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Boston Public Library

http://www.archive.org/details/mysteriesofastroOOroba


FRONTISPIECE


THE CVil

Pptni^B

0f

|^0tr0l0gg,

WONDERS OF

MACtIG:

INCLUDING

A HISTORY OF THE

RISE

AND PROGRESS OF ASTROLOGY,

AND THE VARIOUS BRAXCHES OF

TOGETHER WITH VALUABLE DIRECTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS RELATIVE TO THE

CASTING OF NATIVITIES, ANT)

PREDICTIONS EY GEOMANCL CHIROMANCY, PHYSIOGNOMY, h. ALSO,

f igl]ls

Btostnrg llarratito, gimtMfs,

i%

nXUSIRATTVE OF

THE lAEYELS OF WITCHCRAFT,

SPIRITUAL

PHE^^OMEM, AND

THE RESULTS OF SUPERNATURAL INFLUENCE. BY

DR.

C.

W.

"^Z

ROBACK,

PEESTOENT OF THE ASTROLOGICAL COLMGE OF SWEDEN, AKD FOUNDER OF THE SOCIETY

OF THE MAGI IN LOKDON, PARIS, AND

ST.

PETEESBURG.

BOSTON: PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR. 1854.


Entered according to Act of Congress, In the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, by

C.

W.

ROBACK,

In the Qerli's Office of the District Court for tho District of Massachusetts.

Stereotyped by Vi.vceot Diil, Jr.,

Nos. 29

&

SI

Bookman

Street,

Printed by

N. T,

Wbiqht

&

IIastt,

No. 3 Water Street, Boston.


i.

lATION KEIIKER SKEPTICAL KOR CREDULOUS,

EVER READY TO HEAR, READ, AND INVESTIGATEâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;EVER WTLUNG TO RECOGNISE AND

BOW TO

TRUTH, IN

WHATEVER GUISE SHE IIAY APPEARr-AND EVER

EAGER TO ACCORD TO LEARNING AND RESEARCH THE MERIT THEY DESERVE,

RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED

THE AUTHOR.


d

^tttoKogvagljj

My

earliest recollections of

tlje

home

%\\i\tix.

refer to an old castellated

building of somewhat rude architecture, situated almost under the

shadoTv of an enormous mass of table rocks, towering high above its roof,

and dwarfing into comparative insignificance

walls and really colossal proportions.

wild and

romantic.

Groups of

tall

its

massive

The scenery around was spectral

firs

and rocks

THE CASTLE OF FALSTERS.

rising abruptly

from the

upon which the

edifice stood

were scattered over the plateau a sluggish stream, which supplied

plain, ;


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR.

Vlll

among

the moat of the castle twined

the dwarf evergreens thai

covered most of the level ground in the vicinity, and the back

ground of the landscape was a mountain range, darkened with up to the line where vegetation ceased,

forests of the yellow pine

and the region of eternal snow began.

The building was

Within

ancestral home.

my

the ancient castle of Falsters, in Sweden, its walls,

the family of Koback, or, as

it

spelled in the old Norse records, Roback,

had dwelt from time immemorial. The founders of the house of Roback were men of renown among the Vi-Kings and Jarls of the Scandinavian coast and islands, and honorable mention is made of their exploits in is

Some

the Sagas of the Scalds, or bards of the North.

of these

poems are now extant in the Icelandic collection, in the library of the Royal Geographical Society at Copenhagen. I have no recollection of

my

my

parents, both of

whom

my

family reminiscences are confined to

elders,

and one

sister,

died in

my

infancy,

six brothers

younger than myself.

By

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

and

all

my

the time I had

reached the age of ten years I began to perceive that a degree of respect and attention, almost amounting to reverence, to

me by

Five of

the rest of the family.

my

time gone out into the world to seek their fortunes cadets of an ancient had been courted,

line,

known

caressed,

friends in the careers they It

was about

parted to

me

was paid

brothers had by this and, as the

;

and honored throughout Sweden,

and helped forward by powerful

had chosen.

this period that

my

the history of our family.

elder brother Frithiof im-

He

informed

race had been renowned for their prophetic

gifts,

me

and

that our

their skill

and attainments in Magic, Astrology, and other occult lore, for more than four hundred years. He spoke of Magnus Roback our grandfather, and of the fame he had acquired as an Astrologist, and of an uncle, now resident at St. Petersburgh, and enjoying the countenance and friendship of the Emperor Nicholas. " But," said

my

brother,

^'

it

son, that the prophetic gifts

is

in the seventh son of a seventh

bestowed upon our family must

looked for in their utmost intensity.

You

-be

occupy that extraor-

Our father, Gustavus Adolphus Roback, was the seventh son of Magnus Roback, and you are his seventh dinary position.


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR. This disclosure was made to

cAzVd."

me

IX

in the " Hall of Shields,"

a vast apartment of the castle, the -walls of which were hung with the targes, spears, and battle axes of my warlike and

THE HALL OP SHIELDS.

daring progenitors strife,

;

and as I contemplated those weapons of "

I said within myself,

my

gifts are

not of war but of

peace, not of hatred and violence, but of benevolence and philanIf I can foresee

thropy.

and

teach the parties imperilled

my

foretell dangers,

how

why cannot

to avert them.

Such

I also

shall

be

mission."

"When

I

put into

was fourteen years old my

my

hands a

little

eldest brother, Thorsten,

history of the

Roback

race, derived

from various black-letter and printed volumes preserved in the family archives.

He

also presented

me with an

antique drinking

horn, and a hir or trumpet, which had been heir looms of our

house for

many

centuries, together with a

model of a Scandina-

vian "War Galley, the original of which was commanded by a Jarl of our

name

in the eighth

century.

A

curiously carved

Sledge, (said to have belonged to a Yi-King of our race,

a member

who was

of the famous Icelandic expedition supposed to have


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OP THE AUTHOR.

X

discovered the shores of America a thousand years before the

was also given to mo by Balder, my second About twenty years ago, I had these antiquities copied

birth of Columbus,)

brother.

SCANDINAVIAN

by a distinguished Swedish

WAR GALLET.

artist,

and the engravings of them

presented in this autobiography are very accurate.

my

Sweden,

my

countrywoman tlenny Lind, has well remarked, a land of poesy and romance. Some would call the people superstitious, perhaps, but they have native country,

is,

as

gifted

strong reasons for the faith they have placed in Astrology, inas-

much

as the most extraordinary realizations of astrological pre-

dictions

that

Sweden.

I,

and

the world

has ever known, have occurred

in

myself, as thousands in Stockholm, in Christianstadt,

in Bergen,

can

attest, cast the nativity of

King Bernadotte,


AUTORIOORArnY OF THE AUTnOR. (Charles XIV.,) and of his destiny.

named

O71 that

XI

day which would form the

the

crisis

day he died /

jiUK'''

A^TCIENT

At

\\\.\'M

the age of fourteen I began diligently to apply myself to

the study of the liberal and occult sciences, devoting especial attention

Magic.

Astronomy,

to

Gcomancy,

Physiognomy,

Mathematics,

Geometry,

Thrcnology, and every

Astrology, species

of

The investigations I then commenced were continued

for seventeen

years, during

Europe, Asia and Africa, for

which tlie

I

visited various parts of

purpose of perfecting myself

in

magical science, and practising the arts of Divination, for whicli

my

family had so long been famous.

of the

Red

Sea, I visited

Passing into Africa by way

Grand Cairo and

thence following the course of the

NHo

the Pyramids, and

to the confluence of the

made myfrom the modern

streams that feed that mighty and mysterious river, I self familiar

with

all

that could

be elicited

Egyptians, respecting the incantations and prodigies performed


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR,

Xll

by the

Some

priests of ancient Egypt.

of the inscriptions on the

me

gigantic ruins lying along the valley of the Nile, interested

deeply site

;

and during about a year's sojourn

in a village near the

of ancient Thebes, I collected several rolls of papyrus taken

from the catacombs, which, on being unrolled, were found "written in the ancient cuniform characters to

to

be

which Champollion,

the celebrated French Archseologist, and at a later period, Mr.

These papyri con-

Gliddon, have furnished a sufficient key. tained,

among other

things, the nativities of several kings of the

Ptolemaic dynasty, and the system of calculation employed in casting them has proved very useful to

Leaving Africa for Asia,

and

Shiraz,

I visited

me

in

many

instances.

Damascus, Bagdad, Ispahan

and from the formulas of the ancient Magi,

still

preserved in the royal archives of Persia, obtained a vast fund

of information relative to the processes by which future events

become even as things present to the eye of the astrologer. Having made my way, through many perils, (which nothing save my prophetic gifts would have enabled me to escape,) from Asia to Europe, I then, for the first time, began to use for the benefit of mankind the wonderful and supernatural faculty which I was conscious of possessing as an element of my mental constitution, and which had been increased in intensity and power by years of profound observation and research. In London, I cast the nativity of William lY., then King of England; and predicted

marriage of the then

the

Yictoria with Prince Albert, in a couplet, which

Princess

was published

at the time in a monthly periodical called the " Astral Guide,"

and has

since been re-produced with suitable comments, in an

English

treatise

entitled

"

Astrology

Authenticated."

The

couplet runs thus " Britain shall see her proudest day

Wheu

with a

Y

is

linked an A."

Hague and

St. Peters-

burgh, I was treated with the highest consideration.

In Paris,

At Madrid,

Lisbon, Vienna, Berlin, the

however, I was not so fortunate,

member

for,

having at the request of a

of the Buonaparte family, cast

the nativity of Louis


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR.

Xlii

Napoleon, son of the ex-king of Holland, I declared, that he

would one day wear an imperial CBOwn. This circumstance coming to the knowledge of Louis Philippe, I was ordered to leave France forthwith, and that there might be no mistake about the matter, was conducted to the frontier under an escort of chasseurs. It

T:

to

would occupy too much space, and might seem

recount the honors that were paid to

me

like egotism,

at the

various

The insignia of five orders conferred upon me by the hands of as many independent princes, are now in my possession, and my correspondence with men of the highest birth and station in the old world, would fill many volumes. I have capitals of Europe.

been engaged for some time past in selecting from this mass of such as are not of too private a nature to be published,

letters,

with a view to their appearing in a work which I propose to leave as a legacy to the American public. '^'

Satiated with tinsel honors, and longing for a less artificial

state of society than that in

determined to

which

had

Of my career on

would seem almost unnecessary

it

New York

this side of the

to speak.

and Boston, are the

nativities,

have cast not

I

less

and have given audience

Baltimore,

cities in

have principally resided, and during the nine years of in America,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;the

This was in 1844, and on the 14th of June in

that year I landed in America.

Philadelphia,

moved, I now

lately

land of the frank and the free

visit that

United States.

Atlantic

I

my

which I sojourn

than thirty-eight thousand to

more than two hundred

thousand applicants for magical information.

Property to the

amount of hundreds of thousands of dollars has been recovered through my agency and my occult powers, ever devoted to philanthropic purposes, have been employed to heal the sick, cheer the desponding, foretell peril, and suggest the means of ;

escaping

it,

and enable

detect crime, aid faithful lovers,

who were

all

make

friends of foes,

in difficulty, danger or distress,

to

achieve a victory over the evils that encompassed them, and successfully court the smiles of fortune.

All

who read

not read

them?

the newspapers

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;must be

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and who in

this

country does

aware that I foretold the success of


AUTOBIOGRAPHY OP THE AUTHOR.

XIV

Jenny Lind, and actually named in the United

realize

States.

subject has been published,

The

sum she would The correspondence upon this in advance

and speaks

failure of Kossuth's mission

New York

before he landed in

;

tlie

for itself.

was

but as

also predicted

by me

the facts connected

all

with this matter have appeared in the columns of the daily press, it is unnecessary to recapitulate

The United its

States

is

now my

them here.

home.

laws, the sturdy independence of

its

I

admire

people.

its institutions,

All the flattering

upon me by the sovereigns of Europe, are of small account in my estimation, when weighed against the confidence with which I have been honored by the testimonials of respect heaped

Sovereigns of America.

The work

to

which these pages may serve as a preface, has

been prepared with great care and labor, and I tribute of sincere regard to the land of that, as

my

offer it as

adoption

;

a

believing

a popular treatise on Astrology, Geomancy, Palmistry,

and all the departments of occult science,

it

will be found both

interesting and instructive.

Heretofore the technicalities with

which

have been obscured, have rendered

all

books of

this class

them sealed volumes

to the million.

I flatter myself that I have

simplified the sublime theory of Astrology

and

its

concomitants,

book now presented as the vade mecum of the student and believer, and feel assured that it will fill a vacuum in the history and philosophy of magical phenomena. in the


^^j%ei&&y.


THE

Pptnits &

%$ixah^^.

0f

HISTORY OF ASTROLOGY. a

The

Science of Astrology, or doctrine of the stars, (from astron,

star,

and

logos,

a

word

or description,)

coeval with the fulfillment of the

guage of Milton,

" out of

fiat

may be

justly said to be

which, in the sublime lan-

darkness called up light," and appointed

the planetary orbs in their revolutions and phases, to be for signs

and

seasons, for days

The

and years.

frequently repeated and highly figurative allusions

made

by the early Hebrews to the influence of the sun, moon, and stars from the commencement of Genesis to the sublime prophesies of Amos, furnish ample evidence that they were not unacquainted with

planetary influences which form

those

the

science

of

Astrology.

'The star

birth-place of Jesus of Nazereth

which led the shepherds of Judea

and rested in In

by

Adam

its

orbit over the spot

was pointed out by the

to the city of Bethlehem,

where the child was.

the knowledge of Astrology appears to have existed

inspiration,

and

to

him

his posterity

foreshadowing of those events, by

its aid,

were indebted for the which would otherwise

have been locked up until their consummation in the time

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;nor can we doubt that

mysteries

from the

;

womb

they were instructed by him

of

in its

thus Seth, one of the patriarch's posterity, foreseeing, stellar

aspects, the

approach of the general deluge,


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

18

rudely engraved in astrological hieroglyphic characters on pillars of stone and brick, the elements of the science to preserve

it

for

the benefit of future ages.

In addition to other evidence corroborative of this

Jewish historian, Josephus, asserts that he saw

the

Abraham, the father of the Jewish

antediluvian relic in Syria.

among

nation, having acquired the science

sent

fact,

this astrological

the Chaldeans,

when

by the command of Omnipotence into Canaan, and, sub-

sequently, into Egypt, instructed the Egyptians in its elements,

among whom

it

was regarded with peculiar veneration and

many Newton informs

cherished with care for Sir Isaac

centuries.

us that

when Astronomy had been

applied to the purposes of Navigation, and the Egyptians had

been enabled by the sun-like risings and sittings of the planets, assisted

by other observations,

to

determine the length of the

which they accomplished two thousand before the birth of Christ, an African prince, assisted by a priest of Egypt, solar year,

laid the foundation of Asti'ological science, basing

it

not only on

the position, but also on the peculiar appearances of the planets

when, subsequently, the Ethiopians invaded Egypt, and the hosts of Egypt in great numbers fled to Babylon, they carried with

them the science and art of Astrology,

in

which they instructed

the Babylonians.

Among

the

more abstruse

sciences, for a

knowledge of which

the oriental nations were remarkable, no science

with greater care,

we might

was cultivated

add, intense solicitude, than that

which forms the subject of the present chapter.

The

destinies of

men and

of nations have alike been deter-

mined, in those countries, by the planetary- aspects and positions. If,

under the iron-hand of despotism, the science of Astrology

has in those nations been diverted from object, the error furnishes

its just

and legitimate

no argument against

invalidates the inductive evidence on

which

In the early records of ancient Egypt, of Misraim, or Menes, one of the

first

its

truth,

nor

it rests.

we

find that the son

of the Egyptian princes,

excelled in Astrological science.

The whole

line of descendants

from the prince, forming the


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. first

dynasty of Misraimian

Astrology and the

sister

princes,

deeply versed in

To one

sciences.

indebted for the signs of the Zodiac

^ere

;

19

a second,

we are named Firawun,

of them

sought, from an impulse of fear, the destruction of the prophet

Noah, believing, that in accomplishing the death of the chosen Hebrew, he should avert the threatened deluge and the destruction of the antediluvians.

The attempt was vain

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the

prophet survived

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the

whole of dynasty,

the race, save Efilimoun, the chief Astrologer in the

perished amid the destroying waters

;

he alone was permitted to

enter the ark of the covenant, to unite himself to the posterity

of Noah, and, subsequently to the secession of the waters, to

found a second dynasty of twenty-six princes, of which he was the progenitor.

This immediate descendant of Misraim excelled petitors in the cabalistic art

;

his

all

com-

thoroughly acquainted with every

connected with Astrology, he was the acknowledged

science

depository of

all

known

the Astrological and Magical science

human

the remnant of the

family

who descended on

to

the plains

of Shinar.

The descendants

of Efilimoun exalted the science of Astrology

to a degree which, in the highly-wrought figurative

the orientals,

had no

language of

parallel.

Harouth and Marouth, two magicians (so called) who lived in reign of Adine, the son and successor of Efilimoun, in the fulworld with and the celebrated female magician Nedoure, to

fillment of their Astrological predictions, filled the their

whom

fame is

;

ascribed

still

greater cabalistic power, established the

worship of the idol of the sun, and formed the peculiar vase so richly

and beautifully described by the oriental

poets,

and said

to be inexhaustible.

The most eminently distinguished, among the successors of Adine for a perfect knowledge of the mysteries of Astrology were Schedad, who formed the Signs of the Zodiac (orientally termed the houses of Heaven) from observations made by him, on the planets and constellations, and Menncawousch, who brought publicly into notice this invention, to display the

ele-


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

20

ments of a science held sacred by the many, but understood only by the chosen few.

Menncawousch

warm

said to have been the inventor of the

is

bath, and the projector of the twelve feasts corresponding to,

and in honor of the twelve Signs of the Zodiac,

to

which we

have above alluded. In the ardor of their gratitude for these combined benefits, the ancients assigned to this prince the honor of having dis-

covered the Philosopher's treasure by which the baser metals could be converted into gold and silver.

During the reign of Menncawousch, the Arabians made war upon, and sacked Egypt, carrying back to their capital a know-

God and Ergon,

ledge of the Theurgic (from Theos,

Sciences, in the perfection of which they

stood

work,)

unrivaled for

ages.

The oppression

of the Israelites, during the latter period of

and the consequences which immediately

their sojourn in Egypt,

followed their flight from captivity, are deeply interwoven with the mysterious truths of Astrology.

Mythological writers,

King

dictions of his

by

attribute

Hebrew astrologers who

of Egypt, on the

assassination,

the

inflictions

Pharoah,

of

captives, to the cunning predic-

declared that he would perish

from the hand of an

Israelite.

Paralyzed with fear at this alarming prediction, the Egyp-

Monarch commanded that

tian

all

the male

Hebrew

should be cast into the waters of the Nile (Exodus, 1 decree was fulfilled

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; of

all

:

children

22.)

The

the male Hebrew children born at

that period, Moses alone, the future deliverer of his nation from

bondage, was saved through

the,

benevolent intervention of the

tyrant's daughter.

The subsequent events connected with ites,

are well

known

:

the waters of the

the escape of the Israel-

Red

by some planehand of the Hewhile Pharaoh and his Sea,

tary attraction, receded on the right and left

brew

which marched on dry land, people in pursuing them, were engulphed in the watery abyss host,

formed by the liquid walls which had sheltered the resuming their original position.

Israelites,


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

2l

So complete, say the oriental writers, was the destruction of no male was left to sit upon the throne, and

the Egyptians, that

an aged female named Deluke was called to that dignified station.

This queen no sooner assumed the imperial dignity, than, fearing foreign invasion, she applied to the female astrologist, Ne-

whom we

doure, to

have heretofore alluded as the greatest magi-

cian in the land, for advice and assistance.

Nedoure, having consulted the

stars,

commanded

that a temple

should be immediately erected, having four sides fronting the four cardinal points, the doors of which should be decorated

with figures representing numerous armies.

Thouands of Egyptians were employed, day and erecting of

this

building;

when

night, in the

completed, the

astrologist,

addressing the queen, said, " I have placed you and your kingdom in safety

:

fear no attack.

If an hostile

enemy approaches your

dominions, destroy the figures on that side of the temple which points to the comer's direction of his

armed

hosts,

and their

destiny shall be that of your enemies."

The

historian says, the virtue attributed to this magic temple,

kept the surrounding nations in awe, and that

it

was not

until

the destruction of this temple, four centuries subsequent to erection, that the splendor

Divested of

all

and glory of Egypt

its

declined.

the gaudy tinsel, which the orientals throw

around their glowing descriptions, there

is

a coincidence no less

singular than true, between the destruction of the temple and

the downfall of the Egyptian monarchy.

These historical events

occurred during the reign of Cawmess,

who had

afforded an asylum to a remnant pf the persecuted

benevolently

Hebrews who

were conquered and forced into captivity by Nebuchodonosor,

King of Babylon. The captives were demanded of Cawmess by the Babylonian tyrant the demand was rejected. Nebuchodonosor immediately invaded Egypt, Cawmess was slain, and the entire overthrow of the Egyptian monarchy finally accomplished. :

This truly remarkable event, foretold by the astrologers, in its

consummation, gained a multitude of new converts to a belief


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTEOLOGT.

22

in the occult sciences

:

the latter descended as an heir-loom to

every succeeding generation of Egyptians,

(whatever nations

might be their masters,) under the Macedonians, Eomans, Persians, Greeks, and Mahometan Arabs. "While barbarism, united with conquest, destroyed their liberties,

subverted their literature and political institutions, and

sought the destruction of their nationality, Astrology, attended

by the sister sciences, kept steadily on her onward progress under the varied political dominations to which we have adverted.

The estimation

in

which the Arabs held Astrology contributed,

Mohammed.

in no trifling degree, to the success of

predictions as to

logical

his

were numerous and favorable. parentage, with no

The

astro-

and victorious career His rise from a very obscure

successful

a rapidity which has no

education, with

parallel in history, to the high position of an universal con-

queror, silenced the voice of skepticism in relation to Astrology,

and engrafted

it

not only as a science, but as a religious belief in

among

the institutions of the Ottoman empire

the followers of

the prophet of Mecca.

In the reign of Osman

I.,

one of the successors of Mohammed,

the historian informs us that an astrologer suddenly appeared

before the prince, declared to him that he had seen and conversed, in spirit, with the prophet Elijah

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; that

he,

Osman, should be

victorious in his various warlike enterprises, that he should be.

the most brilliant planet in the East, and that his possessions

should extend through seven climates, the then

The

the

other words, over

known world.

prediction of the seer

was

verified to the letter

became one of the most victorious chiefs.

or, in

;

Osman

in the -annals of the Caliph

In the height of his prosperity and splendor he loaded

astrologer,

who had

predicted

his

fortunes,

with

royal

honors; and in order to perpetuate the science and do honor to

her

priest,

caused an ample convent to be built in the city where

the

latter

resided,

and endowed

which has been perpetuated

The

it

with a considerable fund,

to the present day.

astrological predictions, founded

on the appearance of a


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. comet, by

tlie

most celebrated astrologer of the East, determined

the renowned Timour the Tartar to

The

empire.

23

astrological

sequence of the

seer

make war on

Ottoman

the

declared to him that,

in

con-

comet having appeared to the west of his

dominions, and in the sign " Aries," solely against his enemies

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;that

it

its

influence must be directed

foreshadowed the most appal-

ing disasters to the Caliph empire.

The event fully sustained the prediction, the evils which befel Ottoman empire, consequent on the battle of Angoza, well known to require repetition in these pages. are too As the Sultan Mourad was returning from the amusement of the Caliph

hunting in the vicinity of the city of Adrianople, he was stopped at one of its gates

who

by the

disciple of a celebrated

astrologer,

exclaimed, as he fixed on the monarch his dark and pene-

trating glances, " Illustrious monarch, you have no time permitted to

you

to

arrest the progress of that event

which

the con-

is

You

sequence of our sins against the decrees of heaven. rapidly

approaching the termination of your reign, the

moment

of your earthly career

at

your door

;

;

the destroying angel

is

are last

already

extend your arms towards him, and accept with

resignation the mandate of the heavenly messenger."

Struck with the wild solemnity of the prophetic messenger,

and deeply impressed with

gloomy prediction, Mourad at

his

once believed, prepared himself for the consummation of the mysterious warning, and died on the third day succeeding to his

hunting excursion, in spite of

the

all

available

means which

science or art could invent to save him.

Nor are

the results of the astrological predictions

the accession* of less striking

Mohammed,

made on

the second of the Ottoman throne,

than the above, or

less

completely verified and

fulfilled.

Astrology foretold that his reign should be marked by conquest and glory, the high cultivation of literature and science.

Mohammed became

the subverter of the Greek empire, the

conqueror of Constantinople, and

is

acknowledged

to

have been

one of the most illustrious of his race for intellect and science

and

art.

taste,


24

THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

The

and seventh days of the Tveek are by the laws of

fifth

the Koran, particularly under divine influences.

The

fact that

Mahommed was

and that he issued fifth

his

the seventh Sultan of his race,

primary proclamation on Thursday (the

day of the week) may

have had some

also

effect in stimulat-

ing into action those military energies for which this Eastern

conqueror

is

so truly remarkable.

In perusing, throughout, the annals of the Ottoman empire, scarcely a solitary instance

is

recorded in which the aid of

Astrology was not invoked previously to any important undertaking, particularly in military exploits

;

thus Selim

I.,

when

undetermined in relation to the conquest of Egypt, consulted a celebrated astrologer in reference to the results of an aggressive

war on that kingdom. The reply given was, that conquest should attend the Sultan's The monarch, arms, and Egypt be subjected to his power. however, with anxious ken, looking beyond the immediate consequences of victory, further inquired what would be the duration of his reign ?

The astrologer being commanded "

What

hesitated to reply to the interrogation, but to

do so by the Sultan, replied,

will be the reign of

my

"

Nine years."

son ?" continued the Sultan,

much dejected at the temporal limits allowed to himself. " Twenty years in duration," was the reply to the second distinguished by honors and conquest." interrogatory, The consummation of the events corresponded with the astro~

'â&#x20AC;˘

predictions.

logical

Egypt

;

Selim marched

against

and

conquered

from that moment became an hypochondriac, and

the 7iinth year of his reign.

The splendid

died in

victories attending

the twenty years reign of his son and successor, as foretoM by the astrologer,

is

a theme on which the oriental historian has

lingered with delight and admiration.

There appeared at the commencement of the reign of Selim the year 1572, a comet, which exceeded in brilliancy and

II., in

extent, the planet

The appearance

Yenus. of this unusual visitant operated so powerfully

on the superstitious fears of the Eastern monarch, that

his


THE MYSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY. astrologers were immediately

summoned

to

25

what

ascertain

it

should portend.

They declared

it to

betoken great calamity to his empire from

excessive rains.

The

historian relates that in forty days subsequent to the pre-

diction of the astrologers, the people believed themselves threat-

ened with a second universal deluge. In Europe, equally with Asia, a sea scarcely bounded by a shore,

swept over the vast dominions of Selim's cattle,

cities

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;men,

houses,

bridges and public roads, were swallowed up in the waste

of waters or transported on their bosom, to distant lands.

The seemingly

inexhaustible flood continued for weeks, and the

prediction well authenticated by

corded

it,

all

the historians

who have

re-

affords conclusive evidence in favor of the singular as-

trological skill possessed

by the Arabian

seers,

and the certainty

and correctness of the rules by which they foretold the coming events of the times, whether physical or political.

The

prediction

approaching death,

which is

announced

Mohammed

to

III.

his

not the least among the seemingly marvel-

lous foreshadowings of those ages.

The

Sultan,

on one occasion, in entering through an outer door

was accosted by an astrologer, who, warned him to prepare for death.

to his seraglio,

in a deep

sepulchral voice,

The monarch

in the

midst of health, surrounded by

all

the

voluptuous pleasures of an eastern court, astonished and con-

founded

at

would elapse

the death-like ere

the

inquired

intelligence,

prediction

was

fulfilled ?

days," replied the astrologer, and departed

:

what

the agitated Sultan

retired to his chamber, sickened, and on the fifty-sixth day

In the year 1640 Caliphs fears

:

Mourad

time

" Fifty-six

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; died.

IV., sat upon the throne of the

some months previously

to his death, his superstitious

were much excited by an eclipse of the Sun.

In a moment of intense excitement, he commanded that a mysterious

book transported

to his capital

by Selim, the conqueror of

Egypt, from that kingdom, should be placed before him. Tradition says that this mysterious volume was written in

cyphers and characters of magic, and contained the names and


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

26

fortunes, civil, political

and

Eg3'pt had been or would be

The agitated Mourad,

religious, of every sultan to subject, to the

end of time.

in the attempt to decypher the mystic

writing, discovered or imagined he discovered, his

and a prediction of

The volume was

whom

own name,

his speedy dissolution.

scarcely closed, and the Sultan enjoying some

when a messenger announced him that a Scheykh, or priest, from Mecca, had declared that in the month in which Mourad was born, of that year, (1640,) some evil would happen to the empire which should, if possible, by almsgiving and other devotional acts, be averted. Mourad immediately commanded that all these precautionary and preventive measures should be adopted the public prisons were thrown open and all but assassins, liberated but the astrorepose from his excited condition, to

:

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

logical prediction could not be averted.

Mourad

fell

sick

and

died on the 16th of the month, as foretold by the priest of Mecca.

Among

the

Magi

of Persia, the science of Astrology appears to

have been cultivated to a degree of perfection which no other nation had attained.

In the reign of Darius Hystaspes,

five centuries

the Christian era, a celebrated astrologer

previously to

named Alhakim,

or the

Wise, chief minister to the king, predicted the coming of the future Messiah, the birth and career of

extinction of the

That the

first

Magian

Mohammed, and

the final

religion.

dawnings of Astrology originated

in the oriental

nations to which allusion has been made, history will not permit us to doubt

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but the

celestial science

was destined

to extend far

beyond the limited jurisdiction of the priests of Egypt, or the Magi of Persia, indeed the Greek writer, Philostratus, informs us that astrology was known and practised in Greece 1184 before the birth of Christ, while Diodorus Siculas, the universal historian

of Greece, affirms that the science was introduced into his country

by Hercules. Plutarch asserts that Hesiod, the Greek poet, nine centuries before the Christian era, was an expert astrologer.

Greek Astronomer, five centuries preceding the birth of our Saviour, and Democritus, the Greek philosopher. Thales, the

first


THE MTSTEEIES OP ASTEOLOGT.

27

vrho existed in a subsequent century, acquired considerable celebrity in the science

and

in the annals of Astrology

;

the one by

the appearance of the heavenly orbs, having predicted a scarcity of olives

;

the other as foretelling, by similar means, a plentiful

supply.

Hippocrates, the great physician of Greece,

who

science of Medicine from the shackles in which

among

the archives of the priests of -^sculapius

solid foundation,

and taught

its

numerous pupils

liberated the

was invested

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;placed

it

on a

precepts in his immortal works,

foretold from planetary aspects a direful plague, his

it

to different cities

and transported

abroad that they might

escape the ravages of the pestilence and the consummation of his astrological prediction.

him

to be a god,

For

this prescience

and decreed the

sacrifices of

Greece declared Hercules to his

name.

A host

of oriental records might be adduced in addition to

we have brought forward in support of the truths of Astrology but we turn from the dim lights which glimmer on the disthose

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

tant horizon of time, to the

more certain and

which enlighten the nearer approach

A writer of no which

zines,

for

odicals, says,

to our

brilliant meteors

day and generation.

mean celebrity, in one of the most erudite magamany years took the lead in trans-atlantic peri-

Nostradamus, the Gallic astrologer, predicted that

the Christian religion would be abolished by a decree of the

French

revolutionists,

sacrificed to the

and members of the Catholic priesthood

Goddess of Liberty.

This prediction or prophecy appeared in the public prints in

France two hundred and forty-two years in advance of

its

con-

summation.

The

direful plague,

and scarcely

less devastating fire,

which

de-

populated the capital of Great Britain, during the reign of the

and levelled her proud mansions with the dust, were and published in hieroglyphics by William Lilly, a

Stuarts,

fore-

told,

cele-

brated English astrologer of that day.

The

first

published hieroglyphic, represented a church-yard,

with sextons in active and death-like employment, cart-loads of

dead being dumped by them, into the rude and open graves.


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

28

The second contained a view of London

bridge, on either side

of the river Thames, and the capital in flames.

As rest

if

the Astrologer had determined that no doubt "

on his labors, he entitled them,

The Fate

should

of the English

Nation."

Some years subsequently to the conflagration, the Astrologer was summoned by the British Parliament to the bar of the House of Commons, and commanded, since he had fifteen years before predicted the event of the destructive fire, to declare now, who were its authors. To this command Lilly replied, that having predicted by the aid of science, the catastrophe, he had used every exertion to discover

he inferred that

it

authors

its

—but

unavailingly, from

whence

proceeded direct from the volition and the

finger of God. It is not our province to

ger's belief or otherwise

contend for the truth of the astrolo-

—but time

so prolific in the exposition

of similar events, has failed to reveal the authors of the calamitous visitation

:

centuries have rolled over countless generations

since the period of the catastrophe, yet no suggestion has been offered

traced

by which the incendiary or incendiaries

— their

names are

lost in the

non-existence the assumption of Lilly

By

(if

any) might be

arcana of ages, or in their is

confirmed.

a note appended to Lilly's Astrology which was sold in the

sale of the

unfortunate

Duke

of Marlborough's library,

Charles

L

of England,

appears that the

it

presented

the

astrologer

with one thousand pounds to cast his horoscope. " I

advised him," says Lilly, " to proceed eastward

knows the

west, and all the world If

we

;

he went

result."

turn from the historical records of by-gone ages and

the evidences which they furnish, corroborative of the truths of

much

Astrology, to those of shall find

an equal,

if

later centuries

not greater, amount of testimony in favor

of astrological science

;

—nor

is

the evidence

the offspring of art, chicanery, or hypocrisy delity, or

cunning

;

and our times, we

the

modern

we

— of

shall produce,

ignorance,

infi-

belief in the celestial science will

be found to proceed from the wisest and the best of men, whose words are as the oracles of truth, and whose opinions nothing


THE MYSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY.

We

could purchase.

on

its

head, tracing

shall

show royalty with the imperial diadem the solitary abode of the astro-

its steps to

loger to inquire into the certainty of satisfied

29

with the truth,

if

its

future destiny

not with the predicted

:

effect

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

fully

of

its

muse on the mutability of mortality, and the consummation which, if dreaded, it is assured

revelations, retiring to to prepare for

must take place. In the year 1828 a stranger of noble mien, advanced in

life,

but possessing the most bland manners, arrived at the abode of a celebrated astrologer in London.

The

latter

had

about to solve a of

whom we

just

trimmed

difficult

his dimly -burning lamp,

astronomical problem,

when

and was

the stranger,

have spoken, was announced.

After politely bowing to the astrologer, his guest requested the latter to unfold, if within the reach of his science, his future destiny.

Having informed the astrologer that he was born in London, the stranger added that he was ignorant of the hour or minute of his birth, consequently that he could not establish data for his nativity

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but that

ascertained by

The visiter,

he desired his fate and fortune should be

Horary Astrology.

astrologer complied with the request of the mysterious

drew forth

his tables, consulted his ephemeries,

the horoscope or celestial

map

for the

and cast

hour and moment of the

inquiry, according to the established rules of his art.

The elements

of his calculation were adverse, and a feeling of

gloom cast a shade of serious thought,

if

not dejection, over his

countenance. "

You

are of high rank said the astrologer as he calculated and

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;and of

looked on the stranger,

made a

The stranger

illustrious title."

graceful inclination of the head in token of acknowledg-

ment of the complimentary remarks, and the

astrologer pro-

ceeded with his mission.

The celestial signs were ominous of calamity to the stranger, who probably observing a sudden change in the countenance of the astrologer, eagerly inquired, "

had been assigned him by the

What

evil or

celestial orbs."

good fortune


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

30 "

To

the

part of your inquiry," said the astrologer, " I can

first

readily reply.

You have been

on you have been abundant

now

had, perhaps

the favorite of fortune :

her frowns but few

possess, wealth

of their accomplishment

is

and power

:

;

her smiles

;

you have

the impossibility

the only limit to the fulfillment of

your desires."

You have spoken

"

have

full faith in

my

of

truly of the past," said the stranger.

your revelations of the future

pilgrimage in this

life, is it

be the herald of

ill,

though

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;what

" I

say you

short or long ?"

" I regret," replied the astrologer, in " to

:

true,

answer to

fortune

;

this inquiry,

your sojourn on

earth will be short." "

How short ?" eagerly inquired the excited and anxious visitant.

**

Give me a momentary truce," said the astrologer

consult the horoscope, and

may

;

" I will

possibly find some mitigating

circumstances ?"

Having

cast his eyes over the celestial map,

and paused for

some moments, he surveyed the countenance of the stranger with " I

great sympathy, and said,

am

sorry that I can find no plane-

tary influences that oppose your destiny place in "

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;your

death will take

two years."

Will

my

posterity be honored and prosperous ?" inquired the

stranger. "

Rest assured they will," replied the astrologer.

them will be peculiarly honored

for unequalled

"

One of

and most valiant

deeds."

Pleased with the assigned prosperity of his descendants, the

countenance of the stranger brightened the astrologer, he presented his card.

:

The

on bidding adieu to visitant was George

King of Great Britain, the most accomplished gentleman, though not the best man of his day and generation. IV.,

The event on

May

justified the astrologic prediction

18th, 1830, exactly

:

George IV. died

two years from the day on which he

had visited the astrologer The French annals furnish us with a !

still

further evidence of

astrological truth, in the prediction of the death of the great

Napoleon, by a French astrologer.


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

Having observed

31

attentively the horoscope of the Emperor,

and that the planet Saturn occupied a position

in the house of

honor, he immediately declared that at the period when his (Napoleon's) good fortune should be at

its

meridian,

would

it

rapidly decline, and he would finally be left with few,

if

any,

friends.

Subsequently to Napoleon's noticed in the French journals

prediction was publicly

fall, this :

of

its

consummation the

civilized

universe was the witness, and the barren rock of St. Helena, the

gloomy

locale.

Among

the believers in the occult sciences and supernatural

names that have cast a halo of literary glory around their age and country whose moral worth envy has not dared to slander the pillars of an intellectual world. Such are agencies, are found

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

;

Dr. Johnson and Sir Walter Scott, yet the former believed in "Witchcraft

the

"

;

the latter in Astrology.

Waverly" novels there

natural

is

Throughout the whole of

a manifest leaning to the super-

the wild, unearthly eloquence of Helen McGregor, the

;

superstitious fervor of the Covenanters,

of the female savior of " if

and the awful warnings

Guy Mannering," bear ample testimony

other and stronger, that the mind of the great poetwas deeply tinctured with a belief in superhuman

we had no

historian,

agencies.

The Herculean Johnson would, at

intellect first

and 'unbounded self-esteem of Dr.

him among skeptics Yet we have recorded j)roof

view, lead us to rank

in the belief of the occult sciences.

that this giant of literature and great moralist of his age and nation, expressed his decided belief in Witchcraft.

Napoleon, like the Thane of Scotland, in

and

consulted the "

is

said to have believed

withered hags" of destiny, in relation to

his varied fortunes, to have treasured

up their sayings and been

guided by their predictio-ns.

What

circumstance could induce these

they did not believe,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;in

men

to assert that

which

the most elevated station, each one in

his respective sphere to practise^ an imposition

on the world ? Johnson and Scott would not have dared, from religious fear, if from no other cause, to impose or prevaricate. Napoleon in the


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

32

Ms

natural candor of

diadem on

character, with the imperial

his

head, and nations at his feet, would have spurned with contempt,

the meanness and degradation of a voluntary falsehood.

"What

they asserted, they believed.

That the changes and aspects in the planetary system the physical condition of mankind, tion.

At

Moon

the Lunatic

and ungovernable than

ferocious

many

the changes of the

we know from

diseases are aggravated

at

affect

daily observa-

is

always more

any other period, and

or the reverse, by those mete-

orological changes which are principally dependent on planetary influences.

The mental and physical conditions of our system are

so inti-

mately connected, so absolutely dependent on each other, that the latter cannot be materially affected, and the former remain

undisturbed by the

influences

which have operated

upon

it,

whether painful or pleasurable.

The complex tive

force which causes the planets to

and certain distances around a common

the same

moment

move

at respec-

centre,

to revolve in their individual orbits,

and

at

which up-

heaves and repels the waters of the ocean, controls the return of the seasons, and divides the light from the darkness, must, of necessity, exert

no inconsiderable influence on the condition of

mankind, whether in

its

physical or mental condition.

The celebrated Dr. Mead,

of England, one of the most enlight-

ened physicians of his age, in speaking of the moon, says, conclude, the powerful action of the

moon

is

" to

observed not only

by philosophers and natural historians, but even by common people, who have been fully persuaded of it time out of mind." Pliny relates that "Aristotle lays

it

no animal dies hut in the ebb of the

down tide ;

as an aphorism, that and that births and

new and full moon is an axiom among women. The husbandmen, likewise, are regulated by the moon in planting and managing trees, and several other of their occupations. So great is the empire of the moon over the terradeaths chiefly happen about the

queous globe."

There

is

in the

human mind, independently

fluences, a desire to traverse the vast

of all exterior in-

unknown,

to dive into the


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGT.

and mysterious, and

occult

embrace the

to

of religious faith.

The evidences

33

results as a portion

*

in favor of this fact, in our day, are too

nume-

rous and well-authenticated to admit of a denial.

A work has but

recently issued from the press, from the pen

of an eminent judicial functionary

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;a

of high moral

citizen

character and unblemished reputation, which seeks to establish, as an incontrovertible truth, that spiritual agents are continually

'giving tangible evidences of their presence

among the human

family, that conversations are actually held with unearthly mes-

and that in obedience to their dictates, household furniin various directions, and audible rappings, as

sengers,

ture

moved

is

mysterious answers to propounded questions, sound on the walls, tables or other articles of furniture,

which may be placed near

the interrogator.

We

shall not, in these pages, discuss the "nature of these phe-

nomena

:

it

is

enough

to

prove their existence

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;the

continued

increase of their advocates and disciples from all ranks of society, merits at least attention

and respect

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;and

with the fact

before us, recorded in the Sacred Volume, of the "

Witch of

Endor" summoning the spirit of Samuel before the affrighted Hebrew king, we have no right to deny the appearance of departed spirits among the human family. But Astrology

rests

on a more

visions above alluded to

on an assemblage of

and science in

all

:

it is

solid basis than the spiritual

truly an inductive science, founded

facts collected together

by men of learning

nations and in every age, from the

ings of Jewish history to the present day

;

first

dawn-

deduced as a problem

in mathematics, according to a certain chain of causes which,

from the ages since the flood, have been found invariably to produce a correspondent train of consequences. When the Sun is

we Upon what

obscured and the darkened clouds gather in the East,

predict

that descending showers are near at hand.

data

our prediction founded

?

Upon

such appearances are always accompanied by such

A corresponding Astrology.

is

the time-established fact that effects.

train of reasoning establishes the truths of


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

34 If,

when

tlie

planets liave been in certain positions in relation

to each other, corresponding consequences

have been entailed on

individuals and nations for thousands of centuries, and opposite

have been produced in the same relations, through

effects

when a

vast period of time,

occurred, these opposite, but

still

this

planetary position has

different

undeviating

effects,

demonstrative evidence, that Astrology rests on

furnish

proof which

cannot be invalidated.

The occasional science, affords

failure of the (self-named) professors of this

no argument against

its truth.

Does any one doubt the truths of chemical science because the experimenter, at times,

fails in

producing the desired result

;

or

deny the inspiration of the Sacred Volume because heresies and heretical schisms have arisen from

Why

it ?

then should Astrology, the elder sister of the sciences, be

repudiated, owing to the sins or omissions of her professors

Wherever our

attention

is

directed, whether

?

amid the darkened

pages of the profane historian or to the purer light of Christianity,

we

find this formerly resplendent

on those

astonishing, yet verified

science resting securely

presages which neither the

destroying hand of ages, nor the revolutions of nations and of

men, have been able to refute. Beautiful,

grand and magnificent, as the

which constitutes derived,

it still

its

stellar

empyrean

elements, and from which its predictions are

soars above all other arts, from earth to Heaven,

by the sublime and dignified nature of

its

pretensions.

But

when

the light of philosophical research illumines such preten-

sions,

and truth supports the fabric on which they

rest, the

physical basis on which they have heretofore reposed

is

meta-

eclipsed

by the more substantial splendors of physical demonstration, and they become the elements of an inductive science more truly sublime and more intensely interesting than any that has ever

dawned upon

the world.


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

35

ELEI\1ENTARY PRINCIPLES OF ASTROLOGY.

Prodigies and miracles, says

RoiisseaiT,

most po-^erful means of civilizing have doubted whether, without these

impartial survey of the history of

liest traditionary

;

tlie

auxiliaries, it

laws or durable institutions should

sible that

An

have always been the

world

tlie

men

wisest

would be

pos-

exist.

mankind from the

ear-

records to the present day, in relation to the

influences of Astrology,

must impress

mind of every observer. The proof of the celestial

this truth deeply

on the

influences has always existed in the

natural world, though generally unobserved except by the votaries of science.

Spring and Summer,

Autumn and Winter,

the shades of night

and the dawn of morning, owe their successions to planetary influences "

and are regulated and controlled by them.

The change or removal,"

says the celebrated Locke, " of any

orb, although incomprehensibly distant,

would cause things

to

put on a very different appearance." If the celestial influences govern the planet on which we live, and are capable of producing health or disease, as they are

directed

among

the

human

family, the truth of Astrology is esta-

blished without any further evidence.

We

have

said, in the last chapter, that

ductive science, and this fact

of the

;

if,

now proceed

Astrology was an

in-

to give a simple illustration of

during the existence of this science from the time

Hebrew Patriarchs

to the present day, individuals

born


36

THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

when the planet Mars was in the equinoctional sign Aries, have been subjected to correspondent fortunes and occurrences in life, and other individuals born when Saturn was in the zodiacal signs Capricorn and Aquarius, have been subjected to circumstances in

from those under the influence of Mars, yet

life totally different

corresponding to

each

other, the evidence

establishes

Astro-

logy as an infallible and an inductive science.

We

say, therefore, that every condition of

and

habits

which

fortunes,) is

man,

(his disposition,

indicated by the planetary influences

exist at the period of his birth.

Nor does man," for

this doctrine interfere

He who

most minute turn of every man's

events, doubtless foresaw the volition,

and caused

useless, as

his destiny to correspond with it

some may

influences of Fate

with that of the " free will of

ordained and pointed out the course of human

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;for

falsely imagine, to

:

nor

is it

contend against the

notwithstanding the benevolent or evil

aspect of the planets, at the hour of birth, point out natural

temper and disposition, and indicate the principal events, fortuwhich shall attend the journey through life,

nate, or the reverse,

yet

it

depends on the free will of any individual whether

cultivation of virtue

and wisdom, will enable him

that

all

indicated by the celestial orbs, shall come to pass or not

is

;

the

to resist the

temptations to commit crime, and protect him from misfortune

and

loss

;

while another of a profligate and careless habit, not

only loses advantages of a promising nativity, but evil planetary aspects, is

if born under amid frequently wrecked the breakers

of his fortune through which a wiser and better his vessel with ease

Thus

and

man

far the

celestial

influences

contend,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but there

of goodness and intellect

may

against which negligence

and

is

maximum

control those folly

cannot

a limit to the operations of mind against

the indications of Astrology the

man would guide

safety.

:

excruciating pain and sickness,

of prosperity and adversity,

when

foretold

by the

science of Astrology, cannot be averted.

The whole

earthly career of some individuals,

of misfortunes

;

is

but a succession

every exertion terminates in disaster and disap-

pointment, yet no blame attaches to them

;

they struggle against


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. each

new inroad on

would seem

37

their fortunes with an energy

to merit if not to insure, a

triumph

and

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but

spirit that

are ruined

by a strange coincidence of circumstances which human prudence nor prevent.

(^ould neither see

Particular times are peculiarly disastrous to certain persons,

and

it

not unfrequently happens in families, that numbers

fre-

quently die at the same period, within a few hours of each other.

The

latter event is

undoubtedly owing to a resemblance in the

position of the planets at the time of their nativity.

The

science of Astronomy, so universally admitted to be one of

the certain sciences, owes to Astrology

:

its

existence partially, if not wholly,

the division of the heavens into their respective

and the nature and laws of the planets of the first magnitude, preceded a knowledge of Astronomy by many cenconstellations,

turies.

Until the termination of the sixteenth century, Astrology and

Astronomy were undivided. inseparable and as such we

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

They

are, in fact

and

shall, in this chapter,

in purpose,

consider them

under the nomenclature of "Astrology."

The undeviating

principles

upon which the science

are demonstrated in the certain calculation of Eclipses

is ;

based,

not only

Sun and the Moon will be partially or wholly darkened, but in the positive and never-failing announcement of the exact point of time at which the eclipses will occur, and the degree of shadow which will be thrown over the orb of in the predictions that the

day or night

:

it

has determined the size and figure of the earth,

the measure of the year, the longitude of distant lands, and the safe courses for the

mariner through the trackless paths of the

and tempests which frequently convulse it. But we proceed to describe the Solar System, as first taught by Pythagoras and confirmed by Galileo, Kepler and Descartes ocean, amid the storms

;

the second

named philosopher having,

in

an age of superstitious

tyranny, been loaded with chains and thrown into the dungeons of the Inquisition, for declaring a system to be true which finally established

by the great Newton, and has received

was its

confirmation in the testimony of every succeeding age.

Newton was an Atrologer

before he dived into the depths of


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

38

astronomical science, which he pursued more especially at solely for the purpose of affording

him

first,

assistance in his astrolo-

gical pursuits.

The

Sun, in the

commencement and early periods of the Solar

System, was supposed to be fixed and immovable in

modern on

its

its orbit,

discoveries in the science, have proved that

own

axis,

from "West to East,

in the space of

but

revolves

it

about twenty-

five days.

The planets of the

first

magnitude, which move around the

great luminary by their centrifugal force, and are held at certain

and undeviating distances by

his centripetal force of attraction,

are Mercury, Yenus, the Earth, Mars, Ceres, Pallas, Juno, Vesta,

Saturn and Uranus, or

Jupiter,

Herschel

they

;

revolve at

unequal distances, in the order named, from West to East.

To

this first order of planets, is attached a

termed

satellites,

secondary system,

which moves around the primary or larger

planets, in a corresponding

manner

to that in

which the

latter

pass around the Sun.

The Moon,

the satellite of our earth, moves around

twenty-eight days, forming the lunar month. satellites

;

Saturn seven, and Herschel

The motion of the primary planets

it

in

Jupiter has four

six.

is

regulated by a universal

law, which dictates that the squares of the periodical times of the planets are, to each other as the cubes of their

from

the Sun

;

mean

distances

a corresponding relation exists between the

primary planets and their

satellites.

The

latter are

dark bodies, having no power in themselves to give it as it is received from the Sun.

opaque or light,

but

reflecting

The phases or appearances of the Moon, in her revolution around the Sun, are among the most beautiful and astonishing in the celestial revolution, although the frequency and regularity of their recurrence

has in some measure caused them to be neglected

or unobserved.

