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G O R H A M W. B I R D _ 1300 Claire Street Opelika, AL 36801

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GRADUATE APPLICATION University of Pennsylvania School of Design Post-Professional M. Architecture II Fall 2012

MONTGOMERY LIVE WORK

PELOUZE BUILDING RENOVATION

PAUL RUDOLPH RENOVATION

ROME HISTORICAL ANALYSIS

TALLASSEE FALLS MILL RENOVATION

PHOTOGRAPHY SAMPLE

HAND DRAWINGS

Bird 2

It is common thought that successful architecture is realized through the genesis of new

experience + writing

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birdgor@auburn.edu

Bachelor of Interior Architecture Bachelor of Architecture

drawings + photography

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p o r t f o l i o

UNDERGRADUATE PORTFOLIO Auburn University School of Architecture

design projects

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HINSON + DAGG ARCHITECTS

buildings. People often overlook our existing built environment as potential for new architecture. Fortunately this trend is changing. Just as new construction considers existing

WRITING SAMPLE

topography and context, adaptive reuse reconsiders the existing built environment for its creation. Adaptive reuse is a successful sustainable plan for the future, not only because the evident benefit of material and energy conservation, but reuse sustains cultural identity through the preservation of buildings within the urban fabric and views history as a trajectory to move forward rather than something to revert back to. The tradition of buildings changing use is not a new occurrence; they have been

CHICAGO CHILDREN’S HOSPITAL


Jefferson Street Perspective, looking West

Montgomery live-work Architecture Thesis 2011 Montgomery, Alabama

Jefferson Street Perspective, looking West ALABAMA RIVER

URBAN PLAN EDGES = BOUNDARIES

JEFFERSON ST

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CO

MADISON ST

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ER ST

GRID DIAGRAM

PERRY ST

DEXTER AVE

CORNERS = SURFACES

Proposed Urban Plan


Transverse Street Section

Street Perspective of Retail Stores

MATERIAL INVESTIGATION FACADE RENDERING

TEXTURAL QUALITY

TERRACOTTA FACADE PANELS

MATERIAL EFFECT INTENT

Longitudinal Section

PRECEDENTS DE YOUNG MUSEUM, HERZOG + DE MEURON

BRANDHORST MUSEUM, SAUERBRUCH HUTTON

Proposed North Elevation, along Jefferson Street


Group Photo, 1975.

Paul Rudolph Renovation Interior Architecture Thesis 2011 Auburn, Alabama

Fraternity, 1970.

Kappa Sigma, 1963.

section perspective through dining and social spaces depicting cross ventilation and lighting strategy


Existing Basement Social Space

Existing South Elevation

An Atmospheric Architecture that Visibly Indexes the Movement of Air Paul Rudolph, a 1940 Auburn graduate, designed the Kappa Sigma Fraternity House in 1960. In 2000, the chapter house caught fire and has been in disrepair since. This thesis proposal creates an architecture of atmosphere, much like what Rudolph depicted in his iconic pen and ink section perspectives. The interior atmosphere is created by the visible indexing of wind, where by elements of the interior display and heighten awareness of such movement. The thesis was reached through a process of on-site atmospheric drawings, Rudolph case studies and site visits, and full scale installations testing atmospheric conditions. Examining problematic spaces, such as the poorly ventilated, dimly lit basement, the proposal focuses on improving and connecting the social spaces within the fraternity house. The thesis proposes an opening within the floorplate of the middle floor to provide cross ventilation from the front entry court, down through the basement and out into the back social court. In addition to the movement of air, light is allowed to penetrate into the basement to increase the natural daylighting effect. The use of directional operable windows and moveable partitioning curtains allows the users to attenuate natural ventilation and index the moment of air, creating a heightened awareness of such. Existing Atmospheric Plan

Tuskeegee University Chapel

Atmospheric Plan

Existing Atmospheric Section

Atmospheric Section


the mock up indexes the pocket of space + matter one occupies

Atmospheric Installation

curtain moves by the force of pressure changes caused by the opening and closing of doors

This installation sought to study and index the effects of air within a space. By suspending a plastic sheet within the stair, the air circulating within the room visibly moves the sheet. We used a system of suspended markers to track the movement of the curtain as air lifted and displaced it. The installation brought to mind the experiential significance of moving air.

Howeler + Yoon Architecture, Windscreen Installation

System of suspended markers that document the movement of the curtain during atmospheric changes throught the day.


Process Work with Proposed Addition

diagram of ventilation addition

site model with proposed addtion floor plan sketch


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2

Dining Space Perspective

Basement Social Space Perspective

kitchen social space

stage

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porch

D

A

front court

dining

social court

A

E

1

B

entry

B

living space

F

C

F

living space

C

Lower Level

E

2

social court

Entry Level


Ventilation Analysis Utilizing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis, GKDMETALFABRICS diagrams were generated depicting the velocSalvation Army ity of airflow through the two spaces. Location New York, NY Project Type Public Work

Architect Hillier Architecture

Omega 1510 beautifully captures light and adds an elegant backdrop to this small auditorium designed for the Salvation Army. A remarkable transition.

