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t erv l

Caribbean Government Printers'

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A P R I L 9 T H - 13 T H





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General Information on

Snapshot of the Printing Process


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Caribbean Printers' Easterval Tour – Its Origin


The Spice of the Caribbean

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Contents 1. Introduction 2. Message – Minister of Finance 3. Message – Manager, Government Printery 4. Message – Chairman, Organising Committee 5. Programme of Events 5. Assignments – Liaison Officers 6. General Information on Grenada Perspectives on Government Printeries 7. Barbados 8. Grenada 10. St. Kitts & Nevis 12. St. Lucia 13. St. Vincent 14. Trinidad and Tobago 15. Caribbean Printer's Easterval Tour – Its Origin 16. Down Eastervals' Memory Lane 17. Easterval 2009 “Breakin’ Pics” 18. Print Humour and Facts 19. Snapshot of the Printing Process 19. How Gutenberg Changed the World 20. Spices of Grenada 21. Sites of Interest In Grenada 24. Industry News – The Future of Printing 24. Acknowledgements



The Grenada Government Printery Sports and Cultural Club hosts the Nineteenth Caribbean Government Printers' “Easterval Tour” in April 2009. This commemorative magazine is produced for the information and entertainment of all participants and the public at large. It features welcome messages, the programme of activities, country information for visitors, as well as overviews on the operations of all Government Printeries in the region, whose members are on Tour. A snapshot of the printing process and other general interest articles are also presented. We appreciate your taking time out to read this publication, and hope it would be enlightening to you. The production of this magazine and, indeed, the hosting of the Easterval Tour would not be possible without the generous input of the Government of Grenada and other private and corporate citizens. We consider their efforts invaluable to us in promoting regional integration through our display of true Grenadian hospitality.

Host Countries: 1991 – St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1992 – Trinidad and Tobago 1993 – St. Lucia 1994 – Grenada 1995 – Barbados 1996 – St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1997 – Trinidad and Tobago 1998 – St. Lucia 1999 – Barbados 2000 – Grenada 2001 – St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2002 – No Easterval Tour 2003 – Trinidad and Tobago 2004 – St. Lucia 2005 – Dominica 2006 – St. Kitts and Nevis 2007 – St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2008 – Barbados 2009 – Grenada

Designed and printed by GRENADA GOVERNMENT PRINTERY Botanical Gardens, St. George's, Grenada, W.I. Tel: (473) 440-2098/2118/0841; Fax: (473) 440-6881; e-mail:

Welcome Message from Minister of Finance


n behalf of the Government of Grenada, the Ministry of Finance, Planning, Economy, Foreign Trade, Energy and Cooperatives, and in particular the Staff of the Government Printery, I th extend warm greetings to all regional Government printers and friends visiting Grenada for the 19 annual Caribbean Government Printers' Easterval Tour.

An event such as this is an excellent opportunity to interact socially and professionally with regional counterparts; to meet and share experiences and ideas; and to build a network that can be tapped for various reasons. The Government of Grenada is pleased to be associated with this festival and has given tangible expressions of its support. As we are all aware, the global economic outlook is abysmal and is cause for grave concern. This however does not mean that we should despair and become hassled. Instead, what it profoundly highlights is the need for us as a region, to work together, at all levels, to lessen the negative effects of the situation and cushion the impact it can have on individual countries as resources become more and more scarce. I am hopeful that the camaraderie, cooperation, and generous spirit exhibited at this festival will transcend into our daily routines, professionally and socially. I wish you God's Blessings and every success throughout this festival. Welcome to Grenada and enjoy your stay.

Hon. V. Nazim Burke Minister of Finance, Planning, Economy, Foreign Trade, Energy and Cooperatives

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Welcome Message from Manager


olleague Printers and Friends,

The Management and Staff of the Grenada Government Printery through me, extend a warm and spicy welcome to all of you for the 2009 Caribbean Government Printers' Tour of Grenada.

It is our wish that this 19th Tour – the third hosted by Grenada – will bring you exquisite delight and satisfaction as we integrate for purposes of sport, culture, conversation and exchange of information germane to our field of interest. We trust that the Programme of Activities provides an array of events that will cater to the interests and expectations of everyone. No one should begrudge printers this brief opportunity in the year to turn off presses and to laugh, play and chat; for after the successful chasing of almost impossible deadlines and acomplishing of missions that were not so clearly defined, a little break should not be deemed a gratuitous luxury, but a well deserved reward. As we celebrate together as regional counterparts, we want to acknowledge the efforts of the pioneers of this movement, Mrs. Elsa Clouden-Skeete (T&T) and Mr. 'Lexi' Joseph (St. Vincent). It would truly be a wonderful day when, as they envisioned it, all the government printers of the Caribbean are on board the train – it would be 'something the printers have, that the powers that be seem deficient in', to borrow Black Stalin's analogy. Colleagues, enjoy your stay and amidst all the recreation and entertainment, seek some spiritual fulfillment. May you return home refreshed and energized to continue pressing ahead in this noble profession of ours.

Eric R. Brathwaite Manager, Government Printery

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Welcome Message


from Chairman, Organising Committee

t is a distinct honour as Chairman of the Organizing Committee of the 2009 Caribbean Government Printers' Easterval Tours to welcome all my Caribbean colleagues and friends to Grenada the Spice Isle of the West Indies for the 19th annual Easterval Tour.