The Moon being a dark and round body, appearance, her light is

is

luminous only in

borrowed from the Sun and

reflected

on

the Earth.

"When

in her revolution, she is placed

between the Earth and


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. the Sun, or in conjunction, she side

is

new

said to be

39 ;

her enlightened

towards the Sun, and our planet does not experience the

is

In a short period, she appears like a

influence of her beams.

hollow half

which gradually

circle,

fills

up

until the

becomes illuminated towards the end of her her second quarter, she meridian,

From

it is

then

is

whole of

it

In

quarter.

exactly opposite to the Sun, or at her

Moon.

full

this period, as she revolves, she

from the Earth,

first

becomes more shaded

until returning again to her original condition

between the Earth and the Sun, or in conjunction, her light

is

again hidden from us.

Comets, like the planets, are supposed, so far as

knowledge of them,

to

we have any

be solid dark bodies, which move around

the Sun in an elliptical orbit, and not unfrequently cross the orbits of the planets.

Newton conjectured from

the serpentine direction pursued by

them, that in disappearing, they passed far beyond the orbits of Jupiter,

and that

descending the points of their orbits nearest

in

the Sun, frequently passed within the orbits of Mars and the inferior planets

;

he estimated the degree of heat in the Comet

which appeared in 1680, when in

its closest

approximation to the

Sun, to have been two thosand times hotter than red hot iron,

and that

this heat

must be retained until

it

again appears in

hundred and twenty-five years.

The shepherds among India,

and subsequently

the mountains of Asia

in Ethiopia

their employment, scarcely

the heavens, which

was

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;having

any objects

their only

five

"

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;particularly

in

from the nature of

to contemplate other than

canopy by night, divided the

starry firmament into various clusters or constellations, typical (as their

imaginations directed) of some object, animate or inani-

mate, which had a place on earth.

The heavens were first,

thus figuratively divided into three parts

the Zodiac, (from

zo-o?i,

an animal,) a large circle embracing

the orbits of the planets and our satellite the the

ecliptic,

dividing

it

Moon

of which are placed twenty-one constellations fifteen.

;

in its centre

into North and South, in the northern side ;

on the southern,


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

40

The observations

of Astrologers are limited to twelve of these

constellations, six being

on either side of the

HE NORTHE RN CLUSTER ARE Aries,

.

.

Taurus,

.

Gemini,

.

.

Cancer,

Leo,

.

.

,

Virgo,

.

.

.

The twelve

signs,

months of the year

;

THE SOUTHERN CLUSTER ARE

:

The Ram. The Bull. The Twins. The Crab. The Lion. The Virgin,

ecliptic.

The Scorpio, The Sagittarius, The Capricornus The Aquarius, The Pisces, The Libra,

.

Scorpion.

.

,

:

Balance.

Archer.

horned Goat, Water-bearer Fishes.

denoted above, correspond to the twelve

Astrology has invested them with the power

of directing some of the natural laws of the animal kingdom in

when the Sun enters the sign dams when he is seen in Taurus, the cows bring forth their young when in Gemini, (in former periods of time represented by two kids,) the goats produce each succeeding season

;

thus,

Aries, the lambs follow their

;

;

their offspring

;

the fourth sign, Cancer, designates a shell-fish

that crawls or goes sideways and backwards

northern

solstice,

;

it is

placed in the

or North of the ecliptic where the Sun retro-

grades from the North to the South, to show the period of our longest days, as day gradually decreases after he has left his furious

and

ferocious animal, signifies the extreme heat of a Tropical

Sun

greatest

when he

northern declination.

the lion, a

Leo,

enters this sign of the zodiac.

gin, designates the

Virgo, the maid or vir-

approach of harvest, or ripening of the grain,

which takes place when the Sun enters this sign it was in former times represented by a maid dressed as a female reaper ;

grasping an ear of grain.

Libra, the balance, and Scorpio, the

scorpion, are supposed

designate Autumn, prolific in fruits

and diseases unripe

;

fruits,

to

the former furnishing, in her profusion of ripe and

the causes of disease

;

the latter, represented by

one of the most venomous among animals, stretching out his destructive claws

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

^the

sign of impending mischief, and waving

his tail as if in gladness at its completion, denoting

the later

portion of Autumn, and the succeeding unhealthy period of the year.

Sagittarius, the archer, represents the fall of the leaf as


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. the period

when

41

the hunter (the archer in former times) issues

out in pursuit of his

game

;

this constellation

was formerly

signated by a huntsman with his arrows and club.

de-

Capricornus

or the horned goat, the token of the southern solstice,

when the

Sun has attained his extreme southern point, is beautifully adapted to show the ascension of the Sun to the north of the ecliptic, the well-known character of the animal being that of climbing of browsing as

with

its

rains

it

ascends the mountain's acclivities.

and general humidity,

represented by the south-

The former

ern constellation, Aquarius. .

is

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; or

Winter,

representation of this

was the figure of a man pouring out water from an urn Pisces, was originally shown by a figure of two captured fishes the moral of the sign is, " the severe connected by a string

sign

:

:

season has passed

though your

;

their store, the ocean

do not yield

yet,

to you, their inha-

The northern and

your power."

are placed within

bitants

as

flocks,

and rivers are open

southern signs are opposite to each other in their respective successions, (as Aries to gittarius, &c.,)

Libra

;

Taurus to Scorpio

;

Gemini

to Sa-

a circumstance of infinite importance, and which

should be perfectly

known

to the Astrologer in casting a celestial

theme of heaven, as the horoscope of a birth or other remarkable event.

We

by describing the significations of the zodiacal signs in the order in which they are placed. Aries, termed by the ancients the house of Mars, and exaltation shall close the present chapter

of the Sun, the

northern sign of the zodiac,

first

is

a dry, mascu-

line, fiery, eastern, choleric

and violent sign

born under

stature above the middle height, lean,

its influences,

;

it

betokens to those

yet strong physical conformation, long neck and features, eyes particularly brilliant

and piercing, black eyebrows, sandy or

rotty hair, sallow or bilious complexion will be violent, hasty

and

still

and intemperate

;

:

car-

the general disposition

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;great want

of ^r^ution,

greater of fear, are especially denoted by a nativity

when not counterbalanced by the aspects of the more favorable planets a favorable appearance of Mercury or of the Moon, to the latter planetSj will have a decided influence, under

this sign

:

for

good upon the

destinies

which they indicate

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;or

their w?j/a-


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

42

vorabk position will add materially to the evil influences of the

more malignant planetary indications. Aries governs the head and face its diseases are those of a febrile eruptive character, :

small-pox,

as

measles,

eruptions,

directly affecting the brain

Every sign among the

constellations, governs particular divi-

and morally.

sions of the globe, physically, politically

The

more

countries

more

ring-worms, or those

and nervous system.

especially under the

rule of Aries, are

Great Britain, Trance, Germany, Switzerland, Syria and Palestine, Naples, seilles,

Capua, Ancona, Yerona, Florence, Saragossa, Mar-

Burgundy, &c.

In horary questions (questions of the hour,) the constellation

and places not generally

Aries, denotes hiding places for thieves,

known The

or frequented. constellation Taurus, (the Bull,) or second house in the

heavens, a southern sign,

is

the house or constellation

planet Yenus, the goddess of Love

:

it is

of the

nocturnal, cold and

melancholy.

Persons born within the rule of this constellation,

if

no coun-

teracting planetary influences exist, are usually remarkably stout

and

athletic,

with broad forehead, thick

and short neck to anger It

:

lips, curly,

dark

hair,

they are dull and apathetic, not easily excited

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; but violent when once roused, cruel and malicious.

governs the neck and throat

:

its

diseases are melancholy, a

tendency to consumption, scrofula, croup, wens or eruptions of the neck. Its geographical

dominion embraces Ireland, part of Eussia,

Poland, Holland, Persia, Asia-Minor, Leipsic, Parma, Franconia, Bythinia, &c. It is generally considered unfortunate.

Gemini, (the Twins,) the third house of the heavens, moist,

is

a hot,

sanguine, masculine, diurnal, western sign or constella-

tion. Its

influences denote tall

plexion,

dark hazel

and erect

stature,

sanguine com-

eyes, quick and piercing, dark brown hair,

smart, active look, and constant motion

;

it

produces persons of

greater intellect and more powerful invention and genius than


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY. any other sign of the zodiac

government

its

:

43 over the arms

is

and shoulders.

The

diseases appertaining to this sign, are headaches, brain

fevers, bilious affections, fits of insanity, especially

by

planets.

evil

denotes,

It

also,

when

fractures, bruises

affected

and

falls

from lofty elevations. It is considered as a barren sign.

The southwest part of England, America, Flanders, Lombardy, Sardinia, Armenia, Lower Egypt, London, Yersailles, Cordova, and Nuremburg, are within the limit of Cancer, (the Crab,) larly fruitful, but cold

weak and mute

:

it is

;

its

geographical rule.

Summer

the sign of the

is

tropic, particu-

watery, nocturnal, northerly, moveable,

more

fruitful

than any other of the zodiacal

signs.

This constellation Jupiter

;

produces

it

the house of the

is

fair

Moon and

exaltation of

and pale complexion, round

features,

grey or mild blue eyes, weak voice, the superior portion of the

body

large, slender arms,

and an effeminate constitution.

The breast and whole region under

of the stomach, are particularly

its influence.

The

diseases under the

power of Cancer, are asthmas,

short-

pleurisy, cough, consumption, loss of appetite,

ness of breath,

cancer, dropsy, &c.

If evil stars are angular to

it,

there

is

great fear of insanity.

It governs, Scotland, Holland, Zealand, giers, Tunis, Tripoli, Constantinople,

Genoa,

New

Burgundy, Africa, Al-

Amsterdam, Cadiz, Yenice,

York, &c.

This constellation was termed by the ancients, unfortunate, but the leading configurations in the horoscope must determine the

character of the nativity under

The

its influence.

constellation Leo, (the Lion,)

is

a northern diurnal and

violent sign, of long ascension, strong, eastern and masculine it is

influences, full

:

the house of the Sun, and gives to those born under its

large body, broad shoulders,

and large

eyes,

;

hair,

strong and

ruddy countenance, high, resolute, unyet the latter, under peculiar circumstances, is

unmusical voice, oval,

bending temper

austere countenance,

dark yellow or reddish


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGT.

44

often courteous, liberal, and free is

:

the latter portion of the sign

said to produce a "weaker body, with fairer hair.

governs the heart and back

It

region of the back and

its

diseases are pains in the

ribs, fainting, fevers, convulsions,

pox, measles, jaundice, and inflammations generally.

It is

small-

wholly

barren.

The geographical Bohemia, France,

locations subjected to its rule, are

Sicily,

Rome,

.

:

Italy,

Bristol, Bath, Taunton, the

west

of England, Eavenna, Philadelphia, &c.

Leo

generally esteemed to be a fortunate sign.

is

The Virgin,

(or Yirgo,) the sixth house of the heavens, compris-

ing one half of the zodiac,

is

manding character. Those whose nativities are

Mercury it is a humane sign of com-

the residence of

barren, cold, dry, nocturnal, melancholy,

:

cast under the rule of this constel-

lation are of middle stature, rarely handsome, slender, but compact, of

dark ruddy complexion, dark brown or black

yet falsetto voice, very ingenious, thrifty Its

human

rule

phragm, or midriff

hair, small,

and economical.

over the abdomen, bowels, spleen and dia-

is

its diseases,

:

those which have their origin,

are, melancholy, dysentery, iliac passion,

and

all

derangements of

the intestinal canal. Its geographical government extends over Turkey, in Europe and Asia, Greece, Mesopotamia, Jerusalem, Croatia, Toulouse,

Paris, Lyons, Padua,

This constellation

powerful aspects

<fec.

is

usually considered unfortunate unless other

exist.

Libra, (the Balance,) a hot, sanguine, moist, airy, equinoctial,

moving and obeying Europe,

is

sign, of

long ascension in the climates of

in the seventh house of the heavens, the abode of

Venus, and exaltation of Saturn. Individuals born under this sign, are generally tall and well-

proportioned, elegant in person, a round face, ruddy in youth

but far from beautiful when advanced in years

:

the eyes are usu-

and the hair, in its color, auburn the disposition of the Moon and Mercury have benign aspects, good not otherally blue,

:

wise

:

if

the two

latter planets are in square aspects to Jupiter,


THE MYSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY.

45

Saturn, or Mars, the influence of Libra will not be sufficient to

preserve the character of the native, whether male or female

:

he

or she will, in such a planetary position, be dishonest, untrue, and

removed from virtue in every respect. It is presumed to be a fruitful sign, governs the kidneys and

far

the loins, and all that region of the body external and internal.

Weakness,

debility, syphilis

and

tabes, or

worms, are

its

promi-

nent diseases. It governs in Austria, Alsace, Portugal, India, Ethiopia, Lis-

bon, Yienna, Frankfort, Antwerp, Charleston, &c.

The

ancients held

it

to be a fortunate sign.

Scorpio, (the Scorpion,) one of the most evil and unfortunate of

the signs in the zodiac,

abode of Mars

:

fixed, fruitful sign, of

in the eighth house of the heavens, the

long ascension.

Those whose births

it

lent in person, having stature,

is

a cold, moist, watery, feminine, nocturnal,

it is

influences, are strong, robust,

dark curly

hair,

and dark

and corpumiddle

eyes,

dingy complexion, coarse, and active in movement

are generally reserved in their aspect

;

think,

;

they

and hesitate before

they give utterance.

This sign governs the procreative organs.

and secret

Its diseases are lues, syphilis, all virulent fistulas, ruptures,

when

afilicted

diseases,

obstructions of the urethra and intestinal canal

by the

evil aspects

of other planets,

it

denotes

great danger from poison or excessive intoxication. Deceits, fraud

and hypocrisy, are

its

peculiar and general char-

acteristics.

It rules, geographically,

Judea, Mauritania, Norway, Upper

Bavaria, Barbary, Morocco, Frankfort on the Oder, &c.

The

ancients accounted Scorpio, as they well might, unfortunate.

Sagittarius, (the Archer,) in the ninth house of the heavens, the

joy and abode of Jupiter,

is

a

fiery, dry,

masculine, diurnal,

changeable, southern sign.

Those ushered into existence beneath well-formed,

tall,

the

favorable aspect, are

or above the middle stature, ruddy complexion,

jovial countenance, chestnut-colored hair

among

its

number of those termed

:

they are usually found

jolly fellows, active, fearless,


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

46

generous, and obliging

the sign signifies fruitfulness

:

:

rules

it

the thighs and sacrum.

The

diseases

fevers, falls

The

common

to Sagittarius, are

and a tendency

rheumatism,

gout,

:

to fractures of the bones.

constellation reigns over Arabia-Felix, Spain,

Hungary,

Moravia, Cologne, Avignon, Buda, &c. Sagittarius

a fortunate sign.

is

Capricornus, (the horned Goat,)

is

in the tenth house of the

heavens, the abode of Saturn and exaltation of Mars,

is

a cold,

earthy, sterile, nocturnal, obeying, moveable, changeable, southern

sign

legitimate possessor

its

:

malignant of there

all

the planets

is

said to be the most evil

:

and

most destructive

in nativities the

:

no planetary aspect, however powerful, which can avert

is

his influence.

Those called

into being under the influence of Capricornus, are

usually of dry, fibrous make, slender, long visaged, having their

beards of dark hair, long neck, narrow chin and breast,

knees

:

weak

the disposition will be crafty, subtle and saving, afflicted

with melancholy, and subject to frightful dreams. Capricornus governs the hands and knees

broken

sprains, dislocations,

skin, chills, disorders of the chest

The geographical

diseases

its

:

and lungs, &c.

divisions of the earth under the

this constellation, are

:

are,

limbs, hysterics, eruptions of the

power of

India, Macedonia, Greece, Mexico, Sax-

ony, Mechlinburgh, Brandenburgh, and Oxford.

The

ancients classed Capricornus

Aquarius, (the Water-bearer,

among the

the

unfortunate signs.

dwelling of

and

Saturn,

in the eleventh house of the heavens, is a sanguine, aerial, hot, moist, masculine, diurnal, western, obeying,

Inclined to be fruitful,

it

healthy, middle sized person

not pale

;

the hair, sandy or

humane

sign.

produces a robust, sturdy, strong, ;

the complexion delicate, clear, but

dark flaxen

;

the eyes, hazel

the

;

disposition, generally honest. Its

government

in

man

is

over the legs and ancles

:

its diseases,

are lameness, fractures of the limbs, gout, rheumatism, &c.

:

it

bears geographical sway over Arabia Petrea, Tartary, Russia,

Denmark, Lower Sweden, Westphalia, Hamburgh and Bremen.


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. Aquarius

is

deemed

fortunate sign.

o.

Pisces, (the Fishes,) the twelfth

zodiac in the houses of heaven, exaltation of Yenus. cold, watery,

sign

it

:

and

is

the signs of the

the abode of Jupiter and the

effeminate,

produces, in humanity,

among

last

It rules the feet

nocturnal,

stooping, thick

47

a

and

and

toes

sickly,

a moist,

is

southern, obeying

short, pale, fleshy person

and broad shouldered, with brown hair

set,

:

;

its

diseases are those of the feet, with cold, moist distempers.

We

— but

and luxuriant sign

It is a fruitful

have now described the twelve

is

deemed

unfortunate.

celestial constellations, in

one or other of which the primary planets in their revolutions, are constantly placed,

and proceed

to give a short description of

planetary influences. If,

as already stated, Saturn is malignant, in 'his aspects to-

wards the fortunes of men, Herschel or Uranus

when brought

unfortunate, and

is

peculiarly

into opposition or action with

other planets in casting a nativity,

is

equally

evil as

unfortunate

;

the combined malignant influences of Saturn and Mercury are scarcely equal to those of this distant planet.

Byron's description of Manfred, in the poem bearing the same

name, seems to furnish a

fine illustration of the peculiar influ-

ences of Herschel at the hour of nativity

:

This should have been a noble creature, he

Hath

A

all the

energy which would have made

goodly frame of glorious elements

Had

they been wisely mingled

It is

an awful chaos

And mind

to

;

as

it is,

— and darkness dust — and passions and pure light

Mixed and contending without end or

thoughts

order,

All dormant or destructive.

The

virtues

and vices which appertain

this constellation, are equally forcible

unaccountable,

eccentric,

to the influences of

and prominent

original, romantic

:

strange^

and unsettled, the

and mental elements indicated by Herschel, can neither be personified nor imitated by those not possessing them like the Sun in his orbit, they are alone and

possessors of the physical

:

unapproachable.


\

THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

48 Jupiter schel

equally powerful in the production of good, as Her-

is

and Saturn are

in the creations of evil

:

the uncontrolled

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;freedom, confidence, generosity,

elements of his nature, are

be-

nevolence, charity, universal good-will, dignity of character, and

nobleness of disposition

more malign planets like the land of

:

he

:

is

to be

the reverse in everything of the

born under

his direct influence is

Goshen amid the plagues of Egypt, being

pre-

served from the general contaminations of mankind, their crimes

and

sufferings.

His natives form the most useful and happy members of the family, at once loving, and almost universally beloved.

human The

anger indicated by the appearance of Mars

fiery

cative of his

human

influences

at the hour of their nativities,

in quarrels

cruel

:"

those indebted to him for ruling

:

have an unrestrainable desire

and mischief of every description rude and savage

ing, vicious,

is signifi-

:

;

to

be

they are unyield-

" the bitterness of their

they demand universal homage and submission

wrath ;

is

thieves,

highwaymen and murderers, belong to this planet. The moral and physical influences of the Sun over nativities, when not counteracted by the evil aspects of surrounding planets, denote a disposition of the highest order, noble and magnani-

mous, proud and exalted, but humane

a true friend and a most

;

generous enemy, scorning to use accidental advantages over a usually having few words, but dress, ornaments,

costly jewels If the

within

pompous and gorgeous, fond of all kinds, and especially of

and decorations of

and splendid

Sun be

foe,

ill

its influence,

attire.

aspected,

it

betokens that the native born

will be arrogant

yet a sycophant, with

all

and submissive, a despot,

the evil qualifications which belong to

this condition of character.

This planet

is

most materially altered in natural indications,

by the zodiacal position which he occupies vity

;

thus, in the

immeasurably

and

at the periods of nati-

signs. Cancer, Scorpio,

less fortunate than

when

and

Pisces, he is

in the signs Aries, Leo,

Sagittarius, or even in Libra or Gemini.

The Sun ries,

watery

is

said

by the ancients

to rule the heart, back, arte-

the right eye of a man, and the left eye of a

woman.

His


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

49^

diseases are, faintings, palpitations, deranged brain, disorders of

the

mouth and

throat, &c.

Yenus, the nest in order to the Sun,

is

the only planet to which

the ancient poets have done honor, in personifying her as the friend and patron of the softer passions larly, that of

;

among them,

particu-

Love.

Antiquity places her among the most auspicious stars, and

modern Astrology has confirmed the position

those

:

who

justice of this pre-eminent

are fortunately born with this planet in the

superior angles, are, as they ever have been, noted for eminence in the polite annals or scientific arts of the times.

George lY. of England, the most polished man of his age or nation, was born as the planet Yenus arose in the horizon or eastern

angle,

and prime

named by some

" astrologers, the " house of life

signification of manners.

If this planet, at the period of nativity, be well dignified or well

aspected (the terms are indeed synonymous,) the temper will be quiet and placid, engaging, sweet, merry and cheerful

ners and motions, will be unusually graceful

:

;

the man-

the natives will be

amateurs in music, drawing and the accomplishments generally but

if

the aspect of

Yenus be

evil,

government, will be the reverse of profligate

and lascivious

she

:

is

those born under her direct all

that

is

virtuous,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;lewd,

said to rule the reins,

spine,

generative system, neck, throat and breasts.

Her

diseases are those of the back, loins,

tions of the body, as also those arising

ment of moral principle

:

she

is

and aforesaid por-

from luxury and abandon-

friendly

by sympathy

to every

planet, except Saturn.

Mercury, the smallest of

all

quickest in his celestial orbs sun-rise in the morning,

evening

and

;

the primary planets, revolves the

he can be discerned only before

for a short period after sun-set in the

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;being so near the Sun as to be generally eclipsed by his

superior splendor

:

the ancients term him the " swift messenger

of the gods," from the rapidity of his ascension towards the Sun.

This planet, the most minute among larly placed

by the

its fellows,

has been singu-

ancients, as if to prove the truth of Astrology,

so as to hold a conspicuous station in the judicial portion of the 4


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

50 science

he

:

faculties

:

is

if

said

by them

imagination or

whim had formed

logy, this planet, almost invisible,

visible planet

the basis of Astro-

would never have been stationed

some more majestic would doubtless have been assigned the hon-

as the chief ruler over the mental powers

and

and reasoning

to rule the intellectual

:

orable position.

George Biddu, the astonishing mental ity is

whose

calculator,

nativ-

recorded in the "Astrologer of the nineteenth century," was

born under the auspicious influence of Mercury

he has the sign

:

Gemini, (the house of Mercury,) for his horoscope with Mercury therein parallel with the

Moon

in the zodiac,

theory of the ancients to be correct

which proves the

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but when this planet

aspected, his legitimate objects are perverted,

is evil

and an individual

devoid of principle, an originator of falsehoods and of

theft, is

the natural effect of the malign planetary positions.

Mercury feet

:

is

said to preside over the brain, tongue, hands

and

his distempers are madness, apoplexy, vertigo or dizziness,

stammering, coughs and gout, or rheumatism planet are Mars, and the Sun and

Moon

the enemies of this

:

his friends, Jupiter,

:

Venus, and Saturn.

The Moon attached

to our

Earth as a

satellite

by

planet, the principal source of her evening light,

the rays transmitted to her by the Sun,

and phlegmatic planet

;

good or

reflection of

a cold, watery, moist,

exceedingly variable in

science in her influences on in aspect with

is

or inferior

men and mundane

astrological

affairs

as she is

evil stars.

In her unfettered condition in a nativity, she

is

the herald of

constant success and continued good fortune through life she produces full stature, pale and fair complexion, round face, grey :

eyes, short arms, thick

hands and

feet,

with corpulent and phleg-

matic physical system.

When

afflicted

by

evil solar influence, the result will

ness of sight, blemishes in the eye is

exceedingly fortunate, and

is

:

be weak-

conjoined with Jupiter, she

said to govern the brain, stomach,

bowels, &c.

Her

diseases

are,

rheumatism, consumption,

palsy,

apoplexy, vertigo, lunacy, scrofula, small-pox and dropsy.

cholic


THE MTSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY.

Her enemies

are said to be Saturn and Yenus

51 her friends, the

;

Sun, Jupiter, and Mercury.

The natural and

astrological connection existing between the

heaven or the signs of the zodiac, and the

planets, the houses of

astrological effects of the varied celestial houses, is so intimate,

that

we

we

shall extend our

remarks in

this chapter further

than

originally purposed, to display, at one view, the whole of the

elements which form this combination, and the limited effect '

arising therefrom.

The and

first

house, or that of Life, the points of the eastern angle

horizon, touches a line, or imaginary line, level with the

when the Sun

horizon

The

stars

powerful

first rises

at

dawn

and planets placed within

effect

on the future

whose horoscope

life

of day. this house, exert a

it constitutes.

Saturn or Mars, within this house, never 'ness

most

and destiny of the individual

and accidents.

Jupiter and

Yenus

denote sick-

fails to

in a similar position,

insure freedom, good fortune and lasting success

:

it is

of the

masculine gender, and rules the head and face as the sign Aries.

The second house This

Riches.

in

order from the ascendants,

signifies the

is

the house of

pecuniary fortunes whether in houses,

lands, or gold, the gain or loss in business

;

poverty, misfortune,

and everything which bears any relation to silver or gold, or the " world's wide wealth" of him for whom the figure or horoscope is cast.

The letters,

The

third house

is

that

of.

family connections and friends

;

of

messages and rumors. early astrologers from this house formed their judgment

respecting the family relatives of the person for

whom

the horo-

scope was desired, born under any particular sign, with the fate

whether good or

When

evil,

appertaining to them.

evil or unfortunate stars are in their revolutions located

in this part of the zodiac, evil effects will necessarily follow thus,

when Saturn

brethren.

is

there, hatred is found

to

exist

among

Herschel being in a similar celestial position, never

allows the native to repose long in the same place, or to meet

with an appropriate and mutual affection from his kindred

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

52

Mars

an

situated with

demoniacal genius of

aspect in the third house,

evil

all

that

is

the

is

evil in the relations to that

house.

The lower angle of heaven whose line the Sun touches at midmore feeble in influence than any other angle throughout

night, is

the celestial circle, and

is

termed the fourth house

:

this

house

exerts a special influence upon all questions which aifect the pri-

vate enemies of children.

The

It is represented

by the sign Cancer.

house bears an extended rule over various events:

^/ifA

the astrological judgment in relation to the children of the inquirer or native,

is

deduced from

house which more immediately

this constellation, it is also the

affects the destinies of

and the real and personal property of fathers which gaming, from

:

women,

all questions in

theatres, banquets, &c. are involved, are

answered

this house.

It points out the death of

monarchs, the journeys of religious

persons, &c.

The

a masculine house and rules the stomach, liver,

fifth is

heart, sides

The

and back.

sixth house is of evil aspect

:

it

portends sickness and

secret enemies. It is a feminine house, similar to Yirgo.

The seventh house being the point of the horizon where the Sun sets, is indicative of important events in Astrology being paramount over wedlock and conjugal happiness. If the evil planets Saturn or Mars, should occupy this house, the legitimate

dwelling of Jupiter, and

is

not counteracted by the mild beams

of Venus, the native will assuredly be unfortunate in

and

in continual turmoil

wedded

life,

and trouble.

It is the oracle of love, duels, war, the describer of thieves,

their persons

and occupations.

It is a masculine constellation, similar to Libra.

The

eighth house

is

important in

its

astrological significations

:

the answer to inquiries in relation to wills, legacies, adversaries, friends,

and success

in life, are

answered from

this

house

:

if

Jupiter or Yenus are in this constellation, the native cannot die

a violent death.


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

63

It is a feminine house, similar to Scorpio.

Questions in religion, science, learning, books, and travels, are

answered from the

and

pastors, to

7iinth

house

dreams and

:

it

belongs especially to the church

visions.

It is a masculine house, like Sagittarius.

The

tenth house being the point of the heavens

where the Sun

reaches his meridian, denotes honor, credit, authority, preferment

and

trade.

Yenus or the Sun,

Jupiter,

eminence in situation,

life

;

in this house, designates

great

while gloomy and malignant Saturn in a like

when not opposed by more benevolent

stars,

augurs

disgrace and ruin.

The Duke op Wellington was born under ence of Jupiter in the tenth house

and

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;while

the benign influ-

the conqueror at Jena

Austerlitz, the subsequent exile at St. Helena,

was born under the

evil influence#of Saturn, in the

Napoleon, same house

;

splendid illustrations of the accuracy of astrological predictions It is a feminine house, similar to Capricornas.

There

is

a remarkable unanimity of opinion between ancient

and modern astrologers in relation

to the important astrological

influences of the eleventh house.

From

this

house

all

questions are

answered in relation to

friends, wishes, hopes, flatterers, favorites,

and

desires.

If this constellation in horary Astrology, be infested with planets, the

evil,

inquirer will experience severe disappointment in

reference to the object of his inquiries. It is a masculine house, like Aquarius.

The

last

house within the range of our description,

is

the

twelfth.

This constellation

is

especially the house of private enemies,

anxiety, suffering, imprisonment,

and

all

the miseries to which

" flesh is heir to."

In horary Astrology,

it

self-murder, assassination

denotes sorrow, unceasing persecution,

and envy.

It is like Pisces, a feminine house.

We

have now described

sufficiently for the

general reader in

the elementary principles of the science, the signs of the zodiac.


THE MYSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY.

54

the primary planets and the houses of heaven, with their separate

and combined influences over the

affairs

and fortunes of

men.

The mancy

following chapter will embrace the science of Chiro;

or,

the predicting of present and future events by the

varied lines in the hands.


ei^l^0f t^eii.


djirjjiiuittji, THE ART OF FORETELLINa EVENTS BY THE HANDS.

The term Chiromancy

(from " Cliir," the hand, and mancia, a

which

prediction) is that portion of astrological science

foretells

events and circumstances by certain lines or marks in the hand.

The hands are divided parts

into

astrologically,

—the palm, the hollow, and the fingers

again subdivided by peculiar

:

marks and prominences, which

lines,

are under the influence of the seven planets

Mars, Sol, Yenus, Mercury, Luna, zodiac

—Aries,

three principal

these divisions are

— and

— Saturn,

Jupiter,

the twelve signs of the

Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, ScorCapricornus, Aquarius and Pisces, as shown in

pio, Sagittarius,

the accompanying diagram.

At

the roots of each finger are placed certain prominences

termed mounts and tuberculums.

The

first

mount

little finger, is

in the above diagram, placed at the root of the

termed the mount of Mercury, and

is

supposed to

be under the direct influence of that planet.

Mercury governs in a peculiar degree, the rational and lectual faculties

;

he

discovery, skill in art

is

intel-

the source of wit, ingenuity, invention,

and

science,

and

all

important branches in

human knowledge. If the

mount be of regular height and proportions,

constancy and perseverance in possessor

is

all

it signifies

important transactions

not given to sentimental love

:

:

its

with much levity of


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

manner and conduct he

is

a strict observer of chastity and a

lover of the sciences. If half the

mount

only, be filled with straight lines of unequal

length and dissimilar character, the individual will be docile in


CHIROMANCY. nature, fortunate in all superstitions

;

life, faithful,

59

not given to lying, a hater of

a believer in none, deficient in application in

things.

â&#x20AC;˘all

Should the little finger,

lines

which have their origin at the root of the

be crooked upon the mount of Mercury, the party

possess the disposition to rob and cheat his neighbor.

"will

When

the lines proceed from the outer portion of the hand,

and extend to the mount of Sol or the Sun line, they denote an individual prone to falsehood, a mere pretender to knowledge :

if

the lines are tortuous or serpentine in their direction,

it

beto-

kens deception of character, a desire to commit some felonious act

;

an adept in

hand

If the

is

all the tricks

carefully

of knavery.

examined there will be

some

seen, in

cases in particular divisions, the initial letters of the twelve signs

of the zodiac

;

these are termed sacred letters, and are the signs

of good or evil influences wherever they exist letter of Aries, the

Mercury,

signifies that

thus

A

(the first

the mount of

wealth will be obtained by learning

(the initial of Cancer, the Crab)

the letter

;

Eam) impressed by nature on

:

if

be in a like posi-

denotes a knowledge of Chemistry or Alchemy.

tion, it

The next mount described in the above diagram, is that Sun (represented by O,) at the base of the ring figure.

of the

If there are lines passing from the superior part of this

mount

that

to

of the Table-line, not intersected by any cross-lines,

they denote wit, great talkativeness, the

loquacity eventually

leading to the acquisition of wealth, and connections with nobles

and other individuals of high rank. Should the lines adverted to be crooked, and intersected by

them in a contrary direction, penury, poverty and beggary ^ill be the lot of their possessor. others crossing

The

sign of a cross

on

this

mount betokens idolatry

to riches

;

the disposition of a miser.

When a

single line

proceeds from the Table-line

the joints of the ring finger

it

possessor of this mark, in the line ends

the

first

:

the ring finger

is,

portends riches, which

month or months

in

towards

fall to

the

which such

in Chiromancy, the sign of

or lower joint, represents Virgo, the Yirgin

;

Summer the

:

first


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

60

sign into whicli the Sun enters in August

ends in the

be obtained

Leo

if in

;

if

the fortunate line

second joint, in July, for the

the

if in

;

;

August that the inheritance will

first joint, it is in

sign

the top joint, in June, for Cancer, the Crab,

is

is

upon

that joint.

The is

among

at the base of the middle finger,

the planets.

When it

mount of the hand

third

dedicated to Saturn, the most powerful, evil and malignant,

mount

this

plump, and without any indentations,

is full,

denotes an open, simple disposition, having no craft or guile,

industry in the domestic affairs of

life

so far as mental

and bodily

capacity will permit. If there be a line proceeding from the lower joint of the mid-

dle finger across this mount, intersected

by two smaller

lines,

thus forming a double cross, prisons, captivity, and' slavery in chains, are denoted

by

it

;

if

the cross

is single,

the reverse

is

signified.

If a line

issues

from the Table-line, crossing the mount of

Saturn and dividing

two sections, its possessor in pursuing riches will fly after a phantom which will ever elude his grasp he will always be necessitated and in actual want. it

into

;

If in a first to

wedded

female, five, six, or eight lines ascend from the

the second joint of the middle finger,

it foretells

the num-

ber of boys which she shall have in a succession unbroken by a daughter, but they will be poor and unfortunate.

A

star

on the

first

joint of the middle finger, denotes

assassination shall occur to

We

its

possessor. evil, and we who have numerous

have said that the influences of Saturn were

give some illustrations, of the fact lines

that

upon

mount are

his

false

those

subject to all Itinds o^nisfortune as

an inheritance from nature through

:

;

as penury, imprisonment for debt,

swearing against them, and every circumvention

that malice can devise.

When

three lines ascend from the second to the third joints,

two of them crossing each other kens infamy to tions of

life.

woman

or

man

in their ascent, the sign beto-

in the domestic

and

social rela-


CHIROMANCY.

The index

or fore-finger,

is

61

dedicated to Jupiter, and directly

under his influence.

More powerful than any other he

of the planets, except Saturn,

the reverse of that planet in his influences on

is

may be

aspects

man

to his

;

attributed riches, honors and success, in the vari-

ous pursuits of

life

:

his nature is freedom, generosity,

and

all

the nobler attributes of being.

Should there be a cross on the mount of Jupiter at the root of the fore-finger,

it

portends honors, dignities, fortune by mar-

riage, &c.

be necessary to mark the distinction between one and

It will

two

crosses, the prognostics in the

two cases being the reverse

of each other.

One

star

on the mount of Jupiter

and their adjuncts, while two

signifies infamy,

stars

degradation

similarly situated,

signify

and honors.

dignities

Should a line pass

from the

and directly across

Jupiter,

it,

Table-line to

it

the

mount of

portends a violent and sud-

den death. If a female

have two or more

lines

between the second and

third joints of the index or fore-finger,

and

tjiese lines

be of a

red color, they denote ingenuity, and a character more than usually jovial, but she will run some risk of dying during childbirth.

A

on the second joint of the fore-finger at the age of denotes that she will become rich and

star

thirty-five in a*female,

possess dignities If any

and honors.

mark resembling

the astronomical symbol of Jupiter,

be observed between the two

first joints

of the index finger,

it

presages great wealth by inheritance, combined with contentment

and joy

in its possessor.

Jupiter has astrologically but one enemy, and that

The mount

of

Yenus

is.

Mars.

as seen in the preceding diagram,

is

on

the lower, fleshy portion of the thumb, in the inner portion of the hand.

This mount love

;

it is

is

under the special guidance of the queen of

the index of all the softer passions

:

its influences

are


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGT.

62 benevolent

;

it

a love of poetry, song and music, and

signifies

particularly courteous and refined manners.

George IV. of England, universally acknowledged to have been the most polished gentleman of his time, was born as the planet Venus, (of which this

mount

is

the significant sign,) arose

in the eastern angle of the horizon or house of Life.

passing from the lower part of the

If there be three lines

thumb upward, in the direction of the index finger, they denote good fortune to the possessor, with a careless, contented and' .happy disposition, great affability, strong passions, gracefulness of deportment, towering imagination, and all the lovelier qualities of nature.

Any on

one,

male or female, with the Sacred

letter D, impressed

mount, will be an expositor of dreams —^have

this

knowledge of mysteries hidden to

others,

an intuitive

be true and

faithful,

yet vain, fond of gallantries and luxurious. Gr,

visible

fair sex,

on the mount of Venus,

signifies

great love for the

sometimes too violent to admit of restraint, passing into

licentiousness unrestrained

The mount of

and unrestrainable.

the Moon, seen in the diagram opposite to that

of Venus, particularly, if stamped with a clear and well-formed in different periods of

cross, points out three conditions

each other

directly the opposite to

and poverty

distress

—the

second,

;

the

first,

life,

that of great

abounding in riches

;

and

the third, reverting to the original position, that of need and suffering.

With in life

:

B

the letter

with A,

:

this

mount, the person will be fortunate

afflicted

with sickness and distress

man

with E, deficient in stability

a thorough business a great traveler

on

with

:

Gr,

noble,

and a great favorite of the female

We ral

shall conclude the chapter

with D,

:

:

with F,

generous, and magnanimous, -

sex-.

on Chiromancy, by some gene-

remarks on the bolder astrological lines in the hands, and

their significations.

They enter largely

into the calculations of Nativities, point

the months and days of birth, the duration of existence, and the qualities

—moral and intellectual— of humanity.


CHIROMANCY.

63

If the Natural Line Supreme, terminate near the

mount of

the Moon, and be intersected by another, forming a cross,

it de-

notes the birth of the individual to have taken place on the 10th of June

June

if

;

intersected

by two

on Monday the/ 20th of

lines,

terminating on the plain of Mars, the nativity has been

;

March or October on a Tuesday towards the mount of Mertowards Jupiter, Nocury, in May or August, on Wednesday

in

:

:

vember or February, on a Thursday towards Yenus, April or towards Saturn, December or JanuSeptember, on a Friday towards Sol, in the month of July, on Sunday. ary, on Saturday :

:

:

The reader will understand that in calculating the nativities by the above named

line,

necessary, in all cases, that

is

it

should be intersected by one or more

it

forming a cross or

lines,

crosses.

If the Line of Life be of large size, little

sickness

-

ness and infirmity

lines,

denotes a long

when branching towards

:

and sickness and poverty

honors,

it

short, without color, a corresponding

;

riches

dignities

:

if

Liver, with which lines

:

it

many

smaller

If the astrological symbol

in old age.

if in its

and

sick-

the line of the Liver,

diverging into

of the Sun be impressed on the line of Life, of one or both eyes

life,

life,

it signifies

blindness

passage towards the line of the

forms an angle,

it

be intersected by other

forming crosses, dangers, misfortunes, pestilence and death,

may be expected

if

:

about midway

it

divides,

one division

as-

cending in the direction of the mount of Sol, honors by marriage, favoritism

among

females,

betokened

is

;

but should this line be

forked and bend towards the mount of Venus, wantonness, fornication, adultery,

and every species of

The Table Line equally with magnanimity, long

life

:

if

:

necessary to the

star, exile, imprison-

with a division branching on the

its

The Line

and

dignities

terminations, misfortunes, anxiety, and miseries

ending near the mount of Jupiter,

it

indicated.

Jupiter, ecclesiastical preferments, honors

hairy at

ing

is

is

clear, it signifies liberality

impressed with a

ment, shame and cowardice

mount of

that of Life,

Large and

perfection of nativities.

bestiality

of the Liver

is

vanitj^

and lying.

not always perceptible

;

when

exist-

commences, as described in the diagram, at the root of the


THE MTiTERIES OF ASTBOLOGT.

04 Line of

Life, paHsing to the

Natural Line, and forming,

-vrith tliat

and the Line of Life, the angle, termed the plain of Mars. If this line be strait in its direction, its possessor will enjoy wealth and prosperity if crooked, it is significative of short life, chequered by disease if branching in two directions at its :

:

terminating points, ities,

its

frequent

it

betokens disease of the

fiaintings,

liyer, gen'eral debil-

and violent palpitations of the heart

:

if

angles turn tow?lTd the Line of Life, covetousness, deficiency

of intellect, niggardliness of disposition, are indicated a cross

is

are not

seen at one of

ÂŁa,r

its

:

but

when

extremes, thefts, robberies and deaths

distant.

The Table

Line, or Line of the Head, nnder the peculiar nerv-

ous influence of the brain, arises from the outer portion of the

hand near the root of the little finger, and extends under the fore or index finger, where it terminates. If this line makes one side of a triangle, the other two being the lines of the heart and liver, the union signifies riches, happiness, great ingenuity, and a quiet and peaceful old age; but should the angle be very obtuse, ill-nature, slow recovery from disease, .

Line

and general weakness of the

is short, its

lying,

"Where the Table

.system.

doomed

possessor will be the

to folly, beggary,

and premature death.

If the angle be indented with stars toward the jjlain of Mars, it

indicates boldness, courage, rashness, promptitude.

A

few remarks on the Plain of Mars and the Mount of the

Moon

(the former being in the angle

Liver, Life, and the Natural Line

formed by the lines of the

Supreme

;

the latter externally

to the Line of the Liver,) will convey to the general reader all

that

is

necessary to be said on the indications of the hand, in

Chiromancy.

Mars

is

a warlike planet, and

like character, modified

When

by

all his indications

lines, stars

are of a war-

and other appearances.

the lines within this pilain extend towards the external indicates the party cannot

portion of the hand,

it

tumult of war

live,

;

nor

re.st

but in the

but in alarms.

If crosses occur within the plain above described, the party will be disposed, if not irresistibly compelled, to fight in the cause


CHIROMANCY. of religion

:

lie

will

65

be a sort of champion for his creed, a knight-

errant for the honors of the church.

When

the plain

studded with

is

stars,

there will be poverty,

misfortune by war, danger of assassination, secret enemies and the like.

mount of

If the lines on the

the

Moon

are of a pale color or

inchning to black, the party will be particularly unfortunate in all

he undertakes

merce.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;whether

in journeys,

The reverse aspect of the

agreements, or com-

lines indicates

good fortune

in

all things.

mount be elevated with a considerable degree of

If the

person will experience those diseases

dity, the

rotun-

which the

in

nervous system, and particularly the brain, becomes partially or

wholly paralyzed

When

stars

;

as,

apoplexy, palsy, epilepsy.

appear upon the mount of the Moon, they signify

a designing, treacherous character, infamous and perfidious

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; one

not to be trusted in anything. If the limits of this volume permitted us,

we

miglit

draw

atten-

tion to innumerable other astrological significations of the hands

:

they are in fact mirrors, reflecting the afTcctions of the soul. If the end of the little finger (the finger of. Mercury) reach

higher than the last joint of the ring finger, the this disposition of the hand, will rule his house

stability

;

his wife will, in all tilings,

should the end

fall

man

possessing

with case and

be obedient to him

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;but

short of the joint of the ring finger, the party

who governs him, an imperious, commanding woman, one who is said in common parlance " to wear the breeches."

has a wife

If one little finger

and

tliG

other above

be below the third joint of the ring finger it,

(on the opposite hand,) the person so

formed will have two wives, the one a shrew

and courteous.

;

the oilier, obliging


lfaiiaiiiiiยง.


THE

ACCOHDING- TO HORARY ASTROLOGY, ETC,

The

may be

by Geomancy, Chiromancy, Physiognomy, and Metoposcopy, but the full secrets of destiny

programme

partially elucidated

of the leading incidents of a

cated by Astrology.

To

life

of the doctrine of Nativities and the processes cast, "would

by which they are

require more space than this volume contains.

nomenclature of the science of Astrology, tical astrologer

ordinary octavo calculation

can only be indi-

give a detailed and technical description

must be ;

vs^ith

familiar, could not

The

-which every prac-

be contained in an

and even a sketch of the various methods of

employed by the Arabians,

Egyptians,

Persians,

Greeks, Romans, and the great professors of Astral science vrho

have flourished during the itself,

would form,

in

Nor would such a work be

of

last three centuries,

a pond,^ous cyclopeedia.

interest to the general reader

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;for

it

requires a degree of profi-

ciency in occult learning only to be gained by long years of patient research, to enable the student to understand and apply

the principles of this most profound and complex system of divination.

Eurthermore,

it

may be

safely averred, that even after

the student shall have acquired all the knowledge of the doctrine of Nativities which his faculties can master, he will able after erecting his horoscope to give

it

still

be un-

a true interpretation,

unless he has been favored with that peculiar supernatural gift of


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

70

judgment and of prescience which seldom belongs to more than one family in a nation, and which as the seventh son of a seyenth son, in a family thus rarely

possesses in It will

endowed, the author of

book

this

its fullest intensity.

be obvious from the foregoing remarks, that in a popu-

lar work, such as this is intended to be, the puzzling technicalities

of abstruse science can subserve no useful purpose, and they are therefore omitted.

The

thing to be ascertained prior to the erection of a

first

map

horoscope or

hour of birth.

of life, are the hour of conception and the Perhaps the best means of arriving at these im-

is by the Method of Hermes. Having obtained the estimated time of birth, the astrologer erects his figure, and cal-

portant facts

culates the position of the

takes the distance of the

under the Earth, or from the western angles subtracting the

angles to the

signs

Moon

;

and degrees

first

He

Moon in relation thereto. Moon from the horoscope, if

if

then

she be

she be above

it

comprehended within the

adding twelve signs to that luminary,

for otherwise the subtraction cannot be

Then with

made.

the

distances of signs and degrees, the astrologer enters his table of

the child's house, previously constructed according to the rules of art,

and against the signs and degrees with which he enters will

appear the precise number of days between the conception and the birth.

Having reached

this

primary basis for his calcula-

tions,

he proceeds to inquire what planets ruled at the time of

birth,

and

to erect his twelve celestial houses, correspondent in

number with the signs of the zodiac, and having signification of the nature and fortune of the individual and his family in the following order.

We

have already cursorily alluded

sion of the subject, but shall .

The First House stature

and shape, the

now go more

to this divi-

into detail.

refers to the life of the

individual

;

his

qualities of his mind, the visage, its fashion,

complexion, color and

all

the parts thereof.

It

is

called the

angle of the east, the horoscope ascendant or horizon, because

when rise

the Sun or any planet touches

and appear

its

cusp or point,

visible in our hemisphere.

it

begins to

Much depends upon

the aspects and conjunctions of the planets found in this house


THE DOCTRINE OP NATIVITIES.

-

as the morals, the manners, the passions, and to

fortune of the native depends upon

its

71

some extent, the

ruling influences.

The Second House of the native.

It

relates especially to the estate and fortune was called Anaphora by the Greeks, from the

constant ascension of the planets thence toward the east.

The

pecuniary success of the native depends upon the ascendant planet in this house at the time of birth

;

and

it

is

therefore, a highly

important celestial compartment, and

should be studied with

thoughtfulness, and calculated with care

by the astrologer.

The Third House native

;

represents the relatives and friends of the

his removals, inland journeys, letters, &c.

and although

;

be not so fully charged with the immediate personal

this house

interests of the native, as the second house, it has reference peculiarly to the amenities of life, such as friendships, love of kindred,

and the

social ties generally.

The Fourth House

has a bearing upon the houses, lands, tene-

ments, inheritances, hereditaments, patrimony, and dwelling of the native and their several qualities.

and

his quality

and condition, be

it

It represents the father

good or bad, and

is

called

astrologers the angle of the Earth or northern angle.

it

the

Imum

Cceli^

It also

The Boman soothsayers

refers to secret plots against children.

termed

by

or " bottom of Heaven."

It signifies

the conclusion or end of everything, and according to the planet,

be

it

favorable or malign, ruling in this house at the time of birth,

the native

may be

wealthy, distinguished, the possessor of high

man

dignities,

a philosopher, an acute

culturist,

a discoverer of mines, a murderer, an incendiary, or an

of business, a great agri-

adulterer.

The Fifth House

denotes the condition, qualities and fortunes

of the ^children of the native.

It represents ialso his pleasures

such as plays, banquets, revellings, &c. gers called

it

"

Joy,"

",

The Grecian

astrolo-

Delight," from the happiness parents are

supposed to derive from their ojBfspring, or expect to receive from them. Malign planets, posited in this house, may portend either

no issue to the native, or the death of the children born to him, or their disobedience, should

hand, the house

is

they survive.

If,

on the other

governed by favorable planets, the native will


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGT.

72

derive infinite comfort and consolation from his offspring.

may

favorable planets

Un-

also signify great losses to the native

in.

the prosecution of his pleasures.

The Sixth House

is

the house of diseases.

It

indicates,

according to the ruling influences, their curability and incura-

and also the medicines most appropriate

bility,

for the ameliora-

and the re-establishment of health.

tion of pain

the disease as well as

The nature

of

indicated by the position of

its intensity, is

the stellar orbs in relation to this important house.

Too much

thought, study and research, cannot be bestowed by the astrolo-

ger upon this division of the celestial

The Seventh House

is

circle.

cognizant of marriage, and portrays

the character, &c., of the person to

united in wedlock.

and controversies, and

contests

entitled to

much

happiness of

life

whom

the native

is

to

be

It also represents his enemies, his law-suits,

their

depends; and

it is

issues.

This

house

is

upon marriage much of the

consideration, for

greatly to be regretted

when

uncongenial planets are in the ascendent, for in that case the probabilities are in favor of

unhappy unions, and unfortunate law-

On

the other hand, the predominance of

suits

and disputations.

planets deemed fortunate, exercise a most happy influence in this

house

portending a felicitous wedded

:

life,

and the prosperous

prosecution of all contests legal or personal.

The Eighth House

relates to the death of the native; the

goods of deceased persons; legacies, teeships, deeds,

wills, administrations, trus-

and the dowry of widows.

