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Address Hlaing Kyi Phyu Dhamma Vira Publishing House Head Office: Blk (1), Rm(R6), Myanmar InfoTech, Hlaing Ts, Yangon. Branch Office: No. 50, 2nd Fl. Bank St, Kyauktada Ts, Yangon. Ph: 0980 23992 , 0950 01401 e-Mail - dhammavira@gmail.com

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EDITORIAL "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/

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Satipat.t.ha-na: - THE DIRECT PATH TO REALIZATION

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5

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Satipat.t.ha-na: - THE DIRECT PATH TO REALIZATION

6

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aemufwpfcku oknm*g&? ]okn} qdkwm b,folrSr&Sdbl;/ udk,fwpfa,mufwnf;? ]tm*g&} qdkwm taqmuftOD;? b,folrSr&SdwJh udk,fwpfa,mufwnf;aewJh taqmuftOD;rSmjzpfap? udk,fwpfa,muf wnf;aewJh wkdufcef; jzpfap? tJ'g oknm*g&yJ/ tJ'Dvdk ae&ma&G;NyD;wJhtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u tmemygeum,mEkyóemvkyaf wmhr,fq&kd if xdik yf x kH ikd ef nf;pepfuv kd nf; ay;xm; w,f? ]edo'D wd} wJh tmemygeusawmh xkid Nf y;D tm;xkwcf ikd ;f w,f/ ]yv’uø tmbkZdwGm}- trsdK;om;awGtwGuf wifyv’ifacGxdkif? trsdK;orD;awGus awmh t'¨yv’uv F aYkd c:wJh 'l;wpfzufwyk x f idk ef nf;pepfeYJ xdikd ?f ]OZHk um,H yPd"m,}- cg;uae acgif;txd cE¨mudk,fav;udk ajzmifhajzmihfxm;ygwJh? 'g w&m;xdkifenf;udkoifwm? wifyv’ifacGxdkif (odkYr[kwf) 'l;wkyfxdkif? acgif;eJY udk,fav;udk rwfrwfxm;? tJ'Dvdk rwfrwfxm;NyD;awmh ]y&drkcH owd H Oy|aywGm}- owdav;udk ur®|mef;tm½Hk a&SUudkydkYvTwfygwJh/ ur®|mef;tm½Hkay:rSm&SdwJh owdav;u tJ'Dtm½Hkudk &,lvkdufygvdkY qdkvdk w,f/ tJ'Dawmh tmemygeqdkwm bmudk&,l&rSmvJqdkawmh ½SLoGif; vkdufwJh avuav;? ½dIufxkwfvkdufwJh avuav;[m b,fuxGufESmoD;zsm;u xGufw,f/ xGufvdkY xdoGm;wJhae&muav;udk t|uxm q&mu ajymjyw,f/ ]zk|Xmae} avuav; xdomG ;wJah e&mudk pdu k Mf unhf yg/ avqdkwm jrif&wmr[kwfwJhtwGufaMumihf avuav;xdoGm;wJh ae&mudk rSwfygvdkY qdkvdkw,f/ jrwfpGmbk&m;uawmh avuav; xdwJhae&mvdkYawmh ra[m bl;/ owdudk tJ'Dudk ydkYvTwfvkduf? xGufav0ifavxdoGm;wJhae&mudk ydkY? ydkYNyD;&if eHygwfwpf pçavhusihf&rSmu ]oawm0 tóowdç oawm0 yóowd} wJh/ owdav;xm;NyD;awmh ½SLoGif;vkdufyg/ owdav;xm;NyD; awmh ½dIufxkwfvkdufyg/ ½SLoGif;wJhavuav;udkvnf; owd&Sdyg/ avuav; ½du I x f w k v f u dk w f t hJ csed rf mS vnf; owd&ydS gqdw k m wpfcgwnf; vky&f rSm r[kwb f ;l / tJ'gudk pOfqufrjywf avhusi&fh r,f/ 'g yxrtqihf avhusihfwm/ tJ'Dvdk avhusihfvkdufwJhtcgusawmh wkd;wufrI&Sdvmw,f/ ud, k ½f LS oGi;f vku d w f ahJ vuav;[m tcsed yf ikd ;f tm;jzihf &SnMf umrI&o dS vm;ç tcsed t f m;jzifh wdo k vm;? ud, k ½f u Id x f w k v f u dk w f ahJ vuav;[m tcdseyf ikd ;f tm;jzihf &Sno f vm;ç wdo k vm;? t&Snt f wdak v;yg owdxm;rdvmw,f/ vlawG[m at;at;aq;aq;aewJt h cgusawmh touf½LS wm av;awG yHkrSefav;? cyf&Snf&Snfav; ½SLw,f/ tJ'Dvdkr[kwfbJeJY tajy; tvTm;vkyw f mwdYk armwmwdq Yk &kd if [Ja[m[Ja[meJaY emf? ½SLvdu k ½f u Id v f u dk ?f ½SLvdkuf½dIufvkdufeJY? a>rawG touf½SLwmusawmh Mumw,f/ acG;awGus awmh armaeNyD;touf½SL&if ½SL;&SJ- ½SL;&SJ- ½SL;&SJ jzpfaewm? jrefw,f/ tJ'v D kd ud, k ½f LS wJt h ouf[m &Sno f vm;? wdo k vm;/ wpfenf; tm;jzihfajym&if tcsdefMumovm;? tcsdefwdkovm;/ tJ'DESpfckudk oJoJ uGJuGJjzpfvmw,fwJh/ todÓPfwpfckwufvmwm? yxrawmh omref ½SLaewmavmufudk odw,f/ aemuf owdxm;ygrsm;awmh &Snf&Snf½SL&if &Snf&Snf½SLw,fvdkY odw,f/ wdkwdk½SL&if wdkwdk½SLw,fvdkY odvmw,f/ ½SL½dIufrIav;&JU tcsdefykdif;[m wdkw,f &Snfw,fyg odvmw,f/ tJ'g wpfqihfwufvmwm/ tJ'Dvdk wpfqihfwufvmNyD;awmh aemufrSm bmodzdkYBudK;pm;& rvJ/ ud, k &f UJ BuKd ;pm;rIav;eJY todav;jri§ w fh ifay;&r,f/ bmjri§ w fh ifay; &rvJq&kd if ]oAÁum,y#doaH 0'D tóodómrDwd oduw © }d 'Dpum;av; oHk;xm;w,f/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf/)


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

rkH&GmaeZm

7

NydwåmESifh r&Sdjyóem(2)

t&S i f Z ed E ´ o m& (o'¨ r ® Z mwd u "Z)

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

8

"r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G;? bmomra&G;? avmuom;tm;vkH;twGufjzpfonf/

w&m;ukdjrifaom &[ef; &S i f Ó P (zsmyk H ) omuD0ifrif;wpfyg;b0rS &[ef;jyKcJh ol t&Sifb'´d,onf xD;eef;pnf;pdrftvkH;pkHukd pGefYvTwf&JcJholjzpf\/ olonf &[ef;tjzpfukd &&SdcJhNyD;aemuf y&dowfuif;a0;í qdwfNidrf&m awmtkyBf u;D twGi;f ü opfyifudk ausmif;ocFe;f jyKvsuf wpfyg;wnf;aeavh&Sdonf/ xkduJhodkY opfyif&if;ü wpfyg;wnf;aepOf ]]aMomf csr;f om aypG . . csrf ; omaypG } } [k usL;&ih f a eavh &Sdwwfayonf/ t&Sib f 'd, ´ usL;&ihaf vh&adS ompum; ukd jzwfoef;oGm;vmMuaom &[ef;rsm;Mum;Mu &\/ rMumcP Mum;&zef r sm;aomtcg c&D ; oG m ; &[ef ; rsm;u ]]trS e f p if p pf 'D&Sifb'd´,[m &[ef;w&m;ukd tm;rxkwfbJeJY aMomf - csrf ; om aypG ? csrf ; omaypG v d k Y &Gwfqkdaewm[m olvlYb0 wkef;u cHpm;cJh&wJh rif;pnf;pdrfcsrf;omukd atmufarhawG;awmNyD; &Gwfqkdaewmjzpfr,f}}[k awG;awmrdMuum tEky, d o&ufawmü oDwif;ok;H aeawmfral om jrwfpGmbk&m;tm; t&Sifb'´d,taMumif;ukd avQmufxm;Muav onf/ &[ef;rsm;avQmufxm;Muaomtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u t&Sifb'´d,ukd oGm;a&muf ac:aqmif&ef rdefYMum;awmfrl\/ t&Sifb'´d, a&muf&Sdvmaomtcg jrwfpGmbk&m;u]]cspo f m; b'´, d oif[m qdwNf ird &f m t&yfrmS wpfyg;wnf;aeNy;D aMomf-csr;f omaypG? csrf;omaypG...vdkY ajymqkdaew,fqkdwm [kwo f vm;}} ]]t&Sijf rwfpmG bk&m; rSeyf gw,fb&k m;}} ]]cspo f m; b'´, d oifb,ftaMumif; ukd odjrifNyD; 'Dvkdajymqkd&GwfyGm;aewmvJ}} ]]t&Sif jrwfpGmbk&m; a&S;tcgu wynhfawmf vlrif;jzpfpOfu eef;wGif;eef;jyif? NrKd U wG i f ; NrKd U jyif r S m tapmih f c sxm;&ygw,f ? aus;&GmwdrYk mS vnf; tapmift h a&Smufudk aumif; pGm pD&ifxm;&Sd&ygw,f? t&SifjrwfpGmbk&m; wynhfawmfrS tJ'DvkdvkHNcKHrIukd txyfxyfpDrHNyD; aexkid yf gaomfvnf; aMumuf&UHG pk;d &drpf w d ef YJ aecJh &ygw,f t&Sifbk&m;? t&SifjrwfpGmbk&m; tcktcgrSawmh

wynhfawmf awmBuD;twGif; opfyif&if;rSm wpfyg;wnf; ae&ygaomfvnf; raMumufr&GHU rpkd;&drf&awmhyg? tJ'DtaMumif;aMumihf aMomf csrf;omaypG vdkY &Gwfqkdaerdjcif;jzpfygw,f t&S i f j rwf b k & m;}} [k avQmuf x m;av&m jrwfpGm bk&m;u]]tMuify*k K¾ v d \ f twGi;f pdwüf trsuf a'gowdo Yk nf r&Su d ek ?f þodYk jynfph jHk cif;? ysupf ;D jcif ; uk d v nf ; vG e f a jrmuf \ ? ab;uif ; í csr;f om aom? aMumihMf uuif;aom xkyd *k K¾ v d u f dk ewfrsm; yif jrif&efrpGr;f Ekid Mf uaywum;..}}[k &[ef;y&dowfa&SUwGif rdefYqkdusL;&ihfawmfrl vk d u f N yD ; aemuf jrwf p G m bk & m;onf &[ef ; y&dowftm; rdefYMum;awmfrlvdkuf\/ ]]&[ef;wdkY tMuifyk*¾Kdvf[m igbk&m; &J U ouF e f ; puk d pG J u k d i f N yD ; xuf M uyf r uG m vkdufaeygaomfjim;vnf; tbdZÑmrsm;aeol jzpfr,fqkd&if xkdyk*¾Kdvf[m igbk&m;eJYa0;aeol omjzpfw,f}} ]]&[ef;wdkY xkdyk*¾Kdvf[m umrwdkYrSm tm;Bu;D aom &m* (wyfpeG ;f rI) &Sad eygrl? azmuf jyefaompdw&f adS eygrl? qifjcifÓPfr&So d jl zpfae ygrl ? rwnf M unf p d w f ? wk e f v I y f a ompd w f &Sdaeygrl? £a`E´ukd rapmifhpnf;oljzpfaeygrl igbk&m;eJY a0;olomjzpfayw,f? &[ef;wdkYtaMumif;rSm w&m;ukdrjrifvQif igbk&m;ukd rjrif j cif ; aMumih f jzpf w ,f } } [k rd e f Y q k d u m qufvufNyD;]]&[ef;wdkY tMuifyk*¾Kdvf[m tbdZÑm rsm;ygrl umrwdkYrSm tm;BuD;aom&m* (wyfpGef; rI) r&Sdygrl? azmufjyefaompdwfr&Sdygrl? jypfrSm; vkdaompdwftBuHr&Sdygrl? owdESihfjynfhpkHygrl? qifjcifÓPf&o dS jl zpfygrl? rwkerf vIyf wnfMunf aompdw&f ydS grl? £a`Eu ´ adk pmifph nf;aeoljzpfygrl? xkyd *k K¾ v d [ f m ,lZemrsm;pGma0;uGmaomt&yfrmS aeapumrl igbk&m;eJYeD;oljzpfw,f? xkdYtwl igbk&m;[mvnf; xkdyk*¾KdvfeJYeD;olomjzpfw,f? &[ef;wdkY taMumif;rSm xkdyk*¾Kdvf[m w&m;ukd jrifvQif bk&m;ukdjrifaomaMumihfjzpfayw,f}} [k &[ef;y&dowfwdkYtm; rdefYMum;qkH;rawmf rlvu dk af vonf/

jrwf p G m bk & m;\tqk H ; tr Mo0g' pum;ukd emMum;MuNyD;aemufwGifrl &[ef;wdkY onfvnf; omuD0ifrif;b0ukdpGefYvTwfum jrwfpGmbk&m;omoemawmfü pifMu,faom oDv0EÅyk*¾Kdvftjzpfjzihf w&m;"r®ESihfarGUavsmf um awmBuD ; rsuf r nf ; wG i f wpf y g;wnf ; opfyif&if;ukd ausmif;ocFef;trSwfjyKvsuf oHa0*O'gef; usL;&ifhaeavh&Sdaom t&Sifjrwf b'´d,\ ]aMomf csrf;omaypG? csrf;omaypG} [k &Gwfqkdaom t"dyÜm,frSefukd od&SdcJhMuNyD; jzpfí tawG;tBuH rSm;,Gif;rIrsm; jy,faysmuf oGm;Muawmhonf/ xkdYtjyif ]]w&m;ukdjrifrS igbk&m; ukd jrifrnf? w&m;ukd rjrifvQif igbk&m;ukd rjrif}} [laom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ tqkH;tr Mo0g'w&m;ukd rsufarSmufxifxif rSwfom; emMum;vkduf&ojzihf &[ef;taygif;wdkYonf vnf; owdoHa0* &&SdcJhMuí bk&m;ESihftaeeD; NyD; bk&m;ESihf taea0;olrjzpf&avatmif ur®|mef;w&m;ukd yGm;rsm;tm;xkw&f ef pdwt f m½kH usa&muf c J h M uonf / £a`E´ a jcmuf y g;uk d apmihfxdef;&ef jrwfpGmbk&m; rdefYMum;csufrsm; uvnf; &[ef;wdkY\ tMum;tm½kHrSm yJhwif xyfae\/ jrwfpGmbk&m;wnf;[laom yk*¾KdvfwdkY onf yGifhay:cJ\/ rdrdwdkYonfvnf; &cJonhf vltjzpfukd bk&m;omoemacwftwGif;rSm &cJ h o nf / xk d Y t jyif bk & m;\om;awmf tvGef&cJonhf &[ef;tjzpfukd &Muygvsuf pmrsuf E S m 10 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf avmuD avmukwå&mtusKd;ESpfyg;twGuf jzpfonf/

9

a*gwrAk'¨ESihf rif;wdkY\ avmuobm0"r® jyóemajz&Sif;enf;rsm; (1) wuú o d k v f o Qif o D & d ( "r® m p&d , ? B.A)

,cif t ywf r S t quf xdka&Tjym;udk vdyfNyD;vQif tvGefEl;nHh aom urÁvmjzihf &pfywfí eHYomESpfMuKwfü xnhfNyD;aemuf xdkMuKwfudk a&TMuKwf? aiGMuKwf? ywåjrm;MuKwf? jrMuKwf? zmefMuKwf? qifpG,f MuKwf? &wemq,fyg;pDaom MuKwfwdkYü tqihf qihfxnhfNyD;vQif ESD;MuKwfü wpfzefxnhfum eHYomESpfaowåmüpaom a&T? aiG? ywåjrm; tqifhqihf aowåmüxnhfonf/ xdkYaemuf ESD;aowåmudk eHYomyjcKyf paom a&T aiG ywåjrm; tqihfqifh yjcKyfwdkYü xnhNf y;D vQif tjyifrS urÁvm t0wf&pfywfum rif;wHqdyfcyfESdyfonf/ xdkYaemuf trwfwdkYudk]ig\ tmPmawmfjyefYESHY&mt&yfü vrf ; ud k wef q mqif a p&rnf ? vrf ; onf tus,f tjyefYtm;jzihf &SpfOóbus,fap& rnf / xd k & S p f O óbteuf vuf 0 J v usf m ESpOf obpD&adS om t&yfrmS okwo f iftyfumrQ jzpfap&rnf/tv,fjzpfaom av;Oóbudk rif;aqmifrsm;jzihf crf;em;pGm pDrHMu&rnf} [k trdefYawmfcsrSwfavonf/ xd k Y a emuf r*F v mqif a wmf u d k wefqmtjynhftpHk qifapí xdkr*Fvmvrf; txufü yv’ifudk cif;xm;apvsuf xdktxuf rS xD;jzLawmfpu kd x f al pNy;D vQif NrKd Uawmfvrf;rsm; udk a&zsef;NyD; wvif;tnDtnm vSnf;usif; NyD; jzpfatmif wHcGefukuúm; rkav;yGm;wdkYudk tpD t &D pd k u f x l a ponf / 0J , mwpf z uf wpfcsufrS iSufaysmyifrsm;? a&jynhftdk;rsm;? eH Y o mtrsKd ; rsKd ; ? tcd k ; txH k t rsKd ; rsKd ; wd k Y j zih f

