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OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK National Level


Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


Recommendations and tools for implementing Green Fins nationally


Foreword

by UNEP Executive Director

Diving towards sustainable economic growth As the fastest growing sector in the world, tourism represents a strategy opportunity for sustainable blue economic development. However, tourism can be a double-edged sword. The vibrant life on coral reefs draws growing numbers of people to tropical coasts – one million new divers are certified every year and number of snorkelers is even higher. Such additional pressures create risks. This handbook provides practical guidance to help those who rely on coral reef ecosystems reduce the risk of degrading their key natural asset. World tourism is at an all-time high with over 1.2 billion tourists traveling around the globe in 2015, driving considerable economic growth. In 2009 it accounted for 5 per cent of global GDP, 6 per cent of jobs and almost 10 per cent of investment. This represents a significant source of foreign exchange for many countries, with tourism making up a third of the economic value of coral reefs globally. However many locations struggle to cope with rapidly increasing tourism catalysed by ever more affordable air travel and growing disposable income in developed economies. Green Fins is a public private partnership initiative for environmental stewardship in the diving and snorkelling industry, which was established by United Nations Environment Programme and The Reef-World Foundation in collaboration with

Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

the Phuket Marine Biological Centre in 2004. It builds on a simple 15-point code of conduct and a robust assessment system for dive centres, which enables their environmental performance to be measured, evaluated and certified. This includes comprehensive criteria for high-risk practices both above and below the water, and offers simple, realistic and low cost alternatives. This series of three Operational Handbooks consolidates over 12 years of implementation experience across six Southeast Asian countries. It pulls together the lessons learned by dive and snorkel guides, instructors, partner agencies and resource and business managers. Solutions to everyday challenges are presented alongside step by step guidance for introducing and sustaining Green Fins activities within tourist destinations and countries. As such it provides a very practical strategic guide for the public and private sector to deliver on the Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi targets and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It will help dive centres, national authorities and local conservations reduce anthropogenic pressures on oceans, seas and marine resources, while mobilising financial resources, communities and sustainable production and consumption patterns.

Achim Steiner United Nations Under-Secretary-General and Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme


Foreword

by CEO of the Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA)

I had made a promise to my son, to take him to the Great Barrier Reef and, when we finally went, we met a fish named Wally - a humphead wrasse. Also known as the Maori wrasse, males can grow to two metres in length and can weigh up to 180kg. There is something about marine wildlife that brings about a sense of awe, then majesty, followed by serenity. As a recreational snorkeler I have seen at first hand the changes in our marine ecosystems. The diversity has decreased as creatures become endangered or extinct. Even the vibrancy in colours has diminished and this cannot and must not continue. At PATA, we take issues concerning sustainable tourism very seriously and we recognise the importance of a strong and forceful entity that can be an international voice to inspire the protection and conservation of marine life and coral reefs. Green Fins does just that through its grassroots efforts to provide education and guidelines to local dive communities. It is well known in the tourism industry that global visitation is on the upswing, with particular growth projected in the Asia Pacific region, the world’s centre of biodiversity. The increasing demand from tourism on our Earth’s precious resources highlights the need for best practices and to set standards to maintain

sustainable development. As the world’s only UNEP recognised international set of best practice guides for SCUBA diving and snorkelling activities, Green Fins’ three Operational Handbooks provide ‘a practical guide for applying best environmental practice within dive and snorkel centres’. These books give actionable solutions to dive centre owners, managers, staff and resource managers for handling environmental challenges. PATA is proud to endorse the work of Reef-World and the Green Fins initiative in working with local communities to empower people to act in a way that protects our marine resources. I am confident that, with the help of Reef-World, these Green Fins Operational Handbooks will give our dive and snorkel tourism communities the knowledge, expertise and commitment required to ensure that generations to come will be able to meet Wally and his extended family.

Mario Hardy Chief Executive Officer, Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA)


TABLE OF CONTENTS Pg. 8

Introduction to the Operational Handbook

Pg. 25

How Green Fins supportand promote implementation of key coastal resource management approaches?

