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August 2017 Vol. III Issue 9

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“We are all about Home Sweet Home”

The240th Battle of Oriskany ANNIVERSARY


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Contents August 2017 THE COVER STORY

The Battle of Oriskany 5 The 40 Mile March

In My Travels Around GU Page 19

Justus H. Rathbone - Knights of Pythias

GU Coupon Pages 24 & 25 Featured Businesses Primo Pizza Page 22 Trailer Marketing Services (TMS) Page 27

Center Stage at the Stanley Page 29 Oriskany Battlefield Monument Page 30 Here was fought the Battle of Oriskany

Harold “Hal” Schumacher Page 41 A Class Act

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The Battle of Oriskany General Nicholas Herkimer Since it was first mentioned in historical text, the Herkimer name has evolved a great deal. In the mid-1700s, it was written as Herchkerimer, Harkermer, Harkemeis, Herchamer, Harchamer, Harkeman and Herkermer; however, for our story, it will be written in the form we have all come to know. The exact birth date and birthplace of Nicholas Herkimer is up for debate. Herkimer was born to Palatine German immigrants, Johan Jost Herchheimer and Anna Catherine Petrie, somewhere near German Flats (some sources say Fort Herkimer) sometime around 1728 and he was the oldest of thirteen children. Herkimer was commissioned to Lieutenant in Captain Wormwood’s company of militia on January 5th, 1758 during the French and Indian War. It was during this time that he gained crucial military experience. As a soldier, Herkimer was described as a short, slender man with bright eyes, dark hair and dark complexion. After taking sides

The 40 Mile March

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with the colonists against Britain, Herkimer was appointed to Colonel of the First battalion of the Tryon County militia in 1775. When he was called upon, General Herkimer was sent to the Tryon County Committee of Safety to represent his district. The Tryon County Committee of Safety was the majority of all men from multiple communities within the county, who would meet to discuss the political concerns of their area. The Committee was also in control of the militia of all able men ready and healthy enough to serve. In 1776, Herkimer became the Committee’s chairman, and as holder of the position, his opinion was well respected and greatly influential. On September 5th, 1776, Herkimer was appointed Brigadier General by the Provincial Congress of New York.

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WWW.GUMAGAZINE.COM Not all members of the Herkimer family shared the same political views; Nicholas’ brother, Johan Jost (named after his father), served Sir John Johnson of the Royal Greens and Nicholas’ brother-in-law was a Loyalist chief (Loyalists being American colonists who were loyal to the Crown) Royal Greens were one of the first Loyalist regiments in British Canada. The 48 year-old General Herkimer became world famous for his heroic leadership at Oriskany. – To be continued Burgoyne’s Plan General John Burgoyne was a British army officer who devised a plan to surprise attack the American soldiers. When the King of England agreed to implement the plan, he appointed Burgoyne to be its commander. As part of Burgoyne’s plan, Lt. Colonel Barry St. Leger was to make his way from Three Rivers, Quebec, Canada to Oswego, NY. Leger’s command included: his British troops, Sir John Johnson with his regiment of Royal Greens (which also included Loyalists from the Mohawk Valley), Joseph Brant; Chief of the Mohawk Indians (who was also known as Thayendanegea) and Thaonawyuthe (Seneca war chief also known to the English as either Governor Blacksnake or Chainbreaker). Together, these forces would travel from Oswego to Rome; where St. Leger was to destroy or capture Fort Schuyler. Once St. Leger was successful in the destruction or capture of the fort, he was ordered to march through the Mohawk Valley; killing and destroying everything in his path. Burgoyne’s role was to advance through the Champlain Valley and

The county boundaries looked much different in 1775 than they do today

down the upper Hudson River while General Howe lead his troops up the Hudson. Burgoyne, Howe, St. Leger and Brant, each of them confident in the plan, were set to meet in Albany

Map of Burgonyne’s Plan

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General John Burgoyne

almost simultaneously. Fort Schuyler – Fort Stanwix – Old Fort Schuyler Sometime in the spring of 1776, American Colonel Elias Dayton and his troops took on the task of rebuilding Fort Stanwix in Rome. After the fort’s completion, Dayton renamed it to Fort Schuyler in honor of General Philip Schuyler. The fort’s

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1897: Peter Hugunine’s depiction of Fort Stanwix during the Revolution.

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name would later revert back to Fort Stanwix sometime after the Battle of Oriskany. After Dayton’s renaming of Fort Stanwix, the Fort in Utica also called Fort Schuyler (built 1758) that was named after Philip’s uncle, Colonel Peter Schuyler, would be now known as Old Fort Schuyler. During the spring of 1777, Colonel Peter Gansevoort and the New York 3rd Regiment would be assigned to occupy Fort Schuyler in Rome. The Battle of Oriskany For weeks, a concerned Colonial Gansevoort had known of the advancement of St. Leger; prompting his request for assistance from the Tryon County Committee of Safety. Convinced that danger was ahead, General Herkimer made the following announcement on July 7th, 1777: “The enemy is 2,000 strong, they are at Oswego, and that every male person being in health and between 16 and 60 years of age should immediately be ready to march against them.” Herkimer sent Fredrick Sammons, a scout from Fonda, NY, to investigate a potential British invasion coming from Canada. A stress-ridden General Herkimer was forced to keep a watchful eye on the South, North and West to determine where his aid was needed most. On July 13th, Thomas Spencer (Indian of the Oneida tribe) stated in a letter that St. Leger was on his way. After receiving this news, Herkimer gathered eight hundred men; less than half the force of St. Leger. At Fort Dayton (north of the Mohawk River at West Canada Creek), Herkimer was forced to make a decision; head south to Unadilla where Brant had been in early July, or to go


to aid Fort Schuyler. After some careful thought, he chose the latter. The 40-Mile March On August 3rd, 1777, Herkimer and his men began their journey. On the 4th, they crossed the Mohawk River at Utica, reaching Whitesboro by the 5th. It was somewhere between Whitesboro and Oriskany that a group of approximately sixty Oneida Indians joined forces with Herkimer and his men. At this point, Herkimer sent a message with John Adam Helmer (resident of Herkimer) and two others to Fort Schuyler. The message stated that Herkimer

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Map of the 40-Mile March to Fort Schuyler (later renamed back to Fort Stanwix)

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was approaching and requesting aid from Colonel Gansevoort. It also stated that Herkimer and his men would wait to march forward until they heard three cannon blasts which signaled aid from Colonel Gansevoort was ready. When the signal had yet to come on the morning of August 6th, 1777, members of the Committee of Safety and Herkimer’s subordinate officers began to panic; they felt Fort Schuyler may fall and the enemy would be coming for Herkimer and his forces next. The worries of his subordinates were beginning to take on an even more aggressive tone as Herkimer continued to hasten the advance. He felt that many members of his militia were undisciplined and may not be experienced enough for what lied ahead. Herkimer felt their

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lack of skill would put them in danger without the assistance of Fort Schuyler. Based on all the noted dissatisfaction, the General finally held a meeting with his officers to explain his reluctance; he warned the men of what could happen if they continued. Herkimer attempted to reason with his officers; explaining to them that he is entrusted with the leadership and wellbeing of the soldiers, and that he felt marching on would lead to them being slaughtered aimlessly. The officers at his command refused to accept Herkimer’s pleas, some even called him a “coward” and accused him of being sympathetic to the enemy due to his brother’s loyalty to the crown. They even went as far as calling the general a “tory” (an American colonist who supported the British side during the American Revolution). Herkimer now beside himself, warned his officers “You will be the first in the face of the enemy to flee!” and then gave the order “MARCH ON!” General Herkimer’s messengers did not make it to Fort Schuyler in time, and if they had, the cannon signal would have spared the challenging of his courage and loyalty. Herkimer, perturbed by the claims made against his character, did not follow his instincts. The war-experienced general ignored his initial prognosis that moving forward would be in poor judgment and gave Colonel Peter Gansevoort the order to march on instead. What General Herkimer did not know was, just the day before on August 5th, 1777, St. Leger was warned by skillful scouts about the advancement of Americans to Fort Schuyler. St. Leger wanted Herkimer and his men out of the way, as they stood in his path to joining Burgoyne. Brant told St. Leger that Herkimer’s militia were untrained, inexperienced and traveling without lookouts (skirmishers) to warn of enemies ahead. Brant also told St. Leger that Herkimer was presently held up in Oriskany and that the route he had chosen along the Mohawk was perfect for an ambush. St. Leger made arrangements to send approximately 700 men under Sir John Johnson

