Issuu on Google+

oAÁnKjrwfpmG bk&m;ocif\ Ak'Ó ¨ Pfawmf(14)yg; Nidrf;csrf;OD;

b,folaoa o iawrmNyD;a&m oao

oHk;avmuxGwfwif oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;ocif\ xif&Sm;&Sdawmfrlaom Ak'¨ÓPfawmf(14)yg;wkdYudk okwåEÅyd#uck'´uedum, y#dordÇ'gr*¾ ygVdawmfwGif zGihfqdka[mjyawmfrlygonf/ Ak ' ¨ Ó Pf a wmf ( 14)yg;[l o nf r S m pmrsuf E S m 24 ok d Y

rdrdESifhwkduf½dkufywfoufrSom rdrd\cHpm;rIudk jzpfay:apEkdifaomoabmjzpf\/ rdrdonfvlwpfa,muftaejzifh avmutwGif;üaeaomfvnf; avmuwpfckvHk;\aumif;usKd;qkd;jypftwGuf cHpm;&ef rdrdüwm0efr&SdbJ? rdrd\aumif;usKd; qkd;usKd;jypftwGufom cHpm;&efrdrdüwm0ef&Sd\/ xdkYaMumifh pmayrSxkdtjrifrsKd;rQavmufudkom odjrifygvQif xdkvlpm;rsKd;onf ]]b,folaoao iawrmNyD;a&m} [laom vlpm;rsKd;om jzpfayvdrfhrnf/ ]r[kwfygbl;} [lí vSyacsiHaom ynm&Sdpum;vHk;rsm;jzifh jiif;qkdyguvnf; jiif;qkd½HkoufoufrQomjzpfNyD; y&dowfurl? aemufuG,fü &,forG ;f aoG;ayvdrrhf nf/ xdkvlrsKd;um;rdrdukd,fukdomvdrfEkdifpGrf;? nmEkdifpGrf;&SdNyD; tjcm;olwpfOD;OD;udkrl vdrfEkdifpGrf;?nmEkdifpGrf;&Sdvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ tu,fí tjcm;olrsm;u,HkMunfvQifvnf; ,m,DcPrQomMumayvdrhfrnf/ rsm;rMumrD xdktvdrftnmonf xif;xif;BuD;ay:vmayvdrfh rnf/ þavmuü opömonfrkom;udkatmifEkdifNrJjzpf\/

OD ; a&T a tmif aumufEkwfcsufpmpkrsm;tykdif;(1)rS Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ; jyKpk w if j yonf /


VOW

2

"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

Aka'¨gaAma",sH

rkawåmarmap,sH

wdaPÖmwma&,sH

opömw&m;ukid godovk?d a0ae,swo Ydk ad p&rnf

b0taESmiftzJGrh S igvw G o f vkd a0ae,swYdk vGwaf p&rnf

oHo&m0J*,ufrS igu;l ajrmufEidk o f vkd a0ae,swYdk ul;ajrmufapEkid &f rnf

'kdYwm0efta&;oHk;yg; jynfaxmifpk rNydKuJGa&; wkdif;&if;om; pnf;vHk;nDnGwfrI rNydKuJGa&; tcsKyftjcmtmPmwnfwHhckdifNrJa&;

'kdYta&; 'kdYta&; 'kdYta&;

"r®0&D *sme,f Mo0g'gp&d,q&mawmfrsm;

t*¾r[my@dw b'´ E å ukrm& 'kw, d ygarmu©csKyq f &mawmf(pDr)H t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ EåaZmwdu(M.A) 'kw, d ygarmu©csKyq f &mawmf(ynm) tbd"r®myd#ur[mXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw a'guw f mb'´ Eåax&dE´(Ph.D) yd#uwfqidk &f mygVpd mayXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf t*¾r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ Eåy@dwmbd0o H (M.A) okwå Eåy#d uwfr[mXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf r[m*E¬0gpuy@dw b'´ Eåork e(M.A) EkdifiHa&;OD;wnfcsuf (4)&yf Ak'a¨ 'oemjyefyh mG ;a&;ynmXme? XmerSL;^ygarmu©q&mawmf - EkdifiHawmfwnfNidrfa&;? &yf&Gmat;csrf;om,ma&;ESifh t*¾r[m*E¬0gpu y@dw a'guw f mb'´ EÅynm0Ho(Ph.D) w&m; Oya' pkd;rkd;a&; - trsKd;om;jyefvnf pnf;vHk;nDnGwfa&; armfueG ;f xde;f q&mawmf - ckdifrmonfh zJGYpnf;yHk tajccHOya'opfjzpfay:vma&; pmwnf;csKyf - jzpfay:vmonfh zJGYpnf;yHktajccHOya'opfEiS t hf nD acwfrzD YGH NzKd ;wk;d wufaomEkdifiHawmfopfwpf&yf r[mo'¨ra® Zmwdu"Z wuúov dk o f Qio f &D d wnfaqmufa&; ("r®mp&d,? bDat) pD;yGm;a&;OD;wnfcsuf (4)&yf - pkdufysKd;a&;ukdtajccHí tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;u@rsm;ukv d nf; pmwnf ; tzJG Y ? jynfpkd;? "r®xufukd bufpHkzHGUNzdK;wkd;wufatmif wnfaqmufa&; pDrHa&;&m? NzKd ;rmrm - aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;pepf yDjyifpGmjzpfay:vma&; - jynfwiG ;f ? jynfyrStwwfynmESit hf &if;tES;D rsm; zdwaf c:í xk wf wf a0 ol pD;yGm;a&;zHYG NzKd ;wk;d wufatmif wnfaqmufa&; wifp;dk (NrJ -04266) vIid Mf unfjzL "r®0&D pmaywku d Ef iS hf - EkdifiHawmfpD;yGm;a&;wpf&yfvHk;ukd zefwD;Ekid rf pI rG ;f tm;onf 'D*spw f ,fpmMunfw h u dk f EkdifiHawmfESifhwkdif;&if;om; jynfolwkdY\vuf0,fwGif&Sda&; tjyif t qif uG e f y sLwm vlrIa&;OD;wnfcsuf (4)&yf rk ; d B u ; D ? N z K d ; N z K d ; Zmj c nf ? j r wf E ; d k yk i d f - wpfrsK;d om;vH;k \ pdw"f mwfEiS hf tusiphf m&dwjå rifhrm;a&; - trsKd;*kPf? Zmwd*kPfjrifhrm;a&;ESifh ,Ofaus;rItarG jzefYcsda&; tESprf sm;? trsK;d om;a&;vu©Pmrsm;raysmufysuaf tmif vIid Mf unfjzL"r®0&D pmaywku d f xde;f odr;f apmifah &Smufa&; - rsKd;cspfpdwf"mwf &Sifoefxufjrufa&; zke;f - 0980 23992? 0950 01401? 01-507208 - wpfrsK;d om;vH;k use;f rmBuchH idk af &;ESiyhf nm&nfjrifrh m;a&; rk;d aumif;uifpmay? trSw(f 134)? tcef;(6)? 36-vrf;(v,f)? Address ausmufww H m;NrKd eU ,f? &efuek Nf rKd /YU Hlaing Kyi Phyu Dhamma Vira Publishing zke;f -01-253255 House xGe;f OD;pmay(rEÅav;) zke;f 02-39801 jynfolYoabmxm; jynfytm;ukd;ykqdef½kd;tqkd;jrif0g'Drsm;tm;qefYusifMu Ekid if aH wmf wnfNird af t;csr;f a&;ESihf Ekid if aH wmfw;dk wufa&;ukd aESmifh,SufzsufqD;olrsm;tm; qefYusifMu Ek d i f i H a wmf \ jynf w G i f ; a&;uk d 0if a &muf p G u f z uf aESmifh,Sufaom jynfyEkdifiHrsm;tm; qefYusifMu jynfwGif;? jynfytzsuform;rsm;tm; bHk&efoltjzpf owfrSwfacsrIef;Mu

Head Office: Blk (1), Rm(R6), Myanmar InfoTech, Hlaing Ts, Yangon. Branch Office: No. 50, 2nd Fl. Bank St, Kyauktada Ts, Yangon. Ph: 0980 23992 , 0950 01401 e-Mail - dhammavira@gmail.com

vIid Mf unfjzL "r®0&D pmaywku d Ef iS hf 'D*spw f ,fpmMunfw h u dk f taqmif(1)? tcef;(6)? jrefrmtifzw dk uf? wuúov dk rf sm; vdiI ef ,fajr

yH k E S d y f wifatmif0if;? bk;d &mZmykEH ydS w f u dk f trSw(f 162)? (45)vrf;? Akv d w f axmifNrKd eU ,f/

zvif Empire Colour Repro

,ck t ywf zwf p &m u@ uavmif&Sifrsm;

pmrsufESm

v,fwDq&mawmfbk&m; - - t,f'Dwmtmabmf - - - OD;oDvmpm& - - - - - a'gufwmeE´rmvmbd0Ho - r[maAm"d N rd K if q &mawmf 0e0goDaO,s"r®omrd - - rkH&GmaeZm - - - - - - - - &SifÓP(zsmykH) - - - - - - tyÜrm' Mobmo(oxkH) - - pdMw&HoD ------ynmEG,f({&majr-"EkjzL) - - Aka'¨g&o-t&Sif£E´mp&d,- - a&Tuef t&SifMobmooD&d - Zdaem&om t&Sif£E´moD[ - (vSnf;ul;) q&mawmfOD;eE´(rEÅav;) - - csif;wGif;iayv - - - - - Nidrf;csrf;OD; - - - - - - - - "r®0D&-oEÅmatmif - - - - oDwmOD;(jrefrmpm) - - - - wifwifatmif(vSnf;wef;) - oufykdifNidrf;(½ku©aA') - - wuúokdvfa&Tqifh - - - - - cifolZmjrifh - - - - - - - aZmfaemif - - - - - - - - a&Tbkef;[def;(yGifharmf^tif;pdef) {'if-0if;vGif - - - - - - - OD;oDv(qefuxef;-zm;uefY) w Ydk txl;aqmif;yg;? owif;ESihf wk\ uAsmrsm;/

&mpkopf\ pdefac:rIrsKd;pkHukd Nidr;f csrf;aompdwf &J&ifw h nfMunfaom avmutjrifjzifh b0ukd &ifqidk v f suf atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;Ekid Mf uzkYd "r®0&D *sme,f zwfMupkUd

20 3 5 4 23 6 7 9 29 10 19 12 14 31 36 1 40 19 16 27 33 35 37 5 25 35


EDITORIAL "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/

avmuD avmukwftusKd; atmifjrifvdkvQif orm"dwnfMunfatmif BudK;pm;Muyg ,aeYvaYl vmuwGif vlom;wdik ;f twGuf avmuDtusK;d avmukw&å m tusK;d rsm; atmifjrifEidk af p&ef vlom;\ pdw"f mwfü oDv? orm"d? ynm[laom tcsufBuD; (3)csuf wnf&ef ta&;BuD;ygonf/ xdkoHk;csufwGif orm"d[laompum;vHk;onf tvGefyif ta&;ygvSygonf/ orm"d&SdrS rdrdwdkYb0 tusihfoDvydkif;a&m orm"dydkif;yg atmifjrifMuygrnf/ orm"donf vlwdkif;twGuf &Sdoihfaomw&m;jzpfygonf/ r*fw&m;? zdkvfw&m;&&ef orm"d&Sd&efOD;pGmvdktyfygonf/ ¤if;orm"donf r*¾if(8)yg;wGif or®morm"dr*¾if w&m;tjzpf yg0ifaeygonf/ orm"dr*¾ifr&SdbJ r*fw&m; zdkvfw&m;wdkYudk r&Ekdifyg/ þorm"d[laom pum;onf ygVd pum;vHk;jzpfonf/ +oH+tm+"m=oHk;yk'fudk aygif;xm;í (£)ypönf;oufxm;ygonf/ oH+tm+"m+£=orm"d[líjzpfvmygonf/ oH=aumif;pGmnDñGwf? tm=pGJpGJNrJNrJ? "m=aqmif&Guf? £=wwfaomw&m;[lí wpfvHk;pDt"dyÜg,f zGifhqdkxm;ygonf/ xdkYaMumihf orm"d=aumif;pGm nDnDñGwfñGwf pGJNrJatmif aqmifwwfaom w&m;[lí jrefrmpum;ppfppfjyefqdk&ygrnf/ odkYaomf Ak'¨tbd"r®mxGef;um;ae aom jrefrmjynfü orm"dqdkvQif rnfuJhodkY aom w&m;jzpfaMumif; em;vnfMuygonf/ okdYtwGuf orm"dudk jrefrma0g[m& teufroHk; awmhbJ ygVdtwdkif;om oHk;pGJaeMuygonf/ orm"d\ rl&if;w&m;ud, k rf mS = {u*¾wm apwodujf zpfygonf/ xdaYk Mumihf orm"d [lonfrmS wpfcw k nf;aom tm½Hu k o kd m pl;pdkuf½IrSwfwwfygonf/ [dktm½Hk? onftm½Hk trsKd;rsKd;udk tm½HkrjyKwwfyg/ xkdYaMumihf orm"dudk wnfNidrfpl;pdkufonfh oabm[lí qdk&ygonf/ ajrvQdK;rdk;ysHEkdifaom psmefw&m;? orm ywfw&m;? tbdnmOfw&m;rsm;udk &&eftwGufvnf; orm"d&&Sd&ef vdktyfygonf/ r[*¾Kwfpdwf[kac:aompsmef\ tpdwftydkif; (5)yg;wGif {u*¾wm[kac:aom orm"donf t"duyg0ifaeNyD; orm"dr&SdvQif psmefw&m; ormywfw&m; vHk;0rjzpfEkdifyg/ orm"d&SdrSom psmefESihf ormywfjzpfEkdifonf/ ajrvQdK;rdk;ysHEdkifavmufaom tbdnmOfw&m;jzpfEidk yf gonf/ tbd"r®mü orm"doarÁmZÑif orm"da`E?´ orm"dAv kd w f u Ykd kd aAm"dyud, © w&m; [lí ac:qdk Muygonf/ orm"dr&SdípdwfrwnfMunfvQif Moumopaom bk&m;&Sdcdk;ukdaomfrS ajzmihfajzmihf &Sdcdk;&efrvG,fulyg/ orm"d tvGef enf;ygu pdwfrwnfMunfbJ ½l;oGyfoGm;wwfonf/ xkdokdY½l;oGyfoGm;ygu rdrdtouf&Sifoefaea&;twGuf ta&;BuD;vSaom xrif; wpfeyfrQukdyif pm;&efowdr&jzpfaewwfygonf/ rpm;EkdifbJ jzpfaewwfygonf/ Ak'¨y&dedAÁmefpHNyD;aemuf &SiftmeE´m onf w&m;udkBudK;pm;tm;xkwf&mwGif 0D&d,vGefNyD; O'¨pö 0ifaeaomaMumihf w&m;r&EkdifbJ &SdcJh onf/ O'¨pö[lonfrSm ylyefysHUvGihfjcif;oabm&Sdaom tukodkvfw&m;jzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumihf w&m;udk½IrSwfyGm;rsm; aom &SiftmeE´mrSm tv,ftvwf rZÑdry#dy'grjzpfawmhbJ vGefvGefuJuJ yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfjcif; ylyefysHUvGihfrI O'¨pö[laom tukodkvfjzpfav&m w&m;udkrodEkdifbJjzpf&onf/ &[EÅmvnf; rjzpfEkdifbJ&Sdae&onf/ wpfnvH;k BuKd ;pm;aomfvnf; w&m;udrk odEidk af omaMumifh tm;avQmv h u kd af omtcgrS 0D&, d avsmu h sNy;D orm"djzpfNy;D um vdt k yfaom w&m;xl;udk odjrif&awmhonf/ Ak'¨u &[ef;wdkY orm"djzpfatmif yGm;rsm;Mu? orm"d&SdrS trSeftwdkif; odEkdifonf [lía[mMum;awmfrlonf/ orm"donf pdwf"mwfudk tm½HktrsKd;rsKd;ü ysHUvGihfraeapbJ tm½Hkwpfckwnf;üom pl;pdkufwnfNidrfpGm ½IrSwfwwfaom oabm&Sday&m ½IrSwfcH&aom tm½Hkoabmudk wdwdusus xifxif&Sm;&Sm; rSefrSefuefuef odjrifEkdifpGrf; &Sdavonf/ Oyrmtm;jzihf rD;udktvdk&Sdaom olonf 0g*Grf;udk aeylü ypfxm;½HkrQjzihf rD;r&Ekdifacs/ ysHUusJaeaom ae\ta&mifudk wpfae&mwnf;pkvmatmifrSefbDvl;jzihf qGJ,lum 0g*Grf;ay:odkY usa&mufapjcif;jzihf rMumjrihfrD 0g*Grf;rD;pGJavmifum rD;udk &&SEd idk af vonf/ þenf;wlomvQif ysUH vGiafh eaom pdw"f mwfukd tm½Hw k pfcw k nf;rSmom pl;pdu k w f nfNird af eapjcif;jzihf tvk&d t dS yfaom tusKd;w&m;udk &&SdEkdifayonf/ xdkYaMumihf avmuD avmukwå&m tusKd;wdkYü atmifjrifrIudk &vdkolwdkYonf orm"dw&m;jynhfpHkrSom tusKd;NyD;ajrmuf EkdifMurnfjzpfaMumif; today;tyfygonf/ t,f ' D w m

3


WE LIVE WITH DHAMMA KNOWLEDGE

4

"r®0D&onf t"r®w&m;z,f&Sm;Edkif&ef jzpfonf/

tjynfjynfqdkif&max&0g max&0g'' Ak'¨omoemjyKwuúodkvf ygarmu©csKyf q&mawmfbk&m;BuD; t*¾r[my@dw? t*¾r[m*E¦0gpuy@dw a'gufwm t&SifeE´rmvmbd0Ho(Ph.D) a[mMum;csD ; jr§ i h f a wmf r l t yf a om

jzpfEkdifwmESifh rjzpfEkdifwm w&m;a'oemawmf ]]jzpfEdkifwmESihf rjzpfEdkifwm}} -bmawG[m jzpfEdkifNyD;awmh bmawGu rjzpfEdkifwmvJ/ Ak'¨jrwfpGm&JU wxm*wAv vdkYac:wJh bk&m; &Sifudk,fawmfjrwfrsm;om&EdkifwJh todÓPfpGrf;yum;xJrSm ]XmemXme ÓPf } qdkwm&Sdw,f/ ]Xme} qdkwm jzpfEdkifp&mtaMumif;&Sdw,f/ ]tXme} qdkwm jzpfEdkifp&mtaMumif;r&Sdbl;/ 'Dvdkt"dyÜm,f&Sdw,f/ tJ'D XmetXme qdw k phJ um;ud, k Nl y;D awmh bke;f Bu;D wdYk 'DuaeYn jzpfEikd w f mESifh rjzpfEikd w f m cGjJ cm;Ny;D Ak'j¨ rwfpmG &JU taMumif;[kww f ,fç taMumif;r[kwf bl;qdkwmeJYywfoufNyD;awmh xl;xl;jcm;jcm; odjrifawmfrlwJh ÓPfBuD;udk ylaZmfwJhtaeeJY a[mMum;yghr,f/ avmurSm vlawGuvnf; ajymMuwmyJ/ ]'gu jzpfEdkifw,f? 'gu rjzpfEikd b f ;l }/ odaYk omf vlawGajymwJh ]jzpfEikd w f ,f} qdw k mu ]jzpfcsif rS jzpfwm? ]rjzpfEdkifbl;} qkdwmuvnf; ]jzpfcsifjzpfw,f/} jrwfpGmbk&m; a[mxm;wJh ]jzpfEdkifw,f} qkdwmu ]wu,fudkjzpfw,f?} ]rjzpfEdkifbl;} qdw k musawmhvnf; ]wu,fu h rkd jzpfb;l } wJ/h bmjzpfvv Ykd ¿J jrwfpmG bk&m; u t&if;tjrpfupNyD; rSefuefwJhtaMumif;w&m;awGudk od&Sdxm;wmrdkY jzpfw,f/ omrefyk*¾dKvfawGuawmh rdrdtxifeJY ajymMuwmjzpfw,f/ ]]jzpfEdkifw,f- rjzpfEdkifbl}}- urÇmrSmvnf;yJ 'Dpum;vHk;av; 2-vHk;udk vlawGu toHk;jyKMuw,f/ possible eJY impossible, possible qdkwm jzpfEdkifwm? impossible qdkwm rjzpfEdkifwm/ avmurSm vlawGu trsdK;rsdK;ajymMuw,f/ ]]'gawmh rjzpfEkdifygbl;uGm? 'gawmh jzpfEikd w f ,fa[h?}} ud, k t fh xiftjrifeYJ 'Dvakd jymMuwm/ Ak'j¨ rwfpmG vdk twd tusÓPfawmfBuD;eJY udk,fwdkifodjrifNyD; ajymwmrsdK;r[kwfonhftwGuf aMumihf &mckdifEIef;jynhf rrSefEdkifbl;ayhg/ &mckdifEIef;jynhf rSefuefzdkYrjzpfEdkif onht f wGuaf Mumifh jzpfEikd w f ,fqw kd muvnf; jzpfcsirf jS zpfr,f? rjzpfEikd f bl;qdkwmuvnf; jzpfcsifjzpfoGm;wm &Sdw,fayhg/ Ak'j¨ rwfpmG &JU a'oemawGxrJ mS jzpfEikd w f meJrY jzpfEikd w f m 'DEpS rf sKd ; udk cGJjcm;NyD;awmh a[mxm;wm&Sdw,f/ tcsufaygif; 28-csuf&Sdw,f/ 'guawmh jzpfEikd w f ,fç 'guawmh rjzpfEikd b f ;l eJY wdwu d susa[mxm;wm/ 'Dawmh bkef;BuD;wdkYwawG[m Ak'¨jrwfpGma[mxm;wJh ]]jzpfEdkif wmeJY rjzpfEikd w f m}} udk uGu J jJG ym;jym; odomG ;Edik Mf uw,fayhg/ tJ'v D kd odvYkd &Sd&if bmvkyf&rvJ¿ ]]rjzpfEdkifwJht&mudk rjzpfEdkifbl;vdkY rSwfom;NyD; jzpfEdkifwJh t&mud k jzpfEdkifw,fvdkYrSwfom;NyD; vkyfoifhwJhtvkyfudk vkyfzdkYyJ/}} rSefuefwJhtjrif&SdvmvdkY&Sd&if xdktjrifrSefudk tajccHNyD;awmh

vkyfwJhtvkyf[m rSm;,Gif;rIr&Sdbl;/ rSefuefw,f? avmuDudpöyJjzpfjzpf? avmukw&å mudpyö jJ zpfjzpf rnfonhu f pd rö mS yJjzpfjzpf jzpfEikd w f meJY rjzpfEikd f wmudk uGu J jJG ym;jym;odzv Ykd w kd ,f/ vkyEf ikd w f meJY rvkyEf ikd w f m? vkyo f ihw f meJY rvkyfoihfwm? 'gawGudk uGJuGJjym;jym;odzdkYvdkw,f/ uGJuGJjym;jym;odNyD; vkyfoihfwmqdk&if vkyf&r,fç rvkyfoihfwmqdk&ifrvkyf&bl;/ tJ'Dvdkr[kwf&if bmjzpfvJ/ vkyfoifhwmusawmh rvkyfbl;ç rvkyfoihfwmusawmhvkyfr,fqdk&if tusdK;qkwf,kwfr,f/ jzpfEdkifwmeJY rjzpfEdkifwmudk cGJjcm;NyD;awmh rodbl;qdk&if rjzpfEdkifwmudk jzpfEdkifr,f xifNy;D awmh ajymaer,f? vkyaf er,f/ jzpfEikd w f musawmh rjzpfEikd b f ;l xif Ny;D awmh ab;z,fxm;r,fq&kd if vGrJ mS ;rIawGtrsm;Bu;D jzpfvmEdik w f mayhg/ b0rSm vrf;rSef&zdkYqdkwm todÓPfu tifrwefrSta&;BuD; w,f / tck v d k w&m;yG J B uD ; awG u sif ; yNyD ; awmh w&m;emMuwm[m bmtwGufvJvdkYar;&if todÓPftwGufyJ/ wu,fta&;BuD;wmu todÓPfyJ/ jrwfpGmbk&m;udk,fwkdifu ajzxm;wm&Sd w,f/ ]]okókom vbaw ynH}}- ]]Mum;emcsifwJhpdwf&SdNyDqdk&if ynm&ygw,f}} wJh/ w&m;emwmudk tajccHNy;D awmh rodwmawG odvmw,f/ odNy;D om;awG &Sif;oGm;w,f/ w&m;emwm[m w&m;udkoif,lwmjzpfonhf twGuf wpfem&Dem&if wpfem&Doifvu dk w f myJ/ tJ'o D ifvu kd v f o Ykd o d mG ;wJh todw&m;awG[m aysmufomG ;rSmr[kwb f ;l wJ/h taMumif;t&m pum;vH;k awmh arhcsifarhoGm;r,f/ odkYaomf todynmqdkwmu aysmufroGm;bl;/ Mum;zl;em;0&Sad eonht f wGuaf Mumihf jyefvnfqifjcifo;kH oyfwhJ tcgrSm xdMk um;zl;wJt h csut f vufawGukd tajccHNy;D awmh trSm;trSeaf wG udk a0zefcjJG crf;odprG ;f Edik w f hJ ynmrsKd ; olo Y EÅmefrmS &So d mG ;w,f/ 'Dvedk m,lr?I oifMum;rIr&SdbJeJY todynm&w,fqdkwm rjzpfEdkifbl;/ ynm&&ef enf ; vrf ; oH k ; oG , f ynm&zdeYk yYJ wfoufNy;D awmh enf;vrf;oH;k oG,v f aYkd jymvk&Yd w,f/ tJ'eD nf;vrf;oH;k oG,u f ykd J ynmoH;k rsKd ;vdv Yk nf;ajymw,f/ tm;vH;k Mum;zl; Muvdrhfr,f? okwr,ynm (odkYr[kwf) okwr,ÓPfç pdEÅmr,ynm (odkYr[kwf) pdEÅmr,ÓPfç bm0emr,ynm (odkYr[kwf) bm0emr, ÓPf? 'gynmESihfynm&zdkY enf;vrf;oHk;oG,fyJ/ ok w r,ynm okwr,- qdkwm Mum;emjcif;aMumifhjzpfay:vmwJhynmudk okwr,ynm vkdYac:w,f/ em;u Mum;emvkduf&vdkYç em;axmifvkduf& vdkYç oif,lvdkuf&vdkY &vkdufwJhynmrSeforQ okwr,- Mum;emjcif;u


WE LIVE WITH DHAMMA KNOWLEDGE

5

"r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/ xkwfay;wJh ynmrsdK;wJH/ w&m;yGBJ u;D awG usi;f yNy;D awmh w&m; emMuw,f / xd k w &m;yG J u &vk d u f w J h tod ynmawG[m okwr,ynm r,ynmawGyJ/ b,faeYrSm b,f q&mawmf u bma[moG m ;w,f ? Mum;vk d u f & w,f ? a[moG m ;wJ h t csuf tvufawGu rdrdwdkYb0wpfoufwmtwGuf rSwfom;p&mawGjzpfw,f/ rdrdwdkY udk,fwdkif tcGifhr&vdkY rMunhfEkdifwJh Ak'¨jrwfpGma[mMum; cJhwJh yd#uwfoHk;oG,fç edum,fig;&yfç "r®u©E¨m aygif; &Spfaomif;av;axmif oifhavsmf &m&m bk&m;a[mxm;wJh w&m;xJu xkwEf w k Nf y;D awmh a[majymxm;wm jzpfw,f/ tJ ' D a [majymwJ h t xJ u rd r d u Mum;vkduf&vdkY? oif,lvkduf&vdkY odvkduf&wJh ynm&yf u d k ok w r,ynm vd k Y a c:w,f / Mum;emjcif;u xkwfay;wJhynm/ 'gaMumihf w&m;emjcif;onf ynm&jcif;\ taMumif; w&m; eHygwf (1) enf;vrf;wpfckyJ/ eH y gwf (2) u pd E Å m r,ynm? pd E Å m r, qd k w m Mum;emrI u d k tajcrcH b J tawG;tac:oufoufjzihjfzpfay:vmaomynmudk pd E Å m r,ynm vk d Y a c:w,f / Mum;emrI u d k tajccH N yD ; rS a wG ; &if ? pd E Å m r, rac: bl ; / ol r sm;qD u oif , l x m;wJ h t csuf a y:rS m tajcrcH b J e J Y BuH p nf r I ouf o uf a y:rS m tajccH N yD ; jzpf a y:vmwJ h ynmrsd K ;ud k o m pdEÅmr,ynm vdkY ac:w,f/ tJ'D pdEÅmr,ynm u omrefyk*¾dKvf awG & J U oEÅ m ef r S m rjzpf E d k i f b l ; / aemuf q H k ; ÓPfynmtxufqHk;yk*¾dKvfjzpfwJh &Sifom&d yk w å & mrax&f jrwf & J U oEÅ m ef r S m awmif pd E Å m r,ynm rjzpf b l ; / bmjzpf v d k Y v J ? &Sifom&d ykwå&mawmif w&m;eJyY wfoufvm&if Mum;emrIç oif,rl q I w kd mudk tajccH &ao;w,f/ ud, k yf ikd Ó f PfeYJ xd;k xGi;f Ny;D BupH nfEikd pf rG ;f r&Sb d ;l / &Sio f m&dyw k å &mvdk ÓPfxufwyhJ *k Kd¾ vrf mS awmif r&Edik b f ;l / 'gjzihf pdEÅmr,ynm qdkwm b,fvdk yk * ¾ d K vf r sd K ;rS & ovJ v d k Y ar;vd k Y & S d & if bk & m; tavmif;wdkYç yapöuAk'¨gtavmif;wdkYrS&w,f/ bk & m;tvmif ; ç yapö u Ak ' ¨ g tavmif ; awG usawmh q&mr&Sb d ;l / olwu Ydk , kd w f idk f awG;awm qifjcifNyD; todÓPfawGjzpfay: vmwm/ b0gb0u avhvmcJhwJh pGrf;tm;awG jynhfvm onhftwGuf rSefrSefuefuef awG;Edkifw,f? rSerf eS u f efuefawG;vku d w f t hJ wdik ;f rSerf eS u f efuef odrIqkdwmjzpfvmw,f/

vSnhfpm;r& ocFg& Ä

MumZHtvm;? qHjzLrsm;ukd ysufjym;eufarSmif? ydwkef;a&mif odkY wka,mifvSnhfpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

oGm;rsm;pG,fusKd;? trsKd;rsKd;ukd rusKd;oa,mif? oGm;pkdufaESmifí jyKaqmifvSnhfpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

tjrifrIef0g;? pu©Krsm;ukd jywfom;½kyfoGif? i,frsKd;xifatmif jyifqifvSnfhpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

ezl;yg;jyif? a&;aMumif;xifukd jrifolrod? rdwfuyfzdí jyKbdvSnhfpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

wGefY½IHUívm? ta&vTmukd wif;rmoa,mif? aq;ESihfaqmifí wka,mifvSnhfpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

BuD;vmtouf? Z&m,Sufukd oGufvufqlNzKd;? i,folrsKd;..odkY wlEkd;vSnhfpm; xm;aomfvnf;/

Ä

vSnhfpm;r&? ]ocFg&} ukd oifuvSnhfpm;? olu ][m;} í oihftm;&,farm aevdrfhrnf/

Ä

vSnfhpm;r&? ]ocFg&} onf ][[} &,farm? waomaomESihf oabmtrSef? remcHaom oihfxH{uef a&mufaeNyD/ a&T b k e f ; [d e f ; yG i h f a rmf ^ tif ; pd e f

yapö u Ak ' ¨ g qd k w m b,f o l u rS w&m;a[m&wmr[k w f b l ; / ol u d k , f w d k i f obm0w&m;awG u d k qif j cif p Of ; pm;NyD ; olYoEÅmefrSm&SdwJh udavomawGudkz,f&Sm;vdkY bk&m;tjzpfudka&mufoGm;wm/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf)

Ak'*¨ w D u d m q&mawmf OD;oDvmpm&

(½kd;rwdrf r[matmifajrausmif;) "r® m &mraw¦ & 0w¦ K Ak'¨&Sifawmfjrwfonf om0w¦djynf aZw0efausmif;awmfü aeawmfrlaomtcg bk&m;&Sif oufawmfxif&Sm;&Sdckduf t&[wå zkv d u f dk &atmif,t l [ hH k wpfyg;aom&[ef;wdEYk iS fh pum;rajymbJ w&m;ukd tm;xkwaf eaom "r®m &mr&[ef;ukd taMumif;jyKí ]]"r®m&marm "r® &awm}} paom *gxmukd a[mawmfrlonf/ "r®m&mr rax&f &[EÅmjzpfav\/ "r®m&marm "r®&awm? "r®H tEk0dpdEÅ,H/ "r®H tEkó& bdu©K? o'¨r®m e y&d[m,wd/ jref r muAsm ur®|mef;ü aysmfydkufarGUavsmf? w&m;awmfrSef zefzefBuHaemf? atmufarhpD;jzef; &[ef;rSefaomf? w&m;rS ,kwfpGmhr&Sdaemf/ That bhikkhu who dwells in the Dhamma, who delights in the Dhamma, who meditation on the Dhamma, who well remembers the Dhamma, does not fall away from the sublime Dhamma.

pum;ajy/ / (orx 0dyóembm0em) ur® | mef ; w&m;ü arG U avsmf v suf orx 0dyóem bm0emukd tzefwvJvJ BuHpnf atmufarhum w&m;ojzihaf eaom &[ef;onf aAm"d y u© d , w&m; (avmuk w å & mw&m;)rS rqkw, f w k Ef idk /f


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

6

"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

bk&m;ay;aom ukefoG,fpD;yGm; BuD;yGm;csrf;omenf;rsm; rk H & G m aeZm

(u) ,aeYacwfonf aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&; pepfjzpfwnfaeaom tcsdefumvjzpfonf/ t&if;tESD;aumif;aumif;&SdNyD;tquftoG,f aumif;? aps;uGufaumif;ESihfawGUvQif aeYcsif; ncsif;yif BuD;yGm;Edkifonf/ taMumif;taygif; ESifh taumif;nDñGwfojzihf BuD;yGm;csrf;omae MuolawG rsm;pGm&Sdavonf/ tcsdefumvudkMunhf½IoHk;oyfNyD; rdrd \ um,ç ÓPpGrf;tm;tavsmuf vHkYv0D&d, pdkufxkwfum BudK;pm;jyKvkyfaqmif&Gufolrsm; atmifjrifr&I &SMd uonf/ twdwu f o k v kd u f aH umif; oljzpfvQifum; 0D&d,pdkufxkwfrIenf;yg;aomf vnf; pD;yGm;jzpfMuonf/ ÓPf&SdvQif &Sdovdk vkyif ef;rsm; wd;k csUJ atmifjrifEikd Mf uonf/ twdwf ukodkvfuHenf;yg;um 'gersdK;aph&Sm;yg;cJholjzpf vQifrlum;? vkyfavjrKyfavjzpfum t&if;tESD; yg jyKwfwwfavonf/ odkYaMumihfyif ]uHenf; vQif ÓPf&Sdwkdif; rGJwwfonf} [laom pum; wpf&yfay:aygufvmjcif;jzpf\/ twdwu f ygvmcJah omuHuu kd m; NyKd if í r&ay/ ypöKyÜefjyKvkyfqJuHudkum; ,SOfNydKifí &onf/ 0D&, d udv k nf; ,SONf yKd ií f &onf/ olvyk f ovdk udk,fvkyfí&onf/ olBudK;pm;ovdk udk,f vnf; BudK;pm;í&onf/ olYBudK;pm;rIxufyif udk,fu 0D&d,udk a&SUwef;wifum tqwdk;NyD; BudK;pm;Edkifyg\/ odkYaomf.. (c) tcgwpfyg;ü t&Sifom&dykwårax&f jrwfBuD;u jrwfAk'¨tm; pD;yGm;a&;ESihfywfouf aom ar;cGef;rsm;udk ar;jref;avQmufxm;cJhzl;yg onf/

]]jrwfpGmbk&m;- þavmuü vlom; ESpaf ,muf ukeo f , G cf si;f wlygvsuf wpfa,mufu pD;yGm;ysufNyD;- wpfOD;u tb,faMumifhpD;yGm; rysufpD;ygoenf;/ wpfa,mufu &nfrSef;csufyef;wkdif ra&muf b J ? wpf O D ; u &nf r S e f ; csuf t wk d i f ; jzpfxGef;atmifjrifoGm;ygoenf;}} xdkYjyif wpfa,mufu &nfrSef;csuf xuf ydkvGefatmifjrifoGm;&ygoenf;}} odvkda&;ESihf ar;jref;vmaom t&Sif om&d y k w å \ ar;cG e f ; rsm;ud k Ak ' ¨ b k & m;u þodkYvQif ajzMum;awmfrlvkdufav\/ (1) ]]ihg&Sifom&dykwå- tcsdKUaomol onf &[ef ; wd k Y t m; (avmuG w f p um;jzih f ) ]t&Sib f &k m; tvd&k adS om ypön;f udk rdeMYf um;yg} [k zdwfMum;NyD; wu,frvSLay/ xdkolonf þ vlYbHkodkYa&mufum vljzpfvmaomfvnf; ukeo f , G rf pI ;D yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;udjk yKvyk &f mwGif t½IH;ay:\/ ysufpD;jcif;ESifhom &ifqkdif&\}} (þae&mü qufpyfvmí Mum;n§yf wifjy&aomf jrwfpmG bk&m;a[mMum;awmfrv l m aom y&mb0okwf (ysufpD;aMumif;w&m;rsm;) wGif- ]orP} ac: &[ef;oHCmrsm;- ]jA[®P} ac: raumif;rItukodkvfw&m;rsm;udk tyç jyKxm;olrsm; ]0edAu Á } ac: zke;f awmif;,mpum rsm;jzpfonhf tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfrsm;tm; ]vSLrnf} [k zdwMf um;xm;Ny;D wu,fwrf;rvSL'gef;? ray;urf; bJaecJhaomf pD;yGm;? OpömysufpD;wwf\..[lí a[mMum;xm;ygonf/ - a,m orPH0g jA[®PH0g? tnH0gyd 0edAÁuH/ rkom0ga'e 0aÍöw?d wHy&mb0awm rkcH/ orP- jA[®P- 0edAÁu wnf;[l aom tvSLcHy*k Kd¾ vrf sm;tm; vdt k yfwmudak jym &ef zdwfMum;xm;NyD;rS wu,fwrf;tvdk&Sdí tvS L cH a omtcg0,f - awmif t aMumif ; jy? ajrmuftaMumif;jy? pD;yGm;a&;raumif;aMumif; pwmwGukd taMumif;jyNy;D rkom0g'jzihf vdrn f m ajymNyD ; rnf o nh f y pö n f ; ud k r Q rvS L 'gef ; ? ray;urf ; jcif ; onf ysuf p D ; aMumif ; w&m; y&mb0w&m; jzpfonf- [lvdk)

