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MaKS DTP Practice Magazine May 2014

Death of the Creative Thinker Sexism on the Internet 20 things 20 year olds should know Hidden Fashion Treasures Procrastination A Game Disrespected



Front to back, left to right: Row 1: Julian Tirazona, Stephanie Briffa, Paula Ann Camilleri, Kristina Grech, Steffi Demartino, Desiree Marie Cassar, Anna Borg; Row 2: Joseph Francis Zammit, Annabel Arnaud, Luke Azzopardi, Daniel Balzan, Marco Montana; Row 3: Alex Grech, Christina Abdilla, Maya Muscat Azzopardi, Sarah Gauci, Janice Tanti, Christine Sant; Row 4: Claire Caruana, Kelly Figlios, Rebecca Galea, Samra Akhtarkhavari, Rachel Bonavia, Sefora Mannino, Charlene Mifsud; Row 5: Mario Borg, Laura Besancon, Christina Mifsud, Kimberley Gregory.



By way of introduction...


ues bring life to life. They turn the mundane into beauty. They eliminate the lack of colours brought about by a moonless night and replace them with the blazing sunshine of morning. That is why I was so pleased with the name chosen for this practice magazine by the 2013-2014 Desktop Publishing class at the Faculty of Media and Knowledge Sciences, University of Malta. Hues immediately passes on an impression of multi-faceted diversity. And that is exactly what’s in here. Both in content and in design style. Since the whole point of this magazine was to practice layout, content should not have been important. But it was emphasised that what was created had to be “interesting” and original. The need to proof-read was also underscored several times – my apologies about those who did not heed this to the extent it was intended! But the fact that the main point of this “publication” is to be a trying ground for students just learning Desktop Publishing means that the results are somwhat in the region of cabbages and kings. There are elements of unity that hold the magazine together visually, but the emphasis was on practice and the need to experiment with form, as well as applying (in some cases a limited) technique to bring the whole thing to fruition. There has been no real editing. The whole class has doubled up as a collective editor. This probably shows, but was secondary in importance in the exercise. There was also a time constraint. The whole thing was brought together from start to finish in a very few days (all told), with some work done at home and three hours of lecturing time taken up by it. The result is an experiment in practice. It’s not just the creation of a magazine from scratch, but also the understanding of tension, of deadline, of working in groups, and of coming up with something that is your own and being proud of it. Ġorġ Mallia

All articles and images in this magazine are © the indvidual creators and can only be reproduced with permission. Publication © MaKS, University of Malta, Msida, Malta, 2014. Cover photograph: Sefora Mannino

MaKS DTP Practice Magazine – May 2014

Contents 4. Death of the Creative Thinker 6. Sexism on the internet 8. Bullying: No Laughing Matter 10. The Maltese Gem 12. Yo ho ho and a GPS Device? 14. Press Play 16. How to make the perfect cup of tea 18. Hidden Treasures 20. Safety in the Skies 22. A Game Disrespected 24. To Act or not to Act: The Case for Decriminalising Drugs 26. The Good, The Bad and the Anonymous 28. Man’s Best Everything 30. Procrastination: Getting Rid of it 34. Visit Sicily 36. Dreamscape 40. Shielding your life, beliefs and your future 42. A Fortune for your Future 46. English as a Foreign Language or as an Excuse? 48. A year in the Land of the Rising Sun 50. 20 things 20 year old should know




he apt words of Picasso encompass everything that is wrong in the perception adopted by today’s society: “Ah good taste! What a dreadful thing! Taste is the enemy of creativeness.” At a young age, we are taught to strive for good grades because it is precisely those which will define our future, and more significantly, ourselves. It appears that education systems attempt to enhance academic knowledge at the cost of creativity. Mathematics, languages and geography are given the utmost priority in terms of being enforced in schools, whereas art or any possibility of expressing imagination is considered to be external, unnecessary even.



Death of the Creative Thinker written & designed by Kim Gregory

We are accustomed to having mistakes stigmatised when in actual fact mistakes pave the way to creating original products. Yet nowadays we attach negative connotations and fear to one of our most natural instincts: curiosity. So then why is it that our minds have been condensed to such a perverse mentality? Not only are any form of artistic careers (be it artist, dancer, theatre performer) frowned upon but they are also diminished to the extent that many young individuals acquire high degrees merely to be socially accepted. Being an academic has become synonymous to potentially

being successful, anything that spills out of the narrow framed vessel carefully designed by education systems is deemed shameful. ‘Art will not provide you with a good income’. When did this misconception become a belief? Shouldn’t the happiness factor surpass the possibility of a high salary? It appears that the value of being content has been replaced by financial gain resulting in a drastic decrease of the cultivation of creativity and imagination. We should disengage from the limitations of conventions and what is expected of us and instead feel inspired by Einstein’s teachings:

“Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life’s coming attractions.” Contemporary society needs to rise above mediocrity and abandon the distorted view mentally constructed and embedded within young minds. Creativity should be cherished and constantly pushed forth in order to preserve the element of individuality. Every mind functions differently and dynamically; thus, stifling our thoughts could lead to a self-destructive future devoid of the magnificent feature all humans possess: the ability to embody our unique creativity.

Shouldn’t the happiness factor surpass the possibility of a high salary?




on the


Article: Anna Borg & Charlene Mifsud Photography & Production: Anna Borg


exism can be defined as a prejudice or discrimination based on a person’s sex or gender. Sexism relies on negative stereotypes which set expectations to what someone should do or be. Although we have come a long way from the gender inequality which determined that women should not go to work and that women are too frivolous to grasp politics and vote, examples of sexism can still be clearly observed all around us. One can observe sexism in everyday dialogue, in stereotypical assumptions for certain genders or sexual orientations, and also on the internet. A quick Google search will show you that the top search suggestions which are presented to specific searches, are somewhat biased against both men and women. A Google search such as one starting with “women should....”, lists a number of search suggestions which are sexist, since they suggest that women should not be allowed to vote or that women should stay at home. Similarly, for a Google search starting with “why are women…”, the resulting top search suggestions refer to women as being mean and cold, as well as bad drivers and too emotional.



Sexism is also directed towards men, and this can also be found in search suggestions resulting from a quick search on an internet search engine. A Google search starting with “Men are…”, brings up the infamous title “Men are from Mars, women are from Venus”, but it also shows search suggestions that men are better than women, that they are obsolete and that they are like waffles. Another Google search starting off with ‘Why are men…”, shows that the top search suggestions refer to men as mean, jerks, players and finally asking why men are taller than women. It might be the case that when one mentions sexism, we automatically assume that it just concerns women. But we forget that even men might not be tolerated, or worse, discriminated against, if they choose to deviate from the society’s expectations. Role models which deviate from the stereotypes in the media have gradually increased over the past decades, and even the way both genders are portrayed. Breaking negative stereotypes about women should not be done in a way that makes men feel inferior or women feel superior, but it should all be in the name of equality and freedom. Sexism is sometimes done involuntarily because we are so used to the assumption that something is the way we have always known it to be, that we do not even question it. Stop for a second, and try answering in a non-sexist way, the following question: What is really the difference between men and women? Apart from the obvious biological differences, no one answer you can come up with, will be considered nonsexist. In truth, as individual, regardless of our sex, we are all different, because no one person is the same. Lastly, can we change a society that still portrays women as sex objects and men as heroic machos? Most probably, for this situation there is no one drastic change that can influence the whole society at once. Change has to happen gradually and over time. Change comes because different generations are raised in different ways and this results in different beliefs and values. Change starts when we are honest with ourselves and start to become aware of which words we use and which attitudes we adopt are not showing adequate respect to the other sex. Reaching an equal acceptance of both genders and demanding that both genders are treated as equals is something that can only be achieved if we speak up and actively try to make a change; starting from our own daily actions.





