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CRRS Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies Winter Newsletter 2016-2017


Letter from the Director

It has been a good autumn term for the CRRS. I have enjoyed conversations about Renaissance matters with so many of my colleagues here at the Centre: professors from many departments, fellows, graduate students, and undergraduates in our Renaissance Studies program. We bid farewell this year to David Hoeniger, who founded our institution more than a half century ago, leaving to us a library of books largely by and about the Renaissance scholar Erasmus. We celebrated David Hoeniger and our constitution by hosting as our Erasmus speaker Ann Blair, who spoke to us about Erasmus and his scribes. Our events calendar has been particularly full. The Centre sponsored a conference on Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso, marking the five hundredth anniversary of its publication and its reception since. And we welcomed two foreign scholars, Barbara Baert from Leuven (Belgium) and Franciszek Skibiński from Toruń (Poland), who gave inspiring lectures on notions of time in the Renaissance and on Humanist culture in the Baltic. Professors Baert and Skibiński also took part in a conference on Netherlandish sculpture, sharing the stage with graduate students and fellows at the Centre. I wish you all a restful and enjoyable vacation and look forward to seeing you in the New Year.

Ethan Matt Kavaler Director, Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies


New Undergraduate Assistants The Corbet Undergraduate Assistantships offer training, financial support, and a vibrant intellectual community to promising undergraduate students who demonstrate a commitment to Renaissance studies. Together with the graduate fellows, the Corbet Assistants welcome and assist patrons at the CRRS front desk, and they are involved in a variety of CRRS projects, from conferences to rare books. The 2016-17 Corbet Assistants are:

Sebastiano Bazzichetto Sebastiano is in the final year of his PhD in Italian Studies. He has dedicated extensive attention to Italian Baroque poetry and arts of the first half of the seventeenth century. His areas of interest also include music, Baroque melodrama, the history of opera, and ballet.

Kelsey Cunningham Kelsey is in the fourth year of her BA in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese. At the graduate level, she hopes to combine her interest in grassroots healthcare practices with her passion for literary studies to investigate representations of well-being, illness and marginality within the contexts of colonial and neo-colonial Latin America. Kelsey has been associated with the Centre for the past three years as an invaluable Publications Assistant, and continues to provide technical and administrative support to CRRS Publications while at the front desk.

Elizabeth (Beth) Mattison Elizabeth is a PhD Candidate in the Department of the History of Art. Her research explores the development of sculpture in the early modern Netherlands. She focuses particularly on the phenomenon of cultural transfer and artistic migration in the Prince-Bishopric of Liège in the first half of the sixteenth century. Her research interests include the construction of visual narratives in different media, notions of performativity and sculpture, the role of art in public space, and the visual culture and patronage in Picardy.

Rachel Hart Rachel Hart is a fourth year Trinity College student. She is completing a Renaissance Studies major, with a double minor in Italian and English. Rachel began her studies at the U of T in the Italian Department, with the goal of complementing her study of opera with language training. She soon discovered Renaissance literature and became fully enamoured with the academic world. A graduate of the Canadian College of Performing Arts, she is now an active member of the campus theatre scene. However, she balances thespianism with enthusiastic devotion to eighteenth-century English satirists, the history of drama, and most significantly, all things Early Modern.

Graduate Fellows & Assistants

Joel Rodgers Joel is a doctoral candidate in the Department of English, specializing in sixteenth and seventeenth-century English poetry and drama (e.g. William Shakespeare, Edmund Spenser, and John Donne). His more specific research interests include intersections between law and literature; the history of corporations and citizenship; literary, legal, and political conceptions of personhood; early modern republicanism and nationalism; intellectual history, including Machiavelli’s reception in England, as well as discourses of friendship and sexuality. He also works as a humanities TA trainer with the Teaching Assistants’ Training Program (TATP) at the Centre for Teaching Support and Innovation (CTSI) on the St. George campus. His position at the CRRS was created specifically to promote student outreach and initiatives, and he is currently developing new undergraduate study opportunities at the Centre. He also runs a reading group on early modern politics at the CRRS.

Samantha Chang Samantha is a PhD student from the Graduate Department of Art at University Elisa Tersigni of Toronto. A professional flutist and Elisa Tersigni is a PhD candidate in the conductor, Samantha graduated from Department of English and in Book the Royal Academy of Music in London History & Print Culture. Her research (England), and she is a fellow of the Trinity brings together analytical bibliography and College London and the London College of algorithmic methodologies to examine Music. Samantha’s research explores the conceptual relationships writing, printing, and the English language between visual arts and music in the early modern period, during the English Reformation. She is the specifically those of artistic identity, temporality, synesthesia, Senior Printer at Massey College’s Bibliography Room and teaches and performativity. Her current research project examines the Bibliography & Print Culture at St. Michael’s College’s Book & representation of music in the painter’s studio. Media Studies program. Elisa brings her experience in museums and rare-book libraries to the CRRS, where she works extensively with the rare-book collection, and mentors practicum students.


