â€œEvery service that my mother has done, or received has put life into perspective for her. She constantly is looking back at the people that helped her when she had little, and she does her best to pay it forward. She believes that by just opening our lives to others we can share experiences, and help benefit the youth. â€œ
Quote: Srg. Andrew Hillstrom - Iraq War
Service. Maria Bhatti 2015
Flora 48”x48”, Oil on Canvas, 1958
La Famiglia, Italy 12”x16”, Ink Drawing, 1960
Sophisticated Explanation 65”x52”, Oil on Linen, 1966
Papaya Lady 65”x52”, Oil on Linen, 1966 All work shown here is a slight peek into the wide range of work Richard has created throughout his lifetime. A representation of his creative ideas all at once is simply not possible, but these pieces carry enough power they provide a glimpse into the mind of this master painter.
Bodice Ensemble 56”x116”, Acrylic on Shaped Canvas, 1969
Richard continues to paint everyday evoke a sense of passion and personal experience throughout every work.
“Since beginning my adventure in painting in 1955 my work has gradually moved away from referencing the representational world of my early training to an exploration of abstraction and the use of nonspecific imagery. My approach to painting has been spontaneous and physical and the use of paint, surface and gesture where the working process of its primary importance in determining the formation of what the painting is about, a strong influence from the surrealists and expressionists. “
Shaped Works, Group shown at the Lee Hall Gallery Northern Michigan University 1981
Studio Photo 1976
Taiwan Series: Prophet 22”x30”, Gouache, 1999 Featured Artist... richard lazzaro
New York Series: Village in Passing I & II 28”x20”, Gouache, 1987
Community & Identity By: Chloe Gutman / 15 Photography by Grant Mahr
East Milwaukee Skyline
he Abundant Community paints a picture of strong community: it is idealistic, and reminds us of our value as a citizen. There’s a lot of responsibility and power associated with participating in an abundant community, and that can come into play in terms of personal connections, where we spend our money, who we support, and how we raise and educate our children. The possibility of living a satisfied life means “exploring how a competent community, one willing to capitalize on its abundance, has the ability to create satisfaction and cure our addiction to consumption” (TAB p. 63). Ideally, every member of a community has gifts to give -and every gift is valuable; needed. To feel satisfied in a community, we need to feel healthy, safe and secure, protect our environment, build a resilient economy, assume responsibility for the food we eat, raise our children, and care by freely committing the heart of one to another.
All photo’s included within this article were taken in Milwaukee,Wisconsin.
The idea of an abundant community relies heavily on an individual “creating satisfaction by recognizing their individual capacities and skills” (TAC, p. 70). As I was reading The Abundant Community, I also started reading a book called Little Brown Girl. This
The images communicate the sense of the youths ambiguity and the creative culture that thrives throughout Milwaukee’s community.
book follows the story of a mother and daughter throughout their experiences as a part of the Synanon Community in 1969 through the 1980s. Sandra Rogers-Hare joined the Synanon Community prior to a time where it was a place for recovering addicts. A man named Charles E. Dederich-Chuck, founded Synanon in the 1950s. Synanon was a community that praised individuality and self-examination. It was a place where people could find themselves and be equal in a community that was against the “American Dream” mentality, which was especially challenged during the Civil Rights Movement. At the center of Synanon was a psychological social event called the Game. “In the Game, eight to twelve Game players sat in a circle and relentlessly challenged and examined one another and themselves. The Game was a freeform, leaderless encounter group. The ethic in and outside of the Game was
FPO East, Milwaukee
“The Game is a lesson in humanness. It is to communicate feelings, to enable one to learn about himself, and to learn about the other person.”
to make each other successful. You could say anything you wanted in the Game. You could be negative or explore or personal, but you could not threaten violence” (LBG p. 36). This mirrors the idea that satisfaction is created by individuals recognizing their own capacities and skills. This was an example of a community exploring complete freedom of speech. Synanon received lots of attention from the media for being an unique, alternative society that preached equality for all. As I read and researched more about Synanon, it started to embody many ideals reflected in The Abundant Community. This was an alternate society that was rapidly transforming from a drug rehabilitation program to a vibrant, lively community. Many people moved to Synanon not because they were drug addicts, but because they had failed in the American dream. All sorts of people with different backgrounds and education histories moved to Synanon to contribute to it’s vibrant community: one that challenged the flaws of traditional American life. In reading the Abundant Community, it became clear to me that the early stages of Synanon attempted to em25
body every element of satisfaction for a community to be abundant, and thrive. The Game allowed Synanon to be a community that was honest and self reflexive at it’s core. Chuck said “The Game is a lesson in humanness. It is to communicate feelings, to enable one to learn about himself, and to learn about the other person” (LBG p. 37). This narrative of a self-conscious community exists in almost every society, but in Synanon, it was the core. Ultimately, Synanon grew in size and Chuck decided to make it a religion after receiving resistance from the California State Government. Synanon’s religion referenced Emerson, Buddhism, and other spiritual and philosophical principles. Synanon was a place where people “could live, have a home, food and community that loved and nurtured them - something that was not neces-
sarily available to them on the outside” (LBG p.45). The Synanon community even had their own media called The Wire. As Little Brown Girl continues, Sandra decides that she wants to have a child. Her baby girl was one of the first children to be born into Synanon. Her child was raised by the community and often separated from her mother. Parents were seen as collective parents, a stark contrast to the American nuclear family. Chuck is quoted saying “My theory of childrearing is that the more quickly you can get a child out from under the shadow of its mother and into a situation in which demands are made of it by its peers and by adults who are not connected to it by bloodlines, the better it is for the child.” Sandra’s child received a bright education and believed that the Synanon model was one that the world would follow. Community & Identity Chloe Gutman 2015
Raised as a child born into Synanon, her daughter, Cassidy (the co-author of the book) describes her experience as an inclusive community where she belonged.