Bullying No Laughing Matter


nfortunately, teasing is often part of growing up and almost every child or teen experiences this at some point in life! However, it is not always as innocent and harmless as it may seem. Harsh and cruel words can cause pain and more often than not such teasing leads to bullying. This can result in trauma, with scars that may stay with you all your life.

A recent study showed that victims of bullying are more likely when compared to other children & teens to think about and consider the idea of committing suicide, and about 2.5 times as likely to act on with their suicidal plan. The situation is worsening with the introduction of cyber bullying- harassment through social media platforms- in fact it was found that cyber bullying is more closely associated to suicidal thought than in real time face to face bullying. It is believed that the reason behind this is because the victims feel that they have been slandered and humiliated in front of a mass of spectators that can travel far and wide at just the click of a button. Lately, we have been hearing news from all around the globe about children and teens committing suicide due to cyber bullying and in-person bullying. They are driven to such extremes because they look different, and what is left of these children and teens are just mere shadows and memories and distraught family members and friends trying to deal with such an ordeal. It has become a customary aspect of the human condition. Most victims of bullying and abuse find themselves in the situation quite unknowingly and before they even realise it. One would think that as people grow older, progress and mature through life that they would stop behaviours of their youth, however bullying is not only found amongst children and in the realms of cyberspace, but also amongst adults and within the

Written & Illustrated by Janice Tanti

workplace. The difference between teen and adult bullying is that adults lean more on the use of verbal bullying rather than physical bullying in order to make themselves feel powerful over other people and make himself or herself the prevailing and dominant adult. So what can be done? Addressing a situation of bullying is very difficult, but not impossible! There are factors that can help discourage bullying. In the case of children and teens, they should be encouraged to make friends, these children also need to be given space, they need to be able to voice their thoughts, and feel comfortable talking about their experiences. Adults, such as teachers and parents need to intervene in order to help these children resolve bullying issues, either by reporting such incidents or even by creating awareness sessions at school to educate those that are unaware of the serious and devastating effects of bullying. Parents should be more aware of the access their children have on the Internet so as to avoid certain issues. With regards to adult bullying on the workplace, supervisors should be made aware of adult bullies and be aware of the situation as this not only disrupts the productivity of the work flow but also creates a lot of pressure, which in turn can lead to a burnout. At the end of the day, bullying won’t just stop, but with a positive mind, increased awareness and a way of creating negative repercussions for those bullies we can certainly help it!



The Maltese Gem

Writing & Photography: Desirée Marie Cassar


city built by gentlemen for gentlemen” is Malta’s capital city. Valletta, The Fortress City, Citta’ Umilissima is the living, working city, the administrative and commercial heart of the islands. Valletta has been built on the virgin rock of Mount Sceberras peninsula. It is named after its founder, the Grand Master of the Order of St. John, Jean Parisot de la Valette, in honour of the hero of the Great Siege. The Fortress City is set and arises high between two natural harbours, Marsamxett and the Grand Harbour.

11 The magnificent city of Valletta was built after the triumphant victory over the Ottoman Empire. Work on the brand new city started in March 1566 and was completed with its monumental bastions, ramparts, forts and their surrounding deep ditches, and the cathedral, in the extraordinary period of 15 years. Valletta has been given various titles over the years, due to its rich historical past. It is known as the “modern” city built by the Knights of St. John, the chef d’oeuvre of baroque, a European Art City and was declared the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The city is busy by day, as it hosts the National Parliament, the Law Courts, many Government Ministries and Departments, Administrative Offices, museums, restaurants, and several shopping outlets. It offers a timeless atmosphere. While walking through the streets of Valletta one immediately realizes its grid-like shape that treasures some of Europe’s outstanding art works, churches and palaces. It is an open air museum where one can hardly get lost. One can unwind from busy days at the office and those who visit Valletta can enjoy the picturesque view of the superb Grand Harbour at the Upper and Lower Barrakka Gardens. This fascinating spot is a must see at sun set as Valletta calms down and offers a magical atmosphere as the architecture has a mellow colour due to the gentle lighting. Valletta is a living city all year long as it holds several wine bars, cafes, theatres, exhibitions, and various cultural events throughout the year. The city captivates various interesting and engaging museums such as the Malta National Museum of Archeology, Malta National War Museum, Malta Museum of Fine Arts, Malta Toy Museum and the Lascaris War Rooms. Valletta is also a city of worship where one finds several churches erected across it, such as the precious jewel from the 16th century, located in the heart of Valletta, St. John’s Co-Cathedral a


place that is enriched with the finest artifacts. The painting depicting The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist (1608) by Caravaggio is the most famous masterpiece in the Co-Cathedral where it is visited by many. Other famous churches found in the city are the Anglican Cathedral of St. Paul, the Church of Our Lady of Victory which was the first building to be constructed in Valletta after the Great Siege, and the Collegiate Parish Church of St. Paul’s Shipwreck. Valletta also holds outstanding palaces and fortifications. In the heart of Valletta one finds the Grandmaster’s Palace and the State Rooms that hold the President’s Office and the Parliament. The Palace Armoury offers an impressive collection of armoury that dates back to the period of the Knights of St. John. Further down the Grand mater’s Palace, a privately owned home is Casa Rocca Piccola that offers an insight about Maltese nobility over the last 400 years. A fort that today hosts a small theatre, a cinema, a café, music room and various galleries is St. James Cavalier. And the most prominent fortification that stands at the edge of Valletta is Fort St. Elmo that overlooks the entrances of both Marsamxett Harbour and the Grand Harbour.

Valletta has other various attractions such as the Maneol Theatre that was constructed in 1731 and it still in use today as various performances are held by artists. The archives and treasury manuscripts of the Knights of St. John and several other archives are held in the National Library of Malta known as the Bibliotheca which is hidden by cafes in Republic Square. One can enjoy the magnificent view of the Marsamxett Harbour from Hastings Gardens that are located on top of the bastions on the West side of the entrance to Valletta. The Victoria Gate that provided access to carriages and riders and vehicles is the main gate that leads to Valletta to the Grand Harbour. Also, overlooking the Grand Harbour one finds the 10-ton bronze Seige Bell Memorial that was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth and the President of Malta at the time, Dr. Censu Tabone, for the 50th anniversary from the award of the George Cross in 1942. Valletta was chosen as the European Capital of Culture for 2018, as it was officially declared title holder by the Council of Ministers. The unique city of Valletta by this title is being given the ideal opportunity to carry out projects and initiatives that will regenerate the capital in terms of cultural, as well as social and economic aspects.




he grandiose tales of seafaring pirates have many a swashbuckler singing the old classic ‘yo ho ho and a bottle of rum’, but what could this now defunct profession have to offer 21st century civilization? Fret not dear reader, adventurous times are still to be had! Hello, Geocaching! It’s the same old concept - something that belongs to another must be found and claimed - yet the game has changed. You’re searching for something alright, online treasure!

Now you’re all probably staring blankly at your computer screen thinking me insane, and up until a few weeks ago I would have probably done the same to anyone suggesting such ludicrous things. If you’re already in the




know, I salute you, fellow pirate! For those who still have no clue what I’m babbling about, time for an explanation. Personally, I like to think of geocaching as a modern day, high-tech version of piracy - a little less Captain Jack Sparrow, pirate ships and endless rivers of rum, and a lot more fun sightseeing trips and GPS devices. Be it at home or abroad, caches can be found all across the globe, from USA to Europe, and even in various locations around Malta. Before you start dreaming of finding chests full of golden coins and precious jewels, remember that this is only a game, a way of having some alternative fun involving technology, that takes the individual outdoors for a change. What you are bound to find at a hidden cache site can be anything from a Kinder Sorpresa toy to a bottle of nail polish, sometimes it is nothing more than coordinates to yet another location.

