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.. ç x|L+ S|of+ If+ u'? uf]/vgfyfo gdM .. .. ç k/d tTjfo lglvn]Zj/fo u'?Eof] gdM ..

cfWoflTds zlQm cg';Gwfgd"ns dfl;s =

jif{ !%

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c° !

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efb| @)&)

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k"0ff{° !^(

hfgsf/L l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf] k|rlnt sfg"gcg';f/ ljlwjt\ ¿kdf btf{ ePsf] Ps cg';Gwfgd"ns cfWoflTds ;+:yf xf] / o;sf] s]Gb|Lo sfof{no xfn a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}Fdf /x]sf] 5 . k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fh Pj+ g]kfnLx¿sf uj{sf k|ltd"lt{ dxfof]uL >L lzj uf]/Ifsf] cg'sDkf, s[kf Pj+ cfzLjf{bsf] kmn:j¿k o; s]Gb|sf] hGd ePsf] xf] . cfgf] 5'§} klxrfg, :jtGq cl:tTj Pj+ cfg} lsl;dsf] :jfledfg af]s]sf] of] ;+:yf b]z ljb]zdf /x]sf cGo s'g} ;+3, ;+:yf jf cf>dsf] zfvf, pkzfvf jf ;Dks{ sfof{no gePsf] Joxf]/f ;DalGwt ;a}sf nflu hfgsf/L u/fOPsf] 5  . of] s]Gb| dxfg\ u'?x¿sf] :ki6 ;"Id dfu{lgb]{zgdf cfWoflTds o'u k'glg{df{0fsf] nIodf ultzLn 5  . oxf“ ;+rfng eO/x]sf ;Dk"0f{ sfo{qmd tyf ultljlwx¿ o;} s]Gb|dfkm{t\ ;f]´} lgb]{lzt 5g\ . oxfFaf6 pknAw x'g] ;Dk"0f{ ;fdu|Lx¿sf] k|f0fk|lti7f ljz]if¿kdf oxL cf>daf6 ul/Psf] x'G5 . To;}n] Ps :jtGq / cfkm}Fdf ;Ifd o; ;+:yfnfO{ cGo s'g} ;+3, ;+:yf jf cf>d;Fu t'ngf ug{ vf]Hg', To:t} k|sf/sf s'/fx¿ oxfFaf6 nfu" u/fpg, k|fKt ug{ vf]Hg' o; ;+:yfsf] cjx]ngf u/] ;/x x'g]5, h] hlt sfo{qmdx¿ oxfF ;+rfng eO/x]sf 5g\ / cfufdL lbgx¿df klg ;+rfng x'Fb} hfg]5g\, tL ;a} k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx¿s} OR5f Pj+ lgb]{zgcg';f/ ;DkGg x'g]5g\ . To;}n] cgfjZos ts{–ljts{, z°f–pkz°f u/L, e|d km}nfpFb} o; ;+:yfsf] 5ljdfly cgfjZos 6Lsf–l6Kk0fL ug'{ ;Totf / jf:tljstfdfly g} k|ZglrÅg nufpg' xf] . k|To]s JolQmsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ ;Dk"0f{ k|sf/sf dfu{lgb]{zg k|bfg u/L ef}lts ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg ub}{ cfWoflTds pRrtf k|bfg ug{, k"0f{tfdf n}hfg of] s]Gb| ;Ifd 5 . ljZjf; cljZjf;eGbf dfly, ;fwf/0f JolQmsgf] ;Lldt ;f]rfO, ljrf/ / sNkgfeGbf k/sf] o; clåtLo cf>ddf cfa4 eO{ cfgf] hLjgnfO{ pTsif{df k'¥ofpg ;Sg' g} xfd|f] cxf]efUo x'g]5 . o:tf k|sf/sf cgfjZos e|daf6 ;ts{ x'Fb} k"0f{¿kdf :ki6 eP/ dfq cl3 a9\g x'g ;Dk"0f{ dxfg'efjx¿df l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| xflb{s cg'/f]w ub{5 . ;fy} s]Gb|sf] cfg} k|sf/sf] gLlt, lgod / cg'zf;g ePsf]n] o;nfO{ kfngf ug{ g;Sg] JolQmx¿sf nflu o; s]Gb|df s'g} :yfg /xg] 5}g / o;;DaGwL s'g} lsl;dsf] ;'g'jfO klg gx'g] Joxf]/f cjut u/fOPsf] 5 . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|af6 k|sflzt ‘uf]/If lglvn jf0fL' g]kfns} klxnf] cfWoflTds zlQm cg';Gwfgd"ns dfl;s klqsf xf] . ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] cfzLjf{b:j¿k o; klqsf @)%^ ;fn efb| dlxgfb]lv cgj/t ¿kdf k|sflzt eO/x]sf] 5 . sf7df8f}F lhNnf k|zf;g sfof{nodf btf{ ePsf] o; klqsfsf] btf{ g+= &)÷)%^ xf] . of] klqsf wd{sf] gfddf x'g] u/]sf] zf]if0f, cf8Da/ Pj+ kfv08lj?4 cfjfh p7fp“b} jf:tljs tYonfO{ hg;dIf phfu/ u/L cfWoflTds hfu/0fsf] jftfj/0f agfpg] sfo{df ;l/s x“'b} cfPsf] 5 . k|sfzgsf] ­z'ef/Deb]lv g} cnUu} klxrfg Pj+ cl:tTj agfpg ;kmn o; klqsfn] d+q, t+q, of]u, cfo'j]{b, ;Ddf]xg, Wofg, j]b, k'/f0f, pklgifb\ cflbh:tf Clifd'lgx¿åf/f k|ltkflbt tYox¿sf] Jojxfl/s Pj+ j}1flgs kIfx¿nfO{ k|:t't ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . klqsf :jb]z Pj+ ljb]zdf ;d]t cfgf nfvf}F kf7s Pj+ k|z+;sx¿df´ nf]slk|o x'“b} uO/x]sf] 5 . j]a;fO6dfkm{t\ k9\g kfOg] Joj:yfn] ljZje/ 5l/Psf nfvf}F g]kfnLx¿df´ klg lk|o 5 . klqsfdf k|sflzt n]v, /rgf, lj1fkg, lrqflbdf ;Dkfbs jf k|sfzssf] ;xdlt x'g' cfjZos g/x]sf] klg hfgsf/L u/fOG5 .

klqsf Joj:yfkg ;ldltåf/f ;Dkflbt Pj+ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|åf/f k|sflzt d"No ?= #)÷–, jflif{s ?= #%)÷–

klqsfsf] sfof{no a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}“, kf]=a=g+= !)%!!, @&^) kmf]gM )!–$#*(!%$,

URL: gnv.org.np, Email: info@gnv.org.np

klqsf;DaGwL s'g} klg hfgsf/Lsf nflu df]= (*$!#!%*^% df ;Dks{ /fVg ;Sg'x'g]5 .

=

o;leq cfg} s'/f @ uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf] uf}/jdo==== * uf]/If lglvn jf0fL ljljw¿kdf !) cf/tL ;+rfgn s]Gb| v'bLsf]=== !@ lzjuf]/IfkL7 kre}ofdf /f]6 ck{0f !# sljtf÷hLjg aG5 df]tL !# v'bL cf>dsf nflu >fj0f !#, !$=== !$ b'O6f cg'ej÷cg'e"lt !* >Ls[i0f hGdfi6dL @@ >Ls[i0f k"hg @# Clifk~rdL @^ xl/tflnsf tLh @& u'?jf0fL @* uf]/vjf0fL #) k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jn] ;dfhnfO{===== #@ cfo'j]{b eg]sf] olt dfq} xf] t < #$ x:t/]vf lj1fg #% /flzkmn #^ tGq–kl/ro #* z'esfo{sf] z'ef/De z'ed'x"t{df $@ cf>d ultljlw $&

k|sfzssf] 7]ufgf l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f]“ kf]=a=g+=!)%!!, @&^), kmf]gM $#*(!%$, @!))!%#

d'b|0f e]/fO6L lk|G6;{ k|f=ln= s'n]Zj/, sf7df8f]F .

ssk.org.np, info@ssk.org.np

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 1


cfkm\g} s'/f ;b\u'?b]jx?sf] dxfg\ of]hgfnfO{ ;dfh;dIf k'¥ofpg, ;b\u'?b] jx?sf lbJotd\ jf0fLx?nfO{ hg hgdf k'¥ofpg cfWoflTds v'/fs, cfWoflTds ofqfnfO{ ;xh agfpg l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] k|sfzg u/] sf] uf]/If lglvn jf0fL !% cf}F jif{df k|j]z ug{ ;kmn ePsf] 5 . o; P]ltxfl;s 38Ldf o; klqsfsf] o; uf}/jdo kGw|f}F jif{df k|j]zsf] k'gLt 38LnfO{ uf]/If lglvn jf0fLn] uf}/jsf] cg'ej u/]sf] 5 . ;j{k|yd t o; Oltxf; /Rg uf]/If lglvn jf0fL s]jn s]jn u'?s[kf:j?k dfq ;kmn ePsf]n] ;b\u'?b]jk|lt gtd:ts x'Fb} sf] l6sf]l6 gdg ck{0f ub{5f}F . o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fLn] ljleGg ptf/r9fj, ljleGg ;+3if{x?nfO{ kf/ ub}{ cfhsf] lbg;Dd lg/Gt/¿kdf k|sflzt x'Fb} ;dfhdf uf]/ If lglvn ;Gb]z 5g{ ;kmn ePsf] 5 . o; klqsfn] g]kfndf g} cfWoflTds klqsfsf] cefjnfO{ k'/f ul//x]sf] 5 . Ps dfq cfWoflTds cg';Gwfgd"ns dfl;ssf] ¿kdf cfÍgf] kl/ro lbg ;Ifd ePsf] 5 . ;w}F ;bfjxf/ /xg] ;fdu|Lx?, lbJo jf0fLx?, ;fwgf, Wofgsf ljljwx?n] klqsfsf] :t/LotfnfO{ sfod /fv]sf] kfOG5 . ljljw sl7gfO{x?sf afjh'b klg klqsfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbg ;s]sf] df l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] uj{sf] dx;'; u/]sf] 5 . o; klqsfnfO{ k|ToIf, ck|ToIf?kdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t z'e–lrGtsx?nfO{ klg xflb{s wGojfb lbg rfxG5f}F . k|a'4 n]vs ju{x?, ljleGg If] qsf k|ltli7t ;fw';Gt, :jfdL ;a}nfO{ xflb{s s[t1tf 1fkg ub{5f}F . ;d:t kf7sju{nfO{ Pj+ klqsfsf] ;b:o ag]/ klqsfnfO{ ;xof]u ug] { tkfO{Fx¿ ;Dk"0f{nfO{, lj1ffkgbftf Pj+ klqsfdf v6\g] l6dnfO{ klg xflb{s wGojfb lbg rfxG5f}F . k/dk"Ho ;b\u? ' b]jx?;Fu, dftfx?;Fu cfpFbf lbgx?df klg lg/ Gt/?kdf o; klqsfnfO{ lbJotd?kdf lgsfNg ;lsof];\, xh'/x?sf] dxfg\ of]hgfdf o; klqsfsf] dfWodaf6 klg uf}/jdo e"ldsf lgjf{x ug{ ;lsof];\, klqsfsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ult x'Fb} hfcf];\ eGg] k|fy{gf ub{5f}F . o; klqsf tkfO{Fx?sf] cfÍg} klqsf xf] . o;}n], o; klqsfnfO{ c´ a9L k7gLo agfpg tkfO{Fx¿sf] ;Nnfx, ;'´fj, k|ltlqmofsf] cfzf /fVb5f}F . cGtdf, o; c+snfO{ uf}/jdo kGwf}F jif{sf] ?kdf k|sflzt u/]sf 5f}F . klqsfsf] nflu z'esfdgf cflb ;d]6]/ k|sflzt o; c+sdf eP u/]sf sdL–sdhf]/Lsf nflu k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx?;dIf / oxfFx?;Fu klg Ifdfofrgf ub}{ cfjZos ;Nnfx ;'´fjsf] ck]Iff / fVb5f}F . c:t' . 2 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


dfgj hLjgdf u'?sf] ;j{yf pRr :yfg dflgG5 . u'? k|flKtlagf dfgj hLjg Joy{ 5 . ;Dk"0f{ zf:qsf] ;Dos\ 1fg eP klg, wg ;DklQ / ¿k nfj0on] el/k"0f{ eP klg, ;d:t k|sf/sf l;l4, zlQm / P]Zjo{n] el/k"0f{ eP klg olb u'? k|fKt ePsf] 5}g eg] dflg; ck"0f{ g} x'G5 lsgls u'?n] g} ;+;f/ ;fu/af6 tf/]/ xfdLnfO{ df]Ifsf] efuLbf/ agfpg'x'G5, xfdLnfO{ c;Ld cfgGbaf6 t[Kt u/]/ k"0f{ ul/lbg'x'G5 . o;k|sf/ k"0f{tf, d'lQm clg cgluGtL l;l4 / zlQm k|bfg ug'{x'g] b'O{ ;b\u'?b]jx¿nfO{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] wf/0f ul//x]sf] 5 . u'?x¿sf] dlxdf, ul/df / kl/ro s;n] kf] lbg ;S5 / < t}klg ;fdfGo hfgsf/L;Ddsf nflu dxfg\ u'?x¿sf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro lbPsf 5f}F—

jGb] gf/fo0f+ b]j+ ;b\u'?+ lglvn]Zj/+ . 1fgfd[t/;]g}j k"t+ o]gflvn+ hut\ .. o; ljZj a|Ådf08nfO{ ef}lts Pj+ cfWoflTds¿kn] ;Gt'lnt /fVg k|s[ltåf/f lgld{t clåtLo tk:ynL g} l;4f>d xf] . dfgjhLjgsf] clGtd Wo]o o; l;4f>dsf k|f0ffwf/ k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fh x'gx' G' 5 . cfÇgf u'? :jfdL ;lRrbfgGbHo"sf] cfb]z lz/f]k/ u/L …wd{;+:yfkgfyf{o===Ú sf] z+v3f]if ub}{ pxfF ;g\ !(#% clk|n @! tf/Lvdf ef/tl:yt /fh:yfg k|fGtsf] hf]wk'/df cjtl/t x'g'eof] . j]bfWoogaf6 lzIff z'? ug'e{ Psf pxfFsf] ljjfx afx| jif{sf] pd]/df eujtL b]jL;Fu eof] . cfÇgf] hLjg kl/jf/sf] nflu dfq geP/ ;Dk"0f{ ;dfhsf] nflu xf] eGb} ljjfxkZrft\ pxfFn] y'k|} jif{ lxdfnosf u'kmf, ljs6 sGb/f / h+unx¿df ;+Gof;hLjg latfpg'eof] . To;a]nf pxfFn] ljleGg :jfdL, ;+Gof;L, of]uL, tflGqs, dflGqs, cfo'j]{bfrfo{x¿;Fu e]6]/ ljleGg ljwfdf cfkm"nfO{ lgi0fft\ agfpg'ePsf] lyof] . ;+Gof;hLjgkZrft\ k'gM u[x:ydf kms]{/ cfkm"n] k|fKt u/]sf] cfWoflTds 1fgnfO{ ;dfhdf km}nfpg] sfo{ ug'{eof] . o;sf] nflu ;of}F k':tsx¿sf] /rgf ub}{ c;+Vo lzlj/ ;~rfng u/L ;fwgf, k|jrg / bLIffsf] dfWodaf6 lzio lgdf{0f k|lqmofnfO{ hf]8 lbg'eof] . o;/L Hof]ltif, ;fd'lb|s zf:qsf ;'lj1 1ftf, tGq–dGqsf clGtd gfd, cfw'lgs wGjGtl/, ;Ddf]xg lj1fgsf d;Lxf, s'08lngL zlQmsf ;xh JofVofsf/, ;"o{ lj1fgsf ck"j{ 1fgL, w'/Gw/ /Tg lrlsT;s cflbsf ¿kdf pxfF 8f= gf/fo0fbQ >LdfnLsf] gfdaf6 ljZjdf ljVoft\ x'bF } dxfdxf]kfWofo, dGq lz/f]dl0f, ;dfh lz/f]dl0f, hub\u'? cflbsf] ;+1fn] lje"lift x'g'eof] . cfufdL uf]/If lglvn o'u lgdf{0fsf] dxfof]hgf cfÇgf lziox¿sf] sfFwdf ;'Dk]/ ;g\ !((* h'nfO{ # df dxfk|of0f lnO{ pxfF cfÇgf] d"n :yfg l;4f>d kms{g'eof] . xfn ;b\u'?b]js} ;"Id cfb]z lgb]{zgadf]lhd l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| o; dxfg\ of]hgfdf sl6a4 5 .

cgGt sf]l6 a|Ådf08 uf]/If ; r/fr/d\ . bz{gd\ d'lQm nfe+ r t:d} >L uf]/If gdM .. >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy ;Dk"0f{ u'?x¿df dxfu'?, ;Dk"0f{ of]uLx¿df dxfof]uL, ;Dk"0f{ gfyx¿df dxfgfy x'g'x'G5 . dxfof]uL >L >L u'? uf]/vgfy eujfg\ lzjsf ;a}eGbf dxŒjk"0f{ / k|d'v cjtf/sf] ¿kdf k"lht x'g'x'G5 . of]udfu{sf] k|rf/sf] nflu eujfg\ lzjn] g} uf]/If ¿k wf/0f ug'{ePsf] xf] . o;}n] pxfFnfO{ >L lzj uf]/Ifsf] ¿kdf cfb/–;Ddfg ug]{ ul/G5 . uf] zAbsf] cy{leq ;dflxt ufO{, k[YjL, OlGb|o, cflb ;Dk"0f{sf] /Iff ug]{ uf]/If g} x'g'x'G5 . >Ldb\efujt, gf/bk'/f0f, :sGbk'/f0f, a|Ådf08k'/f0f, lzjk'/f0f, zfQmk|df]b, uf]/IfuLtf cflbdf pxfFsf] af/]df pNn]v ePsf] 5 . ljZjsf] Oltxf;nfO{ x]bf{ pxfFsf] k|fs6\o ;of}F xhf/f}F jif{sf] cGt/fndf ljleGg :yfgdf ePsf] kfOG5 . o;af/] ljleGg ljåfg\x¿n] y'k|} cg';Gwfg u/]sf 5g\ . cfdfsf] sf]vaf6 geO{ cfjZostfcg';f/ cfkm} k|s6 x'g'x'g] dxfof]uL ch/–cd/ sfofo'Qm x'g'ePsf] s'/f :ki6 x'G5 . g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df x]bf{ uf]/vf /fHosf] gfdfs/0f pxfFsf] gfdaf6 ePsf] kfOG5 eg] pxfFs} cfzLjf{baf6 of] /fi6« slxNo} k/fwLg aGg' gk/]sf] uf}/jzfnL Oltxf; /x]sf] 5 . pxfFsf] C0f r'sfpg klg xfdLn] pxfFsf] elQm ug}{ kb{5 . gfyk+ysf cu|h dxfgfy u'? uf]/vgfy g]kfnsf /fi6«u'? x'g'x'G5 . g]kfndf ljleGg 7fpFdf pxfFsf d7–dlGb/x¿ 5g\ h:t} uf]/vfsf] uf]/v u'kmf, kz'kltsf] d[u:ynL kL7, xg'dfg9f]sfsf] sfi7d08k cflb . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf] cg';Gwfgcg';f/ u'? uf]/vgfy ;j{ky| d o; w/tLdf j}zfv z'Sn k"l0f{dfsf] lbg uf]/vfsf] uf]/v u'kmfdf k|s6 x'ge' Psf] lyof] . g]kfndf dfq geP/ ljZje/ pxfFsf ;Dk|bfo, dlGb/ Pj+ d7x¿ :yflkt 5g\ . cfufdL uf]/If lglvn o'u lgdf{0fsf] nflu uf]/If zlQm hufpFb} gfy k/Dk/fnfO{ ;dfhdf :yflkt ug{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| ultzLn 5 .

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 3


z'e–sfdgf uf]/If lglvn jf0fL, cfWoflTds zlQm cg';Gwfgd"ns dfl;s, kGw|f}F jif{df k|j]z ug{ nfu]sf] yfxf kfpFbf Hofb} v'zL nfu]sf] 5 . d o; klqsfsf] pQ/f]Q/ pHHjn eljiosf] nflu xflb{s z'e–sfdgf JoQm ub{5' .

