Issuu on Google+

IDIOMA EXTRANJERO Y SU DIDÁCTICA II ALFONSO XIII GROUP 7

Jose Murcia García

Sarah Michelle Gibbs

Ángel Molina Morant

Mónica Pérez Macarro

Marta Navarro Loeches Penélope Martín de San Pablo Laura Poncela Cordero

Cristina Rodríguez Lechuga Virginia Sánchez Morales


POWER POINT 1 LANGUAGE

LEARNING

AND

ACQUISITION

THEORIES

AND

METHODS OF TEACHING AND LEARNING 1. The audio-lingual method derived from: a. Behaviourism b. Constructivism c. Cognitivism 2. Chomsky said that language: a. Is learned through repetition and imitation b. Is an innate ability c. Is learned through interaction 3. Who said that language is made up of deep structure and surface structure? a. Skinner b. Chomsky c. Pavlov 4. According to the cognitivism theory, language is deeply influenced by: a. Previous knowledge b. Innate activity c. Social interaction 5. What is the LASS? a. Language Acquisition Support System b. Language Ability Social System c. Language Acquisition Social Skills 6. According to the constructivism theory, students learn when: a. They have more innate ability b. They apply previous knowledge to new situations c. When they interact socially with other students


7. According to the constructivism theory, the role of the teacher is: a. Facilitator b. Transmitter c. Clown 8. Jean Piaget said that a child constructs understanding through three channels. They are exploration, reading or listening and: a. Communication b. Examination c. Experimentation 9. According to Piaget, what is the correct order of the stages of development? a. Concrete operations, formal operations, preoperational, sensorimotor b. Formal operations, sensorimotor, concrete operations, peroperational c. Sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operations, formal operations 10.

What is the fundamental element of

the grammar-

translation method? a. Grammatical accuracy b. Fluency c. Communicative competence 11.

The Audiolingual Method is based on

a. Constructivism b. Structural Linguistics c. Behaviourism 12.

In Audiolingual Method the grammar is learnt

a. Deductively b. Inductively c. Intuitively


13.

Which of these omponents is a key elment in Community

Language Learning? a. The affective component b. The Grammar component c. The fluency component

14.

In which method is music the most important element?

a. Total Physical Response b. The Silent Way c. Suggestopedia 15.

The Silent Way was developed by

a. Carl Rogers b. George Lozanov c. Caleb Gattegno 16.

In which method is the teacher an instructor who gives

commands to pupils? a. The Silent Method b. Communicative Language Teaching c. Total Physical Response 17.

What is the main goal in the CLT Method?

a. To acquire communicative competence b. To translate from English into Spanish c. To get a comfortable environment in the class 18.

CBI means:

a. Constructivism – based – influence b. Cognitivism – based – intelligence c. Content – based – instruction 19.

Bilingualism education implies the use of

a. Two languages


b. Just Spanish c. Two first Languages 20.

In which method are the four skills included?

a. CLL b. TPR c. CLT POWER POINT 2 CHARACTERISTICS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN 1. What characteristics are of Primary School children? a. Rhymes, chants and games. b. Games c. They don’t use their memory 2. The sensitive period… a. Involves the case study of wolf children b. Considers language learning would be more difficult. c. Includes lateralization 3. There is a popular belief that… a. Women are better at arts and languages than men b. women learn the mother tongue faster than boys. c. a) and b) are correct answers 4. Gass and Varonis say that… a) Females are better than men to learn L2 b) Men are better than females to learn L2 c) Females initiate more negotiations 5. The style refers to…


a) The control, autonomy and cognitive regulation of acquisition b) The mode of talking c) The mode of walking 6. According to Learning style taxonomies, what approach is related to the way individuals prefer to perceive the input to be learnt? a)Personality approach. b)Action approach. c)Perceptual approach.

7. According to Cognitive Approach, Reflectivity-impulsivity refers to: a)If individuals stop to think about and plan before carrying out a task or if they do not. b)Depending on the perceptive features of a situation to carry out a task. c)The style used in different environments. 8. According to R. Oxford, what are learning strategies. a)Strategies are the actions students use to achieve the L2. b)Strategies are specific actions, behaviours, steps, or techniques students use to improve their progress in apprehending, internalizing, and using the foreign language. c)Strategies are just the techniques used by students of a second language. 9. According to Oxford’s classification of strategies: a)Direct strategies are memory, cognitive and compensation strategies. b)Indirect strategic are metacognitive, affective and social strategies. c)Both are correct. 10. What is motivation?