Daylighting Analysis

GKD-USA, Inc. 825 Chesapeake Drive Cambridge MD 21613 www.gkdmetalfabrics.com www.gkdmediamesh.com

T 800 453 8616 T 410 221 0542 F 410 221 0544 sales@gkdusa.com

Solutions Partitions Suspended

Products Omega 1510

“There is delight, then, to be had in things that provide a little liveliness for us, like the splashing of a fountain or the sparkle and flutter of Japanese street decorations. Their activity helps the mind feel a bit more quick-witted in spite of the dullness of a hot, muggy day.� Lisa Heshong, Thermal Delight in Architecture, 27.

Attachments Extended loop

GKD Metal Fabrics

pivot windows

pivot doors

awning windows with double doors

Royal Mosa Tile: Beige+Brown

Transverse Detail Section

Renovated Housing

Proposed Dining Space longitudinal section

Longitudinal Section

Proposed Social Space

Utilizing Ecotect software, daylighting analysis informed the design of the ceiling plane in the basement to accommodate for the proper foot-candle levels based on activity.

Existing Double-Height Living Room

Armstrong Wood Works Acoustic Planks


Pelouze Conference Renovation Interior Architecture Studio 2011 Chicago, Illinois


Exploded Diagram of Intervention

existing section

Existing Historic Pelouze Building

Urban Sequence Analysis: Rome

day lit atrium scheme

sectional interconnected space

“A Sequence and Public Space that Engages Conference Functions with Private Offices to Promote Coalescence...� Instructed to work within a robust and rigid concrete structure, originally sized for

industrial loads, I addressed the primary issues of daylighting, circulation sequence, and social connections within the existing conditions. By manipulating the floor plate to create double height spaces and cross sectional views, I socially mixed the private office with the public conference. Working through the idea that more is accomplished in the hallway outside of a meeting room than within the meeting, the circulation space of the proposal is oversized to accommodate this emphasis.

Spatial Sequence Diagram


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View of Auditorium and Interconnected Public Space

Conference

Section Perspective of Interconnected Public Space

Private Office

Transverse Section through Skylit Public Space


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2 Detail of Public Coalesced Space View of Sky-light with adjacent office and conference rooms.

4 1

View looking down to conference room and auditorium, depicting cross sectional views


Chicago Children’s Hospital Alagasco Competition: Second Place 2010 Chicago, Illinois

section perspective through patient rooms and public function depicting their relationship to the “urban room” of this rich area of Chicago


urban operations setback

lift, tilt, bore

dent to view of activity (city, park, public space)

View from Lakeshore Park, looking West

“visual and social connections serve as psychological motivation to physical healing...� This hospital proposes visual and social connections between three primary public spaces and the patient rooms. Visual connection to activity serves as psychological motivation to physical healing and connects the hospital to this extraordinarily rich area of Chicago. Operations at an urban scale serve to enhance the experience at the patient scale. The setback, lift, bore and dent operations enable views from the patient room down to the sky terrace and bored space, as well as down to the park and out to the city. Entering into an atrium, one realizes another world exists looking up through a four floor atrium to the sky terrace, a major public interior and exterior space. Within the patient room, the bathroom is pushed to the facade to shade the windows on the south and west, focus views from the bed, and create an intimate space for patients and visitors, where the ceiling height increases as one approaches the window. Encouraging patients to move to the facade reinforces the healing environment and creates a rich architectural experience.

Photograph of Model, looking West


Outdoor Public Space Entry Sky-lit Atrium, visually connected to other public space

North Elevation

Urban Spatial Section


Detail Section Perspective

Photo of Model looking East

Patient Room Perspective

Detail Patient Floor, north facade


Rome Historical and Urban Analysis Rome Study Abroad 2010 Rome, Italy

Present Day Largo Argentina—the site of four Republican Era Temples, entrance to the Theatre of Pompey, the place of Julius Caesar’s assassination, and a Medieval block demolished by the Fascist Regime—at the heart of modern Rome.


Ancient Plan of Rome, Forma Urbis Romae, 203-211 BC

Nolli Plan of Rome, 1748

Mussollini Demolition + Reconstruction Plans, 1936

Primary thoroughfares through heart of Rome, 2010.

Ancient Rome Reconstructed, Theatre of Pompey and the Republican Era Temples

Aerial View of Largo Argentina, 2010.

Fascist Interventions of Rome: “Rome is our point of departure and reference; it is our symbol or, if you wish, our myth. We dream of a Roman Italy, that is wise and strong, disciplined and imperial. Much of what was the immortal spirit of Rome, resurges in Fascism: Rome is the Lictor, Roman is our organization of combat, Roman is our pride and courage.” Detail from a map of Campus Martius by Étienne Dupérac, 1574.

