Green Fire Times March 2019

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MARCH 2019































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VOLUME 11 NO. 3 MARCH 2019



What a powerful time to be celebrating International Women’s Month! Over the 20 years that I have been a part of the Women’s Movement, I have witnessed the power of women’s resistance, persistence, strength, bravery and a growing sisterhood that has led us to this historical point. Built on the momentum of a feminist movement generations in the making, ripples of feminist power are transforming the dynamics and landscape into a life-changing, paradigm-shifting moment. In 2001, I worked with activists around the world who found their voice to push back against being allowed to say the word “vagina” when staging the global phenomenon, The Vagina Monologues. We believed that if women couldn’t say the word, they couldn’t describe what was happening to their bodies. Sixteen years later, #MeToo was front-page news because women recognized the opportunity of the moment and came forward to talk about what had been happening to their bodies for decades. In 2018, the #BlueWave coursed over the United States, and over 135 women were elected to the U.S. Congress for the first time. New Mexico saw an unprecedented wave of elected women elected who will reshape local and national politics. This political moment, which is so ripe for promoting substantial change and collaboration, has also become fraught with division and misunderstanding. It’s easier to conquer us when we are divided. The power of our collective sisterhood, our pent-up rage and our strategic brilliance is a force for the reckoning. We cannot lose momentum now.

We all have work to do; deep work, as individuals, alone and in our communities— we have questions to ask: How do we tap into a more intersectional appreciation of identities and oppression to develop greater understanding, synergy and impact? How can we consolidate the power and voice of women in all our diversities and struggles? How do we listen to one another with humility and solidarity, recognizing and respecting our different struggles—big and small—acknowledging our flaws and foibles, reaching out to forgive ourselves and others and find our common humanity and solidarity? In New Mexico, gender justice activists are grabbing onto the growing momentum, catalyzing it into its full power and celebrating our growing sisterhood. In the pages that follow, you will read about the vital, often challenging, but definitely rewarding work being done in our communities to address sexism, white male privilege, the effects of capitalism, racism, income inequality and, most importantly, deep-rooted misogyny. We have a revolution to catalyze in our country and in our community, so I invite you, as an influencer, as a generous philanthropist, as an artist, leader, activist—be the drops of water that create the ripples that build momentum for the waves of future feminist power! ¢ Cecile Lipworth, a leader and catalyst in feminist movement building, worked for 15 years at the intersection of art and activism at V-Day, the global movement to end violence against women and girls, founded by Eve Ensler. She is the event curator for Collected Works Bookstore in Santa Fe and co-hosts a Saturday morning talk show, Brave Space, on Talk 103.7 FM /1260 AM.

OP-ED: Kim Brown and Maria JosE RodrIguez CAdiz

#MeToo – #GirlsToo The Change We Seek It was incredibly exciting and powerful to stand with women at the Women’s March. Together, we elevated our important work to a much higher level of community strength. Violence against women and girls is the highest symptom of illness in any community, and in ours, we are saying enough is enough! At Solace Crisis Treatment Center and Girls Inc. we are determined to not let the momentum of #MeToo die out. We are no longer just advocating for change. We know that, together, we are the change. We do not need to have the power given to us. We have the power. Our goals are ambitious and will take collective action by all of us. We will succeed when we: •

bring women of color to the front of the conversation and platforms. This is our #1 priority.

unite our strengths to build a culture that no longer tolerates sexual violence or harassment in any form.

listen to those voices which are often silenced by inadequate and oppressive systems.

change the limiting and harmful messages youth receive about how girls and boys should behave and treat each other.

create communities where all youth grow up safe, respected and valued.

Sexual harassment and violence is an epidemic that starts at a young age. About seven out of 10 girls experience sexual harassment at some point in high school. One in three girls in New Mexico will experience sexual violence before turning 18.

Violence against women and girls is the highest symptom of illness in any community.

The root of this epidemic is an imbalance of power. From an early age, young people receive limiting and harmful messages about how girls and boys should behave and be treated. As a society, we perpetuate attitudes and normalize behaviors that harm girls and boys and follow them into adulthood. The #MeToo movement brought this issue into the mainstream. #GirlsToo focuses on girls’ experiences and builds on the conversation to help address the root causes. Together, let’s advocate for laws centered on the dignity and courage of survivors. Despite that often they aren’t believed because they may not have hard evidence of crimes commit-

ted against them, and despite the isolation and humiliation they experience, they continue to come forward. That is the definition of courage and demonstrates a commitment to creating a better world, for themselves and for the rest of us. We shouldn’t only make it girls’ responsibility to prevent sexual harassment and violence. We all must examine our attitudes and beliefs about gender and power and take seriously the experiences and concerns of young people. We can no longer tolerate sexual harassment and violence and must change the culture to create a society where all girls can grow up safe, respected and valued. We must demand a culture of affirmative consent, which says that yes means yes and that yes is willing, voluntarily and with enthusiasm. Together, let’s become effective, active community members. Let’s make sure that everyone will start believing survivors. The #GirlsToo campaign aims to bring change to the different parts of society that influence girls’ lives. The change we seek starts with each of us. We know that major cultural change is hard and will take years, but we have to work from where we are. The time is now. Together, we will create a more equitable society that values and promotes the dignity of girls and all young people.¢


Today, I am taking a stand. • I believe that every person deserves to be treated with dignity and respect and that discrimination against girls and women harms everyone. •

I recognize that our society perpetuates violence against women and girls, and I‘m committed to helping change the culture.

I will respect others and honor their right to say no.

I will no longer accept sexual harassment and sexual violence as part of growing up.

I will reflect on my own attitudes, beliefs and behaviors related to gender and sex and challenge others to do the same.

I will act to prevent and respond to sexual harassment and violence and support those affected.

_______________________________________________ Kim Brown is CEO of Girls Inc. of Santa Fe. For over 60 years, Girls Inc. has inspired girls to be strong, smart and bold by providing life-changing experiences and viable solutions to girls’ unique issues. Trained professionals mentor in a safe, girls-only environment. The programs focus on healthy living, academic enrichment, life skills and independence. 505.982.2042, https:// María José Rodríguez Cádiz is executive director of Solace Crisis Treatment Center, a non-profit, Santa Fe-based agency that serves individuals who have experienced sexual violence or other traumatic events. Solace’s clinical team serves Santa Fe, Río Arriba and Los Alamos counties, as well as north-central New Mexico and individuals from San Ildefonso, Nambé, Tesuque and Santo Domingo pueblos. 505.988.1951, Flanked by members of Girls Inc. holding signs, Kim Brown and María José Rodríguez Cádiz, galvanize the crowd gathered at the Northern New Mexico Women’s March



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Local groups, such as Wise Fool New Mexico, who brought giant puppets, and Tewa elder Kathy Sanchez, joined artists such as Oriana Lee, poets, activists and leading community members such as Jill Cooper Udall, to celebrate the 2019 Northern New Mexico Women’s March. Women’s March photos © Seth Roffman


International Women’s Day celebrates the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. The celebration continues through the month of March. It is also a worldwide call to action for challenging bias and accelerating gender balance across the world. The 2019 campaign theme is #BalanceforBetter. Proponents say that gender balance is essential for economies and communities to thrive, that balance is not a women's issue; it's a business issue. And so, the race is on for the gender-balanced boardroom, a gender-balanced government, gender-balanced media coverage, a gender-balance of employees, more gender-balance in wealth, gender-balanced sports coverage, etc. The first International Women’s Day (IWD) occurred in 1911, supported by over one million people. IWD is not country-, group- or organization-specific. Today, it belongs collectively to all groups everywhere. Gloria Steinem, world-renowned feminist, journalist and activist, once explained “The story of women's struggle for equality belongs to no single feminist nor to any one organization but to the collective efforts of all who care about human rights.” Activists say that collective action and shared responsibility for driving a gender-balanced world is key, and that right now is a great time to do everything possible to help forge a more gender-balanced world. Women have come a long way, yet there's still more to be achieved. They ask, “How will you help make a difference?” For more information, visit



OP-ED: Amber Morningstar Byars and Christina M. Castro, Ph.D.

Missing & Murdered Women, Girls, Trans and Two-Spirit An epidemic of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women (MMIW) has been plaguing Indian Country for decades, with little law-enforcement response or a potential solution on the horizon. Indigenous women, trans-women, and two-spirit community members continue to be murdered and sexually assaulted at alarmingly high rates all across the United States and in Canada. One out of every two Native women will experience at least one sexual assault in her lifetime. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has named murder as the third leading cause of death among American Indian and Alaskan Native women. This means that we are 10 times more likely to be murdered than the national average. Beginning in 2017, the Urban Indian Health Institute used the Freedom of Information Act to probe law enforcement agencies, public records and media sources of almost 71 cities across the country to compile this information. In 2018, the institute released an unprecedented report detailing this epidemic. The institute listed cities with the highest rates of MMIW: Seattle, Albuquerque, Anchorage, Tucson, Billings, Gallup, Tacoma, Omaha, Salt Lake City and San Francisco. As for the states with the highest numbers, New Mexico came in first, followed by Washington, Arizona, Alaska, Montana, California, Nebraska, Utah, Minnesota and Oklahoma. Why is this happening to Indigenous women? In part, it’s because of a jurisdictional loophole. If a non-Native man comes onto a reservation, takes a woman off the reservation and sexually assaults or murders her, he cannot be prosecuted by tribal authorities because they do not possess jurisdiction. In such a case, the responsibility of investigation and prosecution should fall to the state. However, because it involves someone from a sovereign nation, a tribal member who is essentially from a “foreign country,” states hand over these cases to the feds, who, nine times out of 10, simply do not investigate them.

Please get involved. Our lives depend on it. It is also important to mention MMIW’s relationship to extractive industry. Oil and gas pipeline construction requires a transient, temporary labor pool, often housed in “man camps.” In many cases, short-term housing is built close to reservation borders, where hundreds of male workers stay. Some take advantage of that loophole in law enforcement, knowing they can likely get away with it. Unfortunately, that loophole isn’t the sole cause of MMIW because 71 percent of American Indian and Alaskan Natives actually live off the reservation in urban settings. Blatant institutional racism also plays a large part in the disappearance and murder of our Native sisters.

These authoritative failures and jurisdictional loopholes occur because they are allowed to. Audra Willis (Tohajiilee, NM) Antoinette Christine Cayedito (Gallup, NM) Tanya Theresa Begay (Tohatchi, NM) Shannon Miles (Albuquerque, NM) Melanie Marie James (Farmington, NM) Zonnie Begay (Ojo Encino, NM) Zachonda Trujillo (Ojo Encino, NM) Ashlynn Mike (Farmington, NM) Danette Webb (Albuquerque, NM) Julia Vincente (Shiprock, NM) Betty Claw (Farmington, NM) Tiffany Reid (Shiprock, NM) Danielle Rae Vigil (Gallup, NM) Ashley Elisabeth Rosales (Belen, NM) Chantelle Leanne Bitsilly (Gallup, NM) Bonnie Edsitty (Prewitt, NM) Nicole Westbrook (Albuquerque, NM) Samantha Begay (Gallup, NM) Twila Montoya (Bernalillo, NM) Cornelia J. Nez (Albuquerque, NM) Kathleen Ortiz (Chimayo, NM) Anna L. Spencer (Gallup, NM) Gloria King (Albuquerque, NM) Christine Julian (Albuquerque, NM) This epidemic is not going to end any time soon unless you get involved. Please call and write your local, state and federal representatives and demand that they put MMIW on their agendas. Support bills pending in the New Mexico Legislature (HB 278 and SB 253). Start conversations in your communities and within your circles of friends about MMIW, and seek out ways in which to help. To keep informed of upcoming events, please follow Three Sisters Collective on Facebook or on our website. Please get involved. Our lives depend on it!

In 2016, 5,712 cases of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women were reported, but only 116 were logged into the Department of Justice Missing Persons Database. When the Urban Indian Health institute reached out to 71 law enforcement agencies across the nation, 14 did not respond, while another 18 still have requests pending. To date, 95 percent of MMIW cases in the United States since 2000 have not been reported in the mainstream media. These authoritative failures and jurisdictional loopholes occur because they are allowed to. The U.S. government has never made the protection of Indigenous women of this country a priority. Since its founding, this country’s policies have largely served the interest of wealthy white men. Some of the United States of America’s founders were the first to rape our women, steal our children and slaughter our men and elders. Violence against Native women has always been allowed in this country, and unless we do something to stop it, it will continue. The following are names of some of our sisters whom we have lost. They are still missing in New Mexico. While you read their names, we ask that you keep their spirits and their loved ones in your prayers.



