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Head Office: Blk (1), Rm(R6), Myanmar InfoTech, Hlaing Ts, Yangon. Branch Office: No. 50, 2nd Fl. Bank St, Kyauktada Ts, Yangon. Ph: 0980 23992 , 0950 01401 e-Mail - dhammavira@gmail.com

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odaYk omf olrY mS tifrwef&if;ES;D wJo h il ,fcsi;f wpfa,muf&w dS ,f/ tJ'v D u l td;k vkyif ef;vkypf m;w,f/ C#dum&qdw k hJ td;k xde;f onfBu;D / tJ'D C#dum&qdkwJh tdk;xdef;onf[m jrwfpGmbk&m;eJY tvGefYudk&if;ESD;wJh rdwfaqGBuD;/ uóyjrwfpGmbk&m;eJY b,favmuf&if;ESD;ovJqdk&if tJ'D C#dum&tdk;xdef;onfBuD;u olYtdrfrSm xrif;[if;awGcsufxm;w,f/ csufNyD;olbmvkyfwkef;qdk&if ykpGefvHk;wGif;awGu uspfpmajrBuD;awGudk vdkuf&Smpkaqmif;NyD; tdk;zkwfw,f? tJ'Dtdk;awGudk toifhcsxm;w,f/ vdkcsifwJhvlu vm,lç qefuav;? yJuav;ay;oGm;w,f/ tJ'D&wJh qefav;yJav;awGeYJ rsupf Ed pS u f iG ;f tvif;r&wJh rdbESpyf g;udk jyKpak ewm? oludk,fwkdif tem*grfBuD;wJh/ wpfaeYusawmh uóyjrwfpmG bk&m;u tdr<f uvmw,f/ C#d um& td;k xde;f onfBu;D u ajroGm;&SmaewJt h csed ?f ajroGm;wl;aewJt h csed ?f tdrrf mS rsurf jrif tazeJt Y ar 'DEpS af ,mufy&J w dS ,f/ bk&m;ua&mufvm NyD;awmh olYudkac:w,f/ ]]a[h- 'Dtdrfu b*¾0 qdkwm b,foGm;vJ}} wJh/ ]b*¾0} qdkwm tEG,femrnfudkac:wm/ ]]b*¾0 b,foGm;wkef;}} qdkawmh rdtzkd tdak wGu ]]t&Sib f &k m; 'umr&Sb d ;l bk&m;? ajroGm;,laew,f/ t&Sif bk&m;twGuf qGr;f awG[if;awG xm;cJw h ,f/ t&Sib f &k m;bmom ,lomG ; yg}} vdq Yk w kd ,f/ uóybk&m;u tdraf y:wufNy;D awmh td;k cGuaf wGveS af vSm NyD; oydwfxJxnhfNyD; &SdwmawGtukef bkOf;ay;oGm;owJh/ C#dum& tdk;xdef;onfBuD;jyefvmaomtcg Munhfvkdufawmh xrif;awG[if;awG r&Sdawmhbl;/ ]]b,folpm;oGm;wkef;}} qdkawmh ]]rif;&JU oli,fcsif; uóybk&m; <uvmNyD;awmh bkOf;ay;oGm;av&JU}} qdkaawmh C#dum&Bu;D u 0rf;omvku d w f mwJ?h 0rf;omMunfE;l Ny;D awmh 7-&ufww d d xrif;rpm;bl;/ tar tazvnf;yJ 7- &ufww d d xrif;rpm;bJeYJ 0rf;om aevku d w f m? 'Dvt kd jzpftysurf sKd ;awG awGUBuKH avmufatmif tifrwefrS &if;ESD;wJhyk*¾dKvfayhg/ C#dum&[m aZmwdygvqdkwJh bk&m;tavmif;&JU oli,fcsi;f yJ/ aZmwdygvu bk&m;tavmif;jzpfayr,hv f Ykd uóybk&m; udk txifBuD;jcif;ç MunfndKav;pm;jcif; r&Sdbl;/ wpfaeYusawmh C#dum&u aZmwdygvudk ac:w,f/ ]]oli,f csif;- bk&m;ausmif;awmfu 'Dem;wifyJ oGm;&atmif}} qdkawmh bmajym wke;f qdak wmh ]]'D acgif;wH;k ,kwaf wGqD bmvdo Yk mG ;rSmwke;f }} wJ/h olajymwJh pum;vHk;u ]]rk@u}} wJh/ rk@u qdkwm jrefrmvdkjyef&if acgif;wHk;,kwf yJ/ ]]bmjzpfvdkYoGmrSmwkef;ç roGm;csifbl;}} vdkY jiif;y,fw,f/


WE LIVE WITH DHAMMA KNOWLEDGE "r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/ 'geJY C#dum&u ]]bk&m;ausmif;roGm;csif&if wdkYa&csdK;oGm;&atmif}} qdkawmh vku d o f mG ;w,f/ a&csKd ;Ny;D awmh xyfNy;D awmhac:jyefw,f/ ]]oli,fcsi;f - bk&m;ausmif;oGm;&atmif? 'Dem;av;yJ eD;eD;av;}} qdak wmhvnf; ac:vdrYk &bl;/ r&wJt h cgusawmh ykq;kd pqGNJ y;D awmhac:w,f? ac:wJhtcgusawmh ½kef;NyD;awmh rvkdufbl;yJjiif;w,f/ C#dum&tdk;xdef;onfu tifrwefrS cGeftm;Avaumif;w,f? rvkdufvdkufatmif ac:awmhr,fvYkd oluqH;k jzwfNy;D tJ'ZD mwdygv&JU aoQmifudk qGJudkifw,f? ]]oli,fcsif;? bk&m;ausmif;u 'Dem; eD;eD;av;&,f oGm;&atmif}} vdkYxyfac:w,f/ qHyifqGJac:awmhr,fhyHkayhg? qHyifudkudkifwm/ bk&m;tavmif;qdkwm pdwfaumif;awmh tifrwef&Sdw,f/ ]]C#dum&vdk atmufwef; uswJh vlu ihg&JUrGefjrwfwJhqHyifudkudkifw,fqdkwm 'Duóybk&m;eJYawGUzdkY tvGefta&;BuD;vdkY jzpfvdrhfr,f}}? ]]oli,fcsif; ihgqHyif rudkifeJY? vTwfvkdfuf? ig bk&m;ausmif;vkdufcJhr,f}} wJh/ 'g pdwfaumif;&SdvdkYayhg? r&SdvdkY&Sd&if tJ'Dem;wif&efjzpfrSmayhg/ 'geJY uóyjrwfpGmbk&m;xH vkdufoGm;w,f/ [dkvnf;a&mufa&m uóybk&m;u w&m;a[mw,f? w&m;emvnf;NyD;a&m w&m;yGJu xvmNyD; ausmif;awmfuqif;vmwJhtcg aZmwdygvvkvifu C#dum& udk ajymw,f/ ]]oli,fcsif;? rif; 'Dw&m;awGemaeNyD;awmh bmvdkY bke;f Bu;D r0wfwmvJ}} qkad wmh C#dum&td;k xde;f onfu ajymw,f? ]]rif;jrifwhJ twkid ;f yJ? ihgrSmu rdbESpfyg;udk jyKpkae&wm? b,frSm ouFef;0wfvdkY&rSmvJ}} qdkawmh aZmwdygvu ]]'Dvdkw&m;rsdK; em&rSawmh ig vlb Y 0rSm raeawmhb;l ? ouFe;f 0wfawmhr,f}} qdNk y;D csucf si;f ouFe;f 0wfomG ;w,f/ bk&m;tavmif;awGu t,l0g'wpfckvufcHNyDqdk&if csufcsif; vufcHw,f/ 'ghaMumihf uóybk & m;xH r S m ouF e f ; 0wf o G m ;w,f w J h / ajymcsif w mu bmwk e f ; qd k a wmh bk & m; tavmif;yifjzpfapumrl bk&m;eJYawGUayr,hf MunfndKcsifrS MunfndKwm? bmjzpfvdkY 'Dvkdjzpf& wmwkef;qdkawmh jA[®PqdkwJhtodkif;t0kdif;rSm vljzpfonhftwGufaMumifh olwdkYudk,folwdkY tvGefrmeBuD;NyD; bk&m;udkMunfndKav;pm;rI o'¨gpdwfaysmufoGm;w,f/ 'gaMumihf bke;f Bu;D wdw Yk pfawG[m aomwmyefrjzpfao;orQ umvywfv;kH ud, k u hf , kd u f kd txif B uD ; p&mtaMumif ; r&S d b l ; wJ h / aemif b 0 wpf c k a &muf o G m ;wJ h t cg ywf 0 ef ; usif u d k rvG e f q ef E d k i f o nh f t wG u f a Mumih f 'D b 0 Ak ' ¨ b momjzpf a yr,h f aemif b 0rS m Ak ' ¨ b mom jzpfcsifrSjzpfr,f/ 'gaMumifhudk,hf&JUtodÓPfudk ckdifrmatmifBudK;pm;oihfw,f/ ]]jzpfEdkifwmeJY rjzpfEdkifwm}} qdkwJh 'Dw&m;udkemNyD;awmh ]]wdkY wpfawG[m 'd|dorÜEérSefuefwJhtjrif&SdwJh aomwmyefyk*¾dKvfrsdK;jzpfatmif vkyfxm;rS ocFg&w&m;awGtay:rSm ]tedpt ö jrif} [m ckid rf mrSmjzpfw,f/ ]'ku© qdw k t hJ jrif} [m ckid rf mrSmjzpfw,f/ obm0w&m;rSeo f rQ ]tewå qdkwJhtjrif} [mvnf; ckdifrmrSmjzpfw,f/ aomwmywård *f aomwmywåzd v kd q f w kd hJ 'DtodÓPfrsKd ;udk r& ao;orQ wdw Yk pfawG[m tifrwefBu;D av;wJh jypfrBI u;D awGuv kd nf; usL;vGerf ad umif; usL;vGerf Md uvdrrfh ,f/ ]]ykxZk Ofb0[m tvGew f &m tjypfBu;D vSygvm;}} vkYd ud, k pf u D , kd pf o D abmusNy;D awmh ykxZk Ofb0udk vGeaf jrmufNy;D aomwmyef? ou'g*grf? tem*grf pwJh xl;jcm;wJht&d,m yk*¾dKvfjzpfatmif usihfBuHBudK;ukwf om"k om"k om"k tm;xkwfEdkifMuygapukefownf;/

5

Ak'*¨ w D u d m q&mawmf OD;oDvmpm&

(½kd;rwdrf r[matmifajrausmif;) e*F v uk v ax¦ & 0w¦ K Ak'¨&Sifawmfjrwfonf om0w¦djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfü aeawmfrlaomtcg ykqkd; EGrf;wpfxnfESihf wHzsm;wpfacsmif;ukd atmuf a rh í vl x G u f t H h [ k tzef z ef B uH í aemuf r S o wd & um pd w f u k d q k H ; rí &[EÅ m tjzpfoaYkd &mufaom e*Fvrax&fudk taMumif; jyKí ]]twå e m apm',wå , eH } } paom ESpf*gxmukd a[mawmf rlonf/ twåem apm',wåmeH? y#drHaox twåem/ aom twå*kawåm owdrm? okcH bdu©K 0d[m[dod/ twåm [d twåaem emaxm? aum [d emaxm ya&m od,m/ twåm [d twåaem *wd? wo®m oH,rrwåmeH? tóH bN'H0 0gPdaZm/ jref r muAsm rdrdonf onfom ukd,frSmEId;aqmf? oihfavsmfaxmufvSrf; pkHprf;ygaemf? uk, d u f adk pmihaf &Smuf owdaqmufaomf? csrf;ompGmh ae& &[ef;awmf/ By self do you censure yourself, by self do you examine yourself. Selfguarded and mindful, O bhikkhu, you will live happily.

pum;ajy/ / rdrdonfomvQif rdrdukd,fukd wdu k w f eG ;f EI;d aqmf oihaf vsmaf tmif jypfwifq;Hk r avmh/ rdrdonfyif rdrdukd,fukd apmihfa&Smufí owd&SdaevQif tkd &[ef;- oifonf csrf;ompGm ae&vdrhfrnf/ jref r muAsm tm;ukd;p&m ukd,fom&Sdonf? tm;ukd;&mrsm; wjcm;rwnf? rdrdukd,fom oGm;&mrSDonf? 'gaMumihfvJ ukd,fyJapmihf&rnf? ukefonfjrif; apmihfjcif; ykHpHrSD/ Self, indeed, is the protector of self; self, indeed, is one's refuge; control therefore your own self as a merchant, a noble steed.

pum;ajy/ / rdrdonfomvQif rdrdukd;uG,f&m t&Sifocifjzpf\/ rdrdrSwpfyg; tm;ukd;p&m ay:rvmay/ rdrdonfomvQif (aemufb0 twGuf)oGm;&m vm&m rSDckd&mjzpf\/ xkdYaMumihf jrif;ukefonfçonf aumif;jrwfaomjrif;ukd aumif;pGmapmihfa&Smuf ouJhodkY rdrdukd,fukd (tukov dk rf jzpfatmif) apmihaf &Smufavavmh/


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

6

"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

r8¾if&Spfjzm omoem (4) rk H & G m aeZm

(,cif t ywf r S t quf ) (ps) ]r*¾if&Spfjzm omoem} trnfjzihf aqmif;yg;rsm;udk r[mowdy|meokwf tajccH NyD;a&;om;vmcJh&m trSwf 3 txda&muf&SdcJh NyD; ,ckaqmif;yg;trSwf 4 udk qufvufa&; om;ygonf/ "r®mEkyóemydkif;wGif eD0&Pydkif;? cE¨mydik ;f ? tm,weydik ;f ? aAmZÑiyf ikd ;f ESifh opömydik ;f [lí &Sdav&m eD0&PESihf cE¨mydkif;NyD;cJhygNyD/ tm,weydik ;f rSm1/ pu©m,we-rsufpd 2/ aomwm,we-em; 3/ Cmem,we-ESmacgif; 4/ Zd0Sm,we-vQm 5/ um,m,we-udk,f 6/ rem,we-pdwf[laom tZÑwdåum ,weac: twGif;tm,weajcmufyg;wdkYü owduyfí ½IrSwfyHkwdkYudk jyqdkxm;ayonf/ rdrdwdkYonf rsufpd(pu©Kyom')jzihf t&m&mudkMunfhMuonf/ em;(aomwyom') jzihf toHrsKd;pHk wdkYudk em;axmifMuonf/ ESmacgif;(Cmeyom')jzihf teHYrsKd;pHk wdkYudkarT;MuLerf;½dIufMuonf/ Zd 0 S m ac: vQm(Zd 0 S m yom')jzih f t&omrsKd;pHkudk oHk;aqmifMuonf/

udk,f(um,yom')jzihf tawGU txd rsK;d pHu k akd wGUxdcpH m; Muonf/ pd w f ( rem,w)jzih f tawG;rsKd;pHk "r®m½Hkrsm;udk awG; awmMuonf/ (n) 1/ ½lyg,we- tqif;rsK;d pHk ½lyg½Hk 2/ o'´g,we-toHrsKd;pHk o'´g½Hk 3/ *E¨ m ,we-teH Y r sKd ; pH k *E¨m½Hk 4/ &om,we-t&om rsKd;pHk &om½Hk azm|AÁ m ,we-tawG U txd r sKd ; pH k

5/ &om½Hk 6/ "r®m,we-tawG;tac:rsK;d pHk "r®m½Hk þtm,weajcmuf y g;? tm½H k ajcmufyg;wdo Yk nf tjyifrmS &Sad om A[d'g¨ ,we jyifytm,wersm;jzpfMuonf/ rsufpdESihfjrifp&m odkYr[kwf pu©m, weESihf ½lyg,wewdkY wdkufqHkjrifvdkuf½Hkjzihf bmbmnmnm cGJjcrf;pdwfjzm od&SdEkdifrI r&Sdao; ay/ ]pu©KÍö ½layp y#dpö OyÜZÆwd pu©K 0dnmPH} rsufpdESihf ½lyg½Hk tqif;wdkYudk tpGJjyK í (taMumif;jyKrSom) pu©K0dnmPf(jrifpdwf) jzpfay:vm&onfrSefyg\/ odkY&mwGif tjyiftm½HkjrifuGif;rsm;udk jrifprG ;f Ekid af om ]tmavmu}ac: tvif;a&mif &SdzdkY vdkayao;onf/ rsufpdvnf; ruef; jrifyg \/ jyify ouf&Sd? oufrJh t&m0w¬Kypönf;rsm; vnf; &Sdyg\/ odkYaomf arSmifrdkufaom tcef; xJrSm odkYr[kwf vuG,fn oef;acgif,H tcsdef rsKd;jzpfaevQif jrifzG,f&mr&Sday/ xdkYaMumihf tmavmuac: tvif;a&mifvnf;&Sd&rnfjzpf \/ xdkrQjzihf rjynhfpHkao;yg/ ysufwwf aom rsufpd? jrifaomjrifuGif; ½lyg½Hk? vdktyf aom tvif;a&mif&adS omfvnf; ouf&jdS zpfvQif

rnfolrnf0g oufrJhjzpfvQif bmbmnmnm? t&m&mudkESvHk;oGif;qifjcifaom ]reodum&} vnf ; &S d & ayOD ; rnf / od k Y r S o m jrif j cif ; ES i h f ywfoufí cGJjcrf;pdwfjzmjynhfpHkygvdrhfrnf/ xdkYaMumihf jrifrI? MunhfrI udpöwpfck üyif 1/ pu©K-rsufpd 2/ ½lyg½Hk-tqif;? jrifuGif; 3/ tmavmu-tvif;a&mif 4/ reod u m&- ES v H k ; oG i f ; qif j cif r I þav;ckjynhfpHkrSom ]pu©K0dnmPf} ac: jrifod pdwfjzpfay:Ekdifayonf/ 1/ pu©K½lygavmu reoduma&m y#dpöOyÜZÆwd pu©K0dnmPH... ]pu© K ? ½l y ? tmavmuES i h f ? reodum&? aygif;qHkrS? jzpf&pu©K0dnmPH} (aus;Zl;&Sif *E¦um&u b'´EÅaum0d' "r®*kPf &nfusrf;) (#) xdt Yk wlyif ]aomw0dnmPf} ac: Mum;odpdwf wpfckjzpfay:rItwGuf 1/ aomw(aomwm,we)- em; 2/ o'´g½Hk(o'´g,we)-toH 3/ 0d0&[if;vif;jyif? tmumo 4/ reod u m&-ES v H k ; oG i f ; qif j cif r I þav;ckjynhfpHrSom ]aomw0dnPf} ac: ]Mum;odpdwf} jzpfay:Ekdifayonf/ -aomwo'´0d0& reoduma& y#dpöOyÜZÆwd aomw0dnmPH -aomwo'´ ? 0d 0 &ES i h f reod u m&? aygif ; qH k r S aomw0d n mPf a y:/ ]Cme0dnmPf} ac: eHo?d arT;odpw d f jzpfay:&ef 1/Cmem,we-ESmacgif; 2/ *E¨m,we-teHY 3/ 0ga,mpdwf-av 4/ reodum&-ESvHk;oGif;qifjcifrI þav;ck jynhfpHk&rnf/ -Cme*E¨0g,kreoduma& y#dpöOyÜZÆ wd Cme0dnmPH? -Cme? *E¨ ? av;0g,ES i h f pmrsuf E S m 9 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

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tvSLcHpp d pfí xyfrv H LS 'ge;f aomrif; &S i f Ó P (zsmyH k ) ZrÁL'dww f pfuRe;f vH;k olwpfyg; r,SOf Ekid af tmif tvSLBu;D ay;vSLNy;D rS olt Y vSLudk cH,l pm;aomuf M uonf h yk * ¾ d K vf r sm; taMumif ; jyefvnfpOf;pm;rdonf/ olYtvSLrSm vma&muf pm;oHk;Muaom tvSLcHyk*¾dKvf? jA[®P? &[ef; yk P Ö m ;rsm;ES i h f v l t aygif ; u ig;yg;oD v yif rapmihx f ed ;f Edik Mf u? 'kóv D rsm;om? xdt k awG;u 0if a &muf v maomtcg tvS L &S i f j zpf a om uk½kwdkif;£E´yw¬jynhf&Sif aum&Asrif;BuD;\ ty&apwemrSm tjypftemtqmjzpfcJh&\/ odkYaomf aum&Asrif;um; qifjcif ÓPf&Sdoljzpfí ty&apwemcRwf,Gif;rIudk ukpm;&ef enf;vrf;aumif;&&Sad &;twGuf ol\ q&mynm&Sd trwfBuD;0d"l&udkac:um ynm &Sdolawmfaumif; tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfwdkYtm; yihfzdwf vsuf vSL'gef;&ef pHkprf;ar;jref;avonf/ ]0d " l & ynm&S d ? tusih f j rwf a om jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYudk qGrf;abmZOfrsm; igvSL'gef;vdkygw,f/ &GmolESpfa,mufwdkY&JU udpö jzpfaom arxkerf 0DS rJ u I kd a&SmifMuOfNy;D A[kow k tMum;tjrifrsm;aom oDvapmihfxdef;aom? jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYudk &SmazGay;prf;yg/ oDveJY jynhfpHkwJhjA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;awGudk vSL'gef;&wm tifrwef tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;ay w,f trwfBuD;....} ]]jrwfaom rif;BuD; vSL'gef;wJh qGrf; abmZOfukd pm;oH;k apvdak om yk*Kd¾ vw f rYkd mS &Gmol ESpfOD;wdkY&JU tusihfjzpfwJh arxkefrSD0JrIudkvnf; rjyKol? oDveJYvnf; jynhfpHkolawG jzpfzdkYqdk wm tvGefw&mjzpfcJvSygw,f t&Sifrif;BuD;}} ]]ynm&Sdokcrdef taMumif;jcif;&mudk avQmufwifprf;ygOD;}} ]]jrwfaom rif;BuD; q,fa,muf aom jA[®P&[ef; ykPmÖ ;rsK;d q,fa,mufw&Ykd UJ taMumif;udk igYynmeJY a0zefpdppfjyygYr,f? toifrif;BuD; rSwfom;awmfrlyg}} (1) ]]jrwfaomrif;BuD; tcsKdUaom jA[®P &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkY[m aq;ypönf;pHkxnfh xm;wJh aq;vG,ftdwfudkvG,fNyD; &GmpOfvSnhf um aq;ukaeMuygw,f? 'Daq;u b,fa&m *gudkaysmufuif;apw,fvkdYajymum aq;vnf; a&mif;pm;Muw,f? 'Dhtjyif aq;usrf;*gxmrsm; vnf ; a&;om;jyKpk M uw,f / aemuf w pf c g

blw0dZmÆ rEÅmefuv kd nf; &Gwq f Mkd uw,f? rif;Bu;D tJ'DjA[®P&[ef; ykPÖm;awG[m aq;ukpm; aom ]wdudpäuorm aq;orm;eJYwlygw,f? tJ'Dvdk tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfjA[®P&[ef; ykPÖm;wdkYudk t&Sifrif;BuD; qnf;uyfvSL'gef;vdkygovm;}} ]]ynm&S d ok c rd e f jA[® P &[ef ; ykPÖm;tusihfudkrusihfbJ wpfyg;aom tusihf? usiafh eMuvdYk jA[®P &[ef;ykPmÖ ;yif rqdx k u kd f 0d"&l okcrdet f jcm;? A[kow k tMum;tjrifrsm; NyD; oDveJY jynhfpHkwJh yk*¾dKvfwdkYudkom vSL'gef; vdyk gw,f}} (2)]]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; tcsKd U aom jA[®P&[ef;ykPmÖ ;wd[ Yk m aMu;pnfukd wD;cwf NyD; &GmpOfvSnhfvnfum vSL'gef;zdkYwdkufwGef; EdI;aqmfMuygw,f/ 'Dhtjyif tJ'DjA[®Pm&[ef; ykPÖm;awG[m ]y&dpm&du ormwd} uReftcdkif; taprsm;eJYwlygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tvSLcHyk*d¾Kvf jA[® P &[ef ; yk P Ö m ;wd k Y u d k t&S i f r if ; BuD ; qnf;uyfvLS 'gef;vdyk govm;}} ]]ynm&So d ck rdejf A[®P&[ef; ykPmÖ ; tusih f u d k r usih f y J wpf y g;aom tusih f u d k usiafh eMuvdYk jA[®P&[ef;ykPmÖ ;yif rqdx k u kd ?f 0d"&l okcrdef tjcm;A[kow k tMum;tjrifrsm;Ny;D oDveJY jynhfpHkwJh yk*¾dKvfwdkYudkom vSL'gef;vdk ygw,f/ (3)]]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; tcsKd U aom jA[® P &[ef ; yk P Ö m ;rsKd ; wd k Y [ m u&m;eJ Y wkwfaumuf,laqmifNyD; NrdKU&GmeJY rif;wdkYxH

