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MAROON The student newspaper of the University of Chicago since 1892


City of light, city on strike

MIDTERM MADNESS Viewpoints writers weigh in, p. 6 CAMPUS LIFE

Campus diners lack late night appetite By Hans Glick News Staff


rotesters riot near the central statue at Paris's Place de la Republique last Thursday, two days after the French Senate passed a controversial retirement bill. Turn to page 2 for a look at how the University's study abroad program has dealt with Paris's civil unrest.




iPad program ups Rhymefest drums up resident productivity campaign for alderman seat By Ivy Perez MAROON Staff

By Crystal Tsoi News Staff

The University of Chicago Medical Center (UCMC) is adding a personal touch to its patient care. A touch screen, that is. Internal medicine residents are now equipped with iPads slung around their necks in an effort to keep residents at the bedside— and away from stationary computers that suck up time spent entering patient information. After a two-and-a-half month pilot program in which some of the busiest doctors in the UCMC residency program were given iPads and told to use them as their primary device for clinical use, the iPads are now provided for all current residents. The decision was made primarily to improve efficiency and thus increase bedside time with residents. “The most important point of care and point of learning is at the bedside,” said Bhakti Patel, the chief resident at the UCMC. According to Patel, participating residents were much more efficient within the first two to three days of the pilot program. iPads eliminate the need for residents to continually go to a computer to access or enter information into a patient’s file. Before the iPads, nurses who called residents with discrete questions would have to write them down, then try to get to a computer to review the patient’s file, order the necessary tests, and then go speak to the patient. “For the first time,” Patel said, residents are “delivering care in real time.” Of 115 residents in the internal medicine program, 105 currently have iPads for use in the hospital, with the rest get-

Grammy Award–winning rapper Che Smith, a.k.a. Rhymefest, hopes to become the next Alderman of the 20th ward. Smith, who co-wrote the Grammywinning song “Jesus Walks” with Kanye West, said he wants to make history as the “first rapper to ever win an elected office.” Smith wants to connect constituents with the resources available to them. “We have to connect the village with the ivory tower and the ivory tower to the village. There’s no reason that people born on 63rd Street [never go inside] the International [House] building. There’s no reason that they don’t know the resources before them. So my priorities are to connect the legislature of the aldermanic office and the community back together, to connect the University and the community back together.” Smith cited disenfranchisement, disengagement, violence, and people losing their homes as critical issues in the 20th ward. “There are a lot of services that people aren’t receiving. Our ward is one of the largest foreclosures of homes,” he said. The hip-hop artist announced his candidacy October 21 in Woodlawn. The aldermanic election will be held February 22. Smith said he wants to use his unconventional background as both a hip-hop artist and a former community correctional supervisor to solve problems in his community, and he believes his music background will open “the door for people who are creative to come in to have creative

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Although more students are turning out for late-night dining at Hutch as the quarter moves on, the program is still attracting only a fraction of the business it would need to sustain itself, according to data from last year’s pilot project. Late-night dining at Hutch, which includes breakfast meals, pizza, and subs offered Monday through Thursday from 9 p.m. to midnight, needs around 200 transactions each night to break even. Though the number of recorded transactions is growing, only 234 were made during all of fourth week, Director of Campus Dining Richard Mason said, or an average of 60 transactions a night. Late night dining is offered four nights a week. But compared to the 179 transactions made during second week, the 30 percent growth in turnout suggests hope for the program. “Steady growth is what I would characterize it as,” said Mason, who chairs the Campus Dining Advisory Board (CDAB) responsible for developing the program. “If it were to continue on that trend, it seems like we’ll get there.”

When late-night dining options were first offered at Hutch during a one-week pilot program in the spring, turnout didn’t reach the target number to continue the program. Despite the underwhelming response, CDAB decided to reintroduce the program for the current school year to meet the campus need for dining open past 9 p.m. “Obviously there is a significant difference between the pilot and our experience to this point,” said Mason, adding that the pilot averaged 148 transactions, two-and-a-half times more than the current numbers, each night. But he added that profitability might have to take the backseat this year as the program addresses longstanding campus needs. “[Late-night dining] is a consistent issue, an important issue.. . We try to look at it in its totality,” Mason said. “If we could average somewhere between 150 and 200 [students] a night—that would be ideal. If the number settled lower than that but was consistent, I think we could then evaluate it within the broader context of the type of services offered.” But if demand for late-night dining at Hutch doesn’t pick up, the finan-

HUTCH continued on page 2


U of C begins removal of CTS stained glass By Jonathan Lai News Staff

Hip hop artist Rhymefest is running for alderman of Chicago's 20th ward. JONATHAN LAI/MAROON

solutions to common problems.” Some of that creativity may come from the U of C; Smith hopes to encourage a more cohesive relationship between his constituents and the students of the University, whom he sees as very valuable resources to youth in the 20th ward. “I want to make sure that a little girl in Englewood, that is born in the ghetto of Englewood, can get a degree from the University of Chicago.” Current 20th–ward alderman Willie Cochran told the Chicago Sun-Times in an October 21 article that Smith wouldn’t advocate for the community. “The voters of the 20th Ward know the difference between a professional public administrator doing an outstanding job for opposed to someone who is a known hip hop artist who degrades women and promotes violence in his videos,” he said. Cochran couldn’t be reached by the

RHYMEFEST continued on page 4

Multiple stained glass windows were removed last week from the 5757 South University Avenue building that currently houses the Chicago Theological Seminary (CTS) and Seminary Co-op Bookstore. The glass will be incorporated into CTS’s new building, under construction south of the Midway at East 60th Street and South Dorchester Avenue, a stipulation included in the sale of the building

to the University. The removal of the several large stained glass windows is the first physical step of the University’s “adaptive reuse” plan to renovate the 5757 South University building in order to house the Milton Friedman Institute for Research in Economics (MFIRE), a plan that has drawn flak from Hyde Parkers for devastating a beautifully ornate building with a rich history. Jack Spicer, resident of Hyde Park and president of the Preservation

5757 continued on page 4

The University has begun moving the Hilton Chapel's stained glass windows, which will be placed in the new Chicago Theological Seminary building. MATT BOGEN/MAROON


CHICAGO MAROON | NEWS | November 5, 2010


At Shedd, experts say Students in Paris avoid strikes, riots Additionally, Merritt said students should American oil dependence By Camille van Horne not go to Starbucks, the Hard Rock Cafe, or M Staff McDonald’s, since, being Americans, they spurred Deepwater spill AROON

By Crystal Tsoi News Staff American oil dependence pushed the Deepwater oil rig to its breaking point, sending the American marine ecosystem into havoc, said a panel of oil experts at Shedd Aquarium Wednesday evening. The panel, sponsored by the University of Chicago Program on Global Environment, discussed the future of America’s oil dependence and the effects of the spill in the Gulf. It was moderated by environmental researcher Reuben Keller, a lecturer at the U of C, and sponsored in conjunction with the Shedd Aquarium, which hosted the event. The Deepwater spill has affected those far away from the site, including Chicago business owners—the Gulf produces 1.3 billion pounds of seafood annually, and the region’s oil sustains much of our domestic consumption. “The Gulf of Mexico is the gas station for this nation,” as well as its sushi bar, said Dr. Larry McKinney, executive director of the Harte Research Institute of Texas A & M University. Ihor Hlohowskyj, an environmental scientist from Argonne National Laboratory, opened the event with a discussion on the United States’ dependency on oil. Hlohowskyj said American oil consumption has been increasing since the 1950s, and increases in production during the middle of the century couldn’t keep up. “As a result, we have had to import oil from foreign sources,” Hlohowskyj said. And energy consumption is on the rise, according to Hlohowskyj. The majority of the United States’ energy usage is derived mainly from three fossil fuel sources: oil, natural gas, and coal. The Gulf accounts for 25 percent of all oil produced in the U.S. For the past few years, it has been producing around an average of 450 million barrels a year. The Alaskan pipeline, a major source of domestic oil production, is expected to run dry in the near future, and troubled Gulf of Mexico fields have emerged as one of the most lucrative locations for extracting fossil fuels. America’s urgent need to reduce its oil–trade gap forces it to press domestic sources to the breaking point, according to McKinney. “Every president has a national policy of moving away from the dependency on foreign oil,” McKinney said. But none has delivered, and researchers say American oil dependence and complacent regulators contributed to the Gulf spill. McKinney said we have essentially “learned nothing” from previous oil spills, such as the Exxon Valdez accident. “Usually, you don’t associate success with oil spills,” said Dr. Ilze Berzins, a veterinarian at Shedd Aquarium, but she painted a more promising picture in terms of the extensive rescue efforts to save wildlife affected by the spill. Scientists have identified 16,000 plant and animal species in the Gulf of Mexico, and Berzins, Shedd’s executive vice president for Animal Health, Conservation, Research and Education, emphasized that many organisms affected by oil spills fly under the public radar, unlike the familiar pictures of oil-soaked birds and water mammals. “It’s not just what we see on the shores. The surface waters, the water calm, the bottom, the beaches, the wetlands, and estuaries are all impacted,” she said. Effects on fish spawning and toxicity issues for smaller animals are also a concern. But rescue efforts in the Gulf have yielded results. As of November 2, about 1,200 sea turtles have been rescued and 400 have been released. Dogs trained to sniff out turtle eggs have helped locate over 29,000 eggs, of which 15,000 have been hatched and released. Delicate ecosystems have been affected but McKinney has faith that these systems will recover. Although the extent of the damage is still unclear, he said prospects for wildlife look promising.

