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“Sustaining the  momentum   of  the  Arab  Spring  –     young  people  face  the  challenges   of  re-­‐building  a  Mosaic  society”   e.p.a.  ,  Yalla  &  OVC   Study  Seminar  in  Tunisia


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1st -­‐  10th  September  2013  

EYF Project  No.    196.33.A.2013.PC28

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REPORT


e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

INTRODUCTION

HOST

This is   a   report   of   the   e.p.a   study   seminar   “Sustaining   the   momentum  of  the  Arab  Spring  –  young  people  face  the  challenges   of  re-­‐building  a  Mosaic  society”  held  in  Tunisia  from  1st  to  10th  of   September  2013.  

The Seminar   was   hosted   by   the   Will   and   CiIzenship   OrganisaIon   (  OVC)  which  is  a  youth-­‐led  NGO  that  was  created  just  a  few  months   aCer  the  Tunisian  revoluIon  in  May  2012.  The  OVC  is  located  in  the   South   East   of   Tunisia,   Gabes.   Founded   by   young   Tunisian   acIvists   who   believe   that   Civil   Society   endorses   a   role   of   paramount   importance   in   driving   change   and   shaping   the   future   of   the   Post-­‐ RevoluIon   Tunisia.   The   NGO   has   been   working   on   defending   and   promoIng   Human   Rights   and   the   ciIzenship   concept   through   conducIng   training   workshops   for   young   acIvists.   Launching   training   workshops   for   elecIons   observers,   fostering   educaIonal   and   cultural   events   spreading   awareness   and   carrying   out   advocacy   campaigns  about  CiIzenship,  Human   Rights,   Environmental   issues,   OpenGov,   transparency   and   corrupIon   and   promoIng   social   entrepreneurship  in  the  South  of  Tunisia.  (www.ovcorg.com)  

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Two years   aCer   the   “Arab   Spring”   ignited   the   surge   and   lust   for   democracy,   we   face   a   mosaic   of   interests   swirling   around   the   MENA   region.   What   place   do   young   people   who   started   this   process   now   hold?   The  theme  of  the  training  seminar  was   “Sustaining   the   momentum   of   the   Arab   Spring   –   young   people   face   the   challenges   of   re-­‐building   their   society”.  

! ! BACKGROUND !

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Within this   theme   we   discussed   and   shared  the  issues  of  recapitulaIng  the   recent   history.   Where   do   we   stand?   Human  Right  and  gender  issues  within  Arab  socieIes,  strengthening   our  communiIes,  networking  and  follow  up.  

The Arab   Spring   is   a   wave   of   revoluIons   taking   place   in   the   Arab   world.   The   Arab   Spring   enabled   a   domino   effect   where   the   successes   of   one   country   inspired   the   populaIon   of   another.   To   date,   revoluIons   are   ongoing   or   succeeded   in   countries   like   Egypt   and   Tunisia,   civil   war   in   Libya,   civil   uprisings   in   Bahrain,   Syria   and   Yemen,   major   protests   in   Algeria,   Iraq,   Jordan,   Morocco   and   Oman,   as   well   as   minor   protests   in   Kuwaits,   Lebanon,   Mauritania,   Saudi-­‐ Arabia,   Sudan   and   Western   Sahara   which   led   the   system   to   implement   reforms.   Why   have   the   events   in   Tunisia,   Egypt,   Libya,   Yemen,   Syria,   etc.   followed   such   different   paths?   What   are   the   long   term   poliIcal,   social,   and   economic   consequences   of   these   revoluIons?   What   are   their   intended   and   unintended  

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This e.p.a.   Study   Seminar   in   co-­‐operaIon   with   Yalla   and   our   host   organisaIon   OVC   (Will   and   CiIzenship   OrganisaIon)   took   place   in   Sfax,   Gabes   and   Tunis   from   1st   to   10th   September   2013   and   focussed   on   young   people   (under   30   years),   who   sIll   are   acIvely   involved  in  youth  /  community  work  to  nourish  their  civil  socieIes.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

consequences as   countries   across   the   region   poliIcally   and   socially?   What   is   the   future   of   the   Arab   revoluIon   with   regard   to   the  global  issues  of  freedom,  democracy,  role  of  women,  migraIon,   and  youth  power?  

PREPARATION  

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The very  first  meeIng  was  with  young  colleagues  with  roots  in  the   MENA  held  in  Hamburg  September  2012,  the  second  meeIng  was  a   preparatory   meeIng   in   Tunis   and   Sfax   in   April   2013,   during   these   meeIngs   we   discussed   the   current   situaIon,   began   lisIng   the   parIcipants,   arranging   visa   invitaIons   and   preparing   the   programme.  

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The seminar  was  prepared  by  a  team  of  four  people  :  Christa  Berta   from   Germany,   Tony   from   England   (e.p.a.),   Imen   from   Tunisia/ Germany   (Yalla)   and   Ines   from   Tunisia   (OVC).   They   e-­‐mailed,   had   skype  meeIngs  and  talked  to  each  other  on  the  phone  and  met  in   April   for   4   days   in   Tunis   and   Gabes   to   organise   face-­‐to-­‐face   all   logisIcs   and   the   programme.   They   prepared   inivitaIons   and   all   documents  for  visas.  They  compiled  and  translated  documents  and   informaIons  about  the  seminar  for  parIcipants  and  they  discussed   and  agreed  workshops  contents  and  methodologies.  

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! ! FINANCES !

