Page 1


August 2018 Next Meeting

August 8 (6:30 p.m.) Topic: Extending the Vegetable Season in Your Garden Speaker: Carol Michel, May Dreams Gardens September 12 (6:30 p.m.) Field Trip: Adrian’s Orchard (History and Apple Cider Process) Future Meetings: October 10 November 14 December 12

Meetings occur the second Wednesday of each month at 6:30 p.m. at Garfield Park unless otherwise noted. Purdue University is an equal opportunity / equal access / affirmative action university. If you require an accommodation or special assistance to attend these programs due to a disability, please contact Steve Mayer at 317.275.9290. Some accommodations may require 2 weeks notice.

President’s Letter Greetings Fellow Gardeners, First of all, thank you again for all who participated in our July Centerpiece Contest. All of the arrangements made beautiful centerpieces on our tables during our July picnic. It’s hard to believe that it’s August and it’s time for the Indiana State Fair. The Indiana State Fair opened August 3 and runs through August 19. I’m sure that most of you are volunteering at the Purdue Master Gardener Demonstration Garden. The demonstration garden was created on the Indiana State Fairgrounds in 2012 by Purdue Extension-Marion County staff and Master Gardener volunteers. The demonstration garden features annual flowers and vegetables. I was on the state fair website ( and found a list of 100 free things to do this year at the fair. I’ve listed some of them below:  Create beautiful flowers out of paper— Pioneer Village  Visit the Indiana State Department of Agriculture Exhibit to learn more about agriculture in Indi-

ana in an exciting way —Normandy Barn

 See what Indiana Birds of Prey are all about—- DNR Building  View LIVE nature shows—DNR Amphitheater  Visit Indiana’s Urban Garden/Take-Out Garden and complete the scavenger hunt to receive a

free garden kit to take home and plant! — Greenhouse

 Visit beautiful butterflies at the Butterfly Exhibit — DNR Building  Hear from Gene Stratton-Porter – an Indiana author, naturalist and conservationist – DNR


 Stop by Hunter’s Honey Farm – Purdue Extension Ag./Hort. Building  Learn about water preservation and conservation at the Pathway to Water Quality Exhibit –

South of the MetroPCS Family Fun Park

 Visit and pet an array of livestock animals at Animal Town presented by Indiana Farm Bureau

– East End of Hoosier Lottery Grandstand

 See all of your favorite animals at the Petting Zoo – FFA Pavilion  Fulfill your cravings at Taste from Indiana Farms – Farm Bureau Building —Continued on Page 4

Newsletter Editor: Oren Cooley Learn more at:

“A garden requires patient labor and attention. Plants do not grow merely to satisfy ambitions or to fulfill good intentions. They thrive because someone expended effort on them.” — Liberty Hyde Bailey (1858-1954) American horticulturist and botanist

2 Garfield Gardener

Garfield Park Conservatory Tours

Next GPMGA Meeting: August 8 Prepare for an evening of entertainment and information beginning at 6:30 p.m. on Wednesday, August 8, in the Garfield Park Conservatory classroom. Author Carol Michel will be sharing ways of Extending the Vegetable Season in Your Garden.

August 11 (2:30 p.m.) Arlene Bow Oren Cooley John Montgomery August 25 (2:30 p.m.) Arlene Bow Oren Cooley John Montgomery Anyone interested in becoming a tour guide should contact Victoria Metheaux at

At the Conservatory Garfield Park, while being a very urban park, is a sanctuary for wildlife. Join a park naturalist on a walk through the park from 8:00 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. on August 18 to search for the park’s birds. For more information or to register, visit programsevents.

Carol is a lifelong gardener with a bachelor’s degree in horticulture production from Purdue University, is the author of Potted and Pruned: Living a Gardening Life and Homegrown and Handpicked: A Year in a Gardening Life. Carol may bring copies of her books to the meeting for purchase and signing. She regularly writes for Indiana Gardening and her award -winning garden blog, A quote from Carol’s blog . . . “All year I dream of the days of May when the sun is warm, the sky is blue, the grass is green, and the garden is all new again!” She is an avid collector of old gardening books and claims to have the largest hoe collection in the world.