Pg. 10

Role of the Green Fins National Team

Pg. 14

Resources and capacity needed for Green Fins implementation

Pg. 29

How Green Fins aligns with UNEP’s focus of work

Pg. 16

How Green Fins aligns with national environmental targets (3 case studies)

Pg. 31

Integrating Green Fins in policy

Pg. 32

Outputs you can expect from Green Fins

Pg. 34

Membership Process

Pg. 36

The International Green Fins Network

Pg. 19

Enabling factors for Green Fins naitonal implementation

Pg. 20

How Green Fins aligns with international environmental targets

DONATE NOW- to help Green Fins grow

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


INTRODUCTION TO THE OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK This is one in a series of three Operational Handbooks to support Green Fins introduction and implementation at the three levels of operation:

1. Dive / Snorkel Centre 2. Site (tourist destination) 3. National

This handbook provides relevant national authorities and agencies with the recommendations and tools they need for long term implementation of the Green Fins approach.

The content includes guidance on how Green Fins can help relevant authorities deliver on nationally and internationally adopted environmental commitments and the outputs they can expect to achieve. It presents interventions for using Green Fins to strengthen regulatory and policy frameworks related to coral reef tourism and environmental management, drawing on successful case studies. This handbook clearly defines the role of the National Team, as well as how they sit within the International Green Fins Network.

Download! It is designed to be used in association with formal training and technical advice provided by The Reef-World Foundation; the technical agency behind Green Fins.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

Who are The Reef-World Foundation?


Before reading further, it’s recommended that you read:

OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK FOR THE

OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK FOR THE

OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK

OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK

Dive and Snorkel Centres

Site Level

CLICK HERE to access the Dive and Snorkel Centres Operational Handbook

CLICK HERE to access the Site Level Operational Handbook

DIVE AND SNORKEL CENTRE

SITE LEVEL

This will help you gain a good understanding of what Green Fins is, what it can achieve and what resources implementation requires.

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ROLE OF THE GREEN FINS NATIONAL TEAM The Green Fins approach is implemented at four levels:

1. International 2. National 3. Site (tourist destination) 4. Dive or Snorkel Centre

This handbook provides instructions for implementation at the National level. A Green Fins National Team is usually formed by a national authority/ institution, to oversee introduction and implementation across diving and snorkelling destinations (sites). Each site may be managed by individuals of the National Team being mobilised to specific sites, or through a site based Local Management Team, selected and coordinated by the National Team.

Download! Green Fins Management Team Roles and Responsibilities Roles and responsibilities for Green Fins implementation are outlined on page 11.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


Example national management framework - Option 1

Network Leader Central Government

Assistant Network Leader Central Government

National Team Assessors (and Coordinators)

Total number is determined during Situation Analysis phase

Site 1 - Diving Industry Network of participating dive and snorkel centres

Site 2 - Diving Industry Network of participating dive and snorkel centres

Site 3 - Diving Industry Network of participating dive and snorkel centres

11


Example national management framework - Option 2 Network Leader Central Government

Assistant Network Leader Central Government

Site 1

Site 2

Site 3

Local Management Team Assessors (and Coordinators) Total number is determined during Situation Analysis phase

Local Management Team Assessors (and Coordinators) Total number is determined during Situation Analysis phase

Local Management Team Assessors (and Coordinators) Total number is determined during Situation Analysis phase

Network of participating dive and snorkel centres

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Network of participating dive and snorkel centres

Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

Network of participating dive and snorkel centres


ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES MATRIX

13


RESOURCES AND CAPACITY NEEDED FOR GREEN FINS IMPLEMENTATION Authorities, organisations and institutions who adopt Green Fins are expected to commit long term institutional support for implementation to build a network of dive centres operating in accordance with the code of conduct. Green Fins is implemented on a site by site basis. To learn more about the operational requirements of implementing Green Fins please refer to the Operational Handbook for the Site Level.