wefqmqifNyD;jzpfatmif pDrHjyKvkyfay;onf/ vrf;wpfavQmuftMum;&Sd wdkufMuyf NrdKUpm;rif;rsm;tm;vnf;]]rdrdwdkY ydkifpm;aome,fy,ft&yfü þenf;ESihf ylaZmfouúm&rI jyKvkyfapMu&rnf}} -[k wrefudkapvTwfum o0PfvTmydkYonf/ rif;BuD;udk,fwdkif rif;ajr§mufwefqm rsm;jzihf wihfw,fpGm wefqmqifvsuf wD;rIwf zG,f&m wl&d,mrsKd;pHk wD;cwfapvsuf Adkvfyg taygif;NcH&Hum vufaqmifawmfudk ydkYornf [k rdrdykdifqdkifaom EkdifiHawmfe,fpyfa&muf atmif BuD ; pG m aomtcrf ; tem;jzih f oG m ; a&mufydkYaqmifonf/ xdkYaemuf wrefawmftrwftm;]tarmifig\ rdwfaqGoli,fcsif; taqG a wmf yuú K omwd r if ; onf þvuf aqmifawmfudk vufcHaomtcg armif;rrdóH wd k Y t v,f ü vuf r cH b J jymóm'f x uf o d k Y wufa&mufívufcaH pcsiyf gonf} [k twGi;f pum; EIwfjzihf rSmMum;ay;tyfvkdufonf/ þodkY trSmpum;rdefYMum;ay;tyfNyD; vQif rif;BuD;onf]jrwf p G m bk & m;&S i f o nf ypö E Å & mZf t&yfodkY <uawmfrlav\} [k atmufarhum wnfjcif;ig;yg;jzihf &Sdcdk;um EkdifiHawmfNrdKUodkY jyefvmcJhonf/ yuúKomwdrif;onf xdt k rSmpum;udk Mum;od&NyD;aemuf vufaqmifawmfESihftwl wuG vma&mufMuolrsm;twGuf jyKvkyfpDrH zG,ftoG,foG,faom udpörsm;udk jynhfpHkatmif

pDrHcefYcGJNyD;vQif vufaqmifawmfudk udk,fwdkif yif ,laqmifí jymom'fxufodkYwufum]þjymom'ftwGif;odkY wpfpHkwpfOD;rQ r0ifap&} [k wHcg;ü tapmihfae&mrsm;csxm; NyD;vQif jcaohFcHaom avomeef;jywif;ayguf udk zGihfvSpfí vufaqmifawmfudk jrifhaom ae&mü xm;vsuf rdrdrSmrl edrfhaomae&mü xdkifum rif;\wHqdyfudkcGmonf/ twG i f ; ü tqH k ; eH Y o mES p f M uKwf u d k jrifawGU&vQif ]þtaqmifta,mifum; BuD;us,f vS \ ? þtaqmif t a,mif o nf tjcm; avmuDtaqmifta,mifjzpfayvdrrfh nfr[kwf {uefyif rZÑdra'oü Mum;em&ef oihfavsmf aom &wemwrsKd;rsKd; ay:xGef;onfjzpfvdrfh rnf} [k trSeftwdkif;yif BuHpnfpOf;pm;rdav onf/ xdkYaemufrS eHYomESpfMuKwfudk zGihfí rif;wHqdyfudk cGmaomf tvGefEl;nHhaom urÁ vmtpG e f ; ES p f b uf r S ud k i f u m tomt,m ajzMunhfaomf a&Tjym;tvdyfudk awGU&avonf xdka&Tjym;tvdyfudk jzefYumMunhf½I onf&adS omf tHt h m;oihNf y;D tu©&mpmvH;k wdu Yk m; ES p f o uf z G , f & S d u k e f p G w um;? nD ñ G w f a om tu©&m pmvHk;OD;xdyf&SdukefpGwum;? nDñTwf aom tpOftwef; &SdukefpGwum;? av;axmihf pyfpyf rsOf;cwfouJhodkY &SdukefpGwum;} [k tHhMojcif;jzpfum tprSpí wpfvHk;rusefzwf avonf/ ]þavmuü jrwf p G m bk & m;ocif onf ay:xGef;vmNyD...tp&Sdaom bk&m;&Sif \ *kPfaus;Zl;awmfwdkYudk zwf&pOfyif rif;BuD; \ oEÅmefü ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufjcif;jzpfay:NyD; arT;n§if;wGif;aygif; (99000)wdkYrS arG;n§if;wdkY onf tzsm;xufodkY axmifwufMuonf/ rdrd onf &yfaeoavm? xdkifaeoavm[k rodEkdif avmufatmifjzpfavonf/ ]atmf igonf r[murÇ m aygif ; uka#wpfodef;wdkY vGefaomfvnf; Mum;emzdkY&ef &&Sd&ef cJ,Of;pGmvSaom bk&m; &wemESihf pyfrd


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

10

"r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/

aom owif;pum;udk ig\rdwfaqG oli,fcsif; Adro Ád m&rif;udk trSjD yKí Mum;emcGi&fh &Sad vonf} [kqufí BupH nfqifjcifum rif;Bu;D \ oEÅ m ef ü qxuf x rf ; yd k ; wd k ; íwd k ; í tm;BuD;aom tm;BuD;aom ESpfoufjcif;jzpf ay:avonf/ rif;BuD;onf qufvufí zwf½I&ef rpGrf;Ekdifao;bJ yDwd t[kefNidrf;at;onhfwdkif atmif xdkifpOf;pm;aeNyD;rS w&m;*kPfawmfudk qufvufzwfrdavonf/ w&m;*kPfawmfzwfpOf bk&m;*kPf awmfzwfpOfuuJhodkYyif BuD;pGmaom ESpfouf jcif;? 0rf;ajrmufjcif;udk jzpfay:cHpm;rdavonf/ xdk yDwt d [keNf ird ;f Ny;D rS wpfzef oHCm awmf*kPfudk qufvufzwfjyef&m rif;BuD;\ oEÅmef0,f a&S;enf;wl ESpfouf0rf;ajrmufjcif; yDwd t[kefwdkYjzpfay:cHpm;&onf/ xdkYaemuf a&To0PfvTmwGifygaom aemufq;kH tmemygeówd ur®|mef;taMumif; udk zwf½Ií ESvHk;oGif;rdaomtcg ½lyg0p&psmef orm"dudk &&Sdavonf/ rif ; BuD ; onf psmef c srf ; omjzih f y if tcsd e f u k e f v G e f a pNyD ; tjcm;rnf o l wpf O D ; wpfa,mufrQ zl;arQmfcGihfr&? tvkyftauR; wpfOD;om 0ifcGihfxGufcGihf&avonf/ þenf;jzihf v0uf(15)&ufcefY tcsed f uk e f o G m ;avonf / Nrd K Uol Nrd K Uom;wd k Y o nf rif;&ifjyifü pka0;Muí]vufaqmifawmfudk vufcHonfhaeY rSpí rif;BuD;onf AdkvfygMunhf½Ijcif; Adkvf½IcH jcif;? uacsonfrsm; Munhf½Ijcif;? tvsif;yif r&S d y gacs/ w&m;tqH k ; tjzwf a y;jcif ; onf tvsif;yifr&Sdacs? jynhf&Sifrif;BuD;onf taqG awmfAdrdÁom&rif;u ay;ydkYvdkufaom vuf aqmif yPÖmawmfjyvdkaomoltm; jyapcsifyg onf/ rif;wdkYrnfonf tcsKdUaom jynfaxmif zufrif;tm; vufaqmifyPÖmjzihf jzm;a,mif; &m wdkif;jynfudk rdrdwdkif;jynfjzpfatmif jyKvkyf wwfMuygonf/ igwd\ Yk rif;Bu;D onf tb,fuhJ odYk jyKvyk af eygoenf;} [k a<u;aMumf atmf[pf Muukefonf/ rif;BuD;onf a<u;aMumfatmf[pfoH udk Mum;&vQif]igonf jynf \ tpD ; tyG m ;ud k wnfaxmif&tHhavm? odkYr[kwf bk&m;&Sif\ tqHk;trMo0g'udk wnfaxmif&tHhavm} [k BuHpnfrdavonf/ ]wdkif;jynf tkyfcsKyf rif;vkyfcJhaom udk,ftjzpfrnfonfudk *Pef;ocsFmwwfaom

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xd k Y a emuf rif ; BuD ; onf tvk y f tauR; rif;csif;udk apvTwfí aps;twGif;rS zef&nfpeG ;f aomt0wfEpS x f nfEiS fh ajrcGuw f u Ykd kd 0,fjcrf;,laqmifapNyD;vQif]avmuü ylaZmftxl;udk cHawmf rlxu kd af om bk&m;&Siw f u Ykd kd &nfp;l í uREykf o f nf &[ef ; jyKjcif ; jzpf y g\}[k EI w f ` rG w f q d k u m bk&m;&Sifudk &nfpl;í zef&nfpGef;aom t0wf wpfxnfudk 0wf½HkNyD; oydwfcGufudk vuf0J ykcHk;pGef;ü csdwfqGJvG,faqmifí awmifa0S;udk qGJudkifNyD; vQif ]ig\ &[ef;tjzpfonf wihfw,f\ avm? rwihfw,f\avm} [k eef;jymom'f tjyifü ESpfacgufoHk;acguf pBuøavQmufí]ig\ &[ef;tjzpfonf wifhw,fvS ay\}[k 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfum 0if;wHcg; ud k z G i h f í jymom'f r S qif ; ouf a wmf r l c J h avonf/ usrf;ñTef;- r[mAk'¨0ifusrf; (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

xm;aom- ]]ypöKyeÜ u f r®0g' Ak'b ¨ momvrf;ñTe}f } tygt0if pmtkyfaygif; (60) ausmf&Sdonf/ þpmtkyrf sm;udk zwfro d l vli,frsm; todÓPf r<u,fí trSm;trSefudk ra0zefwwfolrsm;Ak'¨bmom\ tESpfom&udk ususeerodaom a,mif0g;0g; Ak'¨bmomrsm; vGJrSm;aom0g'udk (t"r®0g') udk pGJoGm;Edkifayonf/ Oya'udk csdK;azmufolrsm; vlrIa&; ½Iyaf xG;rIrsm; Bu;D xGm;vmEdik o f nf/ aemufb0udk vufrcH? tyg,fi&Jqdkwmr&Sd? ew¬du 'd|d t,lrmS ;Bu;D pGNJ io d mG ;ojzihf rnfonht f ukov kd f 'kp½dkufrIudkrqdk vuf&J? Zuf&J? yg;pyf&J jyKvkyf vmMuayawmhrnf/ r&Sdíaumif;wmvnf;&Sdygonf/ ]r&Sd jcif;} onfyif aus;Zl;jyKwwfaMumif;udk Ak'b ¨ &k m;

u y|mef;a'oemawmfBuD;wGif ]ew¬dypöa,m} jzihf a[mawmfrlcJhonf/ Oyrm= aea&mifr&Sd jcif;onf njzpfapouJo h Ykd qDr;D xGe;f n§v d u dk jf cif; (rD;cvkwfudk zGifhvkdufjcif;) onf ntarSmif aysmufum tvif;a&mufapjcif;jzihf (r&Sdjcif; jzihf) aus;Zl;jyKayonf/ odkYaomf]]r&Sd- r&Sd- r&Sd} qdkaom t"r®0g' tawG;tac:rsm; jyefYESHvmavvQif rSefuef aom tawG;tjrifrsm; rMunfvifawmhbJ aemufusL&Da0 rSm;,Gif;azmufjyef tawG; tac:t,l r S m ;awG us,f y G m ;jyef Y u m;rvm atmif omoemhrmruwkdif; wm;qD;MuzdkYvdkNyD; jzpfaMumif; armif;xkvkduf&ygownf;/ t&S i f Z ed E ´ o m& (o'¨ r ® a Zmwd u "Z) rH k & G m aeZm

pmrsuf E S m 8 rS pmroif? ayrMum;? w&m;tm;rxkwf? jrwfpGm bk&m;\omoemawmfüvnf; tvkyf wpfpkH wpf&mrQrvkyfbJaevQif bk&m;yGihf&m acwf? tqkH;trw&m;xGef;um;&macwf? vltjzpf? &[ef ; tjzpf & &S d a omacwf w nf ; [l a om tcG i f h t cgaumif ; BuD ; xJ ü usa&muf ae&ygvsuf oH o &m0#f q if ; &J taygif ; rS vGwfajrmufcGifhr&cJhol b0ESihftmywf- tjypf rsm;aMumif h tyg,f v m;Mu&rnf q k d a om

]wdkYavmufrkdufaom owå0gum; þavmuü r&SdawmhEkdif} [k tawG;tBuHrsm; jzpfay: vmum t&Sifb'´d,tay: tawG;tBuHESihf jypfrSm;rdaom &[ef;wdkYonf aemifwçoHa0* &&Sdawmf rlMuvsuf 0dyóemur®|mef;w&m;ukd usifhBuH tm;xkwfí aeawmfrlMuavownf;/ &S i f Ó P (zsmyk H ) usrf ; uk d ; 1/ rZÑdryPÖmoygVdawmf? &mZ0*f/ 2/ £wd0kwfygVdawmf? oHCm#duPÖokwf/


DHAMMA DEW "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrI y"meukdy,fí tukokdvfuif;aom &SifoefrItwGufjzpfonf/

11

0gqkd0guyfjcif;ESifh pyfvsOf;orQ cif a rmif r k d ; (awmif B uD ; ) 0gqdjk cif;0guyfjcif;qdo k nfrmS 0gwGi;f umvoH;k vywfv;kH &[ef; oHCmawmfwYkd tjcm;t&yfwpfyg;odYk nOft h yd n f Ohaf eroGm;yg[k t"d|mefjyK &Gwfqdkí rdrdwdkYoDwif;oHk;&mausmif;üaeonfudk 0gqdk0guyfjcif;[k ac:qdkygonf/ jrefrmwdkY\ &moDwpfq,hhfESpfvwGif u&uwf&moD pwkw¬ ajrmufvudk 0gqdkv[kac:ygonf/ jrefrma0g[m&ü ]]0g}} [laom pum;onf? ]]0ó}} [laom rm*"bmomudk tajccHí jzpfay: vmaompum;jzpfygonf/ 0óo'´ g rS j zpf v maom ]]0g}} ,if; ]]0ó}} qdkonfum; rdk;? rdk;v? rdk;umv[k teufxGufyg onf/ xdk ]]0ó}} rS ]]0of}}? ]]0of}} rS ]]0g}} [k qihu f jJ zpfay:í jrefrmpum; a0g[m& ]]0g}} jzpfvmygonf/ 0gqd k 0 guyf a 0g[m& &[ef;oHCmawmfwdkYonf jrwfpGmbk&m;ynwfawmfrlaom 0denf;awmft& xdv k ? xd&k moD? xdu k mvü ]]0óH- 0god?Yk Oayrd- uyfcykd g \}} [k t"d|mefjyK&Gwfqdkí? xdk0gwGif;oHk;vywfvHk; nOfhtdyfnOhfae rnfonht f &yfXmeodrYk QroGm;yJ? rdro d w D if;oH;k &mausmif;ü ]]0gwGi;f oH;k v ywfvHk; uyfcdkyg\}}/ ]]þ0gwGif;ü b,fudkrQroGm;yJ tNrJuyfaeyg\? cdkaeyg\}} [k EIwfjzihf t"d|mefjyK &GwfqdkaMujimí 0gqdk0guyfawmf rlMuav\/ 0óHOayrd (0ó Oy*w) ygVdyk'fudkrSDí ]]0guyf}} [laom jrefrma0g[m&jzpfay:vm\/ xdk ]]0guyf}} jcif;udk EIwjf zih&f w G q f jkd cif;tm; jzihf NyD;ajrmufaponfjzpfaomaMumifh? ]]0gqdk}} [laom t"dyÜm,fwl a0g[m&pum; wpfqihfwdk; jzpfay:vmonf[kvnf; ynm&Sdrsm;qdkMu onf/ 0gqd k v qd k o nf r S m xdkrSonf jrefrmjyu©'defwpfq,hfESpfvrS pwkw¬ajrmufvwGif &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; 0denf;awmft& 0gqdkMu&aomvjzpfí? xdkvudk ]]0gqdkv}} [kvnf; ac:Muonf/ xdk0gwGif;oHk;vrS tv,faumifvudk ]]0gaumifv}}? xdkrSwqihf ]]0gacgifv}} [k a0g[m&jzpfvmjyefonf/ 0denf;a'oemawmfEiS t hf nDjzpfay:vmaom taMumif;w&m; wdkYtay: wnfrSDí? 0gqdk0guyfa0g[m&pum;wdkYrSwqihf ESD;EG,fum? 0gyef? 0gusdK;? 0g;ysuf ponfhpum;rsm;vnf; qifhyGm;xGufay:vmonf/ rdrdudk,fwdkifEIwfjzihf t"d|mefjyKumqdkcJhaom 0gudkzsufu 0gysuf\/ 0gjywf\/ 0gusd K ;onf ? 0gjywf o nf &[ef;awmfwo Ykd nf 0gwGi;f ü rdr0d gqd&k mausmif;rS tjcm;t&yf wpfyg;odYk nOft h yd n f Ofah eoGm;vdak omf ckepf&uftwGi;f ausmif;odjYk yefvm ygrnf[k t"d|mefjyK &Gwq f akd vQmufxm;onfukd 0gyefonf[ak c:ygonf/ xdkuJhodkY 0gyefí tjcm;t&yfodkYoGm;&mrS rdrd0gqdk&mausmif;odkY ckepf&uf twGif; jyefra&mufvmygu 0gusdK;onf? 0gjywfonf? 0gysufonf[k qdyk gonf/

wpfenf;tm;jzihf ajym&ygvQif? ckepf&uf0gyefí tcsdefrDjyef ra&mufu 0gryefyJ ausmif;tyü t½kPfwufu 0gusdK;\? 0gysuf\/ 0gysufudk ygVdbmomü ]]0óapä'}} [k oHk;EIef;\/ 0gusdK;udk ]]&wådapä'}} [k oH;k EIe;f \/ t"d|mefjyK EIwjf zihq f x kd m;aom0gudk jzwfjcif;? zsuq f ;D jcif;/ yefxm;aom0gyef&ufudk jzwfjcif;? zsufjcif;[k t"dyÜm,f&onf/ 0gysuf ? 0gjywf j cif ; jrefrmq&mawmfBuD;wdkYu ]]0óapä'}} udk 0gysuf? 0gjywf/ ]]&wåad pä'}} udk 0gudsK;[k a0g[m&xGiu f m oH;k EIe;f í? ,ckwiG u f s,af ejcif; jzpfonf[k qdkMuygonf/ 0gysuf j cif ; taMumif ; (32) yg; om;&Jab;? a>rab;? cdk;om;"m;jyab;? bDvl;obufab;? qGr;f rjynhpf jkH cif;? aq;rjynfph jkH cif;/ rdrEd iS o fh yÜm,jzpfaom qGr;f ? aq;r& jcif;/ y#d½lyjzpfaom 'umOyoum tvkyftauR;r&jcif;? jA[®p&d, tEÅ&m,frsdK; (9) yg;? t&yfwpfyg;ü oHCmuGJjym;&ef tm;xkwfrIudk od&jcif; ponfwdkYjzpfygonf/ þtaMumif; (32) yg;&Sdygu qdkNyD;0gudkzsufí t&yfwpfyg;odkY ajymif;a&GU&m\/ qdkNyD;0gum; ysufawmhonf/ þudk&nfí ]]oHk;q,hfESpf om? ygVdvm? 0gjywftaMumif;wnf;}} [k 0de,oHcdyfu qdkygonf/ 0gysuf 0gjywf t aMumif ; 0gqdrk nhaf eYwiG f xdt k aMumif;rsm;&Sad eygu 0grqdyk J aeaumif; \/ tjcm;odYk ajymif;a&TUoGm;yguvnf; 'kw, d 0grDvQif 'kw, d 0gqd&k rnf jzpfonf/ xdt k &yfü ,ciftaMumif;rsm;&Sjd yefu 0gqd&k efrvd/k taMumif; r&SdyJ 0grqdkygu 'kuú#ftmywfoifhonf/ þum; 0gysuf (0gjywf) taMumif;jzpfav\/ 0gyef j cif ; taMumif ; 0gqdkaomausmif;rS wjcm;t&yfodkYoGm;cGifhyefMum;jcif;udk ]]0gyef}} jcif;[kqdk\/ xdk0gyefjcif;um;(1) rdb? oDwif;oH;k azmfw\ Ykd ta&;Bu;D aomudpt ö wGujf zpfu ryihfaomfvnf; ]]0gyef}} íoGm;cGihf&Sd\/ (2) tjcm;olwt Ykd wGurf l yihrf o S m ]]0gyef}} oGm;cGi&hf \ dS / yifah om tcg 'gejyKjcif;iSm? w&m;emjcif;iSm? zl;awGUjcif;iSm tvdk&Sdyg\[k avQmufxm;yihf&rnf/ (1) 'geH 'gwH/k (2) "r®aomwH/k (3) bduK© yódwkH (tm,orEÅH yódwHk) þ ]]wHk}} oHk;csufjzihf yifhrSom 0gyefEdkif\/ &[ef ; rsm;0gyef y H k (1) (u) taEÅ m owå m a[? y#d e d 0 awå ó mrd (c) owåm[AÇEÅa&? tm*rdomrd/ jrwfpGmbk&m; (½kyfyGm;awmf) a&SUü oHk;acgufqdk&\/ (2) tuREykf o f nf ckepf&uftwGi;f jyefvmygrnf/ jrefrmbmom jzihfvnf; qdk&\/ (3) EIwfjzihfrqdkyJ xdkt"dyÜm,fudk ESvHk;oGif;vQifvnf;&\/ pmrsuf E S m 14 ok d Y