Upcoming Hospitality Help If you wish to help with a future meeting, please contact Jeanne Corder at If you wish to help with the December pitch-in, contact Sue Hoyt at

2018 GPMGA Officers/Committee Chairs President Carrie Alumbaugh

Program Director Barb Jablonski

Newsletter/Publicity Director Oren Cooley

Immediate Past President/Secretary Nancy Boettner

Hospitality—Snack Coordinator Jeanne Corder

Conservatory Tour Coordinator Victoria Metheaux

Vice President Lane Judkins

Hospitality—Set-up Coordinator Bill Bernstein

Historian Jayne Queck

Treasurer Cindy Maude

Hospitality—Pitch-In Coordinator Sue Hoyt

Plant Sale Kay Martin-Pence

Questions about Reporting Hours Debbie Schelske

Please contact the officers and chairs of the Garfield Park Master Gardener Association if you have any questions or suggestions .

3 Garfield Gardener

Fall Gardening Extends Garden Season Fall is an excellent time to grow many vegetable crops in Indiana when the gardener can take advantage of cooler temperatures and more plentiful moisture.

Garfield Park Master Gardener Association in association with

Many spring-planted crops, such as radishes, lettuce and spinach, tend to bolt (produce seed) and become bitter in response to long, hot summer days. Fall gardening helps extend your gardening season so that you can continue to harvest produce after earlier crops have faded. Some vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower and Brussels sprouts, are better adapted to fall gardening since they produce best quality and flavor when they can mature during cooler weather. In Indiana, spring tends to heat up rather quickly. In addition, for many crops, insect and disease pests are not as much of a problem in fall plantings. Many vegetable crops are well adapted to planting in late summer for a fall harvest. Use fast-maturing cultivars whenever possible to ensure a harvest before killing frost occurs. Check with your local garden centers for available plants and seed. Or if you order by mail, keep the fall garden in mind while planning your spring garden seeds and plants. Seeds of the cultivars you want may be out of stock by late summer. To prepare your garden for a fall crop, remove all previous crop residues and any weed growth. Rototill or spade at least 6-8 inches deep. One to two pounds of a general analysis fertilizer, such as 12-12-12, may be applied per 100 square feet of bed area. Be sure to thoroughly mix the fertilizer with the soil. Late summer plantings often suffer from hot soil and a lack of water. Soils may form a hard crust over the seeds, which can interfere with seed germination, particularly in heavy soils. Use a light mulch of vermiculite, compost or peat moss over the seed row to prevent a crust from forming. —Continued on Page 4

Minutes of July 11 Meeting Program  Program: GPMGA Annual Picnic; Garden Centerpieces Contest Business Meeting  President - Carrie Alumbaugh: Welcome; Grant for plantings at Art Center, members encouraged to visit area, current plantings include sumac shrubs, additional work planned in the future; GP upcoming activities—Stepping Stones Workshop, Urban Bird Walks, Family Garden Crafts, Nature Strolls, Super Succulents, All About Bees Workshops; Annual Agreement—All must complete; Indiana State Fair (Aug 3- 19)—volunteer opportunities available; Indiana MG State Conference – Attendees enjoyed tour, speakers, conference center, presentation on hydroponics pertinent given the poor condition of soil and feeding the ever growing population, cover crops suggested to improve soil  Pictures of Cool Ponds trip: Thanks to Barb; Plan to post her photos on website  Friends of Garfield Park Projects: No update  Secretary- Nancy Boettner: No updates beyond minutes published in newsletter  Treasurer- Cindy Maude: Checking balance $4,784.93 as of July 1, does not include money from plant sale  Hospitality-Sue Hoyt, Jean Corder, Bill Bernstein: Snacks covered for August  Newsletter/Communications-Oren Cooley: Keep articles coming  Programs-Barb Jablonski: Carol Michel in August  Historian-Jayne Queck: Traveling  Conservatory Tours-Victoria Metheaux: No issues —Nancy Boettner, GPMGA Secretary