As University of Chicago students fulfill their Core requirements at the Paris Center, France has erupted in protest over a recent bill to change the retirement age. Riots and strikes have not affected the study abroad programs deeply, but have left U of C students conflicted about their experience in Paris, even as teachers point to nearby clashes as a lesson in living history. “Rioting is a mode of expression which is fundamentally French, and Americans who study French culture in Paris should certainly question their relationship with a national conflict of this kind,” Paris Center language coordinator Sylvie Garnier said. The controversial bill calls for an increase in the retirement age, from 60 to 62 for a minimum pension and 65 to 67 for a full pension. The bill has already passed the French Senate, and will go into effect in July. Protests have broken out in France’s major metropolitan areas in response and, with oil refinery strikes, have compromised the domestic transportation system and raised questions concerning France’s social and political climate. The strikes have taken a toll on the everyday life of Parisians. Oil refineries remain closed, gasoline is in short supply, ports are blocked, and clashes between police officers and demonstrators disrupt the streets. With 75 students at the Paris Center this fall— the largest U of C facility abroad—both parents and students have raised questions regarding the center’s security. “The center has been monitoring the situation in regards to the transportation and trips, and how the strikes will affect the students’ arrivals to class,” Paris Center Program Assistant Arnaud Hedin said. According to Martha Merritt, associate dean for International Education, the Center has been vigilant in analyzing the conflicts and introducing an appropriate response. “Based on our daily contact with the U.S. State Department and our seven-person group in Paris, we do not feel that the raised alert recommends any particular change in our programming or activities. But we know that the situation overall may have resulted in concern and inconvenience for you,” Merritt wrote in her e-mail. E-mailing from Chicago, Merritt further said students should never engage in action that suggests any link to a demonstration, especially in a “period of international stress.” While the riots in France are not necessarily dangerous, the police have been known to lash out against protesters, and these events have also attracted violent behavior by vandals. “Riots can be very dangerous if one is not informed,” Garnier said. An October 13 outing to the Sainte-Chapelle, a Gothic chapel in the heart of Paris, was rescheduled at the last minute due to strikes. The SainteChapelle did not open its doors to the public that day because its unionized employees did not show up to work. The Study Abroad office sent an e-mail to students and parents, providing advice on how to proceed in times of unusual activity abroad. “NEVER engage in action that could appear to suggest your participation in a demonstration, such as walking along with protesters.,” Merritt wrote.

could be targeted by demonstrators. That advice was mainly related to “the heightened security alert more than the transport strike, but at times of social upheaval, it seems a fairly painless precaution not to hang out at Pizza Hut or Starbucks or McDonald’s for a time,” Merritt said in an interview. The unrest has raised questions for those involved in the three programs of study now in Paris—European Civilization in English, European Civilization in French, and African Civilization— though it isn’t clear students are willing to engage. Sylvie Garnier noticed different responses among students. “My students had a hard time grasping the reasons that drove the French people to the streets in protest,” Garnier said. “Among certain students, there was a mocking smile and, among others, an expression of discontent, for they felt that their daily lives were being interrupted.” Many students were apprehensive about the strikes and demonstrations. Fourth-year Miko Shepherd said that she made an effort to avoid large crowds and admitted that she had very little

interest in seeing the protests firsthand. “I have certainly been aware of the strikes and have made a conscious effort to avoid large crowds,” said Shepherd, highlighting the cultural and language barriers that prevented her from taking interest in the cause and made her feel uncomfortable. Fourth-year Ramona Martinez was frustrated by the situation: “The strikes made it much harder to get around and, during their height, I couldn’t visit Paris, so I was either at school or back at the dorms.” Martinez said she felt slighted by the inconvenience. “I have no interest in the future of France. If anything, I don’t support those who strike out of spite because they’ve made my life difficult.” Martinez canceled plans to go to Barcelona for fear that she would not be able to reenter the country. But many professors see the upheaval as a learning experience, and said students should take an active interest in the Paris riots that are indicative, they said, of a deeper social current which stems from the French Revolution. “The French are from a country in which strikes are a mode of achieving social justice,” Garnier said.

Despite prodding from their teachers to observe the unrest in Paris, many University of Chicago students have stayed away. Administrators rescheduled one event because of the riots. CAMILLE VAN HORNE/MAROON

Subway, then breakfast food most popular offerings late at night HUTCH continued from front page cial viability of the program may be called into question, Mason said. Although Student Government has been spearheading the program, they’re not involved with making up the lost profits. “Aramark and dining services seems to be committed to carrying out these services for the year,” ORCSA director Sharlene Holly said. “We’re an important contract to them.” Mason said the main problem was a lack of awareness. “Right now I don’t think we’ve

got the word out yet,” he said. While word of mouth has played a part in the growth of Hutch late-night dining to date, Mason said that a marketing campaign based on student input is in the works for later this year. Once interest in the program has grown sufficiently, CDAB will consider tweaking the food offerings themselves. So far, Subway has been the most popular option. Coming in at number two are the breakfast items, which Mason described as “doing OK.” Sales at the grill station, on the other hand,

are lagging. CDAB monitors student opinion on the types of products being offered through surveys and focus groups, Mason said. Mason said some students would like Hutch to be open even later into the evening. While further extending Hutch’s hours would help those burning the midnight oil, Mason cautions that doing so would pose a number of logistical and personnel problems. It’s a question of “how late is late, and what’s the demand at that level?” Mason said. --Additional reporting by Adam Janofsky


CHICAGO MAROON | NEWS | November 5, 2010


Students earn U of C a C+ on green report card Student involvement, admin work boost sustainability score from a C last year By Willy Hu News Staff The University received a C+ from the “College Sustainability Report Card” without participating in the survey, an examination of 300 universities nationwide conducted by the Sustainable Endowments Institute (SEI). The grade is the University’s highest in the five years that the report card has been released, tying the grade from 2009. The survey measures 43 indicators across 9 categories to determine a school’s sustainability practices. Last year, the University received a C. “The University chose not to participate in the survey this year,” said Ilsa Flanagan, the University of Chicago’s Director of Sustainability. “We have significant con-

cerns regarding the survey’s methodology, its shifting priorities, and the lack of transparency.” The report docked the University of Chicago on “Climate Change and Energy,” lowering its grade in that category from a C to a D, despite a $2.5–million gift from Jim and Paula Crown to improve sustainable practices on campus. “This is a good example of the questionable results that their survey methodology produces and why we chose to opt out of participating,” Flanagan said. Other schools that did not participate in the survey include John Hopkins University (C+), Columbia University (B+), New York University (B), and Tufts University (B). These universities, along with about two dozen other universities, signed a letter directed towards the SEI, agreeing to work

with a green rating system that adheres to eight principles, including making the rating process open, using uniform measurements, and allowing colleges to opt out. The University of Chicago did not sign the letter, but supports the skepticism and wariness of the ratings. “Given that we didn’t complete the survey, I find it remarkable that our grade actually went up,” Flanagan said. The Office of Sustainability recently completed its own survey of sustainability practices, examining over 500 indicators of sustainability on campus. “Universities have varying definitions of sustainability and areas of focus,” Flanagan said. “Our priorities at the moment are in high–performance buildings, energy efficiency and conservation, climate planning, and peer education,” she said.

The University of Chicago ties with Northwestern for the lowest grade given by the report to a school in Illinois. The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scored a B while Loyola University of C h i c a g o r e c e i v e d a n A - . Te n s ch o o l s received As, including Yale University and the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The University received the same or better grades in every category except “Climate Change and Energy” and “Transportation,” which went down from an A to a B. Its Student Involvement grade went from to a C to an A; its Administration grade from a C to a B, its Green Building grade from a D to a C, and its Transparency category from an F to a D. The SEI is located in Cambridge, MA, and is a subsidiary of the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors.



Panel: U of C should recruit American Indians

"Beagle" supercomputer nears completion

By Janet De La Torre News Contributor In front of an audience of four people, a panel of experts discussed the lack of interest and support for American Indian students at Chicago universities at an OMSA–sponsored event at 5710 South Woodlawn Avenue Wednesday evening. One of the three panelists, Scott Stevens, director of the D’Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian and Indigenous Studies at the Newberry Library, argued that the U of C’s history as a Eurocentric university is not accommodating to American Indian studies. “It’s part of a Midwestern regional thing, especially in higher education...wanting to build a little mini-Oxford here in the Midwest,” Stevens said. “That runs as far as it can as the most Western European tradition of Chicago.” According to another panelist, Scott Bear Don’t Walk, a Ph.D. student in the Committee on Social Thought, only 30 selfidentified American Indians are enrolled at the University, despite Chicago’s large American Indian population. Bear Don’t

Walk said that this is an issue at most universities. Dr. Megan Bang, the director of education at the American Indian Center, suggested that the U of C begin recruiting American Indians from urban communities. Stevens supported this solution, adding that this technique avoids the culture shock experienced by students who come straight from reservations. As an undergraduate at Dartmouth College, known for its large American Indian population, Stevens noticed that American Indian students “seemed quiet, seemed really shy, didn’t really ask for anything,” while other groups of minority students formed support groups. Bear Don’t Walk said that last year a group of American Indian students at the U of C attempted to form a support group, but had little success due to low interest. Bang is concerned that this lack of outspokenness from American Indians is indicative of a lack of interest in American Indian studies at all education levels. “As we talk about what’s happening at the university level, it’s happening in preschool too,” she said.