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–k|f= lzjuf]kfn l/;fn g]kfnsf cfWoflTds kq–klqsfsf] Oltxf; Tolt nfdf] 5}g . slt wfld{s÷cfWoflTds klqsf lgl:sP, s]xL sfn rn] klg t/ s]xL ;dokl5 s/fn sfnsf hfndf sjlnt eP cyf{t\ lanfP . o;/L sf]xL JolQm jf ;+:yfaf6 s'g} pT;fx / hfFu/df k|sflzt ePsf cfWoflTds klqsf aLr}df aGb x'g'sf b'O{ k|d'v sf/0f 5g\— !_ cfly{s cefjsf] sf/0f @_ k|sfzs÷;Dkfbs cflbsf] pT;fxsf] cefj jf lzlyntf . ;fdfGotof wfld{s÷cfWoflTds klqsfsf] ahf/ 5}g . k};f lt/]/ lsGb}gg\— wfld{s÷cfWoflTds dfG5]x¿ slt t l;Q}F kfP klg k9\b}gg\, slt t a'em\b}gg\ klg . qmozlQm gePsf] eg] xf]Og . cGo ;flxlTos jf Joª\Uok|wfg cflb kqklqsf jf k':ts} klg lsg]/ k9\g] w]/} 5g\ . cem o'jf k':tfdf k9\g] k|j[lQ a9]sf] 5 . t/ wfld{s÷cfWoflTds If]qdf eg] kf7ssf] c;fWo sdL 5 . o:tf] wfld{s / cfWoflTds Pj+ j}rfl/s ;+s6sf a]nfdf ;d]t ‘uf]/If lglvn jf0fL’n] cfgf] kGw| jif{sf] Oltxf; s'g} si6 gef]lusg, lgjf{w¿kdf, lgoldt¿kdf, lglj{£gtfk"j{s kf/ u/]sf]df xfdL cWofTdk|]dL ;a}nfO{ cToGt xif{sf] cg'ej ePsf] 5 . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|af6 lj=;+= @)%^ ;fn efb| dlxgfb]lv k|sflzt ‘uf]/If lglvn jf0fL’ cfWoflTds zlQm cg';Gwfgd"ns dfl;s klqsfn] lgoldt k|sflzt eP/ o; If]qdf Pp6f gofF sLlt{dfg g} sfod u/]sf] 5 . k|To]s cÍ s'g} g s'g} ljz]if¿kdf k|sflzt ug'{ csf]{ dxfg\ pknlAw xf] . ;a} cÍ cg';Gwfgd"ns 5g\ . h:t} kz'klt ljz]if, ;fwgf ljz]if, gfy ljz]if, b'uf{–nIdL ljz]if cflb . s'g} cÍ klg $* k[i7eGbf sd 5}g a¿ s'g} s'g}df k[i7 a9]s} 5, 36]sf] 5}g . ;a} cÍ /lËg 5kfO, kmf]6f]x¿n] ;lhPsf], z'4, ;'Gb/ 5kfO— :tDe n]vx¿, pkof]uL ;"rgfx¿, cfWoflTds ;fdu|Lx¿n] ;lhPsf n]vx¿n] lrGtgsf nflu k|z:t v'/fs k:s]sf 5g\ . o;/L ;jf{Ëk"0f{ tGq, dGq / oGqn] el/Psf oL n]vx¿n] xfd|f] j}lbs k/Dk/fsf] Pp6f tflGqs kf6f]nfO{ /fd|/L phfu/ u/]sf 5g\ . ;+:yfsf] d'vkq ePsfn] ;+:yfsf] b}lgs, ;fKtflxs, dfl;s, jflif{s x/ k|sf/sf ultljlw, 36gf, ;df/f]x, k"hfcfhf, tLy{, j|t, pkf;gf, o1, xjg, ;fwgf cflb OToflb ;"rgf / 36gfsf] lj:t[t hfgsf/L kfOg' csf]{ ljz]iftf xf] . h;/L cfud kIfnfO{ o;n] /fd|/L ;d]6]sf] 5 To;/L g} lgud kIfnfO{ klg ;d]6\g ;s]sf] eP ;'gdf ;'uGw x'g] lyof] . j]bfGtkIf, cfWoflTds lrGtgkIf, cfTdfg';GwfgkIf, a|ÅdfTdaf]wkIf clg ;+If]kdf eGg' kbf{ kf/dfly{skIfnfO{ ;d]t ;d]6]/ ;fdu|Lx¿ lbg ;s] c;fWo /fd|f] x'g] lyof] . ‘uf]/If lglvn jf0fL’sf] csf]{ cToGt pNn]vgLo ljz]iftf xf]— oxfF ;Dkfbs uf]Ko¿kdf a;]/ ;]jf ul//x]sf 5g\ . ca t kGw| jif{sf] u'Ktjf;, uf]Kolgjf;df a;]/ u/]sf] tk:of k"0f{ eof] xf]nf . lbJo afx| jif{ k"0f{ eO;s]sfn] ;DkfbsHo"sf] bz{g -k|sflzt eP/_ aflx/ b]Vg kfP kf7sx¿sf] nfdf] k|tLIffn] ;fsf/ x'g] ;f}efUo kfpg] lyof] . x'g t of] klg uf]Kobfg xf], af}l4s bfg xf]— o;sf] cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf c;fwf/0f dlxdf klg 5 . o;df o;/L ;dlk{t eP/ ;jf{Tdefjn] ;]jfk/fo0f, cWofTdk/fo0f eP/ oqf] sfn;Dd cgj/t¿kdf nflukg'{ dxfg\ Tofu xf], tk:of xf], ;fwgf xf] . o;af6 cjZo klg sNof0f ePs} x'g'k5{ . k|sfzs ;+:yfk|lt, k|sflzt ;fdu|Lk|lt, k|sfzgdf ;dlk{t ;fd"lxs hgzlQm, dgzlQm, wgzlQm / cfWoflTds zlQmk|lt / cGTodf ;Dkfbsx¿k|lt uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf ;Dk"0f{ kl/jf/k|lt w]/} w]/} wGojfb ⁄ ;fw'jfb ⁄ uf]/If lglvn jf0fLn] cfh;Ddsf] ;fwgf / tk:ofaf6 cfh{g u/]sf] h'g c;fwf/0f sLlt{dfg 5, To;nfO{ cIf'0o / cd/ agfpg xfd|f ;Dk"0f{ b]jb]jLn] zlQm k|bfg u¿g\ / jf0fL cd/ agf];\, clåtLo agf];\, c´ cfWoflTds -nf}lss / kf/nf}lss b[li6df_ agf];\ ⁄ o;n] g]kfn /fi6«sf] cfWoflTds hfu/0f cleofgdf c;fwf/0f ;kmntf k|fKt u/f];\— oxL cgGt z'esfdgf 5 . lzjd:t' † lzj–dlGb/’ @)&).%.%. zflGts'gf, yl;v]n hg} k"l0f{df, /IffaGwg dxf]T;j nlntk'/–%

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cfo'j]{bnufotsf ljljw ljifodf ;dfhnfO{ hfgsf/L lbg] dxfg\ nIosf ;fy @)%^ ;fn efb| dlxgfb]lv o; s]Gb|n] uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf] k|sfzg cf/De u¥of] . z'?df ;+:yfsf] d'vkqsf] ?kdf rf/ k[i7af6 z'? ePsf] o; klqsfn] b'O{ dlxgfdf g} ljz]iff+ssf] ?kdf ljz]if c+s lgsfn]/ klqsfsf] :t/LotfnfO{ pRrtfdf k'¥ofpg ;kmn eof] . ;dfhdf cfWolfTds klqsfsf] cefjnfO{ kl/k"lt{ ub}{ cfWoflTds cg'Gwfgd"ns dfl;ssf] ?kdf o; klqsfn] cfÇgf] :t/LotfnfO{ sfod /fVb} ;dfhdf Ps nf]slk|o klqsfsf] ?kdf cfÇgf] kl/ro lbg ;kmn eof] . ;b:o aGg]x¿sf] ;+Vof klg j[l4 x'Fb} uof], k;n k;ndf uf]/If lglvn jf0fL klqsf vf]Hg]x¿sf] klg ;+Vof a9\b} uof] . 6f]n 6f]n, uNnL uNnL, leQf leQfdf ‘uf]/If lglvn jf0fL vf]hL vf]hL’ k9f}F eGg] lj1fkgaf6 klg klqsfsf] gfd ;a}sf] dg dl:tisdf ´'l08Psf] kfOof] . klqsfsf] gfd g;'Gg] sd} JolQm dfq kfOG5 . )%( ;fndf t ;+:yfn] hgdfg;df k|ToIf?kdf ;Dks{ df hfg ;lsof];\, u'?jf0fLnfO{ hg hgdf ;'gfpg ;lsof];\ eg]/ Pkm=Pd= /]l8of] dfkm{t\ cfÇgf sfo{qmdx¿ cl3 ;fg{ z'? u¥of] . Pkm=Pd= sfo{qmd 5f6f] ;dodf g} nf]slk|o aGg k'Uof], o;n] rrf{s]f lzv/ 5'g yfNof], cfWoflTds v' / fsn] el/Psf] , dGq tGq;DaGwL Ps dfq /]l8of] sfo{qmd ‘uf]/If lglvn ;Gb]z’dfkm{t\ ;dfhdf cfÇg} klxrfg lbg


;kmn eof], xhf/f}F JolQmx¿nfO{ ;b\u? ' b]jx¿;Fu hf]8\g ;kmn eof] . /]l8of] sfo{qmddfkm{t\ klg uf]/If lglvn jf0fLnfO{ hg hgdf k'¥ofOof] . o; klqsfsf] af/]df /]l8of]df, Pkm=Pd= df, l6=le= sfo{qmdx¿df klg rrf{ x'g yfNof] . ljleGg ;+3;+:yfx¿df, sfof{nox¿df, k;n k;ndf, 3/ 3/df, 6f] n 6f] n df uf] / If lglvn jf0fLsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ult x'Fb} uof], b;f}F xhf/eGbf a9L ;b:o ;+Vofsf] lj:tf/ x'g yfNof], xhf/f}F JolQmx¿;dIf o; klqsfnfO{ Jofks ul/of] . klqsfsf] nf]slk|otf cfÇgf] 7fpFdf a9\b} uof] . t/ klg Ps cfWofltds klqsfnfO{ lg/Gt/?kdf k|sfzg ug'{ cfkm}Fdf sd r'gf}tLk"0f{ 5}g . ;dfh clt ef}ltstftkm{ al9/x]sf] 5, dgf]/~hgfTds kqklqsfx¿ k9\gx ] ¿sf] hdftdf, /fhg}lts ljifoj:t'x¿df /Dg] hdftdf, Pp6f cfWoflTds klqsfnfO{ ;dfhdf :yflkt u/fpg' cfkm}Fdf csNkgLo g} lyof], 7"nf] ;+3if{ / r'gf}tL lyof], y'k|} ufx|f, cK7\of/fsf eLdsfo kvf{nx¿ lyP, t}klg ;+3if{x¿;Fu n8\b}, le8\b} uf]/If lglvn jf0fL cfÇgf] P]ltxfl;s j;Gtx¿ kf/ ub}{ cfhsf] lszf]/ cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5 . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| klg ulj{t ePsf] 5 ls cfÇgf] k|sfzgn] Pp6f cfWoflTds zlQm cg' ; Gwfgd" n s dfl;ssf] ?kdf cfÇgf] uf}/jdo rf}w jif{ kf/ u/L kGw|f}F jif{df k|j]z u/]sf] 5 . uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf] o; P] l txfl;s 38Ldf xfdL ;a} ulj{t ePsf 5f}F ls u'?s[kf, cfzLjf{b eof] eg] s'g} klg c;Dej /x]g5 ¤

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ljljw ¿kdf

;dosf] /Çtf/;Fu} o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fLn] cfÇgf rf}w j;Gtx¿ kf/ u/L kGw|f}F jif{df k|j]z u/]sf] 5 . o; uf}/jdo kGw|f}F jif{ k|j]zsf] k'gLt cj;/df ;b\u'?b]jx¿k|lt gtd:st x'Fb} sf]l6sf]l6 gdg ck{0f ub{5f}F . u'?s[kf, cfzLjf{b ljgf g t klqsf k|sfzg ;Dej 5, g t lg/Gt/tf g} . ;b\u'?sf] s[kf:j?k pxfFx¿s} jf0fLnfO{ hg hgdf k'¥ofpg] dxfg\ nIosf ;fy o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fL cfÇgf] nIodf ultzLn eO{ g} /fv]sf] 5, lg/Gt/?kdf u'??kL 1fg u+ufnfO{ ;dfhdf l;+lrt ug{ nflu kl//x]sf] 5 . ;dfh cln ¿vf] 5, cln ef}ltstfsf] r/d tfkn]] ;'s]sf] 5, d?e"ldh:tf] ag]sf] 5, t}klg 1fg?kL u+ufsf] ?kdf o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fL cfÇgf] ultdf cufl8 a9]s} 5, ¿vf], d?e"ld g} eP klg ;dfhdf hn 5s]{/ zLtntf lbOg} /x]sf] 5 . o; 1+uf?kL 1fgdf sltn] zLtntfsf] cg'ej u/], sltn] g'xfP, slt r'n'{Dd 8'a], o;sf] s'g} n]vfhf]vf 5}g, uf]/If lglvn jf0fL;Fu o;sf] s'g} lx;falstfa 5}g, o;sf] sfd t s]jn 1fgu+uf ag]/ ;dfhdf km}ng' xf], ;dfhsf s'gf s'gfdf k'Ug' xf], s–s;n] kmfObf lnG5g\, s–s;n] cfkm"nfO{ kljq agfpF5g\, o;sf] s'g} ;/f]sf/ 5}g . x'g klg Pp6f lg/Gt/?kdf au]sf] gbLdf sltn] kfgL lkpnfg\, sltn] 10 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

g'xfpnfg\, s–s;n] s] s] kmfObf lng ;S5g\, of] JolQmdf e/ kg]{ s'/f xf], d'v dfq w'g] ls g'xfpg] ls, v]taf/Ldf l;+rfO{ ug]{ ls cflb cflb cj;/x¿sf] ;b'kof]u JolQmdf lge{/ ub{5 . To:t}, o; klqsf klg 1fg?kL gbL ag]/ ljleGg :yfgdf, ljleGg ;dfhdf l;+lrt ul//x]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ s;/L pkof]u ug]{ eGg] s'/f JolQmdf e/ kb{5 . sltn] aflx/L se/nfO{ 9f]u]/ dfq a;] xf]nfg\, sltn] o;leqsf lbJo jf0fLnfO{ Jojxf/df ptf/] xf]nfg\, sltn] ;fwgf, Wofg u/]/ hLjgsf] dfu{ vf]h] xf]nfg\, cfWoflTds u'9 /x:onfO{ vf]tNb} cufl8 a9] xf]nfg\, sltn] of]u / cfo'j]{bnfO{ c+ufn]/ z/L/nfO{ :j:y agfP xf]nfg\, sltn] dGqhk, xjg cflb u/]/ cfÇgf] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg u/] xf]nfg\, b}jLzlQmsf] lbJotfsf] cg'ej u/] xf]nfg\ . cfWoflTds ;+;f/df s;/L cufl8 a9\g,] cufl8 a9\gsf] nflu s] ug'{k5{, s;nfO{ u'? dfGg], s] ;fwgf, Wofg ug]{ cflb sf}t'xntf, lh1f;f /fVg]x¿ :ki6 dfu{ ge]6\g]x¿nfO{ klg of] klqsf lbJo ;+hLjgL ag]sf] s}of}F pbfx/0fx¿ 5g\ . ;}of},F xhf/f}F JolQmx¿ ;b\u?' b]jx¿;Fu hf]l8g kfPsf 5g\, ;b\u'?b]j;Fusf] ldng;Fu} gofF hLjg kfPsf 5g\ . hLjgsf k|To]s df]8x¿df, hLjgsf kfOnf kfOnfx¿df ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] ;fy kfO/x]sf 5g\ . o;/L x]b}{ hfFbf uf]/If lglvn jf0fL ;dfhnfO{ ;b\u?' b]j;Fu hf]8g\ ] k'n ag]sf] 5, ;}of}F xhf/f}F JolQmx¿sf] cf:yfsf], >4fsf] s]Gb| ag]sf] 5, u'?s[kf, cfzLjf{bsf] dfWod ag]sf] 5 . slxNo} k'/fgf] gx'g] 1fg?kL u+ufx¿sf] ;+u|xsf] ?kdf ;d'Gb| ag]sf] 5 . åfk/o'usf] uLtfh:tf] slno'usf] uLtf ag]sf] 5, lbJozlQm k|flKtsf] dfWod ag]sf] 5, ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] dxfg\ of]hgfnfO{ d"t{?k lbg] dfWod ag]sf] 5, ;a}sf] 3/ 3/, clkm; clkm; k'u]/ ´s´sfpg], k|]/0ff lbg], uf]/If lglvn ;Gb]z lbg], p7, hfu, e/kbf]{ lzio ag, u'? of]hgfdf c´} v6 cufl8 a9 eg]/ cflb OToflb ;Gb]z lbg] uf]/If lglvn l;kfxL ag]sf] 5 . hLljt, hfu|t u'?tŒjsf] :ki6 pkl:yltsf] k|df0f ag]sf] 5 . o:tf] lbJotfn], u'?tŒjn], u'?s[kf, cfzLjf{bn]


cfkm\gf k/d cfb/0fLo ;b\u'?b]jx?sf] lbJo jf0fLx?n] el/Psf], lbJo ;Gb]zx?n] ;lhPsf] o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fL w]/}sf nflu u'?s[kfsf] dfWod ag]sf] 5 .

el/Psf] uf]/If lglvn jf0fLn] lszf]/ cj:yf kf/ u/]sf] 5 . o:tf] ;+u|x0fLo klqsfsf] tkfO{F klg ;b:o aGg], o;sf k'/fgf c+sx¿ ;+u|x ug]{ xf]Og t < u'?s[kf / uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M cfÇgf k/d cfb/0fLo ;b\ u ' ? b] j x¿sf] lbJo jf0fLx¿n] el/Psf], lbJo ;Gb]zx¿n] ;lhPsf] o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fL w]/}sf nflu u'?s[kfsf] dfWod ag]sf] 5 . cfÇgf ljutsf hGd Pj+ oxL hGddf u/]sf g/fd|f sd{x¿nfO{ kvfNg] dfWod ag]sf] 5 uf]/If lglvn

jf0fL . o;leqsf lbJo rLhx¿nfO{ u|x0f ub}{ Jojxf/df ptf/]/ klg u'?s[kf k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 eg] u'?sf] ;Gb]z af]ss ] f] lbJo klqsf ePsf]n] u'?sfo{dfkm{t\ u'?s[kf k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 . u'? gkfP/, cfWoflTds dfu{df cl3 a9\g g;Sg]x¿sf nflu, ;fwgf, Wofg, k"hg, xjg cflb ug{ rfx]/ klg df}sf gkfpg]x¿sf nflu of] klqsf cfkm}Fdf cd[t aGg ;S5, dfu{–lgb]{zs aGg ;S5, hLjgnfO{ af6f] b]vfpg] dfu{ aGg ;S5, b'Mv, si6, kL8fdf 56\k6fO/x]sfx¿nfO{ dnd nufOlbg ;S5, b}jLs[kf, cfzLjf{bsf] 9f]sf vf]lnlbg ;S5 . o;}n], o:tf y'k|} u'0f} u'0fn] el/Psf] o; uf]/If lglvn jf0fLnfO{ hg hgdf k'¥ofpg' tkfO{F xfd|f] klg bfloTj, st{Jo x'g cfpF5 . tkfO{Fsf] dfWodn] s;}n] ;b\u'? k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\ eg] b'Mv si6df cN´]sfx¿n] o;af6 kf/ kfpg] dfu{ k|fKt ug{ ;S5g\, oL ;a}sf] >]o tkfO{Fn] klg k|fKt ug'{ x'g]5 . s;}sf] pGglt k|ultsf] dfWod ljwftfn] tkfO{FnfO{ klg agfpg ;S5g\ . To;}n], o:tf] lbJo klqsf cfkm"n] klg k9\g], c¿ c¿nfO{ klg ;b:o agfO{ k9\g] cj;/ k|bfg u/f}F, u'?sfo{ u/f}F, ;b\u'?sf] s[kf, cfzLjf{b k|fKt u/f}F . ho u'?b]j ¤

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf Pj+ cfzLjf{b:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

b]jsf]6f jGw' ;dfh, jl/i7 pkfWoIf zflnu|fd b]jsf]6f -g]kfn clw/fHoe/sf ;Dk"0f{ b]jsf]6f aGw'x¿_ kf]v/f–@, cr{naf]6 kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 11


cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] Pltxfl;s sfo{qmd

lzj ;fwgf Pj+ cf>d ejg pb\3f6g ;df/f]x sfo{qmddf k"hg, xjg, ehgsLt{g, nIobLk ck{0f cflb ;DkGg ePsf lyP . pQm sfo{qmddf ljleGg JolQm tyf JolQmTjx¿n] cfÇgf] egfO /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdaf6 gofF JolQmx¿ ;b\u'?b]jx¿;Fu glhlsg kfPsf] ;xefuLx¿sf] egfO /x]sf] 5 . sfo{qmddf s]Gb|nufot eQmk'/, nlntk'/, uf]/vf, dWok'/ l7dL, k;f{ cflb 7fpFaf6 / ndh'ª, tgx'F, sf:sLsf cf7j6} cf>daf6 ;fws;flwsfx¿sf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy g=kf= j8f g+= !@ v'bL 9'+u]kf6g j/fnyu/, uuguf}F8f, kfj/xfp;, /fdahf/ cflb 7fpFaf6 h;–h;n] h]–h;/L ;Sg'eof], To;}u/L k|]d, ;b\efj / ;xof]u k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx¿ >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf Pj+ cfzLjf{bn] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] cfÇg} uf]/If lglvn cf/tL ejg lgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . ut >fj0f !$ ut] ;f]daf/sf] z'e lbg lzj ;fwgf;lxt cf>d ejg pb\3f6g ePsf] xf] . Ps eJo ;df/f]xsf aLr ;DkGg pQm sfo{qmdsf] klxnf] lbg laxfg} zf]efofqf lgsflnPsf] lyof] . snz;lxtsf] zf]efofqfsf] eJotf ;a}sf] cfsif{0fsf] s]Gb| ag]sf] lyof] . zf]efofqfkl5 sfo{qmdsf] z'ef/De ug'{x'Fb} ;fj/kGyL tyf s]Gb|Lo ;+of]hs /fdhL cof{n Pj+ ;fj/dft[sf tyf s]Gb|Lo ;+of]hs laGb]Zj/L a/fnHo"n] ;+oQ ' m?kdf cf>d ejgsf] pb\3f6g ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . pQm cj;/df uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf] v'bL cf>d ug'{eof] . o;/L n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf Pp6f cfWoflTds lbof] afNg] ljz]if c+ssf] ljdf]rg klg ePsf] lyof] . ;+:yfsf] cfÇg} ejg lgdf{0f ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . o; ;'vb If0fdf o; sfo{df k|ToIf ck|ToIf?kdf ;xefuL ;Dk"0f{nfO{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfn wGojfb JoQm ub{5 . v'bL cf>dsf tkm{af6 klg cf>dsf ;lrj ;fws Clif/fd ;fksf]6fn] of]ubfg ug]{ ;a}k|lt cfef/ k|s6 ug'{eof] . pxfFn] cf>dnfO{ o; cj:yf;Dd NofO{ k'¥ofpg lhG;L, gub, efj–ljrf/n] of]ubfg k'¥ofpg' ePsfnufot xªsª, cd]l/sf, a]nfotdf /x]/ gub ;xof]usf ;fy} z'e–sfdgf¿kL ;b\efj k7fpg'x'g]x¿ ;a}nfO{ wGojfb lbg'eof] . lzj ;fwgf sfo{qmdsf] ;+rfng ;fj/kGyL ;b:oHo"n] ug'e{ Psf] lyof] . lålbj;Lo sfo{qmddf kre}ofl:yt >L lzjuf]/If kL7df k/df/fWo ;b\u'?b]j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfysf] >Lr/0fsdndf /f]6 ck{0f ul/Psf] lyof] . 12 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


