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ac4i7^^ S-^JT*]®" BF1508 .T34 1922

^®®^HiiiMiiHliiiii!i*?.'i?i'Ilf?,?rf

oljn

®^'*®**

'rom manusc

3 1924 028 957 400


THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

tSTAMENT OF SOLOMON EDITED FROM MANUSCRIPTS

AT MOUNT ATHOS BOLOGM, ,

HOLKHAM HALL, JERUSALEM, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS AND

'

" 'VIENNA

WITH INtJlOBUCTION

.

A DISSERTATION .

SUBMITTED TO THE/I ACDLTY OF TH£^

IGRADUATE DIVINITY SCHOOL IN

CANDIDACYJfQR

THfi

DEGREE OF

DOCTOR

(Department of

OF: :yilIX)SOPHY new testament and early chkjstian

literature)

BY

;

CHESTER CHARLTON Mc COWN

LEIPZIG J.

C.

HINRICHS'SCHE BUCHHAl<fDLU>IG '

;.

1922

^


= THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

THE TESTAMENT OF SOLOMON EDITED FROM MANUSCRIPTS AT MOUNT ATHOS, BOLOGNA,

^'

HOLKHAM HALL, JERUSALEM, LONDON, MILAN, PARIS AND VIENNA WITH INTRODUCTION

A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE

GRADUATE DIVINITY SCHOOL IN

{DEPARTMENT OF

CANDIDACY FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY NEW TESTAMENT AND EARLY

CHRISTIAN LITERATURE)

BY

CHESTER CHARLTON Mc COWN


o

^?y

'-^

\jt>

%\

P\5\^'S3T

Druci

1

.

Y

i

i

I

!'!

H

C)

i.)l.!ViKiU

Y>l

A)Un.i

voJiAugustPriosln

Leipzig.


TO i;

H.

D.

M.

WHOSE CONTINUED ASSISTANCE AND ENCOURAGEMENT HAVE MADE THIS WORK POSSIBLE


>1


Preface.

A

new needed. Of

of the Testament of Solomon has long been the published texts, Fleck's was a careless and intext

accurate transcription of a single manuscript, while

Istrin's,

which

was indispensable

for understanding the history of the work,

buried in Russian.

Of unpublished manuscripts several were us much nearer the original than did any of

found which take

those already printed.

is

Conybeare's investigation, while resulting

an excellent discussion and translation, labored under the disadvantage of depending upon Fleck, and, because of lack of

in

could not avoid erroneous conclusions. In consequence of the paucity of materials there was a great variety

fuller materials,

of opinion as to the origin, character, and value of the document.

This to

answer

edition cannot aspire to present all the materials nor all

the questions involved.

It is

hoped, however, that

no accessible manuscripts have been missed, and that the materials available

scholars in

have been

possession of

set forth in all

such a manner as to put

data necessary for accurate con-

clusions.

When

the task was begun, the intention

was

to edit the text

of Fleck's manuscript with introduction, commentary, and trans-

but as the number of manuscripts discovered increased, commentary and translation were abandoned, since it was plain that the volume would be swollen beyond due proportions. The Introduction has in size far exceeded the writer's expectation and desire, and constitutes in part a commentary. The work here published has been under way for many years. Forced by ill health to leave the mission work in India lation;

the


VI

Preface.

which he had intended to give his life, the writer determined to devote himself to New Testament study, to which he had been especially attracted during his theological course under the

to

D.A.Hayes of Garrett Biblical Institute. Directed by the Expository Times he went to Heidelberg to work under Professor Adolf Deissmann. The latter with his instruction of Professor

unknown

great-heartedness received the

characteristic

student,

and after a few months suggested the Testament as a subject worthy of investigation. Prpfessor Albrecht Dieterich also promised to take an interest in the work. Upon Professor Deissmann's removal to Berlin and the untimely and lamented death of Professor Dieterich the writer decided to go to Berlin. There, beside further guidance from the former and the inspiration of the lectures of Professors dorfif;

Hermann

Professor as

Norden and von Wilamowitz-Moellen-

he had the highly prized advantage of suggestions from

was then

As

Diels,

who read

much

of the manuscript

written.

became necessary

it

as

to return to

America, the

further

prosecution of the task was interrupted except for occasional intervals during vacations until the writer to

remove

to

duties, the

Chicago where,

in

work was continued and

the supervision of Professor E.

had the good

fortune

time snatched from pedagogical

J.

practically completed under

Goodspeed.

The manuscript

has since been read hy Professors E. D. Burton and H. Windisch. Dr.

Montague Rhodes James went through

made numerous an early

it

vtry carefully and

suggestions which have been gladly used.

At

stage of the work encouragement and direction were

thankfully received from the

late Dr. Eberhard Nestle, from von Dobschiitz and E. Kurz, and especially from Dr. James, These obligations are acknowledged, but not so fully as they are felt, in the footnotes and bibliography.

Professors

1920â&#x20AC;&#x201D;21 the writer was Thayer Fellow of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem. The manuscript was put into the hands of the publisher as he was on his way to In

In browsing among the manuscripts of the Great Greek Monastery in Jerusalem he had the good fortune to discover two manuscripts, one of the Testament, one of the legend of Palestine.


VII

Preface.

Solomon's dealings with the demons.

Although the printing of

Testament has been delayed for various reasons, it was not possible to incorporate the results of the study of these manuthe

scripts in the text.

of the other,

called

A collation MS

of one, called

MS

N, and a copy

E, have been printed in the

— 128

Appendix

and 102* 120*) and a list of emendations suggested by MS N will be found on p. I2i*f. On the way to Palestine the writer passed through Milan and took occasion to visit its famous library and inspect the manuscript, Ambrosianus No. 1030, in which fragments of the Testament are found, described below, pp. 2of. Nothing new was discovered. The fragments seem to have been cut of some manuscript, perhaps for the sake of, what was on the recto^ (see pp. 112

which, in the case of Up, contains rules for gematric prognostication. This

follows the

fragment ends with the word

W text

^//£()«2;,

p.

7*

1.

15.

It

For the patience and wisdom of the editor of the series. many perplexing problems that have arisen and for the skill and carefulness of the publisher in overcoming the technical difficulties of a complicated critical Professor Windisch, in dealing with

apparatus the writer cannot express too high appreciation.

The task was practically completed at the beginning of the The course of events which has prevented publication until now has given further time for revision of the manuscript and, it is hoped, thus contributed to more careful conclusions. The work is given to the public with the hope that it may war.

as it has the writer, to a better understanding of devious ways of the ancient book maker and copyist and

assist others,

the

a better insight into the working of the popular quity,

mind ;n

anti-

and so advance the study of the genus humanum.

Berkeley, California Dec.

24.,

192 1.

Chester Charlton

McCown.


1

Contents. Seite

INTRODUCTION. 1—9

L General character and contents General character

I.

tribution to history

Jewish history tents of 11.

3.

The popular

2.

1.

faith

Con-

3.

Contribution to

of Christianity

2.

4.

The motifs of

the

work

5.

i.

3

6.

5.

Con-

MSS 6—9.

Description of the manuscripts

MS D 10. 2. MSH II. 3. MS I 12. 4. MS L isff. 8. MS T i8ff. 6. MS Q 18. 7. MS S 18. 5. MS P I5ff. 12. Athos 11. MSW25fF. 10. MS V 21— 25. 9. MSUaof. MS 27. 13. Other MSS 28 f. Modern editions, translations, and treatises

10

— 28

28

—30

30

i^

I.

III.

.

I.

Fabricius 28.

28 f.

5I

cals

Migne

29.

IV.

The I.

6.

29.

11.

Bomemann

3.

Conybeare 29.

Istrin 29.

8.

Kohler 29 f.

Fleck 28.

2.

Kurz

9.

Salzberger 30.

12.

.

4. Fiirst

Notices in periodi-

7.

10.

29.

28f.

Hamack and

Ginzberg 30.

....

textual history of the Testament The manuscript families 30 f. 2. Relationships and the recensions 32

dates of

lative

— 34,

3.

re-

Evolution of the

Testament 35 f. 4. Textual value of the manuscripts and their use in reconstructing the text 36 ff.

V. Language and style

MS D

I.

38f.

38

C

Rec.

2.

sgf.

and the original Testament 40.

lomon 40 f.

6.

Is

3. 5.

Rec.

B

Letter of

40.

4.

Adarkes

the Testament a translation? 42 f.

Rec.

A

—43

to So7.

Ten-

tative conclusion 43.

VI.

The I.

46 f.

chief ideas of the Testament Demonology 43 46. 2. Astrology 46. 3. Angelology 4. Magic and medicine 47 f. 5, Solomon 48 f. 6. Apo-

calyptic element 49 f.

7.

Syncretism 51

f.

2.

The

universal

human

Assyrian and Babylonian influences 52 fF. 54ifr. 5. Egyptian elements 55 59.

3.

fluence

ments and relationships 59 relationships 66 ff.

— 78.

8.

— 66.

7.

Christian

4. Iranian in-

Jewish

ele-

Hellenistic elements

and

elements

element 52.

6.

and relationships

Unique mater in Unique mater in Rec. B 82 f. 12. Unique matter in Rec. C 83 13. Unique matter in MS D 85 f. 14. Solomon's seal 86 f. 15. Summary and conclusions 87 if. 68_

Rec.

—5

51

— 90

Jesus Christ 50 f.

and relationships of the subject matter

VII. Sources I.

43

A

9.

82.

Arabic folklore 78 II.

fi".

82.

10.


X

Contents. Seite

VIIL The Testament I.

90

in literature

and history

.

90—104

.

.

Solomonic books of healing and magic among the Jews 94,

2.

Solomonic books among the Arabs 94.

Among

3.

— 104.

Christians 94

IX.

The date of I.

3.

the Testament and

Previous opinions as to date 105

f.

its ^s.

recensions

105—108

.

Conclusions 106 f.

Date of the original Jewish ground work 108.

4.

Date

of the recensions 108.

I.

Authorship: Opinions 108 f.

109.

3.

Provenience 109

f.

2.

— in

108

X. Authorship and provenience Autorship: Conclusions

Provenience of the recen-

4.

sions III,

112— 126

Appendix A. ManuscriptN with a list of variant readings pp. 1 12 B. Manuscript

E

pp. 123

— 126,

— 123.

BIBLIOGRAPHY I.

11.

III.

127-136

Editions and reprints

127

Translations

127

Treatises

and discussions

128

IV. General bibliography with abbreviations I. Dictionaries, encyclopedias, and periodicals 128 if. .

2.

Modem

authors 130

.

.

....

Compendia Original Text of Testament Text of Recension C Text of Manuscript D I1^q\ tov 2Joko/iwvTog Conspectus Titulorum Sigilla Anuli Salomonis Text of Manuscript E Ac^yrj^tg

:

.

5*

j^^ .

.

.

.

jcsqI

tov ^o/LofiSvtog

Textum

123*— 166* 123*

Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

III.

Greek words

Modern Greek words

.

,

**.

V. Subjects and Persons VI. Quotations from Ancient

102*

122*

Grammar and syntax

IV.

98*

121*

INDEXES 11.

88* 100*

Corrigenda

I.

i*— 122* 3*

Sigla et

in

— 136

— 136.

TEXTS WITH CRITICAL APPARATUS

Emendationes

128

Authors

130*

134* 161*

i5l* i5c*


THE TESTAMENT OF SOLOMON. INTRODUCTION. I.

GENERAL CHARACTER AND CONTENTS.

The Testament of Solomon

1.

is

a combination of folktales

and a magician's vade-mecum. In its interpretations of Scripture and its legends of biblical personages it reminds one of the

Haggadah.

In

relate

it

stories

its

of

Arabian Nights.

similar to the

demons and Its

their activities

it

is

magical formulae and recipes

to the execration tablets, the amulets,

and the magical

papyri of antiquity, and to the medical recipe books of the

The same combination of

Middle Ages.

naive popular science

and laboriously learned philosophy runs indirectly into the Faust literature, and directly into the Clavicula Salomonis, the "Key of All Mysteries"

i.

It

is

a product of those three pseudo-sci-

ences which have brought more disappointed hopes and abject terrors

to

mankind than any others:

astrology,

demonology,

and magic. 2. It is

as a leaf

Testament has

its

intense interest,

from the

chief value.

when one

common

man's thinking that the

Its superstitious puerilities

thinks of

and fears of the vast majority of mankind. of Marcus Aurelius and the "Confessions" of the door to

arouse

them as recording the hopes

The St.

"Meditations"

Augustine open

the innermost thoughts of two great personalities

who have done much

mould the life of their own and all Books like the Testament help one to understand the psychological reactions of the great shadowy to

succeeding generations.

1 Cf, infra,

UNT.

9:

p.

McCown.

14 and n.

i.


Character and Contents.

2

army

why

of

men who

followed these leaders afar off. They explain emperor, who had learned "not to give

philosophical

the

what was said by miracle- workers and jugglers about incantations and the driving away of demons and such things" should have allowed two lions to be cast into the Danube with elaborate ceremonies and costly sacrifices, in the vain hope of winning success for the Roman arms, and should have consulted credit to

i,

the Chaldeans to

cure Faustina's infatuation for a gladiator 2

demonology and magic had a tremendous hold upon the great body of mankind. The Testament

In spite

of their absurdities

is doubly welcome, since unfortunately we have too few first hand sources in this field 3. 3. The document also makes a contribution to a most important chapter in the early history of Christianity, coming as it probably does from the fourth century, or earlier, and embo-

dying much older materials. the

The

work

is

One

of the prominent motifs

in

the conception of Christ as conqueror of demons.

Christian compiler combines a simple, unhesitating faith

in

the efficacy of the pagan formulae he cites with an inconsistent trust in

the superior power of Christus invictus.

Dion Cassias

famous thunder storm that miraculously refreshed and discomfited their enemies during the Marcomannic war to the magic arts of an Egyptian sorcerer*. The Christians claimed the marvel came in answer to the prayers of the 'Thundering Legion', and made the incident a powerful argument for the new faiths Our author, combining the two ascribes

the

the

Roman

legions

contradictory points of view, stands as a representative of the great majority of the Christians of his time, to

1 Meditations

2

Dill,

3 The

their faith

I 6.

Marcus Aurelins. London

Roman

Society

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 450;

Lucian, Alexander 48.

1905, pp. 446

whom

from Nero

to

:

Macmillan,

some measure fills the gap in our knowledge of ancient by the missing books of Hippolytus' Refntatio (II and III>

Test in

superstitions left

4 Hist. LXXI 8. 5 Eusebius {HE v

5) quotes as his authority Claudius ApoUinaris, who addressed an apology to Marcus Aurelius, TertuUian makes the same apologetic use of the story, Cf. the account of Dion with that of Xifilinus in Dio Cassius

Cocceianus ed. Bossewain, III 259

f.


Character and Contents.

o

was but another superstition superimposed upon the old. It was impossible all at once to replace, the old sensuous paganism with a spiritual and ethical monotheism. During the long struggle

was fearfully debased and weakened. How much was carried over into the new religion the Testament of Solomon helps one partly to realize. 4. Another important semce the Testament renders in that Christianity

of the old

it

represents, so far as

it is

Jewish, "pre-Talmudic demonology"^,

and one might add, Palestinian demonology.

much more than

of both Christian

fusion

be found

in

it,

and

2.

eliminated, as they can

be of

Jew

in

5.

A

sure,

pro-

the

thought world of

century of our

first

era,

and

it is,

church history,

Testament and the Jewish scholar.

complete table of contents

The aim of

section.

to the

New

A

document must

therefore, important not only for the student of

but for the

be

to

However, when once these elements are be with some certainty, the Test comes

real assistance in reconstructing the

the Palestinian

is,

and pagan ideas and materials are to

until these are indicated, the

be used with caution to

It

a Christian revision of a Jewish work.

is

given at the end of this

the present paragraph's to call attention

main ideas that enter

into the construction of the work.

In the two chief recensions the story in brief

is as follows: In response to his prayers Solomon receives his famous magic ring,

order that he

in

who the

is

King

activities

calls

of

frustrates

the

may

workman on the Temple, by a demon. By means of the ring demon before him, learns the powers and protect a favorite

being tormented

future.

all

each,

the

the demons, the formula, or angelic name^ which

and

in addition

The demons

many

secrets of nature

and of

are used to perform various tasks in

connection with the building of the temple. with an account of Solomon's

The

story ends

because of his love for a Shunamite girl, and of the consequent loss of his power over the demons. This simple framework, without plot or progresis fall

of thought, allows the introduction of a bizarre medley of stories

1 Dr. Kohler,

2 V. infra

art.

"Demonology"

III 12, a criticism of

in

JE

IV 518

a,

Ginzberg's use of the Test^

I*


Character and Contents.

4

The writer's chief interest is medico-magical. make known to the world what the diseases and which demons bring to mankind, and how their male-

about demons.

He

writes

ills

are

to

be frustrated. His angelology is only a foil to his demonology, for God's messengers come to earth solely for the purpose of counteracting demonic agency. The motif of temple building, which introduces the story, is wellvolent designs are

to

maintained throughout, entering into almost every section. Yet, ostensibly primary,

while

it

is

really subordinate;

it

is

part of

the background against which the author can display his demonological knowledge. Another motif is the wisdom and glory of Solomon. This also is kept continually in mind throughout the entire narrative. In one brief section the demons are for the

moment

entirely forgotten, while the magnificence of Solo-

and the homage rendered him by other nations are described. Though the "Queen mon's

buildings,

of the South"

is

the

wealth

of his

introduced as

treasury,

a sorceress {yoriq),

a trace of the Jinn of the Bilkis legend.

it

is

without

However, Solomon's

power is due to his ring, his wisdom and magnificence to what the demons have taught him and done for him, and thus the whole is brought within the writer's circle of ideas. Another very natural interest betrays itself. No doubt many an inquiring mind had asked how the magicians came to know the secret names and incantations by which the demons In a well known Egyptian legend, Isis, the could be laid. sorceress,

divine

wishes to

learn the secret,

allpowerful

name

be bitten by a serpent, and he must reveal the name before she can cure him ^. The question which inspired the Egyptian story is more satisfactorily ansof Re.

She causes him

to

by the

Solomon's magic ring forces the Testament before his death writes all this wise king and the revelations, hidden lore in a "Testament", which is handed down to future

wered

generations,

1

name

that

they

may be

demonic tormentors.

their

is

Erman, Handbook of

the

It

is

able to in

this

Egyptian Religion^

p.

escape the wiles of connection that the

154

not pronounced aloud, and' the reader never learns

if. it.

Unfortunately the


Character and Contents,

motivation for the story of Solomon's

5 fall

is

not unskillfuUy

supplied. According to one manuscript^, a demon foretells the sad end of the King's glory, and, when the prophecy is fulfilled,

chastened monarch,

the

demons have

work

of contents, the

ponderating interest 6.

is

of the truth

satisfied

told him, writes

down.

it

of

Thus, with

all

that the

variety

all its

a real unity, owing to the writer's pre-

magic and demonology^.

in

following inventory of the contents of the recensions

The

of the Testament is intended to show in the most concise manner what the various forms of the work contain. By comparison of the numbers in this list with those of the ^'Comparative Table" opposite it will be plain at once what part of the total material each manuscript contains. References to chapter and section

Greek text

or to pages of the

survey of the

hoped, render the rapid

will, it is

latter easier.

The "Comparative Table"

is

intended to show the material

contained in each manuscript, and thus to illustrate the relations

The

of the manuscripts one to another.

scripts into families, or recensions, here

other considerations, as will appear

by

table

this

divisions of the

adopted

later.

is

manu-

supported by

Yet the proof

offered

so simple and decisive that further evidence

is

is

hardly necessary. In the

numbers

The

table

the

in

letters, a, b,

the figures

conspectus

and

c,

used

at

the

left refer to

the sectional

of contents on the opposite page. in the

columns pretaining to the

manuscripts, stand for Recensions A, B, and C, and indicate that the recension

Where one that to

that

in

it.

contains the material of the section in question.

of the letters:

The

section cipher:

the

o

d, h,

i,

1,

p, etc.,

appears,

it

indicates

manuscript shows material peculiar

indicates

that

the

section

is

wanting

through the carelessness of the scribe or accident to the manuscript,

by

not

intentional omission

on the part of the editor of

the recension.

1 P,

XV

14

f.,

the only complete

2 Schiirer, 6^^^111419, literatur".

is

MS.

But

see

MS N

in?

appendix.

hardly right in calling the TVj^ "Unterhaltungs-


7

n6

4

1

Contents of the Recensions,

a) 1.

Prefatory matter (not originally part of Tesi)

Title

2.

Doxology

3.

David's sin with Bathsheba,

4.

Failure of God's attempt to stop David,

5.

Nathan's reproof of David,

6. 7. ,8.

D

D

I

I 7

— 3I

i

9.

4

I

Solomon's birth, reign, power, and wisdom, D Solomon's prayer; command to build Temple, Building of Temple,

D

II

i

Test I

cf.

;

b) Testament proper, matter

10.

D

— 11

The

favorite slave, or chief architect, I affliction

by

a vampire.. I 2

D

3;

i

;

D

to majority of

Solomon's prayer about the matter,

12.

Solomon examines

the slave, I 3f.

3

Solomon's supplication for

18.

The answer, a magic ring, The inscription on the ring (not original) ^ Solomon gives the ring to the slave, I 8f.; D II Sf. The capture of the demon, Ornias, I 10 14; D II 10 — 13. Solomon examines Ornias, II i 9, D III i

19.

Ornias fetches Beelzebul,

17.

MSS

;

13.

16.

—5

II 2

14. 15.

1

II 2

I 3; D II D II 3f. him, I 5; D II 5 I 6f.; D II 6f.

11.

Prol.

i

common

His

I i2f.

UVW^,

who

examined,

is

III

21.

summoned and examined, IV i — 12 Asmodaeus summoned and examined, V 1 — 5

22.

Asmodaeus

i

7<j

20. Onoskelis

further examined,

23. Beelzebul re-examined, 24.

Lix Tetrax, VII

25.

The seven

26.

Phonos, IX

c)

VI

i

V6 — 136 "^

1

i-8 8

sister vices,

VIII

i

— 12

1—79 Testament proper continued

Punishment of Phonos, IX 8 28. Kyon, or Rhabdos, and the green

in

Recensions

A

and

B

27.

29. Leontophoron,

V

XI

i

stone,

X

i

1 For compendia employed to indicate MSS see below, II. 2 U contains only a few lines in § 4 and again in Nos. 52 and 53. 3 About th^ middle of I 2 HI and PQ unite. 4 The inscription on the ring in HI and T is found also in an amulet (Vr) not connected with the Test. 5 Q resumes in section 40 below.

in


Comparative Table. Rec. A.


7

5

7

3

2

6

Contents of the Recensions.

30.

Koryphe drakonton, XII 1—6

31.

Obyzuth, XIII

1—7 XIV 1^8

32. Pterodrakon,

*

33.

Enepsigos and the origin of the

34.

Kynopegos,

35. 36.

XVI

i

Test,

XV i— 15

The cave spirit, XVII The thirty-six decani^

i

XVIII

or elements,

i

— 41

Treatment of decani, XVIII 42 (of all demons, XVIII 42 38. Solomon's power and glory, XIX if. 37.

39. Saba,

Queen of the South, XIX

—44,

D

III

3

Quarrelsome father and son; Ornias' prophecy, XX i 2\\ D IV 41. The "Queen of the South" in the Temple, XXI 1—4, D VI 1—8 20, D VI 9 42. Ephippas, pest and wind demon of Arabia, XXII i 40.

i

— 18

— 11

46.

Ephippas and the corner-stone, _XXIII i 4, D VI 9 11 Ephippas, Abezethibu, and the air-pillar, XXIV 1—5, D VI 12—14 Abezethibu examined, XXV i 9^ Solomon's fall through the Shunamite, XXVI i 7 5

47.

The

43. 44.

45.

XXVI XXVI 10 5

writing of the Test,

48. Closing doxology,

H

8

(H XXVI

d) Close of

49. 50.

5—9.

8f.)5

MS D

Solomon and the demon prince, Samael, VII The glory and wisdom of Solomon, VIII i

i

e)

New

material in Recension

C

The request and promise of Phonos, IX 8 Magical recipe, IX 9^-106 53*^ 53. List of demons and their signs, X i 54. Onoskelu summoned and examined (second account) XI 9^ 55. The request and promise of Onoskelu, XI 7 6" 56. Solomon's conversation with Paltiel Tzamal, XII i 51. 52.

57. Paltiel

Tzamal

secures a

"new

testament," XIII

58.

The

59.

Solomon's conclusion and signature, XIII 15

preservation of the "great mystery,"

60. Subscription of copyist of

1

MSS HL

MS V

omit

XIV 3-XVI

P

has an unique

2 In XVIII 4

i.

e.,

an inflated one.

sections

The B

H

— 6^

— — 12

Rec. C, XIII i3f.

(partly cryptographic)

i.

text.

L

breaks off at the end of XVIII

3 In XIX P has numerous additions. 4 MS Q reappears in XX 10. P often has 5 In many

i

i

a longer text than

presents a highly abbreviated text, in

text is here

probably

better.

28.

H.

XXVI 8—10


Comparative Table.


lO

Manuscript D,

,

DESCRIPTION OF THE MANUSCRIPTS.

II.

that

The manuscripts are here described in the briefest manner seemed consistent with the desire to put the reader in posmain

of the

session

importance and

facts

their

necessary to estimate their relative

They

relationships.

are taken up in the

order in which they appear in the foregoing table, that

is,

fol-

lowing the alphabetical order of the letters which have been chosen to symbolize them, which is also the order of priority

development of the

in the

D

I.

Test.

Dionysius monastery, Mt. Athos, No. 132^

XVI

ff.

367^â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

rov 2oXofi<5vTog] published by Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4; collated by photograph^, from which the title is missing; pages of Tesl 374^,

deleted

by

cent;

entitled it^Qi

transverse lines

^

no description of the manuscript. The photograph shows it to have been carefully and correctly written and well preserved; it seems to be in small format. The hand is heavy, round, and beautifully clear, with the customary ligatures gives

Istrin

and abbreviations. Orthography and punctuation (comma, ques-

and period) are exceptionally good.

tion mark,

script

The

iota sub-

The ^ is often written like an v. In one word was added at the bottom of the page; order of two clauses was reversed by putting

lacking.

is

instance an omitted in

the

another the letter

^ before the

there are no

first,

a before the second ^

important corrections or erasures.

A

Otherwise later

hand

has added marginal notes giving some of the subjects mentioned

The title given by Istrin appears to have been above the ornamental head-piece, and only the lower part of the letter jt appears in the photograph. The Solomonic writing, which fills eight leaves, was wrongly bound. The leaves in

the

text.

written

are

the

in

order 367â&#x20AC;&#x201D;371, 374, 373, 372.

The page on which

1 Secured during tlie summer of 1914 through Leipzig-Marienbrunn, by whose permission it is used.

2 3

It

by Lambros

does not appear to be noticed

xitcrtifxe

occurs for

xextijf^ai,

always written with the grave accent.

I

10;

Dr,

Heinrich Jantsch,

in his Catalogue,

oixela for Gttia 112,4;

<prjol is


D

Manuscripts

and H.

II

the next selection begins appears to be 375. Tiie writing covers

only about two-thirds of

f.

374^, something having been erased

from the remainder of the page. F.366^ contains the conclusion of a religious or ecclesiastical writing which I do not recognize K

On

f

begins a selection described in another hand as

37S''

tovg alQsrixovc, X6y{oi) 2,

H

kif,

q>illa

Holkham

England, No. 99, described in the cataon paper, Quarto

Norfolk,

Hall,

b\ Earl of Leicester,

Private library of the

elc

logue as "Opuscula theologica varia,

XV

and

XVI

16x21.5; 35

The easily

cent'"

^-i

The

blank,

making 68 pages;

d^^XTjg

ooXoftmvrog, etc;

writing

is

Test

is

unnumbered; f

large, round,

cent; cm. f.

35 verso

unpublished

well preserved,

and

intelligently used,

is

and

y and

clear;

v,

s

3,

and a may

Ligatures and abbreviations are frequent;

be confused.

.which

recto

entitled dn^yrjcfig jisqI rrjg 6ta-

iotacism often appears; the iota subscript tion,

XV

of the

i

The punctua-

rare.

is

consists mainly of the period,

placed sometimes higher, sometimes lower. Corrections and erasures are rare.

It

is

the only manuscript which boasts rubrics

placed before the chief divisions of the story. The page

The

title

and the

x^iQovaa naQaaxTlqi xaq aidlovg ixelvovg (in -ag and ends, ov 6^ xal rjuelq ftETQtwg fisv ^vtavO^a, nXovlalwg 6s ixet xalg aatq oalaig eijxtxTg int\ xvxoifJ.sv' ;^a<)iTi xov K(vgio)v xal 0{so)v xal G[wxif)Q{o)q r)fXo>v l(7joo)r 1

corr.)

xal S-siag

begins,

\

iXXdfjttpeig nXov\alQ)g asl Ssxofiivrj

x(qiozo)v' (pln^eTCSt itaaa

(Colalrt^u/),

.

.

.,

\

etc.

2 It is called ^lEjc^fia^e xax iTtizoft^v ^xov xwv laHQ)p'Cx(bv\S6yfxaxog' xal x(by aXXoDv ibv notova'C naQO. x^jv\ixxXriaiaarii<^v xal d^S-oSo^ov niaxiv xe xccl 7ia^d\6oaiv' ovyyQa<petaa naQd. drjfirjXQlov fxrixQ07io\XLXOv ^vt^vxov ix tcqoXQ07ii]{(g)) xov (fiXoxQiotov xwvaxavxlvov xov noQ<pvQoy£VV'^xov v\ov X£ov\xog \

xov oofpov^ iv y seal nsgl twv xax'itx'C,aQl<Dv: Inc.: ^EitetSri aov x^v vneQ(fwrj xal x<b ovxt paaiXixa)xdxi]v <pvaiv ^^aiQBXov xt XQfjfia d-{Eb)g xui xoafio) the page ends with xal ngbg xov xwv laxwpixibv 6tccv6oxriaev iSco^rjaaxo .: .

^sXeyxov

|

.

Sg av

fi^\xal ovxoi dieox^a/ipiiva xal ^Xdatprjf^a Soyftaxa.

3 Professor Deissmann very kindly made inquiries concerning the Tesi while lecturing in Cambridge in 1907. Dr. M. R. James informed him of the Holkham Hall MS, and later was so kind as to send me a copy of the first nineteen pages. In January, 1908, I went to Holkham and, through the generosity of the owner and the goodness of the librarian, Alexander I. Napier, Esq., was allowed to collate the MS in the library of the Hall. It is published by permission of the owner.


Manuscripts

12 letters

initial

of the

lesser

H

and

I.

are

sections

also in red.

In

XXII

has been mistaken for /. q for Aside from the Test the contents of the codex are theological and ecclesiastical. There is nothing to indicate its prolo,

II

venience except a tract copied in the same hand as the Test and called in the catalogue '']ohdiTints Canabutii magistri ad

principem Aeni et Samothraciae" ^ This seems to point to Greece. 3.

BibHotheque Nationale, Paris, Supplement grec, No. 500, XVI cent, paper, cm. 16x22; ff. 78â&#x20AC;&#x201D;82; entitled coXoficovTogf etc., with diad-rjxT] rov added in a careless

I

hand

in the

published

The are

writing

upper margin of the page; well preserved; Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4.

by

is fine;

slender,

extremely frequent and

pendia numerous.

lotacism

is

graphy appears occasionally; script

is

wanting;

the

and somewhat crowded;, ligatures abbreviations and com-

intricate,

comparatively rare; Attic orthoe.

g.,

(pgirxo:) (II i);

punctuation

(comma and

the iota subperiod),

the

and the use of breathings and accents correct. Corrections and erasures are very rare. Although a broad margin has been left, marginal variants and glosses are wanting. division of words,

The

title

with a conventional ornamental head-piece above

the magical inscription of the ring, and occasional

it,

initial letters

of sections are rubricated.

The codex

contains

a miscellaneous collection of

philosophical, ethical, theological,

and

classical,

biblical writings, including

and Canticles, some of them unfinished. The Test follows the two Solomonic works just mentioned. Unfortunately, as with some of the other works, the copyist soon became weary of the stories of the many demons and broke off in the middle of a sentence and a column, when he had written about one sixth of the Test, The well known Greek scholar, Minoides Minas, whose name appears on one of the fly leaves at the back, owned the codex, and through his heirs it came into the Bibliotheque Nationale in Ecclesiastes

1 Johannes Canabutzes was a Graeco-Italian from Chios, Krumbacher, BLg,

fifteenth century,

first

half of the-


Manuscripts

I

and L.

I

^

Minas had been under commission from the French goto seek manuscripts in European Turkey, Asia Minor,

1864.

vernment

Mt

and especially at

Doubtless

unknown.

L

4.

Athos.

XV

cm. 23x34,

acquired this one

in the

is

Levant ^

Museum, No. SS96; 58 ff., paper, in the printed catalogue described cent,

MSS,

Harleian

Where he

was somewhere

it

British

as "Geomantica, exorcismi, divinationes et huius modi,"

with the addition in the written "Class-catalogue" of the

words *'quaedam Salomonis;" well preserved, unpubliFour fragments are used as follows: i) ff. 8^ i8s the title, originally missing, supplied by a later hand

shed.

in

"Quomodo Solomon

Latin:

cum

colloquitus

spiritibus

aedificaturus

templum

multa

edoctus,''

et

fuit,

33^ and 4) ff. 39"^— 4i'- (On the last three fragments, which are designated by T, see below\)

2)

The

f.

r—1\

writing

run together,

is

f.

3)

and heavy; it is somewhat clear, and not without are frequent, compendia

low, broad, round,

yet

it

is

regular,

very

beauty.

Abbreviations and ligatures

less so.

lotacism

appear.

The comma

is

not frequent.

The

iota subscript does not

(rather infrequent), the period, and, at the

end of the more importand sections, a the punctuation.

A

wanting.

Erasures,

later

corrections,

hand has added

triple period make up and Greek glosses are

in Latin,

besides the

occasional marginal notices and translations, and has

a

cross

and

circle those peculiar directions for the

a

unique.

The

MS

being the only one

They

are seven to eight

centimeters wide, and contain twenty

letter,

information regarding

Regarding d'une

list

lines.

In fragment

used except on the seal of Solomon.

1 In a personal

me

MS

also has the distinction of

written in columns, two to the page.

are

use of the

magical remedy for disease which render this

Test as

colors

title,

marked by

dated April 10, 1908, M. the

three

MSS

Omont

It is

i)

no

painted

very kindly gave

of the Test found in the Bib. Nat.

this one he says: "Suppl. gr. 500. Provient de Minoide Mynas, no. 35 de ses manuscrits, mais sans qu'on puisse autrement preciser I'origine

du volume." My wife copied the MS in Paris in 1907. I compared copy vi^ith the original then and again in Heidelberg, where it was sent through the customary diplomatic channels to the University library for my use. orientale

the


14

Manuscript L.

with silver over red, as

are

the

name

The

coarse,

rather

the,

as well as the article

(o)

demons (Fragment

4),

beginning

to

numbers

Clavicula (see below), and the

before each

of the sections in

titles

in the list of fifty-one

yellow paper of the codex

is

one spot in the lower half of the inner column many

decay. At of the leaves have rubbed until a few letters have disappeared. Harleian MS 5596 is entirely filled with magical, astrolo-

and demonological matter, evidently written by a mediaeval

gical,

(ff.

18 -44"^)

is

by

taken up

Fragments Recensions A and C In

Salomonis^. vely in

The

found.

The

in his profession.

magician for practical use

it

largest part

the Greek form of the Clavicula

and

3)

which appear

4),

MSS

other

in

of the

respectiTest,

seven leaves of the codex contain various

first

are brief

magical, geomantical, and astrological excerpts and observations,

ending with Fragment

which

2),

C

Onoskelis story, found in Recension

MS

of these excerpts bring this contains //hadi (sic)

2,

f.

f 6^, col.

f;3,

both also found in

2,

MS

MS V,

the

other

which

rov Uvd'ayaQOv

bxsQa

viz.,

and a "Pythagorean

col. 2,

5^^

Two

of the Test,

into relation with

a copy of Recension C;

(sic)

second form of

the

is

table,"

V.

:n:Xivd'7]q

have

I

disco-

MS in which the Clavicula and the Test appear together, and that is MS W, in which there are three very badly written pages of the former and a complete copy vered only one other

This

1

present form,

well

known

work,

niagico-astrological

though mediaeval

based on older materials. The Harleian

is

MS

in

its

contains the longest

Greek copy I have seen. The vy^OfiavTSla in Munich MS. 70, ff. 240â&#x20AC;&#x201D;253 (cf. CCAG VII 3, 3, f. 240), is well written, but shorter. Paris, g^raec. 2419 (= MS W) has, as remarked above, only a fragment, and that miserably written. It is to this last that Reitzenstein

me

'to

.

.

.

f.

28v~37r,

MSS

English by art,

C YII

zd

xXri6)iv

x.

S.

i.

f.

15,

Other Greek MSS, known 75V [CCAGIY 16), called

(Lambros, ndatjg

z?Jq

of the Clavicula are numerous.

r.

L

Cai

t^/v?/?

Latin,

MS MS

I

400) No. 3816.4

t7Jq

French,

Cf. the translation

ly^of/avriag^ Italian,

from Latin

and into

L. M. Mathers, Ciavictila Salomonis^ London, 1889, Seligsohn in Apocryphal Works" (XI 447), accepts a Hebrew original.

"Solomon,

He knows no Greek 2 3

entitled

naQO. rov SoXofiiovzog,

avpzsd-sp

English

JE^

Poim, 187, n,

Mt. Athos, Dionysios monastery,

t^f/avsia; (282),

refers in

only through catalogues, are Turin

form.

CCAG IV

41, Bon. Univ. 3632).

V,

f.

274

V,

f.

274V, closing the ^nioxoX^

(cf.

Uv^ayoQov.

I


5

Manuscripts

C

of Recension

of the

L

and

P.

1

Fragment

latter.

or L, contains about

i),

Test, ending in the middle of a column. While on a brief visit to England in January and February, 1908, I undertook to go through all the Greek MSS of magical contents in the British Museum, as well as all the Solomonic

two-thirds of the

search

Latin, French,

in

literature

across the Onoskelu story, then the longer frag-

came

I

In the course of the

and English.

and later the other pieces in the Clavihave been able to get no light on the codex. But it certainly has Italian relationof the provenience ships, since the "Pythagorean'* letter and table are found in several other Italian MSS ^ besides V, and S of Vienna which

ment

Test (L),

Unfortunately

acla.

is

the

,of

I

closely related to V^. 5.

P Bibliotheque

Nationale, Anciens fonds grecs, No. 38

(Colbert 4895);

XVI

in three

ooXofiSvrog,

by

Furst,

and

cent, paper, cm. 15.5x20.5; 24

ff.

quaternions; well preserved; entitled dtad^x?] etc.;

and

published

by

Fleck, reprinted in part

by Migne;

entire

cf.

Editions Nos.

i,

2,

3.

The manuscript has been carefully and intelligently written. The handwriting is somewhat unskilful and angular in appearance, but easily readable. The letters are ligatured as ordinarily in the sixteenth century, but compendia and abbreviations are rare, even such words as d-sog and

out in

written

the

lotacism

is

very

TsQoCoXv^a being often

rare.

The

iota subscript,

and the breathings are almost always correctly

accents,

given.

full.

Unfortunately the punctuation, consisting of the comma,

and the period

is most profusely employed gegen jede auf bestimmte Grund-

at various heights,

and, as Furst says, "verstoBt

Abzeichnung der Satzteile"^. Not only has the manuscript been carefully

satze basierte

part

A

of

it

large

1 Cf.

number of CCAG IV

53 (Neapol. 1030,

f.

has also been through

247.

19,

f.

letters

(codd.

Ital.)

44), 75 (Florent.

2 Cf.

CCAG VI

the hands

but

written,

of a corrector.

which seemed uncertain to the co-

15

(Taurin.

= Laurent.

33.

5,

29,

39V), 31 (Mutin. 11,

f. f.

3 Orient V,

f.

77),

38); also Milan (Ambros.) col.

596 note.


6

Manuscript P.

1

marked with three dots, in other instances he left part of a line vacant for the insertion of the proper words. Two

pyist were

first page, where blacker ink, smaller and more crowded letters, and more numerous abbreviations;;) show that the words were put in later i. In one case the corrector hit upon the right text; in the other he missed. On f. a^^s a similar blank was left, but the corrector was too uncertain to put his conjecture in the text; it remains on the margin, Unfortunately he failed to go carefully through the entire manu-

such cases occur on the

|

'

and not

script,

of the uncertain places received his

all

made

Occasional corrections were

letters of sections are enlarged,

Initial

stances the

No

blank.

closing

As

made

attempt has been

manuscript.

contains only the

It

in

le

little

can be made

President de

Mesmes

in

1739^.

who

1596, his son, Jean-Jaques,

in

in-

left partly

Test.

ding to the catalogue printed by Montfaucon

de Mesmes died

two or three

to rubricate or decorate the

provenience of the codex

to the

belonged to the library of M.

It

and

of paragraphs have been

lines

attention.

course of the writing 3.

in the

out.

accor-

Henri

inherited

his

In 1679 Colbert bought about 215 manufrom the Duchesse de Vivonne, great-granddaughter of the former 5, among them the Test, as the list shows®. The

manuscripts, in 1642. scripts

manuscripts of Colbert came into the Bibliotheque du Roi in 1732

"'.

In the catalogue of the Bibliotheque Royale (later Nationale) of

1740^

mentioned as "No. 38 olim Colbert." Back of the Mesmes it cannot be traced. Above the begin-

is

it

of de

library

ning of the text on the

Regius 2913

Of

flourishes. 1 In

1,

3 is

in

5

XXX.

XX

V

5,

written

"Codex

Colb. 4895 in

many

part of the superscription

19,

VIII

left

VII

3,

2.

The only

in II

7, p, 10,

XXVI

3,

IX

6,

3, 4.'

XIII

2, 3,

Marginal

XVIII

notes

27, 37,

I.

31.

33,

4

Cf. Delisle,

6

illegible,

Similar blanks are

I 9.

Cf*XVIII

XXI

me

to

this,

found in IV

XIX

is

I C. 3, 4-

2 In C. are

page

first

preceded by a short word ending

3",

XXVI

Bib. bib. mss.,

Cab. des, msc,

It is msc. tat,

8 Cat. codd. mss.

9364

f.

bib. reg,,

IF, I,

p.

serious

pp. 469, 471,

ll

voU.

omission due

to carelessness

1327.

and Omont, Inv, IV, pp. XXI,

in the Bib. Nat.

1—4,

Paris,

7 Delisle, op. cit p. 439.

1739—1744'


:

1/

Manuscript P.

M. Omont says: "'Cent': ce numero est une code d'inventaire vraides manuscrits de la duchesse de Vivonne; il provient tres senibabletnent des de Mesmes^i.

Du

This manuscript has been occasionally noticed by scholars. Cange used it in his Glossarium published in 16882, referring

Testamentum ex Codd. Reg. 18433

to "Salomonis

Colbert,"

et

and adding "vide notas nostras as Zonarae Annal. p. '^'^'K In these ISIotae, published in 1687, he gives the title almost as in P with the remark, "legimus apographum ex Bibliotheca Thuanea." Either this

"apographum" The library of Jaques August 1680, most of the ancient ma-

memory, or

a slip of the

is

was merely a copy of the

title.

de Thou (died 1617) was sold in nuscripts being acquired by Colbert.

else the

But none of the printed

Thou show any copy of the

catalogues of the library of de

Test^.

Other references to the Testament are secondary and rest

upon Du Cange 6 or Gaulmin, the manuscript and published the basis of

until

1 In the personal Gloss,

ad

3

4 Zonarae Annalia

ed.

Now Du

1866),

"Bien que

le

ms. 38,

De Thou,

je

crois

p.

9

XLV,

Concerning

60.

des notes

p,

13, u,

Solomonic

i.

du

this

comme

vous

II

p.

le

7,

2 vols,

471; Omont, Inv^ IV, p. XXX; Biogra505 and n. 17; Nowvelle Biographie Uni-

lui

c'est

ad

hist.

lit.

de praecip. bibL

in the letter already mentioned, says

le verrez

de Zonaras.

Testament de Salomon dans

p.

M. Omont,

cependant que t.

I,

229; MaicheU, Intro,

p.

MS W.

Far. gr. 2419, see below

XLV,

phie Universelle (Paris 1826),

Paris., p.

to,

Cangius, Parisiis 1686

Cab. des msc,

Cf. Delisle,

verselle (Paris

this piece of

scrip, med. et infin» graec, (Paris, 16S8), II, col. 32, in "Index

Auctor. Graec. ined,"

5

His edition' has been

of Istrin®.

above referred

letter

Fleck came across

finally

1837.

subsequent labors upon

all

literature, until the publication

2

in

it

provienne de

auquel

En. tons

cas,

De Mesmes

Du Cange il

fait

et

non de

allusion k la

n'y avait pas

de ms. du

Catalogue imprime au XVIIe siecle de la Biblio-

De Thou." 6 So the references by Hemsterhuis in Thomas Magister (Lugd. Bat, 1757), 636, and Etymolog. Mag. (ed. Gaisford, Oxford 1848), p. 142, 7, depend upon

th^que de

p.

Fabricias reprinted the title from Zonaras. On a slip pasted on the inside of the cover of the codex one reads: 'Testamentum Salomonis,

the Glossarium.

Fictitium,

non semel laudatum a Gauminio in Notas ad Psellum de operat. This is a mistake. On Gaulmin's quotations see below on

Daemonum. 4895." the use of

MS W.

8 Edition No. 4; UNT. 9: McCown.

,

7 Edition cf.

No.

1;

cf.

infra Intro III

i.

infra Intro III 4. 2


8

Manuscripts Q, S and T,

1

6.

nâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Q

Andreas Convent, Mt. Athos, No. T% ff. cent; published by Istrin, cf. Edition No. 4^.

has given no description of the manuscript apparatus, \t is evident from the number of omitted

Although or critical

Istrin

which he has supplied

letters

XV

15:

frequent longer lacunae that

as well as from the

in brackets,

carelessly copied from a de-

was

it

fective exemplar.

The manuscript the

first

cc. Ill

I

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; XX

bottom of its

two hundred thirty-seven

last

The omission

9 being omitted.

many

12^,

f,

only about one third of P;

contains

and the

ninety

pages, evidently, having

viz.,

lines,

occurs near the

dropped out

S Vienna, codex

7.

XVI

108; paper, cm, 19x25;

philos. graec.

cent; well preserved .

the greater part unpublished.

;

Contains two unpublished fragments:

VW

MSS

twelve seals said in the ring of Solomon,

f.

The codex

contains

Solomonic amulets and amulets like those

in

much

7),

copies of the

have been found on

to

167^2

f.

astrological

selections.

MS

i)

361^; 2) one of the recipes found

same recension (VII

in the

It

matter, and many'

has a large number

of

V, and long selections of magical

content written in the peculiar cryptography to be found

They must,

manuscript

that

S having beeh copied from learned anything concerning

T

8.

therefore,

V

its

or

be of related origin, I have not

provenience.

MS

No. SS96;

cf.

rent letter, T,

1

I

2

is

CCAG

A

diffe-

used to designate the three fragments which

attempted tq secure a photograph of this manuscript, as of sent. No reason was given for the failure.

Cf.

supra,

4.

This manuscript has already been fully described.

none was

in

exemplar.

its

Museum, Harleian

British

No.

is

of

exemplar.

MS

are

D, but

VI (Codd. Vindobon.), p. i. Some of the Solomonic matter The names of the decani from ff. 357 ff, (p. 73 ff.), bear

edited in the catalog.

practically

no resemblance

ultimately related;

cf.

to

those in the

infra p. 56.

Test XVIII,

I studied the

very kindly sent to the imperial library for

my

yet the materials are

codex in Berlin, where

use.

it

was


Manuscript T.

ig

not incorporated in the incomplete copy of the Test found in this manuscript, and which belong to different recensions. T** (or

simple T) designates a fragment containing the variant

story of Onoskelis (Rec. C, XI), and part of Solomon's conversation with Paltiel It

begins without

Tzamal (Rec, title

Q

XII 1—4, and 6

the middle of

in

col.

i

separated from a magic formula which precedes space,

same

and ends

in

the middle

The remainder of

leaf.

of

the column f.

).

7^ being by a slight f.

it

on the verso of the

col. 2

begins at the top of the next column,

— in part —

on

is

blank.

The

Test

8".

T' designates a fragment from the Clavicula containing a representation of a seal and inscription which, according to MSS HI, was that on Solomon's ring. The seal, an elongated sixsided figure containing ten circles and various magical characters with the word (J«j9aa>^, takes up the greater part of the first column on the page (f. 33''), and following it are given certain instructions and the inscription (cf. infra p. 2/3.), which runs over into the second column, under the rubric jieqI xov da^xvXidiov, The Test in this manuscript (L), contains a somewhat different but closely related version of the inscription on the seal. T*^ designates a section in the Clavicula which contains the list of fifty (or fifty-one) demons which makes up a considerable portion of the unique matter in Rec. C. It runs from f. 39^^ (bottom) to

f.

41^' (top), and

bears the rubric,

eVe^a

^iQa^r^o,

T^e ccvT^g. The previous section has for its rubric, erega jtQa§?]g xov xad^QBJtxov (modern Greek, mirror). It is an exorcism of a certain female demon and her people (^ xvqo. ^aal(sic)

XtCCa Gov)

rj

in

avfiJtlkia Ofiov fis

order that they

xov Xaov

may

eCv xal ol agxovxsg perform certain services for the rrjg

.

.

.

may answer

truthfully any Greek with an Italian flavor, much more modern than the already late Greek of the list of fifty demons. T** is followed by a list of the demons and angels that rule each hour of the day, and another of the ruling planets and the work proper to each hour of the day. Both of these subjects had already been covered more

magician,

particularly

questions he

may

ask.

that

they

It is

written in very late

briefly in an earlier part of the Clavicula]

that

is,

the writer

is


20

Manuscripts

T and U.

here adding to the Clavicula matter of various kinds that belongs to the same sort of magic, but was not found in his copy. The

two sections he probably found in another recension of the Clavicula, for they appear without great difference of text in the Munich codex i. The origin of the list of fifty demons will be discussed later 2. The text of T^ covers about one fifth of

last

Rec. C.

U

9.

Ambrosian

cm. I)

As

library, Milan, ff

inf.);

paper,

1—378; f.

f.

this

No. 1030 (H 2

XVI cent; two fragments: 252V Ud), (= Up). (= 2) 233-, manuscript is known to me only through the cata16x22.6;

logue^ and a photograph of the page on which Fragment a

found,

description

full

of

it is

impossible.

As

i) is

to the hand-

writing of the page photographed, however, and general contents, it

closely resembles manuscripts

follow.

It

fiavreia as in

table found in

and some

and W, discussions of which

MS No. 70, the "Pythagorean"' letter and Harl. MS No. 5596 and Bologna University MS 3632, Munich

^

astrological matter

The manuscript

found

in the

Bologna manuscript^.

contains several unfinished fragments, some

those from the Test,

of them, like I

V

has two pages from the Clavicula^, here called v^qo-

should judge that the scribe

filled

"transversis

lineis

deleta."

up odds and ends of time

and space by copying little sections from other manuscripts. Thus he started in on the list of demons, and when he had reached the bottom of the page stopped. He probably had or its exemplar before him, for he usually follows the text.

W

W

U^

designates a fragment which,

like T<^,

contains the

list

of demons given in Rec. C. fugitive fragment, with

except as

it

all

is

1 Cod. 70,

ff.

In this case, however, it is a mere no relation to what precedes or follows,

of astrological character, and

2431-— 246r;

ff.

24or— 243r.

2

it

does not com-

Cf. infra

VII

12.

3 CCGBA, II 1096. The photograph was obtained through Dr. H. Jantsch, as was that of MS D; cf. supra^ p. lo, n. i. 4 Cf. supra, p. 14 n. i. 5 Cf. supra^ pp. 14, ns. 2—3. Here it reads, nv^txyoQov fjXtodQ}Q(p XccLQetv noXXa naB-lv, xvl.

6 ?'

Ttegl

7l)MVTjT(5v,

Twv

5'

paxavwv

t 246 r.

(sic),

f.

250; tcsqI

foxav&v i^

"Qoidiojv

xal riov


Manuscripts

plete the

list,

ending with §

11.

U

and V.

It

bears the

Aaiiioov 0<pQa'

title,

Aatfiovicov dvvafistg xal

vjtb 6ajiv^uwvog rdde bIjcs,

yidaiisvog

21

ovofiara.

have chosen to designate a little fragment which begins very abruptly in the middle of a sentence in § S of the "Prologue" to Recension C, with the words, JiQog avtoV oo?.of£<Dv, aoXofimv, xvgiog 6 d-eog aov eqeI. The catalogue does not quote

Up

I

nor give the

farther,

V

10,

explicit.

475

paper, cm. 21.9x29.6;

ff.,

The codex leather binding

is

is

dated

son of Aro, or Aron);

(f.

441^)

December

preserved.

The

torn away, and the

book

poorly

No. 3632; by a

written

cent.;

rov 6oq)coraxov (foXoftSprog, xtX.,

Testy entitled Jiad^^xr]

436^—441^; Unpublished 2.

XV

(or the

physician, John of Ai-o

ff.

MS

of the University,

Bologna, Library

1440*.

14,

leather of the halfis

almost in pieces.

The rough, gray paper is becoming discolored, yet the writing One would not form a high estimate of the education is distinct of Dr. John from his handwriting,

and

irregular,

satisfactory.

his lines

No

run up

distinction

hill.

for

it

made between,

is

careless,

loose,

is

His spelling

is

ec,

rj,

and

equally uni,

and

ot,

v\

between a and e; or between o and (d. Often /3 arfd v, occasionally a and et^ are interchanged. The accents are usually placed on the right syllable, but no attention is paid to the distinction between acute, grave, and circumflex, the on

8,

The breathings also are The punctuation,

is

wanting.

is

in general not bad,

last

appearing even

The

interchanged.

iota subscript

comma and

consisting of

but not entirely consistent.

period,

Abbreviations,

and compendia are extremely frequent. Well known words or forms are abbreviated by leaving off the last few

ligatures,

CCAG IV

1 Cf.

(codd.

Ital.

praeter Flor. etc.) 46.

sity

Library

of three

at

the

months from February

summer

officials of the

Heidelberg very kindly secured the loan of this to

May, 1908, and

time for three months more, transferring

it

"Indice", 452.

Olivieri,

2 Through the customary diplomatic channels the

MS

Univer-

for a period

later the extension of the

also to Berlin,

where

I

had gone

for

semester. This gave opportunity for a careful study of the whole codex.

3 Probably because the

ligature for ei closely resembles a

common form

of a.


Manuscript V.

22

The

letters.

title,

of the

initial letters

the subscription, and the

chief sections are rubricated. Corrections, erasures, and marginal

notes are wanting.

The

they include

of pseudo-scientific biological infor-

sorts

all

Middle Ages,

religious beliefs of the

medical practice and the for

instructive both as to the

codex are

of the

contents

mation, pages of medico-magical

partly

formulae,

crypto-

in

and long astrological treatises. The codex is rendered its cryptography and by the large number of illustrations, poorly drawn and highly colored, including drawings of animals and plants, and magical and astrological figures.

graphy

*,

unique by

The by

Test stands in gathering

of the codex, being preceded

jw

ka^VQipd-og rov ao^ov CoXofimPZog, f 43 5 ""^ ^^^

i)

rmv Tav(5v rSv £'

nXavrjxoiv,

OVSlQOXQLXOg 6

a7]Q7]fl*

fioravSv

^mdimv

i^'

rov TQiCfisylaTov zal

sQfiov

/9o-

Following the Test comes

435^^.

f.

jteQt

2)

Jtagl

XOL ETEQOQ OVBlQOXQirOq

TCal UTaltV BXBQOq

xai dXg)a^7]Tov. After the letter jc of this third oveiqoxqitoq the codex ends (f. 475). Two further writings mentioned in the jtiva^

(f.

sTBQov

16^')

(sic)

are wanting;

i)

xov aylov xvjtQtavov

evii}

rov aylov yQiyoglov, and

xal

2) xal ertQeg rix^atg rov

ooXofKDVTog \ None of these items were originally

in the jcim^,

but the writit>gs themselves are in the same hand as the greater of the book.

part

They

evidently were not a part of the

The codex

ginal plan of the copyist.

ori-

contains also the "Pytha-

gorean" matter found in Harl. 5596^ but in this case the copyist saved himself trouble by pasting in six leaves, the first five of which, containing the "Pythagorean" ther hand,

1 Cf. m/ray p. 23 and

2 St.

were written

letter,

Dr. John continuing on the sixth.

Cf. Berthelot,

Mark's, Venice,

f.

u.

in ano-

of the

titles

i.

Cot. alch, I

102 v,

The

XIV

Texte grec

I56f.,

or

XV

cent.); I

I

XXsgf.

have found

it

(from

MS

also in

299,

Munich

^S 395 (Hardt, IV 228), and Brit. Mus. Add. MS 34060, f. 162V. The Bologna MS lacks the text which in three different forms accompanies the Labyrinth in the above three

3

no

Cf.

MSS.

CCAG IV

134,

VI

Z-i,

VII 29;

below p. 26 on MS W. 4 See below on MS W, p. 26, ». 2. 6 a. supi-a, p, 14 and ns. 2 3 and

Fr. Boll in

N JBB kl AH XXI

5 Was

this the Clavkula'i

20 and

n.

n. 2; see

p.

5.

(1908),


Manuscript V.

23

which were pasted in are an original part of the jtlvag, and therefore, probably of the plan. From the similarity of subject matter it is plain, I think, that T, U, and V are very

writings

closely related.

Test covers the lower two thirds of

The it

remainder

the

436^, on which

After fifteen lines at the top of the succeeding page,

begins.

all

f.

occupied by the twelve seals which were

is

engraved on Solomon's

with an additional circle in which

ring,

the description of the seals given in the text

next six pages are written

On

cm. 17.5x25,

The

repeated K

the writing space averaging

solid,

441^ the

f.

is

of the

eleven centimeters

first

by a circular figure intended of Solomon which is mentioned

writing space are occupied

to re-

present a magic writing

in the

C

text (Rec. ^ovX(ci) it

XIII

OmXo^ov kjiavo rrj empty circle. There

another,

avT{t])

^ Beside

axsvsi avrov.

6g)6QÂŁo{e)

7]i^

stands

and bearing the superscription,

14),

follow

the concluding

and then the subscription, consisting of seven lines, the first five of which are in the cryptographic character peculiar to this MS and Vienna 108.

five

of the Testj

lines

The

reduced to ordinary characters,

subscription,

rov aQO iv

'Ico{avvov) laxQOV

etsi

A6XÂŁ((i)^qIco i6\

The

*name, 'iwavvov

line

up

On

graphic

characters,

abbreviated to

is

and including ago being

to

name

f 362'' the

is

loavov latQov rov agov.

On

loavov rov ago rov largov. reading of the characters,

327'

f.

efiov

it

Ico,

the

in crypto-

given again in crypto-

time spelled, out in

this

given

{Ivdtxrcovoci) 6' ev firjvl

^<;<l^fid'

remainder of the

graphic characters.

is

Lines five and six read, eygag)?] Jtag

in the Text, p. 212.

is

full,

as

follows:

found again thus:

There can be no doubt as to the by a combination of two lists

since

of words and their equivalents in different parts of the codex a

key

is""

formed to the cryptography 2.

name, but

As

am

unable to locate

to date there

scription

exhibits

1 Called

Vs

is

no

only the

in the apparatus

Aro

I

take as a place

it.

difficulty, since that part

common crit.,

2 The writer has in preparation an

cf.

abbreviations.

of the sub-

The world

p. 214.

article

on

this

cryptography.


Manuscript V.

24

year 6949 corresponds to 1440— i. The indiction, four, fits that year according to the table given by Gardthausen. The date is, therefore, December 14, 1440. On f 269^ (bottom) one reads

and on

the date

^<j^Jl^',

6939, or

1430— I, and

f.

327"^ after

6952, or 1443

of the accompanying notice

the name, fi<l^v0\ that

— 4.

not clear to me,

is

is,

Although the meaning I

take

it

for an

That on f. 327'" has the appearance of having been added to the page at the lower margin after the original writing had been completed. As we have already seen, the codex falls into two parts, the second beginning with gathering II, f. 435, and there is no reason why the first part may not have been written last, yet I incline to think the date was added after the writing. There are several other writings in the codex which in the jtiva^ are called jrga^tg Uokoficovrog, all of them having to do with magic. The references to Solomon, however, were added after the first writing of the index, and it would seem that after astronomical remark

1.

came to the conSolomon was the great source of all magical science and proceeded to give him due credit. The Tesi may well have been the cause of this opinion. Most of the writings marked jrQac,tg 2oXo^wvroc, have no relation to the ancient king, except that they are magical. Howwriting the latter part of the codex, the scribe clusion that

ever, on ff. 360 361 is a considerable collection of amulets, two of which bear his name. In the one it is simply a part of

the

incantation

2.

The

other,

a

four centimeters in dia-

circle

1 The three notices read, after correction as to orthography, as follows: 327 r: fxvi'jo&ijti, xv^i8, r/> xpvx^v tov dovXov gov 'Imdvov xov ^Aqo xov i^ixEi) ^c,^v(i' [dalv) at >^ ?/? x[ovq) •) (• (1. laXQOv 6 XQOvoq elq xovq i)

f.

+

Ix^vaq); at lower margin in faded ink: ^,^

xov ^Aqov

^c^lTi^f'.

2)

f.

62

r:

Iwdvov laxQOV

^ y^&rpaaa oenerat, xdrpo), x6 Sh ygaiphv slg xovq al&vaq fdevsi, s^^sxs ^Qs/za ix Ssov sksvi (1. svQexai ^Xsfxf/a ix d^eov retX^vov. 3) f- 269V (not in cryptography): exei ^c;qriXS'' xvxk(ov) iXssivov}) xy {asXi^vriq) (^.«6^a?) d' &E,ueX(i(p) ^' (tvdixxiwv)oq d-'. Cf. Gardthausen, 'fj

fjhv

fi

x^^

+

+

6V. Pal. II 495.

2 The same amulet is found in S page preceding the copies of the twelve

(^

Vind.

seals of

phil. gr. 108),

Solomon

f.

361

r,

on the

supra p. 15). The amulet consists of a circle decorated within and without with magic signs and containing the following: icoj^X ^or^S^st (within a triangle). i6ov coXouiov) vioq (cf.


Manuscripts

meter, bears the within

Harl. 5596

25

rov aoXoficovrog fi£y{dXov)f and according to H and

title,

(=

T^),

manuscript

in that

and W.

the inscription which,

it

oh Solomon's magic in

V

seal,

and

(L).

and which

contains

belongs

given in the Clavicuia

is

in a slightly different

The Bologna

it I,

form in the Test

version has been designa-

ted as V^i.

As

the provenience of the codex

to

nothing

learn

more than has been already

have been able

I

The

intimated.

to

crypto-

Hke the stenography of Cod. Vat. Graec. 1809 to make one think of the monastery of Grottaferrata 2 as some way the source of Dr. John's knowledge Yet the inference that he was connected with of stenography. graphy of the manuscript

the

sufficiently

is

monastery would be extremely uncertain.

gotten the stenography indirectly or even

He may

have developed

dependently upon the basis of more ancient systems. manuscript

is

W

1 1.

Bibliotheque

XV

Nationale,

rdrov aokoftSvroc, Unpublished ^.

ting

Paris,

Test entitled

xt?.,,

ff.

That the

Anc. fonds

cm. 27x37, 342

cent, paper,

by George Mediates.

in-

can be no doubt.

Italian in origin there

No. 2419,

have it

266^

grecs,

written

ff.,

rov aogxoWell preserved.

diad^riTiri

— 270^

The codex resembles very closely the foregoing. The wriis somewhat more regular and less hasty in most of the

codex,

lotacisms

are almost as numerous;

doubled

letters are

almost always written singly, even where theybelong to different

As

words.

W

omits

W

to all other points

occasional phrases

apparently through

is

carelessness,

just a trifle better than V.

are

that

found

V, sometimes

in

sometimes because they were

unintelligible.

As ^a{^t)6

to contents again there

is

great similarity, but in

dQaxovtog yXoo(a)a ex<^^ paCiXsog syysestpaXov,

the following prescription for the use of the amulet:

avz(f])

Beneath r}

is

W the written

povla yQai^JB)

o^OKov HQOxov xai XTiva^aQi xat pLayvrifq xai paaza ev&a eici x^«/uar« {xai more correct spelling adopted where MSS differed^ 1 Cf. Text p. 100*. 2 See M. Gitlbauer, t)berreste^ i Fasc. p. 3.

£01 ase^vrjtoq add. Bol;

3

On

this

and June, 1907.

MS

cf.

Omont,

Itro^

II 256f.

I

copied the Test in Paris in

May


Manuscript

26

and astronomical

alchemistic

des plus precieux pour

est

outweigh the biological it, "Ce manuscrit in-

interests

Berthelot says of

and the magico-medical. folio ...

W.

de TAstronomie,

I'histoire

de rAlchimie, et de la Magie au moyen age; une reunion indigeste de documents de dates diverses et parfois fort anciens, depuis TAlmageste de Ptolemee et les auteurs arabes jusqu'aux ecrivains de la fin du moyen age" ^ The de

I'Astrologie,

c'est

codex contains three pages from the Clavicular and some "Hermetic" and "Pythagorean" writings. The fact which connects it most clearly and indubitably with Bologna 3632 is that the Test is immediately preceded by the Hermetic work on the planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and followed, though not immediately, by two of the "dream books" which also appear manuscript 2.

in the Italian

of the Test on the page

As

V, so

in

page,

and

seals

that

in

W,

at the in

this

The very the

is

same

Test begins

the

position of the beginning

two manuscripts.

in the

about one third down the

bottom of the next page are found the large recension belong on Solomon's ring. Either

was copied from the other, or both followed very closely the same exemplar. The decision of this question can best be left to a later section (III 4) where the text will be discussed. As to the provenience of the codex, M. Omont has given me the following information 3; "Grec 2419: Provient du cardinal Nicolas Ridolfi (f 1550), puis du marechal Pierre Strozzi (f 155^) et de Catherine de Medicis, apres la mort de laquelle (1589), il resta sous scelles jusqu a son entree dans la bibliotheque du Roi the one

en 1599.

^^

^^^'

340'°;

le

bibliothecaire

de

Ridolfi,

Devaris, a ecrit cette note sur Torigine du ms.: avxri fil^/iogj OJioTT;],

35.

^v

IxofiiOB Tig

ot£Qiey^Bi

[Deleted

Matthieu r^

(isydkrj

EXXrjv kv Balvsagla diarQi^ovxt rq> 6e-

aCtQOVOfiixa xiva xal laxQixa xai aXXa 6ta<pOQa.

by a transverse

hne.]

N" 44

vigesim.

quart.

(Ce sont deux numeros successifs de la bibliotheque du Cardinal x(p deojtoxij designe ici le maitre de DeRidolfi; s. e. capsae. 1 Cat.

{/oc.

a/c/i,

I,

Intro.,

I,

205;

The

MS

described, pp. 205

— 211.

of the "dream books" as given by cU.) are Oneirocrites Syrim and Manuelis Palaeologi oneirocriies.

2

Cf. supra, p. 22.

3 In the

titles

letter already referred to

above, p. 13, n.

r,

p.

17,

n.

i.

Omont


Manuscript W.

W,

cardinal Nicolas Ridolfi.)"

varis, le

2/ then, like V,

came from

Italy.

The name of the

was George Mediates (or, Meidiates), as appears from a subscription found on f, 288. From a Paschalion on f. 275 running from 1462 to 1492 the conclusion is drawn that the codex was written about 1462. The codex has been frequently used by scholars. Gaulmin in

took from

probability

all

writer

the excerpts he quoted in his

its

From

on Psellus de oper. daem^.

notes

considerable

a very

list

it

Du Cange

prepared

of chemical and astrological abbrevia-

In more recent times Berthelot some important chapters in his Collection des

and tachygraphic signs 2.

tions

has taken

from

it

Anciens Alchimistes Grecs, while Reitzenstein refers to times

in

his

publication 12.

Aside from Gaulmin

Poimandres.

which refers to the

Bt^lio^^rpiri (<P.

This reference

is

4.

but was

several

of no

Xagr.

16.

taken from Lambros' Catalogue of the

unsuccessful,

I

XVI

SoXofiSvToq, ^'Ajtavra sv

diad-TJxat

on Mt. Athos, No. 3221, p. 287. graph,

it

know

Test.

KovrXovftovolov,

iiovfjg

431), ...

I

attempted

to secure a

and know only

this

rfj

MSS

photo-

reference to

the manuscript. 13.