Purdue Extension - Marion County Discovery Hall, Suite 201 Indiana State Fairgrounds 1202 East 38th Street Indianapolis, IN 46205 Phone: 317.275.9290 FAX: 317.275.9309 E-mail: Answerline: 317.275.9292 or It is the policy of the Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue University is an Affirmative Action institution. This material may be available in alternative formats. If you require an accommodation or special assistance to attend programs due to a disability, please contact Steve Mayer at 317.275.9290. Some accommodations may require 2 weeks notice. Purdue does not endorse nor disclaim information that appears in this newsletter. It is intended only for informational purposes. Questions: Contact Steve Mayer at or Debbie Schelske at

Helping Others Grow Sharing Knowledge Volunteer Commitment

4 Garfield Gardener

From the Bookshelf . . . The Writer in the Garden by Jane Garmey (editor) "I am strongly of the opinion” declared British horticulturist and garden designer Gertrude Jekyll, "that the possession of a quantity of plants, however good the plants may be themselves and however ample their number, does not make a garden." Idiosyncratic, determined, and occasionally obsessed, gardeners have a lot to say about their outdoor passion. The Writer in the Garden brings together a host of writing gardeners and gardening writers reveling in their quirks, confessing their shortcomings and sharing their experiences. Combing through a hundred years of garden writing, editor Jane Garmey has discovered some great contemporary works and rediscovered many classics. Drawing on the work of more than fifty writers, The Writer in the Garden covers subjects ranging from the beauty of the garden to ornery weeds, the hazards of rare plant collecting and the tribulations of inclement weather. The collection includes a range of authors from both sides of the Atlantic: from Edith Wharton, who insists that we could all learn a thing or two about design from the Italians, to Stephen Lacey, who reveals that his most exciting gardening moments are spent in the bath. Some of the other writers in the collection are: E. B. White, Beverly Nichols, Ken Druse, Eleanor Perenyi, W. S. Merwin, Mirabel Osler, Henry Mitchell, Jamaica Kincaid, Robert Dash, Sara B. Stein, Michael Pollan, M.F.K. Fisher, Anne Raver, Patti Hagan and Paula Deitz. "It isn't that I don't like sweet disorder, but it has to be judiciously arranged", wrote Vita Sackville-West. This volume of writings is a delightful romp through that gardening arrangement.

President’s Letter

(continued from Page 1)

 Learn about healthy cooking at the Little Red Door Cancer Agency’s Eat Well, Live Well, Cooking Demos - Purdue Extension Ag/.Hort. Building  Marvel at the giant cheese sculpture sculpted by Sarah Kaufmann (“The Cheese Lady”) and presented by American Dairy Association Indiana, Inc. – Purdue Extension Ag./Hort. Building  Determine who can spit a watermelon seed the farthest at the Watermelon Seed Spitting Contest – Purdue Extension Ag./Hort. Building  Decide on your favorite hot air balloon and cheer it on at the Giant Hot Air Balloon Race – Hoosier Lottery Grandstand  Watch “Light Up the Night”, featuring the Illuminated Tractor Parade & Hot Air Balloon Night Glow – Hoosier Lottery Grandstand  Watch the Indiana State Fair Parade – Main Street  Discover unique talents during 4-H Performing Arts – 4-H Exhibit Hall These were just a few of the events listed on website: state-fair/100-free-things/the Indiana. I think it’s great that some things are FREE at the fair. I hope everyone gets a chance to go to the Indiana State Fair this year! The annual Bloomington Garlic Festival is September 1-2 at Third Street Park. Planting demonstrations, health benefits explained, prepared food, t-shirts and Garlic available for purchase. No admission charge. This event held simultaneously with the Bloomington Art Fair. Fun for all ages. Hope to see everyone at our August meeting! —Carrie Alumbaugh, GPMGA President

Fall Gardening

(continued from Page 3)

