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AS product Design Grace Haly

Problem It is a known fact that the world would be a better place if everyone did their bit to recycle or re-use , but when running a busy pub it can be argued that recycling glass bottles isn't on the top of someone's to do list. Every day hundreds of empty wine bottles are thrown into a large bin or skip and never thought about again. It has been proven that only 50% of glass bottles are recycled, so why not turn this 50% into reusing instead of recycling. Every1000 kg of glass re-used saves 315 kilograms of carbon dioxide being released into the atmosphere during the creation of new glass. The process of recycling glass bottles has many stages including: sorting, cleaning, crushing, mixing and melting, all costing money, therefore re-using bottles is a more effective and cheaper process. If we could find a way to re-use more bottles, and not just recycle them, this would help to reduce our carbon footprint. The client I am currently speaking to manages ‘The Green Dragon inn’ pub and restaurant situated in the heart of the Cotswolds. To begin with I asked my client what items he throws away the most weekly, he came up with things such as bottles, corks and newspaper, all of which could be re-used. I have decided to use bottles, I will come up with different ways to re-use them. I have chosen bottles as they are always similar in shape, and will be interesting to design with. I think re-using newspaper and corks is still a very good idea, but with bottles I can make a product on a larger scale ands not be restricted by shape or size. My aim is to research how many bottles are thrown away daily. I will also look at the different types of bottles thrown away, this will help me decide which bottles I will use to come up with some ideas. The three mains types of bottles thrown away in a pub are: wine, sprits and beer. All these bottles are different shapes and sizes so I need to work out which bottles are going to work best for my product.

Design Brief: It is clear that there is a problem when it comes to throwing things away, even recycling is costing us money and harming the environment. My aim is to design create a product re-using glass bottles. The product will need to successfully re use bottles and help to inspire other people to re-use household items such as bottles.

Problem Confirmation To start my research I am going to need to confirm the problem. I will start by recording how many bottles are thrown away on average daily, each week at the pub. This will allow me to see the amount of bottles and which types are thrown away most often. It will also show that there are to many bottles thrown away and not enough re-used. I am also going to ask a range of people what there opinion is on re-using materials and how often they do it. After I have completed my project and have come up with some ideas I will ask the same people again, to see if there opinion on re-using materials has changed and whether I have inspired them to re-use any of their household items. Name: simon Haly Age: 41 Occupation: Licensee What are your views on re-using materials instead of throwing away and recycling? We should re-use more materials, recycling is good but re-using could be a more efficient and more environment friendly way of doing things. Do you or have you ever re-used an Item and made it into something else? Have some re-used bottles that have been decorated and made into a decorative household item. I re-used shopping bags. If I were to make a product from re-used bottles, do you think you would be interested and inspired to do it yourself? definitely, if it is a suitable product for the house/garden I would love to give it a go. Name: Steven Veal Age: 17 Occupation: Student What are your views on re-using materials instead of throwing away and recycling? I believe that re-using materials is much more energy efficient process, rather than recycling that uses energy to recycle the product. Do you or have you ever re-used an Item and made it into something else? I have re-used old bike parts and used them on new bikes If I were to make a product from re-used bottles, do you think you would be interested and inspired to do it yourself? Yes that sounds like a good idea, Id be very interested to see where this is going to go and would like to experiment with a similar product. Conclusion: After speaking to a couple of people, it is clear that people are interested in re-using materials but they don’t have enough ideas or inspiration around them to get started. If I can come up with a good design it may encourage people to re-use there glass bottles instead of throwing them away.