lzjuf]/IfkL7 kre}ofdf /f]6 ck{0f ;Gbe{—

lzjuf]/If zlQmsf] cg'ej–cg'el"t ub}{ cufl8 a9f}F k/dk"Ho ;bu'?b]j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfyn] cnv lg/~hg hufPsf] lzjuf]/If kL7 -sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy !! dre}of ufpFsf] So"j];L kmfF6sf] s]xL dfly prfOdf /x]sf]_ u'? uf]/Ifgfysf] dlGb/ g]kfns} cfWoflTds w/f]x/ xf] . o; lbJo e"lddf u'? uf]/vgfysf] s[kf, cfzLjf{bsf] cg'ej–cg'e"lt w]/} eQmhg Pj+ ;fws;flwsfx¿n] kfO;Sg' ePsf] 5 . uf]/vgfy afaf, dftf sfnL, eujfg\ e}/j / gfub]jtfsf] s[kf t 5Fb} 5, To;sf] cltl/Qm ev{/ v'bL cf/tL ;~rfng s]Gb|n] >fj0f dlxgfsf] k'gLt cj;/df cf>d ejg pb\3f6g;lxt ‘lzj ;fwgf’sf] dfWodaf6 o; If]qsf ;fy} cGo :yfgaf6 kfNg' ePsf eQmhg Pj+ ;fws;flwsfx¿nfO{ ;b\u'?b]j / eujfg\ lzj;Fu hf]8g\ ] clåtLo sfo{qmdnfO{ ;kmn kf/L cfWoflTds ;dfh lgdf{0fsf] nflu gofF l;F9L lgdf{0f ul/lbPsf] 5 . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| sf:sLdf /x]sf ;Dk"0f{ ;Dks{ sfof{no, cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb|x¿af6 >fj0f dlxgfsf] d+unaf/ ->fj0f !% ut]_ o;} uf]/IfkL7df ul/Psf] /f]6 ck{0f sfo{qmdn] afaf uf]/vgfy zlQmkL7sf] pmhf{ cg'ej ug]{ c´ a9L cj;/ k|fKt u/fPsf] 5 . uf]/IfkL7sf] ?kdf k"0f{ ljsf; u/L k|ToIf nfe

sljtf

lngsf] nflu ug{ ;lsg] sltko u'? of]hgfsf sfo{x¿ ug{ afFsL g} 5. >L lzjuf]/IfkL7 l;4f>d kre}ofsf] ;+/If0fsf] nflu u7g ePsf] sfo{ ;ldltn] o;nfO{ wfld{s ko{6g :ynsf] ?kdf ljsf; ug{sf] nflu ;+:s[t, Hof]ltif, cfo'j]{b, of]u, Wofg, ;fwgf cflb xfd|f k"jL{o bz{gsf ;a} ljwfx¿sf] s]Gb| agfpg] nIo /fvL u'? of]hgf tof/ kf/]sf] 5 . o; sfo{qmdsf] k"0f{ ;kmntfsf] nflu k/dk"Ho ;bu'?b]jx¿sf] s[kf, cg'sDkf Pj+ cfzLjf{b k|fKt xf];\ egL k|fy{gf u/f}F / o; k'gLt sfo{df ;a} ;fws;flwsf Pj+ eQmhgx¿sf] cfTdfaf6} u'?sfo{df h'6\gsf] nflu >4f, elQm ;w}F hflu/xf];\, hfuL /xf];\, hfuL /xf];\ . cGTodf, v'bL cf>d ejg lgdf{0f ug]{ qmddf u'?s[kf, cfzLjf{b lz/df yfkL pRr dgf]ansf ;fy, ;fx;k"0f{ u'?sfo{ ug]{ h'´f? / sd{7 v'bLsf ;Dk"0f{ ;fws;flwsf, eQmhg Pj+ ;xof]uL ldqx¿k|lt l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| uf}/j ub{5 / ;bf ;bfsf] nflu C0fL /xg] 5 . u'?sfo{ ug]{ qmddf ePsf uNtL, sdL–sdhf]/LnfO{ k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j / oxfFx¿ ;a};Fu Ifdf dfUb5f}F . ho u'?b]j ¤

L t ] f d 5 G hLjg a

uf]/vn] lg/~hg -cnv_ hufPsf] 7fpF, lbJo r}tGo 5 v'bL kre}of ufpF, uf]/vsf] s[kf eof] cem} xfdLdfly, lbg lbg ug{ kfOof] u'?sf] cf/tL@ . ls/ft]Zj/ lzjhLsf] a;]/ sfvdf, uf]/v lglvn u'?b]j /fv]/ cfFvfdf, ca ltd|f] ;]jf ug{ kfpmF h'gL h'gL, ;+;f/nfO{ lrgfpg] 5f}F lbJo uf]/ve"ld@ . /fd3ff6, n]vgfy, v'bL, eujtL, nffdfrf}/, dfn]kf6g, 3ffdL{, ljGWojf;L, cf7} wfddf an]sf] 5, u'?sf] cf/tL, efUodfgL ePsf] 5 sf:sL lhNnff clt@ .

ltDn] xft /flvlbP hLjg aG5 df]tL, ltDn] xft lemsLlbP lgE5 cfTdf Hof]lt, ltd|f] s[kf ljgf u'? sfF 5 / cfgGb, dgleq j:g' ef5 ;lRrbfgGb@ .

;f}efUon] u'?b]jsf] lzio x'g kfOof], of] lz/n] ;w}F u'? r/0f 5'g kfOof], afFsL hLjg ;'DkLlbPF ;dfpm u'? xfTdf, ;Fu} hfpFnff u'? wfddf u'?b]js} ;fydf . ;+;f/nffO{ lrgL ;s]F 5}g st} ;'v, u'? ljgf htf hfG5 pt} b'v} b'Mv, km]l/ km]l/ hGd lng] dg} 5}g u'?, oxL hGddf u'?b]js} gfd hkL d?F@ . -;flwsf lji0f' ;fksf]6f_ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|, kf]v/f

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 13


v'bL cf>dsf nflu >fj0f

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy k/+x+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] cg'sDkf, s[kf / cfzLjf{baf6 lgdf{0f ePsf] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] lzj ;fwgf;lxtsf] pb\3f6g sfo{qmd vf;u/L lglZrt ltly >fj0f !$ ut] ;f]daf/ egL w]/} lbg klxn]b]lv g} to ePsf] / pQm lbgdf ?b|L k"hf ?b|fleif]s gh'/]sf sf/0f cf>d ejgsf] jf:t' k"hf / ?b|L k"hf !# ut] cfOtaf/sf lbg h'/]sf sf/0f >fj0f !# ut]sf lbgb]lv xfdLx¿sf] dxfg\ kj{ z'? eP h:tf] ePsf] lyof] . To;}n] @)&) >fj0f !#, !$ / !% ut]sf] lbg ljz]if dxŒjk"0f{ lbg eof] . ;fws;flwsf, eQmhgx¿, hf] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| v'bLsf] cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf cxf]/fq v6]/ sfd ug'{x'GYof], cf>dsf af/]df rf}la;} 306f ;f]Rg] ug'{x'GYof] . cf>d ejg / u|fp08 tof/ ePkl5 ;fws;flwsfx¿ / z'elrGtsx¿sf] w]/} v'zLsf] s'/f x'g uof] . cflwsf/Ls ¿kdf j}lbs ;gftg wd{cg';f/ ljlw–ljwfg k'¥ofP/ cf>ddf u'? cf/tL ;+rfng ug{ kfOof] . km]l/ n]vgfy–!@ v'bLsf] cf>d lgdf{0f ePsf] jl/kl/ olt j[xt\ sfo{qmd o;cl3 ePsf] klg lyPg . To;}n] ;Dk"0f{ ;fws;flwsf, sfo{stf{, eQmhgx¿df ljz]if pT;fx, hf]z, hfFu/ / pd+u lyof] . >fj0f !# ut] ?b|L k"hf, jf:t' k"hf / nIo bLk k|HHjngsf ;fy} a]n'sL u'? dlxdfn] e/k'/ ePsf] ehgsLt{g ;DkGg eof] . >fj0f !$ ut] sl/a *M#) ah]af6 u'? k"hg u/]/ sfo{qmdsf] z'ef/De eof] . sl/a !!M!% lt/ k"hg, xjg, dGqhksf sfo{qmd ;lsof] . To;kl5 t'n Jofg/;lxtsf] zf]efofqf ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . sl/a !!M#) ah] zf]efofqf z'? eof] . k~r}afhf, sf7df8f}F pkTosfsf] l7dLaf6 uPsf] g[To ;d"x, afhf, Jofg/;lxtsf] cfdf ;d"xx¿sf] 6f]nL, :s'nsf ljBfyL{, 14 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

ehg 6f]nL, ljleGg Kn] sf8{ / Aofg/n] ;lhPsf eQmhg ;fws;flwsfx¿sf] ;d"x g]kfnel/s} u'?b]jn] lgDTofpg' ePsf ;fws;flwsf, u'?b]jsf sd{7 lziox¿, h;nfO{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf ;f=k= /fdhL cof{n / ;f=df= ljGWo]Zj/L a/fnHo"sf] g]t[Tjdf k"Ho u'?b]jx¿sf] ;"Id lgb]{zgdf zf]efofqf z'? ePsf] lyof] . cf>d k|fË0faf6 z'? ePsf] zf]efofqf n]=g=kf=–!@ v'bL tfufsf] d'v, To;kl5 /fdahf/l:yt /fd dlGb/ / leqL af6f] x'bF } kf]v/f ljZjljBfno hfg] af6f]df kg]{ ! g+= rf]s, h'g 7fpF n]vgfy–!@ / ! sf] aLr 9'Ë]kf6gdf kb{5, k'Uof] . zf]ef ofqfdf j[4j[4f, o'js, s]6fs]6Lx¿ >fj0f dlxgfsf] rsf]{ 3fdsf] klg kjf{x g/fvL, lj>fd gu/L cfWoflTds gf/fx¿ nufO{ hosf/ 3GsfO{ k~r]afhfsf] tfndf ´'Db} gfRb} olt dgdf]xssf ;fy cufl8 a9\b} lyof] . cl3 cl3 k~r]afhf, kl5 kl5 l7dLsf] jfB ;d"x, k~rsGof, ljleGg cfWoflTds ;d"x, cfdf ;d"xaf6 pkl:yt x'g'ePsf, xftdf l;+ufl/Psf] snz lng'ePsf] b[Zo dfgf}F :ju{af6 cK;/f, k/L, uGwj{, lsGg/x¿ ;a} o;} snz ofqfdf pkl:yt eP ´}F efg x'GYof] . x/]ssf u]6df l;+ufl/Psf] km"nn] ;lhPsf 38f /flvPsf] lyof] . zf]efofqfdf lxF8g\ ] ofqLx¿nfO{ ;j{t kfgL, ;fbf kfgL lbP/ af6fdf kg]{ >4fn'x¿n] :jfut u/]sf lyP . zf]efofqf kf]v/f ljZjljBfnosf] u]6 glhs} eP/ k'gM cf>d k|fË0fdf cfP/ pb\3f6g ;f/f]xdf kl/0ft ePsf] lyof] . l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf ;f=k= /fdhL cof{n / ;f=df= ljGb]Zj/L a/fnHo"sf] s/sdnaf6 gjlgld{t cf>d ejgsf] pb\3f6g eof] . pxfFx¿af6 ljz]if Kn]6sf] cgfj/0f eof] . ptf sfo{qmddf cltlysf] cf;g u|x0fsf ;fy;fy} aLr aLrdf ehgsLt{gsf] sfo{qmd ;+rfng ePsf lyP . sfo{qmdsf] pb\3f]if0fsf] sfo{ n]vgfy cf>dsf ;fws hLjgfy 9sfnsf ;fy} s]Gb|af6 hfg' ePsf ;fws ;'/]Gb| yfkfn] kfn}kfnf] ug'{ePsf] lyof] . b'j} pb\3f]ifssf] k|:t'ltn] sfo{qmddf y k ;'uGw ylkPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf 5f]6f] dL7f] :jfut dGtJo /fVg'x'Fb} l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| v'bLsf ;+of]hs nIdL kf}8]nn] ;Dk"0f{ cfuGt's clylt, eb| enfb\dL, dlxnf, pkl:yt ;a}nfO{ ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 :jfut ug'{eof] . sfo{qmddf n]vgfy g=kf= j8f g+=–!@ sf eb| enfb\dL, h;n] cf>dnfO{ cfly{s, ef}lts / g}lts, cfWoflTds ;dy{g ug'{ePsf] lyof], pxfFx¿ l8NnL/fd kf}8]n, lji0f'k|;fb kf]v|]n, b'uf{k;| fb ;'jb] L, tf/f clwsf/L, l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| n]vgfysf ;+of]hs ;flwsf /fwf ;fksf]6f, l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| kf]v/f /fd3f6sL ;x–;+of]hs lji0f' ;fksf]6fnufotsf cfWoflTds


!#, !$ / !% sf lbgx¿ tyf ;dfhsf cu|h ;dfh;]jL JolQmTjx¿n] xif{ljef]/ eO{ cfÇgf] egfO /fVg'ePsf] lyof] . To;kl5 l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] :dfl/sfsf] ¿kdf k|sflzt >fj0f dlxgfsf] uf]/If lglvn jf0fLsf] nf]sfk{0f l8NnL/fd kf}8]n, lji0f'k;| fb kf]vn]| , b'uf{k;| fb ;'jb] L, ;f]dgfy jf:tf]nf, xl/k|;fb RjfO{, tf/f clwsf/L, of]uL jneb|gfyHo"n] ;fd'lxs ¿kdf ug'{eof] . u'?x¿sf] dlxdf, lzj ;fwgfsf] dxŒjsf] af/]df / cf>d;DaGwL kl/ro lbg'x'Fb} ;fkHo" / ;dfHo"n] cfÇgf] egfO /fVg'eof] . ;fkHo"n] lzj ;fwgf ;DkGg u/fpg' ePsf] lyof] . cGTodf, nIobLk k|HHjng, k|;fb ljt/0f Pj+ ehgsLt{gsf] sfo{qmd ;DkGg eof] . dWok'/ l7dLsf ;fws;flwsfx¿n] zf:qLo g[To b]vfpg'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] aLr aLrdf s]Gb|af6 hfg'ePsf ;fws bz/y yfkf, nf]s bf]xf]/L k|lti7fgsf s]b|Lo kbflwsf/L >L/fd clwsf/LHo"n] dL7f] ehg ufpg'ePsf] lyof] . To;}u/L, l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| ;Dks{ sfof{no /fd3f6sL ;flwsf lji0f' k/fh'nLn] cToGt dd{:kzL{ cfWoflTds sljtf ;'gfpg' eof] . cf>d lgdf{0f;DaGwL cfo– Joo ljj/0f lgs} kf/bzL{?kdf ;a}sf] dg 5'g] u/L ;fws Clif/fd ;fksf]6fn] k]z ug'{ePsf] lyof] . o;/L cf>d ejg pb\3f6g tyf lzj ;fwgf sfo{qmd ;dfkg ePsf] lyof] . x/]s jif{ >fj0f dlxgfsf] x/]s d+unaf/sf lbg ´}F >L lzjuf]/Ifgfy zlQmkL7 l;4f>ddf kfnf]sf] qmddf cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] /f]6 ck{0f ug]{ kfnf] lyof] . @)&) >fj0f !% ut] d+unaf/sf lbg laxfg} ( ah]lt/} kf]v/f /fd3f6sf ;fws;flwsf, n]vgfysf ;fws;flwsf, sf7df8f},F uf]/vf, cGo lhNnfsf klg ;fws;flwsfx¿;lxt n]vgfy–!! l:yt kre}of eGg] 7fpFdf /x]sf] >L lzjuf]/Ifgfy dlGb/df ehgsLt{gsf ;fy /f]6 ck{0f ug]{ sfo{qmd, h'g sfo{qmd k"j{ ;DkDg sfo{qmdx¿ eGbf w]/} /dfOnf], pT;fx / pd+un] e/k"/ lyof], >L lzjuf]/Ifgfy zlQmkL7sf ;+/Ifs of]uL aneb|gfyHo"af6 k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfysf] >Lr/0fsdndf /f]6 ck{0f eof] . pQm lbg klg ;a} :ju{af6 cfPsf cK;/f, uGwj{, lsGg/sf] 6f]nL g} cfP/ gfrufg u/]sf], ehg ufPsf] h:tf] efg x'GYof] h'g cfgGb / /dfOnf]nfO{ zAbdf JofVof ug{ c;Dejh:tf] ePsf] lyof] . o;/L l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLn] cfof]hgf u/]sf] lq–lbjl;o sfo{qmd ;dfkg eof] . k/dk"Ho ;b\u?' b]jx¿sf] s[kf, cfzLjf{b Pj+ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| ;Dks{ sfof{nox¿ eQmk'/, nlntk'/, afg]Zj/, tLgs'g], ndh'Ë, lrtjg, tgx'F, To:t}, dWok'/ l7dL cf>d, k;f{ cf>d /

sf:sLsf ljz]if u/L ;Dks{ sfof{nox¿ /fd3f6, n]vgfy, 3fdL{ cf>d, nfdfrf}/ cf>dsf ;Dk"0f{ ;fws;flwsfx¿sf] dfof, ;b\efj, ;xof]uaf6 sfo{qmd ;kmn ePsf] dfGg ;lsG5 . ljz]if u/]/ v'bL cf>dsf ;fws;flwsfx¿sf] u'?k|ltsf] ;dk{0f, elQm, v6fO{ / ;xof]uL efjgfnfO{ ;dfhsf ljlzi6 JolQmTjx¿af6 ;d]t Xboaf6} k|z+;f ePsf] 5 . oxfFsf afl;Gbfx¿n] klg ;a}k|lt cfef/ JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . aflx/af6 cfpg'ePsf ;fws;flwsf, eQmhgx¿nfO{ /fd|f];Fu ;]jf ug{ g;s]sf] u'gf;f] klg v'bL cf>daf;Lx¿sf] /x] klg v'bL cf>dsf ;fwsf;flwsfx¿n] h] ug'{eof] k|z+;fof]Uo sfo{ ug'{ePsf] 5 h;sf] kmn:j?k l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf] c´} k|ult, pGglt x'Fb} hfg] b]lvG5 . pQm tLg lbg jiff{b\sf] ;do eP/ klg df};dn] eg] w]/} ;fy lbPsf] lyof] . u'?x¿k|ltsf] cf:yf / ljZjf; xfdL ;a}df t k|uf9 5Fb}5, hf] u'?b]jx¿sf] sfo{qmddf ;xefuL ePsf 5}gg\, lyPgg\, pxfFx¿n] klg u'?s[kf o:tf] x'Fbf]/x]5 eGg] dx;'; ug'{ePsf] 5 . x'g t of] ;Dk"0f{ sfo{sf] afu8f]/ ;"Id ;Qfaf6 u'?b]jx¿n] g} ;DxfNg' ePsf] xf] . t}klg cfWoflTds ?kdf jiff{b\sf] ;do, v]tL afnLsf] ;do, htftt} b}jL k|sf]k / ljklQx¿ k/]sf] a]nf 6f9f 6f9faf6 cfO{ cfÇgf] dxŒjk"0f{ ;donfO{ ck{0f u/L o; sfo{qmdnfO{ eJo, ;Eo / cfsif{s¿kdf ;DkGg ul/lbg' x'g] ;Dk"0f{ z'elrGts, z'e]R5's JolQmTjx¿nfO{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfn, cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bL / cGo ;d:t cf>dsf] tkm{af6 xflb{s cfef/sf ;fy} ‘ho u'?b]j ¤’ sf] Gofgf] clejfbg ck{0f ub{5f}F . ho u'?b]j ¤

