ISSU WATEE 1 R!
IN THIS ISSUE Interview with Severn Cullis-Suzuki page 12 Surfers Against Sewage page 40
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take your game to the next level learn to play the Arsenal way Editor Kristen Harding Assistant Editor Rebecca Heald Researcher: Vicky Julian
ls o o h c S r e Socc Arsenal e around the UK take plac ut the year throughorses cou es • Holiday programm e iv s n e t ntial in sessions d • Reside n e k e e w hool and ns • After sc ing sessio in a r t d e c • Advan ation) (by invit
Contributors Hannah, Aline, Mia, Surfers Against Sewage and Eco Schools Design Brandtastic: brand-tastic.co.uk National Sales Manager Jason Calder-McLaren Regional Sales Jemma Moore If you would like to advertise in Green Kids Magazine, please contact us on 020 7089 2629, or email email@example.com A special thank you to our proof readers Phil, Veronica, Jim and Kathy The submission of images, artwork and writings is done at the risk of the sender. By submitting images to the magazine, you authorise that they may be used, without a fee, by Green Kids Publishing. Green Kids Magazine is distributed free of charge to children aged 5-11. If you would like to have the magazine distributed for free to your child’s school, please contact the editorial number listed below. Green Kids Magazine is produced by Green Kids Publishing. For any general queries please email firstname.lastname@example.org Green Kids Publishing Unit UG7, 14 Greville Street Farringdon, London EC1N 8SB 020 7089 2629 email@example.com
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in this issue Editorial.................................................................................... 5 Kids News............................................................................... 6 Competitions.......................................................................... 8 Green Kids Adventures........................................................10 Interview with Severn Suzuki...............................................12 Did you know?.......................................................................14 Letters.....................................................................................17 What do we use water for?.................................................18 Victorian water mains.........................................................20 Helpful hints!.........................................................................26 Reviews.................................................................................28 Recipes..................................................................................30 Flooding and Droughts.......................................................32 World Map............................................................................36 Save water and energy in your schools!..........................38 Sewage Sucks!.....................................................................40 Ryan’s Well and Water poverty...........................................42 Go Givers..............................................................................46 Thoughts from around the world.......................................48 Places to visit.........................................................................61 What’s on.............................................................................. 72 Puzzles and Crafts...............................................................85 Parent resources..................................................................95 UK AWARE.............................................................................96 Parting shots.........................................................................98 3
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Based at Brookland School in Hampstead Garden Suburb and Christ College School in East Finchley For children 3 - 13 years Easter, Summer, Feb and Oct Half Terms
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water, water everywhere! Welcome to the first issue of Green Kids Magazine! We hope you will enjoy reading it as much as we enjoyed putting it together! Green Kids is a magazine for you, so if there’s something you would like us to write about, let us know! There are lots of competitions and activities for you to get involved in and some great prizes to be won! Why not enter a photography competition (pg 98), or send us your poems (pg 88). Make sure you check out page 8 and 9 where there are chances to win fantastic prizes.
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In each issue, we will cover a topic that affects our environment. World Water Day falls on March 22nd, 2010, so this issue is about water EVERYWHERE! Water is important to our daily lives. On pages 18 to 27 find out what we use water for, how we can use less, and discover a project that is going to save London over 270 swimming pools full of water each day!
Do you like going to the beach? We do, and Surfers Against Sewage have given us some advice about how to protect our beaches on page 40. Will you be a beach ranger on your holiday?
of sources for them to visit to learn more about the topics we mention. Researching together can be a fun way to find out the answers, OR feel free to ask us in a letter. We’d love to hear from you!
In the UK we are fortunate to have enough clean water to drink! This isn’t the case everywhere - on page 42 we introduce you to Ryan, a young man who started to make a difference when he was only 6 years old. Today he has a charity that provides water to children in Africa!
Enjoy reading all about water, and getting involved in the puzzles and crafts (pgs 86 to 93) - remember the answers can all be found in the pages of the magazine!
When you are reading through the issue, you might start to think of some questions. Your parents or teachers might have the answers, but, if not, we’ve added a few pages
Kristen Harding Editor
Whale nursery planned in Australia
e h t w o n d n a
S W E N
! t i t u o b a l l a read
New gadget allows house electronics to be switched off by phone Imagine a machine that knows when you will wake up, when you want a hot shower or when you want to listen to music. It could put the kettle on and pop some bread in the toaster before you even come downstairs… Well, we don’t have breakfast robots quite yet, but the rest is no longer just a dream thanks to a nifty gadget that can control your house’s heating, hot water and all its electrical
equipment! The clever folks at British company PassivEnergy have come up with a single system that links and controls all your electrical things, and lets YOU control IT with just one button. By pushing the button when you wake up every day, the meter will learn when you need hot water and heating and learn to come on just before you wake up. Turning it on will also turn your equipment to
standby, and turning it off will drop their power much lower. You can push the button off when you leave the house to make sure everything is switched off and you are saving energy. If you forget to push the button, don’t worry! You can text the machine from anywhere, using a mobile phone, to tell it to switch everything off! The system could save every household up to a
In Western Australia, near the town of Broome, an area of the sea where the humpback whales give birth is to become a protected marine park to try to keep the whales safe. It is one of the most popular places in the world for the whales to give birth to their calves, with about 1000 females choosing the spot each year. By protecting the area, it can become a nursery where the calves can play safely as newborns, and will be the biggest nursery in the southern hemisphere. The area of water, known as Camden Sound, also has many other species of whales, turtles, dolphins, sharks as well as coral reefs, which will all benefit from the protection.
fifth off their energy bills. Head of PassivEnergy Colin Calder said: “We don’t live lives to a fixed schedule and huge amounts of heating are wasted because people programme their heating to come on when they are not in the house.” The company hopes to link with a big energy supplier so some customers can get the equipment for free.
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Wall of trees African governments are planning to plant a line of trees across the south of the Sahara to try to stop the desert spreading any further. The ‘Great Green Wall’ will stretch all the way from Senegal in the west to Djibouti in the east. In many countries surrounding the Sahara, climate change has greatly reduced rainfall, which has
caused crops to die and soil to be eroded, destroying farmland and livelihoods. This has allowed desert sands to spread, and experts have said two-thirds of Africa’s farmland could be swallowed by the Sahara by the year 2025. Trees can act as natural windbreaks against sandstorms, and their roots improve soil health and help prevent erosion
– hopefully a line of trees can hold the desert sands back! The project will be led by Senegal, but funded by all 11 countries that the tree wall will pass through. The planters will have to be careful to choose the right species of tree to use, because not all trees are able to survive in the harsh desert conditions.
Britain to protect more coast and sea The area of British seas and coast protected by marine reserves will triple by 2012 to increase marine conservation. Natural England and the Joint Nature Conservation Committee are considering twelve new areas of coastland and ocean for conservation. The plan for more protected areas is an important step in
protecting our marine environment and the creatures and plants that live in it. The areas will become part of the Natura 2000 network of European areas protecting important habitats, water species and birds. One area put forward is between Poole Bay and Lyme Bay, in Dorset, where rare pink sea fans grow.
