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Beef Grist

VOL 1 ISSUE 2 | FA L L 2013

A P E R I O D I C N E W S L E T T E R P R O D U C E D B Y G R A N D V A L L E Y F O R T I F I E R S LT D .

Jim Ross, Chairman Dear friends, What a difference a year makes! Last year most of Ontario sweltered under unrelenting heat and crops were suffering not only from the heat but very low rainfall as well. This year is very different, the crops are in very good shape, and moisture levels are very adequate. The only thing which we desire is some more heat to bring a potentially massive crop to maturity across the US and Canada. One benefit of this summer’s cooler weather is that cow health and growth production are significantly better than the summer of 2012. With a bumper harvest staring us in the face, most of us believe that corn and soy prices will come down substantially this fall. However, there is another factor which could very well come into reality this year and that is the inflationary effect from Mr. Ben Bernanke’s decision to print 85 million dollars in US currency per month. Very recently, gold and silver prices are beginning to rise and I believe if they continue to do so, feed grains and other commodities will follow. This could result in a major surprise to those purchasing their feed supplies in the coming year. Wishing you good farming, Jim Ross

Scene &Herd


By: JAMIE O’SHEA, Beef Specialist, Valley Fortifiers By: JamieGrand O’Shea, Beef Specialist | 519-588-2241 | 519-588-2241


rom the Canadian Angus Association AGM held in Guelph Ontario…. The Canadian Angus Association registered almost 60,000 animals in the past year and just over 11,000 Angus bulls sold in Canada for an average price of $4350 this spring.

From the Canadian Hereford Association AGM held in Brandon Manitoba guest speakers Dr. John Basarab and Mr. Sean McGrath made presentations about feed efficiency and productivity of cow herds…. • The 2 biggest costs in a cow calf operation are cow herd maintenance cost and cow herd depreciation. • 70% of energy consumed by a cow is for maintenance; lactation increases energy requirements by 20 to 30% • A cow’s priorities are 1) maintenance, 2) production, either lactation or growth and 3) reproduction; whereas the farmer or ranchers priorities are for the cow to 1) reproduce, 2) production and 3) maintenance of body condition. The Canadian Hereford Association is investing in studies in Net Feed Efficiency or Residual Feed Intake (RFI). This trait is only moderately heritable, but is measurable and very economically important. • Animals with an efficient RFI score are less fat at a younger age and are more efficient in lean growth. Those same animals when older are still more efficient. An animal that has the ability to produce back fat is able to lower energy requirements for maintenance activities and therefore has more available energy to place in production and reproduction. • The CHA will use data from several years of testing bulls for RFI and incorporate this data into their EPD system. From the Canadian Simmental Innovations Days held in Alberta and Ontario… Dr. Stephen Miller was among the presenters where the topics of the day surrounded the use of Genomics and the work being done to incorporate this data to benefit the various sectors in the beef industry. GRAND VALLEY FORTIFIERS LTD. 486 Main Street East, PO Box 726 Cambridge, ON N1R 5W6 1-800-567-4400 w w

Dr. Miller reminded those in attendance that… • There are lots of genes that have a small effect rather than a few genes that have a large effect. • Genotype is nothing without Phenotype. • Genomics will help to add accuracy to EPD’s – not replace them. Make sure you familiarize yourself now with new technologies and incorporate them into your operation before things go so fast everyone else passes you by! From the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association Semi Annual Meeting held in London Ontario…. John Masswohl, director, Government & International Relations, talked about the importance of market access. Getting more for the same amount of meat exported from Canada, not shipping more of it, has a $132.9 million potential or a value of about $45 per animal in Canada. Can Fax made a presentation and stated… • Beef Cow Inventory in Ontario was down 3% on Jan 1, which now has 275 400 cows. • Cow marketing in Canada is about level with a 2% increase projected. • Canadian Feeder cattle exports to USA is up 40% to 70% depending on region due to large overcapacity in US feedlots and packing plants. • Carcass weights in Canada are steady to lower in 2013 compared to 2012. • The average price for finished cattle in Canada in 2012 was $115cwt. • There are small volumes on the yearling market, 845lb yearlings are on average $1.42/lb., up $0.11 from 2012. • The average price of 550lb feeder calves is $1.52/lb., up $0.04 from 2012. • The projected average price for 550 lbs feeder calves in Canada is $1.60/lb., into the fall of 2013. n

As calves get older and pasture conditions dwindle, use Grand Valley Fortifiers’ Classic Beef Creep Feed pellets to ensure growth in your calves, and ease the transition into weaning while adding value and profitability to your operation. Call me at 519-588-2241 for more details!