By William Wilcox News Contributor The University’s Beagle Super Computer, a supercomputer dedicated to biomedical research, is slated to finish construction mid-December and to start retrieving data in February. The Beagle is part of a joint venture between the University and Argonne Labs that has been funded by a grant from the National Institute of Health. “A supercomputer is a way of answering questions that you couldn’t otherwise answer,” said Ian Foster, director of the Computation Institute and principal project investigator. “It’s like an accelerator of human ingenuity.” At 150 teraflops, and 18,000-core Cray XE-6 supercomputer, the Beagle will be the largest computer in the world dedicated to biomedical research. “It’s going to be very integrated with the University’s biomedical infrastructure,” Foster said. “The most exciting part about it is the people doing really interesting research.” The computer is named after the HMS Beagle, the ship Charles Darwin used to sail around the world and conduct his Galapagos Islands research. The computer will be ready to begin computing February 12, the 202nd anniversary of Darwin’s birth, according to a press release.

A number of teams will use the Beagle for biomedical research, including biochemistry and biophysics professor Benoit Roux. “Mostly what we do is computational studies on membranes and proteins,” Roux said. “We use molecular dynamic simulations. So that requires simulating the movements of the atoms by the function of movement over time.” Roux will work on exploring ion channels by using the Beagle. “We’re working on understanding how proteins are able to decide that this is the correct ion because ions are very similar,” Roux said. “To understand that you need to do very detailed calculations.” The consequences of the information that can be gleaned from the ion channel research could be widely useful, Roux said. “This has applications for a wide variety of diseases,” Foster said. “If we can work out how these ion channels look in normal people and diseased people, we can start trying to figure out how to treat them.” Roux’s work will be some of the first to use the Beagle when it goes online in December. But he doesn’t expect it to go perfectly on its first run. “Typically a big computer like that you have some problems, so they like to sort of drive it around the block first,” Roux said.


Egyptian burial site shows evidence of sun-worship, prof says By Hiba Fatima Ahmed News Contributor Egyptologist Barry Kemp shared his team’s latest discoveries from an ancient burial site in the city of Amarna Wednesday night at the Oriental Institute. The finds indicate that Amarna was a sunworshipping city, Kemp said. “Archeology is a moving frontier: There are always more questions and uncertainties, as is the case in all humanities,” Kemp said. When Kemp and his colleagues unearthed bodies from the cemetery, their orientation was towards the sun, characteristic of the city’s unique sun-worshipping religion. At the time, most cities were polytheistic, but the pharaoh of Amarna established the city

Dr. Barry Kemp is a professor of Egyptology at the University of Cambridge, and is the director of the Egypt Exploration Society Excavations at Armana. MATT BOGEN/MAROON


in order to exclusively worship the sun god in what Kemp called a unique “social experiment.” Kemp described the miniature, pyramidshaped grave markers found at the cemetery and presented pictures of intact bodies, intricate jewelry, and miniature statues of gods. Kemp and his team are in the process of creating a topographic model of the excavated city that would be so detailed it would map out where specific bones and torsos are located. They are also looking to extract and analyze DNA samples from intact teeth. Kemp has been doing research in Amarna “for longer than Amarna had been occupied,” joked Gil Stein, the director of the Oriental Institute. For almost 40 years, Kemp has been doing excavations and field studies in Amarna in conjunction with the Egypt Exploration Society.


CHICAGO MAROON | NEWS | November 5, 2010

With iPad, residents can work closer with patients, or remotely

Rhymefest wants business, "Kanye's Emporium of Oils" for Woodlawn

IPAD continued from front page

RHYMEFEST continued from front page

ting them next week. Moreover, residents were also able to get more done in the downtime during rounds because they had a computer with them, increasing the amount of time they actually spent with patients. “Residents were able to really engage in what a physician is meant to do instead of being bogged down by more of the secretarial work,” Patel said. The University of Chicago Medical School joins other top medical schools in integrating iPads into their curricula. For example, Stanford University School of Medicine distributed iPads to all of its incoming medical students earlier this year. But medical residents and medical students differ in their responsibilities and abilities. “There is always a tension between taking ownership of your education and your commitment to your patient care,” Patel said. The residents’ use of the iPad has relieved this tension by allowing students to tend to their patients remotely; they can take iPads with them when they go to medical conferences within the hospital that might have kept them from seeing their patients. Patients have also responded positively to the use of iPads in the hospital. The iPads help facilitate the communication of lab results, X-rays, and CAT scans. “Patients typically don’t have much access to

care,” Patel said, “and now they’re empowered by the information we have at our fingertips.” Patel said that the hospital tried out the HP iPaq in a residency class five to seven years ago in an effort to make the switch to mobile computing. The devices, according to Patel, had limitations in terms of access to the medical record system. The iPads now have an application specifically that the designed for hospital systems, Epic Company. Though they’re waiting to see how the program goes with the internal residents, Patel was confident the iPad will be implemented more widely in the hospital. But the device isn’t without its problems. Patel says that, as always, patient privacy is a concern. She said the IT personnel of the hospital have looked for technical vulnerabilities in the iPad, and installed a security program in each of the iPads that requires encryption of all information that is sent. The program can also wipe the iPads to factory settings if they get lost or stolen. Another concern is the cleanliness of the device. Although the spreading of infection is a concern with all medical devices, these concerns are all the more pressing with a device that would be as portable and as widely used as the iPad. Patel says that they have tried to address this issue by using a screen protector on the iPad and wiping it with the same sanitary wipes used for stethoscopes and beepers.

CORRECTIONS » A sidebar to the November 2 News article “Obama Rallies On Midway” incorrectly identified the way an a capella group was picked to sing the national anthem at the October 30 “Rally to restore freedom.” Third-year and head of the A Cappella Council Adam Rosenthal, not the UCDems, selected Ransom Notes to sing at the rally. » The October 26 News article “Humanities Festival: Bodies Cross Borders” incorrectly identified the lecture as part of Humanities Day. It was part of the Chicago Humanities Festival. The MAROON is committed to correcting mistakes for the record. If you suspect the MAROON has made an error, please alert the newspaper by e-mailing

Maroon for comment. But Smith said he would do all he could to represent the 20th ward. “We have to make sure they are receiving the services and attention that they deserve,” he said. To address the high rates of foreclosure in his ward, Smith wants to draw attention to programs offered by both the public and private sectors that help people keep their homes. Another of Smith’s goals is marketing the community and letting businesses know what services the Woodlawn area needs, and he said he would draw upon his celebrity connections to improve retail options in the area. Smith said he wanted artists he had connections with, like Kanye West, Lupe Fiasco, and George Clinton investing in local businesses to build community, not just having a concert or two. “For our first fundraiser, we might have Lupe Fiasco. But none of it is going to matter if we don’t get on the ballot,” he said to a group of

volunteers at a meeting on Sunday. “More than that, I’m going to try to bring them out here to open a business. We need Kanye’s Emporium of Oils. We need Fiasco’s Tabasco Chicken and Waffle Spot, Common’s Boutique of Books. I’m going to call my friends to community-raise. Not for me, but for the community. Those are my politics.” A third–generation resident of the Woodlawn community, Smith said his candidacy stems from his love for this community. “My son asked me if he can go to the park and play by himself and I’m like, ‘No, because I can’t go with you and it’s dangerous,’ and he started to cry and said ‘I feel like a prisoner in my own home.’ Well, I’m helping people all around the world. As Rhymefest, I’m helping people all around the country. But I have to start outside my front door, before I can help anybody anywhere else. So if you ask me what prompts me to run, I would say it’s personal responsibility and love for my community.”

Windows designed for 5757 are meant to stay, Spicer says 5757 continued from front page Chicago organization, said the windows, along with the furniture, are integral parts of the building and should not be altered. “The windows were designed specifically for that building, and structurally they were included in the building. They were not just screwed on. They are literally cemented in. So either you do damage to the window, or to the building,” he said. “As soon as you start removing them, it’s like removing the nose from the Mona Lisa or something. It’s all meant to go together.” According to an e-mail sent by Spicer to other community members earlier this week, five windows have been removed from the building’s south side, except for two bottom panels, and three

windows have been removed from the north side, aside from one bottom panel. Spicer raised concerns that the University moved forward on its plans for transforming the building from a seminary to an economics center without addressing the historical value of the building as an ecclesiastical space. “Why was it essentially an a priori decision? The next question, of course, is who made that decision? The rationale given is that the windows are ‘inappropriate’ to the new use of the building, and why is that so?” At a meeting in October, in which the University presented the firm that will renovate the building, administrators wouldn’t say whether the windows, furniture, and other Christian iconography that CTS leaves behind will remain, postponing that decision.

