G O R H A M W. B I R D _ 1300 Claire Street Opelika, AL 36801
GRADUATE APPLICATION University of Pennsylvania School of Design Post-Professional M. Architecture II Fall 2012
MONTGOMERY LIVE WORK
PELOUZE BUILDING RENOVATION
PAUL RUDOLPH RENOVATION
ROME HISTORICAL ANALYSIS
TALLASSEE FALLS MILL RENOVATION
It is common thought that successful architecture is realized through the genesis of new
experience + writing
Bachelor of Interior Architecture Bachelor of Architecture
drawings + photography
p o r t f o l i o
UNDERGRADUATE PORTFOLIO Auburn University School of Architecture
HINSON + DAGG ARCHITECTS
buildings. People often overlook our existing built environment as potential for new architecture. Fortunately this trend is changing. Just as new construction considers existing
topography and context, adaptive reuse reconsiders the existing built environment for its creation. Adaptive reuse is a successful sustainable plan for the future, not only because the evident benefit of material and energy conservation, but reuse sustains cultural identity through the preservation of buildings within the urban fabric and views history as a trajectory to move forward rather than something to revert back to. The tradition of buildings changing use is not a new occurrence; they have been
CHICAGO CHILDRENâ€™S HOSPITAL
Jefferson Street Perspective, looking West
Montgomery live-work Architecture Thesis 2011 Montgomery, Alabama
Jefferson Street Perspective, looking West ALABAMA RIVER
URBAN PLAN EDGES = BOUNDARIES
CORNERS = SURFACES
Proposed Urban Plan
Transverse Street Section
Street Perspective of Retail Stores
MATERIAL INVESTIGATION FACADE RENDERING
TERRACOTTA FACADE PANELS
MATERIAL EFFECT INTENT
PRECEDENTS DE YOUNG MUSEUM, HERZOG + DE MEURON
BRANDHORST MUSEUM, SAUERBRUCH HUTTON
Proposed North Elevation, along Jefferson Street
Group Photo, 1975.
Paul Rudolph Renovation Interior Architecture Thesis 2011 Auburn, Alabama
Kappa Sigma, 1963.
section perspective through dining and social spaces depicting cross ventilation and lighting strategy
Existing Basement Social Space
Existing South Elevation
An Atmospheric Architecture that Visibly Indexes the Movement of Air Paul Rudolph, a 1940 Auburn graduate, designed the Kappa Sigma Fraternity House in 1960. In 2000, the chapter house caught fire and has been in disrepair since. This thesis proposal creates an architecture of atmosphere, much like what Rudolph depicted in his iconic pen and ink section perspectives. The interior atmosphere is created by the visible indexing of wind, where by elements of the interior display and heighten awareness of such movement. The thesis was reached through a process of on-site atmospheric drawings, Rudolph case studies and site visits, and full scale installations testing atmospheric conditions. Examining problematic spaces, such as the poorly ventilated, dimly lit basement, the proposal focuses on improving and connecting the social spaces within the fraternity house. The thesis proposes an opening within the floorplate of the middle floor to provide cross ventilation from the front entry court, down through the basement and out into the back social court. In addition to the movement of air, light is allowed to penetrate into the basement to increase the natural daylighting effect. The use of directional operable windows and moveable partitioning curtains allows the users to attenuate natural ventilation and index the moment of air, creating a heightened awareness of such. Existing Atmospheric Plan
Tuskeegee University Chapel
Existing Atmospheric Section
the mock up indexes the pocket of space + matter one occupies
curtain moves by the force of pressure changes caused by the opening and closing of doors
This installation sought to study and index the effects of air within a space. By suspending a plastic sheet within the stair, the air circulating within the room visibly moves the sheet. We used a system of suspended markers to track the movement of the curtain as air lifted and displaced it. The installation brought to mind the experiential significance of moving air.
Howeler + Yoon Architecture, Windscreen Installation
System of suspended markers that document the movement of the curtain during atmospheric changes throught the day.
Process Work with Proposed Addition
diagram of ventilation addition
site model with proposed addtion floor plan sketch
Dining Space Perspective
Basement Social Space Perspective
kitchen social space
Ventilation Analysis Utilizing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis, GKDMETALFABRICS diagrams were generated depicting the velocSalvation Army ity of airflow through the two spaces. Location New York, NY Project Type Public Work
Architect Hillier Architecture
Omega 1510 beautifully captures light and adds an elegant backdrop to this small auditorium designed for the Salvation Army. A remarkable transition.