Dr. Helen Phillips, Chief Executive of Natural England, said: “The Natura 2000 network is a vital way of ensuring that our most importan marine habitats and bird species are effectively protected.” At the moment the UK has 60 protected marine areas.
GLOBAL WARMING BRINGS MORE BIRD SPECIES TO BRITAIN After such a cold winter, you might be surprised to hear that the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) said that Britain’s warming climate has encouraged birds which normally live further south to come and live here. While there are fewer of some species of birds than there were in 2000, some species have increased because the RSPB has been trying to save them. Other species have increased in number without help because Britain’s rising temperatures have become more tempting. The Little Egret, a small heron, is the species that has spread most in the last 10 years, and now hundreds of pairs nest across the south of England. It is normally only found in mainland Europe but, like the Mediterranean gull, it is enjoying Britain’s normally mild winters.
Join in a treasure hunt at UK AWARE 2010
hical Pants WIN 1 of 4 pairs ofpeoEt ple laugh, We know saying pants always makes ars them! but we also know that everyone we
pants to give given us 4 pairs of fair-trade, organic Our friends at Pants to Poverty have dsmagazine.com enki @gre ions petit com il ema is away for free! All you have to do m of the page. ct, or write to the address at the botto with the word PANTS in the subje the give us your full postal address and In the email or letter make sure you tion: ques wing answer to the follo tion Severn Cullis-Suzuki set up? Whatâ€™s the name of the organisa nts we have We will draw randomly from the entra th) mon this her ed (hint: we interview ! post by ers winn the to s prize out received by March 31st and send
competition time Your chance to win lots of eco-goodies!!
WIN 1 of 3 Little Green Radicals T-shirts Slogan t-shirts are always fun and they let other people know what you think! We have teamed up with a company called Little Green Radicals to give away 3 fair-trade, organic t-shirts! They use the best 100% hand-picked organic cotton and an eco friendly dyeing process that is certified to Global Organic Textile Standards, and therefore kinder to the skin. The collection includes eco-slogan shirts, playsuits, bibs, dresses and gift sets. Their famous slogans include I Recycle my Tantrums, Give Peas a Chance, and Locally Produced! All you have to do is answer the following question: What is the name of the summit of world leaders that took place in December 2009? Email us your answer to competi firstname.lastname@example.org with the word RADICALS in the subject, or write to the address at the bottom of the page. In the email or letter make sure you give us your full postal address. We will draw randomly from the entrants we have received by March 31st and send out prizes to the winners by post! If you are not lucky enough to win one of these t-shirts you can purchase them online. By entering the code GK0310LGR you can receive a 10% discount until April 30th, 2010!
For a chance to win fabulous prizes from ethical, environmental and fair-trade companies at UK Aware, or to book discounted tickets for the event visit www.greenkidspublishing.com
U K AWAR
Kensin g Olympiton April 1 th a, 6 -17th See Pa ge 96
Name: Age: School: Parentsâ€™ name(s): Contact Telephone number: All of the answers can be found in the magazine, or by visiting stands at the event and finding Golden Nuggets! Simply fill in the answers to the questions on this page and come and visit Green Kids Magazine at our stand and we will add your entry into the prize draw! If you cannot make it to the event, please post your entries to Green Kids Magazine, Unit UG7, 14 Greville Street, London, EC1N 8SB. We must receive entries before the prize draw on April 17th, 2010 at UK AWARE. We will notify the winners! You will find the answers at different stands around the show. Keep your eyes peeled for Golden Nuggets!
2. After one really BIG splash, their tortoise, Jet, started to glow red!
1. Toby and Ella were playing outside in the rain, jumping and splashing in puddles. 3. It must be time for an adventure! All three of them slipped into the puddle they had splashed and they found they were inside the water!
6. Swallowed up by raindrops, they all fell to earth, falling a long, long way until they splashed into a big lake, and were sucked down towards a drain
4. As the sun came out, they felt the water around them begin to evaporate off the ground, taking them with it. UP, UP, UP they went through the sky until their feet landed softly on a cloud.
5. Jet showed them the lakes, rivers and seas miles below them through his telescope.
7. Just like on a roller coaster, they felt their tummies flip and turn as they were bumped around the pipes and filters that cleaned the water.
8. PLOP! PLOP! plop! With a gush of water, all three splashed one by one into a big glass. Looking around, Toby realised they were back in their own kitchen!
9. Another Day, Another Adventure! We can’t wait for the next one. while we’re waiting why not check out how water is cleaned so we can drink it (page 38)!
Colour in the Green Kids Adventure and send us your work by April 16th, 2010 for a chance to win 1 of 3 £50 colouring Packs from Stabilo. Send scanned entries via email to email@example.com or post us your finished piece!
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How old were you when you first started campaigning? When I was 6 yaers old I learned about the term ‘extinction’, and I just couldn’t believe that this was happening. I absolutely adored animals. I got together with my friends on my block, and we paraded around with stuffed animals and a sign saying ‘save the animals’... so that was my first protest! It made me feel like I was doing something.
What inspired you to become more involved in the environmental movement?
I got together with my friends on my block, and we paraded around with stuffed animals and a sign saying ‘save the animals’
My parents were always encouraging me to follow my ideas and plans. I’d started the Environmental Children’s Organisation (ECO) when I was 9, and my mum had helped teach us how to run meetings (you have to have someone take minutes and also have cookies!). Our first goal was self-education, and so we learned, we researched, and we asked the adults around us, especially teachers, what environmental problems there were.
Then we started projects - the first was a beach clean-up, which is very simple but important. Then we started doing little fundraisers for local groups. One we were really proud of was for water. A tribe (of native Canadians) came through Vancouver, and they told us about the problems Vancouver had with water because of pollution from logging. So we raised money for them, and they were able to buy a water filter. Then we made a newsletter with funding from a local group. Kind of like Green Kids Magazine!
How did you get to the Earth Summit to make a speech? When I told my parents that I thought ECO should go to the Earth Summit, dad told me I was nuts! It just seemed too big and crazy for some kids to go to. But we kept talking about this idea, and people started giving us donations. Then we got the help of the EYA (Environmental Youth Alliance) and my mum, Tara Cullis, started helping us, mentoring us in how to raise money, give speeches, and organise.
It was such an education. The idea and drive was ours, but getting to Rio was really a community enterprise – it was many people, our friends and families that enabled us to get to the Earth Summit.
What challenges did you face? We didn’t know how to do anything! As kids we don’t know how difficult things are, but nothing’s impossible. We heard about the huge talks in Rio...we saw it as all these adults making decisions that affected us, and we thought there needed to be children represented, so we decided we should go. We had incredible support around us and managed to get there, and then through luck and hard work we got to speak. That’s proof that there is no limit to what kids can do. Kids have the ability to rally their community, if an idea captures them, and they will find the support. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, because no one can do anything on their own. Nowadays it’s very possible to be involved in global issues from home.
Why is it important for the younger generations to take action and get involved in activism?
What can schools, parents and society do to inspire people to develop an environmental ethic?