OPERATIONAL HANDBOOK Site Level

That Handbook will help you to identify how many potential sites you may have nationally. You can then calculate the resource and capacity requirements for national implementation by scaling up from the site level requirements.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

CLICK HERE to access the Site Level Operational Handbook


In order to implement Green Fins as a lasting management approach, relevant authorities can take steps to strengthen regulatory and policy frameworks related to coral reef tourism and / or mainstream implementation activities within national coastal environmental management initiatives.

The following 5 sections will provide suggestions and case studies to help authorities understand how they may integrate Green Fins for long term success.

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HOW GREEN FINS ALIGNS WITH NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETS (3 CASE STUDIES) Thailand:

In Thailand, Green Fins has been implemented by the Phuket Marine Biological Center (PMBC) under the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR). Initial activities were supported through finances provided by the UNEP Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia in 2004. Green Fins has since been sustained by modest but regular funding from DMCR as a result of the inclusion of Green Fins activities in a number of national programmes, a major one being the recent inclusion as a component of Global Environment Facility / Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia Integrated Coastal Management Project (DMCR’s GEF/PEMSEA ICM). This has enabled continued funding to be allocated to specific Green Fins activities such as the production and dissemination of Green Fins awareness raising materials, and training in the use of these materials.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


Malaysia: Green Fins Malaysia has been implemented by the Department of Marine Parks Malaysia (DMPM) where it was adopted as a national programme in 2009. The Department recognized that Green Fins contributes to national priorities and commitments for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). As a result it was included in the Department’s Key Performance Index (KPI) for the delivery of Malaysia’s commitments to the CBD specifically Aichi Biodiversity Target 10. To help mainstream Green Fins, the DMPM consistently present the approach as an effective tool to combat key threats associated with tourism activities at relevant workshops and planning sessions. The DMPM have partnered with Reef Check Malaysia and provide them with funds to oversee the majority of site level based activities, including the annual assessment and training of Green Fins members.

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The Philippines: The Green Fins Code of Conduct was adopted as a guideline for environmentally sustainable diving under the Departmental Administrative Order (DAO) Sustainable Coral Reef Ecosystem Management Plan (SCREMP) in the Philippines. This has enabled the Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Biodiversity Management Bureau (DENR-BMB) to allocate national resources and promote the approach within relevant sectors. It is vital that alongside relevant legislation, processes to mainstream the approach within national systems are employed to ensure Green Fins activities are prioritised within resource allocation and activity planning at the local level. Similar to the situation in Malaysia, the Philippine Government have partnered with a local NGO called the El Nido Foundation, who are now overseeing the local operational activities of Green Fins within the popular diving and snorkeling destination of El Nido. This has proven to be a very successful model for implementation and management

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


ENABLING FACTORS FOR GREEN FINS NATIONAL IMPLEMENTATION The previous three case studies identify a few actions that can be taken at the national level to enable successful Green Fins implementation. These can be broadly summarised as:

Adopt policies that call for sustainability actions in the coastal tourism industry;

Mainstream Green Fins within national systems to ensure the longevity of the activities;

Endorse the Green Fins Code of Conduct as a guideline for environmentally sustainable diving;

Make relevant aspects of Green Fins operations the responsibility of staff in national institutions, such as a local or national NGO;

Recognise that Green Fins contributes to national priorities and commitments in terms of marine conservation (e.g. coastal, ecosystem-based management; sustainable consumption and production, collaboration with the private sector) and adapt relevant plans to reflect this;

Make allocations in national budgets (conservation, sustainable tourism, information and outreach campaigns) for Green Fins assessments and awareness raising activities; and:-

Report on these contributions at national as well as international levels (e.g. National Plans of Action, reports on delivery of CBD / SDG, Regional Seas Conventions, their protocols or Action Plans);

Include the promotion of compliance to the Green Fins code of conduct for all dive and snorkel centres operating within management frameworks of Marine Protected Areas.

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HOW GREEN FINS ALIGNS WITH

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETS

20

Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


Green Fins embodies the Ecosystem Approach as defined by the CBD Conference of the Party decisions.

Aichi Biodiversity Targets

Copyright BIP/SCBD

CLICK HERE to access the CBD Aichi Biodiversity Targets webpage

Green Fins directly delivers on Aichi Biodiversity Target 10 by reducing anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.

