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Mycenaean Sanctuary On the hill of Agios Konstantinos, lying on the east coast of the peninsula of Methana, a large Mycenaean complex dating to the Late Helladic IIIA-B period (14th-13th c. BC) has been identified. The excavator has interpreted the complex as a religious one. It must have been an extremely important Mycenaean religious center and, as its extensive and organized installations attest, would have been highly influential in the greater Argosaronic Gulf region. The main cult area consisted of a room (Room A) with a stepped bench and other constructions; a great quantity of figurines and other votives, ritual implements, and sacrificial remains were found inside it. Various auxiliary spaces supported the sanctuary’s function, as did two Mycenaean megarons, one of which (Building G) was incorporated into the complex, while the other (Building Z), which was of monumental dimensions, stood on its own in the middle of a large open space which most likely was used for celebrations and festivals. The cult probably was related to a male divinity, perhaps Poseidon, as evidenced by the votive offerings found in the sanctuary. Worship of Poseidon is attested by the Linear B tablets found at Pylos and Knossos, and Poseidon continued to be worshipped at Methana as “Phytalmios” in the historical period as well. The abundant finds are on exhibit in the Museums of Piraeus and Poros. West of the Mycenaean sanctuary and not far from it, a large Late Roman farmhouse was revealed with an olive press in situ. In the fields east and south of the sanctuary on the slopes of the hill, other visible building remains have been found, but have not yet been investigated. Text: Ch. Kazazaki


Navigating the Roots of Art and Culture - Part 3  
Navigating the Roots of Art and Culture - Part 3