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to ambush General Herkimer and his forces. Within Johnson’s fight in separate groups as a result of the ambush. One group forces were a portion of the Royal Greens and British Soldiers. of men were ordered to form a circle and fight the enemy from Also joining Johnson, were the Seneca and Mohawk Indians. all directions; the strategy worked and was being carried out Herkimer led his men for three to four miles, up and by others. The effectiveness of these groups, forced the enedown hills, on corduroy roads (roads made by placing logs my to attack with bayonets and other forms of hand-to-hand perpendicular to the direction of the path) that were concombat. After about two hours of fighting, with a vast number structed over marshes. They came upon a deep ravine about 55 to 66 yards wide running narçi4 ‘oÂĄ‘¥ Úóžž4Ă‘ oÂĄÄŽoççoÂŹÂĄ Ăš‘4Ăš 4ÄŽ4¥ç oĂš i4Ă‘4Ë“ rower to the south and broadening towards the Úç44Ă§ÉœĂŠÂŹÂĄĂ§4 ‘oÂĄ‘¥ oÂĄÄŽoç4Ăš Ä?ÂŹĂł ç Mohawk. Herkimer continued to press his forces ahead; proceeding rapidly without caution of the çÂŒ4 -ÄŽ¥çT4 ÂŹR çi4Ăš4 ‘4Ăš4 -4‘Ú˓ enemy. It was about ten in the morning when they reached the ravine and then in one surreal moment; before the direction of the sounds could be identified, Herkimer’s forces were under attack! In split seconds, Herkimer and his men were surrounded by loud pops, flashes of light and the smoke from their enemy’s rifles. Indians with painted faces armed with knives, spears and hatchets came from behind what seemed like every tree. Herkimer rallied the men that were near him as they stood back to back to fend off their enemies; they were now face to face all around the militia. The attackers had chosen their field well; there was no cover to be found anywhere for Herkimer and his men. Herkimer’s men barely stood a chance; every time they fired 1ۏ\ÂœÂŤÂłÂŠÂŠÂŠĂ– Ă?/Ă—ÂˆĂ–Ă—Ă—Ă? their rifles, they were charged by Indians who  !§Û“ ~ÂŹĂ? attacked and killed them. In other parts of the Ă?Ă— ¢§Û“Ò ambush, the slaughtering was being conducted mĂ?cĂ–vŠ gäp BĂ› with knives, clubs, rifle butts, bayonets and fists. ҖŠ§–§Š -Â?äÒ ó¿ -/ ~ÂŹĂ? ä ۏ Ă—Ăł ¢§Û“Ò The sounds from shots fired, the screaming and crying could all be heard; the blood from combat ̡Йʴ̄ ‘oÂĄ‘¥ žŒ ̡Йʴ̄ ‘oÂĄ‘¥ žŒĚ visible everywhere, making the event all the Â…5׳³Ö³ Òۏ\ÂœÂŤĂ˘ĂłĂłĂ˘Ăł â ÂłÂˆÂˆĂ?Ă— Òۏ\ÂœÂŤÂłÂŠÂłĂłÂ… more horrifying. Early on in the battle a shot was fired and passed through Herkimer’s left knee, killing his horse. While under heavy fire Dr. Petrie was also wounded but none the less managed to wrap the General’s leg. Herkimer’s men, although untrained and undisciplined, did not panic and eventually began to confront the enemy effectively. Herkimer instructed a couple of his men to remove the saddle from his horse and put it next to a nearby breech tree and he was set upon it. Now, sitting on his saddle and leaned against mˆcĂ?vˆ gäp BĂ› ҖŠ§–§Š mˆc vvŠ gäp BĂ› ҖŠ§–§Š the tree, with a battle around him, Herkimer ˆɡ̀˝ Йˑ ĂŠĂ‘ ČĄĘĽË° ̀ˆ Ě?ĘĽ Ě?Đ™ Ę‹ĘĽĘ‘Ě?É–Ëť ˆɡ̀˝ Йˑ ĂŠĂ‘ ČĄĘĽË° ̀ˆ Ě?ĘĽ Ě?Đ™ Ę‹ĘĽĘ‘Ě?É–Ëť calmly took out his pipe and lit it. With the sounds of shots going by Herkimer’s head, an adviser begged for him to seek safer ground to which the General replied, “I will face the enemy.â€? The enemy continued to close in on the men, who from the beginning, were forced to the

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of men either dead, dying or severely injured everywhere, a violent thunderstorm broke out and the enemy pulled back to seek shelter. Throughout the battle, propped against the tree, the brave and heroic General Herkimer remained and guided his men. Unlike like the enemy who set out to seek shelter from the storm, Herkimer and his men used this time to find better ground in case battle became necessary again. Herkimer chose a location for he and his men near the current site of the battlefield monument. To avoid a rush attack on his marksmen, Herkimer had his men seek cover behind trees in groups of two; a strategy that made it possible for one marksman to fire a rifle while the other reloaded. After about an hour’s time, the storm had passed over. In contrast to the beginning of the fight, the element of surprise was gone, but nonetheless, the attack was back on! It didn’t take long to see that Herkimer’s new strategy and positioning was paying off. Once a marksman got a shot off, the Senecas and Mohawks would charge, only to find there was another loaded rifle waiting in reserve. They began to hold back due to the number of casualties. This uneasiness of the Indians forced St. Leger to send a second detachment of Royal Greens to back them up. The Royal Greens sent to this battle, were men who fled Tryon County to stand with the British. These Loyalist troops, some of who were nearby neighbors of Herkimer’s men, were now enemies. The mutual hate for one another, equated to a fight to the death. The resentment between the two was so great, that once the shots were fired from their weapons, they did not attempt to reload; instead they attacked each other with whatever they had in hand; whether it was a bayonet, knife or the butt of a rifle. Many men died in the hands of their brothers in this intense battle between the Americans and the Loyalists. The fight continued for some time more and then…. The signals from Fort Schuyler that General Herkimer had been waiting for were finally heard. Colonel Marinus Willett, accompanied by approximately 250 men, began to raid the British and Indian camps. Once the enemy were warned of these raids, they began to disengage from the battle. The Royal Greens wore hats very similar to those

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sported by the Americans and so they were ordered to turn their jackets inside out to pose as relief from Fort Schuyler. The Royal Green’s coat trick was no match for the keen eye of Captain Gardiner of the militia; who pointed them out and told his men to “Fire!” After the captain’s men fired, they chased as many down as possible; in all, about 30 “turncoats” were killed and the remainder fled. The Mohawks and Senecas, heard their call for retreat and also left the fight. The remaining Tories felt as if they were deserted and left alone to fight and also quickly retreated. At about 3:00 in the afternoon, and after five hours of battle, General Herkimer, the Tryon County Militia and the Oneidas were the only remaining forces on the field at Oriskany. The panoramic view of the field’s surroundings offered

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only the dead and wounded; men who fought with all their strength, with everything from the weapons they carried, to the teeth in their mouth. The able-bodied men wasted no time putting together litters (stretchers) made of saplings, branches, blankets or whatever else that would suffice to transport their wounded from the battlefield. Many of the men who transported the injured from the field were wounded themselves. The injured were either dragged or carried on their litters; those not strong enough to carry, carried themselves. It was here at Oriskany that the militia and the Oneidas fought and died side by side.

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WWW.GUMAGAZINE.COM An excerpt from The Pennsylvania Journal & Weekly Advertiser describes the role of one Oneida Indian family in the battle: “… a friendly Indian, with his wife and son, who distinguished themselves remarkably on that occasion. The Indian killed nine of the enemy, when, having received a ball through his wrist that disabled him from using his gun, fought with his tomahawk. His son killed two and his wife, on horseback, fought by his side with pistols during the whole action.” These Oneidas were known as Han Yerry (Tewahangarahken), his wife Tyonajanegen and their Cornelius Most of the men spent that night at Old Fort Schuyler (Utica); General Herkimer was transported by boat to Fort Herkimer which was on the north side of the Mohawk River (Herkimer, NY). Although the actual number of those killed in the battle has been debated, most claim Herkimer lost somewhere between 25% to 50% of his command. Approximately 250 – 350 were killed between Herkimer’s men and the Oneida Indians, but an accurate number is argued by both sides; St. Leger claimed the Americans and Oneidas suffered 400 total losses. The casualties on the other side were only a fraction in comparison; some historical information claims less than 7 British lost their lives and the hardest hit of the ambushers were the Seneca and Mohawk Indians with up to 65 casualties. Other historical data claims that up to 35 Royal Greens suffered death in the battle. So, who was the victor? St. Leger claimed to be the victor which may have been true if we were counting casualties; however, whose forces gave up and retreated from the battlefield? St. Leger’s claimed victory may also be true due to the fact that Herkimer and his men never made it to Fort Schuyler, but it has been said by many, that the Mohawk and Seneca Indians became discouraged because of the number of their losses at Oriskany. The loss of many Mohawk and Seneca Indian chiefs and warriors lead to their low morale and lessened their motivation to partake in future confrontations. They also became aware that they, as opposed to the British, would be taking on the brunt

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of the Battle at Oriskany and the greater loss of life. Their lack of the participation from that point forward was, in many people’s eyes, the reason for St Leger’s withdrawal from Fort Schuyler on August 22nd, 1777; making General Herkimer and his men the victor. The heroism of the countless acts carried out by the militia and Oneida Indians not mentioned in my account, warrant a book with countless pages. This book of heroism would be warranted from the starting point of the 40-mile march, to St. Leger’s retreat from Fort Schuyler. General Herkimer’s Residence

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General Herkimer Continued General Herkimer’s last command was in the Battle of Oriskany; where he suffered a gunshot wound to his leg. As the bullet passed through Herkimer’s knee and went into his horse, the horse fell on the general’s leg, shattering it completely. About ten days after the battle, it was recommended to Herkimer that his leg be amputated by a French surgeon in General Benedict Arnold’s army. After the surgery (performed in Herkimer’s home), Colonel Willett visited General Herkimer, who was sitting up in his bed, smoking his pipe in excellent spirits. Due to the surgeon’s inexperience, the amputation was incompetently done and as a result, Herkimer’s bleeding could not be controlled. When it became obvious to Herkimer he would not survive from his surgery, he asked for his bible and read aloud. Here lied General Herkimer, who just ten days prior,


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was taunted by his militia and called a “coward” and a “tory”; who proved otherwise by saying “March on!”. This was the General Herkimer that, while sitting against a tree with bullets whizzing by his head, ignored his advisers’ pleas to take cover; who while commanding his man, replied to them “I will face the enemy!”. The General Herkimer who gave his heroic life in the name of “American freedom” at the Battle of Oriskany, died on August 16th, 1777. I dedicate this story to General Herkimer, the Tryon County militia and Oneida Indians for their bravery and sacrifices on August 6th, 1777.