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| VIEWPOINTS | November 5, 2010





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Smells like green spirit The University should take the initiative to set its own sustainability goals The Sustainable Endowments Institute 2011 College Sustainability Report Card, which was published last week, gave the University of Chicago a C+, even though the University Administration did not respond this year to the annual survey the Institute uses to determine its grades. Explaining the University’s decision not to participate, Director for the Office of Sustainability Ilsa Flanagan said there were “significant concerns regarding the survey’s methodology, its shifting priorities, and the lack of transparency.” The University is not alone in questioning the value of the Report Card; a number of other high-profile universities, including Columbia, NYU, and Johns Hopkins, opted

not to submit data this year. But before Chicago or any other school dismisses the SEI and its grade book out of hand, they should remember the value the SEI does add. More than anything else, the Report Card’s strength lies in its ability to draw attention to issues of sustainability, and to keep us cognizant of the role local and individual actions play in broader environmental problems. The SEI’s Report Card makes news across the country every fall because, however problematic it may be, it is nevertheless one way of measuring progress as colleges and universities work their way toward greater sustainability. Substantial progress on that front will require a prolonged effort, and the Report Card reminds

people that something is happening, or mobilizes them when it isn’t. The University can take issue with the SEI, but there’s no ignoring the benefits that come from publishing a set of measurable and deliverable objectives, and then holding yourself accountable for completing them. This is already done at other schools; Harvard, for instance, has committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions 30 percent by 2016. The goals the University sets don’t need to be that ambitious or far-reaching, because even committing publicly to smaller improvements can keep departments across campus interested in increasing their sustainability. Seeing improvement year-to-year will also inspire

individuals in the community to take steps that reduce their own environmental footprints. Giving people goals and timetables gets their attention, gets them involved, and gets results. Flanagan and the administration may not be interested in the SEI’s Report Card, but that doesn’t get them or us off the hook. After we’re done pointing out the problems with the SEI, we ought to then take its example and improve upon it. If we want our work toward sustainability to be evaluated and graded in the right ways, then we ought to just do it ourselves. The M AROON Editorial Board consists of the Editor-in-Chief and Viewpoints Editors.



Coping with change

Not a taxing solution

Drinking heavily isn’t the only way to deal with disappointing election results

By Alison Howard Viewpoints Editor After the results of the midterm elections, things are looking bleak for the Democratic Party and many of its liberal college student adherents. Right now, if you’re a Democrat, you might feel like hiding away, not even coming out for Thanksgiving (because then you’ll have to face your one Republican uncle). But face it, the next two years are an awfully long time to spend drinking your sorrows away –even if you finally turn 21 by the next election. So instead of going through all five stages of grief, let’s cut this thing off at “disappointment,” and figure out other, more constructive ways to cope with a political loss. Right now, you have two options. You can laugh or you can cry. There is also the third option of maintaining a straight facial expression, and if you want to do that, that’s fine with me. But in any case, if you’ve had a strong (negative) reaction to the election results, you’re probably looking for some kind of comfort right now. And while there is the option of, as not just a voter but an active citizen, maintaining involvement in the American political system beyond when you’re casting a ballot, you might be looking for ways to feel better about the situation immediately, and not sometime down the line. First of all, finding the humor in

the situation is key. Daily trips to The Onion’s website, the nation’s premiere fake news source, can make you feel better (Their current take on the situation? “Last Remaining Politician Must Rebuild Entire Government Following Bloodiest Midterm Election In American History.”). Also, remember back to the Bush administration. Dark days? Perhaps. But a fertile, eight-year period full of political hilarity nonetheless, often provided by the president himself. Bush, for all his flaws, gave us such gems as “Our enemies are innovative and resourceful and so are we. They never stop thinking of ways to harm our country and our people, and neither do we.” Is this quote distressing? Sure. Does it portray the sort of lapse in logic you’d hope your country’s president wouldn’t demonstrate? Of course. But is it hilarious? Well, I think so, anyway. So, while America’s current political situation might make you feel like crying, remember that there’s a lot to laugh about. For instance, embrace your inner 12-year-old and delight in the improper pronunciation of the new Speaker of the House John Boehner’s last name. Yes, I know it’s supposed to sound like “baynor” and not “boner.” And yes, I know that boner jokes constitute the absolute lowest form of humor, that class of bodily function jokes that you shouldn’t make in polite company. But you’re a college student, and polite company is pretty much impossible to find outside the Quadrangle Clubs anyway, so let your mind run wild. And don’t worry, as the U.S. government begins to do more stupid things, more sophisticated humor will result from these election results than commentary on “electile dys-

Reforming tax policy can facilitate bipartisanship function” and the like. If you’re just not into the humor route of coping with political disappointment, there’s something else you can try: throwing yourself into your schoolwork. I may be presenting two extremes here (one form of coping that makes you laugh, and the other that makes you cry harder), but there’s something valid about working hard to forget about your troubles. If you find yourself getting into long, political debates with your friends, and monologuing overwrought lamentations on the election outcomes, you should probably spend your time in a more productive manner. You’re going to have to do your readings anyway, so why not use them to take your mind off what you’ve been reading in the newspaper? Just walk away from the heated debates about things that are, right at this moment, beyond your power, and get your homework done for Power already. But if all else fails in your coping process, start planning ahead. Make sure you’re registered to vote in the state that you actually want to vote in. Set up an email reminder (after all, you’ll probably have that same Gmail account in two years) to get to the polls or to send out for your absentee ballot. You might be feeling a lot of disappointment after the elections, but there are a few other emotions that might be better worth your while. If you don’t like the current state of the union, you shouldn’t let it consume your life. Or you should do something about it–which I admit would require a completely different How To column. Alison Howard is a third-year in the College majoring in English.

By Ajay Ravichandran Viewpoints Columnist As Republicans celebrate their new majority in the House, many observers from across the political spectrum have begun to fear that nothing will be accomplished in Washington at all until at least 2012. The ideological chasm that seems to divide the parties (especially now that many candidates backed by the Tea Party have won seats) and the Republicans’ persistent obstructionism over the past two years provide ample grounds for such concerns. However, there is a major policy area where both parties could work together without significantly compromising their principles: tax policy. The controversy over the Bush tax cuts will have been decided one way or another by the time the new majority gets to Washington, so there will be room for tax changes that could address important national problems while helping both Democrats and Republicans politically. There are two different tax policy changes especially well suited to addressing one of the biggest economic challenges we face. The largest short-term economic problem facing the United States is mass unemployment—the unemployment rate is hovering just under 10 percent and the painfully slow economic growth we’ve experienced

TAX REFORM continued on page 6



| VIEWPOINTS | November 5, 2010

Midterm Madness Studying the midterms

Calling for real bipartisanship By Suchin Gururangan Viewpoints Staff The war is over. The nation has spoken. Republicans are triumphant; Democrats are dazed and confused. And caught in this epic struggle is a tragic leader who, not even two years into his presidency, has been rejected by the nation. “Yes We Can” has changed into “No You Can’t.” But rather than whining about the election results, we must both analyze the sources of the Democrats’ defeat and look ahead to the future of Washington in this newly divided rule. How have Republicans gained control once again? The excessive distortion of facts and the promotion of polarization have played a big role. And the President is partly to blame–he has become the puppet of his opponents by being on the sidelines and saying too little, too late. Obama must not allow his progressive policies to be thwarted by bloody Washington politics. He has made it far too easy for his opponents not only to trash and spin his groundbreaking initiatives, but also promote widespread anti-establishment sentiments and shatter his approval ratings to about 40 percent, according to Rasmussen Reports. The flimsiness of the Democratic Party doesn’t help either. This election must cue a change in the nature of Obama’s leadership to one that involves more spine and voice as president. Hopefully the election also engenders a transformation in the future relationship between Republicans and Democrats. The parties must now cope with each other on a more level playing space. Will the pandering, lies, exaggerations, and filibusters finally stop? Will real governing and bipartisanship begin? Suchin Gururangan is a first-year in the College.

Unfulfilled expectations By Emily Wang Viewpoints Columnist Responsibility. This was the key word two years ago when Obama was inaugurated as our 44th president. I remember, of course, because we took time out from school to listen to his historic speech, and you never forget the things that get you out of class. It wasn’t just a reference to his own responsibility, though, or the responsibility bestowed on the hands of the Democrats, but our collective

responsibility as Americans to work together to make this country feel O.K. about itself again. Two years later? We haven’t seen immediate, spectacular results, and as a result, voters panicked. I can’t say I was surprised by the G.O.P’s resurgence, but I was still disappointed with the lack of faith from the same voters that put Obama in office. The unrealistic expectations we continue to have of the government to bail us out are especially frustrating—we persist in disregarding the reality that we are all responsible. In any case, we took the risk in believing in Obama’s ambitious, transformative vision—but after this election could be quickly morphed into what could have been. Two years is not nearly long enough to see the full realization of policies implemented in this administration. Now, it’s likely that if the economy continues to decline, the Republicans will just keep pointing fingers at the Democrats. And if the situation improves? Well then, of course, all credit due to the comeback kids.

their own freedom for the sake of the little man. Both fall somewhere right in the middle. This election, as we’ve known for long, was dominated by the Tea Party and anti-incumbency sentiments. This year, anti-incumbency meant anti-Democrat. So what happened? Good and bad Democrats were kicked out, and replaced by good and bad Republicans (and bad Tea Partiers). And something tells me two years from now we will have another anti-incumbency wave which will become an anti-Republican wave. The system perpetuates itself. An “independent” candidate has unfortunately become synonymous with “spineless.” Yet, we need candidates who aren’t necessarily independents, but stand out independently from their party. I will try to vote in the next election–but I’d like to choose between candidates, not parties.

So if not a Republican reawakening, then what? How about this: “Obama’s refusal to pursue the shock-and-awe approach of his predecessor misrepresented his presidency as a miserable failure to the short attention span of the American voter, who was thus swayed by the Republicans’ (albeit misguided) calls for radical change.” And by the way, am I really the only one who thinks Giannoulias could do a spot-on Anakin Skywalker impersonation?