You’re searching for something alright, online treasure!

great pirate skills by signing your name and the date of discovery. Feel free to leave your own personal mark on a discovered cache, but remember to think small! Caches vary in size, but many are not bigger than your average mobile phone.

The next time you’re at a loss as to how to spend your day or night out, and are tired As with all games, geocaching has a few of the same old routine, why not try this out? rules of its own. First, one must replace Just pile your friends into a car, stock up whatever, if anything, is taken from the container found with another trinket or token. on yummy snacks, type in your coordinates Respect the game, and any future explorers, or location on the official geocaching site - they should find a little more than just a <> and spend logbook and pen. Once you have found said the day exploring our beautiful island. When logbook, make sure to commemorate your abroad,e forget boring group tours, this could Author, Illustrator & Producer: Kelly Figlios



Press Play written & designed by Alex Grech


pinning the records has taken over Alex Grech’s life for over 30 years. Nothing beats the joy of having a packed dance-floor cheering to what he has in store.

Alex recalls the vinyl era well. Two good Technics decks, a good sound system, a heavy box of twelve inches and let’s get the party going. No tricks. You’re either good at it or not. ‘It all depended on the four MOBS factors; your mixing skills, observation and what’s in the box… plus sequence, the master’s secret weapon’ Alex believes. ‘What should you play next to have your crowd beg for more?’ DJ equipment has changed completely since the beginning of the nineties. As Pioneer Pro DJ CD products were released the DJ industry standards were set. A CD Player was never before so close to the controls of a turntable. Alex owned one of the first pairs of CDJ-500 and mixers in Malta for over €2,300. ‘The professional mixer is still considered a state of the art while the CD players included a master tempo and a jog dial to give

you the turntable feel. You could increase the pitch bend of the music and yet the singing voice remains intact. It was such a breakthrough’. Since then, music and equipment has been accessible to all wannabe DJ’s. DJ CD Player manufacturers competed with cheaper models which could take cd’s which you could burn on your PC. Who would have ever thought that just like the vinyl records and cassette tapes, the cd’s will also be phased out? By 1998, the MP3’s came in handy followed by iTunes three years later. So a DJ would simply download any songs and play them on the Virtual DJ and Tractor MP3 software. The mix is close to perfection. Even a 4 year old can do it ! Alex rarely uses digital software except for studio productions. ‘Carrying a laptop packed with

MP3’s to a party could be lighter but one tends to get lazier. DJiing can only be considered an art if the four MOBS remain’. There is no art without thought, effort and time.



It all depended on the four MOBS factors; your mixing skills, observation and what’s in the box… plus sequence, the master’s secret weapon.




f you think that tea is just a warm drink like any other, then youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re oh so wrong. Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re also wrong if you think that making the perfect cup of tea is only about the physical process involved in pouring hot water into a cup containing a teabag. I feel that I have finally boiled it down to a finely perfected art, and I should share these steps for the benefit of others.

How to make the perfect cup of tea



Locate your favourite mug. If you don’t have a favourite mug, then you’re missing out on an essential part of the greatness of tea. Everyone knows that tea tastes a hundred times better in your own special mug or cup, right? I personally favour mugs that have a glossy finish, since unfinished mugs set my teeth on edge, but it’s up to you to choose your own receptacle. Fill the kettle with water, and switch/turn it on. Unicorn tears would be ideal, but since we all know that they tend to be highly seasonal, we’ll have to settle for bottled or filtered water. While the kettle is doing its thing, you need to be preparing yourself, both mentally and physically. Find the magical little bag of tea you’ll be honouring your tastebuds with, and pop it into your mug. But of course, don’t throw it in willy nilly. You need to prop it up against the inside of your mug, for reasons I’ll be sharing soon. This is also when you should be adding your desired amount of sugar – I’m a fan of a precise one and a quarter teaspoons of sugar. I’m also convinced that adding sugar at any other part of the process will change the flavour of your tea completely, so I always add it before adding water. This is where things start heating up. At this stage, you need to keep your loins peeled and gird your eyes. Or should that be the other way around? Anyway, right about now, the kettle will start singing you the song of its people. As soon as you hear that, you need to spring into action and pour that precious liquid even before the bubbles have settled down. This is why you’ve propped up

your teabag – by avoiding pouring boiling water directly onto the teabag, you avoid scalding it and allow more flavour to be extracted from it. Now you pull out your phone, and catch up on your social media, for a minimum of 3 minutes – a minute each for Facebook, Instagram and Twitter, perfect! If you’re anything like me, you’ll somehow end up on Youtube and stretch it from 3 minutes to about 13 minutes instead. Anyway, occupy yourself for at least 3-5 minutes, then return to your brewing tea.I’ve been a participant in heated debates where the main topic was whether you should use a teaspoon or a teabag squeezer (yes, they exist) to extract your teabag. I’m a staunch believer in the powers of the humble teaspoon, and will keep arguing that you can extract more tea by pressing the teabag against the side of the mug by using your spoon than by fiddling around with a squeezer thingamajig. Choose whether you’ll be adding milk, or a slice of lemon to your tea. Just don’t add both. Before you snigger and wonder who would be stupid enough to add both, I may or may not have been a bored child on a plane who thought it would be fun to take a slice of lemon from the offered tray, but then also wanted to add the creamer that comes with the plastic cutlery. The result is NOT pretty, and will also make you sick. Ahh, childhood. Grab your favourite reading device, or your favourite conversational device (friend, pet, pet rock), find a good place to curl yourself up, and enjoy your perfect cup of tea. Mmm, life is good…right up until you’re faced with the heartdropping sight of the bottom of your mug.

Article & Design: Maya Muscat Azzopardi



HiDDEN fashion Treasures


am an avid shopper when it comes to clothing. However, sometimes my budget does not allow me to pay for anything I’ve had my eye on. This is when I realised that I should try thrifting and check out charity shops for that one off item I could purchase to stay fly on a tight budget. I love finding that item no one else would have and having people compliment me about what I’m wearing when I know it is unique and bought at a great bargain.

unique and bought at a great bargain


Thrift shopping and charity shopping are economical ways of finding great items at great prices, and also, in turn, getting the satisfaction of donating money to charity. This fashion trend is currently en vogue amongst many people around the world, especially students. Also, especially with the introduction of vintage shops; where many items have been pre-thrifted and sold at a much higher price, this has driven many to look out for these shops. However, thrifting and shopping at charity shops is not as easy as it sounds as is takes work, patience and a know-how, because you will not always find what you want. To be exact, Thrift stores are generally owned by a charity but run as an independent business under contract: they are licensed by the charity, which provides the merchandise for sale, and benefits by the sale of these goods directly to the contractor who operates the shop. The shop may then make a profit from this arrangement. However Malta has


many charity shops similar to these thrift stores mainly popular in the UK, and the money collected goes directly to the charitable cause. In Malta, one can find many charity shops which are worth a visit. Some of these include the Inspire charity shops such as the one at Inspire Marsascala, the one in Birkirkara and also in Bulebel. There is also +9 Charity Shop in Pieta and Happy Paws Charity Shops, such as the one in Birkirkara. Me and my friends would take boring afternoons and turn them into adventures scouring our local thrift stores for hidden gems, deals, artwork, clothing and jewellery. Once we got the hang of it, we could not get enough of it. Others feel they are â&#x20AC;&#x153;aboveâ&#x20AC;? thrift stores, that thrift stores are full of useless things, or that thrift stores are dark and dirty. In my opinion, this is a wrong impression. Obviously you will see things you will not wish to buy, however there can also be some incredibly surprising and interesting

finds. Nonetheless, the trend seems to be growing. People are realising that most stores out there are fairly clean and organise the stock before putting it on the sales floor. Also, customers come from all walks of life and there is nothing to be shy of entering such stores even if you buy from branded shops. I do both, as this type of shopping experience boasts a creative component, existing for some as a form of personal expression, and I believe fashion is all about personal expression . I crave the thrill of the hunt, the pleasure of finding that vintage item that no one else will have. I take pride when I find something similar to what I wanted to buy from a store where the item was relatively expensive. I also take joy in using the money I did not spend in an over priced alternative and apply it to other meaningful purposes, especially when knowing the money is going to a charitable cause. There are no excuses for looking great. My advice for this type of shopping: Go for it!