All astrologers, from

the time of the Phoenecians to the present day, have deemed

malignant, unfortunate and portentous of teracting influences should neutralize

There

is

when

its

it

unless strong coun-

primary signification.

no part in the division of the zodiac so absolutely

malign and cruel as the Eighth House. is

evil,

the Dragon's

Head

is

Its

most fortunate aspect

posited there, pre-noting long

and

an enrichment by gifts, legacies or inheritance. The Ninth House is denominated metus a mutur, from fear or

healthful

doubt.

life,

Astrologers entitle

it

the

House of Eeligion, because

even the most pious persons frequently doubt the sufficiency of their faith, and fear that they shall never attain to that degree


THE DOCTEINE OP NATIVITIES.

73

of purity which they conceive to be necessary for their everlast-

ing welfare.

dreams and visions of the native,

It represents the

his voyages, his scientific

knowledge; and

kindred, also ecclesiastical honors.

It

it

signifies his wife's

depends on the planets

located in this house at the time of birth whether the native will

be skeptical, unbelieving, superstitious, or zealous in religious matters, and whether his sea voyages

prosperous or disastrous. conjunctions,

and long journeys

shall

be

This house, under certain planetary

may render

the

native

skillful

expounding

in

dreams.

The Texth House, Latin astrologers, Cor

or Angle of the South, was called by the Cceli;

and by the Greeks, Medium

the heart or middle of Heaven.

It is the

Cceli,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

House of Dignity, and

has signification of the honor and preferment of the native.

and rank

also refers to his mother, her condition

It

in society.

Although deemed upon the whole a fortunate house, yet there are several planets, any one of which,

when

posited within

it,

render

The Moon in the Tenth House, assures honors and by malign planets of superior power. The Eleventh House was known among the Romans as Bonus Genius, the Good Demon, Angel or Spirit. 'It confers favor,

it

untoward.

offices,

unless controlled

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

friendship, benignity of disposition,

The Sun

and expectations.

and

refers to the native's hopes

in this house gives the native

many,

friends of the true' stamp, both old and young, and denotes that

he will receive important aid and assistance from them.

when unfortunately placed ominous of

evil,

in the Eleventh House,

showing the disappointment of

sorrow and discord

pations,

The Moon

&c., &c.

in

families

is

Saturn,

singularly

all joyful antici-

and among

in this house exerts a favorable

friends,

sway over

the destiny of the native.

The Twelfth House

indicates the imprisonments, banishments,

and private enemies of the native; and also refers to his horses and farm stock, if he happen to possess any. The Latins, copying the name from the Greek, called

Angel or

Spirit.

be posited there, exile.

it

Mains Genius, the Evil

It is a fearfully unfortunate house. it

If Saturn

portends fear, sorrow, trouble, captivity and

Jupiter, if evilly placed, indicates calumny, reproach, per-


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

Y4

secution and poverty; but if essentiallj dignified, gives the native

victory over all his foes, and a happy issue out of

all his difficul-

Mars, in the Twelfth House, denotes imprisonment and

ties.

trouble,

by reason of

and errors;

wilful crimes

also

many

diseases

dependent in their nature on the sign the planet occupies. Sun, in this division of the celestial houses,

nor

is

the

Moon more

The foregoing

is

The

also unfortunate;

is

propitious.

a brief outline of the order, nature, and pre-

dominating influences of the Twelve Celestial or Zodiacal Houses or compartments, constituting, as a whole, a complete horoscope,

and varying

in their indications according to the planets com-

prised within them at the time of the native's birth, and the position

and power of such planets.

In referring to the native, or in

other words, the person whose nativity

title all

is

to

be

cast, the

mascu-

gender has been used for convenience, and as the generic

line

of the

human

family.

It

must be understood, however, that

that has been said, refers to the fairer and gentler portion of

creation as well as to the male sex. It will

have been observed by the reader that each of the is a distinct and independent figure, involving a

twelve houses

separate problem of fate to

know

;

so that if a

man

or

woman

a single phase of his or her destiny,

it

desire only

will be only

necessary to erect the house which governs the species of events

required to be foreshown. entific process,

Astrology

found and. noble science

may

truth.

this, after all, is

and can only give a

glimpse of the future.

whole

But

The

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

it

is

partial

a slovenly, unsci-

and unsatisfactory

a candid, as well as a pro-

aims not only at the truth, but the

fortune indicated by one of the celestial houses,

possibly be modified by the planetary influences in the others,

and therefore a full nativity, covering the entire celestial circle, is entitled to more confidence than the shreds and patches, of fate, so to speak, obtained by dipping here and there into the fountain of destiny.

Astrologers subdivide each of the celestial houses into several parts,

and lay down rules of calculation

liar indications of

each subdivision.

for ascertaining the pecu-

These minutia, however,

which can only be understood and applied by the accomplished


THE DOCTEINE OF NATIVITIES.

75

reader of the stars, would be entirely out of place in a popular treatise.

With is

it

the twelve houses constituting a full nativity before him,

the duty of the astrologer to give his whole mind, for the

time being, to the chart of fate

;

noting the good and evil con-

tained therein, as the mariner notes upon his rocks, roadsteads

map

the shoals,

and convenient harbors lying along the route

to his destination.

He

should weigh in the balance of his judg-

ment the malignant against the beneficent

influences,

mine the general character of the applicant's

fate

and deter-

from a calcula-

tion of their relative power. It

must not be supposed that the nativity of an individual,

disastrous in its aspect, involves the absolute necessity of

accomplishment in

all its parts.

rests with the person himself.

its

if

own

Something of the responsibility If the date,

when a

conjunction

of untoward planets, indicates some terrible misfortune, under certain circumstances,

on

his

own

is set

forth, it

then depends in most cases

volition whether he shall place himself in such a situ-

ation as to encounter the disaster which awaits him under certain contingencies.

It

was

foretold to Julius Csesar that he

perish by violence on the ides of March.

the prediction, and

we know strances,

full

it

was confirmed by

would

The soothsayers made

his wife's

dream

;

and yet

well that had he listened to Calphurnia's remon-

and kept away from the Senate House on that day, the

tragedy would not and could not have been enacted.

It is true

that the stars indicated the crisis of his destiny on the 15th day of March, but

was the dictator's own obstinacy which severed was suspended above his head the sword of Pope says that the Omnipotent when it

the hair by which destruction.

" binding nature fast in fate

Left free the

hnman

will,"

and the Christian astrologer holds that

his

science, properly

understood, does not involve the doctrine of a fatal necessity.

The duty

of the astrologer

his horoscope

and read

its

is

not finished when he has erected

occult meaning.

with the inquirer, warn him of the

He

should advise

evils indicated in his nativity,


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

Y6

and instruct him how

to

avoid them.

incalculable benefits upon the

human

In this way he

may

race, thousands of

confer

whom

in

the absence of such counsel and guidance rush blindly into traps

and

pitfalls of misfortune,

into futurity

and judicious advice from those competent "

mysteries.

its

which they might avoid by a glance

Forewarned, forearmed,"

is

to unveil

the truest of all

proverbs, and comprehends in two words a volume of

wisdom

and philosophy. In order to be forewarned, apply to those who and that you may be can discern clearly the path before you ;

forearmed for

its

dangers, ponder and lay to heart the counsel of

the astrologer.

As

illustrations for the

guidance of the student in Astrology,

the horoscopes of four individuals

who have played

important,

though very dissimilar parts on the world's stage, are introduced in this sketch of the theory

and doctrine of

Nativities.

Oliver

Cromwell, Henry YIII., Marcus Tullus Cicero, and Horatio

Gordon, the planetary configurations and combinations governing

whose

destinies are here reproduced

records were

all

from the most authentic

extraordinary men.

The era of Cromwell comprehended

and

the dethronement

decapitation of a king and the establishment of a government

more absolute than royalty itself, upon the ruins of the " The bankrupt brewer of Huntingdon," as he was called by the roystering cavaliers a man of comparatively obscure birth, and possessing at the outset neither wealth, still

British monarchy.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

nor influence

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; succeeded

in unseating the heir of a long line of

kings, and after procuring his death

by the

axe, leaped, if not

actually into his place, at least into a position where he wielded more power than any monarch who ever wore the British crown. His wonderful career is clearly indicated in his horoscope, as

any one conversant with the science of Astrology will readily His good fortune was almost uninterrupted from the commencement of his military life to the period of his death but

perceive.

;

the celestial influences which governed the nativity of his son

Richard,

whom

he fondly hoped would succeed him, were of an

adverse character, and the fabric of power reared by the father,

melted into air when

it

became the inheritance of the

son.

The


THE DOCTRINE OF NATIVITIES. nativity of the unfortunate Eichard

Cromwell was

77 cast

by Wil-

liam Lilly previous to the death of Oliver, and the presages of

278.

9

THE HOROSCOPE OF OLIVER CROMWELL.

that distinguished English astrologer

were afterwards

fulfilled

almost to the letter.

Henry YIII. whose horoscope 'and portrait are next in order, was a monarch who left his mark upon the age in which he lived. That age witnessed the, downfall of the Eomish Church in England, and the persecutions and penalties endured by the priesthood of that church, the sacking of monasteries, convents and cathedrals, and the bodily torments to which both the ecclesiastics and lay professors of Catholicism were subjected, indicate no less clearly than the judicial murder of his wives, the sanguinary and merciless disposition of the tyrant. The adept in astrolo-


THE MTSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

78

gical science "wlio examines the horoscope of this so-called " de-

fender of the faith," will find ample celestial data for crimes and cruelties of the English

judged by the physiognomical

Nero.

all

the

His countenance

signs, confirms the

language of

THE HOROSCOPE OF HEKRT Vm.

and there is no department of occult science which would not render a verdict against him as a monster of cruelty, a the stars,

disgrace to

human

we and how

In Cicero stamp,

nature.

contemplate a

man

of a different and a higher

different to those in the horoscopes of

Cromwell

and Henry YIH., are the planets and signs posited in the divisions of his horoscope. The combinations in the Ninth House indicate peril to life while on a journey, and it is well known that Cicero's head

was struck while traveling

in a litter within a short


THE DOCTRINE OF NATIVITIES. distance of

Roman

Rome.

A

key

to the forensic

Y9

triumphs of the great

orator are furnished in his nativity, if read aright; and

although his horoscope that of Cromwell or

is

scarcely so positive in its character as

Henry

YIII., yet

it

can be readily inter-

THE HOROSCOPE OF MARCUS TULLUS CICEEO.

preted by those

who

possess the requisite occult knowledge, and

those peculiar natural or supernatural gifts which are transmitted

from generation

to generation in the families of astrologers

and

magicians of the highest caste, of whom, however, there are not

more than two or three now in existence. The fourth horoscope is that of Horatio Gordon, a very astrologer and magician of the seventeenth century, of

honorable mention that day.

is

made by

skillful

whom

several of the scientific writers of

His nativity indicates great

perils in the

House of

Life


80

THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

THE HOROSCOPE OF HORATIO GORDOX.


THE DOCTRINE OF NATIVITIES. during

and

yoiitli,

it

marked by extreme

is

on record that

feebleness,

81 early years were

his

and that he was several times

given up as incurable by his medical attendants.

however favorable

House of

influences apparent in his nativity,

struggle,, prevailed

after a long

Life

;

There

and

are,

these,

over the evil portents in the

and he lived long past

his

grand climacteric,

dis-

pensing the light derived from his occult knowledge to thousands.

In the graveyard of an old village church in Hampshire, not far from Winchester, where he passed his declining years, a neat monument records his talents and his virtues. Before closing this division of the subject,

it

a few words of the practical utility of nativities.

who

possesses one of these vade

memms,

advantage over his fellow beings, that a light shining his

upon

way through

his path,

proper to say

is

The

individual

truly drawn, has all the

man with

a Drummond"

would possess over him that groped

thick darkness.

The former,

sees the misfor-

tunes with which the future threatens him, and by a wise exercise of his discretion, can either avoid them or lessen their magnitude.

When we

see the face of danger,

aster lying in

ambush

any thing that we hold dear, " it

we

are on our guard;

but

dis-

for our lives, our fortunes, our health, or is

almost sure of

its

prey, because

cometh as a thief in the night," without premonition or

As

was bestowed upon the Crotalus, for the and deadly purpose, so has the divine science of Astrology and its kindred arts, been bestowed upon mankind, in order that destiny might be made to reveal itself in advance, and thus enable man to fortify himself against its adverse shafts, and oppose to malign influences in the future his courage, his intelligence, and his prudence. warning.

the rattle

purpose of compelling

it

to give notice of its presence

Multitudes of instances might be cited in which threatened accidents and losses, family dissensions, lovers' quarrels, litigation, crime, sickness, &c.,

have been averted or favorably modified

in consequence of the impending evil having

before."

" cast its

shadow


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTEOLOGT.

82

As an

Anatomy

illustration, so to spealt, of the

of Astrology,

showing the connexion between the

the following engraving

signs of the zodiac and the different portions of the

human

frame, will be found useful.

!z;

o

p^

o

o o c^

^

<=>.

l=H

;^0

>

.-^

P^

^^

?,P^ Sf«^

^O ^(n

^u

< Ph

^ p?

b;

^ 1—

2

CiO

la SaS

?5l3

P5

W o

hJ

EH en 1—

<1


6 i

1

9i i(

e

i(


#

Geomancy

is

^

mint

c

g

the art of foreshowing future events by combi-

nations of dots or points.

The

friars of the

Middle Ages, who,

notwithstanding their public fulminations against sorcery and magic, practised in the seclusion of their monasteries and abbeys all

the methods of divination with which their black letter lore,

and the traditions of former ages had made them cially affected this

familiar, espe-

branch of occult science.

Shut out from the

by

their monastic vows,

ordinary pleasures and occupations of

life

they seem to have compensated themselves for the sacrifice of

worldly indulgencies by seeking to penetrate the veil which hides

from man the secrets of Destiny.

That powerful

clerico-military

brotherhood, the Knights Templars, were at one time accused of practising Demonology, and

many

of the order were

and sentenced to excommunication and death on

this

tried

charge.

Whether the accusations brought against them were true or but it is quite false, we have now no means of ascertaining certain that many of the monks of that era were well-versed in celestial magic. The innocent and yet wonderful art of Geomancy, as. well as the more abstruse science of Judicial and Horary Astrology, was studied and reduced to practice in cells and oratories, the inmates of which were supposed by the ;

outside world to be solely employed in fasting, prayer, and holy

meditation.

But human nature

is

pretty

much

the same in the cloister as

it


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

86 is

Curiosity, which,

elsewhere.

common

mother,

is

we

all

honestly inherit from our

sharpened rather than extinguished in

ment, and the good fathers finding

for it in

field

little

retire-

their

gloomy present, were indefatigable in devising ways and means for obtaining a peep into futurity.

As

the processes of

Geomancy are

interesting

and amusing, the

cowled tenants of the religious houses beguiled many a weary

hour in endeavoring to wring from Fate her undeveloped mysteries

by

Nor were

its aid.

where the inquirer though

is

their efforts fruitless, for in all cases,

sincere and earnest in his or her questions

medium, the sympathy which prevails throughout

this

nature, and which cannot be accounted for except to

by referring

it

something higher than material influences, will insure him a

true and intelligent answer.

The

art or science of

and compound.

Geomancy

is

consists of

two

parts, simple

the art of ascertaining events

from the nature and properties of sixteen emblematic

to come, figures,

Si7nple

Geomancy

without combination by house, place or aspect.

Compound Geomancy can scarcely be called an art it is a sciIt teaches the means of discovering not only the general :

ence.

ansAver to the question propounded, but all tions

and involves in

;

contingent rela-

its

formula some of the operations of

its

Astrology.

Strange to say this branch of magic although extensively practised has rarely been

and

at this

tion to

it

session a

in

day

at

any

operandi,

travels,

the subject

o*f

explanatory treatises

;

almost impossible to obtain a book in rela-

price.

The author

of this

work has

in his pos-

volume of illuminated manuscript, bearing date 1429,

which there

modus

it is

made

is

a tolerably

and from

this

as well as from the

full description

of the Geomantic

and other data collected during

his

knowledge derived from practical

experience, he will endeavor to give a concise sketch of the

mode

of proceeding.

The method in rapidly

of working questions in simple

Geomancy

marking down with pen or pencil a

points, the precise

number being

the querist, while doing

this,

left to

consists

series of dots or

chance.

The mind of

must be earnestly fixed upon the


GEOMANCY. matter upon

"wliicli

and skepticism

87

he desires information, and as free from doubt

The

as possible.

latter point is essential to a

veracious and rational answer.

The

when

ancients believed that

served, an

conditions were ob-

these

invisible spirit or planetary angel controlled the

hand

of the questioner, causing him so to arrange the mystic dots as to obtain an authentic solution of his query.

The forms and names of the are as follows

sixteen Geomantic signs or figures

:

Caput.

Acquisitio.

o

Amissio.

Cauda. o

o

O

O O

Rubens.

o o

Albus.

In the

first

Fortuna major.

O

place, as has

Fortuna minor.

been stated, the dots are

casjially

marked down, without counting. The next proceeding i^ to them into a scheme or figure, whence the answer is derived. Such

is

the present formula

;

join

but an almost illegible black

volume of the twelfth century, in the library of the British Museum, from which by' permission extracts have been made for

letter

this book, contains the subjoined directions for divining

mancy, which cannot quaint and curious.

fail to

by Geo-

be accounted impressive as well as


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

ยงiljiiuti0ii "

Ijg

The seven planets are

may do

every one of these

lilt

^t^tw lUntls,

called the kings of the world

They are named by wise

his empire, or a prince in his kingdom.

men, the seven candlesticks of light and quick spirits whereunto

and

;

in his hemisphere as an Imperator in

all living

life,

and are as seven

things and all terrestrial affairs

are subjective. "

To

divine

by their influences

the scope of our doctrine,

is

even the art called Geomancy which

is

none other than the cogi-

tations of the heart of the asker, joined to the earnest desire of

the will to

know

the thing or matter uncertain or dark, which

is,

nevertheless, contained in the penetralium or hidden cabinet of

nature, and governed " This art, curious

attainable by

by the

secrets of fortune.

in its method,

him alone who

will,

and of diverse

efficacy,

journeys, guide his footsteps aright; for doubtless divers

man

But know,

lead to the selfsame end.

is

amidst thorny paths and rugged

!

ways

whoever thou

art,

that shall inquire into these hidden mysteries, that thou must for-

bear to consult the heavenly oracles, or to cast thy divining

when the heavens when the lightnings

points, in a cloudy, windy, or rainy season; or

above thee are stricken with thunder; or glare amidst thy path;

demon who

for thou art

wills thy answer,

So that what to thee may seem the

to cast thy figure rightly.

sport and pastime of every chance,

power. earth,

Therefore,

who

as the false "

Thou

mark

governed by an invisible

and will guide thy trembling fingers

is

the

well, else the

work

mighty

of an unseen spirits of the

rule thy destiny, will be to thee as deceivers,

and lying

spirits

and even

recorded in Holy Writ.'

shalt therefore cast thy divining points in earth (thy

fellow clay) tempered according to the high and hidden mysteries

of the seven wandering fires of heaven, which the vulgar call planets, or stars.

Thou

shalt take clean earth, in the

manner of

sand, mingled with the dews of the night, and the rain of that shall fall during the full of the moon, tions

tlie

clouds

commixed in equal por-

for the space of seven days, under the celestial signs or reign-


GEOMANCT.

89

ing constellations, or otherwise in the lordship of the hours of the presiding planets; and then shalt thou mingle the whole mass together, to the intent that, effect

"

may be

by

their commixion, the universal

the better known, and the end thereof prophesied.

Choose, therefore, a clear and goodly season, bright and

and neither dark, windy, nor rainy thou shalt be "

fair,

— and fear not, but rest assured

satisfied.

Moreover, shouldest thou make use of the magical suffumiga-

make .glad (by sympathy) They are these, viz. mastic, cinnamon, musk, the wood of aloes, coriandrum, violets,

tions of the heavenly orbs, thou shalt

the spirits of the air. frankincense,

Saunders, and saffron.

proportions; and then

Commix and ignite may est thou proceed

these in due and just to consult thy future

lot.''

The following and more modern plan cient

and

is,

however, equally

effi-

complex and laborious.

less

THE FIRST PEOCESS. When

the asker or inquirer has thought earnestly upon the

subject or matter of

which he

inquires, let

him mark down

sixteen

lines of dots, marks, or points, without counting them, so that at

the least there be not less than twelve points in each line,

—which

marks in each line together, two number of points be even, which is, if they will all join together, let him mark down at the end of the line two dots, ciphers, or marks; but if the number of points in the done, let him join the points or

and two

;

and

line be odd,

if

which

and two, then lines

the

let

when one remains, after they are joined hy two him write down but one point. Every four

is

form one Geomantic

figure,,

as follows: Figure

— — — —

— — — —

— — — —

— — — —

— — — —

— — — — — — — — — GO

.... .... .

.

1.


90

O

THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGT.

— 0—0 — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — 0--0 — — — — —

— — — —

— —O — —

— —

0- -0

0- -0 0- -0

These are called the four

2.

.

o

o

FigTu-e

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 0—0 — — —

— — — — — — —

— — — —

Figure

— — — — — — — —

— — — —

3.

.

.

Figure

4.

— — — — O — — — — — .00 —

— — — —

.

.

steps of the figure

first

placing them they must be read from right to

left,

;

and in

as under-

neath.

3d

4th

2d

1st

o

o

O

o

The next process which

first four,

first lines

is

is to form four other figures from out of the done by taking the number of points in the

of each figure: thus, in the figure Figure

No.

1,

the points in the

first line

are

two, placed thus

In No.

2,

the points in the

first line

are also two, placed thus

In No. In No.

but one point thus

3,

there

4,

there are again two, thus

is

o

Giving this No. 5.

figure,

O

5.


GEOMANCY. Figure the

6tli is

91

found the same way, bj taking the odd or

even points in the second line of the

figures, thus

:

Figure

In the second line of No. 1

odd point an odd point In the second line of No. 4 are two points, thus In the second line of No. 2 In the second line of No. 3

is

also an

is

also

Giving this No. 6.

Figure the 7th

O

figure,

found the same way; thus-

is also

Figure

In the third line of No.

1,

4, also

two

Giving this No. T. Figure the 8th

is

7.

there are two points, thus

In the third line of No. 2, one point, thus In the third line of No. 3, two points, thus In the third line of No.

6.

an odd point, thus

is

formed

o

o

points, thus

figure.

thus, the

same way. Figure

8.

In the fourth line of No. 1, one point In the fourth line of No. 2, one point In the fourth line of No.

In the fourth line of No.

3,

one point

4,

two points

Giving this figure No. 8.

The next

step is to place the whole in order from right to

left,

as unlfer.

8

T

6

4

5

3

2

1

_

JYext,

a figure

is

formed out of each pair of

figures,

by joining


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

92

together the 1st and 2d, the 3d and 4th, the 5th and 6th, and the

Tth and 8th figures, according as the points in each are odd or even,

—thus

By

:

this means,

an additional four

figures,

Nos.

11

12

10

thus

lastly, ;

—thus

:

9

13

14

And

and

10, 11,

9,

12, are gained, which are again to be joined together,

Nos. 13 and 14 are joined in like manner together,

No. 18 has one mark and odd in the

first line,

and No. 14

two. Figure

The number

three is odd,

marked thus

In the second line of each,

tioo points,

.

even

In the third line of each, two, also even

In the fourth line of each,

The whole process is

here given.

is

three,

odd

.

.

o o

.

.

.

.

15.

o

o o

o

.

exemplified in the complete figure which


GEOMANCY.

93

a

<

WITNESSES AND JUDGE IN THE FOREGOING EXAMPLE. 14

13

Left Witness.

Kigh.t "Witness

O

O o

0.0 15 Judge.

d

In resolving questions by simple Geomancy, figures alone, Nos. 13, 14,

answers.

and

15, "whicli are

it

is tJie three last

used in giving the

These are termed

A

FIGURE OF TRIPLICITT.

Of these three figures. No. 13 is termed the Right Witness, and No. 14 the Left Witness ; out of these two is drawn the Judge of the whole figure, to whom the sentence or answer of the whole question belongs, as will b)e hereafter shown.


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

94

There is a striking peculiarity, or arithmetical property, in a scheme of Geomancy thus cast which is, that only eight out of ;

the sixteen figures can ever be found in the place of the the latter, therefore,

work

of the whole

;

always formed of even points.

is

must be observed, that

Judge

to the first four figures

For

belong the ground-

and these must be either odd or even

odd, the next four figures will be also odd

;

j

it

:

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

if

and, according to a

geometrical axiom, out of two negative qualities comes an affirmative

;

and, therefore, the Judge will be even.

Again,

if

the first

four figures are even, the next four figures will be even also, and

of course the Judge will always he even.

At first sight, the reader may discover many difficulties in way of cas-ting a figure but a little practice will render ;

system familiar, plain, and easy, therefore without a

let

the

the

him not reject

it

trial.

The method of. forming a figure of Geomancy, has been already shown as also, what is termed, the " Figure of the Tri;

judging of which, the old authors have

plicities ;" for the better left

on record certain Tables, which contain^ the

the witnesses and judge ative

by which an answer, negative or

;

may be found without

It has

" Sentence " of

affirm-

trouble.

been also observed, that only eight out of the sixteen

figures can ever be judge

;

yet, as there are

two witnesses

also

to be taken into account, the variations to the answers are 8 multiplied

by

16,

and therefore equal

cases, however,

good or

it

is

to

128 in number.

of consequence to

In these

notice on which side the

evil figures fall, as that gives the variations in the result.

Thus, for instance, the Triplicities

b

and

although the judge


GEOMANCT. is

95

the same in each, yet the answers corresponding are different

and

so in all other cases whatever.

In order to work by the following Tables, the reader must cast the figure, and refer to the page for the answer to his question thus, for instance, in the following figure

:

:

0, O o

o o o If the question

would

were of an

If it

Length of

Life," the

answer

affair

connected with " Money," the answer

be, " Unfortunate."

would If

" of the

were

be, " Short Life."

were of

it

Patient,

and

so

" Sickness," it

on in

all

would denote

other cases

;

"

Death " to the

referring to that page of

work which has the required Triplicities. The following Tables are compiled from an old and

the

author,

now out

nation simple

;

of print

which

:

curious

the answers are concise, and the expla?

is all

that can be wished.


THE MTSTEEIES OP ASTROLOGY.

96

e

e

®

THE SENTENCE OF THE JUDGE IX THE QUESTIOXS RELATIXG TO 1.

%ms^

2.

iHonts Dt Ccain,

of lift,

I^onor or

3.

CrtiJit,

iSusmtss,

4-.

Pit^naitcs,

8.

'Sm^tisanmmt,

9. ^Jounxtss, znis

iHaniasJ,

5.

6>.

10. griinss 3.Dst.

ACCOEDIXG TO THE MOST FAilOUS AUTHORS OF FOEMER TDIES.

Axswr

yiJi-uo.NS.

Moderately long.

Life,

Money, .... Honor, .... Business,

Meanly good.

Money,

Evil.

...Meanly good.

Honor,

Meagf

.

.

.

.

Good.

.

Pregnancy, ....A Daughter. Sickness,

Dangerous.

.

Lnprisonment, Journey,

.

Unfortunate.

Business,

.

Marriage,

Moderate.

Life,

.

Thing Lost,

.

Delivery.

Good by

Good.

Marriage,

A Son,

Pregnancy,

Health,

Sickness,

Imprisonment, Quick Eelease,

"Water.

Journey,

Found.

Thing Lost,

. .

.

Good and Quick. Not Found.


GEOMANCT.

97 O

O

O O O

O o o

O O

f

o

o o ANSWERS.

QUESTIONS.

1

Good and Long.

Life,

Evil.

Life,

Money,

Evil.

Money,

An Increase.

Honor,

Good.

Honor,

Good.

Business,

Good.

Fortunate.

Business,

Good.

Marriage,

A Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Dangerous.

Sickness,

Long.

Imprisonment,

Good by

Journey,

Sea.

Not Found.

Thing Lost,

Pregnancy,

A Son.

Sickness.

Health.

Imprisonment,.

.

.

.

.Late out.

Ends Good.

Journey,

Found.

Thinf? Lost

.0

o

Good.

Marriage,

O o .

O o QUIStlONS.

o o o

o o ANSWERS.

ANSWERS.

QrESnONS.

'

Life,

Favorable.

Life,

Mean.

Money,

Fortunate.

Money,

Mean.

Honor,

Mean.

Honor,

Good.

Business,

Marriage,

Pregnancy, Siclcaess,

Fortunate.

Business,

Meanly Good.

.Good.

Marriage,

Good.

A Qirl.

Pregnancy,

Health.

Sickness,

Imprisonment, .... Come out.

Imprisonment,

Journey,. .Good and Speedy.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

Thing Lost,

Found.

%

A Son. Health. .

.Deliverance.

Soon Return. Found.


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY. o

QuisrroNS.

iN'STTEES.

Moderate.

Life,

ANSWERS.

QUESxroNS.

Life,

.

Money,

Mean-.

Money, ....

Honor,

Mean.

Honor, .....

Business,

Mean.

Business,

Marriage,

Indifferent.

A Daughter.

Pregnancy, Sickness,

Perilous.

Imprisonment,

.

.

Deliverance.

Short Life.

Unfortunate.

m. EviL

.

Marriage,..

Unfortunate.

..

Pregnancy, ... Sickness, .

.

Journey,

TMng

Thing Lost,

.

.

.

A Daughter. Death.

...

Imprisonment,

Journey, Very good by water. Lost, .... Part Found.

.

. .

.Terilous.

Mean.

••• ...

.

.

GO

.

Not Found.

o

O

O

o O o O QUKSnOXS.

Life,

o o o

o AXSTVEBS.

Very

evil.

Q^IES^o^'S.

Life,

axswi3?s.

Moderate.

Money,

Unlucky.

Money,

Meanly Good.

Honor,

Very

Honor,

Mean.

Business,

Marriage,

Pregnancy, Sickness,

Imprisonment, Journey,

Thing Lost,

ill.

Unfortunate.

Business,

Indifferent.

A bad one.

Marriage,

Prosperous.

A Girl. Perilous.

Death.

Robbed.

Not Found.

Pregnancy, Sickness,

Imprisonment, Journey,

Thing Lost,

A Daughter. Long

Sick.

Soon

out.

Slow.

Found.


m

GEOMANCY.

99 o o

GO O o

o

o o o

o

QOSnOXS.

AXSWEKS.

Life,

Short.

YeryEvil.

Life,

Very

Money,

Unlucky.

Money,

Honor,

Evil.

Honor,

Business,

Evil.

Business,

Marriage,

Jarring.

Pregnancy,

Abortion.

Death,

Sickness,

Imprisonment,

. .

.

Dangerous.

Unlucky.

Journey,

Not Found.

Thing Lost,

Unlucky. Evil.

Pregnancy,

Abortion. Perilous.

Sickness,

Long.

Imprisonment,

Unlucky.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

Not Found.

O

00

0.

o

o O o O

o

o o o

o QTJESnONS.

AtrSTTERS.

Long.

Life,

Money,

Mean.

Money,

Mean.

Honor,

Honor, Business,

Marriage,

Journey^^ Thing

Lost,.*.

Good.

Good.

Marriage,

Pleasant.

out.

Good. . .

Fortunate.

Very Good.

Come

Imprisonment,

Long.

Business,

Danger.

Sickness,

^

Unlucky.

A Son.

Pregnancy,

o o o AXSTVEES.

QTJISTIONS.

Life,

HI.

HI.

Marriage,

o

o

ANSWERS.

QFESnONS.

.Not Found.

Pregnancy, Sickness,

A Son. Dangerous.

Imprisonment, .... Delivery. Journey,

Thing Lost,

Voyage Good. Part Found.


THE MYSTERIES OP

100

OGT.

Al

o o

o

O

o

o

Moderate.

Life,

o

o

Short.

Life,

Money,

Mean.

Money,

Unlucky.

Honor,

111.

Honor,

Mean.

Business,

111.

Business,

Mean.

111.

Marriage,

Indifferent.

Marriage,

,

Pregnancy,

Child dies.

Sickness,

Perilous.

Imprisonment, ....

Come

out.

HI end.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

Not Found.

O o o QUESnONS.

Life,

Death.

Sickness,

Soon

Imprisonment,

Thing Lost, .... Part Found.

o o O

o o

o o o

o o

o o ANSWERS.

Short.

out.

Mean.

Journey,

o o

o o

A Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Asswms.

QmiSTiONS.

Long.

Life,

Money,

Unlucky.

Money,

Great Riches.

Honor,

Evil.

Honor,

Excellent.

Business,

Evil.

Business,

Very Good. Good.

Marriage,

Unlucky.

Marriage,

Pregnancy,

Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Sickness,

Soon

Imprisonment,

Soon

Journey,

Thing Lost,

A Son. Dangerous.

die.

Sickness,

out.

Imprisonment,.

Vexatious.

Not Found.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

. . .

Come

out.

Voyage Good. Found.


GEOMANCT.

101

0^

O

O O

O O

o

o

o o o

o o QUESnONS.

AXSTVERS.

Long.

Life,

ANSWERS.

QTTESnONS.

Short.

Life,

Money,

Very Good.

Money,

111.

Honor,

Good.

Honor,

111.

Business,

Good.

Business,

Marriage,

Mean.

Marriage,

A Son.

Pregnancy,

Health.

Sickness,

Lnprisonment, ....

Come

Journey,

out.

Good.

Thing Lost,

Found.

Very

bad.

A Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Danger.

Sickness,

Imprisonment,

Dangerous.

. . .

Unlucky.

Journey,

Not Found.

Thing Lost,

o o o

o

o o

Mean.

o

,

O O

o

o o

o QrEsnoss.

A^'awKKs.

Short.

Life,

QUESTIONS.

ANfJ'WJTiS.

Long.

Life,

Money,

Unlucky.

Money,

Very Fortunate.

Honor,

Evil.

Honor,

Good.

Business,

111.

Business,

Fortunate.

Marriage,

Unlucky.

Marriage,

Fortunate.

Pregnancy,

Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Daughter.

Death.

Sickness,

Imprisonment,.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

. .

Dangerous. Loss.

Not Found.

Sickness,

Imprisonment, Journey,

Thing Lost,

Health. Delivery.

Good.

Found.


THE MYSTERIES OF

102

_

o

^

lOGY.

A;

O

O o

o

O

o

o o

Life,

Good.

Bad.

Money,

Good.

Honor,

111.

Honor,

Mean.

Business,

111.

Business,

Mean.

Marriage,

111.

Marriage,

Mean.

Mean.

Life,

Money,

A Daughter.

Pregnancy, Sickness,

Health.

Imprisonment, ....

Come

out.

Mean.

Journey,

Thing Lost,

Not Found.

Pregnancy, Sickness,

.

Abortion.

End, Health.

.

Imprisonment,

Long.

Journey,

Good.

Not Found.

Thing Lost,

O o o

o

o o o o

Q0ESnONS.

Life,

o o

o o o ANSWERS.

Short.

QUESTIONS.

o o ANS>YERS.

Mean.

Life,

Money,

Unlucky.

Money,

Mean.

Honor,

111.

Honor,

Indifferent.

Business,

Evil.

Business,

Marriage,

Evil.

Marriage,

Pregnancy,

Doubtful.

Pregnancy,

.". .

.Mean.

Mean,

A

Son.

Perilous.

Sickness,

Imprisonment,

Difficult.

Imprisonment,

Journey,

Unlucky.

Journey, .... Good by water.

Sickness,

Thing Lost,

Not Found.

Thing Lost,

De^ith.

Perilous.

Not Found.


m

103

EOMANCY.

o

o o

O o

o

o

o

O o o o ANSWERS.

QUESTIONS.

Moderate.

Life,

Life,

Mean.

Money,

Mean.

Money,

Mean.

Honor,

Bad.

Honor,

Mean.

Business,

Good.

Marriage,

Good.

Business,

Indifferent.

Marriage,

Mean.

A Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Dangerous.

Sickness,

Imprisonment,

Long.

Journey,

Evil.

Thing Lost,

Found.

A Daughter.

Pregnancy,

Dangerous.

Sickness,

Late out.

Imprisonment, Journey,

111.

Found.

Thing Lost,

o

o

o o

00

0o o O QUESTIONS.

Life,

O

o o

o o ANSWERS.

111.

ANSWERS.

QCTSTIONS.

Moderate.

Life,

Money,

Evil.

Money,

Honor,

Vexatious.

Honor,

Good.

Business,

Mean.

Marriage,

Mean.

Unlucky.

Business, 'Marriage,

Pregnancy,

111.

A Daughter.

Indifferent.

A

Pregnancy,

Son.

.'

Sickness,

Imprisonment, Journey,

Thing Lost,

Perilous.

Long. Difficult.

Not Found.

Health.

Sickness,

Imprisonment, Journey,

Thing Lost,

.

.

.

Dangerous.

Good. Part P&und.


THE MYSTERIES OP A9WB0L0GT.

T04

o o

o O o

o

o o

ANSWERS.

QUESTIONS.

Good.

Life,

Life,

.

.

.

Moderate.

Money,

Lucky.

Money, ....

111.

Honor,

Powerful.

Honor, ....

Mean.

Good.

Business,

Good.

Marriage,.

Business,

Marriage,

A

Pregnancy, Sickness,

Imprisonment, ....

Health.

Come

Journey,

Thing Lost,

The

out.

Good.

Found.

rules, principles

have now

Son.

been given.

far too abstruse to be

Pregnancy, Sickness,

......... m.

.

.

Good. ...

A Son.

..

Health.

Imprisonment, Journey,

.

Thing Lost,

.

.

.

. .

Soon

out.

.Voyage Good.

...

.

Not Found.

and clear examples of Simple Geomancy

The Compound branch

of the science

is

comprehended by the general reader, and

those who' desire to learn concerning their fate, through this

medium, should apply of magic.

to a

competent astrologer and professor


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fM^WWW

& liI0ยฅ0ยง60$M.


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m

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It

is

3Piet0p050p|;.

not unfrequently claimed that Physiognomy, as a science,

only dates from the last century, and that

it

was

a system by Lavater, as Phrenology received

and

its

nomenclature from Dr. Gall.

first

its

reduced to

classifications

But the truth

is

that Phy-

siognomy, and to some extent Phrenology, were studied and practised in connexion with Astrology ages before either of the

philosophers were born.

Physiognomy

in the olden time

meaning much more comprehensive than the modern

To

use the words of an ancient

the conditions of

men and

writer, " it

their

was the

definition.

craft

temperaments were

above

had a

whereby

fully

known

by the lineaments and conjectures of their faces. It consisted of two things, the complexion and the composition of the face and body of man

;

both of which," says the quaint old author,

"

do

show the things that are within the man, by the external signs as by the color, the stature, the composition and the shape of the members." manifestly declare and ;

Lavater did not invent Physiognomy, he merely divorced

from the occult sciences.

Instead of leaving

it

it

under the govern-

ment of those immutable laws which control the motions of the stars, he framed a set of arbitrary rules, founded upon the suggestions of his fancy, and applied them in all cases with as much confidence as if they had been based upon the experience of centuries. The fallability, or to use a plainer phrase, the absurdity of these fanciful rules has been demonstrated in innumerable


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

108 instances,

and the Physiognomy of Lavater has long since fallen But the science which he mutilated and garbled,

into disrepute. is,

and portion of

in its integrity, as a part

Celestial philosophy,

now as it was in the palmy days of Judea. "We know was practised by the Hebrews and, in fact, the Old Testament gives us the physiognomy of Moses, Jacob, David, Jonathan, Absalom and others. The compilers of the Jewish Talmud have bequeathed to us a treatise upon it, and we find it, in conjunction with Metoposcopy, which more especially refers to the forehead, elaborately treated of both by sacred and profane as true

that

it

;

writers of the early ages.

Eichard Saunders, of London, who published a work on Astrology in 1671, a copy of which was recently obtained at great cost

by the author of

volume, has the following remarks on this

this

subject "

By Physiognomy

so truly

the humors and inward part of the soul are himself, the

most virtuous of phi-

when described by Physiognomy

to be lustful, obscene,

known, that Socrates

losophers,

and luxurious by nature, admitted that the picture was

and declared that

it

correct,

was only by the stern and watchful exercise

of his reason, that he had been able to keep in check his vicious propensities and prevent himself from

committing a thousand

abominations."

Homer, in the Iliad, describes Thersites and Irus as evil speakand notes the following outward and visible signs of the malicious disposition of one of them ers,

:

" It seemed here that Nature needs would be

Employed to forge out all deformity He was purblind, cramp-sbouldered too, and lame, Sharp head and ill-boned body out of frame ;

But In

little hair,

brief, so

and long and

folio ear,

ugly as to kindle fear."

The Greeks assigned the

features to the

government of the

planets, as follows

The

forehead,

The

right eye,

.

^

.

.

.

.

.

Mars.

â&#x201A;Ź> Sol.


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY. The

left eye,

The

right ear,

The

left ear,

The

nose,

.

.

...

Cancer,

.

Leo,

SI

Yirgo,

tC:

Libra,

Ill

Scorpio,

.

5^ Pisces, Aries,

y

Taurus,

n

Gemini,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

T

.

.

Aquarius,

jd^

.

.

VS Capricorn,

.

.

.

.

.

T2

Saturn.

.

$ Yenus. Mercury.

5

.In the forehead, the

.

.

Sagittarius,

t

.

.

.

TTg

Jupiter.

upon the face are placed thus

signs of the zodiac

tt2

The Moon.

"4

.

,

The mouth,

The

.

.

.

ÂŽ â&#x20AC;˘

.

.

.

109

right eye-brow.

right cheek.

The

right ear.

The

nose.

right eye.

The

chin, Avhich. is the nadir.

The

left

eye-brow.

The

left

cheek.

The

left ear.

The

.

zenith.

The

The middle

.

.

The The

:

of the forehead,

left eye.

So the Greeks and Hebrews have ordained and constituted them.

A professor of celestial

science

who

flourished in the early part

of the seventeenth century thus describes the manner in whir>h the natirity

made

may be found by Physiognomy.

verbatim

author

known

" First, is pale,

et literatim

extract

is

this rare old

to be in print.

he that

is

cholerick having Saturne in his radix ruling,

having his eyes deep in his head, looking downwards,

slow-paced, red eyes, or like those of a cat, and if

The

from the only copy of

little.

Secondly,

Saturn be in the nativity in the flegmatick radix of any

person of either sex, he

and the eyes themselves

is

naturally

like lead,

and

fat,

all

the color of the eyes,

about them there

is as


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

110

were a bruisedness

it

he

;

slow in

is

himself herein in a courtly manner.

all his actions, 3.

When

the nativity of a melancholick person,

is in

have his face awry, ill-favoured, and a clownish,

slovenly,

Saturn

unconstant,

and

rules,

man

causes the

to

being of divers colours,

He

is

breath,

is

most commonly asquint.

sad, fearfull, having the eyes dirty,

fool,

it

and carries

hath

a

foul

thoughtfull, desiring great things, but most mischievous, nay, shall

be hard

to believe

any thing of the Divinity, but a mocker and

and gravely

insolent, going proudly

shoulders very fleshly

away his

shall pass 4.

it.

;

and marks

life in

;

he shall have thick

the

lips,

and heels

at the knees

he

;

a tavern, or in a cloyster for to carowse

But Saturn participating of the sanguine humour, which

is

the royal one, and the best of the temperaments, the properties are these

:

they have the voyce sharp and strong, they are merry

and jovial; but there are very few that have Saturn chronocrator, are of

a sanguine humour

as for the face, they have

;

it

fair

enough, but the colour like an olive, red eyes with bloody spots

So much

in them.

for the

physiognomy of the Saturnines

now

;

for the Jovialists. 1.

He

that hath Jupiter in his nativity, in the cholerick signifi-

cant, is of a white complexion, hath a long beard,

and

is

bald in

the forehead, the hair reddish or yellowish, very soon angry, yet wise.

2. If

person, he

is

the said Jupiter rule in the nativity of a flegmatick of a good stature, and well-proportioned, fair-haired,

his nose like a trout's, black eye-brows, a green eye,

For the melancholy, Jupiter

3.

As

for the sanguine

humour,

'tis

is

seldom in such

and bleared.

nativities.

4.

there that Jupitef governs most

a sanguine person hath the body white, the face somewhat red, the eyes not altogether black, white teeth, high forehead with four apparent lines therein, the which signifie good husbandry,

wisdom, and

liberality.

$ iotemhtg 1.

When Mars

party

is

red as

and bleared

;

if

is

\\\

\\t

steal Jmnmtrs.

lord of the nativity of a cholerick person, the

he were sun-burnt, hath a round

face, cat's eyes,

a cruel countenance, arrogant and proud

;

he

is


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY.

Ill

crown of the head, of a middle stature, the forepart head big, the nostrils issuing out, and when he goes he

bald on of his

tlie

makes but short

paces, he goes lightly

and

is

of himself given to

evil. 2.

But being

in the root of the nativity of a flegmatick,

he

makes him reddish, or yellowish, of a small and sudden nature, a great contester, talkative and a lyar he is bald on the crown ;

of the head, hath a broad face and great head, he looks on the

one side in an arrogant manner vicious.

3.

When Mars

is

much given

to

be

lord of a melancholick nativity,

it

:

this nature is

makes the party have a threatening countenance, and have the marks in the face. If Aries be ascendant, he is crump-shouldered, hath a long face, the head in the form of a pyramid, the hair of a chestnut-colour, great eyes and yellowish

person

is

nativity,

guilty

somewhat of

folly.

4. If

;

to be

Mars be

short, the

in a sanguine

which happens very seldom, the person will be very well

featured, round-faced, flaxen-haired, green-eyed, the countenance

gentle at

As

for

first,

but the speech bold, proud, and menacing.

Mercury, he never

a cholerick, the person colour,

and

sad,

is

is

but in three complexions

if it

;

be

of a great stature, lean and of a leaden

having not much

hair, wild eyes,

head, with narrow lips and short teeth. nativity of a melancholick

and

is

2.

and deep

When

he

is

retrograde, the party

in the in the

is incre-

many vices, and is always marked by nature, looking asquint, wry mouth'd, wry neck'd, and crump-shouldered such was Richd. the 3. King of England. 3. When it is a sanguine humour, the man is well-disposed, both in his corporal and spiritual proportions, when Mercury is lord of his nativity. dulous, subject to

:

But

Sun when he is alfridary, or lord of a cholerick, he causeth him to be of a brown colour with some small redness, for the


THE MYSTERIES OP' ASTEOLOGT.

112 fleshly,

.

having very great eyes, well-bearded and well-haired, the

head great and round, and of a middle stature

;

he

is

in

flegmatick

a great

dissembler and cautious.

The Moon

1.

nativities, for

is

most commonly

significatrix

which reason they are called Lunar

they are very

;

and

white, intermingled with a little red, having the head great

eye-brows joyning together, fair eyes, but haply un-

thick, the

equal

Cancer be the ascendent of those persons, they are

if

:

beyond measure.

When

2.

makes him corpulent, head

to

fit

handsom

fleshy,

wear the cowle there

;

she

may be

;

is

curled hair

some

also

having a great mouth and thick

1. fair,

"Venus

is

lips,

is

especially the under lip.

whereof the ball

A

shine.

is

maid born

;

the persons are

body white, gentle

handsomly curling or crisping

in the neck,

which

is

very

having the

signification of gluttony, as

courteous, amiable, gentle, having the

mark

of,

a long beard, but not

;

never but in flegmatic nativities

speech, the hair thick, ral

make a monk

to

fit

fair

:

;

their natu-

they have black eyes,

yellowish, which doth as

it

were burn or

in this constellation will not long

virginity, if she be high-nosed,

fat

in that of a melancholick, she

keep her

Now

which commonly happens.

by these physiognomies well-considered (which he must needs do, who pretends to the knowledge of these sciences) one may make the horoscope very easily, taking one or more questions con-

cerning some one

whom we

wish well unto, and would

know

his

present and future contingences. First,

was

having by the lineaments of the face known what planet

lord, let us see if he derive of the nature of that

planet,

having the lineaments of the face such as we have described

;

if

they are conformable without any difference, then infallibly that

house or face of that sign of the zodiak

person

is

born in the

which

is

referred to that planet.

first

As here we have a man

that


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY. is

113

white, fair spoken, having a long nose, fair hair

brown eye

;

he

Taurus, which

way

born,

is

Yenus being ad

instar, in

the first house of that planet

is

of question, having proposed

certainly finde this sign Taurus, whether

ties

is

the

or

first,

and honours

;

it

it

be the tenth, which

and from the

you may draw most certain

thick, a

first

part of

so proceed

:

to yourself,

it

and

by

and observed

month and the day, and you will

the hour and minute, taking the

which

the

figure

you

be in the house of is

shall

significations,

life

the house of digni-

as

thereupon erect, Belot did for a

young German Prince, whom he had the honour to see in the suburbs of St. Germain at Paris." Another Astrologer, quoted by the celebrated Dr. Dee, and also referred to by Lilly, has left us the subjoined treatise on the various forms of the head and their peculiar indications. curious, as one of the first essays

that ever appeared in print

;

and

It is

on Phrenology or Craniology

it is

therefore reproduced with-

out alteration.

The learned and knowing Hippocrates, in the sixth Book which he wrote concerning ordinary Diseases, says that by considering the head of a man, it may be judged of the whole body, that being the most apparent of all the parts of the body, and

is

not covered nor masked, and especially the face, which at the first

sight

is

seen of

all,

that so

may be judged

of the tempera-

ment and actions of the person. Now in our science of Physiognomic, the form, proportion, and dimensions of the head are to be considered for by it, and its form, we judge of the minde contained therein, which is that that distinguishes us from beasts, and makes us know the breath which is said to have been blown ;

into our face

by the Perfection of

all things, that so

He

might


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

114 give US an

men aim

epitliite

of Saints, whicli

the

mark which

discovery,

thus

it is

little

head

guilty of little

is

all

wise

which

That therefore we may come

desired by pure wisdom.

A

is

at for the obtainment of that immortality

is

to this

:

never without

wisdom, but rather

and most commonly

vice, full

of folly, which

is

is

naught

and malicious.

A

great head doth not signifie any perfection of manners,

though there may be sometimes, but not ture

the most perfect

;

is

often,

goodness of na-

the round head, which

somewhat

is

depressed on both sides after the fashion of a sphear compassed

about with

its

zodiack.

The

best form of a head

is

moderate, as

greatness and thickness, and of a decent and convenient roundness,

which before and behinde

tempered with a

is

little

com-

pression.

The

brain, one of the noblest parts of the body,

according

is

to the form of the cranium, for if the cranium be corrupted, the

The head of man, hath proportionably more and men have more brains than women, and the head of man hath more joynts than any

brain

is

so too.

brains than

other living creatures

all

;

So the well-formed head

other creature.

is

like a

sphear, there being some eminency before and behinde

of the middle ventricle should be a tative faculty is the

the

man

more notable.

of no judgement

is

little

;

if

mallet or ;

the form

compressed, so the cogi-

If the forepart be depressed,

the hinder, he hath no memory,

having a great weakness in the motion of the nerves, and consequently of

all

The strength of the brain the body and nerves, as also

the parts of the body.

is demonstrated by the strength of by the breadth of the shoulders, the

breast,

and the

lateral parts,

called hypocondres, which are the junctures of the liver to the spleen.

The head which

is

of a

handsom and decent form, aug-

ments the sense and virtue, and denotes in the man magnificence

and honour shall thence

;

but

if

deformed, the contrary

draw are

;

the judgements

we

these.