Friends, these tours avail us unique opportunities on an annual basis to interact socially, sportingly and professionally with each other, thereby creating bonds of friendship and linkages for functional cooperation among our respective Government Printries that are invaluable. Although we have organized an exciting and fun-filled schedule of events we know you will thoroughly enjoy, we want you to be also captivated by the natural beauty of our country and the warmth of its people. We pledge to do all within our power to make your stay in Grenada comfortable, enjoyable and filled with lasting memories of the 2009 Caribbean Government Printers' Easterval Tour.

Christopher Cornwall Chairman, Organising Committee Easterval 2009

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Caribbean Government Printers Easterval Tour, Grenada 9th – 13th April, 2009

Programme of Events DATE



Wednesday 8th April All Day th

Thursday 9 April Morning 7:30 p.m. – 10:30 p.m.

6:30 p.m.

Friday 10th April

9:00 a.m.

Saturday 11th April

9:30 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. 8:00 a.m. 2:30 p.m. 7:30 p.m

7:00 p.m.

Sunday 12th April 7:30 a.m. 11:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.

10:00 a.m.



Arrival of Delegates

Point Salines International

Arrival of Delegates Opening Ceremony/Cocktail

Point Salines International Grenada National Stadium Conference Room

Sports Day (Cricket, Football, Netball, and other Fun Games)

Tanteen Recreation Ground/Netball Court


St. George's/Grenville

Delegates Meeting

Government Printery

Caribbean Night (Countries serve up savoury indigenous cuisine)

Town and Country Guest House Belmont, St. George's

Church Service

Own choosing

Day Cruise – (Best of Grenada) (4hr. Onboard Party, Site Seeing from observation deck and Beach Bathing)

Rhum Runner (Catamaran), Carenage

Monday 13th April 9:00 a.m.

8:30 a.m.

Island Tour

Rendezvous: Botanical Gardens

7:30 p.m.

7:00 p.m.

Closing Ceremony

Grenada National Stadium Conference Room

Departure of Delegates

Point Salines International

Tuesday 14th April All Day

Liaison Officers CHRISTOPHER CORNWALL, Chief Liaison Officer 1 (473) 459-3171, 1 (473) 416-2418 ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES: Albert Glud 1 (473) 533-0012 Kevin Licorish 1 (473) 406-7838 Bobby Evans 1 (473) 407-5489

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO: Kenneth Bernard 1 (473) 403-0302 1 (473) 537-5918 Marcus Lawrence 1 (473) 419-5992 Nesha Phillip 1 (473) 414-8038

ST. KITTS & ST. LUCIA: Marlene Wynne 1 (473) 419-0594 Bernelle DuBois 1 (473) 440-4354 1 (473) 459-3532 Rholda Harris Troy George 1 (473) 536-4915 Judy James 1 (473) 533-8476 BARBADOS: 1 (473) 537-1208/ 1 (473) 406-1407 Janice Vincent 1 (473) 414-5585 Amanda Darbeau 1 (473) 414-5697 Roy Roberts

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LOCATION The tri-island State of Grenada, known as the Spice Isle of the Caribbean, comprises the islands of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. It is located at the southern tip of the Windward Islands, to the north of Trinidad and Tobago. The island of Grenada, itself, is located at 12° North Longitude and 61° 40' West Latitude. CAPITAL St. George's, located on the south-western coast of Grenada, is the capital. It displays a superb land-locked harbour and is the seat of Government as well as the main commercial area. CLIMATE Temperatures range from an average of 75F/24C to 89.6F/32C and are, generally, influenced by the Trade Winds. The “dry” season is usually from January to May, with the “rainy” season filling out the rest of the year. POPULATION Approximately 102,000 (statistics, 2001) persons of African, East Indian and European descent inhabit the three islands. GOVERNMENT The tri-island State is a former British Colony and possesses a Westminster-Style constitution with a legal system based on British Common Law. Like many other Caribbean countries, Grenada's parliament comprises two Houses – the Senate (Upper House) and the House of Representatives (Lower House). The Governor-General as Head-of-State is the representative of Her Majesty, the Queen. CURRENCY The Eastern Caribbean Dollar (EC$) is the local currency. The exchange rate is 2.7169 to US$1.00. US and CAN dollars and traveller's cheques are accepted by a number of business establishments. TAXES AND SERVICE CHARGE Departure Tax EC$ 25 (US$10) for persons aged 5-12 EC$50 (US$20) for persons aged13+ At hotels and restaurants an 8% Government Tax and 10% service charge are usually, added. Additional gratuities, such as “tips” for service, are at your own discretion.

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AIRPORTS Point Salines International Airport is located on the south-western tip of Grenada, approximately 4km from the main hotel area. CHURCHES Many religious denominations are represented in Grenada and their respective Churches can be found in most towns and villages. MEDICAL FACILITIES Government-owned hospitals: The General Hospital is located in St. George's. Princess Alice, a smaller Hospital in Mirabeau, on the east coast of Grenada and Princess Royal is located in Carriacou. There are also public health clinics and private doctors distributed throughout Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique. PRIVATE HOSPITALS: St. Augustine Medical Services (SAMS) Inc. is located in St. Paul's, St. George's. GENERAL BUSINESS HOURS BANKS: Mondays to Thursdays 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Fridays 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. SHOPS: Mondays to Fridays 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. / 7 p.m. Saturdays 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. SHOPPING MALLS: Mondays to Saturdays 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. GOVERNMENT OFFICES Government offices are distributed throughout the islands but the line Ministries are located in St. George's at the Ministerial Complex in Tanteen and the Financial Complex on the Carenage. Opening hours are from Monday to Friday, 8: a.m to 4 p.m. while the cashiers' services usually close at 3 p.m. POST OFFICES The Grenada Postal Corporation (440-2526) is located at Burns Point, St. George's. There is also a branch of the General Post Office at Grand Anse. Opening hours are from Monday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m.