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l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| v'bL cf>d ejgsf] ;xof]ufy{ /sd ;xof]u k|bfg ug'{x'g] bftfx¿sf] gfdfjnL utf+sdf k|sflzt ul/Psf]df sltkosf] 5'6g\ uPsf] / ;xof]u ug]{ xftx¿ ylkPsf] x'gfn] gofF bftfx¿sf] gfdfjnL;lxt 5'6 ePsf gfd o; c+sdf k|sflzt u/]sf 5f}F . utf+sdf gfd 5'6\g uPsf]df Ifdfofrgf ub}{ ;a} ;xof]uLx¿nfO{ ‘ho u'?b]j ¤’ sf] Gofgf] clejfbg 6S|ofpFb5f}F . !_ lx/f ltldlN;gf, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?=!,!!!÷– @_ ;Ltf±/fdk|;fb ltldlN;gf ?=!,!!%÷– #_ dfs{08 clwsf/L, tf/f clwsf/L ?=@,))%÷– $_ hfg'sf clwsf/L, kf]v/f–!), /fd3f6 ?= !,))%÷– %_ xl/k|;fb RjfO{, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))@÷– ^_ d'/nL df]xg ltjf/L, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))%÷– &_ lhtk|;fb åf, sf:sL, n]vgfy–*, lzz'jf ?=!,))!÷– *_ s]bf/k|;fb clwsf/L, sf:sL, n]vgfy–!@ ?= !,))*÷– (_ ;fu/ u'?Ë, n]vgfy–!@, 9'+u]kf6g ?= !,)%)÷– !)_ lbns'df/ s]=;L=, sf7df8f}+ ?= !,))%÷– !!_ dl5Gb| clwsf/L, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))%÷– !@_ /fdaxfb'/ u'?Ë, ;fljqL u'?Ë, kf]v/f–!) ?= !,)!!÷– !#_ 7'df sfsL{, a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}F ?= !,!!%÷– !$_ >L uf]kfn k|hfklt, dWok'/, l7dL ?= !,!!!÷– !%_ honfn e§/fO{, kf]v/f–@, ljGWojfl;gL ?= !,)!)÷– !^_ ldngl;n dlxnf ;d"x, n]vgfy–!@ ?= @,!))÷– !&_ sNkgf ;fksf]6f, n]vgfy–!@, v'b ?= !,))%÷– !*_ k|utLl;n dlxnf ;d"x ?= !,!)%÷– !(_ /fdrGb| lu/L, n]vgfy–* ?= !,)))÷– @)_ d}gf sfsL{, n]vgfy–!! ?= !,())÷– @!_ led axfb'/ ;fksf]6f, n]vgfy–!@ ?= !,!!!÷– @@_ eQm/fd >]i7 ?= !,)!!÷– @#_ s[i0fk|;fb kf}8]n, n]vgfy–!, v'bL ?= !,%!%÷– @$_ /fdk|;fb kf}8]n, n]=g=kf=–!@ ?= !,!!!÷– @%_ Psdfof cf]´f, n]=g=kf=–!@ ?= !,!!!÷– @^_ km'ndfof ldhf/, kf]v/f–!), cd/l;+x ?= !,!!!÷– @&_ t'n;L u'?Ë, kf]v/f–$, jufn]6f]n

xfn xªsª ?=!%,%))÷– @*_ ljGb' ljdnL, n]=g=kf=–!@ ?= !,%)%÷– @(_ s'Gtf kf}8]n, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,!))÷– #)_ ljhonIdL kf}8]n, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))%÷– #!_ s[i0fk|;fb sf]O/fnf, n]g=kf=–!@, v'bL ?= !,)!)÷– #@_ b'uf{bQ e"t]{n ?= !,!!!÷– ##_ gf/fo0fk|;fb Gof}kfg], n]=g=kf=–!@ ?= !,!)%÷– #$_ ;+´gf :j= hd'gf s'df/L ?= @,)%)÷– #%_ /fh]Gb|axfb'/ k/fh'nL, kf]v/f–!% ?= !,!))÷– #^_ sdnf a/fn, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))%÷– #&_ hfgsL nfld5fg], n]vgfy–!! ?= @,%))÷– #*_ v8fgGb nfld5fg], kf]v/f–( ?= !,!!!÷– #(_ zf]ef ltldlN;gf, kf]v/f, Go"/f]8 ?= #,%))÷– $)_ xl/k|;fb l/hfn, wgdfof l/hfn, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,!!!÷– $!_ dfwj uf}td, lji0f' uf}td, n]=g=kf=–!@, ?= !,!!!÷– $@_ n]vgfy l3ld/], n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,))%÷– $#_ s[i0f/fh 9sfn, z'lznf 9sfn, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL cl3Nnf] klqsfdf e"n ePsf] ?= !),)%!÷– x'g'kg]{df !,)%!÷– dfq} ePsf]df klg e"n ;'wf/ . $$_ l8NnLk|;fb j/fn, kf]v/f–& ?= !,&%)÷– $%_ r"8fdl0f clwsf/L÷lnnf clwsf/L, n]=g=kf=–!@, v'bL ?= ^,%#@÷– $^_ lzjk|;fb t‰of, nIdL t‰of, k[YjLrf]s ?= @,))!÷– $&_ hgs/fh ;'j]bL, dlgtf ;'j]bL, a]NhLod ?= %,))%÷– $*_ ;Gtf]if ;fksf]6f, cdLtf ;fksf]6f, cd]l/sf ?= !),)))÷– $(_ afa'/fd ltldlN;gf÷uf]df ltldlN;gf, n]vgfy–!@, v'bL ?= !,!!!÷– %)_ ;f]let 9'+ufgf n]vgfy v'bL !@ ?= !!!!.–

l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| v'bL cf>d ejg lgdf{0ffy{{ lhG;L ;xof]u klg k|fKt ePsf] lyof] h;sf] k|sfzg utf+sdf 5'6\g uPsf]n] Ifdfofrgf ub}F pxfFx¿sf] gfd klg oxfF k|sflzt ul/Psf] 5 . !_ >L/fd sfi7 pBf]uaf6 ?= (,)))÷– a/fa/sf] ‰ofnsf] vfkf±yk gub ?= #,)))÷– @_ s]=;L= xf8{j]o/ n]vgfy–!@, kfj/xfp;af6 % af]/f l;d]G6 . #_ sNkgf 9sfn ?= @,)))÷– 9f]sfvfkf ;f}hGo . $_ ch'g{ ku]gL n]=g=kf=–!$, n]vgfy–!$ af6 % af]/f l;d]G6 . %_ b}lgs ;Knfo;{ tfnrf]saf6 % af]/f l;d]G6 ^_ /d]z±l;n ;fksf]6f, n]vgfy–!@, v'bLaf6 %)@% -b'O{ j6f l;lnª Çofg_ 16 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

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hg;Dks{ o"lg6 ;+of]hs M ;x–;+of]hs

k|;fb Joj:yfkg ;+of]hs M sNkgf 9sfn ;x–;+of]hsM ;l/tf vqL b]jsf clwsf/L ;/:jtL vgfn ;fljqL clwsf/L afa'/fd vgfn /fwf nfld5fg]

cGo ;b:ox¿ /fwf kf}8]n, nIdL 9sfn v, ;'ldqf s+8]n, d'QmL ltjf/L, ldgf 9sfn, s[lt j/fn, ;/:jtL vgfn, nLnf clwsf/L, ;l/tf vqL, lji0f' clwsf/L, rGb| s'df/L kf}8]n, ;fljqL clwsf/L, ltnf ;fksf]6f, sNkgf uf]bf/, /fwf nfld5fg], b]jsf If]qL, cf];L du/, huGgfy kf}8]n, 6]sgf6 vgfn, s]bf/ clwsf/L, afa'/fd vgfn, dxfb]j uf}td, s[i0fk|;fb vgfn, lzj e"h]n, gfg'sf s'Fj/, lji0f' ;fksf]6f, xf]dgfy kf}8]n, dfs{08 clwsf/L, >Ldfof kf}8]n, sflnsf kf}8]n, pdgfn ;'j]bL, ;Ltf ;fksf]6f, ;Ltf ;'j]bL, xl/k|;fb RjfO{, ;f/bf af:tf]nf, rjnL b]jL kf}8]n -lji0f' lbbL_, kfj{tL clwsf/L, gf/fo0f xl/ ltjf/L . ;/;kmfO{ o"lg6 ;+of]hs M l/tf yfkf ;x–;+of]hs M huGgfy kf}8]n lji0f' ;fksf]6f cf];L du/ ltnf ;fksf]6f kfj{tL clwsf/L >Ldfof kf}8]n

/fhs'df/L u'?Ë M lnnf v8\sf rGb| s'df/L kf}8]n k|ldnf 9sfn dxfb]j uf}td

;+uLt tyf ehg sLt{g o"lg6 ;+of]hs M ;x–;+of]hsM ;b:o M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M ,, M

s[i0fk|;fb kf}8]n dfs{08 clwsf/L xl/k|;fb RjfO{ sNkgf uf]bf/ 6]sgfy vgfn d'lQm ltjf/L xf]dgfy kf}8]n gfg'sf s'Fj/ u+uf kf}8]n ;l/tf vqL pdgfy ;'j]bL gf/fo0f xl/ ltjf/L s[i0fk|;fb vgfn

;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt lji0f' ;fksf]6f, /fd3f6 ljb'/ ;fksf]6f lji0f' kf]v|]n tf/f clwsf/L /fd/fh clwsf/L uh]Gb|k|;fb RjfO{ gf/fo0fL ltjf/L

/fwf ;fksf]6f, n]vgfy cf>d l8NnL/fd kf}8]n b'uf{k|;fb ;'j]bL /df g]kfnL ;f]dgfy af:tf]nf /fdrGb| kf}8]n s[i0fk|;fb vgfn kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 17


cg'ej÷cg'e"lt

cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf xf]ldg] ;f}efUo ldNof]

h]xf];vf;} \ cflwsfl/s cfo ;|f]t, cfly{s ;|f]t gePtf klg olt /fd|f] cf/tL ejg agfpg ;Ifd eO{ ut >fj0f !$ ut] lzj ;fwgf;lxt eJo sfo{qmd u/]/ o; cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] ejg pb\3f6g ug{ ;kmn x'g'ePsf]df ;Dk"0f{sfo{stf{ ;fws– ;flwsfnfO{ xflb{s cfef/ k|s6 ub}{ wGojfb 6S|ofpFb5' .

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf Pj+ cfzLjf{baf6 l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf ljz]if u/L cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf ;fws;flwsf eQmhgx¿sf] cys k|of;af6 lgdf{0f ePsf] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| v'bL cf>dsf] -xfn cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb|df kl/0ft_ cfÇg} cf/tL ejg agfpg] qmddf d}n] klg u'?sfo{ ug]{ zf}efUo k|fKt u/]F . lgdf{0fsf] z'?cfts} u'?sfo{ cyf{t\ cf>d ejgsf] l8hfOg ug]{ ;f}efUo u'?b]jn] dnfO{ h'/fO{ lbg'eof] . l8hfOg u/]F / lgdf{0f ug]{ qmddf a]nf a]nfdf ;/;Nnfx / ;'´fj klg lbg kfO/fv]F . 3/b}nf] sfo{qmddf cy{ ;+sng ug]{ qmddf klg d slxn]sflxF h'6\g] df}sf u'?b]jn] ldnfO{ lbg'eof] . ;fob, u'?b]j;Fu d]/f] gftf hGdf}F hGd klxn]s} eP/ xf]nf, d}n] cf>d;Fu hf]l8P/ of] yf]/} eg] klg u'?sfo{ ug]{ df}sf kfPF . clxn] xfd|f] ;dfhdf ljleGg wd{ / ;Dk|bfox¿ hGd]sf 5g\ . slxn]sflxF d lxF8\g] hfg] u/]sf] klg lyPF . t/ d]/f] dg Tolt cfslif{t ePg . dnfO{ tfg]g . t/ ha l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf] sG6\ofS6 KjfOG6 n]vgfy–!@ df vf]lnof], d hflu/af6 km';{b kfPsf avt cf/tLdf hfg] ;do ldnfP/ hfGy]F . ;f]daf/ / ljxLaf/ cf/tL ;+rfng x'GYof] . dnfO{ u'? cf/tL clt dg kg{ nfUof] . u'?sf] dlxdf, sLt{g, ehg ufpg kfpFbf clt cfgGb nfUg yfNof] . d}n] cg'ej ug{ yfn]F ls u'?b]j;Fusf] d]/f] gftf w]/} klxn]b]lv g} /x]5 . To;}n] t c¿ wfld{s sfo{qmd / ;Dk|bfon] dnfO{ cfslif{t u/]g / u'?b]jsf] sfo{qmd cfpg] ljlQs} d}n] yf]/} eP klg cyjf d]/f] cfÇgf] ana'tf / ;fdYo{n] EofP;Dd cf>dsf] sfo{qmddf ;/Ls eO{ u'?sfo{ ug{ dg nfUYof] / u'?sfo{ u/]F eGg] d}n] 7fg]sf] 5' . x'g t d}n] s] kf] ug{ ;Sy]F

18 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

/ < d Pp6f lgldQ dfq} xf], ug]{ u/fpg] pg} a|Ådf08gfos ;b\u?' b]jx¿ g} x'gx' G' 5 . t}klg dnfO{ lgldQ s} e"ldsf eP klg ;fgf]ltgf] h]–h:tf] sfo{ cfpF5, sfd ug]{ / e"ldsf lgjf{x ug]{ zf}efUo k|bfg ug'{x'g] u'?b]jx¿nfO{ Xboaf6} sf]l6sf]l6 gdgsf ;fy} wGojfb 6S|ofpFb5' . z"Go ah]6af6 klg olt /fd|f] ;'Gb/ uf]/If lglvn cf/tL ;+rfng ejg lgdf{0f ug{ ;kmn x'g' ePsf] / l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf ljleGg tx / tKsfdf /x]/ v6\g'x'g] u'?bfO, u'? lbbLx¿, ;fws;flwsfsf ;fy} v'bL cf>ddf v6\g' x'g] ;Dk"0f{ ;fws;flwsf, eQmhgx¿df ePsf] cbDo ;fx; / cfWoflTds pmhf{af6 d w]/} g} k|efljt ePF / w]/} w]/} wGojfb 6S|ofpFb5' lsgeg] xfd|f] n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d gcfPsf] eP d}n] ;fob u'?b]j;Fu l9n} eP klg hf]l8g] df}sf kfpg] lyOFg ls < x'g t u'?b]jn] cfkm";Fu hf]8\gnfO{ cg]s dfu{x¿ k|z:t ul/lbg' x'G5 . h]xf];\, vf;} cflwsfl/s cfo;|f]t, cfly{s ;|f]t gePtf klg olt /fd|f] cf/tL ejg agfpg ;Ifd eO{ ut >fj0f !$ ut] lzj ;fwgf;lxt eJo sfo{qmd ;DkGg u/]/ o; cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] ejg pb\3f6g ug{ ;kmn x'g'ePsf]df ;Dk"0f{ sfo{stf{ ;fws;flwsfx¿nfO{ xflb{s cfef/ k|s6 ub}{ wGojfb 6S|ofpFb5' . h;/L cf>d agfpg ;kmn eof}F÷x'g'eof] o;/L g} o; ;+:yfsf] cfWoflTds k|ulttkm{ l;:6d]l6s tl/sfn] o;sf] k|j4{g, ;+/If0f ug{ cg'zfl;t eP/ nflu k/f}F, ;dfhsf ;a} k|a'4 JolQmx¿n] o;nfO{ ;dfhsf] w/f]x/ ;D´g ;s"g\, l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|af6 ;a} pd]/sf JolQmx¿n] cfkm"nfO{ u'?b]j;Fu hf]8\g] df}sf kfpg, cfÇgf] hLjgnfO{ cfWoflTds cg'zfl;t / dof{lbt hLjg agfpg ;s"g\, u'?b]jsf] ;bf–;j{bf s[kf, cg'sDkf / cfzLjf{b ;a}nfO{ k|fKt xf];\ eGb} l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb| v'bLsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ult xf];\, u'?b]jsf] Gofgf] dfof ;Dk"0f{ v'bLaf;LnfO{ afF8\g ;kmn xf];\ eGb} zAbeGbf w]/} dfly x'g'ePsf u'?b]jnfO{ xfd|f] @÷$ cIf/sf] efjleq ;d]6\g t ;lsFb}g t}klg d]/f] cGt/cfTdfsf] u'?x¿k|ltsf] efjelQm / cg'e"lt ;a} ;dIf /fVg] zf}efUo k|bfg ug]{ l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnnfO{ xflb{s cfef/ k|s6 ub}{ snd aGb ug]{ cf1f dfUb5' . ho u'?b]j ¤ ;fws ;Nnfxsf/ ljb'/ ;fksf]6f n]vgfy–!@, v'bL


cg'ej÷cg'e"lt

u'? ljgf hLjg g} 5}g

u'?a{|Ådf u'?lj{i0f' u'?b]{jf] dx]Zj/M . u'? ;fIfft\ k/ a|Åd t:d} >L u'/j] gdM .. jf:tjdf …Psf] a|Åd låtLof] gf:tL’ Ps a|Åd dfq 5 c¿ s]xL klg / sf]xL klg 5}g . t/ ha ;Tj, /h / td oL tLg u'0fx¿sf] ;fDotf e+u x'G5 ta lqu'0fflTdsf dfof v8f x'lG5g\ / To; dfof ;+o'Qm a|ÅdnfO{ O{Zj/ jf eujfg\ eGb5g\, To} O{Zj/ /hf]u'0f;Fu ldNbf ;[li6stf{ a|Åd, ;Tju'0f;Fu ldNbf kfngstf{ lji0f' / tdf]u'0f;Fu ldNbf ;+xf/stf{ ?b| -lzj_ elgG5g\ . of] hut O{Zj/ s} :j¿k xf] . >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vfgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fh clåtLo u'?x¿ x'gx' G' 5 . u'? uf]/vgfynfO{ lzjhLsf] ¿kdf k"Hb5g\ eg] k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhnfO{ lglvn]Zj/ dxfb]jsf] ?kdf k"hf cr{gf ug]{ ul/G5 . pxfFx¿ b'j} u'?x¿sf] dlxdf ck/Dkf/ 5 . pxfFx¿ g} k/dfTdf x'g'x'G5, k/a|Åd x'g'x'G5 . k/dfTdf ;lRrbfgGb:j¿k Pj+ 1fg, bofsf vfgL x'gx' G' 5 . eujfg\ ;j{Gtof{dL / ;j{1 x'gx' G' 5 . k/dfTdf eQmjT;n, eQmlrGtfdl0f x'g'xG5 . xfdLnfO{ e'lQm d'lQm k|bfg ug'{x'G5 . zf]s / df]xaf6 arfP/ sNof0f ug'{x'G5 . xfdLx¿nfO{ hf] k|fKt 5 ;b\u'?b]js} cg'u|xn] xf] . t/ hf] ceQm eP tfklg k|e'sf] ;Qf :jLsfb{5g\ / å]ifn], /L;n], nf]en] h'g s'g} k|sf/n] :d/0f u/] klg To;sf] p4f/ ug'{x'G5 . u'?b]jnfO{ elQm Kof/f] 5 . elQm >4fk"js { , lgi7fk"js cyjf /fu, å]if, sfd, qmf]w, nf]e, df]x cflbaf6 clee"t eP/ g} ;D´] klg ltgsf] p4f/ ug'{x'G5 . o:tf k|e'nfO{ Xbob]lv g} k|0ffd ub{5f}F . o:tf hGd lat] x'g\ cl3 slt nfvf}+ s/f]8f}+ hlt . x] ;j{1 tyflk zflGt ;'vsf] nfu]g kQf] /lt .. h] s'b\g' cjtf htflt/ s'bf}F nfU5g\ st} 7Ss/ . h] ug'{ ul/alS;of];\ cjtf k5f}{+ k|e's} e/ .. x] zDef] lzj x] ;ltklt ;Fw} lzdf{ly u+uf lnGof . of] of]uL xl/eQm eQmx¿sf ;+tfk ;a gfzGof .. x] lzdf{ zlznfpGof d[u lnGof tLg g]qn] zf]leGof . x] lgjf{0f cgGt ;]js d x'F 1fg alS;of];\ l:y/ x'Gof .

ljgf u'? hLjgsf] cy{ x'Fb}g eGg] 1ft ePkl5 d ;r]t ePF . n]=g=kf=–!@ df l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf] :yfkg eof] . To; lbgb]lv ;bf xKtfsf] b'O{ lbg ;f]daf/ / ljxLaf/ >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhnfO{ u'? wf/0f u/L ;a} ;fws;flwsf ;fyLx¿sf] ;fydf cf/tL, ehgsLt{g ub}{ / x/]s lbg ‘ho u'?b]j ¤’ df g} ;dlk{t eO/x]sf] 5' . d ls;fgsf] 5f]/f u'?d} hLjg ;dk{0f ub}{5' . dfgjhLjg eg]sf] *$ nfv of]gL abn]/ kfPsf] hLjg xf] . o:tf] hLjg kfpg' eg]sf] s7f]/ tk:ofaf6 dfq pknJw x'G5 . oxL s'/fnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ d}n] dfgjhLjg ;'wf/ u/]/ n}hfg' k5{ egL ljrf/ u/]sf] 5' . h;/L kmf]x/ sk8f ;fa'g kfgLn] ;kmf ul/G5 d]/f] dgsf] bfu s]n] ;kmf u5{, d s;/L df]If x'G5' t eGg] ljrf/n] ddf 7"nf] 56k6L Nofof] . ljgf u'? d]/f] hLjgsf] ;fy{stf 5}g eGg] ;TonfO{ cfTd;ft u/]/ ‘ho u'?b]j ¤’ sf] z/0fdf k'u]+ . u'?b]jnfO{ /fVg], cf/fwgf ug]{ ejg g} lyPg . To;}n] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf ;fws;flwsfx¿ ldn]/ hUufsf] vf]hLdf lxF8\of}F . hUuf klg k|fKt eof] t/ agfpg] /sd sxfFaf6 hDdf xf]nf t egL To;}df ;f]r ljrf/ eof] . ;a} ;fyLx¿ ;d]t eO{ x/]s 3/df k'u]/ eQmhgx¿l;t xft yfKg] lgwf] ul/of] . o;/L cf>d ejgsf] lgdf{0f eof] . oxL g} xf] xif{sf] s'/f . hf]–hf] ;fyLx¿n] h]–h] sfd ug'{eof], dnfO{ klg v6fpg] sfd eof], o;sf nflu k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] >Lr/0fsdndf sf]l6sf]l6 ;fi6fË b08jt\ k|0ffd ck{0f ub{5' . d ;fg} pd]/b]lv eujfg\s} ehgsLt{gd} /dfPF . ca t hLjgsf] cfwf pd]/ km8\sf dfl/;Sof], casf] hLjg ;b}j u'?b]jdf g} ;dk{0f u/]sf] 5' . l;4f>d s]Gb| n]=g=kf=–!@ ls/ft]Zj/ dlGb/sf] ;+:yfks ;b:osf] gftfn] ;a}nfO{ cfÅjfg ug{ rfxG5' ls cfpg'xf];\, u'?b]jdf ;dlk{t x'g'xf];\, hLjg ;'wfg'{xf];\ . ho u'?b]j ¤ ho u'?b]j ¤¤ ho u'?b]j ¤¤¤ s[i0f k|;fb kf}8]n -n]=g=kf=–!@, v'bL_ kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 19


k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

dfs{08 clwsf/L, tf/f clwsf/L ;Dk"0f{ clwsf/L kl/jf/ n]=g=kf=–!@, sf:sL

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

ef]h/fh ;fksf]6f, ;f]dgfy ;fksf]6f tyf ;Dk'0f{ kl/jf/ y'dfsf] 8f8f“–(, tf/sf∙

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

afa'/fd vgfn, /flwsf vgfn tyf ;Dk'0f{ kl/jf/ n]=g=kf=–!@ v'bL 20 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

cl;t ;'j]bL, nIdL ;'j]bL tyf ;Dk"0f{ kl/jf/, n]=g=kf= –!@ 9'∙]kf6g k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

/fwf ;fksf]6f, k|]d k|;fb ;fksf]6f tyf ;Dk'0f{ kl/jf/ n]=g=kf=–& 8f8f“sf]gfs sf:sL k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

/d]z ;fksf]6f, l;tf ;fksf]6f tyf ;Dk"0f{ kl/jf/ n]=g=kf=–!@, v'bL kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 21