Area Research I am going to research different areas, to make sure I no everything I need to, to get the product the best it can be. Without the research I wouldn't know where to start, I will need to do lots of research into different products so I know the advantages and disadvantages. This will help me to deign something people will like. Type of bottle I will use? I will spend some time in the pub looking at the different types of bottles that are thrown away, this will give me an idea of the most popular bottle and give me inspiration for designs. I will make a table recording how many of each type are thrown away roughly, this will give me a rough Idea of which bottle is best to use due to amount available, and how many can be reused. I will look at the bottles closely and think about the advantages and disadvantages of using that type of bottle. Once I have decided on the bottle I am using I will do a detailed analysis of its dimensions and shape. How many will I need? After coming up with some designs with the bottles I will look at the size and shape of the bottle in detail. I will also look at how well the bottles fit together, this will then give me a rough idea of how many bottle I am going to need and re-use. Once I have come up with a design I will look at how many bottles I will re-use, I aim to include quite a few, the more bottles I re-use the less are thrown away or recycled. Will they be strong enough? I will also need to look at the safety aspects of re-using bottles. If the item I make is for use around the house or workplace will they strong enough to hold weight or pressure. It may be that I need to fill the bottles will something else to give them that extra bit of strength. In which case I will need to research what I can put inside the bottles to give them extra strength but also something that wont ruin the appearance of the glass bottles. Inspiration? I will look on the internet, in shops and around the house to see if I can find any existing products that have been made out of re-used bottles, this will help to give me inspiration and give me a starting point. This will also help me to decide what I will make, whether it will go inside, outside, or both. I need to consider the materials I am going to using, the a aesthetics and the function. This research will help me when I start to design the size and shape of my product. Current re-used products? To get some ideas and get myself started I will look at current products around that have been made out of re-used materials and glass bottles. I will get photos and information and present them in my PowerPoint. I will also look at pieces of furniture designed by modern designers, this will give me inspiration as to what product I will make with the re-used bottles, it will also give me some ideas for style and size. Target audience: will need to think and look into who will be using my product and where it will live,. This may change some of the health and safety aspects. By looking at the target audience, when designing I can consider them when choosing the size of the product and whether it can be fragile or not.

Area Research – Bottles Thrown away I have spent a few days researching on average how any bottles are thrown away. I used a table and marked in at the end of each day how many had been put in the bin. This will show be which bottles are thrown away most and therefore be most beneficial to reuse.

These sheets show that the most bottles used and thrown away in four days are wine bottles. I am going to use the wine bottles to create a chair, that may inspire people in future to re-use there wine bottles instead of just chucking them away.

Research: Current re-used materials L i g h t m a d e u s i n g glass wine bottles

Chair made from reused wine bottles

Lamp shade, stand made using beer bottle

Clock made with re-used glass bottles around the outside of face representing numbers

Research: Current re-used materials After looking at various re-used bottles that have been made into products I have come to the conclusion I will design a piece of furniture made out of glass bottles. I really like the chairs and lights that have been made from wine bottles, I think they look very smart and would fit inside a building nicely, and because chairs have large frames I will be re-using plenty of bottles. I also think the shelf idea is very clever, these ideas would all look very nice in a smart old fashioned pub.

Ta b l e s t a n d made from beer bottles

Glasses made from beer bottles

Shelves held up and separate by wine bottles

Table with bottoms of wine bottles in side for decoration

Outside light/lantern holder made with wine bottle

Research: Inspiration Le Corbusier Chaise Longue

The Corbusier Chaise Longue is classic designed in 1928. The shape of the chaise longue mirrors the body's natural contours - making it an extremely comfortable and usable piece of furniture. The tubular bow-shaped frame fully adjusts along the base to complete this ergonomic masterpiece. The chair is constructed using tubular stainless steel as the frame, adjustable pivots on base. This chair stood out to me because of its interesting frame shape and features. The chairs shape fits the body perfectly making it a great chair for an office or at home. The chair looks elegant but still fulfils the purpose of being comfortable and shaping the body. The padding on top and headrest are both leather , that in some cases are offered in different colours and patterns, this was also a feature I liked as it can be adapted to suit the buyer. I have also looked at other chairs with the same shape as the Chaise longue but with slightly different designs.

Casanova Chaise Lounge This is similar to the Le Corbusier but with a simpler design. Its features including swivelling and its adjustable and is supported by a steel square base. Upholstered in leather, including pillowed headrest. I love how simple the design is, there is no Unnecessary frames or features added, just what is needed. I love the way the shape of the chair follows the shape of the body, I think I will use this shape in some of my designs. This type of design would fit most body shapes as well, wouldn’t have to worry about difference between adults and children's body length as the chair would be a longer length, the legs would fit onto the chair comfortably.

Research: Inspiration - Wine bottle racks I am doing some research into wine bottle racks to get inspiration for the shape of my chair and how the wine bottles will fit together. The racks come in all different shapes and they all hold the bottles in different ways, when designing I can take shape edges and slots from the racks and incorporate them into a chair design.

Hold up to 10 bottles of wine

stainless steel that holds 8 wine bottles. Bottles are held horizontally allowing for easy to read labels.

I really like this design, as the curves are very natural. I think this shape would be good for following the shape of the body.