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In My Travels Around

Greater Utica

A visionary is one who is inspired by visions. Visions are ideas perceived vividly in the imagination. One might describe a visionary as one having imaginative insight, or statesmanlike foresight. One could also describe a visionary as one who “sees” a better path for mankind to follow. Many of us entertain ideas about ways to make this a less volatile, vitriolic, or confrontational world. Justus H. Rathbone was one who imagined a more benevolent posture for people to embrace. Rathbone of Utica, NY did something to give life to his vision. He brought his idea into reality with the founding of a fraternal order of brotherhood. He had a life-journey through several disciplines including: teaching school in Michigan, citizen nurse in a U.S. hospital in Pennsylvania and various government positions moving to Washington, D.C. in 1863 where he obtained a clerk position with the government. During the contentious years of the Civil War, while a teacher in a one-room schoolhouse in Eagle Harbor, Michigan, Rathbone read a play, written by Irish playwright John Banim, about the legend of a loyal friendship. The legend illustrates the ideals of loyalty, honor and friendship. The play was a Greek legend about two friends, Pythias and Damon. Pythias was convicted of plotting against the king of Syracuse, Sicily and sentenced to death. He was granted a request to have time to travel back home and bid his family goodbye if his friend Damon would take his place in jail and

19 GREATER UTICA MAGAZINE - August 2017

Justus H. Rathbone

The Knights of Pythias by Joe Bottini Oneida County Historian be executed in the event Pythias did not return by a given date. On the appointed day, Pythias had not returned and Damon was being prepared for execution. Just as the executioner was about to kill Damon, Pythias arrived. The king was so impressed he freed both friends and sought to become their third friend. “No man hath greater love than to lay down his life for a friend.” The former teacher inspired by the ideals in the legend described in the play propelled into action. In February 1864, Rathbone then a government clerk in the United States Treasury Department founded the fraternal organization, The Knights of Pythias. It is recorded that President Abraham Lincoln, made aware of the rituals and tenants of the organization said: “ The purposes of your organization are most wonderful. If we could but bring its spirit to all our citizenry, what a wonderful thing it would be.” Of course, his interest was the upholding of government, honoring the flag and reuniting people of the North and the South during the turbulent times of the Civil War. It was a suggestion from President Lincoln: . . . “you go to Congress of the United States and ask for a charter, and so organize on a great scale throughout this nation, and disseminate this wonderful work that you have so nobly started.” He then assured them he would do all in his power to assist them in their application. The founders of this group took the president’s suggestion and made application for a charter. The Knights of Pythias


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was the first fraternal organization to receive a charter under an act of the United States Congress. The Fraternal Order of Knights of Pythias members are dedicated to the cause of universal peace. They are pledged to the promotion of understanding among men of good will as the sourest means of attaining Universal Peace. The fraternal order of The Knights of Pythias has a three pronged support: Friendship, Charity and Benevolence. Begun by a group of three clerks, it soon accepted members of all occupations and grew to a high of over 200,000 members in the United States and Canada. This first small group of members took the vows of the new order with their hands placed upon a pocket Bible that had been given to Mr. Rathbone by his mother. That Bible became a treasured relic of the organization. The order does not seek to shape any man’s creed, but Pythianism is the practical application of charitable principles to every day life. The heritage of the Knight of Pythias makes members proud and their precepts and teachings lead men to higher ideals and a more noble style of living. It is this magnanimous goal of civility among citizens promoted by the Order that makes it unique and valuable in a community. Utica Knights of Pythias Lodge 290 was formed in Utica in 1927. In a conversation with Dana Roecker, a long-standing Pythian, I learned of an early activity in the Utica lodge. To finance its many charitable works, the Order ran a Bingo Game. The money earned form the bingo games financially supported local food pantries as well as the support for sending many youngsters to a two-week summer camp. The games were early managed by Mike Wynn with his son, Steve Winn, tagging along and learning the business. This gives Utica a connection to the vast successful gaming entrepreneurship of Steve Wynn of Las Vegas. In 1898, the Knights of Pythias raised $12,000 and erected a huge monument at the gravesite of Rathbone in New Forest Cemetery. Pythians from all over the United States arrived in Utica for the dedication. Imagine the sight of 5,000 men in full regalia marching up Genesee Street to Oneida Street from Union Station to Justus Rathbone’s final resting place.

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Roecker, I asked, “What is the one thing that stands out about the fraternal order?” He said, “The noble tenet for the basis of the organization is profound. The Knights of Pythias motto is vividly proclaimed on a historical marker on Oneida Street and Providing Providing direct care and support services across the direct care and support Providing direct care and support services across the Greaterservices Utica area for individuals with mental health Master Garden Road.” I drove over to read it and felt in consort across the Greater Utica area and substanceUtica abusearea issues. for individuals with mental health Greater for individuals with mental health and with Dana’s opinion. It read: and substance abuse issues.

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contemplated it. Thinking about it and the precepts of Biblical scripture, I made a renewed promise to myself to make them my everyday responsibility. At one time, there were upwards of 500 members in the local lodge. By the end of what was called the “Golden Age of Fraternalism” in the 1920s, there were nearly a million members nationwide. By 1979, this number dwindled to about 200,000. Presently, the Utica lodge is approximately 50-60 members. Dave Lowitz, an active Pythian with many years of service spoke to the many charities the local chapter supports from time-to-time including: a camp for youth in the Adirondacks, The Neighborhood Center, Resource Center for Independent Living, Hope House. A national commitment was made to promote research and education in Cystic Fibrosis. Not engaged in hosting Bingo Games for revenue as in many years past, a golf tournament has taken its place as a


WWW.GUMAGAZINE.COM Forest Cemetery directly across Master Garden Road from Forest Hill Cemetery. The monument is toped with a statue of Rathbone and on a lower triangular-level surrounded by three statues depicting Pythias and Damon on the south side, a statue of Pythias, wife and children on the west side and a statue of a solider on the east side. Of two accounts, one describes Pythias as a military man and Damon being a schoolmaster-scholar and the other reversing the roles. A granite retaining wall surrounding the monument; pavers with the names of members who made donations, two sets of stairs that lead up to the monument and landscaping were completed for the rededication. In front of the monument are the marked graves of Justus and Emma Sanger Rathbone.

Eagle Harbor Schoolhouse - constructed in 1853 -Justus H. Rathbone was schoolmaster here - Circa 1860.

fundraiser headed by Chancellor Commander Peter Carchedi of the local Utica Chapter. As is the case with other fraternal organizations involved in charity activities, the Pythians have engaged in their efforts for many years on a very low-key basis, giving evidence of quietly living out the dream of its founder in benefiting others and the community. The Utica chapter was the first to start a fund for World War I veterans, first to buy Liberty Bonds and first to have a president in its ranks President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936. In 1999, Utica played host to about 75 members, including members of its ladies auxiliary, in rededicating the fifty-foot monument to Justus Rathbone that is located in New

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Justus H. Rathbone was born on October 29, 1839 in Deerfield, New York. He graduated from Colgate University and attended Carlisle Seminary. A versatile man, he was a music composer and actor. In 1862, he married Emma Louisa Sanger of Utica. He came to his final resting place here in Utica in 1889. Perhaps, as Justus Rathbone (statue) looks down upon the Mohawk Valley from its high perch atop a monument itself placed on a high hill, it will be treated to a view of brotherhood only dreamed about in 1864. As I conclude this piece, I just thought of the benefit that would be realized if each person reading this takes the effort to go to the NE corner of Oneida Street and Master Garden Road and feel moved by the same experience I received upon my visit and subsequent contemplation. Be encouraged by pride in that Utica is home to such a benevolent organization founded by a Utican and a recorded history of being the first to lead America in many endeavors of good will and patriotism for over one hundred and fifty years.