It’s very important for children, because youths and children are being exposed to problems around the world and if you don’t do anything it’s depressing and disheartening, and it’s quite dangerous to have no outlet for that frustration. In order to channel that energy, it doesn’t have to be active campaigning, it could be making compost or writing a letter that can help, it can make you feel like you’re doing something. The rest of the world needs to hear that message, now more than ever. More than ever, people need to be reminded of what is truly at stake. The real reason people should care about the environment is children. Children are the only ones who can cut through the rationale of adults.
Leading by example is the most powerful way to change others. There are so many things schools can do. Schools and teachers can look at your carbon footprint, or organise Packaging Free lunches. They can plant gardens! They can make compost heaps for lunch waste and turn it into food for worms and plants! They can have Classroom vs. Classroom competitions for no waste. These actions have a far-reaching effects. So many parents have told me that they are affected by their kids.
What is your favourite quote? The quote I use most is from Mahatma Gandhi: “You must be the change you want to see in the world”. He also said “My life is my message.”
What is the most important lesson you learned from your Mother and Father? To speak out, and stand up for what I believe! They have taught me this lesson by their actions. They have always been involved in community projects and battles for conservation and social justice, from my schoolyard to starting their own environmental foundation, the David Suzuki Foundation.
What advice would you give to the future generations of eco warriors? Use your voice. The world absolutely needs to hear it. When I gave the Rio speech, that was 18 years ago and even now it has resurfaced and people talk about it all the time. I’m just blown away by how much people listen to the voice of a child. We really need to hear it and you have to make sure your voice is heard - don’t be afraid.
Summit! When she was just 12, Severn made a powerful speech at the Earth Check it out at www.youtube.com/watch?v=uZsDliXzyAY
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Earth is the only planet in our solar system that has liquid water – so it’s the only one that can support life.
DID YOU KNOW?
Half of the world’s wetlands have been lost since 1900. (UN)
The amount of water on earth has been the same for billions of years and has never changed. The water is recycled through the water cycle, which means you could be drinking the same water as the dinosaurs did!
London and the South East of England have less water than the Sudan in North East Africa.
UK Department for International Development
Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
UN Human Development Report
One Well (OW)
Rochelle Strauss published by A&C Black
British Bottled Water Producers
97.5% of the earth’s water is saltwater. If the world’s water fitted into a bucket, only one teaspoonful of that would be drinkable. The drinkable water can be found in: • 2.14% in glaciers and ice caps • 0.61% in pools of water below the ground • 0.009% in freshwater lakes • 0.005% in water stored in soil • 0.001% in water droplets in the air (HDR) • 0.0001% in rivers
1 billion people in the world have to walk more than 15 minutes to get to the nearest supply of water. An average bucket of water weighs 10kg. African and Asian women often carry twice that on their heads - the same as you can take on a plane with you (HDR)
Oceans are salty because, as rivers flow towards the sea, they collect salt from rocks and soil and add it to the ocean. As ocean water evaporates, salt is left behind.
It takes 185L, or 20 buckets, of water to make a glass of milk – this is because water is used to grow food for cows and process the milk in a dairy. The more processed food is the more water is used to make it. For example, 5200L (almost 60 bathtubs) of water is used to make one fast food meal of a burger, chips and a fizzy drink. (OW)
We need to take in about 2.5L of water from food and drink every day – in our lifetimes we will drink about a swimming pool-full. (OW) In making things, water is used to keep machines cool and running smoothly. Some products are easier and faster to make which means they use less water in the process. To make a bicycle it takes about 130L of water BUT it takes around 146,000L of water to produce a car. (OW)
If a tanker represents the world’s wa ter, a bathtub would be the amount of fresh water, and 9 fizzy drink cans is the amount of fresh water that’s availab le for us to use. The rest of the bathtub wo uld be filled with ice and snow. (OW)
Households in rural Africa spend an average of 26% of their time fetching water. This is about the same amount of time you spend in school every day. (UK DFID) Around the world people use different amounts of water. The UN suggests that each person needs 20-50 litres of safe freshwater a day for their basic needs for drinking, cooking and cleaning. An average North American uses 400L per day (WOW that’s wasting a lot!) An average European uses 200L per day (Making progress!) An average Briton uses 150L per day (Getting better but there is still more to do!) An average person in the developing world uses ONLY 10 litres of water per day (That’s not even enough!) (HDR and WSSCC)
In 60% of European cities (that have more than 100,000 people), safe water is being used up quicker than it can be replaced. (UN)
Nearly 80% of all diseases in the world are caused by dirty water. (OW)
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Want to tell us something? Do you feel like sharing some thoughts with other readers? Well, you’re in luck because from our next issue we’ll have a letters page! We want to hear from YOU! We want to hear what you think about the topics we talked about in this issue, what you enjoyed about the magazine, what you learned, what environmental things you’ve been thinking about and what you think WE should be thinking about!
it's your ! s r e t let
Email your letters to: email@example.com or write to Green Kids Magazine, Unit UG7, 14 Greville Street, London EC1N 8SB
Perhaps you have some ideas about what we could include in our next issue? Maybe you know something about one of the things you read? Or do you think we could be doing something better?! Whatever you want to say, we want to hear it and share it with everyone, so tell us! And don’t forget you can send us pictures and poems too! We’ll print our favourite letters in your May/June issue of Green Kids and the best 3 letters will win subscriptions to the Secret Seed Society (see page 28 for details)!
Dear Green Kids, I think your magazin e is great! I loved what you w rote about the water pipes and all the cool facts. I think looking after the world is im portant, especially wild anim als. Will you write about anim als going extinct? I hope you like my picture of a polar be ar!
Emily, Aged 9
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E W O D WHAT ? R O F R E T A W E S U skin (middle)
Household use In total, about 1/6 of the world’s water use is in people’s homes. Look at the graph on this page to see how the average home uses water.
Farming atering crops – more than 2/3 of W world water use is for this!
About 1/6 of the world’s water use goes on this! • Heating and cooling things when we’re making them
• Filling swimming pools • Watering golf courses
Making electricity When we use water to make electricity, it is called ‘hydroelectric’ power. This electricity is made using the force of flowing water. Check out our next issue to learn more about hydroelectric power and other renewable energies!
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• Making all kinds of products, from mobile phones to soap to clothes This only makes up a tiny part of water use, but it’s getting bigger.
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• Growing food for farm animals and giving them water to drink
We use water for lots of different things, every day! Some you might not even think about!
n a i r Victo Mia
ior Our Junte Repor r
water mains London is a big city with lots of people living in it. We all drink water, have showers, wash clothes and flush the toilets. Each of these actions needs water. Under the streets there are tubes that bring water into our houses, but these tubes are getting very old and they leak! Our Junior Reporter, Mia (10) from London, asked Thames Water about the water system, why they are replacing it and how much of an impact it will make? There is a lot of water running loose under your feet!
What is Thames Water? Thames Water are the company that controls all of Londonâ€™s drinking water and sewage systems.