While studying

in

Berlin,

London, Heidelberg,

Paris,

Munich, and smaller places on the Continent, other manuscripts

None

and

for. translations

of the

catalogues which

I

made search Testj

for

but without

was able to consult gave indications of its presence in any form. Through the kindness of Dr. A. F. R. Petsch, then professor in Heidelberg, and later in the University of Liverpool, inquiries were mady by friends of his in the libraries at St. Petersburg and Moscow, but without success. Dr. F, C, Conybeare was so kind as to search in the Vatican Library. Though he was under the impression that a Latin manuscript was in existence 3, he was success.

of the

1 See above, p. 17, ns. 6,

2

Gtosj!.,

"Notarum

3 At Florence;

I

7.

characteres,

Notae aliae," coll. 19â&#x20AC;&#x201D;22, in vol. II. Mar. 29, 1899, p. 442. Dr. Conybeare

see the Guanizan,


Modern

28

and

Editions, Translations,

Treatises.

No

scripts.

doubt such exist and

will

any other manu-

find

unable to verify that supposition or to

be found, but no others

are available at present^.

MODERN

III.

Fabricius2 deserves mention before

1.

AND

EDITIONS, TRANSLATIONS, all

TREATISES.

others, because he

attempted a systematic collection of materials bearing on As already indicated 3, he gathered his excerpts from

first

Test

the

Du

Gaulmin and

some attempt

full

with

Fleck rather inaccurately copied ih^ editw princeps^ from

2.

MS

Cange, whose quotations he prints in

at emendation,

mistaking

P,

who have had

many

to

letters, and so causing himself and those depend upon his edition much difficulty. He

evidently was not familiar with sixteenth century ligatures. While it

seemed necessary

has not

note his

to

apparatus of the present edition,

critical

misreadings in the

some of the more

im-

portant have been included as samples of his errors ^

Apparently the first scholar to concern himself with the which Fleck had printed was Bornemann. In 1843 and in 1846 he published conjectural emendations of the text, showing no little ingenuity, and in some obvious cases finding the ori3.

text

ginal,

though missing

in

in

it

every real

difficulty, as is usual with

In 1844 he published a complete translation

such conjectures.

German ^, marked by

the same learning and good sense shown

in his "Conjectanea". 4.

Fiirst^

Greek text

was the next

to deal with the

after Fleck, with a

German

Test,

printing the

translation, also in 1844.

me a reference to Chachanov's History of Georgiati where mention is made of Georgian manuscripts of the Test, Unfortunately the work was to be found neither in Berlin, London, nor Chicago, and I have not seen the pages in question. 1 The index to Omont, Inv refers to Anc. fonds grecs 25 11 as having a copy of the Test, but it is merely a copy of Prov. XXV i XXIX 29. Two was so kind

also as to send

Literature

(I lyoff.))

Jerusalem

MSS

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

2 4

discovered later are discussed in the appendix.

Cf. Bibliogr. Ill Cf. Bibliogr. I

7 Cf. Bibliogr. I

i.

5 2 and

r.

3 Supra

p.

17, n. 6, p. 27, ns. i, 2; Bibliogr. IV.

Cf. c. I 2, II 6, II 2.

IV

4.

6

Cf. Bibliogr. Ill

i

and

II

i.


Modern Editions,

Translations, and Treatises.

29

The work, however, was not completed. Little attention was given to emending the text, but no small learning was expended on its proper translation and interpretation, though, rather strangely, the rendered "Bund", not "Testament", or "Vermachtniss."

is

title

In Migne's Patrologia Graeca^ a reprint of the text from

5.

was appended

Fleck with a Latin translation that

fact

Psellus'

de oper. daem.

typographical

The

but

errors,

Apocryphs (Bibliogr.

reprint

The

which

marked by the famous

is

rationalist's usual careful scho-

However, I him on questions of date and origin. do with Fleck's edition.

As

7.

did

one could

all

inclined to differ from

articles in the

Manchester Guardian^,

by Dr. Montague Rhodes James,* and the other by Dr. Conyand a brief review

Schiirer^,

of the

who

in the Theologische Literaturzeitung

Conybeare

differed with

as to the Jewish origin

Test,

In the

8.

same year

that Dr. Conybeare's translation appea-

Russian scholar,

red, the

Istrin,

mentary manuscripts which interesting

MS D^

story called

A

9.

I

and Q, and of the

His introduction indicates the

between

D

and the

Test,

brief notice of Istrin's publication and a review

Kurz appeared 10.

presented the text of the frag-

have called

I

true relationship, as I believe,

E,

He

am

a result of the publication of Conybeare's translation

appeared two brief

beare,

by

Dr. F. C. Conybeare's

is

Jewish Quarterly Review 2,

and independence of judgment.

larship

one

Migne's Dictionaire des

article in

adds nothing new.

Ill 3)

translation with introduction in the old

there

shows the usual additional

Chronologically next in order

6.

because

Notae to

in his

few cases Fleck's more obvious

a

in

were corrected.

mistakes

to Psellus,

Gaulmin had quoted the Test

of the

by Dr.

in the Byzantinische Zeitschrift^.

Harnack has a

brief notice in his Altchristliche Literatur'^,

and Schiirer a considerable one in his Geschichte des jUdischen Volkes,

which includes a valuable collection of materials 8. 2 Bid,

II

4

Ibid, III 7.

5 Ibid,

I

7

Vol. I 858.

8

1 Cf. Bibliogr. I

3.

4 and III 4. 4 and III 8.

GJV III 4i9f., HJP II

^ 6

Ibid, III 5 Ibid. Ill

III r54f.

and

9 and

6.

10.

To


"

Textual History.

30

Jewish Encyclopedia ^ I owe the insuggestion that the Test represents pre-Talmudic demonology. Other encyclopedia articles make no special conDr. Kohler's

article

the

in

teresting

tribution

space

2.

In

11.

dissertation

Salzberger's

dedicated to the Test^.

is

clusions

as

and

authorship

to

He

date,

on the Salomosage much accepts Conybeare's con-

and accordingly takes the demonology and

Test as representative of early Jewish-Christian

making no attempt

folklore,

He

to distinguish Hellenistic elements.

has evidently used Conybeare's translation without reference

Greek

to the

text^.

Ginzberg's Legends of the Jews^ contains a section de-

12,

voted to the

Test.

It

is

a paraphrase and epitome rather than

a translation, but follows the text of Fleck rather closely. error

of

sufficiently serious to deserve

is

XXIV

c.

confused with the cornerstone of

is

One

mention: the aerial column c.

XXIII.

As

unfortunately the notes and references, which, according to the

preface there

'^,

is

were

have appeared

to

in the last

nothing to indicate the source

was taken.

As

volume, are lacking,

from which the story

a piece of entei'taining writing the

have a place, but

it

study of ancient Jewish thinking because of fusion in

work may

a hindrance rather than a help to the

is

of older and later materials,

using the Test without

first sifting

its

uncritical con-

Ginzberg was not

justified

out the considerable non-

Jewish elements more carefully than he does.

IV. I.

alone,

THE TEXTUAL HISTORY OF THE TESTAMENT. The manuscript families. — On the textual evidence

without

reference

to

and subject matter, which 1 IV 518,

3 Bibliogr. 4:

art.

wider considerations of language be taken up later, the various

will

„Demonology".

2

Cf. Bibliogr. Ill 3

This appears from his citing only Conybeare

use

of

119

— 123,

and

12.

Ill 13.

"Flasche"

for

thongh the

5 Bibliogr. II

5.

&a?c6q latter

(p.

97),

following

(p. 9, n. 9)

Conybeare's

once has "leather flask" (119).

6 Vol.

I

XV.

and from

"flask"

his

in sees.


1

Textual History.

MSS

3

marked

divide themselves into four clearly

classes or re-

censions*.

MS D

a)

from the rest

differs

in that

it is

not a "Testament.'*

Of magico-medical formulae there are none. It is simply a biography of Solomon in which the demonological interest outweighs all

others, quite closely

resembling

many

in

Arabian

features the

belongs to the "literature of entertainment,"

It clearly

Nights.

where Schiirer wished to class the whole TVj/^.

MSS

b)

H and

I,

and

1 agreeing in a

XIV

cc.

omission,

MSS,

other

that in the

itself

H,

3

L

(Rec.

A) stand very

beginning which

H

and L

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; XVI

entirely different

is

might deserve

as a separate recension, for

it

from

drops out) in the long

(after I

L

i.

together,

close

to

be put by

has at a late period under-

A

magician has endeavored to make of his profession by intromembers the ducing directions for the use of the more important magical formulae in the cure of some disease, probably demon possession. He has also made some further changes in the opening sections. However, all these alterations, marked by modern Greek forms gone a special revision.

work more

useful

for

^,

are so easily

detached from the remainder and affect

that there is

no need

to separate

it

from

H

and

I

so

it

little

as a textual

witness. c)

MSS P

and

Q

(Rec, B),

almost from beginning to end.

good

tences are

again,

The

clearly

title

stand

together

and the opening sen-

illustrations of their close similarity throughout.

P

marked by two explanations of the writing of the Test^^ by a shorter beginning and ending, and by more extended accounts of many of the demons ^ d) MSS V and with the fragments S, T, and U group This recension, in

at least,

is

W

1 The variety of recensions such as this;

of,

Theodosius," in Siizungsber. 1892, Heft

II,

is

not at aU remarkable in popular literature

the remarks of Krumbacher, d,

bay. Akad, d.

"Studien zur Legende des

Whs.^

philos,^ philol,

ÂŤ.

hist,

heil. Cl.^

p. 225,

2 Since this is not a Test^ I have not called it a recension, but refer to it 3 Such as r^tov §Va^, I i, D, See above, p. 5, n, 2. 4 See XV 14 and XXVI 8; no great weight can be attached to this, since

as

MS

c.

XV

is

-wanting in

5 See

cc.

HILQ by

accident or scribal error,

XIX, XX, and XXVI.


Textual History.

32

themselves as an entirely different recension

gone a thorough

The

revision.

(C),

Prologue, as

I

which has underhave called it, in

order to bring the chapter and verse divisions into line with the other recensions, and the altered title, but especially the entirely cension

more

is

demonology

interested in

as a

ing nature's treasures and mysteries than in

emphasized

as

the

in

original

This

sufficient evidence.

ending from IX 8 on are

different

It

Test.

means

medical aspect

its

marked by

is

re-

for reveal-

scribal

omissions ^ 2.

The

a)

MS D

and

relationships

The recensions have

the Test.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

relative dates of the recensions.

represents the story which formed the basis of just

been considered

writer regards as their chronological order.

what

in

the

inconceivable

It is

any one should take the Test as found in Recs. A, B, or C, and, by eliminating all the magico-medical element and the

that

"testament" motif, reduce

to the simple tale of

it

Solomon's

birth

temple building and dealing with demons, which appears in MS D. On the other hand, the very close

and greatness,

his

resemblances between

and even old man and his outline

and,

tionship,

D

the

Test.

MS

condemn

not

The

question

answer, Ill

4â&#x20AC;&#x201D;8

work

in

reason

had

c.

all

VII

jtoXXa,

the

c.

before

as to general

co

secondary

working

Especially xal

^aCtlBv^

after

this true

is

^tsqoi^

text,

e.

Solomon

if

of

daifioviov;

its

D VII.

It is

work

its

the statements of

demons had been brought

writer.

g.,

did

and

c.

and set to addition. There is no in

VII should not have been put into the Test

sents a revision of the

late

2).

loxi

i,

fuller,

to cease

the temple are manifestly a later

why

lain

of

that

man

son (D IV

(isv

slat

B

in the story of the

D.

of the old his

and

g.,

the

occasionally shows a

It

e.

present form cannot have been the basis of

its

threat

the

in

in

A

and Recs.

XXI, proves the closest possible reladependence of the Test upon the

son, c.

therefore,

story as found in

Yet

MS D

as to text in places,

evident, then, that

MS D

if it

repre-

that formed the original of the Test.

1 See cc. I4, II, 14; V, VI, etc. The language of than in any of the other recensions; see below, V 2,

C

is

more

consistently


-

Textual History.

The question this original is

as to whether cc.

been written in the abrupt beginning original story in

new

the

fit

first

that

it

a "testament," which must have

II in

person to have entirely consistent. The

of Eec.

B

is

probably due to truncating the

the Test.

in the original

seems entirely possible

and was omitted by the editor of the not inconsistent with

It is

fall.

certain VII,

was a

I

—VI,

conclusion to

I

am

inclined, therefore,

VIII as the original basis for the Test; with

we cannot

changes which

D

fitting

of which the account of the sin of David and the

D

regard

into the

did not interest him, or perhaps because

it

Solomon was the beginning i,

birth of

c.

have been put

it

remainder of D, but rather comes as a

a narrative

to

easily

Yet

C. VIII could

left in

did not suit the pathos of the

the

Tes£ could

editor of the

order to eliminate these elements, which do not

merely because

Test it

was

first

plan.

person and

and

I

and VIII were part of

II,

I,

The

harder to answer.

not well include cc.

^^

received

its

follow

present form.

much more complicated

-and

the

addition

The making of

the

of

Test

process.

A

and B are both revisions of the original priority in this case is much more difficult. It is plain that A is secondary at its beginning, because it is much fuller than B (c. I if). Again at its conclusion, A, here represented by H only, is much fuller, and probably represents an expansion (C. XXVI 8 lo). In the main, however, A has the shorter text in so many places where B presents b)

Recensions

The question of

Test.

regarding the demons

information

fuller

A

conclude that Rec.

and

is

nearest the original Test^-

c)

Recension

C

the material in the

the fragments,

in

1 as

it

the

The

Cf.,

9:

c.

much

of

VIII does not

it

occurs

in,

or in

affect these conclusions,

occured in the exemplar from which

f.,

H Rec. UNT.

especially in T,

MS D -was copied, or in of D without touching the original. But see MS E in appendix. for example, VI 4 XVI 4 ^m XVIII 42, XX 6, etc.

copying

plar; e. g.,

is a revision of Recension B. The nature of added chapters of C, as well as the fact that

transposition of sentences in

may have 2

that one cannot but

2,

has the claim to priority in most cases,

A

presents omissions due to careless copying or a defective exem-

XlVs^XVI McCown.

I.

3


Textual History.

34 connection with, the

which

Clavicular

a mediaeval product,

is

establishes the character of this recension as secondary

The

C

interesting account in

which

d^rixTj

be given

to

is

while the true,

snare,

one copy only

XIII of the origin of a

Testament

be preserved

to

is

expected parousia of God," when

again to be spread abroad,

is

late.

world as a deception and a

to the

original

until "the

and

-naivri Sia-

it

in is

plainly intended to establish faith

in this recension as the real original article

over against Rec, B,

which it was to supplant. The numerous agreements of B and C prove that the latter was based upon the type of text found in the

d)

C

yet in some cases

former^,

than the present

MS

Illustration

has a more primitive text

representatives of

will

B (MSS PQ)

make

serve to

offer.

the relationships of the

A

good example is to be found in c. Ill 7. Here Rec. (HIL) gives a text which is entirely fitting and intelligible: ajc^xovv de xovxov adiaXelotrcoq eyyvd-iv fiot jtQo(o)86qev8iv. This became nonsense by misreading into ajtdvzcov 6e rovtcov ov 6ia7ujio{^ as V shows (W omits this much), P, recensions clearer.

A

wishing to leave nothing unintelligible, altered to ajtavrsg 6e dalfioveg eyyiod-iv f/ov jtQosdQsvovCi^

does not

fit

which

the context which follows in §

ol

in itself is good, but

Another example

8.

of B's improvement upon a text which seemed unintelligible

is

W

V

in the previous case, and W, as II 8, omitted the difficult words. In c. XVIII 42 the editor of B expands a short section which in A merely closes the account of

where both

found in

the thirty-six decani into an entirely

treatment of demons in general. latter part of the

are a to

Test,

where

H

new

On

narrative of Solomon's

the other hand, in the

alone represents Rec. A, there

of sections in which the text of

number

be almost

unintelligible,

and, as

dence of hasty abbreviation 2.

it

seems

H

to

In these sections

the preference, as also in the conclusion

(c.

XXVI

is

so brief as

me, shows I

evi-

have given B

7â&#x20AC;&#x201D;8), where

H

has an expanded text 1 Examples of

the

36, 42,

2

writing

may be found on almost any page; cf. c. Vft. This account "New Testament" may be compared with IV Eiira XIV

of a

45 fCf.

XXHs,

ir,

XXIV

and

XKY

passi??/.


Textual History.

The evolution of the Testament: summary of conclusions. number of stories about Solomon in which demons played

3.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;A

were gathered

a large part

MS D

before us in

lies

into a tale,

B

Rec.

a

more

in

fitting

work mainly as of the

A

later

it

to

begin abruptly as

demon who plagued the King's temple building. The editor added

the

B (MSS

A

Rec.

in

fall

as found

consisted of the beginning

then,

original Test^

and ending as in Rec.

of Rec.

leaving

d,

conclusion in the story of Solomon's

The

Rec. B.

interested in the

of a

with the tale

workman during

of which

a revision

then conceived the idea of the Test^

and decapitated the story of

favorite

d^

Some one who was

1.

magical cure of diseases

in

55

PQ), but with the body of the

(MSS HIL)^. The

present beginning

remove the abruptness by piecing together from items regarding the favorite workman. This re-

resulted

from an attempt

to

sentence, being constructed

first

sections

dacteur also thought himself able to construct a conclusion with

of the

over

original

B

Rec.

greater parenetic value.

Testy

is

another independent working

with

certain

interesting

additions.

A

was mainly concerned with making the story read better, redacteur B was in possession of fuller knowledge regarding many of the demons mentioned, and accordingly Whereas redacteur

added

or replaced

to

several

sections

5.

Finally a student of

demonological literature with a theological and scientific bent

some fragments which he thought Solomonic and

discovered

which appeared to him to have greater value than a good part Test

of the

So taking Rec. B he constructed another

Testy

putting in a preface, or prologue, containing certain prayers of

Solomon, removing the abruptness of the beginning redacteur

by

his

A

new

did,

and replacing the

material.

MSS ^which he MS D to the Test

1 Istrin in his introduction to the

and

I

am

very of

in part indebted to

MS

2 The

him

as

latter two-thirds of the Test

In the story of Onoskelu (Rec.

conclusions regarding the relation of

much

edited

came

C

XI) he

to the

same

as those expressed above,

for this theory,

and especiaUy

for the disco-

page in

this edition is

an attempt

D. text printed at the top of the

to

reconstruct this original Test,

3 These are printed in brackets thus: bottom of the page.

r

T^

or placed in the critical appa-

ratus at the

3*


Textual History.

^6

presents a variant form of a tale which he allows to remain in the earlier, unaltered part under the

He

name ofOnoskelis

seeks to give authority to his version

IV)i.

(c.

by representing

that

it was feared and secretly preserved at the request of a great demon, Paltiel Tzamal, who wished to prevent the publication

of

j

l

great mysteries, and that the well known, current form of

its

-^

the Test had been specially written for Hezekiah, thus utilizing

an early tradition 2.

MS L

j

represents an interesting step in an-

other direction, the attempt to

make

the

work of greater

practi-

vade mecum, or book of prescriptions. reading with the proper rites would cure the possessed ^

cal value as a physician's Its

of the MSS and their use in reconAlthough MS D represents the original story from which the Test was evolved, it possesses no primary textual value, since it is not the Test, and, though its contents 4.

The

textual

structing the text.

are similar, is

its

text

value

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

rarely that of the

is

to reconstruct the original

have grown.

MS D

is

Test.

The attempt

Test out of which Recs.

printed

separately

at

A

here

and B

end of

the

the

volume.

Our

MSS

C come from

of Rec.

men

a class of

of rather

low mentality and poor Greek education. The numerous omis-' sions are textually of little moment, because the redacteur was interested

in

different

and the scribes were

above (IV 2 little

c, d),

C

is

matters from the originator of the Since, as

careless.

we have

Test,

already shown

derived from B, their agreement can have

weight per se against acceptable readings found

in

A alone.

Where, however, Recs. A and C agree, they represent the original text. Without C it would have been much more difficult While neither V nor to show that B was secondary. could copied the one from the other ^ they may have come have been from the same exemplar. Where it was unintelligible or corrupt,

W

1 In the critical apparatus to

c.

IV

distinguished by adding a superior letter

readings from

c.

to the letters T,

XI

of

C have

l^een

V, and W.

2 Rec. C XIII; cf. Josephus, Hyponmesticon c. 74, Suidas, s. v. below VIII 3c (3). 3 Cf. II 5, 6; IV 12; V 8, 9, I2f. omitted by V which the scribe of 4 I can find no words in not have added by guess, while the reverse (words in V omitted by

'^E^enlag;

see

W

W W)

might often


Textual History.

V

reproduces

sometimes

W

emends, for

to

or

V

where mistakes appear

have arisen from carelessness or misunderstanding.

B

Rec.

\

revision ^ to

omits

Accordingly

intelligent copyist.

has been given the greater weight except

W

where

conscientiously

more

Jaad the

XJ

represents

a learned,

Occasionally

P alone

the greater intelligence with

and

MS

in

P

a very careful,

preserves the true text owing

which

it

has been handled. Yet

B and P have taken great liberties with the text in making additions, alterations, and omissions. Q shows more errors than P, it

must be used with great caution, since both redacteur

scribe

but fewer intentional changes. 'i

The MSS of Rec. A have been rather mechanically copied. some instances the scribes have not taken the liberty to drop or emend what they could not understand, but have reproduced letter 2 There are omissions due to carelessness, it letter for one so long as probably to have been caused by a missed or In

exemplar.

missing leaf in the

general

In

suffered least from, intentional revision,

H

appears to have

but to have been

in less

hands than P. Both were conscieritiously copied by scribes who knew little of magic. Therefore the better instructed L skilful

presents

occasionally

a

somewhat careless and his

vitiate

In

text.

preserves the

first

illiterate

c. I

occurs,

where other

VIII

9,

IV

I

and

although he was

reading,

his practical directions often

MS

have followed

since

T,

it

alone

person, which the original Test ought to have

shown throughout^, and

(yvffftog), II 9,

preferable

MSS make 12.

W

also since

it

omits

appears to me,

it

possible to determine the true text;

by homoeoteieuton, IV

following e. g.,

IV

5

of intention, II 9, could not have

12,

where the passage seemed unintelligible. Therefore V could have made out the true text from W. But I do not believe

W

copied from

V's unwarranted expansion in II 6 {(po^ov^evoq likely to

have omitted the right words in IX

.

.

.

ngoaypavGai), nor

is

he

9.

H

and L are unmakes a glaring omission by homoeoteieuton in XXI 3 f., and a minor one in 1X6. 2 Cf. II 2, 3 (HIL), 6 (H), V 6 (HL), XVIII 4 (HL). 3 Cf. XXII 7 and XXIV 3-5 (H); XIV 3â&#x20AC;&#x201D; XVI i (HL). In V 4, 5, IX 6 1 In one case at least

intelligible,* viz.,

H

V

appears to have read 4:

L

P

omits a difficult passage where

V 4,

7; it omits difficult lines in

'/.

(=

iaxiv) as

!>

(=

cf.

VW;

it

Se).

maintains the third person for Solomon consistently,

others vary, but in general begin with the third

and change

I the first; the

to the

first.


Language and

38

a suggestion of Dr. Goodspeed,

make

clearer the

favorite

A

Rec.

H

that

exhibits an attempt to

somewhat unusual language of

Here, however,

slave.

Style.

as

I

regarding the

concluding sections,

the

in

shows signs of undue expansion, and

in constructing the

text of the Test, which always appears at the top of the page, I

have followed Rec. B.

end,

and

Again,

A

have thought that Rec.

I

MS

rence ^

In

of Rec. A,

general,

H

certain sections

toward the

gave evidence of abridgment,

especially since the carelessly written

in these places,

here the only

in

then,

has

I

unless

been made

the

contrary,

rule

adopted has been, 'When In concluding this section

have given Rec.

B

H

is

the prefe-

weighty reasons appeared the basis of this edition.

to

The

in doubt, follow H.' it

should be noted that

we

claim to have the original Test in our reconstructed text.

cannot

Such

an admission would be called for on a priori grounds alone. But

we have

evidence on the subject,

for, in

the quotation from the

and Aquila\ the alia eB-Xaaeh% while in the Test as we now have it, although the Shunamite says ctpa^ai (MS H) or GvvTQLtpov (MSS PQ)^ Solomon merely says Id^vca (MS H) or ojttQ xal exsksoa^. If we could find the original MS, many such differences would appear, but not enough to vitiate Test which occurs in the Dialogue of Timothy

Jew

insists that

Solomon ovx

'iatpa^ev

our general conclusions regarding the work^.

V.

This section

index

will

LANGUAGE AND

will

supplement

be made quite it

STYLEbrief,

by presenting

as the grammatical

the evidence for the po-

sitions taken. I.

MS

D.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

As

to

language and style there are decided

IV 2b, d. MS N has valuable readings. See appendix, Amc. Oxon, Class. Ser. VIII 70, c. XIII 6; cf. infra, VIII 3d) (2) (e). 3 C. XXVI 4, 4 C. XXVI 5. 5 In general the effort has been made to print the text as the author may 1 Cf. supra, 2

be

supposed

to

have written

it,

following

the

Christian centuries as to spelling and grammar. rule has been followed for the sake of simplicity.

ordinary practice of the early

As

to v

moveable the

classical


Language and

between the recensions.

differences

39

is

far superior to the rest.

educated Greek has edited and written

An

inaccuracy in his

grammar Once

occurs a few times.

The outstanding

it.

the use of the nominative absolute,

is

not a serious blunder^, which

nominativus pendens^

rather

as well as

In this regard,

MS D

from the diplomatic standpoint,

or

Style.

ayia is

used with to and the

infinitive

The

Otherwise tenses and cases are on the whole corretly used. optative, subjunctive,

^â&#x20AC;˘

imperative in both second and third person,

Late forms and For the dative utQoq with the accusative is In IV 9 ovxixi 16'^]^ is a (Homeric and) late usage, frequent. subjunctive for future, which has contributed to such a future and a future participle of purpose are found. usages are rare.

VI

as eiCEveyxofiev in

As

to style,

2

IV

^ovXsaai replaces ^ovZsi in

^.

1 1 ^.

the constant use of the historical present and

the occasional omission of Isysc or g)fjal after the

name

of the

speaker in dialogue lends vivacity, while the conversations are

The writer has a fairly large vocabulary, including a considerable number of particles. There is a heaping up of epithets and synonymous words when opportunity offers and

short

to the point.

^-

noteworthy

Specially

constant use of the circumstantial

the

is

The author

participle in various relations. in

a verb

The

noun^.

Rec. C.

MS

=

use of ^aaiXsla

cellency" in direct address 2.

is

fond of dropping

separate the article and attributives from their

to

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

is

"Majesty," and KQccrog

"Ex-

Byzantine.

This, the latest recension,

How

=

is

at the antipodes

due to scribal and ignorance we cannot say, but probably they partly accountable for its very poor Greek. Errors, such as accusative for the dative, and late forms, such as -av as

from

D.

far

its

present condition

is

carelessness are

the

ending of the accusative singular in the third declension with an analogous nominative, several Latinisms. absolute.

The

The

editor

ISid. 249.

e

C.

IV

2,

g.,

<jg}Qayt6a,

sentence

is

abound, and there are

an unattachable genitive

was fond of compound

1 Cf. Moulton, Pro/es^. 69. 4r

e.

first

2 C.

5 C. I 2, 13; IV VI 14, VII 2, 4, 5.

Ill 5.

6,

7,

9,

7 See

3

tenses.

As

Cf. Dieterich,

to style

Un^ers, 243

18.

Prologue

i,

2; c. XIII 4,

12.

^

ff.


Letter Formulae*

40

show somewhat ambitious attempts

the additions

at fine writing,

Prologue and in the closing chapter. J g., The same trick appears as in D, of dropping the verb in bein the prayers of the

e.

..j

tween attributives and 3.

Rec, B.

simpler as to little

a

to

B

Rec.

more

is

but in

more

;

correct

additions B,

its

usage,

"correct"

words, and in one instance

it

as

Between

than Rec. C.

style

difference,

tendency

their nouns. to

A

grammar and

and

B

especially

MS

but also

to

there

is

shows

P,

compound

has a decided Latinism, jcqcoxo-

fiatCTCOQ ^

A

and the original Testament. The editorial additions to Rec. A have some glaring errors, particularly in MS L, but, if we may judge from this recension, the 7>^^was originally a. very simple piece of writing in fairly correct Koine Greek. It paid no attention to refinements of rhetoric or lexicography, but 4.

told

Rec.

its

story in a straightforward, paratactic style, such as one

might expect from a in

man

of small education and mental

recounting an interesting series of

grammar

is

that of the

the lines taken

by

stories.

New Testament, New

ability

the whole the

with developments along

the Koine such as would

period subsequent to the

On

Testament.

seem

to point to a

The

disappearance

of the optative, the aorist subjunctive for the future, the increase

and compound words, and the nume-

in the use of prepositions

by

rous locutions which are characterized constitute

appear

the

in the

such

evidence on this point.

the Atticists as vulgar

Real Semitisms do not

That the xal kysvsxo construction

Test

may

be

cannot believe 2.

Another so-called Semitism, the demonstrative repeating the relative, occurs, but it is a mere blunder due to an attempt to repair a garbled passage 3called

5.

I

Letter of Adarkes

Arabian King of the in

name

MS D

in c.

XXII

to

Solomon.

The

letter

of the

contains two peculiarities, the absence

of the sender from the introductory formula and

the use of direct address, ^aatXev UoXofiSv, xaigotq.

Unfortunately the two treatises which have appeared on the 1 C. I 2.

3

2 Contrast Conybeare,

C. I 9, Rec. C;

cf.

Moulton,

JQR

op. cit.

XI

94 f.

6,

and Moulton, Proleg.

i6f.


Letter Formulae.

Greek

ot

subject

letter

formulae

^

aI

do not carry the subject

far

enough into the Byzantine period to aid us here, and the extant letters ,

have too often been handed down without the introduc-

tory formula \

So

far

the

as

evidence goes, the use of variations of the

customary formula, o delva to; delvi yaiQBiVj does not mark any particular

The use of

era.

^ign either of servility or of

me

x^iQotq with the vocative seems a

poor breeding,

for three of the in-

stances

known

culture,

while the ancients particularly reprobated the use of the

first

to

from the papyri are from people of

person and direct address

3.

Perhaps the editor of

D

little

thought

such familiarity entirely legitimate between kings, or wished to

Arabian king as inferior to Solomon*. To account for the absence of the senders's name three

represent the

theories are possible: either /^ad^^ei;^

^pa^o? 2^

l4d«()x?;g

has fallen

by haplography, or the MS D form was original and the present text of A and B is a correction to the third person, or the writer has used the form which was customary in copies of out

letters-^

Other evidence for the secondary character of the

D

present text of native.

For the

as to the lines

first

seems too strong

to allow the

speaks the fact that the

immediately preceding the

MSS

letter.

second

differ

alter-

decidedly

More

decisive,

however, seems the consideration that such a writer could hardly

be expected to be precise as to letter formulae, particularly as the identity of the sender

is

plainly indicated in the text.

Unfortunately in any case

we reach

that the peculiarities of the letter

the negative conclusion

formulae give no aid in deter-

mining the date of the recensions. 1 Gerhard and Ziemann, see Bibliography IV 2 See Hercher and Migne, FG. 3 Apollonius Dyscolus, de const, II 9, III 14, 10, 232, 11.

1.

i8ff.;

infra.

ed. Bekker,

Scholiast to Dionysius Thrax, 550,

11.

112,

14—23,

1.

27

— 113,

ed. Hilgard.

Ziemann found six examples of xaLgoiQ to which add Ox P \i2 (I 177, III/IV cent.) and the optative tYriq, Migne, PG 161, cols. 688, 692, 697; and nine examples of xaiQE to which add Ox P 1156 (VIII 258, III cent.); op. cit., 295. Ziemann, op. cit.^ 296 f., suggests also the possibility of Latin influence. 5 Cf. Ziemann, op. cit.^ 285 f.; petitions and memorials give no precedent such it form, cf. ibid.^ 259 266. 4:

for


,

Evidence

42

is

rally suggested

and demons,

Testament a translation?

the

Is

6.

that the Test

as to Translation.

Dr. M. Gaster argues

Hebrew ^ Such a view is natunumber of Hebrew names of angels

translated from

by

the large

Solomon, the great

to say nothing of the fact that

Jewish wise man,

is

Dr. Gaster finds

the hero of the story.

dence of translation

in the expression

xm ayyilm rov

xaXovfievcp ^Ag)aQc6g), o sQfirjPS'iErai Pag)a7j?.,

.

d-sov rw.

ocaraQyovfiac^

.

.

evi-

He believes that we have here a misunderstanding of the word Shem-ha-meforash^ perush having been taken to mean "interpretation." Aside from the precariousness of argument from a single case such as this, the decisive fact is

an

editorial

found only

addition

that this expression

is

MS

in

HL

P.

present a

shorter and simpler text, vjtb rov dyyeXov 'Pag)a^X (xaraQyovf^ai),

There of

P

no reason

is

why

HL

fectly intelligible, with only

such as

'Ag)aQ(Dg)

Rec.

B As

should have omitted the phrases

they had stood in the original

if

an element of mystery in the word

The

of literature loves.

sort

this

they are per-

lest, for

editor of

contiibuted this out of his fund of magical knowledge ^

it seems to me, the strongest evidence for translation from a Semitic original is to be found in Rec. in the list of decani, the thirty-six croty^Btay where all from the twentieth on

A

call

themselves gvg (H, XVIII 24—40), or Qtg

This word surely transliteration

written in

is

a transliteration of

{U XVIII 24—28).

TVr\.

But even such a

does not prove that the whole Test was originally

Hebrew

or Aramaic. This particular section, which is Egyptian origin, has been partially revised by a Jew was taken over into the Test^.

plainly of

before

it

Another possible piece of evidence ajtoyovoq 6e

clause

Ouriel

is

in the text

nize

it

as

It

be found

and was translated by some one who a proper noun.

1 "The Sword of Moses," Cf.

to

rov

in the

©aov'*.

B and C, but the might be thought that originally bi^'i'lDSi stood

some name, have made

3

is

aQXc(.yyeXov rrjg dvvdfiscog

not the "power of God," as in Recs.

God."

"light of

elfii

m/ra VII

11.

4

The

copyists,

various "corrections."

^AS

1896

Cf. in/ra

p.

VII

155, 5.

failed to recog-

feeling

170.

5 C. II

the need of

Such a supposi2 4.

C. XIII 6.

:


Chief Ideas.

would be entirely probable

tion

43 the language

if

of the Test

more passage was written by one who knew no Hebrew. It seems much more 7. Tentative conclusion, evidence of translation.

elsewhere gave

It

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

explain

all

Test has used materials already trans-

Did the heathen commagic papyrus translate the biblical

lated

from languages unfamiliar to him.

piler

of the

late their

a

sources from Aramaic?

conclusion,

be that

So

great Paris

he used? Did the writers of the Synoptic Gospels trans-

material

tative

No

one so

Our

alleges.

at this stage of the investigation,

then,

ten-

must

native language of the writer of the Test

tlie

a study of the language of the

far

natural to

apparent indications of Semitic origin a& due to the

the writer of the

fact that

likely the

is

more precise answer as

to

its

origin

was Greek. work has taken us. For we must analyze its chief

ideas and their sources.

VI.

The

THE CHIEF IDEAS OF THE TESTAMENT.

Test

The

stency.

is

a collection of astrological, demonological, and

brought together without any attempt at consi-

magical lore,

writer attempts no science or philosophy of

nology; indeed he

origin of

a compiler rather than an author.

No

Some

general statement

demons, and the data given

are fallen angels

the daughters

one

is

Demonology^.

I.

of

men

2

^.

is

made

others are the offspring of angels and

One

is

the

spirit

of a murdered giant,

They

dwell in deserts,

tombs, precipices, caves, chasms, and at cross roads

As

to

their

a

number

^.

nature certain intimations are given.

them are embodied while

as to the

in particular cases disagree.

perhaps born of a bath qol^.

is

are

demo-

spirits.

Of one

this

minutely described,

combined of animals and

is

generally as

birds, or of animals

Most of

distinctly stated^,

and man.

griffins

One

is

wind merely, but when put into a sack he acts like a man '. They can, within limits, assume different forms s. They are ana

1 Cf. Index

II.


DemOnologyk

44

Onoskelis quails before a threat-

thropomorphically conceived.

ened beating^, Asmodaeus is bound and beaten 2, Kunopegos almost faints from thirst ^, Akephalos Daemon sees through his

and

breasts

Some for

are

is

blinded

when

the

seal

upon

pressed

is

and the writer probably thought

female,

both males and females

it

possible

They have

have offspring^.

to

him**.

all

the physical as well as psychical passions of mankind.

Though they

human

thus resemble

have a certain likeness

beings so closely, they

They escape many

also to the angels.

of the physical limitations of men, in that they

may

assume

various forms and are supernaturally crafty and powerful.

know

How

events.

this is possible is

demons

that the

They Solomon of coming explained by Ornias, who relates

and several of them

the future,

tell

up to the gates of heaven and overhear

fly

the decisions announced to the great concourse of angels there;

coming down, they make use of their knowledge to injure However, this foreknowledge is gained at great risk,

then,

mankind. for,

having no place to

weary and

fall,

shooting stars

No

and these

demons

falling

systematized demonic hierarchy

Solomon

tribe of

demons',

He

dealing with them.

in

Abezethibou,

are

what men

call

^.

as chief of the whole

like

God and

known.

is

Beelzebu],

summoned

is

to assist

has a vicegerent, named

who

himself a fallen angel,

of rebellion against

now

of heaven, tliey become

light at the gate

the good.

is

the great

spirit

Beelzebul apparently

upon earth and Abezethibou in Tartarus, though the Red Sea," where he was confined on the overthrow of Pharaoh and his host 8. He is haled before Solomon by Ephippas, not by Beelzebul, and may, therefore, be rules

"nourished in the

latter is

thought of as independent of the

1 C.

IV

5 C. 6 C.

V 4; Rec. B XX 14â&#x20AC;&#x201D;17.

7

Cc.

NT MSS

Ill,

VI.

c.

V

6.

3

248).

H

C.

XVI

certainly so thought;

BsBXt^s^ovX,

and adopted by Tischendorf,

Recs. BC.

XXIII

2

II.

latter

the

4

5. cf.

form

Beelzebul

9.

VI

is

plainly

IX 3. XXII 20.

C.

6;

occurring

in

the

majority

of

and von Soden, is the form of has BesX'C^s^ov^X, said by Legge to be the Coptic form [PSBA 8 Cc. VI 3; XXV. 9 Cc. VI 5, 6; XXIII 2; XXIV i. Nestle,


'

Demonology. identified with

xmv dacfiopicov of the Gospels 1, for "Emmanuel of the Hellenists" 2. But he is

the aQXG)v

before

he trembles

45

3; his star is *^(J:7rÂŁ()ta4. Except summoned, and in C. VI, where he a figurehead. Only Kunopegos, a sort

not "Lucifer, star of the morning"

where he

in C. Ill, is

is first

examined, Beelzebul

is

mentions the fact that he, with

of Poseidon,

subject to Beelzebul's

and

direction,

all

the demons,

at intervals

comes

is

to land

it was on one of these trips that Beelzebul him and brought him before Solomons Many interesting demonic figures appear, such as Ornias, Asmodaeus, Lix Tetrax, Pterodrakon, the dog Rhabdos, the three headed dragon called xoQv<pri 6Qax6pra)V, Leontophoron

to

consult him;

arrested

demon of Gadara,

the

three

or Empusas, called Onoskelis,

liliths,

Enepsigos, and Obyzuth, seven stars that are xocffioxQaroQEg rov cxoTOvg, and other thirty-six with the

who

the decani.

are

Limitation

same high sounding

title

of space forbids their further

here. They cause all kinds of diseases and bodily from seasickness to epilepsy, being particularly dangerous

discussion defects, to

women

in

and to and human

childbirth

flotks, houses, ships,

end of the world sort

'.

Demons

evil

out,

and

lives,

bring the

will finally

evil,

inspiring heresies,

envy, hatred, murder, war, and kinred

who

spirits

call

in

evils.

themselves xoOfioxgaroQEg are of

the

this

Test has thought the matter

far as the writer of the

does not reside

fields,

decani are entirely of this

thirty-six

are sources also of moral

idolatry, lust, theft,

The seven kind^. So

The

^.

They destroy

infants.

nor in matter, nor can

flesh,

it

be ascribed to God; sins are the result of demonic incitement.

How

or

when

zebul are

no

is

"the

rules

angels

the

any case there

real

spiritual

completely subject

means

Tartarus, 1 Cf.

3

their

for

Is

C.

to

dualism

are

Test

the

of wickedness,"

hosts

God and

subjugation.

we

sin in

Mk lU XIV

12

7.

XVIII.

=

22;

AV;

Mt Xlt

24;

=

Lk XI

told.

In

Beel-

they and he

the divinely ordained

to

Mention

not

Though

is

made

of

but no punishment for them seems to be

4 C. VI 7

to

came

demons in known ex-

2 C. VI 8. LXX. P VI 4, cmoXat xbv

16.

kcoogJOQOQ 6 TCQCot dvatdXXcov

5 C.

XVI

3,

8 CVIII.

5.

6 Only

in

seoafxov.


46

Angelology.

Astrology.

cept that which Solomon and the magic revealed in the Test

can

inflict. 2.

Test

men

Astrology.

have some

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A

demons

large proportion of the

definite astrological relationship.

in the

Demons

are said to reside in a star^, or a sign of the zodiac

a phase of the

moon

3,

and mortals seem to be

and ^

or

particularly

from demons who are avvaCrgol with them, that belong to the same star 4. The author seems to think of the

liable to injury is

of the

influence

stars

wholly

as

Asmodaeus

baleful.

says,

madness after women" ^, and that suggests the prevailing notion. There is, I believe, no reference to prediction by means of astrology. "through the stars

One piece

I ("scatter^

chapter (XVIII), a

of the thirty-six decani,

list

of astrological material taken

over bodily.

is

a

In this case

each dsxapog is thought of as a demon causing certain diseases, which are recorded, and the means for counteracting them are

Here the astrological entity does not belong to the demon, or the demon to it, but is the demon. On the other hand one may doubt whether the stars are thought of as living beings, for in XX 17 it is said, "the stars are founded in the firmament" so that they cannot fall. It would seem that astrodetailed.

logical influences are operative, not of themselves, but through

the

demons

the astral deities of paganism have teresting to

note also that the

Israelites

transferred

is

In other words,

that "dwell" in each star or sign.

pointed out^, the

pillar

to

become demons ^.

pillar

the heavens,

suspended

It is in-

of cloud of the ancient for,

James has Milky Way.

as Dr.

in air^ is the

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

The angelology of. the Test is entirely Angelology ^. undeveloped. Aside from Michael and Raphael no angels appear 3.

as

actual

actors.

are familiar and

Numerous angel names, including many

many

that

not elsewhere discovered, are scattered

HU^ai and ddevo) are the verbs used. 1 Cc. V 4, VI 7, VII 6, et passim. aoXQOV seems to mean any astrological entity. An astrological papyrus fragment at Munich has points of affinity with the Test, see Arc/dv f. Pap.-Forschung I 3 C. IV 9. 4 C. IV 6. 2 C. II 2. 5 C V 8. (1900-1) 492ff. 6 Cf. the attempt to combine the polytheistic and polydaemonistic viewpoints in

VII

6.

7

CL

Bibliogr. Ill

5.

8 C.

XXIV

5.

9 See Index

II.


Magic and Medicine.

47

through the book, but they are charms rather than designations of real beings. They are given .solely for their apotropaic value. Considering the fact, however, that the two great archangels do actually appear,

likely that the author believed in the actual

it is

numbers of

existence of great

angels, jyst as he did of

demons,

when his name was called, to him^ Aside from the use of the

and thought that each appeared,

demon

subdue the

subject to there

word aQxccyyeXog

no

is

allusion to an angelic hierarchy.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Magic and Medicine. The prime interest of the writer For him demons were what bacilli of the Test was medical. are to the modern physician, and his magical recipes and angel names are his pharmacopoeia. The one case where he embarks upon a piece of magical mysticism only serves to emphasize For when, at Solomon's request that he speak jtsQt this fact. rc5v ijtovQavlcoVy Beelzebul tells him the recipe whereby he may 4.

dragons circling 'round and hauling the chariot

see the heavenly

of the sun

2,

he

once rebuked and silenced. Evidently this There is it might well be true.

at

is

was forbidden magic, although likewise

a story of obtaining wealth through a

demon 3, but such

suggestions bear fruit only for the beautifying of the temple

Such use of demons

As

in his

^.

evidently dangerous.

is

demonology, so also

in his

bined various and inconsistent views.

He

magic the author comhas

full

confidence in

power of the magic name, which, in most cases, is an angel name. To subjugate Onoskelis Solomon "spoke the name of the Holy One of Israel" ^ Men are led astray, says Asmodaeus, "because they do not know the names of the angels which are the

ordained over us" infrequent,

there appear

In the original

6.

except

some

in

the

well

Test Ephesia

of the thrity-six

list

grammata are Here

decani'^.

known angel names, a few

that are pos-

real names, but not a few ovo^ara aOfjfia in the best manner of the magic papyri and "Gnostic" amulets. Since these voces mysticae are less numerous in the former part of the sibly

1 As Raphael does,

IV

4

II yf.

X

Cf.

Test

IV

C.

7

C. XVIII, esp. sees. i5f., 21, 29, 32;

7.

C.

5â&#x20AC;&#x201D;9.

unregenerate Hellenistic magic.

6

Dan VI

3

C.

i.

12. cf.

also

2 C.

VI

10 f.

6 C. V 5; cf. XXVI 8 H. VII 6, likewise ^ piece of


Solomon and His

48

ring.

would appear that a Jewish editor had undertaken the task of removing the heathen elements, but had become weary before he was done. section,

it

j

j

Likewise there appear the well-known apotropaic materials,

such as

a wrecked ship,

of animals, and kinds of plants

organs

^,

spittle,

certain

and the common ma-

such as the use of the cause to cure the

gical devices,

ill,

i.

e.,

demon to drive the demon away or a fishbone person who has swallowed one^ the drinking of po-

name

the

wood from

lead,

iron,

of the

to cure a

or sprinkling them about, and the writing of amulets or hanging them in the house ^. Surely these methods of aversion are fundamentally inconsistent with monotheism and with the tions

view' that the angels are appointed to frustrate the demons.

Solomon

ring of

differs

only in that

it

The was probably thought to

contain the ineffable name-*.

the

he

Test

Few

insight

He

the

demons

uses the

Christians than Solomon,

endowed by him with

into

crafty

In

excellence^

divine ooq>ia, which

demonic

wiles of his

one purpose only, to

for

in the folk-

man and magician par

already the wise

is

the favorite of God, includes

have bulked larger

figures

Mohammedans, and

of Jews,

.lore

Solomon.

5.

captives.

assist in building

and beautifying the great Temple at Jerusalem, this labor being the usual form of punishment adopted for them. Solomon's glory, the visit

and

gifts

of the Queen of Sheba, and the

of other kings are described in some detail; but

temporary, for the

bonds of Artemis 1 See I

II 6,

am much

Ornias the

is

fish),

V

^^-ise

as the

12,

IV

8,

king,

only

VII

3,

V

gf.,

13,

the

is

eventually led

VI

10,

doubt whether the means used by Raphael in

in

gifts

deceived by Eros, held by

demons prophesied^, XVHI 28,

all this is

XVIII

II

20, 33.

8 to subdue

the application of parts of the xi^ii d-akdaa}]g (as with

Asmodaeus

or the casting of the

both

uot^a

(in astrological fashion?), or

of

as in the

do not find (xoiQav ^LTtteiv in Vettius Valens as an astroloConybeare so understands it {^QJ^ XI 18 and n. 2). 2 C. XVIII 35. 3 Cf. c. XVIII.

restored

text.

I

gical phrase, but Dr.

4

Cf.

m/ra VII

144,000 in Rev VII the Apocalypse^

Cf.

was

19131 PP-

Vm9,

is

14.

4—8

Charles' to secure

interesting view

that the sealing of the

them against demonic

attack (Studies in

nS — 32).

That Solomon was not regarded as a model of perfection ir. 5 C. indicated by the statement that the murder of his brothers was caused by jindtri.


m\

Apocalyptic element.

by the Shunamite to and thus loses

all

and leaves

Test

The which

is

was

said

chief part of Solomon's magical

by Michael

prayer ^

at

every

demon.

The

he writes the

true,

equipment

God's

is

command

his ring,

in

answer

own hand, or that of his demon Ornias it at once subhave removed the original

editors

statement as to the inscription,

if

of the ring after Solomon's

is

fall

there

What became

was one 2

not stated.

Several features of the Solomonic legend receive their

known

literary

not

Either in his

best beloved servant, or even the

dues

is

to the Children of Israel.

it

given to him

king's

the

tc»

soon he dies

convinced by the fulfilment of their

demons had

the

all

How

power.

his

indicated, but at his death,

prophecies that

gods of the Jebu-

sacrifice locusts to the

sites,

expression in the

To quote

Test.

first

Salzberger,

zum ersten Male ausgesprochen, dafi Sal. beim Tempelbau verwendet habe und da6 er, durch die

„Immerhin wird es hier Geister

Liebe" zu

Macht

einer Jebusiterin

geworden

spott

heidnischen Kult verstrickt, der

in

iiber die Geister verlustig sei.

gegangen und ihnen zum Ge-

Zu beachten

ist

auch,

dal3 die ,.Konigin

des Siidens" bereits als eine Zauberin (yo^ye) auftritt"^.

Apocalyptic element.

6.

Test

is

very

slight*.

The apocalyptic element in the by the demons and their

Certain prophecies

speedy and exact fulfilment are related trustworthiness particular,

the

in

order to prove the

of the demons* revelations in

of their statements regarding their

means

for their frustration

In

^,

some

general,

own

in

and

cases these prophecies

extend far beyond Solomon's time, particularly

one who

and,

activities

in certain refer-

subdue individual demons ®. The only section which may be called measurably apocalyptic ences to Christ as

1 C. I 5

will

2 Cf. infra VII 14.

7.

4 Dr. James, TS

3 Salomosage

11.

29 The Testament of Abraham^ says, "The names *Testament' and 'Apocalypse' are convertible terms. In the case of the Apocalypses of Adam, Moses, and Isaiah we have positive evidence of this fact, and it is II

known

that most,

ment.

The Testaments of Job and Solomon come

rule,

if

not

all,

extant 'Testaments' have a large Apocalyptic ele-

but even they do not actually transgress

5 Cc.

UNT.

9:

V 5; VI McCown.

3, 5;

VIII 11; XII

4.

nearest to transgressing thi^

it."

6 Cc. XI 6; XII

3.

4


The

50 in

tonei

found

is

Christianity of the Testament.

Test which

that part of the

in

is

preserved

MS P, and, therefore, while there is no doubt that the original Test had a prophecy in this place, it seems very likely that it resembled the one in V S, and contained at least no such only in

detailed reference to Christ as

is

now

there found

2.

Did the writer of the Test, then, know nothing of the apohopes of Judaism and Christianity? At best these hopes had little meaning for him. He makes no reference to that element in Apocalyptic for which we would most naturally look, the expectation of the final overthrow and eternal binding of Beelzebul and his hosts ^. Aside from a single mention of the calyptic

avPTEXsca^,

the writer has

his

eyes on his muckrake and sees

no happier future for the world than his wretched recipes. 7.

the

— One

Jesus Christ.

Test

is

its

in the

continued use of

of the outstanding inconsistencies of

introduction of Christ as the "angel"

who subdues

Whether these passages are Christian interpolations in a Jewish document will be discussed later ^ We are now concerned with the religious standpoint of the writer who certain

demons.

gave the Test its present form ^. It is probable that VI 8 contains a reference to Christ. Certainly Rec B so understood it, and the phrase jcaga de^'EXXriCiv ^Eii^avovrjX

is

natural from

the pen

of a

Christian

who was

without knowledge of Hebrew, but familiar with the use of the

term Immanuel

XI

in Christian circles, as in

MSS

so corrupt and the

agree so

little

Yet the

6,

text

is

that the meaning cannot

be certainly made out. The garbled allusion to the "place of a skull" and "the wood" in XII 3 is so unintelligible as to afford no light on the author's views, but is plainly of Christian origin.

Unmistakable

is

the

the Gadarene demoniac is

the meaning of ev 1 C.

XV 8—12.

3 Jub

5

X

8; I

Cf. infra

6 With

in

XI

c.

to the incident ot

a legion of devils.

But what

tqioX xaQaaxrjQOi xaxayBxai MEQvt]yjoviitvoc^ 2 Cf. Anfra VII

En X

VII

reference

who had

6,

12;

XIV

5;

11.

XVI

6;

Mt

XXV 41.

ii.

this discussion cf.

Conybeare in

JQR

XI

5

12.

4

C XXV

1


I

Sources and Relationships.

in

section 6?

P probably understood

J

to refer to iiid'

it

(= 644),

the numerical value of ^EfiiiavovriX, already introduced in

and XI

Can the

6^.

three

mean

characters

the

trinity?

VI

8

In

mentioned 6 liiXXcov xatsXi^-aii^ ocoxrjQ, Ov to droiX8top kv xq> fierwxo) may be a reminiscence of Apoc XXII 4, The sign is the Tcal TO ovofia avTOv 8jeI Tmv li^xmuimv avxSp.

XVII 4

is

number

Conybeare concluded from P's frequent introduction of ;(|Mc)'2. Another distinctively Christian passage is much milder in the A form than in Rec B, which, as Conybeare points out, is distinctively patrithe next line shows, not a

cross, as

as

Rec A mentions the virgin birth, an and the crucifixion. The allusions to the permanent immaculacy of the Virgin and to the victory of Christ over Satan in the Temptation in XV lof. cannot be used

passian

in

character ^.

by

adoration

angels,

to define the position of the originator of the

Dr. Conybeare's Test as "equivocal"

of

Rec

B,

far

more

true of the original than

now

The

which he had before him ^

sources and

VII.

is

can be better understood

faith

Test^.

characterization of the Christianity of the

after

was

an investigation of the

of his subject matter,

relationships

it

nature of the writer's

to

which we

turn.

THE SOURCES AND RELATIONSHIPS OF THE SUBJECT MATTER. I.

Syncretism of the

Testament.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

To

set forth

what the

present writer has collected for the purpose of interpreting the

and determining

its sources and relationships would require Yet what has been gathered has only touched the fringe of that great body of material bearing on magic^ demonology, astrology, and kindred superstitions which has recently appeared, much of it since this work was first under-

Test

a large volume.

1 So Conybeare understood,

2 Op. zodiac,

4

3

cit.

C.

34,

§

XXII

71.

op. ciL 28, n. 6.

Diog. Laert.

20; Conybeare op.

Cf. supra sec. 6, infra

Vll

tr.

6.

102 uses azoiXHOV for "sign" of the

cit.

5

11.

JQR

XI

11.

4*


The

52

universal

human

The purpose

taken*.

Assyrian and Babylonian influence.

element.

to introduce here only

is

what

is

absolu-

germain to the subject of the section. One point is clear cavil: Like other magic the Test is thoroughly eclectic. It borrows and combines elements, often contradictory, from all the nations that contributed to the civilization ab:ut the eastern tely

beyond

apparent consciousness of their The whole course of the succeeding discussion will

Mediterranean, sources.

any

without

patent

offer illustrations of this 2. is

The

universal

human

fact.

element.

necessary, perhaps especially

magical and mythological study.

in

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

In one direction caution

the realm of comparative

Similarities are not always an

evidence of borrowing. Take an example from the story of Lix Tetrax.

As

the

demon

in the

form of a sand storm whirl-wind

by spitting on the ground 2 In modern Bengali charm for a whirl-wind exactly the same means is used to stay the demons Did the Test borrow from approaches Solomon, he lays

it

a

India or the Bengali from the Test} Manifestly neither.

And what

Spitting-

more natural than that spittle should magically lay a dust storm. So in many instances from widely separated localities the human mind under similar circumstances has reached similar conclusions. With this caution in mind we can proceed to notice the instances of real

is

almost universally apotropaic^.

is

borrowing.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Assyrian and Babylonian influence. The great civilion the Euphrates deeply affected Hellenistic, Jewish, and Christian demonological and magical beliefs. Babylonia is one of the few countries in which theology and demonology, religion 3.

zation

and "her bastard daughter, magic/' seem from the first to have gone hand in hand^. There are no indications that the official cultus ever regarded magic as alien. Rather, the exorcism of 1 See, for example,

ERE^

arts.

''Ancestor Worship," "Baalzebub," "Birth",

"Charms and Amulets," "Cross," "Demons and Spirits," "Disease and Medicine," 'Divination,'' "Evil Eye," "Keres," and the literature there referred to. 2 C. VII 3. 3 In a little collection of charms sent the author by former pupils, Babu Probodh^Chandra MalUk and Babu Shusil Chandra Karuli. One must spit on his

own

breast, however.

.5 Famell, Greece

4 Cf, Conybeare,

and Babylonia^ 300 f.

op. cit.

23, n. 3.


Assyrian and Babylonian elements.

demons seems

countless

53

have been one of the regular duties

to

of the priesthood, and, to judge from the relative proportion of

magical texts

among

those that have been preserved, one of the

most important duties

i.

Nowhere do we

find a ranker

growth

Every possible of demonological beliefs than in Babylonia. "a toothache, a headache, happen, could that accident or were ascribed

all

and were to be averted or cured This

of Hellenistic

that

of tone proves

demonic agency, incantations.

But it is also and such a general similarity relationship between the Test and the

superstition

no direct

Can we

Euphrates valley.

to

by means of

precisely the atmosphere of the

is

a

an outburst of anger, of jealousy, of

broken bone, a raging fever, incomprehensible disease" ^,

ill

Test

3,

more

find

definite evidence of de-

pendence?

A

peculiar resemblance appears between one class of Babydemons and a figure in the Test: the alakku marsu and "Ephippas, the wind demon of Arabia. Since the similarity is somewhat vague, I call attention to it with some hesitation. Ephippas is an early morning blast of wind that kills man and beast ^ or, according to MS D, "uproots houses and ti-ees and destroys men"^. The alakku marsu is „der Damon hills, and lonian

der auszehrenden Krankheit" according to Jastrow^, but Sayce"^

and Thompson® render the word "fever."

The

following from

Thompson's translation of the Asakku series shows interesting with Ephippas' activities:

similarities

1 Zimmern, Bab. Hymiten^ 13; ^

273

—392,

Rogers,

Re/,

cf.

Sab, Ass,

Jastrow, ReL Bab. Ass,, 253

144

— 159;

— 93,

Germ.,

Weber, Damonenbeschworungen.

The chief part of the hymns that have been preserved consists of incantations. 2 Rogers, op. cit. 145. 3 Cf. infra VII 7.

XXII

4

C.

6

Rel. Bab, Ass. I

7

2f.

5

MS D

VXi.

348 fF.; he is uncertain as to what disease is meant. Hibbert Led. 18S7, 477; Sayce translates thus "The plague-demon bums :

up the land like fire. The plague-demon like the fever (asakku) attacks a man. The plague-demon in the desert like a cloud of dust makes his way. The plaguedemon like a foe takes captive a man. The plague-demon like a flame consumes

a

man.

The plague-demon, though he hath neither hands nor feet The plague-demon like destruction

Ephippas), ever goes round and round.

down

the sick

man."

8 Devils and Evil

Spirits II 31.

Cf. Rogers, Rel. Bab. Ass,

147.

(cf,

cuts


Iranian influence.

54

evil

tlie

Fiend,

i The roaming windblast The evil Spirit which in the street creates a storm wind The evil Fever hath come like a deluge, and

Girt with dread brilliance it fiUeth the broad earth, Enveloped in terror it casteth fear abroad; It roameth through the street, it is let loose in the road

An

evil

And

A

no

.

.

.

^

rest,

turneth not nor looketh back again

Fever [asakku) hath blown upon a

That

least,

Semitic

figure of Ephippas,

upon

still

5.

between the Test and AssyroGranting that Babylonian,

may have

superstition

we

as the wind-blast

significant.

is

the broad places for men,

^

man

this is the closest parallel

Babylonian demonology at

.

perturbed the people of the land above and below:

Hath cast desolation upon it. The great Demon, Spirit, and Fiend, which roameth The angry, qualciug storm [which if one] seeth

or,

.

ghost (?J hath assailed the land.

pestilence, a plague that giveth the land

He

^ .

contributed to the

can assert only that the Test

rests

mass of Sumerian-Semitic beliefs of which we have the earliest and fullest illustrations from the Babylonian tablets, but not that it has borrowed directly^. To Mazdaism is to be ascribed the 4. Iranian influence. ultimately

that great

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

not of introducing demonology and angelo-

questionable honor,

logy into Judaism', but of decidedly directing

its

development^.

been so deeply affected as has the New Testament Apocalypse, for example, in its war between Michael and the Dragon 9, nor even as PauH*'; for there is no dualism

The

in

Test has not

our

text.

1 Op.

5 aaxdq-,

cit.

a

sack.

2 Uid.

5.

Ibid. 31.

knows Beelzebul only

writer

Its

It is,

3

9.

Ibid.

4

II.

Ibid.

as ^'ruler of the

13.

perhaps, worthy of note that Ephippas

However

silly

it

may

seem,

is

it

is

caught

in an

not possible that a popular

etymology connected asakku and aOicdq6 The

lilith,

who

appears

in three

forms

(of.

supra

p.

45),

is

an

inter-

national figure, and, therefore, no evidence of Babylonian influence. 7

So

Perles, Boussefs Rel. des

Judentums^

p. 36.

HDB

325 ff., IV 991 f.; Mills, 436; Bousset, Rel. des Jud. 387; Clemen, Prim. Christ. 11 iff. Religionsgesch. Erkl. 85 ff., where earlier literature is cited. See particularly Griin-

8 Moulton,

Early Zoroastrianism

304!!;,

=

Zarathnstra

baum, "Beitrage" in 9 Cf. Moulton,

ZDMG XXXI, HDB IV 992.

256; Dibelius, Geisterwelt, i83ff., igoff.

10

d-ebq

rov alojvoQ tovtov,

2

Co

IV, 4.


Iranian influence.

55

He

has no doubt that God can empower Solomon knows the angelic names to frustrate and bind who or any one any and all demons. The archangels, though their names appear^

demons"

1.-

and the one group of Yet one cannot read the Persian sacred writings without being struck by the Test^. And, furthermore, the Test has adopted one Mazdian demon, Aesma daeva, or Asmodaeus^ very much in his Magian character. Plainly the demon of tlie Test is the same as that of Tobit but the writer did not have Tobit before him or he would not have used the heart and gall, instead of the heart and liver, of never are grouped seven

together as seven,

demons has no

Parsi coloring ^

s,

the fish as his (paQ^iaxa.

which had

that, while he may have had the story he was drawing upon the developing Jewish

fount in the original source and eventua-

its

we

In another direction

manifest

medans

itself,

identified

naturally look for Persian influence

namely on the Solomonic legend. The MohamSolomon with Yima, the Jamshid of Firdausi,

many

because he had taken over so

1 C.

such as the name

Talmudic Asmodaeus®.

ted in the

to

details,

show

of the fish, yXavoq,

of Tobit in his mind, folklore

His additional

2 C. VIII; cf. infra

II 9.

VII

6,

of the Persian hero,

traits

60.

p.

S See the Vendldad, the "anti-demoniac law," (Moulton, Early ReL Poetry of Persia^ 12), esp. the incantations of Fargards XIX and XX, and the account in XXII of Angra Mainyu's creation of 99, 999 diseases [SEE IV 203 235), and Darmesteter's discussion,

4 Moulton, Early

Aesma Daeva,

y^

though

II 219,

Prim, Christ.

Rel, Poetry

as does Stave,

112,

JE

admitting n.

7

^

LXXXV— XCV.

ibid.

I

the

of Persia 68 f., accepts the derivation from 220 f., and Marshall, HDB I 172. Ginzberg, identity,

denies the derivation;

ReL-Gesch, Erkl.

86,

n.

Moulton's

7.

cf.

Clemen,

theory

that

Magian legend revamped by a Jew in its present form {Early Zoroast. 246—253) is accepted by Simpson, Charles' Apoc. and Pseudep; of the OT 1 185 f. On the influence of the Ahikar cycle see J. Rendell Harris, "The Double Text of Tobit," AyP HI (1899) 541 554, and Clemen, loc. cit., who quotes Fries, Tobit

is

ZJVTW 5

a

1905 16S, which I have not at hand. Test

V; Tob

III 8,

17;

V

7f.;

VI 13—17; VIII

2f.

more plainly the "wrath demon" in the Test than in Tob. There is no reference to Egypt in the Testy cf. Tob VIII 3. Is the uncertain phrase TrXJQrig d6ovq ntxglag (Test V 13) an attempt to render the "wo;inding spear" 6 A,

of

AeSma

is

(I? I 32)?

1

Cf.

SBE IV

p.

Lxvil,

^E

II

217

f.


Egyptian elements.

^6

renown as a builder i. The Talmudic story of Solomon combines elements from the legends of Takhma Urupa, who made Ahriman his horse until his wife betrayed him 2^ of Yima, the prosperous king and great builder, who, like Takhma Urupa, "ruled over the Daevas and men, the Yatus and Pairikas," but sinned and fell before the usurping Azhi Dahaka^ and of particularly

bis

Thraetaona, the

first

smiter*.

Test,

In

the

healer,

the inventor of magic,

we catch

however,

the story

the fiend-

midway

in

There has arisen, as yet, no demonic being to d epose the king, and th e Test lacks, therefore, the most characteristic detail which the Talmud borrowed from Persia 5.

its

development.

The drew

its

in part

evidence, then, justifies the conclusion that Persian

in-

work upon the folklore from which the Test inspiration, and have affected our text in part directly, are

fluences

at

through Tobit and, no doubt, other Apocrypha. Yet the

Test cannot

come from

circles where, as in

Magian influence was dominant. Egypt 5. Egyptian elements.

of magic,

its

pre-eminently the land

is

Her "Book of

but not of demonology®.

almost from

Babylon, for example,

the Dead"

inception had the purpose of magically insuring

the happiness of the dead in the hereafter;

and the ancient inhabitants of the Nile valley were so much concerned with tl^e future life that their magical texts gave little attention to avert1 Salzberger, Salomosage

5

;

SBE IV

1

8,

n. 3.

2 Yt XIX 29 {SBE XXIII 292 f.; cf. ibid, 252, 3 Yt XIX 31— 38 {ibid, 293—295, 297, and n. 5).

The legends of

5

the Shakneime/i

Firdausi available to me) i6f.,

with

(cf,

Atkinson,

allusions

the

in

n.

i).

4 Vend, 5

— 34,

XX {SBE IV219).

the only version

oi

(XXXIX

the Dadzstan-i'Dlmk

I27f.), Bundahish XXIII i {SBE V 87), and elsewhere throw on the references in the earlier literature, but they have probably

SBE XVIII

much

light

been influenced in their turn by the developed Jewish and Musulman tales; cf. by Moulton, Early Zoroast, 150. Bun-

Darmesteter, Le Zend Aoesta II 624, cited dahish

Dahak

XXXIV

4 f.

(5!5£

V

I49f.)

is

into connection with Scorpio,

particularly

much

interesting because

it

brings

as the Test connects certain

demons and zodiacal signs, Cf, a closer parallel to Solomon and Asmodaeus in King Mukunda and the hunchback in the Panchatantra (Benfey II 124 127 cf, I 129 f,).

ERE

IV 584—590. 749—753 (Foucart), Wiedemann, Mag, und Zaub.\ Breasted, RTAE 281 f., ft

Ret,

c.

Cf.

VI, 148—164.

III

;

430—433

296, et pas.^

(Naville);

Erman, Ag,


:

Egyptian elements,

ing

from the

ill

that

Yet enough has been preserved

living.

the fear of evil

JJ

to

show

especially the ghosts of the dead,

spirits,

was abroad here as in Babylonia and Persia, even thought the Egyptian demonology is so official texts reflect but little of it. definite color and in general so much like that of and Greece that one can hardly hope to show from Babylonia In the this side any distinctive Egyptian traits in the Test, times when the T^est was written it was of the variegated mix-

lacking

in

we call Hellenistic When we turn to astrology, however, i.

ture that

one of the longest sections

for

with the thirty-six decani^^

in

the case

the Test^

distinctly Egyptian.

is

is

different,

that having to

generally accepted since Letronne that astrology

It is

do

has been as the

not,

ancients supposed, of Egyptian origin, but rather that Babylonia

was

its

native

land

3.