Research: Wine bottle measurements Before I start designing I need to no the exact size of the bottle so I can work out how many I will need and if they will fit together. I have taken a single wine bottle and measure different heights and diameters of the bottle, I have also taken photos to show the measurements clearly. Wine bottle dimensions: Height: 28.5cm Height of neck: 7.5cm around centre of bottle: 24.8 cm around neck of bottle: 10.2 cm Diameter of base of bottle: 7cm Diameter of cap: 2.5 cm

I can use these measurements when I start the making of my chair. They will be vital when I decide how the bottles will be held in place, the measurements will also be key when it comes to marking out the chair shape.


When doing my research into wine bottles it became clear that not all wine bottles are the same shape. I therefore chose a simple shaped wine bottles and will use identical bottles throughout the project to make measurements and designs easier.



Specification I have decided to make a chair/lounger from re-used wine bottles and have taken inspiration from other chairs such as the Chaise Lounge . Before I begin the designing I will do an initial specification so I can see clearly the most important aspects of my product. Aesthetics I have taken inspiration from various other chairs such as the chaise longue. I want my chair to have a very modern look to it which would be suitable to have in a large house or restaurant. As well as a chair I want the product to be something that is nice to look at, I will use the wine bottles curves as a starting point. Life in service As a chair it needs to be hard wearing and should not constantly need replacing. Using glass bottles could make this slightly harder but as long as the bottles are held sturdily and the users weight is spread across 30 bottles the chair should last at least 2 to 3 years. Target Cost As I am re-using products that were originally going to be thrown away the cost of wine bottles wouldn’t be a great deal, the target cost would depends mainly on the materials I decide to use as the frame of my chair. I will review this again in the final specification. Maintenance I cannot fully write about maintenance until I have chosen my design, I am considering using wood, which may need a polish and the wine bottles may need a dust just to keep them tidy.

Environment I am designing a chair for inside and therefore don’t need to think much about the durability in different weather conditions. My product needs to be suitable for a public environment. Competition On a previous page I have included some photos of other products made from re-used items, through the internet and real life I have never seen a chair made out of reused wine bottles therefore I'm hoping this will be a unique piece of furniture. Manufacturing and Production If I were to produce my product on a commercial bases the process would be a lot quicker. More than one could be produced at a time and this would save money. Materials I want this chair to look as nice as it can therefore when picking the materials I need to think carefully about what will match best with glass bottles, I also need to think about safety and what material will hold the bottles in a strong position. Safety My product will have to have a large safety notice, if children start climbing on the chair or adults are not careful when sitting down the bottles may break and even cause injury to the user


m 2.5c

Idea Development- top 3 ideas

I have been through all my ideas and picked the 3 I like best and think have the most pros. Each idea is completely different and has a different look. Idea 1 is made mainly of wood and the wine bottles slot in gaps made in the side and between the chair. Idea 2 is made mostly from the bottles but with a metal frame and coloured pads on top to make a comfier seat for user and add a fun look. Idea 3 looks very modern and simple, the design is inspired by the Le Corbusier Chaise Longue, a lounger shaped seat that will mould the body's shape, instead of using material and leather as the seating area it will be made from two long rows of wine bottles led on there side, could also add s headrest. Would have a metal frame.

Idea Development- Idea 1 Pros: •  Nice looking modern design •  Made from wood therefore look nice in majority of environments •  Wine bottle slot inside of chair therefore cannot be moved easily making this a safe design •  Comfy design as shape of chair moulds the body's shape •  Easier to put together than other designs Cons: •  Wouldn’t use as many wine bottles as other designs might •  Isn't completely made from bottles, other materials included •  Gaps between pieces of wood may not be completely comfortable

Making a small model for idea number 1 shows the rough shape and structure of how the chair would look, would also have wine bottles inserted in both sides where the pencil circles are drawn.

Idea Development- Idea 2 Pros: •  Would look modern and sleek •  Will use many bottles as there are two rows following the body's shape •  Again, would look good in most environments, good for office •  Comfy due to chair shape following bodies shapes Cons: •  Simple looking, some users might prefer a more busy looking chair with more features •  Would need a lot of frame work •  Sitting on bottles may not be as safe as the previous 2 idea •  Take up a lot of room After making a rough model of my second idea I have realised I need to make some modifications to the idea. The wine bottles will still slot into both sides of the frame but at the moment there is no support, I am going to add some more pieces of wood to both sides of the frame which the wine bottles can lie down and rest on, then when someone sits on the chair the bottles will not snap they will be strong and have support. I have now added extra pieces of wood on to the side of my model these pieces will have holes in to hold the bottoms of the bottoms up, this will give extra support and strength when sitting on the chair.