The Government Printing Department was established by an Act of Parliament on the 1st June, 1957. It is responsible for printing statutory forms required by Ministries/Departments, annual Reports, the Official Gazette, Bills and Acts, Debates of Parliament. Its priority is connected mainly with the proceedings of the House of Assembly and the Senate, together with legislation which is submitted to Parliament for enactment.

Objectives: ? To develop efficient and economical

products and services. ? To produce a product of a high quality. ? To be able to deliver the finished products on

schedule. ? To be environmentally friendly in the production

process. ? To provide a working environment compatible to

the needs of the staff. The Department supplies printed stationery to all Ministries/Departments and Central Government. Revenue is derived from the sale of publications and legal notices published in the Official Gazette, subscription to the Official Gazette and the printing of other documents. The Department also provides binding work for other government Ministries/Departments of Central Government.

Mission Statement: "To provide printing and related services for Ministries/Departments of Central Government and a limited compensated service to government statutory agencies in an efficient and cost effective manner". Vision: The Government Printing Department shall be recognized for the delivery of high quality customer service and the consistent provision of superior technical quality in all its products.

For pure natural goodness

BREAD & PASTRIES Whole Grain, Whole Meal, Special Bread White & Whole Wheat Bread, Local and International Pastries CATERING Workshops/Conferences, Funerals, Brunches, Schools, Weddings, etc. IDEAL CUISINE AND BAR We cater for all occasions: Weddings, Cocktails, etc. We also have late night entertainment, live band and cable Belmont, St. George's, Main Office/Bakery/Outlet Tel: (473) 440-3131, Fax: 440-0573

Tanteen Outlet Tel: 440-9295

Melville Street (opp. the Bus Terminal) Outlet Tel: 435-4351

GENESIS: The Grenada Government Printery was established in 1885, one hundred and twenty-four years ago, by the then colonial government. Prior to acquiring its own printing facility, government's printing needs were met by a private printing firm, General Printing Office of Charles Wells and Son, a British company officially designated Printers to the Legislature. Through this private entity the government published the Grenada Gazette from 7th January, 1883 to fulfill the critical need for public information, including promulgation of legislation. Grenada Gazette was subsequently renamed Government Gazette when the Government's own printery was established in early 1885 and produced its first gazette, Volume 3, Issue No. 18 datelined Wednesday May 6, 1885. PURPOSE: From the colonial era to the present, the Government Printery has produced a wide array of printed products to facilitate the operations of Government. The range of products includes statutory forms and other office stationery, recording ledgers, receipt books, financial estimates, reports, posters, leaflets, books, booklets, brochures and ballot forms. A key function of the Printery, as noted earlier, is the publication of the Government Gazette with enacted principal and subsidiary laws promulgated for the “peace, order and good government of Grenada�. (Constitution of Grenada, sec. 38; sec.45 (3), (4)). DEVELOPMENT: Technology has impacted on printing significantly in the last century, and the Government Printery has felt the transformation. Progress was made from hand composition with movable lead type and letterpress printing

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through mechanical typesetting to the present status of computer typesetting/designing, offset lithographic/digital printing and desktop publishing. It is noteworthy that modernization efforts were precipitated by the 1990 Financial Complex fire which also gutted the building housing the Printery. In the period 1998 to 2004 the Printery purchased key pieces of equipment that vastly improved its service capacity and propelled it into the world of full colour production. A new state-of-the-art digital full colour press was acquired in 2008, giving the Printery the wherewithal to meet the high quality colour printing demands of the Public Sector.

ORGANISATION AND STAFFING: From all records available, it appears that the Government Printery has always operated as a Division under the umbrella of the Ministry of Finance. Senior officers in the Ministry of Finance were designated Managers of the Printery in the early years up to 1979, when for the first time a former Government Printer was appointed as Manager. The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Finance remains effectively the general manager of the Printery, while the Manager directs operations. Five members of staff (the Manager, Government Printer, and three Supervisors) constitute the on-plant management team of the Printery. The Printery can be divided into four sections: Administration/Stationery (6 persons); Composing /Graphics (7 persons); Press (7 persons) and Bindery (8 persons). In 2009 the staffing level stands at 26 persons, compared with a staff complement of 44 in 1985. Of the twenty-six (26) staff, eleven (11) are female. A number of staffers have undergone external training overseas and all have benefited from in-service training opportunities afforded by visiting qualified technical officers over




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Always There For You 24/7—365/12 Call Us On; 440-5443/440-3557 (office); 414-7266/406-0937 (cell)

Snug Corner, St. George's, Grenada, W.I

Printery Staff

time. At present, the Printery boasts combined staff work experience of 565 yrs. FUTURE PROSPECTS: Under the Public Service Management Improvement Project and in line with Government's commercialization policy, it is contemplated that the Printery be given greater autonomy so as to maximize productivity and be better positioned to undertake Private Sector printing. The following are some of the immediate and medium term goals of the Division: • Increase operational efficiency through special inservice training and external attachment courses for personnel in Graphics, Press and Bindery Sections; • Acquire computer-to-plate (CTP) system to phase out film-based plate making; • Acquire a digital full-colour press; (Achieved in 2008) • Institute an accounts section to administer accounting system for proper job costing, invoicing and financial management; • Institute system for producing and disseminating Government information products and legislation electronically for public consumption; • Introduction of ancillary services (eg. multimedia services). The longevity of the Government Printery speaks to its crucial role in the operations of Government. Its support of the communication, documentation, accounting and revenue collection functions of the Public Service is expected to grow even as the modus operandi of the Printery evolves with Public Sector Reform. Indeed, the printers will continue to make the right impressions.