A

head not beyond measure great, denotes persons fair, wise, and well-conditioned, studious, having a strong and great 1.

memory, given

to the reading of

good books.


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY. Those that have the head out of measure

2.

foolish, indocile,

not far from a

little

115

big, are

madness

:

commonly

they do nothing

that speaks any gentility of spirit, but live sadly in a perpetual

melancholy, or happily gluttony. 3.

"When the head

is

big proportionable to the body, the sinews

of the neck big, and the, neck itself strong,

When

4.

man

a

woman have

or

a pyramid, or sugar

away

a sign of strength,

the head long and sharp like

denotes a

loaf, it

youth had vivacity of years vanished

it is

and a martial humour.

^hojer, magnanimity,

spirit

man

shameless,

many such heads may be

:

who

in his

enough, which at the age of twenty seen amongst us

;

such persons are gluttons and great eaters, rash and bold, which

proceeds from the dryness of the brain. 5.

A head well

composed, and of a good form, according to the

dimensions of the body, and

and well-tempered

the ventricle before be well-formed

if

apprehension of species proceeds

for the

;

from heat and moysture, and the retention proceeds from the draught in the hinder part

;

a head thus formed, signifies good-

ness and wisdom. 6.

A

head having the middle ventricle somewhat compressed

towards the

denotes the cogitative faculty, natural,

sides,

dili-

gently comprehensive, rationative and eloquent, which proceeds

from the union of the

have the head 7.

A head

spirits that are in that place

thus, are learned

that

is

it is,

those

who

altogether spherical, signifies mobility, in-

constancy, forgetfulness, 8.

;

and knowing.

discretion and wisdom.

little

The head very little is necessarily an evil sign and the less the more folly there is the person is subject to sickness, ;

;

because of the small quantity of brains, the ventricles being nar-

row, wherein the spirits being pressed, cannot functions, as being shuf&ed together

comes that their imagination

memory

is

slippery

:

is

exercise their

and smothered

;

whence

it

neither free nor good, and their

such persons are very cholerick, and hasty

like St. Mathurin then Socrates, and are commonly vertiginous, and exceed not fifty-six years at

in all their actions,

and are more

most. 9.

A

head out of measure long, and oblique in the organs,


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

116

denotes impudicity and imprudence, they are like the swine, as

Porta

wearying themselves in the defilement of venereal

says,

actions.

A

10.

head that

luteness

A

11.

low and

is

flat,

denotes impudence and disso-

a head high before, folly and stupdity of

:

head that hath as

of a melancholick

humour

;

were a ditch behinde, and

it

pressed and hollow, denotes a

spirit.

man

this

is

de-

subject to wrathfulness, being

head hath some likeness

to that

of a camell.

A big

12.

head with a broad forehead,

having a large face like a gyant,

it

is like

denotes a

that of an ox,

man

slow, gentle,

yet laborious and extremely indocile. 13.

When

the head

of a middle

size, it

standing, that he

is

is

straight,

denotes that

and almost

man hath

flat in

the middle,

a good strong under-

courageous, and fears nothing as to the affairs

of the world, that he

is

indefatigable in the vicissitudes of fortune,

the afflictions that can happen to him, cannot

and that

all

him quit

his constancy

outrageous accidents

;

and conduct, but if

is

make

firm amidst the most

he have a high forehead, he

is

perfectly

martial."

Having now afforded the reader some insight as it was understood in association with the

into Physiog-

nomy

Stars, centuries before

world,

will be proper to give

it

some account of

d0p$t0|! In

this

science of the

Lavater thrust his phantasies before the its sister

JJÂť

branch of predictive philosophy, as in

The

Stars exercise a potential influence.

the forehead, in the order following

:

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;^

science

all others,

the

planets are placed on

on the upper line near-

est the hair H on the next below $ on the third O on the on the sixth, at the root of the fourth on the fifth and ;

;

;

])

;

'^

;

nose.

The Moon the nose.

rules the left

eyeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; the

Sun, the right

;

and Yenus,


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY.

The

signification of the various forms of the forehead are thus

enumerated by Albertus Magnus

A great

''1.

full

117

:

and spacious forehead

person, that

is

compared

to the

signifies a sluggish

Ox

;

and

fear-

most of those that have

the forehead such, are people of good consciences, not given to

do any hurt, they are very 2.

The

little

fit

become lawyers.

to

forehead denotes the person indocile, wicked, and

given to mischief; believing nothing but his they are compared

among

own

foolish opinions

the beasts to the cat or rat of Pharaoh.

The Emperour Caligula had it so so also was he an epitome of all cruelty and cowardice, and would never believe any person ;

of authority. 3.

The broad forehead

a person gluttonous and

represents

unclean, (especially in the intercourse of the sexes,) as having

somewhat of the nature of the swine shew

flattery, professing in

all

:

such persons are given to

manner of

friendship, but behindo

a man's back they arc his enemies, speaking evil and offensive

whom

words, and scandalous to those

they pretend an affection

Bartholomew Codes of Bulloigne, says, that a forehead great and broad on all sides, without any hair, or as it were, bald, signifies an audacious and understanding person, but someto.

times malicious and very wrathful!, and not legal, and oftimes a

great lyar. 4.

A

forehead pointed at the temples of the head, so as the

bones do almost appear without the stancy, little capacity,

flesh, signifies

and not much resolution

vanity, incon-

in business,

but

changeableness every moment.

somewhat swollen by reason of had jaws or cheeks full of flesh, it denotes the person very courageous and martial, it is one of the marks that a great captain should look 5.

lie that hath the forehead

the thickness of the

flesh,

at the temples, as if he

for in the choice of his soldiers

;

moreover those that have such

foreheads are proud, easily angry, and forward to engage themselves in combats. 6.

imity

A :

nanimos

square forehead denotes, according to Aristotle, magnan-

Quadrata frons (saith he) pro faciei ratione mediocris magostendit oh similitudinem leonis.

Those that have such


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

118

a forehead are courageous as lions, and are compared to them because of their strength, courage and prudence.

He who

7.

and seems as

hath the forehead wrinkled and low in the middle, it

were double in the

say frowning, wherein there

magnanimous

person,

face,

neer the nose, that

a valley or descent,

is

in adversity,

and fortune

is to

a simple

is

very cruel and

is

cross to him. 8.

He

that

is

bald, or hath little hair on the forepart of the

head, having the forehead plain, and

smooth, which the Greeks of the nose, 9. is

He

is

call dsg,uuTiop,

the

unless

skin it

be the superficies

unconstant, wrathfull, and ill-conditioned.

and wrinkled,

that hath the forehead gathered together

a flatterer, and hath somewhat of the nature of a dog

but

flatters,

10.

it is

saith,

et

;

he

for to deceive.

The concave forehead, which hath

pits

and mounts,

signe of fearfulness, deceit, cheating, and ambition.

Aspera fronte ne

haheat j omnia

and

delicate

namque

interdum stultitiam

neque

gaiideas,

signa versutiam

hcec

insaniam

et

wrinkled, and capred forehead,

is

:

is

a

Adamantius

quce fossas

monticulos

et infidelifafem

nimciant.

he which hath a frowning, of a Saturnine

humour and

melancholick, and denotes one that thinks more than he speaks,

Such a one

premeditating his conceptions before he effects them.

was Philip Melancthon these persons are of a gentle humour and familiar conversation if the person be very rich, the greater ;

;

is

the melancholy. 12.

minde

A

clear forehead without wrinkles, signifies a fairness of

as well as of body, but

debates, suits,

and contentions

have not much devotion that Epicurus had 13.

all,

the most part that have

it so,

the great Sidonius Apolliiiaris saith,

;

it so.

A forehead neither

but between

a malicious disposition given to :

strait,

signifies

nor lean, nor smooth, nor rough,

a round-dealing friendship without

deceit or circumvention. 14.

The cloudy

boldness

;

forehead, and having black

and such persons are likened

to bulls

marks, signifies

and

lions,

who

are in perpetual choler. 15.

Those who have much carnosity about the

eyes, so that


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY. their eye-brows

hang down

119

like those of hounds, are fraudulent,

deriving their cruelty from beasts of

cruel],

and unmercifull

prey.

Selymus, the emperour of the Turks had them

was is

;

cruel, bold, a great, indefatigable,

Duke

said also that Charles,

A forehead,

16.

and

Burgundy had them

It

so too.

that upon the first sight appears sad, severe

austere, shews a strange

and barbarous humour, prone

to

Such are the Arabians, Cannibals, Anthropophagi,

all cruelties.

people that

of

and he

so,

and severe warriour.

know no

pitty

;

if it

happen they be of a melancho-

own

lick humour, they are likely to devour their saith a learned author, "

of that humour,

who was

Which

children,

as

I have myself observed in one

His name was

executed at Eureux.

Taurin, living neer a town called Le Ventes,

who transported

with madness and cruelty, had eaten his own children

there

;

were some thought him wizard, which was not true, it being only folly seconded by melancholy and solitude had transported him to that

son

depressed and low forehead, denotes an effeminate per-

this

;

that

inhumane action."

A

17.

kinde of forehead suits well with a

is so,

hath a low and abject

great talker, for there is

The dity,

is

not much assurance in their words, yet

man

that he

of.

lines of the forehead

have longitude, latitude and profun-

and begin at one temple and end towards the other

which

lines

by

which

;

those veins are Planetary.

the

;

good

their aspect, represent unto us the evil or

fortune of the person line is that

man

for a

soul, is fearfull, servile, effemi-

overcome by the speech of the most simple

stands in fear

;

and carried away with the many words of a

nate, cowardly,

he

woman

A Planetary

referred to some of the Planets, which are

is

placed on the forehead, as

is

before mentioned

:

but because that

in all foreheads there doth not appear perfectly all the lines, shall

draw our more

and Moon which

particular judgments from those of the

infallibly

appear on

all

foreheads

;

upon the

eye-brows, that of the Sun upon the right, and that of the

on the

left

the lines, first

we

Sun

Moon

more easie to judge of those who have all some having them more apparent, others less. The ;

but

it

is

line which, is that of Saturn, appears neer the hair

;

that


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

120 â&#x20AC;˘wMcli

under

is

it

Jupiter's, the third belongs to Mars, the

is

other four are in the superficies of the forehead, as the Sun and

Moon upon

Yenus above it between the eyes. So there you have the number of the planets observed, and them placed according to the celestial Saturn highest, Jupiter next, then Mars, the Sun under rule Mars, Yenus fifth. Mercury under her, and the Moon near the left eye-brow, and the Sun at the right, and Yenus at the root of the nose and by these places we are shewed the analogy and proportion which there is between the great and little world, even the eyes, Mercury neer the grissell of the nose,

;

;

as experience confirms

it,

and reason demonstrates these motions,

being like those of the heavens

;

the nose and the bone of the

Yertex being the imaginary poles whereon these planets move. In these lines

we must

marks of the

as

observe

planets,

the.

temperaments, and of man's

we

also

know

characters which are given them

and are the most that

life,

infallible signs of the

we can

discover

the duration and length thereof.

crosses, circles, warts,

whereby

These marks are

and such like characters, which commonly

are found in men's foreheads

which veins they are

;

;

;

and

it

is

to be considered

for without doubt, the

man

somewhat from that planet where the character

shall derive

shall be, rather

The significations of the planetary are either general, when they are accommodated to all the of the planets, or special. The general significations of the than from any other.

of the planets,

1.

Of

afi'ord

us these canons

upon

and aphorisms

lines

lines lines

:

the lines of the planets either all in general, or each in

some are fortunate, others unfortunate

particular,

are fortunate, are those which are the nose,

if

strait,

:

those which

or bend a little towards

they be equal, continued, and not dissected, nor dis-

tracted, nor barred in like obelisks. 2.

Those that are not well placed and unfortunate, are those

that are

much winding, approaching a

semi-circle, globe, or

obelisk. 3.

Simple and

straight

lines

denote a

simple,

good, and

honest soul, without any malice. 4.

The

oblique,

inflexed,

and sometimes the distorted

lines


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY. denote variety

craft, cheating, to

:

he short,

all

121 mischief and

deceit.

right line of the forehead be oblique, that

5. If the

side attributed to the Sun, 6. If

on the

malice.

the veins of the masculine planets look toTvards the left

and be plain

side,

it signifies

is,

and

;

that of Mercury, -vrhich

if

is

sometimes

masculine and sometimes feminine, look towards the feminines in the same manner,

Many

7.

denotes nothing but

it

lines signifie

evil.

nothing else but a multitude of change-

able affairs.

The fewness and

8.

simplicity of the lines, denotes a certain

simplicity in affairs. 9.

When

great

the lines encrease and decrease, they represent some

according as the character of the planets shall

affair,

denote. 10. Jupiter's line being

mean and

reflected,

shews some great

and happy gain with honour and good report.

The general the special lines, as

1. If

we

;

significations of the planets

that

is to say,

said, or

most commonly include

some planets are referred

to certain

judged of them.

the lines be great and not winding, long (especially that

of Saturn and Jupiter, as also those of Saturn and Mars

;)

and

very apparent, they denote most exorbitant and mischievous actions. 2. If

the line of Jupiter be longer than that of Saturn,

it

de-

notes riches, and all other things that are obtained by Jupiter. 3. If

the line of

Mars exceed the

chooses souldiers observe

it

;

others, let the captain that

for those that are so, are great

by the war and especially, if there be a cross upon that line, and not a semi-circle, it speaks a very cholerick humour, and a good warriours, and have no other ambition then to raise a fortune ;

fortune by following Bellona. 4.

A line broken or

discontinued, especially that of Saturn and

Mars, denotes misfortune in war. 5. If

two

lines,

or three, be in the place of Mercury, and if they

be apparent and straight, simple and equal, they denote the peraon eloquent and wise, and very honest.


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

122 6. If

there be

more than three

lines,

and be

straight,

and

ben^i-

ing at the extremity, they signifie loquacity, prating, detraction, deceit, inconstancy, lying, simulation, 7. If

tive, abusive,

arts, 8.

and dissimulation. woman, she

the lines be such in the forehead of a

knowing some

Two

is

talka-

prating, a scold, a sorceress, given to unlawfuU foolish verses, uselsss in incantation.

or three lines being at the root of the nose and cut in

the middle, signifie a lascivious person, and one

much transported

with that vice. 9.

The

line of the

Sun being

perfect,

long enough, and not

in-

terrupted or. cut, signifies honours and riches given by Kings and Princes. 10.

The Moon

left eye,

line being clear, distinct

signifies

much

and perfect above the

travel into strange nations,

and some

abode by the way.

The following engravings with the explanations which accompany them, are from a book on Metoposcopy, published la London in 1609, and will afford some information to the reader as to the indications of the planetary lines on the

The Line of Jupiter so crooked denotes xiches obtained by fraud and violence.

human brow.

Such a forehead denotes wealth and several wives.


PHYSIOGNOMY AND METOPOSCOPY.

This position of the Lines shows a courageous, bold stant,

The Lines

and uncertain

of the

These lines denote the person happy

and fortunate.

yet incon-

spirit,

riches.

Sun and Moon thus

A circle

joined, denotes a person very fortunate.

The

subjects

of

123

Physiognomy and

in the Line of Jupiter

indicates loss of riches.

Metoposcopy, might be

readily extended over a larger space than has been here accorded

them

;

but their salient points and the indicia upon which vheir

predictions are based, have been as fully dwelt upon as

sary or would be interesting in a popular treatise.

is

neces-


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

124

Such

lines

have the

signification of

misfortune, and sundry hurtful

The

illustrations, too,

would be

useless, as the

falls.

Such a Line of Jupiter signifies riches, prudence and good nature.

might be nmltiplied, ad

infinitum^ but it

same general rules apply in

all cases.


mmi

mm

Šf %.§n&i'sm-


THE

ihln ยงxl^hx af

If

we consider Astrology, what we may easily believe the

study,

and other

Josephus

was instructed

command

^

truly

is,

a legal and virtuous

its

antiquity and

to his expulsion

from Paradise,

historians,

Adam, previous

divine origin.

it

accounts transmitted to us by

concerning

in a foreknowledge of futurity,

by the express

of God, as a means of enlarging his mind, and allevia-

ting his distress, upon being turned adrift into the wide world.

Josephus, an historian of character and eminence,

who quotes

most ancient authors of respectability for what he firms the

same thing, and further informs

us, that

his death, instructed his son Seth in this science,

engraved the rudiments of

it

upon peraianeut

the

asserts, con-

Adam

before

who afterwards pillars of stone,

which endured through many generations, and were not entirely effaced till some time after the Deluge. We have it from the

same authority, that the art was taught by Enos and Noah, who preserved it to the days of Abraham, and he increased the knowledge of

it

by divine

aids,

teaching

it

to the

Chaldeans

and

have patronized and taught it in Egypt, and is supposed by Origin, Diodorus Siculus, and other ancient historians, to have been the author of an astrological Egyptians.

work,

Joseph

called.

is

also said to

The Aphorisms of Hermes the Egyptian.

Moses

independent of the

gift of

afterwards taught and professed

it,

prophecy, which always came by Divine inspiration, and conse-


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

128

.

quently was only exercised upon certain extraordinary occasions.

From that

we are told, the Prophets and Seers had was afterwards particularly taught among the

Moses, it

who

Issachar,

and

are on that account stiled in the sacred writings,

Men who

had understanding in

resolving

all questions

the times,

and were expert at and as this tribo

concerning futurity

;

were neither priests nor Levites, nor endued with the prophecy,

it^;

tribe of

spirit of

follows that their understanding in the times, and

it

their ability in foretelling future events, arose entirely

from an

acquired knowledge of the signs and influences of the heavenly bodies. For the same reason the Persian astrologers were called Mages, or Wise men, who wei-e skilled in the times; and the Chal-

deans termed their young students in Astrology,

Men

skilled in

loisdom and cunning science, to learn the learning of the Chaldeans. ~

And

after the

logy, Daniel,

structed in

all

by

Chaldean method of studying the science of

astro-

and Shadrach, and Mesech, and Abednego were

and became

their tutor Melzar,

ten times

matters of wisdom and understanding, than

in the realm, in consideration of

in-

more learned

all the astrologers

which they were elected members

of the public schools at Babylon, which were founded for the

study of this art

;

and Daniel was made, by the King's

decree,

Master over the Chaldean astrologers. In the days of Samuel,

tom

to go to the Seers, or

appears to have been a

it

men

common

cus-

of understanding in the times, not

only to be informed concerning future contingencies, but also to inquire after lost goods.

To

this effect

we

find Saul

and

his ser-

vant discoursing, when they were sent out to find the strayed asses of Kish, Saul's father

;

and not being able

to find them, the

servant proposes to go and inquire of the Seer, which asses this,

were gone, and where they may be found. but asks, What have we

to

give

him

?

we have no bread

have we any sufficient present.

The servant

part of a shekel of silver;

give

said, let

us go.

I'll

him

replies,

that.

way

the

Saul agrees to left,

nor

I have a fourth

Saul answers. Well

This passage enables us to distinguish between

the gift of prophecy, for the purposes of establishing God's true religion,

and the art of answering horary questions, and predictThe one was evidently effected by supernatu-

ing future events.


THE DIVINE ORIGIN OF ASTROLOGY. ral means,

and promulgated

129

to the people without expense; whilst

the other, by being calculated for the benefit of respective indi-

was always accompanied with money or presents. In the same way we find David, while in Keilah, where he heard that Saul was coming to besiege him, was desirous of knowing the truth, whether Saul was coming or not and if he was, viduals,

;

Whether the men of Keilah would he true to him, or would betray him. being informed they would betray him into the hands of the

And

enemy, who were seeking his

life,

he

fled into the wilderness of

Ziph, and

escaped the danger that was impending over him.

And

New

in the

Testament

also,

we have

frequent confirmations

of the meteorological part of this science, from our

own words,

in his conversation with the Pharisees,

versed in Astrology.

He

evening, ye say,

red

and in the morning

is

;

red and lowering.

efi'ect

it

When

a cloud ariseth out of the west,

straightway ye say, a shower cometh

Ye

:

all

will be foul weather, because the sky

And when

;

and

it is

so.

ye see the south wind blow, ye say. There will be heat

comes to pass.

"

will be fair weather, because the sky is

it is

it

addresses them to this

Saviour's

who were

And when ;

and

so it

hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky,

but the signs-of the times ye cannot discern."

And

now,

if

we

impartially contemplate the origin and antiquity of this science,

and

recollect' that; the best

world, were professors of

highly consistent with

all

it,

and wisest men in every age of the, we must admit its practice to be

our moral and religious duties.

That the human understanding

is

also capable of attaining to a

very high degree of knowledge in the hidden works of futurity,

and

in the secret operations of nature, is likewise to be proved,

beyond the power of contradiction. Indeed the passages already quoted from the holy Scriptures, are a sufficient confirmation of it to every dispassionate reader but as there are some very extra;

ordinary instances of this predictive faculty, recorded by different historians, it

may be

well to mention a few of them, by

corroborating the evidence already brought forward in

its

way

of

support.

The Emperor Domitian required the Professor Largius Proculus, to calculate his nativity, from the supposed time of his birth,

which was done, and delivered into the emperor's own hands. 9


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGT.

130

Asclatarius, a most famous astrologer of those times, procuring it, and foretold the hour and manner of the emperor's death which when Domitian heard, he commanded Asclatarius to be brought before him, when he affirmed his predictions would prove true. Domitian asked him if he could foretell the manner of his own death ? Asclatarius

a copy of this nativity, rectified ;

knew he should

replied that he

by dogs

shortly be torn in pieces

;

but to confute the astrologer, the emperor ordered him to be

The cruel sentence was accordingly put in execuwas bound and laid upon the pile, and the fire but at that instant, there arose a dreadful storm of wind

burnt alive. tion

;

the body

kindled

and fire

;

which drove the spectators away, and extinguished the

rain, ;

and Asclatarius was afterwards torn in pieces by dogs, as

When

he had foretold.

was greatly

event, he

Latinus informed the emperor of this

mortified,

and very melancholy

;

and on

the day his assassination had been predicted, he feigned himself indisposed, and locked himself up in his chamber.

Stephanus,

the captain of his guard, went to his door, pretending he had

received some important dispatches, which he wanted to deliver

him but Domitian declining to admit him till a certain hour was past, Stephanus persuaded him it was then much later than The emperor, in consequence, concluding the the time specified. danger to have passed by with the hour, or looking upon the prediction as a mere fable, seeing no conspiracy or danger about him, opened the door, upon which Stephanus stept up to him with a drawn dagger, and stabbed him to the heart, in the very hour that had been predicted by the astrologer, on the 18th day of September, the month he had ordered to be called Germanicus. The same writers add, that Apollonius Tyaneus was at to'

;

that instant of time at Ephesus, standing in the presence of the magistrates,

and in a kind of ecstacy, cried

strike the tyrant

killed him.

;

and

its

Stephanus,

This art of rectifying nativities, was a discovery

which brought the science bled

out,

after a pause, added, 'Tis well, thou hast

to very high perfection,

and has ena-

professors to be astonishingly exact in predictions of

consequence.

Eomulus'

life,

Thus Lucius Tarutius Firmianus, by the acts of and the time of his death, found that he was born


THE DIVINE OEIGIN OP ASTROLOGY.

131

in the first year of the second Olympiad, the twenty-third day of

And hence he discovered that Rome was begun when the Moon was in Libra,

the monthj about sunrising.

the

building of

the

Sun with Mercury, and Yenus in Taurus, Jupiter in Pisces, and Saturn with Mars in Scorpio. The Archbishop of Pisa consulted several different professors of Astrology concerning his destiny,

and they

all

calculated his nativity at different times, and with-

out any communication with one another

;

but they

all foretold

him he would be hanged. It seemed highly incredible at the time, because he was in ^o much honor and power but the event for in the sedition of Pope Sextus lY. justified the predictions in the sudden rage and uproar of the people, he was seized and hanged. Petrus Leontius, a celebrated physician and astrologer ;

;

of Spoletanum, cast his

own

nativity,

would be occasioned by water, and "was found

drowned

and foretold that his death

many

years afterwards he

which he had

in a pond, into

ceding night, by mistaking his way.

Josephus

fallen the pre-

tells us

he cast

the nativities of Yespasian, and his son Titus, and predicted that

they would both be emperors

;

and so

it

turned out.

R. Cervinus

calculated the nativity of his son Marcellus, and foretold that he

should come to great preferment and dignity in the church his

;

and

mother afterwards entreating him to marry one Cassandra

Benna, he very resolutely declined

it,

saying, he

would not with

the bands of matrimony, bind himself from that better fortune

which the

stars

and unmarried.

had promised him,

And

if

he continued to live single

he was afterwards really made Pope.

Picus

Mirandula was a severe writer against Astrology, insomuch that

he was termed, Flagellum Astrologorum

and

;

to stop the malig-

nity of his pen, Lucius Bellantius, and two other astrologers of

eminence, procured the time of his birth, and calculated his nativity,

which they afterwards sent him, with this prediction inThat he would die in the thirty-third year of his age."

closed, "

This exasperated him so much, that he began to write a new tract,

with inconceivable asperity, against- the poor astrologers,

attempting to prove their calculations a mere bubble, and themselves a set of impostors. arrived, he

saw the

But when the

folly of his

own

fatal appointed

conceits

;

hour

recanted his


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

132

opinion, and sealed rability

by

and truth of

his death, a standing

this science.

Many

memorial of the

iner-

other extraordinary

cir-

cumstances of the kind might be related from different authors,

were

it

when

not obvious that the intellectual faculties of man,

cultivated by study, and improved by observation and experience, are capable of attaining a very extensive degree of knowledge

and

skill in this art.

The

old writers on Astrology and

Magic give voluminous

direc-

and plants at certain periods during the waxing and waning of the Moon but the more modern professors of the art, for the most part reject these formulas and tions for gathering herbs

;

rely rather

upon the nature of the plants themselves, and upon

the predominating stellar influences at the time their juices are

expressed and prepared for use, for the efQcacy of the various vegetable medicines used in Astrological Pharmacy.

An

English Astrologer

who

published a

iu IGVl, insists in his preface thereto, that

work on Chiromancy any plant bearing a

resemblance to a portion of the human frame, diseases of the

member which

it is

assimilated

is

to.

a specific for the

He gives

seve-

ral illustrations of his opinion, a few of which, modernized from

the quaint and somewhat coarse language of the book, are cited

below.

How

far facts will bear out the doctrine of affinities laid

down

by the author, the reader can ascertain by experiment. " Maiden Hair and the Moss of Quinces resemble the fibres of the head. Hence a decoction thereof is good for baldness. Plants resembling the figure of the heart are comforting thereto.

Therefore the

Citron-apple,

Fuller's

Thistle,

Spikenard,


OF MEDICINAL HERBS.

'

Balm, Mint, White-beet, Parsley, and Motlierwort,

"wliich.

133

bear in

leaves and roots a heart-like form are congenial to that organ.

Herbs that simulate the shape of the lungs, as Sage, Lungwort, Hounds-tongue and Camphrej, are good for pulmonary complaints.

Vegetable productions like in figure to the

ears, as the leaves

of Folefoot or wild Spikenard rightly prepared as a conserve and eaten,

improve the hearing and memory.

shells of sea-snails,

wonderfully to the cure of deafness.

ears, also tends

When

Oil extracted from the

which have the turnings and curvature of the

plants resemble the nose in their configuration, as the

leaves of the

Wild Water Mint

;

they are beneficial in restoring

the sense of smell.

Certain plants having a semblance of the or ^Heartwort, Ladies' Seal or Briony,

womb

<fec.,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

as Birthwort

conduce much to a

safe accouchement.

Shrubs and Herbs like unto the bladder and gall are excellent for those parts

;

as Night-shade,

Alkakenge and JVux

Visicaria.

These relieve the gravel and stone.

Herbs formed pins, are

human

like the milt, as Miltwort, Spleenwort,

recommended

and Lu-

for the strengthening of that part of the

viscera.

Plants that are liver-shaped, as the herb Trinity, Liverwort,

Agarick, Fermitory and Figs, are efficacious in bilious diseases.

Walnuts, Indian Nuts, Leeks and the root of Ragwort, because of their form, are said

and prevent

when duly prepared

to further generation

sterility.

Herbs and Seeds,

in shape like the teeth, as Toothwort, Pine

Kernel, &c., preserve the dental organization.

Plants of knobbed form, like the knuckles or joints, as Galingale and the Knotty Odoriferous rush (Calamus,) are good for spinal complaints, renal diseases, foot gout, all joint

knee swellings, and

pains whatsoever.

Oily vegetable products, as the Filbert, Walnut, Almond,

tend to fatness of body.

who take them

;

<fec.,

Plants naturally lean^ emaciate those

as Sarsaparilla or long-leaved Rosa Solie.

Fleshy plants make

flesh

for the

eaters

;

for

instance the


THE MYSTEEIES OP ASTKOLOGY.

134

Certain plants fortify and brace

Onion, Leek and Colewort. the nerves

;

for example, the Sensitive plant. Nettles, the roots

of Mallorus, the herb JYeuras, &g.

The same

are to be used as

outward applications.

Herbs milky and the

in their substance propagate milk

fruit of the

Almond and Fig

as Lettuce

;

trees.

Plants of a serous nature purge the noxious humors between the flesh

and the

skin, as

Spurge and Scamony.

Herbs whose acidity turns milk to curd, are said to lead Such are Gallium, and the seeds of Spurge.

to

procreation.

Those semples that obstruct the coagulation of milk, as Rue

mixed with Cummin, knotted in

it, if

will relieve a sore breast

when

the milk

is

applied thereto.

Plants that are hollow, as the stalks of Grain, Reeds, Leeks, Garlick, &c., are good to purge, open and soothe the hollow parts

of the body."

The following from

"

Hermeppus Redivivus/' a work now out

method of preparing the famous Elixir OP Life. This supposed specific for the renewal and perpetuation of youth and beauty, was sought for dujnng the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries with as much avidity as of print, prescribes the

the philosopher's stone, which the

alchemists believed would,

like the touch of Midas, change all

meaner substances into the

regal metal

Gold.

^\t Jfam0u$ ^li^ir

of

%iit.

PEEPARED FROM BALM.

"

In the proper season of the year, when the herb

growth, and, consequently, at the fittest time of the clean,

and pick

it

;

is

at its full

whole vigor, gather quantity of balm, wipe it

its juices in their

day a

then put

it

sufficient

in a stone mortar, and,

rious beating, reduce it into a thin pap.

by labo-


THE FAMOUS ELIXIR OF "

Take

this glutinous

a bolt-head, which in a dunghill, or

is

135

LIFE.-

and odoriferous substance and put

to be hermetically sealed,

some gentle heat equivalent

it

into

and then place thereto,

where

it it

must digest for forty days. "

When it

is

taken out, the matter will appear clearer than ever,

and have a quicker

scent.

Then

separate the grosser parts, which,

however, are not to be thrown away. tle bath,

Put

that the remaining gross particles

this liquid into a gen-

may

perfectly subside.

In the meantime, dry calcine, and extract the fixed salt of the grosser parts, separated as before mentioned, which fixed salt to

be joined to the liquor when

"Next take

sea salt, well purified,

in a cold place,

it

will run,

is

filtrated.

melt

it,

and, by setting

it

Take

and become clear and limpid.

equal parts of both liquors, mi:^ them thoroughly, and having hermetically sealed them in a proper glass, let them be carefully

exposed to the sun, in the warmest season of the year, for about

At

the end of this space, the

primum

balm swimming on the top like a bright green oil, which is be carefully separated and preserved. Of this oil, a few drops

six weeks.

ens of the

will appear

to

taken in a glass of wine for several days together, will bring to

Desmond human body,

pass those wonders that are reported of the Countess of

and others

;

for

it

will entirely change the juices of the

reviving the decaying frame of long

lost

life, a7id

restoring the spirits of

youths

The author who records this curious and wonderful discovery, Remarks, " If after the medicine is thus prepared, any doubt be had of its efiicacy, or of its manner of operation, let a few drops be given every day on raw meat to any old dog or cat, and in less

than a fortnight, by the changing of their coats and other

incontestable changes, the virtue of this preparation will

suffici-

ently appear."

This

is

the preparation of

balm which Mr. Boyle (the celebraand in which he tells us that

ted chemist) mentions in his works

;

Le Fevre" gave him an account of it, " in the presence of a famous physician, and another virtuoso, to whom he applied, as

^^Dr.

knowing the truth of what he said, that an intimate friend of whom," says Mr. Boyle, " he named to me, having prepared

his,

the


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

136

primum made a

ens of balm, to satisfy trial

scription, for

Mmself the better of

its

effects,

upon himself, and took of it according to the preabove a fortnight long before Tvhich, his nails, both

of his hands and

;

feet,

(but without pain.)

began

Tv^hich, at

to loosen themselves

from the

skin,

length, falling off of their OTvn ac-

cord, this gentleman keeps, yet by him in a box for a rarity but would not pursue the trill any farther, being satisfied with what he had found, and being in no need of such physic but having ;

;

given of the same medicated wine, for ten or twelve days, to a

woman

that served in his house, and

of age, without letting her

who was near seventy years

know what he

expected

it

would do,

the peculiar signs of youth in females became so apparent that

she was alarmed, and he did not prosecute the experiment any

And when

why he made no was answered, that though he had but little of the medicine, yet he put apart an old hen, and moisteniug her food with some drops of it for a week, about the sixth day she began to moult her feathers by degrees till she became stark naked ; but before a fortnight was passed, she began to regain others, which, when they were come to their full growth, appeared farther. trials

fair

upon

beasts, it

and better coloured than at

And he laid

I asked," says Mr. Boyle, "

added,

'â&#x20AC;˘'

first."

that besides that her crest

more eggs than she was wont

was

to do before."

raised, she also


m^^tipยฃยง, a^seseiis,

&c.


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES IN RELATIO]V TO

Among

the nations of

all

tlie

earth, civilized

or barbarous,

Christian or Pagan, and in all ages of the "world's history of

which we have any knowledge, a belief existed. is

It

is

a part of

human

something above and beyond

in the supernatural has

We

nature.

ences and will finally control our destiny taliti/,

all feel

this material world, ;

and a

that there

which

seiise

influ-

of immor-

which the subtle and plausible arguments of materialism

cannot overcome, apprehensions

thrills

when they

even the most skeptical with fearful reflect

on the phenomena of

life

and

death.

The followiag pages

are submitted to the reader as containing

proofs of the influence exercised by superhuman agencies over

mundane

affairs,

which no one who recognizes as true the laws

which the greatest logicians have laid down

ment of

truth,

can possibly deny.

for the ascertain-

It is not claimed that all the

wonderful statements grouped together in this department of the

work, are authentic in

all their details

;

but

it is

claimed that

the mass of unimpeachable testimony here adduced of the reality of a visible, audible, demonstrable connexion between the material

and the immaterial world, establishes the existence of such a

connexion beyond

all

rational doubt.


ยง^\\m,

tlje

Sliklj-fiiiber,

]p Wuiim.

itnir

FROM AN OLD RECOED.

In the spring of 1645 several

witclies

were seized at Manningtree

One

England and were subsequently condemned and hanged.

in

of these

was an old woman named Elizabeth Clarke, and the most important

was " Matthew Hopkins, of Manningtree, gent."

witness against her

It

appears that Hopkins had watched with her several nights in a room in the house of a Mr. Edwards, in which she was confined, to keep her from sleeping until she

made a

He

her familiars.

confession,

among

declared,

and to

see

if.

she were visited

by

other things, that on the night of

the 24th of March, which appears to have been the third night of watching, after

he had refused to

let

her call one of her imps or familiars, she

confessed that about six or seven years before, she self to

the devil,

Soon

with a laced band."

in the legs, in color white,

after this a little

dog appeared,

fat

and short it

She confessed that

it

named

of her imps

her-

with sandy spots, which when he hindered

from approaching her, vanished from his sight.

was one

had surrendered

to her in the form of " a proper gentleman,

who came

Immediately after

Jarniara.

this

had

dis-

appeared, another came in the form of a greyhound, which she called

Tinegar

"And

Tom

;

and

it

was followed by another

this informant further saith, that

Mr. Edwards

to his

own

in the

form of a polecat.

going from the house of the said

house, about nine or ten o'clock of the night

with his greyhound with him, he saw the greyhound suddenly give a

jump, and run as she had been the informant

made

in full course after

haste to sec

what

he espied a white thing about the standing aloof from

it

;

and

his

a hare

;

and that when

greyhound so eagerly pursued,

size of

a kitten, and the greyhound

that, by-and-by, the said white

imp or kitten


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGY.

140

danced about the said greyhound and by

likelihood bit a piece of the

all

the greyhound came shrieking and crying

flesh of her shoulder, for

informant further saith, that coming into his

own yard that

espied a black thing proportioned like a cat, only sitting

on a strawberry bed, and fixing

when he went toward

it, it

it

was

to

this

night, he

thrice as big,

eyes on this informant; and

its

leaped over the pale toward this informant,

greyhound after

as he thought, bnt ran quite through the yard with his it

And

from her shoulder.

this informant with a piece of the flesh torn

which was underset with a pair of turnbuU-strings,

to a great gate

and did throw the said gate wide open, and then vanished greyhound returned again to

this

and the said

;

informant shaking and trembling ex-

Hopkins had not ventured to remain alone with the witch,

ceedingly."

but had with him John Sterne, who also added "gentleman" to his

name, and who confirmed

that Hopkins had said, deposed to the

all

coming of the imps, and added that the third imp was called Sack-and-

They watched

Sugar.

at night with another

West, and saw her imps

in the

woman, named Rebecca She stated that the

same manner.

first

time she saw Satan he came to her at night, told her he must be her

husband, and married her.

The

severe treatment to which the accused

were exposed, forced confessions from them guilty of every species of mischief,

the spoiling of milk. fantastic.

ingly,

The names and forms

Rebecca Jones, a witch from

met a man

in

a ragged

suit

human

life

to

of their imps were equally

St, Osythe's, said that she

had

with great eyes, that terrified her exceed-

and that he gave her three things

which she fed with milk.

and they avowed being

all,

from the taking away of

like

moles but without

Another had an imp

tails,

form of a white

in the

dog, which she called Elimanzer, and which she fed with milk pottage.

One had

three imps, which she called Prick-ear, Jack, and Frog.

ral witnesses, poor

and ignorant people, were brought

A countryman

mischief which had been done by these means. related how, passing at day

Anne West, he was and looking

in

in his it

hands

like

gravely

by the house of one of the women, named

surprised to find her door open at that early hour,

he saw three or four things

which ran after him.

Seve-

to testify to the

He

seized

upon

it,

and

like

black rabbits, one of

tried to kill

it,

but

it

seemed

a piece of wool, and stretched out in length as he pulled

without any apparent injury.

Then

recollecting that there

spring near at hand, he hurried thither and attempted to

vanished from his sight as soon as he put returned toward the house and seeing

it

drown

in the water.

Anne West standing

it,

was a but

He

it

then

outside the


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. door

smock,

in her

asked

lie

This seems to have been the

141

"

why

she sent her imps to torment him.

first

appearance of Matthew Hopkins as

a witch-finder, for which he afterward became notorious, and which he

now assumed

He

as a legal profession.

proceeded in a regular circuit

through SuS'olk, Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Huntingdon, accompanied

by John Sterne and a woman whose business

them

it

was to examine the

In August 1645, we find

bodies of the females in search of their marks.

at Bury, in Suffolk, where, on the 2tth of that month, no less than

eighteen witches were executed at once, and a hundred and twenty more

were to have been

tried,

but a sudden movement of the king's troops in

Some

that direction obliged the judges to adjourn the session.

imps here appeared

They were mostly employed

of snails. his wife

two

in petty offences

more

it

man and

one

Others, however, confessed to have caused mischief

stink.

One woman

serious character.

children

by

the devil,

declared she had conceived

" but as soon as she was delivered of them,

they ran away in most horrid, long ugly shapes." victim of this inquisition at Bury,

who had been

The most remarkable

was an aged clergyman named Lowes,

vicar of Brandeston, near Framlingham, in that county fifty

years, a well-known

opponent of the new church government.

we are told by Sterne, one common imbanator, and for grand jury found the

of the inquisitors, "

bill for

with, or rather above

covenanted with the

a

common imbanator, who now,

familiars or spirits,

God, the

devil,

This man,

had been indicted

for

a

witchcraft above thirty years before, and the

was found with the marks, confessed that

did

;

were guilty only of having bewitched the beer in a brewhouse

and making of a

of the

the shape of snakes, wasps and hornets, and even

in

it

he

in pride of heart to be equal

devil took

and sealed

after

advantage of him, and he

with his blood, and had those

which sucked on the marks found on his body, and

much harm both by

sea and land, especially by sea, for he confessed

that he being at Lungarfort, in Suffolk, where he preached, as he walked

upon the wall

there, he

saw a great

sail

of ships pass by, and that, as

they were sailing by, one of his three imps, namely, his yellow one, forth-

with appeared to him and asked him what he should do, and he bade it

go and sink such a

ship,

one that belonged to Ipswich, so he confessed

that the imp went forthwith away, and he stood ships,

and perceived that ship to be immediately

danger than the rest

;

for

still

in

and viewed the

more trouble and

he said the water was more boisterous near

that than the rest, tumbling up and

down with waves, and soon

sunk directly down into the sea, when

all

after it

the rest sailed on in safety;


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

142 then

made

confessed, he

lie

When

asked

fonrteen widows in one quarter of an hour.

many men cast away in a "Xo; he was joyful to see what power He was hanged, in 1645, at Bury St. Edmund's.

if it

did not grieve him to see so

short time, he swore by his Maker,

Ms imps

had."

FEOM A CELEBRATED GERMAN AriHOE. The

facts

upon which the following most extraordinary narrative

is

based, are recorded in writing in the archives of the Police Department at Xaples.

" Antonelli, an

Her

opera-singer,

youth, beauty and

was she

deficient

in

was the

favorite of the Xeapolitan public.

talents, insured her applause

on the stage

;

nor

any quality that could render her agreeable to a

She was not

small circle of friends.

indifferent to either love or praise

;

but her discretion was such as to enable her to enjoy both with becoming

Every young man of rank or fortune

dignity.

be numbered among her suitors reception chiefly

;

and though she was,

by her eyes and her

bility of character, that

ferent to her favors.

on terms of the ral years

number

:

few, however,

in

Kaples was eager to

met with a favorable

choice of her lovers, directed

in the

heart, she displayed

on

all

occasions a sta-

never failed to engage even such as were

indif-

I had frequent opportunities of seeing her, being

closest intimacy with one of her favored admirers.

Seve-

were now elapsed, and she had become acquainted with a

of gentlemen,

many

of

whom had

rendered themselves disgusting

by the extreme levity and fickleness of their manners.

She had repeat-

edly observed young gentlemen, whose professions of constancy and at-

tachment would persuade their mistress of the impossibility of their ever

was

deserting her, withhold their protection in those very cases where

it

most needed

of rid-

;

or

what

is

stUl worse,

incited

by the temptation

ding themselves of a troublesome connexion, she had known them give advice which entailed misery and ruin.

Her acquaintance

been of such a nature as to leave her mind

inactive.

hitherto

had

She now began

to feel a desire to which she bad before been a stranger.

She wished


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

whom

143

she might communicate her most secret

to possess

a friend to

thoughts

and happily, just at that time, she found one among those

;

who surrounded

and who seemed

her, possessed of every quality,

worthy of her confidence.

respect,

Genoese, and resided at

JS'aples for the

in every

gentleman was by birth a

This

purpose of transacting some com-

mercial business of great importance for the house with which he was

In possession of good parts, he had in addition received a

connected.

His knowledge was extensive

very finished education.

had been bestowed on

body than on

his

He

his mind.

and no

;

care

less

was inspired with

the commercial spirit natural to his countrymen, and considered mercantile affairs

on a grand

enviable

his

lations,

;

His situation was, however, not the most

scale.

house had unfortunately been drawn into hazardous specu-

which were afterwards attended with expensive law

grew

state of his affairs

daily

more

iutricate,

produced gave him an

air of seriousness,

not to his disadvantage

;

his friendship, rightly

for it

The

suits.

and the uneasiness thereby

which

was

in the present case

encouraged our young heroine to seek

judging that he himself stood in need of a friend.

Hitherto he had seen her only occasionally, and at places of public resort

she now, on his

:

request, granted

first

him access

to her house

;

she even invited him very pressingly, and he was not remiss in accepting

She

her invitation. wishes,

no time in making him' acquainted with her

lost

and the confidence she reposed

always remain her

was surprised and

in the request that he

might

and never shade that sacred name with the

friend,

She made him acquainted with some

ambiguous claims of a lover.

which then perplexed

culties

He

in him.

She was urgent

rejoiced at the proposal.

and on which

her,

his experience

diffi-

would

enable him to give the best advice, and propose the most speedy means for her relief.

her his

own

In return for situation

;

this confidence

he did not

fail

to disclose to

and her endeavors to soothe and console him

were, in reality, not without a beneficial consequence, as they served to

put him

and

mind

in that state of

effect.

so necessary for acting with deliberation

Thus a friendship was

in

a short time cemented, founded on

the most exalted esteem, and on the consciousness that each was necessary to the well-being of the other.

make agreements without their conditions.

He

had promised

think of her as a mistress tified

was

It happens but too often that

considering whether

;

it

in our

power to

to be only her friend,

we

fulfil

and not to

and yet he could not deny that he was mor-

and disgusted with the sight of any other

particularly excited

is

by hearing

visitor.

her, in a jesting

His ill-humor

manner, enumerate


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

144

the good or bad qualities of some favorite

good sense

in pointing

and

;

shown much

after Laving

out his blemishes, neglect her friend, and prefer his

company that very evening. happened soon after that the heart of the

It

fair

Her

was disengaged.

was rejoiced at the discovery, and represented to her that he was

friend

She gave ear to

entitled to her affection before all others.

when

his petition

" I fear," said she, " that I

she found resistance was vain.

ing with the most valuable possession on earth

Her

get nothing in return but a lover."

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;a

friend,

am

part-

and that I

shall

suspicions were well founded

:

he had not enjoyed his double capacity long, before he showed a degree of peevishness, of which he

he demanded her esteem

friend,

and

affection;

as a

man

plea.sing conversation.

.

and education, he expected rational and

These complicated claims, however, ;

and was unwilling to grant exclusive

vored

in

a

as a lover, he claimed her undivided

;

of sense

with the sprightly disposition of Antonelli fices,

As

had before thought himself incapable.

a delicate manner to shorten his

ill

accorded

she could consent to no sacrirights.

visits,

She therefore endea-

to see

him

less frequently,

and intimated that she would on no consideration whatever give up her

As

freedom.

soon as he remarked this

beyond endurance; and, unfortunately,

His mercantile

befell him.

affairs

besides this, a view of his past tions

:

new treatment

misery was

his

was not the only mischance that

assumed a very doubtful appearance;

life

called forth

many

mortifying reflec-

he had, from his earliest youth, looked upon his fortune as inex-

haustible

;

his business often lay neglected while

expensive travels, endeavoring to

The

this

law-suits

which were

his only hope,

nected with a vast expense.

and while on

several times,

make a

engaged

in

long and

figure in the fashionable world.

proceeded slowly, and were con-

These required

Palermo

his presence in

his last journey, Antonelli

made arrangements

On

calculated by degrees to banish him entirely from her house. return, he found she

from his own

;

the Marquess de S.,

who

at that time

on plays and public diversions, visited her with great familiarity.

was the consequence.

his

had taken another house at a considerable distance

had great

influence

appearance,

daily, and, to all

This mortified him severely, and a serious

When

illness

the news of his sickness reached his friend,

she hastened to him, was anxious to see him comfortable, and discovering

that he was in great pecuniary sufficient to

Her

difficulties,

she

left

him a sum of money

supply his wants.

friend

had once presumed

was with her an unpardonable

to encroach on her

offence,

freedom

;

this

and the discovery of

his

attempt

having


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. acted so indiscreetly in his

own

affairs,

145

'

had not given her the most

able opinion of his understanding and his character

;

He

decrease of her affection, her assiduity for him had redoubled. not, however,

favor-

notwithstanding the

remark the great change which had really taken place

did

her

;

anxiety for his recovery, her watching for hours at his bedside, appeared to him rather proofs of friendship and love, than the effects of compassion

and he hoped, on

;

be reinstated in

his recovery, to

all his

former

rights.

But how

greatly was he mistaken

strength returned,

all

now was equal

aversion for him

He had

regarded him.

contracted a habit of

In proportion as his health and

!

tenderness and affection for him vanished

ill

humor, of which he was himself not aware, and

he attributed to others

in business

nay, her

also in consequence of these multiplied reverses,

which greatly contributed to alienate Antonelli.

ment

;

to the pleasure with which she formerly

His own bad manage-

he looked upon himself

;

as

an

unfortunate man, persecuted by the world, and hoped for an equivalent to all his sufferings

chamber and

his

and misfortunes

undivided affections of his mis-

in the

This concession he insisted on the

tress.

first

He demanded

visit her.

day he was able to leave

nothing

less

than that she

should resign herself to him entirely, dismiss her other friends and acquaintances,

leave the stage, and

showed him the

w^as at last obliged to confess the

tion existed

with him and for him.

live solely

no more.

He

left

melancholy truth, that her former

and never saw her again.

her,

a few years longer, seeing but few acquaintances, and

pany of a pious old lady, with

who

lived on the rent of

this interval,

whom

his

with his approaching end.

in

chiefly in the

an adjoining house, her only income.

but his health was destroyed, and

brought on a relapse of

He

after, the

his prospects blighted.

former

illness

He was

;

other;

A slight cause

the physician acquainted him

resigned to his fate, and his only wish

to see his lovely friend.

his request

;

com-

During

He

sent the servant to her

more happy days had often been the bearer of tender messages.

prayed her to grant

rela-

lived

he occupied the same dwelling, auJ

he gained one of his law-suits, and soon

was once more

She

impossibility of granting his demands, at first mildly, but

she refused.

He

who

He

sent a second time,

entreating most ardently she might not be deaf to his prayers, with no better success. far

She persisted

in

her

first

answer.

advanced when he sent a third time

:

The night was already

she showed great embarrass-

ment, (for I happened to be at supper at her house with the Marquis and

some other

friends,) I advised her

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; I entreated 10

her to show her friend


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XABEATIYE5 where welcome

;

and

pass her evenings in

aXZCDOTES.

A^-I>

1^:7

tm welcome yMtor

in order to avoid her

slie

nsed to

A gentleman whose rank

company out of the house.

and age made him respectable, accompanied her home one evening

On

coach.

taking leave of him at her door, the well

from the steps beneath them

;

alive.

was helped

into his carriage

She was one evening accompanied by a young

coach, on a visit to a

and being of a

voice issued

and the old gentleman, who was

well acquainted with the story,

than

known

He had

Mends.

heard of

perfectly

more dead

singer, in her

this mysterious

some doubts on the

lively disposition, expressed

in his

a^ir,

snbjeet.

" I most ardently wish,'' said he, "to hear the voice of your invisfble c-om-

panion

;

do caU him, there are two of

we

us,

shall not

had courage to summon the

Without

reflecting, she

from the

floor of the coach, arose the appalling

three times in rapid succession,

and died away

be frightened."

and presently.

spirit,

sound

:

it

in a hollow

was repeated

When

moan.

the door of the carriage was opened both were found in a swoon, and

it

was some time before they were restored, and conld inform those present of their

unhappy adventure.