Seeds of lettuce, peas and spinach will not germinate well as soil temperature reaches 85 F and above. Shading the soil and using a light mulch over the seed row will help keep the temperature more favorable for germination. Planting the seeds slightly deeper than spring plantings also may be beneficial since temperatures will be slightly cooler and moisture more plentiful. Do not allow seedlings and young transplants to dry out excessively. Apply 1 inch of water in a single application each week to thoroughly moisten the soil, if rainfall is inadequate. Young seedlings may need to be watered more often during the first week or two of growth. Young transplants may benefit from light shade for the first few days until their new roots become established. Some vegetables that are already growing in the garden will continue to produce well into the fall, but are damaged by even a light frost. Some crops are considered semihardy and will withstand a light frost without protection. Others are hardy enough to withstand several hard frosts. Many common vegetables are listed in Table 1 according to their frost tolerance. Indiana often enjoys several more weeks of good growing after the first frost. You can extend the fall growing Table 1. Cold Temperature Tolerance of Vegetables season for tender crops by protecting them through early light frosts by covering beds appropriately. The season can be extended even further by planting crops in a cold frame or hot bed. by Rosie Lerner

Newfields’ Day of Flight August 25 Have an in-depth encounter with native birds and pollinators, and discover how a better understanding of urban wildlife benefits the city during Day of Flight from 8:30 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. on August 25 on the grounds of Newfields (the Indianapolis Museum of Art). Participants will see the delicate wings of a hummingbird, the flight of a raptor and the wingspan of the magnificent hawk. From the birds, attendees will move on to the bees to learn how a hive is managed—and then on to how a butterfly goes through its life cycle. In addition, visiting naturalists will be catching, banding and releasing both hummingbirds and song birds to check their health and gain more information about their migration patterns. For the day’s schedule or for more information, visit

Indiana Wildlife Federation Offers Kits Indiana Wildlife Federation (IWF) offers for purchase plant kits that feature a variety of native flowers, shrubs and trees to spruce up yards or create new habitats. In partnership with local Indiana Native Plant Nursery, Cardno, the IWF provides a selection of native plant kits, bare root shrubs and trees and seed packets. Each plant kit contains 50 native plants that will be delivered to your door. Every purchase supports IWF and Indiana’s wildlife. The plant kits available are: Bird/Butterfly Kit Sand Coreopsis, Purple Prairie Clover, Button Eryngo, Wild Bergamot, Black-Eyed Susan, Common Spiderwort, Sundial Lupine, Hoary Verbena, Little Bluestem, Pinnate Prairie Cornflower Pollinator Kit Sundial Lupine, Common Spiderwort, Blue/White Wild Indigo, Nodding Onion, Butterfly Milkweed, Rough Blazing Star, Pinnate Prairie Cornflower, Blue Mistflower, Virginia Mountain Mint Prairie Kit Side Oats Grama, Stiff Tickseed, Purple Prairie Clover, Rough Blazing Star, Wild Bergamot, Wild Quinine, Showy Goldenrod Prairie Grass Kit Prairie Sandreed, Troublesome Sedge, Purple Lovegrass, American Beakgrain Rain Garden Kit Nodding Onion, Purple Prairie Clover, Great Blue Lobelia, Riddle’s Goldenrod, Virginia Mountain Mint, Brown-Eyed Susan, Smooth Blue Aster, Prairie Ironweed, Wild Quinine Shade Kit Blue Giant Hyssop, Tall Thimbleweed, Candle Anenome, Hairy Pagoda Plant, American Beakgrain, Hairy Wildrye, Spotted Geranium, Greek Valerian, Zig Zag Goldenrod, Prairie Ironweed, Early Meadow-Rue Wetland Kit Calamus, Bottlebrush Sedge, Common Boneset, Common Sneezewood, Swamp Verbena, Golden Alexander Please note that, due to availability and growing conditions, substitutions may be made for certain species within kits. For more information visit