Graduate Fellows & Assistants

CRRS Staff

Deni Kasa Natalie Oeltjen, Assistant to the Director Deni is a PhD Candidate in the Department Natalie Oeltjen received her PhD in 2012 of English. His research addresses the from the Centre for Medieval Studies, relationship between religious grace and specializing in the Jews and conversos political agency in early modern literature, of Spain & the Mediterranean, 1300particularly in Shakespeare, Spenser and 1600. Her dissertation focused on the Milton. His research and teaching interests institutional and economic determinants extend into literary theory, the history of of communal identity among the conversos the Reformation, politcal philosophy, and liberal theory. Deni is of Majorca, 1391-1416. She was a Lady Davis postdoctoral fellow also assisting with the organization of this year’s Canada Milton at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem before joining the CRRS in seminar. the fall of 2013. Noam Tzvi Lior Karen Read, Financial Coordinator Noam is a PhD candidate at the Centre Karen has been an invaluable asset to for Drama, Theatre and Performance the CRRS since 2008. With a Business Studies. His dissertation, “Shakespeare Management degree and over 30 years of at Play: Editing the Multimedia e-book,” financial accounting experience, Karen is explores the challenges and opportunities responsible for the accounting, finances, that digital editions (especially multimedia and budgets of the CRRS. When not at the editions) offer to editing theory, university, she is involved in promoting bibliography, and drama/theatre theory. healthy eating with her wellness chef partner, and developing Noam is a director and dramaturge who has worked on a variety of healthy, tasty baked goods for their café at the Vaughan City Hall. early modern productions, including directing Robert Daborne’s A Christian Turn’d Turk for the Centre’s Early Modern Migrations conference in 2012. Anita Siraki, Webmaster Anita is a Master’s student in the Faculty Noam is the co-developer of Shakespeare at Play, a company which of Information in the Library and creates e-book editions of Shakespeare’s plays with embedded Information Science concentration. At video performances. For Shakespeare at Play, he has co-directed, the graduate level, she is pursuing the dramaturged, edited, and annotated Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, Collaborative Program in Book History & Hamlet, and A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Print Culture. She works as the webmaster Leslie Wexler at the CRRS. Leslie continues in her role as the graduate fellow in Publications and Promotions Chris Harry, Rare Books & Digitization and is also a PhD candidate in the Chris is a Master’s student in the Faculty departments of English and the School of Information, with a concentration in for the Environment, where she works on Archives and Records Management, as the representations of insects in the early well as the Book History & Print Culture modern natural history. Her interests at collaborative program. His studies the Centre include event promotions, poster design, programs have focused on the construction and and managing the Centre’s publication series. Leslie also runs transmission of books, from the circulation the weekly tea time at the Centre where visiting, current and of the first printed books to the impact of placing locks on ebooks. past fellows and faculty associated with the Centre can gather on Tuesdays starting at 2:30pm. Aidan Flynn, Office & Events Aidan Flynn is a third-year Victoria College student completing a double Lindsay Sidders major in Art History and Renaissance Lindsay is a PhD candidate in the Studies with a minor in English. He department of History. Her dissertation plans to pursue graduate studies in Art is based upon the writings of Alonso de History, with a focus on Iconoclasm in la Mota y Escoabar in his role as (creole) the context of the early- to mid-sixteenth Bishop of both Guadalajara and Tlaxcalacentury Protestant Reformations. Aidan Puebla, New Spain (Mexico). In the last assists with the planning of academic colloquia and provides year she has been parsing out methods, administrative support to the CRRS. He is a lover of the arts, a tea modes, and practices of constructing the self and the Hispanicenthusiast, and a supporter of the Oxford comma. Catholic empire from 1590-1625.

Work-Study Assistants

Christine Emery, Publications


Work Study Assistants con’t Christine is a fourth-year undergraduate student majoring in Book and Media studies, with minors in English and German Studies. Her academic interests include printing history during the Renaissance, and rise of literacy after the development of the Gutenberg Press.

Congratulations

With so many new graduate fellows amongst the Centre’s staff, that also means we have said congratulations and goodbye to many of our long-standing graduate student friends and colleagues over the past few months: Tianna Uchacz: Dr. Tianna Uchacz received her PhD from the Department of the History of Art in June 2016. Her dissertation, entitled “The Sensual Body and Artistic Prowess in Netherlandish Painting ca. 1540–70,” expressed new ideas around the the themes, forms, and functions of the erotic nude in Netherlandish art. Part of her research is detailed in her forthcoming article, “Mars, Venus, Vulcan: Equivocal Erotics and Art in Sixteenth-Century Antwerp Painting,” in Netherlandish Culture of the Sixteenth-Century, Ethan Matt Kavaler and Anne-Laure Van Bruaene eds. (Turnhout: Brepols).

Dr. Colin S. Rose completed his PhD in the Department of History in the spring of 2016, and is now Assistant Professor of European and Digital History at Brock University in St. Catherines, Ontario. Colin completed his BA at the University of Toronto, his MA at Dalhousie University in Halifax, and returned to U of T for his PhD. In recent years, Colin worked as the Lead Research Assistant for DECIMA (Digitally Encoded Census Information and Mapping Archive), where he has been responsible for overseeing project design and execution, and for GIS (Geographic Information Systems) cartography. His work on the project allows historians to better understand the role of physical space, and movement through it, in shaping the daily lives of early modern city dwellers. Colin is particularly interested in digital applications as a medium through which one can analyze and represent the flexible and dynamic relationships between spaces, social action and spatial representations of behaviour. The CRRS community has enjoyed Colin’s friendship and contributions for many years - Colin started at the CRRS as a Corbet Undergraduate Assistant in 2007. He fixed and developed all things digital, including the CRRS website, and his colleagues here have been fortunate to benefit also his energetic mentoring, leadership and teaching capabilities. Earlier this year, we celebrated Colin’s first publication with Professor Nicholas Terpstra on the same research, which can now be found in the University of Toronto libraries (and at the CRRS): Mapping Space, Sense and Movement in Florence: Historical GIS and the Early Modern City.

