t much vacant lots to be developed into public spaces, a solution has formed by cultivating the neighborhood’s park and the exiting schools as

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anchors of public pockets. These pockets possess great potential to be adapted as spaces where educational activities can take place. Where residents and children can engage with nature and each other, preserving the charm of the neighborhood. This sequence of public areas will be connected through a pedestrianonly streets, enriched with tactical interventions made of recyclable plastic, forming a network of occupied public spaces. That will enhance the vibrant street life and characteristics of the neighborhood.

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Streets Mobility Analysis

East to West Figure Ground and Urban Fabric Exploration

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Sunset Park-Park | Existing Activities and Street Furniture

Sunset Park Streets | Existing Pedestrian Experience

Existing East to West Section | Land Use Fragments

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Prospect Park

Greenwood Cemetery

Sunset Park

Spatial Analysis Schools & Public Spaces: Understanding how the existing streets are being utilized mainly by children, as the primary users who walk from and to schools.

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Initial Experiment: Looking for spatial opportunities for tactical interventions. In the quest after potential spaces to occupy we have found wide sidewalks in the main avenues, retaining walls and 44 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

topography opportunities, street furnitures that could “left-over” improvised provide safe spaces to walk, parking area under the sit and play. Gowanus Expy, semi-private spaces at the entrances to residential historic buildings etc. We’ve proposed a series of tactical interventions and Summer 2019 | 45


Reuse of Recyclable Plastic | Using the Recycle Center and Makers spaces in Industry City | Process and 3D Model

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Sunset Park Potential Programs

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Schools as an Anchor: Pedestrianizing and occupying the perimeter around schools. The compound will include a drop off area, a greenhouse for the kids to plant and grow under school’s supervision and a recreational area 48 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

where they can take outdoor classes, present children’s art, read and interact. In addition a perforated playful fence that can be folded when it’s not in use, will encompass the existing baseball court. All made out of recyclable

plastic. School’s compounds can be occupied gradually, and could be built and maintained by the students of the schools.

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The colors and Textures of the Plastic can be Used to Define Pedestrian and Bike Lanes

Plastic can be Used to Deploy Both as Street Furniture and Paving

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Pedestrianizing the Streets Around Schools | Before & After

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Anchors and Street Network: By creating these tactical interventions around schools and the park, residents of all ages will start to take ownership of the places they use day to day. That 52 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

can gradually expand to the streets in between, with more small scale interventions, that can make the neighborhood pedestrian friendly, and safe. Starting with the schools and the park as a familiar ground, where kids usually go and

spend their time, under a familiar structure, will enable the framework for creation and imagination.

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School Compound Entrance 54 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

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>Sources: - Brooklyn Community District 7 Fiscal Year 2020 - Statements of community needs and community board budget requests, (Rep.). (2019). New York, NY: The Department of City Planning. - Sunset Park 197-A Plan (Rep.). (2011). New York, NY: The Department of City Planning. - Community health profiles - Brooklyn Community District 7: Sunset Park (Rep.). (2015). New York, NY: The Department of Health.

3D Model, Sunset Park

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4 FLEX(C)ITY When Technology and Policy Meet

Course: Social Entrepernuenship Instructor: Kate Wittels Team: Tal Fuerst, Einat Lubliner, Eduardo Veronese Ransolin, Sushmita Shekar

How can we use technology to improve the city’s resilience in time of crisis? What? The App is a platform that mediates between the existing Infrastructure to a new Need. Why? Mega Cities tend to get affected the first and the most When? At the time of crisis. How? “City matchmaker”matching the need to the infrastructure by data collection. Who? Residents, private public partnerships.

Concept

social networks at the time of stress to provide immediate and efficient action. Our aim is to advance the potential of human resource during a crisis that can in-turn support people in need. In addition to the user interface and business model, we also analyzed integration with policies and ramifications regarding real estate, skills and labor, data and privacy and potential stakeholders.

User Interface

The App is a technological platform for re-purposing skills and space and leveraging Policy Analysis - Real Estate, Skill and Labor

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Crises that Pose a Threat upon Cities | Natural Disasters

Crises that Pose a Threat upon Cities | Economical

Crises that Pose a Threat upon Cities | Pandemic

Crises that Pose a Threat upon Cities | Urban Decline and Unemployment

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5 GENTRI-FIND Gentrification Visualization Tool, Harlem, NYC | NY

Course: Meta Tool Instructor: Dan Taeyoung Team: Hala Abukhodair, Moneerah AlAjaji, Tal Fuerst, Einat Lubliner

A tool that makes the process of gentrification more transparent to the community, developers, and policymakers, in order to increase awareness both “topdown” and “bottom-up”. During the process we identified parameters such as rent values, income levels, and new development that are known as gentrification generators, in order to make it more tangible to comprehend. The tool was built using multiple softwares as follows: Rhino, Grasshopper, ArcGIS and Google Teachable Machine.