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Government Printery started in 1966 with a staff of seven. The staff consists of a Government Printer, w h o w a s i n c h a rg e o f t h e establishment, a Cameraman, Senior Varitypist, and a Junior Varitypist, Binder and Assistant Binder and a Press Operator. Some of the earlier workers of the Printery are Egbert Lewis, Helen Woods, Pamela Tweed, Viola Galloway and our Deputy Prime Minister the Honourable Sam Terrence Condor, who was a Press Operator at that time. The main purpose of the Government Printery in those days was to publish the Official Gazette which consists of the Laws of the Federation of St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla. As the years progressed so did the establishment. It started to print all printing jobs for the Government Offices and Schools in the Federation. It moved from having a staff of seven to a staff of fifteen. Our equipment also improved as the years went on, with the introduction of the Varitype machine (which was a kind of Typewriter used to type all jobs). But now, there are modern Computers, with very capable Composers. We are hoping and working toward having a very modern printing establishment like those in our sister islands. The Binding and Press Rooms need to be updated. The Binders need to be trained in other binding techniques which would make them more creative and versatile in that area. In the Press

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room, we are not only looking to train the press

Some current staff members

operators but also working on getting a new coloured press. Our hope is to be able to send work from the composing room straight to the camera; therefore the camera room needs to be upgraded too. In the meantime we are hoping to try our hands at private jobs. It is felt that, this is a way in which we can bring in revenue to defray our expenses. It can safely be said that the Warming up for sack race and football game. workers here at the printery will be much more motivated, when a building would be and every member of our staff took part in the built for the printery with more space and better activities that were held. We cannot say that we ventilation and be equipped with all the modern have a club, because we are very small with a staff that is not sport oriented, however we do have facilities. members who are very interested in the Easterval The first time that we took part in the Easterval was and wish to be part of it. in 2006, when it was held in St Kitts. We can safely say that it was one of those times we will not forget easily. Indeed it was an honour to host such an event A Happy and Blessed Easterval 2009 to all.

Homade Bakery


or fresh bread and pastries at all times.

We offer a variety of Local and International pastries for any occasion Open Mon. - Fri. 7:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. Sat. 7:00 a.m. - 1:00 p.m.

473-440-2375 Tanteen, St. George's

There is no formal documentary evidence available to verify the inception of the Government Printery. However, verbal reports indicates that the Printery has been around since the turn of the 20th century (1913). The Printery was then located in a back yard opposite the Royal St. Lucia Police Force Headquarters on upper Bridge Street, Castries. However, from since the 1948 Castries fire, which totally destroyed most, if not all of the physical infrastructural development of the then town, the government printery has been housed on a two floor building on the corner of Laborie and Jeremie Street. The Printery's primary purpose is to supply government related forms to all ministries and departments in the execution of their respective mandate. Additionally the Printery is responsible for the weekly publication of the government's official gazette. A gazette can be defined as an official government journal announcing government's policy, appointments and promotions. The Printery is a department that falls under the portfolio of the Office of the Prime Minister, which is headed administratively by the Cabinet Secretary, however the onsite officer in charge is the manager. The Honourable Prime Minister is responsible for the policy direction of the Printery. On the 18th of March 2002 the Cabinet of Ministers decided on a name change to what was formerly known as the Government Printing Establishment to the National Printing Corporation (NPC). The changing of the institution's name is to facilitate directing the organization down the commercialization route, which would then allow the modus operandi of the organization to change. The Printery operates on a recurrent budget voted and approved annually by the Parliament of St. Lucia. The current

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staffing complement of the Government Printery stands at twenty eight (28) employees of varying competencies and abilities. The department is made up of four (4) sections namely Administration, Computer Room, Bindery and Pressroom.

Printery members on 2007 Tour in St. Kitts

The Government Printing Office was established approximately one hundred and sixtyone (161) years ago, by a gentleman known as Mr. John Drape who introduced printing in St. Vincent around 1844, and became the first Government Printer. However no official date was given for Mr. Drape’s retirement or departure from the printery. He was however succeeded by Mr. Winsboro who held the position of Government Printer until 1924 when he died while in office.

STAFFING: The Government Printery presently houses a total of fifty-seven (57) persons. Forty three (43) regular staff workers; Four (4) persons working on behalf of the Library Department; Two (2) persons working

Printery Management and Staff

Mr. J. B. Garraway, who was not only an accomplished printer, but held a Diploma in Binding, took over from Mr. Winsboro. Mr. Garraway, so far, has held the record as being the longest serving Government Printer. He retired in 1954. Several other persons would have held the prestigious position of Government Printer over the years, including Mr. Theodore Roberts from 1954-1962; Mr. Fitz James from 1962-1966; Mr. Ornold Dowers from 1966-1978; Mr. Osnell Bentick from 1978-1992; Mr. Adolphus Miller from 1992-1995; Mr. Harold Llewellyn from 1995-2001. The present Government Printer is Mr. Othniel White. Mr. White took over from Mr. Llewellyn in 2001 and is presently serving. In the early years, printing was a much longer process. In those days, there were no Linotype machines, no monotype machines, no offset presses and no automatic or mechanically operated printing presses. All types were manually set by hand, which caused the process to be long and tedious. We however saw a transformation from “Lead-type printing” (monotype and linotype), to modernised computerised printing. This transformation would have caused the printery to expand its staff due to increase work-load.