>Ls[i0f hGdfi6dL ;Gbe{

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kb z'SnkIfsf] k~rdL ‘Clifk~rdL’ gfdn] lrlgG5 . o; lbgsf] j|tnfO{ ‘Clifk~rdL j|t’ elgG5 . of] j|t 1ft, c1ft kfk d'lQmsf nflu ul/G5 . To;}n] :qL k'?if b'jn} ] of] j|t lng ;Sb5g\ . :qLx¿ /h:jnf -dlxgfjf/L_ ePsf] cj:yfdf 3/sf ;fdfgx¿ k|foM :kz{ x'G5g\ . t;y{ o; kfkaf6 d'lQm k|flKtsf] nflu pgLx¿ of] j|t a:b5g\ . o; j|tdf ;Ktlif{nufot c¿GwtLsf] k"hg x'gfn] o;nfO{ Clifk~rdL elgG5 . j|t ljwfg -j|t a:g] t/Lsf_M o; lbg j|tfn'n] laxfgb]lv dWofÅg;Dd pkjf; a;L, dWofÅgsf] ;dodf s'g} gbL jf tnfpdf hfg'k5{ . ToxfF ckfdfu{sf] bltjgn] bfFt df´]/, z/L/df df6f] nufP/ :gfg ug{k' 5{ . o;kl5 k~ruJo lkpg'k5{ . To;kl5 3/ cfP/ uf]a/n] k"hf :yfg, cfFug lnKg'kb{5 . cg]s /·af6 ‘;j{tf]eb|d08n’ agfP/ To;df df6f] jf tfdfsf] 58 :yflkt u/]/ To;nfO{ j:qn] l;·f/]/ To;dfly tfdf cyjf df6f]sf] efF8fdf hf} e/]/ /fVg'kb{5 . k~r/Tg, km"n, w"k clg cIftf cflbn] k"hf ug{'kb{5 / o;/L ;ÍNk ug{'kb{5— cd'suf]qf, cd'sLb]jL cx+ dd cfTdgf] /h:jfnfj:yfof+ u[x ef08flb:kz{bf]ifkl/xf/fy{+ c¿GwtL;lxt;Ktlif{k"hg+ sl/io] . snzsf] glhs} ci6bn sdn agfP/ To;df sZok clq, ef/åfh, ljZjfldq, uf}td, hdblUg tyf jlzi7– oL ;Ktlif{x¿ / jlzi7 kTgL b]jL c¿GwtLsf] iff]8zf]krf/k"j{s k"hg ug{'kb{5 . o; lbg k|foM bxL clg rfdn vfG5g\ . g"gsf] k|of]u jlh{t 5 . lbgdf Ps 5fs dfq ef]hg ug{'kb{5 . snz cflb k"hg ;fdu|Lx¿ a|fÅd0fnfO{ bfg lbg'kb{5 . k"hgkl5 a|fÅd0fnfO{ ef]hg u/fPkl5 dfq k|;fb lng'kb{5 . syf ;Too'udf Zo]glht\ gfd u/]sf Ps /fhf /fHo ub{y] . pgsf] /fHodf ;'ldq gfd u/]sf Pp6f a|fÅd0f a:by] hf] j]bsf ljåfg\ lyP . ;'ldq v]tLkftLaf6 cfÇgf] / kl/jf/sf] hLljsf rnfpFby] . pgsL kTgL ho>L ;tL, ;fWjL clg kltj|tf lyOg\ . Psk6s /h:jnf ePsf] a]nfdf pgn] cGhfgdf 3/sf] ;Dk"0f{ sfd ul/g\, ;fy} kltnfO{ klg :kz{ ul/g\ . b}jef]uaf6 klt–kTgLsf] z/L/kft Ps ;fy eof] . /h:jnf cj:yfdf :kzf{:kz{sf] Vofn gu/]sfn] :qLn] s's'gL{ clg kltn] uf]?sf] of]lg k|fKt u/] . t/ k"j{hGddf u/]sf] cg]s wfld{s sd{sf] sf/0f pgLx¿nfO{ 1fg eof] . ;+of]ujz o; hGddf klg pgLx¿ ;fy–;fy cfÇg} 3/df cfÇgf] 5f]/f clg a'xf/Lsf] ;fy a:by] . a|fÅd0fsf] k'qsf] gfd ;'dlt lyof] . pgL klg lktfh:t} j]bsf ljåfg\ lyP . lkt[kIfdf pgn] cfÇgf dftf–lktfsf] >f4 26 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

ug{] p2]Zon] kTgLnfO{ vL/ agfpg nufO{ a|fÅd0fx¿nfO{ lgdGq0ff lbP . ToxfF Pp6f ;k{n] cfP/ Tof] vL/nfO{ ljiffn' agfOlbof] . s's'gL{ ag]sL a|fÅd0fLn] of] ;a} b]lv/x]sL lyOg\ . pgn] ;f]lrg\ ls olb of] vL/ a|fÅd0fx¿n] vfP eg] t ljifsf] k|efjn] a|fÅd0fx¿ db{5g\, clg ;'dltnfO{ kfk nfUg]5 . o:tf] ;f]r]/ pgn] ;'dltsf] kTgLsf] 5]pdf uP/ Tof] vL/ vfOlbOg\ . of] b]v]/ ;'dltsL kTgL Psbd} l/;fOg\ / r'Nxf]af6 n¶L lgsfn]/ pQm s's'gL{nfO{ lkl6g\ . To; lbg p;nfO{ vfg klg lbOgg\ . /flt ePkl5 s's'gL{n] uf]?nfO{ ;a} 36gf atfOg\ . uf]?n] eg] ls cfh t dnfO{ klg s]xL vfg lbPgg\ hals daf6 lbge/ sfd lnP . ;'dlt xfd|f] >f4 ul//x]sf] 5 / xfdLnfO{ g} ef]s} /fv]sf] 5 . o;/L xfdL ef]s} /xgfn] t of] >f4 Joy{ x'G5 . ;'dlt 9f]sfdf cl8P/ s's'gL{ / uf]?sf] s'/f ;'lg/x]sf] lyof] . pm kz'sf] af]nL a'‰bYof] . p;nfO{ of] /x:o yfxf kfP/ w]/} b'Mv nfUof] ls d]/f dftf–lktf o:tf] of]lgdf x'g'x'G5 . pm bf}8Fb} Pp6f Clifsf] cf>ddf uof] clg p;n] cfÇgf dftf–lktfn] kz' of]gL kfpgfsf] sf/0f / To;af6 d'lQmsf] sf/0f ;f]Wof] . Clifn] Wofg clg of]uanaf6 ;a} s'/f atfpg'eof] . Clifn] ;'dlt;Fu eg] ls ltdLx¿ klt–kTgL efb|kb z'Snk~rdLsf Clif k~rdLsf] j|t u/ / To; lbg uf]?åf/f hf]ltP/ pAh]sf] s'g} klg cGg gvfg" . o; j|tsf] k|efjn] ltdLx¿sf dftf–lktfn] d'lQm kfpg'x'g]5 . dft[–lkt[eQm ;'dltn] Clifk~rdLsf] j|t u/] h;sf] k|efjaf6 pgsf dftf–lktfnfO{ kz' of]gLaf6 d'lQm ldNof] . of] j|t z/L/åf/f czf}rfj:yfdf ePsf] :kzf{:kz{ tyf cGo kfksf] k|folZrtsf] ¿kdf ul/G5 . o; j|taf6 :qLx¿sf] /h:jnf cj:yfdf :kzf{:kz{sf] ljrf/ /fVg] lzIff lng'kb{5 . ;fy} k'?ifx¿n] klg o; a]nfdf ;+odk"j{s /xg'kb{5 . ho u'?b]j ¤

xflb{s cfdGq0f ¤

k/dk" H o ;b\ u ' ? b] j x¿sf] s[ k f, cfzLjf{ b :j¿k Clifk~rdLsf] kfjg cj;/df Clif k"hg sfo{qmd ;DkGg x'g] ePsf]n] ;d:t dlxnf lbbL alxgLx¿df xflb{s cfdGq0f ub{5f}F . :yfgM a;'Gw/f cf>d . ;doM laxfg !) ah] .

l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}F .


lx

xl/tflnsf tLh

Gb" dlxnfx¿n] dgfpg] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] kj{ tLh xf] . tLh kj{ efb| z'Sn låtLofb]lv dgfOG5 . ljjfx u/L cfÇgf -nf]Ug]sf_ 3/ uPsf 5f] / L–r] n LnfO{ tLh dfGg dfOtL3/df af] n fpg] rng 5 . tLhsf] z'ef/De låtLofsf lbg ljleGg kl/sf/sf vfB ;fdu|L, ldi7fGg ef]hg tof/ u/L ;a} 5f]/L–r]nL hDdf eO{ b/ vfg] / v'jfpg] ub{5g\ . t[tLofsf lbgdf laxfg ;a]/} :gfg u/L z'4 kljq eO{ lg/fxf/ j|t a:b5g\ . lbgdf lzj dlGb/, b]jfnodf hDdf eP/ gfr–ufg ub{5g\ . tLhsf] o; wfld{s kj{ dgf]/~hg;Fu hf]l8Psf] x'G5 tfklg 5f]/L–r]nLx¿n] jif{el/ ef]u]sf b'Mv;'vnfO{ tLhsf] uLtsf ¿kdf ptfb}{ gfr]/ dgf]/~hg ub{5g\ . ljjflxtf dlxnf k|foM /ftf] klx/g / uxgfn] ;lhPsf x'G5g\ eg] sGofx¿ klg j|t / gfrufgdf ;fy lbO/x]sf x'G5g\ . tLhdf lnPsf] o; lg/fxf/ j|tsf k|efjn] hGd hGdfGt/sf] kfk gfz eO{ kltsf] cfo' a9\g] / sGofn] of]Uo j/ kfpg] ljZjf; ul/G5 . tLhsf lbg a]n'sL j|tfn'n] lzjhL / sGofsf] k"hf u/L kmnfxf/ ub{5g\ . k~rdLsf] lbg ;KtifL{ k"hg ug'{kg]{ ePsf]n] laxfg ;a]/} k|To]s lbgsf] lx;fan] jif{el/ -Ps jif{df #^% lbg x'g] ePsf]n]_ sf] #^% k6s bltjgåf/f bfFt df´]/ #^% k6s df6f] / kfgLn] :gfg u/L k~ruJo ;]jg ug'{kb{5 . o; k~rdLnfO{ Clifk~rdL elgG5 . Clifk~rdLdf uf}td, e/åfh, jlzi7, clq, hdblUg, sZok / ljZjfldq u/L ;fthgf Clifsf]

k"hg ul/G5 . ;fydf c?GwtLsf] k"hf u/L ;f}efUosf ;fdfg r9fOG5 . jif{e/ dlxgfjf/L -/h:jnf_ sf] ;dodf gf/Laf6 s'g} q'l6 ePsf] eP k~rdL k"hf ugf{n] kfkaf6 d'lQm kfOG5 eGg] ljZjf; ul/G5 . /h:jnf ePsL gf/LnfO{ klxnf] lbg rf08fNgL, bf];|f] lbg a|Åd3fltgL, t];|f] lbg wf]ljgL / rf}yf] lbg :gfg u/]kZrft\ z'4 dfGg] ul/G5 . plxn] ljbe{ b]zdf pQª gfdsf a|fÅd0fsf Ps 5f]/f / Ps 5f]/L lyP, 5f]/f] ;fg} pd]/df j]bdf kf/Ët eof], 5f]/L k"j{hGdsf] kfkn] ;fg} pd]/df ljwjf eOg\ . crfgs 5f]/Lsf] z/L/el/ vl6/f cfP/ sL/f k/]5g\ . o:tf] jh|kft lsg eof] egL ljrf/ ubf{ cl3Nnf] hGddf /h:jnf x'Fbf 5'jf5't ug]{, Clif k~rdL j|tsf] ckx]ngf ug]{, t/ k~rdL k"hf u/]sf] eg] x]g]{ u/]sf] yfxf kfP . k"hf x]/]sf] k'0on] p;sf] hGd a|fÅd0f kl/jf/df eP5 . of] yfxf kfO{ dftflktfn] k~rdL j|t u/fP, ta pgL kfk d'Qm eOg\ . kj{t/fh lxdfnosL k'qL kfj{tLn] dxfb]j klt kfpg s7f]/ j|t, k"hf, cf/fwgf ub}{ /x]sL lyOg\ . o:t}df Pslbg gf/bsf] ;Nnfxcg';f/ eujfg\ >Llji0f';Fu kfj{tLsf] ljjfx ul/lbg] s'/f rn]sf] kfj{tLn] yfxf kfO{ cfÇgf ;vLx¿sf ;fy PsfGtdf uO{ n'lsg\ . cflnsf gfd u/]sL ;vL -;fyL_ n] kfj{tLnfO{ eufP/ n'sfpg nu]sL x'Fbf x/t ± cflnsf ˜ xl/tflnsf, cflnsfn] x/0f u/]sf] x'Fbf o; kj{nfO{ xl/tflnsf tLh eGg] ul/Psf] xf] h'g s'/f kf}/fl0fs syfx¿df kfOG5 . ho u'?b]j ¤

xflb{s cfdGq0f ⁄

lqzlQm ;fwgfsf] lbJo cj;/

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx¿ >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cfzLjf{b:j¿k tLhsf] ljz]if sfo{qmd ;DkGg x'g] ePsf]n] pQm lbg ;xefuL x'g ;Dk"0f{ lbbL alxgLx¿nfO{ xflb{s cfdGq0f ub{5f}F . :yfgM a;'Gw/f cf>fd . ;doM laxfg !)M)) ah] .

gj/flqdf ;DkGg ug{ ;lsg] lqzlQm ;fwgfsf] ;fwgf Kofs]6 cf>ddf pknAw 5 . pQm ;fwgf 3/df g} a;]/ ;DkGg ug{ ;lsg] ePsf]n] cfh} ;Dks{ /fvL o; l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| lbJo cj;/sf] ;b'kof]u ug'{xf]nf . a;'Gw/f, sf7df8f}F .

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 27


klzionfO{ 1fg k|bfg ug{sf nflu lzj g} dfgjz/L/ wf/0f u/]/ p;nfO{ k"0f{tf k|bfg ub{5g\ . k lzio h'g w/ftndf plePsf] x'G5, To;sf] a/fa/ cj:yfdf g} cfP/ 1fg k|bfg ug{ ;lsG5 . ctM lzio h'g l:yltdf x'G5, u'? klg ToxL l:yltdf cfpF5g\ . k ;b\u'?sf] ;dLk a:gfn] g} dg cfgGbk"0f{ x'g hfG5 . u'?sf] z/L/ ;fwf/0f k|f0fLx多sf] z/L/h:t} x'bF g } , pgsf] z/L/ tk:ofsf] pmhf{n] kl/k"0f{ x'G5, hf];'s} ;fws pgsf] ;fdLKotf k|fKt ub{5, pm cfgGbdo x'g hfG5 . k lzion] c1fgtfjz hGd d[To'nfO{ cfkm"dfly cf/f]lkt ub}{ ef]Ub5 . u'?n] o:tf] ldYof 1fgnfO{ ;dfKt u/]/ lzionfO{ p;sf] :j?kl;t kl/lrt u/fpF5g\ . 28 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


k u'? lziosf nflu ;b}j jGbgLo 5g\, u'? p;sf] cf/fWob]j x'g\ . o; hLjgdf s'g} ;DaGw ;To / :jfy{/lxt 5 eg] Tof] u'? lzio ;DaGw xf] . k u'? ;b}j cToGt s?0ffk"js { lziosf] lxtsf] nflu lrlGtt x'G5g\ . lzio cg]sf}F hGdb]lv elTsFb} / ;+t[Kt 5 . u'?n] g} p;nfO{ cWofTdnfO{ cWofTdlt/ k|]l/t ub{5g\ . k ha ;fws ;dk{0fsf] ;Ldfdf k'Ub5 ta u'?sf cltl/Qm ;+;f/df p;nfO{ s]xLsf] klg cfsif{0f /xFb}g, ;f/f ;+;f/Ls ;DaGw uf}0f x'g hfG5 . u'? lziosf] ;DaGw t b]jtfx¿sf nflu klg b'n{e 5 . k ha ;+;f/df ;a} ;DaGwL ljklQ cfPkl5 lziosf] ;fy 5f]8\b5 eg] u'? g} p;sf nflu ;xfos l;4 x'G5g\ . oxL pgsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] lrgf/Lsf] :j?k xf] . k u'?sf] lg/Gt/ lrGtg ugf{n] ;fwssf] a'l4 u'?sf] k|f0fl;t hf]l8P/ kljq x'g hf5 . ta u'?sf] a|Ådo :j?k k|s6 eP/ lziosf] sNof0f ub{5 . kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 29


k/a|Åd, k/dfTdf, cnv lg/~hg dxfof]uL lzj uf]/Ifsf lbJo jf0fLleq ;dflxt u"9td /x:ox¿, cfWoflTds pGglt, k| u ltsf gjLgtd dfu{ x ¿, ;fwgfTds pRrtfsf lbJotd ljlwx¿ ;Dk" 0 f{ :t/sf JolQmx¿sf nflu plQs} cfjZos 5g\, plQs} cfb/0fLo 5g\ . dxfof]uLsf lbJotd jf0fLx¿ uf]/vjf0fLsf ¿kdf ljZjljVoft\ 5g\ . k/dtŒj k/dfTdfsf] j0f{g Pj+ JolQmdf cGtlg{lxt zlQmx¿sf] dfWodaf6 ;fIffTsf/, cfTd;fIffTsf/ s;/L ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] ;DaGwdf pTkGg ulx/fO 5'g], hLjgsf jf:tljs dd{x¿ ´Nsfpg] oL lbJo jf0fLx¿ ;a}sf nflu cg's/0fLo Pj+ dfu{lgb]{zs x'g]5g\ eGg] cfzfsf ;fy k|sfzg ub}{ cfO/x]sf 5f}F . ziof /x} udfof hfo . ;lt;lt efif+t >Luf]/if/fo .. o]j} slx b';/} dfgL uf]/if . sx}+ jf] a8Þf}+ Uof+gL .. u'? uf]/vgfy pkb]z lbFb} eGg'x'G5— Ps kIfn] 1fgf]kb]z, u'?1fg, u'?jrgnfO{ pkb]z lbG5g\ csf]{ kIfn] To;nfO{ :jLsf/ u/L x'ax' nfu" ub{5g\, Jojxf/df ptf5{g \ . s'g} klg j:t'sf] ;+/If0f ugf{n] g} ;'/lIft /xG5 / To;nfO{ a]jf:tf ugf{n] cyf{t\ To;nfO{ u'dfpgfn] ;bfsf nflu cfÇgf] xftaf6 u'D5, of] Jofjxfl/s ;To xf] . o;}n] eGg]jfnf cyf{t\ u'?1fg;Ddt pkb]z lbg]jfnf Pj+ pkb]znfO{ hLjgdf ptfg]{jfnf b'j} g} lgM;Gb]x pQdsf]l6sf 1fgL x'g\ . Ro++t cRo+t xL pkh} . Ro+tf ;a h'u ifL0f .. hf]uL Ro+tf aL;/} tf} . xf]O{ cRo+tlx nLg .. ;fwfgfTds¿kdf cufl8 a9\g rfxg] ;Dk"0f{ ;fwsx¿, rfx] of]u dfu{nfO{ cFufn"g,\ rfx] cfWoflTds dfu{nfO{ c·fNg] x'g,\ ;a}nfO{ lrGtf Pp6f eofgs afwf xf] . lrGtf cgfof;} hGdG5 . lagfsf/0f klg o;n] ;tfpg yfN5 . s'g} klg k|sf/sf] cefjsf] sf/0f lrGtf hlGdG5, rfx] b'Mvsf] a]nfdf xf];\ jf wf/0ff cflbaf6 lrGtfsf] pTklQ x'G5 . lrGtfsf] clUgdf hln/x]sf] ;d:t hut\ g}/fZosf] l:yltdf lga{n, pbf;, b'Mlvt, Pj+ dfgl;s¿kdf sdhf]/ eO/x]sf 5g\ . of] lglj{jfb 5 ls of]uLnfO{ lrGtfn] ;tfpFb}g lsgls pgLx¿ 30 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

k/dfTdf k|flKtsf] nflu cg';Gwfgdf tTk/ /lx/x]sf x'G5g\ / k/dfTdfsf] cf>o k|fKt ul//x]sf x'G5g\ . o;}n] of]uLsf] hLjg lhpg'df g} cfgGb x'G5 . sf/0f pgLx¿ lrGtfdf xf]Og, k/a|Åd lzjsf] lrGtgdf Wofg Pj+ ljrf/df tNnLg /xG5g\ . lu/xLsf] Uof+g cdnL sf] Wofg . a"rf sf] sfg j]Zof sf] dfg .. j}/fuL c/ dfof :o+ xfy . of kf+rfsf] Psf] ;fy .. u[x:yhLjgdf /x]/ ;w}F ljifo k|k+rdf dfq} cf;Qm /xL To;}df x/fpg]n] cfTdaf]w ug{ ;Sb}gg\ . To:t} cDdndf, b'Jo{;gdf lnKt x'g]n] cDdnL kbfy{sf] Tofu ug{ ;Sb}gg\ . pgLx¿sf] Wofg vfln ToxL rLh k|flKtsf] nflu t8\lkG5 . b'Jo{;gLx¿sf] hLjg ;bfrf/k/fo0f x'g} ;Sb}g . To:t} hf] JolQm klxNo} a'Rrf] 5 cyf{t\ sfg g} 5}g, p;nfO{ sfgsf] dxŒj g} x'Fb}g, p;n] sfgsf]] dxTj a'´]s} xF'b}g . To:t} j]Zof hlt /fd|L, ;'Gb/L eP klg, hlt w]/} wg cfh{g u/] klg ;dfhdf p;nfO{ k|lti7f kfpg ufx|f] x'G5 . p;nfO{ Ps ;bfrf/L u[x0fLsf] h:tf] dfg–;Ddfg k|fKt x'g} ;Sb}g . To:t} j}/fUosf] kydf cufl8 al9/x]sf] lj/Qm ;fws dfofsf] hfndf nf]s–;+ux| df / wg cflbsf] ;+rosf] k|kr + df kg}{ ;Sb}g . lj/Qmx¿ dfofdf cf;Qm x'gfn] gi6 x'G5g\ . t;y{ of] lglZrt Pj+ ;To 5 ls k|kr + df u[x:y, Jo;gL, a'Rrf], j]Zof, / dfofdf km:g] ;+Gof;L klg cyf{t\ lj/Qm oL kfFr cfkm}Fdf ;dfgwdL{ 5g\, cfÇgf] dof{bfaf6 vfnL 5g\, logLx¿nfO{ slxNo} ;Ddflgt eGg ;lsFb}g .


k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cfzLjf{b:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

gjb'uf{ 8«fO{le∙ OlG:6Ro'6 n]=g=kf= –&, tfnrf]s oxf“ sf/, df]6/;fOsn, :s'6/ tyf ljleGg ;jf/L ;fwfg l;Sgsf nflu / a;, 6«s, ldlga;, 6«ofS6/sf] nfO;]G; lgsfNg] ;xof]usf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;D´g'xf];\ .