Experimenting After making various models and seeing how they look on a small scale I have decided to go with idea 2. The body shape of the chair will be made from two long rows of wines bottles and held up by a wooden frame, this idea is smart and fur fills the purpose of re-using bottles. Now I have my idea, I am going to start experimenting with wine bottles and different sized holes to decide which measurements will be the best for my chair. I used 2 pieces of wood, both the same side and measured out different heights and widths apart, once I had drilled the holes and inserted the wine bottles I could compare all 4 measurements to see which is going to work best. Measurements number 3 were not suitable at all as the wine bottle was to big to fit. Measurements number 4 were to high up the wood and popped up the top to much ,this would have been uncomfortable for the user sitting on the chair and the wine bottle wiggled around to much. Measurements 1 and 2 were a great fit the wine bottle sat nicely in both, but Measurement number 2 had a slight downfall in being that the measurements were a tiny bit to high up and thinned out where the neck of the bottles fit therefore I used measurements number 1. Now that I have found the correct measurements I would like to use I am going to make a model using the correct measurements. Wood split due to measurements to high up





I have now used four pieces of wood all the same size to make and example model of what a part of the chair may look like, and inserted 8 bottles into the correctly sized holes. The bottles sit in the holes tightly and cannot easily be moved. I then placed the model on the floor and sat on it to test it for comfort and safety. The bottles safely took by weight when I sat and leaned on it, once the whole chair has been made the body weight will spread across all the bottles. The bottles also made a comfy base to sit on.

Making I now need to move onto finding the correct angle and curve for my chair. I started by sitting my mum on the sofa and using cushions to make the angles. Once I decided on my shape I took some photos then drew round another student on a large piece of paper to give me my outline.

Now I have my curve shape drawn out, I used the measurements I collected from before to draw on exactly where the bottles would need to go and therefore where I need to make holes. This drawing shows that I am going to need 15 wine bottles down one side therefore altogether I will be using 30 wine bottles. The next stage was to transfer the paper drawing onto the piece of wood. In total I would need 4 pieces of wood that fit together with the bottles.


After transferring the design from the paper with the correct measurements onto the piece of wood, it was cut roughly into shape using the band saw.

I spent time sanding and filing down the edges of the wood to give it a smooth finish and remove all the burn marks, I was then able to draw around this shape onto the second piece of wood. To make sure the holes were in the same place on both pieces of wood I placed one piece on top of the other then using the hand drill ,made a small hole where I marked earlier.

I was left with a curved shape. I knew that 15 bottle holes had to fit down this piece of wood so I marked on evenly where the holes would need to be placed about 3cm apart each time. I would have two pieces of wood with large holes for the base of the bottles then the other two pieces would have smaller holes for the lids. Using coral draw I made a circle shape the same size as the wine bottle holes needed, the circle had a small dot taken out from the centre this allowed me to mark on the centre of each hole correctly each time.  


When the first piece of wood had been sanded with glass paper and I felt it was at the correct shape I placed the first wooden shape on top of a second piece of plywood and drew around it. I had to do this 3 times in total so I was left with 4 pieces of wood, sanded down and ready.

Now I have the four pieces of wood sanded and ready I began to think about drilling the holes, starting with the bigger ones for the base of the bottle. I took time experiment with the drill piece trying to find the exact measurements so the holes were the correct size.

I used the correct measurements on the drill size and then went ahead and began to drill holes, 15 on each piece of wood in total. This was made easier due to the fact I had already marker the centre of each circle, therefore each circle was accurate and would line up when the bottles are inserted.


Once I had drilled the holes for the base of the wine bottles on two pieces of wood, I moved onto the last 2 pieces of wood which hold the necks of the wine bottles. I experiments with drill pieces until I found the perfect fit for the bottle necks.

Again I had to drill 15 holes down the piece of wood. I had previously used the centre points of one piece of wood and marked them on all the rest, so again this job was made simpler and more accurate by already having the centre markings. I spent time doing this job slowly as I wanted each hole to be tidy and neat. One I had drilled the holes in both pieces of wood, I moved onto sanding all the holes on all 4 pieces of wood. I used a vice to hold the wood up and used two different gradients of sand paper, 80 and 140 to finish with. I also used a file to get rid of any excess wood that was left by the drill.