Green Fins also provides an inventive model for working with the private sector and helping industry take responsibility for, or contribute to, reef management. In this way it contributes to reef management, and in this regard it also contributes to Aichi Biodiversity Target 20 on mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources. 21


Green Fins can also support delivery of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, by contributing to: SDG 14, ‘to conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development’ and in particular Target 14.2. By providing an effective model to promote sustainable diving and snorkelling activities, Green Fins reduces direct threats to coral reefs and promotes resilience. SDG 12, ‘to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns’, specifically target 12.b. The Green Fins assessment system is a robust and effective tool to promote and monitor compliance to sustainable tourism practices. CLICK HERE to access the UN SDG webpage

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


The International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) is an informal partnership between Nations and organisations which strives to preserve coral reefs and related ecosystems around the world.

The International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI) Continuing Call to Action and Framework for Action calls for strategies and programmes that address, among other things, coastal development, tourism and recreation so as to reduce direct stresses to reefs that undermine their resilience to climate change. CLICK HERE to access the ICRI forum

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Green Fins addresses the four ‘cornerstones’ of ICRI in the following ways:

Integrated management Green Fins fosters collaboration with the tourism sector in the management of coral reefs, promotes the consideration of environmental objectives in business operations, and contributes to development of relevant regulations. It also supports identification and prioritization of environmental threats and addresses these through strategic outreach and education campaigns.

Research and monitoring The Green Fins code of conduct promotes active participation in marine monitoring. Green Fins provides relevant authorities with access to a network of divers for the promotion of citizen science monitoring programmes.

Capacity building

Review

Reef-World delivers tailored capacity building interventions to the diving industry as well as local and national authorities for Green Fins implementation:

The Green Fins system provides a rigorous and robust system for assessment and review of performance, based on a code of conduct. By continuously reducing their environmental footprint dive centres maintain their Green Fins certification. Assessment data is stored on a secure database and used for ongoing performance review. Along with monitoring of the ecological impact of Green Fins this provides a basis for adaptive management.

1. Provision of and training in the use of tools covering Green Fins implementation; 2. Training and outreach on addressing specific environmental impacts of diving and snorkeling; and3. Dialogues for public-private sector environmental collaboration

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


HOW DOES GREEN FINS SUPPORT AND

PROMOTE IMPLEMENTATION OF KEY

COASTAL RESOURCE EBM

MANAGEMENT APPROACHES?

BEST

Practice

25


Integrated coastal management By fostering collaboration between the public and private sector in addressing environmental challenges, Green Fins acts as an effective broker for integrated coastal management. Green Fins provides an approach for balancing environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational objectives in and around locations for recreational diving and snorkeling. Green Fins also engages and mobilises local environmental champions who are invested in the future sustainability of coastal ecosystems, and undertakes strategic outreach and education campaigns.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


Public Private Partnership Green Fins represents an effective and meaningful model for working with the private sector and helping industry take responsibility for or contribute to reef management. Green Fins also provides opportunities for strengthening use of coral reef ecosystem service values Green Fins also promotes and facilitates consideration of coral reef ecosystem service values in decision-making, by private companies as well as by government agencies.

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Ecosystem based management EBM

Green Fins is particularly relevant to the principles of EBM, including: Applying an ecosystem services perspective; Setting common goals across sectors and managing for multiple objectives; and:Participatory approach, involving and informing the public.

BEST

Practice

Implementation of best practice The Green Fins assessment and training systems promote compliance to industry best practice. Solutions to common industry challenges are shared throughout the network.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


HOW GREEN FINS ALIGNS WITH

UNEP’S FOCUS OF WORK UNEP promotes ecosystem-based management approaches. This means developing a shared vision that integrates social, environmental and economic perspectives and managing ecosystems in a way that meets ecological as well as human needs. A Global Coral Reef Partnership established by UNEP and Regional Seas Conventions and Action Plans (RSCAP) supports countries deliver internationally agreed coral reef commitments through ecosystembased management of coral reefs.

