More Basketball Knowledge For You The ball can only be advanced up the court by passing, dribbling, or shooting the ball. The ball has to stay in the court boundaries and if the ball does go out of bounds then the ball is given to the team who didn’t touch it last. When you are moving the ball up the court the player cannot travel, double dribble, or carry the ball. When a player is driving into the lane or attempting to take a shot no other player can interfere with that person by physical contact a foul will be called by the referee. When a foul is called during the act of a shot the player that was shooting will receive free throws, if a team is over their allowed team foul count then even if the player is not shooting the ball they will get free throws. It is up to the referee to make the call if a violation was committed. When it does they either can call a foul or technical foul, for more serious fouls. If a player gets two technical fouls in one game they are ejected from the game. Basketball Positions Even though there are no set positions that must be maintained during the course of the game, the evolution of basketball has determined what positions and the type of player needed to comprise a team. There are usually two guards, two forwards, and one center. • Point Guard – Is the player who runs the offense on the floor, this person will get the ball to the person will be able to score the easiest. • Shooting Guard – Is the player that will be able to score at will, anywhere on the court. This person usually guards the best perimeter player on the other team. • Small Forward – This player is another go to person on offense, they are usually cutting to the basket or if they are on defense trying to get rebounds. • Power Forward – This player plays near the basket to get rebounds and easy tipins or layups. • Center – This person usually the tallest and biggest will try to block shots, rebound, and look for shots close to the hoop. On offense teams can use pick and roll strategies, screens or picks, or set plays like the Triangle Offense to get a player free for an open shot. On defense the two main defensive strategies are zone and man to man.