It is   clear   from   what   we   saw   and   heard   that   young   people   were   deeply   disappointed   at   some   outcomes   of   the   Arab   Spring.   It   seemed   the   solidarity   which   saw   the   overthrow   of   the   various   dictators   of   the   region   had   degenerated   into   the   inevitable   squabbling   between   LeC   and   Right,   Sunni   and   Shia,   ChrisIan   and   Muslim,  Oil  and  Self  DeterminaIon.   Therefore   we   wanted   to   discuss   and   share   the   issues   of   recapitulaIng  the  recent  history.  Where  do  we  stand?  Human  rights   and   gender   issues   within   Arab   socieIes,   strengthening   our   communiIes,  networking  and  follow  up.  

The seminar   was   supported   with   a   grant   by   the   European   Youth   FoundaIon   of   the   Council   of   Europe   (www.eyf.ce.int/fej),   by   e.p.a   and   The   “do”   FoundaIon,   a   German   foundaIon   that   aims   to   support   the   rights   of   refugees   and   immigrants   through   its   project   funding   acIviIes.   SICung   “do”   (www.sICung-­‐do.org)   is   poliIcally   independent,   and   works   crossing   naIonal   boundaries.   This   seminar   was   also   not   to   be   held   without   a   lot   of   voluntary   work   and   personal  contribuIon.  All  parIcipants  paid  a  personal  contribuIon.   Those  who  could  gave  a  contribuIon  to  their  travel  and  visa  costs.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

PARTICIPANTS  

The combinaIon   of   different   cultures   and   religions   both   Arab   and   European   encouraged   the   sharing   of   ideas   between   parIcipants   from  different  countries,  backgrounds  and  areas  of  interests.  

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Apart from   the   Tunisian   host   group   and   a   people   from   other   projects   and   organisaIons   in   Tunisia   the   study   seminar   brought   together   35   acIvists   from   8   European   countries   who   work   face   to   face  with  refugees  and  young  people  –  as  volunteers  and  also  from   7  Arab  countries  who  live  through  the  revoluIon  in  Tunisia,  Egypt,   Yemen  and  Libya,  reported,  supported  acIvely  or  blogged  about  it.     The   35   parIcipants   came   from   various   backgrounds:   historical,   economic   and   social   studies,   which   was   considered   very   posiIve   and   an   essenIal   element   in   creaIng   a   producIve   atmosphere   during  the  seminar.    

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The 35   parIcipants   formed   a   moIvated,   enthusiasIc   and   commijed  group.  A  general  sense  of  respect  and  openness  was  felt   throughout  the  sessions  and  in  informal  moments.  Having  so  many   countries  represented  in  the  seminar  offered  a  unique  opportunity   for   the   youth   to   learn   about   other   countries   by   living   together   for   a   few  days  and  building  a  hopefully  effecIve  network.    

! ! VISAS !

ParIcipants from   Yemen,   Egypt,   Jordan,   PalesIne   and   Cyprus   needed  visa  to  enter  Tunisia.  Despite  joint  efforts  from  all  ends  our   parIcipants   from   Cyprus   couldn’t   parIcipate,   because   Tunisia   refused   him   a   visa.   Our   parIcipant   from   PalesIne   was   held   in   Tunis   airport   for   three   days   as   we   mobilised   and   acIvated   InternaIonal   friends   and   persisted   to   demand   his   release,   he   finally   was   freed   to   us   with   great   celebraIon!   Unfortunately   it   was   not   the   first   Ime   during   our   work   that   parIcipants   of   the   e.p.a   seminars   and   meeIngs  were  kept  from  joining  our  acIviIes  by  internaIonal  visa   policy!  (www.go-­‐epa.org/en/globalpassport)  

! ! VENUES !

We   also   enjoyed   the   company   of   local   young   people   from   Tunis,   Sfax   and   Gabes,   who   prepared   interacIve   meeIngs   and   day   outs,   who   helped   to   connect   and   get   together   to   exchange   ideas   and   contacts.  

Our venues   for   learning,   discussing   and   debaIng   the   Arab   Spring   were   in   two   ciIes:   Our   first   venue   was   in   the   city   of   Sfax,   a   major   city   in   Tunisia,   located   on   the   shore   of   the   Mediterranean   Sea.   The   city   is   the   capital   of   the   Sfax   Governorate,   and   has   a  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

storied history  and  is  located  270  km  southeast  of  the  capital  Tunis.   Our  venue  was    the  central  hotel  of  Sfax  where  we  had  plenary  and   workshop  meeIngs  meeIngs.  

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The second   venue   was   in   Hammamet,   a   coastal   resort   town   in   north   east   of   Tunisia.   Hammamet   is   just   one   hour   from   Tunis-­‐ Carthage  and  MonasIr  airports,  which  was  beneficial  for  transport.  

! ! PROGRAMME !

The programme   was   created   around   the   themes   Arab   Spring,   ciIzenship,   parIcipaIon,   dealing   with     pluralisIc   socieIes,   importance  of  gender  equaliIy  and  role  of  media.   The  study  seminar  was  balanced  between  theoreIcal  input,  intense   sharing   of   experiences   and   pracIcal   exercises   in   workshops,   debates   and   discussion   in   bigger   or   smaller   groups,   also   projects   visits   and   cultural   excursions.   We   held   an   intercultural   evening   with   delighnul  presentaIons  and  music  from  all  over  the  Mediterranean.   During   each   days   of   the   seminar   we   animated   the   programme   with   lijle   energisers   to   enjoy   short   project   presentaIons   by   all   parIcipants.  

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First of   all   we   asked   to   brainstorm   alone   and   then   in   a   group   the   meaning   of   the   Arab   Spring.   To   give   a   few   ideas:   “A   first   step   to   show  us  that  the  young  Arab  people  are  not  ‘sleeping’,  they  want,   and   need   a   bejer   world”   ,   “It’s   nothing”,   “Renaissance   of   Arabs   with   combine   of   emoIons”   ,   “Best   event   for   the   Arabs”,   “RevoluIon.   Change.   A   good   first   step”,   “The   Arab   Spring:   hope,   change,  will,  youth  iniIaIves”,  “Disappointment  ☹”.  