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In the early 1970s, Frank Zogby was just a seven-year-old kid sitting in the dining room of his parents’ Schuyler restaurant, Zogby’s Steakhouse. Day after day, his parents spent their lives in that establishment; cooking and serving customers with their personable nature. Good food and hospitality were signatures of Zogby’s and although Frank may have been too young to learn a recipe, he inherited his parents’ friendly, hardworking qualities. Even though he spent a great deal of time in Zogby’s as a kid, Frank did not truly know what his calling was until later on in life. Things did become clear to him, however, at a pretty young age. Growing up in East Utica, Frank, like most Greater Uticans, was a regular customer at a number of pizzerias in the area. There were not as many as there are today, but he still respected the fact that each of them had their own style and taste. Frank says he was about fifteen-years-old when he realized his dream was to own a pizzeria that was different from them all. By the time he was twenty-one, Frank was a married man and was given the chance to achieve his dream a little quicker than even he had imagined. Frank, along with his friend, Tom, decided they would set up shop in Frankfort with a pizzeria of their own. FAT’s Pizzeria (acronym for Frank and Tom’s) was opened in 1986 by two young kids without a day of ownership experience. The lack of tenure mattered very little as the product was well-received in the valley and things were moving very quickly. After two years in business together, Tom decided to sell his interest in the pizzeria to Frank, making him the sole owner. Frank jokes that making pizza was “one of the few” things he was good at, but nevertheless, he decided to sell FAT’s in 1996 after ten years in business. Frank then attempted to find his way in the job market until 1998 when he was hired by Casa Imports, where he sold various food products to restaurants, pizzerias, grocery stores and other businesses. During his time at Casa, Frank never let go completely of his dream and was waiting for the right circumstance to come along. In 2008, after a decade of working for the food distributor, Frank decided it was time get back into the pizza game and opened Primo Pizzeria (also known as Primo at the Kettle) in a vacant space connected to the Spaghetti Kettle in Clinton. In the beginning, his son, Frank Jr., helped get things under way and Frank is quick to point out that without the support of his wife and kids, Primo would not be possible. No stranger to the pizza business, Frank had a vision for what his product would be and has stuck to his guns ever since. Primo may be a small location, but the food is very impressive to say the least and certainly worthy of a car ride from anywhere in the area. One of Frank’s primary goals for the Primo menu was to diversify the product line as much as possible while maintaining high quality in all facets. He has accomplished this feat in three of the most significant styles of pizza; New York-style, upside down and margarita. Knowing that there is a lot of stiff competition out there, Frank has come up with own signature twist on each of those types of pizza. We are not sure exactly how he does it as he refused to give us his secret! Of course, he also offers other products that are staples of any pizzeria including: appetizers, subs and chicken wings. The preparation of the wings is particularly significant to Frank as he told us he works hard to ensure they are not over-saturated and shaken with just the right amount of sauce. There are a number of specialty pizzas at Primo that are common in our area including chicken wing, barbecue chicken, Philly steak and chicken-bacon-ranch, but Frank also offers some signatures that may be a little tougher to come by. These include; lasagna pizza (upside down with pepperoni, sausage and ricotta), chicken wing with everything sauce and Frank’s signature Primo Margarita (ricotta, garlic, basil, pepper and spinach). With a 24-hour notice, they will even prepare Sicilian -style pizza as well as tomato pie. Primo also bakes a variety of rolls including; sausage, spinach, antipasto, greens, sausage & greens and Stromboli. Frank knows that trying a new pizza place seems risky to some people and so he encourages customers, both new and old, to give Primo a shot with their Thursday special (two pizzas for $16.95). Grab a New York-style and an upside down to get the best of both worlds and see what Primo has to offer. If not Thursday, come any other day as there is always a special on the menu and Frank will be there to make it for you personally. For more info call 315-381-3231, check out their Facebook page or website (PrimoPizzeria1.com) or visit Frank and the staff at 7756 State Route 5 in Clinton.

22 GREATER UTICA MAGAZINE - August 2017


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Utica

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When running a family business that has spanned across multiple generations, there are a number of difficult tasks the owner must take on. When an individual assumes control of the business from an elder family member, there can be a lot of pressure to perform. It is important to them that they maintain the same values and principles as that has been the lifeblood of the company. At the same time, they have to make certain changes to make the business their own while helping it evolve as time moves forward. Their dream is to take the family’s original vision and turn it into something even greater than imagined. Brent Moyer was a man who prided himself greatly on being an entrepreneur. For years, Brent was involved in several different ventures as a business owner before stumbling across what seemed like an unlikely career choice. On the recommendation of his cousin, Brent decided to start Trailer Marketing Services, Inc., a seller of enclosed and custom trailers to clients throughout Central New York. It was not long before Brent’s new business became successful and drew the attention of a major trailer manufacturer, Bri-Mar (now known as BWise Manufacturing: makers of BWise and Bri-Mar Trailers). In 1995, Bri-Mar made Brent their Regional Sales Representative and Trailer Marketing Services, Inc. was the largest regional sales office in the entire Northeast. Over the next seventeen years, Brent continued to build upon and solidify Trailer Marketing Service’s strong performance and reputation. After starting the business in Barneveld, the company moved to Washington Mills then Franklin Springs before settling on Route 233 in Westmoreland. Unfortunately, in 2012, Brent became ill and was diagnosed with cancer. Less than a year after the diagnosis, Brent passed away, leaving the TMS legacy to be carried on by his family. After Brent’s passing, his wife assumed ownership before selling the business to their son, Jeff and his wife Molly. Jeff originally joined his dad at TMS in 2010, with Molly joining the team a year later. Jeff and Molly have worked tirelessly over the past four years to keep TMS’s name among the top trailer sales companies in Central New York but have made some big changes that have benefited the business. Originally, Trailer Marketing Services was mainly a wholesale distributor of Bri-Mar and BWise trailers to dealerships in the northeast. Jeff and Molly made the decision to expand retail sales and now have more than three times the inventory the business had when they first took over. Today, Trailer Marketing Services carries over fifty trailers in-stock at their location, while remaining the strongest Bri-Mar and BWise distributor in the region. Just a couple years ago, Jeff and Molly decided it was time for another major change that would give them a fresh start. They decided to sell the original building and moved down Route 233 to their current location in Clinton with a smaller staff and a new beginning. The move has proven to be beneficial both financially and emotionally as the couple welcomed their first child, Jack, into the world seven months ago. On any given day, customers will be greeted by Jeff, Molly and the “future CEO” Jack when they step through the doors of TMS. On top of the warm, family-like feeling that comes with a visit to TMS, Jeff and Molly’s experience in their line of business as well as the corporate world make for a well-oiled machine. They not only possess a great level of knowledge in the field but strive to maintain TMS’s honest and forthcoming reputation. As Jeff says, “you have to sleep at night knowing the customer is taken care of.” There is no such thing as a onetime customer in his eyes, which is why he and Molly are always willing to sacrifice a few dollars to earn repeat business. With all five-star ratings on Google, it is clear that TMS customers leave the shop satisfied. Included in TMS’s retail inventory are parts and trailers made by Integrity, Bravo and Alcom Cargo Pro who make such products as tool crib trailers, car haulers, cargo trailers, snowmobile trailers, contractor trailers and much more. Dealers can also stop by and check out the Bri-Mar and BWise displays on the premises and get referrals to dealers and service departments that work closely with TMS. It is very important to Jeff and Molly that customers always feel secure with doing business at TMS, which is why Jeff is always accessible by cell phone during and after business hours (315-527-7380). It is the Moyers’ wish to make Brent proud everyday by providing customers with ethical and efficient service as he always did. For more information on Trailer Marketing Services, Inc., go to TrailerMarketingServices.com, visit them on Facebook or call them at 315-859-1541. Customers are welcome to visit their lot located at 4560 Route 233 in Clinton.

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With Jerry Kraus The Stanley Theater Renovation Project: from 2007 to today! What a difference 10 years makes! When The Stanley Theater underwent a $20+ million renovation back in 2007, one of the projects involved remodeling the entire stage area and building a brand new loading ramp area and loading dock with two oversized overhead doors to provide easy access to trucks and equipment that came in with the touring shows equipment. Whether it was a big concert act or a Broadway tour, in ‘the old days’, all of the equipment was brought in through a garage door sized opening on the street level, which was actually high above the Stanley stage! You can see by the Stanley scrapbook photos, this involved tedious and painstaking loading and unloading, using ropes and pulleys. Plus, many of the big tours wouldn’t fit the previous stage dimensions, and bypassed us altogether. With the remodeling project, we can bring in just about any show now and present it to the Central New York Community. That 2007 project also included a state of the art rebuilding of the stage with new sound and lighting, event facilities, new dressing rooms backstage, and we added a catering kitchen, laundry room, elevators, meeting rooms and expanded areas in the south wing, on the first and second floors. The beautiful, one-of-a-kind and majestic chandelier was crafted locally by Meyda Lighting of Yorkville and the electronic Stanley marquee on Genesee Street was also updated. The work started in March of 2007, after a concert headlined by Wynton Marsalis and the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra. After just over a year of hard work, The Stanley Theater reopened in April of 2008. Thanks to our very generous community, The Stanley Theater remains alive and continues to create wonderful memories to everyone who comes in for an event or performance. We are enjoying a very dynamic and diverse 89th year here at The Stanley and plans are already underway for a 90th Anniversary Gala next year! Make plans to come in for a show or event soon and we’ll see you at The Stanley! Coming up at The Stanley: Saturday August 5th from Noon-3pm: The Stanley’s Family Food Truck Festival with food and music in the City of Utica parking lot next door plus free theater tours and fun for the whole family! Friday August 11th at 7pm: The Stanley’s ‘Summer on Stage’ – Youth Theater Cabaret!- Free for 18 and under, $5.00 for adults. Sunday August 13th- Noon‘Swing with The Stanley’Annual Golf Outing Fundraiser at Hidden Valley in Whitesboro. Monday August 28th- September 24th: Broadway Utica presents ‘Love Never Dies’ – Rehearsals and performances.