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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½dkufESdyfay;jcif;wdkYudkvJ jyKMuygw,f/}} ]]jrwfaomrif;Bu;D 'Dt h jyif ya&m[dwf ykPÖm;BuD;wdkY[m EGm;uRJ 0uf qdwf pwmawGudk arG;jrLNy;D ud, k w f ikd o f wfjzwfa&mif;csMuygw,f/ tJ'yD ak &m[dwaf wGuv kd J avmua0g[m&tae eJY jA[®PykPÖm;vdkY qdkMuygw,f t&Sifrif;BuD; tJ'Dvdk tvSLcHyk*¾dKvf jA[®P ykPÖm;rsm;tm; qnf;uyfvLS 'gef;vdyk govm;}} ]]ynm&So d ck rdef jA[®PykPmÖ ; tusifh udrk usiyfh J wpfyg;aom tusiu fh kd usiafh eMuvdYk jA[®PykPÖm;vdkYyif rqdkxdkuf? 0d"l&okcrdef tjcm; A[kokwtMum;tjrifrsm;NyD; oDveJY jynhfpHkwJh yk*¾dKvfwdkYudkom vSL'gef;vdkygw,f}} (*) ]]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; tcsKd U aom jA[®PykPÖm;rsKd;wdkY[m oefusufckwfenf; ynmudk uRrf;usifatmifoifMum;NyD; ukefonf rsm; c&D;oGm;&mvrf;wGif tc,lNyD; vHkNcHKa&; apmihfay;Muygw,f/ vHkNcHKa&; tapmihftaeeJY ac;&ifvJ tc,lum aqmif&Gufygw,f/ olwdkY udkvJ avmua0g[m&taeeJYawmh jA[®P ykPÖm;vkdY owfrSwfajymqdkMuygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tvSLcHy*k Kd¾ vf jA[®PykPmÖ ;rsK;d wdu Yk akd um t&Sif rif;Bu;D qnf;uyfvLS 'gef;vdyk govm;}} ]]ynm&Sdokcrdef jA[®PykPÖ;tusihf udkrusihfbJ wpfyg;aom tusihfudk usihfaeMu vdkY jA[®PykPÖm;vkdYyifrqdkxdkuf? 0d"l&okcrdef tjcm;A[kokw tMum;tjrifrsm;NyD; oDveJY jynhfpHkwJh yk*¾dKvfwdkYudkom vSL'gef;vdkygw,f}} (C) ]]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; tcsKd U aom jA[® P &[ef ; yk P Ö m ;rsKd ; wd k Y [ m awmxJ w G i f wJtakH usmif;aqmufvyk af exdik Nf y;D ausmu h iG ;f eJY orif'&,f *sD? pdkif? qwf? ,kefwdkYudk zrf;qD; owf j zwf p m;aomuf a exd k i f M uygw,f / tJ'DjA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;rsKd;[m ]vk'´uorm} rkqdk;eJYwlMuygw,f t&Sifrif;BuD;? 'gayr,fh avmua0g[m&taeeJYawmh olwdkYudkvnf; jA[®P &[ef;ykPÖm;vdkYajymqdkygw,f/ tJ'Dvdk tvSLcH yk*¾KdvfjA[®P &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYudkaum t&Sifrif;BuD; qnf;uyfvSL'gef;vdkygovm;}} ]]ynm&So d ck rdef jA[®P&[ef; ykPmÖ ; tusihfudkrusihfbJ wpfyg;aom tusihfudk usihf aeMuvdkY jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;vdkYyif rqdkxdkuf? 0d"l&okcrdef tjcm;A[kokw tMum;tjrifrsm; Ny;D oDveJjY ynhpf w kH hJ yk*Kd¾ vw f u Ykd o kd m vSL'gef;vdyk g w,f}} (i) ]]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; tcsKd U aom

jA[® P yk P Ö m ;rsKd ; wd k Y [ m Opö m ypö n f ; ud k tvdkavmbBuD;Muygw,f/ tJ'gaMumihf olwdkY [m anmif a pmif ; atmuf r S m td y f M uNyD ; raumif;rI pifMu,fatmif aq;aMumwwfaom ,ZfylaZmfjcif;trIjyKMuygw,f/ t&Sifrif;BuD; olwdkY[mvnf; tnpftaMu;pifatmif acgif; aq;avQmfwwfaom vlrsm;eJYwlygw,f}} ]]t&S i f r if ; jrwf ]rvrZÆ o rm} raumif;rItnpftaMu;udak q;wwfaom vleYJ wl w J h tJ ' D j A[® P &[ef ; yk P Ö m ;wd k Y u d k v nf ; avmu a0g[m&taeeJY jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm; vdyYk J ac:Muygw,f/ tJ'v D kd tvSLcHy*k Kd¾ vjf A[®P &[ef; ykPÖm;wdkYudk t&Sifrif;BuD; qnf;uyf vSL'gef;vdyk govm;}} ]]ynm&Sdokcrdef jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm; tusih f u d k r usih f b J wpf y g;aom tusih f u d k usihfaeMuvdkY jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;vdkYyif rqdk xdu k ?f 0d"&l okcrdet f jcm; A[kow k tMum;tjrif rsm;NyD; oDveJYjynhfpHkwJh yk*¾dKvfwdkYudkom vSL'gef; vdyk gw,f/}} [k aum&Asrif;Bu;D u ajzNrt J wdik ;f yifajzMum;vdkuf\/ ynm&Sdokcrdefjzpfaom trwfBuD; vnf; aum&Asrif;Bu;D \ rSeu f efaom t,l0g' ES i h f w d u sjywf o m;aom tajzpum;rsm;ud k Mum;em&ojzihf rif;BuD;tvdkqE´udk jznhfpGrf;vdk aomaMumihf..../ ]jrwf a omrif ; BuD ; t&S i f r if ; BuD ; qGrf;abmZOfvSL'gef;vdkaom tusihfoDveJY jynh f p H k N yD ; &G m ol w d k Y tusih f a rxk e f j yKrI u d k a&SmifMuOfwwfaom jA[®PykPÖm;wdkYvnf; &S d y gw,f / tJ ' D j A[® P &[ef ; yk P Ö m ;awG u wpf x yf q G r f ; om bk O f ; ay;wwf y gw,f / ao&nfao&ufudk raomufMuyg? jrwfaom rif;BuD; tJ'DjA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYudk ]y&rw¬} jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;vdkYac:ygw,f/ y&rw¬ yk*¾dKvfjzpfwJh jA[®P&[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYudk t&Sif rif;BuD; qnf;uyfvSL'gef;vdkygovm;}} aum&Asrif ; BuD ; onf wpf u sd y f wpfa,mufajrmufjzpfaom y&rw¬jA[®P &[ef;ykPÖm;wdkYtaMumif; Mum;odvdkuf&vQif 0rf;ajrmuf&Tifvef;aompdwfjzihf 0d"l& trwf BuD;tm; ar;jref;vdkuf\/ ]tdk taqG MunfndKzG,f*kPfeJY jynhfpHk wJh y&rw¬jA[®P&[ef; ykPÖm;awG b,ft&yf rSmaeovJ}} ]]t&SifjrwfwdkY[m ajrmuf[dr0EÅm eE´rv l P kd *f rl mS aeawmfrMl uygw,f t&Sirf if;Bu;D }} ]]0d"l& okcrdef y&rw¬jA[®P &[ef; ykPÖm;rsKd;wdkY[m trSefwu,f oDv&Sdayw,f/


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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

teEÅZde &SmykHawmf t&S i f * k P ao|(pwk b k r ® d u )

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg; &[ef;&Sifvltm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ awGESihf teEÅZdeukd ,SOfNyD; ,kHMunfrI tm;enf; cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ teEÅZdeESihf cGJcGmcJhNyD; 0*FZeyk'fukd a&muf? rkqkd;orD; rdqmygESihfawGUNyD; uav; wpfa,muf&cJhonf/ avmu0efukd weifhwykd; BuD; olxrf;cJh&\/ om;auR;rI r,m;auR;rI wdkYjzihf ½kef;uefae&ayr,fh wpfcPwmawGU cGihf&cJhaom teEÅZdeukd olrarhygay/ teEÅZde\ *kPfowif;awGuvnf; olaexkid &f m 0*FZeyk'x f d ysUH vGiv fh monf/ teEÅ Zde\ t"dyÜg,fukd aeYwdkif; cGJjcrf;pdwfjzmaecJhrd \/ ewfvljA[®mwdkYxuf jrwfaom teEÅZde? ud a vomuif ; pif a wmf r l a om teEÅ Z d e ? opö m av;yg;uk d q&mrul rd r d t vk d v k d uk d , f a wmf w k d i f o d a wmf r l a om teEÅ Z d e ponf ponf../ teEÅ Z d e \ *k P f o wif ; awG u k d wpfqifhtm;jzihfvnf;aumif;? olYtodÓPf tm;jzihfvnf;aumif; odvmcJh&onf/ teEÅZde ukd awGUzkdYtwGuf qmyg\tvSuGef&ufwdkYrS vnf; ½kef;xGufcJh&onf/ olY&JUrlvvrf;pOf twkdif; avmurS vGefajrmufwJhw&m;ukd &Sm& rnf/ xkw d &m;ukad wGUzkt Yd wGuf teEÅZed ukd OD;pGm &Sm&rnf/ teEÅZdeukd awGUonfESihfwpfNyKdifeuf ol&mS aewJw h &m;awGUNyD [k wxpfcs,MHk unf\/ ol a wG ; &if ; vrf ; quf a vQmuf a e onf/ teEÅZdeukd rawGUrcsif;aygh/ tm;vkH;ukd pGefYvTwfcJhNyD;NyD? olYü tdrfjyefvrf;r&Sdawmh/ tdrfjyefvrf;r&SdoltwGuf aemufqHwif;jcif; qkdwmvnf; r&SdEkdif? twdwfrS atmifjrifcJh ovm;? us½IH;cJhovm; tu,fí atmifjrif cJhonfqkdyguvnf; olbmjzpfcJhovJ? us½IH; cJhonfqkdyguvnf; olbmjzpfcJhovJ? tppf trSefr[kwfaom atmifjrifrI us½IH;rIonf avmu&JUtESpfom&r[kwfbl;qkdwmukd olod vkdufygonf/ twdwfukd twdwfrSmyJ xm;ypf cJhvkdufonf/ ypöKyÜefxd o,frvmcsifawmh/ olrY mS b0tarm oHo&mtarm avmutarm awG&Sdonf/ 'DtarmawGtm;vkH; olYrdwfaqG teEÅZed ESiafh wGUvQif ajyaysmufomG ;vdrrfh nf[k ,kHMunfygonf/ ol teEÅZdeukd rawGUrcsif; &SmazG&ygOD;rnf/ t&S i f * k P ao| (pwk b k r ® d u )

15

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/

jyefvnfn§dEIdif;ír&Ekdifaom cHpm;rIrsm; ouf y d k i f N id r f ; (½k u © a A')

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jzpfygonf/ ,ckvnf; xkdvli,fav;u uRefr ukd xkdifckHcg;ywfywfay;jcif;? av,mOfrSay; aom tpm;tpm? azsm&f nf? opfo;D rsm;tm;vk;H ukd uRefrpm;ívG,fulap&ef aqmif&Gufay; ygonf/ ]]at;uG,f vluav;ukd aus;Zl;wif ygw,f? 'ghxuf vlav;u tarhvufawG ajcawG odyfroefwm b,fvkdvkyfodovJuGJU}} ]]uRefawmfharar avjzwfoGm;vdkY uRefawmf jrefrmjynfukd acwåcP jyefvm& wmyg? uRefawmfu armfvNrKdifNrKdUuyg? tck awmh puFmylu tvkyfukd jyef0if&rSmyg? tarh ukd uRefawmfhtarvkd oabmxm;NyD; ulnDwm ygcifAsm}} rnfrQ MunfEl;p&m aumif;vkdufyg oenf;/ ]]om"k om"kuG,f? rdbawGukd jyKpk wwfwhJ auR;arG;apmihaf &SmufwwfwhJ om;orD; b,fawmhrS rn§K;d EGr;f ygbl;uG,?f 'DtusK;d aus;Zl; ukd vlav; aumif;aumif;cHpm;&rSm aocsm ygw,fu, G }f } uRefr xkdvluav;ukd tawmftHhMo csD ; usL;rd y gonf / uRef r \ vuf a jcrsm; roefpGrf;jcif;ukd uRefrESihf teD;uyfqkH;&Sdaeol pmrsuf E S m 36 ok d Y


DHAMMA DEW

17

"r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfap&onf/

waygif;omacgif vrsm;aemif? aqmif;ukefaEGajymif;? vwaygif; oD w mOD ; (jref r mpm) waygif;vonf jrefrm&moDvrsm;wGif wpfq,hfESpfvajrmuf vjzpfí wpfESpfwmumv\ aemufqHk;vjzpfonf/ waygif;v\ yxr v0ufonf aqmif;OwkwGif usa&mufí 'kwd,v0ufonf aEGOwkwGif usa&mufavonf/ aqmif;ukefaEGul; av½l;jrLpom,mvSaom &moD umvjzpfonf/ aqmif ; wpf 0 uf aEG w pf 0 uf u mv ,if;odkY aqmif;wpf0uf aEGwpf0uf umvjzpfaomaMumihf ]]omonfnif;nif;? ajrmufav<uif;ESi?fh qD;ESi;f ruke?f yl[ek rf onf;? ysUH ysUH jznf;om;}} [k tif;0acwfpmqdk-&Siftkef;ndKu zGJUqdkcJhouJhodkY xdkumv aeY & uf r sm;ü aeY t cgtawmf t oih f y l v mNyD j zpf N yD ; ntcgrsm;wG i f aqmif;Owk\ edrdwfyHk ajrmufavn§if;ESihf aqmif;ESif;<uif;wdkY &SdaeMuqJ jzpfí aqmif;&dyfaqmif;aiGU rjy,fao;bJ at;NrJcsrf;NrJ&Sdaeayao; onf/ ]]aeYylvdkY ncsrf; waygif;vvo&rf;}} [k a&S;ynm&SdBuD;wdkYu qdk½dk;jyKcJhMuonf/ odkYaomf ]]csrf;jrroef? jyif;xefryl? vGihfjrLraxmif;? nGeaf ysmif;rcsO;f avjyif;rvm}} qdo k nfEiS t fh nD &moDOwkrmS rcsr;f vGe;f rylvGef;ao;&um;? obm0tajctaeu om,mvSonfjzpfí tvGef yifaexdkifaumif;onfh &moDumvjzpfayonf/ cgaEGqef;p þ&moDþvþumvwGif awmawmif0ef;usi&f dS opfyiftaygif;wdkYrSm &Gufa[mif;a<uí &GufopfawG a0aeMuNyDjzpf &um;? 0ef;usifwpfcdkwGif pdrf;vef;pdkjynfvsuf txl;yifom,mMunfEl; p&m jzpfaeayNyD/ waygif ; vnf ; ul ; rd k ; om;MuL; txuftmuma0[ifaumif;uifwpfcGifwGifum; ]waygif; vnf;ul;? rkd;om;MuL;} [lonfh rdk;zGJUtqdkESihf tnDrdk;om;wdrfvdyf wdkYonfvnf; xdkxdkþþt&yfrsm;qDrS w&dyf&dyfwvdyfvdyf wufvmMu vsuf &Gmawmhrvdk? onf;rvdk rdk;vHk;NydKrQ wpfcJeuf pk½Hk;aeMuonfrSm e,f&SpfcGifwdkif; tHkYrdIif;vsuf&Sdaeayonf/ xdkvxdk&moDwGif at;jrMunfvifvsuf Nidrfoufaeonfh a&jyifudk ½IMunhfvQifvnf; bmom"avhvGefaysmfarGUvsuf avScGufx&H avSeH&HwdkYudk a'gif'ifwD;í ,dk&D;av;wdkufum ydkufuGefrsm; csvsuf aysmf&TifaeMuonhf udkwHig tESDa&vkyfom;BuD;rsm;udkvnf; awGUjrifae Mu&ayonf/ jrwf p G m bk & m;&S i f csD ; rG r f ; awmf r l o nf h w aygif ; v þodkYvQif om,mzG,ftxl;xl; &TifjrL;p&mtzHkzHk MunfEl;zG,f aygif;qHk canmif;onfh waygif;v&moDjzpfavaomaMumihf 0eyÜ*kar®? ,xm zkódwa*¾? *drme rmao? yXrod® H*darS/ wxlyrH "r®0&H? ta'o,d? edAÁme*grd H? y&rH [dwm,/ £'rdÜAka'¨? &weH yPDwH? {awe oapöe? ok0wd¬a[mwk/ aEGOwkav;vwGif tOD;tpjzpfaom waygif;vjynhfausmf

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DHAMMA DEW

18

"r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

tarha<u;ausapzkdY Ak a '¨ g &o-t&S i f £ E´ m p&d , (aAm"d & d y f N id r f a wm&-arS m f b D ) (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) tar½IrSwfaeaom tm½Hkrsm;teuf 0ifavxGufav tm½Hk wpfcu k kd qdMk uygpd/Yk owdtrSwjf zihf 0ifav xGuaf vwdu Yk kd 0ifvQi0f ifrES ;f xGufvQif xGufrSef; ½IrSwfoday;aeyg/ xdo k Ykd odrw S af y;ae&if;u 0ifav? xGuaf v rdrt d wdu k cf &H aom ESmoD;zsm;? odaeaompdwf ,if;oHk;rsKd;wdkY\ obm0trSef oabmw&m; udk odvmygvdrhfrnf tar/ obm0 trSeo f w d ,fqw kd mvnf; cufcufccJ BJ u;D awmh r[kwf ygbl;/ i½kwo f ;D pm;vdpYk yfwm i½kwo f ;D ujywJo h bm0ygyJ/ xef;vsupf m; vdkYcsKdwm/ xef;vsufujywJhobm0ygyJ/ orÇ&moD;pm;vkdYcsOfwm? orÇ&m oD;ujywJh obm0trSefyg/ þuJhodkY olYt&Sdobm0 oabmtrSefudk odwm cHpm;&wmrsKd;wdkYjzpfygonf tar/ olYobm0t&Sdjycsuf ÓPftodMunhfvsufu t&Sdudk t&Sd twdkif; odvdkufjcif;jzpfonf/ olYt&Sdukd udk,fÓPfr&dyfrd? rodygvQif tcsdefawGomukefqHk;NyD; vlomAkef;Akef;vJusrnf/ w&m;qdkwm b,fvdk [mrsKd;BuD;vJ[k xifaevsuf ÓPfrwufjzpfMu&onf/ iSufrodawmh Z&yf*sKd;xif? tcsufrodawmh om;rufolcdk;xif [louJhodkY xifjrifMuvQuf ]]qifqdkwm jcifvdkvm;}} [k vljrifwum ar;aeMuonfhyrm jzpf&wwfavonf/ xdkESmoD;zsm;av; odpdwfwdkYwGifvnf; owdtvkyf pwifvkyf jcif;jzpfaomaMumihf ]tarhom;av; r&yfwwfrD tajy;oifwmrsKd; jzpf& ouJhodkY ESmoD;zsm; obm0bufOD;pm;ay;í ½IrSwfay;ygavtar/ xdktcg avuvnf; wdkufcdkufay;½Hkav;yJ ESmoD;zsm;uvnf; twdkufcH&½Hkav;yJ? odpdwfuvnf; od½Hkav;yJ? olYobm0 olYvrf;ol avQmufaejcif;rsK;d jzpfonf/ xdr?I odr?I oabmtpkrsm;[m olt Y aMumif; olYtusKd;? uvzefxdk;vQuf taMumif;tusKd;jyumaeonf/ xdo k rd ?I odrt I aMumif;? tusK;d pkwo Ykd nf a[mwpfc?k a[mwpfck jzihf oabmjzpfrI? ysufrIrsm; w&dyf&dyf? wrGrG? w&G&G? woJoJ olt&Sd oljyvsufaeonfudk ÓPfrDygav/ &Smaep&mrvdkygacs/ tarrsm;\ rD;jyif;xdk;aom rD;tdk;uif; &J&JBuD;ay: ESif;a& wpfaygufusa&mufonft h cg &Su J eJqkd aysmufysuo f mG ;ovdk (0g) ESi;f a& ayguftusESihf ESif;a&&SJueJ taysmufcGJr&avmufatmif jrefonhfyrm oabmaygufygav tar/ xdkoabmw&m;tpkwdkYonf jzpf&dyfysuf&dyfrsm; csKyfqHk;rQtxd ÓPfoufa&mufoGm;ygvQif tm;udk;avmufaom w&m;jzpf&ayonf/ xdo k Ykd ½ky?f emrfobm0wd\ Yk jzpfysut f qH;k odYk ÓPfqu kd af &muf oGm;ygvQif r*faygufzv kd 0f if edAmÁ efjrifvQuf r*fzv kd t f qifq h ifh tqH;k wdik f jrifíoGm;ygu tarha<u;ay;qyf&usK;d eyfygonf/ tar/ tar\ oHo &m? tarha<u;awGvnf; ausat;vdkY? tarhom;\ tarha<u;vnf; ausat;ygrnf/ xdaYk Mumihrf avsmah omvHv Yk rarhaom owdjzihf 0dyóem yGm;um t&Sdudkt&Sdtwdkif; ÓPfjrifatmifBudK;pm;ygavtar/ tarhom;wpfOD;\ tarhtm; rarhw&m;a[mjcif;wnf;/