This frequent repetition at length affected her health; and the

who seemed

spirit,

signs of

She even began to cherish the hope that she was now

his presence.

entirely rid of

was

some weeks, gave no

to have compassion on her for

him

;

When the

but in this she was mistaken.

went into the country on a

over, she

and attended only by one waiting-maid. they could reach their journey's end

;

and

Carnival

company of a lady, iN^ht overtook them before

visit,

in the

suffering interruption ftt)m the

breaking of a chain, they were compelled to stop for the night at an obscure inn by the road side. diately

maid,

on their arrival

;

who was arranging a

are here in a

Fatigued, Antonelli sought repose imme-

and she had

just lain

down, when the waiting-

night lamp, in a jesting tone, observed, "

manner at the end of the

Will he be able to find us here

?^

louder and more terrible than ever.

earth,

and the weather

is

We

horrible.

That moment the voice was heard,

The lady imagined the room

fiRed

and leaping out of bed, ran down stairs, alarming the wliele Xobody slept a wink that night. This was the last time the noise was heard. But this unwelcome viator had soon another and more diswith demons

;

house.

agreeable method of notifying his presence.

She had been

left in

peace some time, when one evening, at the usual

hour, while she was sitting at table with her friends, she was startled at

the discharge of a gun, or a well-charged pistol

through the window.

AU present

:

it

seemed to have passed

heard the report, and saw

rh.e

Sasli

:


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

148

The company was,

but on examiaation, the pane was found uninjured. nevertheless, greatly concerned, and one's

life

it

Some

had been attempted.

was generally believed that some

present ran to the police, while the

rest searched the adjoining houses, but in vain

The next evening

that could excite the least suspicion.

stationed at all the neighboring windows nelli lived

was

closely searched,

and

same moment, the report was heard

making the

of glass, without is

spies

remarkable,

it

:

:

were

sentinels

the house itself where Anto-

were placed

Three months

precaution availed nothing.

all this

nothing was discovered

;

But

in the street.

in succession, at the

the charge entered at the same pane

least alteration in its appearance;

and what

invariably took place precisely one hour before midnight,

although the Neapolitans have the Italian way of keeping time, according to which midnight forms no remarkable division.

At length

the shoot-

iug grew as familiar as the voice had formerly been, and this innocent

The report

malice of the spirit was forgiven him.

often took place with-

One

out disturbing the company, or even their conversation.

evening,

after a sultry day, Antonelli, without thinking of the approaching hour,

But

opened the window, and stepped with the Marquess on the balcony. a few

moments had

elapsed,

when the

invisible

gun was discharged, and

both were thrown back into the room with a violent shock. ing, the

Marquess

the singer on her

gave

rise to

felt

left.

But no other

recover-

injury being received, this event

a number of merry observations.

was alarmed

On

the pain of a smart blow on his right cheek, and

in her house,

This was the last time she

and she had hopes of being at

last entirely rid

of her unrelenting persecutor, when, one evening, riding out with a friend,

she was once more greatly terrified.

They drove through the

where the once-favored Genoese had

resided.

The moon shone

Chiaja, bright.

The lady with her demanded, "Is not that the house where Mr. died?" nelli.

"It

is

one of those two,

if

I

am

That instant the report burst upon

flash issuing

not mistaken," replied Anto-

their ears louder than ever

The coachman, supposing they were attacked by

On

great haste.

The

the

invisible

gentle means.

One

insensibility.

now changed

tormentor

two

ladies

were

This was, however, the last scene of his

manner, and used more

evening, soon after, a loud clapping of hands

heard under her window.

was no stranger

robbers, drove off in

arriving at the place of destination, the

taken out in a state of terror.

:

from one of the houses seemed to pass through the carriage.

was

Antonelli, as a favorite actress and singer,

to these sounds

:

they carried in them nothing terrifying,

and they might be ascribed to one of her admirers.

She paid

little

atten-


NAREATIVES AND ANECDOTES. tion to

it

her friends, however, were more vigilant

:

they sent out spies

;

The clapping was heard, but no one was

as formerly.

was hoped that these mysterious doings would soon

149

'

to be seen

;

and

it

entirely cease. After

some evenings, the clappings were no longer heard, and more agreeable

They were not properly melodious, but unspeakably

sounds succeeded. delightful

and agreeable: they seemed

opposite street, approach the if

some

aerial spirit intended

that he was about to perform. last they

were heard no

to issue

window and

aiore.

them

from the corner of an

die gently

away.

It

seemed as

some piece of music

as a prelude to

These tones soon became weaker, and at I

had the

curiosity, soon after the first

disturbance, to go to the house of the deceased, under the pretext of visiting the old lady

She

told

me

who had

him

so faithfully attended

in his last illness.

her friend had an unbounded affection for AntonelU; that he

had, for some weeks previous to his death, talked only of her, and some-

times represented her as an angel, and then again as a devil. illness

became

serious, his only wish

was

When

his

to see her before his dissolution,

probably in hopes of receiving from her some kind expression, or prevailing ou her to give him some consoling proof of her love and attachment.

Her

obstinate refusal caused him the greatest torments, and her last

ansv/er evidently hastened his end; for, effort,

and raising

his head,

nothing; she avoids me, but

And

he made one violent

she,

he cried out in despair, "iVb I'll torment her,

indeed the event proved that a

of death

added

though

the

man may perform

it

shall avail her

grave divide us!"

his

promise

in spite

itself.

B Iqle

of

Wncjh.

TRANSLATED FROM THE ITALIAN.

One

of the most remarkable instances

of the celebrated

upon as worthy of courtesan, from

Benvenuto belief.

whom

Cellini,

is

found

a writer

in the

who

In his youth, Benvenuto

is

Autobiography

generally looked

fell

in love

with a

he was suddenly separated by the departure of the


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

150

"Two months

lady from Rome.

after," says he,

in pleasures of all sorts,

memory

my

of

me word

another amour to cancel the

in

made acquaintance with a

and well versed

of genius,

wrote

girl

It happened, through a variety of odd

Sicilian mistress.

accidents, that I

man

and had engaged

"the

I was then indulging myself

that she was in Sicily, extremely unhappy.

in the

Sicilian priest,

who whs a Hap-

Latin and Greek authors.

pening one day to have some conversation with him upon the art of

mancy,

I,

who had a great

him that I had

all

my

life felt

The

teries of this art.

desire to

know something

a curiosity to be acquainted with the mys-

priest replied that the

man must be

and steady temjper who enters upon that study. and resolution enough,

fortitude

priest subjoined, " If

you

all

neci'o-

of the matter, told

if

of a resolute

I replied that I

I could but find an opportunity.

you think you have the heart

the satisfaction you can desire."

had

The

to venture, I will give

Thus we agreed

to undertake

this matter.

The

my

and desired me to look

priest one evening prepared to satisfy me,

out for a companion or two.

intimate acquaintance; he brought with him a native of

We

himself cultivated the black art. priest,

repaired to the Colosseum, and the

according to the custom of necromancers, began to draw circles on

the ground, with the most impressive ceremonies imaginable

brought thither

asafoetida, several precious perfumes,

As

compositions which diffused noisome odors. ness,

he made an opening in the

one by one, he placed us in

and assumed

his

fire

circle,

and the perfumes

me

to the rest,

and began half,

when

when

"Benvenuto, ask them something."

company

of

my

great satisfaction in having

mancer told me

it

was

his partner, to

his incantations.

This

there appeared several

was quite

filled

the priest turned to

1 answered,

with

me and

"Let them bring

Sicilian mistress, Angelica."

That night we obtained no answer of any

me

the other parts,

at a proper time, intrusting the care of

fire

I was busy about the perfumes

into the

with some

and having taken us by the hand,

legions of devils, insomuch that the amphitheatre

said,

he likewise

;

fire,

soon as he was in readi-

Then having arranged

it.

ceremony lasted above an hour and a

them.

and

wand, he ordered the other necromancer,

throw the perfumes into the the

who was Pistoia, who

I invited one Vincenzo Romoli,

my

requisite

sort,

but I had received

curiosity so far indulged.

we should go a second

The necro-

time, assuring

that I should be satisfied in whatever I asked, but that I must

bring with

who was

me a in

my

pure and immaculate boy. service,

of

about

twelve

I took with

years

of

me

age,

a youth together


NAEEATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

151

with the same Yincenzo Romoli, and one Agnolino

whom

mate acquaintance,

When

ceremony.

made

likewise

I

we came

and

in a

first

who was

drawn with a

by

by Gaddi, he put

assisted

in the

I,

company

her company."

was almost

The

his

of the

an instant

in

former, thereupon, turning to me, said,

declared, that in the space of a

He

then requested

because the legions were

now above

me

to

month you

stand

shall

resolutely

be

in

by him,

a thousand more in number than he

designed, and besides these were the most dangerous, so that, after

they had answered

them

dismiss in

fierce

my

quietly.

it behooved him to be civil to them and At the same time the boy under the pentacolo

question,

a terrible fright, saying, that there were in that place a million of

men who threatened

armed giants of an enormous During

circle.

this time,

destroy us

to

;

and

that,

while the necromancer, trembling with fear,

he could, Yincenzo Romoli, who quivered like an aspen the perfumes.

Though

I

moreover, four

stature were endeavoring to break into our

endeavored by mild and gentle methods to dismiss them

was

much

as

utmost to conceal the terror I inspire the rest with resolution

;

felt,

terrified as

in the best

any of them, I did

under

shall all surely perish." us,

but the truth

is,

I

gave myself over for

I told

:

him that

all

The boy ;

those demons were

and that what he saw was smoke and shadow

No

cried out "

The whole amphitheatre

burning, and the

upon us

so, covering his face

is

in.

" In this posture will I die

hold up his head and take courage.

;"

my

so that I greatly contributed to

placed his head between his knees and said

we

.way

took care of

leaf,

a dead man, seeing the horrid fright the necromancer was

for

make

by the direction of the necromancer, again desired to be of Angelica.

Know, they have

was

to

with demons, a hundred times more numerous than at the former

conjuration.

had

fire to my my hand a

them by the power

eternal God, insomuch that the amphitheatre

"

niore

names a multitude of demons who were the

their

leaders of the several legions, and invoked

filled

into

The necromancer then began

pentacolo or magical chart. invocations, called

having

more solemn manner than at our former meeting.

Thus, having committed the care of the perfumes and the friend Yincenzo,

the

and even more striking

ceremonies, placed us within the circle, which he had art,

inti-

at

assist

place appointed, the

to the

his preparations as before with the same,

wonderful

Gaddi, an

on to

prevailed

;

so bid

him

sooner did he look up but he fire is

just falling

with his hands, he again exclaimed that

destruction was inevitable and he desired to see no more.

mancer entreated me to have a good

heart,

The necro-

and to burn proper perfumes

;


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

152

upon which I turned to Romoli, and bid him burn

At

perfumes he had.

who was

Gaddi,

and seemed

eyes upon Agnolino

a degree that he could

such

to

terrified

distinguish objects

upon these occasions a man should not

condition, I said, "Agnolino,

and give

yield to fear, but should stir about

his assistance

upon attempting to move was so overpowered

all

the perfumes

raise

so

come

that the effects of his fear

terrified,

The boy hearing a

we were burning.

more to

crepitation, ventured once

;

Poor Agnolino

and put on some more of these perfumes."

directly,

scarce

Seeing him in this

be half dead.

to

the most precious

all

my

the same time I cast

his

head

when, seeing

;

me

laugh, he began to take courage, and said that the devils were flying

away with a vengeance.

In

rang for morning prayer.

The necromancer

but few

and these were at a great

devils,

had performed the took up a wallet

went out of the

we remained

this condition

until the bell

told us that there remained

When

distance.

the magician

rest of his ceremonies, he stripped off his

of books which he

full

possibly could, especially the boy,

who had

all

placed himself in the middle,

me by

holding the necromancer by the coat, and in the

We

keeping as close to each other as we

circle together,

were going to our houses

gown, and

had brought with him.

the cloak.

As we

quarter of Banchi, the boy told us that

two of the demons who had been

at the amphitheatre

went on before us

skipping and singing, sometimes running upon the roofs of the houses

The

and sometimes upon the ground.

As we went

to him.

along, he

though he had

priest declared that

often entered magic circles, nothing so extraordinary

would

had ever happened

have persuaded me to

fain

assist

with him at consecrating a book, from which he said we should derive

immense

riches

;

we should then ask

the demons to discover to us the

various treasures with which the earth abounds, which would raise us to

opulence and power

but that those love

;

whence no good could be expected. have accepted

his proposals

persuasions, answering material.

As

solicitations to

had

were mere

me

to

come

follies,

from

I understood Latin."

He

redoubled his

that the knowledge of Latin was by no means

I every day saw the priest he did not

would take, and where in less

me

affairs

I answered that " I would readily

this scene

was to be acted.

than a month we might complete

it,

fail

to renew his

I asked him what time

into his proposal.

He

and that the best place

our purpose was the mountains of Norcia.

Such an

persuasions of the holy conjurer that I agreed

it

answered that

effect

for

had the

to all he desired.

I

constantly asked him whether he thought I should at the time mentioned


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. by

demons have au interview with Angelica

tlie

153

and as

;

it

approached

I was surprised to hear no tidings of her.

Immediately after scrape at

Rome

this,

that

Benvenuto

Callini

he was obliged to

fly,

fell

into

so dangerous a

and taking

his route to

Naples, he there accidentally met with his mistress on the last day of

month predicted by the necromancer.

the

^^irMrHiiarjj Case "The

Sominimiulism.

of

history of the somnambulist of Lyons," says the Journal de Paris,

" presents an assemblage of such striking facts, that to regard the whole as charlatanry and deceit,

had not vouched ed, that

for the truth of

things to those with

wise

woman whom she

an hysterical

man

it.

People

credible eye-witnesses

if

may smile on hearing

stands in raffort, but such

Petetain, an esteemed physician in Lyons, gress of the disorder with which the lady

it

assert-

Previous to the appearance of

M.

is

the case; the

and doubts with caution.

who has long watched

is afflicted, is

M.

the pro-

occupied in arrang-

them

ing the facts he has collected, and in preparing

facts,

inclined

possesses the rare gift of revealing future

believes without precipitation,

adduce the following

we should be

for publication.

Petetain's announced work,

we

will

which are related by a respectable eye-witness,

Mr. Ballanche.

"The

catalepsy of a lady in Lyons,

of conversation in that city; and ral very surprising facts relative

had been

for

some time the subject

M. Petetain had already published seveto it, when Mr. Ballanche became desi-

rous of being an eye-witness of the astonishing effects of this disorder.

He

chose the

crisis.*

At

moment

for visiting this lady,

when she was approaching the

the door he learned that not every one, without distinction,

was permitted

to approach the patient's couch, but that she

She was therefore asked

grant the permission.

if

must

herself

she would receive Mr,

Ballanche; to which she replied in the affirmative: upon this he approached the bed, in which he saw a female lying motionless, and *

The time of tke magnetic

sleep.

who was

to all


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

154

He

appearance sunk into a profound sleep. instructed, on the

laid his hand, as he

had been

stomach of the somnambulist, and then began

his inter-

The patient answered them

rogatories.

all

most correctly.

This surpris-

He

had with him

ing result only excited the curiosity of the inquirer.

several letters from one of his friends, one of which he took, with

contents he imagined himself best acquainted, and laid

He

stomach of the patient. letter, to

which she answered

whom

a certain person

then asked the sleeper yes.

he named.

He

it

whose

folded up on the

she could read the

if

then inquired

She-denied that

it

if it

did not mention

M. Ballanche

did.

was mistaken, repeated the question and

beitig certain that the patient

received a similar answer in the negative; the somnambulist even appeared

angry at

his

doubting

the letter fr^m-ier.

one side with the

and pushed away the hand of the inquirer and

it,

M.

letter,

Ballanche, struck with this obstinacy, went to

read

it,

and found to

astonishment that

his great

he had not laid the letter he intended to have selected on the stomach of

He

the sleeper; and that, therefore, the error was on his side.

approached

the bed a second time, laid that particular letter on the place; and the patient then said, with a certain degree of satisfaction, that she read the

name which he had

previously mentioned.

"This experiment would, doubtless, have Ballanche went

still

He had

further.

see through the darkest substances, walls.

He

affirmative.

asked ^

He

if

this

satisfied

most men; but M..

been told that the patient could

and read writing and

were really the

therefore took a book,

case, to

through

letters

which she replied

in the

went into an adjoining room, held

with one hand a leaf of this book against the wall, and with the other took hold of one of those that were present, who, joining hands, formed a chain which reached to the patient, on whose stomach the last person laid his hand.

The patient read the

leaves that were held to the wall,

which were often turned over, and read them without making the smallest error.

"This infinite

is

a faithful and simple relatipn of

number

of objections

what M. Ballanche saw.

may be brought

against

it,

thousand substantial arguments can not overthrow one single lady

still lives, is

seen by

many

by an expert and respectable viduals give their names.

fact.

The

impartial persons, and was long attended

physician,

"Who

An

but a hundred

is

who

attests the same.

bold enough

still

to

deny

The

it ?"

indi-


NARRATIVES A-XD ANECDOTES.

There appears to have

155

.

lived in tlie earlier part of the sixteenth cen-

name

tury a great magician and conjuror of the

of Faust, or Latinized,

Faustus, a native of Kundling, in the duchy of Wirtemberg, whose celebrity gave rise to the

book

of Dr. Faustus," which

entitled "

became

The History

and Death

of the Life

popular in England, that

so

it

was

brought on the stage by one of the best dramatists of the Elizabethan age, Greene,

bodied

in

and went into a proverb

our age, the Faust of Goethe. Still

we have no

art, for

of

as one of the types only of the

authentic account of

what he

consists of a collection of stories of

them perhaps invented

for the occasion,

upon one personage, whose name had become According to

purpose.

this history,

really did perform.

magic and incantation,

and

all

rich uncle at Wittenburg,

The

magic that he determined to

way

to a

thick

wood near

was adopted by a

to pursue his studies at a

Faustus led him

inclinations of

and at length he became such a pro-

into the forbidden paths of science,

his

them fathered

Faustus was the son of a German

who enabled him

celebrated university in that city.

of

sufficiently notorious for the

peasant, and being remarkable for his early talents,

ficient in

and has been em-

^

we must look upon Dr. Faustus

The book

many

in our language,

one of the most extraordinary productions of the literature of

call

So " taking

up the demon.

to Wittenburg,

German

called in the

tongue Spisserholt, he came into the wood one evening near a cross-

way, where he made with a wand a

many more until

it

circles

and characters

was nine or ten of the clock

to call on Mephistophiles the

;

in the dust,

circle

in the night

spirit,

;

then began Dr. Faustus

and to charge him

Beelzebub to appear there presently, without any long sently the devil

began

so great a

and within that

and thus he passed away the time

commotion

in the

in the

wood, as

if

name of

Then

stay.

pre-

heaven and

earth would have come together, with wind, and the trees bowed their tops to the ground.

been

full

Then

fell

the devil to roar, as

if

the whole

wood had

of lions, and suddenly about the circle run the devil, as if a

thousand wagons had been running together on paved stones. this,

at the four corners of the

wood

it

lightning as if the whole world to his seeming all this while, half

amazed at the

devil's

After

thundered horribly, with such

had been on

fire.

so long tarrying,

Faustus,

and doubting


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

156

whether he were best to abide any more such horrible conjurings, thought to leave his circle

and depart, whereupon the

of all sorts, as if the

devil

nymphs themselves had been

Faustus revived, and stood stoutly

and began again to conjure the

made him such music

in the place.

-Whereat

in the circle, expecting his purpose,

Mephistophiles in the name of the

spirit

prince of devils, to appear in his likeness; whereat suddenly over his head

hung hovering

manner

wood, as

Presently,

condition.

manner of

in

feared

it

not,

at which tbere

;

had been open, and

hell

if

lightning,

and changed

intent

end

it

Then Faustus, vexed full

friar,

a flame

fell

yet Faustus

;

circle a

his

at his spirit's so

purpose not to depart before he

and crying on Mephistophiles

;

the

man

suddenly the

spirit, ;

converted to the shape of a fiery man.

ran about the a gray

a globe

itself into

globe opened, and sprung up in the height of a in the

in the

the tormented souls cursing their

all

but did persuade himself that the devil should give him

long tarrying, used his charm, with his

Faustus again

calls

was a monstrous cry

not three fathoms above his head,

request before he would leave.

had

Then

a mighty dragon.

in the air

after his devilish

burning a time,

so,

This pleasant beast

great while, and lastly, appeared in the manner of

asking Faustus what was his request.

Faustus commanded,

that the next morning at twelve of the clock he should appear to him at his house

to coiijare

request

;

but the devil would

;

him

again, in the

whereupon the

name

in

no wise grant

Faustus began

it.

of Beelzebub, that he should

spirit agreed,

and

fulfil

his

so they departed each on his

way."

The came

spirit

to

accordingly visited Faustus, and after three interviews, they

an agreement, by which the doctor, as the price of his

to have Mephistophiles for his servant,

during which he would have the

life,

One

every tiling.

of the

had now obtained was

first

of his

power

made

of the

power he

to gratify his ardent thirst for knowledge,

knowledge of hidden causes.

All his desires were

they were formed, so that he lived a

life

all

in

and by

others in the

fulfilled

the instant

of unrestrained gratification.

traveled with inconc-eivable rapidity, not only through different coun-

tries,

but into the remotest regions of the

found astronomer, and was initiated the other world. his

was

full gratification

uses which Faustus

the aid of his spirit Mephistophiles, he soon surpassed

He

soul,

and have a certain allotment of

spirit,",

Faustus.

He now

in

air,

and thus he became a pro-

some measure

into the secrets of

"fell to be a calendar-maker

by the help

of

and nobody's prognostications were equal to those of Dr.

His travels were so extensive, that he even obtained a glimpse


NAEEATIVES AND ANECDOTES'. of Paradise

and

;

wanderings he played

in the course of his

Among

pranks.

157 all sorts

of

Grand Turk

other victims of his wantonness were the

and the pope of Eome.

When

the

Emperor Charles V., we are

him he raised up the

gratify

spirits of

was holding

told,

make an

Inspruck, he invited Faustus to

courtiers having provoked him, he transformed them,

his

He pawned

way.

Some

whom At

money.

for

he met

the fair of

a horse to a horse-dealer, with a warning not to ride

Pfeiffeng, he sold

it

but the dealer, having disobeyed these

;

found himself suddenly

and wherever he found

;

students or clowns drinking together, he seldom failed to

He

victims of his art.

Duke

He

sitting astride a bottle of straw.

alarmed a countryman by eating a load of hay

the court of the

his

of the

and exposed them

all conditions,

Jew

his leg to a

through a course of water with directions,

and to

After leaving the court, he per-

formed a variety of tricks upon persons of on

skill,

Alexander the Great and

beautiful paramour, to the emperor's no small delight.

to the ridicule of their companions.

his court at

exhibition of his

make them

subsequently performed extraordinary exploits at

Anhalt

of

;

and he gave equally extraordinary

specimens of his power in a series of extravagant feats with which he treated the students of Wittenburg, and which he ended by calling up to their sight the fair

" Dr. Faustus

Helen of Troy.

came

in

Lent unto Frankland

where

fair,

his

spirit

Mephistophiles gave him to understand that in an inn were four jugglers that cut one another's heads

us, for

and

off,

the barber to be trimmed, which

after their cutting off sent

many

people saw.

he meant to have himself the only cook in the

and he went

to the place

them to

This angered Faustdevil's

where they were to beguile them.

banquet,

And

as the

jugglers were together, ready one to cut off another's head, there stood also the barber ready to trim them,

likewise a glass full of stilled waters,

them stood by first,

Thus they began

it.

and presently there was a

Faustus perceived

named

it

this lily as it

the tree of

wash and comb

life.

his head,

and

lot

that his

came lily

The

:

they smote

among

was springing up, and the chief juggler

Thus dealt he with the and then he

like did

chiefest

the head of the

off

the glass of distilled water, where

lily in

vanished away out of the water

and sound again.

and by them upon the table stood and he that was the

;

set

it

hereat the

making the barber

first,

on again

presently the

;

man had

he with the other two

;

head whole

and

as the turn

to the chief juggler, that he also should be beheaded,

was most

pleasant,

fair,

and

lily

his

and

flourishing green, they smote


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

158 his

head

Faustus

and when

off,

his conscience,

do anything, world

;

for he

lily,

came

barbed [that

to be

and so he took a small knife and cut

lily,

'

JSTone of

to cut the lily

;

them

in the

and found

on the

lily,

guiled,

and so died

Faustus had done

was about

it

the stalk of

ofi"

Yet no

shall blind Faustus.'

but when the rest of the jugglers thought

to have set on their master's head, they could not

By

bleeding.

in his wickedness

this

;

wherefore they looked

means the juggler was be-

yet no one thought that Dr.

;

it."

this

time that Faustus had a

he was severely rebuked by his

new bond with

sign a

troubled

it

thought himself to be the principal conjurer

saying to himself,

man saw Faustus

It

shaved,]

is,

insomuch that he could not abide to see another

wherefore Dr. Faustus went to the table whereat the other jug-

glers kept that

the

it

spirit

From

the evil one.

of repentance, for which

fit

Mephistophiles,

who

forced him to

he became more

this time

headstrong and depraved than ever, and, to use the words of the history, " he began to live a swinish and Epicurean phistophiles to bring

him the

and kept her during the

lently in love,

He now caused Mewhom he fell vio-

life."

Helen of Troy, with

fair

rest of his

life

as his mistress

but she, and a child she bore him, vanished together on his death.

was not long

in approaching,

and when

his last

day was at hand, he

vited his fellow-students to a supper, and gave

on

his

own

errors,

and an urgent warning

students and the others that were there,

they wept, and so went forth

;

:

This in-

them a moral discourse "

to avoid his example.

when they had prayed

but Faustus tarried in the hall

;

The

for him,

and when

the gentlemen were laid in bed, none of them could sleep, for that they

attended to hear

if

they might be privy of his end.

happened that

It

between twelve and one o'clock at midnight there blew a mighty storm of wind against the house, as though

thereof out of

its

place.

it

would have blown the foundation

Hereupon the students began

to fear,

and go

out of their beds, but they would not stir out of the chamber, and the host of the house ran out of doors, thinking the Louse would

The

fall.

students lay near unto the hall wherein Dr. Faustus lay, and they heard

a mighty noise and hissing, as adders.

With

if

the hall had been

then he began to cry for help, saying, with a half voice and very hollow

But when

it

full of

snakes and

that the hall-door flew open wherein Dr. Faustus was

;

'

Murther

1

murther

shortly after they heard

was day, the students, that

had taken no

1'

but

it

;

was

him no more.

rest that

night,

arose and went into the hall in the which they left Dr, Faustus, where,

notwithstanding, they found not Faustus, but

all

the hall sprinkled with


NAEEATIVES AND ANECDOTES. blood,

a fearful and

and weep

came

;

in one corner lay his eyes, in another his teeth

for him,

and sought

for his

body

where they found

most monstrously torn, and

his

in

many

;

to wail

Lastly, they

places.

body lying on the horse-dung,

fearful to behold, for his

head and

all

Ms

The forenamed students and masters that

were dashed to pieces.

were at

Then began the students

pitiful sight to behold.

into the yard,

joints

had beaten him from

brains cleaving to the wall, for the devil

tlie

one wall against another

159

his death, obtained so

much

that they buried him in the village

where he was so grievously tormented."

Such was the end which

was believed awaited the magicians who

it

entered into a direct compact with the evil one.

The

history of Dr.

Eaustus has been the delight and wonder of thousands in various coun-

and through several ages.

tries

The popularity

of the

book was so

great, that another author undertook to compile a continuation. it

was pretended, had

with

whom

books and

left his

left

a familiar servant,

he had deposited his art.

his greatest

The

Faustus,

named Christopher Wagner, and to whom he had Wagner form what is called

secrets,

exploits of

the second part of Dr. Faustus, which seems to have been compiled in

England, and was published long subsequent to the is

made

to call

up the

serve as his familiar. tions of exorcisms philes,

in

and of

spirit

first

of his master Faustus,

The book contains a

part.

Wagner

and compel him to

repetition of the

same descrip-

which had been used by Faustus toward Mephisto-

similar exploits.

About sixty or seventy years ago, a man of piety and integrity arrived Germany from Philadelphia, to visit his poor old parents, and, with-

them beyond the reach of care. He went out to America while he was still young, and had succeeded so far as to become overlooker of various mills on the. Delaware river, in his

well-earned wealth, to place

which situation he had honorably laid up a consider able sum. In the neighborhood of Philadelphia, not far from the mills aboveman in a lonely house. He was very

mentioned, there dwelt a solitary


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

160

benevolent, but extremely retired and reserved, and strange things were

among which was

related of him,

that were

unknown

his

every one

to

being able to

Now

else.

tell

a person things

happened, that the

it

captain of a vessel belonging to Philadelphia, was about to

He

and Europe. and

time,

promised

also that he

but no letters arrived

:

his wife that

sail to

he would return

would write to her frequently.

Africa

in a certain

She waited

long,

the time appointed passed over, but her beloved

husband did not return.

She was now deeply distressed and knew not

where to look

counsel or consolation.

for either

At

advised her for once to go to the pious solitary and

The woman followed him

all

his advice,

and went to him.

length, a friend

tell

him her

griefs.

After she had told

her troubles, he desired her to wait a while there, until he

returned and brought her an answer.

man opening

She sat down to wait, and the

Bat the woman thinking he

a door, went into his closet.

stayed a long time, rose up, went to the window in the door, lifted up the

curtain,

little

a corpse

;

and looking

in,

saw him lying on the couch or

she then immediately went back to her place.

came and told her that her husband was

in

London,

which he named, and that he would return very soon

why he had been much at ease.

also the reason

home

pretty

What returned,

same

the solitary had told her was minutely

and the reasons of

as the

man had

what would be the

his delay

stated.

and

sofa like

length he

in a coffeehouse

he then told her

The woman went

fulfilled,

her husband

his not writing

were just the

The woman was now

curious to

The

visit

was arranged, but when the captain saw

the man, he was struck with amazement

;

he afterwards told

that he had seen this very man, on such a day

woman had been

know

company

result, if she visited the friendly salitary in

with her husband.

the

:

unable to write.

At

(it

his wife

was the very day that

with him), in a coffeehouse in London

;

he had told him that his wife was much distressed about him

and that :

that he

had then stated the reason why his return was delayed, and of his not writing, and that he would shortly come back, on which he lost sight of the

man among

the company.


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

SwEDENBORG was the son

of a preacher in

161

Sweden

;

was

his character

that of honesty and sincerity, and he possessed great talents for learning,

by which he

profited,

and devoted himself to the study of philosophy and

natural history, but particularly to mineralogy, metallurgy, chemistry, and

In order to perfect himself

geology.

still

more

in the latter of these sci-

and then returned to

ences, he undertook long journeys through Europe,

native country, where he was admitted as a member of the geological

his

To

board.

He made so little

into intercourse with spirits.

fell

man

the surprise of every one, this able, learned, and pious

a mystery of

frequently at table, before a numerous company, and

most rational and

scientific conversation,

that

this,

when engaged

in the

he would say, that he had just

before spoken on this or that point with the apostle Paul, or with Luther, or with

some one who had long been dead.

It

is

easy to conceive that

those present gaped and stared at him with every

mark

and doubted whether he was

However, he occasion-

ally furnished proofs

in his right senses.

which were unobjectionable.

statements

have been controverted, and the

deception.

Swedenborg was no

The

It

is

of astonishment,

true that these

good man accused

deceiver, but a pious

and

religious

having intercourse with

three following proofs of his

of

man.

spirits

are

recorded.

The Queen

1.

tell

Sweden put him

of

to the test,

by commissioning him to

her what she had spoken on a certain remarkable occasion with her

deceased brother, the Prince of Prussia, in Charlottenherg, not.

if

I mistake

After some time, Swedenborg announced himself, and stated to her

The queen was deeply struck with

what had passed. supposed.

it,

as

may be

easily

This fact has been denied in the public papers; but a Swedish

nobleman, who was, in other respects, no admirer of Swedenborg, assures us that the matter was most unquestionably true. '

2.

Swedenborg arrived

of travelers.

He

at Gottenburg, from England, with a

company

there said he had learned from the angels that there

moment a fire in Stockholm, in such a street. Among those present were some who resided at Stockholm, and who felt uneasy at this was

at that

intelligence; but he

came

not be alarmed, for the

to

fire

them soon afterward, and

was extinguished.

that such had been exactly the case. 3.

A respectable

widow was

called 11

This

is

said that they need

The next day they learned most certainly

true.

upon to pay a considerable sum of


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

162 money,

wliicli

she was confident her deceased husband had already paid,

In her distress she went to Sweden-

but she could not find the receipt.

borg, and entreated him to ask her husband where the receipt was laid.

Swedenborg

Some days

after,

press, at the

bottom, in a concealed drawer, where

But

must now add

I

previously

made

About

is

strict

like

in

a certain

important as any one of the fore-

fully as it

with the greatest confidence.

my

whom,

He He spoke little; but what he said of silver. He would not have dared, for

residence there, I lived in close intimacy.

mystic in the purest sense.

golden

on a salver

fruit

the world, knowingly, to have told a falsehood.

all

was

was immediately found.

the year 1170, there was a merchant in Elberfeld, with

during seven years of

was

it

fourth experimental proof, which has never been

and

I can vouch for the truth of

going.

was a

&,

public,

told her that the receipt

who had long ago

left this

This friend of mine,

world for a better, related to

me

the follow-

ing tale.

His business required him to take a journey to Amsterdam, where Swedenborg at that time resided

and having heard and read much of

;

this

strange individual, he formed the intention of visiting him, and becoming better acquainted with him.

He

therefore called

who

very venerable-looking, friendly old man,

upon him, and found a

received him politely, and

requested him to be seated; on which the following conversation began

Having been

The Merchant. myself the honor,

caused

me

to regard

Swedenborg. Merch.

I

of paying

sir,

my

by business, I could not deny

Your writings have

respects to you.

you as a very remarkable man.

May

am from

tings contain so

called hither

:

much

I ask you where you are from

?

Your

Elberfeld, in the grand-duchy of Berg. of

what

is

and

beautiful

edifying, that they

wri-

have

made a deep impression upon me: but the source whence you derive them is so extraordinary, so strange and uncommon, that you will perhaps not take

it

amiss of a sincere friend of truth,

if

he desire incontestable proofs

that you really have intercourse with the invisible world.

Swed.

It

would be very unreasonable

if

I took

it

amiss

;

but I think

I have given sufficient proofs, which can not be contradicted.

Merch. the

fire in

Are they

those that are so well

Stockholm, and the receipt

known

Swed.

Yes, those are they, and they are true.

Merch.

And

yet

many

objections are brought against them.

venture to propose that you give

Swed.

Why

not

?

respecting the queen,

?

Most

me

a similar proof?

willingly.

Might

I


NARRATIVES AND ANECD.OTES.

into a consumption, of

fell

a short time before

We

Swed.

What was

him

told

Swed.

How

Merck.

About

Swed.

Call upon

his

name

the

of your friend

?

name.

long do you remain here

?

eight or ten days.

me

again in a few days.

I will see

if

I can find

friend.

The merchant took

his leave,

gentleman met him with a friend

and despatched

went again to Swedenborg,

after he

smile,

and

his business.

anxious expectation.

in

said

Some days The old

"I have spoken with your

:

the subject of your discourse was, the restitution of all things."

;

then related to the merchant, with the greatest precision, what he

and what

My

deceased friend had maintained.

his

friend turned pale, for this proof

inquired further

still in

:

"How

ishment.

He

friend

:

and opinions, and

remarkable

is

?

He

invincible.

Is he in a state of bles-

not yet in heaven

man

it

is

them

I

man

very

my

:

he

what, in the other world?"

Swe-

takes with him his favorite inclina-

difficult to

aside here."

perfectly convinced,

be divested of them.

My

We

friend took his leave of

and returned back to Elberfeld.

certainly,

was

This celebrated personage was born in London in the

With a mind

full

of energy

and ambition, he studied with

an eagerness and success that soon raised him to reputation versities of

is

res-

friend the greatest aston-

most remarkable of the English Magicians,

Dr. John Dee. year 1521.

"My God

"Certainly; a

ought, therefore, to lay

of the

This answer caused

ejaculated,

denborg replied

One

was powerful and

my

with

it

Hades, and torments himself continually with the idea of the

titution of all things."

tions

fares

Swedenborg answered, "No, he

sedness?"

this

I visited this friend

we conversed together on an important

his decease:

will see.

The merchant

He

studied divinity at Duisburg,

which he died.

Could you learn from him what was the subject of our discourse ?

topic.

your

who

I had formerly a friend

Merch.

where he

163

England and the continent.

taste for the occult sciences,

He

is

in the uni-

said to have imbibed his

which his imaginative mind retained during


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

164 his

life,

while a student at Louvaine

earliest writings

was a defence

of

;

yet

having leagued with demons to obtain

Under the reign of Mary, Dee was Princess Elizabeth,

who from

it

is

singular that one of his

Roger Bacon against the imputation of his

extraordinary knowledge.

close correspondence with the

in

her childhood had been brought up in the

men

love of learning and learned

and

;

for this

intimacy, the young

philosopher became an object of suspicion, and was thrown into prison.

Elizabeth preserved her attachment for him during her

had received from him the leaning

she

to superstition

on more than one remarkable occasion.

On

life,

and perhaps

which she exhibited

her accession to the throne,

the virgin queen consulted with him to fix a fortunate day for her coro-

nation

and subsequently, when an image of wax

;

in her resenblance

was

found in Lincoln's-Inn-Fields, Dee was called to her chamber to exercise his science in counteracting the

charm.

In his preface to Euclid, printed in already reputed a conjurer. well,

and

15*10,

Dee complains

that he was

In the meager diary edited by Mr. Halli-

in such of Dee's papers as

have been preserved, find him pay-

ing attention to his dreams, to strange noises which he fancied he heard at times in his chamber,

In

this diary,

saw

spirits

in a crystal.

spirits at this

the purpose.

and to other matters of a

under the date of It

May

similar description.

25, 1581, he says, that he then first

was one

of the usual

methods of raising

time to bring them into a glass or stone, duly prepared for

One

of Dr. Dee's conjuring stones

particular branch of magic which he followed

is still

preserved.

The

was that termed theurgy,

which taught that by a proper disposition of mind, joined with purity of

life,

cleanliness of person,

and other

conditions, a

placed in visible communication with good counsel and assistance.

James

I.,

King

spirits,

man might be

and receive their

v.

of England, was proud of his skill and knowledge in

the matter of sorcery, and of the wisdom of his judgments. it

He made

a subject of his special study, and his royal leisure was occupied with


NAEEATIYES AND ANECDOTES.

165

the compilation, in form of a dialogue, of a treatise which was printed of " Dsemonologie," with the king's name, at Edinburgh,

under the

title

in 1597.

In the preface the royal author speaks of "the

inge" of witches in Scotland at that time the Englishman, Reginald Scott, existence of witches,

fearful!

and complains

;

who had attempted

abound

bitterly against

to disprove the

and against Wierus, the German, who had written a

sort of apology for the persons thus accused, " whereby," says the king,

" he plainly bewrayes himselfe to have bene one of that profession." majesty's

book

is

lished about the

much

same period

it

;

is

His

on the subject pub-

inferior to the other treatises

compiled from foreign works, and

begins with discussing very learnedly the nature and existence of witchcraft,

and with describing the contract with Satan, but

it

furnishes little

or no information on the real character of the superstitions of the day.

In the "Museum of Wonders,"

vol. 2, chap,

striking instance of a presentiment, related

the eighth volume of the "Universal says,

"My whole family still

Magazine

for

of danger.

of the common amusements of the

city of

Sailing

Rouen,

also took great pleasure in these water-parties,

to pass over without enjoying

with a party to

sail to

Port

St.

is

it.

my father

upon the

river

France.

My

in

and he seldom

On

a in

Art and Nature." She

remembers an accident, from which

was preserved by a presentiment

many weeks

page 152, there

ii.,

by Madame de Beaumont,

is

one

father

suffered

one occasion he agreed

Omer, about ten miles from Rouen.

Din-

ner and musical instruments had been sent on board the vessel, and every preparation

made

board, an aunt of

for a pleasant excursion.

my

When

it

was time to go ÂŤu

who was deaf and dumb, uttered a kind of door, blocked up the way with her arms, struck

father's,

howl, placed herself at the

her arms together, and gave by signs to understand that she conjured him to remain at home.

from

My

this excursion, only

his feet,

father

who had promised

himself

laughed at her entreaties

and manifested such poignant signs of

:

much

pleasure

but the lady

grief, that

fell

at

he at length

determined to yield to her entreaties, and postpone his excursion to


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

166 another day.

He

therefore endeavored to detain the rest also

laughed at him for being so easily persuaded, and set

;

but they

Scarcely had

sail.

the vessel proceeded half the distance, before those on board had the greatest reason to repent that they sel

went

by swimming were so much difficulty IS"Š

had not followed

got the better of

his advice.

The

ves-

and those that saved themselves

to pieces, several lost their lives,

terrified at their

narrow escape, that they with

it."

mechanical explanation can apply to

this

remarkable presentiment.

The warning angel found he could work on no one better than the person

who was deaf and dumb, he

therefore selected her for the execution of his

commission.

"Museum

In the same volume of the

Wonders," page 153, there

of

is

an equally striking presentiment related, which the editor had/rom the lips of

Being unmarried, he committed

sible situation in the country. tic

;

a respon-

his

domes-

who had been with him many he made many preparations for celebrating

concerns to the care of a housekeeper,

years. it

who had

This individual had a friend

a credible person.

His birthday arrived,

and told

his

housekeeper early

in the

morning, that as the day was

she should clean out a certain arbor

in the garden,

because he intended to pass the day in

it

fine,

which he named, Scarcely had

with his guests.

she received this commission, than she seemed quite in a maze, and delayed

the fulfilment of

it.

At

length she entreated him rather to receive his

guests in one of the rooms of the house, for she had a presentiment that

the arbor would that day be struck by lightning. assertion, as there

on her renewing her

entreaties, he

laughed at her

was only the more urgent that the arbor

he had pointed out should be made ready, that he gave way to her superstitious feelings.

At

it

arrived, they

might not appear that

length she went, and did

The day continued

as her master ordered her.

had been invited

He

was no appearance of a storm coming on that day, and

fine,

the

company that

went into the arbor and made themselves

merry.

In the meantime, however, clouds had gathered

horizon,

and were at length powerfully driven toward the place by the

wind.

The company were

so intent

did not in the least observe

it

;

upon

in the distant

their entertainment, that they

but scarcely was the housekeeper aware

that the storm was approaching, than she begged her master to leave the

arbor with his company, for she could not divest herself at of the lightning striking

it.

At

first

all

of the idea

they would not listen to her, but she

continued her entreaties unremittingly

;

and, at

length,

as

the

storm

approached with great violence, they suffered themselves to be induced to


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. They had not been

leave the arbor.

when the

in the

167

room more than a few

seconds,

lightning struck the arbor, and dashed everything that had been

left in it to pieces.

A

SHORT time before the Princess Nagotsky, of Warsaw, traveled to

had the following dream.

Paris, she in

She dreamed that she found

came

and presented

to her with a cup,

replied that she

unknown

thirsty,

life.

At

this she

In October,

for

it

would be the

was greatly

1*120, the

it

terrified,

would ever drink

man whom

for

hotel, where,

soon after her arrival, she

She immediately sent

she had seen at

my

The physician came, and the

Warsaw is

most

forcible

in

a dream; "but," added she, " I

not the same apartment which I saw on

after completely restored,

completely forgotten her dream,

hotel,

She was asked the rea-

dream."

The Princess was soon in a

for the king's cele-

answer that the physician perfectly resembled the

shall not die this time, for this

that occasion in

in her

and awoke.

Princess showed striking marks of astonishment.

and gave

The

and added that she ought not to last she

brated physician, the father of Helvetius.

it,

She

for his offer.

Princess arrived at Paris in good health and

and occupied a furnished

was seized with a violent fever.

son of

of.

to her to drink out

and thanked him

individual repeated his request,

it

spirits,

was not

any longer,

refuse

in

herself

an unknown apartment, when a man, who was likewise unknown to her,

manner.

when a new

She was

and appeared

it,

dissatisfied with her lodgings at the

and therefore requested that a dwelling might be prepared

a convent at Paris, which was accordingly done.

to the convent; but scarcely

to have

incident reminded her of

for her

The Princess removed

had she entered the apartment destined for her is all over with me; I shall not come

than she began to exclaim aloud: " It

same that I saw at Warsaw

out of this room again

alive, for it is the

my dream

in reality not long afterward

!"

She died

in

the beginning of the year 1121, of an ulcer in the throat, occasioned the drawing; of a tooth.

in

the same room, in

by


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

168

FROM THE GERMAN OF

The merchant

whose employ I was formerly, from the year IT 63 to

in

whom

lltO, and

I have called "Spanier" in the narrative of

frequently related to in

But

me

my

life,

a remarkable presentiment which he once had

On commencing

Rotterdam.

for the

DR. JUNG-STILLING

business, he took a journey into

Holland

purpose of forming connections for his extensive iron-works.

his chief attention

was directed to Middleburg,

in Zealand, to

which

place he

had several recommendations from

towns

in

Holland.

in the

morning to the Middleburg market-boat, which was lying there at

Having

his friends, as well as to other

finished his business at

He

anchor, ready to sail at noon to Middleburg. place,

and then requested that a

Rotterdam, he went

took and paid for his

might be sent to him at an

sailor

which he named, when the vessel was about to

sail.

He

inn,

then went to

the said inn, prepared for his voyage, and ordered some refreshment to

When

be sent up to his room at eleven o'clock. his repast, the sailor

came

to call

the door, and the merchant cast

him

;

his eyes

he had almost finished

but as soon as the

man opened

upon him, he was seized with an

unaccountable trepidation, together with an inward conviction that he

ought not to go to Middleburg, so that of

no avail

:

and he was obliged to

accompany him, fare

;

but

this

all

tell

his reasoning

to which the latter replied that if so, he

mattered not

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;he

felt

against

it

was

the sailor that he could not

would

lose his

himself compelled to stay.

After the sailor was gone, the merchant cooly reflected on what might

be the probable reason of this singular mental impulse.

was sorry and vexed at thus neglecting

this

In

reality,

he

important part of his

journey, as he could not wait for the next market-boat.

To

banish his

tedium and disappointment, he went out for a walk, and toward evening called at a friend's house.

noise

was heard

After sitting there a couple of hours, a great

in the street.

Inquiry was made, and

now they

learned

that the Middleburg market-boat, having been struck by lightning, had sunk, and that not an individual

what an impression traveler

:

this intelligence

was saved

!

made upon

My

readers

he hastened home, and in retirement thanked

gracious warning.

may

think

the mind of the worthy

God

for this


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

169

In general the countries of northern Europe appear to have been

less

subject to extensive witch-prosecutions than the south, although there

the ancient belief in witchcraft reigned in great force.

Probably

this

latter circumstance contributed not a little to the estrkordinary charac-

ter

assumed by a case of

during the years 1669 and

this nature, which,

16Y0, caused a great sensation throughout Sweden, and drew also the attention of other countries. its

name

the chief actors in belief,

It

began

in a district

of Elfdale to have been the peculiar it

which would seem by

domain of the

fairies,

and

were children, whom, according to the old popular

the fairies were always on the look out to carry away.

The

villages of

mountainous

Mohra and

Elfdale are situated in the dales of the

districts of the central part of

Sweden.

In the

first

of the

years above-metioned, a strange report went abroad that the children of the neighborhood

were carried away nightly to a place they called

Blockula, where they were received by Satan in person

who were

themselves,

women who made

and

they said were witches and carried them thither.

no information as to the manner first

;

the children

the authors of the report, pointed out numerous

in

which

this affair arose, or

We how

have

it

was

public, but within a short space of time nearly all the children

of the district

became compromised

in

it,

and agreed

in nearly the

story.

They

asserted in the strongest

carried

away

in multitudes to the place of ghostly rendezvous,

manner the

same

fact of their being

and we

are told that the pale and emaciated appearance of these juvenile victims

gave consistency to their statements, although there was the testimony of their

own

parents that during their alleged absence they had never

been missed from home.

Some

of the incidents in this singular

been borrowed from although

it is

the

and

witchcraft-cases

not very easy to understand

tragical case in

how

seem to have

France and Germany, this could

have been the

The The

case in what was evidently a very retired part of the country. minister seems to have shared largely in the fear of the people.

alarm and terror at last

made

in the district finally

to the king,

and partly laymen,

became so

who nominated

great, that a report

commissioners, partly clergy

to inquire into the extraordinary circumstances

had been brought under

his notice,

was

which

and these commissioners arrived

la


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

170

Mobra, and announced

intention of opening their proceedings

tlieir

on

the 13th of August, 1670.

On

the 12th of August, the commissioners

met

at the parsonage-house,

and heard the complaints of the minister and several people of the better class,

who

told

them

of the miserable condition they were

in,

and prayed

that by some means or other they might be delivered from the calamity.

They

told the commissioners, that

their children visible

had been drawn

by the help of witches, some hundred of

who had been

to Satan,

seen to go in a

shape through the country, and to appear daily to the people;

the poorer sort of them, they said, he had seduced by feasting them with

meat and

drink.

by the church

Prayers and humiliations,

authorities,

and were

it

appears, had been ordered

strictly observed,

but the inhabitants

of the village lamented before the commissioners that they

no

avail,

and that

of their devotions.

who had been

their children

They

had been of

were carried away by the fiend

in spite

therefore earnestly begged that the witches

the cause of the evil might be rooted out, and that they

might thus regain their former rest and quietness, " the rather," they said, "

because the children which used to be carried away in the country

or district of Elfdale, since some witches

had been burnt

there,

remained

unmolested."

The 13th ation,

of

August was the

last

day appointed

for prayer

and humili-

and before opening their commission the commissioners went to

church, " where there appeared a considerable assembly of both young

and

The

old.

children could read most of them, and sing psalms, and so

could the women, though not with any great zeal and fervor.

were preached two sermons that day,

in

.

There

which the miserable case of those

people that suffered themselves to be deluded by the devil was laid open

and these sermons were at public worship being over,

last all

concluded with very fervent prayer.

the people of the

in the parson's house, near three

town were

thousand of them.

The

called together

Silence being com-

manded, the king's commission was read publicly in the hearing of them all,

and they were charged, under very great

penalties, to conceal nothing

of what they knew, and to say nothing but the truth, those especially

who were

guilty, that the children

of the devil guiltless

;

they

all

might be delivered from the clutches

promised obedience

weeping and cryipg

;

the guilty feignedly, but the

bitterly."

The commissioners entered upon

their duties

on the next day with the

utmost diligence, and the result formed one of the most remarkable examples of persecution in the annals of sorcery.

IS'o less

than threescore


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. and ten inhabitants of

whom made

and

of the village

and the

child,

One woman

rest denied their

these were sent to Fahluna, where most of

Fifteen

Mohra, three-and-twenty

district of

were condemned and executed.

confessions,

pleaded that she was with

death.