Using those softwares we were able to visualize gentrification in a responsive way that could engage with communities. The tool is based on hand gestures and body movement which manipulates 3D volumes according to the factor that is changing. The result is the spatial understanding between the physical layer and the socio-economical complexities of the city.

Logo

How Does The Tool Work?

More in the Blog Posthttps://medium.com/ metatool/gentrifindade05f3af045 Community Engagement

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6 THE FACE OF THE PUBLIC SPACE Unpacking structures, processes and actors | Israel

Seminar: Public Space - Rhetorics Of The Pedestrian Instructor: Prof. David J. Smiley Safra Sq, Jerusalem | Kiryat Sefer Park, Tel Aviv | Muhamad A-Salah St, East Jerusalem

How uneven political power and the relationships between the leading actor, the stakeholders and the community contributed to shape the public space? Exploring these three urban design case studies had led me to the realization that the face of actors “behind the scenes” are actually right in front of us – if we look hard enough. The “A-Actor”s, are identified as the initiators and main protagonists, who brought together other stakeholders. The A-Actors were the catalytic entities which ignited the project from the beginning, with different

levels of involvement along the process until it was completed, and afterwards. I claim that the more grounded and involved the A-Actors were, meaning the community had seen the physical and metaphorical “face” of the A-Actor, the more engaged they were.

Factors of Comparison

Those factors and political powers manifested later in the implementation in terms of scale (that is the size of the project, the scope, number of participants, budget etc.), The choice of materials and future implications and impact on the surroundings of each site. What if ? - Kiryat Sefer Park in Safra Sq | Concrete Pillows in Ras Al-Amud

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7 TRAVERSING THE RIFT Stitching Piazza back together | Addis Ababa | Ethiopia

Instructors: Kate Orff, Geeta Mehta, Thad Pawlowski, Julia Watson, Adriana Chavez, Dilip Da Cunha, Lee Altman, Fitse Gelaye Team: Tal Fuerst, Claudia Kleffmann, Laszlo Kovacs, Victoria Vuono Piazza is the historic city center of Addis Ababa. The neighborhood is bisected by a river gorge, filled with a rich ecology that has piazza turn its’ back to. The west side of the gorge is characterized with vibrant streets, and what gives the neighborhood its identity. Three historic periods create a gradient of activities, from heavy traffic broad boulevards with commercial activities, into a more intimate and dense Kebele housing streets, which remained from the times of the “Workers Neighborhood”, with domestic activities that are extending into the streets. On the east side of the

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gorge we see a sign of the modern condominium blocks development that lacks in street activity. Residents of Piazza have to cope with water and housing insecurity everyday. This proposal is addressing the physical and metaphorical rift of the gorge by creating a network of traverses that can stitch Piazza together in order to balance the strains, and to support, spread and preserve the neighborhood’s resilient vibrancy. More in a web based Story Map.

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>1890’s: “Worker’s Neighborhood Streets”; Dense fabric, narrow streets, domestic activities, small scale/impermanent commercial activity. 1890’s

1930’s 1930’s

>1930’s: “Italian Occupation Avenues”; Wide boulevards, heavy traffic, preserved historic building with commercial ground floor.

1890’s

2010’s

2010’s

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>2010’s: “Modern Condominium’s Barren Streets”; Open, wide and quiet streets, lack with vibrancy and street life.

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Existing Commerce Typologies

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Existing Gradients of Commerce

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Existing Building Typologies

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Existing Gradients Historic Layers

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Existing River Gorge Sections

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The Gorge’s Steep Topography

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The Kebele Housing on the site suffers from dilapidated or non existent infrastructure. The resilient community that lives here has persisted by using the vibrant street life and the gorge to make up for their infrastructural 76 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

deficiencies. However, water and housing insecurity, together with the difficult accessibility and the pollution of the river, are factors that the residents have to cope with everyday. But due to the resilience that we

witnessed on site, it is clear to us that, given the right set of tools, the local residents will thrive when provided with better opportunities for commerce, nature and street infrastructure.

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Broad Boulevards - Halie Selassie St

Kebele Commercial St

Condominium’s Barren St

Kebele Intimate St

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Washing Cloths at The Gorge

Erosion at the River Gorge

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Gorge’s Ecology Threatened by Rapid Urbanization

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Streets as a unit of change | Existing | Physical Infrastructure

Streets as a unit of change | Proposed | Physical Infrastructure

Streets as a unit of change | Existing | Social Infrastructure

Streets as a unit of change | Proposed | Social Infrastructure

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Beautifying Sheger Proposal | Foreign Investment Threatening Addis Ababa’s Rivers and People

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Counter Proposal | Locals Have Agency on Their Livelihood

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The Sheger project proposes to use foreign investment to create a generic park along the river that will concertize the gorge. This park will displace thousands. We propose to use Piazza’s vibrancy to stitch across the gorge to support the local community and ecology. This approach will empower residents though stewardship. This stewardship will be facilitated by a cooperative that will manage the 3 major layers towards street improvement: commerce support, water filtration and construction training. The Co-Op Hub branches will be established with government funding as the beginning of a symbiosis between government and community.