tarhom;rsm;onf tar(rdb)udk avmukw&å menf;jzpf o'¨g/ oDv? pm*? ynmjzpfatmif jyefvnfa[majymjyvsuf aus;Zl;qyf&m wGif rdrdtarom; udk,fwdkifusihfBuHyGm;rsm;rI&Sdae&Smayrnf/ rdrdudk,fu rvdrrf mygyJvsuf tar(rdb)wdu Yk kd jyefvnfa[majymaejcif;onf vlru kd f wpfrsKd;omjzpfayvdrfhrnf/ rdrdukd,fwdkif usihfBuHyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfvsuf tarhtm;aus;Zl;qyfjcif;onfom bk&m;pom; t&d,molawmfaumif; BuD;rsm; csD;rGrf;ayrnf/ om"kac:ayvdrhfrnfomwnf;/ rdrdudk,fwkdif rarh? ravsmh? raygYqaom owdw&m;jzihf 0dyóembm0emw&m;rsm;udkusihfBuHyGm;rsm;vsuf&SdNyD; tarhtm;vnf; rarhaomtm;jzihf rarhravsmh raygYqaom owdw&m;jzihf 0dyóem bm0emw&m;rsm;udk usihfBuHyGm;rsm;ygav/ odkYjzpfí tarhtm; rarhw&m;jzihf aus;Zl;a<u;ay;qyfvdkyg vQif rdrdudk,fwkdif rarh(owdy|mef)w&m;udk BudK;BudK;pm;pm;yGm;rsm; tm;xkwMf uyg&ef tarhom;rsm;tm; wdu k w f eG ;f tyfygonf/ a&SUü rdrad rG; xm;aomtarhtm;? avmuDavmukw&å mESpjf zmaomtm;jzihf tarha<u; ausat;ap&eftwGuf vrf;cif;pum; a&;om;cJh&ayNyD/ ,cktarha<u;um; rdrd\ oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk; rod? tarh? t0dZÆmudk vufoHk;jyKcJhavaomaMumihf tarha<u;cE¨m? tarha<u;twdk; tarhta<u;tñGeaYf wG ausat;ap&ef rarhw&m;jzihf tausqyfjcif;rsK;d omjzpfayonf/ owå 0 gonf oH o &mtajccspOf b0uyif rod & mrS pcJh&onf/ wpfzefrodtm;BuD;cJhojzihf arharhBuD; tm½HkcHpm;&mrS pjyef \/ xdkrodarhjzihf b0rsm;pGmteEÅukefvGefcJh&avNyD/ arhjcif;? rodjcif; onft0dZmÆ omwnf;/ cE¨mb0ponfrS tarhrodaMumihf? tarhcE¨mjzpf&í rarh cE¨ma<u;BuD;um; oHo&mtpuwnf;u wifcJhaoma<u;aywnf;/ xdktarhcE¨ma<u;udkray;qyfEkdifonfhtjyif arharhBuD; tm½HkcHpm;&mü tarhBudKufqGJ? tarhtrdkufqGJ? tarhtrkef;qJG[laom xyfqifha<u;rsm; ,ljyefavonf/ xdkxyfqihfa<u;rsm; ,l&ojzihf aemifb0cE¨m Zmwdpaom twd;k rsm;wuf&avonf/ þodjYk zihaf <u;? xyfqihaf <u;? twd;k tñTerYf sm; wufae&aomf tb,frSm a<u;ausygvdrfhrnfenf;/ þta<u;tm;vHk;wdkYonf arhrod&mrSpaom a<u;rsm;om wnf;/ twdwb f 0u tarha<u;aMumihf ypöKyeÜ b f 0ü cE¨mjzihf ay;qyf ae&onf/ ypöKyÜefb0wGif wpfzeftarha<u;,ljyefí tem*gwftarh cE¨ma<u; ay;&OD;rnf/ þodjYk zihf twdw?f ypöKyeÜ ?f tem*gwfwüYkd a<u;um; r&yf o nf h t jyif txyf x yf w if a eaomaMumih f a<u;ruif ; aom oifonf tb,frSm csrf;omvdrhfrnfenf;/ tarha<u;rsm;onf ÓPfEiS fh rqyfEidk o f rQ rausat;Ekid yf gacs/ cE¨mtwd;k om ay;ae&avonf/ cE¨mjzihf tNraJ y;qyfae&onf/ cE¨mESifh ay;qyfaomf cE¨mtarha<u; rausat;ygav/ ÓPfEiS afh y;qyfygrS cE¨m


DHAMMA DEW "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg;vlom;tm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ udk,f tarha<u;ausat;&m\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf aZw0efausmif;awmfü oDwif;oHk;ae awmfrlaepOf rsm;pGmaom &[ef;awmfwdkY bk&m;&Sifudk tzl;tajrmfvmMu onf&Sdaomf vrf;tMum;wpfckaom &Gmudk qGrf;cH0if<uawmfrlMu\/ rD;oD;uGif;pGyfusD; &GmxJwiG f qGr;f cHNy;D vQif Z&yfwpfcük oDwif;oH;k aeMupOf xrif; csufaom rdef;r\ tdk;rD;vQHonf trdk;tumrsm; avmifav\/ jrufyHk tm;rD;avmifum rD;t&Sdefjzihf aumif;uifodkY vGihfwufoGm;csdefwGif usD;wpfaumifonf ysHvmcdkuf rD;jrufacGodkY pGyfrdvsuf aoav\/ &[ef;wdkYonf xdktjcif;t&mudkjrifí xdkusD;\ jyKtyfaom uHudk jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; ar;avQmufMuukeftHh[k BuHpnfvmMuukef\/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf ) pmrsuf E S m 17 rS csufjcif;onf a&S;tpOftvmwpf&yfjzpfonf/ ]]xef;vsif,dkp? jrpfrMunf;ae? urf;ajc&pfqif? jzLpifoJxuf? NrdKUaemufzuf0,f? aus;iSufwGefaomif;? aysmfESpfaxmif;onf? waygif;vrsm;ocifaom0f...}} (rif ; e0a';) ]]aEGOD;umv? jrLxaomtcg? Ekrspfi,fxef;OD;a&? r,m;i,faqG? xef;&nfodrf;qnf;? odkYESifha&mufu? cPaqmvsif? wHpdkYxufESifh? xef;vsufzdkrSmwif...}} (0ef B uD ; ya'o&mZm) oJ y H k a pwD y G J a wmf p wif u sif ; yonh f a cwf oJyakH pwDyaJG wmfum; ax&0g'Ak'b ¨ momrS qif;oufvmonhf jrefrmh,Ofaus;rIyGJawmfwpf&yfjzpfonf/ jrefrmEdkifiHwGif ax&0g'Ak'¨ omoemawmf pwifvmonht f csed u f pcJah om yGaJ wmf[v k nf; qdEk ikd af yonf/ ]]vSn;f 0if½;kd oH wnHnH yk*b H &k m;aygif;}} [laom aqmify'k Ef iS fh tnD yk*aH cwfwiG f tajrmuftjrm;wnfxm;ud;k uG,cf MhJ uonhf apwDyx k ;kd rsm;udk ,ckwdkif zl;ajrmfEdkifMu&qJjzpfonf/ oJyHkapwDyGJawmfonf yk*H acwfrwdkifrDavmufupí jzpfay:vmonf[k qdkEdkifayonf/ taemf&xmrif;apm[k ac:Muonfh tEk½k'¨a'0rif;onf yk*H NrKd UteD;&Sd {&m0wDjrpfurf;oJcakH y:wGif pG,af wmfjrwfukd Xmyemí apwD BuD;wpfql wnfxm;cJhonf/ oJpnf;cHkay:wGif wnfojzihf ]]a&Tpnf;cHk}} [k bJGYawmfowfrSwfcJhonf/ ]]ig;wefig;Muif;? a&Twoif;wdkY? jrpfwGif;jrL;aysmf? Zifa,mfjrpfawG;? cspfoHav;ESihf? a&aus;a&iSuf? puú0uf [oFm? iSufwumvnf;? bmomMuL;ausmf? jrL;aysmfMuwHk? aiGaomifcHk0,f? oJyHkapwD? yGJawmfNyDwnf;...}} (&S i f r [moD v 0H o ) oJ y H k a pwD y G J a wmf u sif ; yMuyH k waygif;vodkYa&mufvmNyDqdkygvQif jrefrmEdkifiH\ jrpfrsm;? acsmif;rsm;wGif a&ppfum oJcHkpnf;cHkaomifcHkjzLjzLazG;azG;rsm;onf jrpf0Srf;acsmif;urf;wpfavQmuf xdkrSþrS ay:xGef;avh&Sdonf/ xdk&moD wGif v,fxGuf,mxGufoD;ESHrsm; vdIifvdIifa&mif;cscsdefjzpfí awmifol v,form;wdkY aiGp&Tifonhf&moDvnf;jzpfonf/ v,f,mvkyfief;rsm; NyD;pD;ítem;,lMucsdefvnf;jzpfonf/ þuJhodkY taMumif;nDñGwfaomtcsdefjzpfí a&S;jrefrmbk&if rsm;onf xdkwaygif;vwGif oJyHkapwDyGJawmfudk &moDyGJtjzpf owfrSwf Ny;D ? a&Teef;awmfBu;D rSonf aus;vufawm&Gmi,frsm;txd wjynfv;kH tESYH

19

NcdrfhNcdrfhoJqifETJusif;ycJhMuonf/ xdt k csed w f iG f rif;rdz&k m;ESpyf g;wdo Yk nf rif;nDrif;om;rSL;rwfAv kd f ygNc&H v H suf aomifjyifox Ykd u G pf MH uum oJyakH pwDrsm;wnfí ylaZmfrv l suf yGJobifcHum qif,ifusif;yMuonf/ oJ y H k a pwD w nf x m;MuyH k p epf xdkpOfu bk&ifrif;rsm;ESifhwuG awmifolv,form;BuD;rsm; wnfavh&SdMuaom oJyHkapwDawmfrsm;rSm? tkwft*Fawo½dk;wdkYjzihf rjyK vkyEf ikd Mf uao;í? 0g;uyfjzih&f ufvyk af om ½dik yf wfwu Ykd q kd ihí f oJxnhu f m wnfaqmufavh&SdMuonf/ ,if;½dkifywfrsm;udk bHktqihfig;qihfjyKí wnfMuonf/ þodkY jyKvkyfMujcif;rSm jrif;rdk&fawmifrS tmvdefig;qihf&SdyHkudk &nfíjyKvkyfMu jcif;jzpfonf/ ¤if; tmvdeif g;qih½f ikd yf wfrsm;twGi;f od?Yk oefpY ifxm;aom oJrsm;udk tjynhfodyfxnhfMu&onf/ xdkYaemuf ¤if;apwD\xdyfxufü &[ef;aqmif;xD;wpfvufudk pdkufxlum? tmvdefbHktqihfwdkYwGif wHcGef? ukuúm;? rkav;yGm;ponhf ylZed,0w¬Kypönf;rsdK;pHkwdkYESihf ylaZmfí? tvSLt wef;tauR;tarG;yGJrsm;jzihf oJyHkapwDylaZmfyGJawmfudk qif,ifusif;yMu avonf/ oJ y H k a pwD r S w qih f t k w f ½ d k ; apwD r sm;wnf M uyH k ¤if;aemuf ESpu f mvy&dapä'Mumvmonht f cg? xdo k yJ akH pwDukd iHí k tkw½f ;kd apwDBu;D tjzpf tcdik t f rmqufvufwnfxm;ud;k uG,yf al Zmf Muavonf/ oJyHkapwDwnfxm;udk;uG,fjcif;tpum;? a&S;vGefavNyD;aom urÇmwpfodef;xufu a'0vrnfaom &aohBuD;wpfyg;pwifwnfxm; ylaZmfcJh&mrS pwifcJhonf[k ty'gefygVdawmfykvdEkyÜg'u rax&fty'gef ESifh ykvdexlyd,raxty'gefwdkYwGif azmfjyyg&Sdonfudk awGU&Sd&onf/ jrefrmbk&ifrsm;r&SMd uawmhonhaf emufyikd ;f wGif oJyakH pwDyaJG wmf usif;yjcif;rsm; wpwpjzihf aysmufuG,fcJhMuaomfvnf; waygif;v Ak'¨ ylZed,bk&m;yGaJ wmfrsm;udrk l ,aeYxufwidk f jrefrmEdik if t H ESYH awma&mNrKd Uyg qif,ifusif;yaeMuqJjzpfavonf/ ]]waygif;aomfum;? qHawmf'*Hk? wufMuwHk\? ynf;yHkrsm;jzif? obifEpS af Mumif;? avSaygif;vSn;f u? wkyqif,if? rjrifpzl;? wihv f eG u f sL; rQ? pHkzl;ruGm? odkYaomcgonf..}} (e0a';BuD ; qd k & wk r S ) waygif;v Ak'¨ylZed,yGJawmfrsm;udk Ak'¨bmom0ifwdkYu twdk aumufjzihf ]]waygif;yGaJ wmf}} [k ac:qdMk uonf/ ,if;waygif;yGaJ wmfrsm; onf a&S;uqif,ifusif;ycJhMuaom waygif;v oJyHkapwDyGJawmfrsm;rS qif;oufvmcJhyHk&onf/ ,if;waygif;yGaJ wmfrsm;wGif &efuek Nf rKd U a&Tw*d q kH aH wmf&iS af pwD awmfjrwfBuD;\ Ak'¨ylZed,yGJawmfrSm txift&Sm;qHk;ESihf tpnfum;qHk; yGJawmfBuD;jzpfonf/ c&pfESpf 1882 ckESpfu a&T½dk;uavmiftrnfcH Sir Scott a&;om;xkwa f 0cJah om The Burman pmtkyw f iG f a&Tw*d akH pwD awmfBu;D yGaJ wmfEiS pfh yfvsO;f í atmufygtwkid ;f rSww f rf;jyKa&;om;azmfjy cJah vonf/ ]]jrefrmEdik if w H iG f tm;vH;k aombk&m;yGaJ wmfrsm;teuf a&Tw*d kH bk&m;yGJawmfonf tBuD;us,fqHk;? tpnfum;qHk;jzpfonf/ te,fe,f t&yf&yfrS bk&m;zl;rsm;jzihf jynhfMuyfpnfum;vSonf/ jrefrmEdkifiH&Sd ta0;qHk;t&yfa'orsm;? &Srf;ukef;jyifjrihft&yfa'orsm;rS omru? yifv,f&yfjcm;wkdif;EdkifiHrsm;jzpfonhf ,dk;',m; (xdkif;)? uarÁm'D;,m;? ud&k ;D ,m; ponhEf ikd if rH sm;rSvnf; bk&m;zl;{nho f nfrsm; rsm;pGmvma&muf oDwmOD; (jrefrmpm) Muonf/}}


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI

20

"r®0D&onf tarGaumif;ay;Edkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

rHk&GmNrdK hr[mv,fwDwdkuf? u

aus;Zl;&Sif v,fwDq

a&;om;jyKpka

aAm"dyu

THE BODHIPAK O THE MANUAL OF THE FACTORS by Maha-thera Ledi- Saya-daw,

TRANSLATED into English by U Sein Nyo (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) oDvukodkvf 2 yg; 0D&d,av;csufudk jyqdkaytHh? OyÜEé tukodkvfa[mif;awGudk tukeyf ,fr[ I o l nfum; bk&m;omoemü BuKH BuKd uq f t J cgüomjzpfay: aom trIaywnf;/ aemufb0tqufqufjzpfvwåHUaom tEkyÜEé tukov kd o f pfawGukd rjzpfvm&atmifjyKr[ I o l nfvnf; bk&m;omoem ESihf BuHKBudKufqJtcgüomjzpfay:aom trIaywnf;/ terw*¾oHo&m yif Mumanmif;aomfvnf; bk&m;omoemESirhf BuKH BuKd uyf gu xdt k ukov kd f ES p f b d k Y w d k Y u d k y,f a zsmuf a yguf r &S d ? tb,f h a Mumif h e nf ; [k q d k a omf tuk o d k v f ES p f b d k Y w d k Y u d k y,f o wf r I q d k o nf u m; ouú m ,'d | d \ tEko,bHkBuD;ç tEk o, todkufttHkBuD;ç tEko,EdkifiHBuD;udk tukeftpifNzdKzsufrIudk qdk ownf;/ 'd|dtEko,todkufttHkBuD;udk NzdKzsufrIonfvnf; tewå bm0emtvkyfaywnf;/ tewåbm0emtvkyfrnfonfvnf; bk&m; omoemay:&Sdcdkuftcgü ay:&Sd\/ yapöuAk'¨gtavmif;tvsmwdkYonf vnf; bk&m;omoemBuHKBudKufqJtcgü tewåbm0emrsdK;aphudk ,lMu& ukef\/ ]]bk&m;omoem r&Sdcdkuftcgü tewå[laom toHrQyif avmu ü r&SdMu?}} tewåtoHqdkonfum; ½kyfç emrfç cE¨mç tm,weç "mwfç y#dpöorkyÜg'ftoHwdkYudk qdkownf;/ tbd"r®myd#uwfonf tewåoHay wnf;/ oN*ØK[fwusrf;vHk;onf tewåoHaywnf;/ tewåbm0emtvkyfqdkonfum;- oDv0dok'¨dudk a&S;OD;pGm jynhfpHkapí um,*wmowdudk wnfaxmifNyD;vQif tpdk;r&aom rdrd pdwf½l;ç pdwfaemufudk aysmufNidrf;atmifjyKNyD;rS oxrtvkyfç 0dyóem tvkyw f u Ykd kd tm;xkwjf cif;wnf;/ xdo k t Ykd m;xkwí f tewåbm0em aumif; pGm xajrmufojzihf 'd|dtEko,bHkBuD; tukefysufpD;aomtcgrS OyÜEéç tEkyEÜ jé zpfaom cyford ;f aom rdpmä 'd|çd cyford ;f aom'kp½du k t f rdu k t f rSm; wdkYonf tukefcsKyfNidrf;ukef\/ rdrdoEÅmefü rjzpfbl;ao;aom ukodkvfw&m;udkjzpfapjcif;iSm tm;xkwfrIç jzpfbl;NyD;aom ukodkvfw&m;udk ed,mrtjzpfodkY a&muf atmif yG m ;rsm;tm;xk w f r I q d k o nf v nf ; xd k u m,*wmowd u d k

I shall now show the four points vi riya (effort). The opportunity of ridding oneself completely of old uppanna akusala kammas arises only when one encounters a Buddha Sa-msara. The opportunity of preventing the appearance of new akusala kammas in the series of existences that are to follow, is also one that can arise only when one encounters a Buddha Sa-msara. Even though one's Sa-msara be infinitely long, if one does not encounter a Buddha Sa-msara, no opportunity of ridding oneself of these two classes of akusala kammas can arise. This is because the business of ridding oneself of these two akusala kammas is identical with the business of destroying the anusaya plane of sakka-ya-dit.t.hi. And, the destruction of the anusaya plane of dit.t.hi is the work of anatta-bha-vana-, which appears only when a Buddha Sa-msa ra appears. Those beings who are destined to be Pacceka-Buddhas (Solitary Buddhas) had acquired first the seeds of anatta bhavana during their encounter with a Buddha Sa-msa ra. When there is no Buddha Sa-msara in the world, even the mere sound of anatta is not heard. And, by "the sound of anatta" is meant the sound of ru-pa, na-ma, khandha, a-yatana, dha-tu, and pat.iccasamuppa-da. The whole of the Abhidhamma Pit.aka is replete with the sound of anatta. So is the whole of Abhidhammattha. sangaha. The work of anatta bha-vana- consists, first, of fulfilling s 1 la-visuddhi, then of setting up ka-yagata--sati, and after tranquilising and controlling one's madly tempestuous and unstable mind, of putting forth effort in the work of samatha and vipassana. It is only when the plane of dit.t.hi anusaya is destroyed through such effort, that all the uppanna and anuppanna miccha--dit.t.hi and the duccaritas disappear. The effort to cause the appearance in oen's personality of kusala kammas which have not appeared before, and the effort to fix in one's personality the kusala kammas that have already appeared, consist of attempting the successful completion of anatta bha-vana- after the establishment of ka-yagata--sati.