(2) ]]tcsKd Uaomolonf tvSLcHy*k Kd¾ vf wdkYtm;- ]tvdk&Sdaom ypönf;udk rdefYMum;yg} [k zdwfMum;avQmufxm;ç xm;aomfvnf; tvSLcH yk*Kd¾ vf tvd&k o dS avmuf (jynhpf akH tmif) rvSLay/ xdkolonf þvlYavmuodkY a&mufvmaom tcg ukefoG,fjcif;trIudkjyKvkyfaomfvnf; &nf r S e f ; csuf r jynf h r D b J arQmf r S e f ; oavmuf ratmifjrifwwfacs/ (3) ]]þavmuü tcsdKUaomolonf &[ef;oHCmtvSLcHyk*¾dKvfwdkYtm;- ]tvdk&Sdwm rdefYMum;awmfrlyg} [k yifhzdwfavQmufxm;onhf twdkif; tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfu tvdk&Sdí rdefYMum;vm aomtcg tvd k & S d o avmuf jynh f p H k a tmif vSL'gef;\/ xdktvSL&Sifonf xdkb0rSpkawí þvlYjynfodkYa&mufvmonf&Sdaomf tMuif tMuifuek o f , G rf u I kd jyKvyk \ f / xdx k u kd ek o f , G rf I pD;yGm;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;onf &nfreS ;f onht f wkid ;f atmifjrif\/}} (4) ]]t&Sio f m&dyw k .å .? þavmuü vlwpfcsKd Uonf &[ef;oHCmtvSLcHy*k Kd¾ vw f t Ykd m; ]tvd&k w dS m rdeMYf um;yg} [k zdwMf um;avQmufxm; onfhtwdkif; tvSLcHyk*¾dKvfwkdYu tvdk&SdaMumif; rd e f Y M um;vmaomtcg xd k x d k y pö n f ; 0w¬ K ud k tvSLcHyk*¾dKvf tvdk&Sdonhftwkdif;twmxuf ydkNyD;ay;vSL\/ xdktvSL&Sifonf xkdb0rSpkawí þvl Y j ynf o d k Y a &muf v maomtcg tMuif tMuifuek o f , G rf u I kd jyKvyk \ f / xdx k u kd ek o f , G rf I vkyfief;rsm;onf &nfrSef;csufxufydkvGefum wdk;wufatmifjrif\/ tusdK;w&m;rsm; wdk;yGm; &&Sdwwf\}} om&dyw k .å .? ukeo f nfcsi;f wlygvsuf tusKd ;ay;rI? atmifjrifrI uGjJ ym;jcm;em;&jcif;\ taMumif;w&m; taxmuftyHhum;? þ igrdefY qdak wmfrcl o hJ nhf taMumif;rsm; jzpfayownf;}} (&nfñTef;udk;um;= t*Fkwå&edum,f? pwkuú edygwf? 0PdZokwf) (*) Bu;D yGm;csr;f oma&;twGuf uH? ÓPf? 0D&d,wnf;[laom tcsufoHk;csufudk t&if; wnf&\/ aiGaMu;t&if;tESD;jynhfpHkae½HkrQESihf pmrsuf E S m 11 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

7

Ak'¨bmomESifh jrefrmpmayordkif; &S i f Ó P(zsmyH k ) ok w aqmif ; yg; jrefrmpm pum;ajyta&;tom;onf (12) &mpktpydkif;wGif ay:aygufcJhaomaMumihf jrefrmpm (pum;ajy) pwifjzpfwnfaomumv [k rS w f , l & rnf j zpf o nf / (12) &mpk w G i f ay:aygufcJhaom jrefrmpmayonf yk*Hacwf? yif ; ,acwf ? tif ; 0acwf ? awmif i l a cwf ? anmif&rf;acwf? uke;f abmifacwf? udv k ekd aD cwf? vGwfvyfa&;acwf ponhf acwf&Spfacwfudk tqihq f ifjh zwfoef;vsuf zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufvmcJNh y;D ,aeYacwfwGif jrefrmpmay\oufwrf;onf ESpfaygif; (900) cefY&SdcJhNyDjzpfonf/ jrefrmvlrsKd ;wd\ Yk jrefrmpmayay:xGe;f vmcJhaomtaMumif;rsm;udk avhvmMunhfrnf qdv k Qif Ak'b ¨ mompmay? jrefrmhya'o&mZfpepf ESifh jrefrmpmayudk vrf;cif;ay;aomygVd? ouú w? ysL? rGefpmaypaom taMumif;oHk;&yfrSm tajccH u saom taMumif ; rsm;jzpf o nf u d k awGU&SdMuayrnf/ (11) &mpkacwf? ax&0g'Ak'¨ omoemESifh yd#uwfawmfrsm;? yk*jH ynfoaYkd &muf &Sv d mNy;D aemuf yk*jH ynfom;wdo Yk nf Ak'o ¨ moem udk txl;ouf0if,MkH unfcMhJ uNy;D ukov kd af umif;rI trsdK;rsdK;jyKMu\/ rdrdwdkYjyKvkyfaom ukodkvf aumif;rIrsm;taMumif;udkvnf; ausmufxuf tu©&mjzihf (ausmufpmtjzpf) rSwfwrf;wifcJh Mu\/ xdt Yk wl yd#uwfpmayrsm;udk yk*jH ynf om;wdkY tywfwukwfavhvmMuNyD; Ak'¨pmay usr;f *efvm Zmwf? edygwfawmfrsm;udk o½kyaf zmf yef;cs?D yef;ykrsm;ESit fh wl bk&m;tm½Hck w H efaqmif; eH&Hrsm;wGif rifjzihf (rifpmtjzpf) a&;om; azmfjycJMh uonf/ þodjYk zihf yk*aH cwfrS pwifum ausmufpm? rifpmrsm; ay:aygufvmcJhonf/ xdaYk emuf wpfzef Ak'p¨ mayvm taMumif;t&m rsm;ud k pum;ajyjzih f v nf ; aumif ; ? um&H ? eab;jzih f oD u k H ; aom uAsmrsm;jzih f vnf;aumif; a&;zGJUcJhMuonf/ þodkYaom enf;vrf;jzihf Ak'¨bmompmayudk tajccHaom jrefrmpmaytrsdK;rsdK;wdkY ay:xGef;vmcJhjcif; jzpfayonf/ jrefrmhya'o&mZfpepfonf yk*aH cwf

rS uke;f abmif (aemufq;kH ) acwftxd xGe;f um; cJhaompepfjzpf\/ ya'o&mZfpepft&? jrefrmh a&S ; OD ; pmqd k w d k Y o nf xD ; eef ; ywf 0 ef ; usif u d k trsm;qHk;tm½HkpdkufNyD; pmayrsm;udk a&;zGJUMu onf/ rif;? rdzk&m;? rSL;rwf? ol&Jaumif;wdkY taMumif ; ajr§ m uf p m;a&;zG J U Mujcif ; jzpf \ / odkYaomf rnfodkYyifjzpfap xdkya'o&mZfyk*¾dKvf a&;udk taMumif;jyKívnf; jrefrmpmaytrsdK; rsKd ;ay:xGe;f cGi&hf cJo h nfuakd wmh todtrSwjf yK& rnfjzpfayonf/ jrefrmpmay pum;ajyta&;tom; ray:aygufrDumvwGif yk*Hjynfü ouúw? ysL? rGe-f paom ta&;tom;rsm;&Sad eNyjD zpfaMumif; udk? a&Taypm? tkwfcGufpm? pOfhuGif;pm ponhf taxmuf t xm;rsm;t& od & S d & ayonf / xd k p mayrsm;onf v nf ; ay:ayguf v mrnh f jrefrmpmayta&;tom;twGuf a&SUajy;ozG,f jzpfcJhonf/ xdkacwfuay:aygufaeaom ygVd pmay? rGefpmaywdkYonf jrefrmpmay zGHUNzdK;wdk; wufa&;twGuf ]pHerlem,lp&m} ta&;tzGJU rsm;tjzpf taxmuftuljyKcJhayonf/ yk * H a cwf j ref r mpmay ]jrefrmpmaytp? yk*Hausmufpmu} [k tqd&k o dS nf/ yk*aH cwfwiG f a&;xd;k xm;aom ausmufpmrsm;onf tapmqHk; jrefrmpmay (pum;ajy) ta&;tom;rsm;yifjzpf\/ yk*aH cwf ausmufpmrsm;teuf jrefrmouú&mZf 474ckESpf (c&pfESpf- 1112) ckwGif a&;xkd;cJhaom &mZukrm&fausmufpmonf avhvmawGU&SdorQ ausmufpmwdkYwGif ouú&mZftcdkiftrma&;xdk; xm;aom tapmqH k ; jref r mpmayjzpf o nf / xdak usmufpmudk yk*jH rapwDb&k m;teD;rS wl;azmf awGU&SdMu&onhftwGuf ]jrapwDausmufpm} [k vnf; ac:Muonf/ xdkausmufpmwGif aumif;rI&Sif &mZ ukrm&f\ ukov kd af umif;rIukd rSww f rf;wifxm; \/ &mZuk r m&f o nf usef p pf o m;rif ; BuD ; uG,v f eG t f q hH q J J emruse;f jzpfaecsed w f iG f rif;Bu;D aus;Zl ; w&m;ud k atmuf a rh q if j cif v suf a&Tqif;wkb&k m;wpfqo l eG ;f vkyNf y;D rif;Bu;D tm; qufoavonf/ usefppfom;rif;BuD;onf

0rf ; ajrmuf 0 rf ; ompG m om"k a c:NyD ; aemuf oHCmawmfrsm;udkyifhí a&pufoGef;csvSL'gef; avonf/ &mZukrm&frif;om;onf xdak &Tqif;wk bk&m;udk ]Xmyem} jyKí jrif;uyg&GmteD;ü ]*lajymufBuD;bk&m;} wnfcJhonf/ ,if;*lajymufBuD;bk&m; wnfawmfrl &jcif; taMumif;rsm;udk &mZukrm&frif;om;u ygVdbmom? ysLbmom? rGefbmom? jrefrm bmom- [laom bmompmayav;rsdK;jzihf ausmuf p ma&;xd k ; rS w f w rf ; wif c J h a v&m jref r mpmayonf ausmuf x uf t u© & m toGifjzihf a&S;OD;ay:ayguf vmcJh&ayonf/ yk*HacwfukefqHk;onhf (13) &mpkaESmif;ydkif;odkY a&muf a omtcg jref r mpmayonf wpf p wpfpjzihf pnfyifzGHUNzdK;vmcJh\/ yk*H ausmufpm rsm;onf tvSL&SifwdkY\rSwfwrf;rQ omjzpf aomf v nf ; tvS L &S i f w d k Y \ cH p m;rI r sm;ES i h f apwemxufoefyHkrsm;rSm pdwf0ifpm;zG,fawmh aumif;ayonf/ tvSL&Sif anmif&rf;BuD; orD;awmf onf uG,v f eG o f cl ifyeG ;f onfudk ]]rdr\ d touf ESiw fh al om? rsupf rd suq f efEiS w fh al om? rdrcd sppf mG aomvif}} [k OyrmtvuFmjzihf olr\cspjf cif; arwåmw&m;Bu;D rm;yHu k kd ausmufpmjzihf azmfusL; cJhavonf/ xdkuJhodkY ausmufpmrsm;enf;wl ]rifpm} rsm;onfvnf; a&S;usaom jrefrmpm ta&;tom;yifjzpfayonf/ yk*HNrdKU&Sd ]avmu xdyyf ef*b l &k m;Bu;D } eH&w H iG f ZmwfawmfBu;D q,fbUJG udk eH&aH q;a&;yef;csjD zihf yHak zmfa&;qGNJ y;D yHt k ñTe;f pmrsm;jzihf rSwfwrf;wifxm;onf/ &mZuk r m&f r if ; om;\ ]jrapwD ausmufpm} ESifh ra&S;raESmif; a&;xkd;xm;aom ]avmuxdyyf ef*b l &k m;} eH&Hay:wGif rifpmrsm; onf ,cktxd tapmqHk;awGU&aom ZmwfBuD; q,fbGJUo½kyfazmf jrefrmpmay (pum;ajy)


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

8

"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G;? bmomra&G;? avmuom;tm;vkH;twGufjzpfonf/

jzpf a yonf / xd k Y t wl y if Ak ' ¨ p mayvm ig;&mhig;q,f Zmwfrsm;ESihf ZmwfBuD;q,fbGJU? Ak'¨0if ponfrsm;udk rSwfwrf;wifxm;aom rifpmrsm;udkvnf; yk*HacwfrSm trsm;tjym; awGU&Sd&ayonf/ yk*HacwfwGif jrefrmpmaypwifay: aygufcJhonhfenf;wl? uAsmtzGJUtEGJUrsm;vnf; ay:aygufcahJ yonf/ acwftqufquf rSww f rf; rsm;t& teEÅo&l , d trwfBu;D \ ]rsuaf jzvuFm} ESihf ]odk;uav;..}} tpcsD ykyÜg;ewfawmifzGJU vuFmwdkYudk yk*HacwfrSm pwifay:aygufaom uAsmrsm;tjzpf tpOftqufrSwfom;cJhMu\/ yif ; ,acwf j ref r mpmay yk*HacwfukefqHk;onhf (13) &mpkrS (14) &mpktwGif; jrif;pdkif;? yif;,? ppfudkif;wdkY wGif jrefrmrif;rsm; xD;eef;pdkufaomacwfudk ]yif;,acwf} [k owfrw S Mf uonf/ yif;,acwf ü tvSLrSwfwrf;rSwf&mjzpfaom ausmufpm acwf qufvufay:xGe;f cJ\ h / ,if;yif;,acwf ausmufpmrsm;wGif tvuFmtqifwefqmwdkY jzihf rSww f rf;wifa&;om;vmMuonf/ &Sib f &k if wk\ Yd *kPu f zkd UJG EGUJ Mu&mü ]bke;f wefc;kd toa&ESifh vnf; jynfhpHkpGmaom? &wemoHkyg;udk tvGef,Hk MunfpGmxaom? &efolcyfodrf;udkvnf; ESdrfeif; xaom...? ponf emr0daooersm;pGmjzihf crf;crf;em;em; a&;zGJUcJhMuonf/ ]r[m0d [ m&- ok " r® m rnf a om ewfobifvsif ajrwGifusodkY tvGefqef;Mu,f wihfw,fpGmxaom? a&Tausmif;BuD;..}} [lí OyrmtvuFmwefqmqifzGJUqdkrIrsdK;udk awGU& onf/ xdkYtwl yif;,acwfwiG f &wk? wsmbGUJ ? umcsif ; - paomuAsmzGJUenf;wdkY ay:xGef; cJo h nf/ ppfa&;jyjrif;cif;obifodkY &Sifbk&ifu wufa&mufcyhJ u kH kd o½kyaf zmfa&;zGUJ aom- ]wsmbGUJ } uAsmESifh jrifpikd ;f om;wd\ Yk ZmwdaoG;? Zmwdrmef ESihf EdkifiHawmfpnfyifom,myHkudk a&;zGJUxm; aom- ]umcsif;} uAsmwdkYonf yif;,acwfü xif&Sm;aom uAsmrsm;jzpfcJhayonf/ tif ; 0acwf j ref r mpmay tif;0acwfonf tif;0ü xD;eef; pwifwnfaxmifaom- (14) &mpktv,frS (16) &mpktxd ESpfaygif; (160) cefY &SnfMum aom acwfjzpf\/ ausmufpmacwf? rifpm acwf? ay&Gufay:wGif unpfwHjzihf pma&; aom- aypmacwfodkY tm;jyKul;ajymif;vmcJh csdefjzpfonf/ tif;0acwf pmqdkawmftrsm;pk rSm &[ef;rsm;jzpfNyD; usefpmqkdawmfrsm;rSm rif;rIxrf;rsm; rif;nDrif;om;rsm;jzpfonf/

xdkYaMumihfvnf; Ak'¨bmomudk tajc cHaom w&m;"r®ESihfpyf,SOfaom pmayrsm;ESihf xD;eef;0ef;usifudk tajccHaom pmayrsm; t&Sdeft[kefjzihfxGef;um;aomacwfrSm tif;0 acwf[k qdk&ayrnf/ tif;0acwfonf tcsdef umv&SnfMumjcif;? EdkifiHawmfNidrf;csrf;om,m jcif;paom taMumif;w&m;rsm;aMumihfvnf; pmaumif;ayrGef trsm;tjym;ay:xGef;cJhaom acwfjzpfcJhayonf/ tif;0acwfrmS ]ayav;yif? &Siaf v;yg v;yg;};} [k xif&Sm;onhf &SifOwårausmf? &Sifr[m oDv0Ho? &Siftkef;ndK? &SifacrmwdkYESihftwl &Sifr[m&|om&? &Sift*¾orm"d? &SifawaZm om&- paom pmqdkrsm;vnf; ay:xGef;cJhMu onf/ pum;ajyusrf;rsm;wGif &Sifr[moDv0H o\ ]&mZ0ifausmf} ESifh ]yg&m,e} 0w¬KwdkYrSm tif;0acwf\xif&Sm;aom pmayrSwfwkdifrsm; yifjzpfonf/ ]&mZ0ifausmf} usrf;onf awGU& orQwGif taumif;qHk; &mZ0ifusrf;jzpf\/ &mZ0iftcsuftvufrsm;jynhfpHkonfomru? pum;ajyta&;tom;t&mwG i f pH e rl e m ,lxkdufaom usrf;wpfapmifjzpfayonf/ &Sifr[moDv0Ho\vuf&m ]yg&m ,e} 0w¬Konfvnf; tapmqHk;ay:xGufvm onhf Ak'¨pmay0w¬Kjzpfonf/ &[ef;a,musfm;? &[ef;r? vla,musfm;? vltrsdK;orD;wdkYwGif eef;rDSpHjyKavmufaomyk*¾dKvf&SpfOD;wdkY\ pdwf0if pm;zG , f & mjzpf & yf r sm;jzpf o nf / ]yg&m,e} [laomygVdawmfpum;t"dyÜm,frSm ]urf;wpfbuf (odrYk [kw)f edAmÁ efoo Ykd mG ;&mvrf;} jzpfayonf/ tif;0acwf jrefrmpmay\xl;jcm; csufrSm uAsmrsm; t&Sdeft[kefjzihf xGef;um; vmjcif;jzpfonf/ txl;tm;jzihf ]ysdKUacwf} [k a c:&avmuf a tmif ysd K UuAsmvuF m rsm; xG e f ; um;cJ h \ / ]ysd K U} trsd K ;tpm;tm;jzih f Ak ' ¨ 0 if Z mwf 0 w¬ K ud k jyef v nf z G J U qd k a om &Sirf [moDv0Ho\ ]qkawmif; cef;ysKd U}? Zmwuudk jyefvnfzGJUqdkaom &Sifr[m &|om&\ ]oH0&ysdKU} rsm;ESihf pmqdkawmfwdkY\ yifudk,f ÓPf j zih f z G J U qd k a om ysd K U- Oyrm- &S i f r [m &|om&\ ]*rÇDom&ysdKU} ESifh uefawmfrif; ausmif ; q&mawmf \ ]avmuom&ysd K U} wdkYtm;jzihf ysdKUESpfrsdK;ESpfpm; awGU&ayonf/ &Sif r[m&|om&\ ]*rÇD&ysdKU} ESihf uefawmfrif;ausmif;q&mawmf\ ]avmu om&ysd K U} wd k Y r S m Mo0g'-tqH k ; trysd K Ursm; jzpfonf/ &Sifr[moDv0HoESihf &Sifr[m&|

om&wdkY\ pmrsm;ESihfywfoufNyD; oHk;oyfMu&m wGif &Sifr[moDv0Ho\pmwdkYrSm vdyf&ifbwf ESiw fh Nl y;D ? &Sirf [m&|om&\pmwdrYk mS xef;wuf orm;&ifbwfESihfwlonf[k qdkMu\/ &Sifr[moDv0Ho\pmwdkYrSm avmukwå&mqdkif&m cJ&mcJqpfrsm;ESifh tpOf ESD;EG,faeNyD;? &Sifr[m&|om&\pmwdkYrSmum; avmuk w å &ma&;ES ih f avmuD a &;taMumif ; ESpyf g; aygif;pyfaeonf[k qdv k &dk if;jzpfayonf/ &S i f r [moD v 0H o \ ]yg&rD a wmf c ef ; ysd K UES i h f qkawmif;cef;ysKd U} wdw Yk iG f ]yg&rD roDEiS }fh [k ajym prSwfjyK&onftxd? avmukwå&ma&;qdkif&m cJ&mcJqpfrsm;yg&Sdayonf/ ayav;yif &S i f a v;yg;wd k Y w G i f yg0ifaom &Sit f ek ;f ndKonfvnf; jrwfpmG bk&m; jynfawmf0ifcef;udk a&;zGJUaom *gxm ajcmufq,fys ysKd Uwpfapmifwnf wnf;jzihf tif;0acwf pmqdk&SifwpfOD;tjzp tjzpff ausm ausmff apmxif apmxif&Sm;cJh\/ tif;0acwfonf jrefrmpum;ajyESifh tvuFm uAsmxGef;um; aomacwf [k qdk&ayonf/ taMumif;rSm tif;0acwfü ysdKUuAsm? {csif; cJhaom uAsm? &wkuAsmrsm; txl;xGef;um; um;cJ aMumihf jzpfayonf/ tif;0acwfwGif uAsmtrsdK;tpm; trsKd ;rsKd ; ay:xGe;f cJ&h mwGif uefawmfrif;ausmif; q&mawmf\ arwåmpmonfvnf; xif&Sm;cJh onf/ xdak rwåmpmonf avmuüawG;awmqif jcifí usihftyf? enf;,lrSwfom;tyfaom? pum;yHk? xHk;wD;enf;emrsm;udk jyoqHk;r&ef a&;om; qufoiG ;f aompmjzpf\/ vG,u f al om pum;Oyrmrsm;jzifh zGUJ qdx k m;apumrl t"dymÜ ,f um; tvGeu f s,0f ef;av;eufvaS yonf/ tif;0 acwf jrefrmpmaytajctaeudk qifjcifo;kH oyf &aomf tif;0acwfonf ]jrefrmpmay} tqihf jrihfrm;aomacwf[k qdk&ayrnf/ awmif i l a cwf j ref r mpmay awmif i l a cwf o nf awmif i l w G i f pwifxD;eef;pdkufaom (15) &mpkaESmif;ydkif;rS awmifilxD;eef;ysufaom (16) &mpkaESmif;ydkif; txd Mumjrihfaomumvjzpf\/ 'kwd,jrefrm EdkifiHawmf pnf;½Hk;xlaxmifaomacwfjzpfonhf tm;avsmf p G m Ed k i f i H a wmf w nf a qmuf a &;? ppf r uf a &;..paom avmuD a &;&mrsm;ud k tm;ay;tm;jyKa&;zGJUaompmayrsm; xGef;um;cJh onf/ pum;ajyrsm;ESihfywfoufNyD; xif&Sm; aomusr;f rSm- rGe0f efBu;D ]Anm;'v} rGeb f mom pmrsuf E S m 11 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/

9

arwåmw&m;ESihf,SOfum opömw&m;eJYaeyg tyÜ r m'Mobmo-oxk H

(,cif t ywf r S t quf ) wpf a vmuvH k ; tES H Y y G m ;rsm;Muapvd k jrwf A k ' ¨ [ m twd k i f ; twmyrmP tuefYtowfrxm;wJh tyÜrmParwåmjzihf rnfolYudkrS csefrxm;bJ vTrf;NcHKum t<uif;rJh arwåmydo Yk &ef ty&drmPHy'k jf zihf jyqdak [mMum; awmfrlcJhygNyD/ þuJhodkY twdkif;t&Snfr&Sd? tuefY towfrxm; tvH;k pHjk yefEY aYHS tmif arwåmjzefyY mG ; yHkudk xif&Sm;ay:vGifapatmif ]arwåÍö}} tp&Sd aom *gxmjzihf xyfrHrdefYMum;awmfrlygw,f/ arwå Í ö oAÁ a vmuod ® H ? rmeoH bm0a, ty&d r mPH / O'¨ H ta"mp wd & d , Íö ? torÁm"H ta0& roywåH/ O'¨-H txufavmut½lyb0üvnf; aumif;? ta"m- atmufjynfavmu umrb0 üvnf;aumif;? wd&, d -H tv,favmu½lyb0 üvnf;aumif;? oAÁavmuod® H-tvHk;pHkaom avmuü? ty&drmPH- twkdif;twm yrmP r&Sdaom? arwåH- arwåmESihf,SOfaom? rmeoHpdwu f ?dk torÁm"H- tydik ;f tjcm;uif; usO;f ajrmif; jcif;r&So d nfu?kd ta0&H- a'go[lbd twGi;f &ef vnf; r&Sdonfudk? toywåH- ESdyfpuf&efrl ty&ef o l v nf ; r&S d o nf u d k ? uwG m -jyKí? bm0a,- yGm;rsm;&m\/ 'Dvkd oajyuefq&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D u teuf a y;xm;ygw,f / qd k v d k & if ; uawmh avmuwpf c G i f 31 bH k r S m &S d M uwJ h txuf avmuvdkYqdk&wJh t½lyb0 (t½ly 4-bHk)? atmufjynfavmuvdkYqdk&wJh umrb0 (umr 11-bHk)? tv,favmuvdkYqdk&wJh ½lyavmu (½ly 16-bH)k aygif;&if 31-bHrk mS &SMd uwJh tvH;k pHk

aom avmuom;rsm;udk tydkif;tjcm; tuefY towfr&Sdaom arwåmpdwfudk ydkif;jcm;rIuif; usOf;ajrmif;jcif;r&SdatmifeJY a'go[laom twGi;f &efç ty&efvnf;r&Sad tmif yGm;rsm;Mu& r,fvdkY qdkxm;ygw,f/ tvG , f q d k & &if a wmh O'¨ H t& txufb0*fwdkifatmif? ta"m t& atmuf t0Dpdwkdifatmif? wd&d,H t& useftv,f&yf 0ef;wGi&f MdS uukeaf om owå0gtm;vH;k udk &nfrw S f NyD; arwåmyGm;rsm;yHkyJjzpfygw,f/ yGm;rsm;wJhtcgrSmvnf;rdrdeJYoabm xm;csi;f rwku d q f ikd o f ?l &efou l ykd if csev f yS rf xm; bJ rdrd\&efolüyif arwåma&mufatmif jyKEdkif ygrS tuefYtowfç usOf;ajrmif;jcif;r&Sd arwåm e,f us,0f ef;oGm;wmudk ]torÁm"} vdYk qdw k myg/ b,f u r® | mef ; bm0emyJ j zpf j zpf pwifusihfyGm;ckdufrSm xufoeftm;aumif;rIeJY rjynhpf w kH wfao;ygbl;/ arwåmbm0emrSmvnf; twl w l y gyJ / tavh t vm&if h u suf v mvd k Y Oypm&psmef? tyÜempsmef tajca&mufatmif tm;xkwfrIaumif;rGefjynhf0vmNyDqdk&ifawmh tvd&k &dS if&o dS vdk avmuwpfciG v f ;kH tESYH jzefu Y suf yGm;rsm;vmEdkifrSmygyJ/ xdkuJhodkY psmeftajctae a&mufatmif yGm;rsm;Edik o f rl sm;&JU arwåmbm0em udkom ]torÁm"} vdq Yk &kd aMumif; jyqdv k akd wmfrl wmyg/ arwå m qd k w m vl ç ewf ç jA[® m owå 0 gtaygif ; csrf ; omMuygap[k þod k Y tusd K ;vd k v m;rI awmihfwrIygaom ta&miftaoG;uif;rJhonhf cspfcifjrwfEdk;jcif;onfyif arwåmoabmrSef jzpfygw,f/ arwåm&JU o½kyw f &m;ud, k o f abmu ]ta'go} apwoduyf g/ ta'goyk'u f kd b,fvkd ñTefjyovJqdk&if 0dok'¨dr*f? jA[®0d[m&eda'´o 0PÖem? arwåmbm0emuxmrSm 'Dvdkjyqdkxm; ygw,f/ ta'goed a '´ o - ta'go-yk ' f \

eda'´oü? arwåd- cspfjcif; (0g) csrf;omapvdk jcif;? arwåm,em- cspfaomtjcif;t&m (0g) csr;f omapvdak omtjcif;t&m? arwåm,dwwå-H cspfonf\tjzpf (0g) csrf;omapvdkonf\ tjzpfvdkY zGifhqdkjyxm;ygw,f/ qufNyD;awmhvnf; cGifhvTwfonf;cH jcif; cEÅDw&m;onfvnf; a'goç tmCmw tp&Sad om qefu Y sib f ufw&m;wdu Yk kd y,fazsmuf wwfaomoabmaMumihf arwåmbm0emyGm;rsm; olwdkif; vufudkifjyKxm;&rnhfw&m;jzpfaMumif; qdkxm;ygao;w,f/ 'ghaMumihfvnf; ]arwåmqdk wm cGihfvTwfjcif;} vdkY ajymqdkaeMu? oHk;EIef;ae Mu&jcif;yg/ e,f j cm;awmif w ef ; omoemjyK q&m aw awmfmfbk&m;BuD;uqdkvQif ]]arwåm[m avmuBuD; wpfckvHk;rSm tcsrf;omqHk;w&m; Bu;D yJ/ csr;f om rIwumwdrYk mS b,fcsr;f omeJrY S rwlbl;? arwåmw&m;udkom pGJpGJNrJNrJvufudkif xm;Edkif&if (vQif) oHo&musifvnf&onhf wdkifatmif bmrSaMumuf p&mr&Sdawmhbl;}} &,fvdkY xkwfazmfrdefYxm;cJhygw,f/ xif&mS ;wJt h jcm;aom q&mawmfBu;D rsm;pGmvnf; arwåm&JUoabm? arwåm&JUtusdK; tmedoifajrmufjrm;pGmudk av;av;eufeuf azmfñTef;zGihfqdkxm;wmawGvnf; rsm;pGm&Sdaeyg ao;w,f/ 'ghtjyif y#dorÇd'gr*f? arwåmuxm rSmvnf; arwåmtusdK; (11) yg;wdkYudk jyqdkNyD; arwåmyGm;rsm;enf;rsm;udv k nf; jyqdx k m;onfukd avhvmEdkifMuygao;w,f/ tusOf;tm;jzihf £a`E´ (5) yg;? Adkvf (5) yg;? aAmZÑif (7) yg;? r*¾if (8) yg;wdkYjzihf tydik ;f tjcm;rJh ysUH ESaYH om arwåmapawm0drw k u då kd jzpfaptyfaMumif;? Burd zf efrsm;pGmrS0D t J yfaMumif; ponftm;jzihf tao;pdyfvrf;ñTef a[mMum; xm;yHkrsm;jzpfMuygw,f/ ñTe;f = arwåow k f (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf / )


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

10

"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/

igr&SdwJh o½kyfaqmifavmu ynmEG , f ({&majr-"Ek j zL)

igr&SdwJh o½kyfaqmifavmuBuD;xJ rSm r&SdwJhigukd ukdifpGJvkdY igyJykdif igyJEkdif&r,f/ ighrdom;pk aumif;pm;zkdY wHcGefvkdaxmifNyD; rw&m;wJhenf;eJY pD;yGm;&Sm toufarG;wJhvl wpfOD;ukd awGUzl;ygw,f/ vGefcJhwJh ESpfaygif; ajcmufq,fausmf0ef;usifavmufu wkdif;a&; jynfa&; rNidrfroufjzpfaewJhtcsdef awmrD; avmif awmaMumifvufcarmif;cwf qkdovkd vufeuftm;ukd;eJY "m;jywkdufcJholaygh/ "m;jy qkdawmh b,folaoao? iawrm&ifNyD;a&m qkdNyD; xifwkdif;BuJcJhwJholyg/ tJ'Dtcsdefu &Gmol &Gmom;awG[m olwdkYawGukd aMumuf&w,f/ rxif&if rxifovdk owfjzwfwwfwmaMumihf olwdkYvm&if 'l;wkHaeMuNyD/ &GmxJrSmaeMuwJh &Gmolav;awG[m wpftdrfwpfa,muf wpfaeY ukd okH;OD;useJY "m;jyBuD;&JUtdrfrSm xrif;csuf [if;csuf? t0wfavQmf? yef;uefaq;? uav; tESD;ygrusef atmufajcodrf; tukefvkyfay; Mu&w,f/ 'gawmif tcefYroihf&if t½kdufcH tqJcH&w,f/ 'DvkdeJY AkdvfustEkdifusihfcJhwJhumv awG vGefcJhNyD; AkdvfusvdkYr&awmhwJh Nidrf;csrf;wJh acwfukda&mufvmawmh wpfcsdefu AkdvfuscJhwJh raumif;usK;d awGudk tck jyefcaH e&Ny/D igwaum aumcJhwJh igorm;[m igvkyfwm igcH&awmh igwpfa,mufxJygvm;qkdwm em;vnfoGm;NyD xif w ,f / ajcacsmif ; vuf a csmif ; awG [ m olYtvkdvkd um;xGufukefNyD; vkHcsnfawmif jyefr0wfEkdifwJhtxd oljyefcHae&w,f/ wpfcsdef u ihgom;orD; ihgZeD;qkdNyD; igqkdwJhtwåpdwfeJY &SmazGauR;arG;cJhayr,fh ckawmh olYukd xrif; eyfrSefatmif b,fom;orD;urS vmrauR;Mu awmhbl;/ iwfwvSnhf jywfwvSnhfeJY 'ku©cH ae&w,f/ 'g[m oljyKchJwJh raumif;rI&JUtusKd; ay;yJayhg/ ukd,fjyKwJhuH ukd,fjyefcH&wm "r®wm ygyJ/ aMumuf&if olYvkdrvkyfeJY? twåorm;awG

twGuf aemufqkH;&v'f[m raumif;usKd;yJ qkdwm oabmykdufoihfygw,f/ raumif;usKd; rvkv d m;&if raumif;rIudk a&Smif&r,f/ raumif; rIukda&SmifrS raumif;usKd;rvmrSm/ wpf a vmuvk H ; rS m &S d a ewJ h vl a wG tm;vkH;ukd jrwfAk'¨&JUtbd"r®mw&m;oabmeJY Munhf&if ½kyfemrftpk "gwftpkawGyJjzpfw,f/ igqkdwm wu,fawmh txifrSm;ygyJ/ ½kyfemrf w&m;awG u vG J N yD ; igrS r &S d w m/ r&S d w muk d t&SdtxifeJY rkdufrdMuawmh rkdufjypfawGukd rkdufrdMuwJholawG jyefcHMu&w,f/ iguawmh olaX;Bu;D qkNd y;D *kPaf rmufaewJo h v l nf; ao& wmygyJ/ igqkdwJhtxifeJY uyfygaewJh ½kyf0w¦K ypönf; wefckd;MoZm? tmPm? yg0g? ynm pwJh avmurSm taumif;qkH;vkdYqkdxm;wJht&mawG ukd toD;oD;ykdifqkdifxm;MuwJholawGtm;vkH; aoqkH;NyD;aemuf igeJYigykdifawGukd bmaMumihf csefxm;cJh azsmufypfcJhMu&wmvJvkdY awG;Munhf rdw,f/ tpaumif;rS taESmif;aocsmr,f wJh/ igqdkwmtpurS r&Sdawmh aemufqufwGJ awG b,fvmNy;D aumif;yghrvJ/ raumif;wmukd raumif;rSe;f odrS raumif;rIudk a&SmifMuOfEidk rf mS r[kwfygvm;/ raumif;rI tukokdvfawGukd jyKvkyfwJhol[m raumif;usKd;awGukd jyefcH&csdef rSmawmh oem;p&mxkdY xif&ayr,fh oljyKcJhwJh raumif;rIawGukd Munhfr,fqkd&if olYtwGuf xkdufwefwJh&v'fvkdY qkd&rSmyg/ wpfcsdefu olwpfyg;ukd ½kdufcJhwJhvufawG xrif;yef;uef ukd ukid Nf y;D rpm;Ekid af wmhb;l / uefcw hJ ahJ jcaxmuf [mvnf; ukd,fukd xdef;rwfray;Ekdifawmhbl;/ igqkw d hJ rmefrmerku d v f ;Hk Bu;D eJY Akv d u f scw hJ v hJ Bl u;D [m ckawmh rpifvl;wJhzsmpkwfay:rSm aojcif; w&m;ukd xdwfvefYpGmeJY apmihfBuKdae&w,f/ 'Dvkd avmuZmwfckHay:u jyZmwf wpfyk'fukd jrifawGU&awmh rdrdrSwfom;zl;wJh vuFmav;wpfyk'fukd trSwf&rdw,f/ b,frSmig[k &SdtHhenf; wJh/ b0Zmwf c k H þvl Y b k H ü ? rsKd ; pk H u Mu rmef r meES i h f ? ig[mol a X; igya*;[k ? igaoG ; wuf < u vl Y A mvwk d Y ?

rsm;vS j zmjzm t0d Z Æ m ES i h f ? wPS m bD v l ; tarS m ih f y l ; í? usL;usL;ausmf a usmf *kPfukdazmfvsuf? armf a rmf a rmuf a rmuf igwpf a ,muf o m? rkd;atmufwvTm; a&Tukd,fvm;[k? xif r S m ;rvG J ok d Y p Of p G J v nf ; ? Zmwf y G J N yD ; u jynf z k H ; csaomf ? ok b &mZm ajcatmuf r S m yif ? bmomvl r sKd ; csd e f r xk d ; bJ ? yk y f o k d ; cE¨ m jr§ K yf & &S m onf ? b,f r S m ig[k &S d t H h e nf ; / 'DvuFmav;[m igqkdwJh xifwpfvkH; eJY rmefrme wufaeMuolawGtwGuf &nf&G,f a&;om;cJhykH&ygw,f/ &S i f o ef a rG ; zG m ;jcif ; eJ Y twlygvmwmu aojcif;w&m;yg/ &Sifoef jcif ; aoqk H ; jcif ; ES p f c k & J U Mum;umvrS m owå0ggawG awG [ m o½k y f o @mef r sKd ; pk H e J Y ujy aeMu&wJ h b0oH o &mxJ u Zmwf a qmif awGvkdY jrifrdw,f/ 'gayr,fh tJ'Dowå0gawG rSm rdrdESpfouf&m tcef;u o½kyfaqmifEkdifwJh a&G ; cs,f c G i h f a wmh & S d w ,f / rd r d E S p f o uf & mrS m o½kyfaqmifEkdifw,f/ raumif;wJh tukokdvf jzpfapwJhtcef;u o½kyfaqmifrvm;? aumif; wJh ukokdvfjzpfapwJhtcef;u o½kyfaqmif rvm;qkdwmyJ a&G;cs,f&rSmyg/ rd r d o ½k y f a qmif & wJ h tcef ; [m raumif;rIeJYaumif;rI 'DESpfck&JUZmwfodrf;rSm tu,f'rDqv k rdk sK;d &v'f&NdS y;D om;yg/ aumif;wJh bufrSm o½kyfaqmif&if aumif;wJhqkawG& r,f / raumif ; wJ h b uf r S m o½k y f a qmif & if raumif;wJhqk tnHhawGyJ&r,f/ rdrdukd,fwkdif 'g½kdufwmvkyf? rdrdukd,fwkdif ZmwfñTef;a&;? rdrd ukd,fwkdif o½kyfaqmif&rSmqkdawmh igqkdwJh rmefrmeawGukd ukdifpGJNyD; ed'gef;rS ed*kH;txd ½k d u f j yo½k y f a qmif o G m ;rvm;/ 'grS r [k w f rmefrmeuif;wJhZmwf½kyfeJY ed*kH;csKyf o½kyfazmf oGm;rvm;qkdwmygyJ/ rdrdvkdvm;wJhqkeJY wkdif;wmNyD; rdrd pd w f B uKd u f y k H a zmf & rS m yJ j zpf w ,f / igr&S d w J h o½kyfaqmifavmuBuD;xJrSm rdrdo½kyfaqmif