Tianna joined the Centre in 2014, and her work in spearheading and reshaping the visual aesthetics of the Centre’s promotional material has been invaluable. Her gift for design led many in the Centre to expand their current models of its promotion and visual identity. In the final year of her fellowship, Tianna had begun shaping the branding of the Centre so as to invite a larger audience to its unique atmosphere and collegial space. She was a natural We miss Colin’s institutional memory, his dedication to the CRRS, choice for the design team that, under the direction of the current and his enthusiastic participation in its archives as well as his Director Ethan Matt Kavaler, will produce a new publication out diligent curation of its online presence. We wish him the best. of the Centre entitled Early Modern Cultural Studies. The thematic scope will allow works in this series to investigate trends and events Brys Stafford: in cultural, intellectual, social, political, and economic history Brys is finishing his PhD in the Department which are indicative of both change and continuity with the past. of Spanish and Portuguese. His dissertation examines descriptions of urban space in Tianna has held fellowships at Utrecht University and at the literature of late medieval and early Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte in Munich, where she modern Spain. introduced workshop participants to the emergence of a new and experimental figural mode in sixteenth century Netherlandish While focusing on the urban, Brys also painting: the erotic heroic. Tianna is currently a postdoctoral became interested in the remote, as he left fellow with the Making and Knowing Project, under the supervision the CRRS after 5 fruitful years to take up a of Professor Pamela H. Smith at Columbia University in New York professional teaching position in the far North of Canada with an City. Indigenous community, in the area of adult education and literacy. The Centre misses the pleasure of Tianna’s company along with her talents for aesthetics and graphic design which she expressed so naturally in all her work. We wish her the best in her new ventures in craft knowledge and historical techniques at Columbia University. Colin Rose:

Brys devoted much of his time at the CRRS to working with the rare and modern books, and sat on the Library Committee. We will greatly miss Brys’s gentle friendship and his careful attention to our library collection, but we look forward to hearing of his brave work in the Arctic!


Congratulations Olenka Horbatsch: In January 2017, Olenka completed her PhD in the Department of the History of Art. Her dissertation was on “Impressions of Innovation: Early Netherlandish Printmaking 1520-1545,” examining Netherlandish etchings, engravings and woodcuts before the professionalization of the craft at mid-century, and sought to critically reassess German printmaker Albrecht Dürer’s impact and influence on Netherlandish printmaking. Her research interests include sixteenth-century Netherlandish visual and material culture; printmaking techniques and print culture; Antwerp as a global city in the sixteenth century; and German-Netherlandish artistic and cultural exchange.

Mitchell Gould: Mitch convocated with distinction in June 2016 with an MA in History and English. He is currently completing his MA in History at Queen’s University, where he has been awarded a prestigious scholarship to pursue his research on perceptions of Israel and the Holy Land as sites of ideology in Reformation England. Mitch was a Corbet Assistant in 2015-16, during which he worked on a rare-book project that analysed the Centre’s edition of John Foxe’s 1563 Book of Martyrs.

Around the Centre, Mitch was involved with social media and maintained the series of posts, “On this Day in History,” on the CRRS Facebook page. We miss Mitch’s friendship and eagerness to participate in the Centre’s life. We wish him all the best in his future In January 2017, Olenka took up a new position as a curator of academic trajectory! Netherlandish collections at the British Museum in London, England. Her extensive knowledge and expertise in sixteenth- Jessica Farrel-Jobst century art history, especially of the Low Countries, makes her a Jessica graduated in 2015 with an undergraduate degree in perfect fit for a public gallery that considers its mission creating History from the University of Toronto and carried on at U of T accessibility for everyone. Her upcoming projects will contribute for her Masters in History, working with Professors Ferguson and to the Gallery’s strong tradition of producing ground-breaking art Kivimaüe. Her interests tended toward the early sixteenth-century historical, conservation and scientific research, as she continues German Reformation, as she explored the connections between the to produce scholarly papers on the specific collections with which German intellectual movement and adoption of the anti-papalism she will be working. We are sure that Olenka will prove to be an in the court of Henry VIII in her Master’s thesis, “Cast off the exceptionally meticulous and talented addition to their group Cruel Yoke of Rome: Anglo-Germanic Relations and Intellectual of scholars, as she was at the Centre. For the last four years, Exchange in the Sixteenth Century Reformation.” Jessica joined the Olenka’s careful planning and organization of the Early Modern Centre as a Corbet Undergraduate Assistant in 2014 at which time Interdisciplinary Graduate Forum continued a tradition of bringing she translated two 15th century Latinate - Catalan legal records in together graduate students from otherwise disparate departments the form of loose parchments. and across disciplines at the University of Toronto. She has also been a most helpful and capable guide at the CRRS to newcomers In addition to producing a number of beautiful promotional and old colleagues alike. materials for the CRRS, in 2015, Jessica took on a leadership role in a nascent project aimed at developing the digital reporsentation Olenka’s vivacious spirit is greatly missed, but we wish her the best of the CRRS rare book collection through the OMEKA platform. in her new ventures across the Atlantic! In this capacity, she liased on behalf of CRRS with Annotated Books Online, an online database of early modern annotated books where, Emily Brade: thanks to Jessica’s technical and creative talent, you can now find Emily Brade spent her third year of her an entirely digitzed version of the Centre’s 1554 edition of Homeri undergraduate experience as a Corbet Ilias: id est, de rebus ad Troiam gestis [PA4019 .A2 1554]. Assistant at the CRRS. She is now in the 4th year at of her BA in History, and currently She is currently working on her PhD under the supervision of finishing her senior thesis on St. Augustine Professor Andrew Pettegree of St. Andrews University, Scotland. At at the faculty of Divinity. Emily has joined St. Andrews, Jessica continues her research on women booksellers Grip Limited in Toronto as a Junior Planner, as well as patrons and merchants as a group in booktrading in the working on innovative campaigns for early sixteenth century with a focus on England, Germany, and major brands including Acura, KFC, RBC the Baltic. She won a full scholarship to join the Universal Short Insurance, and the Terry Fox Foundation. In the future, she hopes to Title Catalogue project, on online database of sixteenth century combine her professional skills and academic interests in a Master’s books from around the world, also under the direction of Professor degree in the field of the history of media and communication. Her Pettigree. plans include researching media ethics and functional marketing, particularly in how they relate to Generation Z. The Centre misses Jessica, her creative talents, and her enthusiasm for the both the period and the books, but we wish her all the best We are certain that her work in the advertising industry will inspire in her future endeavours in Scotland! her highly creative skills!