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI "r®0D&onf avmuom;tm;vkH;\ ta&;t&mjzpfonf/

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KKHIYA DIPANI R S LEADING TO ENLIGHTENMENT y Aggamaha-pan.d.ita, D. Litt.

o Tun, Late of The Indian Civil Service. wnfaxmifrrI pS í tewåbm0emudpö xajrmufatmif tm;xkwrf u I ykd if qdkownf;/ oDvü terw*¾oHo&mrSm ykxkZOfwdkY\oEÅmefwGif w&H w qpf r Q rjzpf c J h b l ; ao; aom tEk y Ü E é o D v qd k o nf u m;aomwmywådr*fü tusHK;0ifaom edAÁmef vQif tm½Hk&Sdaom or®m0gpmç or®mur®EÅç or®mtmZD0udk qdkownf;/ xdkoDvonf um,'kp½dkufç 0pD ' k p ½d k u f t rd k u f t rS m ; rd p ä m ZD 0 w&m;wd k Y u d k ork a pä ' y[mef j zih f y,f o wf E k d i f \ / xd k y k * ¾ d K vf o EÅ m ef r S m xd k t cgrS í b0 rsm;pG m urÇmtqufqufwdkYü um,'kp½dkufç 0pD'kp½dkuftrdkuftrSm; rdpäm ZD0w&m;[lí w&HwqpfrQOyg'fjcif;r&SdNyD/ xdak vmukw&å moDvudk tewåbm0emudpö xajrmufrS ayguf a&mufEdkif\/ bk&m;omoemESihf BuHKBudKufqJtcg terw*¾oHo&mü w&HwcgrQ rawGUBuKH b;l &aom xdt k EkyEÜ o é v D udk bk&m;omoemESifh ruGJ ruGmrD t&trd BudK;ukwftm;xkwfMu&rnf/ oDv0dok'¨dESihfwuG um, *wm owdy|mefukd wnfaxmifonfrpS í tewåbm0emudpö xajrmuf onfwkdifatmif aAm"dyu©d,w&m;wdkYudk tm;xkwfMu&rnfqdkvdkonf/ terw*¾oo H &mü jzpfcb hJ ;l vSaom OyÜEo é v D qdo k nfum; avmuDov D umrm0p&oDvwnf;/ xdkoDvudk ed,mrtjzpfodkYa&mufatmif yGm;rsm; &rnf[l&mü avmuDoDv\bHkonf ed,mrbHkç ted,mrbHk[lí 2-yg; tjym;&S\ d / t&d,m\tjzpfonf ed,mrbHrk nf\/ ykxZk Of\tjzpfonf ted,mrbHkrnf\/ aomwmyeft&d,mwdkYüwnfaom xdkumr0p&avmuDoDv onf ed,mrbHkodkYa&mufí tNrJwnf\/ xdkyk*¾dKvfwdkYtm; tqHk;pGef y&d edAmÁ efpo H nfwikd af tmif b0tqufquf urÇmtqufqufwüYkd tdyrf uf wGifrS tmZD0|ruoDvudk vGefusL;rI[lí r&SdavNyD/ ykxkZOfwdkYüwnf aom xdkumrm0p&avmuDoDvrlonfum; ted,mrbHküwnf\/ terw*¾oo H &mü vlov D 0EÅjzpfcMhJ uonfvnf; b0aygif;teEÅrsm;vS avNyD/ tyg,fav;yg;odkYusrIvnf; pJcJhonfr&SdMu? xdkYtwl &aohoDv 0EÅç &[ef;oDv0EÅjzpfcJhMuonfvnf; b0teEÅ &SdcJhMuavNyD/ tyg,f av;yg;odkY usrIvnf; pJcJhonfr&SdMu? ,ckvnf; tyg,fbHkodkY us&muf

Uppanna and Anuppana Si-la Anuppana s 1 la, which has never occurred to puthujjanas in the past infinite samsa-ra, consists of samma-vaca, samma-kammanta, and samma--a-j1va, which are comprised in Sotapatti-magga and which have Nibba-na as their object. This s1la destroys the evil acts manifesting themselves in action, speech and wrong modes of earning a living. From the moment that this destruction takes place, the evils appearing in the form of actions, speech and modes of living, do not appear again even for an instant throughout the succession of many lives and many world-cycles that follow. This class of lokuttara s1-la is achieved only when anatta bha-vana- is successfully practised. Beings must attempt to achieve this anuppana-s-i la while yet within a Buddha Sa-sana. It is meant by this that from the moment of setting up s1la visuddhi (together with kaya-gata--sati) up to the successful completion of anatta bha-vana-, beings must attempt (without relaxation) to practise the thirty-seven bodhipakkhiya dhammas. Uppanna s1la, which has often occurred in past infinite samsa-ra, means lokiya s1-la or ka-ma-vaccara sila. When it is said that attempt must be made to attain the state of fixation of that si la, it must be understood that there are two planes of lokiya si la, viz, niya-ma and aniya-ma. The state of an ariya is that of the niyama plane, while the state of a puthujjana is that of the aniyama plane. The ka-ma-vacara lokiya si la attains the niya-ma plane in the personalities of Sotapannas. Ariyas who are Sota-pannas do not transgress the Ajivatthamaka sila even in their dreams throughout the series of lives and world-cycles that follow until the final attainment of parinibba-na. In the case of puthujjanas, however, the ka-ma-vacara lokiya si la is still in the aniya-ma plane. These persons have been virtuous and moral lay individuals on an infinite number of occasions in the past. They have also suffered in the apaya lokas countless number of times. They have been Isis and Bhikkhus on other infinite number of occations. In all their past existences,


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI

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"r®0D&onf oEdÅokcodkY a&S;½Ijy|mef;onf/

aeMuol teEÅ? usvwåHYaomtbdkYü wnfíaeMuol vlç ewfç jA[®m teEÅ? þodkY rdrdwdkYoEÅmefwGif ted,mrwcP w'*Fweyfpmtjzpfjzifh &S d a eaom xd k u mrm0p&avmuD o D v ud k bk & m;omoemtwG i f ; ü BuKH BuKd uq f t J cgrSm ed,mrtjzpfoaYkd &mufavatmif tm;xkwMf u&rnf/ (um,*wmowdudk wnfaxmifí tewåbm0emudpöxajrmufonf wkdifatmif aAm"dyu©d,w&m;wdkYudk tm;xkwfMu&rnf[lvdk/) oD v uk o d k v f E S p f y g; NyD ; \/ orm"d u k o d k v f 2-yg; orm"dbHkonfvnf; ed,mrbHkç ted,mrbHk[lí 2-yg;&Sd\/ ynmbHkonfvnf; ed,mrbHkç ted,mrbHk[lí 2- yg;&Sd\/ ormywf &Spyf g;ç ud;k yg;wnf;[laom tyÜemorm"donfum; tem*grfy*k Kd¾ vt f jzpf odkY a&mufrS ted,mrbHkodkYa&muf\/ wm'd*kPfudk aqmif&GufEdkifaom ynmonfum; &[EÅmtjzpfodkYa&mufrS ed,mrbHkodkYa&muf\/ aomwm yefyk*¾dKvfü &xdkufaomorm"dç ynmwdkYudk jyqdkaytHh/ ]]a,m p 0domc or®m0g,marm ,mp or®mowd a,m p or®morm"d? £ar "r®m orm"du©aE¨ o*F[dwm/}} 0domc? cspo f m;0domc/ a,m p or®m0g,marm? tMuifor®m 0g,mronfvnf;aumif;? ,m p or®mowd? tMuif or®mowdonf vnf;aumif;? a,m p or®morm"d? tMuif or®morm"donf vnf; aumif;? a,m p or®morm"d? tMuif or®morm"donfvnf;aumif;? tw¬?d &S\ d / £ar "r®m? or®m0g,mrç or®mowdç or®morm"d w&m;oH;k yg; wdkYudk/ or"du©aE¨? orm"du©E¨ (orm"dtpk) ü/ o*F[dwm? aygif;,ltyf ukef\/ [laom r[ma0'v’ow k Ef iS t fh nD aomwmyefyw¬rd *fü tusKH ; 0ifaom edAÁmefvQif tm½Hk&Sdaom or®m0g,mrç or®mowdç or®morm"dþ 3-yg;onf avmukwå&morm"drnf\/ xdkorm"d 3-yg;onf rdpäm0g ,mrç rdpämowdç rdpämorm"dvQif t&if;&Sdaom tbdZÑmç Asmyg'[laom raem'kp½kduftrdkuftrSm;wdkYudk orkapä'y[mefjzihf aemufwzef jzpfcGifh r&Sdatmif y,fowfEdkif\/ xdkyk*¾dKvfoEÅmefrSm xdkcPrSpí b0rsm;pGm urÇmtqufqufwüYkd tbdZÑmç Asmyg'[laom raem'kp½du k f trdu k t f rSm; [lí w&HwpfqpfrQ Oyg'fjcif;r&SdavNyD/ tewåbm0emay:&Sd&m bk&m; omoemwGi;f üom ay:&Sad omorm"daywnf;/ xdaYk Mumihf bk&m;omoem BuHKBudKufqJtcg xdktEkyÜEéorm"d ukodkvfw&m;udk bk&m;omoemESihf ruGmruGJrD t&trdBudK;ukwftm;xkwfMu&rnf/ (um,*wmowdy|mef wnfaxmifrrI pS íç tewåbm0emudpö xajrmufonfwdkifatmif owdy|mefpaom aAm"dyu©d,w&m;wkdYudk tm;xkwfMu&rnf[lvdk/) terw*¾oHo&mü jzpfcJhbl;vSaom OyÜEéorm"dqdkonfum; umrm0&orm"dç ½lyg0p&orm"dç t½lyg0p&orm"dpak ywnf;/ xdo k rm"d w&m;wdkYudk ed,mrtjzpfodkYa&mufatmif yGm;rsm;&rnf[l&mü avmuD orm"dbHkonf ed,mrbHkç ted,mrbHk[lí 2-yg;&Sd\/ t&d,myk*¾dKvfwdkY üwnfaom avmuDor®m0g,mrç or®mowdç or®morm"d 3- yg;onf ed,mrbHküwnf\/ xdkyk*¾dKvftm; tqHk;pGef y&dedAÁmefpHonhfwdkifatmif b0tqufquf urÇmtqufqufwdkYü tdyfrufwGifrQ tbdZÑmç Asmyg' wdkY\ Oyg'f[lí r&SdavNyD/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf/)

however they have never been free from the danger of liability to rebirth in the apuya lokas. Even now the number of beings in the apa-ya lokas is infinite and the number of humans, deva-s and brahma-s, on the brink of being born in the apa-ya lokas is infinite. Hence, beings possessing ka-ma-vacara lokiya si-la which is still aniya-ma, and which, so to say, resides in them for a temporary moment, should attempt, while there is yet opportunity within a Buddha Sa-sana, to transform it into niya-ma. They should set up ka-yagata--sati, and haveing done so, should practise the bodhipakkhiya dhammas until the function of anatta bha-vana- is successfully completeled. This completes the two s1-la kusala kammas. Uppanna and Anuppanna Sama-dhi Sama-dhi also has two planes, viz., niya-ma and aniyama. Similarly, there are two planes of pañña-. viz., niya-ma and aniya-ma. Appana- sama-dhi, which is indentical with the eight or nine sama-pattis as the case may be, becomes niya-ma only when one attains the Ana-ga-mi stage. The pañña- that carries the ta-di quality becomes niyama only at the stage of an Arahant. I shall now show the sama-dhi and pañña- that Sotapannas achieve. In accordance with the discourse in the Maha- VedallaSutta, wherein it is said–– "Yo ca, Visa-kha, samma--va-ya-mo, ya- ca samma-sati, yo ca samma -sama-dhi, ime dhamma sama-dhikkhandhe sangahita-." Samma- -va-ya-ma (Right Effort), Samma--sati (Right Mindfulness) and Samma--sama-dhi (Right Concentration), which are comprised within sota-patti magga (Path of a Stream-winner) having Nibba-na as object, are called lokuttara sama-dhi (Supramundane Concentration). These three samadhis can extinguish, once and for all, that is, by samuccheda paha-na, the mental evils of abhijjha- (covetousness) and bya-pa-da (illwill), which have miccha--va-ya-ma (Wrong -Effort), miccha--sati (Wrong Mindfulness), and miccha-sama-dhi (Wrong Concentration), as their roots, Form the instant they are extinguished, the mental evils of abhijjha- and bya-pa-da do not arise again throughtout the many lives and world-cycles that may follow. It is the kind of sama-dhi that can be achieved only within a Buddha Sa-sana, when only appears anatta bhavana-. Hence, now that they have encountered a Buddha Sa-sana, beings should endeavour to achieve anuppanna sama-dhi without fail, before they become severed from the Sa-sana. This means that, beginning with ka-yagata--sati, they should practise the bodhipakkhiya-dhammas until they attain the successful culmination of anatta bha-vana-. Upanna sama-dhi, which has occurred countless number of times in infinite past sam.sa-ra, consists of ka-ma-vacara samadhi, ru-pa-vacara sama-dhi and aru-pavacara sama-dhi. When it is said that attempt must be made to make uppanna-sama-dhi niyama-, it must be understood that there are two planes in lokiya sama-dhi, viz., niya-ma- and aniya-ma-. The lokiya samma--va-ya-ma, samma--sati and samma--sama-dhi, with which Ariyas are endowed, are established in the niya-ma- plane. The duccaritas such as abhijjha- and bya-pa-da do not arise in them even in dreams throughout the succession of lives and world-cycles that follow until the final attainment of parinibba-na. (To Be Continue)


TALKS ABOUT THE DHAMMA "r®0D&onf Ak'¨\"r®w&m;awmf tppftrSefxGef;um;jyefhyGm;&efjzpfonf/

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omoemawmfBu;D \ a&aomufjrpfo;kH oG,f (omoemtyd k i f ; ) (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) Ad k v f w d k Y r S w f w rf ; Nrd K Uawmf 0 if Z mwf v rf ; xdk r*¾if,mOf&xm;BuD;ay:odkY Adv k .f ...£a`Ep´ onf ÓPfo;kH vufuikd t f m;vH;k pD;eif;vdu k f ygMuvsufu.... awGUorQtwm;rsm;udkvnf; owfjzwfokwfoifMu\/ &ifqikd rf o d rQ udavomponfrsm;udv k nf; xd;k ckwEf rdS ef if;Mu\/ a'guftuefYoHk;ckyg bD;wyfr*¾if,mOf&xm;BuD;um; ½kyfemrf jzpfysuf vrf;rawmfBuD;\txufodkY wufvsufu ÓPfpOfpcef;rsm;twdik ;f wvdrv hf rd hf xd;kf 0ifvmawmhum t&Sed f jyif;pGmjzihf NrdKUawmfodkY OD;wnfoGm;aeyg\/ AdkvfwdkYonfum; NrdKUawmfwHcg;aygufodkY a&mufonfESihf&efol udkajc&mazsmuf NrdKUwGif;odkY awmufavQmuf0ifoGm;Muacs&m.... &efow l o Ykd nfum;...toihaf pmihaf eMuaom NrKd Uapmihw f yfukd aMumufvGefvGef;&um; NrdKUwGif;odkYtxd csOf;eif;0ifa&mufjcif;iSm rwwfEkdif&SmavNyD/ þum; odum© oH;k qihw f Ykd tvkyv f yk yf rkH sm;udk ,mOf&xm;Oyrm jzihf EdIif;,SOfjyjcif;wnf;/ ur® | mef ; pum; r*¾ i f p um; xd k E S p f y g; þodv Yk Qif odum© r*¾iw f u Ykd raumif;rI? 'kp½du k yf ,fowfyrkH sm;udk OyrmESpfck xyf,SOf[yfí jy&mü.... u/ yxrOyrmonf ur®|mef;[laompum;t& trIppfaq;jcif;? tjypfay;jcif;jzihf vrf;qHk;odkY a&muf&yHkudk &nfñTef;\/ c/ 'kw, d Oyrmum; r*¾i[ f al om pum;t& r*f\tajccH tpdwf tydkif;rsm;jzpfMuavaom odu©mtqihfqifh jznhfusihfoGm;jcif;jzihf ,mOf&xm;pD; edAÁmefa&TNrdKUawmfBuD;0if&yHkrsm;udk &nfñTef;\/ odkYaMumihf.... yxrOyrmonf odum© wd\ Yk tvkyv f yk yf rkH sm;udk xif&mS ;apcJNh y/D 'kw, d Oyrmonf odum© wd\ Yk ÓPfpcef;wufyrkH sm;udk xif&mS ; apcJhNyD/ txufygwdkYudk aocsmaphik avhvmjcif;trIjyKNyD;vQif 'kp½dkuf rIrS okp½dkufrIodkY ajymif;vJvdkolonf ,if;odu©moHk;yg;tm;udk;tm;xm; jzihfom... 0dyóemÓPftqihq f ifh &ihjf cif;? yGijfh cif;odYk a&mufapMuukef &m\/ r*fzv kd Ó f Pftqihq f ihf &ifjh cif;? yGijfh cif;odaYk &mufapukeMf u&m\/ raumif;rItm;vHk;wdkYrSvnf; wpfpwpfp uRwfívGwfMuap

ukef&m\/ þum; oAÁygyó tum&PHt& tukokdvf'kp½dkufw&m; r*¾ifrsm;jzihf z,f&Sm;yHktydkif;wnf;/ ES r f ; wpf v H k ; rS ,mwpf u G u f o d k Y ]]aumif ; rI q d k v Qif tuk e f y if pH k v if j ynh f 0 ae&rnf } } ukovót&.... ukodkvfqdkonfrSm 'kp½dkufw&m;q,fyg;wdkYrS MuOfa&Smifaom 0d&wdoDvudkyifqdk\/ 'kp½dkufrIrsm;jzpfMuavaom..... rdrdaumif;pm;a&;twGuf olwpfxl; pdwfqif;&J udk,fqif;&JrI wdkYudkjzpfapjcif;/ rdrt d usK;d twGuf olwpfx;l tusK;d vnf;enf; b0vnf;ysupf ;D apjcif;/ xdkodkYaom tjcif;t&mrsm;udk jzpfapwwfonfh olYtowfoufjcif;? olYOpöm,ljcif;? umr"m;jywdkuf,ljcif;? vdrv f nfvn S yfh wfjcif;? rl;,pfaq;oH;k í rodusK;d uRjH yKjcif;wdjYk zihf touf arG;0rf;ausmif;rIjyKjcif;? OmOfp½dkuftBudKufvdkufjcif;rsm;udk a&SmifMuOfrI rSeforQ ]okp&dw} qdk&m\/ odkYr[kwf aumif;a&mif;aumif;0,fjzihf toufarG;0rf;ausmif;jyKjcif;onfyif aumif;rIwnf;/ wpfzefvnf;.... ukovót& ukov kd q f o kd nfrmS tjypfr&Sjd cif;? aumif;aom tusKd;udkvnf; ay;jcif;[lí pnf;urf;csuf owfrSwfxm;acs&m 1/ 'ge 'ge- olwpfx;l aumif;pm;a&; ay;urf;axmufyahH y;jcif; 2/ oDv-olwpfxl;csrf;oma&; rdrd&Sd 'kp½dkufuHoHk;pHk tukef apmihfpnf; ay;xm;jcif;/ 3/ bm0em bm0em- tm½Hkig;yg; vrf;vTJay;xm;aomtm;jzihf &wem oHk;pHk tjrwf*kPfwdkY0,f rdrdpdwf tm½HkjyKapjcif;/ 4/ typm,e typm,e- tusihfjrwf&Sdolü csOf;uyfí ¤if;ESihftusihfwl tjrifwl jzpf&ef pdwfcsif;ul;,laejcif;/ 5/ a0,sm0p a0,sm0pö- olwpfyg;\ aumif;rIrSDí rdrdü aumif;rIwnf&ef BudK;pm;jcif;/ 6/ ywdå'ge ge- rdrd&Sdjrwfaomaumif;rIudk jzefYydkYvsufu wpfzuf om;\ raumif;rIrsm;udk [efYwm;ay;vdkufjcif;/ 7/ yw¬ m Ek a rm'em rm'em- wpfzufom;u tjrwfpm; aumif;rIrsm; jzefu Y suf ay;ydkYaeonfudk rdrduvnf; wHkYvSnhfwpfzefcH,lNyD; rdrd&Sd aumif;rIrsm;udk tiftm;wdk;yGm;apjcif;/


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"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

8/ "r® o 0e 0e- raumif;&ma&Smifenf;? aumif;&maqmifenf; pdwf jzLpifpGm xm;enf;rsm;udk olawmfaumif;xHenf;cHapjcif;/ 9/ "r®a'oem 'oem- rdrdenf;cH wwfajrmufNyD;rsm;udk rwwfajrmufao;ol taqGcifyGef;rsm;tm; xyfqihfenf;ay;jcif;/ 10/ 'd|KZkur®r- tMunhfrSm;? tjrifrSm;? trSwfrSm;rsm;udk yvyfí t,l rSefodkY uyf&ef tm;,lvdkufjcif;/ þq,fyg;aom ]ukovur®yxaumif;rIuH ajrmufaponhf} jyKusihfrIrsm;onfvnf; aumif;rIyif qdk&acs\/ ,if;q,fyg;udk ]yknu&d, 0w¬Kq,fyg;? aumif;rIjyKjcif;\ ud&d,mwefqmyvmrsm;}[lívnf; ac:qdk\/ odkYr[kwf olwpfyg;wdkY tjypfrjrif aus;Zl;wifapaom t&m0w¬Krsm;wnf;/ ]]zd k c aemuf w pf v H k ; uk e f ; rç ½H k r Qjzih f od e f ; wef t vS L &S i f jzpf E k d i f ayonf xdkq,fyg;aom aumif;usKd;jyKtaqmufttHk\ taMumif;cH rsm;wGif usefudk;yg; xif&Sm;NyD;jzpf&um; þürjyomNyD/ þüum;... olwpfyg;tvSL a0,sm0pöul½HkrQjzihf 'ge&Sifjzpfvm&yHkudkom tav;ay;azmfjyygtHh... 'geac: aumif;qkpdkufxl xdktvSLonfum; 1/ apwem'ge aumif;pdwjf zpf&ef vHUI aqmfjcif;jzihyf if 'geajrmuf oGm;jcif;/ 2/ 0w¬K'ge rdrdydkifqdkifonfxifonfh ypönf;rsm;udk wpfyg;olrsm; tm; ay;urf;axmufyHhjcif;jzihf 'geajrmufoGm;jcif;/ þodkYvQif 'geajrmufjcif;ESpfrsKd; &Sdacs&mwGif 1/ olwpfyg;wdkY aumif;pm;ap&ef apwemrSefxm;jcif;onfvnf; aumif;? ud, k Ef w I w f jYkd zihf apmifrjcif;rsm;onfvnf;aumif; apwem'geyif rnfygacs/ odkYr[kwf.... pdwfjzihfay;ydkYvdkufaom axmufyHha&;ypönf;rsm;/ 2/ wpfzef olwpfyg;aumif;pm;ap&ef 0w¬Kypön;f rsm;jzihf &ufa&m pGmay;urf;jcif;udkum; 0w¬K'getrnf&\/ odkYr[kwf... olwpfyg;wdkYjrif&ef 0w¬Kypönf;Mum;cHíapwemrSefazmfxkwf vdkufjcif;/ odkYaMumihf tvSLawmfBuD;wpfckjyK&mwGif... u/ OD;abm*onfum;.... rdrdydkifowfrSwfxm;NyD;aom 0w¬Kypönf;rsm;udk olwpfyg;aumif;pm;a&;tjzpf rdrduJhodkY csrf;ompGm cHpm;ap vdak om ud, k cf si;f pmpdwaf pwemrsm;jzihv f nf; ay;urf;jcif;trI oljyK\/ rdrdxuf omvGefjrihfjrwfaom olawmfaumif;rsm;udkvnf; tjrwf"mwfxl; uyf,lul;aomtm;jzihf vSL'gef;jcif;trI oljyK\/ þum;....udk,fjzihfay;aom 0w¬K'gecef;wnf;/ armif'goonfum;... olaX;BuD;OD;abm*uJhodkY "eaiGaMu;rsm;udkum; rwwfEkdif/ odkYaomf xdo k al X;Bu;D OD;abm*\ 'gecef; ESv;kH pdw0f rf; &Tiv f ef;csr;f ajrU pGmjzihf ay;omvSLom&ef/ xdkqGrf;vTwfyGJodkY <ua&mufvmMuygukefaom y&dowfrsm;u vnf; ud, k pf w d Ef v S ;kH &Tiv f ef;csr;f ajrUpGmjzihf tvSLcH(tvTwcf )H Edik Mf uap&ef/

tvSLay;ESifh tvSLcHtMum; Mum;0ifaqmif&u G af y;vdak om qE´ vnf; xm;\/ xm;aomtwdkif;vnf; tyifyef; tqif;&JcHum a0,sm 0pörIudk oljyKaeyg\/ þum;.... pdwfjzihfay;aom apwem'gecef;wnf;/ xdkESpfOD;wdkYwGif... OD;abm*um; qefqq D m;rsm;avmufuo kd m vSL'gef;Edik yf gonf/ qGrf;? qGrf;[if;ponfrsm;udkum; rwwfEkdifcJhyg/ armif'goum; qGr;f qGr;f [if;ponfrsm;avmufuo kd m vSL'gef; ygonf/ qef? qD? qm;ponfrsm;udkum; vHk;0rvSLEdkifcJhyg/ odkYaomf OD;abm*\ xdk qef? qD? qm;ponfwu Ykd m; armif'go\ tul rygbJESihf qGrf; qGrf;[if;tjzpfodkY a&mufrvmapEkdif/ armif'go\ qGrf;qGrf;[if;rsm;uvnf; OD;abm*\ rlwnf cHqef? qD? qm;rsm; rygbJESihf qGrf;yg qGrf;[if;ygtjzpfodkY vHk;0 a&muf rvmapEdkif/ odkYqdkaomf... ,if; qGrf;tvSLawmfr*FvmyGJBuD;onfypönf;pdkufvuful ESpfrsKd;aygif;&mrS jzpfay:vmaom tvSLBuD; yifr[kwfavm/ odrYk [kwf v,f&iS Ef iS fh oD;pm; zufpyfrsK;d aphcsxm;vdu k Mf ujcif;/ odkYaMumihf... xdkOD;abm*\ wpfodef;ukeftvSLBuD;onf armif'go\ tul jzihfom NyD;pD;ap&um; ,if; armif'goonfvnf; wpfodef;wef tvSL &SifBuD;t&modkY tvdkvdka&muf&SdapcJhNyD/ þü odapvdkonfrSm a0,sm0pöonf aumif;aomtrI jyKpkysKd;axmif&m\ ud&d,m wefqmyvmtppfjzpfaMumif;yif... xdk a0,sm0pörIjzihfyif... -apwemESi0fh w¬K ESpcf ak ygif; wpfaMumif;wnf;vrf;odYk wufap onf/ -ud, k Ef iS pfh w d Ef pS cf ak ygif; wpfaMumif;wnf;vrf;odYk wufaponf/ -tvSLESit fh ul ESpcf ak ygif; wpfaMumif;wnf;vrf;odYk wufaponf/ aumif ; ygayh pum;av;wpf c G e f ; om ajymvd k u f p rf ; yg txufü qdkcJhNyD; a0,sm0pö0ifa&mufjyKpkay;½Hkav;rQjzihf 'ge ajrmufyHkudk oabmaygufygvQif.... tvSL&Sifay;a0vdkufaomtrQom"kav; ac:½HkrQjzihf xdktvSL&SifESihf xyfwlxyfrQ rdrdvnf; tusKd;xl;cHpm;&yHkudk vnf; oabmaygufoihv f \ S / rdrx d uf omvGeo f \ l trIupd 0ö rf;ajrmuf aMumif;trlt&m jyK½Hkav;rQjzpfaom rk'dwmw&m;\ tusKd;oGm;um; tvSL&SifESihf wpfom;wnf;qdkonfudk oabmaygufoihfvS\/ onfhtwl touf*kPftm;jzihf BuD;jrihfolwdkYteD; csOf;uyfjcif; typm ,ejzihf tjrwf"mwful; rdrdyg tjrwfxl;b0rsKd; a&muf&yHkrsm;udkvnf; oabmaygufoihfvS\/ apwemonfom tn§mwnf;/ bk&m;&Sif odapvdkaom tcsufum; apwemonfom t"du [líyif/ ,if;apwemonfom aumif;rIüjzpfap? raumif;rIüjzpfap b0rsKd;aphtjzpfjzihf tusKd;ay;rnfudk þa0,sm0pöjyKjcif;? t½dktao jyKjcif;? om"kac:jcif;ponfrsm;udk axmufvsufu oabmaygufcJhMuyg (qufvufazmfjyygrnf) avukef/