DHAMMA DEW

12

"r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/

Ak'¨jrwfpGm 0gqdkawmfpOf vuFmBuD;ESihf 0guyf&mXmersm; oD w mOD ; (jref r mpm) wufxGef;usufoa&? oHk;vlYaqGum;? atmifajroD&d? aAm"d orDy? &yfXmeü? ESpfvrSefu,f? &ufajcmufq,fjzihf? oyÜm,frQw? aeNyD;rSvQif? (1) yXr0g? Am&mPoD? NrdKifawmrSD\/ (2+3+4) aemufcsD 'kw, d ? wwd,ESifh pwkw0¬ g? jynf&mZN*Kd [?f 0g;ndKausmif;vS? 0guyfrQ\/ (5) yÍör0g? jynfa0omvD? vdpä0Drif;aygif;? aqmufwHka&Smif;onf? ausmif;r[m0ef/ (6) wwefq|? rukvawmifrSm? (7) ckepf0gaomf? wm0wd Homa&muf/ (8) ajrmufwHk&Spf0g? b*¾g,e/ (9) udk;0gusaomf? Xmeyl&D? aumorÁDü? aCmoDwm½Hk? a&TbHkrSDuyf? (10) q,f0g&yfum;? rvQyo f yd o f nf;? yvvnf;omarm? qifrif;awm0,f? &Siaf pmrDu S m/ (11) q,fhwpf0gum;? emVmxif&Sm;? ykPÖm;aex? &yf*grwnhf/ (12) 'Gm'o ,SOf? a0&ÍÆac:/ (13) q,hfoHk;aomfum;? awmifausmfomvS? pmvD,ü? uyfxNy;D um/ (14) q,fah v;0gwGi?f om0w¬ad wmifpeG ?f aZw0efxif&mS ;? &Tifaysmfyg;\/ (15) q,hfig;0grS? uydvwGif? pdrf;jr&dyfom? Edkaj*m"m[k? ausmif;ompHajrmuf/ (16) q,haf jcmuf0gqD? tmV0D[?k yl&zD ufr?hJ aysmpf H cJh\/ (17) q,hfckepf0g? xdkaomcgvQif? &mZN*dK[fXme? omvSAdrmef? ewfXmefwlavsm? 0g;awmndKvJh? atmifyGJzGJU\/ (18-19) wpfq,hf&Spf0g? q,hfudk;0gü? pmvd,a&muf? 0gqdkajrmuf\/ (20) y,fazsmuf&efuGm? ESpq f ,f0gum;? &mZN*Kd [v f nf;aumif;? a&mufjyefa&Smif;\/ ESpaf ygif;0Do? yXraAm"d? rkedjrwfpGm? 0gqdkygvnf;? NrJpGmr&Sd? aemufaAm"dum;/ (2144) om0w¬drSm? ykAÁm½HkrGef? aZw0ef[k? ESpfwefausmif;rSm? vl;vmra0;? ESpfq,hfav;0g? aeNyD;umrS/ (45) edAÁmeodkY? <utHvkvk? 0gwpfckum;? a0VK0&Gm? uyfrv DS m\/ ocsmF rSwo f m;? q,hif g;Xme? yÍöpwåm? 0gav;q,hf ig;? oufum;&Spfq,f? wdkifcg0,fü? bkef;<u,fxGwfacgif? acrmaomif odkY? a&Tazmfawmf,Gef;? pHodrf;jref;onf? oHk;cef;vlwdkY rSefulwnf;/ (orEÅpu©K'DyeD? 'kwd,wGJ? 374) jrwf p G m bk & m;ocif 0guyf a wmf r l & mXmersm; (1) Am&mPoD rd*'g0keaf wm (yXr0g) (2) &mZN*dK[f a0VK0efausmif; ('kwd,0g) (3-4) &mZN*dK[f a0VK0efausmif; (wwd,0g? pwkw0¬ g) (5) a0omvDr[m0kef (yÍör0g) (6) rukvawmif? cs,m;awm (qXr0g) (7) wm0wd Hom (owår0g) (8) oHokrm&*D&d? yJpif;cHkawm (t|r0g) (9) aumorÁDjynf aCmodwm½Hk (e0r0g) (10) ygvdav,s (yvvJ) awm ('or0g) (11) eVykPÖm;&Gmausmif; ({um'or0g) (12) a0&ÍÆmjynf ('Gm'or0g) (13) pmvD,awmif (pmvD,jynf) (aw&or0g) (14) om0w¬djynf aZw0efausmif; (pk'´or0g) (15) uydv0wfjynf edaj*m"m½Hkausmif; (yEé&or0g) (16) tmV0Djynf t*¾gV0ewfuGef; (aomVor0g)

(17) &mZN*dK[f a0VK0efausmif; (18-19) pmvD,awmif

(owå&or0g) (t|m&or {ule0Dowdr0g) (0Dowdr0g) ({u0Dowdr0grS pwk pwåmvDor0gxd) (yÍöpwåmvDor0g)

(20) &mZN*dK[f a0VK0efausmif; (21-44) om0w¬jd ynf 21 0grS 44 0gtxd ykAÁm½HkESihf aZw0efausmif; (45) a0omvD a0VK0&Gmü 0gqdkawmfrlí y&dedAÁmefpHawmfrlonf/ (r[mAk'¨0if? wwd,wGJ? 160-163) tvG , f r S w f & ef aqmif y k ' f v uF m Am-&m-a0-r-wm-oH - aum-y ES i h f ema0-pm-om-u-tm-a0VK {uf'GmAsnf;u aomVo csavpOfurm q,hfcGefESpfq,f þESpfoG,f &m0,fwdk;vkdufyg q,hf&Spfq,hfudk; pmüwdk; rSwfd½dk;xyfqihfom omrSmwdk;Mu {u0Do Z,Z,yg a0VK&Gmum; av;q,hfig; rSwfom;aemufqHk;yg rkedocif 0gawmpOf &yfcGifq,hfig;jzm/ jynf & G m ausmif ; 0gpOf Am Am&mPoD rd*'g0kef 1 &m &mZN*dK[f a0VK0ef 2 (3-4) (17-20) a0 a0omvD r[m0kef 5 r rukvawmif cs,m;awm 6 wm wm0wd Hom 7 oH oHokrm&*D&d yJpif;cHkawm 8 aum aumorÁD aCmodwm½Hk 9 y yvvJawm 10 em emVykPÖm;&Gm 11 a0 a0&Ímö 12 pm pmvd,jynf pmvd,awmif 13 (18-19) om om0w¬d aZw0ef^ykAÁm½Hk 14 (21-44) u uydv0wf edaj*m"m½Hk 15 tm tmV0D t*¾gV0ewfueG ;f 16 a0VK a0omvD a0VK0&Gm aemufq;kH 45 0gajrmuf jrwf p G m bk & m; ypö E Å d r Zeyk ' f ü 0gqd k a wmf r rl Ak ' ¨ g ye ypö E Å d a rok Zeya'ok et½k P H O|ayEÅ d bk&m;&SifwdkYonf rZÑdra'o\ tpGeftzsm;jyify Zeyk'fwdkYü t½kPfrwwfapukef/ tmeE´ a oG ok e my&aEÅ ? 0gPd Z *gar yd @ , p&d ó mr (Oy&dyPÖmo? t|uxm 237) teE´m? eHeufjzef okemy&EÅwdkif; ukefonf&Gmü qGrf;cHoGm;ukeftHh/ pmrsuf E S m 14 ok d Y


DHAMMA TALKS "r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

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DHAMMA TALKS

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aomAka'¨g= "r®pMum? a'oemudk? jA[®mvlewf? rltjrwfjzihf? ,lrSwfap &m? a[mMum;ygonhf? r[mok*w? twkvxGwfxm;? wdkY&Sifawmfjrwf bk&m;onf? artrSmuH= "r®pMum? csdeftcg[k? r*FvmyGJ? qifETJjyKvkyf? tuREfkyfwdkY\ oDoau= jrwf&mxm;wif? OD;xdyfjyifü Xmwk= umr0#faAG? u&GwfacGrS? uRwfapvGwfap? pdwfawmftaejzihf? ajcawmfpykH ef;? <ucsjD ref;í? wef;wef;rwfrwf? wef&Y yfwnfaeawmfrv l n S fh yg? te*¢t&Si?f pMumhocif? w&m;pMum&Si?f ud, k af wmfjrwfBu;D bk&m;../ 0gqd k v jynh f "r® p Mumtcgawmf a eY 0gqdkvjynhfaeYudk "r®pMumtcgawmfaeYtxdrf;trSwfaeYxl; aeYjrwftjzpf qif,ifusif;yMu&jcif;rSm? xdk0gqdkvjynhfaeYü "r®pMum w&m;awmfudk jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif a[m>rufawmfrlonfudk taMumif;jyK í qif,ifusif;yjcif;jzpfygonf/ "r®pMumw&m;awmfukd jrwfpmG bk&m;ocifonf? taemufrZÑrd tdE´d,EdkifiH? Am&mPoDjynf? rd*'g0kefawmü? r[mouú&mZf 103 ck? 0gqdv k jynhaf eY? ae0ifvxGucf sed rf pS wifí? yÍö0*fig;OD;wdt Yk m;? rdr\ d bk&m; tjzpfudk 0efcHaMunmaomtm;jzihf a[mMum;awmfrlygonf/ "r®pMumw&m;awmfonf yd#uwf0denf;r[m0gygVdawmf ]]yÍö 0*¾d,uxm}} trnfjzihf vm&Sdygonf/ y#dorÇd'gr*¾ygVdawmfü ]]"r®puú y0wåe0g&}} trnfjzihf vm&Syd gonf/ tvm;wl r[m0*¾o, H w k yf gVdawmf ü ]]"r®puúyÜ0weokwå}} trnfjzihf vm&Sdygonf/ "r®puúy0Ü wåe\ teufrmS ? w&m;wnf;[laom todÓPfpuf udk jzpfapvnfapawmfrljcif;[k t"dyÜm,fxGufygonf/ ("r®puú= w&m;puf+ y0wåe= jzpfapvnfapjcif;)/ "r®puúw&m;awmfonf t&d,opömav;yg;udk ñTef;qdkazmfjy a[mMum;awmfral om a'oemjzpfí? wdy#uwnf;[laom yd#uwfo;kH yHk \ tESpfcsKyfw&m;[kvnf; qdkxdkufygonf/ "r®pMumw&m;awmfukd pdppfo;kH oyfMunh½f yI gvQi?f vrf;pOfvrf; rSm; tpGef;w&m;ESpfyg;udk a&SmifMuOfí? rZÑdry#dy'g[laom tpGef;vGwf vrf;pOftrSeu f kd usio fh ;kH azmfaqmifEidk &f eftwGu?f t&d,opömav;yg;udk em;vnfodjrifoabmaygufajrmufap&ef OD;wnfa[mMum;awmfrlaom a'oemawmfjzpfygaomaMumihf Ak'¨0g'"r®w&m;\ wduscdkifrmaom oabmw&m;jzpfonfujkd ywfjywfxifxif awGUjrifEidk Mf urnfjzpfygonf/ "r®pMuma'oemawmfukd þuJhodkY wduscdkifrmtESpfom&&Sd onhf w&m;awmfjzpfonfESihftnD urÇmwpf0ef;vHk;&Sd Ak'¨bmom0if olawmfpiftaygif;wdkYonf? xdk"r®pMuma'oemawmfa[mMum;awmfrlcJh onhf umvESpfaygif; 2599 ESpfMum&SdcJhNyDjzpfaom ,aeYumvtxdwdkif atmif? ¤if;"r®pMuma'oemawmfudk txl;qihfyGm;tm½Hkpdkufí &GwfyGm; o&ZÑm,fMu½HkrQru? "r®pMumokwfawmfvm y#dywfusihfpOfw&m;rsm;udk txl;tav;xm;vsuf yGm;rsm;tm;xkwu f siafh qmifaeMuonfukd awGUjrif aeMu&ygonf/ jrefrmEkdifiH tNrdKUNrdKUt&Gm&Gmae&ma'owkdif;vdkvdkwGif vnf; "r®pMumtoif;rsm; zGJUpnf;Muí omoemjyKvkyfief;rsm;tjzpf w&m;"r®jyefyY mG ;atmif &Guaf qmifaeMuonfuv kd nf; awGUjrif&ygonf/ 0gqd k u &uwf vjyom'f wnf h r wf t momV§ D 0gqdkvonf jrefrmwdkY\ jyu©'defvrsm;wGif pwkw¬ajrmufv jzpfí aEGOwkESihf rdk;Owk[laom OwkESpfrsdK;pvHk;üyg0ifaomvjzpfonf/ &mODtm;jzihf aEGwpfydkif;rdk;wpfydkif; a&maESmaeaom&moDjzpfí vGefcJh

15

onhf uqke?f e,kev f rsm;uJo h Ykd tyl&edS jf yif;xefjcif;r&Sad wmh&um;? xdv k ü &GmoGef;aomrdk;onf tvGefat;jr\/ awmifajcawmwef;wpfavQmuf azG;azG;jzLatmif yGifhaeMu onhf rdausmif;yef;rsm;aMumihf ]]0gqdkvajymif;? rdausmif;azG;azG;? rdk;at; at;}} [k a&S;awmifolBuD;wdkYu rSwfwrf;jyKcJhMuayonf/ ]]0gqdk0gacgif a&azmifazmifESihf? &Gmawmifuacsmif;}} [laom a&S;tdkifcsif;tqdkESihftnD 0gqdkvwGif onf;xefpGm&GmoGef;aeaomrdk; aMumihf jrefrmEkdifiHtESHY&Sd jrpf? acsmif;? tif;? tdkifrsm;? a&avSmifuefrsm; a&jynhfvQHaeonfudk awGUjrifMu&\/ tmumoaumif;uifwpfciG w f pfjyifwiG f ndKraJ rSmifriId ;f aeaom rdk;om;wdrfvdyfBuD;rsm; tkyfpkzGJUum tqufrjywf a&GUvsm;aeonfjzpfí t&yf&SpfrsufESmwpfcGifvHk; rIefrdIif;tHkYqdkif;aeayonf/ oaE¨ a wmxG u f "r® p uf wpf c suf j ym#d [ m 0gqdkvjynhfaeYonfum; ]]oaE¨awmxGuf? "r®puf? wpfcsuf jym#d[m}} qdo k nht f wkid ;f ? oAÁnKwÓPf&iS jf rwfpmG bk&m;tavmif;awmf y#doaE¨,al wmfrjl cif;? awmxGuaf wmfrjl cif;? w&m;OD;"r®pufukd a[m>ruf awmfrljcif;? a&tpHkrD;tpHkESihf wefcdk;jym#d[m jyawmfrljcif;[lonhf Ak'¨ 0Hojzpfawmfjrwfü xl;jcm;onhf bmoma&;rSwfwdkifBuD;rsm; pdkufxlawmf rlcJhonhf aeYxl;aeYjrwfBuD;jzpfavonf/ 0gqd k v jynh f a eY \ xl ; jcm;csuf r sm; jrefrmh½dk;&m jyu©'deftcg&moD (12) v&Sdonhfteuf u&uwf &moD 0gqdv k jynhaf eY\ xl;jcm;csurf sm;udk woD;woefx Y w k í f pdppfMunhf ygu 0gqdkvjynhfaeYonf(1) a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m;avmif; y#doaE¨,laomaeYjzpfí xl;jcm;jcif;/ (2) a*gwrjrwfpmG bk&m;avmif; awmxGuaf wmfral omaeYjzpf í xl;jcm;jcif;/ (3) a*gwrjrwfpGmbk&m; "r®pMumw&m; pwifa[mawmfrl aom aeYjzpfí xl;jcm;jcif;/ (4) a&rD;tpHkpHkwdkYjzihf wefcdk;jym#d[m jyawmfrlaomaeYjzpfí xl;jcm;jcif;/ (5) bk&m;tjzpf 0efcH (aMunm) awmfrlaomaeYjzpfí xl;jcm; jcif;/ (6) w&m;&wem pwifay:aygufaomaeYjzpfí xl;jcm;jcif;/ (7) oHCm&wem pwifay:aygufaomaeYjzpfí xl;jcm;jcif;/ (8) ]]{[dbdu©K}} [laom pum;udk pwifMum;Mu&aomaeYjzpf í xl;jcm;jcif;/ þodaYk om 0daoovu©Pmrsm;aMumihf Ak'b ¨ mom0ifoal wmf pifwdkYonf þ0gqdkvjynhfaeYü 0gqdkouFef;awmfrsm; uyfvSLMuí ]]0gqdk vjynhf "r®pMumtcgawmfaeY}} udk qifETJusif;yMuygonf/ xdjYk yif? 0gqdv k jynhaf usmf (1) &ufaeYwiG f &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; onf yk&dr0g 0gqdk0guyfawmfrlMu&onf/ xdkYaMumihf Ak'¨bmom0ifrsm; tm;vHk;wdkYu þ0gqdkvudk vxl;vjrwftjzpf owfrSwfxm;Mujcif;jzpf ayonf/ 0d e nf ; awmf E S i h f t nD 0gqd k 0 guyf a wmf r l M ujcif ; yd#uwf0ed nf;r[m0g ygVdawmf 0ólyem,duu©Eu ¨ ü? &[ef; oHCmawmfrsm; 0gqdk0guyfawmfrlMu&jcif;udk ynwfawmfrlygonf/ Ak'¨ bmom&[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;onf þ0gqdkvjynhfawmf (1) &ufaeYü