David Hoeniger: Founding Director of CRRS (1921-2016) Professor David Hoeniger (1921-2016), the first Director of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, passed away on September 11, 2016. David Hoeniger was born in Görlitz, Germany on 25 April 1921, and received his early education at the Quaker School in Eerde, in Ommen, Holland, and an Oxford School Certificate in 1938. After arriving in Canada, he obtained both his B.A. and M.A. at Victoria College, University of Toronto. From 1948 to 1951, Hoeniger taught part-time at Victoria College, after which he completed his PhD in English at Bedford College (now known as part of the University of London).

He proposed the creation of an institute to house these rare volumes to the administration of Victoria College. His efforts led to the founding, in 1964, of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies. As past CRRS Director Konrad Eisenbichler stated at Hoeniger’s memorial, his “most longlasting contribution...[was] his vision of an interdisciplinary research centre on Europe in the early modern period. His leadership first in promoting this idea,

After teaching in Saskatchewan, he returned to Victoria College in 1948 where he would eventually become promoted to the rank of Assistant Professor of English. As a scholar, Hoeniger was best known for his work on Renaissance theatre, including Shakespeare and his contemporaries. His interest in Renaissance English literature complemented his interest in the natural world. In 1969, with his late first wife, biologist and professor Judith F. M. Hoeniger, he published The Growth of Natural History in Stuart England from Gerard to the Royal Society. Another significant work he published was Medicine and Shakespeare in the English Renaissance, which appeared in 1992. The roots of Professor Hoeniger’s involvement in the creation of the CRRS started with his discovery of 16th and 17th century books that Victoria College received years prior from Professor Andrew James Bell. Many of the volumes were damaged, but Professor Hoeniger recognized the scholarly and monetary value of the collection.

and then his work as the centre’s founding Director (1964-69) to what [...] was called ‘The Jewel in Victoria’s Crown – the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies.’” During the period that included David’s two terms as Director, the Centre’s library collection increased enormously, and so did its array of lectures, seminars, and other activities.

By the end of his first term as Director, the collection neared 20,000 volumes. He chaired the Victoria College Department of English from 1969 to 1972 and retired from teaching at age 65 in 1986. Professor Hoeniger left a lasting mark upon many faculty and students at the University of Toronto and beyond the CRRS. Professor Paul Stevens, Canada Research Chair in Early Modern Literature & Culture, recalls Professor Hoeniger’s impact among his peers and in his department, reflecting: “I never got to know [Professor Hoeniger] that well but what I knew I liked.... Looking back over David’s career at Victoria College and in the Department of English... besides his brilliant scholarship and wonderful teaching, it was his condescension or grace that made him, as John Reibetanz puts it, such a “benevolent presence.” He gave everyone he came into contact with such a sense of surplus that he made it possible for them to act and do great things. He enabled them. This in my view is an achievement way beyond what academics and their often unedifying histories are usually remembered for. He lives on in our imaginations as a source of that plenitude which is the real meaning of grace.” The Principal of Victoria University, Angela Esterhammer, recalled Professor Hoeniger with fondness. “David will be missed by all who knew him for his teaching and scholarship at Victoria College, his foundational role as the first Director of the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies beginning in 1964, his long association with the Pratt Library and its book sales, and his many other contributions to the Vic community.” Compiled with contributions from Angela Ersterhammer, Konrad Eisenbichler, and Paul Stevens.


Recent Rare Book Donation from David Hoeniger

The Grete Herbal

John Gerard’s Herbal

The CRRS recently acquired a large donation of primarily sixteenthand seventeenth-century books from the late David Hoeniger. Hoeniger, who was former director of the centre from 1964– 1969 and 1975–1979, was a generous supporter of our rare-book collection in his life, and significantly developed our collection of nature books by continuing his contributions, particularly of Renaissance herbals. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the study of the natural world became its own distinct field of inquiry separate from the studies of natural philosophy and medicine. While natural philosophy was concerned with how the world worked, and medicine with the curative properties of plants and animals, natural history was concerned with the identification and description of nature – for instance, how to distinguish if a plant was poisononous or not. This field of study did not spring from curiosity alone; it began with an interest in classical authors such as Pliny, Dioscorides and Aristotle, and their observations of nature. Hoeniger’s donation of John Gerard’s Herball in 2011 was featured

Conrad Gessner’s Vogelbuch

John Gerard’s Herbal

John Gerard’s Herbal

in our newsletter and on our website, and is a prime example of the development of both the scholarship and printing of that genre. While his most recent donation is too large to detail in full, it complements our now fairly extensive collection of natural history books published during the Renaissance. There are a few especially noteworthy volumes owing to their age (they were printed between 1500 and 1675 CE), the quality of the images they contain, the importance of each author to natural historians of the time, and the demonstration of the community that arose around this field of study among the books he donated: The Grete Herbal (1526), printed by Peter Treveris; William Turner’s Herbal (1568); a German copy of Conrad Gessner’s Vogelbuch (printed in 1581); Carolus Clusius’s Rariorum Plantarum Historia (c.1601); and John Parkinson’s Theatrum Botanicum (1640). These books are landmark contributions to the history of natural science, and these particular copies will be of interest to the book historians in our community: the Vogelbuch, for instance, features 217 beautiful woodcuts of the birds featured in the book, many of which are meticulously hand-painted.

