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22 oinoe tower THE FORTRESS OF OINOE Open to visitors but not an organised archaeological site Access Oinoe Tower: By car, or taking the KTEL bus line (terminus Thissio metro station), 48th km Athens-Corinth Old National Road Oinoe Fortress: By car, on the road to Panakton and the monastery of Hosios Meletios from the village of Oinoe

OINOE TOWER The isolated square tower of Oinoe (dim. 8 x 8 m) preserves its northwest corner to a height of 14 m and 32 courses. The four lower courses are constructed of concrete limestone; the upper courses are of conglomerate. The different building materials and masonry styles indicate two building phases, the more recent of which is datable to the mid-4th c. BC. From joist-holes visible in the interior of the tower which held the floor-beams, it is estimated that there were four floors, with the top row of joist-holes supporting the roof. Floors 2, 3, and 4 had archers’ slots, and there is evidence that the upper floor had two windows for small catapults. The entrance was probably on the north side. The location of the tower, its size, and equipment suggest a military use. It must have controlled the main Athens-Thebes road that ran a little to the north and served as a beacon because of its visual contact with at least three other strategic positions. The tower controlled the northwest borders of Attica and formed part of the more general Athenian system of defense during the 4th c. BC. THE FORTRESS OF OINOE (ANCIENT MYOUPOLIS) This is the only fortress in the plain. The masonry of its three construction phases date it to the 5th c. BC and mid-4th c. BC, while it was repaired in the Hellenistic period. The fortress served to protect the rural population that cultivated the area for the benefit of the Athenians. Text: P. Valta

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Navigating the Roots of Art and Culture - Part 3  
Navigating the Roots of Art and Culture - Part 3  
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