on behalf of the Registry Department; Five (5) Temporary Workers; One (1) person on assignment and Two (2) YES Workers. PROGRESS MADE OVER THE YEARS: Over the years, three new areas were introduced in the printery to ensure efficiency and effectiveness. They are as follows: Quality Control Office/Officer, Production Officer and Graphic Artist. SPORTS CLUB: The Government Printery Sports and Cultural Club was formed in January, 1991. In 1996, we developed our constitution to govern the operations of the club. The current executive is made up of seven (7) persons, with Mrs. Michelle Gould as President; Vice President, Mr. Raymond Yorke; Secretary, Mrs. Sophia Hinds; Treasurer, Mr. Ulric Charles; Secretary/Treasurer, Mrs. Dezarie Hackshaw; Committee Members, Mr. Cardinal Roberts and Mr. Ertly Hunt.

FUNCTIONS OF THE PRINTERY: The main functions of the printery are: (1) To print the Government Gazette and other Legislation, and (2) To print other forms and documents for Ministries, Departments, Statutory Bodies and other governmental institutions on a daily basis.

Present Executive, Government Printery Sports and Cultural Club

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The first Government Printery was set up in 1873 and was situated at 9, Chacon Street, Port of Spain. Mr. Henry James Clark was appointed as the first Government Printer and also served as Chief Clerk, Proofreader and General Manager, all wrapped into one. In 1880 the Legislative Council voted £3084 for the erection of a new Printing Office. The new Printery was built in the Tranquility District and opened on or about 28th September, 1881. At that time, the Royal Gazette and other Government publications were printed by the Government Printer but the functions of storage and sales were placed in the hands of the Colonial Storekeeper.

• • •

The Ministry of Information is a major player in the transformation efforts presently afoot to ensure the delivery of public sector services in an efficient, effective and timely manner. The Trinidad Government Printery, as a Division of the Ministry is committed to ensuring its mandate is fulfilled as one of the principal drivers on the road to developed nation status.

Purpose: Since its establishment the Government Printery has been responsible for supplying the printing needs of the Office of the President, all Government Ministries and Departments and the sale of important publications. Documents printed at the Government Printery include: · · · · · · · ·

Acts, Bills and legal Notices Trinidad and Tobago Gazette Hansard Stock Forms (e.g. vacation, registration forms) Receipts Ballots Budget Documents Reports etc.

The Printery also provides bookbinding services and rubber stamps. Organisation and Staffing: The Government Printery is currently a Division under the Ministry of Information and the total staff complement is over 300. Future Prospects: A rationalization exercise is presently underway to restructure and modernise the Government Printery. Activities include: •

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The setting up of a Transformation Team to oversee the rationalization process

A revised organizational structure Outsourcing of jobs Implementation of a revised distribution framework for government publications by partnering with NALIS, and TTconnect Service centres.

Administrative Staff

Chronology of significant changes over the years: 1873 1894

First Government Printery established. Post of Government Printer abolished. Post of Manager introduced. 1901 Printing Department placed under Colonial Secretary. 1906 The Stereotype was started. 1922 Mr. Rhodes introduced the Monotype machine to Trinidad and a new era for the Office. Typesetting capacity increased considerably with just one Keyboard and Caster. 1944-52 Complete change of Machinery in press room. 1945 Sales and Records Office was introduced. 1952 A Printing Mural was commissioned. The mural was unique for printing offices anywhere in the world. 1954 The Rubber Stamp Section started. 1956 Both the Varitype Machine and the Offset Section were introduced. 1974 Civil and Public Service hours of work reduced to 36 hours. Technical workers got a 40-hour work week and the Printery stopped working on Saturdays. 1998 Eleven pieces of machinery were installed at Government Printery. In Composing and Press Room some machinery was scrapped e.g., Monotype and Miehles. The Printery as a Division was moved to a new Ministry.

Caribbean Printers' Easterval Tour – Its Origin By Ms. Elsa Clouden-Skeete, Trinidad Government Printery Over the many years of the Colonial Era, printers have travelled to the Mother Country, England and to other countries in the Caribbean to be trained in different aspects of printing, including new technology. Our colonial past left almost all of the dependencies with their own Printing Department, printing been one of the cherished crafts of the Empire. (One thing that did not survive was the annual bonus that printers in Trinidad received from the Crown: in the 60's, 24 cents for each printer which was eventually increased to 60 cents up until 1976, when it was discontinued as we attained Republic status.) Much can be said about the appreciation and gratitude of the Crown for Printers. Since in the 1960's printers from St. Vincent and the Grenadines came to Trinidad and Tobago for training in different areas of printing. The 1990's were no exception. Then came Mr. Alexis Joseph in 1990, a very amicable Caribbean man who, while focused on his training, was very interested in the way our Sports Club was being run. With Rule Book in hand and a little persuasion from the then Secretary of the Sports Club, Ms. Elsa Clouden (a woman of Grenadian roots on her father's side and Vincentian roots on her mother's side -- a real callaloo of the Caribbean), Mr. Joseph followed through on Elsa's ultimatum to form a Sports Club at the St.Vincent Government Printery. In 1990 when our Netball Team received twelve tickets to Barbados, the prize for winning the All Sectors Netball League, we decided instead to