John Gerard’s Herbal


Rare Book Acquistions 2016

CRESPIN, Joannem. Textus Biblie : hoc in opere hec insunt : concordantie tam ex Veteri & Nouo Testamento, sacrisq[ue] canonibus, q[uam] ex viginti libris Josephi de antiquitatibus & bello Judaico excerpte: additiones in marginibus varietatis diuersorum textuum. Lyons: Joannem Crespin, 1527. [BS75 1527] This acquisition is now the oldest complete bible in our collection. The text was printed in Latin in Lyons, a primary publishing centre in the sixteenth-century. Both the old and new testaments are annotated in Latin a sixteenth-century hand.

MELANCHTHON (Philipp). Libelli aliquot utiles Philippi Melanthonis. De Ecclesia. De Poenitentia. De conjugio Sacerdotum. Scripta quaedam, de usu integri Sacramenti & Missa Theatrica. De potestate Pontificis & Episcoporum, & aliis quibusdam controversiis, collecta opera & studio Casparis Crucigeris . Responsio de Controversiis Stancari. Wittenberg: Johannes Luft, 1560. [BR337 .A2 1560] Philipp Melanchthon was a classical scholar, and disciple and collaborator of Martin Luther. The book was published in Wittenberg–the birthplace of the Reformation–by Hans Luft–a distinguished printer, known as Luther’s printer–the year that Melanchthon died. This acquisition adds to our collection of Reformation materials. FRANCK, Sebastian. Sprichworter: das ist, Schöne, weise, vnd kluge Reden, darinnen Teutscher vnnd anderer Spraachen Höflichheit, Zier, höchste Vernunfft vnd Klugheit , Was auch zu ewiger vund zeitlicher Weißheit, Tugendt, Kunst vnd Wesen dienet, gespürt vnd begriffen. Von Alten vnd jetzigen im brauch gehabt vnd beschrieben, In etlich Tausent zusam[m]en bracht. Jetzt auffs neuw widerumb fleissig ersehen, vnd mit einem nützlichen zu End angehenckten Register gemehrt. Frankfurt: Christian Egenolffs Erben, 1591. [PN6460 .F6 1591]

ERASMUS, Desiderius. Bellvm. Basel: Johann Froben, 1517. [PA8517 .B8 1517]; This is the first separate edition of the adage “Dulce Bellum Inexperto” [“War is sweet “War sweethas to one has not experienced for heiswho notwho experienced it,] which it.” VENNE, Adriaen Pietersz van de. Tafereel first (ca.1466-1536 appeared in) print in Erasmus’s Adages mus, Desiderius van de belacchende werelt : en des selfs geof Roterodamvm. 1515 (Adagia, Chil. IV, Cent. I.). This m. Per Des. Eras. luckige eeuwe, goet rondt, met by-gevoegde addition to our collection complements : Froben, April 1517 raedsel-spreucken, aen-gevvesen in de boour individual copy of the Scarabeus 00 er-achtige eenvoudigheyt, op de Haegsche printed by the same printer in the same kermis The Hague: Gedruckt voor den auo: 20 x 14.8 cm. 20 lvs.with Collation: year, theE4same notable block type theur, 1635. [PT5687 .V38 T3 1635] .E84 1517b]; the two essays were T SEPARATE [PN6410 th EDITION of this adage. Bound in late 19 c. quarter-calf and marbled boards, ked. A very good copy of this rare publication with a little light foxing and a tiny tear in the commonly printed and bound together, margin of the first title page, otherwise fine. There is a large woodcut initial at the ning of the work. and the CRRS holds one such example as welledition [PA8517 .68 1517]. s the first separate of the adage “Dulce Bellum Inexperto”: "War is sweet for he who

MURMELLIUS, Johannes. Libellus optatissimus cui titulus Pappa, in quo haec insunt: variar[um] rer[um] dictiones latinae... cum germanica interpretatione... praecepta moralia adiecta interpretatione germanica : protrita item quaedam prouerbia & latino & vernaculo sermo[n] e co[n]scripta. Basel: Adam Petri, Aug. 3, 1517. [bound first]: CICERO, Marcus Tullius. Epistole familiares. Straßburg: Matthias Schürer, Jan. 1515. [And with]: HORATIUS FLACCUS, Quintus. Epodon liber. Eiusdem, de arte poetica. Item epistolarum libri duo. In fronte deniq[ue] libri Q. Horatii Flacci vita, per Petrum Crinitum Florentinum. Straßburg: Matthias Schürer, Dec. 1516. [PA6297 .A3 1515] This sammelband binds Johannes Murmellius’s popular Latin primer and Latin-German dictionary between contemporary editions of Cicero’s letters and Horace’s epodes. This book is a fascinating and rare example of Humanist schooling in the early-sixteenth century, couching the vernacular German within a classical Latin context. Because of their utilitarian function, schoolbooks rarely survive; the many extant annotations of sixteenth-century students makes this book all the more rare and interesting. VIVES, Juan Luis. La divine philosophie de Iean Loys Vives : mis en Latin et en François, respondans l’une version à l’autre. Lyon: Benoist Rigaud, 1582. [B785 .V63 A314 1582] VON REPGOW, Eike. Sachenspiegel: auffs newe fleissig corrigirt, an Texten, Glossen, Allegaten, auch mit vermehrung des emendirten Repertorij und vieler newen nützlichen Additionen. Leipzig: Nicolaum Wolrab, 1545. [KK205.8 .E35 1545]