Article by Laura Besancon Photography by Laura Besancon Production: Annabel Arnaud & Laura Besancon



SAFETY in the


ave you ever wondered how an aircraft knows its location and relation to other aircrafts, without colliding with others ? Daniel Balzan meets Maria Vella a fresh Air traffic controller to learn more about the safety of aviation.

When you think of Air traffic control, the first thing that comes into mind is the tower and the circling radars on the airfield. However, controlling air traffic is a much more complex operation. Sitting in the ops room with Maria and fellow colleagues weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll follow how an air traffic controller is made to be and explain the different stages that an aircraft encounter from departure to arrival. Finally a general look at the equipment used. Walking into the flight operations room I felt like I am entering a film scene from the pentagon, but its a room just under the tower were basically most of the operations and controls take place. The atmosphere was a calm one, all controllers wearing their

headset in front of the radar, from time to time hearing giggles from the jokes they pass on to each other. Asking about some general comments about this job the first and immediate comments Maria explained that their priority is the safety of commercial, private and military aircraft within the Maltese airspace. Pointing to a big chart behind the radars, she emphasised that the Maltese airspace is quite a large one covering approximately from Tunis to Crete and from Northern Sicily to Bengazhi. Approximately an average of 360 aircrafts pass through our airspace daily, not a lot compared to the 50,000 aircraft activity over the US airspace per day. But Maltaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s airspace has its own difficulties, and still needs to be

managed and controlled from point to point. Furthermore, she explains that the basic theory of air traffic control is having a good separation (the distance vertically or horizontally) from an aircraft to another. The perception out there is that the pilot manages everything in flight and many people think that an air traffic controller only controls airport operations. When it is the job of an air traffic controller to give the pilot instructions over a delegated area, directing planes from and around bad weather and ensuring that traffic flows smoothly without delays. The process of becoming a controller is some what a long process, like other professions. The initial reaction when asking about



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sign of that aircraft (for example $0& VLJQLĂ&#x20AC;HV DQ DLUPDOWD Ă LJKW to heathrow), along side ground speed and also cruising altitude, this will SURYLGH WKH FRQWUROOHU LQIRUPDWLRQ Other tools that is of utmost important LVWKH,/6 LQVWUXPHQWODQGLQJV\VWHP  ZKLFKEDVLFDOO\DOLJQVDQDLUFUDIWZLWK WKHUXQZD\IRUODQGLQJ 0DOWD¡VWUDFNUHFRUGLVLPSHFFDEOH ZKHQLWFRPHVWRVDIHW\$SRLQWWKDW is mentioned repeatedly is safety EXW GXH WR ORZ WUDIĂ&#x20AC;F WKH ULVN LV HYHQWXDOO\ OHVV 6R D TXHVWLRQ FRPHV to my mind on how controllers deal ZLWK XQXVXDO VLWXDWLRQV LI WUDIĂ&#x20AC;F LV UHODWLYHO\ ORZ7KH DQVZHU ZDV SODLQ and simple, the company regularly do recurrent training to its employees with emergency situation training LQ VSHFLĂ&#x20AC;F VLPXODWRUV 7KLV ZLOO KHOS WKH FRQWUROOHUV GHDO ZLWK DEQRUPDO situations so that in an event that an emergency occurs all controllers will EH UHDGLO\ SUHSDUHG WR GHDO ZLWK WKH VLWXDWLRQ $LU WUDIĂ&#x20AC;F FRQWURO LV D VHFWRU we also should appreciate in the modern world were the aviation LQGXVWU\ LV FRQVWDQWO\ JHWWLQJ ELJJHU *OREDOLVDWLRQ LV LQFUHDVLQJ E\ WKH PLQXWH EHFDXVH RI DYLDWLRQ RXU VDWLVIDFWLRQLVWKDWZHNHHSĂ LJKWVRQ WLPHDQGDOZD\VVDIH

Photos: Daniel Balzan




A Game

Disrespected O

n Thursday 1st of May, 2014, Athleta Basketball Club celebrated its 4th MBA League Championship in the last 3 seasons, solidifying its legacy as one of the most dominant forces in Maltese basketball in recent history. However, you wouldnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t have known it had you been at Ta Qali that day. As one left the basketball pavilion that hosted the basketball final, one comes face to face with the gigantic (in comparison) Millennium Stadium. The same day of the basketball final, a big league football game was scheduled. The crowd that attended the basketball final struggled to leave Taâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Qali after amidst the thousands of Sliema and Valletta supporters flooding the area in preparation for the big game. It was a perfect moment to reflect upon the enormous chasm that existed between the local support of football and virtually any other sport played on the island. While it would have been daft to attempt to arrive at Ta Qali 15 minutes before the football game started, I encountered absolutely no problems arriving just a few minutes before the biggest game in the basketball season tipped off and finding a good seat. This is not to say that Maltese basketball is sub-par in any way. The level of basketball we are accustomed to is excellent when one considers the little recognition and media support it receives. And the overall performance of the young generation of

players is only getting better, with a strong National team training program run by experienced, international coaching staff. With all of that said however, basketball has been struggling for decades, trying to claim some sort of presence in Maltese sports culture. Most people are lukewarm and even dismissive towards any sport that isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t football. The latter sport being splattered all over the landscape, one can easily see why a young boy or girl would immediately be drawn to it. There are many more football teams, leagues, activities and media coverage in comparison and there is also a lot to be said for the popularity and self-esteem a young athlete gains if he is a talented football player at school, rather than in any other sport. This is clearly evident when one takes a good look at the public recreation areas that are available. Searching for a semi-decent basketball court that is available for use without prior booking and payment, is like trying to find a needle in a haystack. On the other hand, finding a football pitch to play on is as easy as walking out of your front


door. The only courts that are available in the middle part of the island are the ones outside the basketball pavilion in Ta Qali (pictured). However you would be mistaken if you thought that you could go at any time, and take your children to play on one of the four hoops, as the courts are also used as a car park for any event that takes place at the MFCC, Basketball Pavilion, Ta Qali Park and Millennium Stadium. Thus one can imagine how safe the surface of the court is, with regular oil stains and dusty, slippery floors of tarmac. Not to mention the copious amounts of litter. The same can be said for some of the more recent investments made by local councilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s that built small sports pitches meant for both football and basketball. What they neglected to note is that the rubber surface they used is unfit for dribbling a basketball properly and the basketball rims are not the right height


from the ground. In addition, once the rims are installed, the nets are generally immediately ripped off by youngsters and never replaced, making the rim much less fun to use. I have personally coached a few basketball teams in the last few years, however my experience was dampened by the fact that there were pitifully small numbers of players who would actually attend the training sessions, and the measly support some of the parents gave to the children who actually enjoyed the game. Our national obsession with academic achievement has not only narrowed down the amount of sports that are made available to the public, young and old, it has also turned us into an obese nation. According to the World Health Organisation, 62.3% of our population is overweight with a BMI of at least 25, and over 20% of our population is considered obese with a BMI of 30 or more.