–k|f]= kl/j]z cf]emf,sNkgf cf]emf tyf ;Dk"0f{ kl/jf/ – v'bL .

k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

l8NnL/fd kf}8]n, k|]d s'df/L kf}8]n tyf ;Dk'0f{ kf}8]n kl/jf/ n]=g=kf= –!@ v'bL . k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jåo >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k sf:sL lhNnf n]vgfy–!@ v'bLdf cf>d ejg lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ;d:t ;ldltsf kbflwsf/Lx¿, ;fws;flwsfx¿, rGbfbftfx¿ ;Dk"0f{sf] ;xof]udf lgdf{0f sfo{ ;kmn ePsf]df ;a}nfO{ xflb{s wGojfb lbFb} cf>dsf] pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] sfdgf ub{5f}F .

/fd axfb'/ u'?ª, ;fljqL u'?ª tyf ;Dk'0f{ kl/jf/ kf]v/f–!) ldng6f]n kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 31


b]vfpg' ePsf] lyof] ls /;fog If]qdf klg Clifd'lgk|bQ 1fg ljZjdf clåtLo 5 . pxf“sf] ;flgWotfdf pxf“sf w]/} lziox¿n] /;fog 1fg k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ / tfdfnfO{ ;'g agfP/ o; ljlwnfO{ dxQf / uf}/j lbPsf 5g\ . k/flj1fg k/flj1fgdf klg u'?b]jsf] b]g ct'ngLo 5 . pxf“sf cg';f/ lghL{j dfgjhLjgdf k|f0f / r]tgf k|bfg ug]{ ljBf g}

-l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|af6 k|sflzt ‘clåtLo o'u k'?if M 8f=gf/fo0f bQ >LdfnL’ k':tsaf6 ;fef/ u/L qmlds?kdf k|sflzt ;fdu|L ._

kf/blj1fg /;fog If]q klg k"Hokfbsf] of]ubfgaf6 jl~rt /x]sf] 5}g . /;fogzf:qdf klg pxf“df c;fwf/0f 1fg lyof] . To;df kf/blj1fg pxf“sf] ljz]if ?lrsf] ljifo lyof] . u'? uf]/vgfy kf/bsf] ck|ltd cfrfo{ x'g'x'GYof] . pxf“n] o; ljifodf ‘kf/b kf/; /x:o’ k':tssf] ;d]t /rgf ug'{ePsf] lyof] . kf/b cyjf kf/f] cfkm“}df Pp6f dxŒjk"0f{ /;fog xf] . t/n cj:yfdf /x]sf] kf/f]nfO{ ljleGg ;+:sf/x¿ ;DkGg u/]/ 7f]; ¿kdf kl/jt{g ug]{ ljlw zf:qx¿df jl0f{t eP klg o;;DaGwL 1ftfsf] eg] cefj g} 5 . kf/blj1fg;DaGwL pxf“df ck"j{ 1fg lyof] . kf/blj1fgsf !)* ;+:sf/x¿sf] gfd / ltgLx¿sf] ljlwnfO{ u'?b]jn] w]/} k6s :ki6\ofpg' ePsf] lyof] . kf/bnfO{ b]jflbb]j eujfg\ dxfb]jsf] jLo{ dflgG5 . t/n cj:yfsf] kf/bnfO{ af“w]/ To;af6 lzjln+usf] lgdf{0f ug'{

k/fljBf xf] . o; ljBfsf] dfWodaf6 lagf cWoog x/ ljifodf k|fdfl0fstfsf ;fy 1fg k|fKt ug{ ;lsG5 / x/ ljifodf wf/fk|jfx ?kdf af]Ng ;lsG5 . cfh lj1fg tyf k|ljlwn] w]/} ljsf; u/]sf] 5 . dfgjhLjgnfO{ w]/} ;'v, ;'ljwfx¿ k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . tyflk ljZja|≈df08 /x:o g} /x:on] el/Psf] 5 / ltgnfO{ a'‰g ;Sg' lj1fgsf] jzleq klg kb}{g . cWofTd g} Pp6f o:tf] dfu{ xf] h;sf] cjnDagåf/f u"9 a|≈df08Lo /x:ox¿nfO{ a'‰g ;lsG5 . o; ;Gbe{df k/flj1fgsf] clt g} dxŒjk"0f{ :yfg /x]sf] 5 . a|≈df08df Psk6s pRrl/t

cToGt b'n{e sfo{ xf] . o:tf] lzjln+usf] ;xh} lgdf{0f u/]/ pxf“n] cfÇgf lziox¿nfO{ kf/b lzjln+u ;xh} lbg'ePsf] 5 . ;fgf ;fgf kf/b lzjln+usf] lgdf{0fnfO{ t ;fdfGo ?kdf g} lng ;lsG5 t/ pxf“n] @! lsnf]sf] kf/b lzjln+usf] ;d]t lgdf{0f ug'{ePsf] 5 . kf/bafx]s cGo ljleGg /;fog;DaGwL klg pxf“n] sfo{ ug'{ePsf] 5 . ljleGg /;fog;DaGwL ljleGg k|lqmofx¿nfO{ pxf“n] l;sfpg' ePsf] 5, k|i6\ofpg' ePsf] 5, k|sflzt ug'{ePsf] 5 . Pp6f wft'nfO{ csf]{ wft'df ?kfGtl/t ug]{ ljlwsf] pxf“n] vf]hL ug'{ePsf] lyof] / ckf/ hg;d"xsf] cufl8 pxf“n] ;kmntfk"j{s o:tf] u/]/

ePsf Wjlgx¿ / ag]sf b[Zox¿ slxNo} d]l6“b}gg\ / cfh klg k/flj1fgsf] dfWodaf6 xhf/f}“ jif{ klxn]sf ;+jfbx¿ ;'Gg ;lsG5 / b[Zox¿ x]g{ ;lsG5 eGg] tYonfO{ u'?b]jn] klxnf]k6s ;j{;fwf/0f;dIf pb\af]w ug'{eof] . t;y{, cfh klg dxfef/t o'4sf b[Zox¿ b]Vg ;lsG5, eujfg\ >Ls[i0fsf] d'vf/ljGbaf6 pRrl/t ePsf] uLtfnfO{ ;'Gg ;lsG5, eujfg\ >L/fdsf] afNosfnnfO{ b]Vg ;lsG5, Clifd'lgx¿sf] tk:ofnfO{ a'‰g ;lsG5 . ;fj/ d+q k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jn] ;fj/ ;fwgfsf] If]qdf cgluGtL sfo{x¿ ug'{ePsf] 5 . cfhsf] o'udf j}lbs ;fwgfx¿sf] lgod,

] n j ] b ? ' u \ b ; o H " k d k/

32 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


cg'zf;g kfng ug{ sl7g x'g] tYo dx;'; ub}{ ;/n t/Lsfdf, lagf s'g} ljlw–ljwfg ug{ ;lsg] >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfyåf/f k|ltkflbt ;fj/ ;fwgfx¿nfO{ pxf“n] hg–hgdf NofOlbg' ePsf] 5 . ;fj/ d+q h'g;'s} efiffdf klg x'g ;S5g\ . x]bf{ 6]9fd]9f, cgf}7fh:tf nfUg] oL d+qx¿n] cfZro{do ?kdf sfd ub{5g\ . oL d+qx¿ lz3| kmnbfoL / sd ;+Vofdf hk u/] klg k'Ug] x'G5 . clt ;/n / ;xh ePsfn] ;fj/ d+q ;j{;fwf/0fsf] nflu clt g} pkof]uL d+q x'g\ tyflk ;fj/ d+q b'n{e / ;j{;fwf/0fsf] kx'“reGbf 6f9f /x]sf] l:ylt lyof] . o:tf] l:yltdf u'?b]jn] ;fj/ ;fwgfnfO{ ;a}sf nflu ;xh ?kdf k|fKo agfOlbg' eof] . u'?b]jsf] ;fwgfTds hLjgsf] Ps lx:;f uf]/vk'/ / g]kfndf lat]sf] 5 . u'?b]jn] cfÇgf] of]u ;fwgfaf6 k"j{sfndf u'? uf]/vgfyn] tk:of ug'{ePsf] / ;fj/ d+qsf] /rgf ug'{ePsf] :yfg kQf nufpg' ePsf] lyof] . ;g\ !((@ df pxf“n] u'h/ft /fHosf] k+rdxn lhNnfsf] uf]w/f eGg] :yfgdf cfÇgf lziox¿nfO{ ;fj/ ;fwgf u/f“pbf of] /x:of]b\3f6g ug'{ePsf] lyof] ls Tof] If]qsf] s0f–s0f u'? uf]/vgfysf] tk:ofn] cfk"l/t 5 tyf Toxf“sf] jfo'd08ndf cfh klg tL lbJo Wjlgx¿ ;'/lIft 5g\ h'g klxn] u'? uf]/vgfysf] >Ld'vaf6 pRrl/t ePsf lyP . pxf“n] ;w}“ g} u'? uf]/vgfysf] ;Ddfg ug'{ePsf] 5 eg] ;fj/ ;fwgfsf] k|efjsfl/tfnfO{ w]/} g} dxŒj lbg'ePsf] 5 . u'?b]jn] ;do ;dodf ;fj/ ;fwgfsf] lzlj/ ;DkGg u/fpg' ePsf] lyof] . *=%=*& – !#=%=*& ;Dd ;fj/ ;fwgf lzlj/sf] cfof]hgf ug'{ePsf] lyof] . To:t}, d+q t+q o+q lj1fg klqsfdf w]/} k6s ;fj/ ;fwgf ljz]iff+s k|sfzg ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cfw'lgs o'udf ;fj/ d+qnfO{ hg hgsf] xftdf ydfpg u'?b]jn] dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x ug'{eof] .

;

g f b u ] f o ] f s P e ' g b l { O fd hnf s[ltx¿sf] cWoog u/f}F

k/dk" H o ;b\ u ' ? b] j 8f= gf/fo0fbQ >LdfnLHo"n] ljleGg ljifodf kfFr ;oeGbf a9L s[ltsf] /rgf ug'{ePsf] 5 . tGq, dGq, oGq, Hof]ltif, cfo'j]{b, x:t/]vf lj1fg, of]u, Wofg, ;fwgflbdf s]lGb|t pxfFsf s[ltx¿ Pp6f k|fdfl0fs b:tfj]hsf ¿kdf /lx/x]sf] 5 . oL ljifox¿df hfgsf/L k|fKt ug{ rfxg]x¿sf nflu oL s[ltx¿ ;bf w/f]x/sf ¿kdf /lx/xg] s'/fdf s'g} ;+bx] /xGg . pxfFsf s[ltx¿sf] cWoog u/L oL ljifox¿df cTolws hfgsf/L xfl;n u/f}F .

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 33


cfo'j]{b eg]sf] olt dfq} xf] t< /Qmdf]If0f

-£o"_ sf] b+z:yfgdf n]k nufpg'k5{ . ;fy} cEo+u u/]/ ztwf}t £o"sf] lkr' /fVg'k5{ jf dw'n] dflnz u/]/ zLt kl/if]s u/]/ n]k nufP/ a+wg af“Wg'k5{ cyf{t\ ;Dou\ of]udf ztwf}t £o"sf] cEo+u Pj+ lkr' /fVg] . xLgof]udf hnf}sfj|0f -3fpsf]_ dw'åf/f kL8g ug{] tyf cltof]udf zLt hnn] kl/if]s u/]/ aGwg af“Wg] / ldYofof]udf siffo, dw'/, zLt cf}ifwLsf] n]k ug{] . olb /ut alu/x]df hfToflb t]nn] j|0f af“Wg'k5{ . h'sfn] Psk6sdf @ cc b]lv !% cc ;Dd a9LeGbf a9L /ut r':b5 / lgsfNb5 . olb of] eGbf a9L dfqfdf /ut lgsfNg' k/]df Pp6f dfq h'sfn] gx'g] x'gfn] b'O{ jf ;f] eGbf a9L h'sfsf] cyf{t\ @, $ jf ^ h'sfx¿ nufpg ;lsG5 . olb h'sfn] /ut vfO;s]kl5 t'?Gt /f]uLsf] j|0f jf 3fpaf6 /ut /f]lsof];\ eGg] nfU5 eg], h'sf lgsfn]kl5 yf]/} /ut hfg lbg] / j|0fd'vnfO{ skf;n] (cotton) jf uhlk; (gauze piece ;kmf u/]/ j|0fa+wg ug'{k5{ .

/utnfO{ z/L/af6 d'Qm ug',{ lgx{/0f ug',{ lgsfNg', aufpg] lqmofnfO{ g} /Qmdf]If0f elgG5 . xfdLn] o;eGbf cufl8sf cÍdf j0f{g u/]sf jdg, lj/]rg, jl:t, g:o cflb k~rsdL{o k|dv ' sd{df bf]ifx¿sf] zf]wg k|dv ' p2]Zo lyof] eg] /Qmdf]If0f sd{df bf]ifx¿sf] ck]Iff wft'–/Qmsf] lgx{/0f g} k|wfg ljifo xf] . /ut -/Qm_ z/L/sf] Ps cToGt dxŒjk"0f{ wft' xf] . of] b'lift ePdf /utnfO{ lgsfn]/ JolQmsf] :jf:Yo /Iff x]t' /Qmdf]If0f ljlw cToGt cfjZos dflgG5 . /QmnfO{ lgsfNg] ;dodf bf]ifsf] cyf{t\ lkQbf]ifsf] klg lgx{/0f x'G5 lsgls /Qm Pj+ lkQdf cf>o>oL efj x'G5 . tyf lkQ Joflwx¿sf] nflu /Qmdf]If0f Ps k|wfg pkfosf] ¿kdf lnOG5 . /Qmdf]If0f cfz'kmnk|b -l56f] k|efj b]vfpg]_ x'G5 t/ ljlw–ljwfgdf eg] cToGt xf]lzof/ x'gk' 5{ . xfdLn] o; cl3sf] cÍdf /Qmdf]If0fsf] k|sf/df kg{] hnf}sf ljlwsf] s]xL rrf{ u/]sf lyof}“, o; cÍdf of]u, cof]u, cltof]usf] nIf0f M– To;}sf] af“sL ljifosf] rrf{ ug{]5f}“ . !_ cz'4 /ut lglSn;s]kl5, ha z'4 /ut lgSng yfN5 !_ hnf} s fsf] pkrf/ M– hnf} s fsf] jf h' s fnfO{ ta s08' -lrnfpg]_ cflb nIf0f b]v]/ h'sfnfO{ 5'6fpg'k5{ b+zf:yfgdf ;}+wj r"0f{ jf g'g kfgL nufP/ x6fpg'k5{ . eGg] dt cfrfo{ ;'>'t Pj+ jfUe6sf] 5 . pxf“x¿n] /utsf] km]l/ h'sfsf] d'vdf ;}+wj ldl>t t]n dNg'k5{ / z/L/df dfg eg] pNn]v ug'{ePsf] 5}g . @_ j|0f jf 6f]s]sf] 7fp“df j]bgf -kL8f_ tyf nflndf rfdnsf] e'if df]Ng'k5{ h;n] ubf{ h'sfnfO{ ;dfpg ;lhnf] xf];\ . km]l/ af“of xftsf] sfG5L cf}“nfn] k'R5/lt/ alnof] u/]/ -/ftf]kgf_ zflGt ePkl5 -d'n j]bgf_ b'lift /ut lgl:sPsf] ;dft]/ bf“of xftsf] cf}“nfn] la:tf/} la:tf/} k'R5/af6 d'vlt/ nIf0f xf] of] . lgrf]8\b} hfg'k5{ . o;n] ubf{ h'sfn] /utsf] jfGtf -jdg_ /Qmdf]If0f cof]Uo M– h;sf] ;Dk"0f{ z/L/df zf]y 5, hf] /f]usf] sf/0f cToGt u5{ . jdgsf] /fd|f] nIf0f -;Dou\ jdg_ ePkl5 h'sfnfO{ hnkfqdf 5f]8g\ k' 5{ . olb h'sf st} grlnsg Ps} 7fp“df dfq b'a{n ePsf] 5, ule{0fL :qLdf /Qmdf]If0f ug'{ x'“b}g, cDn cflb a:b5 eg] jfGtf ;Dos gePsf] a'∆g'k5{ . t/ olb eIosf] kbfy{ ;]jgaf6 pTkGg kf+8', cz{, pb/ zf]y cflbdf, a[4, zf]wgsf] nflu otf ptf nfU5 eg], 3'Dg nfU5 eg] dfGg'k5{ cToGt ?If z/L/ ePsf], w]/} kl/>daf6 yfs]sf]df / b'Anf] ls jdg /fd|f] eof] cyf{t\ ;Dou\ jdgsf] nIf0f dflgG5 . kftnf] JolQmdf, /fltdf hfuf/fd a;]sf] JolQmdf . c;Dou\ nIf0f b]lvPdf klg h'sfnfO{ km]l/ jdg gu/fPdf, /Qmdf]If0f of]Uo sfn M– z/b Ct' jf z/bsfndf /Qmdf]If0f u/fpg' plrt Tof] b'lift /ut glgsfn]df h'sfnfO{ …O+b|dbÚ gfds /f]u -db_ x'G5 h;sf] sf/0f h'sf dg{ klg ;S5 jf k'gM /Qmkfg ug{ dflgG5, h'g lbg g a9L xfjf, g udL{ ePsf] df};ddf, jiff{ c;dy{ x'G5 . ;fy} a9L jdg u/fPdf klg h'sf d5{ . To;}n] Ct'df afbn gePsf] a]nfdf, u|Lid Ct'df zLt ;dodf -laxfg jf a]n'sL_, x]d+t Ct'df dWof≈gsfndf /Qmdf]If0f pQm h'sfnfO{ cnu ef“8fdf /fVg'k5{ . u/fpg' k5{ eGg] ljwfg 5 . cft'/ -lj/fdLsf]_ pkrf/ M– h'sfdf ePsf] /Qmf:s+bL jf:tjdf g} eGg] xf] eg] /Qmdf]If0f, hnf}sf ljlw cToGt (anticoagulant) lx:8Lg (hirudin) gfds kbfy{sf] k|efjsf/L cfo'j]{lbs k~rsd{ ljlw xf] . nfdf] ;do;Dd sf/0f h'sfnfO{ b]z:yfgaf6 x6fP klg /ut l5§} hDb}g / cf}ifw vfP/ klg lgsf] gePsf ljleGg 5fnf;DaGwL /f]ux¿df alu/xG5 . t/ l56f]eGbf l56f] lj/fdLsf] /Qm;|fj aGb ug{] tyf hnf}sf ljlw cToGt k|efjsf/L kfOPsf] 5 . j|0f/f]k0f -3fp ;Grf]_ agfpg] pkrf/ ug'{k5{ . /Qmdf]If0fsf] ho u'?b]j †  of]u, cof]u tyf cltof]usf] nIf0fsf] nIf0f x]/]/ ztwf}t 3[t 34 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|


x:t/]vf lj1fg

x:t kl/ro ;flxTosf/ M

wdf{rfo{ M olb s'g} dflg;sf] xftdf rf]/L cf}Fnf ;flxFnL cf}FnfeGbf nfdf] 5 tyf u'? kj{tn] k"0f{ ljsf; lnPsf] 5 / To;df qm;sf] lrÅg 5 eg] Tof] JolQm lgZro g} Ps ;kmn k'/f]lxt jf wfld{s JolQm x'G5 . olb dfly n]lvPsf] lrÅg 5 / ;"o{ kj{t / ;"o{ /]vf clt g} ljsl;t 5 eg] Tof] JolQm k|l;4 pkb]zs jf wdf{rfo{ wdf{rfo{ x'G5 . dfly n]lnPsf lrÅg 5g\ tyf hLjg/]vf sfl6Psf] 5 eg] o:tf] JolQm lgZro g} ;+Gof;L x'G5 / ;+Gof;L ePkl5 g} p;nfO{ oz tyf ;Ddfg k|fKt x'G5 .

snfsf/

snfsf/ M

h'g JolQmsf] xTs]nfdf u'? kj{t tyf rGb| kj{tn] k"0f{?kdf pef/ lnPsf] b]lvG5 tyf ;"o{sf] cf}Fnf rf]/L cf}FnfeGbf nfdf] 5 / cf}Fnfx¿df ufF7f 5}gg\ eg] Tof] JolQm Ps ;kmn ;flxTosf/ x'G5 . o;sf ;fy;fy} ;"o{/]vf olb nfdf] 5, lgbf]{if 5 tyf ;"o{ kj{t cfÇgf] :yfgdf 5 eg] p;n] n]vgsf] dfWodaf6 k|l;l4 k|fKt ub{5 . olb dflysf u' 0 f 5g\ / rGb|/]vf wg'if?kdf eP/ a'w kj{tlt/ cfO/x]sf] b]lvG5 eg] Tof] JolQm Ps ;kmn slj x'G5 . o;sf ;fy;fy} olb efUo/]vf tyf dl:tis/]vf k"0f{ ljsl;t Pj+ :ki6 5 eg] Tof] JolQmn] lgZro g} cfÇgf] If]qdf oz, ;Ddfg tyf ;flxTosf/ k|l;l4 k|fKt ub{5 .