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Around Media   we   started   with   a   session   on   case   studies.   Some   parIcipants  made  presentaIons  on  the  rule  of  social  media  during   the  protests  which  led  to  the  Arab  Spring.  The  idea  was  to  exchange   experiences  give  an  impact  how  to  handle  benefits,  challenges  and   problems   dealing   with   different   kinds   of   media,   to   discuss  

ACer we  got  to  know  each  other  and  got  an  introducIon  into  Arab   Spring   we   had   some   theoreIcal   but   suspenseful   sessions   around   Arab  Spring,  ciIzenship  and  challenges  a  democraIc  transiIons.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

consequences and   to   bring   ideas   how   use   social   media   to   get   ciIzens  more  acIve  and  involved  in  the  democraIc  process.  

researched internaIonal   regulaIons   on   emissions,   put   them   in   contact   with   environmental   campaign   groups.   We   discussed   the   opportunity   to   organise   youth   exchanges   for   our   young   people   between   Europe   and   the   MENA   countries   and   met   young   acIvists   in  the  field.  

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Also the   session   on   gender   was   discussed   under   following   focus:   basics   of   gender   and   sex,   difference   between   the   two,   what   is   masculinity  and  femininity?  

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All workshops   were   based   on   parIcipatory   techniques,   including   cooperaIve   games,   case   studies,   group   discussions,   role-­‐playing,   problem  solving.  

! ! PARTICIPANTS COMMENTS   ! !

▪ On Social  media:   Social   media   give   an   added   value   and   opportuniIes   for   improved   youth  parIcipaIon  and  empowerment.    

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During another   workshop   session   named   ‘How   to   re-­‐build   a   mosaic   society’   we   did   pracIcal   exercises   in   small   groups   from   wriIng   some   papers   on   challenges   to   build   an   innovaIve   and   balanced   society.  

The parIcipants  agreed  that  it  is  necessary  to  ensure  the  freedom   of  expression  on  line,  but  it  is  also  necessary  to  adequately  respond   to   challenges   brought   by   Internet,   including   cybercrime,   terrorism   and  hate  speech.    

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We also   had   a   skype   meeIng   with   young   people   from   Hamburg,   the   home   base   of   e.p.a.   Our   partners   from   Hamburg   had   the   chance  to  ask  and  discuss  with  our  parIcipants  about  their  future   visions  and  hopes.  

But it   was   also   underlined   that   young   acIvists   mobilised   people   through   social   media   to   bring   a   poliIcal   change   at   the   local,   naIonal   and   ulImately   regional   or   supranaIonal   level.   However,   the   central   challenge   was   how   to   go   beyond   and   sustain   these   changes  and  have  an  impact  on  public  policies  to  secure  them.  

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During the  one  day  trip  to  Gabes,  we  were  able  to  further  look  at   the   environmental   issues   at   Gabes   with   its   phosphate   plant.   We  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

Challenges of   communicaIon   between   the   civil   society   and   authoriIes   were   menIoned   by   many   parIcipants   of   our   seminar,   especially  those  who  came  from  Arab  countries.  

To implement   a   mosaic   society   not   only   a   deep   understanding   of   each  other’s  cultures  is  needed  but  also  a  developed  way  forward   for  youth  a  pracIcal  mulI  cultural  vision  and  democraIcally  elected   leadership  and  a  posiIvely  created  future  in  and  through  diversity.  

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! ! METHODOLOGY !

Social media   is   a   tool   for   improving   youth   parIcipaIon   in   democraIc  processes  and  governance  and  a  legal  and  insItuIonal   measure   to   enhance   youth   parIcipaIon   and   to   support   capacity   building  for  an  effecIve  youth  parIcipaIon  and  improved  dialogue   with  young  people.  

As e.p.a.   was   instrumental   over   30   years   of   Training,   including   10   years  of  CoE  LTTC’s  e.p.a.  has  contributed  to  the  T-­‐Kits  and  Compass   materials.   We   indeed   used   many   of   these   methods   and   acIviIes   including  invenIng  new  ones!  

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▪ On Human  rights:   The   importance   of   the   acIvist   role   in   acIvaIng   human   rights   system   within   the   society   is   more   topical   than   ever.   Therefore   following  goals  are  to  be  aimed:  

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o Strengthening human  rights’  culture  within  the  Arab   and   global   socieIes   in   general;   through   the   parIcipaIon   of   different   categories   in   civil   society   (youth,  adults,  men,  women…)   o Studying  in  an  objecIve  way  the  current  standing  in   the   field   of   human   rights,   taking   into   account   the   fundamental  basics  of  a  democraIc  system.   o Searching  for  tools  to  improve  Human  Rights  system.   o SuggesIng   future   agendas   to   guarantee   the   implementaIon   of   human   rights   execuIon   within   society.  

▪ On mosaic  society:   The   parIcipants   define   their   society   as   a   mulIcultural   collage   rather   than   as   a   unicultural   or   unireligious   melIng   pot.   This   character  has  to  be  saved  by  a  democraIc  system.  