As

however, has shown 4, having

Boll,

been adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and actively practised

by them, it came to be so thoroughly at home and so mixed with Egyptian elements as to be really native, "in ihrer Eigenart autochthon, wenn auch in allem rein agyptischen Inhalt von sehr spatem Ursprung" s. Particularly is this true of the decanL They were originally, not Babylonian ®, but Egyptian divisions of the equator', which were given an astrological significance. "Nur diese (the Egyptian astrology) hat die 36 Dekane personifiziert alle andere Dekandarstellungen in Indien oder bei den Arabern gehen darauf is

in letzter

BoU^

This sentence

for the

Test has fully

Linie zuriick," says

especially noteworthy for our purpose,

personified the decani.

Various

Cf.

lists

of decani have

come down

to

us

1 Erman, op, ciL 227 ff. 2 C. XVIil. 3 M. Letronne, Sur I'Origine du Zodiaque Grec, Paris 1849, Riess, in Pauly-Wissowa II 180S, art, "Astrologie" Cumont, Or, ;

6 Bouche-Leclerq, Boll, op,

cit,

Asirol.

316, 336, n.

Service des Ant, de t' Egypt, I

IX

192.

79

8

2.

133 f.,

Ibid. 2i6f.

in Bouche-Leclerq, op,

Budge, Gods of the Egyptians II 304 ibid,

^^P* P* 2. Rel.

5 Uid, 373. Gr, 215—240.

9 See the comparative table

bey Kamal,

With

4 Spkaera 372 f,

163; Astrol, 74ff.

7

9.

— 308

— 90,

;

cit, 232 f., and that in by G. Daressy, Annates du 236—9, XarfT., iSoff.; by Ahmed

also articles

III 175,


Egyptian elements.

58

names in the Test do not at all agree, but seem rather most part to be Hebrew, or, perhaps, mock Hebrew ^

these the the

for

Yet the Tests account of the is

not original invention,

of these siderial

activities

at

for,

spirits

the two chief

the beginning,

one given by Pitra from a Moscow and a Vienna MS 2 and one given by Kroll from another Vienna MS ^, agree with the Test in certain essential particulars. The names in Vind. 108 and its fellow, Par. 2419, do not correspond with any other list, just as those of the Test do not. The peculiarity of the names in the last, therefore, need not trouble us; That the activities lists,

ascribed to the several decans should not agree in is

all the lists not strange, in view of the confusion in the Egyptian lists i

While there is much closer resemblance between Pitra's and documents than between either of them and the Test,

Kroll's

they

still

differ in

many important

They

particulars.

all

agree

on the fundamental proposition, which Celsus described as an Egyptian belief, that the decans rule diseases, each of a certain

body^

part of the

In the case of the

decan

first

all

three agree

the head,

although the Test adds xgoxafpovq, which puts under the second. Vind. 108 has jtad-rj 6g)d-akfiwv

that

it

M-V

is

under, the second decan, while the Test has

Under the things

toothache.

diseases of the throat.

1 The is

unter the

From

third.

other rules

point on there are still fewer between the three accounts, yet these we have indi-

similarities

/xovsq

it

M-V

and Vind. 108 have among All three agree that the fourth decan

both

third

allusion

this

of Origen, contra Ceh.

not applicable to the decani.

VI

There

30,

is,

to

to

ol knzd.

be

sure,

aQxovteg 6atan Antiochus ex-

which mentions the 5' 6^xav5)V O'/rJixa (Boll, Sphaera 57), but this either means the Pleiades, or, as seems to me more probable, it is a mistake for the seven planets (cf. ibid. 280), which are sometimes connected with the thirty-six cerpt

decani

2

(ibid,

See Bouch^-Leclerq, Astral. Gr. 224

302),

Analecta

V,

ol.

50, referred to as

p.

18)

3

CCAG VI

from Mosquensis 415

73—78, from Vind. Graec. 108

(= MS W,

cf.

Cf. Bouche-Leclerq, op.

5 Contra micus, and ch.

Cels,

— 230.

and Vindobon. Medic.

23,

M-V.

with the seals for each decan; there

from Par. 2419

4

2, 285,

supra II 11, cit.

is

S,

cf.

supra

II 7,

names

p. 26).

230, n. 3.

VIII 58. Cf. Bouch^-Leclercq,

XV, "La Medicine

(= MS

also given a parallel list of

Astrol.," pp. 517

loc.

cit.^

— 542.

quotation from Fir-


Jewish elements.

more than fortuitous. They evidently rest upon a But M-V has for the first few names the i, and theretransliteration of the old Egyptian names

are

cated

common

tradition.

Hellenistic

fore serves to

We

are

connect

then,

safe,

Jewish revision of a

in

tradition with

concluding that

chapter of the

presenting

The

editor has

probably

made

it

a

more

decans as demons who cause disease, rather

regarding the

than deities

who

"rule" {xvQisvsi) or cure {iaxai) the parts affec-

Yet he has

such as the

failed to

purge out

all

I

am

unable to

one main source of the Test the plot,

is

Other evidence of

find.

Jewish elements and relationships.

background,

the heathen elements,

amulets and voces mysticae'^.

Egyptian influence 6.

of decani.

list

this

Egypt.

monotheistic than the other accounts mentioned above,

nearly

ted.

common

this

comes from Egyptian sources,

Test

in

59

a)

That Judaism

apparent on every page.

is

The

and the principal characters are Jewish.

Solomon, wise man, builder, and glorious king, the Queen of all familiar Old Testament sometimes presented here in strange connections. though figures, In pre-Christian times Solomon was already on the way to become a magician, both in the canonical books and in the Apo-

Sheba, and the Shunamite girP are

crypha*.

Josephus shows

developing,

his

this

conception of the king gradually

exorcisms and the remedial or magical plants

recommended being already in practical use by Jewish His ring, his power over demons, and his use of them on the Temple become commonplaces of Jewish legendary lore. His glory and his fall are put in telling contrast by the editors of the Old Testament as they are by the Test. demonology of the Test are b) The angelology and practically those of the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha. Our text contains the view, based upon Gen VI i 4 and found in Ethiopic Enoch VI— VII, XV— XVI and Jubilees VII 2 iff., X 5, that the angels who fell and their offspring became he had

magicians ^

1 Bouch^-Leclercq,

with No. 27,

p.

307.

Astrol. gr. 232

2 Cf.

suj>ra

VI

f.,

Budge, Gods

XI

304—308, beginning

4.

3 Cant VI 12, VII i. 4 See fuller discussion below, VIII & Ant VIII 25; quoted below VIII i d).

i

a),

b).


6o

Jewish elements.

demons!; but much of in the Similitudes (I

it

seems rather to follow the belief found

En XXXVII— L XXI;

cf.

Charles, ^wt?^^ p. lo;)

demons have existed since the creation. The Pseudo-Philonic Jewish work de antiquitatibtis biblicis, dating from the latter that

part of the

contra in

the

century A. D., in

first

daemonium

SauliSy

unites

citkarismus regis Dauid

its

view with another found According to

this

as to the origin of certain demons.

Test

a badly tangled passage Onoskelis

is

born of an echo.

demon

Citkarismus David addresses the

In the

thus:

Et factum est tunc noraen in compaginatione extensionis quod appellatum caelum (There follows a reference to the creation of the earth but not of animals and man.) Et post haec facta est tribus spirituum vestrorum. Et nunc molesta esse noli, tanquam secunda creatura; si quominus, memorare Tartari in quo ambulas. Aut non audire .... Aut immemores quoniam de resultatione in chaomate nata est vestra creatura. est superius

.

.

Less apposite

Abraxas^ In

p. 17,

spite

.

is

a parallel Dr. James notes from Dieterich,

y^XaCavroq Sk xov d-sov

eysvv7]d'7]6ap d-eol Ijrra-.

of great differences in detail the general manner

which each demon's work is described in I En LXIX i 12^ may well have contributed to the demon portraits in the Test. The section on the seven xo^^JoxQaroQsg (c. VII) is based upon exactly the same conceptions of evil and of demons as the list

in

of seven vices in Test.

Reuben

III 3

—6;

yet the

rently

a

in "the

X 7 — 9,

how God evil spirits

1 See above

VI

i.

Cf.

75 II

left

Griinbaum, "Beitrage,"

2 Dr. James printed the

Citharistmis

which

one tenth

an

ZDMG XXXI 225.

Apocrypha Anecdota^ Cambridge, 1893, without being aware

3,

article entitled

"An Apocryphal Work

Ascribed

The text I have quoted Dr. James communicated in a making a further collation of MSS. James and Cohn below VIII

J

c)

free under

with three other Pseudo-Philonic

of their origin. Dr.L.Cohn called attention to the source in in

appa-

tells

Jub

place of condemnation", and

fragments in

ftax'^,

the angels to imprison nine tenths of the

mere coincidence.

commanded

do not

lists

agree except that the third in each has to do with

JQR X (1898) 277—332

to

Philo of Alexandria."

letter

of July

8, 1916, after

agree as to the date.

See

for the concluding sentence of the so-called song.

3 From the "Apocalypse of Noah." One might think the Test depended upon this work, were it not that the rest of the sections Charles

particularly

ascribes

to

it

{Enoch,

sorcery and witchcraft,

pp. 24 f.) do not at all agree with the Test, I

En

VIII, IX.

e,

g. as to


6l

Jewish elements.

explains the statement of Beelzebul in

of Mastema,

command

VI 3 that his second in command rules his race in TarNot only its demonology in general but certain partitarus. Test

cular figures of

our text are well

home

known

made Asmodaeus also came to belong to Judaism as Judaism, however, gave more at

has

in the it

in

Jewish mind.

Tobit

The

Jewish folklore.

lilith

did to other nations.

attention

to angels than to

demons. While here the Test differs in emphasis, the view point the same. Among the Jews as in our text exorcism was one

is

means of

of the chief

healing, so

much

so that in antiquity the

Jew became almost as famous for magical arts as the Chaldean. "The Graeco-Roman world regarded the Jews as a race of ma-

Angel names, of which so many occur in the Pseudwere often used in incantations. The Jews were fully persuaded of the power of the "name" 2^ and they also thought of the angels as specially commissioned to protect the gicians" ^

epigrapha,

righteous from the machinations of demons.

There

are

many

thus

similarities

Test and

between the

Jewish folklore and superstition of the beginning of the Christian

But that our document is dependent in a literary way upon the Apocrypha or Pseudepigrapha does not at all appear. I have discovered but two quotations from Jewish literature, one

era.

the

passage touching the corner stone 3, the other the phrase

x-i]v

Tcov

Owp

d^Qovcov jtagsdQOv 6og)iav\ taken from the

Wisdom

same book K In the passages describing Solomon's glory and the Temple, where one of Solomon,

and a possible

allusion to the

would expect quotation, there the

biblical

accounts ^

is

only a free development of

One might mention elements

thinking which are absent from the of the

Messiah to destroy

1 Ludwig Blau,

^E

frequency of allusions to

was

common throughout

the classics

on the

2 Heitmiiller,

the

of Jewish such as the coming

demons"^.

We

C.

4

C. Ill 5;

must, then,

art. "Magic." He says, tdid. 255, "The the Bible indicates that the practice of magic

VIII 255 f., it

in

ancient Israel,"

Cf,

his

Altjud. Zauberwesen,

subject, also Bousset,

ReL Jud. 391 and

Im Namen Jesu

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 80.

176

Schiirer

XXIII 4; Ps CXVIII 22; Mt XXI 42 and parallels, Sap IX 4. 5 C. V 3; Sap VII i. XIX, XXI. 7 Cf. I En LXIX 27.

3

6 C.

all

Test,

one of

GJVUl 408

I Pt II 6.

f.


62

Jewish elements.

document operated with Apocryphal and Pseudepigraphic writers, he is not in a literary way dependent upon any Jewish literature. On the other hand so many traits connect him with the rabbinical writings that we must suppose him to live during conclude

much

that,

the

while the writer of our

same

or after the

beliefs as the

century of the Christian era.

first

Turning to the Talmud we find parallels to many of oui^ stories ^ The account of Benaiah's capture of Asmodaeus by the use of a magic ring and chain, a bundle of wool, and a c)

of wine 2 reminds

skin (I

in in

and again of Ephippas (XXII 9—16), for the ring is both cases. It is pressed upon Ornias and seals Ephip4

his

while in the rabbinic legend Benaiah cries to

sack,

Asmodaeus, "The name of the Lord is

capture of Ornias

slave's

— 14)

lo

used pas

one of the

caught

modaeus shows a knowledge of the plans, just as Ornias does

foolish

know

upon

is

Ephippas

thee,"

sack instead of by drinking wine from

in the

the future

is

is

The

3.

found elsewhere

i6a the collocation of ideas

future

and laughs

much

As-

idea that the demons

the Talmud.

in

it

at men*s

the

same

In Hagiga

as in the

Test

"The rabbans taught: The demons possess six characteristics, three like the ministering angels, and three like the sons of men. Three like the ministering angels: they have wings like the ministering angels and they fly from one end of the world to the other like the

determined angels.

ministering

for the future (rTT^tib

l^iW^

Do you come

They know!

and they know what

angels

is

ird) like the ministering

to

that opinion?

Rather

from behind the curtain like the ministering anThree like the sons of men: they eat and drink like the gels. sons of men, they propagate themselves like the sons of men, they hear

and they

it

die like the sons of men"*.

1 Ginzberg, Legends IV 165 2 Gittin 68a; Ginzberg, J}

C.

XX

6—18;

Transcendentale, Magie

from Suca 53 a. 4 Goldschmidt the curtain.''

cf.

a

loc,

The Abotk of R. Nathan

— 9. cit,\

story

^

JE

XI 4435.

of the angel of death related by Brecher,

und magische Heilarten im Talmud Wien

III 2 839, Streane, 92; cf.

j

Test

XX

16 for

'

1850,

p.

58 f.,

'hearing behind


Jewish elements.

adds:

"Many

every form

their

appearance according to

they wish, and they see and are not

as

This passage

instructive in that

is

of fhe Test and writer

They change

say;

53

reduces

was not able

it

it

describes the

seen*'i.

demonology

system which apparently our

to a

to construct.

d) While, however, there are

many resemblances between

demonology, magic, and mythology and the must not forthwith be taken as proved that it is a Jewish work. It certainly was not a product of rabbinic Judaism such as is seen in the Babylonian Talmud, and later Jewish specu-

Jewish angelology, Test^ it

Samael appears only in MS D, the angel of death, Malak Iia-Moweth, of the Zohar and Qelippoth not at all 2. Asmodaeus

lation.

is

an

entirely

Ornias and the

different

New

character,

his

plac e

being taken by

Testament BeelzebuP.

of Jewish tradition come to surround Solomon which only begins to appear in the Test^, Among the many later traits not found in our document, one which might easily have been used is the statement in Targum Sheni

The

mists

with a halo

Esther that "Solomon ruled over the wild beasts, over the birds of heaven, as

over the

the

and over the creeping beasts of the earth, as well devils, the spirits of the night; and he understood

language of

all

these

according as

it

is

written,

talked with the trees,'" instead of 'of the trees,'

One of

I

'and he

Kg IV

33 ^

most decisive illustrations of the difference between the Test and later Judaism is the account of the fall of Solomon. The subject was one which the Jewish theologians in the early

Test in

the

its

the

attitude

Amoraim,

pressure

some heat*^. The midway between the Tannaim and while Solomon falls, it is under the

Christian centuries discussed with

in

stands

that,

of a passion which seems not to be regarded as

1 A. Wiinsch, 4i6f.; Aboth di R.

"Die Zahlenspruche in Talmud

Nathan 37

3.

u.

Midrasch",

ille-

ZDMG LXVI

2 Cf. Meyer, Qabbalah 43of., 4:^2â&#x20AC;&#x201D;7.

3 See Griinbaum's characterization of the Talmudic Asmodaeus in ZDMG 216, following Git 68a, b, and Fes iioa. 4 Cf. Eisenmenger, Entd, Jud. 1 441 Faerber, K, Sal.; Salzberger, Salomo-

XXXI

;

^age\

JE

Xl438fr., 448.

5 Salzberger, op, cit. 93 f, from f. 440, ed. David p. 8. 6 Faerber, K, Sal. 4 19, Salzberger, Salomosage I2f.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;


Jewish elements.

64 and

gitimate,

worship

his

^

was not conscious and]

of idols

brazen, but consisted merely in crushing certain locusts before 1 idols,

he

for

not

"did

consider the blood of the locusts" i.j

who wished

This charitable estimate quite befits a writer

his

work accepted as a valuable medical treatise own hand. That in the Test Asmodaeus has nothing to do with the king's fall at once differentiates the work from the Talmud and proves that it had no close connection with those! popular cycles of Solomonic myth from which the rabbis pro-j from Solomon's

|

bably drew

their stories.

Moreover, in the Test there

on

is,

the]

one band, no hint that the king lost his throne along with power over the demons,- and, on the other, no restoration of power, while the ring, which is the chief means by which gains

power over the demons,

his

not indispensible, as

is

his;

his

hej

it is

Talmudic legends-. The connection of a Shunamite girl^ with Solomon's fall is unique. It must have been suggested byj the name in Cant VI 12; VII i, and it would seem to hint at an interpretation of Canticles otherwise unknown to me^, and entirely in the

1 C.

XXVI

5.

The

Test takes the attitude of the Half-Tannaites; Faerber,

op, cit, 8f.

2 See Gittin 68 a,

b.

Salzberger, op,

cii.

115

is

hardly justified in making j

the Test present a later development of the ring legend than the Talmud, if that is

what he means.

The

often

{Ant VIII 2

Josephus

published

passage

5)

presupposes

a

ring

of Solomon.

from the great Paris magical papyrus

(Suppl.

no doubt borrowed from Jewish, not Christian magicians. Dieterich believes the section cannot be earlier than the time of Eupolemus, and probably comes from the Essenes {Abraxas I42ff., Leid, pap, 78off.). In any case this papyrus, written in the III or IV cent. A. D., but embodying much older material, stands beside Josephus as a witness to the prominence of Solomon and grec. 574) is

his ring in

magic during the

earliest centuries

of the Christian

xaxa

era.

No

satis-

a^^aytdoQ ijg eO-ero 2oXo/i(ov inl x^iv yXwaaccv tov ^IsQ^fxlov xal iXdXTjoev (ri. 3039 f.) has been advanced. Professor Deissman {Licht 187, n. 15, LAE 257, n. 10) thinks it may aUude to some legend connected with LXX Jer I 6 10. Is it. not more likely that the name Jeremiah is a mistake for some demon or dragon name that has been misread? In one of the phylacteria of the Bologna MS which contains the Test is the line l6ov S. vidg Aa^ld d^axovzoq yXoioaav sxo>v ^aCiXsQ)q iy>ce(pa)uv (cf. supra II, p. 24, n. 2). One can go no farther than to suggest the possibility of a connection. I can discover no Essenic material in the Test, factory

explanation

of the

clause

bQxltfa

as

TTjq

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

unless indefinite prescriptions of "cleanness" can be supposed to be such (VI 10,

XIII

2).

3 See

my

article in yt. Palest, Or,

Soc, I

116â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 121.


Jewish relationships.

became customary

that which

to

contradictory

65 in

Jewish and

Christian circles.

A same our

comparison of the

with Jewish thought in the

Test^ then,

confirms the statement which Dr. Kohler makes, that

field

document

pre-Talmudic 1.

is

Palestinian than to the

It

moreover, closer to the

is,

Babylonian Talmud 2.

Loewe

If

is

right

was Galilean, not Judean, rabbis who believed in demonology and magic 3, we have just the line of tradition we should expect in a Christian work, which would be connected with Palestine rather than Babylon, and with Galilee in

contention that

his

it

rather than Judea.

One

e)

offshoot of Jewish magic remains to

be considered.

Perhaps the most interesting and valuable of recent publications in

field

this

Montgomery's Aramaic

is

inscriptions

Nippur,

Aramaic,

series

'

Some

are

distinctly heathen,

and

all

are decidedly eclectic,

Hellenistic elements,

show Jewish influence and were prepared

but the for Jews.

Strangely enough, in view of the place of origin, Persian

nology has of the to this

from

and Mandaic, intended to protect the houses of the clients, and dating from the sixth century

mingling Babylonian, Jewish, majority

Texts

Incantatioji

of magic bowls in rabbinic

Syriac,

and families A. D.

from a

no

left

trace,

but "Egypto-Hellenistic magic

prime sources of our

remarkable

How

texts''^.

is

the

demois

one

Test related

series of incantations?

We find the same same trust in their efficacyÂŽ, and the same conception of demons as the causes of ills and diseases of all sorts. The sealing of demons is mentioned In

respects the similarity

of angel names

kind

in

many

most of the

texts',

In a related text

ending

in

is

-el^,

and Solomon's

Grunbaum found

great.

the

seal

is

referred to in some^.

the phrase "jinn of Solomon"^.

1 Cf. supra I 4.

{ZDMG XXXI

and Perles {Bousset's ReL d. Jttd. 35 f.) comes nearer to the soberer views of the former, as is natural in a Christian work, which would not show direct 4 Op. cit. 115, cf. 116. Babylonian influence. 3 ERE IV 612 f. 5 Ibid. 96 ff,; see review by the writer, AJT XIX (191 5) 292 ff. 2

Grunbaum

call attention

to

the difference.

6

Ibid. 56ff., III.

8

Ibid.

UNT.

9:

7 Cf. ibid.

170, 173, 232, 248.

McCown.

215)

The

9

Test

127, 133, 165, 191, 231 Ibid. 80,

r\vi-ym

f.

ÂŤ5*^a.

5


66

Hellenistic elements.

On gician

the other

is

hand there are decided

The ma-

differences.

not concerned with individual demons or angels.

Per-

names of demons are few; rather they are addressed as classes, "Demons and Devils and Satans and Liliths"^, while the angels, even more than in the Test, come ,to be mere charms, not pei'sonalities. The black art is personified, and ''the Curse' and the Vow, and Arts and Practices" are adjured 2. Certain; familiar names appear which the Test lacks; for example, Metatron^, Abraxas^, and Hermes ^ Rather more of plainly Hellenistic magic enters into the Aramaic texts; for example, Zeus and Okeanos*^. Heathen deities appear more distinctly: Sames, Sin, Bel, and Nirig"^. The charms are much more elaborate than any in the Test. sonal

From

this hasty comparison it is evident that Montgomery's and ours belong to the same world, that of syncretistic Hellenism, but not to the same part of that world, nor to the same era. The Test comes from an earlier, or at least a less

texts

developed stage

highly as

on

may

it

its

appear,

magic,

if

the history of magic,

in

shows- really less

not on

its

of

and, strange

Hellenistic

influence

demonology, than do the

Semitic

texts. 7.

and

Hellenistic elements

relationships.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

No one

familiar

with the magic papyri can fail to identify the Test as a HelleUpon the basis of primitive Greek and Roman nistic work.

animism the popular mind had constructed by the time of the Empire a magic that borrowed from all the races, Babylonian, Persian, Indian, Jewish, and Egyptian, that had contriearly

buted to'

civilization, and yet was thoroughly naturalized 8. world that the Test belongs.

its

It is in this

1 /did. 225; cf. 68. 218.

Such summaries

The magician wishes 2

Idid. 237, et passim.

4

Ibid.

148, 196, 232,

6

Ibid.

197, cf. 113.

are frequent

and long,

S cf.

pp. 188

f.,

Ibid. 207, cf. 98, 113.

57. 7

5

Ibid.

Ibid. 238, In a

147,

196, 207, cf.

heathen charm,

8 Cf. art. "Demons and Evil Spirits (Greek)" in ERE TV Pearson and art. "Damonen u. Damonische" in Realenc. IV 408

123, 113.

cf.

7of.

590â&#x20AC;&#x201D;4 by A.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 19

with bibliographies.

cf.

to include all possible evil spirits.

by

C.

Weiss, J.


Hellenistic elements.

6/

no doubt, the well known Greek female demon, although the manner of her birth can be paralleled from both Enepsigos is probably Hekate^. Greek and Jewish sources ^ Onoskelis

One demon

is

I

identified with

have

Lix T^trax, two of the

ori-

Ephesia grammata^ in part because, while the nanie

ginal

corrupted,

it

Cretan tablet of the

fourth

century B.

Hellenistic,

as the

charm ^ovXtala' d^aXaX'

section

is

demon

shows; the Christian

idea.

Akephalos

is

wind as it is in a In any case the

Test connected with a

is in the

C.^.

fiskxdX*

also cures fever, a heathen, not a Jewish or

Kynopegos may be

Daemon

appears

identified with Poseidon*.

the magic papyri s.

in

The

idea of

was familiar to the Greek mind, for the" K^Qsg were the ancient Greek form of microbe ÂŽ. The similarity of views on this subject among men widely separated in time and place is illustrated by the fact that Plato, Apuleius, and the Talmud all agree in regarding demons as partly human, demons

as the cause of disease

partly supernatural in their nature'.

The magic of

the Test is not outwardly so different from magic papyri, and the writer was familiar with the praxis of the latter, as VI lO and XVIII show. But ovofiaxa ciarjfia rarely appear, and when they do they are an evidence that the section in which they occur has come from Hellenism; nor do the incantations and amulets have the elaborateness that characterizes them in the papyri. The angel, a messenger of that of the

God,

is

the agent of healing and protection.

The

nor defixiones appear.

papyri chiefly in that

it

is

then,

Test,

differs

No

black magic,

from the magic

the work of a Christian using heathen

1 C. IV. Cf. Roscher, Lexicon^

s.

v.

^Ovoasieliq'f J. HaiTison, Proleg,

202 f.;

H46;, supra VI i, ^^I 6 b. 2 She is a moon goddess, called yLVQimvvpiOQ,-, and lias three forms. 3 Ziebarth in NGG 1899, 131, Wiinsch, Rh, Mus. LV (1900) 73fF. The writer is preparing an article in defense of this identification. 4 C. XVI. 5 Lond. P 46 145 ff., Gr. Pap. Br. Mus. I 695.; Deissmann^ Licht 194, LAE 139, Of course the headless ghost is an international figure (cf. Washington living's Legend of Sleepy Hollow)^ but allusions to fire and lightning in both accounts make the identification certain. 6 Hamson, Froleg. i63flF., Bouche-Leclerq, Asirol, Gr, 24 n. i. Cf. supra VII 6. 7 Sympos, 202 e; Apuleius de Soer. XIII. Gruppe,

Gr. Myth.

1306

and

n.

17,

769;

Lucian

-ver,

hist.

5"


Christian elements and relationships.

68 materials

rather

than that of

a""

heathen working on Jewish

or

Christian matter.

The passages show

that his fame as

limits

of Judaism and

that

papyri which mention Solomon merely

in the

magician was spreading beyond the

a

One

Christianity K

is

inclined to think

some legend of Solomon's dealing with demons

is

back

of

the line that speaks of Solomon's laying his seal on the tongue

of Jeremiah-. 8.

Christian elements

a)

Relation to the

text regarding

As

and

New

relationships,

Testament.

demonology the New Testament

to

The thought

of our

has already been sufficiently discussed 3.

Christ

is

not sufficiently de-

permit a comparison of individual figures except

tailed to

case of Beelzebul,

who

in the

New

Testament character, so far as our knowledge goes, and who has been fully adopted into our text*. In general it is quite evident that Paul and the writers of the Synoptic Gospels believed in demonic activities! is

a purely

such as are described

in

point that Christ's

the only

is

They name to

the Test^.

differ in

the essentia?

use in exorcism, and,

it could safely be invoked only by real magic books were to be burned'. Testament language has been adopted by our writer

according to Luke, Christians^;

New

all

the phrases orotxsTa xoOfioxQaroQsg tov oxotovc, applied

in

seven

the

spirits

of evil 8,

or aroiXEia

ol

Oxorovg {tov alcovog) tovtov applied to the thirty-six

and

dgxccl xal s§ov6lcu xal dvvafiBtq as

Dr. Conybeare has

1 Par

p.

decani^,

designations of angelic

and discussed a consinumber of words and phrases common to our text and

beings i**. derable

to

xoOfioxgaroQeg tov

MP

collected

850, 853, 3040,

2 Cf. Deissmann, opp. citt. 3 Cf. supra V 7, 64, n. 2.

184,

4

Dieterich,

252,

VI

Cf. supra

i

Abraxas 139; cf. supra and p. 44, 'n. 7.

5 Dibelius, Geisterwelty 37 114. 6 Mk IX 38fF.; Lk IX ^^U Ac XIX 13—17. 7

Ac \IX

19.

9 C. XVIII

2,

8 C. VIII 2. combining Gal IV

3, 9;

Col

omits xov alwvog as do the best witnesses in

10

MS

C.

XX

15,

Eph.

I 21;

Col

I 16; II 15

II 8,

20 with

Eph VI and

I

Eph VI

12.

MS P

12.

Pt III 22 are combined; but

P, putting xoa^oscQdroQsq for dwdf/.ecg has the order of

Eph VI

12.


Christian relationships.

the

New Testament

He comes

1.

69

to the conclusion, with

which

we must on the whole agree, that the similarity of phrase is due to common environment. "Paul merely glances at a system of belief

which the Testament

sets before us in lengthy detail"

But the environment of our writer includes the Not as if he had first hand acquaintance with

New

That

it.

^i

Testament. is

ex-

cluded by those passages which deal with its incidents or ideas. When he describes the "Gadarene" demon, Leontophoron, he

only to

refers

one would in

the outstanding features of the story which any

remember who had heard

it

read or told

^.

Likewise

mentioning Jesus he alludes only to characteristic features of

Christian doctrine

who was

which would impress themselves on a hearer

dsiaidatfiovsarsQog.

combining as

stone,

after the

manner of

reads like

stone,

I

The

story of the rejected corner-

it

does Ps CXVIII 22 and

Pt

II

6fJ, but referring

anti- Christian

Is

them

XXVIII

polemic from the Jewish

was not familiar with the Christian of these verses, if he was a Christian.

I Certainly our writer

cation

After weighing the evidence one

is

16

to an actual side.

appli-

driven to the conclusion

had the same relation to the New Testament that we have found him sustaining to the Old Testament and the apocryphal literature. All this constitutes part of the background of his thinking, and he had a superficial knowledge of it derived from hearing it read in the Sabbath worship, or mentioned in sermons and discussions; an occasional phrase the author of the

that

or quotation

Test

sticks in his mind,

or he

instructed magicians; but he

better

is

may borrow from

other

not working with copies

He composes freely without knowledge with an absence of literary dependence rather than a very early date which makes the Test at once like and unlike the New Testament^. of any of this literature before him..

literary

trammels.

It

is

auricular

XI 5 f. 2 Idid. 6, 3 t. IX; cf. supra VI 7, p. 50. XXII 7f., XXIII 2â&#x20AC;&#x201D;4. Cf. Mt XXI 42 and parallels; see above VII 6if., also IX 2 and n. 16, p. 102. 5 Cf. Conybeare, yQIi XI 10; "The allusion [to the miracle of Gadara] 1 ygj?

4

p.

C.

not of such a kind as to involve our Gospel text in reflects

the oral tradition

which went before

it."

its

6,

is

present form, but rather


yO

Gnosticism.

b) Relation to the early Church.

would such a work as the

tians

To what class of Chris^One would ex-

Test appeal?

much Gnostic material in such a work, especially, view of the fact that so many so-called "Gnostic amulets" have been preserved, many of them coupling the name of Solopect to find in

mon

with Abraxas and similar words of powers In fact, Dr.: Conybeare concludes, "It is probable .... that the Testament was the favourite book of the Ophiani, or of some analogous sect which combined a belief in Emmanuel with a mass ofpreexistent Jewish superstitions"

2.

The passage on which judgment appears to

be

me directly to in whom Origen

contradict

The

it.

this

seven

ascribed to the Ophiani 3,

in

Gnosticism 4, are certainly the seven

Test the only group of seven which appears

In the

be identified with the Pleiades

racteristics

of the

mentioned

with

and Wisdom

agree.

which the author of But these seven, which with the "mother"

play so important a part

to

we cannot

just the sort of beings in

sure,

the Test believes.

planets.

this

to

ruling demons, faith are,

With

Dr. Conybeare seems to base

them.

as

5;

Gnostic seven

in

they have none of the chanor

*^,

Sophia

is

is

there any "mother"

personified

is

in

Proverbs

Test long before her appropriation by

the

Gnosticism.

The

prohibition of the invocation of angels'

eine Sache" in the Second

Book of Jen

'

is

names "um

irgend

a direct attack upon

A similar condem-

such practices as the Test sought to further. nation of heathen magic and astrology appears 1 In the British

Museum

ASTRAEL lAO SABAO

is

in Pistis Sophia^,

a bronze nail with the inscription,

(drawing of a serpent)

SOLOMONO;

ABARAXAS.

H. B. Wallers, of the Bronzes in the Br, Mtis., Gi'eek^ Roman, and Etruscan^ p. 370, No. 3194. Henzen, Bull, d, Inst, di Corr. Arch. 1S49 ?• n cites from a magic nail the inscription, AO SABAO SOLOMONO. Wessely, Eph. Gram. 22, 202, cites im 2 Op. dt. 14. aoXo^(i>v oapao from Montfaucon Tad. 164. cf.

Cat,

3 Contra 4 op.

Cels.

VI

30, Conybeare,

Cf. Bousset, Hauptprobl.

c.

I,

JQR pp.

XI

5 So Bousset, op, clt, 21 n. 2, decides; 24 n. 2, though suggesting the planets

cit.

6

Cf. Bousset, op.

8 Ibid. pp. 15

cit.

— 18,

27.

167.

7

13.

9-58. as

does also Conybeare himself,

as an alternative.

Schmidt, K~Gn. Schriften, 305, 30 f.


1

Ethiopian connections.

as Dieterich

but,

7

pointed out, the Gnostic insisted he had the

was this that gave Gnostic one of the striking facts outside the chapter on the that, about the original Test is thirty-six decani (XVIII), which, as we have seen, is of Egyptian origin 2, it contains practically none of the names which are key to the true science 1, and amulets such tremendous vogue.

:

v;

it

Now

commonly found on Gnostic amulets, or are regarded as characteristic of Gnosticism; such names as Abraxas and laldaboth. distinctly Gnostic elements

The

belong to sections which have

been assigned on other grounds to the later recensions

The one piece of cosmic mysticism occurring the

directions

the

chariot

136,

c.

in

tail

of the

seeing

mouth ^.

%deccmi^ which

for

Test,

dragging

presents a conti'ast to Pistis Sophia

sun"^,

gi'eat

dragon with his

The words and phrases

in the list of the

have a Gnostic sound

origin;

in the

dragons

heavenly

"the

which describes the sun as a his

Gnostic

for

3.

example,

lai'

may be

leco*

in part really of

viol JJa^acod-'^,

xalXtov

ken Soloiimv Evdexa jtaraQcov^^ lov6a ^iC^a^ov^. Some, perhaps all, are borrowed by Gnosticism and the Test from the same 'โ€ขsources, Judaism, heathenism, and Christianity 1^. None of the characteristic features of the Gnostic systems, such as dualism, emanations, syzygies, and mystic names being found in the Test, and there being so few allusions of any kind to Gnostic language, the conclusion must be that our text has not come under Gnostic influence.

One story in the From Ethiopia comes

Test

a

parallels that in the Test.

brings

In the

temporarily deposes the King pian to

legend Pharaoh's

it

into touch with Ethiopia.

story of Solomon's

by

Talmud

it

fall

is

seizing his ring.

daughter seduces him.

worship her idols; he refuses.

he promises on oath that he will

Cf. infra

In this Ethio-

She urges him She entices him until finally do whatever she wishes. Then

f. and n. 2. 2 Cf. supra VII 5. VII 11 and 12. 4 C. VI 19. 5 Schmidt, K-Gn. Schriften 233 i8f. G C. XVIII. 1 Ibid. ยง 16. 9 Ibid. ยง 21. 8 Ibid, ยง 18, P only. 10 E. g., Sa^(x(bS; 'A6o)vat; cf. ยง 17.

1 Abraxas, 151

3

M'hich closely

Asmodaeus who


72

Ethiopian connections.

she

a thread across the middle of the door of the temple

ties

of her gods (that

"Come

me

to

is,

them

sets

locusts,

across the door half

in the

and twist

she says to him, "From

complies,

brings three

up),

stooping so as not to break the woolen thread,

these locusts before me,

kill

way

temple of her gods, and says to him,

made offering them." The writer, moved by

their necks."

now on

I

will

When

do thy

he

will,'^

my

gods and hast prayed to the same apologetic tendency as the Test, explains that he acted thus on account of his oath order that he might not perjure himself, although he knew

since thou

in in

that

hast

was a

it

The

sin to enter the idol

parallels

between

this

too striking to be overlooked.

demonology

to

as a whole are

great importance

is

temple ^

legend and that

in the

much

like

those of the Test.

"\''ery

attached in (Ethiopic) magic spells to the

knowledge of names and the power resident

in

potent element of the magician's art Jewish,

this

Test are

Furthermore, Ethiopic magic and

pagan ideas curiously meet ....

them; and Christian,

In Abyssinia, Biblical

in

and

sacred

names, together with a large number of fanciful appellations

much resembling

those in the Jewish Kabbala, were magically*

pronounced for the purpose of warding and

all

kinds of diseases"

lets

to

be

chael,

the

tied

to the

The

2.

off the

power of demons

use of slips of paper as amu-

person or walP^ the prominence of Mi-

use of angelic names against demons and diseases*,

Werzelya ^ and the power of Solomon over demons almost make the impression that it is the Test which Margoliouth

the

lilith-like

6. Remembering also the similarity of the Enoch one might be led to the conclusion

describing

is

Ethiopic

1 Prof. Dr. Carl BezoJd,

den

HSS.

Klasse

in Berlin,

der

Salzberger,

§

k'dnigl.

Salomosa^e 96,

Ak.

that the

Kebra Nagast, Die Herrllchkelt der Xonige, nach

London^ Oxford, and bayer.

7>^/ and

d.

JViss.

says the

J^aris^

c.

23. Bd.,

same

story

64, i

in Abh. der philos-pliiloU

Abt.,

Miinchen 1905,

found in Kisa^i;

6of.

cf.

infra

2 G. Margoliouth, "The Use of Charms and Amulets in Ethiopia,"

ExT

9, p.

is

80.

XXI

3 Ibid. 404. Cf. Test XVIII 22â&#x20AC;&#x201D;42. 4 Loc. ciL 9 (June 1910) 403. 5 Montgomery [AITN i^ii^ gives several parallels to the story of Christ's meeting with it lilith. In Canaan Aberglaube 27 f. the story in told of Solomon. > Op.

cit.

405.

-


Christian relationships.

73

must have come from the land fi'om which the Ethiopic its legends, that is, from Egypt.

Test

church received

much,

Lest one should infer too similar

legends

Dr. Conybeare has discovered a

the story of the corner stone which

to

not

could

the

In

church 2.

Georgian

Georgians

history of the

of the saint and the Armenian

life

a story of a cedar column, the seventh

is

necessary to the erection of the

last

human agency

of St. Nino, the mother of the Georgian

in life

^

lift

be noted that

to

is

it

those in our text ate to be found in other

of the Christian world.

parts

parallel

and

to

church in the

first

newly converted kingdom, which the king and

his

all

people

were unable to move, but which, in the early morning, after the defeat

of the hosts of evil

invisible

hands

but the miracle

king,

their

suspended above

its

St.

same story

the

siastical History

by

is

One might

base^.

but the connection

Dr. James writes to me:

"I

of the "Iberians" and

told

is

moved by

is

In Rufinus' Eccle-

it^.

heightened by leaving the

of the stories of the corner stone last legend,

Nino's prayers,

base prepared for

to the

is

pillar

think of a combination

and the

aerial

column

in this

very tenuous.

would add two more references

to your bit of testimonia. In the Syriac Obsequies of the Virgin,

Wright, Contributions 1865, p. 42,

the end of

the in

same

the

to

Apocryphal Literature of the NT, man and his son [Test XX]

the story of the old

is

and

only,

it

tale.

from a

It is

a tract called Inventiones

but unmistakably

in different guise, fifth

century

MS

Nominum which

(see p. 12).

I

Also

printed in Journal

of Theological Studies^ 1903, p. 224, § 27, is, 'Tres sunt Orniae Tercius est Omias princeps demoniorum.' In one this

MS

emended I

Mace. XII

but

7;.

esting to find

Christian 1

Test

Conybeare.

4

from

XXII

7,

Bibl,

life

XXIII.

V

(1908)

The accounts

it

is

an emendation.

excursions

we

to

2 Guardian, Mar.

Migne,

fields

of

29, 1899, 442.

edited

are full of wild stories of ;

outlying

find every reason for believing

38—41, and 83 f.,

Ibid, 60, Eccl. hist. I x

It is inter-

in Latin."

these

thought and

3 Stud.

sure

I feel

an allusion

Returning

is

princeps Lacedaemoniorum' in allusion to

'Ornias

to

PL XXI

482.

by Miss Wai-drop and Dr. demons and exorcisms.


JA

Christian relationships.

that the Test belongs in the ordinary current of Christian faith

and

From

practice.

Paul on down the church fathers believed

and the dangerous powers of demons heraus, von der Hilflosigkeit und "Aus dem tiefsten niedergedriickten Stimmung, wie dieser Glaube sie erzeugt hatte, eine Rettung gefunden zu haben, schreibt ein Christ des II. Jahrh. (Clemens Alex., Theodoti Exc. 71, 72) die Worte: 'Verschieden^ artig sind die Gestirne und ihre Krafte, heilsame, schadliche, rechte, linke .... Von diesem Widerstreit und Kampf der Krafte rettet uns der Herr und gibt uns Frieden vor dem Kampfe der Krafte und der Engel, den die einen fur, die anderen wider uns fuhren'"2. Origen also seems to believe fully in the "powerful names" known by "the Egyptians, or by the Magi among the Persians, or by the Indian philosophers called Brahmans," as he does in the power of the name of God and of Jesus and of angel names ^. That Christians practise sorcery or exorcism by demonic names he indignantly denies; it is the name of Jesus which drives out demons. Jesus has freed the Christian from all superstitious fears 4. in

the real

existence

i.

Gefiihl

such was the case with the leaders in the Christian

If

church,

how can we expect

that the rank

and

file

of their

fol-

lowers should fully grasp and consistently apply the one great

which Christian magic differed from heathen, that Christ's was the sole name of power to use for all purposes of healing and protection? The newly converted idolater cannot at once rise to the full heights of Christian spirituality^- The idea

in

ancient

1

church replaced the heathen deities with the Cf.

von Dobschiitz,

(Christian)," very strangely

ERE

413—30,

III

H. L. Pass,

Im Namen 1 24f.

cf.

45.

and

Amulets

5. 2 Wendland, Kultur 81. ovrwq oh xa oi]fiaiv6fieva xata twv

Jesu^ 291

V

"Charms

IV 578 83, art. "Demons and Evil but see now VIII 277 f., art. "Magic."

ibid^

Spirits (Christian)" treats only of angels,

See also Heitmiiller, 3 Contra Cels.

art.

crucifix

n^ayfidziov akX\ai xcbv (pcovwv TtoiozrjTeg xal c6i6ti]Z£q sxovoi xi Svvatdv iv Com. II 76. 4 Ibid. VIII 57 f. avTaig n^bq t&Se xivk rj x&Sa. I 25 20, 5 Experience as a missionary in India has vividly impressed upon the

KV

writer's its

mind

the

point of view.

which converts to Christianity have in acquiring But modern western Christianity is not without illustrations

difficulties

of the same problem.


Relation to patristic thought.

75

and the images of the saints and madonna, and the old abradacadabra with angel names K At a very early time on Christian amulets the Lord's Prayer, verses from the Psalms, and

myths and incanSimilarly the writer of the Test is making a brave,

other familiar passages replaced the heathen tations

2.

though but partially successful, attempt to put Christian Jewish and Christian) ideas in the place of heathen.

(i.

e,,

This whole

movement is most illuminatingly set forth in an excerpt quoted by F. C. Burkitt from the Syriac homily De magis, incantoribus, which "the writer complains that his fellow-ChrisHe tians, even the clergy, resorted to Magicians and Jews. says (col. 395): 'Instead of the blessings of the Saints, lo, they in

et divinis,

about the incantations of the magicians, and instead of

carry

holy cross,

the

carries

on

it

lo,

they carry the books of devils ....

his head,

who knows nothing

at

and another round all,

carries

about

One

and a names and comes

his neck,

devils'

child,

Polluted and abominable priests take refuge names of demons... "^ Magic grew in power in the church, especially from the fourth century on, and was officially recognized in the sixth and seventh"*. Our text is a document of

church)

(to

in

the

progressive paganizing of

this

the product of c)

some obscure

Relation to

official Christianity

rather than

heretical sect.

mediaeval Christianity.

belongs to orthodox Christianity

•— That the

further demonstrated

is

2'^est

when

one turns to study the preservation of the ideas for which stands

in

the European world.

Illustrations are too

it

numerous

The Queen of Sheba will serve as one. Kraus has collected many references of Byzantine writers to the fabled queen, which show that in using her the lest was followpresent in detail.

to

ing,

or inaugurating, Christian tradition 1 Cf. Heitmiiller,

Im Namen

2 Cf. Deissmann, Licht^

24,

Jesu^ 252 167, 297,

«.

f.

LAE

39, 232, 415!?.

3 In PSBA XXIII (1901) 77 f. The homily is "ascribed in MSS to S. Ephraim and edited as his by Lamy (vol. II, col. 393 426), but ... in my opinion is more likely to be the work of Isaac of Antioch {circ, 450 A. D.)"

4

Cf.

von Dobschutz,

ERE

III 414.

5 "Die Konigin von Saba in den byz. Chroniken," cf.

Nestle,

BZ

XIII (1904) 492 f.

BZ

XI (1902)

l2off.;


;

Relation to mediaeval thought.

76

As

Solomon there was

to

among

of opinion

beginning some difference Early anti-Jewish polemics,

in the

Christian writers.

Dialogue of Tijnotky and Aquila, for example Solomon used to offset the claims of Jesus. Not only did the

like

*,

many a made the

Jewish opponents apply

find their

Messianic passage to the wise

claim that he had anticipated and excelled Jesus in his power over demons, thus undermining the Christian argument that Jesus was the Messiah because he had broken the power of Satan, and weakening the Christian appeal to a world that was languishing under the oppressive fear of demonic activities. To offset this Jewish claim these

son of David, but they

Christian writers bitterly attacked the

memory

of the wise king,

maintaining that his was only a temporary victory over the

demons, who overcame him at the end of

his

life.

Leontius of

some length that Christ's greatness is Ms power over demons while iie was here on earth.

Constantinople argues at manifest in

In the midst of his description of the cure of the Gadarene de-

moniac he abruptly turns the request of the "Legion" to enter the swine to account in this fashion: Hivi sIjcsv Xsyacop rmv El ex/9G2^e

6atfj,6v(X)v'

^/M«ej

ejclOTQEXpov ri^lv slg xriv

xa>v %oIq€ov siOsXd-slv; SoXofiSprc, rj

T^

svMcog

(imv ovx edsOJioxevOs CvvsxXstOEv;

ov](l /iSXQt

0XEV7]

xmv

dccifiovcov; ov)(l

Tl ovv; 6 Uolo-

Jtavxaq v<p

sv (bq %va

x^g a^fisgov xovxov dsdoiTcaOcv; 'AD^ m

%v6aZoL fiayyavodaifioveg, AsCJioxriq

X^^Q^ ^aCxaC^ovxt]

ot g)t2.o6alfiovsg 'lovdaZor

xSv

aysZrjv

IsQoOoXvfia xxioavrt^

XqlOxw, xw xa OvfiJtavxa sp ty

AsCjtox'^

'AX?! BQovOtv

rw ra

fzaxrjv

ravxa jcgo^alXeod-B'

fiovog yccQ

XQtOTog xQaxaicog xov icxvQov sdrjOs, xal xa

avxov

dtriQjtaOE.

^oXoficov ydg, ov ^ovov ovx

datiiovcov ^aoiXixcog, dX2.a xal vjt

avxmv

sdiajiocis

ideOJcoxEvd-r] JtQog

xa xeXi] xaxag)d'aQslg. dyaJci^Oag yag xov x^g JtoXvyafilag BQcoxa, x^ xov dia^oXov iiaaxQOJtoxrjxt dsXeaa&slg, .... £QQv:n:a)as xov Umg ovv 6acfi6vcov 6£0jr6xtjg, x^g d^Eoyvcodiag d-aXa^ov

xmv

datiiovcov dovlog]"^ 1 Cf. infra

p.

1031'.

2 From the homily In mediant Pentecostem^ Migne, cording

to

bacher,

BLg

Loofs, p.

Das Leben

usw. des Leant,

S4f,, this Leontius

v.

Byz.^

PG

86, col.

19S0; Ac-

summarized by Krum-

was a Constantinopolitan presbyter who

lived


Relation to mediaeval thought.

Similarly to the

the Disputatio

in

Herban the Jew

claim of

demons the archbishop

h

TOtg dyyBiotg xal

xavrd

fj

Solomon had ruled

JtQog xaiQOV ^ev rjOtpallGato rovrovg

aXXa

xaxixmdBv-

C^Qayl<jag

^rT9]d'slg Jtsgl

ys to rrjVt-

avrwp

rcov

avtov sxivdvvsvcsv,

CcoxriQiav

cog

(laQxvQu^,

yQag)7j

The

Test shows no suspicion of a conflict of claims

original

between Solomon and Christ, but in

c.

XV

10—12 Rec. B (MS

P)

As

attempts to combine the Jewish and Christian viewpoints. to

the

all

^oXoyimv erajrslvmas daifiovag,

ore vrjrcog xaTajcoZsfirjd-eig vjt

fiot 'Oxojtst,

6aiiz6v(ov xal

of Pseud o-Gregentius, in reply that

replies:

ovx oldaq ri dcayoQsveig,

77

him the demons through the seduction of women,

the glorious king's sad end, these early fathers think of

a prey to

as falling

But the majority of Christian

or vice versa.

phus 2

ascribe

his

fall

into

idolatry

to

his

writers,

love

like Jose-

for

women

The Test in one view^ but in the closing chapter apparently the latter. Here again our text shows its early date. The conception of Solomon as a great magician who was powerful over demons and disease is witnessed to by scores of amulets and incantations, and especially by such books as the without the interposition of demonic agency

3.

place takes the former

Clavicula

Many

^.

about 485^—542.

of the

demons of the Test

Cf. Gelzer, Leant, v. Byz.,

etc.,

and

lived on.

Hist. Ztschr.

Asmo-

LXI

(1899)

1—32, Fabricius, Bib. Grace, VIII sigff. 1 Migne, FG 86, col. 644 A. Gregentius was bishop of the Homerite church in Taphar in southern Arabia in the early part of the sixth cent. The Disputatio

Wace,

not authentic, but

is

DCS, Krumbacher, BLg

ayyela makes cf.

XV 9,

2 Ant

A

contain historical materials.

Cf.

Smith and

Bardenhewer, Patrol. 477. The mention of connection between the Arabic type of tradition and the Test\

XVIII

where Recs.

may

43,

and

Vm 7

XXV B

7,

59,

-where the

word

is

found only in MS P, and XVX 7, it, though A reads wvXaz^iv.

both should probably have

s; cf.

I

Kg XI

43.

3 Georgius Syncellus, P 181, V 145, B 341; Georgius Hamart, Chron. 1143 (Migne PG no, 252—64); Glycas, Ann., Migne PG 158 353f.; Joseph. Hypomn, 74, (Migne PG 106 89 D). 4 C. VIII 8, 10. 5 Solomonic amulets can be found in many museums as well as in a number of mediaeval MSS. They occur in Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew, and in Latin, Greek, and modem European languages; c. g., Sachau, Verz. Syr. HSS. Berlin I 367, No. ion, f. 54b: Sol. on horseback attacking Asmodaeus-

large


Christian relations.

78

many

daeus goes through

Abyzu

the

of Pradel's

Migne were

right in

und

Obyzut appears

in

the

Gaulmin and together.

great Byzantine's ^bqI evsQyelag dat^ovcov dtaXoyoq

The

but the

is

master mind to systematizise the ideas which the

of a

effort

in

Gebete,

suditalienische

same documents 2. bringing the Test and Psellus

appears

while Ornias

transformations ^

Griechische

Withal, this whole complex of Byzantine demonoiogy and magic makes the impression of being a more Test merely registers.

highly developed form of the conceptions with which our text is

The

operating.

roots of the tree run back to the Sumerians,

the Babylonians, the Iranians, and the Pelasgians, the Test stands for the blossom, Psellus gives us the ripened fruit dissected

and

analyzed.

Relation to Arabian folklore.

Arabic literature, since and Solomonic myth, invites particular comparison with the Test In general Arabian beliefs and practices in the field of demonoiogy and magic are not essentially different from those of our text except in one feature which Islam inherited from heathenism, the idea of the Jinn, 9.

it

is

demon

especially rich in

Schwab, Diet. 421, ^^^^PATI'S au Cabinet des Medailles

me

et

&EOY;

un ennemi

a cheval, per^ant de sa lance

Prof. Nestle wrote

lore

Antiques de

un Salomon

sur une hematite figurant terrasse, avec la

la

legende

20A£iMSiNj

Bibliotheque Nat. II 3039". The

of a Sol. on horseback as an amulet against

published by Bienkowski in Eranos Vindobonensis^ 1893, 288. Amulets in are well illustrated by those in cod. Bonon. unin). 3632, cf. supra p. 24.

Heim "Incantamenta

— 576,

magica," in Jbb, fur

=

class, Philol.

Sup,

XIX

(

1

late

malocc/iio,

MSS Of.

893) pp.463

Nos. 56 169, 61, 62, 236, 237, and Sorlin Dorigny, "Sal. als Reiter," Etudes Grecs IV (1891) 217 296. The pilgrim of Bordeaux in the

in Rev. des

was shown the "crypta ubi S. daemones torquebat," Schiirer GJV III 418, from Tobler, PalaesL descript. (1869) 3, Pal. Pil. Text Soc, Bordeaux Dr. Conybeare drew my attention to Gannurini's ed. of St. Silvia's Filg. 20. Perigrinaiio (IV cent.), according to which the ring was kept in the Church of The tradition was that Vespasian took it to St. James (p. 96 and 95 n. 2).

IV

cent,

Rome, whence Constantine returned locis

the

Sanctis,

Holy 1

Places, 64

and

njon Sal.

n. 3),

cf.

Petri diaconi liber de |

The Pilgrimage of

S.

,

i,

to

S aturn cf Fr. Vogt, Die deutschen M. Kemble, The Anglo-Saxon Dialogue of

Kitovras,

u.

Markolf

s.

v.

I; J.

;

,

and Saturn. 2 Cf. Index

SiHia

125.

Morolf

,

{ibid. 96 Text Soc,

it

see Pal. Pil.

117;

As Markolf

Dichtungen Sol.

ibid.

,

''Damonen," and Reitzenstein, Poivi. 297 ff.


^

Relation to Arabian folklore.

79

which are often kindly and beneficent creatures

*.

In our writer's

mind there is properly no place for any good among demons, although he is once or twice betrayed by his pagan materials The wild exuberance of into referring to their healing powers'.

Arab fancy as we see

Thousand and One Nights

in the

it

is

mark of differentiation. The Quran and even more the Arabian Nights have made

another

the world

all

and with the

familiar

with Solomon-'s authority over the Jinn

forms and powers.

latter's terrible

Quran

In the

are allusions to the fallen angels, Harut andMarut^; and to the devils who were subject to Solomon, some as builders, and others bound in fetters 3. In the Nights we find full accounts of how Solomon placed rebellious Jinn in bottles, or in cucurbites of copper, poured lead over them, and sealed them with his ring^, with tales of their later escape from these prisons According to the Quran the Jinn are not allowed to listen

God has placed

the stars there as

throw at them

if

gates of heaven, but

at the

weapons

for

the

angels

to

In the Nights the Jinniyah

attempt.

firmament, thinking to listen angels,"

by

they mak-e the

Maymunah "made

for the

stealth to the converse of the

and when she ascended "skywards

till

she drew near

the heaven of the world, the lowest of the heavens," she found

an

Ifrit

angelic

there before her

host

In another story "Allah suffered his

6.

shoot down the

to

with a shooting star I

Ifrit

1 Cf. Wellhausen's account of primitive Arabic beliefs, Reste 148

— 67,

Canaan, Aberglaube 6—27, for modern demonology; also Encycl, of Islam^ art. "Djinn," by D. B. Macdonald.

SBE VI

2 Sura Il97£F., substantially

as

(Quran

I)

in Midrash Valkut

told

and Weil,

Sources of Islam^ 30f.,

14; c.

Sale

44,

ad

loc.

quotes

and

1045

I

f.,

legend

the

and Muir, Zohra resembles Shunamite

see St. Clair-Tisdall

Bibl. Leg, 2o8ff.

in her activities. 35fF., SBE IX (II) 179, cf. Sale, ad loc.\ XXVII 7, SBE 4 Lane-Poole III iiof., Burton VI 84, Nights 566f. 5 Burton VI 85. The most famous is that of the "Fisherman and the

3-Sura XXXVIII

IX

(II)

loi.

Jinn," Burton I 38;

cf.

MacDonald's transcription from Galland's

Stud. Tk. Noldeke gewidmet, also separately published.

7 Burton, I 224,

VI Burton VI

Night 22;

i68; III 31, ibid,

(I)

ibid.

100,

305;

cf.

50 and n. 2;

Quran, Sura

LXVII

5,

6 Burton

MS III

in Or.

223 f.

XXXVII 6—9, SBE IX IX (II) 293; LXXII

ibid,

Night 571, VIII 293, Night 870.

(II)

8f.,


Relation to Arabian folklore.

8o

The

and unlikeness of the conceptions

likeness

the Test are

in

apparent.

Salzberger

not reach the

s

dissertation

on the Salomosage^ although

it

does

of the king, presents a rich collection of

fall

le-

gends, particularly with regard to his relations to the demons.

He

them under

gathers

demons,

four rubrics,

the punishment of the

appearance before Solomon, the description of certain individuals, especially Sahr, and Solomon's ring^ Two their

of the appearance

descriptions

of the devils as they are mar-

shalled

before the king are given from three Berlin'

Kisa'i.

The

portrayal

MSS

of

of demonic forms as given "nach dem

korrecteren und vollstandigeren Text der dritten Berliner Hand-

would seem most strikingly like that in the Testy were it not that the other two MSS give in a longer and shorter form descriptions which are still more similar ^. Solomon inquires from the demons, just as in the Testy what their activischrift des Kisa'i"

^

and, having learned, chains them so they may injure mankind no more. The ring, as in the Test, is brought down from heaven, and by its aid Solomon becomes master of the demons.

ties are,

Yet, with

all

these close resemblances, there are also great

between the Test and the Arabic legends. All the Jewish stories of Solomon's glory and wisdom, his wonderful ring, the building of the Temple by the aid of the demons, and his differences

dealings with the queen of

Sheba have grown marvellously under

the fructifying fancy of the Arabs.' Beside the marvels of the

Quran and

its

commentaries, and especially the Arabian Nights

and tame^. Most of the features in which we legend found Jewish to have evolved beyond the Test are to be

the Test

is

found in

still

dull

more highly developed form among

example, Solomon's power oyer the animals

1 (i) op.

2

cit.

98f.,

Mg.

Ibid. 99,

40,

irsff.; f.

(2)

99â&#x20AC;&#x201D;112;

(3)

is

the Arabs;

112-115;-

(4)

115â&#x20AC;&#x201D;29-

72 b.

3 Ibid. 105 ff.; Pm. 627, f. i6oaf. gives the longer form, resembles the Test; Spr. 86, f. 226 a fF. the shorter.

4

Cf., for

example, Lane-Poole, III 51

f.,

which most

uof., 239, 317, 329, 454.

5 In the Quran he knows the language of the birds; Sura XXVII

SBE IX

(II)

100.

for

greatly extended*;

16,


1

Relation to Arabian folklore.

Sahr

Asmodaeus, but worse;

the Talmudic

is

Adam

whose refusal to worship Beelzebul in the

in

the Jewish legends; the king's

Quran

the

The in

leads to his fall^

subject to Solomon,

Test,

fall

has quite a different aspect

ring also, as Salzberger shows, develops a

evolving along

Asmodaeus'

the

it

3.

Moslem

it

new character

has in the

Test,

suggested by the Talmudic story of

lines

theft of

Kisa'i

is

the

first

glorious that no one can look at

so

is

not, like

is

but carries a step

2

Arabic legend different from that which

It

the devil,

Iblis,

independence and insolence which Asmodaeus shows

farther that in

8

to describe it

it

fully*

without repeating

and has four considerable legends engraved brought by Gabriel, or of itself comes throne of God and appears upon Solomon's hand. from the the

upon

it

creed,

It

^.

either

is

Solomon's

according to Kisa'i was due to conscious or

fall

unconscious idolworship, which,

if I

understand Salzberger, was

connected with the sacrifice of locusts ^

This tradition, then,

connects the Test on the one hand with Ethiopia, and on the Since Ethiopia was closely connected with

other with Arabia.

Arabia

Christian

in

Palestinian Jewish

bylon,

nor,

literature,

so

we have probably to think of a which never found its way to Baknow, into official Palestinian Jewish

history,

tradition

far

as

I

way of the Jewish colonies in southern Mohammedan legend, and directly Judaism into our Christian work, for we cannot

but passed by

Arabia into Ethiopian and from Palestinan

suppose that the Test arose in Arabia. the links that

This being

would connect our text with Egypt

is

one of

so,

broken.

These examples are

sufficient to illustrate both the likeness and the unlikeness of the Test to Arabic literature. They show how Arabic legend, where it resembles ourworkj has developed its

1 Sura II 33 75fF., ibid,

VI

(I)

f.;

5,

VII

igff.;

i38f., 246f.,

2 Sura XXXVIII 33 f., 3 Salomosage 115— 9.

XV IX IX

3off.; (II)

8,

XVII 63 f.; XVIII 20,

47ff.;

178 and n. 2. from Mq. 40 f. 70b 72b, 6 In the Nights an oath by the names on Solomon's ring powerful, Burton III 224f., Night 177; cf. VII 317 n. 6 O.p. cit, 96; refers to Pm. 627, f. 151b 155a. UNT. 9: M-cCown. 6 ibid,

4

X^XVUt

181.

(II)

Ibid.^

is

peculiarly-


Unique matter

82

in Recensions

A

ideas farther and in a different manner, ticulars

upon the

rests

it

sort

and B.

and how

many

in

par-

of Jewish tradition seen in the

Talmud. 10.

Unique matter

in

Recension A.

Having studied

the

we now undertake recensions. As Rec. A is

material relationships of the Test as a whole

the

same task

the individual

for

nearest the original, Its

it

has

little

matter that

expansions are of a purely narrative

calls for

comment

MS L

alone has

sort^.

undergone a considerable revision by a mediaeval magician, who added nothing new, but merely mutilated the document. The -single addition of

importance

in this recension is the inscription

on the ring 2. Unique matter in Recension B. — The peculiarities of Rec. B, and particularly of MS P, the only complete MS of this recension, consist in the main of unimportant interpolations and alterations. There are, however, a few additions of moment. These may be classed under four heads: (i) those which show 11.

familiarity with demonological ti'adition;

e.

jtvevfia fivQicopvfXov xal

jr oXvfioQg)Ov^,

the reference to

g.,

of the giants 3, to the female

the ghosts

and

demon Obyzuth

as

to Enepsigos, another

female demon, as fivQKDPVfiog^t the allusion to a cycle of legend regarding 'EX^ovQimv and ol ijtra dalfiovsq^, the added charms in

XVIII

(2)

those which are Gnostic in character;

further

27 f,

23,

information regarding Abezethibu *;

tendency;

cabalistic

a

Raphael, of 1 Cf.

4 'Epf. f,

c.

Xf^^'

X If.

C. XIII 3;

7toXvd)VVfiB

432,

cf.

for

Par

g.,

MP

xf^'

those which have

for

2 Cf. infra VII

Exdxfj ^VQL(j)VV^B Par

Reitzenstein,

(3)

the introduction of

Emmanuel, and of

XXVI 8—10.

and cf.

e.

the allusions to

e. g.,

the eleven fathers and the eleventh aeon 8;

14.

Apharoph

Raphael 3

C.

^,

for

and

XVII

I.

MP

2745, Orph. Hymn. /ajj/ot, names are given in cod. Par. 2316,

2815; her many Poim. 299 (one is ^^i^a), Pradel, Gr. Geb. 23 (275) ATTN 260 (No. 42), 262, Gaster in Folklore XI 133,

Montgomery, Avezuha; TCoXvtbvvfxs is frequent. For noXvfxoQtpoq cf. Par MP 2726, 2799, of Hekate and Selene; cod. Par. 2^16 f. 318V (Reitzenstein, Poim. 2(^i) JlxQayyaha 6 C. IX 7. 5 C. XV 2. noXvfxoQ<pe. See also ad7 C. XXV I 5, possibly omitted by accident from Rec. A. (k/9v?oi;),

ditions in

9

VI

4.

C. XIII 6,

8 C. XVIII 18, 31. II. See other additions in XVIII

XV

3, 23,

XXII

8,

XXIII

4.


Unique matter

show

those which

(4)

in Recension C.

83

Additions are

familiarity with Christianity.

found in every section that refers to Christ;

VI

viz.,

XI, XII

S,

3,

The additions in the first three passages XVII 4, The remaining two, however, seem to be important. are not due to an attempt to make the Christianity of the Test less "equivocal," since in XVII 4 the "becoming man" of the Savior and in XXII 20 the one to be born of a virgin is mentioned, and XXII

and crucified

XV

in

where Rec.

lof,

A

advanced,

accident, the positive Christian ideas

wanting by

is

that

viz.,

God who is to be stretched on the tree, that know man, and that he is especially fit

son of

dominion over

B

the

This conclusion

redacteur.

At any

generalization. for

only

much

special

claim these

definitely

B

not

is

better instructed in the faith, but also later.

Unique matter investigation

Recension

in

much

of

As we have already it

is

seen,

its

C.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Rec.

C

deserves a

greater proportions than can

given here, in order to determine

which

at systematic thought or

we cannot

rate

the original writer, and must conclude that

ideas

12.,

supported by the fact that

is

makes no 'attempt

Test elsewhere

the

devil

occurs in the Test) are probably the work of

rarely

{did^okog

mother

to receive

demons because he overcame the

the

all

the

it is

his

never to

is

in

These additions lead

called 6 iiovaQ%riq d^eog.

is

belief that

the

to

20.

language

found as well as

its

be

sources and rdationships.

its

is late,

and the codices

unique material relate

it

to

the C/avicu/a^.

Many problems

must leave

I

What

called EltzianphieP?

is

to others.

Why

is

Beelzebul

the meaning of Onoskelu's birth

Whence comes the One of the most which we have called

djtb (pcoviqq ^rjQaa^eh iJtJâ&#x201A;Źix7]g xQVf^^'^^^V^^^

of the bird that

idea

interesting

and

baffling

In

the "Prologue".

1 Cf. supra 11

3 to'

Ibid.

XI

6.

flies

4,

IV

spite

2 c.

over God's head?

sections

is

that

grammar the

of defective 2 Rec. C XI

Dr. James writes, "I

am

i

;

cf.

TQiavipisX,

X

editor has

i.

clear that XQriixaxixflq has

do with ;f^e^fr/5f tv, neighing of horse^ and

I

compare

Jer.

V

8,

something

"nnoi

S-i^Xv-

^xaazog inl yvvaXxa xov nkrjalov ixQSf^6tit,ov, When David sinned with Bathsheba, ^jjpaapsit he was a ^Innog d-rjXv/xavi^q. See Tesi ixavslq

V

iyev^&rjoav,

8, d-TjXvfxavslcc.

6*


Unique matter in Recension

84

been able to

from some source certain high sounding

select

prayers, which;

C.

I think,

have no

parallels in the

LXX,

the

New

Testament, or the early fathers. Possibly he borrowed from some, to him well known, liturgy. The magical cup and table in c. XI 7ff. are related to the

"marvelous cup of crystal middlemost of which was the of a lion faced

drawn

by

a kneeling

man

grasping a

bow

figure

with arrow

to the very head,

together with the food-tray of Sulayman, the son of David" in the story of "Sinbad the Seaman and Sinbad the Landsman" from the Arabian Nights^. The added magical formulae connect this recension more closely

than the others to the magical literature of the Middle Ages on the one hand, and to the magical papyri on the othero The

word Agla

(XIII 6), which by noiarikon stands for "thou art mighty forever, O Lord," indicates dependence upon Jewish cabalism, and probably a relatively late date, for the word is

not in the magic papyri, so far as

can discover, but

I

is

a

Middle Ages The magical recipe of c. IX gf. and the list of fifty demons in c. X have many marks which show that they are later than the original Test and have arisen in a different circle. The list 2

favorite in the

is it

not concerned solely or primarily with the cure of diseases; relates the powers,

implies

knows

that

demon's

the

some good, some

these powers

number of

are

evil,

of each demon, and

under the control of him who

Furthermore, each demon

seal.

rules

a

These ideas are to be found, on the one hand, in Gnosticism, which details the number of spirits ruled by each aqimv^^ and, on the other, in mediaeval certain

inferiors.