ha s'g} JolQmsf] xTs]nf k"/f nDafOo'Qm 5 tyf ufF7f]/lxt b]lvG5 eg] Pj+ p;sf cf}Fnfx¿ cleg]tf–cleg]qL M 58\s]5 eg] tyf cf}Fnfsf dflysf olb xTs]ndf ;a} cf}Fnfx¿ sf]dn tyf 58\s] 5g\ tyf l;/f r'Rrf] k/]sf 5g\ eg] Tof] ;"o{sf] cf}Fnf ljz]if¿kdf nfdf] 5 tyf dflyaf6 r'Rrf] k/]sf] JolQm ;kmn snfsf/ x'G5 . 5 eg] tyf dl:tis/]vf Pj+ olb dfly n]lvPsf u'0f 5g\, efUo/]vf k"0f{¿kdf nfdf 5g\ eg] ;fy} rGb| kj{t k"0f{ ljsl;t 5 Tof] dflg; Ps ;kmn cleg]tf jf eg] Tof] JolQm >]i7 lrqsf/ cleg]qL x'G5 . dflgG5 . olb a'w kj{t ljsl;t olb ;" o { / ] v f ljz] i f?kn] 5 tyf a'w /]vf klg k"0f{ nfdf] ;'Gb/, nfdf], :ki6, d'nfod / tyf lgbf]{if?kn] a9]sf] 5 eg] Tof] lgbf]{if 9+un] nfdf] 5 eg] Tof] JolQm ;kmn ;+uLt1 x'G5 . olb dfly n]lvPsf u'0f 5g\ tyf z'qm JolQm clåtLo snfsf/ x'G5 . kj{t k"0f{?kdf ljsf;df 5 eg] tyf To;sf] If]q cToGt km}lnPsf] olb ;" o { / ] v fdf gIfqsf] 5 eg] Tof] JolQm ;kmn g[Tosf/ x'G5 / k|l;l4 k|fKt ub{5 . lrÅg 5 eg] Tof] snfsf/ jf o;sf ;fy;fy} efUo/]vf tyf ;"o{/]vf hlt w]/} :ki6, ulx/f] cleg]qL ljZjljVoft x'G5 . tyf o;n] hlt= w]/} nflndf lnPsf] x'G5, Tof] JolQm Tolt g} w]/} qmdzM ;kmn, nf]slk|o tyf ljVoft x'G5 . cleg]tf kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 35


d]if -r", r], rf], nf, nL, n', n], nf], c_M sGof -6f], kf, kL, k", if, 0f, 7, k], kf]_M z}lIfs k|ult, ;Gtfgaf6 ;'v k|flKt, dgdf eg] wgsf gofF ;|f]t vf]lng]5g\, af}l4s :t/df j[l4 eP/ 8/, låljwf /xg]5 . Jofkf/ Joj;fodf /fd|f] hfg]5, hflu/df kbf]Gglt ldNg] t/ cfn:otfn] sfo{ k|ult x'g]5, :jf:Yodf ;d:of ylkPnf . ! / % xflg x'g] b]lvG5 . # / ^ c+s z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, c+s z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, k"jf{]Q/sf] z'eofqf, kx]Fnf] / /ftf] pQ/ klZrdsf] ofqf, xl/of] / lgnf] /ª z'e /xg]5 . /ª z'e /xg]5 . t'nf -/f, l/, ?, /], /f], tf, lt, t', t]_M j[if -O{, p, P, cf], jf, jL, j', j], jf]_M bfDkTodf ljjfb, k]6sf] /f]u nfUg ;Sg], gf]s/Ldf ;'v ;'ljwf ylkg] 5g\, vr{df eg] cTolws j[l4 ljjfb, ´}´d]nfdf kl/g] ;Defjgf, Jofkf/af6 eg] xf]nf . jf0fLdf ;/:jtLsf] jf; /xg]5 . Jofkf/ /fd|f] cfDbfgL x'g] b]lvG5 . $ / * z'e c+s, km:6fpg]5, z}lIfs k|ult /fd|f] /xg]5 . t/ :yfg hf]8Laf/ z'e, v/fgL / ;]tf] z'e /ª, blIf0f kl/jt{g eg] x'g] b]lvG5 . @ / $ z'e c+s, hf]8Laf/ z'e, blIf0f klZrd z'e /xg]5 . k"j{sf] z'eofqf, ;]tf] / v/fgL /ª z'e /xg]5 . ldy'g -s, sL, s', w, ª, 5, s], sf], x_M k/fqmd a9]/ hfg]5, bfh'efOsf] k"0f{ ;xof]u ldNg]5 . af]nLdf eg] sdhf]/Lkg b]lvG5 . lzIffdf k|ult, Jofkf/ j[l4 t/ dg eg] czfGt /xg] b]lvG5 . # / & c+s z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, pQ/ klZrdsf] sn]hL /ª z'e ofqf, xl/of], lgnf] /ª z'e .

j[lZrs -tf], gf, lg, g', g], gf], of, lo, o'_M

efUo j[l4 x'g]5, dgdf 8/ / lrGtf eg] /xg] b]lvG5 . zq' gfz eP/ hfg]5g\, sd{ k|flKt ldNg]5 / dfg–k|lti7fdf j[l4 x'g] b]lvG5 . ! / ( z'e c+s, hf]8Laf/ z'e, blIf0f k"j{sf] z'e ofqf, /ftf] / z'e /xg]5 .

wg' -o], of], ef, eL, e', w, km, 9f, e]_M

dg eg] cl:y/ / z+sfn' /xg]5, hflu/df ss{6 -xL, x', x], xf], 8f, 8L, 8', 8], 8f]_M kbf]Gglt, Jofkf/df wgnfe, bfh'efO;Fu dgd'6fj, ;/sf/L hflu/df k|ult x'g]5, z}lIfs If]qdf rf]6k6s nfUg ;Sg], ljB't / kfgLaf6 xflg x'g nufgL j[l4 x'g]5 . bfDkTodf eg] ljjfb a9\g]5 . sd{:yfg kl/jt{g x'g ;Snf, bfh'efO;Fu dgd'6fj ;Snf . cfly{s nfe eg] /fd|} x'g]5 . # / ( c+s z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ /xg] b]lvG5 . @ / $ z'e c+s, hf]8Laf/ z'e, k"jf]{Q/sf] z'e z'e, /ftf], kx]Fnf] z'e /ª, pQ/ klZrdsf] z'e ofqf /xg]5 . ds/ -ef], hf, hL, h', h], hf], v, lv, ofqf, v/fgL / sn]hL /ª z'e .

v', v], uf, lu_M l;+x -df, ld, d', d], df], 6f, l6, 6', 6]_M cfTdan j[l4 x'g], ;/sf/L sfo{ aGg]5g\, d'2f– dfldnf kg{ ;Snf, Jofkf/ j[l4, af]nLsf] k|efjn] sfo{ l;l4 ldNg], k/fqmd a9]/ hfg]5 . ! / * z'e c+s, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, /ftf], lgnf] z'e /ª, k"j{ blIf0fsf] z'e ofqf . 36 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

xflg x'g] dlxgf b]lvG5, /L;/fu / 3d08 a9]/ hfg]5, 3/ aflx/ /xg' knf{, bfDkTodf klg ljjfb v]Kg' knf{, efUon] eg] ;fy lbgfn] cNk nfe ldNg] b]lvG5 . @ / * c+s z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, blIf0f klZrdsf] ofqf, v/fgL /ª z'e .


l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf ;Dks{ sfof{nox¿

—Hof]= xl/cf]d clwsf/L ‘Hof]ltif efis/'

-k|:t't /flzkmn ;"o{ l;4fGtdf cfwfl/t 5 . /flzkmn n]vs clwsf/LHo"sf] ;u/dfyf 6]lnlehgdf x/]s lbg laxfg ^M)) b]lv &M)) ah];Dd sfo{qmd ‘u|xkmn’ k|ToIf k|zf/0f x'G5 ._

j'mDe -u", u], uf], ;f, ;L, ;", ;], ;f], bf_M hflu/df :yfg kl/jt{g, z}lIfs k|ult, /f]u, rf]6 / 8/n] l8k|]zg /xg]5 . k]6sf] ;d:of ylkPnf . bfDkTodf ljjfb, ´}´d]nfdf kg]{ ;Defjgf b]lvG5 . Joj;flos nfe eg] /fd|f] /xg]5 . lahf]8L c+s #, & z'e, ljhf]8Laf/ z'e, k"j{ pQ/sf] z'e ofqf, lgnf], sfnf] z'e /ª .

dLg -bL, b', y, ´, `, b], bf], r, rL_M wgdf afwf, lzIffdf k|ult, ;Gtfgsf] lrGtf, cfFvf / lz/kL8f /xg]5 . hflu/df k|ult x'g,] :jf:Yok|lt wg vr{ x'g] b]lvG5 . # / % c+s, lahf]8Laf/ z'e, pQ/ klZrdsf] z'e ofqf, kx]Fnf] lgnf] z'e /ª . c:t' . z'ed\ .

u|x˚n

k|:tf]tf ;u/dfyf 6]lnlehg k+= xl/cf]d clwsf/L -Hof]ltif efis/_ ;fdfv';L, sk'/wf/f, sf7df8f}F .

Hof]ltifLo ;d:of / ;dfwfgsf nflu kfNg'xf];\ . laxfg !! ah]b]lv a]n'sL & ah];Dd

=lrtjg, e=g=kf– @, If]qk'/ kmf]gM )%^–%@!#*% =uf]/vf, ;f}/kfgL—# kf]v/L, kmf]gM (&$^)!**&*, (&$!!@&&$% =sf:sL, kf]=p=d=g=kf=–!), /fd3f6, kmf]gM )^!–%#)&*^ =;nf{xL,a/xyjf–&, P:dfnL= 6f]n, kmf]gM )$^–%$))!! =kfNkf, tfg;]g, kmf]gM (*$&)–@*!** =nlntk'/, nugv]n, kmf]gM@@@))@! =uf]/vf, a;kfs{, kmf]gM )^$–$@)#$* =tgx'F, bdf}nL, Jof; u'kmf, kmf]gM )^%–%^!^^@ =ndh'ª, a]F;Lzx/, eLd;]g6f]n =eQmk'/, s6'Gh]–!, kmf]gM )!–^@!#$%% =sfe|], ag]kf, g=kf= sfof{no k5fl8 kmf]gM )!–^@@%!&@ =sf:sL, n]vgfy rf]s, kmf]gM )^!–@@(!() =l;Gw'nL, /ftdf6f kmf]gM (*$$)$)*(( =:ofª\hf, :ofª\hfahf/ =lrtjg, uf}/Lu~h =l;Gw'kfNrf]s, afx|la;] kmf]gM )!–^(!^%(# =sf:sL, cr{naf]6, laGWojfl;gL =sf7df8f}F, k'/fgf] afg]Zj/, kmf]gM )!–$$^$%$& =sf7df8f}F, l;dn6f/ =sf7df8f}F, tLgs'g] -d'lge}/j_, kmf]gM )!–^(!@*@& =nlntk'/, uf]bfj/L ;]jfx¿ lrgf, l6kg, uf]nul0ft, c+s Hof]ltifåf/f hGd clen]v agfpg'sf ;fy} pkfo u/fOG5 . cWoog, Joj;fo, /f]huf/, ljb]z ofqf, k|]dljjfx, sl7g /f]u, slDkl6zg, ef}lts ;'v, hLjg;fyLsf] rog, ;Gtfg k|flKt, u[x Sn]z / bfDkTo ;'vaf/] plrt ;'´fj / pkfo atfOG5 . jf:t'åf/f 3/, hUuf, k;n, zf]¿dsf] Joj:yfkgaf/] hfgsf/L lbOG5 . wfld{s sfd nf]t, nf]xL ju{, k"hf, kf7, hk, k'/f0f, xf]d / oGq;fwgsf] Joj:yf 5 .

gf]6M :6f]g -kTy/_ gu, lk/fld8 tyf oGqsf] Joj:yf 5 . Residence M )!$#*(^%^, Mobile (*$()@##(@, (*$!$%$#@%

kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 37


ca o; n]vdf e'jgfWjf j0f{g ul/G5 . e"ot] æe"Æ k|fKtf} So'g\ k|TooM . e"wft'sf] ‘k|flKt’ cy{df So'g\ k|Too eP/ æcgÆ cfb]z eO{ e'jg aG5 . ejlGt pTkBGt] o]g . s/0f] No'6\ k|TooM . hf] x'G5 -aG5_ tyf h;af6 c¿ pTkGg x'G5, To;nfO{ ‘e'jg’ eG5g\ . o;sf/0f of] cWjdf ;f]d ;"o{ cflb ;a} lk08x¿sf] /fd|f] j0f{g ug'{kg]{ xf], tyflk 1fgsf] nflu ;ª\lIfKtdf Ps b'O{sf] oyf 1fg j0f{g ul/G5 . ;f]d ;]nfPkl5 To;af6 cgluGtL ;"o{x¿ ag]sf] j0f{g cufl8sf n]vdf ;ª\s]t u/L ;lsof] . To} k|sf/n] x/]s ;"o{x¿af6 klg pl5l§P/ cg]s lk08x¿ ag] . tL ;a} ;]nfPkl5 ;f]db]lv ;fgf ;fgf lk08x¿df klg sfdaLhsf] tŒj lqmofzLn eP/ km}lnof] . clg dfof¿k æx|LÆ tŒjsf] aLh / lqk/;'GbL¿k æ>LÆ tŒjsf] aLh¿k ;f]dsf] ;f]d/;df k/L cÍ'/ pTkGg eO{ x|L>L:j¿k eP/ zf]ef a9fof] . o; ljifodf ;Í]t ub}{ ‘uf}/L s~r'sLotGq’ eG5— x|L>L:j¿lk0fL dfof JofKtf ;j{ldb+ hut\ .. -cy{— x|L>L:j¿lk0fL dfofn] of] ;a} ‘;+;f/’ 9flsPsf] 5 . ca æx|LÆ sf] ljifodf o:tf] ;Í]t 5— ;/lt . æ;[ utf}Æ . ;'jlt if' k|]/0f] Olt . cy{— hf] ;f]dsf] cfsif{0f zlQmåf/f lvFlrb} e'?ª\h:t} 3'Db} ;f]dlt/ ;b}{ hfG5 . hf] km'6]/ w]/} ¿k eP/ ;b}{ hfG5 . ‘;'jlt’ k|]/0ff u5{ c¿ lk08nfO{ cfkm"lt/ cfpg k|]/0ff u5{ . oL cy{x¿sf] jfrs ;"o{zAb 5 . o;}u/L æ>LÆ sf] ljifodf klg cfud eG5— æk|sfzZr ljdz{Zr :kGbM ;Qf lrltM lqmof :km'/Q]lt ;dfVoftf ;f j} lqk'/;'Gb/L .Æ cy{— k|sfz, ljdz{, :kGb, ;Qf, lrlt, lqmof tyf :km/Qf eg]/ elgPsf] 5 . o;df wgzDz]/Ho"n] ‘>L’sf] !)* cy{ x'G5g\ . tLdWo] d}n] hfg]sf d'Vo cy{ oL x'g\ egL lbg'ePsf] 5— >olt xl/ldlt >LM ..!.. >olt a|Åd Olt >LM ..@.. >Lot] ;j}{l/lt>LM ..#.. >olt k|sfzldlt>LM ..$.. >Lot] ;j{M oyf ;f ..%.. ;"o{x¿ cgGt ag], x/]s ;"o{sf] cwLgdf Ps]s ;f}/hut\ 5, o;nfO{ a|Ådf08 eG5g\ . o; ljifodf ‘cfud’ eG5— cgGtsf]l6 a|Ådf08gflos]] k/d]Zj/L . ;"o{x¿df tyf To;af6 rf]Ol6Psf x/]s lk08x¿df klg cfsif{0fzlQm / d08"s /xG5g\ . xfd|f] ;"o{af6 klg pl5l§P/ w]/} ;fgf lk08x¿ ag], tLdWo] klxn] bzlt/ 5l/Psf !) 6'qmf lk08x¿ æbz lbs\kfnÆ gfdn] / c¿ otfplt 5l/Psf ‘u|x’ gfdn] k|l;4 eP . tLdWo] 7"nfdf s'g} s'g}sf] ‘gfd’ kfOG5, ;fgf ;fgfsf] kfOFb}g . ;fgf ;fgf lk08x¿ rfF8} rfF8} gflzg] x'gfn] ltgLx¿nfO{ ædTo{Æ / 7"nf 38 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

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kl/ro—% —of]uL lgTofgGb— k|sfzsf] ls/0fdf ldnL æx|L>LÆ -lx:;|L_ tŒj /lZdåf/f ;a} cfÇgf cfl>t lk08x¿df tyf ;f]d/; rflxF k|0fjsf] k|efjn] oyfof]Uo snf -efu_ df afF8L lk08x¿sf snfx¿df ´5{g\ . snfx¿ ePsfdf rGb|dfdf tyf snf gePsf lk08x¿df ;f]´} ´5{g\ . ‘; tŒj tyf ljdz{sf] tŒj æxÆ df k|sfzsf] tŒj æcÆ ldnL æxfÆ tŒj x'G5 . To;df ljz]if t]htŒj:j¿k æ/Æ tŒj æx|fÆ tŒj gfb laGb'n] o'Qm eO{ dfofaLhsf] tŒjn] :jod\ aLrdf a;]/ ldnfpFbf æx|fF dfof ;Æ sf] dGqtŒj ;"o{df pTkGg eP/ k|sfzsf] ;ft /ª -/h /~holt ‘e"/l~hEof+ lst\Æ OTo;'g\ . /Hot]›g]g jf æ/~h/fu]Æ c;'g\_ Olt /h;, cyf{t\ /Flug] cyjf /Fufpg]_ sf] k|ltljDa kg{ uof] / hn\hnfpFbf] eof] . To;af6 pl5l§P/ b'O{ b'O{ /+uaf6 lgld{t :klGb -hf]gL{_ af6 rf]Ol6P/ hf]8l;t 3'd]sf]n] æjif6\Æ tŒjnfO{ ;fydf u|x0f u/L x/]s k|yd tyf t[tLo /ª ;d u/fP/ æjf}if6\Æ tŒjnfO{ ;fydf lnP/ k|0fjtŒjn] lk08x¿ lgdf{0f u¥of] . dGqfÍsf tŒjx¿ ægdMÆ, æ:jfxfÆ, ækm6\Æ, æjift\Æ, tyf æljRr]Æ u/L ^ j6f 5g\ . logsf k|efjn] dGqsf] ¿k agL dGqsf] k'li6 u5{ . dfly atfOPsf sf/0fn] ;ft /h -/ª_ ;"o{afx]s c¿df + 5}g . s]jn km/s km/s b'O{ b'O{ /ª -/h_ dfq} 5 . dfof -d"n k|s[lt_ n] cfÇgf /y -e|d0fsIf_ ;f]d / ;"o{;lxt ;a} lk08nfO{ cIfdfnf tŒjqmdn] NofOlbOg\ . æ;fwgf ;d'RroÆ df cIfdfnfsf] ;Í]t o;k|sf/sf] 5M– >LdfofsfdjfUof]uft\ dft[sfj0f{of]utM cg'nf]d–ljnf]dfEofdi6f]Q/zt+ hk]t\ .. ‘If+’nfO{ ;"o{ agfO{ >LF x|LF SnLF tyf dft[sfj0f{x¿sf] cg'nf]d ljnf]d of]uaf6 æcIfdfnfÆ aG5 . o} g} lk08x¿sf] æ/yÆ ;+1s ;fFw xf] . -oxfF /yzAb /Dot] cq, /dGt] r cg]g jf æ/d' qmL8fof+syg\ k|TooM . h;df /d0f u5{g\, h;åf/f /d0f u5{g\ -8'N5g\_ eGgfn] lk08x¿sf] e|d0f sIfsf] jfrs 5_ . tL ;a} lk08x¿ cfÇgf cfÇgf lgoldt /ydf /x]/ ;"o{sf] cfsif{0fzlQmåf/f e'?ª\h:t} 3'Db} ;"o{lt/ uO/x]sf 5g\, ;"o{ klg cfkm"af6 lg:s]sf ;a} lk08x¿nfO{ ;fydf lnO{ ;f]d