COVER FEATURE

16

"r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/

rdrw d Ykd rSw D if;aexdik Mf urnhaf usmif;wGi?f jrwfpmG bk&m;&Si\ f (qif;wk½yk yf mG ; awmfjrwf) a&SUawmfarSmuf0,f ]],ck þausmif;ü þonhfrdk;wGif;umv oH;k vtwGi;f rSw D if;aexkid yf grnf}} (£rod® 0H [ d ma& £rH awrmoH 0óH Oayrd) [k EIwfjzihf &Gwfqdkí 0gqdk0guyfMu&onf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifvufxufawmfrSpí &[ef;oHCmrsm;onf jrwfpmG bk&m; ynwfawmfral om 0denf;awmft& 0gqd0k guyfcMhJ uonfukd pGJí? ,if;umv? ,if;v? ,if;&moD? ,if;Owkudk 0gqdkv? 0gwGif;umv? 0gqdk (rdk;) Owk ponfjzihf ac:a0:oHk;pGJcJhMuonf[k tqdk&Sdavonf/ azmfjyyg 0denf; r[m0gygVdawmf 0ólyem,duu©Eu ¨ ü? 0ól yem,du (0óly- 0ó= 0g+ Oyem,du= uyfa&mufjcif;) 0óly*w (0ó= 0g+Oy*w= uyfa&mufjcif;)[laomyk'fudk jrefrmbmom 0guyf jcif;? 0gqdkjcif;[k vnf;aumif;? 0óapä' (0ó=0g+ aq'= usdK;jywf jcif;) 0gjywf 0gusdK;jcif;[kvnf;aumif;? 0óyk'foufoufudk 0g[k vnf;aumif; jrefrmjyefqdkxm;onfwdkYudk yd#uwfpmaywdkYü rsm;pGm awGU&onf/ þü 0gqdk? 0guyf? 0gjywf? 0gusdK;? 0gyef? 0g0if? 0guRwf ponfwdkYü oHk;EIef;aom ]]0g}} wdkYonfvnf; teuft"dyÜm,ftwlwlyif jzpfMuonf/ xdkYaMumifh ]]0g}} [laom jrefrma0g[m&onf ygVdbmom ]]0ó}} yk'frS qif;oufvmaom a0g[m&jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;onf/ 0ó0go rd k ; tcgüaejcif ; ? rd k ; cd k j cif ; xdk ]]0ó}} yk'u f kd 0de,vuFm&#Dumü ]]aejcif;}} teuf&o dS nf [k jyqdkygonf/ om&w¬'DyeD#Dumürl ]]0ó}} yk'fonf? rdk;umv ponf udak [monhf 0óyk'f ½d;k ½d;k r[kw?f ]]0ó0go}} [k qkv d v kd su?f o'´genf; tm;jzihf ]]0go}} yk'fudk acsxm;azsmufxm;onhf ]]0ó}} ykk'frsdK;jzpfí ]]rdk;tcgüaejcif;}} (rdk;cdkjcif;) teuf&Sdonf[k zGifhqdkxm;ygonf/ rnfodkY qdkap ,if;#Dumrsm;\ zGifhqdkazmfjycsufteuft&qdkaomf? ¤if; ]]0g}} [laom ygVdouf jrefrma0g[m&onf ]]0ó}} [laom ygVdyk'frS qif;oufvmaom yk'fjzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;onf[k qdk&rnfjzpfygonf/ xd k Y j yif þvü oH C mawmf r sm; 0gqd k 0 guyf j yKMu&onh f taMumif;jzpf&yfudkaxmufaomf? ]]rdk;tcgumvüaejcif;}} qdkonfrSm? tjcm;aomv&moDumvrsm;ü aejcif;wdkYuJhodkY omrefaejcif;rsdK; r[kwf rlyJ? rdrdoDwif;oHk;&mausmif; (0gqdkacwf) rS tjcm;t&yfodkY 0gryefyJ nOfhtdyfnOfhaeroGm;&ojzihf? MuyfMuyfwnf;wnf; pnf;urf;wusae& jcif;jzpfaMumif; xif&Sm;ygonf/ odkYjzpfí 0gqdkvqdkonfum; ]]þrdk;oHk;vwmumvywfvHk; tjcm;t&yfodkY nOfhtdyfnOfhaeroGm;yJ? þausmif;üom rdk;cdkíaexdkifyg rnf}} [k &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; &Gwfqdk0gqdkMu&aomv[k t"dyÜm,f &aMumif; od&SdrSwfom;&ygonf/ 0gqd k y G J a wmf t aMumif ; þvþtcgor,ü 0gqdyk aJG wmfukd qif,ifusi;f yMuayonf/ 0gqdkyGJawmftrnfrSm þ0gqdkumvtcgor,ü qifETJjyKvkyfMuonhf jrefrmh½dk;&m bmoma&;,Ofaus;rIyGJawmfrsm;udk pkaygif;NyD; ac:a0:Mu aom trnfjzpfygonf/

xd0k gqdyk aJG wmfwiG f yg0ifaomyGrJ sm;rSm (1) &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; 0denf;awmft& jyKvkyfMu&onhf 0gqdkyGJ/ (2) vl'g,um? 'g,dumrwdkY u &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm;tm; 0gqdk0guyfawmfrlMu&mü toHk;jyKawmfrl EdkifMu&ef 0gqdkyef;ESihf 0gqdkouFef; uyfvSLyGJ/ (3) oufBuD;0gBuD; rdbbdk; bGm;rsm; uefawmhyGJ[lí qif,ifusif;yMuaomyGJawmfoHk;&yfwdkY jzpfMu onf/ xdyk aJG wmfrsm;teuf &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; 0denf;a'oemawmf t& 0gqdkawmfrlMu&onhf 0gqdkyGJrSm jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif oufawmfxif&Sm; &SdawmfrlpOfumvuwnf;u pOfqufrjywf usif;ycJhMu&aom yGJawmf jzpfonf/ &[ef;oHCmawmfrsm; 0gqdk0guyfjcif;wGif yk&dr0guyfjcif;ESifh ypädr0guyfjcif; ESpfrsdK;&Sdonf/ yHkrSeftm;jzihfqdkaomf 0gqdkvjynhfausmf (1) &ufaeYü yk&dr0gudk 0gqdk0guyfMuygonf/ taMumif;rnDñGwfí aemufusaom oHCmawmfwdkYonf 0gqdkvjynhfausmf (1) &ufaeYwGif ypärd 0gtjzpf 0gqd0k guyfawmfrMl uygonf/ yk&rd 0guyfaom&[ef;wdo Yk nf oDwif;uRwfvjynhfaeYwGif oHk;vjynhfí 0guRwfMuygonf/ ypädr 0guyfaom &[ef;wdkYum; wefaqmifrkef;vjynhfaeYrS oHk;vjynhfí 0guRwfMuygonf/ a&S;acwfu vlysdK? tysdKrsm;onf 0gqdkvjynhfaeYüjzpfap? vjynhfausmfwpf&ufaeYüjzpfap? 0gqdkvwGif zl;yGifhMuaom ykef;nufyef; paom yef;rsdK;pHkwdkYudk awmwef;awmifwef;rsm;rS cl;qGwfMuNyD; apwD ykx;kd rsm;üjzpfap? 0gqdo k C H mawmfrsm;xHüjzpfap qufuyfvLS 'gef;Muavh &Sdygonf/ oufBuD;0gBuD;? rdbbdk;bGm; ylaZmfuefawmhyGJrsm;udkrlum;? a&S ; jref r mrif ; rsm;vuf x uf a wmf u pí 0g0if 0 gxG u f wpf B ud r f p D ? wpfESpfvQif ESpfBudrfusif;yí ylaZmfuefawmhcJhMu½dk;&SdcJhMuaMumif; jrefrmh "avhxHk;wrf; *g&0r*Fvm? ylZmpr*Fvmw&m;awmfESihftnD usif;ycJhMu onfudk jyefvnfwrf;w wifjyvkduf&ygonf/ Nidrf;csrf;OD;


THE EXPLANATION OF THE NOBLE PRACTICE "r®0D&onf csrf;ajrhaysmf&TifrItwGuf jzpfap&onf/ aemuf a usmzk H ; rS

17

awmfro l nht f wkid ;f qif;&JtppftrSejf zpfaom ]]'kut © &d,m opömw&m;}} ('ku©opöm)ü opöÓPftm;jzihf xif&Sm;[kwfrSef razmufjyefEkdifaom w&m;onf ]]pu©K"r®? ÓP"r®? ynm"r®? 0dZÆm"r®? tmavmu"r®}} wnf;[laom "r®\ obm0taygif; (5)yg;? ]]'óe|twå? Ów|twå? yZm ee|twå? y#da0"|twå? Mobmoe|twå}} wnf ; [l a om owå0gwdkY pGJvef;xifrSwfrSm;Mu&aom? twå\ obm0taygif; (5)yg;? xd k t wå obm0wd k Y ü rpG J v ef ; rl í "r® \ obm0(5)yg;üomvQif qif j cif y d k i f ; jcm; yG m ;rsm;Mu&ef ? tusKd ; taMumif ; ES i h f w uG ? y0wdårsufarSmufü "r®puú\ vSnhf[efudk odem;vnfxm;&efvdk\/ y0wd å r suf a rS m uf ü "r® p uú v S n h f [ ef y0wdårsufarSmufü "r®puú\ vSnhf[efrSm þodkYjzpf\/ pu©K "r "r® jrif w wf a omw&m;/ ÓP"r® o d w wf a omw&m;? ynm"r ynm"r® 0d Z Æ m "r tmavmu"r rSwfwwf aomw&m;/ "r® cHpm;wwfaomw&m;/ tmavmu"r® tm½H k ü jzpf w wf y suf w wf a omw&m;wd k Y o nf xif & S m ;[k w f r S e f razmuf j yef E k d i f & S d a eMuojzih f xd k " r® \ obm0ud k tpd k ; &ouJ h o d k Y xifrSwfí tewåudk twå[kpGJvef;Mu&aom owå0gwdkY\ pu©Kyom'ü jrif & xif & jcif ; taMumif ; rS m Am[D & ü tvif ; wnf ; [l a om tmavmu"r® u d k &ojzih f rd r d \ pu© K yom'tMunf " mwf w G i f t&dyfta&mif ta&;taMumif; xifjcif;wnf;[laom tusKd;qufudk &ukef\/

jrwf p G m bk & m;tavmif ; awmf 0gqk d v jynf h a eY w G i f oaE¨ , l a wmf r l p Of

(3) qif;&JNidrf;&m csrf;omtppftrSefjzpfaom ]'ku©eda&m" t&d,opöm w&m;}} (ed a &m"opö m ) The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering. (Nirodha sacca-)

(4) qif;&JNird ;f &m a&mufaMumif;tusiv fh rf;aumif; tppftrSejf zpfaom ]]'ku©eda&m"*grded y#dy'g t&d,opömw&m;}} (r*¾opöm) The Noble Truth of the Path or the way leads to the cessation of suffering. (Magga sacca-) [lonfh ]t&d,opöm av;yg;}

rd * 'g0k e f a wm? "r® p Mumw&m;OD ; a[mawmf r l c J h o nf h ae&mwG i f

wdkYudk zGihfqdka[m`rGwfawmfrlcJhygonf/ wnf x m;aom rl v "r® p Mum½k y f y G m ;awmf "r® p uú y Ü 0 wå e ok w å e , y#d y gwf usih f p Of u m; xdkt&dyfta&mifwnf;[laom taMumif;udktpGJjyKí xdkxif þ"r®puúyÜ0wåeokwfawmfü jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif a[m`rGwf tyfaom t[D&0w¬K½kyfodkY rdrd\ tm½Hka&S;½Iajy;ojzihf? jrifjcif;wnf; [laom pu©K"r®\ tusKd;qufudk &ukef\/ wzef xdkpu©K"r®wnf;[l aom taMumif;udkpGJí xdkjriftyfaom 0w¬K½kyfü ÓP"r®wnf;[laom odjcif;tusK;d qufukd &uke\ f / xdo k jd cif;wnf;[laom ÓP"r®taMumif; udk pGJí xdkodtyfaom 0w¬K½kyfü tjym;tm;jzihf rSwf,lEkdifaom ynm "r®wnf;[laom tusKd;qufudk &ukef\/ xdktjym;tm;jzihf rSwf,ltyf aom ynm"r®wnf;[laom taMumif;udpk í JG tpOfcpH m;wwfaom 0dZÆm "r® w nf ; [l a om tusKd ; quf u k d & uk e f \ / tpOf c H p m;wwf a om 0dZÆm"r®wnf;[laom taMumif;udkpGJí? rdrd\ tm½Hkü xif&Sm;aom tvif;udk jzpfap ysufapwwfaom tmavmu"r®w nf ; [l a om tusKd;qufudk &ukef\/ þuJ h o d k Y v Qif pu© K "r® ? ÓP"r® ? ynm"r® ? 0d Z Æ m "r® ? tavmif ; awmf od ' ¨ w ¦ r if ; om; 0gqk d v jynf h a eY w G i f awmxG u f a wmf r l p Of tmavmu"r®wdkY tusKd;taMumif;ESihfwuG qufpyfí jzpfMuukef\/


THE EXPLANATION OF THE NOBLE PRACTICE

18

"r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

vk r Ç d e D rd * 'g0k e f a wm? "r® p Mumw&m;OD ; a[mawmf r l c J h o nf h ae&mwG i f wnf x m;aom "ar® c apwD a wmf

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THE PRAISEWORTHINESS "r®0D&onf t&G,foHk;yg;vlom;tm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

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19

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THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON NIYA MA DIPANI

20

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Maha-thera Ledi- Saya-daw, TRANSLATED From the Pa-l.i, B Revised and Edited by Mrs. C.A The Residuum Translated by V (,cif t ywf r S t quf ) ed'ge0*¾oH,kwfygVdawmfü y#dpöorkyÜm'fw&m;udk owåavmu\ "r®ed,mr w&m;[lí a[mawmfrl\/ (1) t0d Z Æ m ypö , m ocF g &m? (2) ocF g &ypö , m 0d n mPH ? (3) 0d n mPypö , m emr½l y H ? (4) emr½l y pö , m oVm,weH ? (5) oVm,weypö , m zaóm? (6) zóypö , m a0'em? (7) a0'emypö , m wPS m ? (8) wPS m ypö , m Oyg'geH ? (9) Oyg'geypö , m ba0g? (10) b0ypö , m Zmwd ? (11) Zmwd y pö , m Z&m r&PH / y#dpöorkyÜg'f taMumif;tusdK;tpHk (11)/ (1) t0dZÆmypö,m ocFg&m? vl? ewf? jA[®mac:qdkaom ud, k cf E¨mtkypf o k nf yk*Kd¾ vrf [kw?f owå0gr[kw?f vlç ewfç jA[®mr[kw?f tvGefaMumufrufzG,faumif;vSaom ½kyf"mwfpkç emrf"mwfpkrQom jzpf onfudk xifvif;pGm rodjcif;aMumifh xdk½kyf"mwfpkç emrf"mwfpkwdkYudk tzefzefjyKpk ysdK;axmifjcif;[laom ocFg&[laom ocFg&w&m;wdkY jzpfymG ;Muukefonf/ (2) ocFg&ypö,m 0dnmPH? ocFg&[laom rsKd ;aphw&m;yGm;rsm; jcif;aMumihf aemufb0ü 0dnmPf[laom tusdK;zv y"me"mwfrSL;BuD; jzpfay:onf/ (3) 0dnmPypö,m emr½ly?H 0dnmPf[al om y"me"mwfrLS ;Bu;D jzpfay:jcif;aMumihf emrum,BuD;ç ½lyum,BuD; yGm;pD;jzpfay:onf/ (zóç a0'emç onmç apwem tp&Sdaom apwodufemrfpkudk emrum, qdkonf/) (4) emr½lyypö,m oVm,weH? emrum,BuD;ç ½lyum,BuD; yGm;pD;jzpfay:jcif;aMumihf ½lyum,ü tm½Hw k \ Ykd qdu k &f ef ½kyMf unfig;yg;? emrum,ü tm½Hw k \ Ykd qdu k 0f if&ef raemtMunfwpfyg;? tMunfajcmuf yg;? wHcg;ajcmufckjzpfay:onf/ (pu©Kç aomwç Cmeç Zd0Smç um,½kyf