a)It is an internal state of the individual influenced by needs, and/or beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal, and moves the individual to attain it with a continued effort. b)It is an external state of the individual influenced by needs and beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal. c)It is an internal state of an individual and it is not dynamic. 11. What does Integrative motivation imply? a)It does not imply that students want to learn languages. b)It implies a desire to learn the language in order to relate to the target language culture. c)It implies a subjective feeling of tension, apprehension, nervousness, and worry associated with an arousal of the autonomic nervous system. 12. What is anxiety? a)It is the desire to learn a second language. b)It is the subjective feeling of tension, apprehension, nervousness, and worry associated with an arousal of the autonomic nervous system. c)It is an internal state of the individual influenced by needs, and/or beliefs which generate an interest and desire to achieve a goal, and moves the individual to attain it with a continued effort. 13. What does Coopersmith refer to when he says “it indicates the extent to which an individual believes himself to be capable, significant, successful and worthy�? a)Attribution. b)Self-efficacy. c)Self-esteem. 14. People tend to be sociable, like to take risks, they are lively and active are.. a. extroverted


b. introverted c. none of them 15. The ability to put oneself in another’s place in order to understand that person better is.. a. empathy b. inhibition c. tolerance 16. Howard Gardner devised…. Intelligences: a. 10 b. 9 c. 3 17. The intelligence which is related to art designing and space calculations, like to draw and design, very good at finding destinations in a map is called: a. Interpersonal intelligence b. Linguistic intelligence c. Visual/spatial intelligence 18. They think about correct grammar and sentence structure when they speak. This is a main characteristic of: a. A good language learner b. An average language learner c. A bad language learner 19.The personality variable “Risk-taking” is: a. Willingness to take risks b. Avoiding taking risks


c. Ability to put oneself in another’s place 20. Interpersonal intelligence: This is related to social.. a. communication b. learning c. behaviour POWER POINT 3 ORAL COMMUNICATION AND INTERACTION 1. Teaching a living language implies: a. understandingits conversational modality b. speaking the language fluently. c. understanding each word. 2. Basic principles of teaching oral communication within a curricular design for beginners are: a. use of syntactic features. b. lexical and textual elements have priority. c. a and b are correct and contents need to follow "real life! FL and oral interaction is needed. 3.

A simple greeting ora question and the respective verbal and

physical answers are enough to makelearners active participants in a simple conversation. a. True. b. False. 4. TPR techniques are: a. the initial interactive verbal tools for FL acquisition. b. the last interactive verbal tool for FL acquisition.


c. games. 5. When performing roles and developing skills children may reproduce TPR techniques, ask the questions they can already answer... a. direct symbol dictation. b. perform dialogues and role plays. c. a and b are correct. 6. To create an encouraging atmosphere an the classroom it is recommended: a. the use of gestures, drawings and body language b. only the use of gestures. c. nothing interesting. 7. Which recommendation shouldn't be taken into account when teaching? a. Disturbing noises are very helpfull in a class b. Acoustic references may encourage comprehension c. Visual support is sometimes necessary. 8. A silent period is recommended together with‌.. a) A great deal of listening activities b) A great deal of grammar activities. c) A great deal of reading activities 9. According to Brown and Yule, one of the main characteristics of audiotapes and video recordings is that‌ a) When there are two or more speakers, their voices should be clearly distinguished b) A single speaker with a clear voice is recommended in early listening tasks.


c) All of the above . 10. The use of videotape and video recordings will complete the … a) motivation to take part into role plays. b) fantasy to take part into imaginary situations. c) comprehensible input provided by the teacher. 11. Visual support in nearly listening activities…. a) is never necessary b) is sometimes necessary c) is always necessary 12. Listening is important because….. a) It is needed for real life. b) It allows pupils to distinguish sounds, stress, intonation patterns. c) All of the above. 13. The most efficient approach to teach listening with comprehension is through : a) Silent Way b) Total Physical Response. c )Grammar Translation. 14. Which of these instructions are useful in Symbol Dictation? a) Before the command is given, the topic must be clear. b) FL is not permitted while doing the activity. c) Symbols needn’t be familiar to the listener. 15. Songs in teaching oral English: a) bring variety to the lesson.


b) do not contribute to the improvement of pronunciation. c) provide example which have no relation with everyday language. 16. According to …. Theory, the use of music as a vehicle for L2 learning is very useful. a) Bruner’s Cognitivism b) Skinner’s Structuralism c) Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence 17. Which of these recommendations for the exploitation of songs is not true: a) Students are asked to identify deliberately introduced mistakes. b) Providing students with a gapped version of the song which they must complete is an useless activity. c) Singing the song. 18. What does ‘Eclectic approach’ on the spelling instruction mean? a) explicit instructional methods. b) implicit instructional methods. c) a combination of both explicit and implicit instructional methods. 19. To teach rules on spelling, the teacher must: a) repeat, practice and cyclically revise them with students. b) provide students with plenty of examples. c) both answers a and b are correct. 20. The dual-route model to spelling acquisition: a) postulates that the phonological route is the only way to learn spelling. b) postulates that there are two separate neural pathways and both are necessary to learn spelling.


c) postulates that the visual-orthographic procedure is the only way to learn spelling.