Why is Thames Water replacing the Victorian water mains? They are replacing the water mains because they are old and they leak 40% of the pipes are over 100 years and 20% are over 150 years old.
Why do we need to replace the water mains? More and more people are moving into London and the South East of England, which means that we need more water. When the pipes leak, we are loosing water instead of saving it. The other reason we have less water is because with warmer summers we have less rain, meaning the water supply is not replaced.
What is wrong with the original mains and what are you replacing them with? The old pipes are being replaced by new plastic ones that are tougher and not as likely to burst and leak. The old ones were made from cast-iron and in the cold weather the old pipes contracted causing cracks which lead to burst pipes. The pressure from cars driving over the old pipes is often too much and makes the problem worse.The other problem with the old pipes is that chemicals from the clay which is in Londonâ€™s soil eat into the iron pipes, leaving holes which the water leaks out of.
What is the environmental effect of replacing the water mains?
How much water will be saved by replacing the mains?
Some people think itâ€™s an inconvenience, but Thames Water is trying to speed up the process and talk to people about what is happening. In terms of the environment, replacing the mains means less water will be taken from lakes and rivers to filter so that we can drink it. Filtering water uses energy, which releases carbon into the air. By fixing the leaks we are saving water and energy!
They have already saved 24%, but 680 million litres (270 Olympic swimming pools) is still leaking under London every day. In order to finish the job they need a lot of money! They are working with Ofwat to get funding. They have been working for 6 years so far, and have more than 20 years left to go!
Tell us what you think!...
be a junior reporter Ofwat is a company that makes sure the water companies do what they are supposed to for the money your parents pay them. They keep an eye on water companies to make sure they donâ€™t do anything wrong, kind of like our teachers and parents do for us! So far 1300 miles of water mains have been replaced. Stretched end to end these would reach form London to Greece! BUT, they still have another 10,000 miles to go, and stretched end to end that would reach from London to the middle of Australia!
Each metre costs ÂŁ450 to replace, which means it will cost a lot of money to finish the job. London is a 21st Century city, but we are using 19th century pipes. This is better than nothing, but if we want to save water, so that we protect our lakes and rivers, and so that we can drink and wash, this job needs to be done!
Do you have an idea for a story?
Would you like to have an article published in a magazine? This is your chance because Green Kids Magazine is looking for Junior Reporters! Turn over the page for details!
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Turn over for d etails!
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Wash your pets outdoors, preferably in a drier area of your lawn.
helpful hints ou hile ynearly w p a t g the wastes ute. Runnionur teethr every minit yourselfer l y e m brushres of watyou can lil the tumubsh. 9 lit tumbler ater. File your br brush oth of w rins ng a By usi ly 250 ml use it to un your toe tumbler to onf way andfinished, rll half th hal ou are and refi mouth. y Whener the tap rinse your d to un
Ch – a tap witeck taps for leaks every 4 sec h even a slow dr of water aonds will leak abouip of 1ml per month, day. That’s 630 litret 21 litres year! Thats and 7665 litres wa s wasted fire engine enough to fill morsted per s! e an adult aSno, if you find a leakthat 4 , tell d see if them mendyou can help it!
If you want warm water from the tap and it’s too hot, turn down the hot instead of turning up the cold. This will use less water. 26
Keep a jug of water in the fridge to chill it, instead of running the tap until it’s cold.
ter. lot of wa as a a s e s u t ice such he toile Flushing ta water-saving dev3 litres every By fitting po, you can save 1-ult’s help you water hip flush. With an ad g a brick or a time you our own by placin ith water or w y can make ater bottle filled e sure it’s not k 1 litre w the cistern. Ma g!!! sand into touching anythin
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Showers use less water than baths. by limiting your shower to 5 minutes you can still get clean without wasting too much water. If you have to take a batH, only FILL it up 1/3 of the way.
Try washing your hair with water collected in a water butt, it makes your hair very soft.
W vegeatsah your fru water b i instelaeds in a patnand water of run of from t ning he tap.
Pour ‘dirty’ water from cleaning your fish tank on house plants – it’s full of nutrients that plants want, like nitrogen and phosphorus!
Only fill the kettle or pot with as much water as you need to boil. This will save electricity too.
Soak pots instead of leand pans water run wtting the scrape themhile you clean.
Ask your p butt – a bigarents to get a wate outside to barrel that you keer c p Use this wa ollect rainwater in. ter for th ings like watering p lants.
Don’t put your cloth in the laun es until they dry actually d are irty! 27
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Reviews We’ve been looking at lots of great eco-friendly products. Here are a few of our favourites...
SECRET SEED SOCIETY Calling all undercover gardeners! Secret Seed Society wants to recruit YOU to be an Agent for organic farming in your own living room... Sign up to join this gang of growers and a mysterious parcel arrives in the post... Inside it, you will find your Seed Agent ID card, some seeds, a story about the latest goings-on in Seed City, and instructions for your special mission... Your mission, should you choose to accept it, will be to follow the instructions and make your seeds grow! (you will get different seeds every time). When your seeds have finished growing, there is a recipe in every booklet for using them to make a tasty meal or treat.
Showerdrop Worried about how much water your shower uses but have no idea how much it pumps out during your daily wash? Well worry no longer, because the Showerdrop can tell you exactly how many litres you use! The Showerdrop is a blue, raindrop-shaped gadget which cleverly measures your shower litre by litre and beeps at you when you’ve used the 35 litres recommended by Waterwise! The Drop comes with a litre-sized sturdy plastic bag with volume markers on so you can time how long it takes your shower to spray out one litre of water (you set the Drop by this), and then you’re ready to measure your shower! You’ll be amazed by how quickly a power shower uses 35 litres compared with a regular shower. This handy little gadget could save you gallons of water and save the people who pay for it lots of money, but only if you obey its beeping and get out of the shower! You could also use it to see what 35 litres looks like in your bathtub – which will probably show you why it’s better to take showers than baths!
RRP: £12.71 (but can be found cheaper online!)
Available at lots of online eco-stores and Amazon.
Stories about Seed City’s citizens (Seedizens), including Chrissie Cress and Mingo Mung (bean), come with the instructions and recipes and lots of really cool and quirky drawings. Everything is made from recycled materials of course, even your agent card is made from plants! By visiting www.secretseedsociety.com you might even find a few extras and competitions and a place where Agents can upload their veggie photos and comments.
RRP: £5.00 +50p P&P
Per pack and each extra Agent card is £2.50
ONE WELL Imagine if all the Earth’s water came out of just one well that we all had to share... That’s sort of true – all the water on Earth is connected and there really is one source.
Rochelle Strauss helps you to picture how every person, plant and animal in the world uses the Earth’s water supply and how everything is connected. Every question you can think of to do with water – you’ll find the answer in here! There are a lot of colourful drawings to show you where all the water in the Well goes, and tonnes of watery facts and handy tips about how you can make a difference to the Well. There are even a few pages for the grown-ups to read so they understand what you’re talking about when you want to tell them about habitats, climate and water shortage! Published by: A&C Black Publishing, London
Pack of 3 RRP £18-21
PANTS TO POVERTY Pants! Ok it’s time to giggle! But these pants are no ordinary pants, they are helping to make the lives of farmers and their families better! These pants are Fairtrade, which means the farmer is paid properly and the pants are made with organic cotton, no nasty pesticides (the chemicals that are usually used to kill the bugs that eat the cotton plants)! This means no allergic reactions to chemicals, and you can feel good about the difference you are making every time you put on your very own Pants to Poverty! You can get your own pair of pants by visiting:
Turn to page 8 to find out how you can win your own pair!