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Oriskany Battlefield Monument Picture Courtesy of the Oneida County History Center Colored by Carl Saporito

Soon after learning about the conflict in Oriskany and the death of General Herkimer, the Continental Congress unanimously passed the following resolution:

October 4th, 1777 “Resolved that the Governor and the Council of New York be desired to erect a monument at Continental expense, of the value of $500, to the memory of the late Brigadier General Herkimer who commanded the militia of Tryon County, in the State of New York, and was killed fighting gallantly in defense of the liberties of these States” During this time, the Continental Congress made many similar resolutions for monuments, but carrying out each project was simply not feasible from a financial standpoint. On top of their monetary concerns, the war was still waging and the Mohawk Valley’s people were experiencing devastation. Most all members of the Tryon County Commit-

30 GREATER UTICA MAGAZINE - August 2017

“Here Was Fought The Battle Of Oriskany” By Brad Velardi & Dominick Velardi tee of Safety were either in prison or dead, leaving the people of the area open to continuous suffering. After seven years of border warfare, the monument was no longer a priority and the resolution made by congress was forgotten for fifty years.

Sometime around 1827 While traveling up and down the Mohawk Valley, gathering authentic history for his book “Annals of Tryon County” (published 1831), Judge William W. Campbell of Cherry Valley made a very interesting discovery. Major John Frey, the last chairman of the Tryon County Committee of Safety, was still alive, and in the Major’s attic, Campbell found an old corn basket filled with papers. One such paper in the basket was an original resolution of congress along with an annual letter written by Governor DeWitt Clinton. In the letter, the Governor stated to the Legislature that the semi-centennial of the Battle of Oriskany was near, and a memorial had been long-neglected. The governor also said that the Centennial


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resolution honoring General Herkimer should be carried out and the memorial should be erected. A committee was appointed and the resolution was passed by the senate but it failed in the lower house. In the next and last annual letter by Governor Clinton, he again brought to the attention of the LegislaJudge William W. Campbell tor the subject of the monument. Another special committee was appointed for this new bill for the erection of a monument and again it failed. The issue of the monument went unmentioned again for another 20 years.

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In 1846 Judge Campbell was elected as a member of the 29th congress from New York City (obsolete), and strongly pursued a redemption of the resolution by the Continental Congress of 1777. Campbell called upon the New York Historical Society, who sent a petition to Washington to make good on the original resolution. Judge Campbell presented the petition to the committee and received unanimous approval for four times the original amount. Campbell’s heartfelt dream for a monument finally seemed within reach but the bill was finally put to rest when it failed yet another time. During this time, America was in another war (with Mexico) and the idea for a monument would not be discussed for another thirty years. With the centennial anniversary near, a series of Revolutionary history festivities were planned to take place, with the first in Kingston, New York. The birth of the Empire State would also be celebrated in other nearby places including: Oriskany, Bemis Heights, Saratoga, Cherry Valley, Elmira and

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Newburgh. In 1876, the Oneida Historical Society was formed, and their first project was to organize the centennial celebration of the Battle of Oriskany. The society held a meeting on the battlefield in the spring of 1877, where they planned the celebration; that day, the society’s leader, Horatio Seymour reintroduced the idea for the erection of a monument commemorating those who fought in the battle. He said:

Horatio Seymour

“Let us see that the graves of dead patriots are marked by monuments. Let suitable structures tell the citizens of other states and countries, when they pass along our thoroughfares, where its great events were enacted...”

The Centennial Celebration “This generation can pay no better tribute to the pioneers of the Mohawk Valley, than to rescue from oblivion the true import of the deeds they did.” – Memorial of the Centennial Celebration of the Battle of Oriskany - August 6, 1877 The centennial celebration was set to take place at the exact location as the Oriskany Battle . It was said that the event drew a larger number of people than any other held in central New York. The weather was perfect on August 6th, 1877, there was not one cloud in sight and the temperature was comfortable. The day started with a salute fired from the battlefield. Throughout the day, people traveled by the thousands to Utica and Rome on their way to Oriskany; some on foot, others by

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horse, wagon, carriages, boat, steamers and train. There were so many Mohawk Valley residents in attendance, that the landscape was brown from the people covered in dust from their travels. The arrival of people continued after the sun went down and it was estimated that up to 75,000 people attended the ceremony. Representatives of the Mohawk Valley from military, veterans, the Oneida Indians, police departments, fire departments, descendants of the battle, politicians, clergy and bands were all present for this celebration. There were countless participants surrounding almost the entire outside area of the battlefield awaiting the signal to perform their part in the ceremony; some were in the area of Cider St., others were at nearby farms. Many of the participants from the military and

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public safety were mounted on horses, while others were carrying their arms or instruments. The amphitheater on-site had a view of most all the grounds; there were tents and stands set up throughout the celebration. Prayer and a number of speeches were conducted as well as readings of letters from relevant people who were Spyder RT unable to attend the services.

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battlefield. The Society also began planning the erection of a monument in memory of General Herkimer and Spyder his compatriIt's time to grip the throttle, put more freedom in your day and find your own way forward. When F3 you are out on a Can-Am Spyder, you will meet new people, see new horizons and experience the ots. used to buy the property and build the monuIt's time to grip the throttle, put more freedom in your dayVISIT and find your ownThe wayfunds forward. When US TODAY world around you like never before. With its powerful Rotax 1330 ACE™ engine, Y-frame design, DISCOVER YOUR youStability are out Can-Am youin total willpeace meet new people, see new horizons and experience ment came by way ofthe an appropriation from congress and priVehicle Systemon and a cargo capacity youSpyder, can hit the road of mind. DISCOVER YOUR you like never before. With its powerful Rotax® 1330 ACE™ engine, Y-frame design, NEXT world ADVENTURE. around vate donations of several thousands of dollars including many NEXT ADVENTURE. OVEROPEN YOUR YOUR ROAD Vehicle Stability System and cargo capacity you can hit the road in total peace of mind. ADVENTURE. Spyder F3 Spyder RT separate one-dollar contributions from local residents. State It's time to grip the throttle, put more freedom in your dayVISIT and find own way forward. When USyour TODAY OPEN YOUR ROAD aid of an additional $3,000 was also appropriated by legislature you are out on a Can-Am Spyder, you will meet new people, see new horizons and experience the grip the throttle, put more freedom in your day and find your own way forward. When DISCOVER YOUR t on a Can-Am Spyder, you people, see new horizons and ACE™ experience engine,the Y-frame design, world around youwill likemeet nevernew before. With its powerful Rotax 1330 NEXT ADVENTURE. and would be released whenever the Historical Society could 1330 ACE™ engine, Y-frame design, nd you like never before. With its powerful Rotax Dealer Imprint Goes Here Vehicle Stability System and cargo capacity you can hit the road in total peace of mind. OVER YOUR VISIT US TODAY bility System and cargo capacity you can hit the road in total peace of mind. T ADVENTURE. prove they had raised an equal amount from outside sources. OPEN YOUR ROAD R ROAD Spyder F3 2100 Oriskany St W. Dealer Imprint Goes Here In all, the monument committee had $10,100. Along with the Spyder F3-T VISIT US TODAY Dealer Imprint Goes Here NY 13502 Utica, monetary donation, in 1882, the state provided a quantity of Spyder F3-T 2100 2100 Oriskany St. W. • Utica, York New York Oriskany St. W.New• cremation Utica, limestone to be pulled from the Erie Canal weigh lock in Utica. We are a Dealer inexpensive Nationwide service Imprint Goes Here 315-792-4660 • Goes www.ddsmotorsports.com Dealerprovider Imprint Goes Here Dealer Imprint Here When the donations were secured, the monument offering low cost Direct cremations burials with 315-792-4660 •New www.ddsmotorsports.com Dealer Imprint Goes Here and or Direct Spyder F3-T 2100 Oriskany St. W.Products • Utica, York WWW.DDSMOTORSPORTS.COM basic services beginning atInc.$0 - $895.00 on or are trademarks 2016 Bombardier Recreational (BRP). All rights depending reserved. , ™ and theyou BRP logo ofbecame BRP or its affiliates. †All other property their respective project a reality andtrademarks four to are fivetheacres ofofland were purowners. Always rideones responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and approyour loved financial posture. Three generation Funeral 315-792-4660 •And www.ddsmotorsports.com Dealer Imprint Goes Here priate protective clothing. always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, chased from Mr. William Ringrose to ensure the monument models or equipment without incurringfor obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance may vary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding Service helping families 100 years. ability and rider/passenger weight. park lied on the actual battlefield. Located on a knoll at the highest point of ground in the neighborhood, it looked over 2016 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. , ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Always ride responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local and regulations. a helmet, eye Central protection andRailroad. approthelaws Erie Canal Always and wear New York A wounded priate protective clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance may vary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding ability and rider/passenger weight. General Herkimer directed battle just fifty feet west of where the monument would be built. Highly respected, experienced craftsman would be called upon to complete the work; there Make your Event even more special! would be no corner-cutting when executing this dedication to We make Cakes, Cookies, Pastries & much more for any occassion! some of the bravest men this nation has ever seen. The original vision for the monument was a bronze statue of General Herkimer resting upon a tall column, but a different design, a monumental obelisk, was ultimately chosen. Mr. William Jones, a master mason from Utica, built the monument’s foundation, which stood 105 feet above the water of the Erie Canal. The base of the foundation is 24 feet 4 inches OPEN YOUR ROAD