1 Seventh Voyage in the Calcutta edition, Burton VI 80. 2 The word is an acrostic from the first four words of the second of the Shemoneh 'i^sreh: ^^i^i* a^S^b ^13i nnut. Since this liturgy and

blessing also the

practice of noiarikon are early, one can argue as to date only on general probabilities; cf.

JE

I 235,

1X270â&#x20AC;&#x201D;82; Schwab, Did.

s.

Horst, Zauberbib.y I 127, II 90, 103, 121, i23fF., etc.; Harl.

MS

5596

(cf.

supra II 4)

f.

3021

in

ayXa' dyXaatd' ayXat' ayXad)^;

Clavicula.

3 Cf.

p. 85, n. 2.

in

Hbi2<. Jt occurs often in

Mather's Key^ p. 7;

an incantation

6Qxlt,m vfiag, dalfzovsg, sIq za dvofxaxa tov

iaztv

v.

also

to

secure

in

treasure:

&60v rd xsTQayQCL^fiaxov ZmQ f.

3ob2j 32^2;

often in

Latin


Unique matter

in Manuscript D.

85

magic 1. The resemblance between c. X and the language o( Pistis Sophia regarding the five aQXovrsq and the ip^q)oc and 0<pQayi6sq of the thirteenth al6v'^,

and

lists

ofjeu^

of names

is

most

in

and the various xaQaTcrrjQsq, CtpQayldeq, 5—40 and 45— 52 in the First Book Furthermore, there are close resemblances

chapters

striking.

between the magical figures of the Coptic papyri, the Clavicula, both Latin and Greek, and the unique sections of this recension.

cannot attempt to trace the connecting links between these widely separated branches of magic, which, no doubt, go

We

back to a

common

in Hellenistic

source

The

syncretism.

facts

presented are an interesting illustration of the wide wanderings

and the tenacity with which they maintain

of superstitions,

forms in their migrations. 13.

Unique

matter

in

MS

D.

On

internal

their

grounds

A

and B we have decided that and by MS D c. I—VI and VIII present in general the form of the original story of Solomon out of which the Test was developed *. From what sources did this legend come ? As comparison with Recs,

it

now

stands,

it is

quite plainly a Christian redaction of Jewish

midrashim regarding Solomon, ultimately Jewish

perhaps Galilean,

Palestinian,

That the legend of

origin, rather than Babylonian ^

in

c. I

is

suggested by Nathan's stopping to bury a

is

borrowed from Magianism^, Traces be found in c. VIII The story of Solomon's flying through the air appears in Jewish mythology, where he is said to have ridden on an eagle 8^ but in Mohamdead countryman, a of later influences

medan

trait

are

to

according to the Quran on a wind^^ and

legend,

in

the

1 Cf. Trinity Col. (Cambridge) MS 1404 in French; Harl. (Br. Mus.) 6483, which contains "all the names, orders, and offices of all the spirits Sol. ever (f. i). 2 Cc. isSff., Schmidt, K-Gn. Schr. 235 ff. 4 Cf. supra IV 2. 5 Cf. supra VII'daT), p. 64 f, 260—97, 308—29. Cf. Tob I 19, II 3ff. Dr. James points out to me that the story is found Ps.-Epiphanius, Vitae Prophetaruniy see ed. Schermann (Teubner 1907), pp. 4,

conversed with"

3 6

in

54, 89, it

Ibid.

Migne,

PG

would then be

43, col. 425,

are practically silent as to

8 Griinbaum, Suras

and thinks

this is its

indirectly Jewish, I suppose. Calish,

Nathan.

7

Cf. stipra

IV

probable source.

yElX

For

2.

ZDMG XXXI 23.

XXXI

81,

XXXIV

11,

XXXVII

35,

S£E IX

D

176, says the rabbis

(II)

52,

151, 179.


86

The

inscription

on the

ring.

Arabian Nights on a magic carpets If the story originally referred to Asmodaeus' usurpation of the throne, then we have also Jewish sources. This chapter, then, would seem to be an addition from a Jewish-Mohammedan type of tradition. All the remainder of this version we have already traced to Jewish sources 2

From

considerations

D

concluded that

in

its

of textual and

literary

present form was

late,

but that

its

From

its

archetype {d) was the starting point for the Test^-

we concluded

language and style

that

based upon a study of

conclusions

it

its

we

criticism

was Byzantine*.

Our

subject matter accord

with this and take us one step further: an originally Jewish document or cycle of legends has been thoroughly worked over

by an educated

Christian in early Byzantine times.

are no Christian elements in those parts of

over into the is

and the quality of the Christianity

Test,

much poorer than

nothing Christian 14.

Since there

d which were

in

Solomon's

in

D,

it

is

in

natural to conclude that

taken

Rec.

A

d had

when it was transformed into the Test. The origin of the seals supposedly of Solomon is of subordinate importance,

it

seal.

engraved on the ring

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

any case secondary additions in our MSS. The simplest form is that found in Rec. B, which attempts no reproduction, but merely says the inscription was a pentagram. since

they are

Since this

in

the western type of the tradition,

is

it

cannot have

been originals Rec.

A

presents

most part of

an interesting formula consisting for the

unintelligible

nations of vowels so

words and containing those combi-

common

in Hellenistic magic.

MS L alone

reproduces the seal with the legend in the form of a

circle, the

formula appearing around the circumference, while the interior contains magic signs. In the manuscript in which L is found, Harl. 5596,

the Clavicula contains a seal of different shape on

3 Supra IV i, 2, 3. 4 Supra V i. Neue Beitrage z. sem, Sagmkunde 251. The text of the inscriptions as given in our MSS wiU be found below, p. 100 Canaan, Aderglaube, p. iÂŁ2f., et passim, gives the seal of Solomon as usually 1 Burton 5 Cf.

2 Supi'a VII

III 267.

JE XI

438

ff.,

6.

448, Griinbaum,

f.

the sixpointed star

among modem Arabs, but

also the five.

'


Origin and sources.

8/

which the same legend was to be written. In Bologna University MS No. 3632 (V of the Test) there is found among many such "pentacles" a circle inscribed rov aoXofiSprog fteyaXov,

same legend. No doubt the editor of Rec. A got his seal from some such collection. The wording of the inscription would seem to link it to the older amulets and magic papyri, but in any case it is younger than the Test, which

within

is

which shows

and magic

lines

first

a rectangle

the remaining

sings,

round and also containing various mystical symbols.

eleven the

twelve large seals are found, the transverse

various

with

trace of such influence.

little

C

In Rec.

written the

and the ninth are

fifth

In

figures that look like the signs for

Virgo and Scorpio, in the seventh for Aquarius, in the eighth for the third,

Pisces;

same -the .

fourth,

of the Christian

fications

Test

is,

>g.

MS

among others modiThe fact that the^e

which does not contain We must con-

indicative of their origin.

think,

I

contain

fifth

found in a Vienna

are

seals

and

monogram

elude that the original Test contained no description or repro-

duction of the

seal.

Summary and

15.

conclusions,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

If

our previous conclusions

are correct, the original Jewish stem of the present TVj;' consisted

of the

XXIV,

MS

narrative e,,

i.

D.

sections

Upon

this

XXVI

8),

basis

for

therefore, are

XV

II,

XX, XXII, XXIII, and

common

to the

parent stem have been grafted

work

as a

Test,

fully,

which give

other considerable sections

prophecies whose later fulfilment the

I,

which describe the demons more

references to the i3f.,

parts of chapters

of those parts which are

is

it

(2)

the

Test

(i)

and

certain

two brief

name (XV

containing demonic

represented as constituting

Solomon's faith in their testimony, and which, intended to validate the work to the public (XII 4,

XX

12 ff, 21) 1, and (4) additions made merely for the story's sake or intended to link the parts of the story together (VI 3,, 5f,

XIX, XXI, XXII

7f.,

17).

In this division of the Introductio7i

mainly to the origin of the

first

1 Note also the late (P) addition

we have

given attention

of these four classes of additions,

XV 8â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 11.


88

Origin and sources.

which

includes the demonological, astrological, and magical elements in the work^, additions marked by the questions r/g ÂŁ/ Cv;

Tig xaXslcat]

yeTCai]

It is

was

Test

nolcp ^cpdlcp xsicat]

As we have

written.

Jtoiq)

ayyiXcp xaraQ-

answering these questions that

for the sake of

the.

the material for the an-

seen,

swers has been drawn through Judaism from Babylonia in Ephippas (XXII) and possibly in the lilith-like Obyzuth (XIII) and from Persia

Asmodaeus

in

decani although

from Hellenistic Egypt

section has been

the

.

(V);

much

altered

come the by Jewish

or Christian revisers (XVIII); from Hellenistic Greek mythology

come Onoskelis Enepsigos

(=

Lix Tetrax

(IV),

=

?

(=

(IX),

Poseidon, XVI), and

Rhabdos (X, ? Cerberus) and Pterodrakon Typhon)2^ from Hellenistic mysticism the recipe for

possibly the dog,

(XIV ==

Akephalos Daemon

(VII),

Hekate, XV), Kunopegos

cosmic revelation (VI

a

sources

lof.); from (perhaps Galilean) Jewish the seven xoOftoxgdroQEg^, the giant, Machthon*,

the

the

come demon of

Red

Sea, Abezethibou (XXV), and probably

the Shunamite(XXVI); from Christian, or Jewish-Christian sources

come Beelzebul

in part,

of Gadara

(XI),

and

dQaxovrcov,

xoQV<p7j

allusion to Christ

What ill-digested

sort of

(III,

VI 1â&#x20AC;&#x201D;9), Leontophoron, the demon the demon of epilepsy called

perhaps beside

the

charms which include

(XV lOf, XVII 4). a man could have

views

drawn from

held such inconsistent and these

all

diverse sources.

cannot have been a heathen for he knows Judaism and ty,

Old Testament and the

the

New

some

too well.

He

He

Christian-

cannot have

been a Jew because of the Christian elements. Dr. Conybeare suggests that we have here as in the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs^ "a Christian recension of a Jewish book"^. I

in

Although

cannot agree with Schiirer that there are no Jewish passages the book^,

1

MS D

Dr.

Conybeare's hypothesis

shows that some of

this

was

2 Azazel, the serpent tempter of Eve, Apoc. of Abraha7?i XXIII,

Bonwetsch

p. 33;

has cf.

human hands and Hughes, Ethics Jew.

has some Hellenistic and Christian additions.

C.

Vni;

Is

he a Titan rather than one of the Nephilim?

5

JQR

XI

i3f.

6 Th.

Liiztg.

to

in the original story, d.

3 4

it

does not seem

1899 no.

feet in the

Apoc.^ 211.


Origin.

meet the in

the

facts in the case.

Particularly

Test.

is

89

There is too much Christian material it to be noted that, in both places

(XV 14 XXVI

where the word testament occurs

in

the form

which we have

in

Christian section. in the entire

we believe than

is

work;

c.

XXVI

represent the original here,

to

MS H

with

its

is

of the

otherwise comes

chapter

last

is

us from a Christian source.

to

tian

New Testament

The absence too of smaller

origin.

even

in

passages

no quotation or direct allusion point to a Chris-

is

especially of Rec.

the narrative,

much resem-

Testament and the pseud epigrapha which the Christian church, and the language with

resemblances to that of the

where there

we have

based on a

New

of the

were accepted in its

lOf.

which markedly so

less

Moreover, the demonology of the work, which so bles that

XV

8 in Rec. B,

reference to the "Jews," and yet

discovered that the whole legend which

c.

the most characteristically

is

it

closely

is

it

8),

connected with passages which are Christian in tone;

the joints in the mending,

We

Test as such.

inconsistencies from

A, the impossibility of finding

point to unity of authorship for the

conclude, then, that while the original story

d

was probably Jewish, the demonological document which first called itself a Testament^ best represented in Rec. A, was a Christian work.

The man of

w^ho

any heterodox

He was above

composed our Test bears no distinctive marks yet he was no thorough-going Christian. a magician, and it is as such that he collected

circle,

all

potpourri of fragments

from almost every natioii had contributed to Mediterranean civilization. He must have been a Greek Christian, familiar, perhaps from childhood, this

bizarre

that

with the language of the Septuagint and also

with

many

New

legends of Jewish origin,

Testament, familiar

but entirely familiar

too with the demonology and magic of the heathen world, to which he belonged almost as truly as he did to Christianity. For him Christ is not yet master of the whole world; nevertheless, Christ's is

loss for

a

name

to conjure with, and,

a powerful angel name, the

exorcism. Christianity

He is

is

a

half-hearted

new

savior

Christian

in

when he comes

is

at a

into the

a world where

not yet the conquering religion. This

is

the

more


Solomon

•90

in Sapientia.

when one compares Recs. B and C, which introduce -elements which reveal the period when Christianity had con-

-evident

'guered,

and was absorbing

its

VIII.

THE TESTAMENT

IN

former foes and their

superstitions.

LITERATURE AND HISTORY,

I.

Solomonic books of healing and magic among the Jews.

a)

The

J

literary starting point for all the later legends regard-

wisdom

ing Solomon's

Benzinger points out;

be found

to

is

it is

Reg

in III

Here,

III.

as

the judicial" wisdom of the ruler that

the writers mind^.

In

is

in

is

"religiose Lebensweisheit"

c.

V9— 14,

on the other hand,

it

Furthermore, Benzinger believes

2

wisdom with

that in comparing Solomon's

that of the children

of the East and the wisdom of the Egyptians the writer intended^

imply that Solomon knew magic and astrology, for these ancients were famous for such knowledge, as the records of thej to

j

How

for example, testify.

Exodus,

earliest reference to

can hardly belong to the

in question

of Kings

redaction of the book

4.

The

may we

place

The

earlier sources of the

least that

must date before the Septuagint before

therefore,

Palestinian Judaism,

is

may

one can say

in

the

is

this^

verses

Books; final

that

it

More than two

translation.

Christ,

Solomon

of the passage

polator

back

Kautzsch seems to imply ^, but rather to the

as

centuries,

far

Solomon's magical knowledge?

leading

already a magician.

circles of

The

inter-

not have thought of him as the

author of magical books, but surely many readers would understand from the allusion to the wisdom of the ancients and Egypt that cpdai meant, not psalms, but carmina^ incantations, and that the

vjtkQ rcop ^vXcop

discourses

what amounted 1 K'dnige^

2

I

p.

to the

23

f.,

Kg V9-14

3 According

to

4 So Benzinger, Bible color nagel,

EinL

it

on

I

(Heb),

same

must include

356,

or

uses^

Kg V 9 — 14. IV 29— 34 (Eng).

markings adopted in Heil. Schr. des AT, loc.

cit.

Stade and Schv/ally in Haupt's polychrome Hebrew

as a "non-Deuteronomic addition of

AT

their medical,

thing, their magical

and

ZATW

1910 70,

unknown

origin."

Cf. Steuer-

whose suggestions require

a

very

late date.

5 Cf. Salzberger, Salomosage,

5ff.,

for an analysis of the biblical passage.


1

Solomon

in Josephus.

9

The next reference to Solomon's magical powers, in Wisdom VII 17 22, makes no allusion to writings; indeed the b)

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

context does not

call

for

it.

But

it

does plainly involve the

ascription to the supposed writer of knowledge of astrology, of the nature of beasts

"all

and

spirits, as

well as of men, of the svaQ-

the 6Laq)0Qal g)vrmv, and the dvmfieig

yeia Ctoix^lwv,

things that are either secret or manifest" 1.

Solomon, then,

a witness to

is

tlie

Qt^cot^,

of

The Wisdom

of

acceptance of the legend of

Solomon's astrological, demonological, and magical accomplishfirst century B. C, and, be noted, by a thoroughly educated and highly cultured

ments in Alexandrian Judaism in the let

it

Jew of the Dispersion.

A

c)

mons

still

further allusion to Solomon's authority over de-

found

is

de antiquitatibus

in Pseudo-Philo,

.

biblicisy

in Ci-

Dauid contra daemohium Saulis, which we have already quoted. The lines which concern us here should run, according to Dr. James, as follows: Arguet autem te metra nova unde natus sum de quo nascetur post tempus de lateribus meis tharismus regis

James says, "In this last sentence it seems though we had a prophecy of Messiah, and a

qui vos domabit. Dr. at

sight as

first

But a little consideration will show, demons' who is to spring from David is not Messiah, but Solomon the king of Genies, the wizard whose spells produced such marked effects in the time of

possible I

Christian

touch.

think, that the 'vanquisher of

Josephus, the hero, too, of the figures

Testament of Solomon^ where he

almost solely as the restrainer and chastiser of mischie-

vous spirits"^. d)

The next mention of Solomon's power

the decisive one,

as a magician

is

without which one might doubt the interpre-

adopted above. There can be no doubt as to Josephus' meaning on the whole when he relates the following: (44) cvvatations

[jibqX] wdwv xal (isXSv nivxB JtQoq XMoiq, xal otaga^oXoiV xal elxovmv ^i^Xovg TQioxMag'

xa^ato 6\ xal ^i^kia

1 Following the translations by Siegfried

Holmes 2

in Charles,

TSll^

APOT

in Kautzsch,

APAT

role;

xaO-^

I 490,

I 546.

(1893) Apoc. Anec. iSsff.; cf. supra

VII 6 b), and

p.

60

n. 2.

and


Solomon

92

in Joseplius.

sxaorov yag sl6og devSgov JtaQa^oXrjv eIjiev, a(p vfSCwjtov fo?^ xedgov, tov avxov 6a xQOJtov xal jcsqI xrtjvt^p xal tSp t emysicop ajtavTcov ^cowv xal xmv Vfjxrcov xal rcop aBQicov' ovdsfiiav yag rovrcov tpvaiv rffvor\<jzv ov6\ uiagril^BV ave^eraOtov, aXX'

ev jtaoatg e^tkoo6(p7]66 xal rr]v kjttoxri^rjv rcov hv avzaig Idiw-

(larmv axgav sjtsdel^aro, xal T7]v xaxa

xmv

TOiq avO'ga)Jtoig,

avrm

6*

(45) jtagsCje

(lad'Stv 6

d-eog-

daiiiovoiv rex^TjP slg cog)£Xetav xal d-EgaJtEiak sjtcpdaq re 6vvra^afi6Vog alg JtagfjyoQEiTat ra

voafjftara, rgojcovg s^ogxdOEcov xariXutEv^ olg avdovfiEva ra

fiovia

cog

vvv jiag

ejcavEXd-Elv kxdLwxovOt.

firjXET r]fitv

'EXsdC,agov

(46) xal avrrj

d^Egajtsla jcXslorov iaxvEt'

fj

rcov

ofiocpvXoiV,

IcxogrjCa yag xiva

OvsajraOcapov xagovxog xal xmv

vii^v

avxov xal yiXiagxmv xal aXXov Oxgaxtwxixov

xovg

vJto

xwv

daifiovimv

XafifiavofiEVovg

ds xTJg d-agajtELag xgojtog xoiovrog

rjv,

gl^av eg cbv vjieSel^e 2JoXo/1(6p, liVxxTjgmv

x<5p

(47) jtgoCq}£ga)V xalq vjto

x^

dpgaylSi.

s^eiXxev oOcpgofiivo)

dtai

xo daifiovtovj xal xicovxog sv&vg xdvd'g(63iov

avxov

ixrjxix' alg

ejcelx

jcX'^d-ov^^

djtoXvovxa xovxcov.

xov datfiopi^ofiEPov xov daxxvXcov, s^ovxa

giol

6ai-;

ftE^Qi

hjtavriB,aLv

Sgxov, UoXo[i<Dv6g xs

fi£fivrj[iavog

xal xag EJtq>6ag, ag Cvpe&tjxev Exatvog, EJttXaycov .... (49) yivofiavov 6h xovxov ca(p^g r] ^oXofiSvog xad^icxaxo ovvaCig xai 0og)la

^ .

.

.

We

have quoted the passage at length, because we believe having it before the eye and remembering the previous

that,

Jewish allusions to Solomonic incantations, one cannot but accept

Albrecht Dieterich's conclusion that Josephus means to imply

books were

that

in

circulation

under Solomon's name which

gave the magical, or medicinal, virtues of plants

after the plan

by Pamphilus and called sixovsg xaxa the ijtcpdal had long ago been written

of the works later written

axoi%Etov\

And

surely

down. e)

The Mishna says

1 Ant VIII

that Hezekiah hid the "book of recipes"^

=

VIII 2 5. 44^49 l^Naber) Abraxas 142 f., Leid. Pap. 780 ff, 3 In the Gemara, Berakoth loa (Goldziher I 35), Pcsachim 56a [ibid.ll^z^'. mXISI ^BO tia. n.^lB^l means Heihing,\ri.\h^^\\ytzS. Arzeneien, IJeilmiitel,\.tyy Fleischer, s. v.; cf. Jer XXX 13. See also A. Wiinsch, ZDMG LXVI (1912)414*2


Solomon

in later Judaism.

93

Maimonides and Rashi meant a book which

which, according to

Solomon had written; Maimonides holding that it was a book of magic \ Rashi that the evil consisted in its leading men not 2. Otherwise rabbinic literature to pray to God for their healing evidently this sort of

does not refer to such Solomonic works;

was avoided

tradition

in official Jadaism.

After Talmudic times

f)

until

books

we

reach

know

of no reference to such

of the Middle Ages.

In fact

place of Solomon in Jewish literature and be-

the

Moses takes

I

the Jews

comes the representative wise man, as Solomon does for the Steinschneider gives citations from writers of the

Christians^.

and following centuries who look upon Solomon as the source of all wisdom, including medicine, magic, and astrology^. In particular, Sheintob ben Isaac of Tortosa (1260) in his paratwelfth

Tasrzf, called

phrase of Zahravi's

lni)3ffl(l

ISO (XI

der Weisheit Salomo's

Schilderung

"eine

Naturkunde), unter dessen

Namen

in

cent.)

^,

(namentlich

gives

in

der

Zahrawi ein Verband

(nittl)

Wand

seines

erwahnt werde, der auf weiBer Marmortafel an der

eingegraben war, wie verschiedene Rezepte ()mi5nDl5 mnpisn), die von den Spateren (Q'liinn^n) erlautert worden; Palastes

Scheintob hat

den Christen mehr davon erZahrawi fand"^. We have here possible the contract with the demons^, and certainly the magical recipes said to have been written on the temple gates ^ Steinschneider

lautert,

als

er

'hier

in

Mishna

1 Surenliusius,

Mishna liber

ex Tosaphta,

est

medicinae,

Lex,

tebat

in Marseille'

uti

II 149, de Pasckaii

quam exponam

IV

9.

Maimonides says; "Haec

propter utilitatem illius;

niJ^IB^ -i£jD de medicis quibus se sanare non permitejusmodi res quae proponebantur per figuras; erant enim

erat liber qui tractabat

sunt

nonnuUi quorum dicto homines faciebant suo tempore imagines quasdam, qui aliquibus damnnm (sic) vel utilitatem adferebant; haec

Astrblogiae periti ac figuras

autem figura in lingua Graeca vocabatur hisce,

eo

rs>>£afi€C

Prolixius esse volui in

quod mibi exposuerant, quod Shelomo composuisset librum medicinae

2 Griinbaum, ZDMG XXXI 200. 3 Kohler in y^" IV 518; cf. Gaster, Sxvord of Moses, 4 Heh\ Ubers. 936, ns. 225 and 226; 8495. 5 Ibid, 74off.

6 versa? 7

Ibid,

Zahravi

is

called Acararius, Azaravi, etc.

Scheintob borrowing from the Christian tradition, See below VIII 3 b) (2). 743.

Is

Cf. injra VIII

3d)

2)

(d).

8 Cf. infra VIII 3c)

2).

or vice


Solomonic books in Arab

94

tradition.

only partly right in trying to relieve his compatriots of

is

the

works to Solomon ^ The Christians, however, developed the tradition far more than did the Jews from whom they received it.

responsibility for the ascription of such

2.

Solomonic books among the Arabs.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A single reference

Quran and the comments thereon show that among the Jews of Mohammed's time magical books of Solomon were in the

known.

Sura

II

a prophet from

God

came

there

unto them

confirming that scripture which was with

whom

them, some of those to the

"And when

95 ff. reads:

book of ,God behind

the scriptures were given cast

knew

their backs as if they

it

not: and

they follow the device which the devils devised against the king^ dom of Solomon; and Solomon was not an unbeliever, but the devils

believed

they taught

not,

men

The

sorcery."

supports Sale's interpretation drawn from Yahya and that

the

devils'

of sorcery, hiding them

death pretending he had had

after his

in

attempt to blacken the character of Solomon b^

writing books

which he obtained 3.

Among

a)

The power

closely,

them the

recipes by

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Christians.

One

of Salomonic exorcisms. ^-

back

to Josephus

line

of Chri-

and follows him more

or

recounting merely the power of the exorcisms he

who

had composed.

Origen,

tionibus solent

daemones

illis,

under his throne, and in

power 2.

his

stian tradition goes

tionibus

Jallalo'ddin,

device against the kingdom of Solomon consisted

this

less

context

writes "a

adjurari.

Sed

Salomone

nee idoneis constitutis

aliquoties

scriptis adjura-

ipsi qui utuntur adjuralibris

utuntur:

quibusdam autem et de Hebraeo acceptis adjurant daemoda," may be merely paraphrasing Josephus, or he may have had personal knowledge of Solomonic works 3, The first I have discovered to quote Josephus expressly is Georgius Monachus 1 Op. cU. 936.

n

An

interesting reference

2 Cf. Sale ad he.

Palmer's

explain the passage, which

3 In Mattheum comm. of

to

Jewish magic, Burton, Nights

234.

Mt XXVI

63,

is

note,

SBE VI

(Qu

II)

14,

does not so well

concerned solely with books.

ser,

(tract.

33)

no, Migne

FG

13, 1757, in discussioa-


Medical wisdom from Solomon.

(c.

850) \

who

(c.

1150)3,

and Glycas

by Cedrenus

followed

is

gj (c.

100)

1

2,

Zonaras

(after 1150)'*.

Other Solomon the ultimate source of medical wisdom. Christian writers start from the Old Testament notices of Solob)

mon's wisdom, developing the tradition in various directions.

according to Theodoret (386/393

the first place,

most famous wise men

wiser than the

world looked asks,

whom

to

Ilwq vofjreov to "^EjtXrid'VVBV (cod.

xal vj€SQ Jtdvrag g)Qovi/iovg AlyvjtToVj"

Qu.

a, ajtlrjO-vv^ri)

He

In

he was

the Hellenistic

In his Quaestiones in III Reg.j

back.

SoXofimvrog vjthg rrjv cpQOvriCiv jtavxmv

XtjXov dsi^ai

—458),

rwv

fj

X

he

aog)la

vtcov aQXCtifov,

answers, 'Ex TtagaX^

avrov

t7]v ciog)lav o i(ftoQioyQdg)og r^O^eXridsv,

Tov-

rwv

otaXai yBysvri(ievcov Coq>mv doQiHrcog

sfivrj-

rov xaQiv xal

dxavrag 6 J^okoficav ccjtaxQVipEV, dzs dfj d^60&£v rrfg aog)tag to dmgov ds^dfievog ^, Procopius of Gaza, without acknowledging his debt, quotes Theodoret almost word for word 6. Georgius Monachus and after him Georgius CeTovxovg^

Od"r}

q)Tjalv,

"^

drenus

^

give a slightly different version of Theodoret, adding

also a part of

Theodoret's Quaest XVIII.

In the second place Theodoret represents the wise king as the source from

which the ancients derived their knowledge of IJcog voi]xiov to "'Ejidlrjas jieqI x6v §6.", Icov and answers, Eal rag tpvosig, xal xag dvvdfisig, xal rwv ^oxavmv, xal xmv 6ev6q(dv, xal ^evroi xal xcav dXlyymv

He

medicine. .

C^cptDv

.

asks,

.

3te<pvaLoXoy7jxivai

iaxQixag

^I^Xovg

ml rovde rov ^ov

olov

rj

2

Migne,

PG

156 Bf.

121

Afr

London

xoX%

Ckron. II 42

II

i

3 Ann, 118, Migne, 3rewer

hxsv^sv

egavlaaod-at

olfiai

xal xdg

xdfijtoXka

^tpov rods to fioQtov rlvog xdd^ovg dlB^KpaQfia-

X7]g valvr]g

Sex^. Jul.

aigrixsv'

6vyysYQaq)6xag

1 Or Hamartolos; ^^^ 352—8.

:5elzer,

avrov

1859, vql.

xo Xeovxecov CxEag,

rj

and

PG no

Migne

4,

196

CD;

cf.

249 C;

rj

to xav-

Krumbacher

cf.

Krumbacher,

BLg-

368f

357-84.

PG I,

134

App.

168 B, p.

cf.

Roger Bacon,

Ofera

inedita,

ed.

526.

PG 158 349 C; cf. Krumbacher, BLg 380—5. 6 Migne, PG 80 676 AB. 6 Com. ad III Reg, II 45, Migne, PG %^\i 1152. 4 Migne

7

Chron. II 42

If.,

Migne,

PG no

249 A.

8 Migne,

PG

i2t 197


Solomon's medical -wisdom.

^6 Qstov a\ua, g)oi

fievcop

IIsqI xovxoi)V

rcov h^vcdrnv al OaQxsg.

-^

xmv

Ta>v larQcov 6vyy%yQa<pa0iv^ ex

xSv

eiX7jg)6xEg

as

far

ol do-

Procopius of

xqcoxcov xaq aq)OQiiaq^>

Gaza quotes Theodoret

yag

JloXoyLrnvxi CvyyEyQaftf

as jcdfi:n:oXka^.

Anastasius

Si-

and answer almost word. for word So far as I have discovered, no others use the first part of the reply ending with jrdfiJtoXXa, but Georgius Monachus, Cedrenus, and Glycas weave into their account of Hezekiah's suppression of Solomon's books the sentence, dg/ cop ol xmv ^EXXrivmv naites repeats both question

3.

xaq dg)OQfiag

iaxQo0og>cOrai 6<psx8Qiod[iBvot xal olxeiag Cvvscx^aavxo xi%vaq, or

its

£iXri(p6xBq

c)

Hezekiah's suppression of Solomon's books.

i)

Origin of the legend.

xat;

equivalent^.

The

question naturally arose as

what had become of all the proverbs, odes, and scientific writings of Solomon, So far as the sources show, this question was first raised and answered by Hippolytus in his commentary on Canticles, portions of which are preserved in Armenian, Syriac, Slavic 5, and Georgian 6. The last mentioned version contains a discussion, the essence of which has been handed to

down

summary found

also in a quotation or

in the Quaestiones

of Anastasius Sinaites. In Quaest.

XLI

Anastasius collects several ancient references

books and wisdom. Beginning with an unacknowquotation from Theodoret', he reproduces Sap VII

to Solomon's

ledged i6

— 21

and

III

Reg IV 26— 29, and then adds

1 In III Reg. Quaest, XVIII, this tradition in

Disputavit

mind?

Migne,

FG

80 681 AB.

the following; Does Jerome have

Cf, Quaest. Hebr, in libr. Ill Reg. (Migne,

enim de naturis lignorum, jumentorum,

reptilium,

et

PL

23 1365C)'.

piscium,

de

vi

videlicet et naturis illorum ....

2 Com. ad III Reg IV 33; Migne, PG 87 i 1153. 3 Quaest. XLI; cf. infra p. 97 n* i. It is the first part of the andstQiaiq and immediately follows a quotation from 0Bo6o)QijXOV ^niaxdnov KvooVy -which :

stands at the end of Quaest. 40.

42 4 (Migne PG no, 249 B) for G. Monachus; Migne, PG 121 Glycas (ibid. 158 348 D) has, xkq tov 2. ^i^Xovg, <bv Hal o\ t(ov laxQibv Ttatdeg a<pOQ^aq ^eXapov. 5 Bonwetsch, KVCom I 343 - 74.

4

C/iron. II

200 B, 224 ci(p'

C

for Cedrenus;

6 Bonwetsch, Hipplyts Kom. 7 Cf. supra n. 3.

a.

Hohelied in

TU NF

VIII (23) H.

2,

22

f.


Suppression of Solomon's books.

^ljt:jto^vtov

sx Tov slg to

adfia

jtov 6e

nXovcia avrtj yvSCig]

gj

Kal

aCfiara)v,

xa

avatpegovxaL yag fiovai al jraQOcfilat xal

^i^Xoi]

EXxX^OtaCXTjg xal xb YQCtg)'^]

yivoixo,

li^i

K^Qafifiatcop,

ScOfia

xwv

aXXa

jtoXXfj

6og)la xal 6

rj

xig

Jpsvdexai ^

xwv

vXi] yayivr^xat

xb Xiysiv aOfia aOfiaxcop'

67]Xot

<pg

fiep

rj

xal jtov at

xl ovv]

aGfiaxcov.

jtaaa

jtov

xavxa]

fivcri^Qia

yccQ

C9]fiaivsi

fpri oca JtEQiBlypv al jcavxaxiCx^Xiat cpdal hv x^ avl dtrjyrjGaxo. BV Sh xatg rjpiQaig E^sxiov xa fihp xcov ^i^Xicov 6^eXsyi]0av, xa 6e xal JteQicig)d"rjaap

when he

says,

.

.

.

Perhaps Jerome has

.^

this

quae antiquata sunt, nee in memoria duraverunt,

ex

videretur ...

obltterandus

[Eccl.]

in

mind

Aiunt Hebraei cum inter cetera scripta Salomonis

hoc

uno

et hie liber

capitulo

[XII]

meruisse auctoritatem 2.

That general encyclopedia, the Hypomnesticon^ written by unknown Josephus Christianus, mentions jtsvraxi-

the otherwise

oxtXlag jtagoifilag written

making Hezekiah's revision the Exile and Ezra's labors, and naming 6 aogxoxaxog

a badly garbled fall

by Solomon among the books referred now founds Michael Glycas gives

but not

to in the Scriptures

after

account of

it

all,

by mistake^.

WiXXog as his authority, evidently

The

In view of Hezeon the temple gate. kiah's iconoclastic zeal as to the brazen serpent, it M^as inevitable that some one should suggest that he had also suppressed the 2)

writings

Two

magical writings of Solomon. !

somewhat

independent tradition,

mentioned

that of Sheintob already

800)

in

his

exXoyrj

xQovo-

placed

their

present

is all

quoted.

form are not original, but that does not 2 Com. in Eccl XII 13 f.

3 Cap. 120, places

PG

lo6 124 A.

it

in the tenth century,

Hippolyttts

von Tkeben (1898)

I

sibly

The

date

of

a

much

earlier

evident interpolations

4 5

PG

158 349

date.

it

A;

Cf. supra p. 93.

may belong cf.

story

researches'*, of

9:

McCown.

still

^\%^

it

un-

who

Diekamp,

decides for 800 at the latest,

pos-

appears that aside from certain

540 for Psellus' opinion. Ez VIII 7—11 does not appear

in

played any part in these speculations.

UNT.

is

it

to the fifth century.

122, 537,

The

our material, for

KlHne SchriftenN

and the "more accurate

145— 151, who To the writer

affect

the Hypomnesticon

Schiirer, G^y Fill 420, refers to Oy}.\s,z\Ta\A\.^

settled.

'

(c.

KVConi I 343; Migne, PG 89 589; cf. supra p. 96 n. 6. Anastasius' floruit by Krumbaclier {BLg 64 fF.) between 640 and 700. The QuaesHones in

1 is

Georgius Syncellus

S-

Christian writers present an

like

7

to

have


.

Suppression of Solomon's books.

qS

when speaking of Solomon's reign, merely describes fall; when he comes to Hezekiah,

yQaqiiaq^

most concisely his wisdom and after expanding IV Reg XVJII top

xal

he adds,

'EC^sxlag fthv

oiv

to xaracxdipac ra ddcoXsZa xal xa aXcrj otpiv s^aXslipai rovg evQiCxo^svovq

^adtXevq ^lovda fisxa ixxorpai

4,

;f«>lxot5j^

eg %v6alo:)v

sldooXoXaxQovvTag

xoOovxov

hd-avaxov.

yccQ

x^

sldcoXoXaxQela Cvpslxovxo Scxs xcov d-vgw^axcov ojtioO-EV C^osyga-

xa ^dsXvyfiaxa xcov ed^vwv xal tcqoOxvvsIv aviotg, xal tva TcaQ ^EQexiov xpr}Xaq>av JiBfutOfiEvrnv xQv^oivxo avotyoiiEvmv xSv g)sZv

d-vQcov.

ijv

xal JSoXoiimvxoq yqa^ri xig £yxExo?Mfif£6vr]

xfj

xov vaov jtavxog voorjiiaxoq axog jtsgiixovCa, ^ JtQo6EXoov 6 Xabg xal xag d-EQajtEtag vofiiC^ofisvog e^eiv xaxEtpQovEt xov jtvX'^

d-Ew

xal xavxrjv EC^Exlag E^Ex6Xa\pEV iva xaaxovxEg

6c6

d'EOV'

account and puts

Solomon's magical books suppressed/

— Turning to Ana-

^i^Xog ia^axcov for 3)

xw

the

Suidas

jtQ0CEX036iv^,

abbreviates

ygatpri'^-

stasius Sinaites again

we make

the interesting discovery that he

the account of the reforming activity of Hezekiah to

ascribes

The

Eusebius.

Ev6E^lov

final

IlaiKplXov

section

EX

xtjg

in

Quaest. XII

aQXcctoXoyix^g

^i^Xovg xov SoXoficovxog, xag Jtsgl hv alg JtEQL

^vxwv

xal jtavxoicov

runs

as

loxoQtag,

rwv jcaga^oXwv

C^coa)V

<pv6ioXoy^6ag,

follows:

Tag

6e

xal cidcov, ;fe(){Jaicoi^,

jtEXEtvSv XE xal vTjxxSp, xal la^ax<DV xad-ovg jtavxoq^ yQaq)Eioag

aix^j dg)av£tg

x6 xag d-EQajtElaq xcov vo-

ijtoir}OEV ^EQExlaq, 6ia

OTjiidxwv Evd-Ev xofil^Edd^ai xov Xaov,

xagogav evxevB-ev Jtaga

d'Eq>

xag

xal jiEQiogav alxElv,

The Hypomnesticon of Josephus, which have

seen,

says in

c.

tells

74,

xal

laOEtg^. in

chapter 120, as

we

of Hezekiah 's revision of Solomon's proverbs,

eIA Se xal Exsgot jiXelCxol Xoyoi, ovg djtExgvipEv

6 svaE^fjg ^aOiXEvg 'E^sxlag, ov6ev o^EXog

EJtl

JtoXXotg EvglaxE-

Cd-at Xbyoig^.

The account given by Georgius Monachus of Solomon's wisdom combines part of the Eusebian quotation with express 1 bacher,

B 376f., P BLg 339 ff.

PG

200,

V

160.

2 Lex.

s.

See Gelzer, Sext. Jul. A/r, II 176—249, Krumv. ^JE^sxiaq.

106 89 C. C. 74, -whicli deeds of Old Testament characters,

4

is is

3

PG

89 592 Df.

in a part of the itself

a.

work

;

cf.

supra

p.

96 f

that recounts the

record of the reign of Solomon.


Suppression of Solomoii's books.

indication of its origin, with extracts

we have

as

Josephus,

seen^.

99

from Theodoret and Flavius

Georgius Cedrenus

practically

Monachus, but with the addition of a clause ^t^Xiov

repeats

.HoXoiimvtog la^axriQiov Jtavrog Jtdd'ovg eyxexoZafiftspoi^j apP^" rently borrowed from Syncellus or Suidas; he mentions no authority

Glycas presents on the whole an independent account

2.

of Solomon's wisdom and literary

activities,

but like Anastasius,

he appeals to the authority of Eusebius; he says, rag zov UoXo(imvrog ^l^Xovg,

a^ mv

xdi ol rcov laxQmv jcaldeg rag ag)OQ(iag

Ejia^op .... JcaQct 6s 'E^sxlov xsxav0d-ai g)rj(iiv 6 jtoXvfiad'Tjg xal

Is this

appeal to the authority of Eusebius deceptive.?

We

may not be sure of the date of the Quaestiones of Anastasius in their present form, but, whoever the writer of Quaest XII is, he quotes accurately from Theodoret, and from a lost work of Hippolytus.

Is

not the presumption in favor of accepting his

testimony regarding Eusebius, and supposing that he

from some lost work of the great historian^?

is

quoting

That Eusebius

make such a statement cannot seem at all strange in of the reference by Origen to "a Salomone scrip tis ad-

should

view

jurantionibus"^ 4)

One

further reference to the tradition that Hezekiah took

summary measures with Solomon's medico-magical interest

of particular Test

XIII

(c.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

is

indicate

its

date;

found its

in

FG

writings

Rec.

C

raison d'etre.

the quotation above

is

is

of the If this

more closely

may be due merely

of literary method.

1 Chron, II 42

4),

FG no

121 200 B, 224 C.

books in

pression of the

of

it

Glycas than Georgius Monachus, yet the similarity

to likeness

2

to

since

indeed, forms

12) and,

marks

1 discover no related to

I

to us,

their

249 B, sec 273 B; cf. supra p. 96. Both Monachus and Cedrenus mention the supaccounts of Solomon and again under Hezekiah.

^ FG 158 348 Df. 4 Although no "archaeological history" by Eusebius is known to historians Christian literature, Bonwetsch, in his chapter on "Die vomicanische Litt. in

Hamack, Altchr. Lit. I 900, mentions a Russian MS in the Moscow (cod. 339 [looi] 40 s; 17, f. 310) which has "Eusebeios(?) PamphUos, aus der Archaeologie{?)," and strangely enough it begins, "Das Buch aber des Salome, welches von den Sprichwortem handelt." It at 5 See above, VIII 3 a), p. 94. least has some mention of Solomon. altslav.

HSS."

in

Synodal library

at

7*


Solomonic books in manuscripts.

100

was in the Mishna, there were plenty of channels through which redacteur C might have obtairied it. Yet the .mention of ^burning" and "hiding" (c. XIII 4, 8f.) suggests that Rec. C comes from the time of Cedrenus and Glycas, for the earlier writers do not use the word legend was already found in Eusebius, as

it

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Solomonic books of incantations in the Middle Ages. Solomonic books of magic and astrology found in meIn spite of these records of the sad fate diaeval manuscripts. d) i)

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

of Solomon's medico-magical literary tinued to flourish.

The long

lists

efforts,

such books con-

given by M. Seligsohn in

his

"Solomon-Apocryphal Works", in the Jewish Encyclopedia is by no means exhaustive. Indeed Solomon's reputation became such that any thing connected with magic or astrology or science might be ascribed to him ^ The most popular of the works which are consistently handed down under his name is the Clavicular or ^FyQO[iavvsla, as some of the Greek copies have it. The two are not exactly the same, but along with the Sepher Rasiel 2, the Semiphoras ^, and others of the sort, are of a well marked type. They consist mainly of prayers and incantations intended to accomplish various purposes, usually by article,

The prayers are usually interlarded with barbaric names, and there are many pentacles, or magical drawings, each of which gives power over the demon to which it belongs, or serves as an amulet for some specific purpose. Lists of the angels and demons who rule the days and hours commanding demonic

aid.

are given.

None

of these works

is

like the

Test

language than any of the Greek works of

from them

all

as to purpose; for, aside

much

It is

this sort,

older in

'and

differs

from Rec. C, which has

1 See above II 4, 8, 10, 11, pp. 13 and p. n. i. i8f., 2iff, 25ff. Professor von Dobschiitz in a personal note first called my attention to the fact that in the Ambrosiana the PhyHologus of Aristotle is ascribed to Solomon; Cat, Codd^ Gr, Bibl.

Ambr.

I 104, cod. 89, 183.

are illustrations of this, see Pinax

In Lambros, Cat. of the

A;

s.

v. 2!oXofiO)Vi?e^.

MSS

On

the

and Steins chneider, Heb. Ob. 938. 3 Scheibel, Das Kloster 2 See Steinschneider, op, cit. 937.

on Mt. Atkos Clavicula

Reitzenstein, Foim, i86f.,

III,

289 fF.

cf.


Solomonic books in

drawn upon them

the Test

in part,

their nature, relationships,

books are technical works

and magician,

may

demons

writer wishes to disclose for the

same reason

that

These

counteract them.

for the professional astrologer

not concerned with the cure of diseases,

showing any medical

rarely

interested in the

and activmes

a doctor studies diseases, that he

other

is

The

primarily as the causes of disease.

lOI

use.

interest,

in fact

but anxious rather to show

how the demons may be used to gain wealth, power, and hapThe list of fifty demons in Rec. C (c. X) is charactepiness. With it compare the list of ristic of this type of literature. thirty-six decani in Recs. A and B (XVIII) to gain a sharp defWhen, therefore, the Christian writers inition of the contrast. refer to a Solomonic "book of healing" they are not thinking of the Clavicular nor of any of the similar works. The Test is Having thus the one Solomonic work which fits the term. cleared

the way,

goes to

show

we

are ready

that such a

to

book was

consider the evidence that actually in use during the

Middle Ages. Literary references to contemporaneous Solomonic me-

2)

dical

works.

The citations above which mention medico-magical books Solomon might be supposed not to imply first hand knowledge of any such works. There are others, however, which (a)

of

.

show that they were well known. Following the brief quotation given

above ^ the Hypomnesticon continues, xovq 6\ Saiiiovcov

BTtipBVTCttxovq,

[Xoyovg]

ol

xal jtaB-mv iargcxovg, xal xXsJixciv ^cogarcxovg

rcov

SM(ie2.60TaTaf

rwv

lovdaltDv dyvgrai utag

iavxoiq

(pvXaCCovCiv

3tt6rwv rr^q aylaq BxocXi]olag xovtotq ov xexQÂŁ-

6ia TO tfi Xgicxov jtiorec xad-odiovv savtovq 6e6c6ax^ctt. The man who wrote this is not depending upon what he has liivcov

read,

but

There

is

describes

no reason

what he knows of personal observation. such a sentence could not have been

why

written in the fifth century. (b)

The next

allusion

Nicetas Acominatus,

1 See above VIII 3 c)

is

equally direct and unambiguous.

or Choniates,

3), p.

who was

a

high

official at


Solomonic books in use.

I02

1200 and wrote his History from knew an interpreter and sycophant at

the Byzantine .court about

personal recollections

1,

Aaron by name, who was also a magician. He relates of him, %aXm 61 xa\ ^i^lov HoXoficovrscov aveXixtwv ^rig dva-

the court,

:^xv6aofi8VTj T€ xal 6eaQXOft£V7] Otrjai

xara XayeSvag 6vXXsy£L xal xaQi-

daifiovia Cv^vaxiq dvajtvvdavofiEva,

TO.

ijnrarrofiEVov ejcLOJiEvdovra jtsgarovv,

to

xal

xXr]vrai'

of the ^FygofzavTEia and

new material

the

the Latin Clavicula^ as well as

The

Rec. C.

in

xal

This describes accurately

jtQo&vfia)g Sqcovto to xeXevofievov^.

parts

orcp JtQoGxi-

l(p

of fifty

list

intended to accomplish just the end of calling

and the hosts they command, while

demons in certain

X) is demons

(c.

Tzamal uses almost the language of Nicetas in describing the obedience Solomon may expect 3. It is no doubt a book of this sort, not the Test^ which Aaron used, for no mention is made of healing. (c)

Paltiel

Michael Glycas, in the passage already referred to ^, has

we have reserhe takes a path of

a description of Solomon's magical books which

ved his

for

separate discussion, because

own. His statement

is

Tovrcov xal

IdtoTfixaq

xaTTEV, ax^f]

vXoTOfiEtp

PoTavaig TCOV VJtEQ

This ^i^klop

The

TW

special

EJtcpdalg

rj

s^agrrjOag

CO hyWQTjCtEP^

the Test in everything but name.

throughout concerned with bringing down demons;

in

and

their

feature

1 Krumbacher,

3 Rec.

rj

d-sTog EC,Exiag d-Ew

exeZ&ep :JtQovoiag

Trjg

peculiarities are

of the chief purposes of the

discovered

A

is

Jtcaq

xal xaTWfiadbv ra

^oXoflCOPTt g)lXo0Og)7]d'EPTG)V

JtEQl daiiLopcov

latter is

their forms, natures,

One

aXX o yE

JiegeTid-Elg kd-EQajiEVCEV.

<pvOtV

rjvdyxa^By

cpdrjxoTa te (SjtXdyxvcc

Eavxov avaTtd-slg xal jtdvra

^i^Xlov

<palvovrat^ <pv6£ig

od^EV ^igya tovTOtg ax^oq)OQa exe-

cog loyoqj

T£,

jtaQE^ia^ETo,

(pEQEtv

e16£€Ii

jtmg te deCfiovvTat xal

eyQaips^

EiKpiXo'/WQOvvTEq djtoXvovTai,

ETed-rj

6atfiopa>v

avTOv, o^icog xe xaTayovTac, xal ev oXotq dh

it

as follows: k^>v<SLo'Xoyr\6E de 2oXofimp

dXXa xal nEQi

Xl&oov ....

xal jteqI

in

C XII

is

lurking

places

the labor to

BLg 281—6.

4f.

work

4 Cf. supra

is

carefully described.

to tell

how they

are

and bound or destroyed. which each demon is con-

2 Migne, p.

most

PG

139 489

A

(=:

95 and p. 96 n. 4; Migne,

P

PG

95).

158 349 B.


^

The

Testament.

title

105

demned, one of the most striking instances being that of Leontophoron, who is sentenced to the task of cutting wood for the

Templet Cures by the means Glycas mentions are to be found One cannot avoid the conclusion that it is the Test which is described,

here

from Glycas' own knowledge, or after That he does not name the title need

either

some popular account 3. not trouble us

4.

(d) The next allusion is dubious. num mention is made of a Salomonis

have

texts

a separate item

and

mention

Herovalliana

made

is

in the

the later

next

line as

in the

same

oi phylacteria, which

names, not of angels, but of demons.

the

contain

Decretum

\h.t

in the Collectio

and the following lines

In pseudo-

a line intervenes between the contradictio

de Muneris,

Isidor,

In

contradiction.

it

In the Decretum Gelasiainterdiction or as

and phylacteria. Probably, therefore, the two are distinct works,

no doubt the Clavicular which is characterized and amulets. We must at least postulate the possibility

and the second

by

seals

the

that

there

is

interdictio

is

the

Test,

a tendency to assimilate

is

since titles^.

in this sort of literature It is

entirely possible,

became sufficiently known a pronouncement against it.

however, that the Test never

West

to call for

(e)

In

The most important

the

Fvmd^i fitfgpagev

notice

we have

Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila 61

on

lovdaie,

rolg

yXvjtxolq.

The Jew

reserved to the the

Christian

JtQOOexvvrjOav ^

[2!oXofimv]

replies,

in the

ovx

xai

last.

says,

dxgida

Idpa^sv akXa

tavra Je ov jieqiex^i ^ ^l^Xoq Twv ^aCiXicov, dX2^ sv t^ diad-rix^ avrov yiyqanxau The Christian accepts the correction: kv xovxm yag eaT?]v JitCrojtoiwv, on ovx ev X^^Q^ l€lTOQiOYQdg)ov efpavEQcod-r] rovro, dXX' hx rov ed-Xaasv kv rfl l^^Q^ dxovolix>g.

1 C.

XI

2 C.

7.

XVm 29,

15, etc.

3 Glycas names Psellus as authority for the "contemning" of the books of In this Solomon; probafcly he means Eusebius, cf. supra p. 97 and n. 4, account Glycas is true to the character Krumbacher [BLg 380—5) gives him as being- a popular, rather

than a learned, writer.

5 Cf. E. von Dobschiitz, "Das Decretum Gel.

242—5; cf. p. 319. 6 See James in TSll 2 p. 9 on the

84, U.

ii2f., 74,

4 See below etc.."

TU

(e).

(1912) 13, U.

332—5,

11.

and "apocalypse."

convertibility of the titles "testament"


Christian use of the Testament.

104

This allusion

arofiazog avrov tov CoXofiSvrog syvcod-r] rovto K of value, not -only for the sake of the help

is

is

dating the

we

as

Test,

gives us in

next section of our

shall see in the

dis-

and from the reference to the locusts we can be sure beyond a doubt that it is our Test to which reference is made; we also see that the Test was held in high honor in Christian circles. cussion, but also because the title appears here^

(f)

Summary:

the Christian use of the

Testament.

One

might expect to find more allusions to the Test in early Christian literature and more evidence of its use. But it was one of those

books

attracting

literary attention.

which

among

circulated

Moreover,

it

the people without

represents a passing,

though very important, phase of theological development. As the world became more and more Christianized,

prove unsatisfactory to Christian thinking, even

form of Rec. B, and

come

the fatal

ganism and Aquila,

in

could not but

it

in

the revised

had no vital attraction which could overweakness of its inconsistent combination of pait

The

Christianity.

allusions

to

it

in

the Hypomnesticon, and in Glycas are

rightly expect in view of

its

Timothy and all

we

could

character^.

VIII

1 F. C. Conybeare, Anecdota Oxon. Classical

ser.

2 In connection with the

should be noted that magical

literature is perfectly familiar

Schlumberger in

title

diaO^XJ]

it

70.

with a covenant which S. made with the demons;

V

Gr. (1892) 87 dtaS^XTjv ^v ^Q-evto [daifioveg] inl fxsydkov SoXofxaJvOQ Hal Mixai^Xov tov ^QyuyyeXov^ the same is quoted by Wessely, Wiener Siudien VIII (1886) 179; see Atti e Memorie della RR, Deof.

Ret), des Et.

puiazioni di Storia per

le

1880, p. 177, Pellichioni,

provincie

"Un

a gold plate in a dealers shop, reference to their oath.

deW

Emilia, N.

S.,

filaterio esorcistico"; it

Bezold,

and

is

ZA XX

now ^

lost.

—4

vol. V, Part I, Modena was copied by Amati from

Vasiljev, Anecdota^ 332, has a

(Aug. 1907) pp. 405 f., gives "Eine

arab. Zauberformel gegen Epilepsie," from the margin of ff. 24b~27a of cod. (113) Sachau 199 (Konigl. Bibl. Berlin) which mentions the contract between Solomon and the devils. Strangely Fiirst translated the title Bund Salomos\ cf. supra p. 28f. 3 One gathers a wrong impression from Dr. Conybeare's note {JQ.R XI 32,

§ 65) to c. XV 8— n: "This prophecy roughly corresponds to the one which Lactantius, InstiL Div.^ lib. iv. t. 18, quotes from an apocryphal Book of Solomon.'" Even more misleading is another statement {/^/(2f. 11): "The apocryphal Book of Solomon, used by Lactantius in his Institutions^ was so far Christian as to speak both of the birth from a virgin of Emmanuel and of the crucifixion." But the passage he evidently refers to (c. 18 32 f., Vienna Corpm XIX 359 f.) is n. 6 to


IO5

Date of the Testament.

THE DATE OF THE TESTAMENT Af^D

IX.

Having studied our doand material sides and investigated its

cument on the linguistic sources It .will

and relationships, we are prepared to attempt to date it. be an advantage first to summarize previous opinion on

point.

this

Fleck regarded the Test as a Byzantine work belonging

a) to his

RECENSIONS.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Previous opinions as to date.

I.

ITS

advanced no arguments to substantiate Istrin, who discovered MS D and re-

the Middle Ages, but

conclusion

cognized

it

to

longing

Likewise

1.

as the basis of the Test, regarded the latter as be-

the

Middle Ages

Christian elements

1200),

(c.

though containing pre-

2,

Bornemann concluded that it belonged to the early fourth since its demonology resembled that of Lactantius in

b)

century,

his Institutions

\

Toy

accepts this verdict without investigation*.

Harnack merely refers to the Test

"Verschiedene

des Salomo, deren Alter nicht zu bestim-

'Testamente', so das

men

in this fashion:

und die vielleicht gar nicht in die ersten Jahrh. gehoren"^, Schiirer makes no attempt to fiK the date, but thinks the passage ^from Leontius is especially to be considered in this connection 6. c) After careful investigation Dr. Conybeare concludes, "It is impossible to say when and where the Christian elements present in the Testament were worked into it, but the stress ist,

epitome of

only a loose persecuti

sunt

magna"

(zdid.

cryphon

(as

HI Reg IX 6â&#x20AC;&#x201D;93,

regem suum dilectissimuni

"with the addition et

of the phrase

*'et

cruciauerunt ilium in humilitate

It may well come from some Christian apop. 360, II. 32 ff.). Roensch supposed) which summarized O. T. history, or even from a Sook of Solomon^ but it can hardly have any connection with the Test. In humilitate magna does not necessarily imply the virgin birth, while in ultionetn .

sanctae crucis

{ibid, p.

359,

1.

10)

presents an anti-Semitism to -which our docu-

ment has no parallel.

hoc monumentum Byzantinum .... Per mediam vero, quae dicitur, liber late sparsus in mythologiae Salomoneae fonte est habitus.''

1 "Kst

aetatem

hie

Quoted from Fleck's preface in Migne,

PG

2j?r. Spis^z Zab. SoL, i8f. _ 3 In introduction to his translation,

JE

XI 448 f.,

Conybeare's

work on

4

6

GJV

art. "Sol.,

the Test,

III 419; cf. supra

I22y

cf.

Bibliography II

Testament of." 5 Gesch,

VII 8 c),

p.

1315.

He

evidently

altchr. Lift, I 858.

76.

i.

knows nothing of


I06

Date of the Testament.

on the name Emmanuel and on its numerical value, on the writing of the name on the forehead, the use of the word ravvod^slg, the patripassian conceptions, all have a very archaic air, and seem to belong to about loo A. D." "In its original [Jewish] form" it may be "the very collection of incantations which, according to Josephus, was composed and bequeathed by Sollaid

omon" i.

Kohler accepts Conybeare's results and, as we have our document as representing pre-Tal-

already seen, regards

mudic demonology^. and Conybeare^.

Salzberger adopts

the views of Kohler

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

2. Conclusions. Which of these dates can we adopt? Unfortunately there are in the work no historical allusions which can aid us. Yet one piece of external evidence immediately

proves the late date adopted by Fleck and

Istrin untenable,

mean, of course, the mention of the Test in the Dialogue of Timothy and Aquila ^- Conybeare's manuscript of the Dialogue belongs to the twelfth century, and he says of the work, "The I

title

in

TA

affixed to

really

assumed older ^.

and to

Cyril,

this date

belong the

But this no more than marks the time at which the work

to the Trinity in

allusions title

describes the debate as having taken place

days of Archbishop

the

The

present form."

its

however,

Since,

75

foil.

v*^,

loi v^,

materials

we have no way

103

r**.

are in part much>

of proving that the

allusion to the Test belongs to the older stratum, our terminus

ad is

quern must be set about the time of Cyril (died 444), that at 400.

As

^^ terminus a

to

the Jewish original as as

the

we must conclude

MS D

as

work 6.

Christian 1

JQR

4

Cf. supra

5 op.

that

XI

cit.

Vlllsd)

XI,

But what Conybeare regards book of incantations, while we

to

JE

IV

578, art.

2) (e), p.

XXXIV;

6 Cf. supra VII

100 A. D., regarding

be only a story containing no exorshows, and the Test as such to have been a The book which Eleazar in Josephus* story 2

12.

it is

Test^

earlier.

still

"Jewish original" was a

have found the original cisms,

quo

date Dr. Conybeare would place the

at which

cf.

also

15, p. SyflF.,

"Demonology."

103.

LVI

VII

13,

n. 2. p.

85,

IV

2, p. 32.

3 Salomosage

10.


Date and provenience of the Testament.

it

represented by the Hygromanteia^ or Clavicular

may be

used

I07

cannot have been the Test,

such a Christian work, nor

is

Jew would not have used

for a

it

likely to

have been written so

early.

Can we now date our document more precisely within the We are left to depend upon general limits 100â&#x20AC;&#x201D;400 A. D.? considerations of language and subject matter. In view of the lateness of

evidence,

linguistic a

time

we cannot be absolutely sure of the we have seen, it seems to point to

our manuscripts

when

as

but,

the Koine

was

in full

New

sway, after the

Testa-

ment was written ^, which merely confirms the general conclusion

we have already reached.

As

and the materials entering

to the type of thought

the work,

we come

into

conclusions differing from Conybeare's.

to

The items upon which he most rehes are found to belong to a

The relation to the New Testament we by supposing the Test to depend, not upon preGospel Synoptic tradition, but upon imperfect, perhaps auricular,

^secondary recension. :

have explained,

knowledge of the written Gospels 2. stone 3,

The

allusion to the corner

which might seem to imply a date before the idea of

became common

Christ as the corner-stone

Christian property,

proves nothing, for in the fourth and the sixth century the

applicaton

we have

same Old Testament passages

of the

Rec.

B

belongs to the time

when

to

an

Chri-

actual

corner stone*.

stianity

was conuqering the world, but the original Test to the and his lararium with Apollonius, Abraham, and Orpheus on an equal footing ^ As Cony-

age of Alexander Severus Christ,

beare well shows,

and Origen

its

demonology

described

As

6.

it

attempting to be too precise,

1 Cf. supra

V 4, 7f.,

much

like that

which Celsus

the

conditions of language and

p. 40.

2 See quotations above,

3 C. XXII

is

appears to the writer, without

XXIII

IX

2â&#x20AC;&#x201D;4,

i c),

cf.

p.

106 n.

i,

and VII

supra VII 8a),

11, p. 82f.,

8a), p. 68.

p. 68.

ExT

XIV (1903) 528, "The Stone which the Builders Rejected," 4 Nestle, quoting the Pilgrim of Bordeaux and Antonius of Piacenza from "Itinera Hierosolymitana," ed P. Geyer, in vol. XXXVIII of the Vienna Corpus, pp. 23, 173, 5 Cf.

mpra VII

15, p. 87.

'

6 JQ,R XI

7ff.,

i2fF.


I08

I>ate

and provenience of the Testament.

and subject matter are best met by supposing the Test to have been written early in the third century. Josephus 3. Date of the original Jewish ground work. shows that ideas of Solomon's character and his dealings with demons such as are found in d (the prototype of MS D and the

were

Tesi)

the Jews already in the

common among

first

A. D., although they do not appear in the Talmud third century^. Therefore d may be as early as the tury

of the Christian

At

era.

century

until the first

cen-

present our data allow no more

precise date.

Date of the Recensions.

4.

from the

little

original,

every transcription.

Rec. A, which

probably underwent

The concluding For

long to Byzantine times.

bably editor and copyist, belong to the fourth or

in

trifling

but witii

(XXVI 8 10) besame man was pro-

sections

MS L

the

mediaeval times.

fifth

differs

changes

century,

Rec.

when

B may

well

Christianity was

conscious of her conquest of the world, and her theology was

Rec. C,

being carefully formulated.

although

probably

con-

much that smacks of the much older than the manu-

taining very old material, presents also

Middle Ages, and

is

scripts that preserve

apparently not

may

It

it 2,

well belong 'to the twelfth or

thirteenth century.

X.

AUTHORSHIP AND PROVENIENCE.

Authorship: Opinions.

I.

who wrote

As

to the kind of individual

the Test there are at least four possibilities: he

may

have been either a Jew or a Christian; if a Jew, either Aramaic or Greek speaking; if a Christian, either Jewish or Greek in Gaster believes that originally the Test was written in origin.

Aramaic 3.

Harnack*, Conybeare, and Kohler^ think

1 Salzberger, Salomosage

supra VII

Cf.

3

JAS

4

Gesck. altchr. Lit. I 858;

p.

12, p. 83

and VIII 3c)

4), p. 99.

155, 170. it

is

included under "die von den Christen an-

und z. Th. bearbeitete jiidische Litteratur." 5 See IX ib), c) p. 105 and ns. i f .^ p. 106.

geeignete

to be

92 f.

2

1896

it


Provenience.

a

Testament

author of the

held

Schiirer

places" in

it

is

a Greek

speaking Jewish Christian"

render the opinion that the

— We

have found Gaster's

Our new

and

d^

which was not a "testa-

Was

On

the one hand, the

A

the final

abundance

material and the Jewish trust in angel names, on the

of Jewish

plainly Christian

the

and heathen elements worked

into

warp and woof of the document point in opposite directions.

the

However, there the

materials

a Christian of Jewish or Gentile origin?

then,

as-

originally Jewish likewise

of the materials were Jewish 4.

certain

answer can hardly be given.

other

was

Test

Only the ground work,

impossible.

author,

1.

be the work of a Christian with "no Jewish

to

sumption of an Aramaic original untenable^.

ment",

"the

concludes,

it 2.

Authorship: Conclusions.

2.

Toy

of a Jewish work.

revision

Christian

109

if

we have

the date for which

why

no reason

is

just

argued

is

correct,

a Greek Christian should not have written

whole work, for he would be heir of both Jewish and Gentile

and much more

materials bine

them

in his faith

would be few.

The

than a Jewish Christian to com-

likely

In the third century also Christian Jews

s.

probabilities, therefore, are in favor of

Greek

Christian authorship. 3.

attempted

to

came

the

Test

be

reached.

Egypt, and

decide

Hellenism

So

from

as

far

suggest

regions

the province of Asia.

were

I

am

aware,

what part of the

no one has ancient world

perhaps wisely, for no certain conclusion can

Three

particularly

first,

Provenience.

if

in

one think of the

closest

themselves:

Much Galilee,

contact,

in

is

Palestine,

favor

of the

where Judaism and and where Christia-

nity took its rise and won its first conquests^. Again, as we have seen, some of the materials come from Egypt,

and

some appear

1

JE

XI

449.

3 See above

in

Ethiopia,

2 Th.

V 6f.,

p.

Litztg.

which was Christianized from

XXIV

(1898) 4, col-

4 See above IX

42 f,

2

"O-

and

n. 6, p.

106.

5 See Deissmann's argument regarding the archangel inscription

G See above VI[6e),

p.

65

f.

at Miletus,


no

Provenience.

Egypt name

^,

while the only early literary allusion to the work by

Egyptian One would think that the sand storm demon, Lix Tetrax, had originated in a land like Palestine or Egypt, where such storms were familiar phenomenal Yet from is

'-2.

see that "Asia" was probably as much a center Agypt, and if its climate had permitted, we should no doubt have an abundance of magical papyri from

Ac XIX

we

19

of magic

as

that region also.

Against Palestine

fact that its popular Christianity

the

is

was no doubt Aramaic rather than Greek speaking, while the Test, which is not the work of a leader in the church but of some uninstructed individual, is nevertheless thoroughly Greek in

its

much

language and

argument

strongest

of

Against Egypt the

material.

its

absence of Gnostic influence and

the

is

of specific resemblances to the magic papyri. Against Ephesus

some part of "Asia" no

or

favor

Lydia and Olympus receives

as

its

The very

°.

meeting

a

in

place

in

grammata

the same direction. for

all

In

its

the document,

that the sand storm

fact

name two of the Ephesia

very weakly, to be sure

Asia was

decisive objections appear^.

geographical terms

the only two

are

the

points

Like Egypt,

currents

of ancient

thought.

We

are dealing only with probabilities; in a

rows so impartially from

seems

all

lands,

that bor-

no marks are decisive. As it be ranged in ascen-

to the writer, the probabilities are to

ding order, Galilee, Egypt, Asia.

more

work

light

is

thrown upon

the

Farther one cannot go until whole subject of demonology,

magic, and astrology, as well as on Christian origins. 1

VII

Hamack, Mission and Expansion

9, p.

II 179,

but see above VII 8 b), p. 68 f.,

70.

2 Dial, of Tim. and Aquila^ see above VIII 3d) p.

106. 4:

3

Perhaps because Asian magic material

but less vigorous.

5 That

is,

The Milesian

En VI

4,

Montgomery,

is

inscription offers

outside Palestine;

but other reason sare lacking. Cf. I

2) (e),

p.

103

f.

and IX

2,

C. VII.

c.

Where

AITN

VIII 4; is

126.

scant. =>

Gnosticism was

there,

point of contact.

Olympus might point

the "great mountain"?

Is it

to Greece,

Hermon?


Provenience.

4.

origin

Ill

Provenience of the recensions. of Recs.

A

conclusion,

unless

account of

its

and B Rec.

I

see

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

As

to the place

of

no possibility of arriving at a thought of as western on

B may be

western form of Solomon's

seal,

the pentagram K

The manuscripts of Rec. C are so thoroughly Italian that one is tempted to suppose the recension originated in Greek-speaking southern Italy. but

MS D

is,

as

we have

seen, Byzantine in origin \

whether from Asia Minor or Europe one cannot say. 1 See above VII 14, p. 86.

2 See above

V

i,

p. sSf.


APPENDIX.

N

A. Manuskript

with a

list

of variant readings,

N. Library of the Greek Patriarchate, Jerusalem, Sancti Saba, No. 422; or XVI cent, paper, cm. iixiS;

XV

beginning and end of codex lacking; as recently numbered,

ff.

49^

This manuscript

— 21

— 93^.