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e.p.a. used  Compass  and  we  gave  two  copies  of  the  Arabic  version   to  our  EgypIan  and  Yemeni  colleagues.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

The Study    Seminar  “Sustaining  the  momentum  of  the  Arab  Spring  –   young   people   face   the   challenges   of   re-­‐building   their   mosaic   socieIes”  has  offered  a  new  opportunity  to  more  than  30  dynamic   young   people   from   all   around   the   Mediterranean   to   live   a   unique   learning   experience   during   this   10-­‐days   capacity-­‐building   and   moIvaIng   solidarity   workshop.     Here   is   an   outline   of   or   methodology:  

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▪ Role-­‐plays –   issues   based   role-­‐plays   helped   in   bringing   out  the  perspecIves  and  stereotypes  of  the  parIcipants   and  build  up  lighter  atmosphere  for  discussions.     ▪ Group  exercises  –  on  different  issues  were  instrumental   in  discussion  and  debate.   ▪ Group  discussions  –  group  discussions  brought  forth  the   perspecIves   of   parIcipants   and   in   debaIng   with   each   other.   ▪ Resource  people  –  sessions  by  different  resource  people   on   issues   of   human   rights,   ciIzenship   and   Arab   Spring   helped   the   parIcipants   in   gerng   informaIon   from   a   different  perspecIve.  

We are   happy   that   this   seminar   could   contribute   an   increased   strength   to   network   and   to   the   ideas,   methods   and   aspiraIons   of   young  people,  who  together  can  rebuild  their  mosaic  socieIes  and   nourishing  the  democraIc  process.  

! ! THEMES !

Our workshops  and  meeIngs  were  held  under  following  focus:     ▪ Is  the  spring  sIll  sprung?  QuesIons  &  answers.   ▪ Role  of  Social  Media  in  the  revoluIon.   ▪ Migrants  and  Refugees.   ▪ Challenging  Hate  and  Prejudice  .   ▪ How  do  we  stop  Spring  turning  to  Winter.   ▪ Exchange  of  experience,  info  on  EYF.   ▪ Basics  of  gender  and  sex,  difference  between  the  two.   ▪ Round  table  discussion,  building  the  future.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

RESULTS

organisers in  order  to  gather  their  impressions,  and  get  feedback  on   the   workshops’   programme   and   the   learning   gained.   This   evaluaIon   will   be   used   by   e.p.a.   to   idenIfy   new   needs   for   future   seminars.  

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Our seminar   did   not   aim   a   full   analysis   of   the   situaIons   in   the   different  countries,  but  rather  an  observaIon  of  the  general  trends   and  recommending  improvement,  discussing  challenges  and  not  at   least   sustaining   the   special   momentum   of   the   Arab   Spring.   SIll   references   were   recommended   to   important   naIonal   good   pracIces.   The   conference   generated   a   number   of   ideas   for   new   projects.  

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The seminar   created   a   unique   space   for   colleagues   from   the   Mediterranean   to   share   their   thoughts   about   sensiIve   topics.   It   provided   a   possibility   to   network,   to   reflect   local   challenges   in   an   internaIonal   environment   that   helped   our   parIcipants   to   valorise   the   importance   of   the   work   that   is   oCen   neglected.   The   seminar   was   a   great   success   in   terms   of   connecIng   young   people.   The   workshop   results   contained   important   aspects   of   respecnul   co-­‐ exisIng   and   integrated   the   theoreIcal   and   pracIcal   knowledge   of   the  overall  seminar.  In  many  years  of  e.p.a  .experience  it  is  part  of   the  process  but  sIll  astonishing  how  an  internaIonal  study  seminar   became  a  catalyst  for  acIvism  in  a  community.  

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Thanks to  the  European  Youth  FoundaIon  of  the  Council  of  Europe   for  the  financial  support,  thanks  to  the  SICung  “do”,  thanks  to  our   host   OVC   and   to   all   supporters   behind   the   scene   and   thank   to   all   acIve  parIcipants!  

! ! QUESTIONS WERE  FORMULATED  AS  FOLLOWS   !

! ! EVALUATION, LESSONS  LEARNED  AND  RECOMMENDATIONS   !

▪ For me  the  Arab  Spring  is…   ▪ What  was  the  nicest  experience  for  you  during  this  Seminar,     the  most  important  and  the  most  moving  one?   ▪ What  did  you  learn  during  the  Seminar?  

At the   last   session   of   the   workshop,   parIcipants   were   asked   to   complete   an   anonymous   evaluaIon   form   prepared   by   the  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

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▪ What did   you   discover   about   our   theme   “Sustaining   the   momentum  of  the  Arab  Spring”  during  the  workshop  ?   ▪ Which   “bit/square”   to   conInue   (re-­‐)   building   the   mosaic   society,  can  you  take  back  to  your  community?   ▪ Would   you   encourage   your   friends   to   take   part   in   an   InternaIonal  Seminar?  Why?   ▪ What  would  you  change  for  a  next  Seminar?   ▪ Other  comments  you  wish  to  share….  

! ! WE WERE  HAPPY  ESPECIALLY  TO  READ  THAT...     !

▪ the programme   and   the   topics   discussed   were   appreciated   by   all   parIcipants.   Especially   the   European   parIcipants   expressed   their   appreciaIon   for   what   they   have   learned   about  the  Arab  Spring  during  the  seminar.     ▪ the   methodology   used   was   much   appreciated   for   being,   experience-­‐based,  parIcipatory  and  creaIve.     ▪ the  venues  and  the  accommodaIon  for  the  workshop  were   in  general  qualified  as  peaceful,  nice  and  comfortable.       Sincere  and  warm  thanks  go  to  all  parIcipants,  facilitators,  funders   and  volunteers.     Your   acIve   parIcipaIon   and   contribuIon   to   the   success   of   the   seminar  make  it  an  important  step  in  the  journey  ahead  towards  re-­‐ building  a  mosaic  society.   In   reporIng   this   Seminar   we   are   aware   that   the   parIcipants   themselves  are  our  best  annalists  and  criIcs  there  follows  a  secIon   of  their  wrijen  comments  during  the  final  evaluaIon.  