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/ ae&wJ h wpf b 0wmZmwf 0 if c ef ; tpuae vuf&Sdtcsdefxd rdrdb,fvdktcef;u o½kyf aqmifaeovJqkdwm jyefNyD; a0zefqef;ppf Munhfoihfw,f/ 'grS rdrdo½kyfaqmifaewJh tcef;[m vlMurf;ç vlqkd;ae&muvm;? Zmwf vdkufrif;om;ae&muvm; qkdwm odrSmyg/ Zmwf½IyfeJY Zmwf½kyfawGukd NiD;aiGUpdwf0ifvm &ifawmh taumif;qkH;vkdY qkd&rSmyg/ avmurSm igqkdwJh wpfbkdYxJorm; &,f ? trsm;tusKd ; twG u f uk d , f u sKd ; pG e f Y tepfemcHol&,f 'DESpfrsKd;vkH;twGuf wpfb0 wm o½kyfaqmifcJhwJh qkv'f(odkYr[kwf) tusKd; w&m;awGuawmh uGmjcm;rIeJY oD;jcm;pD &Sdae w,f/ oHo&mZmwfckHBuD;ay:u vGwfajrmuf atmif taumif;qk;H o½kyrf azmforQ umvywf vkH; b0b0awGxJrSm idkMu &,fMu aoMueJY vSnyfh wfo½kyaf qmifae&OD;rSmyJvYdk awG;rdw,f/ 'gaMumihf igqkdwJhrmefrmeawG[m vSnfhywfcHxm;&wJhtrSwfrSm; txifrSm;awGvkdY todw&m;&Sif;&Sif;av; jrifodMur,fqkd&if avmu"r® nDrQatmifusihfokH;NyD; o½kyfaqmif avmuxJu vGwfajrmufapwJh opömw&m; vrf;rSeaf y: avQmufrMd uvdrrfh ,fvYdk jrifrw d ,f/ a&SUrSmjycJhwJh "m;jyBuD;vkd vlqkd;cef; u o½kyfaqmifawG rjzpfMu&avatmif twå eJ Y r mef r meawG u d k rsuf E S m ok w f y k 0 gu (*sD ; ) acs;awGvkd ajymifpifatmifaq;aMumokwfoif Mu&r,f / od k Y y grS tuk o d k v f j zpf a pwJ h p d w f enf;onfxufenf;NyD; uif;onfxufuif; aysmufoGm;rSm r[kwfygvm;/ tukokdvfjzpfap wJh pdwfenf;NyD; uif;aysmufoGm;rS opömodNyD; wJh edAÁmefukd rsufarSmufjyKNyD;MuwJh t&d,m yk*¾KdvfwdkYvkd o½kyfaqmifavmurS tNyD;jywf vGwfajrmufMu&rSmjzpfygw,f/ wpfb0wm o½k y f a qmif c sd e f a v;rqk H ; cif o½k y f a qmif avmuoHo&mBu;D xJu vGwaf jrmufapEkid jf cif; tusK;d udak y;wJh jrwfA'k &¨ UJ opömw&m;awmfawG ½IyGm;NyD; taumif;qkH;Zmwfaqmifqk edAÁmef csrf ; omuk d &&S d M uí igr&S d w J h o ½k y f a qmif avmuoHo&mZmwfckHBuD;ay:u tNyD;xm0& vGwfajrmufEkdifMuygapvdkY qE´jyK&if; ed*kH;csKyf vdu k yf gw,f/ tm;vk H ; yJ usef ; rmcsrf ; omMuygap ynmEG , f ( {&majr-"Ek j zL) ñT e f ; Ak ' ¨ w &m;pmayrsm;

pmrsuf E S m 6 rS rNyD ; ao;ay/ rd r d v k y f i ef ; ES i h f y wf o uf a om tquftoG,faumif;&&Sd? aps;uGufckdifrmrI&&Sd zdkYuvnf; ta&;BuD;ayonf/ uH? ÓPf? 0D&d, wdkYum; rygvQifrNyD;ay/ qdck o hJ nht f wkid ;f ]uH} [lonf twdwf uH? ypöKyÜefuH[l tMurf;tm;jzihf ESpfpkcGJjcm;Edkif onf/ ypöKyeÜ u f [ H q k t kd yfaom ud, k jf zihBf uKd ;pm; vkyaf qmifr?I EIwjf zihf qufqaH &;aumif;rI? pdwf jzihf tBuHtpnfaumif;rsm; tawG;tjrifopf rsm; &&Srd w I u Ykd kd ,SONf yKd iEf ikd af omfvnf; twdwu f H aumif; ygvmoludkum; NydKifír&wwfay/ uH a umif ; aom pD ; yG m ;a&;Nyd K if b uf u ausmfwufoGm;wwfayonf/ odkYjzpf&m- ukefoG,fpD;yGm;tusdK;rsm; ap&ef tvSL'geudkvnf; jyK&efvdkayonf/ pD;yGm;wufvmvQifvnf; txl;owdxmoifh onf/ tvSL'geaumif;rI jyKay;oihfonf/ odkYr[kwfygu ypönf;u rpGefYbJ vlu Opöm"e ypön;f awGukd pGecYf mG oGm;&wwfayonf/ "r®vrf; aMumif;udkvnf; arhrxm;oifhay/ uk e f o G , f p D ; yG m ; BuD ; yG m ;csrf ; omMuygap/ rH k & G m aeZm ñT e f ; - y&mb0w&m; pmrsuf E S m 8 rS rS jrefrmjyefqdka&;om;aom ]&mZ"d&mZfta&; awmfyHkusrf;} jzpfonf/ xdkusrf;wGif [Hom0wD bk&if? &mZ"d&mZfESifh tif;0bk&ifrif;acgifwdkY tiftm;NyKd iMf uaomppfyrJG sm;udk aemufcjH yKvsuf rif;ESpfyg;tygt0if ol&Jaumif;wdkY\ oGifjyif rl,mrsm;udk jrifuiG ;f us,yf ef;csu D m;csyBf u;D ozG,?f o½k y f a zmf x m;onf / rif ; acgif ? &mZ"d & mZf (Anm;EGJU) rif;&JausmfpGm? trwf'def? AswfZ? Asnf;EGJU? v*Gef;tdrf? tJrGef',m? ordefA&rf; paom ol&Jaumif;rsm;udk pma&;ol rGef0efBuD; Anm;'vu ½kyfvHk;<uvmatmif o½kyfazmf a&;om;xm;onf/

11

uAsmESiyfh wfoufvQiv f nf; awmifil acwf o nf ]{csif;} acwf[k ajym&avmuf atmif ]{csif ; }rsm; ay:xG u f v monf / avSmfum;oHk; axmifrSL;- e0a';BuD;paom {csif;pmqdkrsm;u rif;w&m;r,fawmf{csif;? ewf&Sifr,fawmf{csif;? bk&ifhESrawmf{csif; ponf j zih f {csif ; tzG J U cH yk * ¾ d K vf t rnf u d k tpGjJ yKvsuf {csi;f zGq J ckd MhJ uonf/ t&G,fa&muf NyD;aom rif;om;? rif;orD;wdkYudk avQmufxm; [ef zGJUEGJUaom{csif;udk ]em;awmf oGif;{csif;} [k ac:onf/ {csif;uAsmxGef;um;ovdk awmifil jref r mpmayacwf r S m &wk u Asmrsm;vnf ; acwf pm;cJo h nf/ tif;0rS awmifilxD;eef;odkY cdk0ifvm aom ]&SifaxG;emodrf} onf Zmwdajr jzpf a om tif ; 0ud k vG r f ; qG w f w rf ; wonh f &wkwpfy'k f a&;zGUJ cJ&h m? pmqd&k iS f ]&Siaf xG;emodr}f aoaomtcgusrS xdk&wkudk acgif;tHk;atmuf u awGU&Sd Mu&avonf/ tvGrf;o½kyfay:vGif aom&wk wpfyk'fjzpfonf[k qdkayonf/ &wk- yk'fa&oHk;&mausmfa&;zGJUcJhaom e0a';rif;BuD;ESihf &wkbk&if[kxif&Sm;cJhaom pmqdkawmf ewfoQifaemifwdkY awmifiljrefrm pmayacwfrSm ay:xGef;cJhMuonf/ bk&m;wkdif? aus;ap? ppfcsD? armifbGJU? r,fbGJU? &moDbGJU ponfjzihf &wkrsdK;pHkzGJUqdkcJhMuonf/ yk*HacwfrS pwifay:aygufcJhaom qHxHk;xHk;enf; (55) rsdK; udk a&;zGJUxm;aom- &a0&SifaxG;\ ][efcsif;} uAsmonfvnf; awmifilacwfrSm xif&Sm;cJhay onf/ txl;tm;jzihf awmifijl refrmpmayacwf onf 'kwd,jrefrmEdkifiHawmfwnfaqmufaom acwfjzpfonfESifhtnD Zmwdrmefwuf<uzG,f pmayrsm; acwfpm;cJhayonf/ &S i f Ó P(zsmyk H ) usrf ; ñT e f ; OD ; azarmif w if \ jref r mpmayork d i f ;

vlrItusdK;jyK atmifNidrf;csrf;ukodkvfjzpfaq;cef; atmifNidrf;csrf; rdk;ukwf0dyóem"r®&dyfom tzGJUcGJ trSwf (365) ½Icif;om&yfuGuf? omauwNrdKUe,f? &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;/ zkef;- 559528 tywf p Of p aeaeY aeYv,f 1;00 em&DrS - 3;00 em&Dxd aq;0g;ukoEkdifygonf/ aq;0g;ypönf;vSL'gef;vdkolrsm; vSL'gef;Edkifygonf/ zkef;- 559528


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

12

"r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/

yef;wpfyGihf&JUtm;rmef a&T u ef t&S i f M obmooD & d

]][,f rm&f e wf ? yk x k Z Of w k d Y & J U pd w f ES v k H ; uk d &T i f N yKH ; atmif aoG ; aqmif w wf w J h umr*k P f w &m;awG u k d igtvk d r &S d b l ; ? oih f uJ h o k d Y a om owå 0 grk d u f w d k Y o mvQif jrwf E k d ; avh & S d M uygw,f } } (0dZ,max&D) jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif vufxufawmftcg u &mZN*Kd[fjynfrSm 0dZ,mvdkYac:wJh tvGef acsmarmwJh trsKd;orD;wpfa,muf&SdcJhzl;ygw,f/ ½kyf&nfu acsmarmvSyovkd trsKd; tEG,ftm;jzihfvnf; *kPf&Sdawmh ]0dZ,m} [m &mZN*Kd[fNrKdU&JU xif&Sm;wJhtrsKd;orD;awGxJu wpfOD;tygt0ifygyJ/ 0dZ,m[m wpfOD;wnf;ae&ifawmh 'D a vmuf x if a y:csif r S xif a y:vd r f h r nf / bmaMumih f v nf ; qk d a wmh 0d Z ,meJ Y t aygif ; tazmf oli,fcsif;[m &mZN*Kd[frSm tvGefw&m rS xif&Sm;NyD; tvSbk&ifrwpfOD;jzpfwJh bk&if AdrÁdom&&JU t*¾ra[oD rdzk&m;jzpfvkdYygyJ/ acrm0wDqkdwm tvSeJYywfouf&if tvGefw&mrS rmeBuD;wJhyk*¾Kdvfyg/ a[m'D a vmuBuD ; twG i f ; rS m ol Y avmufvSwJholqkdwm r&Sdbl;vdkYukd xifxm;wm ukd;/ tJ'Dvkdxif&Sm;ausmfMum;oleJY aygif;oif;vdkY vnf; 0dZ,m&JUowif;[m xif&Sm;jcif;jzpf ygw,f/ avmurS m ausmf M um;ol a wG e J Y

aygif ; wk d i f ; vnf ; rausmf M um;Ek d i f y gbl ; / ausmf M um;ol awG & J U usif h p Of t wk d i f ; usih f r S ud k , f y gausmf M um;wJ h vl w pf a ,muf j zpf vmrS m yg/ 'DvkdygyJw&m;jzihfaeaom olawmfaumif; awGeJY aygif;oif;qufqHNyD; olwdkYvkd w&m;jzihf raewwf b l ; / rusih f B uH w wf b l ; qk d y gu uk d , f [ m w&m;jzih f a eol w pf a ,muf jzpfvmrSr[kwf ygbl;/ olawmfaumif;awGeJY aeolqkdwm olawmfaumif;w&m;ukd usihfBuHaerS olawmf aumif;awGeJY ae&usKd;eyfrSmyg/ tckvnf; 0dZ,m[m tvStwGufom pdwf0ifpm;wJh acrmeJaY ygif;oif;vdYk olr[mvnf; acrmuJo h Ykd tvSukdyJ pdwf0ifpm;cJhwmayhg/ 'gayr,fhtpOftNrJajymif;vJwwfwJh avmu ed,mr twkdif; 0dZ,mtzkdY omoemawmf&JU t&dyfrSm ckdvIHzkdY taMumif;wpfcku ay:vm ygw,f/ tJ'guawmh tjcm;r[kwaf y/ tvS xdyaf cgifwif acrmrdz&k m;wpfa,muf omoemh abmiftwGi;f 0ifa&mufum &[ef;jyKawmhr,f qkw d o hJ wif;ygyJ/ omrefvlwpfa,muf &Sif&[ef;jyK wm[m bmrSrxl;jcm;ayr,fh acrmrdzk&m; uJhodkY rdrd&JUtvSw&m;ukd jrwfEkd;NyD; &[ef;

oHCmawGeJY tvSrf;a0;uGm &mZN*Kd[fbk&if AdrÁdom&&JU t*¾ra[oDjzpfwJh acrmrdzk&m; omoemh a bmif 0 if a &muf w J h o wif ; [m xl;jcm;wJhjzpf&yfwpfck vdkjzpfaeygw,f/ 'Dowif;ukdMum;awmh 0dZ,mwpf a,muf oHa0*ÓPfawG jzpfay:vmcJhw,f/ acrmrdzk&m;uJhodkY a&Teef;awmfBuD;rSm &Ha&TawmfawGeJY aysmfyg;csifwkdif; aysmfyg;? cHpm; csifwkdif; cHpm;? cHpm;EkdifwJholu umr*kPf tm½kHawGukd om,mp&mvdkYrjrifbJ y,fcGm oGm;w,f/ 'DavmufBuD;rm;wJh pnf;pdrf&SifrBuD; awmifrS &[ef;jyKEkdifao;wm? igwdkYvdkvlawGu bmaMumihfrsm; &[ef;rjyKEkdif&rSmvJ/ 0dZ,m&JUtawG;tac:[m ynm&Sd wpfa,mufyDovSygw,f/ bmaMumifhvJqkd awmh avmurSm vlokH;rsKd;&Sdygw,f/ (1) wcsKUd yk*K¾ v d af wG[m olwpfyg;awGuMdk unhNf y;D oHa0*ÓPf jzpfay:ygw,f/ (2) wcsKdUyk*¾KdvfawGusjyefawmh rdrdukd,fwkdif&JU jzpf ysuu f jdk rifNy;D oHa0*ÓPf jzpfay:ygw,f/ (3) wcsKdUyk*¾Kdvfusjyefawmh rdrdukdvnf;aumif;? olwpfyg;ukv d nf;aumif; MunhNf y;D oHa0*ÓPf jzpfay:rI r&SdMuygbl;/ tJ'DvloHk;rsKd;xJrSm eHygwf(1)trsKd; tpm;[m tawmfqkH;ESihf ynmt&SdqkH;jzpfNyD; eHygwf(3)yk*K¾ v d u f awmh tnHq h ;Hk eJY ynmtrJq h ;Hk jzpfvkdYygyJ/ olwpfyg;ukdMunhfNyD; oHa0*ÓPf jzpfay:zkq Yd w dk m wu,fawmh a[m'DavmurSm tvGef&Sm;wJh yk*¾KdvfrsKd;jzpfygw,f/ rsm;aomtm;jzihf tJ'DavmuBuD; twGif;rSm rdrd&JU'ku©aum olwpfyg;&JU'ku©ukdyg awGUjrifaeygvsufeJY oHa0*ÓPf rjzpfay:ol awGu rsm;vdkYygyJ/ 0dZ,mvkd yk*¾KdvfrsKd;uawmh &SmrS&Sm; ayhg/ 0dZ,m[m acrmrdz&k m;eJyY wfoufNy;D oH a 0*ÓPf j zpf a y:cJ h a wmh yk * ¾ K d v f c if a wmh w&m;rifqw dk t hJ wkid ;f acrmax&Dr&S&d m bduK© erD


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/ ausmif;ukdoGm;NyD; w&m;em,lygw,f/ acrmax&D r [m 0d Z ,mw&m;em wmukdjrifawmfrlwmeJY]]omoemawmftwGif;rSm bdu©KeDr wpfyg; wkd;yGm;vmwmayhg}} [k tm½kHjyKum 0dZ,mukd umr*kPf&JUtjypfawGukd a[mMum; ygw,f/ 0dZ,m[m acrmax&DrxHu w&m; awGukd emMum;NyD;wJhaemufrSm omoemtwGif; 0ifa&mufcsifwJhpdwfawG wzGm;zGm; jzpfay: vmygw,f/ 'geJY acrmax&Dukd avQmufxm;NyD; bdu©KeDrtjzpf 0ifa&mufvmygawmhw,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tqkH;trjzpfaom omoem(3)&yfü y&d,wådomoem? y#dywåd omoem? y#da0"omoem&,fvkYd okH;rsKd;&Sdyg w,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m;\omoemawmftwGif;odkY 0ifa&mufvmolrsm;taejzihf omoem(3)&yfeJY uif;uGmír&ay/ xkdomoemokH;&yftwGif;rSmvnf; y&d,wåd omoem (oifMum; oif,ljcif;)? y#dywådomoem (usihfBuHtm;xkwfjcif;) ESpf&yf onf tajccHoabmw&m;awGjzpfygw,f/ tJ ' D t ajccH o abmw&m;rsm;uk d usio fh ;Hk cH,l aqmufwnfr&I rdS o S mvQif omoem twGif;ü aeoljzpfygvdrfhr,f/ wpf e nf ; tm;jzih f q k d & ygrl jrwf p G m bk&m;&Sif tvkdawmfus omoemtwGif;rSm aexkid w f o hJ v l nf; jzpfygw,f/ 'Dvrdk rS [kwb f -J omoemokH;&yfukd rusihfokH; rcH,l raqmufwnfbJ aernfqydk gu omoemawmf ES i h f rtyf p yf o vk d omoemh 0 ef x rf ; vnf ; r[kwfawmhyg/ wpfenf;tm;jzihfqkd&vQif jrwfpGm bk&m;&Sif tvkdawmfus aejcif;r[kwfovdk omoemawmfEiS fh tyfpyfaomaeenf;rsK;d vnf; r[kwfawmhay/ 0dZ,max&Druawmh jrwfpGmbk&m; &Sif tvkdawmfus 0ifa&mufvmwJholjzpfyg w,f/ 'gaMumifh ol[m omoemtwGif;ukd a&mufwmeJY y&d,wådeJY y#dywådukd wGJpyfNyD; usihfygw,f/ OyZÑm,f a x&D r BuD ; xH u w&m; tm;xk w f e nf ; awG u k d pepf w usoif , l N yD ; qdwfNidrf&m ur®|mef;ausmif;wpfckrSm BuKd;pm; tm;xkwfygw,f/ odkYaomfol r &J U tm½k H a wG [ m vG i h f y g;um orm"dyif wnfaqmufvkdYr&Ekdifatmif jzpfae

ygw,f/ ax&Dr[m b,fvkdyJ tm;xkwf tm; xkwf orm"dr&awmh pdwyf suv f mygw,f/ pdwf ysufvmwJhol[m tvkyfukd vkyfcsifpdwfawGyg ukefcrf;oGm;wwfygw,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifuvnf; ,kwfnHh aom 0D&d,jzihf jrifhjrwfaomb0ukd r&Ekdifbl; vdkY a[mxm;wm&Sdygw,f/ orm"drwnfMunf awmh pdwfawGuvGihfyg;? pdwfawGvGihfyg;awmh ysif;&dvmum w&m;tm;xkwfcsifpdwfr&SdbJ 0d Z ,max&D r [m raumif ; wJ h t m½k H a wG 0ifvmw,f/ ]]omoemrSm &[ef;tvkyfukd pdwf ESvkH;wnfwHhpGmjzihf 0dyóemtvkyfukd vkyf& wm[mvnf ; rvG , f u l y gvm;? ,ck t cg iguk, d w f idk yf if ur®|mef;ausmif;ud0k ifNy;D w&m; tm;xk w f y gaomf v nf ; pd w f a wG v G i h f y g;NyD ; orm"dyif r&Ekid yf gvm;? orm"dr&bJ ur®|mef; ausmif;rSm £a`E´BuD;eJYxkdifae&wm tvGef qif;&JwmyJ/ onftvkyfukdrvkyfbJ omref ukov dk af v;eJyY aJ ewmaumif;ygw,f}} tm;avsmhwJh tawG;awGeJY 0dZ,m ax&Dr ur®|mef;ausmif;av;ay:uae qif; vkdufwm ausmif;atmufa&mufawmh]]w&m;&atmif jyeftm;xkwfrSyJ}} vdkY pdwfaumif;ESvkH;aumif;0ifNyD; ausmif;ay: wpfzefjyefwufum w&m;jyefNyD; ½IrSwfvdkuf w,f/ w&m;½IrSwfawmh orm"dr&? orm"dr& awmh ausmif;ay:uqif;? aemuf jyefwwf/ av;ig;Budrfavmuf tqif;twwf vkyfNyD;awmh ]]w&m;r&jcif;taMumif;ukd acrm ax&DrxH avQmuf&r,f}} 'geJY acrmax&DrxHomG ;um pdwaf wG vGihfyg;NyD; orm"dr&EkdifwJhtaMumif;awGukd avQmufxm;ygw,f/ acrmax&Duvnf; orm"d&EkdifwJh enf;vrf;aumif;awGtjyif cE¨m? tm,we? "gwf tp&SdwJh y&rwfoabmw&m;rsm;ukdyg a[mazmfjyvkdufygw,f/ 0d Z ,max&D [ m acrmax&D x H u w&m;ukdem,lNyD;awmh pdwf"gwfawGu wuf<u vmNyD; ur®|mef;ausmif;ukd a&mufvmw,f/ 'Dwpfacgufuawmh t&iftacguf eJYrwlawmhbl;/ ax&Dr[m w&m; r&ç&atmif tm;xkwfr,fvdkY qkH;jzwfxm;w,f/ w&m;&rS omvQif 'Dausmif;av;ay:u qif;r,fvkdY t"d|mefxm;w,f/ tu,fí w&m;r&cJhygu-

13

xkdif&muvnf; rxawmhbl;/ tpm tm[m& ukdvnf; rokH;aqmifawmhbl;/ aocsifvnf; aoawmh/ ,ck &&Sdxm;wJhtoufukd jruf avmufyif ta&;rxm;awmhbl;vdkY qkH;jzwf xm;ygw,f/ t"d|mefyg&rDukd jyif;xefpGmusihfokH; r,fvYdk qk;H jzwfxm;whJ 0dZ,max&D[m owdudk a&SUxm;Ny;D ÓPf? 0D&, d w&m;rsm;jzihf tm;xkwf vkdufwm ckepf&ufajrmufaomaeYrSm &[EÅm jzpfawmfrlcJhygw,f/ yk*¾Kdvfwpfa,muf[m w&m;xl;ukd &zkdYqkd&if t*Fg(5)csufeJY jynhfpkH&ygr,f/ tJ'D t*Fgig;yg;xJrSm wpfyg;yg; csKdU,Gif;aeygu w&m;xl;r&Ekdifay/ xkdig;yg;ukd y"med,*Fw&m;(5)yg;vkdY vnf; ac:ygw,f/ wpfenf;tm;jzihfajym&&if w&m;xl;&EkdifwJhtaMumif;t&mig;rsKd;ayhg/ tu,fí tJ'Dig;csufukd ajymif;jyef tm;jzihfqkdygu (ty"med,*F) w&m;r&EkdifwJh taMumif;awGygyJ/ w&m;&Ek d i f w J h ig;yg;qk d w m1/ jrwf p G m bk & m;\w&m;awmf t ay:rS m ,k H M unf r I o '¨ g w&m;&S d j cif ; / 2/ tema&m*gr&S d ? usef ; rmjcif ; / 3/ raumufuspf? rpOf;vJbJ rdrdtjypfukd 0ef c H E k d i f j cif ; / 4/ ukokdvfw&m;awGukd tm;xkwfzkdY 0D&d, &S d j cif ; / 5/ ÓPf a umif ; jcif ; wd k Y j zpf y gw,f / tu,f í w&m;tm;xk w f a ewJ h vlwpfa,muf[m xkdw&m;(5)yg;xJrSm wpfyg; yg; tm;enf;aer,fqkdygu w&m;xl;r&Ekdif&Sm ay/ Oyrmtm;jzihf 0dZ,max&D[m pdwf awG ysUH vGiNfh y;D orm"dr&wJt h cgrSm w&m;tvkyf ukd qufNy;D tm;xkwcf sipf w d af wG r&Sad wmhygbl;/ 'g[m y"med,*F w&m;ig;yg;xJu w&m;tm;xkwfzkYd 0D&d,enf;yg;oGm;wmjzpfyg w,f / wpf c k c k u k d csKd U ,G i f ; wmeJ Y w &m;&zk d Y aESmifhaES;oGm;a&m/ 0dZ,max&D[m 0D&d,tm;enf;wm ukd jyKjyifBuK;d pm;Ny;D tm;xkwv f u dk w f m rMumcif w&m;xl;ukd &oGm;ygawmhw,f/ &[EÅmtjzpf odkY a&muf&SdoGm;wJh 0dZ,max&Dr[m tvkH;pkH aom avmu&JUtaESmiftzGJU taESmihft,Suf tm;vkH;u uif;vGwfoGm;ygw,f/ b,folu b,fvkdyif aESmifhf,Suf pmrsuf E S m 15 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

14

"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

opömukdodNyD;rSvSLyg Zd a em&o t&S i f £ E´ o D [ (vS n f ; ul ; ) avonf/

]'ge} [laomyk'fonf vSL'gef; pGefYBuJ ay;urf ; jcif ; [l a om t"d y Ü g ,f j zpf y gonf / bk&m;? &[EÅmrsm;ESihf oHCmawmfrsm;tm; vSL'gef;onfukdrS 'ge[kac:qkdonfr[kwf? tvSLcHyk*¾KdvfrSeforQtm;vkH;ukd apwemjzLpif pGm ay;urf;vSL'gef;jcif;onfvnf; 'geyif jzpfygonf/ ,kwfpGtqkH; olawmif;pm;rsm;ESihf wd&pämefav;rsm;tm; pGefYBuJauR;arG;jcif;wdkY onfvnf; 'gewpfckyifjzpfygonf/ odkYaomf tusKd;ay;jcif;awmh wlvdrfhrnfr[kwf/ 'geonf oHo&m0#f'u k r© S vGwaf jrmuf aMumif;'geESihf oHo&m0#f'ku©rS rvGwfajrmuf aMumif;'ge[lí ESpfrsKd;&Sdavonf/ xkdESpfrsKd; rSmvnf; 'geu cGJjcm;onfr[kwfay/ ay;vSL ol tvSL&Sifyk*¾Kdvfrsm;u uGJjym;atmif jyKvkyf aejcif;jzpfygonf/ ,aeYacwf Ak'¨bmom trsm;pkonf aumif;rIwpfckjyKavwkdif; tusKd; &v'fqkukd awmif;Muavonf/ ]þaumif;rI aMumihf jzpfav&mb0wdkif;ü vlcsrf;om ewf csrf;om jA[®mcsrf;omjzpf&ygvdk\} ponfjzihf oHo&m0#f'ku©twGif; jyef0ifa&mufrnfh qkrsKd; ukd awmif;Muavonf/ xkdYaMumifh xkdaumif;rI 'gersKd;onf oHo&m0#f'ku©rS rvGwfajrmuf aMumif; 'gejzpfoGm;awmh\/ trSefawmh 'ku© trSefukd rodMu? rjrifMuvkdYomvQif þqkrsKd; ukd awmif;aeMujcif;jzpfygonf/ xko d rYkd [kwf ]þaumif;rIaMumifh 'ku© cyfodrf; csKyfNidrf;&mtrSef oEÅdokcat;edAÁmefukd rsuaf rSmufjyK&ygapom;} [k qkawmif;vQiu f m; xkd'geaumif;rIrsKd;onf oHo&m0#f'ku©rS vGwf ajrmufaMumif; 'geyifjzpfawmh\/ 'ku©tppf trSefukd odxm;jrifxm;NyD;aom yk*¾Kdvfrsm;rS þqkrsKd;ukd awmif;Muavonf/ aumif;rI&Sif yk*¾Kdvfrsm;om t"duusygonf/ tenf;trsm; u t"durusay/ xkdYaMumifh tvSL'ge jyKMu &m0,f vSL'gef;wwfzdkY vGefpGmta&;BuD;vS

wu,f a wmh ]£'H ar yk n H edAÁmeó ypöa,m a[mwk} [k edAÁmefukd vd k v m;ES p f o uf a omtm;jzih f qk a wmif ; vQif u m; wpf c suf w nf ; jzih f NyD ; \/ vlcsrf;om? ewfcsrf;om? jA[®m csrf;omwdkYonf tvkv d ydk goGm;avawmhonf/ awmif;aep&myif rvk?d Oyrm- &efuek rf S rEÅav;odYk um;vufrw S f jzwfíoGm;a&mufvQif tMum;ü&Sdaom yJcl;? awmif i l ? ysOf ; rem; ponf h NrKd U &G m rsm;uk d olYtvkdvkd a&muf&SdouJhodkYyif jzpf\/ aus;Zl;&Sif rkd;ukwfq&mawmfbk&m; BuD;onf Ak'¨bmom0if olawmfpifwkdYtm; tvSL'geESihfywfoufí qkH;rvrf;ñTefay;cJhzl; avonf/ tvGeyf if rSwo f m;vku d ef m&efaumif; ojzihf wqihf wifjyvkdufygonf/ ouú&mZf 1318 ckESpf awmfovif; vxJüjzpf\/ wpfaeYwGif rEÅav;rS ]OD;ausmf ode;f } qkad om yk*K¾ v d w f pfO;D onf tvkyt f m;&uf ü pdwfukdvGwfvyfpGm tvkdvkdufNyD; tr&yl& awmiforeftif;apmif;ü t&dyfaumif;aom r,f Z ,f y if w ef ; BuD ; &S d & mod k Y vma&muf u m aomufpm;rl;½l; awGa0aecJah vonf/ naeykid ;f tjyefwGif r*Fvmwkdufa[mif;ausmi;fwkduf teD;rS jzwfíjyefcJhavonf/ rsm;vGef;vSaom vltkyfBuD;ESihf tpDt&D&yfxm;aom um;wef; BuD;ukd awGUvkduf&onf/ ]bmrsm;vkyfaeMuyg vdrfh} [k odvkdaompdwfjzihf teD;odkYa&mufaom tcg w&m;yGJrSef;odvkduf&\/ y&dowfrsm; Nidrfoufpl;pkdufpGm em,laeMu\/ av;av; pm;pm; rSwfom;aeMu\/ w&m;a[mq&m awmfum; ]aus;Zl;&Sif rk;d ukwq f &mawmfBu;D } yif jzpfygonf/ OD;ausmo f ed ;f onf tenf;i,f pdw0f if pm;vm\/ þodkYjzihf em;axmifMunhfvkduf&m oEÅwdtrwfBuD;\ 0w¦KZmwfaMumif;udk a[m ajymjyae\/ trwfBu;D onf aomufpm;rl;,pf aeoljzpf\/ rsufESmrsm;yif yGa,mif;ae\/ rsufvkH;wdkYvnf; eD&Jí xkHxkdif;rl;½l;aeoljzpf onf/ xdkYaemuf aomurD;awmuf tylrD; a&mufrIESihf BuKH&avawmhonf/ aqmufwnf &mr&atmif jzpf&\/ xkdYaMumifh bk&m;&Sif

xHawmfodkY a&mufcJhavonf/ jrwfbk&m;\ w&m;a&at;uk d aomuf o k H ; vk d u f & cgrS aomurD;rsm; aysmufukefNyD;aemufqkH; &[EÅm BuD;tjzpfxd a&muf&SdoGm;awmhonf/ xkw d &m;oHudk Mum;vku d &f wJh OD;ausmf odef; wpfa,mufonf MuufoD;arT;n§if;rsm; wzsif;zsif;xoGm;avawmhonf/ ]rdrdb0ESihf wkdufqkdifaeygvm;? rl;½l;xkHxkdif;aeonfrSm wpfxyfwnf;jzpfaeonf/ þq&mawmf ihgukd MunhfNyD; a[maeovm;} [k tawG;rsm;yif a&mufcJh\/ xkdaeYnw&m;yGJukd NyD;qkH;atmif em,l c J h a vonf / aemuf a eY r sm;wG i f v nf ; OD;ausmfodef;wpfa,muf w&m;yGJodkY ta&muf vmjzpfawmhonf/ w&m;yGJ&Sdwkdif; em,ljzpfcJh onf/ tcsdefMumvmawmh w&m;ukd tvGef trif ; oabmus vuf c H v mavonf / tESpo f m&ukv d nf; em;vnfoabm aygufvm NyD/ q&mawmfBuD;udkvnf; MunfnKdrdonf/ tcGio fh maomwpfaeY wGif q&mawmf\teD;odYk uyfí zl;arQmu f efawmh\/ q&mawmfu ]'um b,fuvJ} [k ar;avonf/ ]wynhfawmf rEÅ a v;uygbk & m;} [k avQmuf a vonf / xkdYaemuf q&mawmfu ]at;- w&m;udkvnf; emyg? 'gayr,fh em½kHeJYvnf; auseyfraeeJY? ÓPfeJY cE¨mukd,fxJu vSnhfpkdufay;yg? rayhgeJY} þodkY owday;awmfrlygonf/ OD;ausmfodef; wpfa,muf q&mawmf\Mo0g'ukd auseyf tm;&um 0rf;omrqkH;jzpfae\/ q&mawmf\ pum;udkvnf; tNrJem;axmifrSwfom;cJh\/ ouú&mZf 1318 ckESpf (c&pf 1596 ck? atmuf wkdbmvukef) oDwif;uRwfaomtcg rkd;ukwf q&mawmf B uD ; \ ouf a wmf r S m (57)ES p f ? 0gawmf (38) 0godkY a&muf&SdcJhygonf/ npOf aeYpOf w&m;yGJwdkYuvnf; rysufyif &SdvdkYae\/ OD;ausmfodef;vnf; aeYpOf rEÅav;rS w&m;em a&mufcahJ v\/ w&m;ukd rdwaf qGaumif;wpfO;D tjzpf owfrSwfvufcHxm;avawmhonf/ xkdYaemuf OD;ausmfodef;onf q&m awmfBuD;tm; MunfnKdvSojzihf ]ig q&mawmf ukd bmrsm;vSL&ygrvJ} [k pOf;pm;rdavonf/ ]q&mawmf o D w if ; ok H ; &ef oD ; oef Y a usmif ; r&Sdao;? a&csKd;cef;? uk#Dcef;ESihfwuG csrf;om


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg; &[ef;&Sifvltm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/ pGmoDwif;okH;zkdYtwGuf ausmif;vdktyfaeonf} [kawG;um ausmif;vSLzkYd avQmufxm;avonf/ q&mawmfu vufcHvkdufojzihf r*Fvmr*¾if &dyfomtwGif;ü ax&moepHausmif; (rax&f BuD;wkdY oDwif;okH;&mausmif;)ukd aqmufvkyf Muawmh\/ 1318 ckESpfa[mif; ukefí 1319 ck E S p f o d k Y y if a&muf & S d c J h N yD / ausmif ; 'um OD ; ausmf o d e f ; vnf ; ausmif ; NyD ; pD ; zk d Y t wG u f tm½kpH u dk af ecJo h nf/ xkaYd Mumihf q&mawmfBu;D u ]armifausmfodef; rif;w&m; rif;tm;xkwfyg? olY[mol NyD;csdefwef &if NyD;vdrfhr,f? ayhgraeeJY tif t m;&S d w k e f ; ÓPf aumif ; wk e f ; rS m tm;xk w f M u&wm? tcsd e f a umif ; tcG i h f aumif ; uk d vuf v G w f q k H ; ½I H ; rcH e J Y } [l í owday;qkH;rawmfrlygonf/ aus;Zl;rsm;vSay onf/ ausmif;'um ]OD;ausmfodef;} vnf; w&m;tm;xkwf&if;jzihfyif ausmif;twGuf pDrH &avonf/ 1319 ckESpfukefcgeD; (c&pf 1958) wGif ]ax&moepHausmif;} vkH;0NyD;pD;cJhonf/ odkYaomf q&mawmfu vufrcHao;? a&pufcs ray;ao;acs/ ]rif ; wd k Y t&if q k H ; w&m;uk d zdzdpD;pD; tm;xkwfMutkH;? ukd,fwGif;'ku©opöm w&m;awG (tjzpftysuf)awGukd ukd,fykdifÓPf eJY xifxif&Sm;&Sm;jrifatmif? ykdifykdifEkdifEkdifod atmif ½IMutkH;? NyD;awmhrS tJ'D'ku©opömw&m; wdkYrS vGwfajrmuf&ygvdk\/ vGwfajrmuf&m edAmÁ efudk rsuaf rSmufjyK&ygvd\ k [kqNdk y;D vSL'gef; Mu&r,f}/ þodkY ñTefMum;qkH;rawmfrlygonf/ xkadY Mumifh ausmif;ukd rvSL&rcHao;? w&m;udyk if oJoJrJrJ tm;xkwfapavonf/ þenf;jzihf 1319 ckESpfrS 1320 ckESpfodkY a&mufcJhjyefyg onf/ ausmif;'um OD;ausmfodef;ESifh a,m*D rsm;onf tr&yl&&dyfomtwGif;ü w&m;ukd aocsmusepGm tm;xkwfaeMuavonf/ q&m awmfuvnf; txl;Muyfrwfay;awmfryl gonf/ ]]opö m w&m;qk d w m wjcm;uk d oG m ;&S m ae&rS m r[k w f b l ; ? uk d , h f c E¨ m uk d , f xJ r S m yJ & S d w ,f / uk d , f h Ó Pf e J Y c E¨ m uk d jyefMunhfprf;? ½kyfukdyJ MunhfMunhf emrfudkyJ Munh f M unh f ? BuKd u f w muk d M unh f ck d i f N rJ w m wpfckrSawGUrSmr[kwfbl;? tNrJwrf; jzpfysuf ajymif;vJaewmukd awGUvdrfhr,f? tukefvkH; ay:vkdufaysmufvkdufeJY jzpfaewm? jzpfNyD;&if {uef y suf o G m ;Muwmcsnf ; uk d y J awG U &rS m ? yuwdrsufpdeJY rawGUEkdifbl;aemf/ ÓPfrsufpdeJY om awGU&rSm? tJ'gawG[m 'ku©opömawG csnf;yJayhg/ b,frSm taumif;qkdvkdY&rvJ/

tJ ' gawG u k d rjrif M u? rod M uvk d Y taumif;awGxifNyD; 'D½kyfemrfb0awGukdyJ awmif ; waeMuwm? awmif ; awmh &a&m/ &awmh 'kux © J jyefepfjyefa&m/ tckvdk 'kuo © pöm awGukd jrifxm;? odxm;Muawmh taumif;awG r[kwfbl;qkdwmukdoda&m? odawmh tJ'D'ku© opömb0awGukd awmif;wygtkH;rvm;/ ykdufqH ay;Ny;D awmif;ckid ;f wmawmif rawmif;awmhb;l / rawmif;awmh r&bl;ayhg? bmukd ajymif;awmif; ovJqkdawmh tJ'D'ku©awGrS vGwfajrmuf&m edAmÁ efuydk J awmif;awmhw,f/ tJ'v D jkd zpfatmif vdkY OD;pGmyxr ]'ku©opömukd odatmifvkyfyg? opömuko d Nd y;D rS vSLyg} vkYd ñTeMf um;ae&wmayhg}} [k tus,fw0ifh rdefYawmfrlygonf/ xkdtcgusrS ausmif;'um OD;ausmf odef;onf ]aMomf- opömodNyD;rS vSLygqkdwm 'grsKd;ukd;} [k oabmaygufygawmhonf/ trSef

