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Tlanets

,

1 10 decrees

Heliocentric place

ols

viewed, from the Sun-

^ "*

+ Ethctet del

:

&)

deyrre*


THE

STUDENT'S ASSISTANT IN

astronomy

S*0tvologj> t

attfc CONTAINING

OBSERVATIONS ON THE REAL AND APPARENT MOTIONS OF THE SUPERIOR PLANETS. THE GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS, CALCULATED FOR 41 YEARS TO COME. Geocentric Longitude of the Planet Herschel for 100 years during

The Moon's Node on

the 18th Century.

every month, from 1836 to 1880.

and Geocentric Longitude of

the

first

day of

Heliocentric all

the

PLANETS' ASCENDING AND DESCENDING

NODES. LONGITUDE, LATITUDE, AND MAGNITUDE OF ONE HUNDRED AND FORTY-FOUR FIXED STARS, FOR PAST AND FUTURE YEARS. l&cltpse* of

ttje

£>utt bfetfcle in <£nglantr.

ALSO

A DISCOURSE ON THE HARMONY OF

PHRENOLOGY, ASTROLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

BY

J.

T.

HACKET.

LONDON! H

BRAY AND KING, AND

E.

GRATTAN,

55, ST.

51,

1836.

L

MARTIN'S LANE,

PATERNOSTER ROW.


Milton $ra«s, J.

NICHOLS,

9,

CHANDOS STREET, STRAND.


ERRATA. Tagc

1 1

,

line 5 , for procession

Page, 36, line

5,

for

read precession

Nodes read Node, 30 years read for 30 years

Page 110,

line

Page 133,

line 2, for extensive, indeed read extensive indeed,

Page 152,

line

7,

Page 169,

line

10, for Zodiacal Planisphere read Zodiacal.

Physiognomy

15, for to

for of position read or position,


^

I

TO THE

STUDENTS AND ADMIRERS OF

ASTRONOMY, ASTROLOGY, PHRENOLOGY, AND

PHYSIOGNOMY,

To whom this

Author

the

respectfully dedicates

production, and begs leaves to state, that

which

seems

be

to

the

duty

of

every

stu-

dent has not been attempted, until the present

Author undertook

this laborious task,

of calculations, for the benefit students.

work of

It is

this

universally

found in

contrary, the

the

faults

of his

series

brother

useless to mention here that a

kind has been long wanted and

called for.

this

and

If

any errors should be

work, in defiance of care to the author

and

begs

deficiencies

leave to state, are

his

that

own, and


DEDICATION.

IV

not those of another, not being able to find any

person either inclined, and to assist

He

him

in

hopes on

if

inclined, not capable

any part of the

this

ground

calculations.

to merit

your indul-

gence and forgiveness, should any thing incorrect

be advanced on the subjects treated withstanding

all

difficulties

of.

Not-

or defects, he feels

confident that his labours will prove useful to

the

and

proficient,

instructive

to

the

young

student.

Wishing you

all

happiness,

wisdom

and

prosperity, I

remain,

Gentlemen,

Your devoted

Servant,

THE AUTHOR.


PREFACE. A to

work of

this

kind

some individuals hoped

may not be

so amusing

romance

as a pleasing

;

yet

prove to the Astronomical

stu-

dent and learner, gratifying and instructive.

At

it is

will

the request of a select

present

laborious

number of

calculations

students, the

were

made, in

order to give others and themselves an opportunity of

more

rent motions

perfectly understanding

the appa-

of the superior Planetary bodies

herein mentioned, together with an illustration of the various

phenomena the above

to us, the observers

on

planets present

this Earth,

revolution of the planets

and the

caused by the earth,

around

the Sun, as the centre and great point of attraction to the Solar System.

I have given a correct

Table of the longitude and latitude of 144 fixed stars, calculated

up

to

1836, which I hope will

be acceptable to the student

a 2

;

as

by observation


6

PREFACE.

when

very clear the student will he nearly able

it is

to trace the

Ecliptic

night,

by allowing

in this

work

will

line

at

any hour of the

for latitudes.

shew

The diagram

the proportional distance

of each planet's orbit, from the Earth and Sun,

and

also, that, the

of the Earth in

its

Heliocentric aspects

various

revolution round the Sun,

causes the Planets at one period to appear mov-

ing direct, then swifter in motion, then slower, until stationary

the next appearance

;

is

retrogra-

dation or an apparent motion backwards in the

degrees and signs, moving

appearing stationary,

soon

i.

e.

to

still faster

retrograde,

afterwards

back, then until again

the Planets appear

from West by South to East.

Planets' places

come,

swift

according to their real motions in

direct,

signs,

less

for

are

calculated for

44

the

The

years

to

once a month, which will give the

student or learner a

much

better idea

by peru-

sing the following pages of the motions of these planets,

than by telling

round the Sun

in

84

him

that

Jupiter less than 12 years, and days,

^

revolves

years, Saturn in

29J years, Mars in 687

odd hours and minutes, &c. but by these


PREFACE.

how much

tables he can notice

through the signs

in his orbit

The cubes

y. the

Š

in their orbit,

to the squares

was

of

the distances

of the

passes

Planets'

%

h

distances

or

from

being in exact proportion

of their periodic revolution.

originally

;

Earth and Sun

his orbit being so very near the

when compared with

$

swifter

than the others

intended in this work

to

It

have

given the geocentric places of the superior planets in degrees only, rejecting

nutes

if less

than 30

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

ruled by the general opinion, in this

work

apparent

places

to agree with ing,

differ a at

them

the

overplus mi-

but that has been overthat

if

the places

few minutes from the true one period, and be found

at another,

and give a stimulus

it

will

prove amus-

for observation.


INTRODUCTION TO ASTRONOMY.

This Introduction

is

merely intended to con-

vey a sufficient idea to those

who

are not already

acquainted with the solar system, the propor-

from the

tional distances of the Planets* orbits

Sun, and the Earth, together with the apparent motions of the superior planets, as viewed from this

Earth, called

which is

their geocentric

The path

motions.

their

orbits

the

called

places

or

of the Planets or circles describe

Zodiac.

in

Suppose

the it

heavens,

a belt 20°

wide with the Ecliptic, orbit, or path of the

Earth

centre thereof

in the

;

in as

much

as

a

planet's orbit differs from the exact plane of the

Ecliptic, or orbit of the Earth, so planet's

latitude in

degrees

much

is

and minutes

;

the the

points where these imaginary circles intersect the

Ecliptic,

ing node

are is

called the

that point

nodes.

The

ascend-

which the planet enters


INTRODUCTION

i

for north latitude, the opposite

the descending

is

node

for south latitude.

The Zodiac

into

12 Constellations,

called signs,

30 degrees, each degree

divided into

Of

and seconds.

course our

is

divided

each sign

into minutes

readers

are ac-

quainted with the

Astronomical symbols.

W the Ram, « the

SI the Lion,

Bull,

ity.

the Virgin,

$

the Archer,

the Goat,

Jtf

n the Twins,

=^ the Balance, £Z the Waterbearer,

25 the Crab,

Til

the Scorpion,

X the

Fish.

Symbols of the Planets.

©

Sun,

5 Mercury, S Venus,

©

Earth,

D Moon,

$ Mars,

¥

%

Jupiter,

? Ceres,

T?

Saturn,

Juno,

$ Pallas,

¥ Herschel,

&

ascending node,

&

x3

descending node.

Vesta,

According to the opinion of the ancients, the constellations were

formed in the heavens by the

fixed stars of various magnitudes list

of

some of the principal

stellations

table to

in

;

I have given a

stars of these con-

another part of this work, with a

calculate their

past and future years.

motions and places for

These

stars

appear to


TO ASTRONOMY.

1

have a motion of 50g seconds forward

later

every year by 50J seconds to the

conjunction of the same the

procession

stars

of

be double, others

to

their

small to say

and

learner

and

to

change to

it

is

the their

our limits are too

;

much more about

stars,

fixed

are observed

and 2nd

1st

called

is

The

and some again become

usual or former magnitude

tions

some

triple stars,

magnitudes from the

3rd, 4th, or 5th,

which

star,

Equinox.

the

of various colours,

are

in the

by the Sun or Earth

signs every year, caused

being

1

these constella-

but right to inform the

and student that these

stars

are at

such

an immeasurable distance from the most remote planet of the Solar system, that the whole dia-

meter of this Earth's orbit, a speck,

is like

from

us.

'

1

90

when compared

Students

will

millions of miles,' to their distances

perceive

when they

inspect the diagram, that the revolution of the

Earth in

its orbit

round the Sun, causes the Sun

to appear in the opposite sign, tric

place of the Earth; a

plate will describe

Planet

is

it.

The

the degree and

little

to the

Heliocen-

attention to the

Heliocentric place of a

sign

of the Zodiac in


12

TO ASTRONOMY.

which a planet appears when viewed from the Sun.

In October the Earth

Sun

at that

sign

=ÂŁ=.

The

that degree

planet

There

but the

in <Y\

Geocentric place of a planet

and sign of the Zodiac,

in

when viewed from

appears is

is

time appears to us in the opposite is

which a Earth.

this

often a great difference between

the

Geocentric and Heliocentric place, which entirely

depends upon the distances of the planets from the Sun, and the aspects of this Earth in revolution which will

its

It

be extremely useful to the young student

to learn plain

metry,

it

studies

A

shall hereafter describe.

I

will

on

a

mathematics and the use of Geo-

him

direct

in

much more

and

this,

all

his

foundation.

certain

student thus qualified will use his reasoning

powers, consequently

when

on these principles,

it

a science

is

learned

can never be forgotten,

whilst the said individual retains his intellectual faculties.

1

have endeavoured to avoid the use

of technical terms as

advantage of those in.

I

much

who

as possible, for the

are not conversant there-

have said before that the Earth, and

planets revolve round the

Sun; each

all

in the

the

same


TO ASTRONOMY.

from West by South to East, at

direction, viz.

various

and

distances,

to the said distances net's

orbit

13

is

the

to

;

proportional periods

in

hence, the nearer a pla-

Sun, the sooner will he

perform his revolution from a

star,

the same

to

star or sign again.

The more remote from

the

Sun, the longer

that planet performing

his

is

Those planets whose

revolution.

orbits

lie

within the circle of the Earth's orbit are called

Mercury, but greater,

such as Venus or

or inferior planets,

interior,

all

those planets whose

and farther

distant from the

orbit

is

Sun, than

the Earth's, are called superior planets, of which

we

shall

Heavenly bodies,

speak presently.

such as the Moon, which revolves Earth, are called attend the planet

round

Herschel,

7

to

attend

planet Saturn, with his wonderful ring

;

are observed to attend the planet Jupiter,

same manner as the Earth, the It

and

Sun on

Moon

the

6 are observed to

satellites;

the

and 4 in the

revolves round this

reflecting their light received

from

the dark places of those planets.

has been observed that

a contrary direction to

all

y the

B

's

moons move

planets

in

and other


INTRODUCTION

14 satellites,

and nearly

of his orbit, which

at right

is

angles to the plane

We

rather singular.

say nothing about comets in this work, as

tend merely to shew the reason rior planets

why

shall

we

in-

the supe-

appear re trograde, stationary, and

direct.

In the

orbit is

distant

less will

be the difference in degrees and minutes

first

place, the further a planet's

from the Sun and Earth, the

between his Geocentric place as viewed from the Earth, and his Heliocentric place as viewed from the Sun.

Secondly, the nearer any planet's orbit

approximates to the Sun and Earth, the greater will

be the angle of difference between that pla-

net's Geocentric

and Heliocentric place

;

either

forward or backward in the degrees and signs according to the Heliocentric

Earth

by the

at the time,

orbit of

when Mars '

that

is

Mars.

is at

his

at that part

degrees from his

of the

illustrated

The diagram shews mean

that

distance from the Sun,

of his orbit, which

is

90

Aphelion or Perihelion/ and

the Earth at the same time tric

position

which is particularly

is

making an heliocen-

aspect of 45° to or from the conjunction of

Mars, that planet appears 42° degrees distant


15

TO ASTRONOMY. from his Heliocentric or true place, the

Sun and

signs

in

which sum of 42°

;

regard of

about

is

Mars' greatest mean difference in that angle be-

For instance, if the Earth hap20° of Aries, and Mars in 5°

fore mentioned.

pens to be in

Mars

of Gemini, then

the Earth in about

1

appear as viewed from

will

6° of Cancer, but

if

the Earth

happened to be in 20° of Cancer, then would

Mars appear

when its

in

a planet

is

about

2^

nearest distance to the Sun,

we have

cording to the rules

Again,

of Aries.

Perihelion, which

in its

is

at

and aspected aclaid

down, that

planet will shew his greatest angle of difference

between his Heliocentric and Geocentric place, that can possibly occur, in the apparent motions

of the said planet

he

will

;

but

if in

appear to shew the

his Aphelion, then

least difference that

occur in his longitude as above stated

Herschel

differs in his

;

can

hence

Perihelion 3° 12', and in

C

his Aphelion nearly 2 51',

making a

difference

in the eccentricity of his orbit of about 21'. in his Perihelion differs

I?

,

about 6° 26', and in his

Aphelion about 5° 44', making a difference of about 42 '.

%

}

in his Perihelion differs about


INTRODUCTION

1

1

1°52

/ ,

and

Aphelion about 10°

in his

27',

a difference in his eccentricity of about

$, when in his Perihelion in his

by

Mars, and the

1° 25'.

about 52°, but

differs

Aphelion about 34°, making a

partly caused

making

difference

the eccentricity of the orbit

eccentricity of the

of

Earth's orbit,

producing the apparent differences above stated,

between the planet's Heliocentric and Geocentric places

or motions.

Let us observe here that

any part of the above planet's to

the

orbits

same proportional apparent

produced according

to

subject

differences,

the part or degree

sign in which the planet his orbit,

are

is

and

placed at the time, on

and the Heliocentric aspect which such

planet receives from the position of the Earth.

For example, we

shall take

the nodes of

the

planets and state their Heliocentric places calculated

up

8,22° The orbit

to

1836: HerschePs

2,15';

figure (3)

which

Ecliptic at

% &**

&>

n

©45'; $

13°; Saturn's 9>

18° « 17'.

shews the point of the planet's

intersects the orbit of the

A

for north

latitude

;

B

Earth or

shows the

greatest north latitude, and c the point a enters, (£$) called the descending node, in

planet

order


TO ASTRONOMY. to proceed

D, If

in

17

south latitude; and when at

his

the planet shows his greatest

south latitude.

you add three signs, or 90 degrees

of the ascending node above

to the place

you

stated,

will

have the place of that planet's greatest north latitude

;

if

you add the same number of degrees

to the descending, or take the

opposite point of

the greatest north latitude, you

have

will then

the degree and minute of that planet's greatest

south latitude.

The

learner

must be aware from

what we have already stated that those places mentioned,

viz.

the ascending node, the greatest

north and south latitude,

node of any planet are

and the descending

subject to the apparent

all

mutations which we have described to belong to

each of the planet's schel

happens

to

orbits.

greatest point of latitude,

aspect about 88° at a that planet

For instance,

be on his node

;

if

and that the Earth

mean

would appear

to the to

Her-

or in

his is

in

6 of Herschel,

shew these places

mentioned, to be situated about 3° from their true heliocentric places, before or or forwards, from

above.

The

after,

backwards

the degrees and signs stated

planet Saturn may,

b 2

when

aspected


INTRODUCTION

1

by

the Earth at

85 degrees

distance, at a

mean

from the conjunction of the planet in those places

&, &c. appear 6 degrees from

the

places,

backwards or forwards,

grees or minutes

the heliocentric

in the signs,

distanced as above.

de-

Jupiter

likewise receiving the heliocentric aspect of 80° at a

mean from

the Earth,

likely to exceed

is

1

backwards or forwards, from the above places, just as the aspect

Mars

nister.

of;

when

is

may

be, either dexter or

the Earth happens to aspect this pla-

any of those points described as

net, (at

si-

the next planet to be spoken

&

ÂŁ9

the point of greatest north or south latitude,

any other heliocentric places,) or

at the

,

or

or

distance

from the conjunction of Mars of 45 degrees, at a

mean

either applying to

past the conjunc-

or

tion at the proper aspected distance, liable not to differ less than

34 degrees

Mars or

is

more

than 52°, between his apparent, or geocentric place,

and the heliocentric places above described.

When

the Earth applies with an heliocentric

aspect to or from the conjunction of the follow-

ing planets, angle of tric

mean

these

planets

difference

shew

their greatest

between their heliocen-

and geocentric longitude.


:

:

TO ASTRONOMY.

Heliocentric aspect of the

Earth

19

to the

following

Planets, with an aspect of these degrees at a

mean.

Mars

.

Jupiter

.

.

47

.

.

80

1

1

Saturn.

.

.

85

Herschell

.

.

88

These Planets appear retrograde for the following periods

.... Jupiter .... Saturn ....

4

...

5

Mars

Herschel

3 months, and less than 2%.

4^

— — —

4 months nearly. 4i

5

— —

Periods of turning retrograde

Mars

.

Jupiter

.

.

25J months at a mean.

.

...

Saturn Herschell

.

.

.

.

.

13

ditto.

121

ditto.

12|

ditto.

1836. Longitude of their greatest Heliocentric latitudes.

Mars

.

Jupiter

Saturn Herschel

North 18^17

— — —

8=0:45

22:2=15

13n£0

South

— — —

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

18~17

8^45 22t15

.13X0


20

INTRODUCTION

It

proper to inform the student that although

is

the diagram, Fig. at

their

circles,

1

,

shews the orbit of the planets

distances as parts of circles,

and

supposing the sun as the centre of each in

circle,

solar

mean

order to

make

the

first

idea of the

system more plain to the understanding

yet really the orbits of the planets belonging to

the solar system are elliptical. in

Having

the sun

one centre, nearer to one side of the conjugate

diameter, which furthest from

diameter

is

is

called

the other

the

and

Perihelion,

of the conjugate

side

called the Aphelion.

Those distances

on the transverse sides shew the mean distances from the sun in that 2,

will explain

Aphelions of the

will

zodiac

it

orbit, the small figure

more

clearly,

and the

No.

table of

inform the student in what part these

places

The

form of a

circle as dotted

orbit of

and positions are

Venus

situated.

on

is

fig.

very near the 1.

It is also

proper to add, according to the tables of the celebrated Vince, the orbits of the planets are calcudiffer

much

(at least to the eye of a superficial observer)

from

lated as an exact ellipsis,

which does not


;

TO ASTRONOMY.

*

like

orbit of

the

§

;

21

when

the form of a circle, except

very eccentric

the greatest

variation is

^ centre % differs 5° 30'

produced from the difference of centres differs 5° c?

differs

which

20'

b

;

differs

;

;

10° 49', from the centre of the Sun

accounts

described

6° 26'

;

those

for

differences

the centre of the Earth's orbit differs

nearly 2 degrees from the centre of the Sun.

Sun appears

when

The

larger at one period, viz. winter, than

at the opposite point in

Figure

:

above

1.

— Shews

the

summer.

mean

proportional

distances of the planets' orbits from the Earth

and Sun.

In this figure the orbits are drawn as

circles,

and

centre

we wish

;

parts of circles, the

knowledge of the apparent motions order to

make

shewn the

Sun being the

the student to understand that a is

essential

:

in

the diagram more explicit, we have

difference

which the semi -diameter of

the Earth's orbit produces on the apparent places

of the planets, as viewed from the

Sun

the darts

:

on the figure shew the direct motions of the planets in their orbits.

the line

The

student will perceive

drawn through the centre of the Earth,

and continued

to

each of the planets

;

now,

if


22

INTRODUCTION

you suppose the Earth

you

in its orbit,

will,

which

this index or line

to

move rouna

the

Suu

by observing the point of it

describes in the zodiac,

take notice as the Earth approaches the planet in that half of

its

orbit,

which

in the

is

same

signs with the planet, that the nearer the Earth

approaches the conjunction, the more swift does

seem

the planet

moves

again become

retrograde,

to

more slow, then stationary

but

;

the Earth

as

the opposite semi-circle of

in

move

the planet appears to

direct.

its

orbit,

The

lines

drawn through the bodies of the planets from the Earth in

shews the

orbit,

its

semi-diameter of the Earth's orbit of each

planet

remote the planet

is

;

and

effect,

also

the dotted line z, where

decrees

centric

first,

shews the more

ence

of

42

over

1 1

degrees

6 degrees

;

it

orbit of

degrees ;

;

If you observe

intersects those Helio-

marked on the

on the

on the

from the Earth and Sun, the

less is this difference perceptible.

planet,

which the

orbit has

Mars

on the

orbit

a

orbit

of each

mean

differ-

of Jupiter

on the orbit of Saturn over

and on the

orbit

of Herschel a

little

more than 3 degrees; by which means you can


;

TO ASTRONOMY. see those proportions entirely

23

depend upon the

dis-

tance and angle of the semi- diameter of the Earth's

and as the Earth revolves

orbit,

in

its

orbit,

these angles above described decrease and increase

according to the aspect of the Earth at the time for instance,

when

the Earth

is

opposition of any planet, there

in conjunction, or

is

no

difference be-

tween the heliocentric place and geocentric place, because they are in the same right line with the

Sun

consequently there can be no angle of differ-

;

ence during the period of exact conjunction, but the Earth continues to roll on in

its

and

orbit,

soon makes another angle as described before. In order to demonstrate the planets' apparent

motion more particularly, we shall suppose the planet

Mars

is

fixed

on that part of his

o, suppose the Earth to be

in

orbit at

that part of

its

the index line drawn through

orbit at A, with

both centres, and to continue on each centre as the Earth revolves will

observe

that

all

round

in its orbit.

Mars would

You

appear to the

earthly observer as stationary in the view from a, but from a to to

move

B the planet Mars would appear

direct in his orbit,

from B to

c,

he would


24

INTRODUCTION

appear

to increase his velocity

still

moves on

to c,

and when

at c,

;

Mars

as the Earth will

appear in

conjunction with the Sun, there being no difference at

that point between his heliocentric and geo-

centric longitude

on c

;

but from c to

D Mars

motion as he approaches

will

appear

D,

from D to E he appears slower in motion,

less swift in

until at e,

where he appears stationary

Earth passes from e to

F,

Mars appears

;

as the

to retro-

grade, in the signs increasing his velocity until at

F,

with

where the the

difference tric

;

and $ are on one

right line

during this period there

is

no

between the heliocentric and geocen-

longitude in degrees and minutes, being each

Mars

the same, but as the Earth revolves on to a,

decreases his retrograde velocity, until the Earth arrives at a,

where Mars appears stationary

short period until the Earth approaches B,

for a

when

he again appears direct; which, we hope, perfectly explain Fig.