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WE THANK  OUR  PARTNERS   AND  FUNDERS  FOR  SUPPORTING  THIS  ACTIVITY



e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

Â

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

For me  the  Arab  Spring  is…  

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✓ “Renaissance of  Arabs  with  combine  of  emoIons”     ÖZGE,  Turkey.  

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RAMY, Germany.  

✓ “One of  the  4  seasons  of  the  Arab  year!!  Change  with   ups,  downs  and  downs,  but  a  necessity!”     ROAA,  Yemen.  

✓ “… knowing  that  change  is  possible,  when  we  stand   together  for  the  bejerment  of  our  community.”     MIKHAIL,  Malta.  

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✓ “Best event  for  the  Arabs.”  

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✓ “RevoluIon. Change.  A  good  first  step.”    

✓ “… something  special,  but  the  autumn  quickly  came.”     MARWA,  Tunisia.   ✓ “…  crush,  crush!”    

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MELEK, Tunisia.  

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NIEVES, Spain.  

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HEDAYA, Egypt.  

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✓ “A show  of  a  crazy  world,  broke  the  system  and  how  the   people  can  and  must  say  ‘stop’  and  propose  alternaIves   for  the  life.”     PORTAL,  Spain.  

✓ “A first  step  to  show  us  that  the  young  Arab  people  are   not  ‘sleeping’,  they  want,  and  need  a  bejer  world.”     CATARINA,  Portugal.   ✓ “Excuse  me?”    

FAROUK, Tunisia.  

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✓ “A new  season,  with  flowers  we  are  about  to  pick.”     AMIRA,  Tunisia.   ✓ “New  hope.”    

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✓ “It’s nothing.”    

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✓ “Disappointment ☹”    

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SERTAC, Turkey.  

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AHMED, Egypt.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ “The Arab  Spring:  hope,  change,  will,  youth  iniIaIves.”     IHSEN,  Tunisia.  

What was  the  nicest  experience  for  you  during  this  Seminar,    the   most  important  and  the  most  moving  one?  

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✓ Nicest: the  day  trip  to  Tunis  where  we  met,  ate  and  had  tea   with  members  of  other  NGOs.  The  casual  ambient  allowed   for  some  very  interest  conversaIons;  Most  important:  the   Mediterranean  Cafe;  Most  moving:  the  personal   experiences  of  some  of  the  parIcipants.   MIKHAIL,  Malta  

✓ “A chance  for  the  people  to  develop  free  and  find  their   place  in  the  future.”     JASMIN,  Germany.  

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✓ “An amazing  uprising  of  Arabic  Youth,  to  see  the   dictators  so  shocked…  and  changing  the  world  order  as   well.”   TONY,  England.  

✓ Nicest experience  for  me  was  is  to  see  4  ciIes  of  Tunisia,   feel  the  atmosphere  of  the  life  in  local  areas.  Most   important  and  most  moving  one  during  the  Seminar  had   been  the  experience  of  Mosaic  Society  idea  carrying  by   young  people/acIvists/volunteers/youth  workers  in  MENA   Region.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

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✓ “An opportunity,  especially  for  the  young  generaIon  to   develop  their  future  as  well  as  the  future  of  further   generaIons  in  a  bejer/good  way.”   MAREN,Germany.  

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✓ It was  the  intercultural  evening:  it  gave  me  a  taste  of  all   cultures  represented  at  the  seminar,  and  it  strengthened  my   willingness  of  knowing  more  about  their  respecIve   socieIes.  The  intercultural  evening  also  was  a  proof  of  how   people  can  be  united  in  diversity.   N.N.  

✓ “A Season  coming  back  every  day,  aCer  the  3  others.”     PHILIPPE,  France.  

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✓ “An uprising  from  people,  who  want  to  parIcipate  and   decide  and  change.”     GABRIELE,  Germany.  

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✓ During the  seminar,  I  felt  with  great  illusion  the  power  to   share  life  experiences  with  youth  from  other  countries,   cultures  and  customs.  Especially  I  found  an  interesIng   learning  space  Mediterranean  coffee,  where  we  know  the  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

different youth  iniIaIves  which  creates  and  promotes  the   process  of  change,  their  lijle  revoluIon.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

✓ A personal  moving  souvenir  of  Tunisia  30  years  ago.   Wonderful  commited  young  people  fighIng  for  a  peaceful   bejer  future.     PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France  

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✓ To share  my  room  with  other  girls  from  other  countries  and   chat  about  our  culture.   AMNA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

✓ Being with  people  from  different  countries,  different   languages,  religions  and  cultures  and  exchange  ideas  and   thoughts.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

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✓ The most  important  and  nicest  experience  was  to  get  to   know  all  the  parIcipants  and  some  of  their  life-­‐stories.  It   was  an  eye-­‐open  and  moving  experience  as  some  people   experienced  Terrible  things  and  are  sIll  being  life  affirming.   It  is  just  wonderful  and  a  great  pleasure  to  have  the  change   spending  Ime  with  them  and  get  to  know  their  strengths   and  posiIve  ways  of  thinking.  Furthermore  to  see  the   engagement  of  Crista-­‐Berta  and  Toni,  even  aCer  so  many   years  they  sIll  believe  in  the  good  and  never  gave  up  hope.   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany  

✓ The funny,  harmonial  and  various  games  (energizers).   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

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✓ The most  important  workshop  was  for  me  the  mosaic   society  workshop.     AMIRA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

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´What did  you  learn  during  the  Seminar?  

!

✓ The nicest  experience  is  meeIng  different  parIcipants  from   different  countries.  The  most  important  experience  is  the   workshops  and  the  most  moving  one  is  the  visit  to  Gabes.     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

✓ Respect the  other.      