MARCH 2019

Left: Christina Castro and daughter Maize smudged the plaza stage before the presentations. Above: Amber Morningstar Byars (with Carrie Wood next to her) told the crowd that New Mexico has the highest number of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women in the United States.


Our Bodies, Our Stories: Sexual Violence Among Native Women in Seattle, WA ( Understanding the Problem of Sexual Assault ( Policy Insights Brief: Statistics on Violence Against Native Women ( ¢ Amber Morningstar Byars is a Choctaw/ Chickasaw artist and writer from Santa Fe. Byars graduated from the Institute of American Indian Arts, where she earned a B.A. in Indigenous Liberal Studies and an A.F.A. in Studio Arts. She will begin law school at the University of Arizona in August. Christina M. Castro, Ph.D. (Jemez Pueblo/ Taos Pueblo/Chicana) received her doctorate from Arizona State University’s School of Transformation & Justice Studies. She is one of the founders of the Three Sisters Collective, an organization that works to “rematriate (rebalance) the feminine in spaces that have been predominantly male-dominated since Spanish and American colonialism arrived in the area” and to “recenter an Indigenous presence in Santa Fe through arts, education and activism rooted in community-building and creating safe spaces for Indigenous people.” Visit


HB 278: Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women. This will create a Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women task force to declare this issue an emergency. SB 453: Missing and Murdered Native American Data. This would require the Department of Public Safety to collect data on missing and murdered Native Americans in New Mexico.

Indigenous women from Tewa Women United and Three Sisters Collective led the march from the Roundhouse to Santa Fe’s plaza and testified about the crisis for Indigenous women in New Mexico communities and nationwide.

We are 10 times more likely to be murdered than the national average. GREENFIRETIMES.COM


OP-ED: Freyr A. Marie

Beyond “Sisterhood”–Showing Up For Trans, Non-Binary/Gender-Fluid/ Gender Non-Conforming Relatives Thank you, Pueblo relatives, indigenous organizers, partners and allies. I am truly privileged to be with you all. I love all of us who are here to support the women in our lives, and this includes trans women. Within this setting and as a trans, non-binary/gender-fluid/gender non-conforming person (I always have to ask myself whose language is this and on what terms), my request is: Please show up for the trans, non-binary, gender non-conforming, two-spirit and intersex people in your lives. We too are impacted by patriarchy, belittled by misogyny, violated by toxic masculinity and silenced by colonialism. We have to look at historical connections. We have been placed in a system that has relied on solidifying the constructs of race and gender on very specific terms based on shifting needs and norms of profitability and ownership in order to justify the theft and exploitation of lands and peoples. So what can you do for trans, non-binary, gender non-conforming, two-spirit and intersex people? Hire, house and create policies that help protect us and reduce harm. Especially for those who are the most targeted: black, Indigenous and migrating trans women. Support ending non-consensual intersex surgeries and end the pathologization and demonizing of intersex, trans, gender non-conforming, non-binary and two-spirit bodies under incorrect sciences that wrongly solidify binary sex and gender. Integrate language that invites us into the privilege of having a presence in your spaces and practices. Say “sibling” and “relatives” in addition to sisters and brothers. Find words for us that belong to your family, cultures and community and use them with our consent. Use our pronouns and names correctly, practice them and correct yourself when you slip up. Do your own self-education and growth. This is not just about words. It is about feeling, sensing and practicing, using your love and intuition. It is about asking questions, being courageous, practicing care and consent. Address your discomforts. These issues are also about physical and emotional safety. People impacted by these forms of oppression are in a mental health crisis in addition to a real community safety crisis because of the rate of violence and murder for trans women of color. Check the mentalities that fetishize us, erase us, paint us as immoral, tokenize us, shame our bodies and appropriate from us. Stop exploiting us and change the standard of interaction. Everyone will benefit. If you are not simultaneously supporting and learning about Indigenous visibility, lands and movements, black movements, there is deeper work still to be done. See how these systems of theft and oppression have roots tied together. We need bridges in our language and practices so we can disrupt how we have internalized this violence. We will fail. But by doing and creating we are living and imbedding value systems that better support our lives. We are creating kinship. Remember that trans people, trans women, non-binary, gender non-conforming, two-spirit and intersex people are part of your community. We are not a separate community. Simultaneously, we have had to create family and kinship because of displacement. This reality is both beautiful and challenging. Trans, non-binary, gender non-conforming, two-spirit and intersex people’s lives intersect with some of the most pressing issues: prisons, borders, housing crises, addiction, reproductive justice, street harassment, the impacts of extractive industries. These systems seek to erase us.



MARCH 2019

For example, I want harm reduction for incarcerated trans people, but I want the end game to be dismantling the gendered and racialized system that intentionally criminalizes those most impacted by oppression in order to create profit. Take trans, non-binary, gender non-conforming, two-spirit people with you, keep us in your conversations. We are so much a part of the ecology of this planet that we keep being born. We are undeniable.

Use our pronouns and names correctly, practice them and correct yourself when you slip up. I can talk and dream big, but ultimately it is the small, courageous movements we all take that count. We must address our friends, families, organizations and practices. We have to grieve. How do we practice from a spirited and alive place, with care, knowing that life is unruly? We are not logic or machines; we are real lives. Thank you for listening.¢ Freyr A. Marie (they, them, theirs) is a queer/non-binary/trans, multi-disciplinary artist and educator born and raised in north-central New Mexico.

The Women’s March began as a worldwide protest after the U.S. presidential inauguration on January 21, 2017, in response to statements made that were considered by many as anti-women. It was the largest singleday protest in U.S. history. The mission of the march is to harness the power of diverse women and their communities to create transformative social change.




This year marks the 30th anniversary of Tewa Women United (TWU). It’s a wonderful opportunity to reflect on our beginnings, to recognize our contributions to our community, and to envision the future. In 1989, a small group of women from the six northern Tewa-speaking pueblos came together to talk about their struggles with domestic violence, addiction, the breakdown of families and other challenges. As they shared their stories, the women found strength in learning that they weren’t alone.

The women began to reclaim their power to practice selfdetermination, sovereignty and independence.

Together, they fortified their courage and voices. Over time, TWU created a space for a Pueblo/Tewa women’s perspective to be forged. In the protection of circle gatherings, women began to recall stories passed down by their grandmothers that spoke of the sacredness of women, the power women possess and the vital role they play in carrying on our Pueblo/Tewa way of being. Through engagement in TWU, the women began to reclaim their power to practice self-determination, sovereignty and independence. For some, this came through decisions to leave violent relationships. For others, this meant staying in relationships but actively working on communication and boundary setting. Others decided to gain more skills through education and training, and other women created programs/projects, which drew on the strength of our families and communities. TWU came about from finding a way, together, to answer the questions, “How do we continue to share our experiences with each other and others and continue our healing?” and, “What can we do to support one another and others from our communities and families?” We were an all-volunteer organization until 2001, when we received our 501(c)3 status. TWU is the only independent Native women’s non-profit organization providing direct services, advocacy and prevention services within the original boundaries of our Tewa homelands in what is now the Pojoaque-Española Valley of northern New Mexico. Our name comes from the Tewa concept wi don gi mu, which translates to “we are one.” TWU has always been a social justice organization—that’s been in our mission statement since the very beginning. We try to reclaim our voice, our strength, our power, our traditions, our language, our practices in everything we do. We’re not just about providing direct services and Band-Aids. We strive to understand how dominance and oppression work and what the tools are that allow us to survive and transform dominance and oppression. We are a collective of all of our experiences with multiple women, men and children. Those experiences have guided our processes and directions, and that is where the power is. We are trying to get to a place where women are not just seen as body parts but as the creators of life—because every person has to go through the body of a woman to get here. We, women, have been so disregarded as far as our power and our voice. There are high rates of violence committed against women and

Tewa Women United staff Photos © Brandon Soder Photography


We view life as a cycle, knowing that what we do and give comes back.

children in all communities, not just Native communities. We questioned, “How come?” So we began to ask, “How do parents become parents? What did they learn?” This work has influenced our development and our pivot to prevention in recent years.

Our work is infused with the language, values and practices of our Tewa lifeways. The spirit of our work is embodied in the Tewa concept of wo watsi: With our breath is our commitment to live life as a prayer and view life as a cycle, knowing that what we do and give comes back. Therefore, as Tewah Towah (Tewa peoples), we should move in this world with generosity and a life-affirming reciprocity. As Tewa peoples, we are taught that it is the responsibility of each of us to protect the most vulnerable in our community. During our 30 years of herstory, that responsibility has taken diverse forms. Currently, it is expressed through these programs and projects: • Environmental Health and Justice, including the Española Healing Foods Oasis project. We recognize that the health of our ecosystems is what sustains us through generations and it is our responsibility to protect these for those yet to come. • Indigenous Women’s Health and Reproductive Justice, including our Yiya Vi Kagingdi Community Doula Project (now in its 10th year). • V.O.I.C.E.S. (Valuing Our Integrity with Courage, Empowerment and Support), our culturally based response to sexual violence. We integrate ancient healing practices that have long existed in Indigenous communities to help individuals and communities move through grief, release trauma and reclaim their spirits. • Women’s Leadership and Economic Freedom, intergenerational leadership development that includes our A’Gin Healthy Sexuality and Body Sovereignty project as well as our Saayaa’In elder women’s wisdom circle. • The Gathering for Mother Earth. This annual event, started in 1996, offers the community an opportunity to come together for eco-systemic revival and revolution. In all of our programs, we center the issues of Native women who have so long been silenced through colonization, sexual assault and the cultural stripping of the birthing process. Even so, the whole community benefits from our work. Our sexual violence and doula services are open to all in our community. Our Saayaa’In is a multicultural, multiracial circle of elders. We’ve always been a multicultural, multiracial organization. We’re really about loving, caring and taking responsibility for ourselves and others. In our Tewa language, we’re using our interpretation of Tewa values, which are uniquely applied across all our programs and communities. We warmly invite everyone to be part of this celebration of 30 years of healing and growing beloved community. Please visit our website at www.tewawomenunited. org to learn more about our work, and sign up for our email list to receive updates about what we’re planning for this special year. We look forward to sharing it with you! ¢ Dr. Corrine Sanchez of San Ildefonso Pueblo is executive director of Tewa Women United. She received her doctorate at Arizona State University in Justice Studies. Sanchez is trained in sexual assault intervention and prevention and helped refine TWU’s awareness and healing intervention, “Trauma Rocks.” She has been part of the co-creation process of building Indigenous Knowledge through TWU’s Research Methodology and Theory of Opide, a braiding of practice to action.

OP-ED: Scott Davis

Lady Justice Most of us are familiar with the image of Lady Justice, standing blindfolded with her sword and scales. She is an icon to the values of justice in our nation. Her blindfold represents impartiality, her scales weigh the balance of evidence, and her sword is the swift punishment of law. The image itself speaks all these ideas quickly and completely. I have never doubted what she was telling me. Her power has lived in Western culture for thousands of years and promises to remain with us just as long. There is plenty of evidence today showing that those scales are out of balance. When we look at the major axes of power in our nation, we see this imbalance. Power can be measured by control of resources, access to information and influence over decisions. These three axes are alive in society in the forms of institutions. Resources are measured and distributed through capitalist institutions. Information and knowledge are validated and immortalized within the halls of academia. Decisions that affect our lives are made on Capitol Hill. Each of these institutions is led by people. Today, in 2019, on #InternationalWomensDay, these three institutions remain securely in the hands of men. Of the S&P 500 CEOs, 476—95 percent—are men. Over 70 percent of university presidents are men. And despite the record-breaking election results in 2018, the United States Congress is still overwhelming male, at 77 percent in the House and 75 percent in the Senate. The money, the knowledge and the law are all controlled by men. The power of this nation is wielded by men. As we look toward #BalanceforBetter, it is easy to see that the scales need to be adjusted. There is no balance today. And it is obvious some of the changes that need to happen—more representation in business, education and government by women, trans folks and non-binary people. Not just as participants in these institutions, but within the roles of leadership. The people who are driving our society today do not equally represent the people of our society. This is not a mystery. And yet there is a mystery afoot. To be clear—it can seem mysterious to many men. We often get caught in the idea that the lack of gender equity in positions of power is due to a lack of ability, experience and skill. We point to statistics and assert that women have equal opportunity—they just aren’t using it. The tradition of male leadership has taught us that we are simply more fit for the job. Not based upon any empirical evidence, but because of how we have been taught to perform manhood.

There is another #BalanceforBetter that needs to happen. It is linked to the balance we desperately need in our structures of power. This balance is the work of men. It is not enough that we raise our children of all genders to be strong, that we teach them to assert themselves, take self-defense classes and change the oil in their cars. The strength of women, trans and non-binary folks in our society is not in question. At least it should not be. What is in question today is how we will change the nature of manhood to make space for all these people to have the equity they rightfully deserve.