1

,

motion caused by the aspects of the Earth. in reality

Mars and

in their orbits

will

as relates to the apparent

the Earth

But

would both move

and the aspect of A and E would


25

TO ASTRONOMY. happen

about

in

every

25^ months appearing

retrograde between two and three months.

Fig. 2.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Shews

of Mars, and

of this Earth

its ;

the eccentricity of the orbit

position in respect of the orbit

Sun

the figure shews the

in one

focus of the orbit of the Earth and of the orbit of

Mars, each orbit being eccentric and differing from the form of an exact

circle,

and inclining

to

the form of an ellipsis ; the line cc drawn through the centre of the

Sun shews

the difference between

the position of the centre of the Sun, and centre of the orbit of Mars.

bb the mean

the

A the Aphelion,

distances from the Sun, and p shews

the perihelion of Mars, and also demonstrates the

why

reason

the difference between the heliocentric

and geocentric angle, should vary nearly 20 degrees,

and

already

all

the other

described.

It

phenomena produced must seem

careless observer of this figure, that

as

the most

to

Mars does

appear considerably larger to us when in that part of his orbit called the perihelion,

Earth in that part of planet

Mars

;

its

orbit in

and the

6 w ith the T

then the said planet would at the

opposite part of his orbit called the aphelion, ap-


26

INTRODUCTION

pears three times as large, or in proportion to the distance between each, the aphelion or perihelion.

The

aphelion of

Mars

in 3°

is

3 ' Virgo.

— — Saturn — 29° Herschel —

ditto

Earth

9° 20' Capricorn,

ditto

Jupiter

1

ditto ditto

Fig. 3,

1° 42'

17<>

—Explains

the

Libra

43' Sagittarius, 52' Pisces.

and de-

ascending

scending nodes, north and south latitude. a planet is in that part of his orbit at A,

the ecliptic line in his node

moves on from B

When

he

is

on

but as the planet

;

to B increases his north latitude, but

to c decreases north latitude,

again on increasing

the his

ecliptic

in

and on c

his descending

south latitude

greatest south latitude; from

until

D

to

at

is

node, D,

his

A the planet

decreases in south latitude, until he arrives again

upon the ascending node Fig. 4.

— Shews the

of the seven planets.

at A.

proportional magnitudes I

have to remark that the

proportional diameter of the

Sun would be

ten

times greater than the largest of those planets

much might be

said

;

on the wonderful magnitude


27

TO ASTRONOMY. of the planet Jupiter,

If those

persons

science of to

when compared

who impiously condemn

Astrology, were but

for

world,

when compared

the

one moment

consider the insignificant weight of

great

to the

proportion of the diameter of this Earth.

trifling

all

this

some of the

to

heavenly bodies belonging to the solar system for ;

instance, the planets Saturn

must be apparent to

make

to

any one who

pose that this Earth the

feels

the comparison,) are bodies

influence each other;

to

and Jupiter, (which

distances

it is

is

disposed

known

to

also reasonable to sup-

acted

upon

in

proportion

and magnitudes of all the

heavenly bodies. Smaller bodies near us exert as

much

influence

as larger bodies four times their size at double

the distance.


GEOCENTRIC PLACES

HERSCHEL.

Those persons who have not paid particular attention, or wholly disregarded the influence of

the powerfvl planet Herschel, will, by the assist-

ance of the following' tables, be enabled to discover his real signification in Nativities, Directions, State, Physical,

N.B. The retrograde.

letter

and Horary Astrology.

D signifies

direct

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the

letter

R

signifies


.. ....

w

GEOCENTRIC PLACES HERSCHEL, Calculated from 1700

NEW

Jan. Feb.

1702.

1704.

25

25

25

.

18r18

2?

r52

.

7

26 25 25

34 34

March

6

April...

6n52

May

.

7

42

16d30

June

.

9

9

July...

10

48

19

42 20

August

12 14 15 15 14 r

40 12

21 22

12 52

10 20 45

24 24 26 24 r 6

Sept...

Oct.

Dec.

Jan.

. .

.

.

Feb...

March

.

Dec

.

.

..

38

1

3 44

3

2r34

5 6

20 50

8

40 36

10 12 13 13

1

6

1707.

15

52

17 19 21 22 22

41 36

14 23 36

1709.

10

44

1

11

24 22

20 52 20 30 20 d 5? 2 22 23 40 25 34 27 15 28 26 5 29 28 r50

8

11

1

9 9

1 D

9d56

8

34 30 14 38 30

8

r29

4 6

50

14d32

18 48

21

7

52

51

11

c 2

4d30

14 14 13

21 19 18 18

40

18 19 19 19

5 4

11

2

2

a

r22

4

24 4 56 32 34 52 r 25

14 6 26

6

22r11

23

13 15 16

1708. 17 R 18 16 5

«,

30

2

7r32

12r24

13 12

.

Nov.

5

^

ft

June

Oct....

26

1705.

12 d

.

c

^6 28

So

11

Sept..

25d30

1703.

.

August

17

8

@ April...

July...

6

56

1701.

May

.

56

1706. 51

8r50 30 49

Year 1800,

STILE.

1700.

16 16 15

Nov.

to the

11 13 15 16 17 17

9

20 11

6

40 43 56

19d 20 22 24 25 27 27

1

49 49 33 7

22 7 3 45 1

29


.. ......

GEOCENTRIC PLACES

30

1710. Jan.

.

Feb...

March

.

April...

May

.

June

.

July

.

.

August Sept..

SI 27 r 6 26 24 47 23 43 23 19 23 d 45 24 53 26 35 28 30

1713.

1716.

n 11 r47

n 26 r 23

11 9

25 25 23

8

7

7 D 51 8 40

15

16

16 40 16 r

1

March

29^-48

April...

28 28

May.. June .

14

52

13

34

1

8

3

50

14

5

15

19

5

1715. 32

3 d 7

July...

4

17

d58

August

5 7

19 21 22

16 3 57

24

43 55

6 6

.

2

June

.

Oct.

.

Nov.

.

Dec.

.

28 26 25 25

25d28

May

Sept..

45 31

26 35 28 11 1 O 6

4 3

.

17

42 29 26

April... .

46

29 r

15 r

28^41

1723. 28 29

13 15 17

21 21 r 19 18 17 17

March

48 37

12d17

1712. .

1720. 15 15

5 56

21

.

Or

12 55

3

1

Feb.

1

25

7

.

28

28

4

Jan...

27

33 26

Dec...

.

28

27d21

48 16

.

14

42

6

Oct.

Nov.

48 44

14

26

.

.

23 25

6

1*6

16 18 20

Sept.

53

6d48

50 20 49 20 29 20 d 56 28 8

21

13 12 11 11

7

29

July...

12

6

12 43 12 37 13 d 18

38

28d24

August

57

1717.

2

Feb....

10

1714.

.

2r

27 17

36

Dec.

1711.

38

30

40

6

7 9

27 29

1

23

50 34

54 32

.

46 33 46

8

7

2

Nov.

.n-

10d45 24 d 13 10r45 24 35 10 2 24r11

38

23 25

13 15

1722.

-£V

22 36 22 13 22 d 38

10

0^17

.

57

10 12

Oct....

Jan. .

49 33 49

17J9.

it

54 1

47

34 56

9

4 38 33 23

10 11

56 46

25

54 35 40 24

27 27

0—

34 3

1718.

40 34

1721. 37 50

5r50

19 19

5

19r20

6 2

44 2 34 1 55 2d 4

18 16 16 15

3 4

16d22

3

6 8 9

1

36 27 22 52

^

1

53

1724. 3 3

17

54

3r45

10

2

54

1

46

45 39 10

29

0d

17 19 21

41 25 20

1

23

1

6

2

4

49 35 26 52 4 5 37 31 19


.. ....

OF HERSCHEL. 1725. Jan.

.

Feb.

.

m 7d47 .

1731.

m.

t

3d 49

21 d

8r28

22 22

4 22

8

March

1728.

32

31 1734.

1737.

t

16d22

5

12

17

5

49

18

5r42

19

56 50 4

t 28 d 36

0^19 27

1

April...

7

39

21

r52

May... June .

6 5

27

48 32

4 3

52 38

18r31

15

20 19

17

25

53

July

4

34

18

36

3

31

18

1

52

14 19 5

29^41

J8

16 15 15

.

August

4d39

Sept...

5 7 8

31

10

Oct... Nov... Dec.

.

18d49

2d

20

1

2

51

21

45

40

23

36

1726. Jan...

Feb.

.

.

March

.

12 13 13

13 6 9

17

10

2

July...

9 9

16 12

25 24 23 22 23 d 24 26 27

August Sept...

Oct.

.

9d57 31

19 9

Dec.

.

13 15

Jan.

.

16

37

17 17 17 16

36 47

Nov.

.

1727. Feb.

.

March April...

May

-

11

18

35

0^46 1738.

1

28 12

10R11

5 6

6r

7

10

19d51

8

37 23

21 22

1

3

39

4

49

9 8

6

27 14 5 21

6d23 10

1730.

1733.

29

12

36

0^52 23

1

5

R 8 13

49 57 45

29^1 o 27 54 27 21

Sept....

14d22

Oct.

15

39

27 d37 28 56

Nov...

17

Dec,

19

26 17

0^12 2

2

4

19

14 13 13

.

6

7

June . July.. August .

29

32 16 15 50 13

1

nil

54

1735.

11

1

3

16

20 27 22 4 23 3 23 25 23 r 21 57 20 45 19 46 19 25

May... June â&#x20AC;¢

35

4

8 9 10

26r31

28 28

28D16

1732.

12r27

r47

i5d38

1729.

April...

1

1

52 24

25 26 26

19 30 53

2

1736.

15

36 21 32 14 6

5

18

4 3

8

2

21

2d

27 19 45

1739.

14

24

30

6

34

13 44 14 33 14 39 14 R

26 27

12

8 9

20 38 25 25

12

51

11

10 10

40 50 44

11

d24

12 14

46 30

27

18 44

27

r24

26 25 25 13 24 11 23 45 24 d 5 25 26

10 45

10 10

9r'40 33

8

7 6 6

22 38 37

7d22 8

44


...........

GEOCENTRIC PLACES

32

1740. VS

1743. VS

1746. zz

1749.

1752.

zz

3n5l

15d26

£Z 26 r 50 28 24

Jan.

.

10d30 22d18

Feb.

.

12

19

24

7

5

31

17

8

March

13

42

7

44

0*

14 14

34

14 24 40

18

April...

25 34 26 43 27 8 26 r 48 25 52 24 38 ^3 37 23 12

20

16 13 30

1

6 5

14

18

31

17

23r>31 24 34

5

28

17

May... June .

14r 12 11 10 10

July...

August Sept...

Oct.

.

.

38

54 42 53 47

Nov. . Dec...

11d27

Jan. Feb.

14 16 17

30 19 42

18 18

38 50

12

45

1741. . .

.

March April...

May

.

June

18r18

.

1744. 26 28 29

1

9r38 8

7

26 30

6d

2

1747.

10

7

44

34

9 11

8 2

12 13

31

0^44 14

1

8 9

17

13r16

R

17

15

6

12

46

A ugust 16

2

28^52

11

31

15 14

9

27 27

49

10

50

19

10

56 36 26

July...

Sept....

Oct....

Nov. Dec.

.

.

15d28 27d32

.

.

16

.

18

42

1742. Jan...

Feb.

20

.

March April...

May

21 22

24 13 38 42

1 23 June 22 r34 July 21 35 August 20 20 23 Sept... 19 4 Oct. . 19

Nov. Dec.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

28

31

1745.

0^ 1

3 4

4 52 24 40

5 16 5 r 8 4 21 9 3 2

2

1

26

19d30

1

d33

20

2

38

25

9

10 d 8

1748. 11

33

13 14 16 17 17

16

54 24 16 25

16r52 15 14 13 13

14 d

46 34 44 33 8

21 21 21 r 2

3

20

2

46 53

2

4 43 53 27

3R16 1

24 13 9

35 18d 4

29^34 29d44

1750.

1753.

13 52 28

19 20 22

24 25 25 25 r 24 23 22

4 6

28 6 9

3

10 46

5 6 7

44 23

2

28

7 n 19 6 5 4

33 22 14 34

d55

3 3 d38

1751.

1754.

21 21

23 24 26 27 29 29

33

0*40

2

4

40 16 54

5 7 9

10

30

11

29r14

11

28 27 26 25

20 6 6

35

25d50

26 54 28 8

26 13 14

10r34 9 8 8 7

28 16 26

30


.. .. ... .

33

OF HERSCHEL.

Jan. Feb.

.

.

.

April

.

.

June

.

July

.

qp

8d16 13 14

36 9

25d18

7

18

26

25 40 26 33 28 7 29 v 52 o

8 9

20 3

19 20 21

54 50

2

6

3

2

22

24

d24

3 5

Nov..

11

32 44

26 44 2? 5 26 r 52 25 58 24 43 23 42

Dec...

11

28

23

1766.

1759.

1762.

Jan.

.

.

23 d 38 24 50

5d19

Feb.

12 d 5 13 24 15

26

8

42

27

5

29

56 30

15

15

Aug...

14r40

Sept.

13 12

.. .

.

.

May

.

June

.

July . Aug..,. Sept....

Oct.

Nov.. Dec. .

.

Feb.

.

March April

..

May

.

June

.

19 19 18 1?

16 15 15

.

Jan.

16 18

July . Aug....

r44

0^36 1

Or

43 30 36 28

5 58 5

28^50 27 27

48 13

1757.

1760.

27d30 28 29

32 58

20

28

1^44

21 22 23

54 53

3 4

16 28

10

5

3

22r46 21

Oct.

20

.

2

12

18

16 d 17 12 18 40

Sept....

Nov... Dec...

34

19

19

50 34 38 20

4r 4

56 8

V

13d13 13

1

20

58 24 10 43

1767.

20 36 30 3

19d48

4 10

.

April...

|

1764.

cyi

25

March

1

1761.

X

14

Oct.

I

1758.

X

9 11

March

May

1755.

9r 8

7

2

16

44

20 10

20r46 18 17

36 20

14

16

24

6

5

15

52 4

6

9

7 9

26 12

10

50

12 13 13

13

l

3r 2 1

30 37 16 6

20 4

29^56

1765.

1768.

14

29 23 29 D 36

17

17d49 56 32

0^30 2

2

14

3

44

5 6

22 36 19

12r20

23 46 24 46 25 9 24 E 48

11 10

23 22

9

1

29 4 16

1763. 9

13

10 D 11 13

12 14 16 16 17

54 34 3 54 4

16r30

2

56

1

49

15 14

29 13

1

16

13

22

18

20 22

21

52 34 36

1766. 21

14

21d44

7

7r14 6

5 4

32 16 6

1769. 3

26

3d 34

22

38

4

24

24 26 27

18 2 38

5

54 36

28 40 29 10 28 r 56 28 3 26 48 25 44

7 9

10 11 11

16 36 26 28

10r48 9 8

34 18


..........

GEOCENTRIC PLACES

34

Jan.

.

Feb.

.

.

1770.

1773.

1776,

1779.

8

8 20r16

n

n

3r18

16 R 40

Or 26

49 40

29 20 28 53 29 d 8

7r34 7d36

42

S5

20

2

20d26

2d 48

15 15

34

3

16d15

10

June July..

11 13 14

20 44 24 12 33

Aug....

15

26

40

5 7 8 10

Sept....

15 34 15 r 13 54 12 37

March April...

May

. .

Oct.

.

Nov.. Dec. .

Jan.

.

8 9

1771. 44

11

.

Feb,..

11

42

March

12d20

April...

13 15 17

40 20

July .. Aug.. .

18

Sept....

19

34 34 46

Oct.

19R28

May

.

June

.

.

19

Nov..

18

Dec.

.

17

Jan.

.

Feb.

.

.

8

21 23 25 26 27 28 27 27 25

1

33 9

r54 40

1774. 24 24

35 13

24d30 34 10 56

25 27 28

n 30

18 1

1772.

1775.

16 15

28 28

56 29

28d40

5

3

33

4

34

23 24

36

5

54

Sept....

Oct.

23r34

.

.

Aug... .

Nov. Dec... .

22 21

34 18

7d 7 9 11

52 16 2

16

April...

.

42

15

40 15

.

1777. 7 7

29

40

1

5

1

54 26 33

3 5

34

1780.

5

16

3

2

3

21 23

4

4

7

9

52 22 6

10

10

11 R

1781. 25 24 24

11

11 12 d 3 13 20 15 2 16 48 18 19 19

48 33

18

19r

20 24 36 5 2

42 50 26

24d50 25 27 29

5

44

1778.

52 30 16

0^54 10 50

2 2 2

r36

1

44

10 56 22

3d 30

40 19

12

6

30 16

1783.

20 20

20d33

40 26

7 7 r 9 6 26

16

27

8 22 18

6

21

13

30

4

8

23r34

14r39

8

n

26

25 26 27 28 28 r

40 6 6 r 34 5 4

17 19 20 22 23 24 22

9

2r10

2

17 19 21 22

July

54

44 14

16d23

June

4 54

12 14 15

March

May

40

43 22

1

29^

52

]

IOrIO

20

2

10 10

42 12

1782.

11 11

22 52

38 36 53 44 48 8

1784. 9 54 8 34 7

53

7d56 8

10 11

46 13 53

13 44 15 16 16 14 16 24 15 n49


... .. ....

35

OF HERSCHEL. 1785.

1788.

1791.

1794.

25 28 r 56 27 38 26 38 26 12

ft

13r28

a 28 rIO

April...

25 14 r 34 13 15 12 29 12 26

May

.

13d 6

26dSo

12 11 10 10

27 25 24 24

June

.

July

.

Jan,

.

Feb.

.

.

March .

14 16

August Sept...

28 8

12

25

25

57

9

44

2

14 16

15 10

27 29

39 35

11

13

14 6

17 18 19

44

1%1

47

2

43 19

14 16 17

58 36 34

1795. 3r 4

17

36

2

42

38 56

4

4

3 48

Dec.

.

20r29

3r38

1786.

1789. 3 44

.

March April...

May

..

June

.

August Sept....

Oct.

.

Nov. .

Jan. Feb.

.

.

.

April...

May

.

June. July

.

August Sept.

.

Oct.

.

Nov.. Dec.

.

18 20 22 23 25 25

.

46 24 16

26 22 1 52 1 D 3 3 2 3 38 5 33 7 18 8 42

2

1

3

1792. 18 r 22 17 9 15 56 2 15 14 54

29 29

15d36

29d28

56 45 40

30 2

9

4

16 18

20

2

4 52 42 11

34

22 23

18 27

7

4 52 20

25r10

9r33

23

40

8

5

1787.

1790.

1793.

1796.

8

36

7r59

7

18

6 5

10 30

5 6

d34

23 r 15 5 22 20 53 19 53 19 37

20d11

4d11

9 11

24 54 43 40

13

9

25 29 R 54

24

.

.

March

10

17d34

July...

Dec.

1

56 4 30

9 48

22 21 56 21 34 22 d 1 23 6 24 44 26 38 28 19 29 30

0^

8d55

11 D

1^

22

3 53 37 53

10

18 19

19 18 17 17

24d49

ii

30

20 20

.

47 23

n51

12 12 10 9 8

29

.

Jan. Feb.

4 51

27

Nov.

Oct. ..

12 3 15 13

1797.

9

5

7 5

4 4

26

5

21 23 25 26

49

5 6 8 10

14

3

28

5

12

14

10

28

33

12

7

11

7

5 51 38 1

8

42 37 27

50

1798. 17 r

15 14 13 13

44 3 56 38 47 41

14d22 15 17 19 21

22

46 37 30 12 18

1799. 22 36 22 r 2 20 59 19 39 18 43 18 28 19 d 2 20 20 22 7 24 1 25

47

26

59


GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF

THE SUN, HERSCHEL, SATURN, JUPITER, MARS, AND THE

MOON'S ASCENDING NODES.

The following able

utility to

table will be found of consider-

the Student and

Astrology, and the information

it

Professor of affords will be

essential in guiding their

judgment in calculating

the power of directions

in Nativities

and other

Predictions for future years.

N.B. The retrograde.

letter

D

signifies direct

â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the

letter

R

signifies


... ..

GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE sun,

Jan.

.

.

W

®

1836.1

10 27*d54

10

11^43 29 28 March 10*58 1* 8 April... 11^47 2 47 *May 11 8 3 57 Feb.

..

.5

..

June

10

.

July

9

.

August

n 56 925

34

9^10

4

n

h

31

4r20

3 d42 5

9

5ji

1

3r28 29-16

29 29 d 20

3

Sept...

9^0

2

17

1^29

Oct.

.

.

8-18

8

13

4

Nov.

.

.

9 "l 7

39

8

Dec...

9^23

0d49

11

1837.

X

vs

58

20

37 23

48

c

5

52 23

7d21 17*56 13

16

9

11^11 20

33

15

7^56

14

3

46 12

28

17 25 27

16

41

11^42 10

49

3

9

14

51

7

26

2

5

39

6 23

42 18

2<>

n 48

17

42

6

55

18

22 17

12 26

0^5

m

22

4^35

51

32 12 11

26

14

34 23

58

60 59

0~~54 25

7

15 11

1

&

3

10r56

37

etc.

&

a

8

Jan. ..

10

56

1

45 14

45

16r50

Feb.

.

12^29

3

15 16

41

13

12

March

10*44

4

51 17

8

9

48

9

22

4

19

April...

11^32

6

32 16 r 6

8

6

8

36

2

50

9d14

16

51

.

10^51

7

48 14

June.

.

10

n 42

8

27 11

52 12

July

.

9

3 20

8

r23 10

34 18

8^56

7

37 10 D 42 24

Sept...

8^46

6

26 12

Oct.

8^4

5

19 15

7

25

Nov...

8*153

4

39 18

29 13

7

Dec.

9*

4

43

May

.

.

August

.

.

.

8

?f digits of the

22

4

18

2

19r

0^25

53

3 16

*

17

eclipsed in the

6 24

1^14 29

7

17 27

37

4-32

23

1

I

26

26

6

15 24

30

14^31 23

6^36

21

30

52

19

54

6 28

25th

°

Taurus.

.


GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

38

©

1838. Jan.

10

.

if

42

Feb...

12^16

March

10

5d30 25d24 18d44 6

58 27

K 38

8

33 28

April...

11^19

10

13 28

May

..

10** 36 11

31 26

June

.

I0

July

.

n 28 9^6

.

August Sept....

Oct.

.

Nov.

.

Dec.

.

.

.

1839. Jan.

.

Feb.

.