POWER POINT 4 READING 1. Reading involves: a) Receptive procedures and written communication b) Oral communication and listened procedures c) Oral procedures and spoken communication 2. Reading activates: a) A chair of cognitive processes in making sense of communication b) A chair of cognitive processes in making sense of texts c) A chair of cognitive processes in making sense of interpretations 3. We read for pleasure: a) Poems and short stories b) Public signs and web sites c) Postcards and letters 4. Texts should be adapted to: a) The writer’s cognitive development b) The teacher’s cognitive development c) The learner’s cognitive development 5. Readers interpret the written material using: a) Their background knowledge b) The orthography


c) The comparison with spoken language

6. In a foreign language, a reader first recognizes: a) Phrases b) Individual letters c) Sentences 7. It may enhance the motivation for reading a) Phonetic skills b) Syntactic skills c) Morphological skills 8. Top-down process starts from: a) The lower levels b) The higher levels c) Both 9. The most common type of reading is: a) Scanning b) Silent reading c) Reading aloud 10.

This style of reading is very common in everyday life

a) Scanning b) Silent reading c) Skimming 11.

Intensive reading

a) Focuses on linguistic and content accuracy.


b) It is used to exemplify different aspects of the lexical, syntactic and discourse systems. c) Answers a and b are correct. 12.

Extensive reading

a) Is more oriented towards grasping a general understanding of the text for the purpose of enjoyment or learning. b) Texts used for extensive reading are usually short texts c) Is more oriented towards grasping a general understanding of the text for the purpose of grasping specific information. 13.

Following Day and Bamford (2000), some principles for the

teaching of extensive reading are: a) Reading is usually slower than faster and students read as much as possible. b) Students select, what they want to read and reading is individual and silent. c) A variety of material on a wide range of material is possible and students don´t need the guidance of the teacher to the goals of the programme. 14.

According to Celce-Murcia (2001) some important goals

that should be considered in any extensive reading programme are: a) Students´ language abilities, select appropriate text materials and teacher attitudes. b) Plan specific curricula in relation to specific goals, select appropriate text materials and students written skills. c) Students´ language abilities, select appropriate materials and diversify students´reading experiences. 15.

Simenson (1987) classifies texts for extensive reading into:


a) Authentic, pedagogic and adapted b) Authentic, didactic and graded c) Authentic, didactic and adapted 16.

Some characteristics of Oxford graded readers are:

a) Vocabulary and structured are graded b) The attention is driven towards the text so there are not many illustrations c) It is usually divided into more than three stages. 17.

Grabe and Stoller (2001) hightlight five main goals of pre-

reading instruction: a) It enables the student to access background knowledge b) It stimulates student interest c) a and b are correct 18.

According to Madrid and McLaren (1995) some pre-reading

tasks are: a) Identifying the topic of the text, exploring key vocabulary and using available visual support. b) Anticipating

and

predicting

information,

checking

background

knowledge and be in silent. c) Identifying the topic of the text, exploring all the vocabulary and anticipating and predicting information. 19.

Some tasks during reading texts are:

a) Deducing the meaning and use of unfamiliar lexical items, making inferences and understanding figurative language b) Understanding relations within a sentence, distinguishing the main idea from supporting details, extracting salient points to summarise and scanning to obtain specific information


c) a and b are correct answers. 20.

Some post-reading tasks can be:

a) Asking comprehension questions b) Eliciting reader´s own interpretations c) Completing a chart.

POWER POINT 5 WRITING IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE 1. We can understand writing as: a) The ability to communicate with each other and express our own ideas in speaking form b) The ability to communicate with each other and express our own ideas in written form. c) The ability to communicate with each other and express our own ideas in listening form

2. We should promote receptive and productive skills‌.: a) Individually b) In an integrative way. c) Global and in a integrative way

3. Grammatical skills in writing involves : a) The organization of pieces of information into paragraphs. b) Spelling, punctuation and layout c) Efficient use of grammar structures and constructions


4. Organization skills concerns: a) The organization of pieces of information into paragraphs and texts. b) The learner´s capacity to select the most appropriate meaning in a range of styles. c) The ability to use linguistic cohesive devices.