Super Stuffed Cabbage Balls (veggie)
Recipes Super Stuffed Cabbage Balls You will need 75g long grain brown rice 450ml vegetable stock (from stock cubes) 2 tablespoons of oil – sunflower or olive 1 onion, chopped up small 200g of cooked red lentils 1 egg ½ a teaspoon of dried mixed herbs 1 tablespoon of tomato puree A medium-sized cabbage A can of chopped tomatoes Black pepper An adult helper
is in e g a b b a C rch! a M in n o s sea
Rhubarb custard tart
Place rhubarb in a pie shell. Ask an adult to help you! Turn the oven on up to 180 C/350 F, gas mark 4 Put the rice in a saucepan with the stock. Boil, turn the hob down, put a lid on the pan and simmer for about 20 minutes or until the stock has all gone o
Beat together sugar, flour, salt, lemon juice, eggs. Pour the beaten mixture over the rhubarb. Cook at 230 oC for 10 minutes. Cook at 165 oC for 30 minutes or until the custard mixture is solidifie d.
You will need 700 grams finely chopped rhubarb 1 uncooked pie shell 230 grams sugar 3 tbsp flour 15 ml lemon juice 2 eggs A dash of salt An adult helper
While you wait, heat the oil in a large pan and gently cook the choppe d onion for 5 minutes until it’s soft Add the cooked lentils, mixed herbs, tomato puree and pepper, and cook for 2-3 more minutes Put the whole cabbage in a saucepan, cover with water and boil for 10 minutes until soft. Drain it and let it cool completely before touchin g it Pull 8 of the biggest leaves off the head when it’s cool Mix the lentil mixture and the rice together well, adding a beaten egg as well Lay out the 8 cabbage leaves, divide the lentil-rice mix into 8 using your hands, squishing it into balls, and put a ball on the centre of each cabbage leaf If you have extra mix, just use more leaves! Fold the sides of the leaf over to cover the mixture, tucking all the sides in to make sure the mixture stays in! You can turn them into balls or parcels, whichever you find easiest Pile the balls (or parcels) into a shallow casserole dish and pour the chopped tomatoes over them. Put a lid on the dish and bake in the oven for 30-40 minutes Serve hot, with other fresh seasonal vegetables, like leeks and cauliflower For a meatier treat, you could use minced meat like beef, pork or turkey instead of lentils! You could also experiment with flavours by adding different herbs and spices to the mix...
Kathy's Rhubarb Custard Tart
? n o s a e s n i 's t a wh March Broccoli, Cauliflower, Leeks, Onions, Potatoes, Raddish, Spring Green Cabbage, Cabbage When is it available? It is available all year. How does it grow? From a seed planted in a garden If you’re helping with the shopping: Cabbage should be heavy. The leaves should be crisp not limp. Where do I keep the cabbage? In the fruit and vegetable drawer of the fridge. How to do I cook it? Chop it for soup, salads or stir fry. You can use the leaves for cabbage balls.
umber uliflower, CucWatercress a C , ge a b b a Beetroot, C s, Potatoes, Rhubarb, Morel Mushroom
ailable? When is it av ay) il-M pr (A Spring grow? s every year. How does it h means it grow hic w ial nn re pe Rhubarb is a opping: and crisp ing with the sh should be thick If you’re help d celery. They re e lik t bi a look Rhubarb plants d color. with a deep re the Rhubarb? How do I keep fridge. Store it in the used in idic taste. It is ok it? use of its tart ac How do I to co ca be r ga su oked with Rhubarb is co . d fruit desserts an s, jam , es pi
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Too much rain... While we need rain to top up our drinking water sources and make our crops grow, too much of it can be a bad thing! Lots of rain doesn’t just stop us from wanting to run around outside.
Definitions Climate (weather conditions) - like temperature, wetness, windiness, sunshine and cloudiness Precipitation anything made of water falling from the sky: rain, snow, hail, sleet
Floods happen after days of heavy rain or because of melting snow, or both. Rivers overflow, soil gets waterlogged and streets fill up.
Waterlogged soaked full (saturated) of water so it’s useless. Plants die in waterlogged soil Equator the imaginary line around the middle of the earth that separates the north and south hemispheres Northern hemisphere the half of the world that is north of the equator Southern hemisphere the half of the world that is south of the equator Meteorologist someone who studies climate and weather, best known for predicting the weather Deforestation taking trees from land, either to make things from or to make room for farming Glacier a thick layer of squashed snow that has turned to ice, found high up in mountains Tidal water that is joined to the sea and gets higher and lower as the tide rises and falls Typhoid and Cholera are serious illnesses caused by bacteria in dirty water, which lead to a fever or a very upset tummy! If no medicine is available the person could die
FLooding & Drought We may not think of floods and droughts as ‘natural disasters’ because they aren’t as sudden and dramatic as hurricanes or earthquakes, but they can be just as harmful to people living in their path. In the next few pages we will tell you about some places you might not have heard of - look at the map on pages 36 and 37 to see where they are!
People generally agree that most of the world is getting warmer, and that this is changing the world’s climate. One of the biggest effects of the changing climate is on the world’s rain and snowfall. Together rain and snow is known as precipitation - anything watery falling from the sky. Everyone knows rain comes from clouds. Clouds are formed when water vapour (water as a gas) in the air is warmed up, rises in the sky and cools and collects to make water droplets. If the cloud has enough water droplets, the droplets join together to form bigger drops that get heavy and fall to earth as rain. As the world gets hotter, more warm air will mean more clouds forming and more rain falling in many areas.
Flash flooding happens when floodwaters rise suddenly and quickly within several hours of a big rainstorm. Flash floods can be very dangerous as the flowing water is very fast and powerful. Just over half a metre of water (up to the knees of an adult) is enough to float a bus and 15cm (just over their ankles) of fast-flowing water can knock a person over. Big floods are talked about on the news because they can have a huge
effect on people’s lives. They can ruin homes, crops and land - and can even cause deaths. In the UK there have been many very bad floods in the last 10 years which have affected thousands of people and caused a lot of damage. Almost twice as much rain fell in June and July 2007 as would normally fall in those months. 14 people died and 55,000 families had to move away from their homes. In poorer countries, flooding can be even more dangerous for people. In some places houses are built of wood, which can be more easily destroyed than the sorts of houses we have in the UK. Recent floods in places like China and Bangladesh left thousands of people homeless. As well as damaging homes, there are a lot of other things that happen because of flooding. Floods can spread diseases carried by water – some are very nasty, like Cholera and Typhoid fever. In rich countries, diseases are only a problem if sewers burst and people don’t keep away from the dirty flood water. In poorer
countries diseases can spread more easily as people live in crowded camps while they wait for the floods to drain so they can rebuild their houses.