15

rSm 0#f'ku©awGukd rawmif;wMurdatmif a&S; q&mawmfBuD;rsm;u jyKjyifay;awmfrlMujcif; jzpfygonf/ onfawmhrS ]ax&moepHausmif;} ukd vSL'gef;cGihf&awmhavonf/ rkd;ukwfq&m awmf b k & m;BuD ; onf Ak ' ¨ b momwd k Y t wG u f txl ; wvnf vrf ; ñT e f j yKjyif a y;cJ h y gonf / aus;Zl;rsm;vSayonf/ xkaYd Mumifh pm½Iol "r®rw d af qGtaygif; wd k Y v nf ; tvS L 'gejyKMu&m0,f 0#f ' k u © r S vG w f a jrmuf a Mumif ; 'geaumif ; rI j zpf M u &avatmif ]opö m od N yD ; rS vS L yg} [k q&mawmfBuD;\ukd,fpm; wpfqihfvrf;ñTef vdkuf&ygawmhonf/ oAÁ o wå m eH ok c d w ma[mEÅ K Zd a em&o t&S i f £ E´ o D [ (vS n f ; ul ; ) usrf ; uk d ; rk d ; uk w f q &mawmf b k & m;BuD ; \ wpf b 0omoemusrf ;

pmrsuf E S m 13 rS t&G,Ef yk sKNd y;D vSyw,f? uREyfk [ f mvnf; t&G,f ygap? wk e f v I y f j cif ; tvsOf ; r&S d a wmh a y/ i,fi,fESihf wihfw,fwJh vkvifysKdwpfa,muf aESmihf,Sufjcif;uawmh &Sdwwfygw,f/ 0dZ,m jzpfygw,f? tkd- &Sifr0dZ,m toHom,mwJh ax&DrBuD;[m wpfaeYaomtcg om0w¦dae wl&d,mav;jzihf aysmfarGUMu&atmif}} rm&fewf&JUpum;ukdMum;awmh 0dZ, jynfawmfBuD;rSm qGrf;cH vSnhfvnfawmfrlNyD; aemuf wpfukd,fwnf; wnfNidrfpGmjzihf zv ax&Drav;u]][,f- rm&fewf? ykxkZOfwdkY&JU pdwf ormywfcsrf;omukd cHpm;zdkY ]eE´0ef} awm ES v k H ; uk d &T i fNyKH;atmif aoG;aqmifwwfwJh umr twGif;ukd 0ifa&mufcJhygw,f/ f &m;awGudk igtvkrd &Sb d ;l ? oifu h o hJ aYkd om ]eE´0ef} awmtkyftwGif;ukda&muf *kPw awmh wpfckaomopfyif&if;rSm NidrfoufpGm owå0grkdufwdkYomvQif jrwfEkd;avh&SdMuygw,f}} rm&fewf[m 0dZ,max&Drukd w&m; xkid af eawmfrpl Of rm&fewfBu;D a&mufvmygw,f/ rm&fewfBuD;&J &nf&G,fcsufuawmh xl;&aewmukd rodawmh aESmihf,Sufwmayhg/ Y aMumif;awGudk 0dZ,max&Dr tjcm;r[k w f a y/ 0d Z ,max&D r ud k orm"d aemufawmh olt f u S b f J jyefomG ;ygawmh ysufjym;atmif vkyfzkdYvmwmyg/ rm&fewf[m u odomG ;awmh raESmih, tvGev f yS wJh vkvifysKu d av;toGizf efqif;Ny;D w,f/ a&T u ef t&S i f M obmooD & d apmif;aumufav;ukdydkufum NyKH;&TifpGmjzihf usrf ; uk d ; 0dZ,max&DrxHukduyfumed'ge0*¾oH,kwf? 0dZ,max&D0w¦K ]]tk d - &S i f r 0d Z ,m? oif [ mvnf ;

qk x l ; yef tajccH y |mef ; oif w ef ; wmarGNrdKUe,f? ewfacsmif;&yfuGuf omoemhrmefatmifausmif;? y&d,wådpmoifwdkuf? rdk;ukwf"r®&dyfomtwGif;ü qkxl;yef tbd"r®moifwef;rS o'¨r®aZmwdu"Z- (qkxl;yef q&m[ef) ESihf q&mr a':cifoEÅmOD;wdkY\qkxl;yef tajccHy|mef;oifwef; pwif zGihfvSpfrnhf&uf - 1.1.2011 (paeaeY) nae 6;00 rS 8;00 tywfpOf -pae ? we*FaEGaeY


DHAMMA TALK

16

"r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/

wif w if a tmif ( vS n f ; wef ; )

2010 'DZifbm 29? eHeuf 9 em&DcefY? arSmfbD0g;eufacsmif; aAm"d&dyfNidrfawm&"r®m½Hkü w&m;xdkifaepOf udkaZmf(rtlukef;)qdkolrS wqihf rdrdtm;odrfodkYvm&ef taMumif;Mum;vmygonf/ bmaMumihfrsm; ygvdrhf[laomtawG;jzihf tajy;uav;vmrdonf/ odrfay:odkYa&mufaomtcg aAm"d&dyfNidrfawm&q&mawmf\ a&SUwGif w&m;xdkifyHk xdkifenf; usihfpOf"r®enf;edó,udkcH,laeaom yk*¾dKvfwpfOD;udkawGU&ygonf/ rdrdvnf;vuftkyfcsDrdk;vsuf q&mawmf ñTefjyaeonfh enf;edó,usihfpOf"r®wdkYudk ½dkaoqdwfNidrfpGm em,laerd ygonf/ rdrda&mufíq,frdepfcefYtMumwGif rdrdESihf cifrif&if;ESD;aom "r®rw d af qG a'gufwma':oif;oif;a0 odraf y:odYk wufa&mufvmygonf/ a&mufrqdkufrSmyif ,ckq&mawmf\ a&SUü enf;em edó, cH,laeaom yk*¾dKvfrSm ¤if;\ q&mjzpfaMumif; ,cktcg tar&duwGif aeonfh rsufESmyvwfpwpfqm*s&Dya&mfzufqmwpfOD;jzpfaMumif;jzihf rdrdESihf tqdkygyk*¾dKvfBuD;wdkYudk rdwfqufay;ygonf/ xdkq&mBuD;\trnfrSm ya&mfzxufqma'gufwmOD;aZmf0if; xGef;jzpfNyD; tar&dum; t,fatrSmaeaMumif;od&Sd&ygonf/ q&mBuD; OD;aZmf0if;xGef;onf wpfESpftenf;qHk;wpfBudrfqdkovdk jrefrmEkdifiHodkY jyefvnfa&muf&Sdvmwwfygonf/ ,ckvnf; b'´EÅAka'¨g&o t&Sif£E´m p&d,\ arSmfbD0g;eufacsmif;aAm"d&dyfNidrfawm&wGif (2)&ufcefY w&m; xdkif&eftpDtpOf&Sdonf[k odvdkuf&ygonf/ rdrd(pma&;ol) \rsufESmay:wGif rSJU(13)vHk;&Sd&mwGif nmzuf rsupf rd sucf rf;atmufrS rSUJ onf tBu;D qH;k jzpfygonf/ vltrsm; raumif; jrifMuaom rsu&f nfcrH UJS rsm;jzpfavrvm;jzifh wjznf;jznf;Bu;D xGm;vmyg onf/ 'gudk q&mrBuD;a'gufwma':oif;oif;a0u aq;ynm&SifyDyD uifqmjzpfrnfudk pdk;&drfojzihf xdkrSJUudk cGJxkwfypf&ef rdrdESihfawGUonfh tcgwdkif;wGif ta&;xm;wdkufwGef;avh&Sdygonf/ ,ckvnf; BuHKwkef;qHk cdkufya&mfzufqma'gufwmOD;aZmf0if;xGef;tm; jyo&ef wdkufwGef;jyefyg onf/ q&mBuD;a'gufwmOD;aZmf0if;xGef;vnf; rdrd\rsufESmjyifay:rS xdkrSJUvHk;udk Munhf½Ippfaq;NyD; ]cGJrvm;} [kar;ygonf/ rdrduvnf; cGJpdwf&ef oabmwlygaomaMumifh 'DZifbm 31 &ufaeY aeYvnf(1)em&D tm&Sawmf0ifaq;cef;ü cGJpdwf&ef &ufcsdef; owfrSwfay;NyD; aoG;ppf&ef vdktyfaom tcsuftvufrsm;a&;ay;vdkuf ygonf/ cGJpdwf&rnfhaeY&ufodkY a&mufvmygNyD/ nDrozG,f&if;ESD;aom om;wdkY\ q&mr rolZmrdk;udktazmfjyKvsuf tm&Sawmf0ifodkY tajy; tvTm;oGm;a&muf&m aeYvnf(1) em&Dxdk;cgeD; (10)rdepf tvdkwGif a&mufoGm;ygonf/ aumifwmab;wGif &yfaeaom q&mBuD;udkawGUí rdrda&muf &SdNyDjzpfaMumif; owif;ydkYvdkufygonf/ xdkYaemuf vdktyfaompm&Guf

pmwrf;rsm;wGif vufrw S x f ;kd ay;&ef ta&;ay:cef; (Emergency room) odkYoGm;NyD; vufrSwfxdk;ay;vdkuf&ygonf/ ¤if ; aemuf cG J p d w f c ef ; ( Operation room ) &S d & mod k Y "mwfavSum;rsm;jzihfwufoGm;NyD; cGJpdwfcef;twGif; cGJpdwfcef;0wfpHkudk vJ0wf&onf/ onfawmhrS cGJpdwfw,fqdkwm 'DrQavmufBuD;us,faom ud p ö B uD ; wpf & yf y gvm;[k o d v d k u f & ygonf / rd r d p d w f x J w G i f þrSUJ uav;cGpJ w d jf zwfxw k o f nfrmS bmrQ cufcv J rd rfh nfr[kw/f trsm;qH;k MumvS 15 rdepfxufydkEkdifrnfr[kwf[k xifcJhrdygonf/ cGJpdwfcef;wGif;a&mufoGm;rS rdrdtm; cGJpdwfay;rnfh yg&*l q&m0efBuD; a'gufwmOD;aZmf0if;xGef;ESihf vufaxmuftulolemjyK q&mrBuD ; ( Nurse )ES i h f tjcm;ol e mjyKq&mrES p f a ,muf ? a'gufwma':oif;oif;a0udk,fwdkif cGJpdwfcef;0wfpHk0wfvsuf udkcifaZmf vnf;ygvmonfudkawGU&Sd&rSyif rdrdudk,frdrd ]igonf cGJpdwfcH&awmhrnfh vlemygwum;} [k todpdwf0ifvmygawmhonf/ cGJpdwfrnfhukwifay:wGif vJavsmif;NyD;onfESihf rdrd\ rsufESm ESihf udk,fay:odkY t0wfpBuD;rsm; wpfvTmNyD;wpfvTm NcHKay;vsuf cGJpdwf rnfh nmzufrsufpdwpf0dkufae&muav;udkom vSyfxm;um rdrdrsufESm ay:odkY rD;armif;xdk;ay;xm;ygonf/ cGpJ w d cf ef;ukwifay:wufí vJavsmif;vdu k o f nfEiS fh wNyKd ief uf rdr\ d pdw0f ,f ar;cGe;f wpfcak y:xGuv f mygonf/ wu,fvrYkd sm; igonf rxlEkdifrxEkdifaovkeD;yg; aoaumifaygif;vJ a0'emESihf þukwifay: wGif aemufqHk;tcsdefodkY qdkufa&mufaeNyDqdkygvQif igbmvkyfrnfenf; [laomar;cGef;jzpfygonf/ rdrd\ rsufESmwpfckvHk; t0wfrsm;jzihf txyfxyf tkyfxm; onfjzpfí owduyfNy;D 0ifavxGuaf v½Irw S &f efrmS tqifrajyjzpfaeyg onf/ xdt k csed w f iG f rdr\ d 0rf;Adu k yf ikd ;f rS azmif;vdu k yf ed v f u kd jf zihf azmif;ydef trSwrf sm; xif&mS ;vmygonf/ odEYk iS fh rdrad zmif;ydeu f kd tm;pdu k Nf y;D rSwaf e ygonf/ xdkodkY ½IrSwfae&mrS orm"d&vmaomtcg cGJpdwfay;aeMuaom q&m0efBuD;ESifhwuG cGJcef;xJ&Sd q&m0ef? q&mrrsm; jriftyf rjriftyf aom yk*¾dKvfrsm;tm; arwåmydkYovdkufygonf/ cGJpdwfrI yrxydkif; em&D0ufwpfem&DcefY txd q&m0efBuD;onf aw;oDcsif;uav; wnnf;nnf;jzihf cGJpdwfaeonfudk rdrdMum;odaeyg onf/ wpfem&DausmfvmygNyD/ q&m0efBuD;xHrS oDcsif;nnf;oHtpm; nnf;nLoHwpfcsufxGufvmygonf/ aoG;xGuf (bleeding) rsm;aeí jzpfygonf/ q&mBuD;\ oufjyif;csoHvnf; Mum;ae&ygonf/ rdrdonf q&mBuD;tm; txl;pl;pl;pdkufpdfkufjzihf arwåmydkYaeyg onf/ tm;vnf;emrdygonf/ q&mBu;D onf tar&dum;rS jrefrmjynfoYkd jyefvmonfrSm tem;,lEkdif&efjzpfaomfvnf; rdrdtm; cufcufcJcJ cGJpdwf ae&ojzih f tvG e f y if y ef ; ae&S m rnf [ k awG ; rd a eygonf / rd r d t m; cGpJ w d u f o k aeonfrmS arhaq;ay;xm;jcif;r[kwyf gyJ? xHak q;jzihf cGpJ w d af e


DHAMMA TALK "r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfap&onf/ ojzih f r d r d t m;vH k ; ud k Mum;aeod a eygonf / cG J p d w f u k o cH , l a e&if ; wef;vef;rSyif q&mBuD;tm; rdrdtwGuf pdwfryl&ef rpdk;&drf&ef rdrdbmrQ rjzpfygaMumif;jzihf ajymvdkufrdygao;onf/ cGJpdwfcsdefudk rlvuem&D0uf owfrSwfxm;&mrS ,ckcGJpdwfcsdef (1)em&DEiS fh rdepf(20)MumoGm;ygonf/ ,if;odMYk uefMY umoGm;&jcif;taMumif; rSm rdrd\ cGJpdwfuko&aomrSJUrSm tjyifyef;tm;jzihf pyg;vHk;wpfaxmuf cefo Y m&Sad omfvnf; twGi;f ü xifxm;MuonfxufyBkd u;D aeí twGi;f odYk cyfeufeufav; pdkufNyD;cGJpdwf&onfhtwGuf aoG;xGufrsm;ae&jcif; ta&jym;rSmvnf; tvGeyf g;vTmonft h wGuf jyefcsKy&f mütcuftcJjzpf& aMumif;jzihf aemufrSodvdkuf&ygonf/ cGJpdwfcef;xJwGif cGJpdwfukorIcH,laeonfh tcsdefwpfavQmuf vHk; a'gufwma':oif;oif;a0onf rdrd\ nmzufvufudk udkifxm;NyD; tm;ay;aeonfjzpfaomaMumihf rdrdpdwfxJrS txl;yif aus;Zl;wifaerdcJh ygonf/ rdrdrSm cGJpdwfukorIcH,l&mwGif rnfonfhcGJpdwfrIyifjzpfap? olrsm;wumxufydkrdkí cufcJavh&Sdwwfonfudk owdxm;rdvmcJhyg onf/ vGefcJhaom (10)ESpfausmfu wwd,om;i,fudk arG;zGm;tNyD; wGif om;aMumjzwfukorIcH,l&müvnf; om;aMumudk csufcsif;&SmrawGU yJjzpfaeí cGJpdwfcef;xJü olrsm;xufvnf;Mum? olrsm;xufvnf; emcJh &zl ; ygonf / xd k o d k Y B uH K awG U &jcif ; rS m rd r d t wG u f rqef ; awmh [ k xifrdygonf/ tb,faMumihfqdkygaomf ,ckvdk cGJpdwfukorI tcufBuHK qHkae&jcif;rSm rdrd\ b00#fa<u;rsm;aMumihf ay;qyf&jcif;jzpfonf[k xifryd gonf/ rdrdrSm ,cktcg 0dyóem bm0emw&m;rsm;ukd txdkuf tavsmufyGm;rsm;tm;xkwfaeonfjzpf&m uHuH\ tusKd;udkvnf; t<uif;rJh ,HkMunfvufcHoljzpfygonf/ rdrdwuúodkvfwufpOfu ,lcJhaom bmom&yfrSm owåaA' jzpfygonf/ yxrESpfrSpí r[modyÜHbGJU&onfhESpftxd zm;uav;? ig;uav;rsm;ud k tcgtm;avsmf p G m cG J p d w f c J h & ygonf / r[m odyÜHbGJUudkvnf; 'The breeding of African cat fish' tmz&duig;claq; xdk;om;azmufynmjzihf bGJU,lcJh&oljzpfygonf/ uefxJwGif arG;jrLxm;aom xdkig;rsm;rSm obm0tavsmuf O Ojcif;r&Sdojzihf ig;rS&aom yDusLx&Da[mfrkef;udkpyfí ig;rtm;aq; xdk;ay;rSom O Oygonf/ xdkYaMumifh rdrdonf r[modyÜHbGJUudk tukokdvf rsm;jzihf &if;ESD;&,lcJh&onf[k qdkcsifygonf/ vufawGUvufiif;tusKd;ay;um; rdrd\ 0Jbufwifyg;wGif aq;oH;k vH;k ? ,mbufwifyg;wGif aq;wpfv;kH wpfcsed w f nf; wpfNyKd iw f nf; wGif xdk;cJh&ygonf/ xdkaq;aMumihfwifyg;twGif;cJNyD; tusdwfemjzpfum ¤if;temrSm NrKH omG ;vdu k jf yefay:vmvdu k jf zihf wpfpwpfp wd;k wufjzpfymG ; vmNyD; jynfwnfvdIufpm;um vufESpfopfcefY wGif;eufa[mif;avmif

17

aygufBuD;jzpfvsuf wpfESpfcGJausmfMumatmif cHpm;cJh&ygonf/ rdrdwuúodkvfynmqnf;yl;cJhpOfu wd&pämeftaumifuav; rsm;tm; cGJpdwfavhvmcJh&jcif;rsm;? ig;rsm;udkaq;xdk;om;azmufvkyfcJh& jcif;ponfh taMumif;w&m;rsm;onf rdrdudk,fwkdif cGJpdwfukorI cH,l& onfhtcgwGif olwumxuf cufcJ&jcif;? emusifpGmcHpm;&jcif;? aq;cJ aomtemESihf ESpfvHk;aygufatmif a&&SnfcHpm;cJh&jcif;rsm;onf aemif oHo&mrqdik ;f bJ rsuaf rSmufb0 vuf&u dS mvwGiyf if vufawGU vufiif; ta<u;ay;qyfvdkuf&jcif;rsm;yifjzpfygonf/ rdrdwdkYonf oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk;usifvnfcJhMu&mwGif rdb aqGrsKd; nDtpfudkarmifESpfr tMuifvifr,m; rawmfpyfcJhzl;onf r&Sdyg/ wpfOD;ESihfwpfOD;aygif;oif;qufqH&if;ESD;awmfpyfcJhMurnfrSm trSefjzpfyg onf/ ,if;odaYk wmfpyfywfoufcMhJ u&mwGif wpfO;D ay:wpfO;D trke;f a<u; aomfvnf;aumif;? tcspfa<u;aomfvnf;aumif; wif&SdcJhMurnfvnf; jzpfygonf/ ,ckrsuaf rSmufumv vlb Y 0usiv f nfvmcJ&h jcif;onfyifvQif xdkta<u;rsm;udk twdk;ESihfwuG jyefvnfay;qyfMu&efjzpfygonf/ cE¨m wnf;[laom 0efxkyf0efydk;&&Sdvmonfqdkuwnf;uyif a&m*gb, wnf;[laom a0'emuuyfíESyd pf ufjcif;? avmb? a'go? arm[[laom tvdkqdk;wdkYuvnf; b0ESihfwpfqufwpfpyfwnf;yg&Sdvmum tvsif rjywf zdpD;ESdyfpufjcif;rsm;aMumihf wpf&HwpfqpfrQ rem;&atmif cHpm; aeMu&jcif;ponf 'kua© ygif;aomif;ajcmufaxmif ywfvnf0ikd ;f íESyd pf uf onfudk cHaeMu&onfomjzpfygonf/ ,if;oHo&mu ygvmonfha<u;a[mif;rsm;udk vuf&Sdumv vlb Y 0üjrwfpmG bk&m;omoemawmfEiS v fh nf; BuKH wek ;f qHck u kd t f vdu k w f oihf ay;qyfEkdifMurSom xdka<u;rsm;ausEkdifMu&monf/ odkYray;qyfEkdifygu a<u;opfrsm;om xyfumxyfumwufonfwufwufvmMurnfjzpfyg onf/ xdkoHo&ma<u;a[mif;rSeforQwdkYudk 0dyóembm0em "r®jzihf omvQif taustvnfjyefvnfay;qyfEkdifrnfjzpfygonf/ a<u;uif;rS om rdrdwdkYarQmfrSef;&m tocFw"mwfjrwfaom edAÁmepcef;odkY wufvSrf; EkdifMurnfjzpfygonf/ &cJvyS gaom vlb Y 0rsuaf rSmufumv? omoemawmfEiS v fh nf; BuHKqHkcdkuf? vuf&Sdtcsdefonfum; a<u;qyfMuzdkYtaumif;qHk; tcsdef[k qdkcsifygonf/ a<u;qdkonfrSm qyfwwfvQif ausEkdifygonf/ oHo&mwpfavQmufvHk;wifvmorQaom a<u;rsm;udk ,ck b0wGif taustvnfay;qyfEkdif&ef rdrdtpGrf;ukef BudK;pm;oGm;rnf jzpf y gonf / aemuf x yf a <u;opf r sm;ud k v nf ; r&,l v d k a wmh y g/ a&SUavQmufa<u;uif;atmifaeygawmhrnf[k oEéd|mefjyKxm;ygonf/ ]]owå 0 gcyif ; ? ta<u;uif ; ? vuf i if ; csrf ; omMuygap}} wif w if a tmif ( vS n f ; wef ; )


DHAMMA DEW

18

"r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

tarha<u;ausapzkdY Ak a '¨ g &o-t&S i f £ E´ m p&d , (aAm"d & d y f N id r f a wm&-arS m f b D )

(,cif t ywf r S t quf ) tarh c E¨ m a<u; arharhavsmhavsmhaeMuaom tarhom;rsm;onf b0oHo&m wpfavQmufv;kH wifvmcJah om tarha<u;rsm;? xdt k arhrsm;aMumifh tarh cE¨mb0&vmaom cE¨m0#fa<u;? ,ck&&Sdaom tarhcE¨mb0wGifvnf; tarha<u;rsm;wifíaeacsNyD/ þonfwdkYonf b0oHo&m a<u;awG omjzpfonf/ arharhavsmah vsmah e&mrSjzpfaom tarha<u;rsm;omwnf;/ ypöKyÜefb0 tarhtdrfrS arG;vmonfupí arhrodrsm;? tarh BuKd urf sm;? tarhrek ;f rsm; tarhru kd rf sm;wdo Yk nf tarhoo H &ma<u;rsm;jzpf avonf/ tarhw&m;jzihf jyKvkyfaeaom um,uHtrI? 0pDuHtrI? raemuHtrI tm;vHk;wdkYonf tarha<u;rsm;jzpf&onf/ xdktarha<u;rsm;onf ay;qyf&rnfjzpfavonf/ þa<u; awGum; rdru d , kd w f ikd Bf uKd ;yrf;vsuf ay;qyf&rnfjzpfonf/ tarha<u;awG ray;acsavu a<u;awGxyfaevsuf a<u;aMu&ef vrf;yif&Sdrnf r[kwfygacs/ arG;ar\ tarha<u;um; twdk;rygaomfvnf; arhavsmhaeol tarh a <u;um; twd k ; tnG e f Y B uD ; vS a csonf / tar\ a<u;um; avsmw f wfaomfvnf; tarha<u;um; ravsmw f wfygacs/ ray;acs&ao; vQif b,faomtcgrS aMurnfr[kwf/ urÇmBuD;om tBudrfBudrfaMu rnf? pMum0VmBuD;om tBudrfBudrfaMurnf tarha<u;um; vHk;0 raMu yg/ a<u;raMuolonf a<u;uif;olr[kwf/ a<u;ruif;olonf qif;&Joo l mjzpfav\/ qif;&Joo l nf csr;f omolr[kwyf gacs/ csr;f omol r[kwfygvQif tb,frSm Nidrf;csrf;oljzpfayoenf;/ xdaYk Mumihf Nird ;f csr;f vdo k o l nf tarha<u;qyf&rnfjzpfavonf/ tarha<u;rqyfygvQif Nidrf;csrf;vdkaomfvnf; Nidrf;csrf;rnfr[kwf/ arG;arar\ tarha<u;udk avmuDt&m auR;arG;apmihaf &Smuf jyKpk ,k , aomtm;jzih f v nf ; aumif ; ? avmuk w å & mt&m w&m; awmfrsm;udk a[mMum;em,lapjci;f? ud, k w f idk u f siBhf uyH mG ;&ef wdu k w f eG ;f jcif;? tarudk,fwdkif tm;xkwfjcif;tm;jzifhvnf;aumif; ay;qyf&m\/ arhavsmhol\ tarha<u;udkum; avmuDa&;&mwdkif rarhaom owdjzihf jyKvkyfjcif;tm;jzihfvnf;aumif;? avmukwå&m tvkyfudk udk,f wdkifBudK;BudK;pm;pm; ½IyGm;tm;xkwfjcif;tm;jzihf rarhaomtm;jzihf vnf;aumif;? ay;qyf&m\/ wpfenf;aomfum; bk&m;paom t&d,m olawmfaumif;BuD;rsm;xH enf;cHemMum; BudK;pm;yGm;rsm; tm;xkwfjcif; tm;jzihfvnf;aumif;? udk,fwkdifBudK;pm;½IyGm;í t&d,mEG,fodkY 0ifaom tm;jzihfvnf;aumif; ay;qyf&m\/ þtarha<u;tm;vHk;wdkYonf tarhom;rsm; a<u;qyf&mü vdk&if;tcsufus y"merSm rarhaom tm;jzihf ay;qyf&jcif;rsm;omjzpf onf/ tarha<u;udk rarhw&m;jzihf ay;qyfygu tarha<u;aMu&m\/

tarh a <u;ausat;apzd k Y em;0,fprd ihf mS ? igq&mvQi?f rmwmydw? *kPu f jkd yí? ykww å t Ykd m; qyfjim;ydkifaMumif;? azmfjya&Smif;í raumif;rdb? "r®rwnf rMunfrndK 0efwrkd pd mä ? ygPmwdygwf? owfcwfv, k ?l rjzLESv;kH ? roH;k oDv? 'ge ryGm;? roGm;ausmif;uef [kwfvSrSefom;? rdbtm;udk? w&m;apmihf apmihf awmfajzmifhvSpGm? rdpämrazmuf? raomufaopm? ygPmolYouf? cdk;0Suf vk,l? þig;ckudk rjyKESihfAsm vSL'grjywf? yd@ygwfvnf;? rvyfaeYwdkif; r½dkif;ausmif;uef? trSefoGm;oGm;? w&m;emem? &wemoHk;OD;? rjywfzl;í MunfEl;vSap/ anmifa&vnf;oGef;? qDrD;xGef;vQuf? qGrf;uGrf;vbuf? a&pufcscs? vSL'geESi?fh oDvOyko?f ud, k Ef w I Ef v S ;kH apmiho f ;kH ygAsm? rdrmwm wdkY? þodkYqdkwwf? wdkYom;jrwfudk? qyfqyfaus;Zl;rdk;\wnf;/ (ykawåm0g') tarh(tazh)\ aus;Zl;a<u;rsm; aMuat;ap&eftwGuf aus;Zl;qyf&mwGif avmuDjzihfa<u;qyfenf;? avmukwå&mjzihf qyfenf; ESpfrsKd;&Sdavonf/ 1/ avmuDjzihf tarha<u;ay;qyf&mütarh(tazh)udk jyKpkvkyf auR;apmihfa&Smufay;vsuf qyf&m\/ tdkrif;avNyD; rdbwdkYudk tarh om;rsm;u ]]rdbwdkYu igwdkYudk jyefvnfí jyKpkvkyfauR;Muvdrhfrnf? auR;arG;apmihfa&SmufcJhonf? a<u;rsm;ay;qyfMuvdrhfrnf}} [k &nfrSef; xm;onfhtm;avsmfpGm ay;qyf&m\/ tarhom;rsm;onf (rdbwdkYudk) tarhudk&Sdcdk; ylaZmfuefawmh jcif;jzihv f nf;aumif;? &SmazGvyk u f ikd í f auR;arG;jcif;? xrif;-[if; tazsmf ,rumwdkYudk wdkufauR;jcif;? tdyf&mae&mwdkYudk jyKvkyfay;jcif; tarT; eHYomvdrf;usHay;jcif;? a&yla&at; vdk&mwdkufay;jcif;? a&csKd;ay;jcif;? ajcaq;ay;jcif;ponfjzihf tarha<u; avmuDe,fy,ftm;jzihf ay;qyf &ef jzpfonf/ þodkYavmuDenf;tm;jzihf tarha<u; (tazha<u;) ay;qyfyg vQifvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf auseyftm;&awmfrlvsuf om"kac: awmfrlonf/ om0wd ¬ N rd K Uü (18) uk a #Opö m <u,f 0 aom ol a X;om; wpfa,mufonf rdbwdkYu wpfOD;wnf;aomom;jzpfí cspfcifjrwfEdk; jcif;udkcH,l&\/ wpfaeYwGif jrwfpGmbk&m;ausmif;awmfodkY oGm;a&muf NyD; jrwfpGmbk&m; w&m;emMum;ae&ojzihf &[ef;0wfvdkum rdbwdkYxH cGihfawmif;onf/ rdbwdkYu cGihfrjyKvQif ckepf&ufvHk;vHk; tpmrpm;bJ aeav onf/ xdktcg rdbwdkYu wm;r&rSef;odojzihf aemufqHk;cGihfjyKvkduf& onf / rd b wd k Y \ cG i h f j yKcsuf & ojzih f aZw0ef a usmif ; od k Y o G m ;cg jrwfpGmbk&m;xHwGif &[ef;yÍÆif;jyKavonf/ &[ef;jzpfNyD; (5)0gwdkifwdkif 0denf;udk oif,al v\/ xdaYk emuf q&mxHrS 0dyóemur®|mef;udk oif,l NyD;vQif tpGeftzsm;usaom &GmteD;wGif awm&aqmufwnf w&m; tm;xkwfav\/ xdkt&yfwGif (12)ESpfvHk;vHk; BudK;pm;tm;xkwfvsuf pmrsuf E S m 19 ok d Y


DHAMMA DEW "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg;vlom;tm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

19

&ifhrmwpfusdyf tEkig;&m aemifvm&Spfaomif;bk&m;aygif; oD w mOD ; (jref r mpm) bk&m;avmif; tEkig;&m &ihfrmwpfusdyf[laompum;rSm Ak'¨ bmom0if jrefrmolawmfpifwdkYavmuü ajymqdk½dk;pum;jzpfcJhonfrSm MumayNyD/ odkYaomf ckdifrma&&maocsmaom usrf;*eftaxmuftxm; ESihfum; ajymqdk½dk;r&SdcJhMuyg/ xdkpum;udk zGihfqdkazmfjyygaom ygVdbmom aomwwåuu D sr;f tqdt k rdeu Yf u kd ;kd í? rH&k mG NrKd U ta&SUv,fww D u kd f usr;f jyK tausmf t*¾r[mr@dw? t*¾r[m*E¦0gpuy@dw b'´EÅuk@vq&m awmfbk&m;BuD;azmfjyaom tvkdawmftwdkif; a&;om;wifjyvdkygonf/ 'ok w å & m yÍö o wm? aAm"d o wå m orl [ awm {aw tEk u ú r map0? t0aoomemEk u ú r m/ (aowwåuD- 87) aAm"dowåm- bk&m;avmif;wdo Yk nf? orl[awm- taygif;tm; jzihf? 'okwå&m- wpfq,ftvGef&Sdukefaom? yÍöowm- ig;&mwdkYonf? a[mEÅ-d jzpfuek \ f / {aw- xdik g;&mwpfusyd af ombk&m;tavmif;wdo Yk nf? tEkuúrmap0- tpOftwkdif;jzpfukefyGihfukef\/ t0aoom- <uif;aombk&m;tavmif;wdo Yk nf? e- tEkurú mtpOftwkdif;rjzpfukef ryGihfukef/ þü ]]500}} [k qdkygaomfvnf;? rSwfom;vG,fap&ef tEk ]]500}} [k qdkonf/ t0aoom emEkuúrmudk ½Ií? aemifvm&Spfaomif; bk&m;avmif;[k qdkprSwfjyKMuukef\/ arawåa,sm Owåarm&marm? yaoaem aumoavmbdbl 'D C aomPd D p pPÐ p ? ok a bmawma',s jA[® a em/ emVm*d & D ygvd a va,sm? aAm"d o wå m £ar'o tEk u ú a re oarÁ m "d H ? ygyk P d ó EÅ d em*aw/ (aomwwåuD- 88)

(1) Owåarm- jrwfaom? t&darawåa,sm- t&darawå,s vnf;aumif;? (2) &marm- &mrrif;vnf;aumif;? (3) yaoaemaumoavm- yaoe'Daumovrif;vnf;aumif;? (4) tbdbl- tbdblewfom;vnf;aumif;? (5) 'DCaomPDp- 'DCaomPDtrnf&Sdaom tol&Sdefvnf; aumif;? (6) puÐp- puÐykPÖm;vnf;aumif;/ (7) okabm- okbvkifvnf;aumif;? (8) awma'a,sm- awma',strnf&adS om? jA[®aPmykPmÖ ; vnf;aumif;? (9) emVm*D&d- emVm*D&dqifvnf;aumif;? (10) ygvdava,sm- yvvnf;qifrif;vnf;aumif;? £wd- þodaYk om? 'o- wpfusyd u f ek af om? £araAm"dowåm&ifhrmaom þbk&m;avmif;wdkYonf? tem*aw- tem*wfurÇm rsm;vS pGmaom aemiftcgü? oarÁm"d H-t&[wår*fÓPf? oAÁnKwÓPfodkY? ygykPdóEÅd- a&mufawmfrlukefvwåHU/ þaomwwåuDusrf;vmt&? &ifhrmwpfusdyf[kajymqdkMujcif; jzpfonf/ ]]&ihfrmwpfusdyf? tEkig;&m? aemifvm&Spfaomif;? bk&m;aygif;}} [laompum;rSm Ak'¨bmom0ifolawmfpifwdkYEIwfusdK;í ajym½dk;tpOf&SdcJh aom pum;omjzpfygonf/ usrf;pum;tpOfr&Sdyg[k avmhvmod&Sd&yg onf/ oD w mOD ; (jref r mpm)

oDwif;oHk;awmfrl\/ r,fawmf? crnf;awmfrsm;onf pD;yGm;rsm;usvmum Mumav Mumav qif;&JavavjzpfMuukef\/ tdrfrsm;yif a&mif;csvsuf tdk;rJh tdrfrJhb0odkYa&mufum awmif;pm;&avonf touft&G,frsm; BuD;&ifh NyD; olwpfyg; tdrfeH&HwGif uyfaeMu&onf/ xdktcsdefwGif om0wd¬NrdKU aZw0efausmif;awmfrS &[ef; wpfyg;onf olaX;om;&[ef;aeonfh ae&mausmif;awmfodkY a&mufvm \/ xdt k m*EÅK&[ef;tm; 0wfjyKNy;D vQif tusK;d taMumif;rsm; ar;avQmuf um pum;ajymav\/ xdktcg om0wd¬jynfrS rdrd\ rdbwdkY qif;&JoGm; MuaMumif; awmif;pm;&aMumif; tdrfyga&mif;&aMumif; ponfrsm;udk odojzihf olaX;om;&[ef;onf £a`Er´ aqmifEidk yf J idak v\/ olaX;om; &[ef;onf igonf (12)ESpfywfvHk; BudK;pm;tm;xkwfaomfvnf; r*fzdkvf udrk &cJ?h igruRwx f u kd o f jl zpfvrd rfh nf/ ig&[ef;abmifü aeojzihf tb,f tusKd;&SdtHhenf;/ vlxGufí rdbwdkYudkvkyfauR;jcif;? tvSLay;jcif;? oDv aqmufwnfjcif;jyKaomf ewfjynfa&mufvrd t fh [ hH k Buu H m awm&ausmif; udk xdktm*EÅK&[ef;tm; vTJtyfí jyefavonf/ om0wd¬jynfrS reD;ra0;jzpfaom aZw0efausmif; taemuf t&yfwGif om0wd¬NrdKUESihf aZw0efausmif;awmfodkYoGm;aom vrf;qHkodkY a&mufvQif igonfr,fawmf? crnf;awmfwdkYudk Mum&SnfawGUjrif&vdrfh

rnf/ ,aeYrSpí igjrwfpGmbk&m;udk zl;jrif&ef cJ,Of;vdrhfrnf/ odkYjzpf í ,ckjrwfpGmbk&m;xH oGm;a&mufzl;arQmfvsuf w&m;emNyD;rS rdbwdkYxH oGm;rnf[k BuHpnfum aZw0efausmif;odkYoGm;\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onf y&dowftrsm;xJrS olaX;om; &[ef; taMumif; odjrifawmfrlojzihf rdbwdkY\ *kPfaus;Zl;udk csD;rGrf;vsuf &[ef;rsm;yif r,fawmfcrnf;awmfwu Ykd kd vkyaf uR;Ekid af Mumif;? (rmwkaygo uokwfudk)a[mMum;awmfrlavonf/ olaX;om;&[ef;onf w&m;emaevsuf igonf vl0wfjzihf rdbwdkYudk vkyfauR;aumif;onf[kxifcJhonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;onfum; &[ef;b0jzihfyif rdbwdkYudk vkyfauR;Ekdif? aus;Zl;qyfEkdif\[k a[mawmf rl\/ ,ckvrl xGub f J &[ef;b0jzihyf if rdbwdu Yk kd vkyaf uR;rnf[k BupH nf qHk;jzwfavonf/ xdkYaemufeHeufapmapmyif om0wd¬NrdKUwGif;0ifí ,m*kudk tvSLcHvsuf rdbwdkYtdrfodkYoGm;av\/ r,fawmf? crnf;awmfwdkYonf vnf; ,m*kxrif;udk cHMuNyD;vQif olwpfyg;wdkY\ tdrfeH&Hudk rSDaeMu\/ om;&[ef;onf teD;odkYoGm;avvQif txD;usefrJh olqif;&Jjzpfaeaom r,fawmf crnf;awmfwu Ykd jkd rifí pd;k &drBf u;D pGmjzihf oydwu f ykd u kd f acgif;idu k f pdkufjzihf ½dIufiifpGm idkaeawmhonf/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI

20

"r®0D&onf tarGaumif;ay;Edkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

rHk&GmNrdK hr[mv,fwDwdkuf? u

aus;Zl;&Sif v,fwDq

a&;om;jyKpka

aAm"dyu

THE BODHIPAK O THE MANUAL OF THE FACTORS by Maha-thera Ledi- Saya-daw,

TRANSLATED into English by U Sein Nyo (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) (6)aAm"d y u© d , w&m; 37- yg; ,cktcg bk&m;omoemü vljzpfusdK;eyfMuatmif orxç 0dyóemw&m;rsm;udk tm;xkwv f Mkd uukeaf omolwt Ykd m; rjzpfvQirf ae& xajrmufatmif xlaxmiftm;opf&maom aAm"dyu©d,w&m; 37- yg; wdkYudk tusOf;rQ jyqdkaytHh/ owdy|mefç or®y"Ü mefç £'dy¨ g'fç £a`Eç´ Adv k çf aAmZÑiçf r*¾i[ f l í tusOf;tm;jzihf 7- yg;&Sd\/ xdk 7-yg;wdkYonf]]aAm"da,m yau© b0gwd aAm"dyu©d,m}}[laom 0pew¬EiS t fh nD r*fÓPf\tyif;toif;wGiyf g0ifaom w&m;pkjzpfí aAm"dyu©d,rnfukef\/ aAm"d,m? r*fÓPf\/ yau©? tbdkYü/ 0g? tyif;toif;ü/ b0g? jzpfukefaomw&m;wdkYwnf;/ £wd? þodkYaomtaMumif;aMumihf? aAm"dyu©d,m? aAm"dyu©d, rnfukef\/ r*fÓPf\ y'|mefç r*fÓPf\ orÇm&ç r*fÓPf\ Oyedó, w&m;rsd K ; [l v d k o nf /

(7)owd y |mef 7-yg; xdk 7-yg;wdkYwGif owdy|mefqdkonfum;]]bkoH wd|wDwd y|meH? owd{0 y|meH owdy|meH}}/ bkoH? vGefpGm/ wd|wd? wnfwwf\/ £wd? þodkYaom taMumif;aMumihf/ y|meH? y|mernf\/ owd{0? owdonfyifvQif/ y|meH? vGefpGmwnfonfwnf;/ owdy|meH? owdonfyifvQif vGefpGm wnfonf/ (vGepf mG wnfaom owdç cdik Nf rpJ mG wnfaomowd[k qdv k o kd nf/) xdkowdy|mefonf1/ um,mEkyóem owdy|mef? 2/ a0'emEkyóem owdy|mef?