5 Garfield Gardener

Update: Saving Ash Trees The Indiana Parks Alliance (IPA) has surpassed its fundraising goal for its Save Our Ash Trees campaign. IPA has collected more than $28,000 for the project, including a $20,000 grant from the Dr. Laura Hare Charitable Trust. The grant will be used for treatment of ash trees at least seven state parks and state nature preserves. Besides the grant, several other organizations made contributions, including the Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society and several local state park and nature preserves friends groups, such as those at McCormick’s Creek, Ft. Harrison and Limberlost, In addition, many IPA members donated anywhere from $35 to $1,000. The IPA is delighted that these donations will help save strategic stands of ash trees from the devastating emerald ash borer. The average cost of treating one mature ash tree is approximately $200. Ash trees have been located and targeted for treatment at Turkey Run State Park, Shades State Park, McCormick’s Creek State Park, Harmonie State Park, Shrader-Weaver Nature Preserve and Big Walnut Nature Preserve. The insecticide being used is Emamectin Benzoate, which is not a neonicotinoid, and is safe for pollinators like honey bees. The Emerald Ash Borer is an invasive insect that has killed tens of millions of ash trees since it first came to the U.S. in 2002. As of March 2017, EAB has been documented in all 92 counties in Indiana. Ash trees compose about 15-20% of Indiana forests. For more information, visit http://

6 Garfield Gardener

Extension Horticulture Hints—AUGUST 2018 Steve Mayer, Extension Educator-Horticulture, Purdue Extension-Marion County Steve Mayer, Extension Educator-Horticulture for Purdue Extension-Marion County, serves as coordinator and instructor for the Purdue Master Gardener program in Marion County.

August Garden Calendar Tips Note: Letters & numbers following the tip refer to Purdue publications; other reference links may also be supplied.  First Week: First Week: Another application of fer-

Image: All-America Selections

Now is the Time to Get Social! We need your help! The Purdue Extension-Marion County Demonstration Garden is participating in the 2018 All-America Selections (AAS) Display Garden Challenge. The theme this year is Get Social in the Garden. Visit our garden during the Indiana State Fair and/ or afterwards (through September 15). Take a photo in the garden and post on social media such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram. Use the following hashtag in your posts: #AASWinners

tilizer in early August will often help strawberry fruit bud formation (HO-46). < pubs/HO/HO-46.pdf>  Second Week: Buy high quality grass seed when purchasing seed for the lawn (AY-25). <>  Third Week: The ideal time to plant daylilies is mid -August through September (HO-16).  Fourth Week: Make another seeding of leaf lettuce and spinach (HO-29). Follow me on Twitter @purduehortindy (or view at: for more tips. You don’t have to be on Twitter to simply view my comments. You can also see my tweets on each Master Gardener association website: < and http://>.

You can take a selfie, take a photo of others enjoying the garden, or photograph your favorite AAS awardwinning vegetable or flower. Remember to use #AASWinners when posting on social media. Thanks for getting social in our garden!

Here are AAS Winners Sunflower Suntastic Yellow with Black Center & Zinnia Profusion Double Hot Cherry with a shrubby form of The Rising Sun redbud in the AAS Display Garden in Indy (Photo: Steve Mayer, 7/29/18)

Visit the Purdue Extension Demonstration Garden: < article.aspx?intItemID=4498>

Image: All-America Selections

7 Garfield Gardener

The Question Box August 2018 Steve Mayer, Extension Educator-Horticulture Purdue Extension-Marion County

Japanese beetle damage in the Purdue Extension demonstration garden was the worst ever encountered (garden began in 2012). (Photo: Steve Mayer, 7/15/2018) Crabgrass is more difficult to control with lawn herbicides late in the season. (Photo: Steve Mayer, 8/5/2018)

Q. I am involved with a homeowners association and we are having some yards that are overcome with crabgrass. What should we do about it? A. We generally recommend that you do not attempt to control crabgrass with herbicides after mid-July because crabgrass plants are usually too large to control effectively. It is better to simply tolerate the crabgrass until it dies with the first frost. There are many non-chemical control measures for crabgrass. They are highlighted here: Cultural control measures, such as proper mowing, watering and fertilizing, can be very effective against crabgrass. Another option, if needed, is to apply a preemergence herbicide in the spring (typically in early April). Q. I am seeing leaf damage on invasive honeysuckle plants. What is causing it? Will it kill the plant? I hope. A. If you are seeing the following symptoms, honeysuckle leaf blight is probably the cause. Unfortunately, overall plant health is rarely affected. Death is unlikely and control of the fungus is not needed. The symptoms of honeysuckle leaf blight are as follows. The disease first appears in the spring on newly emerging leaves. It begins with leaf yellowing and progresses to tan-brown. Dry, brown areas appear, often with leaf twisting or rolling. The leaves usually drop prematurely. For more information and photos of this disease, go to:

Q. Japanese beetles were particularly bad this year. Are there any changes in control recommendations? A. After more than a decade of relatively low numbers, populations of Japanese beetles skyrocketed in some areas. Japanese beetle damage in the Purdue Extension demonstration garden in Indianapolis was the worst ever encountered. Purdue Extension recently updated Japanese beetle publication E-75 (March 2018): <https://>. This provides current recommendations. For more info, consult the news article I wrote in the August 2018 issue of Senior Life â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Indianapolis: <http:// si-08-01-18.pdf> If insecticide sprays are needed, it is very important to choose the correct product and apply it properly to avoid potential damage to beneficial pollinators. Read the environmental hazard section on the label. The following Colorado Extension publication gives good information on Pollinator Hazards and Cautions for specific products: < japanese-beetle-5-601/>. However, check the label. Product use may vary by state.

8 Garfield Gardener

Show / Event Calendar August 22 (7:00 p.m.) St. Peter’s Rain Garden & Prairie Tour St. Peter’s United Church of Christ 3106 E. Carmel Drive, Carmel

Until August 19 Indiana State Fair Indiana State Fairgrounds 1202 E. 38th St., Indianapolis August 13 (1:30 p.m.) Iris Growers of Eastern Indiana Meeting 1200 N. Minnetrista Parkway, Muncie Contact: 1-765-213-3540 August 13 (6:30 p.m.) Unusual and Underused Garden Plants Indianapolis Hosta Society Holliday Park Nature Center 6363 Spring Mill Road, Indianapolis August 18 (8:00 to 11:00 a.m.) Rain on Main Carmel Farmers Market Center Green, Carmel. August 18 (10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.) Indiana Daylily-Iris Society Annual Sale Sullivan Hardware and Garden 6955 N. Keystone Avenue, Indianapolis

August 25 (8:30 a.m.-1:00 p.m.) Newfields’ Day of Flight (Indianapolis Museum of Art) 4000 N. Michigan Road, Indianapolis day-flight September 10 Gardening for Monarchs Kylee Baumle MCMGA-GPMGA Evening Meeting September 14-16 Autumn Asters: Midwest Native Plant Society Workshop Shawnee State Park Lodge and Conference Center Portsmouth, Ohio workshops/ November 3 INPAWS Annual Conference

Bloomington Garlic Festival September 1-2 Enjoy the 2018 Bloomington GarlicFEST & Community Art Fair on Saturday, September 1, and Sunday, September 2, for an all-ages sensory celebration beginning daily at 11 a.m. at the city’s Waldron Hill Buskirk (Third Street) Park. Bloomington GarlicFEST features food, local artists, live music, a kidzone, cooking competition, yoga, planting demonstrations, health benefits explained, prepared food, t-shirts and, of course, garlic available for purchase. The event has no admission charge. Brought to you by Garlic, Inc., Bloomington GarlicFEST strives to bring the community together to offer all ages an opportunity to celebrate healthy lifestyle choices, support local artists and musicians, and participate in interactive areas of the festival. Since the event occurs outdoors, the event’s organizers encourage participants to bring sunglasses, sunblock, hat, folding chair and picnic blankets. This event will coincide with the Fourth Street Art Fair that same weekend, just 2 blocks away. For more information, visit

Volunteer Opportunities August 18 (11:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.) Summer of Plogging Clean-up One part running + one part litter cleanup = an awesome way to explore Indianapolis and do something good for nature. Join Keep Indianapolis Beautiful, Inc., in their Summer of Plogging Series! Meet at Garfield Brewery (2310 Shelby Street) for a 6k plog (walk/run combo) to pick up litter throughout the Garfield Park area. Supplies will be handed out at departure. For more information or to register, contact Cathy Mangan, KIBI’s Volunteer Coordinator, at 317-520-8263 or

The Garfield Gardener - August 2018  
The Garfield Gardener - August 2018