More Floods... Big floods have been happening more and more often as rainfall patterns in many parts of the world have changed. Scientists think heavy rains and big floods in the UK and many countries, mainly in the northern hemisphere, will happen even more often in the future when higher temperatures create more rain. This will be a big problem for the 5 million people in England and Wales whose homes or workplaces could be flooded.
It’s not just a changing climate that causes floods...
EFFECTS OF FLOODING... Damage to homes, buildings and roads Injury or death of people and animals Pollution of water supplies – by sewers, dead animals and chemicals Spread of diseases Damage to crops and food stores – could make people go hungry Trees and crops can drown
For example, deforestation can help cause floods because forests soak up a lot of water. Wetlands can also soak up a lot of water, but many wetlands are drained so people can build on the land. We have also built towns using so much concrete that rainwater can’t flow away very easily.
Erosion of land is when soil is worn away by wind and water
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EFFECTS OF DROUght...
NOT ENOUGH WATER... But even with all this rain, we might still end up being short of water! This might mean we have to do things like ban people from watering their lawns and gardens. This will happen more in the south of Britain, which is already drier than the north. This is because weather scientists – meteorologists – think that we will have drier summers in future and that all the rain will come down in very big, short bursts. When an area has much less precipitation than it would normally have, this is called a drought. Droughts can last for weeks, months or even years. Droughts are nothing new – people and plants have had to battle them for thousands of years by changing their habits and moving to new places to survive. But parts of the world – particularly the
southern hemisphere - could suffer even longer, worse droughts than they already have. In Asia and Africa there have already been more, worse droughts in recent years and people have even noticed drying in southern parts of Europe. Many parts of Australia have had a drought since 2000, and the areas that are too dry for people to live in have gotten larger. Scientists think that after the year 2050, while northern hemisphere winters get wetter, the southern hemisphere winters will get dryer. This will make droughts in places like Australia and southern Africa even worse. People may struggle to survive the longer, harsher droughts and roaring forest fires.
What about the sea? While climate change dries up some rivers and makes others burst their banks with rain, what is it doing to the world’s biggest waters – the oceans?
Crops are damaged or die – so there’s less food for people and animals
Scientists are pretty sure that sea levels are rising. Only by tiny amounts, a couple of millimetres each year, but each year it rises by more than the year before, and it will probably keep rising faster and faster if the climate keeps changing in the same way. More than half of the people in the world live within 40 miles of the sea shore or tidal rivers, and millions of people live near enough to the sea for them to be very worried about it creeping closer to their homes. Climate change experts predict that the sea level rising will speed up if the earth keeps warming up, and say it could be 1 metre higher by the year 2100.
So what is making the sea rise? A lot of it is because huge sheets of ice in Greenland and Antarctica are melting, because the planet is getting warmer. The ice melts straight into the sea. Land glaciers will also keep melting in the next 100 years, adding more water to the seas.
Also, the seas are warming up. This makes the water expand (spread out) and take up more space, which makes the level rise even more. In the UK, sea level rises will mean more flooding and erosion of land next to the sea. There are other countries which will be much worse off because they have much more land close to sea level. Most of the coast of Belgium, The Netherlands and northern Germany would be flooded by a 1 metre rise in the level of the sea. Tropical islands like Tuvalu, which is in the Pacific Ocean, are already starting to be swallowed by the sea, and people are having to move away from their home islands. Many islanders and people all over the world are facing the same conditions, from Bangladesh to New Orleans, San Francisco to Egypt.
As with floods and droughts, poorer countries will find it harder to cope with rising sea levels than rich countries. This is because they have less money to find new homes and food for the people who have to move to escape the sea. They often have less space to move into, so the land will end up overcrowded. Even before seawater actually flows inland, rising levels mean that salt water begins to get into soil and drinking water supplies. Can you imagine having to drink water that tastes like salt? Yuck! Well you are not the only one, plants and trees can’t survive on salty water either! Many of the places that will be affected the most, don’t have much fresh, clean drinking water now, so salt getting into their supplies would be very bad news.
WHAT CAN WE DO TO cope WITH MORE FLOODS, DROUGHTS AND RISING SEA levels? There are some things that countries can do to protect themselves from floods. They can build defences, stop building on land that often floods, and build using materials that can survive flooding and heavy rain. The best thing countries with plenty of water can do is to use as little water as they can by changing the way they live - like washing their clothes less often, and collecting water when it rains. In countries with a lot of droughts, people can store food and water when they have them, and find new water sources to protect, so they can cope better in the next drought.
Farm animals don’t grow as big and healthy, or die Fresh water, like lakes and rivers, can dry up, which is bad for the people and animals who rely on them Power stations running on water power can’t make as much electricity Soil dries out and can be blown away – this is called erosion More wild fires start than normal, and they are hard to put out in the dry land
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Water around the world • China and Bangladesh have recently had very bad floods • In southern parts of Europe like the Mediterranean people have noticed drier weather • Parts of Australia have had droughts since 2000 • Most of the coasts of Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany would be flooded if sea levels rose by 1m • Tuvalu, a tiny island in the Pacific Ocean, is already starting to be swallowed by the sea and people are having to move from their home. Other small Pacific Islands are also at risk • New Orleans and San Francisco are at risk from rising seas • 10.5% of Egypt’s people would be affected by the River Nile flooding, which would cover a quarter of the surrounding low land
• In Vietnam, about 1 in 10 people would have to move would have to move with even a 1m sea level rise
• About 1% of the people of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka would have to move if the seas rose by 1m
Areas in drought
Oviedo, Spain San Fransisco
This is how far the victorian watermains that have been replaced would reach if you lay them end to end!
Ethiopia 8m of 60m population at risk
Eritrea Somalia Also sudden rains and flash flooding Northern China Shanxi province, nearly 3m are short of water
Southern hemisphe re
The Victorian watermains that still need to be replaced would reach the middle if you lay them end to end!
Mauongatapere, New Zeland
Pakistan Iran India
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ergy n E e v a S d n A r e t Save Wa In Your School! HOOLS C S O C E h it w n io t In Associa too?
energy ater you are using w g in us by at th ough to Did you know year on water – en a on illi m 6 10 nd nment e cost to the enviro Schools spend arou th d an – es us ho l n smal much and how ca so buy over 100,000 st co it es do hy w is even greater. So we cut down? has the answers… am te s ol ho Sc oEc The
Before water gets to us in our homes or school it has to be cleaned, making it safe to drink and wash with. This process is called water treatment, and this is how it happens...
How about a project? If your school can make savings on water this can count towards an Eco-Schools Bronze, Silver or Green Flag Award. Here is an idea for a school project.
When water reaches the treatment plant it passes through a huge metal strainer to remove things like leaves and twigs. This process is called screening.
the "Loose your bottle" project
Many of us think drinking bottled water is healthier than water from the tap, but did you know that bottled water is very bad for the environment?