8^43 8^33 7~59 8^38 8^53

11

13

33 57

29

46 26

March April

.

May

.

June

.

40

8

47

11

23

9d49 19^43

10

19

12

18 22

41

43

11

r38 22

13

11

Un

3

8

3 18

23

7

7

5

16

5

26

10^41

3

51

32 23 D 15 24

10

39 22

9

20 25

30

i—

9

30 28

45

7

8

35

2^17

13

9d20

6

36 28 5

5

35 17

8

32 18

41

X l5

12

13 10

11^4

14

10 18

7 25

28 28

59

27

20

3 17r34

25^2

25

51

7

14

8r48

10

13

55 24

13

40 11

33 22

37

19d12 20

59

6

16

8

6

34

8

16

15

4

38

9d46

August

3

40 13

.

8^29 15r44 8^18 14 38 7-36 13 36

Nov.

.

8*^23 12

48

9

3

Dec.

.

8-^39 12

32 12

30

4d11 6

X

0-18

n 15

Oct.

31

41

8^53

Sept...

13

2

w.

July..

10

22

13%0

v\.

t

10

10** 23 15 .

40

24

1

10

16

17

X 28

15

3^53

R22 10

0H4

12""

19

17r24 17^30 49 14 12 9^38

48

12

W 10

y? 23 d 7 18

18

3 24

51

7

19

19

19

23

38 17

45

9*1

16

6

14

31

12

53

29 14^48 11

17

24 29

1^8 7

2~29

22"^

31


.. . .....

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

©

1840. Jan...

10

Feb. ..

11^46

May

..

June

July

.

X

13 d 10

% "I

16 d

29 19

14

4

X

4

13 d 13

8 D 54

9

8

17

15

3^21

8

47 26

l

16

20

59

18

1

6

28

17

46 21

42

17r35 19^47

4

50

19

10 20

57

14

16 llt*50

3

14

n 58

20

6

19 r 6

10

39

n 23

1

36

9®37

20

10

1

4

56 25

16

16

51

8

August

9^12 19r48

15

21

9 b 57

Sept...

9^2

18

47

15

15

13

29

Oct. ..

8~ 20

17

35

16d32

18

39 24

Nov.

9

9 16

41

19

.

1841. Jan.

m

9*25

Dec...

.

X

10

25

18

16 29

0^6

21

54

8

24 14

15

47 20

19

14 28

43 18

39

27

19

45

1^40

18

2

11^35

21

32

2

19

53

10^54

22

58

n 44

23

57

July...

August Sept...

Oct.

. .

Nov.

.

Dec.

.

V 1

4

MM

j\.

10^46

10

8

1*45

April...

May. .

44

30

t

57

26

24 25 23

March.

June

5^42

13^0

t

58 17 d 4 26

1

15®42 28"~22

5

9 25

32 22

16

\tf

Feb.... 12*^32

.

39

11*49 11 S 7

March. 11 April...

12

h

t

39

5*^20 17

10

3r

15

32

13

56

18r55 22~45

RlO 15

36 18

6 12

9^23 24 14 29* 12 24d41 6 8^58 23r52 27 7 10 9^36 8^49 22 54 26 26 11d 4 26 47 8^ 6 21 39 27D14 14 30 16*55 8*155 20 43 29 33 19 57 9^25 9*10 20 25 2^24 26 21 2"~14

10

18

42

9

4

7

25

5

50

4

12

2

36


40

GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

yp Jan.

.

Feb.

.

.

h

*

y?

yp

tf

1842. 44

10

20p52

12*^18 22

6d

3d 27 26d17 21 20^14

29

19

52

11^34

27

50

27

4*31

26

12

24

37

n 27

22

58

7^36

21

23

53 19

44

9

31

10

29 12

3

15

April...

10^32 23 11^21 25

15 13

57 20

May

.

10*39 26

47 41

18

June

.

March

.

10

u 30

2

August

8^45 27r56 8^35 27 2 7~52 25 47

Sept..

.

Oct...

Nov... Dec.

.

1843.

10 11

9 28

8^40 8^56

12

9

3 15

7

49 13

10 27

17^45

18

6

8d32 13d43

6^38

16

30

53 14

52

6 13

7

46

9

43

17

11

25

24

22 12

28

22

31

14-

X

29

16

Feb.

12"^ 3 25

54 19

35

March

10^17 27

13 22

31

April...

1

May.

.

24 ll* 6 29 10*25 0^34 25

June

.

10

m

yp

Itf

24d43

10

19 11

6""35 19

33 10

13

4

3-^33

8

32

15

47

6

52

45 24

26 21

4

5

17

15r57

3

38

32

2

3

1

40 25r11 27

8®57

2

10 23

August

S&31 2 R 2 8^20 1 10 7-38 29^54

21

8^25 8^42

20d20 18d22

.

Nov.

.

.

38

50 19

July.,.

Oct..

yp

2

17

n 17

Sept..

17

o"~58

1

Jan... .

1

19

24

yp 30

38 26

22

49 13r12 22 R

27

July..

8

$

28 27

17 s

17

7

14 24

41

9d27

19

32 20

38 21

19

11

18

R

4

42

9^5

31

0^25 28^46 27

11

25

32

37 23

57

*++4

Dec...

* 10

digits of the

28

52

28

17 22

Sun

eclipsed in the

43 21

0~~

32 21

1

16th deg. Cancer, a. m.


... .....

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS. 1844. 14 28 d 35 26 d

Jan. .. 10

Feb.

11"~48 29

.

March

nK

April

11T51

..

May.. 11**

3

36 29

lV

2

48

2

4

10

37 28

37

17

59

20

7

4 24

32

7 r

4

9~38

6

7

5

33

3

August

9^-13

6r

1

3

30

4

Sept..

9^4

5

13

1

30

1

8—22

4

2

9^10 9^27

2

53

Id

15 24

2

20

3

15

July

.

Oct.

.

Nov.. Dec.

.

.

.

1845.

38

r31

27^49 44

12^34 March 10^48 *April. 11*37

3

24

9

59

2^30

4

40 13

16

8

6

34 16

23 15

50

tMay...

10^56

8

18

16 23

2

June .

10

25 18

54 29

.

July ..

Sept... .

10

8^57 9^12

Nov... Dec.

9

9®25

9&% 8%1 8^8

Aug...

Oct.

n 46

.

7

7

<27

15

54

14

15

27 12

40

10^21

11

2

0^5

9

23

10

7

48

8—15

6

7

26

4

34

49

2

54

7^38

1

15

19

17 17

30 25

3

9

t

21

14^27

29^46 28

8

1"~55 26

33

30 24

54

57 17

5^36

18 r

10 r 6 16

n i3

0®52

m

22

Feb.

8 31

X

6

40

19

24d28 28

28

11

,

18

20

17

19^45

19 20

2d

Jan.

t

31 10

0^

ZZ

nr

yf

9>

7^14

2^57

5

.

K 39

3

4

9

un

June

$

X 26^42 14d22 22

44

5

41

Tt

34 23

19

37 27

42 21

40

20R21 20

2

46 18

26

9

24 13

49 10

8

14 12

^6

9r20

7

12

25

5

28

1

6

19 13 d 57

2

2

17

59

20

K 35 D

16

48

35 15

12

|

* t

in 18° 2' Taurus, for space 3h. 22m. g will transit the 5 digits of the Sun eclipsed in 16th ° Taurus. d 2


GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

42

¥

1846. Jan.

6d23 16d44

46

10

.

12^20 March 10^34 * April. 11^23 Feb.

%

h

8 Id

$ 4

9>

6d19

HI 13

34

10 11

56

7

13 20

16

3

17 26

8

30 23

40

7

30 14** 20

9

27

10

16 27

13

4

n 24

8

48

26 20

35 23

.

44

May

.

10^41

11

54 29

39

7

13

June

.

10

n 32

13

17

0^40

27

53

1S®22

5

33

July

.

9^11

14

3

Or 24

4

n 36

2^-21

4

14

5

28^45

10

56

2

13

25 26

Oct....

8^47 8^37 7-54

12

33

Nov...

8^41

11

Dec...

8^57

10

1847.

V?

August Sept...

10

Feb.

\r*

.

26d40

5

17

March 10^19 12

45

16

12

2

20

11^36

42

1-23 29—

7

8

27

28

11*18

25

53

n

*+*4

11d 4

57

3 15 r 34 21

25

qp

32 10

Jan...

29 14

8 24 21

36 21

j\.

t

26

8

12

2

4 24

14

0^44

6

43 23

38 22

36

8d

27

9

13^27

21

7

8

5^41

19

28

18 17

53

17

4

8

13

58

7

44 12

10** 27

15

39 10

35 17

41 27

n

8

17

24 24

26

19^19

16

15

17

1®16

9^33

14

40

August

8^58 8^33

18

Sept..

s

Wn

17

April...

May. . June

.

.

July

.

.

tOct.

Nov.

.

Dec.

.

.

.

.

11^ 10

7

12

58 12 8 i»

8

47

11r39

8

55

9

30 14

5 28 7

2

13

1

11^16

11

22 47

7—40

16

33

7

22 18

29 14

26

9

8 trt 27

15

17

6

10 20

35

5r56

8

8

8-^43 14

27

6 b 30

19r44

0** 4

6

33

* 3§ digits of the t 11| digits of the

will be eclipsed iu the 5th deg. of Taurus, will be eclipsed in the 16th deg. of Libra.


....

AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

SI >

©

1848.

8

h

X

or Jan.

.

.

10

14d17

8

Feb.

.

.

11^50

14

56

11

37

12

26 17

11*5

16

9

15

2

10

37

April...

11^53

17

49 18

May.

11^11

19

31

l

20

59 24

17 20

9 S 40

21

54 25

15 26

March

.

.

ll

June. July

.

.

August Sept..

.

16

n

9^-15 22

9"*6

11

d30 16

21

it

*Nov...

Dec.

.

.

8~ 24 9^12 9^29

57

15

24r43

11

3

57

n

55

3

16

1

44

25

5

8^46 28^30 39 26

52

14^58 25 3^40 4^16 23

38

36 26 50

16

49 10

21

20

35 16

18

24 18

51 20

13—30 20 30 4^17 18

46

17

29 18

35 22

30 25

10

19

41

18

Jan.

.

.

11

Feb.

.

.

12*^37 18

23

58 22

4

5

d18 19d58 21 r 37 17

n. 5 15

9^49 0^54

53 22

45 18

12

25

56 14

41

36 29

46 12

35 24

24

17

/

ol

or

3

4

5 d 31

R50 21

21

w

1849.

16

46 11jd40 20

-Tk-

Oct....

43

13

32 53

March

10

X 5l

20

April...

11^39

21

May

.

10^58 23

18

3^14

13 d 21

17^28

9

10

June.

.

n I0 48

24

5t

6

6

16

41

10^32

7

32

July

21

40

2^44

5

57

55

4

18

12

n 49

2

40

27

1

4

.

1

.

9® 27

25

51

7

41

August

9 $l g

26

13

7

49 27

Sept..

8^53 25r52

6 k 25

Oct. ..

8^11 24

56

4

11

10

55 27

Nov,..

8^59 9^15

23

38

2

4

16

46

22

40

1

10 21

1

Dec.

.

.

.

* Mercury 41 minutes.

will

transit

the

52 23

4^34

in

31

m 17°

12

24

10

46

5®38 29^26 2 r 14

19'

27

for 2

51

hours


44

GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

©

1850. Jan...

¥

%

h

&

$

n Id 55 23

22d18

48

10

r

2 21 R

26

12

7

18

24

34

10 19

8

58 15

17

24d40 23 7^27 21

26

*++4

22

22

48

4

March

10^36 23

43

7

April..

11^25

22 10

May

.

10** 43 27

6 14

38 13

13 22

June

.

I0

Feb..

July.

.

August Sept.

..

Oct.

.

Nov.

,

Dec.

n 34

28

1851.

20

7

16

56 21

55

4

4—30

14

18

6

26

49 14

24 16

42

8^34

8

31

V?

V

nr

June

.

10

H 20

24 19

11^27

2

10 15

21

47 13

14 28

2

34 29

3

41

2^31

4

20

4

4r11

4 r 3 21

3

24

2

8^29 8^45

2

9

l

14

45

26

7~ 42

. .

5

22

Sept....

Dec.

6

14

3

Oct..

Nov...

37

1

1?™

8^59 8^35 8^24

0**

28^

32 27 9

4^35 6

13 b 49 20**

5 16

52 li

50

n 3l

6

30

28^53 27

17

25

39

1~°29 24

50 18

4%3 11

52

1

58 25

47 22[r 13

37 18

.

A

V5f

10

11^10 29 11 10^28 0^56

.

45

10

April

August

48 11

17^5

May

•July..

58

20

4

10^21 27

..

14

5 13

-re 6—

52 11

March

.

37

52 15

33 26 22 14 21 21 12"^ 6 26 D 44 16 d 4 22

.

12

19 16

16^15 25

51

18

27

Feb...

Jan.

5

23 19

56 27

20 Rl2 28

20

11

9^42

55 13r52

42 17

9®13 29 45 8^49 0^15 8^39 Or 1 7-56 29^ 7 8^43 8^59

.

25

11

54 22

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46

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19

11

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9 J digits of the

Sun

will

be eclipsed in 5th degree of Leo.


. .. ...

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

y

e

185-2.

u

h

T 10

Feb.

lr^oi

.

a*

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18

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$

8

ft

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April...

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May

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49

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15

June

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3

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3

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16

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52

28

36

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33

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..

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1853. Jan,

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4

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H

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it

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46

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1854.

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5

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41

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.

5 19

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45 11

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....... .

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©

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48

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1858.

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.

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.

52

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will

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be eclipsed in 25th

16

3

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28

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..

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Â¥

1860.

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4r22

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.

.

10

.

.

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3

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46 19

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27

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27

48

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17

5

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28 51

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transit the

6 digits of the

be eclipsed in the 6th degree Leo. 19-54 for the space of 2 hours. c be eclipsed on the 10 yf afternoon.

will

0, will

18 27

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50

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©

1862. Jan.

.

Feb.

.

h

t

ft

n

.

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10

12^8

12

26 21

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10^42

12

d22 20

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11^30 13

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10^49 14

..

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n 39

10

59 26 7 24

17

44 20

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7

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15

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3

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1

33 23

10

.

16

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.

10

n 25

9^

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5 21

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Sept...

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Oct....

Nov..

Dec.

.

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1

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26

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6

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47

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t

qp

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6

2?th

°

6

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.. ....

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

¥

1864.

h

22 22 r21

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.

10

Feb.

.

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21

17d35 20d28 10 25

18

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.

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23 11

34 20

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.

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n

21

6

8 24

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Oct.

.

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.

Dec.

.

.

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27 R 9

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6

5

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46

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23

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9

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;

23

Sun


GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

52

Jan.

Feb.

55

10

.

..

12"*""

1

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29

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.

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51

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.

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.

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2

48 21

12

12

53 24

34 28

12

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of the

will

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16

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in the 16°

9

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19

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sets at this time. t

50

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54

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Feb.

12

14 10

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7

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19 23

12

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VS

1867.

56 19^25 47 10^54

4 17

10^43 29^57 11^32 0®12

March

$

It

1866.

will be eclipsed on 16 ° Pisces, a.m.

;


.. . .

SIN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

¥

1868. Jan.

.

.

10

Feb.

.

.

11

— 57

9

March

11^12

8

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tl*

1

9

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.

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9

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n n io

July

.

.

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Oct.

,

..

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Dec.

..

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11

47

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50

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57

11

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19

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2

37

27

2^47

1

1

*!0r41

t 2

21

35

11^48

Sun rr\13° 10

56

14 15

..

will transit the

21

41 20

47 19

April...

g

35

17

May

'

10

48 23

m

op

12^46 11

49

25

16^12

50 28

.

March

2

28 '^27

40 26

52 29

Feb.

*

n l8

47 21

46

45 minutes.

41

14

39 11

.

16

1

13r26 11®48

15

.

55

3

20 29 d 41

12

Dec.

4

3

49 29

11

Nov..

42

14

.

.

27

ggK

4

5

6

Id

V*

n 57

4"~53

2^56 15^16 8^35 8 56

Jan... .

8>

49 8

10

40 27

30 18

b

*

5d20 11

5

i)

9^21 17 29 9^36 16r53

1869.

%

T?

25 24 1()r53

53

8^ 27

f° r the space of

oue hour


54

GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

©

1870. Jan.

y 57

10

..

19

March

10^45

18

April...

U*?«

18

May... 10^52 June

.

July

.

10

9^22 8^58 8^48

August Sept....

8^5

Oct....

8^52 9* 8

Nov... *Dec...

10

13

3 28

24 21

54

28

29

55 26

17

5

n 4l

21

28 24

7

12

23

21 22

19

18

25

1

26 r 14 27

25

21

26

23

1

51

19

12

12 16

46

10^38 23

17

7

3

42

24 d 43

2

8^-44 27

42

4

5

15

8^33 7^51

23

3

4 21

*

corn,

10 \ r.

8^38 8*54

0%5

5

24 29

8

18

Sun

eclipsed

s5

26

13

digits of the

M,

3 d 31

Or 58

1

55

35 19

Sept....

.

15

32 25

August

.

3

8

9

2

.

10

47 -/"v.

5

8

Dec.

d40 7

6

9

Nov.

25

5

6

..

41

2i%8

8 r 14

Oct.

11

34

11

29

17

35

9

49

8

13

39

25

9

14

5 r 26

24

10 .

56

2

J*9

26 20

n 29

.

31

49 17 D 18

s

July

9

50 26

48

7

23

d

1

24

J\.

5

May.

23

9 21 19

16 17

13

22

15 36

18

n

vs

26

24

n 22

14^

13

52

April...

June.

26 it

22

44

5®*4

48 25

43 25

11^19

23

53

10 26

35 25

X 25

7^32 0^22

32 14

49 23

21

8 22 d 47

26

26

10^30

.

16 16

18d38 28 r

.

March

15 27

11 D 27

lsT~16 23

10

.

Feb....

26d50 29 21^17 27

7

2.5

19

^

1871. Jan.

n 43

9>

40

5

21d52

$

8 12

20 R26

Feb.... 12'~'31

%

h

36 23

46 58 2

3 28

38 28

54 12*153 27

29r37

on the

6-56

42

n 50 11

3*18

25

36

V

23

57

43 22

22

18

51

1st degree of Capri-


.. .. . ...

8UN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

$

h

1872.

55 9>

n

si

:

Jan.

.

Feb.

.

.

March April... j

May 1

10

26

*June..

d50 26r47

11

15

28 22

46

13 29

11^14

27

42 18

16 20

12^ 3 ^20

27

16 20

23

27 d 37 21

5

9

n 12

28

Nov.

..

9 ni 23

5

Dec.

.

9^38

4

7

it

40

4 £i g 28

5

9

26

42

17

28

8^46

7

48

14n34

23

27

27

29

6

13

28

20

16^15

4

34

33

3

12

1

46 14

5

12

U

13

3

n 35 12

26

6 16

9%6

18

7

54

44 18^48

18

2

8—34

33

10

0^14

.

5

50 17 15

4

9^50

Oct....

43

19

14

34 20R18 28

9^-25

Sept.

d46 20

K 10

15** 32

10

.

.

7

20d22 23^23 23

August

July

12

1

11

.

Or

11^59 28^42

52 15

57

42 18

29

1^4

o

j

11873. i

!

,

V? 11

15

4

49 21

54

Feb.

1^^48

3

31 25

33

March

11^

2

2

27

.April...

11^50

1

56

.

28

1

36 24

43

5

r36 25

2

24 21

2r

13

July...

9~38

4

42

43 28

August

9^13

6

37 28

29

Sept...

9^4

8

22

Oct....

8-22

9

46 25

Nov.

9"lio 10

38 26 d41

9^26

10

37 27

digits of the

Sun

Dec... f

3

14

28^

21 26

7

.

33 12d51 14

7

'16

34

.52 24d20 2?— D

51

4**47 11

58 17

22

49 28

36

22

hx\?2 21 14

4 35j

5>

22

19

51

1-^45 18

15

48 21

23 d57

21

4»l 8

46

3

10

20

1"~ 8 21

2 d

.

1

28^10

n 58

June

R

n

-TV.

«R

Jan,..

May... 11** 9 i

Vf

«,

2

26 16

45

15*47

15

15

6^29

13

39

eclipsed in the 6th deg. Gemini, a. m.


GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE

56

©

1874.

%

h

$

X 40

2d

22

5

r22

0d25

4

24 10

23

9

12^33 March 10^47 April... 11^36

8 7

14

8

54

28%5 15^24

6

34

11

51

24

May

.

10** 54

6d38

13

38 22

June

.

L0

2 22

Feb..

.

.

July.

.

.

August Sept.

..

*Oct.

Nov.

..

.

fDec.

..

.

Feb.

.

1

41

1

18

20

5

42

20

n 38

4

4

24d26 10^39

2

28

8

58

13 R

9^

10

47

10

8%0 8^7

12

43

8

14

10

7

32 11

8^54

15

7

7

d45 17

9-^10 15

14

9

10

10^32

April

58

0^52

13

9^38

53 28 48

"13

27

36

58 25

58

17—25

-n.

50

44 29^11

4=£=52 20

24

22

qp

tft

33 12

19 28

19 15

56

l"tl8 24

12

4 19

18

1

it

12""17 13

March

51

56 28

46

A 44 14

56

8

10 29

9®g4

25

8^

7

28 14

4

14 24

2

7

vtf

.

2

n 45

1875. Jan.

it

8 12

59

10

Jan...

37

20

6

9*

4 22

44

21

5

3 19

36

14 17

58

7

11^1

11

18 22

33 28 u 39 23

May

.

10^39

11

16 24

48 24

55

2^20

16

22

June

.

10

2 25

47 22

12

14

44

July

.

2r46 24^ 5

..

n 31

12 D 13

22 25 R 17 22

15

10 23

{Sept..

9^10 8^46 8^35

17

3 21

Oct. ..

7~ 53

18

29 19

33

19

44 19

13 11

19

59 20 d 20 17

August

8^40 8^56

Nov. . Dec.

.

* 3\ digits of the

^

2

\

2 digits of the

vv

Sun

transit the

t

13

8

11

30

0^4 D

9

51

48

8

16

5"~48

6

38

5

2

30 24d48 21 14 29

4^41 22

15

54 ^6

7

46

eclipsed on the 17° Libra, a. m. 1874.

£

17 deg.

for the space of 2h.

eclipsed on the 6° Libra, noon.

40m.


... ..... ..

51

SUN AND SUPERIOR PLANETS.

Jan.

.

10

Feb.

.

ir?