Catalogue, vol. B, p. 541

1;

discovered while spending the winter

I

oi

American School of Oriental Research. I had called for the codex to examine the imperfect copy of the Narratio losephi with which it begins, but in leaving it through came suddenly upon the familiar matter oi the Test As the first page of the latter is wanting, the title did not get into the catalogue. Indeed the codex is so abominably 1920

in Jerusalem as fellow of the

written that a

number of

As now bound ginning with C.I 4 2.

numbering,

its

sheets a

selections are not mentioned.

e

contain the Narratio losephi^ be-

Then begins a new but similar hand.

in a smaller

and a new

subject

Of

this

sheet a and

two leaves of /9 remain. With sheet y the second page of the Test begins and it ends on f. 5^ of sheet 9/. F. 88 I found folded into the latter part of the codex. The missing first page evidently was the last of sheet ^ and in rebinding was lost. The leai'ned author of the catalogue remarks that the copy of the Narratio losephi

is

Xlav avoQd-oyQaKpov*

It is

even more

1 %goooXvfjttTixr} pL^Xio9^^xtj, Iqxot xaxaXoyoq zcov iv xaXq ^i^kiod-^xaig vnd A. xov ayiordtov anoaroXixov d-^ovov zu)v IsQoaoXvficov xwdlxwv .

UanuSonovXov

KeQafiSCog,

4

.

.

.

.

vols. Petrograd 1899.

2 Tischendorf, Evangelia apocrypha,

ed. alt. Leipzig,

1876, p. 461.

.


Manuscript N.

The

IIJ

understood Greek very had before him a manuscript which he read with the greatest difficulty, but which he tried to copy accurateLy. The result is a manuscript which often makes of the

true

Test.

what

imperfectly, or,

no sense at

copyist

more

is

Not only

all.

either

likely,

are there occasional mistakes of haplo-

graphy and dittography and constant iotacism, but cases and

words are wrongly combined

endings are constantly confused,

and divided, and

rules of accentuation are repeatedly broken.

all

all, v is added to almost any word ending in a vowel introduced within words. even and Nevertheless, since we already have excellent manuscripts

Worst of

one proves to have considerable value,

of the Test^ this

from the missing It

page,

first

it

adds another witness to the long section cc,

which

wanting in

is

P

form of

in cc.

2^U

18, 23,

IX

XI

7,

XX

31, 42f.,

manuscripts but P.

all 6,

XIII

4, 6,

for,

aside

contains a complete text of Rec. B.

XVI

3^ 6,

4f.,

It

XIV

3

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; XVI

i,

has the longer

XVII 1,4, XVIII 4, XXII 3, 8, li, 20, follows P in every

8 (in part), 13, 15,

and XXV, N where it introduces a numerical equi.valent for a sacred name (VI 8, XI 6, XIII 6, XV 11), and in all the passages where P improves the theology of the TesU especially XIII 3, XVII 4, and XXII 20. This is sufficient to prove XXIII 4

XXIV

(in part),

3fTf.,

one of the four instances

that

belongs to the

it

B

recension.

N

However, in a considerable number of instances support P.

In

very few cases

a

XX 13. In a number of places V 4f. In VII 5 it follows C in a

N

it

follows

supports

does not

Q

against P,

e.

g.

C

against B,

e.

g.

few words which P omits.

It

XXII 11, 12, but especially in c. XVIII, where it repeats the peculiar word ^/g, or ^i!g, though often corrupting it In VI 4â&#x20AC;&#x201D;9, where P makes often

confirms

the

text

of A,

e. g.

II 3, III 5,

numerous additions for the purpose of reconstructing the theology and perfecting the the

A

original ocal

recension in

for P.

In

and

9:

It

is

certainly

x\q xg>v xaXcbg C^wvxcov,

II 8, also,

and in passages UNT.

the main.

section,

McCown.

like

it

it

N

follows

much, nearer the

but in some expressions, such as

than P,

^7jq}og xi^6

demonology of the

jtevrrjocri,

ov

way than P

prepares the

seems a step nearer the original i and 3 {xal Xe^ofisvog) it suggests

11

8


.

1

Manuscript N.

14

the error which led to diverse corruptions in the different recensions.

The most important to

the text of the

contribution

seems so prolix that

made by

the manuscript

concluding sections. Here H had lost faith in it and chosen the B text

Test I

in the

is

Manuscript N, however, coincides with H in part and thus shows that P and Q represent an unduly abas nearer the original.

this and a few other instances, where the was evenly balanced, N has served as additional weight to tip the scales in favor of a reading I had put into the margin or has suggested a new reading. These emendations will be found on page 121*

text

breviated

In

textual evidence

Manuscript

XVIII

16, 22,

additional

N

and

makes

XXVI

knowledge

additions of

certain

None

5.

own,

its

matters demonological or magical.

in

only one of any considerable

size or interest is in c.

each of the thirty-six decani

is

month ^.

tic

The

e.

g. in

of them are such as to indicate

The

XVIII, where

equated with ten days of a Cop-

copyists have not understood the intention of

the interpolator and have confused and corrupted his statements,

but

it

quite easy to reconstruct the entire scheme. This matter

is

adds another connection between the Test and Egypt, but since there it

is

it.

is

not the slightest trace of it in any of the other manuscripts,

quite impossible to suppose that the original Test contained

It

we might have expected had

rather shows what

come from Egypt. The chief textual then, are the

list

fruits

of the discovery of manuscript N,

of emendations already mentioned and the con-

firmation of the strange

word qv^

in c.

value of the manuscript

lies in its

corroboration

scheme of recensions and manuscript ted.

The

fidence

fact that

that

the Test

it fits

in so well

But the greatest

XVIII.

of the general

relationships already adop-

goes

any subsequent discoveries

far to will

support the con-

not invalidate the

conclusions reached in the Introduction.

The

list

of variant

readings

appended

will

illustrate

the

character of the manuscript and give the basis for the emenda1 See Intro, above pp. 57 ff.


N

5

Lectiones variae ex

N.

1 1

Variations merely of spelling, order, and stere-

suggested.

tions

MS

otyped phrases, such as xal

have been passed by. Only or were different

sljtov,

some disputed reading

where they confirmed

enough to be of valye in determining manuscript relationships have they been noted. Otherwise it would have been necessary

Even the orthography has been was too misleading. Except where some other

the entire manuscript.

to print

corrected

when

manuscript

it

MS N

Lectiones variae ex cum MS N

Incipit \

(f.

49^)

N

B

Rec.

P.

(=Sancti Saba 422)

1

1.

cum rec. B N 4 |Ue

—N

has been collated with

comparatae.

p. 10*,

c. I 5,

hoyovfxevoq vvxzbq x, fifXSQaq

OH

N

specifically indicated,

is

rffg

2

(+

yjvx^g

fxoi B,

avtov) i^OfioXo-

N

om.

3 i^ovcid-

7iQ0OSQX£OTe xaS'^ exdozijv ^ixe3: t^v Qav xal idod'i] 6 ;^«(>t? B, §7-7 2JoL ^aaiXtvq viov 9 rce Tf ... a^a. x. 01x06. xbv vadv xov xvqIov iv t^ G(pQayl6i xam'^ (om. glos. de anuli signo) U. 2 5 ixdXeaev § 8. p. 11*, 1. 1 yevofi. ndXtv tdo^. ^6 TtaiSaQiov 6 aoX. x. sSwxsv avtov xbv daxxvXidiov xal (p'^aaq avibv idv §

I

iyevero

6.

|

\

flfiEQav

iniax^ xb

,

.

.

6ax.

[f.

49^

sXa^ov naQd xvqiov

8

xb itedaQiOV xb Sax. x. <pdaag xb

Xafi^dvvoL

'xal

x. Mixcc^jX

xov aQX-

Saifiovtov Q-^xpaq

;i;o;Af7r^v

6 TtaQayevov avxov xov SaifiovLov Xiycov dev^o xb fieXXo aoi <pQdae § 10. p. 12*, 1 <pX^yov 5 xal 4 ^nl xov ax^&ovq t. dalfiovoq ^ota. 2oX. 6 nsTiolijxaq 7 s. xal xal elnev 6 6. xb nedd^iov

x6 Sax. Inol xov ax^d-oq

\

xal firjSev

§11. ^.

.

1.

3 T«

Sojao)

(f.

QtiQ-svxa

—N

SoX.

.

6iaXoyit,6f^evoq

ix^

|

X. e'Itcs x<p X.

.

.

.

|

SoX

^aaiXet' ^aa,

p. 13*,

^aa. aov debfisvoq x. x^avyd^o)v

xavxa b paa. SoX.

C. II. dx.

^,

GiXelaq (f.

'

§ 13. 1. 10 laSga-^X y^q xal f/^ dn, fie cum A aov dvd^ofxsv os dydyo) § 14. 1- 12 x^^Q^"^ ^- ^yccXbfievoq

50^) aoi xb d^y.

passim)

,(sic

I

§ 12.

I

avxov

50^)

x5>v

I

'S xaX,

x. sldov

N

elq TtoTov t,(i>diov OLXslaai; x.

ywatcDV inl

yfjv

naQd-svov xbv

1 T^fuv SiaTtoxa

1.

3

rCQbq

\

avxbv dnaydyj^q f/.£ avtov x. i^fjX&ev slq xd %z, x. Btnev avxbv finev p. 14*1 !• 1 61 fx^

|

t,d)diov

3

xsxXrjxoxaq

^vq&v,

r.

%. aoXofibv

uq.

XTJq

iniBvfziibv

—N

§ 3. f tg

nMov

psta^aXXofievoq, jtoxh fihv bq avS-^ojJioq %xo)v inid^Vfilav svl

^a-

b ^aa, aoX.

|

S-^Xvxbv

N (cum HI) 6 noxe 5 ndXiv xal Xe^bfxsvoq (1. xeXevofievoq) §4- !• 7 XTJq dQxayy.: ynxaiiX. x. eIuev b ^aoiXevq aoXofxbv* vnb nolov ayysXov xaxaQyeXaai) vnb ovQEirjX «()xoEyy^Aoi; xi^q dvvdfisioq xov S-sov §5- P- 15*1 1. 1 r^e f. 51^ %6. xb Griv6i0iv nQoaxpavaai xal 3 yiaXbv dXywaiv vnb ndvxcov xwv

svxOGfiov dTCrofZEVoq'

ivpalvofiai

.

.

ndw at

.

^

.

Saifxovlcjv

.

\

5 idaofiEV dva<p^^o xaydi act

i(pi^fiias fjLiv

inaQEScdXEOE p.

7

aQX- Oh. xov

2 xaxeiv^ ovxoq 1-4: xvQLOv X. d-.

i6*,

§ 9.

x.

6)6£

1.

.

—N

I

.

.

etc,

yf^q

§

?•

1.

^XS-.

§

cum

textu, //fy.

8 x^xoq x. d-^aav

5

naQEivat

aapad}S-

8.

1.

6 riv^d^riv

ix.

,

.

.

x. d-aX. etc.

3 xbipai x. '0.

ndvxo)V xwv

8*

\

gvv x^

^oi\ c.

B

xeXeTv fiolQi^


6

MS

Lectiones variae ex

1 1

C. HI.

11 ov

^el^epovk constanter

N

scr.

|

N.

BeeL xdv

tc5v daifiovlatv

ff(>xovrff

3 n^dq aolo5 d-edqi eUsv d ^aa. aoX. zov 4 t. S-sdv c. textu N • y^g c. L SoLj f. 52^ 6 elq ifxh rdv adv d-^dvov 9 § 7. an^Tovv ^avr.: ajtavtcc iyo) tiocco aSial. xal ifi^avi^o/ievoq ^xaazoq zfjv igyaaloiv avxov C. IV. 1. 4 dri EGzi iy ifiXv ^riXdai 5 elvaty (b deandTrjgj i^ovX. 6 sdei^i fiOL: iv xdxBi ^veyxs svfXTCQoatEv fiov xal exovaa ne^xaX^ 7 Sifxaq: dejisle svxQoaxov 8 § 3. avx^q airf avtoi Btpri (bis) iyd) ooX. aeoo/^sTtEJioitjfzsvov p. 19*, § 5. 1. 2 etg ly-§ 4. 9 ^voaxaiXet yovoe oxoXeixoid^o avz. 3 ^ot eaTtr qp^ayy^e § 6. 1. 4 f^s shal {— vo/iil^.) 5 fj.eXaxQ' iwov 6 Aa^pewg x. <pav£Qd 7 fiXdnzoi 7 s. xtfpfovpyot 9 noQiQovat p. 20*, § 8. 1. 1 avrjJj' (f. 53^) tto^. ysvvazat, ftoc <pflq

fiibvza .

17*, § 4.

p.

1 a>g

1.

etc.

textu, fisyd^cog

c.

§ 5. o Je

I

.

.

.

+

|

I

.

\

.

,

|

.

:

|

1

I

o 68

2 ^tt>v^g «;ffp£Ov

avT^v

TtQoq

afjxov dv[^Q(bn)ov [xoX^^ov

z. x.

aazQOV

4

3 §

^f ^yh

9.

aaz^ov 5 tiXsov dtcoSsvdv. xal eiTtov iy(h aoX. TCQoq avz^v TtoXoq ayyeXoq xazagyeX oe. x, eItis' iffv ^aaiXevq 6 § 11. Etg <pXe^tjv 7 azQaz, <pwv^aaq ngbq avt^v ^ItpetxQovoai. 6 61 eItcev Xiyo) aoi, ^ao., vnb § 12. 1. 9 zb 8vofxa ccyiov icoijX avr^v 10 6tb c, A N xav. om. c. stq C. V. p. 21*, 1. 4 6alfjiova N § 2. 6 dneiX. pX. ^Xetpag TtovriQbv UQoq fie X. s<pri* zlq ^v xal avztav 7 § 3. ovxoq xsz, ovxoq (f. 53^) dnoxqI^t] 9 6 vtbq Ijq dv., dyo) 11 yrjysvi^v p. 22* § 4. xal vvv zb 1, 1 ipmXevii iv zca ovQavbv c. C Is. 6id zbv 6Qax6vzQiv nai6aq 3 xal 6 zov d-Eov nazQbq b d-Qovoq iaxlv xal zb «|. fisxQi- t^v oi^fisQov iv z<b ovq. 7C010V

I

TtccvasXrjvov

,

|

.

.

.

W

.

.

'

\

6 §

iQcozav,

5.

xal

11

1.

pa a.

7

aov yaQzd

X.

6Ba. avz.

{f.

nagd ^QozoXq' ei d^ fi^ na^d xa4 6tcL zmv inl nXEiaxov aaxQwv xal i(pov, x. 6afjLd'Q(a § 9. N c. P sed scr, notov 11. 9 xarcv.: 8 Xsyszai yXavaloq 6 10 inl

c.

1

§ 8.

(fin.)

l^jJAotra

f^tsgri

xbOfi^ n?.^v ovxVjfXTiVjXVQie (xov d^itb 6i ae: eva 6e aEi saxiv ^^ I

vaov 2

s.

\

.

.

noi^aaq

.

§ 11.

55^)

//.s

zb 6aifj,bviov dafxb6ioq

§ 13.

1.

4

ndvxoxe xaxoix^v xal iv n{av) 6 6Eafx£VGavzoq 7 dXri^iiq

1.

xaz, bis

10 dvazg.

11 v6QLaq 6exa

OLXo6ofi^q

zt^q

(f.

.

.

Zip

dXXk

1.

xanv, ^ xaXafxoq oxvQaxoq vnoxaibvxwv da(x6dq ozb Svofxa xexX. xXdvoq 2 noz, z^{q)

(f. 54"*^

1.

1 xaX.

1.

textu

xaxsiva zd

6i6zi

[

p. 23*,

7.

§

§ 10. p. 24*,

QEG<xq

A

c.

6.

dv{S'Qa))7ia)v etc.

EVQ.

7t^oax<oQi^a€L

etc.

x.

inl {-lEQLxmv dvS-^dxwv

avQlaq

6

textu

§

xal XQiyafjL'^aq x, Sq ETixd, ayyEXov, om. zov d-Qovov 6lov

c.

^^ondzizav

^x^f^^"^ '^^'^^

54^) xal ixEX, avxbv ixT^^EOxai x. dnoXoyeZaO^ai zlq xaX.

ixTiC^saxat zL iaztv

xovQymv

^. 6LaQ. iv x. etc.

cum C

^x^tg

fj/x.

z.

6oS'fjvaL

§ 12.

1.

9

aL6riQov <po-

noatv oov elq vnovpylav zov

avxbv

oocplav zavzriv

p. 25*, z.

I.

1 avxbv

6ovX. oov

jgoyL^r |

6 ?/ (ptov^ d6vq ntxQtaq xal xaXdfifia axvQaxoq Xvwv vnoxatwv C. VI. 1. 9 UQOGX. z?fq ivdo^bzBQOV xal inTj^mxrjaa avx. Xiycov

10

pEX^epov^'X

8 §

3.

xal fisz'

zagzaQw cum A iv

I

6 §

i/ih

cum

6eafjid

% A

11 fzbvofiav vnoXEXet^sv 6EvzEQ0q Xiya &dv ^yovv 6EvzEQoq

oi^x^q

'ci

Elq inid-vfilaq iyi^o)

3.

1.

1 s.

bv

.

.

.

A

iaxiv \

p. 26*, tj

1.

2 iX. xal elq ^glafioq

iv noX. iyvQaq

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.

.

.

6 dnoGxiXco

ZQE(p6fiEvoq

c.

L

§§ 4

|

4 zovq 6aifiovaq

nQa^lq gov

6 6h

12 oi^dvioq N d-ebq 4 xa^ib zd

\

|

9,

N

dvd'^dnwv indyo)

N

8 iyo) avzbv ovx

'


MS

Lecliones variae ex

ivsyyov n^og

(

ig.

oi xal ip^fpog

12 P

N

Iq. etc.

c.

zfjv c.

A

's^rj

|

.

rov aylov

\

avQ-Qa>noig ip^aiazl Ttevztjx^

zdv dsSoxdza^o^^ov. iav iiiya. ovofxav xov d-eov N avzdv ^XdXa^av tpmv^v ndvteg ^ovXei § 10. 1. 11 avzov inriQibxriGa ^aa, 13 ^alaaalovg p. 28*, 1. 2 olx.

^wdvzwv d^xlaei zdv .

6e d-slg avxbg

AyysXcov

tioIcov

|

naQa

xakovfzevov

$-,

56^) § 9. 1. 9 ^v dia r. ^aa. avxibv c B

Xa^sZv

^ Sh eItiov

3 tp^daov

1.

dia/jto)

10 ixetvog o vlog gov

1, § 7. 8.

dvv, (f.

ot Satfi.

\

§

1.

and 11 t^g S-aL ttjg avzov av Sh TtoZov aazQOv

xaxsTvog

iq)?f7iag 6.

Igzlv 6e vdrjtov hXXrjVLaTl

XP'-^'

zig zS>v xaXcHv

jMjJ

i&<p.

L

c.

dvdfiar og rov navz,

TLfilov

Ti}q

ae)

2 hoitEQeiov

oheetaai

6h

^v&dv xfjg ^ccXdaarjg § 12 ov yaQ p. 27*, 1.

%bv

H7

N.

.

ifi.j

zd

^ksS-ec

|

\

.

.

.

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Manuscript E. xal iajeoQTtlad-yjv to

fiov

7iv.

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1

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23

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Ssxa

I

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.

\

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|

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ngoOxvvriGtq slq xovq alaivaq

xwv

al<bvo)v' d^'^v

B. Manuscript £.

A

Solomon the Prophet.

Narrative Concerning

E. Library of the Greek Patriarchate, Jerusalem, Sancti

Saba, No. 290; XVIII cent, paper, cm, 17x21,7; 204ff.;

Catalogue, vol. B, p. 415.

unpublished.

The

first

were written

one hundred thirty-eight leaves of the manuscript

by Gerasimos,

a

monk from

Chios in 1719 at the (f. 48^ and

xov ayiov £v66B,ov jtQogy-^rov 'H?dov rov SsC^irov

^ovri 139^),

probably, therefore,

at

Mar

Elias

"Narrative Concerning Solomon", however,

book which was written by other, and

it

is

in

a section of the

would appear to

somewhat older hands, although nearly every work in part of the

The

codex

is

"narrative",

strongly marked

found on

177^

ff.

hand, comparatively easy to read. is

MS

immeasurably superior to

to L. late

It is

unique in that

it

is

a clear strong

is in

not free from errors, but

N, to those of Rec. C, or even

not merely marked

by occasional

Greek forms, as are several of the others, but

written in

Modern Greek of

me

this latter

by modern Greek forms.

— 191^

It is

The

near Jerusalem.

a style

much more

is

entirely

colloquial than

modern newspaper Greek. it

or

has

some value

as a

Aside from its relation to the Test, sample of colloquial Greek of the XVII

XVIII century. Its

nearest relative

"testament"

at

all,

is

MS

D.

but a story.

In other words

Certain sections

it

is

not a

read like a


Manuscript E.

124

MS D

paraphrase of

into

Modern Greek.

Indeed,

uses the very phrases of D, for example in

Moreover

follows the outline of

it

of David's

MS

D

it

IV 6

c.

occasionally

9, I3f.,

i6K

beginning with the story

D",

and then recounting the beginning of the building

sin,

of the Temple, the favorite slave's

difficulty,

the capture of Or-

the sending of Ornias and the slave to capture the demons,

nias,

work upon the temple \ All of D cc. IV VII 3 is often almost word for word^ From this point on, however, E parts company with all the other accounts. It tells how Samael was examined and replies and is set to work in exactly the manner of the Tes^^, Then it goes on to narrate how, after the Temple was finished, Solomon shut all the demons up in vessels, how the Temple was dedicated, how later the Chaldeans came and released the demons, and how later still Jesus came and by the cross overcame them all, adding that this was the symbol engraved on Solomon's ring and that anyone and

their

repeated

who

in E,

properly uses

attacks

this

sacred symbol

may

escape

all

their

^-

The

differences

between

E

and

of Solomon's parentage

telling

D

The resemblance between

conclusion.

count of the

is

devil's frustration of

David's sin (D

c. I

4—6)

is

go

still

farther than this

the introductory sections

after all superficial.

The

Nathan's attempt to

forestall

entirely lacking in

of Nathan's parable and David's repentance

ac-

E

and the account

is

quite different^.

When

(D c. Ill 4) Ornias and the slave are sent to bring in the other demons, they bring Beelzebul, who is examined as in the Here MS E uses material from the accounts of both BeelTest. zebul and Asmodaeus, in something like this order, Test cc. Ill 6, IV I 3a, V8f VI4, 7f., 9 (part). Then it resumes the matter

and order of D (c. Ill 8) I There are fewer resemblances

in

language between

E

and

D

and E, and yet in the account of Beelzebul the same words are often used and the likenesses are such

the Test than between

3—6, 8ff, IX 7—10.

1 E, c.;v

4 E, 7

C.

u.

IV

II

ff.

2 E,

c.

5 E,

I— IV cc.

I, 12.

X—XII.

g E,

c.

6 E,

V—IX c. I

4.

6—9-


Manuscript E.

12 C

some kind of literary dependence. one omits the account of Onoskelis and Asmodaeus from the Test, an account which breaks into the very as

very strongly to suggest

This

is

particularly true if

middle of the examination of Beelzebul (cc. Ill 7 other .

grounds also

how

long to

comes about that some

it

Asmodaeus

Asmodaeus cannot be

ofE

traits

i a).

On

which plainly be-

are ascribed to Beelzebul

That Raphael and the

explain.

long to

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; VI

appears like an interpolation, for only in

does Beelzebul figure prominently.

these chapters

Just

this

is

it

gall of a fish called

disputed^.

It is

difficult to

yXiavoq be-

plain also that

combining two accounts from the fact that in he introduces the means by which the demon be laid 2. He must have known two descriptions of the demon and he preferred the name Beelzebul because of

the writer

is

two separate places is

to

chief its

use in the Gospels.

MS E

is

more

definitely Christian than

any other of these documents.

We

have in our manuscripts a "synoptic problem" rendered more complicated by the discovery of E. The resemblances phrasing and in order are too close to permit of an oral theory,

even in

but on the other hand, the differences are such as to preclude

was derived directly from either D them from the other. Rather we must go back

the conclusion that the Test or

E

to

an original "narrative",

or either of

d which

included a brief account of

Solomon's parentage, the building of the Temple, the capture of

use of demons in the building, the incident of the

Ornias, the father

and son, the

gifts

from foreign monarchs, the

letter of the

Arabian king, the capture of Ephippas, and the placing of the cornerstone and the aerial column. This d possibly had also some reference to Samael, for he appears in both E and D.

Both the introductory account of Solomon's birth and the concluding reference to

Samael where developed

differently in the

two editions.

E

steps in to

XVII

In

c.

of

Samael

in

E

1 E,

IV

7.

c.

a

is

make

the connection between

nameless demon whose "work"

and who

is

frustrated in the

2 E,

c.

IV

7

and

9.

d and is

the Test.

exactly that

same way, by the


126

Manuscript E.

like moreover, "shut up the other demons" (XVII 5), an idea especially prominent in £2. As the Test, which was ex hypothese written by Solomon, could not tell of the future escape of the demons from their vessels,

sign of the cross

^.

The demon

is,

.

.

.

and the power of the coming to overcome them again (XV 8 12), all of which is given in much fuller detail in E. The relations may be explained by supposing E to be based upon e, a manuscript derived from d and forming the original also from which the Test was developed. E, of course, represents a considerable expansion of e. A great deal of liberty must be allowed to editors and copyists in such literature as this. This will explain changes and omissions of all kinds. The use of various sources is also to be expected. In one passage E mentions Jeremiah, Baruch, and Abimelek, and evidently depends on the Paralipomena of Jeremiah ^. In the transcripton of E which follows^ I have tried to be the writer had a

demon

foretell

it

Son of the Virgin

as faithful to the manuscript as possible, only correcting obvious

errors

and not trying even to introduce consistency.

1 E,

^.

IX

8

f.

2 E,

u.

X

2.

3 E,

c.

XI

if.

4 See pp. 102*— 120*


BIBLIOGRAPHY. I.

1.

Editions and reprints.

Fleck, Dr. F. F„ Wissenschaftliche Reise durch das siidiiclie Deutschlamd, uud Frankreich, II 3, Anecdota maximara partem sacra. Leipz.

Italien, Sicilien

2.

1837, PPFiirst, J.,

"3— 40Der

(=F1)

Orient,

5.

Migne, Abb^

J. P.,

Reprint of Fleck. 4.

Istrin, V. M.,

only 7.

Jahrgang, 1846, Literaturblatt,

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Incomplete.

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MSP

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spiskl zabesania

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AIAOHKH 20AOMS2NT02 9

TEXTS WITH

CRITICAL APPARATUS


compendia

Sigla et Uncis

rotundis

(

)

in

apparatu

critico et in textu adhibita

circumduxi vocabula vel == 6.

litteras,

quae in codice compendio

scripta sunt, velut {^f^iQa)

Uncis rotundis tionis ,

it

( )

in

apparatu critico circumdedi numeros sectionum interpreta-

Conybeare

scriptae.

Uncis fractis ( ) circumdedi ea quae in codice perierunt vel a scriptore omissa sunt. Uncum fractum <; post vocabulum posui cuius terminatio a scribente omissa est. His signis

'"'

marium

inclusi

lectiones in suspicionem vocatas,

vel interpolationera

Asteriscu * in textu apparatuque insignivl et

+

paginarura numeros.

vel add.

=

addit,

addunt

ubicumque errorem

pri-

praesuppono.

manuscrfptorum editionumque initium


9

Sigla et compendia

= HarLcod. 5596fiagmenta, cf.p.18 = Bib. Ambros. cod. 1030, 20 V = Bib. Bonon, Acad. cod. 3632, 21 W = Bib. Nat., Anc. fonds cod. 2419) 25 = corrector T

U

of. p.

|

d ==, de °

=

cf.

p.

p.

r

grec,

cf-

Bn Bncn Cr Fl

=

P-

Bornemann, graphiam

= Bomemann, = =

Conybeare Fleck

versio, cf. Biblio-

"Conjectanea"

daemonis, Cd,

li

narratio

,

23

et n.

Fii

=

Fiirst

Is

=s

Istrin

=

Migne

Mg tr

p.

C^

H^, L^, C,

et n.

1

cf.

cf.

I

altera de

p.

supra

19

= phylacterium pp. 25, = descriptio 19,

a

cf.

de Onoskelu,

alt.

XII

signis,

cf.

I

=^ versio, velut Mgtr

=

versio in

Ts/i.ignt,Pairologia ^aeca, vol.122


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d-Eog Tcov jtaxEQcav (lov * 6l6rjQa EXEig (poQECat xal jcriXov xot^^o 6£tg alg oXr}v

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on L

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VI, 3—6;

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= Rec.

§

4.

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A.

1

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d^aXaGGrjg xal xl x6 ovofia avrovA

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MSS HL

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1 ysvovg

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]

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avxov xl

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rw

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7.

vTto Tioiov

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textum similiorem liabent cod. mss.

HL == Rec.

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polatum hunc: iyd) slfxt 6 [nQtbxoq) dsxavdg xov t,a)6Laxov xvscloVj dg xaXovfxai XQioq, xal iiax i/iov 01 Svo ovrou iTtrjQwzrjCa ovv avzovg' rlveg xaXeiad-s; §

5.

o fihv TtQmxog

MS HL Sexadav supra

lin. adscr.

MSS HLP

^6(pri'

iyd)^ xvqib^

Qva^ xaXov^ai

''Pva^ dubitanter propono: iym 2 eyw . . Rec. A. § 4. 11. 1 {dsxddwv L) xov i^oSlov {i^odtdv L) xvxXwvog [xaxoxkovog xo ==s

— =

.

HL §5-2 TtoieZv H

H) xaXovfiat xal XQcdg Recc.

H

AB.

SiXyetv

|

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seal

syxXeiaov ego: ^xXvaov (forte recte, aaXsveiv fiovov: fisv L sed in ms. tribus punctis dubii indicandi notatum) P, syyeiaov H, syyiaov L

L

I

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numeros

§ 6. (74) devxegog:

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Xiy <i L ^aQCa^a^X L 5 ^(ilx^avog L, tj ^ixgavoeg Mg xovg avd'Q. A: aXyeXv P 6 0)5 rf^ L: s<j>g ^syxXtjaov HP, ^xksiaov [x ex X corr.) L 7 sv^g 6s H, iav (Jiovov P semper scr. P, ehS-emg semper L, interdum Ev&vg-, interdum svS-emg H per compendia

scr.

codd. omnes

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xal idv

oov

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jiQXOOafjX

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S wg Sh H: Sg f^dvovV^ ^yxXetaov P: sxxXeiaov H, ^axXsi-

d^caxoaa^jX |

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§ 8. sectionem 8 om. Fl cum nota hac: »Hic sub signo *),« quae additamenta reperire non potui *

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f.

17^1

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oQOTtoXog L,

quae

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dvax€OQw,<^

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10.

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P ^iinOLw A: aa<pa^X L, a(pe^a^X

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i6i^

notw

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15. o

xaXovfiai,

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fidxag xal avd-adstag

vixorarjX xaXovfiai. lav

*

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4

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iXaxTO) P; at/xcov 6w, P: av[^Q(j)7t)(ov [avov H) 6vvdfi£ig A H, iXaxribv L, -|- xal aaXsvo) P, seal iav axovei L X^iQ&v evQa H 6 naQaXvo) HP: naQxvo) L, -\- xal daxa naXafitJbv avv-

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1.

^ox^hX

7 § 12. (79)

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in ^eX^hX

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^dipri HP: elnev L KovQxaiiX P: xoVQxa^X vel xotpxa^X H, * Mg 11 iyxdxcDV A: ^v xoi?.i(x P imnifjiTia) A: 1344 UTtonifiTiWj novovQ indyai P L 'lacbS- P: tfa^dv ava;ca)pcM i?ffco^ H iWfraH ^y;tfA. ^ot;pt. 12 § 14. (81) ^V? HP: sItisv L Ma^ P: //£Ta5i;a| H, fisxdd-ea^ L cav 13 vetpgovg notw Tcovetv P * H f. 22^ rfe H iyxX, MetaS^: 'A6o)va^X P: adwvat H, atfwvdv L A Kaxav. P: xavixoxa^X L, vtptfo14 § 15. (82) ^iprj HP: slnev L

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§ 13. (80)

axovQxuQa^X

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P: ygdyjai H, a? y^ay'?

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dyyiXoVj xal xavxa xa ovdfxaxa P

rot

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dvofx. x. xax. /xs

xb ovofxa xov xaxag-


54*

^«f ^<?'

XVIII, 15—19

GtOLXBla

ovofiara ra xaxaQyovvxa

fiB' >ayyEji6' has' Isco' aa^amd-' kyxXeU Oars KaravixoTa7jkj< xal jtjLvvag ra <pvXka xriq 6ag)vrjg gavaxm rov olxov avrov rm vdari, xal svd^vg dvaxcogS.^ 16. 6 dcode-

xarog 5

:

»eyco 2ag)d^0QariX xaXovfiai. dtxoataalag hfi^aXXm avQ^Qmnotg xal Evq)Qalvofiai avxovg <Sxav6aXl^cov. eav xiq YQaipBL xavxa' * >las' ism' viol HaPa(Dd',< xal g)OQEc sv xm xgaeqirj'

rolg

XVX(p ccvxov, avd-vg dvaxa)Qm,<i

xQlxog xal dexaxog

'O

17.

vevqSv x^^dcEig 10 18.

^ey6

eg)?]'

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xaXovfiai.

eav axovcoi' >Ad(ovatj< svd^g dvaxo^gmA o XExagxog xal dixaxog Eg>rj' »8ycl> AsQm^X * xaXov(iai. ipvxog Jtoim,

xal Qtyog xal Oxofidxov jtovov sjtayo}, fisiv^g,

oxi

d'EQiiav^g,

^(17]

Qcov,<^ Evd^vg dvaX(x>Q6,<i

JSov^sXxl xaXovf/ai.

MSS HLP

sap dxovaa>' >ld^,

firj

kfi-^

xaXXiov eCxI :SoXofi(5v svdExa Jtaxd-l

19,

tpQixriv

o nifijixog xal dixaxog xal vaQxrjv

« Recc. AE.

^sym

E(pri'

mv

EjriJtEfijto).

(lopov

P 1 Ryysle A: iak B.: kah L, iah P aapawd- A: viol aa^awd^, Sia to ^vof^a rov fxeyaXov Q-eov P iyxXi^acczai H, iyxXtjadtQ) P, iyylaare L, rw Fl errore 2 xal A: TCkvva vel nXvvag P, itXvvcav Fl r. g)vX. t. 6a(p, H; tag 6d<paq L, xa lew LP:

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iS-bd-'

avrov H: TO ovg ^d'Tj

(1.

xid-f)

§ 17. (84)

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8 ^Popod-^X A: ^oS-^X P

P

fii^riv Xvo)

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55*, i)

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H, ^«? fx^i ifxfipsivriq L, Xtov .., iv 6ixa nat. P, fxev^iq

—A

^a^ ^m^

13

et

13)

^yw Sov^sXxi

;f.

|

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^^

P

ififXEivfjc

aovpEXxfi ^' xovfxeXx^X P, Kovfieax^X Fl T^v (v)ovv xal odQxaq ifznoiw H iav A:

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§ 19. (86) ^^ot 6 li

.

*

^oxX^id P, 'PojyA^tJ Fl

L

L,


'

XVIII,

19—22

GTOtxeta

Ttt Acj'

I

dsxarog

\

exroe

^

avd-'Q^Jioiq

'X.di

avtarovq.

* 6

xoXlavdgov xal ijEixQisrco ra

ipatG) 5

jtvQSTOvg

Ear gag

^iyco

sg)rj'

tov dap, avax(^Qf](iov djto

55*

kjcKpega) rolq

xaXovfiai.

d^iXmv

xsiXi]

vyir^g yeviod'ai XQt-

Xiymv' >6Qxl^a) oa xaxa

rov JtXddfzarog rov ^aov,< xal svO^vg

avax<x)Q^'^

r

21. '0 s^dofiog

rov dv&gwjtov xad^a^ofiai, xal JtoiS dcjtaCjiovg av

rov Ctofidxov

xal av

^aXavalq)' 10

og 6'

ap

dov6a

C,iC,a^ov.<

[dixatog

xal dsxarog e^rj' ^eyco hgoota xaXovfcai. exl

06S

avglcxco rov m^d-gcojiov xal JcrwfiarlC^o},

rov de^cop corlov rov Jtdoxoptog ax rgirov

aig

aini^i

Jtoiai fis apaxoDgatP.^

I6a,

»ayca Moda^rjX xaXovftai.

eg)r]'

=

MSS HLP

*

22.

oydoog xal

yvpatxa dno- avdgog

'i>t?oj?JX H: QilmhX L, t,<oQQ}iil P ^iyxleiA, eyxXTjaov xovfxevxa^}k P, de Kovfjtevxa^l annolavit Fl: »diversa genera scripturae in una enuntiatione.« avaxatQib %xi tbv vovv xal aaQxaq l(xni& L H 2 ^ym Katga^ § 20. (87) H: laT^a^ L, «T^or| P iTCi^sQO) A: iyw xaxaaxQeqiO) P xo^^ iivid-QOi}* L f iS^i %)ovq L 3 &VLax.: nal ^ka^sQOvq P ^ . yevea^ai A: lav Q'sXrjg fie iyxXTJaai P zQiip. xok.: xq. xoXvaxQOv H, tq, xoXlavrgov L, P xoX. siotpag P 4 xal iitixQ- x. x^^-^- L: inixQis xa X^^^V c^^f^ov H, Xiyatv: ovxog H, -\- x^v iuMd^v ravxrjv P hcLXQis riav x^f-Xiifov) P 6^x1^0) &eov H ( and ^sov) L: to uvqeS-qov xb and Qvnagl(ag), dgxl^o) as xaxk xov B'SOv xov vyjlaxov xov ^qovov, oLvaxdipPc cLnd QvnaQL{ag), xal eLvaxo>QBi and xov nXda/iaxog xov d-sov P H 6 dvax(i>Qco 5 xal + &nd x6 nXdafxa r. S-eov L §21. (88) 7 ^IsQond ego: iegmnd L, xeQonax \e\. -^aQonari ^, le^on:a^}XF H inl: pr. iav L t. dvd-Q, A: xatv dv{S-g(hn)a}v P 8 xov noiot

AB.

Recc.

cum

ego

aov Sovp.

dubio:

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Dieterich, Unters. p. 33, danaa^iivog):

notmdanaQfxovg (sub q lineam posuit man. prim.?) P pa)., x. iv dda>' scr. mss. omnes, sed iv odw cum svqIoxo} legendum 9 evQlaxo) H: ^gm L, xal onov 6' av svgES-aJ xal s^qcd P xdv^ q.

(i.

oag

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a(Sn.

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est

anaofiovg,

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cf.

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nxoifiax. P: nagaaxofiaxi^o)

10

av P: etnrj H, ei'noi P, slnsZ xtq L av H, xal iav L eiq xgixov L-. slg wxiov (* f. 23^ xov dv{^gatn)ov ix xqIxov H, xoXg ndaxovoiv Eig xov ovg avx&v, xa dvo^axa xavxa ix xqlxov dg xo de^tov P 11 lovda fxe ego: 'CovSat^CC^apovldEnoi el fxe H, lovda^si^apovtdh' noiovfiai L, covdagt^^jj dvax(ogsLV A: evd^g dvax(og(b P ^apowfj' dovvij P, Fl false legit Mod. xaX. H: fzodtfjX xal, L, xak. 12 e<p7j 6 tij n § 22. (89) * P f. 17^^ dvdgdg P: dvSga L, xovg eavyvvatxa L: yvvatxag HP povXSovfx^X P xto^o^^WjHai L, /op/?«>v H, -j- xal (pB-ovov intx6v. avdgaq H x^coglt^o) P u)g

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XVIIl,

22— 27

edv Tiq yQatpst rcov oxxo) jtaxegov ra dvofiara xal

d^^Csi

56* pigco.

avta 6V

JtQod^VQoig, avd-vg dpax€OQco,<i^

61 olxcp^yQa\p£tg xo ovofid

otcp

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25.

6sQiCy< xai * ^a<jxdC,eif

xagdioTcovop

avaxcog^A

+ P

ev ngoS:

:

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AB.

1 dxx<h\

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xov

iKiyQa<f>ii

ianv amrj' xsksvsi aoi 6 dvax<i>QVO0v dnd tov

2 avza

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d-sog d^Qaafx, xal 6 d-{ed)^

6 d-sdg laxm^,

ical

P

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pro svOvQ dvax(oQ<o praebet textum hunc; epcsTS-ev dvct-

Rec, B.

e=^

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d-r^asL LP: X&qx^ P i/xn^oGQ-i^atg H, i^nQoa^Qaiq L,

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xaXovfiai, dvajtvocav xotg vrjjtlocg sfiJtoim,

26.

24, o eixo-

yovaxa xaM^oyiai

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adv xtg ygdipst slgxdQxrjV. >*Ppovvr]^i^?.< svO-vg

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dvax(OQw.^

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swaxog

6

23.

»ky<h xalovfiai MagdEQco, sjiKpigo) Jivgexovg dviatovq] xal iv

s<pr}'

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atoixeta

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= Recc.

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4) et Nad^dd'O)

(1.

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AB. § 23. (90) 3 c^jt? d /^ H MaQd^QO) (xov ^vovvtj^l^X (11. 5 6) tr. P iyw icaXov^ai Ma^de^o) P: .

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.

I

^345) y^dxpjj Eig xd^zi^v ^t^klov acprjv^Q^ Qa<pa)iX, dvax(t*QT]/z^p [dvaxcoQTj/xev Fl), avgov SovQov, xal xw zqccx^Xoj ne^tdipis ^ ^ avS'vg P: evd'iwg L,

—H

5 § 24. (91) 'Py^ Nad-wS-o) H: vawS- P

.

fiaazat^st

ego:

liiXdS-

P

I

xal ZQaxdXiv

vad-ad-^ .

H

(1.

9) et

{-\-

H

avz<b)

H:

P

iniyi)d\pri P H: (pvovvi<pa^X

P

7 § 25. (92) 'Pv^ Avdafietod. ^aiovwS[x^

arprig

.

^ccl

P

|

vfjnioig

L,

(pvovvo^o-qoX,

d

L: naiolv P,

—H

xp' pro 6 xy* posito b xy* cf.

supra I

'Pvf Aldafi.

.

.

27) omitteri videtur

H: ^tf

\

tr.

^e^eX^e

^Pv^ ^AXd^

H

|

y^dtpei

|

iniyQaxpy

dXdd-, xal zw zQaxiiXm nsQidipy P 9 * =i Rec. A. 10 § 26. rfeyr. dvaxot^o) .

'H

10— 11)

(11.

QOQ^^ Slw^ov ov

MSS HL

xa

"Pv^

|

8 dvanvotav P: dlanna H,

xal ^aox.' ^a^tde^lg L,

y^axp.

|

slg xd^xrjv H-. eig x^9'

|

cV/j?/

.

L

xaXovfiai,

d-co

X(bv drd-^. P: rcwv dv

|

G

^vovvTjp.

^^^ 6 dXdd- H, p2| 6Xd& L, dXdd' P

dvCGTiVia L, pr. prjx^ ardtiSi

Qt^lva d-d'

eyo) I

xal eig zd yovaza

[

L, rov dv{S'Q(bn)ov

{d-Q(b7i)a)

zlov L, iv xd^t^

.

E(pr]

I

H

f.

eig

.

.

24^

P, errore

sectiones 26 et 25

avfiadeoiB- (ante xaXovfxai)

L

^a-

.

xa()Ti/v

11

Mg tr.

6

H,

;fff()-

dvaxoiQOf H:

^«v r/^ ygdipei ^dit.wd' xaXovf^at idv ztjg y^dyjet pai^wO- xal paoid^si dvaxat^ti* ozi xaQ6i6novog inif/niaei xal nsfino) L <J/07t.

.

.

.

MSS HLP

=

Recc.

AB.

§ 27. (93)

fxav&adu) L, ^v^ avS-ddtjg H, vE(pd-a6d P

12

e(pt]

6 xy

K

\

"Pb^ Mavd^.: ^l^


XVIII,

27— 33

avaxwgm.t

Gvd'vg

QvQirjXi^

v2^

57*

axoix^Xa

mv

:;toico,

Jtlevgag

aXyslv

aJto jckolov aOroxriCavtog'

sv&vg dvaxcoQi^*^ *

**

29.

rtq yQaipei' >IacoO-j

rsraQvog xal slxoOrog

o

28.

^Pv^ ^Axrovfie xaXovfiai.

ygatpEt sv t,

Xc,'

V£g)Qovg akyelv

xaXovfiai.

^aJ(5

nym

xa

>aeQlov MagfiaQacad-j^

o jtifiJtrog xal slxoorog

»eyco

Bg)i]'

^sOsig xal :itvQc66aig elg dJcZayx^^ ava-

'Pu^ ^Avaxokd- xaXovjiai.

sav axovCco' ^agaga agag'fi< svO^g apaxoygS.^

CtiXXo).

ecp?]'

iav xtg

Jtotco,

30. o

'Evavd-a xaXovfiai, q)givag hrog xal slxoorog £g)rj' ^eyw ^Pt5g htoxXsJcrw xal xagdlag aXXotm, hav xig ygdy)et' >KaXa^a^X,< svdig dpaxc()g<^^^

^

lav rig ogxlost

slxoorog

efidofiog xal

o

31.

Pv^

^syo)

eq)7]'

vjtsxrixovg jroico avO-gdjtovg xal alfioggoovg, slg olvov * axgarov xal ddosi ra> Jtdoxovtc,

xaXovfiat.

^A^rjO^vd'

i

/is

ev&vg avaxo!)gco,«

V

32.

ayQVJtvlag

\

oydoog xal slxoOrog

fei rotg xgoraq)Oig,

orog

MSS HLP =1

AB.

Recc.

H:

OvQiTjX

!/act>^,

cad)S^

1

+ Hal

noici):

oQi^X L,

xaaaixiiQivoVj lad^ibd; oi}QOv^X, v6<pS^a6a

H- Siio^ov

(in

xal TtSQidip^

toj layjio

P

P

nhaX <)

marg. dextr.

2 § 28. (94)

I

|

y^dxpei:

~

L

avQayyiGfiovg ovQ(t)v invceXii}

Q^^ axzovfXB H, ^^t| xxov^e L^ axxov (xkv P, transversa linea deletum P i/xnotio H nXsvQag xal "ipoaq P ^^" vX^ P: oHo H, i^Xlo) L, ^^^ ylvipTj P x^^^^^ ^ 3 ^yo)

IV^ 6 x6 Yi

4:

skaiov xad-agov rgsig

slg

Xafivbv

slg

xal jtsgid-

firjrgofiavlag snt7cifiX(X)

sav rtg

Jt:oico,

g)p?]6iOfi6g,<

33. 6 svvarog xal slxo"

dvaxcogS,<^

'Avoortjg xaXovfiai,

r^ xvOtsi

xal Jtovovg sv

I

svd"vg

Pv^

^sya>

sq)r}'

»Eyd> ^Pv^lijid^ xaXovfiac.

sq)?]'

sav rig yga^st >x6x'

sJtiJtsfi:n:a).

|

+

|

1

olsqIov dnonXov. ov daxoXLaavxoq H MaQfi. H: dgviov fiaQfza^aa)8; aa^awQ-j axtov fxsv dlco^ovj xal neQidxpfj toj 5 * Mc explicit in media col. cod. ms. L (f. 18^2) lcxl(p P

Svq

h

KTtd TiX. daxox* P:

I

MSS HP

=

7

AB.

Recc.

^iastq X. TtvQBGsiq

aQuga x«^a(>a P § 30. (1. vwddv) Tcotw P 1

^

H

tov

* I

i&v

f.

24^

§ 32. (98)

14

I

'Pt'l

P,

imnsfiTtQ):

versa linea deleta

P

P

* *

f

P

.

|

6 ^Pb^

H:

P

j

xa onX. anoaxeXXu) P 9 ^XXoiio ivevov& P

slq

8 'Pv^ d 'Ev.: KaXa^ai^XJi: aXXa^O(oX^ dlco^ov ivevovO-, xal

(96) |

17^

H: ^/)^ P 11 alP 1^ xiq ygdrpec rfotaft H: xaxa zov kvSexd-

Evmdn RxQaxov P oQx'ifyi oe xaxh xov kvdexdxov |

Xiymv

xal 6dq noietv

xdx ,., nsQidxp^

dax^^H

olv.

I

alcbvoq Crtr)

5

nvQajasiq

x,

1^ § S^- (97) '^^^ 'A^^a^vS{aifiOQQaylaq conj. Bn) noio}

aifxoQaalaq

H

(1.

d^taxpO-id;

I

P

rdv x^Q'^nv

TteQidtp^

fiOQoovq H,

§ 29. (95)

H, xavasig

xal voSov

|

(1.

TCistv Crtr)

ygdip^'P lb dygvnvoTiviaqP P "Avoax^g P: 17 W|

kTtal H: ctV^ralP

—H -\-

16

§ 33- (99)

idv xiq ygatpy xbx'

18 xvaxei-

xi^xt]

iiov Tcavaat

P

H

|

(pvrjSiCfxdq*

elq:

ygdtpei

\

I

xal ncQidip^ trans-

H


^

58*

ta

xoxxovq

Xedvag

6dg)vrjg

XVIII, 33—40

axoix^Xa

X<;'

liymv

ejcaXsiipsi

MaQiiaQa(Dd-,< 8v&vg dvaxo^gS,^

34.

^votxoQed- xaXovfiai.

fiaxQovoOiav jtoiS.

eXaiov xal

ror

ejtaXel'ipsi

Evd^vg dvaxcoQS,<i^

5 fio7]d'6lrSj<

{rov) avxov ix^vog oariov eJti^rj^Ei

Ev&vg *

avaxcoQco.<s^

Pv^ Ix^vov

xaXovf/ai.

10 pal, fiaXd"i],< Evd"vg

Pv^

xal

^aycb

36.

efptj'

oOria lxd"6og xaraxivcov^ sdv

sl/co 'Ptjg 'AXEVQrjd- xaXovfiai,

xa ^v^ia rov

Elg

siq

csga^lfij

>X£QOv^lfij

JtQwrog xal rgtaxoordg

35.

Pu|

se/co

Eg)r]'

adv xiq fiaksl aXaq

liymV

dad-Evriv

Osxara rov

>6QxlC,a)

o rgiaxoOtog

rig

:7cd<Sxovxoqj

dEvxEQog xal XQiaxo6xbg

eg)7]' >Eym VEVQa nagaXvm, * aav 6e axovOco' >A6o}'

avaxcoQm^^

XQixogxai XQtaxo6xbg

37. o

av

'Axcoveco^ xaXovfiai.

sdv xtg alg (pvXXa xiCCov ygd^Ei'

jtaQiod-filoig otovov jtotS.

£g)7]'

(pagvyyi xal xolg

r<p

>X6i-

xovQyog< fioxQvdbv ^dvaxcoQlg,^ av&vg avaxcogS,^ 38, *0 XExagrog xal xgiaxoCxog E(pri' ^sycb ^Pvg Avxa)d- xaxal xal

ygag)6fCEvov.^

/9'

xaxagyai

<pd-6vovg g)lXcov xal fidxctg Jtoico.

^5 Xovfiai,

'Pt)|

39.

xaXov[iai'

^d-rivEthd-

xaxagyEl

MSS HP ^agad)^ H;

^aym

i<pr}*

avd-gwjcov.

6 jtoXv^tad-iig 6g)d'aXfibg kyxccgaxxofcsvog,

dh

fiE

jtdvxa

^acxaivo)

dh xb a'

fiE

xal rgiaxocxog

jtafcjtxog

= Recc.

AB. 1 leojvaq navaov P

fia^f^ccQao),

H

8&<pvriQ

avoax^^ P

a^-

]

^Pv^ ^vaix.

§ 34. (100)

|

2

.

.

40.

MaQ-

^o^d-Hxe

.

W|

^vaix. H: fj ndaxovToq (11. 6—7) tr. P dad-Ev^v H: elg sXaiov ^aXatv akaq 3 paXsL {^aXetv ms.) . 4 osgatplfi' x^QO^P^f^' porjS^aaxi fioiY TQinxdv iitaXElipTi xbv x&fivovxa P sectiones 35 et H 'Pv^ "AX. H: aXXe^oQlQ- P 5 § 35- (3O 6 ^yo> ndaxov7 daxia xaxanivcov ego xaxanLvEiv H 34 tr. P, V, supra xoq: itkv xig vvxxo<payi^Gri (sub v linea brevi ducta supra eandem ri ponit ms.; in marg. lat. Ix^o scr. man. prim.) Soxiov xaxamrj, xal agag datiov d%b 9 'Pv^ 8 * H f. 25^ xov Ix&iog ^^oaet P /9^?ta H § 36. (102) * P f. 18^ xal avvxgi^o) P P naQaXvo) P: naXLu) H, Ix^vog H 5) et "Ph^

(1.

<f>r]aixighS-

"AXsvQld-

.

.

.

]

P

.

.

|

|

.

:

|

1

— I

(Jfi I

'Adcovat, I

.

|

+

I

P

.

H:

f^dxe^r)

ddova?)^^

i

P

fioi^d-ei

10

§ 37- (^os)

iv noim: iv xoig onaQ'Pv^ 'Axo)v. H: dyxovlwv P 12 iav tpoLQayyiK naQL^fxloii; ydvoiQ xal iv zip <pdQvyyt xeXfiai^ naQa %v dvaxoi^lg H: xal Mv xig slq <pvXXa avx^g ygdtp^' Xvxovgyog, ygafXfia {ivnagd' ivyQafi^d ms.), ygd-ipri Sh ^mxQvdbv (in marg. ^o <) P

II xal

P

.

|

.

,

H

|

\

.

,

I

h

.

13 dvaxo>Q(b: 4- Xvxovgyoq vxovQyoq- xovQyoc,* ovgyog* ybg' 8e P 15 fd-ov. noiat P AvzojO- H: avxoS-iS- P § 38. (104) 14 'Pu^ Sk yga<p, H: ovv xb RX<pa xaxaq. fxe: xaxagyovfiai H X. ixdyag P 17 x. 'Pv^ ^^;/v.: ^B-ijvod16 § 39. (105) xal xb d>niya ygatpofiEva P dtp&aXr. ovv 6h 18 xax. f^e: xaxagyovf^ai H Ttavzl dv[d-Q(bn)<p P ivxcci^axxdfisvov H d(p^aX^dg TtoXvna^ffg P § 40. (106)

I

.

|

|

.

.

]

I

|

|

.

,

.


XVIII,

40—XIX,

2

7)

hxoq xal TQcaxoarog

66^a xov SoXofx&vtoQ

oixovg

rov vaov rov

iqiB^d^ai slg

avO'Q<Ajta)V

xal

3tdprsg

^aCtlElg jiQog

ol

=

MSS HP P

r

&^avit,(o:

H

f.

-\~

AB.

1

i,ovTag

s^ya corr.

Ql(p

d-eov

fce,

ov

^aXxov

B

=! Rec.

5

;c.

P

4 ^yw

—P

ixek.. isesX, de

pro § 42 textum interpolatum

UQoq

|

I

|

P \ § 41. (107) vaa> rov S-sov P

7i^oar,v^dfZ7]v

xaX riQXOvro

2.

rov vaov rov

ical

glqSov' dvaad-

firiXzib'

I

scvqiov

xbv d-sov wots tovq

P

|

|

* |

6

Mg

1348

tpeQeiv

praebet hunc:

^'^to

daifzovag

|

H:

xofil-

§ 42.

xal

ro-

teal

ifiTCoSi-

T^v avd-^wTtoTTjra avfiTiodi^eaO-ai xal ?rpoae()X£<^at sk tdv vadv xov rovg f^sv xmv daifiovcov starsxQiva s^yd^saQ-ai zd ^a^sa

§ 43. iyo) 6e

d'sov.

\

evd-vvovCa,

'Ph^ ego: x^P^S H, P Miavh^i ^ta2 innpd^, P: 4^d-6fisvov H i^i^f^ovg H daa aXXa votavta P P 3 rotg ovrmg: avxov P

Recc.

seal

25V

MS P ht

rjv

d-EooQ^cai

tov a(bfiaxoq P

1

^stv iv tip

'

fis

%Qv6iop xal dgyvgiop exofit^op JtQog

nov ixelvov

''

dvd'Qtoototritt JtgoG-

^aCiXeia fiov

ri

<pxo66(iovp, xal

vaxlQ-

t^

d^sov,

syo)

7Jfif]v

rov d-eov,

I

42. xal fjv^dfcrjv

Tfjg

UoXoiimv rifzcafisvog vjco Jtdvrcov rmv rcov vjtoxdro) rov ovQavov, xal cpxodojiovv rov vaov

XIX. Kal

*

sdv teg

y^g xal sxeJtQog rov d-eov rovg

e^ dalfiovag rovg efi^todi^ovrag

ixQidxovta

f

rS

xaXovfiai.

dg^avl^o).

rov d-sov rov ovgapov xal

UoXoficop ido^aaa

X8v6a avTOvg v6a)Q g)£Qsiv.

10

MiavW

ddgxag

rov oixov ovrcag' * >fi£Xjtco dgdad rov rojtov,^ * 41. xal ravra dxovOag syco

avadd',< q)6vyco iyco 5

£Q7]fico'

EV rotg jtQod'VQoig

ygd'^BL

i

^iyco xal ^Pv^

eqit}'

0(hiiati £Jtlg)d'0v6g elfir

59*

rov vaov tov deov' rovg dh g)QOV^alg (Fl, ex yjQovgovg § 44. ste^ovg nvQoiiaxaXv ixiXsvaa XQvaicp xal dQyv: xal <pidX(i) Tia^axad-s^EOd-ai, xal toXg XotnoZg Salfioai tQd-

trig obcoSof^rjg

ms.) xatsxXsiaa:

xal (jLoXv^6(a

Tcovg fjtoifiaadac ^<p^ olg dtpeiXovat xataxXetad-fjvai.

C.

=

H

MS

A

Rec.

MS P

XIX.

:=^

in § 42 brevem textum praebet.

Rec.

B

pro

c.

XIX,

II.

9— p.

60*, 4, textum interpolatum

Kal slxov noXX^v ijavxlav iyo) ooXo^ibv {in raarg. inf. add. faai7,evg ms.) iv nda^ (f. 18^ t^ y^ xal iv ecQirjvy dif^yov noXXy, tifitb^svog VTcd Ttdvtwv 0Lv(d'Q(b7i)o}v xal xmv vnb twv ovQav&v, xal (pxodofiovv tov vaov praebet hunc; (108)

xal ^ ^aaiXeia fj.ov ^v evdvvovaa xal 6 atQatog fxov xal Xoinbv dvenavaato fi noXig i{sgovaa)X^/j. xcclQovaa xal kyaX-

dXov xvQLOv tov d-eov,

P ;

fxst

ifiov,

ol paaiXEtg xvg yt^g ViQXOVto ngog ^e ditb t&v tdv vadv dv toxoSofiovv x{vQL)(p to) d[e)ipj xal ixovaavtsg t^v oocpiav t^v dodeZaav fioi n^oaexvvovv (xoi elg tdv vaov XQvalov xal d^yv^iov, xal Xtdovq tifilovg noXXovg SLa<p6Q0vq, xal xaXxbv xal (xot aldfjQOV, xal fioXt^Sov, xal ^Xa xedQtva, xal ^vXa aorjuta nQoaifpe^Sv XtCDfiEV^.

§

nsQdtwv

tfjg

slg

2.

xal anavtsg

yfjg

S-EQ)^f]<fat

t^v xataaxev^v tov vaov tov dsov.

MS

H.

§

I.

1.

10

ixo6d)fiOvv ms.


6o* re

ysQO)V

^ai

at6t]Qov

xal

[loXv^dov

xaraCxEv^v rov vaov.

sv

3.

Yoi]g vjiaQxovCa JtolX^

r^

2—XX, 4

XIX,

6 vldg avxov

seal

§vka JtQOOag)SQOV

xal

olg xal

tj

2a^a

stq

ffaCiXiaoa

ttjv

Norov

(pgovrjCet rjld^s xal JtQo^ExvvrjOEV hv6-

JtlOP fiov.

XX, Kal

5

idov siq rcov rsxvtvSv yrjQaiog £QQty)£V avrov hvcaXiycov i>^aotXBv UoXoiicov vlog Javaid, eXdrjaop fis to

Jtiov (lov

xal alxov avxm' ^Xiya^ ytQop,

yegag,^

>6aofial aov^

d^iXatg,^

Cxrjv * vfigaig hnayai [lot x«^e:7r«?, arvjiva fiov JO

xal

xTiv

yag xo JtQoacojtov

oxi d^avaxov nixQov ajtayyiXat

xa<paXriv,

o 6e s^r/'

2,

vlov e^o) fiovoyavrj^ xal ovrog xad-' hxa-

^aCiXav,

fiot JtoiTJaai.

Tovxov x^Q^^ JcgoCriXd-ov tva axdix^a^g (loi.^ 3. aycl) 6a xavza axovCag axaXavoa ayayalv ifiol xhv vlov avrov. xovxov 6a aX~ d-ovrog ELJtov * avxm' ^ovxa)g axaig;<i 4. 6 6e Bg)r}' ^acog axovolag

efiJtajcXf]6fiai,

XLva^at,

^5

MS noXXy

P

I'Xacog fiot

yavov,

=

§ 3.

Rec. B,

Scxa rov yavvrixoga

fiacfiXav,

fiov jiaXafi'^

yag dxov6at

ad-afiixov

a> fiaCiXav'

xoc-

olg Tcal ^aalXiaaa vozov yoijg vna^x^"^^^

iv

^'^

(p^ovrjoet fjXS-ev xal Tcgoasxvvriaev ivojniov fzov inl r?)v yj^v, xal ascov-

aaaa r^v ao<plav ra

doxL/jtaalav

aocplaq iiov ndvta,

c.

XX

v. infra in

P vnagx^ ^

1

ovv avrov dvaaxilvat xal

ovxmq P

xaO-^ ex.

(scil.

I

exvTCxs ego: ^xvtpov

10 xe^aXrjv P

yeXsxai

—P

P

«^t^v xar^ r^v

do-

noifjoat

P

7]fX6Qav)

P

IV.

P

*

fzov

Srt: xal

|

11 xovxov

P 1

—P |

f^fisQatg ixelvaiq

.

P

H

James

fze: fiov conj.

|

Xiye: sItcs

|

H, xal xvipaq P

fxov SisxiXXev

|

c.

alnov avx, ego:

x.

(prialv

D

(no) 5 l6ov iv xaXq

6 vloq J.

yriQaibq x^v rjXixiav 6xL ytiQaibq

ms.

= Recc. AB.

MSS HP

XX.

C.

olq xal idoxifxaas

iv

^Saa iao<piadfX7]v

xal ndvxeq v\ol i(aQa)^X iSS^aoav xbv S-eov.

B-etGav fioi ao<plav: Parallela ad

iSo^aae rov d-edv rov l{aQa)riX'

(xov

xijg

xo

ysQ.'.

slnov a\)idv H, xeXavaaq

P

§ 2.

|

f ig'^ .

nQoawn.'.

TtQoa,

.

.

.

H

8 £/a>v

inaydyTj fiovH

|

^e xaxa mxgdv. Ttovtjgdv P

.

.

|

|

x.

|

tiqoo. |

|

\

P

inay-

^oi\ Tigoslrjfxoi

(sic,

P exdtxi^o^q conj. James: 12 dxovaaq xaxevvyTjv dnoixdixTJq alq 'B. aoXofzwv P § 3. (m) 6h\ dyayelv ego: dyyayhv H, dx^^vat P fiXeyjaq stq x6 ixalvov yfJQaq, xal P xovxov sxat-q' xov 6h dxO-evxoq i7ieQ(bTovv avxov at ovxwq ^/fi P 13 § 4. o 6s S(p7jv a, o 6h v£oq a<p7} P TtQOolri^ai'^ Fl;

1.

TtQoaeifXi) v/nlv, ixSlxrjoov fxs

|

+

\

|

.

.

.

I

MS P => Rec. B pro eoiq xaXatnOQiav (11. 13 p. 61*, 1) textum interpolatum praebet hunc: ovx omcoq dnovola iy(i> ifXTtenXriOfjievoq waxe xov ysvv-^xOQd fxov 7i[avs)Qa naXd^^ xvipac. ^lXe<oq yevov (XOl paoiXsvq {q finali transversa linea deleta). ov yid^) dd-ifzixa xoiavxa xexoXfZijxa 6 xaXatTtOQOq iyd) MS H Rec. A. 15 dd-ifiLXOv ego: dS-^q fioi xdv H .

=

.

.


4— 10

XX,

^ nQdyvmoiQ xov ^O^vlov

avxriv Jtaga^oXr^v xal taZaiJioQiav,^

top

veov dxovdag jcaQsxaXovv

ovx ^d-^Xsv aXX

Se

6e

7.

[

ifih

6id os

Tov rovtov vtov 6x1 (iexa XQetg ^/leQag xsd-vi^^exatj xal l6ov

aXfid-Sg *

avxov xaxwg aveXstv,^

ovxmg

xovxov

10. * 15

vlov Oov code A

(

T,

=

MSS HP P

xw

jigsc^vx^'

AB.

Recc.

1 §

P

5.

V

ovv. 6b

t.

\

vsov

HP: svvoiav

^evvoiav

|

xov vlov r^v ditoXoylav P

= Rec. B

MS P

^fiEQag xgetg ayaya fiot

*fied-^

3 aXX'

pro § 6 textum praebet

TtQSO^vxBQOV sfjCSkXov X(p

yEl&vxa'

xov 6alfA0va

xavr* ax, Ttaga

ax:,

James iXd^sZv avt.: aXXa fxctXXov

conj.

.

.

.

|

ve(j)

liuiic

iv 6s X(p

:

iSvfiwS'Tjv fisydkwq dia xo

fi^ nelQ'SGB'ai

xov 6b dx^^vxoq{M.g 1349)

xov

xal ^B(j>QiiOaq dgvlav

xifico^iaQ a7to<p^vaad-ar

yeXdaai xov 6alfiova

ivat-

dx^vai xov

xal xovxovg fXExaaxfjaai ixeXsvaa o^viav slg fisaov

fj.ov'

xov

P

d-avaro)&^TW

§^(jLaxoq.

xal

9.

jtQoOxvv^Cavxeg avEicogriCav,

ol 6e

2 Tt^so^vxeQOv

xal 6sxsaB-ai

nibv

^aOLXsv,<

^>vai,

sl:n:6'

^fj

xov dalfiova xal aXd-elv xov yigovxa xal xal kxiXEvCa avxovg slg g)iXiav yeviod^ai,

vlov,

xai eIjiov

viov

dalfiwv

sxsc;^

xal syat elnov'

8.

fiExadx^vai

hciXEvCa

xov

:

^aOcXsv' ov

^diofiai aov,

sg)?}'

dXlh 6ia xov 6v6t7jvov y^Qovxa xal xov ad^Xtov veov,

lyilaca,

100 ysQcov ^ovXexat \

6

^d'avarcoadro) avrov.

eIjib'

ExiXavaa top ^Ogviap eXd^Blv xal djtov avrtp' ^xazTjQafiips,

jtQocfEyi2.a0ag;^

*

evvotav eXdeiv.

Xictv

5 d"rji'

\

ovv 2JoXo(imv zov

eyco

5.

XQe(SfivT7]v alg

Kal d-scogSv xov daifiova OQviav yeXaaavTa iym id'Vfico8V x^ yeXaOai avrov evcijtiov fiov, xal rovrov [iSTaOrrj-

6.

Gaq,

6l*

avtaj' inixaxd^aXE, xl fiB n^oaxiav

^B<priv

iyeXaaag;

MS ccvzdv

H=

H

=

MSS HP 9

*

H f.

Rec. A.

§

4

6.

d'eopo)

H

27^

H

xal iv d(j)Qla xExBXsvxi^aBi 6 vidg avxov

=

Rec.

axovaag xavxa'

Uyer

d?^i]0-7j

B

B(prjv

P

.

10

§ 8 textum praebet hunc: Ttgdg 6atfi6viov' dXri^ bIoiv

xd

(*

ms.

Q

tbtff

Recc.

(cc.

T.

HI

ao?^Of/,ibv

19^) a Aeyftg; d 6e

f.

AB.

15

14

+

12

iXQ-Btv

ndXcv

slg (piX. yev.; <piXla

|

naQaaxo^BVog P

* § 10.

"*

post omissionem

omissis, v. supra p. 16*)

]

xal 6iaxd^a) avxov Q, B: xal TtQooaexvvi]aav H

vlov aov B,

ot 6e tcqooxvv.

V

—XX 9

I

P

6h

8 textum breviorem praebet.

slg x^0(p9jv avxoZg

=

MSS HPQ B

iycj

(112)

xavxa, ^aaiXBv

XQuni^vaiy xal

aircov

avxov P

s^axoig dvaiQEtv

11 § 9. xal dxovaag iyu) P toy yriQaibv (ZBxa xal xov vlov avxov P 13 xat

ovv

XQBiq fjfxs^ag

xed-v.:

.