How will we change the nature of manhood to make space for all these people to have the equity they rightfully deserve?

There are two plates on Lady Justice’s scale. Not only must we work on the one side to increase opportunities for women in society; we must also work on the other side to decrease the violence every man is accomplice to. This is men’s work.

We have been taught as men to distance ourselves from everything seen as “feminine.” From the youngest years of our lives we hear the messages in our families, our schools, the media and from our peers that men need to be strong, in control, in leadership, non-emotional (except angry) and always prepared for violence and sex. Men are put into a box with clear guidelines on what it means to Man Up. This man box not only creates the foundation to devalue, objectify and own women; it also keeps men trapped in a cycle of violence to ourselves when we refuse to ask for help or allow ourselves to be weak. Bell Hooks writes, “The first act of violence that patriarchy demands of males is not violence toward women. Instead, patriarchy demands of all males that they engage in acts of psychic self-mutilation, that they kill off the emotional parts of themselves.” This is the balance that we men must undertake within ourselves in the struggle for gender equity. The two places I have seen where a man is always allowed to cry are at his mother’s funeral and when losing the championship game. Other than that, we are taught to keep our feelings tightly bound. Failure to do so results in being seen as a sissy, or many other words used to demean men. Most of those words are equally used to devalue and objectify women. This crisis of manhood ensures that we go through life out of balance and only experience a portion of our humanity. The result is that we men are able to stand by and witness violence against women without saying a word. This violence takes many forms, from “locker room talk” to sexual assault, to barriers we have constructed within our institutions of power. To create #BalanceforBetter, we men need to recognize the value of our shared humanity, not just value for traditional masculine traits. We need to be actively making space for women, trans and non-binary people. But we also need to be actively making space in ourselves and our institutions for all those “feminine” qualities. Until we take up this work with the same commitment we have for maintaining male superiority, until we look within and do the hard inventory of how we can reclaim our full humanity, Lady Justice’s scales will never be balanced. I have hope for men. I believe we are up to the task. #BalanceforBetter is more than increasing representation of women in leadership. It is also for men to find courage in expressing our fullness as human beings, capable of great strength and great vulnerability. ¢ Scott Davis has worked as a project manager rehabilitating Native housing in Río Arriba and Santa Fe counties of New Mexico since 2007. Through close relationships at Tewa Women United, he has been educated in men’s and boys’ roles in ending violence against women and girls. As a resource trainer for A Call to Men, Davis continues to push himself and others into the uncomfortable conversations critical to realizing social change.



OP-ED: Alena Schaim


Early Origins of Male Violence By a very significant margin, most violence is committed by males. Starting in preschool and elementary school, boys in the United States are more likely to be disciplined and suspended for conduct problems. By adolescence, their juvenile arrest rate for violent crime is four times greater than for girls. Statistics on imprisonment in state and federal penitentiaries for murder, rape, robbery and assault show that the male incarcerated population is about 20 times that of females. Does research document an association between a male with antisocial behaviors such as violence later in life and the origins of psychopathology and behavior problems early in life? Are boys more vulnerable—more at risk—to the interplay between evolutionary processes and experiential influences on gene expression that begins prenatally and progresses during infancy and early childhood? The Santa Fe Boys Educational Foundation For more than a decade, the Santa Fe Boys Educational Foundation has published a newsletter, organized conferences and supported projects directed at helping boys at risk. The foundation’s research has shown that young males in New Mexico are subject to the same tendencies seen elsewhere regarding the relationship of boys’ declining educational performance and increasing vulnerabilities in the areas of mental health and juvenile justice. From May 1-3 at the Santa Fe Community Convention Center, the foundation will present the Boys at Risk Conference to examine these questions and many others concerning the Early Origins of Male Violence. Some of the notable presenters include University of Pennsylvania professor Adrian Raine, author of The Anatomy of Violence; University of Colorado professor David Olds, founder of the nonprofit Nurse-Family Partnership; and University of Montreal professor and winner of the Stockholm Prize in Criminology, Richard Tremblay. Workshops will be offered on subjects such as the connection between early childhood education and crime, strategies for supporting fathers to support children, changing boys’ violent trajectories, childcare-based preventative intervention and middle-school mentorship intervention. Registration for the conference is $350 through April 30 and $400 at the event. Single-day registration is $135. A limited number of scholarships are available.


Balance for Better Women these days receive a lot of advice about how to improve their lives. Ask for a raise at work! Stop apologizing for everything! Shake off that imposter syndrome! The message to girls and women is to be unapologetically strong and to push back against limits and norms. The undercurrent of these messages can oftentimes feel like a personal critique of women themselves. As executive director of an organization that teaches empowerment self-defense classes, predominantly Resolve’s instructors model shared leadership by co-teaching. to women and girls, I absolutely believe that it is important for those marginalized to learn to own their voices. I believe the world will be a better place when women and others who are oftentimes unheard feel confident and use their voices to advocate for themselves and others—and not just when they need to defend themselves against violence. Learning to face conflicts unflinchingly, head-on is valuable in moments of extreme stress as well as in everyday life. Youth that are able to handle conflicts appropriately are more prepared to succeed in their education, work and personal relationships. Girls who learn skills to advocate for themselves become women who pursue positions of leadership, ask for raises and make the world a better place. And yet we know that giving individual girls tools to advocate for themselves is not enough. Time and time again we see women hit glass ceilings. Sometimes it’s because they are not seen as leadership material. Sometimes it’s because their jobs weren’t designed with working mothers in mind. Sometimes the amount of sexual harassment or microaggression they experience at their job becomes unbearable. But it’s almost always something out of an individual woman’s control—something structural. And it’s structural sexism and oppression we must address in order to create opportunities for all women to succeed. This is why it’s critical that young people learn anti-oppression concepts early, so they not only advocate for themselves but can also listen to and follow others. Then, when they learn why some identities are more targeted for violence than others, or why some people are punished unfairly for defending themselves, they can not just focus on how to intervene but can also consider how to support others’ voices so that they’re more valued.

We must address structural sexism and oppression in order to create opportunities for all women to succeed.

We need to talk about these things with youth of all genders— not just girls. Men must understand sexism and systems of oppression to be active partners in dismantling those systems and creating equitable spaces. Otherwise, we end up with men who believe in equality and inclusion in theory but leave the structural barriers that cause inequality intact. Men, particularly white men, walk through the world with a lot of privilege. And many of them want to use it for good! Learning how sexism, racism and other types of oppression function in our society is an important early step in becoming an effective ally.

While our organization’s main goal is to prevent and reduce violence, we know that greater equity is always the greater goal. Reduced violence is only one sign of the better world that we all hope for. In order to see the balance and systemic change we seek, we need men as allies to institute a family leave policy at their company, or to mentor as many women as men. When someone interrupts a woman of color at a meeting, we need men who respectfully redirect the conversation so that she is heard. Our families need men who are proud of their work raising children; men who prioritize housework and child-rearing. As we continue our work to assist women in becoming future leaders, we also need men who will make space for women and others to lead. Youth of all genders have a strong sense of justice. It’s up to the adults in their communities to give them the tools and the framework needed to institute real change.¢ Alena Schaim (she, her, hers) is the executive director and an instructor with Resolve (formerly IMPACT), a local nonprofit that teaches violence prevention. 505.992.8833,

OP-ED: Carli Romero, Sarah Ghiorse, Fatima van Hattum

Choosing Love, Choosing Justice NewMexicoWomen.Org (NMW.O), a statewide program and fund for self-identifying women and girls, is committed to gender justice and healing in New Mexico. Like many women’s funds around the world, part of the strategy is to serve as a bridge between communities with different histories, cultures and varying levels of access to privilege. At the crux of NMW.O’s work is an intersectional feminist lens that is accompanied by a commitment to building a collective future, rooted in an ethic of love and liberation.

Partners from around the state at a 2018 Grassroots Institute for Fundraising Training co-organized by NewMexicoWomen.Org, New Mexico Health Equity Partnership and Chainbreaker Collective, Photo © Seth Roffman

willingness to improve upon their wisdom. With a commitment to building beloved community, we must constantly question whether we are being vigilant enough in our walk, talk and choices to be inclusive of all.4 This means calling attention to the ways in which people and communities most impacted by systems of oppression have been made to feel unwelcome, unseen, or as if they don’t belong. A critical frame and analysis can feel accusatory for some, while feeling heavy or burdensome for others. However, we know that the past and present violence of racism, colonization and patriarchy is heavier and more burdensome than any form of rhetorical critique.

Our identities overlap and inform how privilege and oppression shape our lived experiences.

As we have been raised in a society that is racist and sexist, a deep diligence is required of all of us, a quiet Intersectionality was first defined by Kimberle Crenshaw in 1989 and watching internal awareness that is constantly asking as: “The view that women experience oppression in varying configurations and whether we are perpetuating the biases and boxes we were in varying degrees of intensity. Cultural patterns of oppression are not only raised with, or disrupting them. Love enters the gender interrelated, but are bound together and influenced by the intersectional systems justice equation within that disruption. As Bell Hooks deof society. Examples of this include race, gender, class, ability and ethnicity.” 1 Intersectional feminism, then, accounts for the various ways in scribed: “We have witnessed the way in which movements for justice which our identities overlap and inform how privilege and oppresthat denounce dominator culture, yet have an underlying commitment sion shape our lived experiences. Feminist author Audre Lorde to corrupt uses of power, do not really create fundamental changes in our societal structure. When radical activists said this in her own way: “No struggle is a single issue struggle, because we have not made a core break with dominator thinking (imperialist, white supremacist, capitalist patriarchy), there is no don’t live single issue lives.”2 union of theory and practice, and real change is not sustained. That’s why cultivating the mind of love is so crucial. When love is the ground of our being, a love ethic shapes our participation in politics.”5 In 1982 Lorde shared To operationalize this love ethic, we must examine where we each “naturally” occupy space that oththese words at a Harers do not, due to a certain privilege, be it gender, race, class, ability, language, or immigration status. vard commemoration We then must reposition ourselves to take up less room and make more room for those who have for Malcolm X, where been most impacted by systems of oppression. Ultimately, to navigate and seek to change a society she also spoke about predicated on domination, without internalizing and perpetuating practices of domination, requires learning from her a deep practice and ethic of love. Rooted in that practice, NMW.O, aspires to approach feminism ancestors in the civil and the feminist movement as ongoing learners engaged in an intersectional labor of love towards rights movement. She reflected on a civil rights movement that liberation. did not always recognize her as a lesbian, noting that “We are not 3 perfect, but we are stronger than the sum of our errors.” It was Bell Hooks writes: “The moment we choose love, we essential for Lorde to critique the very movement that informed begin to move against domination, against oppression. The and advanced her own freedom, in order to evolve and grow the moment we choose to love we begin to move towards freedom, movement into one that included her whole self: A black, lesbian, to act in ways that liberate ourselves and others.” 6 As we mother and poet. NMW.O looks to Lorde as it seeks to embody a pivot from Black History Month towards Womfeminism that is both deeply critical and stronger than the sum of en’s History Month, we do so with a commitment to choose love, to honor the intersecting facets its errors. that make up our whole selves, and to continue to invite our communities to join us on this journey toward an inclusive feminism.¢ In our work to advance gender justice, NMW.O staff asks ourselves and our community members for the humility and clarity Carli Romero, Sarah Ghiorse and Fatima van Hattum are with to honor the achievements of our feminist foremothers, and the

NMW.O seeks to embody a feminism that is both deeply critical and stronger than the sum of its errors.

Are we perpetuating the biases and boxes we were raised with, or disrupting them?

1 Crenshaw, K. (1989). "Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics, "University of Chicago Legal Forum: Vol. 1989: Iss. 1, Article 8. Available at: 2 Lorde, A. (1984). Sister outsider: Essays and speeches. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press. 3 Lorde, A. (1984). Sister outsider: Essays and speeches. Trumansburg, NY: Crossing Press.

4 According to the King Center, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s idea of Beloved Community is a “global vision in which all people can share in the wealth of the earth. In the Beloved Community, poverty, hunger and homelessness will not be tolerated because international standards of human decency will not allow it. Racism and all forms of discrimination, bigotry and prejudice will be replaced by an all-inclusive spirit of sisterhood and brotherhood.” 5 Hooks, b. (2006). “Toward a Worldwide Culture of Love”, Shambhala Sun. 6 Hooks, b. (1994). “Outlaw Culture: Resisting Representations”, p.298, Routledge.