28

It

19r25 rs7

m 24 d

i

19d

3

24

3

11^18

1

45

1-^38

1**50

i

18

16 26

25 29

March

11^16

16

59 29

50

April

1*V

5

16

6

.

11** 22

1.5

58

June

.

n l4 ll

July

.

May

..

i

h

1876.

3^23 3

6

43 23

1

29^10 R

13

40

7

36 25

20

17

54

7

39 22

40 23

August

9^52 9^27

19

40

6r16

22

Sept..

9%7

21

36

5

8

25 d

Oct.

8-36

29

23

14

2

1

Nov...

9*124 24

21

1

6

Dec.

9-^40 24

42

1

d 45 12

.

.

1877.

V* 16

Jan.

,

11

Feb.

.

12^49

11^

50 19

7

3 25

29

4 18

53

17

15

1*115 15

39

m

X 24 14

4

37 11^38 13

24

16 21

3 21

56 10

25

0^12

29

57 14

8

3

17

19^54

9

17

...

Jl^lO 20

52 17

10

3

38

8"~41

7

41

18

1

Rl3

June. .

II

11

9^37

21

d24 19

22

31 19

6

3

4

27

19r12 24

35 17^26

2

49

13 24

13 12 R51

1

10

9^14 24

14

9^5

26

12 17

Oct...

8-23

28

11

15

6

12

.

n 9 Ul 9^28

29 29

55

34

Aug...

Nov...

49 10

10^35

Sept...

Dec.

7

20

1.1^.52 20

April

July

21

46

.

March

May

3

23

8

25

2%8

t

24r14

27

13^13 22

34 22

20

13

28^35

23 23

5^41 11-55

X

ft

2

n 32

4s

16

2?

17

58 27-^32

26 d 37 28

33 13 d 29

26

7

17

1^23 12D19 7

28 25

29^35 27

57

5 26

21


58 GEOCENTRIC LONGITUDE OF THE SUN,

©

1878.

h

X

Vf

29

6

15 d 8

14d31

2"~35 28

5

18

21 17 27

Jan.

.

11

Feb.

.

1

1

0^57

10^49

26

53 21

April...

11^38 25

49 25

6

*May.. 10** 56 25

26 28

27

6

38 27

7

7

.

July

.

10

n 47

25d50

1^

22

27

5r31

5^20

15

8

19

1"~43 24

50 13

29

0^28 2

10

3

31 26

28

4

11

25

44

Dec...

8^55 9^11

1879.

Vf

Jan..

46

10

.

0^42 28^30 14^32 28^27 27

\5

0"~ 4 24 11 D 4 38 14^20

8

37

7

2

3r59

26 D 47 11

5

40

5

^3

14 18

12 27

28

3

45

53 17^38

2

16

March

10^34

1

52

2^18

April...

11^23

40

6

9

1

X 52

May. .

10^41

12

9

47

7

35

n 33

0d27

12

June

.

.

10

MM

t

3

.

51

10

X

m

11

3~o0

47.

12~~19

Feb.

57

43

8^9

Nov.,,

4 19

16

8% 2

it

n

16^29

Oct....

2

8

35

29

Sept...

2

3~~12

4

29 21

18

9^26 26 got g 28

52

43 18

43

23

1

August

3t

10 24

12

41

March

June

etc.

3 29

24

10^12 1

54 11

44 24

X 44

37

29VJ

46 27

^

23

1

°T 14

51

12

15^40

25

2

57 15

24 11 r 47

5*18

24

10

Sept...

9®18 8^48 8^37

5

4

20

49 22

31

Oct...

7~ 55

6

52

12

38 28

16 20

56

8

28

10

9

14

8

transit

the

tJuly

..

Aug...

Nov.

.

Dec.

.

.

8^12 8^58

* Mercury of three hours

f 4

will

13

14r23 17

8 i

8

4

13 45 in

22 23 R 40 19

17

17

42

9 23

5

&

16°

57

4' for

the space

54 minutes.

digits of the

48

eclipsed on the 27° Cancer, a, m.


TABLE OF THE FIXED STARS, Corrected up to 1836. Long.

Names*

'

South

.... Tail Ceti

>fc

Pegasi Pisces d

.

.

.

Andromeda Pisces 6 Pisces £

.

.

.

.... .

Pisces

6 11

Andromeda

12 15 17 27

28

Mag.

Lat. "

o

<y)

15 52 52

20

1

25

15 35 5 5

1

13 2

'

47 s. 35 n. 10n. 41 n. 6n. 13 s.

2 2

4 2

s.

4 4 3

25

56 n.

2

7

9n. 28 n. 57 n. 36 n. 48 n. 46 n. 37 s. 48 n. 24n. In. 7n.

4 3

9

5

8 1st

Horn

Aries S.

5fc

53 40

l

.... .... ....

Bright >fc Aries Schedir

Almack Menkar

.

Ceti Aries 8 Algol

Bright Bright

.

Pleiades Persius

>fc

^

.

Rigel

.

Bellatrix

Capella First

Bull's

%

.... .... .

Orion's B.

N. Horn

Orion Cingula Orion Bull's S.

Horn

. .

Tail Small Bear

Betalguse Orion

Auriga

22 33

5 5 11 11 12 18

41

46 48

58

27

1

12

33 53 42

23 27 29

1

48 23

s.

22 4 30

2

2 2 2 2

4 2

3 2

n

^

Hyades, in Taurus. Bull's Eye, Oculus Taurus. Aldebaran First

8 9

*

3

39

6

10 29

7 14

18

.

19 20 20 21 22 22 26 26 27

32 40 34 4 16 10 24 30 18

27 38

7

46 36 30 10

5 2 5 31 16 22

s.

1

51 s. 52 n.

2

T3

36

5 24 25 2 66 16 21

21 N.

2 2 2 2 3 2

33 20

s.

s.

s.

s.

s. s.

13 s. 4 N. 4 s. 28n.

3 3 1

1

1

2


TABLE OF THE FIXED STARS.

60

Long.

Names. Gemini

Gem.

1

rj .

fi

3 6

.

Bright foot of Gemini

Gemini

e

Sirius

Gemini Canopus Argus Gemini d . Castor Pollux

.

j3 .

Proecepe

.

.

:

.... ...

5fc

Neck

a Regulus Great Bear N. Bear

....

;

.

In Dragon's Tail • Great Bear's Tail Bright ^fc Back Lion

.... .... .... ....

In Tail of Great Bear Leo Part of Argus . Leo t

Deneb >fc

11

51

39

12 12 16

42 46 14 58 58 33

2

5 6 12 18 17 19 21

75 10 6

15

56 s. 51s. 47 s.

2n. 32 s. 5 51

s.

22 58

25 25 25 27

16 37 17

27 28 28

3

26 53 25 7

Bear and Lion

5 6

s.

13 s. 4n. 39 n. 58 s.

41 N.

3

45 3 3 22

6n. 10 s. 46 s. 25 s. 50 n.

11

4

51 N.

8

47 n. 27 n. 7n. 40 n.

51

8

66 54 14

11

8

9

13 15 16 19 19 22

22

56

16

6 67

Last jfc in Great Bear's Tail 24 Virgo 24

13 22 17 37 49

1

9

43

40

1

49

47

34

1

3 1-2

4 4

9

9

1

3

10 N. 4n. 40 n.

34

6

3 3 2-3 3

neb.

15

4^6

Leo p

Leo

6 2

Mag.

'

4^40

North Asselli y 8 South Asselli N. 1 Great Bear S. Lion's Head S. : : Great Bear Leo I Leo o • Hydra Leo n S- Leo r] Bright

49 39

20 23

.

Procyon

9

7

17

.

Lat. O

So

12

40 54

29 n. 22 n. 20 n. 19n. 40 n. 23 n. 5n.

2 2

4 3-4 2

3

3-4 2 I

2

3

4 3 2 2

3 2

3

Us.

2

33 s. 17 N. 8n. 24 n. 41 N.

4 1

2 2

3


/ABLE OF THE FIXED STARS. /.o^,

Names. In Virgo

.... .... .... ....

Virgo Vindematrix Virgo In Virgo In Bootes Spica Virginus Archturus

....

1

2

7 7 9 15 21

....

5n.

4-3

1

22 n. 13 N. 49 n. 38 n. 33 n.

3 3 3 3

16 2

12 21

49

33 56

31

On.

47 44

46 s. 21n. 22 n. 32 n. 49 s. 32 Nc 25 n. 3n. In. 29 n. 28 s. 6u.

5

43 46

19 22 25 25 27 27 28

5

4 33 40 53

Nt 3 29 9 58 12 48 17 18

.

Mag.

Lat. '

21

Centaur N. Bright %. Corona • South Balance North Balance Libra . Bright >fc Ophiuchi. Ser. Libra y . Libra rj . • Libra jc . , Libra . Centaur Libra \ .

61

51 5

30 35 39

8 2

8 1

25 4

4 3 42

12

2

s.

2

1 1

2 2 2 2

4-3 2

3-4 4 4 4 1

4

t Right h. Ophiuchi Middle >j< Front Scorpio South E. N. Front Scorpio In Scorpio In Scorpio

.

2

a

5

In Ophiuchi

6

An tares

7

.

In Scorpio

In

Head

of Hercules

.

In Ophiuchi In Ophiuchi

In Head Ophiuchi In Scorpion's Tail In Ophiuchi In Scorpion's Tail In Sagittarius .

.

9 13 15

19 20 22 23 23 28

1

17

18 40 55 12 31 56 28 10 51 42

1

5 1 1

4 11

4 6

37 7

17n. 57 s. 26 s. 5n. 40 v. Os. 25 n. 32 s. 5 s. 19n.

14 n. 48 s.

7 8

35

53 n.

17 3 18 58

13 27 19 6

43 58 36 57

1

3 2

3 2

4 5

3 1

4 3 3 3 3

s.

2

s.

3

s.

f

s.

3


TABLE OF THE FIXED STARS.

b'2

Names.

Long. "

o

Yj>'

Sagittarius

.

.

2

4

Sagittarius

7 10 11

Sagittarius

.

Sagittarius

Bright

%

Harp

Sagittarius r Sagittarius o Sagittarius 7TL

55 48 12 54

.

r'.us

Sagittarius

Sagitt

38

• .

....

Oculus Pavonis In Swan Bright ?fc Eagle

2 11 2

4

Os. 5 s.

2 4 5

s.

6

55 25

20

7

8

s.

61

4

33 42 58 31

12 12 13 21 *8

22 n.

3 3

12 .

Mag.

Lai. o

1

58 25

43

l"~34 45 1

40 36

29

s.

46 n. 58 s. 53 28 n.

3 3 1

4 4 4

36 49 29

11

s.

2

In. 19 n.

3

6 4 64 4

3 3 3

2

58 n. 37 n. 27 n. 58 s. 31s. 23 s, 39n. 33 s. 9n. 4 s.

22

7n.

1

fff4

Near Goat's Horn Capricorn >fc

in

/3

Swan

.

Capricorn e . In Tail of Goat In Tail of Goat

Aquarius • In Tail of Goat In

Swan

• •

....

Aquarius 8

»

Os. Pegasi

.... .... ... ....

Aquarius 9 Aquarius Fomalhaut In Tail of Secheat

Aquari X Aquarius

Markab

Swan

<p

.

Secheat. Pegasi Tail Ceti North

*

.

.

14 17 19 19 21 21 22

26 29

1 1

3 6 9

14 21 27 28

54 30 56

35

7 15

8 2

35

57

2

26 35

51

58

23

2

19 51

10 21 59

5 31 3

36 18 52 12 5 37

8 1

19

19 31 10

43

n.

41 N. 5 s. 57*.

4 3-4 2

3 3 3 4 3

4 3 1

2

s.

3 4 5

25 n. 8n.

2 2

Is.

3

11

s.

23

s

2


1

A TABLE TO CALCULATE THE PLACES OF FIXED STARS FOR YEARS

— Years.

PAST and FUTURE +. *

Deg. Min. Sec.

1

%

1

3 4 5

2 3

4

6 7 8 9

5 5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12

13

10 10

14

11

15..

12 13 14 15

..

16 17

18 19 20 25 30

15

16 20 25

501 40| 31 21 12

i

41 46

50 54 58

.

52

43 35

16 6 56

29 33 37

35. . 40... 45... 50.. . 55.. 60.. 65... 70.. . .

2

23 14 4 55 45 35 26

Deg. Min. Sec.

Years.

75..80..

!

j

46 58 10

2 7 11

85... 90... 95... 100... 200... 300.. • 400... 500... 1000... 2000... 3000.. . 4000...

2

15 19 23 47

4

11

5

35 59 58 57 56 55

6

13 27 41

55

22 33 45 57 9

20 32

44 56 16 28

39 50 53 46 40 32 27

53 46 39 32

i

* To find the longitude of a star for past years, subtract the degrees, minutes, and seconds in the Table corresponding to the number of years prior to 1836 from the longitude of the star, and you will have its true longitude for the if for future years, add the degrees, minutes, given year;

and seconds corresponding to the number of years 1836.

after


ADDRESS TO STUDENTS, #c.

To

Sfc.

persons that not only delight in the sub-

lime contemplation of the heavenly bodies, but

who

are desirous of adding thereto the ancient

of

science

Astrology,

this

be found particularly useful. there are tal

many Gentlemen

of,

who

these studies,

prefer to

I have

leisure time to dis-

with

enjoy themselves

by inquiring

will

no doubt

possessing great men-

endowments, and who have

pose

work

small

into

the

principles,

doctrines and truth of the Astrological science,

which

is

by no means an easy

than to employ their

time and

ner less amusing or profitable. subject require a sound

and penetrating mind

Not

much

rather

man-

only does this

judgment but

;

to a certain degree, will

Phrenology,

task,

abilities in a

also an acute

a knowledge of geometry,

be found indispensable.

physiognomv, and f 2

astrology

will


66

ADDRESS

be found by experience perfectly to harmonize,

and bear testimony alternately

to

tbe pbrenologist ougbt to be an

an astronomer pbrenologist

tbe

;

a^id

eacb

ougbt

astrologer

pbysiognomist

otber;

astrologer,

;

and

be a

to

and the phy-

siognomist ougbt to study both, in order to form a

solid

basis

judgment.

I

only

my

it is

whereon beg leave

to

build and guide his

to inform the reader that

intention to mention these hints to

tbe young students, therefore the more learned

A

young

a desire to obtain a perfect

know-

will please to excuse

person

who has

my

suggestions.

ledge of either of these amusing studies should

be well able to delineate his ideas, and have an excellent, correct,

and expert method of drawing

projections of various kinds

particularly

;

that

kind of projection known by tbe name of Mercator's

;

in order to

be enabled to make a correct

planisphere of the heavens, the ecliptic, and the earth,

very

by which means the student

much

will

be assisted

in his ideas relative to the positions of

the planets and stars, both in respect of their zodiacal and

done

will

mundane

shew the

position,

difference

which

if

properly

between longitude,


;

TO STUDENTS. right

latitude,

one view

ascension

the

;

practice

67

and of

declination,

the different

jections necessary for astrological and

at

pro-

astrono-

mical purposes will so far assist to render the

most

problem

difficult

explicit,

and so

easily

imprint on the mind of a clever student, that he

can thereby, as earth,

and

all

to guide his

it

were, survey the heavens, the

planetary and other significations,

judgment therein

;

and prevent him

from entertaining any fallacious or ambiguous notions which

and

are

contrary to nature, science,

In the true projection of a planisphere,

truth.

the degrees of declination are to be correctly mea-

sured according to number, from a line of tangents the reason I think this necessary to mention for

the notice of the

been many

some methods

claring

others

young student,

disputations

;

method.

the fact

The

is,

to

amongst

is,

there have

persons,

de-

be more correct than

there can only be one true

degrees measured on the line of tan-

gents will exactly compensate for the loss a given angle (with the plane of the equator towards the poles) must sustam, are

if

only the equatorial degrees

measured from the equator

to the north

and


68

ADDRESS

south as a scale of the declinations, which very incorrect idea

and declinations

;

drawn

are

must next proceed

upon and from the declinations

angle

;

when

a

correctly, the student

project the ecliptic line

to

scale of right ascensions

and

the said ecliptic line will form an

twenty-three

of

is

the right ascensions

degrees,

twenty-eight

minutes, or nearly so, with the plane of the equator.

The

student will find from tables, the right

ascension and

declination that correspond with

every five degrees on the ecliptic line, which must

be marked with a

fine point

;

a strip of flexible

brass, or lance wood, bent to take these points

by drawing a points,

line

through the centre of

will give

it

the

ecliptic line

all

;

these

complete;

the right ascension will give the place of every

which must be marked with the

degree,

&c. &c.

The

be measured

lines

must

signs,

on which the latitudes are be

to

drawn through every

degree on the ecliptic line, at right angles with the said ecliptic line, which line of latitudes so

drawn

will point to the pole of the heavens.

ri^ht lines

from

the

which centre,

are

drawn through a

make

riodit

angles

All circle

with the


;

69

TO STUDENTS. <*ircum fere nee

therefore all right

;

point to the centre of a given

which

lines

form

will

circle,

The

right angles with

its

mention

young student must be informed

the

this,

that the neglect

the errors that that

I

poses

;

have the

circumference.

of this

still

of

one of

is

the planispheres

exists in all

observed

lines

proposition

reason I

pur-

astrological

for

intersecting

latitude

the

zodiacal degrees and signs in those planispheres

are not drawn at right angles with the ecliptic thereof: therefore those lines cannot point to the

pole

of the heavens, but to

contrary to reason

;

some other place

the only two places in those

defective projections that the lines are correctly

pointed to the pole of the heavens

is

in the first

point of Cancer and Capricorn, which happens

The

more from chance than reasoning. this

work

will not allow

necessary instruments

me

that

are

methods of projecting them the

heavens

limits of

to describe all the

;

useful

and the

a planisphere of

and earth should

made

not be

shorter than three feet, nor longer than five feet

the

first

would be too small

the latter

may be

if

made

inconvenient

if

shorter,

longer

;

and the


ADDRESS

70 student can

The

do as he pleases

in

this respect.

tables of the planetary transits, or ingresses

in this work, will be a great guide (not only to

the student, but to the proficient in Astrology) of the

effects

may be

that

periods from the

expected

at

certain

ingress of the superiors over

the radical places in the natal figure, their transitory

good

and

their ingress over the place of a solar or lunar

or evil aspects with the significators,

direction, as also

when they

transit the ascendant,

or either of the other angles,

their effects are

always very powerful, especially when retrograde. If primary or secondary directions were ever so

good and promising, an ('*

according

to

evil transit of

some opinions")

Herschel

or of Saturn,

more

particularly over the place the direction falls

in, if

near the ecliptic, or on the body of the

promissor,

will

it

be found nearly to destroy

the good resulting therefrom.

The

all

student should

be aware that the slow motion of superior planets operate most powerfully, particularly are retrograde,

and

if

Mars happens

when they

to retrograde

over a significator or direction in a nativity as

mentioned,

he

will

act

with

most powerful


TO STUDENTS. violence and sudden action lightning.

good

directions

;

happens

It often

come

71

like

gun-shot, or

at the period that

into operation, that a

com-

bination of evil transits, aspects, and positions, frustrate evil

is

or

by malign

directions,

at the exact period, should this part of the zodiac

by

it

transit or pass over

where the

evil is

threatened,

his transitory influence prevent,

rate, or neutralize the effects anticipated

fore

the

of a good transit, of the ponderous Jupiter

effect

will

when

retard the benefit expected:

threatened

those

importance

ingress for

opinions

their

Tables

the use

of the

are

of students

amelio* there-

;

utmost

that

wish

of good and evil directions to

approximate as near the truth as possible. There is

much amusement and

profitable instruction to

be derived from studies of

this class,

and by

judging from the ancient rules of this science,

we become evil

philosophically prepared to meet an

with more fortitude, and to

decided advantage

of a

science affords to the

good

mind

of the

and] ability a continual fund of

seeing

the

rules

of this

take

direction

man

a more ;

this

of genius

amusement, by

science and his

own


ADDRESS

72

predictions verified, according to scientific order

and

There are many things

principles.

considered in judicial astrology

;

to

be

one argument

against another; one testimony for, and perhaps

two against for

at

;

other times several testimonies

and against the expected event

and

phrenological,

ought

to

;

astrological,

judgments

physiognomical

be well weighed before an answer is given,

formed

or an opinion

is

hasty in his

decision, he will

;

for if the student is too

soon afterwards

perceive some argument to neutralize what he, at a hasty glance, considered positive.

Students

of astrology are very often useful to their friends

by giving them a timely precaution evil

and

at other times

to avoid an

suggesting the propriety

of taking the most advantage of a good or fortunate period

or

expectation.

The man who

endeavours to study

human

nature, and to class

different individuals

by the

assistance of phreno-

logy or physiognomy, can never be expected to

complete his observations, or even to bring them into a correct form without the aid

and assistance

of mathematics and astrology, which includes with

the others, four essential branches, for persons to


TO STUDENTS. be acquainted with,

73

who choose

to

The

selves in this scientific way.

amuse themtables of the

longitude and latitude of 144 selected fixed stars will

be found correct up to the year 1836, with

rules for calculating their longitude for past

and

future years, which, I have no doubt, will be found

very useful to the student in placing those stars in the proper positions which they are to occupy in a nativity or other figure of importance, with

more

exactness than I have seen in use; there have

been tables of the fixed

stars

published

periods for astrological purposes

many

nately in several

stars

;

at various

but unfortu-

of those tables the longitude of

very

is

incorrect.

I

need only

mention one instance, Archturus has been placed

more than a degree preceding the Virgin spica star

in

longitude

Archturus in the of the

Virgin

;

whereas,

the true place of

ecliptic succeeds the longitude

spica

in the sign Libra.

The

author hopes that students will be enabled in their inquiries,

by

this

table

of the fixed stars, to

ascertain if those stars of

magnitudes are

when

the

first

and second

really significators of importance,

in conjunction or aspect to the planets or


74

ADDRESS

angles of a nativity

;

it

is,

experimental observation of

worth

at least,

all

those

The

enter into the study of this science.

fixed

from each other in magnitude and

stars differ

colour.

the

who minutely

" Ptolemy was

of opinion that the ruddy

coloured stars were of the nature of Mars, those fixed stars

which emit a bright white

light of the

nature of Venus, those like the colour of cury, Saturn, Jupiter, or

*

Mer-

Herschel,' of the same

nature as the planets whose colour they represent. Stars of the

first

magnitude were more potent than

those of the second, third, or fourth magnitude in signification.

Those

line, especially

such as Regulus in the sign Leo,

fixed stars near the ecliptic

or the Virgin spica in Libra being ful significators

having greater

more power-

than stars of the same magnitude

latitude.''