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2016 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Always ride responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and appropriate protective clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance may vary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding © and rider/passenger weight. ® ability © ®

©

2016 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. , ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Always ride responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and appropriate protective clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance mayofvary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding Recreational their respective ability andFollow rider/passenger weight. de responsibly and safely. all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and appro© 2016 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Always ride responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and appropriate protective clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, models or equipment without incurring obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance may vary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding ability and rider/passenger weight. Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property

clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves the right, at any time, to discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, ment without incurring obligation. Some models depicted may include optional equipment. Vehicle performance may vary depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding assenger weight. ©

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2016 Bombardier Recreational Products Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logo are trademarks of BRP or its affiliates. †All other trademarks are the property of their respective

r Recreational Productsowners. Inc. (BRP). All rights reserved. ®, ™ and the BRP logoall are trademarks and of BRP or its affiliates.Always †All other trademarks are the property of their respective Always ride responsibly and safely. Follow instructional safety materials. observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and approide responsibly and safely. Follow all instructional and safety materials. Always observe applicable local laws and regulations. Always wear a helmet, eye protection and appropriate protective clothing. And alwaysdon’t remember thatreserves riding and alcohol/drugs don’t mix. BRP reserves thespecifications, right, at any time, discontinue or change specifications, prices, designs, features, clothing. And always remember that riding and alcohol/drugs mix. BRP the right, at any time, to discontinue or change prices,todesigns, features, © ® ment without incurring obligation. models depicted may include optional equipment. performance may vary depending on Vehicle weather,performance temperature,may altitude, models or Some equipment without incurring obligation. Some models Vehicle depicted may include optional equipment. varyriding depending on weather, temperature, altitude, riding passenger weight.

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square, the top is 20 feet 2 inches square laid in cement poured 13 feet into the ground. The foundation as well as the backing of the pedestal is made from the donated limestone from the Erie Canal. Just above the foundation is a granite pedestal that is 19 feet high with a base measured at 20 feet square and is 8 feet 3 inches at the top. It was made of granite from Mount Waldo Granite Company of Maine. Resting on the pedestal is the famous 66-foot obelisk; the work of Mr. Alexander Pirnie of Remsen, who was responsible for all masonry work above the foundation. Bronze tablets 6 feet wide and 4 ½ feet high were placed on each of the four sides of the pedestal and were carried on by Judge Maurice J. Power. One of the tablets reads a dedication written by Dr. Edward North of Hamilton College: HERE WAS FOUGHT THE BATTLE OF ORISKANY, ON THE 6TH DAY OF AUGUST, 1777 HERE BRITISH INVASION WAS CHECKED AND THWARTED.

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HERE GENERAL NICHOLAS HERKIMER, INTREPID LEADER OF THE AMERICAN FORCES, THOUGH MORTALLY WOUNDED KEPT COMMAND OF THE FIGHT TILL THE ENEMY HAD FLED. THE LIFE-BLOOD OF MORE THAN TWO HUNDRED PATRIOT HEROES MADE THIS BATTLE GROUND SACRED FOREVER. THIS MONUMENT WAS BUILT A. D. 1883, IN THE YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE 107, BY GRATEFUL DWELLERS IN THE MOHAWK VALLEY, UNDER THE DIRECTION

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OF THE ONEIDA HISTORICAL SOCIETY AIDED BY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND THE STATE OF NEW YORK. The second and third tablets are bass-reliefs, designed by J.R. Donovan of New York City that depict two separate scenes related to the battle. On one, we see General Herkimer seated on the ground with his wounded left leg exposed and bandaged. With his pipe in his right hand, he raises his left and points to the direction of the enemy, giving commands to the young aide standing at his side. The scene, while it is created using the artist’s imagination, is without a doubt the most recognizable of all depictions of the Battle of Oriskany. The other bass-relief shows a German-American and Native-American engaging in hand-to-hand combat with the former pressing his bayonet into the chest of the latter. One foot of each subject lies on a dead soldier fighting for the British government. The fourth tablet contains the names of 250 out of the 800 participants in the battle. The militia that Herkimer put together was done in a hurried fashion and records of the names were not taken well; as a result, the missing names could not be retrieved. The battle was held so far from civilization that many of the participants are unknown and only through intense research were they able to accumulate the 250 attainable names. The sad fact is the majority of these men died nameless, but this incredible monument forces each of its viewers to acknowledge the courageous acts of each individual who fought for our freedom.

Dedication Day – August 6th, 1884

It was a sunny, vibrant day in the Mohawk Valley as the many crowds made their way to the green grass on the monument park. Trains from the east and west made a special stop near the Erie Canal; below where the monument was located. Passengers left the train and made their way to the north bank of the canal by foot and crossed the water via canal scow, which acted as a bridge. They then walked up to the monument site, buying refreshments from various church groups and searched for a spot in the shade. It was the perfect day; the summer sun was shining, but a refreshing breeze made its way through the park. The proceedings began at the north side of the monu-

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Scene during the 145th anniversary of the Battle of Oriskany, Sunday, August 6, 1922 - Picture Courtesy of the Oneida County History Center

ment with two American flags draped above the tablet containing the battle roster with bouquets of flowers decorating the table on the platform. Horatio Seymour’s poor health left him unable to attend the festivities and so the Society’s vice president, Ellis H. Roberts called the event to order. The Utica Maennerchor launched the celebration with the singing of “It is the Lord’s Own Day” and a prayer was led by Dr. James H. Taylor of Rome. Roberts introduced John F. Seymour (Horatio’s brother) who delivered an address to the crowd. According to one account describing the day’s events, Roberts said that John Seymour had, “labored with zeal, persistence and discretion, and to whom more than to any other single person, the credit is due for the finished work.” Several speeches were made including stories of the bravery of the fine men who fought in the

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Battle of Oriskany. About 70 years before this dedication took place, a poem written by Francis Scott Key would provide the lyrics for “The Star-Spangled Banner”. Its inspiration derived from Key’s witnessing of events during the Battle of Baltimore in the War of 1812. He was moved by the sight of the American flag flying above the fort as the Americans won the battle. Closing out the dedication of the Oriskany Monument, William Spruce sang those lyrics with his voice ringing through the same fields where the blood of many patriots was shed in victory. From that day forward, it was made abundantly clear to those who stepped foot on that sacred ground: “Here was fought the Battle of Oriskany”

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Hal Schumacher A Class Act

II era. On October 8th, 1903, Andrew Schumacher (Hal’s father), a German immigrant, arrived in New York City, later moving to Hinkley, NY and living with his brother, Nicholas. His wife, Margaret (married 1888) arrived nearly two years later on June 20th, 1905 with their six children. On November 23rd, 1910, Harold Henry “Hal” Schumacher was born in Hinckley and was the youngest of Andrew and Margaret’s nine children. In 1908, Andrew moved to Dolgeville, NY by himself in search of employment opportunities and the family did not live together again until 1912. By trade, Andrew was a shoe laster and so he was hired by the Daniel Green slipper company where he earned enough money to purchase the family their first home. Of all the Schumacher children, there was none Andrew was prouder of than he and Margaret’s third son, Herman. As a Dolgeville youth, Herman took a strong interest in baseball and was talented in almost all aspects of the game. Herman’s playing career resumed into his late teens and he began working with Andrew at the Daniel Green company. He was the apple of his father’s eye and appeared to have the potential to reach the professional ranks of baseball. Andrew’s excitement was matched by that of the Dolgeville citizens who witnessed the young German boy exhibit tremendous skills at the plate and with his glove. Herman’s path was changed drastically in 1917 when he decided to join the United States

by Brad Velardi They say, “you never forget your first love.” There have been countless tales told about high school sweethearts and college romances, but how often do we see a lifelong bond that sprouted from childhood and lasted until death? A bond that largely defines the very being of a person; the kind that influences nearly every decision they make in their life. Most readers would conclude from this opening that the connection described would be one between a man and woman; but that is not the case with this story. The focus of this narrative is the love between a small town, boy-turned-man and the game of baseball. Harold “Hal” Schumacher was a man who made a resounding impact on his sport in a multitude of ways. Although you are likely reading his name for the first time in your life, Hal’s accomplishments and efforts both on and off the field give him great historical significance in baseball. As a player, there was a stretch where he was considered one of the best pitchers in the major leagues; as a business executive, he and the company who hired him had a great cultural impact on the game. Outside of Hal’s baseball exploits, he was an educated man who proved to be a great patriot during the tumultuous World War