Article, Photography & Production: Luke Azzopardi

The disgraceful state of what used to be the Gharghur basketball court I used to love playing on as a child.



To Act or not to Act: The Case for Decriminalising Drugs


uch is being said about the prime ministerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s announcement that drugs will be decriminalised by the end of the year for first time offenders caught with small quantities of illicit substances for personal use. Some see this as the shredding of the fabric of society as we know it while others see it as a long overdue step towards righting the injustices committed by a failing war against drugs.

It cannot be denied that drugs have a huge impact on society. Anyone who has experienced someone close to them battling the throes of heroin addiction will know that this is no laughing matter and can destroy the person, their family and loved ones. It is truly an abominable affliction and anyone unfortunate enough to be suffering from it deserves society`s help no matter that the initial disease was self-inflicted. It also cannot be denied that draconian zero-tolerance measures to combat the epidemic have resulted in an unacceptable number of casualties, who paid an unjustly high price for experimenting with alternative lifestyles as is natural for young people to do when they are discovering themselves. Part of the reason that they experiment is because they find out that they have been fed a number of lies and misinformation about the subject from their childhood by their teachers, authorities and their very parents so they set out to find the truth for themselves. Comparing heroin to cannabis would be laughable to anyone with a modicum of education but our law courts refuse to make such a distinction. They insist on lumping all intoxicating substances under one



Pro-Decriminalisation Protest following the Daniel Holmes Saga

umbrella leading to a surreal situation where someone passing a spliff is equated to someone selling a dose of heroin. One of the first steps that need to be taken is to have a classification of drugs to ensure any sort of justice. Most studies show that cannabis is practically harmless with several beneficial effects to a number of medical conditions and is allowed for medical reasons in Austria, Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Uruguay as well as a number of states in the USA. Is it in any way fair to deny a terminally ill patient any possible relief just because of politics? Yet, under Maltese law, if you had to help a relative who is dying of cancer in this way you would be treated as a drug dealer with the only difference being that you cannot afford the same lawyers who would be able to bail you out. Some people are pushing even further and demand that all drug use should be legalised. The legal deterrent does not seem to be working, with Malta being one of the highest users of heroin in

Europe. Heroin accounted for 30 per cent of drug offences in 2010 in Malta, replacing cocaine as the biggest offender, according to the annual report of the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA). The Portuguese model is often cited as a living example of what can develop somewhere where all drugs have been decriminalised for over a decade. A report by Glenn Greenwald: Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies, found that in most categories drug usage decreased and drug-related social ills have been more contained in a decriminalised scenario. None of the horrors predicted materialised and there is no talk of repealing the law. Sedqa director George Grech, with his long experience working with addiction, finds criminal prosecution of drug offenders counterproductive while judge Giovanni Bonello and the Commission of Justice Reform insist that drug users should not be percieved as criminals but treated and helped.

An online poll conducted by Malta Today found that 35% of respondents agreed with the full declassification of cannabis for peopleâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s recreational use while 33% said they only agreed with the decriminalisation for first-time offenders with small amounts and 32% expressed their disagreement with any form of decriminalisation of drugs. Cases such as the one of Daniel Holmes, who was jailed for 10 ½ years and fined â&#x201A;Ź23,000 for the cultivation of cannabis plants, have provoked dismay even in people who are not necessarily pro-decriminalisation and have caused a distrust in the judicial system. No one wants to see their son or daughter stained with a permanent criminal record for doing what kids do. The time is probably ripe for a review of our current laws so that they can more correctly represent reality. This change could also create an incidental windfall and provide better education and treatment, from the proceeds of taxing a previously untaxed commodity. Article, photography and production by Mario Borg

?? 2014



e are at this very moment, at the brink of a revolution, the consequences of which could change the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;identityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; of the internet, or better put, our identity within it as users.

Comment sections all throughout the internet have come close to warzones, with civility in conversation becoming a distant QRWLRQ RI WKH SDVW ,Q DQ DWWHPSW WR breathe some form of decorum back into comment sections, many websites and social networks are changing their structures and introducing new systems promoting relevant FRPPHQWV RYHU UHFHQW RQHV 2WKHUV have started tying usernames to public SURÂżOHV ZKLOH RWKHUV KDYH UHPRYHG the commenting section altogether. So is anonymity really necessary? Some see the ability to comment anonymously or under a pseudonym as a valuable tool, or a fundamental liberty. Protesters and whistleblowers for example, often rely on such anonymity for their own safety, with the recent Snowden

case as one such example. 2QH UHVXOW RI DQRQ\PLW\ LV WKDW discussion threads are trolled and spiral into an ignorant and unproductive mess. Many websites have sought a countermeasure seeking to cleanse their commenting culture, and resorting to banning anonymous commenting. A common belief amongst the online community is that anonymous commenting is not a fundamental right RI WKH XVHU EXW D VXSHUĂ&#x20AC;XRXV OX[XU\ which we have misused. Many also stress that the ability to hide behind a pseudonym encourages trolling instead of fostering intelligent debate. 2Q WKH RWKHU KDQG REOLJLQJ D commenter to use their real name or OLQNWRDSXEOLFSURÂżOHZLOOKDYHFRVWV DV ZHOO DV EHQHÂżWV 2QH RI WKH PRVW HYLGHQWZLOOEHWKHVLJQLÂżFDQWUHGXFWLRQ in the volume of comments as people

shy away from expressing their true opinions when running the risk of exposure. This will in turn affect the siteâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s advertising revenues, meaning less funding and less visibility. A common conclusion to this argument is that online comments, whether anonymous or not, tend to expose humanity in its most raw, XQLQKLELWHG IRUP ,Q RWKHU ZRUGV LI people believe that they will not be held accountable for their behaviour, then there is a tendency for misdemeanour.



The Good, The Bad and the Anonymous written & designed by Christina Mifsud

Anonymous commenting is not a fundamental right of the user, EXWDVXSHUÀXRXVOX[XU\ZKLFK we have misused.



You slowly alter little things in your life to accommodate your little friend





Man’s Best



hen you get a pet for the first time, your life seems to end up being split into two; a before and after. In the before phase, you hear people saying that “a dog is a man’s best friend” and many a times, you consider this as just an over-used expression that has no literal meaning. You find it hard to believe that a pet, be it a dog, a cat, a bird or even a fish, can win your heart. But then, whether your better half is a cat lover, your children just begged over and over for a fourlegged friend or maybe because you finally feel mature enough to be able to take care of something or someone other than yourself, you get a pet. This is where you slowly transition into the after phase. You slowly alter little things in your life to accommodate your little friend – you make sure to quickly shut the front door behind you, you find yourself strolling down a supermarket filling your shopping cart with all sorts of toys, and although hesitant at first, you let your pet jump on your bed. A month later, you’re so used to the little changes

that you have completely forgotten what it was like not having your new friend around. It is now that you can finally understand that saying. After a long day at work, your pet is waiting for you, all excited that you are back home. When the flu hits and you’re stuck in bed, you will not be alone as your pet will most likely spend the day beside you, making sure you are going to be fine. If that is not enough, try spending some time with your pet the first time life problems seem to be taking a toll on you. You will end up forgetting, even if just momentarily, all of your troubles. At this point you also realise that the saying is, in fact misleading. It should say “a dog is man’s best everything!”

