Page 6

world energy [r]evolution a sustainable world energy outlook

ta b l e o f c o n t e n ts foreword introduction executive summary

2 8 10

1:

17

chapter

climate change and nuclear threats

1.1 the imPaCts of Climate Change 1.2 Climate Change – the sCienCe 1.2.1 ObSERvED CHANGES 1.2.2 CAuSES Of CLIMATE CHANGE 1.2.3 IMPACTS Of CLIMATE CHANGE 1.2.4 ExTREME EvENTS 1.3 nuClear threats 1.3.1 NO SOLuTION TO CLIMATE PROTECTION 1.3.2 THE DANGERS Of NuCLEAR POWER

chapter

2.1

2:

18 19 19 20 20 22 22 23 23

25

climate and energy policy

international Climate PoliCy

-

INTERNATIONAL ENERGy POLICy

2.2 renewable energy PoliCies 2.2.1 STATuS Of RENEWAbLE ENERGy POLICIES fOR 2.2.2 STATuS Of RENEWAbLE ENERGy POLICIES

ELECTRICITy

fOR HEATING AND COOLING

2.2.3 2.2.4

RENEWAbLE ENERGy TRANSPORT POLICIES

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4

3:

ENERGy ’ S TWIN PILLAR

the energy [ r ] evolution concept

status quo of the global energy seCtor setting uP an energy [ r ] evolution sCenario the energy [ r ] evolution logiC the

“5

chapter

steP imPlementation ”

4:

financing the energy [ r ] evolution

4.1 4.2 4.3

renewable energy ProjeCt Planning basiCs

4.4

how to overCome investment barriers for

the imPaCts of Climate Change

renewable energy

4.5 the first deCade of renewable energy finanCing 4.5.1 INvESTMENT by ECONOMIC GROuP ( REN 21 – 2015) 4.5.2 fINANCING MODELS 4.5.3 INvESTMENT SOuRCES AS Of 2014

chapter

6

72

HEATING TECHNOLOGIES

5.4.7

ASSuMPTIONS fOR HyDROGEN AND SyNfuEL PRODuCTION fROM RENEWAbLE ELECTRICITy

5.4.8 ASSuMED GROWTH RATES IN SCENARIO DEvELOPMENT 5.4.9 ASSuMPTIONS fOR fOSSIL fuEL PHASE OuT 5.5 review: greenPeaCe sCenario ProjeCtions of the Past 5.5.1 THE DEvELOPMENT Of THE GLObAL WIND INDuSTRy 5.5.2 THE DEvELOPMENT Of THE GLObAL SOLAR

28 28

29 29 30

35 36 37 37 39

48 49 50

73 74 75 76 76 79

how does the energy [ r ] evolution sCenario ComPare to other sCenarios ?

6:

80

82

scenario results

6.1 global sCenario results 6.1.1 GLObAL : PROjECTION Of ENERGy INTENSITy 6.1.2 fINAL ENERGy DEMAND by SECTOR 6.1.2 ELECTRICITy GENERATION 6.1.3 fuTuRE COSTS Of ELECTRICITy GENERATION 6.1.4 fuTuRE INvESTMENTS IN THE POWER SECTOR 6.1.5 ENERGy SuPPLy fOR HEATING 6.1.6 fuTuRE INvESTMENTS IN THE HEATING SECTOR 6.1.7 fuTuRE EMPLOyMENT IN THE ENERGy SECTOR 6.1.8 TRANSPORT 6.1.9 DEvELOPMENT Of CO 2 EMISSIONS 6.1.10 PRIMARy ENERGy CONSuMPTION 6.2 oeCd north ameriCa 6.3 latin ameriCa 6.4 oeCd euroPe 6.5 afriCa 6.6 middle east 6.7 eastern euroPe / eurasia 6.8 india 6.9 other asia 6.10 China 6.11 oeCd asia oCeania

83 83 84 86 87 87 88 89 89 91 92 92 94 104 114 124 134 144 154 164 174 184

chapter 7: employment projections methodology and assumptions

194

overComing barriers to finanCe and investment for renewable energy

5.1

COST PROjECTIONS fOR RENEWAbLE

chapter

28

DEvELOPING COuNTRIES

chapter

67

ENERGy TECHNOLOGIES

5.4.6

27 27 28

DISTRIbuTED RENEWAbLE ENERGy IN

2.2.6 ENERGy EffICIENCy: RENEWAbLE 2.3 PoliCy reCommendations

67

AND CO 2 EMISSIONS

COST PROjECTIONS fOR RENEWAbLE

5.6

CITy AND LOCAL GOvERNMENT RENEWAbLE ENERGy POLICIES

2.2.5

5.4.5

26 -

ENERGy POLICy AND MARkET REGuLATION

61 62 64 64 65 66

GENERATION AND CARbON CAPTuRE AND STORAGE

( CCS )

PHOTOvOLTAIC INDuSTRy

the unfCCC

and the kyoto ProtoCol

2.1.1

5.2 sCenario aPProaCh and baCkground studies 5.3 sCenario regions 5.4 main sCenario assumPtions 5.4.1 POPuLATION DEvELOPMENT 5.4.2 ECONOMIC GROWTH 5.4.3 OIL AND GAS PRICE PROjECTION 5.4.4 COST PROjECTIONS fOR EffICIENT fOSSIL fuEL

5:

scenario for a future energy supply

sCenario storylines and main Premises

52 54 54 55 56 57

58 59

-

7.1 emPloyment faCtors 7.2 regional adjustments 7.2.1 REGIONAL jOb MuLTIPLIERS 7.2.2 LOCAL EMPLOyMENT fACTORS 7.3 emPloyment results by teChnology 7.3.1 EMPLOyMENT IN fOSSIL fuELS AND NuCLEAR TECHNOLOGy 7.3.2 EMPLOyMENT IN WIND ENERGy AND bIOMASS 7.3.3 EMPLOyMENT IN GEOTHERMAL AND WAvE POWER

196 197 197 197 199 199 200 201

Profile for Greenpeace International

Energy [R]evolution 2015  

Dynamic change is happening in energy supply, but the change needs to happen faster. this Energy [R]evolution scenario proposes a pathway to...

Energy [R]evolution 2015  

Dynamic change is happening in energy supply, but the change needs to happen faster. this Energy [R]evolution scenario proposes a pathway to...