.

|

in

MS H =5 Rec. A in § MSS HP = Recc. AB.

sus incipit

5 avxip ego:

8 xovxov xbv 6vax. P

AB. 6 § 7. 6e: daificov P xovx. vlov: vlov avxojv fiBxd

Recc. T.

I

MS P

H H

ysXdaaavxa

|

xaxi^gafievE vel xaxEiQptivB ego: xaxBQBLfxsvs

I

maximam bic rurBbtov H: Blnov

x,

+

xal iTCivoovfiai


62*

XX, ii— r6

^ nQoyvwaiq zov ^Oqvlov

Kal exsXsv^a avrS' '^Xeye fioi

II.

jtov

gag Tsd-vi^^srai o

rbv Ogviav

jtaXtv ayayElv

xovro

jtod'Bv

6b

12.

V£og.<s^

on

oldag

<5v

Bq>i]'

Jtgog

xal

fiB

el"

fCETa rgstg ^fii-

dalfiovsg dveg-

^'^fietg 01

rov oregedfiarog rov ovgavov xal fiB6ov tcov aOrgoav xal axovojiBV rag axoq)a6Big * * rag B^Bgxofievag djtb

XOfiBd-a BJtl 5

tjtrafiEd-a

rov

rag tpv^ag tdav av&ga>Jt(X)V.

d'Bov Bjrl

fiBd-a

13.

xal bItb bv dwaOTBia, bItb bv Jtvgl,

^xal XotJtov hg^b-

bLxb hv gofig)ala, bits

BV <tvfiJtT(6fiaTi iiBxaOxri^att^o^BVoi dvaigovfiBVA^

gmTi]Ga avrov' ^keyB 10

fioi

ovv Jtwg

vftslg

oprBg.<i^

15.

vbv dva^aivBtv dalfiovBg

ovgavS

ovrcog xal

sjzirBZovvraj

B^ovoiac * xal

6vvafiBLg

gavov a^tovvrai.

BJtl

xal

EJtrj-

6b

Bq)j]

r^jg yijg,

^ooa bp

fiot'

yag

at

dg^cxl xal

avco tjtravrat xal t^^ bIo66ov tov ov-

16, ?]fiBZg 6b oc 6alfiovBg

dTovov/iev

/ir]

sxovrBg

^

MSS HPQ

14.

dvvaad-B Big rbv ovga-

Recc. AB. (113) 1 Kal Q: H, rovt(ov 6h dTtskS-ovtcDv P H: ndXiv SxsL iXS^sTv tiqoq fxe tbv Saifiovav ^O^viav Q, ixek. slnov^avx. HP: Xiym ngbq avzdv Q siq fiBOov ax^fjvai tov dQvlav P vsoq H: ov za fzsXXovxa yiVihaxsiQ Q, av xavxa oUaq P 3 § 12. 2 zovto 4 inl x. cxbq* H; xaxd. «vep;^OiMfvoi H y<p7j H: elnev P, Xiyei fioi Q * H f. 27^ doxsQwv B 5 iTCxafi, B: aTtxwfiied-a H xb GX8QB0){xa B ** Q f. 12^ P, n^bq xovq ctyyekovq Q ttTib T. ^. H: naQci d-eov Q, 1

is<eX.

... (Ue

|

.

.

.

|

I

]

I

|

+

H

=

PQ

glossam hanc; xal idv xcq dxcod-dv^ iv dw^lcc

A

Rec. pro § 13 textum praebet hunc: xal iQXO^eO-a fxsxa dv MS vaoxelaq' elxe QO(x(pala eIxe iv tivqI' xal avcQOVfiev avtovq fXExaaxrifx, post dvaiQOvRec. B. MSS PQ 6 § 13. iQxoiied-a elq x^jv y^jv Q

=

fxev add.

xivh xal iav oi dalf^ovsq

(+

eIq

TtlvTjq

^ii^ xivl {xal

.

.

,

^ ^ia xivl dnoS-, P), fiEzafioQ(povfZ£d'a fifieiq xb ovofia xov XEd^Eoxoq, Q) Saxe 7iaQa(paivEa^aL {(patv, P)

fi^ iv

dv^Qa)7ioiq

xoXq

|

jj

dcDQia

xlq^

xal ai^ead-at

(+

r/fxaq

iitl

xfjq

ex xoiq corx.

dvd-Qo)-

(fvaecoq P)

MSS HPQ => Recc. AB. 8 § 14. i£. in. avxov H: (114) iyo) 6e [iyo) yovv P) xavxa dxovoaq idd^aaa xvqlov xbv d-sbv xal iit. ndXiv rbv dalfiova B B ovxsq: -\~ xal fisaov xwv dax§^a>v 10 dvap/^vaiB 9 ovv et vfxetq

\

xal xSiV ayltav dyyiXoiv fxiy^vai

MSS PQ

= Rec. B

B

pro ovxcaq

§ 15. fioi

|

.

.

.

dvanavOEwq

ov%Q)q xal inl xf^q yrjq [pi inl yJ^qQ) ol xvnoi oiaij

xoGiioxQoxOQBq

(*

P

f.

20^).

B (p.

avx&v

63*,

1.

eIoIv

1) praebent haec:

yd^

dgx^l'^

xal Inxd^sd^a ^{xeXq ol Salfiovsq iv

i^ov

xS> digi

xal dxovofJLEV TCOV iitov^avicov xdq (pcovdq xal (+ ndaaq P) xdq (-h inovQa' v'laq Q) dvvdfXELq d-eco^ov/jtev {imS-scoQ.'P)' xal wq fx^ ^sxovxeq pdaiv dvaitavG£Q}q dx()VOVfl£V

MS H (cf.

Rec.

B

§ 15.

=

Eph.

I

H

13 § 16. dxovovfiev 12 "nxavxai ego: ^xxavxe ahxbv ovv f^hv H, forte 1. dxovOfiEV, ^^ 6s ^Exovrsq

Rec. A.

supra):

21; II 2


—21

XX, i6

^aCiv ^dva^adecog

siolv

aCTEQsg

5

r^

xavra dxovoaq

xal

18.

Mera

eha

kXd-Eiv,

20. xal eIjiov avxat'

kxiXEvoa tov daifiova

3taQa<pvXdxxa).^ 6x1

71^0%

ol

xrj-

(h

l/co

xsd^Xtfifisvov xal

^Jtov ecrcp 6 vlog oov, yigop;^

dpEkJtcGxog

xal

^aCiXsVy

* XaXr^^EPxa (zoi

xa Jtaga xov dalfiopog xov ovgapov xal xrjg yrjg. *

sdo^aOa xop d-EOP

Recc.

AB.

nlTttovrsg 2 doxovaiv ol P) aaxsQEg Tt'ntxovaiv .

.

.

xa(p(p

xavxa xal

6e JSoXcjiSp dxovcfag

eIoc

dXrjd^?]

MSS HPQ =^

21.

avxov

Etda

EXd-cop,

^ajtaig EyEPOfirjp,

6e E^f]'

I

ifiJtvQl^ofiEP,

6h rag jievte rjfiEQag [lEraxaXEOafiEVog xov ysgovxa

ovx tJ&s^.ev

xilov 5

EoXonwv

e/<b

Mvd-ovpxa.

'

i

dygovq

p£f(J^a« %a)q i^fiEQSv jievte.

19.

1

^fiSv xal Iv

dcxEQEg TOV ovgavov tE&sfishmfiEvoc eIcIv ev xq) ctEQEcofiari.^

6h

I

ovx ovvcog

ly.

JtljurofiEV dia rf^v dcd^Evetav

jtoXEcg xarag^ZEyofiEV xal

xal

y^v,

d-soQovvreg avd-QWJtoc ore

tov ovQavov,

ajzo

e^eiv avrl/tTj^piv xataxl:^rofiEv cog dargajtal eju

(irj6a(i6&ev

trjp

dkXa

63^

xal exjtljtrofzep Scjieq q>vXXa

,

xal 6oxov0iv ol

jiijctovrEq

ol

* ^aCiXsVj

kzij

avccjravdswc

i]'^

tmv divdgwv

ajto

Ti^oyvoxTig xov ^Ogvlov

7j

H

.

d-scagovvrsq r^f^ag

B

3 § 17. ov/ c5 ^aa. P 4 * H f. 28^ ovx ^^o>e e^^^"^ ^^ ?>"• ^^^' ^ aU' ^fiEig iaf^sv. xal ninxofjisv inl r^v yfjv 6ia. Q 5 pLri6afj.6&sv B: fi^ avriXrjip.: avciXeysLV Q nlTiTO)6vvdfied-a H l/fiv HPIs: exfJf^Ev Q

{+

6oxovatv 8rt

hfO-QOi-Jtot

ol

ovtmg iarl:

|

|

|

|

H

|

H: iv awQia (tcoXX^ ex jtoXXf^g corr. add. P) xal i^dB xsS-s/zsX. TtLva [ai(pV7iSiQ}g Q) B xov 'ovgavov 1 6s HQ: yaQ P HPIs: xe S-^fxsXoi Zfioiov P axEQBOfi. H: oi)Qavq> Sansg d ^Xiog xal ^

fxev

I

inl

r. yj^v

|

|

|

B

aeX-^vij e'

B

8 §

10

§ 19.

+

18. (115)

9 ^iiBQatg

iisxa Sh^fi.l'

^dfiTCgoad-ev fiov

6

ikd-(jDV

dh

sXd-oiv

TtQog

xdv

.

TtdvxE: <pQovgEC<jQ-ai r. 6ai(x. ^dxQt i^fxeg&v

.

H

I

insxaXeadfifiv

Q, 4- VifieXXov igcoxdv P

ysgav Ttgog fie

.

H fxe

d avd^Qo^Ttog

yigovxa H: yriQaibv B, nsvS-, H: 11 ovx fjS-sX.

Q

|

.

.

.

xaxcc Ttevd'Og xal fxsXavw xip nQoad)no) P,

xaxa ndvd-og xal

fj,eueXa(<f)fihcp xat

xal

Ttgoadtna)

avx^ P: avP slitov P: elna H, Xsyo) Q 12 § 20. xal B, xal %i x6 ysQov H: elnh ngso^vxa B ngog avvdv Q, 13 e<pri H: ^£(priv Q, xov ngoCwTtov aov Q) B ffZ^iWa (4- xovxo P, dvsXntaxa B w ^aa. ~- B + Uov P, idov, scvQLE, Q dnaig\ Unag H 14 naQa(pvX. egol: 'itaQaq)vX6itxBLV H, naQaxad-BC^ofiai Q, 7r«^a;«a^e^of<£Vog P, 15 dXrj§ 21. + ^^n y^Q ^piegag {ijfiEQai P) 6vo vexQov yeyovoxog B ahov Q

|

+ +

x6v H,

+

|

|

1

|

+

1

|

d-eq

d

H

elat ... ^wot: ftatv H

I

SaifKov

6gvl{ag)

t(OQa)^XV C.

XX

* \

17,

Q 1 5

P f.

1

*

H

'6(prj

f.

fiot

28^

6 6aifio)v 'Ogvlag, xal Q, (xoi ^tprjaev yfjg: 'laga^X Q, xov \Q xov

is^

Lc.

X

18 notat James.

.

.

.


.

64*

XXI, 1—4

^ ^aalXtaaa Notov

XXI. Eal JSa^a 1^ ffaolXicSOa Notov ed-avfiaCa xal dds rov vaov ov cpxodofeovv xal e^coxs fivglovg * * olykovg x^^^^ovg. 2, xal slo^kd'av slq xov vaov xal aide to d-vaiaCri^Qiop xal ta X^QOv^lfi xal ra asga^lfi xaraoxia^ovta xo llaar^gtov xal rovg 5

xmv Xvxvmv

Siaxoalovg Xid-ovg

xwv Xl^mv

xal OfiaQaydwv xal vaxivd-ov

XQ(x>iiax(X)v, 7jvxvot

Oafiq)siQov.

e§a6xQajtxovxag ex dia^oqcov

xal side xa Cxsvrj xa dgyvga xal "xaXxa xal

3.

xSv xtovov

xal xag paotig

xal

;^^v(Ja

vjto x<^^^ov a2.vOi6a)xov Jts^Xsyfisvag.

d-aXadOav x^v x^^'^W ^^X^'^^^^ lm6xa%'0V xal xovg TQidxovxa eg xavQovg. 4. xal rjcav sv * xw legm xov &bov egside xal ttjv

10

^^^

evog x^(*^e

Parallela ad

— Q,

c.

XXI

ms. D c. V. =. Recc. AB,

v. infra

MSS HPQ

7j

(116)

supplevit ^ ^aa. Notov Sv t^xod* H: olxodofxovfiEvov

H:

XccXx.

xQ'^<iov

6aifi6va>v.

1 Sa^a i&avfx. xal H: paa. vorov xavxa ndvta i^avfx. So^dt^ovaa zbv d-eov t{aQa)^X xal P,

C. XXI.

iSovoa

xaXavxov

* fiia&ov

yaC,6(isvoi jtdvxeg

^s6(oxev (* *

X.

f.

2 vadv:

Is

B 20^

* j

Mg

.

+

1352

.

.

xvqIov Pj oixov xvqLov

|

Q

x. ^sScoxe [6i6a)xsv ms.)

.

|

.

olxXov XQvalov xal agyvQiov fzvgiddag exa-

sv xo) vaoj xvqLov x^^^^ov xal d^P ;f. 3 § 2. fide yvgiov xal x^xXxov ixXexxov XlxQaQ fivgiddaq q Q tAaffr. xovg dva<p6Q0vq xovg x^^^^^^Q ^''^ ^voiaaxi}Qiov B • xa, x^9' xbvt

xal ;c«Axot; ixXexxov P, ixaQlaaxo

'

'

:

H

4 xaxaaH7}al^ovxa

Q

5 Siaxoaiovg H: dva^oQOvg Q,

—P

|

|

^vyji^vtyv

H

xal Xvxvt} {Xvxvlov P) xov (1. Xvxvlxov) XiQ'Ov xal o^agdydov xal vaxtPd-ov xal aafupVQOv {aan<psigov P) B r, dgy. . x(>vff«: x. x()vffa x, {-\- xa Q) d^yvQa x, 7 § 3. eUs Q

6 XQri^dxviv

Xvxvoi

I

XaXxd

B B MSS HQ

fisvoDv

Q)

xvglov

paLOt6(bxov

xal

Q

I

.

aa^tpeiQOv.

.

.

.

I

ix Ss^fidxwv anXwftaxa '^QV&QodavofjLEva {^QvB-QTjdavoxov vaov xal (2°): pr. side Q, -\- tSe V 8 xi6v(i>v\

^vXtva

X.

.

x.

+

I

=

Q

I

Recc.

sxovaav

.

.

.

8—10

AB.

TiSTiXsyfi.:

vnb

7ts7iX.7jfj.6vag

.

.

d^sov

.

H, 7iXox^

P

8 aXvaidmov:

TtsQiTiETiXeyftivcDv

Q

9

Se

xavgovg: sxovaa axddcov x. t. At; xavQ. H, Jjv iTiolrjOa {6xovaa(v) Is) oxadlovg xal snl oxddiov xal xovg 1^

eig xo f^rjxog ^;i;ou(7a 10 § 4. ijoav kvog (1. 12): fjaav ol ^gya^6fj.Evoi slg xov xavQOvg Q vadv XVQLOV (rursus ms. P) ol TidvxEg xQvolov hvdg Q, ol navx. XQ- ^"^^^ ^ f. 29^ 11 * textum depravatum enodari non potui: ol f4.EXi]OL0i (apo.

.

.

1

'^

H

graphum incertum)

MSS HPQ xal

f^v eIq'jJvtj

T?)v yTjv

Q)

B

=

H Recc.

xvxX(p

trig

AB.

12

daifi6v(0v:

^aatXsiag fiov

+

(+ xal

tb^

xatsxgiva ipydt,eo&ai.

P) iTil Ttdarig xyg yfjg {naaav


9

1—4

XXII,

^ ^TttatoX^ 'Add^xov

6S*

XXII. ^^AjtedrsiXs dh ejnarokrjv o ^aOtXevq 'AQa^(ov i).iya)V

mvTi on 5

T>Ba6iXBvq

ovTcac,'

l6ov

laiQBtv,

'^xovaafisv

emg Sgav ZQlrrjv xal ^

dvifiov

fa^oxzslvsi avd-QcoJtovg QvdBiiia svavzLov zov daifiovog.

zo

aVEjiog iozi

avzov

JtPOTj

dvvazai

xaza

xal

6eivr]

C^rjdai jivotj

Cov ovv,

deofial

3.

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xal

!5

^eIjib ri^tv, Tcovrjgov Jtvevfta

g)7j6i'

xl^alg cov xal tig Cov

*

f.

ftrj

369^

sIqtjpi-

xoXfiwpxmp xSp

Is e 10 imriideia Is: imxiiSaLoq ms. § 2. 1. 12 ^ 13 § 3. dvvaas ms. primum omissum postea supra ^ scr. ms. 23 nXrjaitxoac Is; nXtjaiaaai ms., 1. 7i),rjataa^at^ f. 370**

I.

1.

|


92*

MS D

V ^^oyvcoaiq twv daifiovcov

6ai(i6v(X)V iifjde

to rvxov oxavdaXLcat

III,

ddiz^aai rovg

7]

8—IV,

8

dvd'Qco-

jtovq*

IV.

rov vaov oixo6ofi7jv

rfjv 5

rmv avdgcov zwv sxoptov

'Ajto 6s

axQi^rj

EUdrjCtv

cig

tjkd^sv elg sig g)iXov6txiav xal sqiv fiexa

rov vlov avTOVj xal eftaxovro dlXriXoic d^v^ov jtviovrsg dkX^2. oXoq de rov d^vftov 6 Jtarm

Xovg diaoxaga^ai ffovXofievoi. yeyovcog d^trjXd^s Jtgog xal odvQfiSv

rov Tcariga, sig rrjv

xal

wg evv^QlcavTa jtagavofiwg eig aaq)wg lo^i cog ovdsjtors xiv^am rrjv x^^Q^ * Jtal6a

xaradixaaov

Efibv ^°

paCtkia ^oXoftmvra (iBta daxQvmv ^diostora ^aOiXev' i] d^avatcp rov

toi?

ksycov avrS'

rj

rov vaov olxodofiTjVA

^ovXsvofisvogj

rjXd'S

xal

3.

6

dxovcov 6h xavxa

vlog

o

kjie

ftov

ffaCiXsvg

ixslvov jrgog top ^aotXm

xavxa ayxaXmv. xal Xiycov rw nargL 4. diaXoyt^Ofievog 6e Jtsgt^ xovxov 6 paOiXevg xal diajtogcov xi aga djtoxgtvoixo, 6xgag)sig ^5

fiXijtsi

rov 'Ogvlav 6ai[iova agyaC^ofisvov xal fistdtwvxa' xal

Xeyei

jtgog rovg xgivofzsvovg' ^djiSaxtjXE fiixgbv dot ifiovA

5.

6ravxa)v xov Ogvlav (israxaXstxai xal

avrov'

ysXag, i]

g}7]6i

Jtgog

^Ogvia; rr]v ^aCiXeiav fiov xarayaXag,

co

rov vaov

xvgLov\<i.

6.

7]

xal djto^tl

rrjv xglotv fioVj

xal o 'Ogvlag Jtgbg rov ^aCiXia

XiyBi'

20 jfdicjtoxa ^aCtXsv' 6o<pcorare xal dixaiorars 2^oXofiwv' ovxs xtjv

^a6iXelav oov xaxsyeXaCa^ ovxs Tr]v xgiotv aov, ovxs xov vaov xvgiovj

dXXa rovrovg rovg a&Xiovg rovg

xgivofisvovg, rov 6v0xr]-

vov Xsyo) ysgovxa xal xov rovxov vlov, ov (irj yag jtagsX^coCt rgslg ^fisgat xal rb rdXog diadi^srai rbv vbova 7. xai 6 ^aci-

rbv ^Ogvlav

25 Xsvg Jtgog

xal

sigydC^sro. g)7]ai

8.

C.

xad^

IV

I.

9 * f. 370^ 24 Siadi^srai f. 371^ 27 '

'Ogvlag xal *

Jtgog avrovg' ^djtsXd-ars xal sgyd^scd'e rb sgyov vficiv

rrig xglascog i5//c5v.«

rjlisgav

dJtovdrjg

fisrsxaXsOaro 6s o ^aOiXsvg rovg 6vo xgivofievovg

30 dxgi' Jtsvrs -^fisgag, xal fiera

Xog

kgyd^ov fisra

xvgtov d-sov jtavroxgd-

xal djtTJXd-sv ajtb rov ronov sxelvov

rogogA xal

Xiyst' ^dxeXd-e xal

xal vjcorayrjg slg rbv vabv

sigrjvrjg

jtoii^COfiai djtog)aCtv xal rs-

sXeys xavxa.

rjv

1.

ravra

jtgo6iraB,s 6s 6 ^aCtXsvg 6iogtoaCd^ai rrjv

4

elq

§ conj.

supplevi:

6.

Is:

1.

22

riq

Siccds^ovraL

6 § :£. oXoq Is: ZXwq ms. Svarvvov ms., dvaxvxov Is errore

conj. Is

dvOTTjvov:

ms.

§

7.

1.

25

.TtQdq

supplevi


6

MS D

IV, 9

^ Ti^oyvwaig xS>v Saifiovojv

1

UaQsXd'OvGwv ovv rmv Jtevrs

9.

ofiiidtov dg)etg <p7]0r

avTOV*

6 yigmv

daxgva

Jtgo

tSv

^rid-vrixev o kfiog vlog, rid-vrixsv, xal

ovx

6h aJtsXiJtEv sv jcevd'si ffaQvrdvw xal odvv^

sfis

hi Imgilag xal aqtoQ^rw 6T6vay(iS* ovx hi TO Jtgocwjcov exelvov d-saCoiiai. iy???

I

10

^xoiav

g)rj0t'

yag ev xojtcp

ovv ravra

10. exjtXayslg

xal

6

cpfjOi

ysgoV

orov 3tgoq to 6ov xgdxoq

^aOiXsvg' ^aJtald-e sv

II. xal Xeysc 6

riXd'a(isv,<i

avtov ovx

^Xaipa)

xarexgv^r]

rjiiigav rsd^vrjxev;^

xgitrjv ruiigav djted-avsv d<p

ifista

en yag

m r^ ^og)sga.«

a^Byyu, sv ry Oxoretv^,

o^aCilsvg

*

rjXO^ev

rjfisQ^v,

"^^^ ^aOtXia xar7jg)7ig xal OJtvd'QOJtog xal

jtQog

I

93

slg^vi;],

6 yega)v,

xvQiog de o d-sog o jrarrjg rrjg jtagaxXrj^eog xal jtagajivMa rtSv

H0o(iepa)V jtagaxaXicai oov ttjv xagdlav micd-ai. I 15

f£V7j0d-r]rc

avd'Qmjtog d-vrjtog

on

yag *

rjv.

o Cog

to

Xv-

firjxETi

avd-ga>jrog

6e

jtag

tjp^

xoivvv Xvxov, ov yag dvvCBtg ovdev

firj

ysgwv

xavxa axovoag

mv ^ovXeCatA

vlog

elg

aTcijX^EV dvaipvx^slg xrjv

xagdlav, f

12.

Kal fisxaxaXsodfievog xov Ogvlav

xov d-avaxov xov

EMyivciOxEig

OVA

i^.

ds^Ogvlag Xeyet'

'^0

^IgQifriliBv xdxo), xal

vvv

e|

elg

d-avaxov jrgo

^ 6ta Jtvgbg

slg adrjv gig}svTsg

fig

avrSv

§ 9.

Kurz

TOv ms.

man.

ogag,

(6g

vvv aov d-egd^ov14.

xdrm xoivvv

deivSg, jtdXiv dvsgxo-

15.

6t

vdaxog

7}

1.

dvd-goiJtov d-dvaxov

6ta xgrjfivov oixovofi'^Ow/zsv, ojtcpg

xSv devdgwv,

2 anvd-QmnoQ ms: |

id^q

§ II.

1.

conj. Is:

14

'^

f.

dvd-gcoJtov

xal axovdavTsg xovxg)v

xov xov

xal ayojvtC^ofisd-a Iva rj

xov xov

(lavd-dvofiEv

TjfiEgmv^

xiva eg gvtou fisgtda,

^vXXa aTto

prim.

jt egixelfievoi,

xal oxoxog,

16.

xS ^^

xal ev

avajtavdsog ev xq> JcexdXcp xov ovgavov

^aoiv

corr.

xov ovgavov

^eov xvy%dvovxEg.

XECCagdxovxa

E:ti[isXoviied'a

la^a}iiiv

hx

x6 xaxo xov ovgavov JceraXov^ xal xdg xtnv dyyi7.a>v

Ojidiag axovofiev, xal

dxdd'agxov

q)cog

xEXsvovzog, yeysvrjiiEd'a.

xai vjtovgyoi, O'eov

JtSg

ȣ^jre ^ftZi'

Jtveviia

dsajtoxa,

^i^fiEig,

dxad-agxa jtVEVfiaxa

ovgavov jtsoovxeg xal

25 (isd-a

avd-gcoJtov,

ayyaXoi d'sov ovxeg xal

xai XEixovgyol

eyevofiEd'a, XEQ,

xal

dalfiovBg

g)rjoiv'

doxovfiev

xal

axvxg. I601.C,

371^

Is, corr.

ms.

Kurz

15.

!•

'^fiag

oOJteg

dvd^gwjcotg

4

ett ms.;

9 «^' Zxov

a)g

ioxi Is, Is:

a<p6-

28 xov\ supra lineam

adscr.

§ 10.

§

xotg

e^fi^i^

jciJtxofcev

1.


;

MS D

^^ nvEVfitx xb iv ^AQapl(}

94* aarsQsg %vv6[ievoi,

*

xal o ffadcXavg'

17.

ha

rSv

do^a^cofieda Jtaga

^xal

ol

5

Tov ovQavov daxsQEg dd^dvarol

ov xtvovvxai,^

Ogviav

^aadev'

^ov](l,

slat xal eaTfjQiyfiivoc

xaP

ravxa 6 ^aatXevg djtsXv^e xhv

xal dxovCag

18.

avd-QmjtmvA

xvvo^bvol dczEQEg, xai doxovvteq

aOTEQsg, ovx alctv ovrsg daregsg;^ xal 6 'Ogvlag' ol yccQ

i6— VI,4

IV,

egyov avrov EQyd^aad-ai,

eig

V.

Sdxo6o{i£lxo 6e o vaog' xal Jtdvxsg ol ^aotlEig x^g y^q xal ol aQxovxEg xcov xifil(DV xal ffaalXiOda Nozov rj cog)7j Si-

^vXla xal 10

xal

top vaov xvgiov^ xal £iaiq)SQm vaov ^vZa JtokvxEl^ mi

avxYj 7]?.^s ^Eaaaad^ai

avxT}

r^v

Eig

oixo6oftf]v

xov

d^LoXoya. VI.

Axe0x£lXb 6e 6 ^aaiZsvg 'Agdffwv EJticxoX^v :n;gbg xov^ ^aOtXsa ^oXofimvxa xal disXd/i^avEv ovxcog* ^^aacXsv 2oXo[i<^v,l ytvwcxixa)

Xalgocg. ^5

fiaCiXsla

7}

cov 6x1

olxel yaXEJcov daifiovcov dvvaxov, xal

xrjv

sig

xaxa xgeig

^fiwv

XQ5(>av

'^(ligag dvEyalQei,\

dsvdga xal ^ovvovg

avEfiop Icxvgov, xal hxgt^ot oixlag xal

xctil

avd'gcojtovg djcoXXvOi, QiJtxmv xovxovg Eig xgrjfivovg xal Eig vdrng^^

xal eig Jtvg.

2.

el

ovv ^ovXei xb Cov xgdxog^ djtoOxetXov

xal

E^aXsitpov xal e^qXod-gsvoov^xovxov * ajro x^g xoiavxfjg x^Q^i'^ 20 el

ovv xovxo

jtotTjCEi

ri

fiaCiXsla

vaov oixo6opi^v xdXavra xbv eIxoOI JtEVXE,^ 3.

25

^Avayvovg ovv

Jtat6agi(p

xS

xov

sXd^ovxog

xal

;f()V(Jtou

Oov,

ElOEVEyxofiEV Eig xijv xov

xal dgyvglov xal x<^^^ov Exa-

xr^v EJtiCxoXrjv o

Ibxovxl xtjv 6(pQayl6a

oxi'

g)7]6lv

^aCiXevg EVEXElXaxo x^

xax^Oxa xaxaXa^Elv xgog av-

^xdxtCxa ajtEXd-e

xov xmv

eig

'Agd^ayv ^aaiXia, xal Xd^e fiExd 6ov xrjv 6g)Qayt6a xal xdfiTjXov fxiav xrjv xaxlcxrjv xal

xoMOV

dcxov xaivov.

xal

4.

Ssi^dxa)

Evd'a JtvEl xo Jtov9]Qov JtVEVfia* xal xavaXapcbv

EXBiVov Ejrl&Eg xov aCxov dvscpyfiEvov E^ovxa 30

Jtgbgx^ ox^ xov

§ 16. C.

(Sf)

V.

Is, 1.

C.

VI

1. 1.

1 *

f.

*

f.

xov

xb 6x6(ia avxov

g)a)XEOv, xal jtagax-^gai xfjv rj^igav ep

i]

B^igx^^

374^

7 iilxodofiELTO ego

:

olxodo^-^xo ms,

,

-fieXzo Is

8 ai^vXXa

ms.,

Sl^vXXa'i I.

1.

16

^xQi^oc Is. ixQtr,et ms.

18

§

2.

^ovXei:

20 slaevsyKOfiev Is: €laeviyxa)fiev ms. § 3. 374^ 28 ^xovxa ego; %xov ms. 27 § 4. aot ego: oe ms. ^(ov ms. 19

Coi

xov xoxov

1. 1.

^ovXetai'i

26


'

— 14

zo nvEVfia tb iv 'A^a^ia

VI, 4

MS D

orav 16'^q top aoxov jtZfjOd-dpra zov daxrvXlov to atofia avTov avTOP alg ttjp xdfirjXop xal xaTaXa^e

TO JtovtjQOV jtVEVfca,

tac

95*

^ctl

S-

Sbt^v avsfiov, a<Sq)aXtCai fiera

xov aCocoVj

3tQ0(; riiiaq.<i

xaii(X)<;

p-

xal ijtl&sg

Kai

6,

djcTJXd-e

xov Xsyec

to daifiopiop'

roJtop hv

aot

w

fioc,

xatdioVj xal ejcidsl^o)

<d

Itiaifioviop

^zlg si xal Eg)i3tJtag

siftc,

^ajtsX-d-wfisv

Tig

h

xal

Jtgog

Jtoi7]OOftsp*<i <p rjp, utecthp

xal

10,

6

6e

12.

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xal Xsysi o

eteqop jtvavfia * ep

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top JtoQg)VQovp xLovaA

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13. ocai

xal

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ysvofispog

ytpcoCxoi xal stSQOV Jtvsvfia ofiocov avTw,

Jtav si

11,

ejtoifjOe

tov ts ^aOiXscog xal tcop JtSQisCTrjxoTOP

Tovro oQcoPTa)p Jtaptcop

avigSv,

avTtp

^6vvafiat

tovtov slg xetpaXrjv yovlag.^ top Eq)inxav jtovr^Cai tavta, xal

^a6iXsvg jtQOETQSips

9, g)7]6i'

op aJis6oxlfia(fav avd-Qo^jcoi

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XE Tcal

co^ 6h

8.

Xsysi

6 'Eg)ljtJtag'

tov

sx r^g xa-

top ^oXofiwPTa,

xaXovfiEvog.<^

tov Xld-op top dxQoyG)vtatop

agai

jcqcotov

oov to opofia;^

Ti XQV^^f^ov;^

^idvvaoai Jtot^cfal fioi

to xqvcLop to

jtQaOivog Xid-og xal

jtQoCsxvvsL apco xal xaTco qjSQOfispog

^aOiXsvg q)rjCf

zfjp

sjtapa6TQBg)OPTog 6s av-

odoprjpvdap xal top tojiov xataka^ov sv

^rilov

JcaPTa xaTcc

sjcoirjOe 7.

ravta avrov xsXsvovtog

^aCdsa, xal ftera

dl

y>avot^6v

xsxQvjcTai

TO 6s jrai6ioP Isyer

xlfitovA

itijv

to jcatddgiop xal

Tov fiaOiXicog I^oXoficaVTog.

d-Elr}(Stv

ay ays

not

avTOP m6sA

xal

avaCnaCag avtov rjyaysp avTov ts xal 6alfiovag 6vo ^adtdtov xlopa xal q>sQOVTag tovtop slg top dsga. 14. I6a)v

djiaXd-wp 6s o

E(pijtJtag fiSTct

r^g og)Qayl6og

Cfivtag rfe

ravTa 6 §a6iXsvg xal exd-afi^og yspofisvog exsXsvasv avTotg ^a~

CmC^Siv

TOV xlopa xal

tov alwvog xal

Xsiag Xvfii^v

Tm Twp

§6.

1.

Bxwsi ego; i'JiTcaq

6 *

373^

§ II.

ms.

gly^at

top asga

tovtop sxl

fisxQc trjg cvvts-

TTjg ytjg jiots, fii^Jt:a)g

dvd-Q(6jta>v jtQO^svi^caxfc ysvst.

§

7.

TtQOOPxvvT] ms.,

ms.

yi'V^axeit;

f.

xgsftacfd'at slg fir]

22

1.

*

18 f.

1.

7

STiidel^co Is; inedsl^o}

tcqogshvvti as Is

novtjGai: noifjaai Is

373^

23

'excov

ms.

§ 9.

ms. 1.

§ 12.

14 1.

§ 8.

1.

12 n^oa-

'EtpiTtnag Is: d(p^

21 yivibaxoi ego:


96*

:S:aiiaiil

STSQOP 6ai/i6vtov;<i xal 6 ^Dgviaq Isysr

paCiXsv,

vJtaQxsi

6vpafiiP.<i

xov

m

xovxo

Idslp avxop,^'

ftT]

^laxi:

^aCiXeVy ccqxcop

ayayi

10 xfjp 6<pQayl6a

fioi

w

vjtaQXBt,

Jat-

^advJtEQi^

dXXa Xa^mv

,

xaxa xaxoqA

(d6e

(le-u

xov xcop

6s

axad'aQxop Jtpsvfia

avxop

,

^0 ^Ogvlaq

xal 6 ^aOtXsvg' ^firjdBP Cot *

3.

xal

JtoprjQOP

fieXaxco,

(Sot

©

fihv jtoXXij

Svpa^ip xa\ ri xovxcp xo opofia;^ x6 opoiia,

Xdyst' ^2afiar]X

2

xsxrrjfispov rrjv.

fiEyiCTTjp

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-^sldl

^jtoiop dh Tot5ro,« g)7]Clp 6 ^acfiXsvg, ^xal rtpa

2.

bxbl ttjp

5 ylarrjP

rovrwp 8p

a^ro

rfe

VII, i-VIII,

xov Ogviav Xiyw

VII, JlaXtv ovv 6 ^aCtXevq Ttghq ocal

MS D

Xa^cQP 6e

^Ogplag xf]p <Sq)Qayi6a xov d-eov ajiriXd-e xo xov ^aOtXicog JiX^gmCOOP

d^eX7]fia.

dh ^oXofiSp

o

4.

d-Qovov xad-^fiepog

sJtl

'Ogptap /i£xa xov ^afiar^X ixdexofiEpog, cxtjjcxqop te xo ^5

xm

fjp

Oxififiaxl xe xal diadi^fiaxL xal xov

x^g ^aCiXEtaq xExoOfirjfiepog

^aacXi-

xop dpcc x^^Q^ eLx^p. 5- EX&opxayp dh xov xe 2Jafiar]X xal xov\ ^Ogpia jcQog xov ^aaiXea, ipr]olv 6 ^aCiXEvg jtQog xop I^afia^k^^ ^xlg

xal xl Oov xo opofia]<^

£t,

^dvpaoat

^aCiXevg*

xS

afia

JtoirjOal

6e

Se

Ti;«

^UafiarjX

xo eOxccxop

sig

6.

xal

6vpay,ai

g)'r]6i'^

xrjg

avxop xal djtrjyayEP

Xoycp EP£g)V6rjC6P

XExXruiat'

6v6T7jiiaxog.

v:n:aQX<x)

fiE

cot xal dnayayElv

20 g)v6^0ai

Si g)rj0r

xov xSp daifiopoop

6e

cLQXcov

y7]g,<i

e[i-

xal

xa B6xaxa

sig

XTJg yrjg.

VIIL

AiEg)7jfil^Bxo 6e

jtBQaxa x^g 25 XBig

y^g xal ol

xfjg

vaov

olxo6o(i7}v.

2.

aOfia XCOP dcffcaxtBP,

§ 3. c.

C.

§

8

1.

VIII

VIIL

I

2.

27

EXEiPcp

xal EXsyEP ovxo^g' a6ov6ag,<s-

Big

^

napxa

.

xh.

Jtapxsg ol ^aoiBig

xfjP

xov

EQQrjxoQBvCs

to

^sxxTjcaiirjp ^aCcXeiav'

xal xaxaXiB^ag xa xapxa

xi-

sra uiapxa 6b ^axaioxTjg giaxacox'^xwp' xa jtdvxa

Xog BJtdyEi'

forte

xaigtp

6b

avxw

x^Q^yovvxsg

xal

agxopxEg, xq)

a6oPxag xal

BXXfjCdfirjp

xov ^aCiXimg

g)^firj

tj

xal jtQ06xvP0VPXEg rjCap

yrjg,

*

f.

372^

§

—7

ponendum

26

iscBLVt^ in

post 2 § 2.

cf.

1.

Ec. 2

aSovtaq xal adovaag

:

6.

1.

marg.

7 ixvrjcdfiTjv

29 Ec.

22 In hoc inf. scr.

SovXovg

i •.2;

loco add.

c.

man. prim.

seal 7i(XL6i6xag, 2

i2:8f.

VIII 4 James =" |

:

f.

372^

8 ^Tiolrjad

fiOL


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3,

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7,

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ra avtov

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5-

xa

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I

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6s xal rovro'

97*

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6.

<pxo-

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rov

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toiovrov olov ovrs iysvsro ovrs yevrjosrai.

5.

UNT.

9;

11.

3—4

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McCown.

§ 7.

1,

7

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CONSPECTUS TITULORUM Codicum Manu Scriptorum Recensionum A, Titulus Codicum MSS PQ

Tituli

SoXoficovrog vtov Aaveid, og effaolZevCsv sv ^qov-

Aca&'rjxrj 5 Cakfjfi

xavxmv asgiwv,

xal EXQatfjOsv xal vjcsta^Ev

xarax^ovicov Jtvsvfiarcov

6i

d-QcoJtooVy

xal Jtaga Jtolwp ayyiXdiP ovxot ol

yovpvai.

rov 0og)ov 2oXoftwptog. Titulus Codicis

to

MS

rov vaov ra

avtcop xara

tmv

I

datftopcop ovg EXQavrjCEj xal rlpsg

oIp al i^ovclai dod^ElOat avr<p vjtb d^eov

dyyilmp xaxaqyovprai

vaov a vxBQ^aXloprax;

xara rmp

ol dalfiopEgf

h eI-

datjiovoyp xal

xal ra egya rov

:itEJtoli]xsp,

Titulus Codicis

MS H

AtriyriCiq szeqI rrjq 6ia^^X7]g JJoXoficopxog xal J€BqI

OEwg xSp 6aifi6pa}P xal

MSS PQ. Du

dv

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{Atad-rixri

^lBQ0v6al7}iij xal jieqI

15

ejctyelcop, xal

cop xal jtavra rcc sgya

jtsjtoirjxBV' xal rivsg ai e^ovalai

vjtSQ^aXXovxa

jtaga xLpcqp

C

B, et

x^g

iXev-

xov vaov olxo6ofi^g.

:^eqI xrjg

ad Zonorae Annalia, p. 83), Fab(ricius, ^Q' 4 JtaS-i^xi] P: ^ di^ytjaiq Q om. om. DuC. al om. 7 5 iniyelcDV Q navvojv nvevfi. 6 tbg Q Q xaTag8 ovTOi PQ: e"toi DuC, avtol conj. Fab avd-Q. pr. XQ)V Q 9 xov o. SoL P'. om. Q yovvxai P: xaraQX^'^vxai DuC, xaxaQyaC^ovxai Q Hie sequitur ben'edictio, cf. infra p. 99* 1. i s. DuC Fab in Noiae

C(angius

Cod, Psmdtpigr. Vet,

1036 sq.)

Test. I .

.

|

.

|

|

I

I

man.

MS

I.

alt.

diaS-T^xfj

MS

H.

1.

1.

11

xov: in marg. sup. negligenter exaratis

AiaO-rixri

x

14

ol

17 Sequitur

:

el

ms.

benedictio,

|

Sequitur benedictio cf,

infra

litteris scr.


Codicum

Tituli

MSS HIPQ

xvQie 6 Beogj 6 6ovg T<p SoXofi^vri rrjv e^ov-

el,

col So^a xal

oiav ravT7]V,

QQ*

Subscriptio

Codicum

Benedictio EvXoytjtog

et

XQaxog

rov Corpcoratov Sokoficovrog fisra tcop

Aiad-^xf]

dfirjv.

VW

MSS

Codicum

Titulus

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elg

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avT^g 6po(iaza)V

rov Aavsld rov ^aCiXiav B(pvXayd'ri6av,

anod'avBiv

MS V

Subscriptio Codicis

TsXog Trjg diad-^xrjg rov Oo^cordrov SoXo^rnv'^rog vlov Aa^id,

meg

ro

igyatpri (isrd

^

hxQov rov aQo{?)' ev bzec xE{(i)PQi(p

id\

MSS HIPQ.

2

1.

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1.

V

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1

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om.

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PQ

|

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|

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PQ: om.

IQ

r.

|

I

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(MVffT.:

rov aoXofioiVToq tcsqI

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W

|

|

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11.

9

— 13

Numeri

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aogdxwg doto xov dsga %va jtovrjgov jtvsv(ia xal sjtsiga^s xo jtatdiov ojtoxs ^d-sXsv dxdd-agxov daifiovtov xal 30 va xoiiir]d-^ eig xrjv xXlv7]v xov xal xov sdsixpsv 6 fitagbg 6alxov. Xocjcbv rigx^xov

Xoytwv (pavxacisg.

(lo^p

6.

xai ^Xsjtovxag 6 ^aOiXsvg xo Jtatdiov

sxslvo sd'avfta^sv xal sXvJtaxov jtoXv xal ^s6i6sv

xov 6 ^aOiXsvg

6i3tXov xo g)ay7]xbv xal xa g>ogsfiaxd xov jtaga xcav 1 *

f.

9 Ttaidiav §4.

1.

§

I.

6.

179^

I

va

.

.

.

Q-BfisXLmv per dittograpHam bis scr.

12 naaa xov

20 olxoSofiav 82 TtoUl

§

5.

aXXmv

1.

d-i),?jfia

24

*

f.

corr.

179 '^

Pr, Bessarion

25

inrjdaS-rjv

nat-

5 xicaQ^q

15 iSovksvEv \

alaxvvd-Tjv


h E

6—9

IIj

to :^akaTi6v rov ojtcog va eXd"^

eig

rov xardoraOiP xal

stQOtsQav

f

bIxev

6:7sov

61g)P

I

IO5*

tov SoXo/^&vxog

Ji-^yriGiq tibqI

rov JCQoCoijtov rov 6hv aXXa^BV aXXa fiaXXov

o^ig

slg trjv

ra^iv ojtov bI^bv, aXXa

elg rrjv

slg

ro

f]

yBC-

QOtBQOV. P5 I.

Kal

6.

mi

iXeyev

rmv

filav

rov

rizvov

»Bljte fiov,

r^v

Oxvd'QCOjtog Big

rjfiBQmv BQ(6rTj6sv 6 ^aOiXevg ro JcaiSiov

vov Blcat jtaQ7jXXayfiEvog<i. Bljtfj

rov paGiXiayq rl

7*

^^ Jtatdlov 6bv

^^*

mi

aQXLGBV o ^adiXsiyg fiBra ogyr^g xal d-vfcov xal BXsyBV Jtgbg ro

slg

(lov Bijt^g rrjv aX^d-Bcav ajto rl sxaradrad-Big tr^t

^pct

riroiav * d-Bcoglav xal Jtmg k^yrjXBg

va

d(i(ifj

on

rj^BVQ'^g

BXBt

rj

fiov, avd-BPrrj,

va cov

dtrjyrid^co

^AgdjtTjg

axg7]v aifta

xal

fih

xal ndXip fiov

q>alvBrat

on

ayysXog xal fiov XiyBi

fiavgov xal fiov bIjibv

va

ftrjv

on

av Cov ro

Tavra axovCag o ^aOtXBvg

ro Jtaidlop

fis

xal jcIpbi ro

ffvC,dvBi

rjiiigap xal sgxBrac cog

rrjp

ro BiJtw

rrjg

^aCiXslag Cov

kyXvrcoCBt auto rop

fiB

yXvroofiop

bIjioo

kd-avfiaCBP

xvgtov rov d'BOp xal bvotjCbv o ^aCiXBvg ^BV

dXXd dxovCop

jtXaxcovBt Big rrjv xagdlap xal jttdvBi rTjv

avra ojtov JtaB-alvo} xal hxBlPog d'iXBL

9.

fiov

ajto

bxbI ojiov xoiftovfiat

rl jcad^alvm,

rov daxrvXov fiov rov (iixgov xal

fiov

^lov,

XbIjibi,

Bvag dpd-gcoxog fiavgog xard JtoXXa

rTjv xXlvrjv (lOv 'ig^Brat

Idg moav

oXa ra xaXa

B/iiva

^aoiXsla oov dofiBva xal rijtorsg 6bv fiov

ra xaXa oXa avrd dhv Bvg)galpBrat ^ xagdla

vow

B^ag)va djio rov

jtoXXa fidcava fiiXXstg va jtdd-^g xal

^avd-Evrrj iiov JtoXvxgovrjfiBVBj

TQoiioV

25

xa^i'^

va X^^V^ ^"^ '^^^ ^(o^P COV. 8. ravra cog tJxovobv ro Jtaidl Exelpo bXbybv jtQog rov ^aOiXdav fisrd Saxgvmp xal g)6^ov xal

ra

I20

va

tJ^-bXep

rovto o fiaCtXBvg ^cog

BJiad-BVB. xai fiXsjtovrag

rov ajtTjXoyarov id-avfia^B xal iXvjtarov noXi) ro rl va

Cov, %

6ia rl slcai xlrgivog xal

6sv

jtaidlov %

fiov,

xal^o vovg Cov 6bp slvat fiBra Cov ^o-

o'tpiv

on

6bp

e;fco«.

xal BvxctglcrrjCBv

BXBivog Ofiov BJtBlga-

rocavrsg g>apraclBg Btpat jtVBVfia Jtovrjgov xal

dxdO-agrop Saifioviop.

xal jtagBvO-vg BxafiBv 6 ^aCiXsig dirjCiv

Jtgbg rov d'BOp fisra 6axgva)v xal fisrcc cvvrBrgififiBvrjg xagdlag ^fiigav xoL vvxrav 6cd va rov djtoxaXvy?^ o dsog fth rl fiodop

§ 7. l'|a 1.

L 8

14

32 xaQdlatq

12

iid-ekE

afiii

§

8.

1.

1.

25

hai

13

*

f.

180^

Isyet: Xin mss.

|

27

evyilsceg

\

6^a<pva ego:

oxv av ex d

«v

§ 9.


5

E

Ji^yTjaiQ TtSQl Tov SokofiwvTog

Io6*

II,

9—III,

i

va xaraQad-^ to daifioviov sxslpo ojtov ejislga^s to Jiaidlov, 10, Tcdt Idcov o d-sog xa daxQva xal rovg xoxovg rov el6^^ xovCsv o d-sog TTJg derjdscog 2olo^iv{rog) xal jtaQsvd"vg sCrsikev TOP dgxayysXov avTOv MtxaTjX fih gilav ^ovXXav ^yovv 6<pQayi6a xal ttjv b6coxbv tov ^aHiXimg xa\ tov bIjiev otl kxBlvog 6 'Agdjirjg tjtov jiovtiqov daifiovtov xal sQisxai doQaTa}g xai ^aOtXsvg va tt^v dcoc^ tov jtaidlov jTSigd^si TO JtatdloP xai

^oTav vjtdyxi ^dXiv to daifiovtov sig ttjv xXiv7]v vd tov vd top xqovc^ elg to CTTJ&og (is ttjp a(pQayl6a tov d-EOv xal pd TOP dicxi xal vd top <piQ'^ sfijtQOOd'ap aov xal iav

xal

jtstgdC,!;!,

UoXoficop s^ETa^ov avTOv Iva dov

avT^g

xal ECv (1ST

oXsg tov reg km^ovXlg

dEtgxi

TTJg Ctpgayldog d-iXstg jiaTd§^ jcapxa dia^oXov

tov xal vd Tovg ovpd^^ oXovg tov dsgog xal xalTTigd-aXdoorjgxalTcoPxaTaxd'Ovlmpxal pd olxodo(i^a^g TOV vaop TOV d-sov (lET avTcop Tcop jroprjQcop daifiopwp xal vd xal TT]V dvpa/itP

Trig yrjg 15

sIps sQyaTEg

6(pQayl6a

xal dot

slg

Tovg TSXPiTag^.

11. xal ejctjqsp 6 ^adiXsvg ttjp

dxo top aQxdyysXop Mtxai^X xal

EvxagiCTrjOsp top d^sov

Exslvrjg Ttjg aq}Qayl6og Eg)Tslaasp 6

2bXo(i^p spa daxTv-

XiiiOP JtaQOfiotop djto Xid'ov Tifi^g JtoXX^g, 20 Slop

xai

sSoxep tov

t7]p

povXXap tov

xal sxQa^EP to

d-sov xal

Jtai-

tov sIxbp

C05

xad^mg tov sutag^yyBiXsp o dyyeXog, 12.

^Eaotsgag 6h yBP0(iBP7]g socsasp to jtaidiop vd

TTjP xXiP7]p TOV' xal idov Eg)d^aaBv xal 6 dtd^oXog rid-siap

eIxbp Sid

ojtov

vd Jt£gixvxX(6a^ to

xoi(i7jd-fj aig

xaxd

otaidiov,

ttjp cvp-

xai bIxev

Bppoiap xaTd ttjp JtagayysXlctv ojcov tov eIjibv 6 avd-hTfjg TOV 6 2oXo(i^v xal s^ovXXwcev top 6id^oXo(p) sm to CT^d-og (IE TTjp ^ovXXap tov d^EOv, 13. o de CaTapag E^ofjas g)<x>v^ (is-

25 * TTiP

ydX^] xal eIjibp'

^ova'i fioi xqi d&Xl<p, Jccog

syipa vTtodovXog vjto tov I^oXofiwPTog^, 30

TO jtaidiop djto

ttjp xXiPtjp

vjtriyEP E(iJtgo0d-BV

sxaTadovXcod'^p xal

xal jcagavd-vg Earixmd-ri

tov xal s6eobp tov did^oXop xal top

tov fiaCiXsog,

III. Eal cog top b16ep 6 UoXoftSp Bd^av(iaOEP xal svxaglcSTTjasp Evgtop TOP d^sop, xal eIjcep 6 2oXo(idtp ngog to Sid^oXop' s>eIjcs

1 fxiv

'^

f

.

180^

§ 10.

1.

ex dvv, corr. prim. man. C. Ill,

cf.

12 ndvta ex Ttaaa corr. § 12. 1, 23 evB^aaev

parallele in Test, Sal. 11 et ms.

D.

Ill

Pr. Bessarion

25

*

1.

32

f,

13 dvva-

181^

evxccQiad-rjaev


E in,

I— IV,

^Qt,

jtvevfia

/Jii^yTjaig tie^I

3

jtovrjQov

M(q) ^ov ^ igyaala 2.

'yESVVfjg'j<^

xal

i;lag 5

vow seal

jcqXv

iirj

<ss

ri

lOJ*

oov iotip ovo/ia xal

rifiaigriaa) slg

rov rojtov

trig

»ro ovofia fiov xakov(iat Og-

aegog xeXwviov xal

t}

sgyaoia (lov slvat avrrj'

rovg dvd-gwJtovg xal rag xagdiag xcov xal a^agra-

xal jirjcfiovovv

valxa

xal axad-agroVj

xal o dalficop eIoisV

slfiai vjto

cxavdaU^co

vov DoXofiwvroq

xov hutovgaviov

g)avra^o(iai

'e(iogg)fj

slg

d-eov,

xal jzors coOav yv-

xov vjcvov rovg xal afiagxavovv

jioxB (D0av <ixvXog yivofiai xal Jtors caOav ya'Cdagog xal Jioxs

r (Ddav asxog (isxa

jtxsga ylvo/iai,

xal Jtoxs coOav Xeovxagiv

fie

no aXXovg dalfiovag yivofisod-ev^ xal Jtoxs aXXa}v Xoyiciv <pavxaO'ug g)avta^6(is0d'ev

rovg dpO-gwjtovg,

slg

xal

ojtoxs

vctfttv

xov

d-eov, xaxagyiCpfie<Sd-ev^,

3.

fie xtjv 6v-

xal xavxa axovCag o ^a-

0devg 2oXoficov edo^aOe xov O-eov xal * ejctxaXeCd-rixev 15

agxayyeXovg xov MixafjX xal xov Fa^giriX^ agxdyyeXot djtb

ol

i

TOP oaxavav 6x1 HTjg 20 ol

fis

xov

Idovfisv

aQxayysXov Mixafjl xal xov Fa^gtriX fiag ejtixifiovv

xovg

xal evd-vg eg)dv7]xav

xov ovgavov xal dXvOidedavxeg xov Ogvlav

xo xdyfia xov oXov ogtcdv xovg

ol

dgxdyyeXoi

va vjtdyovv djto dxgov x^g yyg eayg dxgov xal djto d-aXdava xov^aXTJaovv fidgfiaga ^agvxara. xal jtdXtv coOav rjXd-av

daifioveg d^to exelvrjv xijv vJtTjgeoiav

rovg e^aXsv ucdXtv 6

CtXevg xal exoJtrav fidgfiaga xal cldagov did rfjv olxodofiTjv

/9«-

rov

vaov rov d-sov. rV.

Eal jtdXtv 6

fia6iXevg ixga^ev exetvo xo exXexxov Jtai-

6I0V xal eijtev xov' ^ejtage^ xexvov, rrjv C<pgayl6a 25

xov d-eov xal

rov ^Ogvlav xov Caxavav xdi vjtdyexs xaxd xovg egrifiovg xoTcovg xal 03C0V

av evgsxe dalfiovag

fie

xo rdyfia rov vd rovg PovX7.co-

vd rovg g)egere e6S eig ^fiag<i. 2. xal sjtTJgev to 3tai6iov r^v dpgaytda rov d'sov xal rov 'Ogvlav rov 2aravdv xdi vjtrjysv xard rovg egrifiovg rojtovg xal hxet rjvgav rov agCere oXovg xal

30

xovra rSv daifiovcov rov BeeX^e^ovX xal Xeyei 6 'Ogviag 6 aaravag Jtgbg rov BeeX^e^ovX rov dgxovra rSv Saifiovwv xdi rov Xeyer •^xaXet Ce 6 ^aOiXevg 2oXofi<5v fih rov ogiCfiov rov d-eov rov aa^amd-^. 6 SoXofioiV

3.

ojtov

xal Xeyai 6 BeeX^a^ovX' Xeyetg'^,^

xal

»xat Jtolog elvat avroq to xaidiov jcagev&vg egt^sv rf]v

§ 2. 1. 6 dkijafiovovv 2 i^yaalav parallela 1. c. in ms. D III. C. IV.

§ 1.

3. 1.

14

*

f.

181 ^

25. 29 zovq: raq


I08*

E

Uokofi&vtOQ

Jn^yrjOig tcsqI xov

0g)Qayt6a xal exoXXrjCsp slg rbv BseX^s^ovX, xal evd-vg (lera

^lag

egt

fie

J

3—9

eOrjxcod'T]

6aifi6via, xal eJirjyav sfiJtQOO&'EV rov

x^^^-^^^Q

^aCtXewg * 2oXofi^v{Toq) zai xov exgoCxivrjOav oXoc

5

IV,

ol daliioveg

xal o fiaOiXavg EvyaQtCrrjCev xov d'sbv xov ovgavov xal x^g y^q ojiov xov Ti^icoasv xoiavtrjg x^Q^'^og xal xtfi^g xal xov sjtQOCxv-

vovGav

ol

dalfiovsg,

o paCilEvg 2JoXoficov

xal ijcagaCxtjOev

4.

xov BesX^s^ovX xov Oaxavav

xo xdyfia xov oXov cddsQodsfisvovg xal ^ovXkoDiiivovg oXovg fth xov d^sov xo ovofia, sha XsysL JtQog xov BaeX^s^ovX xov jiqcqxov dca^oXov' »rt Cov ectt 10

TO ovofia xal

sQyacSla

t]

Cov

[ih

jtQaxx8tg]'i

fiiaQct o:n:ov

7]

5.

xal

6al(io}v slTtsv ^eycb slfiat 6:n:ov ovofia^ofiai BesX^sfiovX xal sifiai

aQXG)V £^c

hym

xal

7]

xal rjxov

C^s^ovX. 15

;^f2tadcoi^ daifiovoiv xal Xeyofiai yaCx^g d^rjXvfeavlag, flow 6 otgrnxog ayysXog xov ovgavov 6 Xsyofisvog BeeXftsx' hfiov

xal aXXog Jtg^xog Caxavag 6 Xeyo-

fiEvog^Eoaipogog, jiXtjv 6:^£xlfi7jasv xov 6 d-ebg xal axaxaxXelod-Tj £V xagxago) dsOfiw,

xal eIvs

xd

slg xrjv

Jtovrjgd xal

ylvovvxat 20 xaolsg

og

6.

xal eycb

e^ovclav

slfiai

kym

fiov,

axad^agxa Jtvsvftaxa, xal

xaxeg xal dfiagrdvovv, 7-

xal ftixgd jcaidla jcvlym

yvvatxa xal elvat djto evegyelag '^Pag)a7jX 6

av&vg dvacgovfiat ajtb

ixat.

^aCiXalg xal jtoXsfiovv avag

30

alg

8. fia

vd xajtviOd^^ fte xd yXvxd xd vagd xal vd

sdixrjg flag xal

Xiy^ axC,f >jtg6q}^aaov

xav xa

ctfia slg

^^^ o^toiog dvd-ga>Jcog xav avdgag xav

XoXijv o'ipagiov yXiavov ojtov slvai alg

olag jcoXXag

6 agx<ov xov degog dg

fiaraOX'i]ficcxt^ovvxai xal

avO-gojcot xal (palvovvxat slg ovsiga xal eig g)av'

xsg fidveg xa)v xovxd.

25

ojtov xafivw xovg dalfiovag

elfiac

xagaSxrjXfhg bv(dxiov xov

aycb

dvayxdC^w xovg

6:n:ov

slfiai

d-aox^,

xov dXXov xal xdfivovv

d-dXaOOav xav xa alg ^rjgdv

yrp?,

alxficcXco-

xdi Jtoxa

xaXov xov avd-gcojcov 6ev d-aXaxi. 9. Kal o ^aOcXavg 2oXoficov aljtav

:^g6g avzovg' >vjt6 xivog

dyyaXov xaxagyelxat

xal

rj

Svvafilg cag^;

aljtsv

6 BaaX^a^ovX'

xov Jtavxoxgdxogog d'aov xvglov 0afia(D& xaxagystxai tj xal ot dalfiovag dvvafiig fiag xal djto xov dgxayyiXov ^Pag^ai^X^, T>ajto

axgafiav fii^jcmg xal o ^aCtXavg xovg ajtixifific^ xal xovg ogyiOB-^

§ 3. 5.

1.

§ 6.

1.

§

1.

2 ^iav

12 aQXoy ex 20 naidlav

3

* f.

182^

§ 4,

clqgov corr. man,

21

fjxeq fidvaiq

1.

alt. |

xovg

10

ficaQCi

x'-^''^^"^'^

§ 7.

1.

ex fzixga corr. man.

^^ xtdSov corr. man.

24

*

f.

182^

alt. alt.


E

IV, 9

—V, 2

Ji^ytjatg tceqI xov

XOV d'BOv TO opofia.

^8

DoXofx&vtoq

sha rovg

lo.

109*

ogiaep 6 ^aotXevg va jtQiO'

vi^ovp (laQfiaQa xal XLd^ovq oXot ol dalfiovsg didsQodsfievoi,

^^ dov2.EV^

2oXo(i^v,

hxi^EV

|/9Jl£jr£i^

va

xal

kd-avfia^ev rovg avd-goijcovg

fifjv

xodov jtX^d-og datfiovosv va sgya^ovvxai

(ih

10

II.

elg

dvsxdii^yrjxov xal elg d-avfia stokv xoxeg,

^jtQayficc Tjxov

slQfjVs/ZEva fiexa utaorjg

okcog

axoXfiovOav ol dalfiovEg va Tcsiga^ovv

vav djto rovg avd-gm^ovg.

12.

xal ovd'

adixi^Covv xavi-

(is xtjv

otpQaytSa £xelv7]v ojtov

xov dgxccyyeXov avxov MiyariX xal xodov

fih

rovg ExaxadxrjCEV oXovg 6x1 coaav dxXd^ovg.

IS fih

xov vaov xov

elg

I'va

va

xal xodov xovg sl^sv 6 UoXo/^cov

oXovg xovg daifiovag ^ovXXa}fiavovg

(laga * xal Xld-ovg

jtotog

rovg xsxvixag

ejnfisXslag xal 6:n:ov67Jg.

d-eov

Tov eOXEiXsv o d-Eog

xal

xov vaov xov ^eov ojvov xal exet ojtov agya^ovvxav ol dalftovsg

xad'elg dalficov eraxO'V

ax^t axojtxav flag-

xal ao^£0Xf]V, xal xo vEgov to axov^aXovOav

xadovg ^agvxdxovg.

xov

oXoi

dXvdodEfiapot

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vaov xov d^aov,

V. AoiJtov axaZ xal

(piXovaixlav

BzriyEv

3tgbg

avag djto rovg fialorogovg riXd-av

agydC,ovvxav,

xov vlbv avxov,

xov 2JoXo/iwv(xa)*

v^QiCEV xal Sbv

fis

alg

xov vlov fiov

25

ol fcatoxogot

6h xaxagag xov utaidiov xov ^adtXaav fisxa jtoXXcov daxgvcov xal ayxaXedav xov vlov avxov xo 3zcog xov drififjaav xal xov v^gidav xal aXayev

Fslg 20

ol daiftovag

xo xxidifiov oJtov axxt^av

alg

pdvo)

6x1

^^adtXav jroXvxgovfjfiava, d-avaxwdai

xov jtaxaga xov

Ef/ava

fia

ddxriiitdEV xal (is

xal sav 6sv xov d-avaxcod'^g sycb xXsov

(IS dxi(i7]dsv.

xo xagiv fiov va dovXavCo)

alg

xov vaov xov ^£0v«.

Kal Idov (lata cogav txavfjv sjtrjyav o vlog xov (laCdxogog alg rov ^aCtXaav SoXo(Cc5v(ra} xal iyxdXsia rov Jtariga xov, \

xal Star

2.

^adiXavg xal djtogwvxag xl djtoxgidiv va

Xoyt^o(isvog

Sdd^

va xovg alg7]vavdi^ sdxgd(p7] slg rov vaov xal a^Xsjtav xal aldav xov ^Ogviav xov did^oXov xal Sav agyd^arov va dovXsv^ codav xal xovg aXXovg dalfiovag, (lovov adxaxav xal sysXav, xal Xayat 6 ^adiXEvg 3tgog xovg 6vo xov jtaxaga xal rov xal xovg 6vo

30

j-

xoiv. k

xov

10.

1.

12

vov

3

§

xovg

13

xovq C V. Parallele in ms. iaxgdfpTiv I

n.

scaS^aslg

TOV'.

D

c.

1.5

itoXlvv

iicazdoTjaev

IV.

1.

18

6 evXsTiev * f. 183^

14

iiXQ-av

22 BaaiXevq

§ 12.

1.

11

ixsl-

15 xdddovg §

2. 1.

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va

yevotxo Jtdpxag

flag

rifiag

yXvxcov^ djto ix^Q^"^^ ^vxtxovg xai 6md^t(6o^

flag

ep

kp

XgiCxA

xfi

^aOcXEla

x<p d-ew, (p

fi

xmp ovgavAv

xov Jtaxgog xal xov viov xal xov dylov jtpevfiaxog pvp xal xal elg xovg al<5pag xwp almvmv, dfiriv.

C. XII.

1.

3

*

f.

191^

§ 2.

1.

13 kyyzifxv

§3.

tjg

do^a xal xgdxog

1.

21 ^miUiav

del


Emendationes

Textum.

in

p.

L.

II*

7

SiaXoytadfiEVO^ « iiikXei ooi (pgaaai

12*

I

<pXiyov

14*

6 ifKpaivo): add.

16*

I

25*

5

Pro

26*

7

dv einag yivoq xb iv t^ 'EqvB-qo. ^aXdaa^ XQe^o^svov

om.

cum

I et

N.

cum HIN. vno ndvxwv

^QQirpev

ical

2 scccxeiv^ ovTog Aeii;ffOi;

.

.

.

tcbv Saifidvcav xslevofiBvoq

(xoiQav

A

cum

et

cum N.

N.

cum N, cum NP.

Xvcov

I.

cum LN.

avxbv ovx dvEveyno) nQoq ae cum LN, xdv ^X(oi\ xb fieya; cf. N,

8 iyd}

27*

6

7

cum LN et cum N, cf. P. avrcfcc cum NP. «7to x^q TtQQiXrjg cum HN.

9

7j

29*

2 ^ cv(>a ixeivf]

32*

4 5-cat 6

devxs^a, 33*, 1 ^ XQCX7J.

C.

etc.

37* 10

cum NP, ^ Fxr?? cum HNP. ifiol dh xaxhavzi iniB-viilav XTJg ootplag N. xaxaax<bv cum HN.

38* 14

ayayi

34*

3

8

39*

40*

(Jfi

xal

fioi 6)6e

6 AE0vx6(pQ0)v 41*

xbv 6aLfxova N.

^oel xsgaalov (vel xe^axlov) x6 eldog dfxoTog cum 4 Pro ydg 1. dd cum N. 5 Pro Hvo^a \. afiaj pro dv Xeyeibveq 1. Xeysiiiai, 5

5

II

HN.

56*

3 xaXovfxai ^Pv^ MaQdsQO), cf.

57*

4 Pro 9

N

cum HN. 'A§£Qb^lQ-ov cum NQ. Pro secc. 7 et 8 lege cum HN: xb Ttdvv dyanav avx^v^ xal vAff

1.

fxeydXog^ xat

x(bv

N.

cum LN.

6 ol 6h

71* 10

et

cum HLN,

AeovxofpQOva cum HLN. Pro Ttatdla 1. v?J?tta cum

51*

74*

A

xal iaxoQTtla^ri xo

'leQOpoctfi

6aifi6vo)v

XsvxJjaai^.

et

H.

7.

^yo) 6e 6 6v<JXJjvog (axodo^rjaa Sik

?;igj

cxfJTCtQa

dxi

^ ^aaiXEta fiov xal wXdX.v^a nvevftd fiov xal iddO-tj dg dovXeiav

diegdyrj

dixa.

^tptjadv

fioi'

xozs

avvfjxa

-^vno

xd

Qrjd-svxa

fioi

vno

xdg x^^Q^Q ijfiwv fieXXeig re-


Emendationes in Textum

122*

8. Kal sy^atpa x^v diaO^XTjv fiov lavzTjv ^toTq ^Iov6aloL<^ xal xazshnov ravxriv avzoZg elg [xvrifxoavvov tiqo rEXsvtrjq fjLOv, ^ Sia^xi] /J.OV g)vX<xzTsaS'(o naQ vfiotv elg fxvar^^cov fisya xaxa Tivsvfidxcov axa$-d^Tiov wars yvcovac vfiaq xibv 710vj]Q(ov 6aifi6v<ov xd^ f^rj^avag xal z(bv aytcov dyyeXwv xdg dwdftsig* Sxl ivicxvet f^syag xvQiog Sa^aci)^ 6 ^£og ^loQa^X xal vnixa^ev in ifxol ndvxa xd Saifioviay

iv

(p

iSoS-T]

^aaiXEia

0(pQaylg dia^^xrjg attovlov.

48

L.

xal dni&avov' iv x^

7iax6^o)v fiov iv eIq^v^^ xal

w

TiQercH zifx^ xal n^oaxvvrjGig

Corrigenda. p.