When Women Lead, Communities Win BY ASHLEY SANDERSON

Recently, I watched New Mexico State Rep. Micaela Lara Cadena give a powerful testimony on the House floor about her experience with domestic violence and the PTSD she has experienced ever since. I watched other state representatives on the floor cry as they listened to the heartbreaking details of her experience—one that, unfortunately, so many of us can relate to. As I write this, it’s at the forefront of my mind that women like Lara Cadena are working tirelessly and courageously on issues that have directly affected both their own lives as well as the lives of their constituents. The work that elected women do every day is improving the lives of the women and families in our communities, our state and our country. For example, up until 2009, many states considered domestic violence a pre-existing condition. This meant that health insurance companies could deny insurance to any woman or man who had been the victim of domestic violence. It was the women in Congress who fought to remove domestic violence as a pre-existing medical condition, giving survivors a better chance of securing insurance coverage.

The work that elected women do every day is improving the lives of the women and families in our communities.

It was the women in Congress who also fought to get maternity care covered by insurance companies. Being pregnant was considered a pre-existing condition. It was only after women like Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) fought for maternity care coverage that it became a requirement, under the Affordable Care Act, that insurance companies cover maternity care. During one of the ACA Congressional hearings, Stabenow was challenged about the need to cover maternity care by Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.), who said, “I don’t need maternity care,” to which Stabenow replied, “Your mom probably did.”

“The most dramatic change I’ve seen in 23 years as a state representative is the increase in the number of women serving. We now have greater ethnic diversity, women from all generations, cultural backgrounds, educational levels and life experiences. It is a rich tapestry of talent. I value the spirit of collaboration and problem-solving our new colleagues bring to our process. I expect business-as-usual will be transformed.” Emerge New Mexico, the training program that I lead for Democratic women who are interested in running for office, received so many applications in 2018 that we had to double our program. We saw the same trend this year and will once again need to double our program to meet the demand. There were 42 Emerge New Mexico graduates on the general election ballot last year, from county commission to Congress. Of those Emerge-trained candidates, 37 won. And among those 37 were some historic wins. Deb Haaland, who went through the program in 2007, is one of the first Native American women in Congress, Xochitl Torres Small, an Emerge boot camp participant, is the first woman to represent New Mexico Congressional Dis-


Last month, New Mexico’s 39 female legislators elected bipartisan, bicameral leadership for the state’s first Women’s Caucus. They hope to amplify the impact of the historic numbers of elected women. In November, 31 women were elected to the 70-seat state House. Among Democrats in the House, women now outnumber men. The Senate’s eight women are outnumbered by men more than 4–1. About 64 percent of the Cabinet secretaries that Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham has appointed are women. Democratic state House Rep. Andrea Romero of Santa Fe was elected as the Women’s Caucus’ parliamentarian. The caucus’s co-chairwomen are Sen. Antoinette Sedillo López, D-Albuquerque, and Rep. Kelly Fajardo, R-Belen. “The solutions that impact women, families and children are bipartisan solutions,” Sedillo Lopez said in a news release. We want to model a Legislature that works together and gets things done. Women can be very effective because we tend to collaborate and compromise.”

Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American woman in Congress, spent years fighting to extend the minimum wage to domestic workers (who were primarily women). Speaking on the House floor, she explained, “My own mother was a domestic, so I speak from personal experience when I tell you of the heavy burden household workers carry and the unfair wage they have received.” When New Mexico’s governor, Michelle Lujan Grisham, was serving in Congress, she worked tirelessly, starting in 2013, on her signature Care Corps grants program, which finally passed at the end of 2018. Gov. Lujan Grisham, who, growing up, saw her parents struggle as her sister’s caregivers and currently serves as a caregiver for her mother, has a lifelong passion for fighting for seniors and those living with disabilities. The Care Corps grants program places volunteers in communities to provide non-medical services to seniors and individuals with disabilities so that they can continue to live independently in their homes and communities. The majority of caregivers in this country are women. According to N.M. Rep. Gail Chasey, who has been serving in the New Mexico State Legislature since 1997,


Members of the New Mexico Legislature’s bipartisan Women’s Caucus © Seth Roffman

trict 2, and Stephanie Garcia Richard, a 2008 graduate, is the first woman to serve as state land commissioner. Seventeen Emerge New Mexico women now serve in the Legislature. Women, for the first time in the state’s history, now hold the majority of seats on the Court of Appeals. Five of the judges on the Court of Appeals are Emerge graduates. Overall, more than 70 Emerge women hold office in New Mexico this year. And 50 percent of our wins were women of color, moving us closer to true representation of the state’s population. We are thrilled to be changing the face of politics in New Mexico. But our work is far from over. I expect that we will continue to see an increase in women running for office. Win or lose, women are changing the face of politics in New Mexico and this country. When women see other women running for office, it normalizes the idea of women serving in leadership roles and inspires more women to seek office or leadership positions within their community and/or workplace. Even after all of the successes of the last election, we still have a lot of work to get to a point where we have a reflective democracy. Women make up 51 percent of the population, yet still only hold about 25 percent of elected positions throughout the country. Despite the popular narrative of a “pink wave,” we know this to be true—this is not a wave, it’s a movement. And as these examples show, it’s a movement that benefits us all. Please encourage the women in your life to run for office or seek leadership positions. Our state and country need their voices. If you are interested in running for office and need guidance, please reach out to Emerge New Mexico. ¢

Ashley Sanderson is executive director of Emerge New Mexico.

El Valle Women’s Rural Health Collective BY MONICA LARREA DE ARELLANO

El Valle Women’s Collaborative (EVWC) began in 2012 with the vision that we could enhance the lives of families in the Pecos River Valley through projects that support economic development, health and wellness. In 2018, EVWC set out to broaden our reach and brought local providers to the table with the goal of providing wraparound services for women and their families in the form of a provider collective. This model could have the potential to provide much needed services in rural San Miguel County as well as alleviate burdens faced by providers who choose to live there.

Northern New Mexico is a designated provider shortage area. Currently, northern New Mexico is a designated provider shortage area. Although, there are many providers within the state, disproportionately they provide care in larger more urban areas such as Bernalillo and Albuquerque. It was not very long ago that Alta Vista Regional hospital closed its obstetrics department, leaving the women of San Miguel, Mora and Guadalupe counties to seek alternative options for prenatal and birth services. They reopened the OB wing last year but will on occasion divert clients in labor to other hospitals an hour or more away. Given the abruptness with which the hospital administration handled the closure, many community members remain uncertain as to the future of the OB department.

ture. Referrals from partner agencies and from within the health collective has demonstrated the community’s need in accessing care. It is unclear right now what the future will bring for our rural health collective. We have faced numerous challenges since our inception. The greatest challenge has been finding a space to house our services. We sought support from a local economic development organization, only to end up in court as a result of what we felt were unethical practices on the part of its executive director. Our most recent effort to obtain a space required a zoning change application that was approved by the City of Las Vegas. A neighbor recently submitted an appeal that could take months to resolve in court. In the meantime, rental rates for commercial properties in the area are out of reach and without a space to serve clients, all three of us have to split our time working in larger markets such as Santa Fe and Albuquerque. What is clear is that this is an authentic journey to changing systems and finding solutions. We, as a collective, are committed to serving families locally as much as possible, and in order to do so, longer-term planning and funding will be necessary. We can’t say when or if the vision of living and working rurally will happen or how providers such as us will fill the gaps of shortages within our most vulnerable communities. However, it takes projects like ours to help others see the possibilities. If you would like to invest in our efforts or learn more about the El Valle Women’s Rural Health Collective, contact me at 505.204.1359 or¢ Monica Larrea de Arellano, a certified professional midwife, has served women and families for nearly 20 years in various capacities. She also farms and raises animals in the Pecos River Valley.

Additionally, many mental health providers in the same tri-county area work for the state hospital, leaving only a handful to serve clients that do not require that intensity of care. As a result of these rural realities, Norma Navarro, acupuncturist and doula; Yvonne Sandoval, licensed clinical social worker; and I, Monica Larrea de Arellano, licensed midwife, knew that providing wraparound care for women and their families was essential. The project began delivering much needed services almost immediately. The three of us meet clients in their homes and sometimes, out of necessity, in public spaces such as coffee shops and libraries. Many times, clients enter care through a partner agency referral such as from First Born of Northern New Mexico. Here is one example of how wraparound services occur: A new mom would like lactation support so I will do a homebased visit. Although the visit had a lactation focus, further inquiry reveals physical or mental health concerns. I then may refer the client to Yvonne for evaluation of postpartum depression and/or to Norma for acupuncGREENFIRETIMES.COM


OP-ED: Alejandro Lopez


A Crisis in the Delivery of Home Health Care After having spent decades providing home health care services to people unable to care for themselves in Santa Fe and northern New Mexico, nurse Glenys Carl has noted a sharp

More often than not I find my office enveloped in laughter as our guests discuss their weekly trials and tribulations. I am continuously astounded by the resiliency and perseverance of women experiencing homelessness. Our guests show up here for a variety of reasons—loss of a job, struggles with substance abuse disorder or issues between themselves and their significant other. Although it takes incredible strength to walk through our doors, it is only the beginning of an uphill battle. For women who have lost their jobs, it’s a challenge to regain their confidence and begin again. For those struggling with substance abuse, maintaining sobriety while attempting to obtain work is an all-consuming chore.

Respite homes gives family members a respite from their caretaking duties.

We see many women who have struggled with homelessness for years, and an equal number who are entering a shelter for the very first time. Each day I interact with women who have a history of domestic violence or struggle with mental illnesses. I work with women far more educated than myself, as well as those who only have a seventh-grade education.

The Need for Neighborhood-Based Respite Homes

increase in the number of people who fall into Glenys Carl this category. Due to a convergence of factors in© Alejandro López cluding a dramatically growing elderly population, more small and single-person families, increased mobility and the need to work longer before retirement, many family members are unable or barely able to care for elderly parents, spouses or children suffering from chronic diseases. Because round-the-clock home-health care is very expensive and many insurance and medical plans do not cover such a service, much of the feeble and elderly population ends up in county nursing home facilities that are noisy, overcrowded and highly impersonal. Many die with their primary desire—to return to their homes—unfulfilled. Others are left to fend for themselves with the most minimal amount of support. It is not uncommon for people to be released to their empty homes a day or two after hip surgery, only to fall and break a hip for a second time shortly afterwards. There are other cases where a single family member attempts to care for an elderly or infirm relative at home without further assistance. Some juggle this service while holding down a demanding job, family and household responsibilities. It is not uncommon—particularly when caregiving must go on for many months or even years at a time—for the caretaker to reach a breaking point and fall ill him- or herself. With the number of elderly projected to rise sharply in the coming years, the crisis of inadequate care of the elderly, poor, infirm and dying will only worsen. An immediate concerted effort is required to fund in-home health care programs in which nurses and volunteers are professionally trained to go into people’s homes to help supplement the care that family members are already providing to their loved ones.

For most of the women that I see, there have been any number of nights when they did not know where they would sleep, where they would take their children or how they would feed themselves. The trauma that they have experienced is often masked by anger or frustration, as they face job denials, failed relationships and everyday temptations that threaten their attempt to remain sober. There is no direct route to pulling oneself out of homelessness. Often, a transformation happens quickly; in other instances, it takes much longer. It becomes quite apparent when a woman steps into her confidence. I see incredible transformations and also work with clients through astonishing setbacks. Through all of this—identifying support and recognizing for the first time that their voice is not only being heard, but is powerful—is when the real magic happens. In the midst of all these battles, it is truly astounding to see the comradery built in this home. The women I work with support and uplift one another every step of the way. Learning to celebrate successes small and large cultivates an environment of strong, empowered women. ¢ Annie Riddle is case manager at Casa Familia Urgent Transition Center at St. Elizabeth Shelters in Santa Fe, New Mexico. 505.983.2042


Individuals and groups with financial resources can also contribute to the creation of neighborhood respite houses. Such houses are being designed as quiet, comfortable and lovely spaces where fully trained professional staff care for a few seriously infirm individuals. This gives family members a respite from their caretaking duties for as long as a month.


Glenys Carl, 2017 recipient of Ten who Made a Difference recognition by the Santa Fe New Mexican, is actively organizing the creation of a modest hospice house in Santa Fe with one bed for respite. It will be called Scott’s House in commemoration of Carl’s son, who required nearly four years of round-theclock care before his passing.


The facility is due to open later this year. For more information, contact Glenys Carl at 505.982.6779. ¢




For details, please email résumé to:


Eighteen-twenty-one would eventually prove to be a pivotal year for women in Santa Fe history. That was the year that the Mexican government declared independence from Spain. The battle for Mexican independence was a monumental struggle in which 600,000 lives were lost. However, at first the people of Santa Fe were far removed from the upheaval, since being that the war was fought entirely in today’s México. Being over a thousand miles away from the center of the independence movement, the people of Santa Fe did not even hear of the change to a Mexican government until several months later when mail arrived, informing the local governor that he must take an oath of allegiance to the new government. Other than that, at first nothing much changed for the relatively isolated Spanish colony that now was part of México.