(Continue from last week) It must be borne in mind that here by 'result kamma' is meant something 'born of the result of kamma' for instance, the supernormal faculties, included under the category of things not within the range of thought, became possible through the kamma of past lives. The faculties as such are of many kinds; each realm of beings having its own supernormal powers. As regards the supernormal powers of the Brahma--gods we are informed, in the Sankha-ruppatti-sutta, of the persence of one thousand to ten thousand Brahma-s: that of these, one thousand Brahma-s permeate one thousand world-systems with their radiance, two thousand Brahma-s permeate two thousand worldsystems, and so on. These are the Maha-brahma-s living on the plane of the first stage of Jhana-rapture. Now the gods and men who live beneath this plane imagine and recognise this or that Maha-brahma- to be the maker of the whole world, the lord of the whole world, omnipresent, immutable, eternal saviour of the world. It is said in the Mula-pannasa, the first sutta of the Majjhimanikaya: 'He (i.e, an ordinary thinker who is not familiar with the Ariyan mode of thinking) apprehends Brahma- as Brahma-. Having apprehended Brahma- as Brahma-, he fancies him to be the Brahma, conceives attributes in the Brahma-, fancies that the world is from the Brahma, imagines that the Brahma-, is his, and extols the Brahmaas such. What is the cause of it? I say, it is because this matter is not truly understood by him." Here the meaning of 'apprehends Brahma- as Brahma-' is: he apprehends the god just as people commonly do in ordinary speech. And the phrase 'he fancies him to be the Brahma- implies that he imagines him (a) according to his unregenerate desires, thinking 'Lo! this Great Brahma- in all his beauty!' (b) according to his fancies as to values (ma-na), thinking: "He is the supreme, the most high in the world;' (c) according to his speculative opinions, thinking: 'He is the unchangeable, immutable eternal, stable and enduring, for ever.' The expression 'he conceives attributes in the Brahma' implies that he conceives such and such light, and such splendour,


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON NIYA MA DIPANI "r®0D&onf avmuom;tm;vkH;\ ta&;t&mjzpfonf/

21

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,mr'DyeD

NUAL OF COSMIC ORDER by

Aggamaha-pan.d.ita, D. Litt. By M. Barua. M.A., D. Litt, and A.F. Rhys Davids, M.A. D. Litt. VEN. U Nya-na., Pathamagyaw. Munfig;yg;)/ (5) oVm,weypö,m zaóm? tMunfajcmufyg; wHcg; ajcmufckjzpfay:vmjcif;aMumifh wpfckwpfckaom 'Gm&tMunf tm½Hk0d nmPf oHk;ckvHk;axGrI[laom zóajcmufyg; jzpfyGm;onf/ (6) zóypö,m a0'em? tMunfç tm½Hçk 0dnmPfo;kH ck vH;k axG; rI[laom zóajcmufyg; jzpfyGm;jcif;aMumihf cHpm;rIç cHpm;rI[laom a0'emajcmufyg; jzpfyGm;onf/ (7) a0'emypö,m wPSmç cHpm;rIç pHpm;rI[laom a0'em ajcmufyg;jzpfymG ;jcif;aMumihf cHpm;rI\ todu k t f tHk tvH;k pHw k u Ykd kd om,m wG,fwmrI[laom wPSmajcmufyg;jzpfyGm;onf/ (8) wPSmypö,m Oyg'geH? om,mwG,fwmrI[laom wPSm ajcmuf y g; jzpf y G m ;jcif ; aMumih f twG , f t pG J NrJ B uD ; NrJ j cif ; [l a om Oyg'gefw&m; jzpfyGm;onf/ (9) Oyg'geypö,m ba0g? twG,ftpGJ NrJBuD;NrJjcif;[laom Oyg'gef w&m;jzpfymG ;jcif;aMumifh Oyg'geftpD;tyGm;udk vku d pf m;tm;xkwf rI[laom okp&dwç 'kpö&dw b0ESpfyg;jzpfyGm;onf/ (10) b0ypö,m Zmwd? okp&dwç 'kp&ö w d b0ESpyf g; jzpfymG ;jcif; aMumifh pkw\ d emufü cE¨mtopftopf jzpfay:jcif;[laom Zmwdw&m; jzpfyGm;onf/ (11) Zmwdypö,m Z&mr&PH? topftopfjzpfay:rI&Sdjcif; aMumihf opforQ a[mif;jcif;? jzpfay:orQ aysmufysuf&jcif;[laom Z&mr&Pw&m;jzpfyGm;onf/ þum; tpHk 11-\teuf/ t0dZÆmç ocFg&? twdwfb0ü&SdcJhaom w&m;ESpfyg;/ 0dnmPfç emrf½kyf/ v/ b0? ,ckypöKyÜefw&m;&Spfyg;/ Zmwdç Z&mç r&P? aemuftem*wfb0ü jzpfay:vwåHUaom w&m;oHk;yg;/ 0dnmPfonf ,ckb0\ tpaywnf;/ ,ckb0jzpfay:&ef taMumif;um; t0dZÆmç ocFg&aywnf;/ t0dZÆmç ocFg&onfum; ,ck b0\ a&SUwnf;/ twdwb f 0ay:\/ twdwb f 0qdo k nfum;- 0dnmPfç emrf½kyf ponf&Spfyg;wdkYyifwnf;/ xdkb0üvnf; 0dnmPftpay:jyef\/ xd0k n d mPfjzpfay:&ef t0dZmÆ ocFg& a&SUb0ay:jyef\/ twdwo f o H &mü terw*¾tp r&Sday:av\/ Zmwdonf tem*wfb0\ tpaywnf;/

such and such supernatural powers in him. The expression 'he fancies that the world is from the Brahma-' signifies that he thinks that this world is born of, i.e, emanates from, this Brahma-, comes into existence only in relation to him. The expression 'imagines that the Brahma- is his' implies that he considers the Brahma- to be our master, lord, and refuge. 'Extols the Brahma- as such' means that he praises him by saying, 'Aha! how majestic is he! Ah! how powerful is he!' The expression 'Because this matter is not truly understood by him' means that it is not discerned by the threefold mode of discerning: In the first place he does not investigate it in the light of such an axiom of knowledge as the Brahma- as such does not exist, the only existing things are the psychical and physical facts and conditions classed as ;name-and form', In the second place he does not investigate the matter by the light of higher reason, which judges the psychical and physical facts and conditions as such are by nature impermanent, involveills, and are accordingly not of the nature of soul or deity. And in the third place he does not investigate the matter by the light of a felt necessity of abandoning, once for all, craving, imagined values, and false speculation which are rooted in erroneous apperception. These were indicated above in connection with our explanation of the expressions 'He apprehends', 'He fancies', 'He extols, 'This lack of knowledge, indeed, is the cause of his apprehending and imagining and praising after this sort. As regards the remaining faculties, such as those which are peculiar to the gods, etc. they are made manifest in the Deva, Sakka, Brahma-, Yakkha, Na-ga, Supanna, and Lakkhana Samyuttas (in the Samyutta nika-ya), as well as in the peta-vatthu and other texts. These faculties are not seldom found among men. But common people do not know and see them, although they are lodged in their own bodies. The reculuses and Brahmans of great supernormal power in the past, or those who cultivate occult lore, alone know and see them. Those supernormal faculties, born of the result of kamma, are outside the mental range of average folks and should not be studied.


THE 'LEDI' DHAMMA ON NIYA MA DIPANI

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"r®0D&onf oEdÅokcodkY a&S;½Ijy|mef;onf/

tem*wfb0qdkonfum;- 0dnmPç emrf½kyfponf t*Fg&Spfyg;yifwnf;/ xdk&Spfyg;wdkYwGif ur®b0t*Fgonf tqHk;t*Fgjzpfjyef\/ xdkt*FgaMumihf xdkrS aemufb0ü Zmwday:&jyef\/ xdkrS aemufb0qdkonfum;0dnmPfç emrf½kyfponf t*Fg&Spfyg;yifwnf;/ xdk&Spfyg;wkdYwGif ur®b0 t*FgaMumihf aemufb0ü Zmwday:&jyef\/ tem*wfoo H &mü terw*¾ tqHk;r&Sd ay:av\/ t0dZÆmwPSmwdkYudk y,fowfEdkifrS qHk;awmhonf/ þodkYvQif wpfpHkwpfa,mufaomol jyKvkyfzefqif;rIr&SdyJ terw*¾ oHo&mumvü emrf"r®? ½ky"f r®w\ Ykd taMumif;tusKd ; tqufquf tpOf NrJíaeonfudk "r®ed,mr qdkownf;/ wpfckaom b0jzpfay:&mü t0dZÆmonf ajrESihfwl\/ wPSm onf rdk;a&ESihfwl\/ ocFg&[laom apwem"mwfBuD;onf o&ufrsdK;aph ESihfwl\/ aemufb0ü 0dnmPfonf o&ufrsdK;aphrS ay:aygufaom o&ufan§mufi,fESihfwl\/ emrum,BuD;? ½lyum,BuD; ESpfyg;onf o&ufan§mifhi,frS qufvufBuD;yGm;íoGm;aom o&ufyifBuD;ESifhwl\/ emrum,Bu;D qdo k nfrmS zóç a0'emç onmç apwem ponf? 0dwufç 0dpm&ç 0d&d, ponf? avmb? a'go? arm[ç rmeç 'd|d ponf? o'¨gç owdç [d&dç MowyÜç ynm ponfjzihf pdwf0dnmPf\ tNcHt&Hemrfac: aom w&m;rsdK; rsm;jym;vsuf&SdaomaMumihf emrum,BuD; qdkayonf/ oVm,weajcmufyg;onf o&ufyGihfcdkifpkESihfwl\/ zóajcmufyg;onf o&ufyGihfwpfpkESihfwl\/ a0'emajcmufyg;onf o&ufyGihfpkESihfwl\/ wPSmajcmufyg;onf o&ufoD;uif;pkESifhwl\/ Zmwdonf xdko&ufaph rS aygufaom aemufo&ufyifESihfwl\/ taMumif;tusdK; tqihfqihf jzpfyGm;í oGm;yHkrQudkjyaom Oyrmwnf;/ owå a vmu\ "r® e d , mr jyqd k c ef ; NyD ; \/ opö m ES p f r sd K ;ES i h f a0g[m&ES p f r sd K ; þavmuoH k ; \jzpf y H k u d k ajymqd k o l w d k Y o nf opö m ES p f r sd K ; a0g[m&ESpfrsdK;wdkYudk odrSwf&if; &SdMuukef&m\/ opömESpfrsdK;qdkonfum;or®KwdopömwpfrsdK;ç y&rw¬opömwpfrsdK;/ or®Kwdopöm qdkonfum; xdx k v kd rl sKd ;wdrYk mS trSejf yKí ac:a0:ajymqdMk uaom pum;rsKd ;wnf;/ igwkYd jrefrmEkdifiHü EGm;udk EGm;[líç uRJudk uRJ[lí ac:a0:ajymqdkvQif trSef us\/ or®Kwdopömjzpf/ tb,fhaMumifh trSefusoenf;/ þEdkifiHrSm vltrsm;wdkY ac:a0:½dk;ç ajymqdk½dk; &Sdonftwdkif; ajymqdkonfjzpfí b,folrS vSnfpm;&mrusaomaMumifh trSefyifjzpfayownf;/ EGm;[l aom owå0gç uRJ[laom owå0gonf avmuü {uef&SdtrSefjzpf\/ þtaumifBuD;onf EGm;trSefjzpf\/ uRJtrSefjzpf\/ or®Kwdopömay wnf;/ þor®Kwo d pömonf vltrsm;ac:a0:rIukd tpOfvu dk \ f / vltrsm; nDnmvQif ajymif;csiw f idk ;f ajymif;Edik \ f / nDnmí ajymif;a&GUajymqdv k Qif tcsif;csif; vSnhfpm;rIr&SdNyD/ y&rw¬opöm qdkonfum;- "mwfobm0ç "r®obm0wdkYESihf tajzmihu f saom pum;rsKd ;wnf;/ rodru I kd arm[qd\ k / odru I kd ÓPfac: \/ tajzmifhus\/ rodrIudk ÓPf? odrIudk arm[[lí ajymif;a&GUír&/ tb,faMumihfenf;[lrl ajymif;a&GUcJhvQif r&rw¬ opömysuf\/ rdpäm 'd|djzpfwwf\/ or®KwdopömysufvQif rkom0g'jzpfwwf\/ y&rw¬opöm ysufcJhvQif 'd|djzpfwwf\/ a0g[m& ESpfrsdK;qdkonfum;- okwåefa0g[m&wpfrsdK;ç tbd "r®ma0g[m&wpfrsdK;/ yk*¾dKvfç owå0gç jA[®mç vlç ewfç rdef;rç a,musfm; tp&Sdaom a0g[m&rsdK;onf okwåefa0g[m&rsdK; rnf\/ or®Kwdopöm \ qdkif&maywnf;/ emrfç ½kyfç zóç a0'emç yx0Dç tmayg tp&Sdaom a0g[m&rsd K ;onf tbd " r® m a0g[m&rsd K ; rnf \ / y&rw¬ o pö m \ qdkif&maywnf;/ (qufvufazmfjyygrnf/)

Nevertheless these faculties are really common, speaking generally, to all beings. For all beings, during their continual journey in this endless series of lives, may travel from the nethermost purgatories to the topmost scale of existence, through all those that are intermediate. They may attain then to the state of gods, to that of Sakka, Brahma-, Maha-bra-hmas, and so on. Again from this highest scale they may be reborn into the states of woe. He who is today the King of Gods or a Brahma-, endowed with majestic powers, may become tomorrow a dog or a hog, and so on in rotation. Other results of kamma not within the range of thought are such as come into effect among infra-human beings, Besides, in the bodies of men and of the brute creation there are physical conditions of the sense-faculties, resulting from past kammas. These too, are of a nature not within the range of thought For when in the case of a dead body, or a dead organ of sense, a man thinks 'I will bring it to life again!' he only runs the risk of losing his reason, or of ruining his health by his thoughts and efforts. And why? Because he is striving against the inexorable working of another's past deeds. In the Maha-vagga-Samyutta, in the section dealing with the Four Truths, the ten speculative views, maintaining that the world is eternal, that is not eternal, and so forth, are called technically "world-thought" (lokocinto). But here we are using the term in a more comprehensive sense for all world-lore to be found in ancient texts under various names, for cosmologies conceived by the recluses and Brahmans of supernormal powers, by their pupils and pupils of pupils, or by Atthaka, Va-maka, and such other recluses and Brahmans. The Veda-ngas, for instance, are said to be derived from, and dependent upon, the contents of the three Vedas of the Tri-Veda Brahmans. The sciences mean medical science. The mantras denote spells for conquering the earth winning wealth etc., "World-thought" is also applied to the manikaand Grandha-r1-cults, mentioned in the Kevattasutta. The Manika-cult is like the 'supernormal thought called discerning the thought of another,' a telepathic device. And the Gandha-ri-cult is like the 'supernormal powers of will,' a device for executing various feats of supernormal character, such as floating through the air, etc. The latter is manifold, viz., rootcult, incantatory, numerical, and metallic. The root-cult is that which is rendered effective through medicinal roots; the incantatory cult is that which is brought into play through formulas of spells; the numerical cult is that which is brought into play through eight and nine series of numbers; and the metallic cult is that which is brought into play by means of metals like iron and mercury. And in the patisambhida-magga we read: 'What are the feats of magic? A magician having cited his spells exhibits an elephant, a horse, a chariot, infantry, and various arrays of the army in the sky, in the firmament. In the Upali-sutta of the Majjh1-ma-pan.n.a-sa we read; 'What do you think householder? Is a recluse or a Brahman, who is endowed with supernormal faculty and has obtained mastery over will, able to reduce Nalanda to ashes by a single curse? He is able, venerable sir.' Here the clause 'who is endowed with supernormal faculty' means one who is said to be gifted with synergic iddhi applied to thought about the external world. Among the four matters not within the range of thought, the powers of a Buddha stand highest in rank, iddhi proper comes


TALKS ABOUT THE OPEN-MINDENESS "r®0D&onf Ak'¨\"r®w&m;awmf tppftrSefxGef;um;jyefhyGm;&efjzpfonf/

23

jrefrmEkdifiHawmfa'ot&yf&yfwdk Y ü t&n0goDawm&yfrSDvsufaeavh&Sdawmfrlaom

r[maAm"dNrdKifq&mawmf 0e0goDaO,s"r®omrdr[max&f a&;om;pD & if a wmf r l a o omm "ar® m 0g'uxm

omoemawmfBu;D \ a&aomufjrpfo;kH oG,f (omoemjyKvk y f i ef ; tyd k i f ; ) omoemjyKwd k Y xm;&S d & rnf h pd w f a eoabmxm;tyd k i f ; aom w&m;rsufuef;orm; a0ae,srsm;onfvnf;.... a0ae,strsm; avmuom;wdkYrSmrlum; oHo&mwpfciG f c&D;jyifBu;D xJ0,f rsupf v d nf vrf;rSm; tuef; oGm;b0rsm;jzihfom vrf;rsm;vsufu vrf;ovm;aeMu&&Smygukef\/ tuef;orm; vrf;oGm;rsm;yDyD rrSefvrf;qDodkYum; xefxefESihf oefoefBuD;yif c&D;ESifvsuf &SdMuygacs\/ vrf;uvnf; arSmifarSmif vlaumifuvnf; uef;uef;? jzpfae&um;.... xdktarSmifwGif; yufyif;awGUMu&aom t&m0w¬KrSeforQwdkYudk (u) wpfzufu taumif;ajym ajymay;aomf NyHK;ívnf;jy vufcH vnf; vufcH&wwf\/ (c) wpfzufu tqdk;ajym ajymay;aomf rJhívnf;jy vufvSefí vnf; ay;&wwf\/ udk,fwkdifjrif udk,fwkdifawGU r[kwf&ao;um; olwpfyg; pum;aMum olwumtajymjzihfom acgif;ndwf acgif;cg jyKvkyfay;ae&&Smjcif;yifwnf;.../ arG;uwnf;u uef;cJhaom oluef;wpfa,mufonfum; oHy&moD;tm; xef;vsuf[lí ajymMum;vnf; ,Hk&rnfom jzpf\/ xef;vsuftm; oHy&moD;[lí ajymMum;vnf; ,Hk&rnfom jzpfawmh\/ onfhyrmvQif arG;uwnf;u "r®pu©K(ÓPfrsupf t d vif;)tvsO;f rygvmMu next, and the supernormal faculties born of the result of kamma come last. This beigin the case, those who are in the higher worlds gifted with supernormal faculties born of the result of kamma, whether they are kings of gods or Maha-brahma-s recognised as the supreme rulers of the world, become in the world of men attendants to Buddhas or their disciples, possessing majestic powers of intellect and will. And the same is the case with those recluses and Brahmans who are outside our religion, but have reached the climax of the supernormal faculties of gods in the higher world. Why? Because those faculties which result from kamma obtain among the beings of lower order. And secondly because they are equipped with the moral, reflective, and intellectual qualities that are extant amongst us. Among witchcrafts concerned with mundance thoughts, those who attained to success were called Vijjandharas. The gods

rdrd\ vlrsKd;tvdkuf oauFwjyKxm;aom pum;pkrsm;üom vrf;qHk;Mu&&Sm\/ xdpk um;pkrsm;udv k Qif trTe;f wifvsuu f tNyKH ;trJh vufarSmuf vufvSef tarGcHMu&Sm\/ xdkpum;pkrsm;udkvQif pum;aemuf w&m;ygonf[laom vufwef; pum;jzihf tm;xm;aeMu&&Sm\/ pum;onf tajym w&m;onf oabmjzpf&m pifppf pum; em;a,mif w&m;udkum; vufa&Smifaeaom xdkolrsm;tzdkY.... &,lvdkonfum; wu,fhtaumif;? &,lvdkufMuonfum; wu,fhraumif;csnf;omwnf;/ pifppf xdkodkY jzpfyGm;ae&jcif;onf.... tuef;oGm;rsm;\ pum;vrf;xm;twGif;0,f r&Sdudk t&Sdxifum cifrifpdwf ay:vmonfESihf olYatmufpdwf xm; BudKufapmfum;rIvnf; ay:vmap\/ olYatmufpdwfxm; rkef;jypf rSm;rIvnf; ay:vmap\/ olaY emufpw d o f mG ; rod0;kd 0g;rIvnf; jzpfay:vm ap\/ BudKufpdwfrSDuJ aoG;eD&J bmuJudkrQ rcwfEkdif? rkef;pdwfrSDuJ aoG;a&mifrnf; bmuJudkrQ rjrifEkdif? rdkufpdwfrSDuJ aoG;a&mifrGJ bmuJudkrQ rodEkdif? xdkrod xdkrjrif xdkrqifjcifEkdifolwdkYtzdkY rnfrQyif taumif; xm; BudK;pm;ap &vm'fum; qdk;usKd;rsm;om/ xdk qdk;usKd;w&m;rsm;udk trSm;[lí rjrifavolwdkif;... of lower orders and all demons and goblins served as messengers to the Vijjandharas. There were formulas of incantation and spells which were very powerful. They served to crush those gods, demons, goblins, etc. Men who have supernormal gifts are seen sometimes in our own country (Burma). They repair to a forest, and having handled regularly the occult formulas and prepared themselves for days and nights, and acheved success, many begin to tour in villages and districts. Wherever they go, they provide instantaneous relief to those who are ill and come to them for help. They also exhibit many other feats of wonderful magic, and account for this or that fateful event in the life of men. But the rulers prohibit these occult practices, fearing lest they might give rise to voilent commotions in the country. (To be continue)