COVER SPECIAL FEATURS "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/ rsuf E S m zk H ; rS t quf

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COVER SPECIAL FEATURS

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VISION OF THE DHAMMA "r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/ aemuf a usmzk H ; rS onfjzpf\/ tMum;tjrif&Sdaom t&d,mwynhftm;vnf; xdkw&m;wdkY onf jzpf\/ xdkodkYjzpf&mü tMum;tjrif&Sdaom t&d,mwynhfonf? tMum;tjrifr&Sdaom ykxkZOfESihf tb,fodkYxl;oenf;/ tb,fodkY tm;xkwrf v I eG u f o J enf;? tb,foYkd jyKryl x kH ;l oenf;[k jrwfpmG bk&m;&Sif ar;awmfrl\/ t&Sifjrwfbk&m;? tuREfkyfwdkYtm; w&m;awmfonf jrwfpGm bk&m;vQif t&if;cH&Sdyg\/ a[mawmfrltyfaom xdkpum;awmf\teuf t"dymÜ ,fukd jrwfpmG bk&m;onfomvQif a[mMum;awmfryl gavmh/ emMum; Mu&onf&adS omf &[ef;wdo Yk nf &Guaf qmifrw S o f m;Muygvdrrfh nfb&k m;[k avQmufMuukef\/ ]]&[ef;wdkY xdkodkYjzpfvQif emMum;Muukefavmh/ aumif;pGmESvHk; oGif;Muukefavmh? a[mMum;aytHh/}} tMum;tjrifr&Sdaom ykxkZOftm; vmbf&rIonfjzpf\/ xdk ykxkZOfonf ]]ightm; vmbf&rIonf jzpfcJhNyD/ xdkvmbf&rIonfum; tNrJ r&Sdqif;&J\/ azmufjyefwwfaom oabm&Sd\}} [k rqifjcif? [kwfwkdif; rSefpGmrod/ vmbfr&rIonf jzpf\ (y) tNcHt&H&SdrIonfjzpf\/ tNcHt&H r&SdrIonfjzpf\/ uJh&JUrIonfjzpf\/ csD;rGrf;rIonfjzpf\/ csrf;omrIonf jzpf\/ qif;&JrIonfjzpf\/ xdkykxkZOfonf ]]ightm;qif;&JrIonf jzpfcJh NyD/ xdkqif;&JrIonfum; tNrJr&Sd? qif;&J\/ azmufjyefwwfaomoabm &Sd\}} [k [kwfwkdif;rSefpGmrod/ xdyk x k Zk Oftm; vmbf&rIonfvnf; pdwu f kd odr;f usKH ;íwnf\/ vmbfr&rIonfvnf; pdwu f o kd rd ;f usKH ;íwnf\/ tNct H &Htausmt f apm &Srd ?I r&Srd w I o Ykd nfvnf; pdwu f o kd rd ;f usKH ;íwnf\/ uJ&h UJ rI cs;D rGr;f rIwo Ykd nf vnf; pdwu f kd odr;f usKH ;íwnf\/ csr;f omrI? qif;&Jrw I o Ykd nfvnf; pdwu f kd odrf;usHK;íwnf\/ xdkykxkZOfonf vmbf&rIjzpfaomf 0rf;ajrmuf\/ vmbfr&rIjzpfonf&Sdaomf 0rf;enf;\/ tNcHt&H&SdrIjzpfaomf 0rf;ajrmuf \/ tNcHt&Hr&SdrIjzpfaomf 0rf;enf;\/ csD;rGrf;aomf 0rf;ajrmuf\/ uJh&JU aomf 0rf;enf;\/ csrf;omaomf 0rf;ajrmuf\/ qif;&Jaomf 0rf;enf;\/ xdkykxkZOfonf þodkY 0rf;ajrmufrI 0rf;enf;rIodkYa&mufonfjzpfí y#doaE¨aejcif;? tdkjcif;? aojcif;? pdk;&drfjcif;? idka<u;jcif;? qif;&Jjcif;? ESvHk;rom,mjcif;? jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif;wdkYrS rvGwfEdkif/ qif;&Jtaygif;rS rvGwfEdkif[k igqdk\/ &[ef;wdkY? tMum;tjrif&Sdaom t&d,mwynhftm;vnf; xdk avmu"Hw&m;wkdYonf jzpfonfomwnf;/ xdkt&d,mwynhfonf ]]ihgtm; þqif;&JrIonfjzpfcJhNyD/ xdkqif;&JrIonfum; tNrJr&Sd? qif;&J\/ azmufjyefwwfaom oabm&Sd\}} [k qifjcif\/ [kwfwkdif;rSefpGmod\/ xdkt&d,mwynhftm; vmbf&rI? vmbfr&rIwdkYonf pdwfudk odrf;usHL;írwnfEdkif/ tNcHt&H&SdrI? r&SdrIwdkYonfvnf; pdwfudkodrf;usHK;í rwnfEdkif/ uJh&JUrI? csD;rGrf;rIwdkYonfvnf; pdwfudk odrf;usHK;í rwnfEdkif/ csrf;omrI qif;&JrIwdkYonfvnf; pdwfudkodrf;usHK;írwnfEdkif/ xdkt&d,m wynhfonf vmbf&ívnf; 0rf;rajrmuf? r&ívnf; 0rf;renf;/ tNcHt&H &Sdívnf;0rf;rajrmuf/ r&Sdívnf; 0rf;renf;/csD;rGrf;ívnf; 0rf;rajrmuf/ uJh&JUívnf; 0rf;renf;/ csrf;omívnf; 0rf;rajrmuf/ qif;&Jívnf; 0rf;renf;/ xdkt&d,mwynhfonf þodkY ESpfoufrI? 0rf;enf;rIudk y,fEdkif onfjzpfí y#doaE¨aejcif;? tdkjcif;? aojcif;? pd k ; &d r f j cif ; ? id k a <u;jcif ; ? qif ; &J j cif ; ? ES v H k ; rom,mjcif ; ? jyif;pGmyifyef;jcif;wdrYk S vGwaf jrmuf\/ qif;&Jtaygif;rS vGwaf jrmuf\[k igqdk\/

27

Well indeed were it for us, if the Exalted One would expound the meaning of his speech to us. Then, when the monks have heard the Exalted One, they will treasure his worlds in their hearts. "Then listen, monks, give head, I will speak." "Yes, Lord," they replied, and the Exalted One said; Monks, gain comes to the unlearned common average folk, who reflect not thus: "This gain, which has come, is impermanent, painful and subject to change" They know it not as it really is. Loss comes.....fame..... obscurity.....blame......praise........contentment....pain....They reflect not that such are impermanent, painful and subject to change, nor do they know these conditions as they really are. Gain, loss and so forth take possession of their minds and hold away there. They welcome the gain, which has arisen; they rebel against lose. They welcome the fame, which has arisen; they rebel against obscurity. They welcome the praise, which has arisen; they rebel againest, blame. They welcome the contentment, which has arisen; they rebel against pain. Thus given over to compliance and hostility, they are not freed from birth, old age, death, sorrows, lamentations, pains, miseries and tribulations. I say such folk are not free from ill. (But to the learned Ariyan disciple just the converse is the case) ( A translation of the ANGUTTA-NIKAYA, At.t.haka-Nipa-ta, On Amity; worldly failing Sutta) Dhamma V1-ra Thandar Aung. ITBM University, Yangon.

&[ef;wdkY? þonfvnf; tMum;tjrif&Sdaom t&d,mwynhf ESifh tMum;tjrifr&Sad om ykxZk Ofw\ Ykd xl;aomtaMumif;wnf;/ vGeu f J aomtm;xkwfrIwnf;/ xl;aomjyKrlyHkwnf;[k rdefYawmfrl\/ vmbf&rI?vmbfr&rIonfvnf;aumif;? tNcHt&H&SdrI? r&SdrI vnf;aumif;? uJh&JUrIcsD;rGrf;rIonfvnf;aumif;? csrf;omrI qif;&JrI onfvnf;aumif;? þoabmw&m;wdkYonf vlwdkYü tNrJr&Sdukef/ twnfr&Sdukef/ azmufjyefajymif;vJwwfaom oabmom&Sdukef\/ owd E S i f h j ynh f p H k a om ynm&S d o nf xd k w &m;wd k Y u d k o d í azmuf j yef w wf a om oabmwd k Y u d k ÓPf j zih f ½ I q if j cif \ / xd k o d k Y aom ynm&S d \ pd w f u d k tvd k & S d t yf a om avmu"H w &m;wd k Y o nf vnf; racsmufcsm;Edkifukef/ tvdkr&Sdtyfaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkY aMumih f v nf ; pd w f x d c d k u f y if y ef ; jcif ; od k Y r a&muf E d k i f a y/ xdkoltm; pdwfESihfavsmfaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkYonfvnf; aumif;? pdwfESifhqefYusifaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkYonfvnf;aumif; ysuf p D ; NyD ; csKyf a ysmuf N yD ; jzpf í r&S d u k e f / b0\wpf z uf u rf ; od k Y a&mufaomolonf udavomjrLuif;í pdk;&drfjcif;r&Sdaom edAÁmefudk odvsuf? b0\wpfzufurf;odkYa&mufonf\tjzpfudk aumif;pGm od E d k i f a y\/ (t*Fkw¦dK&fygVdawmf? t|uedygwf? arwåm0*f? avmu"r®okwf) "r® 0 D & - oEÅ m atmif tjynf j ynf q d k i f & max&0g'Ak ' ¨ o moemjyKwuú o d k v f &ef u k e f N rd K U/


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

28

"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

tar;ykpäm tajz&Sm [d e f ; rif ; xuf (pd e f u ef Y v ef Y )

(1) ]]Am&0D}} trnf&Sdaom&aohBuD;onf jyóemwpf&yfESihfawGUBuHKae&aomaMumifh pdwEf v S ;kH rcsr;f ajrUEdik ?f awG;awmai;idik í f aeay onf/ ol&ifqdkif&aom jyóemum; tjcm; r[kwf/ ykPÖm;wpfOD;u olYtm; usdefpmwkduf oGm;aomaMumifhjzpfonf/ Am&0D&aohBuD;ü vuf&if;wynhfBuD; (16) a,mufESihf tNcHt&H &aohrsm;pGm&Sdonf/ Am&0D&aohBuD;rSm crnf; awmf ]]r[maumovrif;BuD;}} vufxufwGif yka&m[dwq f &mBu;D tjzpfceft Y yfjcif;cHc&hJ onf/ om;awmf ]]yaoe'Daumovrif;}} vufxufoYkd a&muf a omtcg? yk a &m[d w f q &mBuD ; rS m touft&G,t f rkd if;vmNyjD zpfí &aoh0wfonf/ yaoe'Daumovrif;u &aohBuD; udk rif;O,smOfü aexdik cf iG ahf y;cJo h nf/ od&Yk mwGif vlwdkYESifheD;aomae&mü aMumihfMurIrsm;aom aMumihf tóuwdik ;f ESihf tVuwkid ;f ESpcf t k Mum; (om0w¬djynfç awmifbuf) awmtkyfBuD;ü wynhf&aohrsm;ESihfajymif;a&GUaexkdifavonf/ rMumcif&ufydkif;u olYxHodkYykPÖm; wpfOD;a&mufvmonf/ tojymaiGig;&may;yg

[k awmif;cHvmonf/ &aohBuD;u ighrSmvSLí ukeNf yjD zpfí ay;p&mr&S[ d k wkejYf yefajymqdo k nf/ (qGrf;cH&GmrS&&Sdaom tcGeftxkyfrsm;udk &aoh BuD;tm;vSL'gef;ojzihf tvSLyGJBuD;jyKvkyfEdkifjcif; jzpfonf/) xdktcg tvSLcHykPÖm;u tojym ig;&mray;cJhaomf t&Sif&aoh\OD;acgif;onf (7) &ufajrmufaomaeYwiG f jywfygapownf;}} [k usdefpmwkdufoGm;onf/ OD;acgif;jywfrnhfta&;awG;NyD; &aoh Bu;D pdwrf at;Edik ?f psmeformywfü raysmaf rGUEdik f jzpf&acsonf/ ]]ykPÖm; usdefpmwkdufoGm;ovdk ckepf &ufMum&if ihg&JUOD;acgif;[m wu,fbjJ ywfomG ; rSmvm;...usdefpmudk b,fvdkacszsufajz&Sif;& yhgrvJ}} &aohBuD;rSm pdk;&drfxdwfvefYrIrsm;jzihf BuH&mr&jzpfaeayonf/ ]]t&Si&f aohBu;D ? ylaqG;aomua&muf ae½HkeJY taMumif;rxl;yg? usdefpmwkdufoGm;wJh ykPÖm;[m omref ]tnw&} omjzpfygw,f/ tojymaiG&vdkwJhtwGuf t&SifudkNcdrf;ajcmuf oGm;jcif;omjzpfygw,f/ OD;acgif;jywfjcif;&JU taMumif;&if;udk odvdkygu bk&m;ocifudkom avQmufxm;oifyh gw,f..om0w¬rd mS ,cktcg jrwfpGmbk&m;yGihfxGef;aeNyDjzpfygw,f}} &aohBuD;udk MunfndKav;pm;aom ½ku©pdk;ewf (ausmif;ocFrf;apmihfewf) wpfOD;u &aohBuD;udk ajzodrfhajymMum;vdkufayonf/ ]]bk & m;..bk & m;..jrwf p G m bk & m; yGix fh eG ;f aeNyw D }hJ } jrwf p G m bk & m;[l a om pum;oH u d k Mum;&½Hrk Qjzihyf if &aohBu;D cHpm;ae&aom ylaqG; aomuwdrYk mS xuf0ufoufom ajyaysmufomG ; onf[kyif cHpm;rdonf/ ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;udk udk,fwkdifudk,fus zl;jrifcsiv f u kd w f m[,f..ihgrSm tdrk if;rpGr;f jzpf

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{w'*fudkcsD;jr§ihfawmfrljcif;/ (10) t&Sifom&dykwå&mr[max&fjrwfBuD;avQmufxm;awmif;yefojzihf Ak'0¨ ifa'oemawmfuakd [mMum;awmfrjl cif;paom tusK;d xl; tusKd ;quf rsm; jzpfay:&&Sdapygonf/ t*Fg&daem 'ged 'krm b'aEÅ? zavodaem q'eH 0dyÜ[m,/ aw tpdöraEÅm0 ybmo,EÅd? ora,m r[m0D& t*Ð&omeH/ Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ;


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/ ]]pdwef aYJ r;avQmuf½ekH .YJ .jrwfpmG bk&m; u odEdkifyghrvm;}} wynhfBuD;wpfOD;u ar;jref; vku d o f nf/ ]]pdwfxJu ar;avQmufwmudk ajzqdk Edik rf o S m bk&m;ppfç bk&m;rSejf zpfayw,f wynhf wd.Yk .}} &aohBuD; ar;jref;avQmufxm;onhf ykpämjyóem&yfwdkYonf rnfonhf ]]tar;ykpäm}} rsdK;ü yg0ifaMumif; od&SdrSwfom;p&mjzpfí? tar;ig;rsd K ;? tajzav;rsd K ;taMumif ; ud k qufpyfwifjyvdkygonf/ tar;ig;rsdK;rSm.. (1) rodrjrifí odcsio f jzihf ar;aom tar; (t'd | apm'em) (2) rdrdodNyD;jzpfvsuf? t,ltqwl? rwlodvdkí ar;aomtar; ('d|oHoE´em) (3) oHo,&Sdojzihf &Sif;vif;pGmodvkd í ar;aomtar; (0drwdapä'em) (4) rdrdESifhoabmwljzpf&efn§dEdIif;vdk í ar;aomtar; (tEkrwd) (5) rdrdudk,fwkdifajzMum;vdkí ar; (uaxwkurswm) [líjzpfonf/ aomtar;(uaxwk tajzav;rsdK;rSm... (1) ar;oavmufuo kd m vd&k if;wd&k iS ;f jzihf wdwdyyajzMum;jcif; ({uHoAsmu&P) (2) tus,f a 0zef í ajzMum;jcif ; (0d b ZÆ A smu&P) (3) ykpämjzihfwHkYjyefar;í ta&;t&m tm;avsmfpGm ajzMum;jcif;/ (y#dypk mä Asmu&P) (4) ar;onfukd rajzbJxm;í? tjcm; pum;jzihf ajzqdk&jcif;/ (|ye,Asmu&P) [líjzpfonf/ (3) wynhfBuD; (16) a,mufonf rdrdwdkY \ wpfaxmifpDaomwynhfwdkYudkac:aqmifí? jrwfpGmbk&m;oDwif;oHk;&m om0w¬djynfodkY xG u f c G m oG m ;Muavonf / &aoh t aygif ; wpfaomif;ausmfwdkY vma&mufaeaMumif; Ak'¨ jrwfpGmonf ]]'dAÁpu©KÓPfawmf}} jzihf odawmf rlonf/ þom0w¬djynfonf &aohwdkYtwGuf ae&mrSefr[kwf..&mZN*dK[fjynf&Sd ]]ygomP apwD}} rnfaomausmif;onf omç &aohwdkY uRr;f wrf;0ifEikd rf nhaf e&mjzpfonfukd Ak'u ¨ od&dS awmfrlonf/ odkYaomf om0w¬dodkY&aohrsm; a&muf&Sdí edrdwfzwfEdkif&ef ajcawmf&mwpfql csxm;cJhNyD; &mZN*dK[fjynfodkY <uawmfrlonf/ &aohwo Ykd nf om0w¬jd ynfrS &mZN*Kd [f jynf&Sd jrwfpGmbk&m;oDwif;oHk;onhf ]]ygomP apwD}} ausmif;odkY qufvufxGufcGma&muf&Sd

MuNy;D Ak't ¨ m; ½dak opGmzl;ajrmfMuonf/ &aohwYkd \ tBu;D trSL;jzpfaom ]tZdw} &aohu Am&0D &aohBuD;rSmMum;vkdufaom tar;ykpäm (7) &yf udk EkwfjzihfzGihf[ravQmufxm;bJ pdwfxJu ar;avQmuf v k d u f a vonf / Ak ' ¨ j rwf p G m u Ekwf>rufajzMum;awmfrlvkdufonf/ (1) tZdw- oifwdkY\q&mtouf onf (120) &SdavNyD/ (2) tZdw- oifw\ Ykd q&mum; Am&0D tEG,fjzpfí? trnftm;jzihfvnf; Am&0D [lí xif&Sm;onf/ (3) tZdw- oifwdkY\q&mAm&0D\ udk,füxif&Sm;aom vu©Pmt*FgoHk;yg;ç yg&Sd ayonf/ (4) tZdw- oifw\ Ykd q&mAm&0Donf a0'usr;f wdüYk wpfbufurf;cwfwwfajrmufvS ayonf/ (5) tZdw- oifwdkY\q&monf? tbd"mef? edC@Kusr;f ? tvuFm? au#Kbusr;f ? vu©Pmusr;f ? £wd[mousr;f wdu Yk kd wynhw f Ykd tm; tNrJoifMum;ydkYcsonf/ (6) tZdw- oifwdkYq&mAm&0Donf vQmjzihf rsuEf mS udk zH;k tkyEf ikd \ f / rsuaf rSmiftMum; ü OPÖvakH rGU&Siaf yguf\/ ttdrjf zihzf ;kH vTr;f aom yk&dot*Fg&Sday\/ (7) tZdw- trSefudkrodrI? t0dZÆm onf OD;acgif;rnf\/ ,HMk unfro I '¨g? atmufarh rIowd? wnfMunfrIorm"dwdkYESihfvnf;aumif;? ukodkvfudktvdk&SdrIqE´? tm;xkwfrI0D&d,ESihf vnf;aumif; ,SOaf omt&[wår*f (r*fav;yg; wGif xdyfqHk;jzpfaomr*f) todÓPf0dZÆmonf OD;acgif;udkjzwfapwwfaomw&m;rnfay\/ Ak ' ¨ j rwf p G m \ ajzMum;csuf w d k Y u d k Mum;odvdkuf&aom &aohwdkYonf ESpfaxmif; tm;&? 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfMu&avonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;udkvnf; ½dkaopGmOD;ckdufMuav onf/ jrwf p G m bk & m;u tcG i h f a y;ojzih f wynhfBuD; (16) a,mufonf olwdkYpdwf0,f rxif&Sm; r&Sif;vif;aomykpämjyóemrsm;udk vnf; xkwaf zmfar;avQmufMuavonf/ edAmÁ ef oGm;&mvrf;aMumif;udk toD;oD;ar;avQmufMu jcif;jzpfNyD;- jrwfpGmbk&m;u ajzMum;awmfrl f k xif&mS ;onf)/ jrwfpGm onf/ (yg&m,eokw[ bk&m;\ tajzw&m;udk em,lrw S o f m;? qifjcif MuaomaMumifh Am&0D&aohBuD;\ vuf&if; wynhfBuD; (16) a,muftjyif yg&Sdvmaom &aohtaygif;aomif;ajcmufaxmifausmw f o Ykd nf yd*, Ø &aohrw S pfyg; tm;vH;k yif ]]{[dbu d K© &[EÅm}}