(Continue from last week) Chapter I The Bodhipakkhiya Dhammas I shall now concisely show the thirty-seven bodhipakkhiya dhammas, which are dhammas which should be attempted with energy and determination by those persons wishing to practise samatha (Calm) and vipassana (Insight), and thus make the rare opportunity of rebirth as a human being within the present Buddha Sa-sana worthwhile. Briefly, the bodhipakkhiya dhammas consist of seven kinds, namely, 1. Satipat.t.ha-na 2. Sammappadha-na 3. Iddhipa-da 4. Indriya 5. Bala . 6. Bojjhanga . 7. Magganga According to the definition "Bodhiya- pakkhe bhava-ti bodhipakkhiya-", these dhammas are called bodhipakkhiya, because they form part of, or they are associates of magga-n-a-na (Knowledge of the Holy Paths). They are dhammas that are the padat.t.ha-na(Proximate cause), sambha-ra (Requisite ingredients) and upanissaya (Basis or sufficing condition) of magga-n-a-na (Knowledge of the Holy Paths). Chapter II The Four Satipat.t.ha-nas The definition of satipat.t.ha-na is___ '' Bhusam. tit.t.hati ti pat.t.ha-nam.; sati eva pat.t.ha-nam. satipat.t.hanam.'' It means mindfulness or heedfulness which is firmly established. There are four satipat.t.ha-nas (Application of Mindfulness). They are:


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON BODHIPAKKIYA DIPANI "r®0D&onf avmuom;tm;vkH;\ ta&;t&mjzpfonf/

21

usrf;jyKtausmf urÇmausmf

q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;

awmfrlaom

u©, d 'DyeD

KKHIYA DIPANI R S LEADING TO ENLIGHTENMENT y Aggamaha-pan.d.ita, D. Litt.

o Tun, Late of The Indian Civil Service. 3/ pdwåmEkyóem owdy|mef? 4/ "r®mEkyóem owdy|mef? [lí av;yg;tjym;&Sd\/ xdkav;yg;wdkYwGif1/ 0ifoufç xGufouf tp&Sdaom ½lyum,ü ckdifNrJpGmwnf aom owdonf um,mEkyóemowdy|mefrnf\/ 2/ a0'emw&m;wdkYü ckdifNrJpGmwnfaomowdonf a0'em Ekyóem owdy|mefrnf\/ 3/ o&m*pdwfç 0Dw&m*pdwf tp&Sdaom pdwftjym;ü ckdifNrJpGm wnfaom owdonf pdwåmEkyóemowdy|mefrnf\/ 4/ eD0&Ptp&Sdaom "r®wdkYü cdkifNrJpGmwnfaomowdonf "r®mEkyóemowdy|mefrnf\/ xdak v;yg;wdw Yk iG f xGuo f ufç 0ifouf[al om tómo yóm o um,wpfckü ckdifNrJpGmwnfvQifyif tvHk;pHküwnfonfyifrnf\/ tb,fhaMumifhenf;qdkaomf xm;vdk&mtm½Hkü wnfEdkifaomtpGrf;&Sdav aomaMumifhwnf;/ ckdkifNrJpGmwnfrIqdkonfum; xGufoufç 0ifxGufü pdwfudk wpfem&Dxm;vdkvQif wpfem&Dyif ckdifNrJpGmwnfae\/ 2-em&Dxm; vdkvQif 2-em&Dyif ckdifNrJpGmwnfae\/ pdwf0dwufrNidrfvSí tm½Hkudk vTwfypf&onfr&Sdqdkvdkonf/ (owdy|mef 4-yg;vH;k \ tus,u f rkd u l m; r[mowdy|meokwrf mS ,lav/) tb,ftaMumif;aMumifh xGufoufç 0ifouftp&SdonfwdkYü pdwçf owdcidk Nf rpJ mG wnfru I rkd jzpfvQif rae&? xajrmufatmiftm;xkw&f avoenf; [lru l m;- terw*¾oo H &mü AvAGm vGiyfh g;aygufvw T o f mG ; íaeaom 0dnmOf 6-yg; pdwt f oGm;wdYk csKyx f ed ;f ½kyo f rd ;f jcif;iSm tm;xkwf &avownf;/ xif&Sm;apOD;tHh- pdwfrnfonf 6- 'Gm&wdkY\ Oypmü tm½Hk 6- yg;odkY ajy;oGm;vGihfyg;jcif; tavh&Sd\/ Oyrmum;- pdwfudktpdk;r& aom ol½l;ç olESrf;onf&Sd\/ xrif;pm;csdefrSef;yif rod? a&mufrda&muf

Ka-ya-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na, Vedana-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na, Citta-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na, and Dhamma-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na. 1. Ka-yanupassana--satipat.t.ha-na means mindfulness which is firmly established on physical phenomena, such as on the exhaled breath and the inhaled breath. 2. Vedana-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na means mindfulness which is firmly established on sensations. 3. Citta-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na means mindfulness which is firmly established on thoughts or mental processes, such as thoughts associated with the passions or dissociated form the passions. 4. Dhamma-nupassana--satipat.t.ha-na means mindfulness which if firmly established on phenomena such as n1varan.as (Hindrances). etc. Of the four, if mindfulness or attention is firmly established on a part of the body, such as on out-breath and in-breath it is tantamount to attention being firmly established on all things. This is because the ability to place one's attention on any object at one's will have been acquried. "Firmly established" means, if one desires to place the attention on out-breath and in-breath for an hour, one's attention remains firmly fixed on it for that period. If one wishes to do so for two hours, one's attention remains firmly fixed on it for two hours. There is no occasion when the attention becomes released from its object on account of the instablity of thought- conception (vitakka). (For a detailed account of the satipat.t.ha-na, see the Mahasatipat.t.ha-na-Sutta) Why is it incumbent on us to firmly establish the mind without fail on any object such as the out-breath and the inbreath? It is because it is necessary for us to gather and control the six viñña-nas, which have been drifting tempestuiously and untrained throughout the past inconceivably long the 1. 2. 3. 4.


DHAMMA TALK

22

"r®0D&onf oEdÅokcodkY a&S;½Ijy|mef;onf/

&m oGm;vmíae\/ rdbjzpfolwdkYu ol&Sd&mudkoGm;í xrif;ay;\/ 5-vky?f 6-vkyrf sKd rv d Qif xrif;yGu J dk oGeaf rSmufí xoGm;\/ xrif;0atmif pm;&onfr&Sd? þrQavmuf pdwfudktpdk;r& &Sdae\/ xrif;pm;rIwck Ny;D pD;½Hrk Qyif pdwu f t kd pd;k r&? pum;ajymqd&k mü pum;0guswpfck acsmarm ½HkrQ pdwfudktpdk;r&? tpwjcm;ç tv,fwjcm;ç tqHk;wjcm;ç uawmuf uwuf pum;omjzpf\/ xrif;pm;½HkrQç pum;0guswpfckNyD;pD;½HkrQudkrS pdwfudktpdk;r&aom ol½l;onf avmuü b,fudpöwckrS toHk;usawmh rnfenf;/ b,fupd w ö ckukd ae&musatmif vkyaf qmifEikd af wmhrnfenf;/ avmuü vl&mroGif;&NyD? aygufvTwfypfxm;&awmhonf/ q&maumif; aq;0g;aumif;ESifhawGUí BudK;csnfxdwfcwf tMuyftwnf;jyKí ukorIudkjyKrS xdkt½l;emaysmufNidrf;í pdwfudktpdk;& ojzihf trsm;eJYwl vlaumif; olaumif; yuwdjzpfav\/ xrif;pm;rIü vnf; pdwfudktpdk;&\/ tqHk;wkdif pm;&\/ xrif;pm;rIudk trsm;enf;wl Ny;D pD;atmif jyKEikd \ f / cyford ;f aom trIwüYkd vnf; pdwu f t kd pd;k &\/ trsm; enf;wl Ny;D pD;atmif jyKEikd \ f / pum;0gusuv kd nf; trsm;enf;wl acsmarm atmif ajymqdkEdkif\/ þum; Oyrmwnf;/ pd w f w nf N id r f r I e nf ; yH k avmuü pdwfudk tpdk;r&aom ol½l;r[kwfMu/ pdwfudktpdk;& Muaom yuwdvlaumif;ç olaumif;jzpfolonfvnf; orxt&mç 0dyóemt&mwdkYü pdwfudktpdk;r&Muaom ol½l;awGcsnf;jzpfMuukef\/ xdo k ½l ;l onf xrif;pm;rIukd jyKrnf[k OD;wnfygvsuf pdwu f t kd pd;k r&onhf twGuf xrif;pm;rINy;D pD;atmif wnfNird cf iG rhf &bJ 5-vky?f 6-vkypf m;rdvQif xrif;yGJudk oGefarSmufí xoGm;ouJhodkY þowå0gonfvnf; bk&m;udk &Sdckd;rnfç bk&m;*kPfudk MunfndKaomtvkyfudk igvkyfOD;rnf[k OD;wnfyg vsuf pdwfudktpdk;r&MuonhftwGuf ]£wdyd aom} wyk'fqHk;onfwdkif atmif bk&m;*kPfawmfwdkYü pdwfudk wnfNidrfpGmaeatmif tpdk;r&Mu? bk&m;udkvTwfí xdkxdktm½Hkwyg;odkY tcgrsm;pGm xGufoGm;vTihfyg;vsuf &SdMuukef\/ acG ; ½l ; Oyrm acG;½l;jyefaomolonf ylqmrGwfodyfvSí a&&Sd&modkYajy;av &m tvGefat;jrvSpGmaoma&udkjrifvQif a&tdkifwGif;odkY rqif;0Hh? a&udk yif rjrif0HhyJ a&SmifvTJíajy;&jyefouJhodkYvnf;aumif;ç olemBuD;onf tvGeaf umif;rGecf sKd Nred af omt&omESijfh ynhpf akH om 0rf;wGi;f odaYk &mufvQif temudk aysmufNidrf;apEdkifaom "mwfpmtm[m&udk auR;ygaomfvnf; olYvQmESix fh cd v hJ Qif tcg;yuwdjzpfaví oufoufrsKd írjzpf axG;tefí csnf; ypf&ouJhodkYvnf;aumif;? bk&m;*kPfawmfodkY xda&mufatmif rcsOf;EdkifMu? ouf0ifMunfndK rsdKír&EdkifMuavukef? wjcm;wyg;odkY pdwfxGufíoGm;wkdif; tqdkt&GwfysufcJhonfaomfvnf;aumif;? tqdk t&Gwfysufwkdif;ysufwkdif; jyefíjyefí&GwfqdkcJhonf&Sdaomfvnf;aumif;? w&uf? wpfv? wpfESpf- &Sdcdk;aomfvnf; £wdydaom wyk'ftqHk;odkY a&mufEdkifrnfr[kwf/ pdwfuyif wyg;odkYxGufoGm;aomfvnf; EIwfwuf &G&G ausnufvSaomaMumihfom tqHk;odkYa&mufEdkifMuukefawmhonf/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf/)

beginningless sam.sa-ra (round of rebirths) I shall make it clearer. The mind is wont to flit about from one to another of the six objects of the senses which lie at the approaches of the six sense-doors. As an example, take the case of a mad man who has no control over his mind. He does not even know the meal-time, and wanders about aimlessly from place to place. His parents look for him and give him his meal. After eating five or six morsels of food, he overturns the dish and walks away. He thus fails to get a square meal. To this extent, he has lost control of his mind. He cannot control his mind even to the extent of finishing the business of a meal. In talking, he cannot control his mind to the extent of finishing or completing a sentence. The beginning, the middle, and the end do not agree with one another. His talk has no meaning. He cannot be of use in any undertaking in this world. He is unable to perform any task. Such a person can no longer be classed as a human being, and he has to be ignored. This mad man becomes a sane and normal person again, if he meets a good doctor, and the doctor applies such stringent methods of cure as tying him up and putting him in chains. Thus cured, he obtains control of his mind in the matter of taking his meals, and can now eat his eat his fill. He has control over his mind in all other matters as well. He can perform his tasks till they are completed, just like others. he can also complete his sentences. This is the example. In this world, persons who are not insane, but who are normal and have control over their minds, resemble such a mad person having no control over his mind, when it comes to the matter of samatha and vipassana-. Just as the mad man upsets the food dish and walks away after five or six morsels of food although he attempts to eat his meal, these normally sane persons find their attention wandering because they have no control over their minds. Whenever they pay respects to the Buddha and contemplate His noble qualities, they do not succeed in keeping their minds fixed on those noble qualities, but find their attention being diverted many times on to other objects of thought, and thus they fail to reach the end of even the "Itipiso..." verse. It is as if a man suffering from hydrophobia who seeks water feverishly with parched lips, yet runs away from it with fear when he sees a lake of cool refreshing water. It is also like a diseased man who when given a diet of relishing food replete with medicinal qualities, finds the food bitter to his taste and unable to swallow it, is obliged to spit and vomit it out. In just the same way, these persons find themselves unable to approach the contemplation of the noble qualities of the Buddha effectively, and cannot keep on dwelling on them. If in reciting the "Itipiso" verse, their recitation is interrupted every time their minds wander, and if they have to start afresh from the beginning every time such an interruption occurs, they will never reach the end of the verse even though they keep on reciting a whole day, or a whole month, or a whole year. At present they manage to reach the end because they can keep on reciting from memory even though their minds wander elsewhere.

(To be continue)


TALKS ABOUT THE OPEN-MINDENESS "r®0D&onf Ak'¨\"r®w&m;awmf tppftrSefxGef;um;jyefhyGm;&efjzpfonf/

23

jrefrmEkdifiHawmfa'ot&yf&yfwdkY ü t&n0goDawm&yfrSDvsufaeavh&Sdawmfrlaom

r[maAm"dNrdKifq&mawmf 0e0goDaO,s"r®omrdr[max&f a&;om;pD & if a wmf r l a o omm "ar® m 0g'uxm

omoemawmfBu;D \ a&aomufjrpfo;kH oG,f (omoemtyd k i f ; ) (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) 6/ tBud K uf r S o nf taMumuf q D o d k Y a,m*Donf.... ½IuGufac: cE¨mwGif;rS ysufjcif;rvS ysufusaeonfudkcsnf; tcsdefjynhf ½IMunhfcGihf&aeawmh&m... udk,fcE¨mudkyif rMunhf&Javmufatmif aMumuf&GHUvm\/ tm½HkcHpm;&rnfrsm;udkvnf; aMumuf&GHUvm\/ rnfonfh tm½HkcHpm; cHpm;tzsuftqD; cHae&ygonfudk twyfyif jrifawGUae&aomaMumihf.... ¤if;udk usrf;xGufpum;u b,ÓPfqdk\/ vuf&Sdb0\ tysufab;qdk;BuD;udk jrifawGUae&jcif;aMumihf... xdkÓPftqihfudk a&muf&Sdaeaom a,m*Donf... aMumufp&maumif;avmufatmif ysufpD;aeMuaom ½kyfysuf emrfysufpkwdkYtMum; jzpfpOfc&D;&SnfBuD; oGm;vmae&&m &efol\ tMum; oHkYyef;xrif;pm;enf;yrm cHpm;ae&yg\/ þrSaxmufí aemifaemif &&SdOD;rnfh b0rsm;onfvnf; - "mwf½kyfac: blw½kyfjzihf wnfaqmufxm;aom b0rsKd;jzpf ap? - tpGJ½kyfac: Oyg'g½kyfjzihf wnfaqmufxm;aom b0rsKd; jzpfap/ - b0aumif;ac: vl ewf jA[®mwdkY\ b0rsKd;jzpfap? - b0qdk;ac: i&J? wd&pämef Nydwåm tol&um,f b0rsKd;jzpfap ½kyfysufemrfysufwdkYuom BuD;pdk;aeOD;rnfh t&mrsKd;csnf;rQom jzpf&m b0oHMum; em;ESpfzuf ydwfvkrwwftxd aMumufrdk;BuD;apGae acsawmh\/ þrSmyifaxmufí NyD;cJhonhf b0tzHkzHk trsKd;pHkwdkYüvnf; - Owk\ zsufqD;rIaMumihf ½kyfysufemrfysufjzpfcJh&aom b0aygif;? - uHpdwfwdkY\ wGJzufzsufqD;rIaMumihf ysufpD;cJh&aom b0 aygif;? - tm[m&ESifh tm½Hw k \ Ykd wdu k zf surf w I aYkd Mumihf ysupf ;D cJ&h aom b0aygif; þzsufqD;rI oHk;av;rsKd; wpfrsKd;wpfrsKd; xdk;usihfrI twdkif; ysufpD;cJh&ygonfudkvnf;... trl;ajyvmaom xef;&nfrl;orm;\ aemifwyrm... aemuf jyefawG;vsuu f aMumufab;Bu;D ajy;jrifaeacsawmh\/

þb*FÓPf b,ÓPfESpfyg;wdkYwGif.... - tcsKdUum; tysufjrifí b0tay: NiD;aiGUpdwf 0ifvm wwf\/ - tcsKdUum; aMumuf&GHUxdwfvefYpdwf0ifí b0tay: NiD;aiGU pdwf 0ifvmwwf\/ ESpfyg;pHkjrifvsufu ÓPftqihfwufonf[lí r&Sdpzl;acs/ aMumuf v Qif x G u f quf r aeeJ Y qd k j yef a wmh v nf ; xdkodkYyif tysufab;jrif aMumufpdwfBuD;0ifaeygaomfvnf; rSwftm; t&Sdef jyif;xefaeonfu wpfaMumif;? ocFg&Zmwf\ t&Sdef[yfrIaMumihf rjywfvnfywfaeonfu wpfaMumif;? þtaMumif;SEpfcsufaMumihf cGmxGufívnf; r&acsNyD/ þÓPftqihfrsm;ü... ½Ivu kd w f ikd ;f tysucf sn;f om qufae&um; oP²meferd w d v f nf; uif;aysmufaeacsNyD/ ½kyfemrfwdkYonf tay:ESihftaysmuf awmufavQmufjzpfae& um; b,fodkY0ifí b,fvdkxGufoGm;onf[k twwfrod&awmhNyD/ 0ifonfxGufonfwdkYum; rSwfaeusjzpfí rSwfaejcif;rQom yrmtm;jzihf... i½kwfoD;pm;&m\ pyfyHkrsKd;r[kwfrlí i½kwf&nfxdí ylaeyHkrsKd; omjzpf\/ i½kwfylxd&mü b,fae&mrSm b,fvkdyg[lí rod&acs/ rxif&Sm;í wdk;rSwf oP²mefedrdwfu ydkíyif rxifvm/ cGmr&í wdk;rSwf tysufrStysuf pdyfípdyfíyif ysufjyvm\/ udk,fhudkudk,f cifrifolwdkY þtqihf0,f udk,ftaumifBuD; aysmufqHk;ae&um; t½kyfESihf upm;avh&Sdaom uav; upm;aeus t½kyfuav; aysmufqHk;aeonfhyrmom... þtqihfü ½Izefrsm;vmaomf ysif;ajcmufajcmuf aygY[m[m ponhf r½IrrSwfvdkaom a0'emrsm; ay:vmwwfao;\/ ig0D&d,rsm; enf;vdkYavvm;... þokdYaom oHo,pdwftawG;rsm;vnf; 0ifvmwwfao;\/ toHonf qdkYeifhaMuuGJoHygae\/ [efonf nd§K;i,faom toGifudk aqmifae\/ ao'PftcscHxm;&olESihf trlt&mrxl;NyD/ þÓPftqihfü aMumufjcif;onf a'goaMumifh r[kwf? oH a 0*xd w f v ef Y j cif ; rQom? tu,f w d w d r½I r S w f & J a vmuf a tmif aMumuf&GHUoGm;ygaomfum; b,tppfr[kwf? a'goodkY toGifoGm;NyD/ þÓPfü wPSmruyfomNyD/ tBudKuf\ qefYusifbufjzpf


TALKS ABOUT THE OPEN-MINDENESS

24

"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

aom taMumufw&m;u BuD;pdk;aeaomaMumihf/ 7/ b,f a omumvrQ rqH k q nf ; &ygvd k \ tysufonf NiD;aiGUjcif;udk pdefac:aeygonf/ tysufonf tjzpfudk o,faqmifvmonfh &xm;wpfpif;? ½IuGufwGif;&Sd tysufudk ½IMunhfvsufu aMumufpdwf0ifaeaom a,m*D onf xdwfvefYrI oHa0* rnfrQyif&ap taMumif;rodí aygif;rdrSm;aom vifa,musfm;onf azmuf jym;aeaom r,m;tm; uGm&Sif;vdkaomfvnf; w&m;vrf;aMumif;t& uGm&Sif;Ekdifavmufaom taxmuftxm; vufyl;vufMuyfrawGU&ao; um; acgif;cgZGwfrSdwf BudwfrSdwf aygif;ae&onfhyrm... rukefcrf;Ekdifaom xdktysufudkMunhf NiD;aiGUpdwfwdkYuom jyif;xefpGmzdae\/ rukecf rf;Ekid af om xdt k ysuu f Mkd unhf rcsad ompdww f u Ydk zdvsuf uom qufqHae&&Sm\/ ½Iuu G w f iG ;f &SD ½kyyf suf emrfysuw f u Ykd vnf; t&GUJ wdu k o f ef aom r,m;ysuftvm; wkd;íwdk;íyif ysufjyaeacs\/ xdk½kyfysufemrfysufrsm;onf... ÓPfrsufpda&SU jrifawGUae&aom tysufrsm;csnf; jzpfaeMu í rMunhfcsif jrifcsifvsufom; &Sdaeacs&m NiD;aiGUpdwfrsm;vnf; wdk;í wdk;íyif 0ifvmap\/ onf½kyfqufí 'D½kyfysufjzpfay:aeonf/ onfemrfpGufívnf; 'Demrfysuf jzpfay:aeonf/ þodkYvQif ½kyfemrfwdkY\ tjypfrsm;udk wdk;í wdk;í xifvmap \/ vl w pf O D ; vQif tqd k ; ES i h f t aumif ; taMumif ; ES p f c k avmuwGi;f &SD vlwpfO;D pDwpfO;D pDwüYkd taumif;ESifh tqd;k [lí taMumif;cHtusKD;quf ESpfrsKd;pD zufaeMuay&m.... Munhfolonfum;... rd r d Bud K uf p G J p G J a epOf w k e f ; u wPS m rsuf v H k ; \ nd § K Utm; rsm;aMumihf tqdk;udkzHk;? taumif;vHk;vHk;csnf; a&G;,lMunhfavh&Sd\/ rdrt d BuKd urf usaom umvwGiu f m; a'gorsuv f ;kH \ ndK§ Utm; rsm;jzihfyif taumif;udkzHk;? tqdk;vHk;vHk;csnf;udkom jrifawGUaewwf\/ xdktBudKufruscsdef\ rkef;pdwf0if tjypfjrifaepOf wpfzufu rnfrQaumif;aeap taumif;[lí rjrifawmhNyD/ tBudKufuscsdef\ cspfpdwf0if tjypfrjrifpOfüvnf;... wpfzufu rnfrQrSm;,Gif;aeap tqdk;[lírjrifwwf. þum;....jzpfysufaeus avmuobm0/ þÓPftqihfüvnf;.... xdkenf;wlpGmomyif/ rnfrQaumif;rGev f yS aom tqihu f kd jrifciG &fh aeap tysujf rif um tjypfjrif NiD;aiGUpdwfrsm; 0ifaeygonf/ rnfrQ om,mzG,ftoHudk Mum;cGihf&aeap tysufudkcsnf; jrifaeum tjypfjrifNiD;aiGUpdwfrsm;uom 0ifaeMuygonf/ onfhtwl...rnfrQaumif;rGefaom teHY t&om tawGU txdwdkYESihf wdk;rdap rowDp&m &GHrkef;p&m 'ku©a&mufp&m toGiftjyif rsm;udkcsnf; cHpm;ae&ygonf/ þÓPfudk usrf;xGufpum;u tm"De0ÓPfqdk\/ tqdk;jrif 0g'jzihf tjypfjrifvsufu NiD;aiGUpdwf xdyfwufaeonfh tqihfyifjzpf\/

tysufwdkYBuD;pdk;aom þvdkae&mrsKd;ü... -rnfolonf wPSmpdwfjzihf cifrifygtHhenf;? -rnfolonf rmepdwfjzihf wuf<uEkdifygtHhenf;? -rnfolonf igY[migY[m[lí odrf;ydkufvdkygtHhenf;? 8/ tysuf a b; wqd w f u av;rQ rat;&NyD tzsufESihfaygif;...NiD;aiGUpdwftaxmif; cH&tHh? tjypfusESihf ckd;awGU....NiD;aiGUpdwf ESdyfpufcH&tHh? ½kyfysufemrfysufwdkYtay: ½Iodvsufu b0\ tjypfudk jrifawGUvmaom a,m*Dü vufcHodrf;ydkufxm;&aom b0\ jzpfpOf BuD;tay: NiD;aiGUpdwfrsm; vSdrfhívSdrfhí 0ifvmaeawmh\/ u/ awGUrSrawGU&ao; ysufoGm;MuNyD/ rdrdrSmom tawG;jypf tpGJjypfrsm; &pfusefaecJhygonf/ c/ ajymírSrqHk;ao; ysufusoGm;MuNyD/ rdrdrSmom BudKufpGJrBudKufpGJ rodpGJrsm; 0Jusefae&pfcJhygonf/ */ vkyfírS rNyD;ao; twGJvdkuf ysufusoGm;MuNyD/ rdrdrSmom raumif;usihf aumif;usihfrsm; eihfusef&pfcJhygonf/ yGjJ yESiyfh o JG rd ;f um; rwdr;f r,dr;f om/ þÓPftqihfodkY toihf0ifvmcJhNyD;aom a,m*DtzdkY... tvkyfMurf;ESihf axmifusaeaom tjypf&orm;yrm... bmvkyfvkyf wufpdwfESihf &Tifpdwfrsm; vHk;0uif;qdwfaeNyD/ b0qdkaom xdkpum; vHk;0rMum;vdkNyD/ b0ESihfywfoufí.. puúefYwpfcsufpmav;rQ a&SUwdk;&rnfudk 0efav;aeygonf/ wpfxdkif wpfem&DrQ a&SUquf&rnfudk aMumuf&GHUaeygonf/ wwfEkdifvQif rSwfvufpae&muyif jzwfcsvdkygonf/ ausvnf; rauseyf? xGufuvnf; rxGufom/ þae&mrsKd;avmuf NiD;aiGUp&mraumif;aom ae&m b,frSm rSr&SdNyD/ xdkÓPfudk usrf;xGufpum; edAÁd'gÓPfqdk\/ oHa0*wdkYjzihf NiD;aiGUvsuf&Sdaeaom ae&mwnf;/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf ) rsuf E S m zk H ; rS t quf

opö m av;yg;ud k od a wmf r l a om ÓPf a wmf ( 4)yg;? y#dordÇ'gÓPfawmf(4)yg;? tom"m&PÓPfawmf(6)yg;? aygif;(14)yg; jzpfygonf/ pk ' ´ o Ak ' ¨ Ó Pmed (1) 'kau©ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (2) 'ku©ork'a,ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (3) 'ku©eda&ma"ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (4) 'ku©eda&m"*grded,m y#dy'g,ÓPH Aka'¨ÓPH (5) tw¬y#dordÇa'ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (6) "r®y#dordÇa'ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (7) ed½kwdåy#dordÇa'ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (8) y#dbme y#dordÇa'ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (9) £`E´d, ya&my&d,wåÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH (10) owåmeH tmo,m Ekoa,ÓPH Ak'¨HÓPH (11) ,ru yg#d[Da&ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH


COVER SPECIAL FEATURS "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/ (12) (13) (14)

r[mu½kPm ormywdå,m ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH oAÁnKwÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH tem0&P ÓPH Ak'¨ÓPH £rmedpk'´o Ak'¨ÓPmed/ (y#dordÇ'gr*¾? ygVdawmf 127? 128) pk'´o-wpfq,hfav;yg;ukefaom? Ak'¨ÓPmed-oAÁnKjrwfpGm bk&m;\ ÓPfawmfwdkYonf? ordÅ-xif&Sm;raoG &Sdygayukef\/ wmedxdkxif&Sm;&Sdaom ÓPfawmf(14)yg;wdkYonf? uwrmed-tb,fwdkYenf; [lrl (1) 'kau©- bHkoHk;yg;üjzpfaom ½kyfemrfw&m;[kqdktyfaom 'ku© opömü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-'ku©y#da0"ÓPfonf Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnK jrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (2) 'ku©ork'a,-'ku©\jzpfaMumif;jzpfaom NiduyfwG,fwm wPSmwnf;[laom ork',opömü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-'ku©ork' ,y#da0"ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygay wnf;/ (3) 'ku©eda&ma"-wPSm\ csKyfNidrf;jcif;aMumihf 'ku©\csKyfNidrf;&m edAÁmefwnf;[laom eda&m"opömü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-'ku©eda&m" y#da0"ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygay wnf;/ (4) 'ku©eda&m"*grded,m-'ku©\ tNyD;owfcsKyfNidrf;&m r[medAÁmef odaYk &mufaMumif;jzpfaom? y#dy'g,-r*¾i&f pS jf zm odum© oH;k &yftusijfh rwf ü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-'ku©eda&m"*grded y#dy'gÓPf[kqdktyfaom? r*¾opö-y#da0"ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmf ygaywnf;/ (5) tw¬y#dordaÇ '-tw¬tjym;ig;yg;wdu Yk kd cGjJ cm;a0zefjcif;ü? y0wåH jzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPHH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmf ygaywnf;/ (6) "r®y#dordÇa'-"r®tjym;ig;yg;wdkYudk cGJjcm;a0zefjcif;ü? y0wåHjzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPf awmfygaywnf;/ (7) ed½kwdåy#dordÇa'-tw¬0gpu "r®0gpu o'´gwdkYudk cGJjcm;a0zef jcif;ü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m; \ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (8) y#dbme y#dordaÇ '-tw¬"r®e½d w k yåd #dord'Ç gÓPfo;kH yg;udk cGjJ cm; a0zefjcif;ü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGm bk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (9) £`E´d, ya&my&d,wåÓPH-owå0gwdkY\ £a`E´tEkt&ihfudk odaomÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygay wnf;/ (10) owåmeH-owå0gwdkY\? tmo,mEkoa,-tmo,m Eko, "mwfü (0g) tvdktZÑmo, udavom tEko,ü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'Ó ¨ PH-oAÁnKjrwfpmG bk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (11) ,ruyg#d[Da&-a&rD;tpHktpHk? wefcdk;jym#d[mudkjyjcif;ü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPH-ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (12) r[mu½kPm ormywdå,m-uRwfxdkufool ewfvljA[®mwdkY udk Munhf½Iawmfrl&m r[mu½kPmormywfü? y0wåH-jzpfaom? ÓPHÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/

25

(13) oAÁnKwÓPH- tvH;k pHak om aO,s"w H &m;ig;yg;wdu Yk kd odaom ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygaywnf;/ (14) tem0&PÓPH-xdkxdktm½Hkudk od&mü tydwftyif twm; tqD;r&Sdaom ÓPfonf? (0g) tqD;twm;r&Sdatmif ulnDaxmufyHh ay;aom ÓPfonf? Ak'¨ÓPH-oAÁnKjrwfpGmbk&m;\ ÓPfawmfygay wnf;/ pk'´o-wpfq,fhav;yg;ukefaom? Ak'¨ÓPed-oAÁnKjrwfpGm bk&m;\ ÓPfawmfwdkYonf? £rmed-o½kyfowfrSwfjyqdktyfaom þÓPfwdkYygaywnf;/ pmud k ; (1) okwåEÅdyd#u ck'´uefdum, y#dordÇ'gr*¾ygVdawmf/ (2) rH&k mG NrKd U? ta&SUv,fww D u kd ?f y"meem,uq&mawmfb&k m;Bu;D t*¾r[my@dw b'´EÅuk@vjyKpkawmfrlaom r[mokw'DyeDusrf; (ywrwG)J Nid r f ; csrf ; OD ;

pdwfZGJ&nfoef ukodkvfrSef ajr§mufyihfESdrfcs? BuHKorQjzihf qHk&aumif;qdk;? ESpfwefrsdK;aMumihf qdk;usdK;a0zef? 0ef;usif'Pfudk wif;cHpdwf&if;? ESvHk;oGif;í aerif;xefjyif;? yl&Sdefjyif;vnf; pdwfwGif;at;jr? raESmvScJh rdk;usonhfcg? avjyif;vmvnf; pOfvmtNrJ? qGrf;avmif;pJrdkY &ifxJyDwd? *Grf;qDxda0 todawGyGm;? 'gersm;udk pdwfxm;jzLpGm? pkaygif;cgESihf o'¨gwljcif;? rQa0jcif;jzihf 0gwGif;0gy? avmif;vSLMuum b,mab;rsdK;? aqmif;ESif;rdk;yGihf aumif;qdkwzef? Owk'Pfvnf; cEÅDpdwf&if;? tm;rmefoGif;í &ifwGif;&Tifjy? qGrf;'gejzihf vSLMua0qm? NrdKifqdkifumESihf csdefcgryrf;? wpfeyfqGrf;udk vSL'gef;ylaZmf? om"kac:í rEGrf;&Tifpdwf? edAÁL&dyfodkY wufvSrf;EdkifMuygapaomf0f/ / a&T j ynf o mrS ]Ak ' ¨ * k P f a &mif q G r f ; tusd K ;aqmif t zG J U } od k Y *kPfjyKa&;zGJUYygonf/ {'if - 0if ; vG i f


VISION OF THE DHAMMA

26

"r®0D&onf t"r®w&m;z,f&Sm;Edkif&ef jzpfonf/

aemuf a usmzk H ; rS &av&m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpöudk) rsm;pGmjyKtyfonfjzpf&m\} [k tBuHjzpfyg\ t&Sifbk&m;/ tuREfkyfonf þodkYvQif r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\}} [k avQmuf\/ (2) aemufxyf&[ef;wpfyg;uvnf; jrwfpmG bk&m;tm;? ¤if; r&P ówdukd yGm;rsm;ygaMumif; avQmufxm;vmí? r&Pówdukd tb,foYkd yGm;rsm;oenf;[k jrwfpGmbk&m;u ar;awmfrl\/ ]]t&Sijf rwfpmG bk&m;? tuREykf t f m; ]igonf aeY0ufrQtouf&iS f ygrl aumif;avpGmh/ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &m\/ ih g tm; pif p pf (&[ef ; ud p ö u d k ) rsm;pG m jyKtyf o nf j zpf & m\} [k tBuHjzpfyg\/ þodkYvQif r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\}} [k avQmufxm; av\/ (3) &[ef;wpfyg;uvnf; qGrf;wpfxyfpm;csdeftwGif; touf&Sif ygrl aumif;avpGm/h jrwfpmG bk&m; tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpöudk) rsm;pGmjyKtyf&m\[k tBuHjzpfyg\/ þodkYvQif r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\[k avQmufav\/ (4) &[ef ; wpf y g;uvnf ; qG r f ; wpf x yf p m;csd e f \ xuf 0 uf r Q touf&iS yf grl aumif;avpGmh/ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &av&m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpöudk) rsm;pGmjyKtyf&m\[k tBuH jzpfyg\/ þuJhodkY r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\[k avQmuf\/ (5) &[ef;wpfyg;uvnf; qGrf;av;vkwfig;vkwfudk 0g;rsdKaecsdef twGif; touf&Sif&ygrl aumif;avpGmh[kvnf;aumif;- (6) &[ef;wpfyg;uvnf; qGrf;wpfvkwfudk 0g;rsdKaecsdeftwGif; touf&Sif&ygrl aumif;avpGmh[kvnf;aumif;- (7) &[ef ; wpf y g;uvnf ; 0if o uf ½ I í xG u f o uf x k w f c sd e f ? xGufoufxkwfí 0ifouf½IcsdeftwGif; touff&Sifygrl aumif;avpGmh/ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &av&m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpu ö )kd rsm;pGmjyKtyf&m\[k tBujH zpfyg\/ þodv Yk Qif r&Pówdukd yGm;rsm;yg\[k avQmufxm;avonf/ (8) &[ef;wdkYu þodkYavQmufxm;vwfaomf jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdk&[ef;wdkYtm; þodkYrdefYqdka[mMum;awmfrl\/ ]]&[ef;wdkY (txufazmfjyyg) tMuif&[ef;ajcmufyg;wdkYudk arharhavsmhavsmhaeukef\[lívnf;aumif;? tmoa0gw&m; ukefcrf; &ef EkeaYf ES;pGm r&Pówdukd yGmr;sm;uke\ f [lívnf;aumif; qdt k yfuek f \/}} ]]&[ef;wdkY tMuif&[ef;onfum; ]igonfqGrf;wpfvkwf0g;rsdK aecsdeftwGif;rQtouf&Siyf grl aumif;avpGm/h jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k tr awmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &av&m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpörsm;udk) rsm;pGm jyKtyfonfjzpf&m\}} [k þodkY r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;\/ ]]tMuif&[ef;onfvnf; ]igonf 0ifouf½í I xGuo f ufxw k f ½H?k xGuo f ufxw k í f 0ifouf½½I t kH wGi;f rQ touf&iS &f ygrl aumif;avpGmh aumif;avpGmh? jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpörsm;udk) rsm;pGmjyKtyfonfjzpf&m\[k þodkY r&P ówdudk yGm;rsm;\/}} ]]&[ef;wdkY þ&[ef;ESpfyg;wdkYudk rarhravsmhaeMuukef\[lí vnf;aumif;? tmoa0gw&m; ukefcrf;&ef xufoefpGmr&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;ukef\[lívnf;aumif; qdktyfukef\/}} ]]&[ef;wdkY- xdkYaMumihf ]rarhravsmhaeukefthH/ tmoa0gw&m;