I leave these important

considerations to the student's

own

observations,

as I have neither space nor opportunity at present to

correct

the

ancient errors,

if

any

the subject of their nature and colour.

exist,

on

Several

of the fixed stars have been observed to change their magnitudes, their

nature,

and perhaps,

according

to

at the

an

same time,

astrological


TO STUDENTS. expression

;

because a star of the

cannot appear so bright, colour, as

15

does

it

or,

magnitude

first

perhaps, of the same

when changed from

the third or fourth magnitude, such

the

my

is

first to

opinion

Herschel's tables of the fixed stars, classed

only.

in a superior style, are well worth the perusal of

astronomical and astrological student, in

every

order to give them a

much

better information

on

the nature and colour of the fixed stars, than any astrological

work has given on the

Some

subject.

students are of opinion that the conjunctions and aspects of the fixed stars of the third

second and

first,

magnitude should be regarded, particularly

those stars vertical to the place of birth, on the

cusps of the houses, or in conjunction with the planets and significators in the natal figure.

more famous the

fixed star, the

will its signification

w ill r

be manifested.

always find something

;

different

student

to

of

appreciated, in

The

instructing in

him

and one inquiry

astrology imparts to the

versed

new and

the pleasure which a knowledge

this science,

another

The

more conspicuous

except all

its

by

will lead

mind cannot be those

significations,

who

are

fully

well

and in those

branches of information which

I

have


ADDRESS

7t>

named

before.

student

that

information

upon

a great

find

will

inform the

necessary to

It is

he

natal and

Ptolemy's Quadripartite, than reading thereof seem

more

deal

astrology

state

will at

the

in

first

but on a more

evident,

studious observation the inquiry will handsomely

repay

the

young student

his endeavours

for

to obtain the required information. Lilly's Astro-

logy

is

book

a valuable

for horary

to consult

questions, and possesses a great deal of information for

the

astrologian

but

;

volume Eland's Tutor will

be found a compact

little

for calculating directions,

to impress on the

for

a small pocket

Astrology by Parker,

to

work, with tables

&c. &c.

I

would wish

mind of the Student

that

many

of the tables in old astrological works are very incorrect

many

;

the table of houses

in

Eland, and

others that I have examined, ought not to

be depended upon.

Placidus should be read, and

the works of Partridge on astrology will also be

found excellent

:

there are

which the student

but those old works

I

quite sufficient to read will always

many new works from

will obtain great assistance

be essential

have mentioned

will

be

"as standard works/' and for reference.


TO STUDENTS.

Many

certain periods like to

7/

are aware that

persons

fancied

they have

how much

become acquainted with such

individual

;

perhaps

at

they should or such

an

after the desired introduction

has taken place, and on a short or long acquaintance,

they have discovered that the individual

whose manners and disposition they imagined so pleasing to their

own

fancy, proves, from exami-

nation and experience, that the said individual

is

possessed of very different principles and disposition to

what the erroneous fancy painted on the

But the

imagination of the desirous person.

man who

is

conversant with the rules of Phreno-

logy, Physiognomy, and Astrology, (although the last

mentioned

to guide the

is

which teaches us at the birth

who

not the least decided criterion

judgment

in such matters)

know

to

that

if

;

a science

the significators

of each, (the person and individual

are anxious to

become

friends or acquaint-

ances,) does not harmonise by position and aspect

with each others planet's places, in the natal figure of each

;

that acquaintance

must prove injurious duration.

to

thus

either party

if

If their planetary significators

G 2

formed, of long are in


78

ADDRESS

no aspect the

that

to each other, slightest

we may then conclude

disagreement breaks

off

all

acquaintance between the parties, and they separate as completely as

if

when

each other; again,

known

they had never

the significators in the

one nativity square, or oppose those in the naof the other, then they will separate with

tivity

a severe dispute or quarrel, the nature of which the significators will

show

;

but

each nativity harmonise with aspects^ or

if

the planets in

sextile,

by conjunctions, &c.

this

or trine

will

be a

strong argument that kindness and mutual friendship will continually exist between such persons.

The

positions

to be

and aspects of the luminaries ought

most particularly regarded

for if the

sun in one nativity

and degree of the sun or moon tivity,

in this

is in

enquiry,

the same sign

in the other's na-

each to change places, or behold in trine

or sextile, that friendship formed

by such per-

sons, (if the other testimonies agree) will be per-

manent, profitable, and of long duration.

much

as Phrenology

In as

and Physiognomy guides the

generality of persons in forming their opinions

of individuals with

whom

they wish to become


79

TO STUDENTS.

acquainted as friends or acquaintances, yet from too partial a feeling the Student of Phrenology or

Physiognomy may be known

to err;

but a good

knowledge of both, united with the science of Astrology, will be found to

upon

ciple to act

in

make a complete prin-

such cases

;

but without the

assistance of Astrology, the rules of Phrenology,

and Physiognomy to

be dubious

sulted,

it

will often cause the

judgment

if

the rules of Astrology are con-

will fix,

and decide the judgment and

;

Now

knowledge of Phrenology and Physiognomy. if

we

are to admit that a selection of individuals

for friends

and agreeable acquaintances

is

a desi-

deratum of great importance to every one that delights to enjoy peace cle of their friends

and happiness

in the

cir-

and acquaintances, and that

such arrangements are necessary for the choice

may how much more particu-

of friends, or of those whose acquaintance

be changed larly are

at pleasure

these

;

considerations to

be taken into

account by those persons of each sex

who

are

about to unite themselves by the bond of matri-

mony

for life, or until that period arrives,

when

one or the other's dissolution or death

takes


80

ADDRESS

place.

This consideration of agreement

sorry to say

is

am

I

a circumstance too lightly regarded

by the majority

of persons

to each other in this

way

;

who

unite

themselves

and very often con-

tinue to live together or separate, unhappily for years,

which might be prevented,

if

the parties

were to take the trouble of a few hours study, application, or inquiry logist

that

;

an Astrologer, Phreno-

and Physiognomist perfectly understands

when

the animal feelings and desires are

permitted to act more powerfully than the intellectual or reasoning faculty, considerations

such

as I have described are never

until

too

late.

thought

of,

That knowledge which teaches us

to guide our actions with discretion, to discern

the difference between a continual sympathy, and

a continual antipathy, or the difference between occasional

or

accidental

dental antipathies to all those

who

;

sympathies and

such knowledge

love peace and

good

fore a

knowledge of astrology

fitable

to

to

any one who has

comprehend

value.

its

rules,

and

A difference of years

is

is

will, there-

decidedly pro-

sufficient

to

in the

acci-

valuable

abilities

appreciate

its

age of persons


;;

TO STUDENTS. is

not so

much

81

the cause of disagreement

amongst

individuals as the radical temperament, and aspect

of the planets and stars at the birth of each individual so circumstanced.

I

have known indivi-

duals whose planetary positions at birth nearly

harmonised with each other's by good aspects

and

it is

and good

them

;

impossible to describe the love, harmony, that perpetually existed between

will,

although these persons often quarrelled

with some of their friends, yet they never quarrelled or used angry words against each other,

on the

contrary always endeavoured to please each other therefore the astrological rules of agreement are

not positive assertions, without having many times

put them to the

test

stances and proofs

observations of

of truth

may be

my own

particulars.

several

and others on

but the limits of this

ject,

:

circum -

given and stated from

work

this

sub-

will not allow of

There are many persons who are well

acquainted with the truth and information which

can be derived from an impartial astrological inquiry tiful

;

a smiling face

may

deceive,

and a beau-

head and form may mislead our opinions,

but the

silent

language of the planetary positions


ADDRESS

82

an individual will never deceive

at the birth of

those If to

who

capable of making the inquiry.

are

persons have not got the ability themselves

make

this inquiry,

and are anxious to obtain

the astrological judgment of agreement and other questions spoken able individuals

there are

some very respect-

profess a knowledge of this

and may be consulted on

science, for a

of,

who

moderate remuneration

account,

many

making use

;

subject

this

therefore

on that

persons are less excusable for not

of this inquiry, especially

their future happiness or

when

either

miserymay depend upon

the result of their union, or other critical points to

which we are

certainly

it

all

subject.

Some

persons will say,

must be allowed that some individuals and too

are very often unfortunate in their choice,

apt to place their strong affections individuals friends,

of

which

their all

upon

acquaintance or

certain

seeming

the philosophers in the world

cannot persuade them from, until overwhelmed

with disappointment or misery

argument against what astrologer can perceive

I

;

but this

is

no

have advanced, as the inclination

in

the

nativity of the individual, the physiognomist

may

that


TO STUDENTS.

83

discover a tendency thereto from the countenance

of the said individual, and the phrenologist find evidence of the

may

same from the combination

of testimonies in the organic form of the cranium,

on the external surface of the head over the

or

brain.

The

phrenologists

head and brain into

class

organs

the

of

the

compartments, for

different

various significations; the physiognomist does the

same with the countenance

;

likewise the astrolo-

ger classes the heavens and earth each into twelve

and the

divisions or compartments, from thence,

planetary

significators

judges of the nature,

abilities,

every impartial

dual

;

the

utility

man

therein,

The

he

indivi-

will easily

discern

sciences

thus

who may deny

phrenologist

exist in the principles of

or astrology,

&c.

&c. of an

of uniting the three

mentioned.

any truth to

placed

physiognomy

must appear as inconsistent and

ridiculous, as the physiognomist

who may deny

the'truth of phrenological or astrological

rules

;

the astrologian must be as inconsistent as either the physiognomist or phrenologist, disbelieve

the

existence

and

if

he were to

utility

of

each.


84

ADDRESS

These and

all

other

sciences,

upon

founded

mathematical principles, by attentive study will

be found

harmonise, one bears testimony to

to

support the existence, and confirm

Many

the other.

use of

the

known

animals are

to possess

an instinct of foreknowledge to a certain extent

and does

it

appear unreasonable or impious to

suppose that probable

men should

event

or

exertion of reason,

be guided to foresee the

nature

of things,

science,

from an

or knowledge.

If

such ideas are considered impious by some persons, they

must

also

acknowledge that the brute

creation are superior to

consistent

and absurd.

man, which

What

instinct in animals of the brute

is

both in-

naturalists

creation, I

call

take

the liberty to term presentiment, as belonging to

man, which when combined with the science,

rules

of

and the reasoning powers of probability,

precedent, and comparison, that such a cause will

produce such an cation,

effect, or that

shows that a certain

Every man

is

a certain signifieffect

will follow.

possessed of a certain foreknowledge

and presentiment, vet many persons deny an existence of the possibility to foretell any

thing.


TO STUDENTS.

How

often

85

we have heard such persons

contradict

themselves by speaking to their friends about

some

u

individual, exclaiming,

was a scamp, he looked ;"

he would deceive you

deny that any one

else

do, by judging from

you that he

I told

like a rogue, I

know

can

supposed

very persons

these

yet

as well as they

similar rules

speaking

;

of

a speculation, you often hear such persons say,

"

I

told

you

would not answer, no

that business

one ever prospered in that house endeavours would prophecy, which beings, certainly science, the

1

fail;'

if

we admit

when

to

aided

in

exist

human

by learning

or

judgment must be considerably im -

proved

in predictions.

extent

is

Every man

to

a certain

a physiognomist, phrenologist,

prognosticator of future events part

knew your

I

:

this is a sort of instinctive

;

it

is

and

actually

a

and parcel of our reasoning and preceptive

faculty, exerted to guide

and

assist

pleasures or difficulties of this

life.

us through the

The mariner

predicts a storm from the appearance of a scud in

the sky ; persons fearlessly judge from the colour of

the clouds at the rising or water, or at other times,

by

H

setting

sun, at high

either the

new

or full


ADDRESS

86

moon, what kind of weather we shooting of the

the

whence wind

is

stars,

likely to

shall

they

have

;

predict

from

from

come, and a variety of

other significations, too numerous to mention.

Astrology has been practised and studied by

men

of learning in

all

ages.

I shall give a

some few names of the eminent men who

list

patronized, studied, or practised this science. is

a well

known

fact

that

of

either It

many eminent men

have derived great pleasure and information from astrological studies

;

were not considered

physicians in ancient times fit

to practise, if ignorant

of the astrological rules of physic, the antipa-

thy of one plant or herb, and the sympathy of another, the nature of the different plants, roots, herbs, trees, &c. or of consulting the state of the sick astrologically, constitutionally,

and physically,

discovering the nature of the disease, and administering that kind of medicine

which

either cured

the patient by sympathy, or eradicated the disease

by antipathy.

By

cures were effected

this ;

means many extraordinary

there are

some students who

are truly astonishing in their judgment of diseases,

drawn from the astrological

figure of decumbiture.


TO STUDENTS. Those students who

may

87

are fond of this kind of study

consult the best edition of Culpepper's Herbal

in three volumes,

which contains a good deal of

information on the subject. There have been

many

excellent cures performed from the ancient rules

of physical astrology from herbs,

seeds or

trees,

plants, according to the patient's disease, the nature

of the herb and medicine used, was either martial, solar, venal, saturnine, lunar, jovial, or

The sympathy

in quality.

mercurial

of the planets, of the

herbs, &c. with the different parts of the astrologically considered, affords

much

body

pleasing,

curious, and profitable information to an inquir-

The young

ing mind.

human

nature,

student ought to study

the habits, customs, and incli-

nations of persons born in the different foreign countries

;

a

man born

in

London, and one

in

Paris, another born in Alexandria, although at

the same period of time, but from the difference of the ascending degrees, or from the difference of climates, the nature

and disposition of the parents,

or education, conduces

much

to alter or prejudice

the natural qualities of each individual.

persons were born at the same place and

If

two

moment


ADDRESS

88

of time In different spheres of life,

life,

the one in high

humble circumstances,

the other in poor and

although the accidents or fortunate circumstances shall

period

happen ;

to each

does

this

person

not

about the same

argue that

because the

poor person's child has been born

at the

same

time as the rich person's child that each shall

be equally the person

rich,

most certainly not

who has been born

in

high

but when

;

life

receives

low

life

shall receive a benefit great for his sphere of

life,

the person

a great deal of wealth,

in

perhaps not amounting to the one-hundredth part as

much

as the rich person received

:

under good

directions each person shall prosper according to their sphere of

life,

which

is

a consideration that

ought never to be forgotten by the student. sphere of

life

in

The

which we move as individuals

and our mental endowments entirely decide the fortune and kind of proportional benefit

expect from good directions, and the

we may

ill

effect

of malevolent directions, transits, &c. for in the different spheres of life, there are different classes

of troubles and annoyance.

got sufficient abilities to

If a poor

make an

man has

excellent coun-


TO STUDENTS. sellor, or

of

statesman, but not moving in that class

life to entitle

he remains a

89

in

him

to

rank equal to his

few friends, or perhaps

shines forth in the

assembly of porters and labourers or other place of

sphere of

abilities,

comparative oblivion, except amongst

life

;

at

an ale-house,

amusement, according

he may distinguish himself

very erroneons opinion of some persons to

know

his

at public or parish

meetings and other places of assembly.

adult,

to

circumstanced, perhaps

if better

It

is

a

who wish

the fate or abilities of a child, or an

by endeavouring

moves, or

is

likely to

keep the astrologian

to

ignorant of the sphere of

life in

move

which the native

as that circumstance

;

alone will materially alter the judgment, in as

much

as

high

life

differs

from low

life,

every

thing in nature acts in mathematical proportion,

according to order and spheres, times, seasons,

and

years,

laws,

every individual

which we must allow

is

All persons

who have

the planets

at their birth will

to these

and impartial.

got a princely position of

princes over nations, but you will

subject

are just

not be kings or

may depend

they

be esteemed or rank as princes and superiors

h 2


90

ADDRESS

in the sphere exist or live

or class of society in it

;

or labourer in an establishment

and prime minister or tradesman

;

which thev

sometimes happens that a porter the sole guide

is

to his employer, the

perhaps

if

merchant

the porter or labourer

were born in a different sphere of

life

as a peer of

the realm, he might become a prime minister or adviser

confidential

manner

in

which

a

the

to

kinÂŁ

â&#x20AC;˘

this

is

the

young student should con-

sider things of this nature, all according to order,

rank and position.

Many

students are in

the habit of erecting

figures or charts of the heavens, according to the

mean

clock time, this method

is

sometimes

liable

to great errors, especially as the true position of a

depended upon,

for the givers

the other significators

may perhaps

figure alone can be

of

be

life,

and

all

actually angular in the true figure, calculated

from the solar time, but in the chart, calculated for

mean time

only, these significators

situated in cadent houses, dirference.

Suppose

a

may

be

which makes a serious figure

is

erected

October tin twenty-eighth, three hours

for

twenty

minutes past noon, 1805. tie equation of time


TO STUDENTS.

91

being sixteen minutes, the mean clock time will give eleven degrees fifty-three minutes of the sign

Pisces on the cusp of the ascendant,

but the

true and solar time will give twenty- one degrees

twenty- seven minutes of the same sign

;

making

a difference in the ascendant, by neglecting the equation

mean time

of

of nine

degrees

make

to

thirty-four

month of February subtracted from the

there

mean

is

it

solar time,

minutes.

In

the

an equation to be

clock time of fourteen

minutes nearly on an average, which will make a difference

from the mean clock time of eight de-

grees four minutes, should either the sign Aries or

Pisces happen to ascend

of time, from

be neglected.

makes

mean

therefore the equation

Now it is

or astronomy to ;

there are

much

how

for every student in astrology

have

a correct time -piece or

many

respectable students that

cannot afford to give forty or watch.

should never

as this small period of time

so great a difference in the ascendant,

very necessary

watch

;

to solar time,

fifty

guineas for a

Feeling a desire to assist the student as as possible, I considered the best plan to

adopt was

to

consult

some highly respectable


92

ADDRESS

watch and chronometer maker, of long established practice, to

know

watch could be manufac-

a

if

tured for a reasonable sum, say between seven

and ten guineas, that could be depended upon by astrological students

accompanied

me

to give

tion

really so

respecting

purpose a friend Piccadilly, the

satisfactory,

candid that I

feel

"In answer

verbatim.

it

this

was so

result of the inquiry

answer was

for

;

Mr. Elisha of

to

be a scape watch,

viz.

duty

watch

purposes, I have to remark that

scientific

and his

my

your ques-

to

most proper

the

it

it

for

must

horizontal, lever, duplex

or the pocket chronometer, the latter

is

used for

maritime purposes, and has been found to be the only one to answer

;

the reason

is

that such a

watch, when manufactured sound and good, well

timed

in heat

positions,

and

&c,

cold, long,

after

and short

vibrations,

such attentions, and being

brought to mean time, has been found to keep its

rate so accurately that the

Captain has not

been out in his reckoning half a mile in a long

voyage

;

but as this watch

when made sound and

well timed costs a large sum, say forty guineas, in silver,

or sixty guineas in gold,

it

would

be?


TO STUDENTS.

93

perhaps, out of the question for persons in an ordinary sphere of

to expect to

life

to

some

open

is

objections, not in principle, but from

the delicacy of the escapement, all

be possessed

The duplex watch

of such a machine.

times to be careful

when any

necessary at

it is

repairs are to be

done, or even cleaning only, and to be extremely

whose hands they

careful into

are given, for I

maintain, that unless this watch, as well as the

chronometer, professedly

is

repaired by a person

learnt

cannot be obtained

mend

either

the ;

principle,

the

good

depend upon

therefore should recom-

I

qualities

fine

this in

of a

finishing,

undercutting the shoulders, nearly

off,

unsound. are,

a

has

going

an horizontal or lever watch, made

sound and good, bearing that

who

good

mind always,

watch does not

polishing hollows,

&c,

until they are

thereby making the watch in realitv

The grand

first-rate

points to be considered

movement, a sound and good

escapement, careful finishing, and next, though not least, the selection of the

steel

wire, from

which the pendulum or regulating spring manufactured, for the inequalities in

is

to be

the

wire


94

ADDRESS

generally

upon

greatly

sary to

baneful indeed;

are

this point,

upon more

enter

good workman

is

dwell

scarcely neces-

it

particulars,

every

as

aware of the consequences

Therefore

neglected.

but find

could

I

if

without hesitation I do

affirm that the latter watches,

when made by and

obtained from respectable houses, will be found to answer sufficiently well for

and

astrological

described,

purposes

which

and can be obtained

But on a

have stated."

Mr. Elisha informed

the astronomical

closer

little

us, that

have been

for the price

you

inquiry

sound and good

horizontal or lever watches in silver or gilt cases

may

be obtained from six to seven guineas, in

double bottom

from seven tioned

length

;

is

cases, or to

to ten guineas,

wind

at the

the price

back,

we men-

the reason I have given this statement at to afford the student every opportunity

of obtaining correct figures of the heavens if at

given, and asserted as the indifferent time piece, or

;

for is

time, from an

true

watch more particularly,

an error in this particular troublesome

;

wrong time

the birth of an individual a

is likely

to prove very

certainly the trutine of

Hermes

is


TO STUDENTS. the most

that

correct

method

without

a

have seen

I

the figure at birth

rectify

95

mean time

correct

tried

to

must be allowed

it

;

cannot obtain the true solar time.

astrologers I

now

shall

proceed with a few remarks and new propositions,

which

disregarded by gentlemen

if

science,

this

ficients

in

student

may be induced

to

make

some of those astronomical, and gestions,

which

I

who

perhaps

are pro-

young

the a fair

trial

who

shall render easy for those

choose to adopt them.

I

of

astrological suÂŁ-

beg leave

your

to call

attention to the various distances of the superior

planets from us in their periodic revolutions,

when

thev appear to be in opposition to the sun they are nearer

to this earth

whole diameter of

by the distance of the

this earth's orbit, (about

one

hundred and ninety millions of miles) than when the sun appears in the same sign, in conjunction

with

the

said

planets.

So that

planets are nearer to this earth,

to be in opposition to the sun, than

junction with the sun

all

superior

when they appear

when

when

in

a planet

conis

in

that part of his orbit called his perhelion, he

is

;

again,

nearer to the orbit of this earth than

when on


96

ADDRESS which

that part of his orbit called his aphelion, difference in distance

is

caused by the eccentricity

of the planets' and earth's orbits, produced by the variation between the centres of the orbit of the

planets and the centre of the

We

sun.

shall

endeavour to avoid mentioning technical terms as

much

as

possible,

mencing orbit

this part of

order

in

subject better understood

the

com-

is

very eccentric,

from the centre of the Sun, and

more from the centre of the Earth's the diagram will explain. to

;

our observations upon the

and planet of Mars, which

differing 10° 41'

make

to

by the student

orbit,

When Mars

which

happens

appear in opposition to the Sun from three

degrees of the sign Virgo,

Mars

more than three times further Earth, than

when

is at

that period

distant from the

in opposition to the

the opposite sign three degrees of Pisces

Sun from ;

making

of course a considerable difference in the influential

power of the planet Mars by

his near approxi-

mation to the orb of this Earth, Mars having more than nine times the influence in the sign Pisces than when in the sign Virgo, according to this calculation.