Donations from the Community

The CRRS is deeply grateful for the support of our community, in particular those who have helped us to maintain and build our collection through donations in cash or kind. The CRRS has benefitted this year from the generosity of Father David Graham Scott, who donated biblical commentaries by Protestant theologian Hyperius, published a few decades after his death. Father Scott purchased these volumes from a book dealer in Belgium, or possibly the Netherlands, in the early 1970s. Father Scott received a doctorate of the third cycle in Religious Sciences from the French Ministere de l’Education Nationale, Universite des Sciences Humanaines de Strasbourg, Theologie Protestante. Rodolphe Peter was his supervisor while Professors Voeltzel and Benoit were on the jury during his dissertation defense. His thesis was in English with a French summary, entitled “La premiere homiletique protestante: Le De Formandis concionibus sacris d’Andre Gerard Hyperius (1511-1564).” Father Scott was the last of three Emmanuel graduates (the others being Gerry Hobbs and Brian Aitken) to travel to Strasbourg, having won the George Pidgeon Scholarship (from the Bloor Street United Church) in 1967, and soon after went to work in the CRRS Library at Professor Hoeniger’s invitation in the summer of 1968. Father Scott hoped to translate the two donated books, but soon after his defense he entered the pastorate and continues to this day within

it at the age of 75. Hyperius was a humanist like Erasmus and spent time at the house of Lord Mountjoy. He intended to go to Strasbourg when Mary became Queen of England but stopped at Marburg and was persuaded to stay there as a professor at the university. As a humanist he was neither a doctrinaire Lutheran nor Calvinist, but the commentaries donated to CRRS were published after his death in Zurich. His book on homiletics was published in Italian by a Roman Catholic priest under his own name. Hyperius’ knowledge of the Church Fathers was immense and he particularly admired St. John Chrysostom. Today we might call him ecumenical. His generous donation comprises: Commentarii D. Andreae Hyperii, Doctissimi ac Clarissimi Theologi, Epistolam D. Pauli ad Romanos (1583). Folio, 462 pages. Full-bound in leather over boards with a triple-line, blind-tooled border. Commentarii D. Andraea Hyperii, Doctissimi ac Clarissimi Theologi in Epistolam D. Pauli Apostoli ad Hebraeos (1584). Folio, 672 pages. Full-bound vellum over boards with yapped edges. Good working copy; strong binding.

CRRS Rare Book Catalogue crrs.library.utoronto.ca

We are thrilled to announce the launch of an online, searchable catalogue of the CRRS rare book collection. Using the OMEKA platform, this site not only enables the public to search exclusively our early modern editions using various criteria such as author, title, publisher, or date, but it also contains digitized pages from many of our rare books. A project still in its early stages, our goal is to have title pages, colophons and examples of handwritten marginalia digitized for our most prized books. In addition, the site displays digitally s a “student exhibit” section where you can view the work of CRRS affiliates and iSchool practicum students. In 2014, the CRRS started to host practica for iSchool students in the Book History & Print Culture program. This fall we are happy to be able to offer students training in OMEKA and digitization through scanning. The students are also adding descriptive bibliographical information to the records of the books with which they work. OMEKA - Omeka is a Swahili word meaning to display or lay out wares; to speak out; to spread out; to unpack.


Stephanie A. Corbet: Friend and Supporter of the CRRS (1936-2016) Stephanie Corbet (B,A, 1999, M.A. 2005), a long-time friend of Victoria University and the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies, passed away in Toronto on August 27, 2016. The CRRS undergraduate fellowships will retain her name in honour of the years of generous support she provided to the CRRS, and her remarkable dedication to integrating undergraduates into its academic circles. Stephie was born in Montreal but moved to an estate just north of Toronto and spent her youth as a boarder at Havergal College. Her first husband was the head of the European division of a large American advertising company, and as a result much of her adult life was spent in London, Brussels, Frankfurt and a villa in Italy. Her three children were all born and largely educated in Europe. With the dissolution of her marriage, Stephie returned to Canada where she subsequently married Dick Corbet, “Mr Mining Canada”. Established in Toronto once more, Stephie threw herself into a great many activities with her usual enthusiasm, in particular a passion for learning. A chance enrolment in VIC240Y led to her discovery of the Renaissance, an intellectual obsession that characterized the rest of her life. Feeling the need for knowledge about what preceded the Renaissance, she took an M.A. at the Centre for Medieval Studies and even mastered the Latin requirement. There followed courses at the Toronto School of Theology and attendance at every public lecture, musical and dance event the city had to offer. In all of this, her greatest desire was to provide undergraduates the opportunity to share her love of Renaissance culture. And it was to further this ambition that she established the Corbet Fellowships at CRRS in 2001. Her memory will live on among her great many friends around the world, her family and her Corbet Fellows, of whom she was so very proud.

never met her in person. As we worked together each day in Latin class, I was delightfully surprised by her down-to-earth attitude, her genuine interest in people of all ages, and the pleasure she took from being a part of community. Over the years, I spent many hours with Stephie, folding and addressing CRRS newsletters, stuffing conference programs and mail outs, and participating in and socializing at CRRS events. Though I did not know Stephie extremely well, I admired her greatly. Those hours revealed a woman who was confident in her own skin and determined to explore her enthusiasm for life and learning. More than that, Stephie used the privileges she had amassed to support the CRRS community (and not just the CRRS community, I’m sure) – not only to give her time and money, but also to encourage openness, kindness, and comradery by example. A story that I have heard time and time again from undergraduate Corbet Assistants was their surprise that she was so down-to-earth and supportive as well as intellectually engaged. The common refrain was that that though they were initially anxious to meet her, they thoroughly enjoyed doing so and looked forward to seeing her again. Always with a gleam in her eye and a broad smile on her face, Stephie took pleasure both in supporting others and in enjoying her own life. She has my admiration and gratitude, and she will be dearly missed.’ Natalie Treboute: I am deeply saddened to have read of Stephanie (Stephie) Corbet’s passing this past August 2016. Through Stephie’s wonderful generosity, I was very fortunate to have been one of the two first recipients of the J.M. Richard Corbet Undergraduate Assistantship in 2001. It was thanks to Stephie that I was able to pursue my interests in archives, librarianship and information management. I can honestly say that I would not be where I am today without Stephie’s support. The first time I met Stephie, I was enchanted with her enthusiasm and love for Renaissance Italian history. In visiting Stephie’s residence during the year of the fellowship, what stood out for me was how it was so wonderfully decorated in a Renaissance themed style in which she immersed herself wholeheartedly. I will always remember how Stephie’s eyes sparkled when she would speak of Latin, travel and all things Renaissance.