Ian Ross, President | Jim Ross, Chairman Clarke Walker, VP & COO Mark Bowman/Jeff Keunen, Ruminant Nutritionist David Ross/Dan Goertz, Publishers

HARVEST CORN SILAGE FOR MAXIMUM QUALITY By: MARK BOWMAN, Senior Ruminant Nutritionist, Grand Valley Fortifiers

Corn silage is often the number one feed in beef grower rations, typically accounting for up to 75 percent of total dry matter intake. So it almost goes without saying that both the quantity and quality of corn silage one makes have a big influence on cattle performance and feed cost. Decisions made in the next month regarding corn silage harvest are critical to success. Get Ready to Go The harvest window for maximum corn silage quality and yield is quite small. So be sure that you are ready when the corn is ready for optimum harvest. If you do your own chopping, then make sure that your equipment is all serviced and ready to go. If you rely on a custom operator, be sure to keep him informed as your corn matures and the estimated date that you will need to have it chopped. In all cases make sure that your silo(s) are ready to go and needed maintenance is completed. When to Chop Corn should be harvested between 1/3 to 3/4 kernel milkline, but there is large variation in the relationship between kernel milk-line and whole plant moisture. Therefore, it is very helpful to chop some whole plants (representative sample from the field) and determine the moisture as harvest time approaches. Once you know the current moisture content, expect the corn to dry down an average of 0.5% per day in typical weather, but up to 1% per day in hot and dry weather. For optimum yield, starch (energy) content and silage fermentation, the goal for corn silage harvest is 35 – 40% dry matter for tower silos and 32 – 37% dry matter for bunk silos. Chopping silage too wet will result in lower yield and lower starch content so that both beef per acre and beef per tonne of silage are reduced. Very wet corn silage may also have fermentation and feed out challenges. On the other hand, harvesting silage too dry will contribute to difficulty in packing, chopping and silage fermentation, It will also reduce digestibility of starch and fibre. Chop Length and Processing Chop length should be ½ inch to ¾ inch depending on processing and moisture level. Chopping too short may contribute to lack of effective fibre in finishing diets, but chopping too long will result in difficulty packing the silo well and may increase risk of cattle sorting the feed. Most people now agree that corn silage should be processed and the majority of corn silage is processed at harvest. However, lab samples and visual observations on farms show that most silage is not processed well enough. It is critical that almost all of the kernels are crushed, just as it is for HM corn. This is especially true when silage is chopped above 33 – 35% dry matter. Our friends at Pioneer recommend a very simple and effective test at harvest to see if corn silage is processed properly. Scoop silage into a 32 oz cup and then spread it out; if you see more than 1 or 2 half or whole kernels, discuss with the operator ways to tighten the roller or slow the harvest speed to improve processing. Use a Silage Inoculant Many silage inoculants are available to speed fermentation at harvest and/or improve stability and quality of silage at feeding. Beef producers should strongly consider using one to improve silage quality and reduce losses of dry matter and other nutrients. Since corn silage tends to spoil and heat at time of feeding, Buchneri products that are research proven to reduce this are recommended. It is best to use a product that contains more than one bacteria strain, one for lactic acid production at the start of fermentation and a Buchneri strain to increase bunk life. Filling, Packing and Covering All types of silos should be filled rapidly to exclude oxygen and begin fermentation. Silage in bunker silos must be packed and covered properly to drive out air and reduce dry matter loss and spoilage. Packing density should be at least 15 lbs of dry matter per cubic foot. The size and number of packing trackers must increase in proporLike us on Facebook to find out about upcoming events, new products & exciting promotions.

tion to the size of the silos and the speed of filling. Recommendations are that you need 800 lbs of tractor for every T/hr coming to the bunk silo. That would be 80,000 lbs of tractor for 100 T/hr of silage. Cover bunker silos as soon as possible after filling and ensure that the plastic, whatever type is used, remains tight against the silage. n

2.0 Tonne Bulk Premix Bin


his simple, steel storage bin has been designed to hold over 2 tonnes of bulk premix allowing producers to enjoy both a bulk and volume discount on their premix orders. Each 2 Tonne bin will come complete with a front mounted ladder and tarp top to keep debris and farm animals out. This bin is to be kept covered in a commodity shed or in an ingredient storage room but can easily be set outside with a fork equipped loader tractor or skid steer for easy filling. Improve the ease of storing bulk premix on your farm with this inexpensive bulk premix bin from Grand Valley Fortifiers.




Cubic Volume (not including the cone) 47˝L x 60˝W x 44˝H • 71.8 cubic feet • 2204.62 lbs/metric tonne Bulk Density

lbs./cu. Ft.

Beff Cow Premix






Grower Finisher Premix 75



Purchase for $1,295.00 or finance for $54/month for 24 months


SEPTEMBER 10–12, 2013 8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.

Come on out to the 20th anniversary of Canada’s Outdoor Farm Show! Grand Valley Fortifiers, Farmers Farmacy and Direct Source Commodities will all be onsite at the corner of Ninth Lane and Middle Machinery Mall. Our team looks forward to visiting with you so be sure to stop by and speak to Jamie O’Shea, Beef Specialist for Grand Valley Fortifiers.

Thought for the Day “A Promise from a Godly Prophet”

Blessed (is) the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and (that) spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit. Jeremiah 17:7-8

Beef Grist 2013 - Fall  
Beef Grist 2013 - Fall  

The Canadian Angus Association AGM • Harvest Corn Silage for Maximum Quality