East, Milwaukee-River Trail
Shortly after Cassidy was born, changes started to occur in Synanon. Community Meetings were called to deal with serious issues, and meant to talk about a problem in a way that promoted healing. In December of 1974, a woman’s head was shaved because she stole a camera and admitted to it in the Game. This was a form of public punishment. Female residents of Synanon began to shave their heads as a gesture of being equal with the men. Some of them started wearing uniforms - blue overalls. This was a way of them feeling unified on the inside “We appeared as a unified front to the outside world. Inside the community it 26
felt right, a means to reflect our solidarity to the outside world, it became the first of several actions that appeared to signal a new - and even frightening - development” (LBG p. 68). This was the start of the public describing the Synanon community as a cult. The changes that followed in the next several years were a result of Chucks loss of his wife and a total struggle to maintain control and power. In many ways, Synanon became a full fledged cult. Sandra was raising her daughter Cassidy in a community vastly different to that of the average American child. They ended up leaving Synanon when Cassidy was 6. Sandra writes “When I left Synanon, I had lost that fire to build a better community, a better world. I didn’t even have the comfort of thinking that I could go back to Synanon and life would be good again. Shannon had been a wonderful fifteen year experience; I entered at the right time. It allowed me to grow as an individual in a way that I might not have been able to otherwise” (LBG p. 108). Moving out of Synanon meant that they had no money to support themselves, as they left a self-sustaining community. They ended up living in an area that was economically depressed because
East, Milwaukee-River Trail
Pictured above is the iconic “Glitch Frog” by visiting European artist MTO. / Black Cat Alley
it was all they could afford. Violence surrounded them and both Sandra and Cassidy were scared on a regular basis. Leaving Synanon meant leaving a hope, security, safety, and health behind. It was a total loss of community. As a child transitioning from the Synanon community to the traditional American life, Cassidy was extremely different than her peers. She was bright and quick witted and was being exposed to media in ways that she never was before. She was exposed to media, rock n roll, and sugar - things that were not allowed in Synanon. The outside world was something she longed to experience yet she felt alienated by her own identity. Cassidy’s life in particular is incredibly unique and shows how much impact a community can have on one person. Specifically, being a woman of color impacts her relationship to community as she was treated equal in Synanon and differently in the traditional, American classroom. Her identity mirrored the identity of Synanon, and finding her identity outside of that community continues in the story as she lives in places like Russia and New York.
heavily on the local community that they are a part of. The Abundant Community proves that point that strong communities are vital, productive, and important - “No matter how hard they try, our very best institutions cannot do many things that only we can do. And the things that only we can do as a family and a neighborhood are vital to a decent, good, satisfied life”. Ralph Waldo Emerson said, on communities, that “every institution is the lengthened shadow of one man”. Having lived and experienced the identities of living in a couple of different places (New York, Connecticut, Wisconsin and Nebraska) I emphasize with both Little Brown Girl and The Abundant Community in actively making your personal community “better”. I believe that people should ask others where they are “local”, not “from”. It is evident in idealizing a community that your community should shape your identity... not become it. (Images continued to page 32)
In many ways, the ideals presented in the Abundant Community are directly reflected in Synanon’s early structure. I read these two books at the same time by pure coincidence and could not help but see the parallels between idealism in the Abundant Community and the core values of Synanon. It became evident to me that one’s identity relies
Community & Identity Chloe Gutman 2015
Black Cat Alley Mural East, Milwaukee-River Trail
Community & Identity Chloe Gutman 2015
inspired by japanese contmporary culture this brew is hand crafted by tokyo natives for that traditional flavour and mouthfeel.