Stephie did not simply establish a fellowship. She extended herself personally, organizing intimate gatherings with students and faculty each year so that she could get to know the students, and so that the students could build relationships with other faculty members in Renaissance Studies. She left such an impression on these students and faculty that at the news of her passing, the CRRS received numerous emails expressing their condolences and You are and will always be sadly missed, Stephie. You touched and memories of her. Two early Corbet Assistants share the memories influenced the lives of many students. I, for one, am honoured to of her below. have known you and will be eternally grateful for your generosity. May you rest in peace and know that you have left a profound Vanessa McCarthy: impact on the Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies ‘I met Stephie Corbet ten years ago in the Centre for Medieval (CRRS) community. Thank you ever so much for being a great Studies’ summer Latin class. I was immediately struck by her inspiration, for believing in undergraduate students and for love of learning and her determination to grow intellectually. Of supporting Renaissance studies. Grazie mille and arrivederci. course, I knew who she was by reputation – as an undergraduate at the University of Toronto I had volunteered with the CRRS for Compiled with contributions from Ken Bartlett, Vanessa McCarthy years and knew of the Corbet Research Assistantship. But I had and Natalie Treboute.


Recent & Upcoming Events

The Orlando Furioso From Print Wood, Stone, Flesh: Netherlandish Sixteenth-Century to Digital Sculpture and its Social Resonance 11-12 November 2016

18 November 2016 This conference examined the materiality of art in the Renaissance as well as its agency in promoting religious beliefs and political interests through sculpture. Speakers examined the transformation of relics into devotional sculpture. Several lectures investigated tomb sculpture as an instrument of identity formation amidst the rivalry of rulers in Western Europe. Visiting The symposium celebrated the Professors Barbara Baert and Franciszek Skibiński served as our Keynote speakers. quincentenary of the Furioso by gathering a distinguished group of scholars to consider Global Reformations: Transforming the poem’s fortunes from Early Modern Religions, Societies and Cultures the perspective of reading. 27-29 September 2017 Approaching the question from a broad range of disciplines, the On the 500th anniversary of Luther’s 95 Theses, the CRRS will host an speakers discussed the kinds of international conference of over 115 speakers, organized by Professor readers intended by Ariosto, the Nicholas Terpstra and an interdisciplinary team of faculty and modes of reading envisaged by graduate students from the University of Toronto. This international printers and editors as well as those enacted by critics, translators conference strives for a more global, interdisciplinary, and interfaith and writers, and the visual readings imagined by artists. The hope comparative approach as it explores how the developments of the Reformation period and reform movements shaped religiouswas that the exploration of the Furioso’s complex historical reception cultural-historical exchanges between religions across the globe in would contribute to an understanding of the evolving experience of the early modern period. It hopes to include papers on literature, reading in the digital age. art, and music, and also themes around diaspora, gender, and global culture. Keynote speakers will include Andrew Pettigree (St. This international symposium was a wonderful success thanks to Andrews) and Barbara Watson-Andaya (University of Hawaii). many exceptional contributions from participants, including Marco An exciting program in the works will include options for private Dorigatti (University of Oxford) who spoke on “The First 500 Years tours at the AGO and a unique Michaelmas concert at St. Michael’s of Orlando Furioso”, Federica Caneparo (University of Chicago) who College. The provisional programme is available at spoke to the Furioso’s translation into Illustrations and Frescoes, and crrs.ca/globalreformations The first edition of Ludovico Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso was printed in Ferrara in 1516. The radically innovative romance-epic quickly affirmed itself as a bestseller, and over the last five centuries it has exerted a profound influence on literary traditions and offered a rich source for the visual arts, theatre, and music.

2017 Conference

Albert Russell Ascoli (University of California, Berkeley) addressed “Re-Reading Cassandra: Figures of Reading and Readers in Orlando 12-13 May 2017 Furioso”. Inaugurated in 2005, this event focuses on the most up-to-date scholarship not only in Milton studies but on seventeenth-century literature, culture, and intellectual life in general. It has attracted hundreds of scholars and students from across the world, including such celebrities as Stanley Fish and Natalie Zemon Davis. Last year was especially successful with brilliant papers by David Norbrook 15 November 2016 (Oxford), Thomas Luxon (Dartmouth), Rachel Trubowitz (New As a forerunner to a the Hampshire) and Dayton Haskin (Boston), and Toronto alumni, conference on Netherlandish Erin Webster (Birbeck), Ryan Hackenbracht (Texas Tech), Alison sixteenth century sculpture Chapman (Alabama) and David Ainsworth(Alabama). later in the week, CRRS held a workshop on ‘New Trends This year our plenary speakers are Dennis Danielson (UBC) in Early Modern Studies’, on Milton and Charles Taylor, Stephen Greenblatt (Harvard) on welcoming two visiting scholars the rise and fall of Adam and Eve, Linda Gregerson (Michigan) from Europe: Professor Barbara on Temptation, and Elizabeth Hanson (Boston College) on Baert from the University of Leuven (Belgium), who spoke on Wycliff, Milton and clerics. Other speakers include Catherine notions notions of time in the late middle ages and Renaissance, Bates (Warwick), Trevor Cook (Trent), Tobias Gregory (Catholic and Professor Franciszek Skibiński, from Nicolaus Copernicus University of America) and Jennifer Rust (St. Louis). We will end University, (Torun, Poland), who spoke about on humanist culture the gathering with a banquet at Massey College. Come and join in the Balitc region in the sixteenth century. us for a great weekend. For more informaiton please refer to the Centre website at: crrs.ca/milton2017