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Global Coral Reef Partnership

Global Level Tools and policy frameworks are developed and exchange of best practice supported.

The four substantive work areas: 1) Building coral reef resilience in the face of climate change and ocean acidification;

Regional Level Adoption of tools and policy frameworks by countries is facilitated through Regional Seas intergovernmental mechanisms as well as capacity building.

2) Strengthening use of coral reef ecosystem service values in public and private decision-making;

Green Fins activities are included within this area of work

National Level Uptake and upscaling is promoted through demonstration projects.

3) Enhancing data and information provision for ecosystem-based coral reef planning and management; and:4) Leveraging international processes for EBM, including institutional support and outreach.

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level


INTEGRATING GREEN FINS IN POLICY When integrated within policy, Green Fins is a useful tool for strengthening environmental legislative frameworks and regulations governing the tourism industry. Success story 1:

The Philippines:

Success story 2:

The Maldives:

Green Fins has been included as a key component for the implementation of the Departmental Administrative Order for the Sustainable Coral Reef Ecosystems Management Programme (SCREMP) in the Philippines. This has enabled the mobilisation of resources for national level training and local level implementation activities.

In the Maldives the Green Fins Code of Conduct will be included within the Protected Areas Regulation within the Environment Protection and Preservation Act 4/93. Funds are allocated in line with this providing annual budget and human resources for activities.

The presence of the DAO also helps to keep Green Fins on the agenda of both national and local resource managers, including when representatives are replaced or moved.

CLICK HERE to access the Protected Areas Regulation of the Environment Protection and Preservation Act 4/93

This will also result in Green Fins being included within the management framework of all future Maldivian marine Protected Areas.

Download! SCREMP 31


OUTPUTS YOU CAN EXPECT FROM GREEN FINS Authorities can hope to see the following outputs achieved along these timelines:

AFTER 1 YEAR

of implementation

• Legal documentation identifying official national adoption of Green Fins approach, and recognition from UNEP and Reef-World of institution / authority as the Green Fins National Team; • Situation analysis of potential sites and site level action plans for implementation and integration into national processes, carried out by Reef-World; • Functioning team of Assessors, qualified through the Assessor Training Programme delivered by Reef-World for national / site level management team; • Introduction of Green Fins to dive and / or snorkel centres at pilot site;

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Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

AFTER 2 YEARS of implementation

CONSECUTIVE YEARS

• Baseline Green Fins environmental assessment of business operations at pilot site which will result in certified operations, identification of business activities posing greatest environmental threat to coastal ecosystems, and potential mitigation solutions; • Environmental awareness raising activities such as training for dive staff, engaging the industry in environmental activities and production and dissemination of materials targeting key environmental concerns; • Review of pilot site implementation including national action plan and steps for institutionalisation.


AFTER 1 YEAR

of implementation

AFTER 2 YEARS

CONSECUTIVE YEARS

of implementation

• Concrete steps taken to mainstream Green Fins within relevant national processes and / or initiatives (may include strengthening of policy); • Expansion of Green Fins to 2 additional sites, associated baseline assessments and awareness raising activities completed; • Progress environmental assessments of business operations at pilot site showing at least a 5% improvement in average assessment scores over baseline (reflection of improved environmental business practices and indication of reduced impact to coastal ecosystems); • Increased participation of diving / snorkelling industry in environmental activities (e.g. beach clean ups and reef monitoring); • Implementation of a national awareness raising strategy to environmental concerns associated with diving and snorkelling activities in line with the national action plan.

Download! Green Fins Database Analysis Guidelines

33


MEMBERSHIP PROCESS 1

2

Dive and snorkel operators sign up for

FREE MEMBERSHIP by signing a membership form and

Based on the results of the assessment,

the Assessor consults with the business management

Each activity is graded either

The assessment results in a

GREEN, YELLOW or RED*,

SCORE

TO AGREE ON

3 REALISTIC

=

ACTIONS

to address the most pressing

BUSINESS OPERATIONS to

environmental concerns to be implemented prior to the next assessment (annually).