Colin Bradley is a first-year in the College.

A broken system By Lloyd Lee Viewpoints Staff

Emily Wang is a first-year in the College majoring in English.

Not quite a Republican revolution By Tyler Lutz Viewpoints Columnist

Candidates before parties By Colin Bradley Viewpoints Columnist After attending the Obama rally on Saturday, it is clear to me that Tuesday’s results were likely not dependent on each candidate’s particular views, but rather overwhelmingly on party identity. But is this really the fault of the electorate? After all, the parties themselves seem to be the ones who have created this environment. The Democrats have done what they can to set the economy right and generally improve the welfare of the nation–but to what end? They want to be re-elected. It seems that the Republicans have been “drinking slurpees” (as Obama puts it) and laughing while they block the Democrat’s attempts to legislate. But again, their intention is clear–they want to be elected. Their apathy was, from an electability point of view, the right move. Unfortunately, electability and national prosperity have diametrically opposed points of view, but we tend only to see the former. I did not vote in this year’s election (bring on the boos), and perhaps it was due to a weary cynicism. The Republicans are not dog-killers who want to bring down the common man, as the speakers at the rally may have us believe. But neither are the Democrats magnanimous Robin Hoods fighting tooth and nail, willing to give up

Tyler Lutz is a second-year in the College.

To the Democrats: Oh no! The cruel horde of deregulation and intolerance is come upon us again to ravage our countryside and pillage our homes; let’s run for it! To the Republicans: Congratulations on your valiant victory over the forces of pure evil embodied in those socialist heathens and anti-American terrorist-sympathizers and stuff. George Washington would be proud. And stuff. To anyone left: Here’s the deal: Despite the suffocating drone to the contrary, there’s no “wave of conservatism” spreading across the country. Might I remind you that the overwhelming majority of voters last Tuesday were the same people who selected Bush as president. Twice. That’s G. W. Bush: America’s id, living manifestation of our most carnal economic desires, and militant proponent of anti-intellectualism and the status quo. And guess what: The core moral values among voters are still fundamentally what they were a mere two years ago. If we have to use the wave metaphor, this election was not the waxing tide of a conservative resurgence but rather the ebbing of the very wave of frustration with Bush-era policies that secured the 2006/2008 Democratic victories in the first place.

I was very close to not voting on Tuesday. In fact, up until Sunday I had decided not to vote. Before Sunday my roommate scolded me for planning not to vote, saying that it was my civic duty. I believed I had good reasons, and still do. Mainly that voting is irrational, which it is. But another reason beyond the irrationality was that I simply have become so disillusioned by and indifferent towards American politics that I thought, “What’s the point in me voting?” My father called me on Sunday and of course asked me whom I was voting for. To make a long and complicated story short, I did end up voting. But what did that accomplish? American government is so broken in its ability to do any substantial good for the citizens of America that I feel incredibly unsettled by casting a vote for yet another American politician. However, it astonishes me how an electorate that was so bent on change two years ago performed a complete 180 on Tuesday. The Democrats lost 64 House seats, the largest such loss since 1934, and the Republicans now control the largest majority in the House since 1929, when another Ohioan, Nicholas Longworth, was speaker. The question that the next two years will answer is: who was the biggest loser on Tuesday? America? Barack Obama? At this point does it even matter? Lloyd Lee is a fourth-year in the College majoring in Political Science.

Reforming the current tax system can solve many major economic problems TAX REFORM continued from page 5 recently has done virtually nothing to reduce it. In the medium to long-term, we face massive projected federal deficits fueled by the increased spending on entitlement programs that will be required as the population ages. In the short-term, both parties should consider a large cut in the payroll tax as a way of alleviating our unemployment problem. The payroll tax is one of the most economically harmful taxes the federal government collects. Because the amount that employers must pay increases with the size of their workforces, the tax directly increases the cost of hiring additional workers and thereby makes it less likely that employers will do so. Collecting such a tax is problematic even under normal conditions, but it seems especially unwise to continue doing so in our current circumstances, faced with slow growth and high unemployment. A cut in the payroll tax would reduce unemployment by lowering the cost of hiring, and would therefore make firms more likely to

hire new workers. Furthermore, reducing the payroll tax to stimulate the economy should be appealing to both Democrats and Republicans. Republicans’ reasons for favoring the policy should be obvious: They have a long record of using tax cuts to stimulate the economy. Also, because the employee contribution to the payroll tax takes up a larger share of the typical American household’s tax bill than does the federal income tax, getting behind a big payroll tax cut could pave the way for a new conservative approach to taxes that would likely have broader appeal than the right’s current obsession with cuts in marginal income tax rates. Democrats should favor reducing the payroll tax because it is one of the most regressive federal taxes. Because there is a cap on the amount of income subject to the tax, wealthier households pay a much smaller share of their incomes in payroll taxes than poorer ones do. To address the long-term deficit problem, however, both parties should consider mak-

ing a major permanent change to the federal tax code: They should work to substantially reduce the amount of revenue lost in tax expenditures. Tax expenditures are provisions of the tax code that reduce or eliminate taxes on income that is earned or spent in certain ways–for example, income received as employer-provided health insurance or donated to charity. While some of these tax breaks may be worthwhile, many have been inserted into the tax code by special interests who want subsidies for activities they would engage in anyway. They can also provide incentives to over-consume certain products (like housing) in a way that hurts the broader economy. They are, in short, incredibly costly: A recent study by the Office of Management and Budget estimates that they cost the federal government approximately $1.1 trillion in lost revenue. This loss is inexcusable, since cutting back on tax expenditures is consistent with both parties’ governing philosophies. Democrats should

oppose tax expenditures because they often subsidize industries that the left dislikes, such as oil companies, and because they crowd out direct government spending that can address social problems in a more direct manner. Republicans dislike them because it involves the government interfering with the workings of the market by favoring some industries over others. Of course, neither of these changes will be simple or easy to enact. The bitterness of the current political climate and opposition from industries that receive tax breaks present difficult obstacles. But voters are judging both parties on their ability to reduce unemployment and close the deficit. This should give them a reason to look for areas where they can work together to pass legislation without compromising their principles substantially, and tax policy would be an ideal candidate. Ajay Ravichandran is a third-year in the College majoring in Political Science.





UT presents a dream upon waking in Life is a Dream

In U.S. debut, Richard Hawkins takes control of chaos

By Emily Gerdin Voices Extractor

By Constance Zhang Voices Renegade

“Picture Inception in 17th-century Poland,” said first-year cast member Marley Lindsey. Yet even Christopher Nolan has a thing or two to learn from 17th-century playwright Pedro Calderon De La Barca on the nature of reality and dreams. Life is a Dream, UT’s sixth-week production, erases the line between dreams and reality, calling upon the ancient question of where dreams start and reality begins. Life is a Dream tells the story of a king, Basilio (Allesio Franko), and his son, Segismundo (Tom Murphy). Soon after his birth, it was prophesized that Segismundo would be a tyrannical king. For the sake of the country, Basilio locks Segismundo away and raises him in secret. At the start of the play, Basilio regrets his decision and wonders whether to allow his son, who is still imprisoned, a chance to prove he will be a good ruler. He decides to provide his son one chance on one day to rule the country. If he appears to be a vigilant, honorable king, Basilio will claim him as his heir; if not,

A gnarling, decapitated head, with the eyes turned upwards and its mouth wide open is frozen in a silent scream. Bright colors abound in a tightly confined space behind the head, only to give way to a stark blankness. What could pass as a still from a horror movie is framed neatly in the Modern Wing of the Art Institute of Chicago. The Art Institute’s new exhibition Third Mind features works by the American artist Richard Hawkins. Hawkins, born in the United States in 1961, is one of the most prominent and influential artists living in Los Angeles. His collection addresses a diverse range of subjects—including Roman and Greek sculptures, consumer art, and Native American traditions.

LIFE IS A DREAM Third Floor Theater Through November6

he will drug him, sequester him again, and claim that whatever Segismundo remembers from that day is all a dream. To make matters complicated, each of the three acts is produced as a dream from the perspective of one of the characters, and there are no intermissions. In between acts, the music shifts and the set changes so the audience can perceive the difference. “Each act is a different type of dream, and my dream [Act 1] is a nightmare,” said first-year Allesio Franko, who plays Basilio. “Everything is a projection of my fears and my regrets.” The second act is from the perspective of Segismundo, and the third is a more lucid dream from no one’s perspective in particular. Even more convoluted, there are certain characters that exist only as figments of the imagination of other characters. Part of the challenge presented to director Evan Garrett, a thirdyear in the College, and his cast was the lack of stage directions. “We’ve really developed this world; there’s no set description on what costumes should look like or sounds should be. Even the script is really sparse,” said Garrett. Third year Mary Claire Walther

DREAM continued on page 9


arbara Schubert conducts the University Symphony Orchestra's Halloween concert, "Witches of Yore," Saturday evening at Mandel Hall.