Mussolini, “Past and Future” speech at Birthday of Rome celebration, 1922


Entrance into the Machine Room, exhibitng the past and future of textiles.

tallassee falls mill renovation WITH DOUG BACON Interior Architecture Studio 2009 Tallassee, Alabama

Existing Textile Mill

Machine Room: Material Documentation

Existing Site along Tallapoosa River

Existing historic machine room


1: Design a Wall/Threshold.

WALLS DEFINING SMOOTH AND STRIATED SPACE AND SEQUENCE EXPLODED DETAIL OF FABRIC FORMED CONCRETE WALL

CONCRETE WALL DETAIL

1 2: Utilize the designed wall to shape existing space in plan.

rectangular plan

2

tapered plan

“It is much better not to cover anything up but to show full nature and part to part, including the the full nature “It isthemuch better notrelationship to cover of anything up but to show

present conditions of each which is a record of howand it gotrelationship that way”. of part to part, including the present conditions of

free form plan

PROCRESS OF WALL

ch better not to cover anything up but to show the full nature and relationship of part to part, including the

3: Material: Fabric FormedFORMED Concrete CONCRETE MATERIAL: FABRIC

conditions of each which is a record of how it got that way”.

Louis Kahn, in reference to the Kimbell Art Museum

CASE STUDY: P_WALL (2009) at SFMOMA

SEQUENCE AXON

each which is a record of how it got that way”. Louis Kahn, in reference to the Kimbell Art Museum -Louis Kahn

fabric formed plaster


rome drawings Study Abroad Program 2010 Rome, Italy

San Gimignano Sketch

The Birth of Rome

A Rotating Perspective


Ostia Antica

Largo Argentina Experiential Drawing


bishop-parker facade rendering Architecture Thesis Studio 2011 Montgomery, Alabama

Bishop-Parker Existing Facade

Bishop-Parker Proposed Facade


material perspective The assignment involved the design of a square rectangular space joined by a stair and the drawings include constructed perspectives.

interior constructions Second Year Architecture Studio 2009

shade and shadow rendering

analytique with plan and details

raised perspective


published photography AU Circle

2008 + 2010

Shoshone Falls, 2007.

Tuscan Hilltown, 2010.


personal photography


House on Hickory Hill, AIA Alabama 2010 Merit Award

As an architectural intern, I was responsible for the presentation/competition drawings for build projects for David Hinson , FAIA and Christian Dagg, AIA.

HINSON + DAGG ARCHITECTS Professional Experience 2009-2011 Auburn, Alabama


Lusche-Boyer Residence AIA Montgomery 2009 Merit Award


writing sample

History and Theory of Urban Form 2011

Excerpt from “Political Propaganda and Social Engineering: Urban Transformations in Fascist Rome and Post-War America”

Politics is never a good topic for table discussion because it represents what we believe as individuals. Each person’s beliefs are complex and personal: the root of controversy and passion. A politician may mask or alter his or her beliefs as a way to maximize his or her constituency support. However, political intentions and ideologies are absolutely clear when one begins to analyze the urban transformations of cities. Urban interventions in Fascist Rome and the rise of suburban sprawl in the United States were both presented as ideal visions of progress. Rome was forced into this new future by Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, while Americas believed their future was by choice. Methods of social engineering and propaganda were used to deceive and influence citizens into believing the political agendas and decisions were right. The consequence of moving people out of the Borgo led to an automobile dependent development in Primavalle. As unfortunate Romans were forced to the fringes of the city, a similar and semi-related phenomenon was occurring in the United States that had the same consequence but by different means. Americans believe suburbanization was a choice they made, but the choice was extremely influenced by parties to gain.

According to Christopher Leinberger, the “most obvious program of the Futuramainspired domestic policy was the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956 which built the 46,837 mile system.” The construction of the Interstate System is the largest project undertaken in American history in physical size, social impact, and cost. Reasons behind such a huge project include increasing mobility for national defense, encouraging the building and connection of a commercial truck transportation network, creating jobs, and supporting manufacturing, trucking, and construction companies. Unfortunately, this was based upon an unchallenged assumption of a car-based transportation system. It is believed that this was a choice that Americans made and indeed at first glance it looks that way. However, by analyzing the tactics used by parties with personal interests, Americans were manipulated into believing this future was destined. The promise of the Futurama exhibit helped launch an interlocking system of policies and subsidies that unwittingly pushed aside all historical precedent in city building and produced the car-only, drivable sub-urban pattern of growth. Both in Rome and the United States ideas of progress and modernization were used to justify monolithic urban transformations. The means by which suburbanism developed is a manifestation of the political and social structure of the place. Authoritarian government forced this upon its citizens, while democratic and capitalist government allowed citizens to “choose.” These suburban developments led to unintended consequences of suburbia, which often lack unique identity, sense of place and culture. Suburbia promotes and forces the automobile as the only mode of transportation. Most importantly, transportation is movement, and so much of movement is about a human experience. It is unfortunate that the automobile becomes a barrier between humans and the experience of place and, for that matter, life.


Graduate School Application Portfolio