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N.N., Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ That developing  a  mosaic  society  is  possible,  irrespecIve  of   our  differences  in  opinions  and  tradiIons  and  occasional   misunderstandings.  I  also  learnt  a  bit  about  myself,  things  I   should  improve.  And  the  importance  of  communicaIon!   MIKHAIL,  Malta  

✓ Nicest –  The  workshop  of  the  ‘Mosaic  Society’.   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ More than  having  knowledge  I  could  have  chance  to   parIcipate  in  this  Seminar  and  experience  it.  I  have  learnt   young  people's  experiences  in  their  life,  general  overview  of   the  civil  socieIes  in  MENA  Region,  lifestyle  and  prioriIes  of   the  people  on  their  cultural  background.  I  learned  how  to   pracIce  “tolerance”  ☺   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

experiences we  strengthen  and  take  momentum  to  sustain   and  conInue  our  own  process  of  change.  But  I  also  learned   that  we  sIll  have  a  long  way  to  go  in  the  context  of  cultural   diversity,  we  are  in  a  fabulous  space  to  begin  building  the   learning  space,  but  we  sIll  have  a  long  way  to  go.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

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✓ Respect the  other  despite  the  superficial  differences   between  us.  People  are  equal  in  their  basic  wish  for  peace   and  happiness.   AMNA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

✓ During the  seminar,  I  discovered  a  lot  of  things,  other   cultures,  habits.  I  formulated  many  ideas.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

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✓ I learnt  what  was  the  Arab  Spring,  how  it  happened,  how   the  people  is  reacIng  and  how  the  Arab  Spring  is  changing   the  world.   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

✓ I learnt  a  lot  about  the  recent  trends  of  democracy   promoIon  in  the  MENA  region  directly    from   representaIves  of  civil  society.  And  I  saw  how  civil  society  is   admirably  fighIng  for  a  bejer  society  despite  numerous   obstacles  and  some  regression  in  the  region's   democraIzaIon  process.   N.N.  

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✓ I learned  more  about  my  social  capaciIes  and  ability  to   convince  others.  To  use  mediaIon  in  building  intercultural   projects  or  debates  on  civil  society.   PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France   ✓ At  the  seminar  I  learned  that  all  countries  live  their  lijle   revoluIons,  that  youth  is  a  key  element  in  the  change   process.    Thus  as  through  the  networking,  and  sharing  

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✓ J’ai appri  pas  mal  de  choses.  Le  plus  important  pour  moi:  j’ai   communiqué  avec  les  parBcipants  mulBnaBonals  et  j’ai   découvert  comment  ils  contribuent  pour  le  bien  de  leur   societé.   ✓ I  have  learned  a  lot  of  things.  The  most  important  for  me   was  that  I  had  the  chance  to  communicate  with  the   internaIonal  parIcipants  and  that  I  discovered  what  they   contribute,  each  of  then  to  their  own  society.   AMIRA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  


e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ Passion, trust,  criIcal  perspecIve  on  myself,  how  hard  life   can  be,  issues  facing  intercultural/internaIonal  exchange,   love.   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

✓ Young people  seem  really  disappointed  by  the  poliIcal   result  of  the  revoluIons  but  got  from  the  wish  to  invent  new   ways  of  building.     PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France    

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What did  you  discover  about  our  theme  “Sustaining  the   momentum  of  the  Arab  Spring”  during  the  workshops  ?  

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✓ Tunisia is  the  most  wonderful  country.    

✓ During the  workshops,  I  discovered  that  youth  are  full  of   ideas,  life,  hope  and  all  together.  We  will  make  a  change  and   improve  our  contries  and  our  world.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

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N.N., Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ I discovered  other  countries’  cultures  maybe  and  I   discovered  also  other  country’s  suffer.     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

✓ Sustaining' the  momentum  is  tougher  when  there  is  a   complete  lack  of  moIvaIon  due  to  a  strong  feeling  of   resignaIon...  parIcularly  among  the  Arab  parIcipants.   MIKHAIL,  Malta  

✓ It concludes  much  move  topics  and  issues  that  people   associate  with  the  name  “Arab  Spring”,  although  sad,  that   we  almost  didn’t  talk  about  the  Arab  Spring,  it’s  processes  n   different  countries  and  recent  burning  points.   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

✓ All I  have  discovered  by  theme  "Sustaining  the  momentum   of  Arab  Spring"  is:  respecIng  others,  creaIng  new  idea  of   democracy,  empowering  young  people  parIcipaIon  in   decision-­‐making,  being  aware  of  the  value  of  our  cultures.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

✓ I have  discovered  a  lot  of  things,  because  in  Portugal  we   almost  don’t  have  informaIon  about  the  Arab  Spring.   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

✓ I discovered  that  the  momentum  of  the  Arab  Spring  is   unfortunately  decreasing.  However,  I  also  discovered  with   admiraIon  that  civil  society  and  ordinary  people  do  not  give   up  their  hopes,  and  keep  on  fighIng  for  a  bejer  society.   N.N.  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ I found  that  is  a  flame  that  burns  slowly,  and  that  the  youth   must  maintain  the  illusion  and  desire  to  move  toward   change  to  keep  her  alive,  but  without  moIvaIon  is  very   easy  to  leave  off.  I  know  different  life  histories  linked  to  this   moment  in  Ime,  all  with  a  view  common  but  many  nuances.     NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

✓ Respect, try  to  go  outside  and  communicate  ‘face  to  face’,   someImes  internet  make  it  hard.   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

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✓ The bejer  understanding  that  a  country  or  a  culture  or  his   people  cant  be  put  in  a  limited  frame.  We  knew  it  before  but   we  had  to  live  wonderful  examples.     PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France  

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✓ I discover  that  the  arab  spring  just  the  beginning  and  we   have  long  way  to  go  together.   AMNA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ Respect, love,  forgiveness….    

