HEALTHY LIVING CENTRE DURING AND AFTER THE GLASGOW COMMONWEALTH GAMES AD Tectonics | Civic Identity : Making Sense of Place
Gregory Chatfield s0926251
ANISH KAPOOR / CECIL BALMOND - TEMENOS
Temenos is a Greek word meaning sacred space surrounding a temple or alter. The artist wanted the sculpture to be “a symbol of regeneration of the healing of a region and regeneration of a transforming society.” This is an appropriate influence as Anish Kapoor designed the 2012 Olympic viewing tower, as the site is so closely located to the Commonwealth games. Temenos is a hyperboloid shape that celebrates perfection through engineering. The material is a manipulation of a grid acheived through the high tensioning of the wires reminiscent to the tension in Dalmarnock. It draws comparisons to the Angel of the North as a symbol of regeneration but aesthetically to a large butterfly net or chinese finger trap The piece has a fabric nature; ‘fragile materiality’ acting as if unaffected by gravity. It could be conceived that this piece acts as the bridge between the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the local area of Dalmarnock.
INTERPRETATION OF TEMENOS Initially a literal approach was taken, modelling the form using tight material stretched over two rings and pulled taught.
MANIPULATION ON AN AXIS Through modelling the piece using the tight material this expressed a sense of anti gravity and tension through the pulling between the sections
MANIPULATION OF THE FORM AND MATERIAL
In the previous model there was a status quo between the sections being most interesting looking at the end pieces. It was particularly fascinating seeing how at certain angles different amount of light was allowed through the material due to material being stretched more at different parts.
CHANGING THE ANGLE OF THE RINGS This status quo was addressed by adding rings to this shape to see how the form changed. By tilting the rings and placing them in different locations, closer and further apart this affected the paraboloids.
MANIPULATING ON AN ALTERNATIVE AXIS So far the material had just been manipulated along one axis so I addressed what would happen to the material on a different axis, pulling the middle ring perpendicular direction. This was continued by adding another hyperboloid to investigate how they meet and the shape created.
This was continued by adding another hyperboloid to investigate how they meet and the shape created.
The basic shape was modelled on the computer, to understand the net form. This demonstrates how the form consists of a series of straight lines linking back to the Temenos piece and the manipulation of the grid format.
GRAVITY AND ANTONI GAUDI
INVESTIGATIONS INTO GRAVITY AND PARABOLOIDS
The Temenos piece gives the illusion of floating being almost unaffected by gravity; an anti-gravity. I addressed the antithesis of this by studying Gaudiâ€™s work. His work is similar in the use of parabolic forms however is gravity based. To appreciate his works one of his models was recreated. Gaudi built a model with lead shots and string to understand the nature of parabolic arches once turned upside down. Both Temenos and Gaudiâ€™s model derive from a grid.
CREATING CURVES FROM STRAIGHT LINES I was intrigued in understanding the nature of parabolic forms and how they are created through manipulating a grid. I therefore created this model showing by progressively rotating a series of straight lines along an axis it creates a paraboloid.
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RMJMâ€™s Masterplan during the Commonwealth Games
DALMARNOCK SITE ANALYSIS AND COMMONWEALTH GAMES MASTERPLAN
Currently the closest (approx 900m) - Doctor Surgery #,#2'.# -*- Shop
Large Retail Unit 1km away
No scale Analysis of the site, shows that the main junction is historically a major node, with all the major roads meeting as well the railway bisecting. The red circles show the locations of services that are currently closest to Dalmarnock
RMJMâ€™s Masterplan for after the Commonwealth Games
Existing houses to removed for Athletes Village car park
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Warehouses to be removed Existing community centre to be removed and a new one built in Phase 2 of the Athletes Village
Petrol station to be removed, or relocated across the road
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COMMONWEALTH GAMES MASTERPLAN ANALYSIS AND DEMOLITION REQUIRED
Existing playgroud to be removed
Existing abandoned building removed as part of Athletes village Stage 2
Key: Main Roads Main routes
Secondary routes Pedestrian paths
Transportation analysis of the Commonwealth Games masterplan
Demolition plan of site. Buildings highlighted in red are to be demolished for RMJMâ€™s Commonwealth Games masterplan. The buildings highlighted in purple are also proposed to be removed.
COMMONWEALTH GAMES MASTERPLAN - OPTIMUM LOCATION OF HLC
This diagram highlights the areas for gateway opportunity for the Commonwealth Games Welcoming Centre / HLC on the corner of main roads. The yellow region highlights the most favourable location, due to the proximity of the new Dalmarnock Station as well as the main junction.