And when he had thus spoken, the Exalted One said to those monks: "This monk who makes become mindfulness of death thus: Surely were I to live but one day and night, an I were to ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would be done by me; and he who make it become thus: Surely were I to live for a day only...; or: half a day...; or: long enough to eat one alms- meal...; or: half an alms- meal..; or: long enough to swallow four or five morsels of food, which I have munched, an I were to ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would be done by me– these monks are said to live indolently; and slackly they make mindfulness of death become for the destruction of the cankers. But he who makes become mindfulness of death thus: Were I to live long enough to swallow one morsel of food..; or thus: Were I to live long eough to breathe in after breathing out, or to breathe out after breathing in, an I were ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would be done by me– these monks are said to live diligently; and keenly they make mindfulness of death become for the destruction of cankers. Wherefore, monks, train yourselves thus: We will live diligently and keenly make mindfulness of death become to the end that we may destroy the cankers. "Train yourselves thus, monks."

ukefcrf;&ef xufoefpGm r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;ukeftHh} [k usihf&rnf/ &[ef;wdkY oifwdkYtm;vHk; þuJhodkYom usihfMu&rnf[k jrwfpGmbk&m; rdefYMum;awmfrlav\/ (okwEå yÅ #d u? t*Fw k Kd¬ &yf gVdawmf? 'kw, d yPÖmou? ,ru0*f? yXr r&Pówdokwfudk jyefqdkwifjytyfygonf/) "r® 0 D & -oEÅ m atmif tjynf j ynf q d k i f & m ax&0g'Ak ' ¨ o moemjyKwuú o d k v f &ef u k e f N rd K U/

&mpkopf\ pdeaf c:rIrsKd;pku H dk Nidr;f csrf;aompdwf &J&ifw h nfMunfaom avmutjrifjzifh b0ukd &ifqkdifvsuf atmifjrifpmG jzwfoef;Ekid Mf uzkYd "r®0&D *sme,f zwfMupkUd


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

27

"r®0D&onf Ak'¨w&m;jzifh avmuudk apmihfa&Smuf&efjzpfonf/

arwåmw&m;aeYpOfyGm;? pGrf;tm;ydkif&Sifrsm; ouf y d k i f N id r f ; (½k u © a A')

]]a[mµ r[m um;0ifvmNyD/}} jrif;NcHrS &efukefodkYoGm;rnhf ]r[m} um;udk rvdiI Nf rKd UrS uRerf wdrYk o d m;pk tm;vH;k apmihf aeMuonf/ ,ckwpfacguf uRefroGm;rnhf c&D; pOfrSm &efukefrSwpfqihf uRefr\om;BuD;&Sd&m puFmylojYkd zpfygonf/ rvdiI *f w d w f iG f &yfvu dk o f nhf tjref,mOfum;ay:odYk uRerf wufvu dk yf gonf/ uRerf \xdik cf w kH iG f trsKd ;om;wpfO;D ESihf trsKd ;orD; wpfOD;wdkYu tcefYom;xdkifvsuf]]'g...udk,hfcHkeHygwfyg? z,fay;yg}} wkww f w k rf QrvIyo f nfh c&D;onfEpS Of ;D udkMunhfNyD;]]um;q&m? 'DrSmMunhfvkyfOD;av}} uRefru atmfajymvkdufonhftcgrS um;q&mu]]cifAsm;wdkY b,frSmqif;MurSmvJ}} ]]rdwv D¬ m}} ]]'gqdk Mum;cHkrSmxdkifay;Muyg}} ]]uJ}} [kqdkum uRefru uRefr\ xdkifcHkae&mudk ZGwfwdk;0ifonf/ um;eHab;wGif &yfvsuf uRefrudkEIwfqufMurnhf uRefr\ rdom;pkukd Munhcf sio f nhq f E´jzihf pdww f v kd mum]]uJ- xay;Muyg}} ]]Mum;cHkb,frSmvJ? Mum;cHkcsay;NyD;rS xEdik rf ,f}} uRefru a'gojzpfvmum ]]um;q&m..}} [k toHjri§ í fh atmfvu kd rf S xay;Mu

ygonf/ xd k t csd e f rvd I i f u m; *dwfudk a&muf uwnf;u um;pufr&yfbJ xm;onhf tjref,mOf um;u bD;vdrfhp jyKNyD; xdkolESpfOD;csxm;aom cef;pnf;pudq k t JG z,f um;u 0l;ueJ armif;xGuf vkdufyg onf / vQyf w ysuf t wG i f ; uRef r jrif v k d u f & onf r S m uRef r twG u f tES p f 40 ausmf uRefr \ ]t&dyfyrm} jzpfcJhaom tdrfOD;ewfocif aus;Zl;&Sif\rsufESm/ uRefr\c&D;pOfudk oabm rwlco hJ nhf refusn;f oD; wpf0uf? xef;vQuw f pf 0ufa&mxm;onhf uRefrom;i,f\rsufESm? aemuf uRef r \ acR;rav;ES i h f ajr;ri,fav;rsm; wpfcP wmtwGif;rSmyif uRefr\jrifuGif;rS aysmuf uG,foGm;MuacsNyD/ rvdIifrS pwifxGufvmonhftcsdefu wnf;u &Gmvku d o f nhrf ;kd / vQypf ;D w0if;0if;vuf onfrmS um;rSejf yLwif;udyk ifazmufí 0ifa&muf vmwwf y gonf / vQyf p D ; w0if ; 0if ; vuf í rd;k Ncrd ;f oHukd aMumufwwfco hJ u l Rerf udk rd;k ewfrif; u pwifNcrd ;f ajcmufped af c:vsu&f adS csNy/D uRerf rsupf u d pkd rkH w dS f EIwcf rf;udk wif;wif;aphyw d x f m; um tm;rmefwif;xm;ygonf/ rdk;uonf;? vrf;uusOf; ta0;ajy;tjref,mOfum;BuD;rSm b,fnm,drf;xdk;vsufjzpfaeonf/ ]]a&SUu um;vmw,f}} ]]nmuyfr,f}} ]]um;aemufu qdik u f ,fawGygvmao; w,f}} ]]ausmfvdkYr&ao;..}} ponfjzihf um;armif;ol '½kdifbm\ b,fbufab;rSmxkid v f suaf tmfajymNy;D vrf;ñTef ay;aeolpy,f,m\vrf;ñTefoHudk em;axmif &if; onf;vSaomrd;k aMumihf avmu"mwfwpfciG f vH;k tvif;a&mifaysmufum tarSmifyw d zf ;kH vsuf &Sdonhfvrf;udk um;a&SUrD;ESpfvHk;udktm;jyKvsuf armif;ESiaf eol um;'½dik b f m? uRerf \vufEpS f bufudk &if0,fwifvkdufrdygonf/ uRefr\

þc&D;um; ..../ ]]c&D;oGm;&if &wemoHk;yg;rarheJY? orÁKa'¨*gxmudk rjywf&w G zf wfygorD;}} [laom arG;arar\pum;oHukd jyefvnfMum;a,mifryd g onf/ um;pwifxGufvmuwnf;u &Gwfvkduf &onhf orÁKa'¨? pdwfudkwnfNidrfatmifxm;í r&Edkifjzpfaeygonf/ ]]uJ orD;i,f um;ay:wufawmh}} yckuúLrS aq;? aq;½dk;rsm;wifaqmif xm;onhf ukeu f m;rsm;jzihf rvdiI u f jkd yef&ef uRerf zcifBu;D ESirfh cd ifBu;D wdu Yk kd xdik u f efawmhpOf xH;k pH twkid ;f use;f rmcsr;f omapaMumif; qkreG af y;Mu NyD; oGm;vrf;vmvrf;acsmharGUNyD; tEÅ&m,fuif; apaMumif; qkay;wwfMuonhf uRerf \rdbrsm;/ yckuúLtdrfodkYjyef&wkdif; aysmf&TifcJh&NyD; rvdIifodkY jyefcsdefwkdif; idkcJh&onhf uRefr? tBudrfaygif;rsm; pGmyg/ ]]aysm&f mrSm rae&? awmf&mrSmae&yg rnf}} ]]orÁKa'¨*gxmawmfukd rjywf&w G o f mG ; aemf orD;i,f}} um;ay:twufwGif xyfrHowday; ajymMum;vku d o f l rdcifBu;D ? rdbrsm;udk vuftyk f csD uefawmhNyD; aq;½dk;um;ESpfpD;? aq;ydkYum; wpfpD;? um; 3 pD;jzihf uRefrcspfonhfholrsm;udk xm;&pfcJhum xGufcGmvmcJh&ygonf/ v,f,m? qifvrf;? uHv?S o&ufawm? jrpfajc ponhf rsm;vSpGmaom &GmpOfrsm;udk jzwfí uRe;f acsmif;"mwfajrMoZmpuf½kH Zufqyd f odYk uRerf a&mufcsed w f iG -f ]]um; 3-pD;vH;k rwifEikd af wmhyg? wpD; om &ygr,f}} [k qdkvmaom Zufqdyfwm0efcH a&,mOf*dwfrSL;\pum;aMumihf uRefrarmoGm; ygonf/ ]]wpfpD;xJawmh cGJrvTwfawmhygbl; OD;BuD;vSatmif&,f? aemufwpfacgufusrSyJ vku d yf gawmhr,f}} ]]'gqdk uRefrum; 'DZufeJY vkdufoGm; vkdufr,faemf nDr}} rdwv D¬ maps;wGif aq;&GuBf u;D a&mif;cs ol a':cifwihfu olr\aq;um; Zufay:wif í yXrtacgufwiG f uRerf ud, k pf m;vku d yf goGm; cJhygonf/ rMumyg? aemufwpfacgufwGif um;


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

28

"r®0D&onf Nidrf;csrf;aompdwfjzpfwnf&ef &Gnf&G,fonf/

3 pD;udk OD;aqmifvsuf Zuful;vmcJhygonf/ a&SUqHk;um;ay:wGif tpfrtBuD;qHk; (cdkif) \ om;jzpfol uRefr\wl brif;cdkifu vdkufygí yk * H Z uf q d y f r S eH e uf 7-em&D t csd e f c ef Y w G i f xGufcGmcJhygonf/ ykyÜg;vrf;rSm twuftqif;rsm;í ausmufyef;awmif;vrf;udo k m a&G;cs,o f mG ;vm Muygonf/ xdpk Ofu um;vrf;rSm ,aeYacwfuo hJ Ykd aumif;rGefacsmarGUjcif;r&SdcJhao;yg/ vrf;eHab; rS m awmcsKH t k y f r sm;? awmif u rl r sm;pG m ud k jzwfoef;&ygonf/ um;vrf;ab;wpfae&m ta&muf ]][,f? taMumfeaYH v;u arT;vdu k w f m? um;q&m 'Dqidk rf mS cPem;Ny;D taMumfpm;Mu& atmif? a&SUum;BuD; [Gef;oHay;NyD; tcsufjy &yfcdkif;vkdufyg}} vrf;ab;taMumfqdkifu arT;&eHYrSm uRefrudk qGJaqmifcJhygonf/ a&aEG;Murf;ESihf taMumfyyl al v;udx k idk pf m;MuNy;D aemuf uRerf wdYk c&D;udk jyefvnfqufvufarmif;ESicf MhJ uygonf/ uRef r \a&S U qH k ; um;u armif ; ES i f a e&mrS um;vrf;ab;qif;í &yfvu dk o f nfukd jrifvu dk &f ygonf/ ]]um; bmjzpfwmygvdrfh}} ]]a&SUrSm um;wpfpD;}} ]][,f..'g a':cifwih&f UJ aq;ydu Yk m; yJ}} vrf;eHab;wGif vJusaeol a':cifwihf xH pdk;&drfylyefpGm tajy;oGm;&if;... ]]bmjzpfMuwmvJ¿ bmjzpfwmvJ}} ]]uRefrwdkYum;udk "m;jywkdufoGm;vdkY? trav;emvku d w f m}} em;&G u f w G i f aoG ; rsm;xG u f v suf id k a <u;ae&S m ol a':cif w ih f / "m;jyrsm;rS m ukef0,fNyD; a':cifwihfwGif aiGenf;yg;aeí rauseyfMuyg/ vlu½kd u kd Ef u S Nf y;D em;rSem;uyfukd ZGwfcRwf,loGm;Mujcif;jzpfygonf/ uRefrrSm uRefr\em;udk a,mif&rf;um udkifMunhfvkdufrd ygonf/ ]]bk&m;..bk&m;..}} &ifudk ]r} í bk&m; ]w} rdygonf/ aemufwpfvcefYtMumwGif rdw¬Dvm &JwyfzGJUu xdk"m;jytzGJUrSwpfOD;udk wjcm;trI wpfckjzihf vuf&zrf;rdcJhygonf/ yckuúLu yGJpm;BuD;orD;ti,fr\ um;ESihf rSm;,Gif;í ypönf;vk "m;jywkdufcJhrdMu jcif;jzpfaMumif; xGuq f ckd o hJ nf[k od&&dS ygonf/ uRefrrSm MuufoD;arT;n§if;rsm;yif xrdygonf/

a':cifwift h wGurf l pdwrf aumif;jzpf&ygonf/ ]]bk&m; u,fvkdufwmyJ}} [laom todukd &&Sv d u dk yf gonf/ Zufu;l csed f vGcJ &hJ jcif;? BuHBuHzefzef arT;BudKifaom taMumf&eHYaMumifh taMumfqikd w f iG f em&D0ufcefY tcsed Mf uefMY umcJ&h jcif ; wd k Y a Mumif h uRef r rS m "m;jyrsm;\&ef r S uif ; a0;cJ h & jcif ; yif j zpf y gonf / xd k t od xdt k awG;udk &vku d o f nhcf P0,f &wemoH;k yg; *kPaf us;Zl;? rdbq&morm;rsm;\ *kPaf us;Zl;? orÁKa'¨*gxmawmfjrwf\ tusdK;aus;Zl;rsm;udk uRefr aumif;pGmodvkduf&ygonf/ orÁ K a'¨ * gxm bk & m;&S d c k d ; orÁKa'¨ t|0DoÍö 'Gg'oÍö o[óau? yÍöow o[ómed ermrd od&omr[H tyÜum 0gVKum **Fg? teEÅm edAÁKwm Zdem? awoH "r®Íö oHCÍö? tm'a&e ermr[H? eruúm&m Ekbma0e? [dwGm oaAÁ Oya'´a0? teum tEÅ&m,m,d? 0deóEÅK taooawm/ orÁ K a'¨ * gxm\teuf t|0DoH- oHk;yg;b0 oHk;avmuwGif ÓP a&mifzdwf atmifbdodufESihf ESpfusdyf&Spfql ukefaom? orÁKa'¨p- wefaqmifyrm ÓPfa&mif0gjzihf opömyGihfvif;w&m;rif;wdkYudkvnf;aumif;? 'G g 'o Íö o[óau- ed AÁ m ef u d ef ; atmif ; 'oÍö pufarGUavsmif;onhf wpfaomif;ESpfaxmif ukefaom? orÁ K a'¨ p - va&mif y rm ÓPf a &mif 0 gjzih f opömvif;ajymif jrwfbkef;acgifwdkYudk vnf; aumif;? yÍö o wo[óed - aomif ; xk d u f p Mu0Vm *kPf0ga&mif&Sdef; ig;odef;ukefaom? orÁ K a'¨ p - aea&mif y rm ÓPf a &mif 0 gjzih f opömvif;xdef jrwfrkedefwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? t[H- tuREfkyfonf? od&om- OD;acgif;&wemjrwft*Fgjzihf? ermrd- ½dkaoñGwfusdK; vufpHkrdk;í &Sdcdk;yg\/ **Fg **Fg,, **FgjrpfwGif;ü? 0gVKum- &SdMuukefaomoJwdkYonf tyÜum- enf;Muukefao;\/ edAÁKwm- bHZk mwford ;f í Nird ;f at;awmfrMl uukef NyD;aom?

Zdem- aESmifh,Sufzefvm rm&fig;jzmudk t&d,m r*f bkef;a&mifpufjzihf csdK;zsufvG,ful atmif awmfrlaom bk&m;&Siftaygif;wdkYum;? teEÅm- ocsmF *Pef; a&wGurf eS ;f vnf; qH;k cef; wdkifajrmuf ra&mufEdkifMuukef/ awZdaep- xdkbk&m;&SifwdkYudkvnf;aumif;? awoH- xdik g;ode;f wpfaomif;ESpaf xmifEpS u f sw d f &Spfqlukefaom bk&m;&Sif? ra&rwGufEdkifaom bk&m;&SifwdkY\? "r®Íö- w&m;awmfjrwfudkvnf;aumif;? oHCÍö- wynhfom; oHCmawmfjrwfudkvnf; aumif;? t[H- tuREfkyfonf? tm'a&e tm'&H - ½dkaopGm? ermrd- &Sdcdk;yg\/ eruúm&mEkbma0e ma0e- þodkY&Sdcdk;ylaZmf zl;ajrmf rmefavsmh uefawmh&aom yPmrukodkvf apwemaMumihf? oaAÁ- cyfodrf;ukefaom? Oy'´a0- ab;&efwdkYudk? [dwGm- y,fazsmufí? taeutEÅ&m,myd- wpfyg;ru rsm;vSoG,f oG,f tEÅ&m,fwdkYonfvnf;? taooawm- t<uif ; tusef r &S d a om tm;jzihf? 0deóEÅK- aysmufysufygapownf;/ eHeufcif;tdyf,mx? rsufESmopf? oeyfcg;aoG;? a&csdK; wpfaeYwmvkyfief;rsm;udk vkyfudkif&if; txufyg orÁKa'¨*gxmbk&m;&Sdcdk; udk &Gwzf wfyal Zmfavh&o dS l uRerf ? qxufxrf;yd;k ,HkMunfrIwdk;um &GwfzwfylaZmfcJhygonf/ aus;Zl;&Sifrdbrsm;\ arwåmpGrf;tm; rsm;udk OD;aESmuftodjzihf &if0,fodrf;qnf; owdxm;jcif;jzihf rdru d , kd u f kd apmifah &Smuf&m\/ xdx Yk uf jrwfpmG bk&m;&Si\ f *kPaf wmfbek ;f wefc;kd t&Sdeftapmf tmEkabmfwdkY\ pGrf;tm;rsm;udk OD;xdyfyefqifum rdrdtwGuf? rdom;pktwGuf owå0ga0ae,srsm;tm;vH;k twGuf rdr\ d ywf0ef; usiw f pfcv k ;kH twGuf BuKd ;pm;vkyaf qmifEikd Mf u& rnfjzpfygawmhonf/ ouf y d k i f N id r f ; (½k u © a A')


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

29

cifyGef;BuD;q,fyg; rjypfrSm;ESihf pd M w&H o D

(,cif t ywf r S t quf )

rzl ; jrif & aomf v nf ; a*gwrbk & m;&S i f \ t*¾ o m0u ESpfyg;[k qkdvQif &Sifom&dykwå&mESihf &Sifr[m arm*¾vmefrax&fjrwfBuD;ESpfyg;jzpfaMumif; Ak'¨bmom0ifrSeforQ od&SdMuonf/ ynmt&m {w'*f&awmfrlonhf &Sifom&dykwå&mrax&f jrwfBuD;onf &[ef;jzpfawmfrlNyD;aemuf (15) &uftMumrSmyif tmoa0guif;uGm &[EÅm jzpf a wmf r l c J h \ / vuf , mawmf & H j zpf o nf / &Sifarm*¾vmefrax&fjrwfBuD;um; wefckdf;t&m wGif {w'*f&awmfrl\/ (7)&uftMumrSmyif &[EÅ m jzpf a wmf r l c J h \ / vuf 0 J a wmf & H t*¾om0uBu;D wnf;/ þuJhokdY ynmt&m? wefckd;t&mwGif {w'*f&awmfrcl MhJ uonhf t*¾om0uBu;D ESpyf g; ukd rdrdwdkYonf vufawGUrsufjrif rzl;ajrmf& aomaMumihf um,uHajrmuf jypfrSm;rdzkdYtcGihf udkum; vkH;0r&Sdacs/ okdYaomf ykxkZOfwkdYoabm um; ajym&cuf v S o nf / um,uH a jrmuf rjypfrSm;aomfvnf; 0pDuH? raemuHtm;jzihfrl jypfrSm;EkdifMuao;onf/ þuJhodkY *kPfaus;Zl;BuD;rm;onhf t*¾om0uBu;D ESpyf g;ukd EIw?f pdww f jYkd zihf jypfrmS ; rdcJhygvQif xkdufonhftm;avsmfpGm wefjyef oufa&mufrIqkd;usKd;ukd cHpm;&rnfu aocsm vS\/ xdYkaMumifh tav;tjrwfjyKxkdufonhf t*¾om0uESpfyg;ukd jypfrSm;rdygu ypöKyÜef oH o &mES p f j zm ES p f b 0vk H ; t½I H ; BuD ; ½I H ; í raumif;usKd;wdkYukd cHpm;&rnfrSm {uefyif jzpfaMumif; owdoaH 0*,lEidk Mf uap&ef atmuf ygZmwfvrf;tpOfwu Ykd dk yd#uwfxw J iG f rSww f rf; wifxm;cJhMujcif;omjzpfyg\/ t*¾ o m0ujypf r S m ;í i&J v m;&ol onfpOfu bk&m;&Sifonf &mZN*Kd[f jynf a0VK0efausmif;awmfü oDwif;ok;H aeawmf rlonf/ t&Sifom&dykwå&mESihf t&Sifarm*¾vmef t*¾om0uESpfyg;wdkYonf ]waygw} acsmuf

twGif;&Sd awmausmif;ü oDwif;okH;aeawmf rlonf/ &Sifom&dykwå&mrax&f jrwfBuD;\ OD;acgif;awmfonf qHcs xm;qJjzpfonht f wGuf ajymifaeonf/ rax&fjrwf ormywfudk 0ifpm; aeawmf r l ck d u f r S m yif j zpf o nf / bD v l ; ESpfaumifonf [dr0EÅmbDvl; tpnf;ta0;rS jyef v mae Muonf / aumif ; uif c &D ; jzih f vmaeonh f bD v l ; ES p f a umif o nf va&mifaMumihf wajymifajymif jzpfaeonfh &Sifom&dykwå&mrax&fjrwf\ OD;acgif;awmfukd jrif & onh f t cg bD v l ; wpf aumif u tvkdvkdae&if; jypfrSm;csifpdwfayguf vmonf/ xkdYaMumifh tazmfbDvl;tm;]]ol i ,f c sif ; 'D & [ef ; &J U acgif ; uk d wif;ykwfxkcsifvkdufwmuGm}} ]]rvkyfeJY oli,fcsif;? rif;'ku©a&muf vdrrhf ,f? 'D&[ef;[m tifrwefrS wefc;dk Bu;D rm; vSw,f}} þuJhodkY wm;jrpfaomfvnf; jypfrSm; csifonhfpdwfu BuD;rm;aeonhfbDvl;ukd rnfokdY rQ ajymqkdwm;jrpfír&awmhavNyD/ eE´bDvl; onf rax&fjrwf\OD;acgif;tm; wif;ykwfESihf xkEu S v f u dk af vawmhonf/ eE´bv D ;l \ ykwcf wf ½kdufESufrIum; jyif;xefvSavpG/ ckepfawmif &S d o nf h qif a jymif w pf a umif a oEk d i f o vk d awmifxw G yf ifvQif NyKu d o JG mG ;Ekid af vmufatmif jyif;xefvSonf/ odkYaomf rax&fjrwfBuD;onf um; ormywfwefckd;aMumifh rnfokdYrQ jzpfawmf rrlacs/ rax&fjrwfBuD;om rnfodkYrQrjzpf aomf v nf ; taMumif ; rJ h j ypf r S m ;apmf u m;ol eE´bDvl;onfum; wif;ykwfESihf xkESufNyD;cP rSmyif]]trav; ylvu dk w f m- ylvu dk w f m}} [k nnf;wGm;atmf[pfvsufuyif aumif;uifrS jyKwfusNyD; csufcsif;yif t0Dpdi&JodkY usoGm; avawmhonf/ &S i f r [marm*¾ v mef o nf 'd A Á p u© K tbdnmOfwefckd;awmfjzihf odjrifonhftwGuf ar;jref;awmfrv l u dk o f nf/ ]]igh&Sif usef;rmyg\avm}} ]]ihg&Si-f use;f rmyg\? 'gayr,fh acgif;

uawmh tenf;i,femaew,f}} ]]ihg&Sifom&dykwå&m bDvl;jyif;xefpGm xkaxmif;vku d w f mukd tenf;i,frQom emusif w,fvdkYqkdjcif;um; tHhzG,faumif;vSygw,f}} ]]ihg&Sifarm*¾vmef oifu bDvl;ukd jrifayr,fh igrlum; ajrbkwfbDvl;Nydwåmukd awmif rjrifzl;yg? tHhzG,faumif;vSygw,f}} t&SifjrwfBuD;ESpfyg;\ tjyeftvSef ar;jref;oHum; waygwacsmuf vGifwD;acgif 0,f vGifhysHaeqJ/ odkYaomf rax&fjrwfESpfyg;\ pum;oHwdkYukdrl t0Dpdi&JodkY a&mufoGm;onhf eE´ b D v l ; um; Mum;Ek d i f p G r f ; r&S d a wmh a vNyD / t*¾om0ujypfrSm;í i&Jvm;&ol eE´bDvl;\ jzpf&yfum; w&m;usp&maumif;vSygaypG/ ajrrsKd c H & armif e E´ jrwf A k ' ¨ \ &[ef ; rtaygif ; wd k Y w G i f OyÜv0Pfax&Dronfum; wefc;dk t&m {w'*f &awmfrlonhf vuf0Jawmf&H bdu©KeDax&Dryif jzpfonf/ ax&Drtavmif;vsmonf y'krkwå& bk&m;&SifvufxufawmfrSpí yg&rDukokdvf wdkYukd jznhfusihfawmfrlcJhNyD; vlYjynf ewfjynfwdkY ü tpkeftqef usifvnfvmcJhí a*gwrbk&m; &Sif yGihfxGef;awmfrlonhftcg om0w¦djynfwGif olaX;orD;jzpfvmcJhonf/ MumnKdyef;ESifhwl onh f tqif ; &S d a omaMumih f OyÜ v 0PÖ ]OyÜv0Pf} [k trnfwGifcJhonf/ OyÜ v 0Pf t&G , f a &muf v monh f tcg a&S;ukokdvfuHaMumifh ½kyf&nftqif;u acsmarmvGef;vSonf/ ZrÁL'dyfuRef;ae rif;nD rif;om;? olaX;om;wdo Yk nf OyÜv0PftvSty av;tm; zcifolaX;BuD;xH awmif;qkdvmMu onf/ zcifoal X;Bu;D \pdwx f w J iG f þodpYk Of;pm; rdvmonf/ ]]tif;- ihgrSm orD;u wpfa,muf wnf ; ? vk d c sif o l a wG u 0k d i f ; 0k d i f ; vnf v k d Y rjzpfao;ygbl;? orD;ukd ar;MunhfOD;rSmyJ}} þodkYjzifh OyÜv0Pfukdac:í zcif olaX;BuD;u ar;jref;Munhfvkdufonf/ ]]orD;- &[ef; bduK© erD jyKEidk yf gh rvm;}} ypä d r b0d u (þb0rS v G e f v Qif y&dedAÁmef0ifpHrnhfol) om;jzpfonhf OyÜv0Pf onf zcif\pum;ukd Mum;&onhftcg tvGef w&mrS 0rf;omvSonhftwGuf-


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

30

"r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/

]]orD; &[ef;jyKEkdifygw,f taz}} [k ajymqkdvkdufonf/ OyÜv0Pfum; bdu©KeDrav; jzpfcJh avNyD/ &[ef;jzpfí rMumrDrSmyif Oykoftdrf twG i f ; wH j ruf p nf ; vS J qD r D ; xG e f ; aepOf rS m yif qD r D ; rS rD ; vQH e d r d w f u k d , l awaZm uokdPf; jzpfvmonf/ awaZmuokdPf;ukd ½I r S w f & mrS &&S d o nh f p smef u k d tajccH í tm;xk w f & m y#d o rÇ d ' gav;yg;? tbd n mOf wef c k d ; wd k Y u k d y g &&S d a wmf r l N yD ; tmoa0g uif ; uG m &[EÅ m ax&D r jzpf a wmf r l a v onf / ax&Dronf aeYqGrf;udpöNyD;qkH;wkdif; awmodkY0ifum aeYoefYpifaeavh&Sdonf/ xkdpOf u bduK© erD rsm; awmausmif;üaejcif;ukd bk&m; &Sif ynwfawmfrrlao;ay/ odkYjzpfaomaMumifh awmxJwGif anmifapmif;cif;um wif;wdrf um&Hvsuf ausmif;trSwfjzihf oDwif;okH;Mu onf/ ax&Drum; om0w¦dNrKdUxJodkY qGrf;cH <uonf/ OyÜv0Pfax&DrwGif vlYb0wkef; u armif 0 rf ; uG J w pf a ,muf & S d o nf / emrnf u armif e E´ [ k a c:\/ OD ; av;\ om;jzpf o nf / armif e E´ u m; OyÜ v 0Pf u k d [kdt&ifvlYb0rSm uwnf;u pGJvef;ESpfouf aeol/ r&Ekid rf eS ;f odíom vufavQmah e&aomf vnf; &vmrnfh tcGihfta&;ukdum; acsmif;ae vsufom/ wpf&uf ax&Dr om0w¦dNrKdUxJodkY qGrf;cH<upOf armifeE´wpfa,muf ax&Dr oDwif;okH;&m awmausmif;odkYoGm;NyD; anmif apmif;aemufü yke;f aeonf/ ax&Dronfvnf; aeYoefYpif&ef xkdawmausmif;odkY <uvmonf/ aeylxJrS vmcJh&onfhtwGuf twGif;&Sdt&mukd oJoJuGJuGJrjrifawGU&ay/ ax&Dr anmifapmif;ay:odkY wufí vSJrd½kHom&Sdao;onf/ tcGihfaumif;ukd acsmif; aeonhf eE´vv k ifonf anmifapmif;atmufrS xGufvmNyD; ax&Drudk jypfrSm;avawmhonf/ ]][J h irk d u f o m;.. oih f u k d , f o if rzsufqD;ygeJY}} ax&Dru wm;jrpf&Smonf/ odkYaomf &m*tarSmifzkH;aeonfh eE´vkvifum; wm;jrpf csufukd em;r0ifavawmhNyD/ eE´vkvifwpf a,muf qE´jynhf0í awmausmif;rS txGuf rS m yif rjypf r S m ;xk d u f o nh f t*¾ o m0d u mr OyÜv0Pfax&Drtm; jypfrSm;apmfum;cJhonhf eE´vkvifukd r[myx0DajrBuD;onf ESpfjzm uGJí t0Dpdi&JodkY qGJcsoGm;avNyDwnf;/

'k ó D r m&f e wf twd w f Z mwf uuk o ef b k & m;&S i f yG i f h a wmf r l p Of u jzpf í &S i f r [marm*¾ v mef tavmif ; awmf o nf xk d p Of u 'k ó D r m&f e wf j zpf c J h N yD ; olYwGif ]umvD} [kac:onhf ESrwpfOD;vnf; &Sdonf/ uukoefbk&m;&Sif\vuf,mawmf &HrSm ]0d"l&} rax&fjrwfjzpfí vuf0Jawmf&H um; ]oÍÆD0} rax&fjzpfonf/ 'kóDrm&fewf onf xk d p Of u omoemawmf t m; tNi§Kd;BuD;pGmxm;í vltrsm; txiftjrif rS m ;ap&ef trsKd ; rsKd ; taES m if h t ,S u f ay;cJ h o nf / 'kóDrm&fewfonf olaX;ol<u,f wdkYukd 0ifyl;vsuf bk&m;&SifESifh oHCmawmf wd k Y u k d qJ q k d a pcJ h o nf / &[ef ; wd k Y u k d v nf ; trsKd;rsKd; ajcmufvSeYfonf/ vltrsm; uJh&JU cH & ap&ef v nf ; toG i f t rsKd ; rsKd ; zef q if ; jycJ h o nf / &[ef ; rsm; iS u f a xmif z rf ; aeonh f o @mef ? rd e f ; rrsm;ES i h f aysmf y g; aeonh f t oG i f ponf j zih f txif t jrif rS m ;ap&ef zef q if ; jyocJ h o nf / þonfukd jrifMu&onhfvlrsm;onf &[ef;wdkYukd uJh&JUMuonfhtwGuf raumif;rI tuk o d k v f y G m ;rsm;vmMuNyD ; aoonh f t cg tyg,f i &J o d k Y usa&muf M uawmh o nf / xk d taMumif; odawmfrlonfh uukoefbk&m;&Sif onf &[ef;taygif;tm; jA[®0d[m&w&m; av;yg;(arwåmçu½kPmçrk'dwmçOayu©m)ukd ESv;kH oGi;f qifjcif&ef Mo0g' ay;awmf rlco hJ nf/ uuk o ef j rwf A k ' ¨ \ tqk H ; trtwk d i f ; yGm;rsm;tm;xkwfMu&m &[ef;rsm;onf &[EÅm rsm; jzpfukefMuonf/ ol Y t BuH r atmif r S e f ; od o nh f t cg 'k ó D r m&f e wf tBuH w pf r sKd ; xk w f j yef o nf / olYtBuHum; &[ef;rsm; vmbfvmb aygrsm; vmvQif pnf;pdrf,pfrl;vmNyD; tyg,fi&Jus ap&ef y if j zpf o nf / xk d t BuH u k d vuf a wG U taumif t xnf a zmf o nh f t aeES i h f 'k ó D rm&f e wf B uD ; onf oH C mrsm;aumif ; uif ü psmef y sH j cif ; ? aumif ; uif w G i f ouF e f ; csKyf jcif ; ponf w d k Y u k d zef q if ; jy&m vl t rsm; onf &[ef;oHCmwdkYukd MunfnKdvmMuNyD; vS L 'gef ; yl a Zmf M uawmh o nf / xkdaumif;rIaMumifh vlrsm;aovGef aomtcg ewfbkHü jzpfMu&onf/ uukoef jrwf p G m bk & m;&S i f o nf rm&f e wf \ tBuH u k d od a wmf r l a omaMumif h &[ef ; wd k Y t m; ]]tok b ½I & ef ? tm[m&y#d u l v onm

yGm;(tm[m&üpufqkwfzG,ftjzpf½IyGm;jcif;) rsm;&ef } Mo0g' ay;awmf r l o nf / &[ef ; oH C mawmf w d k Y o nf jrwf A k ' ¨ t qk H ; tr twk d i f ; usih f B uH a wmf r l M uaomaMumih f tmoa0guif ; uG m &[EÅ m rsm; jzpf a wmf r l cJ h M uonf / xkdtcg olzefwD;ovkd rjzpfonhf tqkH; 'kóDrm&fewfBuD;onf a'gojyif;pGm xG u f v mNyD ; &G m om;wpf O D ; uk d 0if y l ; vsuf vuf,mawmf&H 0d"l&rax&fjrwf qGrf;cH<u vmck d u f 0 ,f ausmuf c J E S i h f y pf c wf a vawmh onf / rm&f e wf 0 if y l ; í ausmuf c J E S i h f y pf vk d u f a omaMumif h 0d " l & rax&f j rwf B uD ; \ OD ; acgif ; uG J u m aoG ; pd r f ; &S i f & S i f x G u f v m avawmh o nf / þuJ h o d k Y 'k ó D r m&f e wf wpfa,muf t*¾om0u 0d"l& rax&fjrwfBuD; tm; um,uH a jrmuf jypf r S m ;onf t xd vGefusL;vmonhftcg uukoef jrwfpGmbk&m; onf 'kóDrm&fewfrif;BuD;tm; Munfh½Iawmfrl um ]]'k ó D r m&f e wf oif u m; jyKtyf o nh f raumif;rIyrmPukd rpOf;pm;bJ twkdif;twm xuf vGefuJpGm jyKcJhavNyD}} [k rdefYawmfrl&m 'kórD m&fewfvnf; vGepf mG xdwv f efaY Mumuf&UHG í txufewfbkHokdY ajy;oGm;avawmhonf/ t*¾ o m0utavmif ; tvsm jzpf awmfro l nhf &Sirf [marm*¾vmeftavmif;awmf onfyif rjypfrmS ;tyfonhyf *k K¾ v d w f t Ykd m; jypfrmS ; rdao;onfqkdygu rdrdwwkdYomrefvlom;rsm; taejzihf ykí d owdxm;um qifjcifoihv f aS wmh ayawmhonf/ þuJhodkY qifjcifEkdifMuap&ef a&;om;wifjyvkduf&jcif;om jzpfygavawmh onf/ om0u (wynh f o m;oH C mawmf t aygif ; ) jrwfAk'¨\ wynhfom;oHCmawmf taygif;ukd ]om0u} [kac:onf/ (227)oG,f aom odu©myk'fwdkYukd vkHNcKHpGm qifjref;xm;í omoemawmftusKd;ukd o,fykd;xrf;&GufaeMu onhf omoemh0efaqmif oHCmawmfrsm;\ aus;Zl;um; BuD;rm;vSonf/ xkdoHCmawmfrsm; \ *kPfawmf(9)yg;ukd txufwGif qkdcJhNyD;jzpf onf/ þuJhodkY oHCmh*kPfawmf(9)yg;ESihf jynhfpkHawmfrlMuonhf ax&foHCmawmfrsm;ukd rjypfrSm;oihfMuay/ oHCm*kaPm teaEÅm [k a[mñTejf yxm;onfEiS t fh nD oHCmhaus;Zl;um; BuD;rm;vSaypG/ quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf usrf ; uk d ; r[mAk ' ¨ 0 if u srf ;