exchange it to visit St. Vincent in 1991. This was in fact the birth of Caribbean Printers' Easterval Tours. St. Vincent reciprocated in 1992. With such good and pleasant memories from our interaction with St. Vincent, we both agreed that we had to share this feeling, this joy, with the other Caribbean Islands. We embarked on this journey, hoping to do our part in integrating the Caribbean where the politicians have failed. So far, we have succeeded in networking 6 islands into the Printers' Tours. It has been a difficult task but with some more committed, youthful and energetic personalities emerging, maybe we will be able to incorporate more of our regional Printeries in the not too distant future. It would be a wonderful day when the many countries that were invited (Antigua, Jamaica, Guyana, Turks and Caicos Island, The Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Belize and Tortola) respond positively and share the camaraderie. We can sincerely try to encourage Dominica and St. Kitts to be with us more frequently and indeed, all other islands to come on board this regional integration train. Elsa and “Lexi”

Down Easterval's Memory Lane

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Easterval 2009 “Breakin' Pics”

Ha Ha Ha Test your Printing Knowledge— Match column 1 with its appropriate definition in column 2 A woman called the ? Canon help desk with a problem with her printer. The Tech asked her if she was "running it under Windows." The w o m a n responded, "No, my desk is next to the door. But that's a good point. The man sitting in the cubicle next to me is under a window, and his is working fine." I had been doing Tech Support for Hewlett? Packard's DeskJet division for about a month when I had a customer call with a problem I just couldn't solve. She could not print yellow. All the other colors would print fine, which truly baffled me because the only true colors are cyan, magenta, and yellow. For instance, green is a combination of cyan and yellow, but green printed fine. Every color of the rainbow printed fine except for yellow. I had the customer change ink cartridges. I had the customer delete and reinstall the drivers. Nothing worked.


A font walks up to Gill Sans and asks: “Do you ? want to go out with me?” Gill Sans says “No!” “Why don't you want to go out with me?” the other font asks.Gill Sans: “Because you're Grotesque!”

C. Color proofs in layers of acetate:

5. FLAT:


F. A rough layout of a printed piece showing position and finished size.


G. Pressing an image into paper so that it will create a raised relief.


H. An assembly of negatives taped to masking materials for platemaking.



10. MOIRE:

A quality control devise to measure the density of printing ink.

J. Reoccurring unplanned spots that appear in the printed image from dust, lint, dried ink.


K. Portion of paper on which ink can appear.

12. REAM:

L. Positioning printed pages so they will fold in the proper order.

13. GRAIN:

M. Putting an image on paper.


N. All the activities required to prepare a press for printing.

15. DUMMY:

O. Occurs when screen angles are wrong causing odd patterns in photographs.


P. The image on film that makes the white areas of originals black and black areas white. Q. Unit of measure in typesetting. One pica = 1/6 inch.


R. The computer language most recognized by printing devices.


S. Five hundred sheets of paper.


T. A sheet of printed pages which when folded become a part of a book or publication.

21. PICA:

U. Any surface on which printing is done. Answers at bottom of page

A man attempting to set up his new printer called ? the printer's tech support number, complaining about the error message: "Can't find the printer." On the phone, the man said he even held the printer up in front of the screen, but the computer still couldn't find it.

B. Printing that goes to the edge of the sheet after trimming.

4. DENSITOMETER: D. The direction in which the paper fiber lie. E. The degree of color or darkness of an image or photograph.

17. DENSITY: I asked my coworkers for help; they offered no new ideas. After over two hours of troubleshooting, I was about to tell the customer to send the printer in to us for repair when she asked quietly, "Should I try printing on a piece of white paper instead of this yellow paper?"

A. The thick rubber mat on a printing press that transfers ink from the plate to paper.

A PUZZLE? Read each line aloud without making any mistakes. If you make a mistake you MUST start again without going any further.

Two fonts walk into the bar, and the barman says, ? “Sorry lads, we don't serve your type.”

This This This This This This This This This This This

What type of diabetes is a graphic designer most ? likely to get diagnosed with? Type 1

(Now go back and read the THIRD word in each line from the top.)

“Did you hear? Comma and Period got ? married.” “Really? Comma's a great guy, but who's Period?” “Some moody chick he picked up at the Crossbar a year ago.” “I bet she's perfect for him.” “Yep, she's always finishing his sentences.”

is is is is is is is is is is is

this puzzle is puzzle how puzzle to puzzle keep puzzle an puzzle idler puzzle busy puzzle for puzzle forty puzzle seconds! puzzle

What did the typographer say to the printer who ? wouldn't stop talking? “Get to the point.” What is the type designer's favorite breakfast? ? Kern flakes!