Written: Claire Caruana Photography: Christina Abdilla Production: Claire Caruana & Christina Abdilla


30 30

: N O I T A N I T S t i A f R o C O d i R r P ting t e G


You’re staring at a Word document that wast ‘last modified’ four hours ago.


31 31


am sure that some of you reading this are very familiar with the term ‘Procrastination’. You’ll tidy up your room, wash the dishes, go through old photos, surf the internet and most of all, visit Facebook and refresh it’s newsfeed a number of times. Before you know it, several hours have passed and you’re staring at a Word document that was “last modified” four hours ago. People choose different ways to prolong their procrastination and we asked various students at the University of Malta how they procrastinate and what they do to avoid this. Krista postpones starting her work by watching episodes of her favourite series on TV. Others may choose to prepare a nice meal for

themselves even when it is not necessary, spend hours on the phone with a friend or resort to an afternoon nap. However, there are ways to combat this ‘procrastination fever’. Here are four tips and some additional suggestions for overcoming procrastination.



Make Lists and Prioritize It seems procrastination always happens towards the end of each semester, because we get ourselves so overwhelmed with our tasks. It is important to break things down into smaller tasks and most importantly have realistic goals. When studying for exams, it’s best to start with a list of all that you need to do. This could be done by writing down everything you need to do on sticky notes, which makes it easier to stick to specific tasks and not to get offtrack.

Take Breaks

Being overwhelmed isn’t fun and taking a break from writing that 5000 word assignment or studying for that dreaded exam can be a good thing. Sometimes you just need time to allow your brain to breathe. Give yourself a certain amount of time off—whether it’s a fiveminute bathroom break or a 30-minute snack and a Friends rerun—a break is a necessity. Go for a run if it’s nice outside and you’ll feel more awake and ready to combat any final. Nicola says, “Allow yourself a certain amount of time for procrastination. Say to yourself, ‘OK, after I’ve written two pages, I’ll take a snack break’”. Set time-bound goals for yourself.



Disconnect from the Internet The internet can be our best friend when it wants to be and at other times, it can be our worst enemy. Rebecca says, “I print my notes and study off them to avoid switching on my computer and getting distracted by Facebook.” Krista even finds that her mobile is a distraction and chooses to switch it off or leave it in another room when working.

Pick Your Location

Get as much work done as possible before the end of the semester, this gives you the chance to relax, pace yourself, and take small breaks in between. Pick out a location that will work best for you or try studying in groups so you can steer clear from distractions. Be sure to give yourself rewards for completing a certain amount of work. Do some yoga, go for a run, have a snack, and give your brain some time to breathe before you put your nose back into the books.

It’s important to pick a location that works best for you and your needs. Bianca recommends going, “somewhere other than your normal place of study—if you usually study at home, hit the library. If you study at the library, take your computer to a coffee shop. I find being in an unfamiliar environment helps me focus when I really need to and I don’t fall back on my usual procrastination habits.”

Article: Stephanie Briffa Photography: Paula Camilleri Production: Stephanie Briffa & Paula Camilleri



Visit Sicily


unique holiday experience in Agrigento, known as the hottest city in the South of Italy where the sun is always shining, will let you discover the authentic charm of Sicilian life . Every inch of ancient city centre reflects the beauty of our cultural heritage. Every inch of ancient city centre reflects the beauty of our cultural heritage. Every inch of ancient city centre reflects the beauty of our cultural heritage. The real Italian/Sicilian lifestyle will leave you with a lingering taste of Italian foods, like lasagne, cavatelli, cannoli siciliani, cassata siciliana, Italian tiramis첫 and much much more. Do not miss a chance to meet plenty of new people coming from all across Europe to enjoy themselves in an enthusiastic and friendly atmosphere. Are you ready to visit an amazing island living moments to remember?

Written and produced by Marco Montana




Sicily is a Mediterranean island full of treasures,

and culture. Millennia of history built up a unique and charming atmosphere we can discover taking a better look at Palermo’s Cathedral, Etna’s Volcano and Temple Valley in Agrigento. The different dominations, namely Arab, Norman, Swabian, Greek and Spanish, have enriched this land with masterpieces of art and architecture. This creates a warm and welcome culture capable to attract foreigners from all over the world . The landscape is for sure what make this land unique and fascinating together with its climate, the golden beaches, cliffs and a mediterranean blue sea. Vacations in Sicily filled with a relaxing moments can be enjoyed even as a cultural journey through history and traditions.

Enjoy a little bit of paradise in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea


Sqallija hija gżira mediterranja

mimlija teżori u kulturi. Eluf ta’ snin ta’ storja jinkludu atmosfera unika u mill-isbaħ li wieħed jista’ josserva permezz tal-katidral ta’ Palermo, ilvulkan ta’ Etna u La Valle dei Templi ta’ Agrigento. Id-dominanzi differenti talGħarab, in-Normanni, il-Griegi u l-Ispanjoli sebbħu din l-art permezz ta’ kapulavuri tal-arti u arkitettura. Dawn joħolqu kultura miftuħa li tiġbed turisti minn madwar id-dinja kollha. L-aktar fatturi li għamlu dan ilpajjiz uniku u affaxxinanti hija l-klima u l-pajsaġġ, flimkien mal-bajjiet dehebija, l-irdumijiet u l-baħar ikħal mediterranju. Bla dubju li din iż-żjara kulturali tul l-istorja u t-tradizzjonijiet ta’ Sqallija, tista’ isservi wkoll bħala vaganza memorabbli mimlija mumenti ta’ mistrieħ.


La Sicilia è un’isola ricca di tesori di storia e di cultura.

Tra la Cattedrale di Palermo, il vulcano dell’Etna e la Valle dei Templi di Agrigento si intrecciano millenni di storia e di cultura che emanano un fascino unico al mondo. Le dominazioni avvenute in epoche storiche differenti come quella araba, normanna, sveva, greca e spagnola, hanno arricchito questa terra di mezzo di capolavori dell’architettura e dell’arte. Contribuendo così a creare una cultura solare aperta all’accoglienza e all’integrazione. Quello che rendere unica ed affascinante questa terra è il suo clima, i suoi paesaggi, le spiagge dorate, le scogliere ed un mare blu mediterraneo. Una vacanza in Sicilia rappresenta un momento di relax, divertimento e svago ma anche un immersione culturale totale in un viaggio tra storia e tradizioni.