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/

t&d,mpcef; r*fwufvrf; q&mawmf O D ; eE´ ( rEÅ a v;)

earm wó b*0awm t&[awm or® m orÁ K '¨ ó q&mawmf B uD ; \ ,ck a zmf j yrnh f ]t&d , mpcef ; r*f w uf v rf ; } aqmif ; yg; rwd k i f r D ]aomwmyef } aqmif ; yg;uk d þ*sme,f \ twG J (22) trS w f ( 4)wG i f azmf j yNyD ; jzpf y gonf / ,ck aqmif ; yg;uk d azmf j yNyD ; ]aomwmyef } aqmif ; yg;ES i h f quf p yf í zwf ½ I & ef j zpf y gonf / 0dyóem½IpOfukd a&;awmhrnfjzpf aomtcg1/ ÓPfpOfESihf ukduf&rnf/ 2/ 0dok'¨dtpOfESihf ukduf&rnf/ 3/ y&dnmokH;yg;ESihf ukduf&rnf/ þtpOf o k H ; yg;ES i f h uk d u f n D r S o m jynhfpkHvkHavmufaom usihfpOfwpfckjzpfEkdifyg rnf/ xkaYd Mumihf þusipfh Of tpOfo;Hk yg;ESifh jynhpf Hk nD ñ T w f a tmif a&;&ygrnf / a&;aomtcg rSmvnf; 1/ ÓPfpOf(10)yg; 10)yg;wkdYü tjrifrSm;'d|d wdkYukd y,fcGmEkdifatmif emr½ly y&dapä'ÓPf? ypö,y&d*¾[ÓPf? or®oeÓPf? O',AÁ, ÓPf? b*FÓPfwdkYtxd onmtaetm;jzihf &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; em;vnfí ½Iwwfatmif ½Ienf;wdu Yk dk tpOftwkid ;f a&;ygrnf/ ½I&if; ½I&if; tjrifrmS ;'d|w d u Ykd dk y,fcmG Ekid Nf y;D aemuf O',AÁ, ÓPf r S a eí quf v uf N yD ; tm;xk w f a om a,m*Donf tjrifrSef or®m'd|dÓPfpOfwufí aygufa&mufatmifjrifEidk rf nfjzpfygaomaMumifh txufykdif;ÓPfwdkYudk ra&;awmhNyD/ 2/ 0dok'¨dtpOftm;jzihf tm;rxkwfrD a&SUtzdkYu oDvukd pOfMu,fatmifjyKí oDv 0dok'¨djzpfxm;&rnf/ ½Ipdwfukd ESmoD;zsm;rSm

xm;NyD; 0ifavxGufavwdkYukd rvGwfwrf;½Iae ojzihf eD0&Pw&m;rsm;uif;aeojzihf pdwå 0dok'¨djzpfaejcif;/ ESmoD;zsm;uapmihfí 0ifavxdod xGufavxdodwdkYukd½Ií xdwm½kyf? odwmemrf [k ½kyfESihfemrfukd cGJjcm;íjrifvmaomtcg 'd|d0dok'¨d jzpfjcif;/ y#dpöorkyÜg'fw&m;awmfü 'ku©opöm? ork',opöm? jyKvyk rf I ur®b0? tem*wf 'ku© opö m wd k Y u k d aMumif ; usKd ; quf p yf í ½I o jzih f ucF g 0d w &P0d o k ' ¨ d j zpf j cif ; / ½kyfemrfwdkY\ jzpfjcif;? ysufjcif;wdkYukd ½Ijrifojzihf r*¾gr*¾ÓP'óe0dok'¨d jzpfjcif;/ (qufvufí ½Iaomtcg txuf0dok'¨d 2 yg; wdkYonfvnf; jzpfEkdifawmh\/) 3/ emr½ly y&dapä'ÓPfESihf ypö, y&d*¾[ÓPf(2)yg;wdkYukd uGJuGJjym;jym;odaom ÓPfonf Ówy&dnmmrnf\/ ½kyfemrfwdkY\jzpfjcif;ysufjcif; wdkYukd jrif a omÓPf o nf wD & Py&d n mmrnf \ / ½kyfemrfwdkY\ tjzpfcsnfhvnf;aumif;? tysuf csnf h v nf ; aumif ; jrif a omb*F Ó Pf r S p í txufydkif;ÓPfwdkYonf y[mey&dnmmrnf\/ þtajccH 1? 2? 3 yg;wdkYESihftnD a&;ygrnf/ a&;aomtcgrSm usiphf Ofudk t"dygÜ ,f ESihfwGJí olYtykdif;ESihfol cGJí cGJía&;ygrnf/ a&;onfhtwkdif; olYtykdif;ESihfol cGJusifhvdkY pmqkd ESifh tnD awGUNy;D rSom aemufwpfyidk ;f çwpfyidk ;f ukd ajymif;íçajymif;í ½IMuyg&ef/ usih f p Of yxryk d i f ; y&d u rf j yK&ef bk&m;ç w&m;ç oHCm &wemjrwf okH;yg;ESihf ur®|mef;q&mtaygif;wdkY ...? -bk & m; wynh f a wmf t m; oem;

31

ojzif h tMunf n Kd ? tzl ; ajrmf c H ur® | mef ; csD ; jr§ i h f <ua&muf a wmf r l y gbk & m;? -wynhfawmf\ ½kyfemrfESpfyg;? cE¨m ig;yg;uk d vS L 'gef ; yg\bk & m;? -wynh f a wmf \ OD ; acgif ; xuf ü ausmif;trSwfjzihf oDwif;okH; awmfrlygbk&m;? -wynh f a wmf t m; oem;ojzih f 0dyóemur®|mef; cs;D jri§ ahf wmfryl gbk&m;/ Ak'¨H? "r® H ? oH C H yl a Zrd y gbk & m; (OD ; ok H ; Bud r f c sí ukd,fxkdifwwfovdk xkdifyg/) arwå m yk d Y tuREkfyfonf terw*¾b0oHo&m rSpí ,cktcsed t f xd rjypfrmS ;oihaf om bk&m;? w&m;? oHCm &wemjrwfokH;yg;ESihf t&d,m olawmfpiftaygif;wdkYtm; um,uH? 0pDuH? raemuHwdkYjzihf jypfrSm;rdonf&Sdaomf xkdtjypf wdkYukd aysmufygapjcif;tusKd;iSm 0efcsuefawmh awmif;yefyg\/ ausawmfrMl uyg/ uREyfk t f ay: ü jypfrSm;usL;vGefaomyk*¾Kdvftaygif;wdkYtm; tjypfr,l cGihfjyKyg\/ ihgtm; ab;&efcyford ;f uif;vGwNf ird ;f í aumif;pGmtm;xkwfEkdifygapownf;/ ig\ trd t z? tzk d ; tzG m ;? q&morm;wd k Y r S p í cyfodrf;ukefaom ewfjA[®m taygif;wdkYtm; vnf;aumif;? cyford ;f ukeaf om owå0gtaygif; wdt Yk m;vnf;aumif;? ab;&ef cyford ;f uif;vGwf Nidrf;í csrf;omMuygapukefownf;/ ightm; aojcif;w&m;onf NrJawmh \/ igonf rkcsraoG ao&vdrfhOD;rnf/ xkdY aMumihf aojcif; paom 0#fqif;&Jtaygif;wdkYrS vGwaf jrmufatmif 0dyóemur®|mef; tm;xkwf ayawmhtHh/ qk a wmif ; ES i f h trQa0 w&m;xkdifNyD;oGm;vQif trQa0&ef ig\aumif;rIwdkYonf tmoa0gw&m;av;yg; wd\ Yk uke&f mjzpfaom edAmÁ efudk vG,u f pl mG awGU&Sd rsufarSmufjyK&ygapownf;/ þaumif;rIwdkY\tzkdYukd rdcif zcif aus;Zl;&SifwdkYtm;vnf;aumif;? q&mocif aus;Zl;&Siw f t Ykd m;vnf;aumif;? uk, d af pmihef wf? ausmif;apmihfewf? omoemawmfapmihfewf? ewfaumif;ewfjrwf? ewfjA[®mtaygif;wdrYk S pí bkHokH;q,hfwpfü &Sd&SdorQaom okcdw? 'ku©dw a0ae,sowå0gtaygif;wdt Yk m; trQ? trQ? trQ ay;a0yg\/ trQ&í csrf;omMuonfjzpfMu ygapaomf.. 'óaeey[mwAÁ m "r® m bm0em,y[mwAÁ m "r® m 1/ 'óaeey[mwAÁm-aomwmywåd


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

32

"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/

r*fonf y,ftyfaom? "r®m-oabmw&m;wdkY onf? oEÅd-&Sdukef\/ 2/ bm0em,y[mwAÁ- txufr*f ok;H yg;wdo Yk nf y,ftyfaom? "r®m-oabmw&m; wdkYonf? oEÅd- &Sdukef\[lí "r®o*FPDusrf;ü jrwfpGmbk&m;onf a[mMum;awmfrlcJhay\/ 'ghaMumifh 'óaeey[mwAÁ aomwm ywådr*f\½IuGufukd a&S;OD;pGma&;í bm0em ,y[mwAÁ txufr*fo;Hk yg;wd\ Yk ½Iuu G w f u Ykd dk aemufrSa&;ygrnf/ a&;aomtcg olYtykd'fESifhol eHygwf pOfwyfía&;ygrnf/ eHygwfwpfckjcif;\ tqkd twkid ;f ½Iyg ÓPfwiG w f u,fxifvmrSomaemuf eHygwfpOf wpfckwpfck ajymif;íajymif;í ½Iyg/ aomwmywå d r *f ½I u G u f r sm; 1/ 0ifavçxGufavç xd? od ½kyfemrf½I&ef ESmoD;zsm;u apmihfí avukd jyif; jyif;xefxef wpfcsuf½IMunhfvkdufyg/ ESmacgif; wGif; wpfae&m&mü avtxd xif&Sm;wJhae&m ukd awGU&vdrfhrnf/ tJ'Dtxd xif&Sm;wJhae&m u apmihfí av½IvkdufonfESihf 0ifavonf tcke xif&Sm;aomae&mukd xdvdrfhrnf/ tJ'D xdaomae&mrSm at;ueJodaomtod uav; uvnf;ay:vmvdrfhrnf/ (tJ'DtxdeJYtodukd 0if a v xd o d [ k ½I r S w f v d k u f y g/) wpf c g xGuv f mwJah vuvnf; tJ't D xd xif&mS ;aom ae&mudkyJ xdvdrfhrnf/ xdwJhae&mrSmyJ aEG;ueJ odaomtoduav;vnf; ay:vmvdrfhrnf/ (tJ'gukd xGufav xd? od [k ½IrSwfvdkufyg) þuJhodkY ½IrSwfí ESmoD; zsm;ü 0ifav xdç od? xGufav xdç od wkdYu xif&Sm;ívmaomtcg (xd w mu ½k y f ? od w mu emrf [ k ) ½k y f E S i h f emrfukd cGJcGJMunhf ay;yg/ (½kyfemrfcGJyg) vrf ; avQmuf & if ; ½I & ef r S m ... ajcz0g;ESihf ajrESihfxdvkdufonfESihf ajcz0g;xJ rS m xd ç od uav; ay:ay:vmonf u k d jrifatmif Munhfí xdwm½kyf? odwmemrf[k ½kyfESihfemrfukd cGJçcGJay;yg/ xdç od ½kyfemrft"dyÜg,f 1/ ouúm,'d|dqkdonf xkdt&Sdw&m; jzpfaom y&rw¦ ½kyfemrfcE¨mBuD;ukd ihgukd,f? ihg[m? ig[k pGJNidíaeaom tjrifrSm;jzpfonf/ 2/ twå'|d q d w dk m þcE¨muk, d w f iG ;f ü &Sdaom ½kyfemrfukd ½kyfemrf[k trSeftwdkif;rod? jrifbJ toufaumif? 0dnmOfaumif? twå aumif? vdyfjymaumif&Sdonf[k rSm;íjrifaom tjrifrSm;jzpfonf/ 'ghaMumihf ESmoD;zsm;ü xdody&rw¦ ½kyfemrfwpfpkH t&Sdw&m;udkvnf; awGUvdkuf

ua&m þy&rw¦½kyfemrf cE¨mukd ihgukd,f? ihg[m? ig [k pGJNidítjrifrSm;aeaom ouúm, 'd | d E S i f h þcE¨ m uk d , f w G i f ; ü touf a umif ? 0dnmOfaumif? twåaumif? vdyfjymaumif&Sd onf[laom twå'd|d tjrifrSm;wdkYukdvnf; y,fcGmNyD;om; jzpfoGm;awmh\/ aemufwpfcku rdrdrawGU rjrifzl; aom vlwpfa,mufukd vSrf;íjrifaomtcg ½kyfukd,fBuD;ukdom jrif&\/ emrnfudkum; rjrif&/ ½kyfu t&Sdw&m; y&rwf? emrnfu r&S d w &m; ynwf / (xk d Y a Mumih f t&S d w &m; y&rwf u k d 0d y óem½I & rnf / r&S d w &m; ynwf u k d 0d y óemr½I & /) ½k y f e mrf u y&rw¦opöm? emrnf u orkwdopöm (þuJhodkY ½IrSwfí xdç od ½kyf emrfukd uGJuGJjym;jym; awG U NyD ; rS eH y gwf ( 2) ½k y f e mrf jzpf y suf u k d ul ; í½I y g/) 2/ ½k y f e mrf j zpf y suf ½ I & ef a&;&rnhf ÓPfpOftvkduawmh emr ½ly y&dapä'ÓPf? ypö,y&d*[ ¾ ÓPf? O',AÁ, ÓPf[k tpOftwkdif;a&;&rnfjzpfonf/ odkY aomfvnf; tm;xkwfaomtpOfrSm xdod ½kyf emrfukd awGUNyD;oGm;vQif xkd½kyfemrfukdyJ qufí jzpf y suf ½ I & onf u yk d í tqif a jyygonf / xkaYd Mumifh ½kyef mrfjzpfysuu f ydk J qufí a&;ygrnf/ ESmoD;zsm;ü avtxdxif&Sm;aom ae&mu apmihfí av½SLvkdufonfESihf ESmoD; zsm;rSm (xdoday:vmjcif;onf tjzpf? t½SL&yf vkdufvkdY ESmoD;zsm;rSm xdodaysmufoGm;jcif; onf tysuf[k ½IrSwfvkdufyg/ xdod ½kyfemrf ay:vmjcif;onf tjzpf? xdod ½kyfemrf aysmuf oGm;jcif;onftysuf/ (½kyfemrfjzpfysuf) vrf;avQmuf½I&efrSm ajccsvkduf vdkY ajcz0g;eJY ajrxdaomtcg ajcz0g;xJrSm xdod ay:vmjcif;onftjzpf? ajc<uvkdufvkdY ajcz0g; xJrmS xdoad ysmufomG ;wmonftysuf [k ½Iyg/ ½k y f e mrf j zpf y suf t "d y Ü g ,f a&;&rnhfÓPfpOftvkduawmh emr ½ly y&dapä'ÓPf? ypö,y&d*[ ¾ ÓPf? O',AÁ, ÓPf [k tpOftwkdif;a&;&rnfjzpfonf/ odkY aomf v nf ; tm;xk w f a omtpOf r S m xd o d ½kyfemrfukd awGUNyD;oGm;vQif xkd½kyfemrfudkyJ qufí jzpfysuf½I&jcif;u ykdítqifajyyg onf/ xkdaMumihf ½kyfemrfjzpfysufukdyJ qufí a&;ygonf/ y&rw¦ o pö m -ork w d o pö m -t&d , opö m 1/ y&rw¦opömum; pdw?f apwodu?f ½kyf? edAÁmefwdkYjzpfygonf/ pdwf(89)? apwoduf (52)? ½kyf(28)? edAÁmef(1) jzpfygonf/ pdwfum;

tm½kHukdodjcif;? &,ljcif; vu©Pm&Sdonf/ apwoduf(52)yg;um; ukd,fhvu©PmESihfukd,f toD;oD;&SdMuí pdwfESihfwGJ,SOfíjzpfonf/ pdwf ESihf apwodufESpfyg;taygif;ukd emrf[kac: onf / pd w f u a&ES i h f w l o nf / apwod u f wd k Y u jzLeD a Mumif M um; aq;rI e f Y w d k Y E S i h f wlonf/ a&ESihf aq;rIefYwdkY aygif;ía&;rS yef ; csD ½ k y f j zpf v movd k pd w f E S i h f apwod u f wdkY aygif;í,lrS tm½kHonf xif&Sm;ívm awmh \ / pd w f u vnf ; ol Y c snf ; uawmh rjzpfEkdif? apwodufwdkYuvnf; olwdkYcsnf; uawmh rjzpf E k d i f / pd w f E S i h f apwod u f w d k Y aygif ; rd r S o m emrf [ k jzpf E k d i f \ / ½kyu f tm½ku H rdk od? r,lrí I azmufjyef ysufpD;jcif; vu©Pm&Sd\/ ½kyf(28)yg;um ajr? a&? av? rD; "gwfBuD;av;yg;ESihf xkd"gwfBuD; av;yg;ukd rSDíjzpfaom Oyg'g½kyf(24)yg;wdkY jzpfonf/ (½IaomtcgrSm cE¨mukd,fwGif; u t"d u jzpf a om ajr? a&? av? rD ; [l a om ylat;? ,m;em? awmifhwif;? av;uefwdkYukd ½I & rnf j zpf o nf / ) edAÁmefum; jzpfjcif;? ysufjcif;r&Sd? tNidrf;"gwfjzpfonf/ 2/ avmuorkwdopömum; xkdt&Sd jzpf a om y&rw¦ ½ k y f e mrf w &m;wd k Y t ay:ü emrnf rnf h í ynwf w if j cif ; wk d Y j zpf o nf / 'Davmuorkwyd nwfuvnf; r&Sí d rjzpfaom þw&m;jzpf o nf / xd k Y a Mumih f uav; wpfa,muf arG;zGm;vmí toduav; <u,f vmonfESifh tazac:vkduf? tarac:vkduf[k oif a y;&\/ tod u av; 'D x uf ' D x uf tm;aumif;í vmaomtcg 'gu eihfzdeyf? eih f t usÐ ? eih f v k H u G i f ; ? eih f x D ; ? 'gu vS w ,f a c:w,f ? aumif ; w,f ac:w,f ? ckdifw,fac:w,f? NrJw,fac:w,f? rysufpD; Ekdifbl; ponfjzihf oifay;&\/ þavmu a0g[m&rsm;ES i h f taersm;vmaom tcg rdr\ d cE¨muk, d f ½kyef mrfBu;D udyk if ihguk, d ?f ihg[m? ig? ihgypönf;? ighom;? ihgr,m;? ckdifw,f? NrJw,f? rysuf p D ; Ek d i f b l ; [k tpG J B uD ; ívmawmh \ / rcG J c sif r cG m csif j zpf í vmawmh \ / rcG J & ? rcGm&atmif[k trsKd;rsKd; BuHqívmawmh\/ raoEkid w f ahJ q; &Smvmawmh\/ þodt Yk jrifrmS ; 'd|dawG tpGJvGefNyD; avmb? a'go? arm[wdkY zdpD;umjzihf tkd? em? ao? 0#fMur®mwGif;u rvGwfuif;&bJ jzpf&awmhvwåHU/ pmrsuf E S m 34 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/

rSefxJMunhfvkdufyg wuú o d k v f a &T q ih f nae 5 em&DtcsdefrSm tv,fwef; ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;udk w&m;rxdkifrD ]]rSefMunhfaomtcg0,f}} qdkaomacgif;pOfwyf NyD; w&m;pum;ajymjzpfcJhygw,f/ wynhfawG rdepf (20) Mum w&m;½IrSwfNyD; n 7 em&DrSm vl B uD ; awG t vS n h f a &muf r S m jzpf y gw,f / vl B uD ; awG x J r S m q&mrawG e J Y wuú o k d v f ausmif;ol rsm;ygvmygw,f/ 1371 ckESpfrS pvdkYrqihfwdkY tdrfay:rSm npOf y#dpöorkyÜg'f oifwef;w&m;ESihf tvkyfay;w&m;pcef;zGifh xm;ygw,f / 1372 ck E S p f oD w if ; uRwf ausmif;ydwf&ufrsm;rSm w&m;xdkifolawGu ydkrsm;vmygw,f/ ydkrsm;vmaom y&dowf twGuf nrSm b,fvkdacgif;pOfeJY w&m;pum; ajym&rvJqdkwmudk uav;awG w&m;xdkifNyD; csdefrSm rqihf pOf;pm;aerdygw,f/ rqih[ f m y#dpo ö rkygÜ 'fw&m;oifwef; ESifh w&m;ywfwpfywfudkESpfnjzpfap? oHk;n jzpfap acgif;pOfwyfNyD; vlBuD;rsm;ESihf vkdufzuf NyD; oihfawmfaom Zmwfawmfwpfckudk ajymjzpf ygw,f/ ajymNyD;aom acgif;pOfrsm;udkvnf; tcsdef&vQif bmoma&;pmapmifawGrSm a&;ydkY jzpf c J h y gw,f / ]]rS e f M unh f a omtcg0,f } } acgif;pOf u "r®0D&*sme,fokdY ydkYjzpfcJhygw,f/ 27-10-2010 nrS m q&mrawG ausmif ; ol a wG y gvmwmaMumih f 0d y óem tm;xkwaf om tavhtusi[ fh m ewfjynfxyd g oGm;aom tpä&mokwyf g tm;uszG,faumif;wJh taMumif;udkajymjzpfcJhygw,f/ ausmif;olawG f MJ unhv f u dk f rSwfrdvG,fatmif acgif;pOfudk ]]rSex yg}} vdkY wyfvdkufygw,f/ 0d y óemw&m;tm;xk w f a om &[ef; taMumif;jzpfygw,f/ &[ef;wpfyg;[m awmxJrSmwpfyg;wnf; w&m;tm;xkwfaeyg w,f/ w&m;tm;xkwfae&if;u avjzwfNyD; zsufceJ ysHvGefawmfrloGm;ygw,f/ yg&rDr&ihf ao;aomtcsdefqdkawmh w&m;xl; &roGm;yg bl ; / 'gayr,f h wm0wd H o mewf j ynf r S m ewfom; oGm;jzpfygw,f/ &[ef;i,fu w&m;tm;xkwfae&if; ysHvGefawmfrloGm;wmaMumifh olYudk,fol ysHvGef awmfro l mG ;rSe;f vnf; rodygbl;/ ewfjynfa&muf rSef;vnf; rod&Smbl;/ ewforD;awGu olwdkY

arQmfvihfawmihfwaeaom ewfom;a&mufvm csdefrSm 0rf;omaysmf&TifaeMuwmaygY/ 0rf;om aysmf & T i f r I a wG E S i f h t wl ewf o m; od a tmif toHawG ay;aewmaygY/ oDcsif;qdkwJhewforD; u oDcsif;qdkrSmaygY/ ewforD;awGu b,f avmuftoHjyKaeae ewfom;u rodygbl;/ ewfom;[m ewforD;awG toHjyK aewmudk olausmif;udkvmaeus 'um 'um rawG toHawGvdkyJ xifaewm/ olausmif;rSm aqmhupm;aeus ausmif;om;awG toHvYkd xif aerSmaygY/ ckvdk xifjrifrIaMumihf pu©Ka`E´csNyD; w&m;udkyJ quf½Iaew,f/ ewforD;awGu b,favmufyJ toH awGay;ay; vH;k 0rvIy&f mS ;bl;/ tvGerf S Nird o f uf aeygw,f/ ewfom;&JU NidrfoufrIudk ewforD; awG pdwfr&SnfEkdifawmhbl;aygY/ ewforD;awGu udk,fvHk;ay: rSefBuD;,lvmw,f? rSefBuD;udk ewfom;a&SUrSmcsNyD; ]]armifarmif 'DrSm wpfcsuf avmufiMhJ unhyf gOD;}} vdaYk jymMuw,f/ &[ef;[m rSex f MJ unhv f u kd rf S ud, k u hf , kd u f kd ewfom; wpfyg; jzpfaerSef; odoGm;ygw,f/ ewfom;[m rSefxJMunhfvkfdufcsdefrSm vHk;0aysmf&Tifwmr[kwfygbl;/ raysmf&Tifjcif;u olvdkcsifaom yef;wdkifeJY vGJcJhvdkYyg/ ewfom; vd k c sif w mu 'k u © c yf o d r f ; csKyf N id r f ; aom jrwfedAÁmefudk vdkcsifwmyg/ edAÁmefeJYvGJNyD;aemuf csrf;om&vdkufwJhtwGuf pdwfxJrSm rcsrf;rom jzpfoGm;ygw,f/ ewfom;[m olYewfAdrmefudk vnf; pdwfr0ifpm;cJhygbl;/ ewfom; pdwf0ifpm; aewmu jrwfedAÁmefjzpfygw,f/ edAÁmefa&muf csifwm? edAÁmefpdwf0ifpm;wmu vlYjynfrSm

33

tm;xk w f o G m ;aom 0d y óemw&m;aMumih f jzpf y gw,f / ewf o m;[m pd w f r 0if p m;wm aMumihf ewfAdrmefudkvnf; r0ifawmhygbl;/ ol p d w f 0 if p m;aewmud k od v d k a omaMumih f bk&m;&Sd&m vlYjynfudk tjrefqif;vmcJhygw,f/ ewfom;udk arQmaf e&Smaom ewforD; awGuvnf; ewfjynfrSm raecJhygbl;/ olwdkY armifawmfewfom;ESihftwl vdkufygvmcJhyg w,f/ ewfom;vlYjynfudk qif;aomtcsdefu noef ; acgif , H t csd e f j zpf y gw,f / ae&mu om0wd ¬ N rd K U aZw0ef a usmif ; jzpf y gw,f / ewfom;u olYtvGef odvdktaMumif;t&mudk avQmufygw,f/ ]]jrwf p G m bk & m; ewf j ynf r S m ewf orD;awG&UJ oDcsi;f qdo k H wD;rIwo f aH wGu qlnH aeyg w,fb&k m;/ tJ'eD wforD;awG&UJ qlnrH I awGeJY a0;atmif b,fvdkvkyf&ygrvJbk&m;}} ewfom;&JU tar;pum;udk ewforD; awGu vHk;0rBudKufavmufbl;aygY/ olwdkYrSmu ewfom;ra&mufvmvdkY arQmfae&wm armaeNyD av/ ewfom;a&mufvmcsdefrSmvnf; ewfom; &JU tar;pum;awGaMumihf olwdkYtwGuf ydkNyD; armoGm;&rSmyg/ ewforD;awG armaevnf; ewfom;u pdwfr0ifpm;ygbl;/ ewfom;pdwf0if pm;aewmu qlnHoHawG uif;aom t&yfrSm pdwf0ifpm;aewmyg/ jrwfpGmbk&m;u ewfom;&JU tar; pum;udk jyefajzygw,f/ ]]ewf o m; ed A Á m ef u awmh ql n H r I awG u if ; wJ h t&yf y J owd u d k OD ; aqmif N yD ; 0dyóemw&m;udk tm;xkwfyg/ 'gqdk qlnH rIawG uif;wJh edAÁmefqdkwJh t&yfudk a&muf ygvd r f h r ,f } } jrwfpGmbk&m;&JU tajzpum;Mum;& csd e f r S m ewf o m;eJ Y ewf o rD ; wpf a xmif [ m edAmÁ efa&mufzt Ykd wGuf 0dyóemw&m;rS wpfyg; tjcm;r&Sdbl;qdkwm tm;vHk;odoGm;ygw,f/ rqihaf jymwJh 'D0w¬Kom"uudk a,m*D wdkYtm;vHk; oabmusavmufygw,f/ tavh txaumif;wpfcu k ewfjynfxd tavhtusifh aumif;tjzpfygoGm;wwfygw,f/ ewfom;[m ewforD; wpfaxmifeJYvnf; raysmfEkdifygbl;/ tavh tusihfaumif;wpfck&JU pGrf;&nfowdå aMumihf qlnHrIawG uif;aom edAÁmefudkyJ &csif a&mufcsifaewmyg/ a,m*D w d k Y t aejzih f ck a jymcJ h a om 0w¬Kukd om"u,lNy;D 0dyóemw&m; tm;xkwf csdefrSm tm;aysmhaysmhcg;EGJUEGJUBuD;eJY vkyfraeygeJY rdrdwdkY twGufvkyf&wmbJ pdwftm;xufxuf


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

34

"r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

oefoefeJY tm;xkwf&rSmjzpfygw,f/ ,cktcsdef u w&m;tm;xkwf&r,fhtcsdefjzpfygw,f/ rdrd &JU pdwfudkESmoD;zsm;rSmxm;NyD; xGufavod? 0ifavodudk rSefrSefav;vkyfay;yg/ 0ifav? xG u f a vud k ½I r S w f & wJ h ur® | mef ; ud k tmemygeur®|mef;vdkY ac:ygw,f/ 0ifav ud k tme? xG u f a vud k tygevd k Y a c:wmrd k Y 0ifavxGufavudk ½IrSwf&wJh ur®|mef;udk tmemyge ur® | mef ; vd k Y a c:ygw,f / 0if a vxG u f a v[m a,m*D w d k Y u owdjyKonfjzpfap owdrjyKonfjzpfap tNrJ xif&Sm;&Sdaeygw,f/ tcsdefwdkif;rSm xif&Sm;&Sd aewJhtwGuf ½IrSwf&wm a,m*Drsm;twGuf vG,fulygw,f/ tqufrjywfw&pyf ½IrSwfEdkif wmaMumifh tmemygeur®|mef;udk yifwdkif xm;&ifvnf; tqifajyygw,f/ tmemyge ur® | mef ; ud k em;rvnf o l a wG u orxvd k Y xif r S w f w wf y gw,f / a,m*D w d k Y taejzih f bwfp&kH aom ur®|mef;Bu;D jzpfaMumif; odxm;zdYk ta&;BuD ; ygw,f / orxvd k ½ I & if orx jzpf y gw,f / a,m*D w d k Y t aejzih f 0d y óem vd k ½ I & if 0d y óemjzpf y gw,f / 0if a v xG u f a v avaMumif ; aemuf v d k u f ½ I a e&if a,m*D t aejzih f orxjzpf y gw,f / avaemufudk rvdkufbJ 0ifavod? xGufav od? 0ifavuvnf; ½kyfw&m;? xGufavu vnf ; ½k y f w &m;? od w mu emrf w &m;? yd k i f ; jcm;od w mu ÓPf w &m;? ½k y f ? emrf & J U ted p ö ? 'k u © ? tewå vu© P ma&;oH k ; yg; odatmif½IrSwfae&if 0dyóemjzpfygw,f/ a,m*D r sm;ud k 0if a vxG u f a v ur®|mef;&JU tvGefrSjrihfjrwfNyD; wefzdk;rjzwfEkdif atmif BuD;rm;aMumif; odatmifajymjcif;jzpfyg w,f/ tmemygemEkówdokwåefrSm jrwfpGm bk&m;&Sifu ]tmemygeudk ½IyGm;&if um,m Ek y óem owd y |mef ? a0'emEk y óem owdy|mef? pdwåm Ekyóemowdy|mef? "r®m Ekyóem owdy|mef av;yg;vH;k udk ½IymG ;Ny;D om; jzpfygw,f/ owdy|mefav;yg; ½IymG ;&if aAmZÑif ckepfyg;udkvnf; yGm;rsm;NyD;om; jzpfygw,f/ a,m*DwdkYtaejzihf qufNyD;xGufav 0ifavwdkY&JU xGufqJcP? 0ifqJ cPwdkif;rSm ESmoD;zsm;qdkwJh wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hkay:rSm owduyfvYkd ½Irw S af y;aeyg/ xGuaf vod 0ifav odvkyfae&mu a,m*DwdkYpdwfu om;udpöqD a&mufomG ;? orD;udpq ö aD &mufomG ;vdu k ?f pD;yGm; a&;udpöqDrSmvnf; a&mufoGm;wwfygw,f/ tm½H k a jcmuf y g; wpf y g;yg;qD j yef Y o G m ;r,f ? vG i h f o G m ;r,f ? ajy;oG m ;r,f q d k & if or® m

0g,r r*¾ i f e J Y xd e f ; NyD ; or® m owd q k d w J h w&m;eJ Y ES m oD ; zsm;u apmih f M unh f a ygY / a,m*Drsm;[m wpfaeYvHk; bHkqkdiftvkyfawGeJY tcsed u f ek cf yhJ gw,f/ ,ckvkd ncsr;f tcsed t f cgrSm a,m*DwdkYtwGuf udk,fydkif tvkyfvkyfaewJh tcsd e f r S m owd u yf a y;aeyg/ or® m 0g,r? or® m owd r *¾ i f E S p f y g; taMumif ; aumif ; vmaomtcgrSm tusKd;aumif;vmygw,f/ taMumif;nhH&if tusKd;nHhwwfyg w,f / taMumif ; aumif ; vmaomtcgrS m xGuaf vod 0ifavodvyk af y;vdYk ESmoD;zsm;qdw k hJ wpfckwnf;aom tm½Hkay:rSm wnfwHhaeyg w,f/ wnfNidrfaeygw,f/ wnfNidrfae&if orm"d r*¾ief YJ jynfph o kH mG ;ygw,f/ orm"dw&m;eJY jynfhpHkaeNyDqdk&if ynmr*¾ifeJY a,m*DwdkYu rdrd cE¨mud, k u f kd ÓPfjzihf pl;pdu k Mf unhaf e&rSmjzpfyg

w,f/ or®m0g,r OD;aqmifrjI zihf a,m*Dw[ Ykd m w&m;tm;xkwfaecsdefrSm r*¾if&Spfyg;eJY jynhfpHk aeygw,f/ ewfom;jzpfomG ;wJh &[ef;\ xH;k udk ESvHk;rlNyD; a,m*DwdkY\ ESvHk;om;rSm 0dyóem w&m;tm;xkwfonfh tavhtusihfaumif;rsm; pGJNrJaeatmif qufvuftm;xkwfoGm;&rSmjzpf ygw,f / quf v uf t m;xk w f a e&if tavh tusiafh umif;&rSmyg/ a,m*Drsm;ao&ifawmif tavhtusiafh umif;ygoGm;wJt h wGuf ewfjynf a&mufEkdifygw,f/ ewfjynfa&muf&if ewforD; awG udk,fvHk;ay: rSefBuD;a&SUrSmcsNyD; ]rSefxJ Munhfvdkufyg} vdkY ewforD;awGu ajymaerSm aocsmygw,f/ (o*gxm0*foH,kwfygVdawmfESihf t|uxm? tpä&mokwf) wuú o d k v f a &T q ih f

pmrsuf E S m 32 rS 3/ t&d,opöm xdod ½kyfemrfwdkYukd ESmoD;zsm;u apmihfí½IrSwfaeaomtcg xdod ½kyef mrfjzpfysuw f u Ykd dk trSet f wkid ;f awGUaeojzihf þcE¨mukd,fwGif;u twåaumifonf rysufpD; bJ cE¨mtdrftopf topfodkY ajymif;íaeay onf[laom oów'd|dtjrifrSm; (wpfenf; þcE¨ m uk d , f w G i f ; u ½k y f e mrf w d k Y o nf jzpfysufrygbJ wpfvkH;wpfcJwnf; wpfb0 rS wpf b 0od k Y ck e f í ul ; ouJ h o d k Y jrif a om oów'd|d tjrifrSm;ESihf) þcE¨mukd,fwGif; u ½kyfemrfwdkYonf jzpfNyD;ysuf\/ ysufNyD; wpf z ef j yef í jzpf a ejyef o jzif h wpf e nf ; aoNyD;wJhaemuf wpfzef bmrSrjzpf awmhbl; [laom Oapä''d|d tjrifrSm;wdkYukdvnf; y,fcGm NyD;om;jzpfoGm;í oów'd|d Oapä''d|d wdkYrSm vGwfawmh\/ xkdaMumihf ½kyfemrfwdkY\ jzpfjcif; ysufjcif;wdkYukd jrifatmif½IrSwf&jcif;jzpfonf/ rSwfcsuf/ / ½kyfemrfjzpfysufwkdY onf qkH;onfwkdifatmif jzpfysuf jzpfysuf [laom tpOftwef;jzihf ul;qufMuavukef awmh\/ y#d p ö o rk y Ü g 'f y k d i f ; ½I r S w f & ef y#dpö orkyÜg'fw&m;[lonf avmu twGif;ü &SdMuukefaom ½kyfw&m; emrfw&m; wdkY\ (txl;ojzihf) rdrdü jzpf&SdíaeMuukef aom ½kyfw&m;? emrfw&m;wdkY\ aMumi;fusKd; qufpyfí jzpfaeMuykHwdkYukd jrifatmif ½IMunhf &rnfjzpfonf/ xkdYaMumifh 'ku©opöm? ork', opöm? jyKvkyfrI ur®b0? tem*wf 'ku©opömwdkY \ qufpyfíjzpfaeMuykw H u Ydk dk jrifatmif½MI unhf &rnfjzpfawmh\/

'k u © o pö m rdrd\½kyfemrfcE¨mukd,fBuD;tm; Munhf vkdufyg/ ½SLu,f ½SLu,fESihf ½SLvkduf½Idufvkduf jzihf vkyfae&onfwkdYukd awGU&vdrfhrnf/ bm aMumihf vkyfae&ovJ/ t"dyÜg,fray:vQif ½SL½IdufvkdufrIwdkYukd &yfxm;vkdufyg/ awmfawmf av; MumoGm;vQif xlylNyD; qif;&Jvmwmukd awG U &vd r f h r nf / aemuf tcsd e f r D r ½S L &vQif aooGm;vdrfhrnf/ ('Dawmh qif;&JNyD; ao&rSm aMumuf v d k Y ½S L ½I d u f r I w d k Y j zih f jyKjyif a y;ae &wmygvm;vd k Y od x m;vk d u f y g/) 'DcE¨muk, d f ½kyef mrfBu;D u avuav; eJYjyKjyifay;aerQ½kHeJY vkHavmufNyDvm;qkdawmh rvkHavmufao;yg/ pm;0wfaea&;wdkYjzihfvnf; jyKjyifí ay;ae&ao;\/ pm;0wfaea&;wkdYjzihf jyKjyifray;vQif aorSmyJ/ þokdYjyKjyifíay;ae onfh Mum;uyifzsm;jyefNyD? emjyefNyD vmjyefvkdY aq;0g;eJjY yif&jyefao;\/ 'Dvb dk ufpjHk yifay;ae awmh tNrJwrf;rsm; aumif;oGm;a&mvm;qkd awmh tcsdefwefawmh ao&jyefwmygyJ/ 'Dvkd raumif ; vd k Y buf p k H j yKjyif a y;ae&wm BuD ; uk d jyef í jrif a e&atmif tBud r f B ud r f jyef a wG ; ay;yg/ jyef a wG ; vd k Y raumif ; vk d Y jyKjyifay;ae&wm [kwfayw,f[k ÓPfrSm awG U vmaomtcg usrS o m ig&xm;aom þ½k y f e mrf t pk B uD ; onf 'k u © o pö m [k tBud r f B ud r f ½ I y g/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf / ) usrf ; ñT e f ; y#d p ö o rk y Ü g 'f a 'oem tbd " r® w ¦ o *F [


DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS "r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

35

q&mtwk aq;ukovkdygyJ cifoZl mjrihf jzL;NrdKU? 'ud©Pm½HkpmoifwdkufwGif pmcsq&mawmfOD;y@dwonf jrefrmorm; awmfrsm; aq;0g;ukoenf;ESifh wdik ;f &if;aq;udk avhvmoif,lNyD; tenf;i,fwwfuRrf;onf wpfcsKdUaq;rsm;udk udk,fwdkifazmfpyfNyD; ausmif; wdkuftwGif; rusef;rrmjzpfaeaom ausmif; om; udk&if OD;yÍÆif;rsm;udk rdrd\ aq;0g;jzihfyif ukoay;avh&Sdonf/ pmcsq&mawmfu rdrduko&mwGif rdr\ d wynhf ud&k if£E´uudk aq;ay; aq;wdu k f jyKvyk cf ikd ;f í ud&k if£E´u uvnf; b,fa&m*g jzpfvQif b,faq;wdkufauR;onfudk tenf; i,fwwfuRr;f em;vnfxm;onf/ wpfaeY pmcsq&mawmf &efukefodkY udpöwpfckjzihfoGm;pOf ausmif;ü ausmif;om; armifcifatmifonf &ifjynhfNyD; tefaom a0'emjzpfonf/ xdkonfudk udk&if£E´uç u tefonfrSm tpm;rSm;NyD; &ifxJrSm tpmawG jynh f a eítef j cif ; jzpf o nf / Ad k u f x J u tpmawG udk xkwfay;vdkufvQif txufudk tefxGufaom tpmrsm; atmufodkYygoGm;rnf [k pOf ; pm;rd N yD ; ausmif ; om;ud k uecd k E S i h f ayG ; ud k i f ; a&mpyf N yD ; 0rf ; avQmaq;ud k wd k u f a uR;vk d u f o nf / xd k a q; rwef w q wd k u f r I a Mumih f ausmif ; om;rS m 0rf ; rsm; wtm;avQm&m arsmharsmhom usefíta&; ay: q&myifhNyD; ukorI cH,l&awmhonf/ xdkudpöESihfywfoufí q&mawmfu bk&m;0wfwuftNyD; Mo0g'ay;&mwGif rdrd ruRrf ; usif e m;rvnf a om twwf y nm? ol w pf x l ; ud k 'k u © a &muf a pwwf a om twwfynm? aoapwwfaom twwfynm rsm;udk twkjriftwwfoifNy;D vufwnfrh prf;zdYk tus,w f 0ihf qdq k ;kH ronf/ ,ckpmcsq&mawmf wynh f ud k & if £E´ u çu ausmif ; om; armifcifatmifudk vufwnfh prf;vdkufwm uHaumif;vdkY 0rf;avQmvGefNyD; raojcif; jzpf& onf/ vlemukdppfaq; Munhfawmh 0rf;avQm aq;ay;rS oihfrnfxifí 0rf;avQmaq;wkduf jcif;jzpfonf/ odkY&mwGif uecdkESihfayG;udkif;aq; twdkif;tqvGef oGm;í þodkYjzpf&ygonf

bk&m;[k avQmufouGJU? olaq;ukrIuawmh tif y if o mu aq;q&m wwf a ,mif u m; q&mtwk armifpdef[ef aq;ukovdkrsKd;ukd;uGJU} [k rdefYMum;awmfrlonf/ ]]ud k p d e f [ ef q&mtwk aq;uk y H k taMumif; tus,frdefYMum;ygOD;bk&m;}} oHCm awmfwpfyg;u avQmufonf/ at;- tif y if o m&G m rS m jref r m aq;0g; rawmufwacgufwwfwhJ yÍÆi;f vlxu G f armifpdef[efqdkol&SdouGJU? aus;vufawm&Gm qdkwm aq;q&m yHkrSefr&Sd? ,ckacwfvkd q&m 0ef? usef;rma&;rSL;ponfuvJ r&Sdawmh 'Dvdk rawmufwacgufwwfxm;wJh armifped [ f efuyJ q&mvkyNf y;D &Gmol&mG om;rsm; Adu k ef m? acgif;udu k ?f zsm;wmavmufawmh ukoaewm aygYuG,f/ wpfaeY &Gmxdyfu rcifOD; aoG;av abvHk;jzpfwmudk q&marmifpdef[efu &Gmol

tyif;oGif;wm qdkNyD; tvHk;usatmif 0rf;Ekwf aq;wdkuf&r,fqdkum ikoD;ESihfayG;udkif;a&mNyD; wdu k v f u kd w f m rcifO;D 0rf;awG 'va[m avsmNy;D arsmh a rsmh y J u sef a wmh o wJ h / q&mwk armifpdef[ef u AdkufxJu tyif;vHk;ausus oGm;vdkY þrQ0rf; awG avQmwmygvdkYqdkowJh/ vlemcrsmawmh 0rf;awGoGm;vdkufwm rsufjzL qkdufrwwfjzpfvdkY ausmufwdkif&Gmu q&mjrudk tm;csif ; yih f N yD ; uk o &owJ h u G , f / ,ckvb J q J &mwk armif£E´u aq;ukvu kd w f m ausmif;om; armifcifatmif 0rf;avsmvku d w f m arsmh a rsmh y J u sef a wmh o wJ h ? 'gaMumih f tjcm;q&myih f u k & vk d Y touf & S i f & awmh wmaygYu, G }f [k rdeMYf um;&m ausmif;om; ud&k if OD ; yÍÆ i f ; rsm;rS m ud k & if £ E´ u ud k M unh f N yD ; waomaom &,farm Muavawmhonf/ cifolZmjrihf

aorif; &,fvr d r fh ,f Ä

aovnf;wpfaeY arG;wpfaeYwnf; wpfaeYaorSm rSefaeygvnf; rsm;pGm'ku© awGUBuKHMu\/

Ä

'ku©vGwf&m ab;uif;uGmzkdY cHvmt&if; ÓPfrSm&Sif;zdkY yGihfvif;ckcg omoem0,f usihfumyGm;&ef t"d|mefwnf;/