171

among

children were

thirty-six more, of different ages

guilt,

and

them were afterward put

who

those

between nine and

suffered death,

to

and

were forced

sixteen,

to run the gauntlet, and be scourged on the hands at the church-door

every Sunday for one year; while twenty more, these practices

more

unwillingly,

who had been drawn

into

and were very young, were Condemned

to be scourged with rods upon their hands for three successive Sundays at the church-door.

The number

of the children

accused was about

three hundred. It appears that the commissioners

began by taking the confessions of

the children, and then they confronted them with the witches children accused as their seducers.

The

latter, to use the

whom

the

words of the

authorized report, having " most of them children with them, which they

had

either seduced or attempted to seduce,

some seven years of age, nay,

from four to sixteen years," now appeared before the commissioners. "

Some

of the children complained lamentably of the misery

and mischief

they were forced sometimes to suffer of the devil and the witches."

Be-

ing asked, whether they were sure, that they were at any time carried

away by

"

the devil, they all replied in the affirmative.

Hereupon the

witches themselves were asked, whether the confessions of those children tFere true,

and admonished

away from the very

stiffly,

to confess the truth, that they might turn

devil unto the living Grod.

and without shedding the

against their will and inclination.

At

first,

least tear,

most of them did

deny

it,

though much

After this the children were examined

every one by themselves, to see whether their confessions did agree or not,

and the commissioners found that

little

ones,

which could not

tell

all

all

of them, except

some very

the circumstances, did punctually

In the meanwhile, the com-

agree in their confessions of particulars.

missioners that were of the clergy examined the witches, but could not

bring them to any confession, at last

with what the children said fact,

continuing steadfast in their denials,

;

tears,

of

and

and these expressed

and begged pardon, adding that the

had stopped the mouths prey,

all

some of them burst out into

devil,

their abhorrence of the

whom

they called Locyta,

some of them, so loath was he

and had stopped the ears of others

they could no longer conceal

it,

for they

;

till

their confession agreed

to part with his

and being now gone from them,

had now perceived

his treachery."


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

172 The various

confessions, not only of tlie witches

and children

in

Mohra,

but of those of Elfdale, presented a remarkable uniformity, even in their

more minute

They

details.

all

asserted that they were carried to a place

called Blockula, although they appear to have been ignorant

where or

how great a distance it lay, and that they were there feasted by the arch-fiend. The confession of the witches of Elfdale ran thus: "We, of province of Elfdale, do confess, that we used to go to a gravel-pit, the at

which

lies

hard by a cross-way, and there we put on a

heads, and then danced round

and

;

called the devil thrice, first with a

and the third time very

louder,

come and carry us appear

to Blockula.'

but in different habits

,â&#x20AC;˘

;

vest- over our

after this ran to the cross-way,

still

loud, with these words,

and

somewhat

voice, the second time

'Antecessor,

Whereupon immediately he used to but for the most pa)rt we saw him in a

gray coat and red and blue stockings; he had a red beard, a high-crowned

wrapt about

hat, with linen of divers colors his stockings.

[It

is

and long garters upon

it,

very remarkable, says the report, that the devil

never appears to the witches with a sword by his

where Blockula filings of

lies.

We

church-clocks

If

we were content

had there ready, and carried us

to do so, he set us on a beast which he

over churches and high walls, and after

Then he asked

side.]

whether we would serve him with soul and body.

us,

all

we came

to a green

must procure some scrapings of

meadow

and then he gave us a horn, with a salve

;

and

altars,

in

it,

wherewith we do anoint ourselves, and a saddle with a hammer and a

wooden

nail,

thereby to

fix

the saddle

;

whereupon we

call

upon the

devil,

and away we go."

The witches

of

Mohra made

similar statements

;

and being asked

whether they were sure of a real personal transportation, and whether they were awake when

it

and they said that the place that

was very

like

took place, they

all

answered

in the affirmative;

devil sometimes laid something

them

;

down

in their

but one of them asserted that he did only

take away " her strength," while her body lay

still

though sometimes he took away her body

They were then

how

upon the ground, asked,

they could go with their bodies through chimneys and unbroken

panes of glass

;

to which they replied, that the devil did

that might hinder them in their go.

also.

Others,

flight,

first

remove

all

and so they had room enough to

who were asked how they were

able to carry so

many

chil-

dren with them, said that they came into the chamber where the children lay asleep, and laid hold of them, upon which they

asked them whether they would go

awoke

to a feast with them.

;

they then

To which


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. some answered, Yes

;

No, "yet they were

others,

173 forced to go

all

they

;"

only gave the children a shu't, and a coat, and doublet, which was either

red or blue, and so they set them upon a beast of the devil's providing,

The

and then they rode away.

children confessed that this

and some of them added, that because they had very

upon them, they were very willing to go. they concealed

from their parents, while

it

"

Blockula,

visits to

The witches

was

true,

fine clothes

put

Some of the children said that others made no secret of their

declared, moreover, that

till

of late,

they had never power to carry aw^ay children, but only this year and the last

was

;

and the

devil did at that time force

carry but one of their

sufficient to

which happened seldom

child with them,

and whip them,

if

them

to

own

children, or a stranger's

that heretofore

;

it

now he did plague them many children, insomuch that

but

;

they did not procure him

And

they had no peace nor quiet for him.

it

whereas that formerly one

journey a w^eek would serve their turn from their own town to the place

now

aforesaid, children,

they were forced to run to other towns and places for

and that they brought with them some

fifteen,

some sixteen

children every night."

The journey of conveyance

to Blockula

was not always made with the same kind

they commonly used men, beasts, even spits and posts,

;

according as they had opportunity.

upon goats, and

if

They

jDreferred,

back by means of a

could conveniently carry, they elongated

its

anointed with their magical ointment.

was farther

children did at any time

name

by

force, either to

stated, that

man

or

if

the'

woman,

had carried them away, they were again

it

;

and

this

some of the witches

and added, that now they were exceedingly troubled and

tured in their minds for

spit

Blockula or the cross-way, and there beaten,

insomuch that some of them died of confessed,

It

the names of those, either

that had been with them, and carried

however, riding

they had more children with them than the animal

it."

One thing was wanting

cumstance of their confession.

The marks

tor-

to confirm this cir-

of the whip could not be

found on the persons of the victims, except on one boy, who had some

wounds and

holes in his back, that were given

him with thorns

;

but the

witches said they would quickly vanish."

The en the

confessions were very minute in regard to the effects of the journey children, after their return.

ceedingly

weak

;

and

if

"

They

themselves the next day, and they often

which they know by

are," says the history, " ex-

any be carried over night, they can not recover fall

into

fits

;

the coming of

an extraordinary paleness that seizes on the children,


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

174 and when a

who

fit

comes upon

they lean upon their mother's arms,

tliem,

up with them, sometimes

sits

night,

all

and when they observe the

They

paleness, shake the children, but to no purpose.

that their children's breasts

grow cold

times a burning candle and stick

by

They swoon upon

it.

at such times,

come

to themselves again, they

town

to witness, as persons that

not burned

two hours, and when the

mourn and lament, and groan

most miserably, and beg exceedingly to be eased. clared upon oath before the judges,

is

which swoon lasteth sometime

this paleness,

half an hour, sometimes an hour, sometimes children

which yet

in their hair,

it

observe, further,

and they take some-

and

men

This the old

de-

called the inhabitants of the

had most of them experience of the

strong symptoms of their children."

The account they gave meadow,

like

a plain

of Blockula was, that

" wherein

sea,

you can

they met at had a great gate painted with this

gate they went into a

little

meadow

they turned their animals to graze. for their beasts of burthen,

many

distinct

When

was situated

in

a large

The house

no end."

divers colors.

Through

from the other, and here

they had

made

use of

men

they set them up against the wall in a state

of helpless slumber, and there they remained flight.

it

see

till

wanted

for the

homeward

In a very large room of this house, stood a long table, at which

down and adjoining to this room was another chamber, where there were " lovely and delicate beds."

the witches sat

"

The

;

lords commssioners," says the report, " were indeed very earnest,

and took great pains to persuade them to show some of to

no purpose

confessed

all,

;

for they did all

they found that

their tricks, but

unanimously declare, that since they had

all their

witchcraft was gone."

FROM A LETTER IN MORITZS EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. "You

desire

me

to give

you a written account of what I

related to you, regarding the soul's faculty of prescience.

lately verbally

As my

experi-

ence rests solely upon dreams, I have certainly reason to apprehend that


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

many

me

will take

dreamer; but

for a fantastic

thing to the very useful object of your work, think what they city of

what

is

Be that as it may, I vouch now more particularly relate.

I can contribute any-

no matter

for the truth

will.

I shall

"In the year

it

if

175

1*168, while learning the business of

people

let

and vera-

an apothecary

in the

royal medical establishment at Berlin, I played in the seventy-second

drawing of the Prussian numerical of

May "In

of the

which took place on the 30th

lottery,

same year, and fixed upon the numbers 22 and

60.

the night preceding the day of drawing, I dreamed that toward

twelve o'clock at noon, which

the time

is

On

up to him.

going up

he told

stairs,

when the

lottery

is

generally

me to tell me that I must come me to go immediately to Mr.

drawn, the master-apothecary sent down to

Mylius, the auctioneer, on the other side of the castle, and ask him

he had disposed of the books which had been

with him for sale

left

if

but

;

that I must return speedily, because he waited for his answer.

'"That's just the thing,' thought just

dreaming; 'the lottery

I, still

will

my commission, I will run quickly my numbers come out' (the lottery

be drawing, and as I have executed

to the general lottery-office, and see

was drawn at that time

in the

if

open street)

:

'

if

I only walk quick, I shall

be at home again soon enough.' " I

went therefore immediately,

(still

my

in

dream,) in compliance with

the orders I had received, to Mr, Mylius, the auctioneer, executed

my

commission, and, after receiving his answer, ran hastily to the general

lot-

on the

tery-office,

rations,

'

numbers into the wheel

was exhibited and "

one of

As

I

called out.

my own numbers

had not much

they would hasten as bers.

They had already begun moment I came up, No. 60

and a considerable number of spectators.

to put the

just

Here I found the customary prepa-

Hunters' Bridge.'

At

length they were

the

Oh,' thought

'

I,

'

it is

should be called out the

time, I

much

—and

now wished

a good omen, that

moment

for nothing so

I arrive.'

much

as that

as possible with telling in the remaining all

counted

in,

num-

and now I saw them bind the

eyes of the boy belonging to the orphan-school, and the numbers after-

ward drawn

"When '

in the

the

customary manner.

first

number was exhibited and

A good omen again

I'

thought I

;

'

No. 60

called out,

it

was No.

will also certainly

come

22.

out.'

The second number was drawn and behold, it was No. 60 " 'Now they may draw what they will,' said I to some one who stood near me; 'my numbers are out I have no more time to spare.' With

that, I turned myself about,

and ran

directly

home.


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGT.

176

my dream

" Here I awoke, and was as clearly conscious of relating

common

"

length

dream being and

still

when up

to

much

curiosity so

struck eleven, but

it

still

this

made me pay

that I could scarcely

there was no appearance of

It struck a quarter

fulfilled.

there was no probability of

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

I had already given up

it.

my

struck half-past eleven

it

came

to me,

"the greatest astonishment that

all

hope,

and told me to go

I went up

immediately to the master-apothecary.

and heard with

full

of expecta-

I must go directly

auctioneer, on the other side of the castle,

Mr. Mylius, the

him

my

one of the work-people unexpectedly

stairs

tion,

But

noon.

till

At

and excited

it,

perspicuity,

as nothing else than a

it

dream, in the general sense of the term.

attention to

wait

have regarded

so striking, I should

had not been

am now

as I

and the very particular

If its natural connection,

it.

and ask

he had disposed of the books at auction which had been entrusted

if

He

to him.

told

me

also, at

the same time, to return quickly, because he

waited for an answer.

"Who

made more despatch than

could have

my

Mr. Mylius, the auctioneer, executed his answer,

I went in

I?

ran as quickly as possible to the general

'Hunters' Bridge;' and,

full of

all

haste to

commission, and, after receiving lottery-office,

on the

astonishment, I saw that Xo. 60 was exhi-

moment I arrived. As my dream had been thus far so punctually fulfiEed,

bited and called out the

"

ing to wait the end of for nothing so

much

ing numbers.

At

it,

although I had so

as that they

I awaited the "

The

22!

first

final

it is

accomplishment of

The second was drawn, and

" It

now

occurred to ;

the crowd to let

me

The eyes

me

pass.

this

my was

and behold,

also as I

was Xo.

who was next

to

my

me

in

What,' said one of them to me, wUl you not

the numbers are all out

'

V

out,

and they may now draw what they

'

Xo,' said

I,

'

my numbers

please, for

aught I

are already

care.'

With

pushed through the crowd, and ran hastily and joy-

Thus was the whole of

stance, but literally

it

had dreamed, Xo. 60!

that I had already stayed longer than

till

foUj home.

dream.

called out,

wait

that, I turned about,

in the remain-

of the orphan-boy were

I therefore requested the person '

now will-

easy to conceive the eagerness with which

number was drawn and

errand allowed

I was

time; I therefore wished

would hasten with counting

length they finished.

bound, as customary, and

little

my dream

fulfilled,

not only in sub.

and verbatim.

" It wiU perhaps not be disagreeable to you, rences of a similar nature:

if

I relate two other occur


NAREATIVBS AND ANECDOTES.

On

"

of the

17T

the 18th of August, 1116, 1 dreamed I was walking in the vicinity

and intended to go home thence,

Silesian Gate,'

'

directly across the

by the Ricksdorf or Dresden road.

field,

" I found the

and

field full of stubble,

seemed as if the corn that had

it

stood there had only been reaped and housed a short time before.

was

really the case, although I

had not previously seen

On

it.

This

entering

the Ricksdorf road, I perceived that some persons had collected before

one of the

first

houses, and were looking

up at

I consequently sup-

it.

posed that something new had occurred in or before the house, and for

on coming up, I asked the

this reason,

matter here drawn.' *

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

'

?'

He

answered with great

So,' said I,

There they

first

'

is

it

person I met indifference,

drawn already

stand,' replied he,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; '

'

What

The

What numbers

?

and pointed with

is

the

lottery is

are out

his finger to the

?'

door of

a shop that was in the house, which I now perceived for the first time. " I looked at the door, and found that the numbers were written up, on a black border round the door, as ascertain

at the

if

is

In order to

frequently the case.

there was really a shop, with a receiving house for the lottery,

commencement

of the Ricksdorf road, I did not think

trouble to go there, and found that this was really the case.

my

vexation, I found that only one of

numbers had come

too

much

To my

great

it

I looked

out.

over the numbers once more, in order not to forget them, and then went

home

disappointed.

"On

awaking, I was hindered, by an accidental noise, from immediately

recollecting

my

dream, but shortly afterward

and, after a little reflection, related

it,

but found

it diificult

"That No. 41 was

the

remembered perfectly well also certain, only I

I remembered

first, ;

it

it

again occurred to me;

as clearly as I have

to recollect all the five numbers.

and No. 21 the second of the numbers, I

that the third which followed was a

this, it

distinctly to

have seen

;

6,

I was

which I had seen

was not confident whether the

hereabouts belonged to the 6 or the following number

remembered very

now

and, as I

4,

which I also

was not

certain of

might have been just as well 6 and 4 alone, as 60 and 40.

"I was

the least confident as to the

fifth

number

:

that

it

was between

50 and 60 I was certain, but which I could not precisely determine.

had already

laid

according to

my

"

was

As

money upon No.

and

this

I

was the number which,

dream, should come out.

remarkable as

diffident of

21,

it,

my dream

appeared to be in other respects, yet I

from being unable to remember

all

the five numbers.

Although I was quite certain that among the sixteen numbers mentioned 12


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

178

—that

those between 50 and 60, and the six previously indicated

is,

the five which I had seen in there was

still

my dream

were contained

time enough to secure the numbers, yet

on account of the considerable sum

the

all

I therefore contented myself with a few amis and ternes,

sixteen numbers.

and had, besides

all

did not suit me,

it

would require to stake upon

it

and although

;

the disaiDpointment of selecting a bad conjunction

this,

of numbers.

"The

third day afterward (the 21st of August, 1^16) the lottery

drawn.

was the two hundred and

It

numbers which I had seen 21, 52,

42

;

fifteenth drawing,

my dream came

in

out exactly

and I now remembered that No. 52 was

which I had seen

in

my

and

was

the five

all

— namely,

60, 4,

the.fifth of those

dream, and which I could not previously recol-

lect with certainty.

"Instead of some thousand

was now compelled

dollars, I

to be con-

tented with about twenty!

"The

third, and, for the present, the last occurrence of this kind,

I shall relate,

"On mine

was

the 21st of September, 17tt, I dreamed that a good friend of

and

visited me,

after the conversation

he desired that he might fortune which I

had at that

which I now take up

my hand :

it

into the

me upon

it

took

I

25.

was going

moment

news that

all

in the

to fold

it

The number

it,

and looked at

up and put

my dream,

as I have

it

again

now

related

it,

two hours before the lottery

back from the lottery-agent, with the

completely

filled

up.

The

on the 24th of September, and the number really came

"Although I very

'

number, and therefore staked so much upon

my money

my number was

money upon

the numbers out ^of the_

I awoke,

as to be satisfied with the winnings; but

was drawn, I received

wheel of

come out at the next drawing.' I put

so clear a recollection of

had much confidence

little

intention of staking

heap and drew out a number, unfolded

was very plainly

"Having

my

the table, and said to him,

will certainly

into the wheel, but that very

I

of

lottery,

time.

"He drew several numbers, with the When he had done drawing, I

wheel, laid them before

had turned upon the

draw some numbers out

them.

it

which

as follows:

willingly allow,

and

am

lottery

was drawn

out.

well aware, that

many and

perhaps the generality of dreams arise from causes which are founded

merely in the body, and therefore can have no further significance believe I have been convinced

—yet I

by repeated experience that there are not

unfrequently dreams, in the origin and existence of which the body, as


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

179 «

such, has no part

and to

;

these, in

my

opinion, belong the three instances

above mentioned.

"I do sion to

not think that the contents of these dreams ought to give occa-

any one

to

judge wrongfully

have selected others

;

for otherwise, I could just as well

but I have placed them together precisely because

:

of their similarity.

"Christ. Knape, " Doct. of Philosophy, Medicine, and Surgery."

lltnmrluiW^

^abittioii

n

of

JfiiKIntent

FROM A GERMAN AUTHOR. In

my

younger days, there was a dinner given in the village of Flo-

remburgh, "Westphalia, where I was born, on the occasion of a baptism, to which the clergyman, a very worthy man,

was

invited.

During dinner,

the conversation turned upon the grave-digger of the place,

who was

well-known, particularly on account of his second-sight, and even feared

saw a

for as often as he

was always

corpse, he

be a funeral out of such and such a house.

telling that there

Now,

would

as the event invaria-

bly took place, the inhabitants of the house he indicated were placed by the man's tale in the greatest dilemma and anxiety, particularly

was any one

in the house

bably be hastened

who was

ill

or sickly,

the prediction were not concealed from him

if

if

there

whose death might pro-

—which,

however, generally took place. This man's prophecying was an abomination to the clergyman.

bade

it,

he reproved, he scolded, but

although he was a drunk^^rd, and a believed firmly that

make

it

known,

as all reproof

it

all

man

was a prophetic

in order that the people

was

to no purpose

in vain, the

of gift

;

expelled the village.

of

might

God, and that he must still

At

repent.

length,

clergyman gave him n6tice that

This availed

—the

for-

low and vulgar sentiments,

announced one funeral more, he should be deprived of

that time forward.

He

for the poor dolt,

his place,

if

he

and

grave-digger was silent from

Half a year afterward,

in

autumn, about the year

1145, the grave-digger comes to the clergyman and says

:

" Sir, you


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

180

have forbidden me to announce any more

more

so since, nor will I do so any

that is

you may

In a few weeks a corpse

will

sinful to

but listened to

it

with indifference, and replied

off

such superstitious

follies

;

:

it

have anything to do with them."

to the clergyman is

for, in

;

my

and remarkable

drawn on a sledge

country, a corpse being

most disgraceful, because the bodies of those that commit

and notorious malefactors, are thus drawn on sledges.

suicide,

Some weeks

after a strong

on their way to the

village

snow

second-sight

The clergyman seemingly

this,

thing, nevertheless, appeared extremely singular

by an ox

my

be drawn on a sledge by an ox."

" Only go about your business, and leave

The

you something

tell

see that

be brought up the meadow,

paid no attention to

is

and I have not done

now

will

really true.

which

;

particularly remarkable, that

is

funerals,

but I must

body

of Austrian troops passed through the

At

nearly three feet deep.

fell

While

JSTetherlands.

The

another village of the same parish.

no horses came back

;

stench became intolerable virtue of necessity

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

:

;

the corpse

woman

died in

away

military took

horses out of the country to drag their wagons. lay there

resting there a day, the

the same time, a

all

the

Meanwhile the corpse

began to

putrify,

and the

they were, therefore, compelled to make a

upon a sledge and harness an ox

to place the corpse

to the vehicle.

In the meantime, the clergyman, and the schoolmaster with proceeded to the entrance of the village to meet the corpse

came along the meadow

funeral

and, as the

in this array, the grave-digger

up to the clergyman, pulled him by the gown, pointed with it,

;

his scholars,

stepped

his finger to

and said not a word.

Such was the man.

tale,

with

all its

circumstances, as related

I was well acquainted with the good

an untruth, much

of telling

less in

man

by the

clergy-

he was incapable

:

a matter which contradicted

all his

principles.

Another history of related to to

whom Both

it

of

which I can vouch, wag

father and his brother, both very pious men, and

would have been impossible

them had

vince of Mark, er's.

this kind, for the truth of

me by my late

to

have told a falsehood.

business, on one occasion, in the

when they were

Westphaliau pro-

invited to dinner at the protestant preach-

During the repast, the subject of second-sight was likewise brought

upon the carpet.

The

also a grave-digger

minister spoke of

who was

afflicted

it

with acrimony, because he had

with that

repeatedly forbidden him from mentioning

it,

but

evil

;

all to

he had often and

no purpose.


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

181

one occasion, the prognosticator came to the minister and said, " I

On

have to

tell

you,

that in a short time there will be a funeral from

sir,

your house, and you

have to follow the

will

funeral attendants."

the other

coffin before all

anger, and displeasure, got so

Terror,

much

the

better of the good pastor, that he drove the thoughtless fellow out of the

door

was near her confinement

for his wife

;

:

and, notwithstanding every

rational view which he took, he passed a very melancholy time of

at length his wife

was

safely delivered

and out of

reproached the grave-digger most bitterly, and

unfounded thy reveries have been said, " Sir, the

matter

is

!"

But

it,

" See, now,

said,

till

He now

danger.

all

how

the corpse-seer only smiled and

not yet finished."

Immediately afterward the preacher's servant-maid died of an apo-

Now,

plexy.

the custom there for the master of the house, on such

it is

occasions, to immediately follow the coffin, before the next relatives

but this time the preacher endeavored to avoid

He

the corpse-seer.

it,

did not venture, however, to offend the parents of

the deceased, which he would have done most grossly

lowed the

He

coffin.

stance that his wife

as

was

he had not

if

found, therefore, a suitable excuse

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;who,

fol-

in the circum-

according to the custom prevalent there, was

then to go to church for the his place,

:

confound

in order to

first

time after her confinement

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;should take

and he would then accompany the schoolmaster and

his scholars,

usual.

This was discussed and agreed upon, and the parents were likewise satisfied

with

it.

On

company assembled porch

;

when the

at the parsonage.

funeral was to take place, the

The

;

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;the minister was

stepped behind the

when that very moment the

coffin,

could not go to church it

minister's wife

;

it.

fell

in the

in

a

fit

but was so

terrified

by

;

ill

she was

that she

this accident,

no longer occurred to him to make the grave-digger into a coffin, as

;

laid hold of the bier,

down

herself,

and the minister was so

but he stepped very quietly behind the

have

on a bier

just going out to his appointed place

and the bearers

taken into a room, and brought again to

that

coffin lay

the schoolmaster with his scholars stood in a circle in front of the

house and sang his wife

the day

liar,

the prognosticator would


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

182

TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN OF STILLING.

The

own Academy

in his

the E-oyal

handwriting.

the papers of the late

La Harpe was

This

M.

a member of

of Sciences, in Paris, that storehouse of satire

and Yoltarian absurdity

religion,

who

among

narrative before us was found

La Harpe,

La Harpe

1

on

himself was a freethinker,

believed nothing, but who, before his end, was thoroughly converted,

and died I will

and hope of the gospel.

in the faith

relate the narrative

first

add a few remarks respecting " It seems to

me

as if

it

its

Harpe's own words, and then

He

writes as follows

were but yesterday, although

We

of the year 1188.

the beginning

La

in

authenticity.

man

colleagues of the academy, a

judges, learned men, academicians,

were diuing with one of our

&c.,

ranks

all

and had done

At

ample, and, as usual, well-farnished repast. festivity,

:

happened at

The

of genius and respectability.

company, which was numerous, was selected from

and Constantia heightened the

it

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

courtiers,

to the

justice

the dessert, Malvasier

and augmented,

in

good

society,

that kind of freedom which does not always keep itself witliiu defined

bounds.

"The world was

at that time arrived at such a pitch, that

it

was

permitted to say anything with the intention of exciting merriment.

Chamfort had read to us some of

and noble

ladies

their fans.

had

After

listened to

this,

One person quoted a

his

blasphemous and lascivious

tales,

them even without having recourse to

followed a whole host of sarcasms on religion.

tirade from Pucelle

;

another reminded the company

of that philosophical verse of Diderot's in which he says, ''Strangle the last

king with the entrails of the last priest

!'

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;and

all

Another stood up elevating a bumper, and exclaimed,

am just fool

;'

as certain that there

and, in

reality.,

no God, as I

is

am

'

clapped applause.

Yes, gentlemen, I

certain that

Homer

is

a

he was as certain of one as the other, for the -

Homer and of God, and there were among who had spoken well of both the one and the other. "The conversation now became more serious. The revolution that

company had

just spoken of

the guests those

Yoltaire had effected was spoken of with admiration that

it

was

this

which formed the principal basis of

;

and

it

was agreed

his fame.

He

had


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. given the tone to his age

183

he had written in such a manner, that he

;

was read in both the ante-chamber and the drawing-room.

company

One

of the

related to us, with a loud laugh, that his hair-dresser, while

powdering him,

said,

'

Look,

am

although I

sir,

yet I have no more religion than another

only a poor journeyman,

It

!'

was concluded that the

revolution would be completed without delay, and that superstition and

make way

fanaticism must calculated,

The probable period was

philosophy.

for

and which of the company would have the happiness of living

The more aged lamented that they dared

during the reign of Reason.

not flatter themselves with the idea

the younger ones rejoiced at the

;

and the academy,

in particular,

was congratulated on having prepared the great work, and

for being the

probability that they would live to see

it

;

and the prime mover, of liberty

focus, the centre,

"A single individual had taken

no part

of thought.

and had even very gently scattered some jokes upon siasm.

was M. Cazotte, an amiable and

It'

.

in all this pleasant conversation,

their noble enthu-

man, but who,

original

unfortunately, was completely taken up with the reveries of those

He now

believe in a superior enlightening.

said in the most serious tone

:

'

Gentlemen, rejoice

;

you

that I apply myself a

will all see

it.'

"

'

There requires no prophetic

"

'

True,' rejoined he,

going to

'

what

it

will

is,

all,

immediate consequences, " is

'

Let us see

1'

:

gift for that purpose,'

when reason triumphs

be to you

to prophesying

much

its

many

as

will

desire.

I repeat

was the

you

it,

reply.

am now

but perhaps something more for what I

Do you know what

you.

tell

lution' (that

'

little

become

will all

witnesses of that great and sublime revolution which you so

You know

who

took up the discourse, and

be the result from this revo-

in opposition to revealed religion)

now

as are

here

?

what

be

will

?

its

undeniable and acknowledged effects V

said Condorcet, putting on an air of simplicity

'

;

it

not disagreeable to a philosoper to meet with a prophet.' " 'You,

M.

Cordorcet,' continued

M. Cazotte, 'you

will give

ghost, stretched out on the floor of a subterraneous prison.

up the

You

will

die of poison, that you will have swallowed, in order to escape the

executioner

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; of poison, which

the happiness of those times shall compel

you always to carry about with you " This at

first

I'

excited great astonishment

;

but

it

was soon remembered

that the worthy Cazotte sometimes dreamed waking, and the burst out into a loud laugh. tale

you relate

to us

is

'

M.

company

Cazotte,' said one of the guests,

'

the

not near so amusing as your "Devil in Love'"


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

184

('Le Diahle Amoioreux^ *

What

has this in

common with philosophy and

the reign

V

of reason '

What

?

romance written by Cazotte.)

little

you the dungeon, the poison, and the

devil has suggested to

executioner

"

a pretty

is

This

is

just

what I

you,' replied Cazotte.

tell

name

philosophy, in the

to pass, that such will be your end

triumph, for she will have her temples

*

and reason

:

;

In the name of

and reason,

of humanity, liberty,

come

will it

then certainly

will

nay, at that period, there

will

be no other temples in all France than the temples of reason.' " 'Truly,' said Chamfort, with a sarcastic smile, 'you will be no priest of these temples.'

" Cazotte answered

I hope not

'

:

;

but you, M. Chamfort, who will be

one of them, and are very worthy of being

you

so,

twenty-two incisions of the razor, and yet you afterward "

The company looked

at each other,

'

:

an attack of the gout,

same night

will die the

and laughed again.

You, M. Vicq. d'Azyr,

yourself, but will afterward cause

in order to

make

six times in

^^ ^

v^,

!

one day

the matter more sure, and you

M. Mcolai, will die upon the scaffold '"You, M. Bailly, on the scaffold I— " You, M. Malesherbes, on the scaffold " God be thanked exclaimed M. Raucher, I

'

' ,

I'

'

'

!'

Cazotte has only to do with the academicians

havoc among them.

I,

Heaven be

" Cazotte interrupted him

" 'Ha

!

this is

exterminate us Cazotte.

all

No,

?

:

*

praised

You ?

—you

appears that

it

M.

he has just made dreadfu]

:

will die

a wager,' resounded from

on the

sides

all

;

scaffold also

?'

he has sworn to

I'

it is

" The company. Tartars

open your veins

will not

them to be opened

" 'You,

*'

some months

!'

" Cazotte continued

in

open your veins by

will

will die only

not I that have sworn

it.

we be then under

Shall

subjection

to

Turks and

and yet—

"Cazotte. Nothing less.

I have already told you that you will then

be under the government of philosophy and reason. treat you in this

manner

will

be

all

philosophers

Those that

;

making use of those very expressions which you have been mouthing the last hour

;

they will repeat

all

will

they will be continually

your maxims, and,

like you, will

for

quote

the verses of Diderot and Pucelle.

"The

guests whispered into each others' ears

:

'You

see clearly that


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. he has lost his reason' serious.)

'

something of the wonderful T

is

when

shall all this take place

'

"Cazotte.

be

shall

"

;

and

joining,

— Yes,'

wonders are not very pleasing

his

speaking thus, he continued very

while

(for

Don't you see that he

much

they are

he mixes

in all his jests

said Chamfort,

'

but I must confess

And

too gallows-like.

?'

Six years shall not pass over before

'

185

all

that I have told you

fulfilled!'

'You

us many wonderful things' — — and do you say nothing of me tell

that spoke

was

it

this time I

(La Harpe)

?'

'

" 'With respect to you,' answered Cazotte, 'a wonder will take place

You

that will be at least quite as remarkable.

"

we

A general exclamation

only perish "

'

We

in being

'

!

JSTow I

when La Harpe

am

of the female sex,' said the

at ease,' said

Chamfort

'

:

!'

if

we are immortal.' Duchess de Grammont, are fortunate '

When

do not intend to say that we do not interfere

maxim

then be a Christian

a Christian,

is

reckoned as nothing in revolutions.

a generally-received

will

in

I say as nothing, I

them a

little

;

that we, and those of our sex, are not

but

it is

deemed

responsible on that account.'

" Cazotte.

Your

and however

little

sex, ladies, will

be

this time

you may be desirous of

treate'(f^recisely as the

no protection to you

interfering, yet

men, and no difference

will

you

will

;

be

be made with respect

to you. ''The duchess.

But what

is

you are

it

telling

certainly are announcing the end of the world

"Cazotte. That I

"The

not

;

M. Cazotte?

You

but what I do

know is, that you, my and many other ladies

—you, —upon a hurdle, with your hands bound behind you.

lady duchess, will

with you

know

us,

!

be drawn

to the scaffold

I hope, however, in that

duchess.

case, that

I

shall

have a

mourning-coach.

No,

"Cazotte.

drawn upon a "The blood

madam

!

Ladies of higher rank than you

hurdle, with their hands

duchess.

will

be

bound behind them.

Ladies of higher rank?

What, the

princesses of the

?

"Cazotte.

"A

Of

visible

still

higher rank

!

emotion now manifested

itself

and the master of the house assumed an be evident that the joke was carried too

"The Duchess de Grammont,

through the whole company,

air of displeasure.

It began to

far.

in order to dispel the cloud, let the last

reply drop, and contented herself with saying, in a most jocular tone,


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

186

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; 'You

me

not even leave

will

the consolation

a

of

!'

madam, none

"Cazotte. Xo,

The

else.

he

see

shall

confessor

last sufferer to

will

whom

be given, either to you, or to any one

the favor of a confessor will be granted

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; (here he paused a moment). "The

Well,

duchess.

who

be granted

privilege will

will the fortunate

whom

mortal be, to

this

?

"Cazotte. It will be the only privilege he will retain, and this will be the king of France

!

" The master of the house

emotion,

You

'

My

carry

and the company " Cazotte

and to a degree

far,

which you

in

made no

reply,

Duchess de Grammont, who taken in a

sei'ious light,

said nothing of your

"

He

was

silent,

"The

own

told us

went to him and

our fortunes, but have

fate.'

downward, and then

madam, the

said,

'

Have you

history of the siege of Jerusalem

who has not read

madam! during

this

V

it? but do as though I

siege,

upon the walls round the town,

cessive days

hilarity,

all

it.

Well,

"Cazotte.

yourself,

endeavored to prevent the matter being

and labored to restore

duchess. Certainly;

had never read

which you endanger

and was preparing to depart, when the

still

cast his eyes

ever read in Josephus,

in

are.'

'Now, Mr. Prophet, you have

said,

from the table and the

hastily arose

went to M. Cazotte, and said with deep

dear Cazotte, this lamentable joke has lasted long enough. too

it

now

He

whole company w4th him.

in

a

man went

seven suc-

the sight of both the

besiegers and the besieged, and cried out incessantly with a mournful voice, cried,

Wo

'

to Jerusalem

'Wo

!

Wo

to Jerusalem

wo

to Jerusalem, and

moment he was crushed enemy's engines.

Thus

departed."

to death

far

by an immense

who were

his

the same

from the

bow and

the

manner here predicted by Cazotte.

whom

Duke de

of this narration being true, it is

certainly true,

present at the dinner lost their lives precisely in

all

probably the

in

stone, hurled

after its fulfilment; for

that

entertainment, to

the seventh day he

La Harpe.

and written perhaps

those

On

"After these words, M. Cazotte made

Here everything depends upon the whole or fictitious,

!'

to myself also! and

The person who gave the

Cazotte prophesied nothing, and Chaiseul,

who was most

was the only one that died a natural

The worthy and pious Cazotte was guillotined. I ask every candid connoisseur that knows how to

death.

distinguish that


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. which

is

ideal

from a true copy taken from nature,

be a fabrication

It has so

?

many

187

if this

narrative can

shades and peculiarities which

little

would never have occurred to an inventor, and which he would not have regarded as necessary. object of such a fabrication

?

And

then, where

would have been the

A freethinker could not

have invented

it

because, by so doing, he would have been acting in complete opposition to his principles

;

for he

would thus be disseminating views to which he

a mortal enemy, and which he regards as a most stupid superstition. it

be supposed that a fanatic or an enthusiast had invented

it

for the

purpose of saying something striking, the nature of the narrative

which bears no resemblance to

fiction,

itself,

contradicts such a supposition, to

La Harpe

which must be added the certainty that M.

own hand.

is

If

wrote

it

with his

may be found in the, "(Euvres Choisies et Posthiimes''^ of M. La Harpe, celebrated member of the French academy, published at It

Faris by Mignerol, in four volumes octavo, in 1806.

The

following anecdote was penned

care, after being previously narrated

Seckendorf

down with

the greatest possible

by the imperial

privy-counsellor,

Yon

:

King Frederick William

I.,

of Prussia, the father of Frederick II.,

stood in such a friendly connection with Augustus possible, they

saw one another at

least once a year.

case a short time before the death of the latter, to be in tolerable health, except that he in one of his toes.

II.,

of Poland, that,

This was also the

who appeared

had rather a

if

at the time

serious inflammation

The- physicians had therefore strictly warned him

against any- excess in the use of wine, &c.

;

and the King of Prussia, who

was aware of this, gave orders to his field-marshal. Yon Grumbkow, who was to accompany the King to the borders, and to entertain him there at one of the royal residences according to his rank, that, at the parting dinner, he

was

carefully to avoid everything

by which that moderation

in

the use of wine, which the physicians, for the above reason, had so strongly

recommended

to the Polish monarch, might be exceeded;


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

188

But on

make

a

the king's desiring to have a few

were,

finish, as it

a courtyard of the royal

carried in a sedan to

champagne, to

own

share, that, in passing over

of

for his

it

he broke a rib against the

villa to his quarters,

pole of a carriage, and

bottles of

himself fond of this wine,

much

consented, and drank so

more

Grumbkow, who was

was therefore obliged, the next morning,

King Augustus,

journey very early, and had

some commissions to give him

still

to be

as the latter intended to pursue his for the

Prussian monarch.

On

in a short fur cloak,

with the exception of a shirt open at the front.

In

this very dress,

this occasion the

but with

his eyes closed,

February, 1133, about three o'clock

Grumbkow, and ce

said to him,

in the

"Mon

cher

moment a Yarsoviel"* Grumbkow, the pain of whose broken

repose,

had observed immediately

and through

which, having

made the

opened

;

of Poland

was only dressed

he appeared on the 1st of

morning, to Field-Marshal

Grumbkow,

je viens de

rib at that time allowed

before,

his thin bed-curtains, that the

his valet-de-chambre slept,

by the

Yon

mourir

him little

light of his night-lamp,

door of

that a long

his ante-room, in

human

which

figure entered,

tour of his bed with a slow and solemn pace, on

There stood the figure of King Augus-

a sudden opened his bed-curtains. tus,

King

exactly as the latter had presented himself alive before him, only a few

days previous, before the astonished Grumbkow; and, after having spoken the words above mentioned,

rang the

bell,

it

Grumbkow

went out of the door again.

and asked the valet-de-chambre, who hastened

in at the

same door, whether he had not seen the person who had just come gone out

;

Grumbkow

immediately wrote a statement of the whole

friend, the imperial

who was

embassador and field-marshal. Count

at that time at

King Frederick William's

him to communicate the matter, parade.

On

the arrival of

Seckendorf 's, which was at

Yon

with him but sy,

and

in

but he had seen nothing.

in a

Yon

court,

Seckeudorf,

and besought

proper manner, to the King on the

Grumbkow's note

five o'clock in

Seckendorf, his

affair to his

at the embassador

Yon

the morning, there was no one

sister's son,

and secretary

to the embas-

afterward minister at the court of Brandenburg- Anspach, and finally

imperial privy-counsellor.

note to read

Grumbkow;

:

"

One

The former

said to him, while offering

would think that pain had

I must, however,

made a

him the

visionary of old

communicate the contents of

this letter to

the king, this very day." Forty-six hours after *

"

My

(if

I mistake not) the

news arrived

dear Grumbkow, I have just expired at

Warsaw

at Berlin, !"

by


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. who were

the Polish ulans and Prussian hussars,

189

stationed every ten miles

from "Warsaw to Berlin, that the king of Poland died at

Warsaw, that Grumbkow saw It

may

also be added, in confirmation of the above,

and Acts of Frederick William

of the Life

burgh and BreslaU; 1735,"

same hour,

in the

the apparition.

p. 454, that the

I.,

from the "History

King of Prussia

King

of

Poland

is

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Ham-

also stated

there to have died on the 1st of February, iToS, and that this event was

already

King

known

in Berlin

on the 4th.

of Poland, in his journey

It

is

also further observed that the

backward and forward between Dresden

and Warsaw, took the road from Dresden by way of Crossau to Karga, and thence

Warsaw; on which

finally to

occasion the

King

of Prussia

almost always sent General Grumbkow, one of his ministers of state, to

welcome him

there.

The truth of integrity tain fact.

upon the

tale rests

this

and sagacity

it

would be criminal

King Augustus,

regretted that he had so

ill

He

kow's entertainment.

credibility of

to doubt:

it is

persons whose therefore a cer-

at the approach of death, assuredly deeply

followed the advice of his physician at

might

same time, deem

also, at the

reprehensible for not having removed out of the

Grumbhis host

way everything that might

be injurious to him, and for having complied with

his desire for

champagne,

although he knew the sentiments of the physicians, and had, besides received instructions from the

might be pernicious to regret,

and with

Under the

he died.

sensible of his error

his imagination,

and

this,

of Prussia carefully to avoid whatever

his royal guest.

this fixed idea,

make Grumbkow upon

King

The

influence of this deep

earnest desire he had to

was the reason why he wrought

developed hisfeeliug of presentiment: and hence

originated the apparition.

The Duke

of

Buckingham was prime

England, whose favorite he was

;

minister to Charles

and, being looked

of the arbitrary acts in which the king indulged, he

the people, and afterward lost his

life

in a violent

I.,

king of

upon as the author

was much hated by

manner, being stabbed


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

190

by Lieatenant Feltoa

with, a knife

Lord Clarendon,

in the thirty-sixtii

year of bis age.

History of the Rebellion and Civil "War in

his

in

England, gives the following account of an apparation which preceeded the death of the

Among

"

Duke

of

Buckingham

universally esteemed for his integrity

time about

:

the officers of the wardrobe at Windsor, was a

This

years of age.

fifty

man who was

and prudence, and who was at that

man had been brought

up, in his

youth, at a college in Paris, where Greorge Villiers, the father of the

Duke

of

Buckingham, was

also

whom

educated, with

he formed an

intimate friendship, but had never spoken with him since that period.

As

this

keeper of the robes was lying in his bed at "Windsor, in perfect

months before the murder of the duke, there appeared to him

health, seven

man

at midnight a

of venerable aspect,

bed, and asked him, while looking at him

At

first

who drew

aside the curtains of his

steadfastly, if he did not

he made no reply, being half dead through fear.

asked the second time recollection of

if

George

know him.

But, on being

he did not remember ever to have seen him, the

from the similarity of features and dress,

Villiers,

occurred to him: he therefore said he took him for George Yilliers. apparition replied that he was in the right, and begged of him to do

The

him the favor and

tell

him

'

to

go to

his son, the

not be permitted to live long.' vanished, and the

"On

of Buckingham, in his name,

make

himself popular, or

a.t

minds of the people, otherwise he would

least to soothe the embittered

slept quietly

Duke

that he must exert himself to

After these words the apparition

good man, whether he was

fully

awake or not awake,

morning.

till

awaking, he regarded the apparition as a dream, and paid no

particular attention to

it.

A

night or two afterward, the same person

appeared again, in the very same place and at the same hour, with rather a more serious aspect than the

first

time,

executed the commission he had gave him. well that he

that

not

it

had not done

so, it

and asked him

As

the apparition

request, he should

he had

reproached him very severely, and added

had expected greater compliance from him, and that

fulfil its

if

knew very

have no

rest,

but that

it

if

he would

would follow him

everywhere.

"The

terrified

morning he was

keeper of the robes promised obedience; but in the

still

irresolute

and knew not what to

do.

He

could not

bring himself to regard this second apparition, which was so clear and obvious, as a

dream

;

and

yet,

on the other hand, the high rank of the

duke, the difficulty of obtaining admission to his presence, and, above

all,


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. the consideration to

how he

make

should

him to defeat the execution of

"He

was

for

his

191

the duke believe the thing, seemed

errand and render

it

impossible.

some days undetermined what he should do: at length he

took the resolution to be as inactive in the matter as before. third

But a

and more dreadful vision the two former now succeeded

;

the

apparition reproached him in a bitter tone with not fulfilling his promise.

The keeper

of the robes confessed that he

had delayed the accomplish-

ment of that which had been imposed upon him, on account of the difficulty of

approaching the duke, as he knew no one through

could hope to gain admission to him

and even

;

whom

he

he found means to

if

obtain an audience, yet the duke would not believe that he had received

such a commission, he would look upon him as insane, or suppose that he

sought to deceive him,

either

from personal malice, or from being

by designing people.

prompted to

it

inevitable.

But the

In

this

manner

apparition continued firm to

its

his ruin

that he should have no rest until he had complied with also added, that admittance to his son

was

easy,

wished to speak with him need not wait long.

he might gain credence,

it

would state

to

its

desire.

It

and that those who

In order, however, that

him two or three circumstances,

but of which he must mention nothing to any himself,

would be

purpose, and said

one,,

except to the duke

who, upon hearing them, would give credit to the rest of his

story also.

"The man now third for

demand

London

;

believed himself under the necessity of obeying this

of the apparition,

and therefore

set off the

next morning

and as he was intimately acquainted with Sir Ralph Free-

man, the master of requests, who had married a near relative of the

him with

duke's, he waited

upon him, and besought him to

influence to obtain

an audience, having matters of importance to commu-

nicate to the duke which

demanded great

assist

privacy, and

his

some time and

patience.

"Sir Ralph knew the prudence and modesty of the man, and concluded,

from what he had heard only in

general

expressions,

something extraordinary was the cause of his journey.

He

that

therefore

promised compliance, and that he would speak with the duke on the subject.

He

seized the first opportunity to mention to the

duke the good

character of the man, and his wish for an audience, and communicated to

him everything he knew of the matter.

The duke gave him,

for

answer, that he was going early the following day, with the king, to the chase,

and that

his horses

would wait

for

him at

*

Lambeth

Bridge,' where


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

192

him

there, he

morning

five in the

he intended to land, at

:

and

if

the

man would

attend

might converse with him as long as was necessary.

" Sir Ralph did not

to conduct the keeper of the robes, at the hour

fail

appointed, to the place, and introduce him to the duke on his landing

The duke received him very

from

his vessel.

aside,

and spoke with him nearly a

place but Sir

Ralph and the duke's servants

such a distance, that

it

was impossible

for

courteously,

took him

There was no one at the

hour.

full

;

but

them

all

them stood at

of

to hear anything of the

conversation, although they saw that the duke spoke frequently with

emotion.

Sir

Ralph Freeman, who had

duke, observed this

still

his eyes constantly fixed

better than the rest;

told him, on their return to London, that

and the keeper of the robes

when the duke heard the

make

cular incidents which he revealed to him, in order to

communication credible, he changed the devil could

have disclosed

and another person knew of told

it

to

color,

this to him,

it,

of

whom

much

upon the

parti-

the rest of his

and affirmed that no one but

because none but he (the duke)

he was convinced that she had

no one.

"The duke continued

the chase.

It was, however, observed that he

frequently left the company, and appeared sunk in deep thought, and took

no part

in the pleasure.

He

left

the chase the same forenoon, alighted at

Whitehall, and repaired to his mother's apartments, with closeted for

two or three hours.

the adjoining apartments

;

whom

he was

Their loud conversation was heard in

and when he came

out,

much

disturbance,

mingled with anger, was visible in his countenance, which had never before

been observed after conversing with

his

mother, for

whom

The countess was found

tified the greatest respect.

departure of her son, and plunged into the deepest

known and

ascertained, that she did not

he always

tes-

in tears after the

So much

grief.

is

seem surprised when she received

the news of the assassination of the duke, which followed some months afterward. it,

It

would therefore appear that she had previously foreseen

and that her son had informed her of what the keeper of the robes had

discovered to him; nor did she manifest that grief in the sequel which she

must necessarily have It

is

felt at

the loss of such a beloved son."

privily related that the particular circumstances of

er of the robes

which the keep-

reminded the duke had reference to a forbidden intercourse

which he had with one of

his very near relatives

;

and as he had every

reason to suppose that the lady herself would not speak of that, besides herself, only the devil could

it,

he thought

know and say anything

of

it.


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

^U

ij\t

193

Paiir's CljrJstmas St0r|, AS RELATED TO HER NIECES.

my

I HATE never told you Christmas, which

whole story

and what

my

and

it is

was

sin there

However,

dear nieces.

woman, I

may have

in it I trust I

it

true

is

my

expiated by

expiation of

last

this

will give the

a strange story, and a sad one,

Perhaps the

repentance.

my

secret,

well be the last to an old

though

for

;

may

all is this

;

tears

painful

confession.

We were very young at the time, Lucy and I, and the neighbors said we were pretty. So we were, I believe, though entirely different for Lucy was quiet, and fair, and I was full of life and spirits wild beyond ;

;

any power of

more

But

lit

control,

and

was the

I

reckless.

elder

by two years

my

to be in leading-strings myself than to guide or govern

for

;

advice was to be given,

if

it

was she who gave

and I never knew her judgment or perception

My

of the house.

mother had died soon

fail.

Lucy was

after

it,

Lucy

actly like

;

been only eighteen when

One

Lucy was now

and, as

born.

A picture

—were trying our

all

young

loved any of

us,

to find cradles

and

and

in

pictures of the future

could only miniature

;

full

—the

I,

;

years,

mythic

if

"He"'s

or pouring hot lead into water,

coffins

;

or breaking the whites of

and then drawing up the white

prettiest experiment of

make a recumbent and

and

of water,

ex-

fortunes round the drawing-rooia

what proportion

rings, or purses

eggs into tumblers half

was

mother had

not one of us

girls,

throwing nuts into the brightest blaze, to hear

;

my

and

seventeen,

was taken, there was no discrepancy of

it

All-hallow's eve a party of us

twenty years of age

not I

She was the darling

-

in the dining-room of her, in spite of all the difference of dress,

like

but

she was so good, so quiet, and so wise, that she needed no one's

guidance

fire

;

sister.

all.

I

remember Lucy

figure of hers, like a marble

a maze of masks, and

skulls,

into

monumeut

in

and things that looked

dancing apes or imps, and vapory lines that did not require much

imagination to fashion into ghosts or spirits in the outline, but thin

and vapory.

and teazed one another, and were as cence,

and thoughtlessness,

;

for they

And we

all

full of fun,

as a nest of

young

were clearly human

laughed a great

and

mischief,

deal,

and inno-

birds.

There was a certain room at the other end of our rambling old manor13


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

194

house, which was said to be haunted, and which

discontinued as a dwelling-room, so that

ened by foolish servants

;

we

and he had made

kind of ground-floor granary

— where

my

father

had therefore

children might not be frightinto a lumber-place

it

no one had any business.

was proposed that one of us should go

room

into this

Well,

it

alone, lock the door,

stand before a glass, pare and eat an apple very deliberately, looking fixedly in the glass all the time

;

and then

the mind never once wan-

if

dered, the future husband would be clearly shown in the glass.

always the foolhardy

As

I

was

every party, and was moreover very desirous

girl of

my

of seeing that apocryphal individual,

future husband (whose non-ap-

pearance I used to wonder at and bewail in secret,) I was glad enough

make

to

go

the

notwithstanding the entreaties of some of the more

trial,

Lucy, above

timid.