TALKS ABOUT THE OPEN-MINDENESS

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"r®0D&onf ]oDv? orm"d? ynm} twGuf jzpfonf/

pdwfonf tm½Hk\ twdkufaemuf aumufaumufygavatmif vkdufae awmhonfom/ tm½Hk0,f pdwfupm; tm½Hk\ nd§KUtm;aMumihf aoG;om;qlyGuf ,kwfpdwfwdkY xdyfwufaeonfom/ tm½Hk\ tNid ½dk;wGif;jcifqDtxd uvdcHae&jci;faMumihf aoG;awmif;av aqmi;fay;&avom/ xdktcsufrsm;aMumihf ¤if;wdkY taumif;xif vkyfrdavorQ tqdk;bufodkYom usoufaeawmh&Smonf/ rsufpdvnfolonf... taemufudk ta&SU[kxifvQif ta&SUudkum; taemufxifrSm "r®wmyif/ onfhyrmvQif.... rrSefaomvrf; rsufrSef;wef;vsuf &SdMuavukefaom tuef; oGm;wdkYonf trSefvrf;odkYum; cefYrSef;íyif roGm;wwfawmhNyD/ xdktrSefvrf;um;... (u) tazmfrxyf wpfa,mufwnf; oyfoyf avSmfcwfoGm;&aom vrf;wnf;/ (c) olY ud, k rf zsu?f ud, k hf olrzsu?f taumif;oufoufjzihf quf& aom vrf;wnf;/ (*) wpfu, kd w f nf;aygif;? wpfu, kd w f nf; aumif;jzihf trsm;aqmif; ay;Ekdifaom vrf;wnf;/ wpfudk,fwnf;oGm; wpfz0g;cs wpfvrf;pudkom wGifwGifeif; aeaom xdkolü ta<u;[lonf uif;&Sif;\/ ta<u;uif;ojzihf ypönf; xdkxdk ydkvQHvm\/ ypönf;xdkxdk ydkvQHvmcJhaomf trsm;wdkYodkY jzefYydkYay;a0 Edkif\/ xdkvrf;rsKd;.... igpGJBuD;pdk;aom twåorm;wdkY roGm;vdkonfrSm "r®wmwnf;/ cifrifpdwfBuD;pdk;aom wPSmorm;wdkY roGm;&JonfrSm "r®wm wnf;/ tazmfESifhzuf ysufrSaysmfwwfaom tuef;orm;wdkY pdwful; rxnhfonfrSm "r®wmwnf;/ odkYaMumihf..... xdktuef;oGm;wdkYonf taumif;udkum;a&Smif tqdk;udkum; aqmifvsufuom taumif;&SmyHkawmfc&D; xD;ryg zdeyfrzuf qufqufBuD;oGm;aeMu&&Sm ukef\/ omoemjyKwdkY\ pdwfxm;um; tm;vHk;udk rdrdESihf wef;wlxm; rdrduJhodkY trSefvrf; oGm;apvdk jcif;wnf;/ tm;vH;k udk rdru d o hJ Ykd aumif;pm; rdru d o hJ Ykd t,kww f &m; z,f&mS ; oGm;apvdkjcif;wnf;/ xdkomoemjyKpdwfxm;jzihfyif.... rsufpdvnf vrf;rSm; tuef;oGm; oGm;aeMuolrsm;udk rsufpdvnf;Munf vrf;vnfvnf;rrSm; wpfvrf;oGm;rsm;csnf; jzpfMu&avatmif.... rdrdwdkY a&mufzl;aygufzl;xm;onfh udef;aoaumif; vrf;aMumif;BuD; twdkif;yifvQif u½kPma&SUxm; pmemaom ud, k cf si;f pmw&m;rsm;jzihf vufwJG ac:aqmifoGm;Mu&m\/ þodkYaom pdwfxm;onf

jzLpifjrifjh rwfaom olawmfw&m; vufuikd x f m;onfh omoem 0efxrf;om;wdkY\ vuf0,frSwyg; tjcm;ü r&SdacsNyD/ olawmfrS udk,faumif;aom olawmfaumif;rsKd;um; aygrsm; \/ olYbufu awmfonfjzpfap rawmfonfjzpfap rdrdbufrS tNrJ aumif;aeaom olawmfaumif;rsm;um; &Sm;yg;vSacs\wum;/ tavmif ; awmf w d k Y \ pd w f x m; þtydkif;onf.... omoemjyKwYkd xm;&Sad om pdwaf eoabmxm;rsm;udk azmfjyrnfh tydik ;f jzpfay&m ykxZk Of vlomrmefw\ Ykd pdwaf eoabmxm;rsm;ESifh ,SOw f JG jyrSom tjzLESihftrnf; oJuGJrnfjzpf&um; þüoHk;rsKd;oHk;pm; cGJjcm;jy rnfjzpf\/ ¤if;wdrYk mS (1) tavmif;awmfwdkY pdwfxm;? pdwfxm;BuD;jrifh &ihfrmNyD; olawmf aumif;BuD;\ pdwf? (2) ykxkZOf a0ae,swdkY\ pdwfxm;? &Gmae"avh tawGUrQjzihfom aysmfyg;aeaom pdwf? (3) omoemh0efxrf;om;wdkY pdwfxm;? &Gmwpf0uf awmwpf0uf ESpfbuf&wdkY\ xm;&NrJpdwf? xdkwGif tavmif;awmfwum olawmfpGmwdkY\ udkifpGJaom vufeufESihf xm;NrJaom pdwfxm;wdkYrSmum;.... oD v udk,fusihfw&m; rysufjym;jcif;? (1) opö m rSefonfudkom jyKvkyfajymqkdjcif;? (2) arwå m wpfOD;wnf;om;ü xm;aompdwfxm;rsKd; trsm;ü (3) xm;&Sdjcif; cEÅ D (4) wpfOD;wnf;om;\ taumif;tqdk;rsm;udk cGihfvTwf tm;jzihf xm;yHkrsKd; trsm;wdkYtay:ü xm;&Sdjcif;rsm;yif/ xdkav;rsKd;wdkYwGif (u) oDvESihf opömESpfyg;um; tNrJudkifpGJ &efNzdKcGJ&rnfh vufeuft&mwnf;/ (c) cEÅDESihf arwåmESpfyg;wdkYum; ckcH&efvTJ olypfwdkif;vGJ aponfh vTm;'dki;fumt&mwnf;/ oDvjzLpifjcif;onf opömxdkufjcif;\ taMumif;&if;wnf;/ arwåmtiftm;onf onf;cHEkdifjcif;\ taMumif;&if;wnf;/ odkYr[kwf opömw&m;onf rdrd\ tusihf*kPf tm½HkjyK&mrS ay:xGef;vmapNyD; cEÅDw&m;onfvnf; arwåm"mwftm; BuD;&mrS ay:xGef;vmaom tpGef;xGufyif? xdkav;rsKd;pvHk;wdkYwGif oDvonfom Oau©mif;t&mwnf;/ tb,faMumihfqdkaomf.... (1) oDvüwnfíqdkaom opömonfom t&m&m pl;&S avh&SdaomaMumihfwnf;/ (2) oDvüwnfí xm;&Sdaom arwåmonfom prf;a& yrm at;jrMunfomaomaMumihfwnf;/ (3) oDvüwnfí cGihfvTwfaom cEÅDonfom ruGJ rtuf wpfcJeuf wnfavh&SdomaMumihfwnf;/ wpfzefvnf; (u) &efoludk ckcH&mü oDvESifh opömonf ta&;yg t&ma&mufwwf\/ (c) &efol twktppf cGJMunhf&müum; cEÅDarwåmonf


TALKS ABOUT THE OPEN-MINDENESS "r®0D&onf "r®opömudk ñTefjyonf/ pGm\/ xdktm;vHk;wdkYwGifvnf; oDvonfom Oau©mif;t&mwnf;/ tb,faMumihfqdkaomf &efolYvufeufukd opömjzihf wdkufzsufírS ratmifEkdifvQif oDvudkom wdkifwnf&aomaMumihfwnf;/ arwåmpdwfoGif;ay;írS &efajyNidrf;jcif;r&SdvQif oDvudkom wdkifwnf&aomaMumihfwnf;/ cEÅ D p d w f a rG ; írS &ef r aMuat;cJ h v Qif v nf ; oD v ud k o m wdkifwnf&aomaMumihfwnf;/ odkYaMumihf..... tavmif ; awmf w um ol a wmf p G m wd k Y uk d i f p G J a om vufeufav;rsKd;wdkYwGif oDvonf £pämo, ywåjrm;&wemyrm t&m &m olrygrNyD;pD;? olryg c&D;rwGifwwf/ oD v qd k o&P*H k y grS oDv[kqdkaomf wGJzufo&P*Hkvnf; yg&rnfomyif/ o&P*HkoHk;yg; wpfyg;yg; yGm;xHkjcif;r&SdbJESihf oDvüwnfjci;f? oDvpifMu,fjcif; tvsOf;r&Sdacs/ o&P*Ho k ;kH yg; wpfyg;yg; yGm;xHjk cif;jzihf avhusiafh y;xm;aom oDvrsKd;r[kwforQ avmu"Hrsm;ESihf yufyif;awGU awGUu pdwfrcs&ao; acs/ ,if; o&P*Hk\ yHhydk;tm;onf oDvudk NrJap? pifMu,fap&mü t"du taqmufttHkBuD; wpfckomwnf;/ o&P*Hk[lonf.... owå0gwdkYudk &efab;rS uif;a0;apjcif;trIudkvnf; oljyKay; \/ owå0gwdkYudk &efrlaeonfh udavomrsm;udkvnf; owfjzwf zsufqD;ay;\/ odkYaMumihf.... o&P*Hkpum; em;qwfqwfMum;½HkrQjzihf a`rGESihfzm; vHk;axG; ae&mtMum; ½kwfw&wf odef;pGefiSuftem; a`rGa&mzm;yg 'a&maomyg; ajy;vTm;onfhyrm.... udavomonfvnf;aumif;? udavomtyl;owfcHae&aom pdw½f ikd ;f onfvnf;aumif;? vdiI ;f wrQ xvsuu f qGqcG ek af jy;vTm;Muawmh onfom/ ur®|mef;tvkyf BuKd ;ukyjf cif;onf o&P*Hyk mG ;xHo k nf rnf\/ o&P*HkyGm;xHkjcif;onf ur®|mef;tvkyf BudK;ukyfonfrnf\/ pifppf xdkpum;ESpfrsKd;wkdYonf trnfomuGJ? xreJESihf ,m*k yrmom/ Ak'¨Ho&PH *pämrd ponfh ynwfo&P*Hkwif&mü ,if;o&P *Hkonf o&P*Hk[laom trnf&if;jzihf 0ifa&mufNyD;? cE¨mjzpfysuf rdrdtrI rdrdppf&müum; ur®|mef;trnfjzihf ta&m0if\/ odkYaMumihf rdrdESpfouf&m ur®|mef;enf;wpfckckjzihf cE¨mjypfpk jzpfysufrIudk ½IMunhfppfaq;aejcif;udk o&P*Hk yGm;xHkaejcif;[k rSwftyf \/ (1) Ak'¨gEkówd ur®|mef;onf Ak'¨Ho&PH *pämrdudk taumifxnfazmfay;aeaom Ak'¨gEkówd ur®|mef;enf;wnf;/

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(2) oHCmEkówdur®|mef;onf oHCHo&PH*pämrdudk taumiftxnfazmfay;aeaom oHCmEkówdur®|mef;enf;wnf;/ (3) <uif;ur®|mef;enf; tm;vHk;onf wdkuf½dkuftm;jzihf vnf;aumif;? oG,f0dkuftm;jzihfvnf;aumif; "r®H o&PH*pämrdudk o½kyf azmfaeonfh enf;rsm;csnf;wnf;/ y&rwft&mü bk&m;onfvnf;aumif; oHCmonfvnf; aumif;? oabm\ oabmrQ [laom "r®\ e,fy,ftwGif;odkYom Oau©mif;pif;Mu&av&m <uif;tm;vH;k wdo Yk nfvnf; tb,frmS vQif "r®EiS hf vGwyf gtHeh nf;/ xdkodkY "r®o&P*HkyGm;xHkjcif;jzihf... (u) w&m;u rdrdpdwfudk vuf&SdavmifNrdKifcHae&onfh udwfavomrD;Mum;rS qD;wm;xkwfaqmifay;vsufuom &Sd\/ wpfcsufrSwf wpfcsufjywfjzihf wpfcsufu,f u,fwifay;ae jcif;jzpfonf/ (c) w&m;u rdrd\ t½dkif;pdwfudk at;&dyfMum;xm;í ,Ofyg;atmif qHk;ray;vsufuom &Sd\/ wpfcsufrSwf wpfcsufudef; ESpfzufpvHk;udk xdef;odrf;ay;xm; jcif;jzpfonf/ rdrdo&P*Hkt&dyf Nidrfqdwfvsuf&Sdaompdwfuav;odkY wpfyg; olwdkYxHrS tm½Hkutwdkuf udavomu odrf;ydkufvmjcif;udk a&eufydkif;odkY ypfaygufvdkufaom rD;wkwfrD;cJ pJoGm;avonfh yrm? rdru d , kd t f xd rul;puf ravmifuRr;f awmhjcif;onf "r®o&P *Hk\ tpGrf;yif/ wpfzef tm½Hkjzihfwdkuf udavomjzifh odrf;ydkufvmol\ udk,fokdYvnf; rdk;zGJzGJtMum; udkifxm;aom rD;wkwf pJoGm;avonfh yrm tumtuG,fay; Nidrf;at;aq; wdkufauR;NyD;pD;jcif;onfvnf; "r®o& P*Hk\ tpGrf;yif/ pifppf.... o&P*Hkonf rdru d akd &m ywfoufaeoluykd g tumtuG,af y;Ekid pf rG ;f &Sad om vufeufaumif;wpfckjzpf\/ wpfcsufazmuf &SdorQ pdwfpGJpHk tukef aysmufapaom vufeufqef;BuD;wpfckvnf; jzpf\/ xdktiftm; owdårsm;onf o&P*Hk yGm;xHk&mrS xkwf,l&&Sdaom t&mrsm;csnf;jzpf&m ,if;o&P*Hkonf udk,fusihfoDv jzLpifawmufyjcif;? pdwfwefcdk; pdwfowdårsm;? tiftm;BuD;xGm;jcif;\ yifrausm½dk;[lí wpfxpfcs rSwftyf\/ (quf v uf a zmf j yygrnf )

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DHAMMA VIRAARTICLES

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wmukd rcH&avatmif owd&Sd&Sd aexkdifzkdY vdkygw,f/ pdwful;,OfeJY zefwD;ykHazmfxm;wJh vkyfZmwfBuD;rSef;odayrJh rif;orD;av;ao&if rif ; om;av;ao&if uk d , f v nf ; vk d u f N yD ; aMuuGJ0rf;enf;rdwmrsKd; rjzpfapzkdYyg/ 'Dae&mrSm OD;av;Bu;D qkw d hJ ½kyef mrfu ]aX;}qkdwJh ½kyfemrfukdjrifNyD; vdkcsifrIqkdwJh"mwfcH avmbu BuD ; xG m ;vmw,f / avmbrS m udavom 10 yg; jznhf? xkdYaemuf jycJhNyD;ta& twGuftwkdif; tpOfjzpfNyD; 1500 udavom (trnf a jymif ; ) tcspf q k d w m jzpf a y:vm wmyg/ rl v OD ; av;BuD ; qk d w m ½k y f e J Y e mrf y J awGU&w,f/ tcspfqkdwm rawGU&bl;/ OD;av; BuD;qkdwJh ½kyfemrfrSm &Sd&if;pGJavmbav;ukd BuD ; xG m ;vmatmif ajrawmif a jr§ m uf r d v d k Y tusK;d quf tiftm;u 1500 txd wk;d yGm;oGm; &wmygyJ/ wnfNird af ewJh yifv,fa&rsuEf mS jyif [m b,folYukdrS qkd;usKd;ukdrjzpfapEkdifygbl;/ udavomukd jzpfapwJhavmbukd wkd;yGm; rvmatmif? enf;oGm;atmif? ukefpifoGm; atmif tm;xkwfwJhyk*¾Kdvf[m b,folYukdrS qk d ; usKd ; uk d r jzpf a povd k ol Y u k d , f r S m vnf ; qkd;usKd;rjzpfEkdifvkdY csrf;omol jzpfygw,f/ udavomukdjzpfapwJh avmbukd arG;jrLol uawmh rkefwkdif;xefwJhyifv,fvdkygyJ/ rdrdpdwf udkvnf; ylavmifapEkdifovdk wpfcgwpf&H rSm olwpfzufom;ukdvnf; xdckdufapEkdifwmrsKd; &Sdwwfw,f/ 'D a wmh ½k y f e mrf r S m avmbawG awmxaerS &Sif;vif;&ifawmh qkd;usKd;wpfpkH wpf&mjzpfvmEkdifw,f/ OD;av;BuD;vdk tcspf aomuawGjzpfrvmcif BuKdwifowd&SdMuapzkdY yg/ 'Daqmif;yg;av;[m vli,fawGtwGuf &nf&, G o f vdk ,aeYO;D av;Bu;D rsm;twGuv f nf; &nf&G,fygw,f/ pmom;av;tcsKdUu EkaevdkY yvDyvmEGJUYNyD; #DumcsJUvGef;w,fvdkY rxifygeJY? vli,f? vlvwf? vlBu;D tm;vk;H ukd tcspaf omu rcH&apvdkwJhqE´eJYa&;om;&jcif;rQom jzpfyg w,f/ cspfjcif;ESihfarwåmukd cGJjcm;odjrifí tm;vkH; tcspf'ku©taygif;rS uif;a0;EkdifMu ygap/ ynmEG , f ({&majr-"Ek j zL) rSwfcsuf/ pma&;ol\ OD;&D;awmftaMumif;ukd a&;om;wifjyjcif;jzpfonf/


DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS "r®0D&onf vkHhvjynfh0jcif;ESifh wnfMunf&J&ifhjcif;ukd jyqkdonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf b0&SifoefrIudk trSefuefqHk;azmfaqmif&ef jzpfonf/ ckZÆKwå&monf omrm0wDrdzk&m;\uRefrjzpf onf/ omrm0wDrdzk&m;tm; Oawerif;BuD;u wpf a eY y ef ; zk d ; aiG tojym&S p f u syf a y;\/ ckZÆKwå&monf okreyef;onfxHrS yef;wdkYukd rjywf0,f\/ þuJhokdY aeYpOfyef;0,faomtcg tojymav;usyfjzihfom yef;0,fonf/ usef tojymwdkYukd olrtzkdY csefxm;onfrSm aeYpOf jzpfonf/ wpfaeYrSmawmh okreyef;onfonf jrwf p G m bk & m;trS L ;&S d a om oH C mawmf j rwf taygif;ukd qGrf;vkyfauR;\/ ckZÆKwå&mtm; okreyef;onfu acwåaeygOD;? qGr;f vkyaf uR;Ny;D tEkarm'emw&m;ukd emMum;oGm;ygOD;[k wm; \/ ckZÆKwå&mvnf; okreyef;onf\ vSL'gef;rI rS w&m;awmfudk emMum;NyD;vQif aomwmywåd zkdvfü wnfavonf/ xkdaeYwGifawmh ckZÆKwå&m [m yef;wdu Yk dk tojym&Spu f syzf ;dk vk;H 0,f,o l mG ; avawmhonf/ aeYpOfc;dk ,laeaom olc;dk awmif rS okreyef;onf\w&m;tvSLawmfrS tuRwf w&m;&um t&d,molawmfpifjzpfoGm;zl;\/ uREyfk \ f yd#uwfo;Hk ykt H vSLawmfuv dk nf; t,l rSm;aeaomtrESihfwuG t&yfq,frsufESm&Sd owå0gtaygif;ukd trQay;a0yg\/ ukodkvf aumif;rIukd rQa0cHpm;ygonf/ tm;vkH;aom owå0gawG &Muygap/ Zmwfawmfukd qufygtHh/ ckZÆKwå&m onf yef;wdu Yk dk tojym&Spu f syzf ;dk 0,f,cl ahJ om aMumihf aeYwkdif;xufrsm;ae\/ omrm0wD rdzk&m;u jzpfaMumif;ukefpifukdar;&m uRefru trS e f t wk d i f ; ajzonf / omrm0wD o nf ckZÆKwå&mtm; tjypfrqkd? ckZÆKwå&m aomufrsKd cJah omw&m;a&at;uko d m wku d af uR;ygavmh[k awmif;qkd\/ uRefrtm; jrihfjrwfaomae&mü aeapvsuf eef ; wG i f ; ol ig;&mES i h f w uG w&m;em,l \ / xk d o l t m;vk H ; onf vnf ; aomwmywådzkdvfü wnfav\/ omrm0wDtygt0if eef;wGi;f olig;&m wk d Y o nf ck Z Æ K wå & mtm; xk d t csd e f r S p í uRefrt&mü rxm;bJ rdcift&müxm;\/ jrwf p G m bk & m; a[mwk d i f ; aom w&m;wd k Y u k d emMum;ap\/ wpfzef uRefrwdkYtm; jyefvnf a[majymygavavmh[k ajymqkdMuavukef onf/ ckZÆKwå&monf xkdokdYtwkdif; Mum;em a[majymav&maemuf t zk d Y ü yd # uwf ok H ; yk H a qmif jzpf a vawmh o nf / þuJ h o k d Y &&Sdaom tusKd;onfum; okreyef;onf\ w&m;tvSLawmfrS pwifonfr[kwfygavm/ uREkfyf\ yd#uwfokH;ykHtvSLonf

vnf; vG,fvifhwuljzpfvmonfr[kwfyg/ acR;enf ; pmav;rsm;uk d pk a qmif ; umjzih f vSL'gef;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ tjcm;wpfae&mwGif tvkyfvkyfaeaom tudkwpfa,mufuvnf; olpkaqmif;xm;aom aiG(2)aomif;usyfukd vS L onf / nD r wpf a ,muf u vnf ; ol \ awmifolvkyfief;rS &&Sdaom aiGwdkYrS rpm;&uf raomuf&uf pkxm;aom aiG(5)axmifvnf; edAÁmeftusKd;\ taxmuftyHhtvkdYiSm vSL'gef; \/ arG;pm;taronfvn;f ol\ynma&; vpmxJrS pkaqmif;aiGjzihf xnhf0ifvmaom aMumifhom yd#uwftvSLawmf jzpfvmcJhyg awmhonf/ xkdokdY cufcufcJcJ&&Sdvmaom tvSL awmf u k d r S tjypf a jymol & S d a ecJ h a o;ygvm;/ tjypfajymol uJh&JUoltay: tjypfrjzpfapcsif yg/ "r®EÅ&m,fvnf; rusa&mufapcsifay/ uREkfyfwdkY \ukokdvfaumif;rItpkpkwdkYukdom &&Sdapcsifygonf/ tvSLwpfckjzpfzkdY qkdwm uvnf; vG,faomtvkyfr[kwfyg/ jzpfay: vmaomtvSL wpfcktay:üom MunfEl;jcif; jzihf om"kac:apcsifonfrSm uREkfyf\ pdwf&if; trSefjzihf rQa0jcif;jzpfawmhonf/ **Fg0gVKoJpkru yGihfawmfrlMuaom bk&m;&SifawG&JUa[mpOfukd Munhfvkdufawmh vnf ; 'getaMumif ; om rl v tpxm;NyD ; a[mawmf r l c J h M uyg\/ oH o &mc&D ; onf jzpf M uwJ h owå 0 gawG t wG u f a wmh 'geu ta&;BuD;vGef;vdkYom rlvtptaeESihf a[m Mum;awmfrlcJhjcif;jzpfygw,f/ xkdtaMumif; ukv d nf; okwrf [m0gt|uxm r[my'geokwf tzGifhrSm þodkYxkwfjyxm;\/ Ä 'geqkdwm csrf;omwumwdkY&JUtaMumif;&if; jzpfw,f/ Ä vlYpnf;pdrfç ewfpnf;pdrfwkdY&JUtaMumif;&if; jzpfw,f/ Ä cHpm;okH;aqmiftyfwJh £|m½kHwdkY&JUwnf&m jzpfw,f/ Ä yifyef;qif;&JaewJholukd apmihfa&Smufwwf w,f/ Ä qif;&J'ku©a&mufaeolwdkY&JU ykef;atmif;&m vJavsmif;&mjzpfw,f/ ,ckb0ç aemufb0wdkYtwGuf 'geeJY wl w J h rS D & mwnf & mç tm;xm;uk d ; uG , f & mç vJavsmif;&mç pGv J rf;&mç yke;f atmif;&mr&Syd gbl; wJ h / uJ pmzwf y &d o wf w d k Y a & 'geavmuf aumif ; wJ h t &m&S d a o;&J U vm;/ 'D a vmuf aumif;wJhtvSL'geukd rvSLcsifrwef;csifwJhol

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tóm'? tm'De0? edó&Pudk b0 \ t&om (3) rsdK;[kac:onf/ om,mzG,f tóm'jzihf cspfcifwG,fwmjrwfEdk;Muonf/ tm'De0jzihf tjypfawGjrif trke;f awGxm; ½d;k tD NiD ; aiG U oG m ;aomtcg tm'D e 0qd k o nh f xd k ta[mif;udkypfcGmoGm;NyD; topfaom t&om tóm'ud k &S m azG u m wl p H k w G J a ysmf y G J 0 if jyefonf/ xdkodkYjzihf topftqef; pGJrufp&m wpfck xyfrH&SmazGtpm;xdk;vdkY jrwfEdk;wG,fwm vkduf? cspfrkef;uGJ Zmwfvrf;jyefp? cspfvkduf rke;f vku d ?f ta[mif;ypf cGmvku d f topf&mS vku d ef YJ oHo&mb,fawmhrS rqHk;Edkifawmh/ wPSmjzihf tóm'rSmaysm?f wPSmESirfh ek ;f wPSmESiphf eG cYf mG wPSmESihfyif topf&Sm tcspfwPSmZmwf b,fvdktqHk; owfEdkifawmhrnfenf;/ xdkb0 t&om (3)rsdK;udk tvSnhftajymif; vkyf&ay awmhrnf/ wPSm tpm; bm0emudk ae&m ay;&rnf / bm0emES i f h aysmf ? bm0emES i f h cE¨ m ud k , f B uD ; ud k rk e f ; ? bm0emjzih f y if xdkcE¨mBuD;udk pGefYcGm&ayawmhrnf/ xdk t&om (3) yg;udk taumif;buf 0dyóemodkY vSnhf ajymif ; ay;&rnf / b0cE¨ m ud k bm0emjzih f rkef;wD;NiD;aiGUNyDqdk&ifawmh bm0emjzihfyif xdkcE¨mig;yg; ½kyfemrfw&m;wdkYudk jywfjywf xif j rif jzpf y suf r I tpOf u d k ½I r S w f & if ; 0d y óemÓPf p Of a wG wd k ; wuf j rih f r m;vm awmhrnf/ a&SUujzpfysuf aemufur*ftpOfjzihf edó&P0drkwådqdkonhf wu,hfvGwfajrmufrI w&m;BuD; vrf;yGihfoGm;ayawmhrnf/ uReaf wmfh b0c&D;wpfavQmuf wpfp wpfp pGefY0HhcJhMuolrsm;udk awGUcJhBuHKcJhzl;onf/ MunfndKav;pm;cJhzl;ygonf/ ]]ihgnDrav; awmfygw,f? oHa,mZOf awGukd pGecYf mG Edik Nf y;D at;at;csr;f csr;f aeEdik w f m cs;D usL;zdaYk umif;w,f/ rrwdu Yk awmh oHa,mZOf twG,ftwmawGrS b,fvkdrS ½kef;rxGufEdkif ao;bl;}}/ ]]uRefrudk uHw&m;u 'DtcGifhta&; ay;xm;vdkYyg/ cifyGef;onfuvJ qHk;yg;oGm;NyD/ pmrsuf E S m 34 ok d Y


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf udk,fusifhoDvESifh pm&dwåjrifhrm;ap&ef jzpfonf/

33

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oHo&m&Snfapaom w&m;oHk;yg;rSm wG,w f mwyfrufrI (wPSm) axmifvmT ;rI (rme) ESihf t,lrSm; ('d|d) wdkYjzpfMuonf/ wPS m wG,w f mpGv J rf;rI? wyfrufr[ I ak c:qdk aom ]]wPSm}} wGif oHk;rsdK;oHk;pm;&Sdjyefonf/ (1) umrwPSm (umr*kPt f m½Hw k üYkd wG,fwmpGJvrf;rI) (2) b0wPSm (b0wdkYü wG,fwm pGJvrf;rI) (3) 0db0wPSm (b0ysuaf omt,l ü wG,fwmpGJvrf;rI) rme axmifvTm;jcif;[l&mü ]]igomvQif jrwf\}} [k axmifvmT ;jcif;jzpfonf/ rdru d , dk u f kd txifBuD;wwfjcif;jzpfonf/ olwpfyg;tm; ½SKwfcsí axmifvTm;wuf<ujcif;udk ]twdrme} [kac:qdkonf/ ]rme}\ oabmobm0udk 0daooxyfjyKygrl rdrdxufedrfhusoltay:xm; aom rmeudk ]]ao,srme}}? rdrEd iS t fh qiht f wef; wloltay:jzpfwwfaomrmeudk ]]o'dorme}} [kac:qdNk y;D ? rdrx d uf tqiht f wef;jriho f t l ay: xm;wwfaomrmeudkrl ]][Derme}}[kí ac:qdk jyefonf/ 'd | d t,lrmS ;rIü (1) Oapä''d|d (b0jywf\ [k ,laomt,l) b0jywfonfuq kd jkd cif;rSm ½ky?f emrfavmuonf rNr[ J k tjywf,jl cif;jzpfonf/ (2) oów'd|d (b0NrJ\[k,laom t,l) b0'd|d[kvnf;ac:qdkao;onf/ ouúm ,'d|d (twå'd|d) tay: tajccHí jzpfay:vm aomt,l0g'jzpfonf/ b0NrJ\[kqdkjcif;rSm ½kyfemrfavmuonf NrJonf[k,ljcif;jzpfonf/ (3) ouúm,'d|d (xif&Sm;&Sdaom ½kyf emrfcE¨mü t,lrSm;rI) twå'd|d[kvnf;ac:qdk onf/ cE¨mig;yg;udk rdrdudk,f[lí rSm;,Gif;pGm rSwf,ljcif;jzpfonf/ (4) ed,wrdpäm'd|d (aoonftxd pGpJ NJG rNJ rJ ,lxm;aom rSm;aomt,l) ed,wrdpmä 'd|d t,loHk;rsdK;&Sdonf/ (u) ew¬u d 'd|d (jyKvyk rf \ I aumif;usKd ;

qdk;usdK;wpfpHkwpf&mr&Sd[lí ,ljcif;) (c) ta[wku'd|d (taMumif;uHudk y,faomt,l) (*) tud&d,'d|d (aumif;rIjyKaomf vnf; jyKonfrrnf? raumif;rIjyKaomfvnf; jyK&mra&muf[k ,laomt,l) wkdYjzpfMuonf/ od & S d e m;vnf & ef v d k t yf r I t &om aumufEIwfcsufazmfjyjcif;jzpfonf/ 'd|dtrsdK; tpm; (62) rsdK;txd &Sdayonf/ rSwfom;p&mrSm ouúm,'d|d (twå 'd|d) jyKwfygu 'd|dtm;vHk;jyKwfaMumif; rdk;ukwf q&mawmfbk&m;BuD;u ]]'d|duGmrS csrf;om&}} w&m;awmfwGif a[mMum;xm;ayonf/ 'd|t d rsKd ;tpm; (62) rsKd ;wGi-f Nro J nf [k ,lqpGJvrf;aom oów'd|d (18) yg;ESihf jywfpo J nfEiS fh ,lqpGv J rf;aom Oapä''d|d (44) yg;wdkYyifwnf;/ rdpäm'd|d (62) yg;ESihfywfoufí jrwfpGmbk&m;u ]]jA[®Zmvokwf? oDvu©E¨0*f? 'DCedum,f}} wGif us,fus,fjyefYjyefYa[mMum; xm;awmfrlygonf/ tukodkvf'kp½dkufuHa[mif;teEÅwdkY onf twå'd|dü wG,fwmí tpOfyg&SdouJhodkY tukodkvf'kp½dkufuHopf teEÅwdkYonfvnf; twå'd|dü wG,fwmí tpOfyg&SdaeMuonf/ twå ' d | d c sKyf q H k ; ygu? tuk o d k v f 'kp½dkufuHa[mif;? uHopfteEÅwdkYonf aemuf terw*¾ o H o &mü wpf z ef j zpf a y:jcif ; r&S d ? tukev f ;kH csKyNf ird ;f Muuke\ f / (v,fwq D &mawmf

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"r®0D&onf rdrdudk,fudk apmifha&SmufEdkif&eftwGuf jzpfonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA FOR YOUTHS "r®0D&onf vlrsKd;ra&G; bmomra&G;? vlom;rsKd;EG,ftm;vHk;twGuf jzpfonf/