GKD-USA, Inc. 825 Chesapeake Drive Cambridge MD 21613 www.gkdmetalfabrics.com www.gkdmediamesh.com
T 800 453 8616 T 410 221 0542 F 410 221 0544 firstname.lastname@example.org
Solutions Partitions Suspended
Products Omega 1510
â€œThere is delight, then, to be had in things that provide a little liveliness for us, like the splashing of a fountain or the sparkle and flutter of Japanese street decorations. Their activity helps the mind feel a bit more quick-witted in spite of the dullness of a hot, muggy day.â€? Lisa Heshong, Thermal Delight in Architecture, 27.
Attachments Extended loop
GKD Metal Fabrics
awning windows with double doors
Royal Mosa Tile: Beige+Brown
Transverse Detail Section
Proposed Dining Space longitudinal section
Proposed Social Space
Utilizing Ecotect software, daylighting analysis informed the design of the ceiling plane in the basement to accommodate for the proper foot-candle levels based on activity.
Existing Double-Height Living Room
Armstrong Wood Works Acoustic Planks
Pelouze Conference Renovation Interior Architecture Studio 2011 Chicago, Illinois
Exploded Diagram of Intervention
Existing Historic Pelouze Building
Urban Sequence Analysis: Rome
day lit atrium scheme
sectional interconnected space
â€œA Sequence and Public Space that Engages Conference Functions with Private Offices to Promote Coalescence...â€? Instructed to work within a robust and rigid concrete structure, originally sized for
industrial loads, I addressed the primary issues of daylighting, circulation sequence, and social connections within the existing conditions. By manipulating the floor plate to create double height spaces and cross sectional views, I socially mixed the private office with the public conference. Working through the idea that more is accomplished in the hallway outside of a meeting room than within the meeting, the circulation space of the proposal is oversized to accommodate this emphasis.
Spatial Sequence Diagram
View of Auditorium and Interconnected Public Space
Section Perspective of Interconnected Public Space
Transverse Section through Skylit Public Space
2 Detail of Public Coalesced Space View of Sky-light with adjacent office and conference rooms.
View looking down to conference room and auditorium, depicting cross sectional views
Chicago Children’s Hospital Alagasco Competition: Second Place 2010 Chicago, Illinois
section perspective through patient rooms and public function depicting their relationship to the “urban room” of this rich area of Chicago
urban operations setback
lift, tilt, bore
dent to view of activity (city, park, public space)
View from Lakeshore Park, looking West
â€œvisual and social connections serve as psychological motivation to physical healing...â€? This hospital proposes visual and social connections between three primary public spaces and the patient rooms. Visual connection to activity serves as psychological motivation to physical healing and connects the hospital to this extraordinarily rich area of Chicago. Operations at an urban scale serve to enhance the experience at the patient scale. The setback, lift, bore and dent operations enable views from the patient room down to the sky terrace and bored space, as well as down to the park and out to the city. Entering into an atrium, one realizes another world exists looking up through a four floor atrium to the sky terrace, a major public interior and exterior space. Within the patient room, the bathroom is pushed to the facade to shade the windows on the south and west, focus views from the bed, and create an intimate space for patients and visitors, where the ceiling height increases as one approaches the window. Encouraging patients to move to the facade reinforces the healing environment and creates a rich architectural experience.
Photograph of Model, looking West
Outdoor Public Space Entry Sky-lit Atrium, visually connected to other public space
Urban Spatial Section
Detail Section Perspective
Photo of Model looking East
Patient Room Perspective
Detail Patient Floor, north facade
Rome Historical and Urban Analysis Rome Study Abroad 2010 Rome, Italy
Present Day Largo Argentina—the site of four Republican Era Temples, entrance to the Theatre of Pompey, the place of Julius Caesar’s assassination, and a Medieval block demolished by the Fascist Regime—at the heart of modern Rome.
Ancient Plan of Rome, Forma Urbis Romae, 203-211 BC
Nolli Plan of Rome, 1748
Mussollini Demolition + Reconstruction Plans, 1936
Primary thoroughfares through heart of Rome, 2010.
Ancient Rome Reconstructed, Theatre of Pompey and the Republican Era Temples
Aerial View of Largo Argentina, 2010.
Fascist Interventions of Rome: “Rome is our point of departure and reference; it is our symbol or, if you wish, our myth. We dream of a Roman Italy, that is wise and strong, disciplined and imperial. Much of what was the immortal spirit of Rome, resurges in Fascism: Rome is the Lictor, Roman is our organization of combat, Roman is our pride and courage.” Detail from a map of Campus Martius by Étienne Dupérac, 1574.
Mussolini, “Past and Future” speech at Birthday of Rome celebration, 1922
Entrance into the Machine Room, exhibitng the past and future of textiles.
tallassee falls mill renovation WITH DOUG BACON Interior Architecture Studio 2009 Tallassee, Alabama
Existing Textile Mill
Machine Room: Material Documentation
Existing Site along Tallapoosa River
Existing historic machine room
1: Design a Wall/Threshold.