Before the arrival of U.S. traders, Santa Feans were mainly self-reliant.

The fledgling Mexican government was in constant turmoil during its early years. It had little time or resources to deal with its distant Santa Fe region. The Mexican presidency changed 27 times between 1821 and 1837. This isolation also extended to the Catholic Church and put many women in the Santa Fe territory in an awkward position regarding their rights. Because priests were rare, many traditional religious rites were neglected. This included church-sanctioned marriages, and as a result, many couples lived together without formal marriages. This left women without the recognition and standing that provided protections under a church-sponsored ceremony. A second major change directly affecting women that occurred during the Mexican period was the abolishment of the casta system. This was an imposed structure in which society was stratified by a system of ethnic categorization and social status was determined by ethnic ancestry. The old hierarchy was discouraged after the Mexican Revolution, as everyone was to be referred to as a “Mexicano” and held the title of “don” or “doña.” The Mexican Constitution, modeled after the U.S. Constitution, also gave formal citizenship to both Indians and African descendants in the region. Another significant change that eventually had a far-reaching impact on Santa Fe was the new openness of the Mexican government to allow trade with the United States. The Santa Fe Trail between Santa Fe and Independence, Missouri, was established in 1821. Santa Fe became become a trading hub when the Santa Fe Trail connected to the Chihuahua Trial (Camino Real) and the Old Spanish Trail.

Traditional northern New Mexico songs and dances were performed at El Rancho de las Golondrinas Harvest Festival. La Cienega, October 2018, © Seth Roffman

Santa Fe women reveled in their newfound freedoms.

Before the arrival of U.S. traders, Santa Feans were mainly self-reliant. However, American-made goods soon had an irreversible impact on Santa Fe lifestyles. Trade on the Santa Fe Trail transformed the material desires of the residents of Santa Fe. The goods that came to Santa Fe via the Santa Fe Trail were valuable resources for Santa Feans who traded with their neighbors to the south in present-day Chihuahua and Durango. American goods were coveted as valuable trading commodities. Historian Janet LeCompte wrote, “A profusion of American mirrors appeared on the previously bare whitewashed walls. For special occasions, women put aside their peasant blouses and skirts to appear at balls in tight-waisted American gowns.” Santa Fe women also reveled in their newfound freedoms. LeCompte wrote, “In an era when most wives of the world were mere chattels of their husbands, married women of Santa Fe kept their own wages and their maiden names. Their legal rights were such that they could even sue their husbands.” Perhaps the most well-known woman in Santa Fe during this time was Gertrudes Barcelo, more widely known as “La Tules” (“Tules” was an affectionate nickname analogous to “Trudy” with “La” signifying a popular celebrity). She was the principal operator of a bar and gambling casino located in the part of Santa Fe now known as Burro Alley. In addition to her business savvy, she was also an expert card dealer. She was known far and wide as being fashionable, intelligent and charming. She ran her establishment during the 1830s and 1840s and was so financially successful that after the U.S. occupation, she loaned money to the U.S. Army to help meet its payroll. Although changes did not occur overnight, the shift from Spanish rule to Mexican citizenship eventually led to a more liberated life for many Santa Fe women.¢ Andrew Lovato is Santa Fe city historian and associate professor at Santa Fe Community College. He is author of several books about Santa Fe history and culture.



SPRING DIALOGUE SERIES 2019 New Light on Santa Fe’s San Miguel Chapel And the 50th Anniversary of El Barrio de Analco National Historic District

“Full Moon Over San Miguel Chapel” Photo © Thomas Dodge

Two historians, a folklorist, a conservator and the executive director of an award-winning non-profit will explore lesser-known facets of El Barrio de Analco and its centerpiece, San Miguel Chapel— the oldest church in New Mexico.

The barrio’s origins coincide with the official founding of Santa Fe in 1610. The area initially housed Mesoamerican indios amigos who accompanied the Españoles-Mexicanos from north-central New Spain. During the 1700s, genízaros and other ethnically blended individuals were expected to reside in Analco but by the early 1800s, numerous leading citizens lived there. In the late 1800s, the chapel and surrounding acreage became part of St. Michael’s College, operated by a French teaching order. Boarding students lived in what is now the Lamy Building. National Historic District status, granted in 1968, failed to acknowledge this multicultural heritage. This year, the 50th anniversary, is an ideal occasion to probe previously unexplored aspects—social relations, building technologies, devotional art and ornamentation—drawing upon the rich body of expertise developed over the intervening half-century. HILARIO ROMERO, historian, educator, community activist Two Settlements with a River Between: Interactions between Barrio de Analco and Santa Fe across the Centuries


ENRIQUE LAMADRID, distinguished professor of Spanish, UNM From Indios Mexicanos to Genízaros in El Barrio de Analco: Allies in the Defense and Agricultural Development of New Mexico


LINDA TIGGES, historian, New Mexico Historic Preservation Division San Miguel Chapel’s 1710 Rebuilding: Furnishings for the Church, Wages for the Workers–Chinese Silk, French Linen, Buffalo Hides and Local Produce


MARK MACKENZIE, chief conservator, Museum of New Mexico When High-Tech Meets Hide Paintings: My Years in the Multispectral Imaging Laboratory with Segesser I and Segesser II


JAKE BARROW, director, Cornerstones Community Partnerships A Solar Option for San Miguel Chapel–Next Step in a 15-Year Partnership?


Saturdays, 4–5:15 p.m., San Miguel Chapel, 401 Old Santa Fe Trail Suggested donation: $10; No charge for students with ID Additional information: 505.570.7735 or



The Divine Feminine is here in New Mexico in many forms. Her presence can be glimpsed in our cathedral, in humble village churches and roadside shrines as Guadalupe—Mother of the Americas. Corn Mother is an embodiment of the Pueblo and Apache Divine Feminine. The large Tibetan population and followers of Tibetan Buddhism in Santa Fe pay homage to Green Tara in stupas and by hanging her image on prayer flags. Kuan Yin, the Buddhist goddess of compassion, graces many establishments and homes. On Friday evenings Shekhina is invoked in Jewish homes and synagogues. These are just a few of the many goddesses worshiped in our multicultural state.

I have found comfort, assistance and inspiration from the Divine Mother.

I have found comfort, assistance and inspiration from the Divine Mother throughout my life. Several years ago, my 17-year-old son took off on a three-month solo sojourn through southern Africa. Unable to contact him, I was terribly anxious. In the Santuario de Guadalupe, I asked Guadalupe to watch over him and bring him home safely. In putting my trust in her, I was able to relax. She heard my prayers, reuniting us. I also believe the African Great Mother Yemaya watched over him. I spent a number of years on the Zuni Reservation with my ex-husband, who was a family doctor there. His tradition as a Jew was to celebrate Shabbat. We would invoke the presence of Shekhina at our Friday night dinners. I was invited to attend a Zuni women’s corn-grinding ceremony. For hours we sang and chanted. Taking turns grinding the hard blue corn, my shyness and feeling of otherness fell away and I became a daughter of the Corn Mother. A visiting Lama gave a Green Tara initiation at the stupa in the Zuni Mountains. He blessed an icon of Green Tara that I wear around my neck. Many a time I have chanted to her to come to my aid when I have been afraid or in danger. I believe she saved the lives of my family when our car hit a deer and flipped over. The Divine Feminine is here to help and guide us at this auspicious time, as women reclaim their power and shift the social and political paradigm. I recently created an oracle deck of 33 goddesses from around the world. My process was to call in the particular goddess as I painted and wrote. I felt her presence guiding me, and was both awed and humbled. The watercolors consist of many layers, giving a saturated luminous quality, a technique I learned at a sacred painting intensive in Haridwar, India, where I painted Saraswati and other deities. This deck serves as a point of focus on what we can do individually on our own path of self-discovery, which in turn will ripple outward bringing alignment, nurturance, love, creativity and magic. Invoking the Goddess – Oracle and Action will be published at the end of March. ¢

Lisa de St. Croix uses metaphor and symbols to depict the journey of the soul through her luminous oil and watercolor paintings.


la dama del norte her impulses meaning something or nothing at all her penchant for dirt roads going slow over montaña amor talking santos with santeras y colcheras the faith in arte painting her santa Librada corazón her lessons of doing right after acknowledging wrong weighing storms before falling love comes down to the ground to get out of the rain boom boom boom thunder beckons the strong arm of tenderness

gentle hand embrace to feel one more essence in someone else the connection never lost when found wandering different paths on parallel planes stepping off hot rocks and life experiences the intention in never wanting what could not be given freely la dama del norte stepping up firmly on brown earth the many gardens she traveled in visions seeking soft grass havens her luz en maize beauty blending her heart and soul into the arms of another lover remembering like water for chocolate recipes en chili rojo y homemade tortillas stepping up game in cuatro leches cake sweet inclinations cooking en la concina de la dama how good she could feel when really being held waiting on one more word to ponder summer monsoon rain beats

stirring abuelitas from above slumber taking notice of their granddaughters’ life mission to do them right in this ever after she carried in her heart rubbing to keep alive any dna memory of tierra madre deliberate in relating adobe serenade sweethearts holding hands in fiesta dances grace intertwined fingers of knowers breathing breeze and song reaching around waists of familiarity barely touching palms coasting in air boleros y love songs a soundtrack she swayed while baking her smiles left inside she prayed to the surface to be found one more time in this relieved lifetime.¢

Tara Evonne Trudell is a multimedia artist. She weaves poetry, photography, film and audio into creative visions that advocate for the Earth and address social issues.

Daikini (acrylic on Masonite) by Lavanya Dawn GREENFIRETIMES.COM


Thread (acrylic on canvas) by Lavanya Dawn


they never wanted to leave the rancho nunca querían dejar el rancho young couple their little daughter woman with the long black hair lived her whole life on the farm cuidando los animales swimming in the slow pull of the wide river on the rancho donde tenían generaciones enterados en la tierra they trace their ancestry the way geologists do layers of ash and bone tangled in cottonwood roots hueso y ceniza enredados en las raizes de los algodones inextricables inextricable ser humano significa ser de la tierra to be human is to be of the earth el río carga la memoria los árboles cargan la memoria las piedras son nuestros ancestros to be human is to be of the earth they left walking through the night, hot breath in crisp air it's a true story one day she came to pick up her daughter from the little preschool where she herself had gone and found huddled parents crying and screaming staring wide eyed masked men had been to the school

and stolen some handfuls of little ones she smells the fear as its fingers grasp her gut and spine but inside she finds her child playing with blocks she smiles when she sees her mother they left that same night Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua her city named for the aztec warrior murdered at the hands of cortez murdered at the hands of the colonizer she leaves for the land of the colonized to gringolandia so her child can be safe el río carga la memoria los árboles cargan la memoria as piedras son nuestros ancestros to be human is to be of the earth ya que llegan al norte they are living with family sleeping under the kitchen table in a home shared by many trying to make it work in a place they never wanted to be so her child can be safe one day she sits in the waiting area of an agency to get food and things for the family in the room next to where she sits the staff of a nearby preschool is having an active shooter training she doesn’t understand the English words she overhears from the presentation about duck and cover and escape routes how the teachers are taught to shield their students bodies with their own the different dangers of gringolandia she sits and thinks how she is grateful for this


moment of sanctuary and that it won't be long now before the imaginary line of the border dissolves before the waters and the tumbleweeds the animales and the people can flow freely again el río carga la memoria los árboles cargan la memoria las piedras son nuestros ancestros to be human is to be of the earth ¢

Isabel Ribe, a bilingual therapist, artist and poet, lives in Pojoaque, NM. She was raised in Washington D.C. to parents of Colombian and New Mexican heritage.