— at

all,

me

clung to me, and besought

almost with tears.

last,

But my

earnestly not to

my

pride of courage, and

curi-

osity,

and a certain nameless feeling of attraction, were too strong

me.

I laughed

bravados

;

Lucy and her

for

abettors into silence, uttered half a dozen

and, taking up a bedroom candle, passed through the long

silent passages, to the cold, dark, deserted

excitement,

my

room

—my heart beating with

head dizzy with hope and

foolish

The churcn

faith.

clock chimed a quarter past twelve as I opened the door. It

was an awful

would burst

in

The windows shook,

night.

as

if

every instant

the;^

with some strong man's hand on the bars, and his shouldei

against the frame

were sentient and

;

and the trees howled and shrieked, as

if

each brand

The ivy beat against the window, sometimes

in pain.

with fury, and sometimes with the leaves slowly scraping against the glass,

and drawing out long

In the room years,

itself it

shrill

was worse.

sounds, like spirits crying to each other.

Rats had made

it

their refuge for

and they rushed behind the wainscot and down

many

inside the walls,

bringing with them showers of lime and dust, which rattled like chains, or sounded like men's feet hurrying to and fro

;

a cry broke through the room, one could not

what, but a cry, distinct and

on the

floor,

which cracked

knockings shook the walls.

human

;

in this

as each

new howl

and " birds

;

it all

beneath

my

feet,

and loud

said,

" Those are

I rea-

rats," or

in the chimney," or " owls in the ivy,"

or scream struck

frightened or disturbed

from where or from

tumult I was not afraid.

soned on each new sound very calmly, and " those are leaves',"

tell

heavy blows seemed to be struck

like parting ice

Yet

and every now and then

my ear.

And

seemed natural and

I was not in the least familiar.

candle on a table in the midst of the room, where an old

I placed the

muTor stood


/

NAEEATIVES AND ANECDOTES. and, looking steadily into the glass (having

began

19,"

wiped

first

off the dust,)

to eat Eve's forbidden fruit, wishing intently, as I

my

for the apparition of

future husband.

.In about ten minutes I heard a dull, vague, unearthly sound;

heard.

was

It

whispering too

shadowy

as

a crowd, a multitude of

if

faces crushed

up against me, and

could not turn nor

my own name

was about me

life

eyes,

The

I was suffocated.

not

air

was

heavy

so

move without parting thickening

—I can swear

to that to-day

I heard

1

as if

;

and hands, and sneering

I was pressed on from

that I could not breathe.

life,

felt,

countless wings rushed by, and small, low voices

if

mocked me.

lips, all

with

;

as

I

had been bidden

— so

and

I heard

vapors.

it

filled

all sides,

repeated through

the room; and then bursts of laughter followed, and the wings rustled

and

and the whispering voices mocked and chattered, and the

fluttered,

heavy

so filled with

air,

me

pressed up to

xiammy breath from

power.

I

apparition

hung heavier and

I was not excited

still

— when suddenly I saw a Girls, I could

still

face to this hour jet,

its

natural

earnestly desiring an

man's face peering over

draw that

the nose and the dilating nostrils

;

—I them plainly before me was — the mockery and the the victory that were — even then smile

see

my shoulder

The low

!

growing down

fore-

in a sharp

in

The

;

;

and, as I ended

my

coming

The

Life

in

man

And

curled into a

lips,

— 0, the

it ;

struck into

smile that

me

a sense of sub-

those eyes and mine fastened

task, the church clock

and, suddenly released, as

expecting to see a living chill air

I

eyes looked full into mine

on each other half hour

it

the thin

derision, the sarcasm, the contempt,

sneer,

mission.

;

now.

all

!

night.

with the

the dark eyes, beneath thick eyebrows, burning with a peculiar

;

it

lips

but I was fascinated and

;

v^ent on looking in the glass

head, with the short curling hair, black as

light

my

yet with every sense seeming to possess ten times

;

in the glass.

point

and the Things

thicker,

and checked the breath on

theirs.

I was not alarmed. spell-bound

life,

closer,

if

from a

standing beside me.

spell,

chimed the

I turned round,

But

I

met only the

from the loose window, and the solitude of the dark

had gone

;

the wings had rushed

away

;

the voices had

died out, and I was alone, witfa the rats behind the wainscot, the owls

hooting in the

ivy,

and the wind howling through the

Convinced that either some trick

trees.

had been played me, or that some

one was concealed in the room, I searched every corner of lids of

like

boxes

filled

bleaching skin.

it.

I lifted

with the dust of ages, and with rotting paper lying I took

down

the chimney-board, and soot and ashea


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGY.

196 flew up in clouds.

I opened dim old closets, where

had made

insects

generations

but I found nothing.

;

if

not years

— and me

;

But, as I

that room, I

left

My steps were

the sensation that this something was behind me.

opened the drawing-room door light bursting out

welcome

my

—the

had not

I

blazing

heavy; for I

;

As

left it alone.

1

and the strong lamp-

fire

my

at

elbow and

a hot blast across

felt

I started back, but the laugh died away, and

two points of

me

upon me with a peculiar expression of cheerfulness and

—I heard a laugh close

neck.

light, fiery

all

I

saw were

and flaming, that somehow fashioned themselves heavy brows, and looked at

eyes beneath their

into

room

that haunted

left

some-

felt

and, all through the long passages, I retained

the consciousness of pursuit having paralyzed, not quickened

knew that when I

for

nerved to a state of desperate courage, I

still

went back to the drawing-room. thing flowed out with

of foul

human was in nor for many

Satisfied that nothing

the room, and that no one could have been there to-night

mouths,

manner

all

and where daylight had not entered

their homes,

me meaningly

through the darkness.

They

all

wanted to know what I had seen but I refused :

not liking to

For

cule.

My

what

I

had seen was

sweet Lucy came up to

threw her arms round bent her head, I

"Why,

cried,

And

word

a falsehood then, and not liking to expose myself to

tell

I felt that

and no argument, no reasoning and no it.

to say a

felt

my

and

ridicule could

shake

my

belief in

— seeing me look so pale and wild As she my lips, and my sister

neck, and leaned forward to kiss me.

the same

Lizzie, your lips

so they did,

me

ridi-

and that no sophistry

true,

warm burn

blast rush over like fire!"

for long after.

The presence was with me

still,

my pillow, its whispering voice often waking me from wild dreams by my side, in the broad sunlight; by my side, in the still moonlight; never absent, busy at my brain, busy at my

never leaving

me day

nor night: by ;

heart

— a form ever banded

my sweet

sister's

to me.

eyes and mine, and

see their beauty.

It

drowned

my

between

It flitted like a cold cloud

dimmed them

so that I could scarcely

and

father's voice;

his

words

fell

fused and indistinct. ISTot

%

long after, a stranger came into our neighborhood.

Green Howe, a deserted old property by the lived for

many, many years; not

had been found and dripping

knew how

in the river

since the

river side,

young

He

where no one had

among

the dank weeds

and drowned, and her husband dead

by the chapel door.

The

bought

bride, Mrs. Braithwaite,

one morning, entangled

alders, strangled

lying

con-

kplace

—none

had had a bad name


NAREATIYES AXD ANECDOTES. ever since, and no one would live there. stranger,

who had been long

whole of our

town

little

Lascars, or Xegroes

was

of Thornhill

him

father called on

house, went with him.

and

after a time;

Green

said that a it,

of servants

full

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Hindoos â&#x20AC;&#x201D;passed

strange-looking people

Howe.

through, and Mr. Felix took possession of Green

My

was

it

had now bought

in a state of excitement; for a

by another

dark-colored,

;

Felix,

And, true enough, one day the

there.

traveling-carriage and four, followed

or

However, Mr.

in the East, a

and that he was coming to reside

197

Howe had

as the mistress of the

I,

been changed, as

if

by magic,

and we both said so together, as we entered the iron gates that led up the

The ruined garden was one mass

broad walk.

many

derness,

that

them quite new

of

was restored to

was

it

so'

The house looked

order.

beautifully decorated

used to hang dangling among the jasmine, which left on

was impossible. this

It

me

was a

of plants, fresh

larger than before,

and the broken

;

ivy, v:as

trellis-work,

wil-

now

which

matted with creeping roses and

the impression of having been in flower, which fairy palace;

and we could scarcely believe that

was the deserted, ill-omened Green Howe.

The

foreign servants, too,

Eastern dresses, covered with rings and necklaces, and earrings; the

in

and musk

foreign smells of sandal-wood and camphor,

hung every where

a simple country

the

girl,

flame-colored

heavy curtain that seemed

heavy with perfumes; the statues; the birds ficence of stuffs, felt

He very

all

as

if

I

;

fire

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;he

the atmosphere

like living jewels; the

had sunk

magni-

into a lethargy, in which I heard only the rich fine

form of our stranger host.

was certainly very, handsome;

tall,

dark, yet pale as marble; his

were pale; with eyes that were extremely bright; but which had

an expression behind them that subdued me.

He was

very cordial to

through his grounds to see

us,

difQculties,

and

for cost, that,

His!jmanners were grace-

and made us stay a long time; taking us

his improvements,'

there further alterations to be

genii,

of gold and

and the luxuriousness of arfangement, overpowered me.

and saw only the

lips

ful.

of

had never seen

danced and quivered on the gold

flowers

led us into an inner room, v/here the darkened light

voice,

the curtains that

;

and some of cloth

to

us; and, drawing aside a for

I,

velvet,

made such a powerful impression on me, that I felt as if carried some unknown region. As we entered, Mr. Felix came to meet

before,

away

some of

in place of doors,

gold; the air of luxury, such as

I

and green,

me; and the shrubbery, which had been a

to

made

;

all

and pointing out here and

with such a disregard for local

had he been one

he could not have talked more royally.

He

of the princes of the

was more than merely


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGT.

198

me often, and in a lower voice, bending down me with eyes that thrilled through every nerve

attentive to me; speaking to

near to me, and looking at

and fibre. I saw that my father was uneasy; and, when we left, I asked him how he liked our new neighbor. He said, " Xot much, Lizzie," with a grave and almost displeased look, as

However,

as there

he had probed the weakness I was

if

I thought at the time that he was harsh.

scarcely conscious of myself.

was nothing

positively to object to in

father's impulse of distrust could not well

and

my

We

therefore

father and

saw a great deal

Lucy an intimacy they both

was forced with such consummate

which the most rigid could object

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

who

estab-

skill

and

in the loss of the

my For

disliked but could not avoid.

was nothing

tact, that there

to.

became an altered being under

I gradually

only a happier

of the stranger;

on the most familiar footing, and forced on

lished himself in our house

his influence.

In one thing

Yoice and the Form which had haunted

known Felix this terror had gone. The reality had But in nothing else was this strange man's influ-

Since I had

me.

my

dear father was too thoroughly a gentleman ever to be rude even

to his enemy.

it

Mr. Felix,

be indulged without rudeness;

absorbed the shadow. ence over

me

remember that I used

I

beneficial.

when I was away from

excessive irritability of temper at

home

him.

Everything

Everything seemed so small and mean and old

displeased me.

and poor

after the lordly glory of that house;

and the very caresses of

family and olden school-day friends were irksome and hateful to me.

except

my Lucy

lost its

When

charm; and to her I was

But her

never changed. with him I

felt

my

to hate myself for

influence

faithful as ever; to her I

seemed to war with

borne away in a torrent.

me

mysterious and thrilling, and he gave

my All

his wonderfully.

His words

fell

upon me

fleeting glimpses into worlds

which had never opened themselves to me before; glimpses seen and gone

Arabian gardens.

like the

When

I came back to

my

sweet

sister,

her pure eyes and the holy light

that lay in them, her gentle voice speaking of the sacred things of heaven

and the earnest things of state I

me; this,

it

had

life,

seemed to me

But

lived in years ago.

seemed to part

more than

all

possible in one so

My father's

my

very

the rest,

gay and

soul,

like

a former existence; a

this divided influence nearly killed

and wrench

my

being in twain; and

made me sad beyond anything people

reckless as I

dislike to Felix increased daily;

been known to use a harsh word

in

her

believed

had been.

life,

and Lucy, who had never

from the

first

refused to believe

a thought of good in him, or to allow him one single claim to praise.

She


NARRATIVES AXD ANECDOTES.

.

used to cling to

love

full life of

if

my

last

make me

my

forget every tear

and

my

dear father commanded

me

I should have died.

idol

witli pray-

For your soul is

lost

from

suffered

my

ought never to have crept into

from

look,

and every prayer

of her

law not to see Felix again.

In vain I wept and prayed.

my thoughts, and

to

full license

"

But one word, one

you once gave us!"

who, until now had been

as

me

she used to say; " and nothing but a frame remains of

us, Lizzie,"

Felix was enough to

At

way, and entreat

and to return to those who loved me.

in time,

the

in a wild, beseeching

a mother might have poured out before an erring child, to stop

ers, sucli

among

me

199

'

words to pour from In vain

heart.

;

my

I felt

In vain I gave

my lips which

father

was inex-

orable.

I was in the drawing-room.

He

me.

Suddenly, noiselessly, Felix was beside

had not entered by the door which was directly in front of me;

and the window was ance; for I

"Your

am

I never could uifderstand this sudden appear-

closed.

had not been concealed.

certain that he

father has spoken of me, Lizzie?" he said, with a singular

I was silent.

smile,

"And

has forbidden you to see

me

again?" he continued.

" Yes," I answered, impelled to speak by something stronger than

"

And you

my will.

intend to obey him?"

" Xo," I said again, in the

same manner,

as

if

I had been talking in a

dream.

He

smiled again.

"Who was he

so like

remember, and yet I knew that he was that hovered outside

enough to be "

You

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;a

face

on the horizon, and never floated near

distinctly realized.

commands

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

ties

has the power to break.

Lane; we

He

I could not

?

some one I had seen

are right, Lizzie," he then said; " there, are ties which are strong-

er than a father's

man

my memory,

when he smiled

like

will

which no man has the

Meet me to-morrow

at

right,

noon

in the

Low

speak further."

did not say this iu any supplicating, nor in any loving

was simply a command, unaccompanied by one tender word had never

and no

said he loved

me

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;never

;

it

manner

or look.

:

it

He

seemed to be too well understood

between us to need assurances. I answered, " Yes," burying

my

first

act of disobedience to

he was gone. so lightly.

Gone

as he

had

my face in my hands, in shame at this my father and, when I raised my head, ;

entered, without a foot-fall sounding ever


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTKOLOGY.

200

I met him the next day

Day

after

day I

Low Lane

in the

and

;

stole at his

—the

was not the only time that I did

it

command from

lane which the country people said

and which was consequently always deserted. walk or

sit

under the blighted elm tree for hours

understanding

my

home

Dame

my

for there

was a tone

me

long absences, and he bade

And

there

—he

talking, but I not

we used

to

and of mys-

of grandeur

I had to give reasons at

say that I had been with old

Todd, the blind widow of Thornhill Rise, and that I had been

reading the Bible to her. felt

:

dazzled rather than convinced.

spirit

for

he said

;

was haunted,

words that overpowered without enlightening me, and that

tery in his left

all

so.

the house, to walk with him

And

I obeyed

although, while I said

;

Lucy's eyes fixed plaintively on mine, and heard her

it,

I

murmur a prayer

that I might be forgiven.

Lucy grew

As

ill.

summer sun came on, her spirit known since, that it was grief more her. The look of nameless suffering,

the flowers and the

faded more rapidly away.

I have

than malady which was killing

which used to be in her sorrow.

was

It

face,

suffering that

I,

But not even her

had caused.

who ought

her

and to

all

sit in

world of poetry and

was often weeping, and I knew that have given

my

myself on

fling

it

In the intervals I

— to walk

When

fire.

was

I

me

for

in the

my knees beside

her, in

I,

who once would Then I would

an agony of shame and repentance,

and promise better things of the morrow, and vow strong the power and the spell that were on me. to the

same unhallowed

At my home, and

last Felix told

only,

was

stars

that I must come with him ;

and he mine, and that I must

had written

in the sky.

and of

to force this on me,

against

my

in the

fate ordained

fulfill

I fought against

sister's illness.

and knelt

that I must leave

;

that I belonged to him and to him

and that I could not break the tablet of a

father's anger,

efforts

But the morrow subjected me

fascination, the same, faithlessness.

me

take part in his life

his destiny,

Low Lane, my sister

came back

to save her from one hour of sorrow.

life

with undying

but for hours and hours I

;

through the long days of summer

my

life

to have rather died for her,

stayed me.

illness

nursed her tenderly and lovingly as before left

me through

has haunted

;

that I

the law which the

this.

I prayed to

I spoke of

him

my

for pity, not

shadows of the autumn sunset to

ask from him forbearance. I did not yield this day, nor the next, nor for

conquered. neck.

When

many

days.

At

last

I said "Yes," he kissed the scarf I wore round

Until then he had never touched even

my

hands with

his lips.

he

my I


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

my

consented to leave leave

my

his children

;

All was prepared fit

who loved me

I must have gone.

;

there

and !

still

last

I loved

all

not there, Lizzie

spoken of before

eyes.

my

death, in

to the scaffold,

my sleeping sister, who wap my hand, and called aloud,

But the

!"

Come back

I

by the

to

large,

was on me, and I

spell

me

left

1"

oM, haunted room that I have

me

And

outside.

so deadly

became

still,

little

after chill,

The broken mirror was

As

I mechanically eve, the

I looked, the room, which

with the sound I had heard before.

my

and again, glaring into

;

had seen

face in the glass that I

it,

was All-hallow's

and the crowd of whispering voices flowed

of large wings,

round me

filled

it

a

This time the

room, as before, and, in passing

Then I remembered that

anniversary of the apparition of last year.

like a river

my

and grasped

Felix waiting for

;

in the middle of the

The rushing

I

a stranger.

me

his voice called

and the damp, and the darkness unnerved me.

had been

for

going to

felt

twelve o'clock, I opened the door to pass through.

my

for

until then,

her dreaming voice called out, choking with sobs, " !Not

I was to leave the house

raised

and care

day of October, and at midnight when

I had kissed cried,

Come back

!

Had

resist.

and

in her sleep,

" Lizzie, Lizzie

but though I

;

was the

It

I was to leave the house.

her

I consented to

;

of love

nature with the evil and the despair of

in

leaving her, I could not

dreaming

knew was dying

the hurrying clouds, lead-colored, and the howling

;

companions

Lucy was worse to-day

soul.

I well

had been one act

life

and to bring a stain on our name, unstained

consented to leave those

wind, the

who

sister,

whose whole

father,

201

eyes,

was the same

before, the sneering smile even

more

triumphant, the blighting stare of the fiery eyes, the low brow and the coal-black hair, and the look of mockery.

had seen before and the glass.

When

since

;

for it

All were there

whispering, and the wings.

And

to

figure clothed in white

hair 'hung

;

down on her

mournfully into mine.

Come,

open

it

—there

Lizzie,

It

;

come

and, as I

stood between

ISTot

me and

!"

was it

her face more pale than the linen round breast,

She was

close

a pale

it.

Her

and her blue eyes looked earnestly and silent,

and yet

of love and of entreaty flowed from her lips deathless aff'ection.

I

then a hand tapped on the window,

outside, "

I staggered, rather than walked, to the window

—my hand raised

all

only a low laugh, and the far off voices

;

and the voice of Felix cried from

to

and

I turned to speak to him, the room was empty.

a livmg creature was there

it

;

was Felix who was gazing at me from

was Lucy

;

it ;

seemed as

as

if

if

a volume

I heard words of

standing there in this bitter midnight


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

202 cold

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;giving her

life

to save me.

Felix called to

me

again, impatiently;

and, as he called, the figure turned, and beckoned me; beckoning

and then

gently, lovingly, beseechingly;

of the half-hour sounded

found her lying dead on the one hand stretched out as

floor;

if in

into ruins again.

fell

his own me from

ruin

all,

and gave

she

made

;

whole retinue

who had heard

All that I do

my

herself for

of

my

father's wealth

imaginative character, had acted on

know

is

that

salvation

down

my

to the last

She died at that hour of

at half-past twelve, as I live before

you

sister's

all,

spirit

it

:

for

saved

She had seen and known

and that she died to save me.

to rescue me.

and Green

:

to this day I sometimes doubt whether or

my weak and

purposes.

his

one knew where he went, as no one knew

not he was a clever adventurer,

and who, seeing

I

sister.

supplication.

]S"o

And

from whence he came.

my

to

her hair hanging over her breast, and

The next day Felix disappeared; he and

Howe

room

and, I fled from the

;

me

The chime

faded away.

slovrly

and supreme

half-past twelve

effort

and

;

she reappeared to

me and

and why I pass

All-hal-

recalled me.

And

this is the reason

low's eve in prayer

by

why

my

I never married,

sister's

grave.

I have told you to-night this

story of mine, because I feel that I shall not live over another last night of October, but that before the next white Christmas roses

winter stars on the earth I shall be at peace

grave

;

let

me

rather hope with

%\t

my

blessed sister in

miljite

come out

in the grave.

like

I^ot in the

Heaven

!

fiiis.

FROM AN OLD WORK. It

is

a matter of almost

universal

notoriety, that

a female figure,

rather tall and clothed in white, has been seen in several castles instance,

in

Darmstadt, veil,

the

castles

and here

of

also

Neuhaus in

in

;

for

Bohemia, Berlin, Bayreuth,

the castle at

Carlsruhe

through which her face can just be distinguished

;

;

she

wears a

she generally

appears in the night, not long before the death of one of the reigning family, although

many

of

them

die without the spirit's appearing.

She


NAEEATIYES AND ANECDOTES.

203

sometimes also foreshows, by her appearhig, the death of those who belong to the court, but not to the reigning family.

Merian

relates, in the fifth

volume of

his

"Theatre of Europe," that

she was frequently seen in the castle in Berlin, in the years 1652 and

1653

but what entirely confirms the belief of this apparition are the

;

two following testimonies. It

an ancient tradition that the White Lady has been seen by

is

different

individuals in the

castle of

Carlsruhe, and the fact

appearing decide the matter.

An

illustrious

also

is

two following instance

believed by intelligent people; but the

of her

lady went one evening, at

dusk, to walk in the garden of the castle accompanied by her husband.

"Without the remotest thought of the White Lady, she suddenly saw her,

very plainly, standing near her on the path, so that she could very

whole

tinctly perceive her

figure.

She was

other side of her husband, on which the

terrified

dis-

and sprang to the

White Lady

This

vanished.

distinguished individual stated that his lady turned deadly pale with the

and her pulse beat

fright,

Soon afterward, some one died

violently.

belonging to the lady's family.

The second proof

is

from a pious and very learned man, who

respectable of&ce at the court.

through one of the lobbies of the

late,

thing of the kind,

he believed

him

;

it

castle,

was one of the

He

eyes.

veil,

She was

first

was the White Lady,

in order

to lay hold of

it,

for she vanished before his

observed her particularly; he could even remark the folds in

and through

light appeared to

church

At

ladies of the court that wished to terrify

he therefore hastened up to the figure it

a

without thinking on any-

when the White Lady came toward him.

but he then perceived

her

filled

This gentleman was passing one evening

also

it,

her countenance, while from within her a faint

glimmer

wont to be seen about the time of the three principal

festivals.

She generally appears

but

in the night,

likewise

is

frequently seen in the open day. It fifty

was at the

Xeuhaus,

castle of

years ago, where she was

first

in

Bohemia, about three hundred and

seen,

and that very

She was

often.

frequently observed looking out at noon-day, from a window at the top of an uninhabited turret of the castle.

her head a white

veil,

modest deportment.

Roman

entirely white

;

for three

hundred and

;

stature,

tall

She was, of course, during her

Catholic religion

other was known.

She was

with white ribbons, was of

lifetime,

fifty

had on and of of the

years ago, no

There are only two instances of her having spoken


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

204

A

was standing

certain illustrious princess

in her dressing-room before

the looking-glass, with one of her maids of honor, in order to try some articles of dress

the

and on asking the lady

;

White Lady suddenly stepped

"It

is

may

my

ten o'clock,

easily

dears

The

!"

afterward, she

In December of the year 1628, she appeared also there heard to say the following words in Latin

mortuos ; judicmm inihi adhiic

and the dead

From

the

my

;

At

is

was, said,

is,

:

fell ill

and

in Berlin,

died.

and was

"Veni, judica vivos

"Come, judge the

et

living

fate is not yet decided !"

many and

another, which

that

sioj)erest!"

it

and

was dreadfully alarmed, as

princess

A few weeks

be supposed.

what time

in waiting

forth from behind a screen,

various apparitions of this

spirit,

we

will only select

particularly remarkable.

K'euhaus, in Bohemia, there

an old

is

institution,

which provides that

on Holy Thursday a mess of sweet pottage should be given to the poor, in the courtyard of the castle

pous

this

;

mess consisted of some kind of pul-

with honey, after which every one had as

fruit,

drink as he desired, and besides

this,

much

When

town and the poor, the

Many

received seven pretzel.

sand poor people often assembled on this day, and were

manner.

small beer to thou-

feasted in this

all

the Swedes, in the thirty years' war, had subdued the

castle,

and neglected the distribution of

White Lady began

this

meal to the

and to cause such a disturb-

to be so violent,

ance, that the inhabitants of the castle could no longer endure

it.

The

guard was dispersed, beaten, and thrown to the ground by a secret power.

The

sentinels

were frequently met by strange figures and mere visages, and

officers

themselves were dragged, by night, out of their beds along the

floor.

K'ow,

when no means could be devised

to

remedy

this evil,

one of

the townspeople told the commander-in-chief that the poor had been

deprived of their yearly

feast,

and advised him to

be immediately

let it

This was done;

prepared, according to the custom of their predecessors.

the disturbance instantaneously ceased, and nothing more was observed. It

is

certain that the

for in that case she less

in

White Lady

is

not yet in a state of blessedness

would no longer wander about mortals.

a state of condemnation

modesty, decorum, and piety

is

;

for in her countenance

manifested

;

She

;

is still

nothing but

and she has often been seen

to be angry, and assume a threatening aspect

when any one has made use

of blasphemous or indecorous language against

God and

religion, so that

she has even used violence toward them.

But now

let "us inquire

She has been taken

who

this

for a certain

remarkable and mysterious being

Countess of Orlamunda

:

is.

but we 5nd in


NAREATIVES AND ANECDOTES. "Monthly

the

this affair

:

discourses on the

World

205 key to

of Spirits," a remarkable

the celebrated and learned Jesuit, Baldinus, gave himself the

trouble to ascertain, with certainty, the truth of the matter, the result of

which

is

the following very probable history of the

" In the ancient castle of ISTeuhaus, in Bohemia,

White Lady:

among

the pictures of

the ancient and celebrated family of Rosenberg, there was found a por-

which bears an exact resemblance to the White Lady.

trait

Yon

The

Kosenberg.

history of this lady's

was born between 1420 and 1430

;

She

life is briefly

her father

is

is

clothed

and was called Perchta

after the fashion of those times, in a white habit,

as follows

:

She

said to have been Ulrich

Yon

Rosenberg, and her mother, Catherine of Wartenberg, who died

in 1436.

This Ulrich was lieutenant-governor in Bohemia, and, at the

II.,

Roman

instance of the Pope, commander-in-chief of the

Catholic troops

against the Hussites. " His daughter Perchta, or rather Bertha,

1449, to John

Yon

was married,

her husband led a vicious and profligate

Her marriage proved a

life.

Hence distj'ess

left

Henry lY.

to her brother,

year 1451, and died, without "

it

was that she could

she had endured, and

At

the world under the influence of this bitter passion.

unhappy marriage was dissolved by the death

removed

Lady Bertha

lived

as

constant source of grief to her, and she was

never forget the insults and indescribable

this

But

Bertha was very unhappy.

obliged to seek relief from her relatives.

thus

in the year

Lichtenstein, a rich baronet in Steyermark.

issue, in

at Keuhaus,

The

of her husband,

latter

length

and she

began to reign

in the

1451.

and

built the castle

there,

which

occupied several years in building, to the great grievance of the town's-

Lady Bertha, however, spoke

people. soled

them with the speedy termination

ment

of their services.

to the

when

Among

workmen, 'Work

the castle

is

for

finished,

kindly to her vassals, and conof the work,

and the due pay-

other things, she generally called out

your masters, ye faithful subjects, work

you and

all

your families

shall

!

be feasted

with sweet porridge,' for so our forefathers expressed themselves when they invited any one to be their guest. "

Now

in

autumn, when the building was

her word, by treating to

them during

lord,

you

of your

"

The

all

dinner,

shall every year

good conduct lords of

finished,

Lady Bertha kept

her subjects with an excellent repast, and said '

In consequence of your loyalty to your liege

have such a feast as

this

;

and thus the praise

shall flourish in after-ages.'

Rosenberg and Slavata found

it

afterward more appro-


206

THE MYSTERIES OP ASTEOLOGY.

'

priate to transfer this beneficent

and charitable

institution of the Lord's Supper,

on which day

" I do not find at it

met with

day

of the

continued.

what time Lady Bertha Yon Rosenberg died

was probably toward the end

to be

feast to the

it is still

in several

Her

of the fifteenth century.

Bohemian

castles,

;

is

a widow's white dress,

in

which exactly corresponds with the appearance of the White Lady. is

but

portrait

She

most frequently seen at Roumlau, Neuhaus, Trzebon, Islubocka, Be-

and Tretzen, which are

chin,

scendants

Bohemian

all

Brandenburg, Baden, and Darmstadt, she

them

:

death

castles, inhabited

and as individuals of her family married

;

and wherever she comes, her object

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;perhaps

also to

is

by her

de-

into the houses of

also in the habit of visiting

to announce an approaching

is

warn against some misfortune,

for she

sometimes

appears likewise without any one dying."

Plutarch world of

has preserved a most remarkable vision of the

in his works,

spirits,

which may tend,

in

some measure, to

which the ancient Greeks formed of " Thespesios of Soli, lived at

afterward,

when he had spent

first

it.

methods

is

to the basest

however

which he abstained from,

if it

this deity to

And fell

so

it

*

yet he died in consequence of the

A

at the

same time

:

for

having applied to

the rest of his

that he would never

life

mend

in a better

till

he died.'

really happened, in a certain sense; for not long afterward, he

down from an eminence upon

he was

fell

That which contributed the most

know whether he would spend

manner, he received for answer,

but

money

only brought him in

god Amphilochus

of the

;

There was nothing,

for a subsistence.

into the worst repute for his villany.

was a prediction

:

property, necessity induced him to

and thus he again amassed a considerable sum, but

to this,

illustrate the ideas

as follows

very prodigally and profligately

all his

have recourse vile,

It

his ueck, fall.

though he received no wound,

But

three days afterward,

about to be interred, he received strength,

wonderful change

knew no one who

now took

at that time

and came to

when

himself.

place in his conduct, for the Cilicians

was more conscientious

in business,

devout


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. toward God,

who

207

terrible to his foes, or faithful to his friends; so that

associated with him wished to learn the cause of this change

;

those justly

supposing that such an alteration of conduct, from the greatest baseness to sentiments so noble, could not have

come of

And

itself.

so

it

really

was, as he himself related to Protogenus, and other judicious friends.

"

When

he

his rational soul left the body,

of his vessel into the depths of the sea.

a pilot hurled out

felt like

He

then raised himself up, and

whole being seemed on a sudden to breathe, and to look about

his

every

side, as if the soul

had been

He saw

all eye.

it

on

nothing of the pre-

vious objects; but beheld the enormous stars at an .immense distance from

each other, endowed with admirable radiance, and uttering wonderful sounds; while his soul glided gently and easily along, borne by a stream

In

of light, in every direction.

saw

besides,

and merely

he passed over what he

his narrative,

he perceived the souls of those that

said, that

were just departed, rising up from the earth

they formed a luminous

;

kind of bubble, and when this burst, the soul placidly came forth, glorious,

and

human

in

The

form.

souls,

however, had not

some soared upward with wonderful to the heights above

:

ease,

all

the same motion

;

and instantaneously ascended

others whirled about like spindles

sometimes

;

upward, and sometimes sinking downward, having a mixed and

rising

He

disturbed motion.

was unacquainted with the most

He

recognised two or three of his relatives.

of them, but

drew near to them, and

wished to speak with them, but they did not hear him, for they were not wholly themselves, but in a state of insensibility, and avoiding every touch; they turned round,

first

alone in a

others in a similar condition, they

circle, then, as

indistinct tones, like rejoicing

tions, emitting

they met with

moved about with them

in all direc-

mixed with lamentation.

Others again appeared in the heights above, shining briUiantly, and

affec-

tionately uniting with each other, but fleeing the restless souls above de'

scribed.

In

place he also saw the soul of another of his relatives,

this

but not very perceptibly, for

it

had died while a

child.

ever, approaching him said, 'Welcome, Thespesios

that his

name was not

Thespesios, but Aridaios,

!'

it

The

On

latter,

replied,

'

how-

answering

his

It

is

true,

thou didst formerly bear that name, but henceforth thou art called Thespesios.

Thou

art,

of the gods art

however, not yet dead, but by a particular providence

come hither

in

thy rational

spirit

other soul behind, as an anchor in the body.

be

it

a sign

by which thou mayest

;

At

but thou hast present,

and

left

the

in future,

distinguish thyself from those that are

really dead, that the souls of the deceased

no longer cast a shadow, and


208

THE MYSTERIES OF ASTEOLOGY.

are able to look steadfastly at the

On

this,

above without being dazzled.'

liglit

the soul in question conducted Thespesios through

all

parts of

the other world, and explained to him the mysterious dealings and gov-

ernment of Divine Justice others are not

;

;

why many

and showed him

are punished in this

also every species of

He

which the wicked are subject hereafter. awe; and after having beheld seized with dreadful horror

form of wondrous

was going

when on and

said,

mayest the better remember everything a

brmiug

;

while he, as

if

at length

laid hold of him, just as he

Come

'

was

hither, in order that

thou

And with that she drew forth when another hindered her, and

!"

rod, such as the painters use,

delivered him

was

the point of departing, for a female

and appearance

size

to hasten away,

while

viewed everything with holy

as a spectator, he

all this

life,

punishment to

suddenly impelled forward by a violent

gale of wind, sank back at once into his body, and came to

life

ao-ain at

the place of interment."

'%mks ixm To

illustrate

respecting

u

Clergwnmif$

^}.$tiitgiii$|)ti

and confirm the various

apparitions

from

the

relations

invisible

louriml

and statements given

world,

we

subjoin

a most

remarkable account of a developed faculty of presentiment, extracted from the journal of the Rev. John Wesley, who has premised

it

with a

few remarks, which manifest a striking coincidence with the views and sentiments of some of the

"2bth May, 1768.

had feared God from her read

:

and yet I can

German authors

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;Being find

:

at Sunderland, I took

infancy, one of the

down, fr9m one who

strangest accounts I ever

no pretence to disbelieve

The well-known

it.

character of the person excludes all suspicion of fraud,

and the nature

of the circumstances themselves excludes the possibility of a delusion.

"It is,

is

true there are several of

them I do not comprehend: but

with me, a very slender objection; for what

prehend, even of things which I see daily grain of sand or spire of grass.'

how

I

?

it

this

which I do com-

Truly not

know not how

the particles of the other adhere together.

then, to deny well-attested facts,

is

'

the smallest

the one ^rows, nor

What

pretence have

because I can not comprehend them

?

I,


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. " It

the

of learning in Europe, have given

and apparitions,

mere old wives'

as

willingly take this

who do not

fables.

believe

many

all

accounts of witches

I

am

sorry for

and I

it;

solemn protest against

that believe the Bible pay to

owe them no such

I

it.

up

my

opportunity of entering

violent compliment, which so

this

those

and indeed most of

true, likewise, that ttie English in general,

is

men

209

I take

service.

knowledge that these are at the bottom of the outcry which has been and with such insolence spread throughout the nation,

raised,

in direct

opposition, not only to the Bible, but to the suffrages of the wisest

men in all Christians know it or

best

They

and nations.

ages

of

not), that the giving

and

know (whether

well

up of witchcraft*

in effect,

is,

giving up the Bible; and they know, on the other hand, that if hot one account of the intercourse of men with separate spirits he admitted, their

whole

castle in the air (deism, atheism, materialism) falls to the

know no

reason, therefore,

wrested out of

why we

our hands.

ground.

I

should suffer even this weapon to be

Indeed,

numerous

are

there

arguments

which abundantly confute their vain imaginations, but we need

besides,

not be hooted out of one; neither reason nor religion require

"One

known urged over and

over,

No, nor did I ever

yourself V

this

is

:

'

Did you ever

this.

which I have

of the capital objections to all these accounts,

an apparition

see

see a murder, yet I believe there

thing; yea, and that, in one place or another, murder

is

is

such a

committed every

Therefore, I can not, as a reasonable man, deny the fact, although

day.

I never saw

it,

The testimony

and perhaps never may.

able witnesses fully convinces

me

of both the one

and the

of unexceptionother.

"Elizabeth Hobson was born in Sunderland, in the year 1144. father dying

when she was

three or four years old, her uncle,

Rea, a pious man brought her up as from a

child,

and grew up

sharp convictions of

his

own

She was serious

daughter.

Yet she had deep and she was about sixteen years of age, when

in the fear of

sin, till

Iler

Thomas

God.

she found peace with God, and from that time the whole tenor of her

behavior was suitable toher profession.

"On

Wednesday,

May

25,

talked with her at large; but

on her to speak. "

'

From my

women, or

The

1168, and the it

three

was with great

substance of

what she

said

was as

prevailed

follows

:

childhood, when any of our neighbors died, whether men,

children, I used to see them, either just

*

following days, I

difficulty I

The operation of malignant or infernal 14

when they

influence.

died, or a


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

210 before

little

nor was I at

:

many by

day,

all afraid, it

know

times I did not then

bright, glorious light

I saw

Those that came when

night.

I observed that

with them.

was so common.

they were dead.

many grown

many

them by

of

was dark brought

it

children and

little

Indeed,

many

light

persons had

around them; but many had a gloomy, dismal

light,

and a dusky cloud over them. " at

'

When

uncle this, he did not seem to be at

but several times said, "

it,

God;

serve

At

my

I told

as long as he

other times he said

me any

answering

Be

not afraid, only take care to fear and

on your

is

surprised

all

side,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; dropping

questions about

none

a word

it

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; " Evil

will be able to hurt you."

now and spirits

then, but seldom

very seldom appear,

but after they have appeared to the person a year, they frequently come

Whatever

in the daytime.

come "

'

When

was between twelve and

I

about half an hour after

ten,

me

in so to fright

?"

He

fell ill,

"

'

I

was

chamber,

candle,

when

I

A

went

after

day or two

him

after

raging despair.

in

fifteen,

when I went very

early one

Many

persons had been frighted

and I had myself often seen men and women (so many, at times,

go just by me and vanish away.

it,

I

heard a confused

people quarreling; but I did not mind

said,

it,

noise, as of

and went on

till

This

many

I came near

I then saw on the other side a young man, dressed in purple,

the gate.

"It

is

too early; go back whence you came, and the

with you and bless you

'When

I

:"

was about

worse for three months.

toward me.

sixteen,

One

lane,

home, I found him calling for me.

exhorting

me

down and

died;

my

uncle

fell ill,

and grew worse and

day, having been sent out on an errand, I

when I saw him

my

As

coming

in the field

I ran to meet him, but he was gone.

clasped his arms round

Lord be

and presently he was gone.

was coming home through a swiftly

my

I had two fields to cross into a low

kine.

morning, as I came toward

"

my

why do you come

went away.

fast asleep in bed.

and within the week died

that they were out of count)

who

uncle had a lodger,

I cried out, " William,

ground, which was said to be haunted. there,

my

having by accident put out

was between fourteen and

morning to fetch up the

thirteen,

night I was sitting in

said nothing, but

into his room, but found he

he

One

over in a flame.

all

in the day, they

at sunset."

who was a very wicked man. he came in

good or bad, come

spirits,

and

at sunrise, at noon,

When

I

came

soon as I came to his bedside, he

neck, and, bursting into tears,

to continue in the ways of God, kept his hold,

and even then they could hardly unclasp

earnestly

till

he sunk

his fingers,

I


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. would

fain

211

have died with him, and wished to be buried with him, dead

or alive.

" 'From that

was crying from morning

time, I

night,

till

I grew weaker and weaker,

that I might see him.

and praying

one morning,

till

about one o'clock, as I was laying, crying as usual, I heard some

and

He

saw him come to the bedside.

rising up,

pleased, shook his head at me, and in a minute or

"

About a week

*

in six or seven

till

my

night,

He

time he stayed. stir,

he fetched

and

it,

my

and kept

glad,

cock-

till

eyes fixed on him

all

the

wanted drink or anything, though I did not speak

If I

Many

could not speak.

Then, about eleven at

of.

same hour, and stayed

at the

after,

was exceeding

I

life

grew worse and worse,

bed, and

was despaired

dis-

two went away.

looked well pleased, and sat down on the bedside.

in,

came every night

crowing.

or

my

days

came

uncle

my

took to

after, I

noise,

looked much

set

it

on the chair by the bedside. strove, but could not

times I

Every morniug, when he went away, he waved

his

Indeed, I

move my tongue.

hand

to me,

and I

heard delightful music, as if many pesons were singing together. " 'In about six weeks I grew better. I was then musing one night,'

whether I did well

God would do

his

But he was not

down

in desiring

own

in his usual dress

He

to his feet.

by him a person

in white, taller

or thrice.

Then my

as of

I

was praying that

and stood by the bedside.

in

he had on a white robe, which reached

:

About

looked quite well pleased.

came with the singing crowing.

he%might come, and

when he came

will,

one, there stood

He

than he, and exceedingly beautiful.

many

They went away with

and continued

voices,

uncle smiled, and

waved

his

till

near cock-

hand toward me twice saw

inexpressibly sweet music, and I

him no more. "

'

In a year after

we agreed

this

a young

to be married.

and one evening went on board

my mother,

out to look for his

hands

in his

my hand

wall,

'A few days

truly feared

went

I

to take another voyage

About

his ship.

saw him standing

to put

up

his hat,

first,

eleven o'clock, going

at his mother's dooi', with

I went to

him

but he went swiftly by me,

on the other side of the lane, part as he went through,

and then immediately "

courted me, and in some months

pockets and his hat pulled over his eyes.

and stretched out and I saw the

man

But he purposed

John Simpson, one

God, and one with

to sea as usual.

At

close after him.

after,

He

whom

sailed out

following, between eleven and twelve

I

ten the next morning he died. of our neighbors

was

on a Tuesday. o'clock, I

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; a man that

particularly acquainted

The Friday night

heard one walking

in

my


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

212

room, and every step sounded as

if

Three drops of water

over me. I strode to

than

awake

In

who

his wife,

my breast, and

on

lay with

me

felt as

hand

cold as

ice.

but I could not, any more

;

than a minute he went away

less

then

wet, and stretched his

all

Afterward I heard that he was cast away that

she was dead.

if

uight.

fell

He

he was stepping in water.

came to the bedside in his sea-jacket,

me

but he came to

;

every

night for six or seven nights following, between eleven and two.

Before

he came, and when he went away, I always heard sweet music.

After-

ward he came both day and night music at his coming and going

He

set.

came

my

house, at

when

and every day at

;

in

in the

and was always just before me, changing

class;

When

I sat, he sat

when

;

and sun-

sunrise, noon,

—whatever company I was — at chm-ch,

changed mine.

as I

every night about twelve, with the

preaching

his posture

I kneeled, he kneeled

I would fain have spoken to him, but I

I stood, he stood likewise.

when I tried, my heart sunk within me. Meantime it me more and more so that I lost my appetite, my color, could not

aifected

;

and'

;

At

any one.

tell

last

and looked exceeding bed

my

This continued ten weeks, while I pined away, not daring to

strength.

and

violently to

he came four or

On

sad.

fro,

still

on the

side of the bed.

room.

Being resolved

drew the curtains of the

me and as one quite disdown about eleven, saw him walking up and down the

;

on the

I quickly

third, I lay

to speak to him, but unwilling

went up into the garret.

rose and

nights without any music,

looking wistfully at

This he did two nights

tressed.

five

the fifth night he

When

any should hear, I

I opened the door I

saw him

walking toward me, and shrunk back, on which he stopped and stood at I said, " In the

a distance.

name

of the Father, Son, and

Holy Ghost,

He answered, "Betsy, God forgive Have you forgot what you you for keeping me so long from my rest promised before I went to sea to look to my children if I was drowned ? You must stand to your word, or I can not rest." I said, "1 wish I was dead." He said, " Say not so you have more to go through before what

is

your business with me?"

!

;

then

:

and

yet, if

You may

soon you died. they live

;

Jamaica

;

but

added, "

as I do,

if

you go,

will

it ;

I said, " I will take all the care

written for you to

hurt your soul.

but

draw you from God, and you close to

you would not care how

bring the children on in their learning while

Your brother has

of altering your condition

Keep

much

as

they have but a short time."

He

I can."

you knew

if

come

to

have also thoughts

you marry him you think

will neither

God, and go on in the

You

of,

it

will

be happy here nor hereafter.

way wherein you have been brought


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. I asked, "

up."

How But

songs of praise.

do you spend your time you

of this

am, you will surely be.

have

I

and I should not have stayed

will lost

me

suffer

you

bless

first

landing.

He

He

then went down

and

smiled,

make

to

Have you

after that I can not stay.

my two

Immediately I heard such singing, as

!"

voices joined together. to the

means

to fright you.

I shall come to you twice more before the death of

God

answered, " In ;

draws near two, and

It

?

He

?"

know more by-and-by for where I much happiness in coming to you

so long without using other

you speak, but the Lord would not anything more to say

213

stairs,

I said, " I desire

and

you

children.

a thousand

if

him

I followed

come back."

will

He stood still till I came to him. I asked him one or two questions, which he immediately answered, but added, " I wish you had not called me

He

I must take something from you."

said, " I think

and

it

now

back, for

you can best part with the hearing

hand upon

laid his

it,

and

Was several years before

crowed

as

if

in the instant it

five

years old.

little

of your left ear."

as deaf as a stone,

and a

He

half, the

and

The cock

it.

The

younger before

appeared before the death of each, but with-

After that I saw him no more.

my

before Michaelmas, 1763,

good young man, went to

The day

sea.

midnight, I saw him standing by

and looking earnestly

light,

little,

he went out of the door, and then the music ceased.

out speaking.

"'A

was

paused a

I recovered the least hearing of

elder of his children died at about three

he was

He

at

my

brotber George,

after

bedside, surrounded with a glorious

He

me.

was wet

'

9,

That

all over.

the ship in which he sailed split upon a rock, and

drowned. " On April

who was a

Michaelmas-day, about

all

night,

the crew were

1761, about midnight, I was lying awake and saw

brother John standing by

my

my

Just at that time he died in

bedside.

Jamaica. " left

'

By

us

his

death I became entitled to a house in Sunderland, which was

by my grandfather, John Hobson, an exceeding wicked man, who

was drowned fourteen years ago. from

my

aunt,

who kept

I employed an attorney to recover

possession of

it

;

but finding more

I expected, in the beginning of December I gave nights after, as I rose up from prayer, a

I cried out, "

standing at a small distance.

you

here ?"

He

answered, "

advised you so to do; but

Dunn,

whom you

if

little

You

you

have employed,

have

do, I shall will

up.

it

than

Three or four

before eleven, I saw him

me

!

what brings

up the house

:

Mr. Parker

Lord

giveri

it

difficulty

bless

have no

rest.

do nothing for you.

Indeed, Mr.

Go

to Dur-


214

THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

.

ham

;

was

loud,

His

employ an attorney there, and

lips

it

be recovered."

will

His voic?

and so hollow and deep, that every word went through me.

move

did not

at

nor his eyes, but the sound seemed to

all,

When

out of the floor.

rise

he had done speaking, he turned about and

walked out of the room, "

'

In January, as I was sitting on the bedside, a quarter before twelve,

he came

in,

stood before me, looked earnestly at me, then walked up and

down, and stood and looked again.

This he did for half an hour, and

thus he came every other night for about three weeks.

seemed angry, and sometimes

night I was sitting up in bed, crying,

All this time he

was quite horrid and

his look

One

furious.

when he came and began

to pull off

I strove to touch his hand, but could not, on which he

the clothes.

shrunk back and smiled. "

'

The next night but

crying,

was again

one, about twelve, I

when he came and stood

As

at the bedside.

I

sitting

up and

was looking

for a

handkerchief, he walked to the table, took one up, brought and drojjped

After this he came three or four nights, and pulled the

upon the bed.

it

clothes

throwing them on the other side of the bed.

off,

"'Two

and

after walking to

me

"

by

came

presently he

;

'

close to me,

Having had a long

illness

now mostly

after eleven, he

came

ment me thus

?

you know

But I have a

fear that

are or not."

He

you to

ask.

after that manner."

He

it

your

peril,

my

is

The next

much

cold

night, soon

why do you torimpossible for me to go to Durham now. not happy, and beg to know whether you little

pause, " That

I said, " It

is

a shocking

replied, " It

is

no time

in

is

a bold question

my lifetime,

affair to live

for reflection

do you

and

die

now what ;

I said, " It must be a great happiness to

said, "

Hold your tongue! hold your tongue

my

He

up

I

on the bed, and went

bed.

me

lift

:

and being worn out by these ap-

never mention such a word before

ened, and strove to

down at

He

it

you knew me to do amiss

done can not be undone."

die in the Lord."

neck

I asked, " In God's name,

you are

take care to do better."

is

dropped

confined to

again.

far as

my

the year before, having taken

answered, after a

So

on the bedside, and,

sitting

I came to myself, he was standing just before

his frequent pulling off the clothes,

pearances, I was

for

was

as I

snatched the handkerchief from

fro,

When

into a swoon.

fell

came

nights after, he

heart to God.

again."

fire,

At

gave a shriek and sunk

three times, with a loud groan at each time.

peared, there was a large flash of

!

I was fright-

Just as he disap

and I fainted away.


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. "

'

Three

went to Durham and put the

I

clays after,

The next

Hugill the attorney's hands.

my

but, on

about eleven.

you must

write, or

He

said,

I said, "

days."

A month

came

after,

in;

he came

" Lord bless me what has brought you here " Mr. Hugill has done nothing, but wrote one letter

I said,

He

Mr.

affair into

night, about one, he

taking up the Bible, he went away.

again ?"

215

!

go to Durham again

Why do you not

go to

may be decided in who keep me out

it

:

my

a few

aunt's,

of

it

answered, " I have no power to go to them, and they can not bear

If I could, I would go to them, were

where I am, I

"Take

many

shall get too

care! there

you from going to

it,

doubt

for I

;

He

me company."

added,

mischief laid in Peggy's [her aunt's] hand

is

meet you coming from the

will strive to

only to warn them

it

to bear

she

;

I do not speak to hinder

class.

may be

but that you

?" it.

Let some one go

cautious.

with you and come back with you, though whether you will escape or not I can not

He

I said, " She can do no more than

tell."

answered, "

We

have

As soon

word no more.

all

too

as this

is

God

to do with

him

decided, meet

me

little

will let her."

mention that

:

at

Boyldon

hill

[about half a mile from the town] between twelve and one at night." "

said,

am

is

willing to

said, "

am

That

That

woman

a lone place for a

meet you at the Ballast

will

not do

to

hills

but what are you

;

not afraid of you, but of rude men."

both thither and back again."

me

with

He

?"

any but you.