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES

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DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf pdwfzdpD;rI uif;a0;aponf/ pmrsuf E S m 31 rS &Sw d v hJ o l m;awG jzpfae&ufeu YJ o k v dk af umif;rIudk rjyKcJhvQif oHo&mb0rSm atmufwef;pm; omjzpfvdrfhr,f/ ,ckb0rSm pm;p&m aep&m ryl&bl;qkdNyD; ukodkvfaumif;rIukd *½krpkdufbl; qk d & if pd w f " mwf atmuf w ef ; usw,f v d k Y ac:w,f / tJ ' D v k d atmuf w ef ; uvl [ m b,fawmhrS oHo&m0JAGufuae vTJxGufEkdifzkdY taMumif;r&Sdbl;/ tm;vkH;aom owå0gawG oHo&m 0J*,ufuae ½kef;xGufEkdifzdkY jrwfpGmAk'¨u aocsmpGm a[mMum;awmfrlcJhygonf/ jrwfpGm bk&m;ocif ygvdav,su awmukad &muf&pdS Of

rS m yvvnf ; qif r if ; awmif vS L 'gef ; &rS e f ; odovdk owå0gtm;vkH;vnf; odoihfayonf/ wd & pä m ef w pf a umif a vmuf r S rod w wf v Qif awmh oHo&m0JAGuftwGif;rSm ½kef;rxGufEkdifbJ tpOfepfjr§KyfaernfrSm trSefyifjzpfawmhonf/ uREfkyfwdkYrdom;pk? armifESrwpfpk\ awmifO;D wdu k af usmif;rSm vSL'gef;cJah om yd#uwf ok;H ykH tvSLawmfudk trQay;a0ygonf/ oHo&m twGif;rSm twlwuG aexkdifMuukefaom vl taygif ; wd k Y o nf v nf ; þaqmif ; yg;av;uk d zwfcJh&onf&Sdaomf rdrdwkdYvSL'gef;&ovkdyJ Munf El;rIukd &&Sdatmif ,lEkdifMuygap/ ok r eyef ; onf v d k y J uREk f y f \ tvS L

tNrJwrf;ylaZmfyorI jyKcJhMuygw,f/ xd k Y t wl y J umV,u© d e D b D v l ; rud k rsm;pGmaomvlawGu pm;aomufzG,f&mwdkYjzihf wif o &if ; Avd e wf p mauR;cJ h M uyH k u d k v nf ; "r®y'rSm awGUEdkifygw,f/ oHCmawmfrsm; aeYpOf&w G f zwfaewJh &weokwaf wmfawGxrJ mS tvG,fwul awGUEdkifwJh *gxmav;wpfyk'f &Sdygw,f/ tJ'D*gxmav;u ck'´uedum,fu vmwJh bk&m;&Sif&JU a&TEIwfawmfuxGufvmNyD; rdefY>rufwJh pum;awmfawGyg/ *gxmav;u'd0gp &awåmp [&EÅd a,Avd H? wo®m [d ae &u©x tyÜrwåm wJ/h 'Dpum;u ]]avmuvlom;awGudk apmif h a &S m uf z d k Y bk & m;&S i f u d k , f a wmf w d k i f u ewfawGudk rSmcJhwJh pum;av;yg/ t"dyÜm,f tjynhftpHku... a,yk*v ¾ m- tMuifow l o Ykd nf? 'd0gpaeYtcgrSmvnf;aumif;? &awåmp- ntcgrSm vnf;aumif;? Avd -H Avdewfpmudk (wpfenf; tm;jzihf) aeYtcgrSm ukokdvfaumif;rIjyKí ewfa' 0wmtaygif;wdkYtm; trQtwrf;ay; a0jcif;/ ntcgrSmqdk&if yef;ç a&csrf;ç qDrD;ç xD; ponfwjYkd zihf ylaZmfyojcif;qdw k hJ Avdewfpm udk [&EÅd- ydkYaqmifMuw,f/ [d- vlawGu tJ ' D v d k v kyfaqmifMuw,fqkdwm rSefw,f/ wo®m- tJ'gaMumihfrdkYvdkY? ae- tJ'DylaZmfy ojcif ; jyKwJ h ol a wG u d k ? tyÜ r wå m - rarh ravsmbJeJY? &u©x- rif;wdkYapmihfa&Smuf&pfMu? apmifh&r,f/ bk&m;[m 'DvdkrdefYcJhwm/ 'D*gxmxJrmS vlawGu ewfawGuk d ylaZmf yoyHkudk Munhfyg/ aeYtcgrSm ukodkvfaumif; rIjyKNy;D tJ'u D o k v kd af umif;rIukd ewfa'0wmawG xHa&mufatmif trQa0w,f/ 'g ylaZmfyo

wm/ aemufNyD; ntcgusawmh yef;ç a&csrf;ç qDrD;ç xD; pwmawGeJY ylaZmfw,f/ 'DylaZmfjcif; awGuom enf;rSefwJh ylaZmfjci;fawGjzpfw,f/ ewf a '0wmrS e f o rQ vl a wG q D u vd k c sif w mwpf c k y J & S d w ,f / tJ ' gu vl a wG ukodkvfaumif;rIjyKNyD; olwdkYudk trQay;a0wJh toHuykd /J usew f m bmrSrvdck sib f ;l / vlawGwif wJh auR;wJhtpmudk pm;zdkYrajymeJY vlteYHukd olwu Ykd rcHEikd b f ;l / tJ'gaMumihf ..bk&m;txHukd ol w d k Y w&m;vmem&if vl a wG t d y f w J h t csd e f ntcgrS ol w d k Y v mMuw,f / teHeY w H moufomw,fqykd /J aemufNyD; t"duta&;BuD;wJhtcsuf u qDrD;xGef;n§dylaZmf&mrSm od&ufeJYvkyfaewJh trSm;wpfckudk ajymcsifygw,f/ vQyfppfrD;? za,mif;wdkifrD; qdkygawmh/ olwdkYudk bmaMumihf xGef;wmvJ? tvif;a&mif&csifvdkY/ bmhaMumihf tvif;a&mifvdkcsifwmvJ arSmifaevdkY/ vif;ae &if xGef;p&mrvdkbl;aemf/ 'gudkod&ufeJY bk&m; ausmif;uef Z&yf ewfuGef; ponfwkdYrSm aeYcif; aMumifawmif xGef;n§dylaZmfjcif;[m taMumif; rJhyg/ vSLawmhvSLw,f/ vdktyfwJhtcgrSm ray; vSLawmh tusdK;ay;wJhtcgrSmvnf; vdktyfwJh tcgrSm tusdK;ray;bl;ayhg/ 'g &Sif;ygw,f/ 'hgaMumihfrdkY ]]a,m a,e tw¬daum a[mwd wHa'[d}} wJh/ a,m- tMuifolum;? a,e- tMuif 0w¬Kypönf;udk? tw¬daum a[mwd- tvkd&Sdw,f? wH- xdkypönf;0w¬Kudk? a'[d- vSLygwJh/ Ak'¨\ om;awmforD;awmfrsm;yDyD rSeu f efaumif;jrwfwhJ tvSLawGeYJ vSL'gef;MuNy;D awmh Nird ;f csr;f vGwv f yf wJh b0ydkif&Sifrsm; jzpfMuygap/ usrf ; ñT e f ; - ck ' ´ u ed u m,f ? &weokwf vl a t; (wrmajr)

37

taMumif;ukd ajymjyyg\/ Mum;od om"kac:qkd EkdifMuaom yk*¾Kdvftaygif;uvnf; ckZÆKwå&mvkd xyfqifhtodjzihf rMum;ao;aom? rodao; aom owå0gtaygif;ukd rQa0ay;EkdifMuygap/ wpfqifhNyD;wpfqihf tm;vkH;aomyk*¾KdvfawG odMur,fqkd&if þyd#uwfokH;ykHvSL'gef;jcif;\ tusKd ; onf EI d i f ; qír&Ek d i f a vmuf a tmif tusKd;aus;Zl;rsm;Ekdifygonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;ukd,fawmfwkdif a[m Mum;awmfrlcJhaom w&m;awmfrsm;ukd vSL'gef; ylaZmfygonf/ þuJhodkY vSL'gef;ylaZmf&aom aumif;rIrsK;d aphonf xm0&&Sio f efum edAmÁ ef\ taxmuf t yH h j zpf & ygvk d \ / vS L 'gef ; aom taMumif;aMumihf &&SdcHpm;tyfaom tusKd; w&m;rsm;ukd pMu0Vmwku d w f pfaomif;rS yk*K¾ v d f owå0gtaygif; &apaMumif; qkawmif;yg\/ ewfvlom"kac:apaomf/ / oH o &mab; tpOf a wG ; um? vG w f a Mumif ; &S m í igoG m ;aeonf ? r*f z k d v f ed A Á m ef reD ; cH E k d i f ½ k d ; vm;/ usrf ; ñT e f ; - ok w f r [m0gt|uxm pd w å ' D y (a&T a wmif O D ; ) pmrsuf E S m 35 rS aMumihf ykqdk;udk igreif;}} [k ajymMum;um? twd w f Z mwf u d k jyef a jymif ; a[mjyawmf rlygw,f/ twdwfZmwfuawmh a&S;b0 wpfck rSm aAm"drif;om; ZeD;armifESH c&D;twloGm;pOf oabmFysufNyD; uHtm;avsmfpGm uRef;wpfuRef; ay: a&muf&SdoGm;owJh/ uRef;ay:a&mufawmh pm;p&mr&Sdojzihf iSufodkufawGudk zsufqD;NyD; iSufOawG &SmazGpm;aomufcJhwJh tukodkvfuH aMumifh ,ckb0wGif om;orD;&&ef taMumif; rjrifojzihf cif;onhyf q k ;kd udk reif;aMumif; w&m; "r® a[mjyawmfrlygw,fuG,f/ "r®rdwfaqG wlav;? wlrav;wdkYa&? 'DZmwfaMumif;udk axmuf½Ium? jrwfpGmbk&m; &Sifudk,fwdkif om;orD;&ap? r&ap zefqif; ay;vdkY r&EdkifaMumif;? rdrdjyKcJhzl;om ukodkvfuH? tuk o d k v f u H o nf o m t"d u tcsuf j zpf aMumif; odomxif&Sm;MuNyDxifygw,f/ 'gay r,hf twdwfuHcsnf;tm;rudk;MubJ vuf&Sd ypö K yÜ e f r S m Bud K ;pm;tm;xk w f r I u H (ur® ) taxmuf t yH h v d k t yf w ,f q d k w mud k v nf ; rarhMuygeJYaemf/ usrf ; ud k ; rZÑd r ed u m,f rsd K ;jrih f (atmif v H )


DHAMMA V IRA ARTICLES

38

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odkYaecJhMu iSufawGrSm? iSufawGajymif;NyD; odyfrMum/ iSufynm&Sd qdkpum;? opfyifrD;pGJyga&mvm;/ tcdk;tvQHrsm; xGufay:vm? tcdk;oihfwJh iSufawGrSm/ rysHEkdif&Smonftyifu? Mur®mnd§K;pGm rD;xJus? taoqdk;jzihf aoyg&/

twd w f y H k j yif tcgwpfyg; jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifonf aZw0efausmif;awmfü oDwif;oHk;awmfrlpOf ]ausmif;rD;avmifcH&aom &[ef;wpfyg;} udk taMumif;jyKí þ ]oukP}Zmwfukd a[mMum; awmfrljcif;jzpfygonf/ &[ef;wpfyg;onf jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif xHrS ur®|mef;w&m;udk,lí aumovwdkif;&Sd &G m wpf & G m od k Y o G m ;um oD w if ; oH k ; \/ xd k o d k Y oDwif;oHk;aexdkifNyD; yxrvrSmyif olYausmif; rD ; avmif c H & \/ ausmif ; rD ; avmif c H & í xdk&[ef;? oDwif;oHk;p&m ae&mr&Sdawmhay/ ausmif;r&Sdawmhí 'ku©BuD;pGmjzihf aexdkif&\/ xdktaMumif;udk &[ef;u &Gmom;wdkYtm; ajym Mum;\/ odkYaomf &Gmom;wdkYu taMumif;trsKd; rsKd;jyí ausmif;udkaqmufray;Muay/ olwdkY\ v,f w d k Y ü a&ajcmuf í ae\/ v,f x J o d k Y a&oGi;f ay;&rnfjzpfojzihf a&oGi;f Ny;D rS[q k \ kd /

a&oG i f ; NyD ; aomf rsKd ; BuJ N yD ; rS [ k q d k j yef o nf / apmif&ef;jyKvkyfNyD;aomf aygif;jrufwdkY okwf oifNy;D rSq\ kd / þodjYk zihf 0gwGi;f oH;k vvH;k qif;&J pGmaexdkif&ojzihf aumif;pGmw&m;tm;rxkwf &&Smay/ ¤if;onf y0g&PmjyKNyD;aomf jrwfpGm bk&m;&SifxHodkY oGm;a&mufí &Sdcdk;\/ jrwf p G m bk & m;onf xd k & [ef ; tm; ]oifonf 0gwGi;f oH;k vywfv;kH csr;f ompGm ae& yg\avm? ur®|mef;w&m;udka&m aygufajrmuf pGm tm;xkwfEkdifyg\avm} [k ar;jref;awmfrl onf/ xdktcg ¤if;&[ef;u jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif tm; þodjYk yefvnfí avQmufxm;awmfro l nf/ ]t&Sifbk&m; wynhfawmfonf avsmufywf aom ausmif;udk r&ojzihf ur®|mef;w&m;udk aygufajrmufatmif tm;rxkwEf ikd cf yhJ g} xdt k cg bk&m;&Sifu ]&[ef; a&S;tcgu wd&pämefwdkY onfyifvQif rdrdaexdkif&m t&yfonf rdrdwdkY aeoihf raeoihf csihfcsdefod&Sd\/ oifonf tb,faMumihf rod&oenf;} [k rdefYMum;í twdwfudk aqmifawmfrlygonf/ a&S ; oa&mtcg Am&mPoD j ynf ü jA[®'wfrif; tkyfpdk;\/ xdkpOfAk'¨tavmif; awmf o nf iS u f r sKd ; üjzpf \ / tcuf t cG E S i h f jynhfpHkaom tyifBuD;wpfyifudk trSDjyKvsuf iSuftaygif;wdkYNcH&HNyD;aexdkif\/ wpfcgaomf xd k o pf y if B uD ; onf avwd k u f a omtcgü opfcuftcsif;csif; yGwfrdojzihf trIefwdkYvGihf pifí usum trIefcdk;awGx\/ xdkt&mudk bk & m;tavmif ; iS u f y nm&S d u jrif a omf ]opfcufrsm; þokdY MumMumyGwfwdkufMuygu xdrk S rD;rsm; xGuaf y:vmNy;D xdrk rS ;D pwdYk opf&u G f a[mif;rsm;ay:odkY usum rD;avmifrnf/ xdkrD; onf igwdkYaexdkif&m opfyifBuD;udk pGJvdrfhrnf/ xdktcg igwdkYonf rD;ab;oihfí ysufpD;Mu& vdrhfrnf} [k awG;awmqifjcifrd\/ xdkYaMumihf iSut f aygif;wdu Yk kd pnf;a0;apNy;D ¤if;awG;rdaom udpöudkajymjy\/ tvHk;pHkaom iSufwdkYonf ynm&SdiSufrif;\ tqdkjyKcsufudk t<uif;rJh vufcHí xdkae&mrS tjrefqHk;xGufcGmoGm;Mu onf / tenf ; i,f a om iS u f w d k Y o mvQif xd k o pf y if ü usef & pf c J h M uaonf / ¤if ; wd k Y u ajymif;a&TUaom iSufwdkYudk yrmrcefYajym\/ NyHK;Mu? rJhMuNyD; ¤if;iSufwdkYudk tqdk;jrifbufu Munhí f a0zef\/ ]tvGet f odÓPfacgif;yg;Ny;D


DHAMMA VIRA ARTICLES "r®0D&onf vlom;rsKd;EG,fquftwGuf jzpfonf/

pmrsuf E S m 38 rS t quf taMumufBu;D aom iSurf sm;} [k qd\ k / xdik u S w f o Ykd nf ]tjzpf onf; tuJyv kd eG ;f onf[v k nf; qdk\/ a&wpfaygufudk jrif½HkrQjzihf rdausmif;udk awGU onf} [k qdkouJhokdYyif[kajym\/ ,if;iSuw f Ykd u ajymif;a&TUoGm;aomiSurf sm;udk tjypfwif vsuf vuf&adS exdik af om tyifBu;D ü qufvuf aexdik jf cif;rSm ¤if;wd\ Yk uHMur®myifjzpf\/ iSuw f aYkd jymif;oGm;Ny;D odyrf MumcifrmS yif ynm&Sd iSufrif; ajymonfhtwkdif;jzpf\/ opfyifBuD;udk rD;pGJavonf/ xdkodkY rD;pGJ&mrS rD;cdk;vHk;BuD;rsm; rD;cdk;aiGUrsm;jzpfay: vmí rsm;pGmaomiSufwdkYudk rD;cdk;aiGUrsm;oihf um rysHoef;EkdifawmhbJ rD;avmifNyD; aoqHk;Mu aZmf a emif &onf/ usrf ; ud k ; ouk P Zmwf ig;&mh i g;q,f Zmwf e d y gwf (anmif u ef q &mawmf )

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12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012 THE EXPLANATION OF THE NOBLE PRACTICE 12345678901234567890123456789012123456789012

"r®puúyÜ0wåe okwåe, y#dywfusihfpOf Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta Naya Practice "r® 0 D & -oEÅ m atmif (tjynf j ynf q k d i f & max&wuú o k d v f ) t"d u OD ; wnf & m y#d y wf u sih f p Of " r® xdkpOftcgu jrwfpGmbk&m;ocif a[m`rGwfawmfrlaom "r® puúyÜ0weokwfawmfjrwfü yg&Sdaom y#dygwfusihfpOf"r®udk txl;jyKí wifjyvd&k if;&nf&, G cf surf mS þaqmif;yg;\ t"duOD;wnf&mjzpfygonf/ xdkYaMumihf "r®puúyÜ0wåeokwfawmfü a[m`rGwfawmfrlonfhtwdkif; þy#dywfusihfpOf"r®udk xkwfazmfí a&;om;wifjyvdkygonf/ "r® p uú y Ü 0 wå e ok w f a wmf w G i f (1) qif;&JtppftrSefjzpfaom ]]'ku©t&d,mopömw&m;}} ('ku©opöm) The Noble Truth of Suffering (Dukkha sacca-).

(2) qif;&JjzpfaMumif; tppftrSefjzpfaom ]]'ku©ork',t&d, opöm w&m;}} (ork',opöm) The Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering. (samudaya sacca-)

vGefcJhaomESpfaygif; 2599 ckESpfumv? r[mouú&mZf 103 ckESpf 0gqdkvjynhfpaeaeY nOfhae0ifptcsdefwGif taemufrZÑdrwdkif; (tdEd´,EdkifiH)Am&mPoDteD; £'dywe rd*'g0kefawmü a*gwrjrwfpGm bk&m;ocifonf &Sifaum@n? &Sif0yÜ? &Sifb'd´,? &Sifr[memr? &SiftóZdtrnf&SdawmfrlMuaom yÍö0*fig;OD;wdkYtm; ]]a'Gar bdu©a0 tEÅmyAÁZdawe eao0dwAÁm} (Dve me Bhikkhave anta- pabbajitena na sevitatabba-) tpjzmaom Ak'¨bk&m;&Sif yxrOD;a[mMum;awmf rlonfh "r®puúy0gqd Ü0gqd0k wåeokwaf wmfjrwf (Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta) udk a[m`rGwfawmfrlonf/

"r® p MumbD ; yk H E S i f h ab;ywf v nf r S bk & if r if ; rsm;0k d i f ; aeaom ausmuf q pf " gwf y k H pmrsuf E S m 17 ok d Y

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