Key: Main roads Different directions of approach Gateway opportunity Funneling people into the Athletes Village
Optimum location of Welcoming Centre / HLC Nodes
ALTERATIONS TO PROPOSED RMJM MASTERPLAN AFTER THE GAMES
Proposed masterplan by RMJM for after the Commonwealth Games.
Scale 1:2500 Bubble Diagram showing my proposal of changes to their masterplan. The yellow zone highlights the proposed area that the HLC would be located. The surrounding buildings would be bottom two floors retail, with the upper floors being residential. They are arranged to channel people into the area of Dalmarnock
CHANGES COMMONWEALTH GAMES MASTERPLAN
4 Key: 1 Welcoming centre for Commonwealth Games 2 Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge transporting people from the train station to the Athletes Village through the HLC 3 Arcade route created to draw people to the Athletes Village 4 Car parking for Games
DEVELOPED PROPOSALS FOR AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
1 5 4 6
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Key: 1 Transformed into Healthy Living Centre 2 Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge transporting people from the train station to the Athletes Village through the HLC 3 Arcade route, drawing people into Dalmarnock 4 Car parking for Games 5 Mixed Use, Retail below & Residential above 6 Offices 7 Sports pitch
MASTERPLAN: DURING COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2014
Key: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Welcoming centre for Commonwealth Games Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge Dalmarnock Train Station Car parking for Games Second Car parking for Games Commonwealth Games Stalls New Housing as part of Commonwealth Games masterplan
MASTERPLAN: AFTER COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2016
Key: 1 Healthy Living Centre 2 Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge 3 Dalmarnock Train Station 4 Mixed use: Lower 2 storeys - Retail (A1+A3) Upper 2 storeys - Residential 5 Offices 6 Mixed use: Lower 2 storeys - Offices Upper 2 storeys - Residential 7 Football pitch 8 Playground 9 Deliveries 10 Car parking 11 New Housing as part of Commonwealth Games masterplan
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GROUND FLOOR PLAN: DURING COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2014
Key: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Multi Purpose Hall Uni Sex Changing room Hall Reception / Office Storage Dolly Lift for Kitchen Deliveries Main Lift Lobby / Entrance Training Centre Office Toilets Circulation Breakout Area Training Room Training Room Commonwealth Games stalls
210 m2 25 m2 6 m2 15 m2 2 m2 4 m2 2 m2 38 m2 13 m2 15 m2 9 m2 18 m2 14 m2 14 m2
N Scale 1:200
GROUND FLOOR PLAN: AFTER COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2016
Key: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
Multi Purpose Hall Uni Sex Changing room Hall Reception / Office Storage Dolly Lift for Kitchen Deliveries Main Lift Lobby / Entrance Training Centre Office Toilets Circulation Breakout Area Training Room Training Room Disabled Toilet Storage Wheelchair lift Reception / Waiting room Circulation Consulting room Consulting room Consulting room Landscaped seating for stage viewing
210 m2 25 m2 6 m2 15 m2 2 m2 4 m2 2 m2 38 m2 13 m2 15 m2 9 m2 18 m2 14 m2 14 m2 4 m2 3 m2 1 m2 51 m2 12 m2 22 m2 18 m2 20 m2
N Scale 1:200
FIRST FLOOR PLAN: DURING COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2014
1 7 3
6 4 5
Key: 1 Hall double height 2 Cafe kitchen 3 Cafe 4 Stair Circulation 5 Cafe Toilets 6 Circulation 7 Training Room 8 Training Room 9 Training Room
25 m2 44 m2 24 m2 15 m2 14 m2 11 m2 14 m2 14 m2
N Scale 1:200
FIRST FLOOR PLAN: AFTER COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2016
Key: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Hall double height Cafe kitchen Cafe Stair Circulation Cafe Toilets Circulation Training Room Training Room Training Room Disabled Toilet Circulation Nurseâ€™s Office Staff Room Consulting Room Consulting Room Consulting Room
25 m2 44 m2 24 m2 15 m2 14 m2 11 m2 14 m2 14 m2 4 m2 31 m2 10 m2 11 m2 22 m2 17 m2 19 m2
N Scale 1:200
SECOND FLOOR PLAN: DURING COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2014
Key: 1 2 3 4
Hall double height Roof Cafe Kitchen Roof Cafe Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge
N Scale 1:200
SECOND FLOOR PLAN: AFTER COMMONWEALTH GAMES 2016
1 5 3 7 6
Key: 1 Hall double height 2 Roof Cafe Kitchen 3 Roof Cafe 4 Pedestrian & Bicycle Bridge 5 Viewing Platform 6 Skylight to view Canopy 7 Roof Garden
N Scale 1:200
INITIAL IDEA I identified the basic form of the mesh to wrap over HLC underneath. This was developed from the study of Temenos, as I wanted to reiterate this sense of anti gravity. The intention was for this structure to act as a gateway for Dalmarnock, and as a catalyst for regeneration along with being a memory of the Commonwealth Games. However the challenge was to create a sense of civicness within this structure.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE CANOPY
From the basic form I turned this into a grid mesh consisting of steels and PTFE inserts, due to the double curvature. From this I added structural legs in the appropriate positions, however the structure did not seam to float, appearing weighted on one side.. The back section rose up too much which would not provide much shelter for underneath.