Now that all the holes had been drilled and sanded, I felt it was time to fit it together roughly to check all the holes were lined up and to double check I was happy with the shape and how the chair was going to work. I slotted in 4 wine bottles, they fitted perfectly and the four pieces of wood lined up evenly. I used this time to mark on where I was going to drill the holes ready to insert the wooden Dowling, I am adding Dowling to hold the four pieces of wood together and avoid any unwanted movement. The only problem I came across at this stage in the making was that the holes for the base of the bottles were slightly to tight, this was easily solved by using a Bench top spindle sander (Top far right). This machine enabled me to place the holes around the sander and sand down without changing the shape drastically.

I chose quite a think piece of Dowling as I wanted it to hold the pieces of wood together firmly. Again, I used the hand drill and made holes where I had previously marked. In total I drilled 8 small holes ready for the Dowling to be inserted. I began by using a tape measure to work out how long each piece of Dowling would need to be, then used a hand saw to split it into four pieces. I used the rotary sanded to smooth down the ends. When it came to inserting the Dowling into the holes It was slightly to tight and I didn't’t want the wine bottles to encounter any damage. Therefore I used sand paper by hand to quickly sand down the Dowling, I then used a mallet to gently push the Dowling through, it was a tight fit meaning no excess movement would be made. However I did use some wood glue in the drilled holes just to keep it in place.


To finish my chair the wood needed have a varnish to give it a protective finish. On a scrap piece of wood I sampled different coloured varnishes including, transparent, yellow and a dark brown. The key part of my chair is the wine bottles so I didn’t want the colour of varnish to take to much attention away, therefore I decided to go with the transparent varnish. I used a brush to varnish each piece of wood by hand. After one coat of varnish I sanded the pieces of wood down using a very fine grain sand paper, this was to reduce any imperfections, I then added a second coat of varnish.

Final Product


Feedback What is your overall view of the chair? I think the chair looks great, I was pleasantly surprised by how comfy the bottles were against my back. I liked the finish of the wood, and the whole shape of the chair suited my body shape well and easily took my weight. What positive criticism could you give me? The bottles against my body were comfortable however the head rest was not. A bottle themed head rest would have completed the product .

What is your overall view of the chair? It is such a unique piece of furniture, its like a piece of art in itself. I was surprised at how much weight it could hold, to begin with I was a bit worried id break the chair, but I've been proved wrong. When I sat on the chair it felt like a massaging chair from the curves of the bottle. What positive criticism could you give me? The only thing I could suggest is cushions. One going up the middle where the bottle caps are just to give a bit of back support and a headrest.

Evaluation of Specification Now that I have made my chair I am going to evaluate my initial specification, I can now talk about materials in more detail and estimate a target cost. Aesthetics My chair is defiantly more of a lounger due to the shape of it curving around someone's back, it has a modern and simple look to it with the wine bottles making it very unique. Life in service When used at home my chai r should last a few years, I have made the frame of the chair very sturdy and the bottles fit in place tightly. The Dowling has been glued and pinned into place and should therefore hold the wear and tear of most other loungers/chairs. Target Cost My product is a unique design and there is not a chair the same in the market, however the chair would need to have a reasonable and affordable price.

Materials To make my chair I have used plywood as the frame and some Dowling to hold it all together. Maintenance My product shouldn’t need regular maintenance, it may need a dust every now and then and the wood may need polishing but overall it should stay sturdy and strong.

Environment As my chair is designed to be used inside the materials I chose didn't need to be durable to weather conditions. I did however choose materials that are suitable home environment. The wood will fit in most rooms and will not be affected by the temperature etc. Competition My chair is unique, other designers have used wine bottles to make clocks and tables but never gone as far as reusing 30 of them to make a lounger that actually looks like a modern piece of furniture, in the initial spec I said I wanted my chair to be unique, and I have defiantly completed that aim. Manufacturing and Production To make this chair I have used the school workshop and have therefore only been able to use the smaller machinery that is available however if my chair was to be made in larger quantities I would use factory processes including milling. Safety My chair needs to be safe enough for a person of any weight to be able to sit on, I mentioned this chair is designed to be used inside and therefore the user can decide if this is a practical piece of furniture for there living environment.