Next, chemicals are added to act like a magnet for smaller impurities like dirt, natural colour and bacteria. The chemicals form a sort of jelly called floc and the name for this stage is flocculation.
Clarification Now the floc has to be taken out of the water, so air is bubbled through the tanks to make the floc float to the surface to form a blanket, where it is scraped off. This process is called Dissolved Air Flotation or DAF for short. It is now called clarified water.
Filtration The clarified water is passed through filters filled with layers of sand and gravel to remove any final traces of the floc and metals such as iron and manganese. These filters are cleaned every 1 or 2 days. Now the water is ready to reach our taps. But lots of energy was used to clean it. Water is good for us and we should drink as much of it as possible, but we should not waste it. Here’s some tips how to use water carefully!
why? A lot of fuel is used to transport bottled water around the country, and this is estimated to create more than 33,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions, equivalent to the annual energy consumptionof 6,000 homes!
What should we do? • Encourage other pupils and teachers to drink tap water rather than bottled water. You can do this by: ~ Selling bottles in school that can be reused every day. These could even have the school’s logo on them. ~ Run a taste test comparing bottled and tap water. Remember water from the tap is clean and safe and many people won’t notice the difference! ~ If you don’t have them already, find out about installing water fountains in your school. ~ Persuade your school’s canteen to stop selling bottled water. ~ Create posters to display in classrooms, reminding students to refill their water bottles. 39
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e g a w se ! s k c u s
So how do bacteria and viruses get into the water in the first place? It all starts when you flush your toilet or empty your sink. What goes down is called wastewater, and it runs along pipes under the ground towards the sewage treatment works.
When you think of the beach you probably dream of sun, sea and sand castles... not sewage, oil, litter and toxic chemicals!
Unfortunately these problems are becoming as common as seagulls, spoiling a good day at the beach and risking the health of people and wildlife. Thankfully, there is a group of people out there called Surfers Against Sewage who are helping to stop these things ever reaching the seaside, and they help clean up our beaches if they do. Surfers Against Sewage (SAS) started back in 1990, when a bunch of surfers got together to campaign for cleaner seas and beaches because they were fed up of getting ill after surfing in sewage-polluted water. Campaigning is when you tell people who can make a difference about a problem and, once they are listening, ask them to do what they need to fix it. SAS now campaign on all sorts of issues that can affect our coasts, not just sewage. So if YOU love going to the beach, read on to find out more about what the problems are, and what you can do to help!
Sewage You probably want to come home after a day at the beach with some good memories, not a tummy bug or an ear infection. But when you are in the sea you can sometimes end up swimming with illness-causing bacteria and viruses.
In the UK, sewage is usually treated to remove the bad bacteria before the sewage is flushed out to sea. But sometimes the treatment doesn’t happen and raw sewage finds its way out to sea, complete with nasty bacteria that can make you ill. Yuck! This doesn’t happen often, but sometimes after lots of rain the sewage treatment works get too full. They fill up not only with the sewage from your house but also with all the rainwater running down the drains on the streets. When it’s full, the sewage treatment works need to find somewhere to put sewage to stop it coming back up into your kitchen or bathroom, so it gets emptied into rivers or seas through an overflow drain. It works a bit like the little drain at the back of your sink that stops water overflowing if you accidentally leave the tap on. The emergency drains are there for a good reason, and sometimes there really is no choice but to let untreated sewage spill into our seas. This is happening more often than it’s supposed to and there are no signs on the beach to warn you when it happens. SAS are working to change this, and by 2012 there should be signs on UK beaches that tell you if the water is clean or dirty. That way you can decide for yourself whether to go in the water or not. But right now it’s a good idea to avoid going in the water for at least 24-48 hours after very heavy rain, to avoid coming into contact with polluted water. One way you can help prevent raw sewage spills is to ‘think before you flush’, and make sure you don’t flush anything down the toilet that’s not poo, pee or paper! Other things can block sewage treatment works, leading to pollution.
Contact Details 40
Surfers Against Sewage: 01872 555 950 www.sas.org.uk
Toxic Chemicals Scientists recently discovered that one third of boy fish in UK rivers are turning into girls! This may make you giggle, but it confuses the fish and they are not able to have as many baby fish. This strange event is caused by some of the chemicals that we wash down the drain every day. In fact, we wash 60 to 70 thousand different chemicals down our drains every single day here in the UK! A lot of these chemicals are found in everyday products like washing-up liquid and shampoo. The good news is there are other products available that use plant-based substances instead of chemicals and these don’t harm the fish. Some examples of good products are Ecover, Eco Leaf, BioD and Earth Friendly Dishmate.
Marine litter Marine litter comes in all shapes and sizes, and from many different sources too. There is about 1 piece of litter for every 48 square centimetres of British coastline, and about 50% of marine litter is plastic. This is shocking when you realise that a plastic bottle takes 450 years to break down! So all the plastic litter floating around in the sea right now will still be there in hundreds of years’ time! This doesn’t just look ugly, but it also endangers wildlife when they mistake little bits of plastic for food - this can make an animal very sick and some even die. One of SAS’s leading marine litter campaigns is called No Butts on the Beach- and they’re not talking about bums here! Cigarette butts are the little bit at the end of a cigarette that you see some adults stub out and throw on the ground. They are made from very thin plastic which takes 15 years to break down. One cigarette butt pollutes 3 litres of seawater with all sorts of harmful chemicals, such as cadmium, lead and arsenic (which is used to kill rats). As you can see, there are lots of things that pollute our water and dirty our beaches. And we need your help! Enjoy your time at the beach and have fun, but if you do notice any pollution, please tell an adult and ask them to call Surfers Against Sewage or the Environment Agency.
Environment Agency: 0800 807 060 www.environment-agency.gov.uk
What you can do to help... • Think before you flush! • Don’t drop litter • Take part in beach cleans • Get your mum or dad to buy chemical-free washing up liquid • Sign our petitions S • Organise a fundraising event for SA • Report any pollution you spot
subcounty, Ryan in the Ogur ganda U Lira District of
WATER POVERTY In the UK we are lucky to have enough clean water to drink and use for everyday things like having a bath and washing the dishes. Around the world 1 in 8 children and their families are not as lucky. But there are a lot of charities that are helping to build new technology that cleans water and brings it closer to villages so children can go to school and parents can work to make money for food, instead of spending time walking to collect water. Here we have highlighted a few charities that are making a big difference to peoples’ lives in places where WATER POVERTY is an issue. You don’t have to be an adult working for a charity to make a difference, as you will see from Ryan’s Story! To make a difference you need to feel very strongly about something and be willing to make sacrifices!
access to enough clean water to water poverty: Not having survive and not get sick drainage and sewage properly and Sanitation: Getting rid of keep things clean making sure rules are followed to 42
RYAN's STORY Ryan’s Well Foundation - Water is Life In 1998, a 6 year-old boy called Ryan learned from his teacher that African villagers were forced to walk many kilometres a day because they didn’t have enough clean water, and even when they got water, it wasn’t always clean! “All I had to do was take 9 or 10 steps from my classroom to get to the drinking fountain and I had clean water. Before that day I figured everyone lived like I did, so when I found this out I decided I had to do something.” He started a project he thought would solve the problem: raise $70 to build a well in Uganda by saving his pocket money, doing extra chores and spreading the word about the clean water crisis. Over the past 11 years this ‘little project’ has grown into The Ryan’s Well Foundation that has run 518 water and sanitation projects in 16 countries, bringing clean water and sanitation to more than 640,000 people. “I hope my story is a reminder that we can all make a difference, whether you are short or tall, old or young, it applies to each and every one of us.”