MARINE BIODIVERSITY

Member achieves

7

‘ACTIVE MEMBER’

STATUS, and is awarded CERTIFICATE

and provided OUTREACH MATERIALS AND TOOLKIT.

4

based on the effectiveness of controls in place to mitigate

THREAT TO THE ENVIRONMENT. Each grade and code of conduct item carries a SCORE, which is weighted by it’s threat.

CONTINUED MEMBERSHIP and promotion

DURING THE ASSESSMENT Assessors follow a robust assessment protocol which enables them to measure dive centre performance against a set criteria based on the

Green Fins Code of Conduct

Training,

Annual reduction in environmental threat shown through continued decrease in assessment scores, indicating effective environmental policy

repeated annually.

‘SUSPENDED MEMBER’STATUS

ASSESSMENT and consultation

Company is then listed on

GREEN FINS WEBSITE and

TOP 10

DIVE CENTRES

The ten dive centres with the BEST ASSESSMENT SCORES are showcased throughout the Green Fins website and network.

If, after three assessments member does not achieve reduction in overall score, continued membership is discussed with a Green Fins Assessor and may result in membership suspension.

promoted through the network.

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* Key:

ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENTS are carried out by trained Green Fins Assessors DURING A NORMAL DIVE OR SNORKEL TOUR, in an open and consultative manner

best practices for the industry and solutions to common industry threats

Green Fins Code of Conduct

6

3

is provided for all dive centre staff (including boat crew) by Green Fins on

agreeing to adhere to the

5

ENVIRONMENTAL TRAINING

YELLOW: control(s) are in place RED: control(s) are but there is room for improvement. missing or inadequate.


AFTER 1 YEAR

of implementation

• Expansion activities to cover all target sites; • Annual assessments and awareness raising activities to promote and monitor sustainable diving and snorkelling activities in active Green Fins sites;

AFTER 2 YEARS of implementation

CONSECUTIVE YEARS

• Assessment data showing ongoing improved environmental practices within the diving and snorkelling industry; • Strengthening of environmental policy and frameworks governing the tourism industry.

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THE INTERNATIONAL GREEN FINS NETWORK Green Fins National Teams are supported at the international level by UNEP and Reef-World who work in partnership to implement and develop the approach.

Green Fins Assessors are trained through the standardised Green Fins Assessor Training Programme delivered by Reef-World. These systems are employed to maintain the quality of Green Fins as the international environmental standards for diving and snorkelling. Successes and lessons learned from Green Fins are shared at multiple

Reef-World provides technical support for introduction and implementation of the approach, programme development and international expansion and promotion.

Green Fins National Teams are established to lead national implementation of activities towards environmentally responsible diving and snorkeling.

36

Green Fins Operational Handbook - National Level

levels - by national partners through national reporting, by dive centres and other companies in their sustainability or CSR reporting, and by UNEP at the global level in terms of delivery on international commitments. Green Fins is also promoted through many international and regional conservation events. Parties interested in Green Fins should contact Reef-World through this email to explore opportunities:

info@greenfins.net


GREEN FINS INTERNATIONAL NETWORK MAP

UNEP – Coral Reef Unit Advisory Institution

National Partner Institution

National Team (and Local Management Team)

National Partner Institution

National Team (and Local Management Team)

National Partner Institution

National Team (and Local Management Team)

The Reef-World Foundation Lead Technical Partner

International

National

37


THANK YOU! We hope that this guide will help you on your journey towards managing a sustainable diving and / or snorkelling industry. Your feedback and suggestions are welcome, please contact on: www.greenfins.net | info@greenfins.net If you feel like this handbook is missing something, or if you notice any mistakes, please contact via email. DONATE NOW- to help Green Fins grow

Profile for Green Fins

Green Fins National Level Operational Handbook  

This handbook provides relevant national authorities and agencies with the recommendations and tools they need for long term implementation...

Green Fins National Level Operational Handbook  

This handbook provides relevant national authorities and agencies with the recommendations and tools they need for long term implementation...

Profile for greenfins
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