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Answers to Test Your Printing Knowledge 1. T, 2.N, 3.R, 4.I, 5.H, 6.L, 7.C, 8.G, 9.B, 10.O, 11.J, 12.S, 13.D, 14.P, 15.F, 16.M, 17.E, 18.K, 19.A, 20.U, 21.Q

Snapshot of

THE PRINTING PROCESS STEP 1 - Design/Scanning The designer plans and creates the publication, in consultation with the client, deciding such issues as the format and number of colors in the piece. During this stage, a prepress service may supply digital proofs to help the designer make colour decisions. Art not prepared on a computer can be translated into digital form for manipulation and incorporation into electronic pages. Highend scanners can be used to produce good results for processcolour work. Black-and-white and low-end colour art can be scanned with desktop scanners. STEP 2 - Imagesetting For high-resolution output, electronic files are first sent to a raster image processor (RIP), which translates the data into a pattern of dots that can be exposed by the imagesetter onto paper or film. Processing The output is then developed by a separate film processor. STEP 3 - Off-press Proofing It is the proofreader's and designer's responsibility to carefully check the quality and completeness of the output. Signing off on the proofs indicates that those are the results the designer expects on press. STEP 4 - Stripping and Imposition Once the individual pages or parts of a job have been created and approved, the pages are arranged into units called flats, which hold all of the images that will be printed with plates. Imposition can be done manually or electronically. STEP 5 - Platemaking Once the imposed film is proofed and approved, the printer uses the film to expose printing plates. In some cases, plates can be created without film, by exposing them directly on a platesetter (CTP, computer to plate technology).

HP Indigo 5500 Digital full-colour Press


How He Enriched the World! WHICH invention of the the television, or the mo past thousand years has most influenced your mechanized printing. Thetorcar? Probably it was none of these. Accord life? Was it the telephone, ing to many experts, it Johannes Gensfleisch zur man who is given credit for the invention of was the been described as “the Laden, better known as Johannes Gutenberg. first practical method is great German contributi Gu tenberg's brainchild has printing masterpiece the on so- called 42-line Guten to civilization.” Each surviving copy of his berg Bible is worth a for tune. Gutenberg's invention spr ead rap idl y. By the yea towns and 12 other Eur r 1500, there were pri op communications revolutio ean countries. “The development of printing nting presses in 60 German amounted to a n,” sta tes The New Enc a great many improvem ents were made in the meyclopædia Britannica. “ Over the next 500 yea remained essentially the rs chanics of printing, but same.” the fundamental proces s Printing transformed Eur privileged. News and inf opean life, since knowledge was no longer the things going on around ormation began to reach the common man, wh preserve of the him. Printing made it nec o bec standard written form tha essary to give each of the ame more aware of t eve national languages ryo ne cou ld und erstand. Hence, the Eng languages were standa rdi lish, French, and Germana astronomically. Prior to zed and preserved. The demand for reading ma after his death, there weGutenberg there were a few thousand manuscrip terial increased re millions of books. ts in Europe; 50 years Courtesy Awake.

STEP 6 - Printing Traditional Offset: The plates, ink, and paper are mounted on a press and the job begins to run. The press operators refer to the proofs to adjust ink balance and colour on press. Digital Offset: Electronic files are sent directly from computer to a digital offset press with specifications as to ink balance and colour, layout etc. prescribed by graphic designer. STEP 7 - Folding, Binding, and Finishing During finishing operations, machines may be used to fold, gather, bind, trim, and otherwise complete the job. STEP 8 - Stationery Finished jobs are consigned to Stationery Section for distribution or sale to Ministries or general public respectively.

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The Spice of the Caribbean

Grenada is known as the Spice Island of the Caribbean as it has more spices per square metre than any other place on the planet. Grenada is also the second largest producer of nutmegs in the world. Throughout history spices have served many purposes from flavouring foods to curing illness, and many of the world's spices are found in Grenada, giving the island a unique fragrance and the reputation of the Isle of Spice

NUTMEG Nutmeg is used for flavouring meat such as roasted lamb, and vegetable dishes such as carrots and cauliflower, as well as cakes, pies, cookies and mincemeat. It is also used in the making of jams, jellies and syrup. Nutmeg can also be grated on to a 'hot toddy' – a mixture of rum, lime and honey, rum punch and eggnog. On island you can find nutmeg ice cream and nutmeg cheesecake. CINNAMON Cinnamon is used as a spice or condiment, and for flavouring cakes, puddings and all sweet dishes. It gives a delicious flavour to broiled grapefruit, sautÊed or baked bananas or any apple or pineapple dishes. Use to flavour hot spiced drinks, and also makes a tea, which is good for colds. TUMERIC Turmeric is known in Grenada as Saffron. It is an ingredient of curry powder and also gives the yellow colour to prepared mustard. Turmeric is used to flavour and colour meats, rice and breads. It gives exotic flavour and colour to creamed shellfish, fish and egg cookery, vegetables, salad dressings, pickles chow chow and relishes. CLOVES Cloves are used whole for decorating legs of ham and pork, especially at Christmas. It can also be used whole or crushed to flavour meat and fish dishes, fruit cakes and sweet dishes, and in some pickles, stewed fruits and preserves. GINGER Ginger is used to flavour cakes, breads and drinks, such as gingerbread and ginger beer. It can also be used in

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spicy puddings, cakes, cookies, pumpkin pies, and baked, stewed or preserved sauces. Ginger is frequently added to stews, pot roasts, barbecued spare ribs, baked beans, Chinese cookery, chutneys, and dressings for fruit salads. For interesting flavour rub a roasted chicken with ginger and butter. MACE Mace can be used for seasoning soups, wine and fruit sauces, stews, pickles and seafood. Mace has a mild nutmeg-like flavour and is used for baked foods, cakes, doughnuts, puddings, fruit pies and cookies. It is the bright red covering that is wrapped around the shell of the nutmeg when fresh. BAY LEAVES The West Indian Bay Leaf is different from the bay leaf used in European and American cooking. Its spicy flavour enhances the taste of soups, casseroles, meat and vegetable dishes, puddings, custards as well as hot drinks. It can also be used by itself as a tea. TONKA BEAN Tonka Bean has the shape of an almond, with a similar flavour to vanilla, and is often a substitute to vanilla. It is used in making essence by adding a little alcohol to two Tonka Beans and a stick of cinnamon and leaving it to saturate for two weeks. It is ideal grated into cakes, puddings and all sorts of sweet dishes, and is a must for Grenadian Coconut Bread. PIMENTO OR ALLSPICE Allspice is believed to combine the flavours of cinnamon, clove and nutmeg, hence its name. It can be used as a pickling spice, in ketchup and sausages, for curing meats or for flavouring wines, meat dishes, and stewed fruit and spice cakes.