Did you know almost 1.8 million children die every year from diseases caused by dirty water and poor sanitation? Think about what access to clean water, hand-washing stations and toilets means – fewer illnesses from water-carried diseases such as diarrhoea, cholera, and malaria, private places to go to the toilet and children being able to learn at school instead of collecting water. “The Foundation hopes to keep taking strong steps towards a brighter future for our friends in water-poor countries, by working with them so that they can build brighter futures for themselves.” “My work with the Foundation has taught me that to make a positive change in the world, you need to find something that you are passionate about and then you need to take steps to act. Although they may be very small steps, if you keep at it and never give up, your impact will grow year after year.” To get involved in Ryan’s Well, check out the website at www.ryanswell.ca or email firstname.lastname@example.org
When I was nine I went to Uganda. I learned I was someone who took everything for granted. There was nothing too wrong with the way I lived but I felt really guilty for a while. Then I learned later that I was taking the negative out of a sea of goodness.
All the kids absolutely loved things like footba ll, and I played it with them almost every day. Prov iding clean water gives kids the opportunity to be kids The people I admire most are the kids around the world who are trying to make a difference in their own way. I really look up to them. They are making the world a better place 43
One Water is a charity that helps provide children in Africa with clean drinking water. All of One Water’s profits, every last drop, fund amazing roundabout-powered water pumps in Africa called PlayPumps®. As children spin on the roundabout, fresh clean water is pumped from deep under the ground into a storage tank for use by the entire community. Now, rather than spending hours walking to collect water, children have the time to go to school and get an education. Excess water is used to irrigate vegetable gardens and the entire community has access to clean, free drinking water. So far, One Water has funded 421 PlayPumps® and helped 840,000 people to get access to clean drinking water. If you would like to join One Water in helping to bring clean water to children in Africa then visit www.onedifference.org/ campaign
FRANK Water Projects was started in 2005 and works to give people in India access to clean water by installing award-winning water filtering plants. All their projects are owned and maintained by the village community, with local partners providing technical support and running education programmes with groups and schools. Each project costs £7,000, with each facility giving more than 7,000 people access to clean water. This means it costs just a pound to
provide access to clean, healthy water for one person for life. By using water filters instead of pumps they can make sure the water is 100% clean, and also free of unwanted chemicals, such as arsenic or fluoride. Both of these chemicals can lead to terrible diseases. Filtering also means they don’t contaminate the groundwater and their projects will be sustainable well into the future.
FRANK Water Projects have so far funded 58 clean water plants in India, reaching more than 400 thousand people. Clean water means people are healthier and children are able to go to school regularly. Having a project in their village means they don’t have to spend long hours every day collecting water from a long way away. To find out more about FRANK Water or to support them through buying their products, visit www.frankwater.com
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GO givers! Ever wonder how much rain they have in Spain? Or where the driest place in the world is? Well Go-Givers has put together an interactive map that helps you find the answers to those questions and many, many more! Next time you are on the web, visit www.gogivers.org/niftygear/worldviewers/precipitation and click on the country you want to learn about! Go-Givers is the Citizenship Foundation’s flagship programme for primary schools. It aims to make you into a caring and concerned citizen with the confidence and skills to make a positive contribution to your community, both locally and globally.
Go-Givers offers a wide range of free web-based learning resources which are fully referenced to the National Curriculum, the SEAL Programme and the National Healthy Schools Initiative. It has been developed in the belief that children’s education should have its basis in a philosophy of personal responsibility, mutual respect and concern for the world we live in.
Deen City Farm is a community project in South West London which people can visit free of charge, Tuesday to Sunday, 10.30am to 4.30pm. Over Easter the Farm offers Holiday Programmes primarily for children between the ages 8-13. These special days are only bookable in advance, so please contact us direct at the farm on:
020 8543 5300 Please quote ref GK2/10. Prices from £20 per day per child.
more details at
7. If you only had 20 litres of water to use each day what would yo u do with it?
SPAIN Oviedo’s beautiful Cathederal
1. What do you use water for every day? Drinking, showering, brushing my teeth and washing my hands.
2. Do you use water for fun? If so how? Yes! In the summer I play with water balloons and water guns, go to the beach and use swimming pools.
Just drinking and sharing with my family!
WHo: Elena , age 10 WHERE: Ovi edo, Astur ias, Spain School: San to Doming o de GuzmA n 4. If so how has this changed your life and the lives of other people in your country? People die with thirst or they lose their houses because of the floods. Because we know we are using water too quickly people are trying to find ways to use less water.
5. Do you try to cut down on how much water you use? If so how? I don’t cut it down.
6. What tips would you have on saving water for other kids your age? How about the grown-ups?
Kids can close the tap while brushing their 3. In the last 6 months has there teeth or have showers instead of baths. your in ght drou been a flood or Adults can fill the washing machine more so area? How about in your country? they don’t waste water.
In my area there are no droughts or floods, but there are some droughts in the south of Spain.
8. What big changes would this make in your life? Remember this is how much water children in Africa use everyday. Maybe we shouldn’t use the water to play, and we should take showers instead of baths.
OVIedo fact file Population: 224,005 in 2009 Area: 18,665 km2 Climate: like the rest of north-west Spain it’s more varied than in southern Spain. Summers are humid and warm, with lots of sunshine, but also some rain. Winters are cold, there’s snow in the mountains from October until May, and there is regularly rain and snow in Asturian winters. Average yearly precipitation: 910.3mm Official language: Spanish. The Asturian language (Bable) is also spoken and, in the western part of Asturias, Eonavian is also spoken. Average income: low compared with the rest of Spain. Year founded: said to be 761, by two monks. But archaeologists think there have been people there since Roman times. Public transport: there are buses within and between towns, railways that link towns together and with the rest of Spain, and there’s an airport 40km away from Oviedo
Random facts • Oviedo is a picturesque medieval city, the capital city of the Principality of Asturias, a province in northern Spain. • Two-time Formula One World Champion Fernando Alfonso was born here. • Asturias used to be a kingdom with its own royal family, and is now one of Spain’s ‘autonomous’ states, meaning its government can make many important decisions about life there. • The area of Asturias has rugged coastal cliffs and big mountains at its centre. • Asturias is well-known for its seafood, local natural cider and also for a traditional stew made from white beans, pork, black sausage and spicy chorizo sausage. • Asturias is often called ‘the land of cheeses’ (el país de los quesos) as it is famous across Spain for the variety and quality of its cheese. • It’s main industries used to be farming and fishing and more recently are coal mining and steel-making.
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