4 GOLD MERCURY INTERNATIONAL Global Governance: Towards a New Ethic
Global Governance The ongoing process of globalisation is rapidly reducing the significance of borders and people are becoming more and more interconnected. As a result, many problems cannot be dealt with by individual states anymore because they are affecting people regardless of their nationality. Decision making on a global level - global governance - is needed and issues have to be addressed through cooperation between different actors. Global governance should not be confused with global government. In fact, as there is no global government and no universal global enforcement power, global governance relies on a variety of actors. A few decades ago, global governance referred primarily to intergovernmental and/ or bilateral relationships. Today the international system increasingly incorporates the voice of NGOs, citizens’ movements, multinational corporations and the common realities we share through a democratic global media. The current multilayered and polycentric system of global governance is not only a reaction to globalisation itself; it is actually shaping globalisation through the vehicles of regional and global organisations. This includes the UN, the G8, G20, the IMF etc, national and international law, international treaties, international policy making and multiple non-state actors. The way in which the ‘global governance’ system is structured thus impacts everyone, from the individual citizen to the boardroom CEO. We need a way to understand sustainable global governance without taking recourse to several qualifications in international relations. The global governance ‘complex’, or system, is a matter of concern for everybody in helping to facilitate a ‘good global community’ and manoeuvring prospective conflict over global public goods such as scarce resources, human rights, the environment, through democratic platforms. This article aims to reduce the current and future complexity of global governance to something remarkably simple: a global ethic. Globalisation has undeniably created complex ethical dilemmas at the micro and macro level. Yet it is not a “new way of thinking” that we so desperately need; it is an assiduous application of what we have always known—that we need a code of discipline, integrity and respect for our global neighbours. The UN Declaration of Human Rights marked a significant stage in our 20th century global morality—it showed that human suffering was a global concern
Published on Jan 14, 2014
This paper proposes a holistic return to a dialogue of global ethics, values and morality to change behaviour within global leadership and t...