On the scene this week: Who's playing where Sons of the West Garage rock/psychedelic blues

Not since the Black Keys has there been a band so hell-bent on seizing the garage rock resurgence marked by the White Stripes and taking it to unique places. Comprised only of a standard guitar, drums, and bass, instrumental minimalism is a staple of Sons of the West. Yet all three members are consistent in trying to wring as much noise from their instruments as possible. When not pummeling their equipment—they mix a unique blend of narrative-style garage rock and early-’70s psychedelic tones—high-pitched and bubbly guitar licks punctuate a heavily distorted blues riff, while Doors-style keyboard organs help lift hammering drums out of sonic oblivion. Sons of the West have taken what is a difficult genre to make anew and placed what will hopefully prove to be an indelible stamp on it. Watch them play on Sunday, November 7, along with Crash Hero and Twin Peaks at Beat Kitchen, 6 p.m., $10

Marnie Stern Melodic noise/math rock

Extremely technical finger-tapping matched with digitized and static-y blocks of noise are a staple of Marnie Stern, a Chicago native currently based in New York. All within her realm of possibility are combinations of Daleesque surf riffs with reeling drum fills, a Van Halen solo paired with a growing wail of vocals, and even a noise rock cover of “Don’t Stop Believing.” Though idiosyncratic in their origins, these mixtures illustrate a totality which Stern always seems to exude. Her guitar work skillfully straddles the line between

melody and noise when playing off the rest of the instruments, spiking substantial drum and bass fillers with pointed arpeggios, or in creating her own distorted hooks to fill in the cracks left behind amp static and sharp drum fills. For anyone still skeptical of more severe noise outfits, Stern is both an original study in genre crossover and undoubtedly the introduction one needs to see the more obvious merits of the genre.

and swelling orchestration. It is all the more impressive since it’s only one guy.

See her play on Wednesday, November 10, along with Heavy Cream and Electric Hawk at the Empty Bottle, 9:30 p.m., $5-12

Indie rock’s recent turn from highly intimate tones and relatively uniform song structure to more ambitious orchestrations precipitated the unfortunate penchant for musicians to drown each other out in musical largesse. It’s not so much that anyone wants to steal the show (or any clichéd variant), but rather that some bands have taken on a grander sense of what their genre encompasses. Gypsyblood, for everything it takes from this “grandiose” sector of indie rock—repetitive and hammering drums, asymmetrical overlays of feedback and various distorted washes of noise, ominously intoned lyrics matched with choral chanting. But rarely do its songs sound cluttered or overbearing. Though some technical influences can be sensed relatively quickly (Arcade Fire most strongly, but also perhaps Interpol), the band streamlines these techniques by designating certain ones for various “sets” throughout the songs. Moving away from the common trope of slowly surging to the finale helps retain a sense of originality in using common techniques and will hopefully help Gypsyblood develop a truly original style.

Owen Pastoral/experimental acoustic

Just one of the many side projects scene staple Mike Kinsella has helped sprinkle around Illinois, Owen stands apart in that it’s his only official solo endeavor. Sentimental tenderness is a hallmark Kinsella produces with his earnest (if not at times somewhat gag-inducing) lyrics and singing style. Generally beginning songs with sophisticated and calming acoustics, he slowly pairs his emotion with undeniably extraordinary instrumentation which any mainstream band would envy. Though his guitar serves as the binding agent throughout, Owen slowly arrays isolated “accidental” sounds of the guitar and amplifier equipment (squeaks from the strings, knocks on the body, feedback distortion) to match progressively more frenetic and complex melodies. A helpful analogue might be Nick Drake with a better studio. Owen never compromises the sentimentality his disposition yields, but the deep subtlety with which Drake imbued his seemingly commonplace melodies here gives way to ambitious

See him play on Thursday, November 11, along with Johnny Flynn at Mayne Stage, 8 p.m., $15

Gypsyblood Alternative indie

See them open for Fang Blood on Friday, November 12, at Lincoln Hall, 7 p.m., $12 —Rob Underwood

THIRD MIND Art Institute Through January 16

This is the artist’s first American museum survey. The exhibition features works displayed to the public eye for the first time, including a seres of “altered” books grounded in his days as an antiquarian bibliographer. Hawkins’s 1997 print series “Disembodied Zombies” is present in its entirety—six works of decapitated male heads in ink jet print set against a stark polychrome background. The collection also includes dollhouse structures that settle comfortably in the crossover between the fantastical and the grotesque. The convergence of the different media into one collection reflects Hawkins’s swift transition between techniques and genres that tackles the awkward ambiguity of the act of collecting. A brief introduction of Hawkins and his art at the entrance of the gallery makes way for the simplest presentation of his works. Objects are sparsely erected throughout the gallery rooms, surrounded by paintings and collages on the blank walls. The plain frames and minimal explanations allow the audience to engage and interact with the pieces without preconceptions or distractions. There are no indications of the temporal development of Hawkins’s work, leaving the audience freedom to choose the order of viewing. The subject matter of his work is as complex as his material and means are simple. Hawkins chooses to keep the materials of his work in their unaltered state. His art, by combining separate ideas and objects, is about the transformative power of coming together, both literally and figuratively. Chinese lanterns, cardboard paper, wooden sticks, and old magazines are fused

HAWKINS continued on page 9



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CHICAGO MAROON | VOICES | November 5, 2010


Chicago Manual of

by Jessen O’Brien

In his essay “On Cannibals,” Michel de Montaigne writes about how the discovery of the New World led to a clearer definition of self. When confronted with the other, we are better able to know ourselves through this contrast, at least according to Montaigne. Don’t worry, you haven’t stepped into a second-rate Sosc essay masquerading as the style column, and I promise not to spend the next few hundred words on my amateur interpretations of philosophers. I bring up Montaigne only because this idea has lately been affecting the way I think about fashion and style. You see, I am currently studying abroad in Paris, and whenever I look up from my Civ readings, I find myself surrounded by a style slightly different from that in Chicago. These differences have caused me to reevaluate my definition of style in general and American style in particular. First, what is style? The ever-convenient gives 22 unique definitions in its first entry alone, the most obviously relevant one being the fifth: “a mode of fashion,

as in dress, esp. good or approved fashion; elegance; smartness.” However, I don’t think this goes far enough. To start with, style is not simply “a mode of fashion,” and, in fact, fashion and style often contradict. To me, fashion refers to various trends of clothing and accessories throughout specific periods of time. Whether it’s ephemeral or cyclical, something in fashion is bound to be unfashionable in due time. Furthermore, there is a certain accepted code to fashion. You can see that a shirt’s fashionable, put on a fashion-forward dress, and even be a fashionista. And given a little time and training, anyone can be fashionable—it’s not so hard to dress in “approved” fashion. Style, on the other hand, cares little for the everchanging approval fashion depends upon. As naturalist George-Louis Leclerc de Buffon said, “the style is the man himself.” Sure, he was talking about writing and not clothing, but the principle still applies: Style is an expression of self. Consequently, your style is a personal statement about who you

Dream proves to be an unexpected primer on parent-child relations DREAM continued from page 7 plays Rosaura, a woman who has traveled across the sea to kill her lover Astolfo ( Jason Shain), and is the main figure of an important subplot in the play. Walther describes her character as existing only in the dream of Segismundo, and because of this her gender changes throughout the performance. “Ultimately, I’m a figment of Segismundo’s imagination, and I change because the dream changes,” said Walther. In the first dream, she is a man, in the second a woman, but in the third it is ambiguous. However, her goal remains the same throughout the play. Walther has incorporated this confusion into creating a dynamic character for herself. “You feel like you’re in a dream already, and although my mannerisms change, my focus doesn’t,” said Walther. “Because it is a dream there is a fantastical quality to everything. It has given us the chance to be truly creative.” To enforce the dream-like nature of the play, Garrett has chosen to incorporate

some unusual visual aids. The play begins with a monologue by King Basilio, which is accompanied by a shadow puppet show, and there are two dance sequences. “The writing is so gorgeous and thoughtfully put together...what we do just adds to it,” said assistant director and first-year Eric Shoemaker. Included with the overarching questions about reality and life are other themes Garrett feels resonate with college students. “Segismundo and Basilio are people who care deeply about each other but commit grave injustices to one another,” said thirdyear Tom Murphy, who plays Segismundo. “They must come to terms with how they can be a family. Even though it’s a play about dreams and the unstable, flighty paths of our lives, there are parts about loyalty and forgiveness that are exceptional throughout the play.” “It’s a show about fathers and sons, a story about love and forgiveness,” said Garrett. “It’s good for college students to watch shows about forgiving your parents.”

From across the pond, a new perspective on American style are and, unless you’re still a preteen, you’ve probably developed a fairly consistent character. To have style, therefore, is to transcend the temporariness of fashion and cross into a far more permanent realm. With this permanency and personalization comes a sort of defiance of the dictates of fashion. Instead of trying to look trendy, you see if trends complement youre existing look. However, outside of the whole kindergarten teacher idea of “everyone is special with their own special tastes,” not everyone actually has style. Most people put only a passing effort into their clothes, while others work to be simply fashionable. A select few try to establish their own style, and still fewer succeed. This does not mean that style is wholly unique. In fact, it’s often derivative or referential in some way. Even style icons draw inspiration from someplace, and more often than not that place is other style icons (look at Madonna and Lady GaGa). However, style must be recognizable. When someone

has personal style, you instantly know whom you’re looking at by what they wear and how they wear it. Now to American style in particular: What is it, exactly? For starters, there are a lot of strong lines and shapes. There’s a tendency towards the bold, graphic, and structural. When I think of quintessential American designers, names like Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, and Marc Jacobs come to mind. Whether it’s minimalism, preppy, or a little rebellious, American styles often prefer to have a powerful, immediate impact on the viewer. Now, this doesn’t mean that Americans don’t do subtle or frilly, but, nevertheless, there is a general American style that falls along these lines. If you need more convincing, I plan to write about French style later in the quarter—in a country a thirtieth the size of the United States, you can find so many different looks your head would spin. And maybe the contrast will do for you what it did for me.