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N.N., Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ It is  important  to  talk  to  people  who  were  directly   confronted  with  the  Arab  Spring  as  the  media  coverage   mostly  show  one  side  of  it.  It  made  me  realize  that  many  –   especially  young  people  -­‐  were  encourage  to  do  something   for  their  society  and  trying  to  change  the  future  for  the   bejer.  Although  the  Arab  Spring  has  many  negaIves  sites   the  most  posiIve  one  is  the  peoples  moIvaIon  of  doing   good  and  their  hope  that  it  is  possible  to  change  the  future.   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany.   Which  “bit/square”  to  confnue  (re-­‐)  building  the  mosaic  society,   can  you  take  back  to  your  community?  

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✓ More hope,  potenIal  to  change  my  society  and  coordinate   with  other  Tunisian  acIvists  to  work  at  the  building  of   mosaic  society.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

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✓ Tolerance, where  it’s  needed  and  useful,  feeling  of  one  big   family.   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

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✓ A general  overview  of  MENA  Region,  level  of  young  people   parIcipaIon  in  Tunisia,  common  understanding  and  values   of  Human  Being,  friendship  and  future  project.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

✓ I’ll certainly  take  back  good  memories.     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ Responsibility; CommunicaIon;  Awareness.  

What would  you  change  for  a  next  Seminar?  

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MIKHAIL, Malta  

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N.N., Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ In a  mosaic  society  all  squares  are  vital,  since  all  of  them  are   interconnected,  thus  I  would    take  all  of  them.  However,   since  I  am  asked  to  pick  one,  I  would  definitely  choose  the   one  represenIng  "dignity",  since  the  Arab  Spring  is  above  all   about  respect  for  human  dignity.   N.N.  

✓ For the  next  seminar,  I  want  to  see  a  clear  program  and  clear   workshops’  themes.  However,  I  want  to  see  the  same   parIcipants.  ☺     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ I bring  enthusiasm,  strength  and  great  friends  travel,  which   allows  me  to  conInue  our  lijle   ✓ revoluIon,  walking  toward  the  change  process  knowing  that   we  are  not  alone,  that  at  every   ✓ point  in  the  world,  someone  contribuIng  to  that  change,   fighIng  for  a  bejer  world.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain   ✓ Respect,  love,  forgiveness.  

✓ Nothing ☺    

✓ The punctuality  of  the  parIcipants  and  if  it  was  possible   more  parIcipants  of  each  country.  (  I  am  the  only   Portugese.)   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

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✓ More coordinaIon  between  the  different  partners.  To  try  to   have  less  comfort  but  be  closer  from  the  local  populaIon.   PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France  

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AMNA, Gabes,  Tunisia  

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✓ The hotel  by  a  center  of  youth  or  a  hosIng  families.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

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✓ This seminar  expanded  my  point  of  view  re  the  Arab  Spring  -­‐   see  above  answer.     ✓ The  a.m.  experience  gives    me  hope  and  moIvaIon  to  go  on   with  the  volunteering  work.   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany  

✓ SuggesIons: choices  in  topics  that  should  be  discussed,   some  strict  rules  for  the  harmony’s  protecIon.   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ Perhaps to  bejer  link  one  acIvity  and  the  next;  To  get   everyone  to  keep  a  journal  of  one's  thoughts/reflecIons  of   the  day,  and  perhaps  share  them  with  the  rest.   MIKHAIL,  Malta  

✓ I would  give  more  space  to  the  experiences  of  each   parIcipant  and  /  or  organisaIon.  And  especially  in   workshops  where  work  is  done  in  common,  moIvate  the   parIcipaIon  of  all  parIcipants,  knowing  that  not  everyone   has  the  same  ease  of  words.  I  recognise  the  difficulty  to  be   so  many  different,  is  complex,  so  working  with  the  group   have  to  be  permanent  coordinated  by  good  facilitators  (as   on  this  occasion  has  been  e.p.a.).  And  finally  in  the  visits  to   the  host  site,  I  think  it  would  be  interesIng  given  greater   visits  related  content  or  theme  to  work,  in  addiIon  to   spaces  that  encourage  group  cohesion  and  facilitate  the   relaIonship.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

! !

✓ I would  like  to  change  the  place  where  we  had  the  Seminar.  I   wish  to  host  next  Seminar  in  Turkey.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey   ✓ For  me  nothing!!!    

! !

AMNA, Gabes,  Tunisia  

! !

✓ I think  that  it  is  quite  good  to  have  an  agenda  right  before   the  seminar  which  is  send  out  to  the  parIcipants,  so  that   they  can  prepare  some  presentaIons  /  info  materials  in   their  home  countries.  I  think  that  this  could  guarantee  a   stronger  process  of  the  workshops  and  therefore  outputs.   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany  

Would you  encourage  your  friends  to  take  part  in  an  Internafonal   Seminar?  Why?  

!

! !

! !

✓ Yes, yes,  yes…!!  This  seminar  is  the  nicest  and  the  most   important  experience  in  my  life.     N.N.,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

! !

✓ In my  opinion,  the  following  changes  should  be  put  in  place:   more  workshops  addressing  in  much  more  detail  poliIcal,   economic  and  social  issues  of  the  MENA  region;  workshops   proposing  projects  (developed  by  the  parIcipants)  with   more  realisIc  goals  taking  into  consideraIon  the  recent   development  of  the  MENA  region.   N.N.  

✓ For sure,  I’ll  encourage  them,  cause  it’s  a  great  experience   that  can’t  happen  twice.     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

! !

✓ Yes, of  course!  It’s  a  unique  opportunity  to  learn  and  also  to   share  our  ideas.   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

! !

!

