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FIN 451 Week 7 Problem Set Investments and Portfolio Management

FIN 451 Week 7 Problem Set Investments and Portfolio Management

Grand Canyon FIN451 week 7 Problem SET

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Chapter 18: problem sets, number 7, and CFA problems, numbers 2, 3, 4, and 6 Chapter 19: problem sets, numbers 5 and 8, and CFA problems, numbers 2 and 3

APA format is not required, but solid academic writing is expected. Answers should be submitted using an Excel spreadsheet in order to show all calculations, where applicable. You are not required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.

APA format is not required, but solid academic writing is expected. Answers should be submitted using an Excel spreadsheet in order to show all calculations, where applicable. CHAPTER 18 7. Consider the following information regarding the performance of a money manager in a recent month. The table presents the actual return of each sector of the manager’s portfolio in column (1), the fraction of the portfolio allocated to each sector in column (2), the benchmark or neutral sector allocations in column (3), and the returns of sector indexes in column (4). 2. The chairman provides you with the following data, covering one year, concerning the portfolios of two of the fund’s equity managers (manager A and manager B). Although the portfolios consist primarily of common stocks, cash reserves are included in the calculation of both portfolio betas and performance. By way of perspective, selected data for the financial markets are included in the following table. (LO 18-1) Total Return Beta Manager A 24.0% 1.0 Manager B 30.0 1.5 S&P 500 21.0 Lehman Bond Index 31.0 91-day Treasury bills 12.0 a. Calculate and compare the alpha of the two managers relative to each other and to the S&P 500. b. Explain two reasons the conclusions drawn from this calculation may be misleading. 3. Carl Karl, a portfolio manager for the Alpine Trust Company, has been responsible since 2015 for the City of Alpine’s Employee Retirement Plan, a municipal pension fund.

Alpine is a growing community, and city services and employee payrolls have expanded in each of the past 10 years. Contributions to the plan in fiscal 2020 exceeded benefit payments by a three-to-one ratio. Th e plan’s board of trustees directed Karl fi ve years ago to invest for total return over the long term. However, as trustees of this highly visible public fund, they cautioned him that volatile or erratic results could cause them embarrassment. Th ey also noted a state statute that mandated that not more than 25% of the plan’s assets (at cost) be invested in common stocks. At the annual meeting of the trustees in November 2020, Karl presented the following portfolio and performance report to the board.ALPINE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT PLAN Asset Mix as of 9/30/20 At Cost (millions) At Market (millions) Fixed-income assets: Short-term securities $ 4.5 11.0% $ 4.5 11.4% Long-term bonds and mortgages 26.5 64.7 23.5 59.5 Common stocks 10.0 24.3 11.5 29.1 $41.0 100.0% $39.5 100.0% INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE Annual Rates of Return for Periods Ending 9/30/20 5 Years 1 Year Total Alpine Fund: Time-weighted 8.2% 5.2% Dollar-weighted (Internal) 7.7% 4.8% Assumed actuarial return 6.0% 6.0% U.S. Treasury bills 7.5% 11.3% Large sample of pension funds (average 60% equities, 40% fixed income) 10.1% 14.3% Common stocks—Alpine Fund 13.3% 14.3% Average portfolio beta coefficient 0.90 0.89 Standard & Poor’s 500 Stock Index 13.8% 21.1% Fixed-income securities—Alpine Fund 6.7% 1.0% Salomon Brothers’ Bond Index 4.0% 211.4% Karl was proud of his performance and was chagrined when a trustee made the following critical observations: a. “Our one-year results were terrible, and it’s what you’ve done for us lately that counts most.” b. “Our total fund performance was clearly inferior compared to the large sample of other pension funds for the last five years. What else could this reflect except poor management judgment?” c. “Our common stock performance was especially poor for the five-year period.” d. “Why bother to compare your returns to the return from Treasury bills and the actuarial assumption rate? What your competition could have earned for us or how we would have fared if invested in a passive index (which doesn’t charge a fee) are the only relevant measures of performance.” e. “Who cares about time-weighted return? If it can’t pay pensions, what good is it!” Appraise the merits of each of these statements and give counterarguments that Karl can use. (LO 18-2)

4. A portfolio manager summarizes the input from the macro and micro forecasts in the following table: MICRO FORECASTS Asset Expected Return (%) Beta Residual Standard Deviation (%) Stock A 20 1.3 58 Stock B 18 1.8 71 Stock C 17 0.7 60 Stock D 12 1.0 55 MACRO FORECASTS Asset Expected Return (%) Standard Deviation (%) T-bills 8 0 Passive equity portfolio 16 23 a. Calculate expected excess returns, alpha values, and residual variances for these stocks. b. Construct the optimal risky portfolio. c. What is Sharpe’s measure for the optimal portfolio and how much of it is contributed by the active portfolio? What is the M 2 ? CHAPTER 19 5. Suppose a U.S. investor wishes to invest in a British firm currently selling for £40 per share. The investor has $10,000 to invest, and the current exchange rate is $2/£. (LO 19-2) a. How many shares can the investor purchase? b. Fill in the table below for rates of return after one year in each of the nine scenarios (three possible prices per share in pounds times three possible exchange rates). Price per Share (£) Pound-Denominated Return (%) Dollar-Denominated Return for Year-End Exchange Rate $1.80/£ $2/£ $2.20/£ £35 £40 £45 c. When is the dollar-denominated return equal to the pound-denominated return? 8. Calculate the contribution to total performance from currency, country, and stock selection for the manager in the following table. All exchange rates are expressed as units of foreign currency that can be purchased with one U.S. dollar. (LO 19-4) EAFE Weight Return on Equity Index E1/ E0 Manager’s Weight Manager’s Return Europe .30 20% 0.9 .35 18% Australia .10 15 1.0 .15 20 Far East .60 25 1.1 .50 20 2. John Irish, CFA, is an independent investment adviser who is assisting Alfred Darwin, the head of the Investment Committee of General Technology Corporation, to establish a new pension fund. Darwin asks Irish about international equities and whether the Investment Committee should consider them as an additional asset for the pension fund. (LO 19-3)

a. Explain the rationale for including international equities in General’s equity portfolio. Identify and describe three relevant considerations in formulating your answer. b. List three possible arguments against international equity investment, and briefly discuss the significance of each. c. To illustrate several aspects of the performance of international securities over time, Irish shows Darwin the accompanying graph of investment results experienced by a U.S. pension fund in the recent past. Compare the performance of the U.S.-dollar and non-U.S.-dollar equity and fixed-income asset categories, and explain the significance of the result of the account performance index relative to the results of the four individual asset class indexes. performance index relative to the results of the four individual asset class indexes. 10 20 30 40 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Annualized historical performance data (percent) Variability (standard deviation) Real returns (%) U.S.-$ bonds Non-U.S.-$ bonds EAFE index Account performance index S&P index 3. You are a U.S. investor considering purchase of one of the following securities. Assume that the currency risk of the Canadian government bond will be hedged, and the sixmonth discount on Canadian-dollar forward contracts is 2 .75% versus the U.S. dollar. Bond Maturity Coupon Price U.S. government 6 months 6.50% 100.00 Canadian government 6 months 7.50% 100.00 Calculate the expected price change required in the Canadian government bond that would result in the two bonds having equal total returns in U.S. dollars over a six-month horizon. Assume that the yield on the U.S. bond is expected to remain unchanged.

Fin 451 week 7 problem set investments and portfolio management