Ä

rao&mrSef jrwfedAÁmefvnf; Ak'¨a[mMum; jrwfw&m;rkdY rrSm;a&SUae usefxm;ayonf raoGwdkYrsm; aemifvmom;wGuf usifhyGm;&efjzpf csefxm;&pfzkdY

tESpfcE¨m awGUzdkY&myif opömjrifzkdYwnf;/ Ä

opömrjrif rdpämjrifu oljrifigjrif rsm;cspfcifESihf tjrifrajymif; ÓPfravmif;vQif uHajymif;a&GU&m vkduf&ygodkY yg,f&Gmoufqif; cE¨m,Gif;vQif aorif;qGJac: vuf½kyfaomfrS atmf- 'ku© 'ku© eifrwESihf aemufusavNyD aorif;&D(&,f)rnfwnf;/ aMumufvSayonf auGuGif;aoGznfwnf;/ OD ; oD v (qef u xef ; -zm;uef Y )


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

36

"r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg; &[ef;&Sifvltm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

urÇmt h Bu;D qH;k pDru H ed ;f (odr Yk [kw)f taemf&xmrif;\ ESv;kH om; csif ; wG i f ; iayv

aea&mifjcnfwdkY\ r0Hhr&J0ifa&muf ae&m,lonhfumv t½kPfOD;&JUed'gef;tvSu yk*HqdkwJh ajr{uawmfawmfrsm;rsm;rSm OD;vQdK acgif;iHkYvsuf apwDykxkd;rsm;\0ef;usifwGif ,dr;f EGUJ oGm;vmaeonht f vm; urÇmt h vSw&m; rsm;u ½IH;&avatmif wefqmqifaeMuav &JU/ aeYopfwpfc&k UJ uGuMf um;tvSonf jrefrmh trSwfwHqdyf yk*HuvGJí rnfonhfae&mwGifrS &SmrawGUEdik af wmhacs/ xdu k o hJ Ykd apwDyx k ;kd rsm;\ tvSr[mrsm;Mum;xJwGif pma&;olvSnhfywf oGm;vm&if; yk*jH ynh&f iS t f aemf&xmrif;\ ESv;kH udk jrnf;prf;Munhrfh ad vonf/ aojcif ; w&m;wd k Y r nf o nf b,f t&mudrk Q rsuEf mS omray;wwfMuonfuu kd m; vlom;tm;vHk; em;vnfoabmaygufxm;Mu aom w&m;oabmwpf c k y gav/ od k Y a omf ordkif; wpfck\wefzdk;onf aoqHk;olwdkY\ ES v H k ; om;? tusih f p ½d k u f ? t,l 0 g'wd k Y u d k od E d k i f a vonf u m; aojcif ; w&m;wd k Y \ tvG,fwul azsmufzsuf 0g;rsdKjcif;iSm rpGrf; Edkifjcif;\ owådwpfckygay/ ,ckvnf; þodYk a&S;ESpaf ygif; ud;k &m ausmfumv c&pfESpf 1077 ckESpfwGif ewf&GmpH uH a wmf u k e f c J h a om taemf & xmbk & if \ wk d i f ; jynf c spf p d w f ? jynf o l r sm;tay:wG i f xm;&Sdaom arwåmw&m;wdkY\ rnfrQBuD;us,f crf ; em;onf u d k tbd k ; apwD y k x d k ; rsm;u oufaojycJhavNyD/ a&S;OD;pGm taemf&xmrif; \ wkdif;jynftay:cspfcifNyD; owåd&SdyHkum;taemf&xmbk&ifxuf a&S;uapmí t&if

&S d E S i h f aeaom rS m ;,G i f ; aom rd p ä m t,l t&nf;BuD;wdkY \ ae&mwGif Ak'¨bmomjzihf? wpfenf;qd&k aomf t&nf;Bu;D wd\ Yk ausmif;uef wd k Y u d k apwD y k x d k ; rsm;jzih f tpm;xd k ; &J a om owådonf csD;usL;xkdufaom bk&ifwpfyg;\ xl;uJaomowådwpfckygay/ avmuü tjypf uif;í trsm;tusdK;&Sdaom tajymif;tvJudk ajymif ; vJ t pm;xd k ; jyKjyif j cif ; onf vl w k d i f ; twGuf vlu Y si0hf wf vlo Y u d m© jzpf\/ yk*HapwD ykxdk;rsm;onf taemf&xmrif;\ ESvHk;om; xJwGif wdkif;usdK;jynfusdK;twGuf aemufqHk; ,ckacwf? aemifacwftwGuf tusdK;udkarQmfí ppfrSefaomt,l0g'udk rSefuefaom tajymif; tvJjzihf jyKjyifajymif;vJNyD; El;nHhodrfarGUaom owå&d ydS u kH kd ñTejf yaeavouJo h Ykd jzpf\/ xdu k o hJ Ykd taemf&xmrif;\ ppfrSefaom ajymif;vJjyKjyif a&;pDrHudef;onf acwfumv wpfck\twdkif; twmudk olrvdkvm;cJhay/ ]]acwfumvwdkY rnfodkYajymif;ajymif; jrefrmwdkY\ ppfrSefaom Ak'¨bmomt,l0g'\tkwfjrpfonf ckdifcHhap& rnf}} [laom a&SUa&;udk arQmf awG;wwfaom todÓPfynmjzihf pDru H ed ;f cs t"d|mefcahJ vNy/D rSefayonf? avmuBuD;ü ,HkMunfudk;uG,frI rSpí t&m0w¬Ktm;vHk; obm0ab;tEÅ&m,f ESihf raumif;aomvlrdpämwdkY\ vufpGrf;rsm; aMumifh tcsKd Uonf acwfumv wpfck\ ESpf tenf;i,ftwGif; ysufpD;jcif;odkY a&mufcJh wwfacs\/ ,ckrlum; jrefrmjynf\ aESmif; acwfyk*Honf ,ckacwfyk*H? ,ckacwfyk*H onf tem*wf ü vnf ; yk * H [ l í om xm0&

wnfwahH eOD;rnfom/ vlom;wpf&yfv;kH vufcx H m;Muaom owå0g[laom a0g[m&ESihf trlt&mESvHk;om; onf taemf&xmbk&iftwGuf ]]&J&ihfjcif;}} wpf c k w nf ; r[k w f a y/ &J & ih f j cif ; wpf c k w nf ; qdkjyefvQifvnf; xdkowådudk a&SUaemufarQmfjrif wwfjcif;? udk,fcsif;pmemwwfjcif;? 0rf;ajrmuf *kPf,lwwfjcif;? opöm&Sdjcif;? trsm;tusdK;t wGuf pGev Yf w T t f epfemcHjcif;wdEYk iS fh xkqpfzUJG pnf; xm;onfudkum; yk*HapwDykxkd;rsm;udkMunhfí rjiif;omEdkifay/ tb,fhaMumifhenf;[lrl yk*HNrdKU \ t&dyfxyfrwwf rsm;jym;vSaom apwDykxdk; rsm;onf jref r mvl x k o mru urÇ m vl x k \ ypöKyÜef? oHo&maumif;usdK;udk pGrf;aqmifaebd ouJhokdY jzpfaeavaomaMumifhom/ ]]yk*Hbk&m; zl;}} [laom toHk;tEIef;trlt&m ESvHk;oGif; onf Ak'¨gEkówd ur®|mef;ukodkvf\ jrefrm pum;ajytvS o mjzpf \ / þod k Y q d k v Qif xd k u J h o d k Y ES p f a ygif ; ud k ; &mausmf u mvtwG i f ; yk * H b k & m;zl ; ol rnf r Qrsm;jym;cJ h o enf ; / xd k rsm;jym;vSaom yk*Hbk&m;zl;olwdkY\ Ak'¨gEkówd ur® | mef ; uk o d k v f t wG u f ypö K yÜ e f oH o &m aumif;usdK;jzpfay:vmjcif;\ ed'gef;tponf rnfol\arQmfvihfcsuf jzpfygoenf;/ &JpGrf;owådESihfjynhfpHkaom olawmf aumif;wdkY\ arQmfvihfcsufESvHk;om;udk omref tjrifjzihf odEidk zf cYkd , J Of;av\/ yk*NH rKd UwGif apwD ykxdk;tqlqlwdkY pwifjzpfay:vmjcif;\ wpfck wnf;aomtaMumif;onf taemf&xmrif;\ wkdif;jynfESihf vlrsdK;wdkYtay:xm;&Sdaom rSefuef aom ukodkvfjzpfjcif;\ arQmfvihfcsufaMumifh om ay:aygufvmcJh&acs\/ wpfenf;qdk&aomf yk*HapwDykxdk; tcif;tusif;onf taemf&xm rif;\ rsufarSmuftem*wf wdkif;oljynfom;wdkY twGuf ppfrSefaomukodkvf arQmfvihfcsuf\ yHk&dyfppfwpfck jzpfíaeavonf/ &Snfvsm;vS aom taemf&xmrif;\ ESvHk;om;tmomudk aorif;ESihf uHMur®monf tvdv k u dk t f avsmah y; cJ h v Qif þurÇ m ü taemf & xmrif ; avmuf touf&Snfolr&SdEdkifay/ tb,hfaMumihfqdkaomf taemf&xmrif;\ rSefuefaomarQmfvihfcsufudk acwftqufquf rqHk;Edkifaom rsdK;qufopf pmrsuf E S m 39 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

37

"r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/

NcHckefwJhEGm; rdef;rom;

Ä

rdef;rvufqGJ vlqdk;vQif wpfae&mudkoGm;aepOf/ onfa,musfm;vQif b,fyHk& xdkrdef;rudk ar;cGef;p/

Ä

zcifBuD;u ESpfoufpGm MunfMunfjzLjzL ay;pm;&m/ vufxyfcJhyg "Ek*¾[ odkYjzihf uRefrtdrfaxmifus/

Ä

,ckrSmu oihfudkvQif jrifjrifcsif;yif cspfpdwf0if/ xdkYaMumihfyif "Ek*¾[? olaoapatmif BuHpnf&/

Ä

Ek*¾[&JU vufpGrf;ydk vlq;kd "m;jyrodoud/k &efrlvdk olwdkYcsOf; Ek*¾[u jrm;eJYcGif;/

vlqdk;BuD;u xdktcg pOf;pm;qifjcifrdonfrSm/ aMumufp&maumif;aypG opömrJhwJh xdkrdef;r/

Ä

Ek*¾[&JUjr§m;csufrSm ]av;q,fhudk;} a,muftoufyg/ usef&pfolrSmwpfa,mufwnf; vlq;kd Adv k rf u kd w f ;D /

wpfaeYus aemufvifjrif igYudk tckvdk jyKrnfyif/ olYudkvQif igac:oGm; rkcstEÅ&m,frsm;/

Ä

olwpfa,mufwnf; ouf&Sifusef ukefoGm;aygYjrm;wef? wuf<utm;tif rmef[kefoGif;? vlqdk;Adkvf&JU &if0eif;/

vrf;tMum;ü jrpfudkjrif? olcdk;BuD;acgif;ütBuH0if/ a&wdrfjrpfjyifjzpfygvsuf onfjrpftvGefeuf/

Ä

rdef;rvufwGif; ]oefvsuf} udk "Ek*[ ¾ awmif;qd/k vlqdk;Adkvfudk oabmus "Ek*[ ¾ rde;f r/

cufcJvSwJhonfjrpfjyif b,fou Ykd ;l &olwikd yf if/ xdkrdef;rvQif tBuHxl;? Opömxkyfjzihf &Sift&iful;/

Ä

&m*wPSmaMumufp&m oefvsufvifudk vSrf;ay;&m/ t½dk;rSm vlqdk;buf toGm;udkawmh olYvifbuf/

cdk;om;BuD;rSL;aemufwpfcg &Sifç uRefrudkjyefac:yg/ aumif;ygNyDuGm uwday;/ Opömxkyf,ljzwful;ajy;/

Ä

vlqdk;oefvsuf tjref,lum "Ek*¾[acgif;jzwfvdkufyg/ olYcrsm uHurGJ 0if&aygYaoyGJ/

idak <u;rde;f rjrnfwrf;um &SifuRefrudk jyefac:yg/ jyefvmac:zdkY ta0;BuD; a&SUqufolYc&D;/

Ä

tvkdBuD;wJh rdef;r[m? oref;csHKem; xdkifidk&Sm/

aZmf a emif

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

a&S;oa&mtcg? jynfAm&m jA[®'wfrif; rif;jyKcg/ Ak'¨avmif;vsm xdktcgum; jzpfaygY bdk;odMum;/

Ä

ykPÖm;wpfa,muf xdkpOfrSm? om;armifwpfOD;&Sdyg/ olYemrnfudk rSwfxm;Mu? ]]plV"Ek*[ ¾ }}/

Ä

t|m&o ynmoif wuúov kd jf ynfwiG /f ynmpHkvifNyD;umv? olYwynfhudk oabmus/

Ä

ygarmu©BuD;xdktcg olYorD;udk xnhfvkdufyg/ jynfAm&mudk vdkufvdkYoGm; plVEk*¾[olYr,m;/

Ä

c&D;tMum;awmtkyfwGif qifwpfaumifu&efrlvQif/ av;twwfwGif wpfzufurf;cwf jr§m;udkvTwfí qifudkowf/

Ä

xdkt&yfrS qufNyD;vQif vifr,m;ESpfa,mufc&D;ESif/ wpfae&mwGif BuHKjyef& vlqdk;vlrdkuf olcdk;"m;jy/

Ä


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

38

"r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfonf/ Ä

wHk;\ rdkuf\ igYudkqdk? jyefMunhfygOD; udk,fhudk,fudk/ b,fvdkvlpm; rdef;rom;? jyefNyD;awmh pOf;pm;/

Ä

yÍöoDc iSufa,mifaqmif? rmwvdu ig;a,mifaqmif/ ajracG;a,mifaqmif odMum;rif; vkyfZmwfwpfyGJcif;/

bcifay;pm; wpfa,mufvif? aemufxyf,lwJh ]oa,mufvif}/ ESpfa,mufvifvHk; vufvTwf½HI;? oifrdef;rom rdef;rwHk;? oifrdef;rom trdkufqHk;/

Ä

odMum;rif;BuD;ajracG;[m? trJwHk;udk csDvm&m? rmwvdig; a&xJu ajracG;a&SUarSmufckefíus/

pl;&SajymvHk;Mum;vdkufcg? onfrSmaemifwol&yg/ aemufwpfcg tdrfaxmifus onfvdkaemufxyfrjzpfap&/

Ä

oDvr&Sd rdef;ri,f? b,fodkYajymajymr,HkuG,f/ ajrcGufudk&,f oifcdk;u? a&TcGufb,frSm ,HkvdkY& aiGcGufb,frSm ,HkvdkY&/

Ä

þodkYqHk;rEIwfcGef;acR xdkrdef;rudk t&Suf&ap? odkYNyD;avrS olYXme? odMum;rif;BuD;jyefí<u/

xdktcg odMum;rif;? vljY ynfoo Ykd ufqif;/ Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

Ä

odMum;rif;BuD;qif;ívm? olwpfa,mufwnf; r[kwfyg/ rmwvdeJY yÍöoDc? tazmfygvmMu/

trJwHk;cs ajracG;[m? ig;udkvdkufí olzrf;yg/ vsifjrefvSpGm xdkig;u a&xJjyefí olckefcs/ yÍöoDca&mufívm iSufuav;wpfaumif toGifyg/ aumuf,lum csDíoGm;? ajracG;csxm; trJom;/

/

ypö K yÜ e f 0 w¬ K tcgwpfyg;jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif aZw tvdk&rufrsm;vSpGm? 0ef a us m if ; awmfüoDwif;oH;k aeawmfrpl Of r,m; bmwpfckrSr&yg/ a[mif;zsm;a,mif;aom &[ef;udktaMumif;jyK ig;a&m trJygESpfckpvHk; í ,ckZmwfudk a[mMum;awmfrljcif;jzpf\/ tm;vHk; olqHk;½HI;/ xd k & [ef ; onf jrwf p G m bk & m;&S i f t m; ol \ r,m;a[mif;onf olYtm;NiD;aiGUaponf[k NyHK;½Hkru &,frdyg? avQmuf x m;\/ xd k t cg jrwf p G m bk & m;u oref;csHKem; rdef;r[m/ dS l udk,fhtaMumif;t&m udk,frpOf;pm; oihrf ed ;f ronf oif\ tusK;d rJjh cif;udk jyKavh&o wnf ; / a&S ; tcgwG i f v nf ; þrd e f ; raMumih f y if ajracG;udkvQif olu[m;/ oifaocJhzl;NyD/ OD;acgif;udkoefvsufjzihfyif jywfapcJhzl;NyD/ xdkodkYbk&m;&Sifu rdefYMum;vQif xkd&,foHMum; ajracG;[m? ¤if ; &[ef ; onf jrwf p G m bk & m;&S i f t m; vSrf;umatmf[pfar;vdkufyg/ awmif;yefaomaMumihf ,ckuJhodkY twdwfZmwf tckvdk&,fwm b,folvJ udk rdefY`rGwfa[mMum;jcif;jzpfonf/ ajymprf;tckyJ/ (twd w f 0 w¬ K ) a&S;tcgAm&mPoDjynfwiG f jA[®'wf &,foHrpJ rdef;r[m? rif ; rif ; j y K\/ xdktcgu Ak'¨avmif;vsmonf &,fae&if;u vSrf;ajymyg/ odMum;rif;b0ü jzpf\/ rdkufvdkufwm oifiwHk;? xdktcgü ykPÖm;wpfa,mufü om; ]ig;} a&m ]trJ}ygqHk;/ wpfa,muf&Sdae\/ ¤if;\ trnfrSm ]]plV"Ek*¾ [} ac:wGif\/ ¤if;onf wuúodkvfjynfwGif

ynmoGm;a&mufoif,lNyD; ynmpHkaomf ae&yf odkYjyef&efjyif\/ xdkpOf 'domygarmu©q&mBuD; onf ¤if;tm; oabmusonfjzpfí olYwynhf plV"Ek*[ ¾ udk olo Y rD;jzihf vufxyfay;vdu k af v onf / pl V "Ek * ¾ [ onf ZeD ; topf p uf p uf uav;udv k ufqí JG jynfawmfjyefc\ hJ / vrf;c&D; wpfae&mü qifwpfaumifonf ¤if;wdkYtm; &efrl\/ av;twwfwGif wpfzufurf;cwf wwfaom plV"Ek*¾[onf ¤if;\jrm;wpfpif; jzihyf if toufq;kH yg;apcJo h nf/ xdrk cS &D;qufí oGm;vQif awmtkyfwpfckodkYa&muf\/ xdkawm tkyüf cd;k om;ig;q,fwYkd rif;rlaomif;use;f aeMu avonf/ plV"Ek*¾[wdkYvmonfudkjrifvQif vlqdk; olcdk;wdkYonf vk,ufwdkufcdkuf&efjyif\/ odkYaomf xdkvlqdk;wdkYonf rnfodkYrQ vIyf&Sm;csdef r&vdkuf/ plV"Ek*¾[\ (49)pif;aom jrm;csuf jzihf toufxGufukefavonf/ vlqdk;Adkvfwpf OD;omtouf&Sifusef&pfav\/ plV"Ek*¾[\ jrm;tdrfüjrm;awmihf(50)om yg&Sdonfjzpf&m wpfpif;rSm qifudkypfcJh&aomaMumihf ,ck olYü (49)pif;aomjrm;awmifhrsm;om usef&Sdjcif;jzpf onf/ vlta,muf(50)vHk; wpfcsdefwnf; ypfcwfowfjzwfEkdifaomfvnf; jrm;awmihfrSm (49)pif;om&Sdawmhí vlqdk;AdkvftoufraoyJ usef&pfcJhjcif;jzpf\/ xdkYaMumihfplV"Ek*¾[onf vl q d k ; Ad k v f u d k vsif j ref p G m wG e f ; vS J í ¤if ; \ &ifbwfay:odw Yk ufeif;um teD;ü&Sad om olZY eD; xH r S oH v suf u d k a y;&ef v S r f ; íawmif ; \/ plV"Ek*¾[ZeD;u olYa,musfm;tm; oHvsuf ukd vS r f ; íay;yg\/ od k Y a omf oH v suf ½ d k ; ud k ol c d k ; buf ü xm;um toG m ;ud k pl V "Ek * ¾ [ bufodkYurf;\/ olcdk;Adkvfonf oefvsuf½dk; ud k v sif j ref p G m qG J , l u m pl V "Ek * ¾ [ tm; acgif;jzwfíowfypfvkdufavonf/ 'Domygarmu©Bu;D \ orD;onf wriftaumuf BuHí oHvsuf½dk;udk olcdk;BuD;bufodkY xm;jcif; jzpf\/ olonf vlqdk;AdkvfBuD;tm;jrifvQif jrifcsif; wyfpGef;onfjzpf&um; ol\a,musfm; a[mif;udk wrifaoapvdkíjzpfayonf/ olcdk;BuD;rSL;onf xdkrdef;rESihftwl wuGc&D;ESifcJh\/ þodkYvm&if;rS olpOf;pm;rd onf/ þrde;f rum; rde;f r,kw?f opömrJo h w l nf;/ rdrd\ a,musfm;udkyif aoapum igYudkcspfcif ESpfoufonfqdkíigYaemufudk vdkufvmonf/ ol o nf pd w f c s&rnf h o l r [k w f / aemuf a,musfm;wpfa,mufudk topfjrifvQif ,cif a,musfm;a[mif;uJhodkYyif igYtm; toufudk aoaprnfholjzpfonf[k awG;rdum rnfodkY jyK&aumif;rnfenf;[k pOf;pm;vm&m wpfck


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/ aom jrpfodkYa&mufcJh\/ xdkjrpfrSm a&wdrfaom jrpfreS ;f olo\ d / odaYk omf olc;kd Bu;D onf xdrk ed ;f r tm; xdjk rpfonf a&eufaomjrpfjzpf\/ rnfoYkd jzwful;&rSef;rod[kqdkav&m xdkrdef;ru ol\ vuf0wf&wemrsm;udk ol\tay:½Hkt0wf jzihfxkwfydk;ay;í þtxkyfudk,lum [dkbuf urf;odYk &Sit f &ifu;l ESiyfh g/ Ny;D rSwpfacguf olu Y kd jyefvmac:yg[kq\ kd / olc;kd Adv k Bf u;D um; xdrk ed ;f r ajymonft h wdik ;f yif &wemxkyu f , kd u l m a&ul; &onfyh [ kH efaqmifum wpfbufurf;odYk a&muf atmifoGm;\/ a&mufvQif aemufodkYvSnhfí rMunhfbJ olwpfOD;wnf; a&SUqufc&D;ESifav onf/ ygarmu©BuD;orD;u ]olYudkjyefvmac: vSnhfyg} [k tBudrfBudrf txyfxyfatmfajym &if ; onf b uf u rf ; ü usef & pf c J h a vonf / odMum;rif;onf vlYjynfodkYvSrf;tMunhf xdk tjzpftysuu f jkd rifvQif xdrk ed ;f r,kwt f m; qH;k r rSjzpfrnf[k rmwvdESihf yÍöoDcewfom; ESpfyg; ud k y g tazmf a c:vsuf vl Y j ynf o d k Y q if ; vm avonf/ rmwvdudk ig;a,mifaqmifcdkif;\/ yÍöoDcudk iSufa,mifaqmifcdkif;\/ olum; ajracG;a,mifaqmif\/ ajracG;onf trJom; wHk; wpfwHk;udk csDvm\/ xdkpOfa&xJrS ig;onf ½kwfw&wf jrpfwGif;rSckefxGufvmum ajracG; em;odYk us\/ ajracG;onf olEY w I o f ;D rS trJom; wHk;udk csum ig;aemufodkYvdkuf\/ ig;onf vsifjrefpGm a&xJodkYjyefíckefqif;oGm;onf/ xdt k cgusrS olcsxm;cJah om trJw;kH udjk yef,&l ef vmaomf aumif ; uif r S ysH v maomiS u f wpfaumifonf xdktrJom;wHk;tm; xdk;okyfí ,laqmifoGm;avonf/ ajracG;um; olYrlv trJ o m;wH k ; vnf ; r&? ig;ud k v nf ; r&bJ ESpfckpvHk; qHk;½HI;&avonf/ xdkYaMumihfajracG; onf xdkae&müyif xdkifírdIif aeavonf/ xd k t jzpf u d k vif y pf r jrif a omf tm;&yg;& &,farmavonf/ xd&k ,fou H akd jracG;Mum;vQif rnfolonf rnfonfhtwGufaMumihf &,f& oenf;[k atmf[pfíar;avonf/ xdktcg vif y pf r u xG u f í uREf k y f & ,f a rmjcif ; rS m oihftjzpfu &,fp&maumif;aeí &,frdjcif; jzpfonf/ oifonf trJom;wHk; vnf;qHk;½HI;? ig;udkvnf; r&vdkuf? ESpfckpvHk; qHk;½HI;&onf[k ajracG;tm; jyefajymavonf/ xdktcg ajracG; u olrsm;udkcsnf;rajymESihf udk,fhtaMumif; vnf; ud, k jf yef pOf;pm;Munhyf g/ oifonfvnf; rdbay;pm;vdkufaom vifa&m? aemufxyf oif,al oma,musmf ;a&m ESpOf ;D pvH;k vufvw G f qH;k ½H;I &onfr[kwaf vm[k ajymaomtcgwGirf S vifypfronf olYtjzpfudk olawG;rdNyD; aemifw

&avonf/ xdkYaMumihfajracG;a,mifaqmif xm;aom odMum;rif;tm; aemifþodkYrjyKNyD/ aemuf x yf t d r f a xmif j yKaomf ,ck u J h o d k Y vkyfawmhrnfr[kwfyg[k qkd\/ xdkodkYqdkaomf vnf; odMum;rif;u olYudkqHk;r t&Suf&ap vdkíoihfpum;udkigr,HkMunf/ ajrcGufi,fudk wpfcgcdk;zl;olonf aemufxyfa&TcGufudkawGU aomfrcdk;bJ aetHhavm/ aiGcGufudk awGUaomf rcd;k bJaetHah vm[k ajymqdq k ;kH rt&Su&f apum olYae&molYXmeodkY jyef<uoGm;avonf/ Zmwfaygif;aomf ,ckNiD;aiGUonfqdk aom &[ef ; onf xd k p Of u pl V "Ek * ¾ [ ? ,ckNiD;aiGUonfqdkaom &[ef;\ r,m;a[mif; onf xdktcgu plV"Ek*¾[\ ZeD;r,m;jzpfzl; NyD; ,ckigbk&m;onf xdkpOftcgu odMum;rif; jzpfczhJ ;l ayonf[k Zmwfuakd ygif;awmfryl gonf/ aZmf a emif usrf ; ñT e f ; - ig;&mig;q,f e d y gwf ? plV"Ek*¾[Zmwu/ pmrsuf E S m 9 rS ax&0g'Ak'¨bmom0ifwdkY cHkrufpHkruf ESpfouf Mujcif;aMumihyf if/ odq Yk v kd Qif taemf&xmrif;\ þuJhodkYaom &Snfvsm;vSaomarQmfvihfcsuf tb,haf Mumifjh zpfay:vm&ygoenf;/ þae&m ü tajzonf wk d i f ; ol j ynf o m;wd k Y t ay: cspf j rwf E d k ; onf u wpf a Mumif ; ? ol E S i f h r jcm; ukd,fcsif;pmoem;awmfrljcif;uwpfaMumif; aMumihfomjzpf\[kqdkvQif ydkírSefayvdrhfrnf/ jrif h j rwf a ombk & if w pf y g;\ tawG ; tBuH tajymtqdk tvkyt f udik Ef iS cfh pH m;pHpm;rI[o l nf axmifaygif;rsm;pGmaom wdik ;f oljynfom;tm;vH;k ESihf rwlnMD uonfuu kd m; vlwidk ;f odEidk Mf uav onf/ þae&mü bk&ifESihfjynfol vGefuJaom uGmjcm;rIü bk&ifwpfyg;u wkdif;oljynfom;wdkY \ rdrEd iS t hf aetxkid pf onf tvH;k pHrk wlnED ikd f Muaomfvnf; tem*wfyef;wdik o f Ykd bk&ifEiS w hf uG vSrf;,lEdkifMuap&ef udk,fcsif;pmiJhuGufcJhonf um; ]]igavQmufvrS ;f ovdk igESit fh wl ighwidk ;f ol jynf o m;rsm;vJ ppf r S e f a omt,l 0 g'jzih f avQmufvSrf;&aptHh}} [laom taemf&xmrif; \ ud k , f c sif ; pmES v H k ; om;jzLpif r I a Mumih f &Snfvsm;aomawmifhwrI ukodkvfqE´ jzpfay: cJh&acs\/ uHMur®mESihf aojcif;w&m;wdkYonf taemf&xmrif;\ jzLpifaomESvHk;om;c&D;udk Oayu©mjyK&ufaomfvnf; taemf&xmrif;\ ok*wdb0ESifh bHkAdrmefudkum; zsufqD;EdkiftHh rxif/ xdaYk Mumifh rsm;jym;vSaom ax&0g' Ak'¨ bmom0ifwYkd yk*aH pwDyx k ;kd rsm;udk OD;wdu k v f u dk f

39

wkdif; taemf&xmrif;\ twkdif;rodaom yDwd wdjYk zihf wifw h ,fpmG 0rf;omaernfuu kd m; ajrBu;D vufcwfrvGJyif/ owåavmuBuD;wpfckvHk;wGif opöm w&m;wdkYonf vlYavmuüom vif;vufEdkifMu av\/ vlYavmuwGifvnf; olawmfaumif; yk*¾dKvfwdkYxJwGifom opömw&m;wdkY jrL;wl;aysmf yg;wwfMuav\/ þae&mü taemf&xmrif; \ wkdif;jynftay: opömw&m;xm;&SdcJhyHkum; ]]yk*H}} [kMum;odvQif yk*Hrif;quf (55) quf teufrS taemf&xmrif;udo k m jynfot l rsm;u owd&vkdufMujcif;u oufaojyaeav\/ wdkif;jynf\csrf;om? qif;&Jajymif;vJrI? acwf umvwpfck\ qdk;jypfaumif;arGonf rnfrQ &Scd yhJ gap? bk&ifwpfyg;\ wkid ;f jynftay: opöm &SdcJhonfum; wkdif;jynfb@m? bk&ihfb@mrS onf apwDykxdk;rsm;tjzpfodkY ajymif;vJNyD; tem*wfumv wkid ;f jynftwGuf aumif;arGay; cJhjcif;u opömw&m;\ tcdk;taiGUtpdkiftcJ omjzpfcJhyg\/ yDwEd v S ;kH om;onf jyKvyk q f J ukov kd ?f tukodkvf tvkyfwdkif;udk tqHk;pGefodkYa&muf atmif wGe;f ydaYk qmif,El ikd af vonf/ yk*jH ynh&f iS f taemf&xmbk&if\ wkid ;f jynftwGuf a&SUaemuf ajrmfjrifwwfjcif;? udk,fcsif;pmemwwfjcif;? 0rf;ajrmuf*kPf,lwwfjcif;wdkYaMumifhjzpfaom yDww d o Ykd nf ol\wkid ;f usKd ;jynfusKd ;twGuf tqH;k pGefodkYa&muf&Sdatmif wGef;ydkYEdkifcJhavNyD/ tvkyf wpfck\ aumif;raumif; a0zefrIudk *½krxm; yJ a&SUtem*wf wdik ;f jynftwGuf bk&ifph nf;pdrf ESihf b0udk NrdKUyk*Hvdkt&yfrSm aumif;jrwfppfrSef aom ukodkvftwGuf apwDykxdk;rsm;tjzpf ajymif;vJNyD; oludk,fwdkifOD;aqmifvrf;ñTefcGihf? Munhf½IcGifh? jrifcGifhr&Edkifawmhaom tem*wf rsKd ;qufopf wkid ;f oljynfom;wdt Yk wGuf pGev Yf w T f tepfemcHcJh&SmavNyD/ ,ckrlum; uREfkyfwdkY olcif;aomvrf;udk avQmuf&if;? olap&mudk OD;ñGwf&if; olay;cJhaom ppfrSefaom ukodkvf aumif;arGudk &&SdcJhMuavonf/ xdkYaMumifh yk*H NrdKUolNrdKUom;wdkYESifhwuG jrefrmjynfoljynfom; tm;vHk; bk&m;zl;ukodkvf,l&if; taemf&xm bk&if\ pDrHudef;jy,k*f yk*HapwDykxdk;rsm;udk xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufumuG,fNyD; bk&ifBuD;\ ESvHk;om;udk jznhfqnf;ay;qyfMuygpdkY/ jrwfaomrif;Bu;D ok*wdb0rSm xm0&0rf;ajrmuf Edkifygap/ usrf ; ud k ; yk*HapwDykxdk;rsm;orkdif;ESifh c&D;oGm;vrf;ñTef csif ; wG i f ; iayv


12345678901234567890123456789012123456789 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789 VISION OF THE DHAMMA 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789

tmoa0guif;qdwf&m r&PówdyGm;rsm;a&;

Mindfulness of death

"r® 0 D & -oEÅ m atmif (tjynf j ynf q k d i f & max&0g'wuú o k d v f )

r&Pówd o k w f tcgwpfyg;ü jrwfpGmbk&m;onf emwdu&Gmtkwfausmif;ü oDwif;oH;k aeawmfr\ l / xdt k cgjrwfpmG bk&m;onf &[ef;wdu Yk kd ac:awmf rl\/ ]]&[ef;wd}Yk } ]]t&Sijf rwfb&k m;}} [k &[ef;wdu Yk jyefMum;avQmufxm;Muav \/ xdkpOfjrwfpGmbk&m;onf þpum;udk rdefYawmfrlav\/ ]]&[ef;wdkY? aojcif;udk atmufarhrI ]r&Pówd} udk yGm;rsm; tyf? Budrfzefrsm;pGm jyKtyfonf&Sdaomf tusdK;BuD;\/ tmedoifBuD;\/ tNrdKuf (edAÁmef) odkY ouf0if\/ tNrdKuf (edAÁmef) vQif tqHk;&Sd\/ &[ef; wdkY? oifwdkYonf r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;Muukefavmh}} þodkYrdefYMum;awmfrlonf&Sdaomf &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrwfpGm bk&m;tm; þodkYavQmufxm;\/ ]]t&Sifjrwfbk&m;? tuREfkyfonf r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\ bk&m;}} xdktcg jrwfpGmbk&m;onf xdk&[ef;tm; ar;jref;awmfrl\/ ]]&[ef;? oifonf r&Pówdudk tb,fodkYvQif yGm;rsm;yg oenf;...}} ]]t&SifjrwfpGmbk&m;? tuREfkyftm; ]igonf wpfaeYwpfnOfhrQ touf&iS yf grl aumif;avpG/ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f &av&m\/ ihgtm; pifppf (&[ef;udpöudk) rsm;pGmjyKtyfonfjzpf&m\} [k tBuHjzpfyg\ t&Sifbk&m;/ tuREfkyfonf þodkYvQif r&Pówdudk yGm;rsm;yg\}} (1) tjcm;&[ef;wpfyg;uvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; þodkYavQmuf xm;av\/ ]]t&Sib f &k m;? tuREykf o f nfvnf; r&Pówdukd yGm;rsm;yg\}} ]]&[ef;? oifonf r&Pówdudk tb,fodkYvQif yGm;rsm; oenf;...}} ]]t&SifjrwfpGmbk&m;? tuREfkyftm; ]igonf wpfaeYwmrQ touf&iS yf grl aumif;avpG/ jrwfpmG bk&m;\ tqH;k trawmfukd ESv;kH oGi;f

Mindfulness of death Once the Exalted One was staying in the Brick Hall at Na-dika. There the Exalted One addressed the monks, saying: "Monks!" "Lord," they replied; and the Exalted One said: "Mindfulness of death, monks, when made become, developed is very fruitful, of great advantage, merging and ending in the deathless. Monks, do ye make become mindfulness of death." And when he had thus spoken, a certain monk said to him: "Lord, I make become mindfulness of death." "How, monk, do you make it become?" "Herein, Lord, such in my thought: Surely were I to live but one day and night, an I were to ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would be done by me– thus, lord, I make become mindfulness of death." And another monk...spoke likewise and said: "Lord, this is my thought: Surely were I to live for a day only, an I were to ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would bedone by me– thus, lord, I make become mindfulness of death." And another...said...were... I to live half a day...Another ...said...were I to live long enough to eat one alms-meal... Another...were I to live long enough to eat half an almsmeal... Another....to swallow four or five morsels of food; which I have munched.... Another....to swallow one morsel of food.... And another monk said: "Lord, I make become mindfulness of death." "How so, monk!" "Herein, lord, this is my thought: Surely were I to live but long enought to breathe in after breathing out, or to breathe out after breathing in, an I were to ponder over the word of the Exalted One, much indeed would be done by me– thus, lord, I make become mindfulness of death."

pmrsuf E S m 26 ok d Y


DV22-12