Hawkins's culture-conscious collages merge fantasy and the mundane HAWKINS continued from page 7 into a single work, yet preserve their original essence and function. This duality, imparted through the use of collages, is the philosophy behind Hawkins’s works. And it is this duality that inspires the audience to seek out beauty in the mundane rather than in the world of exhibits. The dominant feature of the exhibition is the collages. What appear to be random images, writings, and objects are placed within the same reference frame in seeming disarray. It is precisely this incoherence, Hawkins’ particular tendency to juxtapose dissimilar elements in the same space, that challenges the traditional norms of interpretation and asks the audience to reevaluate familiar objects in light of the new context. The distinct contrast between a disposable coffee cup, a Kellogg’s cereal box, and a cutout image of a Japanese youth is one such example of this collision of the unrelated. In his own words, “the reconstitution of mass

-produced images is so effective at simultaneously expressing difference within culture and fantasies beyond culture.” Reconstitution is his medium and fantasy is what he evokes. The clash of vibrant hues of blue, green, and red, bordered by Post-it notes scribbled with thoughts and questions, presents the motif of the exhibit: the creativity of an informed and unrestrained mind. He provokes the audience with the simultaneous pleasure and discomfort of seeing. Hawkins’s work approaches the breakdown of mass knowledge. The collages that feature ancient sculptures beg the question of how certain information and its prevalence in society allows it to be perceived as inherent. Rather than looking at the front side of Roman sculptures, what happens when their back sides are displayed? How does this shift influence the audience’s ability to engage with art? Only the audiences, through the rediscovery of the familiar by the hands of Hawkins, have the answers to these questions.

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Your ad here. Rosura (third-year Mary-Claire Walther) and Segismundo ( Tom Murphy) share a tender moment admidst an overload of whimsy. MEHVES KONUK/MAROON

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CHICAGO MAROON | VOICES | November 5, 2010

Voices STD (Stuff to Do) Friday | November 5 C e l l i s t A n i A z n av o o r i a n a n d p i a n i s t L e r a Au e r b a ch w i l l m a k e t h e i r Chicago recital debut with an homage to Shostakovich. In addition to this repertoire, the two musicians will also perform Auerbach’s own “24 Preludes for Violoncello and Piano, op. 47.” (Mandel Hall, 7:30 p.m., $5)

Saturday | Novermber 6 There ain’t no party like a Schumann party, so celebrate the German composer’s 200th birthday in style. Music department faculty will b e playing selected works by Robert Schumann, followed by a reception complete with a birthday cake. (Fulton Recital Hall, 3 p.m., free)

Sunday | November 7 Doc Films will be taking a break from its usual weekend of new releases to screen the classic sci-fi film Back to the Future just in time for its 25th anniversary. Even though it was filmed in the ’80s, millions still enjoy Marty McFly and his time traveling follies. (Max Palevsky Cinema, 3:15 p.m., $5) As part of the Dance Chicago festival, the Mexican Dance Ensemble will be performing traditional Mexican folk dances at Stage 773 in Lakeview. Dance Chicago is an annual festival featuring over 250 individual acts and over 2,500 artists. (1225 West Belmont Avenue, 5 p.m., $25)

Monday | November 8 Vegans just want to have fun, so join the Vegan Society at its Vegan Ice Cream Social. Ice cream, ice cream sandwiches,

With Christine Yang

and root beer floats those who bring their will be entered into a cookbook. (Reynolds 8:45 p.m., free)

will be offered, and own bowl and spoon raffle to win a vegan Club South Lounge,

Tuesday | November 9 In conjunction with Teach for America and the Urban Teacher Education Program, OMSA will be hosting a panel discussion titled Beyond Waiting for Superman: How do we overcome inequities in our urban schools? Panelists include Tim King (founder and president of Urban Prep Academies), UTEP faculty, and Teach for America alumni. (5710 South Woodlawn Avenue, 6 p.m., free)

Environment’s Navajo Boy and Yellow Dirt: Uranium Contamination in Navajo Nation. The event will combine f i l m c l i p s f r o m t h e d o c u m e n t a r y Th e Return of Navajo Boy by Jeff Spitz and a panel discussion with Spitz, author Judy Pasternak, and Navajo activist Mary Begay. (Law School Auditorium, 6 p.m., free)

Thursday | November 11 Lucha VaVOOM promises tons of sexo y violencia at the Park West Theater. Be sure to buy your tickets early in order to get ringside seats for the perfect combination of Mexican masked wrestling, burlesque, and comedy. (322 West Armitage Avenue, 8 p.m., $25)

Wednesday | November 10 Learn about present-day Navajo culture at the Program on the Global

Have an event you’d like to see in STD? E-mail

The Fun Corner. "Remember, Remember" Across 1. Free-throw figs. 5. With the tempo 11. Chat 14. Singer Amos 15. Kind of shower 16. Consumed 17. Jazz improv 18. McSweeney's founder Dave 19. Holyoke and Sinai, e.g.: Abbr. 20. Society name 22. Trip to Mecca 23. Not too much 24. 1981 Best Picture [streamed through a Mozilla browser?] 27. ___-A-Fella Records 28. Jimmy's, e.g. 29. Decayed 30. "Balls!" (but more Shakespearean) 32. Lorraine's partner 35. Mensch [whose name is jumbled in the circled entries and can follow 24-, 35-, and 50-across] 41. “___ plea of not guilty” 42. Travis Bickle’s ride 43. Musician's liability 46. Playtex purchase 49. High Life holder 50. Flatware alloy [that looks much better with age] 54. 9000 and Incandenza 55. Fed. biomedical research agency 56. Khaki feature 57. They, in Thiers 58. Paternal relative 60. Clean-up hitter stats 62. 2016 host that vanquished Chicago 63. Fab fourth 64. Chimney sweep aura 65. Trig function 66. Blond-haired poster children 67. Confesses, with "up"

Down 1. A TD is worth six 2. Ubiquitous pop 3. Home for Nag or Nell 4. Harvey Danger's one-hit "Flagpole ___" 5. Spanish airline 6. Hi-___ (upbeat electronic music) 7. Penny-pinching 8. Incepted things 9. Oregano's spice rack neighbor 10. Chicago train lines 11. Cajun X-Man 12. Clothes 13. Outdone 21. Sphere 23. Rearmost on a ship 25. Make like Stephen Douglas 26. An ellipse has two 27. Roald Dahl's military grp. 31. Former bulls? 33. Irish mythology figure 34. Strike breakers 36. Uptight 37. Avon's second in command 38. "Bravo, Sheila!" 39. Backbreaking effort 40. Hauler's truck 43. Threadless buy 44. Nazione di Napoli 45. Simpsons Ha-ha-er 47. Yellows, like a banana 48. "I'm ___ ears" 51. Wimp 52. Kofi Annan's homeland 53. Recto's opposite 58. Mode lead-in 59. Won ___ (Chinese dumpling) 61. Downing and Fleet: Abbr.

Sudoku is provided by Laura Taalman (A.B. '94) and Philip Riley (A.B. '94).


Voices needs your voices

Interested in writing for the MAROON's all-inclusive arts and entertainment blog? E-mail Solutions for 10/15 puzzle




Bears want a win to increase odds of NCAA berth

With upset at Wash U, Chicago can stay over .500

First-year Kat Konstantinoff avoids a Hope player during an October match. The Maroons won the UAA conference last weekend and earned a NCAA tournament berth. DARREN LEOW/MAROON

W. SOCCER continued from back page the toughest schedules in the country,” added Benoit. “They should still get in the tournament as they have a lot of significant wins against ranked teams.”

While Chicago faces a fight on Saturday, the team seems optimistic and excited to get in more game time before the NCAA D-III tournament, which begins November 11.

Maroons on tournament bubble after recent losses to ranked teams VOLLEYBALL continued from back page

Third-year Ryan McPherson steals the ball in a home game earlier this season. The Maroons play their final regular-season game tomorrow against Wash U. LLOYD LEE/MAROON

By Gracie Sonnabend Sports Staff Coming off of a 1–0 home finale win, the Maroons (8–7–1) will finish off their regular season Saturday with an away game against Wash U (13–1–4). The outcome of the match may influence Chicago’s chances at an NCAA tournament spot. “The people who handle those formulas and calculations– that’s in their hands. The only way it’s going to matter is if we win,” head coach Scott Wiercinski explained. More importantly, the match presents an opportunity to close the season with a victory over a longtime rival. “Because this last game doesnít mean much in terms of winning the conference or receiving an automatic bid, it will be a challenge for our team to dig deep and find the spirit needed to win,” commented third-year Alan Pikna. Indeed, drive and energy are key to the Maroons’ success on Saturday. “We need to come out strong, to take an early chance to open the game up and turn it to our advantage” Wiercinski explained. Nabbing an initial lead would also give the Maroons a protective edge against the lategame strikes that cost them the recent University

of Wisconsin–Whitewater, Rochester, and Case games. The Bears are coming off a tough draw with New York University (10–2–4), currently ranked first in UAA standings. Wash U is now tied for the second-place UAA spot with Emory (14–1–2). Chicago lags in fifth place. “The biggest thing is that they are a very good team, and we need to come out with a lot of energy. If we do that, I think we have the players and the talent we need and we can do very well,” said Wiercinski. Pikna elaborated further on the team’s strategy: “In tactical terms, the strategy seems to be a one-for-one matchup on the field in terms of formation, in the hopes that our talent and hard work will be greater than any of the respective Wash U players.” After wrapping up this season’s home games with Sunday’s win against Brandeis, a victory at Wash U would make for a triumphant ending to what has been a somewhat difficult autumn. “Hopefully our team unity and chemistry will show through despite some of our unfortunate results this season,” said Pikna. The Maroons seem poised for a solid performance this Saturday in St. Louis.

earns an automatic bid to the NCAA tournament. This season could be the program’s best chance to reach Nationals, as Chicago heads into the weekend ranked fifth in the Midwest region. Last year, six teams from the Midwest qualified from the region, and key wins over regional opponents UW–Whitewater and Elmhurst should bolster the South Siders’ résumé heading into tournament selections, as announced Monday.