Evaluation- Materials used The main material I used to make my chair is plywood and wine bottles. I hadn't used plywood on such a large scale before therefore took time experimenting with the varnishes and how I was going to cut the wood. Plywood Choosing the wood for my chair was a very important aspect of the design process as it is holding the wine bottles together and is the one of the most visual parts of my chair. I decided to go with plywood as it is: •  Cheap- keeps production costs to a minimum •  Durable- will withstand weight of average human and last the guaranteed life time •  Machined wood- has even dimensions and flat surface throughout the length of the sheet •  Ease of use- can be cut and shaped with basic tools, very useful when in a school workshop Before beginning to make the chair I carried out various experiments with the machine drill. I had to get the precise measurements for the spacing of the bottles so the wood would not split. When carrying out these experiments I was using soft wood and found that it split too easily therefore decided plywood to be the best option. v

Wine Bottles The main aim of my project was to find a way of re-using items that get thrown away for the wrong reasons. I ended up choosing wine bottles as they are commonly thrown away in bulk in busy businesses such as restaurants. The wine bottles proved to be a great success. •  I re-used 30 bottles that would have originally been thrown away to create a piece of furniture that can be used on a daily basis. •  The curved shape of the wine bottles made a suitable base to sit on, and gave a massaging effect proving I chose the right size and shape bottles in the design process Dowling The Dowling was a great match to the plywood and fulfilled its purpose to a high standard. I needed something to hold all four pieces of wood together so that when it came to fitting the wine bottles and using the chair it wouldn't’t come apart. The Dowling sat tightly in the holes drilled but I used wood glue to make sure it all stayed correctly in place.

Conclusion of materialsOverall I believe I have selected the right materials for my product as they have all fulfilled there purpose of being part of a strong structural and aesthetically pleasing chair. In future I would definitely choose to use plywood again as it was so easy to work with and saves time on sanding down as it has a smooth finish when supplied.

Evaluation- Production methods and changes If my product was to be made in commercial settings the process would need to be a lot less time consuming and practical to be made in bulk. Sanding- In the workshop I manually sanded my four pieces of wood down using the hand sander, and occasionally just a block of wood with sand paper, making the job very time consuming. I also had to sand down each piece of wood for a second time after it had been varnished. Therefore I think in a factory setting commercial sanders would be used, this would save time and cost. Wood cutting- In the workshop I used a band saw to cut out the outline of my chair, this was the quickest way it could have been done in these settings. If this product was to be manufactured in a commercial setting a laser cutter would be used to cut the wood ply by ply and then stuck together with the grain at 90 degree angle to the previous ply with a specialist resin. Drilling holes- To drill the holes in my pieces of wood ready for the wine bottles to fit in I used a hand drill, this was a very time consuming process as I had to drill 15 holes in each piece of wood. If in a commercial setting I think a large machine drill would be used without any human operation needed as the machine would run of a computer programme, therefore man hours would only be needed for loading and unloading machine.

Varnishing- I varnished all four pieces of wood using a brush by hand, this was very time consuming as I had to do two coats and make sure there were no uneven brush marks, in the workshop this was the best way to varnish however if this product was to be varnished in a commercial setting I would use an industrial spryer to save time and give an even coat of varnish. Changes made in the making stage- Making my chair in the workshop went according to plan with only a few problems in counter, all could be overcome. •  Dowling to thick- I used sand paper by hand to sand down each piece of Dowling, then used a mallet to gently push each piece of into place. To make sure no movement encountered with the wine bottles I wedged some pieces of scrap wood in between each gap stopping any unwanted movement made by the Dowling being pushed in. •  Holes for base of wine bottles to tight- I used the bench top spindle sander to get each hole slightly looser for the bottles to sit in.

Evaluation- Potential development Development of design and idea- As a development of this idea I could go on to design and make a table that is similar to my chair. Using reused wine bottles and plywood again to create a second piece of furniture. I have come up with a design for a table made out of re-used wine bottles. The table be made out of the same materials as my chair so they would sit next to each other nicely and look aesthetically pleasing. There would be 3 wooden circles each separated by wine bottles, I would use the bench drill to create holes for the bottles and hold it all together with Dowling. The purpose of a table is for drinks etc. that often get spilt, I could add a layer of glass or plastic on the top piece of wood to create an even surface that is easy to clean. The two stands on the bottom of the table could be made of wood then covered in leather to math the headrest of my chair.

Development of chair- There are a couple ways I have thought about developing my chair, mainly based around the comfort of my final design. Idea 1- I would begin by adding a headrest to the top of my chair, adding comfort to the neck and head. I would use a plump cushion covered in black leather, this fits in with the overall look of my chair and adds comfort. Idea 2- A second idea for development would be to add a cushion that runs all the way down the length of the chair to give added back support, when sitting on the wine bottles it can be slightly uncomfortable in some places due to different back shapes and sizes.

Idea  1  

Idea  2  

A Level Product Design