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that put him on the pitcher’s mound for the very first time on the high school club when he replaced a teammate who missed a start due to illness. Hal’s natural ability landed him on the high school squad at age fourteen and was the leader of the team’s pitching rotation. “Rotation” being a strong term considering Hal started the first four games of the 1925 season. The fourteen-year-old phenom was quite dominant against the elder players despite being in the shadow of his brother’s greatness. Performing well under pressure was a defining trait of Hal’s playing career and would serve him well in

The 1924 Dolgeville High School Baseball Team - Schumacher is in the middle row, second from the right.

Army during World War I. While stationed in France in 1918, Herman was wounded badly and died tragically on July 7th, 1918. The Schumachers had been in the United States for less than a decade but were forced to fight through so much struggling. It is unlikely that Andrew and Margaret could have expected their son to die while protecting a country they had called home for such a short period of time. Nonetheless, Herman had passed on and his legend in Dolgeville continued to grow as the local VFW and village park adopted his name. As the family and the rest of Dolgeville loomed with sadness, it seemed inconceivable that another player of Herman’s caliber would be produced in the same village, let alone the same household. One would assume Hal Schumacher’s love for baseball as a small child was sparked by his older brother’s influence, but regardless what it was that inspired him, Hal had a gift. The word “special” would be the most appropriate when describing the right arm of Hal Schumacher and it was first discovered in his days as a shortstop. It was coincidence

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Hal Schumacher’s college graduation - pictured with his Mom and Dad

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the football and basketball teams as well, but as a senior, he was unable to play baseball for Dolgeville as he had already used up his four years of eligibility. He instead played for a town club, sponsored by the Spofford Hose Company in 1928; against grown men who stood no chance against the polished teenager. On two separate occasions, Hal struck out twenty-plus batters while showing the ability to hit the ball as well. During that same year, following his high school graduation, Hal made his semi-professional debut for a team in Little Falls. Hal performed well for the team and still loved playing the game, but his sights were set on attending college no matter what happened in his life. He was accepted into St. Lawrence University of Canton, New York where he would once again play all three of his favorite sports. Hal’s work ethic was nothing short of remarkable as he paid for tuition out of his own pocket by working several different jobs and involving himself in athletics all year round. The fall season was for collegiate football, the winter was for collegiate basketball, the spring was for collegiate baseball and the summers between semesters were spent playing for the village baseball team. Somehow, Hal managed to maintain a solid grade point average throughout his whole college experience. In his starting debut for St. Lawrence, Hal threw a no-hitter against East High of Syracuse on April 29th, 1929. At times, he struggled to keep control of his pitches, but that is to be expected from a freshman pitcher. The experience gained from his first year at St. Lawrence would prove to be immeasurable when he returned to play in Dolgeville that summer. His club began defeating championship teams as Hal was regularly striking out fifteen-plus batters in a single game. The numbers he was posting were simply ridiculous and attracting the attention of major league scouts as Hal helped his team earn the league and regional championships that year. In 1930, Schumacher became a starter on St. Lawrence’s varsity team where he proved to be prepared for the promotion. During one stretch of three games against Cornell, Colgate and Union, Hal struck out a total of fifty-four batters. It has been reported that New York Yankees scout Paul Krichell was in attendance at one of the games and offered Hal a contract with the Bronx Bombers. The deal did not ultimately come to fruition, but word of the young man’s talent got back to New York Giants manager, John McGraw who then ordered

Hal Schumacher pictured with his wife Alice, while serving in the navy

team scout Art Devlin to keep an eye on Hal. The first-generation American’s life would be changed forever following a game in Albany for the Spofford Hose Company in the summer of 1930. Following the Dolgeville team’s victory, Devlin found Hal and asked the nineteen-year-old what he thought about the idea of playing for the Giants. Although he was enticed by the opportunity, Hal made it quite clear that the only way he would accept the offer was if the Giants allowed him to earn his degree from St. Lawrence. When Devlin gave him the impression that Hal’s proposition may be attainable, a sit down was scheduled between Schumacher and Giants manager, John McGraw. The two met the following fall and a close eye was kept on Hal for the remainder of the year as he insisted on finishing his

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education. Coming from a working class, immigrant family, it was certainly unusual (but incredibly admirable) for a young man like Hal to turn down offers to play pro ball. Luckily for Hal, as 1930 came to a close, he was able to make an arrangement with the president of St. Lawrence University that permitted him to play professional baseball from February to October under two stipulations; he was to take additional course hours in the offseason to make up for the time he missed and he would no longer be able to compete in any collegiate athletics. Hal accepted the terms and in January of 1931, he signed a contract with the New York Giants of Major League Baseball. It was February 20th, 1931, when Hal was driven to Utica by a Spofford teammate and hopped aboard the train he had waited for since he was old enough to throw a ball. Andrew Schumacher, his father, joined them on this monumental trip and he watched as his youngest boy left to fulfill a dream he once coveted for Herman; a son who had died heroically nearly fourteen years prior. The average father-son relationship in those days was unquestionably coarser than that of today, but one can almost be certain that this was an event of raw emotion. His final destination would be San Antonio, Texas: the location of Giants spring training camp. At twenty years-old, Hal was the youngest player on the Giants roster but McGraw had the utmost confidence in this young prodigy. He gave Hal the nod to start the second game of the season in Philadelphia’s Baker Bowl against the mighty Phillies, who showed the rookie not an ounce of mercy. After giving up a run in the opening inning, Hal struck out on his first career at-bat in the top of the second before giving up five runs in the bottom of the inning. His debut was shortlived but neither Hal or McGraw’s confidence wavered and both expected better things to come in the near future. For Hal, it was strictly relief duty for the next few months and he was inconsistent at best. He was sent to Rochester on August 7th to play in the Giants farm system. After two weeks of no action in Rochester, he was sent to another minor league affiliate in Bridgeport for three weeks. After just five weeks in the minors, Hal was moved back up to the Giants roster and was never demoted again for the remainder of his career. He earned his first Major League win when he made a start against the Chicago Cubs on September 21st in a performance that was less than

impressive. After a few great outings in spring training of the 1932 season, Hal was placed in the starting rotation; pitching a complete game shutout against the Boston Braves in his first appearance. Hal was brilliant in front of the home crowd at the legendary Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan, leading the Giants to their first win of the season. Forty games into the year, Hal had three wins and four losses as he struggled to maintain consistency. It was at this point that John McGraw, Hal’s biggest supporter, decided to retire during the season and handed managerial duties to Bill Terry (Hal’s roommate and teammate). The struggling Giants did not fare well with either manager that year and Hal’s sophomore campaign had its peaks and valleys; ending with a record of 5 wins and 6 losses with a 3.55 earned run average.

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The first two years of Hal’s career were a bit disappointing when considering the hype surrounding him which led him to believe he would be starting off the 1933 season in the minors. But Terry stuck with his lad and that year proved to be a special one for Hal not only because of his and the team’s success on the field, but he had finally finished his college courses. After a bit of a rocky start, Hal went on an incredible roll starting with a complete game victory against the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 25th. After losing his next start, he pitched four straight complete game victories, including two shutouts. On June 12th, 1933, Hal Schumacher had finally lived out one of his aspirations when he attended his commencement ceremony at St. Lawrence University. As proof of what a respectable young man he was, thirty-three of his teammates traveled to Canton to support Hal at his graduation; which forced the college to make all kinds of adjustments to prepare for an enormous crowd. As the first person in his family to be college educated, Hal’s parents must have experienced feelings of overwhelming pride as their son was achieving the unthinkable; he was the first player in history to earn his degree while playing in the big leagues. Following his commencement, Hal continued to pitch well and became a part of history for the second time that year when it was announced that he would be a participant in Major League Baseball’s first ever All-Star game. More impressive outings took place during the second half of the season and Hal ended the year with a record of 19 wins and 12 losses with a noteworthy earned run average of 2.16. He finished 12th in the MVP voting for the National League and was ranked near the top of several pitching statistics. He was given the