If you dream it, you can do it. - Walt Disney




hat a wonderful feeling to wake up from a blissful dream and carry that sensation with you throughout the day! Inspiration, imagination, and dreams follow. Your world seems more bearable, inspiring you to pursue your passions, and encouraging you to dream up your perfect life. For this reason, Freud declares us all poets, because we dream. During sleep, our minds sew together the pieces of our memory. We tell a story, not through words, but through images and representations, unconsciously created as a means of expression. Freud also goes on to say that essentially, dreams are a way of experiencing our unconscious wishes as real. But what really makes us so attached to our dreams - those dreams that we have at night and those that we wish to pursue in real-life? According to Walt Disney, “if you dream it, you can do it,” making dreams a great source of inspiration and motivation. In fact, great literary mind Edgar Allan Poe acknowledges dreaming as that which drove his literature, and subsequently found himself forcing his imagination to dream, to experience “dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before.” It is so easy for us to fall in the ‘busy trap’ of today’s day and age, as we get so caught up with being busy, that we feel as though life gets in the way of who we truly are. Correspondingly, dreams may be interpreted as an expression of our unconscious to make our observations and reflections known to our consciousness. Engaging in dream interpretation helps us give meaning to the fascinating jumble of experiences when our body is at rest and our mind is busy conjuring up images and events. With dreams being so inspirational, it can be so frustrating to wake up from a dream only to realise you cannot recall it. Most of the time, we wake up aware of having had a nightmare which we could have spared, or a dream so lovely that we wish would fuse into our real-life. But when it comes to recalling these dreams, we may

find ourselves unable to evoke our memory to carry on delving deeper into our subconscious. Scientists agree that dreams may disappear from our memory due to the different neurochemicals present in our brain during wakefulness and sleep when we are not aware of our thoughts. Keeping this in mind, it is still quite disappointing not being able to recall our personal and meaningful dreams. It is no wonder that our generation is challenging this. In today’s technological era, it comes as no surprise that applications have been created to increase the possibility of tracking dreams. One of them includes ‘Shadow’, which according to Discover Shadow Inc. is an “innovative alarm clock that helps you record and remember your dreams.” It does this by waking the user up gently with the intention of increasing the possibility of remembering dreams. It would also be interesting to have control over our nocturnal journeys, as a way of influencing our dreams and using them to tap into our unconscious, accessing more than just the tip of the iceberg! This notion was presented in one of Hollywood’s greatest movies, ‘Inception’, inspired by lucid dreaming and dealing with the implantation of one person’s idea into the subconscious of another, without them being aware. At this stage, one wonders whether dreams are no longer entirely one’s own! Furthermore, according to the company YUZA,‘Dream:ON’, is an app that “may provide a real breakthrough in changing how we dream, and record and track those dreams.” It gives users a selection of dreams from which they can choose what they want to dream about. The app then plays a themed


soundscape at an optimum moment during a sleep cycle, with the aim of influencing dreaming. We might also be channeling our mental dreamland into hyperreality that is increasingly present in our world: art, architecture and anything which dissolves the boundaries between the fictional and the real. This hyperreality gives us a taste of what it feels like to merge our fantasies with reality. Technology feeds our potential, making it possible to manufacture our dreams through the use of Photoshop, editing and processing the possibilities are endless.


Dreams remain an integral part of our life and our thoughts. They allow us to escape the sometimesharsh reality that we are faced with and provide a place to cultivate our imagination. Reconnecting us to our innermost self, dreams free us to be anything we desire to be and to say what we do not have the courage to say in real-life. For this, there will always be the night, or a peaceful afternoon nap, where we can wish others ‘sweet dreams’, close our eyes and escape the monotonous workdays. Dreams will always be a place where we can ‘dream on…’.

Article: Christine Sant & Rachel Bonavia Photographs: Sefora Mannino Production: Christine Sant, Rachel Bonavia & Sefora Mannino



Shielding your life, b and you T

he amount of times we students have complained about the school system is infinite, and the problems we find could always be solved if we had a more weighty say. Yet, at the end of the day there are various ways of expressing our dissatisfaction. From lecture feedback forms to speaking to lecturers and heads of department, or simply complaining to fellow students and feeling less alone.

Now, imagine not having any option at all. Not having the option to do what so many of us take for granted; talking to your friend freely, achieving higher education which makes your future prospects more appealing, expressing yourself however you want, and the list goes on. This is a reality for many minorities in Iran who face discriminatory measures against them on a daily basis. Among these is the Bahá’í

community, a relatively new religion which originated in Iran and is still present today. The big question then becomes, how do they manage to cope? “Many of my friends have left,” says a source who wishes to remain anonymous for fear of repercussions. “Youth who want to leave go to Turkey for a couple of years and are then able to obtain a visa and continue on to a more westernised destination where they



beliefs ur future stay for another four to five years before they can think about coming back to visit family and friends”. I ask about personal views with regards to this and am told that “I personally don’t want to leave as I believe that it is important to stay in the country, it’s the country I grew up in, it’s my home.” Bahá’ís have also been asked to remain in the country and persevere in their efforts regardless of the persecutions and many are doing so to the best of their ability. People behave differently towards the Bahá’ís, “some believe the false rumors and think that we commit horrible acts, such as having to burn Holy books, or even kill people to become a Bahá’í.” Many are better informed however, and they realize that the Bahá’ís are simply targeted by ruling bodies and that they are not evil doers. These people “are genuinely

curious and interested” and they realize that the rumors are exactly that, and treat the Bahá’ís in Iran as people. “Everyone is looking for something better than there is now” our source emphasizes. It seems as though people are understanding that there is something wrong and are looking for ways to fix it. Another main aspect of life that is denied is a university degree from any university in the country. “You can go to a couple of classes but all of a sudden you will be asked to leave because you are a Bahá’í”, is the extent to which things go. In response to this the Bahá’í Institute for Higher Education (BIHE) was set up which offers degrees from undergraduate level up to masters. These degrees are recognized in a number of countries worldwide and offer the youth a chance to make a living outside the country and minimize the expenses for their parents.

Article: Samra Akhtarkhavari Photography: Iain Simmons Production: Samra Akhtarkhavari & Kelly Figlios






Fortune for your










There was this woman in a stall, there was an event going onâ&#x20AC;¦ and I said why not. It was a onetime thing.








The fear comes because you believe in it. When you believe in it, it will affect you for years to come.



Article, images and production: Joeseph Zammit


English E


as or

nglish has become the most sought after language, earning the position as a global language and becoming a crucial necessity when applying for almost any job anywhere. Hence, people from all over the world take the initiative to learn the language either in their home country or by taking short courses abroad at an English language school. With over forty schools, Malta is one of the leading countries teaching English to foreigners, with a total of 61,607 foreigners recorded to have arrived on our island in 2005 and a substantial increase in 2010 of 73,000 foreigners.



a Foreign Language as an Excuse? However, concerns have arisen as unfortunately, Malta did not do as well since the summer of 2011 compared to the previous summers. This is due to a number of reasons. Firstly, Spanish students decreased significantly as the government reduced the amounts being provided as scholarships to Malta, the country which previously provided us with the largest influx. Moreover, the Italian government also withdrew one of its schemes whereby its employees could send their children to study English in Malta. This led to a drop from another country; however, this drop will hopefully be compensated through a rise in students coming from other countries such as Columbia, Turkey and Russia. This focus on the English language is not only beneficial for the Maltese tourism industry, but also for the global economy. The importance of being capable to communicate using the English language is incessantly drilled into our society through the media or educational programmes although it is still unclear whether the young generation really recognize the value of possessing this skill. Undoubtedly, there are many students, typically over 25 years of age that come to Malta to learn a language and hence, make it their priority whilst on their holiday. The usual period of time that students usually stay is for about 2 to 3 weeks, therefore they exploit the little time they have in order to become as proficient in the language as their time would allow them to be. In contrast, every Summer, other groups of students will come, usually aged 18 to 21 who have nothing on their mind other than to party till they drop- literally. Consequently, the students will attend their lectures at 9am solely in body, reeking of alcohol and barely awake. This result is inevitable after a night out, with a place like Paceville awaiting them, however, these students wind up disrupting the entire class, even the ones who would be taking the course seriously. Furthermore, these ill-behaved students will not dare miss a lesson, as with significant absenteeism showing on their

certificate, the students will not receive the grant promised to them by the government. Therefore, the teacher must cope with a class of huffy- puffy students, dozing off in between each exercise whilst trying to keep the diligent students entertained. It is no easy task and unfortunately this situation is encountered every summer. There is no way of controlling this situation as ultimately, the students are allowed to spend their holiday however they please. Whether they acquire the life- skill of learning such an important language is their prerogative. It is the responsibility of the student to assess how important it is to them to learn English and only pursue the challenge if they are truly willing to take it. The teacherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s responsibility is to deliver the lesson in an interactive and interesting manner that will keep the students alert and satisfied with their choice to learn English, at that particular school in Malta.