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rsm; jzpfoGm;Muavawmhonf/ yd*Ø,&aohrSmrl jrwfpGmbk&m;a[m Mum;onhw f &m;awmfukd rdrq d &mç &aohBu;D rsm; emapcsifonfh awmihfwrIqE´ iJhuGufrdaom aMumihf &[EÅmtjzpforYkd a&muf&b dS J ]]{[dbu d K© tem*grf}} tjzpfoo Ykd m a&muf&o dS nf/ t&Siyf *d , Ø wpfyg;wnf;jzihf OD;&D;awmf vnf;jzpfaom q&m&aohBuD;xH jyefvnf<u oGm;avonf/ ]]bk&m;ocifukd zl;awGUcJ&h Ny.D .w&m; a'oemwd k Y u d k v nf ; emMum;cJ h & NyD r d k Y v m;.. 0rf;omyDwd&SdvSygayw,f}} ]]jrwfpGmbk&m;..wynhfawmf ½dkao OD;ckdufuefawmhyg\bk&m;}} t&Sifyd*Ø,udk jrifawGUvkduf&aom Am0D&&aohBu;D onf 0rf;omtm;&? &Tiv f ef;aom pd w f w d k Y j zih f jrwf p G m bk & m;tm; &nf r S e f ; NyD ; vuftkyfcsDrdk;&Sdcdk;uefawmhvkdufav\/ olYxHrS xGufcGmoGm;pOfu olYwynhf wdo Yk nf opfacgufq;kd ndKriId ;f rdiI ;f &aohouFe;f udk 0wf½o kH mG ;Muaomfvnf; rdrad &SUarSmufjyefa&muf vmaom yd*Ø,rSm jrwfpGmbk&m;\om;awmf bduK© &[ef;toGijf zihf jrifawGUvdu k &f aomaMumihf ol Y w ynf h w d k Y o nf bk & m;ppf ç bk & m;rS e f u d k udk,fawGUzl;ajrmfcGifh&cJhNyD[k wyftyfod&Sdvdkuf aomaMumifh wynhfvnf;jzpf? wlawmfolvnf; jzpfaom t&Sifyd*Ø,udk 0rf;omtm;& qD;BudK EIwfcGef;qufvdkufjcif;jzpfayonf/ bduK© y*d , Ø onf OD;&D;awmf Am&0D&aoh Bu;D \ tar;ykpmä wdt Yk m; jrwfpmG bk&m;ajymMum; onfudk wpfqihfjyefvnfrdefYMum;vkdufonf/ xdkYtjyif jrwfpGmbk&m;a[mMum;onhfw&m; a'oemwdu Yk v kd nf; jyefvnfa[mMum;vku d af v onf/ xd k t csd e f r S m yif Ak ' ¨ j rwf p G m onf om0w¬jd ynfü wnfaeawmfrv l suyf if Am&0DEiS hf yd * Ø , wd k Y x H a&mif j cnf a wmf (qAÁ P Ö & H o D ) ajcmufoG,fudkvTwfvsuf? oihfavsmufywf aom w&m; a[mMum;awmfrlav\/ w&m; tqH;k wGif &Siyf *d , Ø onf t&[wåzv kd o f v Ykd nf; aumif;? Am&0D&aohBuD;onf tem*grdzdkvfodkY vnf;aumif; qkdufa&mufoGm;avownf;/ pmud k ; (1) "r®p&d,OD;armifav;- ]]yd#uwftESpfcsKyf okwåedygwf (pm 243- 257) (2) '*kefOD;pef;aiG- ]]Ak'¨udk,fwkdifajzMum;cJh& aom ar;cGef;ESifhjyóemrsm; (4-5) aygif;csKyf/ (pm 57- 76) [d e f ; rif ; xuf (pd e f u ef Y v ef Y )


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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"r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/

t&d,mpcef; r*fwufvrf; q&mawmf O D ; eE´ ( rEÅ a v;)

(,cif t ywf r S t quf ) t0d Z Æ m t0dZmÆ [laom (arm[)onf ½kyef mrf "r® ocF g &w&m;wd k Y \ obm0wd k Y u d k v nf ; aumif;? aMumif;usK;d qufpyfí jzpfyw Hk u Ykd v kd nf; aumif; trSeftwdkif;rodjcif;yif jzpfonf/ 'gh a Mumih f ypö , y&d * ¾ [ ÓPf & a&;twG u f taMumif ; tusKd ; uk d cG J j cm;íod a omÓPf jzpf a y:vma&;twG u f ½k y f u k d emrf u k d taMumif;ukd tusKd;ukd aMumif;usKd;qufpyf wdkYudkvnf;aumif; ykdif;ykdif;jcm;jcm; odjrifí vmatmif avhvmBuKd;ukwf tm;xkwf&rnf jzpfonf/ ,k H M unf c suf t m;aumif ; vmatmif ,cktcg igwdAYk 'k b ¨ mom0ifawGonf rd½kd;zvmtm;jzihfawmh a&SUb0? aemufb0 &Sdonf[k ,kHMunfMuayonf/ odkYaomfvnf; a&SUb0 aemufb0wdkYu rsufpdjzihf wdkuf½dkuf jrif&aomt&mrsm;r[kwfMuojzihf wu,f wrf; qef;ppfMunhfvkdufawmh ESpfESpfNcKdufNcKduf BuD; r[kwfvSyg/ a,mif0g;0g; ,kHMunfjcif;om jzpfayonf/ bmhaMumifh a,mif0g;0g; ,kHMunf jcif;jzpf&oenf;/ rdrd\ ukd,fwkdif ukd,fykdif ÓPfjzihf okH;oyfí vufcH&onfr[kwfaom aMumifh a,mif0g;0g; jzpf&ayonf/ 'ghaMumihf a&SUb0 aemufb0 &Sd r&SdwdkYukd ay:vGifívm atmif jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mawmfrltyfaom w&m;awmfwdkYukd a&SUoGm;jyKívnf;aumif;? trSDjyKívnf;aumif;? ,cka&mufqJ ypöKyÜef b0\ obm0w&m;quf p yf r I w d k Y u k d v nf ; aumif; okH;oyfí ½IMunhf&rnfjzpfayonf/ rjrif & wk d i f ; r&S d [ k qk d E k d i f y govm; a&SUb0[lonf vGefcJhaomtwdwf

b0ukd qkdygonf/ tem*wfb0[lonf aemif jzpfrnhftem*wfb0ukd qkdygonf/ 'Dawmh twdwf tem*wfwdkYonfum; ,cka&mufqJ r[kwfMuojzihf vufawGUtm;jzihf rjrif&yg/ odkYrjrif&aomaMumihf r&Sd[k qkdEkdifyghrvm;/ avukd jrif&ygovm;? rjrif&yg/ rjrif&vdYk r&S[ d k qk d E k d i f y govm;/ vl u k d avwd k ; xd í od a e &ojzihf r&Sd[k rqkdEkdifyg/ 'DuJhokdYyif toHukd teHYukd jrif&ygovm;? rjrif&yg/ rjrif&vkdY r&Sd [k qkdEkdifygovm;? rqkdEkdifyg/ bmaMumihfenf;/ qkdif&m'Gg&wdkYESihfusawmh awGUod&í &SdrSef;od ae&aomaMumifh r&Sd[k rqkdEkdifyg/ 'DuJhodkYyif a&SUb0 aemufb0wdkYuvnf; ÓPfESihf&SmvQif {uefyif awGU&rnfjzpfygawmh\/ jrif & wJ h t ay: jrif & wJ h t wk d i f ; qk H ; jzwf Ek d i f r vm; rsufpdESihf wdkuf½kdufjrif&wJhtay:rSm a&m jrif&wJt h wdik ;f qk;H jzwfvQif rSeEf idk yf ghrvm;/ [kdta0; rsufpdwpfqkH;ukd vSrf;íMunhfvkdufyg/ rk;d eJaY jrwdYk xdaeonfudk jrifae&vdrrhf nf/ jrif& onhftwdkif; xdaeayonf[k qkH;jzwfvQif rSeyf ghrvm;? rrSeEf ikd yf g/ bmhaMumihef nf;/ rk;d eJaY jr wdkYu wu,fxdaeonfr[kwf/ a0;vHvSí rsufjriftiftm; ukefqkH;aeaomaMumihf xdae oa,mif tjrif r S m ;ae&jcif ; jzpf a yonf [ k qkH;jzwfrSom trSefokdY a&mufEkdifayawmhrnf/ wpf c g teD ; ta0;uk d jrif & aom rSefajymif;ESihf Munhfvkdufaomtcg opfyif awmawmifwdkYonf eD;vmvkduf a0;oGm;vkduf ESifh jrifae&vdrrfh nf/ jrif&onht f wdik ;f opfyif awmawmifwdkYu wu,fyif a&GUvmvkduf? a&GUoGm;vkduf vkyfaeonfr[kwf/ rSefajymif;\ vSnhfpm;csufaMumihfom tjrifrSm;&jcif;jzpf

onf[k ÓPfOD;pD;í qkH;jzwfrSom trSefokdY a&mufEkdifygvQif rsufjrifukd,fawGUr[kwfaom wrvGefavmuukd &Sm&efüusawmh tb,f qkzd , G &f m&St d eHh nf;/ ÓPfO;D pD;rIonfom y"me jzpfawmh\/ a&S U b0 aemuf b 0&S d E k d i f y k H O yrm tdyfaysmfaeaomolonf tdrfruf xJü 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omrufaevQif tJ'DrSm 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfaewJh b0wpfck/ 'DrSm vnf; wk;H vk;H Bu;D u &Sad ejyef\/ wpfcg tdyrf uf xJü aMumufvefYajy;vTm;ae&vQif tJ'DrSm aMumuf v ef Y a e&wJ h b0wpf c k / 'D r S m vnf ; wkH;vkH;BuD;u &Sdaejyef\/ 'g[m vlwkdif;awGUzl; wJh ESpfb0Oyrmyifwnf;/ 'ghaMumihf a&SUb0 aemufb0wdkYu &SdEkdifayawmh\/ txyf x yf v nf í aeaom oH o &m avmutwG i f ; ü &S d M uuk e f a om obm0w&m;wdkY\ r&yfrwnf vnfaeykHwdkYukd ok H ; oyf í Munf h & rnf j zpf o nf / 'h g aMumif h aEGrkd;aqmif; [laom OwkwdkYonf wpfvJpD r&yfrwnf vnfywfí aeMuayukef\/ ae v eu©wfwdkYonfvnf; b,folrS wGef;tm; ray;&bJ 0ifvkdufxGufvkdufESihf vnfywfí aeMuayukef\/ opfyifwdkYonfvnf; &Gufpdrf; a<uvk d u f ½k d ; wH j zpf í &G u f E k x k d ; vk d u f j zih f vnfywfí aeMuayuke\ f / 'ghaMumihf avmu BuD;wpfckvkH;ukd NcKHí ÓPfESihfokH;oyfí Munhf vkdufaomtcg b,f[mwpfckrS &yfwnfí raeEk d i f b J vnf y wf í aeMu&onf u k d o m awGUMu&ayawmh\/ 'ghaMumifh b0oHo&m twGif;ü &SdMuukefaom owå0g[lorQwdkYonf vnf; arG;vQifaornf/ aovQif arG;rnf[l aom arG;aowdkYonfvnf; vnfywfí aeMu &ukefawmhvwHåUwnf;/ vnf y wf r I ü quf p yf y k H twdw?f tem*wfwo Ykd nf ,cka&muf qJtcsdef\ a&SUykdif;ukd twdwf? aemufykdif;ukd tem*wf[k ac:onf/ ,ck wdkYwawG\pdwf onf ,cka&mufqJtm½kHwGif raebJ vGefcJhNyD; aom twdwftm½kHukd vSrf;awG;ívnf; tm½kH jyKonf/ ra&muf& rjzpf&ao;wJhtem*wf ukdvnf; vSrf;awG;í tm½kHjyKonf/ 'Dawmh þpdwo f nf ypöKyeÜ rf aS eí twdwu f dk vSr;f awG; í ypöKyÜefESihftwdwfukd qufpyfay;ovkdjzpf aeonf/ þpdwfonf ypöKyÜefrS tem*wfukd vSrf;awG;ívnf; ypöKyÜefESihf tem*wfukdvnf; quf p yf a y;ovk d jzpf a ejyef o nf / 'D a wmh twdwftm½kHukd vSrf;awG;aomtcg twdwf


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/ tm½kHESihf twdwf½kyfemrfawG? tem*wftm½kHukd vSr;f awG;aomtcg tem*wftm½kEH iS fh tem*wf ½kyfemrfawGonf pdwfxJrSm qufpyfí jzpfae &\/ 'ghaMumihf þqufpyfykHwdkYukd trSDjyKí twd w f b 0ES i h f ypö K yÜ e f b 0? ypö K yÜ e f b 0ES i h f tem*wfb0wdYk qufpyfí jzpfEidk yf w Hk yYkd gwnf;/ (ypöKyÜefü&Sdaom OyrmwdkYukd,lí okH;oyfjcif; onf NyD;\/) uH q k d w m bmuk d a c:ovJ uHqkdwm rdrdjyKvkyforQaom ukd,f jzihf jyKvkyfwJh um,uHrI? EIwfjzihfjyKvkyfwJh 0pDuHrI? pdwfjzihf awG;awmBuHpnfwJh raemuHrI wdkYukd uH[kac:onf/ 'ghaMumihf uHuawmh tcsdefra&G; jzpfaeyg\/ tusKd;ay;aomuHESihf tusKd;ray;aomuH 'gyJxl;yg\/ uH q k d w m &S d a eovm;? aysmuf o G m ;ovm; om;&SifjyK orD;em;xGif; tvSL'ge jyKaomtcg jyKNyD;onfESihf tcsdefwefawmh tvSLcH vSL&ef tokdif;t0kdif;ykHo@mefwdkYonf r&SdMuawmhay/ odkYyif r&Sdjim;aomfvnf; jyef awG;vkdufaomtcg pdwfxJrSm ay:vm&\/ rawG ; bJ E S i h f v nf ; ay:vm&\/ 'gh a Mumih f xkdtvSLcH vSL&efykH[efo@mefowådwdkYonf pdwfxJrSm jr§Kyfxm;ovkdjzpfí ukefqkH;roGm;yg/ &Sdaeygonf/ wpfcg vSLwJhtcgrSm ypönf;tm; jzihf rdrdu ukefus&jcif;jzpf\/ 'gukd rESajrm wJhtjyif tjypfuif;í aumif;usKd;ay;Ekdifonf [laom ,kMH unfcsuaf Mumifh 0rf;ajrmufMunfE;l rIyifjzpfae&\/ 'gukd ukov dk &f w,fvYkd qk&d \/ 'Dukokdvfukd tBudrfBudrfawG; tBudrfBudrfay: tBud r f B ud r f c srf ; omíae&\/ 'gh a Mumih f 'Duo k v dk o f nf {uefyif aumif;usK;d ay;Ekid o f nf [laom ,kHMunfcsufaMumifh rESajrmwJhtjyif 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omyif jzpfae&\/ 'Dukokdvfu b0ul;awmh b,fvkdulnDrIawG ay;ovJ/ vlwdkYonf aocgeD;Muawmh ½kyfukd,fBuD;u rvIyfEkdifawmhbJ pdwfuav;uawmh tm;enf; pGmjzihf odysuf odysufESihf jzpfíaeay\/ 'DtcsdefrSm oljyKcJhzl;aom ukokdvft&dyfonf ay:vm&\/ 'Dtcg pdwu f oGm;uyfí csr;f om ae&\/ 'Dcsrf;omíaewkH; aoaomolonf aumif;aom vl ewf csrf;omb0odkY a&muf& avawmh\/ ckd; qkd; wdkufckduf olYtoufowfjcif; pwJh raumif;wmukd jyKvkyfaomolwkdYonf vnf; jyKvkyfqJrSmvnf; qif;&Jae&\/ jyKvkyf NyD;wJhaemufrSmvnf; pdwfqif;&Jae&\/ aocg eD;usawmhvnf; 'Draumif;wJhtm½kHawGaMumihf pdwfqif;&Jae&\/ 'Dvkd pdwfqif;&Jaewkef;

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aoaomol o nf i&J ? wd & pä m ef ? Nyd w å m ? t*F g 12 yg;uk d aMumif ; usKd ; cG J & ef tol&um,f[laom tyg,fav;bkHokdY qkduf t0d Z Æ m ocF g &onf twd w f a&muf&ayawmhvwHUå / rdrjd yKvyk af om aumif;rI taMumif ; twd w f b 0/ 0d n mOf ? emrf ½ k y f ? raumif;rIwdkYonf rdrdwdkYtm;om aumif;usKd; oVm,we? zó? a0'emonf ypöKyÜeftusKd;/ qkd;usKd;wkdY jzpf&ayawmhrnf[k qufpyfrIukd wPSmOyg'gef? b0onf ypöKyÜeftaMumif; jrifatmifMunhfxm;yg/ ypöKyÜefb0/ Zmwd? Z&m? r&Ponf tem*wf (tusKd;ay;oifhvsufom;ESihf tcGihf tusKd; tem*wfb0wdkYjzpfonf/ roihí f tusK;d ray;vku d &f aomuHEiS fh jyKvyk pf Of t*Fg 12 yg;ukd jcif;&m 20 yGm;ykH wkef;u apwem rxufoefbJ jyKumrQom y#dpo ö rkygÜ 'ft*Fg 12 yg;wdu Yk dk jcif;&m jzpf a omuH w d k Y o nf tusKd ; ray;Ek d i f a om 20 jzpfatmif jzefyY mG ;yk.H .. ud 3? uH 2? 0dygwf ta[moduHwdkY[k rSwfyg) 8? 12 jzpfEkdifap [laom vuFmt& udavo uHç ur®edrdwfç *wdedrdwfxifykH 0#f 3 yg;? ur®0#f 1 yg;cGJ? 0dygu#f 7 yg;cGJwdkY\ b0Zmwf rukefao;aomolwdkYonf w&m;uk d , f w d k Y u k d azmf x k w f & rnf j zpf o nf / aocgeD;ü uHç ur®erd w d çf *wderd w d f 3 rsK;d wdw Yk iG f xkdYaMumifh t*Fg 12 yg;wdkYwGif t0dZÆmonf wpfrsKd;rsKd;aomedrdwfonf pdwfrSmxifvm&\/ udavo0#fjzpfí ocFg&onf ur®0#fjzpfonf/ vGefcJhaomb0u jyKcJhaomuHjzpfap/ urÇm 'ghaMumihf udavo0#f 3 yg;jzpfatmif t0dZÆm aygif;rsm;pGmu jyKcJhaom uHjzpfap? aocgeD;ü aemuf 0#fwljzpfaom wPSm? Oyg'gefxnhfí pd w f r S m txl ; yif x if & S m ;ívm\/ Oyrm- t0dZÆm wPSm Oyg'gef[k udavo0#f 3 yg; ausmif;aqmufvkyfvSL'gef;cJhwkef;u ukokdvf jzpfonf/ ur®0#f 2 yg;jzpfatmif uHwljzpf apwemawGonf pdwfrSm wzGm;zGm;jzpfcJhjim; aom ocFg&aemuf ur®xnhfí ocFg&ur® [k tHh/ ,ck aocgeD;rSmvnf; xkdukokdvfapwem ur®0#f 2 yg;jzpfawmh\/ tm;vkH;aygif;aomf awGonf wpfjcm;ukokdvf tukodkvfapwem t0dZÆm wPSm Oyg'gef ocFg& ur® [lí wdkYxuf ay:vGifxif&Sm;íaeojzihf jyeftrSwf twdwftaMumif; 5 yg;jzpfawmh\/ t0dZÆm &í ukokdvfapwemwdkYonf wzGm;zGm; jzpfvm wPSm Oyg'gefonf udavo0#f ylavmif? jyef\/ ('g[m a&S;u jyKcJhzl;aom trSwf ocFg&ur®onf ur®0#fjyKvkyf/ tom;jzihf uHtm½kHxifjcif;wnf;) xkdukokdvf ypöKyÜeftusKd; 5 yg;um; 0dnmPf? apwemaMumih f aumif ; aomb0bk H X meod k Y emrf½kyf? oVm,we zó? a0'emwdkY[lwnf;/ a&muf&jcif;jzpf\/ ypöKyÜeftaMumif; 5 yg;um; 0#fwl wpfenf;- om;&Sijf yKczhJ ;l aomolonf jzpfaom wPSm? Oyg'gef? t0dZÆmESihf uHwljzpf aocgeD;ü ,ckyif wpfzef&SifjyKae&ouJhodkY aom ocFg& ur®wdkYyifwnf;/ tem*wftusKd; jzpfaejcif;onf uHedrdwfxifjcif;wnf;/ om; 5 yg;um; tem*wft*Fgü Zmwd Z&m r&P &SifjyKpOfu tvSLcH? vSL&ef &SifomraPESihf [l a om *k P f u k d jyxm;ojzih f w&m;uk d , f tokid ;f t0kid ;f wdu Yk dk jyefíjrifae&jcif;onf ur® aumuf a omtcg (*k P f \ wnf & mj'yf u k d edrdwfxifjcif;wnf;/ xkdukokdvfaMumihf a&muf aumuf&ojzihf) txnf ukd,fj'yfjzpfaom &rnhf bkHb0 bkHXme trd0rf;a& ewfAdrmef 0dnmOf? emrf½kyf? oVm,we? zó? a0'em 5 ya'omyif paom tm½kw H u Ykd dk xifjrifae&jcif; yg;wdkYyifwnf;/ 'gaMumihfonf *wdedrdwfxifjcif;wnf;/ þedrdwfwdkYESihf 1/ t0dZÆm wPSm Oyg'gef ocFg& qkdif&m trd0rf;a&twGuf vlYb0? ewfAdrmef ur® (usufxm;yg) [laom twdwftaMumif; twGuf ewfbkHXmeodkY a&muf&jcif;wnf;/ 5 yg;/ olYtouf owfcJhzl;aomolwdkYonf 2/ 0dnmPf emrf½kyf oVm,we vnf ; aocgeD ; ü ,ck y if owf a e&ovk d zó a0'em[laom ypöKyÜeftusKd; 5 yg;/ uHedrdwfxifjcif;/ owfcJhpOfu yg0ifaom 'kwf? 3/ t0dZÆm wPSm Oyg'gef ocFg& "g;? vuf e uf ponh f ur® e d r d w f x if j cif ; / ur® [laom ypöKyÜeftaMumif; 5 yg;/ xkdtukodkvfuHaMumihf a&muf&rnfh i&Jtkd;? 4/ 0dnmPf emrf½kyf oVm,we i&Jxdef;? i&JrD;vQH? acG;eufBuD; paom *wd zó a0'em [laom tem*wftusKd; 5 yg;ed r d w f x if j cif ; / þok H ; rsKd ; xJ u wpf r sKd ; rsKd ; aygif; jcif;&m 20 jzpfawmh\/ xifckduf aoaomolonfvnf; xkdtukokdvf (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf / ) q&mawmf O D ; eE´ edrdwftm;avsmfpGm raumif;aomb0 bkHXme (rEÅ a v;) odkY a&muf&avawmh\/