9.

xmv

d vahg xvqLov zov ^eov, zovg alibvag zwv alwvwv d/J.'jv.

inX7i^Q)d-7i

alg

fxoi

fxov xal nQOoexid-Tjv fxexd


;

INDEXES I

I

Indexes

References in

to

IV are

to

and

chapter

of

section

V and

in Indexes

text^

VI to pages of Introduction, * Hapax legomena; + conjecturally restored;

(?)

Probable

copyist's errors.

Index of

I.

A

Grammar and Syntax

complete exhibit

Adverbs and conjunctions 'AlU I 2 Q XI 5, XIII

V 3 PC,

VIII

IX

7,

oh fiovov

X

ind.

c.

drjta

D

Slo I

I

su5j. I 9,

(T.

XVIII

21,

2L, XIV

ctpa I

T&Q IV

Xn

XXII

4,

IX

VIII 12 {pis\

7,

12 B;

XVI 2P, XX

2,

X

2, 3i,

H, C IV V3{PC), VIIIi2,Xl5, DI2(^/.),

n ye

3,

I,

IX

^^e I I

5

XV

V,

L, C,

2

8, 9,

10, ei pas.

D

n 3. IV

5,

C

IV VII

C{bis\

I, 2,

6, 2,

3,

ml

ind. praes.

C

X

2

8;

loP,

VI

I5(?), 35;

8, 10

[bis)^

XVII 4P, XXVI 4

{bis)',

IV VI

XVIII 9,

XXII

i,

D

10,

VI XIII

ind. aor.

fc.

V

9,

XVin

13,

XIII 13;

3,

IV

Q

II,

W,

subj.

whether

10,

12;

12; 2,

XXVI

12

11,

C XI

=

if,

XXIII 2;

t.

i; c.

2;

ind.

XVII 2, 4; C IX 8, X 12, Xni I D VI 2; 6. subj. XVII 3 ft («)} XnisP, 4, XV IIP fZra XVIII 15P, XX 19H; LI: {bis\ II 1, 5, III 4, IV 1, 12, V 12 {pas}),

D

I

3, 4, il, 12, I,

3, 4, 5) 6>

VII 8

V 9, XIV 3i VIII

5,

C

X 3, 6,

I 3. 4,

f£Te

n,

'svS^a

21,

VIII 3, et pas.; cf. o rfe under Si Article, and fiev XIII 14; (^^ I 3 C. 4 Q; C Pro 3, XI 9, II I,

.

Dl3>

pas.

5,

5,

5

AL,

X

5, 6,

xai

ind.

et

=

XI

dLorc

;

fut.

n 4,

II,

t.

12

XII

seal yccQ

cf.

ei

VIII

ind.

5,

P

5

XXVI

6,

6,

Xm 3P

yovv

66

et j>as.\

2

XXII

subj. I

VII

D IV 4

L,

c.

c.

XXV 8 P

25

I 13

VTI

12,

"Edv 6;

C X

S^Xadi^

5, 6, 8,

2, 3, 5, XV 4 P, XVI 2 P, XVni 3 {bis\ XX 5, 7, 17, XXV 8 B, XXVI 3; C V 3, XIII 6; D VII 3; cf.

av

not attempted

is

1117

.

.

iitel

D

(^w);

XX

CIX

10

13 {pas^

IV 4PCC°; C XI 3; D VI 4 XVI 3A, XVUI 3H; C Xin I

XV

4 P.

XXII 3B,

20;

invi6^

14;

12

XVI 3P, XVIII C XIII 6

3

LP,


4

;

124*

Index of Grammar and Syntax

I.

V8, XII6L C XII 3; D IV9

iVw VI

sneira sri Ftt>e

ind.fut. II 5 L;

«..

D

C

I 12; t. opt.

XV loP;

subj\

c.

D IV

XX

5P, XVIII 16P,

8H, 16H, XXII

IV

2,

^yow

D

B;

II

III 8,

15

5,

2W

I

I9L: VII

^rf?;

XVI

XIII 2P,

5,

V

subj.

c,

XXV 3Q

1,

D

5;

2,

VI 4P, XIII

7 {ind.

1X8, XII

4,

IV

I 12,

XIII

2,

15, 16

C XIII

ind, fut.

6.

5,

Ka&dq

VI

I 14,

11,

V

Vn

12,

C IV

D

XIII

2,

iiQ,

XXV

IV

I 3;

XIII Ztl

V4,

6,

C Pro

loP;

tf/

pas,\

VI

10,

D

I 3, 7,

11

2,

9,

pas,,

et

= "va C X

5,

XI

3.

II,

8,

7,

IV

L,

xal

;

XV

6,

XV

6,

XXII

V

6,

VIII

XV

12,

XXIII 4H; fisv V 3PC, IX

-3, 5,

...(y£lV4HI, 5HIP,

A, XIII I, 3P, XIV 2. XV (P) 1,5, 8, XVIII 43P; CV3, X38, XI 4, 9; I

D

I

V3;

^ev

.

C XI

fisvxoi

VII

II 4,

13,

.

.

.

.

seal

C Xin4

fisv

.

fihv

;

IX

8 A,

pas, oh

^ubj. I

12,

13,

c,

IV

V

6,

XXIII

2,

VI

i;

11,

5P, 10

{bis\

18P, 19L, XX2H{?),

c

fxri

D

XIII 14;

XIV

.

.

,

XXni2; C

{bis),

ovte

C

{bis);

VI

10, .

P

7

6P, 7P,

XXV 3P, 5B .

IX

7,

XX 5H,

XVIII 4P, 9,

5,

subj.

I 2

VII

XV

5,

c,

ov fiovov

6;

xall 2W, XI

oi}V II 5 L,

.

ind, fut. I 13;

D IV

8B;

dXXcc

ovze

XXV 7;

D IV

8;

7, iiH, XXIII 4B, XXIV 2, XXV IB» XXVI 2H, 7H, 8H; C Pro 4; in direct address XXVI 4!; D I 13, VI 3 ov, ovx, ovx I 2C, 4L, VI 5, XX 17,

IV

9

ind.

t.

//^X?i

I

12 L,

11,

II, 15, 18,

I,

that II iL,

XXV

Mh

I9L

XXV 7Q XX 11,

14 P,

5 {bis) P,

XVI 4P, XVIII

et

XII 3

5,

inf.

c.

I 5;

6Q; C

7

= because IV

=

5

15;

L

7;

CL, XIII 6 L, XXV 3 Q, 7H; 6. j«.$;. C VII 7; D VI 4 Stc II 5H, VII 7 HP, VIII II, 1X5, VII

II 5 1,

16, 21,

^^z'^zw I i

14,

2, 4,

12 {tris\ et pas,\

ydQ IV

XII

=

VIII

7,

X

6,

;

subj,

c,

C

XXVI 3H; C IX TtaL I I, 2, 3, etpas,

14;

XXn

A'f'

2««''

'•

subj. I

Xni7;

13 L,

4B, SB; C Pro

{bis\

XXIII 4; C V4-

3B; D II 7 'Sitov XXII 20 P, XXIII 2

Srav

XX 2H. XXV 6P, XXVI

fut,, mss.),

XIII 3 P

3,

5,

II

c\

^vUa XXV 3 P, 7P ^zot C X 28 "Iva

XVI

13 [bis]

djtdtav

Stcws

XX20B

5,

XII

6.

2, 3,

XIII 12

"O&sv

"H XI

XI

3,

XIV

6P.

X 3, XII 6,

XVI iH,

3,

XII 6;

D

II 3,

2 {bis\ 3, VII

D

IV

6,

5P,

14H, XXII

VIII

subj,

I

7

IX 8P nil

c.

XV 4P,

XVII

XXII

iiB,

XII

V

5,

XXVI

inf. I 14,

r.

;

V

XVIII

XIII 2 {bis\ 3;

2,

5

3,

VIII

4, t.

18

{bis),

2;

CX

38,

//^

yitiU

ou

D

niflioq

6-.

Z^;-/. I 9I,

D I 3, D II 3

III 8

D VI

III 8;

nx^v c

gen. abs. II

7,

TtSte

XVE 5, VI 14,

TtOTS

X

XIV

2,

16,

4,

adj.

XX

16;

C Pro

3

I

12

i,

IV

L,

8,

IX

4, 5,

XIV

XX

2,

C XI 6

11;

II 5

L

XXV 3; D

Ttov II

VI 14; TtOTh f4hv M IV 5, VIII 4; CXI IX 3, XVII 2, XX 20; C X

dh II

Ttorh

L,

I

.

.

3,

46, 47, 48, 49

TlOV I

4

TttbQ I 3,

14

XIII

TtSd'EV II

8,

7, 8,

c.

6,

24P,

C IX

8P;

XX 6P; CX43;I)l4; IV VII

VI

II,

10,

XX

V 3,

14,

VI

XXV

6, 10,

5;

DI

IX 2, XI 7,

5,

3, 13,

XII

6,

IV

12


Index of Grammar and Syntax

I.

feDVIl4;

T^ ..

I3P, 7A, XIX

5fat

iH, XXII iB, 4; C Pro 3 (^w). X 29; D li I, III 2, 6 (3w), 8, VI 10, II, 13, VII

7,

8, 9,

4,

XIII

IV

9,

10,

VII

D

4, 5;

I 7, II I,

IV

II,

14

as

/ike,

I

m

II 3,

10,

XXVI

XXII 3B,

4,

5,

D

Tit C;

I, 5 {Sis);

=

about C XI 5; 5, XIV 6, XXIV XXV 7B; D IV 13, VI 8; .. subj,

IV

C XI iQ,

16;

2,

=

8;

inf.

XVm

XIII 14;

subj,

Vn

gen.

€,

c.

when ni

Del ind. fut,

OiGil

I

=

5, 6, 7, 8;

X9

HP,

D IV

8ri

-=.

;

^.

tVa

2

XIV 4,

nom,

XVtn iH, XXIII 3P, XXVI 6B &mBQ V 12, X 8H, XX 16, 17B; C Pro 2; DIV 16; 6. ind. CXIIS; DI 13; SigT (5fft£ c. inf. I iH, 2C iroaovtov), I 10, rV

V 5,

12,

XV

8P,

8H

XVIII

14,

ei pas,\ 6,

4, 5,

etpas,\

5,

6,

XII

I

9,10,

V9, VII

P

n 3.

I 4i

XIII II 7.

6,

VII

10,

8,

2,

I 4,

IV

XIII

I,

Q

with

8, 9, 10,

II,

o

V 2, 3,

XIV 5, XVIII

2,

^

tfe,

I

4, II 5, 6, 7,

inflnitive

XI

III 4,

IV

V

XXn

15,

7,

5,

2,

3,

5,

9,

(cf.

i,

2,

5,

IX

8,

5,

XIII 10;

4,

9,

VIII

2,

D

2,

14, II

2,

V

3,

X 42,

4;

6,

V 4A, Vni

6,

n AQ, i

VII

of

XII

I, 5,

IX 2C, A,

3,

6;

I,

C Pro

advantage

VIII

XI 3, XVI 4P, VII 2

XXVI

CX

3,

10;

D

4;

5

I

10,

4,

I,

2, 3,

3

44P; C X53;

5,

15

IX 8, 8—13; IV 16, VI 3,

XIII

I,

ace.

X

2, 5, 6, 7,

4,

and

disadvantage

IX

XV 8, XVIII

2,

D In,

III

Dat., possessive in predicate I

IV

III 6,

,

8,

D IV

3C,

i, 3,

9^111

3, et pas,]

53.

I 9(?), 11 7,

C XII

2,

I 4, II 7, 8, III

4, 7.

Dat.

3 C,

I,

XXVI

Dat., associative III 4, I 4, 12,

VI

predicate

in

Dative, indirect object I

IV

8 (cpiXog)

Aayndeta

D IV 2; D I 13

13;

5. 6,

9, et fas.] witli

6; with d-sdg

8

XXIII 4Hi; C X 12 Gen. with verbs I 2L, 4, 9C, II 6, IV i, V 10, VI 2, 8, VII 6, XVin 40, XX

XII

Omitted In prepositional phrases I

XXH

4,

38,

IX

possessive,

XXII

—19,

^ fzsv, VIII 12, XIV 4, XVIII 5P With infinitive, see Verbs inf.

i^^-

5

[errove),

naQa^ vniq

see preps.

;

C Pro

10, etpas.\ d (xh,

4,

with comparative XVIII 18 P;

6);

etc.

8, 10, etc.,

XX

XI

5.

adj. Ill 5,

XXII

see Cases-solecism

de,

5B, VI

etc. I

XVI 5P

3. 5*

13H; C VII Gen.

IV

IX

rore),

2,

I,

XII

VI3 Gen. of time, age,

XI i,

3W, 4B,

L, 2 L,

13,

Article Demonstrative

i

XX

I,

V

C Pro

II 9;

(XXIV

see Index III

II,

8,

Vm

1X9. XI

12;

8,

IV

2, 3, 6,

etpas.\

3,

Vnii-3,

7,

4> 6,

ite^ixxog, zQcxxogj

19H; C XI i; D IV 3 Gen. absolute I i, 2A, 4, II 3, 4L, 6, 7, IV I, 3, V 5, VI 3, VIII 8, IX 5, XX 3, XXII 13B; C Pro I {bis\ XI I, 3; D II II, III 8, IV 9, 13, VI 7 {bis\ n, VII 5; nounom. CPros, II7; D IV 5, XVIII

12

cf.

13,

Cases JVom. pendens I

Gen.,

H n 4, 7, V 9, VII 3, VIII II 4, 7, V 9; LI i, 2, 3,

Anacoluthia

VI

i, 2,

12,

8,

7,

6

2,

le^ekzo),

2H, XXVI 8H);

II

7,

VIII

2,

XII

7, 8,

I2,

V7toraxx(0j <pqlxxo), qwkdxxa)

V

VI IIP, VII iLC, VIII 4, IX 2 A, 6, X I, 8LP, XI iH, XV (P) I, 3, 5, XVI 2, XVIII I, 3, 18P, 19P. XX 17H,

c.

D

13;

Attic forms SiaTtgaxxm, elXiiOf ^Xattco, fixxd<x>j

=

I 2,

XI

10, et pas,,

4. 5

toivw C Pro

i2^

I^S"*

D

I 13,

4;

i,

C XI

VIII

8,

5,

D

XXV 4, 8, XV

IV I 6. adj, VIII IV 3, VI 12 ;

IV 5;


C

126* Dat.

of

cause,

means

XIV

3,

X 6,

6,

specification

XVI

I,

XXIV

XIX

D

C Pro

2;

XVII

6, 7,

43P> 44P,

15,

manner,

,

3L, 4C, 14, III 4P, V 3, VII 3, 7, VIII 2CP, II, 7, XI I, 4P, 7, XIII I H, 7,

I 2 V,

VI

II,

IX

Index of Grammar and Syntax

I.

XIII

2,

XVIII 2, XXII 20,

2, 4,

XX 4,

3,

II, 13, 14;

6,

VII 4 XXII 17; D VIII 2 Dat. with compound verbs I 3C, 4CL, 116, 7, 1117. IV 6, V4 VI II, 9, VII I, VIII 8, IX IPC, 6, X I, 3, 8, XI 2, 3, XIII I, XIV I, 2, 3, XV I, 4, 8, XVI 2, 5, 6, 7, XVII 2, 4, XVIII 15, 42, XX 4, XXII 20, XXIV 2; C Pro 2, X 31, 53, XI 5 (of. ace. infra), I 3, II

I,

XIII

7,

10, III 8,

2,

Dat. of time I

8,

6, II, 13,

14;

D

8,

6,

XX 10, XXIV I C IX 8; D VI .13, VII 3

IV 9PC, 9. XI7,

3,'

;

below under Ace.

Dat,, see

4, 6, 6,

D

10;

13,

IV

12,

17;

C XII

VII

X

5,

3,

iS,

XVI

D

IV

10

Ace. of specification, manner,

H,

II

4L, VI 9P, VIII

III

X I, 9, XI 4H, XX i; C Pro IV

V

6,

2,

I,

I

XIV

VII

etc. I

PL, IX L,

I

I,

XVI I, 4;

D

C, 4, 6, 7

(?),

XII

5,

3 C,

3,

infinitive I

VI

13,

XXII 5B,

C Pro

Nom. Nom,

i

XX 6,

2,

XXVI 5H;

5,

D

XIII 2;

5,

X

z, 6, 9,

XXIV

II,

XI

I,

for

Ace.

a<pQayLt,o)

H,

V

VII

XXVI

B

I 4,

IV

16

3,

VIII

VI

3C,

i

XXVI sHf, C

3W,

XIII 7 (aot)

I 5, II 6,

VII

6,

Ace. for Gen.

I

4,

I 5, III

D I7 IV 6H, X 6L

XIII 2;

SL,

XXII

[pLtxb. roircovg),

2Q

IV 6A, VI iiH, XX 20H; Oil, 3V, 8W, III, 017, V3,X42, XI 3, XII 3, 4, xin 5,.

Ace. for Dat.

14;

D

VII 6

[bis)

Comparison

of adjedtive sand adverbs

Comparative

i

VI

I

A, 3L, 4L, 6L, V4,

iP, 1X6, XVIII 18P; I 13, II

6,

C Xni2;

I

i, 7,

D

XVIII 20P;

H

5L, VIII

11,

XI

6,

II2

Compound

-words

cLvaxaXv7iT(o

VI

3P

avaxvhvSsQ) XIV iP avanxvoao} XXII 6 P

anaQaXaxtwq I 3C aTCSQivoJjTog C Pro 2 poo7iQ6ao)7ioq XVIII

yvvacxoitd^g XIII

X 5,

6, 7,

XXH

7C,

14, 2,

XI I, XII 4 [bis\ XIII 2, XVIII 3, 5, XX I {bis\

2,

10,

VII

3,

116,

X

III 5,

I, .2 [bis),

XV 12, XVI I, 4

(bis),

pas..

iP

P

i

6a(pv6^v?.Xovf XVEII 15P

i^aTtoaxsXXm XXII 16 Q

V

9

L P

iQvd^Qodavoo)

XXI 3B

7jfAi7t^6oQ)nov

VII

pea&v7t6oxf>f^<xt,

* I

C XII

i

xataxXriQOVOfiioi IX 5 P

xaxavvaaofxai 4,

IX

9,

12,

XII

9 (Dat.);

(Ace.) I

2, 5,

2, 3

L

i

C

htixaTtViC^o)

I I

I

Dat. for Ace.

irce^ovaid^Q) I s

Vocative

IV I,

Dat. for Gen.

Ace. or Dat. with TtQOOxvv^o) XXII 17, XXVI3; DI8, 1115, Villi (Dat.);XXII 20, XXVI 2; C XI S; D VI 8 (Ace); 7,

I4L, VI

for Dat.

Ace. double with dQXiQo) XI 6

XVI

VII

{bts\

aQQBvo^axia VI 4P

II

10,

Ace. subj. of

IV

XIII

12,

7,

i,

I

XXII

5,

5

Ace. for time when

I,

Pro

Xm

Solecisms

D

Accusative of extent of time or space

15,

C

2:

I, 4, 5,

I 9, II 4, III I,

VI

i7>

Superlative I

I 5,

XXV

XXIII 2, 8, XII

4,

II 4, 10, III 3

Dat. for prepositional phrase I 14, II 9,

XXII

2 {pas.\ IX

XX 3 P

xaxaTteQiTtoXevd)

V

loP

XI 6 P IX 7 P

xQTiiivopat^Q) Xvxvocxpta

fj.aQfjLaQ03C07ieiv{^)

X

loP


I.

X

IX 9 C

p^Bldtvoxi^arog

XVni

i^svQOX^^fxaig

Grammar and Syntax

Index of

17

P

C

8 L;

1X8,

127*

6vo%Q6C(onoq XVHI iP nhv&ovQyeo} XII 6 P %7toQfOQo6av6ti£voq XII 4P

TtQmtofiataxQ)Q I

V

C

4P

VII 6

ace,

^r.

;

D

VII 4

XII 6

gen. I

i L,

II I, III 4,

IV

ditb

XaXiv66sofj,a XIII

D

;

t.

civco^fv

I

i

gen. C IX 10; c, ace. XXII iiB; C XIII 8 avxl C XI 8

13L

fopSQOXQOoq XII

XIII

VII 4

'dvBv

X 6L

vTCOTtQoxdaaoi

III 5,

dvd

2B

XVIII I P XVIII 27 P

(^vgayyiofidg

.vTtoyivataxo}

X 6,

dat.

c,

D

[TtVTjvoTi^oawTtog :

III 5

Prepositions "Aixa

V 2L

nQ0B7tiGXQe(pa>

C

(pGLQayyei

5

C

a<pQayi6a^ -Sat Sig

^lOfOQ^O) XI 7 P

11, 14, II 9,

I 3, 4, 6, 8, 9,

X51, XII

10,

c.

IV

/tf

5;

(= vTtd\

C XI

4B,

4,

= contrary 5L;

dat. II

c.

5;

2P,

C,

8 et pas.\

c. ace.

XVni2oL, XXII 2 Q Craais xayibpas., xaxet VIII 5P; xdXBLVOq IX 7 P, -wq II 8 ; xoLlla XVII 5

aiQi Aid

;

xdXnUg C XII

5?

ravra

D IV 3

cf.

dXld, dvxL, d%b,

fiexdj Tta^d;

IV

7,

V 3, 8,

IX

8,

XI

place,

13;

I 5,

IX

VII 6, etpas.\ C means C X 53

c IX

I

iHI, 14CQ, II 2;

xn 2

8,

D VI

8lxr(v

Hebraismus

iyivsxOj seal iyivsxo^

XXV

XXII iP,

16,

lii;slg xe^e^g I I 13, cf.

V

12,

XXV

5

;

7B; C Pro

etc.

i;

XIH

I i, 3,

5,

XXII

ByyioxBV P,

C Pro

etpas.\

4,

^2^

2, 3» 5' 6)

X 2,

D

I

3,

18,

3, 4, 8,

I,

ivEQyeZv elg

14 (^^), 22,

13'

in 6,

CX

i,

23, 26,

to

29* 34» 35' 36, 37> 387 39» 52; e^?

Hiatus P VI u, IX

7;

C xni

ovofia

10, 12

C Pro Indirect Discourse

XXH

— Questions IV

12; cf. Inf. -with subj.

XXIV

i,

Ace.

ix I 2L,

XIV Latinisms xdaxQov CX 13, 24, 27 Abye6v XI 3, 5, 6, 7; XizQa XXI iQ; 8 iaxiv P XI 6, XV II TtQd rsaa. ;

;

f}fxeQ(3v

D IV

_

— case

av^Qsg

=

V in Ace.

Ace.

i

L

Third Declension

= iv XV

D

4 L,

XVI

VI 5,

3,

6L,

II,

12(5),

VI

8;

II, ^;«

8

oVo^a XXII 14;

e^e

;

6,

I

XXVI

iH; C IV I I,

C IX

;

XI

8,

IV

n

VI 5, X 9, XXI 2, XXV

8,

3,

XII

XIII 12;

I,

14 {^w), 15, ZQixov I 2L, XVIII 21 t.

gen.

IV

19Q, XXII 10;

13,

2 C,

D

VI

i,

III 3;

XIII

7,

C IV

2,

XI2

endings I

elg

5;

3(?); 4,

4, 5

D

XX Nouns

4,

XXVI

SfiTtQOoS-sv

14

B

A

iyyv9-8v

9,

IX

/ffj.;

/f^

12, II II, etpas.\

TtQd under Prepositions

5

7

20, 21, 24, 25,

TtQd 7tQOGd)7tOV

c.

6, 9,

D 1 6,

2;

Ttavxbg

8.

II 4; i, 2,

elg I 1,^3 C, 4, ^, II 3, 5, 7, 8, 9,

D

?# scvQwg d S'sSg

8B;

3,

D

VI

13,

5,

IV XIV 4, I,

5

^'Eyyiaxa C,

in

X

7,

C IV

I 7, II

time,

V 4, ;

Gender— solecisms

D 6,

8

etc., I 6,

4; etpas.',

XHI

ace. cause, II 2,

{xavta

7 P {iTtl avxo)

IX

dxovaag);

1

4,

VI

1 1,

D IV

ace.

c.

means,

XXIV 4; CXII6;

M, xaxa,

not observed VI 1

18B;

gen. agent,

15;

Easion,

XX

gen.

c. c.

ev I i

5

HL,

I,

{tris),

3 (/m), II I 10, et pas.;

IV 4, 5, 8, 9 C IX 10, X 8, 14,

(dts),


;

I.

Index of Grammar and Syntax

D

I i, 13, II 7,

128* et pas.;

38, 53 {dis\

14,

3,

IV

9, 1 1

VI

7,

r. infin, s=a

;

XX 6,

9,

D IV

6,

XIII 9;

while, since, I 4, 61

XXII

17,

h = Etq

16;

XVIII 28

2, 6.

VII

9,

X 5, XI 6 {iris\ XII 2, 3, XV XX 13(4); CXIU S» 6, 12; XXV 9; C IX 10, Xtl i; D

7 {bis\

XV

V

manner,

means,

et pas.\

D

XXIV

II,

X

5C,

I

C

40;

(cf. 24, 27),

5;

XIII

5,

I 5,

I 5

V

IX

9,

XIX

7,

XX

3,

I,

6;

C Pro I %^ii} XVI 2 P in&voi

I

2L,

9L,

C XII 6T, XIII inl

c.

II

XXIII 3B;

5L,

4I, 10 L, 11 8,

I P, IV 4, 5 CC°, V 9, etpas,] C II i, Vni 9, XI 3; €, ddt. I I, II 6 L, HI 3 W, xni 3, 6P, XVIII 44P, xxn 14, xxvi 5B, 8H; D VI 14, VII 4; c. ace. I i L,-

III

C,

V

2A, loL,

VII 2

;

14L,

II,

D

et pas.;

5,

k'oiq c.

2P,

2Q,

ircl

;

D

{diTtXovv)

II

sxaaxriq T^fiipag I 2Q, 3B,

bxdoTrjV fjfiSQav I 2H, 3 gen.

V 8,

XX4H, 5,

18 H;

VI

IIP,

8;

C XII

rd 2; iq)'

A

XV

18B, XXII 2B,

XXV

3V,

ktl TtoXv

inl TiXetatov VII 5

diTiXdaiov I iC, i(p'

II 2, 3, III

II 2, 4, 7;

i;

c

dat.

XX

XXII 2H, XXIII 2Q, s^o) XVIII 15P; h'mg inl TCoXv VII 2; ^Kog knza (poQsq C IX 9T; Fwg ou D I 12 t.

ace.

XXIV 5Q;

'i(oq

KaStbq I loL xaxd c. gen. I XI 6, xni 2,

i,

XV

II,

V

5, IX 3 XVIII 20, XXII

2, 4, III 7,

20B, XXVI 8H; C X 14: D II 10; Tit BI, Sub V; c. ace. I i, 2, 10, VII 3, VIII II, X2, XV 3, XVIII 21, XIX 3P, XX 2P, 12B, 19B. XXII 3B, 12, :^XVI7H,- CXSiT; D II 9, VI 6, VIII5; itad^" IVa XVIII 4P; siad-' hvbq hxaotov XVI 3 A; xad^ vrceQOX^v, vTtSQpoX'jv X 2, P; xard B, Tte^l C,

I2

XII 3 pLkaov I iL, pLBxd

14;

XV 7

flcc.(?)

t*.

3P,

I4B

12,

VI

XV

XIX

P,

I

V iP,

4,

1X8, X6(<5w), XI 9, XVI I L, XVIII 4, 22 P, XX 9P, XXII II, 16, 18,

13,

9,

6,

5,

XX

gen. I 6L, II 5 L, III

c.

3,

XXIV I P, 2Q {bis)^ XXV I, XXVI 8H, 9HJ C IX 8, 9T, X 30 {bis\ XI 7 {his) I

8,

11

10,

9,

1,

III 3 {bis\ 4, 8 {bis\ 5,

13,

C;

c.

1

VII

19,

D IV likxQi

XIU

XXII

6,

10,

VI

8,

V

4,

5,6,-

I, 2,

C Pro

9;

3

10,

Xin2;

Sub

Tit C,

;

ace.

c.

I,

XV loP, XXIV D I 12, VI 14

3,

Sig T,

XV 8, XX 7,

6,

7

12,

VI

7,

4H, XXVI iB;

4L, XI

4,

7 {tris\

6,

IV

TitC, Stib V,

4;

dat. I

2L,

V C X 4,

;

D VIII 6 XXV 6B

"OitiaHv bnla<i>

Haqd

V

gen.

t.

VI

II,

2C, P,

I il,

6,

XVI

XX

I,

9IC, Q,

6,

12Q,

21,

11,

XXII

I, XXV 7B, XXVI 6P, 8H; C 14, X 31, 34, XI I, XII 4, XIII 9; Sub V; D I 2, 3. 5t 13 (^^). II 3. 10. Ilf 7> I

rV

XVI 4B, XXIV 13P,

D IV

gen.

c.

M« C

II, 5

2AB, 3P,

gen. I

xdTQ)

D

ivavTiov XXII 2 HP ivwTttov

xavevatTtiov XXII 13

C

i6;

c.

XIII 9

;

dat. c.

V

7P, VI

ace. I

XVIII 37P; C X6; UtQi

1 1

H,

II 5,

II2

4H, Vr 10, XV 5P, XXII iP; D IV 4; Tit H, I, SigT;

gen. I

c.

17, c.

D

P;

4, 6, 8,

A, 3B,

I

XXV

2C;

ace. I

D

Vil 3

c xin 12 %Qb I 14, IV 6; X2; C XI 5; D IV 9; TtQb nqoGmnov VII i, X i, %}Jiv

I,

xni

I,

^^leQwv TtQog c.

e.

D IV

I,

D

II,

VI

c.

4,"

n^b

i;

XII

rsaa.

XXVI 8H; C X 4; ace. I

I2{bis\ 13,

CII3, V5, Pro II 5,

XVI

I4

gen. I 14H,

dat.

8, 9,

XV

14,

3,

I

A, 4H,

6,

11% etpas.; X50; DI5, 8, 14,

6, et pas.; for indirect obj. I

4B,

13BW, VI 6P, XII 6L, XIII 2, 3P, XV 14P, XVI iP, xxru iQ, XXVI 2 [bis) C I 9, 13 D I 7 [bis\ 8, 9 [bis], II, II 3, 4, 6, IV 4-8, Vli I, 5 ;

;


Index of Grammar and Syntax

I.

2h V 4P, XV

XXIK

iP,

XXV 9H;

2,

D

^^».

'YTt^Q '.

II 5;

ace, I

t.

I

3A;

L,

gen.

c.

VI 8

II,

6L, 9P, IX 6, 7P, XI

iH,

I

{bis\

2,

II 4, 6,

IV

XII

3,

XIV 4, 5 {bis\ XV 5, 6, 9, 13, XIX I, XXI 3, XXII 3B, 20, XXIV 4, XXV 3, XXVI 7H, 9H; C Pro 2, IX 8; D III 3, 6; c dat, C XIII 6; XXVI 5H, c. ace, XI 3, 5, XXII 8Q, 7H moxazm XI 7, XIX i, XXIII 3H, XXV7 moxoxdi^Bv C XI 7 XIII 6 {bis\

XG.QIV

s^Qtofiev Mxo>fi£v

%g D

Reduplication

I

ttvrog

=

I,

X

3,

15—20, XII

V

T

5

D

;

I

12, II 1,

{his)

iy(t)

passim

slq

as indef. pron. I

i A,

XX

3,

i

;

C

XU5 IV 6, VI 3 P, IX 2, 3P, XVI 2, 4, XVIU 4P; C

inavtovj kavTov

7P, XI

6,

D

XII 5; ifidq

V 4,

C Xni

5,

VI

12,

cf.

VI 4P, IX

12;

D

VI 3 5,

X 3,

UI2, IV

2,

XXIII 4P;

9

ffvsUQ,

4

{dis),

3 1115, X5,-

D IV

10, II,

VI

Ace.

passim

UNT.

XV

9:

2L,

8

McCown.

D D VII 2 XXn iP, n, 13,

XVI

2;

XX 17, D 16, IV

16

9,

5;

V

Vn4;

6L,

XIII

VI

14;

VII

2, i,

X

I,

1,

3, etpas.,

2,

IV II As noun Optative

4,

13,

XIII 2;

vi^ithout Art.

CXIII

2,

D

XI 6

12 S-sl^aaiev;

anoxQLVoixo, VI

i

III 5(?),

D

IV 4

xalQOiq, 12 yLV(b'

axoL Participle

Unnecessary XI 3 oV, XIII 2 ovta Future of purpose D VII 3 Perfect for Abrist II

D

9CL;

I 3, II 6,

II

With

av, idv,

el, €(og, 'cva,

dTKog,

wg

supra Adverbs

D VI 7 P XXV 8

Hortatory

revas

VI

XXIV

In oath

Verbs Inflexion Augment ^vsax^fijjv XIII

= Nom.

9;

V

8,

43, 53,

XVIS, XX6P, XXVI5, 7H;CPro

I

c/.

xlq

7C,

5,

Subjunctive 2

av passim Ttg,

II

I 4, 7,

8, 9,

C Pro

^lihsQoq

with Art. in oblique cases

14,

17B, idem

V3; XVIII35H, XXII 8; C IX 9T; D IV 3; ipse VII 6, IX 7P; C Pro III 2,

aeOQ>fiat07t87COirjfZ6VOV

— Syntax

I

Dat.

=

Third Person, passim\

XVI 2P, XX

;£,

IV 4P

ClXio, X

Pronouns

I 1,

XXI 4, XXII 7B, XXV 9H, XXIV 4B, C Pro I, 2; D 1 12, VII 4, VTII I 17,

i3e

I

2

V 5C V 5A

Periphrastic tenses

Gen.

VII

5

XUI 2H naQsX&mai D tV 6

Infinitive

ojfff/

X

IV9

Verbs

XX 2

5,

fiad'eZg

;^w^/g

XXI 4 VII I C

VI

116,

XIV 5 P VI 5H; C XI 7Y; D VI

s't7ta>ai

iveyxo)

C XII6 i)7t6

Future from Subjunctive (Aor.)

ayayw

Dlly

129'^

Prohibitions I 12, 13, 3

P

;

7tQoe<pi^-

XV

4P, XVIII 18

XIII 3

V

10, 11,

{bis\

XXII

VI

6,

5;

C


130^

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

II.

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

II.

a xal p' XVIII 38

P

"A^gaaii XVIII 22

'A^lov[S) XIII 2 L ayyelog v. XVIII 15 and Index "AyXa C XIII 6 'Ayxovliov

XVIII 37 P,

P XVIII

!A6wva-^l

cf.

14, 17,

III

AxoiVSwOcf. Udcovat

P V^

VII

P

T

[lao)\

AlywxE^ag XVIII

3P

A IX

^^cfV^^**? tfat'iMWV

X

I,

1,

11,

7, 9,

12,

13,

^Aa-

X 7UVW. dcfiodeoq T C X 21, 24T, cf. ^AoTSQwd"

'Aatagd)d-

'AazsQad)^ Ylll 10

PW,

daveQaid- Y,

TcegacoS^

C X 24 V,

o szBQog ^AaxaQO)^

W

6P

XVIII 37 H, dtyxo*'^^'*' ^ Sig A, L (aa>«(y), T

'Ax<ovs(aS-

XVIII 28H, xxovfis L,

ctpftov

«ftja

P

(Uev

XVIII 25 HP, <5A«^ L

LdAcJ^

pak XVIII 16P

9C ^Afv^^^ XVIH35H, dXlBPOQl^ P dXaxaQtavase

kUa^owA clfxa^a

I

XVIII 30P, XVIII 35 P,

jiXXepOQlS-

cf.

KaXa^aiiX

jifie/J-cov

XXV 2, C X 16,

idjMTECfr^our

cf.

5a?«?«5-

XIV

7

BaX^iOvX VIH 9P BaQOVXt^X VIII 6C,

'A^eXoi^^

dfiacfxaiv

V

C X 20

(JvacJO- XVIII 40 kvar^sS- XVIII 29

C X 45

III I, etc.,

V

piavaxid- XVIII 40P,

C

X 23

L

W

jindztj VIII 3, 5

XVIII

^esX^e^oviX

III 3;

III 3 peX^e^ovX ^F.LQaa^es IV 8V°, C XI 6, saepe,

BsX^iX XVIII 12 ^nQoa^ES C XI6,

!4^a?JA

-;^io:-

BaQaa<paiiX XVIII 6 (iJw), -<ia^ai\X L BesXlepovX III 1, 3, 4, 5 C, 6, IV 2, VII I, 2, 4P, 9, 10, IX 8, XVI 3 A, 5P; C IX 9T, Xi; ^eXt^s^ov^Xn

XVIII 33 P, aarjj^ H livztvadg C X 42T, cf. jizaviavovg 'A^TjO^v^XVUlsiH. <pf}^, d^i(j)<p^Ld-V ^And^ XVIII 32 H, agna^ P "Avoof/jg

i47roA;Jr

H,

-xta'JA

cf. 'AXevQi^d'

V4

jifxeXovS-

*!4vfT

V C

GfJLo6B(b

jicpaQQxp XIII

8

'^jcou^ra^a^A XVIII 13 L \4xxovfiB

"Aa^ioSaioq

kravtavov? C X 42 VW, cf. ^Avtivabg "AxQa^ XVIII 20P, cf. KazQd^ Av6a(XBQ)d- XVIII 26 H, avfiadecod- L Av&dSfjg XVIII 27 H, cf. Mav^wtfw Avro&id^ P, avrw^ H, XVIII 38

V^

V^

did Sig A,

L

C X 38

T, affzTJ/paJ^

7

aiao) Sig A,

apcoTo-

dgaxooaiiX P, a^aa?J^

k(TT£(>c&^

deQiov XVIII 28 H, dgvlov

did) Sig

aajJA,

cf.

deviov Sig A, T,

'A'QaiiX

dt^rftjjrf

k(7i8A

"idaivatXVlll 14 H, ddwvdv 'L, XVIII 17 A, 'A6tt)va^X P, XVIII 36 H, ddova^d-

XI 4, ^(ifl- P XVIII 40 H, dgSov P dqvlov XVIII 28 P, cf. deglov "AQTia^ XVIII 32 P, cf. k7t«| M^TOffaTjA XVIII 7 A {bis\ L,

"AQay\>

jipt^Ed-ipov XXV 2 HP, -e^t&ov Q "A^eXovd- XXV 2 Q, cf. 'Af^sXovS-

cf.

^nQoa-

^ee, -pseX

6W,

-/?eeA

IV 8W°, CXI

^EiQaafiss V, ^jjgtppEE

pio)VLX Sig L(?),

A

cf.

T

Miaved-

{^iQ)Vid),

V^*

(/9iO-

II

dgagd dgagi^ XVIII 29 H, agaga xdQaQa P

^o9^A, BoO'od^i^X XVIII 17P,

cf.

*o-


A PC

4

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

II.

^oX^ol d-aXdao'^g

VI 10

!^VTStav9Ji^;t

VII6VW

-^oi5;iCXi9,

XVni

BovXdovfii^X

^VT^ttv^i^A

22P,

cf.

Mode^^X

fovXtaXd VII 6

:

X

BQiad'dq

Bn Xni 3H,

BQiaQioq

P,

Bvlov^.

ij

C IX 9 C IX9T

^Egfi-^v

XIV4

*'fi'()a>$?

cf. '0/?vgov^,. l4/9i;-

VI

"^EaneQla

7

'Etpmnag VI

XXV

I,

XVni

Va§QiiiX

rXaiiexiiiX

12,

6

VIII 5 H,

cf. AapLSX^iiX,

ZcJA)?

xvm

XXII

18,

D

9,

VI

XXIV 10,

ir,

13

ZvyoQ

I, 2, etc.;

XV

dtd^oXog III S^C,

11,

DI

10

XXII 20B;

Z(OQ<i)iiX

C

2,

XH6

XVIII 19P,

cf. 'PiC^w-iiX

fifiixQixaXog VIII 6, 7

^^a> Sig A,

7, 9, III I,

4P

XVIII

Sy'cJiOV II 2;

XVI 3P; CX Seajiozeia C IX 10

U

XVni 3P

t,o)6Laxdg

rfftTTitJ^w

8, II

XVIII 21

cf. 6La<p.

dexavog XVIII

I 5,

VIIIs,

'QiC.apov

15

I3W,

SfKipvtbv

D

4,

^a^ovrjj XVIII 21

XVIII 20 A

sd^vTj

XII

7; "EipLmtag

ZapaQ'Qng C XII 6

V9

yXdvog

J«Jv

A

5,

XXa-

fisi^X .

C XI 1, iXx^iav^TjiX V, W, x'^iav<pdX T

^^p^g VIII 3, 6, 8 ^iQi.<pog

H, ^laO-aov^X L, pQisd>

1 1

131'

cf.

3

Iq6)

Sta<pva>v I 3 V, cf. rfa^v.

^aXXdX VII 6

^//%o$ XVIII 3P dogbv XVIII 1 1 H,

cf

.

I^<pavS(bQ

XVin2iP SovQov XVHI 23

ia^ XVIII

Sovvri

SgaxovTOTtaig

V 4 LP

d^axovtonovg

V4HIC

SQdxwv VI i;

10,

XII

"idr,

I, 6,

ca^ao) Sig

XIII 5P,

XIV

CX40 VIII

/IvvafiiQ

^afiig

cf.

1

6 A,

cf.

ia8

XVIII 16P XVIII 18

Icisib

3, 10;

C IX 9U

cf. 'laoiQ^

XVI

H

'lafiiS'

Index III

V^

XVIII 27 P, 'laxd}^ XVIII 22F '/a5-fti^

"la^

6 LP, la^i

IX 8 P

7aT^fJ| XVIII 20 L,

cf.

KaxQd^

XVIII 16 L, Sig T 'Icca)d- XVIII 13P, oa^awd^ H, XVIII lao)

iaeXVlUisH, has 'EX^ovqI<ov IXsiiB'

VI

"EXx^v

IX

8 P,

C X

7

L, las

cf.

25 A, £«da»^

"EXiot

ISiovS- XIII

17

C XI

'EXriiavipri^X

A, T,

i

V,

cf.

Evx'C,.

iXsi^d-

P;

Vr

VI 8, XI 6, XV II %avd-d XVIII 30 H, ivevovd^ P 'Efi/iavov^X

'Ey^ipiyog J(ig

XV

CX

41

2;P

P

3H,

cf.

k^?oii^

Zfa^ XVIII 15L, ^ae P,

"EXwiYlSU iXmd- H, L(?).

F

P

XVIII 16P ^IsQond XVIII 21

cf.

iai

IsiXip

Sig

P XVHI

L,

IsQondx H,

jiavJA ls(b

15 LP,

^f(i H, 16H

IHd' XVIII 16P Zov Sig

T

iovda XVIII 21 A, iov6a^it,7i

P

^e(»o-


132*

Index of Angelology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

II.

'lovMX SdXov

XVin 9P,

KacQw^avov-

cf.

^^£;iCX34V, vBVsXW, dsX^ijXj Aeovxo(p6QOv XI 4P,

Iqo} Sig T,

xvm

laa&x XVIII 22 P ^x&Qoyav C X 12T, cf. N xaQO>yav "iX^vov XVIII 36 P, ix&vog H 'IxBvQ XVIII 3 P l<O€t08 Sig A, V^ i(as)ik XVIII 16P iwso) XVIII 15H, cf. led)

Xl^avog VI 10 Al^ TsxQa^ VII 4

AvxovQyog XVIII 37 P,

Vni

also ;?«-

vixota^X L, r/;cora^A H Kazgd^ XVIII 20 H, taT(>cE| L, «T^a^ KXw&d> VIII 3, 7

XVIII 32 KoQV<p^ dgaxovrmv XII 6 Kov/isXf^X Kovfievta-^X XVIII 19 P, cf. SovpeXtl KovQxa^X XVIII 1 3 HP, xo(pxaiiX'> H, pfOPf

KqlvsX C X 29 Kgidq XVIII 3P, 4 XQOXoq VI 10

Kgovog

XV

KxOVflSj

cf.

KwdTtr^yog 1.

H, p^uvo^ttyo Cr,

xwda^ccxov'?

Kv(t>v

X

I, 2,

8

33

fiagf^agoiodL,

W,

fzagfici-

P

VniSC

Maxi^wvfx

CX

Ma^'^'^i"^^

3

C X 40 W,

V, fxivyox

T

XVIII 40 H, (iriXxco P ;M£A;(c(A VII 6, /^fAxcJy W, t^sXx&yt IffAxov VIII 8H, fieXxoviiX L

V

Jfcivyer

fzfjvyet

fieXno}

cf.

14

fi§Xn<s)

Migayxovg C MiQaxlrieX C

X 43 W, X 36W,

iWf;ta3jA I 6, II

4A,

III

5I,

Sovfx^X

Xa^^xaXaX

P,

cf.

Afyfwv XI 3 (<5/j), 5 (^if>), 6, 7 Asixovgyoq XVIII 37 H, Xvxovgyog

MjtTjXsx

^i^.

C X

W

MtJ^«r?i^A

P

MvQayxovg

cf.

i»/v^«r?t^^

XVm 5;

DH

6

//orffjJA

L, ^ovA-

-^

8

MvgayxovQ' C

Aaaagdx C X g

cf.

2

Mo6Ep^X XVIII 22 H, Aafisxii^X VIII 5 C,

28,

MtavsS' XVIII 40 H, ^lavaxld^ P Mitvyor cf, (Mffvy^

5

(-ov)

fiaSovcoQ H, ^ay-

H, ^BXVQOv

MsxaHa^ XVUI

l4.XTOVf/6

XVI 4

gdd-

av^arf^? H, vs-

Maxaxdx cf. Maxaxdx Max^ov XVII I

firiXxib

xvvdnaozov P, Kwdanaaxov

L,

MagSigo) XVIII 23 P, dga^ovQOvv L MaQfxaQaa)[^) XVIII MaQfiagdi^ VIII 7 V, fiaQXVQOiO-

P

fjta-

P

<pd-a6a

12

KdQXivoq XVIII 3 P KaazisX C X 39 KaxavixoiariX XVIII 15HLP,

S2T, /laxxaxdx W,

^cJA^ XVin 36 H Mav^adco XVIII 27 L,

P

W

KavcovrjX VIII iiV, xavygy^X

W

26 TV, ^wayor

V

Xccxdx

3, 1

Kaga^X XVni ICapaTi C X 27

C

I 3

Maymx C X

Maxaxdx C X

P

KfxXat,a^X XVIII 30 H, dXXat,o6X

Aux.

cf.

Xvxvog VI 10 liayaxd

Kaxlatrj

X 22

C

AOVTIT^X

Kai^io^avovSdkov XVIII 9 H, xaiQi^evov6dX(i)V L, lovddX

A

Xeovx6<pqov

XI 4, 7, Xeovx6fiOQ<pog P ^fpw^;i 18, ^ox;i)}rf p ^ewv XVIII 3P, Sig A, T, V^

cf. iiQO)

X

43 V,

C X36V,

fivQaxhg T,

fxvgdxisX T, /^c


II,

Index of Angdology, Astrology, Demonology, Magic

X49VW, va^dX T

Na^iX C

va69-y va^dS-

P

VI

UsXojv C

CX4

UfanovQ

TleQawS-

CIX9T CIX9T

NaxtisX

B Vni loH,

nXdvT] VIII

JIx€Qod^nx<ov

'O^SovS- XIII 3P,

Paafxex C

cf.

X cf.

k/^^ov^, 5v?ov^

^eveA

U^rfd-

OvoffpceAtg

IV 2, 4, 'OvoaxeXov IV 2 WC°,

4WT°W° 'O^isvg C X

15

XVIII 8P, o^OTtoXog L, a^o-

H

ov Sig A, T,

V

H

XVing, XVin27P;

II 7 L,

Ov^ojjA XVIII

TtaAmovA

I

X loUW,

X4

'Pa^ XI

4P

"Pa^avaiiX

XV

6,

"Pa(panX

V9, Xni

6,

Scc^ccttiS'

ov-

XVIII 7 L ovgiped VIII 9C 5L, ov ovQov H, cf. ;

XVIII

13,

cf.

BaXtLsX

X 46 VW, 7iaXta(pdxe T TXa^idX C XII iVW, IZaAtTteA T?. T, XIII 12 TtaTif'A V, naX-

D VII

Safia^X

SavacovisX C

^aTc^A C cf,

asQaq)ifj.

<jyE-

V^

X

37

X

50 VW, T«<Ja)JA

T

T

JJa^aj^X &a<paS-0Qa7'jXP

XVIII 34

2ov}£Xxl XVIII 1 9 A, xovfzsXxi^X P aovyf a>« Sig A, aoviewd T, aovyf co V^ SovTii^X

18

L,

^arcapar^^A C X 47 VW, aaQax^X Sa^axiiX C X 35

SXOQTIIOQ XVIII 3 P

X

?tt>(io>?j;iP

2, 4, 5

^exagdX C X31

C

23P

8,

L,

ciJlaSd', XVIII 15,

Sa<p&0Qa^XXVlIli6A,

sC

C XII iT,

W

XVni

(-a>e;i)

28P, Sig A, T,

ffa^rtU

//avwv

Qasfih V, pat-

^Podnx C X 5 'Po^A^rf XVIII 18P, cf. ^f()G>)JA ^Pva^ XVIII 5 P [bis), cf. Oi)()o;};i Qv^ XVIII 24 40, sometimes qL^i or qt^^

UaXxd<pwx£ C

tte

T

7

"PlQw^X XVIII 19H,

2ci<pai^X

JlaXitLBX

;toT5moe

3

T

'P«i/9doe

16,

6 TioXvnad^g XVIII 39

6ip9-aXfi6q,

XIV

Sa^a^X XVIII loP, oa^ai^X

OvQi^X II 4Q, 8, VIII 9P, XVIII 7, 9H, XVIII 27 id^i^X) L; ov^ov^X II 4C,

QOveX

X44VW,

ouvtou Sig A, T, V^^ {ovvTj)

VIII 9 A,

V

(^v)

C X 28

OvXeog

karc-

XVIII 26 H, ^ai^w^ L "PaQidBQtq XVIII 25 A, ^op^^ P

4H, 10, 14 H, II I, 9, III I, Dili 1,4, 3, 4PC, IX 3, XX 6, ii; IV 4, s, 6, 7, 12, 13, 18, Vll I, 2, 3,

^EoAov

cf.

"PatovQ}d'

'0()w'ag I 2,

'OpOTTeA

ytev-

9

3,

noTt,ki£Q C

ter

'OeXi^v^X cf. '0;i(ifl-

cf.

33

tcsqemQ- L,

yi8P, cf, Ilaxix^ 9W, TuaxtQovfA.

7t£V(yrt;ca>

MavS-arfw Hiixotd'^l XVIII 15H, cf. Kazavix. NTaQ(oydv C X 12, trapoyav T

C

cf.

13

Iliaxtjipovfi I

mx

TtatixeX L,

Sig

iVevfA cf. yleVfA

Ns^d-a6a

T

XVin 3P

8 H,

X

7Cf vTcA^a

vd^Soq VI 10 iVaj^TiifA

TtaQBXxoQlov

6,

II 2,

vafinaXai-

T

xov

na^d-evog Tlaxixfl

C X 51VW,

NanaXaiscov

L,

X

C

/7a(>^A

Na&d}&(o XVIII 24 H, vaS-aS'(b{'^)

isr

axaxxii

C

X 14

VI 10


1

Index of Greek words

III.

134'" avQ}>v

XVin

23 P (pav-

L

6<o^6v

Sg>epa^X cf. Sa^a^X Sq}6vdovai^XXVlll loP,

aipBvSsvai'jl'H.;

X

C

XVin 3 P

ThQa^

cf.

cf.

2<pevd.

cf. ^A^ria^vQ'

XVIII 34P,

cf.

4>vaimQ^

V

.

L,

P

^o^oS^X XVni

17

A, |9o5^A

P

4*6vog IX 2

^voixoQ^S^ XVIII 34 H,

cf.

4>?jatxLQsd-

^/|

C XII

T?a^cEA

S^avdio^

cf.

L,

^evdevarjX XVIII 10 L,

(pvovvo^orioX

50T; cf..2:ara^A

TavQOQ

1 1

0^7]V86d- XVIII 39 H, tpd^vod- P g)vi]6iafi6q XVIII 32 ^vovvjy^fjJA XVIII 24 H, gyvowifpa^X

III

rayid-a/xdv VII 6VW rdX Va 6H Ta^aevq C X48W, tagasq Tatfa^JA

X 32 4>avd(OQ6v XVTII 0aQdv C X 2

^Tjaixi^id-

Index

afp^ayl^ct) cf.

9C

^axaveX C

^^d- XVIII 3 1 P,

L XVin 23 P

(pevdovai^X a<p^v7iQ

I

<p(xd-txXd

S^pavSmQ XVIII iiP, doQdv H,

XIII 12, 13,

i,

77aA-

cf.

XCiXxoq XVIII 28 Ti^EQeTtoveg

TSiffv^f^

C

C Xii,

-wvfg

X

^-^av.

TV,

I

UW i

T,

'EXzt,Lavq)idX

cf.

Tovy^X C

XeQOV^l[i XVIII 34 XXafieiiX VIII 5 L,

3P

To^dxTiq XVIII

C IX9T

Xatfiirjv

UW, XI

til

'

X 30

XIII

rXa(iB%iiiX

XV

VI 8P, XI 6P,

XiW(y'

XVIII 3P XVIII 15T, 16 A

cf,

6P IIP

'r(fpo;c6og II 2 (^^),

viol Sa^adfd-

III.

"Afiareg

XVII

a^vaaoq

II 8

tt/aAAiattj

XIX

ayav 1 1 dyandQ)li, ^yttTtJy

2

C

i

II

P 3L,

XXVI

X 36 D I2 XV 9 P, XVI

ayyeXoq TV 10, XII 4, XIII 5; B,

I,

Sig C,

dyswTjzog

IV

I

V

i,2,5H,

7H

XXV 7 B

3, 5, 9,

DI4,

VI

7, 8,

2,

8;

118;

C

ei pas.

3C; C IX 9

V 9L,

12BC,

I

XI Tit

D

8;

13C,

iL;

dyoivtCfOfiat II ^ASdfi

D

C

X

d6eX(p6q VIII

VIII 8 C

D IV

14

IV

15

53

XXII iHQ,

qdriq

ddeXtp-fi

D

13

II 2,

ddandvTixoq "AddQscng

4

II 5B, 9, III 7;

II 7, etpas.

III 6

12,

17

IV5PCC°; C XI

dyxdvi]

aym 7,

XX

5,

dygvTCvla XVIII 32

VI 4, 8, XX 14B, XXVI 8H, 9H, loH; C X 53; D n 8,

ayioq

5

3

dyQLOQ) XIII 5

dyanrixdq i^yyf tov

X

C

aypioq

i

dy^oq VII 2, 3,

a'

IV 5 P

dyxa)v

ayvl^w C XII

D

cf.

Index of Greek words

BC

~ scQELxxoiv

aya^^o?

a>^fV« XVIII 38 P,

8,

9

-Qfig

P

C


P

H

P

Index of Greek words

III.

kxaiQog IV 8

i>6iaXsi7tro>g III 7

xviiis,

&dLX6(o

XIII4,

Sidixia

SSq)

D

Dins

7;

XVIIIisP

otxatdQyTjzoq

10, cf.

Index

II

^CiXXIIsQ XXII 5 H MQiog XVI 3i XVIII

3,

XXII

i,

XXIII

2,

XXIV iH; TitB

IX

D II 2, 4 afjSwg D II 3 XX 15B, XXIV iQ, 2Q, ^^p VII 4; C Pro 3, X 2, 41, 44; D VI 13, a^tZTjtoq XV 5 &Hvaxoq D VI 17 mfJLLXoq X2P, XX 4 I,

'

3,

14

7

(id-eafioq

D

Aiyvnxtoq

^lywrro^

aW

D IV

axQi^^q axQig

XXVI

10

C XII

aiQio)

atQO) II

VI

«AAa

5

X 9,

5,

XII

4,

XXIII

3;

D I 5,

P, 27, 28

XVI4P, XX8P, 8

I,

Adverbs and Con-

junctions

dXXdaao) VIII 4

IX i XI 2

«U^;ia>v

CX3: D IVi

^AAoiOo)

V

7,

XVIII 30

Vni

I,

8,

aJJtla

XX 18Q alxfiaXwala C X 36 at/(W«Aa>ros C X 14

ttUog

al<pvi6iQ)q

I

I,

XXV 8B, D VI 14 aldtvwq

28, 45)

2,

31 P(?),

XXVI 8H; C Pro i HI 7, XXVI 8H; D

diedd-aQToq II 5L, II 4,

HI

I,

IV

12,

XI

dXXoZQioq

XXIV 2 Q, XXyiSB, 9H; C Pro 4;

XVIII

13

C

Vin 7H. lA

Index

cf.

2j;

XXIII 4

10

aizsa)

atW

5

5

XX 8 H,

aXxi/xoq I

5

10

XIII 4

aXlaxofiai

5

VI

VI9

XVIII

3,

dXri&(bg

XVIII 31 XVIII 31 H

D

6

(iA^^gm XIV «A7?^g V II, XII 5

XXV 6, 7 XXV 3, 4

2

2P

XII

C XII

JxXyriaiq 5

VI 4P, VIII

;

8

dXn&tv&g C XIII

XII

i

X 6, XXIV Vin iiP

dxQOymviaXog XXII 7, 17; axQOv VII 6; D I 12, II 4 &xztGzoq C Pro 2

aifio^goog

a?(>f«^te

XIII

10,

XXV D IV I,

I,

-tt>?

alfioQaaiai'?)

aivio)

II, 22,

5H,

IV

dxQOaZTJqi^)

aXyB(o II

5;

I,

4.

aXaAtt^w I2L,

C IX

XXII

5,

axQaxog XVIII 31

c(;fG);ioet

L

XXVI

VI

9, 12, II 5,

5,

fXxQa XXIII 3

'dxojv

6

II 10

alyiaXoq II

4,

XVIII

14, ei paA,

3

X2; D I4, 6 a^ed)QTjxoq C X 31, 53 'd^Xioq XX 7, XXVI 6Q; D IV

3C,

XV 4,

5,

XXVI 6Q; C X

arjd^Q

a^gdoq

dxovaroq XXII iB ttpfouw I 2,

degiazoq* XXIII 2

^^BQanevTOq IX

3

dxovzi^o) VII 8

hiSLO<;

aBvfila I 3

X

CLxi<paXoq IX i C dxoXovMo) III 4 dLxoXovQ-og I 14L ;

C XIII

Unoq VI

D II 2 XV 5

dxaXXwTtiotog

VIII 2

krftt>Vffi'

I3S'

dXX6g>vXoQ

5,

XV

XXVI 3 VI 4P

aXoyoq C X 8 aXg XVin 34 ciXvatdioxoq

aAvatg

XV

XXI

3

7

ccAv(j(;oe(?) II 6

5,

XIII 4;

L

XVIII 40; C

D

I

13

X


H

136*

Index of Greek words

III.

akvToq V II, XV 15 iiL; cf. Index

X

C

dva.xoXi.x6q

15

dvaxQipo)

V

afjiaQxrifia

dvatpalvco

CX

kfiaQxla

dva<pi^(t} (?) dva<p6Qsatv

a/jta I

a^eXso)

D I 6, 11 V 8, VT 4P I 9H XXVI 9H; C

CLfxiiV I 1,

dfivdq

Prepositions

I,

D

X 9P

ttvcyo^ov

XXI 2B

XX XXV SB

i,

D

dvay)vx<o

dva^alva)

XVI 3, XX 14 XX 16 H avafiipdiw XXV 7 C X 2 dvayyekko) C X i, XII i, DI

dveyeiQo)

avdfiaaiq

dviXTtiGxoq

avaytvotaxd)

dvayscd^Q) VII

XXIV

I 2,

V 9,

II 5, 6,

XXVI

3B,

I

;

dval^tjT£(o

XXII 8B, XXIII 2P,

9 1,

C X 41 C XII I

dvdO'Tjfxa T> II

i

dval^Eoiq XIII 4 dvai^io) X 3, XVII 2,

3,

XX

7,

13;

C X29 dvaxXlvQ)

D

dvaxQa^w

I

3P

I

Q

12

III 4,

IV

3

7;

C

ava;r«v(7(?

XX

Index

cf.

XXVI iQ; D IV XIX i P

ttvaar^JlAw XVIII 29

dvaGXQi(po} XVIII 12 7

P

D

C XI

dvxiki]tpiq

H L

V 5,

II

5,

i

C X

6;

3,

30;

XVIII 42

20, 23

I, III 4,

D

VII

3,

XVI 4P

VI I,

4,

7

D III

I 7

8

XX

dvxmaXalo) «vr//f/^

IV

3,

dvoixodofiBO) I

avTi

VI

3

18; r> I II

17.

dvofxia

I,

VIII 10

dvolyvv/j,i

dvanxvaaw XXII 6P av«7trtt? VT loL dvaando) D VI 13 dvdazaaiq C XII 3

IX

n

dviaxrifit II I3>

IV

VII 6

dvifido)

16

XVIII 22;

10, 8,

13P; C IX lo

C X

ttvodo^ IX 5 P, 5

7

6 ^/?/aj,

I 5,

<xw(TTct(w

16,

VI

14,

I

XX

dvlazoq XVIII

5

XXV

X 44; D IV

V9

<xvQ-Qa^

dv&Q(07idx7iq

dvanavo) I 4, dvan^ddd) IX 3 dvaTtxEQOoi

7

3P aVTjpoq II 3 C ttViJp V 4L, XIV 4, XV C X 29, 30; D I 2, ni dv^io) C X 6

D

A

XIV

VI

dv6x<o XIII

av^Q(07ioq

11

I

dvakiaxco

D

37;

XVI 4, XX 11, XXUIs,

dvd-Qwn6ijLOQ<poq XVIII

11 9

L dvaxvXivdsQ)* XIV iP dvaXTL^(j) I

avcTToAjJ

I, 6,

VIII

L,

dv&^Q)7tiv(oq

dvaxpavyd^Q) VI 9 P dvaxgivo)

D I

dv&QoSmvog

dvaxakvjiTO) VI

18,

«V£TOff II 6

av£v

6 6,

i

aveaig VI toP

3

XXIII 3P,

8,

vi

3,

C X

2, 3;

dvsQXOfxai XI ^

D VI

6;

m

i,

dvevSoxoq XI 2

XXV

12, VI 10 dvayvovq XXII

II

II

XX 20

dveQfii^vevxoq

L

6 dvayivcbasewv

dvdyo)

D

XXII

otvf^o? II 8

[pas\

5ff.

IV ii C X9

dv6QayaB-ia

8,

XVIII

XVIII 37

dvax(OQlq{'>)

;

X 9L

10

av cf. Index I avd cf. Index I

XXVI

3

ttva^o^eue

i

XXIV

afi<p6x8Qoq

12

dv<xX(OQB<o XIII 3P,

XVIII

afJiOQ<poq

Pro 4

10

I

I

I 2,

«vr/;Cfi()Oj' I

17

XXV 4 4

2W, 4C

8

XX

iP, XXII


PP

iiVtlx£^QO(; I 2,

Ww Hva)

anoxQLGtq

4

D IV II, VI V 12L, Vn I,

VI

XX

DV

a^ibXoyoq I

X 9H

XV

12A,

5P; C Pro 2

X

13,

XXVI

D

5,

C XHI 6P, XIX 2P, XXVI 6Q; C XII i, XIII 14 3C,

^naxam IV 6 C, D amz£d)V C XIII I

D

C

XXV

6,

D

te()ycJ5o^«£

VI

2

anoxeXim VI djtoxkfxvat IX

XXII 5P

aTCO<palvo)

XVI

mtbipaaiq

a'JtOXO>QB(i>

and

cf.

iP,

12

C X

XV

anoyovoq

II 4,

13

XXV 2P

XXVI 8B

a7toyQd<p(o

XXII 1 1 XXII 15H,

ajiodsixwfii

an66si4iq

XXIV

XVI

amdidwfit

iC, 2L, 12P, XXII 6

viTfo&v^axQ) I,

C Xni

4;

D

XXI

VI 10

XX 13B, XXVI 9H; C Pro D IV 10, Tit C, V I

3C; C XIII 10

V DIV4

'XIV2P;

3,

VII

7P,

iB,

i,

4,

XI

I,

15,

9,

12,

14,

VIII SLP'';

8,

XXVI XIV 5

^J();fOc C XII 6 aQ^a VI 10; C

^Aqo Sub

16;

D VI

XVIII

44,

i,

3

XIX

2,

XXUiiB; CX4,34;D VI2

(i^yvQOq XVI iP; C aQyv^ovq XXI 3 c(.QxiQ)

3,

I

aQi^(x6q

htoxHfiai XII 4; D I 12 ^noxXenxo) XVIII 30 ^TtOXQlVO) II 2,

8

XXV iQ

I,

aQyvQiov

2;

aTCoseaUnxio

D IV

12-

3P

V5Q

"Agaxp XXII

I

XXin

^7to6oxifi&l(o

XXV 8B

53

XXIV

3

btoSixofiaL I

XXIII 4B,

aUQaxxoq XIII 3 ayrrfl* II 3, VI 10, VII 5, XVIII 24P aiCfbXEia VI 4 P, XIII 4, XXVI 5Q OLQalz'L, XIV 4, XXII 12B; DIV4 liQapia II 5, XII 4, XXII 2, 4, 12, 19,

Index I

anb^aaiq

7,

XIII

oi7toX(OQlt,a)

XXI 3B

4,

6

XX 6P II 6L, XX

aiti^XOiiai pas,

XVI

2W

XIII

PC

anoxL^TifjLL

4

C

aTtoaxi^o) VIII 8

ankaloq XXIII iB KTTtffr^o XV 13, XXII aTtXwfia

L

XVII 4

a7toa<paXl^w

XIII 9

II

i

2

I,

aTCoaxQe(pa}

I 2

C Pro

XIII

anoaxofiaxtC^o} XVIII 21

I 5

msQtvo-^zog

C

anooxeXXoi I 7, XII 5, XVI 4P, XVIII 29P, XXII I, 3; C XIII 12; D I 3, 116,

V2

ATisdtjTixdq

P

aTEOTt^CCJ'CCW

«;ro(Trar75

VIII 5;

7

VIII 9 anoTtvlyoi II 2

6

X4

C

18

8P

XX 4

anons^Tto) IX

VII 6

^;ta(>«^X£j;^T(we I 3

hieifii

X

I

anovoia

5

XX 20

ttTtt^TJ?

D VI

V6

aTtOfiSQiQm VIII

^waireo) III 7

I

2

XV 13, XX 5 P 4A I 4, XXIt 11; D IV

dndXvaiq

15

a7i;o;iT;w

(J6(>i(rroe

anaq

XXII

V

9

VI 4P;

aTtdXXvfii

V4

(i;ravT?i

IV

XIII 2

aitoXoyla

XX

Aitayo) I

cj^rate

D

cCTtokoyeofxat

i

«o()aTO? I 2L, XIII

«?ra/p^

oL7t6xQV(poq

aTtoksiTtat

I

I

Vii,

hU<oixa

C Pro 4, C X 53

CLTtOXXElvO) VIII 9,

Index

cf.

^va><ps^^?j avaxp^Qeaiv'i

^^t^u)

I 13,

VIII 5

8,

^vwB-sv

Urn

D

15;

4H

I

anoXQVTCXO)

8 2,

I37HC

Index of Greek words

III.

V

i

;

X

C IX

X 41

23

9


H Q

P

1

HI, Index of Greek words

138* VII 7

aQ7tdt,<o

aQQSvopaxla VI ^QQTixoq

D

4P

VIII 7

XXU ^

5,

U 4, 5, 7, V 9P, VII XXV 2P, XXVI 9H; D

m2

D

in6W, C xni3

5.

II

avr/za

n

15,

XXIII

2;

Vm

Ill

9.