The students will attend their lectures at 9am solely in body, reeking of alcohol and barely awake


Article and Photography by Sarah Gauci Loporto Design by Rebecca Galea






in the


t has almost been a year now, since I came back from achieving my dream. It truly was a once in a lifetime opportunity. the opportunity to study for a year, in a land far far away, at Akita International University, in the land of the rising sun - Japan. I was actually the first Maltese student to ever study there. I had thought a year is a long time to be away from my home country, but it flew by so fast. I have seen so much in a year, and yet so little. Japan is a land of wonders, and there is yet so much for me to explore if I ever go back. Japanese culture was not totally new to me however now I got to experience it first-hand. Not only did I make a lot of Japanese friends, but friends from all around the globe. Since the university was international, there was a large number of exchange students, all with their own unique reasons for studying in a faraway land. Some because they like Japanese animations, some because they like sushi, and some even because they have a fetish for Japanese girls. I myself also had my own cause. I grew up watching Japanese animations, and being

highly influenced by my older brother who was also interested in Japanese pop culture. However in my teenage years, I took my interest a step further, and discovered the Japanese culture, language, and the people. Having previously been accustomed to listening Japanese helped me get my level of Japanese language up faster than most of my classmates. Studying abroad for a whole year makes one learn so many new things, not only about a new country, and a new culture, but about yourself. When you are not living with your parents, and not knowing anyone, you will truly discover things which you never knew before. Before I used to consider myself as a bit of a reserved and shy person. But after my one year stay in Japan, I feel I have changed into a more confident and outgoing person. I have also actually learned some new recipes while cooking for myself. Japan is a place where old traditions merge with the new innovative developments. People there live in the future, when compared to Western countries. It is suitable for every kind of person, for those looking for culture, for those geeks looking for technology and robotics, for those who are looking for adventure, or for those who want to just have a relaxing holiday in an exotic place. Overall, this experience was irreplaceable, invaluable, and unforgettable. It came to me like a lightning bolt from the sky, and I decided to take it, knowing it could be risky but it could also strengthen me, and I am sure it did make me stronger in many ways. Article, Illustration and Production: Julian Tirazona



20 things 20 year olds should know


t’s crazy how fast time passes, and before you know it you’re OLD. Youth is the most important stage of your life, it’s the time to experience all the good and the bad, it’s the time to explore who you are and where you are going. Wouldn’t it just be great if there was someone out there who had experienced these things and has solutions about how to make your 20s easier? So here you go, here are 20 things that 20 year olds should know and do!




Social Media is not a career! Stop spending so much time on these devices; you’re not getting anything out of them. You are missing out on new experiences and the fun parts of life. Stop living in a virtual word, open your eyes and look at the world that’s passing you by. Your life does not depend on thumbing away!


You’re talented, but talent is over-rated! Congratulations, you may be the most capable person ever but if you don’t work towards your success your talent will be wasted. Don’t sit back and wait for things to fall on your lap, go out and work for them.


Good friends are hard to find – Hold on!! Don’t take your friends for granted. With all that goes on in your 20’s its easy to start detaching from your friends, however dont fall into this trap, friends are the most important people in your lives right now! It’s important to sift through your friends, keep the radiators, those people that make you feel good and that radiate warmth and happiness, and drop the drainers, those that drain the life out of you, and pull you down.


Procrastination won’t get you anywhere! You need to get things done and sitting wasting time isn’t going to get them done for you! It’s good to relax here and there, enjoy some time to yourself and just pull your legs up for a bit, but it’s important to get things done and enjoy your free time exploring who you are and what you like. Don’t be idle! Do things you enjoy, and explore new horizons.


Spend 25% less than you make. Don’t shackle yourself with golden handcuffs (a fancy car or apartment) but rather be able to control yourself

with your earning’s. Think before you spend, try to control your finances, because in a few years you may want to have your own place, or you may want to get married, or start your own business. So where you can, try put some money aside for a rainy day. Every little helps! Spend 25% less than you make and it’s a guaranteed formula to be less stressed and always have the flexibility to support your dreams


People will disappoint you, move on! Don’t get too disappointed when things go awry, no one is perfect, so people will upset you along the way, understand that they are human, and they make mistakes too, try be rational and understanding about certain situations.


Learn to prioritise between what’s urgent and what’s important, learn to prioritize things in your life in a way that makes things more efficient and gives you less time to stress. Don’t let urgent things linger. Deal with it ASAP! The sooner it gets done, the sooner you can chill and move on to other things. Stop leaving things for the last minute that only worked out in high school!


A new job a year isn’t a good thing! 1 year stints don’t say that you’re so talented you keep outgrowing your company. Rather it suggests that you don’t have the discipline to see your own growing curve. It takes a while to master a skill, so give yourself that time. It doesn’t look clean on your CV to have jumped ship so many times, but looks like a red flag on why not to be hired.






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Quit blaming others for your own mistakes We are not perfect, so mistakes are understandable, but take responsibility for them, grow from them and learn. No one will judge you for making mistakes, but they will judge you if you’re not capable of owning up to your mistake and dealing with it.

Don’t give up! If things don’t go your way, if you try to achieve something and you did not manage, keep trying. Don’t quit the moment you don’t succeed, because that’s the only moment you will truly fail. The only failure in life is to stop trying. Nothing comes easy so work hard and keep fighting till you achieve what you’ve been working for.

Don’t ever settle for less than you deserve – know your worth! You’re worth it, you deserve so much so don’t just settle because you think you don’t deserve better. If you feel that you deserve more than you are getting, go out and look for that! SMILE - very often!! Your smile is the most beautiful accessory you have, use it. Just a simple smile can go a long way; you might be making someone’s day with a simple smile. Live it up! You’re only 20 once, have a good time, don’t worry about what other people think, feel comfortable in your body, and do things that make you happy!


Work out – be healthy! Get up, be active, and get your heart pumping. Exercise is just the ticket to control those hormones; it helps you release those happy endorphins, which makes you feel great about yourself. It is important to not only look good but also to feel good!


Take a vacation! Go abroad and experience new cultures, taste different types of food, sight see, swim with the fish, party with the locals... To travel is to live, now is the time to do it whilst you’re bursting with energy and hype.

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Don’t over think too much! It’s good to think about things and evaluate your choices, but don’t stress out on overthinking things too much. Make better choices that will yield great results.

Don’t depend on others! Depending on others won’t get you too far! One day there may come a time, when you are the only person you can depend on, so start being more independent! Learn to cook for yourself, do you own washing and iron your own clothes.


Your reputation is priceless don’t damage it! Your reputation is the most valuable currency you have in a business. It opens and closes doors for you so take care of it. Don’t forget that in this day and age everything can be recorded and put up on social media sites! Be professional, and be careful!

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Read more books, and tweet less! Enjoy a good read and absorb yourself in a pool of knowledge and spend less time tweeting away. Speak up! If someone or something makes you unhappy, or gets in your way speak up! Don’t harbour these things inside. It will only make things worse. Be heard!

Article, Photography and production by Steffi De Martino & Kristina Grech





MaKS DTP Practice Magazine â&#x20AC;&#x201C; May 2014

Hues magazine no1  

A practice magazine for Desktop Publishing students at the Faculty of Media and Knowledge Sciences, University of Malta. June 2014.