5. The tendency to mark written work by looking for grammatical errors is the best way to mark writing skill. a)True b) False. Incorrect use of punctuation or miss-spelling should also be taken into consideration.

6. Types of correction: a) Teacher correction and self correction. b) Self correction and peer correction. c) Teacher correction, peer correction and self correction.

7. If the teacher provides the correct answers on the board, this could be used to: a) Self correction. b) Peer correction and self correction. c) Neither a or b are correct answers.


8. Which context is very important is spoken language? a) situational context b) linguistic context c) formal context

9. Written language is: a) spontaneous and implicit b) formal, permanent and deliberated. c) immediately feedback and expressive.

10. Pupils tend to see writing as a/an: a) didactic activity b) dynamic activity c) imposed activity

11. Written language is. a) A deliberate and conscious process b) An spontaneous and improvised activity c) A process of situational understanding

12. Are examples of Creativity Writing : a) Poems, songs, stories, rhymes b) Reviews and summaries c) both


13. Learners will be more motivated if they write for ‌ a) other readers than the teacher b) theirselves c) the teacher and nobody else.

14. In spoken language: a) None response is obtained b) An immediate response is obtained from the audience c) A distant response is obtained from the audience 15. Students perspective about writing: a) Need for a real audience to give authenticity to this exercise. b) There is immediate feedback c)it’s a cooperative work 16. Writing is important in the teaching/learning process of languages because: a)It is not a useful learning tool. b)It helps to consolidate and reinforce the learning of other knowledge (grammar, vocabulary, etc.). c)It is not a useful communication channel 17. Controlled writing: a) is when the teacher offers the pupil linguistic material to be used following precise guidelines, b) controlle the pupil’s production and reduce the possibility of mistakes c) both are correct


18. Creative, expressive writing or writing for fluency is named as: a) Free writing b) Guided writing c) Controlled writing 19. As teachers we can support children in their writing process: a) Act as literacy models b) Provide them with a literacy environment c) a and b are correct answers 20. Which of these sentences is correct? a) We will focus on accuracy rather than meaning. b) Learning to write is a gradual, dynamic, progressive and developmental process. c) We have to encourage children to write about things that they haven´t read about in order to develop their intelligence. POWER POINT 6 EVALUATION 1.Language proficiency refers to the competence or ability to use and understand a language for a specific purpose. a) Sometimes b)True c) False 2. Who argued that the nature of second language proficiency is global? a)Oller. b)Vigotsky.


c)Locke 3. Oller proposes pragmatic or integrative texts to: a) evaluate the learner´s capacity to understand interpret and produce messages. b) evaluate the learner´s writing. c) evaluate the learner´s vocabulary. 4. Evaluation focuses on the overall experience: a) Not always. b) True. c)False 5. Who is one of the chief proponents of product-oriented approaches? a) Hammon. b) Oller. c) Vigotsky. 6. Evaluation can be: a) Internal. b) External c) Both of the previous answers are correct 7. An item test must not “discriminate” students. a) true b) false c) it depends on the meaning of “discriminate” 8. The most repeated score in a test is called: a) mode


b) range c) standard deviation 9.Tests are: a)Main measuring instruments b)A kind of marks c)An instrument to read 10.Communicative ítems focus on: a)Aspects of English language only b)Aspects of language c)Listening 11.An interview is an example of: a)listening b)writing c)listening-speaking 12.There are two general qualities that determine the success of the learner. These are: a)fluency and propositional precision b)fluency and listening skill c)fluency and communicative ability 13. When evaluating the student’s written production, we can apply between the following criteria: a)Use of vocabulary, spelling, punctuation and coherence b) Grammar, cohesion and Organisation of the text c) both are correct 14. Fluency is the ability to:


a)Formulate thoghts b)articulate and keep going in communication acts c)speak quickly 15. When a test is administered to the same group of students without further information and the results are the same this test is: a) Valid b) Authentic c) Reliable 16. When a test measures what is intented to measure, the test is: a) Valid b) Practical c) Reliable 17. If a test is consistent with the theory of language on which is based, it refers to: a) Content validity b) Authenticity c) Construct validity 18. Which kind of test does not take into account the syllabus? a) Achievement tests b) Standardised tests c) Aptitude tests 19. It is typically administered at the beginning of the School year. a) Diagnosis tests b) Aptitude tests c) Progress tests


20. In testing requirements, content validity means that: a) The test contains a representative sample of the elements that the teacher wants to test. b) The items or questions if a test must be related to real-life tasks and activities c) The test is consistent with the theory of language on which it is based on.


Preguntas