The

influence of

Mars

increases from


TO STUDENTS.

97

three degrees of the sign Virgo to three degrees of the sign Pisces, and decreases in

power from three

decrees of the sign Pisces to three decrees of the sign Virgo. to

mention

Ceres,

The

we have

next superior planets

in order are those small planets, Vesta,

Juno and

Pallas,

are very

their orbits

eccentric,

crossing each other in different places

of

orbits,

their

having great

planets

Juno and

planes

are

than the of

Pallas

move

The

latitude.

in

orbits

whose

nearer to the plane of the equator

Some

ecliptic.

astrologers say they are

no consequence, as they are not

some astronomers

differ

most

easily seen

;

essentially about the

magnitude of these planets, the foreign astro-

nomers say they are considerably

and of

believe,

The

English astronomers admit. Pallas,

which

larger,

magnitude

greater

than

I

our

planets Ceres,

and Juno, are of a ruddy colour,

like

Mars, and have very dense atmospheres several hundred miles high colour of

;

the planet Vesta

Venus of the

intense white.

is

near the

sixth magnitude,

a pure

Ceres of a ruddy colour of the

eighth magnitude, atmosphere six hundred and seventy miles high.

Pallas I

is

not

so ruddy

as


ADDRESS

98

magnitude, his atmo-

Ceres, about the eighth

sphere

is

calculated at four hundred and sixty

miles high from the surface of the planet.

planet Juno

is

The

from that kind of nebulous

free

atmosphere that surrounds Pallas and Ceres, of a reddish

As

and of the eighth magnitude.

colour,

the planet Herschel has been considered by

many

first-rate

astrologers to be powerful in his

and

effects,

he appears about the

size of a star of the fifth

magnitude, of a bluish

signification

white light, resembling the colour of Jupiter.

Although out of place mention, that I

am

here,

very

much

only

I

wish

to

of opinion that

the small planets, Vesta, Juno, Ceres, and Pallas,

ought

to

accidents

be noticed, especially as

and hurts

significators of

the longitude and latitude

;

would be a useful addition

to the longitude of

the other planets in

the Ephemeris, and

worth consideration

although

;

see the planet Herschel, yet he effects,

it

is

is

well

difficult to

potent in his

and why should not those small superior

planets, at least, signify something.

student will give them a

fair trial,

as I

I

hope the

am

indebted

for the idea regarding the nature of these planets


99

TO STUDENTS. to a very celebrated admirer of this science. is

It

supposed that Vesta, Juno, Ceres, and Pallas,

were one and parts of the same planet, which by internal combustion or explosion separated these

fragments from each other, and became distinct planets

;

we

shall leave these

experimental science,

observations

and proceed

the sign Aries, he

planets to the

to the next in

ponderous planet Jupiter. in opposition to the

new

of students

in

this

order, the

When Jupiter appears

Sun, from twelve degrees of

is

then at his nearest possible

distance from this earth, being in his perigee,

consequently of greater influence on this part of his orbit than

when he

is

in the

same aspect with

the sun in the opposite sign Libra in his apogee, or greatest distance from the centre of this earth,

and of

less influence,

this speculation.

in this

according to the tenor of

The

planet Jupiter decreases

power or influence from twelve degrees of

the sign Aries, and increases from twelve degrees

of the sign Libra to twelve degrees of the sign Aries. earth

The when

planet

Saturn

is

in opposition to the

ning of the sign Cancer, and

nearest

Sun

to

this

in the begin-

if in

like aspect


ADDRESS

100

from the beginning of the opposite sign Capricorn, he

is

then in his apogee or greatest distance

from the Earth's centre in that aspect, Saturn increases

Capricorn

in

influence

from the beginning of

beginning

the

to

of

Cancer,

and

decreases from that point to the beginning of the sign Capricorn.

The

to the centre of this

the

planet Herschel

is

nearest

Earth when in opposition to

Sun from eighteen

degrees of the sign Virgo,

but when appearing to make

the same aspect

from the opposite sign eighteen degrees of Pisces,

he

then in his apogee, or greatest distance

is

from the centre of

The

this earth.

following table will give an idea of the

relative proportional distances of these configura-

tions,

in

shewing the variation of these planets being

apogee or perigee.

I

am more

particularly

induced to mention this idea as some gentlemen

do not allow the existence of planetary perhaps they

on

may be more

this proposition.

dignities,

inclined to experiment


'

I

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ADDRESS

102 This

Table shews the proportional distance

between

perigee

and

instance,

when

that part of his orbit nearest

the is

Earth's

in

apogee

Mercury,

;

for

and aspected as described,

orbit,

only two thirds of his distance from the Earth's

centre, than

manner

when

in his apogee, aspected in like

the distance of

;

Venus when

in perigee

of her apogeean distance from the

is five-sixths

Mars when

Earth's centre.

in his perigee,

aspected as described in the Table,

is

and

only three-

tenth part of the distance from us in that position

than when in his apogee; and so of the other planets

and

;

by which

it

appears that the greatest

least distances of the planets

centre are

from the Earth's

more potently exhibited when

planets appear

retrograde,

and

in

inferior

conjunction

with the sun, and when superior planets appear retrograde

and

in opposition

to the sun.

The

other aspects of the planets render the proportional difference

between the apogee and perigee

less perceptible

than the positions

scribed in the table

the earth said

is

;

I have de-

because in those positions

in heliocentric conjunction with the

planets,

but

when

separating

from

or


103

TO STUDENTS.

approaching to that heliocentric conjunction, the proportion of the diameter of the Earth's orbit

must be

taken

account.

into

induced to mention

this

idea,

I

have been

with those that

some individuals have thought proper

follow, as

opinion from the ancient rules re-

to differ in

specting the parts of the Zodiac in which the planets tables will

exert

which

I

their

greatest

The

influence.

have taken the trouble to calculate

be a means of emitting some light on

this

subject, namely, the geocentric places of the nodes

of the planets,

the ascending and descending

if

nodes of the moon, which are continually changing

by retrograde motion, should

signify the effects

described by some authors, I can see no reason

why

the nodes of the ponderous planets

that

Jupiter,

Saturn, or Herschel, should

wise have

aye,

effect,

Venus, and Mercury, tional

signification

not like-

and those too of Mars, will

furnish

and argument

some addi-

for the

lovers

of astrology and for the searchers into the truth

of this doctrine

;

in order to

expound some acci-

dental affairs that sometimes cannot be accounted


ADDRESS

104 the

in

for

Venus,

usual way.

for instance, is

generally allowed to be well placed in the sign

Libra

but

if unafflicted,

the descending node

if

Mars was passing over the same degree of

of

longitude which Venus

nodes)

nature of the

thereof,

that the

student will

of

consideration

each

planet,

am

I

which

instance

the

and

in Libra, (here a

is

ma-

take place, according to the

terial alteration will

be

much

the

their

which may happen

conscious of one

my

confirms

opinion

pleased

with

geocentric nodes of

longitudinal

at the birth of

positions,

an individual

or in a

question of consequence, including the

planets

Vesta, Juno, Ceres, and Pallas, being

sixteen significators, into account sitions

by

which have not been taken These new propo-

astrologers.

may appear

strange to

some

individuals,

but in order to give the young student a reason

why

I

have proposed them, I answer, because they

are founded on the same observations as every significator used in astrology, that

true

astronomical principles

;

is

to say,

on

and on that ac-

count entitled to the investigation of those persons

who

consider scientific research worthy of


;

105

TO STUDENTS.

and experimental observation.

their attention

feel confident that

some

of the industrious

learned students and professors that are

I

and

known

to

patronize and study this science, will, by their superior

abilities,

these astronomical

give

astrological propositions a fair

The young

and impartial

and trial.

student must be aware from what has

been already stated, that both the superior and inferior planets are nearer to this earth

when they

appear retrograde or stationary, than when the appear direct in motion, according to the

planets

succession of signs from west by south to east a planet's effects

ought

appear more evident or

to

potently, when retrograding or stationary, accord-

ing

to

the

closer to

principles

of matter approximating

each other in that position, than

situated at a greater distance.

suggestions of this nature CO of astrology appear

hension, but in

more

order,

to

I

make

the science

difficult to the

if possible,

some things which have

when

do not wish by

compre-

to elucidate

appeared in

certain

instances to act at variance to the rules generally practised.

logers did

It

may be argued by some

that astro-

verv well without a knowledge of the


ADDRESS

106 Herschel,

planet

astrology gers

is

but every

well aware

scientific

how much

man

in

better astrolo-

can do by making use of his signification.

I shall here, in this place, just mention, that the

Herschel

planet

who

science,

personally

signifies

men

of

by curious inventions, or

either

studies and discoveries of a description contrary to the

belief, or

of that class of researches far

above the comprehension of the generality of individuals.

I have noticed that

when Saturn

place of the radical Herschel in

a few of

of theirs,

my

friends,

that

(who was fond

cal, or divine

studies,

some

transited

the

the nativity of eccentric friend

of astrological, physi-

and pursuits contrary

to

the general opinion of worldly-minded persons) either died,

From figure,

or

had a severe

the position of

illness

or trouble.

Herschel in the radical

he always denotes the most extraordinary

persons,

fond of erudite and ancient learning,

such as alchy mists, or very deeply experimental chemists, and persons altogether extraordinary.

Mr. Varley,

in his Zodiacal

Physiognomy, has

given an excellent account of Herschel, and I


;

107

TO STUDENTS. shall take this

dent

who

is

oppormnity

to

inform every stu-

fond of those sciences, that he should

have a copy of that useful work as a reference,

which gives the signs ascending,

every day

for

and hour throughout the year, with a variety of very scientific and useful information, profitable for the phrenological,

physiognomical, and astro-

I have reason

logical student.

to

believe

that,

according to the doctrine of Ptolemy, Herschel is

not so malevolent a planet as some persons

represent, if

he

is

much

we

are to judge from his colour,

like the planet Jupiter in that respect

however eccentric Herschel

is

I

may

appear in

my

opinion,

only a torment and plague to fools

and ignorant persons, Jupiter to scientific

and

men

;

is

like

powerfully, being so

much

and more

Ignorant and

distant.

the

planet

of course he acts less smaller than Jupiter, illiterate

sons always feel very uncomfortable in the

pany of learned and

scientific

men,

per-

com-

therefore

Herschel only annoys that description of persons

who

take no

scientific

will

delight

studies.

contribute

in

curious

pursuits,

or

Experience and observation

more

towards

discovering

the


ADDRESS

108 truth,

when sought

by many persons, than

for

any single individual can accomplish, therefore I do not

presume upon

of those matters

my own

limited experience

upon the same

;

advise the student,

if

he

principle I

feels inclined to discover

the signiflcators of vicious tricks, or sudden acci-

him observe the

dents of the lesser order, let

longitude, latitude, and declination of Juno, and particularly Ceres

and Pallas, whose periods of

revolution do not

As I

differ

much from each

think

it

will

be found to represent things of a

pure religious and unadulterated

which pure intense white

nature,

signifies.

1

allegorically astrological in this matter,

well

aware that

and

experience

alluded to before, will expound positions,

in

other.

to the nature of the small lucid planet Vesta,

however

strange

some persons ideas

;

yet

I

those whose abilities far exceed deavours,

will not

speak

I

I

am as

these pro-

may appear

hope there are

my humble

before

en-

they give

trial,

and then impartially

much with such

other useful informa-

these things a fair declare as

condemn

I

practice,

all

they

as

I

that

J


TO STUDENTS. worthy student

tion, as will direct the

studies to

109

greater perfection than

is

in

those

known

at

present. I have

MS. work

had the honour

to peruse part of a

intended to he published, which un-

folds the ancient mysteries of

logy,

mythology, astro-

and other sciences, proving that the

fables

of ancient mythology were written with an allegorical

and

meaning and

signification.

The beauty

language, with which

scientific simplicity of

the celebrated and talented author of Zodiacal

Physiognomy conveys minds of the readers, tive

manner.

figurative

In the

and

al]

is

his explanations to the

in a pleasing

MS.

allegorical

and instruc-

the illustration of the stories

recorded

in

ancient mythology, will be a very valuable acquisition to

all

persons, especially to students

in these sciences.

The

tables

of the longitude of the planets'

ascending and descending nodes, are calculated for every five degrees of the Sun's

the different signs

motion through

of the Zodiac; by a

attention to the simple

manner

in

which

little it

is

arranged, the student will be enabled very easily

K


110

ADDRESS

to find the proportional

motion of the nodes

any degree or minute of the solar

We

these periods.

unnecessary

them

for

between

place,

consider an example quite

the author would have calculated

:

for every degree,

but that would increase the

size of the tables

more than the

work

If experience

will allow.

limits

of this

and experiments

should establish the use of these propositions, the author, at a future

pay more attention

to

may be induced

the

accommodation

to

and furnish them with more volu-

of students,

minous

period,

tables

on these

past, or for if

30 years

The

subjects.

much

of the nodes will not differ

places

30 years

for

to come, from these

tables,

5 minutes are added to 30 years to come,

1

and subtracted from 30 years

past,

the places

of the superior nodes will be found nearly correct

and

in that

The

proportion.

longitude of the

planet Herschel will also be useful to

the

stu-

dent in order to find his place in the nativity of

any person

that

has

been

born

eighteenth century, which has been

by

astrologers.

find out

the

The

during

the

much wanted

student will be enabled to

signification

of

Herschel by this


TO STUDENTS. means,

if

1 1 1

he notices the position and directions

of this planet, in the nativities of great or emi-

nent

men born during

that period,

period up to the present time.

and since that


112

8 Heliocentric Longitude of the Planets.

Ascending Nodes. Long.

1836.

o

'

The Planet Herschel

Node

n

13 22 15

The Planet Saturn

Ditto

S5

The Planet Jupiter

Ditto

qB

8 45

The Planet Mars

Ditto

&

18 17

The Planet Venus

Ditto

n

15 10

The Planet Mercury Ditto

&

16 23

23

Heliocentric Longitude of the Planets.

Descending Nodes. 1836. Herschel's Descending

Saturn

Ditto

.

.

Node .

.

....

Jupiter

Ditto

Mars

Ditto

.

.

.

.

Venus

Ditto

.

.

.

â&#x20AC;˘

.

.

Mercury Ditto

.

.

ÂŁ

13

yf

22 15

yf

8 45

m

18 17

$

15 10

m

16 23

*

* Motion of the Ascending Nodes of the Planets, about half a minute per year advance in the Si gns.


113

Heliocentric

Longitude of the Aphelion, Long, Herschel's Aphelion

Saturn

.

Ditto

.

.

.

.

X

17 52

t

29 43

^_

11 42

Jupiter

Ditto

.

Mars

Ditto

.

m

3

This Earth's Ditto

.

Yf

9

Venus

Ditto

Mercury

Ditto

,

9

.

.

.

t

3

5

14 55

Heliocentric

Longitude of the Perhelion. Herschel's Perhelion

.

Saturn

Ditto

.

.

.

.

Jupiter

Ditto

.

.

.

.

Mars

Ditto

.

.

.

.

Earth

Ditto

.

.

.

Venus

Ditto

.

.

.

Mercury

Ditto

.

.

.

fl£

17 52

n

29 43

qp

11

42

X

3

3

S3

9 20

a

.

n

9

5

14 55

Motion of the Aphelia about one minute per year forward in the signs.

K 2


1

14

Geocentric Longitude of the Ascending

Sun's

¥

Long.

n

<

h

V

$

8 On 28

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115

Nodes of the Planets Sun's

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116

Geocentric Longitudes of the

¥

Sun's Long.

0incp

15 5 15 10 15 15 15 20 15 25 15

15 5 14 10 14 15 14 20 14

4? 42 35 27 16

n 5 10 15 20 25

13 13 13 12 12 12

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12 5 11 10 11

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A

List

of a few Names of

the Patrons

and

Admirers of the science and doctrine of Astrology.

James Usher, Archbishop of Armagh, Dr. John Partridge, Physician to James

Lord Francis Bacon,

.

.

.

Valentine Naibod, Philip Melancthon,

John Booker,

1

644

B. 1561 .

1523

B. 1497

.

.... ....

George Witchell, Astronomer mouth,

1580

.

II.

royal, Ports-

B. 1728 .

1601

.

1617

Rev. John Henderson. Sir

George Wharton,

Vincent Wing, Astronomer.

Dr. Geoffry Le Neve,

B. 1579

William

B. 1602

Lilly,

.

Rt, Hon. William Pitt,

.

1759

B

1574

Dr. William Salmon.

Bishop Robert Hall, Dr. Butler,

Robert Turner, Sir

Edward

.

.

.

Kelly,

Mr. John Dryden, Poet-laureat,

.

1626

.

1626

.

.

â&#x20AC;˘

1550 1631


.

LIST OF PATRONS. Sir Christopher

Heydon,

Mr. Flamstead,

First

119 1561

1646

Astronomer Royal,

Mr. Thomas Simpson.

Due De

J. P. Kellerman,

Mr. John Heydon, Sir

1775

Valney,

1629

.

.....

Henry Cornelius Agrippa,

T. B. Cardan,

George Digby, Earl of

Bristol,

Dr. Nicholas Culpeper,

I486 1534 ,

1612 1616

Sir Robert Holburn. Sir

K. Digby.

Mr. Blake, Mercator,

.....

Nov. 28, 7h. 45' p.m. 1757

.

Mr. Elias Ashmole, Sir

.

Thomas Gresham.

Mr. John Milton. Josephus, the Jewish historian.

Poly dorus Virgil. Aristotle.

Cicero

Socrates

— Galen

Zoroaster.

Mercurius Trismegistus. Placidus de Titus.

Pythagoras.

1620 1617


120

LIST OF PATRONS.

.... .... ....

Claudius Ptolemy, Prince of the Science,

139

Albumazer,

844

Roger Bacon,

.

.

1280

.

1284

Michael Nostradamus,

.

1553

H. Cardan,

.

1501

Guido Bonatus,

Kepler.

Dr. John Dee.

....

Dr. Ebenezer Sibley, J, B.

Morinus

Hobbs. Malmsbaria,

.

1583

.

.

1588

.

1701

.

.

1628

.

1551

.

1756

William Emerson, Dr. George Starkey,

Erasmus Rhianholdus,

.... ....

John Worsdale, Sen. George Parker,

Henry Colcy,

.

John Huniades. Theophrastus Sir

J.

Richard

— B. Paracelsus.

Steele.

Montanus.

Hippocrates

B. 1751

—Thales, &c. &c. &c«

.

1654

.

1633


A DISCOURSE ON

THE HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY, PHRENOLOGY AND PHYSIOGNOMY.


FRIENDS *\

®

HONOR

V^, k

OCCULT HO


DISCOURSE ON

THE HARMONY OP

ASTROLOGY, PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

Locke

in his

trines, says,

Epistle,

" Truth

vote any where at

scarce ever

its first

new doc-

speaking of

carried

appearance

by

it

new

;

opi-

nions are always suspected and usually opposed,

without any other reason, but because they are

But

not already common.

truth, like gold, is not

the less so, for being newly brought out of the

mine. price,

'Tis trial

and examination must give

and not antique fashion

;

and though

not yet current by the public stamp, yet for all that

be as old as nature, and

not the less genuine."

we ought

to be,

it

it

be

may

certainly

This appears applicable

to the present work, the subject of is as old as nature;

is

it

which

how particular (says

to unveil our

own

it

treats

Lavater)

hearts

and


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

124

own temperaments,

our

others, as

to

we

knowledge

the

There

many

are

we can judge

before

we can only know

of

possess

things

of

others in proportion

in

this

ourselves. life

which

conduce to afford us happiness, but there

is

nothing more essential thereto than a knowledge

of

human nature.

it is

Some

persons contend that

impossible to study the various temperaments

and dispositions of

individuals,

and also doubt

down

correct rules to

the possibility of laying

who

guide the judgments of those to

make such

inquiries

;

feel

disposed

whilst others are of the

opposite opinion, and prove that

it is

possible

by

study, theory, practice, and experience to guide

the inquiring student (having a sound mind) to

obtain such a knowledge of animals and beings,

who

those

But

will

as

prejudice,

present

human

truly astonishing

are unacquainted

indolence,

continually

appear

to

with such rules.

and

obstacles

ignorance in

the

will

way of

science,

which can only be removed by industry,

ability,

and perseverance.

Persons are often

surprised at

the ignorance of their friends or

acquaintance,

who

are not acquainted with

the


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

125

nature of the various animals and their natural propensities

it is

;

some animals of

certain that

the same species differ in a greater or less degree

If a knowledge

from each other. creation

essential for

is

man

of the brute

be acquainted

to

with, and their various instincts and propensities, their

organic uses and abuses, no person will,

for a

moment, doubt the propriety of our study-

ing

the

nature,

qualities of

persons with

whom we

transactions in disposition

constitution,

and

of

hold conversation or have with the nature and

business,

those

on whom, perhaps,

future happiness or misery

The

disposition,

mankind, and, particularly, of those

our

may depend.

sweet intellectual pleasures that are to be

enjoyed in friendly society, and our daily and

hourly transactions awaken us to the importance of such knowledge. the

difference

that

All persons are aware of

manners and habits of ances ticular

;

the

dispositions,

their friends or acquaint-

there are times

persons

in

exists

resemble

we

perceive

other

that

par-

individuals in

appearance and also in habits to a certain extent,

and we often judge of persons by the contour of the l

2


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

1*26

head, the form of body, or figure, the

gait,

and

a variety of peculiarities that are often remarkable

;

how

if this is

often

a fact well

learning be assured of gists consider

him

known

to the unlearned,

must the man of penetration and

man by

its

existence.

and

himself,

with other animals.