Black Cat Alley is a street art destination on the east side of Milwaukee, Wisconsin owned by The East Side B.I.D. As a new community-based art location, this city is going to be blown away by professional visiting artists from all over the world.
Community & Identity Chloe Gutman 2015
Be able to change your mental state at will. It’s too easy to let your emotions and overall mood dominate your every thought and action. You could wake up to a rainy day and let the weather be the deciding factor of how you’ll feel for the next twelve hours. In fact, that’s what most people do - but remember, you’re not most people. You’re someone who has taken charge of your own life: you’re an entrepreneur. You need to make the conscious decision, every day, that you will have a great day. Nobody cares about what you’re going through. Nobody cares about the petty things that are bothering you. Flip on the switch of positivity and spread goodwill everywhere you go.
Wake up early. This should be a given, but it is not. I can’t count the times acquaintances who “were in business” called me at 12:00pm saying they were just waking up. That won’t work. Not only will waking up early give you more time to take care of business, the morning is also the best time of day to catch the people you want to do business with. Learn from the best: Jack Dorsey is up at 5:00am. He meditates, works out, makes coffee, and checks in. He is also able to run not one, but two publicly traded companies. Gary Vaynerchuck is up at 6:00am. Every minute counts. Don’t be one of those people who wakes up late and doesn’t know why they can’t get much done.
Take care of business first. As an entrepreneur, before fun, you need to take care of business. Before going out on the weekends, you need to take care of business. Don’t ever be the person who is always leaving things for later, for tomorrow. Be the person who gets definite about
things, and is known for getting things done. Take care of business as soon as it comes in. Don’t leave the house before you have finished your sales calls and quota for the day. Know your priorities. Push yourself. Remember that mediocre people will do mediocre things, and put fun before business. Ideally, you will want to reach a point where business is fun.
Divide in order to multiply. Delegation is the name of the game. Realise you cannot do everything on your own. You will only be able to grow your business once you start delegating responsibility to others. To that end, it is imperative you know your strengths and focus on them. If you’re bad at organization, let someone do that job for you. If you’re bad at following up, let someone do that job for you. Whatever it is you’re bad at, hire someone with complementary skills to do that job.
Work smart and work hard. More than ever, you need to work smart. But you also need to work hard. There is nothing easy about starting and growing a business. It takes countless hours and effort; it takes phone calls; it takes making meaningful relationships; it takes sales; it takes interviewing; it takes growing; it takes studying; it takes strategy; it takes delegating. So please don’t believe people who tell you that you can live off of your passive income and chill on the beach all day.
Be your awesome self. Authenticity is key. If you want authentic relationships, you must be authentic. If you want an authentic and positive audience reaction when you give a talk, you must be authentic and positive. Being authentic pays off tremendous dividends, as people are able to see B.S. from a mile away. Don’t be afraid to be you.
Be a leader. If you have to remind people that you are the boss, and that you’re the one who calls the shots, then you have already failed. You are nothing but a manager. A leader doesn’t have to ever remind others of her title. A leader works through influence. Management is recognition you get from the bottom, while leadership is permission you get from those below you. The best way to motivate employees is by being a great leader to them. Put them up, give them praise, smile, communicate well, have high standards and create a culture where it is safe to fail and to try new things.
The 10th Step Pedro De Abreu
The 10 step becoming a successful entrepreneur
Pedro De Abreu Harvard University scholar, Author, and entrepreneur
By: Pedro De Abreu Sourced from Virgin.com
Know you won’t please everyone. When you stand up for what you believe in, when you put yourself out there and start to go after what you want, some people will inadvertently stop liking you. Truth is, they never really liked you in the first place. Or perhaps they just wrote you off as ‘safe’. But the moment you started doing something that they didn’t have the courage to do themselves, they panicked. That panic translates itself into, “I don’t like that guy/ girl”. Don’t let that get to you. Don’t internalize it. It’s a perfectly normal reaction, and it happens at all levels.
In everything, give thanks. Just the fact that you wake up every day is something to be thankful for. Being thankful will not just allow you to better function, but it can also have lasting effects on your health. “It can lower blood pressure, improve immune function and facilitate more efficient sleep,” says Robert A. Emmons, professor of psychology at UC Davis. People who are thankful exude a different vibe and energy to which we are all attracted.
2016 will be the same as 2015 if you don’t change. No matter how good the intentions, your 2016 will be the same as your 2015 if you don’t make the effort to change it. Take a good look at your daily habits, at your relationships, and ruthlessly change anything that doesn’t fit a paradigm of success and accomplishment. In the words of Jim Rhon, “change begins with a choice.”
The contents of this issue’s ‘10th Step’ does not reflect the views of Virgin.com. Please see virgin.com/terms for more details.
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Final Thoughts / MIAD Bridge Vol. 1
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