20


e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

✓ Of course!  Because  it’s  a  great  chance  to  change  our  point   of  views  on  others  and  to  discover  culture  that  we  are  not   used  to  meet.   PHILIPPE,  PoiIers,  France   ✓ Yes,  because  this  experience  can  be  enriching  both  at   personal  and  professional  level.  

✓ Absolutely yes!  A  young  person;  who  has  ideas  for  future,   who  has  hope,  who  is  expecIng  to  live  in  a  world  where   there  is  always  peace  instead  of  wars,  who  wants  to   broaden  their  horizons  and  who  is  ready  to  serve  to   Humanity,  should  take  part  in  an  InternaIonal  Seminar.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

! !

! !

N.N.

✓ I think  it  is  always  a  good  opIon  parIcipaIon  in  an   internaIonal  seminar.  These  meeIngs  promote  personal   growth  of  each  of  the  parIcipants,  allowing  knowledge  and   share  your  day  to  day  with  people  from  different  countries,   cultures  and  customs.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

! !

✓ Differently, I  will  encourage  my  friends,  family  and   colleagues  to  take  part  of  an  internaIonal  seminar,  cause  it   can  help  them  to  discover  a  lot  of  things  which  could  help   them  in  their  life  and  encourage  them  to  serve  their   socieIes.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

! !

✓ Yes yes  yes...!!!  This  seminar  is  the  nicest  and  the  most   important  experience  in  my  life.   AMNA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

! !

! !

✓ Yes. New  experiences,  learning  tolerance  and  respect,   gerng  to  know  the  rest  of  their  family,  achieving  a  more   objecIve  conscious.   RAMY,  Berlin,  Germany  

! !

✓ Definitely. It  is  great  opportunity  to  meet  with  other  like-­‐ minded  people,  learn  from  their  experiences,  and  share   ideas,  and  hopefully  develop  plans  to  bejer  the  world  we   live  in.   MIKHAIL,  Malta  

! ! !

! ! 21

✓ I would  definitely  encourage  everybody  to  take  part  in  an   InternaIonal  Seminar  as  this  makes  you  think  outside  the   box.  You  can  learn  from  people  with  other  cultures,   backgrounds  which  is  a  good  opportunity  for  further   projects,  maybe  projects  which  can  be  established  and   conducted  together  internaIonally.  It's  a  good  foundaIon  of   internaIonal  cooperaIons.   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany  


e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

Other comments  you  wish  to  share….  

!

✓ To see  all  these  people  again  …  <3    

✓ I'm grateful  to  the  people  who  had  been  giving  us  this   chance  to  parIcipate  in  this  Seminar,  who  had  been   supported  to  this  Seminar  to  be  held  in  Tunisia,  who  had   been  parIcipaIng  and  purng  their  friendly  contribuIon  to   the  Seminar.   SERTAC,  Bursa,  Turkey  

N.N., Gabes,  Tunisia  

! !

! !

✓ We have  to  remember  good  memories  and  forget  about  the   bad  ones.  We  can’t  deny  that  we  had  fun  and  laugh  from   heart.  Even  if  Hammamet’s  hotel  is  not  good,  but  it  united   us.  Love  you  all.     MARWA,  Gabes,  Tunisia  

✓ The seminar  has  a  big  potenIal,  which  however  was  not   fully  exploited.  The  program  had  been  changed  several   Imes  at  the  last  moment,  and  someImes  was  not  clear.   N.N.    

! !

! !

✓ I would  like  to  say  thank  you  to  e.p.a,  Yalla  and  OVC  for   everything,  you  are  awesome  ☺   CATARINA,  Lisbon,  Portugal  

✓ I want  to  thank  EPA  for  offering  me  this  opportunity,  that   learning  has  served  me  professionally  and  personally.   Highlight  with  respect  to  the  organisaIon  I  represent,  that   the  space  has  served  to  strengthen  networks,  and  as  an   example  of  this  in  our  next  meeIng  will  count  with  the   parIcipaIon  of  some  organisaIons  which  met  at  the   meeIng.  I  hope  to  conInue  to  build  a  bejer  world  together.   NIEVES,  Malaga,  Spain  

! !

✓ I really  took  the  decision  to  go  on  with  the  internaIonal   work  and  also  to  think  about  changes  in  my  way  of  life  for   more  and  more  alternaIve  condiIons  of  living  regarding  the   planet  issues.     PHILIPPE  -­‐  PoiIers,  France  

! !

! !

✓ The iniIaIve  is  so  important,  the  workshops  were  so   interesIng.  It  brought  to  me  a  lot  of  ideas.  Thank  for   everybody  that  suggested  and  organised  to  turn  this   seminar  true.   TASNIM,  Ariana,  Tunisia  

!

! ! 22

✓ As this  was  one  of  the  best  experience  I've  ever  made  I  want   to  thank  e.p.a.,  Yalla  and  OVC  for  organising  everything  and   the  opportunity  to  be  a  parIcipant  of  something  great  like   this  seminar.  THANK  YOU  VERY  VERY  MUCH  :)   MAREN,  Hamburg,  Germany  


e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

e.p.a. + Yalla + OVC Study Seminar e.p.a. + Yalla Study Seminar • Tunisia 2013 “Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring – “Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring – youngyoung people faceface thethechallenges re-building society” people challenges ofofre-building theirtheir society” Tunisia 2013 "

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e.p.a. Study Seminar . Sustaining the momentum of the Arab Spring . Tunisia 2013

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! CONTACT !

! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !

e.p.a.    .    european  play  work  associafon   Erzbergerstraße  3,  22765  Hamburg   Germany   Tel.:  +49.40.433  190   epa@go-­‐epa.org   www.go-­‐epa.org

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Tunisia Seminar Report 2013  

This is a report of our study visit in Tunisia in 2013, where activists from 17 countries around Europe and the Mediterranean met to discuss...

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