Canada Milton Seminar XI

New Trends in Early Modern Studies


Recent Publications in Essays & Studies Crusade Propaganda in Word and Image in Early Modern Italy: Niccolo Guidalottos’ Panorama of Constantinople (1662) by Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby 163 pp / Softcover / 2016 / ISBN 978-07727-2183-9 / $24.95

Rituals of Politics and Culture in Early Modern Europe: Essays in Honour of Edward Muir Edited by Mark Jurdjevic and Rolf Strom-Olsen 440 pp / Softcover / 2016 / ISBN 978-07727-2185-3 / $49.95

and art and range from the Venetian and Florentine capitals of Renaissance high culture to Germany, Spain, the Low Countries, and China. Janus-faced, like all good historians, the volume looks forward and back, combining distinguished senior scholars and new voices with venerable debates and new fields. In doing so, the collection testifies to the vibrancy, vitality, and significance of early modern studies today and the degree to which Muir’s scholarship over the past thirty years has powerfully fuelled the field’s dynamism.

Forthcoming in Spring/ Summer 2017 Representations of Heresy in the French Renaissance

Edited by Lidia Radi and Gabriella Scarlatta Renaissance Encyclopedism

Edited by Scott Blanchard

This book carefully dissects and contextualizes a vast (6.12 metre x 2.58 metre) seventeenth-century panorama of Constantinople that is not only an exceptional representation of the city, but also an elaborate piece of anit-Ottoman propaganda designed by the Franciscan friar Niccolo Guidalotto da Mondavio. It depicts Constantinople as seen from across the Golden Horn in Galata, throwing new light on both the city and hte relationships between the rival Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire. It trumpets the unalloyed Christian zeal of Fra Guidalotto and serves as a fascinating example of visual crusade propaganda against the Ottomans. As such, the panorama is a source of cultural clash, a confrontation point between Venice and the Ottoman Empire.

This volume honours Edward Muir, one of the most influential historians to toil in the vineyards of Renaissance Studies. Muir’s creative fusion of archival scholarship with conceptual insights from cultural anthropology, microhistory, and behavioural science notably contributed to the field’s larger interdisciplinary turn over the past thirty years. His books – on the rise of opera, the savagery of fictional strige, and Venetian political ceremony, among other topics – are characterized by the microhistorian’s fascination with the local, the particular, and the variable and the anthropologist’s pursuit of the biggest possible questions about the structure of society and the variable meanings of human activity. This volume celebrates the considerable contributions of Edward Muir to the history of Renaissance Italy and early modern Europe. In keeping with Muir’s signature interdisciplinary approach to history, the fifteen essays in this volume include contributions on the ritual dimensions of early modern politics, religion, literature,

with thanks.... Special thanks to Leslie Wexler for her patience and tireless efforts to produce this Newsletter; also, Anita Siraki for assisting with the compiling, writing and copyediting; Elisa Tersigni and Christopher Harry for their work on the rare books; Joel Rodgers for his proofreading; and the various contributors to our pieces on David Hoeniger and Stephie Corbet as named on those pages.


Calendar of Events Tuesday, February 28, 2017 Early Modern Interdisciplinary Graduate Forum Chris Harry (ischool); Myron McShane (French) Victoria University Common Room 4:30 – 6:00 PM

Tuesday, April 4, 2017 Early Modern Interdisciplinary Graduate Forum Tatevik Vika Nersisyan (English) Lindsay Sidders (History) Victoria University Common Room 4:30 – 6:00 PM

Friday, March 3, 2017 Toronto Renaissance and Reformation Lecture: Natalie Oeltjen (CRRS) “Crypto-Jewish practices of a conversa in fifteenth-century Majorca: the proceso and prayers of Esclaramuna Pardo” Northrop Frye Room 205 3:30 – 5:00 PM

Tuesday, April 4, 2017 CRRS Graduate and Fellow End-of-the-Year Reception & Corbet Fellow Presentations Please come and celebrate the end of the school year with CRRS Victoria University Common Room 5:30 – 7:30 PM

Tuesday, March 16, 2017 Early Modern Interdisciplinary Graduate Forum Christopher Laprade (English); Alex Logue (History) Victoria University Common Room 4:30 – 6:00 PM Friday, March 24, 2017 Affective Piety and the Engagement of Emotions in the Early Modern Period with guest speaker Herman Roodenburg Alumni Hall, Victoria College 10:00 – 5:00 PM Monday, March 27, 2017 CRRS Distinguished Visiting Scholar (DVS) Lecture: Peter Marshall “Martin Luther, th e95 Theses, and the Invention of the Reformation” Alumni Hall, Victoria College 4:00 – 6:00 PM Tuesday, March 28, 2016 DVS Seminar: Peter Marshall “Regime-Change and IdenityFormation in the English Renaissance” Regent’s Room (rm. 206), Goldring Student Centre *RSVP Required* 4:00 – 6:00 PM

Friday/Saturday, May 12-13, 2017 Canada Milton Seminar XII Dennis Danielson (UBC) “Milton’s Ongoing Challenge to Charles Taylor’s ‘Immanent Frame’”; Stephen Greenblatt (Harvard) “Getting Real: The Rise and Fall of Adam and Eve”; Linda Gregerson (Michigan) “Temptation of the Kingdoms”; Elizabeth Hanson (Queen’s) “‘Representative Men: The Clerical Part and Christian Whole from Wycliffe to Milton” May 22- June 9, 2017 Rare Book Exhibit to coincide with the Canadian Society of Renaissance Studies at Congress (Ryerson location) Wed-Sat, September 27-30, 2017 CRRS Conference “Global Reformations: Transforming Early Modern Religions, Societies, & Cultures,” co-sponsored with: The Centre for Comparative Literature, Centre for Jewish Studies, Departments of English, History, Italian Studies, Spanish and Portuguese, Institute of Islamic Studies, St. Michael’s College, and the TRRC


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