nickname “Prince Hal” (the team’s top pitcher was “King Carl” Hubbell). After finishing with ten more losses than wins in the previous year, the Giants finished first in the National League and moved on to face the Washington Senators in the 1933 World Series. The Giants took game 1 of the World Series and Hal was set to start game two. Students of Dolgeville High School gathered in the school auditorium to listen to the game while some village businesses were shut down for the day. As mentioned earlier in the story, pressure never fazed Hal and with the Giants and his hometown depending on him, he pitched brilliantly. Over nine innings, he gave up just five hits on his way to a 6-1 win in front of a crowd that included his entire immediate family. The infamous sinking fastball was working that day. The Giants would lose game 3 in D.C. but took back control of the series with a game four victory, giving them a 3-1 lead in the series. Hal would start the final contest of the series but was taken out while the game was tied 3-3, so he did not receive the win, but a 10th inning home run from the Giants’ Master Melvin propelled them to the World Series crown, winning 4-3. It is worth mentioning that Hal actually had two RBIs in the game, making him a key contributor to the victory. Folks from the local area held a big celebration in Hal’s honor when he returned to the village; he was their hero. The 1934 season got off to a mediocre start in terms of wins and losses for Hal as he was 5-4 following a loss to the Dodgers on May 31st. From that point on, he was unstoppable and did not lose another start until he faced the Cardinals on July 23rd, giving him a record of 14-5. Following that loss, Hal went on another great run and did not suffer a loss until August 27th when the Giants faced the Cubs at Wrigley Field. By season’s end, Hal had put together a tremendous season that included 23 wins and 10 losses with a 3.18 ERA and finished 9th in the MVP voting. To top it all off, Hal hit an astonishing six home runs at the plate with fifteen RBIs. Hal followed up two great seasons with another in 1935 as he had not lost a start until the beginning of May. By the All-Star break, his record was 12-2 and Hal was, in the eyes of many, the best pitcher in the National League. He was named an all-star for the second time. On July 25th, the Giants sat in first place in the National League with a small advantage over the St. Louis Cardinals. This day also marked the beginning of a

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series between the two teams with Hal set to make the start for game 1. It was a 95-degree day in St. Louis and Hal was giving it everything he had in the extreme heat. He was visibly weakened by the conditions but refused to come out of the game knowing how important it was. He reached down deep into his soul at the bottom of each inning, pitching a great game until he finally collapsed near the dugout steps after coming off the mound in the 6th. The Cardinals team physician could feel no pulse on Hal’s neck or wrist until ice was finally pressed onto his body and basically revived him. He was credited with the 3-1 victory, which was the only thing The Prince truly cared about; a true reflection on his competitive nature. Unfortunately, the Giants fell short of the league pennant by year’s end but Hal had another great season posting a 19-9 record with a 2.89 ERA. He did however suffer a shoulder strain before the close of the season. The 1936 season was one of great adversity on the mound for Hal totaling 11 wins and 13 losses but two great things happened that year; he married his high school sweetheart, Alice Sullivan and the Giants were back in the World Series. The unfortunate part about the latter was that they would be forced to face an incredible New York Yankees team that included Joe DiMaggio and Lou Gehrig among other great players. Hal lost his game 2 start but went on to gain a clutch victory in game 5 when, with the bases loaded, he struck out DiMaggio and Gehrig then retired Bill Dickey in the 3rd inning. The Yankees wound up closing out the series in the following game, ending the underdog Giants’ season. The 1937 season was a bit of an improvement for Hal as he finished with 13 wins and 12 losses, but for the second straight season, the Giants lost to the Yankees in the World Series. Constant strain on Hal’s pitching shoulder would continue to hinder his ability moving forward in his baseball career. He had 13 wins and 8 losses in 1938 which was an improvement, but an operation on his arm was required and his numbers dwindled the following year. Hal showed some flashes of his old self in 1940, 1941 and 1942, as he never finished a season with an ERA above 3.36 but neither he or the Giants were as great as they once were. He suffered the biggest loss of his life since his brother Herman when his father passed away on March 12th, 1941 at age 76. His passing was untimely, but not many fathers live to see their son receive their college

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degree and watch them win a World Series game. Hal should not have had one regret. Hal’s mother Margaret, Herkimer County’s first-ever Gold Star Mother, passed away at the age of 84 in 1955. At thirty-two years-old, Hal decided to embark on another admirable chapter in his life. On November 20th, 1942, with years of baseball still left in him, he enlisted in the U.S. Navy and joined his American brothers during World War II. He was ordered to active duty on January 7th, 1943. While in the Navy, Hal’s responsibilities included being a platoon leader for the physical fitness program; managing and pitching for the U.S. Navy Team baseball club. He and his shipmates were sent out on the Pacific aboard the USS Cape Esperance, which carried convoy supplies to fleets on the ground in the Pacific theater. Hal was on the Cape Esperance for a stint of sixteen months and he and his crew were lucky to make it back alive after a couple of nearby attacks. He was discharged on November 8th, 1945 and decided to take one more crack at Major League Baseball. The 1946 season was his last as it was not successful on an individual level for Hal or on a team level for the Giants. He retired after the Giants released him and pursued another exciting career opportunity. By an act of fate, Hal was forced out of baseball following the 1946 season, just as a company in his hometown was entering the game. In the spring of 1946, Millard-McLaughlin, a Dolgeville company known for manufacturing various wooden products expanded their production line. They began crafting baseball bats made from northern white ash from the trees of the Adirondack Mountains. At the time, roughly 90% of all batters in Nationally Certified Master Groomer Major League Baseball were 25 years experience swinging the ever-popular Louisville Slugger; leaving all •Bathing & Blowouts •Trims •Haircuts to Breed Standards competitors in the industry •Cat Grooming •Gland Expressing •Hand Stripping •Ear Cleaning in the dust. Dolgeville’s close Gentle yet thorough full proximity to the Adirondacks service grooming for dogs and cats! gave Millard-McLaughlin a 3 Main Street real shot at going head-toWhitesboro, NY head with the Slugger, but 725-6486 they would need the proper


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manpower to execute their strategy. Luckily for them, the answer to their prayers was a Dolgeville native with Major League connections and a lot newfound time on his hands. That answer, was Hal Schumacher. In 1947, Hal purchased an interest in the company and was named their Vice President of Sales. The company knew that the key to making the Adirondack bat successful, was to put it in the hands of big leaguers. That spring, Hal decided to use his stature with the Giants organization for the company’s benefit. He walked into the club’s locker room with dozens of free bats for the players to try during their games and they obliged. In the season prior, the Giants hit a collective 121 home runs, but with their new Adirondack bats in 1947, they broke the single-season Major League record by hitting 221. Four out of the top five home run hitters in the National League were on the Giants roster that year. Adirondack bats were gaining popularity fast and largely thanks to Hal. It was because of him that an Adirondack bat wound up in the hands of New York Giant Bobby Thomson on October 3rd, 1951 when he hit the “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” (a walk-off home run to clinch the pennant against the Brooklyn Dodgers). This play is widely considered the most famous home run in the history of baseball and the game was the first nationally-televised baseball game in history. Over his first ten years with the company, sales continued to sky rocket as some of the league’s biggest names, such as Willie Mays, were swinging Adirondack bats. According to an interview with Schumacher in 1962, the company offered 32 different models in various weights, lengths and widths. He was promoted to Executive Vice President in 1957 in recognition of his sales ability and influential ideas; which included the idea of flame-treating the bats. When the company was bought-out, Hal resigned from his position in 1967. “The Prince” felt as though he still had more to give to the game and in the spring of 1968, he signed on with Little League and lived in Williamsport, Pennsylvania where its headquarters were located. With the organization, he helped develop instruction camps and other various training opportunities for young kids. Shortly thereafter, Hal retired and moved back home to Dolgeville with his wife where he remained for the rest of his life. Back home, the little league field in Dolgeville was named after him and he was inducted into the Greater Utica

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Sports Hall of Fame in 1991. On April 21st, 1993, Hal passed away at the age of 82 and is laid to rest at St. Joseph’s Cemetery in Dolgeville beside Alice; his wife of 57 years. Hal’s contributions to baseball should be recognized and appreciated by all who love and cherish the game. By all accounts, he was a model citizen and a family man who served his country and his sport valiantly. It seemed as though no matter how difficult the task, Hal Schumacher was at the very least, willing to tackle it head-on with all his might. He stood toe-to-toe with some of the game’s greatest hitters during his playing days, put the proper tools in the hands of batters as a business man, and took a keen interest in the youth aspect of game. The nickname “prince” is certainly fitting; because, if you ask me, Hal Schumacher is baseball royalty.

Bobby Thomson kissing his lucky Adirondack Bat

We would like to give a very special “thank you” to Mr. Roger Glen Melin, author of, “Hal Schumacher – Prince of the New York Giants, and the Pride of Dolgeville” for granting us permission to use information from his publication. His extensive research made this story possible and if anyone is interested in reading more extensively on Hal Schumacher, you can purchase Roger’s book at Amazon.com. It is a must for baseball and local history fans. A special thanks to Mary Jablonski, daughter of Hal Schumacher, for some of the pictures used in this story.

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