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"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/

oD v ud k r zsuf touf u d k o mpG e f Y a wmf r l c J h a om

anmifav;yifawm&q&mawmfbk&m;BuD; OD;t&d, (t*¾r[my@dw) (1886- 1952) Munf v G i f

aus;Zl;awmf&iS f anmifav;yifawm& q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;onf oufawmftm;jzihf (67) ESpf? 0gawmftm;jzihf (47) 0gwdkYywfvHk; omoemawmfjrwfBu;D \tusKd ;udk olrwlatmif o,fy;kd &Guaf qmifawmfrcl &hJ m y&d,wåo d moem bufrSmvnf; wynhfwyef;&[ef;omraP y&dowfrsm;rSm rsm;pGmay:xGef;jzpfajrmufMu vsuf wpfqihfomoemjyKí aeMuavNyD/ y#d ywådomoembufwGifvnf; tusihfpcef;wGif txufwef;0ifMuaom wynhf&[ef;oHCmESihf 'um? 'umry&dowfrsm;rSm ra&wGuEf ikd af tmif yif &SdaeacsNyD/ þodkYvQif y&d,wådomoemrQru y#d y wå d o moemawmf u d k y g jyKpk y sd K ;axmif tm;ay;&GufaqmifawmfrlcJhaom aus;Zl;&Sif q&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D \ arG;zGm;&mt&yfa'orSm anmifav;yifNrKd UESifh av;rdik rf Qa0;uGmaom ykZeG f ajrmif;ac: t&yfa'oyifjzpfavonf/ ¤if;t&yf wGif vltaygif;wdkY\ av;pm;cifrifjcif;? ½dkao cefYnm;jcif;udk cH,l&&Sdaom ausmif;q&mBuD; q&macgif? q&muawmf a':a':cufwkdY\ &ifaoG;&wemjzpfaom q&mawmfavmif;vsm uav;udk 1248 ckESpf? jymodkvqef; (2) &uf? 1886 ckESpf 'DZifbmv (26) &uf? we*FaEGaeY wGif zGm;jrifcJhavonf/ xdq k &mawmftavmif;tvsmuav; ES i f h t wl arG ; zG m ;onh f nD t pf u d k a rmif E S r ajcmufa,muf&o dS nf/ ¤if;wkt Yd euf q&mawmf avmif;vsmrSm tBuD;qHk;aom om;OD;&wem jzpfonf/ i,fpOfuyif raumif;rIudkjyK&ef twG u f tvG e f a Mumuf w wf o nf o mru olYpdwfwGifrSefonf[k qHk;jzwfNyD;aomt&m

rSeforQudk raMumufr&GHU &J&J0Hh0HhjyKvkyfwwf ojzihf vlBuD;rdbrsm;yif tHhMopdwf? csD;rGrf;pdwf? aMumuf & G H U pd w f r sm;jzpf M u&ayonf / xd k Y j yif ol\aumif;rGefjrihfjrwfaom nmOfwpfckrSm olwpfyg;\toufudk yk&Gufqdwf? Murf;ydk; paom owå 0 gav;rsm;utp rowf j zwf wwf/ olrsm;\Opömudk tyfuav;wpfacsmif;u tp rcdk;r0Sufwwf/ rvdrfraumufwwf/ rSe&f m&J&0J 0hH ahH jymqdw k wfojzihf vlBu;D vlaumif; taygif;trsm;uyif rcsD;usL;bJraeEdkifatmif jzpfavonf/ ausmif;q&mBuD;q&macgif? q&m uawmf a':a':cufwdkYum; acwfynmwwf vl & nf r G e f r sm;jzpf M uí? ynmÓPf r suf p d toihftwifh&Sdolrsm;jzpf&m rdrdwdkY\om;jrwf uav;wpfa,muf omoemawmfwGif xGef; awmufaom aevyrmjzpfvMkd uojzihf ]]y&d,wåd omoemawmfudk av;pm;tm;xkwfawmfrlMu aom oHCmawmfrsm;&Sd&m anmifav;yifNrdKU? awm&ausmif;wku d o f yYkd í Ykd tyfE&HS rl aumif;av pG}} [k awm&ausmif;wku d f yxrq&mawmfb&k m; Bu;D xH tyfEcHS &hJ m (12) ESpt f &G,o f m&Sad o;aom q&mawmfavmif;vsmuav;udk awm&q&m awmfb&k m;ud, k w f ikd f OyZÑm,fjyKí &Sio f mraP b0odkYa&mufatmif ydkYaqmifawmfrlavonf/ q&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D onf q&mawmfavmif;vsm uav;\ tusihfpm&dwåaumif;rGefjrihfjrwf aMumif;udk a&S;,cifuyif Mum;zl;onfomru ol \ ajcvuf t *F g toG i f t jyif t rl t &mud k jrif½HkESihfyif Oy"d\aumif;rGefjrihfjrwfjcif;udk odESihfNyD;jzpfí t&d,mwdkY pGefYypfaxG;teftyf aom raumif;rI'kp½dkufwdkYudk rjyKvkyfwwfol jzpfí t&d,mESihfwlaomaMumihf olYudkt&d, [lí ac:&rnf[k rdefYawmfrlavonf/ &Sift&d,onf yifudkuyif o'¨g w&m;&Sdolwpfa,mufjzpf&m ,ckuJhodkY olawmf aumif;rsm;\ajymqdq k ;kH roHrsm;udk aeYpOfaeYwidk ;f Mum;odawGUjrifae&ojzihf ol\rD;cJjymzHk;jzpfí aeaom o'¨ g w&m;"mwf c H r D ; cJ u av;onf wpfaeYxufwpfaeY wpfvxufwpfvqdkovdk xG e f ; awmuf a jymif v uf í vmonf j zpf & m

omoemhabmifwGif vGefpGmaysmfarGUonfomr u y&d,wådomoem? y#dywådomoemwdkYudk pGr;f pGr;f wrHtm;xkwv f akd om pdwq f E´vv YkH 0D&, d rsm; xif&Sm;pGmay:aygufívmavawmhonf/ xdkodkYtm;xkwfvdkaom qE´vHkYv0D&d,rsm;pGm ay:aygufvmonhftwdkif; yxrawm&q&m awmfxH ygVd? t|uxm? #Dum? okwf? 0denf;? tbd"r®m? *E¦E&Å usr;f *eft00wdu Yk kd oif,al vh usuaf qmif&u G af ygufa&mufwwfajrmufNy;D om; jzpfíaeavNyD/ &Sift&d,onf &[ef;jyK&eftwGuf toufvnf;apha&muf? usrf;*efyd#uwfvnf; ESHYpyfaygufa&mufwwfajrmufawmfrlNyD;jzpf&m &[ef;jzpfvdkaomo'¨gw&m;wdkYrSm wzGm;zGm; ay:aygufvsuf&SdacsNyD/ crnf;awmf? r,fawmf jzpfMuaom q&macgifESifh a':a':cufwdkYonf vnf; rdrdwkdY\om;uav;wpfa,muf txGwf txdyfodkYa&muf&eftwGuf wdwfwdwfykef;0rf; ajrmufMuvsuf txl;yifBuKd ;pm;aeMuonfom ru pdwEf v S ;kH at;csr;f í &Tiv f ef;0rf;ajrmufMu rnfrSm ,HkrSm;zG,fr&Sday/ þodkYvQif omoem awmfwGif oDv? orm"d? ynmt&mrSm olrwl atmif xl;cRefrGefjrwfrnhf omraPuav; wpfyg;jzpfaMumif;udk BudKwifod&Sdxm;NyD;jzpf aom awm&q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;onf vuf½Hk; wpfqltm;udk;tm;xm;jyK&rnfh wynhfuav; &Sift&d,twGuf ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufjcif;jzpf vsuf jrefrmEdkifiHawmfatmuf? txufwGif &[EÅmwpfql[k ysHUESHUausmfMum;awmfrlaom bkef;awmfBuD; OD;oDvax&fudk yifhzdwfvsuf OyZÑm,f j yKvk y f a wmf r l & ef a vQmuf x m;&m bke;f awmfBu;D OD;oDvonf &Sit f &d,udk OyZÑm,f jyKí &[ef ; tjzpf o d k Y csD ; ajr§ m uf a wmf r l & m &Sit f &d,tjzpfrS OD;t&d,tjzpfoYkd a&mufawmf rlavonf/ &Sit f &d,&[ef;tjzpfoaYkd &mufaom aeYum; 1267-ckESpf? wydkYwGJvqef; (2) &uf? 1906 ckESpf? azazmf0g&Dv (9) &ufaeYjzpf\/ &[ef;jzpf&mae&mXmeum; anmifav;yifNrdKU awm&ausmif;wdkuf oDv0daom"eDrnfaom odraf wmfBu;D jzpfavonf/ OyZÑm,fq&mawmf


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/ um; bk e f ; awmf B uD ; OD ; oD v ax&f t &S i f j rwf jzpf&m odrftrnf? OyZÑm,fq&mtrnfESihf &[ef ; avmif ; trnf r sm;rS m vG e f p G m yif vdu k af vsmvSojzihf OD;t&d,rSm omoemawmf wGif aetaxmif vtaxmifuJhodkY xif&Sm; ausmf M um;rnh f t wd w f e d r d w f r sm;yif j zpf a v onf/ þodkYvQif &Sift&d,onf OD;t&d, [laom bGJUrnf&nfodkYa&mufNyD;aemuf awm& q&mawmfbk&m;ESihf bkef;awmfBuD;OD;oDvwdkY\ ajcawmf&if;wGif y&d,wfEiS q hf ikd &f menf;aumif; emaumif;? edosaumif;? tusihfy#dywfESihf qdik &f m enf;aumif; emaumif; edosaumif;rsm; udk tmp&d,rk|v d ufuikd &f &Sad tmif ,lawmfrNl y;D vQif rd r d \ q&m&if ; rsm;jzpf a wmf r l M uaom awm&q&mawmfb&k m;ESifh bke;f awmfBu;D OD;oDv ax&fwdkY\ tyfESHawmfrlcsuft& rEÅav;NrdKU r[m0do'k g¨ ½Hw k u kd ?f a&Tusiw f u kd Bf u;D \OD;pD;Ouú| jzpfawmfrlaom aus;Zl;&Sif 0dok'¨g½Hkq&mawmf bk&m;Bu;D \ ajcawmf&if;wGif omoemawmfEiS fh qkid &f m enf;aumif;emaumif; edosaumif;rsm; udk &SmrSD;avhvmawmfrlcJhavonf/ aus;Zl;&Sifr[m0dok'¨g½Hkq&mawmf bk&m;BuD;\ajcawmf&if;rS aeenf;? xdkifenf;? usihfBuHtm;xkwfenf;? pmayydkYcsoifjyenf;? wynh f y &d o wf t k y f c sKyf a rG ; jrLenf ; paom enf;aygif;ajrmufjrm;pGmwdu Yk kd &&Sad wmfrcl o hJ jzihf omoemawmfwiG f omoemhA[kow k jynh0f ayg rsm;aom &[ef ; awmf O D ; t&d , tjzpf o d k Y a&mufawmfral vonf/ &[ef;awmfO;D t&d,onf r[m0do'k g¨ ½Hq k &mawmfb&k m;Bu;D xHwiG f ynm&ifEaYkd omuf pdkYNyD;í rdrd\q&m&if;jzpfaom anmifav;yif NrdKU awm&q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;xH jyefa&muf vmNyD ; i,f ? vwf ? BuD ; wef ; rsm; ajzqd k atmif j rif u m pmcsq&mawmf t jzpf aqmif&GufawmfrlcJhavonf/ yxrq&mawmf bk&m;BuD;ESifh 'kwd,q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;rsm; ysHvGefawmfrl NyD;aemuf (10) 0gajrmufwGif anmifav;yif awm&wkdufBuD;ü OD;pD;em,u q&mawmftjzpfjzihf wm0ef,lum aqmif&Guf awmfrlvsuf oHCmawmf (100) ausmfESifh vl'g,um? 'g,dumrwdkY\ wm0efudk vHk;0 cH,Nl y;D vQif qH;k rMo0g'ay;í omoemawmf\ tusdK;udk o,fydk;&GufaqmifcJhavonf/ xdkpOftcgu awm&wdkufBuD;wGif oHCm (100) (150) rQwu Ykd kd rNiKd rjiifryifryef; apbJ qGr;f ? ouFe;f ? ausmif;? aq;? ypön;f av;

yg;wdkYjzihf &SmazGyHhaxmufcsD;ajr§mufawmfrlvsuf y&d,wåo d moemawmfjrwfBu;D udk jrefrmjynfwiG f txufwef;xdyfqHk;jzpfatmif aqmif&Guftm; xkwfawmfrlcJhavonf/ xdktcg tpdk;& yxr jyef pmar;yG J ü atmuf e ,f w pf c G i f w G i f anmifav;yifawmf&wdkufBuD;avmuf i,f? vwf? BuD;toD;oD;0,f tatmifrsm;aomwdkuf r&Sdoavmufjzpfí atmufjrefrmjynftwGuf pmar;yGJavmuwGif emrnftBuD;qHk;aomwdkuf BuD;wpfwdkufjzpfcJhavonf/ xdkodkYtatmifrsm; jcif;onfvnf; q&mawmfOD;t&d,\ vHkYv0D&d ,ESihf oifjyydcYk syekH nf;pepfwaYkd umif;rGev f aS om aMumifhjzpfavonf/ q&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D onf ausmif;wku d f BuD;udk tkyfcsKyfonfrSpí aeY0gn0gydkYcsumjzihf vnf;aumif;? w&m;tm;xkwf tvkyfpcef;jzihf vnf;aumif;? oHCmawmfrsm;ESihfwynhf'um? 'umrsm;tm; w&m;"r®a[majymjyoqdkqHk;r aomtm;jzihv f nf;aumif; omoemawmftusKd ; ud k o,f y d k ; &G u f a qmif a wmf r l c J h & aomf v nf ; tm;&wif;wdrfawmfrljcif;r&Sday/ þrQomruao; anmifav;yifNrdKU e,f? a&Tusi*f P kd ;f pmjyefyXJG mewGif a&Tusief , d m ,Ouú| r[mem,utjzpfjzihf aqmif&u G af wmf rl&m anmifav;yif a&Tusif*dkPf;BuD;rSm txl; yif wdk;wufzGHUNzdK;xGef;vif;awmufyvSojzihf e,ftwGif;&Sd 'um? 'umrrsm;rSm vGefrif;pGm 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfMu&onfomru a&Tusif *dP k ;f Bu;D ESifh q&mawmfO;D oDv\ awm&*dP k ;f Bu;D ESpfckudk **Fga&ESihf ,rkefema& a&maESmouJhodkY a&maES m NyD ; vQif awm&a&T u sif * d k P f ; BuD ; ud k wdk;wufBuD;yGm;atmif apmifha&Smufxdef;odrf; awmfrlcJhojzihf rEÅav;NrdKU A[dk0efaqmifq&m awmfrsm;ESihf e,ftoD;oD;&Sd a&Tusif*dkPf;0denf; pmjyefXmetaygif;wdkYrS r[mem,u *Pkuú| q&mawmfoHCmawmfrsm;\ csD;usL;axmrem jcif;udk cH,l&ayonf/ anmifav;yifawm&q&mawmfb&k m; BuD;onf atmufygusrf;pmtkyf (16) tkyfudk a&;om;awmfrcl NhJ y;D ? a&;om;qJusr;f rsm;rSmvnf; (10) usrf;rQavmuf&Sdayonf/ 1/ a'G rmwd u mt&omES ih f 0d e, aumov’usrf;/ 2/ tvuFmt&om 3/ *kPfawmft&om 4/ bm0emt&om 5/ y#dpöorkyÜg'ftajcjyK 6/ OygoumvufoHk;

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7/ 0dok'¨dr*ft&om 8/ ur®0guHaqmiftcef; (20) 9/ oN*ØK[ft&om 10/ owdy|meft&om 11/ r[m"r®pMumt&om 12/ uxdeft&om 13/ y#dpöorkyÜg'ft&om 14/ bkef;awmfBuD;OD;oDvax½kyÜwåd 15/ 0denf;ig;usrf;t&om (r½dkuf& ao;) 16/ qef;t&om (r½dkuf&ao;) q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;onf q|o*Fg ,emyGJawmfBuD;wGif Mo0g'gp&d,q&mawmf tjzpf aqmif&GufawmfrlcJhavonf/ q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;tm; tpdk;&u t*¾r[my@dwbGUJ wHqyd af wmfuv kd nf;aumif;? rEÅav;NrdKU? y&d,wådomoe[dwousoD[ toif;Bu;D u ouso[ D rlv"r®mp&d,bGUJ wHqyd f awmfuv kd nf;aumif; qyfuyfvLS 'gef;cJah vonf/ þodv Yk Qif aus;Zl;&Siq f &mawmfb&k m; Bu;D onf awm&a&Tusi*f P kd ;f omoemESiq hf ikd &f m omoemhudpöt00udk tm;oGefBudK;yrf;aqmif &GufawmfrlaeqJtcsdeftcgwGif avief;a&m*g pGJuyfojzihf wynhf'g,um? 'g,dumrrsm;\ avQmufxm;awmif;yefcsufjzihf &efukefNrdKU? jynfolYaq;½HkBuD;odkYwufa&mufí txl;cef;ü oDwif;oH;k awmfrv l suu f o k cJ&h m yxrESi'hf w k , d tBudrfwGifaysmufuif;csrf;omcJhaomfvnf;? wwd,tBudrfajrmufwGifrl txl;ukq&m0ef BuD ; rsm;ES i h f wynh f o H C m'um? 'umrrsm; 0dkif;0ef;ukoMuyfrwfapmifha&Smuf,k,jyKpkMu aomfvnf; avief;a&m*grSm qkwf,kwfjcif;r&Sd bJ wd;k Nrw J ikd ;f wd;k vm&m aemufq;kH wGif vufajc rsm;rQvIyfEdkifaomfvnf; yg;pyfurl ra[m rajymEdkifaomtajcodkYa&muf&SdvsufaeacsNyD/ xdt k cg wynho f C H m? 'um? 'umr rsm;yg 0rf;enf;aMuuGiJ ykd q JG ifMuvsuf q&mawmf bk & m;BuD ; \ *k P f a wmf a us;Zl ; awmf r sm;ud k atmufarhNyD;vQif oem;pzG,fjzpfíaeaom q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;udkom Munhf½Izl;ajrmfí aeMu&ayawmh o nf / q&m0ef B uD ; rsm;ES i h f tapmiht f a&Smufq&mrBu;D rsm;um; oem;jcif; u½kPm? MunfndKjcif;o'¨gESihf a&maESmaom arwåmpdwfjzihf q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;a&m*grS xajrmufEdkif&eftwGuf txl;*½kpdkufMuonf jzpfí naeapmif;tcgwGif tpmr&Sdojzihf tiftm;avsmhyg;ukefcef;íaeaom q&mawmf pmrsuf E S m 35 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

34

"r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ awmfrí l tmPma'oem yg#d[m&d,? tEkom oeD yg#d[m&d,jzihfvnf;aumif; £'¨dyg#d[m &d,? tEkomoeDyg#d[m&d,jzihfvnf;aumif; tpOfwdkif; qkH;rawmfrlvkdufNyD; &[ef;wdkYukd aumif;uifc&D;jzihf ac:aqmifoGm;avonf/ xkdowif;ukd &Sifa'0'wfMum;vQif Mum;csif; xkdae&müyif avmavmylaom aoG; pdrf;onf cHwGif;rS ysKdUtefav\/ &Sifa'0'wf onfvnf; ukd;vywfvkH; rusef;rrm a&m*g pG J u yf í aocgeD ; umvü jrwf p G m bk & m;uk d zl;ajrmfv\ dk / wynfw h o Ykd nf yxrawmh vku d rf ydYk &Jacs/ aemufrS &Sifa'0'wfu txyfxyf awmif;yefí anmifapmif;ESihfwifum vkdufykdY Mu\/ a'0'wfvmonfo h wif;ukd &[ef;wdYk u jrwf p G m bk & m;tm; avQmuf a omtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u cspfom;&[ef;wdkY igbk&m;tm; a'0'wf o nf cE¨ m uk d , f j zih f zl ; jrif j cif ; iS m r&ayvwåHU[k rdefYqkdav\/ a'0'wfukd xrf;aqmifívmukef aomolwo Ykd nf aZw0efausmif;awmfa&uef\ uef a bmif ü anmif a pmif ; uk d c sí a&qif ; csKd;Mu\/ a'0'wfonfvnf; anmifapmif;rS xí ajcESpfbufukd ajrBuD;ay:odkYcsxm;pOf xkdajcESpfbufonf ajrBuD;xJokdY 0ifukef\/ &Sifa'0'wfonf tpOftwdkif; zrsufrSpí vnfyif;wkid af tmif0ifum ar;½k;d onf ajrod0Yk if qJqJaomumvü]]£ar[d t|D[d wr*¾yk*¾vH? a'0gwda'0H e&'r®om&xd? orEÅpu©KH owyknvu©PH? yg'au[d Ak'¨H o&PH *awmod®/ rsm;pGmxkdxkd yk*¾Kdvftaygif;wdkYxuf txl;ojzihf jrwfaomyk*¾Kdvfjzpfxaom ewf wumwdkYxuf jrwfaom ewfjrwfjzpfawmfrlx aom vlewfwdkYukd ewf&GmodkYa&mufatmif ydkYaqmifqkH;rjcif;ü &xm;xdef;ozG,f jzpfawmf rlxaom xuf0ef;usifukd t<uif;r&Sd odjrif jcif;iSm pGrf;Ekdifaom oAÁnKwÓPf&Sdawmfrlx aom t&mru rsm;jym;vSaom bkef;vu©Pm ESihfjynhfpkHawmfrlxaom xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;ukd igonf þt½kd;wdkYjzihfvnf;aumif;? þtouf wdjYk zihv f nf;aumif; uk;d uG,&f m[lí uyfa&muf aomolonf jzpfyg\bk&m;/ &Sifa'0'wfBuD;onf ESvkH;oGif;om rSefcJhrnfqkdvQif..../ xG e f ; awZm usrf;ukd;- "r®y'

pmrsuf E S m 33 rS bk&m;BuD;tm; vbuf&nfaomuf&ef? aumfzD aomuf&ef? qefjyKwfaomuf&ef avQmufxm; Muojzihf atmufygrSwo f m;p&mpum;yd'k u f av; udk pm&Gufwpf&GufwGif rEdkihfwEdkifa&;í wynhf oHCm? 'um? 'umrrsm;tm; qH;k rawmfrcl ahJ v onf/ ]]Ed k ifiif Hawmftpdk;&\ trIxrf;rsm; onf tpd k ; &\Oya'ud k wpf o a0rwd r f ; vkdufemusihfBuHMu&onf/ xdkYtwl jrwfpGm bk & m;\wynh f o m;jzpf M uaom omoem awmf x rf ; &[ef ; omraPrsm;onf v nf ; bk&m;&Sif\ Oya'o 0denf; a'oemawmf ud k vk d u f e m&ayonf / txuf y gq&mawmf b k & m;BuD ; \ qHk;rawmfrlaompum;onf tvGefav;euf aom pum;jzpfayonf/ q&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D \ qdkvdk&if;rSm wynhfwdkYum; tpdk;&trIxrf;rsm; jzpfonht f m;avsmpf mG tpd;k &\ Oya'pnf;urf; udk vkdufemMuvsufauR;MuarG;Muaomfvnf; q&mawmfwdkYum; bk&m;&Sif\0denf;Oya'udk vdkufem &olrsm;jzpfí aerGef;vGJaomtcg rpm;Edik o f jzihf 0rf;enf;zG,fjzpfaMumif;ajymqdk vdkaom pum; jzpfayonf/ q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;onf b*Fgbdrkc (aoayguf a o0)od k Y a &muf a eonf ) jzpf í aoab;ESit fh awmfe;D uyfvsu&f adS csNy/D tiftm; vnf; tawmfyifavsmhenf;qkwf,kwfvsuf &SdacsNyD/ wynhf'um'umrrsm;vnf; rsuf&nf awG pD & &D tvD v D u sqif ; vsuf 0rf ; enf ; yufvufjzpfí aeacsNyD/ xdktcgrSmyif owd aumif;vsu&f adS eao;aomq&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D onf.. ]]þud k , f ü rm- yx0D ? &ih f awaZm? zG J U - tmayg? axmuf - 0ga,m [l a om "mwf B uD ; av;yg;\ rnD ñ G w f r I aMumif h q&m\þcE¨ m ud k , f B uD ; onf þuJ h o d k Y j zpf a eonf u d k w&m;,l M uay