Still, two losses to UW–Platteville (ranked third in the region) in the last two weeks could prove costly, and if any lower seeds capture automatic bids in their conference tournaments, the Maroons could be on the bubble for a tournament selection. “We would like to dictate our fate this weekend, but we do have our hands full,” Walby said. “The girls kind of see the light at the end of the tunnel here; they’ve just got to run towards it.”

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Maroons expect tough competition from Carnegie’s defense FOOTBALL continued from back page Of course, games are played, not prognosticated, and while the Maroons undoubtedly enter as favorites, Carnegie has won two of their past three home games. “They are an old-school team, with a hardnose offense that will run the ball a lot,” said Gaines. “Concerning their record, we pay little attention to it. We treat every game like the team is undefeated—it’s the only mindset to have when facing your opponent.” The Maroons now control their own destiny in terms of the UAA championship, an honor they have not won since 2005. In a meeting that has all the makings of a trap game, the Maroons have prepared diligently during the week to ensure a strong showing. “They are going to be a very tough opponent:

They always play tough defense, their offense is difficult to stop and they don’t allow the opposing offense’s many opportunities to score throughout the game,” said Oium. “We will need to take advantage of our possessions in the first quarter and put some points up on the board. We will need some help from our defense and special teams, as always, to win this game.” “They are a better football team than their record shows,” Brizzolara added. “We’ve put in some new plays on offense, and our defense is preparing exactly the same way we did for them last year, which should be great considering how well they played. They’re a good team, and I expect them to come after us and give us a great game.” The Maroons will travel to Gesling Stadium to face the Tartans this Saturday at 1 p.m.






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“I never saw that coming. We were up 4–1 and he was probably trying to get the team going. He asked me to go and we went. I didn’t say a word to him all night. I wasn’t on the ice with him all night.” —Matt Niskanen of the Dallas Stars, explaining his fight with the Pittsburgh Penguins’ Sidney Crosby.



Maroons set sights on league championship With title in bag, Chicago goes for rivalry win By Jake Grubman MAROON Staff

Three years ago, winning the UAA championship was barely on the volleyball team’s radar. This weekend, it is an expectation. The 21st-ranked Maroons will take the court against Rochester and Case in Cleveland this afternoon, as the team begins its quest for the program’s first conference title. “When we do everything right, we’re a pretty dangerous team,” head coach Vanessa Walby said. “If we just come together and feel good about the play that we’ve done, I think we’ll do pretty well this weekend. The big thing is that everyone does their job and everyone plays with a lot of high energy.” Prior to last season, the Maroons had finished in the bottom half of the conference in 12 consecutive seasons, including five last-place finishes. Butlastseason’sUAAChampionships were a different story. With the conference tournament at home, Chicago won its first two matches and came within two points of upsetting then-defending NCAA champs Emory in the semifinals. The South Siders emerged with their best finish since 1996 and plenty of reason for optimism heading into this season. “As soon as the season ended last year, we were in the gym the next week working on our off-season workouts,” third-year Isis Smalls said. “We were so fired up from that loss [to Emory], going into spring season we worked pretty hard and even harder over the summer, and we came in in the best

shape I’ve seen everybody as a team.” The Maroons have shown signs of improvement throughout the season, posting a .228 hitting percentage (up from .192 a year ago) with higher block totals on defense. Setting consistency as a goal this year, the South Siders have performed better in five-match contests this year, going 7–2 in those matches, and the squad avoided the midseason slump that plagued them the previous two seasons. In a perfect world, the rest of the UAA wouldn’t have gotten better, too. Third-ranked Emory, the tournament’s top seed, enters this weekend riding a 10-match winning streak and is looking for its fourth conference title in six seasons. The Eagles have finished no lower than third since 1994. Seeded behind them is NYU, a team that looked nearly invincible at the UAA Round Robin three weeks ago. The Violets, who the Maroons upset for third place at UAAs last year, have gone 32–4, including losses to the second and third-ranked teams in the nation and a signature win over topranked Wash U. If anything is representative of the UAA’s depth, it’s the fact that both of the Bears’ losses this season have come to conference opponents (NYU and Case). “It’s extremely competitive,” Smalls said. “Nothing is given; you have to fight for every game. There’s a lot of pressure, but it’s also a lot of fun.” More than bragging rights are on the line this weekend, as the UAA champion

VOLLEYBALL continued on page 11

By Kate Marsden Sports Staff

Third-year Alexandria Meyers serves at home last season. Chicago is seeded fourth in the UAA Championships, which begin today at Case. ERIC GUO/MAROON


After Case upset, Maroons steeled for Carnegie By Nick Foretek Sports Editor

First-year wide receiver Ian Gaines charges up the field earlier this season. Carnegie’s stingy defense will challenge Chicago’s wideouts tommorrow. MATT BOGEN/MAROON

A beautiful deep ball, a receiver intent upon twisting through Case defenders and crisscrossing the field into the end zone, and a stunning victory against a team perceived as unbeatable: A week after perhaps the most magical comeback in Chicago’s D-III history, the Maroons travel to Pittsburgh to play Carnegie in their second conference game of the season. The 4–4 Tartans, who have lost their past two games in overtime and dropped their conference opener to Wash U 20–13, will be no easy stepping-stone for the Maroons. “I think everyone’s gotten over the win and realizes it takes three wins to win the UAA, not just one,” second-year wideout Dee Brizzolara said. “It was a great start for us, but the focus has definitely shifted to the upcoming game.” Brizzolara garnered UAA offensive player of the week honors after his game-winning catch and run last weekend. After their incredible victory against Case, snapping the team’s 38-game regular-season winning streak, the Maroons improved to 6–2

on the season. The team has won its past four games. “It was a definite boost in the team’s morale. We needed that win and pulled out that extra something to come home with the victory,” said first-year wide receiver Ian Gaines, who rushed the ball twice and caught a pass on Saturday’s game against Case. Last season, the Maroons entered their UAA game against Case under similar circumstances. The Maroons entered with a 4–2 record but dropped the game late. The loss marked the beginning of the end of what had been a promising season. But having beaten the perennial UAA favorite, the Maroons can reasonably see a conference championship and entry into the D-III playoffs in their future. “The win against Case was an amazing win for us as a team. It has refocused on us winning the UAA,” said fourth-year quarterback Marshall Oium. “No one on this team has ever won the UAA, and we have a great shot at doing it this year, so everyone seems to be elevating their play at practice to assure that there are no let downs this week against Carnegie.”

FOOTBALL continued on page 11

After clinching a spot in the NCAA tournament and the UAA championship for the first time in 11 years by defeating Brandeis University 2–0, the Maroons continue conference play against Wash U on Saturday. Historically, games against rival Wash U have been close. But Chicago has proven its grit, having successfully adapted to a number of different field conditions throughout the season and taking more shots on goal combined than its opponents both overall and in conference play. As fourth-year midfielder Emily Benoit pointed out, while the team has “already secured the UAA title and a bid into the NCAA tournament,” the game against Wash U will still have an impact on the NCAA tournament. Head coach Amy Reifert noted the game “will have a large impact on our regional rakings and who and where we have to play in the NCAA tournament.” The opportunity to host the first round of the NCAA tournament would, as Benoit remarked, “be a great advantage for us as well.” Chicago will emerge from the game on Saturday as the UAA champion regardless of how they fare against Wash U. But coach Reifert said, “A great result against Wash U would be the best preparation we can have to play well in the [NCAA] tournament.” “Wash U is a good team and we must show up ready to play on Saturday,” said Benoit. Saturday’s game is an opportunity for the team to improve their game and prepare for the tournament. “Washington University is one of the most dynamic teams in the country, and they have played one of

W. SOCCER continued on page 11




• Volleyball at UAA Championship vs. Rochester, 2 p.m. vs. Case, 4 p.m.



• Women’s Soccer @ Wash U, 11 a.m. • Football @ Carnegie, 1 p.m. • Men’s and Women’s Swimming and Diving @ Wash U • Men’s Soccer @Wash U, 2:30 p.m. • Volleyball @ UAA Championship vs. Emory, Noon


RHYMEFEST continued on page 4IPADcontinuedonpage4 By Jonathan Lai News Staff By Hans Glick News Staff ARCHITECTURE By Crystal Tsoi News Staf...