Phrenolo-

compare

also

When the lower animals

manifest the same feelings and propensities as those

displayed by

man, the

produce them are said to be

which

faculties

common

both

to

;

ancient philosophers have compared the nature of

animals to that of man, and the nature of to

and birds.

certain animals

men

Phrenologists,

(Drs. Gall and Spurzheim,) have discovered that the general organic arrangement of the brain in

animals of the brute creation, and birds, are found to

shew the various propensities natural

and correspond to a bral developement in

other defence

phrenology

mankind.

in vindication of

than

to

them,

certain extent with the cere-

that

of

men

If there was no

the

science of

possessing the

learning and abilities of Drs. Gall and Spurzheim,

who would

not

gratification

of an

risk evil

their

reputation for the

propensity by

leading


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. mankind

into

error

Combe would have wasted

suppose that Dr. time and

abilities

compendious

127

any reasonable man

can

;

writing

in

a

splendid

his

and

on the discoveries of Drs.

treatise

Gall and Spurzheim, and his own, on the subject

Does

of phrenology ?

appear reasonable that

it

eminent physicians and gentlemen, whose

we cannot doubt, would and

abilities, as their

study

The

a

abilities

their time

abilities to satisfy

their

attention ?

are open to every

himself as to

man

its utility

by consulting the works of Drs. Gall

truth,

and Spurzheim, and the

Combe's

expend

learned predecessors did, to

unworthy of

rules of the science

who has and

science

also

treatise

latest

edition of Dr.

on phrenology, and

after

he

becomes acquainted with the theory of the science, he need only put

it

in practice to be perfectly

convinced in favour of

its

doctrine.

It

has

always been the desire of both ancient and modern philosophers to promote the happiness of

kind on a solid foundation.

nothing

will

am

man-

persuaded that

tend more decidedly to achieve this

object than a certain

sciences of

I

knowledge of the ancient

astrology, astronomy, phrenology

Âť


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

128

and physiognomy united and they,

in the

bear testimony to the

parent,

same individual

same

as they are the offspring of the

resemblance

of

each other in different bodies, in order to promote the same end,

viz.,

a knowledge of divine

AND HUMAN NATURE. Astrology

is

a science founded on astronomy

and the motions, aspects and positions of the heavenly bodies, together with the ancient signification of the constellations, stars,

and eminent fixed

according to their situation in or on the

ecliptic

;

as observed during centuries of experi-

ments, at the birth of an individual of asking a question for the result cular

event

for

;

;

at the

of any

the state of the sick

discover the strength of a

kingdom

or

moment

tropical

or,

to

or nation,

from a chart of the heavens erected exact

:

time

parti-

for the

that the sun enters the equinoctial

The

signs.

first

is

termed natal

astrology, the second horary astrology, the third

physical astrology, and the last state astrology.

Natal astrology teaches us by certain mathematical rules to judge of the form and temperament

of the

individual

;

the blemishes,

hurts,

and


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. mental and bodily diseases intellectual faculties

;

the quality of the

and animal propensities

probability of riches or poverty

and dignity the

to

;

;

the

the eminence

which the native may be elevated;

probability

of

and enemies,

friends

nature and description strength

129

;

of constitution

of marriage

natural

;

their

offspring

;

disposition

;

;

and many of the most remarkable periods of

life,

either advantageous or disadvantageous,

&c,

and

in

various instances the length of

&c. life

has

been most correctly calculated by those who are proficients therein.

Phrenology

is

a

founded

science

formation and functions of the brain.

on

the

In certain

compartments on the surface of the brain, the organs of the different faculties, sentiments, and propensities are surface of the to

the

developed, which the external

head discovers

;

and in proportion

number and strength of the

different

organs, so does the phrenologist give his opinion,

on the

intellectual faculties,

animal propensities.

moral sentiments, and

It is

extremely useful to

ascertain the exact abilities, inclinations, and dis-

positions of individuals

;

the propriety of appoint-

Kfr


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

130 ing

men

certain

to

situations

which they are most selves to

that

portion

and

studies,

It

in

distinguish them-

own advancement, and

their

general good.

likely to

the

for

harmonises with astrology, in

which

treats

of the

intellectual,

moral, and animal qualities, and the probability

of arriving at eminence in the world, acquisitiveness or riches, and in several other points which

experience and practice alone can decide.

Physiognomy

is

a science which teaches us to

form ideas of the dispositions and natural propensities of

mankind, on beholding the counte-

nance, and judging from the lines, curves, profiles

and proportion of the various features of the

face,

the form of each feature taken separately and collectively, to

which they often add the

the whole head and body. assist their

profile of

Physiognomists also

judgment in a variety of ways, by

observing the manners of individuals on various occasions, their gait, and from the general per-

sonal appearance.

nance

is

It

is

said that

"

the counte-

the index of the mind, which can be read

by observation, study and experience person

is

;" every

a physiognomist to a certain extent.


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

131

There have been many objections raised against these

by persons who are

generally

sciences,

totally ignorant of the rules,

theory and practice

of the science they universally

who have any

idea of the

condemn

manner

persons

;

which we

in

are

generally educated, will not feel surprised that early prejudice

usually a substitute for mathe-

is

matical investigation,

particularly

if

the subject

beyond the common run of

should be a

little

things,

denounced immediately as visionary

it

is

Paley says in his Moral Philosophy

or impious. that,

"

world

is

little

send an uneducated

to

injurious to the rest of

better than to turn out a

The

beast into the streets. a child's future all

others."

teachers of in

the

mad dog

;

the it

is

or a wild

health and virtue of

a consideration superior to

life is

If Paley

is

right, the parents or

young persons ought

ancient

child into

mankind

to

be well read

and the

science of astrology,

useful and important science of phrenology, by this

means

the

parents

enabled to perceive in

or

teachers

will

be

what business or science

the abilities of the child will be found most useful.

The

astrologian

is

aware

that

if

the

planet


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

132 â&#x20AC;˘Mercury

is afflicted,

impedited, and combust, at

the birth of an individual, that the intellectual faculties of that individual will

but

may be

for business

fit

are not requisite

be unfit for study,

where great

abilities

the phrenologist will perceive

;

the deficiency of those organs necessary for study,

and the physiognomist

will discover a

vacancy in

countenance in proportion to the inability

of giving the same judgment, sciences other.

act in It

;

a

would thus be capable

proficient in each science

and thus these

union or harmony with each

must appear

and prove injurious

as cruelty to the individual,

to

the general welfare,

endeavouring to educate

men

for

situations

by or

professions which from their natural organization

An

astrologian

would

vanity to expect a

man could

rise to

they are incapable to consider

it

honour

great

fill.

the

in

world whose nativity

unfortunate and obscure

;

it

is

expect benevolence to exist in a

has wealth, deficient.

ment

The

in the

when

The

man

because he

the organ of benevolence

ancients

is

equally vain to

is

displayed great judg-

appointment of their public

officers.

mischief that results to society at large

by a


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. neglect of those sciences in this respect sive,

is

133 exten-

indeed we ought not to be surprised at the

many examples both

in ancient

and modern times,

of the world rejecting with the most intolerable

tyranny and ridicule, that which their advantage.

It is the

by various

blished Churches, their profession,

intended for

is

priests of the

Esta-

acts

contrary to

who have brought

religion into

disrepute.

Persons

who

are appointed

to public stations

should certainly undergo a scientific examination, as in ancient times,

and public

when the honour of the country, were considered superior to

fidelity

private motives.

Can we

expect a man, whose

animal propensities predominate, or the

man who

has the organ of conscientiousness small, acquisitiveness large, and benevolence deficient, to be

a

fit

and proper person

fill

an

office

office

of

trust.

to

Church,

or

ought not

to expect impossibilities

of a

man

even

placed in

any

in

the

We

when we hear

such a situation, unsuitable

to his natural propensities or disposition

to

fill,

and should rather pity than censure him, especially

when we

consider what he must have

M

en-


HARMONY

134

ASTROLOGY,

OF

dured under this organisation, being contrary to

had

the quality of the office he

sustain

to

the

;

person that appoints the individual in this case,

ought to be made the responsible person, the said individual

had been placed

for if

in a situation

which the science of Astrology, Phrenology, and

Physiognomy, would bability

that

dictate, there is every pro-

he would

credit to himself,

fill

that situation with

and advantage

to his employers.

Tiberius Csesar was well skilled in Astronomy

and Astrology, (he was taught by Tharasyllus, during his recess or exile

Rhodes) he was

at

correct in his predictions of future events

;

on

(when he was a

inspection of Gabiris nativity

youth,) Tiberius foretold that he should one day

be an Emperor.

He had

nitures of all his

nobility,

always by him the ge-

and according

found his own, or the kingdom affected, or aspected, let

them remain

or beheld

cut

or

9

them

s

as

he

horoscope to be

by

theirs,

so he

off accordingly.

Hippocrates and Galen wrote on the judgment of diseases and cures, by the rules of Astrology.

Josephus he

left it

relates of

Berosus the Chaldean, that

recorded that

among

the Chaldeans, he


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. observed

Ephemerides

Astronomical

135 four

for

hundred and eighty years, inscribed on baked bricks and

tiles

;

he also signalised himself by his

astrological predictions.

him

for his learning,

nasium

at

gym-

Epigenes Byzantinus, being

Athens.

an author of

The Athenians rewarded

with a statue in the

has recorded that amongst

credit,

the Babylonians, there were found Ephemerides

containing observations of the stars for the space of seven hundred and eighty years, inscribed on tablets of brick

and

tiles

;

the same author wrote

with correctness on comets.

The Roman Empe-

ror

Adrianus, was well skilled in Astronomy,

and

particularly in judicial Astrology,

erect

he used to

an astrological chart of the heavens in the

calends of January, for the purpose of knowing

what should happen year.

to

him during

the whole

Thales, one of the seven wise

men of

Greece, flourished nearly 600 years before the Christian Era,

and, like other philosophers,

travelled in quest of

wisdom

;

by the

priests

he of

Memphis he was taught geometry, astronomy, astrology,

and philosophy, he nearly measured

the vast height and extent

of

a pyramid,

by


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

136 its

shadow, he was the

eclipse of the

Sun with

calculated an

that

first

accuracy,

he discovered

the solstices and equinoxes, he divided the heavens into 5 zones, and recommended by the Egyptian philosophy, the division of the year into

days, which

astronomy and astrology. rished more than era,

365

a proof of the ancient learning in

is

Pythagoras

500 years

flou-

before the Christian

he made the occult sciences his

private

In Egypt and Chaldea, he gained the

study.

confidence of the priests, and learned from them the symbolic characters and mystic learning of

His

the ancients.

mathematics,

him

friends

skill

and natural

and admirers.

in

medicine,

music,

philosophy,

He

gained

considered pro-

portionate numbers the principles of every thing,

and perceived pondence,

in the universe regularity,

beauty,

proportion,

intentionally produced

harmony,

and

by the Creator

corres-

;

wor-

it is

thy of remark that the most accurate calculations

and observations of modern Astronomers, proves that his

system of the universe was perfectly

correct, viz., the

planets

moving

Sun

as the centre,

in elliptical orbits

and

round

all

the

it

but

;


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. this idea

was considered

probable by persons

as

and im-

chimerical days

in those

are

many persons who attempt

the

ancients were acquainted with

137

yet

;

there

deny that

to

the periods

and motions of the heavenly bodies, however, it is

quite certain the present system

was known

two thousand three hundred years ago. aster,

and astronomer, he Christian era

;

lived

2460

years before the Christian

astrologers. all

the

years before

another of that name, and the

restorer of the religion of the Magii,

590

Zoro-

king of Bactria, was a great philosopher

is

fixed at

era; both

were

Thales, Pythagoras, Socrates, and

the philosophers derived their information and

knowledge, by their own

abilities

and from the instructions of the

and perseverance, priests

who

pre-

sided in the temples of learning in ancient days. It

appears that no persons were admitted to study

in those

temples or colleges, except those

who

â&#x20AC;˘proved themselves worthy and possessed capacity to appreciate

and understand the mysteries and

We

learning of the ancients. in

so

are quite at a loss

forming an idea of the extent of their learning,

many

valuable libraries being destroyed

m

2

by


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

138

and

accidents

various

the ancients would rather

permit their learning to vulgar,

therefore

conquerors

destructive

make any

fall

than

sacrifice

into the

hands of the

we cannot say whether they

understood Phrenology or not, neither can we assert that they

cients being

ought rather

were ignorant thereof

;

the an-

such close observers of nature, we suppose that they were well ac-

to

quainted with both Phrenology and Physiognomy,

and many other sciences of which we have no idea. Pythagoras taught that the most ample and perfect gratification

was

joyment of moral and in order to suit the

to

be found in the enand

intellectual pleasures,

mind

for

such

qualities,

and

to render virtue possible in practice as well as in

theory,

recommended

disciples should in study,

be employed

in exercise,

young persons

that the tender years of his

are continually

and mind, indolence with will

in continual labour,

and in repose,

all its

in

unless

body

baneful influence,

destroy the perfection of both

mind.

for

employed

body and

Studies in either moral and intellectual

pursuits, if continued for too long a period will

produce a diseased body and a disordered mind

;


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. scarcely any individual

manner exactly

organised in the same

is

which

as another,

some man-

in

ner accounts for the difference of dispositions

some men the

139

in

;

intellectual faculties, in others the

moral sentiments, and in most propensities are

men

strongly developed

the animal

strong and healthy, and others are sickly in their constitutions,

some

;

are

weak and

useful and

it is

neof

cessary for the student to ascertain the extent his abilities.

It

appears from the study of Phre-

nology, that exercise of both body and mind

is

absolutely necessary to preserve the health of both, if

we

neglect

strength,

bodily activity

cultivate

unfit for the

and

necessary oc-

if

we

neglect our intellectual

faculties,

we

shall

cupations of

and moral society,

to

we become life,

and burthensome

brain, (says

Combe)

to

the

is

energy to the whole body,

become

unfit

ourselves.

for

" The

fountain of nervous

many persons

are

habitual invalids, without actually labouring under

any ordinary or recognised disease, solely from defective

system.

or

The

irregular

best

exercise

mode

of the

nervous

of increasing the strength

and energy of any organ and function

is

to exer-


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

140 cise

them regularly and

the

laws

is

of

their

judiciously, according to

constitution

;

punishment

consequence of disobeying the

the inevitable

organic laws of our constitution, therefore the

more intimately his

own

a

man becomes

acquainted with

organisation, the nearer will he be able

to judge of others,

contented he

is

and the happier and more

likely to

believe that there

is

be himself."

I verily

nothing new under the sun,

and that the nature of mankind was cultivated by the ancients to far greater perfection than likely to credit at present,

many

are

they not only culti-

vated the mind, but also paid particular attention to the health

and strength of the body,

portion as the animal health, strength, rits decline,

in

pro-

and

spi-

so does the functions of the

become enfeebled and

mind

unfit for the exercise of

those abilities which an individual possess in a sound state of health.

is

"

known

What

to

ob-

structions are to be found (says Lavater) in the

way of improvement, from the nature of our climates, in the

forms of our government and

education, in the polish and insincerity of our

manners, the unsubstantial aliments, the closeness


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

141

and heat of our apartments, the general use of pernicious liquors,

from our

a short but full

in this world,

be

little

A feeble

us

on

mind

in a

he that wants

sound body,

happy

description of a

else.'*

and his heart corrupted,

Lavater certain

is

mind

the student

who

physiognomy, must in the his eye

is

in the opinion

the most contemptible of beings

that

off all prejudice,

health and

state

either of these, will

the better of any thing

of

know

A sound

to

in his thoughts

smatterer in physiognomy, whose

is

learn

Locke

fathers.''

education, says, u is

concur alas to extinguish

all

poor remains of vigour transmitted

the

is first

;

it

anxious to place cast

must not be

evil, his

mind must not be impaired, he must and

the effects of a sympathetic feeling,

the language of the eyes and countenance

;

con-

versant with the different temperaments of various classes of individuals,

he must associate

in

all

conditions of society, he ought not to limit his

acquaintance to one

with

artists

circle,

he should associate

and those having a knowledge of

man, perfection in physiognomy

is

not to be at-

tained without long experience and experiments,


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

142

combined with the assistance of phrenology and astrology.

There have been many arguments urged

against the physiognomical opinions of different Particularly because Zopyrus the

individuals.

physiognomist said that Socrates was naturally of a licentious disposition,

and that his heart

was the most depraved, immodest, and corrupt, was

that ever

nearly

cost

in the

the

human

breast,

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

Socrates declared that

opinion

this

physiognomist his

life

and that he had corrected and curbed vicious

propensities by

;

but

his assertions were tiue, all

means of reason.

his

The

opinion of Zopyrus does not condemn the science of physiognomy, but shews that

he was too

hasty in giving his judgment, and that

if

Zopyrus

were as well acquainted with phrenology or with astrology

as

he was with

he would not have erred great Philosopher;

of the utility

each

;

there are

it is

physiognomy, that

in his opinion

also

of that

an argument in favour

of combining the knowledge of

some phrenologists

that cultivate

a knowledge of physiognomy, and find a satisfactory result.

The countenance

shews the emotions of the mind

;

it is

very

generally

not easy, says

_


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

143

a physiognomist, to screen dissimulation from the

we know the

observer,

bony

brows; as a of, it

individual cannot change his

outline, or the colour of his hair

man

can only do what he

because capacity

is

and eve-

is

capable

limited to a point at which

ceases, the physiognomist

must know that the

source of a great deal of disappointment proceeds

from our expecting more than persons are able to grant, or capable to

Can honesty be

fulfil.

ex-

pected from a knave, or roguish actions to belong to

an honest

lose

man

?

It is

certain that

some men

by being seen too near, and the same men

gain by a more intimate knowledge of them, there is

no

good the

man

so

qualities

bad but that he may possess some ;

foundation

an imperfect knowledge of of intolerance.

habits themselves, or those

Men

man is

of bad

who have been

often

deceived bv persons, are usually apt to think evil of others, on the other hand good

mankind

men

consider

generally better than they really are

as a general rule this

is

;

most valuable, " judge of

the tree by the fruit," pear trees do not produce apples,

neither

does

the

apple

plums, every thing in nature

tree

produce

produces and acts


HARMONY

144

according to

Run

OF ASTROLOGY,

quality, kind,

its

and

disposition.

over the whole kingdom of nature with a

rapid eye (says Voltaire), or confine yourself to a

comparison

of a

few of her productions, no

matter which, and you will find in

mation of

this

That

truth,

there

all

is

a confir-

a constant

harmony between internal powers and external sig?is.

Many

persons have expressed surprise that the

early years of Socrates should

have been spent in

drunkennese and disorderly propensities until he arrived at

24

years of age.

It

is

very

easily

accounted for in astrology, thedegreess of the sign

on his ascendant being run up

to another sign, the

planets in his nativity changing their signs from the earthy, fixed,

and watery trigons

to the aerial,

and

fiery,

and cardinal, which is frequently conspicuous

in nativities,

are powerful

strong evil qualities,

where the :

significators

and aspects

changing the course of

propensities

seeing

that

to powerful

the

concourse

life

from

and good of good

primary and secondary directions, in his nativity effected a different organization in the phreno-

logical point of view,

by a powerful developement


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. and moral

of the intellectual

have

nologists

found

faculties.

145 Phre-

organs that at one

the

period are obscure, in time become strongly developed, this proves the truth of the quotation,

" There

is

Phrenologists have

a constant/' &c.

often observed a great alteration in several organs

between 2 3 and 30 years of age. age

at

which the phrenologist

in his opinion

when

on

this

This

will be

is

an

most certain

and of course

subject,

a change takes place in the developement

of the faculties and propensities,

we

are to expect

an alteration in the disposition, the countenances of

men undergo in fact we

and

ideas of the

great changes and alterations,

change with our years, the

all

child

are different from the

man, and the young man aged, and from the old

differs

man

;

young

from the middle

the same individual

undergoes as many changes as the planets that rule those ages

D rules the

%

6th,

are different in

1st age,

h and

y

quality,

g 2nd, $ 3rd, 7th.

Š 4th,

as the

$

5th,

In harmony with the

changes of man, the planets are continually changing their places in the ecliptic,

all

moving on

in the

same order, continually changing every circum-

N


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

146

tance and day different from every other.

gnomy is one

Physio-

of the studies which an astrologer

is

obliged to be acquainted with, in order to distinguish the sort of person signified by the various planets,

not only are different classes of persons signified

by the same

planet,

caused by the aspects the

planet receives, but also from the nature of the different signs of the is

situated,

harmonise

with

phrenology

astrology.

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

is

found to

Astrological

and

physiognomy has long been observed

zodiacal

and

zodiac in which the planet

therefore

often used to assist in the rectification of a

nativity,

when

the time of birth

is

not exactly

known.

So

tible, that

an astrologer of experience can discover

precisely

is

the difference percep-

nearly the degree or part of the sign which as-

cended

from

at

the

the birth of the individual, as judged

appearance

personal

of the

peculiarity

of the

erudite author of the

who

are

individual.

and

The

Zodiacal Physiognomy

in one part of that valuable

persons

countenance

work

says,

" Those

born under the signs of the

watery and earthy trigons, often bear some re-

semblance

to foreigners

;

whilst those born under


;;

PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. the signs of the

persons)

fiery triplicity

particularly

are

English nation, which

Not only does

is

147

(which gives

characteristic

under the sign Aries. ''

particular individuals partake of

the physiognomy of the signs and planets

ascend or preside

and

signified

as,

England

fair

of the

by the is

that

but nations are ruled

at birth,

different signs of the zodiac

signified

by the

sign

Aries,

Ireland by Taurus, and cities are also signified

by the signs

;

Rome

under the regal sign Leo, and

London by Gemini, 24th degree

to the

particularly from the 10th

now

;

if evil

planets afflict

these signs, the kingdoms, or cities, and nations are

known

in

what

to suffer,

is

which

is

particularly observed

Mr. Varley

called state astrology.

has given several plates and figures in his work to describe the peculiarities that belong to each trigon.

Aries, Leo,

and Sagittarius, the

trigon; Taurus, Virgo,

fiery

and Capricorn the earthy;

Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius, the

aerial trigon

Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces the watery trigon. li

By

far the less

born under the its

numerous portion

fiery

and

aerial signs

of society ;

is

the world in

dispositions and habits, are governed chiefly

by


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

148

the earthy and melancholic saturnine, and the

watery

phlegmatic signs

;

while

the

superior

princes and nobles of the world, and the sublime

and poetical

writers,

emanate from the

painters,

fiery

and composers,

and regal trigon

under the humane and courteous

aerial

;

and

signs,

Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius, are mostly pro-

duced the professors and instructors of

music,

the fine arts, and the ceremonies and embellish-

ments of

We

and

life

civilization.'

have shewn that there

harmony between the physiognomy

is

science of phrenology and

a thousand cases

;

an inseparable

may be

cited

such as that of Socrates and Zopyrus, which proves, that to give a judgment in one

both must be consulted, which

by a few phrenologists their opinions

or

the

other,

a rule observed

that are very correct in

on the dispositions of individuals

an harmony no gical

is

less striking

between the astrolo-

judgment of the form and dispositions of

the planetary significations, of the celestial signs of the zodiac, of phrenology and of physiognomy, in

fact

physiognomy and phrenology cannot be

separated.