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awmh } } [k aemuf q H k ; a&;om;a[mMum; awmfrcl ahJ yao;onf/ wynho f C H m'um? 'umr rsm;\tusdK;udk þrQyif&GufaqmifoGm;awmfrl aomaus;Zl;&Sifq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;ygwum;/ q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;onf þodkYa&; om;a[mMum;awmfrlNyD;aemuf rMumrDrSmyif 1314 ckESpf? 0gacgifvqef; (14) &uf? 1952 ckESpf Mo*kwfv (4) &uf? n (7) em&D (40) rdepftcsdefwGif wynhfoHCm 'um? 'umrrsm; \ tusd K ;ES i h f o moema&;ud p ö t 00wd k Y u d k rsuf E S m vT J a wmf r l v suf 0gawmf (47)0g? oufawmf (67)ESpw f iG f b0ewfxyH sv H eG af wmfrl cJhavonf/ txl;ukq&m0efBuD;rsm;ESifh wynhf &[ef;'g,um? 'g,dumrwdkYu vufzuf&nf? qefjyKwf ponfhtm[m&rsm;udk rGef;vGJcsdefjzpf vihu f pm; oufawmf&iS af &;twGuf rS0D aJ wmfryl g &ef tBudrfBudrfOD;ESdrf½dkusdK;&Sdcdk;awmif;yefcJhMu aomfvnf; bk&m;Oya'awmfBuD;udkum; rcsdK; azmuf? toufomtaocHawmfrloGm;onhf q&mawmf b k & m;BuD ; \ Munf n d K OD ; cd k u f z G , f oDv*kPfudk pma&;q&m'g½dkufwmq&mBuD; OD;okcu pDpOfñeT Mf um;Ny;D 'g½du k w f mq&marmif ES i f ; rd k ; u &[ef ; rpm;&aom qG r f ; wpf e yf trnfjzifh ½kyfjrifoHMum;Zmwfum;½dkuful;NyD; jrefrmh½kyfoHrS tBudrfBudrfxkwfvGihfjyocJh&m xdk½kyfoHZmwfum;udk Munhf½IMu&aom ½kyfoH y&dowfrsm;rSm q&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D udk MunfnKd rqHk;jzpfcJhMuavonf/ (þaqmif ; yg;ud k anmif a v;yif awm&q&mawmf b k & m;BuD ; OD ; t&d , \ 0d o k ' ¨ d r*f t &&ompmtk ompmtk y f E S i h f pma&;q&m 'g½dkufwm q&mBuD ;OD ;OD;okcpDpOfñTefMum;NyD; 'g½dkufwm armifESif;rdk;½dkuful;aom &[ef; rpm;&aom qG r f ; wpf eyf rpm;&aomqG e yf½ k y f o H Zmwf v rf ; wd k Y r S aumuf E Iwf w fa &;om;ygonf / ) Munf v G i f

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"r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg; &[ef;&Sifvltm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

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/ 5.3.2011 paeaeY? / nae (6;00) em&DrS (8;00) em&Dtxd?


DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS "r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/

37

toD;t&Gufpm; tm;&Sdonfh ES,f cifoZl mjrihf

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

38

"r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfonf/

vlynm&Sdwdkh\ pum;cGef;rsm; &J a bmf r sKd ; ñT e f Y (ooe)

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csufjzpf\/ aq;enf;ukd tvGwfusufrSwf½kHrQ a&m*gaysmufuif;onf[lí r&Sdaumif;? odkY&m wGif þavmuü aq;enf;ukd tvGwfusuf rSw½f rHk QEiS fh a&m*gaysmufuif;onf[k xifou l rsm;av\/ (OD;a&Tatmif\ ax&0g'tkwfjrpfrS) yDr kd;eif ; eD w d rS urÇmay:ü rsm;pGm&Ekid af om pnf;pdrf OpömwdkYonf tenf;i,frQaom olwdkYxHwGif pkykHaeorQ umvywfvkH; vlwdkY\pdwfrSm ppfukd omru urÇmysufzkdYukd awmihfwMuayrnf/ urÇmay:rSm ppfrufa&;&m rjzpf atmifvkyfenf;rSm vufeufavsmhjcif;r[kwf? vufeufawGrvkyb f J aejcif;r[kw?f wdik ;f jynfü qif;&Jom;taygif; tvkyform;taygif;wdkY ausauseyfeyf csr;f csr;f omom&SMd uzdYk enf;vrf; ukd &SmBuHtyfjcif; jzpfavonf/ olaX;jrefjref jzpfvkdvQif jrefjrefqif;&Jwwf\/ ok w å H u srf ; vmpum;pk x J r S aiGonf vdkcsifp&m &wemwpfrsKd; jzpf\/ wyfrufp&mypön;f wpfrsK;d jzpf\/ ,pfr;l p&mvlYtokH;taqmifwpfckjzpfonf/ aiGvkd csiaf omolonf aiG&vQif tvGeo f abmus\/ ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufí aiGcifol? rmefwufol onf rdrdykdifaiGaMu;qkH;½IH;ysufpD;&aomtcg jrm;pl ; cH & aomol u J h o d k Y tvG e f q if ; &J ' k u © a&mufav\/ aiGonf tm;wpfw;Hk uJo h Ykd trsm;qkid f ypönf;jzpfí &efolrsm;\/ jrufajcmufrD;onf ukdifxm;oltm; avmifNrKdufwwfouJhodkY aiG onf ykid q f idk o f t l m; 'kua© y;wwf\/ aiGyidk q f idk f &onhf umvonf tdrfruf ruf&aomtcg uJhodkY tvGefwdkawmif;\/ cPwmrQomjzpf \/ olwpfyg;ypönf;ukd tiSm;ukdif&ouJhodkY acwå,m,Domjzpf\/ þuJo h Ykd owd&&dS jdS zihf aiGurdk wyfruf/ a`rq G ;dk \OD;acgif;ukd ajcaxmufjzihf rxdrad tmif a&SmifouJhodkY aiGudka&Smifav/ xkdvlrsKd;onf þavmu&Sd taESmiftzGJU[lorQukd ausmfvGef Ekdif\/ aiGrufveG ;f olonf avmbBu;D rnf/ a'goBuD;vm\/ rmeBuD;vm\/ remvkd0efwkd pdwfrsm;vm\/ t&Sufr&Sdjzpfvm\/ xkdvlrsKd;

onf r[kwfwmukd vkyfvm\/ r[kwfwmukd ajymvm\/ r[kwfwmukd BuHpnfvm\/ ewf w vif ; cspf v G i f a &; EG , f o muD * sme,f 9-11-2009? twGJ 1? trSwf 12 rSwu,fawmh rnfonhaf cwftcgwGif jzpfap tmPm&Sdol? MoZm&Sdol? vkyfydkifcGihf &Sdolrsm;0ef;usifwGif &if;ESD;olaum r&if;EDS;& ao;olrsm;yg uyfyg; &yfyg; rsufESmcsKdaoG;í csOf;uyfavh&SdMuonfcsnf;jzpfonf/ trsm;pk jzpfonf/ xkdolrsm;onf odu©mukd &du©mjzihf vJ&ef tqifoihfjzpfaeolrsm;/ rmeukd c0gcs olrsm;? 'l;axmufvufajr§muf&ef 0efrav;Mu olrsm;? ukd,fhorkdif;aMumif; ukd,fMuufajccwf olrsm;yifjzpfonf/ avmu"r® w m (t&S i f e E´ 0 H o - a&pBuKd ) ihg&JUxHrSm? &mxl;*kPf0g? Opöm&Sdwkef;? tNyK;H uk, d pf ?D csKMd unfrsuEf mS ? wDwmwmeJ?Y ighqD vmMu? ,l oGm;Mu/ ihg&JUxHrSm? &mxl;*kPf0g? Opömr&Sd? &So d nhaf e&m? igoGm;&m0,f? rsuEf mS a[mif;rsm;? rIH0g;&Da0? awGae tMunhf? rodovdk? awGa0 ai;ae? ihgrdwfaqG vmbfa`cG&H&? csD;rGrf;Mu okc0rf;omNrJ/ xkdav;rsKd;rS? ajymif;jyefus avmu0rf;enf;Nr/J avmu"r®? a&Smifr& rkcsawGU&NrJ/ a'guf w marmif a rmif ( uG , f ) twG u f (2.7.94) ZeD ; a':cif j rih f rd o m;pk trS w f w & ywf 0 ef ; usif w G i f w&m;ysuf j cif ; ? rrQwjcif ; ? tajymES ih f t vk y f r uk d u f n D j cif ; ? avmb? a'go? rmefrmexm;jcif; ponfwdkY tenf;ESihftrsm;awGUjrif cHpm;ae&vQifxl;qef;raeygESihf? arQmfvifhxm;yg? pdwfrnpfygESihf? apwemrysufygESihf/ rdrdukd,fwkdif rysufygESihf? ysufolawGukdom oem;yg/ &J a bmf r sKd ; ñT e f Y ( ooe)


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

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(Ovl u Zmwf ) urÇmOD;u vlwdkYrSm tpnf;ta0;usif;yum/ ]]½kyq f if;t*Fgwihw f ,fjcif;}}? ]] tusihfoDvjynfhpHkjcif;?}} olYudka&G;cs,fwifajr§muf ]]rif;}}/ awmwGif;aysmfwJh owå0g? ajcav;acsmif;wdkY pka0;um/ olwdkY[mvnf; awG;ajrmfaxmuf? jcaoFhBuD;udk bk&ifajrmuf/ xdkYaemuf wpfcgork'´&m a&wGifusufpm; ig;awG[m/ ]]tmeE´m}} trnf&? ig;udk bk&ifwifajr§mufMu/ [dr0EÅmwpfae&m? iSufwdkYonfvnf; pka0;um/ tm;vHk;rSm toD;oD; bk&ifrif;udk wifajr§mufNyD;/ igwdkYcsnf;yJ usefawmhwm? bk&ifwifajr§mufa&G;zdkY&m/ BuHq&SmazGBudKufESpfouf awG;ygNyDav cifykwfiSuf/ us,fuef;uGufw,fonfiSufudk iSufrif;tjzpfrxm;vdk/ pum;qdkwJharmifa&TusD;? taMumif;jycsufu þodkYwnf;/ a'goBuD;wJhonfiSuf[m? trsufxGufu aMumufp&m/ onftcgMunhfrdu igwdkYtm;vHk;cHpm;&/ tdkufuif;ylu qm;ES,fyhg/ igwdkYtm;vHk; ysufpD;&/ EIwfuatmfvsuf tcgcg? rESpfoufaMumif; olqdkum/ xysyH gaumif;uifeef; cifykwfaemufu vkdufízrf;/ Zmwfodrf;cef;u onfvdkyg? a&T[oFmu ]]rif;}} jzpfum/

rwnfhyg wu,hf&efbuf us;D eJY cifyw k if u S /f / ypö K yÜ e f 0 w¦ K tcgwpfyg; jrwfpmG bk&m;&Si?f aZw 0efausmif;awmfü? oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf ,ckOvlu Zmwfudka[mMum;awmfrljcif;jzpfonf/ xdktcgu usD;ESihfcifykwfiSufwdkYonf rwnhMf u/ aeYtcgwGif us;D wdo Yk nf cifyw k if u S f wdt Yk m; wdu k cf u kd \ f / nbufwiG u f m; cifyw k w f Ykd onf tdyaf ysmaf eaomus;D wd\ Yk vnfyif;udjk ywf apí toufukefjcif;udkjzpfap\/ wpfaeYwGif wHjrufp;D vSaJ eaom&[ef;wpfyg;onfvnf;aumif;? wHjrufpnf;vSaJ eaomae&mü? aoG;tvdr;f vdr;f jzihfNyD;aom usD;iSufwdkY\OD;acgif;udkawGU&\/ xdktaMumif;udk w&m;obifü tcsif;csif;ajym qdkaeMu\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif<uvmNyD; &[ef; wdkYtm; rnfonhftaMumif;&Sdoenf;[kar;&m? &[ef;wdkYu usD;ESihfcifykwfwdkY\taMumif;jzpf aMumif;udk avQmufxm;\/ xdt k cg Ak'&¨ iS af wmf bk&m;u usD;ESihfcifykwfiSufwdkYonf ,cktcgrS om &efbufjzpfMuonfr[kwf? urÇmOD;tpu wnf;ujzpfaMumif;udkajymjy&if;? ,ck ]Ovlu} Zmwfudka[majymawmfrljcif;jzpfygonf/ twd w f \ t&d y f a&S;tcgurÇmOD;u vlwo Ykd nf tcsi;f csif;pka0;wdkifyifMuí? ¤if;wdkYtay:tkyfcsKyf&ef ]]rif;}} ukda&G;cs,fMu\/ ½kyftqif;t*FgESifh jynfhpkHNyD; tusifh oDvaumif;rGeaf om olwpfO;D ukd ¤if;wk\ Yd rif; tjzpf vltrsm;u wnDwñGwfwnf; a&G;cs,f wifajr§mufvkdufMu\/ awmwGif;üvnf; awmaeajcav; acsmif;owå0gwkdYonf pka0;wkdifyifí jcaohF tm; ]]rif;}}tjzpf wifajr§mufvdkufMu\/ yif v ,f o rk ' ´ & m&S d a&aeowå 0 g ig;taygif;uvnf; tm;vHk;\oabmwlrIudk &,lí tmeE´trnf&Sdig;udk? ¤if;wdkY\ ]]rif;}} tjzpfa&G;cs,w f ifajrm§ ufvu kd Mf uonf/ xdt k cg iSuw f \ Ykd tay:tkycf sKyf ]]rif;}} vkyrf nhf ]]iSurf if;}} [lír&Sdao;/ xdkYaMumihf iSufwdkYonf tjcm; tjcm;aom owå0grsm;ü? ¤if;wdu Yk t dk yk cf sKyrf nhf ]]rif;}} [lonfukd a&G;cs,Nf y;D MuNy/D igwdüYk ]]rif;}}

[lonf r&Sdao;[k pOf;pm;rdMuNyD;? iSufbk&if tjzpfa&G;cs,f&eftwGuf [dr0EÅmwpfae&m&Sd ausmufjzmBuD;wpfckxufüpka0;wkdifyifMu\/ xdktcgiSuftrsm;onf cifykwfiSufudk ESpfouf oabmusojzihf rif;avmif;tjzpfa&G;cs,f vkdufMuonf/ xdkYaMumihf wpfaumifaomiSuf onf tpnf;ta0;wdx Yk ;kH pHt& cifyw k if u S t f m; ]]iSufwdkY\bk&if}} tjzpf wifajr§muf&efoabm wlrwl tpnf;ta0;&SdiSuftm;vHk;udk oHk;Budrf oHk;cgar;&rnfí cifykwfiSuftm; oabmwl ygvm;[k yxrtBudrfar;\/ y&dowfqDrS wnDwñGwfwnf; oabmwl aMumif;tajzudk &\/ 'kwd,tBudrfxyfar;&m yxruJhodkYyif tajz&\/ wwd , tBud r f a r;aomtcgürl usD ; wpf a umif u xíuef Y u G u f a vonf / cifykwfiSufonf a'goBuD;aomiSuf jzpf\/ xkid u S t f rsux f u G af omtcgwGiu f m; tvGeyf if aMumufzG,faumif;vS\/ ¤if;a'go trsuf acsmif;acsmif;xGufaeaomtcgwGif oGm;í Munhfrdacsu tvGefylaomtdk;uif;ylwGif;odkY txnhfcH&aom qm;yrmcHpm;&vdrhfrnf[k cifykwfiSuftaMumif; raumif;ajymNyD;aomf? wcsdK;wnf;xíjyefoGm;avonf/ iSufbk&if tjzpf vsmxm;jcif ; cH & aomiS u f o nf ¤if ; ]]bk&if}} rjzpf&efvma&mufyGJzsufaomusD;\ aemufoYkd wpf[ek x f ;kd ajy;vku d í f oGm;avonf/ xkdtcgrSpí usD;ESihf cifykwfiSufonf urÇm&ef jzpfcJhMuavonf/ cifykwfiSufr&Sdaomtcg iSuftrsm;u ]]iSufbk&if}} tjzpf a&T[oFmiSuf udk ]]rif;}} tjzpf a&G;cs,w f ifajrm§ ufvu kd Mf u\/ Zmwf a ygif ; aomf Ak ' ¨ b k & m;&S i f \ w&m;tqHk;ü- w&m;obif&Sd &[ef;rsm;pGm wdkYrSm aomwmywåd zdkvfüwnfMu\/ a&S;tcgu iSuftaygif;wdkY\ bk&if tjzpfa&G;cs,fjcif;cH&aom a&T[oFmiSufrSm wjcm;r[k w f N yD ? ,ck i gbk & m;omwnf ; [k ajymqdkrdefYMum;um Zmwfaygif;awmfrlygonf/ usrf ; ud k ; Ovl u Zmwf ig;&mh i g;q,f Z mwf e d y gwf a wmf (anmif u ef q &mawmf b k & m;) aZmf a emi emif


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udavomjrLuif;í pdk;&drfjcif;r&Sdaomb0odkY wdrf;ñGwfjcif; Gone up in smoke and are no more the griefless state. "r® 0 D & -oEÅ m atmif (tjynf j ynf q k d i f & max&0g'wuú o k d v f )

avmu"r® o k w f (u) ]]&[ef;wd}Yk } þavmu"Hw&m;&Sprf sKd ;wdo Yk nf avmuodYk tpOfvu dk u f ek \ f / avmuonfvnf; þavmu"Hw&m;wdo Yk Ykd tpOfvu dk \ f / tb,fw&m; &SpfrsdK;wdkYenf;[lrlvmbf&rI? vmbfr&rI? tNcHt&H&SdrI? tNcHt&Hr&SdrI? uJh&JUrI? csD;rGrf;rI? csrf;omrI? qif;&JrIwdkYyifwnf;/ þavmu"Hw&m;&SpfrsdK;wdkYonf avmuodkYtpOfvkdufukef\/ avmuonfvnf; þavmu"Hw&m;wdo Yk Ykd tpOfvu dk \ f [k jrwfpmG bk&m; rdefYawmfrl\/ v mbf&rIonfvnf;aumif;? vmbfr&rIonfvnf;aumif;? tNcH t &H & S d r I o nf v nf ; aumif ; ? tNcH t &H r &S d o nf r I v nf ; aumif ; ? uJ h & J U rI o nf v nf ; aumif ; ? csD ; rG r f ; rI o nf v nf ; aumif ; ? csrf ; omrI onfvnf;aumif;? qif;&JrIonfvnf;aumif;? þoabmw&m;wdkY onf vl w d k Y ü tNrJ r &S d u k e f / twnf r &S d u k e f / azmuf j yef a jymif ; vJ wwf a om oabmom&S d u k e f \ / owd E S i f h j ynh f p H k a om ynm&S d o nf xd k w &m;wd k Y u d k o d í azmuf j yef w wf a om oabmwd k Y u d k ÓPf j zih f ½ I q if j cif \ / xd k o d k Y aom ynm&S d \ pd w f u d k tvd k & S d t yf a om avmu"H w &m;wd k Y o nf vnf; racsmufcsm;Edkifukef/ tvdkr&Sdtyfaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkY aMumih f v nf ; pd w f x d c d k u f y if y ef ; jcif ; od k Y r a&muf E d k i f a y/ xdkoltm; pdwfESihfavsmfaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkYonfvnf; aumif;? pdwfESifhqefYusifaom avmu"Hw&m;wdkYonfvnf;aumif; ysuf p D ; NyD ; csKyf a ysmuf N yD ; jzpf í r&S d u k e f / b0\wpf z uf u rf ; od k Y a&mufaomolonf udavomjrLuif;í pdk;&drfjcif;r&Sdaom edAÁmef ud k o d v suf ? b0\wpf z uf u rf ; od k Y a &muf o nf \ tjzpf u d k aumif ; pG m od E d k i f a y\/ avmu"r® o k w f (c) ]]&[ef;wd}Yk } þavmu"Hw&m;&Sprf sKd ;wdo Yk nf avmuodYk tpOfvu dk u f ek \ f / avmuonfvnf; ¤if;w&m;&SpfrsdK;wdkYodkY tpOfvkduf\/ &[ef;wdYk tMum;tjrifr&Sad omykxZk Oftm; ¤if;w&m;&Sprf sKd ;wdYk

Worldly Failing (a) "Monks..." "These eight worldly conditions obsess the world; the world revolves round these eight worldly conditions." What eight? Gain and loss, fame and obscurity, blame and praise, contentment and pain. "Monks, these eight worldly conditions obsess the world, the world revolves round these eight worldly conditions. Gain, loss, obscurity and fame, And censure, praise, contentment, pain– These are man's states– impermanent, Of time and subject unto change. And recognizing these the sage, Alert, discerns these things of change; Fair things his mind ne'er agitate, Nor foul his spirit vex. Gone are Compliance and hostility, Gone up in smoke and are no more. The goal he knows. In measure full He knows the stainless, griefless state. Beyond becoming hath he gone. The same (b) "Monks" These......... (aforesaid) eight worldly conditions obsess the world...... Monks, to the unlearned common average flok come gain, loss, fame, obscurity, blame, praise, contentment, pain. To the learned Ariyan disciple also come gain, loss and so forth. Here then, Monks, what is the distinction, what is the peculiarity of, and what is the difference between the Ariyan disciple and common average folk? Lord, our doctrines have their foundation in the Exalted One, they are guided by the Exalted One, they have the Exalted's One's protection!

pmrsuf E S m 27 ok d Y


DV23-06