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These Hubs will become the Co-op administrative and empowerment centers where knowledge and support is shared to seed opportunities of intervention throughout the community over a generation of change. This cyclical process will allow the neighborhood to evolve and grow with its residents Densifying the neighborhood will allow to carve out new spaces to support the community. These spaces will provide green infrastructure, w a s t e w a t e r infrastructure, shared working spaces and small commercial spaces.

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The 3 Co-op groups will facilitate 3 traverses across the gorge. A traverse is composed of the Co-Op hub, a crossing point and a number of seeded catalytic interventions. Each traverse will focus on 88 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

a specific layer of Piazza’s street to: -North Traverse; will increase commerce opportunity for locals -Middle Traverse; will Improve the kebele housing street infrastructure

-South Traverse; will empower local community through cooperative stewardship.

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1 | Ras Mekonen Welcoming Tourism to the Gorge

3 | Tourism will Bring New Value to Ecology Spurring Stewardship to Maintain the Gorge

2 | Haile Selassie Street Commerce Infiltrates into Kebele Housing Streets

4 | Condo Streets Occupied by Commerce Structure Built from Construction Waste on Site

5 Haile Selassie st will be pedestrianized and built up. Street vending opportunities will grow, residents will build up their streets to connect Haile Selassie st to the gorge, allowing for locally owned tourism. The

new businesses will bring funds into community to build green infrastructure. The green infrastructure will allow for the Co-Op to open the gorge for tourism, which will encourage maintenance of the george’s rich ecology.

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Plastic from the gorge will be collected and reused as street commerce shades and seats between the clusters, the Kebele housing streets and the condos. Commerce will fill barren spaces between the condos blocks. The Commerce Traverse

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5 | Haile Selassie Street Densified and Pedestrianized 92 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

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Zoom in | Rain Water Collection + Manual Water Pump + Street Benches

2 | Storm and Waste Water Management Infrastructure in Kebele Housing Clusters

1 | Kebele Street Housing and Infrastructure Enhanced

3 | Commerce Infiltrates the Condos as Enclaves

1 The gorge paths connect ecology and the street, as the co-op builds waste water filtration terraces. This will leave clean water to flow back into the river. Green storm and wastewater infrastructure soften the

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streets while the construction commerce and an extension co-op builds up new housing of the home. The streets then extend into the gorge. Street of vernacular materials. furnishings of woven recycled Building up a new Kebele plastic will be deployed along housing typology will gorge paths allowing them to house more people while be used like streets. maintaining streets for The Water Filtration Traverse

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4 | Wastewater Management Terraces

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1 | Infrastructure to Connect the Condos with the Gorge and the Co-Op Hub

3 | Condos Infill will Form the Streets with Activity, Public Transportation and Social Connections

2 | Co-op Center for Construction Training with Vernacular Approach

4 The commercial growth will help provide funds for the construction co-op to facilitate Kebele housing improvement within their community clusters. These self built improvements will be supported by the

vernacular construction Co-Op center. It will be an education and employment hub, which will be a resource for both the Kebele housing and condo residents. Traversing the gorge can spread and protect Piazza’s

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vibrant streets for generations to come, allowing for Kebele housing residents to improve their streets and their homes, creating shared public space that will act as an extension of their homes. The Construction Training Traverse

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5 | Renovating Clusters of Kebele Housing as a Collective 100 | Columbia University | GSAPP | MSAUD

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>Sources: - Angelil MM, Hebel D. Cities of Change Addis Ababa : Transformation Strategies for Urban Territories in the 21st Century. Vol Second and revised edition. Basel, Switzerland: Birkhäuser; 2016. https://search. ebscohost.com/login. aspx?direct=true& db=e025xna&AN= 1246421&site=eho st-live&scope=site. Accessed May 10, 2020. - Cherenet, Z., & Sewnet, H. (2012). Building Ethiopia: Sustainability and innovation in architecture and design. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: EiABC - Nunzio, M. D. (2019). The act of living. Street life, marginality, and development in urban Ethiopia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

>Special Thanks: - Eskinder Fekade - Eden Gessesse - Seid Burka - Prof. Aziza Abdulfetah - Tigist Kassahun

The Great Rift Valley Collage | Tel Aviv, Addis Ababa, Beira

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Self Portrait | Meta Tool | Fall ‘19 | Rhino+Grasshopper+Illustrator


Profile for GSAPP_Digital Publishing

Tal Fuerst '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP  

Tal Fuerst '20 MSAUD Columbia GSAPP