-ljZj;f]d_ sf] cfsif{0fzlQmn] lvFlrP/ cfÇgf] ‘/y’ -sIf_ df /xL e'?ª\h:t} 3'Db} ;f]dlt/ uO/x]5g\ . o;sf] /x:osf] ;Í]tsf] ¿kdf ef:s/sf] d"ndGq egL ‘d]?tGq’sf] qof]bz k|sfzdf plNnlvt 5 . o} dGq -sl08sf_ z'Snoh'j]{bsf] ## cWofodf $# ;f}F tyf #$ cWofosf] #! ;f}F sl08sfsf] ¿kdf 5 . Tof] dGq xf]— cfs[i0f]g /h;f jt{dfgf] lgj]zoGgd[t+ dTo{~r . lx/0o o]g ;ljtf /y]gfb]jf] oflt e'jgflg kZog\ .. afÅofy{— cfnf] kfnf] u/L 3'Dg] /ftsf] nIf0fn] o'Qm ePsf ;"o{b]jtf tyf dg'iox¿nfO{ cfÇgf cfÇgf 7fpFdf /fv]/ ;'gsf] /ydf a;]/ e'jgx¿nfO{ a/fa/ x]b}{ lxF8\5g\ . o; afÅo cy{ dfq pJj6 dxLw/ tyf ;fo0f efiosf/x¿n] u/]sf 5g\ . t/ of] ‘sl08sf’sf] ;f+s]lts cfGt/ /x:ofy{ cs}{ 5— -o;sf] tL tL cy{sf cGjox¿sf] nflu ‘tflGqs lj1fg bk{0f’ ($–(^ k[i7 cWoog ug'{_ efjfy{M– cfs[i0f+¿kbfu tyf ;ft /h -/ª_ n] o'Qm ePsf cfÇgf] sflGtåf/f 7"nf / ;fgf lk08x¿nfO{ cfÇgf cfÇgf lgoldt 7fpFdf /fv]/ e'?ª\´}F 3'ld/x]sf ;a} lk08 pTkGg ug]{ ;"o{ cfÇgf] /y -;fFw_ af6 ;a} tL lk08x¿lt/ x]b}{ ;f]dlt/ hfG5g\ . k|sfzsf] k|ltljDa:j¿k ;"o{ ePsfn] pgsf] x/]s lk08df pgsf] /hsf] @÷& k|ltljDa¿k 5 . o;}n] x/]s lk08df k|sfz 5 . tyflk cfkm" /x]sf] lk08sf] k|sfz b]lvG5 c¿ lk08 ´Ns]sf] b]lvG5 . o;df sf/0f 5— x/]s lk08nfO{ To;sf] ;fdfGofsfzn] a]/]sf] ofg] s]xL of]hg;Dd 3gf jfo'n] a]/]sf] x'G5 . ;"o{sf] cfsif{0fzlQmsf] k|efjn] ;fdfGofsfzdf j]un] 3'Dbf To;af6 ljB't -ljh'nL_ lg:sG5 . To;sf] ;+3if{0faf6 lg:s]sf] gfb jfu\aLhdf kl/0ft x'G5 . clg To;sf] tŒj dfofaLh:j¿k k|s[ltsf] tŒjåf/f lk08df l:yt lqmofzlQm¿k sfdaLhsf] tŒjdf no x'g uO{ lk08leqsf] k|sfz / pi0ftfnfO{ leq ue{df lnO{ æljRr]Æ tŒjn] aflx/ kf/L x6fOlbPaf6 ;fdfGofsfzaf6 s]xL k/ ePkl5 dfq ‘k|sfz’ b]lvG5 . k|sfzsf] ulteGbf klg dg / dGqsf] ult l56f] ePsf]n] k"jf]{Qm ;a} sfd t'?Gt x'G5 . o;}n] kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 39


tf/fx¿ Psgf;n] ´Ns]sf] b]lvG5 . o;sf/0f of] r08Lsf] gjf0f{ dxfdGqnfO{ æ;j{dGqk|bLksMÆ egL 7"nf] :yfg lbOPsf] 5 . k"jf]{Qm k|lqmof lk08df dfq geP/ x/]s :yfj/ hËd k|f0fLx¿;d]t o} ljB'R5lQmleq k/]sfn] rflxg] dfq /xL a9L ePsf gfb aflx/ gfba|Åddf ldN5 . pkl/jl0f{t ult ;"of{lb 7"nf] lk08b]lv dTo{;Dd p:t} x'Fbf x/]s lk08df ToxfFsf] jftfj/0f ;'xfpFbf] s'g} g s'g} lsl;dsf :yfj/ hËd k|f0fLx¿ 5g\ . xfd|} k[YjLdf klg hf8f] d'n'sdf ePsf k|f0fLx¿ udL{ :yfgdf /xg ;Sb}gg\ . hnsf k|f0fL :yndf / :ynsf] k|f0fL hndf hLljt /xg ;Sb}gg\ . o;sf/0f k|s[ltsf] qmL8f ckf/ x'gfn] x/]s lk08df ToxfFs} jftfj/0f ;'xfpFbf] k|f0fL x'g] ljifodf ;Gb]x lng' kb}{g . ;"of{lb u|xsf] afÅofsfzdf 8/nfUbf] k|sfz pi0ftf b]lvPtf klg k"jf]{Qm gjf0f{ tŒjsf] k|efjn] lk08leqsf s;}nfO{ klg k|sfz / pi0ftfsf] ljz]if c;/ kb}{g . an]sf] b]lvg] t ;"o{sf] ;fdfGofsfz xf], cfkm}F ;"o{ xf]Og . o;}u/L c¿ lk08x¿sf] l:ylt 5 . ;f]d -rGb|df_ tLg k|sf/sf 5g\ . tLdWo] cflb;f]d -ljZj;f]d_ / s'a]/ ;f]d # pku|x ;f]d logLx¿sf] cnu cnu dGq ‘e}/jtGq’n] pNn]v u/]sf] 5, c¿sf] kl5 pNn]v ug]{5', clxn] xfd|f] k[YjLsf] rGb|sf] ljifodf n]V5' . cufl8 atfOPsf] k|lqmofn] k[YjLdf v08k|no x'Fbf Pp6f ;fgf] rf]O6f pl5l§P/ hfFbf ‘rGb|df’ aGg uof] . c¿ lk08x¿df h:t} of] klg cfsif{0fzlQm / d08"sn] o'Qm 5 . of] k[YjLsf] cfsif{0fzlQmsf] k|efjn] cfÇgf] /y -sIf_ df /x]/ k[YjLsf] rSs/ dfl//xG5 . o;sf] gLlh /h -/ª_ tyf k|sfz 5}g . To;sf/0f sfnflUg?b|sf] tfk Hofb} yf]/} 5 . tyflk ;"o{sf] ls/0fsf] pi0ftfn] s'g} a]nf k|sf]k eP/ Hjfnfd'vL km'6\5 t/ rfF8} ;]nfpF5 . ;a} lk08df cfsif{0fzlQm x'gfn] k/:k/df cfsif{0f eO/xG5, rGb|df Hofb} ;fg' eP klg Hofb} ghLs ePsf]n] cfsif{0fzlQmsf] j]un] ;d'b|sf] 5fn pn]{sf] b]lvG5 . o;sf] cfÇgf] k|sfz gePsf] tyf lxpFh:tf] j0f{ ePsf]n] ;"o{sf] ls/0f kbf{ Hofb} rxlsnf] b]lvG5 . To;af6 sfnflUg?b|sf] tfknfO{ ;xof]u x'G5 / k[YjLaf6 ´Ns]]sf] b]lvG5 . ;"o{sf] k|sfzaf6 x|L>L tŒj ;f]´} k[YjLdf cfpF5 . cd[t -;f]d/;_ rflxF rGb|df ´5{, rGb|df ePsf] ;"o{sf] k|sfzsf] ls/0faf6 k[YjLdf ´5{, o;}n] pku|x rGb|dfnfO{ klg ‘;f]d’ elgPsf] 5 . rGb|sf] cfÇgf] k|sfz gePsf]n] c¿ tf/fh:t} ;w}F ´lNsPsf] b]lvFb}g . ;"o{sf] k|sfz rGb|dfsf] cfwf efudf ;w}F kl//xG5 . ;"o{ / k[YjLsf] aLrdf rGb|df kg{ hfFbf 3fd gnfu]sf] cFWof/f] efu k[YjLaf6 b]lvg hfG5, Tof] cj:yfnfO{ ‘cdfjf:of’ -cf}F;L_ ltly eG5g\ . ;"o{ / rGb|dfsf] aLrdf k[YjL kg{ hfFbf 3fd nfu]sf] k[YjLaf6 b]lvg] x'Fbf Tof] ;donfO{ k"l0f{df eG5g\ . pHofnf] x'Fb} hfg] kIfnfO{ z'SnkIf / cFWof/f] x'Fb} hfg] kIfnfO{ 40 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|

s[i0fkIf eG5g\ . Ps kIf sl/a !% lbgsf] x'G5 . o} ltlynfO{ ljdz{sf] !% lsl;dsf] gfd tyf ¿kn] u|x0f u/]/ To} ¿ksf] dGqtŒjåf/f xfd|f] k[YjLdf ;f]d/; -cd[t_ sf] jiff{ eO/xG5 . cfkm}F dxflqk'/;'Gb/L ;a} of]Uo efudf ljefhg u/fpFl5g\ . tL ;a} !^ efunfO{ iff]8z lgTof -ltlylgTof_ elgG5 . tL lgDg lnlvtcg';f/ 5g\— ltlylgTof z'SnkIf ltly s[i0fkIf ltly j0f{tŒj sfd]Zj/L k|ltkbf cdfjf:of c+ eudflngL låtLof rt'b{zL cf+ lgTolSnGgf t[tLof qof]bzL OF e]?08f rt'yL{ åfbzL O{F jlÅgjfl;gL k~rdL PsfbzL pF dxfljB]Zj/L ifi7L bzdL pmF lzjb"tL ;KtdL gjdL CF Tjl/tf ci6dL ci6dL C[F s'n;'Gb/L gjdL ;KtdL n[F ljdnf bzdL ifi7L nF [ gLnktfsf PsfbzL k~rdL PF ljhof åfbzL rt'yL{ P]F ;j{dËnf qof]bzL t[tLof cf]F HjfnfdflngL rt'b{zL låtLof cf}F ljlrqf kf}0f{df;L k|ltkbf cF o;df ‘cM’ j0f{tŒj rflxF dxflqk'/;'Gb/Ldf ldn]/ ;a} :yfgdf / ;w}F Jofks eP/ /xG5 . ‘;f]d’ eGg] gfdn] # lk08nfO{ hgfpg] s'/f dfly g} ;Í]t eO;Sof] . To;df cflbsf] lk08 ;f]dnfO{ æ;f]dÆ -ljZj;f]d_ elgG5 . ;"o{sf] ls/0fsf] dfWodaf6 ljZj;f]daf6 ´/]sf] cd[t k/L h;åf/f k[YjLdf ;f]d/; r'x'G5 To;nfO{ ‘rGb|;f]d’, ‘ljZj;f]d’sf] Hofb} ghLs /xL ;f]´} ;f]d/; k|fKt ug]{ lk08nfO{ ‘s'a]/;f]d’ -lbSklt;f]d_ eG5g\ . oL tLg} lk08sf] j]bn] cnu\ cnu\ sl08sfn] j0f{g u/]sf] 5 . e}/jtGqdf cflb;f]dsf] d"n dGq egL Odb]jf c;kTg ç -z'Snoh'j]{b cWofo ( sl08sf $) tyf cWofo !) sl08sf !*_ nfO{ atfPsf] 5 . o;sf] afÅofy{ pj6 tyf dxLw/sf efiodf x]g'{xf]nf . /x:ofy{ o; k|sf/ 5— x] b]j:j¿k lk08 xf] ¤ oL ltdLx¿sf /Ifs /fhf ;f]d xfd|f, xfdL hLjx¿sf klg dflns x'gfn] 7"nf] ;DklQ, OHht tyf ;Ddfgsf] nflu lk08df l6Sgsf] nflu cf]h -cd[tfTds x|L>L_ sf] nflu oL ;f]d tyf ljsif{0ffTds tŒjnfO{ d"n k|s[lt tyf ;a} k|f0fLx¿sf] lgldQ lglj{/f]wL u/fpg] k|]/0ff u/ . ;ª\lIfKt efjfy{— lk08x¿nfO{ cfÇgf] cfÇgf] :yfg g5f]8L ;f]dsf] ;'/Iff u/ elgPsf] 5 . o; sl08sfaf6 yfxf x'G5 ljZj;f]d xfd|] ;f}/hut\eGbf w]/} 7"nf]


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u'? k"l0f{df kj{ k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] s[kf, cg'sDkf:j¿k l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] u'? k"l0f{dfnfO{ eJo Pj+ lbJo?kdf dgfpg] ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . o;} qmddf ut >fj0f & ut] cu|jfn ejg, sdnkf]v/Ldf cfof]lht u'? k"l0f{df sfo{qmdnfO{ xiff]{Nnf;k"j{s ;DkGg u/]/ u'?–lzio k/Dk/fsf] lg/Gt/tfnfO{ k|To]s jif{ ;+/If0f u/]sf] 5 . u'? k"l0f{df sfo{qmdsf] z'ef/De lglvn :tjg / uf]/If :tjgsf] ;:j/ kf7af6 ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf k"hg, xjg, ehgsLt{g, g[To, nfv aQL k|HHjng, k|jrg cflb sfo{qmdx¿ klg ;DkGg ePsf lyP . sfo{qmddf cfÇgf] dGtJo JoQm ug'{x'Fb} ;fj/kGyL ;b:o >L /fdhL cof{nn] eujfg\ lzjnfO{ s[kf, cfzLjf{b lbg'x'g] u'? uf]/vgfynfO{ xfdLn] a'‰g afFsL /x]sf] atfpg' eof] . pxfFn] dGq–tGq–oGqsf clGtd gfd :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGbsf] k|;+u cl3 a9fpFb} casf] ;do eg]sf] uf]/If lglvn o'usf] xf] eGg'eof] . pxfFn] xfdL sdhf]/ cfTdf gePsf] k'li6 ug'{x'Fb} u'?x¿s} s[kfn] xfdLn] hLjg kfPsf] atfpg' eof] . dGtJos} qmddf ;fj/dft[sf >L ljGb]Zj/L a/fnn] rf/}lt/ cljZj;gLotf / czflGtsf] dfxf}ndf ;b\u'?b]jåonfO{ dfq ljZjf; ug{ ;lsg] atfpg'eof] . pxfFn] u'?x¿n] xfdLnfO{ ;Dk"0f{ s'/fx¿af6 ;+/If0f k|bfg ug'{x'G5 eGg'x'Fb} u'? k"l0f{df sfo{qmd ;+rfngsf] bf}/fgdf u'?TjzlQm g} ;+rf/ eO/x]sf] klg atfpg' eof] . pxfFn] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|nfO{ u'?b]jx¿n] ljZjf; ug'{ePsf] atfpg' eof] . rof{ g[To, r'8\sf ehgnufot ljljw k|:t'ltn] klg sfo{qmdnfO{ yk /f}gs agfPsf] lyof] . pQm sfo{qmddf ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g], eQmk'/ tyf uf]/If lglvn Hof]lt lbJo ljBf>daf6 g[To k|:t't ePsf] lyof] . s]Gb|af6 r'8\sf ehg k|:t't ePsf] lyof] . u'?;]jf bnsf ;fws lbgs'df/ s]=;L= n] sfo{qmddf ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 :jfut dGtJo lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g]sf] 5}7f}“ jflif{sf]T;j >L >L dxfof]uL u'? uf]/vgfy Pj+ k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fhsf] c;Ld s[kf, cg'sDkf Pj+ cfzLjfb{:j?k ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g]sf] 5}7f}F jflif{sf]T;j ut >fj0f !@ ut] dgfOof] . laxfg !)M #) ah] ;b\u'?b]ax¿sf] :t'lt–aGbgfaf6 z'ef/De ePsf] pQm sfo{qmdsf] k|yd ;qdf :t'lt–jGbgf, u'? k'hg, dGqhk, u'? cfxfjg ehg ;DkGg ePsf lyP eg] bf];f| ] ;q ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'gs ] f ;+of]hs ;fws lbgs'df/ s]=;L= sf] :jfut dGtAoaf6 z'ef/De ePsf] lyof] . lbge/ ehgsLt{g u/L dgfOsf] pQm jflif{sf]T;jdf wfkfv]n cf/tL ;+rfng s]Gb|af6 ;xefuL ;fwsx¿ lzj/fd aflgof / ;/f]h dxh{g tyf pQm cf=;=s] sf] ehg ;d"xn] lgs} dL7f] ehg k|:t't ug'{ePsf] lyof] . o;}u/L ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g]af6 ehgsf ;fy} g[To klg k|:t't ePsf] lyof] . o;} qmddf ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g]sf] jflif{s k|ltj]bg ;fws ;'b]z 9sfnn] k]z ug'{ePsf] lyof] eg] u'?;]jf bnsf ;b:o e''k]Gb| lu/Ln] u'?b]j / u'?sfo{;DaGwL k|sfz kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf l;¢f>d zlQm s]Gb| ;Dks{ sfof{no uf]/vfsf ;+of]hs ;fws lszf]/ cs]nfn] klg z'esfdgf lbg'ePsf] lyof] . l;¢f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf ;+of]hs ;fj/kGyL ;b:o >L /fdhL cof{n / ;fj/dft[sf ljGb]Zj/L a/fnHo"sf] sfo{qmddf pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . ;fj/kGyL cof{nn] cfWoflTds ljifodf k|sfz kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . pxfFn] ;Dks{ sfof{no tLgs'g]sf] pQ/f]t/ k|ultsf] sfdgf klg ug'e{ of] . pQm cj;/df ;fj/dft[sf ;flwsf a/fnn] u'?b]j / u'?sfo{sf] ljifodf k|sfz kfg'{ePsf] lyof] . pxfFn] cf>d ljutsf ljv08gnfO{ 5f]8]/ ca w]/} cufl8 al9;s]sf] atfpg' eof] . sfo{qmd lbgsf] #M#) ;Dd rn]sf] lyof] . jflif{sf]T;jdf l;¢f>d zlQm s]Gb| g]kfnsf sf7df8f}F pkTosfleqsf ;Dk"0f{ ;Dks{ sfof{no / cf/tL s]Gb|af6 pNn]Vo ;fws;flwsf tyf eQmhgsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] eg] pkTosf aflx/sf] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| ;Dks{ sfof{no uf]/vfsf ;fws;flwsfsf] klg ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . kGw|f}F jif{ufF7 ljz]if 47


lbJo u'? dxf]T;j k/dk"Ho ;b\u'?b]j 8f= gf/fo0fbQ >LdfnLHo" -k/dx+; :jfdL >L lglvn]Zj/fgGb dxf/fh_ cjtl/t x'g'ePsf] c+u|]hL dlxgfsf] @! tfl/vnfO{ lbJo u'? dxf]T;jsf] ¿kdf dgfpg] qmddf l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] ut >fj0f ^ ut] -July 21 tfl/v_ pQm dxf]T;jnfO{ xiff]{Nnf;k"j{s dgfof] . a;'Gw/f cf>ddf cfof]lht pQm dxf]T;jdf lglvn :tjg, uf]/If :tjgsf] ;:j/ kf7, u'? kfb'sf k"hg, dGqhk, xjg, cf/tLnufot g[To cflb sfo{qmdx¿ ;DkGg ePsf lyP . sfo{qmddf ;+:yfsf] tkm{af6 ;fj/kGyL ;b:o /fdhL cof{nHo"n] k"hg ug'{ePsf] lyof] .

xjg sfo{qmd l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|af6 x/]s dlxgf ;DkGg x'Fb} cfO/x]sf] dfl;s sfo{qmdcGtu{t xjg sfo{qmdx¿ ut dlxgf lgDgfg';f/ ;DkGg eP— >fj0f & ut] ;f]daf/— >L lzj uf]/If xjg, uf]/vgfy dlGb/, kz'klt, d[u:ynL, laxfg *M))– (M)) ah] . >fj0f ! ut] d+unaf/— tfGqf]Qm j6's e}/j xjg, j6's e}/j dlGb/, nugv]n, laxfg &M))–*M)) ah] . >fj0f @ ut] a'waf/— tfGqf]Qm dxfnIdL xjg, dxfnIdL dlGb/, nugv]n, laxfg *M))–(M)) ah] . >fj0f # ut] laxLaf/— tfGqf]Qm aunfd'vL xjg, aunfd'vL dlGb/, kf6g, laxfg *M))–(M)) ah] . To:t} dfl;s xjgs} qmddf >fj0f @ ut] a'waf/— tfGqf]Qm ljGWo jfl;gL xjg, ljGWojfl;gL dlGb/, kf]v/f, sf:sL, laxfg *M))–(M)) ah] . >fj0f # ut] laxLaf/— tfGqf]Qm j]bJof; xjg, j]bJof; u'kmf, tgx',F laxfg *M))–(M)) ah] . >fj0f ! ut] d+unaf/— tfGqf]Qm u0fklt xjg, ;"ol{ jgfos, eQmk'/, laxfg &M))–*M)) ah], tfGqf]Qm r08]Zj/L xjg, r08]Zj/L dlGb/, sfe|], laxfg &M))–*M)) ah] . >fj0f % ut] zlgaf/— tfGqf]Qm af3 e}/j xjg, af3 e}/j dlGb/, sLlt{k'/, ;do laxfg *M))–(M)) ah] .

>L lzjuf]/If dxf]T;jcGtu{t ljz]if xjg / ehgsLt{g >L lzjuf]/If dxf]T;jnfO{ lbJotf / eJotfk"j{s dgfpg] qmddf l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|n] ut >fj0f dlxgfdf ljljw sfo{qmdx¿sf] cfof]hgf u¥of] . ljut jif{x¿df h:t} >fj0f dlxgfdf uf]/If zlQmkL7x¿df ljz]if xjg / ehgsLt{g u/L o; dxf]T;jnfO{ dgfOPsf] lyof] . ljz]if xjg ;DkGg ug]{ qmddf kz'klt d[u:ynL, kz'klt jgsfnL, yfkfynL / sfi7d08ksf uf]/If zlQmkL7x¿df k|To]s ;f]daf/ ljz]if xjg ;DkGg ePsf lyP . laxfg * ah]b]lv ( ah];Dd ;DkGg pQm ljz]if xjgx¿df y'k|} >4fn' eQmhgx¿sf] pkl:ylt /x]sf] lyof] . To:t} a;'Gw/f cf>ddf lbpF;f] # ah]b]lv ehgsLt{gsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] . >fj0f dlxgfel/ pQm ehgsLt{g cfof]lht ul/Psf] lyof] . >L lzjuf]/If dxf]T;j dgfpg] qmddf l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb|sf ljleGg ;Dks{ sfof{nox¿df ljljw sfo{qmdx¿ klg ;DkGg ePsf lyP .

uf]bfj/Lsf] cf7f}“ jflif{sf]T;j tyf /f]6 ck{0f sfo{qmd

nlntk'/ lhNnfsf] uf]bfj/Ldf /x]sf] l;4f>d zlQm s]Gb| ;Dks{ sfof{no uf]bfj/Lsf] cf7f}F jflif{sf]T;j ut >fj0f $ ut] z'qmaf/ dgfOof] . ;b\u'?b]jx¿sf] :t'lt jGbgfaf6 z'ef/De ePsf] pQm jflif{sf]T;jdf u'? kfb'sf k"hg, xjg klg ;DkGg ePsf lyP . cf>ddf laxfg !!M)) b]lv ck/fÅg # ah];Dd rn]sf] lyof] eg] lgTo u'? cf/tLkZrft\ ;fF´ bLkfjln;d]t ul/Psf] lyof] . o;}u/L >L lzjuf]/If dxf]T;jcGtu{t ;Dks{ sfof{no nlntk'/ / uf]bfj/Lsf] ;+o'Qm cfof]hgfdf uf]bfj/Ll:yt cf]u/gfy afafsf] >Lr/0fsdndf /f]6 ck{0f ul/Psf] lyof] . :yfgLo k/Dk/fcg';f/ >fj0f @( ut] d+unaf/sf] lbgdf /f]6 ck{0f ul/Psf] lyof] . 48 uf]/If lglvn jf0fL M @)&) efb|



Gorakshya Nikhil Vani Bhadra 2070