Santa Fe-born Lavanya Dawn’s surreal yet enchanting imagery is inspired by energy, mood and engrained experience. Her figures maintain a distinct feminine energy as they intertwine with natural elements. Instagram as lavadawn,


The book list below is representative of the authors’ works but is not comprehensive. It is meant to whet your readerly palette. Though not all of these authors can necessarily be described as “feminist,” I would offer these texts to a feminist readership to begin a conversation about women’s literature in New Mexico. Some espouse clear, contemporary visions of feminism, while others incite a feminist critique. Either way, they are doing the job of literature—to get our imaginations working. This list also concentrates on underrepresented writers, which is why I have chosen to include some self-published, out-of-print work and lesser known titles of the more popular writers. Happy reading! – Patricia Trujillo, Ph.D., associate professor of English and Chicana/o Studies, Northern New Mexico College HISTORIC WRITERS

• FABIOLA CABEZA DE BACA GILBERT o The Good Life: New Mexico Traditions and Food o We Fed Them Cactus • NINA OTERO WARREN o Old Spain in Our Southwest Facsimile of the Original 1936 Edition o Cleofas Jaramillo o Romance of a Little Village Girl o Shadows of the Past/Sombras del pasado FICTION

• DENISE CHÁVEZ o A Taco Testimony: Meditations on Family, Food and Culture o The King and Queen of Comezón • ERLINDA GONZÁLEZ BERRY o Paletitas de Guayaba: On a Train Called Absence o Rosebud, Population 7 • EVELINA ZUNI LUCERO o Night Sky, Morning Star • LORRAINE LÓPEZ o The Gifted Gabaldón Sisters

• KRISTEN VALDEZ QUADE o Night at the Fiestas • IRENE BLEA o Daughters of the West Mesa • LESLIE MARMON SILKO o Almanac of the Dead o Gardens in the Dunes • CARMEN BACA o El Hermano • LUCI TAPAHANSO o A Radiant Curves: Poems and Stories o Blue Horses Rush In: Poems and Stories CHILDREN’S LITERATURE

• ANNA M. NOGAR o Sisters in Blue/Hermanas de azul: Sor María de Ágreda Comes to New Mexico/ Sor María de Ágreda viene a Nuevo México • ANA BACA o Tía's Tamales • JAN ROMERO STEVENS o Carlos and the Squash Plant o Carlos and the Cornfield o Carlos and the Skunk • PAT MORA o Bookjoy, Wordjoy o Gracias/Thanks o The Remembering Day/El día de los muertos o Encantado: Desert Monologues MEMOIR

• LESLIE MARMON SILKO o The Turquoise Ledge: A Memoir • ANITA RODRÍGUEZ o Coyota in the Kitchen: A Memoir of New and Old Mexico • GLORIA ZAMORA o Sweet Nata: Growing Up in Rural New Mexico by Gloria Zamora • JOANNA VIDAURRE TRUJILLO o Papas y Frijoles: Cuentitos y poemas para honrar a mi cultura



© Seth Roffman

HAVE SEEDS, WILL TRAVEL Elizabeth Hoover on seed sovereignty and indigenizing the local food movement BY MEREDITH DAVIDSON

In 2017, anthropologist Elizabeth Hoover (Mohawk/Mi'kmaq), published her first book, The River is in Us: Fighting Toxics in a Mohawk Community. While conducting research, she developed a relationship with the Akwesasne Mohawk community in upstate New York, and in 2007 started working with local organization known as Kanenhi:io Ionkwaienthon:hakie (We Are Planting Good Seeds). This connection gave rise to her current project From ‘Garden Warriors’ to ‘Good Seeds’: Indigenizing the Local Food Movement. Seeking examples of groups who are reviving traditional seeds, farming practices and cultural connections to food, the project will be one of the most comprehensive accounts of the Native American food sovereignty movement. Hoover will present the results of this ongoing research as part of the School for Advanced Research’s Creative Thought Forum lecture series. We recently chatted with Dr. Hoover. Can you explain how you came to your current project and what the work is now? The Ukisusknee community, near the Canadian border, is downstream from three Superfund sites. The community had been reliant on fishing, gardening and farming. This changed as their environment became contaminated


and land became less available. The goal of Kanenhi:io Ionkwaienthon:hakie was to get people back into gardening, seed saving and producing food for their families. At night, we would sit around kitchen tables—grimy from weeding and butchering chickens—and we would wonder how other Native communities were funding projects, getting youth involved and getting more people involved generally. I started going to food sovereignty summits, like the annual White Earth Land Recovery Project in Minnesota, or the Great Lakes Intertribal Food Summit, hosted by the Oneida Nation in Wisconsin. These gave me opportunities to hear what people were doing. I wanted to see these projects in person. So, in 2014 I got a research fellowship and hit the road. I spent three months visiting 39 of these projects. I conducted 52 formal interviews and recorded an additional 34 conversations and farm tours. I also attended presentations by, and interviewed, nine Native chefs who are working to promote and elevate Indigenous cuisine, both in their own communities and in commercial settings. In the academic and nonprofit world people love terms like ‘food sovereignty’ and ‘seed saving,’ but I wanted to know what these ideas meant to people who were doing work on the ground and in their own communities.

A comprehensive account of the Native American food sovereignty movement

What are some of the insights that came from that journey? I was looking at what seed sovereignty means in this context and why these seeds have been important to particular projects. One of the big questions I address is how people define seeds from their own communities. Do seeds have to have had a continuous

existence? If a seed comes back to a community from a seed bank—in some cases seeds have been collected and put in institutions on shelves and in jars for decades—do people have differing explanations of why heirloom seeds were important? And, in what ways do people see these seeds as family members? A lot of my work has been exploring how seeds connect back with the communities they come from and seeing how the descendants of what we might think of as dusty old seeds get back to people and their gardens.

The importance of staying connected to language, culture and the stories that come with foods

A lot of writing about seed sovereignty has been about India and Latin America. In the case of my work and within the interviews I conducted concerning Native North America, there is a thread of having control over your own seed sources; not only is it about not having to go to a catalogue or a store, but there is an element of having the ability to protect your seeds. For example, Clayton Brascoupe, who founded the Traditional Native American Farmers Association, based in New Mexico, talks about the ability to protect seeds as your living relatives and, as such, to not allow them to be molested or imprisoned. The molesting could be a corporation genetically modifying your seeds, breaking down your relatives on the genetic level by substituting genes in and out. He sees that as a violation of how you would allow a family member to be treated. In the case of imprisonment, he points to the idea of somebody coming and patenting your seeds. At that point, you cannot have the same relationship to the seeds, so it is really about protecting seeds. His group and others in New Mexico have released statements and proclamations on seed sovereignty and sponsored legislation to help people get grants and funding to better develop seeds and seed banks within their communities and to develop zones where there cannot be GMO seeds planted nearby because of concerns about cross-contamination.

In fact, one of the things that I am working on now is highlighting how Native people are not anti-science. It is not that people wholesale do not trust Western science. For example, we are collaborating with labs in some cases to wake up seeds that have been sitting around for 100 years. It is more about collaborating towards a common goal that works for Native communities and is in the interest of science. A good example of bridging science and tradition can be seen in work by Jamie Holding Eagle at North Dakota State University. She is a descendent of Scattered Corn, a Mandan Hidatsa Arikara corn keeper. Jamie is working on a project determining the nutritional components in heirloom varieties. She is demonstrating how much richer nutritionally they are than other produce people could be getting in stores and encouraging people to eat these foods.

People can be useful allies to Indigenous communities if approached respectfully.

There is a common idea that people who are resistant to genetic modification do not understand science. There is this thought of, “Well you just don’t understand it; that is why you fear it.” But in talking to people working on seed projects, it is not that at all. For many, the perspective is really about taking issue with the way people outside of these communities are thinking about a seed from the very beginning. Their point is that when you see a seed as a relative, as an ancestor and a descendent, you are going to tend to want to protect seeds in different ways.

What about the role of diet in this work? Well, people are very much focused on local now because these heirloom and native seeds produce the food that kept their ancestors and relatives healthy, but there is also a cultural context and relationship that you are not going to have with imported food. When you look at peoples’ creation stories and the stories that root them to place and to their relatives and to where they came from, there is a lot of food in those stories. This is also part of maintaining and reclaiming language and ceremony and the technicalities of food processing. Of course, part of this work is by people wanting to maintain this connection for physical health. For example, in the case of desert foods, we have populations with some of the highest rates of diabetes in the world. You can look at some foods from the desert, like tepary beans, which are very good for people with diabetes, and see that there are health-promoting qualities and benefits. Again, there is also the importance of staying connected to language, culture and the stories that come with these foods that you are not going to get from a bean from the other side of the world. The School for Advanced Research has been bringing speakers to Santa Fe who can address issues of broad social concern within the social sciences in particular. This season we have focused on speakers who explore where traditional practices or methods meet innovative thinking or technologies. How does your research address these ideas? One of my chapters in the current project looks at the work being done by Native chefs. Gastro diplomacy, as one woman called it, asks how chefs are getting people enthused about understanding Indigenous culture by promoting beautiful Native cuisine. Some chefs, like Shawn Sherman, the author of The Sioux Chef ’s Indigenous Kitchen, or Nephi Craig in Arizona, or other chefs, have been working on getting people excited about eating these heirloom crops and varieties. At the same time, these chefs argue that not just anybody should open a Native American restaurant and snatch up these recipes, as has been the case in some ways. The lines between gastro diplomacy and culinary appropriation mean we have to ask how we can make sure that people are properly credited for the recipes and techniques. This all fits into the broader food sovereignty movement, because people can be growing all of these crops and getting heirloom seeds back and in the ground, but if nobody will eat them then that is where it ends.

© Seth Roffman



about the origins of certain health issues. There is a recognition, looking at the situation of health in America broadly today and in tribal communities, that if you are going to cut down on rates of health issues, it is much easier to get out ahead of it and to try to catch kids before they are diabetic or have heart disease. There is a big focus in many of these programs on how to get kids excited about healthy traditional food. Dream of Wild Health in Hugo, Minnesota, is a great example. They bring Native kids from the Twin Cities and give them internships. The interns get paid to get in the van every morning and drive out to the farm. They learn how to plant, take care of their crops, do the weeding, do the harvesting, and there is a little kitchen on site so they learn how to cook. Then they go to the farmers’ market and learn how to market and sell the produce. The program teaches them how to set up a checking account, so they have a way of putting away some of the money that they are gaining. They also provide cooking classes for parents, and if the parents sign up, they get pots, pans and utensils, so it is a holistic approach. If the kids are learning about healthy food and then go home and their parents are still shopping and cooking the same because they do not know any better, then it is not as effective as when you work with the whole family. What do you want people to take away from this upcoming talk in particular? I am always hoping that people will come away thinking about how they can work in their own communities to support issues that are relevant and important around food justice and access to food. People can be useful allies to Indigenous communities. There are useful and helpful non-egocentric ways of approaching Indigenous communities. There are always plenty of opportunities for collaboration if approached respectfully and correctly where people can offer those gifts and tools and put them to work towards projects that are happening. And, when it comes down to who is protecting your water and food source in your environment, the work needs to be on a local level. ¢

Meredith Davidson is director of Public Programs and Communications at the School for Advanced Research (SAR) in Santa Fe.

Anthropologist/author Elizabeth Hoover My work also addresses how the food sovereignty movement has dovetailed with the anti-extraction and anti-pipeline movements in recent years. People are fighting against pipelines using traditional foods and farming as a resource. Recently, I was on horseback rides with groups drawing attention to where pipelines were going to cut across northern Minnesota. These rides brought attention to places that would be contaminated by oil leaks and would no longer be a food source. In the case of the Keystone pipeline in Nebraska, there they had a corn that they had not had in their community for 150 years. When they were forcibly relocated, they lost that corn. Through work with seed collectors and corn breeders, they got that corn back and planted it on a farm in the path of the oncoming pipeline as an effort to prevent it from coming through. There are similar gardens planted in New York on a Hudson Valley farm in another space where a pipeline was supposed to come through, and it is now a native seed sanctuary. So one way these traditions are being used creatively is in the form of activist efforts. As in, “You shall not drive your bulldozers through here and destroy our rare heirloom seeds that we are trying to bring back.” Generationally, where do you see the momentum in the food sovereignty movement? It is a little bit of everybody. Elders often remember things, hold knowledge, remember recipes and seeds, techniques and methods. It is younger people who are learning about the statistics and



Thursday March 21, 2019, 6:30–7:30 p.m. James A. Little Theater at the School for the Deaf 1060 Cerrillos Road, Santa Fe Free for SAR members; $10 for not-yet-members Register in advance online at or call 505.954.7223 THE CONVERSATION CONTINUES

School for Advanced Research members are invited to a conversation-style salon and coffee with Dr. Hoover at 10 a.m. on SAR’s campus the morning after the lecture (March 22). Open to 25 participants, salons are a free member benefit with priority registration offered to Chaco-level members and above. For more information or to register for the salon, contact Lindsay Archuleta at or call 505.954.7231.

OP-ED: Shel Newmark

Endowment Sought for Rural Libraries in New Mexico Rural libraries are grassroots organizations—often established by community volunteers—that play an important role in community sustainability wherever they exist in New Mexico. These libraries in New Mexico contribute critical social infrastructure, far beyond lending books. All provide services such as internet; many offer GED training, after-school programs, early childhood programming, community center space and support for job seekers.


Ski Season is HERE!