'

From

this time

If I put out the

not avail;

for,

He May

fire

I

He

.

I answered, " I

said, " I will set you safe,

"

I not bring a minister I will not be seen

?

have plagued me sore enough already

any one with you, take what "

or in the churchyard." afraid of?"

" Are you thereabouts

replied,

You

I asked,

I

go at that time of night.

:

by

you bring

if

follows."

he appeared every night between eleven and two.

and candle,

in hopes I should not see

as soon as he came, all

the

room was

him,

did

it

but with a

light,

dismal light, like that of flaming brimstone; but whenever I took up the

Bible or kneeled " the

'

On

down

Thursday,

fire.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

May

yea, or prayed in 12, he

I asked, " In God's

must either go or write

to

my

came about

heart

name what do you want

Durham

:

When

into a violent passion of crying, seeing no end to

o'clock I

came to

till

after

myself,

white robe which reached

one,

?"

was

He

sitting

said, "

I can not stay from you

decided, and I can not stay where I am."

agony I continued

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;he was gone.

eleven, as I

and then

fell

till

this is

he went away, I

my

trouble.

into a

fit.

by

You

In

fell

this

About two

and saw, standing at the bedside, one in a

down

to his feet.

I cried, "

In the name of


THE MYSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

216

He

the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost."

am come

Pray

thus for your friends ?

"I can pray

I said,

pray."

What

to comfort you.

wardness and that

As

them and leave them

He

none."

many

he went away, I heard

melody

as I never

nothing but to

fly

heard before.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;About

my

my

my

get

:

it

it

He

went

close

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; About

me

"

'

On

me.

Friday, July

I sat

for

3, I

was

one come along the passage.

informing

me

at

stairs

of the opposite

room.

my

It got into

throat

fainted away.

I looked about

my

after.

Before I saw him, I smelt a

sitting at dinner,

Scot, of Newcastle, standing at

My

of smoke,

full

some time

was coming up

sunset, I

down and

bed-

Yoii do

Before he came,

room was

saw him coming toward me out

by me on the stair-head.

stifled

my

said, "

decided as soon as possible.

strong smell of burning, and so did Miss Hasmer.

and almost

He

?"

can be to you."

eyes and almost blinded

" 'Wednesday, 2lst June. I

hallelujah, with such

grandfather stood at

there was a strong smell of burning, and the

Mr. Knot's, and

!"

trouble was gone, and I wanted

what do you want

as uneasy to myself as

which got into

and you;

break through that back-

:

voices singing

twelve,

not make an end of this thing is

will help

you and be ever with you

bless

All

I said, " In God's name,

coming

murmur

away with them.

" 'Saturday 28ik. side.

with you; I

are backward, likewise, in praying with

The Lord

fear.

is

to Grod. Arise

"But God

said,

and afraid to receive the Lord's supper

others,

The Lord

cause have you to complain and

for

You

only keep close to God.

said, "

and saw

On

back.

when I thought

my

aunt,

I heard

Margaret

Saturday I had a

letter

that she died on that day.'

" Thus far Elizabeth Hobson. "

to

On Sunday, July 10, I received whom I had recommended her

the following letter from a friend,

:

" Sunderland, QthJuly, 1768.

"I wrote you word before, that Ehzabeth Hobson was put into possesThe same night, her old visitant, who had not troubled her for some time, came again and said, You must meet me at Boyldon You will see many appearhill on Thursday night, a little before twelve. sion of the house.

'

ances,

who

will call

them any answer. but

still

you

A

to

do not answer or

you to

desire

now V

He

me

to

come to them

stir.'

She

meet you there.

answered,

but do not

;

stir,

neither give

quarter before twelve I shall come and call you,

'

It

is

for your

said,

Why

'

It

is

a hardship upon

me

for

can you not take your leave

good that I

desire

it,

I can take


NAEEATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

my

now

leave of you

friends

sent

but

;

which you would not

He

come with me V

when I

if

to

like

217

â&#x20AC;˘

I do, I must take something from you,

She

part with.'

said,

'

said,

*

May

not a few

They may, but they must not be

pre-

come.'

" That night, twelve of us met at Mr. Davidson's (about a quarter of

a mile from the

pray for

hill),

Then

of a truth. us.

We

and spent some time

six of us

came

thither a

small distance from her.

and spent the time

When we it is all

who

!

called

Then he came and

called

She stood there

me me

said,

you

"You

why he

and why he could take

If

her.

in our sight,

a few minutes after one.

She

said,

'

Thank God, I saw many

at a distance, but I took no notice.

But

come well

are

stir.

Soon

He

fortified."'

requested her to meet him at that

his leave there,

out taking something from her. '

with us

to them, but I did not answer nor

came up to me and

no one, adding,

we kept her

till

I found everything as he told me.

then gave her the reasons place,

God was

place, leaving the rest to

before twelve, and then stood at a

saw her move, we went to meet

appearances,

after he

little

It being a fine night,

in prayer.

over and done

in prayer.

went with her to the

and not

in the house, with-

withhal, he charged her to tell this to

disclose this to

any creature, I

the necessity of troubling you as long as you

live;, if

shall

you do

be under

not, I shall

He

never trouble you, nor see you any more, either in time or eternity.'

then bade her farewell, waved

his hand, and disappeared."

sxttx^ ux In France, the

JfraiuL

belief in diabolic sorcery' appears to

have been more

prevalent than in England, and about the middle of the fifteenth century it

became, the ground of one of the most remarkable acts of wholesale

oppression that the history of that age has preserved to us. as the thirteenth century, the charge of sorcery of the

As

had been used

early

as

one

means of branding with infamy the name of the Waldenses or

Yaudois

;

they were accused of selling themselves to the devil, of pass-

ing through the air mounted on broomsticks to a place of general meeting,

where they did homage to the demon, and where they had preach


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

218

and did various

ing,

and

acts of impiety

Several persons

sinfulness.

accused of taking part in these meetings were put to deatH, and the

meeting

ries

was often characterized by the name of a Vaudoisie or

itself

The

a Vauderie.

secresy of the meetings of persecuted religious secta-

gave a certain plausible appearance to such

that at the

commencement

It

stories.

fearful crime of diabolic sorcery deeply

is

known

well

same hated and

of the fourteenth century, the

mixed up with the charges brought

against the unfortunate knights templars

;

and

it

was not unfrequently

used then and in subsequent times to ruin the character of high state offenders.

One

of

its

victims

was the powerful minister

of Philippe le Bel, Enguer-

rand de Marigny, the same who had conducted the execution of the templars, and

who

thus

fell

under a stroke of the deadly weapon which

he had employed for the destruction of others.

monarch

in 1315,

Enguerrand was thrown

After the death of that

into prison,

and accused of

various acts of extortion and other crimes in abuse of the confidence of his late

master, at the instigation of some of the princes of the royal

family of France, whose enmity he had provoked, especially of the counts of Valois and St. Pol.

Philippe's successor, Louis,

nation to save Enguerrand, and his trial was making it

showed some

incli-

progress,

when

little

was suddenly published abroad that he had entered

to compass the death of his

Enguerrand had sent

two

into a conspiracy

principal accusers.

for his wife, the lady of

It

of Chantelou, and his brother, the archbishop of Sens, in his

effecting the deaths of the prison, sent for a

made

kill

to

him

The

ladies,

after leaving

ot thxi

in alchem}'

mauvais gazgon, named Paviot, and promised them if

they would make "certain faces whereby they

the said counts."

of wax,

two counts.

lame woman, who appears to have dealt

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and a

a great sum of money

might

sister the lady

who came

and there held counsel together on the best method

prison,

q^d fesoit Vor

was stated thai

Marigny, her

and baptized

The

" faces," or images, were accordingly

in the devil's

name, and so ordered "by art

magic," that as they dried up the counts would have gradually pined

away and

died.

But

we are who gave

accidentally, as

to the ears of the count of Yalois,

told, the

the latter then consented to Enguerrand's death. viot

were hanged on one gibbet

ladies

;

were condemned to prison.

the lame

whole matter came

information to the king, and

Enguerrand and Pa-

woman was

burnt,

and the two

In 1334, the lady of Robert, Count of

Artois, and h6r son, were thrown into prison on a suspicion of sorcery

her husband had been banished for crimes of a different nature.


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES. The

chrouicle of St. Denis, in which

219

preserved the accouat of the

is

Enguerrand de Marigny, furnishes a singular instance of the

trial of

of a very considerable

sum

su-

In 1323, a Cistercian abbot was robbed

perstitious feelings of the age.

He

of money.

went to a man of Chateau-

Landon, who had been provost of that town, and was known by the name

Jehan

of

and by

discover

made an agreement with a

them and

made, and

way

Prevost, to consult on the best

le

his advice

them to make

was placed a black

in it

bread sopped

oblige

in

cream,

oil

cat,

of tracing the robbers,

who undertook

sorcerer,

A

restitution.

box was

to

first

with three days' provision of

that had been sanctified, and holy water, and

the box was then buried in the ground at a cross road, two holes having

been

the box, with two long pipes, which admitted sufficient air

left in

After three days the cat was to have been taken

to keep the cat alive.

out and skinned, and the skin cut into thongs, and these thongs being

made

man who wore it, with certain insignificant cerewho would immediately come and

into a girdle, the

monies, might call upon the evil one,

answer any question he put to him. It happened, however, that the

day

after the cat

was buried, a party

of shepherds passed over the spot with their sheep

with their

The

feet.

and dogs, and the

began to bark furiously and tear up the ground

latter, smelling the cat,

shepherds, astonished at the perseverance with

which the dogs continued to scratch the ground, brought the then provost

Chateau-Landon to the

of

found the box and

cat.

who had

place,

the ground excavated, and

It was at once judged to be an act of

sorcery,

and was the subject of much scandal, but no traces could be discovered

who had done it, until at last the provost found the carwho had made the box for Jehan le Prevost, and thus the whole

of the persons

penter

matter came to

Later on

light,

in

and two persons were burnt

the century,

for the crime.

the reign of the

in

â&#x20AC;˘

weak Charles YI.,

sorcery was again mixed up with the highest affairs of the state. in

1393 that

malady which years to his

fulfil

this prince

affected his reason,

the duties of his

madness to the

powerful

it.

Duke

The wise

It

was

attack of that painful

and rendered him People

unfit for several

in general ascribed

and they pointed to

his

beloved

young and beautiful Duchess of Orleans,

as the

This lady was a visconti, the daughter of the rich and of Milan:

and

it

appears that at this time Lombardy, her

native land, was celebrated above ers.

first

high station.

effects of diablerie,

Italian sister-in-law, the

author of

experienced the

all

other parts for sorcerers and poison-

ministers of the court judged

it

necessary to set up one

-


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY

220

sorcerer against another, and a

Arnaud was book

man

named Arnaud

of this stamp,

was brought from Guienne to cure the king by

laume,

to

in

every respect an ignorant pretender, but he possessed a

which he gave the strange

which he said was given by his son

Guil-

magic.

his

God

of Smagorad, the original of

title

Adam,

to

to console

him

for the loss of

Abel; and he pretended that any one who possessed this book

was enabled thereby to hold the

stars in subjection,

four elements and all the objects they contained. to the general opinion

by asserting

power of sorcery; but he

said that the authors of the

The

man gave

credit

positively that the king lay under the

ing so strenuously against him, that

could overcome them.

and to command the

This

charm were work-

would take much time before he

it

clergy, in the meantime, interfered to put a

stop to proceedings so contrary to the sentiments of the church, and the

king having recovered, Arnaud Guillaume seems to have fallen back into

Another attack followed

his original obscurity.

was not

cian

recalled, although people

bewitched, and they

now

still

rapidly, but the magi-

believed that their king was

openly accused the

Duke

of

Milan himself as

the sorcerer.

On

In 1391, King Charles was again the victim of a violent attack. .this

occasion the province of Guienne, which appears to have been cele-

brated for persons of this description, contributed toward his cure by sending

two persons

to counteract

believed to have fallen.

the influence under

which he was

These men, who were by profession Augustine

were received at court with every respect and honor, and were

friars,

lodged

in

They,

the chateau of St. Antoine.

like their

predecessor,

delayed their operations, amusing people with formalities and promises, while they lived in luxury and debauchery, and used their influence over people's

At

minds to corrupt their wives and daughters.

last

their

character became so apparent, that, after having been subjected to a fair trial, first

they were conducted to the Greve at publicly degraded from their order,

their fate

laboring

was no warning to others;

for

when,

in

in 1403, the

But even king was

immense weight, which was supported by

named

Burgundy, offered to

For this purpose they established themselves

not far from the gates of Dijon, where they of

where they were at

under another attack' of his malady, two sorcerers,

Poinson and Briquet, who resided at Dijon his cure.

Pai'is,

and then beheaded.

made

in

a thick

effect

wood

a magic circle of iron

iron columns of the height

of a middle-sized man, and to which twelve chains of iron were attached.

So great was the popular anxiety

for the king's recovery, that the

two


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

221

sorcerers succeeded in persuading twelve of the principal persons of the

town

The

sorcerers then proceeded with their incantations, but they

were altogether without

The

result.

and had averred

twelve, ers to

and allow themselves to be fastened by the

to enter the circle,

chains.

from the

who was one

first,

of the

caused the sorcer-

be arrested, and they were burnt for their crime.

The Duke

of Orleans appears to have fallen under the

Burgundy

—the

commencement

desolation of France

—the

same suspicion

Duke

After his murder by order of the

of sorcery as his Italian consort. of

bailif of Dijon,

his incredulity

latter

of those troubles which led

drew up various heads

to the

of accusation

against his victim as justifications of the crime, and one of these was, that

the

Duke

of Orleans

had attempted

According to

sorcery.

another apostate friar

ployed

his

— into

by means of

Mountjoie, where he was em-

his castle of

He

in these sinister designs.

before sunrise on a

to compass his death

statement, he had received a magician

performed

his

magical ceremonies

neighboring mountain, where two demons,

Herman and Astramon, appeared

to him;

and these became

named

his active

instruments in the prosecution of his design.

Many

other such cases no doubt occurred in the annals of this period.

Every reader

of history

knows that the most

serious crime laid to the

charge of Jeanne of Arc was that of sorcery, for which chiefly she was

condemned

to the stake.

It

was pretended that she had been

in the

habit of attending at the witches' sabbath which was held on the Thurs-

day night of every week, at a fountain by the

fairies

oak of Bourlemont,

near Domremy, her native place; that thence she was sent forth to cause

war and slaughter; that the sword concealed to

in the

evil spirits

church of

St.

had discovered to her a magic

Catherine at Pierbois, to which, and

charmed rings and banners which she bore about with

victories;

her, she

owed her

and that by means of sorcery she had gained the confidence

and favor of the king and the Duke of Bourbon.

She was condemned on

these charges by the faculty of theology of the university of Paris.


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

222

C|e gistarkita^

ÂŽ0ohtoxli:

at

A PASSAGE FROM THE HISTORY OF THE COMMONWEALTH. After

the deatli of Charles

I.

the royal property was confiscated, and

commissioners were appointed by parliament to survey and

Among

lands.

the royal estates

sell

crown

the

was the manor of Woodstock, of which

the parliamentary commissioners were sent to take possession in the month of October,

The more

1649.

fanatical part of the

opponents of roy-

alty

had always taught

was

actively engaged in the service of their opponents, battling against

that,

through witches and otherwise, the devil

them; and they now found him resolved upon more open

On

ever.

hostilities

than

the 3rd of October, the commissioners, with their servants,

went to the manor-hall, and took up

their lodgings in the king's

rooms, the bed-chamber and withdrawing-room as their kitchen, the council-hall

was

:

own

the former they used

their brew-house, the

chamber

of

presence served as their place of sitting to despatch business, and the

dining-room was used as a wood-house, where they laid the wood of

"that ancient standard

in the high park,

known

of

king affixed to

On

it)

by the name of

all

the king's oak, which (that nothing might remain that

had the name of

they digged up by the roots."

the 14th and 15th of October they

had

disturbance

little

but on

;

the 16th there came, as they thought, something into the bed-chamber,

where two of the commissioners and

their servant lay, in the shape of a

dog, wnich going under their bed, did, as

it

were,

gnaw

their bed-cords

;

but on the morrow finding them whole, and a quarter of beef which lay on the ground untouched, they " began to entertain other thoughts."

October IT. king's

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Something, to

their thinking,

oak out of the dining-room

the chairs and stools up and into the lay,

removed

all

the

to the presence-chamber,

down

that

room

;

feet so

much

of the

and hurled

from whence

two chambers where the two commissioners and

and hoisted up their bed

wood

it

came

their servants

higher than their heads, that

they thought they should have been turned over and over, and then let

them

fall

down with such

bed a good distance

;

force, that their bodies

they declared their bodies were sore with

came

into the

rebounded from the

and then shook the bedsteads so it.

On

violently,

that

the 18th, something

chamber and walked up and down, and fetching the warm-


NAERATIYES AXD ANECDOTES. made

ing-pau out of the withdrawing-room,

thought

fire-bells

could not have

so

made more.

223

much

noise that they

Next day trenchers were

thrown up and down the dining-room, and at those who of them being wakened, put forth his head to see

On

and had trenchers thrown at him. in

the withdrawing-room were

drawn

slept there; one

what was the matter,

the 20th, the curtains of the bed

and

to

bedstead was

fro; the

much

shaken, and eight great pewter dishes and three dozen of trenchers

thrown about the bedchamber again.

This night they also thought a

whole armful of the wood of the king's oak was thrown down in their chamber, but of that in the morning they found nothing had been moved.

On

the 21st, the keeper of their ordinary and his bitch lay in one of the

rooms with them, and on that night they were not disturbed at

But

all.

on the 2 2d, though the bitch slept there again, to which circumstance they had ascribed their former night's rest, both they and pitiful

October 23.

fearful yelp." in

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;They had

all their

the withdrawing-room, and the bricks

On

room.

were

in

" a

clothes plucked off

had been brought

thither,

them rose

to see

had been

all

and thrown down

what was done, fearing indeed

killed,

them

out of the chimney into the the

wood of

close

by

which being heard by those of the withdrawing-room,

bed-side,

sioners

fell

the 24th, they thought in the dining-room that

the king's oak

of

it

taking," the latter, " opening but once, and then with a whining

his fellow-commis-

Whereupon

but found no such matter.

their

" one

return-

ing to his bed again, he found two or three dozen of trenchers thrown into

it,

and handsomely covered with the bed-clothes."

The commissioners to

new

in the

persecutions.

persisted in retaining possession,

On

withdrawing-room were drawn to and

as before;

and

in

and were subjected

the 25th of October the curtains of the bed fro,

and the bedstead shaken,

the bed-chamber, glass flew about so thick (and yet

not one of the chamber-windows broken), that they thought

money; whereupon they lighted candles, but "to their

On

nothing but glass."

and shut

it,

the 29th something going to the

then going into the bed-chamber,

half an hour's time, some whereof truckle-bed, to the

was

also

number

a very great

off together.

in all of

in

window opened

threw great stones for

above fourscore.

noise, as if forty pieces of

off.

had rained

on the high-bed, others on the This night there

ordnance had been shot

It astonished all the neighborhood,

must have been heard a great way heard

fell

it

it

grief they found

and

During these

it

was thought

noises,

it

which were

both rooms together, the commissioners and their servants were

struck with so great horror, that they cried out one to another for help;


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

224

whereupon one of them recoyering himself out of a "strange agony" he

had been

snatched a sword, and had like to have killed one of his

in,

brethren coming out of his bed in his

However,

that did the mischief.

noise continued so great

and

whom

shirt,

he took for the

spirit

at length they got all together, yet the

terrible,

and shook the walls so much, that

they thought the whole manor would have fallen on their heads.

At

the

departure of the supernatural disturber of their repose, "it took

all

the

the glass of the windows

away with

On

it."

the

of JS'ovember,

first

down the withThe stones

something, as the commissioners thought, walked up and

drawing-room, and then made a noise in the dining-room.

which were fetched

before,

left

away

this night,

and

laid

up

withdrawing-room, were

in the

and a great deal of glass (not

like the

all

former)

tlirown about again.

On

the 2d of ISTovember, there

came something

much

ing-room, treading, as they conceived,

like

into the withdraw-

a bear, which began by

walking about for a quarter of an hour, and then at length

and threw the warming-pan

noise about the table

It threw also

quite spoiled.

bedstead and the walls were bruised by them. candles

all

about the rooms, and made

the chimney, but

all

were put

made a it

was

a glass and great stones at the commis-

and the bones of horses; and

sioners again,

it

so violently that

out,

wood being thrown up and down

all

so violently, that the

That night they planted

up to the "rantle-trees" of

fires

nobody knew how, the

and burnt

fire

the room; the curtains were torn with

the rods from their beds, and the bed-posts pulled away, that the tester fell

down upon them, and

The servants

the feet of the bedstead were cloven into two.

in the truckle-bed,

who

lay

all

the time sweating for fear,

were treated even worse, for there came upon them

made

them begin to

by a whole

made

stir,

tubful, as

their shirts

windows were

all

it

little

which

was followed

it

were, of stinking ditch water, so green that

and sheets of that color

too.

it

The same night the '

broke by throwing of stones, and there was most

terrible noises in three several places together near them.

rabbit-stealers

a

first

but before they could get out,

who were abroad

dismal thundering, that for haste they

behind them, beyond Rosemond's well.

them had the boldness

Nay, the very

that night were so affrighted with the

to ask,- in the

left

their ferrets in the holes

Notwithstanding

name

of God,

what

all this, it

was,

one of

what

it

would have, and what they had done that they should be so disturbed after this for

manner.

a while.

To which no answer was

given but the noise ceased


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

At

length

worse than set

it

it

came

again, and, as all of

Whereupon one

itself.

between the two chambers

his eyes

saw the

of

invisible

his sword,

it

Then began

Upon

out.

of

this,

the same person was so bold as

him so

it

but there was another

out,

and tugged with him

it too,

and candlestick

and afterward making three scrapes

but he had scarce got

hand had hold

vailing, struck

doorway, on which another fixing

similitude of a hoof, striking the candle

on the snuff to put

draw

brought seven devils

said,

them lighted a candle again, and

in the

into the middle of the bed-chamber,

to

them

225

violently, that

for

it

;

and pre-

he was stunned with the blow.

violent noises again, insomuch that they,

one

calling to

another, got together, and went into the presence-chamber, where they said prayers, noises

still

and sang psalms

;

notwithstanding

After

continued in other rooms.

November, they removed

all

which, the thundering

this,

their lodging over the gate;

on the third of

and next day, being

Sunday, went to Ewelm, " where, how they escaped the authors of the relation

knew

not, but returning

name they gave

on Monday, the devil (for that was the

their nightly guest) left

Tuesday following, which was the

last

them not

unvisited, nor on

day they stayed."

the

The courage

even of the devout commissioners of the parliament was not proof against a persecution like

this,

and the manor of Woodstock was relieved from

their presence.

It was late in the twelfth century

when the Anglo-Normans

the portion of that island which has since received the lish Pale,,

first set

and before the end of the thirteenth

their feet in Ireland as conquerors,

was already covered with

flourishing

name

towns and

of the cities,

Engwhich

bore witness to the rapid increase of commerce in the hands of the enterprising

and industrious

settlers

from the shores of Great Britain.

county of Kilkenny, attractive by

was one of the of which

we

districts first

are speaking,

its

beauty and by

its

occupied by the invaders

its

chief town,

named

The

various resources, ;

and at the time

also Kilkenny,

was a

strong city with a commanding castle, and was inhabited by wealthy 15


226

THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

merchants, one of

whom was

a rich banker and money-lender

named

William Outlawe. This William Outlawe married a lady of property ler,

Le

or

Kyteler,

who

named Alice Kyte-

was, perhaps, the sister or a near relative of a

William Kyteler, incidentally mentioned as holding the the liberty of Kilkenny.

and

widow became the

his

which, by

its

office of sheriff of

William Outlawe died some time before 1302;

Adam

wife of

Blond, of Callan, of a family

le

English name of White, held considerable estates in Kil-

kenny and Tipperary

This second husband was dead be-

in later times.

fore 1311; for in that year the lady Alice appears as the wife of

Richard

de Yalle: and at the time of the events narrated in the following pages,

John

she was the spouse of a fourth husband, Sir

husband she had a

He was

banker. also a

named

son,

have been the heir to

also

By

her

first

William Outlawe, who appears to

property, and

his father's

Poer.

le

succeeded him as a

and seems to have inherited

his mother's favorite child,

good portion of the wealth of the lady Alice's second and

third

husbands.

The few

incidents relating to this family previous to the year 1324,

which can be gathered from the entries on the Irish records, seem to

show that

so prevalent

1302,

was not altogether

it

among

Adam

free

the Anglo-Irish in former ages.

Blond and Alice

le

from the turbulent

which was

spirit

It appears, that, in

intrusted to the keeping of

his wife

William Outlawe the younger the sum of three thousand pounds

which William Outlawe, in his house,

in

money,

for the better security, buried in the earth with-

a method of concealing treasure which accounts for many

of our antiquarian discoveries.

This was soon noised abroad

;

and one

night William le Kyteler, the sheriff above mentioned, with others, by

precept of the

house vi off,

ei

seneschal of the

arviis, as

liberty

the record has

of Kilkenny, broke

into

the

dug up the money, and carried

it,

it

along with a hundred pounds belonging to William Outlawe himself,

which they found in silence

;

in the house.

Such an outrage

as this could not pass

but the perpetrators attempted to shelter themselves under the

excuse that, being dug up from the ground,

such belonged to the king

;

and,

when

Adam

attempted to make good their claims, the

it

le

was

treasure-trove,

Blond and

sheriff

and as

his wife Alice

trumped up a charge

against them that they had committed homicide and other crimes, and

that they had concealed Roesia Outlawe (perhaps the sister of William

Outlawe the younger), accused of

theft,

from the agents of

which pretences he threw into the prison

all three,

justice,

Adam,

under

Alice,

and


NAREATIVES AND ANECDOTES. They were, however, soon afterward

Roesia. learn

if

they recovered their money.

227

liberated, but

William Outlawe's

we do not

riches,

and

his

mother's partiality for him, appear to have drawn upon them both the jealousy and hatred of

reached

At

in

many

of their neighbors, and even of some of

were too powerful and too highly connected to be

their kindred, but they

any ordinary way. Richard de Ledrede, a turbulent intriguing

this time

prelate, held

the see of Ossory, to which he had been consecrated in 1318 by mandate

from Pope John XXII., the same pontiff to

whom we owe

the

first

bull

against sorcery {contra magos magicasque suferstitiones,) which was the

groundwork of the

inquisitorial persecutions of the following ages.

1324, Bishop Richard made a visitation of the chronicler of these events inform us, five knights

and other noblemen

his diocese,

"by an

In

and " found," as

inquest in which were

in great multitude, that in the city of

Kilkenny there had long been, and

still

were,

many sorcerers

using divers

kinds of witchcraft, to the investigation of which the bishop proceeding, as he

was obliged by duty

of his office, found a certain rich lady, called

the lady Alice Kyteler, the mother of William Outlawe, with

many

of her

Here, then, was a

accomplices, involved in various such heresies."

occasion for displaying the zeal of a follower of the sorcery-hating

fair

Pope

John, and also perhaps for indulging some other passions.

The persons accused

as

Lady

Alice's accomplices, were her son, the

banker, William Outlawe, a clerk russyn, William

Payn

ter Sarah, Alice, the wife of

Galrussyn,

named Robert de

of Boly, Petronilla de

Henry

Meath,

the Smith,

Bristol,

John Gal-

Petronilla's daugh-

Annota Lange, Helena

Sysok Galrussyn, and Eva de Brounstoun,

The charges

brought against them were distributed under seven formidable heads. First, it

were

was asserted

in the habit of totally

less,

denying the faith of Christ and of the church

month, according as the object to be attained was greater

for a year or

or

that, in order to give effect to their sorcery, they

so that during the stipulated period they believed in nothing that

the church believed, and, abstained from worshipping the body of Christ,

from entering a church, from hearing mass, and from participating sacrament.

living animals,

scattering

in the

Second, that they propitiated the demons with sacrifices of

which they divided member from member, and

them

in cross-roads, to

be called Robin Artisson class of hell."

a certain demon

{filius Artis,)

who caused

who was "one

offered,

by

himself to

of the poorer

Third, that by their sorceries they sought council and

answers from demons.

Fourth,

that

they used the ceremonies of the


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

228

churcli in their nightly conventicles, pronouncing, with lighted candles of

wax, sentence of excommunication, even against the persons of their own husbands, naming expressly every member, from the sole of the foot to the top of the head, and at length extinguishing the candles with the

"Fi!

exclamation

fi!

Amen."

fi!

Fifth, that with the intestines

and

other inner parts of cocks sacrificed to the demons, with " certain horrible

worms," various herbs, the

dead men,- the

nails of

disgusting, boiled in the skull of a certain robber fire

made

brains,

and

had died unbaptized, and other things equally

clothes of children which

on a

hair,

of oak-sticks, they

who had been beheaded,

had made powders and ointments, and

also candles of fat boiled in the said skull, with certain charms,

which

things were to be instrumental in exciting love or hatred, and in killing

and otherwise

afflicting

various other purposes.

the bodies of faithful Christians, and in effecting Sixth, that the sons

and daughters of the four

husbands of the Lady Alice Kyteler had made their complaint to the

by such

bishop, that she,

sorcery,

had procured the death of her hus-

bands, and had so infatuated and charmed them, that they had given their property to her

their sons

and

and her

son, to the perpetual

all

impoverishment of

heirs; insomuch, that her present husband,

Sir

John

le

Poer, was reduced to a most miserable state of body by her powders,

omtments, and other magical operations servant, he

had

forcibly taken

which he found a bag rated, which he

from

with two

in his hand.

to the

the

demon

called

Robin

to hei*in the form of a cat, sometimes

shaggy dog, and at others

in the

form of a black man,

and equally-swarthy companions, each carrying an iron rod It

is

demon was

added by some of the old

beam

chroniclers, that her offering

nine red cocks, and nine peacocks' eyes, at a certain

stone bridge at a cross-road

she rubbed a

Seventh, that there was an un-

Lady Alice and

who sometimes appeared tall

keys of her boxes, in

his wife the

had sent to the bishop.

in that of a black

but being warned by her maid-

with the "detestable" articles above enume-

filled

holy connection between the said Artisson,

;

of

that she had a certain ointment with which

;

wood

" called a cowltre,"

upon which she and her

accomplices were carried to any part of the world they wished, without

hurt or stoppage; that "she swept the stretes of Kilkennie betweene

compleine and twilight, raking

William Outlawe, murmuring

'

all

the filth towards the doores of

secretlie

with hir

To the house of William Hie

all

my

selfe these

sonne,

the wealth of Kilkennie town

*'

r'

hif;

words

:

sonne


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES. and that the

in

name

229

her house was seized a wafer of consecrated bread, on which

was

of the devil

The bishop

written.

of Ossgry resolved at once to enforce in its utmost rigor the

recent papal bull against offenders of this class

with greater

difficulties

but he had to contend

;

The mode

than he expected.

of proceeding was

new, for hitherto in England sorcery was looked upon as a crime of which the secular law had cognizance, and not as belonging to the ecclesiastical court;

and

this is said to

have been the

first trial of"

the kind in Ireland

that had attracted any public attention.

Moreover, the Lady Alice, who

was the person

and powerful supporters.

had

chiefly attacked,

by the bishop was

step taken

first

rich

The

to require the chancellor to issue a

But

writ for the arrest of the persons accused. lord-chancellor of Ireland at this time

it

happened that the

was Koger Outlawe,

prior of the

order of St. John of Jerusalem, and a kinsman of William Outlawe.

This dignitary, in conjunction with Arnald

le

Poer, seneschal of Kilkenny,

expostulated with the bishop, and tried to persuade him to drop the

When, however, demanding the

suit.

the latter refused to listen to them, and persisted in

writ, the chancellor informed

him that

it

was not custom-

ary to issue a writ of this kind, until the parties had been regularly pro-

The bishop indignantly

ceeded against according to law.

replied that

the service of the church was above the forms of the law of the land the chancellor

now turned a deaf

ear,

;

but

and the bishop sent two apparitors

with a formal attendance of priests to the house of William Outlawe,

where Lady Alice was

The lady refused

to

court in this case

;

Roger Outlawe, herself

by her

and

ecclesiastical

and, on the day she was to appear, the chancellor,

sent advocates,

and not

counsel,

less of this plea,

residing, to cite her in person before his court.

acknowledge the jurisdiction of the

who

publicly pleaded her right to defend

appear

to

in person.

The

bishop, regard-

pronounced against her the sentence of excommunication,

cited her son, William Outlawe, to appear

on a certain day, and

answer to the charge of harboring and concealing

his

mother

in defiance

of the authority of the church.

On

learning this, the seneschal of Kilkenny, Arnald

le

Poer, repaired

to the Priory of Kells, where the bishop was lodged, and

and touching appeal ried

and provoked by

vengeance.

to

him to mitigate

his obstinacy,

The next morning,

he

made a long

his anger, until at length,

left his

as the bishop

wea-

presence with threats of

was departing from the

priory to continue his visitation in other parts of the diocese, he was

stopped at the entrance to the town of Kells by one of the seneschal's


THE MYSTERIES OF ASTROLOGY.

230 Stephen

officer's,

le

until the

appear

where he was kept

in custody

day was past on which William Outlawe had been cited to

The

in his court.

bishop, after

offered in his person to the church,

cerers

who conducted him

Poer, with a body of armed men,

as a prisoner to the castle of Kilkenny,

and

heretics,

was obliged

many

protests on the indignity

and on the protection given to

to submit.

It

sor-

was a mode of evading

the form of law, characteristic of an age in which the latter was subser-

and the bishop's

vient to force,

friends believed that the king's officers

They even reported

were bribed by William Outlawe's wealth.

after-

ward, to throw more discredit on the authors of this act of violence, that one of the guards

Arnald

Sir

was heard

him

to say to another, as they led

to

" That fair steed which William Outlawe presented to our lord

prison,

last

night

draws

well,

for

has drawn the bishop to

it

prison."

This summary

mode

of proceeding against

an

ecclesiastic,

have caused astonishment even in Ireland, and during the

appears to

first

day mul-

titudes of people of all classes visited the bishop in his confinement, to

feed and comfort him, the general ferment increasing with the discourses

he pronounced to

To

his visitors.

hinder

this,

the seneschal ordered

him

to

ers,

except a few of the bishop's especial friends and servants.

be more

strictly confined,

and forbade the admission of any

bishop at once placed the whole diocese under an interdict.

It

visit-

The was

necessary to prepare immediately some excuse for these proceedings, and the seneschal issued a proclamation calling upon plaints to

make

who had any com-

all

against the bishop of Ossory to come forward

an inquest held before the justices

itinerant,

many

;

and

at

grievous crimes of the

bishop were rehearsed, but none would venture personally to charge him

All these circumstances, however, show that the bishop was

with them. not faultless

;

and that his conduct would not bear a very

tion, is evident

from the

fact, that

close examina-

on more than one occasion 'in subse-

quent times, he was obliged to shelter himself under the protection of the king's pardon for all past

William Outlawe now went to

ofi'ences.

the archives of Kilkenny, and there found a former deed of accusation against the bishop of Ossory for having defrauded a ritance of her husband.

The

widow

bishop's party said that

it

of the inhe-

was a cancelled

document, the case having been taken out of the secular court

William had had a new copy made of fact,

it

;

and that

to conceal the evidence of this

and had then rubbed the fresh parchment with

his shoes., in order to

give his copy the appearance of an old document.

However,

it

was


NARRATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

who now

delivered to the seneschal,

231

offered to release his prisoner

on

condition of his giving sufficient bail to appear and answer in the secular court the

and

to do,

charge thus brought against him.

This the bishop refused

had remained eighteen days

after he

in confinement,

he was

unconditionally set free.

The bishop marched from tifical robes,

him

his prison in triumph, full-dressed in his pon-

and immediately cited William Outlawe to appear before

in his court

on another day; but before that day arrived, he received

a royal writ, ordering him to appear before the lord-justice of Ireland

without any delay, on penalty of a fine of a thousand pounds, to answer to the king for having placed his diocese under interdict,

and

make

He received

his defence against the accusations of

Arnald

le

Poer.

also to

a similar summons from the dean of St. Patrick's, to appear before him as the vicarial representative of the archbishop of Dublin.

made answer, that

of Ossory

journey, because his

way

enemy, Sir Arnald, but

was relieved from the Other

was not

safe for

The bishop

him to undertake the

lay through the lands and lordship of his

this excuse

was not admitted, and the diocese

interdict.

were reserved

trials

it

for the mortified prelate.

after the octaves of Easter, the seneschal,

Arnald

le

On

the

Monday

Poer, held his court

of justice in the judicial hall of the city of Kilkenny, and there the

Bishop of Ossory resolved to present himself and invoke publicly the aid

arm

of the secular sorcery.

to his assistance in seizing the persons accused of

The seneschal forbade him

to enter the court on his peril; but

the bishop persevered, and "robed in his pontificals, carrying in his hands

the body of Christ (the consecrated host), in a vessel of gold," and

attended by a numerous body of friars and clergy, he entered the hall

and forced

his

way

to the tribunal.

The

seneschal received him with

reproaches and insults, and caused him to be ignominiously turned out of court.

At

the repeated protest, however, of the offended prelate, and

the intercession of some influential persons there present, he was allowed to return, and the seneschal ordered him to take his place at the bar allotted for criminals,

upon which the bishop

cried out that Christ

had

never been treated so before since he stood at the bar before Pontius Pilate.

He

then called upon the seneschal to cause the persons accused

of sorcery to be seized upon and delivered into his hands, and, upon his refusal to do this, he held

open the book of the decretals and

Sir Arnald, are a knight,

and instructed

have the plea of ignorance

in this place,

in letters,

we

said, "

You,

and that you may not

are prepared here to

show

in


THE MTSTEEIES OF ASTROLOGY.

232 these decretals that this respect

"

Go

you and your

are

officials

bound

to obey

my

order in

under heavy penalties."

your decretals," replied the seneschal, " and

to the church with

preach there, for here you

not find an attentive audience."

will

The bishop then read aloud the names

of the offenders,

and the crimes

imputed to them, summoned the seneschal to deliver them up to the jurisdiction of the church,

Arnald

Sir

and retreated from the

Poer and

le

his friends

court.

bad not been

idle

on their part,

and the bishop was next cited to defend himself against various charges parliament to be held at Dublin, while the

in the

him

in

a secular court for defamation.

Lady Alice

The bishop

is

having narrowly escaped the snares which were laid for him on to Dublin

;

he there found the Irish

prfelates

not

much

came

his

way

inclined to advo-

cate his cause, because they looked upon him as a foreigner interloper,

indicted

represented as

and an

and he was spoken of as a truant monk from England, who

thither, to represent the " Island of Saints " as a nest of heretics,

and to plague them with papal

bulls of

which they never heard before.

It was, however, thought expedient to preserve the credit of the church,

and some of the more effect at least

influential of the Irish ecclesiastics interfered to

an outward reconciliation between the seneschal and the

Bishop of Ossory.

new

After encountering an infinity of

obstacles

and

disappointments, the latter at length obtained the necessary power to

bring the alleged offenders to a

trial,

and most

of

them were imprisoned,

but the chief object of the bishop's proceedings, the

been conveyed secretly away, and she her

life

in

England.

When

is

said to have

Lady

Alice,

had

passed the rest of

her son, William Outlawe, was cited to

appear before the bishop in his court in the church of St Kilkenny, he went "armed to the teeth" with

all

Mary

sorts of armor,

attended with a very formidable company, and demanded

at

and

a copy of

the charges objected against him, which extended through thirty-four chapters.

He

for

nobody dared to

the present was

arrest him,

allowed to go at large, because

and when the

officers of the

crown arrived

they showed so openly their favor toward him as to take up their lodgings at his house.

At

length, however, having

been convicted

in

the

bishop's court at least of harboring these accused of sorcery, he consented

to go into prison, trusting probably to the secret protection of the great

barons of the land.

The only person mentioned by name of sorcery was Petronilla de Meath,

as punished for the extreme crime

who

was, perhaps, less provided with


NAERATIVES AND ANECDOTES.

who appears

worldly interests to protect her, and

and then, probably to escape a further repetition of

six times flogged,

and degrading punishment, she made public

ing not only herself but

She

proceeded.

made an

to have been

She was, by order of the bishop

expiatory sacrifice for her superiors.

this cruel

233

the others against

all

confession, accus-

whom

the bishop had

said that in all England, " perhaps in the whole world,"

there was not a person

more deeply

skilled in the practices

of sorcery

than the Lady Alice Kyteler, who had been their mistress and teacher

She confessed to most of the charges contained

in the art.

bishop's articles of accusation,

the

demon, and had assisted in making the unguents of the

sacrifices to the

intestines of the cocks offered

certain black

in

and said that she had been present at the

worms

on this occasion, mixed with spiders and with a certain herb called

like scorpions,

millefoil,

and other herbs and worms, and with the brains and clothes of a

manner before

that had died without baptism, in the

child

related; that with

these unguents they had produced various effects upon different persons,

making the

appear horned

faces of certain ladies

had been present at the nightly

like

goats

that she

;

and with the assistance of

conventicles,

her mistress had frequently pronounced the sentance of excommunication

own husband, with

against her

unholy

rites

;

all

the

that she had been with the

Robin Artisson, appeared to which we

in her presence,

her,

ceremonies

Lady

Alice

required by their

when the demon,

and had seen acts pass between them,

shall not

The wretched

undertake to describe.

woman, having made

this public confession,

and publicly burnt.

This, says the relator,

was carried out was the

first

into the city

witch

who was

ever burnt in Ireland.

The rage

of the bishop of Ossory appears

tain degree, appeased.

He

now

to have been, to a cer-

was prevailed upon to remit the

William Outlawe, enjoining him, as a reparation for

his

offences of

contempt of the

church, that within the period of four years he should cover with lead the

whole roof of

his cathedral

Holy

the chapel of the

from the steeple eastward, as well as that of

Virgin.

The

rest of the

Lady

Alice's "pestiferous

society" were punished in different ways, with more or less severity; one

or two of them,

we

are told, were subsequently burnt; others were flogged

publicly in the market-place

from the diocese

;

and a few,

and through the

city; others

were banished

like their mistress, fled to a distance, or con-

cealed themselves so effectually as to escape the hands of justice.

There was one person concerned

in the foregoing events

bishop had not forgotten or forgiven.

That was Arnald

le

whom

the

Poer, the


THE MYSTERIES OP ASTROLOGY.

234

who had

seneschal of Kilkenny,

William Outlawe and

his

Camden

much

treated with so

narrative of this history, pub-

Society by the writer of this paper, gives no further

information respecting him, but

bishop

advocated the cause of

who had

The Latin

rudeness the bishop himself. lished for the

so strenuously

mother, and

now accused him

of heresy,

we

learn from other sources that the

had him excommunicated, and obtained

a writ by which he was committed prisoner to the castle of Dublin.

Here

he remained in 1328, when Roger Outlawe was made lord-justice of Ireland,

who attempted

enraged at the

to mitigate his sufferings.

lord-justice's

abetting heretics

;

The bishop

of Ossory,

humanity, accused him also of heresy and of

upon which a parliament was

called,

and the

different

accusations having been duly examined, Arnald le Poer himself would

probably have been declared innocent and liberated from confinement, but before the end of the investigation he died in prison, and his body, lying

under sentence of excommunication, remained long unburied.

The was

bishop,

who had been

at last accused of the

so great a prosecutor of heresy in others,

same crime

himself,

and the case being

laid

before the archbishop of Dublin, he appealed to the apostolic see, fled

the country privately, and repaired to Italy.

Subsequent to

this,

he ap-

pears to have experienced a variety of troubles, and he suffered banish-

ment during nine

years.

He

died at a very great age in 1360.

bishop's party boasted that the

Ireland was entirely rooted out by the prosecution of the teler

and her accomplices.

in witchcraft

these events.

The

"nest" of sorcerers who had infested

Lady Alice Ky-

It may, however, be well doubted,

if

the belief

were not rather extended by the publicity and magnitude Of Ireland would no doubt afford

cases in subsequent times,

many

equally remarkable

had the chroniclers thought them

as well

worth

recording as the process of a lady of rank, which involved some of the leading people in the English pale, and which agitated the whole state

during several successive years.


A

FEW LAST WORDS,

Having now conducted

his readers througli the

mazes of occult

science without bewildering or confusing them with technicalities

and complex processes in mathematics, geometry, only be mastered thoroughly by the student

mind and the best years of

who

&c.,

which can

gives his whole

Author

his life to the pursuit, the

takes a friendly leave of them, trusting that they have derived instruction, information

and rational amusement from the pages

he has had the pleasure of laying before them. If he has failed to convince

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

" More things Than are dreamed -

he has labored to

little

in

them that there

Hamlet

are, as

Heaven and Earth,

of in

your philosophy,"

But

purpose.

this

cannot be.

History,

tradition, every species of credible testimony, is in favor of the

truth of Astrology and the occasional presence of supernatural

agents in this material world.

shown plicitly affairs,

in the chapter

on the

The language

of

Holy Writ,

" Divine Origin of Astrology," ex-

admits the influence of the heavenly bodies over

and recognizes, not as mere

and in

phenomena of magic

:

the world's history,

we

as

this,

illusions,

but as

human

realities,

the

the most enlightened age of

find thousands

upon thousands of the


A FEW LAST WORDS.

236

most intelligent members of society vonching for the existence of

superhuman agencies in our very midst, and citing skepticism

affects

to

doubt, but

cannot disprove

;

which

facts

and which

every experiment only serves to establish on firmer grounds and

by the evidence of new witnesses. These are matters which cannot safely be treated with sion

;

and in concluding

his labors (so far as this

cerned,) the author ventures to

volume

is

deri-

con-

express the hope that he has

thrown some light upon the phenomena of Occult Science and kindred mysteries.

its


C0itteitts.

....... ....... ....

Frontispiece, Dedication-,

2 5

....

Autobiography of the Author,

The Mysteries of Astrology, The History of Astrology, Elementary Principles of Astrology, .

Chiromancy,

Page

.

.

.

7 15

17

.

35

or the Art of Foretelling Events

by the Hand,

55

........ .... ...... .....

The Doctrine of Nativities Geomancy,

According to Horary Astrology,

:

67 83

Divination by the Seven Planets,

The First Process,

A Figure of Triplicity,

The Sentence of the Judge in the Questions relating Life,

Money

2.

or Gain,

3.

Honor or

Credit,

4.

to,

1.

93

Length of

Business,

5.

Mar-

riage, 6. Pregnancy, 7. Sickness, 8. Lnprisonment, 9. Journeys, 10.

and

......... ....

Things Lost, according to the most Famous Authors of former

times,

Physiognomy and Metoposcopy, ^ Governing the several Temperaments,

.... .... .... ....

$ Governing

the several Humors,

^ Governing

the several Constitutions,

The

The

Governing in the Choloric, J)

Governing in the Phlegmatic,

5 Governing through the several Humors,

Ancient Phrenology, Metoposcopy,

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

The Famous Elixir of Life, Prepared from Balm, Narratives and Anecdotes in relation to Witchcraft, tions. Visions, Presentiments,

.

111

111 112

113

.

.

.

109 110

112

.

......

The Divine Origin of Astrology, Of Medical Herbs,

.

96

105

116

,

.

125

132 134

Magic, Appari

and other Supernatural Phenomena,

137


CONTENTS,

CCXXXVIU

Page

HoPKixs THE Witch-finder, and his Victims, From an Old Record,

,

The Dead Lover's Revenge, From a celebrated German Author, Benvenuto Cellini and the Sicilian Priest, A Tale of Magic, Trans

.....

lated from the Italian,

Extraordinary Case of Somnambulism, Dr. Faustus and his Demon, .

.

The English Magician, Dr. Dee, A Royal Opinion on Witches,

.

...

159

.

.

.....

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

Death Warning in a Dream, Wonderful Instance of Presentiment, From .

Stilling,

153 15'5

.

Anecdotes of Swedenborg,

149 ,

.

.

.

Apparition of a Living Man,

Providential Forebodings,

.

.

.

163

164

.

165

.

.

.

161

167

.

........ ....

The Witches of Mohra in Sweden, Lottery Prizes won by Dreams, From mental Psychology,

.

the

German

a Letter in

.

.

of Dr.

Jung 168 169

Moritz's Experl

174

.

Remarkable Fulfilment of a Prediction, From a German The Predictions of Cazotte, Translated from the German of The Shade of the King of Poland, Buckingham and the Spectre, The Old Maid's Christmas Story, As related to her Nieces, The White Lady, From an Old Work, The Vision of Thespesios, Leaves from a Distinguished Clergyman's Journal,

Author,

179

....

.

.

182

Stilling,

187

189

.

193

..... ......

202

.

Sorcery in France,

....... .......

The Disturbances at Woodstock, A Commonwealth,

Story of the Lady Alice Kyteler,

A Few

Last Words,

139

li2

206 208 217

Passage from "the History of the

.

.

.

.

222 .

225 235


MMMrt

.

LADIES,

.

.

$1:00.

Accurately calculated and read in Signs that rule the sexes.

GENTLEMEN,

full,

according to the Planets and

human frame and determine

Ladies, $1 50

;

fit

1:50.

tlie

Celestial

the fates and fortunes of both

Gentlemen, f 2.

Ajid "Written out In

ftall

for the wliole Iitfctime of the Parties.

Ladies $3.

Gentlemen $5.

C.

W. ROBACK, BOSTON, MASS.

dkfi


BlRo m®IBA(GlI£

FOR THE

CURE WITHOUT PAIN

Patronized by the Medical Faculty

AM) USED WITH EMIMNT

of

Paris,

London,

SUCCESS IN PUBLIC HOSPITALS IN THIS

COUNTET AND IN EUEOPE.

Price of the Chcains— according to directions for use,

size,

$5,

is to

be used.

'

f 10, $15 and ^20, including

and valuable advice in relation

extraordinary Electric Agent is

and Edinburgh,

When

full

to the diseases for -which this

the influence of Celestial Magic

desired in conjunction -with that of the Galvanic Chain, the charge will be

agreed upon at the time.

MEBICIIE CHESTS Contain tlie necessarv remedies for all tte diseases enumerated in his work, withi the most explicit directions for using them. No family in the land should be without one, as they are always useful. To captains of vessels the Doctor's medical chest should be their first mate they contain medicines applicable to all diseases, with full directions how to use them. Among the most prominent medicines contained in his chests are certain remedies to cure Fits, Fever and Ague, Female Diseases, Consumption, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, and Diseases of the Bladder. ;

m. 1, $6.00; Ho. 2, $10.00; No. No.4, $30.00; No. 5, $40.00.

Price of Chests as follows:

BOSTON, MASS.

3,

$20.00;


/S^O: ci

v


Os mistérios da astrologia, e as maravilhas da magia publicado 1854  

Os mistérios da astrologia, e as maravilhas da magia: incluindo a história do surgimento e progresso da astrologia e os vários ramos da necr...

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