FINAL DESIGN The development of HLC underneath informed the shape of the canopy. The canopy acts links to the buildings underneath in three different sections. The canopy forms the roof of the main hall then branching to create canopy of the roof cafe. Doctors surgery linked to roof through roof lights providing snap shots of the structure,
The canopy was developed to accommodate the Doctors Surgery after the Commonwealth Games. The shell dips down to provide shelter for the viewing platform on top of the Doctors Surgery from the prevailing south westerly winds. This also frames the entrance way leading in on the bridge, along with the structural supports.
Steel structural columns, 150x150mm. As well as supporting the underlying structure, the canopy rests on these structural columns in the hall giving a sense of anti-gravity. This structural system is shown in the detail to the right.
Below: Canopy with building removed
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Scale 1:500 PP PP
The alignment of the canopy and the steel columns of the hall, is based on the grid shown above, to ensure that they align. The inspiration of using a grid was somewhat taken from the study of Temenos, in which a grid created the form.
The rotation of the walls in the plan also align to this grid.
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GRID TO INFORM CANOPY AND LAYOUT OF ROOMS
EXPLODED AXONOMETRIC: AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
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VIEW FROM BRIDGE DURING THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
VIEW FROM BRIDGE AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
EAST ELEVATIONS: DURING AND AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
DURING THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES Scale 1:200
AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES Scale 1:200
PERSPECTIVE LONG SECTION: AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
The people in the Healthy Living Centre are engaged with the roof in three different ways depending on where they are in the building,
ENGAGING WITH THE CANOPY
In the hall, the canopy forms the roof structure, but on the roof cafe it provides an cover for an external space (see next page). In the Training Centre Breakout area (right)and Doctors Surgery consulting rooms snapshots of the canopy are provided through the roof lights.
MULTI PURPOSE HALL: DURING AND AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
DURING THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES: The hall shall be set up with Commonwealth Games stalls, for visitors to enquire about volunteering for the games, the sporting activities that are being held and so forth.
AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES Next to the hall is storage room, see plan below, so the hall can be used for a variety of different uses, such as for stage productions with the landscaped seating outside covered by the canopy. Sport activities such as badminton and gym equipment can also be used in the main hall, shown on the right page.
150mm soil with grass and bushes on top
Roof light Aluminium framed Two bars, 1500 x 1000mm Upstand of 150mm
Steel mesh structure, 250Ø with PTFE inserts
DETAIL SECTION: DOCTOR SURGERY
Steel ‘I’ Beam
Marine Plywood 19mm Rigid Insulation 150mm Mineral board
Insulation running in between steel columns to prevent cold bridge
Aluminium framed single window 630 x 1200 Deep
Steel column running behind
Aluminium panel cladding. System on met-sec
150mm Rigid Insulation
Pins fixing steel columns and I beam together
Aluminium framed single window 630 x 1800 Deep
150mm reinforced concrete slab
150 mm rigid insulation
Damp proof membrane
Wooden flooring, 25mm thick
Steel â€˜Iâ€™ Beam with 150mm acoustic insulation for sound deadening between floors
Insitu Concrete screed
Wooden flooring, 25mm thick
DOCTOR SURGERY WAITING ROOM
PERSPECTIVE SECTION THROUGH CAFE AND ENTRANCE LOBBY
PHOTOS OF MODEL: AFTER THE COMMONWEALTH GAMES
View from junction: The bushes accentuate the illusion that the canopy is floating
View of the HLC from the arcade
Looking up at the canopy
Plan view of the HLC
HLC and masterplan