Rural libraries are well placed to address issues facing their communities. From health care to criminal justice, there are all sorts of local problems they help solve. Gila’s library, for example, addresses food insecurity in the summer, when there is no school lunch, by giving sacks of groceries weekly to kids who visit the library. Vallecitos’ library helped its community through natural disasters; it was the command center for the Forest Service during a forest fire in the area. When a subsequent flood destroyed the community’s well, the library distributed water and filters. When Estancia’s private prison went out of business, the library held a jobs fair. When the Moly mine shuttered, Questa’s library was the place the workers went to file unemployment claims. Unfortunately, most of these libraries are vulnerable because they lack funds. Public libraries in New Mexico are generally funded with municipal gross receipts taxes. That leaves libraries in unincorporated areas without operating funds. Often libraries in small municipalities lacking a vibrant commercial sector can barely cover their expenses. Rural library advocates are seeking an endowment from the state Legislature. The New Mexico Rural Library Initiative is proposing a $50-million Rural Library Permanent Fund for 50 rural public libraries statewide. The earnings could provide an annual income of about $45,000 per library in perpetuity. A portion of the fund would provide grants to help small communities establish new libraries. It would also provide money for state library support of rural libraries. Companion legislation proposes a constitutional amendment that would allow libraries to be named as permanent beneficiaries. It will also exempt 501(c)(3) public libraries in unincorporated villages from the anti-donation clause so they could use funds for capital expenses.

THIS SEASON... ride the RTD “Blue Bus” 255 Mountain Trail. With service directly to the ticket window and lifts, you can avoid the parking lot crush!

T For more information visit: or call toll-free 866-206-0754

The proposed House budget contains $5 million for the endowment. This would provide each library with about $4,500 per year, which would be helpful but not sustain them. Full funding would create jobs for staffing and capital needs in 50 struggling communities forever. Please contact the governor and your legislators to support full funding for the bill to establish the Rural Library Permanent Fund SB 264 and its companion bill, SJR 11, for the constitutional amendment proposal.¢

Shel Neymark, a founder of the Embudo Valley Library, has been working as a volunteer with the five 501(c)(3) libraries in Río Arriba County for about 25 years.



CORNERSTONES FUNDS SOLAR PROJECTS ON TRIBAL LANDS AND NORTHERN NM VILLAGES Cornerstones Community Partnerships and Remy’s Good Day Fund are collaborating on The Solar Initiative to provide funding for projects on tribal lands and in economically challenged northern New Mexico villages. Since its inception in 2017, the partnership has granted $150,000 to a wide variety of projects—from the solarization of individual homes and community buildings to providing scholarships for the unemployed and underemployed interested in being trained in solar installation and maintenance. New Mexico ranks second in the nation for solar potential but has been slow to act on its potential. A recent Bureau of Labor Statistics report says that solar panel installation is the fastest-growing job category in New Mexico. Savings realized through the installation of solar power can allow communities to reinvest those dollars into cultural preservation efforts. Solar also helps the environment and has health benefits. Cornerstones Community Partnerships, a 501(c)(3) organization, has been “Partnering with Communities for a Sustainable Heritage” since 1986. For more information, call 505.982.9521 or email

NEW MEXICO TO LEAD ON ADDRESSING CLIMATE IMPACTS On Feb. 16, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham announced the introduction of the Resource Sustainability and Security Act, legislation intended to help New Mexico prepare for the impacts of climate change, implement initiatives to make state government more sustainable and boost local businesses and procurement. Introduced by Rep. Melanie Stansbury (D-Alburquerque), HB 28 directs every state agency to develop and implement a climate resilience and sustainability plan, examining how each agency’s mission, infrastructure and budget will be impacted by climate change. Complementing the governor’s third executive order, the bill creates a state government council co-chaired by the secretaries of the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, the Environment Department and the General Services Department and led by a chief sustainability and resilience officer, tasked with directing the state agencies’ efforts to address climate change and greening state government. Additionally, HB 28 directs state agencies to increase water- and energy-efficiency and reduce waste. “With only a few states in the country taking decisive action on climate change, HB 28 underscores New Mexico’s position as a national leader on the issue,” Lujan Grisham said. “This bill will ensure that New Mexico state agencies prepare for climate change and take action that will address the potential longterm impacts statewide.” Stansbury said, “This bill represents a paradigm shift in our thinking and how we prepare for a more sustainable future and the kinds of changes we already are seeing in this state with drought, wildfire and other impacts. In New Mexico, our cultures and traditions are tied to our land. Preparing for a more resilient future while supporting our economy is critical to the future and security of our state.”


MELLON FOUNDATION FUNDS MANITOS NEW MEXICO MEMORY PROJECT The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation is funding the Manitos Community Memory Project, a northern New Mexico initiative to recover and revitalize cultural heritage through the creation of community-based digital archives focused on the Indo-Hispano villages of Abuquiú, Amalia, Cerro, Chamisal, Costilla, Dixon, Las Trampas, Questa and Truchas. The project is redefining the meaning of community in the digital age, connecting residents in the villages with descendants of those who moved away and now live in urban neighborhoods in places such as Albuquerque, Denver and Los Angeles. Through the process of recovering community memory, the project addresses losses suffered by these villages as a result of scholars, cultural institutions and government programs that have engaged in over a century of extractive practices, removing artifacts, documents and knowledge without reciprocal benefit. Manitos aims to develop strategies for restoring what has been lost by collecting, digitizing and preserving historical records, photos and oral histories; documenting and revitalizing traditional practices, and exploring a wide array of topics such as migration, archaeology, architecture and living traditions. It will also test the potential to develop a sense of social and cultural identity through new technologies such as digital mapping, data visualization and virtual reality. New Mexico Highlands University Dept. of Media Arts & Technology, lead institution for the initiative, is partnering with rural libraries, community nonprofits, universities, archives and museums in Denver, Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Washington, D.C. The community engagement component is bringing together some of northern New Mexico’s top community-focused academic scholars and archivists, including a number who grew up in these villages. Dr. Estevan Rael-Gálvez, CEO of Creative Strategies 360˚, is the project director. A native son of the region, his previous roles include state historian of New Mexico and senior vice president of Historic Sites at the National Trust for Historic Preservation in Washington, D.C. “We firmly believe in the importance of reclaiming cultural heritage and strengthening communities. Although this sovereign landscape and its people reflect astonishing complexity, wisdom and beauty, we have only begun to measure the depth of the cultural wounds from this legacy of colonialism and the losses that followed,” Rael-Gálvez said. “Critical steps toward transcending this trauma will be connecting rural to urban and past to present.” Manitos has recently launched a blog ( that publicly documents progress and also provides a virtual gathering space for manitos, as people from rural northern New Mexico and southern Colorado call themselves, to reconnect, recollect, record and reflect on their shared cultural heritage.




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CLIMATE CHANGE, WATER & RESILIENCY: A VISION FOR THE FUTURE “Water is personal, water is local, water is regional, water is statewide. Water is the most personal issue we have.” – Susan Marks

Join the Santa Fe Water Conservation Office for a series of conversations about Santa Fe's future as it relates to water.

KUNM 89.9 FM




Donated by the International Folk Art Market of Santa Fe


TABLE RUNNER $300 VALUE Leki Textiles & Weaving Studio - Bhutan

CERAMIC PLATTER $250 VALUE Nicholas Fabian - Mexico

Residential Water Saturday, March 30th | 10:00 am - 12:00 pm University of Art & Design (Community Room)

Details at



Informational Session & Kickoff Meeting Saturday, March 2nd | 10:00 am - 2:00 pm Genoveva Chavez Community Center (Community Room)

Commercial & Industry Water Efficiency Solutions Thursday, April 11th | 5:00 pm - 7:00 pm Main Library - Downtown (Community Room) Facing Climate Change & Drought Saturday, April 13th | 11:00 am - 1:00 pm Southside Library (Community Room) Community Collaborations & Partnerships Saturday, May 11th | 10:00 am - 12:00 pm Genoveva Chavez Community Center (Community Room)

All events are free and open to the public. Light meals will be provided. Co-hosted by City of Santa Fe Water Conservation Office, Water Conservation Committee, and Santa Fe Watershed Association

METAL BOWL Josnel Bruno - Hati

$300 VALUE

Visit for more info. GREENFIRETIMES.COM




Ideas, strategies and examples of all aspects of water infrastructure and water efficient landscapes. Listening circles to promote dialogue and action. Presented by Xeriscape Council of NM and Arid LID (Low Impact Development in drylands) Coalition. MARCH 8, 10 AM–4 PM ALBUQUERQUE MUSHROOM UNIVERSE

Albuquerque Garden Center

Mycology 101: Myco-medicinals cultivation, myco-remediation and more. Presented by Alex Dorr. $95. MARCH 9, 5–8 PM BOOK SIGNING: ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IN NEW MEXICO

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, 2401 12th St. NW

Valerie Rangel’s book presents stories of strife and struggle in the war to protect the integrity of natural systems, rights to religious freedom and the continuation of traditional customs. Free.


National Hispanic Cultural Center, 1701 4th St. SW

Tours of exhibits and themes in the Art Museum. $2-$3, free with museum admission. 505.246.2261, TUES.–SAT., 10 AM–2 PM THROUGH MAY GENÍZARO IDENTITY AND CONTINUANCE EXHIBIT

Gutiérrez-Hubbell House Museum, 6029 Isleta SW

According to oral history and DNA, some families in the Abiquiú area are descendants of captive Native Americans. Donations requested. ABQ 2030 DISTRICT

Voluntary collaboration of commercial property tenants, building managers, property owners and developers; real estate, energy and building sector professionals, lenders, utility companies; and public stakeholders such as government agencies, nonprofits, community groups and grassroots organizers. Property partners share anonymous utility data and best practices. Professional partners provide expertise and services. Public partners support the initiative as it overlaps with their own missions. Info: GROW THE GROWERS


Gutiérrez-Hubbell House Preserve and Farm Partners

Earth Mastery Course

Learn how to farm in the Río Grande Valley, market and manage a business. Applications accepted for 2019 growing season. 40-week program begins in March. Free to interns. Full-time interns receive a weekly stipend for first year., (search for Grow the Growers).

Ideas and Coffee Co-Working Space, 5021 Indian School Rd. NE #500 Program on implementing climate change solutions into people’s lives. Home energy, clean energy, transportation, food, green building and more. Field trips on Saturdays. $75/$50. Presented by the NM Solar Energy Assn. product/earth-mastery-march-2019/ MARCH 15 ABQ’S BEST LOCAL BRAND AWARD CONTEST APPLICATION DEADLINE

Award to be announced at B2B Expo—April 23, Isleta Resort & Casino. Local business-to-business networking event. Award winners judged by NM Chapter of the American Marketing Assn. will receive free advertising. People’s Choice voting through 4/23. Presented by EXHIBIT-IT! MARCH 16, 10–11:30 AM HOW TO ATTRACT BIRDS TO YOUR YARD

Albuquerque Garden Center, 10120 Lomas NE

Presentation by Bruce Dale, conservation chairman for the Central NM Audubon Society. Hosted by the Xeric Garden Club. Attract birds with native plants, water and create a year-round refuge. Free. THROUGH MARCH 29 READ TO ME! BOOK DRIVE

Children’s books being collected for local families, hospitals, early childhood education centers and events. Collection sites include any Lowe’s Home Improvement, Dion’s Pizza, Barnes and Noble, Applebee’s La Montanita Foods Co-op, ABQ-Bernalillo County Libraries, Bookworks. For larger donations, contact: Info: APRIL 26, 7:30 PM ABQ PHILHARMONIC ORCHESTRA PERFORMS “MUSIC OF THE MEXICOS”

National Hispanic Cultural Center, 1701 4th St. SW

Free, donations accepted. 505.433.7445, Abqphilorg THROUGH OCT. 20 “OURS: THE ZIA SUN SYMBOL”

Indian Pueblo Cultural Center, 2401 12th St., NW

Exhibit includes a short film, contributions from Zia Pueblo and communities in New Mexico. FIRST SUNDAYS NM MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY AND SCIENCE

1801 Mountain Rd.

Museum admission is free to NM residents on the first Sunday of every month. 505.841.2800



Community Discussions. 3/2, 10 am–2 pm: Info session/kickoff meeting, Genoveva Chávez Center; 3/30, 10 am–12 pm: Residential Water, Univ. of Art & Design; 4/11, 5–7 pm: Facing Climate Change & Drought, Southside Library; 5/11, 10 am–12 pm: Community Collaborations & Partnerships, Genoveva Chávez Center. Co-hosted by City of SF Water Conservation Office, Water Conservation Committee and SF Watershed Assn. MARCH 3, 6–8 PM THE PROVIDERS —FILM SCREENING

IAIA Auditorium, Library and Tech Center, 83 Avan Nu Po Rd. Three “country doctors” in NM at clinics offer care to all, regardless of ability to pay. Screening followed by panel discussion about health care options and access in NM. Free. Also 4/8, 9 am and 4/13 on KNME Channel 5.1 MARCH 9, 10 AM–4 PM SANTA FE MUSHROOM UNIVERSE

Santa Fe Community College

Mycology 101: Myco-medicinals cultivation, myco-remediation and more. Presented by Alex Dorr. $95. MARCH 9–10 SANTA FE HOME SHOW

SF Community Convention Center

Innovative solutions for better living. Largest home show in northern NM. Lego competition for kids 5–12. MARCH 11–12, 7 PM BANFF MOUNTAIN FILM FESTIVAL

The Lensic Performing Arts Center

Exploration or remote landscapes and mountain cultures to action sports. $15. Benefits the SF Conservation Trust. 505.988.1234, banff-mountain-film-festival/


SF Community College’s Health and Sciences Center, Rm. 442, 6401 Richards Ave.