5,

XII 4; C Pro

VIII 3

II,

6V, XVI 3P, 5P; D I 12, Vi, VII

5^

XII 5;

25,

V

C

6

D

Pronouns II

I

XVIU

7,

C XIH

40;

XX

17;

13

«^£yy?j5 D a^jj C XII

5

8; D IV9 XXVI 7B; D IV 4, XXIV I

a^iVt I2L, IV

XXV

XXVI 6B

AaavQiot

7B;

D

D

VI

3,

XX D IV 16,

fidXXo)

^aQvq

C X

2;

X 2,

6, 9,

V 4,

VI

7,

3,

D

VI 5 aa<paXxoq XVI 7 da^aXibq IV 12L, XXII dawpiaxoq

II 5

V

^daavoq

L

XXVI 5B

D

;

7,

I

VII

6,

VIII

XI

5,

6,

IV^ XVI 5P

I 3

XXI

3

XV 8, 12, XIX XXI XXV 9B(?), XXVE 4H, 7H, 9H; C X24, Xni 7; DI 12, IV 6, I

14BC,

i,

I,

5,

5,

VI

I,

VII

2,

^aaiXeia,

V

2

D Vin 4

iP;

toc II

paalXsLOVj to

vni

4,

5

^aaiXeiq saepe ^aaiXevo)

C X

PaatXixdq

I

12; Tit

14 L,

H

i

AB,

I

C, XIII 2;

D VH 4

XIX 3, XXI i D V ^datq XX 16, XXI 3, XXIV 5 D IV ^aalXiooa

15

i

XVIII 34

4B,

17

QOq) da<paXl'C,o}

7P, 13B, 17B

XVm 43P: D

5L,

^aaiXela

XIV 3, XX 12H; C XI 5 davvetoq XXVI 5 da<pdX6ia C XII i dag)a^q C X 53, XIII 2W {doq}£Xsaxe' ^

n

21

XVI

12 L,

paaldfoxoq*

17

koxoxifo XVIII 28

aaxQOV IV

XVUI

V

^aaavl^o)

XX

XX

2,

BadX XXVI 6B

XVni2iH

7,

XVH

6,

fiaXavetov

12B, 14B, 16, 17;

aoxQani] IX

C X 5T

XII 2

4, 5

VIII 2

V loP V lo

doT'iiQ

C

dwQia IX

dOTta^fidqCi) XVIII 21

jiaav^ia

9

L

2

11, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18

'AOfia xibv ccofidrwv

da7taafi6q{7)

XI

dtpQOVifioq*

dxccv^q

9, 10,

D IV

I3P^;

5

dqiQiQm XII 2

C X 39

XVm 34 H,

aoxoq XXII XXIII 3B,

V

«^0()jwacw{?)

2C

«ff^fV£tt> I

4

XIII 2

d<p6Q7ixoq

C XIII (karimoq XIX 2P aa&ivsia

^

VI 10 A IV 9

(i(p£aiq

ci^JVU)

5

aaiifjLavToq

ctawroe

14

13,

dcplaxrifjit

aa&XevToq C XIII aa^saroq XI 7

4,

XIII

VI 8

dtpaviiq

d(p8Xiiq

8

aa^fvjje

C

XXII 2

3,

C XII

dcpavfQo}

iC

V 9L, VI 9, C X14; D I

C X14,

XX

4,

'dgxoi

2,

av^a VII

dtpaiQio) I 4;

XII

apX^^^Z^'-^'??* I

^

7,

I 2

CLQX^

'dQXOiV

XXII 20B {^dxovboif,

ccvxoq cf. Index I

aQX^^fxxoq

5,

P

5

16,

14B, II iP

av;.)} I

1

I 6,

20B,

XX

dxQavfidxiaxoq

B

'k^JTf^ig VTII

aQxayyeloq

XXIV

(irov^w

avy^ C Pro 2 av&ddeia XVUI 14A

aQG£VLx6q I 7 (k^ariv I 7

^rfvt^a*

i

;

;

16

^aaxalvct) XVIII 39 ^(xaxdt,ai I 14,

W, XIV

4,

XVIII 26 L,


A

Index of Greek words

III.

XXm 2Q, D

8;

'c,

VI

^aax&o)*

2Q,

3> 4,

XXV

hV XX

6P,

xxn

17

XX13B, XXII

V 2, V 2I,

^X^fjina ^Xiito)

I

CX3,

^

i

XVin IV

l^SX^txovi

10

36P;

34,

D

X

C

D IV

^ovXsvo)

Vn 4, D

povXrjaiq

20P,

D

D

j9owd? ^ovg

Xm

I 3

IV

I,

7

VI

I

^Q(j)x6v

2

PQVxdofiat)

?Q>^6q

I

12L

IX

5,

8,

14 L, II

cf.

XII 2 P

pas.

et

3,

XVIII 28 P

C

yvoiatg 7, I

B

A

yvQ)fi7j

X3 C X45i

46, 47. 48,

Index IV,

XXV

49

X

C

42 yoyyv^Q) VIII 12P, IX 3

XIX

3

II 2

C

D

X

20,

XXm 4;

XV

C Xni

XVII 4, XXVI 8H; C IX 10, XII

13,

6,

14,

13

XVm i,

XIII

14

C X3;

D

^v^

yv^ivoq

iP

yvvaixoeidi^g XIII

yvv^ IV

XII

VIII 3

XIII 11

XXII iB,

yQa<p-fi

9

XXIII 2Q,

pas.

XIV 4

yXvipa?

12,

5, 6,

e(

P

i

5,

I 6, Sig

saepe, 7,

L

i^?tov* XVIII 35,

M-oq VI

XVH

yQ&<po) XIII 6,

C XI

/^SttVfl* I

ylyaq

yQafxpidxtov

i

{=

6;

9P, 19B

XIII 12, 13, 14;

iC

I

i,

ydvo? VI 3P, VII 5 PC yovv XVIII 24 yovv cf. Index I ygdfifxa XVIII 37 P; C

I

pQvxi^Ofxcci*

XI 4; D VI 14 9H, 19, 20; D IV

14, II I, 5, 8, 9,

XX 3 P

yoTjq

u

xni 3, 4 ^QiX<^ c X 7 ^^oroe V 7 P ^Qvxaofiai XI

3, 7,

y^Qaq

yovsvq

V

VI

V3 XX

yvwQl^Q)

/?P^9)05

^Q&fia

12,

3

XII 3

I,

fiovvevQov

8,

yXvq)lg Sig

I

n

16,

i,

yXv^^

L, IV I, XX 7, XXII XXni2B, 4B; C X32, XI

^ovXofiai I

XX

yXovroq-f

X6

^oxQvdov XVIII 37 /?oa?J

V 3,

ye^cDV

17

X 46

C

^bxavov

6,

yivmaxcaVSi XV 4. XX iiQ, 21, XXVI 8H; C XII5; D I II, VI 1,12

ipoTtQoawnog* XVIII iP

I3C; C

IX 5P, XIII

10,

X4 XX 4

ylvofiai I

^ozdvTi

V 3,

8,

ysvoq

yrjQaioq I 3

8

po^etoq

12L

C

ytjysvi^q

loA

l^oAos VI

5

XXU20; C XI6

4,

y^ 16, II

VIioP

f^oA^fi

D IV

3;

lOf.

j?o^^fi« II 7

IfioTjd-eo}

V

y£VV^XQ)Q

IX 3, 4> XIII 7; C Pro DII2, IV 4, 9

nsL, 6L; C XC7; D

^oao)

C X

7:

yeved C XIII 7 yfveaAoy/a D I 12 ysvsiov XVII 3

yivvfjoig

V 2I

^loavQoq

XX6P,

XIV

3

22;

I

ibid.

yfvvaw IV

II

fi^Uov XVm 23P; C XIU 4 '^Xa^eQ6qlX6, XVIH 20P l^lmxo} IV6, X3

;

Index

cf.

yefid(o*

5

25 p XVIUssP

l^/ani4,

139'

ysXwq XXVI 7B

xvin

l^iiaom

rd^

ye cf. yeXdo)

VI iP, xin 2P,

fiifia

\^^^

I,

14

I 2, 5

XXVI

^^Xoq

XXIV

3,

13,

I

D

BsUa^

1

;

6,

V 7P,

I

I,

5

iP 8P, XII

2,

XUI

i,

3


P

;

140*

III.

XV

XIV 3, 4, C X29, 30, 6,

{=

yvTTorfpog?

I,

Ja^id,

XI

XXn

5,

^avElS, Sub

cf.

6ai(xovl'C,Ofiai

XVII 3

dai/zovixSg

2

i

D

2, 5;

vTtoTtrsQOg) II 3

V 12 L, VII 4: D VI 10

ywvla 2,

Index of Greek words

XVm 22, XXVI

31, 34,

C

D

12

W,

X

6,

IV

I II,

V

7.

I

XXII

D

2C;

V

7,

1,

C XII

XVTII

D cf.

I

I,

15P

dsivwg

12;

I

iC

Selnvov

V

12,

IX

XIII 7;

D

VI 4

IV

2,

7,

XIII

XXII 7,

10

XIV

C IX

6io}

D

5,

7,

XXVI 7H

3;

3,

XVIII 6

8,

XX

XXVI iP

5 P,

6L, lU

IV

7I,

12 L,

XXII

XIII 2P,

I,

12,

II,

6^

Index

i,

I

Index

cf.

D

I

II i

^

I

Index

cf. I

II

H, XIX

I

D IV

6

VII 4 XXIII

3B

diadixoficci

D

V9L,

12 L, 9,

12

;

XV 14, XXVI D I 2; Tit B,

didxovog VI 10 L

dtaxomo) C XIII 4 diaxoaioi

Vin

XVIII 21, II 7, 2,

Pro

3,

C

V

VI

SiaXoyiXofzai I 9I;

X9, XXI 2H i

D IV

C Pro 2 Siavolyto C Pro 4 6idvoia

SigT IX

12,

D

IIP, 8,

XX

XII

2,

dianBQdo)

XXV

dtccnXazvva) diaTiopio)

D

C

7

XIII 8

IV 4

8,

!(?),

dianovEO) IX 6 P

C Pro

V

I4Q,'

II7

cf.

dlavta XI 2 P

V

14BC,

VIU

3,

,

10

I 14, II

X8, XI

14,

13

3HI, XVI 2P

I,

dsvQ)

2, 6,

''

dsvze^og VI

6iaXaf/^dv(o

3, 4,

IV

12L

H; C Xm 2, H, C, Sub V

2

I 4,

10, 11 4,

9

XX 16, XXIII iB; C X6, 48; D IV 16, VI I I 2,

II

(Jfv^o I 9, II, 13B, ni

^Lai^(ovvvfit

Q

divdQOv Ss^idg

V

Seanozipcog

6id6rjfia

dsxTixog XI 3 P di/xagf

DI9,

5;

didyo) I

Ssxavog XVIII 4 dsxarog XVIII 14 AsxEii^QLOg Sub

cf. rffo-

4L, 14BC, XVI 3 A; C X

I

Sid^oXog

IV 14

XVI

;

SsaTtdTTjg

SiaB'j^xrj

5,

1 1

6td cf. Index I

(dfdictSw?)

D

6,

II

Index

rf^Ta cf. Index

2

V

V

[errore)

Index

cf.

SrjfiLOVQyia

I

9P

n,XVi

VIII

3,

of.

S^XaSi^

15,

C Pro 2 6â&#x201A;¬Ll^F; CXIII 10 dsido} VI 8 ^eisevvfit IV 2, X 7; C deixvvo) XVI 3 XXII

VI

3,

Jccpid

Si^oiQ

deiXt-do) I

14

SsoTtotEta

Ssxofiai

T XXVI 9H;

TitBIC;

33 6a<pv6(pvXXovV XVIII

Index

I,

Xril 12;

I,

9, II, 12;

3C,

III iC,

Sig

XX

10, II, 13,

C

Sig

II 4;

10,

12,

BT

Sig

6C, 8C, 12W,

I

I,

6,

5,

diofiai

Fleck

11, 12,

Vin

3,

,

15

deafjtdo)

VII

4,

XXVI 9H;

2,

idxtvXog ^avsld I C Pro

6e'Aa

II,

XII

X6P; Dri6, Vis;

Ssivdg

X

V

7,

9B, loL,

9,

5L, III I, Xlll 3P, XVI

daxtvkiog

cf.

C

dsofioglV 2P,

9

2,

8B,

I 6,

II

XXIV

(Je

Siofitog III 7;

deanot^o)

daxTvXlSiov

4,

f,

saepe

dalfj.(t>v

6d<pvr}

IV

ds^fidziov

daif^oviov saepe

Sdx^v

2 W,

XXI 2B; C IX 9 C IX 10 ,.,^ deafievo) V 6, 11, VI 5, XI 5,-6, XIII 7, XVI 5P

ds^fza

I

I I

8B, XXIII

7,

;

4


;

III.

VIII

haTtQdaao)

D

XVn

11,

C X4;

2;

n

I

6id7tvQoq X8P diaQ&^ywfii V

XV

5,

XVI 2P \SiaGa<pm C Pro 2 dtaCTta^txaao) D IV

8,

XXVI 7H

XVIII

D Vni

(fia<Tft>?ft>

12

SQaxovxditovq

4

4V D VIII

(J/rf(U//i

I

XnijP D I I 4 L Index

Svvafjtat II

12P, VIII

I,

etpas.

C

D

6io0iX(o

I 7

8

IV

faAoe

I I C,

I 1 1;

D

D

V9, XVIII

teectf

VI

X

2,

25 P

6vaa>7t6Q)

C Pro 4

7,

D

7;

IV

6

XI 3 A, XUI 3P(?)

XXU

I 7,

16

XXII 16Q

5,

cf.

XX

16;

C

X

35;

Index

I

Index

cf.

C XII 'E^QaToq VI 8 ^Ka>

LI

6;

I

2,

XIV 7 XVI 5 A,

XIII 11, 13, 14

"E^Qa'ioxi

17

6o^fk'Qm I 8, II 5, 9,

XXVI

25

XXVI

bavxov

XIX 3P Soxi(j.aaia XIX 3P 66XLoq XXVI 5 B U^a V s, X£ 3P, XVI XXVI 6Q, 7B, loH Sovlela

XVIU

XX

^«v

II 2

^yy/^ctf

Soxifid^Q)

dovXsvo)

D VI

3B

(Jiw;«(y

16,

2; cf.

19

(Jtt>po<;po^ea>

dixoazaoia XVIII 16

D IV

I,

II 3

rftTrAoCg I I, 3;

I,

Vn

2,

A

&vax7ivoq

S'Bqov

V

SmlaOiOQ

7;

XV 8 C ;

D

VIII

II

dvanvoia

(JvTiPfOC

VIII 9 loP, 12 9,

(SiO(>v;fr?;g

Sion

VI 8P,

II,

4

SvafJ.1^ I 2,

t

IV

V

D III

XIII 6;

I,

X

C

Svacq

Index I

D

Xn

dvarjxi^q XIII 3

I

(JtO(>5'a>(7ie

6, ^^ ;>aj.

5,

Svvaaxda XX 13 JvvarocVis, XXIUi,2;CIX8;

H

Index

VI

ni

1X6, XI 6P, XV 9, 14, XVIII II, XXII 18, 20B, XXV 7B, XXVI 8H; also Index

D IV 6 dixaioavvjj XXK 4B D 9 616 cf.

6 L,

10,

dixaiog

6ix7jv cf.

I

Svvaiiiq II 4,

VI 4P, XVI 2, 2P diiQXOf^fX'' IV 9, XUt 7 Snjyiofiai VI 10

(J/;tfj^

i

7

XIV

6qv(jl<i)v

4

disysl^Q)

Sf^yijaig Tit

XIV

n, I4B

I 9^

S^v^oq XI

2

II

V

3lP,

I,

II

XIII 5 P.

i, 6,

Dili

dg&^a

6QOfxalo)g

I

VIII9; cf.

Index

cf.

X£I

10,

i

II

C X40

(JmxAw(>o$

MSvfioq

VI

6^axo>v

M<poQoq XIX 2 P, XXI

dtSQikaxQ)

iP, 7

6Qaxovx6(xoQ(pog XVIII SQaxovxhitaig cf. Index

HP

XXH

3

XIV

d^cacovzoeidtjg i

6ia(paLQio) I

Arffiapfctf

c xai XVI 7

60x1^

Siataaam XJII 3 Siaxino) XX 2 P

Sia<pTiftlt,<o

C XII 1 6ovkog V I3P, VI 4P, XV 12 P, 4B, 6H; C XII I, XIII 10 dovXtj

dovkoQ)

SmQQlnxo)

kaaxQBfpo)

141^

Index of Greek words

ff/

syyioqi"^)

pas.

I

15

L

il

lyyi<jra, -axev cf. Index 4,

1113, 7

XII

IV

XXII 16Q,

iyyXv^co

C

lyy(>ff^05 I

[

XII 6

3C

^yyv^fv cf. Index I iyeiQio VI 4, VII 2, XVI iyxakio) D IV 3

i

i


C

LP L

C

Index of Greek words

III.

142* syxata XVIII 13 A

C

iyxaraXeiTto)

XX 2

ixSixeo}

XXII 4H VII 6, XII

ixdlxrjatg

XIII 2

iyxsipaXoQ XII 3

^;tffr

XVin 5—15, XXV 7B iyxSvcovC^) IV5CC°

V

10,

XXV

2Q,

iyxXelo)

ixslv^ ixsTvog

iyo) cf. Index I

ixalvQ}g II

xxn

'EC,exiaq

2, 4,

it,

9,

7,

12;

Tit

V

C,

I

ft cf.

Index

D

10;

II

9

elaQ +

dex

sUog

i

13 L, II

slSov I I

V.

;

II 3,

III

I,

X

I,

slfxl

VII

10,

XIII

9,

I,

5,

X

11

XV

6,

7B; C

I2C

D

II

ixTtszdvvvfiL II

XX

XVIII

15,

XXn

D

11

X

2

C XII

ixnkTjQdo}

C XIIs; D

2

D VI

IV

16,

XVI 2P C XIII

3 ixtpvado) XXIII

3B

Index

I

Index

I

iXavvo)

XXII

dasQxofifxi I

XXI

13, 17,

erti('>)

sx

cf.

Index

i

XXV

C, 3,

xni 6P, XXVI 4

'sXevaig I

apiw

I

2A,

VIII 5P, XIII

2, 3, III 7

3,

C 1X8, X46, 47. C XIII 14 ixdiQO) C IX 9

kxdaxoTS

ixdldcDfxi

D

VII 4

C XIII

9

DI

7

10

XXII iB C IX 8

C X

iXEvd-s^oo)

I

XVI

3,

48.

49

PC,

V i2L,

XVIII 4P;

14

14H,

III

4H,

IX 6

h'Xxog

k'xaaxog I iC,

ixdixofxai

iXe^fitov

H

iXsvd-eQog

3

I2L Index

D 11 XX I

iXeio)

j?AaTT<Sv(y (?)

I 12

iXseivog

XX 15, XXIII €la<piQ<o D V I, VI 2 cf.

D

iXsyxo) XIII 3 P,

III 5

i

Eiaodog

slxa

l';.«tov

10 C, VIII

5,

XXII

2,

D

16;

C Pro

slaaxovQ)

;;;|

11

slg cf.

sladyo)

:

IX

ixTsivo}

£ig cf.

6

10

I

XVIII 33, 34 ^Aarr(5<w XVIII uPL,

III 8,

IIi;8

D IV

ixa<pQayL'Cp3

4

sl^^vn XVIII 22 P, XXI 4B, XXII XXV 9B, XXVI 9H; D IV II eiQTjvixcHQ

/^

16

Sx7tX7]Qi(o

ixQlTtTO)

sItcov pas. 7,

3,

I

XVIII

ixnlnto)

EPffpi^ow

VIII

VII

4

ixnX^aaco VI 9P;

I

pas,

etQTivevti)

6,

^;c^)/Aa?w

ixTtXrixrcxog

XXVI 5H, slxcbSsgC^) XII 2P VI

5,

ex&afi^og

^;«7tt7r/5a>

I, 3 ei'dwXov

dXi(o

ttpas.\ cf. In-

5,

oQ&ia

VIII

VI

10,

Me/ttw XVI 5; C XIII 2; D I 12 ixXsxTog VI 4, XXI iB, XXII 7P; DI ixXvo) XVIII 5P ^;wta(>aStt> C XII i

I

X9 ddrioiq D IV

V

xxm

I

SHIP XHI 6 A, XXII n XIV 2; D VI 12, 13

i,

ixS-Xcpw

^^i?w

XIII 3P,

3,

XXVI

7,

pas.

ixetae I

13

IX 5 C XHI

I6m6'^\'>)

ei

6,

IV 8 C IV 4L,

iyxct^drrta XVIII 39 eyxoav^qi^) IV 8

Ua<poq

2

XXVI9H G Pro

iXXdfinio "^-AAj^v

VI

'EXXtjviati^g

if^^dXXo)

if/^az£V(0 if^^Xeno)

2

8P

XI

VI 3,

8

A

XVIII

D I I V 2P

ifzpovXEVQ)*^^)

XVI

3

16

V

iH;

Tit

H


P C

Ill,

Index of Greek words

XVm 18

ifjLfievo}

ifiS^ cf.

Index

ifiml^o)

n 3B

143'

D III 8 D Viz i^dmva XX 17P

i^alaiog i^akelo)

I

iimBQiix<^

C XI 9T

i^ccTtoaxeUa)

ifmln^fii'

XX

^^a7i;re(>oi;j'ov

ifiJilTiQijfic

XIV

3

XVI IX

^finoieo)

I,

6,

2

XVIII 42 XVIII 8 A, 9L, 10 A, I

D

;

I 3

cf.

;

also In-

^//n;v^/?a>VIl5,XIV6,XXi7, XXII

C X

I'^tt)

6

ivepino6lt,(o['>)

C XI

5W

D

I 5

ii

iv^fil^o) VIII 5 ivlazTifii XXII 14P; C ^ta^vo XXVI 8H

X

V I

hzsv^i^

D

hxvTtdd)

ivv^Ql^m

XVIII

D

VI

3

ijidvo)

XVI

7

P;-

42,

cf.

5P

inavQiov

I 8,

XXII

i7ta<pl7iiiL

IX

cf.

7

cf.

also

XX 2; D VIII2

34

D VI

6

Index

I

17

7P

Index I

Index

insidov

C Pro

inBlnov

I

%7ieiTa cf.

^7e/ cf.

1

2

also

;

^TtaQxla XXII

I

2

9 C, 11

3^t ^^

Index

IX

IV

7

Index

iTit^dXXo)

I

VI 4 P

em^ovXeijo) IX

5)

^^ ^

I

5L

ineixoi""

C XI

XV

3P

VI

i7iavtpx<>f^<^^

XIII 12 2

7,

8

inavdazaotq C X 14 inavaazQegxa XXV 7B;

ijiEQiordo} III 6,

IV

33,

iTieiasQxof^^'- ^^

12;

XIII

7P

^7te^ov(7i«J?a> I

D

XX

7,

II 5

ivd)niov cf. Index I i^atQiat

C IV

IX 3 H

C

I,

20B; TitBI

I

^TlsiSfj cf.

5

iC 14, XXII

10

insl

I

XX 5 XIV

15,

^Ttavanavo) VII

cV^ IV 4PCC°: C XI 3; D VI 4 £v*(irff X6P, XXII II h^sv xal h&ev XV 9, XXIV 2

^mru^a ^TeAAw

XXII

XVIII 15P,

i7ial£l(p(o

W; C Pro 2, IX VI4P; C X sae^e; D III 7

hvoxXio)

XIII5

snaivoQ XXII 16Q inalQa) XXIII 2. 3B, 4

I

WW;

^repyaa VIII

ivzvyxdvQ)

2

^;i«yw VI4, XVIII 18 A,

heifZL XIII 3 P

iveQyew

3

V 13, VIII

I,

3,

iitayyeXXo) III

VI iP

^rfoloff

VI

V6L; C

I 14,

Index

Index

IV

^j'a()yea>S

D

i^oXod-QEvm

i^ov<;idt,(o I 5;

I

cf.

X

XXV 5

XVIII

C IX 10, XI 9 haUayi^ VIII 2 L ivavzlov

XIII 7

^lovff/a I

41

5

Index

C

^^ov^fv^o XXII 5P

ivdY(o

hvoia

C

3,

VI 4

i^rjXeicc * (i^rjx^w)

i^o^xi^O)

I 13

XVIII 9 D VII 6

i{x<pvad(o i/<9Vft>

D

C X

'ili<PQa^iq

cf.

21;

2

i^ofio?.oy60fj,at I 5

III 7

ifig}avl'Cf<o

iinpavwg

20P

7

II 3,

ifjtipaivQ)

^c

X

I'^odoe

IX

Q

I

XV D I 5,

XIV6, k^f^Q

XVI

dex I

^(invQoq

16

VIII 6

BC, sL, V 6L, XIII 9, XVIII 24 P, XX 12;

i^i^XOf^<x^ II

iqA, 25 ^€(i7iQoaS-ev

D

XXI

e^aaxQdnzo)

;C Pro

ifiTtvitoXKll II i{inodt%(o

XXII

6

V 8P

ifiTtX^xio

1

7

P

8,

et

pas.


Index of Greek words

III.

144''

V

7,

XXV

XVI

3,

XVIII

inipovXoq iniysLOq

IX 8 L imyLVibaseo) XXII

3,

XXII

i

;

Tit

B

iTitylvofiai

IV

C X

15;

D

imt^Sstoq

3

D

38;

I 6,

12

inid-ewQEoy

imd'Vfiia II

VII i, XVIH 20, 23 XVIII 46 incxQio) XVIII 20 hnovQdvioq II 3 L, sL, VI 10, XX 15; C Pro 5 ipydt,Of^ai 1 1, 3, X 8, XVIII 43P, XXI 4;

D

X

XVI 2P VI

3,

VIII 11,

3,

imxaHl<a VI i P imxaUoi IX 7P, XIV

D

I

i

'

XXV

4P, XX'i9Q,

XVIII

XVI

XVII 2,

2,

'sQiq

D IV

hQfirivEvo}

XIII

SQOfAaL

C XI 7 C XII 6 III 8

D VI

"EQv^oq VI

15

V6

XXIV

XXI 3 B

iH XX loP

3,

5,

XXV

2, 4,

gL;

BQXOf^at I

imvotoi

BQwq XXVI 5B;

1X6, XVIII 8P, 13A, 19P, 23P, 32, 33 iTimvio) C Pro 3 intGdzTco XXII 9, 11, 16 imnifXTio}

15,

iniaxadov XXI 3 ^TtiaroAr/

V

11,

XXII

i,

6P D VI

XIII 6,

XXV

3

iniaxvaiq

XXVI 5B

X 6 C XII 4 hmrsXeo) V 8P, IX 7P, XVIII 9P, XX15 invtaGao)

imrifxva)

;

VI

3

2,

V

2,

D VI

12

Index

II

5PC, VI

6,

XV

2,

XIV

^CTre^a

XXVI 8B; D VII

7,

Dm6

6

XVIII 15P, XXII 14B, 'iaw&ev XXII 14H, 18B XII

kcaXQoq-\-

VII 8

1,

'iaxaxoq

exBQoq

S7ita<pQaylt,(o

XXIII

II 7, et pas.

;

sntavvdyo) III

4

4,

5, 6;

C XI 1, XIII 13; I2L, 9L; D II 11 I

iniOXQetpo} VIII 11 3,

iB,

I I, cf. also

eQOixdm I 3 C, IV 1 VII 2, 3, 4, XIII

'eoQ)

i,

D

XII

6,

iP,

I,

II

II

6P

BTlLfieVO} I

inlotafiaL

5,

1,

12

^QvS'QoSavoQ)

IV

Index

cf. also

I,

ijiiXfyd)

inifXE^q

D in

;

XVIII 40

inix^ovco

D

1

eqLIo) VIII 6

Index

D

7P, VIII

XXV

VI loP

^GQiipoq cf.

^mfiikeca

18

^Qyov I 2L, 4, 9L, loL, IV 12, VI 3P, 4P, X2, XII 2, XIII 4, XVin43P; D I2, 4. 6, IV 8, 18, Tit BI iQE&l^a> IV 6, VIII 5 PC

EQTifjLoo}

12L

imxXei(o XVII

^nifxeXeofxai

7, 8,

I i, 44. II 5i "V 6,

i^avvdco VIII 9

XXVI 9 H 5P

f7tt;f()«?tt>

5,

iQelSo)

5

XX 6P

iTtixaxd^atog

V

C XII

V 9P

inixanviQu)^ inixeifxai

XV 7,

8,

4;

IV4,

I 2, III 7,

S^yaoia

9

2,

2,

3P

XIII

i7il<p^ovoq

XX 15P

im^fi^d) IX

3,

L

ini<peQ(o II 3C,

C XI 4

iC C XI

ijiietxi^g I i7llt,7JTS(0

35,

III 7

IX

iTCLipalvQ) II 3

C XI 4

iniByxdvcDvi^)

6L,

D

^mriT-j^avft)

inidiVGO) XII 2

inisyxdivo)^

I

VII 8L, XVIII XXII 13; D VI4, 5 imu/idco VI II, XVII 4 invcQBno)

imyQatp^ XVIII 22P; Sig C imy^d^a) XVIII 25P; Sig T iTuSsixvvfii X 5, XXIII 3Q; D VI 7 imSst^tq XXII 15 i7tiSi6(o/xi I 2 L, 3; C XI 9; D II 7

III

II

imtlS'i^fii

4,

V

V iiBn I,

8P,

11, et pas.

XVIII 44P hoq XV 12; Sub V etvfxoq"^ V iiBn EvayysXiov D I 13 htoifidt^o)

BvayyiXlo) *

II 6

Q

18

H


P

PC

III. Inde:^

IX

gvrfjyXoTfpov

D

dSoicla

P

V

XVII

iP,

XXII 14P;

2,

C X4

?w?J

X

S^ov C

ddvvo) XIX

I

Ev&vg VIII II

svXoysQ}

A, VII

I I

5—37 XI

I,

I

XV

P,

iP,

XVI iP

lAP, in

evXoyfizoQ I

XXVI 9H;

5,

C Pro 4 dtiOQ<poq VIII

XIV

I,

V

evplaxco

5C,

10,

XVIII

5,

3

XXV 9, D

sim^mEia XXIII 2B,

VII

XXII

21,

XXVI 8B; C IX

II

XXV

II,

i

IX 7P,

5, 6,

D

10;

I 12

IX 2 PC ^(SovvJ IX 5 A ^Jlm'a XX iP TJlioq I 2, 4, VI

^dioyq

AB

eilxocfioq II 3

D

'Hyiof^ai

evBvq or svB'i(og XVIII

5,

7,

I 5

ijptiGvq I 2,

V 9,

^7ra(>

VIII 7 dax^fioq VIII I

rjavxoq I 4 ^TTe^w XVII

cwovoe VIII 12 P ev(pr}(ii(t) XXII 16 ev^gaivcii I i A, XVIII

^Xog IV 8 16;

D

BvxaQLGXEo) II

VII

4;

III 6,

I 10, II

D

7,

X

IIP,

XXVI 8B; C Pro 2; C XI 2 XVIII 31 P

XVIII 42, Bvw&riq

XV

7,

*

i^lTtzafAai

17P XXII 20

^(plaxrifii I

9

^(p&mo} XVIII

XI

^yo()aa>

D

so}$-iv6q

XXII

C

15P;

VII 2

S'dvccvoq

XV

VI

4,

10

4PS

XII XXIII

3.

5, 6, 7;

C X

D

VI

4, 2.

12

iS

XX 2, 4; D IV 2,

14,

VII

XIII 12,

cf.

2,

XV

10,

also Index.

XVIII

2P, XXI

I,

d-avfxdaiog

D

O-sd

12, 14,

XXII 20P

U<Jiq

XVIII 29 H

2,

8B; C XII 3

XV 3, II, XXVI ^od-EQdq D IV 9 irjtiai

C XII 3 9: McCown.

i

;

C

XIII

i

I

XIII

2,

5,

XIV

7,

I 13

XXIV

I

3

Q;

D

IV

III I,

9,

C X

4C, 10 L, C Pro 3;

I I,

XVIII

18

XV

VIII 4P,

d-sdof^ac

I

D XXV

XXn

VIII

&av(idt,(i> 6, II 3, et pas.

2

II,

Zdo)

UNT.

XXI

l;

XX 5, DI6 ^•aQQStp D II I ^av^A-a D III 8

&eioq

io<p6Q)

XVI

d-apt^ioi

3, 5, 6, 10,

7>

XXV I,

iP,

I,

VI

4,

O-ayazoo)

4

I 2, II

3C,

V 8,

XXIV

3,

15

2

%g(ii.l I,

etoq

z,

d-dnxoi

XIV

^(pOQfido)

4P

II 5, 8,

X,

d-aldooioq

5

IV

ev/(>wTO§*

H^Qoq

edkaaoa

XVI VII

13

4

II 8,

4

evxoiiat II 5, 7,

43

4 VII 6

T^ficrgizaioq

evaxijftoviog

I,

C X

10 HP;

10,

XVIII 28 ^fxsQa I 2, 2A^ 3, 5. et pas, flfxix^ccvoq'' XVIII 6 (t== ^f4ixQavLx6q) T^filovoq IV 2; C XI 2 ijfxi7ig6a(07tov^ VTI iC ijXoq

evas^sia VIII 9

III

44

28,

XXV 9 B

evdv/ido)

XII

4P

C XII6

112;

t,(p6iov

Ev^vq

cf.

I,

I4S*

^(odiaxdq XVIII

VIII 4

Bv^Eox; II

C XII

5

of Greek words

V

12

S-sh]f4a

C X

d-bX^acq

D

&6X0) II

6,

^efzazi^o} Q'6fx^lLoq

2,

32;

I 3, II

IV

7,

I,

D

III 3,

III 8,

VII

3, 4,

XXII 8 P VIII 12 10*

VII 3

VI

6

7, et

I

53;

pas.


6

3

146*

III,

d-SfxeXioo)

XX

S'SOTtdzcop

D

&£6g

Sub V VI 3 C XII 5 i6iox£tQ(i)g C IX 10

4E

iarpoff

12

I 2,

XIV

S^eoTtotio)

XXIII

17,

Index of Greek words

ic^tos

2

I 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

saepe

iSif

iJou

-

XXVI 10 H ^BQan^vQ) IX 7 P

XXV

D

5,

XX IV

X7

^t()OC VII 5; C ^S(OQa<o II iP, XIII

XXIV

16,

XIX 2, XX Q; C X31, 34

I

d-rilvxoq I

II 3,

7,

IV

I

VIII iP

C Pro

3h

21,

tf^ov

XXI

I

3

I

ixEaia

C X

;

3

C

CX

"Aftog

3; ct.d-VT^zSg

XX 19H; D IV II XVII 2, XX 7H, 11, 13 Q; C XII 3; D IVg, ID ^ijToq C XIII 3f (MSS ^iPftog); D IV 11

C XI

d-kl^o) I 4,

lv6ixXL0)v '/ovrfarog

SB 9V

I,

5,

7

'iavi]fj.i

;

^fiog S^fjtdo)

^^a

I

;

iB,

XXVI

2

10

2

I,

8H

IV8C°; CXI i C X 52 ;

XX

12,

15

VII

lozog

C

XII

3,

X

C XII

4,

XXII

13, 17, etpas.

II

6

laxvQog

C

XII

X

V9,

10,

9,

XXI

2;

D

VIII 6

XcodvVTjg

VI

j

II, 13,

XXII

XVI

8

I,

XVIII 35 ^

V

Sub

KaO-aLQm VI ^lavvfjg

taOiUai

VII

XI

laaa<p^T?]v*{'?) I

C;

D

XIII 12;

5H

4 B,

6,

3,

ixvog VIII II

XXV 4 XXV 4 I 3

7

12

I

XVI

CGTOQia

Ix&vg

'la^PQfjg

^'cf(T7ttQ-r

H

2

2

II

C Pro i t<r;fVG> X2, XV

14 BC

XXVI

7

ia^vg

V2P; D IV XX 6

^voiaaxijQLOv d^vo)

12

laxiov XVIII 27 P, 28 P

V 3, XXVI VI

d'Vf/.id(o

7,

XIX3P XX2iB,XXIIi6P,XXIV2Q,XXVI8H

VIII 6

SvydzTj^

sk,

'/ff^a^AIV i2A,XII i,XIIIiP,

^Qovog II I, III 5, V 4, 9P, XIII 2, 3, XVIII 20, XXVI 9 H C XIII 5 D VII 4,

D

%Ttxa^ai

I 6

I

Sub V XXII 20, XXVI

ht7tLxilg'>

'Innog

^^£V/?og(?) VI ^(>/^ XIII

^lovSa

8,

D

XXI

D

^j^aseu)

D

scr.

iP, XXII

XX 4

Ifxdviov

d-QrivEO)

XIII

iXaav^gtov tfida&Xt]

C IX

compendia

XV

I, '7,

ItesTBvo)

XVIII i 14V, X lo, XXII iiP;

S-QS/ifza

iP

(fere

X^iazog XXII 5

C XIII

S-Qaavg II

i

XXVI 9H

381 53> XIII 2

&ixz6g{'?)

XIV 6, XVIII 3, C Pro I, Sig L

4;

XXII 8B

4,

^IsQOGoXvfia I

'haaai

S^i]Qi07tp6aa)7iog ^?;(;av(>og I

XXVI

VI 4

^Ijjaovg

C XI

;

I,

legovoakri^

V8

S'f]Xvfxavia

14,

XIX XXIII 2B, XXVI 9H; Tit BI

4

d-riQiov

6, 15,

10,

XXII

4. 7,

Is^evg

ih^

d^rikaC^o) I 2,

d-ijXvg

5,

VI 9

©ripaloq

I,

I,

'Is^ovoaToL

13

XVIII 18P

d-BQiialvai

III

I60V I

*£or(5;fog

^f^WTTCov

;

xad-a^iEVd) xttd'a(j6g

2

VI

10,

VIII 16 12

XVIII 8,

XII 6

21,

24,

xa&ev6a) XIII 3

9T XIV 7, XV 6,

XVIII 33; C IX

xaUio^ai XII 4P,

3C

C XI

4,

C X

XIII

XXV

2

2,


C

4

7

Index of Greek words

III.

147'

XV

LP; D VI 12, VII 3H; C IX 9T XIII 12, 14 xa9'V7t6axofiai*('^) C XII i xaivog C IX 9, XIII 7; D VI 3 xaiQdg V 5, VI 3, VII 5, XV 8, 10, 12, XVII I C XII I D VIII 2

xaxaxQVTCXOi

xaia> III

xaxaXaiipdvQ) XXIII 2Q,

xd^ijfiat XIII 2 P, 3

XIII

xad'liat

;

:

4

VI 4 P, VIII

jeaxog I 4,

xaxovQy^m VII

V

xaxovQyia

5,

X2

n

;((iAc£/U05

xaUoi

;caAo^

D

g,

11,

a pas.

I 2

XXV

IV

16;

D

VI

3,

5,

8

I

IV

12

V9 V 7, XVEIt

I,

12, 30,

IV

II 10,

XXV

3,

X

iH

V

loP 1

xazadlxT] XIII

xaxa6i6xQ)

C IX XI

2

8,

XVII

XXV

III 2, 6, Tit

BI

3

X

V

2

12P,

XIX 2P

XHI

6P,

XXIV

2

xaxaoTtetQa)

XV

xaxaaxQB(p(i)

XVIII 20P XV 7, XXII iiB

xaxa<pX6yo)

2P

X 41,

6,

20,

9

XIV

5

xaxaxQibyo) XVtl 3 A xaza<pdyw D I 10

II 10

xaxdxuQTtog XVII

D

6;

XVI

XXII

V 12H

xaxaxaQaaao) + 6

XVII iCr

D

3, 6, 10, 14,

15, 38, 39,

xaxaa<pQayl'CjO}

2

4

XXV

;car«(Foi;A/5o>f

^cftTadouAoo)

6

P

D IV

7

xaxctao(pl^ofj.ai

C XIII

xavddrjXoQ XIII 5

xaxdxeifxai

^

xaxaaxid^Q) XXI 2 xaxaaxoTtEVio X 6

xaxaSaitavdm IX 6

zaira(Ji;f£(5tt>

XV

xaxaoxsvj

D IV 5, 6 XI 6, XV 5; C X2

ieazctxalo)

D I 11 XX 3 P

XX 6

xaxaGXBvd'C.o}

xataysldd)

xaxadsapisvQ)

2,

XVIII

xaxaQXLC,(o

xara^dUo) XXIII i xaxa^i^alm C X 35 xaxdyoi

4

2Q; C XIII 5, xaxaQQSO) XVII

27

13, 24,

5;

4,

xa^OfpoQoq C Pro 3 XGaoiT^QLVog['i) XVIII 27 P

C

II

xaxaQdaao} XIV 5 xaxaQytd) II 4, IV 10, 12, V 9, 13, VI 8, VII 5, 7, VIII 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, IX 7, X II, XI 5, 6, XII 3, XIII 6P,

XIV

9, II

xaQdioitovoq XVIII 26

xaaxQov

D

I 3

I 12

XI

xaxaTtQtQo)

;fara^ao/ia£

xanvltfi)

D

53

,

XXII 9, II, XI 7 XVIII 34P

xa^dta

X

xaxanXovxiQo} C XIII 12

x&(Aivoq

xdvva^tg

C

xaxanivo) XVIII 35 xaxaniTiXiD XII 2 XX

7

x&pLTiXog

;ccJ/MVftf

VIII 2

xaxa7i€Qi7toke'i)fo*

7

XXVI 8H;

8

5.

XXVI 8H; D

xaxa^ioo) XXII 3 xazaTtifXTCco XIII

7

XVIII 18 P; C XIII 13

xaXvTtxo)

xaXatg

D

xccxavvxxLXoyg

LP, 8BL, VIII

XVIH

8,

9

3, 4,

xaxavvaaofiai

V7; D

xaXXftiTtLG^ioq

VI

II 4,

xaxavaXlaxat xaxavxdcD D

V 13P V6

I 3

xalloq

D IV

xaxaXi^TtdvQ)

^^ 7

xaX&ixiov

11,

3,

XXI 4B

xaxaXeiTio)

1 1

xaxovQyoq IV 6 ka;c^tt> VIII xa;f(5e

43,

xaxaXiy<o

VIII

V

xaxaxQLvo)

XVIII

9,

IX 5 P XI 7, XIV

xaxaxXr^^ovOfzio)

D

7

7,

VI 3, IX 5, 43P, 44P; C XI 7

xaxaxXelo)

XX

xaxaxS-oviog XIII

4, 8

Tit

17

XVI

3,

XVIII

B

xaxeidcoXl^Q)*

XVn iP

3,

XXH

i;


L

4

III.

148*

V

xateQydt.Ofxai

VIII

12,

12,

Index of Greek words

IX

2,

XII

XXVI 7Q

2,

VI 2P, 8, XV 1X2, XVII 3 P

xaxkQxoiiai xat60S'la>

II 7>

XIII

j<ar€xa>X2,

X53; DII7 xazi]<p^Q D IV

XIV

i,

3,

5,

XVII

X

D IV

;^ffro>

XVII 2 VI

8

xeXevo) I

I,

;co^/gft>

;

e(

pas,

;ffO(;^oe

V 6L,

IX

2,

7,

1

i,

jc^«S<M I 14, III

I,

7,

2,

8;

XXIV

D VI

I,

12,

XQLVO)

x^laiq

D

xQoxoSetXoq

V

13

C IX C X 38 C X 38

xXavB^fioq xXiTiVTjg pcAsTtrti)

siXTj^ovofieo)

xXrjaiq II

I

;

IX

D

8

II

6X21,43;

C X

XQoxoq VI 10 xQ6xa<poq XVIII xQvnxo)

5

III i, 6

2

V

10;

D D

xrdofiat

C XII

VII

VIII 2

I,

xxflfia II

IV

14

4» 6, 8

V9

XQOvo> IV II;

XXIII 3 HP

10;

I

X8; D I 13, D IV 5, 6, 8

XQoxiVoq

5

XX 14B XV 9;

3,

XQefidwv^i XIII 7, XXIV 4; D VI XQtifxvo^ax^oi XI 6 P xQTjfzvoq IV 5, XI 6; D IV 15, VI i

XV 9

xXda,ua

xra

BI

IX

;fA«Sa)

2,

XXVI 9H

4L,

X3, 8L, XXII

XQeitTQiV

17

i

14

13,

XXIII 4;

XV

2,

XQdxoq I I AB,- D IV 10, VI XQavyd^Q} I 12, 14 QC

14

pcAt/^a^

12,

2,

XVIII VII 4 XVIII 2,

p,

I

VI 4P, X

6,

Tit

l3Ci, XVIII 37 XII 4, XXI 3, XXIII

xXalo)

7,

6,

XQaxso)

XXVI 5B; D IV2, XXIV 2 Q

XXV

10

;

5,

pftffffog

13.

V

C XIII

xioviov

5,

X

XXV 9 D

5,

xoxXiaq VH i xoxXoq VII iH

3P

5,

3. 4.

11

X0G^0XQdx(j)Q VIII

xrjxoq II 8

2Q,

X

xoCfikO)

XLxX^aK(3>'r VIII 7

xlo)V

XVIII

;<ro7riaSw

u

3

XXVI 5 xoQv^ xn 6, xin

XX 2, XXII C XIII s; D VI 10 xriQdq Sig T

;ftv^a>

2,

XOQTl

9

14B,

8,

2,

XVIII 41 P, XIX 2H, XXII

xoviOQTOq VII

IV 2P

IV

W

12

xoTixoi II 5 Q, 8,

xsqxxXaiov XII

XVIII

II 3

V

xofj.Ti'i

;

;cf9>aA^

II 9

XVni

C IX9T

p^oAoi'

XEQuq VII 6; C XI 8 xeQ&oiov X 9 C X 7 xeQaxlC^o)

D

xoXnoq

4

C XXII VI 6 P

sciksva/ia

P

xoXiavdQOv XVIII 20 14,

13,

XI 3

xSLfjt^Xiov

13

33 xoxxv^O) IX 3 C xoXamoq I 61

XVI 4 P xavaiQ XVIII 29 P xed^ivog XIX 2 jff r^at II 2, 5, IV 4PCC°, VII 6, XVIII 6

X 38,

2

XVm

2,

XXVI C XIII 2

xoxxog

xavfiai'i)

C

4W

;

xoiXia XII

;ifo/r3/

5

XXIV

xdza>Q-£v

XII

C X 36 IV 2 C XI

xoivoq

9

10 L,

I

I II, II 7

C

xoifi&o)

IV 4

scazOQd-do)

D

xv^fxri

XV 4; C

XXIII 4P seaviaxva) XXIII 4P xaioixla

xXLvri

xXivo)

xXv6(j)v

xcctiaxvco

seaTOlscrjatg

H

4

I

50

5,

32

II 7

VI

5, 6,

7

XIII 14;

D

I 10,


AP

1

III.

Index of Greek words

X3

xv^vog XXII 2; C Xtit^Q) II iL, XII 4, 2,

X

5,

Xiav

XXVI 6B; C Pro

22

IV 12; C X 24 stvxXixog C Xn 6 scviofia

XVni

xvxkoq

A/^fVO?

C XI

A/*o?

3C,

II 5,

10,

XIX 2P, XXI

2,

XXV

8;

I

XXIII

17,

XXX 4B

4P,

9,

XIV I C XI 7, 9 XVI 2, 4

8

VI7,

Xtd'OTOfiia II 5

xvXl^

XiB-OTOfXoq II 5 C

;ii;^tog I 6,

D

xvQiOTTjg

1,

ei pas,

Xoyl'Qo^ai I

sdazig XVIII 33

X

;(i;wj'

Xoyog XI XVIII

II,

I, 2,

XoLTtog

IX 5P, XII 2

;fwyoe

5. 7.

7, 8, 7, 8,

SigC

IV

9,

11

Din

XX 12B; XVIII 3, 44P,

iP, 5,

XXVI 6B

Avdia VIII 4

4P

xaxpotfjg XIII

X

i

XIX XIV

AoiTToV

I

V I2H

XQ)fl7J

6,

XXII C XI

XXI iQ

XlTQa

3C

xvoair} I

10;

VIII

XVinSL

Xitogi'i)

VIII 6

8,

XVIII 8 H

Xtliog

8 L, 9

7,

VII

2, 3, 4,

D

XII 6;

xvXivdsQ}

xvfia

XX6H

iH, Xnj iH,

I

Xipavoc VI 10

8, 9,

xvxXlaxofxaiCi) VIII 7

149*

Xvfit^

D VI 14 D II 2,

XvTism

3,

IV

1

5L, XXII 17 XvQa C XII 6 AvTT)? I

Aa^QOq VII 2 XffyX<^vo>

XXVI 8P

UO-^a IV

Ai5a(ya

5

^at,Moe X8P, XVIII 8 P Xahsoq C XIII 12 XaXso) IX 3, 5, X I, XIV XX 21; C X 3, XI 8 Xafifidvat I 2, 4,

9IC, 10 L,

X 8,

XVII

6,

et

XVI pas,

X

XXII 4, 6B, XXVI 4H XdQvy^ X 3 XavQa VII 3 HC XsalvQ) XVIII 33 Xeyo) I 2, 2L, 3C, IV 11, ei pas.

6H D IV 13

XeiwvQysQ) XII XsiTov^yog

Xeovtdfio^ipog

XI

XI

II

5,

2

XII 2'Fn

P

C Pro

V

13

3 XI

XXVI

Maysvo)

XV

fidS-7]0tg

C X

5

20

fiaxQOVoma XVIII 34 fiaXXov

D

I

12

fzavQ-dvoj

VI

fxavidx7]g

V

6, IX 12L f^agaivQ) XXIII 2P pidgyaQog C X 45

^a^liaQOXOitSLV^)

VI 9, IX 4 H

fx&QfiaQOV

^fTETOV^yeo) XII 6

Xevxalvw

7

7

XSTITVVQ} I 2, 3,

Xmv

P

28

i

Mdg

Xi^QOg

7

XXI 2P XvxvcTtjg C XI 9 Au^vog VI 10, XXI Avw XVIII 16P XvxveTov

Aft»/9o5f

5P; C

XafiTt^og XIII

Xsvxog-}-

I

X8

XafiTtdg

XsTtzog

V

Xvxvaxpla IX

XafivoQ* XVIII 27

Aa^WTTw

xni 8P

Xvai&Qi^

C XI

6;

I

6

4 i

L

fiaaS-og

I r,

5,

XIII 2;

fxaaxl'C.m

V 6P, 4LC

/xazaioTTjg

D

^diaiQa-

XIII

VIII 2

C IX

9

14

X loP X 10, XIV 8, XVI 7

f^aoTEvwf XIII 3 fiaaxoq IX

D IV

3HL


HC

III.

ISO* ii6.xn

3PH,

VIII

xvm

yp,

XXV

7,

f/6yaX6^a)V0Q

I 2

fzeyaXdfW^og

D

XX

fieydliOQ

15, 38;

c

XVI 7 P

flSTQTJTI^g

XV 5 fxercoTtov V 12L, XVII /xrjda/J.od'SV XX 17

fiiyaq I

IV

i

I 2

H

8, III 4, et

pas.

^Mjji'

D I XV

C IX

^fAaropffc()arog*

fi^TT]^

i

;

XVIII 33

XV

10,

XX

Vni

/jtsXovoxQOog

fiixQO(pav^g VIII

fxak^ai.oil'i)

fitfzrjaig

XIII

IX

D

12;

I,

XIII

I, 6,

II 7 i,

XVtll

iiH fisXo)

D

14, 15, 16,

XXIV

3,

XXV 7B

ftSQl^o) VIII 8

fzeglg II

fiigog I 2C,

C

X

8,

C XII

/XOLXSVO)

^oVov

16

5 L,

3,

1 1

P,

XXII

13 P,

I

IV

V

XV 3,

2

2, 4, 8,

5

XVIII 44P, XIX

2

2

12,

XI

XIV 5, XVIII 5, r C XIII 14

5,

X

fxetaaxTif^arl^o)

3

VI

I,

4P,

XX

XX I

;

C X

22

XXI 2B, XXVI

fxv^ixcvog

Tit

Pro

2,

D I3 XV 4, 5,

X 14,

I,

I

XV 2 P

XXVI 8H; C X

C

Mcovaffg

9H

V 9P

XXI

fivazi^Qiov

13

C

2;

14;

13,

fivQimwfxog XIII 3P, fj,v^fiT]xoX^a}V C XI 8

5

9

10,

IV 2, XIII I, XVII i; C XI2 fzvsXog XVIII II

XVI

8

2, 4,

3

^ExafpEQd) XXIII

XXV

fxo^g}^ II 3,

5,

fzvQidg

3B, XVI

8,

33, XIII 2, 6, 8,

5

fiVQiog

X

I,

XX

2C,

^ovonxeQog fiovog

X 45

C XII

fiExoixiafxd g

I

XXVI

18P, 19HP, XXIII 2;

6

13B fjteraaaXsvo)

D D

^ovoyev^g

fjL£za[xOQ<p6a} II

fxexdvoia

XXI 4H

8

^ovaQxrig XXII 20 B

C X 53 XX 19; D IV

C

XXVI

fxvrifJLOdvvov

VII 8L, XIII 3P;

fi8raXafipdva) II 2 /jtbtaXXov

10,

3, 4,

10,

C X

liBTapdXXti) II

2,

1

XVII 2 IV 7

fxoXv^dog

XVIII 4 P, XX 6P, i6B; C XIII 13

fieta6l6a)fii

A,

D IV

;

L

15

fiiaog

fiSTa-^aXiu)

I

fxvrifjLsXov

I

IV 4

4PC

IV

38

fiearj/^^^ivOQ fj,ioov

fxtad'Og I

D

12;

5

XXII 9

(jLi^vi^axm

ficaS-lov I 2 L, 3

;»/oAo;^

D V

8A;

VIII

XXVI

14B,

XV

4,

[lOLQa II 8BC, 9 (jLOixBia I 2

VII 3

M6V0) XXII

D

flVlfjflTjCi]

XIV

5P,

I,

8

12

V 4,

f^ix^og

IV 6 L XXI 4 fieXlxQOOq. -XQ^'^^ ^^ ^ fieXiX^og IV 6 C; C XI 5 ^eAA« I 9, V 13 P, XIV 5, XVII 4, XX 6P, iiQ, XXII20, XXVI 7H; CX I,

D IV 1 XXI 3Q; C XI

XXVI 8H

filywfiL

g

VII 3

10

fiTjTQOfiavt^ f^iJXccv^

igF; C IX 9

D

V

Sub

^•riQOg

XX 6, 9, XXIII fieidida) V 12; D IV 4 fieXaivQ) XX 19 Q

fieS-latrifii

31, 34;

I

53

(XTJxog VIII 12,

L XVIII 16 P

XX

C X

fxrixhi

4

8

XI

fjfi]S6Xa}g

4Q; Sig C

fisQ-ixsQOL II 5

fisXavog

XV

M^SoL

C X 28

fieyiatavoq

C X

firjdslg I 9;

XXVI 7H

14,

I,

D

4;

L

6 P.

(iiys&oq XXIII

10,

H

1

fibXQOv

li&Xoyiai VIII

fisXog

1

Index of Greek words

X29

fxs^ri

H

P

XXV

3,

4

53, XIII i;


4

D

Ndd-av val

XX

vaoq

I4,

I

I,

5, 6,

VI loH, vaQ6iv

v&QSoq VD^Qxr^

XVIII 19

vavzla

XVI 4P

12, ei J>as.

vd^atv

L,

P

vfo's I i>

loL,

vsd)zeQoq

13L

I

2

vevQd

XVni

17

II

5, 6, 7,

XVIII

IV

;

D

I 2

1

7

P

27

14,

C X

V

VI

IV

XI 2

XXVI 5H

6,

XIX

XXX

3,

I

;

D V

IV

I 3, C, 5,

XVIII 30P

XIV

V 8,

12,

IX

3;

5.

IX

5,

XXIII

Q

i

6,

^Aov VIII

XVII

2

8 I,

XXIV

15, et

2

;

C

15

pas.

XIII

4, 7

II 10

X

;

23

;

D

II

C XII 6

IV

V

VII

11 C.

8Aoe I 5, V 7, 12, VI 9, XIII 5P, iP; C X45, XIII 9; D IV2

XIX

'6Xwq

6,

XI

10,

XIX

2;

C X6;

XI

7

7,

XII

3,

XIV

D V

3,

Hfifxa

7,

5,

2,

"Ods 13c,-

IV

P

A

XII 2 VIII iiC, XVIII

D IV

9

XXV SB VIII

8,

X

21,

XXII

I

IB;

XII 2

9,

XV

10;

D

I

13,

12

OflOLOW

XXVI

6//ocQ}g

VIII

dfxoXoy^o)

D

ofiovoia VIII 7 P,

14

13,

14

4

7,

10,

X4, 14—19, XII

8

Visi, XI

XIII

V2C; D IV

cIjMOio?

CIX9U

06061^ (">)

C

VIII 4

ofAO&vfiadov VIII 2 PC, XVIII 2

9

VI

XXVI 7H

IX 5P

ofivvfii

I

VI

odovq

5,

V

VIII

bXiyoq

dfXiXia

C IX 9T

5,

2,

D IV

6;

XVIII

5,

HP, XVIII 23 C

oXoaaif^azog

IX

6,

^vlog^OQEO)

DI

2

"OXv/iTtoi;

^Uvoq XXI 3B

<5rfoe

D

XIV I,

H

XXVI

10,

I,

5

7

3 dXoXvt,o)

X6

^l^og YlXl

odsvo)

IX

oiaxog^-

VII

I

Srj^aLVO) II 8,

^tt>

oi'f/.oc

10,

IV

i,

XIV

va)TOv

XV

I 13

X

II 8,

III 3, 7,

Tit

;

XV

D

VIII

pas.

va)66g

6,

A,

D I

otfiai

olog

I

X5

19A; C

wxto(pay^of] * XVIII 35 P

C

Vi, VIII

3;

olvoq XVIII 31

6,

vovq XVIII

^rjQog

r

VII

I 5 L,

olxovf^evt]

voaritia

et

VIII

2,

ohoq

5

V0iMi?(w

vv^

XII 4

oixovofieo) I iP,

9

voToe VII

I,

XVIII 43P;

vo^w XI iP vofifi

14

13,

C

II 7, III 3,

olxoSoiiii I

12

XIII 2

vinxij}

D

5;

xvm 25 L

v^Ttios vt;tf?^

XVIII

2

3

XIII

X6, XXII 13; C XII 5 IV4CC°, VIII 4. XII 3; C XI XIII 2; D VI I oiX7]Ti']Qtov IV 5, XVII 2; C XI 5 olxia I 14L, VI 10; D VI I oixo6o^eo) I I, 7, XIX i, 2, XXI XXII 6, XXIII 4, XXVI 7H; C Pro

A

V£V()OX«Aa(TiS *

VjJ^ttJ

D IV

11;

otPtffc'rT/C

vsvQOV XVIII II, 36 VBfpQOq

XX

13,

olxao)

2 L, 3 L, 4 L

C Pro

C

V

6,

7

olxet.ox£t^(og

DI6

XX

vevficc

V

otdaivQj

V7

vedvvfi<pog

IV lAP,

olSa

otVigf C XII

XX20B;

vsxQog

IV

oixeXog

veavlag I loL,

2

dSvQfxdg

II 5,

5. 8,

3, 4i

D IV 9 D IV

dSvvfj

11

10,

9,

7,

XXII 20P

8 H,

isr

Index of Greek words

III.

X

II, 4,

5

III 6

4P

ofiov VIII 4, iiC;

C XI

9

8P;

C IX

9,


9

III.

152=*

XXVI 8H

dveidtofiOQ ovlvrjfxi-^

C

llvofia I

2V,

6L,

X

XI

VI

IV

II 5,

VII

5, 6, 8,

XIII

5, 6,

3, 4,

12,

6, 7,

6,

V

IX

5,

7?^

XIV

3,

XV II, 14, XVI 4P, XVIII 4P7 i5i XXII 14, XXIV 2Q, XXV z, XXVI 4H, 5; C Pro 5, IX 8, 10, X 53, XII XIII

4, 5, 6,

1,

VII

6, 8;

D

VI

III 6,

9,

SigT

TitC,

5;

2,

H

oTiiad-OTOvOQ XVIII 10

ovxexL

4:, IV 13,

VI

SQyavov VIII

11;

DII

10 A,

V 9, XXV 8

oQXiQo) 33,

^xoq C IX ^Qvsov C

C

^QViq

XXII

^Qoq VIII

VHI

d^vaao) I

I,

5

7,

9, ei

4PS IX 5, XVIII 40P, XX 15; 3. C X 15, 25, 33, XI 8, 9 Uits^ I2, 7C, V II, VII iQ IX 2C, XII 4, XIV 6, XV 5, XVIII 2Q, XXVI 5B, 8H; C X4; D I3, II4; Sub V C Pro

daxeov XVIII 35

XI Tit

7,

XII

2, 5,

Xm

C

oxovv XVIII

3,

P

39;

XII 6 I

;

dx^vruoq (?)

1.

I 2, II 5,

IV

XIII 5P;

II 3,

D

12,

V 6, 9,

D

H2, 4

et

I

HI,

XIV 8, 9,

XV 2; C 12; D IV 10; 3,

C

4 A, XIII 4

i!,

8, II 3. ^^P^^-

2A, 3W, 4H,

2,

1,

pas.

13

I

I,

m

5,

6L,

pas.

D

II

10

Tialaioq

D

I

nalo)

IlaXataxlvn

2

C X

naXdfin XVIII

8,

XIII 14

XX 4; C

11 P,

IX 9T,

XIII 14 II 9, III 7,

Tiavdyioq

I

Ttavdd-Xioq

TiavaeXrjvoq 1 1

7,

4L

I3L,

n&Xiv

IX 8P, XIII

XVIH

i,

VII 8

Tratc I

pas,

oaoq I

oaxiq

pas,

C X29

Tiaidlov I

I

XII 4

12,

et

12, et pas.

4

7iai6ondx7jQ (?)

2C, 3L,

I,

IV

nd&og IX 4P XXVI 7Q; C X28, XIII naMgiov I 2B, C, 3, 4B, 9B, et

OQOO) VI 10 L 0?

12, II

II 8 A,

nalyviov

XXIII

3,

et pas.

5,

XIII 4P, XVIII 16P

9,

IV 17 44P XIII 4, XVII

I,

TtaiSevo}

X

loP

2,

20, 31,

X

S3 47, XIII

11

D

X 40,

C

^ipcq

II 4,

6L,

Pro

d-ipla I

13

VI loH, II VI 8, XI 6, XVIII

8,

X

X

4,

d(p&alfx6q

12,

XXIV 5 Q

dQlt,(o I

7,

dxXovfisvoq L:

10,

VI

3,

2,

2C,

oxXriaiq

i

VI

I

dxEixoq * XVII

V6L ^QB^iq V8P dgB-oq XI H dQS'Q>q

V

II 3t

I 3;

o<piq

oQyiQo)

^Qd^Qoq

IV

P

7

3C, XII

I

C

SigT

C

2

13

d^stko) XVIII

V2P, 3P

d^yi)

IX

ovno}

ovxl

6noZoQ XVIII 4P OQdo) I 3L, 4L, VI 10; C Pro 4;

eipa^.

XIII 3 P, 4P, XXII

5,

XIII 3;

ovxayq I

vm 6

^TtXov

n, VI

D II 4, D IV 2 XV 10, XXII 15

C

2;

ovxoq

i

6,

ovdenoxs

ovq

XVI

V 3,

oUelq

ovQavoq I 3, 6, 8, II i L, OvQtaq D I I, 2, 3, 12 ovQov XVIII 27 P

vvoq C X 28 ovv^ XI 7

oma&^ev

2C, 4L, VI'5,

I

XXVT 4B oUs XVin3; D I 12,

ovSafiiaq

ovQ&vioq

XVIII iP

dvo7i^6a(t)7tOQ

I 12

ovx

ou, ovXy

nC,

3,

D

do(pvq

XIII 14

9, 10,

4,

Index of Greek words

ndvGsnxoq

V

5,

3C

XXVI 5 Q IV

D

9 VIII 5

6L,

8,

et

pas.


H

1

P

1

ni. Index of Greek words

navtsX&q V 7 P %avtoxQ6xu}Q III

IV

III 3

XXII

2P,

I,

XXVI 5 H, XXVI 4

XX 4 na^a^oXixSx; D

7

naQayivofiai naQaSlSiOfjti

9H; C XII I C XIII 8 Tta^ocpd-aXfiia'-^ C X 28

5

10

I

D II 9 XVI 5P, XXV 8B; IX

13, 14. 53,

XIII

4,

XV 4,

C IX

9, 12, 13,

XVII

8,

14

XVIII

2,

XX 20B

3,

I

i,

XX 5 C Pro 2 D IV na^dxXfjaig D II 5, IV 11 naQaxoXov&io} VIII 8, X 3 TtaQaxovQ) XXV SB ;ta^aAA«(r(;tt> I 3 L ;

Tit

4,

D IV X 8P

XX 6 P, TtBigd'Qeo XV

D

Tcev^eo)

nevB-og

TEfpce

2

I,

XVril,

I,

na^Efi^oX'^

naQ^QXO^ai XI

XVI

XXV

3,

I,

X

I,

XVII

I,

3,

6;

D

II 3

2P

7i

23, 31, 34, 50,

2,

4

L

IX iH, XI

XVII

TiEQixsifj-at

tceqlxXeLo)

2;

C

X

i

;

D

XX 9P; C X 4, XI 9, XIII 14; D II

C XI

XIII

2 H,

9VW

VI II IV 2; C XI D IV 13

X

;ie(>i?cZvToeT

10,

32(?P)

D

7lSQU0XJ]fll

TiSQtxaXX^g

7

VIII

25, 27, 28,

XI 6

TlSQlXQlXOgf TteQiTiatia)

7,

i

15

7i£Qiex(o VIII 7; Tie^trixio)

9

naQ^Q) IV

9

B

XVI 2H

IX iP,

i,

XV

neQLhQXOfJiai

I,

XI

XX 19 H D II 7, IV

nSQiBiGSQX^f^^^ XI 2 Tis^LSvdvo) Sig T

I,

XXV

B

I 7

ns^leifii II 9 *

XV

XXII 2B,

naQEiasQxoficci

2

XIX 2P, XXII IB; D VIII XVI 7

nsQiSeo)

Vin I,

C XII

nEQidmo) P: XVIII

XIII 3

I,

XIV

;

nSQianXoio

III 5

7t%i//t VII

i

TrfVTccA^^a Sig

C

C

XIII 3

iC, XXII 16 Q; Sig

Tie^Tto) I

36

X9 TiagatTj^io) D VI 4 TtaQatpaivw XX 13 Q Jia^a^wAftrrcu XX 20 H n&QeSQoq

5,

1

nkXayog XVI

XVIII 3 HL naQaaxofiaxl'Qai^ XVIII 21

nagax(o^6Q>

21, 31,

XXII iiB, XXVI 4 B

nelQ-o)

TtaQaar^xoj

TtaQdza^ig

C XII

Tteid-aQXeo)

XVII 2 naQafiv^ia D IV 11 naQ&vofxoq VI 4 P nttQavofiofq

XVIII

3,

II

na^a(X0Q<p6(i)

TcaQaTiLTirQ}

14, II 6, g( pas,

XII

V4, 12, XVIII 18P, 22, XXVI 9H; C Pro I, XIII 10; D I 12, IV

TtbVfjg

11,

6,

Ttorrjp

1

;

C

naQaXva) XVIII

12,

7>

4,

4L, XI

35

2, 3.

TtaQaxaXsQ)

;ra^cJ;i;-?;;i05

XVIII 10

nag

Tiav^onaQd&otogr C XIII 4 Ttavo) VII 7, XVIII 31

XVII 2P

naoaxad-l^o)

Tift^coTiq

Ttdaxo) I

8;

XII

naQaxaUlofiai

6,

(adj.)

TtaQOvala

XXVI 4B

;r«(>«yy^AAw

IV

;

V 4C,

naQiaxTifii

na^a^ol^

XIII

4, 5

XVIII loP, 37 H 9, VI i, IX iC, XIII 3P, XIV 2, XVI 5, XVIII 3, XXVI

H

5

3,

XXII

nccQa^kiita)

44P,

XXVI

7,

C IX 9T; SigT naQlaS-fitov

m7,

naQa^LoCfO^ai

X

V

naQS-kVog (noun)

D

7L, VI 8;

5,

7

^&vtoxe %6.vv I

IS3*

TiSQiJtXsxo) 7l6QL7lOt.£0)

D

II

10

V7 V7

XXII

17,

C XIII XXI 3 Q IX 2 PC

Tie^mixofiaL

2;

18; 5

C

X

3

i

3,


Index of Greek words

III.

154* nspinoXevo) VI 3 P

V6L

7i£Qia(ptyy(D

V

XVI

XVI

12

XV 8 nhccXov D IV

VIII

nexQa C

X 45

VIII 12;

nd^co

I

I,

3

12 iS

16,

XX

16,

D IV

SB;

14,

XV

VI 4P,

13

XVI

C

X

VII

5

L

52 12

I,

C X 36 XIX iP, XX

I,

17;

C X

13,

24,

5

IV

noXvg

1 1,

5 L,

noXXd

I

2L,

I,

IV

IV

6, 9,

D V

XXVI 9H; D

I 6, 12,

Tiovj^Qog I

2L,

6L, VI 4P, 12,

7

V4P, D

5,

V 5,

1X6,

7P, etpas.

X2

i

novio) XVIII 14P, 4,

C XI 4

4;

noXvxifiog XXII 16P

13

XXIII

noXvTtolxiXog

noXvxeXiig

X 2UW

;iA/xft>t* (plico)

XVI 2, XVIII XXI 3 Q

28;

C

4,

XV

XXVI 8H;

D

VI