Neither can the astrological

signifi-

I


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. of persons

cators

phrenological

differ

from

thereof treating of individuals other,

;

meaning of rules,

both

the one assists the

and by the unity of each renders the mind

more competent us

the

and physiognomical

149

to

judge with accuracy, causing

use mathematical demonstration, beyond

to

which there can

exist

no doubt.

This subject

is

so varied, and the field of comparison so wide, that

it is

with difficulty that I can confine myself

within the prescribed limits

;

however,

I

cannot

refrain

from suggesting an idea that occurred to

me one

day, on observing the cast of a head facing

the east, and divided into various compartments

used for phrenological purposes.

There appears

a great analogy between the compartments or

organs as arranged in position by phrenologists,

and those of the heavens gers

;

which

as divided

by

astrolo-

they divide the diurnal arc of the heavens is

above the earth, from the eastern to the

western horizon, into six divisions or compart-

ments, and the nocturnal arc from the western horizon under the earth to the eastern horizon, also into six divisions or astrol ogv houses.

compartments, called

in

These divisions of the equator N 2


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

150

passing through the poles of the world, contain

30 degrees, each making 12 houses,

houses

six

above the horizon and six houses under the hori-

zon

;

just

call the

by the same reason

as

phrenologists

compartments of the head the place

or

houses the

locality of the organs, so are those

place of locality for the signs and planetary bodies therein, just as they

There

are

points called angles or ascendant,

happen

principal houses

four

;

to

be situated.

and cardinal

the cusp of the

the east point or angle

house, zenith, or south angle

;

first ;

house

the tenth

the seventh house,

or western horizon or angle; the fourth house or

nadir and north angle of the figure. gers, according to

Astrolo-

Ptolemy, consider the eastern

hemisphere to be the

superior portion of the

heavens, being far more powerful, famous, and active than the western

;

because in the eastern

grand division the planets and ascending when

stars are

always

in this part of the heavens,

and

introducing themselves into public notice, which

termed

division

is

sion

called occidental.

is

idea to the test

oriental,

we

and the western

divi-

In order to put this

perceive, according to

the


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY,

151

rules of phrenology, that the division of the brain,

situated from the orifice of the ear forward to-

wards the

east, is the

most superior part of the

brain, containing the intellectual and moral faculties,

and the posterior part of the brain, from the

orifice of the

ear towards the west angle, to con-

propensities

and

which, in the

first

tain the organs of the animal inferior region of the brain

;

instance was an encouragement to proceed are led to

compare

that, as the

:

we

development of

organs in the front part of the head conduce to the more illustrious advancement in this world, so do planets in this part of the heavens, accord-

ing to astrological doctrine, promote the same object.

Again, phrenologists divide the brain

into three general spheres of faculties lectual faculties,

the

;

the intel-

moral sentiments, and the

animal propensities, and as either of these great

compartments and

come and

exceed in development, quantity

quality, so does the principal action of

into

operation

configuration.

each

according to size, weight, Astrologers, according

to

Ptolemy, say that the intellectual faculties are

governed by the planet Mercury, as

first

ruler


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

152 and

significator

the moral and religious senti-

;

ments under

the

planet Jupiter

;

dominion of

the benevolent

and the animal inclinations and

propensities under the influence of the

Moon

and inasmuch as those planets harmonize and agree with each other in what

is

called

good

aspect of position, in proportionate and agreeable figures, so is perfection conferred

of the individual.

upon the mind

If the testimonies are discor-

dant or contrary, either in quality, position, or

amongst each

quantity, afflicted

by the

other,

and

nets, so does the

mind

suffer in point of

ments, inclinations, and propensities.

Mercury

as the planet

Venus

faculties, so

lody, joy, wit, tune,

mendable other,

is

positions,

and

Moon,

in

ruler of the intellectual

a co-ruler governing

is

and assisting the

bearing

me-

intellectual in

com-

testimony to each

good aspect with Jupiter, the Sun,

or each of them, the intellectual

ment

is

are in

good aspect

very superior

bativeness,

endow-

Inasmuch

These planets, when combined

faculties.

or

as they are

evil influence of the malific pla-

in

to

;

if

Mars

endow-

Mercury and Venus (or the organ of

phrenology),

it

confers

com-

a great


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. acuteness to spirit

and determination

lities

into effect

tion.

The Sun

the

good qua-

with a martial and firm resoluco-ruler with the planet

is

Ju-

moral and religious qualities or sen-

piter of the

timents,

to carry those

153

giving a

the intellectual faculties,

and Saturn and Mars are co-rulers with

Moon

nations,

over the animal propensities and inclithe planet

as

Mercury

the planet

does the

culties, so

Venus harmonizes with ruling the intellectual fa-

in

Sun harmonise with the planet

Jupiter as co-ruler of the moral sentiments.

The

vSun usually personates, according to the rules of astrology, kings, princes, judges,

persons, and

deur, the

significator of

is

Sun being

and

church, justice,

is

significator

priests, religion,

superior

the centre of the solar system,

the great fountain of heat and light.

Jupiter

all

honour and gran-

of the

judges,

&c.

Do

The

planet

dignitaries of the

benevolence,

truth,

not these two most

ponderous bodies of the solar system inspire us with wonder, marvellousness, hope, veneration, consentiousness, and

been worshipped people as gods

;

in

benevolence

?

Both

former ages by the

have

common

the planet Jupiter as the god of


J

HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

54

benevolence and justice, and the life

to

and

spirit of

Sun

as the sole

the heavens, which will be found

harmonise in signification with the organs be-

longing to the moral sentiments as arranged by phrenologists.

The

mal propensities

co-significators of the

are the planets

the organ of destructiveness), and the organ of combativeness) effects destruction

fury,

by

;

extensive,

If these

organs are

and the lunar region and

destruction

likely result

(ruling

but Mars by violence,

and combativeness.

strongly developed,

Mars

the planet Saturn

;

secretiveness, coldness, de-

and death

liberation,

ani-

Saturn (ruling

murder

will

from the combined influence or

also

most testi-

monies of the animal powers and organs when brought into operation

;

but

if

the planets

cury and Venus are in power, and in

Mer-

a friendly

aspect or position, with the planet Jupiter and the

Sun, predominating in quality and quantity over the animal development, then will the action, of

the good faculties overcome the evil propensities, just as the phrenologist says that the intellectual faculties

and moral sentiments are more strongly

formed and developed than the animal propensi-


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. ties,

consequently

is

it

an argument

alone,

would require a volume

exists

to

in favour of

This subject,

the actions of such. an individual.

requisite

155

to state the facts

and define the analogy that

class

Many

between astrology and phrenology.

persons are of opinion that a knowledge of these sciences will elucidate

many

matters in natural

philosophy, which have not been taken into consideration.

We

shall

comparison

proceed with the

of

the angles in the natal figure of the heavens,

and the organs that appear be located in them

;

in

the

the eastern angle

plate is

to

termed

the ascendant, because the sun, stars, and planets are

first

observed to ascend above the horizon in

heavens

this part of the

house of

life,

tary positions

and

and signs in

zodiacal or planetary vidual.

When Mars

rally indicates a

mark

ing to the number of

he

is

;

Venus

is

also

called the

this house, defines the

physiognomy of the is

indi-

in this house he gene-

or scar on the face, accord-

mundane degrees

posited, either higher

the face.

it

often, according to the plane-

up

or lower

in

which

down on

in the ascendant at birth, par-


HARMONY

156

ticularly if in the

OF ASTROLOGY,

sign Libra,

beautiful round face, inclining

usually gives a to

oval,

with a

dimple or other graceful mark on the countenance.

Mr, Varley,

nomy, has given this part of

In

in

his

Zodiacal Physiog-

specimens to

several

illustrate

physiognomy.

this, the first

house or ascendant, we notice

the perceptive faculties are located and exercised to

observe

all

things that

themselves to our view,

ascend

we judge

resistance, colour, form, arrangement

the quality of the ascendant

long to this class

and

;

or

present

of their weight,

maybe

and

order,

said to be-

individuality, love for variety,

desire of being

or passing events,

acquainted with ascending therefore these faculties are

based upon the eyes and language by

which

they are brought into operation.

This house

also said to be the house of

the nostrils

is

are located in this house,

we

life,

are told in Genesis,

that "life was breathed into the nostrils

by his Creator, and he became a

living

of

man

soul

;''

the eyes and the perceptive faculties are particularly useful to

and

to defend

man, his

in order to preserve his

life,

head and face from injuries


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

1.57

and accidents, the eyes are continually on the watch, assisted by language, and the ears, to avert approaching

in order

danger, or to gratify the

intellectual or animal desires.

are in trine to the eyes

The

man

ears of

and perceptive

faculties,

forming also a triangle by the chin, the

poinfc

or

end of things as regards the countenance, and

when

adds

strongly developed, this feature often

a shrewd sharpness to the decision and expressions of the individual, and

and not

when

in character with the

folly instead

proportioned

of shrewdness will be the result of

the individual's conclusions.

served by some subject, that

ill

jaw-bone and face,

persons

It

has been ob-

acquainted

what Physiognomy

with

declares,

very seldom entirely contradicted either

this it

is

by the

Phrenological or Astrological judgment, on the contrary, most generally confirmed on a minute

and deliberate examination of each, which has led

me from

various experiments to express

my

opinion in favour of the harmony that exists

between these sciences.

We shall next

take the

south angle, zenith or mid-heaven, into consideration.

In astrology this angle signifies, pro-

o


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

158

the house of kings, princes,

dignity,

fession,

governors, and

all

men

in authority, the

highest

degree of eminence in the figure, the angle of

honour

and being in the highest point, and

;

midst of heaven, and in a spiritual sense of the word, the Deity Himself; on reference to the

we

diagram,

perceive in this elevated angle of

the heavens, the moral sentiments ruled by the planet Jupiter and the

Sun

are located here!

the organ of veneration, supported by the trine

on each side of marvellousness, or wonder, on

one

and on the other

side,

justice or

side

conscientiousness.

by the organs of Astrologians and

theologians are well acquainted that the equilateral triangle signifies

ship.

It

harmony, perfection, and friend-

appears that this angle

in bearing testimony to

is

not deficient

the analogy that

exists

Phrenological head with

in the position of the

can any thing be more

the Astrological figure

;

classical than that the

organ of veneration should

be located on the highest point of the head, and in the midst of all the other faculties,

cur to grateful

support and maintain sentiment

?

this

which connoble

In the astrological

and

figure


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. this angle

is

situated

in

159

highest point and

the

midst of heaven, being the tenth house thereof,

and preceded on one side by the ninth house, the house of religion

and

science,

and succeeded

by the eleventh house on the other

the

side,

house of friends, assistance, and hopes, so that

whether we consider the organs which surround the nature and sig-

the organ of veneration, or

nifications of the houses in aspect

and on each

side the

mid-heaven or south angle, we cannot

but

convinced that a certain analogy

feel

which to

will

make

become the more evident

the comparison

western angle

is

of agreement.

that part

exists,

we seek

as

or division

The of the

heavens, in and above the point of the western horizon,

it

is

numbered

the

heaven by astrologers, and or

compartment

allotted

lovers, the persons with

seventh house of signifies

for wife,

whom we

the house

husband, or

are in partners,

the public foes, or open enemies of the native it

;

has also signification of the place we travel

to,

we wish

to

or the house and country in which reside

;

a division of the posterior part of the

head and brain

is

located in this angle

or

astro-


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

160

logical house.

The

nature of the

animal pro-

arranged by phrenology appear to

pensities as

correspond with the signification of this angle, here

we have

the organ of inhabitiveness,

or

concentrativeness, which imparts a strong desire

(when

some particular

well developed) for

person, an eagerness to settle in

matrimonial alliance. love of offspring,

a near

life,

Philoprogenitiveness or

also located here,

is

affinity to the

place,

or to form

desire

which has

of lovers, partners,

or wives, the organ of attachment

is

also

associ-

ated with this concourse in the western angle, and

seventh house, thus forming the social portion of this

angle.

destructiveness,

the western

The are

field,

strongly developed,

organs combativeness and rather retired, but

in

are

opponents

and

the

public

open enemies of such individuals often effects of their

still

and when these organs

utility,

feel the

and when blended with

the moral and intellectual faculties, give a noble

and manly

spirit to

overcome every obstacle by

perseverance and activity, but the animal propensities,

it

when united with

inclines to

overcome


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. difficulties

by destruction, violence, persecution,

and sometimes death of the opposing

The

161

which

nadir, or north angle,

party. is

under the

earth and horizon, being perpendicular thereto,

and

the opposite point to the south angle

is

;

astrologers call this north angle the fourth house. It is

an occult house of the

first

order, wherein

things are hidden from our view and secret. is

termed the Father's House of Life.

land,

It

Estates,

and houses, from the father; mines and

secret places, the wife's angle of honour. this angle the brain is supplied with blood

From by the

great arteries from this house, and from which

the nerves communicate their action to the brain,

by which means the whole system of phrenology is

brought into action, and the functions of the

brain are kept alive.

It

is

generally allowed

that unless the act of a father concurs, the child

cannot be formed or produced, therefore is

if

that

the case there cannot be anything more appro-

priate than the fluids

existence, are

by

and nerves communicating

this act

brought into energy,

proceeding from the father's house of istence.

This appears in

o 2

order and

life

or ex-

harmony


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

162

with the signification of both in the astrological

The

and phrenological point of view.

descen-

dants of royalty and kings are usually denoted by

which

or styled princes of the royal blood,

title

proceeds from the father's house, and that

legiti-

mate honours usually proceed from

angle,

which applies both

this

nobles and commoners,

to

being descended from a high family or usually are attended with

parents,

illustrious

titles,

land,

property, and possessions, proceeding from the father's

Now

house or north angle.

it

appears

evident that the functions of the brain depend entirely

from

upon the support and

this

house or angle,

and energy

to the

assistance received

in order to diffuse life

whole system

;

and

as the sup-

is

diminished in quantity or

vitiated in quality, so

must the organization of

ply from this angle

the individual suffer in a greater or less degree in a phrenological point of view, and

monises as regards property,

how

this har-

estates, possessions,

&c. inherited from the father or fourth house. Astrology teaches us thus part of phrenology, that

if

much

regarding this

the organs be ever so

well developed in the head and brain, that their


PHRENOLOGY. AND PHYSIOGNOMY. force,

power, and

strength,

1(53

operation, will

be

only in proportion as they are supplied from this

and

the nerves

house,

arteries,

and

regards

as

property and estates the quality of the blood and nerves, and

all

things inherited from the father.

For instance, the organ of benevolence may be strongly

oood

developed and

qualities, the intellectual

in the brain

of

with

associated

and moral organs

man descended from

a

other

obscure

parents in poverty, what would that avail for the

mankind

benefit of

serve

not

to

make

having

his desire,

it

which

circumstance. individual life,

land

in

But

full effect

creatures.

to

miserable by

according to

to act

us suppose that the said

let

an

in

and supplied from

qualities will

would actually

bv no means an uncommon

was born

estates,

it

man more

power

his is

â&#x20AC;&#x201D;

large?

at

the poor

elevated position

this angle

&c. then

this

by

his revenues,

individual's

become conspicuous, and have benefit

Not onlv

his is

in

countrymen

the strength

or

good their

fellow-

and bodily

health of an individual to be taken into account

bv phrenologists, but the wealth and pecuniary circumstances ou^ht

at

all

times to be regarded.


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

164 There

many men who

are

are actually living in a

state of starvation

and cannot form an idea of what

their organization

is

until they are supplied with

the necessary nourishment to bring the circulation of the blood

and the nervous system into

operation.

We

members of

society are obscured from the view of

many worthy

cannot doubt but

the world, in an intellectual point of view, and in

a worldly sense, despised, not for anything more criminal there

than

among us

who would

" poverty alone."

But who

is

that is possessed of manly feelings,

not endeavour to advance the objects

of a science that teaches us to discern the valuable portion of society,

and

to bring

them

and

situation to benefit themselves,

into a

at the

same

time to promote the general good of society

Wealth virtue, rally

is

and talented individuals

observed in

propensities

and

the

;

those persons

it is

most gene-

whose animal

acquisitiveness, self-esteem

other organs in operation, in life,

?

not always the attendant of wisdom,

make

and

a rapid advance

and obtain the good things thereof, whilst

man

of intellectual and moral

wading through

difficulties

and

endowments

is

privations, per-


PHUENOL' GV, AND PHYSIOGNOMY.

165

haps labouring for the good of his fellow-creaduring the period that the other individual

tures, is

amassing riches, and indulging himself

manner of rude and

recreations

man

man

by accumulating wealth,

infatuated

;

his

wants,

the illiterate

man

is is

it

the

but when the

of learning has got sufficient property

which he enjoys

the

of

contrast

far superior to

to

happiness

any pleasure

capable of imagining

wisdom rewarded by leading us

ness,

is

they do not scruple to call

:

men mad and

supply

is

all

the

of learning that wealth

one thing needful

such

in

As

portions of society raise them-

illiterate

selves in the world

proves to the

and enjoyments.

;

thus

to true happi-

which can only be derived from the exercise

of the intellectual faculties and moral sentiments, all

other enjoyments are merely transitory

compared with

it,

greatest philosophers. ject

;

when

according to the opinion of the

But

to return to the sub-

we have only considered

the analogy of the

angles with the head and brain, but to consider all the astrological houses

if

we were

we should

find that they all bear equal testimony to the first

idea thereof.


166

HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

In the second house of heaven we perceive the

mouth and chin

located

in

signifies

jewels,

money, and moveable

riches,

house, which

this

goods, this organ chiefly belongs to the physiognomist's consideration.

Perhaps the portion of

the brain hidden from our view, and pointing to this

may shew

house,

the form of the

the

mouth

described by the

mouth

organic

is

qualities

physiognomist;

to the

considered one of the

most expressive features of the

face.

Men

are

generally guided in their language and expressions

by the nature and extent of

wealth

;

the boaster

feature, the

man

known by

is

their riches or

the form of this

capable of keeping a secret, and

who

the language of those

exult to degrade and

oppress those persons that misfortune has placed in a capacity under

feature alone, with

them its

:

the various forms of this

signification,

would require

the pen of a Shakspeare or a Byron to describe.

But

in those

who

are fortunate

enough to have a

well developed formation of mouth to

it

will

be found

harmonize with the organ benevolence

at

one

point, and with amativeness or love in the other

point,

in

exact

trine

to

each

other;

it

will


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. generally be observed that

167

when benevolence

is

well developed

and associated with other good

organs that the

mouth

of such individual

is

language or words from the house of produces a noble

generally

house

well

Benevolence expressed by harmonious

formed.

signifies

relatives,

wealth

The

effect.

third

neighbours, and short

journeys for business and pleasure; the under part of the chin, throat, and in this division

person

is

how

;

often

jaw bone

is

located

said that such a

is it

held up by the chin, either by relatives

or neighbours.

Men

often hold

up

their chin if

they happen to be the distant relatives of a Lord or

Duke,

let their

circumstances be ever so

perceive

I

ble.

the

organ

of

hum-

gustativeness

situated to the front of destructiveness, and under

the organ

acquisitiveness,

(signifies,

food or appetite) this organ points

desire

of

towards this

house, short journeys for pleasure, and to dine

out with relatives or friends

is

appropriate, and

proves that each science will unfold each other as

we

trace their

analogy.

house of pleasure,

which

is

In the

children,

fifth

house, or

embassies, &c. in

located the organ of amativeness, fond-


J

HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

68

ness for pleasure, propagating the species, and

other pleasures which

are necessary to

spirit of this influential organ,

all

uphold the

and when harmo-

nised with benevolence well developed, the person

then delights in giving pleasure to others, and

making them happy, jolly, and comfortable.

The sixth house signifies sals, sickness,

siveness

servants, tenants, vas-

and small animals; the organ adhe-

or attachment belongs

to

this

house.

Persons are usually attached to their servants, vassals,

and

tenants,

attachment

excessive

sundry propensities, especially those located this

part of

sickness or

heavens,

the

The

disease.

The

been mentioned.

often

will

seventh

eighth

house

to in

produce

house has is

said to

be the house of death, being an occult house,

and the house of our opponent's destructiveness and affinity for the

house of death.

located

The ninth house

the organ conscientiousness

signifies religion, in

riches, the organs

secretiveness have a strong

this house,

firmness in the cause of religion.

house of heaven

and expectations

is

;

is

supported by veneration,

the house

The

eleventh

of friends, hopes,

the organs of hope are in trine


PHRENOLOGY, AND PHYSIOGNOMY. to benevolence

169

which harmonizes with expectations

The

and friendship.

twelfth

house

signifies the

place of private enemies, imprisonment, affliction, large cattle, great machines, locomotive engines,

&c,

the organ of constructiveness, ideality,

parison,

com-

and many of the organs in the front

part of the brain are required for the use of this

This subject may be

heavens.

division of the

and other views of the head

enlarged,

greatly

taken as respects the figure.

The

author of the Zodiacal Planisphere has

remarked that

ear

is

in the

We

is

view of a front face in the placed as a judge, one

plaintiff's or

and the other house, that

in the

man when

diagram for a

complainant's house,

in the defendant's or opponent's

one ear for each side of the question.

then perceive

the noble faculties located

all

in the

house of justice and honour, with compa-

rison

in

the

exerted

centre,

distinguish between right and

some persons may not analogy

at

the

first

to

discover

wrong

;

and

although

discern the testimonies of

view, experience will prove

that neither the science of astrology, phrenology, or

physiognomy

are delusions invented

by mad.


HARMONY OF ASTROLOGY,

170 men.

&C.

must appear evident that the Babylo-

It

nians and Chaldeans would not have preserved the observations of the heavenly bodies for so

many and

years,

to

if

it

was not

compare the

to cultivate astrology,

effects

of the planets and

and then from the

aspects at

different periods,

experience

and observations in the course of

several rules

hundred years they were enabled

which have been handed down

to

form

to posterity,

and from which the ancients and moderns have derived

limits prescribed

stars

Moses

Astrology goes far

by phrenology or

says, that the sun,

moon,

were not only created to give

light,

physiognomy and

advantages.

great

beyond the

;

but to bear rule both by day and night, for signs,

and

for seasons, for days

and

for years.

FINIS.

MILTON PRESS

:

J.

NICHOLS, 9, CHANDOS STREET, STRAND.


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O assistente do aluno em astronomia ano 1805 publicado 1836  

e astrologia ... Também um discurso sobre a harmonia da frenologia, astrologia, e fisionomia

O assistente do aluno em astronomia ano 1805 publicado 1836  

e astrologia ... Também um discurso sobre a harmonia da frenologia, astrologia, e fisionomia

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