Explore the possibilities of earning an Associate Degree in Respiratory Care. Free. 505.428.1723

led by facilitators. Presented by Creative Santa Fe. Free. RSVP required. MARCH 16, 1–3 PM TRADITIONAL ACETO BALSAMICO FROM MONTICELLO, NM

Santa Fe School of Cooking, 125 N. Guadalupe St.


Join Slow Food SF to hear the story of the Steve & Jane Darland’s authentic balsamic vinegar from a small organic farm. $25.

A Woman Listens for Leadership by Bioneers co-founder Nina Simons in conversation with Cecile Lipworth. Simons’ book highlights inspiring women around the world who are leading the way to social and environmental justice. 505.988.4226


MARCH 14, 6 PM

Collected Works Books, 202 Galisteo St.


Vital Spaces, 220 Otero St.

Small group discussions with community members and local arts institutions,


Master Gardener Classroom, County Fairgrounds, 3229 Rodeo Rd. Learn the art, science, materials, methods and benefits of home composting. Track I: Join as a Certified Master Compost Educator. Track II: Learn home composting without becoming a certified educator. $65. March 23, 30, April 6, 13, 9 am–4 pm. MARCH 21, 6:30–7:30 PM FROM ‘GARDEN WARRIORS’ TO ‘GOOD SEEDS’

James A. Little Theater, 1060 Cerrillos Rd.

Creative Thought Forum: Indigenizing the Local Food Movement. Lecture by Dr. Elizabeth Hoover exploring traditional food practices in Native American communities and the impact of environmental studies on modern food production. Presented by the School for Advanced Research. $10/free for SAR members. 505.954.7223, THROUGH MARCH 31 BENEFIT FOR RÍO ARRIBA ADULT LITERACY PROGRAM

Op Cit Books, DeVargas Mall

$1 sale table books. 505.428.0321, www., APRIL 1 APPLICATION DEADLINE THE ART OF CLIMATE JUSTICE

Witty in Pink – A Celebration of Women by Shirley Klinghoffer Reconstructed vintage ballgowns of taffeta and tulle became the fragile surroundings for the strong bronze “core.”

SF students (4th through community college) can win prizes for best artwork. Sponsored by Climate Change Leader-



ship Institute, SF Green Chamber of Commerce, Earth Care and others. http://files.

TUES.–SUN., 10 AM–5 PM

APRIL 11, 10 AM–2 PM

20 artists stretch the boundaries of New Mexican art. Through March 29. 505.982.2226,\


Museum of Spanish Colonial Art, Museum Hill


Santa Fe Community College Main Hall and Campus Center

Employer and school representatives, small business support resources. Free. Open to students and community members. 505.428.1406,


1050 Old Pecos Tr.

Interactive exhibits and activities. 505.989.8359,


Railyard Park, 740 Cerrillos Rd.

Celebrate the Earth and local biodiversity in honor of the national theme: Protect Our Species. Interactive activities for kids. Animal ambassadors.


School for Advanced Research, 660 García St.

Collection of nearly 12,000 pieces of Native American art. $15/free to members. 505.954.7272, SAT., 8 AM–1 PM SANTA FE FARMERS’ MARKET


SF Community Convention Center

Focused on the link between early childhood development and later acts of violence in adolescence and adulthood. $350/$400/$135 single day. Limited number of scholarships are available. Continuing education credits will be available to psychologists, social workers and mental health counselors. Hosted by the SF Boys Educational Foundation. JUNE 12–14 3 RD ANNUAL NEXT GENERATION WATER SUMMIT

SF Community Convention Center

Brings together the building and development community, water reuse professionals and water policymakers to share best practices and learn about innovative conservation and reuse techniques. Keynote by Radhika Fox, chief executive officer of the U.S. Water Alliance. $299/$50 students. SUNDAYS, 11 AM JOURNEY SANTA FE CONVERSATIONS

Collected Works Books, 202 Galisteo St.

3/3: Cecile Lipworth on NM’s diverse women’s groups working together as community advocates. With Christina Castro and Sarah Ghiorse; 3/10: Sen. Jeff Steinborn on NM’s Green Deal legislation; 3/17: Sen. Jerry Ortiz y Pino presents an overview of the NM legislative session; 3/24: Rep. Andrea Romero with host Susan Tarman on unpacking the biggest changes to NM; 3/31: Political commentator Joe Monahan on NM issues and politics. Free.

1607 Paseo de Peralta

Northern NM farmers & ranchers offer fresh tomatoes, greens, root veggies, cheese, teas, herbs, spices, honey, baked goods, body-care products and much more. FOUNDATIONS OF HERBALISM

Milagro School of Herbal Medicine

Intensive training program registration now open. 250-hour hands-on complete certificate course covering NM herbs and healing traditions. 505.820.6321, ONGOING, 10 AM–5 PM TELLING NM: STORIES FROM THEN AND NOW

New Mexico History Museum, 113 Lincoln Ave.

500 years of stories—from early Native inhabitants to today’s residents— told through artifacts, films, photographs, computer interactives, oral histories and more. 505.982.6466,


KTAOS, 9 State Rd. 150

Networking, presentations, discussion and professional services. Free or by donation. 505.776.7903, OPEN DAILY


SF Farmers’ Market, 1607 Paseo de Peralta

Art & gift galeria by local artists and crafters. 505.983.4098, MON.–SAT. POEH CULTURAL CENTER & MUSEUM

78 Cities of Gold Rd., Pueblo of Pojoaque

In T’owa Vi Sae’we: The People’s Pottery. Tewa Pottery from the Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian. Nah Poeh Meng: 1,600-sq.-ft. core installation highlighting Pueblo artists and history. MON.–SAT. 8 AM–4 PM RANDALL DAVEY AUDUBON CENTER

1800 Upper Canyon Rd.

Trails lead through several habitats and plant zones ranging from meadows to ponderosa pine forests. No dogs allowed. 505.983.4609 TUES.–SAT. EL MUSEO CULTURAL DE SANTA FE

555 Cam. de la Familia

Rotating exhibits, community programs and performances designed to preserve Hispanic culture.



708 Hacienda Way

Northern NM-style Spanish colonial “great house” built in 1804 by Severino Martínez. 575.758.1000,


Santa Cruz Irrigation District, NM

Volunteers needed. Meet at the parking area in front of Santa Cruz morada across from the running deer mural fence. Bring shovel, hat, water and snacks. MARCH 6, 9:30 AM–12:30 PM NATIONAL YOUTH SUMMIT ON OPIOID AWARENESS

Santa Ana Star Center, 3001 Civic Center Circle, Río Rancho, NM

Designed to educate middle and high school students about the dangers of opioid misuse while promoting the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. MARCH 7–8


Vicente Guerrero, Tlaxcala, México

Sponsored, in part, by the Intl. Indian Treaty Council; Indigenous Peoples

Alliance for Traditional Knowledge, Food Sovereignty and Climate Change; Cultural Survival; Native American Food Sovereignty Alliance. MARCH 8, 1:30–4 PM FRUIT TREE PRUNING WORKSHOP

NMSU Sustainable Agriculture Center, Alcalde, NM

Outdoor presentations and hands-on sessions in the orchard. Apple, peach, cherry, plum, apricot and blackberries with organizers from NMSU Alcalde Center, Taos County, Santa Fe County and Río Arriba County Extension. Pre-register: 505.852.4241 or https://rsvp. MARCH 19, 10 AM–12 PM


Pojoaque Valley High School, NM

June 10–21 free program for young women from northern NM high schools who have completed Algebra I or higher. Presented by LANL, the NM Consortium, Pojoaque Valley and Los Alamos Public Schools. Opportunities for internships at the lab. Applicants need teacher recommendation letter. MAY 17–19 NEW MEXICO FIBER CRAWL

Organized by the Española Valley Fiber Arts Center. FIRST MONDAYS EACH MONTH, 3–5 PM


Gallup, NM


Small businesses and agricultural producers can learn to decrease energy consumption and implement renewable energy to increase financial stability. Free. Registration required. A limited number of energy assessments will be offered to businesses for free. Presented by the NM Economic Development Dept., Energy Conservation and Management Div. and the USDA. 505.827.0264,,

Octavia Fellin Library, Gallup, NM

Community members concerned about conservation, energy, water, recycling and environmental issues welcome. 505.722.0039. MON., WED., FRI., SAT., 10 AM–4 PM PAJARITO ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION CENTER

2600 Canyon Rd., Los Alamos, NM


NMSU Golf Course Banquet Room, Las Cruces, NM

Community organizations, industry, agri-producers, technology innovators, faculty researchers, students and extension agents will discuss NM’s water challenges. RSVP:

Nature center and outdoor education programs. Exhibits of flora and fauna of the Pajarito Plateau; herbarium, live amphibians, butterfly and xeric gardens. 505.662.0460, WED, SAT., 9:30 AM MESA PRIETA PETROGLYPH PROJECT

North of Española, NM


El Rancho Community Center, El Rancho, San Ildefonso Pueblo, NM

Benefit event celebrating 10 years of doula care. Pre-registration and tickets required. By donation. 505.310.3790,,

Docent-led two-hour tours of the Wells Petroglyph Preserve. $35. Pre-registration required., WEDS., 6–8 PM SOLAR COMMUNITY MEETINGS

113 E. Logan Ave., Gallup, NM

MARCH 28–31

Free presentations & classes on all things solar for DIYers & tribal members living off the grid. 505.728.9246,


Tempe, AZ


Española area

INSTALL SOLAR THIS YEAR to get the maximum federal tax credit. Rebates drop from 30% to 26% in January 2020.

After training by the NM Coalition for Literacy, volunteer tutors are matched with an adult student. 505.747.6162,, COMMUNITIES IN SCHOOLS IN NEW MEXICO

solarize santa fe


plug in to clean power! Thinking about going solar, but aren’t sure where to start? Want clean energy for your home, but worry about the cost? We can help! Santa Fe County Sustainability offers FREE, IMPARTIAL ADVICE for residents who want to install solar affordably. We can: • help demystify the process of switching to solar • direct you to resources and strategies to make solarization affordable • calculate the environmental and financial benefits for your specific situation

Get a FREE CONSULTATION on going solar! or (505)


Volunteers needed to help with food distribution. Also, math and literacy support during and after school; especially individuals with training in TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) and Spanish speakers., volunteer NEW MEXICO LANDLINK

For people seeking agricultural and local food resources, such as land for agricultural use, agricultural work or learning opportunities, or agricultural apprentices, interns or employees. www. SPIRIT OF THE BUTTERFLY

923 E. Fairview Lane, Española, NM

Women’s support group organized by Tewa Women United. Info/ RSVP: Beverly, 505.795.8117 WILDLIFE WEST NATURE PARK

87 N. Frontage Rd., Edgewood, NM

122-acre park just east of ABQ. Interactive trail focuses on rescued, non-releasable, native New Mexican wildlife and native plants. GREENFIRETIMES.COM


If you love it, keep it flowing. New Mexico’s only newspaper dedicated

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Green Fire Times serves a diverse readership in central and northern New Mexico. Green Fire Times and are now part of Southwest Learning Centers, Inc., a non-profit, educational organization (est. 1973). 2 • Green Earth Publishing • P.O. Box 8627, Santa Fe, NM 87504 Phone: 505-310-4970

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Advertise in the Green Fire Times today! FOR AD RATES AND SPECIFICATIONS, CONTACT, 505-310-4970 COMMUNITY • CULTURE • ENVIRONMENT • ECONOMY Green Jobs • Businesses • Products • Services • Building • Energy • Entrepreneurship Food & Agriculture • Natural Resource Stewardship • Education • Health & Wellness Regional History • Arts & Culture • Native Perspectives • Local Heroes