WALLS DEFINING SMOOTH AND STRIATED SPACE AND SEQUENCE EXPLODED DETAIL OF FABRIC FORMED CONCRETE WALL
CONCRETE WALL DETAIL
1 2: Utilize the designed wall to shape existing space in plan.
“It is much better not to cover anything up but to show full nature and part to part, including the the full nature “It isthemuch better notrelationship to cover of anything up but to show
present conditions of each which is a record of howand it gotrelationship that way”. of part to part, including the present conditions of
free form plan
PROCRESS OF WALL
ch better not to cover anything up but to show the full nature and relationship of part to part, including the
3: Material: Fabric FormedFORMED Concrete CONCRETE MATERIAL: FABRIC
conditions of each which is a record of how it got that way”.
Louis Kahn, in reference to the Kimbell Art Museum
CASE STUDY: P_WALL (2009) at SFMOMA
each which is a record of how it got that way”. Louis Kahn, in reference to the Kimbell Art Museum -Louis Kahn
fabric formed plaster
rome drawings Study Abroad Program 2010 Rome, Italy
San Gimignano Sketch
The Birth of Rome
A Rotating Perspective
Largo Argentina Experiential Drawing
bishop-parker facade rendering Architecture Thesis Studio 2011 Montgomery, Alabama
Bishop-Parker Existing Facade
Bishop-Parker Proposed Facade
material perspective The assignment involved the design of a square rectangular space joined by a stair and the drawings include constructed perspectives.
interior constructions Second Year Architecture Studio 2009
shade and shadow rendering
analytique with plan and details
published photography AU Circle
2008 + 2010
Shoshone Falls, 2007.
Tuscan Hilltown, 2010.
House on Hickory Hill, AIA Alabama 2010 Merit Award
As an architectural intern, I was responsible for the presentation/competition drawings for build projects for David Hinson , FAIA and Christian Dagg, AIA.
HINSON + DAGG ARCHITECTS Professional Experience 2009-2011 Auburn, Alabama
Lusche-Boyer Residence AIA Montgomery 2009 Merit Award
History and Theory of Urban Form 2011
Excerpt from “Political Propaganda and Social Engineering: Urban Transformations in Fascist Rome and Post-War America”
Politics is never a good topic for table discussion because it represents what we believe as individuals. Each person’s beliefs are complex and personal: the root of controversy and passion. A politician may mask or alter his or her beliefs as a way to maximize his or her constituency support. However, political intentions and ideologies are absolutely clear when one begins to analyze the urban transformations of cities. Urban interventions in Fascist Rome and the rise of suburban sprawl in the United States were both presented as ideal visions of progress. Rome was forced into this new future by Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, while Americas believed their future was by choice. Methods of social engineering and propaganda were used to deceive and influence citizens into believing the political agendas and decisions were right. The consequence of moving people out of the Borgo led to an automobile dependent development in Primavalle. As unfortunate Romans were forced to the fringes of the city, a similar and semi-related phenomenon was occurring in the United States that had the same consequence but by different means. Americans believe suburbanization was a choice they made, but the choice was extremely influenced by parties to gain.
According to Christopher Leinberger, the “most obvious program of the Futuramainspired domestic policy was the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 which built the 46,837 mile system.” The construction of the Interstate System is the largest project undertaken in American history in physical size, social impact, and cost. Reasons behind such a huge project include increasing mobility for national defense, encouraging the building and connection of a commercial truck transportation network, creating jobs, and supporting manufacturing, trucking, and construction companies. Unfortunately, this was based upon an unchallenged assumption of a car-based transportation system. It is believed that this was a choice that Americans made and indeed at first glance it looks that way. However, by analyzing the tactics used by parties with personal interests, Americans were manipulated into believing this future was destined. The promise of the Futurama exhibit helped launch an interlocking system of policies and subsidies that unwittingly pushed aside all historical precedent in city building and produced the car-only, drivable sub-urban pattern of growth. Both in Rome and the United States ideas of progress and modernization were used to justify monolithic urban transformations. The means by which suburbanism developed is a manifestation of the political and social structure of the place. Authoritarian government forced this upon its citizens, while democratic and capitalist government allowed citizens to “choose.” These suburban developments led to unintended consequences of suburbia, which often lack unique identity, sense of place and culture. Suburbia promotes and forces the automobile as the only mode of transportation. Most importantly, transportation is movement, and so much of movement is about a human experience. It is unfortunate that the automobile becomes a barrier between humans and the experience of place and, for that matter, life.