Courtesy Grenada Board of Tourism

Sites of Interest in Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique

Food fair 1/2 pg

The Carenage, St. George's • 435-0219

Courtesy Grenada Board of Tourism



The Future of Printing Back in the 1980's, futurists predicted that by the year 2000, paper would virtually disappear and be replaced by computers, electronic mail, and digital communications. During the 90's, with most offices reliant on computers and word processors, it seemed very likely. And at the advent of the millennium, the new media of e-mail and the Internet made the paperless office almost a certainty. But a funny thing happened. Instead of paper disappearing, there was a demand for more paper than ever. As information became more accessible through the sheer amount of content available over the Internet, it created a need to print material that was formerly either not obtainable, or available through a different media. The most common things that are printed off of computers today are (in order) e-mail, research, news, and entertainment. The speed of the Internet has given us instant gratification, which has made us less patient and more demanding. Consumers have been spoiled by easy access to high quality, inexpensive color printers. This easy access to advanced technology has made virtually anyone with desktop publishing and user-friendly software able to produce professional looking newsletter, flyers, invitations, etc. New innovations will be driven by consumer demand for more portability. With wireless computers will come wireless printers for PDA's and laptops in airports, hotels, parks,and libraries.

changes and updates to be made easily. With additional software and some programming knowledge, these documents could produce personalized and customized documents. Smaller print runs, tailored to the specific customer, will allow companies to treat their customers differently, with special VIP treatment to their more valued clients. Making the message more relevant to the reader increases the interest, strongly improving the response rate and increasing the likelihood of the sale, usually with a larger ROI. This will give rise to newspapers with articles and advertising relevant to readers, product packaging can be more customized, and catalogues designed specifically for a single customer. Digital printing will co-exist with off-set, but you will see printers working in different media in addition to paper (such as LED) to produce signs and point-of-purchase materials. The paperless office or even the printer-less society shows no signs of becoming a reality, at least for the foreseeable future. From

So where does that leave the print industry? Will that disappear or will it evolve to a different level? Printers will need to re-create themselves if they are to be players in the new playing field. Skills such as programming, database management, and web designing will be necessary. And new equipment such as digital printing and software will be common. Although there will still be a need for the offset printing presses and sheet-fed rollers which can produce large print runs, 4 & 5 -color processes, and a myriad of finishing options, we are beginning to see a paradigm shift from just-in-case stockpiling to just-in-time printing. Digital technology has made all that possible. Documents stored on disk or tape are available to print the exact quantity needed for any particular moment in time. Digital technology allows


We are very grateful to the following entities for their invaluable support The Government of Grenada The Police/SSU Independence Agencies Ltd. Star Agency (Grenada) Ltd. Food Fair (Hubbard) Ideal Bakery St. George's University Glenelg Natural Spring Water LIME (Gda.) Gittens Agencies Ltd. De La Grenade Industries Caribbean Agro Industries Ltd. Steele's Auto Supplies Ltd.

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Deco Industries Ltd. Grenada Co-operative Nutmeg Association Grenada Distillers Ltd. Grenada Board of Tourism Grenada Co-operative Bank Ltd. Homade Bakery D.A. Munroe & Sons Ltd. The Country Cold Store Ltd. La Qua Brothers Funeral Home Grenada Marketing & National Importing Board Blue Danube Bakery Choice Bakery Real Value Supermarket

Bryden & Minors Ltd. Going Places Travel CLICO International Life Insurance Life Ltd. National Stadium Authority LA Purcell Ltd. Spice Island Inn Raymond's Transport Service Mr. Chester Palmer Sir Paul Scoon The Grenadian by Rex Resort Duty Free Caribbean Sir Daniel Williams Dr. Francis Alexis

Attention Grenadians! Listen to this:

In hard times like now you must know who are your friends. You must be careful when doing business with Tom Jones and his half brothers. Now L.A. Purcell have the goods with free delivery, the lowest interest, the lowest prices on Hire Purchase and with little or no down payment. Above all, L.A. served you well for over fifty years and does not take back the raincoat. Remember Purcell's Motto "Cash if you have it or Credit if you want it" See the Favourite L.A. Today

L.A. Purcell P.O. Box 40 Granby Street, St. George's, Grenada, W.I. St. George's Tel: 1-473-440-2767/2438 Furniture FaxPhone: (473) 440-2084 River Road Tel: (473) 440-3647, Fax: (473) 435-4824

Easterval 2009 - Government Printery  

The Grenada Government Printery Sports and Cultural Club hosts the Nineteenth Caribbean Government Printers' “Easterval Tour” in April 2009.

Easterval 2009 - Government Printery  

The Grenada Government Printery Sports and Cultural Club hosts the Nineteenth Caribbean Government Printers' “Easterval Tour” in April 2009.